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Konstantynowicz Bogdan - Historia, genealogia, biografia: USA, Europa, Polska i Rosja.
Globalizm i globalizacja.
Genealogia i historia rodziny Konstantynowicz. Genealogy and history of the Konstantynowicz noble family. History of Belarus, Russia, Lithuania, Poland, Latvia and Estonia.
Konstantynowicz Bogdan

set out in APRIL 2017.

Berezyna and Lubuszany / Luboszany - the estate of Sapieha and Potocki / Krystyna Tyszkiewicz Potocka - the line to the Templars of Krzeszowice, General Franciszek Paszkowski and the Poniatowski Home.
Miezonka-Swolna-Moscow-St Petersburg and the family history of Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz: Dyuflon / Duflon / Dufflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.



Mayer Amschel Rothschild - 1769 in Hessen-Kassel - the Illuminati, 1776. The Knights Templar in 1742 / 1743 in Paris and in 1745 / 1791, Scotland - and The Order of Mark Master Masons, 1769.


Jan Paszkowski, born in 1742 + 1st to unknown, 2nd married Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków).

Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, b. 12.10.1778 in Brody (to 1st wife of Jan), d. 10.3.1856 in Cracow, General, Virtuti Militari, owner of Tonie close to Cracow, tomb in Cracow - Rakowice, was half-brother of above Dominik Paszkowski.

Dominik Paszkowski was father of Józef Franciszek Paszkowski b. 1817.

Jozef Niemojowski / Niemojewski 1760-1836 m. ca 1790 to Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863, with Leon Michal b. 1798; Izabella Salomea Niemojowska b. 1801; Adolf Józef 1802-1873; Edward 1810-1874; Józef Niemojowski 1840-1857; and above named oldest daughter Anna NIEMOJEWSKA b. ca 1795 died 1872, married Paszkowski?

Anna PASZKOWSKA - Niemojewska was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872

[she married Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866. Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, b. 12.10.1778 in Brody (to 1st wife of Jan), d. 10.3.1856 in Cracow, General, Virtuti Militari, owner of Tonie close to Cracow, tomb in Cracow - Rakowice, was half-brother of above Dominik Paszkowski. General's daughter married ARMAND in MOSCOW, with family relationships to Anna KONSTANTYNOWICZ wife of Apolon Konstantynowicz - see Duflon, Breguet, Trubecki]:

acc. to me, ANNA'S mother was Ludwika nee Walewska - NIEMOJEWSKA, 1775-1863 and her grandfather was Józef Kalasanty Walewski {b. 1720/1740 ?} 1747-1792 {died 1770 ?} + Paulina Pulina Radolinska {b. 1750}, and great-grandfather was
Aleksander Walewski {Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 or 1778} married Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno, born ca 1700 or ca 1720;
Aleksander was son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki.

Sons of above Dominik Paszkowski:
Franciszek Paszkowski b. 1818 in Warsaw, d. 1883 Cracow, owner of Tonie, MP; and
Józef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski, b. 1817 in Warsaw, d. 1861 in Warsaw, + Seweryna Stompf with children:
1. Franciszek Paszkowski, lawyer, in 1902 owner of Tonie, and
2. Leon Ignacy Paszkowski, 1845 - 1904, director of a bank in Cracow, m. in 1875 to Maria Lasocka daughter of Bronislaw + Felicja Wolowska {see below - line to BRZEZINSKI - SZYMANOWSKI - WOLOWSKI}.

Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena - she was born in 1762 {1761} and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828.

Acc. to me she was the daughter of Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, who m. 1st to Zuzanna Polchowska with:
a. Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835, and
b. Magdalena Helena Walewska born ca 1761 / 1762.

Romuald was son of Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, who m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek {MARCIN WALEWSKI m. 2nd to MARCJANNA ROMER}. Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, was the son of mentioned above Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia;
MAREK SZEMBEK married Jadwiga with daughter Paulina / Paula Oginska.

Note:
Tadeusz Lubienski 1872 - 1942, was the son of Witold Józef Lubienski

[1841 - 1892, son of Seweryn Lubienski
{Seweryn Lubienski 1812 - 1855 in Venice, son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski
(1784 - 1826, was the son of Count Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski
[born in 1758 in Skala / Kraków, d. 1848 in Guzów, close to Zyrardów, son of Celestyn Lubienski and Paula Oginska]
and Tekla Teresa Katarzyna BIELINSKA)
and Paulina POTOCKI}
and Amelia GOLABEK-JEZIERSKA]

and Elzbieta Teresa Józefa Dzierzykraj - MORAWSKA.

Above Paula Oginska Szembek, burned in Miedniewice, was born 1737, d. 1798, she was wife of
Celestyn Lubienski,
Jan Prosper Potocki, and
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski!

She was mother of Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski,
Michal Kleofas Oginski, (see: Komorowski, von Ronne, Mielzynski, Bilewicz, Pilsudski, Trubecki, Kalinowski, Konstantynowicz, Tallinn, Italy, Napoleon...)
and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska;
half sister of Konstancja Kossowska and Anna Letowska.

We remember that above Antoni Felicjan Szembek ca 1680 - 1739, was father of Magdalena Antonina Walewska.

Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and
Andrzej Ignacy OGINSKI (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son
Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812]. Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with: Franciszek Ksawery Oginski and Tadeusz Antoni Oginski.

MAREK was the brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and to named above
Magdalena Antonina Walewska [mother to ROMUALD WALEWSKI and grandmother of HELENA KIEDRZYNSKA ?].

We don't know:

1. Aleksander {Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 or 1778} was son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki.

2. Or mentioned Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 {Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 or 1778} m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno} was the brother of named above FRANCISZEK Walewski {born ca 1675 or 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki. Named FRANCISZEK married 3rd in 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska b. ca 1710, daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723, the daughter of Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708 and Marianna Sarnowska} or Franciszek Walewski, 1710-1745 in RUSIEC, the son of Zygmunt and Marianna Koniecpolska.
They were sons {or next of kin} of Zygmunt Walewski (1656 ! or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior). Or Zygmunt Walewski, 1656-1716, was the son of Stefan and Teresa Sarnowska or KATARZYNA.
ZYGMUNT WALEWSKI m. 1st Anna Gostynska. Zygmunt Walewski of Rozprza (official in 1702-1716), married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu {Franciszek Walewski, junior, 1710-1745 in RUSIEC, was the son of Zygmunt and Marianna Koniecpolska}.

3. Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733 {or KAZIMIERZ WALEWSKI, 1670-1733}. Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733, was maybe brother of Zygmunt Walewski b. 1656 ! or 1670 - died in 1716, both were sons of Franciszek Walewski senior.

The line to BRZEZINSKI - SZYMANOWSKI - WOLOWSKI

Leon Ignacy Paszkowski, 1845 - 1904, director of a bank in Cracow, married in 1875 to Maria Lasocka b. 1851, daughter of Bronislaw Lasocki, Count + Felicja Zofia Wolowska.
Named Bronislaw Juliusz Edmund Lasocki [member of the 1863 Uprising], Count, 1828-1912 m. Felicja Zofia Wolowska, 1832-1906. Her parents:
Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863.

Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik Wolowski that is Ludwik Wolowski, Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland [with Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873]; he lived in Chamsk, close to Biezun [north-east], the Mlawa county [32 km south-west to Mlawa and west of PRZASNYSZ]; b. ca 1829, died in 1895 in Warszawa, was the son of mentioned Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 and Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
he married in 1851, Warszawa, to Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875, with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel WOLOWSKI, 1856-1900 + Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891.
Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 - parents: Adam WOLOWSKI 1770-1833, and Teresa Zalewska.

Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875: her father was Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873 [Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland in 1861; lived in ZBIKOW close to BLONIE]; her half-brother was Waclaw Cyryl Jakub 1821-1886 who married Michalina Naimska, 1833-1918.

Jakub Szymanowski, 1797 - 1873, was the son of Franciszek Szymanowski and Agata Wolowska; Franciszek was born in 1750, in Warszawa; Agata was born in 1760, in Warszawa.
Jakub had sister Filipina Teofila Brzezinska (born Szymanowska)
{she was married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski, 1794 - 1846, son of Michal Brzezinski;
they had children:
Teofila Anna Zielinska;
Aniela Brzezinska;
Kazimierz Brzezinski senior [family of Zbigniew Brzezinski]
and Franciszka Teofila Krysinska}.

Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married Anna Zawadzka, born in 1790, with 3 children: Waclaw Cyryl Jakub Szymanowski and 2 other; Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married 2nd to Karolina Wolowska, born in 1809, in Pustynia, Galicja, Austria, with one daughter Józefa Teofila Wolowska (born Szymanowska).

Bronislaw Lasocki, Count + Felicja Zofia Wolowska had children:
Bronislawa Lasocka + Bronislaw Kurtz;
Halina Lasocka + Stanislaw Chometowski;
Idalia; Zygmunt Lasocki / Zygmunt Bronislaw Lasocki born December 1867, a Polish lawyer (law doctor), a politician of the Polish people's movement, a diplomat; and
Józef Adam Feliks Bronislaw Lasocki.



The German database on the KIEDRZYNSKIS:

Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn - north-west-north of LESZNO. The Kosten county under Prussia. Landlord - Marceli Czarnecki [Wilkowo Polskie and Siekowo, Siekówko, Ziemin {1795 landlord Wiktor Szoldrski, then Marceli Czarnecki} and Bielawy in 1837].
In 1644, Wilkowo belonged to a daughter of Osowski and her husband Radomicki. Ca 1650 to Szoldrski; 1841, Wilkowo Polskie bought Marceli Czarnecki, then his son Antoni Czarnecki. 1884 - 1918 - Jan Czarnecki, and since 1918, Roman Czarnecki.

Pogrzybów - 20 km east of KROTOSZYN, 42 km east of GOGOLEWO ! Here in 1803, Helena Kiedrzynska was godmother; she was from a manor in Raszków. Pogrzybów - 1612 owner Dazdzbog Karnkowski, and his family here to ca 1835; 1861-1894 the Niemojowski family;
1803, Raszkówko, 12 / 14 km north-west of RAWICZ, and south of GOSTYN. Antoni Kamienski son of Józef and Katarzyna Zielinska - Godparents: Józef Ziemianski and Helena Kiedrzynska of Raszkow / RASZKOWKO [Helena b. ca 1780 ?].

Kotlów in 1820, inf. on Juljanna Kiedrzynska from KOTLOW, Godmother - Rozalja nee Szeliski, Wiesiolowska owner of Strzyzew; Józef Wiesiolowski of Strzyzew, and Marjanna Kaszynska of Nowolepsze; Mikolaj Garlicki of Nowolepsze.
KOTLOW, 1818 - inf. on Juljanna Kiedrzynska, Mss of Kotlow [JULIANNA b. ca 1800]; Kotlów - 18 km north of OSTRZESZOW.

1844, Gorzyczki, Józef Debinski of Sieroszewice, b. ca 1820/1821, son of Wojciech and Konstancja Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1795 ??], married to Zuzanna widow from Gorzyczki, b. ca 1806, daughter of Jan and Agnieszka Lawicki. Gorzyczki - the Koscian county, close to Czempin. At half way from KOSCIAN to SREM; north-east of LESZNO. Ca 1830 owner Edward Potworowski; Golembin (Stary Golebin), owner Melchior Szoldrski.

Lutynia in 1852, Franciszka Izabela, daughter of Kurcewski Dezydery and Pelagia Kurcewska; witnesses: Teodor Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska, b. ca 1820? Lutynia - close to Pleszew and Dobrzyca by the Lutynia river; half way from PLESZEW to JAROCIN. North-east of KROTOSZYN. Ca 1830 owner Józefina Bogdanska. Lutynia, buried in church in 1852, died in Krotoszyn, Józef Bogdanski aged 75, nobleman.

Rawicz in 1810, baptized Eugenja Wiktoria ZMICHOWSKA, b. 1809, daughter of Jan Zmichowski of RAWICZ, and Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynski; witnesses: Anzelm Pomorski landlord in Stwolna and Franciszka Sczaniecka, owner in Zakrzew.
Rawicz in 1814, Jan Zmichowski was born, son of above Zmichowski Jan an official in the KROBEN county, and Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynski; witnesses: Józef Kalasanty Woznicki official of above KROBEN / Krobia [15 km south of GOSTYN {see Kunowo of Kiedrzynski}; east of ROKOSOWO], and Franciszka Grodzka of RAWICZ.

1841, in Karniszewo, Antoni Kamienski landlord, and Teofila Kamienska, daughter of Ignacy Swietochowski and Zuzanna Siemiatkowska; witnesses: Józef Mrozinski landowner in Domaslawka, and Anna Kiedrzynska from Gniezno; named Karniszewo - north-west of GNIEZNO.

Sokolniki close to Miloslaw, in 1852, was born Marja Kazimiera Pelagia daughter of Mikolaj Wysocki nobleman and Józefa Kiedrzynska noblewoman [born ca 1830 ?].
Sokolniki close to Miloslaw [north-east of NOWE MIASTO by WARTA river] in 1854, July, here was born Marja Boleslawa, daughter of above mentioned Wysocki Mikolaj and Józefa Kiedrzynski - WYSOCKA.


Count Wladislaw Zamoyski 1853-1924, was closest friend of Jozef Rettinger / Retinger who was born in Cracow, in Austria-Hungary (see more at my webpages) - his father, Józef Stanislaw Retinger, was the personal legal counsel and adviser to Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski.
Acc. to Wikipedia: when Retinger's father died, Count Zamoyski took Józef into his household. Financed by Count Zamoyski, Retinger entered the Sorbonne in 1906, and two years later became the youngest person to earn a Ph.D. there at age twenty. He moved to England in 1911, where his closest friend was Polish writer Joseph Conrad. See the European Union (EU) and its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community.
Father of above Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski was Count Wladyslaw Stanislaw Zamoyski (1803 - 1868) - politician, and general. He served as aide-de-camp to Grand Duke Constantine / Konstanty Romanow, commander-in-chief of the army and de facto viceroy of Congress Poland. Working with Adam Jerzy Czartoryski he became one of the main activists in the Hotel Lambert group. He emigrated to England; 1848 - 1849 he organized Polish units in Italy, serving with the Sardinian Army to fight against the Austrians (see about the Carbonari movement at my domain).
His father was Count Stanislaw Kostka Zamoyski b. 1775, politician; 1809 he became the chairman of the Provisional Government of Galicia. He was Senator 1810 until 1831.
He was the son of Count Andrzej Hieronim Franciszek Zamoyski 1716 / 1717 - 1792, 1764 until 1767 Great Crown Chancellor.
And he was the grandson of [see below] Michal Zdzislaw Zamoyski b. 1679.

In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska
[widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after {death ?} Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa],
after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski.
The assets also included: Siekowo, Siekówko, Ziemin and Bielawa.
In 1750 named Jakub Szoldrski [wife Eufrozyna GAJEWSKA, with son Wiktor Tomasz Szoldrski b. 1779, d. Jan. 1830; and grandson Wlodzimierz Damazy Szoldrski b. 1818], was the officer in Rogozno, and ruled Nowe Miasto ROGOZNO.

Les Freres Anglais et Français Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski. Members: Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and with Jozef Poniatowski.
The secret organisation was formed - probably at the beginning of 1820 in Poznan - that is national Freemasonry:
Sczaniecki,
Count Wiktor Szoldrski,
Gajewski, Czapski, Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski, Zaborowski, Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski,
three brothers Mielzynski.

Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn; north of Leszno [see Sulkowski]; 15 km north-east of PRZEMET / Przemet [see in named Przemet was living a father to Andrzej Mielzynski of Kcynia, 1698-1771 + Anna Petronela Bninska, 1720-1771].

Walewski - Poniatowski - Radolinski - Zamoyski:

Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia

[his brother was Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Laszowska with son Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wezyk d. 1792 -
owner of Kalinowa and Ligota,
1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wezyk;
Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow daughter of Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzecka
- she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Swierzyny, to Mikolaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771.

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI had children:
A. Michal Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krzeslow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolinska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckoronska.
D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kreska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karsnicka],

married Brygida Galecka, daughter of Franciszek GALECKI and Ludwika Poniatowska
(BRYGIDA married 2nd to Jan Radolinski; she come from the family of the King Poniatowski - Ludwika nee Poniatowska / Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) as "Luds" was the sister of King. Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska).

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech
[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, son of Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771, daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]
and mentioned Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska.
Ludwika Poniatowska died after 1757 {d. in 1781} + Franciszek Galecki officiel in Wielun had also son Ignacy {GALECKI} born before 1740? or acc. to me 1745.
But we know about Helena Maczynska born Galecka in 1720, daughter of Ignacy Galecki b. ca 1700, and Ludwika Galecka born Poniatowska in ca 1700; Helena married Antoni Jan Maczynski b. ca 1720 with 2 children: Franciszek Maczynski.
Kasper Niesiecki ca 1839 wrote down:
Unknown GALECKI, officiel in Bydgoszcz, married Teresa Mycielska of Kalisz, 1 voto Sokolnicka of Miedzyrzecz, and the same man or maybe another married Ludwika Poniatowska; they were next of kin to Galicki in Brzesc Kujawski.

Galecki - Rozdrazewski - Poniatowski - Kiedrzynski:

In 1719 Ms Rozdrazewska writes inventory of wealth to the Rozdrazew estate - 15 km north-east of KROTOSZYN; Rozdrazew belonged to Doliwa-Rozdrazewski until 1685. In 1720, the inventory signed in Kalisz - a case mentioned by Poniatowski. This inventory of the landproperty by mediation between the miss Galecka and the Poniatowski family was signed in 1720.
Krotoszyn - 15 km south-west to above ROZDRAZEW.
KROTOSZYN in 1725 was bought by Józef Potocki of Kiev, from hands of miss Zofia Galecki, of Poznan;
Krotoszyn was the property of Rozdrazewski and Galecki:
Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski, of Inowroclaw, landlord in Krotoszyn, see inf. in 1656 in WROCLAW, fought close to Leszno and Koscian; then Konstanty Rozdrazewski who died before 1661 and sold in 1658 the villages Niewierz and Zakrzewko. His brothers: Franciszek and Stanislaw Rozdrazewski, next owners.
In 1668 Krotoszyn was owned by Katarzyna nee Opalinski, Rozdrazewska {died before 1678}, of Inowroclaw, widowed after death of Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski.
Chancellor Leszczynski, was the guardian of her children, in 1673 - 1678.
The estate was indebted and Rozalia Galecka had a court case in Srem on the unpaid sum;
then Zygmunt Franciszek Galecki of Poznan taken Krotoszyn, and in 1711-17 the property was owned by widow Rozalia nee Dzieduszycki, Galecka.
Next court cases in 1720 and 1723, versus miss Zofia Galecka, the only heir of the Governor Galecki (Rozalia died before 1720).

Krotoszyn: in 1725, Jozef Potocki came to the rescue of the bankrupt, daughter Zofia Galecka, and he bought her estate in 1725.
Andrzej Karszewicz {inf. in Przemet about the KARSZEWICZS}, who died before 1749, fall in love with Teresa Keszycki - Skapska, which is otherwise also for many years being processed for serious debt repayments from Rozdrazewski and Galecki. Andrzej Karszewicz in 1729 in Poznan married named Teresa Skapska, granddaughter of Teresa nee Keszycki, Skapski (Teresa is daughter of Antoni Skapski and Rozalia Cielecki).

See:
Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680, was brother (?) of Adam Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.
ADAM KIEDRZYNSKI married 1st to Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1685 - d. before 1724 {her sister, Jadwiga Myszkowska m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze}. Adam Kiedrzynski was born ca 1680, died ca 1723, married 2nd time to Eleonora Rozdrazewska / Rozdrazewski. In 1724, Eleonora Rozdrazewska, widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski, married 2nd to Jan Relo.

Michal Zamoyski b. 1690 or acc. to me: born ca 1679, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rozen / ROZAN ? - that is Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski, the 6th landlord of ZAMOSC, b. ca 1679 or after 1679, died 1735 in Zamosc; he married three times;
3rd time to unknown with two daughters born ca 1723 / 1730 {above Marianna Zamoyska [? = Marjanna nee Zamoyska - KIEDRZYNSKA - REMBOWSKA, inf. in 1775]} and the second daughter after 1723.
Above Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski was also the father of
Ludwina Wielhorska; Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski;
mentioned Jan Jakub Zamoyski;
Andrzej Zamoyski, Count; Helena Potocka; Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska, and
Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech born 1722, married Jan Karol Wandalin Mniszech 1716-1759, General.

Stanislaw Rembowski b. 1691 or born in 1696-1768 married two times: in 1733 [with son Jan] and 2nd time in 1752 [see below].

Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [ca 1700-1788], born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1723 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska [widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa], after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski.
Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn; north of Leszno [see Sulkowski]; 15 km north-east of PRZEMET / Przemet [see in named Przemet a father of Andrzej Mielzynski of Kcynia, 1698-1771 + Anna Petronela Bninska, 1720-1771].

Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds"; was the sister of King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Ludwika married in 1745 Jan Jakub Zamoyski.
PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska.

Ignacy Bleszynski born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan.
Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew (Bujnów - 3 km west of Zloczew and 9 km north-east of Dymki and close to Lututow, Borzeckie, Czarna, Cegielnia, Grójec Maly, Huta Szklana / Szklana Huta, Huta Stara, Miklesz, Stanislawów, Zloczewska Wies, Zloczewska Wola and Zapowiednik, inf. by Wikipedia; 1773 - Grodzice and Lagiewniki),
MP in 1809, 1811 of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, officer in Brodnica, very active member of the 1794 Insurection (battle of Sieradz; see Madalinski and Uminski) in the Sieradz province; married Petronela Radolinski.
All children of Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and
Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanislaw Józef Walewski was born in 1720 ! or born in 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumil Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814
{his daughter Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819},
and Kunegunda Szembek nee Walewska, born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek 1740-1835 MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793,
with son Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdansk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier.


Inf. in 1775 about Florian / Florjan Kiedrzynski, a official in KALISZ, and his relatives:
Pawel Kiedrzynski [heirs], son of Marcin Kiedrzynski and Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska - Kiedrzynska;
with Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / STANISLAW KOSTKA KIEDRZYNSKI, the writer of the customs chamber in WSCHOWA [see Sulkowski];
and Stanislaw's brother Józef Kiedrzynski - heirs
{Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?;
FLORIAN [see below: Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759];
PAWEL;
Stanislaw and
Jozef were brothers and they were the sons of MARCIN Kiedrzynski
(a daughter of named Marcin:
"Bona z Karsów" / BONA of Karsy, nee Kiedrzynska - the village Karsy, the Lódz Voivodeship at present, close to Kobiele, 14 km south-east of Radomsko and south of Kodrab, north-east of Czestochowa);
Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700;
KAZIMIERZ Kiedrzynski was a brother to named MARCIN ca 1700-1788.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1720 / 1730, was probably a cousin to named MARCIN b. ca 1700-1788}.

Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, ? - 1774, married Marjanna nee Zamoyska.
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, was the son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [MARCIN was born ca 1700 - died in 1788], and named Stanislaw Kostka was born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1723 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian - and JAN KIEDRZYNSKI.
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755, daughter of Józef Raczynski {JOZEF was the son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska} and Brygida nee Breza {BRYGIDA was the daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA b. 1680 d. 1749}.
Franciszka Józefata Raczynska / Franciszka Maria Raczynska was born ca 1755
[Franciszka born 1751 or ca 1755, was daughter of Józef Raczynski and Brygida BREZA / Brigitta Breza, ca 1720 - 1775, daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738. BRYGIDA was the sister of MICHAL Breza b. 1718].

Lukasz Kiedrzynski with 2nd wife Franciszka nee Raczynska had daughter Wiktoria and sons:
Ksawery,
Józef,
Kazimierz, and
Feliks / Felix.

Husband of above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski was Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 [see below].

Ignacy Kiedrzynski
[b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:
in 1764 in Wielgomlyny, Ignacy Kiedrzynski of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zablocka 1 voto Swiecicka, widow.

Mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1720 / 1730, was probably a cousin to named MARCIN senior, b. ca 1700-1788.

Marcin Kiedrzynski senior was the uncle of above Ignacy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 and to Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730.

Mentione above Marcin b. ca 1700, and Kazimierz Kiedrzynski [Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska] were the brothers [maybe Jan Kiedrzynski, born ca 1710, who married to Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski, was next brother ?!].

IGNACY b. ca 1730, acc. to my research, was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was Marcin Kiedrzynski senior, b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska.
Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Brothers of Marcin Kiedrzynski junior {and maybe half-brothers}

(Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1735 - the branch come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. ca 1675 - owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county):

A. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski the 3rd, b. ca 1735, in 1775 court case vs Anna [JULIANNA] about Kurow (see Walewski; close to Wola Pszczolecka; see Malkiewicz!) close to Wielun; in 1786 and 1788 in Kalisz.
The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz who helped to this family. Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna {? above Julianna of KUROW} were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Above Józef MADALINSKI, Captain in 1809 m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

B. Jan Kiedrzynski b. ?
(others with the first name Jan: Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 and Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province).
Jan born ca 1710 married to above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski. Jan Kiedrzynski had the Ostoja coat of arms, b. ca 1710 [1710/1720]. His son - Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767, from hands of his mother. Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755, daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski.

C. Andrzej Kiedrzynski (senior) - b. ca 1720 / 1730, owner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko [see Izydor Kiedrzynski and his son - Gabriel / Gabryel Kiedrzynski].
See:
Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680, the brother (?) of Adam Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province. ADAM KIEDRZYNSKI married 1st to Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1685 - d. before 1724. Her sister: Jadwiga Myszkowska m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze.
Adam Kiedrzynski was born ca 1680, died ca 1723, married 2nd time to Eleonora Rozdrazewska / Rozdrazewski.

Adam-Stefan Kiedrzynski / Adam Stefan Kiedrzynski / Adam Kiedrzynski was husband of Eleonora Rozdrazewska b. ca 1683.
Adam-Stefan Kiedrzynski was husband of Eleonora Rozdrazewska b. ca 1683.
Eleonora Rozdrazewska was a daughter of - ? - Jan Franciszek Rozdrazewski b. 1650 and Filipina Heister; Adam Stefan had the son Mikolaj Kiedrzynski - inf. 1740. Eleonora's brother was Franciszek 1690-1744, m. Miaskowska with a son JAKUB, and a daughter WERONIKA of Gogolew, born ca 1715.
Karol Rozdrazewski was the brother of above Franciszek b. 1690.
Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski b. ca 1621, d. 1662 in KOZMIN - at half way from KROTOSZYN to Jarocin, and north-west of Rozdrazew, 6 km. His father was Jan (1595-1628) of Odolanow, and Gryzelda Sobieski; the grandfather Jan Rozdrazewski ca 1543 - 1600; great-grandfather Hieronim Rozdrazewski and Anna Lukowska.
Jan b. ca 1543 was closest friend of LESZCZYNSKI, and m. 1st to Barbara Rachenberk; 2nd to Katarzyna Potulicki - she died in KOZMIN - with son Jan officiel in Odolanow, and 2 daughters: Anna m. in 1603 to Waclaw Leszczynski, and Barbara married Jan Kostka of Lipno.
Katarzyna (d. 1613) bought in 1601 the Kozmin estate, and 1603 m. 2nd to Ludwik Weiher / WEJHER of Prussia.
Named Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski m. 1st with son Jan Franciszek (born 1650, official in Miedzyrzecc and Odolanow, d. 1685); married 2nd with sons: Stanislaw (of Odolanow), Michal (of Sroda and Odolanow) and Adam, and daughters: Ludwika Teresa OBORSKA, and Zofia Anna m. in 1670 to Aleksander Jan Wezyk.

Eleonora Rozdrazewska was 1 voto to Adam Kiedrzynski, but 2 voto Stanislaw Ryt; inf. of 1739 about her brother. We know about Sulmierzyce in 1739, a inventory of the estate Szulmierzyce, for Pagowski - here since 1669; Sulmierzyce belonged to Odolanow [13 km to west; Sulmierzyce was situated on the border of Silesia, Austria and Prussia; south-east to KROTOSZYN], owned by Rozdrazewski; with Graniowice farm.

Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior, b. ca 1675, had brothers or cousins:
Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1670 / 1680,
Mikolaj 2nd Kiedrzynski b. ca ? - inf. 1704,
and the last Andrzej Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 in the Kalisz province.
And Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, son of Zofia Lubienska 1640 - 1692, daughter of Wojciech Lubienski [see KALINOWA !] d. 1653, and Teofila Górska, d. 1668; he was living in Galonki.
Elzbieta Myszkowska m. before 1692 to Adam Kiedrzynski.
Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1675, d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, but in 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska was widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski; Eleonora was then wife of Jan Relo or STANISLAW RYT.
We have different data:
Adam-Stefan Kiedrzynski was husband of Eleonora Rozdrazewska b. ca 1683, with son Mikolaj - inf. 1740. Eleonora Rozdrazewska was 1 voto m. to Adam Kiedrzynski, but 2 voto Stanislaw Ryt; inf. of 1739 about her brother.
Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 was brother (?) of above Adam; inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.
Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior b. ca 1675, owner of Dymki, close to Lututow [see Suliszewice !] since 1698, 1709 inf. in Wielun, was son of Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 1st, b. ca 1650 - inf. 1704 in the Sieradz province.

In 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska, the widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski, married 2nd to Jan Relo [see above].

Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730, was probably son of above JAN Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680.

Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1720 / 1730, was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska,
and was the father of:

1. KACPER Kiedrzynski b. ca 1750

[Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (junior) born ca 1770, was son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish.
When Andrzej Kiedrzynski was died before / in 1855, his estates and properties - Suliszewice [north-west of BLASZKI], and Mikolajewszczyna, with Suliszewice Jarki, and Koldów [west of Kalinowa - see below], were divided between heirs in 1856 in Kalisz. Suliszewice and Koldów are situated close to Blaszki; Suliszewice, 2 km west of Koldow;
Koldow is west of Kalinowa, and north of Blaszki.
{Who was JAKUB Kiedrzynski (b. ca 1770)? Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis)}.
Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski.
She was daughter of Joachim Kreski b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, and she had mother Justyna Magnuska b. 1749 and died 1817 in Grebanin];

2. DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750, died in 1784.

Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763;
his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787;
his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744.

Dorota KIEDRZYNSKA-GRABINSKA {1740/1750-1784} m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died {after 1770 !} ca 1807;
Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786.

Antoni PSARSKI born in 1770, was the son of Tomasz.
Antoni Psarski was the owner of Gawlowice and m. 1st Franciszka Stanislawska, with children:
1. Tekla 1799-1801,
2. Tekla 2nd, b. 1803, d. 1806 in Wierzchy;
3. Józef Rafal Psarski b. 1800 in Osmolin.
Above Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son named above Antoni Psarski born in 1770.

Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Psarski MIKOLAJ d. ca 1769, owner of Zielonczyn, m. Teresa Skrzynska, with:
1. Ewa m. Joachim Psarski,
2. above Tomasz PSARSKI, died ca 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska since 1786, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, she was 1st married to Wawrzyniec Grabinski.

Tomasz Psarski married 2nd to Franciszka Rupniewska - she died 1826, daughter of Dominik and Eleonora Szolowska; children of Tomasz PSARSKI:
a) Cyprian d. 1816, lived in Wólka Dzierlinska, owner of this estate in 1804;
b) Anna d. 1824, m. Ignacy Keszycki lived in Zalesie, 2nd time she married to Jan Korwin Kossakowski lieutenant of the French Guard;
c) Marianna PSARSKA born 1819, owner of Wola Dzierlinska, married Mikolaj Sulimierski son of Michal SULIMIERSKI and Jadwiga Jaroszewska;
d) Antoni Psarski [see above] owner of Gawlowice m. Franciszka Stanislawska.

Wola Dzierlinska - 4 km north-west of Sieradz, at way to Blaszki.

GRABINSKI STEFAN m. 2 voto Konstancja Lubiatowska, daughter of Wojciech Feliks LUBIATOWSKI and Katarzyna Helena Gadkowski, with son
Wawrzyniec m. Dorota Ostoja Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI and Franciszka Jackowska, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski owner of Dzierlinsko, 3 voto Kajetan Madalinski.

Kajetan MADALINSKI, inf. 1772 about his wife Dorota Kiedrzynska, daughter of Andrzej and Franciszka Jackowska, widow after WAWRZYNIEC GRABINSKI or Bartlomiej Grabienski and Tomasz Psarski; Kajetan Madalinski was owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow, Strzegow, Zielecin; Kajetan d. 1781 / 1784; Dorota d. 1777 / 1784,
all children born in Strzegow:
Wawrzyniec Józef Kajetan Antoni, 1774;
Hiacynt Jakub, 1775;
Michal Stanislaw Kostka, 1776;
Anna, 1768 - 1772;
Julianna, b. 1775;
Waleria Józefa, 1778.
Closest relatives Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz helped to this family.
Józef MADALINSKI b. 1774, Jakub Madalinski born 1775, and Julianna born in 1775, were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786.
Above Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Above Józef MADALINSKI b. 1774, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis);
above named Jakub Madalinski m. Honorata Psarska.

3.
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena born in 1762, she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828 [the family of the author].

4.
Jan Marcin BOGDANSKI died in 1809, married in ca 1764 to Marianna Ostoja Kiedrzynska d. 1785, daughter of above named Andrzej Kiedrzynski and his wife Franciszka Jackowska,
with children:
Marianna 1768-1848 m. in 1784, Piotr Franciszek Tomasz Kiedrowski;
Petronela m. Roch Ruszkowski;
Florian d. 1851 - owner of Jankow / Jankowo.

Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis). JOZEF was son of Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771.
Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son Anastazy, and daughters:
Marianna Arcichowska in 1779 married to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !];
Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski; Michalina; Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.
Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817,
m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784,
with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821, and with daughter
Monika Arcichowski, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.
Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

D.
IGNACY Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730, acc. to my research, was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730.


Who was the father of above named:
Ignacy;
Andrzej senior born 1720 / 1730;
Jan;
Marcin Kiedrzynski junior,
and Jakub the 3rd ??

Maybe Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.
ADAM - see below!
Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1685 - d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1680].
Her sister: Jadwiga Myszkowska m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze; 1689 - 1692, Stefan Golychowski / Golyglowski lease village Kurow in the Wielun county, next of kin to Franciszka Antonina Trzcinska b. 1693, Trzcinica; 1692 named Kurow lease Michal Myszkowski of Dabrowa. Her brothers married to Fundament - Karsnicki.
In 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski, married 2nd to Jan Relo.

Maybe Kazimierz Kiedrzynski who married Katarzyna Swierczkowska [Kazimierz was the brother of Marcin b. ca 1700. Swierczkowski come from Kobylczyce, 20 km east of Czestochowa];
or Jan Kiedrzynski, born ca 1710, who married to Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski.

Krzysztof Tyburcy Zlotnicki b. ca 1625, son of Tyburcy Zlotnicki + Katarzyna Bojanowska, was the brother of Barbara Zlotnicka married to Wojciech Kiedrzynski owner Gostyczyna;
Gostyczyna - close to Nowe Skalmierzyce, 3 km to the Prosna river; 10 km south of KALISZ and ca 30 km north of BOBROWNIKI by the Prosna river.


Note to Franciszka Jackowska -

Psarski MIKOLAJ d. ca 1769, owner of Zielonczyn, m. Teresa Skrzynska, with:
1. Ewa m. Joachim Psarski,
2. Tomasz died ca 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska since 1786, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, she was 1st married to Wawrzyniec Grabinski; Andrzej 2nd m. to Franciszka Rupniewska d. 1826, daughter of Dominik and Eleonora Szolowska,
with:
a. Cyprian died 1816, Wola / Wólka Dzierlinska;
b. Marianna owner of Wola Dzierlinska, m. Mikolaj Sulimierski from Zalesie, son of Michal. Wola Dzierlinska - 4 km north-west of Sieradz, at way to Blaszki.


Note to the PSARSKI family:

Saul ben Jakub, 1807-?, banker, came from a poor Jewish family from Wieruszow [see Madalinski and Kiedrzynski].
In 1825 he converted to Catholicism and married a daughter of a banker and industrialist named above Maurice Koniar; since 1825 he ran a lottery; he was a co-agent of the Polish government, a supplier of raw materials to the government, and in 1849-1862 he was a lottery agent in the Kingdom of Poland.
JAKUB was a descendant of the francists and Adam Wolowski, director of the mint, since 1855, was his business associate.

Above Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint;
that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
his children:
1. Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik WOLOWSKI, 1829-1895 + Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875; with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel Wolowski, 1856-1900 m. 1st Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891, 2nd to Pss Stefania Woroniecka 1860-1925.
Her great-grandparents:
DUKE Andrzej Woroniecki; Pawel Gostomski 1760-1825; Hieronim Zielinski of NUR;
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski 1766-1851;
Magdalena Gruszecka; Aniela Szydlowska; Teresa Ciemniewska;
Lucja Czekulin, 1775-1863.
See:
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) m. Lucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863).
He was the son of Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska, lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun).
Grandson of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691 [Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biala 14 km north-west of Wielun], died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow]; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700
[his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch.
Remember about Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka / SIELNICKA / Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. This is Kunow / Kunowo, 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis. See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn; Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo; Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County];
his son Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun.

Compare - Kiedrzynski near Wielun, WORONIECKI and genealogy of Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI !

Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730 [1740 ?] - 1764 daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691-1772 and Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1700; Marianna m. to Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733, d. 1784 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch; they had son Maksymilian Olszowski b. ca 1760 / 1763, d. 1814 in Wólka Krzykowska in the Chorzecin parish + Magdalena Górecka b. ca 1760, with children:
Tomasz Ksawery;
Szymon Jakub OLSZOWSKI 1798-1882 + Agnieszka Gurbska b. ca 1810-1860 [with daughter Julia Emilia Magdalena Olszowska born 1827 + Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski {Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski born ca 1821, son of Antoni Dunin-Brzezinski, 1780-1848 and Karolina Leszczynska 1782-1874}];
Jan Chrzciciel b. 1802 {the same generation like Mikolaj Kaczynski b. 1767}.
Daughter of above Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski was Jadwiga Dunin-Brzezinska b. ca 1860 married Stanislaw Jasiewicz with son Aleksander Jasiewicz m. Stefania Szydlowska; and granddaughter Jadwiga Jasiewicz b. 1926.

2. Felicja Zofia Wolowska 1832-1906 + Count Bronislaw Juliusz Edmund Lasocki, judge in Mlawa, 1828-1912;
3. Stanislaw Wolowski 1834-1892 + Maria Rawicz 1840-1922.

Mentioned Adam Ernest Wolowski born ca 1798 was the son of Adam Zachariasz Wolowski, 1770 - before 1833, who was married in 1795, Warszawa, to Teresa Zalewska, 1777 - 1855;
they had daughter Emilia Teofila Zalewska (born Wolowska), and the son Adam Ernest WOLOWSKI, 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska 1796-1863.

See - Adam Alfons Wolowski, 1799 - 1861 - Warszawa, parents: Ludwik WOLOWSKI, b. ca 1764 - died in 1832 in Warsaw, and Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. ca 1771 - d. 1837 - Warszawa.
Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. 1770/1771, was the daughter of Józef LANCKORONSKI and Klara.
LUDWIK WOLOWSKI m. in 1786, Warszawa.


Unknown Kosciuszko was father of Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko - born in 1821 in Suwalki, died 1917, husband of Jeanette Marx [nothing to do with Karl] and father of Louis Kosciuszko b. 1857, and the grandfather of Jacques Achille Kosciusko b. 1913 in Paris, died 1994 in Paris.
Above Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko / Abraham Salomon Koscziuszko, b. 1821 in Suwalki, died 1917, a merchant from SUWALKI, arrived to PARIS ca 1850.
Above named Louis Koscziuszko / LUDWIK KOSCIUSZKO was the brother of Estelle Fontaine.
Above unknown Kosciuszko maybe was born ca 1785, son of Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki and Marija SIECHNOWIECKI;
brother of Rachela Aniela Broel-Plater
[Rachela Aniela Broel-Plater - Kosciuszko Siechnowiecka, 1784 - 1860 in Saukenai, the daughter of Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki and Marija Burniewicz; wife of Tadeusz Broel-Plater; mother of Adam Michal Broel-Plater; Michal; Lucjan Stanislaw; Ferdynand; Aleksandra; Fabian Antoni Ignacy Broel-Plater Count; Tadeusz August Jan; Antoni Konstanty Broel-Plater; Rachela Broel-Plater and Anna Czudowska. Above Tadeusz Broel-Plater b. 1780, died 1822, son of Adam Tadeusz Broel-Plater, Count, and Maria Zofia ZABIELLO];
Aleksander Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki and
Jozef Kosciuszko.

Above Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki, 1743 - 1789 in Wisznica, son of Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko - Siechnowiecki and Tekla Kosciuszko Siechnowiecka. Husband of Maria and Marija.
Brother of Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka;
Katarzyna Zólkowska;
GENERAL Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko
and Stanislaw Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki.
Above
Jeanette Marx b. 1828 [maybe born in 1835 in Lorraine, France, and married 2nd in 1858. Her second - ? - husband was born in 1828 !], wife [in ca 1855 1st time ?!] of Abraham Salomon Koscziuszko, and mother of Louis Koscziuszko born 1857 [maybe 1856; see below] and Estelle Fontaine.
Sister of Leon Marx ?
Acc. to me she was the mother of LEON {first name} and wife of {surname} LEON
[Jeanette Jennie MARX or Jennie MARKS, 1835-1886, married after 1857 to Marx Joseph LEON 1828-1885 with Leon Leon, ca 1858-ca 1858; and Harriett / Hattie LEON, ca 1859-ca 1932 {married on 29 October 1878 to Oscar I. FRANK, 1850-ca 1940}; and 5 more children born ca 1860 to 1869]!

JACQUES Kosciusko Morizet, 1913-1994, son of Charles Kosciuszko [Charles Kosciuszko born in 1882, d. 1951] and Diane Milliaud, married to Marianne Morizet. Named above Jacques Kosciusko-Morizet (1913-1994), born Jacques Koscziusko, uses the name of his wife, born Marianne Morizet (daughter of André Morizet); a French politician (mayor of Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche), university professor and former ambassador to the United States (1972 to 1977 !!). Marianne Morizet (1913/1914-2001), was the daughter of André Morizet (1876-1942), French politician, mayor of Boulogne-Billancourt and senator of the Seine.
Named above Marianne Morizet 1914-2001 had sons:
François Kosciusko Morizet / François Kosciusko-Morizet (1940-2015), born François Koscziusko, French politician, mayor of Sèvres, and
Jacques "Antoine" Kosciusko-Morizet, who was director at Credit Lyonnais, and who is the author of La Mafia Polytechnicienne and another book, written in collaboration with Jean Peyrelevade: La Mort du dollar.

Above Charles Kosciuszko born in 1882, d. 1951, was the son of Louis Kosciuszko b. 1857 [see above] and Marthe Weiler b. 1860.
Above Louis Kosciuszko born in 1857 was the son of Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko b. 1821 in SUWALKI - 1917, and named Janette Marx born in 1828 [maybe in 1835? Her second husband was born in 1828 !].
Above Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko, 1821-1917 - his grandparents: Jozef Kosciuszko, 1743-1789 and Burniewicz, and his great-grandparents: Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko, 1700-1758, and Tekla Ratomska, 1715-1768;
parents: unknown by name Kosciuszko and unknown Jewish woman from the region of Suwalki.

The Kosciusko-Morizet family is a French family of Polish and French origin. The oldest ascendants come from
Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko (1821-1917), a Jewish merchant born in Suwalki, in the part of Poland then under Russian administration, very close to the present Lithuanian border and arrived in France ca 1850, and his wife, Janette Marx, from a Jewish family in Lorraine.
Koscziusko spelling is the result of an erroneous transcription into the French civil status in the nineteenth century of the original Polish name - correct spelling is Kosciuszko - for the son of Abraham Kosciuszko, Louis Koscziusko (b. on 6 July 1857), Professor, father of LOUIS / Leon Koscziusko, and Charles Koscziusko (born 1882) - father of Jacques Kosciusko-Morizet.
Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet, represents the right wing party, in Nicolas Sarkozy's government was minister of the environment. Her distant ancestor was Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko (he lived in 1821-1917), born in Suwalki (then under Russian rule). He was a merchant by profession, he came to France in the times of the Monarchy of July. She has another interesting ancestor - her mother Benedice Treuille is a distant descendant of the famous Borghia Lucrezia.
On the paternal side, Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko (1821-1917) arrived from Poland under Louis-Philippe (Jean-Louis Beaucarnot, Le Tout politique, L'Archipel, 2011, p. 157). He was Jewish origin, and knowing that his wife's name was Jeannette Marx, it may be supposed that her son Louis was also a Jew. The paternal grandfather of Nathalie, above Jacques Kosciusko, father of François Kosciusko-Morizet, was the son of Charles b. 1882, himself son of Louis b. 1857.

We known on Henry Charles MARKS, 1828 - 1907, born to Joseph MARX and Jeanette MARX (born HANNA MENDEL HESSE).
Joseph was born in 1795, in Forbach, Moselle, Lorraine, France. Jeanette was born in 1796, in Puttelange-aux-Lacs, Moselle, Lorraine, France. Henry had 7 siblings: Cayae (Catherine) MOYSE (born MARX), Klymann Lipman MARKS and 5 other siblings.
Brother of another JEANETTE MARKS:
Cahiem (Henry Charles) Marks b. 1828 in Forbach, LORRAINE, France, d. 1907 in Cincinnati, OH, USA. Son of Joseph Marx and Hanna.
Brother of Caye Marx; Klymann Lipman Marks; and Jeanette Marks.
Above Jeanette Jennie Leon (Marks) b. 1835 in Cincinnati, OH [or in LORRAINE in 1828 ??], and died in Cincinnati, OH.
Cahiem (Henry Charles) Marks b. 1828 in FORBACH, d. 1907 in Cincinnati, USA. His father Joseph MARX, born 12 November 1795 - Forbach, Lorraine, France, married in 1824, Forbach, Lorraine, France, to Hanna Mendel HESSE, born 1795 or in 1796 - Puttelange, Lorraine, France [another source: Henry Charles MARKS, 1828 - 1907, born to Joseph MARX and Jeanette MARX (born MENDEL HESSE)]. See below more on JOSEPH b. 1795.

And another source of data:
Marx Joseph Leon b. 1828 in Forbach, Lorraine, France, was husband of mentioned Jeanette Marks, and father of Leon Leon; Harriett Leon; Carrie Leon; Charles Marx Leon; Emma Heldman.
Named above Joseph MARX born 1795, lived and born in Forbach, Lorraine, France.
Married in 1824, Forbach, Lorraine, France, to Hanna Mendel HESSE.
Children of above JOSEPH:
1. Caye Catherine MARX 1825;
2. Klymann Lipman Marks 1826-1891 married to Pauline GODCHEAUX-LEVI;
3. Cahiem Henry Charles Marks 1828-1907;
4. Intle MARX 1830;
5. Sarah Catherine MARKS 1832-1901;
6. Mendel Emanuel Marks 1834-1901;
7. Jeanette Jennie Jennie MARKS, 1835-1886 married about 1857 to Marx Joseph LEON 1828-1885 with Leon Leon ca 1858; Harriett Hattie LEON ca 1859.


Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, son of Franciszek Brzezinski and Filipina Szymanowska; Brzezinski Kazimierz, died on 28.12.1876. Named Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, b. 1800 - Warszawa, died in 1886 - Warszawa; her husband - Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski, officer of 1831 Uprising, b. 1794, d. 1846.
Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, married two times: 2nd time {ca 1865 ?} with sons:
1. 1867-1944 [but we know about TADEUSZ BRZEZINSKI who was the father of Zbigniew Brzezinski. Diplomat, Tadeusz Brzezinski, was the son of Kazimierz Brzezinski junior born in 1866 in Zólkiew, who was a son of Kazimierz Brzezinski senior {1824-1876} and Zuzanna Mayer].
2. Stanislaw Jan Nepomucen Brzezinski, 1871-1950 + Eugenia Eleonora Emanuela Lacka, 1882-1953, with a son Stanislaw Bronislaw Franciszek Brzezinski, 1903-1972.

Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, married 1st time {in ca 1848}, to Walentyna Suchorzewska 1831-1924 daughter of Franciszek Tadeusz Józef Suchorzewski and Ludwika Zakrzewska, 1809-1857, with daughter Kazimiera Brzezinska b. 1849, m. Jan Cielecki, 1840-1871; 2nd to Franciszek Klemens Józef Gorczycki. Next of kin to Kazimiera Bernatowicz b. 1910.

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law).
Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins: Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer; Józef Szymanowski died in 1832.
Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.
Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.
Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, son of Franciszek Brzezinski and Filipina Szymanowska; Brzezinski Kazimierz, died on 28.12.1876 - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

Who was the President of the National Government (in rebellion) since 10 Apr 1864 - to Apr 1865, Bronislaw Brzezinski - died 1865 [born ca 1825/1835 ??]?
Bronislaw Brzezinski was the last representative of the National Government in the January Uprising.
Before 1863 he was an official of the Government Revenue and Treasury Commission in Warsaw. In June 1863, during the reign of Charles Majewski, he became a referent and controller of the counts: Warsaw, Rawa and Lowicz. He was in opposition to Romuald Traugutt, and in December 1863 he formed a revolutionary circle; after Traugutta's arrest, he received the remaining government seals and on April 20, 1864 he created a new authority, until October of that year. With the help of Aleksander Waszkowski, appointed Jan Kurzyna a plenipotentiary of the government outside the borders of the Russia; then BRONISLAW fled to France where he died.
The Revolutionary Committee (a chair was Bronislaw Brzezinski) counter Traugutt's orders.
Kurzyna / Kurzyna-Pelszewski, Jan, born 1835, Warsaw, d. on 2 July 1865, Zurich, activist of secret youth circles; in Warsaw, 1859 repressed, fled abroad; on the emigration, he was the Secretary of Mieroslawski and his agent to contacts with the country; 1864 representative of the Government; he died in a duel with A. Guttre / Guttry. Kurzyna-Pelszewski Jan, in Brussels planned to resume armed combat in the spring of 1865. But in January 1865, after a long break, they began to get back to Warsaw, and saw the police provocation of Trepow; but many of his collaborators, including Bosak, Guttry and Kotkowski, took this action seriously. In Neuhausen near Schaffhausen, Kurzyna was wounded and died on July 2, 1865 in a hospital in Zurich. Among his books we found works of Egyptian hieroglyphic and rune writing.



Tadeusz Lubienski and Maria Popiel - I compare with Komorowski - Kalinowski:

The first owner of
Guzów (moved home from Szczytniki) was in the late eighteenth century Lubienski Felix de Valois (1758-1848), later Minister of Justice of the Duchy of Warsaw.
The only son of Felix de Valois and Teresa Belinsky was Francis Xavier Lubienski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow) who had two sons:
Kazimierz born in 1801 (mother Anna Milkowska) and
Seweryn was born 1811 or born in 1812 (the mother Paulina Potocki).
Francis X. Lubienski died at the age of 42;
Seweryn with the family moved to the property of the Potocki (Milanow) on the north border of the Lublin province, close to Radzyn Podlaski; Seweryn grew up at the court in Jablon at the property of his aunt Emma Potocki Strzyzowski. Count Seweryn Potocki in 1810 to convey the estate of Jablon to oldest daughter Emme / Emma, she married in 1810 to a Polish Army Colonel Piotr / Peter Strzyzowski; Piotr Strzyzowski was a participant in the Napoleonic campaigns, he settled in Jablon with spouse Emma.
In 1836 Seweryn Lubienski (1811-1855) married Amelia Jezierska (1813-1885) and had 4 daughters and 5 sons:
Witold LUBIENSKI b. 1841 was grew up under uncle Piotr Strzyzowski, then bought Zasow / Zassow estate in ca 1870; Strzyzowskich Piotr, d. 1855; Emma d. 1856 - assume ownership of Jablon to Amelia Jezierski Lubienski, widow of Seweryn, nephew of Strzyzowski. The next thirty years Jablon was property of the Lubienskis. Amelia was formed in Jablon and around five schools in rural areas. During the January Uprising 1863 the palaces in Jablon and Kolano
[Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow]
were the center of conspiracy and assistance to insurgents - Kazimierz Lubienski [1843-1908] who was Amelia Lubienski's son was forced to leave the property. Threatened with deportation to Siberia, Amelia Jezierska Lubienska changed home to a more civilized manor of the eldest son Witold / Vytautas LUBIENSKI - in Zassow / Zasow / Zasowo in AUSTRIA.

Michal Lubienski (1896-1967), was the Head of Cabinet of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Second Polish Republic - Joseph Beck. Copyright by Stanislaw Cichon, 2011.
Above Zasów in 1855 was located in the Tarnow county; 1876 Zasów village received city rights, which had lost in 1914. In 1879 (1870 ?), after the death of Henry / HENRYK Ankiewicz, Zasów becomes the property of Witold Lubienski; who derived from the Sieradz province.
Witold Lubienski and his son TADEUSZ LUBIENSKI / Thaddeus in Zasowo formed the Farmers Cooperative of Agriculture and Commerce.

Tadeusz Lubienski married Maria Popiel with five sons:
Witold Tadeusz,
Alfred,
Konstanty Lubienski / Constantine and
two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth.
Witold was killed during the Polish-Bolshevik war in retreat from Kiev in 1920.
His son Tadeusz junior fought in the September campaign of 1939.
Mentioned above
Tadeusz Lubienski 1872 - 1942, was the son of Witold Józef Lubienski
[1841 - 1892, son of Seweryn Lubienski
{Seweryn Lubienski 1812 - 1855 in Venice, son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski
(1784 - 1826, was the son of Count Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski
[born in 1758 in Skala / Kraków, d. 1848 in Guzów, close to Zyrardów, son of Celestyn Lubienski and Paula Oginska]
and Tekla Teresa Katarzyna BIELINSKA)
and Paulina POTOCKI}
and Amelia GOLABEK-JEZIERSKA]
and Elzbieta Teresa Józefa Dzierzykraj - MORAWSKA.

Above Maria Lubienska nee Chosciak-Popiel, 1879 - 1944, was the daughter of Konstanty Chosciak-Popiel
[Konstanty Popiel b. 1841 was the son of Waclaw Popiel
{Waclaw Popiel 1812 - 1897, was the son of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Popiel
(1774 - died 1847, son of Pawel Popiel and Konstancja Magdalena KOMOROWSKI daughter of PIOTR KOMOROWSKI
[Piotr Komorowski died 1747, son of
Jan Komorowski and Katarzyna Konstancja Sulimierska, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila GLUZICKA.
PIOTR was the husband of Anna KUMANIECKI])
and Zofia BADENI !}
and Ewelina nee LUBIENSKI !]
and Maria JANUSZKIEWICZ.

See:
Popiel (Chosciak Popiel) Józef, 1848-1880, a journalist, a courier between the country and the Vatican. Born in Chocimow (close to Opatow), was the son of LUDWIK POPIEL / Louis (1813-1856), a soldier of the November Uprising (honored with the Silver Cross of Military Virtue), the owner of Chocimow, and Apolonia Aleksandrowicz (her mother was the sister of late Cardinal Mieczyslaw Ledochowski);
JOZEF was the nephew of Paul and Vincent; he grew up with his uncle Vaclav / WACLAW;
studied in Piotrkow, and graduated in Warsaw. He studied law at Warsaw Central School, then at the University of St. Petersburg. 1870-4 he visited also in exile in Novgorod, his uncle Vincent (then bishop of Plock). As a journalist wrote on the opening of the Suez Canal (December 1869) and Letters from Sicily (1871-2).
Above LUDWIK POPIEL:
was the son of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Chosciak-Popiel, 1774-1847, and named above Zofia Badeni, 1790-1859.

Zofia BADENI was the granddaughter of Barbara Tyzenhauz b. 1730 and Tadeusz Aleksander Wawrzecki b. ca 1730.
BARBARA TYZENHAUZ WAWRZECKA was next of kin to Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and to Antoni Kazimierz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski, the General, 1723-1778.

See below on the KALINOWSKI family + the KOMOROWSKI family:

Franciszek Komorowski Count, 1723- died in 1800 in Szirwyty or Szenta, come from Teresa Oziemblowski [see PILSUDSKI and Terlecki] and Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758.

Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska in Galicia
[he was son of Ludwika Grabinska and Jozef Jablonowski of Galicia, who married 1st Tekla Strutynska, 2nd to Ludwika Grabinska daughter of Jozef Grabinski official in Smolensk],
married to Lucya Glogowska daughter of Franciszek Glogowski Grzymala and Jozefa Kalinowska
[Jozefa KALINOWSKA was 2nd m. to Jan Karol baron de Wrazny SADLO].
Jozefa Kalinowska was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski of Lelow, owner of Kamionka, Suchary and Dziatkowice + Justyna Borzecka {above Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Glogowski; Jozefa was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720}.
Above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska, had 2 sons: Ludwik Grzymala Jablonowski, m. HORTENSJA / Hortenzya Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski
{Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790 + Hortensja Karsnicka.
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska had above named son Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790.
Seweryn Ksawery was brother of Józefa Kalinowska + Jan Sadel Sadlo + Glogowski;
and of Antonina Kalinowska + Ludwik Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka);
Seweryn Ksawery was son of Ignacy Kalinowski + Justyna Borzecka, and grandson of Józef Jan Kalinowski b. ca 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckoronska b. ca 1660}.

Hortensja [nee Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski] was daughter of Antoni Karsnicki.
The 2nd son of above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski was Stanislaw Jozef Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski owner of Rawa Ruska, m. Jozefa Bakawska daughter of
Jan Wincenty Count Bakowski and Kunegunda KOMOROWSKA Css
[above Jozefa Bakawska had sister Henryka + Roman KARNICKI; and brother Ferdynand Bakowski m. Antonina Komorowska Css with the Korczak coat of arms].

Ferdynand Jaksa-Bakowski 1800-1853 was son of above Jan Wincenty Jaksa-Bakowski 1770-1828 and Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770;
above Ferdynand BAKOWSKI m. ca 1830 to Antonina Józefa Komorowska 1812-1891,
daughter of Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski 1769-1826 and Konstancja Kunegunda Siestrzanek-Karnicka b. 1787.

Above Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Józef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno / SUSZNO, was son of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of
Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1670, and grandson of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from
Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski who had son
Jan Komorowski d. 1719, and grandsons -
Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski [Stefan was father of Barbara Zofia Dambska and Jan Komorowski];
Adam Ignacy Komorowski [-];
Ignacy Komorowski [with son Józef Joachim Komorowski ca 1735 - 1800] and
Piotr Komorowski
[father of Konstancja Magdalena Popiel and Michal Komorowski with son Cyprian Kajetan Komorowski b. 1776, d. 1858 in L'viv].


The WHITE underground movement before the 1863 JANUARY UPRISING:

There is a mass various circles among Polish in St. Petersburg, Kiev and Warsaw. The origins of these coincidentally occurred on the date of arrival in Poland (1860) of one of the secretaries to Jakob / JACOB Cremieux
[JAKOB was the son of Saul Haim Cremieux / Crémieu, who was the son of Mardochée Crémieux and Esther; SAUL was a husband of Sarah Carcassone],
who was at the time organizing the Alliance Israelite Universelle.
This courier was a French lawyer and journalist, Armand Lévy (1827 - 1891), an anti-clericalist, a freemason, a socialist; he was "born in a Roman Catholic family, but with a Jewish grand-father, he was passionate about the Jewish cause. He fought alongside his illustrious friends, such as Adam Mickiewicz [Mickiewicz's stay on the Bosporus], Ion Bratianu and Camillo Cavour, for the independence of Poland and Romania, and for the unification of Italy" by Wikipedia; he propagated the social upheaval in Russia.

Karol Majewski, secretary of Leopold Kronenberg, was among the first of them. He was a very influential personality in conspiratorial circles; in 1860, Majewski had the most influence among the students.

Maksymilian Unszlicht, a member of the academic committee (consisting of three persons), was also attended by Edward Jurgens, the son of a Jewess, who ran all the youth circles and associations that was set up in Warsaw.

Named Karol Konstanty Majewski (born in Denkowo close to Opatow in 1833 roku, d. 1897), a chairman of the National Government of the January Uprising 1863. He came from a family with the Jewish roots; his brother was Wladyslaw Majewski [see below] - the Commissioner of National Government in 1863 and second brother - lawyer, Wincenty Majewski (1807-1888); a student at the Academy of Medicine and Surgery in Warsaw in 1860; he was the organizer of the Academic Committee. In 1862 he became a member of the White Country Rural Directorate. Arrested, in 1866 sent to Siberia, returned in 1880.

Named the Rural Governance / White Country Rural Directorate - a body coordinating the activities of the White Party, formed in January 1862, existed until March 1863. Members of the Rural Directorate were among others: Wladyslaw Zamoyski, Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg, Karol Ruprecht, Karol Majewski, Edward Jürgens, Tytus Wojciechowski, Aleksander Kurtz, Adam Goltz [Adam Goltz, 1817 in Sieniawa - d. in 1888, son of Jan and Katarzyna Czempinska], and Tadeusz Eydziatowicz [landowners, representatives of bank financiers and urban intelligentsia associated with the movement of "Millenerzy"].
Millenerzy - a group of Warsaw intellectuals in 1858-1861 with Edward Jürgens, efforts to grant autonomy to the Kingdom of Poland, demanded political rights for peasants.
Edward Jürgens (born 1824 in Plock, died 1863 in Warsaw) is a Polish independence activist; the leader of the liberal Warsaw bourgeoisie. He came from a family of the Jewish roots (mother). The son of a carpenter Henry (Heinrich) from Holstein and Anna Kryger, a widow. In 1843 graduated from Plock High School. Since 1847 under police supervision. 1852 graduated at the university in Dorpat and settled in Warsaw. In 1857 titular councilor.

Note at margin: Wladyslaw Majewski (1830 - 1897) - Polish politician, independence activist, commissioner of the National Government of 1863. He came from a family of Jewish origin.
Son of Jozef Majewski and Agata Niegodzinska.
His brother was Karol Majewski, chairman of the National Government in the January Uprising of 1863.
AGATA'S genealogy:
Magdalena Myszka de Laurentis / Myszka vel Mesczynska (1761 in Kunów - died in 1817, Kunów) married Jan Kubicki (1760 - 1811 in Kunów), son of Stanislaw Kubicki and Jadwiga Pakulska; her children:
Agnieszka Kubicka b. 1786 in Kunów; Anna; Jadwiga Kubicka m. Wincenty Jaroszewski; Anna Kubicka second,
Kazimierz Kubicki (b. 1795 Kunów) 1st m. Marianna Hagen,
2nd married before 1829 to Eleonora Majewska d. 1890 in Seredzice close to Ilza, daughter of Józef Majewski and mentioned Agata Niezgodzinska (Niegodzinska) b. ca 1785 in Janików, died in 1856, Warszawa.
Children of ELEONORA:
Jan Kubicki (1829, Ruda), and Karol Kubicki (1835 in Kunów - d. 1899 in Krasnosielc) m. in 1862, Parzymiechy, close to Klobuck, to Berta Maria Hellmann b. in Gruenberg, Prussia; with children in Parzymiechy, and Stanislaw Józef Kubicki in Patrykozy, close to Kozuchówek.
Geographic data to Agata Niegodzinska:
Byszewy south of SKOSZEWY; west-north-west of BRZEZINY [see Roman - Brzezinska LEONIA !].
Agata Niezgodzinska (Niegodzinska) b. 1785 Janików, close to Opatow and Ozarów.
Denków - part of Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski.
Kunów - close to above Ostrowiec and Nietulisko, by the Kamienna river.
Seredzice - close to Ilza.
Patrykozy, in the Kozuchówek parish, south-east of SOKOLOW PODLASKI.

We back to movement of Leopold Kronenberg, who collaborated very closely with the Agricultural Society
[the Agricultural Society issued in March 1861 several statements like social and political manifesto, for which it was dissolved. A group of Warsaw intelligentsia and the bourgeoisie demanded deeper reforms in the liberal spirit; leading role was played by one of the richest men in Poland at that time, banker Leopold Kronenberg. Representatives saw the possibility of further socio-economic development of the country also through the equalization of rights of Jews. Agricultural Society - an organization in the Kingdom of Poland in Nov. 1857 / 1858-1861],
together with Karol Majewski, Jurgens, Aleksander Kurtz.
Leopold Kronenberg was the great friend of Enoch
[Enoch Juliusz / Julian Kazimierz Mamert, in 1847 - 1850 the Judge of the Civil Court of the Province of Warsaw; since 1858 Prosecutor; since 1860 the Prosecutor of the Warsaw Senate Departments. Born 1822 - d. 1880, Secretary of State, secret adviser, senator, politician]
and Wladyslaw Zamoyski.
Thanks to Karol Majewski, two landowners: Kolaczkowski and Siemienski, formed an organization joined the younger generation of landowners; co-operated in 1860, with the Hotel Lambert - among others with Ludwik Wolowski SECOND, Leon Kaplinski and Juljan Klaczko.


Maurycy Koniar, son of Jakub, originally called Moryc Kohn,
concluded in 1840 a contract for the supply of raw materials to the government industrial plants, and in June 1841 he assured the Bank of Poland to the construction of industrial plants in Nietulisko. MAURYCY rented lotteries of the Kingdom of Poland (1849-1862).
Adam Wolowski, the director of the Warsaw mint, was granted a loan to above company, and he secured him a loan;
in 1856, KONIAR / KOHN concluded with the Polish Bank contracts for iron from Ostrowiec and Irena. In 1861-1863 he was the chairman of the Accounting Commission to the Warsaw Railway; acted in the sugar plants and refineries of Hermanów and Lyszkowice. He owned Gradowa, Lisice, Seroki near Lowicz, and Szymanow in the Sochaczew area, purchased in 1844. At the end of 1864, he officially declared bankruptcy and disappeared from Warsaw.

Saul ben Jakub, 1807-?, banker, came from a poor Jewish family from Wieruszow [see Madalinski and Kiedrzynski].
In 1825 he converted to Catholicism and married a daughter of a banker and industrialist named above Maurice Koniar; since 1825 he ran a lottery; he was a co-agent of the Polish government, a supplier of raw materials to the government, and in 1849-1862 he was a lottery agent in the Kingdom of Poland.
JAKUB was a descendant of the francists and mentioned Adam Wolowski, director of the mint, since 1855, was his business associate;
in 1835 JAKUB was granted nobility. In 1864 he declared bankruptcy. His further fate is unknown.

Above Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint;
that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
his children:
1. Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik WOLOWSKI, 1829-1895 + Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875; with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel Wolowski, 1856-1900 m. 1st Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891, 2nd to Pss Stefania Woroniecka 1860-1925

[her great-grandparents: DUKE Andrzej Woroniecki; Pawel Gostomski 1760-1825; Hieronim Zielinski of NUR; Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski 1766-1851; Magdalena Gruszecka; Aniela Szydlowska; Teresa Ciemniewska;
Lucja Czekulin, 1775-1863 - see
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) m. Lucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863).
He was the son of Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun).
Grandson of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691.
Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biala 14 km north-west of Wielun], died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow]; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700 [his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch];
his son Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun).

See - WORONIECKI and genealogy of Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI !
2. Felicja Zofia Wolowska 1832-1906 + Count Bronislaw Juliusz Edmund Lasocki, judge in Mlawa, 1828-1912;
3. Stanislaw Wolowski 1834-1892 + Maria Rawicz 1840-1922.

Adam Ernest Wolowski born ca 1798 was the son of Adam Zachariasz Wolowski, 1770 - before 1833, who was married in 1795, Warszawa, to Teresa Zalewska, 1777 - 1855;
they had daughter Emilia Teofila Zalewska (born Wolowska), and the son Adam Ernest WOLOWSKI, 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska 1796-1863.

See - Adam Alfons Wolowski, 1799 - 1861 - Warszawa, parents: Ludwik, b. ca 1764 - died in 1832 in Warsaw, and Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. ca 1771 - d. 1837 - Warszawa. Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. 1770/1771, was the daughter of Józef LANCKORONSKI and Klara. LUDWIK WOLOWSKI m. in 1786, Warszawa.


Kronenberg - Wolowski - Szymanowski: a political vision of the future of Poland by the eyes of the great Jews patriots.

Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval / Leon Ladislaus Löwenstein / Lenval Jean Ladislas Loewenstein, baron de, by 'Dictionnaire historique et biographique du comte de Nice', was the brother of Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein de Lenval, baron, son of Jakub and Dorota Kronenberg. Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka / Enna-Tiresa Timieniecka, died in 2014 come from the barons Loewenstein de Lenval. Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval was industrialist and philanthropist.
He was the third son among five children of a wealthy Jewish merchant Jacob Loewenstein and Dorothy Kronenberg, older sister of Leopold Kronenberg; after graduating in 1855 of the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry at Marymont in Warsaw, he worked as administrator of property of Kronenberg in Brzezie in the area of Wloclawek. 1857 - went to Calvinism. 1882 lived mainly in Brussels and Nice.

Note on the Kronenberg family and BRZEZIE close to Wloclawek:

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK [see Lipno and Plock !], close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski.

BRZEZIE was the land property of Józef Dambski, b. ca 1810, son of Józef Walenty Dambski b. 1777 and Marcjanna Marianna Leszczynska born 1785. Jozef Dambski's great-grandparents:
Tomasz Dambski of Inowroclaw, 1690-1748;
Lukasz Madalinski of Kowal, b. 1700;
Andrzej Leszczynski of Rawa Mazowiecka b. 1700;
Franciszek Kazimierz Lanckoronski of Brzezie and of Rawa Mazowiecka, 1723-1785;
Marianna Kolczynska b. 1690; Ewa Estko b. 1740 [see KOSCIUSZKO]; Bazylea Woyczynska 1720-1751; and Eleonora Garczynska 1722-1802.

Please remember on Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 (60s of the 19 cent. emigrated ?? to Austrian Galicia), married before 1865 to Zuzanna Mayer [born ca 1840 / 1845 ?]; they were living in Zolkiew. Zbigniew Brzezinski come from named Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr.

Marianna Agata Wolowska that is Maria Szymanowska married Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811-61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins Celina SZYMANOWSKA (1812-55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812-40), who became an engineer.
Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer.
Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski
[Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 m. Ewa Mecinska, and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski].

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski, next the property to the Kronenbergs [with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo].
1873 - new palace; Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and Brzezie taken his children: Stanislaw Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887), then Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937); 1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg; the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg. Above Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg b. 1812, d. 1878 in Nice, was the Polish banker, investor and financier of Jewish origin, one of the leaders before the January Uprising 1863. He came from a wealthy family of Jewish rabbis. His father was Samuel Eleazar Kronenberg (1773-1826) led the banking activities in Warsaw. Mother Tekla Levi (1775-1848).

Above Baron Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein (b. 1833, d. 1895) - Polish entrepreneur and manufacturer of Jewish origin. He was born as the son of James and above named Dorothy Kronenberg (sister of Leopold). He was the brother of Leon. He was a co-founder and co-owner of plants Lilpop, Rau and Loewenstein in Warsaw. 1884 baron of the Saxon-Coburg-Gotha Duchy under Ernest II Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha.
Baron Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval married Maria Helena Kronenberg (1853-1895, daughter of Henryk Andrzej Kronenberg),
with children: Leon Mieczyslaw (b. 1872) and Maria Katarzyna Dorota (b. 1873, m. Count Izydor Colonna-Czosnowski).

Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik Wolowski that is Ludwik Wolowski, Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland [with Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873]; he lived in Chamsk, close to Biezun [north-east], the Mlawa county [32 km south-west to Mlawa and west of PRZASNYSZ];
b. ca 1829, died in 1895 in Warszawa, son of Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 and Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
he married in 1851, Warszawa, to Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875,
his family - Adam Franciszek Gabriel WOLOWSKI, 1856-1900 + Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891.

Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 - parents Adam WOLOWSKI 1770-1833, and Teresa Zalewska;

Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875: her father was Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873 [Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland in 1861; lived in ZBIKOW close to BLONIE];
her half-brother was Waclaw Cyryl Jakub 1821-1886 who married Michalina Naimska, 1833-1918.

Jakub Szymanowski, 1797 - 1873, was the son of Franciszek Szymanowski and Agata Wolowska;
Franciszek was born in 1750, in Warszawa; Agata was born in 1760, in Warszawa.
Jakub had sister Filipina Teofila Brzezinska (born Szymanowska).
Jakub married Anna Zawadzka, born in 1790, with 3 children: Waclaw Cyryl Jakub Szymanowski and 2 other;
Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married 2nd to Karolina Wolowska, born in 1809, in Pustynia, Galicja, Austria,
with one daughter Józefa Teofila Wolowska (born Szymanowska).



Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774 [Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki], died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

He was son of Kajetan Madalinski, 1740-1784 [see below !] and Dorota Kiedrzynska / DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born in 1740 or 1750 - 1784.
Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763;
his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787; his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744;
Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died ca 1807;
Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Note:
Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów / Borowo, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo; son of Józef [1710 - 1755; Jozef was son of Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska] and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775.

Porów - that is Borowo / Borowo-MLYN, north-east of Poznan, at half way from Poznan to GNIEZNO; north of Kostrzyn i the Great Poland; west of POBIEDZISKA.

Above Józef Madalinski b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski!

Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768. His father was above mentioned Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno, includes: Bojanice, Bojanickie Huby, Borzatew / Wilhelmsau, Florentynowo, Karniszew / Karniszewo close to Klecko, Kobylica, Maczniki, Male Swiatniki, Mieleszyn north-east of Klecko, Przysieka, Sokolnickie Huby, Sokolniki), married to Barbara Gutowski, owner of Gola - 5 km west of Gostyn and close to the Sulkowskis estates, in 1745-1746 owner of Babin - 6 km north of Slupca and east of Wrzesnia; Chrostowo - 1754, d. 1755. Barbara m. 2nd in 1765 to Jakub Krzyzanowski.

Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of above Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary 1802, Zatopolice close to Radom, Przybyszew / Przybyszewo, Lubania and Porów; burned in Przybyszewo, but his heart in Lubania. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto - see Kiedrzynski! Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica! He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sulkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow. Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczynskis land, then in 1791 to Mielzynski. Antoni Madalinski after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.

Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska d. 1762:
Bonawentura [b. 1680 ??] died 1762; he was the son of Kazimierz Madalinski (1660 ??-1731 of NUR {son of Samuel Madalinski (1630 ??-1673) and Katarzyna Milaszewska}) and Zofia Wypyska (?-1731).
KONSTANCJA had 3 sons:
Józef Madalinski (-1755) [Józef Madalinski b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian];
Andrzej Madalinski (-1766);
Wojciech Madalinski (-1778).

Note to above
Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784: he was the son of Aleksander MADALINSKI, 1690-1773, owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, who married in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowska.
Above mentioned Kajetan MADALINSKI 1740 - d. ca 1784, landlord of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. before 1773 to Dorota Kiedrzynska (1740-1784) daughter of Andrzej and Franciszka nee Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski (b. ca 1730) son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski, (1740-1770 ?) (b. 1807 ??), owner of Wola Dzierlinska;
with children:
1. Jakub Madalinski 1775 - 1833 m. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 with daughter Pulcheria Anna Magdalena Madalinska m. to Józef Julian Kazimierz Kolumna-Walewski b. 1787;
2. mentioned Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn, and Chodaki m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski, d. 1809, with Kunegunda before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki.

Madalinski Aleksander owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska; Aleksander Madalinski [born ca 1690 - died before 1773] owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, was from BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; he married in 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - 1721. They had one son Aleksander Madalinski b. ca 1690.

Antoni Madalinski with the Larysza coat of arms of Bobrowniki nad Prosna - 20 km north of WIERUSZOW - was the owner of the estate;
the land was in hands of the Wierzbietas, 1365 - 1640; Madalinski, 1640 - ca 1800; Belina, ca 1730 - 1910; Chrzanowski, 1864 - 1945:
Piotr Wierzbieta married Anna Domiechowska, in 1640 he sold Bobrowniki, Kolebki and Mieleszówka to Aleksander Madalinski; but in 1497 Stanislaw Madalinski with a brother Mikolaj inherited Torzyniec (Torzeniec), they were sons of Piotr MADALINSKI.
Torzeniec - 17 km south-east of OSTRZESZOW - north of WIERUSZOW; 9 km south of above BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA river.

Piotr MADALINSKI bought Niedzielsko.
Mentioned Aleksander Madalinski, son of Jan Aleksander and Niechmierowska, was an official of the royal court in 1636, in Wielun in 1652.
His son was Andrzej MADALINSKI of BOBROWNIKI, m. Marianna Grabianka, and he taken from Marcin Borzyslawski and Stanislaw Borzyslawski, in 1685, village Zarzecze and Debicza in the Ostrzeszow county.
His successors were the sons:
Andrzej [see below] and Franciszek [Bobrowniki, Hanobry, Kolebki];
Franciszek married twice: Petronela Doruchowska, then in 1728 to Julianna Zajdlicz. He died in 1738;
his son Ignacy (1707 - 1777), died in Bobrowniki; in 1777 his brother JAN MADALINSKI inherited Bobrowniki, and he was also the guardian of the children of his cousin Kajetan MADALINSKI.
In Bobrowniki also lived sister of above Jan and Ignacy - Teresa. She died on January 4th, 1787 in KOLEBKI;
Jan's daughter, Katarzyna, on February 11, 1792, married in Bobrowniki to Ignacy Rominski;
in 1792 the son of JAN, that is Kazimierz was mentioned.
Named above Andrzej MADALINSKI was mentioned as a heir to Bobrowniki in 1741. His wife was Katarzyna Gaszynska. Their daughter, Anna Madalinska, married Maciej Belina, and since then, Bobrownik has been part of the Belina's family property.

It is unlikely that General Antoni Madalinski was born in Bobrowniki. First of all, in the records of the Doruchów parish there is no baptismal act of the General. His parents lived in the Gniezno area, and near to Sroda Wlkp, Srem, Gostyn; Brother of Antoni, that is Feliks born 1741, was baptised in Brodnica close to Srem; sister Gabriela b. 1745, and brother Leon born in 1746, come from Babin in the Bagrowo parish near to Sroda Wlkp; we can, however, say that the Madalinski family, from which the general was born, was related to the Madalinskis of Bobrowniki. The seven generations earlier (late 16th century) was Antoni Madalinski, married Anna Galewska and they had two sons: Sebastian (the line of the general) and ALEKSANDER, the beginning of the line in Bobrowniki.

We can say that the only top officer of the Madalinskis, born in Bobrowniki, was Captain Józef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, born in 1774, died in 1809.
His father - Kajetan Madalinski, was the cousin of Ignacy and Jan Madalinski of Bobrowniki.
Kajetan Madalinski died in 1784, and left Józef, aged 10 years, under care of above Jan Madalinski.

Michal Nieniewski (1728 in Starokrzepice - d. after 1766), officiel in Wielun [the Godfather was Dziebowski / Dzieboski, officiel in Krzepice, writer, with Katarzyna Dzieboska, his wife], in 1762 bought Urbanice close to Wielun; m. 1756 in Bobrowniki by Prosna, to Aniela Bylina b. ca 1735 - d. after 1766, daughter of Maciej Bylina (1700 - 1747), officiel in Wizna !; and Anna Madalinska daughter of Andrzej MADALINSKI, officiel in Wielun, landowner in Bobrowniki, landlord-manager in Czarnobyl of Sapiecha, and his wife Katarzyna nee Gaszynska.

In 1808 the part of Bobrowniki had a new owner. It was Florian Szelicki, who married Marianna Kossecka, the sister of the last Madalinski's wife at Bobrowniki - Wojciech Madalinski. In 1810 Bobrowniki rented Ignacy Boblewski, and from 1817 to 1821 Wojciech Nowicki. In 1821 - 1830, Stanislaw Bleszynski, the proxy / procurator of the part of the village BOBROWNIKI.
Brief on the CICHOWICZ family:
CICHOWICZ of Zydaczow had sons: Marcin d. 1833 m. Malgorzata Wieczorkiewicz; and
Antoni owner of Danków close Czestochowa, officer in Zloczew, m. in 1828 to Józefa Bleszynska daughter of above Stanislaw Bleszynski and Konstancja Wezyk
[?? - she b. ca 1750; the daughter of Józef Wezyk of Konary Sieradzkie, 1710-1771 and Helena Jordan b. 1730. Konstancja was married in 1777 to Pawel Skorzewski 1744-1819].

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740. Mentioned above Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka. The genealogy of above Ignacy Bleszynski [Ignacy Bleszynski of Luszowice, close to Koscielec]: Ignacy Bleszynski born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan.

Helena Nieniewska b. ca 1796, m. in 1816, Osjaków, to Wojciech Madalinski (1772 - 1824 in Debina, the Osjaków parish), owner of Osjaków, Nowa Wies, Debina, Felinów, son of Jan Madalinski, owner of named Bobrowniki, grandson of Franciszek Madalinski and his 2nd wife Julianna Zajdlic, daughter of Florian and Barbara Eleonora Herman; Wojciech Madalinski was the son of Anna Botkowska.

In 1864, Bobrowniki bought Julian Józef Chrzanowski ex-owner of Olszowa close to Kepno; then Walerian Chrzanowski (1834 -1891) - his son.


Józef Stanislaw Radolinski born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuly County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza
{Antonina Maria Breza Radolinska / Maria Antoinette von Radolin-Radolinska, 1771 - d. 1845 in Poznan + Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian von Alcantara Ignatz Breza, 1752 or born in 1754 in Chorostki, Volhynia - 1847 in Jankowice, son of Michal Breza, 1718-1771 in Chorostki, and grandson of Jan Dominik Breza, ca 1681-1738 - see below !}
and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer (1761 - 1826; see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Zdzislaw Godfryd Redel b. 1839 was the son of Wanda Narcyza Albina Zmichowska (b. ca 1816 in Rawicz), daughter of Jan Zmichowski and Wiktoria Kiedrzynska.

Wiktoria died in 1819; Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska was daughter of Lukasz Kiedrzynski

{Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. See: Franciszek Ksawery Psarski died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1710; his son Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski), with 10 children.
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska - and Brygida nee Breza - daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA b. 1680 d. 1749.
Daughter of Lukasz Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska, was Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska - she was born ca 1775, studied in Poznan, translator of French philosophers, was near by to sister of her mother - Tekla Zmichowska nee Raczynski and her husband Józef}

and Franciszka Józefata Raczynska / Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755
[Franciszka born 1751 or ca 1755, was daughter of Józef Raczynski and Brygida BREZA / Brigitta Breza, ca 1720 - 1775, daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738.
BRYGIDA was the sister of MICHAL Breza b. 1718].

Lukasz Kiedrzynski with 2nd wife Franciszka nee Raczynska had daughter Wiktoria and sons: Ksawery, Józef, Kazimierz, and Feliks / Felix.
Husband of above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski was Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710.
Three sons of LUKASZ and FRANCISZKA studied at the University of Halle and Jena; all 4 sons fought under Napoleon; above Ksawery Kiedrzynski was lawyer and solicitor in Warsaw, owner of Oltarzew close to Warsaw; Ksawery died ca 1828; his brother Józef Teofil Jan Ewangelista Kiedrzynski m. Maria Skojewska, with children: Maria and Jan Kiedrzynski; Józef was owner of Mezenin close to Zambrow. Kazimierz Kiedrzynski married widowed Ksawery's wife - was friend of the Czartoryskis of Konskowola; then moved home to CRACOW.

Next of kin to named LUKASZ KIEDRZYNSKI born ca 1740:
1. Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 5th, b. ca 1735, from Koszkowo close to Noskowo and Kunowo;
2. Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska;
brothers of FLORIAN:
Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?;
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski ? - 1774;
Pawel Kiedrzynski;
Józef Kiedrzynski;
sister "Bona z Karsów" / BONA of Karsy, nee Kiedrzynska -
the village Karsy, the Lódz Voivodeship at present, close to Kobiele, 14 km south-east of Radomsko and south of Kodrab, north-east of Czestochowa.

Presumably Teresa and Ludwika Sielnicka are sisters. Stefan Sielnicki b. ca 1680, had two children born ca 1710 / 1720; this is a branch of STRZELECKI Pawel Edmund (1797 - 1873), Redel and Rostworowski. Lukasz Kiedrzynski in 1767 bought from his mother Ludwika nee Sielnicki / Sitnicki / Sielinski (b. ca 1710 / 1720), the Kunowo estate. Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772 in Myslniew, the Ostrzeszów County, son of Aleksander Psarski and Marianna; husband of Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1710.

A note to JOZEF SOLTYK:

Jadwiga Maria Walewska was the daughter of Karol Walewski and Maria Radolinska [see below !]; Jadwiga had the daughter Henryka or Henrietta b. in Berlin in 1852 m. Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza b. 1844.

Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza b. 1844 was the son of Fryderyk August Breza b. 1808 in DREZNO;
FRYDERYK'S grandparents were:
named Michal Breza of Lubaczów, 1718-1771 - see above !, Ewa Zurawska 1720-1794, Józef Stanislaw Radolinski of Wschowa, 1730-1781 and Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792

{Katarzyna Radolinska Raczynska, 1744 / 1748-1792, was the daughter of Leon Raczynski 1698-1750 (son of MICHAL KAZIMIERZ RACZYNSKI 1650-1737 in POZNAN, grandson of Zygmunt Raczynski who died 1662), and Wirydiana Mielzynska.
But above mentioned Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 (or Franciszka Józefata Kiedrzynska nee Raczynska, b. 1751, wife of Lukasz Kiedrzynski, mother of Wiktoria Zmichowska; sister of Anna Strzelecka; Zuzanna Raczynska; Franciszek Wojciech Raczynski; Katarzyna Rynarzewska; Helena Raczynska and Krystyna Lisiecka) was the daughter of Józef Raczynski b. ca 1720 - son of Stanislaw Raczynski b. ca 1680/1700 and Zofia nee Grodzynska - and Brygida nee Breza, b. ca 1720 - d. ca 1775}.

Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza married 2nd time to Helena Soltyk 1857-1947 {her great-grandfather was Józef Soltyk 1750-1803 who was the brother to Maciej Kajetan SOLTYK, Crown secretary, Senator and Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw}.

Above named Maria Radolinska b. 1795 m. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski [see: Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie, Krzeslow with Wola Pszczolecka, Kurow - Kiedrzynski; and Kurówka bought in 1818.

Maria Januszkiewicz / Maria Anna Januszkiewicz Slonecka b. ca 1740 / 1755 or 1760 was the daughter of Henryk Januszkiewicz b. ca 1710 / 1720 and Anna Bialynska. Maria Anna married Jan Lanckoronski 1740 / 1746- 1791, Count in 1782; she had daughter
Anna Lanckoronska 1778 / 1780 - 1853, and son
Antoni Lanckoronski b. in Lanckorona in 1777, d. Paryz 1850, Count in the Polish Kingdom, 1824; orderly officer on the staff of Napoleon I, m. Ewa Mecinska daughter of Adam Mecinski and Aniela Stadnicka.

Antoni Lanckoronski had son Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech LANCKORONSKI b. Mianocice close to Ksiaz Wielki in 1816, m. in Berlin in 1850 to Jadwiga Maria Walewska daughter of Karol Walewski and Maria Radolinska [Maria Radolinska b. 1795];
with daughter Henryka or Henrietta nee LANCKORONSKA b. in Berlin in 1852 who m. above
Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza b. 1844

[1st married in 1875, Drezno, to Css Henryka Lanckoronska 1852-1880, daughter of Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski 1816-1897 + Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857);
2nd married in 1888, Kraków, to Helena Soltyk 1857-1947, daughter of Marceli Soltyk 1816-1896 + Zofia Budziszewska].

And again back to
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, owner of Kunow, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski [son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska] and Brygida nee Breza [daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA b. 1680 d. 1749].

Katarzyna BREZA KIERSKA was mother of:
mentioned Michal Breza
(Michal Breza of Lubaczów, 1718-1771 [see above] was father of Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian von Alcantara Ignatz Breza born 1752/1754, and Ewa Woynarowski),

and Brygida Raczynska (see above).

Note to Ignacy Kiedrzynski / Ignacy Kiedrzynski

[b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730. Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:
in 1764 in Wielgomlyny, Ignacy Kiedrzynski of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zablocka 1 voto Swiecicka, widow.

Marcin Kiedrzynski senior was the uncle of above Ignacy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 and to Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720.

Mentione above Marcin b. ca 1700, and Kazimierz Kiedrzynski were the brothers.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was
Marcin Kiedrzynski senior, b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska. Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Brothers of Marcin Kiedrzynski junior
(Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1735 - the branch come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. ca 1675 - owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county):

1. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski the 3rd, b. ca 1735, in 1775 court with Anna [JULIANNA] about Kurow (see Walewski; close to Wola Pszczolecka; see Malkiewicz!) close to Wielun; in 1786 and 1788 in Kalisz.
The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz who helped to this family.
Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786.
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Above Józef MADALINSKI, Captain in 1809 m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

2. Jan Kiedrzynski b. ?
(others with the first name Jan: Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 and Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province).
Jan married to above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski.
Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 [1710/1720].
His son - Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767, from hands of his mother.
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski.

3.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (senior) - b. ca 1720 / 1730, owner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko [see Izydor Kiedrzynski and his son - Gabriel / Gabryel Kiedrzynski].


Jezewice, close to Tarczyn, and Piaseczno, south-west of Warsaw, belonged to Dominik Krysinski (1785 - 1853 in Warsaw), Polish scientist and economist, Freemason, a representative of the Polish liberal mainstream.
It is known that he came from a family of Jews, like later known economist, Ludwik Wolowski.
After graduating at high school in Warsaw, Krysinski went to study in Germany and in Paris; returning to Warsaw began to participate in the creation of the Faculty of Law and Administration at Warsaw University. He was the first professor of political economy at the university. In 1819 he bought Jezewice. 1818, Dominik Krysinski was a MP of the Kingdom of Poland.
He married in Warsaw, on January 31, 1813, Eleonora Józefowicz born in Nadwórna in 1793, south of Stanislawow, died in Warsaw on 30 June 1877, the daughter of Michal Józefowicz. His witnesses were the two future generals Jan and Ksawery Krysinski, his brothers. They had four children:
Zygmunt (1814-1888), famous Warsaw lawyer, who married in 1845 to Celina (or Cecylia) Wolowska (1826-1845);
Michal Franciszek (born in 1815);
Felicja Henryka (born 1820), who married Jan Michal Szymanowski (1790-?), son of Michal Szymanowski and Ewa Zielinska;
Ksawery Jan Teodor (born 1825), who married Amelia Maria Wolowska (1832-?), daughter of Franciszek Wolowski and Justyna Julianna Niesiolowska;
KSAWERY'S daughter was poet Maria Anastazja Wincentyna Krysinska (1857 in Warsaw - died in PARIS, 1908) / Marie Anastasie, in Paris studied harmony and composition at the Conservatoire Music, became the active member of the literary circles of the Hydropaths, the Zutists, the "Hirsutes" and the "Jemenfoutistes".

Above Michal Józefowicz b. ca 1760, d. 1815 - Warszawa.

DOMINIK after the uprising was removed from any political offices, and research positions; tsarist government confiscated his property; Krysinski died in obscurity on April 17, 1853.

Jezewice were - at the beginning of the nineteenth century - the property of Zychlinski. After his death, his successor was Teodor Zychlinski (geologist and journalist, author and publisher). 1819, bought it Dominik Krysinski, one of the most prominent Polish economists of that time, Member of Parliament in 1818 and in 1831, a professor at the Warsaw School of Administration and Law and a lecturer at the University of Warsaw.


The family of Aleksander Wincenty Chosciak-Popiel b. 1780

[married Ludwika Piotrowska daughter of Jan PIOTROWSKI; with daughter Olimpia Józefa Chosciak-Popiel b. 1815 in MLODYN, the RADOM county, 27 km north-west of Radom + in 1837, in Slomczyn 28 km south to WARSAW, to Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski, 1805-1868,
with children:
1. Anastazy Wiktor ORLOWSKI, junior, b. 1845, m. Michalina Maria Ewa Zgliczynska b. 1845

{her grandmother - Marianna Romer b. 1790. Michalina's great-grandmother was Magdalena Soltyk b. ca 1750, daughter of Maciej Soltyk, 1720-1780. Soltyk Maciej was the son of Józef Franciszek SOLTYK and Konstancja Drzewicka; MACIEJ was the brother of Tomasz of LECZYCA and Bishop Kajetan SOLTYK (see the KALINOWSKI family - more below!). MACIEJ was the owner of Krysk in the Czersk county, and Majdan in the Braclaw county. KRYSK is situated close to Naruszewo, owned by Nakwaski, 17th cent. to Soltyk, then to Malowieski and Karczewski; 10 km south of PLONSK};
2.
Leontyna Orlowska b. 1843 + Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830

{LEONTYNA'S children:
1.
Leon Wlodzimierz Roman, 1865-1936 + Janina Wladyslawa Malwina Pelka
(LEON'S son - Tadeusz Roman, 1894-1977. Remember!
Leonia ROMAN BRZEZINSKI died in 1985; she was married to Tadeusz Brzezinski.
LEONIA BRZEZINSKI, the mother of Zbigniew Brzezinski, was the next of kin to Andrzej Roman, well-known journalist in Warsaw; Andrzej was the son of above Tadeusz ROMAN - the brother of Leonia nee ROMAN, ZYLINSKA, BRZEZINSKA. Leonia Brzezinska 1st married Zylinska, was the daughter of mentioned Leon Roman with the coat of arms Slepowron. Named above Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW.
His parents:
Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830 and Leontyna Orlowska born in 1843.
Parents of above LEONTYNA:
Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski, 1805-1868 and Olimpia Józefa Chosciak-Popiel b. 1815)
2. Jadwiga Maria Roman b. 1869}]:

he was the son of Józef Chosciak-Popiel born ca 1740 / 1750

[son of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel 1710-1796
{son of Szymon Chosciak-Popiel b. 1670 and Ludwina TULKOWSKA}
and Anna Korwin-Krasinska b. in 1716
{Anna KRASINSKA was the daughter of Teresa Elzbieta Soltyk 1685-1728. Teresa SOLTYK was married 4 times; Teresa's brother (Michal Aleksander SOLTYK, 1680-1735, married to Józefa Makowiecka) had son General Maciej Soltyk b. 1718 or born in 1720 - died in 1780 ? / 1802 in CHELMNO. Maciej Soltyk married 3 times: 2nd in 1752 to Anna nee Dembinska (d. 1789), daughter of Antoni and Teresa Lipska; Anna's 1st husband died - Stanislaw Lanckoronski (STANISLAW LANCKORONSKI d. 1747; married two times: Franciszka Bidzinska div. in 1733, and 2nd time to Anna Dembinska in 1740, daughter of Antoni; in 1739, Anna DEMBINSKA - LANCKORONSKA - SOLTYK owned Kurozweki and Kotuszow).
Maciej Soltyk married 3rd to Kunegunda nee Koszowska of Kurozweki}],

and Józefa Kochanowska.

Note to above SOLTYK + KALINOWSKI:

Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720

[Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan)],
had children:
1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,
2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / Olszowski [see President Lech Kaczynski],
3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki.

Above Józef Soltyk b. ca 1750, died in 1803, came from Mikita (Mikolaj) Soltyk.
His grandfather - Józef Franciszek Soltyk d. 1735, and
father - Maciej Soltyk d. 1780.
Józef Soltyk d. 1803, was brother of Maciej Kajetan, and of Stanislaw SOLTYK - senator and Marshal of the Parliament of the Warsaw Duchy.

4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Glogowski
[this is the genealogical connection to the Komorowski family and this means that also to the President Bronislaw Komorowski - see my data on liaisons of Lithuanian and Galician branches of this count's family - also see: Wola Pszczólecka, Mielzynski, Kalinowski and Oginski - von Ronne and Bilewicz from Zmudz / Samaites],

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 / 1764 + Ludwik Walewski [see Kiedrzynski, Fiszer {+ Kosciuszko and Jefferson}, Wola Pszczolecka {see Kiedrzynski}].

Antoniona b. ca 1750 / 1760 had 3 sons (Karol Franciszek Walewski) and daughter. See: Wola Pszczolecka, Kiedrzynski, Sulimierski, Oginski, Trubecki. Ludwik Walewski bought Parzymiechy in 1794 from Poninski.

Ludwik Mikolaj Walewski / Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 m. 2nd in 1794 to Antonina Kalinowska.
His father Wojciech Walewski born ca 1715, d. 1757, landlord of Pstrekonie
[the grandfather - Stanislaw Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz (see: Wola Pszczolecka, the Zaliwski movement, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski), owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna / Swierzyny, Gronów; m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd in 1708, to Krystyna Rychlowska daughter of Stanislaw, owner of Podlezyce, Rzechta; his parents Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski) and his first wife Anna Gostynska],
m. in 1740, Teresa Laszowska.

The brother of above WOJCIECH Walewski:
Karol WALEWSKI, d. ca 1757 owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Galecka daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska - she was the 2 voto Jan Radolinski
(Brygida Galecka was the daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska. Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds"; was the sister of King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Ludwika married in 1745 Jan Jakub Zamoyski, by whom she had an only daughter).

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida [see above !] or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka;
Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813) [see Kiedrzynski], son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska
[see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski].
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825.

Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791.
Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810
[daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687 (acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki)].

Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 that is MARIA / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804);
Marianna Maria Lubomirska 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824).

MARIA / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski; 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814).
Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska [Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 that is the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin, with daughter Maria 1829-1906, and son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}].

Children of count Jozef Kalinowski:
Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852,
Jozefina married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844
and also
Olga born 1822 died 7 April 1899 in Retow
(her son - Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district in Lithuania now / Zmudz, owner of Retow and Zalesie that is Retowo or Rietavas, 25 km from Plungian; RIETAVAS was property in 1775 of Ksawery Oginski. In 1863 here died Ireneusz Oginski and in 1892 the first telephones in Lithuania).
Probably M. Kalinowska (Maria / Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!

Above countess Olga born 1818 or 1822 was married in 1844 to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863, and her son was above Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski who was born in 1848 or in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 married after to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.

Above Ireneusz Oginski, duke, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow / RIETAVAS and Zalesie.

Bogdan Oginski died on 25. 03. 1909.

2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and

3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. in 1784 or ca 1790 / 1795, d. 1831 or before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka, 1800-1881, owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki born in 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów - d. 1844, owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow, who was son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska [Salomea ?].
Hortensja Karsnicka had 3 husbands:
1st m. to Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. 1784 / 1795 - died 1831 / before 1846; Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, was owner of Bialokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karsnicka daughter of Antoni Karsnicki [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea (?) who was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Glogowska b. 1780;
2nd m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska [see above Julia],
3rd m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Son of above Hortensja:
Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska.



Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski b. 1794, died in 1846 in Warsaw, officer of the November Uprising in 1831, was the son of MICHAL Brzezinski born ca 1740, d. 1817 or died in 1822 - Warsaw

[Michal Brzezinski, d. 1817 / January 1822, was the son of Feliks Brzezinski b. ca 1720 ?;
husband of Rozalia Wolanska d. 1825;
father of Jan Brzezinski b. 1785 / 1782, d. 1867 + Katarzyna Szymanowska, b. 1781 / 1772, d. 1853, the daughter of Michal Szymanowski and ELZBIETA Józefowicz.
JAN had children:
Antonina Tatarkiewicz, died in 1897; her son Franciszek Ksawery Tatarkiewicz, 1848 / 1854 - 1903, solicitor, father of Wladyslaw Tatarkiewicz, b. 1886 in Warszawa, died in 1980, historian. Antonina Brzezinska married to Jakub Tatarkiewicz;
Franciszek Ksawery Tatarkiewicz was next of kin to Andrzej Brzezinski, lawyer, and Józef Brzezinski.

JAN was the brother of
1. Jadwiga Józefowicz born in Warsaw in 1771 / 1772, died 1843, married Michal Józefowicz.
2. Andrzej Brzezinski born in Warsaw in 1783 {+ Barbara Lanckoronska, 2nd + Józefa Marianna Stepowska born in 1811}, and
3. Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski],

and Rozalia Wolanska, ca 1752 / 1773 - 1825.

Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married above Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 ! - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.



The Roman family from the Przasnysz county and the neighboring surrounding area:
Krzynowloga, Janowiec Koscielny in south Prussia; Szemplino Czarne - close to Janowo - west of Chorzele, in south Prussia; others places: Lysaków Drugi [+ Dolega - Zakrzewski family];
affinities with Maria Konopnicka, and with President Ignacy Moscicki, who come from the Lysakowo parish [Mierzanow, Klice, Lekowo, Lysakowo - 20 km west of PRZASNYSZ - in 1868];
Zmijewo-Kuce, 18 km south-east of MLAWA, and west of PRZASNYSZ; in the Zmijewo Koscielne parish [+ Olszewski and Kolakowski].
At the beginning: the Roman family had owned an estates north and south of Przasnysz
[south of Przasnysz including Krasne - 18 km south-east of Przasnysz; and that next to Sachock / Sachock + the Krasinskis, Szczucki, Rembowski];
in the mid-seventeenth century, the Romans moved to Greater Poland, creating a new line of family:
Jan Roman (great-grandson of Sebastian Roman, the heir of Romany-Górskie, and Anna Gadomski) in 1726-1752, Secretary of the Metropolitan Chapter of Gniezno.
Kazimierz Roman of Czaplice-Kurki was treasurer of Wyszogrod in the middle of 18th century. Michal Roman of Zawkrze [close to Szrensk] and Pawel Roman of Ciechanow - both sons of Wladyslaw Roman of Romany-Skierki and Romany-Zajki, and Rozalia Kijewska, who lived in Latyczow district in 1780 [Ukraine].
Placyd Roman of Romany-Misie, Romany-Fuszki, Romany-Kosiorki, chamberlain of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski of Poland. His two sons, Wiktor (b. 1785, d. 1847) and Seweryn ROMAN (b. 1788) merited Napoleonic officers [more at freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com].
Before Herold of the Polish Kingdom in 1837-1860 nobility argued:
Andrew / ANDRZEJ ROMAN, Anthony and Apollinaris, both sons of Franciszek / Francis ROMAN, and Magdalena Kobylinski [see Zbigniew Brzezinski], all of Romany-Sedzieta, north of PRZASNYSZ.
Romany-Fuszki - 14 km north of Przasnysz: heirs Antoni, Blazej and Kazimierz, both sons of Jakub and Maryanna nee Zaleski; Grzegorz son of Wojciech; Franciszek son of Szymon ROMAN. The Romanski family with the coat of arms of Slepowron of 1641-43, come from Przasnysz; see in 1805 inf. by Piotr Malachowski.
Saturnin Roman emigrated from the parish of Chorzele, Poland to New Britain, CT, USA in 1904.

Rogowo - 10 km east of Przasnysz, here Marcin ROMAN, b. ca 1700, d. after 1761, resided in Ulatowo Pogorzel, close to Chorzele, married in Przasnysz in 1721 to Ewa Kobylinska (daughter of Kilian Kobylinski of Kobylaki Konopki), m. 2nd to Agnieszka Krepska (daughter of Kazimierz Krepski of Rogowo), died in Pogorzel in 1776. Sister of above MARCIN ROMAN - Konstancya, m. in 1729 to Pawel Gadomski, with son Michal Gadomski who married in the Chorzele parish in 1750 to Marcianna Bagienska.

Grzegorz CZAPLICKI had two wives, Anna Karwowska was the mother of:
1. Maryanna, m. Mikolaj Czaplicki, b. ca 1726, d. in Romany-Karcze in 1811;
2. Pawel Czaplicki, b. in Czaplice-Baki ca 1742, d. in 1826, m. Barbara Mlodzianowska with son
Franciszek, b. in Czaplice-Baki in 1788, d. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1859, m. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1826 to Zofia Orlowska (daughter of Waclaw Orlowski and Zofia), b. 1806, d. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1863, m. 2nd to Maryanna Charszewska, with daughter
Antonina, b. in Obrab in 1831, m. Krzynowloga Mala in 1857 to Tadeusz Karol Lelewel (Lollhoffel von Loewensprung) son of Prot Lelewel and Jozefa Slaska, b. in Warsaw in 1824. Tadeusz' father's brother was Joachim Lelewel, the famous historian. Prot was a Napolean officer, a member of the Polish Parliament, and inheritor of Wola Cygowska near Warsaw. Tadeusz was the grandson of Karol Maurycy LELEWEL, lawyer, captain of the Polish Army, 1768 he was a Polish citizen.
His wife was Ewa Szelutt from Lithuania. Tadeusz was the great grandson of Henryk, the personal physician of King August III Wettin. Henryk's wife was Katarzyna Jauch, the daughter of Joachim Jauch, general-major of the Polish-Saxon Army and Ewa Munnich, who was the daughter of Burchard Munnich, a Russian Field Marshal.
See:
Dmochowski Henryk / Dmochowski / Sanders Henry, 1810-1863, insurrectionist of 1863, artist-sculptor. Born in the Zablocie Manor in the Braslaw county as the son of Michal (died 1832) the former scribe for the Educational Commission, and Anna nee Deulow (died 1812). A brother of Michal, and uncle of Henryk; and next of kin to Kazimierz - the Archbishop-Metropolitan in Mohylew. Henryk studied in Wilno, but in 1831, led by Professor Walerian Pietkiewicz, joined the partisan regiment organized by Colonel Jozef Zaliwski near Troki. He had a close personal relationship with Zaliwski. He emigrated with Zaliwski to Hungary, Styria, Bawaria, Wirtenberg, and Baden to France. He worked with Zaliwski to organize an expedition to Poland (Besancon; Avinion). Freemason of "Trinosophes" in Tours; member of the underground "Carbonari" society (Lelewel, Krepowiecki, Mazzini, Józef Zaliwski).
Above Józef Zaliwski born 1797 in Marijampole or Jurbarkas, d. 1855 in Paris, a Polish Colonel of Kingdom of Poland, was a member of the National Freemasonry, Walerian Lukasinski's Society, Piotr Wysocki Conspiracy, co-operated with Joachim Lelewel in 1832, initiator of guerilla warfare in 1833, participated in November Uprising 1830 - 1831.

Note to:
Joachim Daniel Jauch's daughter Constance Jauch 1722 - 1802 married Heinrich Lölhöffel von Löwensprung 1705 - 1763, privy councillor and physician to the King Augustus III of Poland. Death of her husband in 1763. That is Konstancja Jauch 1722 - 1802 or 1723 - 1805 daughter of Joachim and Ewa Münnich.
Married in 1740 to Henryk Lelewel von Löwensprung 1703-1763, with
Karol Maurycy of Liw (1792) 1748-1830 or 1750 - 1830 m. Ewa Szeluta-Malynicki 1763-1837;
Teresa b. 1750 m. Adam Józef Cieciszowski 1743-1783.
Karol Maurycy Lelewel (1750 - 1830) married a niece of the archbishop of the Mogilev, Kasper Cieciszowski 1745 - 1831.
Karol Mauricy Lelewel was a Royal Polish captain, a Polish noble, and became a member of Parliament; Karol Mauricy was 1778 until 1794 the lawyer and treasurer of the Commission of National Education.
Great-aunt of Constance's Lelewel progeny was Jadwiga Walewska (b. 1740 / 1744).
Constance Jauch's grandsons were Joachim Prot and Jan Pawel Lelewel.
Joachim Lelewel (1786 - 1861) became Poland's most famous historian. He was a member of Poland's Provisional Government in 1830, was vice-president of the Democratic Society for the Unification and Brotherhood of all People in Brussels; he was a friend of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Gilbert du Motier, the anarchist Michail Bakunin, marquis de Lafayette, on 29 May is Lelewel's memorial day in the Jewish almanc for his commitment for the Jewish emancipation.
Constance Jauch's granddaughter Anna Cieciszowska was sister-in-law of Magdalena Agnieszka Sapiecha 1739 - 1780 - daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and informal consort of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
Constance Jauch was sister-in-law of Countess Maria Walewska 1786 - 1817, mistress of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska / Walewski, born 1740 / 1744 to Józef Colonna-Walewski and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska. Józef was born in 1700 / 1710, in Walewice.
Jadwiga had brother Anastazy Colonna-Walewski.
Jadwiga married Michal Walewski. Michal was born in 1750, officer in Sieradz.
Her daughter was Teodora Walewski Stecki-Olechnowicz.
Above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski died 1763, son of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska. Father of Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska, Anastazy Colonna-Walewski and Teodora Walewska; brother of Marianna Radolinska; copyright by Wanda Krystyna Korzeniewska.
Above Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1733, d. 1815 or 1814, and a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Maria and Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius had one son, Antoni Rudolf Bazyli Colonna-Walewski (he was an illegitimate child); she 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father; her father Maciej was born circa 1740. She had son Rudolf August d'Ornano.
Above Walewski Anastazy / Atanazy was born in 1733 / 1735. They had one son Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski. Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.
Above Atanazy / Anastazy Colonna-Walewski b. circa 1730 / 1733 or 1735. Son of Józef Walewski / Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763, and (Jozefa Colonna Walewska b. before ca 1720 ?) Ludwika / Ludwika Colonna-Walewska.
Above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763; son of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia; brother of Marianna Radolinska, inf. by Andrzej Hennel and Wanda Krystyna Korzeniewska.

Leonard Borejko Chodzko died in 1871; he was a Polish historian, geographer, cartographer, publisher, archivist, and activist of the Great Emigration. At the University of Vilnius he was a member of the Philomaths in 1816 with Adam Mickiewicz, Tomasz Zan (in Molodeczno) and Józef Jezowski. 1819 was the personal secretary of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Cleophas Oginski, with whom he left Russia in 1822; 1822 - 1826 Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and England; he settled in Paris in 1826. Friend to Col. Joseph Zaliwski, Joachim Lelewel, Marie Joseph de La Fayette and Victor Hugo. Member of the Society of Lithuania and Russian Territories; a member of the Polish National Committee; the Revenge of the People, in 1833; persecuted by the Russian Embassy in Paris; 1833 - 1834 in the United Kingdom; returned to Paris; he published Michael Cleophas Oginski's Memoirs in four volumes in French in the years 1826-1827; Histoire de les légions polonaises en Italie, Les Polonais en Italie, Histoire populaire de la Pologne in 1863; Biographie du géneral Kosciuszko.

We back to PRZASNYSZ:

BARTLOMIEJ ZBIKOWSKI, b. 1727, d. before 1780, m. in Szwejki, the Krasne Parish in 1754 to FRANCISZKA MILEWSKA. Children:
1. Jan, m. Marcyanna Kobylinska, daughter of Adam Kobylinski;
2. Jakub, b. ca 1748, d. in Pogorzel, 1827;
3. Alexander, b. 1756, m. 2nd to widowed Rozalia Borucka daughter of Mateusz Lojewski and Maryanna Kobylenska.

MATEUSZ ROMAN, inheritor of Ulatowo Pogorzel, b. 1731, d. Pogorzel, 1792, m. in Chorzele in 1756 to EWA LOJEWSKA, b. ca 1732, d. in Pogorzel in 1799. His son:
Pawel ROMAN, b. 1777, d. before 1808, m. 1796 to Maryanna Dabrowska, she m. 2nd in 1808, Jakub Roman,
with daughter Maryanna, b. Pogorzel in 1798, d. 1841, m. in Przasnysz in 1814 to Jakub Kobylinski (son of Franciszek Kobylinski and Franciszka Chodkowska), b. ca 1790.

JAKUB ROMAN, b. ca 1785, d. in Ulatowo Pogorzel, 1831, m. AGNIESZKA CHODKOWSKA, with children (all born in Pogorzel):
Antoni, b. 1810, m (2) Tekla Kobylinska, b. 1819, d. Pogorzel;
Jan Alexander ROMAN, b. 1828, m (1) in Chorzele in 1847 to Domicella Kobylinska daughter of Jan Kobylinski.


The concept of globalism now is most commonly used to refer to different ideologies advocating globalization.

In his 2005 book 'The Collapse of Globalism and the Reinvention of the World', Canadian philosopher John Ralston Saul treated globalism as coterminous with neoliberalism and neoliberal globalization. The word itself came into widespread usage, first and foremost in the United States, from the early 1940s.
"...The first person in the United States to use the term economic integration in its modern sense (i.e. combining separate economies into larger economic regions) did so at this time: one John S. de Beers, an economist in the US Treasury Department, towards the end of 1941 [copyright by Wikipedia]."
Globalization or globalisation is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.
The term globalization is very recent, only establishing its current meaning in the 1970s.
"...Cultural globalization refers to the transmission of ideas, meanings and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations. This process is marked by the common consumption of cultures that have been diffused by the Internet, popular culture media, and international travel".
By Joseph Nye, April 15, 2002 - "Globalism versus globalization? Many people would think the two terms refer to the same phenomenon. However, there are important differences between the two. Globalism, at its core, seeks to describe and explain nothing more than a world which is characterized by networks of connections that span multi-continental distances. ... In contrast, globalization refers to the increase or decline in the degree of globalism. ... In short, consider globalism as the underlying basic network, while globalization refers to the dynamic shrinking of distance on a large scale. ... Does this suggest that globalism declined or rose between 1914 and 1945? It depends on the dimension, or sphere, of globalism one is referring to...".
By Ishaan Tharoor in November 2016 at 'washingtonpost.com/news/':
"... 'We will no longer surrender this country, or its people, to the false song of globalism'. That was then-Republican presidential candidate - now nominee - Donald Trump, delivering his first full speech on foreign policy in April [2016].
... The 'nation-state', not the international order, Trump declared in April, was 'the true foundation for happiness and harmony.'
... It's been fueled by American conspiracy mongers on the far-right, such as Alex Jones of the Infowars website, who has decried 'globalism' writ large for at least half a decade ... Trump campaign CEO Steve Bannon said on radio the week before the American election. 'People want more control of their country. They're very proud of their countries. They want borders. They want sovereignty. It's not just a thing that’s happening in any one geographic space.' ...".

In his speech [on 27th April 1961] President Kennedy addresses his discontent with the press's news coverage before, and during, and after the Bay of Pigs incident, suggesting there is a need for "far greater public information" and "far greater official secrecy". Why?

On April the 28th, 1961 we read on the 'JFK Tells of Red Menace',

"President Kennedy told the nations newspaper publishers Thursday night that no formally declared war ever posed as great a threat to American security as does the rampant worldwide menace of communism. In view of this deadly challenge, he urged newspapers across the land to re-examine their obligations in the light of global danger and, in presenting the news, to heed the duty of self-restraint. Kennedy ... speaking at the annual Waldorf-Astoria dinner of the Bureau of Advertising of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, suggested there is a need for greater public information, and at the same time a need for greater official secrecy...".
On April 28, 1961, President Kennedy explained what is meant by the term: "The Communist conspiracy".
We read The Address in Chicago at a Dinner of the Democratic Party of Cook County on April 28, 1961:
"Mayor Daley, Governor Kerner, Senator Douglas, Congressman Dawson, Chairman Cullerton ... ladies and gentlemen: ... We live in a hazardous and dangerous time. ... Now our great responsibility is to be the chief defender of freedom, in this time of maximum danger. Only the United States has the power and the resources and the determination.
We have committed ourselves to the defense of dozens of countries stretched around the globe who look to us for independence, who look to us for the defense of their freedom. We are prepared to meet our obligations, but we can only defend the freedom of those who are determined to be free themselves.
... The Russians and the Chinese, containing within their borders nearly a billion people, totally mobilized for the advance of the Communist system,
operating from narrow, interior lines of communication, pressuring on Southeast Asia with the masses of the Chinese armies potentially ready to move-of the Russians who hold great power potentially in the Middle East and Western Europe ...
There is no easy answer to the dilemmas that we face. Our great ally is the fact that people do desire to be free, that people will sacrifice everything in their desire to maintain their independence.
And as the true nature of the Communist conspiracy becomes better known around the globe, when people come to realize - as they surely will - that the Communist advance does not represent a means of liberation but represents a final enslavement, then I believe that they will rally to the cause to which we have given our support and our commitment".

The operation named the Bay of Pigs was launched in April 1961; the Cuban armed forces destroyed the invading force within three days; this failed action has caused repercussions among the leaders of the CIA, and were dismissed in autumn 1961, among others,
Director Allen Dulles, also
CIA Deputy Director Charles Cabell, and
Deputy Director for Plans Richard Mervin Bissell Jr.; on November 29th, 1961, the White House released about a resignation letter signed by Dulles.

Compare three speeches: 1961-2016.

At 'avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century' on the Military-Industrial Complex Speech, of Dwight D. Eisenhower, on January 17, 1961, we read:
"Perhaps best known for advocating that the nation guard against the potential influence of the military-industrial complex, a term he is credited with coining, the speech also expressed concerns about planning for the future and the dangers of massive spending, especially deficit spending, the prospect of the domination of science through Federal funding and, conversely, the domination of science-based public policy by what he called a 'scientific-technological elite'...".

John F. Kennedy in his Address before the American Newspaper Publishers Association, on April 27, 1961 acc. to 'jfklibrary.org/Research/Research-Aids/JFK-Speeches':
"...The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. ...
Today no war has been declared - and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired.
... It requires a change in outlook, a change in tactics, a change in missions - by the government, by the people, by every businessman or labor leader, and by every newspaper.
For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day.
It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations. Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined. Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed.
It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match."

And by 'charismanews.com/politics/events' -
Donald Trump on 10/14/2016, during a speech in Florida, Republican presidential nominee [said]:
"... The Washington establishment, and the financial and media corporations that fund it, exists for only one reason: to protect and enrich itself. The establishment has trillions of dollars at stake in this election. ...
This is not simply another 4-year election. This is a crossroads in the history of our civilization that will determine whether or not We the People reclaim control over our government.
The political establishment that is trying everything to stop us is the same group responsible for our disastrous trade deals, massive illegal immigration and economic and foreign policies that have bled this country dry. The political establishment has brought about the destruction of our factories and our jobs ...
It's a global power structure that is responsible for the economic decisions that have robbed our working class, stripped our country of its wealth, and put that money into the pockets of a handful of large corporations and political entities.
... The Clinton Machine is at the center of this power structure. ... The most powerful weapon deployed by the Clintons is the corporate media. ... For them, it is a war - and for them, nothing is out of bounds. This is a struggle for the survival of our nation. This election will determine whether we are a free nation, or whether we have only the illusion of Democracy but are in fact controlled by a small handful of global special interests rigging the system.
This is not just conspiracy but reality, and you and I know it. The establishment and their media enablers wield control over this nation through means that are well-known.
Anyone who challenges their control is deemed a sexist, a racist, a xenophobe and morally deformed.
They will attack you, they will slander you, they will seek to destroy your career and reputation. And they will lie, lie and lie even more.
... Our great civilization, here in America and across the civilized world, has come upon a moment of reckoning. We've seen it in the United Kingdom, where they voted to liberate themselves from global government and global trade deals and global immigration deals that have destroyed their sovereignty. ...
But the central base of world political power is here in America, and it is our corrupt political establishment that is the greatest power behind the efforts at radical globalization and the disenfranchisement of working people. Their financial resources are unlimited. Their political resources are unlimited. Their media resources are unlimited. And, most importantly, the depths of their immorality is unlimited. Our political establishment has no soul.
I knew these false attacks would come. I knew this day would arrive. And I knew the American people would rise above it and vote for the future they deserve. ... This is a conspiracy against you, the American people. This is our moment of reckoning as a society and as a civilization. ... This election is about every man, woman and child in our country who deserves to live in safety, prosperity and peace...".

At https://carolynyeager.net/ we read the April 2016 speech of Donald Trump:
"...No country has ever prospered that failed to put its own interests first. Both our friends and enemies put their countries above ours and we, while being fair to them, must do the same. We will no longer surrender this country, or its people, to the false song of globalism. The nation-state remains the true foundation for happiness and harmony. I am skeptical of international unions that tie us up and bring America down, and will never enter America into any agreement that reduces our ability to control our own affairs...".

And about November 25, 2016 began an unprecedented attack on Trump. Who led the attack?
Jill Ellen Stein born in 1950, an American physician, activist, and politician. Stein was born in Chicago, the daughter of Gladys Wool and Joseph Stein.
By Wikipedia: "...Her parents were from Russian Jewish families, and Stein was raised in a Reform Jewish household, attending Chicago's North Shore Congregation Israel, a Reform synagogue...".
She is the Ashkenazi Jewish family.
"Jill's paternal grandparents were Abraham 'Abe' Stein and Lillian / Lily Zeidman / Zudman (the daughter of Joseph Zeidman and Sarah Green). Abraham was a Jewish immigrant from Russia / Poland. Lillian was born in London, England, to Russian Jewish parents. Jill's maternal grandparents were Israel William Wool (the son of Aaron Wool and Rose Lerner) and Mae Surslossky / Swislow. Israel and Mae were Russian Jewish immigrants. Israel was from Volhynia [ex Poland]. Aaron was the son of Joseph Wool".
Above Abraham Stein b. 1903 in Latvia, d. 1971 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. We know on Abraham Stein b. 1905, died in 1971 in Pa, USA. The same ? ABRAHAM STEIN b. 1895, d. 1971 in Philadelphia.
Read more: locateancestors.com/abraham-stein. Place of Burial in Jenkintown, PA, USA - this is Philadelphia!
Abraham was the son of Morris Stein and Eva Stein; Abraham was the husband of Helen Stein - not Lillian.
Above Eva Stein (Glass) b. 1872 in Lithuania - ex Poland, died 1946 in Phila in Pennsylvania, United States. Mother of Ethel Stein; Abraham Stein; Benjamin Stein; Phillip Stein and Leon Stein. Above Morris Stein b. 1874 in Lithuania, d. 1950 in Phila, Pennsylvania, United States.

CBS News contributor, David_Leavitt says he hopes Donald Trump dies before being sworn in as President. David Leavitt / @David_Leavitt wrote down: "Trump died sleeping" - 3:49 AM - 30 Nov 2016 - Boston, MA [https://twitter.com/DrDavidDuke/status/803977428179808256].
David Leavitt born 1961, is an American writer of novels, short stories, and non-fiction.
He said - "I am the youngest son of a youngest son of a youngest son. ... All four of my grandparents were Jewish immigrants from the Pale of Settlement. Leavitt, a Mayflower name, is my grandfather's Americanization of Labovitz, which was in turn his father's Russianization of Lieb. Just as, in the Lithuania of the 1850s, a Russian name was considered better than a German name, so, in the Boston of the 1890s, a Mayflower name was considered better than a Russian name. My paternal grandfather, Joe Leavitt, owned a dress shop in Lynn. ... He and his wife, May, had eleven children... My father, Harold, was the baby of the family. He went to Harvard as an undergraduate, then earned his MA from Brown and his PhD from MIT. ...".
The Pale of Settlement "...was a western region of Imperial Russia with varying borders that existed from 1791 to 1917, in which permanent residency by Jews was allowed and beyond which Jewish permanent residency was generally prohibited. However, Jews were excluded from residency in a number of cities within the Pale, and a limited number of categories of Jews...", by Wikipedia.
Above Joseph Leavitt (Labovitz / Lieb) b. 1877 or 1878 in Lithuania / ex-Poland, died in Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States. Marriage: Massachusetts, USA. His father: Samuel Labovitz. Mother: Ida Sarah Apreyafski / Aprejawski. That is Samuel Labovitz b. 1838 in Russia and Ida Apreyafski.
Joseph Leavitt (Labovitz ) b. 1877 or 1878 in Lithuania / ex-Poland, married Mamie Lapata b. January 1880 in Kushan, the Kovno government, in Russia / Lithuania
[where ? - maybe Kurszany / Kursenai / Kuršenai, 23 km to Szawle / Siauliai; south-west of JONISKIS and Zagare, east of Telsiai / Telsze; in 1564 - Jerzy Despot-Zenowicz (1510-1583); then to the Pac family - Stefan Pac (1587-1640) in 1631 sold the estate to Jerzy Gruzewski (1600-1651) who was married to Marianna Podbereska (1590-?); Gruzewski - to 1939 [Jerzy Gruzewski killed in Majdanek]; mainly Jewish population. Kurszany in 1717 belonged to Jakub Gruzewski (1670-?), grandson of Jerzy; Jakub m. Anna Potocka (1680-?) - Pilawa; Kurszany ca 1800 to Stefan Gruzewski (1776-1826), m. Józefa Swiderska (1797-1826). In 1826 Edward and Wespazjan, taken all assets - Kurszany to Edward Gruzewski (1830-1896) {born 1810 ?}, m. Aniela Dymsza (1830-?). In 1811 in Kurszany was Stefan Gruzewski, who built a court - manor; next was Jan (1860-?), son of above named EDWARD, m. Helena Skowronska (1860-?), and the last was Jerzy Gruzewski (1890-1943), son of above JAN, m. Barbara Puzyna (1888-1939). Also read on Siauliai - see Billewicz, Pilsudski, ZUBOV; ZAGARY - see Zubov; JONISKIS - see Komorowski and Zubov];
marriage on 25 December 1898 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States.
Children were born since 1899 in Boston - to Stanley Leavitt b. 1918, Helen Labovitz (Leavitt) b. 1920, and last Harold Jack Leavitt b. 1922 in Lynn, Massachusetts, United States.
Above Joe Leavitt (Labovitz) married to Mamie Lapta / Mamie (Mae) Lapata (born 1880).



On December 5, 2016, speculation began that Tillerson was in consideration for the position of U.S. Secretary of State for the Administration of President-elect Donald Trump. On December 10th, 2016 Tillerson was the candidate for the position surpassing Mitt Romney and David Petraeus. Rex Wayne Tillerson born 1952, is an American businessman and is the chairman and CEO of Exxon Mobil Corporation, the fifth largest company by market capitalization.
On January 1, 2006, Tillerson was elected chairman and chief executive officer (CEO), following the retirement of Lee Raymond. Tillerson re-established his position of chairman and chief executive officer during a shareholder meeting on May 28, 2008. By Wikipedia: "The Rockefeller family sponsored a non-binding resolution to separate the CEO and chairman positions in order to maintain a system of checks and balances. The Rockefeller family also wanted Exxon Mobil to invest more in alternative energy. However, the resolution did not obtain the necessary majority and Tillerson held on to both the chairman and chief executive officer job titles".
At www.nybooks.com/articles, by David Kaiser and Lee Wasserman:
"...John D. Rockefeller founded Standard Oil, and ExxonMobil is Standard Oil's largest direct descendant. Other members of the Rockefeller family have been trying to get ExxonMobil to change its behavior for over a decade. ... Both as long-term shareholders in ExxonMobil and as environmentalists, many members of the Rockefeller family have been concerned about the company's behavior and its business model for a long time. In an effort that lasted for more than ten years, family members met repeatedly with senior ExxonMobil executives, including CEO Rex Tillerson, urging them to acknowledge what a grave threat climate change poses and to move more seriously into the field of clean energy. See: Neva Rockefeller Goodwin ... When Tillerson succeeded Lee Raymond as CEO of ExxonMobil at the start of 2006, Senators Jay Rockefeller and Olympia Snowe wrote him a letter accusing ExxonMobil of having contributed to the climate denial campaign by joining other corporations in sponsoring a 'pseudo-scientific, non-peer reviewed echo chamber. The goal has not been to prevail in the scientific debate, but to obscure it', ... The Rockefeller Brothers Fund has been an early leader in the movement to divest from fossil fuel companies. The ExxonMobil shareholder resolutions sponsored by Rockefellers were supported by a majority of adult family members, but, counting only descendants of John D. Rockefeller Jr.
[The Trilateral Commission
{Zbigniew Brzezinski, National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1981, professor at Columbia University, and a Rockefeller advisor who was a specialist on international affairs, left his post to organize the group; Brzezinski co-founded the Trilateral Commission with David Rockefeller, serving as director from 1973 to 1976. The Trilateral Commission is a group of prominent political and business leaders and academics primarily from the United States, Western Europe and Japan}
is a non-governmental, non-partisan discussion group founded by David Rockefeller in July 1973; David Rockefeller b. 1915, a former American banker who served as chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He is the oldest living member of the Rockefeller family; the son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, and the grandson of John D. Rockefeller and Laura Spelman Rockefeller. John Davison Rockefeller Sr. b. 1839, d. 1937, was an American oil industry business magnate and philanthropist; Rockefeller founded Standard Oil Company, Inc. in 1870 as an Ohio partnership with his brother William]
and their spouses and step-children, there are now over 270 living members of the family with different interests and different political perspectives...".



I compare data from the Russian and ex-Polish territories to the personnel systems in the US [beginning in 1932/1933 and 1963/1966] and in the USSR [privatization and economic changes from 1987 to 1990, in the Soviet Union and then also in Russia].

At the beginning a few words about Allen Welsh Dulles (1893 - 1969), an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence; Dulles graduated from Princeton University, where he participated in the American Whig-Cliosophic Society.
American Whig-Cliosophic Society / Whig-Clio's members:
William Paterson, founded the Cliosophic Society, Founding Father, signer of the Constitution, second governor of New Jersey, Supreme Court Justice; Oliver Ellsworth, Founding Father, drafter of the Constitution, drafter of the Judiciary Act of 1789; James Madison, Federalist Papers author, Father of the Constitution, fourth President of the United States; Woodrow Wilson; John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State, one of the most famous diplomats of the 20th century; Allen W. Dulles, second Director of the Council on Foreign Relations, first civilian CIA Director.

Above named Allen Welsh Dulles was head of the Central Intelligence Agency during the early Cold War, following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dulles was one of the members of the Warren Commission. Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, an international law firm headquartered in New York.
His older brother, John Foster Dulles, was the Secretary of State during the Eisenhower Administration.
"... His maternal grandfather was John W. Foster, who was Secretary of State under Benjamin Harrison, while his uncle by marriage, Robert Lansing served as Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson".

By Wikipedia:
"... Later in life Dulles claimed to have been telephoned by the then obscure Vladimir Lenin, seeking a meeting with the American embassy on April 8, 1917. ... There he had the opportunity to meet with Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Maxim Litvinov, and the leaders of Britain and France. ... The Soviet Union captured a U-2 in 1960 during Dulles' term as CIA chief. ... During the Kennedy Administration, Dulles faced increasing criticism. In autumn 1961, following the Bay of Pigs incident and Algiers putsch against Charles de Gaulle, Dulles and his entourage, including Deputy Director for Plans Richard M. Bissell, Jr. and Deputy Director Charles Cabell, were forced to resign. ... November 29, 1961, the White House released a resignation letter signed by Dulles". On November 29, 1963, President Lyndon Baines Johnson appointed Dulles as one of seven commissioners of the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of the U.S. President John F. Kennedy. The appointment was later criticized by some historians".

'The Pilgrims Society', founded in 1902, is a British-American society established, 'to promote ... peace between the United States and Great Britain'.
The elite membership of politicians and diplomats "... have included Henry Kissinger, Margaret Thatcher, Caspar Weinberger, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Henry Luce, Lord Carrington, Alexander Haig, Paul Volcker, Thomas Kean and Walter Cronkite ... Nelson W. Aldrich, Winthrop W. Aldrich, Admiral William J. Crowe, Allen W. Dulles, John Foster Dulles, W. Averell Harriman...", and Joseph P. Kennedy.
Named above Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Sr. (1888 - 1969) was an American politician, with his children: President John F. Kennedy (1917 - 1963), Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1925 - 1968), and Senator Ted Kennedy (1932 - 2009). He was a member of the Irish Catholic community. He was the Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. "Joe Kennedy Sr. was also part of several elite orders, such as the Knights of Malta and the Pilgrim Society, a highly secretive group that held within its ranks members including the Rockefellers, the Vanderbilts, J. P. Morgan, British Royals, various heads of the Skull and Bones society, Freemasons, Knights Templar and Presidents of the Federal Reserve Bank ... The Pilgrim Society is probably the most influential 'elite group' in existence".
By William Weston: "Another influential person in Freeport Sulphur was John (Jock) Whitney. He was a member of the pro-British, anti-American Pilgrim Society according to Congressman Thorkelson who made some remarks regarding the Pilgrims in 1940. Jock's father and grandfather were members of Skull and Bones and Jock himself was a knight of St. John of Jerusalem and honorary commander of the Order of the British Empire, according to Prof. Donald Gibson. He also belonged to the Metropolitan Club with Allen Dulles. That Freeport Sulphur is a representative client of Doyle Smith and Doyle highlights the conspiratorial significance of that mysterious law firm". In 2000, over 81% of Americans believed that JFK’s assassination was planned by more than just a lone gunman, making it one of the most widely accepted conspiracy theories in US history.
"...Kennedy's firing of Allen Dulles as head of the CIA alone is likely to have squared him with the Eastern Establishment. Dulles grew up with the Rockefeller family and became an executive of the Pilgrims Society, which has always been dominated by the major banks and think tanks in New York. The New York Times, Time magazine, Newsweek, CBS and other media outlets were part of this network". "...Helms came from an elite Pilgrims Society family, was close to the aristocratic Mellon family (Pilgrims; close to the Rothschilds and British royal family) during his term as director of the CIA, joined Bechtel as a consultant in 1978 and is known to have visited Henry Kissinger's birthday party in 1983, along with David Rockefeller (Pilgrims), Peter Peterson (Pilgrims), George Shultz (Pilgrims), Walter Cronkite (Pilgrims), LBJ's widow and Helmut Schmidt. Allen Dulles became an executive member of the Pilgrims Society and was a youth friend of the Rockefellers. John McCloy, who was appointed to the Warren Commission along with Allen Dulles, was another Pilgrim and major Rockefeller representative....".

At margin to above: Stephen Kinzer (born 1951) is an American author, his book, 'The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret War', delves into the personal beliefs and perspectives of the Dulles brothers and those associated with them.

An interesting fact is that in 1920, Ferdinand's (von Mohrenschildt) nephew Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, the older brother of George, arrived in the United States and entered Yale University.
"... His admission was likely smoothed by the connections of the Harriman family; Dimitri von Mohrenschildt after graduating from Yale, was offered a position teaching the exclusive Loomis School near Hartford, Connecticut, where John D. Rockefeller III was a student".

Above named John Davison Rockefeller III (b. 1906 - died in 1978) was a philanthropist, he was the eldest son of John D. Rockefeller Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. His siblings were Abby, Nelson, Laurance, Winthrop, and David.

Above
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (b. 1874 - d. 1960) was an American financier and he was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller. He is commonly referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior".

Above mentioned
David Rockefeller (born 1915) is an American banker, chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He is grandchild of John D. Rockefeller and Laura Spelman.
"... Displeased with the refusal of the Bilderberg meetings to include Japan, Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. The Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Trilateral Commission members, including Clinton himself; both Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush had consulted the think tank".

Above
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (b. 1928) is a Polish-American geostrategist, "... who served as a counselor to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 - to 1968 and was President Jimmy Carter's National Security Advisor from 1977 - to 1981. ... Brzezinski became Carter's principal foreign policy advisor by late 1975. After his victory in 1976, Carter made Brzezinski National Security Advisor. ... The State Department was alarmed by Brzezinski's support for East German dissidents and objected to his suggestion that Carter's first overseas visit be to Poland. He visited Warsaw, met with Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski (against the objection of the U.S. Ambassador to Poland) ... Brzezinski briefed U.S. vice-president George H. W. Bush before his 1987 trip to Poland that aided in the revival of the Solidarity movement. ... Brzezinski is married to Czech-American sculptor Emilie Benes (grand-niece of the second Czechoslovak president, Edvard Benes) ... His son, Mark Brzezinski (b. 1965), ... served on President Clinton's National Security Council as an expert on Russia and Southeastern Europe and who was a partner in McGuire Woods LLP, serves as the US ambassador to Sweden.
... Brzezinski co-founded the Trilateral Commission with David Rockefeller, serving as director from 1973 to 1976. ... Brzezinski selected Georgia governor Jimmy Carter as a member".
"On March 30, 1981, early into the administration, Reagan was shot and seriously wounded in Washington, D.C., George H. W. Bush, second in command by the presidential line of succession, was in Fort Worth, Texas, and flew back to Washington immediately...".
"... In 1985, under the Reagan administration, Brzezinski served as a member of the President's Chemical Warfare Commission. From 1987 to 1988, he [Zbigniew Brzezinski] worked on the U.S. National Security Council - Defense Department Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy. From 1987 to 1989 he also served on the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. ... In 1988, Brzezinski was co-chairman of the Bush National Security Advisory Task Force and endorsed Bush for president, breaking with the Democratic party. ...".

Leszek Moczulski, who toured Western Europe [December 1986] and the United States, on the 27th, April 1987, met vice president George Bush in Washington.
Vice President George H. W. Bush / George Walker Bush (born 1946) - an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009 and 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. "... He attended Yale University ... and a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon, ... became a member of the Skull and Bones society as a senior".

Delta Kappa Epsilon is the North American fraternity, members have included five Presidents of the United States: Rutherford B. Hayes, Theodore Roosevelt, Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush.

Skull and Bones is an undergraduate senior secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Among prominent alumni are former President and Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft, former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush; James Jesus Angleton, "mother of the Central Intelligence Agency"; Henry Stimson, U.S. Secretary of War, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett; John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State; Harold Stanley, co-founder of Morgan Stanley.

By Wikipedia:
"...Soros was born in Budapest, to a non-observant Jewish family. His mother, Elizabeth (also known as Erzsébet), came from a family that owned a thriving silk shop.
His father, Tivadar, (also known as Teodoro) was a lawyer ... and after World War I ... he escaped from Russia and rejoined his family in Budapest. ... Soros later said that he grew up in a Jewish home and that his parents were cautious with their religious roots. In 1936, his father changed the family name from Schwartz ("black" in German) to Soros (a successor in Hungarian or will soar in Esperanto). ... in March 1944 when Nazi Germany occupied Hungary ... Jewish children were barred from attending school by the Nazis, Soros and the other schoolchildren were made to report to the Jewish Council, which had been established during the occupation. ... I was told to go to the Jewish Council. And there I was given these small slips of paper ... It said report to the rabbinical seminary at 9 am ... And I was given this list of names. I took this piece of paper to my father. He instantly recognized it. This was a list of Hungarian Jewish lawyers. He said, "You deliver the slips of paper and tell the people that if they report they will be deported." Soros did not return to that job and went into hiding the next day.
Later that year, at age 14, Soros lived with and posed as the godson of an employee of the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture. The official was at one point ordered to inventory the remaining contents of the estate of a wealthy Jewish family that had fled the country; rather than leave Soros alone in the city, the official brought him along. ... 1945, Soros survived the Battle of Budapest, in which Soviet and German forces fought house to house through the city.
In 1947 Soros emigrated to England... In 1954 Soros began his financial career at the merchant bank Singer & Friedlander of London. ...
In 1956 Soros moved to New York city, where he worked as an arbitrage trader for F. M. Mayer (1956 - 59). ... From 1963 to 1973, Soros's experience as a vice president at Arnhold and S. Bleichroeder resulted in little enthusiasm for the job; ... In 1969 Soros set up the Double Eagle hedge fund with $4m of investors' capital including $250,000 of his own money. It was based in Curaçao, Dutch Antilles. ...".

George Soros at the turn of the 80s and 90s in Poland supported the reforms that have contributed to the consolidation of the post-communist structures. The financier came to Poland already on May 8, 1988; Soros met, among others, with gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, and the Prime Minister Mieczyslaw Rakowski. But actually the Stefan Batory Foundation was established earlier - Soros established the Stefan Batory Foundation on the 5 November 1987 in New York and legalized in the General New York Consulate of the People's Polish Republic. George Soros in the US, is known primarily as a critic of George Bush and the supporter of Barack Obama.
And at the same time the fight about money and influences lasted also on another front. "In June 1988, the European Council meeting in Hanover, Germany, set up the Committee for the Study of Economic and Monetary Union, chaired by the then President of the Commission, Jacques Delors, and including all EC central bank governors. Their unanimous report, submitted in April 1989, defined the monetary union objective as a complete liberalisation of capital movements, full integration of financial markets, irreversible convertibility of currencies, irrevocable fixing of exchange rates, and the possible replacement of national currencies with a single currency...", at http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance.
Professor Witold Kieżun wrote:
"On May 8, 1988, George Soros arrived to Poland. ... Then, [Jeffrey David Sachs] Jeffrey Sax, funded by George Soros, a young Harvard professor, arrived to Poland. ... he develops a program, which is now called the Balcerowicz program, but this is not the Balcerowicz program...", by http://journal-neo.org/ Jeffrey David Sachs born in 1954, "is an American economist and director of The Earth Institute at Columbia University, where he holds the title of University Professor...". In Poland advised on how to convert to a market economy, not on whether to be free-market like the US or social democratic like Scandinavia. Sachs worked in Poland intensive from April 1989 to end-1991.

"Kaupthing Singer & Friedlander was a financial services provider offering corporate and investment banking services to small and medium-sized companies, as well as wealth management services for high-net-worth individuals. Primary areas of activity were treasury, investment management, capital markets services, asset finance, and private banking. The company was created in August 2006 by the merger of Singer & Friedlander Plc and Icelandic Kaupthing Bank. The UK government put the company into administration in October 2008 in response to the failure of its parent as a result of the financial crisis of 2007 - 08.".
1907: Julius Singer founds London brokerage. 1920: The company is incorporated as Singer & Friedlander. 1957: The company is listed on the London stock exchange. 1963: Regional expansion occurs; a Birmingham office is opened. 1971: Singer & Friedlander (Isle of Man) Ltd. is launched. 1987: Singer & Friedlander becomes an independent bank. 1991: Collins Stewart is acquired.
1994:
Carnegie Group (Sweden) is acquired.
1998: The company exits from capital markets operations. 2000: The company spins off Collins Stewart. 2001: Carnegie Group is listed on the Swedish stock exchange.
Carnegie Investment Bank AB is a Swedish financial services group with activities in securities brokerage, investment banking, asset management and private banking. In the wake of the economic crisis of 2008 Carnegie Investment Bank AB was nationalized on November 10, 2008.
Carnegie was established as a trading company in 1803 when David Carnegie, Sr., a Scotsman, founded D. Carnegie & Co AB in Gothenburg.
The management of the company was later succeeded by Carnegie's nephew, David Carnegie Jr., who later returned to Scotland, leaving the company, which by then had considerable interests in brewing and sugar production, in the hands of Oscar Ekman.
David Carnegie, Sr. (8 February 1772, Montrose, Angus – 10 January 1837) was a Scottish entrepreneur who founded D. Carnegie & Co. in Gothenburg, Sweden, today known as Carnegie Investment Bank.
At geni.com:
David Carnegie Jr b. 1813 and died in 1890 in Stirling, Scotland; son of James Carnegie and Margaret Gillespie;
above James Carnegie b. 1773 and died 1851 was son of George Carnegie and Susan Scott; husband of Margaret Gillespie; father of mentioned above David Carnegie Jr.
Susan Mary Ann Carnegie 1819 - died 1859, daughter of above named David Carnegie Senior and Anna Christina Beckman; wife of above David Carnegie Jr.
Above David Carnegie Senior 1772 in Charleton, Fife, Scotland; died 1837 in Göteborg; son of George Carnegie and Susan Scott; husband of Anna Christina Beckman; father of Susan Mary Ann Carnegie; George Carnegie; David Carnegie and Maria Mathilda Carnegie; brother of James Carnegie and John Carnegie.

See: Fife, Scotland at my domain:
Andrew Carnegie b. 1835, a Scottish-American industrialist. Born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; he built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which he sold to J. P. Morgan in 1901; starting in 1853, Thomas A. Scott of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company employed Carnegie as a secretary / telegraph operator;
Thomas Alexander Scott b. 1823, an American businessman, railroad executive, was appointed in 1861 by President Abraham Lincoln as the U.S. Assistant Secretary of War during the American Civil War; Scott's protege Andrew Carnegie later challenged the Rockefeller monopoly in petroleum from his dominance of the steel industry.

More on Fife [south of Perth, and north of Edinburgh; east of Stirling!] and Stirling [RUTHERFORD; John Robison (1739 - 1805); Alexander Ramsay, Lieutenant to the 57th Bengal Native Infantry; Colin McVean and Mary Wood Cowan; Tillicoultry is located 18 km east of Stirling! Whitehill - 15 km south-east of Edinburgh], Scotland at my
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html More on the Global Network here:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan/Angela_Merkel_Bronislaw_Komorowski/John_Fitzgerald_Kennedy_George_von_Mohrenschildt/Templars_Illuminati_Freemasons/index.html
By David Swanson:
"... a primary influence on both of them in their peace philanthropy was the same person, a woman who met them both in person and was in fact very close friends with Nobel -
Bertha von Suttner.
... Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) and Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) lived in an era with fewer super-wealthy individuals than today; and even Carnegie’s wealth did not match that of today’s wealthiest. ... Both men had immigrated in their youth, Nobel from Sweden to Russia at age 9, Carnegie from Scotland to the United States at age 12. Both were sickly...".



Below compares data from the Wloclawek - Radziejow area [and not only, of course - my scientific research] to the personnel systems in the US and of the USSR [privatization and economic changes from 1987 to 1990, in the Soviet Union and then also in Russia].

1.
Leszek Moczulski, who toured Western Europe [December 1986] and the United States, on the 27th, April 1987, met vice president George Bush in Washington.

2.

In 1982, Chubais was introduced to the future Prime Minister of Russia Yegor Gaidar;
by 1987, "[copyright by Wikipedia] Chubais had become the organizer of the Leningrad chapter of the club Perestroyka whose mission was to promote and discuss democratic ideas
... Among the people involved were his brother, Igor, who had founded the Moscow-based chapter of Perestroyka and Perestroyka-88 clubs, future Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexei Kudrin, future Chubais associates Pyotr Mostovoy and Alexander Kazakov;
the future President of Saint Petersburg bank Vladimir Kogan;
future Minister of Anti-Monopoly Policy and Entrepreneurship Support Ilya Yuzhanov, and future Deputy Governor of Saint Petersburg Mikhail Manevich".

Named above Vladimir Kogan b. 1963, Leningrad, the Russian banker, Chairman of the bank "Uralsib"; his father - Igor Kogan, b. 1936, co-operated with David Traktovenko; owned the company "Baltic Leasing".
Uncle - Vladimir Sverdlov, was vice-president of the "banking house of St. Petersburg".
Vladimir Kogan b. 1963 was the son of Tsilia (Lusia) Kogan, nee Katsnelson, 1930 - 2011, daughter of Moisey Katsnelson and Buniya Katsnelson, 1906 - 1981 - daughter of Roxmiel Gorelik and Perla Gorelik.

I leave no comment to these data [principally encyclopaedic data], counting on the knowledge and insights of a readers:

A.

Konstantin Kagalovsky - [by WikiVisually] - Konstantin Grigoryevich Kagalovsky born 1957, is a Russian businessman. He is a key Yukos shareholder, and the former Russian representative to the International Monetary Fund (IMF); the owner of the Ukrainian TV channel TVi. In the late 1980s, he was a member of a group of young free-market economists, and was a close associate of Anatoly Chubais, who has been both praised and criticised for his involvement in the mass privatization of state assets after the fall of the Soviet Union. In November 1994, he became the deputy chairman of Bank Menatep, and was a close associate of jailed oligarch Mikhail Khodorkovsky and his colleague, Platon Lebedev. In 1999 he became the vice-president of Yukos. In 1999, he, his wife Natasha Kagalovsky, an executive at the Bank of New York, and Bruce Rappaport, a major shareholder of Bank of New York were accused of money laundering, however they denied any wrongdoing, and charges were never filed.

B.

Named above Baruch "Bruce" Rappaport b. 1922, was an international banker and financier. He was born in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine to Russian-Jewish emigre parents.

Bruce Rappaport was involved in banking, industry, and politics on the island of Antigua. By Wikipedia: Bruce Rappaport, Maurice Sarfati, and Yair Klein were involved in the Guns for Antigua scandal which involved the shipment of Israeli-made weapons through Antigua to the Medellin drug cartel in Colombia. The affair was exposed by the Louis Blom-Cooper Royal Commission, following the discovery that several murders in Colombia had been perpetrated with Israeli guns that had been shipped through Antigua and were ostensibly for the Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force, which is equipped for free by the United States.

C.

Above mentioned Yair Klein / Jair Klein, is a former lieutenant colonel of the Israeli army, who established a private mercenary company called Spearhead Ltd. Through Spearhead Ltd, Klein provided arms and training to armed forces in South America, Lebanon, and Sierra Leone. Klein and his company have been accused of training the death-squads of drug traffickers and right-wing militias in Colombia in the 1980s. On 3 April 2007 Interpol issued an international arrest warrant for Yair Klein and two other Israeli collaborators, Melnik Ferri and Tzedaka Abraham, on charges of criminal conspiracy and instruction in terrorism.

D.

Above Mikhail Khodorkovsky - Khodorkovsky's parents, Boris and Marina Khodorkovsky, were 'engineers in Moscow who spent their entire careers at a measuring-instruments factory', writes Masha Gessen. Khodorkovsky's father was Jewish, and his mother was Russian Orthodox.

Mikhail Borisovich Khodorkovsky born 1963, is an exiled Russian businessman, philanthropist and former oligarch, now resident in Switzerland. By Wiki: he had worked his way up the Komsomol apparatus during the Soviet years, and started several businesses during the period of glasnost and perestroika in the late 1980s. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, in the mid-1990s, he accumulated considerable wealth through obtaining control of a series of Siberian oil fields unified under the name Yukos, one of the major companies to emerge from the privatization of state assets during the 1990s (a scheme known as "Loans for Shares"). In October 2003, he was arrested and charged with fraud. At the end of 2014, he was said to be worth about $500 million, although he insisted that the sum was only $100 million.

E.

Above Anatoly Borisovich Chubais born 1955, a Russian politician and businessman who was responsible for privatization in Russia as an influential member of Boris Yeltsin's administration in the early 1990s. By Wiki: "...Currently, he is the head of the Russian Nanotechnology Corporation (RUSNANO). He has been a member of the Advisory Council for JPMorgan Chase since September 2008 and a member of global board of advisers at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) since October 2012. ...

His father Boris Matveyevich Chubais, a retired army colonel and veteran of World War II, worked as a lecturer of Philosophy; his mother, Raisa Efimovna Sagal, received a degree in economics at university.

... This privatization program later came under heavy criticism. While most Russian citizens lost their savings in only a few weeks, a few oligarchs became billionaires by arbitraging the vast difference between old domestic prices for Russian commodities and the prices prevailing on the world market. The people who benefited from this arbitrage became known as "kleptocrats" because they stashed billions of dollars in Swiss bank accounts rather than investing in the Russian economy. ... Chubais participated in the Bilderberg Club session in Ternberi (possibly the conference resort at Turnberry), Scotland in 1998, and co-chaired the Round Table of Industrialists of Russia ...".

Named above Raisa Efimovna Sagal is the mother of Anatoly Chubais. Raisa Haimovna Sagal (1918-2004), was a citizen of the State of Israel. Her father: Haim Sagal. Mother - Raisa Haimovna Sagal lived in ISRAEL. Before emigrating to Medinat Yisrael this lady was a simple cashier.

F.

1999, Janine R. Wedel, associate professor at the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh, is the author of "Collision and Collusion: The Strange Case of Western Aid to Eastern Europe."

... Among those under investigation in the West for money laundering is longtime Yeltsin aide Anatoly B. Chubais, the chief architect of Russia's economic reforms. While under investigation in Russia for matters ranging from suspect banking deals to bribery, Chubais and his clique of political and financial power brokers, known as the "Chubais clan," were the darlings of the U.S. Treasury and international financial institutions. With Treasury Secretary Lawrence H. Summers the key architect of U.S. economic policy toward Russia since 1993, the administration gave the Chubais clan much control over hundreds of million of dollars in aid.

... The clan worked closely with the Harvard Institute for International Development, whose Russia project was headed by economist Andrei Shleifer, Summers' coauthor and protege. ...

Another "reformer" was Konstantin Kagalovsky, an old friend of the Chubais clan and husband of Natasha Kagalovsky, who was suspended by the Bank of New York in the money-laundering scandal. In charge of incoming foreign aid in 1991, Kagalovsky was sent to Washington to be Russia's first liaison to the International Monetary Fund. After serving in the post from 1992 to 1995, he returned to Russia in time to participate in the loans-for-shares scam. As deputy head of Menatep bank, Kagalovsky presided over the "auction" of Yukos, a large oil company. As it turned out, Menatep acquired the company in the auction, a deal that the Chubais group clearly had approved. ... Copyright by Los Angeles Times.

G.

Vladimir Putin & Hillary Clinton - Common financial interests - Vladimir Putin's political mentor, Anatoly Chubais, is Chairman of Putin's favored funding front - Rusnano (Russian Nanotechnology Corporation). Bill and Hillary's closest advisor, John Podesta, has been associated with various Dutch companies in which Podesta and Chubais have been directors and in which Rusnano invested $35 million. If this weren't close enough, one of the investors with Rusnano is the Wyss Foundation that made an up to $5 million donation to The Clinton Foundation.

"... Chubais helped lead the disastrous Russian privatization voucher program in the early 1990's pressed by then World Bank chief economist, Larry Summers. Summers later served alongside Podesta in the Clinton and Obama White Houses. Summers' aids in the Russian privatization debacle were Sheryl K. Sandberg and Yuri Milner, who were later placed in charge of global email and social networking via Gmail, Mail.ru, Facebook and VKontakte. In short, this small group has taken over the Internet by exploiting state powers using the social networking invention stolen from Columbus innovator Leader Technologies as well as core Internet inventions by others...".
More: 'americans4innovation.blogspot.co.uk/2016', October 2016.

Note on the above YURI MILNER:
Bentsion Zakharovitch Milner / Benzion / Boris Z. Milner b. 1929, d. 2013, Soviet and Russian economist, was in 1969-1976 the Head in the US and Canada Institute of the USSR Academy; 1987 to 2000 - first deputy director of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. his wife - Betty Iosifovna Milner / Betty Milner, the doctor-virologist; the son - Yuri Milner, the Internet investor, co-founder of Mail.ru Group and the DST Global owner. Yuri Milner was born into a Jewish family in 1961 in Moscow. Yuri Milner in 2012 was the investor of the 23andMe, Inc. / 23 and Me, the leading genetics company, together with Sergey Brin, and Anne Wojcicki.

Anne Wojcicki / Anne E. Wojcicki born 1973, is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder and chief executive officer of the personal genomics company 23andMe. She was formerly married to Google Co-Founder Sergey Brin.
Wojcicki, is daughter of Esther Wojcicki (née Hochman), an educator of Russian Jewish descent, and Stanley Wojcicki, a physics professor emeritus at Stanford University. Her mother is Jewish and her father is a Polish-born American. Her sisters Susan Wojcicki, CEO of YouTube and a former executive at Google.
Named above Susan Diane Wojcicki born 1968, is the current CEO of YouTube.
Anne Wojcicki grew up on the Stanford campus, with George Dantzig as a neighbor.
Esther Denise Hochman "Woj" Wojcicki is an American journalist, educator, and vice chair of the Creative Commons board of directors.
Both of Wojcicki's parents were Russian Jewish immigrants who came to New York City in the 1930s.
Esther, Denise Hochman Wojcicki was born to Philip Hochman and Rebecca Hochman.
Rebecca Hochman 1910 - 2004 was the daughter of Abraham Srubinsky and Leah Srubinsky b. 1874. Rebecca was the sister of Edward Rubin 1906 - 1981. Above Abraham Srubinsky b. ca 1874, d. 1973, son of Shimon Aron Srubisky and Kuna Liba; Shimon Aron Srubisky b. ca 1839, son of
Nosson Faitel Srubinsky from DVINSK / Dyneburg / Daugavpils !! and Zelda.
Nechameh Srubinsky Zelbovitz (Steinman) b. ca 1828 / 1840 in Dvinsk, Latvia.
[Note at margin - in Dyneburg / Dvinsk was living Jozef Konstantynowicz - see: Kochanowicze of the CHRAPOWICKI family - see BOUVIER and KENNEDY - is situated close to Borówka, Wierchniedżwińsk (Dryssa) 13 km, Oświej (17.6 km) - see MALKIEWICZ / Konstantynowicz; and near to SWOLNA - Wankowicz of Kaluzyce from the Berezyno parish - Konstantynowicz; Chrapowicki; Zarako-Zarakowski - see Polish prosecutor of the Stalin period and Jozef Konstantynowicz, brother of Stanislaw from MIEZONKA].

Acc. to http://www.thejewishweek.com - Russian-Jewish philanthropist and entrepreneur Yuri Milner is investing $100 million in an interstellar project that includes Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and Nobel laureate Stephen Hawking. Yuri Milner, has a net worth of $3.2 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. He made his billions by investing on Facebook, Twitter and Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. Acc. to http://jewishbusinessnews.com - A $100 million project to search the skies for signs of intelligent life was launched at the Royal Society in London by Russian billionaire and tech investor Yuri Milner, Professor Stephen Hawking and Lord Martin Rees.
Yuri Milner, born 1961, was the second child of a Jewish family known scientist-economist Benzion (Boris) Zakharovich Milner. In 1999, Milner and Finger created the company NCH netBridge. In 2000, Milner became president "Netbridzh Services" Ltd.
- "a company that was, in the words of Milner, created as an Internet incubator and investment fund and in less than a year of operation has become one of the market leaders. Then the company NetBridge and Port.ru reported their merger, and Milner became CEO of the new company Mail.ru. Now Mail.ru Group capitalization is $ 8.1 billion, exceeding the capitalization of "Yandex" - $ 7.6 billion".

Above mentioned:
Mentioned above Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin b. 1973, is a Soviet-born American computer scientist, internet entrepreneur.
Together with Larry Page, he co-founded Google. Brin is President of Alphabet Inc. According to Forbes List October 2016, he is the 12th richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of US$39.2 billion.
Acc. to http://www.biography.com:
"...His family emigrated to the United States to escape Jewish persecution in 1979. He met Larry Page at Stanford University, and the two created a search engine that would sort web pages based on popularity. They named the search engine "Google," based on the mathematical term "googol." Since its launch in 1998, Google has become the most popular search engine in the world. ... After raising $1 million from family, friends and other investors, the pair launched the company in 1998. Headquartered in the heart of California's Silicon Valley, Google held its initial public offering in August 2004, making Brin and Page billionaires. Google has since become the world's most popular search engine, receiving an average of 5.9 billion searches per day in 2013. ... According to Forbes.com, as of September 2013, Brin's net worth was $24.4 billion. As director of special projects at Google, Brin shared the company's day-to-day responsibilities with Page, who served as Google's CEO, and Eric Schmidt, executive chairman of the company. ...".
Brin immigrated to the United States with his family from the Soviet Union at the age of 6, in 1979.
By Wikipedia: Brin was born in Moscow in the Soviet Union, to Russian Jewish parents, Yevgenia and Mikhail Brin, both graduates of Moscow State University (MSU). His father is a mathematics professor at the University of Maryland, and his mother a researcher at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. Sergey's father explained:
"Communist Party heads barred Jews from upper professional ranks by denying them entry to universities, Jews were excluded from the physics department, in particular, at the prestigious Moscow State University, because Soviet leaders did not trust them with nuclear rocket research."
In 1977, after his father returned from a mathematics conference in Warsaw, Poland, Mikhail Brin announced that it was time for the family to emigrate.
Mikhail Izrailevich / Michael Brin b. 1948, Moscow - his father, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Israel Abramovich Brin (1919 in Saratov - 2011) was an assistant professor in the electromechanical department of Moscow Power Engineering Institute (1944-1998), author; work experience during the Second World war: Stalingrad, Aviation Plant.

Above mentioned:
George Dantzig / George Bernard Dantzig, 1914 - 2005, an American mathematical scientist; Dantzig solved problems in statistical theory, "which he had mistaken for homework after arriving late to a lecture of Jerzy Neyman [by Wikipedia]".

Jerzy Neyman b. 1894, born Yuri Cheslavovich Neyman / Jerzy Splawa-Neyman, was a Polish mathematician and statistician;
he was born into a noble Polish family in Bendery, in the Bessarabia Governorate of the Russian Empire, son of Czeslaw Splawa-Neyman and Kazimiera Lutoslawska. His family was Roman Catholic; at Kharkov University in 1912, where he was taught by Sergei Natanovich Bernstein. In 1938 he moved to Berkeley.
Czeslaw Neyman 1852 - 1906, son of Hermogenes (Jan Nepomucen) Splawa-Neyman and Helena WISZNIOWSKA / Wisniowska b. 1814; above Hermogenes (Jan Nepomucen) Splawa-Neyman, 1802 in Zdzary, d. 1867, son of Ludwik Neyman and Marianna OSEKOWSKA.
Above Zdzary, close to Grójec, and Nowe Miasto nad Pilica.
See - Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768. His father was Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno. Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of Gutowska, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary 1802, Zatopolice close to Radom, Przybyszew / Przybyszewo, Lubania and Porów; burned in Przybyszewo, but his heart in Lubania. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto - see Kiedrzynski! Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica! He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sulkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow. Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczynskis land, then in 1791 to Mielzynski. We back to Neyman: above Ludwik Jakub Neyman 1771 - 1845, was the son of Mateusz Splawa-Neyman and Marianna. Above Marianna Zwolinska, died 1809 in Poznan, was from the TRYCEN family. Above named Mateusz Splawa-Neyman, died 1798 in Sieroslaw. Next of kin to Moszczenski and Mycielski. Above named Sieroslaw, west of POZNAN - in 1783 to Michal Neyman; 1765 to Karol Jerzykowski.

H.

Above Sheryl Sandberg was named in the Time 100 in 2012, an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world according to Time magazine. "... Ms. Sandberg’s personal wealth is reported to be in the region of $400 million, thanks to her stock holdings in Facebook as well as other companies. ... Sheryl Sandberg was born in Washington, D.C, ... Ms. Sandberg graduated Harvard College ... being awarded the highly prestigious John H. Williams Prize for the top graduating student in her subject. While studying at Harvard, Ms. Sandberg first got to know Larry Summers who was teaching at the college. After graduation Summers asked Sheryl to join him as his research assistant at the World Bank reporting on important health projects funded by the bank in India. Sheryl was to remain at the World Bank for around twelve months during 1993, before enrolling at the Harvard Business School ...

Sheryl Sandberg began her professional career as a management consultant for McKinsey & Company, before the meeting her professional association with Larry Summers, by then United States Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Bill Clinton.

From 1996 to 2001, Sandberg held the role of Summer's Chief of Staff, playing a major part in the Treasury's mission of forgiving debt in the developing world. Ms. Sandberg left the Treasury to join Google Inc. in 2001, remaining there until early 2008, when she was appointed by Facebook to become their COO. Sheryl Sandberg is a key figure in the Facebook management team...".

I.

Mentioned above Yuri Borisovich (Bentsionovich) Milner, born 1961, is a Russian entrepreneur, venture capitalist and physicist. He founded investment firms Digital Sky Technologies (DST), now called Mail.ru Group and DST Global.

Through DST Global, Milner is an investor in Facebook, Zynga, Twitter, Flipkart, Spotify, Zocdoc, Groupon, JD.com, Planet Labs, Xiaomi, OlaCabs, Alibaba, Habito, Wish and many others.

Milner's personal investments also include a stake in 23andMe and Beepi.

Named William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton born William Jefferson Blythe III in 1946, is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Clinton was Governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and 1983 to 1992, and Arkansas Attorney General from 1977 to 1979; he was a member of Kappa Kappa Psi and the Phi Beta Kappa Society and earned a Rhodes Scholarship to attend the University of Oxford. Clinton was elected President in 1992, defeating incumbent George H. W. Bush.

J.

Above The World Bank [under copyright by Wikipedia] is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. It comprises two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), and the International Development Association (IDA). The World Bank is a component of the World Bank Group, which is part of the United Nations system. On 23 March 2012, U.S. President Barack Obama announced that the United States would nominate Jim Yong Kim as the next president of the Bank.

K.

Mentioned Larry Summers - Lawrence Henry "Larry" Summers is an American economist who is President Emeritus and Charles W. Eliot University Professor of Harvard University. Summers became a professor of economics at Harvard University in 1983. He left Harvard in 1991, working as the Chief Economist at the World Bank from 1991 to 1993. In 1993, Summers was appointed Undersecretary for International Affairs of the United States Department of the Treasury under the Clinton Administration. In 1995, he was promoted to Deputy Secretary of the Treasury under his mentor Robert Rubin [under copyright by Wikipedia]. After his departure from Harvard, Summers worked as a managing partner at the hedge fund D. E. Shaw & Co., and as a freelance speaker at other financial institutions, including
Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers.

Summers was born in New Haven, in 1954, into a Jewish family, the son of two economists, Robert Summers (who changed the family surname from Samuelson) and Anita Summers (of Romanian-Jewish ancestry), who are both professors at the University of Pennsylvania.

Above named D. E. Shaw & Co., L.P. [under copyright by Wikipedia] is a global investment management firm founded in 1988 by David E. Shaw and based in New York City. ... The company has made investments in technology, wind power, real estate, and financial services firms. The subsidiaries of the company acquired the toy store FAO Schwarz and eToys.com.

Above mentioned David Elliot Shaw born in 1951 [under copyright by Wikipedia] is an American computer scientist and computational biochemist who founded D. E. Shaw & Co., a hedge fund company which was once described by Fortune magazine as "the most intriguing and mysterious force on Wall Street". In 1986, he joined Morgan Stanley.

Shaw is married to personal finance commentator and journalist Beth Kobliner. They are members of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in New York.

L.

Sylwia Barthel de Weydenthal / Sylwia de Weydenthal

was the precursor of Lean In Poland, an organization initiated by Sheryl Sandberg (COO of Facebook). On the Leanin.org: the Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead is a 2013 book written by Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Anecdotes are given in which Judith Rodin questions why highly talented women choose to leave careers and become homemakers and Gayle Tzemach Lemmon gives her opinion.

Above Judith Rodin born Judith Seitz in 1944 is a philanthropist. Rodin was born Jewish in Philadelphia, PA. She was the daughter of Morris and Sally Seitz. Rodin became president of the Rockefeller Foundation in March, 2005.

M.

Sheryl Kara Sandberg born 1969, is an American technology executive, activist, and author. She is the Chief Operating Officer of Facebook and founder of Leanin.org / the Lean In Foundation.

Sandberg was born in 1969 in Washington, D.C. to a Jewish family, the daughter of Adele (née Einhorn) and Joel Sandberg. Sandberg's family was active in helping Soviet Jews make aliyah to Israel during the refusenik era [in Russia]. Her mother ADELE was also an English teacher who co-founded Ear Peace-Save Your Hearing, a nonprofit that teaches teens how to prevent hearing loss, with a Restaurant Noise Survey:

"... The decibel levels in the arena were so loud that she and her husband began putting tissues in their ears in an attempt to muffle the noise. (They later used earplugs after learning that tissues do not provide adequate protection.) Adele was especially concerned when she saw how many young people, even babies, were being exposed to sound levels that could permanently damage their hearing".
ADELE Sandberg - Ear Peace-Save Your Hearing, a nonprofit that teaches teens how to prevent hearing loss, with a Restaurant Noise Survey - 2740 Hollywood Blvd. Hollywood, FL 33020 - MIAMI; see: Stephen F. Mandel and Miriam Zadek, is director of social work at the Hearing and Speech Agency of Metropolitan Baltimore [a daughter of Mrs. Hyman I. Scharfman of West Palm Beach, Fla. - north of MIAMI - see the Addo Food Group factory in UK - Pork Farms Group has been rebranded as Addo Food Group].

"Aliyah to Israel during the refusenik era" - Refusenik was an unofficial term for individuals, typically but not exclusively Soviet Jews, who were denied permission to emigrate by the authorities of the former Soviet Union and other countries of the Eastern bloc [by Wikipedia]. The coming to power of Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union in the mid-1980s, led to major changes, and most refuseniks were allowed to emigrate. The family of Sheryl Kara Sandberg helped to them; she is an American technology executive, activist, and author.

She is the Chief Operating Officer of Facebook and founder of Leanin.org / the Lean In Foundation.

Sheryl Kara Sandberg born 1969, is an American technology executive, activist, and author. Widow of David Bruce Goldberg - son of Mel Goldberg. Sheryl Sandberg has set her goal early. "... From changing the stereotype of gender in the professional world because she doesn't believe that gender is the thing that can hold anyone back, she tries to change how people see gender and women, and treat them equal".

N.

Named above Beth Kobliner born in 1965 [under copyright by Wikipedia] is a personal finance commentator and journalist, and author of the New York Times bestseller Get a Financial Life: Personal Finance in Your Twenties and Thirties.

Above Kobliner grew up in a Jewish family ... she worked for Sylvia Porter.

Sylvia Field Porter (1913 - 1991) [under copyright by Wikipedia] was an American economist, journalist and author. The daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants, was born as Sylvia Feldman in Patchogue, New York, to Louis Feldman, a physician, and Rose (Maisel) Feldman. Porter was born as Sylvia Field Feldman. In February 1966 Porter advised President Lyndon B Johnson on the appointment of Andrew Brimmer, the first African American to the serve on the Federal Reserve Board. She married banker Reed Porter in 1931.

Named above FAO Schwarz, founded in 1862, was once the oldest toy store in the United States. FAO Schwarz was sold to Netherlands-based NV Koninklijke Bijenkorf Beheer / Vendex/KBB, in 1990.

O.

Named Robert Rubin / Robert Edward Rubin born in 1938, an American lawyer, former cabinet member, and retired banking executive. He served as the 70th United States Secretary of the Treasury during the Clinton administration. Before his government service, he spent 26 years at Goldman Sachs, eventually serving as a member of the board and co-chairman from 1990 to 1992; co-chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations, serves as chairman of the board of the Local Initiatives Support Corporation, the nation's leading community development support organization, and serves on the board of trustees of Mount Sinai-NYU Health.
Rubin was born in New York City, the son of Sylvia (nee Seiderman) and Alexander Rubin, a wealthy Jewish family. He joined Goldman Sachs in 1966.
Robert S. Strauss credited Rubin with making the system work.

P.

Robert Schwarz Strauss, 1918 - 2014, his service dates back to future president Lyndon Johnson's first congressional campaign in 1937.
"... [at Wikipedia] By the 1950s, he was associated in Texas politics with the conservative faction of the Democratic Party led by [LYNDON] Johnson and John Connally. He served as the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee between 1972 and 1977 and served under President Jimmy Carter [see ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI] as the U.S. Trade Representative and special envoy to the Middle East.
Strauss was selected by President George H. W. Bush to be the U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1991 and after the USSR's collapse, he served as the U.S. ambassador to Russia from 1991 until 1992. ... Strauss was born in Lockhart, Texas, south of Austin.
He was the son of Edith Violet (nee Schwarz) and Charles H. Strauss. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Germany".
Charles H Strauss, b. ca 1886 in Alsace, France. Husband of above named Edith Violet Strauss (Schwarz) b. ca 1887 in Lockhart, in the Caldwell County, Texas, United States; she was the daughter of
Leo Schwarz, of Dzierzoniów and Selma Schwarz; above Leo Schwarz, of Dzierzoniów b. 1854 in Dzierzoniow, in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship at present, Poland, died in 1931 in Fort Worth, Texas. Above LEO was the son of Heinrich Chaim Schwarz, Rabbi and Julia Nathan.
Named above Selma Schwarz nee Weinbaun or Weinbaum, born in 1861 in Germany.
After ascending to the presidency in 1977, Carter [see Zbigniew Brzezinski !] named Strauss as U.S. Trade Representative. Robert Schwarz Strauss's business activities included serving on the Texas Banking Commission and as Chairman of the U.S.-Russia Business Council. He was a trustee of the Center for Strategic and International Studies and The Forum for International Policy, and was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission [see Zbigniew Brzezinski].
By Wikipedia: Bush appointed Strauss to serve as Ambassador to the Soviet Union in the hope that Strauss's proven skills as a negotiator would ease the transition to a new era. With Strauss's assistance, Yeltsin quickly established amicable relations with the United States. Strauss resigned shortly after the 1992 presidential election in the United States and returned once again to private law practice with Akin Gump.

R.

Above the Akin Gump:
Large law firm, representing clients in the United States and overseas on commercial, environmental, regulatory, real estate, health care, and communications. Notable people: Vernon Jordan Jr., former adviser to President Bill Clinton: Vernon Eulion Jordan Jr. born 1935, an American business executive and civil rights activist in the United States. Jordan, a friend and political adviser to Bill Clinton, served as part of Clinton's transition team in 1992-93, shortly after Clinton was elected president; he took Mr. Clinton in 1991 to the Bilderberg conference in Germany.
He has been a member of the board of directors of Revlon, Sara Lee, Corning, Xerox, and RJR Nabisco during the 1989 leveraged buyout fight between RJR Nabisco CEO F. Ross Johnson and Henry R. Kravis and his company KKR. A close friend of Jordan was the late Xerox tycoon Charles Peter McColough.
Above Kravis was born into a Jewish family in Tulsa, Oklahoma, the son of Bessie (née Roberts) and Raymond Kravis, a successful Tulsa oil engineer who had been a business partner of Joseph P. Kennedy.

By Wikipedia:

Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Sr. b. 1888, died in 1969, was an American businessman, investor, and politician known for his high-profile positions in United States politics. Children included
President John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) - killed; Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1925-1968) - killed; and longtime Senator Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy (1932-2009).
He was the inaugural Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and later directed the Maritime Commission. Kennedy served as the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1938 until late 1940.



Sheryl Kara Sandberg b. 1969 is the daughter of Adele Sandberg, who was the daughter of Benjamin Abraham Einhorn
[Benjamin Abraham Einhorn b. 1915 in New York, d. 2007, son of Isser Einhorn
{Isser Einhorn b. 1880, son of Abraham Einhorn}
and Minnie Einhorn; husband of Rosalind Einhorn
{above Minnie Einhorn (Shupper) b. 1886, d. 1972, daughter of Benjamin Shupper and Anna Shupper; wife of Isser Einhorn}]
and Rosalind Einhorn.
Above Rosalind Einhorn (Nuss) b. 1911 in Bronx, New York; was the daughter of Israel Aaron Nuss and Sarah Nuss. Above Sarah Nuss (Gross) b. 1893 in New York; was the daughter of Samuel Gross and Yetta Gross; wife of Israel Aaron Nuss [Israel Aaron Nuss b. 1883 in New York].
Above Yetta Gross (Schwartz) / Etta, born ca 1861 in Hungary, d. 1925 in New York, Bronx County, daughter of Morris D. Schwartz and Ray Schwartz.
Above named Morris D. Schwartz b. in Hungary. Named above Samuel Gross b. ca 1852, was the son of Jacob Gross and Pearl Gross.



Note to
Anita Arrow Summers.
She is Professor Emerita at the University of Pennsylvania.
The daughter of Jewish immigrants from Romania.
In 2001 Dr. Anita A. Summers, became the University's ombudsman. President Judith Rodin said in announcing the appointment: "Given Anita's role as the Ombudsman for Wharton and her dedicated service to Penn in so many other ways, she is especially qualified for this important position...". Dr. Summers joined the University in l979 as an Adjunct Professor at Wharton, became a Professor of Public Policy and Management in 1982, and chaired that department from 1983-1988.

Mentioned Judith Rodin is a President of The Rockefeller Foundation, Pioneering Leader in Resilience Building and Impact Investing. Rodin served as first female President of The Rockefeller Foundation and of an Ivy League Institution at University of Pennsylvania.
Judith Rodin was born as Judith Seitz in 1944. Rodin was born Jewish in Philadelphia, PA, the younger of two daughters of Morris and Sally Seitz / Sally (Winson ?) Seitz. Named
Sally Seitz b. ca 1911 in Poland that is ex-Russia Empire; in 1940 in U.S., Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania;
she married Morris Seitz with child Beverly.

Named above Anita Arrow Summers have a brother Kenneth Arrow. Kenneth Joseph Arrow, Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1972, born in 1921 in New York. Son of Harry Arrow and Lilian Arrow. Brother of Anita Summers (Arrow).
Kenneth Joseph Arrow was born to parents of Romanian Jewish origins. Anita Arrow Summers have a brother-in-law Paul Samuelson.

Above Lilian Arrow b. estimated 1890 ?? in Romania. Above Harry Arrow b. in Romania.
Above mentioned Paul Anthony Samuelson b. in 1915, died 2009, an American economist. President Bill Clinton commended Samuelson for his "fundamental contributions to economic science" for over 60 years. He served as an advisor to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, and was a consultant to the United States Treasury, the Bureau of the Budget and the President's Council of Economic Advisers. Samuelson was born in Gary, Indiana, to Frank Samuelson, a pharmacist, and Ella Lipton.
His family was "mobile Jewish immigrants from Poland who had prospered considerably in World War I, because Gary was a brand new steel town...".
His family:
brother Robert Summers [Robert Summers b. 1922, d. 2012, a U.S. economist and professor, University of Pennsylvania], sister-in-law Anita Summers, brother-in-law Kenneth Arrow and nephew Larry Summers.

Mentioned above Robert Summers had son Lawrence Summers b. 1954 in New Haven, Connecticut; professor at the Harvard; Lawrence Henry Summers is the oldest of three sons born to economics professors Robert and Anita Summers, who were teaching at Yale.
He was born into a Jewish family. His father Robert Summers changed his name from Samuelson. His mother was Anita Summers / AMITA. Both parents were professors of economics at the University of Pennsylvania
[we need to check: named above ?? Anita that is Ana / Anichka, born as Amita Grimberg in IASI in 1920, to a family of five children; her older brother was Leon Grimberg. Her mother - Frida Grimberg b. 1885, survived the war in 1945].

Mentioned Lawrence "Larry" Henry Summers / Larry Summers, was the son of Robert "Bob" (Samuelson) Summers. Above Robert Summers (Samuelson) / Bob Summers, 1922 - 2012, was the son of Frank Samuelson [Franc ??] and Ella (Lypski) Samuelson / Elzbieta Lipska?; Robert was the brother of Harold Samuelson and Paul Samuelson, Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, 1970.

Above Ella Samuelson (Lypski) / Ella Lypski, was the daughter of Mayer Lypski and Anna (Glotstein) Lypski.
Named above Mayer Lypski / Meir Lypski born in 1840 in Suwalki, Poland. He was the son of Mordechai Nissan Lypski.
He was married 3 times. Brother of Jimmy Lypski.

Compare:
Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko - was born in 1821 in Suwalki, died 1917, husband of Jeanette Marx and father of Louis Kosciuszko b. 1857 [grandfather of Jacques Achille Kosciusko 1913 in Paris, died 1994 in Paris].

Above mentioned Mordechai Nissan Lypski born ca 1815 maybe close to SUWALKI or in SUWALKI [north-east Poland]. He visited the USA for economic advantage before the civil war 1861. He was a participant in the 1849 California Gold Rush. He make money in the USA as the wholesale wheat trader.



Kenneth Joseph "Ken" Arrow born in 1921 is an American economist, writer, and political theorist. Arrow was born in New York City. By Wikipedia:
"... Arrow's mother, Lilian, was born in Iaşi (Romania), and his father, Harry, was from Podu Iloaiei (close to Iaşi, Romania). The Arrow family has Romanian Jewish origins. ... Growing up during the Great Depression, he embraced socialism in his youth. He would later move away from socialism, but his views retained a left philosophy...".
Above named Podu Iloaiei - 30 km north-west of Jassy / Iasi, close to present Moldova border / ex-Soviet border [see the Sandberg family in Soviet Union in Chisinau / Kishiniov]. "...The first branch of the Zionist movement in Podul Iloaiei was a one of the 'Chovevei Zion' (1894). In 1919, a branch of 'Bnei Zion Dr. Hertzel' was also opened with 50 members. Two Hebrew courses were organized and 10% of the congregation's income was donated to 'Keren Hakayemet for Israel'."



Note on the SAMUELSON family come from the OLECKO area:

Paul Anthony Samuelson was born on May 15, 1915, in Gary, Indiana. His parents were Frank Samuelson, a pharmacist, and Ella Lipton / LYPSKI Samuelson.

Ella Lipton and the Samuelsons immigrated to the USA in 1908 to build a pharmacy business in Gary, Indiana. Frank's older brother Herman also emigrated from Poland [the Suwalki area].
Samuelson come from RACZIK, Poland, then of the Prussian Empire to 1945 [Raczki Wielkie, north-east of Olecko, Prussia to 1945, and 1 km west of ex-Russian border; Nowe Raczki ca 6 km east of Olecko, and 2 km west to the ex-Russian border].
Robert Summers (June 22, 1922 - April 17, 2012) was a U.S. economist and professor, University of Pennsylvania, where he taught from 1960. He was the son of above named Frank Samuelson and Ella (Lypski) Samuelson.

Anna (Glotstein) Lypski was a wife of Mayer Lypski and mother of Sophia Lypski born in 1892 in Suwalki, Poland. Above Mayer Lypski / Meir Lypski, was also born in 1840 in Suwalki,
[Russia in the 19th cent.; see Borys Johnson genealogy - Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson PC MP (born in 1964) / Boris Johnson, is a British politician, and journalist. He has been Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs since July 2016; Johnson's mother, Charlotte Johnson Wahl nee Fawcett, was the granddaughter of Americans Elias Avery Lowe, of Russian Jewish descent. Johnson's great-grandparents come from an area north of SUWALKI and émigré to Mexico]
Russia to 1918 / Poland, died in 1923.
He was the son of Mordechai Nissan Lypski.
Ella Samuelson (Lypski) / Ella Lypski, was the daughter of above Mayer Lypski and mentioned Anna (Glotstein) Lypski. Ella was the wife of named Frank Samuelson [Frank Samuelson, 1886-1939, had married ELLA LIPTON = Ella Lipton / LYPSKI Samuelson], and she was the mother of Harold Samuelson; Paul Samuelson, Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, 1970 and Robert "Bob" (Samuelson) Summers.

Paul Samuelson's grandfather - Leo Samuelson - and his grandmother JENNIE Epstein, were part of a Jewish community that saw waves of immigrants come to the USA in the latter half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th cent.
Their son, Frank Samuelson, 1886-1939, had married ELLA LIPTON and they immigrated to the USA in 1908 to GARY, Indiana [before the Great War].
Frank's older brother Herman also emigrated from Poland and started up a furrier business in the area, along with Frank's other brother Charles.

Note to above Boris Johnson:

BORIS Johnson has described himself as a "one-man melting pot" - with a combination of Muslims, Jews, and Christians as great- grandparents.
His ancestrors:
Charlotte Johnson Wahl (née Fawcett) is the daughter of James Fawcett, and his wife Frances Beatrice Lowe. Her maternal grandparents, who were American, were palaeographer Elias Avery Lowe and translator Helen Tracy Lowe-Porter.
Elias was an Eastern European Jewish immigrant to the U.S, while Helen was from Pennsylvania. Elias Avery Lowe (1879 - 1969), born to a Russian Jewish family as Elias Avery Loew - he known Ludwig Traube (1861 - 1907) a paleographer, the son of a middle-class Jewish family.
Elias Avery Lowe (Loew) b. 1879, was son of SARAH Ragoler / Sarah Gussy Loew (born Ragoler).
Above Elias Avery Lowe, 1879 - 1969. Elias Avery Lowe [name changed 1918 from LOEW] was born on month day 15 Oct. 1879 in Kalwaria / Calvaria, Lithuania now, to Charles H. LOEW / Karol Loew / ? Lowe and Sarah Ragoler L.;
immigrated 1891; to USA; 1900 naturalized as US; married Helen Tracy PORTER in 1911; study at CCNY 1894-1897; A. B. Cornell, 1902; ASCSR 1908-1910; Halle 1902-1903; Munich PhD 1907;
Oxford 1920; D. Litt. Oxford 1936; North Carolina 1946; D. Litt. Nat. U. of IRELAND !! Oxford 1913-1927; reader 1927 - 1948; Cambridge 1914;
he was working for the CARNEGIE INST. Washington - see SOROS - 1911-1953;
died 1969 in Bad Nauheim Germany.
Kalvarija / KALWARIA is situated NORTH-east of SUWALKI ! In 1920 to Lithuania.
City 42 km from Suwalki, 17 km from Marijampole, on the road from Warsaw to Kaunas. Because of the large number of Jews living here, it was called Jewish Calvary; Samogitian bishop Jerzy Tyszkiewicz (d. 1656), built a Calvary on the model of Jerusalem. In 1715 a wooden church was founded by Prince Korybut Wiśniowiecki. Since 1766 the county of KALWARIA Suwalska / Calvary belonged to Michael [Kazimierz ?] Ogiński, governor of Vilnius, later "Grand Hetman of Lithuania". In 1795, in the third partition of Poland, Kalwaria was seized by Russia. In 1880, Kalwaria / Calvary had 8.5 thousand residents, including 75% of Jews. After the First World War, in Oct. 1920, Calvary was in independent Lithuania, close to the Polish border. Above mentioned Michael Kazimierz Ogiński = Michał Kazimierz Ogiński; by Wikipedia: Prince Michał Kazimierz Ogiński (ca. 1728 / 1730 / 1731, Warsaw - 1800, Słonim or Warsaw) was a Polish nobleman, a political office holder and a military commander in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (then part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), as well as a noted musician and composer, poet and playwright, cousin of ANDRZEJ IGNACY OGINSKI / Andrew Ignatius, who was the father of the composer MICHAL KLEOFAS OGINSKI / Michael Cleophas Oginski [see Polish conspiracy]. After the death of his father, Michael Czartoryski took care on the future commander. When Prince Michał Kazimierz Ogiński was only 18 years old, he received a patent for general. His parents: Prince Józef Tadeusz Ogiński 1693-1736 and Pss Anna Wiśniowiecka, 1695-1732. Michal Kazimierz Oginski married in 1761, Warszawa, to Pss Aleksandra Czartoryska 1730-1798, daughter of Fryderyk Michał Czartoryski 1696-1775 and Eleonora Monika Waldstein, 1707-1795.

Above SARAH: m. Carl H. Loew.



A note on November the 15th, 2016:

Daughter of Zbigniew Brzezinski - Mika Brzezinski says that Sheryl Sandberg's 'Lean In' [see Kerry Foods in UK] is what women need to hear, and Sandberg is the perfect messenger.
By Frances Stead Sellers in 2015:
Mika Brzezinski, co-host of MSNBC's 'Morning Joe' and author of the 2011 bestseller 'Knowing Your Value', is launching a new venture this year - a series of day-long events for women in Philadelphia, Washington, Chicago, Boston and Orlando.
By: Meredith Lepore: Mika Brzezinski wants women to get more confident and she wants them to do it now. That's why she's teamed up with NBC Universal (her news show Morning Joe is on MSNBC) ...
By http://www.newsofinterest.tv/neocon_globalist/
- ... individuals which have transitioned into the Obama Administration, most being veterans of the Clinton and Bush Administrations and having histories of being involved in furthering long-range globalist objectives. Thirty-one of the forty-seven people Barack Obama has named for appointments have ties to the Clinton Administration, including Hillary Clinton, Eric Holder, Larry Summers [see Sandberg], Madeline Albright, ... Military hawks from previous Administrations have been transitioned as well, including Zbigniew Brzezinski [see above Mika Brzezinski], and Robert Gates has been held over from the Bush Administration. Larry Summers and Timothy Geithner have been involved with implementing damaging financial legislation during the Clinton Administration, and Rahm Emanuel has been a strong proponent of NAFTA and WTO related legislation.
Facebook's founder Mark Zuckerberg sought advice from the chairman of Hillary Clinton's campaign about how he could get involved in politics and said he was 'hungry to learn', according to leaked documents.
Emails from Facebook Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg [see Summers] to John Podesta, published by Wikileaks, suggested he was keen to influence public policy on issues like immigration, education and scientific research.
In one email, in August 2015, Sandberg wrote to Podesta:
'Mark [Zuckerberg] is meeting with people to learn more about next steps for his philanthropy and social action and it's hard to imagine someone better placed or more experienced than you to help him.' Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news.
The leaked emails supports Donald Trump's claims that Clinton is too close to those with vested interests, such as Zuckerberg, whose Facebook empire has 1.7 billion users globally. Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk.
Earlier in October 2016, other leaked emails showed Sandberg had gave Hillary Clinton aides research on 'gender and leadership by women' as they put together the former first lady's presidential campaign.

The following quotes originate from a webpage of Tyler Durden on Oct 25, 2016, at www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-25.
"...It should come as no great surprise to anyone that Silicon Valley's tech billionaires are "in the tank" for Hillary [Clinton; see Brzezinski]. That said, emails like the one below from Facebook's Chief Operating Officer, Sheryl Sandberg, will never cease to be shocking, particularly because she oversees the operations of a social media giant that wields incredible power and influence over news media presented to America's young voters. Of course, the "cozy" relationship between Sandberg and Podesta is even more disturbing in light of the fact that former new curators for Facebook admitted that the company routinely suppressed conservative news on its news feed. Per a previous post we wrote back in June: After former news curators admitted that Facebook routinely suppressed conservative news on its news feed, a training manual was leaked that confirmed there was only one of ten "trusted" news sources by which trending news topics could come from with any type of conservative angle. ... After all of the aforementioned events, one would assume that Facebook would lay low and let all of this fade with time, but one would be wrong. Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook's chief operating officer recently announced that the company would be introducing a "political bias" training program in addition to the managing unconscious bias class the company offers employees.
... As the Daily Signal reports, Sandberg acknowledged that Facebook and other tech companies are perceived as being liberal ... Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg told Hillary Clinton's campaign chairman John Podesta that she 'badly' wants Clinton to become president, according to new emails released by Wikileaks. In a May 2015 email thread, Podesta offered his condolences for the sudden death of Sandberg's husband, Dave Goldberg. Sandberg thanked Podesta for his kind words, then affirmed her desire to 'help' Clinton win the 2016 election. She mentioned a home visit where Clinton interacted with her children. 'I still want HRC [Hillary Rodham Clinton] to win badly', she wrote.
... Previous batches of leaked emails reveal that Sandberg offered to put Podesta in contact with Facebook co-founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg, stating that Zuckerberg was interested in influencing policies relating to 'social oriented objectives (like immigration, education or basic scientific research)'. Podesta appears to have at least arranged that meeting; his assistant emailed him in August 2015 with directions to Zuckerberg's office. ... Zuckerberg has been politically active since 2013, when he co-founded a 501(c)3 called 'FWD.us', primarily lobbying for expansion of the H-1B visa program and amnesty for illegal immigrants. ...".
Mrs. Clinton's State Department worked aggressively to attract U.S. investment partners and helped the Russian State Investment Fund, Rusnano [ROSNANO], identify American tech companies worthy of Russian investment (Peter Schweizer, 'The Clinton Foundation, State And Kremlin Connections', The Wall Street Journal, 7/31/16).
U.S. Military Experts Believe These Skolkovo-Based Companies Serve As Vehicles To Expand Russia's Military Capacity. Acc. to www.donaldjtrump.com/press-releases.
"...Research conducted in 2012 on Skolkovo by the U.S. Army Foreign Military Studies Program at Fort Leavenworth declared that the purpose of Skolkovo was to serve as a 'vehicle for world-wide technology transfer to Russia in the areas of information technology, biomedicine, energy, satellite and space technology, and nuclear technology'," by Peter Schweizer.
Clinton's Campaign Chairman John Podesta Sat On The Board Of An Energy Company Called 'Joule Unlimited'.
'Still, Hillary Clinton's campaign chairman John Podesta sat on the executive board of a small energy company called Joule Unlimited' (Stephen K. Bannon & Peter Schweizer, Report: Hillary Clinton's Campaign Mgr John Podesta Sat On Board Of Company That Bagged $35 Million From Putin-Connected Russian Govt Fund, Breitbart, 8/1/16).
Received Up To $35 Million From Rusnano, An Investment Firm Founded By Putin In 2007.
In 2014 Joule Received 'An Extraordinary Warning' - Warning From The FBI, Informing The Company That Skolkovo 'May Be A Means For The Russian Government To Access' Sensitive Or Classified Information.
Tony Podesta Is A 'Big-Money Bundler' For Clinton Whose Brother, John, Is The Chairman Of Clinton's Campaign. 'It should be noted that Tony Podesta is a big-money bundler for the Hillary Clinton presidential campaign while his brother John is the chairman of that campaign, the chief architect of her plans to take the White House this November [2016]', by John R. Schindler, Panama Papers Reveal Clinton's Kremlin Connection, The New York Observer, 4/7/16.
As Recently As The Second Quarter Of 2016, Tony Podesta Has Lobbied For Sberbank Of Russia, by Lobbying Disclosure Database, Accessed 8/15/16.
Sberbank Is Russia's Biggest Financial Institution. 'Which is exactly what Sberbank, Russia's biggest financial institution, did this spring. As reported at the end of March, the Podesta Group registered with the U.S. Government as a lobbyist for Sberbank, as required by law, naming three Podesta Group staffers: Tony Podesta plus Stephen Rademaker and David Adams, the last two former assistant secretaries of state', by John R. Schindler.
Above Stephen Geoffrey Rademaker (born 1959) is an attorney [by Wikipedia], lobbyist and former Bush Administration government official. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, the Jefferson Literary and Debating Society ... After leaving government, Rademaker joined Barbour, Griffith and Rogers in January 2007. He came to the firm from the staff of Senate majority Leader Bill Frist, where he served as Policy Director for National Security Affairs and Senior Counsel. In February 2011, Rademaker left Barbour, Griffith and Rogers and joined the Podesta Group.
Mr. Rademaker is married to Danielle Pletka, vice-president for foreign and defense policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute.
Above Danielle Pletka (born 1963 in Melbourne, Australia) is the vice-president for foreign and defense policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI). Pletka was editorial assistant with the Los Angeles Times and Reuters, working in Jerusalem from 1984 to 1985 [by Wikipedia]. Pletka is married to Stephen Rademaker, who was Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation (including head of the Bureau of Arms Control) in the George W. Bush [see Moczulski in 1987] presidential administration.
Sberbank - "Savings bank of Russia" is a Russian banking and financial services company headquartered in Moscow. As part of Perestroika reforms, in 1987 the savings bank outlets are reorganised into the Savings Bank of the USSR. Since 2007, Sberbank is led by former economy minister Herman Gref. In 2011, Sberbank acquired Volksbank International AG from its shareholders Österreichische Volksbanken AG, BPCE, DZ Bank and WGZ Bank. The majority shareholder of Sberbank is the Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
Above Herman Oskarovich Gref born in 1964, "... is a Russian statesman and top manager. He was the Minister of Economics and Trade of Russia from May 2000 to September 2007. He currently is the CEO and Chairman of the Executive Board of the largest Russian bank Sberbank. .... Gref was born in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (now Kazakhstan) into a family of ethnic German deportees who were exiled there in 1941. Gref was considered as one of the liberal reformers in Vladimir Putin's administration of the early and mid-2000s...".
Herman Gref is member of boards and supervisory boards of a number of companies, including Yandex.
Yandex N.V. is a Russian multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products. Yandex ranked as the 4th largest search engine worldwide, based on information from Comscore.com.
Yandex Labs is a wholly owned division of Yandex located in the San Francisco Bay Area. In March 2007 Yandex acquired moikrug.ru, a Russian social network, to search and support professional and personal contacts.
Among the largest investors in Yandex were Baring Vostok Capital Partners and Tiger Global Management.
Above Tiger Management Corp., also known as "The Tiger Fund," was a hedge fund founded by Julian Robertson.
Co-operated with Stephen F. Mandel born 1956, a founder of the hedge fund Lone Pine Capital, who worked as a consumer-retail analyst at Goldman, Sachs & Co. before working as a consumer analyst and eventually managing director at Tiger Management, a hedge fund founded by Julian Robertson; he married Susan Joy Zadek of Baltimore. She formerly worked in the corporate finance department of Dillon, Read & Company in New York.
Miss Zadek's father is chief of the orthopedic-surgery department of Sinai Hospital in Baltimore, and
her mother, Miriam Zadek, is director of social work at the Hearing and Speech Agency of Metropolitan Baltimore.
"Miss Zadek is a granddaughter of Mrs. Hyman I. Scharfman of West Palm Beach, Fla., and the late Mr. Scharfman, and the late Dr. Isadore Zadek, who was a director of orthopedic service at the Hospital for Joint Diseases in New York. Mr. Mandel's father is president of the International Welding Products Company in Greenwich, Conn. He is a grandson of Mrs. James W. Safford of New Canaan, Conn., and of Mrs. Richard H. Mandel of New York", by www.nytimes.com.



Note on the ZADEK family of Florida:

In 1857, in Jacksonville, George Dzialynski was the first Jewish boy born in Florida; George married Bertha Zadek of Gainesville in 1883. They moved to Tampa and helped organize Congregation Schaarai Zedek in 1894. Bertha Zadek Dzialynski (1864 - 1947) moved to Tampa. George Isaac P. Dzialynski b. 1857, d. 1937 in Jacksonville, the Duval County, in Florida, USA. That is George W. J. Dzealinski or George I. P. Dzialynski, b. ca 1857 in Florida; in 1860 he was living in Madison, Florida. Parents: Phillip Dzialynski (1833 - 1896) and Ida Dzialynski (1835 - 1864). Spouse: Bertha Zadek Dzialynski (1864 - 1947), with daughter Ida Clare Dzialynski Coleman (1884 - 1947). Above Phillip Dzialynski was the son of Abraham Samuel Dzialynski (1805 - 1857) and Rachin Diamond Dzialynski (1814 - 1854). Above Bertha Zadek Dzialynski b. 1863 or 1864, Germany, daughter of George Zadek and Caroline Brown. In 1900: Jacksonville, Duval, Florida.

Miss Zadek is a granddaughter of Mrs. Hyman I. Scharfman of West Palm Beach, Fla., and the late Mr. Scharfman, and the late Dr. Isadore Zadek, who was a director of orthopedic service at the Hospital for Joint Diseases in New York.
Isadore Zadek, was living in Bronxville, Westchester County, New York; b. in 1890, d. 1981; spouse: Kate Zadek; or birth: ca 1891 - United States. Maybe from Arhovy Stepanov, Czechoslovakia.



TADEUSZ BRZEZINSKI was the father of Zbigniew Brzezinski:

Diplomat, Tadeusz Brzezinski, and Leonia nee Roman married Brzezinski, helped Jews escape Nazi Germany.
TADEUSZ's father - Kazimierz Brzezinski junior b. 1866 in Zólkiew, was son of Kazimierz Brzezinski senior and Zuzanna Mayer.

The genealogy of above mentioned
Kazimierz Brzezinski senior:

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law). Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850?
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins:
Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz,
and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer;
children remained with Maria after her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce.
Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michał Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.

Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [?? - Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 ! - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

General Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko / Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko was brother to Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko; Katarzyna Zólkowska and Anna Estka / Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka. Above Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko 1743 - 1789, married to Burniewicz, and was father of Aleksander Kosciuszko. Aleksander KOSCIUSZKO had the daughter Antonina Traugutt / Antonina Kościuszko, married 1st to Romuald Traugutt b. 1826, the commander of the 1863 Uprising; m. 2nd to Franciszek Mickiewicz b. ?, son of Aleksander Julian Mickiewicz. Aleksander Julian b. 1801 in Nowogródek, was brother of famous Adam Mickiewicz!
Adam MICKIEWICZ married Celina Szymanowska daughter of mentioned above Józef Szymanowski and Maria Agata Wolowska - Szymanowska / Maria Szymanowska / MARIANNA WOLOWSKA, famous composer. Above Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780. Named above Józef Szymanowski m. 2nd to Elżbieta Młodzianowska with daughter Zofia Szymanowska who married Teofil Lenartowicz, poet.
Above mentioned Lt. Colonel Romuald Traugutt (1826 - 1864) was a Polish general, October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection, headed the Polish national government on 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864, and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office; hanged on 5 August 1864.

Kazimierz Brzezinski junior studied in Zloczow, then in Lwow; 1889 back home to Zolkiew; 1894-1897 worked in Zloczow; married in 1894 in Zólkiew or in Zloczow, to Zofia Woroniecka daughter of Maksymilian WORONIECKI and Ernestyna Kropaczek. In 1896 was born son - above mentioned Tadeusz.
Tadeusz in 1928-1931, lived in Lille, then 1931-1935 in Lipsk, 1936 - 1937 in Charkow; 1938, Tadeusz and Leonia b. 1896 in Brzeziny close to Lodz, with sons: Adam, Zbigniew, Lech and Jerzy Zylinski, moved to New York, and Montreal.
Mentioned above wife of Kazimierz Brzezinski - Zofia, after death of her husband in 1924 in Przemysl, was living in BORUJA / Broruja / Borui in the Wolsztyn county; d. June 1941,
and buried in KROSNO [Laczki Jagiellonskie ?; now in Przemysl]; Laczki Jagiellonskie - village in the Krosno county.
Named above Ernestyna Woroniecka nee Kropaczek, b. ca 1850, was the wife of Maksymilian Woroniecki [born ca 1840; a branch of the Galicia Woroniecki clan from - ?? - Brzezany, Zloczow, Zbaraz], and the mother of Zofia Brzezinska.
Duke Dymitr Wisniowiecki restored the castle in ZBARAZ; after the death of Michal, voivode of Wilno, the last of the dukes Wisniowiecki (died 1774), Zbaraz and estates came under the ownership of the house of Potocki.
Above Zofia Brzezinska nee Woroniecka, maybe come from Wincenty Woroniecki (ca 1780 - 1826), Colonel [with dauhters Anna Woroniecka m. 1825 to Zygmunt Piotr Los, and Ignacja Woroniecka, m. Piotr Stadnicki of Zmigrod], or from Józef Woroniecki (ca 1807 - 1885, insurrgent of 1830 - 1831, Hungaria in 1848 - 1849, then in Turkey).
Mentioned above Zofia Brzezinska b. circa 1866 / 1870, died 1941 in BORUJA, west border of Poland, buried in Laczki Jagiellonskie, close to Krosno. Mother of Tadeusz Brzezinski and Bogdan Brzezinski. Above Bogdan Brzezinski was the father of Bronislaw Brzezinski b. 1909 in Krematorów, died 1990 in Góra Kalwaria. Above Kazimierz Brzezinski, Jr. b. 1866 in Zólkiew, died 1924 in Przemysl.
Named Boruja / Boruia / Borui - village in the Wolsztyn county; 1776, Kuznica was owned by Ludwik Mielecki; Boruja Kuznicka was named Boruja Koscielna [Kirchplatz-Borui]; Chobienice and Grójec to Mielzynski family !, Belecin to Mielecki; Wielka Wies owned by Bloch; Tuchorza to Kotwitz / Kottvitz.

In 1830 Maciej Mielzynski of Chobienice [see below his genealogy !] was insurrgent of the November Uprising under gen. Chlapowski in Lithuania.
In 1848, Chobienice, was the center of Uprising with Józef Mielzynski (son of Maciej), Ignacy Bobrowski, Jan Adamczak, Ignacy Szumski, and landlord of Wroniawa - Stanislaw Plater.
Ca 1900 acted here Maciej Mielzynski [junior] of Chobienice.

Note:
In MIELEC died in 1867 Kazimierz Woroniecki son of above named Maksymilian and Ernestyna Kropaczek; and in Mielec died in 1870 above Maksymilian Woroniecki.

Romuald Walewski b. ca 1738, died on June 14, 1812, was Major General, Adjutant General of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the King of Poland, a captain of cavalry in 1789, Crown Court judge, six-time Member of Parliament. In Cracow from 1773 to 1775 joined the confederation Adam Poninski; member of Parliament in 1778 of the Cracow province; member of Parliament in 1786; member of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Military Commission in 1788; in 1792 he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, in 1781 received the Order of St. Stanislaus. King's aides were Augustyn Gorzenski / Augustine Gorzenski and above named Romuald Walewski. Romuald's close friends:
in 1789 an ensign Zeromski Maciej (lieutenant); 1789 - 1792, Stawiski Michal - ensign (Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski); 1790, Wieckowski Marcin, Regiment of the National Cavalry of brigade under Hadziewicz; 1792, Jasienski Blazej, above Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski;
a counselors of the Permanent Council:
Anastazy Walewski [Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska, wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice, close to Łowicz],
Ksawery Walewski, named Romuald Walewski, Hieronim Wielopolski, Jozef Wilczewski, Antoni Wollowicz, Maksymilian Woroniecki [senior], Franciszek Woyna and others.
Above Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki d. 1797, an advisor, counselor, member of the executive of the Confederation in 1776.
We know on
Lucjan Grzegorz Eustachy Woroniecki [1806 - died November 21, 1875 in Warszawa, m. in Poznan in 1856 !! with: 1. Pawel Adam Maria b. 1856 next of kin to Kumanowski and Stadnicki; 2. Teonia Teofila Tekla Woroniecka b. 1857 + Józef Chlapowski, 3. Michal Jan b. 1860 in Bielice, close to Sochaczew + Franciszka Korwin-Krasinska - close to Zelazowa Wola and north of GUZOW !! 4. Antoni Jan Pawel b. 1862, 5. Adam Marian b. 1865], Duke.

In mentioned above Chobienice was born Maciej Ignacy Przeclaw Mielzynski (1869 - 1944), grandson of Maciej Józef, MP, m. Felicja nee Potocki.
Ca 1837 Chobienice was owned by Konstancja Mielzynski; belonged to the Okowy catholic parish. Church was funded by Józef Klemens Mielzynski.
Chobienice / Köbnitz, is situated in the Siedlec area, 17 km south-west to BORUJA !

Mentioned Zbigniew Brzezinski joined the faculty of Harvard University in 1952 [Henry Kissinger in 1952 also joined the faculty of the Harvard University] but moved to Columbia University in 1959. The former director of the CIA, Robert Gates, stated in his memoirs that the American intelligence services began to aid the Mujahiddin in Afghanistan six months before the Soviet intervention. Is this period, Zbigniew Brzezinski was the national securty advisor to President Carter. On July 3, 1979 President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
Next great person - Stanley Hoffmann was born 1928, in Vienna. He was living in Nice, then in Neuilly in 1936, graduated at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in 1948, in 1951, he studied at Harvard’s government department, where his fellow students included Zbigniew Brzezinski, Judith N. Shklar and Samuel Huntington, and where he became a protege of McGeorge Bundy, a professor in the department; Mr. Hoffmann avoided the role of counselor to government leaders. Mr. Bundy was a professor in the department, not its chairman.
Judith Nisse Shklar b. 1928, was a political theorist, and worked at Harvard University; Judith Shklar was born in Riga, Latvia to Jewish parents who fled there; graduated from McGill University and at the Harvard University in 1955.
Samuel Phillips Huntington b. 1927, was an American political adviser, at Harvard University he was director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs; during the Carter administration, Huntington was the White House Coordinator of Security Planning for the National Security Council; a member of Harvard's department of government from 1950 until 1959, and along with Zbigniew Brzezinski moved to Columbia University in New York. Huntington and Warren Demian Manshel co-founded and co-edited Foreign Policy.
The Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies is a research center that is part of Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs in New York, was led for 25 years by Professor William T. R. Fox. Prominent scholars have included Samuel P. Huntington, Glenn Snyder, Roger Hilsman, Michael Armacost, and Joan E. Spero.
Glenn Herald Snyder b. 1924 an important scholar of international relations theory and security studies.
Roger Hilsman, Jr. b. 1919, was an aide and adviser to President John F. Kennedy and, briefly, to President Lyndon B. Johnson, in the U.S. State Department while serving as Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research during 1961-63.

Mentioned above John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (1839 - 1937) was a co-founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry; with Andrew Carnegie defined the structure of modern philanthropy.

Above mentioned Andrew Carnegie (1835 - 1919) was a Scottish industrialist "who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. He is often identified as one of the richest people in history, alongside John D. Rockefeller and Jakob Fugger". Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland; his uncle, George Lauder Sr., a Scottish political leader, deeply influenced him as a boy.

George Lauder Sr., b. 1837, was a Scottish industrialist, and a partner in the Carnegie Steel Corporation, a forerunner of U.S. Steel. His father known for his commitment to Scottish nationalism was a keen radical for the time; after Andrew and his family left for America, George stayed in Scotland, studying under Lord Kelvin.

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin b. 1824 was born in Belfast in 1824, an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, for his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria; he was recruited around 1899 by George Eastman to serve as vice-chairman of the board of the British company Kodak Limited, affiliated with Eastman Kodak.
George Eastman b. 1854 was an American innovator and founded the Eastman Kodak Company.


Maciej Mielżyński, 1799-1870 was grandson of Maciej Mielżyński of Radziejów, 1733-1793 and great-grandson of Franciszek Walenty Mielżyński, 1682-1738
[his children:
Józefa Mielżyńska 1729-1752 m. Rafał Tadeusz Gajewski;
Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI of Kalisz (1758-1763) and Poznań (1763-1782), 1729-1792, m. Wirydianna Bnińska, 1718-1797
{her second husband before 1744: Leon Raczyński 1698-1755 with daughter
Katarzyna Raczyńska 1744-1792 who married to Józef Stanisław Radoliński of Wschowa (1776-1777)
(they had daughter Wiridianna / Wiridiana Radolińska, 1761 - 1826 + ca 1780, to Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, and 2nd + in 1806 to General Stanisław Fiszer [see Jefferson and Kosciuszko with Paszkowski] 1759-1812)};
named above Maciej of Radziejów (1759-1760) and of Wschowa (1783), 1733-1793 + Seweryna Lipska].

Above Maciej Mielżyński 1799-1870 had married in 1820, in Chobienice / Köbnitz to Konstancja Mielżyńska 1799-1844 (daughter of Prokop Mielżyński).
They had daughter
Maria Mielżyńska 1821-1878 + Jan Bniński 1818-1847; and also:
1. Katarzyna Mielżyńska 1828-1899 + Stanisław Broel-Plater 1822-1890;
2. Jan Mielżyński 1831-1863 + Anna Kwilecka 1836-1924.

Above named Stanislaw BROEL-PLATER had great-grandparents:
Konstanty Ludwik Plater z Broelu 1722-1778; Jan Andrzej Józef Borch 1713-1780; Rafał Tadeusz Gajewski 1714-1775; Augusta Ogińska 1724-1791; Ludwika Anna Zyberk 1740-1788; Katarzyna Tworzyańska and Weronika Krzycka.

Józef Stanisław Radoliński 1730-1781 was the son of Józef Stefan Radoliński who died in 1740.

Józef Stefan Radoliński lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski). Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanisław was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanisław married to named above Katarzyna Raczyńska (see Kiedrzynski).

Józef Stanisław Radoliński born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer (see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski.
Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763
(he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815
[Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice, close to Łowicz]
and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806)
were children of above Kazimierz Walewski and named above Zofia.



And we back to the Kaunas Lithuania:

Pikciunai, close to Klausuciai [see Marcinkus and the Vatican], is situated 30 km east of Swiatoszyn / SVENDRISKIAI [see von Ronne + MIELZYNSKI] and the Panemune Castle / Poniemuń [see: Gielgud, von Ronne, Oginski, MIELZYNSKI] near Kaunas - Jurbarkas highway. SVENDRISKIAI that is probably Swiatoszyn by the Memel / Niemen, close to the Panemune Castle - a castle on the right bank of the Nemunas river, in Vytėnai, the Jurbarkas district, Lithuania. The castle was reconstructed around 1759 by Giełgud family. The Panemunė Castle / Übermemel [Zamek Giełgudów / Panemunės pilis - 15 km east of Jurbork / Jurbarkas], was owned by Gielgud / Gelgaudas family, near Kaunas - Jurbarkas highway.
Above named castle in 1759 was bought by the Samogitian nobleman Antoni Giełgud / GIELGUD / Gelgaudas [see below - Antoni Giełgud, 1792-1831]. After 1783 the Castle was reconstructed, but the castle suffered during the 1831 uprising and in 1832 or 1833 Gielgud / Gelgaudas for participation in rebellion had been expropriated [in 1833, the tsarist authorities confiscated the property, which later regained Gielgud's cousins Pusłowski]. Later owned by the state and and rented by different families [1867 - PUSLOWSKI].

We show now the family and political relationship between Gielgud - Tyzenhauz and Central Poland, it is the families Radoliński, Fiszer [see KOSCIUSZKO and Paszkowski], Walewski, Mielzynski [see MERKEL] - and thus with von Ronne and the Oginski family [see Soltan].

Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski.
Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 [Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice, close to Łowicz] and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of above Kazimierz Walewski and named above Zofia.

Waleria Tyzenhauz, born Wańkowicz, in 1800 / 1805 - 1841 / 1843, was the daughter of Antoni Wańkowicz and Anna Sołtan b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790. Waleria had 2 sisters, among others Klementyna Mostowska born Wańkowicz. Waleria married Konstanty Tyzenhauz in 1822. Konstanty was born in 1786, in Żołudek, Count, landowner, painter, son of Ignacy TYZENHAUZ and Anna / Marianna Biegańska. WALERIA had 5 children: Maria Anna Waleria Przeździecka, Zbigniew Tyzenhauz and 3 other children. Above Konstanty Tyzenhauz died in 1853 in POSTAWY / Pastavy, the Vitebsk province.

Mentioned above Ignacy TYZENHAUZ was the brother of Sophie Victoire de Choiseul-Gouffier [Zofia Tyzenhauz - ?? - born ca 1780, m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840]. Konstanty TYZENHAUZ was the brother of Adolf Rudolf Tyzenhauz.

Anna Soltan was daughter of Stanislaw Soltan and Franciszka Teofila Sołtan nee RADZIWILL! Named above Antoni Wańkowicz b. 1758, died in 1812, was the son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz and Anna Świętorzecka.

We back to IGNACY TYZENHAUZ:

Ignacy Giełgud was the brother of Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813 - son of Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz. also the brother of Antonina von Rönne; half brother of LUDWIK / Liudvikas Gelgaudas; Eleonora Giełgud; and Sofija / Zofia Tyzenhauz.

Barbara Giełgud Tyzenhauz nee Judycka, ca 1740 [not in 1720 !] - 1784, was the wife of Antoni Onufry Giełgud and KAZIMIERZ / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see below !], and the mother of
MIKOLAJ GIELGUD [Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813, was the son of Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz],
Antonina von Rönne [Antonina von Rönne nee Giełgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Giełgud Tyzenhauz; she was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Ogińska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Ogińska]
and ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ / Sofija Tyzenhauzienė - Zofia Tyzenhauz [?? - born ca 1790; acc. to me ca 1780] m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840, with son Aleksander Ignacy Choiseul-Gouffier m. Zofia Hutten-Czapska. ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ m. 2nd to Antoni Tyzenhauz (1756-1816), General, in 1792 was the president of Wilno, MP in 1790, member of the 1794 Uprising. Ignacy TYZENHAUZ was the brother of Sophie Victoire de Choiseul-Gouffier [Zofia Tyzenhauz - ?? - born ca 1780, m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840].

Above Antoni Giełgud (1792-1831) was a Polish general, in 1812 he financed and commanded the 21st Infantry Regiment; in 1831 he was a commanding officer of the 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division under Jan Krukowiecki. A hero of the battles of Wawer, Ostrołęka and Białołęka; then he commanded the 2nd Infantry Division, defeated the Russians in the Battle of Rajgród, but his assault of Wilno failed; after the battle of Ponary he can't to return to Polish main forces and moved on Memel, to cross the Prussian border. "... Giełgud himself soon after crossing the border was shot dead by one of his staff officers...", on 31 August 1831 in Schnaugsten / Šnaukštai, Lithuania.
Antoni Giełgud (1792-1831) / Antanas Gelgaudas, was the son of MIKOLAJ GIELGUD / Mykolas Gelgaudas and Eleonora Tyszkiewicz - Lohojska. Antoni was the brother of JOZEF GIELGUD; Ksawery; and Jan Giełgud.
Above Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813; son of Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz; husband of Eleonora; brother of Antonina von Rönne; half brother of LUDWIK / Liudvikas Gelgaudas; Eleonora Giełgud; Ignacy Giełgud; and Sofija / Zofia Tyzenhauz.

Above Antonina von Rönne nee Giełgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Giełgud Tyzenhauz, was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Ogińska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Ogińska. Above mentioned Maria Tekla Ogińska / Marya Tekla Ogińska born Rönne, in 1804, married 2nd to Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński, and they had 3 daughters: Natalia Gawrońska born Ogińska. Marya married 1st Michał Borewicz in 1813! Michał was born in 1774. They had 5 children: Ludwika Teodora Plater-Zyberk; Antoni Hipolit Borewicz and Ludwik Izydor Borewicz.

Konstanty Tyzenhauz born in 1786, in Żołudek, Count, landowner, painter, was the son of above Ignacy TYZENHAUZ and Anna / Marianna Biegańska. Waleria Tyzenhauz, born Wańkowicz, in 1800 / 1805 - 1841 / 1843, was the daughter of Antoni Wańkowicz and Anna Sołtan b. 1780. Waleria married Konstanty Tyzenhauz in 1822.

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1730 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz - was the husband of above Barbara Giełgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauzienė.
Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.
Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of mentioned above Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Łowicz.
Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika; husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI; ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano; father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski; brother of Teodora Walewska.
Named above Anna nee Pułaska / Joanna Pułaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Józef Pułaski; she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero.

Anastazy Walewski / ATANAZY Colonna-Walewski in 1764 was the Elector of Stanislaw August Poniatowski from the province of Leczyca; he was a member of parliament in 1776; member of the Permanent Council in 1780; 1780, he was awarded the Order of St. Stanislaus. Founder of the palace in Walewice.

Constance Jauch's granddaughter Anna Cieciszowska was sister-in-law of Magdalena Agnieszka Sapiecha 1739 - 1780 - daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and informal consort of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Constance Jauch was sister-in-law of Countess Maria Walewska / Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska 1786 - 1817, mistress of Napoleon Bonaparte. Above Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1730 or 1733, d. 1815 or 1814. He was a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Maria and Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius had one son, Antoni Rudolf Bazyli Colonna-Walewski / Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski (he was an illegitimate child); she 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father; her father Maciej was born circa 1740. She had son Rudolf August d'Ornano. Above Walewski Anastazy / Atanazy was born in 1730 / 1733 / 1735. They had one son Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski. Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.
FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki (Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander), married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723.



Aleksander Puszkin at exile was staying first in Kiszyniow, then in Odessa, Caucasus, and Crimea. In autumn 1824 the penalty was wiped out, exile to the south of Russia was transformed into a retreat in the land property of his mother (it is also the family home of the poet) in the village Michajlowskoje close to Pskov [see Despot Zenowicz, Konstantynowicz and Wrangell]. In 1831 he lived in Boldino near to Moscow / Moskwa.

In 1826, in Moscow, Aleksander Puszkin met Adam Mickiewicz and translated some of his poems.

ADAM MICKIEWICZ in October 1824 moved to St Petersburg with help of Bulharyn. In February 1825 Mickiewicz, Malewski and Jezowski come to Odessa. March 1825 Mickiewicz met General Jan Witt; fell in love Karolina Sobanska; May 1825 Mickiewicz in Akerman; Summer 1825 in Crimea, with Henryk Rzewuski, and General Jan Witt. December 1825 back to Moscow, and
in 1826 was working as a clerk at the office of General - governor, prince Dmitry Golitsyn.
Fall 1826, Mickiewicz meets with Pushkin in MOSCOW. December 1827, a temporary stay in St. Petersburg, back to
Moscow - friendship with pianist Maria Szymanowska.
April 1828, he goes to Petersburg; 1828 in St. Petersburg he meets again with Pushkin, Wiaziemski, Krylov, Zhukovsky, Muchanow, Khomyakov. Mickiewicz has permission to issue a passport thanks Bulharyn; March 1829 Mickiewicz goes to Moscow, April 1829 back to St. Petersburg with Oleszkiewicz. May 1829, Mickiewicz moved at a ship "George II" from Kronstadt by Hamburg, to Berlin.

Above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, in 1789, d. 1831, St. Petersburg; she was a Polish composer, the mother of Celina Szymanowska, who married the Polish Romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz. During his stay in Moscow, Mickiewicz became particularly close to her house. Maria Szymanowska lived with her sister and daughter: Helena and Celina. Maria Szymanowska was pianist, won European fame; Mickiewicz married Celina Szymanowska, the daughter of the famous pianist - a few months before the wedding appeared in the French capital, the former Filaret, Dr. Stanislaw Morawski, loyal friend all over the house of Szymanowska.

Named above Karolina Rozalia Tekla Sobanska nee Rzewuska (1793/1795 - 1885) - Countess, an agent of the Russian tsarist police, wife of Jerome Sobański. Carolina Rzewuska was born as a daughter of Adam Lawrence Rzewuskiego and her siblings were Ewelina Hanska, and Adam RZEWUSKI, Russian general. After completing education in Vienna, she married Jerome Sobański, landowner close to Odessa; 1818 he met Karolina by General Ivan Osipovich de Witte / Jan de Witte. She participated in the social life of the city, and 1823 met Alexander Pushkin. Pushkin fall in love with Sobańska. The next exile, who found himself, surrounded by Witt and Sobański, was Adam Mickiewicz. Sobańska was known as a traitor; August to October 1825, Mickiewicz and Sobanski participated in the expedition to Crimea, but Woroncew arranged Mickiewicz's transfer to Moscow. In 1829 Mickiewicz probably thanks to her left Russia and went to Germany on board an English ship.

Above mentioned General Witt was appointed martial law governor of Warsaw in 1831.

When Adam Mickiewicz arrived in St Petersburg in autumn 1824, the situation of both poets, Pushkin and Mickiewicz, looked similer. In 1826, they met personally.

Brief note on the SZYMANOWSKI genealogy:

Piotr Pawel Szymanowski b. ca 1840 to Michal and Petronela Jaworska; his brother Ludwik Szymanowski 1841 - 1914 was also son of named Michal; Petronela Jaworska b. ca 1810, d. 1864 in Warsaw (?). Piotr Pawel Szymanowski married Leopoldyna Aleksandra Ludwika Sliwinska in 1871; Leopoldyna was born in 1844. They had one daughter Zofia Filipina Pecherski, and son Piotr Marian Szymanowski.

Zofia Filipina Szymanowska, born 1887 - her father named above Ludwik Szymanowski 1841-1914; grandfather was above named Michal Szymanowski 1820-1860.

Wiktor Szymanowski, 1860 - 1860 was son of Michal Szymanowski and Antonina Hentzel / Hensel; Wiktor had brother Stefan Szymanowski; the grandson of above Michal was Kazimierz Michał Szymanowski, born 1873.

Above Michal Szymanowski [junior] 1820-1860, m. 1st to unknown, 2nd to Petronela Jaworska born 1810, d. 1864.

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer named above Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law). Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850?
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland:
Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins:
Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer; children remained with Maria after her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce. Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski [senior] b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.

MARIA SZYMANOWSKA / Maria Korwin-Szymanowska nee Tymieniecka, b. 1883, m. to Michal Ludwik Hieronim Korwin-Szymanowski / Michal Szymanowski;
her daughter was Elzbieta Braun born Szymanowska / Korwin-Szymanowska born in 1906
[Michal Ludwik Hieronim Korwin-Szymanowski was born 1877 or 1878 close to Lowicz {his brother Stanislaw SZYMANOWSKI, 1876-1939, m. Zofia Adela de Makay, 1870-1963 (Barones Adelaide Mackay / McKay)}, son of Ludwik Szymanowski b. 1841, d. 1914 close to Lowicz, m. in 1873, in Przespolew Panski, east of Kalisz in the Kalisz province - RUSSIA]
and Maria Korwin-Szymanowska born Tymieniecka / Maria Szymanowska Tymieniecka.

Elzbieta [died in 1990] married Juliusz Braun who was born in 1904, in Dabrowa Tarnowska. They had 4 children.

Mackay is originally a Scottish family whose members were since 1815 among the Dutch nobility. A Scottish brigadier Aeneas Mackay (1666-1697), married a Dutch woman, Margaret Püchler (1671-1761), daughter of the garrison commander of Tiel. Aenaes Mackay was a son of the Scottish nobleman John Mackay (1612-1680), second baron Reay. His son Daniel (1696-1745) was, like his father, the commander of the Scots Brigade in the Netherlands. He was killed in 1745 during the Austrian War of Succession. His descendants continued to live partly in the Netherlands. Various descendants chose a military career. In 1875, the head of the Dutch family, Aeneas Mackay (1806-1876), taken in Scotland, the title of Baron Reay Reay.
See: Aeneas Mackay (1734-1807); Johan Francois Hendrik Jacob Ernestus Mackay (1807-1846); Eric baron Mackay (1870-1921), 12th baron Reay of Reay, Baronet of Nova Scotia.
Charles Mackay (1814 - 1889) was a Scottish poet, journalist, author, anthologist, novelist, and songwriter. Charles Mackay was born in Perth, Scotland. His father, George Mackay, was a bombardier in the Royal Artillery.


Paolo Mastrolilli at "La Stampa" wrote on the famous and highly discussed friendship between John Paul II and Zbigniew Brzezinski, adviser to President Carter. The newspaper cites joking words of Brzezinski, who said after the death of the Polish pope: When I met with John Paul II always ... he said to me: because you have done me the Pope could visit me more often.
Professor Zbigniew Brzezinski met the pope in the mid-70s when Karol Wojtyla came with a lecture at Harvard University in Boston. On October 16, 1978, when the world learned about the choice of the Polish Pope, President Jimmy Carter asked Zbigniew Brzezinski, what he thinks about this appointment. "I told him enthusiastically, it's an excellent choice...". In 1976 cardinal Wojtyla took advantage of Philadelphia Eucharistic congress and in Harvard's Summer School he talked about 'Alienation or participation';
In 1976, cardinal Wojtyla in the USA met Tymieniecka in the Harvard president's home; the formal invitation to give a lecture in Harvard was made by professor Williams; Tymieniecka's husband, teacher Hendrick Houthakker, who was part of the Nixon's economical advisors group, introduced Wojtyla as 'the future pope'; "on July 27th, after Wojtyla's lecture in Harvard, the following headline could be read in the university newspaper: 'Paul VI's foreseeable successor'..."; and Professor Zbigniew Brzezinski, had 'splendid conversation' about Poland and the world situation. After that, they kept an epistolary relationship.
During the three weeks spent in the USA, the cardinal stayed twice in Tymieniecka's home in the Vermont's forests.

Above mentioned Hendrik Samuel Houthakker b. 1924, died in 2008, was a prominent American economist, at Harvard University in 1960; he served on President Nixon's Council of Economic Advisers from 1969 to 1971.
Hendrik Samuel Houthakker, academic and scholar, a Dutch born but Jewish family; survive the holocaust being sheltered by a Catholic family in the Netherlands; then at the University of Amsterdam in 1949.
Houthakker joined the research staff at Cambridge University [UK];
in 1952, Houthakker moved to the United States to work for the Cowles Commission for Research in Economics at the University of Chicago [see: Zbigniew Brzezinski - moved home in 1952 to USA].
In 1954, the Economics Department at Stanford University, until 1960. 1958 to 1959, he held a Visiting appointment at Harvard University. Houthakker was appointed to the U.S. Council of Economic Advisers where he served as a senior economist from 1966 to 1967. 1969, Houthakker was appointed to the U. S. Council of Economic Advisers for President Nixon.
Professor Houthakker was married to Anna-Theresa Tymieniecka. "... Houthakker's wife had known Karol Wojtyla, the Polish cardinal, before he became Pope John Paul II in 1978. Houthakker was instrumental to have Cardinal Wojtila invited to speak at Harvard prior to 1978. Prior to the then cardinal's lecture, Houthakker introduced Wojtyla as the next pope, a statement that became reality later. The pope recognized Houthakker later, by inviting him to a Vatican Symposium in 1991, and in 2003, the Pope awarded Houthakker with a papal honor".
Professor Houthakker was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. His father, Bernard Houthakker, was an art dealer; mother's family name was Lichtenstein. Bernard Houthakker began an art gallery in Amsterdam in 1909. Bernard Houthakker born in Amsterdam in 1884, died in 1963; he was also father of Louis / Lodewijk / Lodewijk Arnoldus who owned an art gallery in Amsterdam, born in 1926.
Above Bernard Houthakker b. ca 1884, was the son of Samuel Houthakker and Gesina; husband of Marion Lichtenstein; brother of Josephus (Josef) Houthakker and Duifje Houthakker. Above Samuel Houthakker b. 1855 was the father of Josephus (Josef) Houthakker; Duifje Houthakker and Bernard Houthakker. Above Gesina Houthakker ne Voorzanger, b. 1857.

Houthakker's wife, named above Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, was a Polish philosopher and founder of the World Phenomenology Institute; "... through her he became friendly with Karol Wojtyła, subsequently Pope John Paul II".
"Barack Obama Sr. (Barack Obama's father) worked as a research assistant for Houthakker over the summer in 1963 at Harvard".
Barack Hussein Obama Sr. b. 1936, was a Kenyan senior governmental economist and the father of U.S. President Barack Obama.

Mentioned above Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka born 1923 into an aristocratic Polish-French family. In 1956 she married Hendrik S. Houthakker, in 1979 she published, in collaboration with Karol Wojtyła, an English translation of Wojtyla's book 'Person and Act'; she was born NOT in Marianowo, south-east of MLAWA, close to SZYDLOWO, Poland [see below!]; she was the daughter of Wladyslaw Zaremba - Tymieniecki and Baroness Maria Ludwika de Lenval / Maria - Ludwika de Lanval. HOUTHAKKER, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka / Enna-Tiresa Timieniecka, died in 2014.

NOTE:

Bohdan Władysław Zaremba Tymieniecki or Bogdan / Bohdan ZAREMBA-Tymieniecki, was born in Warsaw, then he was living in Paris, war in 1939 in Poland, Colonel in Italy [author with a nickname Visconsini, Amadeo], a landowner before 1939 - was the brother of ANNA-TERESA Tymieniecka! Anna Teresa was born on Feb 28 1923 in Marianowo, in the Rypin County, close to Golub-Dobrzyn and RYPIN - but not near by Mlawa. Her mother was Maria-Ludwika de Lanval Tymieniecka / LENVAL.
Wife of above Bogdan / Bohdan was Joanna Tymieniecka Burhardt, b. 1920, daughter of Stanisław Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki and Jadwiga Beck.
Above Jadwiga Beck nee Sałkowska, b. 1896 in Lublin, died in 1974 in London, UK, daughter of Wacław Sałkowski and Jadwiga Maria; wife of General Stanisław Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki and Colonel Józef Beck, III - mother of Joanna Tymieniecka.
Above Stanisław Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki b. 1890 in Cannes, France, died in 1942 in Edinburgh; he was the son of Jan Krzysztof Burhardt and Salomea Otylia Burhardt; father of Joanna Tymieniecka.
Above Józef Beck, III born in 1894 in Warszawa, died in 1944 in Stanesti, Romania, son of Alojzy Beck, II and Bronisława Filipina; husband of Maria Wiktoria Janiszewska and Jadwiga Beck; Józef Beck - Polish politician, a diplomat, a close associate of Josef Pilsudski, Colonel of the Polish Army.
Above named Stanisław Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki - b. in Cannes, France, d. in Edinburgh, Division General of the Polish Army. He was the grandson of the November insurgent and the son of the January uprising. He studied in Czestochowa, and then began his studies at the Technical University of Lvov. Since 1906 he participated in the independence movement. After the outbreak of World War I in Legions. The commander of the second platoon; after the oath crisis interned in Beniaminów. In October 1918 he appointed commander of the Polish underground troops in the territories occupied by the Austrian army.
Named above Joanna Tymieniecka was the daughter of Stanisław Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki.
Explanation to above named MARIANOWO: we know also about Szyszynek part of the village Marianowo, in the district of Konin and close to Ślesin. Szyszynek north of KONIN. See Parzynów in 1767 - Paweł de Tymieniecki was the owner, + Elżbieta nee Zielonacka - Siewierska; Parzynów - close to KOBYLA GORA - see Kiedrzynski and PSARSKI; south of Ostrzeszow.
Note at margin -
1. Krystyna Maslowska of Wieluń, daughter of Andrzej, was married in 1722 to Zygmunt Zaremba Tymieniecki of Wieluń, widowed in 1725, died before 1742.
2. Tymieniecka, Maria, nee Jakubowska, sister of the mother of Gombrowicz Witold;
3. Tymieniecka, Maria nee Bagniewska, m. Lucjan Tymieniecki, mother of Adam Tymieniecki, died in Warszawa;
4. Tymieniecki, Kazimierz: 1887-1968, Prof. in 1915;
5. Tymieniecki, Mirosław - nick name Mirek Tymieniecki, next of kin to above Gombrowicz, lived in Buenos Aires.
6. Wincenty Tymieniecki b. ca 1850, come from Świnice Warckie west of LECZYCA. Married in 1888, Płock; his next of kin was above named Kazimierz Tymieniecki m. Barbara Wstowska.
7. Seweryn Anzelm Tymieniecki b. 1847 - Kalisz, d. 1916 - Warszawa , married to Justyna Jabłkowska b. 1853, with son Feliks Tymieniecki 1890-1979 who married to Jadwiga Cichowska 1911-1997 daughter of Kazimierz Cichowski 1887-1937 !
8. W. Tymieniecki b. 1903 in Sieradz.
9. Janusz Tymieniecki of Brzeźno near to Lipno [see Golub-Dobrzyn and PLOCK !]; owner of Brzeźno, d. in DACHAU - ? - in 1941; next of kin to Grzegorz Braun son of prof. Kazimierz Braun, writer, and Zofia Reklewska; grandson of Juliusz Braun, solicitor and Elżbieta Szymanowska from Mokrsko, or Mokrsko Dolne belonged in 1823 to Cheliński, then to Tymieniecki; 1931 to Michał Szymanowski, in 1936 in Mokrsko Dolne was born above Kazimierz Braun, actor, writer.
Relatives: Wincenty Sebastian Reklewski owner of Mirogonowice, and Anna Danuta Reklewska nee Wasiutyński. Grzegorz Braun is the great-grandson of Karol Braun, and Henryka Miller, and
Michał Szymanowski owner of MOKRSKO Dolne, and his wife Maria Szymanowska nee Tymieniecka.
Michał Ludwik Hieronim Szymanowski m. Maria Tymieniecka that is Maria Korwin-Szymanowska Tymieniecka, born 1883.
10. Kazimierz Dionizy Tymieniecki 1887 - 1968, son of - ? - Jan 1850-1914 and Zofia Chelińska.

Zaremba-Tymieniecki, or Tyminiecki, come from Tymieniec / Tyminiec, Wielki and Mały Tymieniec in the Kalisz county, near to Szczytniki, then Tymieniec Mały belonged to Kuklinowski with the Zaremba coat of arms, and they taken new surname - nickname Tymieniecki:
Seweryn (1847-1916), lawyer;
Wincenty (1871-1934), bishop in Lodz in 1921-1934;
Kazimierz (1887-1968), Profesor in Poznań;
Prof. Anna Teresa Tymieniecka (1923-2014);
ALEKSY Erazm Tymieniecki (ca 1800-1862), son of Stanisław and Eleonora Krąkowska, he was the owner of Orpelów and Poleszyn, died in Ldzań, 1st m. in 1834, Łask, to Kunegunda Kobylańska (1794-1845), daughter of Teresa Siemiątkowska, died in Młodawin; 2nd in 1845 to Izabela Elżanowska (1819-after 1845), with children: Emilia; Edmund; Józef.
11. MARIANNA Tekla Tymieniecka (ca 1823- after 1845), born in Beleń in the Sieradz province, m. in 1845 in Kalisz to Antoni Józef Ruszkowski son of Karolina Bielski.

Above TYMIENIEC:
Stanisław Felicjan Błeszyński b. 1818 in Huta Stara, owner of Huta Stara in the Warsaw province, was son of Grzegorz Jan Błeszyński b. 1790 in Kamyk (see Kiedrzynski), died before 1833, grandson of Jan Chrzciciel Władysław Błeszyński b. 1754 in Błeszno and Franciszka nee Kiedrzyńska. Stanisław Felicjan Błeszyński was son of Helena Trepka b. ca 1790, d. after 1848, daughter of Jan; she married second time in 1830 to Antoni Felicjan Fundament Karśnicki b. 1789, d. 1836 in Kuźnica Marianowa, the Wieluń county, who was son of Wincenty Paulo Jakub Karsnicki b. 1762 in Tymieniec near Kalisz, and Franciszka Bajkowska (see Kiedrzynski).
12. KRZEMIENIEC in the Volhynia, here was living the SZEMIOT Stanisław Alojzy 1887-1940, son of Wincenty and Zofia Grocholska, married to Maria Leona 1896-1975 in Roma nee Czosnowska, daughter of Izydor Stanisław Czosnowski and Maria Katarzyna Dorota nee Lenval; child: Tadea Gabriela.
Above Zofia Szemiot (Grocholska) 1846 - 1922, daughter of Mieczysław Grocholski and Stefania Grocholska.

Acc. to 'Yearbook of the Mazovian Museum' in Plock, 2011: the Mazovian Museum in Plock presents a collection of art, among others a bronze medal - 1896 - of Baroness Maria de Lenval and Izydor S. Czosnowski in Rome.
They had son Leon Jan Seweryn Czosnowski (1898-1981), born in Rome (Italy). Czosnowski Isidore was born in 1857. As one of six children of Jan Czosnowski and and Maria Jełowicka. Grandfather Leon, born in 1791. Jan Hilary Czosnowski served as Speaker of the county of Krzemieniec. His great-grandfather was Jan Antoni / John Anthony Czosnowski, Castellan of Wyszogrod, born around 1724. A great-grandmother Tekla Skarbek, derived from the old count's family. In 1760, above Leon Czosnowskiego received the rank of colonel of the royal army. In 1763 he was governor of Vinnytsia / Winnica. Since 1766 LEON served as chamberlain of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski and his wife, Teresa Garczyński received the Pisarzówka property in the district of Krzemieniec. Izydor Czosnowski married Maria de Lenval. Their wedding was held in Vienna in 1893. Czosnowski settled in Rome, where he was the owner of several houses as Colonna Czosnowski.
He had two daughters, Helena and Maria, and a son, named Leon.
Isidore Czosnowski died in Rome in 1934. And Leon Czosnowski then settled permanently in Laski. Izydor Stanisław Czosnowski, 1857-1934, m. in 1893, Wiedeń, to above mentioned Maria Katarzyna Dorota Lenval de Lenval, 1873-1942, daughter of Leon Władysław Loewenstein de Lenval, 1836-1900 and Maria Helena Kronenberg, 1853-1896.
Leon Czosnowski was in 1925 a member of the Kornilowicz society; was also active for the Polish diplomatic service. Since 1934, when he moved to Laski he worked (until September 1939) at the Publishing House "Verbum"; 1939 he was mobilized, and after the September Campaign deported into the Soviet Union, where, together with the Anders Army came to Persia. After the war he remained in exile in London, where he served as Secretary General of the Polish Catholic University Association "Veritas", founded in 1945, by Monsignor Stanislaw Belch. Leon Czosnowski back to Laski in 1976, d. in 1981.

13. Kajetan MADALINSKI 1740 - d. ca 1784, landlord of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. before 1773 to Dorota Kiedrzynska (1740-1784) daughter of Andrzej and Franciszka nee Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski (b. ca 1730) son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski died in 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska. Kajetan was son of Aleksander Madalinski owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow, who m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska / Walichnowska, and Kajetan had sister Kontancja m. Dominik Zelislawski, 2nd Maksymilian Pradzynski.
Kajetan's children:
1. Jakub Madalinski 1775 - 1833 m. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 (daughter of Jan Kanty Psarski) with daughter Pulcheria Anna Magdalena Madalinska m. to Józef Julian Kazimierz Kolumna-Walewski b. 1787;
2. Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn, and Chodaki m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski, d. 1809, with daughter Kunegunda born before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki.

Note on Wola Pszczólecka village:
1. Tymieniecka Tekla nee Kobiecki in Lobudzice - inf. 1825; Tekla born ca 1812, m. Antoni Tymieniecki of Wola Pszczólecka.
2. GATKIEWICZ / Gadkiewicz Alojzy Paulin b. ca 1804, d. 1852 in Wola Pszczólecka, owner of Jaworow, m. Franciszka Chlapowska d. 1836, daughter of Ludwik Chlapowski and Tekla Sokolnicka, m. 2nd to Faustyna Lykowska; with son Tomasz GATKIEWICZ 1828- 1894 in Srem, married in Wola Pszczólecka to Anna Sokolnicka.

3. Acc. to E. H. Nejman:
SULIMIERSKI Sebastian married to Marianna Stokowska, with son Michal who died in ca 1780, and bought Lubiec with Kuznica near Lubiec, south-east of Wola Pszczolecka in 1745, and also bought Wola Pszczolecka, m. to
Elzbieta Miniszewska, 2nd to Katarzyna Szczepanska - Swiatkowska, with children:
1. JAN m. Miniszewska,
2. FRANCISZEK - a branch of Stryje Paskowe (? Piaskowe),
3. JÓZEF SULIMIERSKI owner of [near to WOLA PSZCZOLECKA] Lubiec, Kuznica, m. Franciszka Wierzchlejska;
4. IGNACY SULIMIERSKI owner of Wola Pszczólecka (in 1781) married to Marianna Wyszlawska, daughter of Mikolaj and Elzbieta Wierzchleyska.

Acc. to Ralph Schor, we know on Leon Ladislaus Löwenstein / Lenval Jean Ladislas Loewenstein, baron de, by 'Dictionnaire historique et biographique du comte de Nice'; he was the brother of Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein de Lenval, baron, son of Jakub and Dorota Kronenberg.
Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka / Enna-Tiresa Timieniecka, died in 2014 come from the barons Loewenstein de Lenval.
Above Leon Władysław baron Loewenstein de Lenval, 1836 in Warsaw - 1900, son of above Jakub and Dorota Kronenberg, m. Maria Helena Kronenberg; Leon Ladislaus Lowenstein received on May 17, 1881 the name 'of Lenval', the Duke of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha baron. His brother Severin Heinrich Lowenstein received the Decree of the ducal Saxon State Ministry in Coburg on the 12 May 1883 name to 'Lenval' and was Saxony-Coburg Baron.
Leon Władysław Loewenstein de Lenval was industrialist and philanthropist. He was the third son among five children of a wealthy Jewish merchant Jacob Loewenstein and Dorothy Kronenberg, older sister of Leopold Kronenberg; after graduating in 1855 of the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry at Marymont in Warsaw, he worked as administrator of property of Kronenberg in Brzezie in the area of Włocławek. 1857 - went to Calvinism. 1882 lived mainly in Brussels and Nice. After death in 1883 of his eleven-year-son Leon Mieczyslaw, a major part of its assets allocated to charity. 1885 he founded in Nice sanatorium for children, increased by his brother Seweryn; LEON was married to his cousin Maria Helena Kronenberg (d. 1895), with whom he had a son Mieczyslaw Leon and daughter Mary Catherine Dorothy, married in 1893 by Isidore Colonna-Czosnowski. The Lenval Foundation was created in 1888 by Baron Ladislav Loewenstein Lenval who had lost a son; in Nice, is located the hospital that bears his name.

Note on the Kronenberg family and BRZEZIE close to Wloclawek:

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK [see Lipno and Plock !], close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brześć Kujawski.

Janusz Tymieniecki of Brzeźno near to Lipno [see Golub-Dobrzyn and PLOCK !]; owner of Brzeźno, d. in DACHAU - ? - in 1941; next of kin to Grzegorz Braun son of prof. Kazimierz Braun, writer, and Zofia Reklewska; grandson of Juliusz Braun, solicitor and Elżbieta Szymanowska from Mokrsko, or Mokrsko Dolne belonged in 1823 to Cheliński, then to Tymieniecki; 1931 to Michał Szymanowski, in 1936 in Mokrsko Dolne was born above Kazimierz Braun, actor, writer.

BRZEZIE was the land property of Józef Dąmbski, b. ca 1810, son of Józef Walenty Dąmbski b. 1777 and Marcjanna Marianna Leszczyńska born 1785.
Jozef Dambski's great-grandparents:
Tomasz Dąmbski of Inowrocław, 1690-1748;
Łukasz Madaliński of Kowal, b. 1700;
Andrzej Leszczyński of Rawa Mazowiecka b. 1700; Franciszek Kazimierz Lanckoroński of Brzezie and of Rawa Mazowiecka, 1723-1785; Marianna Kolczyńska b. 1690;
Ewa Estko b. 1740 [see KOSCIUSZKO];
Bazylea Woyczyńska 1720-1751; and Eleonora Garczyńska 1722-1802.

Please remember on Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 (60s of the 19 cent. emigrated ?? to Austrian Galicia), married before 1865 to Zuzanna Mayer [born ca 1840 / 1845 ?]; they were living in Zolkiew. Zbigniew Brzezinski come from named Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr.

Marianna Agata Wolowska that is above Maria Szymanowska married Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811-61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins Celina SZYMANOWSKA (1812-55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812-40), who became an engineer.
Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer.
Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski
[Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoroński of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoroński 1777-1850 m. Ewa Męcińska, and Julia Barbara Lanckorońska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski].

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer. She was born in Warsaw, the daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. She studied in WARSAW with Charles Mayer / Carl MAYER. Mayer was the pupil of John Field. John Field (1782 - 1837 in MOSCOW) was an Irish pianist, composer, and teacher. Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [?? - Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 - see above !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law). Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michał Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brześć Kujawski, then it was the land of Miączyński, next the property to the Kronenbergs [with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo].
1873 - new palace; Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and Brzezie taken his children: Stanisław Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887), then Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937); 1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg; the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg. Above Leopold Stanisław Kronenberg b. 1812, d. 1878 in Nice, was the Polish banker, investor and financier of Jewish origin, one of the leaders before the January Uprising 1863. He came from a wealthy family of Jewish rabbis. His father was Samuel Eleazar Kronenberg (1773-1826) led the banking activities in Warsaw. Mother Tekla Levi (1775-1848);
Leopold Stanisław Kronenberg had seven siblings: Louis, Rosalie, Stanislaw Solomon, Dorota (mother of Seweryn Loewenstein !), Mary, Henry Andrew / Henryk Andrzej Kronenberg [see below !] and Wladyslaw Alphonsus. He was married to Ernestyna Rozalia Leo (1827-1893).

Above Baron Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein (b. 1833, d. 1895) - Polish entrepreneur and manufacturer of Jewish origin. He was born as the son of James and above named Dorothy Kronenberg (sister of Leopold). He was the brother of Leon. He was a co-founder and co-owner of plants Lilpop, Rau and Loewenstein in Warsaw. 1884 baron of the Saxon-Coburg-Gotha Duchy under Ernest II Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha.

Baron Leon Władysław Loewenstein de Lenval married Maria Helena Kronenberg (1853-1895, daughter of Henryk Andrzej Kronenberg),
with children: Leon Mieczysław (b. 1872) and
Maria Katarzyna Dorota (b. 1873, m. Count Izydor Colonna-Czosnowski).

See: Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski (1759 - 1790), m. Elzbieta Bielska d. ca 1809, owner of Petlikowce Stare 1799-1809; with children:

1. Justyna Kalinowska (1790 - 1876 in Paris), owner of above Petlikowce, m. 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki b. 1785; 2nd m. Józef Oechsner [b. ca 1790];

Justyna Kalinowska had children:

a. Malwina Magdalena Russocka Css, 1812-1904, m. Stanislaw Andrzej Anastazy Radolinski with:
Gustaw Piotr Józef Radolinski b. 1834, Alfred Radolinski b. 1835 m. Anna Niemojowska b. 1838;
b. Wlodzinierz Józef RUSSOCKI, MP in Galicja (1861-1889) 1818-1890, m. Izabela Apolonia Dunin-Borkowska, with son Wladyslaw Apolinary August Russocki 1841-1908,
with son Artur Maria Ludwik Russocki, 1860-1918, m. Izabela Maria Hutten-Czapska, Css, 1871-1911.
c. Oskar Oechsner, 1820-1877.

On above Stanislaw Andrzej Anastazy Radolinski - he was grandson of Kajetan Radolinski

{KAJETAN'S children:
1. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. 1750, m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski of Sieradz, 1747-1792, with:
Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863 m. Józef Niemojowski 1760-1836; Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski 1778-1845 m. Tekla Walewska 1783-1862; Wincenty Walewski 1785-1820 m. Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska 1791-1843;
2. Karolina Radolinska 1757-1824,
3. Piotr RADOLINSKI, MP in 1790, 1760-1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849

[SISTER of Antoni Józef Lanckoroński of Brzezie 1777-1850 + Ewa Męcińska b. 1789 / 1790 {maybe ca 1780} daughter of ADAM 1740-1796 - see JEDLNO and KIEDRZYNSKI.
See LANCKORONSKI and BRZEZINSKI:
Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1771 / 1780 - 1849 / 1850?
Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski
(Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoroński of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755;
Barbara was sister of:
Antoni Józef Lanckoroński 1777-1850 m. Ewa Męcińska,
and Julia Barbara Lanckorońska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski).
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski - more below!]

with children:
Izabela Kunegunda Maria Radolinska b. 1794 m. 1st to Jan Chryzostom Guillaume; m. 2nd to Józef Walewski 1784-1827;
Maria Radolinska b. 1795 m. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski [see: Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie, Krześlow with Wola Pszczolecka, Kurow - Kiedrzynski; and Kurówka bought in 1818],
Emma Joanna Radolinska 1798-1829 m. Romuald Jan Garczynski,
Józefa Radolinska born in 1800, m. Józef Fundament-Karsnicki 1784-1862,
Ludwik Radolinski 1802-1850,
Stanislaw Andrzej Anastazy Radolinski b. 1805 m. Malwina Magdalena Russocka of BRZEZIE 1812-1904,
Roman Wiktor Radolinski 1806-1876,
Wlodzimierz Teofil Radolinski b. 1810,
Aleksander Eustachy Piotr Radolinski b. 1816 m. Eliza Lubienska.

4. Felicja Radolinska 1760-1826}.

2. Józef Kalinowski [b. ca 1790], owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnówka, Lubar, Udnow, m. Emilia Potocka (b. ca 1791 in Guzów) daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki (b. 1761 in Guzów), and Marianna Maria Lubomirska (2 m. Walerian Zubow, 3 m. Teodor Uwarow);

3. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski [b. ca 1795] m. Hortensja Karsnicka d. 1881, owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki;
Hortensja Karsnicka was married to:
1 m. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski,
2 m. Ludwik Jablonowski,
3 m. Józef Jakubowicz.

Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski had child:
Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) + Cecylia Szeliska.

Above Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein, baron (1833 - 1895) that is Severin Heinrich Lenval formerly Löwenstein, born in Warsaw, was the brother of Florentine (Löwenstein) Meurer and Levin Ladislaus (Löwenstein) von Lenval [Stanisław Jakub Loewenstein; Flora Toeplitz; Leon Władysław Loewenstein, baron and Mieczysław Mikołaj Loewenstein].
Seweryn's children are unknown!
In Coburg on May 12, 1883, he changed his last name from Löwenstein to Lenval; on February 7, 1884, he was raised to the nobility as a baron. He apparently never married? - acc. to notes by Michael Meurer.
Above Maria Katarzyna Dorota Czosnowska (Loewenstein) 1873 - 1942, wife of Isidor (Colonna-Czosnowski) Czosnowski, married in 1893 in Vienna, Austria, was the mother of Helena Maria Lubienska.
Above FLORA: Florentine Meurer formerly Löwenstein aka Toeplitz, Töplitz, born on 8 Feb 1835 in Warsaw, was wife of unknown Toeplitz, before 1874, 2nd to Heinrich Albert Meurer in 1874 in Dresden, with Dosia (Toeplitz) Wolf, Stanislaus Toeplitz and Lolo Toeplitz; died in 1885 in Halle.

Professor Tymieniecka Houthakker was the daughter of Wladyslaw Zaremba Tymieniecki and Baroness Maria Ludwika de Lenval, but we know only about Bohdan Władysław Tymieniecki / Bohdan Władysław Zaremba Tymieniecki - before the war landowner. Cavalry officer in 1939, later Colonel, twice awarded the Order of Military Virtue, after the war in exile in Britain. Bibliophile, bridge player. Son in law of Jozef Beck.

Note at margin: Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl b. 1859, Prostejov, Moravia, Austrian Empire, was a mathematician and philosopher, the founder of phenomenology. Born into a Moravian Jewish family, he was baptized as a Lutheran in 1887. Max Scheler met Husserl in Halle; "... Husserl also had some influence on Pope John-Paul II, which appears strongly in a work by the latter, The Acting Person, or Person and Act. It was originally published in 1969 in collaboration with the Polish phenomenologist Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka.


Please, you remember, there are two or three important in our context the villages called Brzezie.
A landproperty of that name, Brzezie, is located between Wloclawek and Radziejów, close to the village WIENIEC and Bądkowo [see KRONENBERG].
The second village called Brzezie is located in the south of the Poland. From there come: Adam of Brzezie Russocki, Krzysztof from Brzezie Rusocki - inf 1784; Marcyan of Brzezie Russocki and Maxymilian Russocki from Brzezie. They are Protestants.
The most famous family Paszkowski, with the coat of arms Zadora, signed himself "from Brzezie." It is Brzezie, close to - west of Bochnia - Bochnia and north of Gdow; south-east of Cracow !! Brzezie above named is situated at half way from Wieliczka to Bochnia!
Family Paszkowski has common origin with Lanckoroński [and so Brzezie of family Paszkowski, family Russocki and family Lanckoroński should be the same].
All these families signed "the Brzezie" and have a Zadora coat of arms.

There is certain village called Brzeznica k. Skawina = Brzeznica, north-west of Paszkowka. This Brzeznica is situated near to Brzezinka - all named above south-west of Cracow and north-west of Paszkówka. Seweryn Paszkowski married in 1638 with Marianna Russocka (further cousin), who was the proprietress of Brzezie, close to - west of Bochnia - Bochnia and north of Gdow; south-east of Cracow !!. One of the most famous representatives is Stanislaw Paszkowski of Brzezie with the ZADORA coat of arms.

However, Paszkówka (previously Paszkowice) was the ancestral seat of the family Paszkowski. More or less, from approx. 1420 to 1430 above Paszkowka goes to the Rusocki / RUSSOCKI family with coat Zadora. Paszkówka - south-west of Cracow - otherwise Pobiedrze. Paszkowscy had also at the end of the 18th century, Skotniki. Skotniki - south-west part of Cracow now.

And one more curiosity or total error !: acc. Wikipedia! - Lanckoroński is a surname of Polish nobility. The Lanckoroński family was based in Krakow and Sandomierz, and ... The family used the Zadora coat of arms. The family name comes from the village of Lanckorona and the site of a castle. The family had previously hailed from Brzezie (today a part of village Wodzisław). ... Wodzisław is a village in the Jędrzejów County, the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland.

The Russocki family and BRZEZIE [close to - west of Bochnia - Bochnia and north of Gdow; south-east of Cracow!]:

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski (1759 - 1790), m. Elzbieta Bielska d. ca 1809, owner of Petlikowce Stare 1799-1809; with daughter: Justyna Kalinowska (1790 - 1876 in Paris), owner of above Petlikowce, m. 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki b. 1785; 2nd m. Józef Oechsner [b. ca 1790]; Justyna Kalinowska had children:
a. Malwina Magdalena Russocka Css, 1812-1904, m. Stanislaw Andrzej Anastazy Radolinski with: Gustaw Piotr Józef Radolinski b. 1834, Alfred Radolinski b. 1835 m. Anna Niemojowska b. 1838;
b. Wlodzinierz Józef RUSSOCKI, MP in Galicja (1861-1889) 1818-1890, m. Izabela Apolonia Dunin-Borkowska, with son Wladyslaw Apolinary August Russocki 1841-1908, with son Artur Maria Ludwik Russocki, 1860-1918, m. Izabela Maria Hutten-Czapska, Css, 1871-1911.

Stanislaw Andrzej Anastazy Radolinski - he was grandson of Kajetan Radolinski

{KAJETAN'S children:
1. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. 1750, m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski of Sieradz, 1747-1792, with: Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863 m. Józef Niemojowski 1760-1836; Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski 1778-1845 m. Tekla Walewska 1783-1862; Wincenty Walewski 1785-1820 m. Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska 1791-1843;
2. Karolina Radolinska 1757-1824,
3. Piotr RADOLINSKI, MP in 1790, 1760-1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849

[SISTER of Antoni Józef Lanckoronski of Brzezie 1777-1850 + Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 / 1790 {maybe ca 1780} daughter of ADAM 1740-1796 - see JEDLNO and KIEDRZYNSKI.
See LANCKORONSKI and BRZEZINSKI:
Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer.
Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1771 / 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski
(Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 who married to Ewa Mecinska, and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski).
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski - more below!]

with children:
Izabela Kunegunda Maria Radolinska b. 1794 m. 1st to Jan Chryzostom Guillaume; m. 2nd to Józef Walewski 1784-1827;
Maria Radolinska b. 1795 m. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski [see: Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie, Krzeslow with Wola Pszczolecka, Kurow - Kiedrzynski; and Kurówka bought in 1818],
Emma Joanna Radolinska 1798-1829 m. Romuald Jan Garczynski,
Józefa Radolinska born in 1800, m. Józef Fundament-Karsnicki 1784-1862,
Ludwik Radolinski 1802-1850,
Stanislaw Andrzej Anastazy Radolinski b. 1805 m. Malwina Magdalena Russocka of BRZEZIE 1812-1904,
Roman Wiktor Radolinski 1806-1876,
Wlodzimierz Teofil Radolinski b. 1810,
Aleksander Eustachy Piotr Radolinski b. 1816 m. Eliza Lubienska.

4. last KAJETAN'S daughter - Felicja Radolinska 1760-1826}.

Above Malwina Magdalena Russocka of BRZEZIE - 1812-died 1904, daughter of Józef Tomasz Tomasz Russocki of BRZEZIE, 1785-1862
[son of Mikolaj Russocki, 1745-1818, owner of Slawice, Witowice, Slonowice, Wymyslow, Zaryszyn, Count in 1800, MP in 1782],
and Justyna Kalinowska
[1790 - died 1876, daughter of Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 {son of Ignacy Kalinowski and grandson of Józef Kalinowski and Anna Lanckoronska}, and Elzbieta Bielska];
MALWINA was the wife of mentioned above Stanislaw Radolinski and the mother of Gustaw Radolinski and Alfred Radolinski; she was the sister of Wlodzimierz Wlodzinierz Józef Russocki, Count.


Acc. to Dr Michal Kobieracki:

Franciszek Walewski in 1743 sold Wieruszow to his son Aleksander Walewski;
this branch come from: Zygmunt Walewski (1670-1716), m. Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Parnu. They had: Justyna and 2 sons: Franciszek and Aleksander.

Franciszek sold his Ukrainian assets [in Ukraina he was the owner since 1720 + RUSIEC and Koniecpol] to Lubomirski.
Franciszek Walewski died on 2 February 1745, married 3 or 4 times. 1st to Cecylia Dambska of Lubraniec with sons:
Aleksander Walewski older, b. January 1719, died 1779;
Adam Szymon, b. Oct. 1721,
and daughters:
Rozalia b. September 1719, d. 1749, m. Jozef Siemianowski;
Jadwiga Teresa b. 1720.
2nd wife of Franciszek Walewski - Countess Frankenberg but no children;
3rd in Sept. 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and ZOFIA RADOLINSKA of Rembieszow.
They had 3 sons:
Franciszek Ksawery Walewski b. Oct. 1739;
Tomasz;
Stefan.

Above FRANKENBERG:

Css Anna Maria Frankenberg born in ca 1683, as Sobeck von Kornitz / de Sobeck et Kornitz
{see Karl Heinrich, Graf Sobek von Kornitz, von Rauthen, b. ca 1683, died in Raciborz in 1738, son of Rudolph Sobek von Kornitz d. 1699 (RUDOLF was the son of Georg Sobek von Kornitz and Anna SKRABIENSKA / Skrbensky. Maybe RUDOLF was the father of mentioned above Anna Maria b. ca 1683 ?), and Maria Anna von Rauten. He was married two times to Helene Marklowsky / Helena Marklowska, and to Maximiliana Liboria Josefa Verdugo},
married 1st to Jan Moryc Frankenberg {see below}, with one daughter: Anna Zuzanna Walewski born Frankenberg. 2nd married to above FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin.
We know about Abraham Frankenberg in 17th cent. in Bohemia; in 1790 - Johann Heinrich von FRANKENBERG; in 1785 - FRANKENBERG-SCHELLENDORF, Johann Heinrich; Antonie Von Frankenberg Und Ludwigsdorf born Von Sobeck-Kornitz. Frederic- Antoine Count Hohen-Neufchateau, b. 1726, General, served Austria, m. in 1774 to Ernestine-Josephine de Sobeck et Kornitz, b. 1753. they had: 1. Joseph Guillaume Frederic b. 1776; 2. Herman b. 1777, service to Prussia, m. Baronesse Caroline de Weyher.
Maria Amalia Sobeck von Sobeck von Kornitz, 1748 - 1830, was the daughter of Felix Frantisek Erdmann Sobeck of Kornic and Maria Cacilia Walburgis / Johanna- Nepomuzena Felizitas Josepha von Saurau; Maria Amalia was the wife of Joseph Vetter von der Lilie.
See: Franz Joseph von Saurau, b. 1760 in Vienna, Austria, died in 1832 in Florence, in Tuscany, Italy [see OGINSKI], son of Maria Karl von Saurau and Maria Antonia von Daun; husband of Maria Antonia von Lodron - inf. under copyright by George J. Homs in 2015 at geni.com.
Above named Anna Maria Frankenberg born Sobeck von Kornitz / de Sobeck et Kornitz, that is Anna Maria Freiin von Frankenberg und Proschlitz (Freiin von Sobeck und Kornitz): she was 1st the wife of Johann Moritz Freiherr von Frankenberg und Proschlitz, with daughter Sophia Elisabeth Freiin von Strachwitz und Gross-Zauche.
Galina Lessel at geni.com:
Sophia Elisabeth Freiin von Strachwitz und Gross-Zauche (Freiin von Frankenberg und Proschlitz) born 1702, died in 1758 in Pitschen, was the daughter of Johann Moritz Freiherr von Frankenberg und Proschlitz and above Anna Maria von Sobeck und Kornitz;
married to Johann Friedrich von Strachwitz und Gross-Zauche, with children: Johann Friedrich Freiherr von Strachwitz und Gross-Zauche; Karl Joseph von Strachwitz und Gross-Zauche und Camminetz, Graf Strachwitz von Gross Zauche und Camminetz.
Above mentioned Johann Friedrich Freiherr von Strachwitz und Gross-Zauche, b. 1679 in Lubliniec {Austria}, died in 1731 in Czestochowa {Poland}, was the son of Joanna Maria KOSZUCKA of Stare Olesno / Alt-Rosenberg {west of Klobuck and Krzepice - see Kiedrzynski, ca 25 km west of the Polish ex-border, in Austria}, died in 1731 in Czestochowa.
Byczyna that is above named Pitschen, south of Wieruszow, 5 km south to the Polish ex-border.
Raciborz - south of present POLAND.
LUBLINIEC:
in 1327-1336, most of the Silesian principalities paid homage to John Luxembourg. In 1348 Charles IV Luxembourg made the incorporation of Silesia and Lausitz to the Crown of the Kingdom of Bohemia / Czech. After the death of Ludwik of the Jagiello family in 1526, the Kingdom of Bohemia with Silesia got under the rule of the Habsburg dynasty / Austria. In 1741 / 1742 Lubliniec / Lublinitz / Loben / Lublin Śląski went with the majority of Silesia from the Habsburg Monarchy in the borders of Prussia. In 1812 the owner of Lubliniec was Franciszek Grotowski.

Above Aleksander Walewski older, owner of Wieruszow, in 1761 officer in Piotrkow, m. ELZBIETA MECINSKA of Wielun; she was the owner of Wieruszow or Franciszek Walewski was the owner, and sold Wieruszow in 1743 to Aleksander Walewski.
Elzbieta had 3 sons:
[Michal and Daniel taken Wieruszow]
Jozef b. 1747 or 1743;
Michal born 1749;
Daniel b. 1750 or 1751.
Daniel was the friend of Hugo Kollataj.
Michal since 1788 was owner of all Wieruszow estate, to 1793 - in this year Wieruszow was sold to German.
Michal Walewski was near to the Magnuski family and to families from GREBANIN and Baranow.
Above Elzbieta had daughters:
Salomea b. August 1775, m. Jozef Kielczewski of KOWAL;
Felicjanna b. July 1777 + Ignacy Trzebinski.

Above Michal Walewski son of Aleksander, was the King court official; married Salomea Psarska of MYSLNIEW close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski and Psarski]; she was the daughter of Sebastian PSARSKI and Teresa Niemojewska.
They had daughter Tekla m. Count Aleksander Walewski.

Above named Jozef b. 1747 or 1743, died 1792, m. PAULINA RADOLINSKA;
in ca 1775 Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO, Borki and Jankowice close to Jedlno, and also of Kalinowa close to Zdunska Wola.
Jozef had daughter Ludwika m. Jozef Niemojewski; and Jozef had 2 sons:
Aleksander married to cousin - TEKLA [see above !].


The network of the Mielzynski family, Oginski, Kalinowski, von Ronne, Walewski, Tyzenhauz, Gielgud: Jedlno - Panemune Castle / Poniemuń - Gargsdai / Gargzdai / Gorzdy / Garsden / Gargždai / Gorżdy - Baszkow:

Jedlno was property of Elzbieta Walewska nee Mecinska and her son, who sold Wieruszow in 1793; then this family owned also Wola Wiazowa and Rusiec. Details:
Salomea Kielczewska of Walewice nee Walewska, 1750 - 1814, daughter of Aleksander Walewski and Elzbieta Walewska from Kurozweki nee Mecinska. Aleksander was born circa 1720. Elzbieta Mecinska was born circa 1720.
Salomea had 2 brothers: Józef Kalasanty Walewski and Michal Walewski (Michal was father of Tekla Colonna-Walewska); Salomea married Józef Kielczewski in 1775; Józef was born in 1750. They had one daughter: Weronika Maslowska nee Kielczewska. Elzbieta Walewska was born to Felicjanna Mecinska.

We are looking for data on:

1. FRANCISZEK Walewski b. ca 1675 / 1690 [1710 ?], died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki
[he wasn't the son of Kazimierz Walewski b. ca 1675 or before ?; he was the son of ZYGMUNT - see below ! FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Franciszek married 1st Cecylia Dambska
(with son Aleksander owner of Wieruszow, and grandsons:
Michal and Daniel Walewski owners of Wieruszow;
Aleksander married Elzbieta Mecinska.
Franciszek in 1743 sold Wieruszow to his son Aleksander)
daughter of Jan Dambski and Teresa Mecinska, 2nd Franciszek married to Frankenberg (Felicja ??), 3rd in 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723
(Zofia RADOLINSKA 1677 - 1723 married Kazimierz Walewski also with daughter Marianna Radolinska, born Walewska)];
2. Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733 [he had son Marcin Walewski was born in 1700 or born in 1720 - 1761];
3. Stanislaw Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz, owner of Pstrokonie [he was the son of ZYGMUNT WALEWSKI ? who married 1st to Anna Gostynska, and 2nd to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu].
4. above Zygmunt Walewski, 1656 or 1670-1716, who was the son of Franciszek Walewski senior. Maybe his brother was Stanislaw Walewski b. ca 1650, who married to Katarzyna Lanckoronska. Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716), of Rozprza (1702-1716), married to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu.
5. Malgorzata Lubienska b. 1720 [mistake ?] or 1733, died in 1784, m. Kajetan Radolinski, born ca 1730
{Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 was son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska! Above MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and his wife Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski b. ca 1650 [Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708] and Marianna SARNOWSKA}.
6. Above Kazimierz Walewski b. ca 1675 [or before] and his wife Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski b. ca 1650 [Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708] and Marianna SARNOWSKA. Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of named above Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Below my research:
above Marcin Walewski, 1700 / 1720 - 1761, was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733.
The younger son of Marcin Walewski and Marcjanna ROMER was Adam Walewski b. ca 1750 who married to Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851 with 2 children. Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761; Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.

Above Marcin Walewski was born in 1700 or born in 1720 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733 and Felicja.

FRANCISZEK Walewski b. 1745, d. 1813
(son of above Marcin Walewski 1700 / 1720 - 1761 and Marcjanna Romer 1720 - 1761; Marcin was husband of Magdalena Antonina SZEMBEK and Marcjanna Romer), owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, Laziny, Zawadow; General, m. Ludwika Stokowska; they had children:
A. Kacper m. Anna Lubieniecka, Izabela Oswiecimska,
B. Damazy m. Katarzyna Wagrowska,
C. Józef b. 1771 m. Marianna Blociszewska,
D. Ignacy Józef b. 1786, m. Salomea Walewska from Rusiec, Dabrowa, Jastrzebice, Kuznica [close to LUBIEC ?].

Stanislaw Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz (see: Wola Pszczolecka, the Zaliwski movement, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski), owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna / Swierzyny, Gronów; m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd in 1708, to Krystyna Rychlowska daughter of Stanislaw, owner of Podlezyce, Rzechta; his parents Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski) and his first wife Anna Gostynska.
Above Stanislaw Franciszek Walewski had children:
A. Józef Walewski d. 1724, m. Elzbieta Magnuska, 1 voto Jan Skarbek;
B. Feliks d. 1752;
C. Karol d. ca 1757 owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Galecka daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska - she was the 2 voto Jan Radolinski
(Brygida Galecka was the daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska. Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds"; was the sister of King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Ludwika married in 1745 Jan Jakub Zamoyski, by whom she had an only daughter).
Children of above Karol Walewski:
a) Ludwika m. Kazimierz Kacper Gembart,
b) Julianna Joanna b. ca 1756, m. Feliks Zlotnicki;
D. Wojciech born ca 1715, d. 1757, landlord of Pstrekonie, m. in 1740, Teresa Laszowska.
Above Wojciech Walewski 1715-1757 m. Teresa Laszowska / Laszewska / Teresa Laszewska, with:
1. Rozalia m. Jakub Madalinski with son Ksawery Madalinski;
2. Ludwik Mikolaj Walewski / Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 m. 2nd in 1794 to Antonina Kalinowska.
Antonina Aniela Teodora Kalinowska b. 1764 in the Kroczyce parish, her parents: Ignacy Kalinowski 1720-1782 and Justyna Borzecka b. 1710.
Antoniona b. ca 1750 / 1760 had 3 sons (Karol Franciszek Walewski) and daughter. See: Wola Pszczolecka, Kiedrzynski, Sulimierski, Oginski, Trubecki. Ludwik Walewski bought Parzymiechy in 1794 from Poninski.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida [see above !] or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka;
Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

Józef Stefan Radolinski lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski). Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanislaw was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanislaw married to Katarzyna Raczynska (see Kiedrzynski). Józef Stanislaw Radolinski born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuly County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer
(see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).
Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Below is a short description about RETTINGER, the family Zamoyski, and Hutten-Czapski (see more at my webpages) from the province of Minsk in Belarus:
Michal Zdzislaw Zamoyski (1679 - 1735) was the 6th Ordynat of Zamosc estate.
His children inter alia: Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski, and above mentioned Jan Jakub Zamoyski
(b. 1716, died in 1790, IX Ordynat; Ludwika Maria Poniatowska born 1728, in 1745 married Jan Jakub Zamoyski, with daughter Urszula Zamoyska. Ludwika Maria Poniatowska died in 1781, was daughter of Stanislaw Poniatowski and sister of the King of Poland - Stanislaw August Poniatowski; mentioned above her daughter Urszula Zamoyska (1750-1806), was best known as Ursula Mniszech;
the second daughter was Brygida / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka
- see below about Radolinski, Fiszer, Wola Pszczolecka, Kosciuszko; see at my webpages on Venture, Sulkowski, Murat, Paszkowski, Szaniawski, Armand),
and Andrzej Hieronim Zamoyski (see below).

Count Wladislaw Zamoyski 1853-1924, was closest friend of Jozef Rettinger / Retinger who was born in Cracow, in Austria-Hungary
(see more at my webpages) - his father, Józef Stanislaw Retinger, was the personal legal counsel and adviser to Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski. Acc. to Wikipedia: when Retinger's father died, Count Zamoyski took Józef into his household. Financed by Count Zamoyski, Retinger entered the Sorbonne in 1906, and two years later became the youngest person to earn a Ph.D. there at age twenty. He moved to England in 1911, where his closest friend was Polish writer Joseph Conrad. See the European Union (EU) and its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community.
Father of above Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski was Count Wladyslaw Stanislaw Zamoyski (1803 - 1868) - politician, and general. He served as aide-de-camp to Grand Duke Constantine, commander-in-chief of the army and de facto viceroy of Congress Poland. Working with Adam Jerzy Czartoryski he became one of the main activists in the Hotel Lambert group. He emigrated to England; 1848 - 1849 he organized Polish units in Italy, serving with the Sardinian Army to fight against the Austrians (see about the Carbonari movement at my domain).
His father was Count Stanislaw Kostka Zamoyski b. 1775, politician; 1809 he became the chairman of the Provisional Government of Galicia. He was Senator 1810 until 1831.
His father was Count Andrzej Hieronim Franciszek Zamoyski 1716 / 1717 - 1792, 1764 until 1767 Great Crown Chancellor.
His father was above Michal Zdzislaw Zamoyski b. 1679.

Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716), of Rozprza (1702-1716), married 2nd to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu. He had daughter and two sons with the second wife:
a. Justyna,
b. Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ?
[FRANCISZEK Walewski b. ca 1710 or before this year {1675 / 1690}, died 1745 in RUSIEC; he was the owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, m. Cecylia Dambska / DABSKA, daughter of Teresa nee Mecinska, 2nd to Frankenberg, 3rd to Teodora Ludwika Walewska, daughter of Zofia nee Radolinska]
with son Aleksander Walewski [see below !] who married Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno,
and grandchildren:
Józef Kalasanty Walewski
and Michal Walewski d. 1801 (his daughter Tekla Colonna-Walewska 1783 - 1862, wife of Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski Count, 1778 - 1845 who was the son of Józef Kalasanty Walewski and Paulina Radolinska, inf. by Leszek Mila at geni.com in 2014),
c. Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 with son Stanislaw Józef Walewski ca 1740 - 1770 and grandchildren: Bogumil Gabriel Walewski and Kunegunda Szembek.

Half-brother to above named Franciszek Walewski b. 1710, was Stanislaw Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz (see: Wola Pszczolecka, the Zaliwski movement, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski), owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna / Swierzyny, Gronów; m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd in 1708, to Krystyna Rychlowska daughter of Stanislaw, owner of Podlezyce, Rzechta.

The genealogy of Marcin Walewski b. 1700/1720:
Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700/1720-1761, m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek, with children:
1. Anna Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1722 / 1728-1832 m. in 1740 to Adam Slaski 1722-1773 with 12 children;
2. Michal of Bochnia, member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784 - 1792 / 1795), born 1735 / 1740 - d. 1806, m. 1st to Jadwiga Walewska with
Teodora Walewska 1770-1826 m. Jan Kazimierz Stecki-Olechnowicz,
Wojciech Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Prakseda Maszkiewicz.
Michal Walewski m. 2nd to Ksawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno. Above named Michal 1735 / 1740 - 1806 m. 3rd to Szczesna Feliksa Kokoszka-Michalowska 1770-1844.
3. Józef 1737-1807 m. Felicjanna Polchowska 1743-1808 with Antonina Walewska b. ca 1760 m. Stefan Walewski 1744-1803.
4. Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, m. 1st to Zuzanna Polchowska with:
Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835,
Magdalena Helena Walewska [see Kiedrzynski].
Married second to Teresa Dunin-Karwicka with
Michal Walewski,
Helena Walewska 1800-1856 m. Antoni Onufry Alojzy Libiszowski,
Teodora Walewska 1804-1884 m. Kwiryn Russocki.

Marcin Walewski 1700 / 1720 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, with:
1. Franciszek 1745-1813 m. Ludwika Stokowska. The owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, Laziny, Zawadow; General, m. Ludwika Stokowska (m. Cecylia Dambska).
2. Adam Walewski b. 1750 m. Józefa Lubomirska 1764-1851.
3. Justyna Walewska m. Michal Pisarzowski.
4. Marianna Walewska 1750-1778,
5. Paulina Walewska,
6. Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806, m. Teodora Colonna-Walewska b. ? - d. in 1812
(daughter of Józef Walewski of Brzeziny died Jan. 1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. ca 1730, they had:
a. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815,
b. Jadwiga Walewska m. Michal Walewski of Bochnia and member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784-1795) 1735 / 1740 - 1806,
c. above Teodora Colonna-Walewska ? - 1812, m. in 1768, in Bielawy to Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806).

Aleksander Walewski [b. ca 1728 ?] + Elzbieta Mecinska and her son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (ca 1743 / 1747 - 1792) were owners of Jedlno. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. 1750 / Paulina m. above Józef Kalasanty Walewski.
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno.

Jan Paszkowski, born in 1742 + Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków);
Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, b. 12.10.1778 in Brody (to 1st wife of Jan), d. 10.3.1856 in Cracow, General, Virtuti Militari, owner of Tonie close to Cracow, tomb in Cracow - Rakowice [see Kosciuszko - Jefferson - Fiszer - Bninski and Armand - Konstantynowicz], was half-brother of above Dominik Paszkowski.
Dominik Paszkowski was father of Józef Franciszek Paszkowski.
It's just a hypothetical representation of ancestors of above Anna! Born ca 1795 ?, died 1872: maybe ? her mother was Ludwika nee Walewska 1775-1863 and her grandfather Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792 + Paulina Pulina Radolinska, and great-grandfather Aleksander Walewski m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno.
Jozef Niemojowski / Niemojewski 1760-1836 m. ca 1790 to Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863, with Leon Michal b. 1798; Izabella Salomea Niemojowska b. 1801; Adolf Józef 1802-1873; Edward 1810-1874; Józef Niemojowski 1840-1857; and Anna b. ca 1795 died 1872 m. Paszkowski?
Sons of above Dominik Paszkowski:
Franciszek Paszkowski b. 1818 in Warsaw, d. 1883 Cracow, owner of Tonie, MP; and
Józef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski, b. 1817 in Warsaw, d. 1861 in Warsaw, + Seweryna Stompf with children:
1. Franciszek Paszkowski, jurist, in 1902 owner of Tonie, and
2. Leon Ignacy Paszkowski, 1845 - 1904, director of a bank in Cracow, + (1875 - 1887) Maria Lasocka daughter of Bronislaw + Felicja Wolowska.

My family:
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was born 1749, married to HELENA [see above !] born in 1762, and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828.
Izydor Kiedrzynski (Jan ? - a mistake) b. 1749 (not in 1763; lived then in Galonki), m. ca 1785; his family lost assets before 1815; he lived in 1798 in Jedlno with wife Helena b. 1762; Catholic, Helena lived Jedlno, Rusiec, since 1820 / 1821 in Wola Wiazowa; she died in Wola Wiazowa in April 1828. Izydor died in 1810 or 1817 in Jedlno. Above named Galonki - 9 km north-west of Radomsko, north-east of Wola Jedlinska and Jedlno. Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, son of Zofia Lubienska 1640 - 1692 daughter of Wojciech LUBIENSKI d. 1653, and Teofila Górska, d. 1668, was living in Galonki.
They come from Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior, who b. ca 1675.

Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (junior) was born ca 1770, was son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish. Kasper or Kacper Kiedrzynski born ca 1750, married to Maryanna Arcichowska. Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770 married to Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya.
Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730 was father of above KACPER b. ca 1750 - his sister was DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750; his brother was - ? - Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena who was born in 1762 and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828.
Maybe Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720/1730 had sister Marjanna / Marianna nee Kiedrzynska b. ca 1720 - acc. to Archiwum Archidiecezjalne in Czestochowa, the Lgota Wielka parish, - half way from Radomsko to Sulmierzyce, north of Krepa and Wola Blakowa, north of Wola Jedlinska:
in 1738, Marianna Zofia was born - daughter of Ludwik Bogdanski and Marianna nee Kiedrzynski, from Lgota; godparents were Mikolaj Stobiecki of Blokowa / Blankowa Wola, and Teresa Glogowska of Lgota.
1746, Walenty was born, son of Ludwik Bogdanski owner of part of Lgota, and Marianna nee Kiedrzynski wife; godparents were Grzegorz Lyszewicz of Lgota.
1752, Domicela Aleksandra was born daughter of Ludwik Bogdanski and Marianna Kiedrzynska; godparents were Szymon Myszkowski and Marianna Stobiecka.

Izydor Kiedrzynski b. 1749 worked for Elzbieta Walewska nee Mecinska and her son who in 1793 sold Wieruszow; then Walewski taken Wola Wiazowa and Rusiec.
Izydor b. 1749 had the Ostoja coat of arms; relatives of Izydor: Lukasz b. 1772, 1774, 1786, lived in Jedlno 1820, and Mikolay b. 1774, worked for the Walewskis; and
Pelagia Kiedrzynska: Paciorkowski Antoni Michal d. 1806 was clerk in Checiny, owner of Przystajn, Stany, Kuznica Stara, Podleze, Górki, Wezina in the Lelow county; married to Salomea Wolska, 2nd to Pelagia Kiedrzynska [born ca 1770 ?], 3rd to Justyna Zlotnicka 1772-1829, with
a) Aleksander b. 1780, of Kuznica and Laszow;
b) Maksymilian Feliks b. 1780 in Wola Jedlinska, d. ca 1820 close to Jedlno.

Above Izydor KIEDRZYNSKI had sons:
A. Felix b. 1796 / 1799;
B. Józef KIEDRZYNSKI of Ostrzeszow.
BOGDANSKI Walenty died ca 1761, owner of Gostynie in the Kalisz province, m. Ewa Stawicka, with son Michal Bogdanski d. 1787 m. Salomea Kawiecka (1731-1821). Michal had children:
Teresa b. 1768, Orpiszewek [see Kiedrzynski !];
and Petronela BOGDANSKA 1783 - 1807 who married to Józef Kiedrzynski the leaseholder of the Ostrzeszów estate.
C. Stanislaw Kiedrzynski;
D. Gabriel Kiedrzynski born as Gabryel in 1796 (or 1798, 1803) in Osiny / Osina; married in 1821 in Wola Wiazowa, died Jan. 1848 in Wola Wiazowa (Gabriel died after 1819 - a mistake - acc. to somebody). Osiny / Osina - 10 km north of Sulmierzyce, ca 22 km north-west of Krepa, property Osiny / Osina of the Walewskis - south-east of Szczercow, that is north of Jedlno! Gabriel had 5 sons and 4 daughters with Katarzyna Wojtaszek b. 1796 / 1807 in Rusiec, m. 1821 in Wola Wiazowa, d. after 1866; Rusiec was land of the Walewskis! Gabriel Kiedrzynski born as Gabryel in 1796, 1798, 1803 in Osiny; married in 1821; Kiedrzynski Gabriel from Osiny, acc. to Neyman. I am thinking Osina / Osiny close to Chabielice and south-east of Szczercow, that is north of Jedlno; ca 10 km north of Sulmierzyce (land of Kiedrzynski), ca 22 km north-west of Krepa; the property of Osiny / Osina was belonged to the Walewskis; above Gabriel had 5 sons and 4 daughters with Katarzyna Wojtaszek b. 1796 / 1807 in Rusiec, m. 1821 in Wola Wiazowa, d. after 1866; Rusiec was land of the Walewskis! FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, was the landowner of named Rusiec.
E. Adam Kiedrzynski born 1783 / 1784 / ca 1787, landlord of Sulmierzyce near LUBIEC [Acc. to Archiwum Archidiecezjalne in Czestochowa: the Lgota Wielka parish, - half way from Radomsko to Sulmierzyce, north of Krepa and Wola Blakowa, north of Wola Jedlinska - in 1803, godparents were Adam Kiedrzynski and Joanna Lepicka, Felicjan Kiedrzynski and Tekla Lepicka].
Adam Kiedrzynski was godfather in Wola Blakowa in 1803 like nobleman with Joanna Lepicka. His relatives Felicjan Kiedrzynski and Tekla Lepicka of Wola Blakowa. Sulmierzyce is situated close to Rzasnia, north of Jedlno; in the Krepa parish since 1769, close to LGOTA WIELKA.
Adam Kiedrzynski married in 1808 in Krepa to Anastazja Bleszynska b. ca 1785 / 1792, from Bakowa Góra close to Przedborz.
His daughter was born in 1824 in Sulmierzyce - Franciszka Aniela Kiedrzynska.

Tomasz Józef MADALINSKI b. ca 1785 in Dobiecin - west of Piotrkow Trybunalski - owner of Zakrzew - ? Zakrzowek close to Jedlno, m. in 1815 in Baranów close to Kepno, to Franciszka Joanna Grabowska b. ca 1794, daughter of Józef Grabowski and Agnieszka Magnuska,
with Edward Leopold MADALINSKI b. 1818 in Grebanin, and
Dezyderia b. 1816 in Grebanin,
Józef Mikolaj Aleksander MADALINSKI b. 1829 in Zakrzew (Zakrzowek) close to Brzeznica (and Jedlno).

Teodora Ludwika Walewska [see below], Marianna Radolinska [see below] and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 [see below] and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.
FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki (Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander), married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723.

Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1733, d. 1815 or 1814, and a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
Maria and Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius had one son, Antoni Rudolf Bazyli Colonna-Walewski (he was an illegitimate child); she 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father; her father Maciej was born circa 1740. She had son Rudolf August d'Ornano.
Above Walewski Anastazy / Atanazy born in 1733 / 1735, had one son Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski with above MARIA LACZYNSKA. Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.
Walewski Anastazy / Atanazy also married to Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska.
Above Atanazy / Anastazy Colonna-Walewski b. circa 1730 / 1733 or 1735, was the son of Józef Walewski / Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763, and (Jozefa Colonna Walewska b. before ca 1720 ?) Ludwika / Ludwika Colonna-Walewska.

Above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763; son of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia; brother of TEODORA LUDWIKA WALEWSKA, and of Marianna Radolinska, inf. by Andrzej Hennel and Wanda Krystyna Korzeniewska.
Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolinska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.
FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki (Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander), married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723.
Children of above FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów:
Stefan Walewski 1744-1803, owner of Rusiec;
Tomasz m. Konstancja / Anna Jordan;
Franciszek Ksawery Walewski 1739-96, owner of Wola Wiazowa;
Aleksander Walewski older, b. January 1719, died 1779 + (ca 1746) Elzbieta Mecinska born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] daughter of Wojciech of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA and granddaughter of Michal MECINSKI / Michala Mikolaj Mecinski and Felicjana Rucka 1670 - 1714 or died after this year;
and great-granddaughter of Stefan with his wife Bronikowska;
and great-great-granddaughter of Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel!

Named above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 had children:
1. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 with children: Ksawery Walewski 1774 - 1824, Teresa, Józefa Brochocka and above Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski 1805 - 1833;
2. Jadwiga Walewska b. ca 1744 (mistake ca 1760 ?) m. Michal Walewski (Sieradz 1784-1795) 1735-1806, with children: Teodora Walewska 1770-1826, and Wojciech Walewski b. 1780;
3. Teodora Colonna-Walewska 1740 or 1760-1812 m. Kasper Walewski 1750-1806 with children:
Antoni Colonna-Walewski 1774-1846, Felicja Colonna-Walewska b. 1780 m. Józef Weryha-Darowski / Weryho Darowski b. ca 1780, Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska 1780-1840, Konstancja Barbara Colonna-Walewska 1780-1852, Marianna Colonna-Walewska, Feliks Walewski 1780-1809, Julia Agnieszka Colonna-Walewska 1789-1857, Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1792-1837.
4. Teresa Walewska 1760-1816 m. Jan Colonna-Walewski 1750-1791; 5. ? 1756 - 1806.

Above Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas b. ca 1730 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz - was the husband of Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauziene.
Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.
Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of mentioned above Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika; husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI; ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano;
father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski; brother of Teodora Walewska.
Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Józef Pulaski; she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero.
Anastazy Walewski / ATANAZY Colonna-Walewski in 1764 was the Elector of Stanislaw August Poniatowski from the province of Leczyca; he was a member of parliament in 1776; member of the Permanent Council in 1780; 1780, he was awarded the Order of St. Stanislaus. Founder of the palace in Walewice.

Constance Jauch's granddaughter Anna Cieciszowska was sister-in-law of Magdalena Agnieszka Sapiecha 1739 - 1780 - daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and informal consort of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
Constance Jauch was sister-in-law of Countess Maria Walewska / Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska 1786 - 1817, mistress of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Above Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I - in 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1730 or 1733, d. 1815 or 1814. He was a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Maria and Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius had one son, Antoni Rudolf Bazyli Colonna-Walewski / Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski (he was an illegitimate child); she 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father; her father Maciej was born circa 1740. She had son Rudolf August d'Ornano.
Above Walewski Anastazy / Atanazy was born in 1730 / 1733 / 1735; with Maria Laczynska had one son Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski. Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.

Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz nee Judycka, ca 1740 [not in 1720 !] - 1784, was the wife of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and above KAZIMIERZ / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas, and the mother of
MIKOLAJ GIELGUD
[Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813, was the son of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz],
Antonina von Rönne
[Antonina von Rönne nee Gielgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz; she was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Oginska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Oginska]
and ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ / Sofija Tyzenhauziene - Zofia Tyzenhauz
[?? - born ca 1790; acc. to me ca 1780] m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840, with son Aleksander Ignacy Choiseul-Gouffier m. Zofia Hutten-Czapska.
ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ m. 2nd to Antoni Tyzenhauz (1756-1816), General, in 1792 was the president of Wilno, MP in 1790, member of the 1794 Uprising. Ignacy TYZENHAUZ was the brother of Sophie Victoire de Choiseul-Gouffier [Zofia Tyzenhauz - ?? - born ca 1780, m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840].

The GIELGUD family was owner of the Poniemun castle.
Pikciunai, close to Klausuciai [see Marcinkus and the Vatican], is situated 30 km east of Swiatoszyn / SVENDRISKIAI [see von Ronne + MIELZYNSKI] and the Panemune Castle / Poniemuń [see: Gielgud, von Ronne, Oginski, MIELZYNSKI] near Kaunas - Jurbarkas highway. SVENDRISKIAI that is probably Swiatoszyn by the Memel / Niemen, close to the Panemune Castle - a castle on the right bank of the Nemunas river, in Vytėnai, the Jurbarkas district, Lithuania. The castle was reconstructed around 1759 by Giełgud family. The Panemunė Castle / Übermemel [Zamek Giełgudów / Panemunės pilis - 15 km east of Jurbork / Jurbarkas], was owned by Gielgud / Gelgaudas family, near Kaunas - Jurbarkas highway.
Above named castle in 1759 was bought by the Samogitian nobleman Antoni Giełgud / GIELGUD / Gelgaudas.

Above Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813; son of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz; husband of Eleonora;
brother of Antonina von Rönne; half brother of LUDWIK / Liudvikas Gelgaudas; Eleonora Gielgud; Ignacy Gielgud; and Sofija / Zofia Tyzenhauz.

Above Antonina von Rönne nee Gielgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz, was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Oginska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Oginska.
Above mentioned Maria Tekla Oginska / Marya Tekla Oginska born Rönne, in 1804, married 2nd to Tadeusz Antoni Oginski, and they had 3 daughters: Natalia Gawronska born Oginska. Marya married 1st Michal Borewicz in 1813! Michal was born in 1774. They had 5 children: Ludwika Teodora Plater-Zyberk; Antoni Hipolit Borewicz and Ludwik Izydor Borewicz.

When above Felix von Rönne died, his daughter, Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei {see Krotoszyn, Baszkow and Bilewicz - Angela Merkel} taken the estate land with Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor, then son of above Baron - Eugenijus Ronne / EUGENIUSZ RONNE.
Above Felix II / Feliks Filip was father of mentioned Eugeniusz von Rönne and above named Aniela Helena Mielzynska of BASZKOW close to Krotoszyn. Aniela Helena Mielzynska / Mielzynska (born von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons) was born 1832, in Gorzdy [Garsden / Gargždai - at first owned by the Oginski family - then 1781 to Otton Henryk Igielstrom; here died Gabryela nee Oginska, 1v. Edward Krasicki, 2v. Eugeniusz Ronne, she was b. 1830, d. 1912 / 1919 Gorzdy / Gargzdai].
Note on the Gargždai estate: Gargždai was an estate of the Rönne family; in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir / Kazimierz Oginski; also to Sapieha in 1786; then Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; F. and E. Rene / Rönne.

Franciszek Ksawery Oginski 1801-1837 m. Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832
[Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800 - 1844, was son of Felix von Rönne 1st and Antonina Gielgud; above Felix 1st b. circa 1770, d. 1827 was son of Mikalojus Rene.
Feliks Filip was brother of
Antoni von Rönne;
MARIA TEKLA OGINSKA / Marija Tekle Oginskiene b. 1804
{wife of Tadeusz Antoni Oginski b. ca 1805 who was brother and half-brother to
Franciszek Ksawery Oginski [see below];
Amelia Zaluska;
Ireneusz Oginski / Irenejus Oginskis;
Emma Wysocka and
Ida Oginskaite;
see Kalinowski, Trubecki and Konstantynowicz with Piottuch-Kublicki};
Ludwika von Rönne
and above mentioned Teodora Oginska
{b. 1807 wife of Franciszek Ksawery Oginski b. 1801, with son FELIKS}],
with son Feliks Oginski 1828-1893 who married to Olimpia von Rönne 1829-1861.

Note:
Antoni von Rönne / RENE [who was the father of named above OLIMPIA OGINSKA / Olimpija Oginskiene b. 1829],
born ca 1800, d. 1869, was the son of Felix von Rönne
[1770 - 1827, who was a son of Mikolaj von Rönne b. 1720/1740, and Aniela PILSUDSKA b. 1740/1750]
and Antonina GIELGUD.

Feliks Marian Mielzynski, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski the 2nd, 1840-1891
[grandson of Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski 1813-1885; the great-grandson of Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski 1780-1842; great-great-grandson of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799]
and Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911, daughter of Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800-1844 + Franciszka Maria Zaluska 1793-1844
[Aniela was granddaughter of above Felix von Rönne 1770-1827 + Antonina Gielgud b. 1800; and great-granddaughter of Mikolaj von Rönne b. ca 1720/1740 and Aniela Pilsudska b. 1740/1750].

Above Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor / Gorzdy, Lithuania now.

Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajuralis, close to Šilale, and died in 1791 in Šilale, the Taurage County, Lithuania.
Franciszek PILSUDSKI was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below} - she was mother of Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz.

Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times with children:
1. above named Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia - see brief note below!];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton von RONNE b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija.

Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911 [m. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski the 2nd, 1840-1891], was the daughter of Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800-1844 + Franciszka Maria Zaluska 1793-1844; was granddaughter of Felix von Rönne 1770-1827 + Antonina Gielgud b. 1800; and great-granddaughter of Mikolaj von Rönne b. ca 1740 and above Aniela Pilsudska b. 1750.

And we back to the PILSUDSKIS:

Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Pilsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)
[with son - above named
Franciszek Pilsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons - see OGINSKI !}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + above Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707}
and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Pilsudski + Helena Strutynska;
and great-grandson Stanislaw Pilsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyc]
was brother of Roch Pilsudski b. ca 1680 + Malgorzata Pancerzynska who had son
Kazimierz Ludwik Pilsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Dss Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

Mentioned above
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski, b. ca 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska;
oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka was died !;
next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie.

Anna Pilsudska Bilewicz b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837 [see Bilewicz in Pawlowice of the MIELZYNSKIS].
Above Anna nee Billewicz Pilsudska (1761 - 1837), was the great-grandmother of Józef Pilsudski.
Her father was Walerian Billewicz. Anna had 5 children:
Piotr Pawel (1794 - 1851) + Teodora Urszula Butler - grandfather of Józef Pilsudski;
Walery (1796 - 1877) + Aniela nee Pilsudska (died in 1844);
Jerzy Jegor (1799 - 1816 / 1820) - officer of the Russian Army;
Józef;
Teresa.

Anna Pilsudska b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837.

Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902 was son of Piotr Kazimierz Wincenty 1795-1851 + Teodora BUTLER 1811-1886 [or Piotr Pawel (1794 - 1851) + Teodora Urszula Butler];
grandson of KAZIMIERZ ca 1750-ca 1820 + ANNA BILLEWICZ 1761-1837;
great-grandson of Kazimierz Ludwik Pilsudski + 2nd wife ROZALIA PUZYNA Dss;
great-great-grandson of ROCH MIKOLAJ Pilsudski b. ca 1680 [? died 1715] + Malgorzata PANCERZYNSKA.

From Florian Lubienski 1705 - 1760, who was son of Maciej Lubienski and Marianna, were children: Celestyn Lubienski and Malgorzata.
Above Malgorzata Lubienska b. 1720 [mistake ?] or 1733, died in 1784, m. Kajetan Radolinski, born ca 1730
{Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 was son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska!
Above MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and his wife Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678
who was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski b. ca 1650 [Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708] and Marianna SARNOWSKA}
with children:
a. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. ca 1750 [see above] m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski of Jedlno, 1747-1792.
Józef Kalasanty WALEWSKI b. ca 1743 / 1747, d. 1792, was landowner of Jedlno (see Kiedrzynski), Jankowice, Borków {Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno (see Kiedrzynski)}, m. Paulina Radolinska daughter of Kajetan Radolinski and Malgorzata Lubienska
(see Fiszer, Kiedrzynski, Wola Pszczolecka;
Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 was son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska!
MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and his wife Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski b. ca 1650 [Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708] and Marianna SARNOWSKA);
with children:
1. Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski 1778-1845 / Aleksander Józef Walewski b. in Zelazków, Count, m. Tekla Walewska daughter of Michal Walewski and Salomea Psarska;
2. Ludwika ca 1775 - 1863 in Warsaw, m. Józef Niemojowski son of Feliks Niemojewski;
3. Ignacy Jan Nepomucen 1786 - 1787;
4. Franciszka Kunegunda b. 1787;
5. Wincenty Jan Nepomucen 1785 - 1820 in Stróza, Captain, m. in 1812 in Tczyca, to Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska 1791-1843, daughter of Bogumil Walewski and Józefa Wezyk, with children:
A. Mikolaj Józef Daniel Walewski b. 1813 in Stróza, d. 1869, m. Tekla Maslowska,
B. Konrad b. 1814 in Jedlno, d. 1896 in Kraków, m. 1839 in Warsaw to Ludwika Józefa Stanislawa Potocka daughter of Stanislaw and Marianna Górska;
C. Ludwika m. Ludwik Niemojowski.
b. Karolina Radolinska 1757-1824;
c. Piotr RADOLINSKI, MP in 1788, b. 1760, d. 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of BRZEZIE, 1774-1849, with daughters:
1. Izabela Kunegunda Maria Radolinska b. 1794, m. Jan Chryzostom Guillaume b. 1780,
married 2nd time to Józef Walewski 1784-1827 with:
Leon Piotr Adam Walewski b. 1820, and Wladyslaw Franciszek Walewski 1822-1860;
2. Maria Radolinska born 1795 (see: Kalinowski, Wola Pszczolecka!) m. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795
with Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822,
Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857;
d. Felicja Radolinska 1760-1826.

Above named Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski and Marianna Sarnowska. Andrzej was born circa 1650
(grandfather of above Zofia: Andrzej Radolinski older, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA; father: Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1670; his brother was Wojciech Radolinski).

Zofia 1677 - 1723 had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski
(Józef Stefan Radolinski who lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski and was a clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski), died in 1740, was son of above Andrzej junior {younger} 1650 - 1708;
see a branch of Petronela Radolinska).

Zofia RADOLINSKA 1677 - 1723 married Kazimierz Walewski. They had daughter Marianna Radolinska, born Walewska.



Karol Józef Czapski leased Miezonka in Belarus, from Radziwill 1832 - 1842 [then Stanislaw CZAPSKI, 1779-1844 / 1845]; then Miezonka was the Konstantynowiczs estate (see: Breguet in Kazan and Armand in Moscow) since 1842 [Dominik Konstantynowicz].
Emeryk Zachariasz Mikolaj Seweryn Hutten-Czapski, Count, b. 1828, was son of above Karol Józef Czapski.
Karol was the friend of last Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski (see: Sulkowski, Poniatowski genealogy, Venture, Breguet, Konstantynowicz and villge Miezonka).
Karol Czapski was owner of Stankow / Stan'kava in Belarus!; b. 1777, died in 1836 in Danilovichi / Danilowicze, was son of Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski Hutten of the Chelmno province in Poland, and Weronika Joanna Radziwill, daughter of
Michal Kazimierz Radziwill nick-name Rybenko;
Karol Czapski married to Fabianna Obuchowicz, daughter of Michal Obuchowicz of Minsk in Belarus; Karol was brother of Stanislaw 1779-1844 / 1845, Colonel of the Polish Army; Marshal of the Minsk county, who married Zofia Obuchowicz, owner of KOJDANOW [not of course - Kiejdany]
- son of mentioned Stanislaw was Marian Czapski Count: born in Lachwa in 1816 Belarus now, d. 1875, Wieckowice in the Posen province / Poznan province [west of POZNAN], studied in Wilno / Vilnius, 1845 owner of Kiejdany close to Minsk, exiled to Siberie in 1864, Tomsk to 1867, 1867-1871 Czapski was living in Dorpat, Estonia.
Danilowicze / Danilavichy (Danilavicy), ca 11 km east-south-east of Stan'kava / Stankowo of the Hutten-Czapskis, and 18 km south-east of Dzyarzhynsk / Dzierzynsk / Kojdanow of the Hutten-Czapski family; west of Dukora of the Oginski family; ca 40 km south-west of Minsk in Belarus now. In 19th cent. it was the Minsk government, the Ihumen county (Cerven now), the Uzda region.

Very interesting that the family of Countess Maria Dorota Leopoldyna Czapska (nick-name Dorota Obuchowicz, Maria Strzalkowska, and Dorota Thun), b. 1894 in Praga, died 1981, Maisons-Laffitte, Polish historian, sister of Józef Czapski,
grand-daughter of Emeryk Hutten-Czapski,
met and was talking in Belarus with (in 1892) Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, the next of kin of the Belarussian branch of the Czapskis, who described an estate of the Czapski family close to Minsk; she was in Paris 1925 - 1930.

Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski Hutten born 1725
(son of Ignacy Hutten-Czapski b. ca 1699 / 1700, who was brother of Franciszek Hutten-Czapski [m. Katarzyna Skorzewska], Józef Piotr Hutten-Czapski, and Teresa Pawlowska. And - acc. to me - Jakub Hutten-Czapski b. ca 1700),
d. 1802 in Warsaw; his children:
a. Maria Hutten-Czapska b. 1760 m. Gen.-Major Mikolaj Adrian Joachim Hutten-Czapski of Bukowiec, 1804 Count, with children: 1. Franciszek Ignacy Dionizy Hutten-Czapski b. 1797; 2. Antonina Skórzewski;
b. Anna m. to Józef Oskierka;
c. Ignacy born 1770,
d. Franciszek b. ca 1770;
e. Karol b. in Minsk 1777-1836 m. Fabianna Obuchowicz (next generation - Emeryk b. 1828) [see above];
f. Stanislaw 1779-1844 m. Zofia Obuchowicz, Colonel under Napoleon.

Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski [see above]:
his father - Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 in Smogulec + Eleonora Mielzynski [see below];
his grandfather Józef Grzegorz Longin Hutten-Czapski 1760-1810; and
his great-grandfather General Antoni Michal Hutten-Czapski 1725-1792,
great-great-grandfather Ignacy 1699 - 1745 [see above].

Above Eleonora Mielzynski genealogy:
Stanislaw Mielzynski was born on November 14, 1778 in Rabin as Stanislaw Kostka Andrew James. He was the fourth child (the first of three sons) of the writer of the Crown - Maximilian Mielzynski and Constance Czapski
[m. in 1771, Mierzyszyn / MIERZESZYN - north-west of Tczew, to Konstancja Hutten-Czapska, 1749-1813, daughter of Jakub Hutten-Czapski b. ca 1700 and Rozalia Ewa Hutten-Czapska 1715-1769; granddaughter of Piotr Hutten-Czapski of Pomorze, b. ca 1680 {Piotr Aleksander Hutten-Czapski had also son Ignacy 1699 - 1745 / 1742 - see above}].
In the early 90's of the XVIII cent., the MIELZYNSKI family lived in Pawlowice owned by Maximilian.
In 1806 in November, the French troops invaded the Great Poland; in Poznan was gen. Jan Henryk Dabrowski and Joseph Wybicki who known Mielzynski and began creating Polish army; the count Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 November 1806 was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize 3rd infantry regiment in the division of the General Jan Henryk Dabrowski. The commanders of the other regiments in the division were also Prince Anthony Sulkowski from Rydzyna (1 Regiment), Lacki (2 regiment) and Poninski (4 Regiment). With Mielzynski co-operated the commander of the battalion Major Stanislaw Fisher / Fiszer (then the Army Chief of General Staff). On January 3, 1807 created division of gen. J. H. Dabrowski, with the 3rd Infantry Regiment, of Colonel Stanislav Mielzynski stationed in Pawlowice. Other regiments in Leszno, Zduny and Rawicz (see Sulkowski).
General Mielzynski was appointed commander of the infantry brigade in the 16th infantry division of General Zajaczek. With him commanders of the brigades in the division were: General Franciszek Paszkowski (II infantry brigade) and General Tyszkiewicz (cavalry brigade).
On September 8, 1815 Mielzynski was released from military service and began acted in secret societies, among others, in the Poznan branch of the National Freemasonry, the 'Association of Kosynier', he was a member of Freemasonry in the seventh degree and also belonged to several other Masonic lodges: "Knights of the Star", "The Brothers of the Union", was a master of the lodge "Humanity". Stanislaw Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in June 1826 and was buried here; left 17-year-old son Leo, who got Pawlowice and Kakolewo; Stanislaw; Elizabeth (1822 married Louis Mycielski, who in 1831 died) got Poniec; Filipina (wife of Ignatius Szczaniecki - Miedzychód, a colonel during the uprising of 1848) had Laszczyn, while
youngest Eleonora Laura (m. in 1834 to Karol Czarniecki of Volhynia, divorced, 2nd m. in 1850 to General Józef Napoleon Hutten- Czapski) taken Golancz.
Golancz is situated at northern Great Poland, close to Chodziez [see Kiedrzynski !]. The widow Prowidencja lived later in Poznan by 11 years. She died in Poznan, on October 11, 1837 and was buried in Pawlowice.
Golancz - 28 km east of Chodziez [Smogulec is north of Golancz]. See - Margonin - 14 km east of CHODZIEZ, and Chodziez close to ex-Prussian border - Arcichowski and Kiedrzynski. Margonin is situated 18 km west of named GOLANCZ !! Smogulec - north-east of Margonin.
Józef Czapski on 29 January 1850 - as an administrator of Smogulec - married Eleonora / Eleanor Czarnecka (1815-1875), daughter of General Stanislaw Mielzynski, owner of Smogulec and Golancza; 1846 she was separated with her husband Charles Czarnecki; and in 1851, Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Hutten Czapski was born (1851-1937);
Smogulec and Golancza since the eighteenth century, remained in the hands of the family Mielzynski. Eleonora / Eleanor Czarnecka inherited them; Eleonora 1st married Karol Czarnecki, 2nd in 1850 to Joseph Czapski / Napoleon Jozef Czapski (died in 1852), the only son of Joseph Czapski, Major General, and Cornelia Plawinski; her son Bogdan Hutten-Czapski (1851-1937) led a busy political and diplomatic activity in the service of the Prussian State.



A branch from Samuel Soltan b. 1654, killed in 1709, m. 1st to Wisiunianka / Wisimianka, and 2nd to Helena Ewa von Manteuffel 1-v. Jan von Berk; his son:

Stanislaw Pereswit Soltan 1698 - 1758, owned Andrepna and Zielonpole close to Rezekne / Rzeczyce [see Malkiewicz + Konstantynowicz], and Lideksna with Sprykutow close to Ludsen / Lucyn,
m. 1st to Eleonora Hilzen, daughter of Jerzy Konstanty Hilzen, and Anna Regina Schimmelpfennig von der Oye;
m. 2nd time in Dyrwiany to Helena Römer / Romer b. ca 1730 - she was 2-v. Jan Wayssenhof;
children of Stanislaw Soltan senior:
1. Augusta Soltan, b. ca 1750 m. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Stanislaw Soltan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwill d. 1802, daughter of Stanislaw RADZIWILL and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzieciol; m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róza Górska.

Above Stanislaw Soltan, b. 1756, d. Mitawa 1836, General, the President of the Commission of the Provisional Government of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1812.
Children of above Stanislaw Soltan junior [see below]:
1. Karolina Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 married after 1800 to Józef Piottuch-Kublicki [see below];
2. Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790, died 1812 + Antoni Wankowicz, born ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812, son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki.
3. Helena Soltan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
4. Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
5. Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.
6.
Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, with wifes:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and
Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.

Children of Stanislaw Soltan b. 1822:
1. Bogdan Wiktor Soltan 1861 - 1912 married to Maria Franciszka Soltan b. 1863, with daughter - Maria Emilia Soltan b. 1889 Aninsk and died 1963, m. Zdzislaw Henryk Grocholski - her daughter
Maria Grocholska b. 1911 Pietniczany and died in 1940 Otrebusy [see GUZOW];
2. Emilia Soltan Korsak, b. 1847 d. 1908,
3. Stanislaw Soltan, 1848 - 1850,
4. Helena Soltan 1849 - 1852,
5. Adam Soltan 1851 - 1902 in Brzostownica Murowana,
6.
Wiktor Wladyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, owner of Kraszuty.
Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk, owned by above mentioned Soltan, 1853-1905, engineer from Lodz, the Congress Poland, owner of Kraszuty, married to Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff.
Wiktor Wladyslaw Soltan (born 1853 in Brzostowica Murowana - 1905 Warszawa) was railway engineer; Soltan (Pereswit-Soltan) born close to Hrodna, was the son of Stanislaw SOLTAN and his first wife Mary Jundzill [see below - Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853, d. 1905 son of Stanislaw Soltan and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill Countess];
after losing his mother and father's exile to Siberia for his participation in the January Uprising 1863, Aunt Helena Pilecka took care of him - she lived in Brzostowica Murowana.
In autumn 1868, along with his brother Adam Soltan went to Riga [see Konstantynowicz + PUSZKIN / Pushkin] to study at the Engineering Politechnic. He graduated in 1874; send on the practice of engineering in Switzerland, where his uncle, Victor Jundzill, was the chief engineer of railways Lausanne-Bern. 1874-8, he worked for the West-Swiss Railways in Lausanne; returned to Warsaw in 1878 as a senior clerk in the Governing Board of the Warsaw-Terespol railway and in 1879 in the office of the board of Vistula Railway.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff Soltan's brother was Joseph Weyssenhoff who married Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch the daughter of Jan Bloch a banker from Lodz. Thanks to family connections of the Soltans

(Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff + above Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853, d. 1905 son of Stanislaw Soltan and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill Countess;
Amelia's father:
Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, her father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess;
Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff's brother:
Józef Weyssenhoff writer + Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch, the daughter of a banker from Lodz - Jan Bloch. The daughter of mentioned Józef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff was Aleksandra Zielewicz 1891 - 1956 in Brazil. Józef Weyssenhoff Baron, novelist, poet, literary critic and publisher)

Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan, b. 1853, was close to the Warsaw financiers and industrialists but under the influence of the family he moved to the village.

The family nest of the Lubienskis was village Kalinowa, district of Blaszki [see Suliszewice and KIEDRZYNSKI]; and Szczytniki, also Guzów, and Wiskitki.
Kalinowa is situated close to Garbow and Golkow; north of Blaszki; north-west of Sieradz. North of Lubna-Jakusy village. The Lubienskis were living in Warta city, and above named Lubny / Lubna. Orzech estate in the Kalinowa parish, and Garbów / Garbok farm in the Kalinowa parish were owned by the Lubienski family.

Wiktor Dunin-Jundzill / Jundzill Dunin had three daughters (see above and below):
1. Albertyna Soltan nee Dunin-Jundzill, 1836 - 1863;
2. Maria Soltan nee Dunin-Jundzill, 1827 - 1858;
3. Helena Chodzko nee Dunin-Jundzill, 1822 - 1886 in Paris.

Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia. Son of the writer Jan Chodzko; from 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom.
In 1847 he married in Lausanne to Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland; she was the
granddaughter of Mikolaj Michal Cichocki son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).

Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia;
he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and mentioned by Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844,
married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, daughter of Joseph / JOZEF SOLTAN, and Valentina
[Walentyna / Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 / 1810, married Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan who was born 1795, d. 1843 (Józef / Józef Wladyslaw Soltan, 1795-1843 / Wladyslaw Józef Soltan was the son of Benedykt SOLTAN, b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska / Josepha Benislawska), with daughter - Soltan Octavia / Oktawia Soltan, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman in 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to above Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, landowner, member of the January Uprising 1863],
and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia.
In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.

Children of above named Anna Swietorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki:
Waleria Wankowicz, in ca 1800 m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz, + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski,
Klementyna Wankowicz + Mostowski.

Tadeusz Oginski was the owner of Luczaj, let this estate to Tadeusz Wankowicz junior and Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka;
Andrzej OGINSKI and Franciszek Ksawery Oginski, sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs.
Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and Andrzej Ignacy OGINSKI (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812]. Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with: Franciszek Ksawery Oginski and Tadeusz Antoni Oginski.

Above Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, ca 1800 m. Soltan Carolina born ca 1780 [Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790]; with child:
A.
Walentyna / Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 / 1810, married
Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan who was born 1795, d. 1843 (Józef / Józef Wladyslaw Soltan, 1795-1843 / Wladyslaw Józef Soltan was the son of Benedykt SOLTAN, b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska / Josepha Benislawska), with daughter
- Soltan Octavia / Oktawia Soltan, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman in 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to above Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, landowner, member of the January Uprising 1863.
B.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan). Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Note:
Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with:
a) Franciszek Ksawery Oginski, 1801-1837, m. Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832
[Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800 - 1844, was son of Felix von Rönne 1st, and Antonina Gielgud; above Felix 1st b. circa 1770, d. 1827 was son of Mikalojus Rene. Feliks Filip was brother of
a1) Antoni von Rönne;
a2) MARIA TEKLA OGINSKA / Marija Tekle Oginskiene b. 1804
{wife of Tadeusz Antoni Oginski b. ca 1805 who was brother and half-brother to Franciszek Ksawery Oginski; Amelia Zaluska; Ireneusz Oginski / Irenejus Oginskis; Emma Wysocka and above mentioned Ida OGINSKA / Ida Oginskaite. See Kalinowski, Trubecki and Konstantynowicz with Piottuch-Kublicki};
a3) Ludwika von Rönne
a4) Teodora Oginska {b. 1807 wife of above Franciszek Ksawery Oginski b. 1801}],
with son Feliks Oginski, 1828-1893, who married to Olimpia von Rönne 1829-1861.
b)
Tadeusz Antoni Oginski
[Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Oginski born Rönne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis {see Michal Kleofas Oginski and Polish underground conspiracy for independence} with daughter Gabriele Marija Rene Oginskaite 1830 - 1912 of Gargždai {GABRIELA OGINSKA - see Mielzynski} who married to Edward Józef Krasicki and Eugeniusz von Rönne];
c)
Amelia Zaluska;
d)
Ireneusz Oginski / Irenejus Oginskis / Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Jozefina / Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski.
Maria de Neri's son - Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski (1808-1863) was the owner of Zalesie and Retów. Above named Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski [see also Wola Pszczolecka: Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Sulimierski, Radolinski...] and Emilia Potocka; she died in 1844; then
Ireneusz married 2nd to Olga Kalinowska
[see Trubecki, Estonia, Konstantynowicz, 1840 St Petersburg and Cracow].

Olga had 2 sons:
Michal Mikolaj Oginski owner of Zalesie, and Bogdan Michal Oginski in Retów. Bogdan Michal Oginski / Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district.

Above
Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791.
Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 [daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687 (acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki)].
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 that is MARIA / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804);
Marianna Maria Lubomirska 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824).
MARIA / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski; 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814).
Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska [Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 that is the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin, with daughter Maria 1829-1906, and son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}].

Children of count Jozef Kalinowski:
Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852, Jozefina married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844 and also Olga born 1822 died 7 April 1899 in Retow
(Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district in Lithuania now / Zmudz, owner of Retow and Zalesie that is Retowo or Rietavas, 25 km from Plungian; RIETAVAS was property in 1775 of Ksawery Oginski. In 1863 here died Ireneusz Oginski and in 1892 the first telephones in Lithuania).

Probably M. Kalinowska (Maria / Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!

Above countess Olga born 1818 or 1822 was married in 1844 to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863, and her son was Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski who was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 married after to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.
Above Ireneusz Oginski, duke, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow / RIETAVAS and Zalesie.
Bogdan Oginski died on 25. 03. 1909.

Brief explanation:

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759
[see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski]
married in 1780 to + Elzbieta Bielska / Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760
with children:

1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791.

2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831

and 3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

e)
Emma Wysocka;

f)
Ida Oginska - the daughter of named above Michal Kleofas Oginski who lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851).
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), had son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan).

C.
Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benislawski 1846- 1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);

D.
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;

E.
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz
[the family of the author - see the DUFLON and Konstantynowicz Company, the Armands, the Trubeckis, Parnu and Tallinn, MIEZONKA, Moscow, Pskow, Zaporoze; compare BREGUET and Kazan; Venture de Paradise, Maleszewski and Sulkowski].

F.
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735 [?] - 1789. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760 [daughter of Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer {see below}; the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan (see below).

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas [see above], born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Römer {see above on Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760}; husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanislaw Soltan, b. 1756, d. Mitawa 1836, General, the President of the Commission of the Provisional Government of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1812.
He married two times:
Franciszka Teofila RADZIWILL / Francis Theophilus Radziwill died 1802 - her father was Stanislaw Radziwill and mother Karolina POCIEJ / Pociej Carolina
- she brought to the family of Soltan an estate Zdzieciol / Zdzieciol.
Second time to: Konstancja Toplicka - Tupalska voto Korsak in 1820 that is Constance Tupalska Toplicka - Korsak, her father Antoni / Anthony.

More on the KALINOWSKI family [see above].

The family of above Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738:
Aleksander Kalinowski b. ca 1640 + Elzbieta Strzemeska,
Klara Kalinowska b. ca 1640 + Pawel Chamiec,
Antoni Kalinowski born ca 1640 + Ludwika Gidzinska Gierowska,
and Józef Jan Kalinowski 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckoronska b. ca 1660,
with children [we need check who was a mother of Ignacy Kalinowski born 1710 (b. 1730!) ?!]:
Adam Kalinowski b. ca 1690 + Marianna Boryszewska (with son Józef Kalinowski b. ca 1720),
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720.

Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720
[Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan)],
had children:

1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,

2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / Olszowski [see President Lech Kaczynski],

3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki.
Above Józef Soltyk b. ca 1750, died in 1803, came from Mikita (Mikolaj) Soltyk. His grandfather - Józef Franciszek Soltyk d. 1735, and father - Maciej Soltyk d. 1780. Józef Soltyk d. 1803, was brother of Maciej Kajetan, and of Stanislaw SOLTYK - senator and Marshal of the Parliament of the Warsaw Duchy.

4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Glogowski
[this is the genealogical connection to the Komorowski family and this means that also to the President Bronislaw Komorowski - see my data on liaisons of Lithuanian and Galician branches of this count's family - also see: Wola Pszczólecka, Mielzynski, Kalinowski and Oginski - von Ronne and Bilewicz from Zmudz / Samaites],

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 / 1764 + Ludwik Walewski [see Kiedrzynski, Fiszer {+ Kosciuszko and Jefferson}, Wola Pszczolecka {see Kiedrzynski}].

Antoniona b. ca 1750 / 1760 had 3 sons (Karol Franciszek Walewski) and daughter. See: Wola Pszczolecka, Kiedrzynski, Sulimierski, Oginski, Trubecki. Ludwik Walewski bought Parzymiechy in 1794 from Poninski.

Ludwik Mikolaj Walewski / Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 m. 2nd in 1794 to Antonina Kalinowska.
His father Wojciech Walewski born ca 1715, d. 1757, landlord of Pstrekonie
[the grandfather - Stanislaw Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz (see: Wola Pszczolecka, the Zaliwski movement, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski), owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna / Swierzyny, Gronów; m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd in 1708, to Krystyna Rychlowska daughter of Stanislaw, owner of Podlezyce, Rzechta; his parents Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski) and his first wife Anna Gostynska],
m. in 1740, Teresa Laszowska.

The brother of above WOJCIECH Walewski:
Karol WALEWSKI, d. ca 1757 owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Galecka daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska - she was the 2 voto Jan Radolinski
(Brygida Galecka was the daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska. Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds"; was the sister of King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Ludwika married in 1745 Jan Jakub Zamoyski, by whom she had an only daughter).

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida [see above !] or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka;
Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813) [see Kiedrzynski], son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska
[see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski].
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825.
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. in 1784 or ca 1790 / 1795, d. 1831 or before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka, 1800-1881, owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki born in 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów - d. 1844, owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow, who was son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska [Salomea ?].
Hortensja Karsnicka had 3 husbands:
1st m. to Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. 1784 / 1795 - died 1831 / before 1846; Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, was owner of Bialokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karsnicka daughter of Antoni Karsnicki [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea (?) who was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Glogowska b. 1780;
2nd m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska [see above Julia],
3rd m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Son of above Hortensja: Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska.


Secret Societies. Masonic conspiracy theories as conspiracy theories involving Freemasonry. History Of Secret Societies: Knights Templar, Illuminati and Freemasons. The Order of the Illuminati: Its Origins, Its Methods and Its Influence. Masonic Origins. FREEMASONRY SCOTTISH RITE CULT.



GOSTYN:

The Ciesielski family, Trampczynski and Kiedrzynski were relatives:
Józef Kiedrzynski born ca 1848.
Janina Ciesielska 1921 - 2006, was granddaughter of Józef Ciesielski b. 1871, in Jezyce, d. 1929 in Tomislawice; Janina was the great-granddaughter of Franciszek Ciesielski b. ca 1839, d. 1906, in Trzebuchów + Bibianna Dembinska, marriage in 1866 in Dobrzyca; Franciszek was working in Sosnica close to Dobrzyca; Franciszek's father was Wojciech Ciesielski b. ca 1805, d. ca 1887, m. in 1825 to Malgorzata Bieganska.
Above named Dobrzyca, 18 km west of PLESZEW; north-east of Krotoszyn and west of GOSTYN.

Józef Dembinski from Sieroszewice [14 km east of Ostrow Wielkopolski, north of OSTRZESZOW], b. 1821, son of Wojciech Dembinski + Konstancja nee Kiedrzynska [b. ca 1790/1800 ?], m. in 1844 in Gorzyczki to Zuzanna Lawicka.
Nepomucen Dembinski b. 1823, brother of Józef, m. in 1843 in Dobrzyca, to Anastazja Szukalska, b. 1818 in Dobrzyca, with daughter Bibianne Dembinska / Bibianna above named.

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771. Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son Anastazy, and daughters: Marianna in 1779 m. to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !]; Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski; Michalina; Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.
Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784, with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821, and with daughter
Monika, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.
Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

When Andrzej Kiedrzynski was died before / in 1855, his estates and properties - Suliszewice [north-west of BLASZKI], and Mikolajewszczyna, with Suliszewice Jarki, and Koldów [west of Kalinowa - se below], were divided between heirs in 1856 in Kalisz.
Suliszewice and Koldów are situated close to Blaszki; Suliszewice, 2 km west of Koldow; Koldow is west of Kalinowa, and north of Blaszki.

The triangle close to the Prussian border was the ancestral seat of the Kiedrzynski family - the my line, that is Wschowa - Kunowo - Wilkowo Polskie:

1. Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. This is Kunow / Kunowo 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis. See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn; Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo; Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County.

2. In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska [widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa], after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski. Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn; north of Leszno [see Sulkowski]; 15 km north-east of PRZEMET / Przemet [see in named Przemet a father of Andrzej Mielzynski of Kcynia, 1698-1771 + Anna Petronela Bninska, 1720-1771].

3. Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI [see Radziejow] of Kalisz (1758-1763) and Poznan (1763-1782), 1729-1792, m. Wirydianna Bninska, 1718-1797
{her second husband before 1744: Leon Raczynski 1698-1755 with daughter Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792 who married in 1757 to Józef Stanislaw Radolinski - officer in Wschowa (1776-1777) (they had daughter Wiridianna / Wiridiana Radolinska, 1761 - 1826 + ca 1780, to Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, and 2nd + in 1806 to General Stanislaw Fiszer [see Jefferson and Kosciuszko with Paszkowski] 1759-1812)}.
Józef Stanislaw Radolinski born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra. His father was Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740, who was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

In 1775 Florian / Florjan Kiedrzynski, a clark in KALISZ, and his relatives: Pawel Kiedrzynski [heirs], son of Marcin with Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska; with Stanislaw Kiedrzynski, the writer of the customs chamber in WSCHOWA [see Sulkowski]; and his brother Józef Kiedrzynski - heirs.
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski, ? - 1774 [married Marjanna nee Zamoyska]. Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, was the son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [ca 1700-1788], born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1720 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

KALINOWA, north-west of Sieradz:

Aleksander Walewski older, owner of Wieruszow, in 1761 officer in Piotrkow, m. ELZBIETA MECINSKA of Wielun; she was the owner of Wieruszow or Franciszek Walewski was the owner, and sold Wieruszow in 1743 to Aleksander Walewski. Elzbieta had 3 sons:
[Michal and Daniel taken Wieruszow] Jozef b. 1747 or 1743 [see below];
Michal born 1749;
Daniel b. 1750 or 1751. Daniel was the friend of Hugo Kollataj.
Michal since 1788 was owner of all Wieruszow estate, to 1793 - in this year Wieruszow was sold to German. Michal Walewski was near to the Magnuski family and to families from GREBANIN and Baranow.
Above Elzbieta had daughters:
Salomea b. August 1775, m. Jozef Kielczewski of KOWAL [south of Wloclawek];
Felicjanna b. July 1777 + Ignacy Trzebinski.

Above Michal Walewski son of Aleksander, was the King court official; married Salomea Psarska of MYSLNIEW close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski and Psarski]; she was the daughter of Sebastian PSARSKI and Teresa Niemojewska. They had daughter Tekla m. Count Aleksander Walewski.

Above named Jozef b. 1747 or 1743, died 1792, m. PAULINA RADOLINSKA; in ca 1775 Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO, Borki and Jankowice close to Jedlno [see Izydor Kiedrzynski], and also of Kalinowa close to Zdunska Wola [see above on Andrzej Kiedrzynski]. Jozef had daughter Ludwika m. Jozef Niemojewski; and Jozef had 2 sons: Aleksander married to cousin - TEKLA.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff Soltan's brother was Joseph Weyssenhoff who married Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch the daughter of Jan Bloch a banker from Lodz. Thanks to family connections of the Soltans

(Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff + Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853, d. 1905 son of Stanislaw Soltan and Albertyna Dunin- Jundzill Countess;
Amelia's father:
Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, her father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess;
Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff's brother:
Józef Weyssenhoff writer + Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch the daughter of a banker from Lodz - Jan Bloch. The daughter of mentioned Józef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff was Aleksandra Zielewicz 1891 - 1956 in Brazil. Józef Weyssenhoff Baron, was a novelist, poet, literary critic and publisher),

Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853 was close to the Warsaw financiers and industrialists but under the influence of the family he moved to the village.

The family nest of the Lubienskis was village Kalinowa, district of Blaszki [see above]; and Szczytniki, also Guzów, and Wiskitki. Kalinowa is situated close to Garbow and Golkow; north of Blaszki; north-west of Sieradz. North of Lubna-Jakusy village. The Lubienskis were living in Warta city, and above named Lubny / Lubna. The Orzech estate in the Kalinowa parish, and Garbów / Garbok farm in the Kalinowa parish were owned by the Lubienski family;

Maciej Lubienski (b. - 1710) was brother of Stanislaw Lubienski, and was the landlord of above Kalinowa - he was the Sieradz officer; in the village of Kalinowa, central Poland, is the former mansion-house of families Lubienski, and later Murzynowski; is situated 66 km south-west of Lódz, the above mansion had built and owned by Wojciech Jan Lubienski / Wojciech January Lubienski before 1652;
the last owner of the Lubienski noble family was Feliks Lubienski (1758-1848), who moved his residence to Guzów in 1797 - see Chopin, Breguet, Oginski in Otrebusy!
From a 'Diary of Lubienskis' and the letter correspondences of his son, General Tomasz Lubienski (1784-1870), we know a lot about this family;
in Kalinowa was born Wladyslaw Aleksander Lubienski - the Polish Primate who was crowned the King of Poland Stanislaw August Poniatowski [see MALESZEWSKI and Zamoyski].

From 1797 Kalinowa was owned by the Murzynowskis. The mansion in 1865 was chosen as a model for the 'Straszny Dwór' (the Haunted Manor) in Stanislaw Moniuszko's opera of the same name. 1916 the Murzynowski rebuilding the manor. The 1783-1784 register informed about the Kalinowa Parish in the Sieradz county:
village Gac to Kocielkowski; the Garbok farm to Lubienski; Golkow – Pstrokonski; property of Kalinowa – Lubienski (Michal Lubienski, the King court in 1775, Captain); Kaweczynek – the Catholic order; Orzech – Lubienski; Tobolczew - Kolaczkowski.

We back to Aleksandra Emilia Bloch / Alicja Bloch who married Józef Weyssenhoff / Józef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff who after 1905 was the closest to a national democracy; bard of the old traditions of the borderland landowners and hunting. Józef Weyssenhoff was born 1860 in Kolano village near Jablon / Parczew.

Mentioned above Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff m. Wiktor Wladyslaw Soltan 1853 - 1905; her father Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska 1830 / after 1836 - 1880 daughter of Seweryn Lubienski and Amelia Golabek Jezierska;
her brothers:
1. above Józef Weyssenhoff + Alicja Bloch, with children: Wanda, Jan Weyssenhoff - Prof. the Wilno Uniw., Aleksandra Weyssenhoff and Rozalia;
2. Waldemar Wlodzimierz Weyssenhoff, landowner of Tarnów, and Juzynty in the Jeziorosy county
[see: Brzezinski and Konstantynowicz; Juzynty / Jużynty, Panevėžys County, Lithuania - now Jūžintai; Зараса́й / in 1836 - 1918 as Новоалександровск, in 1919 - 1929 Эжеренай = Zarasai = Jeziorosy = Novoaleksandrovsk; a city in north-eastern Lithuania, the administrative center of Zarasai District]
+ Maria Ledóchowska daughter of Karol Ledóchowski and Zofia Czosnowska.

Remember on Amelia's father: Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, her father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess;

Wanda Lubienska's father:
Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski [b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow, in 1826; Captain of the Napoleon Guard] and Paulina; husband of Amelia Golabek Jezierska; father of Maria Górska; Wanda Weyssenhoff; Witold Józef Lubienski; Kazimierz Lubienski; Zdzislaw Stanislaw Józef Lubienski; Mieczyslaw Jan Lubienski; Teofila Bogumila Stadnicka; Jadwiga Lubienska, and Jan Nepomucen Lubienski; half brother of Kazimierz Lubienski.

Above named Amelia Golabek Jezierska - Lubienska b. 1813, d. 1885, was the daughter of Jan Nepomucen Pawel Golabek- Jezierski and Karolina Jelski; she was sister of Maria Golicyn; Jadwiga Puslowska and Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski.

Andrzej Ignacy Oginski: b. 1740, Freemason; his wife Paula Szembek / Paulina Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski who b. 1765 died 1833 in Florencja. Józefa Lopacinska nee Oginska, born 1760. Józefa Oginska born to Andrzej Ignacy Oginski and Paulina Lubienska Potocka nee Szembek.
Andrzej was born in 1739. Paulina was born on January 1, 1737.
Józefa b. 1760 had 3 brothers:
Feliks Walezjusz Lubienski / Łubieński Felix de Valois
(1758-1848, m. Teresa Belinsky / Bielinska; Feliks Lubienski moved his residence from Kalinowa to Guzów in 1797, the only son of Felix de Valois and Teresa Belinsky was Francis Xavier Łubieński / Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow, Captain of the Napoleon Guard, who had two sons:
Kazimierz born in 1801 (mother Anna Miłkowska) and
Seweryn was born 1811 - his mother Paulina Potocki;
in 1836 Seweryn Lubienski (1811-1855) married Amelia Jezierska (1813-1885) and had 4 daughters and 5 sons. Francis X. Łubieński died at the age of 42;
Seweryn with the family moved to the property of the Potocki (Milanow) on the north border of the Lublin province, close to Radzyń Podlaski;
but Starzenice was property of Józef Pomian Łubieński 1843-1909, son of Napoleon - Jozef married Jadwiga Kreska d. 1895 in Starzenice),
later Minister of Justice of the Duchy of Warsaw.

Important note on Kalinowski - Walewski line:

Stanisław Franciszek WALEWSKI d. 1716, officer of Sieradz, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gronów, Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd to Krystyna Rychłowska - Trzebicki (she was 3rd married to Jan Feliks Walewski), with:
1. Józef WALEWSKI d. 1724, m. Elżbieta Magnuska - Skarbek,
2. Feliks WALEWSKI d. 1752,
3. Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Gałecka, daughter of Franciszek and Ludwika Poniatowska (she was 2nd to Jan Radoliński; see above on the King Poniatowski),
with:
a). Ludwika m. Kazimierz Kacper Gembart,
b). Julianna Joanna b. ca 1756, m. Feliks Złotnicki, 2nd Daniel Suchecki;
4. Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Łaszowska
with:
a). Józefa b. 1737 + Konstanty Ossowski,
b). Eleonora Walewska m. Maciej Krobanowski d. 1792,
c). Rozalia Walewska + Jakub Madaliński,
d). Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wężyk d. 1792 - owner of Kalinowa [see above on Lubienski and Kiedrzynski] and Ligota, 1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wężyk;
Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow daughter of Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzęcka - she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Świerzyny, to Mikołaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771;
Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI had children:
A. Michał Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krześlow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolińska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckorońska,
with:
a). Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822 in Parzymiechy,
b).Jadwiga Maria + 1850 to Henryk Stanisław Wojciech Lanckoroński;
D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kręska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karśnicka.
Children of Napoleon Walewski:
a). Ludwik Mieczysław Walewski b. 1830, owner of Pstrokonie, Paprotnia, m. unknown with: Adela,
b). Antonina Floriana Salomea b. 1831 in Pstrekonie, + Bolesław Kobierzycki,
c). Wanda Natalia Maria Walewska b. 1832 in Masłowice, m. Władysław Sulimierski owner of Lubiec near Wola Pszczolecka (see Adam Kiedrzynski in Sulmierzyce).

Władysław Jan / Władysław Sulimierski, 1830 - 1866, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka, was son of Marceli / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, and Zofia Szołowska / Joanna Szolochowska. Parents of above Marceli: Jan Sulimierski and Magdalena Fundament-Krasicka. Father of above Jan: Jozef Sulimierski b. 1738, d. 1805 in Widawa + Franciszka Wierzchlejska / Wierzchlenska. Parents of above Jozef: Michal Sulimierski [son of Marianna Stokowska], and unknown wife.

Above Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, was also father of Korneli Kazimierz Edward Sulimierski b. 1834 in LUBIEC close to Wola Pszczolecka, who married to Adamina Markowska ca 1830 - 1900, with son Bronisław Sulimierski b. 1863, d. 1952, and Maria Siemienska.

Gostyn:

Note:
Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo; son of Józef [1710 - 1755; Jozef was son of Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska] and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775; daughter of Anna Watta-Kosicki and Wojciech Gutowski.
Above Józef Madaliński b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski!
Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kościuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768.
His father was above mentioned Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno, includes: Bojanice, Bojanickie Huby, Borzątew / Wilhelmsau, Florentynowo, Karniszew / Karniszewo close to Klecko, Kobylica, Mączniki, Małe Świątniki, Mieleszyn north-east of Klecko, Przysieka, Sokolnickie Huby, Sokolniki), married to Barbara Gutowski, owner of Gola - 5 km west of Gostyn and close to the Sulkowskis estates, in 1745-1746 owner of Babin - 6 km north of Slupca and east of Wrzesnia; Chrostowo - 1754, d. 1755. Barbara m. 2nd in 1765 to Jakub Krzyżanowski;
with sons
above Antoni b. 1739;
Feliks Wojciech, b. 1741,
Gabriel Józef, b. in Babin in 1745,
Leon Adam, b. 1746;
daughters - Weronika Ewa,
Leona Adama,
Joanna Marianna b. in Gola 1744, m. Franciszek Droszewski; and
Franciszka, died in Międzyborze in 1774.

Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of above Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary 1802, Zatopolice close to Radom, Przybyszew / Przybyszewo, Lubania and Porów; burned in Przybyszewo, but his heart in Lubania. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto - see Kiedrzynski! Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica!
He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sułkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow. Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczyńskis land, then in 1791 to Mielżyński.
Antoni Madaliński after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.

The Freemasonry in the Poznan province:

Les Freres Anglais et Français Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski. Members:
Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and
Jozef Poniatowski;
others members:
Barbara Dabrowska, Julianna Poninska, Karolina Palombini, Jaraczewska, Wincentyna Axamitowska, Eufemia Kwasniewska, Sulkowska, and Augustyna Zablocka; Lasocki in Lomza, General Kretkowski in Leczyca, Plichta in Plock,
Franciszek Mickiewicz,
General Stanislaw Mielzynski,
Maximilian and Adam Moszczenski;
it was constituted again in December 1815 and on 16 March 1816 with Zaborowski, and was the meeting mourning for a brother Thaddeus Kosciuszko on 19 December 1817.
In Dec. 1819 - Jan. 1820 was meeting of General Jan Nepomucen Uminski with Colonel Dobrogoyski, envoy of Kalisz. Dobrogoyski informed on the secret network in Cracow, and Uminski was claiming that is always ready to establish a branch in the Great Poland; he had confidential relations with Lieutenant Colonel Louis Sczaniecki;
the secret organisation was formed - probably at the beginning of 1820 in Poznan - national Freemasonry:
Sczaniecki,
Count Wiktor Szoldrski,
Gajewski,
Czapski,
Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski, Zaborowski, Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski,
three brothers Mielzynski,
two Potworowski, Tytus Dzialynski, Józef Krzyzanowski, Garstkiewicz, Monkowski, Bukowiecki, Alojzy Zaborowski, Kalinowski, General Pradzynski also in Warsaw.
General Uminski was a member since 1820 with witnesses Morawski, Pradzynski, Adam Grabowski, with a contacts to counties nobility of southern, around Gostyn and Leszno. Maybe a separate filial existed in Leszno. In 1820 gathered a large number of members from the Leszno area; Pradzynski was in Leszno a member of the commission to limit the Russian - Prussian border.

Note on the Rokossowski family in the south Great Poland [Krotoszyn, Leszno, Rawicz]:

Maciej son of Wawrzyniec Rokossowski, inf. 1527, Pawlowo; 1516 Srem, Maciej Rokossowski; 1852 Wincenty Rokossowski and Konstancja Cholewicka in Krasnosielc-Sielc; Rokossowski Piotr priest in Krotoszyn in the 19th cent.; 1814, Skiereszew near Gniezno - Konstanty Rokossowski, owner of Mnichowo, and Domicella Nowacka; Konstanty Rokossowski, a steward in Mnichowo in 1811. Ksawera Antonina Prowidencja d. 1803 in Popkowo / Pepkowo, daughter of Jozef Rokossowski and Kunegunda nee Skoroszewska Rokossowski.
Pepowo in the Gostyn county, 16 km south-east of Gostyn, at half way from Gostyn to Krotoszyn, and east of Rokosowo!
In 1775 Zofja Rokossowska, wife of Klemens Karsznicki with her son Waclaw-Michal Karsznicki, together with Tomasz Rokossowski the purpose of considering matters of inheritance after death of Marianna Rokossowska 1 voto Bogurska, 2nd voto Korytowska;
the estate was in Czeluscin close to PEPOWO, west of Krotoszyn [see Mielzynski and Merkel].
In 1772, Jakub Rokossowski, priest, son of the widow of the deceased Karol Rokossowski; mother nee Grodzicka, was owner of Szczytniki; grandmother was nee Rokossowska wife of Dankowski.
KAROLINA Gatkiewicz nee Korytowska was the daughter of Piotr Korytowski who died before 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska; Karolina was born in
Pakoslaw {south of above Pepowo, 14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN, see Mielzynski and Sulkowski}, d. 1800 [Piotr m. also to Weronika Tekla Bartoszewska 1730 - 1756; above Ewa was married also to Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski d. 1756].
The Konarzewski family had Pepowo to 18th cent., then Weronika Konarzewska married Maciej Mycielski and she brought him as her dowry named Pepowo; with Chocieszewice, in 1846 - Teodor Mycielski. 1830, Józefa Mycielski in Rokosowo.
ROKOSOWO is situated south-west of GOSTYN.

We can start from European Commission for Democracy through Law, that is Venice Commission, with Dan Meridor, Lydie Err, Hanna Suchocka - 1992–1993 Polish PM (close to Jerzy Buzek; near the Malta Order), Krzysztof Drzewicki, Ch. Grabenwater, J. Verlaers.
The genealogy of Felicja Mielżyńska and Władysław Blociszewski vel GAJEWSKI:
Felicja Mielżyńska, Css, 1877-1939 had great-grandparents:
Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński 1778-1826, Maksymilian Józef Potocki 1786-1837, Michał Ignacy Ksawery Mycielski 1760-1815, and Piotr Bisping 1777-1848, Prowidencja Honorata Zaremba 1787-1827, Józefa Wyszyńska b. 1800, Elżbieta Mierzejewska 1773-1849, and Józefa Kicka 1790-1850.
Grandparents: Leon Tomasz Mielżyński 1809-1900, Felicja Elżbieta Potocka 1811-1870, Teodor Kazimierz Maciej Mycielski 1804 -1874, and Ludwika Bisping.
Her Parents: Maciej Eliasz Mielżyński 1846-1907 and Teresa Mycielska 1856-1903. Above Felicja Mielżyńska died in 1939.
Felicja m. 1895, in Żytowiecko close to Gostyń, to Władysław Gajewski / Błociszewski, 1867-1925, son of Józef Gajewski of Błociszewo, with children: Ludwika Gajewska and Rafał 1905-1951 m. Aniela Szenic b. 1910, with Łukasz Gajewski b. 1946 + Elżbieta Suchocka [see below more] b. 1949.

1806 / 1807:

On the appeal of the General J. H. Dabrowski and Joseph Wybicki, Stanislaw Mielzynski allocated substantial sums for the organization of the infantry regiment. Their wealth included palaces like Pawlowice and Iwno. Stanislaw Mielzynski was owner of Pawlowice, Poniec, Laszczyn and Golancz. Above named Stanislaw Mielzynski was born on November 14, 1778 in Rabin as Stanislaw Kostka Andrew James.
He was the fourth child (the first of three sons) of the writer of the Crown - Maximilian Mielzynski / Maksymilian Mielzynski and Konstancja Czapska / Constance Czapski.
In the early 90's of the XVIII cent., the family lived in Pawlowice owned by Maximilian. In 1799, Count Maximilian Mielzynski died - the owner of a huge fortune inherited by his three sons. Stanislaw got Pawlowice, Poniec, Laszczyn and Golancz. His brother Nicholas among others, Zytowiecko, Leka, Karczewo, Baszków close to Krotoszyn and Rawicz; the youngest brother Thomas died four years later. Three brothers had sister Catherine.
On 18 November 1800, Stanislaw married in Gostyn to Prowidencja Honorata Zaremba, the daughter of the chamberlain Peter Zaremba and Elizabeth nee Radolinski.
From this marriage were born in the following order: Elizabeth (1802), Joseph (1803), next daughter (1807), Leon (1809) and Eleanor (1815).
In 1806 in November, the French troops invaded the Great Poland; in Poznan was gen. Jan Henryk Dabrowski and
Joseph Wybicki who known Mielzynski and began creating Polish army;
the count Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 November 1806 was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize the 3rd infantry regiment in the division of the General Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
Because Mielzynski had no military experience, his 3rd Infantry Regiment commanded Major Stanislaw FISZER / Fisher. Major Stanislaw Fisher was later the heroic chief of the General Staff of the Army.

KROTOSZYN - south-east of Gostyn and Pawlowice. Pawlowice - 15 km east of LESZNO; south-west of Kunowo and Gostyn. GOLA 4 km west of Gostyn. Koszkowo north-east of GOSTYN. Noskow - 9 km south-west of Jarocin.

Remember:
Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. But this is Kunow / Kunowo 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis.
See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn;
Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo; Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County.



Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanisław Kostka Kiedrzyński, son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [ca 1700-1788], born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1720 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska [widowed after death of Stanisław Rembowski of Dobrzyń {marriage in 1752}, and after Stanisław Kostka Kiedrzyński, writer in Wschowa], after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szołdrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szołdrski.

Stanisław Rembowski
[1691-1768; son of Wojciech Rembowski and Marianna Przedzyńska / PRADZYNSKA !; Stanislaw had sister Katarzyna Konarska and a brother Jan Rembowski]
and Marianna Zamoyska
[daughter of Michał Zamoyski b. 1690 {or before !}, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rożen]
had son Klemens Rembowski b. 1752, and grandchildren:
Katarzyna Rembowska / Ręmbowska b. 1780, Maciej Rembowski 1780-1833, Stanisław Rembowski 1780-1849, and Antoni Jan Rembowski 1785-1858 [landowner of Szczytniki, in the Kalisz county; died in Nowa Wies; married in 1810 to Marcjanna Marianna Wolska b. 1793].

Michał Zamoyski b. 1690 or acc. to me: born ca 1679, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rożen - that is Michał Zdzisław Saryusz Zamoyski the 6th landlord of ZAMOSC, b. ca 1679 or after 1679, died 1735 - Zamość; he married three times; 3rd time to unknown with two daughters born ca 1720 {above Marianna Zamoyska [? = Marjanna nee Zamoyska]} and the second daughter after 1720.

Stanisław Rembowski b. 1691 or born in 1696-1768 married two times: in 1733 [with son Jan] and 2nd time in ca 1750; he had granddaughter
Marianna Rembowska married to Andrzej Kurowski (b. 1750 Mrowiniec - d. after 1799) officer in Poznań in 1791 to ca 1795, who was in 1798 landowner of Górsko / Gorsko close to Przemęt - Przemęt / Priment, in the Wolsztyn county, 5 km to ex-Prussian border, 19 north of WSCHOWA, south-east of Wolsztyn [see Mielzynski and Sulkowski !] - marriage before 1797.

Above Michał Zdzisław Saryusz Zamoyski [see below] was the father of Ludwina Wielhorska; Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski; Jan Jakub Zamoyski; Andrzej Zamoyski, Count [see below]; Helena Potocka; Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska, and
Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech born 1722, married Jan Karol Wandalin Mniszech 1716-1759, General.

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech
[wife of Michał Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, son of above Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771, daughter of Michał Zdzisław Saryusz Zamoyski]
and Brygida / Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Gałecka.

Note to Ignacy Kiędrzyński / Ignacy Kiedrzyński

[b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730. Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:

In 1764 in Wielgomłyny, Ignacy Kiedrzyński of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zabłocka 1 voto Święcicka (widow, a woman who has lost her husband by death),
with witnesses:
Mikołaj Zabłocki from Rogi (6 km south-east of Wielgomłyny), Antoni Maj / MAY of Wola Życińska (5 km south-east of above ROGI), and Antoni Zaręba. Zofia nee Zabłocka 1 voto Święcicka - no data.

Marcin Kiedrzynski was the uncle of above Ignacy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 and to above mentioned Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720.

Marcin b. ca 1700, and Kazimierz Kiedrzynski were the brothers.

Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.
Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father
was Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska;
brothers of FLORIAN:
Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?; Stanislaw Kiedrzynski ? - 1774; Pawel Kiedrzynski; Józef Kiedrzynski;
sister Bona from KARSY, married Kiedrzynska. Karsy - 10 km south-east of DMENIN and 11 km west of Wielgomlyny.

Acc. to Nejman:
Wojciech Sulimierski owner in 1728 of Losieniec, married to Dorota Trzebnicka, with son:
Józef Sulimierski d. 1787, m. Antonina Przeradzka; with children:
1. Jan died 1809, 2. Salomea; 3. Agnieszka m. Jan Kossobudzki;
4. Ludwik Sulimierski born ca 1758, died ca 1826, owner of Stronsko, m. to Marianna Julianna Kempista, daughter of Maciej Kempista and Joanna Szeliska,
with children:
a) Faustyna born ca 1799, Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki;
b) Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski of Wesola and Tyczyn, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska; with daughter Ewa Józefa born 1836 in Zielecice;
c) Feliks Bonawentura Sulimierski married in 1829 to Petronela SZANIAWSKA - she was b. 1810 in Gromadzice, daughter of Jan Kanty SZANIAWSKI b. ca 1764, owner of above Gromadzice, and Ochle, and Agnieszka Psarska [see below].

Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - 1839) had sons:
1. Józef Gabriel Szaniawski (born in 1805 in Gromadzice close to Wielun - d. 1879) married in 1841 to Aniela Zbijewska (b. 1816);
2. Jan Chryzostom Ignacy Szaniawski (born 1813, Gromadzice), owner of Chodaki in the Szadek county, and also owner of Kraszyn, and Zwiasty;
3. Ludwik Bartłomiej Szaniawski (b. 1816 in Gronów, the Sieradz county), owner of Kroczyce in the Lelów county and Malowana Wola (see above on Ignacy KIEDRZYNSKI) and married in 1844 in Rędziny to Aniela Rotkiewicz from Kroczyce (b. in 1824, Kroczyce - died 1860, Piotrków) daughter of Marianna Dobińska (Dabińska, Drabińska).

Above Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - 1839) was the landowner of Ochle close to Łask and owner of Gromadzice in the Wielun county, married in 1803, Osjaków, to Agnieszka Psarska b. ca 1770 - died after 1844, daughter of Władysław Psarski 1700-1787.
Jan Kanty Szaniawski had daughter:
above named Petronela Szaniawska 1809-1835, who married Feliks Bonawentura Szulimierski / Sulimierski b. 1800 with son Stanisław Jan Szulimierski / Sulimierski b. 1830 - Widawa;
Feliks Bonawentura Szulimierski / Sulimierski was son of Ludwik Szulimierski / Sulimierski born 1770 + Marianna KEMPISTA [see above].

In Wola Malowana was living Zabierzewski.

KONSTANCJA Psarska (b. ca 1819 - died after 1840), daughter of Antoni PSARSKI [see more below] and Łucja Czekulin; Konstancja was born in Rędziny, the Mstów parish; m. (1840 in Mstów) to Stanisław Jan Adolf Szafraniec Bystrzanowski (ca 1797-after 1840), son of Ignacy Bystrzanowski and Urszula Dobiński, the lessee of goods Siedlce, the Mstów parish; Stanislaw was born in Wola Malowana (close to Mstów); his 1st wife died - Lucyna Trepka;
his children:
Wanda, Kazimierz Antoni, Józefa Stefania, Stefan Wiktor Bystrzanowski.

Note to above Antoni Psarski:

The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzyński of Kalisz who helped to this family.
Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna nee BOGDANSKA were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786.

Above JAKUB Kiedrzyński, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [? - son of Tomasz Psarski; Antoni PSARSKI m. Łucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Above Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdańska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzyński; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).
He was son of Kajetan Madaliński 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzyńska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.
Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki, had children:
a) Kunegunda b. ca 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784;
b) Sebastian Fabian MADALIŃSKI.

Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALIŃSKI b. 1774 had brother Jakub Hiacynt MADALIŃSKI born 1775, m. Honorata Psarska died ca 1820, with daughter Anna b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Józef Julian Walewski son of Andrzej owner of Wola Bałucka, 2nd time married to Jan Kanty Psarski, landowner of Wielgie.

See:
Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730 [Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1720 / 1730, was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska] was
father of:
1. KACPER Kiedrzynski b. ca 1750

[Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770. Andrzej Kiedrzyński (junior) was born ca 1770, was son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish. Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski. She was daughter of Joachim Kreski b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, and she had mother Justyna Magnuska b. 1749 and died 1817 in Grebanin];

2. DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750, died in 1784

[Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabiński / Wawrzyniec Bartłomiej Grabiński who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabiński d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763; his brothers: Jan Grabiński, Andrzej Grabiński, Bartłomiej Grabiński d. 1787; his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744; Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died ca 1807; Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlińska bought in 1786. Antoni PSARSKI who was the son of Tomasz, and Łucja Czekulin had daughter KONSTANCJA Psarska (b. ca 1819 - died after 1840). Above Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son Antoni Psarski born in 1770. Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madaliński 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809];
and
3.
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena who was born in 1762 and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828 [the family of the author].

4. And remember about
Jan Marcin BOGDAŃSKI died in 1809, married in ca 1764 to Marianna Ostoja Kiedrzyńska d. 1785, daughter of above named Andrzej Kiedrzynski and his wife Franciszka Jackowska,
with children:
Marianna 1768-1848 m. in 1784, Piotr Franciszek Tomasz Kiedrowski;
Petronela m. Roch Ruszkowski;
Florian d. 1851 - owner of Jankow / Jankowo.

Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis). He was son of Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.

Above Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki, had children:
a) Kunegunda b. ca 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784;
b) Sebastian Fabian MADALINSKI.

Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774 had brother Jakub Hiacynt MADALINSKI born 1775, m. Honorata Psarska died ca 1820, with daughter Anna b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Józef Julian Walewski son of Andrzej owner of Wola Balucka, 2nd time married to Jan Kanty Psarski, landowner of Wielgie.

Above Dorota KIEDRZYNSKA was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski; 2nd voto Tomasz Psarski owner of Wola Dzierlinska, 3rd married to above Kajetan MADALINSKI.

Tomasz Psarski married 2nd to Franciszka Rupniewska - she died 1826, daughter of Dominik and Eleonora Szolowska; children of Tomasz PSARSKI:
a) Cyprian d. 1816, lived in Wólka Dzierlinska, owner of this estate in 1804;
b) Anna d. 1824, m. Ignacy Keszycki lived in Zalesie, 2nd time she married to Jan Korwin Kossakowski lieutenant of the French Guard;
c) Marianna born 1819, owner of Wola Dzierlinska, married Mikolaj Sulimierski son of Michal and Jadwiga Jaroszewska;
d) Antoni Psarski [see below] owner of Gawlowice m. Franciszka Stanislawska,
with children:
1. Tekla 1799-1801, 2. Tekla 2nd, b. 1803, d. 1806 in Wierzchy; 3. Józef Rafal Psarski b. 1800 in Osmolin.

Above [?] Antoni PSARSKI and Łucja Czekulin had daughter KONSTANCJA Psarska (b. ca 1819 - died after 1840).

Above Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 - died after 1770 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son Antoni Psarski born in 1770.

Interesting note:

Al Capone's right hand was Abram "Alex" Sycowski. Even describes as "the second after Capone". His real name was Alexei Sycowski, he came from a Jewish family living in Wielgomlyny, approx. 25 km from Radomsko; was born around 1894. In 1900 went to Hamburg, and from there to the United States. According to other sources Alexei Sycowski came to the United States together with his family. He was a manager at one of the commercial enterprises in Chicago. Soon after Kid Tiger (his nickname) became the treasurer of the gang and the main manager of smuggling alcohol. Al Capone showed the authorities that high income reaches through the activity belonging to him laundries.

Siegfried Mendel Wolinski b. February 2, 1903 in mentioned above Wielgomlyny - 12 km south-west of Przedborz, Radomsko County, Lódz Voivodeship, Poland - east of Kobiele Wielkie and south-east of DMENIN; died 1936 in Tunisia. Husband of Lola Sarah Bembaron. Father of Georges Wolinski and Ella Wolinski. Georges Wolinski (b.Tunis) was the son of Siegfried Mendel WOLINSKI of Wielgomlyny, Poland.

Wielgomlyny:
in 1717 the Kampanowski family built chapels dedicated St Anna; in 1726 the Moszynski family founded a second chapel on the south side.

Mentioned above
Kiedrzynska Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska, with the Poraj coat of arms, was the daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Pstrokonski and Agnieszka Nieniewska.
Wiktoria was the wife of Marcin Kiedrzynski.
Her son - named above Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son was Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760.
His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski who married Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was mentioned above Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700 - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska;
his brothers:
Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?;
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski ? - 1774 [married Marjanna nee Zamoyska];
Pawel Kiedrzynski [see below];
Józef Kiedrzynski;
sister Bona who lived in Karsy nee Kiedrzynska [married Kajetan Lipnicki, son of Gabriel Lipnicki and Marianna Bojanowska]
- the village Karsy, the Lódz Voivodeship at present, close to Kobiele, 14 km south-east of Radomsko and south of Kodrab, north- east of Czestochowa.

Named above Wiktoria Pstrokonska acc. to DWORZACZEK:

in 1771 Kajetan Lipnicki, son of Gabriel LIPNICKI and Marianna Bojanowska, and above named Bona Kiedrzynska, daughter of Marcin and Wiktoria Pstrokonska.

In 1775 above Florian / Florjan Kiedrzynski a clark in KALISZ,
and his relatives:
above Pawel Kiedrzynski [heirs], son of named Marcin with Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska;
with above named Stanislaw Kiedrzynski, the writer of the customs chamber in WSCHOWA [see Sulkowski];
and his brother Józef Kiedrzynski - heirs;

in 1773 in Sieradz, sums up Marjanna nee Zamoyska, the widow after that Stanislaw Kiedrzynski, and Józef Kiedrzynski chalk up of above Marianna Kiedrzynska nee Zamoyska.

In [or before 1788] 1788 named Bona Kiedrzynska, daughter of above Marcin and Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska, married Kajetan Lipnicki, son of Gabriel Lipnicki and Marianna Bojanowska.

In 1780, a successors of Maciej [? - Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski, 1738 - d. ?] and his wife Konstancja Zaremba,
with:
Jan Kanty Kiedrzynski; Franciszek Ksawery; and named Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska, wife of Marcin Kiedrzynski.

Mentioned Jan Kanty Kiedrzynski was the son of Franciszek Kiedrzynski and Agnieszka Nieniewska.

In the Dobrzec parish:

in 1806, in Rypinek:
[Rypinek - left-bank district of Kalisz, located southeast of downtown]
on 19 March 1806 and 18 May, it was the ceremony of baptism of the child of noble Wojciech Pstrokonski and Anna Walczewski, named son-baby given the names Juliusz Cyryl Jan Nepomucen / Julius Cyril John Nepomuk.
Godparents: Mr. Jan Gorczyczewski abbot of Sulejowek, the Archdeacon of Kalisz; and Lady Victoria Pstrokońska, grandmother of the child.

In ZDUNSKA WOLA, in 1785, the 17th January,
baptism of Agnieszka Marianna Tekla daughter of Mlynarczyk Simon and Helena Dudzianka, with Godparents:
Katarzyna nee Madalinska, married Gorczycka of Sieradz, and Jozef / Joseph Madaliński, of Wieluń.

In Zdunska Wola in 1785,
baptism of Felix, son of Andrew and Catherine Maslowski, of Owrucz, with Godparents:
Mr. Józef Pstrokonski / Joseph Pstrokoński, and Ms. Aniela Dobek, of Sieradz, as well as Mr. Zygmunt Dobek of Sieradz, and Victoria Pstrokońska, also Honourable Wojciech Pstrokoński with Miss Agnieszka Jablkowska.

In Swiedzieniewice on 8 November, 1785,
baptized a child born on October 25, of Andrew Gorczycki and Catherine nee Madalinski, the burgraves of Sieradz;
the daughter-baby has name: Teresa Carolina Gorczycki; Godparents were
Mr. Jan Krakowski treasurer of Sieradz from Janiszewice, and
Mrs. Róza nee Rzepecki, married SULIMIERSKA / Szulmierska, of Piotrkow.

Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior, b. ca 1675, had brothers or cousins:
Marcin b. ca 1670 / 1680,
Mikolaj 2nd Kiedrzynski b. ca ? - inf. 1704,
and the last
Andrzej Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 in the Kalisz province.
And Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, son of Zofia Lubienska 1640 - 1692, daughter of Wojciech Lubienski d. 1653, and Teofila Górska, d. 1668; he was living in Galonki. Elzbieta Myszkowska m. before 1692 to Adam Kiedrzynski.
Elżbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1675, d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzyński b. ca 1660 / 1670, but in 1724 Eleonora Rozdrażewska was widow after death of Adam Kiedrzyński; Eleonora was then wife of Jan Reło.
We have different data:
Adam-Stefan Kiedrzynski was husband of Eleonora Rozdrazewska b. ca 1683, with son Mikolaj - inf. 1740. Eleonora Rozdrazewska was 1 voto m. to Adam Kiedrzynski, but 2 voto Stanislaw Ryt; inf. of 1739 about her brother.

Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 was brother (?) of above Adam; inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.

Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior b. ca 1675, owner of Dymki, close to Lututow since 1698, 1709 inf. in Wielun, was son of Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 1st, b. ca 1650 - inf. 1704 in the Sieradz province.

Brothers of Marcin Kiedrzynski
(Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1735, come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. ca 1675 - owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county):

1. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski the 3rd, b. ca 1735, in 1775 court with Anna [JULIANNA] about Kurow (see Walewski; close to Wola Pszczolecka; see Malkiewicz!) close to Wielun; in 1786 and 1788 in Kalisz.
The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz who helped to this family.
Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786.
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family. Above Józef MADALINSKI, Captain in 1809 m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

2. Jan Kiedrzynski b. ?
(others with the first name Jan: Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 and Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province),

3.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (senior) - b. ca 1720 / 1730, owner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko [see Izydor Kiedrzynski and his son - Gabriel / Gabryel Kiedrzynski].

4.
Ignacy Kiędrzyński / Ignacy Kiedrzyński
[b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of named above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730. Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:

In 1764 in Wielgomłyny, Ignacy Kiedrzyński of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zabłocka 1 voto Święcicka (widow, a woman who has lost her husband by death).

Cousins of above named Marcin Kiedrzynski:

1. Kasper or Kacper Kiedrzynski, with wife Maryanna Arcichowska. Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin

(next of kin to owners of Wola Pszczolecka; see Ludwik Walewski and his son:
Wojciech Walewski 1715-1757, m. 1750 [1740 ?] to Teresa Łaszewska b. 1720, with children:
a. Rozalia Walewska b. 1750 [1740 ?] m. Jakub Madaliński;
b. Ludwik 1754-1820 m. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1760 with sons
1. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 m. Maria Radolińska with children: Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, and Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857;
2. Napoleon Izydor Rościsław Walewski 1802-1835 m. to Natalia Marianna Kręska 1804-1832, with children: Ludwik Mieczysław Walewski b. 1830, Wanda Walewska b. 1832),

the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski.
She was daughter of Joachim Kreski b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, and she had mother Justyna Magnuska b. 1749 and died 1817 in Grebanin.

Andrzej Kiedrzyński (junior) was born ca 1765 / 1770 ?, son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish. Kasper or Kacper Kiedrzynski born 1740 / 1750 ?, married to Maryanna Arcichowska.

2. Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska, m. Adam Rogujski owner of Wola Murowana, 9 km south of Opoczno - inf. in 1781 and 1782.

3. Michal Kiedrzynski b. after 1745, owner of Kamyk close to Klobuck and Wilkowiecko - in the Cracow province, west of Kiedrzyn, east of the Polish border and Prussia - inf. 1783 - 1788; in 1781, Colonel Chodakowski bought the estate Wilkowiecko - 14 km north-west of Kamyk of the Kiedrzynskis, and 9 km north-west of Klobuck - then to the Psarskis.

Kamyk, close to Klobuck (26 km to the Austrian border and 12 km north-west of Czestochowa), was the Kiedrzynski property since 1672 from the Bielski brothers, owned by Franciszek Kiedrzynski - inf. 1669 in the Wielun county; born ca 1625; Franciszek Kiedrzynski was the brother of Ignacy, Jan, and Stanislaw Kiedrzynski - inf. 1669 of the Wielun county;
Franciszek was son of Piotr Kiedrzynsky b. ca 1595 - inf. of 1621 on the Wielun county. Piotr was the branch of Jan Kiedrzynski vel Kierzynski, with the Ostoja coat of arms, b. ca 1565, inf. of 1590 in Kolo, about Jan - writer of Ostrzeszow, again inf. of 1606 in Wielun

(a lands around Czestochowa at the time of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth belonged to the Cracow province, county Lelow; after the Second Partition belonged to Prussia (1793-1807) and Czestochowa, as the capital of the county, was included to the province of South Prussia in the department of Kalisz; then in the department of Lęczyca; as a result of administrative changes made in 1793 - 1795 in the Kingdom of Prussia, the district of Czestochowa was assigned to the department of Piotrkow. In the period of the Duchy of Warsaw (1807-1815) the Częstochowa County belonged then to the Department of Kalisz but the area of the Lelow county was located in the area of the department of Krakow. In the Polish Kingdom the area was a part of the provinces of Kalisz and Cracow: Olkusz and Lelow).

4. Wojciech Kiedrzynski born 1745 in Kiedrzyn, killed by Russians in Krzepice on 05 November 1768; he was living in the Sieradz province. Krzepice - Czestochowa i Klobuck were the centre of the Bar Confederation in 1768.
At http://www.gmitruk.pl/ by Stanisław Gmitruk:
in 1544 King Sigismund the Old allowed Felix Błeszczyński to buy Kiedrzyn at the hands of Susan, the widow of Nicholas, and their children: Martin, Peter, Simon, Sebastian, Elizabeth, Barbara and Sophia. In 1547 the royal writer Gabriel Zborowski, with the permission of the king bought Kiedrzyn at the hands of the brothers Martin, Peter, Sebastian and Simon Kiedrzyński / Marcin, Piotr, Sebastian, and Szymon Kiedrzynski, and then get the right to life of its ownership. We have inf. of 1580 on the Kiedrzyn estate - the Kiedrzynskis had lost Kiedrzyn; again inf. 1745 to the Kiedrzynskis.
In 1549 - 1551 Marcin and Piotr Kiedrzyński owned Kiedrzyn and Wola Wierzchowska / now as Wola Kiedrzyńska;
court against Wojciech, Provincial of Czestochowa and the monks of the Jasna Gora; Kiedrzyn was often the object of pledge, shared the fate of the villages close to Częstochowa during the "Swedish Deluge" and then during the Great Northern War and the Bar Confederation in 1768. After 1717 it was in the neighborhood of the monastery, called the New Czestochowa.
1815 the Kiedrzynski family had lost the assets again.

5. Antoni Aleksy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1740, owner of Kamyk, Kiedrzyn - inf. 1745, Lechow(o), Kuznica Kiedrzynska, Wola Kiedrzynska north of Czestochowa, officer in Latyczow, the Ostoja coat of arms, he lost assets.
Kiedrzynski taken out loans in the Royal Prussian Bank in Berlin. His land estate was in debt (the Kiedrzyn property). This was in the years 1793 - 1806. In 1815 the Government of the Polish Kingdom took over debts owed by the Kiedrzyn property and took over the management of this lands in Kiedrzyn (in the jurisdiction of the State).

The Kiedrzyn estate was situated in the Lelow county, the Cracow province, south-east of Kamyk of the Kiedrzynskis, north of Czestochowa, east of Liswarta river - the border of Poland and Prussia.

Below is a short description about RETTINGER, on the family Zamoyski [see above named Marjanna Zamoyski / Marianna Zamoyska], and Hutten-Czapski (see more at my webpages) from the province of Minsk in Belarus:
Michał Zdzisław Zamoyski (1679 - 1735) was the 6th Ordynat of Zamość estate. His children inter alia:
Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski,
above mentioned Jan Jakub Zamoyski
(b. 1716, died in 1790, IX Ordynat; Ludwika Maria Poniatowska born 1728, in 1745 married Jan Jakub Zamoyski, with daughter Urszula Zamoyska. Ludwika Maria Poniatowska died in 1781, was daughter of Stanisław Poniatowski and sister of the King of Poland - Stanisław August Poniatowski; mentioned above her daughter Urszula Zamoyska (1750-1806), was best known as Ursula Mniszech; the second daughter was Brygida / Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Gałecka - see below about Radolinski, Fiszer, Wola Pszczolecka, Kosciuszko; see at my webpages on Venture, Sulkowski, Murat, Paszkowski, Szaniawski, Armand),
and Andrzej Hieronim Zamoyski (see below).

Count Wladislaw Zamoyski 1853-1924, was closest friend of Jozef Rettinger / Retinger who was born in Cracow, in Austria-Hungary (see more at my webpages) - his father, Józef Stanisław Retinger, was the personal legal counsel and adviser to Count Władysław Zamoyski.
Acc. to Wikipedia: when Retinger's father died, Count Zamoyski took Józef into his household. Financed by Count Zamoyski, Retinger entered the Sorbonne in 1906, and two years later became the youngest person to earn a Ph.D. there at age twenty. He moved to England in 1911, where his closest friend was Polish writer Joseph Conrad. See the European Union (EU) and its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community.

Father of above Count Władysław Zamoyski was Count Władysław Stanisław Zamoyski (1803 - 1868) - politician, and general. He served as aide-de-camp to Grand Duke Constantine, commander-in-chief of the army and de facto viceroy of Congress Poland. Working with Adam Jerzy Czartoryski he became one of the main activists in the Hotel Lambert group. He emigrated to England; 1848 - 1849 he organized Polish units in Italy, serving with the Sardinian Army to fight against the Austrians (see about the Carbonari movement at my domain).

His father was Count Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski b. 1775, politician; 1809 he became the chairman of the Provisional Government of Galicia. He was Senator 1810 until 1831.

His father was Count Andrzej Hieronim Franciszek Zamoyski 1716 / 1717 - 1792, 1764 until 1767 Great Crown Chancellor.

His father was Michał Zdzisław Zamoyski [see above and the Kiedrzynski family].


And more about the MECINSKI family:

FRANCISZEK Walewski b. ca 1710 or before this year, died 1745 in RUSIEC, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, m. Cecylia Dambska, daughter of Teresa nee Mecinska, 2nd to Frankenberg, 3rd to Teodora Ludwika Walewska, daughter of Zofia nee Radolinska;
with children:
Stefan Walewski 1744-1803, owner of Rusiec;
Tomasz m. Konstancja / Anna Jordan;
Franciszek Ksawery Walewski 1739-96, owner of Wola Wiazowa;
Aleksander Walewski older, b. January 1719, died 1779 + (ca 1746) Elzbieta Mecinska born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] daughter of
Wojciech MECINSKI of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, who m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA. Wojciech was the son of Michal MECINSKI / Michala Mikolaj Mecinski and Felicjana Rucka 1670 - 1714 or she died after this year [Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children]!
Elzbieta was sister of Myszkowska Anna nee Mecinska, d. after 1774, who married to Adam Myszkowski of WIELUN; Anna Mecinska b. ca 1710 was great-granddaughter of Konstanty Tomicki and Agnieszka Myszkowska;
above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski b. ca 1670 - died after 1739 [or Michal was the officer in Wieluń, was living 1660-1725], clerk in Wielun, owner of Dzialoszyn, was the son of Stefan Mecinski 1640 - 1706, and Bronikowska;
and grandson of Jan Mecinski 1610 - 1664, who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel!
Below children of widowed [Franciszek died in 1745 in Rusiec ! because Franciszek in 1743 sold Wieruszow to his son Aleksander] Felicja ? Frankenberg-Walewska, and Teodora Ludwika Walewska, daughter of Zofia nee Radolinska:
Salomea 1754-1814, m. 1775 to Józef Kielczewski 1750-1812 owner of Kozminka;
Felicjanna m. Ignacy Trzebinski;
Michal Hieronim 1749-1799 m. Salomea Psarska, daughter of Sebastian and Teresa Niemojowski;
Benedykt Ignacy b. 1748 in Jedlno;
Kazimierz Tomasz b. 1753 in Jedlno;
Felicja Nimfa b. 1755 in Jedlno;
Jan Nepomucen Filip Bernard b. 1757 in Jedlno;
Urszula Tekla b. 1758, Jedlno;
Konstanty Adam b. 1760, Jedlno;
Piotr Feliks b. 1761 in Jedlno;
Tekla Felicja Lucyna b. 1763, Jedlno.

Elzbieta nee MECINSKA had children:
mentioned above Józef Kalasanty WALEWSKI clerk in Sieradz, 1747-1792, m. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. ca 1750;
Michal 1749-1799 m. Salomea Psarska b. 1761;
Salomea nee Walewska 1754-1814 m. Józef Kielczewski.

Above named Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children:
Jan Mecinski;
Wojciech Mecinski 1698 - 1771 [Wojciech Mecinski was MP];
above Anna Mecinska;
Franciszek Mecinski;
Pelagia Mecinska;
Marianna Mecinska d. 1763.

Below new data on the Mecinski family in Jedlno!


Działoszyn
- completely destroyed during the Swedish War in 1655; during the partitions under Prussian rule; since 1809 in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw. Heirs of Działoszyn were the Męcińskis since the end of the seventeenth century, and in the second half of the 18th century the owner was Wojciech Męciński, Castellan; after him widowed wife Anna nee Głogowska; at the turn 18 and 19th cent. - Stanislaw Męciński, with his wife Rozalia Kurdwanowska, he was the friend of King Stanislaw Leszczynski; Stanisława Męciński rebuilt and decorated palace [see below].
After Męciński family these land passed into the possession of Myszkowski.

The genealogical data to MECINSKI of Dzialoszyn and JEDLNO:

The branch come from Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel, with 3 sons:
Wojciech,
Pawel - Colonel,
Stefan who m. Bronikowska, with son
Michal Mikolaj Mecinski / Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA / Rudzka.

STEFAN senior had 2 sons:
Michal, and Stefan junior.

Michal was the officer in Wieluń, was living 1660-1725 [Michal was the son of Stefan Mecinski who m. Bronikowska].
Michal Mikolaj Mecinski, of Wschowa in 1715, Colonel, judge - 1724, a life companion of Friedrich August in 1706, that is of August II the Strong, August II der Starke b. 1670 in Dresden, Polish king 1697 - 1706 and 1709 - 1733, elector of Saxony 1694 to 1733 as Frederick Augustus I of Saxony / Friedrich August I;
Augustus II the Strong relinquished the crown to Stanislaw Leszczynski in September 1706. In October 1706 army of Augustus II defeated the Swedes in the Battle of Kalisz. August II the Strong in 1709 returned to Poland.

Named above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski owner of Dzialoszyn, married Felicjanna Rudzka - daughter of Lukasz Rudzki, and Marianna Rzeczycka - with daughters:
Marianna and Anna.
Marianna Mecinska b. ca 1700 ? / 1710 !, m. Wojciech Mecinski (1691 - 1754 in Czestochowa) older, officer in Radom, MP in 1736, Wielun in 1712, Ostrzeszów in 1717,
owner of Choruny, Domanowice, Ryczów, Kielczowice, Karlin, Bogdanów, Krezna, Wulka, Bobolice, Zaleze, Niegowonice, Mzurów, Mstyczów, Rodaków, Nowa Wies, Zimnowoda, Ogrodzieniec, Kleszczów, Wola Krzysztoporska;
WOJCIECH older was the son of Kazimierz Jan Józef Mecinski (1660 - 1703), of Radom, and Barbara Teofila Warszycka.

Wojciech Mecinski (1760 - 1839 in Cracow) younger, General of the Duchy of Warsaw, member of parliament and Senator of the Polish Kingdom. Wojciech Męciński younger in 1806 was appointed by the gen. Jan Henryk Dabrowski to the organizer and commander of the common uprising in the department of Kalisz [see Sulkowski, Mielzynski, Paszkowski and Fiszer]. There he formed a regiment / Lancers, and served under gen. Joseph Zajączek; he actively defend members of the Patriotic Society. November uprising in 1831.
Wojciech Mecinski (1760 - 1839 in Cracow), younger, owner of ZARKI, was a member of the Masonic lodge in 1813.
The son of Adam Albert Mecinski + Aniela Stadnicka. His parents:

Wojciech Mecinski of Radom, 1691-1752 / 1754 older

[his grandfather was Wojciech Kazimierz Mecinski of Wielun, 1630-1670 or Kazimierz Jan Józef Mecinski (1660 - 1703), of Radom, and Barbara Teofila Warszycka]

and above Marianna Mecinska b. 1700 / 1710.

Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA / Rudzka also had 2 sons:

a. Jan of Wielun, General, friend of AUGUST III;

b. second son was Wojciech of Wielun and Radomsko [Wojciech Męciński, 1698-1771], owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA [Anna Głogowska b. 1700]
with son Stanislaw

[Stanisław Męciński, 1732-1799 in Lublin, was landowner of Dzialoszyn, Ossym, Barwinek, Tylawa, officer in Wielun, MP 5 times, co-operated with August CZARTORYSKI,
m. Rozalia Kurdwanowska of Baranow with 3 sons and daughters
{TEKLA m. Aleksander Giedrojc of Lithuania.
Anna Mecinska b. 1775 daughter of Stanislaw b. 1732, owner of Dzialoszyn and Trebaczów, officer in Wielun 1759}:
Jozef,
Nepomucen,
Wincenty {see below}. Named Jozef Mecinski, lieutenant],

and with daughters [of mother ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA-MECINSKA]:

1. Anna + Adam Myszkowski of Wielun
[Anna was the 2nd wife of Adam Myszkowski 1705 - d. after 1778, MP in 1738, stayed in Kielczyglów; Anna Mecinska b. ca 1710 - died after 1774, great-granddaughter of Konstanty Tomicki and Agnieszka Myszkowska];

2. ELZBIETA b. ca 1720, owner of Jedlno + Aleksander WALEWSKI.

Jan Paszkowski, born in 1742 + Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków); Anna Niemojewska was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872, acc. to my search, her mother was Ludwika nee Walewska 1775-1863 and her grandfather was Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792 + Paulina Pulina Radolinska, and great-grandfather was Aleksander Walewski m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno.

This Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska had son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (ca 1743 / 1747 - 1792) - they all were owners of Jedlno [see IZYDOR + HELENA KIEDRZYNSKI]. Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski.

Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno.

Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ? had grandchildren: Józef Kalasanty Walewski {see - Izydor Kiedrzynski and Helena} and Wincenty Walewski b. 1785, who had son Konrad Walewski, b. 1813 in Jedlno, d. 1896 Cracow who married to Ludwika Potocka b. 1814 / 1815 with 2 children.
SEE:
Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716), of Rozprza (1702-1716), married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu. He had daughter and two sons:
a. Justyna,
b. Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ca 1675 / 1690 ? [FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin] who had son - mentioned above Aleksander Walewski b. ca 1710 + Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno, b. ca 1720
(FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 ! or 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, married 3rd in 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska b. ca 1710, daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723
{Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708 and Marianna Sarnowska. The grandfather of above Zofia was Andrzej Radolinski older, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA; the father was: Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1670; his brother was Wojciech Radolinski.
Zofia RADOLINSKA, 1677 - 1723, had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski.
Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 m. in 1755 to Malgorzata Lubienska 1733-1784; he was the son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska! MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and his wife - above named Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708 and Marianna SARNOWSKA}).

Wincenty Męciński {see above !} was the landowner of Jasieniec, Stropki, Tylawa, Zyndranow, Moniatycze, Nowosiółki, Barwinek, born 1779, d. 1849, was the son of mentioned above Stanisław Męciński 1732-1799,
and the grandson of Wojciech Męciński, 1698-1771

[daughter of named above Wojciech was
Elżbieta Męcińska b. 1720 ? and married to Aleksander Walewski of Piotrków (1778), of Rozprza (1748), and of Kraków, with sons: Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792, and Michał Walewski 1749-1799, and daughter Salomea Walewska 1754-1814]

and above named Anna Głogowska b. ca 1700;
the great-grandson of Michal Mecinski who m. RUCKA / Rudzka.

Michal Mikolaj Mecinski of Wschowa b. ca 1660, d. 1725, married Felicjanna Rudzka, with his son Wojciech of Wielun, 1698-1771 m. Anna Glogowska.

Above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski of Wschowa b. ca 1660 / 1670, d. 1725 / after 1739, married Felicjanna Rudzka b. ca 1670; he was the son of Stefan Mecinski (1645 - 1706), Colonel, and Elzbieta Bronikowska b. ca 1650.

Above STEFAN senior had 2 sons: Michal, Stefan junior.

Named above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski owner of Dzialoszyn, m. Felicjanna Rudzka daughter of Lukasz Rudzki, and Marianna Rzeczycka; they had children:
Marianna and Anna.

Marianna Mecinska b. ca 1700 ? / 1710 !, m. Wojciech Mecinski (1691 - 1754 in Czestochowa), officer in Radom, MP in 1736, Wielun in 1712, Ostrzeszów in 1717, owner of Choruny, Domanowice, Ryczów, Kielczowice, Karlin, Bogdanów, Krezna, Wulka, Bobolice, Zaleze, Niegowonice, Mzurów, Mstyczów, Rodaków, Nowa Wies, Zimnowoda, Ogrodzieniec, Kleszczów, Wola Krzysztoporska; WOJCIECH was the son of Kazimierz Jan Józef Mecinski (1660 - 1703), of Radom, and Barbara Teofila Warszycka.
WOJCIECH's children:
Felicjan Mecinski b. 1739 in Zarki; Adam Jakub Mecinski b. 1740, Ewa Salomea Mecinska; Walenty Adalbert Mecinski (1744 Zarki - 1790); Józef Pawel Mecinski; Marianna Ewa Mecinska; Stanislaw Mecinski.

Closest friends of above MECINSKI:

Adam Myszkowski [b. ca 1705 - d. after 1778, in Lowicz] who was the witness in 1719 in Wielun, officer in Wielun 1737 - 38, in Ostrzeszow in 1738 - 44, 1744 - 65, in Wielun 1765 - 1777, in Sieradz in 1745, MP in 1738, stayed in Kielczyglów, close to Rzasnia (1741 - 1755); m. Anna Mecinska with: Mateusz / Mathias, Kazimierz, Filip, Genowefa, Augustyn, Urszula, Joanna;

above Mathias Kazimierz Myszkowski b. 1741, Kielczyglów [the Godfather: Kazimierz Ostrowski, the Godmother Ludwika Karsnicka];

above FILIP Jakub Stanislaw Myszkowski b. 1744, Kielczyglów [the Godfather: Konstanty Karsnicki, owner of Horzów; the Godmother miss Elzbieta Mecinska b. ca 1720 ?, of Dzialoszyn];

above Genowefa Katarzyna Myszkowska b. 1745 - Kielczyglów [the Godfather: mentioned Aleksander Walewski, and Anna Myszkowska];

above Urszula Józefina Kalasantyna Myszkowska b. 1749 - Kielczyglów, with the Godfather Wojciech Mecinski, of Wielun with wife ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA b. 1700.

Above Myszkowska Anna nee Mecinska b. 1774, daughter of Michal Mikolaj Mecinski, of Wielun, and Felicjanna Rucka; married Adam Myszkowski;
above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski b. ca 1670 - d. after 1739, of Wielun, owner of Dzialoszyn,
was the son of Stefan Mecinski b. ca 1640 - d. 1706 [and Elzbieta Bronikowska],
who was the son of Jan b. ca 1610 - d. 1664, and Izabela nee Tomicka [see below].

Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel, with 3 sons:
Wojciech, Pawel - Colonel, Stefan who m. Bronikowska, with son
Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA / Rudzka, with 2 sons:
a. Jan of Wielun, General, friend of AUGUST III;
b. second son was Wojciech of Wielun and Radomsko [Wojciech Męciński, 1698-1771], owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA [Anna Głogowska b. 1700] with son
Stanislaw.

Wojciech Mecinski (1760 - 1839 in Cracow), General of the Duchy of Warsaw, member of parliament and Senator of the Polish Kingdom, awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Military Virtue; Wojciech Męciński in 1806 was appointed by the gen. Jan Henryk Dabrowski to the organizer and commander of the common uprising in the department of Kalisz. There he formed a regiment / Lancers, and served under gen. Joseph Zajączek; he actively defend members of the Patriotic Society. November uprising in 1831. His branch come from Wojciech Mecinski senior who married to Barbara Kobylanska; she was the owner of Dzialoszyn and Parzymiechy, with daugter Anna m. Zbarawska-Siennicka. Wojciech Mecinski (1760 - 1839 in Cracow), owner of ZARKI, was a member of the Masonic lodge in 1813. His father was Adam Albert Mecinski + Aniela Stadnicka.

Wojciech Mecinski (1760 - 1839 in Cracow) married Helena Stadnicka owner of Dukla, with 5 children: Wanda, Cezar, Antonina, Cecylia and Wincenty.

Above Adam Albert Wojciech Męciński, Count, MP in 1787, owner of Chorun, Bobolice, Niegowa, Mzurow, Lgota, Zarki, Gorzkow, Naglowice, Lyskornia, Slecin, Chelm, Granica, Ogorzelniki, Tomaszowice, Zdow, Trzebniow, Przybynow, Postaszowice, Zaborze, Zawady, Jaroszow, MP in 1768, officer in Ostrzeszow in 1767, born 1740, d. 1796. His parents:
Wojciech Mecinski of Radom, 1691-1752 [his grandfather was Wojciech Kazimierz Mecinski of Wielun, 1630-1670] and Marianna Mecinska b. 1700.

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski m. Aniela Stadnicka with
1. Ewa Lanckoronska (born Mecinska) born in 1789 / 1790, to Aniela Mecinska (born Stadnicka). Ewa married Antoni Lanckoronski, born in 1777 [see SZYMANOWSKI and BRZEZINSKI],
with 6 children: Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Radolinska (born Lanckoronska), Julianna Nepomucena Fryderyka Rejswicz (born Lanckoronska) and 4 other children;

2. Magdalena Miaczynska (born Mecinska),

3. Anna Magdalena Teresa Miaczynska (born Mecinska),

4. Franciszka Bobrowska, Szafraniec - Bystrzanowska, born Mecinska in 1775, to Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski and Aniela Mecinska (born Stadnicka). She m. Franciszek Ksawery Szafraniec - Bystrzanowski in 1809; Franciszek was born in 1767. Franciszka married Joachim Bobrowski in 1810, with one daughter: Aleksandra Klara Stadnicka (born Bobrowska).

5. Jan Nepomucen Mecinski.

6. Wojciech Mecinski (1760 - 1839 in Cracow).

A branch from Jan Mecinski who married Felicyanna Glogowska with 2 sons: Stanislaw and Wojciech 2nd, monk.

From Krzysztof Mecinski no children.

From Andrzej Mecinski of Wielun, and of Brzeznica!, owner of Dzialoszyn, and Kobylanka, inf. 1591; with 3 sons:
Jan;
Maciej of Wielun inf. 1627 m. Katarzyna Pazionka, with 5 sons:
Jan, Andrzej, Krzysztof, and
Wojciech of Wielun who married to TERESA PRZYLECKA, with 2 sons:
1. Jan Mecinski of Wielun + ANNA SZCZAWINSKA of Inowroclaw,
2. Kazimierz Mecinski of Wielun + BARBARA WARSZYCKA,
with 2 sons:
1. Jozef and
2. WOJCIECH born 20 March 1689, officer in Ostrzeszow, owner of Zarki, Ogrodzieniec, Skrzydlow, married to Mecinska
[? = Wojciech Mecinski of Radom, 1691-1752 / 1754 older who was the son of Wojciech Kazimierz Mecinski of Wielun, 1630-1670 or son of Kazimierz Jan Józef Mecinski (1660 - 1703), of Radom, and named above Barbara Teofila Warszycka. Wojciech Mecinski married Marianna Mecinska b. 1700 / 1710] with 2 sons:
1. Adam and
2. Walenty and daughter
3. EWA.

Above Adam was MP + Aniela Stadnicka of Ostrzeszow with 4 sons and 8 daughters:
oldest daughter married to AUGUST MIACZYNSKI of KRZEPICE, but no children.
Above named Wojciech's son - WALENTY MECINSKI was General adjutant, m. ZUZANNA SIEMINSKA, no children.
Above EWA m. Mikolaj Malachowski of Sieradz with 2 sons.

The branch from Jan Mecinski of Sieradz, inf. 1667, m. Anna OLSZEWSKA.

The branch from Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel, with 3 sons: Wojciech, Pawel - Colonel, Stefan - m. Bronikowska,
with son Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA, with 2 sons:
1. Jan of Wielun, General, friend of AUGUST III;
2. second son was Wojciech of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA with son Stanislaw [Stanislaw Mecinski was land-owner of Dzialoszyn, Ossym, Barwinek, Tylawa, officer in Wielun, MP 5 times, close to August CZARTORYSKI, m. Rozalia Kurdwanowska of Baranow with 3 sons and daughters {TEKLA m. Aleksander Giedrojc of Lithuania}: Jozef, Nepomucen, Wincenty. Named Jozef Mecinski, lieutenant]. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA had daughters:
Anna + Adam Myszkowski of Wielun, and ELZBIETA + Aleksander WALEWSKI.


Note to the Bleszynski family:

BLESZYNSKI TOMASZ JAN b. 1710 in Tubadzin, died 1806, clerk in Sieradz in 1761, landowner of Zelislaw, Wójcice, Janowice, Sarny, Zaborow, married Konstancja Gryf Otwinowska / Otffinowska, daughter of Józef clerk in Sieradz, and Petronela Debinska, with sons:
1. Piotr Lukasz BLESZYNSKI born 1750 in Zelislaw near Blaszki, d. ca 1813, owner of Krzeslow near Pszczolki and Wola Pszczolecka; and owner of Kurow close to above Krzeslow and near Pszczolki / Walewice / Zelow! Clerk in Sieradz, m. Honorata Poninska died ca 1812, daughter of Michal Poninski and Marianna Krzucka; with:
a) Antonina m. ca 1807, to Aleksander Otocki d. 1825, owner of Zalew and Legendzin; Legendzin - close to Lutomiersk; Zalew - close to Lutomiersk.
b) Klemens d. ca 1829, from Zelislaw; Zelislaw - close to Blaszki;
c) Julianna b. 1782, m. in 1818 in Lobudzice, to Stanislaw Lykowski; Lobudzice - 3 km south-east of Zelow, close to Bujny;
d) Józefa m. in 1820 in Lobudzice, to Kazimierz Swiejkowski clerk in Lutomiersk, d. 1831;
e) Michalina, b. ca 1795, m. Antoni Bleszynski son of Bonawentura and Salomea Pagowska;
f) Karol Boromeusz b. 1780 in Parzymiechy, d. 1839, owner of Bujny - east of Zelow; and Wierzchlas; m. in 1822 in Lobudzice, to Joanna Lozinska b. ca 1800, d. in 1867 - Zelislaw. Parzymiechy - 9 km north of Krzepice - see Kiedrzynski. Wierzchlas - 9 km south-east of Wielun.
2. Kazimierz owner of Zelislaw, b. 1752 ?
3. Michal BLESZYNSKI - inf. 1792, born ca 1755 ?
4. Ignacy Kajetan BLESZYNSKI 1763 - 1821 in Zelislaw, bought Grodzice and Lagiewniki (near Godynice and Zelow) in 1773, m. Apolonia Grodzicka of Kalisz, daughter of Kajetan owner of Godynice, and Konstancja Lubienska. Zelislaw - 3 km south-east of Blaszki. Grodzice - ? Godynice - close to Lagiewniki, north-west of Zloczew. With children:
A. Alojzyna b. 1806.
B. Zofia 1808 - 1821.
C. Marianna b. 1804, m. in 1832 in Blaszki, to Honoriusz Biernacki 1805-48, owner of Suliszewice, son of Gabriel owner of Lututow; Lututow - 23 km north-west of Wielun and 4 km west of Dymki of Kiedrzynski! Suliszewice - 6 km north-west of Blaszki.
D. Erazm b. ca 1796, d. 1831 in Kowno.
E. Abdon Ignacy Tadeusz b. in 1797 in Brzeznio, d. 1879, owner of Zelislaw; Zelislaw - 3 km south-east of Blaszki, and north-west of Sieradz. Married to Bronislawa Mniewska.

Brother (?!) of above mentioned TOMASZ JAN BLESZYNSKI b. 1710 in Tubadzin (10 km east of Blaszki) was Walenty BLESZYNSKI born ca 1720, owner of Bieliki - 7 km east of Sulmierzyce of Sulimierski and Kiedrzynski - bought in 1755, m. Zuzanna Rogowska / Rogawska / Rogójska,
with: 1. Jan BLESZYNSKI b. ca 1745 / 1755, m. Tekla Teresa Bontani, with
a) Alojzy Jan Baptysta b. 1786 in Rozny ca 4 km south-west of Dobryszyce; 5 km south-east of Lgota Wielka. Dobryszyce - south-east of Sulmierzyce, north-east of Wola Jedlinska;
b) Franciszek Wincenty b. 1791 in Rozny;
c) Wojciech Stanislaw b. 1793 - Rozny;
2. Bonawentura BLESZYNSKI b. 1749 Rozny, d. 1820 in Golanki (south of Nur, Masovia), owner of Golanki, m. Salomea Pagowska,
with:
a) Maksymilian Rafal b. ca 1795, m. ca 1842, Salomea Psarska, with daughter
Angela Marta b. 1821 in Zerechow, near Mierzyn; Mierzyn - south of Piotrkow Trybunalski;
b) Józef Kalasanty b. ca 1792, from Sulmierzyce;
c) Antoni b. ca 1785, owner of Stobiecko, m. Michalina Bleszynska b. ca 1795, daughter of Piotr and Honorata Poninska (lived close to Radomsko and Mierzyn); with daughter
Petronela Paula b. 1817 in Stobiecko Szlacheckie. Stobiecko Szlacheckie - at way from Lgota Wielka to Radomsko; 9 km south-east of Wola Blakowa - see Kiedrzynski!
d) Anastazja m. Kiedrzynska; she was b. ca 1785 / 1792. Antonina Anastazja Bleszynska married 1808 / ca 1810, to Kiedrzynski born 1784 (his father Kiedrzynski b. 1749) with 4 children.

Adam Kiedrzynski born ca 1783 / 1784 or in ca 1787, landlord of Sulmierzyce. Adam Kiedrzynski was godfather in Wola Blakowa in 1803 like nobleman with Joanna Lepicka.
His relatives Felicjan Kiedrzynski and Tekla Lepicka of Wola Blakowa. Sulmierzyce is situated close to Rzasnia, north of Jedlno; the Krepa parish since 1769, close to LGOTA WIELKA.
Adam Kiedrzynski married in 1808 in Krepa to Anastazja Bleszynska b. ca 1785 / 1792, from Bakowa Góra close to Przedborz.
In 1824 Franciszka Aniela Kiedrzynska was born - daughter of Adam Kiedrzynski and Anastazja Bleszynska in Sulmierzyce.


1966 in USA:

A.

Merle Fainsod, 'Roads to the Future', ed. in 1967, in Dilemmas of Change in Soviet Politics, ed. Zbigniew Brzezinski (New York, 1969). Fainsod from 1966 to 1967 or 1967-1968 served as President of the American Political Science Association. The American Political Science Association (APSA) is a professional association of political science students and scholars in the United States.
With funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, APSA Africa Workshops APSA has organized political science workshops in Dakar, Senegal in partnership with the West African Research Center from 2008.
The annual residential workshops are led by a joint U.S. and African organizing team and aimed at mid-and junior-level scholars residing in Africa.
Presidents of the APSA:
David B. Truman, 1964-1965;
Gabriel A. Almond, 1965-1966
[Gabriel A. Almond b. 1911, a political scientist from the United States; Almond was born in Rock Island, Illinois, as the son of Russian and Ukrainian immigrants. Almond's doctoral dissertation, Plutocracy and Politics in New York City, was not published until 1998, because it included unflattering references to John D. Rockefeller, a benefactor of the University of Chicago];
Robert A. Dahl, 1966-1967
[Robert Alan Dahl b. 1915, a political theorist and Sterling Professor of Political Science at Yale University. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, he was involved in an academic disagreement with C. Wright Mills over the nature of politics in the United States. "...Mills held that America's governments are in the grasp of a unitary and demographically narrow power elite. Dahl responded that there are many different elites involved, who have to work both in contention and in compromise with one another..."];
Merle Fainsod, 1967-1968;
David Easton, 1968-1969
[David Easton b. 1917, a Canadian-born American political scientist; a Ford Professor, 1960-61, funded by a grant from the Ford Foundation];
Karl W. Deutsch, 1969-1970.
Karl Wolfgang Deutsch b. 1912, political scientist from Prague.
"His mother Maria Leopoldina Scharf Deutsch was a Social Democrat, and ... she became known for her resistance to Nazism. His father Martin Morritz Deutsch owned an optical shop ... His uncle Julius Deutsch was an important political leader in the Social Democratic Party of Austria...".
Above Maria Leopoldina Deutsch (Scharf) b. 1882; above Moritz / Martin Deutsch b. 1882 in Lackenbach, Austria; he was the son of Maximilian Deutsch and Regina Lederer;
above Maximilian Deutsch b. 1854 was the son of Heinrich Hirsch Deutsch and Karolina Katherina Feigelstock, of Lackenbach.

B.

Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (b. 1928) is a Polish-American geostrategist, "... who served as a counselor to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 - to 1968 and was President Jimmy Carter's National Security Advisor from 1977 - to 1981; 1966 to 1968, Brzezinski served as a member of the Policy Planning Council of the U.S. Department of State for the President Johnson.

C.

Bissell moved after 1949 to Washington, where he associated with a group of journalists and politicians: Frank Wisner, George Kennan, Dean Acheson, Desmond FitzGerald, Joseph Alsop, Stewart Alsop, Tracy Barnes, Walt Rostow, Eugene Rostow, Cord Meyer, James Angleton, W. Averell Harriman, John McCloy, Felix Frankfurter, Allen W. Dulles, and Paul Nitze. In September 1960, Bissell and Allen W. Dulles, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, initiated talks with Johnny Roselli and Sam Giancana. Later, with Carlos Marcello, Santo Trafficante, Jr. and Meyer Lansky became involved in plot against Castro. Meyer Lansky, original name Maier Suchowljansky born in Grodno, or Meier Suchowlanski, moved to the United States through the port of Odessa. Bissell became head of the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) in 1962. IDA was a Pentagon think tank set up to evaluate weapons systems. After Bissell was Richard McGarrah Helms as head of the Institute for Defense Analyses who served as the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973. Helms began intelligence work with the Office of Strategic Services.

Richard McGarrah Helms - b. 1913, served as the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973.
Helms began intelligence work with the Office of Strategic Services during World War II.
"He was sworn in during a ceremony arranged by President Lyndon Baines Johnson, which included members of Congress and featured a marine band. In April of the prior year John McCone had resigned as DCI. Johnson then had appointed Admiral William Raborn, well regarded for his work on the submarine-launched Polaris missile, as the new DCI (1965-1966). Johnson immediately chose Helms to serve as Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (DDCI).
Raborn and Helms soon journeyed to the LBJ ranch in Texas. Notwithstanding, Raborn did not fit well into the institutional complexities at CIA, with its specialized intellectual culture.
He resigned in 1966".

D.

Hendrik Samuel Houthakker, academic and scholar, a Dutch born but Jewish family; survive the holocaust being sheltered by a Catholic family in the Netherlands; then at the University of Amsterdam in 1949.
Houthakker joined the research staff at Cambridge University; 1952, Houthakker moved to the United States to work for the Cowles Commission for Research in Economics at the University of Chicago. In 1954, the Economics Department at Stanford University, until 1960. 1958 to 1959, he held a Visiting appointment at Harvard University.
Houthakker was appointed to the U.S. Council of Economic Advisers where he served as a senior economist from 1966 to 1967.
In 1969, Houthakker was appointed to the U. S. Council of Economic Advisers for President Nixon.

E.

Sylvia Field Porter (1913 - 1991) [under copyright by Wikipedia] was an American economist, journalist and author.
The daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants, was born as Sylvia Feldman in Patchogue, New York, to Louis Feldman, a physician, and Rose (Maisel) Feldman. Porter was born as Sylvia Field Feldman.
In February 1966 Porter advised President Lyndon B Johnson on the appointment of Andrew Brimmer, the first African American to the serve on the Federal Reserve Board.
She married banker Reed Porter in 1931.

F.

Robert Edward Rubin born in 1938, an American lawyer, former cabinet member, was born in New York City, the son of Sylvia (nee Seiderman) and Alexander Rubin, a wealthy Jewish family.
He joined Goldman Sachs in 1966.


Brief note to the de Weydenthal family [and about BRZEZIE, WIENIEC, BEDKOW / BEDKOWO]:

Sylwia Barthel de Weydenthal / Sylwia de Weydenthal was working for the Danone Waters Zywiec Zdroj S.A., Grupa Zywiec Heineken, Coca-Cola Company; and of Saatchi & Saatchi in 1996
[Saatchi & Saatchi is a global communications and advertising agency network; was founded by brothers Maurice Lord Saatchi, and art collector Charles in 1970. Maurice Nathan Saatchi, Baron Saatchi, born 1946, is an Iraqi-British politician, the third of four sons born to Nathan Saatchi and Daisy Ezer, a wealthy Iraqi Jewish family in Baghdad, Iraq. Charles Saatchi born 1943 - sponsorship of the Young British Artists (YBAs), including Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin].
Sylwia Barthel de Weydenthal / Sylwia de Weydenthal
was the precursor of Lean In Poland, an organization initiated by Sheryl Sandberg (COO of Facebook). On the Leanin.org: the Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead is a 2013 book written by Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.
Anecdotes are given in which Judith Rodin questions why highly talented women choose to leave careers and become homemakers and Gayle Tzemach Lemmon gives her opinion.
Above Judith Rodin born Judith Seitz in 1944 is a philanthropist. Rodin was born Jewish in Philadelphia, PA. She was the daughter of Morris and Sally Seitz.
Rodin became president of the Rockefeller Foundation in March, 2005.

Sheryl Kara Sandberg born 1969, is an American technology executive, activist, and author. She is the Chief Operating Officer of Facebook and founder of Leanin.org / the Lean In Foundation. Sandberg was born in 1969 in Washington, D.C. to a Jewish family, the daughter of Adele (née Einhorn) and Joel Sandberg. Sandberg's family was active in helping Soviet Jews make aliyah to Israel during the refusenik era [in Russia].

Shortly discuss on the stories of several families in the area of Wloclawek - Radziejow - Lipno - Rypin:

The first we look at Józef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski, b. 1817 in Warsaw, d. 1861 in Warsaw, + Seweryna Stompf with children:
1. Franciszek Paszkowski junior, jurist, in 1902 owner of Tonie close to CRACOW, and
2. Leon Ignacy Paszkowski, 1845 - 1904, director of a bank in Cracow, + (1875 - 1887) Maria Lasocka daughter of
Bronislaw + Felicja Wolowska [see BRZEZINSKI and Lanckoronski].

Dominik Paszkowski 1783–1866, who was the son of Jan PASZKOWSKI + Petronela Kulikowska, married Anna Niemojewska.
Franciszek Paszkowski senior, MP, son of Dominik (1783-1866) + above Anna nee Niemojewski (d. 1872), was
brother of PASZKOWSKI Józef Edmund 1817-1861, poet, translator; Franciszek studied painting at the Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts.

We know about: Anna Niemojewska of Swiedziebnia in 1862, close to Brodnica and Rypin.
Swiedziebnia - 16 km north-east of RYPIN.

Now on Janusz Tymieniecki of Brzezno near to Lipno [see Golub-Dobrzyn and PLOCK !]; the last owner of Brzezno, d. in DACHAU - ? - in 1941;
next of kin to Grzegorz Braun son of prof. Kazimierz Braun, writer, and Zofia Reklewska; grandson of Juliusz Braun, solicitor and Elzbieta Szymanowska [see again on the BRZEZINSKIs] from Mokrsko, or Mokrsko Dolne belonged in 1823 to Chelinski, then to Tymieniecki; 1931 to Michal Szymanowski, in 1936 in Mokrsko Dolne was born above Kazimierz Braun, actor, writer.
Relatives: Wincenty Sebastian Reklewski owner of Mirogonowice, and Anna Danuta Reklewska nee Wasiutynski.
Grzegorz Braun is the great-grandson of Karol Braun, and Henryka Miller, and Michal Szymanowski owner of MOKRSKO Dolne, and his wife Maria Szymanowska nee Tymieniecka.
Michal Ludwik Hieronim Szymanowski m. Maria Tymieniecka that is Maria Korwin-Szymanowska Tymieniecka, born 1883.

Bohdan Wladyslaw Zaremba Tymieniecki or Bogdan / Bohdan ZAREMBA-Tymieniecki, was born in Warsaw, then he was living in Paris, war in 1939 in Poland, Colonel in Italy [author with a nickname Visconsini, Amadeo], a landowner before 1939 - was the brother of ANNA-TERESA Tymieniecka [see Karol Wojtyla]!
Anna Teresa was born on Feb 28 1923 in Marianowo, in the Rypin County, close to Golub-Dobrzyn and RYPIN - but not near by Mlawa.
Her mother was Maria-Ludwika de Lanval Tymieniecka / LENVAL [see KRONENBERG].
Joanna Tymieniecka Burhardt, b. 1920, was the wife of above Bogdan / Bohdan Tymieniecki.
She was the daughter of Stanislaw Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki and Jadwiga Beck.
Above Jadwiga Beck nee Salkowska, b. 1896 in Lublin, died in 1974 in London, UK, daughter of Waclaw Salkowski and Jadwiga Maria;
wife of General Stanislaw Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki and Colonel Józef Beck, III - mother of Joanna Tymieniecka.
Above Stanislaw Seweryn Burhardt-Bukacki b. 1890 in Cannes, France, died in 1942 in Edinburgh; he was the son of Jan Krzysztof Burhardt and Salomea Otylia Burhardt; father of Joanna Tymieniecka.

And we back to Jerzy Barthel de Weydenthal who died in 1960, son of Kazimiera Janota-Bzowska, b. 1894, d. 1961. Her parents: Stanislaw Janota-Bzowski, 1862 - 1937, and Zofia Markowska.

Przemyslaw Barthel de Weidenthal, 1893 - d. 1919 - Odessa, but buried in Wloclawek. His grandfather was Zdzislaw Barthel de Weidenthal, 1818-1859. Zdzislaw Barthel de Weidenthal had son b. 1850.

Barthel de Weydenthal Jan / Janusz, died in 1941 in Mauthausen.

Jadwiga Barthel de Weydenthal - Brzeska, b. 1884 in BADKOWO, d. 1961, soldier of the I Brigade, activist of the independence, sculptress, godmother of the ship Batory. She was the daughter of Zdzislaw and Aniela Rózanska;
sister of above Przemyslaw Barthel de Weydenthal - Colonel;
Jerzy Barthel de Weydenthal;
Jan Barthel de Weydenthal and
Maria Barthel de Weydenthal - activists of the independence, a teacher in the high school, a nun of the Ursuline Sisters.
Jadwiga studied at home, later in Paris at the Sorbonne, then was in the country in 1905-1906. In 1916-1919 studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw.

Ewa Bobrowska-Jakubowska, and Grzegorz Jakubowski-Barthel de Weydenthal, that is Gregor JAKUBOWSKI - BARTHEL de WEYDENTHAL, born in 1957 in CRACOW, Poland; lives in PARIS since 1981, studying with Ferit ISCAN, Abraham Hadad and Vladimir VELICKOVIC.

Teresa Jarzembowska (nee Barthel de Weydenthal) died in 2015 in Toronto.
Her children Marek and Anna Perschy. Teresa was born in 1930 in Shanghai, China, she was the youngest of three children of Baron Jerzy Barthel de Weydenthal, who was Plenipotentiary Delegate of Poland to China and Countess Kazimiera (nee Bzowska). When WWII broke out, Teresa's father was sent by the Polish government to the south of France; she and her mother accompanied him. Her elder brothers, who were students in Poland, joined the resistance and were killed - named above Jan at Mathausen and Marian in Poland. After WWII, Teresa and her parents moved to Ireland. Teresa studied in Dublin, then in 1951 the family moved to England. Teresa joined Reuters as an Assistant Editor, also enjoyed the theatre, the opera, and the ballet in London. In 1959, she married Tadeusz Jarzembowski, who had escaped from communist Poland, but divorced in 1968. Teresa raised her children with the assistance of her former governess, Pola Krupowicz. In 1976, she moved back to France with her children to open an office for a translation; moved to Canada with her daughter where she stayed. Teresa visited many countries from Europe and the Americas to the Middle East and Asia; she retired in 1996.

Ludwig Adolf Barthel de Weydenthal b. 1815 in Warsaw, was son of Jan-Fryderyk Barthel de Weydenthal, b. ca 1783, and his wife Maryanna Eisermann, b. 1782. Children with Lucyja Aleksandra Gromkowska, b. 1816:
1. Feliks Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1845, in Warsaw,
2. Wladyslaw Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1842,
3. Aleksander Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1839,
4. Helena Jozefa Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1858,
5. Jozef Kazimierz Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1840,
6. Lucjan Walery Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1859.

Alfred Jozef Barthel de Weydenthal b. 1862 in Nadroze. His father - [see below] Alfred Kalikst Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1835, in Zbojno, died in 1863, Nadroze. Mother - Stanislawa Domicella Grabinska, b. 1843.
Children with Anna Chelmicka, born in Okalewo:
1. Artur Alfred Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1888, Nadroze,
2. Wladyslaw Alfred Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1887, Nadroze,
3. Stefan Maryan Bogustaw Barthel de Weydenthal, b. 1890, Nadroze.

Named Nadróz close to Rogowo, in the Rypin county. The village belonged to Nadrowski, at the end of 18th cent. to Balinski and Kretkowski; ca 1812 Adam Nadrowski taken all estate.
Nadróz ca 1850 bought Wilhelm Fryderyk Barthel von Weidenthal, who was an administrator of Antoni Suminski estate in Zbójno. Then in 1856 to his son Alfred Kalikst Barthel. 1886 Nadróz with Balin to Alfred Józef Barthel, son of Alfred Kalikst. The last in Nadróz - to 1939 - was Artur Barthel, son of Alfred Józef who acted also in Rypin.

Nadróz - 9 km south of RYPIN; north of Wloclawek and LIPNO.
See Swiedziebnia - 16 km north-east of RYPIN.
Brzezno near to Lipno [see Golub-Dobrzyn and PLOCK !];
Marianowo, in the Rypin County, close to Golub-Dobrzyn and RYPIN - 13 km north-west of RYPIN.
CHOCEN close to KOWAL and Izbica Kujawska [see my Encyclopedia].
Brzezie, BADKOWO and Wieniec - west of Wloclawek.

Barthel de Weydenthal - in BEDKOW or BADKOWO and see BRZEZIE [KRONENBERG - see Tyminska and Wojtyla], 7 km east of Będków / BADKOWO.
Barthel de Weydenthal Przemysław Antoni / Borucki, Barta, b. 1893, Będków, died in April 1919, Odessa, Colonel.
Come from Barthel de Weydenthal Jan, Fryderyk b. 1770, son of Barthel de Weydenthal Jan, Fryderyk b. 1745. Barthel de Weydenthal Jan, Fryderyk b. 1770 married to Eiserman Maryanna b. 1772.
Next person: Jan Maria Barthel de Weydenthal (1895 - 1941) - last landowner of Bądkowo.
Jerzy Teofil Marian Barthel de Weydenthal (1882 in Padniewo, d. 1960 in London), the Polish consular officer, diplomat.
Jadwiga Barthel de Weydenthal / Brzeska b. 1884, Bądkowo, was the soldier of the First Brigade.

6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miączyński; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.
After the owner's death in 1878, his sons managed the property; to 1887 by Stanisław Kronenberg, then until 1937 by Leopold Julian Kronenberg.
WIENIEC - in the first half of the nineteenth century the owners were Dąmbski and Miączyński (Stanislaw Miączyński was adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski). Then to above Leopold Kronenberg (1812-1878), a Warsaw banker, investor, one of the richest men in ex-Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Named above Stanisław Adam Miączyński 1780-1845, son of Kajetan;
Stanislaw's grandparents: Antoni Miączyński 1691-1774 [next of kin to Józef Mikołaj Radziwiłł of Nieśwież, 1784-1788, the Mińsk governor (1773-1784), 1736-1813] and Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraż, 1712-1785 - see Zbigniew Brzezinski.
MIACZYNSKI come from Atanazy Walenty Miączyński (1639 - 1723), the treasurer of the Crown court, the province governor of Volyn and colonel, was friend of Jan III Sobieski. His children: Piotr Michał Miączyński, Antoni Miączyński, Kazimierz Miączyński, Katarzyna Ossolinska; Elżbieta Miączyńska - Sierakowska, Józef Miączyński.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brześć Kujawski, then it was the land of Miączyński, next the property to the Kronenbergs [with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo]. 1873 - new palace; Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and
Brzezie taken his children: Stanisław Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887), then Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937); 1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg; the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg.
Above Leopold Stanisław Kronenberg b. 1812, d. 1878 in Nice, was the Polish banker, investor and financier of Jewish origin, one of the leaders before the January Uprising 1863. He came from a wealthy family of Jewish rabbis. His father was Samuel Eleazar Kronenberg (1773-1826) led the banking activities in Warsaw. Mother Tekla Levi (1775-1848);
Leopold Stanisław Kronenberg had seven siblings: Louis, Rosalie, Stanislaw Solomon, Dorota (mother of Seweryn Loewenstein !), Mary, Henry Andrew / Henryk Andrzej Kronenberg, and Wladyslaw Alphonsus. He was married to Ernestyna Rozalia Leo (1827-1893).
Above Baron Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein (b. 1833, d. 1895) - Polish entrepreneur and manufacturer of Jewish origin. He was born as the son of James and above named Dorothy Kronenberg (sister of Leopold).
He was the brother of Leon.
He was a co-founder and co-owner of plants Lilpop, Rau and Loewenstein in Warsaw. 1884 baron of the Saxon-Coburg-Gotha Duchy under Ernest II Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha.
Baron Leon Władysław Loewenstein de Lenval married Maria Helena Kronenberg (1853-1895, daughter of Henryk Andrzej Kronenberg), with children:
Leon Mieczysław (b. 1872) and
Maria Katarzyna Dorota (b. 1873, m. Count Izydor Colonna-Czosnowski).


Osiecz Wielki:

Osiecz Wielki - ca 1810 this land property was owned by the Bninski family.
In 1870 these estates also included: Osiecz Wielki, Osiecz Maly, Kucice, Biezyn, Arciszewo, Wola Paruszewska and Uklejnice.
At the beginning of the 20th cent. to the Plater family. Osiecz Wielki is situated 10 km south-west of Chocen; 10 km north-west of CHODECZ; east of Izbica Kujawska; south of Wloclawek, BADKOWO and Brzesc Kujawski.
Osiecz Wielki - here was born Jacek Plater in 1932, son of Count and landowner.
Count Witold Maria Broel Plater, 1893-1962 - in 1922 - built the private elementary school in assets Osiecz Wielki and Osiecz Maly; he was the son of Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count and Aleksandra Maria Helena POTOCKA, Broel-Plater, 1863-1918.
Named Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count, b. 1843 in Belmont, died in 1911 in Bad Nauheim, Germany, was the son of Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater and Idalia Adelajda SOBANSKA b. 1808;
father of Ignacy; Antoni Broel-Plater and Witold Maria Aleksander Broel-Plater; brother of Konstanty Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater; Wlodzimierz Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater and Feliks Broel-Plater.
Above Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, was the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750.
Above
Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river.
Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita.
Michal OGINSKI was the son of Leon Kazimierz Oginski, b. ca 1658, who was the brother of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski b. ca 1664 {see below}.

Now we back to central Poland:

Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, who m. 1st to Zuzanna Polchowska with:
a. Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835, and
b. Magdalena Helena Walewska born ca 1761 / 1762 [see Kiedrzynski].

Romuald WALEWSKI was son of Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, who m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek Walewska 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.
Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, was son of mentioned above Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga [see below];
MAREK was father of Paulina / Paula Oginska;
brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and brother of named above Magdalena Antonina Walewska!

We back to mother of Paula Oginska:
Jadwiga Szembek nee Rudnicka, ca 1710 - ca 1765, wife of Marek Szembek and Kazimierz Lubienski, she was mother of
Paula Oginska;
Konstancja Kossowska and
Anna Letowska.

Above Marek Szembek 1700 - 1744.

Above Paula Oginska Szembek, burned in Miedniewice, was born 1737, d. 1798, she was wife of
Celestyn Lubienski,
Jan Prosper Potocki, and
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski!
She was mother of Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski,
Michal Kleofas Oginski, (see: Komorowski, von Ronne, Mielzynski, Bilewicz, Pilsudski, Trubecki, Kalinowski, Konstantynowicz, Tallinn, Italy, Napoleon...)
and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska;
half sister of Konstancja Kossowska and Anna Letowska.

We remember that above Antoni Felicjan Szembek ca 1680 - 1739, was father of Magdalena Antonina Walewska.

Now back to
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski: Freemason, b. 1739 or 1740; in 1772 he was in Vienna, his wife Paula Szembek / Paulina Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski, b. 1765 died 1833 in Florencja.

Above Michal Kleofas Oginski, in 1790 moved to The Hague as a diplomatic representative of Poland in the Netherlands; in 1795 Konstantynopol, 1796 Venice, Tuscany; Paris; 1810 Petersburg; moved abroad in 1815?, in 1822 Italy, 1823 Firenze / Florence to death 1833.
Michal Kleofas Oginski in 1801 was living with his wife Izabela and two infant sons, Tadeusz and Xavier, at his wife's family's estate at Brzeziny, to the south west (see Otrebusy) of Warsaw.

Andrzej Ignacy Joachim Jozafat Oginski b. 1739 or 1740 roku in Tadulino in the Vicebsk province, died in GUZOW, was the son of Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski 1712 - 1783 in Molodeczno / Maladzyechna, Minsk Province, Belarus.
Tadeusz was the son of Marcin Michal Oginski Duke or Marcin Mikolaj Oginski / Marcjan Oginski, b. 1672 in Vitebsk, d. 1750, who was the son of Szymon Karol Oginski.

Michal Kazimierz Oginski, Duke, a composer, writer, poet and playwright, was the cousin of named above Andrzej Ignacy Joachim Jozafat Oginski b. 1739 or 1740 roku in Tadulino in the Vicebsk province. Michal Kazimierz Oginski, Duke b. 1728 / 1730 / 1731 in Warsaw, d. 1800 in Slonim, General Lieutenant, the Wilno governor in 1764.

Named above
Count Witold Maria Broel Plater, 1893-1962 married to [husband of Aniela Maria Izabella POTOCKA and Ludwika Maria Izabella CZARNECKA] Aniela Potocka 1891-1924
[Aniela Maria Izabella nee Potocka known as Wereszczaka, daughter of Tomasz Ludwik Potocki Count and Ludwika Potocka-BNINSKA].

Above Ludwika Bninska had children:
Aniela Maria Izabella Broel-Plater; Irena Elzbieta Maria Sobanska; Pelagia Zabiello; Krzysztof Potocki and Maria Magdalena Florentyna Szemiot.

Above Ludwika BNINSKA 1870-1899, was daughter of Jozef Franciszek BNINSKI, 1845-1883 [owner of Osiek or OSIECZ Wielki ?], who was the son of Jan Piotr Bninski, 1818-1847

[Jan Piotr BNINSKI married Maria MIELZYNSKA, born 1821 in Köbnitz / CHOBIENICE close to Babimost - she died in Warsaw in 1878,
her great-grandparents:
Maciej Mielzynski of Radziejów - see below, 1733-1793;
Ignacy Niemojowski of Wielun, 1750-1786;
Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski, Count, 1738-1799
{see below on BASZKOW and KROTOSZYN};
Seweryna Lipska 1750-1804; Katarzyna Wierusz-Walknowska 1750-1787; Seweryna Lipska 1750-1804; Konstancja Hutten-Czapska, 1749-1813.
Sister of above MARIA MIELZYNSKA was
Css Katarzyna Mielzynska, 1828-1899, married Stanislaw Broel-Plater, Count, 1822-1890]

who was the son of Jozef January Bninski / Jozef Januarius, Graf Bninski, 1787-1846 in Samostrzel
[son of Konstanty Bninski, Count in 1816, 1730-1810 and Franciszka Sliwicka b. 1756]
and Marianna Gasiorowska born 1793 - 1840

[Maryanna Gabryela Gasiorowska / Marianna Gasiorowska (Boryslawska), was the daughter of Jan Boryslawski and Aniela OWSIANY; wife of Leon Gasiorowski and mother of:
Constantin Bninski b. 1811,
Jan Piotr Karol Bninski b. 1818 m. above mentioned Marya Mielzynska,
Ignacy Jozef Bninski b. 1820, m. Emilia Franciszka Boleslawa Regina Lacka,
Anna Bninska b. 1828 m. Alfred Cielecki 1821-1892, son of Stanislaw Cielecki 1789-1855 and grandson of ANDRZEJ CIELECKI born ca 1740.

Other genealogical data:
Andrzej Cielecki b. ca 1740, died after 1788, heir of Kamionna, the confederate of Bar, the treasurer of Szadek, esquire, 1788 MP, had children:
Michalina;
above Stanislaw;
Klemens;
Anna - see below - see Kiedrzynski;
Marianna - see below on the Zaliwski movement;
Zuzanna - more below;
Ludwika - see below !;
and Józef - see below.

Above Anna Cielecka (ca 1770 - 1838), the proprietress of estates Galewice, Kaski farm close to Galewice (Galewice 10 km north-east of Wieruszow and 8 km north-east of Chobanin; KASKI - 2 / 3 km east of above Galewice and east of Domanin; Kaski - 11 km west of LUTUTOW and west of Dymki of the Kiedrzynskis. family;
see OLSZOWSKI / Olszewski, Kreski, Madalinski and Psarski families),
and Gizyce with Maczniki in the Kalisz province, m. Adam Wegierski (ca 1770 - 1829), with daughter
Róza Tekla Wegierska (b. 1804), married in Warsaw in 1829, to Ludwik Fiszer (born 1800 - died in 1877 in Lomza), with daughter
Leokadia Józefa Fiszer (b. ca 1832 in Zawrocie, close to Wysokie Mazowieckie), m. in 1854 in Wysokie Mazowieckie to Aleksy Sabin Wincenty Kurcyusz b. ca 1830, with daughter
Maria Kurcyusz b. ca 1850, married 1881 in Warsaw to Zdzislaw Godfryd Redel (b. 1839 in Pesy, in the Lomza county) who was son of Wladyslaw Ignacy Józef Redel (b. ca 1812 Warsaw), and grandson of Jakub Redel (1769 - 1845) and Barbara Karolina Dabrowska;
Zdzislaw Godfryd Redel b. 1839 was the son of Wanda Narcyza Albina Zmichowska (b. ca 1816 in Rawicz), daughter of Jan Zmichowski and Wiktoria Kiedrzynska
(Wiktoria died in 1819; Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska was daughter of Łukasz Kiedrzyński and Franciszka Józefata Raczynska / Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755
[Franciszka born 1751 or ca 1755; she was daughter of Józef Raczyński and Brygida BREZA daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738];
daughters of Wiktoria nee KIEDRZYNSKA:
Wanda Narcyza Albina REDEL,
Kornelia Gloger;
Wiktoria Lewińska,
Narcyza Zmichowska 1819 - 1876).
Remember:
Marianna Cielecka b. ca 1770 or 1780, died before 1833, m. Jan Nepomucen Sulimierski b. ca 1770 - died in 1818, owner of Brzeski / Brzesko, son of Michal Sulimierski and Jadwiga Jaroszewska. Marianna was daughter of Andrzej Cielecki b. 1740].

Mentioned above
Jozef / Józef Wincenty Pawel Cielecki (born ca 1792 - 1844), Lieutenant of the Polish Army, married in 1815 in Lututów (5 km west of Dymki of the Kiedrzynskis) to
Pelagia Wstowska (b. ca 1798), she was owner of Swiatkowice (6 km south-east of Kowal !!);
her parents: Józef Wstowski and Emilia Wegierska.
Named above Marianna Cielecka b. ca 1770, died before 1833, m. Jan Nepomucen Sulimierski b. ca 1770 - died in 1818, owner of Brzeski / Brzesko, son of Michal Sulimierski and Jadwiga Jaroszewska,
with children: Maciej, Filip, Teresa:
1. Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. ca 1795, proprietor of an estate Stronsko, and Zielecice in the Lask county,
2. Filip Rafal Sulimierski (1797 Tumusin, close to Zgierz - d. 1843 in Brzeski, in the Szadek county), owner of Chotyszów and Brzeski; married to Balbina Psarska b. ca 1800, 2nd time in 1831 to Bibianna Barbara Dzwonkowska (1810 in Leszczyn, in the Sieradz county - 1882), daughter of Tekla nee Borowska b. ca 1780;
children of above Filip:
Klotylda Sulimierska b. ca 1835, m. Józef Zaremba son of Józef Zaremba;
Bronislawa Sulimierska (1827 - 1928 !), 1863 Uprising, 1st m. Edward Szenk, 2nd m. in 1871 in Cieszecin to Boleslaw Tarczalowski;
Artur Alfons Sulimierski (1831 in Stolec, the Sieradz county - d. 1902),
Kornelia Sulimierska (1836 - 1837),
Filip Koronat Sulimierski (1843 Sieradz - 1885 Warsaw), author of 'Slownik Geograficzny...'.
Filip Koronat Sulimierski was born on 8 November 1843, in Sieradz; he was the son of Philip Raphael Sulimierski (1797-1843) and his second wife, Barbara Bibianna nee Dzwonkowski (1810-1882). Filip Rafael Sulimierski was the owner of the village Chotyszów and Brzeski (in the Sieradz county). Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski born 1798, married Marianna Kempista - uncle of Filip Koronat - who was heir to the village Zielencice, was witness the birth registration of Filip Koronat Sulimierski together with Leon Labecki, teacher of the School District of Sieradz; witnesses to the baptism were Maciej Sulimierski, Karolina Nowicka, Joseph Zaremba and Teresa Starzynska.
The future editor of 'Wedrowiec' had two sisters - Bronislawa (1827-1928) and Kornelia (1836-1837 !) and brother Arthur Alfons (1831-1902). The first one was a participant of the January Uprising, repressioned after its fall. Arthur worked as a teacher in Warsaw high schools; the younger brother was also the author of a book published in 1872.
F. Sulimierski in 1856 he moved with his mother and siblings to Piotrkow Trybunalski; after graduating in 1862 he started his studies in Warsaw on the newly created the Main School (now University of Warsaw) at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. F. Sulimierski also participated in a series of lectures on the philosophy of Henry Struve.

Named above
Jan Nepomucen Sulimierski b. ca 1770 - died in 1818, his father was Michał Sulimierski b. ca 1720; Michał Sulimierski d. ca 1770, was son of Franciszek Sulimierski and Ludwika Wielowieyska. Franciszek was born circa 1684. Michał had brother Józef Sulimierski.
Michał married Jadwiga Jaroszewska; they had sons:
Jan Nepomucen Sulimierski b. ca 1770 and
Adam Sulimierski.
But we have different Michał Sulimierski, b. ca 1685 / 1710 - 1780 in Widawa; son of Sebastian Sulimierski and Marianna Stokowska. Sebastian was born in 1670. Marianna was born in 1680. Michał married Katarzyna Szczepanowska in 1730. They had 2 sons, among others Józef Sulimierski. This is branch of Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805.

Above
Ludwika Cielecka (b. ca 1787) m. Sylwester Tarnowski (1767 - 1816), owner of Bukowiec, son of Roch Tarnowski (1733 - 1784 in Kliczków), grandson of Stanislaw Tarnowski and Aldegunda Wezyk.
Above named Bukowiec is a village close to Brójce;
above Kliczków (MALY and Wielki) - south-west of Sieradz and south-east of BLASZKI, north of Dymki and Lututow.

Above Zuzanna Cielecka (1773 - 1837) m. Michal Stawiski owner of Przatów, and Wola Czarnyska, son of Katarzyna nee Tarnowska.

Mentioned above Katarzyna Mielzynska, 1828-1899, married Stanislaw Broel-Plater, Count, born in 1822 in PARIS - 1890 in Warsaw, son of Stanislaw Broel-Plater 1784-1851, grandson of Kazimierz Konstanty Plater 1746-1807 and Izabela Ludwika Borch 1752-1813; great-grandson of Konstanty Ludwik Plater 1722-1778, Jan Andrzej Józef Borch 1713-1780 and Augusta Oginska 1724-1791 - she was daughter of Duke Józef Tadeusz Oginski 1693- 1736.

Note to above Konstanty Ludwik Plater 1722-1778:
The great-grandparents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
1. Jan Ludwik Plater born in 1686 or 1690-1736
(Jan Ludwik Plater born in 1686 either 1690-1736 or ca 1700 - 1764 who was son [here was mistake] of Jan Andrzej Henryk Plater and Ludwika Maria von Grothuss;
Jan Ludwik was husband of Rozalia Brzostowska;
father of Konstancja; Konstanty Ludwik and Józefa;
brother of
Fabian Ksawery Broel-Plater - see below!;
Aleksander Konstanty;
Izabela Borch and
Anna Sybilla von Syberg / Zyberk),

2. Józef Tadeusz Oginski
(1693 - 1736, son of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski and Eleonora;
husband of Anna; father of Augustyna Plater; Katarzyna Przezdziecka; Michal Kazimierz Oginski; Elzbieta Wielhorska and Genowefa Brzostowska; brother of Marcibela Zawisza-Kiezgajlo and Helena Oginska);

3. Waclaw Beydo-Rzewuski b. 1705 / 1706 - d. 1779;

4. Michal Kazimierz Radziwill
(Prince Michal Kazimierz Radziwill born in 1702, Olyka and died in 1762, nick-name Rybenko, owner of Biržai, Dubingiai, Slutsk, Kopyla and Shumsk. He was Court Marshal of Lithuania since 1734, Field and Grand Commander-in-Chief of Lithuania and in 1725 in Biala Krynica he married Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka, 2nd time married Anna Luiza Mycielska in 1754 in Lviv. His lover was Maria Karolina Sobieska, grand daughter of John III Sobieski);
5. Rozalia Brzostowska 1690-1746;
6. Anna Wisniowiecka 1695-1732;
7. Anna Lubomirska
(1717 - died 1763, m. in 1732 to Waclaw Rzewuski of Cracow, the Grand Commander-in-Chief of Poland, 1706 - 1779);
8. Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753.

Grandparents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
1. named above Konstanty Ludwik Plater 1722-1778,
2. Augusta Oginska 1724-1791,
3. Stanislaw Ferdynand Beydo-Rzewuski 1737-1786,
4. Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.

Parents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
August Jacek Hieronim Broel-Plater / August Hiacynt 1745-1803 and
Anna Beydo-Rzewuska 1761-1800.

Note to above
Izabela Ludwika Borch 1752-1813:
the von der Borch family from Prele / Preili/ Priji near to Dyneburg and from Wyping in the Rzezyce / Rezekne district was owner of the Prezma estate before 1714.
Maria Szadurska nee Plater-Zyberk, b. 1813; wife of Mikolaj Szadurski m. 1837, her son Wladyslaw SZADURSKI m. Stefania Borch with child:
Michalina Szadurska m. Konstanty Maria Michal Ropp.
Izabela Plater-Zyberk that is Izabella von der Ropp was sister of Maria Szadurska b. 1813 wife of Mikolaj Szadurski, and also
sister of Henryk Waclaw Ksawery Plater-Zyberk b. 1811 in Liksna, close to Daugavpils, who died in 1903 in Kraslava, Latvia.
Izabela Plater-Zyberk 1809-1888 m. to Julian Emeryk Ropp 1800-1858.

See:
Adam Tadeusz Broel-Plater, MP, b. ca 1740 - General in 1775, father of Anna Marianna Giedroyc; Krzysztof Broel-Plater and Tadeusz Broel-Plater.
Adam PLATER was the son of Krzysztof Konstanty Broel-Plater, 1718 - 1751.
Krzysztof Konstanty Broel-Plater was the son of mentioned above Fabian Ksawery Broel-Plater and Ludwika PUZYNA.

Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko was brother of
Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko;
Katarzyna Zólkowska and
Anna Estka / Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka.

Above Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko 1743 - 1789, married to Burniewicz, was father of
1. Rachela Aniela Broel-Plater
(Rachela 1784 - 1860, was mother of Adam Michal; Michal; Lucjan Stanislaw; Ferdynand; Aleksandra b. 1812; Fabian Antoni Ignacy; Tadeusz August Jan; Antoni Konstanty Broel-Plater; Rachela Broel-Plater and Anna);
2. Aleksander Kosciuszko with daughter Antonina Traugutt

(Antonina Kościuszko married 1st to Romuald Traugutt b. 1826, the commander of the 1863 Uprising; m. 2nd to Franciszek Mickiewicz b. ?, son of Aleksander Julian Mickiewicz (Aleksander Julian b. 1801 in Nowogródek) who was
brother of famous Adam Mickiewicz
(Adam married Celina Szymanowska daughter of Józef Szymanowski and Maria Agata Wolowska - Szymanowska, famous composer);
above Józef Szymanowski m. 2nd to Elżbieta Młodzianowska with daughter Zofia Szymanowska who married Teofil Lenartowicz, poet.
Above mentioned Lt. Colonel Romuald Traugutt (1826 - 1864) was a Polish general, October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection, headed the Polish national government on 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864, and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office; hanged on 5 August 1864, together with Rafał Krajewski, Józef Toczyski, Roman Żuliński and Jan Jeziorański);

3. Jozef Kosciuszko and
4. unknown Kosciuszko who was father of Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko - b. 1821 in Suwalki, died 1917, husband of Jeanette Marx and father of Louis Kosciuszko b. 1857 [grandfather of Jacques Achille Kosciusko 1913 in Paris, died 1994 in Paris].

Above Katarzyna Zólkowska b. 1744, was mother of Ignacy Zólkowski; Katarzyna Zólkowska was wife of Karol Zolkowski of Wolkowysk, lived in Kuzawa owned by Karol Radziwill.

About Lucjan and Ferdynand Broel - Plater in the book 'Poles in Australia and Oceania 1790-1940', by Lech Paszkowski, Australian National University Press, 1987:
After the arrival of Prince Lubecki in New South Wales, Plater - the Counts Lucien and Ferdinand, landed in Sydney.
The father of Lucien / Lucjan and Ferdinand / Ferdynand, was Count Thaddeus de Broel Plater / Tadeusz Broel-Plater / Tadas Broel-Pliateris b. 1762 or born in 1780, d. 1822, a Marshal of the Polish-Lithuanian nobility in the district of Vilno.
He was married in 1804 to Rachela Aniela / Rachel Kosciuszko b. 1784 - d. 1860, niece of Thaddeus Kosciuszko;
the brothers were born at Pomusz near Courland: Lucien Stanislaw de Plater / Lucien in November 1808 (born maybe in Wilno; d. 1857) and Ferdinand in January 1811;
the father of above Tadeusz b. 1780, was Adam Tadeusz Broel-Plater, MP, b. ca 1740 + Maria Zofia, who was son of Krzysztof Konstanty Plater and Anna;

Adam Tadeusz - General adjutant in 1775 was father of mentioned above Tadeusz Broel-Plater; Anna Marianna Giedroyc and Krzysztof Broel-Plater.
Above Krzysztof Konstanty Plater / Broel-Plater, 1718 - 1751, was the son of mentioned above
Fabian Ksawery Broel-Plater [b. 1679] and Ludwika;
brother of Jan Ludwik Plater; Teresa Plater and Rozalia Strutyńska.

Above Colonel Fabian Ksawery Broel-Plater 1679 - 1742 was son of Jan Andrzej Henryk Plater and Ludwika Maria von Grothuss; brother of Jan Ludwik Plater 1686/1690 - 1736 or 1764; Aleksander Konstanty Plater; Izabela Borch and Anna Sybilla von Syberg.

Important geographical explanations of the POMUSZ estate:
now Litwa / Lietuva, in Skilinpamusis / Zilpamusis village is the Szyling Pomusz / Weiss-Pomusz / Pomusz Wielki court owned the Bystram family, then to Broel-Plater; by Musza river, here is the 19th century manor of Plater; 4 km to the Latvia border (Courland) close to Salnaiciai and Grenctale; near Salociai; on west-north-west of Birzai / Birze; west of Jekabpils in Latvia; south-east of Jelgava / Mitau / Mitawa.
Land owner Fabian-Ksawery Broel-Plater was the son of Jan Andrzej Broel-Plater, the Livland governor, and his wife Ludwika Maria nee Grotthus; Fabian was born in 1679, fought at Olkienniki in 1700. 1732 takes in the pledge the Weiss-Pomusz estate from Carolina Sapieha Radziwill, 1733 transfers the assets to Krzysztof Bystram and his wife Zuzanna Offenberg. 1738 Fabian-Ksawery Plater still gives the same pledge and for the same amount to Krzysztof Adam Ropp; 1740 ultimately transfers the same pledge of Weiss-Pomusz to Krzysztof Adam Ropp, and then to Jan Wilhelm Ropp.

Named Józef Tadeusz Oginski, 1693 - 1736, was the son of Kazimierz Dominik Prince Oginski {see above and more below !} and Eleonora born Oginski.
Kazimierz was born ca 1664, in Trakai; Eleonora born ca 1674, in Pinsk. Józef had 5 sisters: Marciabela / Marcybella Princess Zawisza, Teresa Princess Oginska and 3 others.
Józef married Anna Korybut-Wisniowiecka in 1721, born in 1695, in Vilnius. They had 8 children: above
AUGUSTA / Augustyna Princess Broel-Plater,
and Katarzyna Przezdziecka.

Above
Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river.
She was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita.
Michal was the son of Leon Kazimierz Oginski, b. ca 1658, who was the brother of mentioned above Kazimierz Dominik Oginski b. ca 1664 {see above}.

Note to above BASZKOW and KROTOSZYN:

1.
Antoni Madalinski was friend in 1768 to Józef Bierzynski; 1770 of Józef Sawa-Calinski; 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sulkowskis;
he was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow.
Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczynskis land, then in 1791 to Mielzynski.
Antoni Madalinski after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.

The great-grandmother of Angela Merkel came from Pyrzyce / Perzyce close to Krotoszyn and Zduny; 4 km north of the ex-Prussian border, and east of Baszkow, north of Zduny at the border; her name was Apolonia Kazmierczak, b. 1826, died in 1903. Her daughter was Anna.

Perzyce / Pyrzyce belonged to the separate property, which was owned by Aleksander Mielzynski. Bestwin was part of the Baszkowo estate, owned by above Aleksander Mielzynski. The Piaski farm was the part of above named Baszkowo; since ca 1730 to the Sulkowskis; then to Maksymilian Mielzynski, but Aleksander Mielzynski lost them; next to duke Reuss.

Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski b. 1813 - Baszków, died in 1885 - Torino / Turyn / Turin; he was the son of Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski 1780-1842; the grandson of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738- 1799; the great-grandson of Andrzej Mielzynski 1698-1771 {see more below !}.

Jan Nepomucen Uminski joined the Army of the Republic of Poland and took part in the failed Kosciuszko Uprising of 1794 as an adjutant to General Antoni Madalinski. Following the Polish defeat, he escaped Russian-held Poland. In Dresden, he served as an emissary of the Society of Polish Republicans and General Jan Henryk Dabrowski.

2.
Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski b. 1813 in Baszków, the Krotoszyn County, died in 1885 in Turin, Italy; was son of Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski and Brygida Szczaniecka; husband of Katarzyna Potulicka of Wiecbork; father of Wladyslaw Mielzynski.
Above Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski b. 1780, d. 1842 in Karczew, the Otwock County, son of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski {born in 1738 in Laszczyn, the Rawicz County, died 1799 near Pawlowice}, and Konstancja
[Konstancja Mielzynska nee Hutten-Czapska b. 1749, d. 1813 was daughter of Jakub Hutten-Czapski of Brest region in BELARUS - son of Piotr Hutten-Czapski; and also Rozalia Ewa Hutten-Czapska was the daughter of Piotr Aleksander Hutten-Czapski];
Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski was brother of Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski and Józefa Kozminska.

3.
Wirydianna / Wirydiana Mielzynska Bninska b. 1718 - d. 1797 was daughter of Wojciech Bninski and Katarzyna;
WIRYDIANNA was the wife of Leon Raczynski and Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski.

Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski 1729-1792 had children with Wirydianna but we have not any more data: Józefa Krystyna Nepomucena b. 1760, and Franciszek Ignacy Alojzy / Franciszek Ignacy Alojzy Placyd Mielzynski born 1764.
Above Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski 1729 - 1792, was son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682
{Franciszek's brother was Krzysztof Mielzynski 1670 - 1721, son of Maciej Mielzynski and named above Krzysztof was father of Andrzej Mielzynski b. 1698 - Andrzej was father of: Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski Count
(MAKSYMILIAN was born in 1738 in Laszczyn, the Rawicz County, died in 1799 near Pawlowice, son of above Andrzej; Maksymilian was the father of: Katarzyna; Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski the 1st Count b. 1778
[[Stanislaw Kostka 1st was husband of Prowidencja Zaremba {Prowidencja Honorata Mielżyńska nee Zaremba was born in 1787, d. 1827, marriage after 1800} with children:
Leon Tomasz Mielzynski, Filipina Sczaniecka born Mielżyńska, and Eleonora Laura Hutten-Czapska]];
Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski, and
Józefa Kozminska);
and Andrzej was father also of Krystyna Barbara Róza Sczaniecka; Owidiusz Rafal Mielzynski; Franciszek Mielzynski; Zofia Hutten Czapska; Joanna and Florian}
and Krystyna Skalawska.


Feliks Marian Mielzynski, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 2nd b. 1840, and Aniela Helena born von Rönne. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 2nd was born in 1840, in Baszków; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gorzdy / GARGZDAI, Lithuania now.
Feliks Marian Mielzynski, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 2nd, b. 1840, and grandson of Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski, 1813-1885 + Css Katarzyna Potulicka, 1817-1855 in BASZKOW.
Named above Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski, 1813-1885 was the son of Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski 1780-1842 and Brygida Sczaniecka 1775-1859.
Css Katarzyna Potulicka, 1817-1855 was the daughter of Teresa Konstancja Seweryna Mielzynska Potulicka, 1797-1867, and granddaughter of Prokop Mielzynski, 1763-1800.
Count Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski was the son of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799 + Konstancja Hutten-Czapska 1749-1813.

Above PROKOP MIELZYNSKI was the son of Maciej Mielzynski of Radziejów, 1733-1793.

Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski 1780 - 1842 [see below], was the branch of Andrzej Mielzynski 1698 - 1771.

Above Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski born in Goscieszyn, 1698 - d. Pawlowice, 1771, married in 1734 to Anna-Petronella / Anna Petronela BNINSKA [c. 1720 - Glogów, 1770], with son Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski b. 1737 / 1738 + Konstancja Czapska.

Mentioned above Feliks Marian Mielzynski, 1871 - 1910, had one sister Anna Maria von Wolmar Komorowska born Mielzynska.

Above ANIELA von Ronne Mielzynska was half sister of Kazimierz Anastazy Karol Lubomirski [+ Zenaida Holynski daughter of Michal Holynski of the Mscislau province {see Konstantynowicz and Soino}] and Wladyslaw Lubomirski.
Aniela RONNE was born in 1832, in Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor / Gorzdy, Lithuania now {ex-border to East Prussia}.
Felix II / Feliksas von Rönne, born ca 1797 - died in 1857, was owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai; that is Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 [or 1797] or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix {1st} Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargzdai / Gargsdai; Feliks 2nd married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka. When Felix von Rönne died, his daughter, above named Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei {see Krotoszyn, Baszkow and Bilewicz - Angela Merkel} taken the estate land with Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor, then son of above Baron - Eugenijus Ronne / EUGENIUSZ RONNE.
Above Felix II / Feliks Filip was father of mentioned Eugeniusz von Rönne and above named Aniela Helena Mielzynska of BASZKOW close to Krotoszyn. Aniela Helena Mielzynska / Mielzynska (born von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons) was born 1832, in Gorzdy [Garsden / Gargždai - at first owned by the Oginski family - then 1781 to Otton Henryk Igielstrom; here died Gabryela nee Oginska, 1v. Edward Krasicki, 2v. Eugeniusz Ronne, she was b. 1830, d. 1912 / 1919 Gorzdy / Gargzdai]. Note on the Gargždai estate: Gargždai was an estate of the Rönne family; in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir / Kazimierz Oginski; also to Sapieha in 1786; then Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; F. and E. Rene / Rönne.

Note on
Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski Count the 1st b. 1778 in Rabin, d. 1826, Pawlowice. He was the son of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski and Konstancja;
father of Anna Maria F. Teodozija Volmeriene; Elzbieta Mycielska; Filipina Sczaniecka; Leon Tomasz Mielzynski, and Eleonora Laura Hutten-Czapska; brother of Katarzyna Mielzynska; Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski and Józefa Kozminska. Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski 1780 - 1842, was the branch of Andrzej Mielzynski 1698 - 1771.

Above Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski b. 1738 in Laszczyn, the Rawicz County, d. 1799 close to Pawlowice.
He was the son of Andrzej Mielzynski and Anna Petronela;
father of Katarzyna Mielzynska; Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski the 1st; Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski and Józefa Kozminska; brother of Krystyna Barbara Róza Sczaniecka; Owidiusz Rafal Mielzynski; Franciszek Mielzynski; Zofia Hutten Czapska; Joanna Mielzynska; and Florian.



The triangle of the Mielzynski family: Chobienice - Baszków - Radziejow.

Wirydianna / Wirydiana Mielzynska Bninska b. 1718 - d. 1797 was daughter of Wojciech Bninski and Katarzyna;
WIRYDIANNA was the wife of Leon Raczynski and Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski [see below].
Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski 1729-1792 had children with Wirydianna but we have not any more data: Józefa Krystyna Nepomucena b. 1760, and Franciszek Ignacy Alojzy / Franciszek Ignacy Alojzy Placyd Mielzynski born 1764.
Above Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski 1729 - 1792, was son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska.

Franciszek's brother [Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682] was Krzysztof Mielzynski 1670 - 1721, son of Maciej Mielzynski and named above
Krzysztof was father of Andrzej Mielzynski b. 1698 -
this Andrzej [Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski b. 19.10.1698 + Anna Petronella Bninska b. ca 1720] was father of:
Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski Count

(this MAKSYMILIAN was born in 1737 or 1738 in Laszczyn, the Rawicz County, died in 1799 near Pawlowice, son of above Andrzej; Maksymilian married to Konstancja Czapska b. 1749, d. 1813 [daughter of Jakub CZAPSKI] and he was the father of:
Katarzyna Regina born 1775 + PROKOP RUFIN MIELZYNSKI [see below];
Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1st, Count b. 1778
[Stanislaw Kostka MIELZYNSKI 1st, was husband of Prowidencja Zaremba with children:
Leon Tomasz Mielzynski / Leo Mielzynski b. 1811 m. Felicia Potocka;
and and three daughters: Eleonora Laura Hutten-Czapska / Eleonore Mielzynska, 1815 - 1875, 1st wife to Karol Czarnecki, and 2nd to Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Sulpicjusz Hutten-Czapski with her son Bogdan Hutten-Czapski];
and Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski born ca 1780 [+ Brigitta Szczaniecka],
and Józefa Kozminska);

and Andrzej was father also of Krystyna Barbara Róza Sczaniecka; Owidiusz Rafal Mielzynski; Franciszek Mielzynski; Zofia Hutten Czapska; Joanna and Florian.

Now about Mielzynski of Radziejów / Radziejów Kujawski:

Piolunowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów, south-west of BADKOWO; west of WIENIEC; landowner Mikołaj Roskowski, then since 1616 - Mielżyński, and in 1631 - Stanisław Legocki.

RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejów in 1762; he was living 1733-1793
[son of Franciszek Walenty Mielżyński {Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska}; father of Prokop Mielżyński - see above; Anna Maria Mycielska and Józef Mielżyński Count; brother of Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielżyński - see above !];
his wife Seweryna Lipska b. ca 1750, died in 1804 - Chobienice [see: Count Jan Mielzynski b. 1831 - Chobienice].

Named above Maksymilian (Maksymilian Antoni Jan), son of Andrzej and Bninska [Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski b. 19.10.1698 + Anna Petronella Bninska b. ca 1720], born 1737 / 1738, MP in 1773, had the right of succession to the property after a father [Adam Dadzbog Baranowski] of his great-grandmother Teresa Baranowska, that is Grocholno, Rospedek, Debogóra, Lankowice, Malice, Gromadna, Spióry, Bak, Tupadl, Siernik, Szamocin Lastkowy, but he has assigned in 1771 to Maciej MIELZYNSKI all above properties; he taking over his father's pledge of assets: Zytowiecko, Mala Leka and Grodziszczko, and bought all named in 1771 from hands of Jan Nepomucen Mycielski.
From hands of Duke Antoni Sulkowski, bought in 1791
Zduny and villages: Perzyce, Borownica, Chachalnia, Ujazd,
Baszków !,
Bestwin, Trzaski, Trafary, Kobylin and Rembiechów, Dlugoleka, Bartoszek.
Maksymilian Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in 1799, and he put away a part of land property Konary in 1772, to his wife Konstancja Czapska, and Rozalia nee Czapska.
His daughter Józefa (Józefa Nepomucena Rozalia Konstancja Franciszka), b. in Rabin, 1773, m. 1790 in Pawlowice to Augustyn Kozminski, but she died in 1792 in Wronki. Next daughters: Helena, died in Rabin in 1774;
Katarzyna (Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia), b. Rabin, 1775, m. in Pawlowice in 1793 to Prokop Mielzynski; she died in 1817.

Czolowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów.

Bodzanowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Dobre; the royal village, which L. Mielzynski since 1616 has received in the pledge; in 1789 - Aleksander Modlinski. 1795 - gen. Henryk Rudolf Bischofswerder; the village is situated 11 km west of BADKOWO.

And others inf.:
Mikolaj MIELENSKI the 2nd, son of Mikolaj the 1st and Iwienska, died in 1621; his son Mikolaj the 3rd, and daughter Zofia remained under the care of Mikolaj Mielzynski, and of Krzysztof and Jan; in Kruchowo in 1622, they bring on a contract with Piotr Mielzynski who apply for a hand of named Zofia; in 1623 Mikolaj Mielzynski, and Andrzej Brzeski, sold Ostaszkowo and Brachowo, and in 1634 above Mikolaj the 3rd Mielenski sold to Mielzynski named above Kruchowo, Strzezewo, Jastrzebowo and Grabowo.



"Aliyah to Israel during the refusenik era" - Refusenik was an unofficial term for individuals, typically but not exclusively Soviet Jews, who were denied permission to emigrate by the authorities of the former Soviet Union and other countries of the Eastern bloc [by Wikipedia].
The coming to power of Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union in the mid-1980s, led to major changes, and most refuseniks were allowed to emigrate.
The family of Sheryl Kara Sandberg helped to them; she is an American technology executive, activist, and author. She is the Chief Operating Officer of Facebook and founder of Leanin.org / the Lean In Foundation.
Sheryl Kara Sandberg born 1969, is an American technology executive, activist, and author. Widow of David Bruce Goldberg - son of Mel Goldberg. Sheryl Sandberg has set her goal early. "... From changing the stereotype of gender in the professional world because she doesn't believe that gender is the thing that can hold anyone back, she tries to change how people see gender and women, and treat them equal".
Sheryl Kara Sandberg is the oldest of the three children of Adele (née Einhorn), a French language college teacher, and Joel Sandberg, an ophthalmologist.
Her mother ADELE was also an English teacher who co-founded Ear Peace-Save Your Hearing, a nonprofit that teaches teens how to prevent hearing loss, with a Restaurant Noise Survey:
"... The decibel levels in the arena were so loud that she and her husband began putting tissues in their ears in an attempt to muffle the noise. (They later used earplugs after learning that tissues do not provide adequate protection.) Adele was especially concerned when she saw how many young people, even babies, were being exposed to sound levels that could permanently damage their hearing".
See http://dangerousdecibels.org - current partners are the Oregon Hearing Research Center at the Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) and Portland State University (Department of Health Communications), and University of Northern Colorado.
ADELE's father:
EINHORN Benjamin, born 1915; the father of Robert Einhorn, Stephen Einhorn + Nancy, above Adele Sandberg + Joel, and grandfather of Hayley Siegel, Heather Einhorn, and Sheryl Sandberg m. Dave Goldberg, also of David Sandberg + Amy, and Michelle Bodnick + Marc.
EINHORN Benjamin was the President of Adelphi Paint and Color Works, Inc; he was a supporter of the American Institute for Economic Research. Adelphi Paint and Color Works, Inc - has been set up in 1975 in state NY, now in NORTH MIAMI BEACH, FL.
Sheryl Kara Sandberg is the Chief Operating Officer of Facebook and founder of Leanin.org / the Lean In Foundation. Sandberg was born in Washington, D.C. to a Jewish family. The Sandberg's family was active in helping the Soviet Jews.
Her parents were detained and expelled from the USSR [1975] before the family moved abroad to the U.S.,
settling in Florida when Sandberg [1971] was two years old.
Sandberg's family was active in helping Soviet Jews make aliyah to Israel. They had Soviet Bar and Bat Mitzvah twins.
They were detained and interrogated in Kishinev and later expelled from the USSR in 1975.
English teacher, Adele Einhorn and ophthalmologist Joel Sandberg, in "armed hundreds of tourists with letters, books and jeans and sent them to the Soviet Union to meet with refuseniks and gather information ... The case histories of refuseniks were published and distributed to media, members of Congress and activists worldwide. ... made sure refuseniks got medicines they needed. When they learned the Soviet regime was forcing some refuseniks into psychiatric hospitals, having deemed them crazy for wanting to leave, they made noise. ... Adele and Joel Sandberg present their book of refusenik case histories to Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin, 1978. In 1975, ... the couple made their only trip to the Soviet Union. Their unintended last stop was Kishinev (now Chisinau), the capital of Moldova. After passing through a group of KGB men keeping watch outside an apartment building, they climbed the stairs and knocked on the door of Mark Abramovich, the leader of the city's refusenik community. ... The three officials wanted to know who sent them, where they'd been, who'd they'd seen. ... they'd be released came suddenly: 'There's a train going to Romania, and you'll be on the train'. ... So they got on the train to Romania. For four days in Romania, while they waited for a flight to the West ... they landed in Vienna...".
The Sandbergs' oldest daughter, Sheryl, was raising awareness with her own brand of activism. She was sending letters to her Soviet "twin," Kira Volvovsky.
Kira's parents first applied for exit visas in 1974. Her father taught Hebrew and Jewish studies underground. He wanted nothing more than to go to Israel. Nobel laureate and Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel wrote about Kira's dad in The New York Times. Konstantin Kraz was born in Leningrad, USSR (now St. Petersburg) and moved to the United States when he was 7 years old. Along with his role in RJeneration, Konstantin is also a member of the Council of Young Jewish Presidents. Lenny Gusel founded RJeneration (previously called 79ers) in San Francisco in 2001. Irina Feygina travelled the refugee route just before the fall of the Soviet Union from Moscow to New York. Jenny Kapelyan came to New York from Minsk (now in Belarus) in 1979. A founding member of the board and RJeneration Treasurer, she also serves as the organization's Chief Voice of Reason. Lisa Klig is originally from Kiev, Ukraine and immigrated to the US in 1992. Misha Gorn was born in Tomsk, Siberia and moved to the United States with his family in 1992.

At http://jewishbusinessnews.com [under copyright by jewishbusinessnews]:
"...It was no coincidence that Sandberg chose Howard University in Washington, D.C. ... Sheryl Sandberg took to the podium last week [October 2013] in Washington, D.C.'s Howard University to discuss the launch of her LeanIn.org web site's campus initiative at a lecture held at the University's School of Business. ... Ms. Sandberg found the time in the midst of her highly challenging position at Facebook to author Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead, which has since spawned the website initiative, LeanIn.org. ...
In 2012 Sheryl Sandberg was named in the Time 100, an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world according to Time magazine. Ms. Sandberg’s personal wealth is reported to be in the region of $400 million, thanks to her stock holdings in Facebook as well as other companies. ... Sheryl Sandberg was born in Washington, D.C, ... Ms. Sandberg graduated Harvard College ... being awarded the highly prestigious John H. Williams Prize for the top graduating student in her subject. While studying at Harvard, Ms. Sandberg first got to know Larry Summers who was teaching at the college. After graduation Summers asked Sheryl to join him as his research assistant at the World Bank reporting on important health projects funded by the bank in India.
Sheryl was to remain at the World Bank for around twelve months during 1993, before enrolling at the Harvard Business School ...
Sheryl Sandberg began her professional career as a management consultant for McKinsey & Company, before the meeting her professional association with Larry Summers, by then United States Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Bill Clinton.
From 1996 to 2001, Sandberg held the role of Summer's Chief of Staff, playing a major part in the Treasury's mission of forgiving debt in the developing world. Ms. Sandberg left the Treasury to join Google Inc. in 2001, remaining there until early 2008, when she was appointed by Facebook to become their COO. Sheryl Sandberg is a key figure in the Facebook management team...".

Above The World Bank [under copyright by Wikipedia] is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. It comprises two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), and the International Development Association (IDA). The World Bank is a component of the World Bank Group, which is part of the United Nations system. On 23 March 2012, U.S. President Barack Obama announced that the United States would nominate Jim Yong Kim as the next president of the Bank.

Mentioned Larry Summers - Lawrence Henry "Larry" Summers is an American economist who is President Emeritus and Charles W. Eliot University Professor of Harvard University. Summers became a professor of economics at Harvard University in 1983. He left Harvard in 1991, working as the Chief Economist at the World Bank from 1991 to 1993. In 1993, Summers was appointed Undersecretary for International Affairs of the United States Department of the Treasury under the Clinton Administration.
In 1995, he was promoted to Deputy Secretary of the Treasury under his mentor Robert Rubin [under copyright by Wikipedia]. After his departure from Harvard, Summers worked as a managing partner at the hedge fund D. E. Shaw & Co.,
and as a freelance speaker at other financial institutions, including Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers.
Summers was born in New Haven, in 1954, into a Jewish family, the son of two economists, Robert Summers (who changed the family surname from Samuelson) and Anita Summers (of Romanian-Jewish ancestry), who are both professors at the University of Pennsylvania.

Above named D. E. Shaw & Co., L.P. [under copyright by Wikipedia] is a global investment management firm founded in 1988 by David E. Shaw and based in New York City. ... The company has made investments in technology, wind power, real estate, and financial services firms. The subsidiaries of the company acquired the toy store FAO Schwarz and eToys.com.

Above mentioned David Elliot Shaw born in 1951 [under copyright by Wikipedia] is an American computer scientist and computational biochemist who founded D. E. Shaw & Co., a hedge fund company which was once described by Fortune magazine as "the most intriguing and mysterious force on Wall Street". In 1986, he joined Morgan Stanley.
Shaw is married to personal finance commentator and journalist Beth Kobliner. They are members of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in New York.

Named above Beth Kobliner born in 1965 [under copyright by Wikipedia] is a personal finance commentator and journalist, and author of the New York Times bestseller Get a Financial Life: Personal Finance in Your Twenties and Thirties.
Above Kobliner grew up in a Jewish family ...
she worked for Sylvia Porter.

Sylvia Field Porter (1913 - 1991) [under copyright by Wikipedia] was an American economist, journalist and author. The daughter of
Russian Jewish immigrants, was born as Sylvia Feldman in Patchogue, New York, to Louis Feldman, a physician, and Rose (Maisel) Feldman. Porter was born as Sylvia Field Feldman. In February 1966 Porter advised President Lyndon B Johnson
on the appointment of Andrew Brimmer, the first African American to the serve on the Federal Reserve Board. She married banker Reed Porter in 1931.

Named above FAO Schwarz, founded in 1862, was once the oldest toy store in the United States. FAO Schwarz was sold to Netherlands-based NV Koninklijke Bijenkorf Beheer / Vendex/KBB, in 1990.

Named Robert Rubin / Robert Edward Rubin born in 1938, an American lawyer, former cabinet member, and retired banking executive. He served as the 70th United States Secretary of the Treasury during the Clinton administration. Before his government service, he spent 26 years at Goldman Sachs, eventually serving as a member of the board and co-chairman from 1990 to 1992;
co-chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations, serves as chairman of the board of the Local Initiatives Support Corporation, the nation's leading community development support organization, and serves on the board of trustees of Mount Sinai-NYU Health.
Rubin was born in New York City, the son of Sylvia (nee Seiderman) and Alexander Rubin, a wealthy Jewish family. He joined Goldman Sachs in 1966.
Robert S. Strauss credited Rubin with making the system work.

Robert Schwarz Strauss, 1918 - 2014, his service dates back to future president Lyndon Johnson's first congressional campaign in 1937.
"... [at Wikipedia] By the 1950s, he was associated in Texas politics with the conservative faction of the Democratic Party led by [LYNDON] Johnson and John Connally.
He served as the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee between 1972 and 1977 and
served under President Jimmy Carter [see ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI] as the U.S. Trade Representative and special envoy to the Middle East.
Strauss was selected by President George H. W. Bush to be the U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1991 and after the USSR's collapse, he served as the U.S. ambassador to Russia from 1991 until 1992.
...
Strauss was born in Lockhart, Texas, south of Austin. He was the son of Edith Violet (nee Schwarz) and Charles H. Strauss. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Germany".
Charles H Strauss, b. ca 1886 in Alsace, France. Husband of above named Edith Violet Strauss (Schwarz) b. ca 1887 in Lockhart, in the Caldwell County, Texas, United States; she was the daughter of Leo Schwarz, of Dzierżoniów and Selma Schwarz; above Leo Schwarz, of Dzierżoniów b. 1854 in Dzierzoniow, in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship at present, Poland, died in 1931 in Fort Worth, Texas.
Above LEO was the son of Heinrich Chaim Schwarz, Rabbi and Julia Nathan.
Named above Selma Schwarz nee Weinbaun or Weinbaum, born in 1861 in Germany.


Named above McKinsey & Company has been provided strategic advice to corporations since 1926, by James O. McKinsey,
who had left his academic career as a professor of accounting at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business in 1935.
James Oscar McKinsey b. 1889, was the founder of McKinsey & Company.
"...More current and former Fortune 500 C.E.O.s are alumni of McKinsey than of any other company, a list including Google C.E.O. Sundar Pichai, Facebook C.O.O. Sheryl Sandberg, Morgan Stanley C.E.O. James P. Gorman...".
"Marvin Bower is credited with establishing McKinsey's culture and practices in the 1930s based on the principles he experienced as a lawyer". Marvin Bower born 1903, a management consultant; graduated from Harvard Law School in 1928; then attended Harvard Business School, graduating in 1930; worked as an associate at Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue in Cleveland.
Jones Day is an international largest law firm in the US. The international expansion of Jones Day began in 1986 when the firm merged with boutique law firm Surrey & Morse.

Above named Pichai Sundararajan born 1972, an Indian American business executive. Pichai is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Google Inc. in 2015.

Mentioned above James P. Gorman is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Morgan Stanley. The Morgan Stanley corporation, formed by J. P. Morgan & Co. partners Henry S. Morgan (grandson of J. P. Morgan), Harold Stanley and others, in 1935. In 2004, the firm led the Google IPO, the largest Internet IPO in U.S. Morgan Stanley acquired the Canary Wharf Group. Canary Wharf Group plc is a British property company headquartered in London.


"MEANWHILE: Hooking Up the Vatican Hot Line", by JAMES M. RENTSCHLER and INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, on OCT. 30, 1998 at www.nytimes.com:
"... an American president, inspired by the elevation of Cardinal Karol Wojtyla as the first Pole to become Pope, began a secret initiative that some believe altered the course of the Cold War. The word came from David Aaron, deputy to President Jimmy Carter's National Security Council chief, Zbigniew Brzezinski: "Zbig's got the president excited about this. They sense an enormous sea change in East-West relations." Mr. Aaron made me his DP, his "designated papist." The White House wanted an entire planeload of VIPs in Rome for the Oct. 22 investiture. ... Thomas P. (Tip) O'Neill and the Polish-born Mr. Brzezinski himself - both Roman Catholics, both heavy-hitters in Mr. Carter's party. ... too: Senator Edward Muskie and Representatives Clement Zablocki and Barbara Mikulski, all Carter loyalists and all of Polish origin. ... "It's the beginning of the end for communism!" exulted Ms. Mikulski in Rome at a U.S. Embassy lunch of rare oratorical exuberance. ... In great secrecy, Mr. Brzezinski also initiated Mr. Carter's historic Cold War move, working with the man whose power and influence inside the Holy See were second only to the Pope's himself. This was Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, the Vatican secretary of state ... He and Mr. Brzezinski opened a private channel between the White House and the Holy See, which National Security Council operatives inevitably dubbed the Vatican hot line. It was a link that Jimmy Carter and John Paul II soon made operational with a personal correspondence of extraordinary breadth. ...".

At www.concordatwatch.eu:
"...1976, a Polish Archbishop, Karol Wojtyla, visited the US and had tea with a Polish-born American, Zbigniew Brzezinski. Though the following year saw changes for both of them, they kept in close touch: Brzezinski was appointed President Carter's national security adviser and Wojtyla was elected pope. ... Brzezinski 'had intuited before others the strategic importance of Poland as the Achille's heel of the Communist colossus'. He convinced President Carter that the new pope, John Paul II, was the key to bringing about 'an enormous sea change in East-West relations'. ... He would later say, 'I believe that Pope Wojtyla first of all strengthened the confidence of the Polish nation, convincing citizens that their disapproval of Communism was universally shared and that the entire world and the Catholic Church supported Poland. This had an incredible transformative effect - it was an impressive catalyzer of energy'. ... Brzezinski's brainwave of harnessing religious zeal to beat communism had two extreme though opposite effects. The force of Christianity was a major factor in undermining Soviet communist domination of East Europe. Its lands turned around to embrace democratic change, a pro-Western orientation and a market economy in a still-evolving process. In Asia and the Middle East, Carter's national security adviser resorted to fundamentalist Islam to defeat communism. The CIA-supported Mujahideen did indeed drive the Red Army out of Afghanistan. But this same religious weapon eventually became a boomerang against America. It spawned Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda, the Islamic jihadist terrorist movement dedicated to destroying the West and its values".

Above mentioned David Laurence Aaron born 1938, in Chicago, is an American diplomat who served in the Jimmy Carter administration. He then joined the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency where he served as a member of the U.S. Delegation to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. In 1974, on the recommendation of Zbigniew Brzezinski, Aaron became Senator Walter Mondale's legislative assistant. In 1977, Aaron was asked by Zbigniew Brzezinski to become Deputy National Security Advisor in the administration of Jimmy Carter. In Israel, Aaron worked with Moshe Dayan.
When Reagan became President in 1981, Aaron moved into the private sector, becoming Vice President for Mergers and Acquisitions at Oppenheimer and Co. and Vice Chairman of Oppenheimer International.
Aaron was involved in the election campaign of Bill Clinton.


Note to above mentioned Moshe Dayan, 1915 - 1981, who was an Israeli military leader and politician, commander of the Jerusalem front in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, chief of staff of the Israel Defense Forces (1953-58), Defense Minister; was born at Kibbutz Degania Alef, in Ottoman Empire; his parents, Shmuel and Devorah Dayan, were Jewish immigrants from Ukraine. Dayan's parents moved to Nahalal, the first farming cooperative, to be established. Dayan was a Jewish atheist. Above Shmuel Dayan b. 1891, a Zionist activist during the British Mandate of Palestine, born in the town of Zhashkiv in the Russian Empire, in Ukraine. Zhashkiv / Жашків / Żaszków is situated south of FASTOW, Biala Cerkiew - and south of SKWIRA - see Trocki and Krzyzanowski.
Shmuel Dayan joined the Zionist movement before 1908, emigrated to Palestine, then under Ottoman rule in 1908. He was also one of the earliest settlers in Degania, though he left in 1921 to help establish Nahalal. As one of the leaders of the Moshav Movement, he made many trips to the United States and Poland as a Zionist emissary.
See: Oliphant family -
Sir Anthony Oliphant and his son Laurence are the first people to grow tea in Ceylon. Sir Anthony's son, Laurence Oliphant, went on become a Member of the House of Commons. Laurence Oliphant was the only child of Sir Anthony Oliphant (1793 - 1859), a member of the Scottish landed gentry. Laurence in 1848 - 1849 was in Europe, travel in Russia at the Black Sea in 1853, visited the Circassian coast during the Crimean War. Laurence Oliphant b. 1829, d. 1888.
His father Anthony Oliphant (1793 - 1859) was Chief Justice of Ceylon and Attorney General in the Cape Colony; grew up at Condie House / Newton of Condie in Forgandenny, Perthshire. Newton of Condie is in the parish of Forgandenny and the county of Perthshire. FORGANDENNY, a parish in the district of Eastern Perth, county Perth, and county Kinross, Scotland, 7 km or 4 miles S.S.W. of Perth. Freeland is the seat of Lord Ruthven, Rossie - 6 km south of above FORGANDENNY - that of the Oliphants, and Condie of the Oliphants, which families are here the principal proprietors. When the Oliphant family left Ceylon, the estate sold to Sir Harry Dias.
In 1879, Oliphant left for Palestine, where he promoted Jewish settlement for Jewish suffering in Eastern Europe. This was the first wave of Jewish settlement by Zionists in 1882 in the Galilee. Oliphant settled in Haifa, and on Mount Carmel. 1888, in the United States married to Rosamond, a granddaughter of Robert Owen.

Now we back to Shmuel Dayan who served as Deputy Speaker of the Knesset and
was living in Zhashkiv / Żaszków; in the Taraszczansk county, owned by Drozdowski, then Jan Tarnowiecki and Antonella Tarnowiecka in 1803; his son Jan junior died in 1852; next to Bonawentura Rakowska and then to Dionizy / Dyonizy Rakowski; in 1895 half of the propert was owned by Tulczynski - the Jewish family.

See: Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira, Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk! See Ascher Ginsberg!
SEWERYN was a poor invalid, both his feet are paralyzed, and he never quits his chamber; his company, M. Onufry Pietraszkiewicz, his nurse, a German.
Very interesting reading:
Captain Franciszek Majewski, was authorized to set up the Lodge by the Edinburgh, whose members he knew during his stay in England; The TEMPLARS [Templariusze] acted until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdichev. Many of the Templars were also members of Patriotic Society, like Lieutenant Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski. The Patriotic Society also spread to Lithuania, where reached the Masonic circles; The Templars Masonic Society was founded in 1820 in Volyn. The arrests, which took place in 1825, after the military coup of the Decembrists, resulted in detection of the Patriotic Society. The Special Committee qualified to judge eight of its members, recruited from the Polish Kingdom
[Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew; or in Kaski in the Minsk government ?]:
Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski / Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira; Captain Franciszek Majewski, Wojciech Grzymala, Stanislaw Soltyk [!], priest Konstanty Dembek, Stanislaw Zablocki, Andrzej Plichta and Roman Zaluski.
MAJEWSKI Franciszek (1781- died after 1837), was son of Stanislaw Majewski and Barbara Zabinska; he was Captain, Freemason, founder of the Templars Society, served Polish army in 1806. After returning to the country in 1817 he joined the Polish army, established contacts with a Masonry, because of his Scotland patent, and was admitted to the lodge "Temple of Isis"; he had the title of member of the Supreme Chapter of the Edinburgh, and founded the Templars Society; the first member was a former colonel P. Lagowski in Warsaw in 1819. In January 1820 adopted several new members and acted under the care of the Grand Master of the Templars - Duke of Kent
{the modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with named above Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna]}.
Most members of the Templars entered the Patriotic Society.
In 1836 Majewski obtained the right to return to the country; Roman Sanguszko recommended him to his parents, and then Majewski lived in Slawuta as a resident close to Sanguszko. Prince Paweł Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz / Paul Carl Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682-1752), a Court and Grand Marshal of Lithuania, second married to Marianna Lubomirska {1st}, heiress of Ostroh / Ostrog
{Princess Marianna Lubomirska, 1693 - 1729, a daughter of Grand Marshal of the Crown Józef Karol Lubomirski, and Princes Teofila Ludwika Zasławska, the daughter of Prince Władysław Dominik Zasławski and Katarzyna Sobieska - sister of King of Poland Jan III Sobieski; Marianna married Prince Paweł Karol Sanguszko and had son Janusz Aleksander Sanguszko, Court Marshal of Lithuania, who married Konstancja Denhoff, the daughter of Stanisław Ernest Denhoff},
but main residence was above Slawuta / Slavuta (now in Ukraine);
then Slawuta to Hieronymous Sanguszko (1743-1812); after partitions of Poland, Eustachy Erasmus Sanguszko fought during the Kosciuszko Uprising and Napoleon's Russian campaign - his son, named above Prince Roman Sanguszko, participated in the November Uprising, and was exiled to Siberia.

Note on Ascher Ginsberg:
Baron Solomon Benedict de Worms (1801-1882) was an Austrian aristocrat, plantation owner in Ceylon; stockbroker in London. His father was Benedikt Moses Worms (1769-1824) and his mother, Schonche Jeannette Rothschild. He had two brothers, Maurice Benedict de Worms (1805-1867) and Gabriel Benedict de Worms (1802-1881).
His maternal grandfather was Mayer Amschel Rothschild.
Baron Solomon Benedict de Worms (1801-1882)
spending some time in London, next went to Ceylon to build one of the largest plantations; 1865, he returned to London and worked as a stockbroker. His son: George de Worms was born 1829. His uncles, who owned plantations in Ceylon with his father, were Maurice Benedict de Worms and Gabriel Benedict de Worms. He served as Justice of the Peace for Middlesex, the City of Westminster and Surrey. Grandson: Anthony Denis Maurice George de Worms was born 1869. He was a Fellow of the Royal Philatelic Society and the Royal Society of Literature. Mentioned above Maurice Benedict de Worms was born in 1805 in Frankfurt, Germany. Together with his brother Gabriel, he travelled to the Far East in 1841 and purchased a plantation in Ceylon. They sold the plantations in 1865. The Ceylon Company Limited was the first to import tea seeds from India, and Jenkins, was the Manager of the Ceylon Company Limited.

Acc. to 'nwoobserver.wordpress.com/key-information-for-new-readers':
1773 - "Mayer Amschel Rothschild assembles twelve of his most influential friends, and convinces them that if they all pool their resources together, they can rule the world. This meeting takes place in Frankfurt, Germany. Rothschild also informs his friends that he has found the perfect candidate, an individual of incredible intellect and ingenuity, to lead the organization he has planned - Adam Weishaupt".

Wissotzky Tea Ltd., with the London office established in the tea area of the city in 1907 by one of the greatest Russian Jewish philosophers, Ginsburg / Ahad Haam, from "1907 to 1922, was to purchase tea through the London auctions and to take responsibility for Wissotzky's British operations. During this period, the company acquired plantations in both India and Ceylon, and continued to flourish in Russia and western Europe".
The Wissotzky Tea is family owned tea company based in Israel with offices in London and the United States; founded in 1849 in Moscow by Kalonimus Wolf Wissotzky / Kalman-Volf / Vulf Yankelevich; he was born in Zagarė; by 1904 the company extended its activities to Germany, France, New York and Canada.
In 1907 Wissotzky establishes the Anglo-Asiatic company with its head offices in London, managed by Ahad Ha'am, with plantations in India and Ceylon; 1917, Wissotzky Tea Company was the largest tea company in the world;
the Wissotzky family emigrated to the U.S. and Europe, opening branches in Italy and Gdansk / Danzig, Poland; in London it was managed by Boris Lourie; in Poland was run by Solomon Seidler, a tea specialist. In 1936 Simon Seidler, the son of Solomon Seidler, left Poland for Palestine. In 1945, Boris Lourie married Anna Wissotzky, and had two sons, Serge Lourie (born 1946) and Michael Lourie (born 1948). In 1936 Simon Seidler established a Wissotzky hub in the Middle East.
Above Žagarė / Žagare / Żagory / Zhagar is a city located in the Joniškis district, northern Lithuania, close to the border with Latvia [see KOMOROWSKI].
Rabbi Yisroel ben Ze'ev Wolf Lipkin / Yisroel Salanter (1810-1883), the father of the 19th-century Mussar movement in Orthodox Judaism, was born there and Isaak Kikoin (1908–1984), a Soviet physicist. Yom Tov Lipman Lipkin 1846 - 1876 was a Lithuanian Jewish mathematician and inventor, the youngest son of Rabbi Yisroel Salanter.
Klonimos Wolf Wissotzky / Wolfe Yankelevich / Kalman-Wolf / Wolf Kalonimus Vysotsky b. 1824 in Old Zhagora / Žagarė; died 1904, Moscow, the founder of 'V. Vysotsky and Ko', Wissotzky Tea; philanthropist and activist Hovevei Zion in Russia; settling in Moscow in 1858, in 1903 Vysotsky controlled 35% of the tea market in the Russian Empire.
He was a friend of the writer Ahad Ha'am (1907 - 1921 Ahad Ha'Am headed tea firm in London). Was an honorary member of the Одесски комитет Общества вспомоществования евреям земледельцам и ремесленникам в Сирии и Палестине / the Odessa Committee of the Company's welfare Jews farmers and craftsmen in Syria and Palestine. In 1884 he participated in the conference Hovevei Zion movement in Katowice. In 1885, as a representative of the movement Hovevei Zion, he visited Eretz Israel for examining the situation of the Jewish settlements - in 1908 Tehniona in Haifa.
His son David Vulfovich V. Vysotsky born 1861 d. 1930.
And grandsons: 1. Fedor Davidovich Vysotsky 1879 d. 1933, tea-dealer, a board member of the V. Vysotsky and Co; 2. Alexander D. Vysotsky 1881 d. 1937, socialist revolutionary, member of the All-Russian Constituent Assembly, was shot, teacher, resident in Barnaul, arrest: 1937.08.17, convicted 1937.11.06.
And great-grandson: Leonid Vysotsky, lived and worked in London.

Одесский комитет or Общество вспомоществования евреям земледельцам и ремесленникам в Сирии и Палестине / the Odessa Committee / The Society for welfare Jews farmers and craftsmen in Syria and Palestine / The Odessa Palestinian society, an organization in Russia created at the Congress in Druskininkai (1887). The first meeting of the society was held in Odessa in 1890, with the representatives of the movement Hovevei Zion; 1891 - А. Гринберг (1841–1906) / A. Grinberg.
Ahad Ha'am visited Eretz Israel in 1891 and 1893; in 1900, Baron E. Rothschild gave supports of Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel; the Odessa Committee organized in Odessa, Istanbul, Beirut, Jaffa, Jerusalem and Haifa network of information offices.
But the second source wrote:
Ascher Ginsberg - Ahad Ha'am (1856 - 1927) and Theodor Herzl for several years were at the head of the Zionist movement and were called the founders of Zionism; close friends of Herzl were Max Nordau, and Professor Richard Gotheyl;
Asher Ginsberg was born in Skwira / Skvyra, the province of Kiev, Russian Empire, in 1856 (see: Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira, Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk!).
Ginsberg learned to read in Russian and German; in 1868 the Ginsberg family moved to Gopisgitsa (near by Lubowicze?), to 1886. In 1878 he traveled to Odessa, traveling and studying Latin, mathematics, history and geography. 1882 to 1884 he visited Vienna, Berlin, Breslau, and studied the French, German, English and Russian philosophers; in Vienna, he met with Karl Netter, founder of the World Union of Israel or Alliance Israelite Universelle, interested in the plans of the 'Union' of Jewish colonization; he joined the Kagan (close to B'nai B'rith); 1884 Ginsberg, returned to Russia to Odessa. This city was then the center of Union Hovevei Zion that is the Friends of Zion with Leon Pinsker. 1886, Ascher Ginsberg finally settled in Odessa, and in 1889 the founder of Jewish newspaper 'Hamelits' Alexander Tsederbaum came to Odessa, met with Ginsberg, then Asher Ginsberg founded a secret society Bne Moshe / Sons of Moses; 1890, Asher Ginsberg became the director of the Hebrew newspaper Keveret. General collection of his works was published in 1895, under the title The Crossroads. In 1896, Ginsberg became one of the directors of the Jewish community edition Ahiazafa in Warsaw, and in 1896 received a large grant from K. Wissotzky, from Moscow, and founded the monthly journal Ha Shiloah; Ginsberg and his followers took part in the First Zionist Congress held in Basel in 1897. No less than Herzl, Ginsberg also wanted Palestine, and in 1884, the Independent Order of B'nai B'rith has made the first attempt at combining Western and Eastern Jews, in Katowice / Kattovitsa, during a general meeting. The same thing happened at the Basel Congress in 1897, carried out their own plans for Jewish colonization in Palestine.

In South Africa a Russian immigrant named Benjamin Ginsberg (not Ginsburg!), whose family had long traded in European teas, recognized the marketing potential of the South African rooibos tea / bush tea / mountain tea, and Ginsberg in 1904 became the first exporter of rooibos. Benjamin Ginsberg, the Founder of Rooibos Tea, b. 1890; Benjamin Ginsberg, a young Russian from a Moscow tea merchant family (see: Ginsburg from Odessa, Nagasaki, Colombo!), joined his trader father in the Cederberg in 1903. Benjamin started buying Rooibos and reselling it in other areas, he applied ancient Chinese tea curing techniques. He sold his 'Mountain Tea' to settlers in the Cape and shortly became the first exporter of rooibos using contacts of the family tea business.


Now on the above ZAGARY / Zhagar manor on the north Lithuania border:
it is located north-east of PLUNGE; the west of KURMENE of the KOMOROWSKI, and north of SIAULIAI, also north-west of JONISKIS - see ZUBOV.

The Plunge Manor is a former Oginski residential manor in Plunge. Oginski was a Lithuanian diplomat, and polish composer. Plunge is situated 44 km north-east of Gargzdai {here wa my mistake - "north-west"} [see Krotoszyn and Mielzynski; see Angela Merkel]; 1806 to 1873 Plunge belonged to Platon Zubov, and later to the OGINSKI / Oginskis / Oginskiai, who built a palace here in 1879.

Above Prince Platon Alexandrovich Zubov b. 1767, died 1822, was the last of Catherine the Great's favourites and the most powerful man in Russian Empire; he had several siblings, including Nicholas, Valerian, and Olga Zherebtsova. "It was through his distant relative, Russian Field Marshal Nicholas Saltykov, that he met the Empress. Saltykov presented the young officer to the court on the understanding that Zubov would then help Saltykov in his feud with Catherine's long-standing favourite, Prince Potemkin".
See: Walewski, Potocki, Kalinowski, Lubomirski and Wola Pszczolecka, also Billewicz and Zubov / Zubow!
Above Platon Aleksandrovičius Zubov died in JONISKIS / Joniškis [at half of way from Siauliai to Mitawa / Jelgava, now in north Lithuania], was son of Александр Николаевич Зубов and Елизавета Васильевна Воронова; partner of Sofia Leontievna Przysylonska; father of Sofja Platonovna Pirch; Александр Платонович Платонов; Константин Платонович Платонов; Валериан Платонович Платонов; Никанор Платонович Платонов; and Aleksandra Platonovna Zubova. He was brother of Olga Alexandrovna Zherebtsova; Count Valerian Zubov; Vasili Zubov and Anna Khorvat / HORVAT and so on.

Note on the above Gargždai estate:
Gargždai was an estate of the von Rönne family; in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir / Kazimierz Oginski; also to Sapieha in 1786; then Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; and F. and E. Rene / Rönne.

Walerian Billewicz the officer in Dyrwiany Małe in 1788-1795, d. 1785? or 1795.
Dyrwiany - Dirvonėnai is situated on the west of Siauliai, north of Raseiniai.
Walerian Billewicz was father of
Joachim Billewicz; Anna Piłsudska; Józef Billewicz; Joachim Billewicz; Wojciech Billewicz; Eufrozyna Białłozor and Emiliana.
Kazimierz Piłsudski b. ca 1750, d. ca 1820, officer in Raseiniai / Rosienie, married in 1786 in Krakes [Krakes - east of Raseiniai], to above named Anna Billewicz 1761 - 1837.


Now a brief note on Shimon Peres born Szymon Perski, 1923 - 2016, who was the ninth President of Israel, 2007 to 2014. He was chosen by David Ben Gurion, Israel's founding father. Shimon Peres was born in Wiszniew, Poland / Vishnyeva, Belarus, to Yitzhak (1896-1962) and Sara (1905-1969 née Meltzer) Perski. Peres learned Polish at school.
His father was a wealthy timber merchant; mother was a librarian. Peres' grandfather, Rabbi Zvi Meltzer, a grandson of Rabbi Chaim Volozhin, had a great impact on his life.
Above Vishnyeva is located north-west-west of Wolozyn. Вишнево / Vishnevo / Wiszniew, now is near the border with Lithuania.

Below some on the Wolozyn county:

33 km on the south-east is situated Iwieniec;

Oziembłowo (later named Dzierżynow) - or Dzierżynowo / Дзяржынава, by the Usa river [400 m.], ca 100 ha. Дзяржынава - 53° 50'9.70"N, 26° 32'28.81"E - inside the complex of the great forests; 6 km north-west of Rudnia Pilnianska and 12 km north-west of Mieshici, 13 km from Hotova [all south-west of Iwieniec and south of mentioned above Wolozyn]. Dzierżynowo / Дзяржынава / Дзержиново: formerly Oziembłowo, including the manor house, currently lies in the Minsk region, about 15 km south-west-west of above Iwieniec; north of Prudy and north-east of Naliboki; close to Pietrylovichi. It was a family nest of Dzierżyński, for a time leased (to 1875) by Edmund Dzerzhinsky for others; here in 1877 was born Felix Dzerzhinsky. Here were killed two of his brothers: Stanislaw and Kazimierz. Previous name - Oziembłowo is listed in the Geographical Dictionary. The name was changed after the birth of Felix.
Dzierżyńscy were neighbors of Rutkowski of Podgórze, located in the Naliboki Forest.
Dzierzynska Lucija / Lucea Wilhelmowna, 1887 - 1943, was the wife of K. E. Dzierzynski, who was the brother of Feliks Dzierzynski. German wife. 1941 working for German in Iwieniec. Catholic. Nagotko Kazimierz son of Jozef Nagotko, next of kin with Faliks Dzierzynski, living in Tiesnowo, the Iwieniec area, his wife Anna; died in 1944 from hands of Polish; buried at a cementery of Kamien. Kazimierz and Teresa Nagotko were living after 1944.
The Dzierżyński family settled in assets of Oziembłowo (later named Dzierżynow) and were neighbours of Karol Adam / Charles Adam Rutkowski [Edmund Dzerzhinsky, the owner Oziembłowo].
Witold Rutkowski son of Charles Adam and Kazimierz Dzerzhinsky son of Edmund Dzierzynski came together to Warsaw during the study.
Kazimierz Dzerzhinsky joined the Academy of Veterinary in Dorpat (Tartu, now Estonia). He came therefore to Dzierżynow, and to Warsaw at the Technical School of Wawelberg and Rotwand. He lived in lodgings with Witold Rutkowski, but he was arrested and then he went to Germany, in Frankfurt am Main, then moved to Karlsruhe. Rented apartment with a family of Italian origin - Schiotti. He fell in love with the daughter of the owners Lucy Schiotti and married.

Benedykt Bułhak circa 1630 / 1650 - 1698, son of Konstanty Kazimierz Bułhak and Anna, husband of Eufemia, father of Mikołaj Bułhak; Jerzy Piotr Bułhak b. ca 1665 / 1675 and Szymon Bułhak b. ca 1660 / 1680?
Above BENEDYKT was the owner of Ostrówka close to Mir, Janowszczyzna near by named above Iwieniec, Nowodwórek, Osipowszczyzna, Nacz, Puszcza Moszukowska, Domatkanowicze close to Kleck, Połoneczka by Dzwieja.
Above Mikołaj Bułhak b. circa 1670 / 1695?, son of named Benedykt Bułhak and Eufemia, husband of Katarzyna and Marianna, was the father of Florian Stanisław Bułhak ca 1695 - 1745?

(above FLORIAN's sons:
1. Florian Bułhak circa 1730 / 1750? - 1806, his mother Krystyna, husband of Helena Bułhak, father of Jan Antoni Franciszek Bułhak
[this JAN b. 1795 and d. in Worończa, 1866, husband of Julia, father of Karolina Karpowicz; Antoni Bułhak; Walery Antoni Stanisław Bułhak; NN Bułhak (his wife Aldona nee Dzierżyńska, by Urszula Ewa Skarżyńska); Barbara Bułhak and Helena Kiersnowska (wife of Aleksander Kiersnowski, mother of Adam Kiersnowski and Karol Kiersnowski) and one other]
and Maciej Bułhak;
2. Józef Bułhak 1723 - 1783;
3. Jan Bułhak 1719 - 1779;
4. Wincenty Bułhak 1720 - 1780? owner of Michałowo close to Stołowicze and Kroszyn in the Nowogrodek county, served for Maciej Radziwiłł from Połoneczka - his son Gabriel??;
5. Ignacy Józefat Bułhak;
6. Jerzy Onufry Bułhak [see below !] and
7. Władysław Bułhak).

Aldona Kojallowicz Bulhak nee Dzierzynska, 1870 - 1966. Her husband Gedymin Jerzy Bulhak b. 1856 - his father Rudolf Jerzy Bulhak 1824-1894; grandfather Chryzostom Stanislaw Bulhak b. 1789.
Great-grandfather was Jerzy Onufry Bulhak [see above].
Children of Jerzy Onufry Bulhak:
Chryzostom Stanisław Bułhak, Beata Bułhak, Krystyna Bułhak, Ostroberta Bułhak and Julian Bułhak.
Acc. to Дрозд Дмитрий - mentioned above Julian Bulhak / Yulyan Bulgak bought land in the Igumen district in 1859 - the estate Matseevich / Matsevichi / Mateevichi from the landlord Lisowski (of Bulhak in 1867-1913); somewhere in 1890, he bought the estate Bluza (Bluza close to Poddiegtiarnia, north-west of Talka, ca 26 km north-west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze / Asipovichy, and west of Lipien of Bulgak / Bulhak family) from hands of Sophia Prosor / Zofia Prozor - Swietorzecka / Sventorzhetski, owned in those places. The Prozor family was near by to Malkiewicz - Horodecka Izabela [see SWOLNA]. Probably not Lisowski but the Lipovskii / Lipowski family.

And next famous person - Chodzko, L. J. B. / Léonard Jakób Borejko / CHODZKO Jacques, Leonard, Victor / Leonard Borejko Chodzko was born 1800/10/26 in Hruzdowo-Oborek / Hruzdowo / Oboreck / Oborek / Hruzdów at Nowogródek voivodeship, the Wołożyn county.
Полочаны / Połoczany - 14 km south-west of Molodeczno, and 20 km north-east of Wolozyn - area; the neighboring villages among others things: Gruzdovo / Hruzdówka village, Hruzdowo village, Oborek farm, Oborek cottage, Oborek village [on way from Poloczany to Chozewo, north-east of Litwa village and Poloczany, north of Iwieniec and Terlecki-Oziemblowski-Dzierzynski core, south-east of Zalesie of Oginski - Neri].
Leonard Borejko Chodzko died in 1871; he was a Polish historian, geographer, cartographer, publisher, archivist, and activist of the Great Emigration. At the University of Vilnius he was a member of the Philomaths in 1816 with Adam Mickiewicz, Tomasz Zan (in Molodeczno) and Józef Jezowski. 1819 was the personal secretary of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Cleophas Oginski, with whom he left Russia in 1822; 1822 - 1826 Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and England; he settled in Paris in 1826. Friend to Col. Joseph Zaliwski, Joachim Lelewel, Marie Joseph de La Fayette and Victor Hugo. Member of the Society of Lithuania and Russian Territories; a member of the Polish National Committee; the Revenge of the People, in 1833; persecuted by the Russian Embassy in Paris; 1833 - 1834 in the United Kingdom; returned to Paris; he published Michael Cleophas Oginski's Memoirs in four volumes in French in the years 1826-1827; Histoire de les légions polonaises en Italie, Les Polonais en Italie, Histoire populaire de la Pologne in 1863; Biographie du géneral Kosciuszko.
His wife was Olimpia nee Maleszewska b. 1797, d. 1889, daughter of Piotr Pawel Jan Maleszewski b. 1767 (his daughters: Victoire Clementine de Laqueuille m. Alfred de Laqueuille b. ca 1780, Olimpia Chodźko, Adela Mortier; copyright by Leszek Mila), who was son of Maria Wiśniewska b. ca 1740 and Michał Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski duke b. 1736 in Gdańsk, and grandson of Stanisław Poniatowski.
Acc. to Carlos Federico Cantarito Bunge Molina y Vedia: above mentioned Stanisław Poniatowski b. 1676 in Chojnik / Gromnik, was the son of Franciszek Poniatowski, and was the father to Kazimierz Jakub Poniatowski, Franciszek, Aleksander, Ludwika Maria Zamojska, Izabela Antonina Mokronowska - Branicka,
Stanisław II August Poniatowski King of Poland,
Andrzej Poniatowski, and above named Michał Jerzy Ludwik.

Note!
Zalessie (Zalesie), Залессе / Залесье / Залессе, ca 11 km south-east of Smorgon, ca 60 km north of Iwieniec
(also Januszkowcze / Januszkowiczi ca 15 / 18 km north of Iwieniec; Bielarucz / Bielaruczi / Беларучи in the Логойский район, close to Aliekszycy, 19 km south-west of Lohojsk / Logoisk, 27 km north of Minsk core; Józefa Dzierżyński married to Kazimierz Obrycki, owner of Słobodka near by Białorucz, he was born ca 1825, his father Joachim Obrycki b. ca 1800; and Januszkowicze / Янушковичи 15 / 18 km north of Iwieniec; south-east of Volozin, close to Piershai),
and ca 70 km north of mentioned above Dzierzynowo / Oziemblowo; ZALESIE was a farm and property of Ogiński.
Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Cleophas Oginski lived here, b. 1765 - d. 1833, composer, diplomat, one of the leaders of the Kosciuszko Uprising 1794.

MARIA TEKLA von Ronne OGINSKA / Marija Tekle Oginskiene was sister of:
1. Anton / Antanas von RONNE, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas, who had daughter Olimpia (1829-1861), married FELIKS OGINSKI / Felix Prince Oginskis (1828 or 1830-1880 / 1893), son of Ksawery Oginski
[that is Franciszek Ksawery 1801-1837 and Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832. Franciszek was son of above Michal Kleofas Oginski 1765-1833];
2. Felix II von RONNE / Feliksas, born ca 1797 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai [see Mielzynski of Krotoszyn and Angela Merkel];
3. Ludowika (Liudvika) b. ca 1805, unmarried;
4. Theodora (Teodora) b. ca 1807, married to KSAWERY OGINSKI
[that is mentioned above Franciszek Ksawery 1801-1837 who married to Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832 with son above named Feliks Oginski 1828-1893 + 1st wife in ca 1840 to Olimpia von Rönne 1829-1861, daughter of Antoni von Rönne].

So just you remind that the Oginskis land estates in Belarus had a huge impact on the family Oziemblowski and Dzerzhinsky [see Zalesie, Iwieniec, Retow at my domain].
Here, only one step to JOZEF / Joseph Oziemblowski [son of Onufry Oziemblowski b. ca 1780 ?] and Smokowski next of kin to the Konstantynowiczs - they together were friends to Jan Rustem in Wilno.
In 1878 above Józef Oziemblowski / Ozieblowski died [b. 1805 in Minsk or 1804, died in Wilno] and also Boleslaw Ozieblowski died in 1878 - son of mentioned Józef [Boleslaw died in Pskowie in Jan. 1878; he was born in 1834].
STEFANJA OZIEBLOWSKA 1849 - 1934, was daughter of above Józef.
Named above Onufry Oziemblowski b. ca 1780, had grandson Wieslaw Oziemblowski b. 1840 to father from MINSK, who was b. 1805. Jozef Oziemblowski was friend of Jan Rustem (b. 1762 Stambul, d. 1835 in Puszki near Dukszty).
Jan Rustem b. 1762 in Konstantynopol, died in 1835, Dukšteliai / Duksztialiai / Dukštas in Lithuania, was a painter of Armenian ethnicity, was sponsored by Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, back to Poland around 1774, among his tutors were Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine and Marcello Bacciarelli; 1788 and 1790 in Germany, where he became a freemason, then in Warsaw, later moving to Vilna;
1789 he worked in the theater of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Casimir Oginski in Slonim - to 1798;
in Wilno was as assistant to Franciszek Smuglewicz, his students were Taras Shevchenko, Józef Oleszkiewicz, Kanuty Rusiecki, and Michal Kulesza.


Before Karol Wojtyla's choosing to Pope, a strange events in the Vatican took place.
Pope Saint John Paul II / Jan Paweł II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła in 1920, was Pope from 1978 to 2005. He was elected by the second Papal conclave of 1978, on 16 October, after eight ballots.

Pope John Paul I died in September 1978, 33 days after his election. His papacy is for Catholics what the Kennedy administration has always been for Americans.
On August 26th, 1978 in Rome, Albino Luciani had been elected the 263rd Pope. Taking the name John Paul I, Luciano would become the shortest serving pope in recent history. Just 33 days later he was dead. On September 28, 1978 [or 29th September], John Paul I, was found dead in his bedroom. It's only at 8.00 AM of September 29, 1978, the news of the Pope's death starts making rounds. "... The suddenness of the death, together with the Vatican's difficulties with the ceremonial and legal death procedures (such as issuing a legitimate death certificate), have resulted in several conspiracy theories".
David Yallop in 1984 wrote the theory that the pope was in "potential danger" because of corruption in the Vatican Bank.
And is known to have involved the bank's head, Paul Marcinkus, along with Roberto Calvi of the Banco Ambrosiano, a member of P2, an illegal Italian Masonic lodge, who was found dead in London in 1982. Yallop disclosed the Masonic Lodge numbers of the Curia members in his book. Some investigators have suggested Luciani may have been murdered for delving too far into the dealings of the Vatican bank and its alleged ties with the mafia and the P2 masonic lodge. Paul Marcinkus, head of the Istituto per le Opere di Religione, turned to Michele Sindona, a international financier with links to both the mafia and the illegal P2 masonic lodge.
"... Banco Ambrosiano was accused of laundering drug money for the Sicilian Mafia, led by Filippo Barbagli, which used Propaganda Due("P2"), a mobbed up Masonic lodge, as an intermediary. P2 and its Worshipful Master, Licio Gelli, were also involved in financing right wing terror groups during the 1970s. Marcinkus was not tried in Italy, where courts ruled that he possessed diplomatic immunity. He retired to Sun City, Arizona (US) where he died on February 21, 2006...".
The Vatican Bank was accused of money laundering in the aftermath of World War II, as the Vatican provided passports and escape routes to South America for its Nazi and Fascist allies. "...By the 1970's a quasi-Masonic order known as P2 had virtually taken over the bank and was fully involved in laundering money for the mafia and other drug businesses".
The Vatican Bank was Banco Amrosiano's main share-holder. Archbishop Paul Marcinkus, head of the IOR [Vatican Bank] from 1971 to 1989, was indicted in Italy in 1982 as an accessory in the $3.5 billion collapse of Banco Ambrosiano, one of the major post-war financial scandals.
Above Michele Sindona (1920 - 1986) was an Italian banker, a member of Propaganda Due - a secret lodge of Italian Freemasonry, and had clear connections to the Sicilian Mafia. He was fatally poisoned in prison.
Propaganda Due / P2, was a Masonic lodge founded in 1945, was headed by Licio Gelli.
Licio Gelli, 1919 - 2015, was an Italian financier, chiefly known for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal. He was revealed in 1981 as being the Venerable Master of the clandestine lodge Propaganda Due (P2).
Malachi Martin's book "...proposes the theory that the pope was murdered by the Soviet Union because he would abdicate the benign policy of his two predecessors, John XXIII and Paul VI, towards accommodating communism, and once again condemn it as an atheistic totalitarian ideology.
Martin believed that the church structure was infiltrated for decades by illuminati agents who reached positions of high influence and rank, such as Jean-Marie Villot, at that time Cardinal Secretary of State".
Now brief note about the Masonic cardinals: Luciani immediately investigated the Vatican Bank and wanted to clean house of any prominent prelates who were Freemasons. "... Six men in particular, stood to lose a great deal if Pope John Paul I remained in power. These were - Marcinkus, Villot, Calvi, Sindona, Cody and Gelli".

"...The fall-out from the tragic events of 1982 still reverberate, and the police file on the death of Roberto Calvi, head of Banco Ambrosiano in Milan, is still open. It was that bank's close links with the Vatican ... Just before the sacking of the head of the Vatican Bank, an Italian journalist, Gianluigi Nuzzi, published His Holiness: The Secret Papers of Benedict XVI. ... the bank, founded by Pope Pius XII in 1942 ... Roberto Calvi, often referred to in Rome and beyond as 'God's banker' because of his involvement with the Vatican Bank. ... David Yallop added considerable substance to the widow's claim. He traced the bizarre relationship between Calvi and Archbishop Paul Casimir Marcinkus, head of the IOR (Institute for Religious Works), better known as the Vatican Bank. First appointed by Pope Paul VI in 1971, Marcinkus provided cover for Calvi's overseas operations, while being in the dark about Calvi's links to the Mafia and a sinister Masonic lodge known as P2. It has since emerged that P2 was enormously influential, counting among its members former government ministers, retired generals, top bankers and members of the Italian secret service. ... Michele Sindona (later jailed in the US). He entered the picture in Rome soon after the promotion of Marcinkus. 'Sindona, who had manoeuvred his way to becoming owner of one of the biggest Italian merchant banks, apparently convinced the financially untutored Marcinkus it was high time the Vatican began to enjoy the fruits of its huge assets', wrote Yallop. Marcinkus's big mistake was to provide Calvi with 'letters of patronage' ... on behalf of the Vatican Bank, letters which amount to a quasi-legal guarantee. Calvi used these quite unscrupulously and recklessly to establish other banks and 'shell' companies in Panama, the Bahamas, Luxembourg, Lichtenstein and South America. ... The day before his death Graziella Corrocher, 55, his longtime secretary, jumped from the fourth floor window of Bano Ambrosiano's headquarters in Milan. ... As for Markincus, he was quietly moved out of Rome in 1990. He went back to Chicago and worked in a local parish. He adamantly refused all requests for interviews about the Banco Ambrosiano and Roberto Calvi affair ... continued to play golf and he died on Feb 20, 2006. ... He had been head of the Vatican Bank for nearly two decades. Marcinkus was born in Cicero, a tough suburb of Chicago, in January 1922, ... meet influential friends, among them Cardinal Francis Spellman, Archbishop of New York. ... Marcinkus was also befriended by a top Italian prelate, Archbishop Giovanni Battista Montini, who in 1963 would become Pope Paul VI. ... In March 1989, Archbishop Marcinkus was dismissed from his post as president of the Vatican Bank. He ended his Vatican career in October 1990 with a brief statement that Pope John Paul II had agreed to his request to be allowed return to the US. ...
a claim made by John Cornwell in his 2005 book ... Speaking of the Pope's support for the Solidarity trade union movement in Poland and its leader Lech Walesa,
Cornwell highlights the transfer of funds from Rome to Poland to help anti-communist forces in the Pope's native land. 'There are indications that John Paul gave Lech Walesa's movement $50m; the sum was probably donated through the services of the Vatican Bank, run during that period by Archbishop Paul Casimir Marcinkus ... There was a rumour that the money was passed to Solidarity via Roberto Calvi'.
The transfer of funds to Poland is also supported by the research done by Carl Bernstein for his book His Holiness (co-authored with the Italian journalist Marco Politi).
Bernstein is, of course, famous for his other book All the President's Men (written with Bob Woodward) which tells the story of how their investigative reporting for the Washington Post exposed the Watergate scandal ... Bernstein wrote that 'Solidarity drew its strength from the Pope' ... Calvi came from a banking background. He was born into the upper middle-class home of a Milan bank director in 1920, and studied commerce and economics at Bocconi University. After World War II ... he joined his father's bank and then took a low-level post with Banco Ambrosiano in 1947 ... to become bank president in 1974...";
all above in 2012 by O'Mahony, © Irish Examiner Ltd. - All rights reserved.

Above named Paulius / Paul Marcinkus (1922 - 2006) was an American archbishop of the Roman Catholic Church, and the President of the Vatican Bank from 1971 to 1989. Marcinkus was born in Cicero, Illinois, the son of Mykolas, of the Russian Lithuania; he lived in Pittsburgh, then in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin; Marcinkus arrived in Rome in 1950; Marcinkus was assigned to Bolivia in 1955 and Canada in 1959; "in 1979, Marcinkus was reported as having been targeted by the Red Brigades, a far-left terrorist group ... On September 26, 1981, Marcinkus was appointed Pro-President of Vatican City. In 1982, he thwarted an assassination attempt against Pope John Paul II in Fatima, Portugal...".
Mentioned above Paul Casimir Marcinkus b. 1922 in Cicero, Cook, Illinois - Al Capone's neighborhood; son of Mykolas Marcinkus and Helen Lenartasaite.
We know on Mykolas Marcinkus / Marcinkevicius / Martinkevicius, born 1853, d. 1920 in Jurbarkas, the Taurage Region, now in Lithuania; son of Motiejus Marcinkus / Marcinkevicius and Petronele Marcinkiene; father of Illiscavitch Martin; Ona Marcinkute / Martinkaityte; Shimansky / Menzencorage); Anthony (Antanas) Martinkus; and Maciulaitiene / Marcinkute; brother of AGATA MACKIEWICZ / Agota Mackeviciene; KAZIMIERA Marcinkus; MICHALINA Bartoszewicz and Maria / Marijona Marcinkute. Above ANTONI / Anthony (Antanas) Martinkus b. 1897 in Pikciunai, Klausuciai, Jurbarkas district municipality, in the Taurage County, Lithuania, died in Barre, MA, United States. Above Petronele Marcinkiene nee Dirzaite b. ca 1810, d. in Veliuona, the Taurage Region, Lithuania.

At 'www.theguardian.com/news/2006' in 2006 by Christopher Reed we read:
"... Marcinkus spent his last days peacefully, playing golf at an Arizona retirement home. He never spoke about the Vatican's tumultuous period after the collapse of the Banco Ambrosiano in 1982 ... Nor would he discuss his associations with shadowy men in Italian finance, including Michele Sindona, a convicted swindler who died in a Milan prison in 1986 after drinking coffee poisoned with cyanide. ... from 1971 to 1989, Marcinkus headed the quaintly named Institute for Religious Works, in reality the Vatican's bank, which managed the Holy See's financial investments ... At the time of the scandal, the institute owned about 1.5% of Banco Ambrosiano, then Italy's largest private investment house ... Its chairman, Roberto Calvi, was friendly with Marcinkus, whose financial position put him near the top of Rome's elite. ... Calvi was convicted of financial misdoings, disappeared during his appeal and, in June 1982, was found hanging under Blackfriars Bridge in London. After reports about his alleged mafia connections, what had at first been thought to be suicide became a murder investigation ... After leaving the bank in 1989, [Marcinkus] stayed on in Rome as governor of Vatican City for a year. ... The mid-1970s scandal involved the Sicilian financier Sindona, who had advised the Holy See and Marcinkus on its investments and assets. His empire crashed in 1974 and the Vatican reportedly lost tens of millions of dollars. Sindona was eventually jailed for life for arranging the assassination in 1979 of the lawyer who had liquidated his failed bank ... Marcinkus himself was indicted in 1982, but a year after Sindona's death he and two executives of the Vatican bank were legally freed...".

The Marcinkus family come from Pikciunai, close to Klausuciai, in the Jurbarkas district; it was situated around 37 km south-east of Raseiniai.
The Raseiniai region i.e. Rosienie / Rossienie is in the Samaites territory. The Bilewicz / Billewicz family lived in Vidukle west of RASEINIAI.
On this side to look for key words: Merkel, Komorowski, Oginski, Suchocka, Bilewicz or Billewicz, Mielzynski, Rönne or RONNE, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski, Pilar Pilchau. Geographers have got few villages and towns: Pawlowice [Mielzynski], Baszkow, Perzyce [see Angela Merkel], Rawicz, Krotoszyn; to village Wola Pszczolecka and Miezonka in BELARUS [Kiedrzynski and Konstantynowicz with link to ARMAND in Moscow - back to BREGUET and DUFLON]; Kurmene / Kurmen and Radkuny [Komorowski], Retow [Oginski], Gorżdy / Gorzdy / Gargzdai / Gargždai [von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE]. The Bilewicz / Billewicz family lived in Viduklė west of RASEINIAI; in Biliūnai close to Raseiniai, south-east; and in the Rosienie (Raseiniai) county [also Bilewicz / Billewicz next of kin to Kazimierczak and Merkel - see Mielzynski and von Ronne close to KROTOSZYN].

ADAM / Adomas Bilevičius, b. ca 1750, was father of Kazimierz Tomasz, and Kasparas Bilevičius [Kasparas Bilevičius, b. ca 1782, d. 1840]; and so on.
Kazimierz Pilsudski - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski - b. ca 1750 / 1760, owner of Zemogile [ZEMYGALA, close to Betygala; ŽEMYGALA / Žiemgala ca 15 km east of Raseiniai] by the Dubisa [Dubysa / Dubīsa] river, and married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Połubiński / Polubinska; she had 4 brothers: Joachim; Józef; Wincenty; Wojciech. The oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka Bilewicz drowned in the river! [see Mielzynski near to Krotoszyn]; next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski; sister Eufrozyna 1760 - 1853 m. Wincenty Białłozor / Biallozor of Poszuszwie.
Kazimierz Pilsudski, of the Rosienie county, d. ca 1820, left son Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1795 in Zemigoly.
Above Anna nee Billewicz Piłsudska (1761 - 1837), was the great-grandmother of Józef Piłsudski. Her father was Walerian Billewicz. Walerian Billewicz the officer in Dyrwiany Małe in 1788-1795, d. 1785? or 1795. Dyrwiany - Dirvonėnai, west of Siauliai, north of ROSIENIE / Raseiniai. Walerian Billewicz was father of Joachim Billewicz; named above Anna Piłsudska; Józef Billewicz; Joachim Billewicz; Wojciech Billewicz; Eufrozyna Białłozor and Emiliana. Kazimierz Piłsudski b. ca 1750 / 1760, d. ca 1820, officer in Rosienie, married in 1786 in Krakes, near Kiejdany [Krakes - east of Raseiniai], to above named Anna Billewicz 1761 - 1837.

Aleksander Billewicz of the Rosienie county [Aleksandras Jurgis Bilevičius / Aleksander Jerzy Billewicz b. ca 1690, died 1764], m. Romer; with 4 sons: Tadeusz of the Mscislau province [see below]; Jerzy; Teodor Billewicz + Kozuchowska of Kalisz; Mateusz + Łopacińska.
Sons of above Mateusz: Józef, MP in 1793; Jan; Ignacy; Tadeusz.
Tadeusz Billewicz d. 1788, of Mścisław in 1783 [see above], had daughter Helena Wazgird (Morykoni) and also he had son ADAM / Adomas Bilevičius [see abowe !], b. ca 1750; who was father of Kazimierz Tomasz; and above named Kasparas Bilevičius; and so on.
Above KASPAR - Kasparas Bilevičius, b. ca 1782, d. 1840, had son
Antoni Billewicz or Tadeusz b. ca 1815, + Helena Michałowska b. 1820, with:
Pranas Bilevicius; Maria Piłsudska / Maria Billewicz (1842 - 1884) + Józef Wincenty Piłsudski (1833 - 1902); Wiktor Billewicz and Zofia Zubow b. ca 1860.
Above ZOFIA: Zofia Zubow nee Billewicz, was born circa 1860, married Włodzimierz Zubow before 1887, with son Włodzimierz Zubow b. 1887 Szawle [Šiauliai / Šiaulē north of Raseiniai] - d. 1959 in Kowno.
The Bilewicz / Billewicz family lived in Teneniai, Lithuania, 50 km south-east of Gargzdai; Tenenie / Teneniai, 38 km north - west of TAURAGE [it was my error - 22 km west of Taurogi], here Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz was born in 1842 [Adamowo / Adomavas near Teneniai], she was mother of Józef Piłsudski.


Adomavas near Teneniai - 18 / 19 km west of SILALE - see Billewicz in 1842 and genealogy of Józef Piłsudski.

SVENDRISKIAI that is probably Swiatoszyn by the Memel River - see Felix I Baron Rönne, and his Renavas / Renowo in 1781. The Neman, Nemunas, Nyoman, Niemen or Memel, is a major Eastern European river. SVENDRISKIAI is located close to Giełgudyszki / Gielgudyszki / Gelgaudiskis, JURBARKAS, Kidnle / Kiduliai, and Szyłgale / Szylgale / Siline ?
Kidule [Kiduliai] - the Manor of Kiduliai has belonged to Paymaster of the Great Duchy of Lithuania, Hieronim Krispin / Jerome Krispinas Kirschenstein. Later to Bishop Jozef Karp / Joseph Nicholas Carp. Later the manor belonged to Russian General John von Ofenberg who founded a wonderful park next to the manor. The Count Tyszkiewicz was the last owner of the manor.
Syntowty (lit. Sintautai) south-east of above Jurbarkas.

Pikciunai, close to Klausuciai [see Marcinkus], is situated 30 km east of Swiatoszyn / SVENDRISKIAI [see von Ronne] and the Panemune Castle / Poniemuń [see: Gielgud, von Ronne, Oginski, MIELZYNSKI].
SVENDRISKIAI that is probably Swiatoszyn by the Memel / Niemen, close to the Panemune Castle is a castle on the right bank of the Nemunas river, in Vytėnai, the Jurbarkas district, Lithuania. The castle was reconstructed around 1759 by Giełgud family.
The Panemunė Castle / Übermemel [Zamek Giełgudów / Panemunės pilis - 15 km east of Jurbork / Jurbarkas], owned by Gielgud / Gelgaudas family, near Kaunas - Jurbarkas highway. Jan Epereysz / Janusz Eperješas in 1604 began to build the castle near to the former old manor Panemunė. It was completed about 1610. Christopher J. Eperješo / EPERJESAS reconstructed the castle [to 1753 in the Hungarian hands]; Baron Igelstrom in 1753 acquired already abandoned castle; in 1759 was bought by the Samogitian nobleman Antoni Giełgud / GIELGUD / Gelgaudas [Antoni Giełgud, 1792-1831]. After 1783 the Castle was reconstructed, but the castle suffered during the 1831 uprising and in 1832 or 1833 Gielgud / Gelgaudas for participation in rebellion had been expropriated [in 1833, the tsarist authorities confiscated the property, which later regained Gielgud's cousins Pusłowski]. Later owned by the state and and rented by different families [1867 - PUSLOWSKI].
Above Antoni Giełgud (1792-1831) was a Polish general, in 1812 he financed and commanded the 21st Infantry Regiment; in 1831 he was a commanding officer of the 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division under Jan Krukowiecki. A hero of the battles of Wawer, Ostrołęka and Białołęka; then he commanded the 2nd Infantry Division, defeated the Russians in the Battle of Rajgród, but his assault of Wilno failed; after the battle of Ponary he can't to return to Polish main forces and moved on Memel, to cross the Prussian border. "... Giełgud himself soon after crossing the border was shot dead by one of his staff officers...", on 31 August 1831 in Schnaugsten / Šnaukštai, Lithuania.
Antoni Giełgud (1792-1831) / Antanas Gelgaudas, was the son of MIKOLAJ GIELGUD / Mykolas Gelgaudas and Eleonora Tyszkiewicz - Lohojska. Antoni was the brother of JOZEF GIELGUD; Ksawery; and Jan Giełgud.
Above Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813; son of Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz; husband of Eleonora; brother of Antonina von Rönne; half brother of LUDWIK / Liudvikas Gelgaudas; Eleonora Giełgud; Ignacy Giełgud; and Sofija / Zofia Tyzenhauz.
Above Antonina von Rönne nee Giełgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Giełgud Tyzenhauz; she was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Ogińska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Ogińska.
Above mentioned Maria Tekla Ogińska / Marya Tekla Ogińska born Rönne, in 1804, married 2nd to Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński, and they had 3 daughters: Natalia Gawrońska born Ogińska.
Marya married 1st Michał Borewicz in 1813! Michał was born in 1774. They had 5 children: Ludwika Teodora Plater-Zyberk; Antoni Hipolit Borewicz and Ludwik Izydor Borewicz.

Pelučiai, the Jurbarkas district - 22 km east of the Panemune Castle / Poniemuń;
Veliuona, close to above Jurbarkas - 20 km east of above Panemune Castle / Poniemuń;
Staciūnai, close to Papartynai - 26 km east of Panemune Castle / Poniemuń.
Gielgudyszki / Gelgaudiskis close to JURBARKAS [see Marcinkus], and Kidnle, near to Poniemuń [see: Gielgud, von Ronne, Oginski, MIELZYNSKI].
Pikciunai, close to Klausuciai [see Marcinkus], is situated 30 km east of Swiatoszyn / SVENDRISKIAI [see von Ronne] and the Panemune Castle / Poniemuń [see: Gielgud, von Ronne, Oginski, MIELZYNSKI].

Below is the genealogy of the Marcinkus family:

AGATA MACKIEWICZ / Agota Mackevičienė / Marcinkutė, b. 1860, died in 1930 in Pelučiai, the Jurbarkas district, in the Tauragė County, Lithuania; buried in Veliuona, close to above Jurbarkas; she was the daughter of MACIEJ MARCINKIEWICZ / Motiejus Marcinkus / Marcinkevičius and PETRONELA / Petronėlė born Diržaitė; wife of JANUSZ MACKIEWICZ / Jonas Mackevičius / Mockus and mother of DOMICELLA / Domicelė Gaudinskienė; BENEDYKTA / Benedikta; JOZEF MACKIEWICZ; JERZY / Jurgis; and ANNA / Ona; sister of MIKOLAJ MARCINKIEWICZ / Mykolas Marcinkus / Marcinkevičius / Martinkevičius; KAZIMIERZ; KAZIMIERA; MICHALINA Bartoszewicz and MARIA.
Above Jonas Mackevičius b. 1853 was the son of STANISLAW MACKIEWICZ / Stanislovas Mackevičius and BARBARA / Barbora Gotautaitė. Above mentioned Stanislovas Mackevičius b. ca 1820?
In named above Pikčiūnai, near to Klausučiai and Jurbarkas, was born ANTONI / Anthony / Antanas Martinkus / Marcinkevicius / Martin in 1897, but died in Barre, MA, United States. He was the son of Mykolas Marcinkus / Marcinkevičius / Martinkevičius and URSZULA DANILEWICZ / Uršulė b. 1859 [MIKOLAJ / Mykolas Marcinkus, 1853 - 1920, son of MACIEJ / Motiejus Marcinkus and Petronėlė Diržaitė b. in 1810; Motiejus was born in 1807. Mykolas had sister Agota Mackevičienė Mockuvienė / Marcinkutė; MIKOLAJ had daughter Stanislawa / Stanislova]. ANTONI m. Alice Albertine Bessie Martin.
Named above Uršulė Marcinkienė Danilevičiūtė / URSZULA DANILEWICZ, b. 1859 in Staciūnai, close to Papartynai and above Jurbarkas; died in Papartynai.


Note on GIELGUD - TYZENHAUZ - WANKOWICZ - RONNE:
Barbara Giełgud Tyzenhauz nee Judycka, ca 1740 [not in 1720 !] - 1784, was the wife of Antoni Onufry Giełgud and KAZIMIERZ / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas
and the mother of MIKOLAJ GIELGUD [Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813, was the son of Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz],
Antonina von Rönne [Antonina von Rönne nee Giełgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Giełgud and Barbara Giełgud Tyzenhauz; she was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Ogińska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Ogińska]
and ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ / Sofija Tyzenhauzienė.
Above mentioned Zofia Tyzenhauz [?? - born ca 1790; acc. to me ca 1780] m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840, with son Aleksander Ignacy Choiseul-Gouffier m. Zofia Hutten-Czapska.
Great-grandparents of above ZOFIA HUTTEN-CZAPSKA were: Franciszek Stanisław Kostka Hutten-Czapski 1725-1802, Michał Obuchowicz, Ludwik Gorski of Retów, 1749-1815, Weronika Joanna Radziwiłł and Kunegunda Karolina Billewicz.

ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ m. 2nd to Antoni Tyzenhauz (1756-1816), General, in 1792 was the president of Wilno, MP in 1790, member of the 1794 Uprising.

Waleria Tyzenhauz, born Wańkowicz, in 1800 / 1805 - 1841 / 1843, was the daughter of Antoni Wańkowicz and Anna Sołtan b. 1780.
Waleria had 2 sisters, among others Klementyna Mostowska born Wańkowicz.
Waleria married Konstanty Tyzenhauz in 1822. Konstanty was born in 1786, in Żołudek, Count, landowner, painter, son of Ignacy TYZENHAUZ and Anna / Marianna Biegańska. WALERIA had 5 children: Maria Anna Waleria Przeździecka, Zbigniew Tyzenhauz and 3 other children.
Above Konstanty Tyzenhauz died in 1853 in POSTAWY / Pastavy, the Vitebsk province.
Ignacy TYZENHAUZ was the brother of Sophie Victoire de Choiseul-Gouffier [Zofia Tyzenhauz - ?? - born ca 1780, m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840].
Konstanty TYZENHAUZ was the brother of Adolf Rudolf Tyzenhauz.
Above Waleria Wańkowicz / Valerija Tyzenhauzienė - Vankovičiūtė b. ca 1800, d. 1841, was the daughter of Antoni Wańkowicz and Anna Sołtan b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790.
Anna Soltan was daughter of Stanislaw Soltan and Franciszka Teofila Sołtan!
Named above Antoni Wańkowicz b. 1758, died in 1812, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz and Anna Świętorzecka.

Named Konstantinas Tyzenhauzas / Konstanty Tyzenhauz b. 1786, was the husband of Waleria Wańkowicz

[Children of Stanislaw Soltan junior:
1. Karolina Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 married after 1800 to Józef Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Anna Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812 son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki; with children:
Waleria Wańkowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wańkowicz, + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Łohojski,
Klementyna Wańkowicz, + Mostowski.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732- 1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.
3. Helena Sołtan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
4. Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
5. Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.

Note:
Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Soltan Carolina born ca 1780; with child:
Walentyna / Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (mother Josepha Benislawska), her child Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to above Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, landowner, member of the January Uprising]

with Zbigniew Tyzenhauz, Helena Tyzenhauz, Władysław Tyzenhauz, Maria Przeździecka and Rejnold Tyzenhauz.

Mentioned above Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas / Kazimierz Tyzenhauz, b. ca 1730 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz - was the husband of Barbara Giełgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauzienė.
Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska,
wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Łowicz;
he was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI; ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano;
father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski;
brother of Teodora Walewska.

Named above Joanna Pułaska b. 1742 in Grabowo, daughter of Józef Pułaski; was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero.

Joachim Daniel Jauch's daughter was Constance Jauch 1722 - 1802; she married Heinrich Lölhöffel von Löwensprung 1705 - 1763, privy councillor and physician to the King Augustus III of Poland. Above Constance Jauch / Konstancja Jauch, 1722 - 1802 or 1723 - 1805 was the daughter of mentioned above Joachim and Ewa Münnich. Konstancja married in 1740 to above Henryk Lelewel von Löwensprung 1703 / 1705 - 1763, with children:
Karol Maurycy of Liw (in 1792) 1748/1750-1830 or 1750 - 1830 m. Ewa Szeluta-Malynicki 1763-1837; and
Teresa b. 1750 m. Adam Józef Cieciszowski 1743-1783.
Named above Karol Maurycy Lelewel (1750 - 1830) married a niece of the archbishop of the MOHYLOW / Mogilev, Kasper Cieciszowski 1745 - 1831. Karol Mauricy Lelewel / Karol Maurycy Lelewel was a Royal Polish captain, a Polish noble, and became a member of Parliament; Karol Mauricy was in 1778 until 1794 the lawyer and treasurer of the Commission of National Education.

Great-aunt of Constance's Lelewel progeny was Jadwiga Walewska (b. 1740 / 1744).

Constance Jauch's grandsons were Joachim Prot LELEWEL and Jan Pawel Lelewel.
Above Joachim Lelewel (1786 - 1861) became Poland's most famous historian. He was a member of Poland's Provisional Government in 1830, was vice-president of the Democratic Society for the Unification and Brotherhood of all People in Brussels; he was a friend of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Gilbert du Motier, of the anarchist Michail Bakunin, marquis de Lafayette, on 29 May is Lelewel's memorial day in the Jewish almanc for his commitment for the Jewish emancipation.

Constance Jauch's granddaughter Anna Cieciszowska was sister-in-law of Magdalena Agnieszka Sapiecha 1739 - 1780 - daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and informal consort of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
Constance Jauch was sister-in-law of Countess Maria Walewska / Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska 1786 - 1817, mistress of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska / Walewski, was born in 1740 / 1744 to Józef Colonna-Walewski and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska. Józef was born in 1700 / 1710, in Walewice.
Jadwiga had brother Atanazy Colonna-Walewski / Anastazy Colonna-Walewski.
Jadwiga married Michal Walewski. Michal was born in 1750, officer in Sieradz. Her daughter was Teodora Walewski Stecki-Olechnowicz.

Above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski died 1763, was the son of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska.
Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski was the father of named above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska, mentioned above Anastazy Colonna-Walewski and Teodora Walewska; Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski was the brother of Marianna Radolinska; copyright by Wanda Krystyna Korzeniewska.

Above Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1730 or 1733, d. 1815 or 1814. He was a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Maria and Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius had one son, Antoni Rudolf Bazyli Colonna-Walewski (he was an illegitimate child); she 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father; her father Maciej was born circa 1740. She had son Rudolf August d'Ornano.
Above Walewski Anastazy / Atanazy was born in 1730 / 1733 / 1735. They had one son Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski. Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.
Above Atanazy / Anastazy Colonna-Walewski b. circa 1730 / 1733 or 1735 was the son of Józef Walewski / Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763, and (Jozefa Colonna Walewska b. before ca 1720 ?) Ludwika WALEWSKA / Ludwika Colonna-Walewska.
Above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763, was the son of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia; brother of Marianna Radolinska, inf. by Andrzej Hennel and Wanda Krystyna Korzeniewska. Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 with children: Ksawery Walewski 1774 - 1824; Teresa; Józefa Brochocka and above Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski 1805 - 1833.
Anastazy Walewski / ATANAZY Colonna-Walewski, was the husband of Magdalena nee Tyzenhauz / Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska, and Joanna Walewska [Anna nee Pułaska, sister of Kazimierz Pułaski], and also Maria d'Ornano [Mary nee Łączyński];
a son from his second marriage: KSAWERY / Xavier Walewski; from the 3rd marriage: Aleksander Walewski (natural son of Napoleon Bonaparte the 1st).
Anastazy Walewski / ATANAZY Colonna-Walewski in 1764 was the Elector of Stanislaw August Poniatowski from the province of Leczyca; he was a member of parliament in 1776; member of the Permanent Council in 1780; 1780, he was awarded the Order of St. Stanislaus. Founder of the palace in Walewice.
Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.
FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki (Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander), married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723.

Named above Teodora Walewska b. ca 1740, died 1812, was the daughter of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika Walewska.
TEODORA was the wife of Kasper Walewski.

Above named
Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, ca 1750-1806, m. above mentioned Teodora Colonna-Walewska b. ? - d. in 1812
(daughter of Józef Walewski of Brzeziny died Jan. 1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. ca 1730, Jozef had children:
a. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 [Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice, close to Łowicz],
b. Jadwiga Walewska m. Michał Walewski of Bochnia and member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784-1795) 1735 / 1740 - 1806,
c. Teodora Colonna-Walewska ? - 1812, m. in 1768, in Bielawy to above Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806),
with children:
Antoni Colonna-Walewski 1774-1846 m. Julia Libiszowska
{Julia Colonna-Walewska nee Libiszowska, 1810 - 1866, daughter of Izydor Libiszowski and Modlińska. Izydor was born in 1780. Julia married Antoni Colonna - Walewski in 1830; Antoni was born in 1774 to Kasper 1750-1806 and Teodora Walewska; his grandparents: Marcin Walewski of Sieradz 1700-1761, Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, Józef Walewski of Brzeziny 1720-1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. 1730}
and 2nd to Marianna Dąmbska;
Felicja Colonna-Walewska m. Józef Weryha-Darowski
(with children: Teodora Domicella Urszula Weryha-Darowska 1802-1859, Klementyna Weryha-Darowska 1810-1865 m. Władysław Stadnicki, Bolesław Weryha-Darowski 1810 / 1811 - 1874, Józef Wincenty Szymon Weryha-Darowski 1812-1849 m. Helena Amalia Józefa Mieroszewska 1819-1908, with: Bolesław Weryha-Darowski 1839-1905, Roman Weryha-Darowski, Adam Weryha-Darowski, Helena Weryha-Darowska 1842-1918, Maria Weryha-Darowska 1845-1896, Barbara Weryha-Darowska 1847-1929; Wiktor Werycha-Darowski 1818-1873);
Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska 1780-1840,
Konstancja Barbara Colonna-Walewska 1780-1852,
Marianna Colonna-Walewska m. Aleksander Antoni Jan Rożniecki;
Feliks 1780-1809;
Julia Agnieszka Colonna-Walewska 1789-1857 m. Ignacy Badeni 1786-1859;
Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1792-1837.


Brief inf. on the Raseiniai region:

Ca 1550 in the Raseiniai region i.e. Rosienie / Rossienie in the Samaites territory: the Poszeszow estate in the middle of the 16th century lived the KONSTANTYNOWICZs.
The Raseiniai region i.e. Rosienie / Rossienie in the Samaites territory: the Poszeszow estate, and also in the parish of Sartyniki (or Sartininkai) in the place Komcie where stayed Jan and his son Waclaw Konstantynowicz with Bowel (or Bowels) coat of arms, called Svarplovich i.e. nickname Szwarplowicz c. 1650 and others A.D. 1799. In Vilna (i.e. in Wilno A.D. 1841) authorized the arms of them. To this lineage were related the Konstantynowiczs with the Fox proper arms from Pileszyszki in the Kaunas (here in 1766) district; they derived from famous Michno Konstantynowicz. Only one of the Kaunas branch was verified in Vilna A.D. 1910 and information about four lines of this branch were lacking.

Mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski [see also Konstantynowicz from Estonia and Kazan] was countess Maria Kalinowska. Probably she was born after 1805 - ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski. The genealogy of Maria Kalinowska has to be proven, but it appears that the family was listed below: mother Emilia nee Potocka b. 1790 who married Kalinowski and second time married to Czeliszczew; father Josif / Jozef / Osip Kalinowski b. after 1780 ? and died 1825. Grandfather Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 and grandmother Elzbieta Bielska from Olbrachcice b. ca 1760 [see Bielski from the Czestochowa region]. Above Emilia Potocka Kalinowska - Czeliszczew, was born 1790 and her parents: Protazy Antoni Potocki b. 1761 and mother Marianna Lubomirska (Zubow, Potocki, Uwarow) born 1773 or Marianna Elzbieta Lubomirska b. ca 1766 - 1810.
The Kalinowski family [see Wola Pszczolecka, and Komorowski, Kaczynski, Walewski, Armand and Paszkowski - Konstantynowicz] in 1818 under the Austrian Empire acc. to Okolovich taken the count title with the Kalinowa coat of arms, given on 17 August 1818 by Franciszek I / Francis emperor of Austria. The first with this title was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski from the Volhynia and Ukraine branch of the Kalinowski / Kalinovsky family. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
Josef / Osip Kalinowski general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790,
Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
Justyna Kalinowska m. Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 had son Władyslaw Kalinowski (we know also on Józef Kalinowski b. 01 Sept. 1835 in Vilnius / Wilno, his father Andrzej Kalinowski b. 10 Dec. 1805 or January 10, 1805 in Grodno and died in Hrozow 1878 (Trokiele), the Wilno Uniw.; his grandfather Jerzy Kalinowski b. ca 1780 or 1773 by wife Dorota Kulakowska - Kosciesza / Rosciesza; great-grandfather Krzysztof Kalinowski - b. ca 1750).

Children of count Jozef Kalinowski:
Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852, Jozefina married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844 and also Olga born 1822 died 7 April 1899 in Retow
(Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district in Lithuania now / Zmudz, owner of Retow and Zalesie that is Retowo or Rietavas, 25 km from Plungian; RIETAVAS was property in 1775 of Ksawery Oginski. In 1863 here died Ireneusz Oginski and in 1892 the first telephones in Lithuania).

Probably M. Kalinowska (Maria / Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!
Above countess Olga / Ольга Осиповна Калиновская born 1818 or 1822 was married in 1844 to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863, and her son was Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski who was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 married after to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.
Above Ireneusz Oginski, duke, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow / RIETAVAS and Zalesie.
Bogdan Ogiński died on 25. 03. 1909.

Sister of Olga: Jozefina Kalinowska born 1816, was also married to duke Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński who was born 1808.

And Северина Иосифовна Калиновская / Seweryna Kalinowski b. 1814 d. 1852 was married to Mikolaj Plautyn / Плаутин b. 1794 or 1796 d. 24 December 1866, son of Fiodor Sergiejewicz Plautyn / Plautin died 1807? Nikolai Fedorovich Plautin was an outstanding military leader and statesman of the Russian Empire, General of Cavalry 1856, Adjutant General 1849, a member of the State Council in 1862.

Note:
Ekaterina Petrovna Trubetskaya / Ekaterina Troubetzky / Troubetzkoy (nee Mussina-Pushkina; her father Pietr Klavdijevich Mussin-Puschkin b. 1768) was born 1816 and died c. 1897; her partner was Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia and with him was daughter Sofia Troubetzkoy (1838 in Moscow, Russia and died July 27, 1898 in Madrid). Husband of above named Ekaterina Petrovna Mussina-Pushkina was Sergey Trubetskoy / Сергей Васильевич Трубецкой (1815 - 1859) son of Vassili Sergejevich Fürst Trubetskoy ('Vasily', born April 3, 1776 and died February 22, 1841; general of cavalry, member of the State Council). The same Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia was partner of named above Countess Olga Kalinowska but she happened to be the mistress of Tsarevitch Alexander, the son of Tsar Nicholas I. Olga was pregnant by either the Tsarevitch or his father Nicholas I. On 10 October 1848 or in 1849 Olga gave birth to Prince Bogdan or Michael-Bogdan - Ogiński by name and Romanov by gene
(above Ольга Осиповна Калиновская was born 1818 or 1822 and was married in 1844 to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus; she was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska). The following year Prince Michał Oginski was born under perfectly normal circumstances to Ireneusz Oginski and Olga nee Kalinowski (her sister Countess Jozefina Kalinowska married Ireneusz Oginski, too).

Prince Ireneusz Ogiński died in 1863, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow / Rietavas [at the half way from TAURAGE to RIETAVAS is located Silale - see below] and Zalesie.
See GARGZDAI of von Ronne.
The Bilewicz / Billewicz family lived in Teneniai, Lithuania, 50 km south-east of Gargzdai [see von RONNE and Mielzynski];
Tenenie / Teneniai, 22 km west of Taurogi, here Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz was born in 1842 [that is in Adamowo / Adomavas near Teneniai], she was mother of Józef Piłsudski; Maria was the daughter of Antoni Billewicz and Helena Michałowski; her brother was father of Joanna Narutowicz; her sister Zofia Zubow nee Billewicz [see Walewski]; above MARIA in 1863 in Teneniai married to Józef Wincenty Piłsudski with 12 children - private teacher was from Switzerland; Maria Piłsudska died in 1884 in Suginty; Suginty / Suginčiai - close to UTENA {Lithuania}.

Important note:
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński the 2nd and Aniela Helena born von Rönne [see Gorżdy / Gorzdy / Gargzdai / Gargždai]. Stanisław was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN [see Angela Merkel]; Aniela RONNE was born in 1832, in Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor / Gorżdy, Lithuania now {ex-border to East Prussia}.
Felix II / Feliksas von Rönne, born ca 1797 - died in 1857, was owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai; that is Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 [or 1797] or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix {1st} Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargzdai / Gargsdai; Feliks 2nd married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka.
When Felix von Rönne died, his daughter, above named Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei {see Krotoszyn, Baszkow and Bilewicz - Angela Merkel} taken the estate land with Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor, then son of above Baron - Eugenijus Ronne.

Retów / Rietavas of the Oginskis {the most important family in Belarus when it comes to Polish independence conspiracies}, is situated 25 km south of Plunge of the Oginskis, and east of Gargzdai {von Ronne}, ca 40 km.

Named above Feliks Filip von RONNE [Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 or 1797 that is Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix {1st} Baron Rönne] was brother of Antoni von Rönne; MARIA TEKLA OGINSKA / Marija Teklė Oginskienė; Ludwika von Rönne and Teodora Ogińska.
Above Feliks Filip was father of mentioned Eugeniusz von Rönne and above named Aniela Helena Mielżyńska of BASZKOW close to Krotoszyn. Aniela Helena Mielzynska / Miełżyńska (born von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons) was born 1832, in Gorżdy
[Garsden / Gargždai - at first owned by the Oginski family - then 1781 to Otton Henryk Igielstrom; here died Gabryela nee Oginska, 1v. Edward Krasicki, 2v. Eugeniusz Ronne, she was b. 1830, d. 1912 / 1919 Gorzdy / Gargzdai].
Note on the Gargždai estate:
Gargždai was an estate of the Rönne family; in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir / Kazimierz Oginski; also to Sapieha in 1786; then Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; F. and E. Rene / Rönne.
Above Prince Michał Kazimierz Ogiński (ca. 1729 / 1730, Warsaw - 1800, in Słonim or Warsaw) was a military commander in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, musician and composer. In 1764 he became one of Russia's candidates for the Polish-Lithuanian throne. He later joined the anti-Russian Bar Confederation.

Veliuona, the Taurage Region - 60 km south-east of TAURAGE [see Marcinkus / Marcinkevicius / Martinkevicius / MARCINKIEWICZ].

Pikčiūnai, Klausučiai - east of TAURAGE / Taurogi [see Marcinkus].

Sartininkai [see Konstantynowicz] - close to Giegzdai; 19 km west of TAURAGE.

Pajūralis near to Šilalė - see PILSUDSKI [more below !] - 35 km north of above named Sartininkai.

Joniškis, Joniškis District Municipality, Šiauliai County - see Zubov / ZUBOW - north Lithuania close to Courland / now Latvia - see KOMOROWSKI.

Taurogi / Tauragė, in western Lithuania, owned by Bogusław Radziwiłł (1620 - 1669), then in 1687 to Pss Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłłówna, 1667-1695, who married Ludwik of Neuburg. Next Taurogi and Sereje inherited the Elector of Brandenburg, Fryderyk III Hohenzollern (1657-1713), in 1701 as the King Fryderyk I. Empress Catherine offered nearby Jurbarkas to her lover Platon Zubow, and in 1798 the King of Prussia renounced his rights to Taurogi. In the late nineteenth century, the administrator of estates in Taurogi was Albert Anders, the father of the General Wladyslaw Anders, commander of the Polish II Corps.
Płaton Aleksandrowicz Zubow / Платон Александрович Зубов, b. 1767, d. 1822 in Courland, Count, had two brothers: Walerian Zubow and Nikołaj Zubow.

The genealogy of above mentioned Platon ZUBOV:
Platon Zubov, born in Vladimir, Russia, died in 1822 in Joniškis, the Šiauliai County, Lithuania. He was the son of Alexander Nikolaevich Zubov and Elizaveta Vasiljevna; husband of TEKLA SHUVALOV / Thekla Ignatievna Shuvalova; partner of Sofia Leontievna Przysylonska; father of Zofia Pirch; Александр Платонов; Константин Платонов; Валериан Платонович Платонов; Никанор Платонович Платонов; and Aleksandra Platonovna Zubova. Brother of Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Zubova; Николай Александрович Зубов; Дмитрий Zubov; Olga Zherebtsov; Count Valerian Zubov born 1771 [see below !]; Vasili Zubov and Anna Khorvat [see my domain on the HORVAT].
Above Aleksandra Platonovna Zubova b. 1822 in Vilnius, was the half sister of Sofia Pirch and
Zofia BOBRZYNSKA / Софья Андреевна Бобринская;
Павел Андреевич Шувалов and Olga Andreevna Shuvalova.

Marianna Elżbieta Lubomirska born ca 1766, died 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Ponińska; wife of Antoni Protazy Potocki; above Count Valerian Zubov and Федор Петрович Уваров; mother of Emilia Kalinowska; Aleksandr Valerianovich Zubov; Platon Valerianovich Zubov and Elizaveta Valerianovna Voieikova; sister of Józefa Walewska
[Marianna Elżbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska was sister of Józefa Walewska. Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851; she was wife of Adam Walewski, and Jan Witt, Count; copyright by Leszek Mila. Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children: a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki; b. Izabela Walewska. Named here Adam WALEWSKI - see below his genealogy].

Sergei GAGARIN born 1795, m. above mentioned Izabela Walewska (1800 - 1886), daughter of Adam Walewski and Pss Josefina Lubomirska / Jozefina; Sergei was son of Sergei senior (1745 - 1798) + Pss Warwara Nikolaevna Galitzine (1762 - 1802) / GOLICYN; grandson of Sergei (1713-1782) the 1st who married to Css Praskovia Pavlovna Jagushonsky / Ягужинская / Jakuszynska (d. 1775); great-grandson of Wassili Gagarin who died before 1745 and married to Maria Ivanovna Wolkov.
Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn / Sergei GAGARIN 1795-1852, with children: Maria Gagaryn 1829-1906, and Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890.

Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, with:
1. Franciszek 1745-1813 m. Ludwika Stokowska, with:
Józef Walewski b. 1771,
Kasper Walewski 1774-1833 m. Anna Lubieniecka, m. 2nd to Izabella Oświęcimska 1780-1853 with Teodora Walewska, Józef Walewski, Edmund Walewski, Stanisław Walewski, Adam Walewski;
Damazy Walewski b. ca 1780,
Klemens Walewski 1782-1832,
Ignacy Walewski 1783-1833 m. Salomea Walewska 1790-1833, with children:
Ludwika Walewska 1811, Marianna Walewska 1812-1850, Antonina Walewska 1816-1868, Ewelina Walewska, Matylda Walewska 1820-1887.

2. Adam Walewski b. 1750 m. Józefa Lubomirska 1764-1851 with children:
Tadeusz Walewski 1800-1855 m. Anna Dunin-Karwicka 1795-1881, and
Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852, with children:
Maria Gagaryn 1829-1906, and Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890.
3. Justyna Walewska m. Michał Pisarzowski.
4. Marianna Walewska ca 1750-1778,
5. Paulina Walewska,

6. Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, ca 1750-1806, m. Teodora Colonna-Walewska b. ? - d. in 1812
(daughter of Józef Walewski of Brzeziny died Jan. 1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. ca 1730, Jozef had children:
a. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 [Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice, close to Łowicz],
b. Jadwiga Walewska m. Michał Walewski of Bochnia and member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784-1795) 1735 / 1740 - 1806,
c. Teodora Colonna-Walewska ? - 1812, m. in 1768, in Bielawy to above Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806),
with children:
Antoni Colonna-Walewski 1774-1846 m. Julia Libiszowska
{Julia Colonna-Walewska nee Libiszowska, 1810 - 1866, daughter of Izydor Libiszowski and Modlińska. Izydor was born in 1780. Julia married Antoni Colonna - Walewski in 1830; Antoni was born in 1774 to Kasper 1750-1806 and Teodora Walewska; his grandparents: Marcin Walewski of Sieradz 1700-1761, Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, Józef Walewski of Brzeziny 1720-1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. 1730}
and 2nd to Marianna Dąmbska;
Felicja Colonna-Walewska m. Józef Weryha-Darowski
(with children: Teodora Domicella Urszula Weryha-Darowska 1802-1859, Klementyna Weryha-Darowska 1810-1865 m. Władysław Stadnicki, Bolesław Weryha-Darowski 1810 / 1811 - 1874, Józef Wincenty Szymon Weryha-Darowski 1812-1849 m. Helena Amalia Józefa Mieroszewska 1819-1908, with: Bolesław Weryha-Darowski 1839-1905, Roman Weryha-Darowski, Adam Weryha-Darowski, Helena Weryha-Darowska 1842-1918, Maria Weryha-Darowska 1845-1896, Barbara Weryha-Darowska 1847-1929; Wiktor Werycha-Darowski 1818-1873);
Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska 1780-1840,
Konstancja Barbara Colonna-Walewska 1780-1852,
Marianna Colonna-Walewska m. Aleksander Antoni Jan Rożniecki;
Feliks 1780-1809;
Julia Agnieszka Colonna-Walewska 1789-1857 m. Ignacy Badeni 1786-1859;
Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1792-1837.

Mentioned Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
I. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki.
At Polonszczyzna, was the Polonne estate; in the center of the cemetery is a burial chapel of the Karwicki family, the last owners of the city; the inheritance received from the Walewskis, with whom they were related. The last owner was Jan Dunin-Karwicki, son of Natalia Franciszka and Francis Karwicki. In 1795 Polonne was visited by King Stanislaw August Poniatowski, coming back from Kaniow. Polonne took then heir Callistus Poninski. After him Polonne took Tadeusz Walewski, who contributed among others to the Baranowka porcelain factory, existing to this day. Tadeusz Walewski had portraits of Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Prince Jozef Poniatowski. Subsequent owners were Jozef Dunin-Karwicki and Henry Stecki. The Adam Walewski family, the royal army brigadier, from the hands of his wife received the Polonna estate; others assets taken Mary Elizabeth Potocka. Adam Walewski as a result of a bad economy was forced to sell Ostropol and Miropol;
his son Tadeusz (1795-1855) - since 1828 married with Anna Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof / Christopher Karwicki - had only Polonna and part of Baranowiecko
- so in 1826 Tadeusz Walewski built a small manor house, and the Walewskis successor, Francis Karwicki, leaving all the buildings expanded, only the main dwelling house.
Widowed Anna Walewska, transferred Lubarsk and Polonna to nephews and niece - children of Kazimierz Karwicki; Polonna was received by Karwicki Francis (1843-1900), married with Natalia Frankowska. Their son Jan Dunin-Karwicki (b. 1896) was the last owner of Polonne before the First World War.

Jozefina or Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz.
Michał Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806, was Voivode of Sieradz in 1785-1792.

Kasper Lubomirski divided the estates, also the Tuczyn over Horyn was sold in 1775 to Michael Walewski.
Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska
(Kasper Lubomirski 1724 - 1780 who was son of Teodor Lubomirski and Elisabeth / Elzbieta Marianna. Teodor / Johann Theodor Lubomirski 1697 - 1745, son of Stanislaw Herakliusz Lubomirski and Elzbieta Denhoff, brother of Józef Lubomirski and Franciszek Lubomirski, half brother of Elzbieta Sieniawska and Elzbieta Lubomirska);
Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, born ca 1766, was wife of
Protazy Antoni Potocki;
Count Valerian Zubov,
and Uvarov;
she was mother of Emilia Potocka + Jozef Kalinowski;
Aleksandr Valerianovich Zubov;
Platon Valerianovich Zubov,
and Elizaveta Valerianovna Voieikova.

Adam Walewski b. ca 1750 was son of Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761, who was son of Franciszek Walewski and Felicja.

II. mentioned above Izabela Walewska.

Above Valerian Aleksandrovich Zubov b. 1771, d. 1804 in Petersburg; son of Alexander Nikolaevich Zubov and Elizaveta Vasiljevna; was the husband of named above Marianna Elżbieta Lubomirska.

Stefan Karl Baron Rönne, in 1752 owned the manor of Gielgudyszki Wysolde / Gelgaudiskis by the river Memel, sold to his son-in-law Franciszek Pilsudski (1713-1791), head of administration of Wieszwiagny.
Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Pilsudski (b. ca 1685 + Ludwika Urszula Billewicz)
[with son above named Franciszek Pilsudski + 2nd wife Joanna Rehno + 1st wife Marcjanella Komorowska and grandson Jan Chryzostom Pilsudski + Helena Strutynska; and great-grandson Stanislaw Pilsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyc]
was brother of Roch Pilsudski b. ca 1680 + Malgorzata Pancerzynska {see Marshal Jozef Pilsudski}.

Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of above Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajūralis, close to Šilalė, and died in 1791 in Šilalė, the Tauragė County, Lithuania.
Franciszek was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below} - she was mother of Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz.
Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times with children:
1. above named Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia - see brief note below!];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married: 1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute, 2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija.


Now we back from the Kaunas Lithuania to the central Poland:
PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Józef Stefan Radoliński lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski). Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanisław was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanisław married to Katarzyna Raczyńska (see Kiedrzynski).
Józef Stanisław Radoliński born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer (see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).
Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski.
Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.
Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763
(he had named above son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 [Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice, close to Łowicz] and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806)
were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.

FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki (Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander), married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723.

Petronela died in Złoczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Złoczów and Brzeźno; he was born in Złoczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

The genealogy of Marcin Walewski b. 1700:
Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek, with children:
1. Anna Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1722 / 1728-1832 m. in 1740 to Adam Slaski 1722-1773 with 12 children;
2. Michał of Bochnia, member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784 - 1792 / 1795), born 1735 / 1740 - d. 1806, m. 1st to Jadwiga Walewska with Teodora Walewska 1770-1826 m. Jan Kazimierz Stecki-Olechnowicz, Wojciech Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Prakseda Maszkiewicz.
Michal Walewski m. 2nd to Ksawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno.
Above named Michał 1735 / 1740 - 1806 m. 3rd to Szczęsna Feliksa Kokoszka-Michałowska 1770-1844.
3. Józef 1737-1807 m. Felicjanna Połchowska 1743-1808 with Antonina Walewska b. ca 1760 m. Stefan Walewski 1744-1803.
4. Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, m. 1st to Zuzanna Połchowska with:
Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835,
Magdalena Helena Walewska.
Married second to Teresa Dunin-Karwicka with
Michał Walewski,
Helena Walewska 1800-1856 m. Antoni Onufry Alojzy Libiszowski,
Teodora Walewska 1804-1884 m. Kwiryn Russocki.

Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, with:
1. Franciszek 1745-1813 m. Ludwika Stokowska. The owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, Laziny, Zawadow; General, m. Ludwika Stokowska (m. Cecylia Dambska).

2. Adam Walewski b. 1750 m. Józefa Lubomirska 1764-1851.
Jozefina or Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska had sister Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska. They were daughters of Kasper Lubomirski. KASPER divided the estates, also the Tuczyn over Horyn was sold in 1775 to MICHAL / Michael Walewski - brother of above ADAM, Brigadier.
Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of above Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska. Kasper Lubomirski, 1724 - 1780, was son of Teodor Lubomirski and Elisabeth / Elzbieta Marianna. Teodor / Johann Theodor Lubomirski, 1697 - 1745, was the son of Stanislaw Herakliusz Lubomirski and Elzbieta Denhoff, and brother of Józef Lubomirski and Franciszek Lubomirski, half brother of Elzbieta Sieniawska and Elzbieta Lubomirska.
Named Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, born ca 1766, was wife of
Protazy Antoni Potocki;
Count Valerian Zubov,
and Uvarov;
she was mother of Emilia Potocka + Jozef Kalinowski [see TRUBECKI and the Konstantynowiczs in Estonia];
Aleksandr Valerianovich Zubov;
Platon Valerianovich Zubov,
and Elizaveta Valerianovna Voieikova.
Above Adam Walewski b. ca 1750 or in 1750 was son of Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761, who was son of Franciszek Walewski and Felicja.
Mentioned Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
A. Izabela Walewska.
B. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki.
At Polonszczyzna, was the Polonne estate; in the center of the cemetery is a burial chapel of the Karwicki family, the last owners of the city; the inheritance received from the Walewskis, with whom they were related. The last owner was Jan Dunin-Karwicki, son of Natalia Franciszka and Francis Karwicki. In 1795 Polonne was visited by King Stanislaw August Poniatowski, coming back from Kaniow. Polonne took then heir Callistus Poninski. After him Polonne took Tadeusz Walewski, who contributed among others to the Baranowka porcelain factory, existing to this day. Tadeusz Walewski had portraits of Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Prince Jozef Poniatowski. Subsequent owners were Jozef Dunin-Karwicki and Henry Stecki. The Adam Walewski family, the royal army brigadier, from the hands of his wife received the Polonna estate; others assets taken Mary Elizabeth Potocka. Adam Walewski as a result of a bad economy was forced to sell Ostropol and Miropol; his son Tadeusz (1795-1855) - since 1828 married with Anna Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof / Christopher Karwicki - had only Polonna and part of Baranowiecko - so in 1826 Tadeusz Walewski built a small manor house, and the Walewskis successor, Francis Karwicki, leaving all the buildings expanded, only the main dwelling house.
Widowed Anna Walewska nee KARWICKA, transferred Lubarsk and Polonna to nephews and niece - children of Kazimierz Karwicki; Polonna was received by Karwicki Francis (1843-1900), married with Natalia Frankowska. Their son Jan Dunin-Karwicki (b. 1896) was the last owner of Polonne before the First World War.

3. Justyna Walewska m. Michał Pisarzowski.
4. Marianna Walewska 1750-1778,
5. Paulina Walewska,
6. Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806, m. Teodora Colonna-Walewska b. ? - d. in 1812
(daughter of Józef Walewski of Brzeziny died Jan. 1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. ca 1730, they had:
a. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 [Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska, wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice, close to Łowicz],
b. Jadwiga Walewska m. Michał Walewski of Bochnia and member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784-1795) 1735 / 1740 - 1806,
c. Teodora Colonna-Walewska ? - 1812, m. in 1768, in Bielawy to Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806).

Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733.

The younger son of Marcin Walewski and Felicja was Adam Walewski b. ca 1750 who married to Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851 with 2 children.

FRANCISZEK Walewski b. 1745, d. 1813 (son of above Marcin Walewski 1700 / 1720 - 1761 and Marcjanna Romer 1720 - 1761), owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, Laziny, Zawadow; General, m. Ludwika Stokowska; children:
A. Kacper m. Anna Lubieniecka, Izabela Oswiecimska,
B. Damazy m. Katarzyna Wagrowska,
C. Józef b. 1771 m. Marianna Blociszewska,
D. Ignacy Józef b. 1786, m. Salomea Walewska from Rusiec, Dabrowa, Jastrzebice, Kuznica.

Above Marcin born in 1700 or 1720 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, and Felicja.
Marcin was husband of Magdalena Antonina SZEMBEK and above Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761;
Marcin was father of mentioned above Kasper Walewski; Michal Walewski, Anna Ludwika Slaska; Jozef Walewski and Romuald Walewski.

Mentioned Romuald Walewski b. ca 1738, d. 1812, Major General, Adjutant General of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the King of Poland, a captain of cavalry in 1789, Crown Court judge, six-time Member of Parliament. In Cracow from 1773 to 1775 joined the confederation Adam Poninski; member of Parliament in 1778 of the Cracow province; member of Parliament in 1786; member of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Military Commission in 1788; 1792 he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, in 1781 received the Order of St. Stanislaus. Romuald Walewski 1738 - 1812 m. 1st Zuzanna Połchowska b. ca 1730 with:
Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846,
and Magdalena Helena Walewska b. 1762 (Helena Walewska) in Stradom, Cracow;
Romuald m. 2nd Teresa Dunin-Karwicka b. ca 1760 with:
Michał Walewski,
Helena Walewska 1800 - 1856,
Teodora Walewska m. Rusocka was born circa 1804, d. 1884.
Helena b. 1762 was wife of Izydor Kiedrzynski.


And now we back to Russia [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Russia] where Emanuel Nobel sold half of the Baku holdings to Standard Oil of New Jersey, with John D. Rockefeller Jr. personally authorizing the payment of $ 11.5 million (see more at my webpages).

By Tommy Wilkens:
Baron George De Mohrenschildt born 1911 in Mozyr, comes from the Baltic Germans. His father was Baron Sergius Alexander Von Mohrenschildt; 1918 De Mohrenschildt lived in Minsk, probably in St. Petersburg, or Moscow; 1922 Sergius was released from Soviet prison due to health problems ?!; 1929 George DeMohrenschildt volunteered for the Polish Army and attended a Polish military academy in Grudziadz; 1931 George / Jurij was graduated from the Polish military academy with rank of sergeant; then in Liege, and returned to Poland to take part in military summer maneuvrs.
The de Mohrenschildts were major players in the global oil business since the beginning of the twentieth century, and their paths crossed with the Rockefellers;
George de Mohrenschildt's uncle and father ran the Swedish Nobel Brothers Oil Company's operations in Baku; 1915, the Russian government dispatched a second uncle of George de Mohrenschildt, the young diplomat Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt, to Washington to plead for American intervention in the war (see Koziell POKLEWSKI); 1917, Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt's mission was a success; he was often in the company of Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, of the family then befriending Prescott Bush and about to hire Prescott's future father-in-law, George Herbert Walker. Ferdinand married the step-granddaughter of President Woodrow Wilson [see named above American Whig-Cliosophic Society].

Some details:
Hubert Bland, a bank-journalist, worked for the London Sunday Chronicle, a paper owned by newspaper magnate Edward Hulton, formerly of the Liberal Manchester Guardian. Bland was a co-founder of the Fabian Society in 1884 and became a treasurer. He also recruited Bernard Shaw. Bernard Shaw was working for the London Pall Mall Gazette, where William T. Stead served as editor and Alfred Milner as his assistant, both Stead and Milner were close to diamond magnate and Rothschild associate Cecil Rhodes and were involved in the formation of the influential secret organisation known as the Milner Group. Having been recruited to the Fabian Society by his friend Bland in 1884, Shaw recruited Annie Besant and his friends Sidney Webb, Sydney Olivier and Graham Wallas in 1885 and 1886. Shaw married Charlotte, daughter of Horace Payne-Townshend, a wealthy Stock Exchange investor. He was employed by millionaire William Waldorf - Lord Astor, owner of the Pall Mall Gazette, and became a close friend of the Milner Group leader - Waldorf and his wife Nancy. Shaw's friend, Sidney Webb married Beatrice - a close friend of Rothschild associate and Prime Minister Arthur Balfour, the daughter of Richard Potter, a wealthy financier with international connections, the chairman of the Great Western and Grand Trunk Railways of England and Canada.

Shaw, Webb, Olivier and Wallas became the Fabian Society's dominant Big Four with John Passmore Edwards, an leader of the Liberal Manchester School, and with Richard Cobden. The Fabian Society was in close touch with the Rothschilds both directly and through Lord Arthur Balfour, and has also been close to David Rockefeller [see more above !].

Above mentioned Cecil Rhodes, the South African diamond millionaire, used his fortune to promote the scheme of federating the English speaking peoples around the globe. Rhodes and other acolytes of Ruskin, formed a secret society known as the Round Table Group, were able to gain access to Rhodes' fortune after his death in 1902.
The Milner Group, the secret society formed by Cecil Rhodes, dominated the British delegation to the Peace Conference of 1919, founded the UK Royal Institute for International Affairs in 1919 / 1920 (the British Institute of International Affairs was founded in London in July 1920), the US Council on Foreign Relations, and parallel groups in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and India. In 1919 British and American delegates to the Paris Peace Conference, under the leadership of Lionel Curtis, conceived the idea of an Anglo-American Institute of foreign affairs to study international problems with a view to preventing future wars - at Chatham House, Number 10 St. James's Square in 1923 (Professor Arnold Toynbee became the leading figure until his retirement in 1955).

Retinger was very close to above named Lionel Curtis, the founder of Chatham House and Retinger was politically active in London exactly at the same time when Chatham House was established in 1921-1923; the Chatham House / the Royal Institute of International Affairs represented by both ideologies of the Rhodes - Milner ideology with the ideology of the Fabian society and Retinger had links to both these groups;
his Bilderberg Group had their first meeting in May 1954 at the Bilderberg Hotel, near Arnhem in Holland.

John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (b. 1874 - d. 1960) was an American financier and he was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller, Senior. He is commonly referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior".
John Davison Rockefeller III (b. 1906 - died in 1978) was a philanthropist, he was the eldest son of John D. Rockefeller Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller.
His siblings were Abby, Nelson, Laurance, Winthrop, and David.
Above mentioned David Rockefeller (born 1915) is an American banker, chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He is grandchild of John D. Rockefeller SENIOR and Laura Spelman.
"... Displeased with the refusal of the Bilderberg meetings to include Japan, Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. The [BILL] Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Trilateral Commission members, including Clinton himself; both Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush had consulted the think tank".
David Rockefeller claims that the Bilderberg Group [see RETINGER and Zamoyski] discusses important issues 'without reaching consensus'.
It was at Bilderberg meetings that David Rockefeller met the chairman of royal Dutch Petroleum, John Loudon, whom he appointed chairman of the Chase Bank International Advisory Committee (IAC) in the late 1960s.
David Rockefeller had attended the London School of Economics (founded by Fabian Socialists), which from 1924 to 1949 had received $3 million from the Rockefeller Foundation and the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Fund. "The Fabian Society is a British socialist organisation whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow". The Fabian Society has also been close to the Rockefellers who are covert Fabian Socialists. David Rockefeller wrote a sympathetic senior thesis on Fabian Socialism at Harvard
[David Rockefeller, a member of the Harvard College Class of 1936 and longtime University benefactor. David Rockefeller born 1915 is an American banker, chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He is grandchild of John D. Rockefeller and Laura Spelman. Rockefeller is the former chairman, president, chairman of the executive committee, and CEO of Chase Manhattan Bank, and former chairman of the board of the Rockefeller Group]
and studied left-wing economics at the Fabian Society's London School of Economics.
"Not surprisingly, the Rockefellers have funded countless Fabian projects (including the LSE) from the early 1920s.
David Rockefeller writes that
'Bilderberg meetings must induce apocalyptic visions of omnipotent international bankers plotting with unscrupulous government officials to impose cunning schemes on an ignorant and unsuspecting world'
(Rockefeller, pp. 410-1).
Leading financiers who attended Bilderberg meetings from the first conference (1954) were long-standing Fabian Socialists David [born 1915] and [his brother] Nelson Rockefeller...".

See The Great Coup of 1916: 4 The Monday Night Cabal, by Jim Macgregor and Gerry Docherty:
"... In January 1916 a small group of Milner's closest friends and disciples formed a very distinctive and secret cabal to prepare the nation for a change so radical, that it was nothing less than a coup; a planned take-over of government by men who sought to impose their own rule rather than seek a mandate from the general public. Having ensured that the war was prolonged, they now sought to ensure that it would be waged to the utter destruction of Germany. ... The men behind the carefully constructed conspiracy were Alfred Milner, Leo Amery, Sir Edward Carson, Geoffrey Dawson, editor of The Times, F. S. Oliver the influential writer who believed that war was a necessity, and Waldorf Astor, the owner of The Observer. They met regularly on Monday evenings to formulate their alternative plans for war management over dinner. These men were drawn from the inner-circle of Milner's most trusted associates. Others who were invited to join them included, Lloyd George, Sir Henry Wilson, (at that point a corps commander on the Western Front) Philip Kerr, another of Milner's proteges from his days in South Africa, and Sir Leander Starr Jameson, the man who almost brought down the British government in 1896 in the wake of his abortive raid on the Transvaal. Could anyone have anticipated that Jameson would have reemerged in London inside a very powerful conspiracy some twenty years after he had almost blown Cecil Rhode's dream apart? But then he was always the servant of the mighty South African arm of the Secret Elite...".

I wrote above that the Round Table was started by Freemason and Rothschild agent, Lord Alfred Milner; but Rhodes, who was connected to the Freemasons, first formalised his idea with William T. Stead; in 1910, The Round Table Journal: A Quarterly Review of the Politics of the British Empire was founded by Lord Milner and members of Milner's Kindergarten: Lionel Curtis, Philip Kerr and Geoffrey Dawson; by 1915 Round Table groups existed in seven countries: in the United States acted George Louis Beer, Walter Lippmann, Frank Aydelotte, Whitney Shepardson, Thomas W. Lamont, and Erwin D. Canham.

Named above
Victor Rothschild (Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild b. 1910 d. 1990; son of Charles Rothschild; a member of the Apostles Club at Cambridge, a secret society, there he became friends with the future Soviet spies Guy Burgess and Anthony Blunt, and Kim Philby - not a member; he was recruited to work for MI5 during World War II, and was the head of B1C, continued to work in security as an adviser to Margaret Thatcher; 1971 to 1974 The Think Tank), who worked for J. P. Morgan & Co., was one of the members of the Round Table.
The Rothschilds had financed Cecil Rhodes, co-operated with the Morgans and the Rockefellers, and they financed the activities of Edward Harriman (railroads) and Andrew Carnegie Steel [see above].

Roundtable inner Circle of Initiates included Lord Milner, Cecil Rhodes, Arthur Balfour, Albert Grey and Lord Nathan Rothschild
(Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild b. 1840, d. 1915, a British banker in issuing loans to the governments of the USA, Russia and Austria; a close relationship with Benjamin Disraeli; and administered Rhodes's estate from 1902 and set up the Rhodes Scholarship scheme at Oxford).

According to Gary Allen's expose, Milner financed the Russian Bolsheviks on Rothschild's behalf, with help from Jacob Schiff and Max Warburg.

Mentioned above Abigail Greene Abby Aldrich Rockefeller (1874 - 1948) was an American socialite and philanthropist, married to John D. Rockefeller Jr., she was born in Providence, Rhode Island "to Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman Chapman, a distant descendant of the fourth signer of the Mayflower Compact". She was a sister of Congressman Richard Steere Aldrich and banker Winthrop Williams Aldrich.

Above John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (1874 - 1960) was an American financier, son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and the father of the five famous Rockefeller brothers. His mother was Laura Celestia Cettie Spelman (1839 - 1915), an American abolitionist.
Above John Davison Rockefeller Jr. b. 1874, joined the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.

The Phi Beta Kappa Society was founded in 1776 at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia; ten of the original members later did become Freemasons. In 1831, disclosed the fraternity's secrets during a period of strong anti-Masonic sentiment. The Phi Beta Kappa became an "open" society in 1845.

Mentioned above David Rockefeller (born 1915) - born to financier John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and socialite Abigail Greene Aldrich.
John Jr. was the son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr.;
David Rockefeller (born 1915) known General George C. Marshall, and Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd.
From 1941 to 1942, David Rockefeller (born 1915) was assistant regional director of the United States Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Services. During World War II he served in North Africa and France for military intelligence; an assistant military attache at the American Embassy in Paris.
In 1973, Chase established the first branch of an American bank in Moscow near the Kremlin, in the then Soviet Union.
"... He at an earlier point declined an offer from his brother Nelson to appoint him to Robert F. Kennedy's Senate seat after Kennedy was assassinated in June 1968, a post Nelson also offered to their nephew John Davison Jay Rockefeller IV".
Copyright by Wikipedia:
"... In Henry Kissinger, Rockefeller found a political operative with an international and domestic perspective similar to his. They first met in 1954, when Kissinger was appointed a director of a seminal Council on Foreign Relations study group on nuclear weapons, of which David was a member. ... Rockefeller also reportedly has connections to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) . As well as knowing Allen Dulles and his brother John Foster Dulles - who was an in-law of the family - since his college years, it was in Rockefeller Center that Allen Dulles had set up his WWII operational center after Pearl Harbor, liaising closely with MI6 which also had their principal U.S. operation in the Center. He also knew and associated with the former CIA director Richard Helms, as well as Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt Jr., a Chase Bank employee and former CIA agent whose first cousin CIA agent Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. was involved in the Iran coup of 1953. Also, in 1953, he had befriended William Bundy, a pivotal CIA analyst for nine years in the 1950s, who became the Agency liaison to the National Security Council, and a subsequent lifelong friend. Moreover, in Cary Reich's biography of his brother Nelson, a former CIA agent states that David was extensively briefed on covert intelligence operations by himself and other Agency division chiefs, under the direction of David's "friend and confidant", CIA Director Allen Dulles. ... Additionally, he serves as the only member of the Advisory Board for the Bilderberg Group. ... Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. ... The Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Commission members ...".


And now we look at Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt / George Sergius de Mohrenschildt / Jerzy Sergiusz, who studied at the Institute of Higher Commercial Studies, the University of Liege and the University of Texas at Austin. He was petroleum geologist.
He became friends with Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy.

Now on Jack Ruby, the killer of Lee Harvey Oswald on November 24, 1963:
Ruby was born Jacob Rubenstein in 1911 to a family of Polish-Jewish immigrants. His parents, Joseph and Fannie; Joseph Rubenstein (1871 -1958) and Fannie Turek Rutkowski or Rokowsky lived in Chicago, Illinois, in 1911. They were Orthodox Jews. Joseph Rubenstein was born in Sokołów Podlaski [or in Kosow like some say], now Poland, then part of Russia; he was a carpenter like his father; served the Russian army in 1893 to 1898, married while in military service. "... Joseph later was assigned to forces positioned in China, Korea and Siberia. ... The Rubensteins left the Russian Empire about four years later [1902] ... They briefly lived in the Great Britain and Ireland and then Canada. They entered the United States in 1903, and the following year they settled in ... Chicago's West Side."
Before World War II, Sokolow Podlaski was home to a large population of Jews; Sokolow Podlaski is a town in east-central Poland, about 100 kilometres from Warsaw.
Ruby was arrested immediately after the shooting. Shortly before Ruby's death on January 3, 1967, a friend insisted that Ruby tell the truth before he died, acc. to Juan Ignacio Blanco. Jack Leon Ruby / Jacob Rubenstein was a Dallas nightclub owner, changed his name to Jack Leon Ruby in December 1947. In 1947, Ruby moved to Dallas with his brothers; his sister was "... Eva Rubenstein Grant, and she was a little-known nightclub manager the morning of November the 24, 1963, when her brother left the apartment they shared in Dallas and blasted his way into infamy by fatally shooting Lee Harvey Oswald. Eva worked and lived with Jack Ruby and rest of her life defending him against various allegations".
Ruby was seen in the halls of the Dallas Police Headquarters on several occasions after the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald on November 22, 1963.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time on November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas.
On November 24, 1963, Ruby shot "Lee Harvey Oswald, who was in police custody after being charged with the murder of President John F. Kennedy two days earlier. A Dallas jury found Ruby guilty of murdering Oswald, and Ruby was sentenced to death. Later, Ruby appealed his conviction, had it overturned and was granted a new trial. As the date for his new trial was being set, Ruby became ill and died in prison of a pulmonary embolism due to lung cancer [? infected]".

JERZY SERGIUSZ De Mohrenschildt became acquainted with the Bouvier family, including young Jacqueline Bouvier, future wife of John F. Kennedy, and he became a friend of
Jacqueline's aunt Edith Bouvier Beale.
He helped raise money for the Polish resistance after ca 1940.

George H. W. Bush did not disclose that he knew Oswald's closest friend, George de Mohrenschildt, since 1942.

Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Kennedy Onassis née Bouvier, 1929 - 1994, was the wife of the President of the United States, John F. Kennedy until his assassination in 1963. Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was the daughter of Wall Street stockbroker, John Vernou Bouvier III and Janet Lee Bouvier.

Named Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss b. 1907, died 1989, was the mother of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill.

John Vernou Bouvier III, was of French, Scottish and English descent.

At http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ we read:
"... The Kennedys that we will look closest at are related to the Fitzpatricks, a powerful Irish family ... The Fitzpatricks may tie back to France ...
Jackie Bouvier Kennedy Onassis who married John F. Kennedy was tied to the Auchinclosses via her sister's marriage into the Auchincloss family [mistake - that is Janet Bouvier married a second time in 1942, to Hugh D. Auchincloss (1897-1972)].
The Auchinclosses are Scottish bloodline of the Illuminati.
... through the names of the ramified Auchincloss tribe: Bunt, Grosvenor, Rockefeller, Saltonstall, Tiffany, Vanderbilt and Winthrop
... For instance, Hugh D. Auchincloss, Sr. married Emma Brewster Jennings, daughter of Oliver B. Jennings, who co-founded Standard Oil with John D. Rockefeller [see ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI and NOBEL - Baku + the Armands and Nobel at the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - see Miezonka and Moscow].
As for the numerous Kennedy intermarriages with notable names, for instance, Bernet Shafer Kennedy (1798-1878) married Phebe Freeman in 1820. ... Andrew Kennedy married Margaret (Penny) Hatfield (1824-1989). The Andrew Kennedy family is allied with the Hatfield, Bailey, Collins, and Mullins families...".

Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. (1897 - 1976) "[copyright by Wikipedia] was the son of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Sr. (1858 - 1913), a merchant and financier

{Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Sr. was the son of John L. Auchincloss b. 1810 in New York, d. 1876 in Quebec;
grandson of Hugh Auchincloss b. 1780 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, died in 1855 in New York;
great-grandson of John Auchincloss born 1749 who was the son of William Auchincloss b. 1709 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland and grandson of
James Auchincloss + Agnes Carr.
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland is situated 13 km west of GLASGOW; see at my domain on the family Tennent was of Glasgow in Scotland and bankers in Belfast;
also see at GRANDPARENTS of Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., among others: Ella Stevens Lougee, b. Lynn, Mass., 1869; George Weir, b. Bridgeton, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland, in 1860, emigrated to US in 1863, lived in 1920 in Perry Co., Ohio; George Weir married Martha H. Wood, daughter of Daniel Heveland Wood Jr. and Caroline Almira Starr, in 1890.
The WEIRs come of Bridgeton and Hamilton.
Note - the Douglas family from Bothwell - 15 km south-east of Glasgow.
Colonel John Campbell, laird of Melfort - western Scotland and north-west of Glasgow, Kilninver - close to Melfort, and Kilmelfort - close to Melfort, in Argyllshire, Scotland, born 1730, his children:
1. Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald Campbell, b. 1767, Killin - half way from Melfort to Perth and west of Perth, in Perthshire, Scotland, 2. John Campbell, b. 1769, Killin, Perthshire, 3. Allan Campbell, b. 1770, Killin, and others children.
Kilwinning - a town in North Ayrshire, Scotland, about 34 km south of Glasgow.
Kilwinning is notable for housing the original Lodge of Freemasonry in Scotland. When the Lodges were renumbered, Kilwinning was kept as Lodge Number '0', the Mother Lodge of Scotland. Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton b. 1723 was the Grand Master Mason of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1750-51. Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton (1726 - 1796) was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Mother Kilwinning, from 1771 until 1796. Montgomerie was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in 1782. 1806 - 1820: The Prince of Wales (afterwards King George IV) was the Grand Master Masons of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. See also the Rosslyn Chapel},

and Emma Brewster Jennings, daughter of Oliver Burr Jennings and Esther Judson Goodsell. His uncles were Edgar Stirling Auchincloss (father of James C. Auchincloss) and John Winthrop Auchincloss (grandfather of Louis Auchincloss). He had two older sisters, Esther Judson Auchincloss and Ann Burr Auchincloss. His father was the youngest brother of Edgar Stirling Auchincloss, making Hugh the nephew of Edgar Stirling Auchincloss and cousin of politician James C. Auchincloss". Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. graduated in 1920 from Yale University, where he was elected to the Elihu Senior Society.

Named above Janet / Janet Lee Bouvier was born in 1907, in Manhattan; the daughter of James Thomas Lee (1877 - 1968) / Jim Lee, a lawyer and real estate developer, and Margaret A. Merritt 1878 - 1943. Above James Thomas Lee / Jim Lee was the son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton; Jim Lee was the husband of Hattie Jane Lee and above Margaret A. Merritt; father of Marion Norton Ryan; Janet Norton Bouvier and Winifred Norton d'Olier; brother of Winifred Lee and Marian Lee.
Above Margaret A. Merritt b. 1878 or 1877 in Manhattan, was the daughter of Thomas Peter Merritt.
Named above Janet's [Janet Lee Bouvier] father (Jackie Bouvier Kennedy's grandfather) James Thomas Lee / Jim Lee was son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton; Dr. James Lee was from the immigrants from Cork, Ireland, whose father started out in New York City;
Jackie's grandfather became a Chase Manhattan Bank president!
Jim Lee, and his wife, the former Margaret Merritt, and three daughters lived on Park Avenue, in the summer, they moved into the exclusive enclave of East Hampton, New York.
Mentioned above James Thomas Lee, 1877 - 1968, married to Margaret Merritt and he was the father of Janet and Winifred. James T. Lee (travel 1909?) was in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. Jacqueline Bouvier and her family lived at the beginning on the sixth and seventh floors of 740 Park Avenue; then at the house of her grandfather James T. Lee built in 1929.
Above Janet Norton Vernou Bouvier (born Bouvier Lee), 1907 - 1969, married John Jack Vernou Bouvier in 1928, in New York. John was born in 1891, in East Hampton, NY; he was the N.Y. Stock Exchange Member, and Wall Street stockbrocker; Above named Janet Vernou Bouvier (born Norton Lee) has different history! Lived 1906 - 1989; born to James Thomas Lee and Margaret A. Lee (born Merritt). James was born 1877. Margaret was born in 1879.
Janet Norton Vernou Bouvier had 2 children, 1st married to John Jack Vernou Bouvier. They divorced. Janet married Hugh Dubley Auchincloss in 1942. Mentioned above Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss was the mother of former United States First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill. She was the mother-in-law of United States President John F. Kennedy.

Michel Bouvier [see below !] b. 1792 in France, Languedoc, Gard, Pont St Esprit or in Quebec, Canada in 1792 to Eustache Bouvier and Therese Mercier. Michel Bouvier had been a foot soldier for Napoleon. Died in 1874 PA, Philadelphia Co, Philadelphia - buried St Marys Catholic Cemetery. Grandfather of above MICHEL - Francois Bouvier 1727 - 1773.
Therese Mercier b. AUG 1766 in France, d. 1828 / or 1850 in France, was the daughter of Joseph Mercier and Anne Trintignant; wife of Eustache Bouvier and mother of Michel Bouvier. Above Joseph Mercier b. circa 1740 was the son of Melkior Mercier. Michel married Sarah Anne Pearson and had 2 children. Michel married 2nd to Louise C. Vernou and had 8 children. He died in 1874 in Massachusetts, USA [or Philadelphia]. Above Eustache Bouvier born in France 1758 to Francois Bouvier and Benoit Repelin. Eustache married Louise Perboz.

Named above JACQUELINE LEE BOUVIER KENNEDY ONASSIS b. 1929, was daughter of Janet Norton Lee, born 1907, but Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis's parents divorced in 1940. Janet Bouvier married a second time in 1942, to Hugh D. Auchincloss (1897-1972). She married a third time in 1979, to Bingham Morris. Morris's first wife had been a bridesmaid in the wedding party of his second wife (Janet Lee Bouvier).
"... Jacqueline Kennedy was half-Irish, her mother being the granddaughter of four immigrants from County Cork, who came to New York during the 1840's potato famine. Jacqueline Kennedy's paternal grandmother Maude Sergeant was the daughter of an immigrant from Kent, England. Despite her maiden name, Jacqueline Kennedy's French ancestry was descent from one great-grandfather, making her only one-eight French. The first Bouvier to settle in America was carpenter [see above !] Michel Bouvier, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1815 from Point Saint-Esprit in the Provence region.
... [Jacqueline Kennedy] had a younger sister, Caroline Lee Bouvier Canfield Radziwill Ross (born 1933).
Through the second marriage of her mother, Jacqueline Kennedy had two half-siblings, Janet Jennings Auchincloss (1945-1985) and James Lee Auchincloss (born 1947);
by Hugh D. Auchincloss's first marriage to MARIA CHRAPOWICKA / Maria Chrapovitsky, she had a step-brother, Hugh D. ("YUSHA / JUSZA") Auchincloss, Jr. (born 1927?);
by Hugh D. Auchincloss's second marriage to Nina Gore Vidal, she had a step-sister, NINA Auchincloss Steers Straight (born 1935?), and a step-brother Thomas Auchincloss (born 1937?). Although the author, playwright and social critic Gore Vidal has often been identified as a stepbrother to Jacqueline Kennedy, they both shared the same stepfather, but through different mothers".
"... Jacqueline Kennedy's mother, born as Janet Norton Lee, was entirely Irish-American. Her father James 'Jim' Thomas Lee and mother Margaret Merritt were the children of impoverished immigrants who had all come from Cork, Ireland during the 1840s ... In fact, Jackie Kennedy was fully half-Irish Catholic ...".
Above James Thomas Lee b. 1877 - son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton.
Above Dr. James Lee b. ca 1840/1850 in Cork, the Munster prov., Ireland.

Note:
Catherine Lee (b. 1910, d. 1979) was daughter of Micheal Lee and Ellen McSweeney [Ellen McSweeney (1868-1910) or Ellen McSweeney b. 1867 in Dunmanway, Cork, Ireland was daughter of Myls McSweeney and Mary; mother of Kathleen Ferris]. Catherine Lee was born in 1910 in Killeagh Co., Cork, and died 1979 in Killeagh Co., Cork. She married James Lee in 1935 in Killeagh, Co Cork, son of Joseph Lee and Kathleen Reilly ! Patrick Kennedy and Anne Cashman were godparents of above Catherine Lee. Withness to the wedding were Michael Lee and Mary Lee (Cork, St. Killeagh). Related to the Lee's in Ladysbridge.
Killeagh is situated east of CORK [see my domain on the CORK Co.].

One of these more humble ancestors of Jacqueline Kennedy was evidently a Cork 'nurse' named Mary Norton [born ca 1850 ?] who married Jackie's second generation from Cork grandfather James Lee. "He indeed gained considerable wealth as a property developer and financier".
Jackie's Bouvier family has deep Irish roots, the surnames of the four families involved on her mother's side are Lee, Norton, Merritt and Curry.
At Calvary Cemetery in Queens, New York indicate one Thomas Merritt and his wife Maria Curry, two of Jacqueline Bouvier's great grandparents - were from County Clare. County Clare - north-west of LIMERICK.

And now on the MERCIER famil at my domain:
A.
Luigi Scotti Douglas / Louis Scotti was born in 1796 in Naples / Napoli, married Mary Josephine Carlier, with whom he had Ferdinand, Federico and Alfonso; he began his military career as a bodyguard in 1816; after a long military career in 1859 promoted field marshal. Died in Naples, 1880. The branch of Vigolino settled in Naples, from RAMIZIO married Josephine Poulet, next generation in Napoli: Joseph, Count of Vigolino b. 1776 who married Dorothy Granalais; his son: Luigi who was above mentioned; his sons: Ferdinand, Federico, Alfonso; above named FERDINAND Scotti b. 1831, student from 1841 to 1847, captain, 1861 in Gaeta; FEDERICO b. 1836, served the Guards, ALFONSO Scotti Douglas, Earl of Vigolino, b. 1849, promoted lieutenant of Engineers and appointed assistant director of the Force in Capua, he returned to college to finish studies, married Celestina Loencilli with son EDOARDO b. in Naples, 1874 married to Emma Gini, with daughter Annita b. Milan in 1904, and ALFONSO in 1910. Mary Josephine Carlier - maybe she is Mary Carlier, b. 1811, daughter of Daniel Carlier and Mary Marlain; sister of Henry Augustus Carlier; William Evans Carlier and David Evans Carlier, half sister of Daniel Carlier - copyright by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com. Above Daniel Carlier, b. 1766, London, England; died 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India, son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier; inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst, Rachel Cowan, Stephen R Johnson and Stephen David Berryman.
Daniel Carlier m. Mary Marlain; he was born in 1770 / 1766 at London, England (? - in Colombo, Sri Lanka), d. 1822 / 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India. Son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier.
Husband of Mary Marlain; father of Henry Augustus Carlier; Mary Carlier; William Evans Carlier; David Evans Carlier and Daniel Carlier; brother of Isaac Carlier, half brother of Abraham Carlier, inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com in 2009; Mary MARLAIN b. ca 1770, d. 1855 Ootacamund; he was working as Conductor of Madras Invalids; is the man who leaves the Huguenot community in London to go to India. Daniel's parents were Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier, both born in London; he married a woman from Colombo, Mary Marlain, in 1807 in India, but he had also son Daniel, born about 1796. He had son Daniel second who married Eliza Grace Evans in 1829 in Palamcottah, Madras from his third wife - her father may be William Evans. Mary Carlier (Marlain) b. ca 1770 in Colombo, Ceylon; d. 1855 in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India. The CARLIER name is French Huguenot, French Protestants and in 1720 Jan CARLIER born in Amsterdam, North Holland had two children born in Colombo, Sri Lanka which was colonized by the Dutch. Marriage record for Daniel CARLIER in 1807 to Mary Marlain from Colombo, lived in Fort St George, Madras. But Elizabeth CARLIER b. 1828 had parents D. CARLIER and Elizabeth. It is possible that the Huguenot CARLIER from England went to South India with the East India company; above data under copyright by Moira Breen from USA.

B.
The Krauze / Krause family, Latvian-German origin, before the Second War in Latvia and Estonia:
Christina Sofia Krause / Христина-София Краузе b. 1755 in Revel / Tallinn, d. 1825; m. Frideriks / Фридерихс b. 1749; her children: in Ревель, was Евстафий Иванович Фридерихс / Якоб Иоганн Август, b. 1776, d. 1834, and Генрих Якоб Фридерихс b. ca 1780; in Avandus / Авандус, was born Элизабет Катарина Фридерихс in 1784. They were living in Lasinurme (Lassinorm) - close to Avandus, knight manor in Simuna Parish, Virumaa County - south of Rakvere; Thula / Tuula, Saue Parish, Harju County, Estonia - 3 km south of Keila, 8 km soth-west of Saue, 8 km east of Lehola.
Her husband - mentioned above - Иоганн Иеремия Фридерихс b. 1749, Dorpat; he was living in Лассинорм, Авандус, Ревель, Тула of von Toll. Above Евстафий Фридерихс b. 1776, married in 1803 (div. 1807) in London to Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824; she married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss
[see TUULA ca 3 km south-west of JOGISOO of the George de Mohrenschildt family - see LEE OSWALD and BOUVIER]
/ Александр Густав Иоганн фон Вейс - son of Сергей / Андреас Отто Георг фон Вейс b. 1760; her son Константин Рейнхольд фон Вейс b. 1839 d. 1917; her grandson Aleksandr von Weiss / Александр фон Вейс b. 1870.
Her partner Константин Павлович Poманов, 1779 - 1831.

We know about: MERCIER, 1666 in Paris. Mercier, Louis Sébastien, 1740-1814. They come from Levallois-Perret - in the northwestern suburbs of Paris. And from Meurthe et Moselle, and Vosges, Lorraine, France. General Auguste Mercier (1833-1921) married Fanny Isobel Tremayne Simons at Versailles in 1871. His son Evelyn Gabriel Tremayne Mercier, born 1876, was Lieut-Colonel in the infantry.

Named above Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824, married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss b. 1760; her grandson (stepgrandson, acc. to me) Aleksandr von Weiss b. 1870.

Samples only. Pierre-Mathurin Mercier born 1774 at the Lion d'Angers in France, north-west of Angers, died 1801 in La Motte in France, is a military officer, commander of the legion of Vannes and the Catholic Army during the War in the Vendée, south-west of Angers; he joined in June 1793 Vendee army, going on Nantes. Pierre Mathurin Mercier was the son of Pierre Mercier and Lucretia Touze / Lucrece Touzé, from a middle class family, moved to Château-Gontier in 1784, north of Angers; relatives: Frédéric Mercier, his brother, one of the leaders of Fromentieres; Mary Lucretia Mercier (1776-1831), and Felix Elias Mercier / Felix Elie Mercier, brother of Peter / Pierre, attach to his name 'Vendée' in memory of his brother. The Mercier Vendée: in Grammont south-west of Angers, La Péraudiere, La Noue, Toulouse. Next of kin with Huet, Picault, in 1701 to Bouvet, Guillot. Louise Huet, b. 1714 in Le Lion d'Angers, d. 1764, her mother Bouvet; Louise married to Mathurin Mercier, his sons: François Mercier (la Vendee) in 1766 m. Françoise Hantri, and Pierre Mercier in 1773 m. to Lucrece Touzé.

Above mentioned Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss b. 1792 d. 1845, was married 1st to Anna Elisabeth Wrangell b. 1804.
Anna Elisabeth Wrangell Betsy b. 1804, died 1875 in Uchten. Her father Georg Johan von Wrangell from Uchten (1760 in Reval - 1836, his brother Karl Magnus von Wrangell); grandfather Reinhold Johann von Wrangell (1721 - 1767) from Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland; great-grandfather Karl Johann von Wrangell b. 1691, by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.

Brief note to von Wrangell, the JUREWICZ family and the DESPOT ZENOWICZ family:

Karl Wrangell / Carl Wrangel was married twice. From his first wife Constance, he had two sons. After the death of Constance in 1832, he married Anna Yurevich / Jurewicz with son Stanislaw Wrangell born 1844.
Anna von Wrangell nee JUREWICZ received three estates: above Kolpino, Reblio, and Zabelja. The estate Kolpino had belonged to her mother.
Joseph Juriewicz / Jozef Jurewicz born ca 1780 [not 1770], from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev (his sister was Anna von Wrangell, was seventeen years younger than he; she was born ca 1800), came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to ANNA ZENOWICZ / Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot-Zienowicz.
He owned also Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk. Anna Zenowicz - Jurewicz had son Stanislaw Jurewicz 1802 - 1877, who married to Joanna MOSZYNSKA, died 1852; 2nd he married Wenceslava / Wienczyslawa / Barczewska / Wenczeslawa BARCZEWSKA in 1860, she b. 1834, d. 1900; they had daughter Maria Amalia Jurewicz 1866-1924.
Maria Amalia Jurewicz married Adriaan Johan Maximiliaan Oscar Tresvaux Graaf van BERTEUX, 1863-1925 with daughter Maria Johanna Wenceslava Tresvaux de BERTEUX. Maria Johanna Wenceslava Tresvaux de BERTEUX, m. 1st in 1917 to Maria Joseph Johan Graaf van Quelen 1896-1931 with son Alain Graf van Quelen 1920-1997; she m. 2nd in 1931 to Lodewijk van Renouard BARON VAN BUSSIERE b. 1889.

Alexander Pushkin back in 1824 from Odessa to Mikhailovsky, was in Kolpino, close to present city Pustoshka. In those years it was owned by Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot-Zenovich senior, a member of the Masonic Lodge in St. Petersburg.
Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz junior b. ca 1830 was the son of Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800, and the grandson of Anna Despot-Zenowicz nee Niemirowicz-Szczytt.
Named above Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz senior (born ca 1802 - d. ?) [see below !], was brother of mentioned Jan [Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800].
Father of above Jan was Michał Despot-Zenowicz, b. ca 1770?
Grandfather - Antoni Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1730.

In the second half of the XIX century, owner of the Kolpino estate was Stanislav Wrangell (1844-1913) - son of the famous physician Carl Philipp von Wrangel Gyubentalya (1786-1858). Carl Wrangel was married twice. From his first wife Constance, he had two sons. After the death of Constance in 1832, he married Anna Yurevich / Jurewicz. In 1844 they had a son Stanislav, the future judge and the owner of the estate in Kolpino.
Anna Jurevich had three estates in Vitebsk - Kolpino, Reblino and Zabel. Kolpino belonged to her mother, nee Despot-Zenovich. Originally, the estate was owned by the Duchess of Polonia Oginska.
Explanation - Kolpino, Reblio, and Zabelja: Kolpino is situated in the Soinsk parish, in Витебская губерния, Себежский уезд, Соинская волость, here was the Колпино estate! About twenty miles from Zabelja was a station, Novosokolniki - railway station was 27 km west of Velikije Luki; Zabelja [it was sold] - 16 km east of Пустошка; Reblio / Rebelsk, 6 km south of Zabelja.
When Mieczyslaw JUREWICZ, the oldest son of Stanislaw Juriewicz / Jurewicz, was dead, the owner of Berszada estate was Mieczyslaw's son, Fryderyk JUREWICZ. A farm in Kolpino co-operated with the Berszada property.
Kolpino (Kopylok ?) was too far from any river or railroad, and the transportation was much too costly; Reblio was sold, too. But Kolpino (probably Kopylok now - ? - near by Oziero Zavolotshie and by Vielikaja river; north of Charinskoje Oziero; 14 km north-east of Pustoshka, north-west of Zabelja / Zabelie. Kolpino is situated in the Soinsk parish, Витебская губерния, Себежский уезд, Соинская волость, Колпино and Пустошка on way from Siebiez to Velikije Luki) was a very interesting place. Soinsk Lake is 6 km west of Пустошка, but village Soino 7 km west of Pustoshka. In Russian history Mikhailovskoye close to Oziero Kutshanie and Maleniec, near by Bugrovo, Voronich, Kirillovo; Trigorskoye, Petrovskoye, Pushkinskie Gory / Holy Hills, are well known as the memorial Pushkin's places. Савкина Горка / Савкино, 7 km north of Pushkinskije Gory; ca 33 km west of Novorzev; west of Cholm, south-east of Pskov; 110 km north-west of Pustoshka!
Mikhailovskoye / Михайловское belonged to А. С. Пушкин / A. Pushkin's mother. Pushkin was living here in 1817, 1819, 1824-1826, 1827, 1835-1836. This property was - in 1742 - taken by Abram Petrovich Hannibal / Абрам Петрович [see also an estate south-west of Tallinn].
In 1781 named above Mikhailovskoye / Михайловское was owned by Osip Abramovich / Осип Абрамович. In 1806 taken by his wife Maria Alekseevna nee Pushkin; 1818 owned by Nadiezda Osipovna / Надежда Осиповна - mother of poet; 1836 - her children: Olga, Lev, Aleksandr PUSHKIN - poet.

Named above Anna Jurevich had three estates in the Vitebsk goverment: Kolpino, Reblino and Zabel.
Kolpino belonged to her mother, who was from the Despot-Zenovich family.
Originally, the estate was owned by the Duchess of Polonia Oginska. The first owners of the estate were the descendants of Rurik, the princes Oginski / Ahinskis.
Princess Polonia Oginskaja married Jozef Despot Zenowicz or Joseph Deshpot-Zenovich / Deshpo ZENOWICH, and their daughter married Jozef Jurewicz / Joseph Jurevicha (Jurewicz - Polish princes) [b. ca 1780 ?].
Stanislaw Jurewicz / Stanislav Yurevich, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, was next of kin with Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot Zenovich senior born ca 1802 - owner of the estate.

Apolonia Szemet nee Ogiński, born 1599, daughter of Bogdan Oginski / Bogdanas Oginskis and Regina / Raina, wife of Jerzy Szemet and Michal Despot Zienowicz, wasn't above Apolonia / Polonia. Countess Krystyna Tyszkiewiczowna b. 1650 was wife of Krzysztof Kuncewicz, 2nd Jerzy Szemet, 3rd to Michal Despot Zienowicz / Zenowicz.

Polonia Oginska / Apolonia Oginski was the maternal grandmother of Anna von Wrangell [b. ca 1800 ?].

Joseph Juriewicz/ Jozef Jurewicz, from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev (his sister was Anna von Wrangell, was seventeen years younger than he), came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot-Zienowicz. He owned also Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk. Anna von Wrangell nee JUREWICZ received three estates: above Kolpino, Reblio, and Zabelja. The estate Kolpino had belonged to her mother.

Above I wrote down that Alexander Pushkin back in 1824 from Odessa to Mikhailovsky, was in Kolpino, close to present city Pustoshka. In those years it was owned by Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot-Zenovich, a member of the Masonic Lodge in St. Petersburg. Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1830, son of Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800 (grandson of Anna Despot-Zenowicz nee Niemirowicz-Szczytt).
The brother of above named Jan was Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz senior (c. 1802 - d. ?), too.
Father of above Jan: Michał Despot-Zenowicz born ca 1770?
Grandfather - Antoni Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1730.
Wife of above Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz junior b. ca 1830 was Justyna Despot-Zenowicz nee Brzostowska b. ca 1830 from Wincenty Brzostowski Marshal of the Lucyn / Ludsen county, Livland, now Latvia, b. ca 1790. Wincenty Brzostowski was grandson of Augusta Ogińska 1724-1791, and great-grandson of Józef Tadeusz Ogiński 1693-1736. Acc. to Marian TOPOROWSKI, mentioned Ignacy Despot ZENOWICZ junior b. ca 1830 was a translator of Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin.

Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, son of Jan Despot Zenowicz (Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800, and see above), was born in 1833 or 1835. In 1853 he entered the Moscow University, after which went to continue his education in France. After returning home, he settled in the Caucasus. In 1856 with the rank of titular counselor, served as an officer of the Caucasus Governor; 1869 Member of the Baku District Court; 1878, Stanislav Ivanovich Despot Zenowicz, appointed by the Caucasus Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich; 1881 the Baku City Council, where he worked on the post of the mayor 14 years - 1879 - 1894 was Baku Mayor State Councillor;
meeting of the Caspian-Black Sea Oil Industry and Trade Society approved Zenovich, to the post of the director of the board of the society in Baku [see Mohrenschildt and NOBEL; also Szostak].
In 1894 he was living in Batumi as head of the city of Batumi. Next in his own home in Baku, died in 1900.

We back to the genealogy of the JUREWICZ family / Jurjewicz / Jurievich / Yurevich:
Apolonia Oginska has married Jozef Despot Zenowicz.
Polonia Oginska / Apolonia Oginski was the maternal grandmother of Anna von Wrangell [Anna b. ca 1800 ?].
Joseph Juriewicz/ Jozef Jurewicz, from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev, was the brother of Anna von Wrangell. She was seventeen years younger than he.
He was came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot-Zienowicz. He owned also Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk. Anna von Wrangell nee JUREWICZ received three estates: above Kolpino, Reblio, and Zabelja. The estate Kolpino had belonged to her mother.

Apolonia Szemet nee Ogiński, born 1599, daughter of Bogdan Oginski / Bogdanas Oginskis and Regina / Raina, wife of Jerzy Szemet and Michal Despot Zienowicz, wasn't above Apolonia / Polonia. Countess Krystyna Tyszkiewiczowna b. 1650 was wife of Krzysztof Kuncewicz, 2nd Jerzy Szemet, 3rd to Michal Despot Zienowicz / Zenowicz.

Antoni Jurewicz / Jurjewicz, Antoni, born 1735, married to Agnieszka Konstantynowicz.
His genealogy below:
Lukasz Mateusz Jurewicz / Jurjewicz, Łukasz Mateusz, Captain of Hussars, born in 1660
[his father Jurjewicz, Aleksander, b. 1635; grandparents: Jurjewicz, Jan, landowner, b. ca 1605 + Zofia Dowojna];
his sons:
Jurjewicz, Piotr, officer in Troki, b. 1690, and Jurjewicz, Franciszek Felicjan, lieutenant in Troki, b. 1695.
Below children of above Jurjewicz, Franciszek Felicjan, of Troki, b. 1695:
Jurjewicz, Tomasz, b. December 1720;
Jurjewicz, Stanisław, of Nowogrodek, b. 1725;
Antoni Jurewicz / Jurjewicz, Antoni, born 1735, married to Agnieszka Konstantynowicz;
Jurjewicz, Adam, b. 1740 m. Marianna.

Antoni Jurjewicz and Agnieszka Jurjewicz born Konstantynowicz, had 7 children; sons: Tadeusz Jurewicz, born 1783; Ignacy Nikodem Jurjewicz; Michał Jurjewicz [and Jozef ??].
Above Tadeusz Jurewicz married Wiktoria Swięcicka; they had daughter Tekla Wojniusz (born Jurewicz), born 1806;
Tekla married Jan Wojniusz in 1846; Jan was born in 1823. They had 4 children - son Julian Wojniusz.

Josephine Friedrichs nee Mercier b. 1778 - d. 1824; 1805, arrived to St. Petersburg, as an actress, in search of her husband. In London she married to Colonel Alexander von Friedrichs, a personal aide-adjutant Emperor. She found her husband in 1807 and divorced. Constantine Pavlovich / Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov met her 1807, in 1816, she taken name Juliana M. / Ulyana Mihajlovna Alexandrova. In 1820, Juliana M. married Colonel Weiss. Her son Alexandrov in 1829 was appointed aide-adjutant to His Imperial Majesty, and in 1831 took part in the war against the Polish insurgents. 1846 - a major general; 1855 was appointed adjutant-general, and 1856 lieutenant general. Aleksandrov Pavel K. married in 1833 to Shcherbatova, Princess Anna Alexandrovna; Pavel K. Alexandrov died 1857.
The count Albert R. de Gern - Earl, member of the Russian-French Chamber of Commerce, Board Member: The Russian-French Commercial Bank and the Society of the Bryansk factories; the secretary of French society 'Russian Mining and Metallurgical Union', the French agent in Russia, and member of the board of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company. Neighbour of count Albert von Gern at I. Lidvall / Lidval house in 1912 - 1916 in St Petersburg: M. N. Weiss, the daughter of Vice Admiral; Weiss, Alexander Konstantinovich; he was born 1870, was Rear-admiral on 12 June 1916; he graduated from the Maritime School; commanded a torpedo boat and destroyers; after the October Revolution in the service of the Reds. Chief of Staff of the Red Baltic Fleet to 1919. Arrested in 1931, 1933 and 1935 exiled to Orenburg. His father: Weiss, Konstantin b. 1839 d. 1917. He was born on August 5, 1839 in Tsarskoye Selo, came from the nobility of the province of Estonia. On May 14, 1896 was promoted to lieutenant general. June 6, 1907 Weiss was promoted to General of Infantry. General Weiss was living in St. Petersburg (Petrograd) in 1917 at Nicholas Road, 59 where he died August 22, 1917. And next of kin Konstantin von Weiss born July 29, 1877 in Tsarskoye Selo, died in Augsburg; during the Civil War, the commander of the Baltic Battalion of the Estonian Army. Baltic Regiment was formed in early 1919 in Estonia of the volunteers - Baltic Germans and since the spring of 1919 worked with the North-Western Army. October 1919 was part of 3rd Infantry Division, then worked as a part of the 1st Army.

C.
The CARLIER name is French Huguenot, French Protestants and in 1720 Jan CARLIER born in Amsterdam, North Holland had two children born in Colombo, Sri Lanka which was colonized by the Dutch. Mary Josephine Carlier - maybe she is Mary Carlier, b. 1811, daughter of Daniel Carlier and Mary Marlain;
sister of Henry Augustus Carlier; William Evans Carlier and David Evans Carlier, half sister of Daniel Carlier - copyright by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com. Above Daniel Carlier, b. 1766, London, England; died 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India, son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier; inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst, Rachel Cowan, Stephen R Johnson and Stephen David Berryman.
Daniel Carlier m. Mary Marlain; he was born in 1770 or 1766 at London, England (? - in Colombo, Sri Lanka), d. 1822 / 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India. Son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier.
Husband of Mary Marlain; father of Henry Augustus Carlier; Mary Carlier; William Evans Carlier; David Evans Carlier and Daniel Carlier; brother of Isaac Carlier, half brother of Abraham Carlier, inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com in 2009; Mary MARLAIN b. ca 1770, d. 1855 Ootacamund; he was working as Conductor of Madras Invalids; is the man who leaves the Huguenot community in London to go to India. Daniel's parents were Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier, both born in London; he married a woman from Colombo, Mary Marlain, in 1807 in India, but he had also son Daniel, born about 1796. He had son Daniel second who married Eliza Grace Evans in 1829 in Palamcottah, Madras from his third wife - her father may be William Evans. Mary Carlier (Marlain) b. ca 1770 in Colombo, Ceylon; d. 1855 in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India.

And now on the MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris and of IRELAND:
The Round Table movement, founded in 1909 - acc. to historian Carroll Quigley - was connected to a secret society named the 'Society of the Elect' with Cecil Rhodes, Stead and Lord Rothschild as his designated successors, and also Milner, Reginald Baliol Brett Lord Esher, Cardinal Manning, Lord Arthur Balfour, Lord Albert Grey and Sir Harry Johnston; Carroll Quigley claims in 'Tragedy and Hope' that Rhodes's 'Society of the Elect' was established in 1889 - 1891; an outer circle known as the Association of Helpers was later organised by Milner as the Round Table; its sister organisations: Lionel Curtis founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs in 1920, and Walter Lippmann in 1921 - the Council on Foreign Relations, in America. See also: Alexander May, The Round Table, 1910-66, ed. by University of Oxford.
At this same year, 1909 descendant of Samuel Konarski founded the groundwork of modern English MI5 counterintelligence. KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel b. 1802 in Cracow or in 1803 in Praszka, west of Czestochowa; he was son of Joachim Konarski; Alexander Samuel or KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel was wine merchant in England, like Paul Armand who opened in Moscow own wine shop. Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski married to Harriet Fraser Lucas; he was transcribed as 'Alexander Kowaraki'. She come from the Irish family, Philip Monoux was the West India and Colombia merchant, plantation owner and slave-factor. Philip Monoux Lucas was a partner in a number of companies and resided in the West Indies between about 1802 and 1810, acted in the Lang, Chauncy & Lucas (address: at 39 Wilson Street Finsbury Square in 1834). Monoux Lucas died in 1830. Emma, the daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and Sarah Lucas, married Edward Walker, a London solicitor who left L500,000 on his death in 1872. "James Mad Lucas" or "The Hermit of Hertfordshire", was son of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah nee Beesly. Above Nathaniel Snell Chauncy, 1789 - 1856, son of Charles Snell Chauncy ne Snell, who died in 1809, and brother of Charles Snell Chauncy. West India merchant, partner with Philip Monoux Lucas and Charles Porcher Lang in Chauncy, Lucas & Lang until Lucas's death in 1830. Harriet Fraser Lucas / Harriet Fraser Konarska was daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah and she was one of the "heirs of Philip Monoux Lucas" identified as a beneficiary of his estate. She married above mentioned Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski at St Pancras in London, 1839. Died in 9 Bedford Place, Brighton in 1871.
Children of Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski / Samuel Konarski / Konasski / Alexander Kowaraki:
a. Samuel Philip Lucas Konarski b. 1843,
b. Marie Konarska b. 1853 / Maria Alexandrina Stuart Konarski or Marian Alexandrina Stuart died 1926, in 1845 living in Kensington, 1846 court against George Lucas;
c. Georgina Augusta Konarska b. 1855 / Georgina Augustus Kell nee Konarski.
Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski was died on 14 January 1893 in Nice, France; was a doctor, emigrated to England.
We know also on Thomas / Tomasz Paschalis Seweryn Konarski / KONARSKI Tomasz Paschalis (1792-1878) General 1830-1831, from Zarczyce close to Malogoszcz; in Zarczyce Duze in 1700 was born Stanislaw Konarski actual name Hieronim Konarski; died 1878 - Auxerre. His father lieutenant of the Austrian Army born 1742. Grandfather 1699-1756. Tomasz Konarski married two times: in 1822, Warszawa, and in France.
Marie Melanie Edwige KONARSKA 1855-1940 m. 1880, Auxerre to Isidore ROZE 1848-1934 with Marie Therese Eleonore ROZE 1881-1971 m. 1899 to Henri LIONS with Hedwige LIONS b. 1900. We know also that Samuel Alexander Konarski played at roulette in the casino in Monte Carlo with high luck; a surgeon by profession, a participant of November Uprising 1830 - 1831, during which he was wounded, awarded the Golden Cross of the Virtue Military; after the uprising, he emigrated to England, where he was occupied at large scale in wine trade, thanks to help of Treasury (see below a note). He spend the winter in warmer corners of Europe, including Monte Carlo, Nice, Monaco. He left a considerable wealth, for which his daughter Emma bought a large collection of art. Unfortunately, after her death, none of this collection was provided to Polish museums, but only to the collections of the Vatican Museum, the Museum of Cluny in Paris and the City Museum in Pau (France).
Georgina Augusta Konarska was born in 1855 at Brussels, Belgium. She was the daughter of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas. She married, firstly, Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell, son of Robert J. Kell and Amelia Fearn, in 1873 at St. George at Hanover Square, London, England. She and Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell were divorced in 1892. She married, secondly, James Allcard in 1893 at St. Pancras, London, England. Child of Georgina Augusta Konarska and Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell: Maj.-Gen. Sir Vernon George Waldegrave Kell b. 1873, d. 1942.
Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski was born on 1 September 1803 at Praszka, Poland. He married Harriet Fraser Lucas. He died on 14 January 1893 at age 89 at Nice, France; was a doctor, emigrated to England. He gained the rank of officer in the service of the 1st Podhalian Rifle Regiment, Polish Army in the Polish-Russian War in 1830.
Children of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas:
1. Marie Konarska b. 1853; 2. Georgina Augusta Konarska b. 1855. Marie Konarska was born in 1853 at London, England. She was the daughter of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas.
Amelia Fearn was born in 1821 at London, England. She married Robert J. Kell in 1845 at St. Pancras, London. From 1845, her married name became Kell.
Children of Amelia Fearn and Robert J. Kell:
1. Robert Kell b. 1846; 2. Emmeline Kell b. 1848; 3. Constance Kell b. 1849; 4. Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell b. 1850, d. 1915.
Konarski family (Calvinist): Joachim Konarski (his son Samuel Alexander Ernest was born 1802/1803 in Krakow, emigrated to London, after 1830-31 war with Russia, died Nice, France aged 90, 14 January 1893; descendants of Alexander's daughters in UK & France. Joachim was created a count of Galicia.
Widow and trustee of the West India merchant, plantation owner and slave-factor Philip Monoux Lucas: the wife of Philip Monoux Lucas is shown as 'Sarah' (born Ireland) in the baptisms of their children and in Philip Monoux Lucas's will which names their surviving children as Anna Maria, Harriet Fraser, Emma, James and George.
Anna Maria Lucas married the Austrian Joseph Ferdinand Count de Taafe and Harriet Fraser Lucas married Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski.
Sarah Lucas was living at 7 Cambridge Terrace in 1841, age 60, of independent means, born Ireland, with her children James age 25, Emma age 20, George age 22.

KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel (1803-1893) was son of Joachim Konarski and unknown wife.

Major S. P. LUCAS KONARSKI, late 25th Regt. and King's Own Scottish Borderers, only son of COUNT ALEXANDER KONARSKI, born 1843, d. at Torquay on 11 Dec. 1887, aged 44.

Patrick MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris, banker
[only son of Valentine MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris, banker, who was b. in Macroom in the province of Munster, Ireland, Munster is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the south of Ireland; by his wife, a daughter of Count Alexander Konarski, Officer de Chasseurs polonaise. Patrick was in Apr. 1896 created by Pope Leo XIII as MARQUESS MACSWINEY OF MASHANAGLASS (McSweeney / MARCHESE MACSWINEY DI MASHANAGLASS)].
In the mid 19th century the representatives of John McSweeny held a land in the county Cork at the parishes of Kilnaglory and St Finbarrs - barony of Cork, and John McSweeney held a land in the parish of Drishane - barony of West Muskerry. In the 1870s various members of the McSweeney family owned acreages of 100+ around Cork city and John McSweeney of Macroom owned 599 acres. The MacSwiney family originally held land at Mashanaglass near Macroom.
Valentine Emanuel Patrick MacSwiney / McSweeney (1871-1945), son of Valentine P. MacSwiney / McSweeney, a banker, was born in Paris and created a Marquess by Pope Leo XIII.
Philip Monoux Lucas was a partner in a number of companies and resided in the West Indies between about 1802 and 1810. He acted as an agent for the sale of slaves on the island of St Vincent. The James & Co. report that their ship Stork is ready to sail for Angola to ... the West Indies, calling first at Barbados. The Liverpool firm requests Lucas & Co. to lodge a letter in Barbados with information respecting the market for slaves in St Vincent.

Caroline Lee Radziwill née Bouvier; born 1933, also known as Lee Radziwill, the younger sister of the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, and sister-in-law of President John F. Kennedy. Caroline has been married three times. Her first marriage, in 1953, was to Michael Temple Canfield, maybe son of Prince George, Duke of Kent, a member of the British Royal Family; she was married second in 1959, to Polish prince Stanisław Albrecht Radziwiłł, who divorced his second wife, the former Grace Maria Kolin; their marriage ended in divorce in 1974.
Prince Stanisław Albrecht "Stash" Radziwiłł, b. 1914, d. 1976, was son of Janusz Franciszek, Prince Radziwiłł (1880 - 1967) and Anna, Princess Lubomirska (1882 - 1947). Janusz Franciszek, Prince Radziwiłł was son of Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Pelagia Sapieha.
Ferdynand Fryderyk Radziwiłł (1834 in Berlin - 1926 in Rome) was a Polish nobleman and Polish-German politician, son of Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł b. 1809 - Boguslaw was great-grandson of King Frederick William I of Prussia, great-great-grandson of King George I of Great Britain, cousin of William I, German Emperor and Tsar Alexander II of Russia.

Hugh D. Auchincloss / Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. b. 1897 in Newport, Rhode Island, United States, died 1976; education at Yale University, stockbroker, lawyer, married Maya de Chrapovitsky in 1925 to 1932; 2nd Nina S. Gore (m. 1935-41), 3rd Janet Lee Bouvier (m. 1942); children Hugh Dudley Auchincloss III, Nina Gore Auchincloss, Thomas Gore, Janet Jennings Auchincloss, James Lee.

Maya de Chrapovitsky's parents:
Count Nicolas de Chrapovitsky Lieut. Col., born Sankt-Peterburg, Russia; died 1905 in Port Arthur, China; he was in the Russian Navy and was killed at Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. He married to Margharita Taylor b. 07.02.1872, d. Los Angeles, 1942. Children - Olga de Chrapovitsky b. 1898 m. Edward R. Condon; and above Maya de Chrapovitsky b. 1899 m. 1st Hugh Dudley Auchincloss Jr, 2nd Eldbridge Rand.
Maya de Chrapovitsky's grandparents: Henry Augustus Taylor 1839 - 1899, and Mary Anna Meyer ca 1844 - 1878.
Her sister was Olga de Chrapovitsky b. 1898, Saint Petersburg, d. 1991, Laguna Beach, CA.
We know on MARIA CHRAPOWICKA the wife to Karol Epstein b. ca 1890, that is Maria Chrapowicka born to Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 and Maria Jaksa-Dębicka 1863-1909. Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 was son of Ignacy Antoni Chrapowicki b. 1817 in Witebsk, Vitebsk; d. 1893; grandson of Eustachy Chrapowicki / Chrapovickis b. circa 1790. Eustachy was the son of Józef Chrapowicki 1750 - 1812 and Magdalena Ogińska b. 1760 daughter of Józef Ogiński and Apolonija WYHOWSKA - Oginskiene.
Remember - A.
Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Łuczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz senior b. ca 1675, and grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki.
B.
Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 or 1780 - 1812, son of
Tadeusz Wankowicz that is Антон Тадэвушавіч Ваньковіч / Antoni Wańkowicz / Антон Тадеушевич Ванькович, 1780 - 1812, the Marshal of the Ihumen district (1805 - 1808) (preceded by Michael S. Prushinskiy, succeeded Osztarp / Leo Franzevich Oshtarp 1785 - 1851), landowner of the Minsk government. Catholic.
His father Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz junior [b. ca 1720 ? - see above !] son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior
(Tadeusz Wańkowicz / Wladyslaw Tadeusz Wankowicz was clerk of the Lithuania Court in 1711, 1717, 1722, 1726, in Minsk 1730, member of the Parliament in 1730, owner of the Swołna / Swolna / Svolna estate - then Zarako Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz - in 1725, was born ca 1675, his wife Helena Wołodkowicz b. ca 1685; his parents: Jan Wańkowicz inf. 1671, b. ca 1646, m. Zofia Chrapowicki owner of the Swołna estate, the Połock clark, she was daughter of Tomasz Chrapowicki; Tomasz Chrapowicki studied in Cracow in 1633, office in Polock in 1668, owner of the Swołna land estate, b. ca 1615, d. after 1668)
that is Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich (Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of above Tadeusz Wankowicz), and his wife Anna Antonievna Sventarzhetskaya / Anna Swietorzecka b. ca 1735;
wife of Tadeusz Wankowicz that is Антон Тадэвушавіч Ваньковіч / Antoni Wańkowicz / Антон Тадеушевич Ванькович, 1780 - 1812 was Anna Stanislavovna Soltan.


The Chrapowicki family:

Lieutenant Nikolai Sergeyevich Khrapovitsky / Khrapovitsky Nikolai Sergeevich / Храповицкий Николай Сергеевич died 1905.05.15 close to Cushima / Tsushima; Lieutenant, the chief officer of the watch. He died on the battleship Emperor Alexander III in the battle with the Japanese in the Tsushima Strait. Sunk 14 (27) May 1905 at 18:50. None of the battleship team escaped. He come from Jason Khrapovitsky Semenovich (1785-1851) - Russian military and statesman, Major General, privy councilor, governor of Smolensk.

Jason S. Khrapovitsky [Ясон, Язон, Иасон, Джейсон, Жазон] was son of Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Chrapowicki [see below !] and Maria Lvovna Chernysheva; Jason was the husband of Elizabeth Andreyevna Kleinmichel (1795-1842). Above Elizabeth Andreyevna Kleinmichel / Елизавета Андреевна Храповицкая nee Клейнмихель [wife of named above JASON CHRAPOWICKI], 1795 - 1842, was the daughter of Andreas (Andrej Andreevič) Kleinmichel and Anna Eleonore (Elizaveta Francovna); sister of Peter (Pyotr Andreevich) Graf Kleinmichel; Marie Hartong and Варвара Андреевна Огарева.

JASON was the father of Sergei Yasonovich Khrapovitsky b. 1829 [Sergei was the husband of Alexandra Pavlovna Khrapovitsky; staff captain retired in 1879]; JASON was the brother of Ivan Semenovich Khrapovitsky and Stepan Semenovich Khrapovitsky. Jason was Major General, and member of the Internal Affairs Ministry Council, military service began in 1801 with the rank of non-commissioned officer of the Horse Guards. In 1802 transferred to Pavlograd Hussars, participated in the war 1805-1806, in Saxony, Bavaria, Austria and Prussia.

Above Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Семён Яковлевич Храповицки / Chrapowicki (1752 - 1819), was a nobility marshal of the Yukhnovsky district.

Above Sergej b. 1829 had son Nikolai Chrapowicki / Mikolaj Chrapowicki / Храповицкий Николай Сергеевич b. ca 1860 / 1870, died on 14 May 1905 or 1905.05.15; and his granddaugter was Maria Maja Chrapowicka b. 1899. Maria Nikolayevna "Maya" Chrapovitsky Rand b. 1899 in Saint Petersburg; died in San Diego County in California, USA, had a son - Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1927 - 2015).

Józef Chrapowicki, was the son of Dominik Chrapowicki.
Jozef had brother Eustachy Chrapowicki [see below !].
JOZEF was Army Major General; Member of Smolensk, and the Polotsk Province on the election of King Stanisław August. In 1765, a judge of the Smolensk land, office in Mścisław in 1784; inf. of 1786, 1785, 1787, 1774 owner of Dworzno; 1791, m. Helena Suffczynska, childless.
Above Dominik Chrapowicki / Дементий Михайлович Храповицкий b. ca 1695, was son of Михаил Андреевич Храповицкий [Michail b. ca 1660, died 1710, was son of ANDRZEJ CHRAPOWICKI / Андрей Яковлевич Храповицкий b. ca 1640] and Наталья Ивановна
DOMINIK / Dementij was a taskmaster.
Named Dominik Chrapowicki born before 1700, d. 1729, was the husband of Rozalia Rypińska, and was the father of above
Eustachy Chrapowicki;
Jerzy Chrapowicki / Юрий (Георгий) Дементьевич Храповицкий;
Иван Дементьевич Храповицкий / Jan Chrapowicki;
Jakov - Colonel of Smolensk (1741), and a judge of Smolensk (1780);
and mentioned above Józef Chrapowicki b. ca 1729.

Mentioned above Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Семён Яковлевич Храповицки / Chrapowicki (1752 - 1819) was son of mentioned above Jakob / Jacob / Яков Дементьевич Храповицкий b. ca 1725, and grandson of Dementiy / Dominikas / DOMINIK Chrapowicki / Дементий Михайлович Храповицкий b. ca 1695.

Mentioned above Eustachy Chrapowicki, the judge in Polotsk, in 1765 the Swolna estate owner;
with Balbina Pakoszówna had a
son Piotr Celestine Chrapowicki who bought Sielut / SIELUTA in 1805, served the Russian Army, m. Helena Górecka with her son
Michał Chrapowicki, Marshal of the province of Vitebsk, married to Countess Lidia Apraksin. His sons:
Aleksander, an officer of the Russian Chevalier;
N. Teplov; and
Dimitri Chrapowicki married with lady of the Russian court.

Eustachy Chrapowicki, come from a branch of Jan Chrapowicki, inf. Vitebsk, Mozyr in 1623, the owner of Kochanowicze in the province of Polotsk, married to Christine Łowejko / Krystyna Lowejko, and had several sons and a daughter, Helena, married to Prince Dimitri Ogiński in 1650.

The same branch of Chrapowicki: after it goes - named above
Dominik + Rozalia Rypinska,
and Tomasz Chrapowicki, inf. Polotsk in 1668;
Theophilus in Polotsk, assets from King Jan III.

Dominik Chrapowicki, owner of Kochanowicze, the estate then passed on to his son Eustachy Chrapowicki, who was born by Rozalia Rypińska.

Eustachy Chrapowicki inf. Starodub in 1765, 1775; in 1779 m. Teresa Szczyt;
her son was Józef Chrapowicki;
his father in Starodub in 1778, then was the Polock / Polotsk province marshal of the nobility.

Józef Chrapowicki in 1812 divorced with Franciszka Hryniewiecka (she m. Woyniłłowicz),
and 2nd time married to a princess Magdalena Oginska with sons:
Antoni; Michal Chrapowicki, and Eustachy jr. b. 1790;

below sons of above Józef Chrapowicki:

1) Anthony 1775-1851 married (two times: N. Wolska b. 1790; Ewelina)
to Ewelina Mirska / Ewelina Światopełk-Mirska, owner of Datnow, his sons:
Adam, b. 1820, the owner of Datnow;
Gabriel / Gabryel, 1820 - 1881, owner of Terespol;
and daughters, Stanisława Kłobukowska and Antonina Kreutz.
Above Ewelina Chrapowicka nee Światopełk-Mirska, daughter of Stanisław Wojciech Światopełk-Mirski and Stanisława; wife of Antoni Chrapowicki; mother of Gabriel Chrapowicki; Adam Chrapowicki and Antonina Kreutz, by Andrzej Hennel.
Mentioned above Adam Chrapowicki married three times:
a. Maria Römer b. 1829, d. 1852, daughter of Józef Römer and Aleksandra; she was mother of Ewelina Lubieniecka in 1871 m. to January Lubieniecki.
b. Kamila Berg / Camilla Berg, with son son Eustachy Chrapowicki, who died in his youth, and
c. Sophie Chlewińska with son Anthony (Zofia Chlewińska daughter of Jan Paweł Laurentius Chlewiński and Franciszka Puzyna; mother of Antoni Chrapowicki).
Antoni Chrapowicki married to Helena Janczewski b. 1875, daughter of Kazimierz and Helena Oskierko; owner of Terespol.

2) Michał Chrapowicki, Marschall of Dzisna county, and Minsk Province, owner of Jasnogórki and Korolla in Zmudz, and Prozorok in the county of Dzisna,
m. Joanna Okuszkówna / Okuszko with
a son and a daughter:
a. Kazimierz Chrapowicki 1817-1881 married to
Adela Ciechanowiecka 1823-1887 with children:
Włodzimierz Chrapowicki 1848-1909, Edward Chrapowicki 1853-1905; b. Józefa Chrapowicka b. (?) 1820 m. Stanisław Makowiecki b. 1800 with children:
Leontyna Makowiecka 1830-1902, Eugeniusz Makowiecki, Wincenty Makowiecki, Walerian Makowiecki.

Note on above
Kazimierz Chrapowicki / Казимир Михайлович Храповицкий b. 1817 / 1818, died in 1881 in Warsaw, 1837 officer, General lieutenant, war in 1849, 1856 at the Baltic Sea coast; 1877 Bessarabia.
His brother was Arkadiusz Chrapowicki / Arkady, m. to Stefania Radziwill.
His father Michal Mikolaj Chrapowicki b. 1780, and brother of his father -
Antoni Chrapowicki m. Ewelina Kamilla Ewa Swiatopelk-Mirska;
grandparents of above Kazimierz: Jozef / Josil Chrapowicki and Magdalena Oginska b. ca 1760; her brother was Ignacy Oginski b. 1755, d. 1787, m. Jozefa.

Ignacy Ogiński Duke, son of Józef Ogiński and Antonina Biallozor, husband of Józefa Zofia Łopacińska, and father of Paulina Antonina Franciszka Łopacińska and Gabriel Józef Ogiński Duke; half brother of Helena Wiktoria Łopacińska and mentioned Magdalena Chrapowicka - inf. by Andrzej Hennel.

Gabriel Jozef Andrzej Oginski 1784-1842, Duke, General in 1831, next of kin of Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833).
His parents Ignacy Oginski 1755-1787 and Jozefa Zofia Oginska (b. 1760).
Gabriel Jozef Andrzej Oginski in 1806 served the Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
Ignacy Ogiński b. 1755, son of Józef Ogiński
(Józef Ogiński 1713 in the Krzywy Róg county, d. 1776, son of Karol Ogiński;
Karol b. ca 1690
[his brother was
Marcjan Oginski / Marcian Michal Oginski b. 1672 in Witebsk
with children:
Benedykta Tyszkiewicz d. before 1748,
Barbara Pac d. 1725,
Ignacy Oginski b. 1698,
Marciana Potocka b. ca 1700 d. 1766,
Stanisław Ogiński 1710 - 1748,
Tadeusz Franciszek Ogiński 1712 - 1783,
Andrzej Ignacy Ogiński 1739 - 1787 with his children:
Józefa Ogińska, and
born 1765 in Guzow famous Michał Kleofas Ogiński 1765 - 1833 with his children:
Emma Brzostowska / Wysocka,
Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński 1798 - 1844,
Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński 1801 - 1837,
Amelia Załuska 1805 - 1858,
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski 1808 - 1863, with his children:
Bogdan Michał Ogiński + Maria Gabriela Potulicka 1855 - 1927,
and Michał Mikołaj Ogiński];
great-grandson of Bogusław Ogiński 1669 - 1730 from Szymon Karol / Symeon Ogiński b. ca 1621, died in 1699 and Teodora Korsak)
and Antonina;
father of Paulina Antonina Franciszka Łopacińska and above mentioned Gabriel Józef Ogiński b. 1784.

Sons of above named Kazimierz Chrapowicki:
Edward, and Wlodzimierz / Vladimir Kazimirovich Chrapowicki m. Maria Jadwiga Aleksandra Kossakowska with children:
1. Aleksandra Maria Adelaida / Adela nee Chrapowicka b. 1882 d. 1941, m. Jozef Edward Puzyna b. 1878, Duke;
2. Maria Klotylda Waleria Chrapowicka 1896 - 1944 m. Aleksander Apoloniusz Taube 1885 - 1946, Baron, with children:
a. Aleksandra Maria Wręcka born 1922 d. 1993 in Westmead in Australia, m. Stanislaw Oertel b. 1910 / 1920 (family from Lithuania, samples: Oertel Jan, in Janowiciszki, Radziwiliszki, Szawle; Oertel Karol, in Poszawsze, Szawle; Oertel, in Poszymsze; Oertel, Wiktoryn),
and b. Zofia Gustawa Gozdawa born 1925 - inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene at geni.com.

Michał Chrapowicki with his second wife -
Jozefa Korsak had

son Arkadyusz married Stefania Julia Radziwiłł 1825-1896.


Genealogy of Stefania Julia nee Radziwill:

she come from famous Stanisław Radziwiłł Duke, b. 1722

(Stanisław Radziwiłł 1722-1787, was a member of the Confederation of Andrzej Mokronowski in 1776 and Member of Parliament in 1776. Andrzej Mokronowski b. 1713 - d. 1784, was one of the first Polish Masons, he founded Masonic lodge of the Three Brothers in Warsaw in 1744; he was Grand Master of the Grand Orient of the Polish Kingdom and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1784. He was the second husband of Izabella Poniatowska, sister of Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski),

with his son Mikołaj Radziwiłł b. 1747; and his son was also Mikołaj Radziwiłł junior b. 1801, with daughter mentioned above Stefania Julia Radziwiłł Princess, b. 1825, m. ca 1840 to Arkadiusz Chrapowicki and 2nd to Kajetan Oskierka with child: Adolf Oskierka / Oskierko b. ca 1868 - d. 1901.

Above Kazimierz Chrapowicki 1817 - 1881, son of Michal Mikolaj Chrapowicki and Joanna Radwan-Okuszko, was husband of Adela and father of Włodzimierz Chrapowicki and Edward Chrapowicki.
Kazimierz Chrapowicki, Major General of the Russian army; his wife Adelaide Ciechanowiecki had mentioned sons,
Vladimir and Edward.
Adelaide that is Adela Ciechanowiecka b. 1823.

Vladimir Chrapowicki, general of the Russian army, married in 1881 to Marya Kossakowska, daughter of Stanisław Kossakowski and Aleksandra Chodkevičiai / Alexandra Chodkiewicz, with
daughter Alexandra and their sons,
Ignacy, born in 1884;
Sigismund born in 1885;
Jozef Chrapowicki, born in 1887;
and Stanisław, born in 1891.
Edward Chrapowicki, the colonel of the Russian Imperial Army, married in 1879 to Leopoldine Lachnicki, daughter of Ignacy, general of the imperial Russian army.


3) Eustachy Chrapowicki b. 1790, m. in 1810 to Amelia Gorska 1793-1866, daughter of
Stanisław August Gorski b. 1745 and
Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1767-1796;

his children:
a. Ignacy Antoni, Marschall of the Witebsk gov., 1817-1893 m. Salomea Czechowicz b. 1830 with
aa. Michał Chrapowicki b. 1860 + Józefa Śmigielska with Ignacy Michał Chrapowicki 1888-1969 and Stanisław Chrapowicki b. 1900;
ab. Maria Chrapowicka 1862-1887;
ac. Jadwiga Maria Chrapowicka 1863-1942 m. Teofil Stanisław Plater-Zyberk 1862-1918 with
Marian Plater-Zyberk b. 1891 and
Ignacy Emil Plater-Zyberk 1893-1973;
Henryk Plater-Zyberk 1894-1920;
Ireneusz Plater-Zyberk 1896-1946;
ad. Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 m. Maria Jaksa-Dębicka 1863-1909 with
Eustachy Marian Chrapowicki 1892-1937; Antonina Chrapowicka 1894-1978; Witold Chrapowicki 1900-1964; Ignacy Chrapowicki b. 1900;
Maria Chrapowicka;
b. Amela Julia Chrapowicka 1820-1866 m. Aloizy Swołyński of Kniażyce b. 1830 with
Amelia Swołyńska 1858-1890 + Michał Benisławski 1860-1933 with
Michał Benisławski 1884-1971,
Juliusz Benisławski 1885-1972,
Jadwiga Benisławska 1890-1926.

About Kochanowicze / Kochanavichi of the Chrapowicki family, Asveja, Stara Swolna (Malkiewicz), Zaborze / Zaborje, Holubowo palace of Zarako Zarakowski and Kniaziewo or Kniażyce / Княжыцы, Княжицы, Kniażyce, Kniažycy; the Swolna estate of Zarako-Zarakowski - here Konstantynowicz also:
Kochanowicz to Zaborze - 11 km south-east; Kochanowicz to Holubowo south-east ca 14 km; Zaborze to Holubowo 3 km south-west; Kochanowicz to Stara Swolna - south-east ca 9 km; Kochanowicz to the Swolna estate ca 10 km south-east.
Verkhnyadzvinsk / Dryssa to Kochanowicze north-east ca 18 km.

Count Jozef Zarakowski / Zarako - Zarakovski. Born ca 1833 (like Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833), owner of Holubowo palace, Kniaziewo estate, big Swolna lands, Wasilewo village in the Dryssa ujezd, the Witebsk government, Russia.
His wife Teofila.

c. Maria Tekla Kazimiera Chrapowicka 1826-1887 m. Michał Józef Jan Niemirowicz-Szczytt b. 1828 with
Justynian Eustachy Józef Niemirowicz-Szczytt m. Franciszka Szemiot.
Stanisław August Gorski b. 1745 m. Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1767-1796, with mentioned above Amelia Gorska 1793-1866, that is Amelija Gorskaite m. Eustachijus Chrapovickis.
Eustachy Chrapowicki / Eustache, owner of Kochanowicze, Russian Marshal, m. Amelia Berg with three daughters, of whom
Marya married Michał Peak (?), and
Amela / Amela Julia Chrapowicka 1820-1866 m. Aloizy Swołyński b. 1830.
ALOJZY Swołyński b. ca 1820, d. after 1881, son of Trojan and Anna Korsak, owner of Kniażyce close to Swolna, and Rozalin, office in the Dryssa county, the Marshal of this county in 1881,
m. 1st in 1851 to Konstancja Roszkowska and
2nd to above Julia Chrapowicka b. ca 1835 ? died 1866, daughter of Eustachy of Kochanowicze, and Amelia Gorska;
Julia had daughter Amelia.
Ignacy Chrapowicki, owner of Kochanowicze, Marshal of Goverment of Vitebsk, m. Salomea Czechowicz, with his son,
Maryan, m. to Maria Debicka in 1887 in Krakow, and
his daughters, Marya and
Jadwiga m. Teofil Zyberg - Plater.

Józef Chrapowicki, son of Dominik Chrapowicki, and his brother Eustachy Chrapowicki, as Army Major General; Member of Smolensk, Polotsk Province on the election of King Stanisław August. In 1765, a judge of the Smolensk land, office in Mścisław in 1784; inf. of 1786, 1785, 1787, 1774 owner of Dworzno; 1791, m. Helena Suffczynska, childless.

Dominik Chrapowicki b. circa 1700, d. 1729, husband of Rozalia Rypińska, father of Eustachy Chrapowicki; Jan Chrapowicki;
his son Eustachy Chrapowicki, the judge in Polotsk, in 1765 the Swolna estate owner;
with Balbina Pakoszówna had a
son Piotr Celestine Chrapowicki; who bought Sielut in 1805, served the Russian Army, m. Helena Górecka with his
son Michał, Marshal of the province of Vitebsk, married to Countess Lidia Apraksin.
His sons:
Aleksander, an officer of the Russian Chevalier;
N. Teplov; and
Dimitri married with lady of the Russian court.
We back to Józef Pakosz, 1690-1747 married Teresa Pakosz nee Despot - Zenowicz in 1722; Teresa was born in 1690. They had one daughter Balbina Chrapowicka.
Helena Chrapowicka in 1667 m. Karol Lisowski, colonel.
Anna Chrapowicka in the early eighteenth century m. Jan Lacki, Chamberlain of Samogitia;
Christine Chrapowicka m. Jozef Stefan Piotrowski 1721.


Maria Nikolayevna "Maya" Chrapovitsky Rand b. 1899 in Saint Petersburg; died in San Diego County in California, USA.
Her son - Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1927 - 2015).
Maya de Chrapovitsky was a Russian aristocrat who was born in St. Petersburg. She was the daugther of Count Nicolas de Chrapovitsky, who died in 1905, and of Margharita Taylor. 1925, New York, she married the wealthy Hugh Dudley Auchincloss Jr., having one son: Yusha. Yusha's parents divorced, and his father wed Nina Gore, mother of novelist Gore Vidal. That marriage ended, too, after less than six years. Maya died in 1990.
Maya had a son, Charles, by Elbridge Rand. Charles was the half-brother of Hugh Auchinclos; her son, Charles Rand, lived at her house in La Jolla, California. When she met Auchincloss, she was working as a waitress.
Hugh Dudley AUCHINCLOSS Jr. born 1897 in Newport, R.I.; died 1976 in Washington, D.C.; he married 1. Maya de CHRAPOVITSKY in 1925; 2. GORE, Nina; 3. LEE, Janet Norton.
Hugh Dudley AUCHINCLOSS III was born in 1927. Hugh D. Auchincloss III (Yusha) was Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis' step-brother and close personal friend. After his father married Janet Lee Bouvier in June 1942, Yusha, and Jackie, spent summers together at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island, and corresponded extensively until her death in 1994.


Adamson was the first to publish letters betweeen the de Mohrenschildts to President Kennedy, Jacqueline Kennedy BOUVIER, Vice-President Lyndon Baines Johnson, CIA Directors Allen Dulles and George H. W. Bush.

GEORGE DE MOHRENSCHILDT who was born in Mozyr / Mozyrz, and escaped with family to Poland, in 1939 worked for Humble Oil in Houston, Texas. 1944 moved to Texas, applied at Colorado School of Mines, Rice Institute and University of Texas. Worked in Venezuela. George in 1946 returned to the United States. Went to work for Rangely Field Committee in Colorado; met Phyllis Washington during vacation in New York. 1947 went to Haiti.
After Second World War George de Mohrenschildt advanced within State Department, CIA and governmental circles. George H. W. Bush knew George de Mohrenschildt since 1942.
Allen Dulles knew de Mohrenschildt's brother in 1953.
George knew Jackie Kennedy and her mother Janet Bouvier in 1938, also knew Mrs. Kennedy's dress designer Oleg Cassini and his brother Igor. George was business partners with Mohamed Al Fayed in 1964. Fayed had an affair with Alexandra de Mohrenschildt and James Angleton of the CIA was interested in this.

Samuel Walter Washington father-in-law to George de Mohrenschildt, was in charge of more than 250 CIA agents between 1950-53, but George was Lee Harvey Oswald's closest friend. Mr. Washington worked with Allen Dulles, Frank Wisner, Robert P. Joyce, J. Caldwell King and other top CIA officials. In 1953 future Warren Commissioner Allen Dulles was working with the father-in-law of George de Mohrenschildt in the Guatemala Coup. S. W. Washington worked for the State Department from 1926 to 1954; Washington had been assigned to CIA from the Foreign Service in September 1950.

Washington's step-daughter, Fifi / Phyllis married von George / Jurij / Yuri de Mohrenschildt on July 11, 1948 or in 1947. In 1949 he divorced from Phyllis Washington. Washington was descended to the brothers of first President George Washington. This would have been on both his mother and father's side of the family. George then married Wynne Sharples. 1952 terminated partnership with Ed Hooker, returned to New York. Formed Walden Oil Co. with wife's uncle, Col. Edward J. Walz. Traveled to Nigeria, France, Mexico on oil exploration, also Ghana, Togo, Cuba, in Yugoslavia for International Cooperation Administration and Yugoslav Government. Met Jeanne Le Gon in Dallas. Visited Poland for 10 days. Visited Dominican Embassy in Washington; 1959 or 1960 moved to Mexico City for Texans Eastern Corp. and encountered Mikoyan. Early 1962 he went to Haiti; returned to Luisiana, began geology consulting work in Dallas.
Summer 1962 told by George Bouhe of Oswald; went with Colonel Orlov to visit Oswalds; introduced him to Samuel Ballen in December 1962 or January 1963.
George's brother, Dimitri Mohrenschildt was the founder of the CIA's Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty; Dimitri died in 2002.
Three days after Allen Dulles took over as CIA Director in February of 1953 he was writing to Dimitri Mohrenschildt - the brother of Lee Harvey Oswald's pal, George de Mohrenschildt.
Since 1953 future Warren Commisioner Allen Dulles had been working with George de Mohrenschildt's brother Dimitri and his father-in-law.

In 1920, Ferdinand's (von Mohrenschildt) nephew Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, the older brother of George, arrived in the United States and entered Yale University. His admission was likely smoothed by the connections of the Harriman family; Dimitri von Mohrenschildt after graduating from Yale, was offered a position teaching the exclusive Loomis School near Hartford, Connecticut, where John D. Rockefeller III was a student. There, Dimitri became friendly with Roland and Winifred Betty Cartwright Holhan Hooker;
Dimitri served the Office of Strategic Services, later cofounding Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. In 1941, Dimitri also founded a magazine, the Russian Review, and later became a professor at Dartmouth.
Dimitri in the summer of 1936 traveled to Europe, followed a week later by Betty Hooker. The relationship between Bush and Hooker lasted for three decades, until 1967, when Hooker died. 1937, Betty Hooker and Dimitri von Mohrenschildt married. By then, Dimitri had been hired by Henry Luce as a stringer for Time magazine. Meanwhile, Dimitri's younger brother, George, had been living with their family in Wilno; in May 1938, George arrived from Europe to US and lived with his brother and new sister-in-law in their Park Avenue apartment.
Future Warren Commissioner, CIA Director Allen Dulles' knew George de Mohrenschildt's brother Dimitri. He wrote to Dimitri three days after he took over the office as CIA Director in Feb. 1953.
Allen Dulles' uncle Robert Lansing and de Mohrenschildt's grandfather-by-marriage, William Gibbs McAdoo co-founded the Secret Service together during the Woodrow Wilson administration.

In 1964 Allen Dulles interrogated the de Mohrenschildts' for more than 250 pages during The Warren Commission Report and Dulles did not think the public should know about his ties to de Mohrenschildt; Allen Dulles dated Mary Bancroft who was the best friend of Michael Paine's mother, Ruth Forbes Paine. It was Michael who put the Oswalds' up in his home; his wife found him a job.
See http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html


At http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ we read:
"... Zbigniew Brzezinski is Barack Obama's foreign policy advisor. ... Brzezinski was the national security advisor for President Carter from 1977 to 1981. In 1988 he endorsed H. W. Bush for President and was Co-Chair of the H. W. Bush national security advisory task force. From 1987 to 1989 he also served on the H. W. Bush's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. Clinton Secretary of State Madeline Albright was a student of Brzezinski's. G. W. Bush Secretary of State, Condi Rice (also a former national security advisor), who studied under Albright's father, shares many of the same world government views with Brzezinski and Albright...".
"...this is not an argument that David Rockefeller first invented Jimmy Carter around 1971, arranged for Zbigniew Brzezinski to train him in global politics, and then rigged his nomination and election. ... The second Rockefeller connection - more obvious, less noted - was the Trilateral Commission. The Trilateral Commission was David Rockefeller's brain ­ child ... The commission was conceived in 1972 as a private vehicle for planning the industrial world's course out of the international monetary crisis (and John Connally's cowboy responses) of that period, away from the 'Nixon shocks' that had troubled Japan ... Jimmy Carter had been the one Democratic governor chosen among sixty North American members of the Trilateral Commission in 1973...".
"...Patrick Wood, author of 'Trilaterals Over Washington', points out there are only 87 members of the Trilateral Commission who live in America. Obama appointed eleven of them to posts in his administration. For example: Tim Geithner, Treasury Secretary; James Jones, National Security Advisor; Paul Volker, Chairman, Economic Recovery Committee; Dennis Blair, Director of National Intelligence. Several other noteworthy Trilateral members: George H. W. Bush; Bill Clinton; Dick Cheney; Al Gore. Keep in mind that the original stated goal of the TC was to create 'a new international economic order'. In the run-up to his inauguration after the 2008 presidential election, Obama was tutored by the co-founder of the Trilateral Commission, Zbigniew Brzezinski ...".


Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski, geostrategist, served to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 to 1968 and to President Jimmy Carter 1977 - 1981. Brzezinski belongs to the school of Halford Mackinder and Nicholas J. Spykman.
Sir Halford John Mackinder b. 1861, was a member of the Coefficients dining club, set up in 1902 by the Fabian campaigners Sidney and Beatrice Webb; in 1919 said: "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; Who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; Who rules the World Island commands the World," to warn of the possibility of another major war like by John Maynard Keynes; Mackinder was anti-Bolshevik, and as British High Commissioner in Southern Russia in late 1919 and early 1920.

Nicholas John Spykman b. 1893, known as the "godfather of containment," arguing that the balance of power in Eurasia directly affected United States security [1943/1944]; he thought that it was in U.S. interests to leave Germany strong after World War II in order to be able to counter Russia's power.

Again to ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI -
before his government service, Brzezinski was on the faculty of Harvard University (1953-60) and Columbia University (1960-69), worked on a doctorate with Merle Fainsod [ca 1951 ? - 1953].

Merle Fainsod (1907 - 1972) was an American political scientist, worked on public administration; in 1932, "Fainsod traveled to the Soviet Union on a Sheldon Fellowship, gaining his first exposure to the country. In 1933, he returned to the United States and began teaching in the government department at Harvard"! He was chosen as a staff member for the Brownlow Committee in 1936. The President's Committee on Administrative Management, known as the Brownlow Committee, was a committee that in 1937 recommended changes to the executive branch of the United States government, resulted in the creation of the Executive Office of the President with Louis Brownlow, Charles Merriam, and Luther Gulick. "... Some of the most important recommendations from the council include creating aides to the President ... ". Note at margin: Willard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908) was an American philosopher, appointed a Harvard Junior Fellow, in 1932 - 1933, he travelled in Europe thanks to a Sheldon fellowship, meeting Alfred Tarski, Rudolf Carnap and A. J. Ayer.

Merle Fainsod's family:
Ernest William Stix Jr., the middle child of Erma Kingsbacher and Ernest William Stix, was born in St. Louis in 1916. "... His mother was president of the League of Women Voters, ... in Missouri. His father was an executive at Rice-Stix, which was co-founded by his grandfather, William Stix. Rice-Stix became one of the largest dry goods wholesalers in the nation. Mr. Stix grew up in what is now the Stix International House ... [then] Harvard University and ... served in the Aleutian Islands ... He became a publisher. Operating as Westgate Press, Mr. Stix published a biography of renowned St. Louis painter Bessie Lowenhaupt ... He initiated the St. Louis Art Museum's book, The Art of Bessie Lowenhaupt, by Joyce K. Schiller. Lowenhaupt's paintings, like Mr. Stix's sculptures, are bold, yet delicate structured stories of simplicity. ... and he served on the boards of the Jewish Educational and Vocation Service, Nursery Foundation and People's Art Center. This time Ernest William Stix was paying homage to Alexander Calder, an American sculptor and artist best known for his modern mobile sculptures. ... Mr. Stix was preceded in death by his sister, Elizabeth Stix Fainsod, and his three brothers ... he is survived by his children, Susan Stix (Benjamin Mann), Austin, Tex.; Peter Stix (Amy Jesaitis), Albany, N.Y.; and ...".
Named above "Elizabeth Stix Fainsod, a former resident of St. Louis and former special assistant to the director of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, died ... in Cambridge, Mass. ... Mrs. Fainsod, the daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Ernest W. Stix of St. Louis, had worked for Harvard for more than 30 years. Mrs. Fainsod's father, who died in 1955, was president for 43 years of the old Rice-Stix Inc., a dry goods manufacturing and wholesaling company. Mrs. Fainsod's mother, Erma, who died in 1969, was one of the early campaigners in Missouri for women's rights and an active supporter of education and cultural affairs in St. Louis".
Mentioned above Ernest William Stix Jr. was paying homage to Alexander Calder. Alexander Calder was born in 1898, in Lawnton, Pennsylvania, into a family of artists. In 1919, he received an engineering degree from Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey. "... Calder attended the Art Students League, New York, ... studying briefly with Thomas Hart Benton and John Sloan. ... 1930 ... he also encountered James Johnson Sweeney, future Guggenheim Museum director, who would become a close friend and supporter".
Ernest W. Stix, Jr. died in 2011, member of a prominent Jewish family, founded the old Rice-Stix Co., the largest business in St. Louis.

An interesting fact is that the wife of Zbigniew Brzezinski, that is Emilly Benesz-Brzezińska, was "a well-known artist and the Professor's wife, who had been collecting his works over the years. The book was published by Jadwiga and Paweł Tryzno from the Book Art Museum in Lodz". Emilly Benesz-Brzeziński / Emilie Benes Brzezinski born Emilie Anna Benes in 1933 is an American sculptor.
Her second son, Mark Brzezinski, is a lawyer who has served as an adviser to President Clinton and President Obama [to 2016].
Since Emilly Benesz-Brzeziński "... first started to work in wood in 1988, her focus has been to present a balance between the inherent characteristics of the medium and the artist's hand in the process of creativity".


Above the Jewish Educational and Vocation Service:

Jewish Educational and Vocation Service that is JEVS = Jewish Educational and Vocational Services. Or Employment and Vocational Services = JEVS Human Services was founded in 1941 as the Jewish Employment and Vocational Service (JEVS). The name was changed to the present one in 2006. Jewish Employment and Vocational Service Human Services was founded "by a group of concerned Jewish citizens to assist Jewish refugees with starting a life in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania".


By 'Compromised Campus: The Collaboration of Universities with the ...' - Sigmund Diamond, and at 'Studying the Enigmas of the Soviet Union' - www.thecrimson.com:

"... The