Brief genealogy

of the noble 

Konstantinavičius / Konstantinovich ancestry 

from 

Belarus 

and 

Lithuania.
Education and information - author Konstantynowicz Bogdan.

Berezyna and Lubuszany / Luboszany - the estate of Sapieha and Potocki / Krystyna Tyszkiewicz Potocka - the line to the Templars of Krzeszowice, General Franciszek Paszkowski and the Poniatowski Home.
Miezonka-Swolna-Moscow-St Petersburg and the family history of Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz: Dyuflon / Duflon / Dufflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.

  © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz



November - December 2013 and from January to December of 2014 - new websites on the genealogy and history of the noble Konstantynowicz family in Russia 1772 - 1918, Poland 1918 - 1939 and next at a Polish territory 1939 - 2012.


Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / Evgeny ARMAND second / Eugene-Louis Armand, was b. 1809 and died 1890, was a son of Jean Armand / Ivan and his first wife Elizabeth.

EUGENE ARMAND was married to a Polish woman, Catholic - Mary Frantsevna Pashkovskaya / Maria Paszkowski, the daughter of GENERAL Franciszek PASZKOWSKI. She was born 1819 and died 1901, and she was highly educated, c. 1840 studied painting in France; she was a woman of strong and humble disposition. I wrote
Eugeniusz Ludwik Armand / Eugene Louis was married to a beautiful Polish - Maria Wilhelmina PASZKOWSKA / MARIA Pashkovskaya. Her father, Franciszek Paszkowski / Francis Paszkowski was a writer and military, during Napoleon's Italian campaign, he served as adjutant to Murat.
Young Catholics family donated money the Orthodox St. Nicholas Church in Pushkino. When Armand moved to Orthodoxy, grandchildren of Louis Eugene / Yevgeny Ivanovich were baptized in this church. Maria had a tender heart. In contrast to the position of her husband, his wife was educated, and drew quite well, in France she drew the ruins of castles and really liked them; Evgeny built in a park such ruins.
I said she was daughter of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski with the Zadora coat of arms who was born 12 October 1778 in Brody - d. 11 March 1856 in Cracow, and was the friend of general Tadeusz Kosciuszko [with General FISZER]. Dominik Paszkowski born 1783 in Brody, the Lwow province; his father Jan Paszkowski was born c. 1750 and has got the Zadora coat of arms, married c. 1770 / 1777, and
Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, general, was Jan's first son.

General Franciszek Paszkowski, in May 1797, emigrated to Italy, where he joined the Polish Legions (in September 1800, was assigned to the Italian Legion): III Battalion 2 Legion. The 1799 Campaign in Italy; he was a lecturer in history at the School of Military legion in Mantua, but he also taught mathematics and languages. In 1798, the rank of captain of a major adjutant.
He cooperated in educational activities with General Rymkiewicz and Cyprian Godebski when editing and distributing the "Legacy Decade".
Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski approached Gen. Dabrowski's opponents - he became friend with Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski and Andrzej Horodyski, with whom he was later considered, at the time of the Duchy of Warsaw, as one of the leaders of "Polish Jacobins".
During the war with the II coalition, he served the Legion of Verona, in the siege of Mantua and after the capitulation was captured Austrian. Despite the fact that Marshal Lannes had no Poles on his Staff, Captain Milkiewicz and Captain FRANCISZEK Paszkowski served as Staff Officers for Marshal Ney.
In 1798 Cpt. Adjutant Major; 1800, the Italian Legion on the staff at the side of General Wielhorski. Attached to Gen. Lapoype and served his aide; in December 1801, Franciszek Paszkowski wanted to emigree to the United States.
In 1801, Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski met Kosciuszko and the next three years he spent at his side, gathering material for a biography.
In 1804-1805 he served in the military camp of Chalons-sur-Marne. Chalons-en-Champagne or Chalons-sur-Marne, in northern France, capital of the Champagne-Ardenne region.
In the campaign of 1805, fought in the cavalry of Marshal Joachim Murat, as a translator and - by Wezyk - was adjutant of Murat. Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski did not lose contact with Kosciuszko.
During the War of the Third Coalition Paszkowski distinguished himself at the Battle of Austerlitz, also participated in the campaign of 1806, in November 1806, together with Murat came to Warsaw. Next served I Battalion 3 regiment with the rank of lieutenant colonel; December 1807 - Colonel and Chief of Staff of the Legion.
With General Stanislaw Fiszer stay in Paris 1807; he served as Chief of the General Staff.
1809 - Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski was an adjutant of the Saxon King Friedrich August / Frederick Augustus Duke of Warsaw; was awarded the Military Cross Polish (Military Virtue). Then in Zamosc and Cracow. In 1812, commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 16th Infantry Division under General Zayonchek / Jozef Zajaczek: Smolensk, Borodino and Czirikov; to Vilnius traveled together with Fr. Joseph; 1812 he was promoted to brigadier general; Warsaw, in January 1813, Modlin; Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski moved from Krakow to Dresden - after the capitulation of Dresden was captured by the Austrian and he was in the Hungarian city of Zalaegerszeg. After the Treaty of Paris returned to the country.

Mentioned above Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski / Joseph Calasanz Szaniawski b. in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, 1764, died 1843 in Lviv, a Polish philosopher and politician, during the Kosciuszko Uprising (1794) was a Polish Jacobin.
Member of the Jacobins Security Department - Deputation in 1794, and after 1796 a member of a secret political organization called "Centralization of Warsaw"; he was a member of the "Polish Deputation" 1795 - 1796; emigrated to Paris, 1797; the Polish Deputation came into conflict with the moderate Kosciuszko-Uprising émigré activists of the "Agency" founded in Paris in 1794 and supporting Henryk Dabrowski's Polish Legions.
In 1799, SZANIAWSKI served as an informal representative and head of the Paris Society of Polish Republican; returning to the country in 1801, to Warsaw during the Prussian occupation, Szaniawski co-edited Gazeta Warszawska; headed the censorship. From 1802 to 1808 Szaniawski published his philosophical works on Kant's philosophy, became an apostle of German philosophy; 1806 was nominated as a member of the Supreme Military Administrative Department and in 1807 was member of the Directorate of Justice; 1807 he went to Berlin as a commissioner. 1808 the royal prosecutor at the Court of Cassation. 1809 one of the directors of the National Guard, then the Central Government of Galicia.
In 1811 he resigned, but acted close to Stanislaw Zamoyski in Zwierzyniec.
Soon after, near by the Czartoryski family and in 1810 Szaniawski married Louise Mycielski Moskorzewska, becoming attorney general of the Duchy of Warsaw (1807 - 1815), then active in the Congress Poland.
He was a member of the Masonic lodge Temple of Isis in 1811 - 1812, Casimir the Great in 1819 - 1820, the Great East, an honorary member of the lodge Excellence in 1821.

Compare:

Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz]. Józef Soltyk in 1787 stayed in Kurozweki at the cousin's [of his father Maciej] home, and here welcomed King Stanislaus Augustus PONIATOWSKI [see Walewski in Volhynia].
Member of Parliament of the Cracow province in 1790; Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 - was one of the most active in the preparation of the Constitution in 1791.
In 1794, on a secret mission from Kosciuszko to the Viennese court, interned by the Austrians [see above on PASZKOWSKI and FISZER]; 1795 in exile, he played a leading role, and was one of the first initiators of the Italian's legions,
was imprisoned several times by the Prussians and the Austrians; and
Stanislaw Soltyk in 1802 was (along with Tadeusz Czacki) the initiator of the Commercial Association, for export of grain through the Black Sea [see HORODYSKI, Szaniawski].
The president of the Central Committee of the Patriotic Society. 1826-1829, a state prisoner, chaired the 1829 conspiracy; after the outbreak of the November Uprising, Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 was honored as the patriarch of the struggle for freedom.

Below is a short description about RETTINGER, and on the family Zamoyski [see Marjanna Zamoyski / Marianna Zamoyska + KIEDRZYNSKI].

Michal Zdzislaw Zamoyski (1679 - 1735) was the 6th Ordynat of Zamosc estate. His children inter alia:
1. Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski,
2. Jan Jakub Zamoyski
(b. 1716, died in 1790, IX Ordynat; Ludwika Maria Poniatowska born 1728, in 1745 married Jan Jakub Zamoyski, with daughter Urszula Zamoyska. Ludwika Maria Poniatowska died in 1781, was daughter of Stanislaw Poniatowski and sister of the King of Poland - Stanislaw August Poniatowski; mentioned above her daughter Urszula Zamoyska (1750-1806), was best known as Ursula Mniszech.
Ludwika Maria Poniatowska had the second daughter - Brygida / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka
- see about Radolinski, Fiszer, Wola Pszczolecka, Kosciuszko; see at my webpages on Venture, Sulkowski, Murat, Paszkowski, Szaniawski, Armand),
and 3. Andrzej Hieronim Zamoyski.

Count Wladislaw Zamoyski 1853-1924, was closest friend of Jozef Rettinger / Retinger who was born in Cracow, in Austria-Hungary (see more at my webpages) - his father, Józef Stanislaw Retinger, was the personal legal counsel and adviser to Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski.
Acc. to Wikipedia: when Retinger's father died, Count Zamoyski took Józef into his household. Financed by Count Zamoyski, Retinger entered the Sorbonne in 1906, and two years later became the youngest person to earn a Ph.D. there at age twenty. He moved to England in 1911, where his closest friend was Polish writer Joseph Conrad. See the European Union (EU) and its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community.

Now we back to SZANIAWSKI:

In Gniezno in 1780, Aniela Joanna Borzecka, the daughter of Piotr BORZECKI and Aniela nee Siekierzedzka, married BORZECKI / Borzedzki, versus Wojciech SZANIAWSKI and Anna Borzecka. Inf. about Lucja Galecka.

Note:

Józef Drzewiecki, born 1772 in Juskowice, d. 1852, MP in 1792, Colonel in 1794, since 1817 the Krzemieniec county marshal of the nobility. He was Karol's / Charles's father and grandfather of Stefan Drzewiecki - the pioneer of the underwater navigation (see Duflon and Breguet in St Petersburg ! - Apollon Konstantynowicz + Anna ARMAND from Moscow, descendant in straight line from MARIA PASZKOWSKA and her father FRANCISZEK PASZKOWSKI);
diarist;
Jozef DRZEWIECKI was son of Felicjan Raphael (chamberlain of Krzemieniec) and Anna Bledowski; 1792 MP from Volyn. At Maciejowice was captured (taken to Taszan), soon freed with helps of generals Kamienski, Kniaziewicz and Sierakowski.
In the conspiracy in Lviv (1795-1796), founded the underground club in Warsaw.
After a long way by the Vienna-Karlsbad-Leipzig-Zurich-Mestre reached in 1797 the Legions, at headquarters in the rank of captain. In Rome at the Council of Economic;
with Kniaziewicz participated in a mission to Paris to the Directorate in 1799; 1799-1801 the Danubian Legion, and together with Kniaziewicza and Stanislaw FISZER / Fisher (see Wola Pszczolecka; and Kosciuszko in 1794 and also Madame Fiszer in Paris) resigned in Florence on June 10, 1801, and then returned to the country. He collaborated with Tadeusz Czacki;
a co-founder of the Black Sea Trade Association on July 27, 1802 (see Horodyski, Szaniawski and Odessa).

Melchior Józef Neyman ca 1764 - 1835, in 1799 served to the French army, he was send to gen. Charles Kniaziewicz in April 1799; acted with JOZEF KLEMENS Szaniawski;
he was then as a second lieutenant in the French colonial army in Guadeloupe. Meanwhile he had to leave Paris to Italy because was
close to the Polish Republicans (also Maleszewski - see Sulkowski, Breguet and Venture de PARADISE) and Bernadotte send him to the headquarters of the French army in Italy;
Joubert assigned him to his headquarters; but Sokolnicki decided to keep him in Paris (see Kniaziewicz, Kosciuszko and Bonneau); October 1799 he came to Genoa. Joubert was killed at Novi, and Neyman tried to get to the Danubian Legion (see Fiszer and Radolinski family) and its commander Kniaziewicz did not agree to his party. J. Championnet, Joubert's successor on the position of commander in chief of the Italian army, given support to Neyman. But after the death of Championnet, NEYMAN - as a Jacobin - lost position - the new Chief of Staff Ch. Oudinot did not agree to keep him on the staff and directed him in 1800 to Laboissiere's division; Neyman was the chief of staff of the cavalry right wing of gen. Dupont with support of his friend, Wladyslaw Jablonowski. NEYMAN was now colonel. 1801 he took a leave and left for Paris. Here again, wrote against Dabrowski; when he returned to Poland ?
1806 was already in the country, in Volhynia and Podolia, in connection with Napoleon plans; acted with August Trzecieski, also with the French authorities, to prepare on the south-east uprising.
This area was penetrated at the end of 1802 by the commercial house 'Trzecieski, Horodyski et comp.' for increasing trade in the Black Sea. Neyman was sent by conspirators at the Volyn in January 1807 and in February back to Warsaw (Suchet); with ANDRZEJ HORODYSKI / Andrew Horodyski wrote to Talleyrand, which pointed the possibility of uprising in Volhynia and Podolia, against the Russian garrisons (Mareta);
together with Michal N. Kochanowski, Antoni Gliszczyriski [A. Gliszczynski], Horodyski and Jozef KLEMENS Szaniawski wrote memorial to Talleyrand against the magnates, presented the need to reorganize the army, vocation of Kosciuszko, and remove the Prussian officials.
At the same time the radicals tried to get on public opinion.
Next Szaniawski, Horodyski, Gliszczyriski [A. and K. Gliszczynski] et al., announced in "Warsaw Newspaper" 3 Letters (to Szaniawski, Maleszewski and Jan Nepomuk Malachowski).
During the Polish-Austrian War of 1809 under the orders of Jozef Poniatowski Neyman was assigned deputy of General J. Niemojewski, commander of the department of Lomza, the military commissar was Dominik Kuczynski. Then he belonged to the garrison of the fortress Serock (commander was Niemojewski) and took part in the battle of Warsaw; 1811 to 1812 was recorded as the former colonel,
a member of the "Temple of Isis".
Probably lived in Warsaw, died on September 20, 1835 near Opalenica. The mother of his illegitimate children was unmarried Marianna Wylezelowska (Wilezenowska), with whom he had two sons: Napoleon, born in Murzynowo 1811, a veteran of 1830 and 1848; and Alexander Charles Joseph NEYMAN, in 1816, a prisoner of State in 1846, soldier of 1848.
Opalenica - west of Poznan.

Mentioned above
Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo, d. 1847 / 1857, politician, translator, freemason; the son of Antoni HORODYSKI, of Kiev, and Justyna Marchocki; 1796 was an activist of Centralization of Lviv.
1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director, after E. Mycielski, of the Society of Polish Republicans, as Andrzej Dumanski. In 1801, ran encrypted correspondence with H. Kollataja.
In 1802, formed in Odessa the store of Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp.; also with P. Maleszewski, J. K. Szaniawski and J. Drzewiecki. In 1831 Minister of Foreign Affairs.

See:
1. C. C. Rulhiere: "Historia bezrzadu Polski", t. 1, Warszawa 1808; translator with S. Staszic, F. K. Dmochowski and A. Horodyski, A. and K. Gliszczynski.
2. Krysinski: "List do Józefa Kalasantego Szaniawskiego", that is Dominik Krysinski wrote to J. K. Szaniawski [Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski (1764 - 1843)] on 23 July 1807 in WARSAW.
Krysinski quotes Szaniawski, who discussed at "Gazeta Warszawska".
Dominik Krysinski born 1785, died 1853 in Warsaw, Polish scientist and economist, freemason, representative of Polish liberal classical economics. Professor of Economics at the School of Administration and Law. Member of the Society of Friends of Science. He came from the Jewish family.
Member of the Parliament in Warsaw in 1818. In 1813 he married Eleonora Jozefowicz. In 1812 he joined the Confederation of the Polish Kingdom.

Jezewice / Jezewice, close to Tarczyn, and Piaseczno, south-west of Warsaw, belonged to Dominik Krysinski (1785 - 1853 in Warsaw), Polish scientist and economist, Freemason, a representative of the Polish liberal mainstream.
It is known that he came from a family of baptized Jews, like later known economist, Ludwik Wolowski
[Ludwik Franciszek Michal Reymond Wolowski / Louis Franēois Michel Raymond Wolowski, 1810 - Warsaw, d. 1876 in Gisors, French economist and advocate of Polish origin, journalist and social activist. Family Wolowski derived from Elisha Szor, descendant of Naphtali, who was a rabbi of Lublin. His daughter Ludwika married PASSY. His brothers: Kazimierz / Casimir Wolowski and Félix / FELIKS Wolowski. His sister Alexandrine Faucher (Wolowska), 1812 - 1905, granddaughter of Franciszek Lukasz Wolowski who was the son of Salomon. Wife of Léon Léonard Joseph Faucher, 1803 - 1854, a French politician and economist. In 1843 he visited England to study the English social system. Under the presidency of Louis Napoleon he became minister of public works, and then minister of the interior].
After graduating at high school in Warsaw, DOMINIK Krysinski went to study in Germany and in Paris; returning to Warsaw began to participate in the creation of the Faculty of Law and Administration at Warsaw University. He was the first professor of political economy at the university. In 1819 he bought Jezewice. 1818, Dominik Krysinski was a MP of the Kingdom of Poland.
He married in Warsaw, on January 31, 1813, Eleonora Józefowicz born in Nadwórna in 1793, south of Stanislawow, died in Warsaw on 30 June 1877, the daughter of Michal Józefowicz. His witnesses were the two future generals Jan and Ksawery Krysinski, his brothers. They had four children:
A. Zygmunt (1814-1888), famous Warsaw lawyer, who married in 1845 to Celina (or Cecylia) Wolowska (1826-1845);
B. Michal Franciszek (born in 1815);
C. Felicja Henryka (born 1820), who married Jan Michal Szymanowski (1790-?), son of Michal Szymanowski and Ewa Zielinska;
D. Ksawery Jan Teodor (born 1825), who married Amelia Maria Wolowska (1832-?), daughter of Franciszek Wolowski and Justyna Julianna Niesiolowska;
KSAWERY'S daughter was poet Maria Anastazja Wincentyna Krysinska (1857 in Warsaw - died in PARIS, 1908) / Marie Anastasie, in Paris studied harmony and composition at the Conservatoire Music, became the active member of the literary circles of the Hydropaths, the Zutists, the "Hirsutes" and the "Jemenfoutistes".
Above Michal Józefowicz b. ca 1760, d. 1815 - Warszawa.

DOMINIK KRYSINSKI after the uprising was removed from any political offices, and research positions; tsarist government confiscated his property; Krysinski died in obscurity on April 17, 1853. Jezewice were - at the beginning of the nineteenth century - the property of Ksawery Zychlinski. After his death, his successor was Teodor Zychlinski (geologist and journalist, author and publisher). In 1819, bought it Dominik Krysinski, one of the most prominent Polish economists of that time, Member of Parliament in 1818 and in 1831, a professor at the Warsaw School of Administration and Law and a lecturer at the University of Warsaw.

Felicja Henryka Krysinska, m. Szymanowska (b. 1821) daughter of Dominik Krysinski, owner of Jezowice / JEZEWICE close to Warsaw, and his wife Eleonora Józefowicz;
Felicja m. in 1843 to Jan Michal Szymanowski b. 1805, son of Michal Szymanowski and Ewa Zielinska; JAN was prosecutor of the Appeal Court of the Polish Kingdom; then Jan SZYMANOWSKI was the member of the Council of State to the Polish Kingdom, professor of the School of Economics; he died Jan. 1864. Felicja nee Krysinski m. SZYMANOWSKA, died March 1891.

Above named Jan Michal Szymanowski, 1805 - 31 JAN. / 12 II 1864 - Warszawa, a member of the Council of State of the Kingdom of Poland, student of the University of Warsaw, Faculty of Law and Administration, Law section, entry 11 IX 1823; 1826 he graduated with a degree in law and started his applications in the Civil Court in Warsaw. In 1829 he was an assistant professor, married 1st time to Karpinska ? In 1832 Assessor of the Court in Warsaw. In Dec. 1834 deputy judge of the Criminal Court in Warsaw. In 1836-1841 the sub- prosecutor; in 1842-1850 the deputy prosecutor; in 1851-1861 he served as assistant to the Chief Prosecutor of the 9th Senate Department. 1862 appointed a temporary member of the Council of State, and on 17 November 1863 prof.; married in 1843, Warsaw, to Felicja Henryka Krysinski born 1820/1821-1891 with son 1854-1893; and with 2 daughters.

Jan Michal Szymanowski 1805-1864 was the son of mentioned Michal and Ewa Zielinska. Michal Szymanowski and Ewa Zielinska had first son 1794-1857 who married MARKIEWICZ 1803-1857, and they had son Michal Alfred Józef Szymanowski 1830-1889. Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1760, and Ewa Zielinska [1760-1832] had two more sons: b. 1801 and named JAN MICHAL SZYMANOWSKI born 1790 or in 1805- died 1864 with three children: b. 1844, b. 1848, and born 1854.

Named Felicja Henryka (born 1820), a daughter of Dominik Krysinski, married in 1843 Jan Michal Szymanowski (1790-?) that is Felicja married Jan Michal Szymanowski. Son of named Felicja Henryka Krysinski born 1820/1821-1891 was Jan Aleksander Szymanowski 1854-1893 in Warsaw. Named above Felicja Henryka Szymanowska (Krysinska) daughter of Dominik Krysinski and Eleonora; was the sister of Zygmunt Jan Michal Krysinski; Michal Franciszek Krysinski and Ksawery Jan Franciszek Krysinski. Above Ksawery Jan Franciszek Krysinski b. 1825 in Jezowice, died 1905 in Warszawa; was the husband of Amelia Maria WOLOWIEC from OPATOW, and 2nd Natalia Emilia WENDEL; father of Jan Krysinski; and Eugenia Irena Guzek. Above Dominik Krysinski b. in 1785 in Warszawa, d. 1853 in Warszawa.
In 1824 - 1827, Jan Toczyski [heir of property] filed a lawsuit against Jozef Wolowski and Israel Wassertzug [tenants] about income tax and about payment for Russian military. Named Jan Toczyski b. ca 1760, died in 1837, was the son of Kazimierz TOCZYSKI and Domicela Bielska. Jan died in Rokitno, close to BLONIE, 14 km north-west of OTREBUSY, and 28 km east to GUZOW of OGINSKI ! Jan Toczyski married in ca 1780 to Anna Krystyna Szymanowska 1765-1845, daughter of Dyzma Szymanowski 1719-1784. Relatives of Stefania Helena Nepomucena Toczyska from Oltarzew in 1800. His father: Kazimierz Toczyski, b. ca 1740.

We back again to
Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski.
He wrote letters to M. A. Horodyski in 1809-1815, and to Franciszek Paszkowski in 1810 [a letter to Colonel Franciszek Paszkowski]. During the Kosciuszko insurrection, he was one of the Polish Jacobins (member of the Deputation to the Education Commission).
Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski, 1764-1843 [married in Pawlowice, west to Leszno, close to PONIEC and OPOROWO; Smilowo and Rokosowo; TWORZANICE], the son of Antoni SZANIAWSKI and Konkordia Lipinska.
Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski in 1788, married in Pawlowice to Joanna Julianna BORZECKA [see KALINOWSKI and Wola Pszczolecka; Mielzynski - Billewicz - Merkel].

Named above Antoni Szaniawski married 1st to Konkordia Lipinska in the Mieleszyn parish;
in named Mieleszyn in July 1776, Antoni Szaniawski married second to Joanna nee Szczepkowski, 1 voto Tymieniecka.

Parish of St Mary Magdalene in Mieleszyn - the Roman Catholic parish belonging to the Boleslawiec deanery of the diocese of Kalisz.
Mieleszyn near to Wieruszow, is situated close to CHOBOT; 9 km south-east to Wieruszow; south to CHOBANIN; east to MROCZEN and OPATOW.
Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski's brother:
JAN SZANIAWSKI married Teresa BORZECKA in 1792, in the Pniewy parish; 1797 she was living in Czarnków parish.

Named Antoni Szaniawski b. ca 1730, was an official in Pomorze. His wife named Konkordia Lipinska.

Brief note on:

1. Józef Antoni Szaniawski, the son of Ignacy SZANIAWSKI and Julia Tarczylo. In 1985, he was arrested and falsely accused of collaborating with the CIA. The military court sentenced him to 10 years in prison, from which he left in December 1989. Jozef Szaniawski was born in Oct. 1944 in LWOW, to IGNACY Schneier-Szaniawski, from Czortkow; then in Warsaw and LWOW. Ignacy Szaniawski (Schnajer) / Schneier-Szaniawski / Ignacy Szaniawski of CZORTKOW, b. ca 1914.

2. Józef Szaniawski died in 1808; in Wachock in 1782; Cracow, and Sandomierz. The son of Filip Nereusz Szaniawski and Ludwika Zaluska.

3. Józef Szaniawski (b. ca 1670, died ca 1729) of Luck and Lublin, 1709 and in 1716 - 1725.

4.
Jan Kanty Szaniawski was born in 1764 or 1760, to Józef Tomasz Szaniawski and Zofia Podczaska. Józef was born in 1734, in Galewice.
Jan Kanty Szaniawski, 1764 - 1835 / 1836 or died in 1839, married Agnieszka Psarski, born in 1780.
They had son Teofil Kazimierz Szaniawski.

Jan Kanty Szaniawski (1764-1836) was the Attorney in Wielun.

Named Józef SZANIAWSKI was born on March 6, 1734, in Galewice. GALEWICE 18 km north-east-north to MIELESZYN ! Close to KASKI, CHOBANIN. See below.

Jan Kanty Szaniawski with Agnieszka PSARSKA had:
Jan Chryzostom Szaniawski;
Ludwik Bartlomiej Szaniawski {born ca 1816 in Gronów, the Sieradz county, married Aniela Rotkiewicz, b. ca 1824 in Kroczyce, the Zawiercie County};
Teofil Kazimierz Szaniawski
and Józef Gabriel Szaniawski.

Jan Kanty Szaniawski was the half brother of Jakub Szaniawski.

Above Józef Szaniawski was born in 1734, in Galewice; the brother {?} of ANTONI SZANIAWSKI, b. ca 1730, who married close to WIERUSZOW - Mieleszyn, close to CHOBOT; 9 km south-east to Wieruszow. South to CHOBANIN; east to MROCZEN and OPATOW. Died in 1792. JOZEF wa the son of Kazimierz Szaniawski and Marianna.
Józef Tomasz Szaniawski married Zofia Podczaska and 2nd Konstancja KOBYLANSKI / Kobylanska,
with 1.
Jan Kanty Szaniawski, 1764-1839, m. ca 1800, to Agnieszka Psarska;
2. Jakub Szaniawski
{+ BIALECKA with Karol Jan Szaniawski born 1812
[with Bronislawa Marianna Szaniawska; Wladyslaw Józef Szaniawski (b. 1847 in Zalesie, close to Poddebice); Teodor Karol Szaniawski and Czeslaw Jan Szaniawski];
Bazyli Wincenty Szaniawski;
Antoni Innocenty Szaniawski and
Ewa Teofila Szaniawska}.

Named above Kazimierz Szaniawski b. ca 1700. Husband of Marianna; the father of above Józef Szaniawski.

5.
Mentioned Antoni Szaniawski married 1st to Konkordia Lipinska in Mieleszyn; and in Mieleszyn in 1776, Antoni Szaniawski married second to Joanna Szczepkowski-Tymieniecka.


Note on GALEWICE:

Anna Cielecka (ca 1770 - 1838), the proprietress of estates:
Galewice,
Kaski farm close to Galewice, and
Gizyce with Maczniki in the Kalisz province,
m. Adam Wegierski (ca 1770 - 1829), with daughter Róza Tekla Wegierska (b. 1804), married in Warsaw in 1829, to Ludwik Fiszer (born 1800 - died in 1877 in Lomza), with daughter
Leokadia Józefa Fiszer (ca 1832 in Zawrocie, close to Wysokie Mazowieckie), m. in 1854 in Wysokie Mazowieckie to Aleksy Sabin Wincenty Kurcyusz b. ca 1830.

GIZYCE - 12 km north to BOBROWNIKI - compare Madalinski and Kiedrzynski.

Marianna Cielecka b. ca 1770, died before 1833, m. Jan Nepomucen Sulimierski b. ca 1770 - died in 1818, owner of Brzeski / Brzesko, son of Michal Sulimierski and Jadwiga Jaroszewska, with children: Maciej, Filip, Teresa:
1. Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. ca 1795, proprietor of an estate Stronsko, and Zielecice in the Lask county,
2. Filip Rafal Sulimierski (born in 1797 in Tumusin, close to Zgierz - d. 1843 in Brzeski, in the Szadek county), owner of Chotyszów and Brzeski; married to Balbina Psarska b. ca 1800, 2nd time in 1831 to Bibianna Barbara Dzwonkowska (b. 1810 in Leszczyn, in the Sieradz county - died in 1882), daughter of Tekla nee Borowska b. ca 1780.

The sister of above named Marianna Cielecka b. ca 1770, died before 1833, was mentioned Anna Cielecka (ca 1770 - 1838),
the proprietress of estates Galewice, Kaski farm close to Galewice (Galewice 10 km north-east of Wieruszow and 8 km north-east of Chobanin; KASKI - 2 / 3 km east of above Galewice and east of Domanin; Kaski - 11 km west of LUTUTOW and west of Dymki of the Kiedrzynskis. family; see OLSZOWSKI / Olszewski, Kreski, Madalinski and Psarski families), and Gizyce with Maczniki in the Kalisz province, m. Adam Wegierski (ca 1770 - 1829).

From the Ostrzeszow county come Joachim Count Kreski / Joachim de Kresko Kreski, b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died in 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno.
In 1765 Joachim Count Kreski m. Justyna Magnuska from Kuznica Bobrowska, close to Grabów by Prosna, in the Ostrzeszow county, with daughter
Salomea Elzbieta Cecylia Katarzyna Barbara Kreska born 1767 in Grebanin, d. 1842 in Grebanin;
son Norbert Antoni Ignacy Kreski 1769 in Grebianin;
next son - Florian Stanislaw Józef Kreski / Floryan Stanislaw Józef, b. 1771 in Grebanin, close to Kepno, died in 1838 in Ruda (Maslowice), close to Wielun, marriage in 1803 to Antonina Karsznicka vel Karsnicka from Cieszecin (Weglewice), close to Wieruszów and near Galewice;
Adam Jan Ewangelista Franciszek Xawery Kreski m. 1795 to Psarska in Grebanin, he born 1772 in Grebanin, d. 1806;
Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska b. 1774 in Grebanin, m. 1804 to ANDRZEJ KIEDRZYNSKI / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski in Grebanin;
Tekla Kreska 1775 Grebanin, d. 1776;
Wiktoria Ewa Kreska b. 1776 in Grebanin, died in 1815, m. to Rafal Nerski;
Gaudenty Walenty Ignacy Kreski 1778 in Grebanin;
Elzbieta b. 1780 Grebanin, d. 1807, m. Konstanty Rekowski as Elzbieta Wantoch Rekowska;
Franciszek Maksymilian Kreski b. 1782 in Grebanin, d. 1791;
Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski b. 1785 in Grebanin, near Baranów, died in 1850 in Grebanin, married in 1818 to Brygida Kozuchowska / Brigitte Kozuchowska from Zbiersk, close to Stawiszyn, in the Kalisz county.

But we back now to
the MYSZKOWSKI'S:
Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska, 1695 - before 1788; she was 2 voto Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of
Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, and
granddaughter of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska.

Below on Wodziczna / Wodzicze - 3 km south to Pomiany; 4 km south-east to TRZCINICA; 5 km north-east to the ex-Silesian-Austrian border:

Jadwiga Myszkowska [b. ca 1675] m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze / WODZICZNA; in 1689 - 1692, Stefan Golychowski / Golyglowski lease village Kurow in the Wielun county [7 km north to MOKRSKO; 4 km north-west to TUROW; west of WIELUN; also see KIEDRZYNSKI], next of kin to Franciszka Antonina Trzcinska, b. 1693, in Trzcinica; in 1692 named Kurow lease Michal Myszkowski of Dabrowa.

Named Andrzej Maslowski 1660 / 1665 / 1670 - d. 1720 / 1742, was the owner of Ruda close to Wielun [south-east to Wielun, 5 km], Mierzyce, Toporów, Przewóz;
he lived in Pomiany close to Trzcinica

[POMIANY, 2 km to east of Trzcinica - 18 km south to KEPNO in Poland to 1793, in the Wielun county; Trzcinica was owned to 1812 by the Trzcinski family; then to German family. Is situated 12 km south to GREBANIN - see Kreski and Kiedrzynski, in the Ostrzeszow county, in 1793 to Prussia. 1807 to the Duchy of Warsaw. But Wieruszow in 1815 to Russia. BRALIN was in Silesia; but TRZCINICA was 10 km east to the Silesia ex-border],

1st wife of Andrzej Maslowski in 1695 was Katarzyna Chmielinska, daughter of Piotr CHMIELINSKI.

Maslowski Andrzej with Katarzyna Chmielinska had children:
1. Anna Zofia Maslowska, b. 1698, owner of Lubojnia [LUBOJNA - 8 km east to KAMYK of Kiedrzynski ! and 9 km west to KOSCIELEC of Madalinski],
2. Krystyna m. an owner of Strzyzew / Strzyzewo,
3. Jadwiga Aleksandra b. 1699 m. Pawel Fundament Karsnicki,
4. Katarzyna Barbara,
5. Róza,
6. Jan Chryzostom owner of Rudniki, and Malyszyn [7 km north-east to WIELUN - see KUROW; north to Ruda],
7. Karol Boromeusz MASLOWSKI - owner of Stronsk / STRONSKO, d. 1795, officer in Ostrzeszow, m. Jadwiga Karsnicka, with
A. Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda m. 1759-64, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska.

In 1781 named above owner of Wola Wiazowa, Franciszek Walewski / Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, an official in Ostrzeszow in 1765, 1772, 1775, 1778 - 1796, m. in 1784, in the Kobyla Góra parish, in MYSLNIEW, 4 km to Silesia, to Konstancja Psarska b. before 1770, daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski 1730-1805 and his wife Ksawera Franciszka Bardzinska, 1753-1814. Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, was married three times: TERESA NIEMOJOWSKA-PSARSKA, b. ca 1730 - a marriage in 1760; unknown - marriage ca 1778 [or to Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda, marriage in 1759-64]; and in 1779 or in 1784, in Myslniew, west to Ostrzeszow, to Konstancja Psarska a daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, was the son of Franciszek Walewski with his 3rd wife [a marriage in STRONSKO]. Franciszek senior was born ca 1675 / 1690 / 1710 - died in 1745 in Rusiec; the 3rd wife was Teodora Walewska.

Franciszek Walewski from the 1st marriage had also a son Aleksander Walewski, official in Piotrków (1778), in Rozprza (1748), in Cracow in 1740, married Elzbieta Mecinska of Wieruszow and JEDLNO !

We back to
Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun,
son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska. Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784 [godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska].

KAROL Myszkowski was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów
[TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski],
Police,
but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761.
KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801; Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary
[Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska. Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784].

HIERONIM Myszkowski b. ca 1550, died after 1577 [he was the son of Hieronim senior b. ca 1500, and grandson of Marcin Myszkowski b. ca 1448, and Zuzanna LASKI; Marcin was born 1448, son of Piotr Myszkowski and Agnieszka KOBYLANSKA];
with son
Waclaw Myszkowski b. ca 1600 - died in 1663/1666 + Zofia Podczaszanka Mirzowska;
and grandson
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640, bpt in Kozieglówki, 3 km south-east to Kozieglowy, south of Czestochowa - d. 1713) owner of Dabrowa, and Galewice (from hands of wife Aleksadra Grodzicki), married also to unknown Anna,
with the son
Jan Myszkowski (ca 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice), owner of Galewice.

See:
Ludwik Bartlomiej Szaniawski (b. 1816 in Gronów, 9 km east to ZLOCZEW and 18 km west to Widawa), owner of Kroczyce [17 km south to LELOW; close to Lgota Murowana], and Malowana Wola;
was the son of Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - d. 1839), owner of Ochle
[at half way from Widawa to Wola Wiazowa; 9 km west to RESTARZEW],
Gromadzice in the Wielun county [6 km north-west to Maslowice; 11 km north to WIELUN];
and Agnieszka Psarska b. ca 1770 - d. after 1844, in 1803 she was single and she was living in Radoszowice close to Osjaków [RADOSZEWICE - 9 km south-east to OSJAKOW or Radoszowice], daughter of Wladyslaw Psarski, granddaughter of Franciszek Ksawery PSARSKI.

We back to MYSZKOWSKI:

Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640 - d. 1713), the owner of Dabrowa and Galewice;
m. Anna;
they had son Jan Myszkowski (b. ca 1695 - d. 1730 in Galewice), official in Wenden, the owner of Galewice; JAN married Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska b. ca 1695 - d. after 1754, daughter of Andrzej Maslowski b. ca 1670 - d. before 1742, official in Wielun;
ANDRZEJ Maslowski was the son of Adam Maslowski and Urszula Bielska. the wife of named ANDRZEJ was Katarzyna Chmielinska / Chmielewska.

Above JAN had son
Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784, godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska; KAROL was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów [TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski], Police, but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761.
KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801; Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary.
Son of named KAROL:
Cyprian Justyn Franciszek Myszkowski b. 1763, Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - d. in above Tokary - close to GLUCHOW;
and grandson of KAROL MYSZKOWSKI: Adam Ignacy Ananiasz b. 1804, Tokary - d. 1864, Warszawa, owner of Kustrzyce, Przymilów and mentioned Milejów; in 1833 owner of Rojków.

Compare - Andrzej Milkowski b. ca 1770 - d. after 1831/1849, official in Wschowa; the owner of Macew [17 km north-west to KALISZ], and Milejów.

Compare:
Swiato Jeziory / Swietojeziory / Šventežeris - in the Sejny district, a region of Lozdzieje, located about 9 km east to LOZDZIEJE. In the 18th century, belonged to Dominik Radziwill. Then, Swietojeziory / Šventežeris to Mikolaj Myszkowski until 1863.
Then the estate broke up on a few parts. The farm passed to Mendel Burak.
That is Mikolaj Myszkowski (b. in 1806, in the Doruchów parish, 13 km east to OSTRZESZOW ! - in Przytocznica 4 km north-west to Doruchów. See SUWALKI !).
He was the son of Hipolit Ignacy Karol Myszkowski (1760 in Komorniki close to Poznan - d. 1828, Zapolice, 3 km east to STRONSKO; in the Stronsko parish - 9 km south-west to Zdunska Wola);
the grandson of WOJCIECH who had 4 wives;
named Wojciech Stanislaw Myszkowski (b. 1727, Galewice, bpt in Cieszecin - d. 1795, Galewice) was the brother of Karol Myszkowski b. 1723, Galewice {godfather was Jan Maslowski + Jadwiga Maslowska-Myszkowska};
the great-grandson of Jan Myszkowski b. 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice, official in Wenden, the owner of Galewice, north-east to Wieruszow and CHOBANIN; who was the son of
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640 - 1713), the owner of Dabrowa / Dabrowka [4 km east to Galewice] and Galewice; m. Anna.

Mentioned above Mikolaj Myszkowski, 1640-1713, owner of Ruda close to Wielun [5 km south-east to WIELUN; east to MOKRSKO ! - see Jan Paszkowski], and Galewice [13 km north-east to WIERUSZOW], m. Aleksandra Grodzicka, 1640 - 1668, with:
1. Chryzostom Mikolaj Myszkowski, born ca 1675 or b. 1665-1709 m. Jadwiga Karsnicka of Wielun,
2. Jadwiga Myszkowska, died in 1725 m. Stefan Golygowski owner of Kurow (see Kiedrzynski) [8 km west to WIELUN],
3. Elzbieta Myszkowska m. before 1692 to Adam Kiedrzynski.
Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1675, d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, but in 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska was widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski; Eleonora was then wife of Jan Relo.

The brother of named JADWIGA and ELZBIETA was [previously mistaken] Mikolaj / Chryzostom Mikolaj Myszkowski b. ca 1675 - d. 1709, the owner of Galewice [13 km north-east to WIERUSZOW], m. in 1702 in Kruszyna north-east to Czestochowa [east to Cykarzew; 13 km north-east to KOSCIELEC of MADALINSKI; 16 km south to JEDLNO of Walewski - see Izydor Kiedrzynski], to Jadwiga Fundament Karsnicka b. ca 1680.


Brief note on KIEDRZYNSKI:

Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior, b. ca 1675, had brothers or cousins:
Marcin b. ca 1670 / 1680,
Mikolaj 2nd Kiedrzynski b. ca ? - inf. 1704,
and the last
Andrzej Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 in the Kalisz province.
And Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1680, son of Zofia Lubienska 1640 - 1692, daughter of Wojciech Lubienski d. 1653, and Teofila Górska, d. 1668; he was living in Galonki.
Elzbieta Myszkowska m. before 1692 to Adam Kiedrzynski.
Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1675, d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1680, but in 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska was widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski; Eleonora was then wife of Jan Relo.
We have different data:
Adam-Stefan Kiedrzynski was husband of Eleonora Rozdrazewska b. ca 1683, with son Mikolaj - inf. 1740. Eleonora Rozdrazewska was 1 voto m. to Adam Kiedrzynski, but 2 voto Stanislaw Ryt; inf. of 1739 about her brother.

Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 was brother of above Adam; inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.

Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior b. ca 1675, owner of Dymki, close to Lututow since 1698, 1709 inf. in Wielun, was son of Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 1st, b. ca 1650 - inf. 1704 in the Sieradz province.

Anna Cielecka (ca 1770 - 1838), the proprietress of estates Galewice, Kaski farm close to Galewice
(Galewice 10 km north-east of Wieruszow and 8 km north-east of Chobanin; KASKI - 2 / 3 km east of above Galewice and east of Domanin; Kaski - 11 km west of LUTUTOW and west of Dymki of the Kiedrzynskis. family; see OLSZOWSKI / Olszewski, Kreski, Madalinski and Psarski families), and Gizyce with Maczniki in the Kalisz province, m. Adam Wegierski (ca 1770 - 1829), with daughter
Róza Tekla Wegierska (b. 1804), married in Warsaw in 1829, to Ludwik Fiszer (born 1800 - died in 1877 in Lomza), with daughter
Leokadia Józefa Fiszer (b. ca 1832 in Zawrocie, close to Wysokie Mazowieckie), m. in 1854 in Wysokie Mazowieckie to Aleksy Sabin Wincenty Kurcyusz b. ca 1830, with daughter
Maria Kurcyusz b. ca 1850, married 1881 in Warsaw to Zdzislaw Godfryd Redel (b. 1839 in Pesy, in the Lomza county) who was son of Wladyslaw Ignacy Józef Redel (b. ca 1812 Warsaw), and grandson of Jakub Redel (1769 - 1845) and Barbara Karolina Dabrowska;

Zdzislaw Godfryd Redel b. 1839 had mother Wanda Narcyza Albina Zmichowska (b. ca 1816 in Rawicz), daughter of Jan Zmichowski and Wiktoria Kiedrzynska
(Wiktoria died in 1819; Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska was daughter of Lukasz Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Józefata Raczynska / Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755
[Franciszka RACZYNSKA-KIEDRZYNSKA, born 1751 or ca 1755; she was daughter of Józef Raczynski and Brygida BREZA daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738];
daughters of Wiktoria nee KIEDRZYNSKA:
Wanda Narcyza Albina REDEL,
Kornelia Gloger;
Wiktoria Lewinska,
Narcyza Zmichowska 1819 - 1876).

Records:
1.
in 1797, marriage of Maurycy Borzecki and Juljanna Czochron / Julianna Czochron. Maurycy Borzecki was the owner of Pniewy. Witnesses: Jan Szaniawski, Florjan Borzecki, Maciej Willant.
2.
Józef Szaniawski and Joanna Borzecka, marriage in 1788, with witnesses Damazy Borzecki the father, Jerzy Waniewski military.
3.
Jan Szaniawski and Teresa Borzecka, marriage in 1792 in Pniewy; witnesses: Maksymilian Mielzynski owner of Pniewy [north-east to Nowy Tomysl, close to west border of ex-POLAND; north-west to CHELMINKO and CHELMNO] and Sczaniecki owner of Chelmno [5 km south-east to PNIEWY].
4.
in 1776, Piotr Szaniawski died; official in Piotrkow Trybunalski.
5.
Wojciech SZANIAWSKI in Gniezno; see: Anna Borzecka and Lucja Galecka.

Acc. to Nejman:
Wojciech Sulimierski owner in 1728 of Losieniec, married to Dorota Trzebnicka, with son:
Józef Sulimierski d. 1787, m. Antonina Przeradzka; with children:
1. Jan died 1809, 2. Salomea; 3. Agnieszka m. Jan Kossobudzki;
4. Ludwik Sulimierski born ca 1758, died ca 1826, owner of Stronsko, m. to Marianna Julianna Kempista, daughter of Maciej Kempista and Joanna Szeliska,
with children:
a) Faustyna born ca 1799, Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki;
b) Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski of Wesola and Tyczyn, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska; with daughter Ewa Józefa born 1836 in Zielecice;
c) Feliks Bonawentura Sulimierski married in 1829 to Petronela SZANIAWSKA - she was b. 1810 in Gromadzice, daughter of Jan Kanty SZANIAWSKI b. ca 1764, owner of above Gromadzice, and Ochle, and Agnieszka Psarska [see below].

Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - 1839) had sons:
1. Józef Gabriel Szaniawski (born in 1805 in Gromadzice close to Wielun - d. 1879) married in 1841 to Aniela Zbijewska (b. 1816);
2. Jan Chryzostom Ignacy Szaniawski (born 1813, Gromadzice), owner of Chodaki in the Szadek county, and also owner of Kraszyn, and Zwiasty;
3. Ludwik Bartlomiej Szaniawski (b. 1816 in Gronów, the Sieradz county), owner of Kroczyce in the Lelów county and Malowana Wola (see above on Ignacy KIEDRZYNSKI)
and married in 1844 in Redziny to Aniela Rotkiewicz from Kroczyce (b. in 1824, Kroczyce - died 1860, Piotrków) daughter of Marianna Dobinska (Dabinska, Drabinska).

Above Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - 1839) was the landowner of Ochle close to Lask and owner of Gromadzice in the Wielun county, married in 1803, Osjaków, to Agnieszka Psarska b. ca 1770 - died after 1844, daughter of Wladyslaw Psarski 1700-1787. Jan Kanty Szaniawski had daughter:
above named Petronela Szaniawska 1809-1835, who married Feliks Bonawentura Szulimierski / Sulimierski b. 1800 with son Stanislaw Jan Szulimierski / Sulimierski b. 1830 - Widawa;
Feliks Bonawentura Szulimierski / Sulimierski was son of Ludwik Szulimierski / Sulimierski born 1770 + Marianna KEMPISTA [see above].

JAN Kanty SZANIAWSKI, b. ca 1764, owner of Gromadzice, and Ochle.


The Kalinowski family:

Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 (ca 1730 !?) + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni [Antoni Borzecki, official in PRZEMYSL, born ca 1690 ??] and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.
Mentioned above
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 (ca 1730 !?) + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan).

Emerencjanna Emercjanna Pociej, de Bours de Montmorency, nee Warszycka was born ca 1692, to Stanislaw Warszycki and Marianna of Zakliczyn nee Jordan. Stanislaw was born in 1666. Marianna was born in 1670. Emerencjanna married Ludwik Konstanty Pociej in 1717; Ludwik was born in 1664, in Kietowiszki. They had daughter Ludwika Marianna Borzecka nee Pociej. Emerencjanna married 2nd to Józef Aleksander de Bours de Montmorency in 1730; Józef de Montmorency, chevalier seigneur de Bours, was born in 1690 / 1700. Emerencjanna died in 1730.

Note to above SOLTYK + KALINOWSKI:

Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 / ca 1735,
had children:
1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,
2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / Olszowski [see President Lech Kaczynski],

[Antoni Jan Olszowski was born 1732, to Stanislaw Olszowski and Zofia Nekanda-Trepka. Stanislaw was born in 1705. Zofia was born in 1700. Antoni had brother Jan Nepomucen Olszowski; Antoni married Katarzyna in 1756; they had one daughter Franciszka Zaluskowski; Antoni Jan Olszowski m. to Katarzyna Niemojowska b. 1730, with son Marceli Olszowski 1767-1837, grandson Andrzej Olszowski 1801-1879 m. in 1837 to Emilia Czarzewska / Czazewska 1818-1885;
great-grandson Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 married Julia Szembek 1836-1928.
Ludwik was owner of Torzyniec, died in Breslau / Wroclaw, the marriage in 1866.
Julia was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu;
Julia nee Szembek was born 1836 or ca 1838 in the Siemianice parish, died in Wroclaw. Above Andrzej Olszowski was son of Marceli and Franciszka Kalinowska - she was born ca 1760 (before 1765 ?).
Franciszka Kalinowska m. Olszewski / Olszowski in ca 1800.
The Ludwik Olszowski branch come from Walerian and his son Mikolaj who was born in 1619 in Olszowo / Olszowa, the Ujazd parish. Olszowo - 15 km north-west of Ujazd in the Slask province (Schlesien, Silesia)],

3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki.

Above Józef Soltyk b. ca 1750, died in 1803, came from Mikita (Mikolaj) Soltyk. His grandfather - Józef Franciszek Soltyk d. 1735, and father - Maciej Soltyk d. 1780. Józef Soltyk d. 1803, was brother of Maciej Kajetan, and of Stanislaw SOLTYK - senator and Marshal of the Parliament of the Warsaw Duchy.

4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Glogowski

[this is the genealogical connection to the Komorowski family and this means that also to the President Bronislaw Komorowski - see my data on liaisons of Lithuanian and Galician branches of this count's family - also see: Wola Pszczólecka, Mielzynski, Kalinowski and Oginski - von Ronne and Bilewicz from Zmudz / Samaites],

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 / 1764 + Ludwik Walewski [see Kiedrzynski, Fiszer {+ Kosciuszko and Jefferson}, Wola Pszczolecka {see Kiedrzynski}];

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska.

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 d. after 1790 + Elzbieta Bielska b. ca 1760, d. ca 1809, owner of Petlikowce Stare 1799 - 1809, daughter of Jozef Bielski 1730 - 1774 - son of Boguslaw Bielski and Anna Szeptycka - and Jozefa Ostrorog b. ca 1730 1st wife;
with children:
a. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. ca 1790 / 1795 d. before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka 1800-1881 owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki 1779-1844 owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska, and mother of Hortensja: Julia Glogowska b. 1760 ?;
Hortensja had husbands:
1 m. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski 1795 - before 1846,
2 m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska,
3 m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).

Child of above Hortensja:
Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska;
b. Justyna Kalinowska 1790-1876 in Paris owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.
c. Józef Kalinowski ca 1790-1825 owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. ca 1791 in Guzow; the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 1st m. to Prot Antoni Potocki, 2nd to General Walerian Zubow, 3rd to General Teodor Uwarow / Uvarov;
she was daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687
(acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki):
with children:
Józefina Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski,
Olga Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski,
Seweryna Kalinowska,
and Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki. That is married to Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773.

We remember about Maria Kalinowska in 1840 moved back from St Petersburg on Krakow / Cracow. 1840 acc. to Cosroe Dusi: May 30. This morning began the portrait of Countess Josephine Kalinovskaya / Jozefina Kalinowska ... 1840, June, the 27. This morning the family Branicki leaves with Countess Kalinovsky. They ordered me a portrait of an older sister, who is married to General Plautin / Plautyn and lives in Tsarskoye Selo.
And Olga Kalynovska / Kalinowska goes away from court, to his native Poland, where she get married; Alexander agrees to marry Mary Hesse-Darmstadt.

Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria. His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house:
Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.
Maria Trubeckoi / Duchess Maria Troubetzkoy / Mary Trubecki was born 1835 / 1840 / 1850. Duchess Maria Troubeckoy married Konstantinovich - genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl; Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.
Therefore, we have strong links between the 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Zaporozhya / Zaporoze / Alexandrovsk and with Estonia, including Tallinn, Viljandi and Parnu. These relations also apply Miezonki, Lodz, the secret Pilsudski movement in Belarus and Estonia and the smuggling of weapons from Russia to Galicia by Lodz.
Two families: Kalinowski and Paszkowski, has a lot connections.
Count Joseph Kalinowski fought in the Polish Legions, among others between 1806 and 1807 - Silesia, Westphalia, etc. Similarly, the colonel and then general Franciszek Paszkowski. Both participated in the Napoleonic wars, years 1812-1813. Returned to the country in 1814. Then Paszkowski, and Kalinowski, have made a Free City of Krakow (ca 1819) and established families. Their children were born just after 1816. Both have completed military service in the rank of general. Both family came from south of the former Poland, after in the Russian zone, and also in the Austrian partition, but had a relationships with families living in Russia.
Nestor Troubetzkoy had father:
Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874;
grandfather - Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773 - died 16 November 1801.
And mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski was Countess Maria Kalinowska. Probably she was born (after 1805) ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski.

We back to WALEWSKI:

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow daughter of Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzecka - she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Swierzyny, to Mikolaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771;
Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI children:
A. Michal Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krzeslow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolinska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckoronska,
with:
a) Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822 in Parzymiechy,
b) Jadwiga Maria + 1850 to Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski;

D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kreska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karsnicka.
Children of Napoleon Walewski:
a) Ludwik Mieczyslaw Walewski b. 1830, owner of Pstrokonie, Paprotnia, m. unknown with: Adela,
b) Antonina Floriana Salomea b. 1831 in Pstrekonie, + Boleslaw Kobierzycki,
c) Wanda Natalia Maria Walewska b. 1832 in Maslowice, m. Wladyslaw Sulimierski owner of Lubiec near Wola Pszczolecka (see Adam Kiedrzynski in Sulmierzyce).

We back to SZANIAWSKI:

The grandson of Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski was
Alfons Fortunat Szaniawski, born 1837, General
[Szaniawski Alfons Fortunat, General of the Russian Army, entrepreneur, philanthropist. Born in Siedlce, he was the son of Leon Pawel Szaniawski (born ca. 1800), co-owner of the property in Szaniawy-Rynda; his mother was Tekla Filigens (born 1812). 1898 he was moved to Moscow where he bought a house near Arbat, which became a frequent gathering place for Russian intelligentsia. He kept contact with Franciszek Antoni Wasilewski, and Alexander Lednicki. In July 1905 he had given to the Moscow Poor Roman Catholic Charity Society 40 thousand rb. in gold for the establishment of a Polish library, called the Polish House (opened on 23 Oct. 1906)].

Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski (1764-1843), philosopher, lawyer, censor;
son of above mentioned Antoni Szaniawski and Konkordia Lipinska.

Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski born in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, died in Lwów,
"...during the Kosciuszko Uprising (1794), Szaniawski was a Polish Jacobin. After the suppression of the uprising, he emigrated to Paris, where he was a member of the "Polish Deputation"; an independence organization that arose in Paris in 1795 (remaining active till 1796) and grouped representatives of the Polish emigre radical wing. ... The Polish Deputation thereby came into conflict with the moderate Kosciuszko-Uprising emigre activists of the "Agency", founded in Paris in 1794, which opposed armed action in Poland, counting instead on France's diplomatic and military aid, and supporting Henryk Dabrowski's Polish Legions...".
Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski (1764-1843), in 1788, married in Pawlowice to Joanna Julianna BORZECKA [see KALINOWSKI and Wola Pszczolecka; Mielzynski - Billewicz - Merkel].

Borzecki, Hilary, son of Pawel BORZECKI and Bogucka, in 1774, give his land back [the KOSCIAN county; the property was owned by his brother TOMASZ BORZECKI] to Maciej Dabrowski.
In 1784, agreed with his 1st wife Katarzyna, widowed Opolska.
Borzecki, Hilary was landowner of Michorzew / Michorzewo. His 2nd wife died in 1785, in Michorzewo; In 1788 he bought a land from Józef Drywa Zakrzewski, official in Pyzdry: Wysoka, Wielany, Podgór. Inf. in 1788 about his sister Rozalia.
Wysoka and Smolnik was sold in 1789 to Maksymilian Mielzynski [the Koscian county].
Felicjan Walknowski in 1789 sold to HILARY BORZECKI land of Targoszyce and Poradowo and also a part of the Zemiechow forest.
Hilary died 1793 / 1796 in Lutogniew - Jutrosin.
His 2nd wife was Jadwiga Teresa Sokolnicka, daughter of Kazimierz SOKOLNICKI, mariage before 1789; she was born ca 1749; her second mariage in 1798 to Jan Nepomucen Korytowski, in Wyganów; her daughter Urszula Kordula Józefa BORZECKA born in Targoszyce, bpt. in 1789 in Wyganów; she died after 1808 near to Szkaradowo.

The brother of named above Hilary was Damazy BORZECKI, son of Pawel Borzecki senior, and Bogucka;
Pawel Borzecki = Pawel Damazy Borzecki junior, born in Grodnica, bpt in 1739 in Strzelce Wielkie; in 1767 m. Anna Marianna Figetti, daughter of Jakub FIGETTI and Anna Krzechcinska; PAWEL BORZECKI was leaseholder of Kobylin Stary in 1772-78; Dlugoleka close to named Kobylin in 1780 - near to Pepowo; Sarbinowo close to Zytowiecko; Dabcza, 1782 close to Mokronos; owner of Grodnica in the Koscian county;
in 1782 Antoni Sulkowski bought named GRODNICA.

In 1784 Pawel Damazy Borzecki junior rented Odolanow.
Damazy Borzecki / Pawel Damazy Borzecki junior, died after 1790; his wife - Marianna, was owner of Pniewy, godmother of granddaughter Szaniawska in 1794 in Poniec;
His daughters:
Joanna Julianna BORZECKA, b. in 1768 close to Poniec, married in Pawlowice in Nov. 1788 to Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski;
Róza, b. ca 1772, and
1776 was born Teresa Jadwiga Borzecka, in Folwark Kobylinski, bpt in Kobylin, m. 1792 in Pniewy to Jan Szaniawski;
Helena, b. in Folwark Kobylinski in 1778;

Pawel Damazy Borzecki junior, had sons:
Florian;
Teodor, b. in Zawada / Zawady and bpt 1769;
Maurycy.

The Poznan BORZECKI branch:

Damazy Borzecki m. before 1766 to Maria with: Florian, Joanna Julia and Teodor. He was living in 1788 in the Pawlowice parish; and in 1789 in the Pniewy parish.

Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski in 1791 was living in the Pawlowice manor in the Pawlowice parish.

Teodor Borzecki bpt. in Zawada in 1769 in the Poniec parish.

Teresa BORZECKA in 1792 married to Jan Szaniawski in the Pniewy parish; 1797 she was living in Czarnków parish.

Maurycy Borzecki in 1797 married to Julia Czachran, in the Czarnków parish; he was the landlord of Pniewy.


The Pradzynski family and Wola Wiazowa - Wilkowo Polskie:

1.
Aleksander Madalinski owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, married in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska, the daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowski, with:
A. Kontancja Madalinska m. in 1757 to Dominik Zelislawski d. 1772, 2 voto Maksymilian Pradzynski son of Teresa nee Malachowski-Pradzynska;
B. Kajetan MADALINSKI d. 1784, owner of Raczkow, Upuszczow, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski, died 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska.
2.
Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 Ruda, baptis. in Rudlice, m. Franciszek Ksawery Walewski b. ca 1740, owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska.
Above Franciszek Walewski officer in Rozprza, 1710-1745, wife Teodora Walewska b. 1710. His son Ksawery Franciszek Walewski officer in Ostrzeszów, 1739 / 1740-1796.
WOLA WIAZOWA owned by the Walewskis in the 18th cent., they founded in 1781 a church.
In 1885 estate included Wola Wiazowa, Wincentów, Stanislawów, Deby, and owned by Pradzynski:
Stanislaw Kostka Pradzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [born in Pacholewo, died in Poznan] and his wife BRONIKOWSKA;

next Wola Wiazowa took his son Wincenty Pradzynski
[Wincenty Józef Pradzynski], died 1858 in Warszawa
[Wincenty's brother: Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski {b. 1792 in Sanniki; General}.
Wincenty was born on April 5, 1795, in Iwno / IWNIE close to Kostrzyn. His wife Salomea was born on November 19, 1790, in Wasosz]
and his wife Salomea Mierzynska b. 1799

[the sons of named Wincenty Jozef Pradzynski, 1795-1858:
Stanislaw Wincenty Pradzynski / Stanislaw Pradzynski, 1828-1855;
Wincenty Boleslaw Pradzynski born in 1839, d. 1895;
Edward Emilian Julian Pradzynski b. 1838 in Leznica Wielka - died in 1895 in WOLA WIAZOWA + Maria Skorzewska

{a case of excise duty on spirits, which was supposed to be exported abroad (to Prussia ?) in Piotrkow in 1875 and in 1892; the owner of the distillery in Wola Wiazowna's estate, Edward Pradzynski, for the purpose of securing the excise tax due to him for export abroad spirits, presented a deposit in the general amount of 17,000 rs. In 1875 Pradzynski demanded from the excise manager in the Kalisz to return to him the deposit on the principle that the corresponding amount of spirits was supposedly from his distillery exported abroad.
A court case in 1893 - Maria Pradzynska vs. Edward Pradzynski
(compare the life of MATEUSZ "KIEDRZYNSKI" of Wola Wiazowa - a trade in alcohol, snuff, cigars, lubricants to Prussia. And Gabriel Kiedrzynski / Gabryel of Jedlno and Wola Wiazowa - 1831/1832 to April abroad ?; and Jan of Wola Wiazowa and Wola Pszczolecka, come from named Gabryel)};

Boleslaw Jan 1842-1855,
and Wladyslaw Pradzynski 1837-1898 lived in LEZNICA WIELKA close to Leczyca + Anna Skrzynska].

Stanislaw Pradzynski 1828-1855, a single, son of Wincenty and Salomea born Mierzynska; Stanislaw died in Wola Wiazowa in 1855.

In 1858, Wincenty Pradzynski died, the owner of Kobierzycko [at half way from BLASZKI to Sieradz; the Wróblew parish, 3 km to KOBIERZYCKO] and of Wola Wiazowa / Wola Wiezowa; Wincenty-Józef-Grzymala Pradzynski, was the Actual Counselor of State; died in Warsaw on 19 November 1858.

In 1863 in the Wola Wiazowa manor was secret printing house of Feliks Kicki.

1892 - Wola Wiazowa belonged to Pradzynski [see above on Edward Emilian Julian Pradzynski b. 1838 in Leznica Wielka - died in 1895 in WOLA WIAZOWA + Maria Skorzewska].

Melchior Jan Pradzynski b. 1753 in Mrowino [at half way from Szamotuly to Poznan], died 1797, son of Antoni Pradzynski 1710-1761, and Marianna Czaplicka; husband of Petronela KIEDRZYNSKA;
father of Andrzej Pradzynski and Józef Pradzynski;
brother of Józefina Gertruda; Antonina Joanna Malgorzata; Ludwika Klara Róza Modliborska; and
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski [1761-1817, m. Bronikowska; owner of WOLA WIAZOWA; the father of GENERAL Ignacy Pradzynski 1792-1850.
In Wola Wiazowa in 1866 see Kiedrzynski under nickname].

Mentioned Petronela Pradzynska - Kiedrzynska, b. 1767/1769. Petronela Pradzynska Kiedrzynska married Melchior Jan Pradzynski, b. 1753 in Mrowino [at half way from Szamotuly to Poznan], died 1797, son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka.
3.
Stanislaw Rembowski [1691-1768; son of Wojciech Rembowski and Marianna Przedzynska / PRADZYNSKA !; Stanislaw had sister Katarzyna Konarska and a brother Jan Rembowski]. See WILKOWO POLSKIE and Zamoyska-Kiedrzynska.
4.
Andrzej Pradzynski, 1794-1872; born in Kowalew / KOWALEWO close to PLESZEW, 5 km east to Orpiszewek of Kiedrzynski; north-east to Dobrzyca. His father born in MROWINO, in 1753 [at half way from Szamotuly to Poznan]. Petronela Pradzynska - Kiedrzynska, b. 1767/1769, was the mother of above Andrzej Pradzynski born in KOWALEWO / Kowalew close to PLESZEW, 4 km to south-west [14 km north-east to DOBRZYCA, north to Bieganin, 5 km east to ORPISZEWEK], in 1794, d. in ZERKOWO, was living in WODZISKA close to STRZEMBORZA [close to Koluszki is situated Strzemboszewice]; and Józef Pradzynski b. ca 1792.

Free Poles Association / Free Lechytes - a secret patriotic organization in 1819-1823 in the Kingdom of Poland;
founded in November 1819 in Warsaw by Tadeusz Krepowiecki, Wiktor Heltman and Ludwik Piatkiewicz; among the members were Ignacy Pradzynski, Seweryn Goszczynski, Maurycy Mochnacki, Stanislaw Jachowicz, Józef Kozlowski and Ksawery Bronikowski - all about 40 members. They fought on full unification of the Polish lands and the independence of the state; called for fight with the Russian invaders, prepare papers and readings. Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association. He was member of the Patriotic Society. When Alexander I went to the congress of the Holy Alliance to Opava (in early 1821 moved to Ljubljana), he to sign an agreement to intervene in the event of a revolution.
Arrived from Warsaw, Ignacy Pradzynski put forward the project of independence of the Great Poland's branch of the National Freemasonry. They were renamed the Union of Scytheman, 1820-1826.
Its members "broke the gypsum of Alexander, burned his constitution, stop looking at Warsaw".
They embraced Kosciuszko's bust [see general Paszkowski and General Fiszer].
Further secret organizations were created. In 1819, the Free Poles Association was formed, headed by Victor Heltman. May 1, 1821 - the Patriotic Society was founded. The Patriotic Society was run by Lukasinski, and after his arrest by the Krzyzanowski. Lukasinski was arrested in 1822. The Union of Scytheman, 1820-1826 with Ignacy Pradzynski at the head. Stanislaw Soltyk and Ignacy Pradzynski, leaving the prison in the state of extreme exhaustion. In 1816 Polish students founded the Polonia corporation in Wroclaw and then in 1818 in Berlin; and also in 1819 in Krakow. The oldest corporation was established in 1828 in Dorpat.

Western Borderlands of Poland.

PRZEMET - 28 km east-south-east to KARGOWA [Kargowa in 1541 to Zychlinski; it served as a customs chamber of POLAND at way to Brandenburg and north Silesia of the Czech Kingdom. But Trzebiechow was situated in Brandenburg / Prussia in 1482 to 1945].

PRZEMET - 16 km south-west to Wilkowo Polskie [Wilkowo Polskie - 27 km north-east to ex-border of Silesia and the Czech Kingdom]; and 16 km north-west to ex-border of Silesia [Silesia in 1742 to Prussia].

Jezierzyce Koscielne - 14 north-east to WSCHOWA [Wschowa in 1343 to Poland]; 14 km south-east to GORSKO. 4 km west to Golanice and Krzycko Male. 5 km to ex-border of Bohemia - Czech / Silesia [1348-1742].

GORSKO, 10 km south-west to PRZEMET; 13 km north-west to Jezierzyce Koscielne.

Wilkowo Polskie 23 km north to KRZYCKO WIELKIE.

In 1815-1848, Wilkowo Polskie belonged to the Kosten county; and Wilkowo Polskie was owned by Marceli Czarnecki, including Siekowo, Siekówko, Ziemin and Bielawy in 1841. At the beginning Osowski in 1644 put away the dowry to his daughter, who married a Catholic, Radomicki.
In the 17th cent. owned by Szoldrski, inf. 1679.

Popowo Stare was the part of the parish of Wilkowo Polskie until 1660; the distance is 3 km.

Wschowa - Kunowo - Wilkowo Polskie:

1. Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. This is Kunow / Kunowo 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis. See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn; Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo; Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County.

2. In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska [widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa], after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski. Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn; north of Leszno [see Sulkowski]; 15 km north-east of PRZEMET / Przemet [see in named Przemet a father of Andrzej Mielzynski of Kcynia, 1698-1771 + Anna Petronela Bninska, 1720-1771].

3. Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI [see Radziejow] of Kalisz (1758-1763) and Poznan (1763-1782), 1729-1792, m. Wirydianna Bninska, 1718-1797
{her second husband before 1744: Leon Raczynski 1698-1755 with daughter Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792 who married in 1757 to Józef Stanislaw Radolinski - officer in Wschowa (1776-1777) (they had daughter Wiridianna / Wiridiana Radolinska, 1761 - 1826 + ca 1780, to Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, and 2nd + in 1806 to General Stanislaw Fiszer [see Jefferson and Kosciuszko with Paszkowski] 1759-1812)}.
Józef Stanislaw Radolinski born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra. His father was Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740, who was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Named above Stanislaw Rembowski
[1691-1768; son of Wojciech Rembowski and Marianna Przedzynska / PRADZYNSKA !; Stanislaw had sister Katarzyna Konarska and a brother Jan Rembowski]
and Marianna Zamoyska
[daughter of Michal Zamoyski b. 1690 {or before !}, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rozen]
had son Klemens Rembowski b. 1752, and grandchildren:
Katarzyna Rembowska / Rembowska b. 1780, Maciej Rembowski 1780-1833, Stanislaw Rembowski 1780-1849, and Antoni Jan Rembowski 1785-1858 [landowner of Szczytniki, in the Kalisz county; died in Nowa Wies; married in 1810 to Marcjanna Marianna Wolska b. 1793].

Michal Zamoyski b. 1690 or acc. to me: born ca 1679, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rozen - that is Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski the 6th landlord of ZAMOSC, b. ca 1679 or after 1679, died 1735 - Zamosc; he married three times; 3rd time to unknown with two daughters born ca 1720 {above Marianna Zamoyska [? = Marjanna nee Zamoyska]} and the second daughter after 1720.

Stanislaw Rembowski b. 1691 or born in 1696-1768 married two times: in 1733 [with son Jan REMBOWSKI] and 2nd time in ca 1750; he had granddaughter Marianna Rembowska married to Andrzej Kurowski (b. 1750 Mrowiniec - d. after 1799) officer in Poznan in 1791 to ca 1795, who was in 1798 landowner of Górsko / Gorsko close to Przemet - Przemet / Priment, in the Wolsztyn county, 5 km to ex-Prussian border, 19 north of WSCHOWA, south-east of Wolsztyn [see Mielzynski and Sulkowski !] - marriage before 1797.

Above Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski was the father of Ludwina Wielhorska; Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski; Jan Jakub Zamoyski [married Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781]; Andrzej Zamoyski, Count; Helena Potocka; Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska, and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech born 1722, married Jan Karol Wandalin Mniszech 1716-1759, General.

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech
[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, son of above Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771, daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]
and Brygida / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka.

In 1775 Florian / Florjan Kiedrzynski, a clark in KALISZ, and his relatives: Pawel Kiedrzynski [heirs], son of Marcin KIEDRZYNSKI with Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska; with Stanislaw Kiedrzynski, the writer of the customs chamber in WSCHOWA [see Sulkowski]; and his brother Józef Kiedrzynski - heirs.
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski, ? - 1774 [married Marjanna nee Zamoyska]. Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, was the son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [ca 1700-1788], born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1720 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [ca 1715/1720-1788], born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1720 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

Jeseritz / Jezierzyce Koscielne:

In 1566, Jezierzyce Koscielne [Golanice - 4 km south to Krzycko Wielkie; at half way from Leszno to Gorsko. 4 km south-east to Jezierzyce Koscielne] along with Golanice belonged to Mr Golanicki. In 1670 the church was subordinated to the parish in Golanice. By the end of the 19th century the name Jezierzyce Niemieckie / Jeseritz Deutsch, was used. Anhalt-Coethen Fryderyk Erdman, owner of Pszczyna / Isenburg, General, bought in 1785 Wloszakowice, Bukowiec, Grotniki, Ujazdowo, Dominice / Domianice, Miastko, and Jezierzyce;
Jezierzyce Koscielne belonged to Teodor Bilewicz, before him to Stanislaw Krzycki;
Fryderyk bought it in 1782.

Wloszakowice - at half way from Gorsko to Krzycko Wielkie; 14 km south-east to PRZEMET.

Miastko - 1 km south to Gorsko.

DOMINICE / Domianice - 4 km east to Gorsko.

Golanice - 4 km south to Krzycko Wielkie; at half way from Leszno to Gorsko. 4 km south-east to Jezierzyce Koscielne.

Named
Stanislawa Krzycki -
in Golanice, 1776, Stanislaw Kostka Franciszek Ksawery Bartlomiej, was born - son of Stanislaw Krzycki and Weronika, owners of Golanice, Jezierzyce Koscielne, Krzycko Wielkie; godparents: Bartlomiej Stecki, the Maltese knight, and young Weronika Gurowska.
Golanice, 1757, [wedding in Rogowo close to Krobia], Jerzy Twardowski younger married Krystyna Konstancja Bronikowska, owner of Lukow, widowed after death of the owner of Rogowo in the Krobia parish; witnesses:
Andrzej Twardowski, the Chamberlain of prussian king, owner of Golanice and Jezierzyce Koscielne; and Zygmunt Unrug the owner of a part of Drzewce - 4 km west to ROKOSOWO.

Golanice, 1781, Józef Kazimierz was born - son of Andrzej Korsini owner of Golanice and Jezierzyce Koscielne, and Anna Gruszczynska;
witnesses:
Kazimierz Korsini, owner of Ruchocice - 7 km south-west to Grodzisk Wielkopolski - and Ludwika Jablonowska - Niezychowska, widow after Ignacy, official in Wschowa, owner of Dlugie.

Maria Jarzebowska (born Krzycka), 1768 - 1815, was the daughter of Stanislaw Krzycki and Anna Weronika Krzycka nee Niezychowska; Stanislaw b. 1731. Anna was born in 1750. Maria married Józef Jarzebowski b. 1763 with the son Stanislaw Jarzebowski.
Above Stanislaw Kostka Krzycki b. ca 1731, died 1794, son of Wladyslaw Krzycki and Teresa;
Above Weronika Krzycka (Niezychowska) b. ca 1750, died 1807.

Mentioned above Wladyslaw Krzycki died 1746, was the son of Jan Krzycki.

Dalików - 12 km east to PODDEBICE.

Ownership of the family Sarnowski in the 16th and 17th cent.; before 1863-1864 Dalików belonged to Wardeski; Wladyslaw Wardeski (1837-1919), the member of the 1863 Uprising;
Antoni Wardeski (1875-1941) died as a German prisoner in Dachau. On 10 Sept. 1863, close to Dalikow and Gajówka, Sokolowski, Captain Stanislaw Szumlanski and Major Robert Skowronski, fought against Russian.

Wilkowo Polskie of Zamoyska-Kiedrzynska, 28 km north to Jezierzyce KOSCIELNE of BILEWICZ.

Kiedrzynski, Jakub, died on 4 February 1798. His wife Brygida Bardzka - marriage in 1767, died in 1786
[her 1st husband Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski
with children: Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski junior, b. 1766 [not in 1769]; and Teresa Wierusz Walknowska.
OWIDIUSZ'S brother - Franciszek Wierusz-Walknowski, senior, b. ca 1710, official in Kalisz, died in 1778 or in 1783 {Franciszek's sons: Antoni Wierusz-Walknowski m. Urszula Mielzynska; Józef Wierusz-Walknowski b. 1754}. Inf. about named Franciszek: in 1769, Józef Wierusz Walknowski, son of Franciszek, official in Kalisz, a court case of Bieczyny - close to Koscian and 7km north to Czempin. BIECZYNY - with Srocko Wielkie, belonged to Kwilecki in 1846].

They had 3 daughters:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. in 1770;
Franciszka BAJKOWSKA b. ca 1768; and
Petronela Kiedrzynska.

And Kiedrzynski, Jakub, died on 4 February 1798, with his wife Brygida Bardzka had the son Franciszek Kiedrzynski b. ca 1770, married to Kreska of the Baranow parish. Franciszek was brother of Franciszka - daughter of Jakub junior, she m. in 1785 / 1791 to Michal Bajkowski.

Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakób, born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798, had son Józef Kiedrzynski - inf. in the Kingdom of Poland in 1837.
His brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski !

Above Jezierzyce / Jezierzyce Koscielne:

PRZEMET - 16 km south-west to Wilkowo Polskie [Wilkowo Polskie - 27 km north-east to ex-border of Silesia and the Czech Kingdom]; and 16 km north-west to ex-border of Silesia. Jezierzyce Koscielne - 14 north-east to WSCHOWA [Wschowa in 1343 to Poland]; 14 km south-east to GORSKO. 4 km west to Golanice and Krzycko Male. 5 km to ex-border of Bohemia - Czech / Silesia [1348-1742]. In 1846, Zygmunt Zychlinski was the owner of named Jezierzyce Koscielne.

Teodor Billewicz, the Chamberlain of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski from 1765; member of the BAR uprising in Zmudz; he was living with brother Tadeusz Bilewicz from 1771 [Tadeusz Bilewicz died in 1788], official in Wieszwiansk, 1765-1784, in Wilkomierz in 1764 and in 1765, in Lojciew. See KARSY. MP in 1764.

Above Tadeusz Billewicz d. 1788 or in 1790, the official in Troki in 1788, in MSCISLAW, from 1786, and in 1783; in Ejragolsk in 1775-1783, in Wielkie Dyrwiany in 1761; Pojursk, 1757; Zmudz in 1771; MP in 1776. Consul of the Military Department of the Perpetual Council in 1788.

Above Billewicz Tadeusz was the son of Aleksander Jerzy Bilewicz, d. 1755, official in Wielkie Dyrwiany, and in Rosienie; Aleksander had brother Jan; Aleksander was the MP, 1744; he was living in Rosienie; ALEKSANDER BILEWICZ married Anna Romer with 4 sons.


We back to WSCHOWA:
Anhalt-Coethen Fryderyk Erdman Prince, son of Krystyna Anna Emilia Promnitz, b. 1731, owner of Pszczyna (Isenburg), general, in 1785 bought Wloszakowice, Bukowiec, Grotniki, Ujazdowo, Domianice, Miastko, Kolo and Jezierzyce in the WSCHOWA county. Teodor Bilewicz [died ca 1790 ??], official in Wieszwiansk, bought Jezierzyce KOSCIELNE from Stanislaw Krzycki, and sold it to Fryderyk Anhalt-Coethen, Prince, in 1782.

TEODOR'S father - Aleksander Jerzy Bilewicz died in 1755.
Tadeusz Billewicz, 1728 - 1788, was also the son of Aleksander Jerzy Bilewicz and Ona Bilewicz / Anna Billewicz; Tadeusz's son - ADAM BILEWICZ born ca 1750.
Aleksander Jerzy Billewicz b. ca 1690, died 1764, was son of Teodor Stefan Bilewicz and Elena / Helena.
Antoni Billewicz was son of Kasparas Bilevicius / Kasper Billewicz / Kacper Billewicz, b. ca 1782, d. 1840, who was son of ADAM BILEWICZ / Adomas Bilevicius and Bogumila BUDRYK.

Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian - and JAN KIEDRZYNSKI.
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755, daughter of Józef Raczynski {JOZEF was the son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska} and Brygida nee Breza {BRYGIDA was the daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA b. 1680 d. 1749}.
Franciszka Józefata Raczynska / Franciszka Maria Raczynska was born ca 1755
[Franciszka born 1751 or ca 1755, was daughter of Józef Raczynski and Brygida BREZA / Brigitta Breza, ca 1720 - 1775, daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738. BRYGIDA was the sister of MICHAL Breza b. 1718].

Husband of above Ludwika Sitnicka or Sielinska, was Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710.

Acc. to Dworzaczek:

Aleksander MADALINSKI, son of Andrzej Madalinski and Grabianka, was the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow; in 1725 m. to Barbara Walknowska / Walichnowski, daughter of Andrzej - Barbara was known as Franciszka. Barbara was the godmother in 1755 in Biezdrowo. They died before 1772, left son Kajetan Madalinski.

Kajetan MADALINSKI, in 1772 signed a document with wife Dorota Kiedrzynska, daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska; Dorota was the widow after death of Bartlomiej Grabienski and Tomasz Psarski; Dorota again signed this document in 1773. Kajetan Madalinski was the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow;
Dorota Kiedrzynska-Grabienska-Psarska and Kajetan Madalinski were both owners of Strzegow, the village of Grabienski [Strzegowa in the Gostyn parish; see Kunowo and Koszkowo - the Kiedrzynski estates]; they were landowners of Zielecin [north-west to KOSCIAN or Zielecin 10 km north-west to Sulmierzyce, close to RZASNIA !], which village they leased Melchior Koszutski.
Kajetan Madalinski died in 1781 / 1784;
Dorota Kiedrzynska-Madalinska died in 1777 / 1784 - in Gostyczyna [close to Zydow and Chotow; 10/13 km south to KALISZ. In the 17th cent. owned by Domiechowski and in the first half of the 17th century belonged to SZOLDRSKI - Jan Szoldrski bought Gostyczyna in 1594 - until 1715 or after 1715; 1651 to Roscieski; in 1793-1806 and in 1815 to Prussia; more on GOSTYCZYNA below]. Her children were born in Strzegow.
Sons: Wawrzyniec Józef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, b. 1774. Hiacynt Jakub Madalinski b. in 1775; Michal Stanislaw Kostka, b. in 1776. And daughters: Anna, b. ca 1768, d. 1772; Julianna, b. in 1775. Waleria Józefa, b. 1778 - Gostyczyna.

Gorzyczki - 16 km south to BIECZYNY and south-east to CZEMPIN;

Bieczyny 4 km north-east to Gluchowo, and 9 km north of Czempin.

In 1844, Gorzyczki, Józef Debinski of Sieroszewice, b. ca 1820/1821, son of Wojciech and Konstancja Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1795 ??], married to Zuzanna widow from Gorzyczki, b. ca 1806, daughter of Jan and Agnieszka Lawicki.

Gorzyczki - the Koscian county, close to Czempin. At half way from KOSCIAN to SREM; north-east of LESZNO. Ca 1830 owner Edward Potworowski; Golembin (Stary Golebin), owner Melchior Szoldrski.


We back to the WESTERN POLAND:

PRZEMET - 16 km south-west to Wilkowo Polskie [Wilkowo Polskie - 27 km north-east to ex-border of Silesia and the Czech Kingdom]; and 16 km north-west to ex-border of Silesia.

Jezierzyce Koscielne - 14 north-east to WSCHOWA [Wschowa in 1343 to Poland]; 14 km south-east to GORSKO. 4 km west to Golanice and Krzycko Male. 5 km to ex-border of Bohemia - Czech / Silesia [1348-1742].

Wilkowo Polski - 37 km south-west to Bieczyny; Wilkowo Polskie - 28 km north to Jezierzyce Koscielne.

In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska
[widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after {death ?} Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa],
after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski.
The assets also included: Siekowo, Siekówko, Ziemin and Bielawa.
In 1750 named Jakub Szoldrski [wife Eufrozyna GAJEWSKA, with son Wiktor Tomasz Szoldrski b. 1779, d. Jan. 1830; and grandson Wlodzimierz Damazy Szoldrski b. 1818], was the officer in Rogozno, and ruled Nowe Miasto ROGOZNO.

Les Freres Anglais et Franēais Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski. Members: Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and with Jozef Poniatowski.
The secret organisation was formed - probably at the beginning of 1820 in Poznan - that is national Freemasonry:
Sczaniecki,
Count Wiktor Szoldrski,
Gajewski, Czapski, Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski, Zaborowski, Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski,
three brothers Mielzynski.

Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn; north of Leszno [see Sulkowski]; 15 km north-east of PRZEMET / Przemet [see in named Przemet was living a father to Andrzej Mielzynski of Kcynia, 1698-1771 + Anna Petronela Bninska, 1720-1771]. In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska [widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa], after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski.

Galecki - Rozdrazewski - Poniatowski - Kiedrzynski:

In 1719 Ms Rozdrazewska writes inventory of wealth to the Rozdrazew estate - 15 km north-east of KROTOSZYN; Rozdrazew belonged to Doliwa-Rozdrazewski until 1685. In 1720, the inventory signed in Kalisz - a case mentioned by Poniatowski. This inventory of the landproperty by mediation between the miss Galecka and the Poniatowski family was signed in 1720.

Krotoszyn - 15 km south-west to above ROZDRAZEW.

KROTOSZYN in 1725 was bought by Józef Potocki of Kiev, from hands of miss Zofia Galecki, of Poznan; Krotoszyn was the property of Rozdrazewski and Galecki:
Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski, of Inowroclaw, landlord in Krotoszyn, see inf. in 1656 in WROCLAW, fought close to Leszno and Koscian; then Konstanty Rozdrazewski who died before 1661 and sold in 1658 the villages Niewierz and Zakrzewko. His brothers: Franciszek and Stanislaw Rozdrazewski, next owners.
In 1668 Krotoszyn was owned by Katarzyna nee Opalinski, Rozdrazewska {died before 1678}, of Inowroclaw, widowed after death of Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski.
Chancellor Leszczynski, was the guardian of her children, in 1673 - 1678.
The estate was indebted and Rozalia Galecka had a court case in Srem on the unpaid sum;
then Zygmunt Franciszek Galecki of Poznan took Krotoszyn, and in 1711-17 the property was owned by widow Rozalia nee Dzieduszycki, Galecka.
Next court cases in 1720 and 1723, versus miss Zofia Galecka, the only heir of the Governor Galecki (Rozalia died before 1720).

Krotoszyn: in 1725, Jozef Potocki came to the rescue of the bankrupt, daughter Zofia Galecka, and he bought her estate in 1725. Andrzej Karszewicz {inf. in Przemet about the KARSZEWICZS}, who died before 1749, fall in love with Teresa Keszycki - Skapska, which is otherwise also for many years being processed for serious debt repayments from Rozdrazewski and Galecki. Andrzej Karszewicz in 1729 in Poznan married named Teresa Skapska, granddaughter of Teresa nee Keszycki, Skapski (Teresa is daughter of Antoni Skapski and Rozalia Cielecki).

We back to the WARDENSKI family:

Antoni Wardenski and Ludwika Kiedrzynska m. Wardenska; godparents: Kasper Zakrzewski and Marjanna Bogdanska. See - Ignacy Adam Wardeski, 1800 - d. in 1858 in DALIKOW; 10 km east to PODDEBICE. m. ca 1830 to Michalina Sulimierska 1808-1888.
Ignacy Adam Wardeski ca 1800-1858 was the son of Wladyslaw WARDESKI / WARDENSKI and Marianna Garbowska.

Above the Dalików parish was situated in the Poddebice county.

1786 in Lubocha - 3 km north to DALIKOW - bpt. of a son to Kazimierz Dabrowski; godfather - Wladyslaw Wardeski official in Leczyca. In 1788 in Dalików, godfather named Wladyslaw Wardeski.
The Wardenski / Wardynski, come from Wardezyn close to Rychwal in the Konin county; owners of Wardezyn Maly and Wielki, Jaroszewice Mokre and Pieczyski.


Jan Paszkowski, born in 1742 married 1st to unknown, 2nd married Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków).

Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, b. 12.10.1778 in Brody (to 1st wife of Jan), d. 10.3.1856 in Cracow, General, Virtuti Militari, owner of Tonie close to Cracow, tomb in Cracow - Rakowice, was half-brother of above Dominik Paszkowski.

Dominik Paszkowski was father of Józef Franciszek Paszkowski b. 1817.

Jozef Niemojowski / Niemojewski 1760-1836 m. ca 1790 to Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863, with Leon Michal b. 1798; Izabella Salomea Niemojowska b. 1801; Adolf Józef 1802-1873; Edward 1810-1874; Józef Niemojowski 1840-1857; and above named oldest daughter Anna NIEMOJEWSKA b. ca 1795 died 1872, married Paszkowski?

Anna PASZKOWSKA - Niemojewska was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872

[she married Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866. Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, b. 12.10.1778 in Brody (to 1st wife of Jan), d. 10.3.1856 in Cracow, General, Virtuti Militari, owner of Tonie close to Cracow, tomb in Cracow - Rakowice, was half-brother of above Dominik Paszkowski. General's daughter married ARMAND in MOSCOW, with family relationships to Anna KONSTANTYNOWICZ wife of Apolon Konstantynowicz - see Duflon, Breguet, Trubecki]:

acc. to me, ANNA'S mother was Ludwika nee Walewska - NIEMOJEWSKA, 1775-1863 and her grandfather was Józef Kalasanty Walewski {b. 1720/1740 ?} 1747-1792 {died 1770 ?} + Paulina Pulina Radolinska {b. 1750}, and great-grandfather was
Aleksander Walewski {Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 or 1778} married Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno, born ca 1700 or ca 1720;
Aleksander was son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki.

Sons of above Dominik Paszkowski:
Franciszek Paszkowski b. 1818 in Warsaw, d. 1883 Cracow, owner of Tonie, MP; and
Józef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski, b. 1817 in Warsaw, d. 1861 in Warsaw, + Seweryna Stompf with children:
1. Franciszek Paszkowski, lawyer, in 1902 owner of Tonie, and
2. Leon Ignacy Paszkowski, 1845 - 1904, director of a bank in Cracow, m. in 1875 to Maria Lasocka daughter of Bronislaw + Felicja Wolowska {see below - line to BRZEZINSKI - SZYMANOWSKI - WOLOWSKI}.

Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena - she was born in 1762 {1761} and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828.

Acc. to me she was the daughter of Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, who m. 1st to Zuzanna Polchowska with:
a. Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835, and
b. Magdalena Helena Walewska born ca 1761 / 1762.

Romuald was son of Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, who m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek {MARCIN WALEWSKI m. 2nd to MARCJANNA ROMER}. Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, was the son of mentioned above Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia;
MAREK SZEMBEK married Jadwiga with daughter Paulina / Paula Oginska.

Note:
Tadeusz Lubienski 1872 - 1942, was the son of Witold Józef Lubienski

[1841 - 1892, son of Seweryn Lubienski
{Seweryn Lubienski 1812 - 1855 in Venice, son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski
(1784 - 1826, was the son of Count Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski
[born in 1758 in Skala / Kraków, d. 1848 in Guzów, close to Zyrardów, son of Celestyn Lubienski and Paula Oginska]
and Tekla Teresa Katarzyna BIELINSKA)
and Paulina POTOCKI}
and Amelia GOLABEK-JEZIERSKA]

and Elzbieta Teresa Józefa Dzierzykraj - MORAWSKA.

Above Paula Oginska Szembek, burned in Miedniewice, was born 1737, d. 1798, she was wife of
Celestyn Lubienski,
Jan Prosper Potocki, and
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski!

She was mother of Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski,
Michal Kleofas Oginski, (see: Komorowski, von Ronne, Mielzynski, Bilewicz, Pilsudski, Trubecki, Kalinowski, Konstantynowicz, Tallinn, Italy, Napoleon...)
and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska;
half sister of Konstancja Kossowska and Anna Letowska.

We remember that above Antoni Felicjan Szembek ca 1680 - 1739, was father of Magdalena Antonina Walewska.

Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and
Andrzej Ignacy OGINSKI (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son
Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812]. Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with: Franciszek Ksawery Oginski and Tadeusz Antoni Oginski.

MAREK was the brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and to named above
Magdalena Antonina Walewska [mother to ROMUALD WALEWSKI and grandmother of HELENA KIEDRZYNSKA ?].

We don't know:

1. Aleksander {Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 or 1778} was son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki.

2. Or mentioned Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 {Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 or 1778} m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno} was the brother of named above FRANCISZEK Walewski {born ca 1675 or 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki. Named FRANCISZEK married 3rd in 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska b. ca 1710, daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723, the daughter of Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708 and Marianna Sarnowska} or Franciszek Walewski, 1710-1745 in RUSIEC, the son of Zygmunt and Marianna Koniecpolska.
They were sons {or next of kin} of Zygmunt Walewski (1656 ! or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior). Or Zygmunt Walewski, 1656-1716, was the son of Stefan and Teresa Sarnowska or KATARZYNA.
ZYGMUNT WALEWSKI m. 1st Anna Gostynska. Zygmunt Walewski of Rozprza (official in 1702-1716), married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu {Franciszek Walewski, junior, 1710-1745 in RUSIEC, was the son of Zygmunt and Marianna Koniecpolska}.

3. Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733 {or KAZIMIERZ WALEWSKI, 1670-1733}. Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733, was maybe brother of Zygmunt Walewski b. 1656 ! or 1670 - died in 1716, both were sons of Franciszek Walewski senior.

The line to BRZEZINSKI - SZYMANOWSKI - WOLOWSKI

Leon Ignacy Paszkowski, 1845 - 1904, director of a bank in Cracow, married in 1875 to Maria Lasocka b. 1851, daughter of Bronislaw Lasocki, Count + Felicja Zofia Wolowska.
Named Bronislaw Juliusz Edmund Lasocki [member of the 1863 Uprising], Count, 1828-1912 m. Felicja Zofia Wolowska, 1832-1906. Her parents:
Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863.

Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik Wolowski that is Ludwik Wolowski, Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland [with Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873]; he lived in Chamsk, close to Biezun [north-east], the Mlawa county [32 km south-west to Mlawa and west of PRZASNYSZ]; b. ca 1829, died in 1895 in Warszawa, was the son of mentioned Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 and Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
he married in 1851, Warszawa, to Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875, with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel WOLOWSKI, 1856-1900 + Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891.
Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 - parents: Adam WOLOWSKI 1770-1833, and Teresa Zalewska.

Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875: her father was Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873 [Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland in 1861; lived in ZBIKOW close to BLONIE]; her half-brother was Waclaw Cyryl Jakub 1821-1886 who married Michalina Naimska, 1833-1918.

Jakub Szymanowski, 1797 - 1873, was the son of Franciszek Szymanowski and Agata Wolowska; Franciszek was born in 1750, in Warszawa; Agata was born in 1760, in Warszawa.
Jakub had sister Filipina Teofila Brzezinska (born Szymanowska)
{she was married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski, 1794 - 1846, son of Michal Brzezinski;
they had children:
Teofila Anna Zielinska;
Aniela Brzezinska;
Kazimierz Brzezinski senior [family of Zbigniew Brzezinski]
and Franciszka Teofila Krysinska}.

Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married Anna Zawadzka, born in 1790, with 3 children: Waclaw Cyryl Jakub Szymanowski and 2 other; Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married 2nd to Karolina Wolowska, born in 1809, in Pustynia, Galicja, Austria, with one daughter Józefa Teofila Wolowska (born Szymanowska).

Bronislaw Lasocki, Count + Felicja Zofia Wolowska had children:
Bronislawa Lasocka + Bronislaw Kurtz;
Halina Lasocka + Stanislaw Chometowski;
Idalia; Zygmunt Lasocki / Zygmunt Bronislaw Lasocki born December 1867, a Polish lawyer (law doctor), a politician of the Polish people's movement, a diplomat; and
Józef Adam Feliks Bronislaw Lasocki.



The German database on the KIEDRZYNSKIS:

Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn - north-west-north of LESZNO. The Kosten county under Prussia. Landlord - Marceli Czarnecki [Wilkowo Polskie and Siekowo, Siekówko, Ziemin {1795 landlord Wiktor Szoldrski, then Marceli Czarnecki} and Bielawy in 1837].
In 1644, Wilkowo belonged to a daughter of Osowski and her husband Radomicki. Ca 1650 to Szoldrski; 1841, Wilkowo Polskie bought Marceli Czarnecki, then his son Antoni Czarnecki. 1884 - 1918 - Jan Czarnecki, and since 1918, Roman Czarnecki.

Pogrzybów - 20 km east of KROTOSZYN, 42 km east of GOGOLEWO ! Here in 1803, Helena Kiedrzynska was godmother; she was from a manor in Raszków. Pogrzybów - 1612 owner Dazdzbog Karnkowski, and his family here to ca 1835; 1861-1894 the Niemojowski family;
1803, Raszkówko, 12 / 14 km north-west of RAWICZ, and south of GOSTYN. Antoni Kamienski son of Józef and Katarzyna Zielinska - Godparents: Józef Ziemianski and Helena Kiedrzynska of Raszkow / RASZKOWKO [Helena b. ca 1780 ?].

Kotlów in 1820, inf. on Juljanna Kiedrzynska from KOTLOW, Godmother - Rozalja nee Szeliski, Wiesiolowska owner of Strzyzew; Józef Wiesiolowski of Strzyzew, and Marjanna Kaszynska of Nowolepsze; Mikolaj Garlicki of Nowolepsze.
KOTLOW, 1818 - inf. on Juljanna Kiedrzynska, Mss of Kotlow [JULIANNA b. ca 1800]; Kotlów - 18 km north of OSTRZESZOW.

1844, Gorzyczki, Józef Debinski of Sieroszewice, b. ca 1820/1821, son of Wojciech and Konstancja Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1795 ??], married to Zuzanna widow from Gorzyczki, b. ca 1806, daughter of Jan and Agnieszka Lawicki. Gorzyczki - the Koscian county, close to Czempin. At half way from KOSCIAN to SREM; north-east of LESZNO. Ca 1830 owner Edward Potworowski; Golembin (Stary Golebin), owner Melchior Szoldrski.

Lutynia in 1852, Franciszka Izabela, daughter of Kurcewski Dezydery and Pelagia Kurcewska; witnesses: Teodor Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska, b. ca 1820? Lutynia - close to Pleszew and Dobrzyca by the Lutynia river; half way from PLESZEW to JAROCIN. North-east of KROTOSZYN. Ca 1830 owner Józefina Bogdanska. Lutynia, buried in church in 1852, died in Krotoszyn, Józef Bogdanski aged 75, nobleman.

Rawicz in 1810, baptized Eugenja Wiktoria ZMICHOWSKA, b. 1809, daughter of Jan Zmichowski of RAWICZ, and Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynski; witnesses: Anzelm Pomorski landlord in Stwolna and Franciszka Sczaniecka, owner in Zakrzew.
Rawicz in 1814, Jan Zmichowski was born, son of above Zmichowski Jan an official in the KROBEN county, and Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynski; witnesses: Józef Kalasanty Woznicki official of above KROBEN / Krobia [15 km south of GOSTYN {see Kunowo of Kiedrzynski}; east of ROKOSOWO], and Franciszka Grodzka of RAWICZ.

1841, in Karniszewo, Antoni Kamienski landlord, and Teofila Kamienska, daughter of Ignacy Swietochowski and Zuzanna Siemiatkowska; witnesses: Józef Mrozinski landowner in Domaslawka, and Anna Kiedrzynska from Gniezno; named Karniszewo - north-west of GNIEZNO.

Sokolniki close to Miloslaw, in 1852, was born Marja Kazimiera Pelagia daughter of Mikolaj Wysocki nobleman and Józefa Kiedrzynska noblewoman [born ca 1830 ?].
Sokolniki close to Miloslaw [north-east of NOWE MIASTO by WARTA river] in 1854, July, here was born Marja Boleslawa, daughter of above mentioned Wysocki Mikolaj and Józefa Kiedrzynski - WYSOCKA.


Count Wladislaw Zamoyski 1853-1924, was closest friend of Jozef Rettinger / Retinger who was born in Cracow, in Austria-Hungary (see more at my webpages) - his father, Józef Stanislaw Retinger, was the personal legal counsel and adviser to Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski.
Acc. to Wikipedia: when Retinger's father died, Count Zamoyski took Józef into his household. Financed by Count Zamoyski, Retinger entered the Sorbonne in 1906, and two years later became the youngest person to earn a Ph.D. there at age twenty. He moved to England in 1911, where his closest friend was Polish writer Joseph Conrad. See the European Union (EU) and its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community.
Father of above Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski was Count Wladyslaw Stanislaw Zamoyski (1803 - 1868) - politician, and general. He served as aide-de-camp to Grand Duke Constantine / Konstanty Romanow, commander-in-chief of the army and de facto viceroy of Congress Poland. Working with Adam Jerzy Czartoryski he became one of the main activists in the Hotel Lambert group. He emigrated to England; 1848 - 1849 he organized Polish units in Italy, serving with the Sardinian Army to fight against the Austrians (see about the Carbonari movement at my domain).
His father was Count Stanislaw Kostka Zamoyski b. 1775, politician; 1809 he became the chairman of the Provisional Government of Galicia. He was Senator 1810 until 1831.
He was the son of Count Andrzej Hieronim Franciszek Zamoyski 1716 / 1717 - 1792, 1764 until 1767 Great Crown Chancellor.
And he was the grandson of [see below] Michal Zdzislaw Zamoyski b. 1679.

In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska
[widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after {death ?} Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa],
after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski.
The assets also included: Siekowo, Siekówko, Ziemin and Bielawa.
In 1750 named Jakub Szoldrski [wife Eufrozyna GAJEWSKA, with son Wiktor Tomasz Szoldrski b. 1779, d. Jan. 1830; and grandson Wlodzimierz Damazy Szoldrski b. 1818], was the officer in Rogozno, and ruled Nowe Miasto ROGOZNO.

Les Freres Anglais et Franēais Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski. Members: Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and with Jozef Poniatowski.
The secret organisation was formed - probably at the beginning of 1820 in Poznan - that is national Freemasonry:
Sczaniecki,
Count Wiktor Szoldrski,
Gajewski, Czapski, Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski, Zaborowski, Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski,
three brothers Mielzynski.

Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn; north of Leszno [see Sulkowski]; 15 km north-east of PRZEMET / Przemet [see in named Przemet was living a father to Andrzej Mielzynski of Kcynia, 1698-1771 + Anna Petronela Bninska, 1720-1771].

Walewski - Poniatowski - Radolinski - Zamoyski:

Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia

[his brother was Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Laszowska with son Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wezyk d. 1792 -
owner of Kalinowa and Ligota,
1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wezyk;
Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow daughter of Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzecka
- she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Swierzyny, to Mikolaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771.

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI had children:
A. Michal Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krzeslow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolinska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckoronska.
D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kreska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karsnicka],

married Brygida Galecka, daughter of Franciszek GALECKI and Ludwika Poniatowska
(BRYGIDA married 2nd to Jan Radolinski; she come from the family of the King Poniatowski - Ludwika nee Poniatowska / Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) as "Luds" was the sister of King. Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska).

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech
[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, son of Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771, daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]
and mentioned Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska.
Ludwika Poniatowska died after 1757 {d. in 1781} + Franciszek Galecki officiel in Wielun had also son Ignacy {GALECKI} born before 1740? or acc. to me 1745.
But we know about Helena Maczynska born Galecka in 1720, daughter of Ignacy Galecki b. ca 1700, and Ludwika Galecka born Poniatowska in ca 1700; Helena married Antoni Jan Maczynski b. ca 1720 with 2 children: Franciszek Maczynski.
Kasper Niesiecki ca 1839 wrote down:
Unknown GALECKI, officiel in Bydgoszcz, married Teresa Mycielska of Kalisz, 1 voto Sokolnicka of Miedzyrzecz, and the same man or maybe another married Ludwika Poniatowska; they were next of kin to Galicki in Brzesc Kujawski.


Galecki - Rozdrazewski - Poniatowski - Kiedrzynski:

In 1719 Ms Rozdrazewska writes inventory of wealth to the Rozdrazew estate - 15 km north-east of KROTOSZYN; Rozdrazew belonged to Doliwa-Rozdrazewski until 1685. In 1720, the inventory signed in Kalisz - a case mentioned by Poniatowski. This inventory of the landproperty by mediation between the miss Galecka and the Poniatowski family was signed in 1720.
Krotoszyn - 15 km south-west to above ROZDRAZEW.
KROTOSZYN in 1725 was bought by Józef Potocki of Kiev, from hands of miss Zofia Galecki, of Poznan;
Krotoszyn was the property of Rozdrazewski and Galecki:
Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski, of Inowroclaw, landlord in Krotoszyn, see inf. in 1656 in WROCLAW, fought close to Leszno and Koscian; then Konstanty Rozdrazewski who died before 1661 and sold in 1658 the villages Niewierz and Zakrzewko. His brothers: Franciszek and Stanislaw Rozdrazewski, next owners.
In 1668 Krotoszyn was owned by Katarzyna nee Opalinski, Rozdrazewska {died before 1678}, of Inowroclaw, widowed after death of Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski.
Chancellor Leszczynski, was the guardian of her children, in 1673 - 1678.
The estate was indebted and Rozalia Galecka had a court case in Srem on the unpaid sum;
then Zygmunt Franciszek Galecki of Poznan taken Krotoszyn, and in 1711-17 the property was owned by widow Rozalia nee Dzieduszycki, Galecka.
Next court cases in 1720 and 1723, versus miss Zofia Galecka, the only heir of the Governor Galecki (Rozalia died before 1720).

Krotoszyn: in 1725, Jozef Potocki came to the rescue of the bankrupt, daughter Zofia Galecka, and he bought her estate in 1725.
Andrzej Karszewicz {inf. in Przemet about the KARSZEWICZS}, who died before 1749, fall in love with Teresa Keszycki - Skapska, which is otherwise also for many years being processed for serious debt repayments from Rozdrazewski and Galecki. Andrzej Karszewicz in 1729 in Poznan married named Teresa Skapska, granddaughter of Teresa nee Keszycki, Skapski (Teresa is daughter of Antoni Skapski and Rozalia Cielecki).

See:
Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680, was brother (?) of Adam Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.
ADAM KIEDRZYNSKI married 1st to Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1685 - d. before 1724 {her sister, Jadwiga Myszkowska m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze}. Adam Kiedrzynski was born ca 1680, died ca 1723, married 2nd time to Eleonora Rozdrazewska / Rozdrazewski. In 1724, Eleonora Rozdrazewska, widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski, married 2nd to Jan Relo.

Michal Zamoyski b. 1690 or acc. to me: born ca 1679, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rozen / ROZAN ? - that is Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski, the 6th landlord of ZAMOSC, b. ca 1679 or after 1679, died 1735 in Zamosc; he married three times;
3rd time to unknown with two daughters born ca 1723 / 1730 {above Marianna Zamoyska [? = Marjanna nee Zamoyska - KIEDRZYNSKA - REMBOWSKA, inf. in 1775]} and the second daughter after 1723.
Above Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski was also the father of
Ludwina Wielhorska; Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski;
mentioned Jan Jakub Zamoyski;
Andrzej Zamoyski, Count; Helena Potocka; Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska, and
Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech born 1722, married Jan Karol Wandalin Mniszech 1716-1759, General.

Stanislaw Rembowski b. 1691 or born in 1696-1768 married two times: in 1733 [with son Jan] and 2nd time in 1752 [see below].

Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [ca 1700-1788], born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1723 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

In WSCHOWA in 1775 Marianna Zamoyska [widowed after death of Stanislaw Rembowski of Dobrzyn {marriage in 1752}, and after Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, writer in Wschowa], after receipt of payment from Ignacy Szoldrski of Smolensk, formally recognized the case is closed about Wilkowo Polskie and the Bielawy farm, since 1768 in hands of Jakub Szoldrski.
Wilkowo Polskie, 25 km east of Wolsztyn; north of Leszno [see Sulkowski]; 15 km north-east of PRZEMET / Przemet [see in named Przemet a father of Andrzej Mielzynski of Kcynia, 1698-1771 + Anna Petronela Bninska, 1720-1771].

Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds"; was the sister of King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Ludwika married in 1745 Jan Jakub Zamoyski.
PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska.

Ignacy Bleszynski born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan.
Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew (Bujnów - 3 km west of Zloczew and 9 km north-east of Dymki and close to Lututow, Borzeckie, Czarna, Cegielnia, Grójec Maly, Huta Szklana / Szklana Huta, Huta Stara, Miklesz, Stanislawów, Zloczewska Wies, Zloczewska Wola and Zapowiednik, inf. by Wikipedia; 1773 - Grodzice and Lagiewniki),
MP in 1809, 1811 of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, officer in Brodnica, very active member of the 1794 Insurection (battle of Sieradz; see Madalinski and Uminski) in the Sieradz province; married Petronela Radolinski.
All children of Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and
Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanislaw Józef Walewski was born in 1720 ! or born in 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumil Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814
{his daughter Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819},
and Kunegunda Szembek nee Walewska, born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek 1740-1835 MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793,
with son Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdansk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier.


Inf. in 1775 about Florian / Florjan Kiedrzynski, a official in KALISZ, and his relatives:
Pawel Kiedrzynski [heirs], son of Marcin Kiedrzynski and Wiktoria nee Pstrokonska - Kiedrzynska;
with Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / STANISLAW KOSTKA KIEDRZYNSKI, the writer of the customs chamber in WSCHOWA [see Sulkowski];
and Stanislaw's brother Józef Kiedrzynski - heirs
{Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?;
FLORIAN [see below: Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759];
PAWEL;
Stanislaw and
Jozef were brothers and they were the sons of MARCIN Kiedrzynski
(a daughter of named Marcin:
"Bona z Karsów" / BONA of Karsy, nee Kiedrzynska - the village Karsy, the Lódz Voivodeship at present, close to Kobiele, 14 km south-east of Radomsko and south of Kodrab, north-east of Czestochowa);
Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700;
KAZIMIERZ Kiedrzynski was a brother to named MARCIN ca 1700-1788.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1720 / 1730, was probably a cousin to named MARCIN b. ca 1700-1788}.

Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, ? - 1774, married Marjanna nee Zamoyska.
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Kiedrzynski, was the son of Marcin Kiedrzynski [MARCIN was born ca 1700 - died in 1788], and named Stanislaw Kostka was born ca 1730 / 1739, married to Marjanna nee Zamoyska [b. ca 1723 / 1730]. Stanislaw died in 1773 / 1774 or after 1775.

Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian - and JAN KIEDRZYNSKI.
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755, daughter of Józef Raczynski {JOZEF was the son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska} and Brygida nee Breza {BRYGIDA was the daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA b. 1680 d. 1749}.
Franciszka Józefata Raczynska / Franciszka Maria Raczynska was born ca 1755
[Franciszka born 1751 or ca 1755, was daughter of Józef Raczynski and Brygida BREZA / Brigitta Breza, ca 1720 - 1775, daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738. BRYGIDA was the sister of MICHAL Breza b. 1718].

Lukasz Kiedrzynski with 2nd wife Franciszka nee Raczynska had daughter Wiktoria and sons:
Ksawery,
Józef,
Kazimierz, and
Feliks / Felix.

Husband of above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski was Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 [see below].

Ignacy Kiedrzynski
[b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:
in 1764 in Wielgomlyny, Ignacy Kiedrzynski of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zablocka 1 voto Swiecicka, widow.

Mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1720, was probably a cousin to named MARCIN senior, b. ca 1700-1788.

Marcin Kiedrzynski senior was the uncle of above Ignacy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 and to Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720.

Mentione above Marcin b. ca 1700, and Kazimierz Kiedrzynski [Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska] were the brothers [maybe Jan Kiedrzynski, born ca 1710, who married to Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski, was next brother ?!].

IGNACY b. ca 1730, acc. to my research, was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was Marcin Kiedrzynski senior, b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska.
Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Brothers of Marcin Kiedrzynski junior {and maybe half-brothers}

(Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1735 - the branch come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. ca 1675 - owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county):

A. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski the 3rd, b. ca 1735, in 1775 court case vs Anna [JULIANNA] about Kurow (see Walewski; close to Wola Pszczolecka; see Malkiewicz!) close to Wielun; in 1786 and 1788 in Kalisz.
The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz who helped to this family. Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna {? above Julianna of KUROW} were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Above Józef MADALINSKI, Captain in 1809 m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

B. Jan Kiedrzynski b. ?
(others with the first name Jan: Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 and Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province).
Jan born ca 1710 married to above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski. Jan Kiedrzynski had the Ostoja coat of arms, b. ca 1710 [1710/1720]. His son - Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767, from hands of his mother. Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755, daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski.

C. Andrzej Kiedrzynski (senior) - b. ca 1720, owner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko [see Izydor Kiedrzynski and his son - Gabriel / Gabryel Kiedrzynski].
See:
Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680, the brother (?) of Adam Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province. ADAM KIEDRZYNSKI married 1st to Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1685 - d. before 1724. Her sister: Jadwiga Myszkowska m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze.
Adam-Stefan Kiedrzynski / Adam Stefan Kiedrzynski / Adam Kiedrzynski was born ca 1660 / 1670 [not in 1680], died ca 1723, married 2nd time to Eleonora Rozdrazewska / Rozdrazewski b. ca 1683.

Eleonora Rozdrazewska was a daughter of - ? - Jan Franciszek Rozdrazewski b. 1650 and Filipina Heister; Adam Stefan had the son Mikolaj Kiedrzynski - inf. 1740. Eleonora's brother was Franciszek 1690-1744, m. Miaskowska with a son JAKUB, and a daughter WERONIKA of Gogolew, born ca 1715.
Karol Rozdrazewski was the brother of above Franciszek b. 1690.
Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski b. ca 1621, d. 1662 in KOZMIN - at half way from KROTOSZYN to Jarocin, and north-west of Rozdrazew, 6 km. His father was Jan (1595-1628) of Odolanow, and Gryzelda Sobieski; the grandfather Jan Rozdrazewski ca 1543 - 1600; great-grandfather Hieronim Rozdrazewski and Anna Lukowska.
Jan b. ca 1543 was closest friend of LESZCZYNSKI, and m. 1st to Barbara Rachenberk; 2nd to Katarzyna Potulicki - she died in KOZMIN - with son Jan officiel in Odolanow, and 2 daughters: Anna m. in 1603 to Waclaw Leszczynski, and Barbara married Jan Kostka of Lipno.
Katarzyna (d. 1613) bought in 1601 the Kozmin estate, and 1603 m. 2nd to Ludwik Weiher / WEJHER of Prussia.
Named Jakub Hieronim Rozdrazewski m. 1st with son Jan Franciszek (born 1650, official in Miedzyrzecc and Odolanow, d. 1685); married 2nd with sons: Stanislaw (of Odolanow), Michal (of Sroda and Odolanow) and Adam, and daughters: Ludwika Teresa OBORSKA, and Zofia Anna m. in 1670 to Aleksander Jan Wezyk.

Eleonora Rozdrazewska was 1 voto to Adam Kiedrzynski, but 2 voto Stanislaw Ryt; inf. of 1739 about her brother. We know about Sulmierzyce in 1739, a inventory of the estate Szulmierzyce, for Pagowski - here since 1669; Sulmierzyce belonged to Odolanow [13 km to west; Sulmierzyce was situated on the border of Silesia, Austria and Prussia; south-east to KROTOSZYN], owned by Rozdrazewski; with Graniowice farm.

Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior, b. ca 1675, had brothers or cousins:
Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1670 / 1680,
Mikolaj 2nd Kiedrzynski b. ca ? - inf. 1704,
and the last Andrzej Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 in the Kalisz province.
And Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, son of Zofia Lubienska 1640 - 1692, daughter of Wojciech Lubienski [see KALINOWA !] d. 1653, and Teofila Górska, d. 1668; he was living in Galonki.
Elzbieta Myszkowska m. before 1692 to Adam Kiedrzynski.
Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1675, d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, but in 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska was widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski; Eleonora was then wife of Jan Relo or STANISLAW RYT.
We have different data:
Adam-Stefan Kiedrzynski was husband of Eleonora Rozdrazewska b. ca 1683, with son Mikolaj - inf. 1740. Eleonora Rozdrazewska was 1 voto m. to Adam Kiedrzynski, but 2 voto Stanislaw Ryt; inf. of 1739 about her brother.
Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 was brother (?) of above Adam; inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.
Jakob Kiedrzynski 1st senior b. ca 1675, owner of Dymki, close to Lututow [see Suliszewice !] since 1698, 1709 inf. in Wielun, was son of Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 1st, b. ca 1650 - inf. 1704 in the Sieradz province.

In 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska, the widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski, married 2nd to Jan Relo [see above].

Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720, was probably son of above JAN Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680.

Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1720, was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska,
and was the father of:

1. KACPER Kiedrzynski b. ca 1750

[Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (junior) born ca 1770, was son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish.
When Andrzej Kiedrzynski was died before / in 1855, his estates and properties - Suliszewice [north-west of BLASZKI], and Mikolajewszczyna, with Suliszewice Jarki, and Koldów [west of Kalinowa - see below], were divided between heirs in 1856 in Kalisz. Suliszewice and Koldów are situated close to Blaszki; Suliszewice, 2 km west of Koldow;
Koldow is west of Kalinowa, and north of Blaszki.
{Who was JAKUB Kiedrzynski (b. ca 1770)? Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis)}.
Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski.
She was daughter of Joachim Kreski b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, and she had mother Justyna Magnuska b. 1749 and died 1817 in Grebanin];

2. DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750, died in 1784.

Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763;
his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787;
his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744.

Dorota KIEDRZYNSKA-GRABINSKA {1740/1750-1784} m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died {after 1770 !} ca 1807;
Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786.

Antoni PSARSKI born in 1770, was the son of Tomasz.
Antoni Psarski was the owner of Gawlowice and m. 1st Franciszka Stanislawska, with children:
1. Tekla 1799-1801,
2. Tekla 2nd, b. 1803, d. 1806 in Wierzchy;
3. Józef Rafal Psarski b. 1800 in Osmolin.
Above Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son named above Antoni Psarski born in 1770.

Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Psarski MIKOLAJ d. ca 1769, owner of Zielonczyn, m. Teresa Skrzynska, with:
1. Ewa m. Joachim Psarski,
2. above Tomasz PSARSKI, died ca 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska since 1786, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, she was 1st married to Wawrzyniec Grabinski.

Tomasz Psarski married 2nd to Franciszka Rupniewska - she died 1826, daughter of Dominik and Eleonora Szolowska; children of Tomasz PSARSKI:
a) Cyprian d. 1816, lived in Wólka Dzierlinska, owner of this estate in 1804;
b) Anna d. 1824, m. Ignacy Keszycki lived in Zalesie, 2nd time she married to Jan Korwin Kossakowski lieutenant of the French Guard;
c) Marianna PSARSKA born 1819, owner of Wola Dzierlinska, married Mikolaj Sulimierski son of Michal SULIMIERSKI and Jadwiga Jaroszewska;
d) Antoni Psarski [see above] owner of Gawlowice m. Franciszka Stanislawska.

Wola Dzierlinska - 4 km north-west of Sieradz, at way to Blaszki.

GRABINSKI STEFAN m. 2 voto Konstancja Lubiatowska, daughter of Wojciech Feliks LUBIATOWSKI and Katarzyna Helena Gadkowski, with son
Wawrzyniec m. Dorota Ostoja Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI and Franciszka Jackowska, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski owner of Dzierlinsko, 3 voto Kajetan Madalinski.

Kajetan MADALINSKI, inf. 1772 about his wife Dorota Kiedrzynska, daughter of Andrzej and Franciszka Jackowska, widow after WAWRZYNIEC GRABINSKI or Bartlomiej Grabienski and Tomasz Psarski; Kajetan Madalinski was owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow, Strzegow, Zielecin; Kajetan d. 1781 / 1784; Dorota d. 1777 / 1784,
all children born in Strzegow:
Wawrzyniec Józef Kajetan Antoni, 1774;
Hiacynt Jakub, 1775;
Michal Stanislaw Kostka, 1776;
Anna, 1768 - 1772;
Julianna, b. 1775;
Waleria Józefa, 1778.
Closest relatives Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz helped to this family.
Józef MADALINSKI b. 1774, Jakub Madalinski born 1775, and Julianna born in 1775, were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786.
Above Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Above Józef MADALINSKI b. 1774, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis);
above named Jakub Madalinski m. Honorata Psarska.

3.
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena born in 1762, she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828 [the family of the author].

4.
Jan Marcin BOGDANSKI died in 1809, married in ca 1764 to Marianna Ostoja Kiedrzynska d. 1785, daughter of above named Andrzej Kiedrzynski and his wife Franciszka Jackowska,
with children:
Marianna 1768-1848 m. in 1784, Piotr Franciszek Tomasz Kiedrowski;
Petronela m. Roch Ruszkowski;
Florian d. 1851 - owner of Jankow / Jankowo.

Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis). JOZEF was son of Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771.
Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son Anastazy, and daughters:
Marianna Arcichowska in 1779 married to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !];
Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski; Michalina; Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.
Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817,
m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784,
with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821, and with daughter
Monika Arcichowski, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.
Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

D.
IGNACY Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730, acc. to my research, was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720.


Who was the father of above named:
Ignacy;
Andrzej senior born 1720;
Jan;
Marcin Kiedrzynski junior,
and Jakub the 3rd ??

Maybe Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam Kiedrzynski - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province.
ADAM - see below!
Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1685 - d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1680].
Her sister: Jadwiga Myszkowska m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze; 1689 - 1692, Stefan Golychowski / Golyglowski lease village Kurow in the Wielun county, next of kin to Franciszka Antonina Trzcinska b. 1693, Trzcinica; 1692 named Kurow lease Michal Myszkowski of Dabrowa. Her brothers married to Fundament - Karsnicki.
In 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski, married 2nd to Jan Relo.

Maybe Kazimierz Kiedrzynski who married Katarzyna Swierczkowska [Kazimierz was the brother of Marcin b. ca 1700. Swierczkowski come from Kobylczyce, 20 km east of Czestochowa];
or Jan Kiedrzynski, born ca 1710, who married to Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski.

Krzysztof Tyburcy Zlotnicki b. ca 1625, son of Tyburcy Zlotnicki + Katarzyna Bojanowska, was the brother of Barbara Zlotnicka married to Wojciech Kiedrzynski owner Gostyczyna;
Gostyczyna - close to Nowe Skalmierzyce, 3 km to the Prosna river; 10 km south of KALISZ and ca 30 km north of BOBROWNIKI by the Prosna river.


Note to Franciszka Jackowska -

Psarski MIKOLAJ d. ca 1769, owner of Zielonczyn, m. Teresa Skrzynska, with:
1. Ewa m. Joachim Psarski,
2. Tomasz died ca 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska since 1786, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, she was 1st married to Wawrzyniec Grabinski; Andrzej 2nd m. to Franciszka Rupniewska d. 1826, daughter of Dominik and Eleonora Szolowska,
with:
a. Cyprian died 1816, Wola / Wólka Dzierlinska;
b. Marianna owner of Wola Dzierlinska, m. Mikolaj Sulimierski from Zalesie, son of Michal. Wola Dzierlinska - 4 km north-west of Sieradz, at way to Blaszki.


Note to the PSARSKI family:

Saul ben Jakub, 1807-?, banker, came from a poor Jewish family from Wieruszow [see Madalinski and Kiedrzynski].
In 1825 he converted to Catholicism and married a daughter of a banker and industrialist named above Maurice Koniar; since 1825 he ran a lottery; he was a co-agent of the Polish government, a supplier of raw materials to the government, and in 1849-1862 he was a lottery agent in the Kingdom of Poland.
JAKUB was a descendant of the francists and Adam Wolowski, director of the mint, since 1855, was his business associate.

Above Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint;
that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
his children:
1. Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik WOLOWSKI, 1829-1895 + Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875; with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel Wolowski, 1856-1900 m. 1st Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891, 2nd to Pss Stefania Woroniecka 1860-1925.
Her great-grandparents:
DUKE Andrzej Woroniecki; Pawel Gostomski 1760-1825; Hieronim Zielinski of NUR;
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski 1766-1851;
Magdalena Gruszecka; Aniela Szydlowska; Teresa Ciemniewska;
Lucja Czekulin, 1775-1863.
See:
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) m. Lucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863).
He was the son of Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska, lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun).
Grandson of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691 [Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biala 14 km north-west of Wielun], died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow]; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700
[his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch.
Remember about Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka / SIELNICKA / Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. This is Kunow / Kunowo, 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis. See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn; Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo; Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County];
his son Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun.

Compare - Kiedrzynski near Wielun, WORONIECKI and genealogy of Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI !

Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730 [1740 ?] - 1764 daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691-1772 and Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1700; Marianna m. to Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733, d. 1784 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch; they had son Maksymilian Olszowski b. ca 1760 / 1763, d. 1814 in Wólka Krzykowska in the Chorzecin parish + Magdalena Górecka b. ca 1760, with children:
Tomasz Ksawery;
Szymon Jakub OLSZOWSKI 1798-1882 + Agnieszka Gurbska b. ca 1810-1860 [with daughter Julia Emilia Magdalena Olszowska born 1827 + Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski {Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski born ca 1821, son of Antoni Dunin-Brzezinski, 1780-1848 and Karolina Leszczynska 1782-1874}];
Jan Chrzciciel b. 1802 {the same generation like Mikolaj Kaczynski b. 1767}.
Daughter of above Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski was Jadwiga Dunin-Brzezinska b. ca 1860 married Stanislaw Jasiewicz with son Aleksander Jasiewicz m. Stefania Szydlowska; and granddaughter Jadwiga Jasiewicz b. 1926.

2. Felicja Zofia Wolowska 1832-1906 + Count Bronislaw Juliusz Edmund Lasocki, judge in Mlawa, 1828-1912;
3. Stanislaw Wolowski 1834-1892 + Maria Rawicz 1840-1922.

Mentioned Adam Ernest Wolowski born ca 1798 was the son of Adam Zachariasz Wolowski, 1770 - before 1833, who was married in 1795, Warszawa, to Teresa Zalewska, 1777 - 1855;
they had daughter Emilia Teofila Zalewska (born Wolowska), and the son Adam Ernest WOLOWSKI, 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska 1796-1863.

See - Adam Alfons Wolowski, 1799 - 1861 - Warszawa, parents: Ludwik WOLOWSKI, b. ca 1764 - died in 1832 in Warsaw, and Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. ca 1771 - d. 1837 - Warszawa.
Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. 1770/1771, was the daughter of Józef LANCKORONSKI and Klara.
LUDWIK WOLOWSKI m. in 1786, Warszawa.


Unknown Kosciuszko was father of Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko - born in 1821 in Suwalki, died 1917, husband of Jeanette Marx [nothing to do with Karl] and father of Louis Kosciuszko b. 1857, and the grandfather of Jacques Achille Kosciusko b. 1913 in Paris, died 1994 in Paris.
Above Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko / Abraham Salomon Koscziuszko, b. 1821 in Suwalki, died 1917, a merchant from SUWALKI, arrived to PARIS ca 1850.
Above named Louis Koscziuszko / LUDWIK KOSCIUSZKO was the brother of Estelle Fontaine.
Above unknown Kosciuszko maybe was born ca 1785, son of Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki and Marija SIECHNOWIECKI;
brother of Rachela Aniela Broel-Plater
[Rachela Aniela Broel-Plater - Kosciuszko Siechnowiecka, 1784 - 1860 in Saukenai, the daughter of Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki and Marija Burniewicz; wife of Tadeusz Broel-Plater; mother of Adam Michal Broel-Plater; Michal; Lucjan Stanislaw; Ferdynand; Aleksandra; Fabian Antoni Ignacy Broel-Plater Count; Tadeusz August Jan; Antoni Konstanty Broel-Plater; Rachela Broel-Plater and Anna Czudowska. Above Tadeusz Broel-Plater b. 1780, died 1822, son of Adam Tadeusz Broel-Plater, Count, and Maria Zofia ZABIELLO];
Aleksander Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki and
Jozef Kosciuszko.

Above Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki, 1743 - 1789 in Wisznica, son of Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko - Siechnowiecki and Tekla Kosciuszko Siechnowiecka. Husband of Maria and Marija.
Brother of Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka;
Katarzyna Zólkowska;
GENERAL Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko
and Stanislaw Kosciuszko Siechnowiecki.
Above
Jeanette Marx b. 1828 [maybe born in 1835 in Lorraine, France, and married 2nd in 1858. Her second - ? - husband was born in 1828 !], wife [in ca 1855 1st time ?!] of Abraham Salomon Koscziuszko, and mother of Louis Koscziuszko born 1857 [maybe 1856; see below] and Estelle Fontaine.
Sister of Leon Marx ?
Acc. to me she was the mother of LEON {first name} and wife of {surname} LEON
[Jeanette Jennie MARX or Jennie MARKS, 1835-1886, married after 1857 to Marx Joseph LEON 1828-1885 with Leon Leon, ca 1858-ca 1858; and Harriett / Hattie LEON, ca 1859-ca 1932 {married on 29 October 1878 to Oscar I. FRANK, 1850-ca 1940}; and 5 more children born ca 1860 to 1869]!

JACQUES Kosciusko Morizet, 1913-1994, son of Charles Kosciuszko [Charles Kosciuszko born in 1882, d. 1951] and Diane Milliaud, married to Marianne Morizet. Named above Jacques Kosciusko-Morizet (1913-1994), born Jacques Koscziusko, uses the name of his wife, born Marianne Morizet (daughter of André Morizet); a French politician (mayor of Saint-Nom-la-Bretčche), university professor and former ambassador to the United States (1972 to 1977 !!). Marianne Morizet (1913/1914-2001), was the daughter of André Morizet (1876-1942), French politician, mayor of Boulogne-Billancourt and senator of the Seine.
Named above Marianne Morizet 1914-2001 had sons:
Franēois Kosciusko Morizet / Franēois Kosciusko-Morizet (1940-2015), born Franēois Koscziusko, French politician, mayor of Sčvres, and
Jacques "Antoine" Kosciusko-Morizet, who was director at Credit Lyonnais, and who is the author of La Mafia Polytechnicienne and another book, written in collaboration with Jean Peyrelevade: La Mort du dollar.

Above Charles Kosciuszko born in 1882, d. 1951, was the son of Louis Kosciuszko b. 1857 [see above] and Marthe Weiler b. 1860.
Above Louis Kosciuszko born in 1857 was the son of Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko b. 1821 in SUWALKI - 1917, and named Janette Marx born in 1828 [maybe in 1835? Her second husband was born in 1828 !].
Above Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko, 1821-1917 - his grandparents: Jozef Kosciuszko, 1743-1789 and Burniewicz, and his great-grandparents: Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko, 1700-1758, and Tekla Ratomska, 1715-1768;
parents: unknown by name Kosciuszko and unknown Jewish woman from the region of Suwalki.

The Kosciusko-Morizet family is a French family of Polish and French origin. The oldest ascendants come from
Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko (1821-1917), a Jewish merchant born in Suwalki, in the part of Poland then under Russian administration, very close to the present Lithuanian border and arrived in France ca 1850, and his wife, Janette Marx, from a Jewish family in Lorraine.
Koscziusko spelling is the result of an erroneous transcription into the French civil status in the nineteenth century of the original Polish name - correct spelling is Kosciuszko - for the son of Abraham Kosciuszko, Louis Koscziusko (b. on 6 July 1857), Professor, father of LOUIS / Leon Koscziusko, and Charles Koscziusko (born 1882) - father of Jacques Kosciusko-Morizet.
Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet, represents the right wing party, in Nicolas Sarkozy's government was minister of the environment. Her distant ancestor was Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko (he lived in 1821-1917), born in Suwalki (then under Russian rule). He was a merchant by profession, he came to France in the times of the Monarchy of July. She has another interesting ancestor - her mother Benedice Treuille is a distant descendant of the famous Borghia Lucrezia.
On the paternal side, Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko (1821-1917) arrived from Poland under Louis-Philippe (Jean-Louis Beaucarnot, Le Tout politique, L'Archipel, 2011, p. 157). He was Jewish origin, and knowing that his wife's name was Jeannette Marx, it may be supposed that her son Louis was also a Jew. The paternal grandfather of Nathalie, above Jacques Kosciusko, father of Franēois Kosciusko-Morizet, was the son of Charles b. 1882, himself son of Louis b. 1857.

We known on Henry Charles MARKS, 1828 - 1907, born to Joseph MARX and Jeanette MARX (born HANNA MENDEL HESSE).
Joseph was born in 1795, in Forbach, Moselle, Lorraine, France. Jeanette was born in 1796, in Puttelange-aux-Lacs, Moselle, Lorraine, France. Henry had 7 siblings: Cayae (Catherine) MOYSE (born MARX), Klymann Lipman MARKS and 5 other siblings.
Brother of another JEANETTE MARKS:
Cahiem (Henry Charles) Marks b. 1828 in Forbach, LORRAINE, France, d. 1907 in Cincinnati, OH, USA. Son of Joseph Marx and Hanna.
Brother of Caye Marx; Klymann Lipman Marks; and Jeanette Marks.
Above Jeanette Jennie Leon (Marks) b. 1835 in Cincinnati, OH [or in LORRAINE in 1828 ??], and died in Cincinnati, OH.
Cahiem (Henry Charles) Marks b. 1828 in FORBACH, d. 1907 in Cincinnati, USA. His father Joseph MARX, born 12 November 1795 - Forbach, Lorraine, France, married in 1824, Forbach, Lorraine, France, to Hanna Mendel HESSE, born 1795 or in 1796 - Puttelange, Lorraine, France [another source: Henry Charles MARKS, 1828 - 1907, born to Joseph MARX and Jeanette MARX (born MENDEL HESSE)]. See below more on JOSEPH b. 1795.

And another source of data:
Marx Joseph Leon b. 1828 in Forbach, Lorraine, France, was husband of mentioned Jeanette Marks, and father of Leon Leon; Harriett Leon; Carrie Leon; Charles Marx Leon; Emma Heldman.
Named above Joseph MARX born 1795, lived and born in Forbach, Lorraine, France.
Married in 1824, Forbach, Lorraine, France, to Hanna Mendel HESSE.
Children of above JOSEPH:
1. Caye Catherine MARX 1825;
2. Klymann Lipman Marks 1826-1891 married to Pauline GODCHEAUX-LEVI;
3. Cahiem Henry Charles Marks 1828-1907;
4. Intle MARX 1830;
5. Sarah Catherine MARKS 1832-1901;
6. Mendel Emanuel Marks 1834-1901;
7. Jeanette Jennie Jennie MARKS, 1835-1886 married about 1857 to Marx Joseph LEON 1828-1885 with Leon Leon ca 1858; Harriett Hattie LEON ca 1859.


Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, son of Franciszek Brzezinski and Filipina Szymanowska; Brzezinski Kazimierz, died on 28.12.1876. Named Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, b. 1800 - Warszawa, died in 1886 - Warszawa; her husband - Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski, officer of 1831 Uprising, b. 1794, d. 1846.
Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, married two times: 2nd time {ca 1865 ?} with sons:
1. 1867-1944 [but we know about TADEUSZ BRZEZINSKI who was the father of Zbigniew Brzezinski. Diplomat, Tadeusz Brzezinski, was the son of Kazimierz Brzezinski junior born in 1866 in Zólkiew, who was a son of Kazimierz Brzezinski senior {1824-1876} and Zuzanna Mayer].
2. Stanislaw Jan Nepomucen Brzezinski, 1871-1950 + Eugenia Eleonora Emanuela Lacka, 1882-1953, with a son Stanislaw Bronislaw Franciszek Brzezinski, 1903-1972.

Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, married 1st time {in ca 1848}, to Walentyna Suchorzewska 1831-1924 daughter of Franciszek Tadeusz Józef Suchorzewski and Ludwika Zakrzewska, 1809-1857, with daughter Kazimiera Brzezinska b. 1849, m. Jan Cielecki, 1840-1871; 2nd to Franciszek Klemens Józef Gorczycki. Next of kin to Kazimiera Bernatowicz b. 1910.

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law).
Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins: Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer; Józef Szymanowski died in 1832.
Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.
Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.
Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [Kazimierz Brzezinski, senior, born in 1824, son of Franciszek Brzezinski and Filipina Szymanowska; Brzezinski Kazimierz, died on 28.12.1876 - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

Who was the President of the National Government (in rebellion) since 10 Apr 1864 - to Apr 1865, Bronislaw Brzezinski - died 1865 [born ca 1825/1835 ??]?
Bronislaw Brzezinski was the last representative of the National Government in the January Uprising.
Before 1863 he was an official of the Government Revenue and Treasury Commission in Warsaw. In June 1863, during the reign of Charles Majewski, he became a referent and controller of the counts: Warsaw, Rawa and Lowicz. He was in opposition to Romuald Traugutt, and in December 1863 he formed a revolutionary circle; after Traugutta's arrest, he received the remaining government seals and on April 20, 1864 he created a new authority, until October of that year. With the help of Aleksander Waszkowski, appointed Jan Kurzyna a plenipotentiary of the government outside the borders of the Russia; then BRONISLAW fled to France where he died.
The Revolutionary Committee (a chair was Bronislaw Brzezinski) counter Traugutt's orders.
Kurzyna / Kurzyna-Pelszewski, Jan, born 1835, Warsaw, d. on 2 July 1865, Zurich, activist of secret youth circles; in Warsaw, 1859 repressed, fled abroad; on the emigration, he was the Secretary of Mieroslawski and his agent to contacts with the country; 1864 representative of the Government; he died in a duel with A. Guttre / Guttry. Kurzyna-Pelszewski Jan, in Brussels planned to resume armed combat in the spring of 1865. But in January 1865, after a long break, they began to get back to Warsaw, and saw the police provocation of Trepow; but many of his collaborators, including Bosak, Guttry and Kotkowski, took this action seriously. In Neuhausen near Schaffhausen, Kurzyna was wounded and died on July 2, 1865 in a hospital in Zurich. Among his books we found works of Egyptian hieroglyphic and rune writing.



Tadeusz Lubienski and Maria Popiel - I compare with Komorowski - Kalinowski:

The first owner of
Guzów (moved home from Szczytniki) was in the late eighteenth century Lubienski Felix de Valois (1758-1848), later Minister of Justice of the Duchy of Warsaw.
The only son of Felix de Valois and Teresa Belinsky was Francis Xavier Lubienski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow) who had two sons:
Kazimierz born in 1801 (mother Anna Milkowska) and
Seweryn was born 1811 or born in 1812 (the mother Paulina Potocki).
Francis X. Lubienski died at the age of 42;
Seweryn with the family moved to the property of the Potocki (Milanow) on the north border of the Lublin province, close to Radzyn Podlaski; Seweryn grew up at the court in Jablon at the property of his aunt Emma Potocki Strzyzowski. Count Seweryn Potocki in 1810 to convey the estate of Jablon to oldest daughter Emme / Emma, she married in 1810 to a Polish Army Colonel Piotr / Peter Strzyzowski; Piotr Strzyzowski was a participant in the Napoleonic campaigns, he settled in Jablon with spouse Emma.
In 1836 Seweryn Lubienski (1811-1855) married Amelia Jezierska (1813-1885) and had 4 daughters and 5 sons:
Witold LUBIENSKI b. 1841 was grew up under uncle Piotr Strzyzowski, then bought Zasow / Zassow estate in ca 1870; Strzyzowskich Piotr, d. 1855; Emma d. 1856 - assume ownership of Jablon to Amelia Jezierski Lubienski, widow of Seweryn, nephew of Strzyzowski. The next thirty years Jablon was property of the Lubienskis. Amelia was formed in Jablon and around five schools in rural areas. During the January Uprising 1863 the palaces in Jablon and Kolano
[Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow]
were the center of conspiracy and assistance to insurgents - Kazimierz Lubienski [1843-1908] who was Amelia Lubienski's son was forced to leave the property. Threatened with deportation to Siberia, Amelia Jezierska Lubienska changed home to a more civilized manor of the eldest son Witold / Vytautas LUBIENSKI - in Zassow / Zasow / Zasowo in AUSTRIA.

Michal Lubienski (1896-1967), was the Head of Cabinet of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Second Polish Republic - Joseph Beck. Copyright by Stanislaw Cichon, 2011.
Above Zasów in 1855 was located in the Tarnow county; 1876 Zasów village received city rights, which had lost in 1914. In 1879 (1870 ?), after the death of Henry / HENRYK Ankiewicz, Zasów becomes the property of Witold Lubienski; who derived from the Sieradz province.
Witold Lubienski and his son TADEUSZ LUBIENSKI / Thaddeus in Zasowo formed the Farmers Cooperative of Agriculture and Commerce.

Tadeusz Lubienski married Maria Popiel with five sons:
Witold Tadeusz,
Alfred,
Konstanty Lubienski / Constantine and
two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth.
Witold was killed during the Polish-Bolshevik war in retreat from Kiev in 1920.
His son Tadeusz junior fought in the September campaign of 1939.
Mentioned above
Tadeusz Lubienski 1872 - 1942, was the son of Witold Józef Lubienski
[1841 - 1892, son of Seweryn Lubienski
{Seweryn Lubienski 1812 - 1855 in Venice, son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski
(1784 - 1826, was the son of Count Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski
[born in 1758 in Skala / Kraków, d. 1848 in Guzów, close to Zyrardów, son of Celestyn Lubienski and Paula Oginska]
and Tekla Teresa Katarzyna BIELINSKA)
and Paulina POTOCKI}
and Amelia GOLABEK-JEZIERSKA]
and Elzbieta Teresa Józefa Dzierzykraj - MORAWSKA.

Above Maria Lubienska nee Chosciak-Popiel, 1879 - 1944, was the daughter of Konstanty Chosciak-Popiel
[Konstanty Popiel b. 1841 was the son of Waclaw Popiel
{Waclaw Popiel 1812 - 1897, was the son of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Popiel
(1774 - died 1847, son of Pawel Popiel and Konstancja Magdalena KOMOROWSKI daughter of PIOTR KOMOROWSKI
[Piotr Komorowski died 1747, son of
Jan Komorowski and Katarzyna Konstancja Sulimierska, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila GLUZICKA.
PIOTR was the husband of Anna KUMANIECKI])
and Zofia BADENI !}
and Ewelina nee LUBIENSKI !]
and Maria JANUSZKIEWICZ.

See:
Popiel (Chosciak Popiel) Józef, 1848-1880, a journalist, a courier between the country and the Vatican. Born in Chocimow (close to Opatow), was the son of LUDWIK POPIEL / Louis (1813-1856), a soldier of the November Uprising (honored with the Silver Cross of Military Virtue), the owner of Chocimow, and Apolonia Aleksandrowicz (her mother was the sister of late Cardinal Mieczyslaw Ledochowski);
JOZEF was the nephew of Paul and Vincent; he grew up with his uncle Vaclav / WACLAW;
studied in Piotrkow, and graduated in Warsaw. He studied law at Warsaw Central School, then at the University of St. Petersburg. 1870-4 he visited also in exile in Novgorod, his uncle Vincent (then bishop of Plock). As a journalist wrote on the opening of the Suez Canal (December 1869) and Letters from Sicily (1871-2).
Above LUDWIK POPIEL:
was the son of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Chosciak-Popiel, 1774-1847, and named above Zofia Badeni, 1790-1859.

Zofia BADENI was the granddaughter of Barbara Tyzenhauz b. 1730 and Tadeusz Aleksander Wawrzecki b. ca 1730.
BARBARA TYZENHAUZ WAWRZECKA was next of kin to Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and to Antoni Kazimierz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski, the General, 1723-1778.

See below on the KALINOWSKI family + the KOMOROWSKI family:

Franciszek Komorowski Count, 1723- died in 1800 in Szirwyty or Szenta, come from Teresa Oziemblowski [see PILSUDSKI and Terlecki] and Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758.

Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska in Galicia
[he was son of Ludwika Grabinska and Jozef Jablonowski of Galicia, who married 1st Tekla Strutynska, 2nd to Ludwika Grabinska daughter of Jozef Grabinski official in Smolensk],
married to Lucya Glogowska daughter of Franciszek Glogowski Grzymala and Jozefa Kalinowska
[Jozefa KALINOWSKA was 2nd m. to Jan Karol baron de Wrazny SADLO].
Jozefa Kalinowska was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski of Lelow, owner of Kamionka, Suchary and Dziatkowice + Justyna Borzecka {above Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Glogowski; Jozefa was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720}.
Above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska, had 2 sons: Ludwik Grzymala Jablonowski, m. HORTENSJA / Hortenzya Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski
{Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790 + Hortensja Karsnicka.
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska had above named son Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790.
Seweryn Ksawery was brother of Józefa Kalinowska + Jan Sadel Sadlo + Glogowski;
and of Antonina Kalinowska + Ludwik Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka);
Seweryn Ksawery was son of Ignacy Kalinowski + Justyna Borzecka, and grandson of Józef Jan Kalinowski b. ca 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckoronska b. ca 1660}.

Hortensja [nee Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski] was daughter of Antoni Karsnicki.
The 2nd son of above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski was Stanislaw Jozef Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski owner of Rawa Ruska, m. Jozefa Bakawska daughter of
Jan Wincenty Count Bakowski and Kunegunda KOMOROWSKA Css
[above Jozefa Bakawska had sister Henryka + Roman KARNICKI; and brother Ferdynand Bakowski m. Antonina Komorowska Css with the Korczak coat of arms].

Ferdynand Jaksa-Bakowski 1800-1853 was son of above Jan Wincenty Jaksa-Bakowski 1770-1828 and Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770;
above Ferdynand BAKOWSKI m. ca 1830 to Antonina Józefa Komorowska 1812-1891,
daughter of Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski 1769-1826 and Konstancja Kunegunda Siestrzanek-Karnicka b. 1787.

Above Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Józef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno / SUSZNO, was son of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of
Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1670, and grandson of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from
Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski who had son
Jan Komorowski d. 1719, and
grandsons -
Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski [Stefan was father of Barbara Zofia Dambska and Jan Komorowski];
Adam Ignacy Komorowski [-];
Ignacy Komorowski [with son Józef Joachim Komorowski ca 1735 - 1800] and
Piotr Komorowski
[father of Konstancja Magdalena Popiel and Michal Komorowski with son Cyprian Kajetan Komorowski b. 1776, d. 1858 in L'viv].


The WHITE underground movement before the 1863 JANUARY UPRISING:

There is a mass various circles among Polish in St. Petersburg, Kiev and Warsaw. The origins of these coincidentally occurred on the date of arrival in Poland (1860) of one of the secretaries to Jakob / JACOB Cremieux
[JAKOB was the son of Saul Haim Cremieux / Crémieu, who was the son of Mardochée Crémieux and Esther; SAUL was a husband of Sarah Carcassone],
who was at the time organizing the Alliance Israelite Universelle.
This courier was a French lawyer and journalist, Armand Lévy (1827 - 1891), an anti-clericalist, a freemason, a socialist; he was "born in a Roman Catholic family, but with a Jewish grand-father, he was passionate about the Jewish cause. He fought alongside his illustrious friends, such as Adam Mickiewicz [Mickiewicz's stay on the Bosporus], Ion Bratianu and Camillo Cavour, for the independence of Poland and Romania, and for the unification of Italy" by Wikipedia; he propagated the social upheaval in Russia.

Karol Majewski, secretary of Leopold Kronenberg, was among the first of them. He was a very influential personality in conspiratorial circles; in 1860, Majewski had the most influence among the students.

Maksymilian Unszlicht, a member of the academic committee (consisting of three persons), was also attended by Edward Jurgens, the son of a Jewess, who ran all the youth circles and associations that was set up in Warsaw.

Named Karol Konstanty Majewski (born in Denkowo close to Opatow in 1833 roku, d. 1897), a chairman of the National Government of the January Uprising 1863. He came from a family with the Jewish roots; his brother was Wladyslaw Majewski [see below] - the Commissioner of National Government in 1863 and second brother - lawyer, Wincenty Majewski (1807-1888); a student at the Academy of Medicine and Surgery in Warsaw in 1860; he was the organizer of the Academic Committee. In 1862 he became a member of the White Country Rural Directorate. Arrested, in 1866 sent to Siberia, returned in 1880.

Named the Rural Governance / White Country Rural Directorate - a body coordinating the activities of the White Party, formed in January 1862, existed until March 1863. Members of the Rural Directorate were among others: Wladyslaw Zamoyski, Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg, Karol Ruprecht, Karol Majewski, Edward Jürgens, Tytus Wojciechowski, Aleksander Kurtz, Adam Goltz [Adam Goltz, 1817 in Sieniawa - d. in 1888, son of Jan and Katarzyna Czempinska], and Tadeusz Eydziatowicz [landowners, representatives of bank financiers and urban intelligentsia associated with the movement of "Millenerzy"].
Millenerzy - a group of Warsaw intellectuals in 1858-1861 with Edward Jürgens, efforts to grant autonomy to the Kingdom of Poland, demanded political rights for peasants.
Edward Jürgens (born 1824 in Plock, died 1863 in Warsaw) is a Polish independence activist; the leader of the liberal Warsaw bourgeoisie. He came from a family of the Jewish roots (mother). The son of a carpenter Henry (Heinrich) from Holstein and Anna Kryger, a widow. In 1843 graduated from Plock High School. Since 1847 under police supervision. 1852 graduated at the university in Dorpat and settled in Warsaw. In 1857 titular councilor.

Note at margin: Wladyslaw Majewski (1830 - 1897) - Polish politician, independence activist, commissioner of the National Government of 1863. He came from a family of Jewish origin.
Son of Jozef Majewski and Agata Niegodzinska.
His brother was Karol Majewski, chairman of the National Government in the January Uprising of 1863.
AGATA'S genealogy:
Magdalena Myszka de Laurentis / Myszka vel Mesczynska (1761 in Kunów - died in 1817, Kunów) married Jan Kubicki (1760 - 1811 in Kunów), son of Stanislaw Kubicki and Jadwiga Pakulska; her children:
Agnieszka Kubicka b. 1786 in Kunów; Anna; Jadwiga Kubicka m. Wincenty Jaroszewski; Anna Kubicka second,
Kazimierz Kubicki (b. 1795 Kunów) 1st m. Marianna Hagen,
2nd married before 1829 to Eleonora Majewska d. 1890 in Seredzice close to Ilza, daughter of Józef Majewski and mentioned Agata Niezgodzinska (Niegodzinska) b. ca 1785 in Janików, died in 1856, Warszawa.
Children of ELEONORA:
Jan Kubicki (1829, Ruda), and Karol Kubicki (1835 in Kunów - d. 1899 in Krasnosielc) m. in 1862, Parzymiechy, close to Klobuck, to Berta Maria Hellmann b. in Gruenberg, Prussia; with children in Parzymiechy, and Stanislaw Józef Kubicki in Patrykozy, close to Kozuchówek.
Geographic data to Agata Niegodzinska:
Byszewy south of SKOSZEWY; west-north-west of BRZEZINY [see Roman - Brzezinska LEONIA !].
Agata Niezgodzinska (Niegodzinska) b. 1785 Janików, close to Opatow and Ozarów.
Denków - part of Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski.
Kunów - close to above Ostrowiec and Nietulisko, by the Kamienna river.
Seredzice - close to Ilza.
Patrykozy, in the Kozuchówek parish, south-east of SOKOLOW PODLASKI.

We back to movement of Leopold Kronenberg, who collaborated very closely with the Agricultural Society
[the Agricultural Society issued in March 1861 several statements like social and political manifesto, for which it was dissolved. A group of Warsaw intelligentsia and the bourgeoisie demanded deeper reforms in the liberal spirit; leading role was played by one of the richest men in Poland at that time, banker Leopold Kronenberg. Representatives saw the possibility of further socio-economic development of the country also through the equalization of rights of Jews. Agricultural Society - an organization in the Kingdom of Poland in Nov. 1857 / 1858-1861],
together with Karol Majewski, Jurgens, Aleksander Kurtz.
Leopold Kronenberg was the great friend of Enoch
[Enoch Juliusz / Julian Kazimierz Mamert, in 1847 - 1850 the Judge of the Civil Court of the Province of Warsaw; since 1858 Prosecutor; since 1860 the Prosecutor of the Warsaw Senate Departments. Born 1822 - d. 1880, Secretary of State, secret adviser, senator, politician]
and Wladyslaw Zamoyski.
Thanks to Karol Majewski, two landowners: Kolaczkowski and Siemienski, formed an organization joined the younger generation of landowners; co-operated in 1860, with the Hotel Lambert - among others with Ludwik Wolowski SECOND, Leon Kaplinski and Juljan Klaczko.


Maurycy Koniar, son of Jakub, originally called Moryc Kohn,
concluded in 1840 a contract for the supply of raw materials to the government industrial plants, and in June 1841 he assured the Bank of Poland to the construction of industrial plants in Nietulisko. MAURYCY rented lotteries of the Kingdom of Poland (1849-1862).
Adam Wolowski, the director of the Warsaw mint, was granted a loan to above company, and he secured him a loan;
in 1856, KONIAR / KOHN concluded with the Polish Bank contracts for iron from Ostrowiec and Irena. In 1861-1863 he was the chairman of the Accounting Commission to the Warsaw Railway; acted in the sugar plants and refineries of Hermanów and Lyszkowice. He owned Gradowa, Lisice, Seroki near Lowicz, and Szymanow in the Sochaczew area, purchased in 1844. At the end of 1864, he officially declared bankruptcy and disappeared from Warsaw.

Saul ben Jakub, 1807-?, banker, came from a poor Jewish family from Wieruszow [see Madalinski and Kiedrzynski].
In 1825 he converted to Catholicism and married a daughter of a banker and industrialist named above Maurice Koniar; since 1825 he ran a lottery; he was a co-agent of the Polish government, a supplier of raw materials to the government, and in 1849-1862 he was a lottery agent in the Kingdom of Poland.
JAKUB was a descendant of the francists and mentioned Adam Wolowski, director of the mint, since 1855, was his business associate;
in 1835 JAKUB was granted nobility. In 1864 he declared bankruptcy. His further fate is unknown.

Above Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint;
that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
his children:
1. Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik WOLOWSKI, 1829-1895 + Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875; with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel Wolowski, 1856-1900 m. 1st Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891, 2nd to Pss Stefania Woroniecka 1860-1925

[her great-grandparents: DUKE Andrzej Woroniecki; Pawel Gostomski 1760-1825; Hieronim Zielinski of NUR; Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski 1766-1851; Magdalena Gruszecka; Aniela Szydlowska; Teresa Ciemniewska;
Lucja Czekulin, 1775-1863 - see
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) m. Lucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863).
He was the son of Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun).
Grandson of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691.
Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biala 14 km north-west of Wielun], died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow]; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700 [his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch];
his son Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun).

See - WORONIECKI and genealogy of Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI !
2. Felicja Zofia Wolowska 1832-1906 + Count Bronislaw Juliusz Edmund Lasocki, judge in Mlawa, 1828-1912;
3. Stanislaw Wolowski 1834-1892 + Maria Rawicz 1840-1922.

Adam Ernest Wolowski born ca 1798 was the son of Adam Zachariasz Wolowski, 1770 - before 1833, who was married in 1795, Warszawa, to Teresa Zalewska, 1777 - 1855;
they had daughter Emilia Teofila Zalewska (born Wolowska), and the son Adam Ernest WOLOWSKI, 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska 1796-1863.

See - Adam Alfons Wolowski, 1799 - 1861 - Warszawa, parents: Ludwik, b. ca 1764 - died in 1832 in Warsaw, and Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. ca 1771 - d. 1837 - Warszawa. Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. 1770/1771, was the daughter of Józef LANCKORONSKI and Klara. LUDWIK WOLOWSKI m. in 1786, Warszawa.


Kronenberg - Wolowski - Szymanowski: a political vision of the future of Poland by the eyes of the great Jews patriots.

Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval / Leon Ladislaus Löwenstein / Lenval Jean Ladislas Loewenstein, baron de, by 'Dictionnaire historique et biographique du comte de Nice', was the brother of Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein de Lenval, baron, son of Jakub and Dorota Kronenberg. Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka / Enna-Tiresa Timieniecka, died in 2014 come from the barons Loewenstein de Lenval. Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval was industrialist and philanthropist.
He was the third son among five children of a wealthy Jewish merchant Jacob Loewenstein and Dorothy Kronenberg, older sister of Leopold Kronenberg; after graduating in 1855 of the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry at Marymont in Warsaw, he worked as administrator of property of Kronenberg in Brzezie in the area of Wloclawek. 1857 - went to Calvinism. 1882 lived mainly in Brussels and Nice.

Note on the Kronenberg family and BRZEZIE close to Wloclawek:

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK [see Lipno and Plock !], close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski.

BRZEZIE was the land property of Józef Dambski, b. ca 1810, son of Józef Walenty Dambski b. 1777 and Marcjanna Marianna Leszczynska born 1785. Jozef Dambski's great-grandparents:
Tomasz Dambski of Inowroclaw, 1690-1748;
Lukasz Madalinski of Kowal, b. 1700;
Andrzej Leszczynski of Rawa Mazowiecka b. 1700;
Franciszek Kazimierz Lanckoronski of Brzezie and of Rawa Mazowiecka, 1723-1785;
Marianna Kolczynska b. 1690; Ewa Estko b. 1740 [see KOSCIUSZKO]; Bazylea Woyczynska 1720-1751; and Eleonora Garczynska 1722-1802.

Please remember on Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 (60s of the 19 cent. emigrated ?? to Austrian Galicia), married before 1865 to Zuzanna Mayer [born ca 1840 / 1845 ?]; they were living in Zolkiew. Zbigniew Brzezinski come from named Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr.

Marianna Agata Wolowska that is Maria Szymanowska married Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811-61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins Celina SZYMANOWSKA (1812-55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812-40), who became an engineer.
Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer.
Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski
[Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 m. Ewa Mecinska, and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski].

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski, next the property to the Kronenbergs [with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo].
1873 - new palace; Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and Brzezie taken his children: Stanislaw Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887), then Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937); 1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg; the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg. Above Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg b. 1812, d. 1878 in Nice, was the Polish banker, investor and financier of Jewish origin, one of the leaders before the January Uprising 1863. He came from a wealthy family of Jewish rabbis. His father was Samuel Eleazar Kronenberg (1773-1826) led the banking activities in Warsaw. Mother Tekla Levi (1775-1848).

Above Baron Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein (b. 1833, d. 1895) - Polish entrepreneur and manufacturer of Jewish origin. He was born as the son of James and above named Dorothy Kronenberg (sister of Leopold). He was the brother of Leon. He was a co-founder and co-owner of plants Lilpop, Rau and Loewenstein in Warsaw. 1884 baron of the Saxon-Coburg-Gotha Duchy under Ernest II Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha.
Baron Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval married Maria Helena Kronenberg (1853-1895, daughter of Henryk Andrzej Kronenberg),
with children: Leon Mieczyslaw (b. 1872) and Maria Katarzyna Dorota (b. 1873, m. Count Izydor Colonna-Czosnowski).

Wladyslaw Józef Ludwik Wolowski that is Ludwik Wolowski, Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland [with Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873]; he lived in Chamsk, close to Biezun [north-east], the Mlawa county [32 km south-west to Mlawa and west of PRZASNYSZ];
b. ca 1829, died in 1895 in Warszawa, son of Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 and Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
he married in 1851, Warszawa, to Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875,
his family - Adam Franciszek Gabriel WOLOWSKI, 1856-1900 + Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891.

Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 - parents Adam WOLOWSKI 1770-1833, and Teresa Zalewska;

Józefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875: her father was Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873 [Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland in 1861; lived in ZBIKOW close to BLONIE];
her half-brother was Waclaw Cyryl Jakub 1821-1886 who married Michalina Naimska, 1833-1918.

Jakub Szymanowski, 1797 - 1873, was the son of Franciszek Szymanowski and Agata Wolowska;
Franciszek was born in 1750, in Warszawa; Agata was born in 1760, in Warszawa.
Jakub had sister Filipina Teofila Brzezinska (born Szymanowska).
Jakub married Anna Zawadzka, born in 1790, with 3 children: Waclaw Cyryl Jakub Szymanowski and 2 other;
Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married 2nd to Karolina Wolowska, born in 1809, in Pustynia, Galicja, Austria,
with one daughter Józefa Teofila Wolowska (born Szymanowska).



Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774 [Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki], died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

He was son of Kajetan Madalinski, 1740-1784 [see below !] and Dorota Kiedrzynska / DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born in 1740 or 1750 - 1784.
Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763;
his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787; his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744;
Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died ca 1807;
Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Note:
Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów / Borowo, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo; son of Józef [1710 - 1755; Jozef was son of Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska] and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775.

Porów - that is Borowo / Borowo-MLYN, north-east of Poznan, at half way from Poznan to GNIEZNO; north of Kostrzyn i the Great Poland; west of POBIEDZISKA.

Above Józef Madalinski b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski!

Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768. His father was above mentioned Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno, includes: Bojanice, Bojanickie Huby, Borzatew / Wilhelmsau, Florentynowo, Karniszew / Karniszewo close to Klecko, Kobylica, Maczniki, Male Swiatniki, Mieleszyn north-east of Klecko, Przysieka, Sokolnickie Huby, Sokolniki), married to Barbara Gutowski, owner of Gola - 5 km west of Gostyn and close to the Sulkowskis estates, in 1745-1746 owner of Babin - 6 km north of Slupca and east of Wrzesnia; Chrostowo - 1754, d. 1755. Barbara m. 2nd in 1765 to Jakub Krzyzanowski.

Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of above Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary 1802, Zatopolice close to Radom, Przybyszew / Przybyszewo, Lubania and Porów; burned in Przybyszewo, but his heart in Lubania. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto - see Kiedrzynski! Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica! He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sulkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow. Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczynskis land, then in 1791 to Mielzynski. Antoni Madalinski after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.

Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska d. 1762:
Bonawentura [b. 1680 ??] died 1762; he was the son of Kazimierz Madalinski (1660 ??-1731 of NUR {son of Samuel Madalinski (1630 ??-1673) and Katarzyna Milaszewska}) and Zofia Wypyska (?-1731).
KONSTANCJA had 3 sons:
Józef Madalinski (-1755) [Józef Madalinski b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian];
Andrzej Madalinski (-1766);
Wojciech Madalinski (-1778).

Note to above
Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784: he was the son of Aleksander MADALINSKI, 1690-1773, owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, who married in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowska.
Above mentioned Kajetan MADALINSKI 1740 - d. ca 1784, landlord of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. before 1773 to Dorota Kiedrzynska (1740-1784) daughter of Andrzej and Franciszka nee Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski (b. ca 1730) son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski, (1740-1770 ?) (b. 1807 ??), owner of Wola Dzierlinska;
with children:
1. Jakub Madalinski 1775 - 1833 m. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 with daughter Pulcheria Anna Magdalena Madalinska m. to Józef Julian Kazimierz Kolumna-Walewski b. 1787;
2. mentioned Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn, and Chodaki m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski, d. 1809, with Kunegunda before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki.

Madalinski Aleksander owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska; Aleksander Madalinski [born ca 1690 - died before 1773] owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, was from BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; he married in 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - 1721. They had one son Aleksander Madalinski b. ca 1690.

Antoni Madalinski with the Larysza coat of arms of Bobrowniki nad Prosna - 20 km north of WIERUSZOW - was the owner of the estate;
the land was in hands of the Wierzbietas, 1365 - 1640; Madalinski, 1640 - ca 1800; Belina, ca 1730 - 1910; Chrzanowski, 1864 - 1945:
Piotr Wierzbieta married Anna Domiechowska, in 1640 he sold Bobrowniki, Kolebki and Mieleszówka to Aleksander Madalinski; but in 1497 Stanislaw Madalinski with a brother Mikolaj inherited Torzyniec (Torzeniec), they were sons of Piotr MADALINSKI.
Torzeniec - 17 km south-east of OSTRZESZOW - north of WIERUSZOW; 9 km south of above BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA river.

Piotr MADALINSKI bought Niedzielsko.
Mentioned Aleksander Madalinski, son of Jan Aleksander and Niechmierowska, was an official of the royal court in 1636, in Wielun in 1652.
His son was Andrzej MADALINSKI of BOBROWNIKI, m. Marianna Grabianka, and he taken from Marcin Borzyslawski and Stanislaw Borzyslawski, in 1685, village Zarzecze and Debicza in the Ostrzeszow county.
His successors were the sons:
Andrzej [see below] and Franciszek [Bobrowniki, Hanobry, Kolebki];
Franciszek married twice: Petronela Doruchowska, then in 1728 to Julianna Zajdlicz. He died in 1738;
his son Ignacy (1707 - 1777), died in Bobrowniki; in 1777 his brother JAN MADALINSKI inherited Bobrowniki, and he was also the guardian of the children of his cousin Kajetan MADALINSKI.
In Bobrowniki also lived sister of above Jan and Ignacy - Teresa. She died on January 4th, 1787 in KOLEBKI;
Jan's daughter, Katarzyna, on February 11, 1792, married in Bobrowniki to Ignacy Rominski;
in 1792 the son of JAN, that is Kazimierz was mentioned.
Named above Andrzej MADALINSKI was mentioned as a heir to Bobrowniki in 1741. His wife was Katarzyna Gaszynska. Their daughter, Anna Madalinska, married Maciej Belina, and since then, Bobrownik has been part of the Belina's family property.

It is unlikely that General Antoni Madalinski was born in Bobrowniki. First of all, in the records of the Doruchów parish there is no baptismal act of the General. His parents lived in the Gniezno area, and near to Sroda Wlkp, Srem, Gostyn; Brother of Antoni, that is Feliks born 1741, was baptised in Brodnica close to Srem; sister Gabriela b. 1745, and brother Leon born in 1746, come from Babin in the Bagrowo parish near to Sroda Wlkp; we can, however, say that the Madalinski family, from which the general was born, was related to the Madalinskis of Bobrowniki. The seven generations earlier (late 16th century) was Antoni Madalinski, married Anna Galewska and they had two sons: Sebastian (the line of the general) and ALEKSANDER, the beginning of the line in Bobrowniki.

We can say that the only top officer of the Madalinskis, born in Bobrowniki, was Captain Józef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, born in 1774, died in 1809.
His father - Kajetan Madalinski, was the cousin of Ignacy and Jan Madalinski of Bobrowniki.
Kajetan Madalinski died in 1784, and left Józef, aged 10 years, under care of above Jan Madalinski.

Michal Nieniewski (1728 in Starokrzepice - d. after 1766), officiel in Wielun [the Godfather was Dziebowski / Dzieboski, officiel in Krzepice, writer, with Katarzyna Dzieboska, his wife], in 1762 bought Urbanice close to Wielun; m. 1756 in Bobrowniki by Prosna, to Aniela Bylina b. ca 1735 - d. after 1766, daughter of Maciej Bylina (1700 - 1747), officiel in Wizna !; and Anna Madalinska daughter of Andrzej MADALINSKI, officiel in Wielun, landowner in Bobrowniki, landlord-manager in Czarnobyl of Sapiecha, and his wife Katarzyna nee Gaszynska.

In 1808 the part of Bobrowniki had a new owner. It was Florian Szelicki, who married Marianna Kossecka, the sister of the last Madalinski's wife at Bobrowniki - Wojciech Madalinski. In 1810 Bobrowniki rented Ignacy Boblewski, and from 1817 to 1821 Wojciech Nowicki. In 1821 - 1830, Stanislaw Bleszynski, the proxy / procurator of the part of the village BOBROWNIKI.
Brief on the CICHOWICZ family:
CICHOWICZ of Zydaczow had sons: Marcin d. 1833 m. Malgorzata Wieczorkiewicz; and
Antoni owner of Danków close Czestochowa, officer in Zloczew, m. in 1828 to Józefa Bleszynska daughter of above Stanislaw Bleszynski and Konstancja Wezyk
[?? - she b. ca 1750; the daughter of Józef Wezyk of Konary Sieradzkie, 1710-1771 and Helena Jordan b. 1730. Konstancja was married in 1777 to Pawel Skorzewski 1744-1819].

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740. Mentioned above Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka. The genealogy of above Ignacy Bleszynski [Ignacy Bleszynski of Luszowice, close to Koscielec]: Ignacy Bleszynski born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan.

Helena Nieniewska b. ca 1796, m. in 1816, Osjaków, to Wojciech Madalinski (1772 - 1824 in Debina, the Osjaków parish), owner of Osjaków, Nowa Wies, Debina, Felinów, son of Jan Madalinski, owner of named Bobrowniki, grandson of Franciszek Madalinski and his 2nd wife Julianna Zajdlic, daughter of Florian and Barbara Eleonora Herman; Wojciech Madalinski was the son of Anna Botkowska.

In 1864, Bobrowniki bought Julian Józef Chrzanowski ex-owner of Olszowa close to Kepno; then Walerian Chrzanowski (1834 -1891) - his son.


Józef Stanislaw Radolinski born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuly County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza
{Antonina Maria Breza Radolinska / Maria Antoinette von Radolin-Radolinska, 1771 - d. 1845 in Poznan + Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian von Alcantara Ignatz Breza, 1752 or born in 1754 in Chorostki, Volhynia - 1847 in Jankowice, son of Michal Breza, 1718-1771 in Chorostki, and grandson of Jan Dominik Breza, ca 1681-1738 - see below !}
and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer (1761 - 1826; see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Zdzislaw Godfryd Redel b. 1839 was the son of Wanda Narcyza Albina Zmichowska (b. ca 1816 in Rawicz), daughter of Jan Zmichowski and Wiktoria Kiedrzynska.

Wiktoria died in 1819; Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska was daughter of Lukasz Kiedrzynski

{Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. See: Franciszek Ksawery Psarski died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1710; his son Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski), with 10 children.
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska - and Brygida nee Breza - daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA b. 1680 d. 1749.
Daughter of Lukasz Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska, was Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska - she was born ca 1775, studied in Poznan, translator of French philosophers, was near by to sister of her mother - Tekla Zmichowska nee Raczynski and her husband Józef}

and Franciszka Józefata Raczynska / Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755
[Franciszka born 1751 or ca 1755, was daughter of Józef Raczynski and Brygida BREZA / Brigitta Breza, ca 1720 - 1775, daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738.
BRYGIDA was the sister of MICHAL Breza b. 1718].

Lukasz Kiedrzynski with 2nd wife Franciszka nee Raczynska had daughter Wiktoria and sons: Ksawery, Józef, Kazimierz, and Feliks / Felix.
Husband of above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski was Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710.
Three sons of LUKASZ and FRANCISZKA studied at the University of Halle and Jena; all 4 sons fought under Napoleon; above Ksawery Kiedrzynski was lawyer and solicitor in Warsaw, owner of Oltarzew close to Warsaw; Ksawery died ca 1828; his brother Józef Teofil Jan Ewangelista Kiedrzynski m. Maria Skojewska, with children: Maria and Jan Kiedrzynski; Józef was owner of Mezenin close to Zambrow. Kazimierz Kiedrzynski married widowed Ksawery's wife - was friend of the Czartoryskis of Konskowola; then moved home to CRACOW.

Next of kin to named LUKASZ KIEDRZYNSKI born ca 1740:
1. Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 5th, b. ca 1735, from Koszkowo close to Noskowo and Kunowo;
2. Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska;
brothers of FLORIAN:
Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?;
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski ? - 1774;
Pawel Kiedrzynski;
Józef Kiedrzynski;
sister "Bona z Karsów" / BONA of Karsy, nee Kiedrzynska -
the village Karsy, the Lódz Voivodeship at present, close to Kobiele, 14 km south-east of Radomsko and south of Kodrab, north-east of Czestochowa.

Presumably Teresa and Ludwika Sielnicka are sisters. Stefan Sielnicki b. ca 1680, had two children born ca 1710 / 1720; this is a branch of STRZELECKI Pawel Edmund (1797 - 1873), Redel and Rostworowski. Lukasz Kiedrzynski in 1767 bought from his mother Ludwika nee Sielnicki / Sitnicki / Sielinski (b. ca 1710 / 1720), the Kunowo estate. Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772 in Myslniew, the Ostrzeszów County, son of Aleksander Psarski and Marianna; husband of Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1710.


A note to JOZEF SOLTYK:

Jadwiga Maria Walewska was the daughter of Karol Walewski and Maria Radolinska [see below !]; Jadwiga had the daughter Henryka or Henrietta b. in Berlin in 1852 m. Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza b. 1844.

Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza b. 1844 was the son of Fryderyk August Breza b. 1808 in DREZNO;
FRYDERYK'S grandparents were:
named Michal Breza of Lubaczów, 1718-1771 - see above !, Ewa Zurawska 1720-1794, Józef Stanislaw Radolinski of Wschowa, 1730-1781 and Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792

{Katarzyna Radolinska Raczynska, 1744 / 1748-1792, was the daughter of Leon Raczynski 1698-1750 (son of MICHAL KAZIMIERZ RACZYNSKI 1650-1737 in POZNAN, grandson of Zygmunt Raczynski who died 1662), and Wirydiana Mielzynska.
But above mentioned Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 (or Franciszka Józefata Kiedrzynska nee Raczynska, b. 1751, wife of Lukasz Kiedrzynski, mother of Wiktoria Zmichowska; sister of Anna Strzelecka; Zuzanna Raczynska; Franciszek Wojciech Raczynski; Katarzyna Rynarzewska; Helena Raczynska and Krystyna Lisiecka) was the daughter of Józef Raczynski b. ca 1720 - son of Stanislaw Raczynski b. ca 1680/1700 and Zofia nee Grodzynska - and Brygida nee Breza, b. ca 1720 - d. ca 1775}.

Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza married 2nd time to Helena Soltyk 1857-1947 {her great-grandfather was Józef Soltyk 1750-1803 who was the brother to Maciej Kajetan SOLTYK, Crown secretary, Senator and Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw}.

Above named Maria Radolinska b. 1795 m. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski [see: Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie, Krzeslow with Wola Pszczolecka, Kurow - Kiedrzynski; and Kurówka bought in 1818.

Maria Januszkiewicz / Maria Anna Januszkiewicz Slonecka b. ca 1740 / 1755 or 1760 was the daughter of Henryk Januszkiewicz b. ca 1710 / 1720 and Anna Bialynska. Maria Anna married Jan Lanckoronski 1740 / 1746- 1791, Count in 1782; she had daughter
Anna Lanckoronska 1778 / 1780 - 1853, and son
Antoni Lanckoronski b. in Lanckorona in 1777, d. Paryz 1850, Count in the Polish Kingdom, 1824; orderly officer on the staff of Napoleon I, m. Ewa Mecinska daughter of Adam Mecinski and Aniela Stadnicka.

Antoni Lanckoronski had son Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech LANCKORONSKI b. Mianocice close to Ksiaz Wielki in 1816, m. in Berlin in 1850 to Jadwiga Maria Walewska daughter of Karol Walewski and Maria Radolinska [Maria Radolinska b. 1795];
with daughter Henryka or Henrietta nee LANCKORONSKA b. in Berlin in 1852 who m. above
Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza b. 1844

[1st married in 1875, Drezno, to Css Henryka Lanckoronska 1852-1880, daughter of Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski 1816-1897 + Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857);
2nd married in 1888, Kraków, to Helena Soltyk 1857-1947, daughter of Marceli Soltyk 1816-1896 + Zofia Budziszewska].

And again back to
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, owner of Kunow, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski [son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska] and Brygida nee Breza [daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA b. 1680 d. 1749].

Katarzyna BREZA KIERSKA was mother of:
mentioned Michal Breza
(Michal Breza of Lubaczów, 1718-1771 [see above] was father of Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian von Alcantara Ignatz Breza born 1752/1754, and Ewa Woynarowski),

and Brygida Raczynska (see above).

Note to Ignacy Kiedrzynski / Ignacy Kiedrzynski

[b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730. Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:
in 1764 in Wielgomlyny, Ignacy Kiedrzynski of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zablocka 1 voto Swiecicka, widow.

Marcin Kiedrzynski senior was the uncle of above Ignacy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 and to Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720.

Mentione above Marcin b. ca 1700, and Kazimierz Kiedrzynski were the brothers.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was
Marcin Kiedrzynski senior, b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska. Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Brothers of Marcin Kiedrzynski junior
(Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1735 - the branch come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. ca 1675 - owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county):

1. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski the 3rd, b. ca 1735, in 1775 court with Anna [JULIANNA] about Kurow (see Walewski; close to Wola Pszczolecka; see Malkiewicz!) close to Wielun; in 1786 and 1788 in Kalisz.
The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz who helped to this family.
Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786.
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Above Józef MADALINSKI, Captain in 1809 m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

2. Jan Kiedrzynski b. ?
(others with the first name Jan: Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 and Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province).
Jan married to above Ludwika Sielnicka / Sitnicka or Sielinski.
Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 [1710/1720].
His son - Lukasz Kiedrzynski married 1st time to Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767, from hands of his mother.
Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski.

3.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (senior) - b. ca 1720 / 1730, owner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko [see Izydor Kiedrzynski and his son - Gabriel / Gabryel Kiedrzynski].


Jezewice, close to Tarczyn, and Piaseczno, south-west of Warsaw, belonged to Dominik Krysinski (1785 - 1853 in Warsaw), Polish scientist and economist, Freemason, a representative of the Polish liberal mainstream.
It is known that he came from a family of Jews, like later known economist, Ludwik Wolowski. After graduating at high school in Warsaw, Krysinski went to study in Germany and in Paris; returning to Warsaw began to participate in the creation of the Faculty of Law and Administration at Warsaw University. He was the first professor of political economy at the university. In 1819 he bought Jezewice. 1818, Dominik Krysinski was a MP of the Kingdom of Poland. He married in Warsaw, on January 31, 1813, Eleonora Józefowicz born in Nadwórna in 1793, south of Stanislawow, died in Warsaw on 30 June 1877, the daughter of Michal Józefowicz. His witnesses were the two future generals Jan and Ksawery Krysinski, his brothers.
They had four children:
Zygmunt (1814-1888), famous Warsaw lawyer, who married in 1845 to Celina (or Cecylia) Wolowska (1826-1845);
Michal Franciszek (born in 1815);
Felicja Henryka (born 1820), who married Jan Michal Szymanowski (1790-?), son of Michal Szymanowski and Ewa Zielinska;
Ksawery Jan Teodor (born 1825), who married Amelia Maria Wolowska (1832-?), daughter of Franciszek Wolowski and Justyna Julianna Niesiolowska;
KSAWERY'S daughter was poet Maria Anastazja Wincentyna Krysinska (1857 in Warsaw - died in PARIS, 1908) / Marie Anastasie, in Paris studied harmony and composition at the Conservatoire Music, became the active member of the literary circles of the Hydropaths, the Zutists, the "Hirsutes" and the "Jemenfoutistes".

Above Michal Józefowicz b. ca 1760, d. 1815 - Warszawa.

DOMINIK after the uprising was removed from any political offices, and research positions; tsarist government confiscated his property; Krysinski died in obscurity on April 17, 1853.

Jezewice were - at the beginning of the nineteenth century - the property of Zychlinski. After his death, his successor was Teodor Zychlinski (geologist and journalist, author and publisher). 1819, bought it Dominik Krysinski, one of the most prominent Polish economists of that time, Member of Parliament in 1818 and in 1831, a professor at the Warsaw School of Administration and Law and a lecturer at the University of Warsaw.


The family of Aleksander Wincenty Chosciak-Popiel b. 1780

[married Ludwika Piotrowska daughter of Jan PIOTROWSKI; with daughter Olimpia Józefa Chosciak-Popiel b. 1815 in MLODYN, the RADOM county, 27 km north-west of Radom + in 1837, in Slomczyn 28 km south to WARSAW, to Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski, 1805-1868,
with children:
1. Anastazy Wiktor ORLOWSKI, junior, b. 1845, m. Michalina Maria Ewa Zgliczynska b. 1845

{her grandmother - Marianna Romer b. 1790. Michalina's great-grandmother was Magdalena Soltyk b. ca 1750, daughter of Maciej Soltyk, 1720-1780. Soltyk Maciej was the son of Józef Franciszek SOLTYK and Konstancja Drzewicka; MACIEJ was the brother of Tomasz of LECZYCA and Bishop Kajetan SOLTYK (see the KALINOWSKI family - more below!). MACIEJ was the owner of Krysk in the Czersk county, and Majdan in the Braclaw county. KRYSK is situated close to Naruszewo, owned by Nakwaski, 17th cent. to Soltyk, then to Malowieski and Karczewski; 10 km south of PLONSK};
2.
Leontyna Orlowska b. 1843 + Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830

{LEONTYNA'S children:
1.
Leon Wlodzimierz Roman, 1865-1936 + Janina Wladyslawa Malwina Pelka
(LEON'S son - Tadeusz Roman, 1894-1977. Remember!
Leonia ROMAN BRZEZINSKI died in 1985; she was married to Tadeusz Brzezinski.
LEONIA BRZEZINSKI, the mother of Zbigniew Brzezinski, was the next of kin to Andrzej Roman, well-known journalist in Warsaw; Andrzej was the son of above Tadeusz ROMAN - the brother of Leonia nee ROMAN, ZYLINSKA, BRZEZINSKA. Leonia Brzezinska 1st married Zylinska, was the daughter of mentioned Leon Roman with the coat of arms Slepowron. Named above Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW.
His parents:
Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830 and Leontyna Orlowska born in 1843.
Parents of above LEONTYNA:
Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski, 1805-1868 and Olimpia Józefa Chosciak-Popiel b. 1815)
2. Jadwiga Maria Roman b. 1869}]:

he was the son of Józef Chosciak-Popiel born ca 1740 / 1750

[son of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel 1710-1796
{son of Szymon Chosciak-Popiel b. 1670 and Ludwina TULKOWSKA}
and Anna Korwin-Krasinska b. in 1716
{Anna KRASINSKA was the daughter of Teresa Elzbieta Soltyk 1685-1728. Teresa SOLTYK was married 4 times; Teresa's brother (Michal Aleksander SOLTYK, 1680-1735, married to Józefa Makowiecka) had son General Maciej Soltyk b. 1718 or born in 1720 - died in 1780 ? / 1802 in CHELMNO. Maciej Soltyk married 3 times: 2nd in 1752 to Anna nee Dembinska (d. 1789), daughter of Antoni and Teresa Lipska; Anna's 1st husband died - Stanislaw Lanckoronski (STANISLAW LANCKORONSKI d. 1747; married two times: Franciszka Bidzinska div. in 1733, and 2nd time to Anna Dembinska in 1740, daughter of Antoni; in 1739, Anna DEMBINSKA - LANCKORONSKA - SOLTYK owned Kurozweki and Kotuszow).
Maciej Soltyk married 3rd to Kunegunda nee Koszowska of Kurozweki}],

and Józefa Kochanowska.

Note to above SOLTYK + KALINOWSKI:

Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720

[Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan)],
had children:
1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,
2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / Olszowski [see President Lech Kaczynski],
3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki.

Above Józef Soltyk b. ca 1750, died in 1803, came from Mikita (Mikolaj) Soltyk.
His grandfather - Józef Franciszek Soltyk d. 1735, and
father - Maciej Soltyk d. 1780.
Józef Soltyk d. 1803, was brother of Maciej Kajetan, and of Stanislaw SOLTYK - senator and Marshal of the Parliament of the Warsaw Duchy.

4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Glogowski
[this is the genealogical connection to the Komorowski family and this means that also to the President Bronislaw Komorowski - see my data on liaisons of Lithuanian and Galician branches of this count's family - also see: Wola Pszczólecka, Mielzynski, Kalinowski and Oginski - von Ronne and Bilewicz from Zmudz / Samaites],

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 / 1764 + Ludwik Walewski [see Kiedrzynski, Fiszer {+ Kosciuszko and Jefferson}, Wola Pszczolecka {see Kiedrzynski}].

Antoniona b. ca 1750 / 1760 had 3 sons (Karol Franciszek Walewski) and daughter. See: Wola Pszczolecka, Kiedrzynski, Sulimierski, Oginski, Trubecki. Ludwik Walewski bought Parzymiechy in 1794 from Poninski.

Ludwik Mikolaj Walewski / Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 m. 2nd in 1794 to Antonina Kalinowska.
His father Wojciech Walewski born ca 1715, d. 1757, landlord of Pstrekonie
[the grandfather - Stanislaw Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz (see: Wola Pszczolecka, the Zaliwski movement, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski), owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna / Swierzyny, Gronów; m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd in 1708, to Krystyna Rychlowska daughter of Stanislaw, owner of Podlezyce, Rzechta; his parents Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski) and his first wife Anna Gostynska],
m. in 1740, Teresa Laszowska.

The brother of above WOJCIECH Walewski:
Karol WALEWSKI, d. ca 1757 owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Galecka daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska - she was the 2 voto Jan Radolinski
(Brygida Galecka was the daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska. Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds"; was the sister of King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Ludwika married in 1745 Jan Jakub Zamoyski, by whom she had an only daughter).

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida [see above !] or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka;
Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Petronela died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813) [see Kiedrzynski], son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska
[see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski].
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825.

Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791.
Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810
[daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687 (acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki)].

Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 that is MARIA / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804);
Marianna Maria Lubomirska 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824).

MARIA / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski; 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814).
Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska [Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 that is the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin, with daughter Maria 1829-1906, and son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}].

Children of count Jozef Kalinowski:
Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852,
Jozefina married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844
and also
Olga born 1822 died 7 April 1899 in Retow
(her son - Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district in Lithuania now / Zmudz, owner of Retow and Zalesie that is Retowo or Rietavas, 25 km from Plungian; RIETAVAS was property in 1775 of Ksawery Oginski. In 1863 here died Ireneusz Oginski and in 1892 the first telephones in Lithuania).
Probably M. Kalinowska (Maria / Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!

Above countess Olga born 1818 or 1822 was married in 1844 to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863, and her son was above Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski who was born in 1848 or in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 married after to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.

Above Ireneusz Oginski, duke, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow / RIETAVAS and Zalesie.

Bogdan Oginski died on 25. 03. 1909.

2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and

3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. in 1784 or ca 1790 / 1795, d. 1831 or before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka, 1800-1881, owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki born in 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów - d. 1844, owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow, who was son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska [Salomea ?].
Hortensja Karsnicka had 3 husbands:
1st m. to Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. 1784 / 1795 - died 1831 / before 1846; Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, was owner of Bialokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karsnicka daughter of Antoni Karsnicki [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea (?) who was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Glogowska b. 1780;
2nd m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska [see above Julia],
3rd m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Son of above Hortensja:
Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska.


Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski b. 1794, died in 1846 in Warsaw, officer of the November Uprising in 1831, was the son of MICHAL Brzezinski born ca 1740, d. 1817 or died in 1822 - Warsaw

[Michal Brzezinski, d. 1817 / January 1822, was the son of Feliks Brzezinski b. ca 1720 ?;
husband of Rozalia Wolanska d. 1825;
father of Jan Brzezinski b. 1785 / 1782, d. 1867 + Katarzyna Szymanowska, b. 1781 / 1772, d. 1853, the daughter of Michal Szymanowski and ELZBIETA Józefowicz.
JAN had children:
Antonina Tatarkiewicz, died in 1897; her son Franciszek Ksawery Tatarkiewicz, 1848 / 1854 - 1903, solicitor, father of Wladyslaw Tatarkiewicz, b. 1886 in Warszawa, died in 1980, historian. Antonina Brzezinska married to Jakub Tatarkiewicz;
Franciszek Ksawery Tatarkiewicz was next of kin to Andrzej Brzezinski, lawyer, and Józef Brzezinski.

JAN was the brother of
1. Jadwiga Józefowicz born in Warsaw in 1771 / 1772, died 1843, married Michal Józefowicz.
2. Andrzej Brzezinski born in Warsaw in 1783 {+ Barbara Lanckoronska, 2nd + Józefa Marianna Stepowska born in 1811}, and
3. Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski],

and Rozalia Wolanska, ca 1752 / 1773 - 1825.

Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married above Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 ! - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.



The Roman family from the Przasnysz county and the neighboring surrounding area:
Krzynowloga, Janowiec Koscielny in south Prussia; Szemplino Czarne - close to Janowo - west of Chorzele, in south Prussia; others places: Lysaków Drugi [+ Dolega - Zakrzewski family];
affinities with Maria Konopnicka, and with President Ignacy Moscicki, who come from the Lysakowo parish [Mierzanow, Klice, Lekowo, Lysakowo - 20 km west of PRZASNYSZ - in 1868];
Zmijewo-Kuce, 18 km south-east of MLAWA, and west of PRZASNYSZ; in the Zmijewo Koscielne parish [+ Olszewski and Kolakowski].
At the beginning: the Roman family had owned an estates north and south of Przasnysz
[south of Przasnysz including Krasne - 18 km south-east of Przasnysz; and that next to Sachock / Sachock + the Krasinskis, Szczucki, Rembowski];
in the mid-seventeenth century, the Romans moved to Greater Poland, creating a new line of family:
Jan Roman (great-grandson of Sebastian Roman, the heir of Romany-Górskie, and Anna Gadomski) in 1726-1752, Secretary of the Metropolitan Chapter of Gniezno.
Kazimierz Roman of Czaplice-Kurki was treasurer of Wyszogrod in the middle of 18th century. Michal Roman of Zawkrze [close to Szrensk] and Pawel Roman of Ciechanow - both sons of Wladyslaw Roman of Romany-Skierki and Romany-Zajki, and Rozalia Kijewska, who lived in Latyczow district in 1780 [Ukraine].
Placyd Roman of Romany-Misie, Romany-Fuszki, Romany-Kosiorki, chamberlain of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski of Poland. His two sons, Wiktor (b. 1785, d. 1847) and Seweryn ROMAN (b. 1788) merited Napoleonic officers [more at freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com].
Before Herold of the Polish Kingdom in 1837-1860 nobility argued:
Andrew / ANDRZEJ ROMAN, Anthony and Apollinaris, both sons of Franciszek / Francis ROMAN, and Magdalena Kobylinski [see Zbigniew Brzezinski], all of Romany-Sedzieta, north of PRZASNYSZ.
Romany-Fuszki - 14 km north of Przasnysz: heirs Antoni, Blazej and Kazimierz, both sons of Jakub and Maryanna nee Zaleski; Grzegorz son of Wojciech; Franciszek son of Szymon ROMAN. The Romanski family with the coat of arms of Slepowron of 1641-43, come from Przasnysz; see in 1805 inf. by Piotr Malachowski.
Saturnin Roman emigrated from the parish of Chorzele, Poland to New Britain, CT, USA in 1904.

Rogowo - 10 km east of Przasnysz, here Marcin ROMAN, b. ca 1700, d. after 1761, resided in Ulatowo Pogorzel, close to Chorzele, married in Przasnysz in 1721 to Ewa Kobylinska (daughter of Kilian Kobylinski of Kobylaki Konopki), m. 2nd to Agnieszka Krepska (daughter of Kazimierz Krepski of Rogowo), died in Pogorzel in 1776. Sister of above MARCIN ROMAN - Konstancya, m. in 1729 to Pawel Gadomski, with son Michal Gadomski who married in the Chorzele parish in 1750 to Marcianna Bagienska.

Grzegorz CZAPLICKI had two wives, Anna Karwowska was the mother of:
1. Maryanna, m. Mikolaj Czaplicki, b. ca 1726, d. in Romany-Karcze in 1811;
2. Pawel Czaplicki, b. in Czaplice-Baki ca 1742, d. in 1826, m. Barbara Mlodzianowska with son
Franciszek, b. in Czaplice-Baki in 1788, d. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1859, m. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1826 to Zofia Orlowska (daughter of Waclaw Orlowski and Zofia), b. 1806, d. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1863, m. 2nd to Maryanna Charszewska, with daughter
Antonina, b. in Obrab in 1831, m. Krzynowloga Mala in 1857 to Tadeusz Karol Lelewel (Lollhoffel von Loewensprung) son of Prot Lelewel and Jozefa Slaska, b. in Warsaw in 1824. Tadeusz' father's brother was Joachim Lelewel, the famous historian. Prot was a Napolean officer, a member of the Polish Parliament, and inheritor of Wola Cygowska near Warsaw. Tadeusz was the grandson of Karol Maurycy LELEWEL, lawyer, captain of the Polish Army, 1768 he was a Polish citizen.
His wife was Ewa Szelutt from Lithuania. Tadeusz was the great grandson of Henryk, the personal physician of King August III Wettin. Henryk's wife was Katarzyna Jauch, the daughter of Joachim Jauch, general-major of the Polish-Saxon Army and Ewa Munnich, who was the daughter of Burchard Munnich, a Russian Field Marshal.
See:
Dmochowski Henryk / Dmochowski / Sanders Henry, 1810-1863, insurrectionist of 1863, artist-sculptor. Born in the Zablocie Manor in the Braslaw county as the son of Michal (died 1832) the former scribe for the Educational Commission, and Anna nee Deulow (died 1812). A brother of Michal, and uncle of Henryk; and next of kin to Kazimierz - the Archbishop-Metropolitan in Mohylew. Henryk studied in Wilno, but in 1831, led by Professor Walerian Pietkiewicz, joined the partisan regiment organized by Colonel Jozef Zaliwski near Troki. He had a close personal relationship with Zaliwski. He emigrated with Zaliwski to Hungary, Styria, Bawaria, Wirtenberg, and Baden to France. He worked with Zaliwski to organize an expedition to Poland (Besancon; Avinion). Freemason of "Trinosophes" in Tours; member of the underground "Carbonari" society (Lelewel, Krepowiecki, Mazzini, Józef Zaliwski).
Above Józef Zaliwski born 1797 in Marijampole or Jurbarkas, d. 1855 in Paris, a Polish Colonel of Kingdom of Poland, was a member of the National Freemasonry, Walerian Lukasinski's Society, Piotr Wysocki Conspiracy, co-operated with Joachim Lelewel in 1832, initiator of guerilla warfare in 1833, participated in November Uprising 1830 - 1831.

Note to:
Joachim Daniel Jauch's daughter Constance Jauch 1722 - 1802 married Heinrich Lölhöffel von Löwensprung 1705 - 1763, privy councillor and physician to the King Augustus III of Poland. Death of her husband in 1763. That is Konstancja Jauch 1722 - 1802 or 1723 - 1805 daughter of Joachim and Ewa Münnich.
Married in 1740 to Henryk Lelewel von Löwensprung 1703-1763, with
Karol Maurycy of Liw (1792) 1748-1830 or 1750 - 1830 m. Ewa Szeluta-Malynicki 1763-1837;
Teresa b. 1750 m. Adam Józef Cieciszowski 1743-1783.
Karol Maurycy Lelewel (1750 - 1830) married a niece of the archbishop of the Mogilev, Kasper Cieciszowski 1745 - 1831.
Karol Mauricy Lelewel was a Royal Polish captain, a Polish noble, and became a member of Parliament; Karol Mauricy was 1778 until 1794 the lawyer and treasurer of the Commission of National Education.
Great-aunt of Constance's Lelewel progeny was Jadwiga Walewska (b. 1740 / 1744).
Constance Jauch's grandsons were Joachim Prot and Jan Pawel Lelewel.
Joachim Lelewel (1786 - 1861) became Poland's most famous historian. He was a member of Poland's Provisional Government in 1830, was vice-president of the Democratic Society for the Unification and Brotherhood of all People in Brussels; he was a friend of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Gilbert du Motier, the anarchist Michail Bakunin, marquis de Lafayette, on 29 May is Lelewel's memorial day in the Jewish almanc for his commitment for the Jewish emancipation.
Constance Jauch's granddaughter Anna Cieciszowska was sister-in-law of Magdalena Agnieszka Sapiecha 1739 - 1780 - daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and informal consort of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
Constance Jauch was sister-in-law of Countess Maria Walewska 1786 - 1817, mistress of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska / Walewski, born 1740 / 1744 to Józef Colonna-Walewski and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska. Józef was born in 1700 / 1710, in Walewice.
Jadwiga had brother Anastazy Colonna-Walewski.
Jadwiga married Michal Walewski. Michal was born in 1750, officer in Sieradz.
Her daughter was Teodora Walewski Stecki-Olechnowicz.
Above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski died 1763, son of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska. Father of Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska, Anastazy Colonna-Walewski and Teodora Walewska; brother of Marianna Radolinska; copyright by Wanda Krystyna Korzeniewska.
Above Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1733, d. 1815 or 1814, and a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Maria and Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius had one son, Antoni Rudolf Bazyli Colonna-Walewski (he was an illegitimate child); she 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father; her father Maciej was born circa 1740. She had son Rudolf August d'Ornano.
Above Walewski Anastazy / Atanazy was born in 1733 / 1735. They had one son Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski. Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.
Above Atanazy / Anastazy Colonna-Walewski b. circa 1730 / 1733 or 1735. Son of Józef Walewski / Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763, and (Jozefa Colonna Walewska b. before ca 1720 ?) Ludwika / Ludwika Colonna-Walewska.
Above Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763; son of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia; brother of Marianna Radolinska, inf. by Andrzej Hennel and Wanda Krystyna Korzeniewska.

Leonard Borejko Chodzko died in 1871; he was a Polish historian, geographer, cartographer, publisher, archivist, and activist of the Great Emigration. At the University of Vilnius he was a member of the Philomaths in 1816 with Adam Mickiewicz, Tomasz Zan (in Molodeczno) and Józef Jezowski. 1819 was the personal secretary of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Cleophas Oginski, with whom he left Russia in 1822; 1822 - 1826 Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and England; he settled in Paris in 1826. Friend to Col. Joseph Zaliwski, Joachim Lelewel, Marie Joseph de La Fayette and Victor Hugo. Member of the Society of Lithuania and Russian Territories; a member of the Polish National Committee; the Revenge of the People, in 1833; persecuted by the Russian Embassy in Paris; 1833 - 1834 in the United Kingdom; returned to Paris; he published Michael Cleophas Oginski's Memoirs in four volumes in French in the years 1826-1827; Histoire de les légions polonaises en Italie, Les Polonais en Italie, Histoire populaire de la Pologne in 1863; Biographie du géneral Kosciuszko.

We back to PRZASNYSZ:

BARTLOMIEJ ZBIKOWSKI, b. 1727, d. before 1780, m. in Szwejki, the Krasne Parish in 1754 to FRANCISZKA MILEWSKA. Children:
1. Jan, m. Marcyanna Kobylinska, daughter of Adam Kobylinski;
2. Jakub, b. ca 1748, d. in Pogorzel, 1827;
3. Alexander, b. 1756, m. 2nd to widowed Rozalia Borucka daughter of Mateusz Lojewski and Maryanna Kobylenska.

MATEUSZ ROMAN, inheritor of Ulatowo Pogorzel, b. 1731, d. Pogorzel, 1792, m. in Chorzele in 1756 to EWA LOJEWSKA, b. ca 1732, d. in Pogorzel in 1799. His son:
Pawel ROMAN, b. 1777, d. before 1808, m. 1796 to Maryanna Dabrowska, she m. 2nd in 1808, Jakub Roman,
with daughter Maryanna, b. Pogorzel in 1798, d. 1841, m. in Przasnysz in 1814 to Jakub Kobylinski (son of Franciszek Kobylinski and Franciszka Chodkowska), b. ca 1790.

JAKUB ROMAN, b. ca 1785, d. in Ulatowo Pogorzel, 1831, m. AGNIESZKA CHODKOWSKA, with children (all born in Pogorzel):
Antoni, b. 1810, m (2) Tekla Kobylinska, b. 1819, d. Pogorzel;
Jan Alexander ROMAN, b. 1828, m (1) in Chorzele in 1847 to Domicella Kobylinska daughter of Jan Kobylinski.


German, Russian and British Intelligence and the greatest conspiracy theories in history of Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia and Poland.

Renucci or Fraucci / Frauchi / Artuzov and the Great Purge 1937 in Soviet Union. The Russian military intelligence and the noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia and the Lenin Revolution in November 1917 in Russia. Here is a key information to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family.

The Russian military intelligence to 1918 and radio-intelligence (Sweden, Russia, Estonia, Poland) at the beginning of the 20th century. "...August 1931 to May 1935, Artuzov was the head of OGPU foreign intelligence / INO. May 1934 until early 1937, Artuzov was also deputy head of the IV Directorate of the Staff of the RKKA / the Soviet military intelligence / later GRU (to the IV Directorate from May 25, 1934; his raport to Stalin on June 23, 1934). On January 11, 1937, Artuzov was dismissed from his position as deputy head of the Soviet military intelligence. Artuzov wrote to Stalin on January 17, 1937. Artuzov was then sent back to the GUGB NKVD, was the head of archival department. On May 13, 1937, he was arrested...".

Switzerland and  Estonia  -  military intelligence in  Russia

All on the life of the noble Konstantinovich family in tsarist Russia 1772 to 1918. The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell in Russia.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph. History on the noble Constantinovich family in Russia in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Duflon & Constantinovich Company 1892 - 1918.

The noble Konstantynowicz family in new Poland 1945 - 2013.

Breguet, Brown, Masson, Rey, Armand, Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, Duflon and history of research on telegraph, radio and electricity. Deka Company in Petersburg, Moscow and Zaporoze - Russian engines and airplanes.


Espionage and intelligence in Russia 1772, 1914, 1917, 1937, 1989.




Estonia: Balachowicz, Constantinovich / Konstantinovich, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Dadiani, Dunkel, von Krauze / Krause, Gernet, Toll, Rehbinder / Rebinder, Croy - the Baltic German nobility. История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи.

Genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Bagration-Gruzinski, Kalinowski, Soltan, Dadiani, Oginski, Paszkowski, Dyuflon, Staroch Siedoch, Armand, Pociej, Radziwill and Piottuch Kublicki family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia, Estonia and Belarus.

Genealogy and history of the Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Orlov-Denisov / Orlow Denisow, Dadiani, Nikitin, Wittgenstein, Golicyn / Golitsyn, Bagrationi / Bagration-Gruzinski / Bagration Gruzinsky, Pashkovsky / Paszkowski, Duflon / Dyuflon, Siedych / Sedoch / Staroch-Siedoch, Armand, Demonets / Demonet in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia

Bagration-Gruzinski and Mukhrani from Sakartvelo / Georgia. Troubetzkoy / Trubeckoj, Katenin, Orlov-Denissov and Martynov from Russia.

   Korpus kontrrewolucyjny gen. Dowbor Musnickiego 1917 / 1918

   Genealogy of the Wankowicz family from Belarus

  © Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in St Petersburg and Ukraine 1904 / 1918

  © Walki z sowietami po 23 wrzesnia 1939

I came by conclusion in my genealogical search that among families of Konstantinovich who live in Poland are two or three separate groups: 

1.

The eldest information about a Konstantinovich nickname or surname but not about the Fox coat of arms, go back to 07 October 1515 (according to  Jan Ciechanowicz) and to the Hrodna area: 

Jakub (= Jakov) Konstantinovich sued to a court his neighbour Tolloczko. His relative surely Olechno Konstantinovich in 1539 held a post in  the  Hrodna municipal tribunal.  He sued in 1542 his neighbour Dowtortowicz. Both of named the Konstantinovichs were the landowners of  their Duke.
In GIBULICHY; acc. to the privileges of the Polish King and Grand Duke of Lithuania on July 16, 1502 and December 4, 1506 belonged to the soil of the city of Grodno; in 1558-1561 belonged to the soil of the city of Grodno and three 'parts' (maybe? 150 ha) had here Nicholas / Mikalay Khrzhanovsky at this time, two 'parts' - landlord of the Grodno district, Dahna Konstantinovich, three 'parts' - Mikolay / Nicholas Kovnatsky and Bartosz Zbrozhka gentleman.
However we are lacking information that they had the  Fox coat of arms proper already and I don't know if the Konstantinovich  nickname was the surname by this date! Or it maybe the Konstantinovich name was only an  "otchestvo" (
by-name) id est a form deriving from the name Konstanty or Konstantyn with oriental ending "wicz" (= vich). Then the nest of them was in a villages Toloczki (=  Tolloczki), Ejsmonty and Jurewicze in the Hrodna region (probably since c. 1500) and they were knighted in 1578 with the Pielesz diverse coat of arms.  

  © The Geocities Web Registry

A person with a Konstantinovich nickname in the first half of the 16th cent. didn't has to be the person with the Konstantinovich surname. The  Konstantinovich ancestry with  the  Fox coat of arms proper lived (by c. 1600) only in the Troki district, Samaites province (since c. 1550) and in the  Minsk province (since c. 1570) according to all armorials. In the  Slonim area c. 1600 and in Vilna i.e. Wilno after c. 1640. One of string evidences  say us for example that the record of common noble movement of 1528 doesn't point to  persons with Konstantinovich surname in any districts of  Lithuania according to all historical sources.  

Besides I found out about duke Michal Konstantinovich in Vicebsk at the end of the 12th cent., duke Michal Konstantinovich from Vladimir in 1446, Dmitrei son of  Konstantin in the 15th century, Polut Konstiantinowic' mid 15th century, Kostiantinowic' Semen mid 15th century, Chebotko Konstiantinow 1540; Iwan Konstantinovich  who was an uncle of Jan Mackowicz in Kulbaczyna (the Asmjany district ?) of 1572 and Fedor Konstentinow son of Spits 1552.  

2.

Ancestors of the Konstantinovich family who derived from present BUKOVINA (Bukovina joined Austrian Empire in 1775 but it seems to be probable they moved house here from the Austria -  Hungarys’ Volhynia after the 1st Partition of POLAND 1772) at the border Ukraine on Roumania; it was the Greek church family in the 19th century perhaps and they (regarded as - in part, by  authorities - Ukrainians) were displaced partially to the Mazury - East Prussia - after 1945. Most of them live today in south - easterly Poland. They had own GRECUL (i.e. GREKUL   armorial bearings but own GREK arms was Lithuanian origin, according to Mieroszowski) coat of arms in time of the Austria - Hungarys’ Galicia at the beginning of the 19th cent. (Bazyli and  Michal Konstantinovich 1803). I take note of them (1821 - 1916 in the Russian Besarabia / Bessarabia; in 1918, Bessarabia declared its independence from Russia):  Konstantynowicz Aleksandr  /  Aleksander son of Piotr / Pietr, Konstantynowicz Zofia daughter of Antoni, Konstantynowicz Zofia daughter of Aleksander, and also in ODESSA Tschernowzy (= Chernovits in 1939  -  1940 and in Kiev after the second World War.  

3.

Probably our ancestry with the surname of Konstantinovich derive from belorussian (Senko Czyzewicz and his son Konstanty Czyz) Czyz family which  was polonised and they were professing catholicism as early as the 16th century; the Czyz house owned the coat of arms of FOX proper since 

1534 

id est Marcin Konstantinovich Czyz from Nieciecza 

either Marcin Czyz Konstantinovich from Nieczyca 

or Marcin Czyz Nieczycki (or Nietecki) who was born c. 1495

Marcin Konstantinovich Czyz, royal courtier from Nieciecza (either Nietiacz or Nietiaz near to Dubrovny and farther Lipniszki) according to: 

- Niesiecki 1839 

- Czarniecki 1875 

- Boniecki 1901 

- Leszczyc 1908/13, page 210

- historical magazine of 1914

- historical magazine of April 1938 (number 4/17, page 49)

- Dymmel of 1995.

I can’t give many more information about the question for the sake of my copyright. This is abbreviation of genealogy, "ad perpetuam rei memoriam, non ad publicandam".


Next, unknown of name Konstantinovich Czyz (either Konstantinowicz who was born c. 1530 or Michno Konstantinovich ?) was withdrawing in the last will and testament of his father in 

1547 

and was destitute of the legacy which daughter Margaret inherited; she had got some brothers. 

Part of these Czyz from neighbourhood of LIDA at a later date (either Nieciecz or Nieczyca, 9 km from Lida

c. 1550 

have accepted the Konstantinovich surname (from Christian name of father according to Leszczyc of 1908/13), also retaining  the armorial bearings of  FOX  proper and moved out to the Trakai district and thence to the MINSK province A.D.  

1565 / 1575

Earlier a famous 

Michno Konstantynowicz 

(id est Michal Konstantinovich - in accordance with The Record of Troki Court of 1585 / 1613, contents of "The Record of [...] Wilno", p. 122, 237 -  238

received the big estate, an arable ground and forested land from the king Sigismund Augustus on 

04 January 1554 

i.e. the farmland 

Merecz Michnowski 

was situated in the Merkine = Merecz Pogon area, Merkine parish (the Troki district), beside the Niemen river (Neman or Nemunas); the above Merkine farmland was situated next to estuary  of Merkys = Mereczanka river (a chief officer for life of the Merkine area (= Meretium or Merken area) was Jan Janowicz Zabrzezinski = Zaberezenski since 1536) and the same Michno  possessed a landed property 

Zaleskowszczyzna 

49 km N-W-N of Lida in the Troki district, too (close by a south - easterly border of the former Trakai district) as early as 

1552 

and it seems he owned a farmland Merkine in addition id est 

Merecz Michnowo 

by initial course of Merkys river in the Turgeliai parish, 38 km S-E-S of Vilnius. 

We submitted to the authority in Vilna on 19 May 1842 original of the privilege edited by the king on 04 January 1554 to MICHNO (= Michal) Konstantinovich who was endowed with estate in the Merecz area and submitted many of documents of the 18th cent. 

This fact noted down in armorials of the Grand duchy of Lithuania: 

1578 Konstantinowicz who was born c. 1530 

1584 Michal Konstantynowic 

1648 Konstantinowicz or Konstantinovich 

A legend was about the beginning of the Konstantinovich family. Many said that our family (ancestry) has come from the BALKANS according to "Gutenberg Encyclopaedia"  (volume  8); many said that the ancestry had got to descent from Serbian ancestor (janczar), who was Turkish soldier 1455 - 1463, who was afterwards in POLAND (that is since 1470 or  1471)he has written memoirs here (1490-1516 or rather 1496 - 1501) about title "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)". One copy was in the SAPIEHA Archive. More inf. on the same  Turkish  soldier - Michal Konstantinovich in F. Bujak, "Studia geograf.-hist.", p. 129 - 134. The main editions of "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)" in 1828 and 1912 misleaded  many of  our ancestors. The Kibalczyc family i.e. Kibalcicas have got a legend that tell us about an ancestor from Serbia - the family moved out to the Chernigov province in the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 17th  century - the  legend, it's mistake, too. 

1598

Petrus Konstantinovich

in France and Perugia (i.e. Piotr Konstantynowicz in the Umbrien  province, Italy) according to "Lista degli scolari (...)". 

1600

The Konstantinovich family used POCHOWICZ  by-name (or the Pohozy, Pohosha, Pohowicz, Rokoz, Rohoza and  Pokoz nicknames, information of 1937) at first  in the Minsk  province since A.D. 1600. 

It was a certain family Rohoza in the Orsa district and Verchnjadzvinsk (i.e. Dryssa) region A.D. 1602 / 1643  but it's not our line. 

c. 25 August 1601

A certain judicial document from the 

district of Trakai 

(i.e. Troki) tell us about a noblemen, Jan Sobolewski of Busilolisdy by Kraksznia near by Urkiszki and Stanislaw Kiszka, who litigated against a neighbour from Lachowicze due to the same taken away a little ground in 1600; the landowner called Pawel  Konstantynowicz i.e. 

Pavel Konstantinovich

Matys Gozdziewski and Stefan Stankiewicz to witness at the end of August 1601; we  read in the document about neighbours: a family Koklin and Jan Sowgowicz, and also  about a functionary from Trakai, Jan Stanislawowicz from  Bogdanowicze village; the   document signed in  

Urkiszki  

and above village Urkiszki i.e. Ulkiszki was situated only 1 km NW of Rudziszki (i.e.  Rudiskes, Lithuania now). 

07 March 1643

Mikolay Pohosha Konstantinovich

was rewarded a privilege in the Minsk province handed over to him by the king Vladislav IV Vasa. Bonifacy 1st Konstantinovich derived from named Mikolay.

Just after 

1661 

they partly moved house to the EAST BELARUS in the MSCISLAU province near to: 

KRYCAU = Kritschew or Kritchev (we had eight hundred peasants here; neighbourhood: Petrazycki, Nowodworski, Jerzy  Malachowski, Mikolaj Shukovski and others)

MSCISLAU = Mstislavl 

a famous figures: Madalinski Karol Jakub the founder of church in Mstislavl = Mscislau in 1654, Pac Piotr the founder of church in Mstislavl in  1626, Kaminski Wlodzimierz Dadzibog the founder   of church in Mstislavl in 1676, Hurko Jan the  founder of church in Mstislavl in 1727,  Hlebowicz Juriewicz Jan in Mscislau in 1527,  Ilinicz Juriewicz Jan 1528, Zenowicz Juriewicz  Jurij 1529, the Polubinski family, Solomerecki, Krsak (and not Korsak) Jozef in Mstislavl, duke Oginski Jan the senior provincial chief in 1676

some known senior provincial clerks in the Mscislau territory: Jurij Jurjewicz Ostyk (1566 - 1578), Hieronim Jurjewicz Chodkiewicz 1593 - 1595, Pawel Mikolajewicz Pac 1578 - 1593, Stanislaw Mikolajewicz Narbut 15955, Jan Janowicz Zawisza 1596 - 1599, Dorohostajski Mikolajewicz Piotr 1600 - 1605, Sapieha Iwanowicz Jan 1605, Tyszkiewicz Eustachy Jan 1611 - 1614, duke Holowczynski Jaroslawicz Aleksander 1614, duke Gedroic Matwiejewicz Marcin 1617, Tyszkiewicz Janusz Skumin 1621 - 1626 and others 

the Mscislau town has plunged  into districal function in Russia  in  1777, and here are some noble  districal marshals: Hawryllowicz in 1777,  Rajewski Gabryel 1782 - 1789 and in 1807,  Ciechanowiecki Jan of the Dabrowa coat of arms in  1789, Holynski Michal in 1790, Holynski Ignacy  1807 - 1809, Holynski Adam 1809 - 1817, Holynski  Michal 1818 - 1820, Sobanski Jan of the Junosza  coat of arms in 1822, Stachowski Kazimierz of the  Ogonczyk coat of arms in 1858 - 1863, Kamienski  Szymon in 1864 

a famous Mscislau officers and big oligarchies in Mscislau: Hlebowicz Jan of the Leliwa arms in 1527, Ilinicz Jan of the Korczak arms in 1528, Despot Zenowicz Jerzy in their own arms in 1529; duke Polubinski Bazyli of the Jastrzebiec coat of arms in 1535, duke Solomerecki Jan of the Rawicz arms in 1566 - 1571, Despot Zenowicz Jerzy in 1539, Hlebowicz Jan 1547, duke Polubinski Jan 1551 - 1555, Pac Pawel of the Gozdawa arms in 1583 - 1607, Pac Piotr 1611, duke Drucki Sokolnicki Jan of the Druch arms in 1612,  Radziminski Frackiewicz Mikolaj of the Brodzicz arms in 1615, Sapieha  Krzysztof of the Fox arms in 1623 - 1625, Korsak Jozef of the Korsak coat of  arms in 1635 - 1641, duke Radziwill Jarosz of the Trumpets coat of arms in  1641 - 1650, Tryzna Gedeon 1651, Ciechanowiecki Krzysztof of the Dabrowa arms in 1653, Ciechanowiecki Mikolaj Waleryan 1658 - 1671, Oginski Jan from Kozielsk in 1674 - 1680, Oginski Leon Kazimierz in 1681 - 1697, Kociell Michal Boguslaw of the Pelican arms in 1701 - 1705, Oginski Grzegorz Antoni 1706, Kociell Boguslaw 1710, Sapieha Mikolaj in 1716, Oginski Kazimierz in 1717 - 1719, Lendorff Jan Kazimierz in 1719 - 1729, Ciechanowiecki Feliks 1731 - 1733, Wollowicz Aleksander of the Bogorya arms 1734 - 1738, Ciechanowiecki Nikodem 1738 - 1747, Wollowicz Krzysztof 1749 - 1757, Sapieha Michal 1757,  Lopacinnski Mikolaj Tadeusz of the Lubicz coat of arms in 1757 - 1767 - died 1778, an officer Lopacinski Jan Nikodem son of Mikolaj - last Polish functionary in the city in 1767 - 1772

and 

in the region northwards of MSCISLAU (the villages Samava = Chamovo at the map of 1834, Kopceuka = Kopciowka, Niesterevo – the Berezetnia estate), where Swedes under Charles XII looted their estates in summer A.D. 

1708 : Mapa okolic Mscislawia

- Piotr Konstantinovich who was born c. 1610 in the Minsk province; he lived in the Mscislau province A.D. 1669

- Augustyn Konstantinovich (the municipal and territorial writer, born c. 1635, had died 1713 or before  1713

- Adam in 1697 

- Krzysztof  in 1697 

- Adam Franciszek Konstantinovich 1707 

- Antoni Konstantinovich in 1763 (the Second Manifesto of Lithuanian Nobility

- Dominik born ca 1805 in the Mogilev (either Mogiliow or Moghilev) Government near by  Krycau. His relatives: Szumski, Soltan (b. 1756), duke Radziwill (b. ca 1765), Jozef Benislawski, Smokowski (b. 1797), Piottuch - Kublicki (Oktawia born ca 1810, Jozef b. ca 1780, Emilia ca 1812),  duke Oginski (ca 1810); thereafter - in the generation of Antoni, Aleksander and Ludwik Konstantynowicz, born ca 1833 / 1852 - relations of the Szostaks, with count Eysymont (b. ca 1850) and the Salmonowicz family. 

 

§ 

Some known and famous families in the Mscislau territory, the Polish and others: 

Abramowicz (among others Bohdan with Burczak nickname and Abramovich surname in the Mscislau province A.D. 1525; possessed Powiatowszczyzna after 1636, too; related to Hornostaj house), Adamowicz (Leliwa arms, worked for Mikolej W. Ciechanowiecki in the province of Mscislau in 1644), Bartoszewicz (Sochon   place), Bialozor, Bieganski (or Beganskis since mid 16th century), Bilewicz or Billewicz, Bohowity, von Broel Plater

Brujewicz of the Boncza coat of arms (or Boncz - Brujewicz, possessed Bohdanowka 1st in the Mscislau  district since 1870 - 10,5 km  Nord of Jurkowschtschina i.e. Jurkowszczyzna - and also Poplatyno in the district  since  1870;  Petrulin in the region of Cerykau; Muryn -  Bor  or Bor near to Holynski's Michiejevitschi / Michiejewiczi,  i.e. 12  km  NW of Klimavicy since 1870; and Sieliszcze 18 km E-S-E of Cavusy  or  Czausy  - since 1876), Brzostowski Bujniewicz  (Buinevicius of the Boncza coat of arms derived from the Slonim area and verified in Vilna in 1819),  Bulharyn (Michal was persecuted since 1827  to 1842, they lived  then in Zabloszyn in the Klimavicy district, the Mahileu government), Burdzilowski, Buywid (in  Mscislau in 1664), ChlusiewiczChodzko (performed  function of a clerk in Mscislau in 1759), Chominski, Chrapowicki, Ciechanowicz (Bogdan in  the province in 1442, Ostafiej and  Mikolaj - clerks in  Mscislau), Ciechanowiecki of the Dabrowa coat of arms (or Cechanaveckas and  Tiechanowiecki, before 1654; among other things Jan  Ciechanowiecki a functionary in Mscislau 1620, some of whom in 1648, Mikolaj was officer since 1600; Mikolaj  2nd  Tiechanowiecki from Tiechanowiec was a  functionary in Mscislau 1669 - signed agreement in Andruszov 1667; a certain was an officer in 1770 and they possessed  Dudzinki estate in the 18th and 19th cent.; relations  of Nagorski), Czaplic (Adam Eufemiusz Czaplic from the Mahileu government, Polish nobleman and Russian general  fought against the Polish in 1792 and 1794, and  also against Napoleon in 1812, friend of prince Potiomkin), Czerski (priest of the Society of Jesus, Hieronim Czerski  lived in Mscislau 1716), Daszkiewicz Dederko of Dederkalo coat of arms (verified on 10 March 1798, lived in the Mscislau province and they possessed: Stare Siolo - 8 km  NW of Mscislau, Nowe Siolo i.e. Novae Sjalo or Nowosiolki - 13 km SW of Mscislau, HryckowoPisarzewszczyzna and Turowka - 14 SW of  Nowoje Sselo = Nowe Siolo), dukes Drucki - Horski, Drucki - Sokolinski i.e. dukes Drucki  Sokolnicki, Drzewiecki (or Dzeveckas of the  Nalecz arms was landlord in this province and he has lost assets here in 1655 - inf. of 1665), Dudka

Gorski, Hawryllowicz, Holynski (related to: Ostankiewicz, Hurko, Konstantinovich, Wojna, Karpilowicz, Suryn before 1663, Anna nee Sutocki + Norbert Holynski from Janovek, Moskiewicz, Piszczal from Brakowiec, Kurzeniecki, Aleksandrowicz and Starosielski from Holedz at the beginning of the 18th cent., Bojwid, Chodzkiewicz, Kaszyc, Mister(ow), Kirkor, Zyrkiewicz, Zukowski and Stachowski in the 18th cent.,  Kotly, Kolski from Chlyszczewo by 1670, Chelchowski at the beginning of the 17th cent., Issakowicz, Nagorski, Swatkowski + Tekla nee  Holynski at the end of the 18th cent., Czudowski, Ciechanowiecki and Wieczor at the beginning of the 19th cent.)

The Holynski family possessed also places:

Adelin, Michejewicze in Chotowiz (i.e. Chatoviz east of Kritschew) area, Diahowicze (or Diagoviczi 3 km from Russia now), Mokre in  Moszowe area, Janopol (here duke Sergiusz Meszczerski at a later date), Rudnia (or Rodnja) and Szumiacze (or Sumjaci, Szumianicze by the  Ascer river) in the Klimavicy district (or Klimowitschi); Bolotnia in the Rahacou district; Jozefow (that isn't Jozefowka near by Mscislau),  Brakovce and Radoml (Radomlja SW of Rasna) in the Cavusy (Czausy) district; Buda Paleviczeva, Szumianiczi (or Szumiaki,  Szemienicze - map of 1859 - 4 km SE of Mstislavl at the beginning of the 19th cent.), Janovka (16 km SE of Mstislavl and near to villages Pniewo  by  Sozenka, Kratorowka and Babiczowka - here Charkiewicz and Kolkovski families, too - Russia now), Kazimirowo, Lupiszczyce (Lutiszcze   probably for the present, near to Karol Swiacki's Nov. Belica), Monastyrscina (or Monasterszczyzna, Monastercza, Monastyrszczyna NE of Mscislau  in Russia now; with farm of Hoholowka), Horodek (alongside family Suryn), Sutok, Tupiczyn, Czarnilow and Saprynowicze (at the  beginning of the 19th cent.), Kopciowo (or Kopceuka which they took over into their estates from Konstantinovich family; here Feliks Holynski son of  Jan) and Kadzino (i.e. Kadino 2nd - 8 km NE of Samava - area of Bochot A.D. 1708, by Horodnia river) in the Mstislavl district; Chocimsk  (border of Russia now and in the 16th - 18th cent.), Hajdukowka (with farms: Zielenkowicze, Kazimierzowo, Widujce), Michalin, Kritschew,  Zadobrost, Iwandar (here Catholic church since 1849; with above the Hajdukowka farm at the beginning of the 19th cent.) and Choloblin (14 km  SW of Kritschew in the 19th cent.) in the Cerykau district; and Stefanowo in the Horki district  

Hornostaj, duke Horski (places: Miksztyn or Miksztyno, Dudino, Liszki and Cerkowiszcze, and next here families: Ciechanowiecki, Hurko, Taran, Suchodolski),  Hurko (in Jurkowszczyzna - 1330 ha. - near to Soino, Russia now; the Hurko house related to Dabrowski family of arms Abdank, branch from Siauliai and Kaunas territories), Hylzen, Illinicz (Alexander functionary in Mscislau 1740, owner of Polnykow), Jaroszewicz (Ludwik lived here in 1764), Jelski (priest Wojciech Wijuk Kojalowicz, "Armorial of the Grand duchy of Lithuania knights, so-called Compendium" had written on the Pielesz crest c. 1650, ed. in Cracow 1897: two swords at red field of shield and three feathers from ostrich above - plate, p. 212; four families with the Pielesz arms stayed in Lithuania and Belarus, among others Ielskj i.e. Jelskij - some with cross among swords, inf. of 1620 in the Mscislau province; Krzysztof Jelski officer in Mscislau 1632 and 1648 - related to Radoszynski), Jozefowicz (Sielec or Sjalec farm), 

Kamienski of the Cholewa coat of arms (or Kamenskas, among others Jan Kamienski from Podlasie area performed function of an officer in the  Mscislau castle; Symon in Mscislau A.D. 1564; Alexander Kamienski with the Korwin i.e. Slepowron coat of arms was a clerk in the Mscislau province 1604 - 1614; Teodor in 1648, too; Wlodzimierz Dadzbog Kamienski here in 1668 and 1676; here related to: Drucki - Sokolinski, Baka, Mezynski, Krzywkowski, Kirkor, Klimowicz; derived from Kamiengrod and verified in 1820; others: in Mscislau 1632, 1641, 1648, 1696; among other things owned Jelkowo, Moszny by c. 1667 and Kamionki in the Smolensk  province still in 1672), Kaminski, Kaptelew (Russian), Karski (or Karskis of the Janina coat of arms in the province in 1666; owned Kotowszczyzna by Lobza  river  i.e. Labzanka or Lobsha river near by Klimavicy), Kobylinski (or Kobilinskis of the Harm coat of arms; verified in 1802; the Mscislau province in the 18th cent.),  Kociell of the Pelican coat of arms, Korsak (Jozef Korsak, officer in the Mscislau province in 1611 - lived in Hlybokae, too; the others after 1667; possessed  Holubicze in the Polack province and an estate in the Merkine parish - the Trakai district; in the Vicebsk government related to Lissowski house), 

Korzeniewski (or Korzeniowski with the Fox arms or Kosciesza arms according to Piekosinski, derived from the Brest province; the house distinguished in the  Vicebsk province, the Polack province and Livonia since the beginning of the 18th cent.; the Korzeniewski house possessed village Usa (Usza or Staraja Usha) near by Kaluzyn,  and also in the Minsk government they possessed: Piorunov(y) Most together with Nieciejevski family, Krasny Brzeg and Hajdukowa Sloboda (Galdukowa Sslobodka);  Korzeniewski Jerzy + Konstancja nee Jablonski from the Mscislau province were owners of the Jurkowszczyzna farm in 1766 - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth i.e. a federal  monarchy-republic formed by the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania then http://omniknow.com/essays/Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth.html , and Russia now; they  verified themselves in Hrodna in  1835; related to Ulanowski family), Kisiel (neighbours of Pietrazycki family 1663), Kostrowicki (the Bajbuza coat of arms - verified in 1799; they lived in the  prrovince before 1569, after Jan Kostrowicki moved house to the Lida area - verified in 1801; derived from Ivan Kostrowicki from Stechow i.e. Kostrowicze in the Mscislau duchy and they possessed here Rudodymo, Stechow and Tarapow; related to Zambrzycki family), Kowalewski (a certain was servant of Zapolski family in 1663),  Kozlowski (either Kazlauskas or Ozkinas; among other things the Fox armorial bearings, too; Jan Kozlowski landowner in the provinces of Mscislau and Smolensk + wife Justyna nee Krzywonos - their estates were burned in 1654 according to information of 1665; Piotr Kozlowski son  of Borys, duke from the Smolensk government, b. 1783 - d. 1840, Catholic, related to duke Kurakin, friend of Wilhelm Dorow, duke Piotr Wiaziemski, Filip Wigiel,  Lizakiewicz, Talleyrand and Aleksandr Puszkin), Krukowski (or Krukauskas of the Korwin coat of arms; among others Zacharyasz Krukowski in the Mscislau province  in 1648; and others here were the members of the Greek Church in 17th cent., they came from Volhynia and after lived in the Navahrudak territory and in the Smolensk   province; in Mscislau: 1674, 1679, 1700, 1706), Krylow (Russian; Bohdanowka 2nd in the Klimavicy district), Kurzeniecki (relations of the  Chrapowicki  family), Kulakow (or Kulak from Myszkino i.e. Myszkin; Jan Kulak or Kullak i.e. Kulakas of the Axe arms various in the province in 1653), the   Kurko house (Jurkowszczyzna village, close by an estates of the families: Hurko, duke Polubinski and Rajewski in the 19th  cent.), 

Lazowy, Lopacinski of the Lubicz coat of arms (Myszkowicze Male in the region of Cerykau), Lendorff, Luszczyk (or Luscikas of the Lukocz coat of arms, verified in Vilna 1803), Madalinski (or Madalinskas near to Radoml NE of Cavusy), Masalski, Mezynski Moskiewicz, Mosiewicz, Myszkowski (or Miskauskas of the Jastrzebiec coat of arms), Makowski (or Makauskas in the Mscislau province),  Niemirowicz, Niesiolowski, Oczkin (proprietors of Rudnia village in the Mscislau district i.e. 13 km SE of Mscislau, Russia now - since 1868, and before  count Wollowicz who sold this estate, with a village Piaseczno, to Mikolaj Lopacinski in 1759), Oziemblowski, Oleszkowski, Olesza, Ostrowski Owsiadowski, Ostaszkiewicz, Ostapkowicz, duke Oginski from Kozielsk, Ostankowicz (i.e. Ostankiewicz from Hriaziwiec and  Cyganovo in the Cerykau district - here in the 19th cent.), Osmalowski (or Osmolowski; Bohdanowka 2nd in the Klimavicy district), 

Pac (in Radoml A.D. 1584), Petryzycki (or Pietrazycki, Petrazycki, Petrazickis in the Orsa and Mahileu areas A.D. 1592, Mscislau 1648,  a farms in Suchanowo 1654, Koscielnik and Szamowszczyzna = Samauscyna 7 km NW of Mscislau; near to Krycau 1695, village Petrazyce or  Pietryki by 1813), Pietkiewicz, Pieczkowski, Piotrowski (or Pietrowski 1697), Pleskaczewski

Polonicki (related to the Konstantinovich family; they derived from Eustafi Polonicki who stayed in Kaniow of 1663), dukes  Polubinski (duke Leo Polubinski in the first half of the 16th cent.; Wasil in Mstislawl A.D. 1535, Iwan was officer in Mscislau 1569,  Konstantyn Polubinski in Mscislau 1627 - 1629, Karol was clerk in Mscislau in 1700; they possessed village Leszczynsk A.D. 1510, Slowuczany  and next village Jurkowszczyzna since 1858 - 7 km NE of Soino i.e. Sojna at the map of 1859; the family was kinsman to the Fedorowicz  house  and Wolowicz i.e. counties Wollowicz - middle 16th century), Poniatowski (1666), Puciata (or Putiatas of the Syrokomla and  Przyjaciel coats of arms = "the Friend"), counties Puszkin (according to Szaposznikow, vol. 1; in Mscislau 1774, they owned  Kolodzicz = Oltuchow  in the province A.D. 1560, after Sielec or Sjalec farm south of Mscislau, Novae Sjalo i.e. Nowosiolki SW of Mscislau in  1774 and Monachi from Suchodolski family; relations: Sokolowski, Konstantinovich and Reutt family), duke Puzyna, Puzyrewski (or  Puzirevskis of the Kita coat of arms = "the Tail"), 

Rajewski (or Rajewskij, Rajauskas of the Nalecz and Radwan coats of arms in Belarus as early as 1509, here in 1528 and after 1595,  1623, owned Kislowicze and Fenowszczyzna in 1663, Perany in 1664, Stajow from Ipacewicz family and Jurkowszczyzna since 1858, Russia  now  - together with Polubinski; their neighbours: Komorowski from Mazyki, Ipacewicz, Strzyzewski, Zloczewski c. 1664), Romanowski

Sapieha, Sieczkowski (i.e. Seckauskas of the Ogonczyk coat of arms, owners of Sieczkowo in the province for centuries), Sielanko (i.e.  Selankas of the Syrokomla coat of arms, owners of Soczylowo and Wielkie Siolo villages; verified in Vilna A.D. 1820), Siesicki, Sobanski of  the Junosza coat of arms, Sobolewski (relations of Bielecki family at the beginning of the 18th cent.), Solomerecki, Skorupa Stachowski of the Ogonczyk coat of arms, Stankiewicz (i.e. Stankevicius among others of the Boncza coat of arms and the Mogila arms (= "Grave") in the province A.D. 1648; next in Vilkmerge in the 19th cent. and in Moscow in the beginning of the 20th cent.), Staszkiewicz (i.e. Staskevicius of the Sas coat of arms and the Leliwa arms, e.g. Rafal Staszkiewicz derived from the Smolensk province to the Mscislau  province after 1625), Strumilo (i.e. Strumillo or Strumilas with the Nalecz and Dabrowa coats of arms; the Russians burned down assets of  Dominika nee Strumilo in the province 1655 - 1665, according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 5), Suchodolski (i.e. Suchodolskis de  Suchodol  here  in 1648), Sutocki (i.e. Sutockas of the Dolega coat of arms, nickname Malkowicz, numerous estates in the Mscislau district in  the 19th  cent., next in the Trakai district, related to: Kijacki, Holynski, Krzywicki, Kozuchowski, Kondratowicz, Ostankiewicz, Zubr,  Platowski  - vide  the work of Jan Ciechanowicz edit. in Rzeszow 2001, vol. 5), Swida (by-name Swidwo, of the Grabie diverse coat of arms, in the  Mscislau  district in the 19th cent., related to Dernalowicz family, verified in Minsk in 1802 and 1828), Swiecicki (Karol  Swiecicki a clerk in  Mscislau;  they lived in Myszkino in the Mscislau district since 1600, according to K. Brodawka - Swiecicki on 24.04.1994), Szklarewicz (a farm Rudnia  in the Cerykau = Tscherikoff district since 1867, 825 ha. and 12 km west of Klimavicy), Taran (before 1746), Tarnowski (descendants of  Marcin Tarnowski lived in the Mscislau province, i.e. his son and Izabella nee Moskiewicz, related to Lesniewski noble family; served Russia as  officers in the end of the 18th cent. and verified in Mahileu), Turkiewicz (or Turkevicius of the Suszynski coat of arms from Soszyn before mid  18th century; derived from the Mscislau province and related to: Szymanowski, Ror, Jastrzebski, Sokolnicki and Ludkiewicz; verified in Vilna  1806), Tysza - Bykowski (Wladyslaw of the Jastrzebiec coat of arms in the province and also he was owner of an estate in the Lida area),   Tyszkiewicz, Tyzenhauss, Tolpyha (in Horodecznia), 

Wasilewski, Wiazewicz (or Vezevicius of the Leliwa coat of arms in the district of Mscislau and related to Dybowski and Jacynicz families,  according to Starzynski), Wieliczko (1646 - 1818, e.g. Samuel Wieliczko was a clerk in Mscislau A.D. 1715; Jan and his son Pawel - inf. of  1815 / 1818; verified in Mahileu 1801), Wigura (the Wigura family derived from the province of Mscislau and Jan owned Dubowica by  Vihra or Wechra river in 1660 - 24 km SE of Soino - and Krutelniki near to Sieliszcze before 1654; Sieliszcze was situated 18 km E-S-E of Cavusy or  Czausy), Wiskowski, Witkowski  in 1743, Woroniec (or Voronecas, owned: Mglino, Hrydkowo, Noriczino; neighbours of the Pietrazycki  family 1659), Wojna, Wojnicz (Woynicz, Voinicius), Wojnilowicz

counties Wollowicz (or Volovicz since 1590 in this territory, next of kin with Szemiot family in 1700, owned A.D. 1778StajeBerezetnia near by Konstantinovich's Samava, Horowatka, Ray i.e. Bolshoj Raj 10 km E-S-E of Samava, Miteykow i.e. probably Miljejkowa close to  above RayKozuchowicze i.e. Koshuchowitschi 4,5 km NW of Brujewicz's Bogdanowka 1st, Polachowszczyzna, Jurginow and Pietrowicze i.e.  Petrovici estate -   810 ha. and 10 km E of  Soino - in Zahustyn area, the Klimavicy district A.D. 1784, Russia now; related to Kamienski - inf. of 1623; others  in Mscislau in  1634,  too; they came of Stanislav Wissygina of 1413 with Bogorya arms according to Niesiecki of 1842, vol. 9, p. 414 - 421: and his son Jerzy  Wyssyginowicz who accepted  Wolowicz surname in 1454, and also his grandson Jerzy Wolowicz who fought in the battle near by Viedrussa in 1499, this last Jerzy had 3 sons  (Niesiecki missed out a generation, I  think): Bogdan, Grzegorz and third unknown; two sons came of this third unknown: Ostafiej - inf. of 1568 and Marcyan + wife nee Pac: they had 3  sons i.e. Dominik + wife nee  Savicki, Jan Kazimierz + Katarzyna nee Narushevich - inf. of 1676 and Wincenty who died in 1698; above Dominik had 3 sons: Marcyan 2nd +  Antonina nee Zahorovski in  the Mscislau area in 1704, Krzysztof and Wincenty from the Mscislau province; Wincenty had daughter who had gotten married to Pac, and also  six sons: Marcyan 3rd,  Dominik 2nd, Aleksander, Krzysztof, Jerzy and Stanislav who died in 1737 and had gotten married to Eleonora Racs; this last Stanislav had two sons  living in the Mscislau  province in the middle of the 18th cent.), Wysocki (with the Godziemba coat of arms, descendants of Pawel and Michal Wysocki; verified in Vilna  1820), Zabiello, Zenowicz (leased the Mstislavl castle in 1529, and others persons in A.D. 1664 and 1756 in the province), Zukowski  (Shukovski), Zeligowski K. L. (in Cavusy i.e. Czausy or Tschaussy 1666

and others families. 


All descendants with the Fox coat of arms proper and of the Bowel coat of arms and Svarplovicz nickname in the 17th cent. and with our Konstantinovich  surname came from Michno Konstantinovich

region of Brest (Jedrzej i.e. Andrzej Konstantinovich was the mayor 1664 and  Roman Konstantinovich was a priest of the Greek Church in Jelna 1667); 

area of Braslaw and Mscislau

the others of the Konstantinovich family still lived in the central MINSK  province (the villages Babianowszczyzna = Buchta, Little Loszyca in the  Koroliszczewice parish - a region of Siennica, Koroleszczenicze (or Koroliszczewiceand others; Mikolay Pohosha Konstantinovich as early as 1643 and Jan  Konstantinovich in 1698; consecutive Jan Konstantinovich was born in the Minsk province at the beginning of the 18th cent. and possessed here the village Buchta = Baguta for the present); in the SLONIM district (Hermogen  Konstantinovich wrote down in a tribunal documents with his neighbour  Mizgier in 1603 and Michal Konstantinovich, he signed the Olkienicka  Alliance in 1698 and had the Radwan coat of arms, called Plawski); in the  province of VILNA (Jozef Konstantinovich Master of Arts, published "Decisio  controversiae juris canonici (...)" in 1647 and Stefan who was a member of the  municipal board of Vilna in 1665 and information about him in 1669; Symon  (=  Szymon) Konstantinovich was a deputy to the Warsaw general confederation  in 1668; in the Vilna district was lady Maryna Konstantinovich in 1673Franciszek Konstantinovich lived in the town Vilna in 1686 and he witnessed a  riot) and PINSK (Pokoz nickname in 1674).  

The Konstantinovich family with our coat of arms was also in PORAZAVA and  VOLKOVYSK (a Porozov landed property = Porosow near Vaukavysk /  Volkovysk or Vawkavysk in 1669; and also 03rd November 1621 - Ivan  Konstantinovich / Jan Konstantynowicz conventioneer of a noble meeting in  Volkovysk before the war of Riga) and in the region Paszkowszczyzna –   Kuranec (Jan Konstantinovich in the OSHMIANA ex-district 1690) near to  Vilejka in the 17th century.  

In the Hrodna district (Adam Konstantinovich landowner near to Hrodna  with his neighbour Eysymont in 1646 and Bazyli Konstantinovich who was a  royal general in the Hrodna district 1664 - 1688). The Ejsmont family (=   Eysymont or Eysimont) was a neighbourhood of them, for the first time  information of 1539, 1585 and in the Hrodna area of 1632, they were  persecuted here in 1863; near of kin with the Lobaczewski family in  a  place Great Eysmonty. 

In the Troki district Krzysztof Konstantinovich was a clerk of the district in  1669.  

Somebody (owned Fox coat of arms according to an armorial of 1914) among Cossacks near  to Perejaslav (Ukraine) in 1756 and somebody  pro tempore in Greater Poland at a  later date in  the 18th century, too.   

The ancestry Konstantinovich in the 18th cent. lived in: 

1. the Minsk province: Koroleszczenicze (= the parish of Koreliszczewicze) near to  Minsk and the small holding Little Loszyca near to Koroleszczenicze; we were in the Buchta (= Babianowszczyzna; here Jan and his sons: Maciej, Pavel, Samuel, Bazyli, Antoni,  Franciszek and Marcin) estate in the first half of the 18th century; 

2. near to Braslau (or Braslaw), SE of Dyneburg; Zenon Konstantinovich  was related to the family of Beynar - Bejnarowicz of the Novina -  Zlotogolenczyk arms

3. near to Mscislau

4. close to Brzesc (or Brest = Brest - Litovsk). In the Oshmiana ex-district: Franciszek Felicjan Jurjewicz / Jurewicz, the Trakai lieutenant and the Trakai treasurer had got son Antoni Jurjewicz, born 1735, married to Agnieszka Konstantynowicz.

5. at Volhynia (1729 with the title "palatinus Kijoviensis" to Bazyli Konstantinovich); 

6. the families Konstantinovich survived in the Hrodna area in the 18th cent.   accordingly to S. Koscialovski ("Antoni Tyzenhaus", volume 1, p. 646); in the Grodno (=  Hrodna) province was an information on 19 April 1764 about Jozef  Konstantinovich and the same Jozef at a later date in 1765 (The Record of  Province of Vilnius 1764 - here are "Instructions from the nobility of the Wilno   Province for deputies to the Warsaw parliament"); besides in 1765: AntoniJanDominik, Benedykt and Leon served their country; 

7. Jan Konstantinovich and Michal in the Vilna (Wilno) area in 1779 (they lived in  the Hrodna district, too). It hasn't a signatures of persons with the surname  Konstantinovich from the Grand duchy of Lithuania (without the Polish Ukraine:  Podolia  and Volhynia) in a documents of the Sluck Protestant Confederation  of 1767

On active service during the war against Russia 1654 - 1667

- mister Konstantinovich with the Fox arms commanded a Cossack troops that occupied quarters in a villages Krasiejewie and Iwaniki (probably the Pinsk district in  Polesia / Polessia); on their stay rifled these places on 15 January 1665; the above Konstantinovich commanded the Tartar troops in 1666 and mister Fastowicz and Gasiewski  prosecuted the named in the Mscislau court (the Mscislau province) according to Jan Ciechanowicz; 

- Augustyn Konstantinovich (died 1713) was a clerk of the Lithuanian military confederation from 1661 to 1667 according to Jan Vladyslav Poczobutt - Odlanicki (b.  1640, d. 1703, memorials 1640 - 1684, supporter of the Pac family). 


The Konstantinovich family from eastern BELARUS (Antoni Konstantinovich was born c. 1833 - Krycau, Mscislau, Samava) is my ancestors. 

1772 

this territory was already in Russia, as the Government of Mahileu after the 1st Partition of POLAND, I am afraid.  Miezonka

They partly have moved out to the easternmost parts of the MINSK government to the  Berezina parish after circa  

1840 (or 1842

id est in the villages BOROVINA and MIEZONKA (the village is situated 28 kilometres south - east of Berazino =  Beresino either Byerazino or Berezina). 

Named Meshonka: here lived Antoni and his son Stanislav; the same Stanislav  Konstantinovich from Miezonka and Anna nee Malkiewicz are parents of my grandfather;  my great – grandmother Anna nee Malkiewicz (Malkevicius of the Tarnawa coat of arms and others,  mainly in the districts of Panevezys and Siauliai) came from the Dryssa ujezd (= the Werchnedwinsk district;  the place Asveja) in the Government of Vicebsk; she was near related to the families  Brzezinski and Werakso, Ostrowski (from Piotr Ostrowski de Kaki in 1697; 1760 by the Czerowacz   lake in Livonia) and Filipowicz (Pilipavicius or Pilipaitis with the Pobog and Prawdzic coats of arms and verified the armorial bearings in Vilna 1821: Jozef, Mateusz, Michal, Antoni, Szymon, Izydor, Benedykt and   Joachim); family of my grandfather had next of kin Georgians. See www.surnameweb.org/registry/m/a/l/malkiewicz.shtml

§   

below the German maps of 1943 (out-of-copyright?
NE of Miezonka 

Berezyna

Beresino

SE of Miezonka 

The poor nobility in the East Belarus in the first half of the 19th cent. lived in two clumps, west and east group.  

The west one, by the Druc' river (near by Sjanno, through Careja and Bobr, to Talacyn and southwards Bjalynicy and next Druc village) and the east one by the  Soz river (from Mscislau, through Krycau and to Cacersk, here thickest). In the east group were a big localities, 40 - 850 persons. A fortunes of Poles in  this furthest easterly territories of the former Both Nations Republic turned out differently than by Vistula, because not a few Poles had got  to choose military service in the Russian Army since the end of the 18th cent. or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia  since second half of the 19th century. We offer an example of the Czaplic family: Adam Eufemiusz Czaplic from the Mahileu government,  nobleman, friend of prince Potiomkin and Russian general fought against the Polish in 1792 and 1794, and also against Napoleon in 1812. 

   Nonetheless this country, the East Border, signaled to us of attachment for Polish tradition during the January Insurrection in 1863 according  to Edward Maliszewski (Edvard Malishevski), ed. in Warsaw in 1920. So in the Mahileu government was plan of the uprising on May  05th, 1863.  There were 3.300 insurgents; in the district of Sjanno, at a farm of Slepce - here was a group of Tadeusz Chmurowicz (Tadeush  Chmurovich) and W.  Szlagier (V. Shlagier), 100 strong. Horki town was conquest by night 05/06 May 1863 (19 km from the present border of Russia and 22 km from   Kopceuka).  The Orsa  group  under command of Ignacy Budzilowicz (Budzilovich) fought on May 07th, 1863. In the Mahileu district commanded W.  Korsak (or Korsach) and  Mancewicz brothers (Mancevich); they got defeated at once in Czarnorucz (Tsharnoruch). Consecutive battle between Russians  and Polish rebels took  place by Leciachy near to Rahacou by Dnjapro on May 11th, 1863, but already on May 12th and 13th, 1863 all  Mahileu insurgents  surrendered to Russians near by Zurawicze (Shuravicy, 38 km NE of Rahacou on May, 12th) and in Propojsk (that is Slauhard by Soz =  Sosh river now, 75 km E -  N - E of Rahacou in the Bychau district) on May 13th, 1863. Besides we know about a battle near by Szczawry (Scadry ?) close to  the border of the  Minsk government on the Mahileu one.   

It was similarly in the Minsk government: as early as November 1862 a Convention  of the Nobility in  Minsk made a statement - summons for uprising. For the first time a fighting was close by Piotrowszczyzna village (Piotrowinka ?,  18  km West of Cerven in the Ihumen district). The group of rebels retreated towards the Mahileu government, through Kolbcza (i.e. Koubca 19 km SW of Miezonka). At the  same time, on May 07th, 1863, a group 400 strong fought close by Podberezje (Podbereshje 26 km SW of Cerven) in the Ihumen district, too. Consecutive  battle between Russians and Polish rebels near by Loczyn on June 14th, 1863 in the Ihumen district, too (Lucznoje now, 8 km southwards of Cerven). The  estate of Gorki had confiscated from Kornel Peliksza in 1863 (21 km of Minsk) after suppressing of the rebellion; Kornel Peliksza acted as chief of  the Minsk province during the January Insurrection. Pawel Dybowski (Pavel Dybovski) was a chief in the Minsk district with centre in Stankow  (Stankava now, 36 km SW of Minsk); it was property of general and count Emeryk Czapski. In the middle of May 1863, a group from the Ihumen  district which came from east side of the Berazino parish (Berezino) under command of Piotr Jesman, after skirmish close to Boguschewitschi,  was smashed completely close by Marcjanowka village (Martjanovka north of Boguschewitschi). Melchior Wankowicz older was also the insurgent in 1863. According to: M. S. Anatolewny, edit. Omsk in 2005, Konstantynowicz Anastazja / Nastasija, born 1836 and Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich Piotr, b. 1832 were exiled to the West Siberia.

Notwithstanding the Polish nobility lived on and on in the Mahileu government, for instance in 1865: the west group by Druc' river - 12.188  adullt persons in 521 villages and places, among others 10.447 Roman Catholic; the east group by Soz river - 25.318 persons inn 248 places but  only 5.927 Roman Catholic. 

Only 3.700 Poles lived in the Mahileu province in 1989, after displacements in 1918 - 21, 1928 - 37, 1941 - 44 and 1952. You can to see also  according to  Barancewicz : Wyzlacinscy-Bujewicz (rus, pol) Giecewicz (eng,pol,rus) Konstantinovich (eng) Leszkiewicz (bel,rus) Matusiewicz (eng,pol,rus) Tumilowicz (eng)

We were also in the real Lithuania

we possessed in part a landed property Pileszyszki

in the Kaunas district in the 18th cent. (bequeathed by lady Junowicz since 1766), here lived Maciej Konstantinovich; the same Maciej had brothers: Pavel, Samuel, Bazyli, Antoni, Franciszek and Marcin. The brothers received after their parents (father Jan Konstantinovich was born at the beginning of the 18th cent.) the Babianowszczyzna = Buchta estate in the Minsk province (government then) A.D. 1798; that family verified the nobleness in Vilna A.D. 1842 

we lived in a district of RASEINIAI

i.e. Rosienie = Rossienie, parish of Sartyniki (or Sartininkai) in the place Komcie A.D. 1799: Jan and his son Waclaw Konstantinovich with the Bowel coat of arms and Svarplovicz nickname were here c. 1650

Marijampole

i.e. Mariampole in the Augustov government in the forties of the 19th century; two of them were the members of the Democratic Polish Society

in Kaunas

PIOTR KONSTANTYNOWICZ AND HIS SON VLADYSLAV BORN 1891 and others families Konstantinavičius / Konstantinavicius / Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich
Our "lost" Konstantinavicius / Konstantinavičius branches from Lithuania at prestent:
Konstantinavicius Aurimas; Mantas; Paulenas; Tomas Konstantinavičius; Edgaras Konstantinavicius; Justinas; Rytis; Agi; Arnoldas; Karolis; Dalius; Valdemaras; Rimas; Raimondas Konstantinavicius; Robertas Konstantinavicius; Vaclovas Konstantinavicius; Zydrunas Konstantinavicius and Jonas Konstantinavicius. Rytis Konstantinavicius is living now in Poland, born 1969 in Russia, the Komi district. Mantas Konstantinavicius in UK, address e-mail m.konstantinavicius@rhul.ac.uk and public phone: +44.07514074610. Vytukas Konstantinavicius. Karolis Konstantinavicius - ATB 'Labas Festas', Palanga / Polaga. Agata Konstantinavicius / Agi working in pottery, a public address: 57-450 Bartnica 46 in Poland. Ruta Konstantinaviciute - the Mykolo Romerio University in Vilnius, Lithuania. Mindaugas Konstantinavicius is associated with Beta Ink, Inc. with the role of President and is located in Chatsworth, CA and Los Angeles, CA; is related to Andrea Giedraitis in Los Angeles, CA. Povilas Konstantinavicius - Roma. Gus KonstantinaviciusAffiliate Manager, United States. Robertas Konstantinavicius in Norfolk. Vytautas Konstantinavicius and Edita Konstantinaviciene. Arvidas Konstantinavicius in Ayrshire. Paulius, 22 years in 2011, in Dunston 2010. Valdemaras Konstantinavicius, the Kutaisi Basketball Team. Povilas Konstantinavicius, a student at Vilniaus Gedimino Technikos Universitetas, Lithuania. Arnoldas Konstantinavicius. Vytautas Konstantinavicius, Security Officer at Elior UK. Sigitas Konstantinavicius in Lietuva. Simas Konstantinavicius, around 14 years, Liberalu Centro Sajunga; Robertas Konstantinavicius, around 30, Lietuva; Andrius Konstantinavicius and Rotautas Konstantinavicius; K. V. KonstantinaviciusPublications in Chemistry.

Vaclovas Konstantinavičius of Vilniaus valstybinis universitetas in 1971.
Jonas Konstantinavičius and (Brooklyn in 2009) his family, acc. to Danutė Leonova of 2011 :
Eugenija wife, Saulius son, Audrius son, Daiva daughter, Petronėlė Konstantinavičienė mother, Steponas Konstantinavičius father, Teofilė sister, Stasė sister, Elena sister, Petras Konstantinavičius brother.
Steponas Konstantinavičius and his family: Petronėlė Konstantinavičienė, Teofilė Tamulevičienė daughter, Stasė Bogušienė daughter, Elena Navickienė daughter, Petras Konstantinavičius son, Jonas Konstantinavičius son (in Estonia).
Povilas Konstantinavičius; Aiškutis Konstantinavičius from Lithuania born 1977; Medvaišas Konstantinavičius; Lucidas Konstantinavičius; Saulius Konstantinavičius in Varėnos / Marcinkonių (Savininkas); Aurimas Konstantinavičius in Kaišiadorių / Pravieniškių; Sigitas Konstantinavičius in Pagėgių / Vilkyškių; in Naujasodė, Druskininkų, Ramūnas Konstantinavičius; Evaldas Konstantinavičius; Tomas Konstantinavičius; Dalius Konstantinavičius in Vilnius; Konstantinavičius Kazimieras; Arūnas Konstantinavičius; Audrius Konstantinavičius; Arnold / Arnoldas Konstantinavicius in Marijampolės / Rygiškių, Jono gimnazija of Kauno / Kowno.
Mečislovas Konstantinavičius in Druskininkai; Arūno Konstantinavičiaus - tel.: 8 687 10524, in Naujasodė, 32313 Druskininkų sav. (close to Druskieniki) and address: Baravykų g. 7, Druskininkų m., Druskininkų sav.; boss Ramūnas Konstantinavičius, in Naujasodė, tel. (+370) 68710524 - Naujasodė village 2 miles east of Ratnyčia; Konstantinavičiūtė Rasa.

also in the Trakai area

a certain Konstantinovich signed a manifesto of the Polish nobility on 26 July 1812, according to Czeslaw Malewski - because of Napoleon conquered Kaunas on 24/25 June and Vilna on 28 June

the locality Chwiedziejowszczyzna

or Chwedziejowszczyzna in the Trakai district, the ex-parish Vysoki Dvor i.e.  Aukstadvaris and after other parish (Uzuguostis probably) in the 19th cent.; near  to Vladipolis, Alesiskes, Beizionys, Mergiskes and Mackantiskes - 7 km east of  Aukstadvaris; neighbouring families: Mackiewicz (they owned in the Kaunas district or  more  truly in the Trakai district a Klidzie farm - from noble Tolloczko family and also from Jan Szteyn who  came from the Butrimonys parish - by 1817, and possessed also Zailgi i.e. Stecki in the Trakai district c. 1690 -  here  families at a later date: Krzywicki, Romansewicz, Poplawski A.D. 1757), Klidzianka and  Jeleniewski 

in Butrimonys

a certain Lucius Konstantinovich was a teacher at high school in Butrimonys (more probable that is Butrimonys 18 km SW of Aukstadvaris in the independent Lithuania after 1918 and unlikely Butrymance i.e. Butrimonys 14 km NE of Eisiskes in the Butrimonys parish near by Jargance, Jundeiliszki, Kuze, Strzelce) in the thirties and forties of the 20th cent.

we possessed the Ustron estate

in the Kaunas district (= region of Kovno) in the 19th cent. and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Konstantinavicius surname at Lithuania now is our Konstantynowicz ancestry.

The Konstantinovich family moved house also in the 19th century period: 

- to St Petersburg in the middle of the 19th century (Michal or Michail son of Fiodor Konstantinovich the 2nd

- to Minsk in the eighties of the 19th century (old Bonifacy Konstantinovich the 2nd

- to Bialystok in 1810; a certain Konstantinovich was a post office officer (under command of colonel Turski for the Russian  counter-intelligence and after in St. Petersburg

- the Konstantinovich family with the Fox coat of arms in the noble locality Nosewicze or Nosowicze near to LIDA in the 19th  century; the village Nosewicze is  situated 6 kilometres S-E-S from Radun’ or Radunsk, in the parish of Radun’; the Vilna government, former  district of LIDA; those neighbours: the Hryhorowicz or  Hrehorowicz family, Laskowski, Laskowicz or Leskowicz, Nossewicz or Nosewicz,  Rouba, Stecewicz, Stecki, Wincza, Zapasnik and Zemojtel or Zomojtel. The  Konstantinovichs got through to 19th century at Lida region: T.  Konstantinovich in LIDA in 1809 / 1810 - orator, a lecturer of French and teacher at the district  school.  

- we were near to HRODNA in the thirties of the 19th century (area of Skidal: the places Jurevicze, Zytomlja = Jitomlia at the  map of 1834, Tolloczki = Toloczki: Jozef Konstantinovich born c. 1842 and Adam born c. 1840/45; Ejsmonty: here lived  Kazimierz Konstantinovich who was born c. 1850 near to Tolloczki; at Vanki 1862 - a parish of Pojeziersk; Podyvice - a  parish of Lavkov(o); Orechovicze: Walenty Konstantinovich was born here A.D. 1870 and his brother Stefan

- to Hrodna in the early eighties of the 19th century (Adam Konstantinovich the 2nd)  

- near to Kazlouscyna (the village Butlerowszczyzna; Napoleon Konstantinovich lived here, born c. 1825, colonel of the  January Insurrection 1863) after the November Insurrection, then in the thirties of the 19th century 

- also near to Svencionys = Svencionus: the places Paragiszki = Paringis, Podciejkinie, Saule = Savuliai in the Zablociszki  region = "volost" (near to Ceikiniai); that is the Zacisze estate by the small river Ejsiata in the Daugeliskis parish by circa  1865 and next property Swolna / Svolna of Sviatecki family - information of 1886 

- and to the Dryssa ujezd (the district of Verchnjadzvinsk = Werchnedwinsk): 

the villages Old Svolna and Svolna - about here count Jozef Zarako Zarakowski  

all these maps of 1834 published Charles Knight & Co. in London in 1845 and come from  ©  the collections of the Generations Press Books & Maps - under copyright  

http://www.generationspress.com/

- the Konstantinovich family also moved out to the “Polish Livland” (LATVIA  today): the parish of MALNOV (the place Malnovskoi in the district of Ludza = Ludsennear to Karsava, village Kovalki; many persons, a Roman Catholics, laid off  from bureaus in the Vicebsk government after 1863

Jan Konstantinovich an accountant, 

Kosma Konstantinovich a hospital clerk, 

Viktor Konstantinovich writer  

- the Zapole farm (in the POLACK ujezd, either the Polotsk or Polozk district) in  the government of Vicebsk; their neighbours: Kuzarevski, Nevelski, Reutt and  Veryho 

- they lived in BUDSLAU in the sixties of the 19th century  (Jakov born c. 1810/1820 and his children Wikentij and Malvina  Mancevicz and probably Semen), district of Vilejka 

- Adam Konstantinovich was born in Vladimir c. 1805, officer of  the November Insurrection 1831, emigrated to the West - that is an  other Volhynia  branch. The Volhynia is  outside of the Grand duchy of Lithuania; "(...) two  Konstantynowicz  families have been (...)  verified in (...) Podolyia (05. 12. 1841) and in Volhynia  (04. 12.  1844)"  according to Andrzej Bajor - this quotation  without the Author's written  permission.  


The Konstantinovich family verified noble  descent in the nineteenth century: 

- a documentation of the noble Konstantinovich family with the Fox proper coat of arms was being shown in Minsk  (according to: a demand of identifiable proofs by law of 1800 but as early as the end of the 18th cent. disappeared noble  small-holders = "field  poor nobility", domestic nobility = nobles performing an administrative duties, a rental poor nobility =  rent-paying  nobles and also street  nobility i.e. "cobblestone" = "paving stones" one) on 15 December 1802 when Stanislaw  Wankowicz  was the government noble  marshal; they derived from Mikolay Pohosha Konstantinovich of the Minsk  province; he had 3 sons: Stefan, Hrehory Dmitr  and Jozef; they owned some farmlands in the province of Minsk and  carried  out a positions in the first half of the  seventeenth century; above Mikolay Pohosha Konstantinovich has got a  privilege of  07 March 1643 handed over to him by the king Vladislav IV Vasa; from named Mikolay derived Bonifacy 1st  Konstantinovich who lived in the Minsk government in 1802, according to the Minsk State Archives;  

- we submitted to the authority in Vilna on 19 May 1842 an original of privilege edited by the king Sigismund Augustus on  04 January 1554 to Michno Konstantinovich who was endowed with estate in the Merecz area and submitted many of  documents of the 18th cent. (according to: 1. Act of May 24th, 1818 which eliminated a slight i.e. bare nobility from genealogical books =  landless  nobles or  "rabble" in Belarus; 2. Act of October 19th, 1831 which accomplished of division into:  "dvorianie" - landowners i.e.  possessors = nobles with means, "odnodvorcy" - "cabin" i.e. rural nobility and also  "grashdanie" - municipal nobility, the remaining  noblemen in Belarus ranked as peasants; 3. Act of November 11th, 1832 -  the landowners were divided into parts: proprietors and the persons  without estates; 4. Act of 1863 - the rural nobility and  municipal one were liquidated); at that time verified themselves a persons  derived from the Minsk government i.e. from  Babianowszczyzna = Buchta holding (Baguta 15 km west of Smaljavicy);  they  were in Pileszyszki in the Kovno region after  1766, too: 

Jan Konstantinovich and his sons Maciej, Pavel, Samuel, Bazyli, Antoni, Franciszek, Marcin and sons of the above Maciej:  Jan II and Michal (childless); from Jan II his sons Adam (childless) and Michal (his sons Walenty Stanislaw, Konstanty, Jan  Stanislaw, Jozef Andrzej and Alfons Onufry - they were born by 1840); 

- A.D. 1853 in the Minsk government (the Fox coat of arms; Пагожа / Pagozha-Konstantynowicz, acc. to 'Minsk Province. List of noble families in the genealogy book of the Minsk province Noble Deputies Assembly. Book No 6); 

- 1859 in the Vicebsk government (the Fox coat of arms); 

- Antoni (son of Dominik derived from area of Krycau) in the Hrodna government 1861 (the Fox coat of arms); 

The Fox crest mean strategy, guile, ruse defensive and intelligence - argued in 1997 Mr. Pavel Dudzinski in "Heraldic Alphabet" (p. 118 and  plate 314). 

The Fox crest is in eleven varieties according to Juliusz count Ostrovski in "Armorial Book of Polish ancestries" of 1897 ed. in Warsaw: 1st -  shield and above fox, in shield: arrow upwards with two beams; 2nd - shield and above fox, in shield: golden arrow with two beams; 3rd - shield  and  above fox, arrow with two and half beams; 4th - three feathers instead of fox above of sshield, with arrow and one beam in shield; 5th - arrow  with three transversal beams upon the shield, and also three feathers above the shield; 6th - arrow with two beams on the shield, and also a  duke cap with cross at the top; 7th - on the shield: horseshoe and above arrow with two beams, above of shield: crown with swan at the top; 8th -  only in Poland in the thirteenth century: arrow with one beam on the shield without objects above of arms, and the arrow upwards; 9th - only  shield, arrow downwards with one beam; 10th variety - of the 15th cent., shield with above helmet, and arrow diagonally downwards with two  beams; 11th - variety of the 15th cent.: only shield with arrow upwards, and also two beams. 

According to Tadeusz Gajl, "Noble crests of the Both Nations Republic", p. 127 and 128: seven kinds of the Fox coat of arms here and the Fox  diverse arms of Liskowski family; 1. Fox (Mzura) - one arrow with two transversal rafters; 2. one golden arrow with two beams; 3. lack of image; 4. arrow with one transversal rafter and above three feathers; 5. three rafters on the arrow and three feathers; 6. a cap with cross above of  shield, arrow with two beams; 7. shield and above crown with swan, in the shield: arrow with two beams and horseshoe below the arrow. The  author write about the Konstantynowicz family of Intestines, Radwan and Fox arms only.  

According to Alfred Znamierowski, "Polish regalia, symbols and arms", ed. in Warsaw 2003: discussion on sword - p. 9; about Fox crest - p. 26 and  39: mainly double crossed "rogacina" i.e. arrow; Konstiantin or Kostiantin = Konstantin that is "steadfast, constant"  

- 1913 district of Dorohobuz (the Fox coat of arms in Dorogobush

- 1799 in the Kaunas territory (other coat of arms thereabouts).  

A Konstantinovich ancestry with the Bowel coat of arms had Poszeszow estate in the Raseiniai ex-district in the middle of the 16th century. The coat of arms of them authorized  in Vilna (1841), and also nine generations and 57 male persons: Jan Konstantinovich and his son Waclaw with the nickname Szwarplowicz c. 1650 and grandsons Jan and  Michal - them sons: Krzysztof and Stanislaw; Krzysztof had a sons: Andrzej, Jan and Jerzy; the named Michal had a son Stanislaw and grandson Jerzy;  at the end of 18th cent. were 13 persons and 25 persons c. 1830: Nikodem, Jakub, Wincenty, Michal, Kasper, Teodor, Ludwik, Antoni, Kajetan and Teofil. To this  Konstantinovich lineage were related the Konstantinovichs with Fox arms proper from Pileszyszki in the Kaunas (here in 1766) district; they derived from famous Michno  Konstantinovich who received the big estate: an arable ground and forested land from the king Zygmunt August on 04 January 1554; the farmland was in the Merkine = Merecz  area, beside the Niemen river (Neman or Nemunas) by the Merkys = Mereczanka river  

- 1817 in the Hrodna district and at a later date they verified privilege of 1578 handed over by the king Stephen Bathory but with another  coat  of arms i.e. "two swords (some documents from Sankt Petersburg Archive - disclosure to Pavel Konstantinovich in the beginning of August 2004; "the two swords might represent the military  service of two brothers, and the star above might signify a successful military engagement", as somebody wrote in successive phase of public discussion about the noble Konstantinovich family, that commenced in the middle of  August 2004 in the web net, but the discussion is led by strange persons, not from our roots) which constitute a cross, and a star above them, and feathers of ostrich below (above, I  think) the helmet".  

I explain the problem to you (on September 10th, 2004): two naked crossing swords without golden hilts, this is  fundamental Pielesz arms (priest Wojciech Wijuk Kojalowicz, "Armorial of the Grand duchy of Lithuania knights, so-called Compendium" had written on the  Pielesz crest c. 1650, ed. in Cracow 1897: two swords at red field of shield and three feathers from ostrich above - plate, p. 212; it were four families with the Pielesz arms: 1.  Ielskj i.e. Jelskij - some with cross among swords, inf. of 1620, 1632 in the Mscislau province and of 1648, 2. Kwasnickj Golden i.e. Kvasnickij or Kwasnicki Golden derived  from Moscow, 3. Pieleszyc house in the Vicebsk province, 4. and also Wloszek family from Podlasie - inf. 1584; besides the Golocki family of the Golocki arms according to  Kasper Niesiecki, vol. 4 ed. in Lipsk 1839, p. 174 - here effigy of the Golocki coat of arms: two swords on the shield, diagonally crossing with hilts upwards and a cap at the  helmet - the shield is the same what the Pielesz one; the family came from Chelmno area in Poland; estates: Goloty, Sarnov near by Grudziadz, Melno, inf. of 1651; moreover  Golocki family also with the Pielesz diverse arms according to T. Gajl, p. 67: a cap and two feathers above crown, and beneath two swords with golden hilts upwards in the  shield; according to Seweryn Uruski, "Family. The Armorial of Polish nobility", vol. 13, 1916, p. 330: Pielesh i.e. Pielesz family of the Pielesz arms in Lithuania, the district  of  Panevezys, near by Upita in 1580, also as Pieleszyc; Pieleszyc family with the Pielesz diverse arms - sabres instead of swords in the shield; is said that is the same family  what Pielesz; according to J. Ostrowski, p. 437, here plate of the Pielesz arms: two swords with hilts downwards in the shield and three feathers above crown); the  Wloszek arms (Vloshek family, according to Gajl, p. 246, with the Pielesz diverse coat of arms, by turns from top to toe: bird above two hunting hornes, crown, shield -  two swords with golden hilts and four roses between blades; Vloshek / Wloszek family with own Wloszek arms: coat of arms without helmet, and in the shield two crossing  swords with golden hilts in palms and three roses between blades; the Wloszek arms come from the Pielesz crest; Niesiecki, vol. 9, 1842, had written about Wloszek family of  the Pielesz diverse arms - they added four white roses in red field; Bielski, Paprocki and Okolovich wrote, too) resulted from link between the Pielesz arms  and the Roses coat of arms (i.e. Poraj); the Pielesz coat of arms belong to a Sword group (the Kownia arms, Herburt crest, three swords and  Pielesz come from the sword group); swords are in 19 arms and variants joined with another objects.  

Adding of one star extra to the Pielesz armorial bearings resulted in unknown arms for Mieroszowski (plate 10, pieces 1 - 15, ed. of  1887). It's a Pielesz diverse coat of arms according to me

The following names of lines are according to my research work: 

THE BUDSLAU BRANCH

FROM MALVINA AND WIKENTIJ 

THE HRODNA BRANCHES

FROM KAZIMIERZ BORN C. 1850/1851, JOZEF BORN C. 1842, ADAM BORN C. 1840/45 AND WALENTY FROM ORECHOVICZE OR ORECHVICZE 

THE BRANCH FROM IRKUTSK

FROM PATRYCJUSZ 

BRANCHES FROM THE MINSK GOVERNMENT

earliest branch from Jan Konstantinovich 1698; earlier branches  from Bonifacy I, Gawryla, Jakow, Daniil (Daniel), Fiodor, Martin  (Marcin) and from Leon; later branches from Bonifacy  Konstantinovich the 2nd - and his sons: Jakov born 1841, Semen  born 1843, Vincenty / Vikentij born 1847 and lived at Minsk in  1858; Antoni, Wilhelm, Pavel and from Jerzy II 

THE MSCISLAU BRANCH

(FROM DOMINIK and his brothers) my family from the Mscislau  area derived from - according to the oral tale - a region by Mereczanka  river (= Merkys river), thus from Michno Konstantinovich with the Fox coat   of  arms proper, where the same possessed forest (1554) and the property  of  Zaleskowszczyzna (1552) but we weren't told that the Konstantinovich  family derived from Toloczki; the same Michno was put down in a judicial   documents of the Troki district in 1552 (according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 3).  Searching for an evidences last at present. All proofs show the Troki  district by the Mereczanka river as the nest of our beginning and never  point to the Hrodna district. All descendants with the Fox coat of arms  proper and with our surname Konstantinovich come from the above  Michno  Konstantinovich; see the Mscislau website: 

  © Kampania wrzesniowa 1939 roku

http://republika.pl/bkonstantynowicz

THE KAUNAS BRANCHES

PIOTR AND HIS SON VLADYSLAV BORN 1891 and others  families 

THE KAZLOUSCYNA BRANCH

FROM NAPOLEON Konstantinovich 

the VOLHYNIA BRANCH

from Bazyli A.D. 1729 and what coat of arms? In accordance with "The  General Webnet Inventory of Marriages": Konstantinovich Helena wife of  Swatek Jan in Hrubieszow of 1859 and also Karolina Konstantinovich -  Kusz in Hrubieszow in 1862; they are probably from the VOLHYNIA  BRANCH  and "(...) two  Konstantynowicz  families have been (...)  verified in (...) Podolyia  (05. 12. 1841)  and in Volhynia  (04. 12.  1844)"  according to Andrzej Bajor  

and UNKNOWN OTHERS BRANCHES or lineages

Konstantinovich families sealed themselves six armorial bearings: Fox  proper, Bowel(s), Three Crosses, the Pielesz diverse, Radwan and Ours of  the Konstantinovich ancestry - Grekul 

UNKNOWN BRANCH

Konstantinovich families lived in the Congress Poland according to Dr. Minakowski /  Minakovski of "Publikacje Elektroniczne" 2005 at http://www.przodkowie.com. Where   did they come from? On this website are data about the Konstantynowiczs in Warsaw of  1854 from "The Inventory of Warsaw city residents": Konstantinovich Boleslav /   Konstantynowicz Boleslaw - a functionary who lived in count Andrzej Zamojski palace;  and Konstantinovich Michal - clerk. We also know about KONSTANTINOVICH Michal  Jozef who had written "Przewodnik opisowo - porownawczy do wyuczenia czytania i  pisania  po  polsku wszystkich doroslych i dzieci w krotkim czasie z illustracjami" ed.  Warsaw  1879

We lived in the central and eastern Minsk government continuously in the middle of the 19th  cent.: 

persons:

1. Iwan Konstantinovich 

2. Zenon Konstantinovich 

3. Marcin Konstantinovich (dworianin = nobleman verified)    the Konstantinovich family in East Belarus

4. Iwan Konstantinovich (dworianin = nobleman verified)  

5. Patrycy Gawrylow Konstantinovich 

6. Wikentij Jakowlew Konstantinovich 

7. Semen Jakowlew Konstantinovich 

8. Kazimierz Daniilow Konstantinovich 

9. Iwan Fiodorow Konstantinovich 

10. Iwan Daniilow Konstantinovich 

11. Mikolaj Martinow Konstantinovich 

12. Iwan Leonow Konstantinovich  

The above map of 1740 from   www.clas.ufl.edu/.../history_shepherd_1911.html  i.e.  
"Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd" (shepherd-c-130-131.jpg
)  
and it show to us where the Mscislau branch and relatives lived c. 1600 - 1917 in the Both Nations Republic -
 formerly the Grand duchy of  Lithuania / Grand  Principality  of  Lithuania,  1795 dissolution of  the state but all the direct  descendants are from there: Belarus /Belorussia /White Russia /  Byelorussia  thereafter
  localities:

- Zamostocze in the Minsk district (= uyezd), the region of Siennica, the parish of Koreliszczewicze;  residents in this Polish noble  locality  at the end of the 19th cent.: Platovski, Narejko, Janczevski, Suchocki, Rzeczycki,  Pavlovicz,  Mazurkievicz, Ancielevski and our family;  

- Luzki = Lushki (7 km west of Smolevicze = Smaljavicy) in the Minsk government at the beginning of the 19th cent.; here was a   teacher and priest Tadeusz Konstantinovich in 1812;  

- Ozeryszcze = Ozdryszcze in the Ihumen (= Igumen either Tscherwen or Cerven) district  

- Mar'ina Horka = Marina Gorka; Anton / Antoni Konstantinovich son of Ivan / Jan was the prime rector of a school in  the little city (the Piareshyr street) in 1866 

- Little Loszyca in the Minsk district (the Koroliszczewice parish; neighbourhood of them: Pawlowski, Kostrowicki and Narcyz Torczynski; the village was situated in the Siennica = Sienica  region that is "volost") and Barysau, here Stefan Konstantinovich in the early 20th century 

- Konstantynov (the noble small village near to the river Usza = Usa, 5 kilometres from Borovina north; close to border of the Ihumen district) in the Barysau  district 

- BOROVINA in the Ihumen district, here Ludvik Konstantinovich and his son Jan born 1888, who has gone into the army  of Balachovich 1920 

- MIEZONKA in the Ihumen district (in the GOVERNMENT OF MINSK, the parish Berazino - Mother of God of Mercy - or BERESINO, the POHOST or  Pogost region = Pogostskaya "volost" that is similar to county; PRECINCT BERAZINO = Uchastok No 2: Uyrevichskaya, Pogostskaya and the Belichanskaya volost; near to  villages DULEBO and DRUCZANY; here Stanislav Konstantinovich born c. 1855 + Anna Malkiewicz daughter of Konstancja Brzezinski from the “Polish Livland” =   Livonia). 

I search for all information about the village MIEZONKA where my grandfather was born on 23 April 1898 either 1897 or 23 April 1900; at present Belarus’, the  Bjalynicy (= Belynichi) region in the Mahileu (= the Mogilev province) "oblast"; the village is situated among grand forest and southwards was big marsh - Miezonka was at a  territory of the Radzivill enormous estates before A.D. 1840; this search means a lot to me. 

The Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party conducted a contraband of weapon from Russia to Austria - Hungary at the beginning of the 20th century keeping in touch with Josef Pilsudski (b. 1867) and that track went out from Petersburg among other things across Miezonka and Lodz (the Tuvim street) in the direction to Galicia; a certain family from Lodz involved with this activity occupied quarters in Miezonka (among other  things) all over the first World War and thus they became a technolators of aviation and the basis of the amateurish movement of an aviation sports in Lodz after 1920; 

the Polish school of Berazino precinct was here in 1918; farm - houses in Borovina and Miezonka estates were burned down and sequestered by the Soviets in November 1918  and many perished; displacement at Ural and Siberia (the governments of Perm and Omsk) from thence in winter 1928/29; the Roman Catholic chapel was here on the German  map of 1941. The Konstantynowiczs survived and got through to date at Белыничи (= Bia³ynicze, Bielynicze, Belinichi, Belynitchi, Belynichi, Bialyniczy) region,  for example  LARYS Konstantynowicz, a pupil at the Starosjelo / Starossalje primary school in 2007 and similarly at the Asipovicy region: a pupil at the Tatarkov primary school,   ALJAKS Konstantynowicz.  Starosjelo / Starossalje close to Klewka and Karytniza / Korytnica village; NE of Miezonka and near by Olschanez: welcome to my maps of the  Berezino region. 

Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Orlov-Denisov, Bagrationi, Paszkovsky, Siedych, Armand, Demonets in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia


There was a certain Konstantinovich branch from Russia in the Congress Poland after exile to Siberia (the exile to  Irkutsk in 1864). Next they lived near by Makov and thereafter Ciechanov at the end of the 19th cent. and derived from  Patrycjusz Konstantinovich + Anastazja nee Mierzejevski. Gavryla Konstantinovich born c. 1810 was father of Patrycjusz  and  Zenon, I think. The document relating to the grant of a certain estate upon this Konstantinovich branch (territory of them  was situated at the border on Russia) was in Mikashovka vicarage till 1945. 

Comment about the Polish emigration to Russia  

Polish emigration to Russia go back to very remote epoches id est in the Tver province in the 15th cent. during duke Michal Borysovich and  king Casimir IV Jagiellonian, and also in the Kursk and Orel governments and in neighbourhood of Kharkov, in basin of Kharkov river and  Lopania - Doniec tributary. During the power struggles over the succession, the "False Demetrius" (1605 - 1608), a polit. adventurer posing as  the son of the Tsar, arrived with Pol. assistance on the scene following famine and unrest; 1605 Pol. troops occupied Moscow and again 1610 -  1612, and also in the "Time of Troubles" (1605 - 1613) entire stream of Polish and Lithuanian rovers and Cossackes of Zarucki spilt to  Astrakhan, Jaik, Tula and Archangel. A lots of noble ancestries in Russia carried Polish surnames, as Butkievich, Cholevinski, Tomashevski Jakimovich, Dobrovolski, Teodorovski, Telakovski, Sviecicki and admitted Polish origin. A Siberian chronicles from the 17th cent. included  mentions about the Polish, e.g.: Czernikowski (i.e. Chernicovski) - clerk in Ust'huta (i.e. Ust Kut) by Lena river, and next he was head of Albazin  area (basin of Amur) i.e. Daurien region; functionary Jerzy Krzyzanowski (Krzyshanovski) in Okhotsk. Jan (Ivan) Bialobocki, Polish nobleman  from  a Przemysl region, son of Polish colonel, arrived in Moscow A.D. 1681 and next he worked in Russian diplomacy e.g. in China. Prof. V.  Kluchevskij wrote on Polish, Ukrainian and Lithuanian teachers in tsar court in the 17th cent. (e.g. Szymon Polocki). We know about a court  painters: Stanislaw Lopucki, Jan Mirowski et ceteri, about Polish musicians in Russian court: Jerzy Proskurowski, Jan Kolendo, Mikolaj  Dylecki from Vilna, Bogdan Zawalski, Kazimierz Wasilewski, Szymon Gutowski in 1667 at alii according to Prof. Janusz Tazbir. Polish  customs prevailed over Russian one at the tsarist court under Fiodor III Aleksandrovich (1676 - 1682) and his wife Agafia Gruszecki, Polish  noblewoman from the Smolensk government. The Kiev Orthodox Academy was determined as Polish - Latinized until 1742. Polish - Ukrainian  architect Ivan Zarudny acted in Moscow, and Lazarz Baranowicz from Chernigov who had published a lot of Polish books in Novgorod  Seversky

Michail Zyzykin, moved to Poland in 1929, in Warsaw, but escaped from Russia in 1921.
Michail Walerianowicz Zyzykin, studied in Moscow, married to Barbara Riapalov / Warwara Iwanowna Riapalow, with 2 children; they lived in the Tver province to 1921, then in Turkey, Roma, Bulgaria in Sofia - 1924.
Antoni Chrapowicki, the late head of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, given support the activities of Michail Zyzykin in 1924.
Walerian Zyzykin was son of Barbara Riapalov / Warwara Iwanowna Riapalow; he married Natalia and they was living in Lodz. Natalia Iwanowna co-operated with Ms Budryn and Zenia Iwanow [Konstantynowicz ?]. Zyzykin with grandparents and 3 children escaped from Lodz to Austria, Dorfpark in 1944. Walerian Michajlowicz back to Lodz; but in 1945 again moved to Dorfpark; Tatiana Zyzykin was born 1940, married Sulkowska, and lived in Lodz.
The Zyzykin family moved to Paris and Geneva / Genewa; then to Argentina.
In Lodz reactivated in 1950, with the efforts of Archimandrite Stefan, Father Strukov, Berezovsky, Ivanov, Andreyev, and Epstein, the Russian Cultural-Educational Association, former club.
The spectacles were directed by MICHAL KONSTANTYNOWICZ / Mikhail Konstantinovich, who escaped from Petersburg, a rector of the National Theater of Dramatic Art in Lodz. Gorski, who had just returned from Siberian exile began to publish the newspaper, with an editor-in-chief Jurjew. Religion teaches Father Mikolaj Lenczewski.

Dymitr Budryn b. 1892 in Warszawa, died in 1940 in Katyn, was the son of PIOTR BUDRYN and JULIA PAVLOV. Married Anna Krzyzanowska, daughter of Jan Krzyzanowski, Jr. and Maria ANDRUSOV.
Above Piotr Budryn b. 1857, was the son of ANNA SUVOROV.
Dymitr was the brother of NATALIA Konstantynowicz nee Budryn, b. 1889 in Pulawy, died in 1969 in Petersburg / Leningrad, married Konstantynowicz from the SMOLENSK province - NATALIA'S husband was born in 1888 in Yartsevo, the Smolensk Oblast, and was the son of ZYGMUNT Konstantynowicz b. 1851, died in 1906 in SMOLENSK.

Just after the Partitions of Poland (1772 - 1795), the Polish abundantly poured into Russia, and a description had given Karol Lubicz  Chojecki, insurgent of Counter - Confederation of Bar (1768 - 1772); he met the Polish in exile in Kazan, Tara and Tobolsk - about here since  1733 / 1735, id est during the Pol. War of Succession, when Rus. troops forced the election of August III of Saxony, the Austro - Rus.  candidate to the throne, over Stanislas Lesczinski, the Fr. candidate. The same Chojecki met Polish exiles in Orel and Kaluga. He also met  count Beniowski in Kazan (Maurycy August Beniowski 1746 - 1786, exiled to Kamchatka in 1770, an escape to Macao in 1771). The Bar insurgents stayed in  different corners of Russia and Siberia 10.000 strong, according to S. W. Maksimow in "Siberia and exile" (among other things in Orenburg, Omsk  and  Tobolsk, where 600 insurgents got to mutiny after 1783). 

Russian historian Ogloblin described mutiny in Krasnoyarsk, where stayed the Polish, too. German historian Pallas wrote about Polish exiles  in Siberia in the 17th and 18th cent., by Lena (here numerous places: Polskaja Polana, Polskaja Pasznia, Polskaja Doroga) and Yenisei (near by Yeniseisk).  The exiles of 1794, as Judycki, Tarnowski, Domaszewski et ceteri soon adopted Russian. The Napoleon soldiers came back from Siberia to the  Congress Poland in 1815

A Polish colonies in Moscow, Kherson (since 1784), St Petersburg, Kharkov (Andrzej Dudrewicz) and Odessa (Czacki, Stanislaw Soltyk, Jozef Drzewiecki  and  Michal Walicki since 1802 and next Sobanski family, Zofia Potocki, Elzbieta Branicki; Polish villages near by Odessa: Kochanowka, Marianowka, Mazurowka,  Jablonskie, Zofiowka, Wandalinka, Stanislawka, Poniatowka, Potockie, Wielkie Potockie and Sewerynowka) appeared under of the Tsar Alexander I. At the  same  time Russian educational system was overhauled by duke Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (in 1802), priest Hieronim Stroynowski from Vilna (in  1803) and count Seweryn Potocki. Even Jozef Wybicki (1747 - 1822, leader of the Insurrection in 17944, 1795 - 1807 emigration in France) had became a  supporter of the Tsar since 1813 to his death in 1822. Not a few Poles from Belarus and Lithuania had got to choose a military service in the  Russian Army since the end of the 18th cent.: about 12.000 Polish soldiers performed a military service in Russian Army in 1794, but only  3.000  in 1795. Two regiments, Polish and Tartar - Lithuanian (with colonel Jakub Mustafa Baranowski, general in 1812), had organized just in 1797,  and five regiments in 1807: the Volhynia regiment, Lubnie one, Tartaran, Lithuanian and Polish. We can to estimate total of the Polish in  Russian Army in 1812 - about 4500 Polish volunteers in all army (generally about 500 Polish officers: in the 1st West Army and 2nd Russian West Army served  244 officers from Byelorussian governments and from Ukraine, e.g. Wladyslaw Branicki son of Ksawery, colonel in 1812; colonels: Karol Kunicki, Ulan - Polanski from  Lithuania and Leon Skorulski from Lithuania, too; major Jan Chlewinski from Ukraine) according to Jaroslaw Czubaty.  

New waves of Polish exiles were getting to pour into Russia and Siberia after plots of Walerian Lukasinski (1819 - 1823) and the Filaret Society  (1817 - 1823): Adam Mickiewicz, Zan, Jan Czeczot (born 1796 or 1797 - died 1847, exiled to Russian inland, discharged in 1841), Jezewski and Prof. Jozef  Kowalewski - orientalist in Mongolia and China; Alexander Chodzko - next in Persia; Jan Witkiewicz in Turkestan. 

At the same time with shutdown of the Vilna University (in 1831) and College of Krzemieniec, opened up, activated Polish law and theological  faculties in Moscow and St Petersburg, and next started off influx of Poles. At University of Kharkov lectured: Dudrewicz vice-chancellor, Jan  Krynski - zoologist, A. Walicki - Hellenic scholarship, Grzegorz Hreczyn - mathematician, Alexander Mickiewicz - brother of Adam, poet - author of "Law Encyclopedia"; the Kharkov College: Jozef Korzeniowski - director and novelist. In the Odessa Richelieu College: Wladyslaw Jurgiewicz - historian. Prof. Wladyslaw Dybowski (1838 - 1910, brother of Benedykt) lectured at University of Dorpat (Tartu) till 1878. The  Universities of Moscow, Kharkov and Kazan were created on Polish educational models. 

Large exile after the November Insurrection 1830 - 1831: Siberia (in Omsk stayed priest Sierocinski and doctor Szokalski organized a Siberian  plot with  Dzurdzylowski i.e. Dshurdshylovski, Jablonowski at 60, Zagorski), Russia and Caucasus. At the same time, poor and slight nobility from Belarus  and  Lithuania was exiled 54000 strong (without recruits) only in 1832 - 1849and again after 1863. Just then Piotr Wysocki organized a plot  in  Aleksandrovsk near by Irkutsk (Piotr Wysocki 1797 - 1874, leader of the November Insurrection 1830 - 1831, exiled into Siberia 1832 - 1857, discharged in 1857);  a  plot of Rufin Piotrowski and his escape from Irbyt, through Archangel, Petersburg, Riga to Konigsberg and Paris (he left a diary). Besides   Polish  scientists - exiles in Siberia: colonel Aszewski in Altay mount in 1790, he researched the bees; Sawiczewski behind the Lake Baikal  in the  Middle Siberia; Morawski in the West Siberia - produced cedar oil; the others introduced prime wheat in East Siberia; Budeskul or  Buldeshul  owned big farm here; W. Godlewski; Bronislaw Pilsudski (b. 1866 - d. 1918, brother of Jozef, exiled to Sakhalin in 1887, he worked in Vladivostok  museum since  1899 till 1906, discharged 1906); Benedykt Dybowski (1833 - 1930, leader of conspiracy in Warsaw 18662 - 1864, convicted in 1864 and exiled into the  East Siberia by  the Lake Baikal 1865 - 1879, Kamchatka 1879 - 1883, exempted from Siberia in 1884); Alexander Piotr Czekanowski (b. 1833 - d. 1876, exiled into  Siberia after  1863,  expedition by Amur river 1871 - 1875); Jan Czerski (1845 - 1892, exiled into Siberia 1864 - 1871 and next expedition into the East Siberia 1871 -  1883,  Petersburg 1886 - 1890, again in Siberia 1891 - 1892 where died); M. Witkowski (exiled into Siberia); Waclaw Sieroszewski (1858 - d. 1945, exiled into  Siberia in  1879, he lived in the Yakutsk region for 12 years, travelled a lot of after 1900). 

Enormous wave after uprising in 1863 - 1864 was largest of everything.  

Many of them in Siberia ("The overall number of persons exiled from the  Kingdom of Poland, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine for participation in the uprising of  1863-64 reached 36.459. Between 1863 and 1868 these exiles were assigned to  locations throughout the empire, with between 18.000 and 24.000 going to Siberia"  according to Andrew Gentes; 18.623 persons exiled into Siberia according to W.  Sieroszewski; it were exiled - regular exile mainly to Tomsk, Tobolsk and Irkutsk  governments, life hard labour and penal military service - in all to Siberia about 30.000  or  38.000 persons according to anothers sources; other search: after the January  Insurrection 1863 / 5 all in all exiled - since spring of 1863 by middle of 1866 - 33.958 Poles;  according to Russian Home Office exiled 36.958 (among others about  10.000 to European governments) persons: 5.010 to penal military service, over 22.000  Polish  exiles  had gone on over Ural mount but only 6.515 - 10.000 throughout  Tobolsk into Middle and East Siberia since May 1863 by 01 April 1866; throughout  Krasnoyarsk proceeded  on into the East Siberia only about 6.000 persons; in the West  Siberia at that time 10.898 Poles settled themselves by July 1867; a Siberian archives  demonstrated over 21.000  settlers i.e. life hard labour, military service under arrest and  regular exiles, and together with a members of families - nearly 30.000, according to   Polish governor of Tobolsk, A. I. Despot - Zenowicz = Zenovich; according to  Semen Kowal from Irkutsk of 1966: 22.000 Poles - settlers in Siberia 1863 / 1869,  among others 524 exiles in 1863 and 10.649 in 1864),  

others in European  Russia. It had gone on 35 battles against Russians in White Russia during  the  January Insurrection, and otherwise 237  battles in Lithuania  A.D. 1863 - 1864. In the area of former Kingdom of Poland and ex-Grand  duchy of Lithuania on the whole about 400  persons were punished  to  death (e.g. Konstanty Kalinowski 1838 - 1864, had organized a plot in the Hrodnaa  region 1861 and a conspiracy in Vilna 1862, leader of  uprising in Belarus and  Lithuania 1863, shot in 1864; Alexander Waszkowski 1841 - 1865, leader of the January  Insurrrection, arrested in December 1864, had died 1865)  and also 4000 to life  hard labour in Siberia (Bronislaw Szwarce 1834 - 1904, leader of conspiracy, arrested in December of 1862 and gaoled in Shlisselburg, next  exiled into Siberia till  1891), 700 (or 5.010 according to other source) to penal military service; there were confiscated 1800 noble estates only in White  Russia and  Lithuania; Polish language expeled from offices in Belarus in 1863. It were compulsive displaced about 250.000 in the Congress  Poland,  Lithuania and White Russia. About 30.000 persons in all died in the area of former Poland and Grand duchy of Lithuania during the  January  Insurrection. Besides about 10.000 emigrated to West. 

The exiles set off an incompetent Baikal rebellion near by Irkutsk in 1866.  

At first D. Bociarski,  Wieliczko,  Wojszwillo and Czerniewski made up a plot in Tobolsk in May 1863, and W. Lewandowski, G. Waszkiewicz,  G.  Samborski, B.  Dybowski, Pawel Landowski, Antoni Grabowski, Z. Minejko, W. Hryncewicz - Hryniewicz, I. Jamont, I. Gajbulin and L.  Zychlinski (Shychlinski)  attached in 1864. M. Shaba (Zaba), K. Sosulicz, Mieduniecki, Dubowik and clerk Karpinski acted in Tobolsk, Kurghan,  Ishym, Tiumen, Irkutsk  and Narym. Halicki, Dmuchowski, Downar, Orlowski, Tombowski and Haraburda in Jalutorowsk; they were in touch  with Mokrzycki from  Vilna, Rodziewicz in Riazan and W. Gromadzki in Omsk. The organization moved to Tomsk and Z. Minejko - Strumillo,  A. Bonasewicz,  Arcimowicz, Waszkiewicz and Zarembski here acted; there were 6.000 exiles in 1865 and 3.000 settlers in the Tomsk  government. Besides they  moved to Omsk at the beginning of 1865 and to Irkutsk (Rutkowski and priest Pukien). The Baikal Organization in  Irkutsk created in July 1865: E.  Andreoli, J. Dworzaczek, madam Bninski; in Nerchinsk mine: Mejsztowicz and Studzinski ("many worked as  clerks for the Nerchinsk administration, for  example; there is a roster of the exactly 100 Poles assigned to the Irkutsk Saltworks in August 1864 which shows that half were  working as common laborers, while the other  half were employed as foremen, cooks and carpenters", according to Andrew Gentes); in Czeremcha: Janusz Tur,  Ignacy Wieczernicki and Ignacy  Warnachowski; in Krasnoyarsk and Rybinsk since September 1865 acted: Szlenkier, Landowski, Ratynski,  Mikolaj Serno - Solowiewicz; besides  P. Landowski, doctor Zaleski, M. Serno - Solowiewicz (after), Karol Nowakowski, K. Arcimowicz, N.  Celinski and A. Glowacki stayed in Kansk  -  1.400 Poles were here. At the same time Z. Minejko, G. Waszkiewicz and A. Okinczyc escaped   from  Tomsk. W. Lewandowski (next under arrest)  was appointed the chief of the Baikal organization with his staff: Serno - Solowiewicz (or  Solovjevich, died 14 February 1866), P. Landowski (next    under arrest), Sielski, I. Sulinski (Russian spy), J. Szlenkier (under arrest in January 1866) and K.  Michalowski - Malicki (weak in conspiracy in Irkutsk).   

They played a large part in conspiracy in Irkutsk in 1866: K. Michalowski - Malicki, Kostrzewski, Z.  Odrzywolski, G.   Szaramowicz,   Dzierzanowski, W. Pankowski, N. Celinski, K. Arcimowicz, I. Reinar, L. Eljaszewicz, E. Wronski, K.  Nowakowski and J.  Dworzakowski  (Dworzaczek, I think). At the time 2.367 Polish exiles stayed in Irkutsk, among others 2.040 on life hard  labour at the end of 1865.  A lot of life  exiles arrived at the beginning of 1866 (3.000 in all in April 1866). A branches of the Baikal plots: 1. the  Akatujsk mine: M. Rytter, W.  Tworowski,  M. Czechowicz, M. Cwiklinski in 1865; 2. the Nerchinsk = Nertschinsk mine and near by Tschita =  Chita: F. Sokolowski, E.  Ostrowski, K.  Lichtanski, M. Ososko, M. Szlezenger; 3. the Alexandrovsk factory: J. Ohryzko, Dworzaczek, S.  Pszybylko (Przybylko ?) and K.  Michalowski; 4. Usolsk factory and Ust - Kut plant: Kazimierz Arcimowicz (next in Irkutsk), G. Szaramowicz; 5.  Listwjeniczna village by the Lake Baikal (L.  Eljaszewicz) and Kultuk village near by Baikal (Arcimowicz with pseud. Kwiatkowski and also Zarembski).  The Tsar had made the  Amnesty Act on April  16th, 1866 but however the Baikal Insurrection had broken out on June 24th, 1866 / July 07th,  1866 in Kultuk village  near by the Lake Baikal;  commanded: Gustaw Szaramowicz chief in Murino and Mishicha (besides N. Celinski, J.  Reinar, Eljaszewicz, Wronski Kotkowski i.e. W. Kostkowski,  Dzierzanowski, Moszynski, Zaleski and Kostrzewski) villages and Arcimowicz in Kultuk, 721  exiles in all.
The uprising had fallen down c. August 07th, 1866 /
August 20th, 1866 after 44 days; it were convicted 680 exiles, and G.  Szaramowicz, N.  Celinski, W. Kostkowski (Kotkowski ?) and J. Rajnert (i.e. Reinar) were shot down in Irkutsk on  November 14th, 1866. It was last in the long  succession of Polish noble insurrections in the Age of Enlightenment and the epoch of romanticism and it  ended up with defeat and disaster  like of previous rebellions, i.e. in 1768/72, 1794, 1830/31, 1846, 1848, 1863/65, without victorious uprising of  1806 in the Poznan province. Successive insurrection of 1918 also in the Poznan region ended in full victory. A second  amnesty in 1868 allowed  the  majority of insurgents to return home or at least transfer from Siberia to locations in European Russia. When in 1881 Alexander III announced a third amnesty, Western  Siberia had a population of only 1.100 insurgents, while only a couple dozen were still living in Eastern Siberia
(see also Andrew Gentes)


We stayed in 

St Petersburg and Moscow

"Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Co." 

abbreviated as 

DEKA 

Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - Sandro / Sasho was a key figure in the development of the Russian  air force; well-bred in

Georgia  /  საქართველო  /   Sakartvelo  

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich born 13 / 25 October 1832 in Peterhof, Field Marshal and on December 6, 1862 was appointed governor in the Caucasus and commander the Caucasian Army, with all rights chief of the army to July 23, 1881. Initiator of the compilation of the 'Caucasian Collection', published in Tiflis in 1876-1912. In marriage he had six sons and one daughter, among others Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro), b. 01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France: Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia, on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies. Mason, and called himself Philalethes. Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages: 1886 - 1889 made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals. In 1892 he commanded the destroyer 'Revel', in 1895, was a senior officer of a battleship and in 1899, on the battleship 'Admiral Apraksin', then transferred to the Black Sea Fleet, where he commanded the battleship 'Rostislav'. With the beginning of the 1st World War, in fact, led the fleet of Russia. In 1915, Admiral, with the December 1916 field inspector - general of military aircraft; after February 1917 was in the Crimea, and in 1919 went into exile. Since 1903 an honorary member of the Nikolaev Naval Academy, was also the chairman of the Eng. Technical Society. In exile, was the honorary chairman of the Union of Russian military pilots and he was the patron of the National Organization for Russian scouts. He was in France in 1909 and next established the Volunteer Aerial Association under his presidency (All Russian Aero Club) and set up the first military aviation school in Sebastopol in 1909 or 1910 - finally formed at Sevastopol (Sebastopol) for the winter 1912 and in Gatchina for the summer 1912; near to Russian military intelligence. The Duke, Freemason, Vice-Admiral was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Russian  Military Air Fleet  in 1914 or 1915  and  he  became Inspector of Aviation; aide-de-camp to Nicholas II, an old friend of the Tsar and  married to  his sister Xenia.


1892

At the beginning Louis Franzevich Dyuflon founded technical office in the 2nd half of the 19th century in Moscow. L. Duflon / Dyuflon and Apollon Konstantynowicz acted in the St. Petersburg branch of the 'Breguet' Company

(A. Konstantynowicz / Apollon Konstantinovich / Constantinovich for the Breguet Moscow branch).
At present the Montres Breguet SA is a member company of the Swatch Group of western Switzerland in L'Abbaye (L'Abbaye is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne). It was founded by

Abraham-Louis Breguet in Paris in 1775.

Abraham-Louis Breguet or Bréguet b. 10 January 1747 and died on 17 September 1823, born in Neuchātel, Switzerland. Originally Prussian Abraham Louis Breguet began his career as a watchmaker but also a physicist.

His son Louis-Antoine Breguet. His ancestry was French but his family were Protestants so they fled to Switzerland after Edict of Nantes in 1685. He met

Abraham-Louis Perrelet and Xavier Gide.

In 1795 Breguet returned to Paris. Circa 1807 Breguet brought in his son, Louis-Antoine (born 1776) as a business partner, and from this point the firm became known as Breguet et Fils. He sent his son to London to study with the great English chronometer maker,

John Arnold.



Abraham-Louis Breguet died in 1823 and it was carried on by Louis-Antoine to 1833 (he died in 1858), and after the business continued under Abraham-Louis' grandson


Louis Franēois Clément Breguet born on 22 Dec. 1804

in Paris.



Louis Francois Clement Breguet work in the early days of

telegraphy, educated in Switzerland. Louis Franēois Clément Breguet

was a French physicist, "1835 and 1840 he standardized the company product line of watches, ... and diversified into scientific instruments, electrical devices, recording instruments, an electric thermometer, telegraph instruments and electrically synchronized clocks

(Masson, Antoine Philibert and Louis Breguet in 1841 ed. 'Memoire sur l'induction', Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris, 4 (3), p. 129-152; Masson describes the toothed wheels that functioned as an interrupter).

With

Alphonse Foy, in 1842 he developed an electrical needle telegraph to replace the optical telegraph system ... and a later step-by-step telegraph system in 1847 ... manufactured the rotating mirror Fizeau-Foucault apparatus ... and 'spark coil'

(archaically known as an inductorium or Ruhmkorff coil after Heinrich Ruhmkorff)

is a type of electrical transformer used to produce high-voltage pulses ... were widely used in

x-ray machines, spark-gap radio transmitters, arc lighting and quack medical electrotherapy devices from the 1880s to the 1920s ... lighting Geissler tubes ... Tesla coils...".

Alphonse Foy informed Morse that his system would not be accepted in France. He also requested Louis Francois Breguet (b. 1804), grandson of Abraham Louis Breguet to produce an electrical telegraph with needles in France. The resulting Breguet - Foy telegraph used two needles. It was first tried in 1842. In 1842 tests were made with optical telegraph at night. In 1845 test of electrical telegraph was made along the railway route, the Breguet two - needle telegraph, too.

As a result the Breguet equipment was installed in 1845 on the Paris-Rouen route. Breguet replaced his telegraph also called the French telegraph, which was standard equipment on French railways and L. Breguet in 1851 had in Paris a fourth floor added to his building for this work.

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter);
Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others).
Note: Winnie Buller b. in Bacton, Norfolk, receives pilot's license from Breguet School at Douia, France.

In Russia, St Petersburg - Moscow electrical telegraph line was established as the first; in 1853 a line to Kronstadt, 1854 to Warsaw. The Russian state telegraph network of 11000 km was constructed by Siemens - Carl Siemens - in the period 1853 - 1855. 1863 to Tbilisi in Georgia upon the initiative of Grigola Orbeliani, d. 1883. 1860 to Sweden from Russia.

"...The first electromagnetic telegraph created a Russian scientist Paul L. Schilling in 1832. ... Paul Schilling also developed the original code in which each letter of the alphabet corresponded to a specific combination of symbols that might appear with black and white circles on the telegraph ... the electromagnetic telegraph was built in Germany - Carl Gauss and Wilhelm Weber (1833), in the UK - Cooke and Wheatstone (1837), and the U.S. patented electromagnetic telegraph S. Morse in 1837. ... In Russia, the P. L. Schilling continued B. Jacobi, built in 1839 writer telegraph...".
Paul L. Schilling / Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling / Schilling von Kannstadt / Schilling von Cannstatt b. 1786 in Tallinn and died 1837 in St. Petersburg, diplomat, electrical engineer and inventor, the Baltic German origin, who built a pioneering electrical telegraph.


Sir Charles Wheatstone b. 1802, an English scientist and inventor: the stereoscope Playfair cipher for an encryption technique ("...it was used by the militaries of several nations through at least World War I, and is known to have been used during World War II by British intelligence services. It was initially resistant to cryptanalysis...", acc. to Marks, Leo, Between Silk and Cyanide. New York 1998), Wheatstone bridge, telegraph; in 1835 he lectured on the system of Baron Schilling, and the five-needle telegraph was similar to that of Schilling; the Breguet telegraph was similar in many ways to the Wheatstone model. It was simply built and adhered to basic engineering principles.

In 1917, after Russian revolution, cryptographers took the counterrevolution side. Soviet Government used both tsar and revolutionary ciphers. In 1921, a special department was founded by the government, for exploitation of ciphers. Andrei Andreevich Markov gave a classification of ciphers which do not propagate distortions. Aleksandr Osipovich Gelfond investigated the complexity of the discrete logarithm problem. Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (1903‑1987), graduated of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1925, acc. to Valentin A. Nosov.
By 1860 large codes were in common use for diplomatic communications, and cipher systems had become a rarity for this application. The invention of telegraph and radio pushed forward the development of cryptographic protection of telecommunications, acc. to https://www.cryptochallenge.com/home/history.
The British scientist Sir Charles Wheatstone b. 1802, developed the Playfair Code, a table system that was easy to use.
Friedrich W. Kasiski developed a cryptanalysis method in 1863. In 1883, the French teacher and writer Auguste Kerckhoffs set forth six basic requirements of cryptography. He formulated procedures for long-term diplomatic codes. In 1917, the Americans formed the cryptographic organization MI-8, with Herbert Osborne Yardley as the director. The ADFGVX system was put into service by the Germans near the end of World War One. This was a cipher which performed a substitution, fractionation and then transposition of the letter fractions. It was broken by the French cryptanalyst, Lieutenant Georges Painvin.

Acc. to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_cryptography, "Ernst Fetterlein was in the Tzarist Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1896, and solved German, Austrian and British codes. He was eventually made chief cryptographer. ... 1917 he fled to Britain, and was recruited to Room 40 in June 1918 to work on Austrian, Bolshevik, and Georgian codes. The Russians used an overly complicated version of the Vigenere Cipher... The French Army employed Georges Painvin, and Etienne Bazeries..., on German ciphers...".

Acc. to I. I. Rengarten we read on a number of important additional information about the activities of Russian radio intelligence service in fall of 1914. Thus, in early October 1914 at the headquarters of the fleet were found approaches to disclosure of existing German ciphers, and in the second half of November 1914, fully decrypted code 'gamma - alpha', introduced on October 7, 1914, that led to a successful reading of the German fleet ciphers, and were read so well many previously adopted radiograms. The Baltic Fleet initiated the establishment of a special coastal radio station that would resolve problems of intelligence signals, with support and guidance of the Naval General Staff. In February 1915, the Minister of Marine decided to organize the Southern District of the Baltic Sea stations, with three officers (chief radio, 2 assistants) and 50 privates. In the spring of 1915 this station was organized on the southern coast of the Gulf near Cape Shpitgamn. Order of the Commander of the fleet number 308 of March 19, 1915, appointed as chief, Lieutenant P. A. Kolokoltsov. Later, in July 1915, P. A. Kolokoltsov replaced V. P. Przhilentsky / Przylencki, who served in the office until 1917; during February - April 1915 on the radio were appointed Lieutenant D. P. Izmalkov, V. I. Markov, O. O. Proffit and I. M. Yamchenko. According to experts in the field of radio intelligence, the radio station has successfully solved all the tasks assigned to it. It should be noted that in the decryption Bureau, with naval experts also participated representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In July 1915, were appointed Y. Pavlovich / Павлович and Б. Орлов / B. Orlov. And in early 1916, when appeared the first serious problems with deciphering of the German radio messages, caused by the introduction of new ciphers and a new signal book, here was specially sent one of the leading cryptologist E. Fetterleyn, with co-operation of the British radio intelligence service, sharing the most confidential information on signals intelligence and cryptanalysis. A documents suggest about such contacts with specialists of the French decryption service, by the beginning of the campaign in 1915; introduced on March 8, 1915 the new German code gamma - alpha was discovered two days later, a work headed by the radiotelegraphic officer I. I. Rengarten.
Ernst Constantin Fetterlein was born in St Petersburg in 1873 d. 1944, was a Russian cryptographer. The son of Karl Fedorovich Fetterlein, a German-language tutor, and Olga Fetterlein, née Meier. "She was almost certainly Jewish and so Ernst can certainly be counted as of Jewish origin". Above named Karl was a German-language instructor at the Saint Petersburg Military-Judicial Institute and director at the Imperial Public Library ca 1900.

Carl F. Fetterleyn or Karl Fedorovich Fetterlein born 1828 in Riga and died on 16.06.1902 in Gapsal / Haapsalu / Hapsala / Haapsal, Estonia (check Pushkin and von Gernet and Dunkel Baltic German families); was librarian; son of Prussian actor, until 1858 he studied at Tartu University, arriving to St. Petersburg, 1859 began teach at the 1st military Gymnasium / 1st Cadet Corps, to 1878.

The Pavlovsky Military School, since 1880. The friend of Schilder and M. Korf (for collecting materials about the life and reign of Nicholas I), also S. N. Urusov and I. D. Delianov. Actively participated in the work of F. and N. K. Schilder on collecting materials on the reign of Alexander I. He was closest assistant of M. A. Korf; the friend of Vladimir Stasov.
By L. A. Shilov for the National Library of Russia, 2011-2013. Ernst Constantin Fetterlein in 1896 joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and became the chief cryptologist. Ernst was a cryptanalyst under Tsar Nicholas in his 'Black Cabinet' and reached the equivalent rank of admiral. During World War I, he was known as Ernst Popov; he solved German, Austrian and British codes. In 1917, Ernst Constantin Fetterlein fled to Western Europe with his wife on board a Swedish ship. He contacted the British and French intelligence services and on 9 March 1918 a letter to the Director of Naval Intelligence, Rear-Admiral Reginald Hall, the British naval attache in Helsingfors / Helsinki, from Captain W. H. Cromie in Petrograd, described Fetterlein as 'a cipher clerk in the Russian Foreign Office for twenty-five years' who came 'highly recommended'. Fetterlein began work for the British intelligence in June 1918; he was recruited to Room 40 to work on Georgian, Austrian and Bolshevik codes. After the end of World War I, he worked for the Government Code and Cypher School - worked on Soviet Communist traffic; his brother, P. K. Fetterlein, also worked for the Government Code and Cypher School.
See: Victor Madeira, 2004; Ralph Erskine, 2004; Stephen Budiansky, 2000; Michael Smith; Thomas R. Hammant; David Kahn and Budiansky, 2000.
Acc. to: A. V. Sinel'nikov, 'Codes and Russian revolutionaries': By the beginning of the World War I Russia had the strongest in the world decryption service, and some of its employees as a result of all the troubles were after October 1917 in the Entente countries. But we know that in the early 1920s, the Russian section of the British decryption service taken Ernest Fetterleyn, since 1897 leading cryptanalyst for the Committee of tsarist Foreign Ministry, in reading a diplomatic correspondence of hostile states. His superior was V. Sabanin.

A note on the Gernet family from Estland / Estonia:

Natalie Praskowia Rehbinder b. 1796 died 1862, her father Peter Woldemar Rehbinder b. 1757 d. 1823; her husband Alexander August von Gernet b. 1786 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia and died on October 5, 1865 in Lehhola. Lehola is a settlement in Keila Parish, Harju County in northwestern Estonia, 15 km south-west of Harku, and 18 km west of Saku. His father Carl Gustav von Gernet b. 1747 died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia.

Brothers of above Aleksander Gernet: Georg Gustav von Gernet 1780 - 1846, Wilhelm Adolf von Gernet 1792 - 1867, Karl Johann von Gernet 1776 who died on November 8, 1857 in Lauenhof, Podrala, Valdamaa / Valgamaa County, Estland / Estonia.


Son of above Karl Johann Gernet: Karl Jakob Rudolf von Gernet 1826 died April 20, 1912 in Hapsal / Haapsalu, Estonia. His brother: Magnus Friedrich von Gernet 1824 died October 22, 1909 in Reval / Tallinn, Estonia - and his son:
Rudolf Jakob von Gernet was born 1864 and died in 1944.

Sergey Gernet / Сергей Павлович Гернет / Sergei Gernet:

a midshipman in the 1st Baltic Naval Depot. Sergei Pavlovich Gernet born 1859 and d. 1918; his father: Paul Bernhard Friedrich Gernet b. 1819 d. 1860. His son: Eugene S. Gernet b. in Kronstadt on October 31, 1882 d. on August 8, 1943 in Spartacus village, Pavlodar area, Kazakhstan. The captain of the 2nd rank in 1917. During the Russian-Japanese War, in the defense of Port Arthur 1904, during the First World War he served in the Black Sea 1916. Then he served in the Soviet Navy. In 1918 he commanded the squadron in Novorossiisk. Arrested in 1938, he died in exile.
Above Carl's / Karl's children: Frederick Gernet b. 1738 d. 1789, Christian Gernet b. 1740 d. 1819, Carl Gustaf Gernet b. 1747 d. 1812.
And some details of above named Sergei Gernet / Сергей Павлович Гернет born 1859 died 1918, a top member of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company from St Petersburg and Moscow and about his family:

His father Paul Berngard / Пауль Бернгард Фридрихов Гернет / v. Gernet Paul Bernhard b. 1819 d. 1860.

Son of Sergei was born on 31 October 1882 in Kronsztadt / Кронштадт, Evgenii / Евгений died 1943. His grandfather: Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783 died 1857.
And great-grandfather Christian Wilhelm Gernet b. 1740 d. 1819, and his father Carl Gottlieb Gernet b. 1700 d. 1791.

On Carl Gottlieb Gernet b. 1700 d. 1791 (Карл Готлиб Иоахимов Гернет son of Ioachim Georgiev von Gernet / Иоахим Георгиев Гернет b. 1648 d. 1710 and was grandson of Георгий Гернет / Georgij von Gernet);

Karl Gotlib sons: Fridrich / Фридрих Гернет / Eberhard Friedrich von Gernet died 1789, was born on November 26, 1738 in Lehhlola / Lehhola / Lehola in Estonia and died on July 29, 1789 in Ohtel / Ohtu, Estonia (Ohtel / Ohtu - only 3 km south - east of Lehola, near to Keila, and ca 15 / 13 km to Uksnurme);
next son born 1740 Christian Wilhelm / Христиан Вильгельм Гернет died ca 1819, born in Lehhola, Estonia - his sons: 1. Hans Moritz von Gernet born 1775 died 1860 (his son Adam Oskar von Gernet 1834 in Reval - 1908 in Reval - and his son: Moritz Nikolai Oswald von Gernet born 1867 Sallenstad - d. ?) and 2. Otto Heinrich von Gernet (1780 Reval - 1848) and 3. Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783 died 1857;
and next son born in 1747 Karl Gustaw von Gernet / Карл Густав Гернет
(Carl Gustav von Gernet born in Waikna and died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia with son Karl Iogann / Carl Iohan von Gernet - Waikna / Vaikna that is support manor of Koluvere manor, Kullamaa Parish in Läänemaa County; 38 km east of Haapsalu and also east of Kiideva, north-west-north of Parnu, 70 km circa. Note: Jula Dunkel b. 1840, from Ridala Parish, Lääne County, Estonia - her father Kustas Dunkel b. 1814 from Haeska, 7 km east of Kiideva (Gernet) and south-east of Haapsalu, about 23 km west of Vaikna)
died 1812 and his son:
1776 Karl Iogann Gernet / Гернет died 1857 and his son: 1824 Fridrich Magnus / Фридрих Магнус Гернет died 1909; and his son: b. 07 August 1878 Adam Richard Ernst / Адам Рихард Эрнст Гернет died 1944;

about above Adam R. E. Gernet: Cushima 1905, 1910 Nikolaevskaya Morskaya Akademia, 1913 captain 2nd class, 1939 in Germany;
the brother of Carl Gottlieb Gernet b. 1700: Wilhelm Henrich / Вильгельм Генрих Гернет born 1703 died 1772 - his son:

1741 Hristophor / Христофор Вильгельмов Гернет died 1794 - sons of Hristophor:

1782 Reinholdt / Рейнгольд Христофоров Гернет d. 1832 and 1791 Ferdinand / Фердинанд Христофоров died 1852; 1795 Hristophor Hristophorovich / Христофор Христофорович Гернет died 1865 - and his son: 1835 Aleksandr / Александр Христофорович Гернет d. 1893 - and his children: Natalia / Наталья Александровна and Vladymir / Владимир Александрович Гернет b. 1870 d. 1929 - his wife and daughter: Elena Alekseevna Zerebko-Rotmistrenko / Елена Алексеевна b. 1864 d. 1937, daughter b. 1899 in Odessa, Nina Vladymirovna Gernet b. 1899 d. 1982 - about Nina: her son Erik Michailovich Rausch-Gernet / Эрик Рауш - Гернет, her husbands: Michail Sale / Михаил Салье b. 1899 and from 1923 married to Michail Rausch-Traubenberg / Рауш фон Траубенберг b. 1904.

Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin b. 1892, was a Swedish businessman and inventor of encryption machines. Born of Swedish parents in Azerbaijan; father Karl Wilhelm Hagelin worked for Ludvig and Emanuel / Emmanuel Nobel in Baku (Karl Hagelin was closest advisor for Emmanuel, because Wilhelm Hagelin, his father, had been employed by Ludvig Nobel as a manager of the St. Petersburg factory; 1899, Karl Hagelin was called back to St. Petersburg, like Emmanuel's closest technical advisor), and next was an investor in the Arvid Gerhard Damm's company - Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, established to sell rotor machines, acc. to Wikipedia.
See: Smith, Francis O. J., The Secret Corresponding Vocabulary..., ed. in Portland; Shannon, A Mathematical Theory of Communication. Bell System..., ed. in 1948; Damm Arvid G., Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, ed. 1922; Boris C. W. Hagelin became first a director and later the owner of the Cryptograph Company, next the Cryptographe Technik and then the Crypto A. G. in the 1960s.
Crypto AG is a Swiss company specialising in communications and information security. With headquarters in Steinhausen ... Crypto AG was established in Bern by Russian-born Swede, Boris Hagelin. Originally called AB Cryptoteknik and founded by Arvid Gerhard Damm in Stockholm in 1920, the firm manufactured the C-36 mechanical cryptograph machine that Damm had patented.
After Damm's death ... Cryptoteknik came under the control of Boris Hagelin, an early investor (1921, Boris Hagelin developed his first cipher machine whilst working for crypto-company Damm in Sweden; 1935 he produced a fully mechanical machine under his own brand name A. B. Ingeniorsfirman Teknik in Sweden).
It was the first of a long line of mechanical cipher machines. Shortly before WWII, he developed the M-209 for the American Army. After the war the company moved to Switzerland where they traded as Hagelin Cryptos. Acc. to: http://www.cryptomuseum.com/crypto/hagelin/), and during the War essentially operated in the United States ... In the early 1950s, it was transferred from Stockholm to Zug (close to Luzern / Lucerna) ... and was incorporated in Switzerland in 1952. Crypto AG has a sister company, InfoGuard AG (InfoGuard AG, a member of 'The Crypto Group', has specialised in providing comprehensive information security for more than 130 countries), acc. to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crypto_AG.
Boris Hagelin had created the 'Hagelin-machine', a encryption device similar to the German 'Enigma' (Charles Babbage, b. 1791, an English polymath, had recommendations from James Ivory and John Playfair, achieved notable results in cryptography, 1850s Babbage broke Vigenere's autokey cipher; Friedrich Kasiski, a Prussian infantry officer, made the same discovery some years later. The Enigma was an electro-mechanical rotor cypher machine used for both encryption and decryption, from the early 1920s on. Enigma was developed by Arthur Scherbius dating back to 1919. Enigma-A was offered for sale in 1923. The Swedish textile engineer Arvid Gerhard Damm, used his experience gained with Jacquard weaving machines for construction of an automatic ciphering machine and applied for a patent in 1919 for his rotory system.

But Rintu Nath, 'Dream 2047', June 2013, vol. 15, No 9, A chronicle of cryptography:
In 1918, the German inventor Arthur Scherbius and his close friend Richard Ritter developed a cryptographic machine called Enigma. Scherbius patented his cipher machine in 1918. Enigma was contained in a compact box measuring only 13,5 - 11 - 6 inches. Encryption using Enigma was based on polyalphabetic substitution method. Security of the encrypted message was based on the secret key.

1921, Boris Hagelin bringing support from the Swedish Nobel family, "...improved the cryptograph and in 1925 succeeded in getting the Swedish Army to use his Swedish product, the new prototype B-21, instead of the German Enigma". 1927 Hagelin became the owner of Aktiebologat Cryptograph. "...The B-21 had a lamp field similar to that in Enigma. In a new compact version, the C-35, the lamp field was replaced by a printer, which produced the ciphered text at a speed of three letters per second. To improve the operating comfort, the C-35 was connected to an electric typewriter, which the U.S. company Remington had just introduced. The C-35, as small as a telephone, became very successful. More than 5000 units were sold...". Hagelin in Switzerland, where in 1948 he founded Crypto AG in Zug, during the Cold War produced a ciphering unit, the TC-52, used for the red telephone line between the White House and Moscow).

The Hagelin machine was used on the side of the Allies in World War II. These included the Vatican, as well the governments of Iraq, Iran, and Libya. ... Acc. to: J. Orlin Grabbe - copyright in 1997 under J. Orlin Grabbe at web page: http://orlingrabbe.com. By Wayne Madsen, Covert Action Quarterly 63, 30 Jan 1999: "...For decades, the US has routinely intercepted and deciphered top secret encrypted messages of 120 countries. These nations had bought the world's most sophisticated and supposedly secure commercial encryption technology from Crypto AG, a Swiss company ... All the while, because of a secret agreement between the National Security Agency (NSA) and Crypto AG, they might as well have been hand delivering the message to Washington. ... The cover shielding the NSA-Crypto AG relationship was torn in March 1992...".
A. G. Damm edited the first a brochure in April 1917, he was the founder of the Company in 1916 (or 1915 by Boris Hagelin), with Wahlberg as the A. B. Cryptograph. See: General Cartier, Francois, Secrecy in Radiotelegraphy.

Estonians were also active on radio-intelligence before the Second World War. Olev Õun was a phenomenal decipherer, "...and had managed to break the latest code of the Red Army during the Polish campaign in September 1939. Unfortunately, no materials are available to support or argue the words of that high-ranking Finnish intelligence officer ... German military attache in Tallinn, Colonel Horst Rsing, evaluated the Estonian radio-intelligence against the Soviet Union as more successful than the Finnish one ... Andres Kalmus was a highly competent technical expert in radio intelligence, while Olev Õun was a talented Estonian cryptanalyst".
Arne Carl-August Beurling, b. 1905, was a Swedish mathematician and professor of mathematics at Uppsala University. "...In the summer of 1940 he single-handedly deciphered and reverse-engineered an early version of the Siemens and Halske T52 also known as the Geheimfernschreiber (secret teletypewriter) used by Nazi Germany in World War II for sending ciphered messages ... Beurling's great - grandfather was Per Henric Beurling b. 1758 / 1763, died in 1806, who founded a high quality clock factory in Stockholm in 1783". See: Lars Ulfving, The Geheimschreiber Secret. Arne Beurling and the success of Swedish signals intelligence, edited by Bo Hugemark, Probus Förlag, Stockholm 1992.
"...Swedish intelligence services in the modern sense of the word had indeed been already established in the beginning of this century. The armed forces intelligence service had increased in 1905, during the Union crises, and in the First World War. The General Staff and Naval Staff of that time both had their own signals intelligence and cryptographic units. ... The first successful attempts to break foreign cipher traffic were made in spring 1933, when they succeeded in breaking the cipher then used by the OGPU (later the KGB). These breaks into foreign military ciphers were probably the first to be made in Sweden after the First World War".

Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin b. 1892 in Adzhikent, the Elizavetpol province, now Azerbaijan, was Swedish entrepreneur, inventor of encryption devices. Developer electromechanical encryption units, (rotary machines) of Arvid Damm and mechanical cipher machines.

Founder of the Swiss company Crypto AG / Crypto A. G., which specializes in information and telecommunications security.
Above named the Elizavetpol Province / Yelizavetpol quberniya, and above Ganja / Gənce, 1804 to 1918 was called Yelizavetpol, 1935 renamed Kirovabads.
His father, Carl Wilhelm Hagelin worked as a manager in an oil company in Baku Nobel. 1899, Carl Hagelin was appointed director and moved with his family to St. Petersburg. 1915, Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin began his career in Vasteras in the Swedish electrical company ASEA, supplier of equipment for the Nobels.

Being interested in the encryption business correspondence, Carl Wilhelm Hagelin and Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel were an investors of the AB Cryptograph Company, in the production cipher machines developed Arvid Damm, like a rotary machine Electrocryptograph B-1. Boris Hagelin in 1922 was appointed to represent their interests in the company. 1925 when Damme moved to Paris to collaborate with the telegraph companies (Breguet-Brown), Boris Hagelin headed the firm.
After the death of Arvid Damm in 1927 and the death of Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 died in 1932 - a nephew of Alfred Nobel, control of the company passed to Hagelin. In 1934, the French General Staff began to develop a pocket Hagelin cipher machine.

Acc. to: http://www.branobelhistory.com/ under copyright by The Centre for Business History in Stockholm and branobelhistory.com, we read:

"...Karl Wilhelm also known as Karl Vasilievitj Hagelin was born in St. Petersburg in 1860. His parents Wilhelm Hagelin (1828-1901) and Anna Lovisa Eriksdotter (1818–1870) ... In 1861, the family moved to the Volga where his father worked for a period as a second engineer on passenger boats and towboats. ... In autumn 1870, he started at the Givochini boarding school in Nizhny Novgorod ... In 1875, thanks to a recommendation from family friend A. I. Sandström, he was accepted into the design workshop at the shipbuilding factory belonging to D. P. Shipov in Kostroma. He received his first real assignment working on the designs for a motorboat, ... and two smaller steamers ... he was employed as a mechanic at the Kaukaz & Mercury shipping company in Astrakhan, where he worked on preparing boats ... he met two Swedes, N. Qvarnström and master mechanic Westvall, with whose recommendation he was able to secure employment as a mechanic in the instrument workshop at the Nobel paraffin factory in Baku. Hagelin’s first working day at Robert Nobel's factory was on 4 April 1879. ... During his initial period in Baku (1879-1883), Wilhelm ... assisted chemist E. Tell ... When engineer Alfred Törnqvist returned from his trip to the USA and started setting up a new paraffin factory, Hagelin was given a job as a draughtsman. ... he decided to apply to the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. In order to pass the entrance exams, he took private lessons from engineer A. B. Lambert in mathematics, physics and chemistry. After two years in Sweden, he wrote to Branobel's managing director, J.G. Crusell, explaining his desire to return to Russia and take up his position again. ... Ludvig Nobel invited Hagelin to St. Petersburg. Wilhelm was given a post in the technical laboratory where he experimented with chemical processes for production of light oil fractions. ... In 1891, he was first promoted to technical director and then office manager in Baku. ... In 1900, he was recalled to St. Petersburg to replace M. J. Belyamin as the company's chairman of the board ... In 1906, he was appointed Swedish consul general in St. Petersburg (1906-1911). ... In spring 1917, Hagelin travelled to Baku, continuing onboard the K.W. Hagelin motorboat to Astrakhan ... Wilhelm left Russia and spent a year abroad, but in July 1918 he was back for a shorter visit ... The remaining directors M. Belyamin, G. Nobel and A. Belonozhkin tried at numerous meetings to solve the burning issue of how the company's trading rights and authority could be protected. Hagelin's last attempt to enter Russia via Constantinople failed and on 3 July 1920 he was forced to return to Stockholm. ...

he, together with Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859, joined the Aktiebolaget Cryptograph company under the management of Arvid Gerhard Damm (where Wilhelm's son, Boris Hagelin, also worked for a time).

In 1923, Karl Wilhelm Hagelin was elected as an honorary member of the Swedish Society of Engineers...".

Acc. to: Boris Hagelin, The Story of the Hagelin-Cryptos, Zug 1981.

Boris Hagelin was born in 1892, in Adschikent, a small summer resort. His father was a Swede, who had been born in St Petersburg in 1860. He was manager of the Nobel Company's oil fields in Baku. He had joined the company in 1879, director in 1899. Boris was living in St Petersburg 1899 to 1904. His first job, the supervision of the construction of an electric power station on one of the Nobel oil fields in Baku. Nobels had ordered the equipment from ASEA in Vastraos.
"...Emanuel Nobel was very generous towards me and financed the establishing of a small engineering office in Stockholm. During my stay in the USA I had acquired some inventions, which I developed which made me financially independent. The decisive turning point in my life came, however, when Emanuel Nobel entrusted me with the supervision of a small company which he had begun to finance in 1921 - the A.B. Cryptograph. This company was founded in 1915 with the objective to develop and manufacture ciphering machines invented by the Swedish engineer A. G. Damm. In 1925 I assumed the management of the company as well as the development of saleable products. This was a fascinating task although I did not have any knowledge of cryptography. Mr. A. G. Damm died in 1927. In 1932 the A. B. Cryptograph was liquidated and replaced by the A.B. Cryptoteknik. A.B. Cryptoteknik manufactured only mechanical and electro mechanical ciphering machines. After World War II the need for ciphered telegraph transmission became obvious. In order to be able to work without the interference of the Swedish Government - ciphering machines were at that time considered war material - I decided to move to Zug, Switzerland. I first collaborated with the Swiss inventor Dr. E. Gretener, but later established a small independent laboratory. CRYPTO AG was in corporated on May 13, 1952, and had at first just one employee. My Swedish activities were transferred to CRYPTO AG, and since the name 'Hagelin Cryptos' had already become well known before i World War II the enterprise grew so fast that in 1966 a new manufacturing and administration building was built in Zug - Steinhausen".
Damm also constructed purely mechanical machine which printed both the plaintext and the ciphertext. Four of these machines were sold to Japan. Finally Damm invented a system with rotors, i.e., alphabet permutating wheels. The best-known machine using rotors was the German ENIGMA.
Damm aimed to interest the large telegraph companies in his machine. After 1921, Damm's interests in cipher machines were concentrated in the field of radio telegraphy: Marconi, Telefunken, TSF and Western Union.

Piotr Wodziński, a year ago (2011, Merkuryusz), after reading the 'three very interesting books' published an article 'Not only Enigma', wrote Mariasz in March 2012 at http://mariasz.salon24.pl/397497.
"These books are: Chapman, 'Japan in Poland's Secret Neighbourhood War', Ken Kotani, 'Japanese Intelligence in World War II', McCay, Bengt Beckman, 'Swedish Signal Intelligence'.
The thing applies to the pre-war and wartime cooperation of the Japanese, Polish, Finnish, Estonian and Swedish intelligence. Directed against the Soviets. In this cooperation, information obtained from radio intelligence played a key role".
See: http://merkuryusz.com/nr_09.html - "...The secret protocol of the Ribbentrop - Molotov Pact and the Soviet preparations for the invasion were not - for the Polish secret services - any secret. Could not be. A specialized publications of Japan report that the imperial SIGNIT broken in June 1939, the 4-digit code of the Soviet army, 4 digit code of border guard and 3-digit code of Air Force. Soviets changed their Army codes after the Battle of Nomonhan ... as the Battle of Chalchyngol, after September 16 , 1939, implemented the new five-digit code OK40, which, however, already in September 1939 was broken by the Estonian secret services. ... the Polish radio-intelligence was a part of a very effective anti-Soviet network - exchange information on a mass scale with the services of the Japanese, Estonian, Finnish and Swedish ... What's more, our radio-intelligence was regarded as the best part of this network. This surely, we were learning Japanese ... (after September 1939 two of our cryptographers has been employed by the Japanese services and worked during the war in Tokyo). When the Swedes turned out about technical assistance to the Estonians, they directed their to our secret services, pointing that they are the most professional...".
See : http://konstantynowicz.info/17_wrzesnia_1939_agresja_sowiecka/tajny_zalacznik_pakt_ribbentrop_molotow_23_sierpnia_1939/index.html

Arvid Gerhard Damm d. 1927, was a Swedish engineer and inventor. He designed a number of cipher machines. Damm was originally a textile engineer, and worked as an engineering manager in a textile factory in Finland.

Edward Hugh Hebern b. 1869, was an early inventor of rotor machines, devices for encryption. Acc. to 'On the history of cryptography in Russia', by N. N. Tokareva, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics: P. L. Shilling, and V. I. Krivosh-Nemanich, were the first in cryptography and cryptanalysis in history of Russia.

Vladimir Ivanovich (Кривош-Неманич) Krivoch Niemanich / Nemanjic b. 1865, polyglot and cryptographer, thanks to the knowledge of many languages, was enrolled in the University of St. Petersburg in 1886, he studied at the Sorbonne, served as an interpreter for the Admiralty, was sent to Paris to study foreign experience in matters of censorship; until 1911 he worked in the Special Naval General Staff of the paperwork for the management agents; he became the first Russian cryptographer, learn more in France at that time; after the February Revolution in 1917 returned to St. Petersburg, makes notes for Lenin himself; Lenin ordered to enroll Krivoch Niemanich in the newly created People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, to translate (look for the Nieciejewski family from the Berezina parish); he was arrested on charges of bribery of nobles for missing abroad and spent six months in prison, but back to work as a translator for Military control - then known as intelligence and counterintelligence of Bolsheviks under the control of the former Tsarist General M. Bonch - Bruevich;
after the revolution, he collaborated with Soviet cryptographic service, was again arrested but next release and was working for a new counterintelligence; died 1942 in Ufa.



The main events in the history of the Russian telegraph:

W. Siemens established company 'Trading house of Siemens and Halske' in St. Petersburg for repair and construction empire Russian telegraphs, in 1853. 1870 the Russian army started building the military telegraph parks. 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878. L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA. 1904, Captain 2nd Rank A. A. Remmert appointed head of business wireless telegraphy in the Marine Department. The Telefunken, JSC Russian Electrotechnical plants 'Siemens and Halske' and A. S. Popov agreed on the establishment in St. Petersburg 'Branch for wireless telegraphy system'. 1905, Naval Department made a contract with JSC Russian electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske' for delivery to the Navy 24 stations of the 'Telefunken'. Open the radio station in Revel, 1913. 1915, L. E. Gabrilovich established in Petrograd, the Universal Russian company of radio - telegraph, radio - telephone and electric devices (VRKR). 1916, stopped activity of JSC Russian electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1917 April, 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', DEKA, now as 'акционерное общество Заводов электромеханических сооружений'.

Acc. to: T. V. Alekseev, ed. 2010:
In the first of these stages, which lasted until the beginning of the 1890s, created small workshops for repair and installation works, as well as the production of simple parts. The priority of this case belonged to the German entrepreneur V. Siemens who in 1853 founded in the Russian capital firm called 'Trading House of Siemens and Halske' were performed under a government orders a series of telegraph lines. The Russian government to conclude a long-term contract with the company for the construction of new telegraph communication lines, and the company itself became known as a company for 'building and repairing the Imperial Russian Telegraph'. At the beginning of 1868 in private house on the 1st line of Vasilievsky island in St. Petersburg opened a mechanical workshop, for co-production of the telegraphs. Mechanic N. K. Geisler in 1874 in his apartment opened small electromechanical workshop; here was repairing telegraph 'Belle Black' and also master L. H. Josef in 1884 start to produce a small - wire switches. The second stage of the formation of the electrical industry in St. Petersburg was due to the introduction of the new customs tariff in 1891. First in a series of these enterprises, was 'Siemens and Halske'; N. K. Geisler in the mid of 1890s sets of commercial communication with the American company 'Western Electric' building in 1895 - 1896 in St. Petersburg a Branch of the Western Electric - telephone and telegraph plant. In 1896, a new venture 'electro-mechanical plant of N. K. Geisler and Co'; it was already employs 100 workers after a contract from January 5, 1897 between Geisler and the American company. In the capital of the Russian Empire there was 'a large triple enterprises': Siemens and Halske, Geisler and L. M. Erickson, determined by the position on the market of wired and later radio communications.

In November 1892 established 'general partnership' of the Dyuflon and Constantinovich to 'use of electricity and mechanics to industry, to the railway, military, naval and aeronautical affairs and the private use'.

Its founders became a Swiss citizen and Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz, who acted as representatives of the interests of two French companies: Sotter, Harle and Co and (electrical machinery, dynamos, motors) 'E. Gabrielle and N. Angenolt' / 'Е. Габриель и Н. Ангенольт' (incandescent lamps). Production activities based in St. Petersburg workshop and imported from France.
At the end of 1895 on the island in St. Petersburg land has been purchased, on December 14, 1896 has opened a new plant, electromechanical plant of facilities. In 1897, for the purpose of capital expansion general partnership was converted into a limited partnership 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co'.
It should be noted that founded in 1899 'Telephone ... plant of K. Lorenz', proprietor was a German citizen O. V. Treplin. In 1900, the industrial crisis has pushed the idea of ​​corporatization and owners association like Dyuflon, Constantinovich and Co. In September 1901 the general meeting of shareholders of the new company, approved its name 'Joint Stock Company of Electromechanical installations', the former partnership of Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co, as well as the size of the authorized capital in the amount of 750 thousand rubles.

The cooperation 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company with security agencies, primarily by the Ministry of the Sea, in terms of delivery of products for radio-military industry began in 1912,

and in June of this year also as a result of fire damage of electromechanical Plant company N. N. Glebov and Co, located in St. Petersburg, had started contracts with the Maritime Office on delivery of dynamos for radio stations. Shareholders decided not to rebuild the plant and the stock company transfered orders to the 'Electromechanical installations' - Duflon and Konstantynowicz. In the company of Glebov head of the test station was electrical engineer V. P. Vologdin. He signed in April 1912 contract with the captain of the port of Kronstadt to make a machine for high frequency power. After a fire at the plant Glebov, Vologdin passes in the 'AO electro-mechanical installations', where he became chief of the technical office. Since then, the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz transformed into a supplier of the main generators of naval power stations that immediately affected the results of its production and financial activities. Besides, to expand the range of equipment for military radio, management begins with 1912 active search for foreign partners for the organization and production activities in this market. In July 1912 it acquired the right of representation of the French company 'Compagnie Generale Radiotelegraphique', CGR and offered military and maritime authorities a number of products of this company. On April 23, 1913 signed an agreement on cooperation with the French radio company 'Societe Francaise Radio-Electrique', SFR. 'AO Electromechanical structures' becomes 'the sole representative of this company to operate its wireless telegraphy apparatus produced in Russia', and in the same 1913 proceeds to own wireless telegraphy equipment workshops.
The Board of 'Electromechanical facilities', expand the range of equipment for military and naval authorities on the dynamo engines, dynamo - electric power and other equipment, in the spring of 1915 commissioned a new factory building. And in the summer of 1915 again petitioned to the mayor of Petrograd on the construction of two new buildings.



The father of Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling /
Schilling von Kannstadt / Schilling von Cannstatt
- Louis Joseph Ferdinand Schilling was a lieutenant or colonel in the Russian army. His sister married in 1780 by Christoph Count Benkendorf / Benckendorf / von Benckendorff. The grandfather, Karl Friedrich, Baron Schilling von Cannstatt.

Anna Juliane von Benckendorff (under copyright by geni.com, Freiin Schilling von Canstadt) b. ca 1746; her husband Christoph Ivanovich von Benckendorff b. 1749 and her sons: Alexander Konstantin Karl Wilhelm Christoph Christophorowich Graf von Benckendorff (b. 1781 / 1782 - died 1844, Russia's military commander, General of Cavalry, chief of police, Chief of III separation Office 1826 - 1844; brother of Constantine Benckendorff and Dorothea Lieven) and Konstantin Christophorowitsch Graf von Benckendorff b. 1785; and her granddaughter - Sophia von Benckendorff b. 1825; her father Karl Friedrich Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1697, and grandfather Ludwig Friedrich Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1654; her brother Ludwig Joseph Ferdinand Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1753, who has son Paul Ludwig Schilling von Canstadt b. 1786 - d. 1837 (Emperor Nicholas visited him to ask to see the telegraph experiments, he presented his telegraph in 1833 in Berlin; 1835, he again traveled to Western Europe).

In 1835, Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling introduced his needle telegraph. "...In Germany and Russia, where in 1837 he had suggested concrete telegraphic transmission lines, his ideas were largely ignored" but Tsar Nicholas I decreed on 19 May 1837 the construction of a 30 km stretch of electrically operated telegraph line from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo, which was not realized because Schillings death.

Note at margin:
Schilling von Cannstatt / Schilling von Canstatt / Schilling von Canstadt: Julius Karl Otto Baron von Schilling b. 1831 in Orgena / Orina, Järva - Jaani - south-west of Rakvere, Järvamaa in Estonia; his wife Elsbeth von Benckendorff Lowenwolde born 1843 Varrangu - south-west of Rakvere, and her father was Gustav Hermann Christoph von Benckendorff b. 1815 in Gilsenhof / Kiltsi, Väike-Maarja vald - south of Rakvere, Lääne-Virumaa, Estland. Her grandfather Paul Friedrich von Benckendorff b. 1784 and great - grandfather Hermann Johann von Benckendorff b. 1751 from Wiborg (Viiburi, Выборг / Võborg, Viipuri, Viborg), Karjala-Soome / Karelia.

Georg Wolther Baron von Schilling b. 1834 in Orgena, Järva-Jaani, Estonia. The noble Schillings / Schilling family moved to Estonia / Estland from Courland (Kurland). Karl Gebhard von Schilling began his service in the Russian army, married to Helene Charlotte von Römer of Müüsleri / Seinigal and Orina / Orgena - 2 km north-east of Jarva-Jaani (Orina, Järva-Jaani vald / Ярва-Яаани, Ярвамаа, Эстония). See: http://www.balticconnections.net/ Müüsleri (Seinigal by German) is a village in the rural community Kareda - ca 80 km east-south of Saku, close to Jarva-Jaani.
Pauline Amalie Sophie von Schilling b. 1806 in Reval / Tallinn, Estland / Eesti, her mother Anna Juliane von Rosen b. 1770.
Major-General of the gendarmerie
(counterintelligence and being the successor in office of Benkendorf; General Dubelt / Dubbelt, Staff Commander of the Corps of Gendarmes 1835-1856)
Leonti V. Dubbelt / von Dubelt was owner of the factory Kuvshinovo, Tver region; he enjoyed high confidence and patronage of the king. Von Dubelt, Leonti Vasilyevich / Leonti Wassiljewitsch Dubelt (b. 1792 died 1862), born into a family of Vasily Ivanovich Dubbelt by his wife - Mary Grigorievna Shperter vel Medina Celli, Princess;
his brother Peter, Colonel.
Von Dubelt is the German noble family from Livonia since the beginning of the 18th century.
Ivan Dubbelt entered the Russian service. His sons, Vasily and Mikhail Dubbelt.
Above Leonti V. Dubbelt married Anna Nikolaevna Persian nee Mordvinov in 1818.
In marriage, had two sons:
Nicholas / Nikolai (1819-1874)
and Michail / Michael (1822-1900).
Michael Leontievich Dubbelt or Dubelt was Lieutenant-General (1897). Dubbelt / Dubelt Michael or Michail Leontievich who was born February 8, 1822 in Kiev, Russian cavalry Major General, he was commandant of the Tiflis Alexandropol / Aleksandrapol fortress 1887-1890. His first wife Nataly / Natalia Puszkin / Natalja Aleksandrovna Pushkin since 1853, born May 23 / 4 Jun 1836 in St. Petersburg, was the daughter of Alexander Pushkin, poet. This son - M. Dubelt in 1860, lost above named Kuvshinovo factory in gambler to hands of Peter Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1826 died 1880, the leader of the provincial nobility.

Prince Troubetzkoy in 1869 sold it to Michael Gavrilovich Kuvshinov; his father Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804 and his grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy / Trubetskoy born 1760: daughter of Alexander Gruzinsky - Princess Darejan or Daria Aleksandrovna Gruzinskaya died 1796, was married to Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy / Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj (1760-1817) with four children, including Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy (29 August 1790 - 22 November 1860) who was one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement and was a freemason.

Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin b. May 26 / 6 June 1799 in Moscow, Russian poet; his paternal grandfather, Leo / Lev A. Pushkin was artillery colonel; father - Sergei L. Pushkin (1767-1848), a Pushkin's mother was a granddaughter of Hannibal. Brother of the poet - Lew vel Lev born 1805.
Nikolai Leontievich / Nicholas (1819-1874) was also Lieutenant-General (1864), commander 1852 - 1856 Belarusian Hussar Regiment.
Brother of Leonti Vasilievich - Peter V. Dubbelt (born 1794 in Mogilev, Belarus now), the Adjutant in 1822-26 of General N. N. Rajewski.
A cousin of Leonti Vasilievich - Ivan M. Dubbelt (born 1805, Riga), served in the Estonian Jaeger Regiment, took part in suppressing the Polish uprising of 1863-64.
His son Evgenii / Eugene I. Dubbelt, served from 1861 in Tiflis / Tbilisi.
The Uzkoje  estate that was otherwise Uzkoje village, situated 15,5 km S-W-S of  Moscow core in  the suburbs of the capital i.e. 9 km from boundary of urban housing in 1917, and there are nowadays Litovskij bulvar Str. and Jasnogorskaja Str. near by Vitcevskij forest and also Tschertanovka river.


Boris Siemionovich Jacobi / Moritz Hermann von Jacobi b. 1801 died 1874, St. Petersburg, invented a number of instruments for measuring the electrical resistance - voltagometrom.
In 1895 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrated the device, detector, which was designed to record radio waves generated by the storm front - first radio receiver suitable for the implementation of wireless telegraphy. In 1899, "Popov has designed an improved version of the receiver of electromagnetic waves, where the reception of signals - Morse code - was carried out on the headphones operator - radio operator".


Watch maker, William Brown was dad of Edward Brown, born abt 1819. He was a watch maker, too. Elizabeth Brown maybe was a wife.

On the Clerkenwell district in London:

Izydor Jakub Gudak / Isadore Jacob Gudak / Irving John Good / I. J. or Jack Good b. 1916, a British mathematician who worked as a cryptologist at Bletchley Park with Alan Turing; from a Polish-Jewish family in London. His father Mosheh Oyved / Morris Edward Good or Moshe Oved alias Edward Good b. in Poland in 1885 - 1958, was a watchmaker, artist, sculptor (also from Jacob Epstein and Ben Uri; friend of John Ringling), the owner of a jewelry shop (Cameo Corner in Museum Street near the British Museum; on cameos, antique watches and clocks; Jewish ritual objects), poet, Zionist and the founder of the Ben Uri Society / Ben Uri Gallery / Museum in London, a Yiddish writer, a dealer in antique jewellery. He learnt the trade of a watches ca 1900, but in 1902 or 1903 emigrated to England. Mother Sophia Polikoff. Mosheh Oved / Moshe Gudak in London set up an antique jewellery shop. Sophia Polikoff was born in Russia and came to London at age eight with her parents. Morris and Sophia met in London. The Cameo Corner was founded in 1908 in New Oxford Street (No 1, close to Kingsway Str., and ca 1700 meters to west-south-west of Clerkenwell in London, by the Theobalds Road to the west) by Moshe Oved and in 1939 moved to its permanent home in Museum Street, Bloomsbury (1200 to 1400 meters to the west of Clerkenwell). Cameo Corner was the principal centre for the sale of jewellery in London for the first half of the twentieth century.

In 1902, Vladimir Lenin moved the publication of the Iskra (Spark, issues 22 to 38) to London at 37a Clerkenwell Green. At that time Vladimir Lenin resided on Percy Circus, less than half a mile north of Clerkenwell Green. In 1903 the newspaper was moved to Geneva. Lenin and Stalin met in the Crown and Anchor pub (The Crown Tavern, 50 m east of Lenin 'Iskra') in 1903. But at this time people from 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company and around the Armand family were involved in 'left' activity:
Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling who elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918; Brilling i.e. Briling, b. 1876, Russian and Soviet expert of aeroengines after completion of the Moscow Polytechnic, twice under arrest due to distribution of Lenin's 'Iskra', 1907 doctor in field of engines.
At least of 10 December 1908 Inessa Armand wanted to attend the First All-Russian Women's Congress in St Petersburg with her sister-in-law, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz / Константинович. Inessa was lover of Lenin since 1909 or 1910, but according to 'Correspondence of Lenin and ... organizations. 1903-1905 years', Volume 3, the first book, we know that Lenin sent a cliche of 'Iskra' / 'Sparks' at Dyuflon / the Duflon office address in Yekaterinburg (p. 332, here also name of Konstantynowicz!) in 1903.
"Inessa Armand. Revolutionary and Feminist" by R. C. Elwood, p.74 - Inessa was on her honeymoon with Lenin who showed up in Copenhagen without his wife Krupska. Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich / Константинович, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910.

The last of the Breguets, "... looked around for someone suitable to make a partner and continue the Firm after his time. He knew a first-class mechanician in Clerkenwell named Edward Brown, who was induced to go to Paris to look after the factory. Eventually he became a partner, and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm. Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired, ... 1920. Thus Monsieur Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm ... The general information I have gained by consulting certain books such as ... Mr. Hull, of the Firm of Messrs. Le Roy, in London, Mr. Henry Brown ... and his son, Mr. George Brown... Mr. Desoutter, of London, who has made a life- long study of Breguet's work...", acc. to THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES, ,BREGUET 1747 - 1823', BY SIR DAVID LIONEL SALOMONS.
The Brown family and others in Clerkenwell:
James Brown, at 24, Noble-street (south-east, ca 1200 m from Lenin 'Iskra'), Clerkenwell (Barbican) in 1828, and at 3, Newcastle place, Clerkenwell-close (900 m south of Lenin 'Iskra'). The Baume Brothers, Importers of Geneva Watches, at 9, Ashley street, Northampton square, Clerkenwell, and at Aux Bois, Canton of Berne, Switzerland. BROWN Sophia b. 1859 in Clerkenwell, London, parent James Brown.

Antoine-Louis Breguet drove the prestigious business into bankruptcy. "His son, Louis-Clement Breguet, eventually took over. He invented the first electric clocks but decided to leave and concentrate on electric telegraphs and telecommunications. The business was sold to the English watchmaker, Edward Brown".


In 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to
Edward Brown; he collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel,
and he met
Alexander Graham Bell
and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market.

He had one son

Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of

Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.

The great-grandson of Louis Franēois Clément Breguet:
Louis Antoine b. 1851 d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business.

So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century. By Michael Weare at http://clicktempus.com/turning-points-in-time-breguet: under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his

two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.

Thus Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of

'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets. The complicated watches were built by the

Joux Valley's leading watchmakers

including the Victorin Piguet workshops.

1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France, acc. to http://dssmhi1.fas.harvard.edu/emuseumdev/
Address: 1881 at 81, boulevard Montparnasse in Paris, next at rue Didot in Paris, and after 1898 in Douai.
Louis Charles Bréguet, 1880 - 1955, was a famous French aviator, airplane designer, and industrialist, engineer, pilot, acc. to http://perso.wanadoo.fr. Louis Charles Breguet, his great-grandfather Abraham Louis Breguet. In 1905, Louis, his brother Jacques and Charles Robert Richet began construction of a gyroplane - prototype helicopter. 1907 the prototype made its first vertical take-off the pilot to a height of 50 cm. In 1905, he received an engineering degree, and the brothers began working in the family business for the production of electric motors and dynamos machines. Louis Clement decided to switch to the telegraph and communications.

Antoine Louis Breguet, Ecole Polytechnique, specialist of an electric motors, led the Breguet House, rue Didot; died very young, when Louis was only two years. Louis Breguet, an engineer at the Douai plant of Breguet House, interested in flying machines, assisted by Professor Charles Richet, a friend of his father, and by his brother Jacques, born in 1882; he went to work at the electrical engineering firm of his father, chief engineer of the Breguet House; in 1909, he learned to fly himself, acc. to: http://www.mae.ncsu.edu. In 1905 he was working gyroplane on a project.


Above named

Louis Charles Breguet b. 1880 in Paris died 1955,

was a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers. In 1902, Louis married Nelly Girardet, the daughter of

painter Eugene Girardet.

In 1905, with his brother Jacques, and Charles Richet, he began work on a

gyroplane / helicopter. In 1912, Breguet constructed his first hydroplane.
Louis-Clement's grandsons,

Louis and Jacques Breguet

were France's aircraft pioneers, from the 1917 'Breguet 14' fighter-bomber helped turn the tide of war on the western front. Louis Breguet was one of the co-founders of Air France in 1933.
Engineer Louis Franzevich Dyuflon / L. Duflon, a Swiss 'Breguet' Company representative (he was very young, only aged 23), was Stefan Drzewiecki friend (the Polish family from the Volhynia government), and circa 1884 was searching of the structure of a dromoskop. Dyuflon sometimes was invited to have breakfast with Drzewiecki. Drzewiecki (Drzewiecki Stephane lived after in France: 5, rue Gustave-Zede, Paris) occupied luxury apartment in the house No 6 at Admiralty Seaside. In the evenings, the usual Drzewiecki guests were brothers
Paul and Peter Solomonovich Martynov
(Lyubov Orlova-Denisova married to Nikolai Trubetskoy, she b. 1828, d. 1860. Her brother Fedor / Fiodor born 1802 or 1806 with wife from the

Nikitin family.

 Sister of above Lyubov nee Orlova-Denisova married Trubetskoy: Nadiezda / Nadjezda / Nadine Orlov-Denisov married to

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin,

he born ? and died before 1868, Major-General, ataman Orenburg Cossacks - his parents: father Andrew / Andrej Katenin 'youngest' b. 1768 and d. 1835, wife -
Irina Lermontov. His grandfather Fedor Katenin and his great-grandfather Ivan Nikitich Katenin d. 4 December 1723. Mother of above named
Michail Andreevich Katenin - Irina Lermontov / Lermontow b. 1771 d. 1818. His brother Alexander A. Katenin, b. 1800 Kluseevo or Polovtsov in 1803 with wife Barbara I. Vadkovsky from Jan Wadkowski family. Above Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin daughters: Mary or Maria
[Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899,

married in 1868 to Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin

- daughter of Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, and Countess Nadejda Vasilievna, second daughter of General Count

Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.

He d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters: Prince Mikeli / Mikhail Nikolaievitch Gruzinski, b. 1886, a govt. official in Minsk in 1914, m. daughter of

Ivan Bzhozovskii / Jan Brzozowski;

Princess Mariami / Maria Nikolaievna, first wife of Andrei Alexeivitch Tregubov; Princess Nadina Nikolaievna / Nadejda Nikollaievna, married second time to

Lieutenant-General Alexei Mikhailovitch Kauffman, cdt. Grodno Hussars of the Guard, third son of General Mikhail Petrovitch Kauffmann, Engineer-General of Russia, d. at Warsaw, 30th October 1901;

Princess

Anastazia / Anastasia Nikolaievna Gruzinskaya,
1917 - she emigrated to Dvinsk / Daugavpils in Latvia,
where she participated in the Greek-Catholic movement
]
and Sofia d. 1908 married
Martynov. At margin: Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760 and his brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich: Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska daughter of ?, Polish - but we know only Michal Tarnowski b. 1782 d. 1831 and his parents Jan Jacek Tarnowski b. 1729 and Rozalia Czacka - she b. 1783, d. 1851; her children: Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish); Michael Solomonovich 1814-60;

Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna

married Rzewska (Polish) / Rzhevskij Michal; Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich b. 1824 and died 1909; Elizabeth; Natalia b. 1819; Julia married Gagarin, b. 1821; also Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki, Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.; above named Sofia d. 1908 and married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 -

his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816

and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783)
,
engineer Breguet (Louis Antoine Breguet that is Antoine Breguet b. 1851 - died 1882, was engineer and his son

Louis Charles Breguet
b. 1880, d. 1955, was aircraft manufacturer

and was a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers who - in 1905, with his brother Jacques Breguet - began work on a

gyroplane, the forerunner of the helicopter,

with flexible wings - like Igor Sikorsky and prof. Bothezat; Jacques Bréguet that is probably Mr Breguet who was the

engineer of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', company representative, Swiss citizen and friend of Stefan Drzewiecki;

Louis and Jacques Breguet, of the famous clock- and watch-making family, were interested in aviation from an early age and on 19 September 1907, they, in cooperation with Professor Charles Richet, created the first helicopter
),

Dyuflon,

botanist professor Poiret / Poireau / Poirot,

K. E. Makovsky (Konstantin Yegorovich - that is son of Георгий or Юрий - Makovsky, b. Moscow in 1839 and died in Petrograd / St Petersburg on 30 Sept. 1915, painter, 1891 had become a member of the newly formed

'St Petersburg Society of Artists'
),

and the pretender to the Serbian throne, prince Karageorgievich, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion (Arseny Karageorgievich b. 1859, d. 1938, who served until 1916 at the Russian military; the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia; was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888; wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich: Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev; her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; her grandfather

Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826, her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804;

her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817; her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812
).

In 1892, Swiss citizen,

L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon built in St. Petersburg plant for the production of electrical equipment

and opened in St. Petersburg 'Electrical studio'. In the same year 1892 he concluded a cooperation agreement with Moscow businessman of the

Breguet Company branch

- A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo, Palemon, Apolon) Konstantynowicz /  Константинович son of Wasyl / Wasilij Константинович, the owner of the technical office
.

Together they take on more complex projects, and soon

the company taken the first military orders.

Since 1896 the enterprise was owned by trading house, after by co-operatives and in 1901 it was transformed into a corporation.

1895 

The third company in Russia in terms of the
electronic products supply. Created 8 June 1901 by converting the firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' (Дюфлон, Константинович и Ко., ДЕКА) based in 1892. Founded in 1893 as a factory of electrical installations by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz / Константинович'.
Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon / Дюфлон, his Swiss friend
Yu Dizeren

(Jean Dizerens or Disserens / Diserens / diSerens from Switzerland; they were aristocrats who fled from Paris to Switzerland - Cully in Vaud, Lutry and Lousanne - during the Fr. Revolution, where they first settled in Lutry;

they were originally Italian noble family with last name diSerens or Diserens.
Also L'Abbaye, is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, town from where the Breguet family came to Paris; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne.

The father of above Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon / Luis Edouard / Louis Eduard Anton Duflon / Lun Eduard Anton Duflon, who was born 1861, a Swiss citizen - was probably Francis Dyuflon / Frances Duflon / François Louis DUFLON b. approx. 1824 (1831 ?). His wife was Jeanne Louise Susanne CUÉNOUD born 1826; her next of kin from families: Mercanton, Jenny, Milliquet. Her parents: François-Louis CUÉNOUD and Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD (Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD b. 29.03.1792 in Grandvaux, the Vaud province in Suisse; died in 1864). Mother of Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD: Jeanne-Louise RICCARD was born approx. 1757. Father of above Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD: Jean Pierre Champrenaud. Father of above François-Louis CUÉNOUD: Jean David Cuenoud (Jean-David CUÉNOUD born 24.09.1774 in Grandvaux, Vaud province, Suisse and died on 13.02.1816 in Lutry, canton of Vaud, Suisse; maried to Jeanne Abetel on 14 August 1795 in Lausanne of Vaud province in Suisse).

Riex from Lutry 5 km distance only and east of Lausanne, 10 km.

The Duflon family nest in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland is to the west of Lausanne: Aubonne and Morges, where Duflon family was living in the 17th cent. - 18 km west of Lausanne.

The DUFLON family 1745 - 1815 was living in Riex of the Vaud province / Vaud canton, Switzerland / Suisse.
CHAMPRENAUD in 1748 also was living in Riex, Switzerland / Suisse. Riex close to Lavaux in Switzerland. CHAMPRENAUD in 1822 was living in Villette close to Lutry, too.

CUÉNOUD in 1774 in Grandvaux close to Lutry and Riex.

Disserens / Diserens / diSerens from Switzerland in Cully in the Vaud province, Lutry and Lousanne.

Marie Elisabeth DUFLON b. 1690 in Riex, District de Lavaux and married in 1714 in the Canton de Vaud. The Duflon surname has ancienne origin: de Fluvio. Surname DEMONTET dit TAVERNEY in 1646 was in Corsier sur Vevey of District de Vevey in Canton de Vaud. The DEMONTET family was near by DUFLON in 17th century. Barbara or Varvara Demonet or maybe DEMONTET from Vaud province was daughter of Carl de Monet's that is DEMONTET or Charles Demonets / Monnette or Demonsi.

Villette in the Vaud province. Cully is near to Riex. Villette or Lavaux close to Lutry and Cully. All on east of Lutry and east of Lausanne / Lozana. Vaud is the third largest of Swiss cantons by population and fourth by size. It located in the French-speaking western part of the country.
See http://www.gen-gen.ch/CUÉNOUD-CHAMPRENAUD/Jeanne-Fran%c3%a7oise/1232358
)

and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz / Константинович. In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant.
Lots of houses No 7 and 8 at Pavlov Street (Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street) in St Petersburg in 1895 bought L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon / Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren / Yu Dizeren and (inf. about first names, father's name of Apollo(n) Константинович and middle names need to be check, on Yu = Y. K., L. F. = Louis Edward, A. = A. V. / A. W.) A. V. (A. W.) Konstantynowicz / A. Konstantynowicz for the electrical company (since 1922 the Petrograd State Machine-Building Plant 'Electric'; in 1923, the factory designed the first Soviet welding generator).

The site houses No 9 and 12 Pavlov Street got the Prince of Oldenburg.

The house No 14 in 1909 - 1910: factory building for 'The Russian Society of the wireless telegraph and telephone', in 1923 created Central Radio Laboratory - here was located the center of the main domestic radio industry (L. Mandelstam, N. Papaleksi, D. Rozhanskii, V. P. Vologdin).

A note dated September 21, 1895 from the Ministry guarantees that the plant 'will be to have a free hand for quick ... execution of its most difficult and painstaking work...'.
Domestic firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' (Константинович) which was a representative of the French 'Sautter and Harle', under a contract of December 4, been making 11 sets of electric winches for battleship's elevators and to additional elevator for 'Rurik', winches ordered directly to firm 'Sautter and Harle' (the 'Rurik'-I keel was laid in the Baltic Works in St. Petersburg, May 19, 1890).
Fuller was an order given in March 1905 to the company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' immediately by 24 portable electric fans of 300 m / hr. 'Navarin' / Наварин, based on the British Trafalgar-class battleship, was built in St. Petersburg, 1889 to 1896;
in September 1893, as planned 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' factory was appointed date of move of 'Navarino' to Kronstadt for completion of equipment and accessories.
To build a 'Громобой' / 'Stormbreaker' ship in the new dock of the Baltic plant started on June 14, 1897, and on December 7 of that year this new cruiser called 'Gromoboi' was enrolled in the fleet; guns delivered from the Obukhov plant, and a winches from 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz company'.

1896
In December 1896 at Lopukhinsky Street in St Petersburg, now -
Copyright by http://rdp4v.livejournal.com/1449841.htmlAcademic Pavlov Street No 8, opened the first-born in St. Petersburg electrotechnical industry, the electromechanical plant facilities owned joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' (Дюфлон, Константинович и Ко., ДЕКА), a large role in which played the French capital. The 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' office was situated at Aptekarski Ostrov in St Petersburg, now Saint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University is also located on the island. The Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street, also found writing Lapuhinskaya; lots of houses No 7 and 8 in 1895 bought the L. F. Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren and A. Konstantynowicz / Константинович for the electrical company.  Alexander Stepanovich Popov, pioneer in the invention of the radio was associated Google map of old Duflon and Konstantinovich plant in St Petersburg at Medikov Street. Copyright by http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=576093&langid=5 with the island; on March 24, 1896, he demonstrated transmission of radio waves between different buildings in St Petersburg and he demonstrated ship-to-shore communication over a distance of 6 miles in 1898.
From the report of the Vologda city council member, F. N. Ovechkin, we know about question on the electric lighting in the city of Vologda in 1896 when the owners of the electromechanical plant of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', addressed to the Chief of the province a proposal to build in the city of Vologda electric lighting.
Nelly Bogorad in a newspaper 'The St. Petersburg Rush Hour' in 2002 was writing 'The Case Dyuflon will live': "In December last year the plant, 'Electric', the sources of which were enterprising Frenchman and a Pole, created in 1896 by joint-stock company 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', has got 105 years old. But the big date, ... at the company was not mentioned. ... It was the culmination of a period of confrontation of the two shareholder groups, each pursuing its own interests. ... Both groups of shareholders began buying shares in the factory ... in the course of privatization got a 60 % stake. ... Member of the Board of Directors of JSC 'Plant Electric' Andrey Stepanenko, representing a major shareholder, ... explained why he and his colleagues have undertaken to preserve the enterprise. ... As noted by Mr. Stepanenko, ... is not more than four years to modernize and reconstruct capital assets, depreciation is not less than 70 - 80 % ... and Mr. Stepanenko and his comrades are waiting for the expansion of welding equipment in the U.S., Germany, Sweden and Finland".

1897
Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon, his friend Swiss Yu Dizeren and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz / Константинович. In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant with name 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz, Dizeren and Co'. In 1901 it was transformed into a corporation.
Service of lighting in Irkutsk proposed 'Erikson' and the firm 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz', the Russian electric company 'Union' and General Electric Company and other contractors but on December 10, 1901 City Council received an offer from the Universal Company.
The new plant, received the name 'Plant of the electromechanical Structures', was opened 14 December 1896.

At the beginning of 1897 the company was renamed in partnership, and in 1901 the plant has been transformed into joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' (DECA), with a capital of 750 thousand rubles.

1901 

The third company in Russia in terms of the
electronic products supply. Created 8 June 1901 by converting the firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' based in 1892. Founded in 1893 as a factory of electrical installations by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz'.
Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon, his friend Swiss Yu Dizeren and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz / Константинович. In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant.
The new plant, received the name 'Plant of the electromechanical Structures', was opened 14 December 1896.

At the beginning of 1897 the company was renamed in partnership, and in 1901 the plant has been transformed into joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' (DECA), with a capital of 750 thousand rubles.

DEKA founded in 1901 on 08 June, as the transformation of the company Duflon and Konstantinovich / Константинович, which was founded in 1892 by Luis Edouard son of Frances Duflon / Louis Eduard Anton Duflon son of Francis Dyuflon or Lun Eduard Anton  Duflon, born 1861, a Swiss citizen and Polish engineer - technologist Apollon W. Konstantinovich, the Russian citizen. In December 1895 they bought the land in Lopuchinski Park in St. Petersburg. This factory was opened December 14, 1896. At the beginning of 1897 the factory turned into the Association and soon the 'Deca' began to receive government contracts, in particular for electrical equipment for naval artillery.
Louis E. Dyuflon was graduated of Zurich Polytechnic and starting as an engineer at the factory of electrical products, he soon became the official representative of the French electrical company of Breguet / Brown in Russia, where he met with the engineer Apollo Konstantinovich / Константинович - a representative of the same company in Moscow. Edward Brown from London became a partner, and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm; Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.

In 1901, the 'Deca' plant becomes a joint stock company DEKA. Capital 750 thousand rubles. In 1913 radio - agreement with French company SFR and it becomes a branch ot the SFR in Russia.

In the second half of 1901 Беклемишев, Михаил Николаевич / Beklemishev, Michael N. was sent to Paris for equipment to  Copyright by http://qrok.net/9442-podvodnyj-flot-rossii-chast-1.htmlRussian submarines with co-operation with Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company: a main engine - petrol four-cylinder engine of the Otto-Deyts 160 hp, it was enough fuel reserves to 30 hours. The motion of the water provided the electric motor of 70 hp and battery power capacity of 1900 Ah and were made ​​in Philadelphia, USA. Equipment ordered factory 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' from St. Petersburg. The submarine torpedo boat No 113 was built during the winter 1901 and summer 1902. However, the assembly of the battery to plant 'Dyuflon' delayed until late autumn, did not meet the contractual terms (accumulators and batteries were manufactured in 'Deka' plant after 1908); 1903 - it was finished making the submarine motor.

Above Беклемишев, Михаил Николаевич / Beklemishev, Michael N. was born on September 26, 1858 in the Alexinsky district of Tula province. 1879 graduated from the Technical College of the Navy Department, next taught at the School of Mine, graduated from the mechanical department of the Naval Academy. 1901 Горюнов Иван Семёнович / I. Goryunov, I. G. Bubnov and Beklemishev performed work on the development of mechanisms of weapons and electronics. Beklemishev was sent to the United States. In 1935 he was arrested by Soviets again and released. Gorjunov Ivan Semenovich b. 1869, scientist, naval military educator, designer of the mechanical part of the first Russian submarine 'Dolphin', Major-General. His son Nikolai Goryunov b. 1890, 1920-1927 the chief engineer of the ship's port of Sevastopol, was arrested in 1929 and executed in 1930.

Also tests of the Valentin Vologdin radio oscillator at the battleship 'Andrew' was successful; Marine Office was made an order for another twenty radio stations, which include a new power supply antennas. Order execution was entrusted to the plant by 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' for twenty ships. All of them are installed on warships of the Navy, have shown high efficiency.

1904 - 1907 
The beginning of a Duflon Company in Switzerland and France in 1904 (L. F. Dyuflon from 1908 resided in Switzerland). Within a few months in Russia and in
1901 / 1907 the beginning of the DEKA Joint Stock Society (Duflon,  Konstantynowicz & Company JSC). In this years a business started to operate in Aleksandrovsk / Zaporoze when DEKA JSC bought land in order to changeover of activity (see December 1915) in 1907 at address: Zaporozje, Motorostroitelej 15. On 15 November 1907 the City Council of Alexandrovsk allocated land for the construction of the brothers Moznaim / Moznaimov iron foundry and machine factory but this factory was bought by joint-stock company 'Deca' from Moznaimov in 1915 and reconstructed for the production of aircraft engines; today, the 'Motor Sich', one of the most famous in the global avia industry (the Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz Company manufactured Salmson engines, Gnome, Ron - a production under license and by 1917 the production of the engines in all Russia reached 700 per month; about 250 were collected from the western parts; the Decka Company began to produce engines in 1913). Until December 1915 it made agricultural machinery and tools to perform different machining, cast iron and copper.
 

The "Credit Lyonnais" Bank in Geneva has got records, assessments and accounts for the Swiss country with reference number DEEF 30136  relating to "Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Company", that is  "Company of the Electromechanical Factories of Constructions" called DEKA of 1904 - 1916; researched in 1921.

The DEKA Company produced agricultural machineries and tools, various machines, a cast iron; the factory in 1907 - 1911 (iron foundry) cast copper pieces and iron equipment. Ukraine organized a Celebration Committee in 2007 on the occasion of the one hundred anniversary of the "Motor Sich" CompanyDEKA Joint-Stock Company.

The joint stock Copyright by Moikrewni.pl. Bogdan Konstantynowicz / Константинович details.company 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' from St Petersburg and Moscow was co-property of our Mscislau branch of the male-line descendants of Dominik Konstantynowicz and our old ancestry:

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz / Константинович who b. ca 1862 - son of Wasilij Константинович / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1840. The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand - Eugene born about 1842.

Wasilij / Wasyl Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, was general of the Russian Army,
and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families  TretyakovBarsak, Klyachko and Manfred. His grandfather Baxter, probably English (mother side), acc. to http://www.leon-bakst.com/ - Collection Constantinowitz. Leon Bakst always lived with his family in St. Petersburg. Leon Bakst had two sisters, Sophia and Rose, and brother Isaiah.
April 28 in 1866 Leon Bakst was born in Grodno. His grandfather was a tailor in Paris and ca 1876 came to Russia, to St Petersburg. In 1878 Leon Bakst won a drawing contest at school and after he decid to leave college. When his grandfather died, his parents divorced. Kanaev, his friend, found him a job with Albert Benois, Alexandre Benois, K. Somov, W. Vroubel, D. Filosofov and his cousin S. Diaghilev. Alexandre Benois has friend - Count Benkendorf; Count put him in touch with Gran Duke Vladimir; Duke was President of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts. 1903 Leon Bakst married L. Gricenko, widow of a painter, the daughter of P. Tretyakov. 1914 thanks to Count D. Benkendorf's support, Leon Bakst was elected as a member of the Academy of Fine Arts.
Above Dmitry A. Benkendorf / Benkendorf, Dmitriy Alexandrovich / Mita, born 1845, died 1917 or 1919; in 1910 became chairman of Academy of Fine Arts. State Councillor; in 1882-94 Secretary of the Embassy in Berlin, and later a member of the Council of the Russian Bank for Foreign Trade, the 'Russian Society of Sea, River ... and warehouses', 1903 - the Mariupol Mining and Metallurgical Society; amateur painter, graphic artist. His brother, Alexander, 1848-1915, Lieutenant General. Note on the family of Dmitry Benckendorf / Dmitriy Benkendorf (Mita) born in 1845. Benkendorf Dmitriy Alexandrovich nickname Mita, died 1917. His brother, Alexander Alexandrovich Benckendorf, 1848 - 1915, was lieutenant-general. We now check data on his father: 1. ? they were sons of Alexander Benckendorf (1819 - 1849), the Guard lieutenant. Portrait of Steuben. 2. or they were next of kin with the Nikolai Kropotkin: his brother Peter D. Kropotkin; from Peter / Pyotr Kropotkin, b. 1771 d. 1826 and Praskovja A. Gagarin b. 1770 d. 1850, were children: 1800 - Tatiana Kropotkin Musin-Pushkin, 1801 - Dmitry Petrovich Kropotkin, 1802 - Nicholas P. Kropotkin and 1805 - Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin died 1871 - father of famous theorist of anarchism. Near by to the Benkendorf family! Children of above named Dmitrij / Dmitry Kropotkin: 1826 Peter D. Kropotkin, 1830 Nikolai Kropotkin next of kin with Benkendorf and 1832 Ivan D. Kropotkin.

We remember about Weimar Orest E., b. 1845 died in 1885, prominent physician in St. Petersburg, populist, organized the escape of Kropotkin from prison in 1876 acc. to 'Notes of a revolutionary' by Kropotkin; he was arrested in 1879 and sentenced to 15 years in prison; he died in prison at Kara; his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz daughter of Jan / Ivan Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz;
Wiktoria - she was b. 1846 and died in 1899/1900.

Prince Peter Kropotkin b. 1842, Moscow, died 1921; theorist of anarchism, a historian, from princes of Smolensk province, his father, Prince Alexei Petrovich Krapotkin (1805 - 1871), Major General, owned estates in the three provinces; his mother, Catherine N. Sulima was a direct descendant of Cossacks Ataman - Ivan Sulima. Above Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin, b. 1805 and his father Pyotr Kropotkin b. 1771 and mother Praskovja A. Gagarin b. 1770.
Pyotr Kropotkin b. 1771, has father Nikolai Alexeyevich Kropotkin b. 1742 d. 1795,
and grandfather Alexey Kropotkin.

We back to the Benckendorf or Benkendorf family:
Alexander Benkendorf (1800 - 1873) in 1826, retired with the rank of lieutenant of the Guards, settled in Vinogradov, in 1859 bought the oil mines on the Apsheron Peninsula near Baku, founded the oil company 'Benckendorf', in 1865 he was in Moscow; his children:
a. Maria Benckendorf b. 1833 d. 1887 - her husband Nikolai Kropotkin b. 1830 and his brothers Peter D. Kropotkin 1826, and Ivan D. Kropotkin 1832; and her child Dmitri Kropotkin, b. 1857 d. 1902.
b. Above Alexander Benkendorf born 1800 d. 1873 (probably father of Dmitry Benckendorf / Dmitriy Benkendorf (Mita) born in 1845 that is Benkendorf Dmitriy Alexandrovich nickname Mita, died 1917 - you look on Bakst and Apollon Konstantynowicz). Father of Alexander: Ivan Benckendorf b. 1765 d. 1841, and grandfather: Johann Michael Ivan Benckendorf b. 1720 d. November 18, 1775, came from Johann Benckendorf b. April 26, 1659 d. June 17, 1727.
Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin b. 1805 died 1871 - father of famous theorist of anarchism Prince Peter Kropotkin b. 1842, Moscow, died 1921; theorist of anarchism. Near by to the Benkendorf family!

1924 Bakst meet Ida Rubinstein.

Nephew of Leon Bakst that is son of his sister Rose Samuilovna Rosenberg / Samuel Rosenberg was born in Germany (Zakhar L. Manfred worked as a lawyer in St. Petersburg, during the Civil War was a teacher in the Saratov province, then in the Pskov province; Rosa Samuilovna Rosenberg - a translator, sister of the artist Leon Bakst, died in 1918) and Zachary Manfred, was historian Albert Z. Manfred (1906-1976) who born in St Petersburg (acc. to Eugene Konstantynowicz / Константинович - son of Apollon Konstantynowicz, Polish, and Anna Konstantynowicz / Константинович nee Armand, Polish roots - and his children living in Switzerland and Paris, France, that is grandchildren of Anna nee Armand, and great-grandchildren of Varvara Karlovna Demonsi / Demonets or DEMONTET; this Eugene Konstantynowicz, as a patient, was treated in Switzerland, there he became acquainted with Marusya, who cared for her uncle Leon Bakst, along with Sophia, Bertha, Paul and Emily). See: the Constantinowitz Museum in Meudon.
Meudon is a municipality in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, in the département of Hauts-de-Seine. Chalais-Meudon was important in the pioneering of aviation, initially balloons and airships, but also the early powered craft (in 1880 Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs).
Klyachko, Maria Markovna (1895 - 1994), married name Constantinowitz / Marie Constantinowitz (1895 - 1994), daughter of Léon Bakst’s sister, Sophia Klyachko / Sophie nee Bakst (1869 - 1944). All information about Léon Bakst’s relatives are culled from 'My recollections of Uncle Lyova', the memoirs of Maria Klyachko-Constantinowitz and Manuscripts department, Tretyakov Gallery, fund 111, items 2632, 2636, and from Nikolai Constantinowitz, Irina Albertovna Manfred, Maria Markovna Klyachko who married a musician – a cello player Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinowitz (1890 - 1977). She met her future husband in Switzerland, when she was tending to the sick Bakst. Her two sons became architects - Nikolai and Pyotr Constantinowitz (Mikolaj Konstantynowicz and Piotr Konstantynowicz; but also is inf. about 3 children of Maria nee Klaczko / Maria Markovna Klyachko and Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinovich / Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz) and 'Collection of the Constantinowitz family' is in Paris (among correspondence of Howard D. Rothschild were letters of Constantinowitz Marie in 1976-1980; Howard Rothschild born 1907 and died 1989 in New York). Constantinowitz, Pyotr Yevgenievich (Kанстантинович / Kanstantinovich / Constantinowitz Pierre was born 1928 and address: Orée du Bois Brūlé, 78380 Bougival) and Constantinowitz Nikolai Yevgenievich (born 1931 - Nicolas, 45B Route des Gardes, Meudon). Constantinowitz, Yevgeny Apollonovich (Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz son of Apollon Konstantynowicz; born 1890 - died 1977) was a cello and piano player; he was receiving a treatment at the same resort as Bakst. And also we know about Carole Constantinowitz.
Pierre Constantinowitz, route de la Bourbonniere, Chailly en Gatinais and 13 rue des Pres Verdy, Sevres, France.
Copyright by http://www.leon-bakst.com/php/famille.php?lang=ru

Inessa Armand born in Paris on 8th May, 1874. Name variations: Ines Stéphane / Eлизавета Фёдоровна / Ines Elisabeth Stephane / Elise / Elisabeth / Elisaveta / Стеффeн / Steffen / Comrade Inessa and Elena Blonina. Born Elizabeth Stephane, was daughter of Theodore Pecheux d'Herbenville and Nathalie Wild; married Alexander Armand, Oct 3, 1893.
Alexandre Dumas points to Pescheux d'Herbenville / Pecheux and Ernest Duchatelet were involved in political trials at the time but the person who shot Alfred Galois (a duel) was by the initials L. D., a member of the Society of Friends of the People (La Societe des Amis du Peuple, in France created in 1830, fighting for a republic and for political enlightenment of progressive workers. After the 1833 trial, the society ceased to exist, acc. to 2010 The Gale Group, Inc). And after - when she was only five - Elizabeth Stephane or Ines / Inessa was brought up by an aunt - new governess and grandmother living in Moscow - around 1880. Anna Asknazi vel Askenazy was friend of Inessa Armand in Moscow of 1909 and also doctor N. N. Pechkin, Boris Armand, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich / Константинович who helped out financially, Natalia Emil'evna, the twin Brilling brothers-in-law, Alexander Armand. At the age of eighteen she married
Alexander Armand, the son of Evgenii Armand, a successful textile manufacturer in Pushkino near by Moscow. At the age of 19 she knew only two languages until as adult she learned German and Polish.

Who was Inessa Armand? "Date of birth: May 8th 1874, according to Eglish Wiki, and April 26th 1874 – to Russian. Her father, a singer, is described almost identically everywhere, but her mother, Nathalie Wild, is called simply 'a comedian' in English Wiki, a 'half-French, half-English Jewish actress' in Russian. Other Russian-language sources mention only that her parents were 'actors', another one informs us that, possibly, her parents were not officially married at the time of her birth...".

Now few details about life of Inessa Armand. Source: http://creakypavillion.wordpress.com/.
Date of birth: May 8th 1874 or April 26th 1874. Her father, a singer, and her mother,
Nathalie Wild, a comedian or half-French, half-English Jewish actress. Inessa's mother, Natalie Wild, also came from a French family that had settled in Moscow, although her roots was from Franche-Comte of France. Her father was a language teacher, and the Wilds naturally came to know the Armands. Natalie back from Moscow to live with a French, Theodore Stephane, and Ines / Inessa had been born in Paris 1874, as the eldest of three girls, born four months before her parents were married. In Pushkino, the Wilds had friends.
In 1879 her father's contract with the Grand-Theatre in Lyons ended. The notices of his performances in such operas as The Thief of Baghdad, Rigoletto, and even Faust were often good. They returned to Paris, where he rejoined the Théâtre de la Gaietie, but the marriage with Natalie had become troubled, and they parted, leaving Natalie, pregnant. Natalie's mother and her sister, Sophie, visited Paris in 1879, probably to help Natalie. They took Inessa back with them to Moscow. Sophie was a tutor to various Moscow families, possibly at times to the Armands as a governess, and she and her mother educated Inessa at home. Inessa's father, by his death certificate, lived on, for six years - to 1885 - after she had left Paris in 1879. In 1889. doesn’t mention her sister, Inessa appeared in Russia again. Inessa had moved to Moscow with family and she moved directly into house of her future husband, Alexander Armand, because her aunt was employed there. In 1891, when Inessa was seventeen, her grandmother died, and mother Natalie brought her other two daughters to Russia to live in the Moscow apartment, probably near Kouznietsky-Most.
She and her sister played pianoforte; her aunt provided all her schooling and she received perfect education in Paris ? and Moscow. "Some say her aunt was forced to become a teacher to provide for her nieces", and she didn’t have a place for them to stay. Inessa and Renee just visited Armands and were acquainted with this family; next Inessa, also was a governess in Armand family.
Inessa had married when she was 19 in 1893 in Moscow. She married Alexander and her sister married into Armand family, with Boris or Nicolas. Inessa forced Alexander to marry her. Together with husband they opened a school for peasant children. She used her husband’s money for charity for prostitutes. She falls in love with his younger brother Vladimir, leaves Alexander. She never married Vladimir becasue she never formally divorced Alexander.
She became a member of a bolshevik organisation in 1904 or in 1903! In 1908 she jumped bail which her first husband Alexander paid for her, about 5000 rubles, and left Russia illegally. She joined Vladimir in Switzerland. She met Lenin in Paris or she met him in Brussels!
Inessa Armand was to become Lenin's lover, but without her marriage and husband, she might never have been to meet Lenin. The Armand family home was extraordinary. Originally four separate houses. Alexander's father, Eugene-Evgenii Evgenevich Armand lived with his two brothers, Emil and Adolf. Alexander's ancestor Paul was killed and Paul's son, Ivan, started a wine-import business. It was Ivan's son, the first Eugene, who founded the Armand fortunes. Alexander's father, also named Eugene, was converting from the Roman Catholic faith to Russian Orthodoxy, and Alexander, like most of his brothers and sisters, was Orthodoxy.

At least of 10 December 1908 Inessa Armand wanted to attend the First All-Russian Women's Congress in St Petersburg with her sister-in-law, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz / Константинович. Inessa was lover of Lenin since 1909 or 1910, but according to 'Correspondence of Lenin and ... organizations. 1903-1905 years', Volume 3, the first book, we know that Lenin sent a cliche of 'Iskra' / 'Sparks' at Dyuflon address in Yekaterinburg (p. 332, here also name of Konstantynowicz!) in 1903. "Inessa Armand. Revolutionary and Feminist" by R. C. Elwood, p.74 - Inessa was on her honeymoon with Lenin who showed up in Copenhagen without his wife Krupskaia. Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich / Константинович, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910. Inessa and Anna would finish the summer by attending the Conference of Socialist Women in Copenhagen. Inessa very likely was accompanied by her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, rather than by Lenin during the days of the 1910 congress. On Sunday 28 August 1910 after the Women's Conference had closed, Inessa and perhaps Anna Konstantinovich attended the opening ceremonies of the Eighth Congress of the Second International using two guest tickets obtained for Armand by Lenin in Copenhagen, according to P. P. Bulanov, Moscov 1925, 75. Dr. Edward Reilly from Australia when was visiting Marijampole, Lithuania, in Oct. 2003, had seen the grave of Lenin's (??) son, Guards Captain Andrej Armand, who fell in Oct. 1944 as the front Lenin, Anna Konstantynowicz / Константинович and Inessa Armand in train from Switzerland, Germany, Sweden to Finland, April 1917. Copyright by http://www.pseudology.org/Bank/PlombVagon85.htm pushed towards Prussia. 


When Lenin was writing to Inessa Armand to Moscow by 16 February 1920, asked her about any products which were sent to Konstantynowicz (according to 'Lenin in his life. ...' by Е. Н. Guslarov; address of Inessa: Nieglinnaja street, house 9, flat No 6; s. 226). 

Anna Konstantynowicz, Lenin Ulyanov and Inessa / Ines Armand in a sealed train, April 1917 The coup d'etat by Lenin in 1917 Lenin and his money

The Armand noble family

Paul Armand was born probably in 1770, acc. to unpublished memoirs of David L. Armand. Paul Armand with wife Angelica daughter of Charles (1765 in Alsatia - 1813 in Moscow) and with 14-year-old son, Jean (Jean / Ivan / Jean-Louis Armand born 1786 or 1798 - died 1855 in Moscowwent to Moscow in 1812, when Napoleon was in Moscow but this family has appeared in Russia at the end of the XVIII century, an escape from the terror of the French RevolutionWhen Napoleon had to withdraw, Paul had no choice to withdraw together with the French army (author Svetlana Alexandrovna Krylatov, a descendant of the family Kurtener, during a meeting of the descendants of the merchant families in the former Merchants Club in Malaya Dmitrovka in 1990). Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand was b. 1809 and died 1890, was a son of Jean Armand / Ivan and his first wife Elizabeth Osipovna (born 1788, died 1817) called Sabina, and the second wife was Marie Barbe, born Kolinon (1780 - 1872) who had a daughter Sophia, later married a Swede from Estonia, Jozef Hacker / Joseph Hakker / Osip Hecke / Hekke.

The COLLIGNON family in France was living in Lorraine 1835 (Meuse), Ile-de-France 1725, and in Russia 1858, in St Petersburg: Charles Collignon, engineer; Édouard Collignon - after graduating from the l'École polytechnique in 1849, in 1857 to 1862 he played an important role in the construction of railways from Saint Petersburg to Warsaw. Marie Barbe COLLIGNON (b. ca 1804 in Mercy-le-Haut, died 12 July 1883 in Tucquegnieux), married to Louis FLOSSE, born 10 April 1800, her father Joseph COLLIGNON b. 1774 in Mercy-le-Haut - his parents Nicolas COLLIGNON and Anne HURLAUX. Franēois Collignon b. 1673, his father Hubert Collignon; Nicolas Collignon was son of above Francois; Nicolas Collignon b. 1723, his son Nicolas Collignon 2nd b. 1752, granddaughter Marie Barbe Collignon (b. 1786, d. 1831 and completely different person then above Marie b. ca 1804) - her husband Franēois Navel.
Sabine father has name Evgen the 'first'.

Sophia was the daughter of Ivan from his second marriage and was born c. 1830, she was granddaughter of Paul that is Pavel. She married a Swede - Joseph Hekke (Hacker or Hakker) about 1850. No data about this Swede (from Eesti / Estland / Estonia). From this marriage was the oldest Maria Osipovna that is daughter of Osip / Joseph. She was born about 1851. The second child was 12 years later, and was born about 1863 - Sophia Osipovna. And about 1864 Alexandr son. When their parents died c. 1866, a guardian was appointed - uncle Evgeny 'second' Armand. He put children in his office in the Old Square and Evgeny hired a governess for the children about 1867.

In the second half of the 19th century lived with the Armand family a governess, girls Inessa and Rene Stefan, both were married to two brothers Armand, Alexander and Nicholas. Inessa Fedorovna in 1903, leaving her husband, lived with his brother Volodya and after escaping from exile in 1909, Inessa Fedorovna went to Switzerland, where she was waiting for Vladimir / Volodya.  Alexander went to Belgium, graduated on engineer to manage a factory of his father. After collectivization in 1930 he appealed to Alechinsky farm and lived until 1943.

Maria Osipovna was a musician and student of Nicholas Rubinstein (Nikolai Grigoryevich Rubinstein b. 1835 and was a Russian pianist, the younger brother of Anton Rubinstein; with Nikolai Pietrovich Trubetskoy / Prince Nikolai Petrovitch Troubetzkoy born 1828 died 1900, was the founder of the Moscow Conservatory). Sophia, daughter of Joseph was graduated from high school. Amateurishly painted. She was  in love with the youngest of the cousins ​​- Emil, third son of Eugene / Evgeny and soon married about 1883. The Catholic Church blessed the couple. Alexandr son of Joseph, wanted to become a monk, but he went to the army, and eventually became a police officer. 


Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / 
Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand
Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand was b. 1809 and died 1890, was a son of Jean Armand / Ivan and his first wife Elizabeth; was married to a Polish woman, Catholic - Mary Frantsevna Pashkovskaya / Maria Paszkowski (Пашковские) daughter of Franciszek. She was born 1819 died 1901 and was highly educated, c. 1840 studied painting in France; she was a woman of strong and humble disposition. Maria had a tender heart. In contrast to the position of her husband, his wife was educated, and drew quite well, in France she drew the ruins of castles and really liked them; Evgeny built in a park such ruins.  

Need to be check - she was next of kin of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski with the Zadora coat of arms who was born 12 October 1778 in Brody - d. 11 March 1856 in Cracow, friend of general Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

It's amazing that the October Revolution in 1917, which swept the Russian Empire, allowing the reconstruction of Poland, broke out just on the anniversary of the death of Tadeusz Kosciuszko, exactly the 100th anniversary of his death, and around Lenin appeared figures of the Polish nobility, which adopted a sense of the Kosciuszko Polish patriotism. "Instead, after the fall of Napoleon's empire in 1815 he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I in Braunau. In return for his prospective services, Kosciuszko demanded social reforms and territorial gains for Poland, which he wished to reach as far as the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east". On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms. Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire. The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization, but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities. This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland. Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state. Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

Dominik Paszkowski
born 1783 in Brody, the Lwow province; his father Jan Paszkowski was born c. 1750 and has got the Zadora coat of arms; married c. 1770 / 1777 and Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, general, was 
his first son.
His family:
colonel Jozef Paszkowski 1787 - 1858.

Franciszek Paszkowski
(Franciszek Jozef Wladyslaw Paszkowski) was born 1818 and died 1883, painter - who was studied painting in Rome 1839, acc. to J. Pachonski, and after was living in Cracow; here was member of the Science Cracow Association since 1848 - after 1873; his father Dominik Paszkowski was born 1783 in Brody and was brother of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski (b. 1778).
Jan, the grandfather of above named Franciszek - painter was living in Brody and was born circa 1750.
Father of Franciszek - Dominik Paszkowski (at a portrait) and brother (at a portrait) Jozef Edmund Paszkowski. The same Jozef Edmund Paszkowski b. 1817 and died 1861, poet and translator. Franciszek was a nephew of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski b. 1778 and the nephew of Wojciech Paszkowski, who was member of the independent authorities of Galicia in 1809; also he was the uncle of Franciszek Paszkowski, lawyer, b. 1853 died 1926.
Józef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski
with coat of arms of Zadora was born 3 January 1817 in Warsaw and
died 1861 in Warsaw, too; son of Dominik Paszkowski (father was born 1783 in Brody); he was related with Stompf family, the Lasocki from Lasocin with coat of arms of Dolega,  Kulikowski, Niemojewski, Gzowski families, his son Leon Ignacy Józef Paszkowski was related with Niemojewski and Falkiewicz.
Addition: Michal Paszkowski colonel of militia, died after 1819.

Maria Paszkowska that is Paszkovski has got three sons: Eugene / Eugeniusz the 'third', Adolph / Adolf and Emilie that is Emil Armand / Aрманд (Eugene born about 1842, Adolph b. circa 1845 and Emilie about 1847). All the sons had taken the house close to Pushkino factory c. 1875. The elder son, Eugene / Evgeny was a merchant of the first guild and trading - manufacturing advisor. His wife, Barbara Karlovna Demonets had 12 children, all the sons were married and all the daughters married: it was told about 39 grandchildren Eugene and Barbara Karlovna (all 42 cousins). His wife, Barbara Karlovna  - a woman of extraordinary kindness and care, shelter under his wing all. The brothers received education in Moscow, in France and Germany, mainly in the textile business and dyeing of fabrics. 
Evgenii Armand and his wife Varvara Karlovna (Barbara daughter of Karl Demonet / Carl de Monet's that is Charles Demonets or DEMONTET from Vaud province / Monnette / Demonsi Monnet) Demonets also had a very large family. Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow and in 1869 next child Alexander. Elizabeth-Ines Fedorovna Stephane fitted in nicely with her new family: Anna and Alexander Armand were slightly older than she, while Vladimir born in 1875, Evgeniia b. 1876 and Boris born 1878 were somewhat younger. According to: 'French settlers in Moscow and some of the descendants: Collection', the author-composer V. Egorov, Fedosov, ed. Moscow, 2005, p. 200-210 and Copyright © Institution 'Museum of entrepreneurs, philanthropists and benefactors', powered by Vadim Tretyakov: Evgeny and his wife Barbara Karlovna nee Demonsi had 12 children: Anna (1866 - 1932), Mary (1868 - 1942), Alexander (1870 - 1943), Vera (1871 - 1942), Nicholas (1872 - 1936), Vladimir (1874 - 1875), Eugene (1876 ​​- 1920), Boris (1878 - 1920), Sophia (1881 - 1941), Sergei (1882 - 1945), Barbara (1882 - 1966), Vladimir (1885 - 1909). Vladimir Armand joined a Social Democratic propaganda group in Moscow and was arrested but his sister Anna Evgen'evna helped finance party organizations. They lived in Pushkino,  according to JoAnn Ruckman, 'Moscow Business Elite...', edit. 1984, p. 61 and by Egor Nazarenko - a great grandson of one of Evgenii Armand's brothers. They owned house in Moscow, but in summer lived in Finland
The Eugene family intermarried with the families: Demonsi-Shnaubert-Mathiesen-Bunkin-Tsitsin, Konstantynowicz / Константинович and Manfred, Kohl - Osipov, Pampel / Papmel - Mazing, Vdovin, Stepanov, Stephen, Wild, Karasev, Fedosov, Egorov, Zhurin, Pichnikovyh - Shaposhnikov - Zilina, Cardo - Sysoev, Fallen, Shapiro, Romas and others.

A details:

Schnaubert or Shnaubert Ivan A.,
Professor of Chemistry at Kharkov University, b. about 1781 in Giessen in Hesse region. He studied at the Chemical Institute in Erfurt, Jena in 1803. In 1804 he was invited to Kharkov University and was appointed professor of chemistry.
Boris Shnaubert b. 1852

in Moscow and died October 1917, a Russian engineer and architect, he served on the Moscow - Kazan Railway.
Kazan ca 1870 - 1890? Repeatedly executed orders from wealthy merchant family Абрикосовых / Abrikosov 1900 - 1904 in Moscow.
See Demonets
and Anastasia Gruzinskaya from Daugavpils.

Demontet / Demonsi / Demonets, Kazan ca 1835 - 1839.
Demonsi Carl, the son of a Frenchman,
a native of Moscow, he studied at the Kazan univ. 1837, was prof. at the Kharkov Univ., died in 1867.
Demonsi was in 1864 a Moscow merchant 1st guild and a shareholder of a plants in the Urals.

Barbara Karlovna Armand from the Demonsi family was wife of Evgeny Armand.

Her sons:
1. Aleksandr E. Armand 1870 - 1943, wife Ines Armand Stéphane - his daughters Inna, Varvara, and sons Aleksandr Aleksandrovich, Fiedor Aleksandrovich, 2. Vladimir E. Armand 1874 - 1875, 3. Nikolaj / Nicholas E. Armand and his wife Rene / Maria Feodorovna Stéphane Armand 1872 - 1936, his son a. Pavel Nikolajevich Armand 1902 - 1964, his daughter Rene Pavlovna, b. daughter Marija Nikolayevna, 4. Boris Boris E. Armand 1878 - 1920, 5. Sergej / Siergiej / Sergey E. Armand 1882 - 1945, 5. daughters: Zofia / Sofija, Anna Evgenievna, Viera, Evgenija, Varvara, Maria / Marija.

On the Mathiesen family:
Mathiesen from Nęstved is a town in a municipality of the same name, located on the island of Zealand in Denmark. The town is one hour away from Copenhagen.
Anna Henrikke Petronelle Mathiesen from Oslo, Norway. Jorgen Arthur Mathiesen 1901 was a Norwegian landowner. The Vvedensky cemetry, Moscow: Alexander Eduard Mathiesen, died October 1881.

Mazing - Korkus in Livonia, from Estonia:
Revel, Dorpat, Narva and Viru / Wierland - Varstu Parish in Võru County, and from Riga, St. Petersburg in Russia.
Motherland - the former Livonia, Estonia present. According to legend from the Swedish soldier who settled after 1630 in St. Mary Magdalene in Kayavere in Livonia.
Kaiavere - village south-west of Maarja-Magdaleena, east of Mullavere, east of Puurmani, north from Tartu / Dorpat.
Mazing / Masing Edward Wilhelm b. 1836 from St. Petersburg; Michael Masing b. 1836, Russian - Turkish war of 1877, general. From Dorpat Leonhard Masing and Ernst Masing; Otto Wilhelm Masing from Ida-Virumaa and his son Carl Gustav Theodor Masing; Carl Johannes Masing b. 1811 Rakvere, Lääne-Virumaa, Eesti. From Piirsalu, Läänemaa east of Haapsalu, connected to Mari Masing and from Roela, Lääne-Viru County, Estonia - soth-east of Rakvere; and an area south of Viljandi - Valga county; also from Iisaku, Ida-Virumaa, Eesti. Heinkople Ado Masing b. ca 1833 d. 1896 in
Raikküla mõis Lipa, Harjumaa;
from Märjamaa Parish, Rapla County in western Estonia, east of Haapsalu. Christoph Otto Wilhelm Masing; Peter Otto Christoph Masing b. 1811, from Riga; Carl Michael Reinhold Masing, general of artillery.

The Manzing / Mansing / Masing family from Revel are not Estonian, only Swedish descendants and come from Sweden.

On the Bunkin family and Shnaubert:

Carl Shnaubert, a doctor, at the beginning of the XIX century in Moscow. Constantine Bunkin, Eng., took part in the construction of the first Soviet helicopter.

On the Tsitsin family: Natalia Tsitsin art restorer, a granddaughter of the architect Boris Shnaubert (born in 1925) and Maria - died in 1915. Boris Shnaubert died in 1917. Her father Konstantin Bunkin, engineer.

On the Manfred family:
Albert Z. Manfred 1906 St. Petersburg, his father

Manfred L. Zachar / Zakhar / Zahar, worked as a lawyer in St. Petersburg, the French language was Manfred native one. He studied in St. Petersburg.

About Pampel / Papmel:

Papmel Alexander d. 1958, in France; Papmel E., a native of Finland.

Pampel Eduard 1884 - 1952, Germany, began his career in Russia: Lessner factory in St. Petersburg 1911, then entered the factory Becker in Revel; he worked at the aerodynamic laboratory of the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute 1917, shipbuilding division Putilov factory. Plant Becker was in Revel that is Revel Shipyard BECKER & Co. / Joint Stock Company 'metallurgical, mechanical and shipbuilding plants Becker & Co.' in Reval / Tallinn. During the First World War, it had to be evacuated to Novorossiysk, where it is located on the site of a small factory Muller, Lampe & Co., after which he ever lost shipbuilding specialization. The factory made ​​machine-gun and artillery tower installation of armored trains.

Adolf and his wife, Alexandra, nee Lengold had three children: Andrew (1875 - 1884), Helen (1876 - 1958) and Margaret (1881 - 1882). They intermarried with the families of Repman, Gauthier, Doble, and others.
     Emil E. was married to Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke). They had six children: Leo (1880 - 1942), Natalie (1881 - ?), Mary (1883 -), Sophia (1885 - 1923?), Paul (1887 - 1892), Eugene (1890 -). They intermarried with the family Kindinger and others.

As a young man, Evgeny Armand was a clerk - official at a German factory in Vanteevke near by Bolshevo about 1845, i
n 1853 Evgeny bought dyeing factory in Pushkino, Moscow Province, from the French owner, Favard; in 1859, Evgeny build a second factory close to this one; c. 1865 Evgeny built a house and made it his residence. In addition there were houses in Moscow, four-story office in the Old Square, at the corner Varvarka, an apartment house in the German market, the trading house on Vozdvizhenka street near the Arbat Square. They were co-owners of the Firm 'E. Armand and his sons', and two textile factories in the Moscow suburb, owned houses in Moscow and estates in the suburbs, were members of the charitable community organizations.  

A brothers Brilling, Nicholas R. and Eugene R., big engineers of engines, operating in the Soviet era and even after World War II, Nikolai Romanovich was a famous theorist, honored worker of science, the brothers were married to two sisters Armand. There were another of the next of kin, Dr. Kohl and K. Fedosov and KonstantynowiczThe middle brother, Adolph E. was, in contrast to his elder brother. Three brothers lived lavishly, but these great bourgeois clan Armand began to decline but t
he 'Evgenii Armand and Sons' Company by 1912 had two thousand employees. However, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, all Armand continued to live in Pushkino and Nicholas Vladislavovich Ivinsky was here as governor.  

1909 - 1910 

Battleships 'Sevastopol', 'Petropavlovsk', 'Poltava' and 'Gangut' were laid in June 1909 in Petersburg and the construction of new battleships required the use of private businesses: 'Kulebaki association Prodamet', 'Metal',  'Putilov', Obukhov, 'G. A. Lessner' and of course for electrical equipment, plants 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.', 'Volta', 'Universal Company of Electricity', 'Geisler and Erickson'.
Acc. to: R. M. Melnikov, 'The battleship "Emperor Pavel I" 1906 - 1925', "... the beginning of all this work (with 'Emperor Pavel I') relates to 1906, when the plants have started to implement orders in mine arms, and until 1912 the ship is in a period of buildings and testing. During this time, were made all the principal mine works, equipped with facilities, installed devices, pumps, duct, radio, floodlights, alarm systems and all electrical installations. Since 1912, the ship enters into ... fleet ... Ship's electrical systems ... the ship in 1911 taken from plants: the Baltic, Volta, Geisler, 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' and from the Kronshtadt port. ... In 1911, on the march back from Kronstadt to Revel was acceptance ... electric steering device, manufactured by the 'Volta'. ... there are two portable electric water turbines made by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' tested in 1912 ... Two electric winches ... were installed at the ship and manufactured by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' in 1911. ... shunt motor for polishing metal capacity of 1 kilowatt ... in 1911 made by the 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' and installed on a ship ... In 1912, from the plant of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', were two 90-cm projectors of Sotter with gilt metal parabolic reflectors. Spotlight placed on the anterior and posterior bridges on the rails, which can be rolled from side to side...".

The Ministry of the Navy ordered 32 of the fortress spotlight diameter of 210 cm of an Italian company 'Officine Galileo' for Revel at the beginning of 1914. When the war began contract was terminated, and the Castle Management Committee arranged a competition among Russian electrical engineering firms. 16 spotlights a diameter of 200 cm gave Russian branch of the Siemens - Schuckert factory in St Petersburg, and spotlights with smaller diameters (all 60) - The Company electromechanical structures (former 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz'). In the meantime, had to interrupt the test of Italian spotlight (The Officine Galileo / Galileo Workshop is an important Italian manufacturer of scientific instruments; at present - scientific instruments for satellites; located in Campi Bisenzio, in the province of Florence, 1862 by Giovanni Battista Donati, Angelo Vegni, and after Guglielmo Marconi; 1873, the production was extended to electric tools, lighting, optical instruments, periscopes, stereoscopic rangefinders) and set it on the Weems peninsula. The War Department has transferred to the fortress a spotlights to the north coast of the island Nargen and another on Surop peninsula near Marah.


Curiosity: on 28 August 1909 a robbery at a very mysterious circumstances, committed in the night of August 14 at the factory company 'L. Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' on Lopukhinsky Street. The plant was guarded by night watchmen, but from the office was stolen 5000 rubles. The money were intended for delivery to the workers. One key had got a porter, the other an accountant and no traces on the walls.
In 1910 reveals 'Aeronautic Division' of 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' in St. Petersburg to deliver a business aviation on an industrial basis.

1892 -  1910 


"In 1892, Swiss citizen, L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon (built in St. Petersburg plant for the production of electrical equipment and) opened in St. Petersburg 'Electrical studio'. In the same year 1892 L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon concluded a cooperation agreement with Moscow businessman A. Konstantinovich / Константинович / Apollon (Apollo) Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl / Wasilij Константинович, the owner of the technical office. Copyright by Encyclopedia of Russian Merchants, E-mail: okipr@yandex.ru © 2004 ОБЩЕСТВО КУПЦОВ И ПРОМЫШЛЕННИКОВ. Apollo / Apollon Konstantynowicz / Константинович with wife Anna Armand
Together they take on more complex projects, and soon the company was the first military orders. Only a few years, and its mechanisms and electrical devices are mounted on Russian shipyards, battleships and to coastal artillery batteries ... in 1896 Konstantynowicz and K. Dyuflon build a new plant and establish joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and company'. The firm 'Deca' in addition to the main office in St. Petersburg, which was headed by Dyuflon opens branch in Moscow (headed by Konstantynowicz / Константинович). Soon the production of 'Deca' is widely known, and representative of JSC appear in Kharkov and Yekaterinburg / Ekaterinburg, address: Main Avenue, the Izboldin house, ... industrial regions of Ukraine, Tavria, Volga and Ural. Business are growing along with demand for high quality equipment. It is planned to open offices in Kronstadt, Revel (now Tallinn), Nikolayev and Sevastopol. For the development of new products plant 'Deca' in St. Petersburg is equipped with latest imported equipment specially purchased in France, England and America, but do not stop and his own. Beginning of the twentieth century marked ... the conquest of the air disaster. There are first guided balloons - airships and fundamentally new type of technology - the airplane. While this is not transportation, but rather fun. Undertake the construction of single-aircraft enthusiasts. ... of 1910 reveals 'Aeronautic Division' in St. Petersburg to deliver a business aviation on an industrial basis. In 1912 JSC 'Deca' is participating in the tender for the construction of airships for the military departments of Russia. The airship was constructed in full conformity with technical specifications and tested in 1913. The experiment was considered successful and commercially viable, and in the same year was founded a specialized aviation workshop as a structural part of the company 'Deca' (shareholders are thinking about such promising areas as aeronautics and aviation and aircraft engines). When the First World War broke out, JSC 'Deca' has received a loan to expand aircraft production under the production of airplanes and engines, from domestic materials. But space, material and manpower resources to carry out new plans in the Russian capital was not enough, and we had to consider options for building a new plant in the province. Among them was a small town Aleksandrovsk in Ekaterinoslav province" (Copyright 2006 - 2011 by 'Science & Technology', No 10 (53), 2010). 

The 'Duflon and Konstantinovich' Company Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8:

Evgeny / Armand Evgenii / Evgenij Evgienievich Armand - Chairman, hereditary honorable citizen, counselor, chairman of the Board of the Association of woolen goods factory 'Eugene Armand and his sons'; chairman of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company'; Maria Paszkowska / Paszkovski has got three sons: Eugene / Eugeniusz the 'third', Adolph / Adolf and Emilie / Emil Armand / Aрманд (Eugene born about 1842, Adolph b. circa 1845 and Emilie about 1847), Eugene / Evgeny was a merchant of the first guild and trading - manufacturing advisor; his wife, Barbara Karlovna Demonets / De Monets or DEMONTET had 12 children,

Nikolai Danilovich Liesienko
who represented the interests of the company in St. Petersburg
1906 - 1914,

Louis F. Duflon who lived since 1908 in Switzerland,

Alexander E. Armand /
Armand Alexandr, hereditary honorable citizen and candidate for Board Member of the Association of woolen factory 'Eugene Armand and Sons'; a board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company',

count Sergei von Gernet son of Pavel Gernet from Estland province, Von Gernet S. P., a nobleman, a retired captain and board member: the Company 'Bahmugskaya salt' / society 'Bahmutskiy salt', the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' and the Company of metallurgical, mechanical and shipbuilding plants 'Becker and Co.',

Emil I. Ramseyer - Swiss citizen, the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, chairman of the Board of the 'Atlas' Society in St. Petersburg; his brother Ramseyer Y. I., Swiss citizen was also the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank and Director of the Company 'Sormovo',

count Albert R. de Gern / Gernet ? / де Герн граф Альберт Романович Earl, member of the Russian-French Chamber of Commerce, Board Member: The Russian-French Commercial Bank and the Society of the Bryansk factories; the secretary of French society 'Russian Mining and Metallurgical Union', the French agent in Russia, and member of the board of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company,

Masson Ph. Charles / CHARLE Masson son of Philiberte / Antoine Philibert Masson / Masson Antoine-Philibert (name Masse by Russian language) was Vice - Chairman of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon' in St. Petersburg (then L. L. Nobel succeed him) and a member of the Board of Nabpolts (Moscow).

His father probably:
Antoine Philibert Masson / Masson Antoine-Philibert, born 1806 in Auxonne and died 1860 in Paris, is a French physicist; "...he was responsible for the invention of the induction coil (with Louis Breguet) that bears Ruhmkorff's name. He realized tests telegraph transmission in ... Caen (in 1831, after a year of teaching mathematics at Montpellier, he moved to Caen, where he taught physical sciences at the College Royal until 1839; unaware of the discoveries of Joseph Henry or William Jenkins, Masson in 1834 observed independently the self-induction of a voltaic circuit; he described his investigation of this phenomenon and, ... demonstrated the tetanic effect of a series of rapidly repeated self-induced currents; ... Masson constructed some of the earliest induction coils). His research and publications cover areas as diverse as photometry, induction, the movement of fluids ... Antoine MASSON is the descendant of a family of cloth merchants from Burgundy. His father, Pierre Antoine Masson Fourth (the name of his wife) had studied pharmacy ... and will move to Dijon when the young Antoine just 6 years. ...In 1839, he was appointed professor of physics at the ... Ecole Centrale de Paris. With Breguet, it carries an electric telegraph in 1838 and in 1841, the first inductor to study electrical discharges in rarefied gases (in 1841, together with Louis Breguet, he described a high-tension induction coil of the type Ruhmkorff subsequently perfected ... in 1836 successfully defended a doctoral thesis elaborating Ampere's work in electrodynamics, Masson had returned to Paris and from 1841 taught physics at the Lycee Louis-le-Grand and at the Ecole Centrale ... until his death in 1860). Thereafter, the coil will keep the name Ruhmkorff coil... Masson ... establish the theory of wind instruments ("...between 1844 and 1854 he conducted an intensive investigation of the spark produced by electrical discharges through various media; ... with L. Courtepee and J. C. Jamin, he also examined ... the absorption of radiant heat and light by different substances ... he investigated aspects of electrical telegraphy, acoustics, the elasticity of solid bodies, and the discharge of induction coils through partial vacuums, as well as related chemical and physical problems").
... biography of MASSON family.
In 1830, Victor, cousin of Anthony, goes to PARIS ... publish several technical books and ... Victor Masson became the founder of Editions Masson...".

Nobel L. L. (descendant of Ludvig and Edla Nobel),
 Ludvig Alfred Lullu Nobel, 1874 - 1935, hereditary honorable citizen, Director of the Company 'Gear-Tsitroen' (Citroen) and board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' and a machine factory of Company 'Ludvig Nobel'.

Descendants of Immanuel Nobel, the younger b. 1801 and Andriette Ahlsell: Robert Nobel b. 1829, Alfred Nobel b. 1833 - the inventor of dynamite, instituted the Nobel Prizes, Emil Oskar Nobel and Ludvig Immanuel Nobel b. 1831 - is buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery in St. Petersburg.
Descendants of Ludvig and Mina Nobel: Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 d. 1932 (Branobel's second president and being interested in the encryption business correspondence, Carl Wilhelm Hagelin and Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel were an investors of the AB Cryptograph Company, in the production cipher machines developed Arvid Damm, like a rotary machine Electrocryptograph B-1), Carl Nobel b. 1862;
and descendants of Ludvig and Edla Nobel: Esther Wilhelmina Olsen-Nobel, Ludvig Alfred (Lullu) Nobel b. 1874 (Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company), Ingrid Hildegard Nobel-Ahlqvist b. 1879, Marta Helena Nobel-Oleinikoff b. 1881, Rolf Nobel, Emil Waldemar Ludvig Nobel and last Gustaf Oscar Ludvig.

Zhurnollo L. A. (Dziurnollo?), engineer and commerce adviser, factory director and board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', a board member of the Society of Tver city railway,

Mr Breguet - the engineer of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', company representative, Swiss citizen and friend of Drzewiecki.

And others top members of the 'Duflon...':
Azbelev Peter Pavlovich, b. Febr. the 27, 1868 in Vologda, a retired major-general of the Russian fleet, P. P. Azbelev also was Director of the Electromechanical Plant of the Society 'Dyuflon,  Konstantynowicz and Company'; a board member of society 'Bahmutskiy salt',
Fedor Illarionovich Stupak - in 1898 he was appointed to the plant manager and in 1911 to the position of chief engineer of the plant 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' in St Petersburg (to 1916),
Valentin Petrovich Vologdin, 1881 - 1953, Valentin Petrovich was working as technical director of 'Duflon...',
Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling, elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either  Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918.

Source: 'amburger' domain:
Sergius Gernet Pavlovič, b. 12.12.1859 / 24.12.1859 in Narva, Russia; education: a Seeschool, from 15 September 1875, Guard Marin Fleet from 05 January 1879; a training from 28 January 1884, merchant navy 20 October 1886, reserve 02 December 1890 as Kptn. 2 class, occupation: 'Gov. Duflon and Konstantinovič and Co.' 1912; ownership, owner of 'Tudor' Factory in Petersburg 1897; 30 August 1880 'micman', from 01/01/1885 Lieutenant, from 02/12/1890 Cptn 2 Class,

Louis Duflon Francov. born in Villeneuve, died 1930; wife Duflon, Marie Josephine. Top member of the Duflon and Konstantinovič Comp., from Swiss, Vaud district; mathematicians and ownership of the 'Duflon, Konstantinovič and Co. Mechan. Workshop', Saint Petersburg from 1893, owner of factory 08/06/1901 (Rauber, industry).

Edward Duflon / Eduard, from Swiss; owner of Duflon, Konstantinovič & Company Mechan. Workshop 1895 in Saint Petersburg. Acc. to 'amburger' we have two different figures with last name Duflon.

Emil Ramseyer Iv., born 1863 and died 1925; from Swiss, Bern, occupation: 'Gov. Peter. Loan (Učetnyj i Ssudnyj Bank) Bank' in 1917; Chrm. of the 'Atlas Petrograd'; top member of the 'Deka' that is Duflon, Konstantinovič and Co.; top member of "Volta" and Oil N. Hartmann.

The Ramseyer family from Neuchātel, close to border on France, and area north of Lausanne and Neuchatel: La Chaux-de-Fonds is a Swiss city of the district of La Chaux-de-Fonds in the canton of Neuchātel. It is located few kilometres south of the French border. Its growth and prosperity is mainly bound up with the watch making industry. It is the most important centre of the watch making industry in the area known as the Watch Valley. Completely destroyed by a fire in 1794; from St-Aubin-Sauges north of Lausanne, Grindlachen, Bern in Switzerland; from Siebnen and Steffisburg north-east of Lousanne, Tavannes, north of Neuchatel.

Villeneuve is a municipality of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, located ca 30 km east-south of Lausanne; Duflon family gone from Nimes 1584, Lutry 1852, Neuchatel, in Paris 1801 - 1877 Louis Duflon and Duflon J.-F., landlord in Bouligneux in France west of Geneve. Franēois / Franēoise Duflon from Riex (Lavaux) and Villeneuve was born in 1831 in La Tour-de-Peilz, where his father was a teacher. He attended the College of Vevey, where he was a professor; 1876 Lausanne, 1906 d'Ardon, south-east of Villeneuve. La Tour-de-Peilz east from Lausanne, close to Villeneuve, 15 km.

Acc. to A. SAUTER, 'RELIEUR...', ed. NEUCHATEL and Geneve, 1899: Valais, ...societe evalaisanne des Sciences naturelles, Vice-President: M. Emile Burnat, a Nant-sur-Vevey, M. Wilczek from Lausanne and M. F. Duflon from Villeneuve.

Acc. to: The Electrician, October 16, 1885:
"...Copper and bronzes prepared under such conditions are much used for aerial telegraph and telephone lines... A Wheatstone bridge, a differential galvanometer, a battery of four cups, and a contact key complete the apparatus. ... And made upon a great number a specimens, were made in part by the writer at the workshop at Angouleme with the assistance of Messrs. X. Muller and J. Stahl, engineers of the establishment, and partly by M. Duflon, electrical engineer in the measuring room of M. Sciami, director of the Maison Breguet. These latter experiments were those made upon the bars themselves. ... Their conductivities compared with silver and pure copper are given in the ... table: silver...".

Emmanuel Nobel / Immanuel the younger b. 1801 died 1872, the inventor of underwater mines. In 1842 - 1859 he lived in St. Petersburg, where he founded a mechanical plant. Robert E. Nobel (1829 - 1896) was born in Sweden but his mother came to St. Petersburg and since 1850 he has worked at the factory of his father, after worked for many years in companies that founded together with his brothers: Alfred Bernhard Nobel b. 1833, founder of the Nobel Prizes - in Russia became acquainted with the works of Zinin and V. F. Petrushevskii / Pietruszewski in chemical engineering nitroglycerin. Ludvig Nobel b. 1831 died 1888, member of the Russian Technical Society, in St. Petersburg acted for 'Ludwig Nobel' / 'Russian diesel', in 1876 he founded with brothers Robert and Alfred and with his sons:
Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and
Carl:
Oil Industry Company / Branobel / Tovarichtchestvo Nephtanavo Proisvodtsva Bratiev Nobel in Baku. He moved with his mother Andriette and brothers Robert and Alfred to St Petersburg in 1842 where his father Immanuel had set up a factory. He bought his own smaller factory that he called the 'Machine-Building Factory Ludvig Nobel'. There, he made cannons, gun carriages, underwater mines and artillery missiles, machine tools, hydraulic presses. Together with Russian Major General Peter A. Bilderling and his brother, he built up a model factory in Izhevsk in the Urals. Ludvig and his son Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859, visited Baku in 1876. In 1879, the 'Naftaproduktionsaktiebolaget Bröderna Nobel', shortened to Branobel, was formed in St. Petersburg.

Above Ludvig Immanuel Nobel b. 1831, was an engineer, m. 1st. time in 1858 to Mina Ahlsell and 2nd time in 1871. Ludvig ran the company with his sons Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and Carl. His first and illegitimate child, Hjalmar Crusell, was head of a laboratory and the closest person in St Petersburg.
Most of the people in the managerial staff were Swedes, but was also a man from Norway, Hans Olsen who came to Kronstadt to work in 1880 and met Ludvig Nobel's sons, Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and Carl, in the Russian capital.

Second person Michael Belyamin, born in 1831 worked with Ludvig Nobel as an engineer with management responsibilities. In 1880 he was elected as a member of the Supervisory Board of the company to 1899. His son, Michael Belyamin jr, was a mining engineer and lived in St. Petersburg until 1919. Above named Peter Bilderling, born in 1844 was from a Courlandish noble family, was promoted to the rank of major general. He was one of the members of the Branobel administration from 1885 and one of the members of the Supervisory Board of the company until he died. Ludvig’s first child was born out of wedlock in 1856. His name was Hjalmar Crusell. Ludvig married his cousin Wilhelmina Mina Ahlsell who died in 1869. Together they had the children Emanuel, born in 1859, Carl in 1862 and Anna in 1866. Ludvig later married Edla Colin and they had seven children: Mina born in 1873, Ludvig in 1874 that is Ludvig Alfred Lullu Nobel (1874 - 1935) was married 1901 to Mary Minnie Johnson b. 1876, Ingrid in 1879, Marta in 1881, Rolf in 1882, Emil in 1885 and Gosta in 1886. Above Emmanuel Nobel Jr. b. 1859 in 1888 - 1917 headed the company 'Ludwig Nobel' and other enterprises and he played an important role in business organizations in Russia. In early 1918, went to Sweden.

Ludwig Nobel and then his son Emmanuel, who skillfully managed the 'Branobel' till 1920, when Bolshevik Red Army invaded in Baku and nationalized the oil industry, considered Baku (Villa Petrolea) as their second home.

All above data according to http://www.branobelhistory.com/themes/the-nobel-brothers/ludvig-nobel-enters-the-fight-for-oil/ by editor@branobelhistory.com. Under copyright with statement: 'Use of Content from this Website. The Centre for Business History in Stockholm (CBHS) provides the content on this website. The CBHS invites visitors to use its online content for personal, educational and other non-commercial purposes. By using the Branobel History Website, you accept and agree to abide by the following terms...'. Above Major General Peter A. von Bilderling co-operated with Alfred Nobel, Robert Nobel, I. J. Zabelsky / Zabielski, Baron Alexandre von Bilderling, Fritz Blumberg, Michel Beliamin, A. S. Sundgren and Benno Wunderlich. Baron Peter von Bilderling born in St. Petersburg in 1844 - died at Zapolie in 1900 close to Luga, was an engineer and engineering officer of the Russian Imperial Army. He is the brother of Baron Alexander von Bilderling, the general who participated in the Russo-Japanese War. From a noble family originally German - Baltic but Orthodox, his father Alexander Grigoryevich Otto Hermann von Bilderling was lieutenant general in Engineering Corps. His grandfather George Sigismund von Bilterlings in Mitau in Courland / Jelgava in Latvia. His mother was descended from a family of Polish nobility untitled, the Doliwo - Dobrowolski / Dobrowolski with coat of arms Doliwa. Died September 25, 1900 at his home in Zapolie near Luga, where he is buried, a major in 1861 after the Mikhailovsky Artillery Academy with 1st class, the Guard of the Grand Duke Nicolas, He served at the Caucasus. He was married twice 1. Sofia Vladimirovna Westman and 2nd to Natalia Alexandrovna Barantzov. His descendants migrated to Cannes and Nice. In 1872 he signed an agreement with Ludvig Nobel providing machine tools. His sons Vladimir and Peter Alexander or George and Peter, daughter Baroness Natalia Petrovna Bilderling. Well-known electrical engineer Mikhail Dolivo - Dobrovolsky Osipovich was his cousin: Michal Doliwa Dobrowolski / Michael Osipovich / Mikhail Osipovich Dolivo Dobrovolsky b. 1861 / 1862, Gatchina, Russian electrical engineer of Polish descent, in a large noble family.
Michael was the oldest child.
Grandfather Florian b. 1776 came from Poland to St. Petersburg. Michal Doliwa Dobrowolski completed the Riga Polytechnic Institute, Darmstadt Higher Technical School, where opened electrical laboratory with special attention to the electrochemistry, the preparation of aluminum. Dolivo - Dobrovolsky invited to join the firm AEG (Allgemeine Elektricitats-Gesellschaft), where in 1909 he was appointed director and served in that capacity until his death, made the induction motor, a rotor with windings in the form of a squirrel cage, 1889 was built
(after Nikola Tesla -
Acc. to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Tesla Nikola Tesla b. 1856, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, the designer of the modern alternating current electricity supply system. Tesla gained experience in telephony and electrical engineering, 1884 worked for Thomas Edison. His patented induction motor and transformer were licensed by George Westinghouse, he is known for his high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments in New York, the invention of radio communication, for his X-ray experiments, and for his ill-fated attempt at intercontinental wireless transmission - and G. Ferraris)
three-phase induction motor capacity of about 100 watts and generators; built the electrical system for the transmission of three-phase of 8500 V, the three-phase transformer, small hydro power plant with three-phase synchronous generator. Acted in St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute, which opened in 1899, after 1914 moved to Switzerland. In 1918, he again went to Berlin.
And few different details: Michal Doliwo-Dobrowolski, the main engineer of Berlin company AEG, for the development of a three-phase system. Invented the three-phase squirrel cage motor. Born January 2, 1862 / December 21, 1861 in Gatchina, near to St. Petersburg. Son of Joseph Dobrowolski, grandson of Florian Dobrowolski. Great-grandson of Joseph Doliwo-Dobrovolsky born about 1750 in the Mscislaw province of Poland.

DOLIWA coat of arms to the Doliwo-Dobrowolski family in the 1st half of the 19 century from Russian hands. This family lived in the Borisov district, village Малое Стахово / Maloye Stahovo, Bielaja Luza in Zodinsk / Zodino area / Жодино, Zodino / Shodino in the Minsk government; Doliwa-Dobrowolski also in Berezyna in 1864; at the beginning of the 20th century in Sienno in Vicebsk / Witebsk area - village Kokovtsino / Kokowczino / Коковчино and Papino 18 km of Bogushevsk / Богушевск. Добровольски / Dobrowolski in Chausy / Tshausy / Czausy district, the Mohilev government, Proskowia Dobrowolski daughter of Zachary Dobrowolski m. Prokopovich, born 1913 with brother Aleksander Dobrowolski or Aleksiej b. 1916.

Zachar Dobrowolski coat of arms Doliwa, lived in village Novosielki, 2 km west of Golovientsitsy (Головенчицкая волость), 14 km west-south Chausy / Czausy, south-east of Mogilev and village Smolki / Smolka / Смолка 13 km west of Novosielki.

See on the Brujewicz family!
Children of Dmitrij Brujewicz: Michail / Michal Boncz Brujewicz and his wife Eudokia Dobrowolski daughter of Porfir / Porfirion Dobrowolski. She was born 1870, d. 1943. Michail Boncz Brujewicz b. 24 Febr. 1870 in Moscow, died 1956 in Moscow, too. Second son of Dmitrij: Wladimir Boncz Brujewicz, b. 1873 in Moscow, d. 1955 in Moscow. Wife Wiera Wieliczkina, married in Geneve, Switzerland. Wiera was born 1868. His second wife Anna Tinkier vel Tynker daughter of Semen / Zenon Tynker. Anna Tinker was the first wife of Solomon Czernomordik son of Isajew / Izak.

Above named Michael's Dobrowolski mother Olga is a daughter of Mikhail Jewrejn. Between 1862 to 1872 Michael Dobrovolsky / Michail / Michal Dobrowolski lived in Gatchina. 1872 to 1878 Odessa. 1878 - 1880 Department of Chemistry, Riga Polytechnical Institute, where he teaches in German, but were many Poles. 1881 to 1883 in St. Petersburg, Odessa, Novorossiysk. He has been worked at the Widder plant in St. Petersburg. 1883 Hesse in Germany. Here to 1884. Again in 1887 in Odessa. 1887 - 1903 worked for Emil Rathenau - AEG.
1903 - 1907 Lausanne.
1907 Berlin: electric motors, electric power consumption meter. According to the professors Krolikowski Lech and Zbigniew Woyndrowski, he came from a noble family Doliwa Dobrowolski, of the Mscislaw province, from the region of Mogilev on the Dnieper. 1772 in Russia, as the governorate Mogilev. Florian Dobrowolski born 1776 died in 1852, the son of Joseph Dobrowolski coat Doliwa, born about 1750; Florian's wife Maria Szaltuch, a daughter of Fyodor Szaltuch.

Florian Dobrowolski served in the Russian Army. 1822 - 1824 lives in Mogilev on the Dnieper. 1799 verified nobility in Mogilev. It is then an inspector of the military field post, as well as the police chief in Mogilev on the Dnieper. 1812 - 1814 the Napoleonic Wars, 1814 siege of Paris. Florian had 9 children. The youngest son is Joseph Dobrowolski. Joseph has the son Michael Doliwo-Dobrowolski. Joseph was born in August 1824 in St. Petersburg. 1854 to 1855 the Crimean War, he served in the Russian Army in the rank of colonel. Director of the Institute for Orphans in Gatchina near Petersburg. Married to Olga Jewrejn, daughter of Mikhail Jewrejn.

In 1918

Abram Ioffe

[b. 1880, son of Fedor; completion of the St. Petersburg Technological Institute in 1902] became a  head of Physics and Technology division in State Institute of Roentgenology and  Radiologythe i.e. Physico - Technical Institute where a group of young physicists worked:

B. P. Konstantynowicz,

I. V. Kurczatow = Kurchatov,

Lev Landau [son of David, born 1908 in Baku; his father was an engineer who worked in the Baku oil industry; since 1927 he continued research at the Leningrad Physico - Technical Institute],

P. L. Kapitsa [Piotr = Pyotr Kapica was born July 08/June 26, 1894 in Kronstadt; he was son of Leon or Leonid Kapica - a military engineer, lieutenant general in the Russian engineers corps, Pole with the Kapica i.e. Jastrzebiec diverse coat of arms, see:
http://www.jurzak.pl/gendyna.pl?kd=1&hb=0504

  - and

Olga Stebnicki who was daughter of Hieronim Stebnicki, Pole with the Przestrzal coat of arms, see: http://www.przodkowie.com/niesiecki/s/stebnicki/5915.php?lit=s.

  The grandson of Piotr Kapica senior; received his preparatory education in Kronstadt and next educated at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute, "he graduated in 1918 with a degree in electrical engineering" (or 1919) on

Electromechanics Department;

he remained there as a lecturer until 1921; he went to England and there he worked with Ernest Rutherford; in 1934, Kapica went to Soviet Union] and others [quantum electronics, electromagnetic waves] - see
http://depts.washington.edu/hssexec/newsletter/1997/graham.html.


The foremost expert in the radio valves in the tsarist Russia was Michail (2nd) Boncz Brujewicz (Bonch-Bruevich b. 1888 in Orjol - d. 1940; son of   Aleksander (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich who stayed in Kiev since 1896), electrician and engineer after completion of the "Nikolai -  Ingenieurschule" in Petersburg 1914; he served in the Russian army as a professional officer, expert of electron lamps and radiolocation1915 - 1919 made a study of radio valves and organized the first production of one as chief of high - frequency's section in the Central  laboratory of War  Department in middle of 1917 (the first  broadcast valves  and valve sets appeared in Russian Air Force in 1917); director of the radio  valves laboratory in 1918 - 1920 and author of the broadcasting station's project in Moskow of 1922; his son Aleksej Bonch - Bruevich (b. 1916) was the Soviet expert of electron tubes, too.


The Physico - Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Sergei Pietrovich Kapitsa

b. February 14, 1928 in Cambridge, Soviet and Russian physicist, the son of the Nobel Prize Kapitza /

П. Л. Капица, grandson of A. N. Krylov / А. Н. Крылов, the Russian mathematician and shipbuilder, and the great-nephew of the famous French biochemist Henry Victor / Victor Henri, Krylov - on his mother side, Anna Alekseevna. The great-grandson of a geographer И. И. Стебницки / I. I. Stebnicki that is Ierome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki, the elder brother of А. П. Капицa / A. P. Kapitsa.

  Father - Peter Leonidovich Kapitsa - the famous physicist and Nobel Prize winner, mother - Anna A. Krylov, the daughter of Alexei Krylov, Russian ship builder, an expert in the field of mechanics, mathematics. Above named Krylov, Alexey / Крылов, Алексей Николаевич / Alexei Krylov b. in August 1863, 1878 he entered the Naval Academy, he graduated with honors in 1884, worked in the Hydrographic Office of P. Kolong, study of the magnetic deviation, in 1887 Krylov moved to (since 1892 the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in St Petersburg; before 1892 Duflon acted in the Breguet Company in Petersburg owned by the Brown family from London) the Franco - Russian plant, and then continued his studies at the shipbuilding department of the Nicholas Naval Academy. 1890 he remained at the Academy. According to the memoirs of Krylov, since 1887, his specialty was ship-building, the application of mathematics to various issues of maritime affairs and expanded the theory of William Froude, 1896 he was elected a member of the British Society of Naval Architects, proposed the gyroscopic damping roll. His daughter Anna, became the wife of Kapitza. Since 1900, Krylov cooperates with Stepan Osipovich Makarov, Admiral and scientist and shipbuilder.

Acc. to an Academician A. N. Krylov / Kriloff, 'My memories' on Stepan Karlovic Drzewiecki:
It was a talented engineer and inventor, with whom Krylov was friendly to April 1938.
He knew Drzewiecki in November 1878, at age 15, being at the Naval College (Admiral Gregory I. Butakov died in the summer of 1882, as a teacher of the fleet, with an architect I. G. Bubnov and Captain 2nd rank M. N. Beklemishev, cooperated on the project of submarine 'Dolphi').
Krylov met Drzewiecki many times in the technical society. In January 1886 was organized the first Electrical Exhibition. At this exhibition participated main hydrographic office, with the last sample of a compass 'de Kolong' and also participated a Parisian firm 'Breguet', with two instruments invented by the French Navy admiral Fournier: among others dromoskop. I. A. Shestakov and Main Hydrographic office was instructed to investigate these devices (I. P. de Kolong, Lieutenant N. M. Yakovlev and Krylov who met Drzewiecki). This work was later published in 'Sea collection'.

Krylov soon teamed up with the Petersburg department of the company 'Breguet', on dromoskop. Krylov then met with the engineer Dyuflon, a representative of 'Breguet', Swiss, friend of Drzewiecki.

Drzewiecki occupied a luxury apartment of the house No 6 Admiralty Street. In the evenings, guests of Drzewiecki were brothers
Paul and Peter Solomonovich Martynov, Dyuflon and botanist Professor Poirot, K. E. Makovsky and the Serbian Prince Karageorgievich,
who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion, mainly for scientific or technical topics, flying airplanes on a theory of Drzewiecki (in April 1884 he published it and the chief inspector Rear Admiral Loschinsky invited Krylov to resolve this issue). Drzewiecki acc. to his friend from Moscow, Goujon (remembering on the later system of J. Roy / Rey) and Dyuflon / Duflon, was noble, of an ancient clan of Poles, who owned large estates in the Volyn province, land in Odessa, orchard houses in Warsaw, etc. Drzewiecki had an extensive knowledge of the St. Petersburg nobility. His parents were living in Paris, where he was educated at home, at the Lycee St. Barbe, and the Central Engineering College. Among his companions was Eifel (aerodynamic research).
In 1873, Drzewiecki was at Vienna World Exhibition. When Drzewiecki moved to St. Petersburg, he turned to the famous Brouwer, at the Pulkovo Observatory and to the War Minister P. S. Rakovsky (construction of 50 boats, with the payment of 100.000 rubles for Drzewiecki). Drzewiecki, received one hundred thousand, and went to Italy.

Summer 1886 Drzewiecki went to Turkestan, to General Annenkov (the Trans-Caspian railway from Krasnovodsk to Samarkand with a huge bridge across the Amu Darya in Chardzhui).
The following summer, he went to Egypt, to Aswan. 1887 he calls Krylov to show a sketch of a submarine and gone to Grand Duke General Admiral Alexei Alexandrovich with this project to develop a submarine.
In 1888 Krylov was enrolled at the Shipbuilding Division of the Naval Academy, graduated it in 1890. At this time, Drzewiecki went to Paris. 1892 met with Krylov, on the development of the submarine, and together come to Paris. The Marine Technical Committee (boat steam engines, internal combustion engines, and then diesels) cooperated with Drzewiecki because he had an extensive knowledge of French naval engineers and brought Krylov into this world. In 1897 Drzewiecki invented a special type of destroyer for the Naval Ministry, and again asked Krylov to work with him in Paris. The project was adopted by the Technical Committee. In 1892 was the Dreyfus affair and Drzewiecki was not at home, back to St. Petersburg. Around 1905 Drzewiecki developed an original theory of propellers. 1909 to 1914 every time Krylov visited Drzewiecki in Paris, last time met with him 1925 to 1927, when Krylov was abroad for 'Neftesindikat' and 'Soviet oil'. Drzewiecki died in April 1938.
Above

Jerome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki born on 12 December 1832 in the province of Volyn, Polish engineer, cartographer and infantry general of the Russian Empire. He graduated in 1852, serve in the General Staff, since 1860 worked at the Caucasus and the Caspian region, left a description of triangulation Caucasus mountains, 1866 the head of the Military Division on the topographic of General Staff of the Russian Empire, 1867 head of the Caucasus Department, grandfather of Peter Kapitza. He made the first detailed maps of the Caucasus, after Joseph Chodzko, acc. to http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hieronim_Stebnicki.

  The Physico - Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, one of the largest research institutes in Russia, founded by Abram Fedorovich Ioffe in September 29, 1918. Located in St. Petersburg. Director of the Radium Institute was В. И. Вернадский / V. I. Vernadskij, his deputy - V. G. Hlopin. Director of the Institute 1957 - 1967 - Б. П. Константинов / Konstantinov B. P. acc. to Russian sources, but a US research show name Konstantinovich B. P. - acc. to:
Research Database, Bibliographies & Essays, Resources, HSS Publications, Committee on Education. "An interesting attempt to compare Soviet and Western research in high-energy physics is John Irvine and Ben R. Martin, 'Basic Research in the East and West: A Comparison of the Scientific Performance of High-Energy Physics Accelerators,' Social Studies of Science, 1985, 5(2): 293-341". History of Science Society: 440 Geddes Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA, 574.631.1194, 574.631.1533 Fax, Info@hssonline.org.
After him in 1967-1987 was Tuczkiewicz / Tuchkevich.

Acc. to:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ioffe_Institute we read "...Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (for short, Ioffe Institute) is one of Russia's largest research centers specialized in physics...". This Wikipedia page intentionally omits Konstantynowicz aka Konstantinov name in the list of scientists of the Institute. And "...Abram Ioffe was born in the Ukraine in 1880. After graduating from St. Petersburg Technological Institute in 1902, Ioffe went to Munich, Germany, where he worked under Wilhelm Roentgen, the discoverer of X-rays. Ioffe earned his doctorate in physics in 1905. In 1906, Ioffe returned to St. Petersburg where he worked in the Polytechnical Institute. ... Several times he demonstrated his loyalty to Russia by turning down offers of academic positions in Munich and later, in Berkeley, California. He briefly left Russia during the Bolshevik Revolution in 1918, but he soon returned and helped build up the Physico-Technical Institute. He traveled to Western Europe in 1921, collecting books, journals, and equipment for the institute. He served as director of the Physico-Technical Institute from 1923 to 1953. ... Igor V. Kurchatov, who was later put in charge of the project to build the Soviet atomic bomb, studied at Ioffe's institute during the 1930s, and Ioffe recommended Kurchatov for the position to head the nuclear project". Acc. to http://www.fofweb.com/History/ and Carlisle, Rodney P. 'Ioffe, Abram Fedorovich.' - Encyclopedia of the Atomic Age. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2001.

Above Владимир Вернадский / Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky b. 1863, St. Petersburg and died on January 6, 1945 in Moscow. His father, Ivan, according to family legend, was a descendant of Cossacks. Before moving to St. Petersburg, he was Professor of Economics in Kiev. In St. Petersburg, he served as a privy councilor. His mother, Anna Petrovna nee Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich, was a Polish noblewoman. Vladimir Vernadsky was a cousin of the Russian writer Vladimir Korolenko. Above named Konstantinov, Boris Pavlovich or Borys Konstantinovich / Borys Konstantynowicz son of Pawel Konstantynowicz, b. 1910 in St. Petersburg. Soviet physicist and Vice - President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Father Paul Fedoseevich Konstantinov / or Pavel Konstantinovich b. 1874, 1888 went to St. Petersburg, mother - Agrippina Petrovna Konstantinov b. 1876 nee Smirnov, gave birth to eight sons and four daughters; Boris in 1916 was sent to a private elementary school, where he studied until the end of 1917; In early 1918 the family moved to the home of parents in the village. In 1919 his father died. In the winter 1920 - 1921 he lived and studied in St. Petersburg. Autumn of 1924 the family moved to Leningrad. At this time, at the Physico-Technical Institute worked older brother of Boris -

Alexander Pavlovich Konstantinov (1895 - 1945, repressioned, was posthumously rehabilitated) or maybe Aleksander Konstantynowicz, who became one of the largest radio technicians, radiophysicist and create a variety of radio-electronic equipment (with Bonch - Bruevich) and contributed to the development of television - suggested a way to narrow band television signals, has developed a mosaic photocathodes for the television camera tubes of the 1930s television transmission. He was a member of the laboratory of L. S. Theremin / Л. С. Термен: an alarm systems of banks and museums. A. Konstantinov was an electrician in this protective system - 1909. In 1924 he created the radio-electronic equipment to determine the difference in longitude of Greenwich and Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, in 1928 to 1930 with his brother has developed radio - protective signaling processes of government vaults. They invented electric seismographs have been used successfully for mineral exploration.
He studied at the Physics and Mechanics of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute 1926 - 1929 and was expelled from this Polytechnic after fourth years for
the non-proletarian origin,
but was able to continue working in science through the application of Ioffe. He worked as a laboratory assistant, senior laboratory assistant at the Physical - Technical Institute, 1935 - 1937 in the department of electro - acoustics of the Leningrad Institute, (in 1937 Konstantinov Aleksandr Pavlovich was wrongly arrested and died in the dungeons of the NKVD) but 1937 - 1940 he headed a laboratory of the Research Institute of the music industry and acoustics for the needs of defense - but we need check this data.

His brother Boris Pavlovich Konstantinovich or Konstantinov was born in St. Petersburg in 1910, acc. to his autobiography, written an excellent literary language. In 1924 Konstantinov moved to Leningrad, because at the State Physical - Technical Institute of the X-ray worked his older brother, Alexander P. Konstantinov. Since 1927 he started working at the laboratory of D. A. Rozhanski as a physicist and was student of Physics and Mechanics Faculty of the Polytechnic Institute.

A few details on Boris Konstantinov / Konstantinovich:
Konstantinov Boris Pavlovich or Konstantinovich B. P. born on 23 June / 6 July 1910 in St. Petersburg and died July 1969. In 1927-35 and since 1940 has worked in the Physical - Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1957-67 director, in 1937-40 at the Research Institute of the music industry (like his brother?!). "In the 90's of last century, was opened part of the work on the nuclear problem, and as a result over the past half ten years, there are many books and publications devoted to the development of research on the nuclear problem in the USSR and Russia... There was a series of films about the secret physicists ... I. V. Kurchatov, Y. B. Chariton, Ya. Zel'dovich, A. D. Sakharov, I. E. Tamm, V. L. Ginzburg and others in the work on the atomic problem, but the role of B. P. Konstantinov reflected very sparingly. This is despite the fact that over the carried out his work, he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, was elected to the Academy and became director Physico - Technical Institute, vice - president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, it is named after him the Institute of Nuclear Physics Gatchina and the largest chemical plant in Kirov...".
"...B. P. Konstantinov is one of the founders of the school of nuclear physicists. In 1945, the Physics and Mechanics Department opened the country's first training in the Department of Nuclear Physics (Department of Technical Physics). The first head of the department was A. F. Ioffe, but after 2 years it was headed by B. P. Konstantinov, who since 1945 has combined his academic work at PTI with teaching at the LPI...".
"The Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) is one of four nuclear physics centers within the National Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute' / NRC 'Kurchatov Institute'. PNPI bears the name of Academician B. P. Konstantinov ... Director of the Ioffe Physical Technical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, vice president of the Academy of Sciences...".

At the beginning in accordance with the Decision of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR in 1942 which was composed of the Commissariat of Communications was formed Military restorative management for all military telephones and telegraphs and broadcasting units, radio and postal enterprises on the territory liberated from the German. B. P. Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz Borys / Konstantinov was working for this management (at the Petersburg Nuclear Institut as Head of Laboratory 1943 - 1957, for the Federal Agency for Special Construction / Spetsstroy Russia). 1951 established the Office building number 565 as a part of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR - successor of the General Directorate of Special Construction. In 1953 in Leningrad was organized management for the construction of the air defense system. "Federal Agency for Special Construction (Spetsstroy Russia) - the federal executive body for the promotion of national defense and security organization works in the field of special construction, road building and communication engineering by military units and road-building military units of the Federal Agency for Special Construction".

References, acc. to 'Russian & Soviet Science and Technology' by Loren R. Graham, History of Science Society Newsletter, Volume 18 No. 4 (Supplement 1989):
"...An interesting article on the growth of scientific personnel in the USSR, portraying the Soviet overtaking of the United States in the number of research workers, is Louvan Nolting and Murray Feshbach's, 'R and D Employment in the USSR', 'Science', 01 Feb. 1980, 207:493-503. Nolting has also published a series of reports (Foreign Economic Reports, Department of Commerce) on the structure and organization of Soviet science and technology. A recent and valuable analysis of the political role of Soviet science by Stephen Fortescue is 'The Communist Party and Soviet Science' (London: Macmillan, 1987). ... Peter Kneen's 'Soviet Scientists and the State' (Albany: SUNY Press, 1984). Works written by emigres who previously worked in the Soviet science establishment provide special insights; these include Mark Azbel, Refusenik: 'Trapped in the Soviet Union' (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981); Mark Popovsky, 'Manipulated Science' (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979); and Vladimir Kresin, 'Soviet Science in Practice: An Insider's View,' in 'The Soviet Union Today', edited by James Cracraft (Chicago: 'Bulletin of Atomic Scientists', 1983). Three works treating Soviet industrial research from economic and political standpoints are Joseph Berliner, The Innovation Decision in Soviet Industry (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1976); Erik Hoffmann and Robbin Laird, Technocratic Socialism: 'The Soviet Union in the Advanced Industrial Era' (Durham, N.C.: Duke Univ. Press, 1985); and Raymond Hutchings, 'Soviet Science: Technology and Design Interaction and Convergence' (London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1976). A topic of particular interest to American scholars who may wish to do research in the Soviet Union, no matter what the field, is the history of scholarly exchanges between the United States and the USSR. The most thoughtful analysis of the subject is by Linda Lubrano, 'National and International Politics in USA-USSR Scientific Cooperation,' Social Studies of Science 1981, 11:451-480. Also see Review of USA-USSR Interacademy Exchanges and Relations, Report of the National Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C., 1977); and Yale Richmond, U.S. - Soviet Cultural Ex - changes 1958-1986: Who Wins? (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1987). ... Loren Graham, Program on Science, Technology and Society, Room E51-128, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139. Russian-language films on the history of Russian and Soviet science can be purchased from Alexandre K. Surikov, President, All-Union Corporation 'Sovinfilm,' 20 Skatertny Per., Moscow 121069, USSR". This above data © 1989 by the History of Science Society, All rights reserved.

Acc. to http://www.fofweb.com/History/ and Carlisle, Rodney P. 'Ioffe, Abram Fedorovich.' - Encyclopedia of the Atomic Age. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2001.

Piotr Leonidovich Kapitsa - physicist, a researcher at low temperature physics.

Abram Fedorovich Joffe - physicist, moved to Munich, where he took a internship with Wilhelm Rontgen, he returned to St. Petersburg, was involved in nuclear physics and in the development of lasers.
Adam Gernet born on 7 August 1878 in Kiwidepah, Roethel, Laanermaa (Haapsalu), Estonia. An Adam von Gernet was involved in the study of magnetism; an infantry regiment in Dunaburg, escape across the German lines in March 1918, by John Hiden.

1912 

blimp1912

 Only five of airships had been built in Russia before 1914 and we exactly constructed (the fifth in order) to Russian Army in the plant of DEKA an airship named "Kobchik" type "Blimp" by S. A. Nemchenko as early as 1912 (with two engines 45 hp, and length 48 m; speed 50 km/h according to "Taschenbuch der Luftflotten", 1st Issue 1914, Vol. 1 "Airships" by F. Rasch and W. Hormel, published in Germany, worked out by Thomas Heinz  http://www.internetelite.ru/aircrafts/airships.html; the picture from: http://info.dolgopa.org).

Airship i.e. an "aircraft  that consists of a cigar-shaped gas bag, or envelope, filled with a lighter-than-air gas to provide lift, a propulsion system, a  steering mechanism, and a gondola accommodating passengers, crew, and cargo. (...) NON-RIGID airships, now commonly  known as blimps, are the most common type in use. The non-rigid airship has no frame and the envelope holds its shape due to  the pressurized lifting gas inside." The DEKA company owned an infrastructure for airships i.e. a  hangar, workshops and warehouses in St Petersburg before the First world war. War,  revolution and civil war interrupted further development until 1920, when the Soviets built their first small blimp. 

June, 1912: Vote of 150 aeroplanes (140 to be built at home); November, 1912: Military trials results: 1. Sikorsky in a "Sikorsky";  2. HABER in a "M. Farman"; 3. Boutmy (BUTMI) in a "Nieuport".  December, 1912: Aeronautical school re-organised; 15 pupils  per school at a time - course made seven months. A one month course in aeroplanes, aerial motors, etc. Of the pupils, 10 to be  selected for aeroplanes. New flying school established at Tashkent  in TURKESTAN. Only in Army Aviation in March, 1913: new schools established at Moscow, Odessa and OMSK. At the end of 1913: the number of actual military pilots was 72. There was a  special volunteer corps of about 36 private aviators; total to 108 in Russia. In Navy Aviation: July, 1912 - Lieut. ANDREADI, did a  flight from Sevastopol to Petersburg.

About above S. A. Nemchenko.
In the spring of 1906 the Wright brothers offered to the Russian Minister of War a flying machine created by them. Russian military department did not respond to the letter, however, in 1908 sent to France, where the Wright brothers opened Aircraft Company 'Ariel', two officers of the Training Aeronautic Park: - N. I. Uteshev and S. A. Nemchenko. Russian officers have studied the American airplane and have made test flights as passengers and wrote a negative review. According to them, the airplane Flyer-III for military purposes was no good. Should pay attention to the achievements of other designers, especially the French. On August 24, 1908 a Petersburg newspaper 'New time' informed on the Chief Engineer's Office organized in autumn 1909 international competition of airplanes with award of 50 thousand rubles but a place of the aerodrome was also not selected.

1912 
In 1912 JSC 'Deca' is participating in the tender for the construction of airships for the military departments of Russia. The airship was constructed in full conformity with technical specifications and tested in 1913. The experiment was considered successful and commercially viable, and in the same year was founded a specialized aviation workshop as a structural part of the company 'Deca'.

1914 

1912 -  1913 
In April 1913 DECA has entered into a cooperation agreement with the French radio company 'Societe francaise Radio-Electrique' (SFR) and became a branch of it in Russia.

'Radiolectric French Company' was one of the first radiotelegraphic companies, founded by Émile Girardeau in 1910

and it supported the production of the Radiola - radio receivers. 'Dyuflon and Konstantinowicz' has entered into a cooperation with 'Sautter, Harle and Co.' from Paris and also with a factory 'Gabriel and Anzeno' (Paul Lemonnier engineer, bacame a partner in the business of Sautter, at 26 Avenue Suffren in Paris 1867. Beginning in the 1860s Sautter started the study of the use of electricity. In 1869, Henri Harle who had married into the Dolfuss family, started as an engineer. In 1890 Henri Harle became a full partner in the firm, which was now known as Sautter Harle.

The company 'Societe Sautter, Harle et Cie' was founded in 1825 in Paris as a mechanical engineering company. 1907 began production of automobiles as the 'Sautter Harle'. 1908 the company was renamed in 'Harle et Cie'. 1912 ended production of cars. Three companies have manufactured lights on the coasts in France: F. Barbier et Fenestre, Sautter-Harle / Sautter et Lemonier and Lepaute, by 'planete-tp.com'. "In order to eliminate the jerks in release, Augustin Fresnel modified the blade regulator around 1826 with the aid of the clockmaker Lepaute, by incorporating a ball regulator". Acc. to: 'en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_submarine_Gymnote_(Q1)', "The Gymnote was one of the world's first all-electric submarines. Launched on 24 September 1888 ... by Gustave Zede ... and Arthur Krebs, who completed the project. For the Gymnote, Arthur Krebs developed the electric engine .... The motor proved so problematic that it was replaced with a smaller but more powerful Sautter-Harle motor". In Tallinn the construction of the rear lighthouse was planned already in 1832. The new lighthouse acquired a Fresnel device purchased from Sautter Harle & Co in Paris.

In late 1915, the company name was changed to the 'Anciens Etablissements Sautter-Harle'. The Company produced electrical equipment: searchlight / floodlight, generators, compressors and diesel engines. The Sautter Harlé at present has name the Alsthom Company
).

They were working for Sautter - Harle / SAUTTER HARLE, founded in 1852:
Eugene Dejonc,
Émile Girardeau, born 1882, a French engineer, founder of the General Society of wireless telegraphy; 1910 he founded the radio - electric French Society SFR, in the field of radio - electricity and military telegraphy; 1915 he was assigned to education, in radio - electricity, flying officers.
Camille Charles Augustin Claudeville, b. 1868, adviser naval armament for Europe and South America, and co-operated with SAUTTER HARLE, founded in 1852, making lenticular lights, electric motors, turbo-generators and projectors.
Jean Rey / Jean-Alexandre REY b. 1861 in Lausanne / Lauzanne, Switzerland. His first wife Marie Sautter b. 1870, daughter of Louis Sautter - founder of LEMONNIER - HARLE and Co. with Paul LEMONNIER. After the death of Mary, Jean REY married another descendant of SAUTTER born VAN MUYDEN. Jean REY was the uncle of another Jean Rey b. 1902-1983, Belgian (member of the EEC Commission from 1958 to 1967 and President of the Commission from 1967 to 1970), acc. to: Christian LEVI ALVARES. Jean-Alexandre REY, the School of Mines as a foreign student 1883; 1885 he obtained French nationality as a descendant of French parents refugees in Switzerland because of religion; he received the degree 1 ranked 1886; led factories Sautter - Harle and for thirty years directing the technical work of the house Sautter - Harle (turbo - machinery); 1904 studied steam turbines; 1906 gas turbines; at thirty - five he was chief engineer of the Sautter - Harle Company; finally president of the trade association of electrical engineering, President of the French Society of Electricians - 1921. In 1901 he build an internal combustion engine generators for submarines. From 1888, he became interested in steam turbines and turbo - electric machines.

You remember that Louis Franēois Clément Breguet / Louis Francois Clement Breguet was born on 22 December 1804 in Paris, work in the early days of telegraphy, educated in Switzerland; in 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the Breguet company to Edward Brown; collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels, Professor Thomas Engel and Alexander Graham Bell; he had one son Antoine b. 1851.

The Swiss Canton of Vaud was the area where the French-speaking family settled (Diserens or Dizeren). Among other things, it were the villages and towns: CLARENS located east from Lausanne, also Villette, Cully and Riex. Villette or Lavaux is located close to Lutry and Cully. All on east of Lutry and east of Lausanne / Lozano. Moreover, a settlements such as Corsier sur Vevey, L'Abbaye and Grandvaux. L'Abbaye, is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, town from where the Breguet family (Antoine b. 1851) came to Paris; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne. The DUFLON family 1745 - 1815 was living in Riex of the Vaud province / Vaud canton, Switzerland / Suisse.
Villeneuve is a municipality of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, located ca 30 km east-south of Lausanne; the Duflon family gone from Lutry of 1852 and Neuchatel, in Paris 1801 - 1877 was living Louis Duflon; Duflon J.-F. was a landlord in Bouligneux in France west of Geneve. Franēois / Franēoise Duflon from Riex (Lavaux) and Villeneuve, was born in 1831 in La Tour-de-Peilz, where his father was a teacher.