COPYRIGHT BY BOGDAN KONSTANTYNOWICZ

November 11th, 2015 / January 2019.

Encyclopedia: Jean FRANCOIS Mortier b. ca 1735, acted together with Prince de ROHAN GUEMENE of CAMBRAI in La Collegiale de St Theodard a THUIN - Ferdinand de Rohan, Archbishop of Bordeaux and of Cambrai; b. 1738, d. 1813: he was the son of Hercule Meriadec de Rohan, prince de Guemene and Louise-Gabrielle Julie de Rohan; brother of cardinal de Rohan, and Jules, prince de Guemene. Louis Rene de ROHAN born in 1734; Archbishop of Strasbourg, his parents were Hercule Meriadec, Prince of Guemene and Louise Gabrielle Julie de Rohan. He was born in Paris. Hercules MERIADEC had also above named son Ferdinand de Rohan, Archbishop of Cambrai (1738 - 1813), who had illegitimate children with Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany, illegitimate daughter of the English pretender: Charles Edward Stuart [note - Charlotte was the daughter of Charles III Prince Charlie STUART, Duke of Albany, born in 1720 - Rome, and Clementina, Css of Aberstroff, WALKINSHAW].

Encyclopedia: Emperor Napoleon would descend from James de Rohan-Stuardo / Rohan - Stuart, the natural (legitimate) son of the English king Charles II, with his mistress, Marguerite, duchess of Rohan. Charles II had 14 children, of his illegitimate ties with several lovers. Charles II (1630 - 1685) with Marguerite de Rohan (1617 - 1684) met when the English King arrived in France in 1649. Napoleon's grandfather would have been the grandson of James de Rohan - Stuardo, the son of English King Charles II. In 1647, Charles Stuart, the future King Charles II of England, had a son, Prince Enrico de Boveria Rohan-Stuardo / Rohan Stuart. He died in Naples in 1669, but his widow gave birth to a post-son, Prince Giacomo Stuardo of Naples. Giacomo lived for a long time in Germany and Italy, and in 1722 he had a son, prince Joseph Stuart of Roehenstart, who fought alongside Bonnie Prince Charlie during the rebellion of 1745. Joseph Stuart had himself a son named Prince Eduard Maximilian de Roehenstart, also known as Dr. Ferdinand Smith-Stuart.

Encyclopedia: In 1806 Charles Stuart served Duke Alexander of Wurttemberg, who was the Governor of BELARUS - Minsk province {born 1771 in Gotha; his sister Sophie Dorothea married Tsar Paul I of Russia. In 1811 he was appointed Military Governor of Belarus}! In Saint Petersburg, in 1811, he was offered the hand of an heiress, Marianna Hurko, but made the mistake of falling in love with her sister, EWELINA HURKO-ROMEYKO / Evelina HURKO. He fled Russia, sailing from Kronstadt and arriving in London by November 1811, and to the United States in Philadelphia until 1814.

Encyclopedia:

The Order of Saint John in Malta and the history of the Illuminati: Carsten Niebuhr, Tadeusz Grabianka and Alessandro di Cagliostro / Giuseppe Balsamo in 1761, 1762, 1767, 1778, 1779.

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762, and they back to Malta. Cagliostro again visited Malta after trips to North Africa and Europe, where new Grand Master de ROHAN-POLDUC, grant him a chivalrous dignity. In 1776 Giuseppe Balsamo came to London. He learned about Freemasonry. He was admitted to the London 'Expectation' lodge on April 12, 1777 thanks to his influential friends. In England, he took the name of Count di Cagliostro. He wanted to reform this movement. In 1777 he was sent to prison for a short time; from London in 1778, went to the Netherlands, came to Paris in 1778. He found there a patron - Cardinal Louis de Rohan. From Paris in 1778, came to Germany, and the Great Poland to ADAM PONINSKI. He went to Konigsberg and in COURLAND, Mitau / Mitava, and went to Saint Petersburg. Then from Warsaw, in a few months Cagliostro appears in Strazburg in 1780; he met Cardinal Rohan, to play a prominent role in Paris in 1781. In 1782, he founded the Order of Egyptian Masonry and stood at its head. As the Great Kopta he organized the Egyptian rite lodges in: England, France, Germany and Russia.

Encyclopedia: Lenin and Inessa Armand. Illuminati and the Malta Order of Pinto, 1741 and in Poland in 1742/1749: Carsten Niebuhr, Cagliostro - Balsamo, Tadeusz Grabianka, Mniszech, Stadnicki, Kalinowski, Kossakowski, Rzewuski, Tarnowski, Oginski, Pierre Lefort / Le Fort, and de Toux de Salvert / Salverte. The Russian conspiracy intelligence network - globalism and globalization. History and genealogy of the noble Konstantynowicz family. Education and information - author Konstantynowicz Bogdan on 25 December 2018.

Encyklopedia Polski niepodleglej, Konstantynowicz-Armand-Paszkowski: Mesjanizm, Prometeizm, Iluminaci - Tadeusz Grabianka i niepodleglosc Polski, 11 listopada 1918. Martynisci, Templariusze i Masoneria - walka o Rosje - Lenin, 1917.

Berezyna and Lubuszany - the estate of Poniatowski-Tyszkiewicz-Potocki branch - the Knights Templar of the FREEMASONRY.
Miezonka-Swolna-Moscow-St Petersburg and the family history of Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz.

Stirling Castle, King James VII of Scotland and II of England, and Jacobins in Scotland in the 18th century. Mayer Amschel Rothschild - the Illuminati, 1776. The Knights Templar in 1791 and The Order of Mark Master Masons, 1769. Encyclopedia:

The Order of Saint John in Malta and the history of the Illuminati: Carsten Niebuhr, Tadeusz Grabianka and Alessandro di Cagliostro / Giuseppe Balsamo in 1761, 1762, 1767, 1778, 1779.


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© All rights reserved. No part of all this work covered by copyright hereon may be reproduced in any form or by  any  means - graphic,  electronic, or mechanical - including photocopying,  recording, downloading,  uploading, taping, or storage in an information  retrieval system, without the  prior written permission of the copyright owner  - © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz

Bogdan Konstantynowicz, encyklopedia Polski Niepodleglej.

Illuminati in Poland in 1742/1749 and Malta 1741. The Russian conspiracy intelligence network - globalism and globalization.

Bogdan Konstantynowicz, the Independent Poland Encyclopedia.


Secret Societies. CONSPIRATORS, Illuminati, Templars, Freemasons, and the special supplement to the Paszkowski - Armand - Konstantynowicz family [Lenin; Trubecki; Kropotkin; Dzierzynski; Pilsudski] on November the 11th, 1918.



Encyklopedia Internetowa Polski Niepodleglej - Konstantynowicz Bogdan: Kiedrzynski, Psarski, Bleszynski, Soltan, Oginski, Mielzynski, Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Fiszer, Bninski.


Globalization and globalism - Donald Trump, John F. Kennedy, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Hillary Clinton, Angela Merkel, Bronislaw Komorowski - the Russian global intelligence network. Konstantynowicz Bogdan - Polish Internet Archive. Key note.


The French invasion of Malta -
then ruled by the Order of St. John and the Grand-Master Hompesch who was pro-Austrian - by the French First Republic led by Napoleon in June 1798,
was the revenge of France and Napoleon at the Maltese Order; it was obvious. And Russia's help to the Maltese Order was clear and obvious.

The invasion ended the 268-year-long Hospitaller rule in Malta. The Grand Master and many of 332 knights left the island, and the Tsar Paul I offered final assistance to the Order, raising money from Polish 'Commanderies' and founded the Grand Priory of Russia (1797).
Paul I of Russia was proclaimed Grand Master by some knights. The Order evolved into the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
In 1800 Malta Protectorate was under British protection. Then the island was a British Crown colony in 1813.


The Illuminati and the Potocki family of Zator, Krzeszowice, Berezyna and Lubuszany:

The first on JAN Potocki, the writer:

Among the many esoteric traditions, Kabbalah had to fascinate Potocki. Kabbalah had to fascinate Potocki just as a system. This system - which is not an attempt to define it - creates the equivalences of ten Sefirot constituting the Tree of Life and it refers to, among others, the hierarchy of archangels, angelic choirs, celestial spheres (including planets), and even parts of the human body.

In 1785, Jan Potocki in Warsaw married Julia (1767-1794), the daughter of Izabela Lubomirski and the cousin to Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (1770-1861). They moved home to Paris for 2 years. 1786, was born Alfred (1786-1862). Potocki make friends with Lady de Stael.

In 1787, Artur Potocki (1787-1832) was born.
Jan Potocki come to Spa, with Anna Teresa and Lady de Genlis. Potocki stayed in Antwerpia, then in England; back to Paris. 1788 - he met Stanislaw August the King. Moved to Ukraina;
met Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki; he, in Lublin, met Seweryn Potocki.
In Poznan and Sroda - he is elected a Great Poland deputy.

JAN Potocki corresponds with his brother-in-law, Ignacy Potocki;
Jan inherited together with Seweryn Potocki the property of Jozef Potocki and Wincenty Potocki in Ukraine. In November, a political club with 150 members was founded in Warsaw.

According to the accounts of the orientalist Wladyslaw Kotwicz, Jan Potocki goes to Berlin, where he
approached to Frederick William I and his uncle, Prince Henry.

It is likely that Jan Potocki was working in the libraries of Ewald Hertzberg (1725- 1795), the minister of the king, and geographer Anton Friedrich Busching (1724-1793).
In October he goes to France and then in Leipzig and Landau. In Paris, he met Baron de Stael, the ambassador of Sweden.

Alexandra Feodorovna, born Princess Charlotte of Prussia (1798 - 1860), was Empress consort of Russia. She was the wife of Emperor Nicholas I, and mother of Emperor Alexander II.
Charlotte was born the eldest surviving daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia, and Louise of Mecklenburg- Strelitz.
In 1814, her marriage was arranged for political reason with Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich of Russia, the future Tsar Nicholas I.

Mentioned Frederick William III / Friedrich Wilhelm III (1770 - 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840.
His parents:
Frederick William II of Prussia + Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (Friederike Luise; 1751 - 1805) was Queen consort of Prussia as the second spouse of King Frederick William II.

Above named Frederick William II / Friedrich Wilhelm II, b. 1744, was King of Prussia from 1786.
His father
Prince Augustus William of Prussia, August Wilhelm, b. 1722, was Prince of Prussia and a younger brother of Frederick II.

Augustus was the second surviving son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.

Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick - Wolfenbuettel [my mistake - note below !].
She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.

Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.

We back to Paszkowski Wojciech:

he acted together with Lozinski in Lancut;
Wojciech Paszkowski was Commissioner General to Artur Potocki.

Artur Stanislaw Potocki (b. 1787) - a Napoleonic officer, the son of the writer and traveler Jan Potocki, and mentioned Julia Potocka nee Lubomirski b. 1767 in PARIS

{JAN POTOCKI was the son of Józef Potocki b. 1735, d. 1802, Wien;
the grandson of Stanislaw Potocki 1698 - 1760;
the great-grandson of Józef Potocki 1673 - 1751;
the great-great-grandson of
Andrzej Potocki died in 1691 / 1692 in Stanislawow - see below !}.

ARTUR Potocki married to Zofia Countess Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II.
He bought a Palace in Cracow; and in Krzeszowice he built a summer residence

{the cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - Paszkowski Franciszek (1818-1883), painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist. He was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), the younger brother of Józef Edmund. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where
he lived with his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebnica estate and Krzeszowice.

Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Düsseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz.
Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW}.

ARTUR POTOCKI in 1818, became an adept of the 33rd degree of the Scottish Masonic Lodge [the Templars].

Count Waclaw Rzewuski junior - CONSPIRATOR in Ukraine:

Waclaw Rzewuski, 1775-1831, certainly the most mysterious figure in the history of the world; he bought Arabian horses, the son of the field commander Seweryn Rzewuski and Konstancja Lubomirski.

After the death of his father, Waclaw Rzewuski, junior, became the heir of the fortune. Already in student times, he took lessons in Arabic in Vienna.
And from his uncles, Jan Potocki and Adam Czartoryski - he had the first knowledge about Arab countries.

He was visiting Slawuta of SANGUSZKO [compare GRABIANKA],
Antonina and Biala Cerkiew, and he started to buy Arabian horses; 1817-1820 spent in the East.

Above SEWERYN RZEWUSKI:
During the Kosciuszko Uprising he was sentenced to death by the Supreme Criminal Court and executed in effigy on 29 September 1794. He was married to Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska and had three children,
Waclaw Rzewuski junior,
Izabella Rzewuska and
Maria Rzewuska.

Tadeusz Grabianka tried to expand the influence of the Illuminati Order through contacts with the European believers of Swedenborg, during a trip to London in 1786 and in May 1787 in Paris.
Hindmarsh was the founder of Theosophical Society in England. Together with De Thome;
Count Cagliostro;
with the member Chastanier - he was also the member of "illumine d'Avignon" [with H. JONES in England; Marquis de THOME in Avignon; Thomas Duche - the son of Jacob Duche in 1785/1786].

Chastanier was a supporter of a Plan for a Universal Society [with JACOB DUCHE] of SWEDENBORG [Richard Brothers, too].

Hindmarsh was appointed in 1786 to Mason by Tadeusz Grabianka
- recruited him as a Mason; Hindmarsh helped print a pamphlet of Tadeusz Grabianka in London in 1787.

Tadeusz Grabianka propagated prophecies of how European thrones would topple and that papal authority would end with Pius VI; he also predicted that a mass social movement would arise. Grabianka pointed to the French Revolution of 1789 as confirmation of these prophecies.

In London, Grabianka met with Louis - Claude de Saint-MARTIN - who had come in 1785 to England;
Saint-Martin collaborated with Goran Ulrik Silverhjelm, Swedenborg's nephew, in 1790-1792.

Manoah SIBLY thus provided a tangible connection between Ebenezer SIBLY / Ebenezer Sibley, and the Swedenborgian enthusiasts Philippe de LOUTHERBOURG, Peter Lambert de LINTOT and
Charles RAINSFORD - and in ca 1776 to CAGLIOSTRO.

Charles-Pierre-Paul, marquis de Savalette de Langes, b. in Tours in 1745, died in 1797; he was captain of the national guards and aide de camp of La Fayette.

Named above Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816) was a French surgeon.
"In 1767 he founded a lodge of Illumines Theosophes, based on the anonymous writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. In 1774 he migrated to England.

In 1775 Chastanier and the Marquis de Thorn joined the Philalethes, a Masonic society founded by mentioned Savalette de Langes in Paris.

In 1776 Chastanier founded Universal Society in London to disseminate Swedenborg's writing.

In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon".

The Avignon Illuminati Association survived the period of persecution from the Inquisition. During 1795-1799 period, the initiation hierarchy was established, and the temple of the Avinion Illuminati was modeled on the Solomon Temple.

In 1799, Tadeusz Grabianka left France and he went to Galicia for a short time, and then to Russia in St Petersburg. There he entered the circle of aristocracy;

in the autumn of 1804, Tadeusz Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

Probably Tadeusz Grabianka also brought di Cagliostro to Sutkowce and Grabianka set up an alchemical workshop - laboratory for Cagliostro in July-August 1780. Tadeusz Grabianka was living in the Latyczow county, in Rajkowce and Sutkowce

[remember - Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the ILLUMINATI, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of Tadeusz Grabianka - the ILLUMINATI; they owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia. Named Stanislaw Stadnicki was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka].

Grabianka - like with Cagliostro - with count Michal Aleksander Ronikier [in 1773 the owner of Kryniczany / KRYNYCHANY, 39 km north to Kamieniec Podolski, in the Kamieniec Podolski county, at Podolia] and Brumer, in accordance with the method set by Pernety, led the work to create a homunculus.

"Cagliostro was an Italian adventurer and self-styled magician. He became a glamorous figure associated with the royal courts of Europe where he pursued various occult arts, including psychic healing, alchemy and scrying. ... Cagliostro himself stated during the trial following the Affair of the Diamond Necklace that he had been born of Christians of noble birth but abandoned as an orphan upon the island of Malta. He claimed to have travelled as a child to Medina, Mecca, and Cairo and upon return to Malta to have been admitted to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, with whom he studied alchemy ...".

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762, and they back to Malta. Cagliostro again visited Malta after trips to North Africa and Europe, where new Grand Master de ROHAN-POLDUC, grant him a chivalrous dignity. In 1776 Giuseppe Balsamo came to London. He learned about Freemasonry. He was admitted to the London 'Expectation' lodge on April 12, 1777 thanks to his influential friends. In England, he took the name of Count di Cagliostro. He wanted to reform this movement. In 1777 he was sent to prison for a short time; from London in 1778, went to the Netherlands, came to Paris in 1778. He found there a patron - Cardinal Louis de Rohan. From Paris in 1778, came to Germany, and the Great Poland to ADAM PONINSKI. He went to Konigsberg and in COURLAND, Mitau / Mitava, and went to Saint Petersburg. Then from Warsaw, in a few months Cagliostro appears in Strazburg in 1780; he met Cardinal Rohan, to play a prominent role in Paris in 1781. In 1782, he founded the Order of Egyptian Masonry and stood at its head. As the Great Kopta he organized the Egyptian rite lodges in: England, France, Germany and Russia.

The MALTA Island was under the rule of the Order of St John of Jerusalem and had the Portuguese Fra Emmanuel Pinto as Grand Master (1741 - 1773).
In 1762-1766, Cagliostro in Malta in the Pinto's laboratory. Acc. to Freller, the Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1741, was considered by Count Cagliostro as a true Illuminati.

Chancellor von KORFF in Konigsberg on 25th February 1779 thought Cagliostro is the secret Jesuit agent on a mission.

By John Scott, and John Taylor in 1829:
Carsten Niebuhr left Giittingen for Copenhagen in the autumn of 1760, and was in Marseilles [a stay of a few weeks at Marseilles], Malta and then in Constantinopole [Istanbul] and Egypt [Alexandria - in Egypt he was in September 1761 until October 1762].

"The Maltese knights treated Niebuhr with marked distinction, offering him all the honours and advantages of their order after his return from the expedition...".

Niebuhr's impressions of Malta are documented in a travelogue of 1774. In Warsaw during 10 days rest, in 1767 Carsten Niebuhr met Stanislaw Poniatowski, the King of Poland.

We back to
Artur Stanislaw Potocki.
He was the count, the owner of the Krzeszowice and Lancut estates, graduated of the Ernangen Protestant University, officer of the Polish army,
the adjutant of Prince Józef Poniatowski in 1812,
the adjutant of the emperor of France [fligiel- adjutant of Emperor Napoleon I] - Napoleon I - in 1815
[Napoleon Bonaparte I abdicated on 22 June 1815 in favour of his son Napoleon II. On 24 June the Provisional Government proclaimed the fact to the French nation and the world].

Wojciech Paszkowski [the half-brother of General Franciszek Paszkowski] was the manager of KRZESZOWICE owned by Artur Potocki.

Wojciech Paszkowski managed also Trzebniew / Trzebniow [not Trzebnica !].
The Trzebniow estate + Ludwikow / Ludwinow and Ostreznik; close to Niegowa, MYSZKOW, Gorzkow Nowy, and Bedzin; at half way from ZARKI to LELOW; north to MIROW; 31 km south-east to Czestochowa.

Zofia Potocka nee Clavone b. 1760, d. 1822, was a Greek, and a Russian agent,
later a Polish noble. Her mother Maria sought support from foreign embassies. In May 1777, Zofia was sold to the Polish Ambassador, Boskamp Lyasopolski.
The Polish Count Major Jozef Witt bought her from Boskamp Lyasopolsky and married her in 1779.
Józef Witt was the son of the commandant of the fortress Kamieniec Podolski, and the couple lived a year in Kamieniec Podolski, before departing for Europe in 1781.
By Wikipedia:
"... 1781, she was called to court to be introduced to King Stanislas Augustus. After Warsaw, they visited Berlin, where Zofia was introduced to the King of Prussia Frederick II. In the resort town of Spa, Zofia was introduced to the Austrian Emperor Joseph II ...
1781 Zofia gave birth in Paris to a son. When this news reached the Polish king, he personally visited Kamieniec Podolski, and congratulated
her father-in-law Josef Witt OLDER, with the birth of a grandson, promoted him to the rank of Lieutenant General and volunteered to be the godfather of the newborn.
In 1782, the couple returned to Kamieniec Podolski, visiting Vienna, Moravia, Slovakia and Galicia on the way. In 1785, her spouse Joseph Witte succeeded his father as commandant of Kamieniec Podolski, making Zofia first lady of Podolia.
During her second marriage to POTOCKI, Zofia had three sons: Alexander Potocki (born in 1798), Mieczyslaw (born in 1800) and Boleslaw (born in 1805), and two daughters: Sophia, and Olga (1802-1861). During the marriage, she also had an affair with her stepson, Szczesny Jerzy Potocki, who may have been the biological father of her son Boleslaw. She also had an affair with the Russian governor, Nikolai Novosiltsov.

Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki indulged in mysticism and came under the influence of Polish Illuminati and died in March 15, 1805, ...
In the early 1820s, she experienced a deteriorated health. Reportedly,
the mysticism of the Polish Illuminati was suspected to have affected her health.
She left for Berlin to consult German doctors, where she died".

Wincenty Aksamitowski performed function in the office of the First Caretaker.
Les Freres Anglais et Francais Reunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, and it was subordinated to the French Grand Orient; consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; General Wincenty Axamitowski / Wincenty Aksamitowski was the champion for a long time.
General Wincenty Axamitowski / Wincenty Aksamitowski was the son of Ignacy Aksamitowski (Ignacy Aksamitowski died in 1810 or 1771 ?), of Podole {b. 1715, d. 1810; the official in Podole in 1773; MP in 1764}.

GENERAL Wincenty Aksamitowski was THE GRANDSON of General Jan de Witte.

{Jan de Witte senior, b. 1709, d. 1785, in Kamieniec Podolski; Polish military engineer; Dutch origin, architect, representative of the Baroque, from 1781 general-lieutenant of the Crown troops;
father of Joseph Witte.
Jan de Witte and his wife Marianna Lubonski were buried in the Catacombs of the Cathedral in Kamieniec Podolski. Jan de Witte (1705/1709-1785) - Commandant of the fortress and border strongholds in 1768-1785. Builder and defender of Kamieniec Podolski; co-operated with Lubomirski in Lviv, and in Rivne}.

General Witt
[Iwan Osipowicz de Witt, Jan de Witte junior, b. 1781, Kamieniec Podolski, d. 1840 in St Petersburg;
General and Count;
the son of named Jozef Zefiryn de Witte / Joseph WITTE + Zofia CLAVONE / Glavani]
was appointed martial law governor of Warsaw in 1831. General Witt was appointed as the military governor, while Nikolai Korff, one of the Baltic German generals, took over as the city commandant.

JAN Potocki alludes to the central secret society, the ROSICRUCIANS.
The Manuscript Found in Saragossa is a frame-tale novel written in French at the turn of 18th and 19th century by Polish author Count Jan Potocki (1761 - 1815).
The Manuscript Found in Saragossa remains one of the most mysterious works in the history of literature. Now a Polish scholar thinks he may have found the key to what he believes is a deeply esoteric text.

"... Written originally in French by Polish aristocrat Jan Potocki, the piece has consistently fascinated and perplexed both readers and scholars. ... The Manuscript remains as controversial as ever, all the more so since one potential explanation of its intricacies entails
a journey into the realm of the Kabbalah.
It based on Potocki's clear occult knowledge.
Otorowski also claims to have found the key to this elusive knowledge. This key is the Kabbalah. Or to be more precise, the Lurianic Kabbalah, a messianic system of Jewish thought created by Isaac Luria during the 16th century. ...".

Remember -
Aleksandra Potocka, with nick-name Aleksandryna

(1818-1892, born in St Petersburg, the daughter of Stanislaw Septym Potocki;
the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki 1751-1805;
the great-granddaughter of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, 1700-1772,
who was the son of Józef Potocki (died 1723),
and grandson of Feliks Kazimierz "Szczesny" Potocki (1630-1702),
the great-grandson of Stanislaw "Rewera" Potocki, 1589-1667),

married her cousin August Potocki

(= August Aleksander Potocki b. 1805; the son of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778;
the grandson of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki b. 1755;
the great-grandson of Eustachy Potocki born in 1720;
the great-great-grandson of Jerzy Potocki who was the son of Feliks Kazimierz Potocki 1630-1702,
and grandson of Stanislaw Rewera Potocki).

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice
[I had explained incorrect inf. on Jerzy Dunin-Wasowicz of the 18th century].

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892]
(K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogród),
to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz

(born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! - the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN; the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA; the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze; the great-great-granddaughter of Józef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn),

the wife of the Galicja governor - Andrzej Potocki.

Named Aleksandra Potocka, Aleksandryna (1818-1892), born in Petersburg, as a child of Stanislaw Septym POTOCKI + Katarzyna Branicki;
the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki.

Stanislaw Potocki died in 1831; then Aleksandryna Potocka was living
under care of Zofia, the wife of Artur Potocki - the Templar - in Biala Cerkiew, St Petersburg and Krzeszowice.

ARTUR married to Zofia Countess Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II.

He bought a Palace in Cracow; and in Krzeszowice he built a summer residence

{the cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - Paszkowski Franciszek (1818-1883), JUNIOR, painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist. He was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), the younger brother of Józef Edmund. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where he lived with
his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebnica estate and Krzeszowice.

Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Düsseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz.
Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW}.

ARTUR POTOCKI in 1818, became an adept of the 33rd degree of the Scottish Masonic Lodge.

Aleksandryna Potocka became friends with her cousin, Eliza Branicka, the later Eliza was the wife of Zygmunt Krasinski, in 1835 until 1876.
Miss Potocka formally remained under the care of Tsar Nicholas I. Around 1836, she became the lady of the imperial court.
On her marriage with her cousin August Potocki from Wilanów recalled Jadwiga Dzialynski Zamoyska years later.


I wrote mistakenly - "Frederick William II, married Louise of Brunswick - Wolfenbuettel";
ie. Friedrich Wilhelm II b. 1744;
it's mistake of course;

I explain [by Wikipedia]:
"Frederick William was born in Berlin, the son of Prince Augustus William of Prussia (the second son of King Frederick William I of Prussia) and Duchess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. His mother's elder sister, Elisabeth, was the wife of Augustus William's brother King Frederick II (Frederick the Great)...".

Frederick William II married 1st in 1765 to Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, Crown Princess of Prussia, the daughter of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, was dissolved in 1769. He then married in 1769, Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, the daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He had mistress, Wilhelmine Enke (created Countess Wilhelmine von Lichtenau in 1796).

In 1781 Frederick William had joined the Rosicrucians.
Moreover, people like Immanuel Kant were forbidden to speak in public on the topic of religion.


Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki, 1751 - 1805, Great Lieutenant General of the Crown since 1784; the son of Franciszek Salezy Potocki.

Stanislaw Potocki was married three times:
1.
Gertruda Komorowska born 1754 in Suszno, d. 1771

[the daughter of Count Jakub Komorowski and Antonina Pawlowska.
Gertruda Komorowska married Count Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki in 1770. The marriage was following a secret love affair. Her father-in-law send her back to her family. On her way home,
she died in mysterious circumstances -
see below on her sister
Antonina Leonora Komorowska, ILINSKA, Litwinow, b. ca 1755
(the ILLUMINATI family - see TADEUSZ GRABIANKA !)];

2.
Jozefina Amalia Mniszech / AMELIA POTOCKA, with 11 children

[she was the painter; 1752 - 1798, the daughter of Court Marshal
Jerzy August Mniszech and Css Maria Amelia Bruhl, and the granddaughter of Heinrich von Bruhl. I said Stanislaw Potocki was married three times:
Jozefina Amalia married Count Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki in 1774 in Dukla -
see DUKLA and FREEMASONS / Illuminati net];

3.
Zofia Clavone, with 8 children [the RUSSIAN SPY].

Jerzy August Mniszech [Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech] born in 1715, died in 1778, married to Maria Amalia Fryderyka Von Bruhl in 1750.
Jerzy August Mniszech b. 1715, the FREEMASON, in his Dukla was the center of the Freemasons Lodge;
the son of Jozef Mniszech (1670 - 1747) + Konstancja TARLO.

His daughter was above Jozefina Amelia (Potocka) Mniszech (1752 - 1798), the wife of mentioned Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki.

Above
Jozef Mniszech (1670 - 1747) was the father of:
Jerzy August Mniszech;
and
JAN KAROL MNISZECH.

Above Jan Karol Mniszech family:
1.
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski was the father of
Ludwina Wielhorska;
Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski;
Jan Jakub Zamoyski [married Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781];
Andrzej Zamoyski, Count;
Helena Potocka;
Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska,
and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech / Katarzyna Zamoyska born 1722, married Jan Karol Wandalin Mniszech 1716-1759, General.
2.
Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech

[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, son of above
Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771,
daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]

and Brygida / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka.

Note to DUKLA:

See the FREEMASONS -
Pierre Le Fort / LEFORT in 1749 in Dukla acted together with Jerzy August Mniszech b. 1715.
And
Jean Luc Louis de Toux de SALVERT with Jan Karol Mniszech b. 1716, in Wisniowiec by the Horyn river, in 1742.

Franciszek Stadnicki (1742 - 1810), the Bar insurgent in 1768, defender of Cracow / Krakow. The Ostrzeszow official; MP of Wielun in 1764; was the owner of Rymanow and Dukla (1809).
Stadnicki Franciszek was the General of the Kalisz troops in 1792 and in 1794.
The son of Antoni STADNICKI SENIOR, b. 1710, of Ostrzeszow and Wyszogrod + his 2nd wife, Teresa Potocki Stadnicka, the daughter of Franciszek POTOCKI, Colonel + Marianna Stradomski, Szembek, Potocka.

Note to named Antoni Stadnicki, senior, b. 1710:
Antoni Stadnicki, the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777 married Teresa Potocka.

Antoni Stadnicki was the son of
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1670, d. 1737;
the grandson of
Jan STADNICKI + Katarzyna Kowieska.

Note to Antoni Stadnicki, junior, b. 1771:

Franciszek Stadnicki b. 1742, and Teresa Wezyk had the son -
Antoni Stadnicki junior

[Antoni Waclaw Michal Egidiusz Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1771 in Opatow, died in 1836 in Trzcinica] + Jozefa Jablonowski [the daughter of Stanislaw Jablonowski];

Antoni Stadnicki, junior, acted in WIELUN and was the owner of DUKLA, Gorzyce, LEZYN, Ropianki, and in 1801 of ZMIGROD, but
in 1795 moved to Netherlands, until ca 1799.

Antoni Waclaw Stadnicki b. 1771, had a sibilings:

Ignacy Stadnicki + Ksawera Zboinska,
Anna + Stanislaw Malachowski,
Tekla Stadnicka b. 1775, d. 1843 + Jan Kanty Stadnicki b. 1765, d. 1842 ! [see below];
Helena the owner of DUKLA + General Wojciech Mecinski.

Note [I check my mistakes]:

Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki
was the son of
Piotr Stadnicki b. 1740, d. 1819;
the grandson of
Jozef Stadnicki 1710-1772 and Marcjanna Morska.

Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki [b. 1765 in Jakubkowice, d. in ZMIGROD in 1842], m. Tekla Stadnicka in 1804.
They had children:
Teresa Maria Glogowska b. 1808;
Izabela Maria KRASICKI, b. 1812;
Edward Piotr Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1817.

TEKLA Stadnicka was the daughter of
Franciszek Stadnicki 1742-1810 + Teresa Wezyk b. ca 1748
[see below !]. Teresa Wezyk, the daughter of Jozef WEZYK + Helena Jordan.

Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1742, was the son of
Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszow, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.

Also Franciszek Stadnicki and Teresa Wezyk had the son -
Antoni Stadnicki junior

[Antoni Waclaw Michal Egidiusz Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1771 in Opatow, died in 1836 in Trzcinica] + Jozefa Jablonowski [the daughter of Stanislaw Jablonowski];
Antoni Stadnicki, junior, acted in WIELUN and was the owner of DUKLA, Gorzyce, LEZYN, Ropianki, and in 1801 of ZMIGROD, but in 1795 moved to Netherlands, until ca 1799.

Brief note to
Jozef WEZYK older + Helena Jordan, born ca 1730, lived in BRONISZEWICE:

Broniszewice / Bronischewitz, 9 km north-west to PLESZEW [see Jakub Kiedrzynski],
9 km north-east to CZERMIN; 5 km north to Pacanowice and 4 km north-west to GRODZISKO.
18 km north-east to KOTLIN, 22 km north-east to DOBRZYCA, 24 km north to SOBOTKA.

Broniszewice -
Kazimierz Wielowiejski and Maksymilian Wielowiejscy, the owners ca 1730/1749; they sold BRONISZEWICE in 1749 to Jozef WEZYK of Osiny. JOZEF Wezyk was the Konary official in 1768-1771, in Wielun in 1758-1768; the member of the Radom Confederation in 1767, husband of named Helena Jordan.

Tadeusz Grabianka in 1802 found himself in Russia, i.e. in Ukraine.
In the autumn of 1804, Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of named Tadeusz Grabianka.

They owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia.

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki [b. ca 1710 ?] was the son of
Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.
Husband of Martyna Stadnicka.
Brother of Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki.

Above JAN Stadnicki [b. ca 1680 ?]:
died in 1740, the son of
Mikolaj Franciszek Stadnicki. Above MIKOLAJ Stadnicki [b. ca 1650 ?]: died in 1714, the son of
Franciszek Stadnicki 1st [b. ca 1620/1630 ?].

So the main thought of the Illuminati Order is the work of Tadeusz Grabianka.
The thought of taking power in Russia was a central idea guiding the Polish underground from the 80s of the 18th century until 1917. The continuator of the main thought of Tadeusz Grabianka about taking power in the tsar state - in the Russian Empire - was Jozef Pilsudski. Jozef Pilsudski was closest to Andrzejak - Konstantynowicz - Zbieranowski net of Miezonka - Moscow - Tallinn - Swolna.

But the thought of seizing power over freemasonry and secret societies in Europe went from the Stadnicki family since the 1740s.

In the 18th century, the following families joined closely: Mniszech - Kalinowski - Stadnicki - Potocki and it's already in the 1750s.
Secret societies were created by Russian intelligence after around 1721, for the destruction of the colonial power of England and France, which was to allow the conquest of the Pacific coast from Kamchatka and Alaska to Oregon and California.

The occupation of Paris by the Russians was their greatest strategic success in the early 19th century.
But the Crimean War showed the weakness of corrupt Russia defeated by France, England and Sardines. It was clearly the result of the counter-offensive of France and England in Europe.

Tadeusz Grabianka from the 1760s was intensively placed by his family in secret societies in Prussia and France.

The next step was taking over of the Illuminati in the 1770s by the Stadnicki group - Grabianka - Tarnowski.
Finally, in the 1780s Tadeusz Grabianka continued to create the main anti-Russian goals of the Illuminati organization.

From the beginning of the 19th century, the Polish network of the Illuminati turned into a Polish underground resistance conspiracy [1819 - 1821 - 1830 - 1833].
The defeat of Polish uprisings and the breaking up of Polish conspiracy by the Russians in 1815-1865, this was the result of the infiltration of European secret societies by Moscow already at the stage of their establishment in the 1st half of the 18th century.

It was only the thought of the Illuminati from around 1870 that led to success - the creation of Lenin.

The Paszkowski family - Armand - Konstantynowicz and the Potocki family from Lubuszany - Berezina - Zator - Krzeszowice played the leading role in the years 1878 - 1918.

For sample only -
Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, died in ZATOR in 1862, the CONSPIRATOR and the ILLUMINATI, who was closest friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, the Illuminati.
Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the ILLUMINATI, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of Tadeusz Grabianka - the ILLUMINATI; they owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia.

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki was the son of mentioned Jan Stadnicki [b. ca 1680 ?] and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.

Also
Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki d. 1775, the Latyczow official, and in Podolia; MP. He was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska.

See the Mniszech - Jablonowski branch of CONSPIRATORS.

Duke Antoni Jablonowski was the Polish conspirator - 1821.
but remember:
Jozefa Mycielska b. ca 1720 m. Dymitr Hipolit Aleksander Jablonowski

{the son of Jan Stanislaw Aleksander Jablonowski 1669-1731 -
who had also a son
Stanislaw Wincenty Jablonowski 1694-1754
and the grandson ANTONI BARNABA Jablonowski, 1732-1799;
and great-grandson General major Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski, 1762-1822;
the great-great-grandson was mentioned above CONSPIRATOR,
Antoni Michal Jablonowski, 1793-1855 + Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech 1798-1863}

and named Dymitr was the official in Swiecie, KOLO, and in Kowel [close to WLOCLAWEK and CHOCEN];
Dymitr was living in 1706-1788. Dymitr had the son KAROL 1768-1841, and the daughter Joanna Jablonowska b. 1753.

Antoni Jablonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Lukasinski; In 1825, Antoni Jablonowski negotiated with the Decembrists.
After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
About 1810 Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Mniszech, the daughter of
Michal Jerzy Mniszech

[Count Michal Jerzy Wandalin Mniszech (1742-1806), the son of
FREEMASON, Jan Karol Mniszech 1716-1759 and of Katarzyna Zamoyska, 1722-1771;
and the grandson of
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski the governor of Smolensk, 1679-1735 and also of the Lithuanian Marshal and the Crown Marshal, Jozef Antoni Mniszech, 1670 - 1747;
and the great-grandson of
MP, Jerzy Jan Mniszech (d. 1693) - the family of Maryna Mniszech.

Jozef Mniszech m. bef. 1694 to the daughter of Szymon Karol Oginski (1619-1699), ie. Dss Elenora Oginska.

Above
JOZEF WANDALIN MNISZECH had daughter Teresa Mniszech (1694-1746) m. 1st Jan Franciszek Stadnicki; 2nd to Jozef Lubomirski.

Jozef Wandalin Mniszech 2nd married Konstancja Tarlo with 4 children:
Freemason, Jerzy August Mniszech (1715-1778),
Freemason, Jan Karol Mniszech (1716-1759),
Elzbieta Mniszech (d.1746), m. Karol Wielopolski;
and Ludwika (1712-1785), m. in 1732 Jozef Potocki.
Jozef POTOCKI was the son of Jozef Stanislaw Potocki, 1673-1751.
Jozef Stanislaw Potocki was an enemy of Stanislaw Poniatowski in 1726; the Kiev and Poznan governor; the Cracow governor.
Closest to TEODOR POTOCKI].

Their [Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Mniszech] daughter Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Korwin-Krasinski, an officer of the November Uprising.

And the branch of MNISZECH - ZAMOYSKI - PONIATOWSKI:

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech

[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, the son of
Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech 1716-1759, and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771, the daughter of
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]

and Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska. Ludwika Poniatowska died after 1757 {d. in 1781} + Franciszek Galecki officiel in Wielun had also son Ignacy {GALECKI} born before 1740? or acc. to me 1745.

The KOMOROWSKI - ILINSKI branch:

Jozef August Ilinski born in 1766, General, the owner of Zytomierz until 1796, supporter of IGNACY POTOCKI;
the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Ilinski;

Jozef August Ilinski married to Antonina Leonora Komorowska 1770-1838, the daughter of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski, born in 1697 or in 1724 - died in 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawlowska;

the granddaughter of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670

{Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of
Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670,
and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700,
who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska]
[see President Bronislaw Komorowski].

Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from
Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.

Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670- 1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska
[Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670,
the daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka;
they had all 4 sons:
above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski;
above named Ignacy Komorowski;
Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice;
and Piotr d. 1747}.


We back again to
Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel and to George II King of England - and the link to Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot, in VIENNA:

"... The year 1717 is accepted as the founding year of modern 'speculative' Freemasonry. ... Queen Maria Theresias' husband, Franz Stephan von Lothringen, is regarded as the Spiritus Rector of the first Viennese lodge 'Aux trois Canons' which received its founding credentials from Breslau in 1739 ...
Maria Theresas son, Joseph II, ... founding of the first Grand Lodge in Vienna: 'The Grand National Lodge of Austria' ...".

J. L. Toux de Salverte / Jean-Luc-Louis de Toux de Salvert / Jan Lukasz Toux de Salverte / Colonel Toux de Salverte / De Toux de Salvert vel Salverte was the member of the Rosicrucian Golden 'Antico Sistema' or the Masonic rite 'of the Good Shepherd'.
"De Toux (or Detoux, more rarely Thoux) of Salvert (or Salverte) was born around Tournai (Belgium), at the time in the Austrian Netherlands ... professor of mathematics, enlisted in the Habsburg army in as an engineer ...
in Vienna, founded the 'Sternkreuz' lodge in 1744,
imprisoned and expelled from the Hapsburg Empire, fled to Warsaw, traveled across Europe, founded lodges ... He left no account of his thought, but an interesting correspondence ... died in 1797, at the age of 90, in Warsaw".
De Toux de Salverte continued teaching of Stanislaw Poniatowski after returning to Warsaw in 1749. From 1749, the lessons of architecture and engineering were given to the future King by the former Austrian officer Jan Lukasz Toux de Salverte.
The King PONIATOWSKI, met just before his election, foreign occultist Toux de Salverte, who was friendly with Moszynski.

Adam Poninski, junior, FREEMASON in 1774 in LWOW, and - in 1777 - Adam Poninski, junior, received from J. L. Toux de Salverte a higher initiation in the Warsaw's "Bon Pasteur" with the rank of "bachelor of the East and the Shield".
In 1779 Adam Poninski was affiliated to the "Parfait Sileone" Lodge with the honorary dignity of the "protector".

Jean Luc Louis de Toux de Salvert / SALVERTE acted together with Jan Karol Mniszech (1716 - 1759), in 1742 in WISNIOWIEC by the Horyn river.

Mentioned De Toux de Salverte stayed for some time in Bavaria [1745-1748], where he organized the Masons lodges, then he went to Poland and settled in Podhorce [RZEWUSKI], at the court of Waclaw Rzewuski.

The Grand Master of the Asiatic Brethren, and leading member of the Illuminati, was Prince Karl, the brother of Wilhelm I of Hessen-Kassel.
Both were the sons of Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel, from his wife, Mary of Hanover, Princess of Great Britain, daughter of George II King of England, and therefore cousin to Frederick II the Great of Prussia.

Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg (born in 1721, Wolfenbuttel - d. 1792, Vechelde), was a Prussian field marshal (1758-1766).
Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg was appointed to command the Hanoverian Army of Observation -
"... Ferdinand accepted this appointment on the condition that he would have direct access to George II ruler of Hanover and Britain".
"... 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army in Western Germany which successfully repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover [by Wikipedia]."

Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg also was a freemason, initiated in 1740 into the Lodge of The Three Globes in Berlin, and received the degree of Master Mason in 1743 at Breslau.
He was in the closest touch with Frederick the Great, who supervised the instruction of the guard battalion. Ferdinand was one of the most intimate friends of the king.
In 1759, "... Ferdinand retreated in the face of a French advance, but managed to check them with a decisive victory at the Battle of Minden. This ended the immediate French threat to Hanover, as the French army was in no condition to continue its advance".

Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick 1721 - 1792; Scottish Rite; he is the same Duke of Brunswick who was mentioned in Robison's secret Illuminati membership list; the patron of the Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot.

The Sabbatian Vienna Lodge of the Asiatic Brethren was founded by Jacob Frank's cousin, Moses Dobrushka, alias Von Schoenfeld.

Hans Heinrich von Ecker und Eckhoffen (1750 - 1790), a Bavarian Officer, established two of the various so-called 'fringe-masonic' ... Orders (or Systems) which flourished in the second half of the 18th century. The first, called the Ordo Rotae et Aureae Crucis (The Order of the Wheel and of the Golden Cross) was founded in 1776. By Faivre, Antoine, 'Asiatic Brethren', in: "Dictionary of Gnosis ...".

"... Amongst the order's heads it were Franz Thomas von Schonfeld as well as Ephraim Hirschfeld who allowed for this new and unprecedented influx of specifically Kabbalistic, Sabbatean and
partly Frankist bodies of thought"
- copyright in 2018 by Frater Acher.

Karsten Niebuhr in 1761 visited MALTA, in 1767 was also in Skala Podolska - the property of Stanislaw Kossakowski, died 1761, and then Skala belonged to his wife - Katarzyna Kossakowska [until 1787 and in 1799/1801].
Skala Podolska - the core of the FRANKIST movement!
Austria had seized areas of Podole in 1772.

Katarzyna Kossakowska, nee Potocka, in the 1750s, together with her husband, was one of the leading protector of Jakub Frank and Frankists.
She looked after Ignacy Potocki and actively supported the interests of the Potocki family.
In 1777, she received from the Empress of Austria, Maria Teresa, the title of Count and the Order of the Cross of Star.
In the last years of Poland, she was active in anti-Russian circles.

Jakub Jozef von Frank-Dobrucki / Jaakow Josef ben Juda Lejb Frank / Jakub Frank, b. 1726 in Korolowka in Podolia [50 km west to Kamieniec Podolski; 23 km south-west to Skala Podolska], or in Buczacz; d. 1791 in Offenbach near to Frankfurt by Men; Baron;
the creator of the Jewish Frankist sect and a merchant, a Kabbalist, rabbi, philosopher, astrologer and alchemist.
In 1755, two Sabbatans from Podolia, Nachman from Busko and Eliza Szor from Rohatyn came to him. They persuaded Jakub Frank Lejbowicz to start a messianic mission in Poland.
In 1756, he arrived in Zareczanka / Lanckorun, 40 km north-west to Kamieniec Podolski [Lanckoron / Zariczanka / Lanckorunia]. Zariczanka was owned by Lanckoronski; then to Dwernicki and ZUKOTYNSKI.

"The Order of the Asiatic Brethren was also know as the Die Ritter des Lichts (Knights of the Light) aka Order of Knights and Brothers of the Light ... (the Asiatic Brethren of St. John the Evangelist in Europe) banned 1785."

Jonathan Eybeschotz born in Cracow in 1690, d. Altona, 1764, was a Talmudist, Rabbi of the "Three Communities": Altona, Hamburg and Wandsbek.

According to Jacob Katz, Jonathan Eybeschotz's grandson was rumored to be Baron Thomas von Schoenfeld, an apostate Jew who inherited his grandfather's collection of Sabbatean kabbalistic works.
He eventually left the Sabbatean movement and founded a Masonic lodge called the Asiatische Bruder / Asiatic Brethren, one of four Illuminati lodges in Vienna.
After his uncle's death in 1791, he was offered the leadership of the Frankist movement which he refused.

Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816) was a French surgeon.
"In 1767 he founded a lodge of Illumines Theosophes, based on the anonymous writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. In 1774 he migrated to England.
In 1775 Chastanier and the Marquis de Thorn joined the Philalethes, a Masonic society founded by Savalette de Langes in Paris

[Charles-Pierre-Paul, marquis de Savalette de Langes, b. in Tours in 1745, died in 1797; he was captain of the national guards and
aide de camp of La Fayette.
SAVALETTE attends reformist clubs like the Valois club. Initiated in the lodge of the "Indissoluble Friends" in Lille in 1766, he is a member and co-founder of the "Les Amis Reunes" lodge, together with, among others,
the Vicomte of Tavannes,
Antoine Court of Gebelin,
Claude Baudard of Saint-James, the president of Hericourt,
and Prince Charles of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg.
SAVALETTE founded the Philalethes regime - martinism is the foundation of this new rite. This lodge welcomed Cagliostro, Mesmer, and Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin.
SAVALETTE also presided over the Philosophical and Masonic Congress of Paris, in 1785 and 1787. Co-founder in 1783 to the revolution of the "The Olympic of the Perfect Estime". Deputy of the Grand Orient of France for many years, first supervisor of the Chamber of Grades in 1782, he participated in the codification of orders of the French Rite. The last philosophical convent of philaleths was in 1787.
Philaleths or philatelists which translates as: friend or seeker of truth;
this regime of philosophical or mystical masonry was founded in 1773 by the Marquis Charles-Pierre-Paul Savalette of Langes in the Lodge "Les Amis Reunions".
This ritual lasted until the death of its founder in 1797; it had such a representatives:
Saint Martin ,
the brothers Lavater,
Ferdinand of Brunswick
and Joseph de Maistre].

In 1776, Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816), founded Universal Society in London to disseminate Swedenborg's writing.

In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon".


The outset of the ILLUMINATI in Poland and the beginning of social engineering in Poland, 1742/1749; and in MALTA in 1741.

Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, 1749, of Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778), and then to the family of Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszow (1710 - 1777) + Teresa Potocka.

And Jean Luc Louis de Toux de Salvert / SALVERTE with Jan Karol Mniszech (1716 - 1759), in 1742 in WISNIOWIEC by the Horyn river.

Wisniowiec by the HORYN river:

After the death of Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki in 1744, the Wisniowiec estate passed through his granddaughter Katarzyna Zamoyska to the estate of Jan Karol Mniszch.

Katarzyna Zamoyska b. 1722, the daughter of
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski, 1679-1735 in ZAMOSC, the governor of SMOLENSK + Elzbieta Wisniowiecka, 1701-1770, the daughter of
Michal Serwacy Korybut Wisniowiecki (1680-1744).

Katarzyna Zamoyska died in 1771.

Katarzyna Zamoyska, 1722-1771, married to Jan Karol Mniszech, 1716-1759,
the son of Jozef Mniszech (1670 - 1747), Great Crown Marshal in 1713, Court Lithuanian Marshal in 1706, the Cracow governor in 1742;
the grandson of Jerzy Jan Mniszech (d. 1693), nephew of the tsar Maryna Mniszech.

Mentioned Jozef Mniszech m. bef. 1694, to the daughter of Duke Szymon Karol Oginski (1619/1621 - 1699) ie. Dss Elenora Oginska.

Compare:

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka, born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk and here he was buried.
The son of
Rafal Alojzy Oskierka, 1708-1767, and Stanislawa Teresa OGINSKA.

Stanislawa Teresa Oskierka Oginska, 1724 - 1744, the daughter of Martian Michal Oginsky, b. 1672 in Witebsk.

Named Marcjan (Marcin) Michal Oginski 1672 - 1750, the Witebsk governor in 1730, Vitebsk castellan 1703-1730, marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 1712, 1718, 1723, prince.
Son of Szymon Karol Oginski.

Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was daughter of Samuel Leon Oginski and Zofia Billewicz.
She was sister of Jan Oginski; mentioned Szymon Karol Oginski / Symeon Oginski [see below !], and Helena Tyszkiewicz, inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruskuliene.

Above Samuel Leon Oginski b. ca 1593, d. 1657; inf. by Andrzej Hennel at geni.com.
Mentioned above Szymon Karol Oginski b. ca 1619/1621, d. 1699, son of Samuel LEW Oginski and Zofia [Samuel Leon Oginski / SAMUEL LEW Oginski, b. ca 1593 in Kruonis].
Brother of JAN JACEK Oginski;
Regina Korff Pociej [see below on the KALINOWSKI-TRUBECKI- KONSTANTYNOWICZ branch];
Krystyna Oginska;
Helena Tyszkiewicz - Lohojska;
Prakseda Oginska.

The father of Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695;

Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Oginski, son of wife's brother.

Leonard Gabriel Pociej married to above Regina Oginska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki.

Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was the daughter of
Samuel Leon Oginski and Zofia Billewicz.
She was sister of Jan Oginski; named above Szymon Karol Symeon Oginski, and Helena Tyszkiewicz, inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruskuliene. Above Samuel Leon Oginski b. ca 1593.

Note on Count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:

his father was Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother was Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error) -
Justyna was the daughter of
Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715),
and JUSTYNA BORZECKA married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski; she died after 1780?

The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695;
Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Oginski, son of wife's brother.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 the commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.

Ludwik Konstanty POCIEJ was the father of Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter
Justyna KALINOWSKA Borzecka (m. Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782).

Her son was Count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.

Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error).

Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:

1. Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski, the General of Polish Army, b. after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790.
2. and 3. -
see below on KALINOWSKI.

Marianna Elzbieta Uvarov nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was the daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska b. ca 1744,
the daughter of Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski b. 1687 -

BARBARA married to Sollohub; Aleksander Winnicki; above Kasper Lubomirski; and
Kalikst Poninski, b. 1752, the son of MACIEJ PONINSKI died in 1758 in WRZESNIA, the grandson of ADAM PONINSKI older, died in 1732.

The above MACIEJ Poninski branch:
Adam Karol Poninski, ca 1733 - 1798 in Warszawa; the son of named Maciej Poninski and Franciszka; Adam Karol Poninski was the father of Adam Poninski, Aleksander Poninski, and Karol Henryk Jerzy Poninski.

Adam Karol Poninski ie. Adam Poninski junior (1732 or 1733 - 23 July 1798) was a Polish Prince, the leader of the Radom Confederation of 1767, Grand Treasurer of the Crown (from 1775), member of the Permanent Council, the Marshal of the Parliament in 1773-1775.

Poninski Adam [junior] was
the grandson of the POZNAN governor, Adam Poninski, oldest [ca 1680 - 1732],
and Adam Poninski junior was the son of Maciej Poninski, the WSCHOWA official + 1st wife Franciszka Szoldrska, the daughter of Ludwik SZOLDRSKI
[see Wilkowo Polskie of the Szoldrski family, and Pradzynski-Kiedrzynski and also Kiedrzynski-Zamoyski branch].

Adam Poninski [junior] married Zofia Jozefa Lubomirska, the daughter of Joanna nee Stein / von Stein zu Jettingen b. 1723, + Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski b. 1687.

Adam Poninski, oldest:

see - the daughters of Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and TERESA.

Adam Poninski [junior] in 1775 visited LONDON [he was the chief of the Malta Order in Poland in 1774 ! - compare Cagliostro in London].
The owner of Derazno in Volhynia / Wolyn until 1779; and Bar, Cudnow, Lubar and Lysobyki in Volhynia; Lipowiec near Winnica.
FREEMASON in 1774 in LWOW, and - in 1777 - he received from J. L. Toux de Salverte a higher initiation in the Warsaw's "Bon Pasteur" with the rank of "bachelor of the East and the Shield". In 1779 Adam Poninski was affiliated to the "Parfait Sileone" Lodge with the honorary dignity of the "protector".

Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, 1682-1738, was the brother to
1.
Zofia Anna m. Adam Kozminski, official in Kalisz;
2.
Ludwika MIELZYNSKA, 1st married Rafal Tworzyjanski, official in Wschowa, 2nd to Adam Poninski, senior ["oldest"], ca 1680 - 1732.

Kasper Lubomirski 1724 - 1780, was son of Teodor Lubomirski and Elisabeth / Elzbieta Marianna.

MARIANNA LUBOMIRSKA was the wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Uvarov;
she was the mother of Emilia Kalinowska Potocka.

Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska was the sister of Jozefa Walewska.

Jozefina or Jozefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz. Michal Walewski, 1740 - 1806, was the son of Marcin Walewski.

Michal Walewski 1735 or 1740 - 1806, Voivode of Sieradz 1785-1792. Michal Walewski in 1788-1792 put forward the project of expansion of the Polish army to 100 000 soldiers; the Speaker of the Bar Confederation of Cracow province in 1771.
A member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation, with Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
he was the son of Marcin Walewski / Martin (d. 1761) who married with Antonina Magdalene Szembek b. circa 1710, d. 1744,
the daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.
The mother of the future owner of Tuczyn, and after her death Marcin Walewski married to Marcjanna Romer (d. 1761).

Antoni Michal Jablonowski - CONSPIRATOR,
the prince in Ostrog, Maryampol and Podkamien; born 1793 in Warsaw - died 1855 in Annopol; member of the Council of State of the Kingdom of Poland, chamberlain of the emperor of the Russian Empire, prince of the Congress Kingdom in 1820; a Polish conspiracy activist to 1826.

Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski and Teodora Walewska were the parents of Antoni JABLONOWSKI [more below !].

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jablonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of Michal Walewski

Michal Walewski 1740 - 1806; the son of Marcin Walewski.

MALTA and PONINSKI:

In 1776 Giuseppe Balsamo came to London. He learned about Freemasonry. He was admitted to the London 'Expectation' lodge on April 12, 1777 thanks to his influential friends. In England, he took the name of Count di Cagliostro. He wanted to reform this movement. In 1777 he was sent to prison for a short time; from London in 1778, went to the Netherlands, came to Paris in 1778.
He found there a patron - Cardinal Louis de Rohan.
From Paris in 1778, came to Germany,
and the Great Poland to ADAM PONINSKI.
He went to Konigsberg and in
COURLAND, Mitau / Mitava, and went to Saint Petersburg.
Then from Warsaw, in a few months Cagliostro appears in Strazburg in 1780; he met Cardinal Rohan, to play a prominent role in Paris in 1781.

Cagliostro arrived in St Petersburg in 1779 [until 1780], but he visited some important people and places in the following order before trip to St Petersburg:

Adam Poninski in Poland [maybe in Wilkowo Polskie - the land of the SZOLDRSKI family, his next of kin] in about September 1778 - February 1779;
Konigsberg / Krolewiec on 25th February 1779;
Mitau / Mitawa in Courland about 01st March 1779 [to von Medem and von Recke].

Cagliostro met in Mitau in March 1779, Charlotte Elisabeth Konstantia v. Recke, ie. Elisa von der Recke (1754 - 1833); she will be the future author, German writer and poet.

Elisabeth Charlotte Constanzia von der Recke born in Schunberg, Courland; was the daughter of the Imperial Count Frederick of Medem and his wife Louise.

In 1774, in Poland was established the Grand Priory of the Order of Malta, headed by Prince Adam Poniński.

In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte setting off on the Egyptian campaign took Malta and the Order was exiled. Above
Adam Poniński b. 1732, was the Speaker of Parliament from 1773 to 1775, and the Prior of the Priory of the Polish Order of the Knights of Malta. In Poland were two 'komandorie' (Commanderies).

The Order of the Knights of Saint John, also known as Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, and the Hospitallers, were among the most famous of the Roman Catholic military orders during the Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic order was further damaged by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. By the early 19th century, the order had been severely weakened by the loss of its priories throughout Europe.
Only 10% of the order's income came from traditional sources in Europe, with the remaining 90% being generated by the Russian Grand Priory until 1810.

This was partly reflected in the government of the Order being under Lieutenants, rather than Grand Masters, in the period 1805 to 1879, when Pope Leo XIII restored a Grand Master to the order.
Copyright by Wikipedia.

The Russian Emperor, Paul I, gave the largest number of knights shelter in St. Petersburg, an action which gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitallers and the Order's recognition among the Russian Imperial Orders.
The refugee knights in St Petersburg proceeded to elect Tsar Paul as their Grand Master - a rival to Grand Master von Hompesch until the latter's abdication left Paul as the sole Grand Master.

In 1834, the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since.

Details to my family in JEDLNO:

Izydor Kiedrzynski [maybe as Izydor Jan Kiedrzynski, after about 1776 staying in JEDLNO; his family joins family ties with Bleszynski],
and Magdalena Helena Walewska b. 1762 (Helena Walewska married probably IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI of Jedlno - Wola Wiazowa); she was buried in Stradom, Cracow.

In ca 1775, Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO, Borki and Jankowice close to Jedlno, and also of Kalinowa close to Zdunska Wola.
Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa [see my family in WOLA WIAZOWA with the branch of PRADZYNSKI-KIEDRZYNSKI-SULIMIERSKI !], was the son of Franciszek Walewski with his 3rd wife [a marriage in STRONSKO].

Franciszek senior was born ca 1675 / 1690 / 1710 - died in 1745 in Rusiec [see my family in RUSIEC]; the 3rd wife was Teodora Walewska.

Franciszek Walewski [1710 ? - 1745] from the 1st marriage had also a son Aleksander Walewski, official in Piotrków (1778), in Rozprza (1748), in Cracow in 1740, married Elzbieta Mecinska of Wieruszow and JEDLNO [see Izydor Kiedrzynski]!

Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski. Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746 -1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755 [maybe before 1755]; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Jozef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 who married to Ewa Mecinska of JEDLNO.

In ca 1775 Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO and Borki [see IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI].

Aleksander Walewski older, owner of Wieruszow, in 1761 officer in Piotrkow, m. ELZBIETA MECINSKA of Wielun; she was the owner of Wieruszow. They had son
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski, 1747-1792. He married Paulina Pulina Radolinska, the daughter of KAJETAN RADOLINSKI, and the granddaughter of Jozef Stefan Radolinski, b. ca 1690/1700, died in 1740.

From Florian Lubienski, 1705 - 1760, who was son of Maciej Lubienski and Marianna, were children: Celestyn Lubienski and Malgorzata.

Malgorzata Lubienska, b. 1720 [mistake ?] or 1733, died in 1784, m. above Kajetan Radolinski, born ca 1730 with children:
a. above Paulina Pulina Radolinska, b. ca 1750, m. mentioned Jozef Kalasanty Walewski of Jedlno, 1747-1792;
b. Karolina Radolinska, 1757-1824;
c. Piotr Radolinski, MP in 1788, b. 1760, d. 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska, 1774-1849.

Kajetan Radolinski - the official in Poznan, b. ca 1730, was great-grandfather of Jadwiga Maria Walewska born in Parzymiechy in 1825 - died in 1857 (her parents: Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 + Maria Radolinska born 1795 [see Wola Pszczolecka]).

Above mentioned
Kajetan Radolinski (born ca 1730 - died in 1794)
was the great-grandson of Andrzej Radolinski older (ca 1620 - 1681)
and the grandson of
Andrzej Radolinski younger, born ca 1670 and died in 1708.

Named Andrzej Radolinski younger born ca 1670, had a son
Jozef Stefan Radolinski, b. ca 1690/1700, died in 1740.
Jozef Stefan Radolinski had a sons:
Jozef Stanislaw Radolinski, 1730-1781 in WINNOGORA;
and Kajetan Radolinski (ca 1730 - 1794).

Above Aleksander Walewski of Wieruszow and Jedlno had sons:
1. Jozef / JOZEF KALASANTY WALEWSKI, b. 1747 + Paulina RADOLINSKA;
2. Daniel b. 1751;
3. MICHAL Walewski b. 1749 + Salomea PSARSKA.

Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had children:
1. Ludwika Walewska, 1775-1863 + Jozef Niemojowski. Jozef Niemojowski 1840-1857, junior, was grandson of above LUDWIKA and JOZEF Niemojowski / Niemojewski, senior.
2. Aleksander Jozef Colonna-Walewski, Count in 1833, MP 1830-31, 1778-1845 + Tekla Walewska

{the daughter of Michal Walewski 1749-1799 + Salomea Psarska b. 1761,
and the granddaughter of Aleksander Walewski + named Elzbieta Mecinska;

Sebastian Psarski official in Wielun, b. ca 1720 [the son of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691, died in MYSLNIEW, buried in OSTRZESZOW - and the grandson of Aleksander Psarski - see below !]; Teresa Niemojowska;

and great-granddaughter of Franciszek Walewski, the official in Rozprza, 1710-1745}

1783-1862.

3. Wincenty Walewski 1785-1820 + Konstancja Salomea Jozefa Walewska.
Konstancja was the daughter of Bogumil Gabriel Walewski, 1750-1814 + Jozefa Wezyk 1760-1817,
and granddaughter of Stanisław Jozef Walewski official in Spicymierz, 1720-1770; Konstancja Urszula Jordan;
and great-granddaughter of Aleksander WALEWSKI born ca 1700, and Wiktoria Bykowska.

All children of Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan;
Wojciech Ludwik Jordan,
and Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanislaw Jozef Walewski was born in 1720 ! or born in 1740-1770,
with the son:
Bogumil Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814

{his daughter Konstancja Salomea Jozefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819},
and the daughter - Kunegunda Szembek nee Walewska, born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Jozef Szembek, 1740-1835, MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793,
with son
Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdansk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier.

Wincenty Walewski 1785-1820 + Konstancja Salomea Jozefa Walewska, 1791-1843,
had a son
Mikolaj Jozef Daniel Colonna-Walewski, Count, 1813-1869 + Tekla Maslowska, 1818-1879,
and grandson
Wincenty Colonna-Walewski, Count, 1841-1896 {see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA and my family in this small village}.

See more on PSARSKI:

Parents of Jozef SULIMIERSKI [b. ca 1730 ?], the owner of Lubiec, and Kuznica, close to Wola Pszczolecka:
Michal Sulimierski [born ca 1705 ?] [son of Marianna Stokowska + SULIMIERSKI Sebastian {born ca 1675}] died ca 1780, and unknown wife

[Michal Sulimierski, who died in ca 1780, bought Lubiec with Kuznica near Lubiec, south-east of Wola Pszczolecka in 1745, and also bought Wola Pszczolecka, m. to Elzbieta Miniszewska, 2nd to Katarzyna Szczepanska - Swiatkowska; 3rd - ? - to Jadwiga JAROSZEWSKA.

Tomasz Psarski born ca 1730, had daughter Marianna Psarski born ca 1755 - the owner of Wola Dzierlinska, m. Mikolaj Sulimierski born ca 1730, the son of mentioned above
Michal Sulimierski born ca 1705, and Jadwiga Jaroszewska.

Above Tomasz Psarski married to Dorota Kiedrzynska, the daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski, she was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski; Tomasz Psarski was 2nd voto Franciszka Rupniewska died 1826. Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Jozef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809].

Tomasz Psarski born ca 1730 / 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son Antoni Psarski born in 1770.

TOMASZ Psarski (ca 1730/1740 - died after 1770 / in 1807), son of
Mikolaj Psarski born ca 1690, and Teresa Skrzynska Psarska;
the official in Nowogrodek, in 1786 owned Wola Dzierlinska; 1st married to Dorota Kiedrzynska (b. ca 1740 - died 1784), daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski.

PSARSKI ALEKSANDER MAREK died ca 1726, m. Marianna
with:
A.
MIKOLAJ Psarski died 1762 (branch of Tomasz Psarski married Kiedrzynska) m. Teresa Skrzynska [see below];
B.
FRANCISZEK KSAWERY 1691 - 1772, the owner of Cieszanowice, Poradzew, Gawlowice, part of Biala, Unikow, Myslniew, Szklarka and m. Teresa Silnicka / Sielnicka in 1726. Teresa Sielnicka b. 1700.

Above FRANCISZEK KSAWERY Psarski b. 1691, had children:

1. Marianna b. ca 1740, m. Jan Nepomucen Kosma Damian Adam Olszowski b. 1733 in Baranow;
2. Wojciech Stefan Psarski owner of Szklarka, m. Marianna / Magdalena Walewska;
3. Jadwiga 1740-1808 m. Ludwik Bylina, son of Anna nee Madalinski;
4. Jan Kanty Psarski owner of Wielgie and DYMKI, m. Teodora / Honorata Pstrokonska b. 1730,
with
a. Tomasz m. Jablkowska;
b. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 m. Jakub Madalinski, 1775-1833;

5. Jakub Fryderyk PSARSKI, born ca 1730, d. 1805, owner of Myslniew close to Ostrzeszow;

6. Konstancja Psarska m. in 1784, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski d. ca 1805, owner of Wola Wiazowa ! - son of Franciszek WALEWSKI.

Above TOMASZ Psarski (born ca 1730 - 1807), was the son of above named Mikolaj Psarski owner of Zielonczyn and Teresa Skrzynska, in 1786 owner of Wola Dzierlinska. Tomasz married to Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski, she was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski; Tomasz Psarski was 2nd voto Franciszka Rupniewska died 1826.

Above

Antoni Jablonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Lukasinski; In 1825, Antoni Jablonowski negotiated with the Decembrists. After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
About 1810 Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech / Paulina MNISZECH, the daughter of
Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch.

Their daughter Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Korwin-Krasinski, an officer of the November Uprising.

Note to mentioned
Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch, b. 1742:

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech
[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, the son of Jan Karol Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin- Mniszech 1722-1771, the daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]
and Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Remember:

Jean Luc Louis de Toux de Salvert / SALVERTE co-operated with Jan Karol Mniszech (1716 - 1759), in 1742 in WISNIOWIEC by the Horyn river. Both were the FREEMASONS.

We back to WALEWSKI:

Jozefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851; she was wife of Adam Walewski, and Jan Witt, Count; copyright by Leszek Mila. Adam Walewski + Jozefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), the daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska.

We back to KALINOWSKI:

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760
with children:
1. Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski, the General of Polish Army, b. after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790.
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski, b. 1784 d. 1831, had son Wladyslaw Kalinowski.

Children of mentioned count Jozef Kalinowski:
1. Seweryna Kalinowska, b. 1814 d. 1852,
2. Jozefina Kalinowska married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844;
3. Olga Kalinowska, born 1822, died 7 April 1899 in Retow;
4. M. Kalinowska (Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki
was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course (see the Konstantynowiczs in Estonia and TRUBECKI in Tallinn)!

Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Trubetsky / Gregori Trubiacki / Grzegorz Trubecki was a Prince of the Troubetzkoy family. He married above MARIA Kalinowska (lived in St Petersburg to 1840, then in Cracow).

Grigory / Grzegorz Trubecki was the son of
Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy / Prince Petr Nikolaevich Troubetskoy born 18 November 1773 and died 16 November 1801 and Nadezhda Ivanovna Pestov / nee Pestova born 1793.

Above Prince Petr Nikolaevich TROUBETSKOY, b. 1773 and d. 1801 had parents:
mother Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Czerkasskaja / Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Tcherkassky, and
her husband Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj, b. 1744 and d. 1820 / 1821, writer, who was the son of
Prince Nikita Yurievich TROUBETSKOY (1699 - 1767, for 3 years as head of the Military Board with the rank of Field Marshal General).

We back to MNISZECH:

Teresa Lubomirska (Mniszech) (1694/1697 - 1746) was the daughter of
Jozef Wandalin Antoni Mniszech, b. 1670, and Pss ELEONORA OGINSKA.

And the granddaughter of Jerzy Jan / Jerzy Mniszech, b. ca 1645, and Anna Chodkiewicz.

Mentioned Teresa Mniszech (1694-1746) married Jan Franciszek Stadnicki; after 1717 she was married 2nd to Jozef Lubomirski.

Jan Franciszek Stadnicki of Zmigrod, 1656 - 1713 in Krasnystaw, was the son of Wiktoryn Stadnicki and Teresa Tomislawski.

Jan Franciszek Stadnicki was the brother of Jozef Antoni Stadnicki, died in 1736;
Jozef Antoni Stadnicki had a son Jan Jozef Stadnicki who married 3 times, with the son Michal Jan Stadnicki.

We know also on:
Jan Stadnicki, b. 1636, married Katarzyna Kowieska.
ANTONI STADNICKI, the official in Ostrzeszow, Czernihow, and Wyszogrod, the owner of Kobyle; Roznow; Zbyszyce;
named Zbyszyce - south to ROZNOW - north to Nowy Sacz [1772 in Austria].
Antoni's father -
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki [Wladyslaw Stadnicki had 2 brothers: 1668-1745 and 1671-1721] b. ca 1670 - 1737; he was the son of
Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Kowieska.
Jan's father:
Piotr Stadnicki, b. 1598, died in 1636, and Elzbieta Jordan b. ca 1610
- Elzbieta Stadnicki of Lichwin, was married 3 times. Jordan was the owner of Zakliczyn.

Jozef Wandalin Mniszech b. 1670, m. 2nd to Konstancja Tarlo, with 4 children:
Jerzy August Mniszech (1715-1778),
Jan Karol Mniszech (1716-1759),
Elzbieta Mniszech d. 1746, m. Karol Wielopolski,
and Ludwika Mniszech (1712-1785), m. Jozef Potocki.

Jozef Potocki b. 1673, d. 1751, married also to Wiktoria Leszczynska, with:
Zofia Potocka, and
Stanislaw Potocki.

Named here Stanislaw Potocki (1698 - 1760),
had a son
Jozef Potocki (1735 - 1802),
and the grandsons:
Jan Potocki, writer;
Seweryn Potocki.

Seweryn Potocki, b. 1762 in Kurylowka, died in 1829, MP, Senator, the secret counselor and member of the Council of State of the Russian Empire, curator of the Kharkiv University, Freemason of the IZIS Lodge, a Maltese bachelor in 1811.

Note to named the WALEWSKI family and on SARYUSZ ZAMOYSKI.

Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Laszowska with son

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI, 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wezyk, d. 1792 - owner of Kalinowa and Ligota, 1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wezyk.

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI had children:

A. Michal Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krzeslow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA and my family), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,

C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolinska, the daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckoronska.

D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kreska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karsnicka.

Karol Walewski died ca 1757, had the brother Wojciech Walewski died in 1757.

Wojciech Walewski had the son Ludwik Mikolaj Walewski b. 1754.

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow, the daughter of
Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzecka
- she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Swierzyny, to Mikolaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771.

Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, married Brygida Galecka, daughter of Franciszek GALECKI and Ludwika Poniatowska.

BRYGIDA married 2nd to Jan Radolinski; she come from the family of the King Poniatowski - Ludwika nee Poniatowska / Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) as "Luds" was the sister of King. Brygida Walewski was born ca 1745 to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764 ? - 1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Jozef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.

Jozef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of
Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski.

Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1747 ? or circa 1764/1766-1821).

Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew, married Petronela Radolinski.

Kazimierz Bleszynski 1703 - 1757, who married Teresa Jordan had mentioned above the son Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813).

Ignacy was half brother of Wojciech Ludwik Jordan and Konstancja Urszula Walewska.

Petronela RADOLINSKA who died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of above Kazimierz and Teresa Struss;
Ignacy was the owner of Zloczow and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczow, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska.
See: Wola Pszczolecka.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca ca 1747 / 1764-1821), was the daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida GALECKA or Maria Brygida Galecki;

Petronella / Petronela was the granddaughter of Jozef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 who was also father of Jozef Stanislaw Radolinski

[Jozef Stanislaw Radolinski 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogora, the Szamotuly County, father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer]

and remember that Jozef Stefan Radolinski was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 / 1678 - 1723 who m. Kazimierz Walewski.

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of Urszula Maria Mniszech

[wife of Michal Jerzy Mniszech born 1742, son of Jan Karol Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722- 1771 / Katarzyna ZAMOYSKA, the daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]

and the mother of mentioned Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska.

Ludwika Poniatowska died after 1757 {d. in 1781} + Franciszek Galecki officiel in Wielun, had also son Ignacy {GALECKI} born before 1740? or acc. to me 1745/1746.

Michal Zamoyski b. 1690 or acc. to me: born ca 1679, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rozen / ROZAN ? - that is
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski, the 6th landlord of ZAMOSC, b. ca 1679 or after 1679, died 1735 in Zamosc;
he married three times;
3rd time to unknown with two daughters born ca 1723 / 1730 {Marianna Zamoyska / Marjanna nee Zamoyska - KIEDRZYNSKA - REMBOWSKA, inf. in 1775 }
and the second daughter after 1723.

Above Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski was also the father of
Ludwina Wielhorska;
Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski;
mentioned Jan Jakub Zamoyski;
Andrzej Zamoyski, Count;
Helena Potocka;
Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska, and
Katarzyna Mniszech born 1722, married Jan Karol Mniszech 1716-1759, General.

Named above
Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki,
the son of Konstanty Krzysztof Wisniowiecki,
the grandson of Janusz Wisniowiecki (1599 - 1636);
the great-grandson of Konstanty Wisniowiecki (1564 - 1641).

The great-great-grandson of Konstanty Wisniowiecki d. 1574 - prince.

After death of Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki in 1744 Wisniowiec was taken by Katarzyna Zamoyska to hands of Jan Karol Mniszech.

Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki, the son of Konstanty Krzysztof Wisniowiecki, the grandson of Janusz Wisniowiecki (1599-1636).

In Wisniowiec was staying twice the King, Stanislaw August Poniatowski: in 1781, meeting with Duke Pawel, then Pawel I, Tsar of Russia / Paul I.
And in 1787 at way to Kaniow.

Mentioned De Toux de Salverte stayed for some time in Bavaria [1745-1748], where he organized the Masons lodges, then he went to Poland and settled in Podhorce [RZEWUSKI], at the court of Waclaw Rzewuski. SALVERTE took over the position of the tutor of his sons.

Dukla:

In 1710, the indebted Mecinski sold his half of Dukla to Jozef Wandalin Mniszch - the marshal of the great crown Court, and the governor of Cracow / Krakow. Mniszech became the owners of all Dukla.

In 1742, Jerzy August Mniszech became the heir of Dukla. In 1750, he married Maria Amalia Bruhl - a daughter of Henryk Bruhl, omnipotent minister of the treasury of Poland and Saxony, at the court of King Augustus III.

Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, in 1749, with Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778), established new Masonic Lodge.

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), was the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699);
Louis Le Fort, was born in Strasbourg, Alsace, France [de ROHAN];

LOUIS LEFORT - the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA - was the son of Caroline von Falkenhayn LE FORT + Pierre Frederic Le Fort, born in 1716, FREEMASON, chevalier de l'Ordre militaire;
the grandson of Jean Le Fort, chevalier de l'Ordre de Saint-Alexandre Niefsky / the Order of St Alexandre NEVSKY, 1685-1739.

CONSPIRATORS in Belarus:

We look on Alina Aleksandra Beydo-Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska MONIUSZKO + ca 1830 to Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 - with a daughter
Paulina MONIUSZKO, 1831-1903 + Leon Wankowicz b. 1831.

Alina's great-grandparents:

Waclaw Rzewuski 1705-1779 SENIOR [see Freemasons];
Michal Kazimierz Radziwill 1702-1762;
Antoni Jerzy Rdultowski;
Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski 1737-1786;
Anna Lubomirska 1717-1763;
Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753;
Justyna Chlusewicz;
Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.

The son of named above WACLAW Rzewuski 1705-1779, senior:
Seweryn RZEWUSKI, General major in 1760, 1743-1811 + Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska.

Mentioned Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka RADZIWILL, 1705-1753, was the daughter of
Janusz Antoni Wisniowiecki;
the granddaughter of
Konstanty Krzysztof Korybut-Wisniowiecki born in 1635;
the great-granddaughter of Duke Janusz Wisniowiecki, b. 1599;
the great-great-granddaughter of Konstanty Wisniowiecki, b. 1564 - see also above.

WISNIOWIEC:

In Poland, the first lodge was established in Wisniowiec in 1742. This lodge included Konstanty Jablonski, Michal Oginski / Michal Kleofas Oginski, Fryderyk August Moszynski, Michal Wielhorski and Andrzej Mokronowski. Seven years later, on the initiative of court royal marshal, Jerzy August Mniszch, the second lodge was established, in Dukla.

In 1742 a Masonic Lodge in Wisniowiec was founded by the Lithuanian Grand Chamberlain GENERAL Jan Karol Mniszech.

Note to Jan Karol Mniszech - b. 1716, d. 1759,
the son of Jozef Wandalin Mniszech b. 1670, d. 1747, Marshal, and
Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778), Marshal, was also the son of mentioned Jozef Mniszech (1670- 1747).

Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, 1749, acted together with Jerzy August Mniszech (1715 - 1778). Crown court marshal Jerzy August Mniszech, with the help of baron Pierre Le Fort, who was exiled from Russia, founded in Dukla in 1749 a second Lodge in which the same English ritual symbolics were as in the first one.

Note to WISNIOWIEC and Michal Kleofas Oginski:

Now we look at Szymon Karol / Symeon Oginski b. ca 1621, died 1699, who was also brother of JAN Oginski (1619 - 1684);

Szymon was father of Zofia Oginska;
Boguslaw Oginski Duke;
Marcin Michal OGINSKI [see !] Duke, 1672 - 1750 / Marcjan Michal Oginski;
Krystyna Tyszkiewicz;
Eleonora; Jurgis Oginskis and Aleksander Oginski.

And the branch of Andrzej Ignacy Joachim Jozafat Oginski b. 1740 in Tadulin, the Vicebsk / Witebsk province, died 1787 in Guzow, the Marshal under Andrzej Mokronowski in 1776,
son of Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski b. 1712 and Izabella Radziwill (Tadeusz had 2nd wife Jadwiga Zaluska).

Andrzej Oginski married Paula Szembek, with the son Michal Kleofas Oginski!

Above Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski, 1712 - 1783 in Molodeczno, was son of above
Marcjan Michal Oginski (1672 - 1750) + Teresa Brzostowska.

Tadeusz's children:
above Andrzej Ignacy Oginski, and
Franciszek Ksawery Oginski.

Above MARCJAN Marcin Michal Oginski, 1672 - 1750, m. to Teresa Brzostowski, then 2nd to Teresa Tyzenhaus; 3rd Krystyna Abramowicz; 4th Tekla Anna Larska.

In Poland, the first lodge was established in Wisniowiec in 1742. This lodge included Michal Oginski, Fryderyk August Moszynski, Michal Wielhorski and Andrzej Mokronowski.
The second Lodge by Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, 1749, of Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778).

Now on ROHAN and Malta:

Emmanuel Marie-des-Neiges de Rohan Polduc, Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (1725 - 1797), born in Spain, d. in Valletta.

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762, and they back to Malta. Cagliostro again visited Malta after trips to North Africa and Europe, where new Grand Master de ROHAN-POLDUC, grant him a chivalrous dignity.

ROHAN-POLDUC branch come from the Rohan-Gue-de-l'Isle branch and of Rohan eldest branch; from Rohan eldest branch come Rohan-GUEMENE and from Guemene line come 1. Rohan-Rochefort and 2. Rochan-Soubise.

MALTA:

Manuel Pinto da Fonseca, b. 1681, d. 1773, was the 68th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1741, and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, 1741 - 1773; he was known as ALTHOTAS.

His foster child was Claude Charles DE DAMAS DE MARILLAC, Vicomte DE DAMAS DE MARILLAC, 1731- 1800.

Manuel Pinto da Fonseca was a friend of Cagliostro. He met Balsamo-Cagliostro in MESSINA.

Malta, Naples / Napoli and Cagliostro:

Manuel Pinto da Fonseca, b. 1681, d. 1773, the friend of Cagliostro. Malta was visited in 1754 by unknown chemist. Swedish naturalist - Pehr Forsskal, 1732-1763, visited Malta in 1761. In 1762-1766, Cagliostro in Malta in the Pinto's laboratory. Acc. to Freller.

Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1741, was considered by Count Cagliostro as a true Illuminati.

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762.

Next Grand Masters:

Francisco Ximenes de Texada, Aragon, in 1773-1775.

Emmanuel Marie de Rohan-Polduc / Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, Grand Master in 1775 - 1797.

Emmanuel Rohan born 1725 in Spain;

De Rohan in 1797, established the Russian Grand Priory, which later evolved into the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller.
Come from BRETANIA. Around 1500 as Rohan-Gue-de-l'Isle. Named after the land of Pouldu near Pontivy (now common Saint-Jean- Brevelay).
His great character is Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, Grand Master of the Order of Malta from 1775 to 1797.
Branch extinct in 1800.

Branch of Rohan - Polduc come from John II of Rohan-Gue-de-l'Isle, d. 1517.

Jean-Baptiste I de Rohan-Polduc d. 1711, m. Pelagie Martin, dame de Chateaulin,
with the son
Jean-Baptiste II de Rohan-Polduc d. 1755, m. Marie Louise de Velthoven
and grandson
Jean-Baptiste de Rohan-Polduc b. 1724;
his sister was Marie Pelagie de Rohan-Polduc (1724-1753), the wife of (1737) Francois de Groesquer, comte de Groesquer and
his brother was
Emmanuel Marie-des-Neiges de Rohan-Polduc (b. 1725 - d. 1797 in Valletta; ambassador, general of the galleys, bailiff of Justice, general of the land and naval forces, Knight of Malta, grand master of the order of the Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem.


The genealogical data to Stadnicki / ILLUMINATI branch with Kalinowski and Grabianka
- Mecinski [Trzebniow] - Walewski [JEDLNO] - Mniszech [Dukla] and Krasinski [ZEGRZE + Kamieniec Podolski; see Kazimierz Pulaski] families - Illuminati and the FREEMASONS net:

So the main thought of the Illuminati Order is the work of Tadeusz Grabianka. The thought of taking power in Russia was a central idea guiding the Polish underground from the 80s of the 18th century until 1917. The continuator of the main thought of Tadeusz Grabianka about taking power in the tsar state - in the Russian Empire - was Jozef Pilsudski. Jozef Pilsudski was closest to Andrzejak - Konstantynowicz - Zbieranowski net of Miezonka - Moscow - Tallinn - Swolna.
But the thought of seizing power over freemasonry and secret societies in Europe went from the Stadnicki family since the 1740s.
In the 18th century, the following families joined closely: Mniszech - Kalinowski - Stadnicki - Potocki and it's already in the 1750s. Secret societies were created by Russian intelligence after around 1721, for the destruction of the colonial power of England and France, which was to allow the conquest of the Pacific coast from Kamchatka and Alaska to Oregon and California.
The occupation of Paris by the Russians was their greatest strategic success in the early 19th century. But the Crimean War showed the weakness of corrupt Russia defeated by France, England and Sardines. It was clearly the result of the counter-offensive of France and England in Europe.

Tadeusz Grabianka from the 1760s was intensively placed by his family in secret societies in Prussia and France.
The next step was taking over of the Illuminati in the 1770s by the Stadnicki group - Grabianka - Tarnowski. Finally, in the 1780s Tadeusz Grabianka continued to create the main anti-Russian goals of the Illuminati organization. From the beginning of the 19th century, the Polish network of the Illuminati turned into a Polish underground resistance conspiracy [1819 - 1821 - 1830 - 1833]. The defeat of Polish uprisings and the breaking up of Polish conspiracy by the Russians in 1815-1865, this was the result of the infiltration of European secret societies by Moscow already at the stage of their establishment in the 1st half of the 18th century. It was only the thought of the Illuminati from around 1870 that led to success - the creation of Lenin - until 1937 in Russia.

The Paszkowski family - Armand - Konstantynowicz and the Potocki family from Lubuszany - Berezina - Zator - Krzeszowice played the leading role in the years 1878 - 1918.
For sample only - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, died in ZATOR in 1862, the CONSPIRATOR and the ILLUMINATI, who was closest friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, the Illuminati.

Details:

Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski,
ie.
Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski, 1811-1849, the son of
Jozef Wawrzyniec Krasinski, b. 1783 in Zegrze, d. 1845 in Free City of Cracow; and of Emilia Anna Ossolinska died in 1832.
And Dorota Jablonowska, b. 1820, the daughter of
Antoni Jablonowski, 1793 - 1855; and of Paulina Mniszech
[the Jablonowski and Mniszech families were CONSPIRATORS and FREEMASONS / Illuminati].

Above Jozef Wawrzyniec Onufry Krasinski, b. 1783 [see below on ZEGRZE !], was the son of
Kazimierz Jan Krasinski and Anna Ossolinski;
and the grandson of
Antoni Krasinski b. 1693, and Barbara ZIELINSKI.
The great-grandson of
Jakub Krasinski, 1670/1680 - 1737 and Barbara KUKLINSKI.
Jakub was the son of Dominik Ludwik Krasinski b. ca 1645, and Katarzyna Anna. Compare below: the BISHOP, Adam Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1714, was the son of Jan Jozef Ignacy Krasinski b. 1675, the OPINIOGORA official, and Elzbieta Teresa Soltyk [Ewa Trojanowska was the 2nd wife of Jan Jozef Krasinski, 1675-1764 in Krasne close to PRZASNYSZ; Krasne is situated south-east to Przasnysz at way to ROZAN; 9 km south-east to LESZNO - see Wodkiewicz-Jaworska of Lodz. Compare the Zbigniew Brzezinski family ie. ROMAN family]. Adam was the grandson of Felicjan Krasinski died in 1713. Felicjan and above Dominik Ludwik KRASINSKI there are brothers!

Compare:

Krasinski noted in a letter to Dolphina Potocka on 26 November 1841: Towianski actually knew the doctor Becu.
Zygmunt Krasinski on June 15, 1851 sent a letter to Count Zamoyski, in which he wrote of the rumors about "Master" TOWIANSKI like the Russian spy.

Napoleon Stanislaw Adam Felix Zygmunt Krasinski, b. 1812 in Paris, d. 1859, the greatest poet of Polish Romanticism;
the biggest influence on his views and all life had a father
Vincent Krasinski / Wincenty Krasinski - General of Napoleon, and later a loyal subject of the Russian Tsar.

Zygmunt Krasinski died on February 23, 1859 in Paris. His parents Vincent Krasinski and Maria Ursula Radziwill;
marriage with Eliza Branicka,
children Wladyslaw Krasinski, Jerzy Zygmunt Krasinski, Maria Beatrice and Eliza Krasinska.

Above Wladyslaw Krasinski, b. 1844 in Warsaw, d. 1873 in Menton, son of Sigmund / Zygmunt Krasinski and Elizabeth Branicka / Eliza Branicka, during the January Uprising worked in Paris together with Prince Wladyslaw Czartoryski.
Marriage to Rose Potocki / Roza Potocka, and was the father of three children:
Adam Krasinski (1870-1909), Elizabeth Krasinska (1871-1905) and Sophia Krasinska (1873-1891).

Count Adam Krasinski (b. 1870 in Krakow, d. 1909 in Ospedaletti, Liguria), editor of the Library of Warsaw (1901-1909), 1897 marriage to Wanda Mary Badeni (1874-1950),
daughter of Casimir Badeni / Kazimierz BADENI, Prime Minister of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Aleksandryna Potocka was the owner of LUBUSZANY, 13 km to Miezonka of the Konstantynowiczs.
Aleksandryna Potocka became friends with her cousin, Eliza Branicka, the later Eliza / Elzbieta BRANICKA was the wife of Zygmunt Krasinski, in 1835 until 1859,
not to 1876.

Miss Potocka formally remained under the care of Tsar Nicholas I. Around 1836, she became the lady of the imperial court [see on Kalinowski - Branicki fate in 1840 ! and Maria Kalinowska Trubecka back home to Cracow in 1840].
On her marriage with her cousin August Potocki from Wilanow recalled Jadwiga Dzialynski Zamoyska years later.

1784 - Tadeusz Grabianka divorced his wife Teresa Stadnicki.
Later, he left Poland and settled in French Avignon, where he set up his own "New Israel" Order of the Illuminati.
In 1782, Tadeusz Grabianka in LIW built a baroque mansion that was burnt down in the middle of the 19th century, as the headquarters of his office and court.
The GRABIANKA couple was the friends of the Kamieniec Podolski bishop KRASINSKI ie. Adam Stanislaw Krasinski.

In 1768 in Bar in Podolia, on the initiative of the Catholic bishop of Kamieniec Podolski, Adam Stanislaw Krasinski (later he was a supporter of the Constitution of May 3) and the court marshal Jerzy August Mniszech [Freemason / pre-Illuminati], an armed part of the nobility was formed as a general confederation under the leadership of Michal Hieronim Krasinski and Jozef Pulaski (father of Kazimierz PULASKI) known today as the Bar Confederation.

Note to named Kazimierz Pulaski:

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1730 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz - was the husband of Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauz.

Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz,
and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.

Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Jozef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz and Joanna PULASKI, the daughter of Jozef PULASKI; ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano;
father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Jozefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski;
brother of Teodora Walewska.

Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Jozef Pulaski;
she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero.

Anastazy Walewski / ATANAZY Colonna-Walewski in 1764 was the Elector of Stanislaw August Poniatowski from the province of Leczyca;
he was a member of parliament in 1776; member of the Permanent Council in 1780; 1780, he was awarded the Order of St. Stanislaus. Founder of the palace in Walewice.

Mentioned Confederation of 1768 was formed in defense of the Catholic faith and independence of the Commonwealth, which was threatened by the guardianship of tsarist Russia, and thus against Russia
- actually the Russian armies in Poland and the tsarist Catherine II, with her supporter on the Polish throne Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
The purpose of the confederation was to abolish the laws imposed by Russia.

Named above
Adam Stanislaw Krasinski (1714-1800) was a Polish noble of Slepowron coat of arms, the bishop of Kamieniec PODOLSKI (1757-1798) [compare CARSTEN NIEBUHR in 1761 in MALTA, and in 1767 in Kamieniec Podolski and Skala Podolska], Great Crown Secretary (from 1752).

The BISHOP, Adam Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1714, was the son of
Jan Jozef Ignacy Krasinski b. 1675, and Elzbieta Teresa Soltyk
[Ewa Trojanowska was the 2nd wife of Jan Jozef Krasinski, 1675-1764 in Krasne close to PRZASNYSZ;
Krasne is situated south-east to Przasnysz at way to ROZAN; 9 km south-east to LESZNO - see Wodkiewicz-Jaworska of Lodz. Compare the Zbigniew Brzezinski family ie. ROMAN family. Bishop Krasinski of Kamieniec Podolski, was died in Krasne in 1800].

The BISHOP, Adam Krasinski was the brother of Michal Hieronim Krasinski [Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. 1712 - d. 1784; the Marshal of the BAR Confederation in 1768 + Aleksandra ZALUSKA]; and Anna Chosciak-Popiel / Anna POPIEL [the branch of Zbigniew Brzezinski].

Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. in 1712, had a son
Jan KRASINSKI, 1756 - 1790 married to Antonina CZACKA, 1756-1834.

Jan Krasinski (1756-1790) + Antonina Czacka
with a son Wincenty Krasinski, b. 1782 in Boromel at Volhynia [+ Maria Radziwill],
and the grandson - Zygmunt Krasinski, b. 1812, became one of Poland's greatest romantic poets.

Jan was the son of
Michal Hieronim Krasinski (1712 - May 25, 1784).
Michal Krasinski was a Polish noble, the official in Stezyca, and of Rozan, and in Opiniogora [23 km west to Krasne; south-west to PRZASNYSZ], MP, one of the leaders of the Bar Confederation (1768 - 1772).
He was a captain and served August III army. He was a member of parliament in 1748 and 1750 as a deputate from Sandomierz voivodoship and in 1756, 1758 and 1760.
Brother of Adam Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1714, d. 1800.
Michal was the father of Jan Krasinski b. 1756. Grandfather of Wincenty Krasinski b. 1782. Wincenty's son was Zygmunt Krasinski born in 1812.
He was buried in Krasne close to PRZASNYSZ.

See ZEGRZE:

After the death of prince Maciej Radziwill in 1800, Poloneczka was inherited by his son, Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill (1793-1869), by his mother Elzbieta Chodkiewicz Radziwill.
In 1815, Konstanty Radziwill married Maria Grabowska, who died in 1826. 2nd marriage to Celestyna Sulistrowska. Konstatnty m. 3rd to Adela Karnicka.

Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill was, among others, a member of the Vilnius Education Commission (1820), chamberlain of the tsarist court (1832), marshal of the nobility of the Nowogrodek Province (1832-1835), a correspondent member of the Imperator Russian Geographical Society. During this period he became friends with Wladyslaw Syrokomla.
Prince Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill / Constantine was the leader of a secret patriotic association operating in Lithuania, which led to his arrest. He made contact with the decembrists, and met in Vilnius in 1823 several times with Aleksander Bestuzew.

His son Maciej Jozef Radziwill (1842-1907) after returning from exile in Russia, married Jadwiga Krasinska in 1867 (1843-1913), heiress of the property Zegrze near Warsaw [see von Gersdorff / Gersdorf].

Jadwiga Krasinska (1842/1843-1913)
was the daughter of
Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1811,
the granddaughter of
Jozef Wawrzyniec Maciej Onufry Krasinski b. 1783 in ZEGRZE

[see above on MNISZECH - Jablonowski branch; note on Przasnysz, Krasne and Opiniogora !

In Krasne in 1754, Michal Hieronim Krasinski was the landowner;
KRASNE bef. 1831 belonged to AUGUST KRASINSKI, the aide to General SKRZYNECKI;
August's son was LUDWIK Krasinski b. 1833 in KRASNE;
August's wife - Ludwika nee Krasinski, the daughter of the Ciechanow official, and the granddaughter of Michal Hieronim Krasinski, the Bar Confederation of 1768 Commander !
Ludwik Krasinski bef. 1854 studied in PARIS.
Ludwik m. in 1860 widowed ELIZA BRANICKA, after death of ZYGMUNT Krasinski in 1859.
In 1863/1864 and after The January Uprising, Ludwik Krasinski of KRASNE,
co-operated with LEOPOLD KRONENBERG - the Terespol rail network.
Ludwik was the owner of:
Krasne - south-east to Przasnysz; Przystan - north-west to Ostroleka; Magnuszewo / Magnuszew since 1685 {Golymin, 19 km south-west to Krasne until 1685}; Krasnosielc - 22 km east to Przasnysz; and Zulin;
Ojcow and Pieskowa Skala;
Adamow and Gutow in the Siedlce prov.;
Ursynow close to Warsaw.
Rohatyn in GALICIA.
In the Minsk governorate the estates of his second wife - Magdalena Kiezgajlo - Zawisza. Ludwik Krasinski died in 1895 in Warsaw, but he was buried in KRASNE].

JOZEF WANDALIN MNISZECH had daughter Teresa Mniszech Lubomirska (1694 - 1746) m. 1st Jan Franciszek Stadnicki; 2nd to Jozef Lubomirski.
Above
Jozef Antoni Mniszech b. 1670;
the son of
Jerzy Jan MNISZECH / Jerzy Mniszech, b. ca 1645, d. 1693
and the grandson of
Franciszek Bernard Mniszech b. ca 1610, d. 1661 in Dukla. Franciszek was the brother of Marina Mniszech, the wife of Russian TSAR.

Maryna Mniszchowna, b. 1588 in Murovane, the Lvov prov., Polish-lithuanian Commonwealth. See on DUKLA and Illuminati / Freemasons.

Mentioned Jan Franciszek Stadnicki b. 1656, d. 1713 in Krasnystaw, in 1697 the Volhynia governor, the Chrzanow owner. The son of Wiktoryn Stadnicki, the Przemysl governor. JAN was the brother of Jozef Antoni Stadnicki, the Lubaczow governor.

Jan in 1678 m. Aleksandra Barbara Stadnicki, the daughter of Andrzej Samuel Stadnicki, the owner of Lesko.
Jan had a daughter Anna Stadnicka d. 1733, married to Piotr Konstanty Stadnicki; and Jan had 2 sons: Jozef Ignacy Stadnicki (1686-1715), and Kazimierz (1696-1718).

Mentioned Anna (d. 1733), m. Piotr Konstanty Stadnicki. He was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Kowieski.
PIOTR Konstanty Stadnicki had sibilings:
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, the Czernihow official,
Karol Stadnicki, the Braclaw and Cracow official.

Above Anna Stadnicka, the daughter of Jan Franciszek Stadnicki, was childless.
Named above Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki b. ca 1670 - d. 1737, the son of Jan Stadnicki. Wladyslaw with the 1st wife had a daughter married to the official of ROZAN in 1746, b. ca 1690.
Wladyslaw Stadnicki with the 2nd wife had:
1.
Jozef Stadnicki, the Cracow official, and of Wenden, also in Czernihow, 1710-1772 + Marcjanna Marianna Morska, 1710-1750 [the branch close to GRABIANKA].
With the son
Piotr Stadnicki 1740-1819; named PIOTR with Chronowska had children:
Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki 1765-1842;
Jozef Stadnicki born 1770;
Antonina Stadnicka.
2.
Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszów, the Czernihow official, and in Wyszogrod, 1710-1777 +
Teresa Potocka had a daughter:
Aniela Stadnicka b. 1740, married Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski.
Above Antoni Stadnicki married four times.

Mentioned
Count Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski, the owner of TRZEBNIOW [see BYSTRZANOWSKI] and LGOTA.
The son of Wojciech Mecinski, the official in Radom, 1691-1752 + Marianna Mecinska, b. 1700.

Wojciech Mecinski b. 1691, the owner of Wola Kszysztoporska.

And more about the MECINSKI family:

FRANCISZEK Walewski b. 1675/1690/ ca 1710 or before this year, died 1745 in RUSIEC, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszow, Dabrowka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa [see PRADZYNSKI - Kiedrzynski branch], Lesniaki, m. Cecylia Dambska, the daughter of Teresa nee Mecinska - DAMBSKA, 2nd to Frankenberg, 3rd to Teodora Ludwika Walewska, daughter of Zofia nee Radolinska;
with children:
Stefan Walewski 1744-1803, owner of Rusiec [compare Kiedrzynski];
Tomasz m. Konstancja JORDAN / Anna Jordan;
Franciszek Ksawery Walewski 1739 - 1796, owner of Wola Wiazowa;
Aleksander Walewski older, b. 1700/1710 or in January 1719, died 1751/1778/1779 + (ca 1746) Elzbieta Mecinska of JEDLNO, born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] the daughter of
Wojciech MECINSKI of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, who m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA.

Wojciech was the son of Michal MECINSKI / Michal Mikolaj Mecinski and Felicjana Rucka 1670 - 1714 or she died after this year
[Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children]!

Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska had son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (b. ca 1743 / 1747 - d. 1792) and they were owners of Jedlno.

Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Jozef Kalasanty Walewski.
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wielun or to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow near to Wielun and the named Wielun and Jedlno (see Izydor Kiedrzynski).

Aleksander Walewski
was the son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745,
the owner of Rusiec, Wieruszow [before him to the Mecinski family],
Dabrowka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki;
Franciszek was son of Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior)
who had first wife Anna Gostynska. Zygmunt Walewski married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Parnu in Estonia.

Elzbieta Mecinska-Walewska was sister of Myszkowska Anna nee Mecinska, d. after 1774, who married to Adam Myszkowski of WIELUN;
Anna Mecinska b. ca 1710 was great-granddaughter of Konstanty Tomicki and Agnieszka Myszkowska.

Above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski b. ca 1670 - died after 1739 [or Michal was the officer in Wielun, was living 1660-1725], clerk in Wielun, owner of Dzialoszyn, was the son of Stefan Mecinski 1640 - 1706, and Bronikowska;
and grandson of Jan Mecinski 1610 - 1664, who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel!

Elzbieta nee MECINSKA had children:
mentioned above Jozef Kalasanty WALEWSKI clerk in Sieradz, 1747-1792, m. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. ca 1750;
Michal WALEWSKI, junior, 1749-1799 m. Salomea Psarska b. 1761;
Salomea nee Walewska 1754-1814 m. Jozef Kielczewski.

Above named Michal Mecinski, senior + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children [see below !]:
Jan Mecinski;
Wojciech Mecinski 1698 - 1771 [Wojciech Mecinski was MP];
above Anna Mecinska;
Franciszek Mecinski;
Pelagia Mecinska;
Marianna Mecinska d. 1763.

Dzialoszyn
- completely destroyed during the Swedish War in 1655; during the partitions under Prussian rule; since 1809 in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw. Heirs of Dzialoszyn were the Mecinskis since the end of the seventeenth century, and in the second half of the 18th century the owner was Wojciech Mecinski, Castellan;
after him widowed wife Anna nee Glogowska, MECINSKA;
at the turn 18 and 19th cent. - Stanislaw Mecinski, with his wife Rozalia Kurdwanowska, he was the friend of King Stanislaw Leszczynski;
Stanislawa Mecinski rebuilt and decorated palace [see below]. After Mecinski family these land passed into the possession of Myszkowski.

The genealogical data to MECINSKI of Dzialoszyn and JEDLNO:

The branch come from Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel, with 3 sons:
Wojciech,
Pawel - Colonel,
Stefan who m. Bronikowska,
with son
Michal Mikolaj Mecinski / Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA / Rudzka [see below !].

STEFAN senior had 2 sons:
named Michal, and Stefan junior.

Michal MECINSKI
was the officer in Wielun, was living 1660-1725 [Michal was the son of Stefan Mecinski who m. Bronikowska].
Michal Mikolaj Mecinski, of Wschowa in 1715, Colonel, judge - 1724, a life companion of Friedrich August in 1706, that is of August II the Strong, August II der Starke b. 1670 in Dresden, Polish king 1697 - 1706 and 1709 - 1733, elector of Saxony 1694 to 1733 as Frederick Augustus I of Saxony / Friedrich August I;
Augustus II the Strong relinquished the crown to Stanislaw Leszczynski in September 1706.
In October 1706 army of Augustus II defeated the Swedes in the Battle of Kalisz. August II the Strong in 1709 returned to Poland.

Named above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski owner of Dzialoszyn, married Felicjanna Rudzka - daughter of Lukasz Rudzki, and Marianna Rzeczycka - with daughters:
Marianna and Anna.

Above
Marianna Mecinska b. ca 1700 ? / 1710 !, m. Wojciech Mecinski (b. 1691 - died in 1754 in Czestochowa) older, officer in Radom, MP in 1736, Wielun in 1712, Ostrzeszów in 1717,
owner of Choruny, Domanowice, Ryczow, Kielczowice, Karlin, Bogdanow, Krezna, Wulka, Bobolice, Zaleze, Niegowonice, Mzurow, Mstyczow, Rodakow, Nowa Wies, Zimnowoda, Ogrodzieniec,
Kleszczow, Wola Krzysztoporska;

WOJCIECH Mecinski older was the son of Kazimierz Jan Jozef Mecinski (1660 - 1703), of Radom, and Barbara Teofila Warszycka.

Michal Mecinski b. 1660, m. RUCKA / Rudzka also had 2 sons:

a. Jan MECINSKI of Wielun, General, friend of AUGUST III, the King of Poland;

b. second son was Wojciech Mecinski of Wielun and Radomsko [Wojciech Mecinski, 1698-1771], owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA [Anna Glogowska b. 1700]
with son Stanislaw

[Stanislaw Mecinski, 1732-1799 in Lublin, was landowner of Dzialoszyn, Ossym, Barwinek, Tylawa, officer in Wielun, MP 5 times, co-operated with August CZARTORYSKI, m. Rozalia Kurdwanowska of Baranow with 3 sons and daughters
{TEKLA m. Aleksander Giedrojc of Lithuania;
and Anna Mecinska, younger, b. 1775, daughter of Stanislaw b. 1732, owner of Dzialoszyn and Trebaczów, officer in Wielun 1759}:
Jozef,
Nepomucen,
Wincenty. Named above Jozef Mecinski, was lieutenant],

and with daughters [of mother ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA-MECINSKA]:

1. Anna MECINSKA + Adam Myszkowski of Wielun
[Anna was the 2nd wife of Adam Myszkowski b. 1705 - d. after 1778, MP in 1738, stayed in Kielczyglow;
Anna Mecinska b. ca 1710/1720 - died after 1774,
great-granddaughter of Konstanty Tomicki and Agnieszka Myszkowska];

2. ELZBIETA Mecinska, b. ca 1720, the lady-owner of Jedlno + Aleksander WALEWSKI [Aleksander Walewski older, b. 1700/1710 or in January 1719, died 1751/1778/1779].

Brief explanation to JEDLNO and IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI:

ELZBIETA Mecinska, b. ca 1720, owner of Jedlno + Aleksander WALEWSKI.
She was the daughter of
Wojciech Mecinski of Wielun and Radomsko [Wojciech Mecinski, 1698-1771], owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA [Anna Glogowska b. 1700];
and the granddaughter of
Michal Mecinski b. ca 1660, m. RUCKA / Rudzka.

Above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski / Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA / Rudzka was the son of
Stefan MECINSKI who m. Bronikowska.

Stefan was the son of
Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel, with 3 sons:
Wojciech,
Pawel - Colonel,
above Stefan who m. Bronikowska.

Above named Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children:
Jan Mecinski;
Wojciech Mecinski 1698 - 1771 [Wojciech Mecinski was MP] - see JEDLNO !;
above Anna Mecinska;
Franciszek Mecinski;
Pelagia Mecinska;
Marianna Mecinska d. 1763.

Elzbieta Mecinska of JEDLNO, born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] daughter of
Wojciech MECINSKI of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, who m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA.
Wojciech was the son of
Michal MECINSKI / Michala Mikolaj Mecinski and Felicjana Rucka 1670 - 1714 or she died after this year [Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children]!

Elzbieta's husband -
Aleksander Walewski older, born in January 1719 [Aleksander Walewski older, b. 1700/1710 or in January 1719, died 1751/1778/1779], died 1779 + (ca 1746) Elzbieta Mecinska born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] daughter of
Wojciech MECINSKI of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP.

Aleksander Walewski older, b. January 1719, died 1779, was the son of Franciszek Walewski b. 1675/1690.

Mentioned above
Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski 1740-1796 had a daughter
Anna Magdalena Teresa Mecinska 1764-1812 m. Antoni Tymoteusz Stadnicki, 1774-1820,
with son:
Count Seweryn Stadnicki died in 1862.

Named Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski 1740 - 1796,
had a second daughter
Css Franciszka Mecinska 1775-1835 married Franciszek Ksawery Bystrzonowski / Franciszek Bystrzanowski
[the net to General Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Thomas Jefferson and Br. Bystrzanowski with George Washington], b. 1767; 2nd to Joachim Bobrowski, 1790 - 1835.

And Adam Albert's next daughters:
1.
Magdalena Mecinska b. ca 1780 m. August Miaczynski the Krzepice official, 1754 - 1794;
2.
Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 m. Antoni Jozef Lanckoronski, born 1777.

Above ADAM ALBERT MECINSKI had the sons:
1.
Wojciech Mecinski, MP in 1830/1831, Colonel, 1780-1839 m. Helena Stadnicka, 1770-1841;
2.
Stanislaw Walenty Mecinski, 1781-1846 m. Teresa Szembek.

Above JOZEF ANTONI STADNICKI had children:
Jan Jozef Stadnicki;
Michal Jan Stadnicki;
Szymon Stadnicki.

Above Jan Jozef Stadnicki died in 1766, Doctor, MP, had a son Michal Jan Stadnicki b. 1732, d. 1789.


"... In 1798, following Napoleon's taking of Malta, the Order was dispersed, but with a large number of refugee Knights sheltering in St Petersburg, where they elected the Russian Emperor, Paul I as their Grand Master, replacing Ferdinand Hompesch then held in disgrace. Hompesch abdicated in 1799 ... Paul I was the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, and the ladership of the Roman Catholic order. ...

There is disagreement about what happened next. Following Imperial Decrees of Alexander I of Russia in 1810-1811, the properties of Russian Grand Priory of Russia was nationalized ...
Nevertheless, the Tsars have exceptionally authorised the eldest sons of the descendants of hereditary commanders to wear the decorations. ...
One can also find the name of Demidoff, in his quality as hereditary commander in the Almanach de Gotha ...
In the Division of Petitions of His Imperial Majesty's Chancery, for 1912, ... permission is given to Count Alexander Vladimirovitch Armfeldt to wear the insignia of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, with the transfer of that right, after his death, to his son. ...
Portraits of Russian nobility wearing insignias of the Order of St John can be found throughout the 19th Century ...

Count Vassiliev, a 19th-century Knight Commander, and Minister of Finance under Alexander I of Russia...".

Explanation to above VASSILIEV / VASILIEV:

The life of Josephine / Josephine Friedrichs, born Mercier was full of romance adventures for the first time when she was 14 years old!
She was born in 1778 or ca 1780 in Paris in the family of artisan Mercier.
Very young Josephine entered the service in the fashionable Parisian store of Madame Boudet de Terre / Mrs. Budde de Terre. "Juju", as everyone called her, at the age of 14 she gone to England. After spending four years in one of the London boarding houses, the next two years, Josephine lived with her patron, who then suddenly died without a will, and not marrying her.

Josephine, in 1798, met in London a German [married him ca 1803] who came from Russia, who was called Colonel Baron Alexander von Friedrichs, a wealthy landowner from the Baltic region;
in fact - Eustache Ivanovich Friederichs (about 1772 - after 1834), the son of Revel's bourgeois.

Her husband back to Russia, leaving his wife temporarily in London. Josephine decided to go to Russia in 1805 to St. Petersburg. Here she learned that Friedrichs was a simple courier who had recently traveled to England with the dispatches of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs!

She was welcomed by an old acquaintance, Mrs. Budde de Terre, who now lived in Petersburg and had a fashion store! She went to her shop in the manager's office. Soon Alexander Friedrichs returned from the Caucasus and persuaded Josephine to return to him. After living with him for two years in poverty [1806-1807], in a rented small apartment, she decided to divorce him. Josephine met Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich [1807].

Josephine found a lover, friend and patron: in 1807, she divorced her husband and settled in the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, and in 1808 she had a son named Pavel Konstantinovich Alexandrov.

Interesting details left in the memories of the famous Denis Davydov. Denis Vasilyevich Davydov (b. 1784, Moscow) is a Russian poet.

Konstantin Pavlovich missed them and in 1813 he wrote to Count Vasilyev. Count Vladimir Fedorovich Vasilyev (1782 - 1839, Moscow) - nephew of the Minister of Finance Alexei Ivanovich Vasiliev [the MALTA ORDER !], the son-in-law of Ivan Kutaisov, in 1820-23, the Tula governor.

Ulyana (Josephine) Mikhailovna Aleksandrova, nee Mercier, m. Friderichs, in the second - Weiss (1788 - 1824). According to the memoirs, Josephine was charming.

Note 1:

The first genealogy of Arseny:

Count Pavel Pavlovich Demidov / Demidoff, 2nd Prince San Donato, 1839-1885, owned approximately 100 factories in Russian and 1 million squares kilometers of land in Russia, France and in Italy. He move to Villa Pratolino, named as Villa Demidoff, and m. 2nd time to Helena or Elena Petrovna, Princess Troubetzekaya, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, b. St. Peterburg in 1853, d. Odessa in 1917;

Aurora Pavlovna Demidova, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, Princess of Serbia, and later Countess Noghera, born in San Donato in 1873 or 1874, d. Marseille, in 1943 (? - Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), eldest daughter of the second marriage of the above Prince Pavel Pavlovich Demidov;

Aurora m. first to Arsene Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1859-1938, son of Alexandar Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1806-1885 and Persida Nenadovic, 1813-1873.
General of the Russian army; Comander-General of the Yugoslavian army. He was brother of Peter I, King of Serbians, Croats and Slovens, later King of Yugoslavia, 1844-1921. Prince Arsene divorced in 1896. Paul Karadordevic, Prince of Yugoslavia, b. 1893, was educated at the University of Oxford.

The second genealogy of Arseny:

A wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:

Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev;

her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov;

her grandfather Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826,

her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804;

her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817;

her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812.

Above mentioned Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic / Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1806 - 1885), Prince of Serbia in 1842 - 1858. After his father's death in 1817, he was living in Russia and served to the Russian army to 1840. He left two sons: Peter I of Yugoslavia (1844-1921), 1903 the king of Serbia, 1918 the King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; and above named Arseny (1859 - 1938); his son, Prince Paul was a regent of Yugoslavia in 1934 - 1941.

Note 2:

Alexander Vladimirovitch Armfeldt

- he had the two sons - Kiril and Vladimir.

Alexander Vladimirovich Durasoff b. 1886, was the husband of Xenia Armfelt.

Above Xenia Armfelt b. 1889 was the daughter of Alexander Armfelt and Sofie von Morder.

Named Alexander Armfelt b. 1862 and died in 1941 in Menton, France - see KONSTANTYNOWICZ !

Son of Mauritz Wladimir Armfelt and Alexandrine BILDERLING. Mentioned Mauritz Wladimir Armfelt b. 1827 in Helsinki, Finland.
Son of Alexander Armfelt and Sigrid OXENSTIERNA.
Named above Alexander Armfelt b. 1794 in Riga, Latvia.
Son of Count Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt and Hedvig DE LA GARDIE.

Note 3:

Anna Charlotte Dorothea von Biron / Anna Charlotte Dorothea von Medem b. 1761 at Mezotne, now Latvia, d. 1821, became Duchess of Courland;
had daughters, Wilhelmine and Pauline.

In 1779, eighteen-year-old Dorothea became the third wife of the 55-year-old, childless Duke Peter von Biron, son of the famous Ernst Johann von Biron. The couple had six children;
Dorothea, was probably illegitimate, although recognized by the Duke.

Dorothea von Biron, Princess of Courland, Duchess of Dino, Talleyrand and Sagan / Dorothee de Courlande / Dorothe de Dino, b. 1793, d. 1862; lived into the highest social circles.

Anna Charlotte Dorothea von Medem b. 1761 at Mezotne, now Latvia, d. 1821,
"(by Wikipedia) because her husband was preoccupied with political difficulties at home involving his overlord the King of Poland and the Courland nobility, he frequently sent her on diplomatic missions to Warsaw, lasting months at a time, and to Berlin, Karlovy Vary, and Saint Petersburg for shorter periods. During these long absences Dorothea became alienated from her husband and had numerous love affairs with other men, including Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, Talleyrand, and the Polish nobleman Alexander Batowski, who fathered her fourth daughter, born in 1793..."
named Dorothea.

"...(by Wikipedia also) Upon her youngest daughter Dorothea's marriage to Talleyrand's nephew, Edmond de Talleyrand-Perigord, in 1809, the duchess moved to Paris, having an intense relationship with Talleyrand and influenced him to turn against Napoleon. In 1814 she traveled to the Congress of Vienna to confront him about his alleged love affair with her daughter Dorothea".


"The Swedenborg Rite or Rite of Swedenborg was an order modeled on Freemasonry and based upon the teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg. ... It was created in Avignon in 1773 by the Marquis de Thorn. It was initially a political organization ... Starting in the 1870s, the Rite was resurrected as an hermetic organization. This version faded out sometime around 1908 ...".

"... By the end of the Eighteenth Century numerous enthusiasts for Swedenborg's reported experiences, and for some of his ideas, were to be found in England and in continental Europe. ... e.g. Benedict Chastanier and Count Tadeusz Grabianka, fell into the New Church only to fall rapidly out of it, others, Jacob Duche and General Rainsford, for example, kept their distance while maintaining their enthusiasm. ... Richard Brothers, who had taken up Swedenborgian doctrines at Avignon with the Abbe Pernety, and Count Grabianka.
Both Brothers and Grabianka attended meetings in London at the home of the Revd. Jacob Duche
who, while studiously avoiding a commitment to the New Church, encouraged the study of both Swedenborg and Jacob Boehme, the German mystic ...
Pernety established his Hermetic Rite of Freemasonry at Avignon in 1766,
but it did not contain Swedenborgian elements until Pernety returned from Berlin in 1785 and transformed his Rite into the Illumines d'Avignon.
They were joined by Count Grabianka, a confirmed Swedenborgian, who attempted to bring Pernety's Rite to London. Here he might have expected support from a fellow mason and Swedenborgian, Benedict Chastanier
..." - above under copyright by Robert A. Gilbert published in Things Heard and Seen, the Newsletter of the Swedenborg Society, London, No. 15 (Autumn 2004) pp. 44-51.

The Reverend Jacob Duche (1737-1798) was a Rector of Christ Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and
the first chaplain to the Continental Congress.
Duche was born in Philadelphia in 1737, the son of Colonel Jacob Duche, Sr., later mayor of Philadelphia (1761-1762) and grandson of Anthony Duche, a French Huguenot. Duche first came to the attention of the First Continental Congress in September 1774, when he was summoned to Carpenters' Hall to lead the opening prayers.


The Tarnowski - Grabianka - Kalinowski branch [Illuminati - Tadeusz Grabianka - Kalinowski of Lgota Murowana - Bystrzanowski]:

Jan Amor Tarnowski 1735 - 1799, was the son of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski 1706-1748, and Anastazja Anna.
Husband of Tekla [Tekla Grabianka (1740-1805) married a poet and General major, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735 - 1799)].
Father of Marcin Tarnowski the famous conspirator.

The Kosciuszko Mound - Presidents of the Committee since 1820 in CRACOW - the TEMPLARS:

1820 - 1856 General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski
[name Ksawery was mistake ! - see Armand and Konstantynowicz in Moscow];

1856 - 1878 Piotr Moszynski [TEMPLARS in Volhynia - compare CONSPIRATOR, MARCIN TARNOWSKI];

1878 - 1883 Franciszek Wladyslaw Paszkowski;

1884 - 1917 Stanislaw Tarnowski / Stanislaw Kostka Tarnowski;
nickname - Edward Rembowski, Swiatowid;
the son of Jan Bogdan TARNOWSKI 1805-1850, and Gabriela Malachowski;
the grandson of Jan Feliks Tarnowski;
the great-grandson of Jan Jacek Tarnowski, who was the son of
Jozef Mateusz Amor Tarnowski 1705/1710-1744.

Named Jan Bogdan was also great-grandson of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski 1706-1748 [compare here about MARCIN TARNOWSKI, CONSPIRATOR - the SCYTHEMEN and the TEMPLARS].

Stanislaw Tarnowski was jailed 1863 as associate in CONSPIRACY with General Zygmunt Jordan b. 1824, the son of JORDAN, General, b. 1790.

1917 - 1926 Franciszek Paszkowski.

Note about Ludwik Kalinowski and Ignacy Kalinowski:
they were living in Lgota Murowana: 14 km north-east of Zawiercie, south-east of Czestochowa, and south of Lelow.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydlowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Anna Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son
Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680/1690 + Zofia Potocka b. ca [not ca 1670, KALINOWSKA - PUZYNA] 1700 + 2nd in 1723 to Elzbieta Poninska b. 1690/1700,
with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska b. ca 1720 [not ca 1700 - she was the daughter of named above ZOFIA POTOCKA Kalinowska] married GRABIANKA

[Jozef Kajetan Grabianka born ca 1710; the official in LATYCZOW in 1740-1744
{Jozef was the son of Bernard Grabianka and Helena Kaminski. Bernard was born in 1680}.
Marianna had a son Tadeusz Grabianka 1740-1807, the ILLUMINATI and the daughter Tekla Grabianka + Jan Amor Tarnowski, 1735-1799],

Tekla Kalinowska b. ca 1700/1720 married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789
(with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elzbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725/1727.

Tadeusz Grabianka
returned [1770 ?] to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after his father's death in 1759. He inherited a significant estate, which consisted of three noble residences (Ostapkowce, Rajkowce, Sutkowce), tenement houses in Lviv and Kamenec Podolsky and 14 villages. In 1771 he married Teresa Stadnicki.

His sister Tekla Grabianka (1740-1805) married a poet and General major, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735 - 1799).
The sister was an intermediary in the finalization of his marriage, in 1771, with a cousin Teresa Stadnicka (1749- 1826). The spouses were married in the village of Ostapkowce at Podolia. 1771 - 1772 they stopped in the papal Avignon, then the center of the Freemasonry esoterics. They returned to Podole after the clashes with the Bar confederates in 1772.
In 1778, in Warsaw, he met with stories about the Bavarian Order of the Illuminati. Tadeusz Grabianka in 1779, in Berlin, established contact with Antoni Jozef Perneta / Pernetty / Pernety.

Above
Kajetan Amor Tarnowski b. 1706 in Tarnow, d. 1748. Son of Aleksander Dominik Amor Tarnowski and Marianna.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydlowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son
Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680 + Zofia Potocka, Kalinowska, Puzyna + 2nd in 1723 to Elzbieta Poninska b. 1700, with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska;
Tekla Kalinowska married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789 (with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elzbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725
(Tomasz Ulinski 1620 - 1658, son of Jan Ulinski senior and Katarzyna; husband of Anna; father of Michal Ulinski; half brother of Jerzy Ulinski. Michal Ulinski b. 1650. Augustyn Ulinski b. 1720 / 1728, m. Barbara Kalinowska b. 1725 / 1730, he was son of Jan Ulinski, of Podolia; Count in Austria in 1779; Jan Ulinski b. ca 1690 and died in 1761, Colonel, Kamieniec Podolski 1714-1751, MP 1728, 1729 - 1732 and 1733, m. 2nd in 1720 with son Augustyn Ulinski).

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski / Count Marcin Amor Tarnowski, born in 1778 in Kozin.

Kozin / Kozyn, in the ROWNO county, close to Radziwillow. The estate belonged to Hojski / Gojski; Firlej; and to Tarnowski - that is Jan Amor Tarnowski met here, in the palace, King Stanislaw August, in 1787 on the way to Kaniow to the Empress Catherine II. And belonged to Kajetan Amor Tarnowski - inf. of 1738. After the partitions, the Kozin commune was in the Volhynia Province.

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, d. 1862; he served the 16th Cavalry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy, and the 3rd Horse Rifles of the Congress Kingdom - the Galician campaign when the Tarnowskis formed an regiment; the campaign of 1812 under General Latour-Maubourde [Rohaczow, Smolensk, Dubrowna, Mozajsk, Kaluga and Borysow], and the campaign in 1813.
Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society. The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.

Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator, the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794, son of mentioned Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianki from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.
He started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga. In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski; in Stryj and Sambor; Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamowka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Konigstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden. He was taken prisoner (November 8); the army of the Kingdom of Poland, on January 20, 1815, he commanded the 3rd Rifle Division of the Kingdom of Poland. However, he resigned on December 9, 1815. He settled in Wolyn, where he was active member of the Patriotic Society, 1821, as the head of the Volhynia province, as its president, he was also the vice-president of the central committee for the Kiev, Podolia and Wolyn provinces, whose formal president was KAROL PROZOR; Marcin Tarnowski knew about the contacts of the Society's emissaries with the Russian decembrists.

MARCIN TARNOWSKI was arrested in 1826; transfered several times to the prisons of Warsaw and St. Petersburg (here he sat in the Pietropavlovsk Fortress). He tried to suicide in prison (1827); his wife Zofia Tarnowska fell into oblivion.
Finally sentenced to a month of fortress and year of police supervision. In 1829 he returned to Wolyn; on the eve of the November Uprising in 1831, he was taken back to Russia, he was sent to Skier; released after a few years, he settled in his Podberezka palace in the village of Berezka near Krzemieniec in Ukraine; in 1854 he supported the plans of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. He became the marshal of the nobility in Krzemieniec.

Shortly before his death he came to Krakow [compare the TEMPLARS and General Franciszek Paszkowski !]. He died on November 20/21 or 22, 1862 in CRACOW.

The Scytheman's society = KOSYNIERZY, headed by Denerowski, with senior officers of the Polish army, such as Mielzynski and Uminski, Marcin Tarnowski from Wolyn, Lukasinski. Olizar in his Memoirs called the Patriotic Society - as the Society of Kosynierzy = SCYTHEMAN. The Russians suggested that the Poles join in a conspiracy against the imperial family; the Poles replied that they fought for the freedom of the country, but do not want to make secret conspiracies against the regime of the state in Russia.
The commanders in 1807 were recently Jacobins' conspirators in Galicia: Kazimierz Rozwadowski; Gabriel Rzyszczewski; Colonel Marcin Tarnowski.

Above named Jan Amor Tarnowski born in 1735 in Krasnobrod, died ca 1799, General major of the Crown troops, captain of the National Cavalry of 1775-1783, count, poet and philosopher, was

the father of mentioned above Marcin TARNOWSKI.

JAN Amor Tarnowski [+ Tekla Grabianka (1740-1805; see ILLUMINATI) married a poet and General major, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735 - ca 1799)]
was the son of KAJETAN AMOR TARNOWSKI b. ca 1700/1706, died in 1748 + Anastazja Anna Bogusz.

Jan Amor, Count Tarnowski, lived also in Markuszewa / Markuszow / Markuszew - a settlement in Poland, in the Pulawy district.

Kajetan Amor Tarnowski was the son of
Aleksander Dominik Tarnowski 1668-1707 + Marianna Dzieduszycka d. 1711;
the grandson of
Jan Stanislaw Amor Tarnowski 1642-1689 + Zofia Firlej;
the great-grandson of
Michal Stanislaw Tarnowski ca 1590-1654/1655 + Anna Czobor;
the great-great-grandson of
Stanislaw Tarnowski ca 1541-1618 + 1568 to Zofia Ocieska.

August 1821 in Berdyczow:
Colonel Marcin Tarnowski of the Union of Scythemen from the Posen province [see Mielzynski];
in Podolia acted Ludwik Sobanski,
in Kiev -
Antoni Czarkowski, Anzelm Iwaszkiewicz, Stanislaw Joteyko;
others in the Patriotic Society:
Mikolaj Worcell, Atanazy Grodecki, Aleksander PROZOR [see Malkiewicz] and KAROL PROZOR.

We can look now at the Tarnowski - Martynov line:

Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; his wife was Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska, d. 1851; the daughter of Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski; her children:
Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish); Michael Solomonovich 1814-60; Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna married Rzewska (Polish) / Rzhevskij Michal; Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich b. 1824 and died 1909; Elizabeth; Natalia b. 1819; Julia married Gagarin, b. 1821; also Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki [see below], Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.

Sofia Katenin d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816 and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760, Captain (or Major?) had the brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich: Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska, b. 1783, d. 1851.
Mentioned Elzbieta Tarnowska was the daughter of Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski; a wife of Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich; Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska b. 1783, d. 1851; according to Russian sources in 2015, Maria Tarnowska came from the Ukrainian Cossacks:

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin or Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, married to Countess Nadejda Vasilievna, the second daughter of General Count Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.
They had daughters:
1. Mary or Maria / Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin married in 1868 to Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899; he d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters.
2. Sofia KATENIN d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816, and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov / Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760, had brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840;
a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich was above named Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish (1783 - 1851),
the daughter of Major and State Councilor Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski (1759 - ?).

Above Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski born 1759, was the son of Wasyl Tarnowski / Vasily Tarnowski.

Vasily Tarnowski (? b. ca 1720) was son of Jan Tarnowski / Ivan Grigorevich Tarnavskiy died 1761 (? Jan Tarnowski was born ca 1680/1690/1700); Vasily was Cossak, captain of Poltava regiment.
Jerzy Tarnowski / Grigorij TARNOWSKI (? born ca 1650/1660) was son of Jan Tarnowski b. ca 1610/1630, and grandson of Jozef Tarnowski b. ca 1580/1590.

Note on Madalinski - Grabianka branch:

Madalinski Aleksander owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska; Aleksander Madalinski [born ca 1690 - died before 1773] owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, was from BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; he married in 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - 1721.
They had one son Aleksander Madalinski b. ca 1690.

Andrzej MADALINSKI of BOBROWNIKI, m. Marianna Grabianka, and he taken from Marcin Borzyslawski and Stanislaw Borzyslawski, in 1685, village Zarzecze and Debicza in the Ostrzeszow county. His successors were the sons:
Andrzej and Franciszek [Bobrowniki, Hanobry, Kolebki]; Franciszek married twice: Petronela Doruchowska, then in 1728 to Julianna Zajdlicz. He died in 1738; his son Ignacy (1707 - 1777), died in Bobrowniki; in 1777 his brother JAN MADALINSKI inherited Bobrowniki, and he was also the guardian of the children of his cousin Kajetan MADALINSKI.


The Kiedrzynski - GRABIANKA - Madalinski + Walknowski Walichnowski + Jadwiga TARNOWSKA branch and
the line: Kalinowski - Grabianka - Stadnicki - Tarnowski [Illuminati and the TEMPLARS]:

Andrzej MADALINSKI was the son of Aleksander Madalinski and Tarnowska;
Andrzej Madalinski was the husband of Marianna Grabianka / Grabionka / Grabiowie;
Andrzej took land from hands of priest Jan Stanislaw Borzyslawski of Wloclawek, and from Marcin Borzyslawski - the relative of above priest and the son of a sister of named Andrzej Madalinski - in 1685, that is Zarzecze in the OSTRZESZOW county.

Marianna, was widowed bef. 1704, and in named Ostrzeszow, she had case with Wawrzyniec Godurowski. Mariannna died bef. 1720 or in 1720, not in 1721 - inf. Kalisz. Boniecki inf. about 7 sons of above named Marianna Madalinska Grabianka. Among others her sons: Aleksander Madalinski and Franciszek Madalinski.
a.
Aleksander Madalinski,
the son of Andrzej and Grabianka, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow; in 1725 he married Barbara Walknowski - Walichnowski = Franciszka, the daughter of Andrzej WALKNOWSKI. Barbara Madalinska in 1755 in Biezdrowo was a godmother. Aleksander and Barbara died bef. 1772.
they had a son Kajetan Madalinski.

Kajetan Madalinski, the son of Aleksander MADALINSKI and Walknowska, in 1772 he wrote his annuity with for his wife
Dorota Kiedrzynska Madalinska, the daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI and Franciszka Jackowska. Dorota Madalinska was widowed after a death of her two husbands - Bartlomiej Grabienski and Tomasz Psarski.
Next annuity in 1773. Kajetan Madalinski was the owner of named Raczkow and Upuszczow. They together were the owners of Strzegowa - 18 km south-east to Lgota Murowana [see KALINOWSKI] - hereditary village of Grabienski; also they took Zielecin - her land, and next this estate belonged to Melchior Koszutski. Kajetan died 1781/1784.
Dorota Kiedrzynska Madalinska, the daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI and Franciszka Jackowska, died 1777/1784 - Gostyczyna. Dorota had children born in Strzegowa.
The sons:
Wawrzyniec Jozef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, in 1774;
Hiacynt Jakub Madalinski, in 1775;
Michal Stanislaw Kostka Madalinski in 1776.
And daughters:
Anna, b. ca 1768, died in 1772;
Julianna, b. 1775;
Waleria Jozefa, bpt. 1778 in Gostyczyna, 10 km south to KALISZ.
In 1784 lived only Jozef; Jakub; and Julianna,
under care of Jakub Kiedrzynski, the official in KALISZ, and Pawel Wargawski. Jozef, Jakub and Julianna Madalinski were the owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow - but Jakub Kiedrzynski - guardian - in 1786 leased the estates to Sebastian Zablocki. In 1787 above three children took 7.500 'zloty' from a guardian Jan Madalinski, the owner of Bobrowniki.

Jakub Kiedrzynski, now was a judge in KALISZ, and Antoni Psarski on behalf of these teenagers, i.e. the half-siblings of Psarski, inherited the estate in 1792: Strzegowa of Andrzej Grabienski.

Above Jozef Madalinski in 1809, as Captain, a husband of Julianna Bogdanski, 1 voto Kiedrzynska; she died in Orpiszewek in 1809 - the Lutynia parish [Orpiszewek - not Orpiszew - 3 km north-east to Lutynia; Lutynia - 5 km north-east ot DOBRZYCA, 6 km south to Kotlin];
Jakub Madalinski married Honorata Psarska.
b.
Franciszek Madalinski, the son of mentioned Andrzej Madalinski and Grabianka;
Franciszek 1st married Petronella Doruchowski, 2nd time married Julianna Zajdlic, the daughter of Florian ZAJDLIC and Barbara Eleonora Herman. Julianna in 1727, took from her mother a legacy and Julianna died as widow, in 1737.
Petronella Doruchowski Madalinski had a son Ignacy Madalinski and daughters: Teresa and Ludwika.
Julianna Zajdlic Madalinska had sons:
Jan Madalinski and Ludwik Madalinski - died after 1781. Teresa d. 1787 in Kolebki, the part of the estate Bobrowniki - see the Doruchow parish. Ludwika in 1735 was the wife of Jozef Stanislawski.

Mentioned Madalinski Aleksander, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. 1725 to Barbara Walknowska - Walichnowska,
with children:
A. Kontancja m. in 1757 to Dominik Zelislawski, 2nd time married to Maksymilian Pradzynski son of Michal Pradzynski and Teresa Malachowska;

B. Kajetan Madalinski
d. ca 1784, owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska, the daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI, and Franciszka Jackowska; Dorota Madalinska was the owner of Wola Dzierlinska; children of Kajetan Madalinski:
1. Michal Stanislaw Kostka b. 1776,
2. Anna;
3. Julianna b. 1775,
4. Waleria Jozefa b. 1778;

5. Jozef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki, m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski;
with children:
a) Kunegunda b. ca 1809 in Orpiszewek (of the Kiedrzynskis), m. 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Jozef CHRZANOWSKI;
b) Sebastian Fabian Madalinski;

6. Jakub Hiacynt Madalinski b. 1775, m. Honorata Psarska daughter of Jan Kanty Psarski;
with children:
a) Anna Madalinska, b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Jozef Julian Walewski son of Andrzej WALEWSKI and Antonina Czartkowska, owner of Wola Balucka; she m. 2nd to (??) Jan Kanty Psarski, owner of Wielgie,
b) Eliza 1800-29, m. Grzegorz Chrzanowski,
c) Pulcheria Anna Magdalena b. 1795 in Parcice,
d) Ludwik Jozef Augustyn Madalinski b. ca 1803, d. 1854, landowner of Koscielec and Madalinow, m. in 1829 in Restarzew, to Pelagia Krystyna Jozefa Wegierska b. ca 1810, daughter of Petronela nee Psarska, Wegierska;
with son
Stanislaw Madalinski, b. ca 1835, lived Iwanowice, m. in 1857 in Biala, to Felicja Malgorzata Sylwestra Szeliga Potocka, b. ca 1838 in Stypuly.

DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750, died in 1784.

Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769
[his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763; his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787; his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744];
Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1750, died ca 1807; Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Jozef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Wilkowo Polskie of Zamoyska-Kiedrzynska, 28 km north to Jezierzyce KOSCIELNE of BILEWICZ.

Mentioned above
Kiedrzynski, Jakub, died on 4 February 1798. His wife Brygida Bardzka - marriage in 1767, died in 1786

[BRYGIDA's 1st husband Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski,
with children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski junior, b. 1766 [not in 1769]; and
Teresa Wierusz Walknowska.

OWIDIUSZ'S brother -
Franciszek Wierusz-Walknowski, senior, b. ca 1710, official in Kalisz, died in 1778 or in 1783
{Franciszek's sons:
1.
Antoni Wierusz-Walknowski m. Urszula Mielzynska;
2. Jozef Wierusz-Walknowski b. 1754}.

Inf. about named Franciszek WALKNOWSKI:
in 1769, Jozef Wierusz Walknowski, son of Franciszek WALKNOWSKI, the official in Kalisz, a court case about Bieczyny - close to Koscian and 7 km north to Czempin. BIECZYNY - with Srocko Wielkie, belonged to Kwilecki in 1846].

Kiedrzynski, Jakub, died on 4 February 1798 and his wife Brygida Bardzka had 3 daughters:

Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. in 1770

[Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770
{in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ}];

Franciszka BAJKOWSKA b. ca 1768; and

Petronela Kiedrzynska

[Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.

Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain]. PETRONELA Kiedrzynska m. in 1791 to MELCHIOR Pradzynski who was born in Mrowino, the Greater Poland Province in 1753 and died in 1797.

Melchior Pradzynski was the son of Antoni Pradzynski b. 1710, and Marianna Czaplicka.

Melchior's brother was named Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army.

Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.

Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Jozef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847

[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{Urszula Wierusz-Walknowska MIELZYNSKA, died in 1743; URSZULA Walknowska Mielzynska was the half-sister of ANNA GORZYCKA.

Urszula was the mother of Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski - the husband of BRYGIDA BARDZKA

[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770]

- see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].

Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family].

And JAKUB Kiedrzynski died on 4 February 1798, with his wife Brygida Bardzka had the son
Franciszek Kiedrzynski b. ca 1770, married to Css Kreska of the Baranow parish.
Franciszek Kiedrzynski was the brother of Franciszka Kiedrzynska - a daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski, junior; she m. in 1785 / 1791 to Michal Bajkowski.

Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob, born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798, had son Jozef Kiedrzynski - inf. in the Kingdom of Poland in 1837.

JAKUB's brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski !

The Pradzynski family and Wola Wiazowa - Wilkowo Polskie:

Aleksander Madalinski owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, married in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska born ca 1695, the daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowski, Walknowska, b. ca 1670 ? [2nd wife ?] + ANDRZEJ WALKNOWSKI 1645-1708,
with:
A.
Kontancja Madalinska m. in 1757 to Dominik Zelislawski d. 1772, 2 voto Maksymilian Pradzynski, the son of Teresa nee Malachowski- Pradzynska;
B.
Mentioned Kajetan MADALINSKI d. 1784, owner of Raczkow, Upuszczow, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska, the daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska. Dorota was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski, the son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski, died 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska.

The Kozuchowski family come from Karsy.

Note to KARSY [in 2018]:
we have two villages KARSY, but inf. on Kiedrzynski applies to
the village 3 km east to Zychlin, 13 km north-east to BIEGANIN, 17 km north-west to KALISZ!
Not [my mistake in 2013] a village Karsy - 10 km south-east of DMENIN and 11 km west of Wielgomlyny.

Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730- 1786.
His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760.

His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was
Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska;

brothers of FLORIAN:
Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?;
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski ? - 1774;
Pawel Kiedrzynski;
Jozef Kiedrzynski;
and sister Bona Kiedrzynska from KARSY, married Kiedrzynska.

We back to Aleksander Madalinski,
the son of Andrzej and Grabianka, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow; in 1725 he married Barbara Walknowski - Walichnowski = Franciszka, the daughter of Andrzej WALKNOWSKI [b. ca 1660, see below !]. Barbara Madalinska in 1755 in Biezdrowo was a godmother. Aleksander and Barbara died bef. 1772. they had a son Kajetan Madalinski.

Stanislaw Andrzej Wierusz Walknowski, b. ca 1645 / 1650, died in 1708, had a brothers:
Stefan Wierusz Walknowski and
ANDRZEJ WALKNOWSKI b. ca 1660.

The 1st wife of Stanislaw Andrzej Walknowski, in 1673, was Dorota Zawadzka, from Cielcze. They had a son Antoni Wierusz Walknowski.

The Walknowskis were the owners of Kuklinow / Kuklinowo - 12 km north-west to KROTOSZYN [see Mielzynski]. The first was Mikolaj Walknowski, the judge in OSTRZESZOW. Mikolaj bought Kuklinow ca 1660; in 1662 here was married Ms Helena Szetlewska, to Jan from Krotoszyn. Franciszek Mielzynski, priest from Poznan, gave them a wedding at the church.
Mikolaj Walknowski had a son Stanislaw Andrzej Walknowski, the owner of KUKLINOW, m. in 1673 to Dorota Zawadzka.
Stanislaw Andrzej Walknowski in 1686 was a godfather to a son of Jakob Wilkotarski, the official in Kalisz, and Anna Naramowska of Konarzew / Konarzewo.

ANDRZEJ Stanislaw Walknowski, was the governor of Wielun. He had 5 sons: Rafal Walknowski took Kuklinow, d. 1711.
His brother Jan.
In 1758 Kuklinow owned Jozef Walknowski.
In 1789, or before, Kuklinow belonged to Celestyn Sokolnicki, MP, the Poznan official [Celestyn Wojciech Sokolnicki b. 1752, the son of Kazimierz Sokolnicki and Katarzyna Walknowska. The owner of Jarogniewice and Borowo in the KOSCIAN county. Count in 1817], m. to Golinska.

1711, Rafal Wierusz Walknowski died. His family come from Kobylin.
In 1743, in Kuklinow, Urszula Walknowska died and she was buried in Kobylin.

1701, Stanislaw Wierusz Walknowski, the official of Ostrzeszow and in Wielun, with the witness Andrzej Wierusz Walknowski, in Ostrzeszow offered sum of money, 3000 'florens' to a church in Wieruszow, from the estate in Laszczyn, in the Poznan province.

Mentioned Andrzej Wierusz Walknowski, was a treasurer in Wielun, August 1698, until April 1718.

Above Antoni Wierusz-Walknowski died ca 1732. Son of Stanislaw Walknowski and Dorota. Husband of Urszula. Father of Franciszka Bogucka and
Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski.
Brother of Petronela Borucka and Marianna Zakrzewska.

Now on TARNOWSKI - Grabianka line:

Marcin Tarnowski, 1778-1862, the Conspirator, had a parents:
Jan Amor Tarnowski, 1735-1799 + Tekla Grabianka, 1740-1805;
grandparents:
Kajetan Amor Tarnowski, 1706-1748;
Anastazja Anna Bogusz, 1710-1796;
JOZEF GRABIANKA, the Wenden official, b. ca 1710.

Mentioned Jozef GRABIANKA, married Marianna Kalinowska, the daughter of Ludwik KALINOWSKI, the Winnica official; she was the granddaughter of the Kamieniec official [see Bystrzanowski] (1712-1738).
Jozef's son - Tadeusz Grabianka was living in the Latyczow county, in Rajkowce and Sutkowce.

LUDWIK Kalinowski married twice:
1st to unknown Potocka;
2nd to Elzbieta Poninska, with children of the 1st marriage:
2 daughters - that is Marianna Kalinowska + Jozef GRABIANKA.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydlowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Anna Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son
Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680 + Zofia Potocka b. ca 1670 or ca 1700 [Kalinowska, Puzyna] + 2nd in 1723 to Elzbieta Poninska b. 1690,
with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska b. ca 1700/1710, married GRABIANKA,
Tekla Kalinowska b. ca 1700/1715, married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789
(with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elzbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725.

Marcin Tarnowski, 1778-1862, had great-grandparents:
Stanislaw Bogusz;
Bernard Grabianka of Halicz, b. 1680;
Aleksandra Odrzechowska;
Helena Kaminska;
Zofia Potocka, died 1729.

Named above Bernard Grabianka of Halicz, married Helena Kaminska.

Compare:
Madalinski Aleksander, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; Andrzej married in 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, b. 1660 - died bef. 1720 not in 1721.
Note:
Bernard Grabianka was the official in Halicz, and in Trembowla;
had a father
Wojciech Leszczyc Grabianka / Wojciech Grabionka / Wojciech Grabianka, born ca 1650, + Barbara Biejkowska.

Wojciech Grabianka = Franciszek Wojciech Grabianka, b. ca 1650, had daughter
Zofia Grabianka; and the son
Bernard Grabianka

[remember -

Andrzej Madalinski senior, born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; he married in 1684/1685 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - bef. 1720 not in 1721.
Andrzej died bef. 1704 - the landlord in the OSTRZESZOW county, married Marjanna Grabianka widowed bef. 1704.
Ca 1705, Marianna Grabianka Madalinska, 2nd married Samuel Rudzinski of CZERSK.

Marianna had children:
1.
Aleksander, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow + WALKNOWSKA; and Aleksander Madalinski had the son
Kajetan Madalinski, inf. in 1772 on his wife Dorota Kiedrzynska.
2.
Stanislaw Madalinski, of Leczyca;
Kazimierz; Wladyslaw; Jan;
Andrzej Madalinski junior.
3.
Franciszek Madalinski + Petronella Doruchowski, 2nd married Julianna Zajdlic.

Andrzej Madalinski, senior, had a brother Jan Madalinski + Konstancja SIEMIENSKA; with son Aleksander Madalinski; and 2 daughters.

Andrzej was the son of Aleksander Madalinski, senior, of Wielun, + JADWIGA TARNOWSKA !

{we know on Maryanna Grabianka, b. ca 1660, married [ca 1705] Samuel Rudzinski, governor of CZERSK;
Maryanna Grabianka was the sister of Wojciech Grabionka b. ca 1650 + Barbara Biejkowska,
the daughter of Abraham Biejkowski.

Wojciech GRABIANKA, b. ca 1650, had 2 daughters:
Helena + Antoni Karczewski; and
Zofia b. ca 1670 + Wojciech Lopacki;
Zofia had 4 brothers:
1. Jozef who had daughter Katarzyna + Franciszek Polanowski;
2. Antoni, official in Czersk + Teresa Biekierska with 5 sons;
3. BERNARD Grabianka, b. ca 1680, official in HALICZ, and in Trembowla + Helena KAMINSKA,
with 1 son,
JOZEF KAJETAN GRABIANKA;
4. Kazimierz Grabianka married KOMOROWSKA}].

Wojciech Grabianka was the son of Bartlomiej Grabianka junior, b. ca 1600; inf. 1631; the owner of KOLBIEL, the official in CZERSK; m. Anna Gliniecka, with Maryanna RUDZINSKA, and Zofia RADZICKA, and Jan; Stanislaw; Wojciech Grabianka + Barbara Biejkowska.

Bartlomiej Grabianka junior, b. ca 1600, was the son of Bartlomiej Grabianka senior [+ Zofia Brzeska with Maryanna b. ca 1600, m. Piotr Zabicki; Elzbieta Turowska; Jan; Marcyan + Zofia Stamirowska; Bartlomiej junior] b. ca 1570;

the grandson of Jedrzej / Andrzej Grabionka / Grabianka, born ca 1550.

Above
JOZEF KAJETAN GRABIANKA had the son
Grabianka Tadeusz Laurenty, 1740 - 1807, the Templar in Warsaw in 1778, and the chief of the Illuminati in Berlin in 1779, Avignon and in London. The precursor of Polish messianism, as Comte Ostap, Sutkowski, Comte Polonais.

Grabianka Tadeusz Laurenty mystic and alchemist;
his mother, Marianna Kalinowska, brought a large dowry to the Grabianki house (including valuables estimated at 250.000 'zlotys'). In addition the castle houses in Rajkowce and Sutkowce, and Felsztyn and 15 villages in the area of ​​Uszyca.

FELSZTYN:

In the 18th century, when Felsztyn belonged to the Grabianka family, Marianna Kalinowska Grabianka, started to build it. She was an extraordinary woman, founded the church, together with the school and hospital, managed the castle in neighboring Rajkowce.
Marianna's husband, Jozef Kajetan Grabianka, had a son Tadeusz Grabianka, the future LIW governor, and a well-known mystic on a European scale. Thanks to his mother, he spent his childhood and youth in France, and returned home only after his father's death in 1759. In 1781, Tadeusz Grabianka gave half of Felsztyn and Rajkowce to the governor of Kamieniec Podolski, Onufry MORSKI, and after three years he divorced his wife Teresa Stadnicki. Later, he left Poland and settled in French Avignon, where he set up his own "New Israel" Order.

In 1782, Tadeusz Grabianka in LIW built a baroque mansion that was burnt down in the middle of the 19th century, as the headquarters of his office and court.

The popularity of the Avignon Illuminati was so great that it allowed to avoid the persecution of the Inquisition and, even, the Jacobins. Tadeusz Grabianka to leave France in 1799, stayed in Galicia for some time, then he moved to St. Petersburg.

The Illuminati ideas revived in the 70s of the 19th century, and at the beginning of the 20th century, with the person of Theodor Reuss.
Albert Karl Theodor Reuss b. 1855, was an Anglo-German freemason, the police agent, and the head of Ordo Templi Orientis. Theodor Reuss was the son of an innkeeper Franz Xavier Reuss and his wife Eva Barbara Margaret Wagner at Augsburg. He was a professional singer of Ludwig II of Bavaria, in 1873.

Above Onufry Morski b. 1752, died in 1789, the chamberlain of Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1774; served the 1st National Cavalry Brigade in 1789. Onufry Morski was the son of Antoni Morski and Anna Siemińska.
Onufry's daughter:
Jozefa Zofia Karolina Ostrowska b. 1789, was the wife of Antoni Jan Ostrowski - the son of Tomasz Ostrowski, who died 1817.
Mother of Krystyn Piotr Celestyn Jozef Ostrowski.

Above Krystyn Piotr Celestyn Jozef Ostrowski - insurgent in 1831, poet.

Above Antoni Jan Ostrowski b. 1782, d. 1845 in Les Maderes in France; Count in 1798/1820, General.

Young Tadeusz Grabianka was educated at the Polish school in Luneville, ca 1750, under the care of the king Stanisław Leszczynski (1677-1766).
In 1756 he came back to his family home, and he returned to Lorraine. In the country he reappeared at his father's funeral in October 1759.

1760, the spring, he went to France, where he lived mainly in Paris, he stayed here until 1769. Probably thanks to the support of Jeanne A. Poisson, the marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), he came into the court of Louis XV (1710-1774 ) and probably already
became an active freemason; he obtained a high degree of initiation - the Knight of Rose Croix.

Rose-Croix, is the Scottish Rite, one of several Rites of Freemasonry. "Within the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite concordant body of Freemasonry, the Eighteenth Degree is specifically concerned with the rose cross and confers the title of "Knight Rose Croix". Of one version of the degree, Albert Pike wrote in 1871."

Compare:

Franciszek Majewski, 1781 - after 1837; Captain and the Freemason in 1809 in France, founder of the Society of Templars [in Poland: in 1819 in Warsaw]. He was the son of Stanisław MAJEWSKI and Barbara Żabiński;
born in Kaski in the Minsk goverment
- here, I have to explain my mistake [June 2018]; applies to KASKI; Majewski was not born west of Warsaw, near the Oginski estate, like Guzow. The Templar Majewski was born in the Minsk province of Belarus.
He joined the Polish army in 1806. 1811 - POW Camp in Somerset in England. Here, Majewski Franciszek was affiliated with the Lodge of masonic prisoners of war - the French. After transferring him to Scotland (Bigar), he joined the Scottish Rite lodge and received the Rosicrucian (Rose Croix) degree and the right to give lower Masonic degrees. Through the same lodge he received from the Edynburg Chapter, the right to give higher degrees and to set up new lodges.

Tadeusz Grabianka returned to Poland in 1770, after the death of his mother and the marriage of Tekla - sister (1740-1805), to the poet and philosopher, General Major of the Crown Army, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735-1799).

Tadeusz in 1771, married to a cousin Teresa Stadnicki (1749-1826).
They went on a romantic journey to France. Up to 1772, they stopped in the papal Avignon, then the center of the Freemasonry esoterics. They returned to Podole after the clashes with the Bar confederates in 1772.

The decisive significance for his further fate was a trip to Berlin in the winter of 1779. He met there with a benedictine from the congregation of St. Maur and the librarian of King Frederick II (1712-1786), Antoine Josep Pernety, known as Perneta's House (1716-1796) - erudite, researcher of ancient mythology, as well as alchemist and esoteric, who are under the influence of the Swedish mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772 );
and he met Louis C. de Saint-Martin (1743-1803).

Around Pernety was New Jerusalem - a religious group.

After the initiation, Grabianka received the title of the King of the New Israel. He financed the alchemical experiments of the sect, which Brumore (Louis-Joseph-Philibert de Morveau [1738-1786] really did) and his friend Miss Bruchie (or Bruchier) carried out.

In May 1779 he returned to Podole with the mission of converting his family and friends.

Andrzej Grabianka came from a noble family of his grandfather, Tadeusz Grabianka (1740-1807).
Tadeusz's children and grandchildren were far less prominent figures. About
Andrzej's father, Antoni Grabianka (died 1830), we know little, belonged to him, the estate Gielotynce (Geletynce, Heletine) in the Ploskirow county.

Andrzej Fakund Grabianka was born on November 27, 1823 (baptism in Grodek in Podolia). In 1843 he graduated from the Kiev University.
Grabianka married Stefania Proskura.
Stefania m. 2nd to a brother of Andrzej - Stanislaw Grabianka, participant of the plot of Szymon Konarski in 1838, initially sentenced to death in 1839, eventually converted to the exile.

Andrzej Grabianka died in 1883 in Kamieniec Podolski.

Mentioned Tadeusz Grabianka, a Polish count, established in 1786 at Avignon a freemasons' lodge.

Brief explanation:

Aleksander MADALINSKI, owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska, daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowska Walknowska.

Barbara Walknowska / Walichnowski, daughter of Andrzej Walknowski - Barbara was known as Franciszka. Barbara was the godmother in 1755 in Biezdrowo. They died before 1772, left son Kajetan Madalinski.

Kajetan MADALINSKI 1740 - d. ca 1784, landlord of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. before 1773 to Dorota Kiedrzynska (1740-1784), daughter of Andrzej and Franciszka nee Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski (b. ca 1730) son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski, (1740-1770 ?) (b. 1807 ??), owner of Wola Dzierlinska;
with children:
1.
Jakub Madalinski 1775 - 1833 m. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831
with daughter

Pulcheria Anna Magdalena Madalinska m. to Jozef Julian Kazimierz Walewski b. 1787;

2.
Jozef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn, and Chodaki m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski, d. 1809,
with a daughter Kunegunda Madalinska, b. before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to
Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki.

RESTARZEW - at way from Widawa to Szczercow.

Acc. to Dworzaczek:

Aleksander MADALINSKI, son of Andrzej Madalinski and Grabianka, was the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow; in 1725 m. to Barbara Walknowska / Walichnowski. Left son Kajetan Madalinski. Kajetan MADALINSKI, in 1772 signed a document with wife Dorota Kiedrzynska, daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska;
Dorota and Kajetan Madalinski were both owners of Strzegow, the village of Grabienski [Strzegowa in the Gostyn parish; see Kunowo and Koszkowo - the Kiedrzynski estates];
they were landowners of Zielecin [north-west to KOSCIAN or Zielecin 10 km north-west to Sulmierzyce, close to RZASNIA !], which village they leased Melchior Koszutski.

Kajetan Madalinski died in 1781 / 1784;
Dorota Kiedrzynska-Madalinska died in 1777 / 1784 - in
Gostyczyna
[close to Zydow and Chotow; 10/13 km south to KALISZ.
In the 17th cent. owned by Domiechowski and in the first half of the 17th century belonged to SZOLDRSKI -
Jan Szoldrski bought Gostyczyna in 1594 - until 1715 or after 1715;
1651 to Roscieski; in 1793-1806 and in 1815 to Prussia].

Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska married 1st Bonawentura Wierusz-Walknowski.
Mentioned
Bonawentura Wierusz-Walknowski b. 1720, was the son of
Antoni WALKNOWSKI and Urszula Mielzynska !

Kalisz in 1776:
Jozef Wierusz Walknowski, b. ca 1720/1730, the son of Franciszek Walknowski, judge in KALISZ, and Marianna Bilinski, 1 voto;
named Jozef Walknowski was a nephew to above Antoni Walknowski b. ca 1680/1690.

Named Jozef Walknowski signed to Ms Katarzyna Sulerzyski, b. ca 1750/1755, in future she was wife of named Jozef Walknowski; she was the daughter of
Antoni SULERZYSKI and Aleksandra Przybyslawski [1st].
Katarzyna was nephew - next of kin to Jan Sulerzyski and Golinska.

Konin - 1792:
Katarzyna Sulerzycka, the daughter of Antoni Sulerzyski, and Aleksandra Przybyslawski, the wife of Jozef Walknowski, the official in Kalisz; the court case with witnesses: Kasper Slawinski the son of Jan and Apolonia Przybyslawski;
Jozef was the son of Franciszek Walknowski, the judge in Kalisz;
his wife:
Marjanna Bielinski 1voto.

Antoni Walknowski married Urszula Mielzynski [2nd ?].
Inf. in 1777: mentioned above JOZEF Walknowski, was the owner of Slesin and Piotrkowice.
Slesin - 20 km north to KONIN;
Piotrkowice - 5 km south-east to SLESIN.

1792 - Elzbieta Grodzicka with a children, after a death of her husband Michal Chrzanowski, returned money to Jozef Wierusz Walknowski, official in Kalisz.

In KALISZ in 1750:
Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski, the son of named Antoni Walknowski, official in Wielun + Urszula Mielzynski; married Ewa Rokossowska, the daughter of Karol Rokossowski and Marianna Grodzicki.

In Kobierno, 7 km north-east to KROTOSZYN the city - see Mielzynski ! - in 1709: Rozalja Klara, was born - the daughter of Stefan Kobierzycki + Anna; godparents: Antoni Wiktor Walknowski official in Wielun; and Anna Uminska.

Marianna Madalinska (born Grabianka) was born in 1660. Marianna married Andrzej Madalinski in 1690. Andrzej was born in 1650, in Bobrowniki. They had the son, Aleksander Madalinski.

Marianna Grabianka (born Kalinowska) was born to Ludwik Kalinowski and Zofia Korwin-Kossakowska / Smigielska / Puzyna / Potocka [see on Ludwik Kalinowski twice married].

We back to Tadeusz Grabianka / Grabianko:
he was the son of the Latyczow official - Jozef Kajetan Grabianka and Marianna Kalinowski of RAJKOWCE. Thanks to the efforts of the mother from the youngest years, he grew up in France. He spent his childhood in Lorraine at the court of King Stanislaw Leszczynski. He studied in Paris. There probably for the first time he met with esoteric associations and freemasonry.
His father
Jozef GRABIANKA, married Marianna Kalinowska the daughter of Ludwik KALINOWSKI.


This "sect" of Tadeusz Grabianka [1778/1779], or The Order of Illuminati, is a Polish intelligence network created during the collapse of the Polish-Lithuanian State and it is a secretive intelligence and political organization working to rebuild independent Poland in conditions when the entire territory of the country was occupied by three hostile neighbors.



National Treasure, the immigration funds collected in order to promote the fight against invaders on the country, used to promote Polish foreign affairs. The idea of the creation of the National Treasury in exile after the fall of the January Uprising already gone back to Agaton Giller.

The base of this treasure was a gift of Louis Michalski residing in Switzerland; in 1887 Sigmund Milkowski edited the famous book 'The thing about the active defense and on the National Treasury', where he outlined the idea of creating a fund.
Agaton Giller b. 1831 in Opatowek, was a Polish journalist and writer, conspirator and independence activist, a member of the National Government; brother of Stefan Giller.
Ludwik Michalski born Louis Matyasek / Ludwik Maciaszek, b. 1836 in Krakow, d. 1888 in Hilfikon in Switzerland, was Polish-Swiss engineer and entrepreneur, a participant of the January Uprising.
Milkowski in 1859 thought on the idea of national permanent Insurgency, and as Z. F. M. wrote 'Rzecz o obronie czynnej i o skarbie Narodowym', ed. in Paris, 1887; expanded ed. Krakow, 1912: Polish question, so-called 'Polish Intrigue' should be most important for Europe.
He also reminded all the time, on the pattern of Ireland, on the establishment of the National Treasury, with the national voluntary Taxation;
in August 1887 (? 1886) Milkowski / Jez moved to the castle Hilfikon in Switzerland, where he studied with Ludwik Michalski, the Polish emigrant, Maximilian Hertl from Paris, and the curator of the Ossolinski library in Lviv - Dr. Alexander Hirszberg who met Polish Democrats in Lviv, especially the Director of the Lemberger Savings Bank, insurgent of 1863, Fr. Zima, and the Warsaw patriots, to organize a democratic society with a centralization at the top, and the result of those deliberations was the Polish League.
In Switzerland in 1887, by a group of former participants of the January Uprising living in the Prussian and Austrian partitions, as well as abroad, Zygmunt Milkowski / Theodore Thomas Jez, Maximilian Hertel and Alexander Hirschberg at Hilfikon castle near Zurich, was established the Polish League.

Zygmunt Milkowski / Theodore Thomas Jez b. 1824 in the village Saracei in Podolia, d. 1915 in Lausanne, Polish writer, was the son of an noblemen, Joseph, was a Napoleonic officer; the gymnasium in Niemirow; he was graduated from Richelieu high school in Odessa 1843 - 1846, then the University of Kiev 1847; 1848 he went to Hungary via Galicia and served in the Polish Legion during the Hungarian campaign of 1848-1849, where he advanced to the rank of lieutenant.
Since the time of the Hungarian uprising was in the sphere of influence of Stanisław Worcell b. 1799, Heltman Victor b. 1796, Darasz Wojciech b. 1808, and Limanowski Boleslaw b. 1835.
He emigrated to Turkey where he was interned for a year,
1850 he left for England, where, while he was working in a factory producing printing blocks for wallpaper patterns, he joined the Polish Democratic Society.
In 1851 he went to Moldavia as an agent of the Central Committee of European Democracy. During the Crimean War he was on the Balkan Peninsula, and was also an observer attached to the Turkish army. He stayed in Walachia then left for Serbia, Bulgaria, 1855-1857 he was living in Constantinople,
then in 1858 he returned to London.
After the outbreak of the January Uprising in Poland in 1863, he became commander of the army in Ruthenia and was appointed colonel by the National Central Committee. He organised an insurgent troop in Tulcza, which was to enter Russia through the territory of Romania. 1864-1866 he stayed in Belgrade, then he moved to Brussels, Lausanne and Geneva. Towards the end of his life he settled in Lausanne.
In 1866 he initiated the establishment of the National Treasury to fund future insurgent actions and develop Polish propaganda abroad.
Darasz was the editor of Polish Democrat, a member of the Centralization - Polish Democratic Society and a member of the Revolutionary Committee of the Centralization of Europe.
Heltman was one of the ideologues of Polish Democratic Society and European activist, with
Jastrzębowski Wojciech Bogumil b. 1799, who can safely be called the first theorist of a United Europe; the National Guard soldier, battles at Wawer and Olszynka Grochowska in 1831; his ideas about Europe were echoed in the views of Massini and Giuseppe Garibaldi, Ledru - Rollin and Ruge Anolda b. 1802.
Mazzini fought with MONARCHS EUROPE, already in 1832 he founded YOUNG ITALY, helped organize the YOUNG GERMANY and Young POLAND. These were the steps involved in creating YOUNG EUROPE because he believed that only the young generation could rebuild Europe's monarchs in Europe of Nations.

We back to Milkowski, who was sent back to England 1850 (again 1858); active involvement in the Polish Democratic Society, closer to the international revolutionary circles. Since then, he was theorist of the European revolution.

The Central Committee of European Democracy commissioned colonel Zygmunt Miłkowski task of forming a resistance movement in Russia; detailed instructions on this matter received from the German revolutionary Arnold Ruge; besides Miłkowski, to Galicia was sent Louis Jastrzebski.

Milkowski with a passport in the name of Williams Smith went (1851) to the east, had letters of recommendation from Massini and Bratianu Dmitri; this mission was a tragedy for his family, his brothers Joseph and Felix in Romania were arrested and handed in 1853; Joseph, as the tsarist officer was shot in Izmaiłow; Felix sent to Orenburg. The third brother John was killed in a battle with the Turks at Oltenica. The mission of the European Democracy agents was thwarted by the church and the aristocracy, because some European Democracy activists were Freemasons;
the European Democracy top members:
Giuseppe Mazzini, Ledru-Rollin, Arnold Ruge, Darasz Wojciech and Dimitrie (1818-1892); they shared a need to organize a European revolution. Massini though Mason was the believer man; Arnold Ruge was a atheist. Darasz and Rollin were radicals.
Colonel Sigmund Milkowski did not agree with the policy of Czartoryski, who financed the trip to America, for former insurgents 1863; Society of the Third of May led by Adam Czartoryski also called the Hotel Lambert and the Society for Military of gen. Rybinski Maciej deprived to participate in the fight against the aggressors.
But the League of Liberty and Peace was established in 1867 in Geneva. At the Congress in Lausanne, speech in defense of Polish affairs gave Colonel Zygmunt Milkowski in 1872; the congress was attended by representatives of the Poles, French, Germans and other nationalities. "Almost all the congresses of the League felt the spirit of the EUROPE of NATIONS ... by the inspiration of Charles Lemonnier, at the Congress in Lausanne, Polish independence was considered as a prerequisite for peace in Europe".

Milkowski was one of the founders of the Polish National League, which was transformed into the National Democracy Party.
Also with
Louis Matyasek Michalski, an engineer, who opened his castle Hiltikon for this meeting; he was born in a family of teachers. 1863 he joined the January Uprising under Kopernicki Francis (1824-1892). After the uprising got to Switzerland, Sumatra, and back to Switzerland; provided financial support for Polish initiatives.
Hertel was also an engineer, poet, worked for the Ministry of Roads and Transport in Paris. He had a big impact on the French Polonia.
Dr. Hirschberg, historian, the history of diplomacy and Polish-Russian relations. The source of the new organization were manifestos of the POLISH DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (1832-1862), with the reconstruction of Poland from 1772, but with the right of minorities to autonomy.

Milkowski was also the President of the Supervisory Council of the National Treasury, a member of the Board of the Polish Emigrant Union and of the Executive Board of the Polish National Museum in Rapperswill. In 1900 he made a journey to the USA; he died in Lausanne on 11 January 1915.
Above data under copyright by Dr Marek Adamiec.
On his initiative Zygmunt Balicki came to Warsaw, and founded a secret Polish Youth Union modeled on Freemasonry, at the turn of 1886-1887, among university students; fought on the independence of Poland.

Interesting notes on wine commerce:

1. Trading House "Heirs of A. F. Poklewski-Koziell" / Pakleuski Kozell - the Company founder was Alfons Fomich Poklevskii-Kozell / Alfons Koziell Poklewski who in 1869 bought a large estate in Kurgan, built here a stone wine warehouse.
2. The ARMAND family from Moscow:
Jean-Louis Armand (1786 - 1855 in Moscow) appeared in Russia ca 1790 - 1799, together with his father Paul Armand and mother Angelica (1765 / 1767 - 1813 in Moscow) daughter of Charles, during an escape from the terror of the French Revolution; Paul Armand b. ca 1762 was a prosperous farmer in Normandie and sympathized royalists. He, settling in Paris, opened the building workshop; there he married Angelica daughter of Charles from Alsatie; he decided to build his commerce on the French wines trade in Russia. Once the ship crashed in the Bay of Biscay and it ruined family of Armand. But Paul soon had good commercial relations in shipping ports of south France (Nice and Marseille probably). The 29 year-old general Paul Armand came from Paris in the carriage of the Marquis de Courtenay. He had an antique best wines of France in barrels, bought up at the south. Paul Armand expected to open in Moscow own wine shop. On the way to Russia, he did not know that it will suffer a financial collapse: the ship will sink with wine.

After the shipwreck of wine in the Bay of Biscay, Armand transfered trade of wines to the Mediterranean ports of France, it took place perhaps during the continental blockade taken by England against Napoleon. Then after 1815 the trade lasted maybe until the Crimean War in the 50's of the 19th century.

Paul Armand ran the wine trade through the ports in the south of France to Russia: a probable route from Marseille - Nice - after Italian Naples - Smyrna / Smyrne (see the Ralli Brothers from London, Marseille, India) in Turkey? - Crimea / Krym, where the Armand family had a very good trade agreements. A Demonsi / Demonet / Demontet family ran in Moscow a sales of these French wines.
When Paul Armand married, he did not know what would be the basis of family trade - fashionable hats at first. Next to the fashionable shop of Armand was trading house of Demonet where sold not only fashionable Parisian clothes, but also French wines, perfumes, delicacies and even lamps.

Jean-Louis Armand, from his first marriage to Elizabeth Osipovna (1788 - 1817), Sabine called her, had a son Yevgeny born in 1809. From his second marriage, Jean-Louis and Marie-Barbe, nee Collignon (1780 - 1872) had a daughter Sophia, married a Swede, Osip Hecke / Hoecke/ Hacker.
In 1811 in Moscow lived:
Jean-Louis Armand b. ca 1787, and his son Louis-Jean b. 1807 / 1808, French nation; his wife Elizabeth Osipovna b. ca 1786/1787 and daughter Elizabeth b. 1807. Also merchant Paul / Pavel Armand b. 1762, who arrived (again?) to Moscow in 1808; his wife Angelica daughter of Charles, was born 1767.
Louis-Jean b. 1807 / 1808 that is Yevgeny born in 1809 = Evgeny (Eugene Louis) Armand (1809 - 1890), the grandson of Paul Armand, worked as a foreman for weaving and dyeing factories near Moscow.
Paul was killed and Paul's son, Jean - Ivan, started a wine-import business. It was Ivan's son, the first Eugene, who founded the Armand fortunes.

3. Alexandra Constantinovna Countess von Zarnekau b. 1883 married in 1900 Prince George Alexandrovich Yurievsky, a son of Alexander II of Russia. In 1884, they bought a local wine cellar established by the Frenchman Shote in 1876 for bottling champagne, doing business in Odessa and Alexandrovsk (Zaporozhe).

4. On July 30th Bronislaw Pilsudski left Nagasaki by ship, on August 3rd left Japan for Galicia (Austrian Poland) via America.
On the main street of Ginza in Tokyo, Pilsudski rented a room from the end of January to July 1906 - had a connection with Russian merchants in Vladivostok and sold natural ice transported from Hakodate in Hokkaido and milk, as well as ice cream and foreign-made wines later. In 1908 Futabatei visited St. Petersburg as a special correspondent for the newspaper Asahi and met Zarnowska - wife of Bronislaw Pilsudski - who was staying at a relative's home there. He did not, however, manage to see Pilsudski.

5. GAILLARD, J. Jeune / Jeune GAILLARD, 1896, a General Store was opened at Nagasaki at 12 Oura under the name of J. Gaillard, the Nagasaki branch of Gaillard & Co., which was led by Jean Sirot. Sirot came from Shanghai. The Nagasaki branch provisioned the French Navy with coal, food and other provisions and in 1897 the branch specialized in wine and spirits. From 1889 to 1903 only C. Joana is listed as head of this branch and J. Gaillard is only mentioned in 1901, with Rene Chevalier Lavaure, to 1904.
6.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829 in Paris, France, d. 1904 / 1908 in London, England; he was son of John O'Meara and Elizabeth Sophie. John O'Meara, b. 1797 in Borrisokane, Co Tipperary, central part of Ireland, south-west of Dublin; died 1867 in Paris.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was husband of Marie Camille and father of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara b. 1861; Henrie Marie Bulkeley b. 1857, Charles Louis Thomas b. 1862, John Herbert Lewis b. 1860, and Camille Alfred O'Meara. Camille Alfred O'Meara b. 1858 in Piltown - south-east of Ireland, d. ?; son of Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara and Marie Camille; husband of Rosalee Julia nee Guilloux; from this family was Louis Fancois Marie GUILLOUX, b. 1899 in Saint-Brieuc, France, his father was a socialist activist of 'Proudhonism'; Guilloux befriended the philosophy tutor Georges Palante, an anarchist. Camille Alfred O'Meara was father of Rose Julie Taylor, Harry O'Meara, Charlie O'Meara, Tom O'Meara, Alf O'Meara, Pat and Camille Cammie; half brother of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - was half brother of Josephine Camille O'Meara and Mathihilde O'Meara. Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was born on the 9th December 1829 in Paris and died at Addison Gardens, London, in 1904; he was secretary of the Cercle Imperial Club in Paris, was a cashier in Salt Manufacturing of his brother-in-law's company at Stoke Prior in England, and finally was a wine merchant; married to Marie Camille nee Blot.
Parents of above named Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829: John O'MEARA 1797-1867 and Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK 1809-1889. Acc. to http://gw.geneanet.org: parents of mentioned John O'Meara: Jack O'MEARA and Ann MORAN.
Why James Augustin FITZPATRICK found himself in France between 1805 and 1809, we do not know; France and England at that time were fighting at many fronts; maybe he traded wine from southern France as Paul Armand?!

Maybe he traded tea from India? The economic blockade of the UK economy by France, created by closing the trade of this country with the countries of continental Europe and imposed allies of France to introduce trade embargo against Great Britain, resulted edition in Berlin by Napoleon Bonaparte's decree of November 21, 1806. The closure of European ports for the British fleet cut off the United Kingdom from markets and supply. It was notoriously broken because its effects were also negative for the European economies. For example, the cost of wine production in Scotland and France. France also losses because it was the recipient of the English wool.


The creation of a secret society (the Round Table of Milner) had been planning for more than seventeen years. "Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890".
According to Carroll Quigley, "...Rhodes embraced the ideas of Stead much earlier than they actually have met (on 4 April 1889), and then they jointly set up their secret society for the establishment of the Anglo-American Union ... in 1891, February 5. Stead continues: The conception in those day (1880) was confined to few, but nowadays the parties led by Lord Rosebery and Lord Salisbury would vie with each other in asserting their readiness to recognize the European Concert as the germ of the United States of Europe, and to develop the concerted action of six Powers in relation to the question of the East into a Federated Union of all the European States...".
This is not a joke on the readers of this website, that 100 years and 1 day later, the general Kiszczak also closed the debate of his Round Table.
This Round Table that are negotiations conducted to April 5, 1989 by the representatives of the People's Republic of Poland in Magdalenka near Warsaw.

When Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, drowned on 5 June 1916 when HMS Hampshire sank west of the Orkney Islands, Scotland, then Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, from December 1916 to November 1918, was one of the most important members of David Lloyd George's War Cabinet. His mother was a daughter of Major General John Ready, former Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island and later the Isle of Man.
Upon his return from South Africa, Viscount Milner occupied himself mainly with business interests in London, becoming chairman of the Rio Tinto Zinc mining company, a director of the Joint Stock Bank, in January 1917 Milner led the British delegation, with Henry Wilson, in Russia, to boost Russian morale and see what equipment they needed; he was an advocate of inter-allied cooperation, in St. Petersburg in February 1917.
But Trotsky in his book 'My Life' tells of a British financier, who in 1907 gave him a large loan to be repaid after the overthrow of the Tsar. Arsene de Goulevitch, who witnessed the Bolshevik Revolution, has identified both the name of the financier and the amount of the loan: over 21 million rubles were spent by Lord Alfred Milner in financing the (October 1917 Revolution) Russian Revolution.
It was a big dream of Pilsudski and Poles to Tsarist Russia collapsed, and then in the revolutionary chaos appeared Lenin had passed into Russia by the Germans.
A documents made it clear, that this above mentioned funding was provided by Milner and channeled through Sir George Buchanan, who was the British Ambassador to Russia at the time, acc. to Goulevitch, p. 230.


In March 1832, Adam Mickiewicz stayed in Dresden, Saxony, where he wrote the third part of his poem 'Dziady'. July 1832 he arrived in Paris, accompanied by Ignacy Domeyko; in Paris, Mickiewicz published articles in 'Pielgrzym Polski', and wrote 'The Books of the Polish People and of the Polish Pilgrimage' - in the part: 'Pilgrim LITANY' we read:
"...The universal war for the freedom of peoples,
We ask you, Lord.
The weapons and national eagles,
We ask you, Lord...".

Tadeusz A. Kisielewski in "The Great War and Polish independence" ed. Rebis Publishing House, 2014, shows the First World War (the Great War 1914-1918) as a game of powers, which fight each other for dominance over Europe and domination in the colonies.

In 1832 the author of 'Pilgrim LITANY', Adam Mickiewicz, although romantic poet, but cool, wrote that
an essential condition of Poland's independence is the conflict between the invaders, and it must be converted into a European-wide war.

In 1895, Pilsudski published an article titled "Russia", in which he formulated for the first time
a basic condition for independence by Poland: to "slit the seams of ethnic Russia" and other non-Russian parts of the empire (to split the seams of ethnic Russia and other non-Russian parts).


On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of six assassins, Serbs and Bosniak, coordinated by Danilo Ilic, a Bosnian Serb and a member of the Black Hand secret society.
"...In May of 1914 Colonel Dmitrijevic, a secret way from his own government, introduced the idea of the assassination of Archduke. The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow, was not able to decide, and reached an agreement with friends from the General Staff in St. Petersburg, and after a few days passed acceptance: 'Works ... we will not leave you alone'. Today we know that these words were not empty. We do not know who made the decision. Whoever he was, he had to be close to the heads of the party pro war; it was leading by the uncle of the Tsar, Grand Duke Nicholas (Nikolai); and operate at the interface between the military and diplomacy, he soon began a covert operation to observe long-term Russian ambassador in Belgrade, Nikolai Hartwig. One thing is certain: the decision of St. Petersburg, and then ... shots of Princip started the chain of events that led to the global carnage...",
according to http://foxmulder2.blogspot.com/2014/06/najwieksze-sekrety-kryptonim.html by Hubert Kozieł.

The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow / Viktor Alekseevich Artamonov / Viktor Alekseievitch Artamonov / Виктор Алексеевич Артамонов, had a close relationship with Apis;
"...accessible records do not explain what role, if any, Artamonov had in the plot. To make matters murkier still, just before his execution by his own government at Salonika in June 1917, after being accused of involvement in yet another plot, this time against his own leaders, Dimitrijevic boasted in writing of his role behind the Sarajevo plot and admitted that Artamonov funded the terrorist operation, something that Yugoslavia's Communists revealed in 1953 to discredit the royal regime that preceded them in power in Belgrade. As Artamonov died in exile in 1942 without fully explaining his role in the assassination... something undertaken by direction from St. Petersburg. ... Given that Russian radio intelligence was able to read Austro-Hungarian diplomatic ciphers before the war, it seems likely that St. Petersburg was aware of what Vienna's probable reaction to the assassination would be and, as Sean Meekin has recently observed, the Russians subsequently acted as if they have something to hide: 'gaps in the record strongly suggest a good deal of purging took place after 1914', to cover whatever tracks Artamonov left behind. The attache conveniently managed to be out of Belgrade on the day of the assassination, yet it was well known in Serbian military circles that, in the weeks before the assassination, he and Apis saw each other almost daily. A Serbian colonel who was close to Apis conceded that Artamonov had encouraged the plot... it seems very likely that St. Petersburg knew more about the plot that it later proved politic to admit...".

And "...Serbian military intelligence, whose chief, Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijević, colloquially known as Apis (The Bull), was a violent conspirator with impressive credentials even by high regional standards", copyright by http://20committee.com/

Apis ordered the murder of Franz Ferdinand, and he said that the Russian military attache Artamonov promised protection of Russia from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, when Serbia's intelligence operations will be disclosed, and that Russia has financed the killing. In an interview, Artamonov categorically denied any involvement of Russia in this case. Artamonov said that at this time he was on vacation in Italy, leaving only military assistant of Attache Alexander Verkhovsky; and although he had the daily contact with Apis, he learned about the role of Apis only at the end of the war, acc. to Albertini.
Verkhovskii / Alexander Verkhovsky first admitted involvement of the Attache Office, and then completely stopped talking about it.
There is evidence that on June 14, 1914 Russia was at least aware of the plans of terrorists.
Shelking wrote: '...01 (14) June 1914, Emperor Nicholas had a conversation with King Charles in Constanta in Romania. I was there at the time ... as far as I could tell from my conversation with the members of his entourage (Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov) he (Sazonov) was convinced that if the Archduke (Franz Ferdinand) will go in the direction of peace in Europe will not be threatened'.

Mentioned above
Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Верхо́вский / Verkhovsky, Alexander / Aleksander Wierchowski - b. 1886, St. Petersburg, d. August 19, 1938; nobility.
In 1905, for the liberal-constitutional view expelled from the Corps of Pages and sent in Manchuria, was the gunner; awarded the George Cross and promoted to officer. In 1905-1908 he served in Helsingfors, the 3rd Light division in Finland, 1909 lieutenant. Graduated from the Nikolaev Military Academy (1911); 1911 he graduated from the Academy of General Staff. 1911 staff-captain, 1913 - Captain. 1911-1913 he commanded a company of the 2nd Infantry Regiment in Finland. 1913 the senior aide of Staff of the 3rd Finnish Infantry Brigade.
He was sent to Serbia (1914) to study the experiences of participation of the Serbian army in the Balkan wars.
Since the beginning of the First World War he returned to Russia, participated in the battles in East Prussia. Since 1915 head of security section of Staff to the 22nd Corps on the South-Western Front; at the headquarters of 7th Army. Since March 1916, Lieutenant Colonel, Chief of Staff of Army Group, designed to capture Trebizond from the sea. In September - December 1916 in Romania, he was assistant of the security section of the Russia's representative at the headquarters; he arrived in Petrograd and wrote: 'Only a change of political system could save the army from the new misfortunes, and Russia from the ignominious defeat. Army has lost patience...', acc. to '...From the diary of a marching 1914-1918', Moscow.
In early 1917 appointed Chief of Staff of the Chernomorskoy division, designed for landing on the Turkish coast.
After the February Revolution of 1917 he participated in the meeting of officers of the garrison to support the Provisional Government.
On August 30, 1917 Kerensky appointed Verkhovsky the Military Minister;
on Sept. 1st, 1917 introduced him to the Directory, giving the rank of Major-General;
on Sep 7, 1917 Verkhovsky made a presentation on the reorganization of the army;
on Sep 8, 1917 appointed to the Bureau of the Central Executive Committee;
on October 20, 1917 the joint meeting of the Pre-Parliament Committee Defense and Foreign Affairs - Verkhovsky analyzed the state of the army and said we can't fight;
on October 22, 1917 / 04 Nov. "he went on to Balaam" (?), where only on 29 Oct. learned about the October armed uprising.
Nov. 3 / 16, 1917 returned to Petrograd, and together with members of the Central Committee went to headquarters where the All-Army committee and leaders of some socialist parties tried to form a 'general-socialist government';
Nov. 1917 moved to Mogilov.
In 1922 he was a military expert of the Soviet delegation at the Genoa International Conference.
On 18 July 1931 on charges of anti-Soviet activities sentenced to death. December 2, 1931 sentence to 10 years in the camps.

Viktor Alekseievitch Artamonov born October 9, 1873 and died August 23, 1942 in Antwerp, Belgium.
"He graduated in 1890 from the Cadet Corps Simbirsk, in 1892 the Military Academy in 1900 and Pavlovsk Academy of Staff of Mykolayiv. ... the Volhynian Guard Regiment, ... and Odessa in 1904. ... military liaison officer 1907 to 1909 in Greece and then from 1909 to 1918 in Serbia. ... 1919 to 1920 he was representative in Belgrade Armed Forces of South Russia, under the direction of Anton Ivanovich Denikin then under those of Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel...".

Very interesting research of Pierre-Yves Beaurepaire, 'Dictionnaire de la Franc-maconnerie', Paris, Armand Colin, 2014, p. 307-314: the conspiracy theory, a whole section of contemporary American literature to have become a topic of academic research among Americanists; revolutions from the eighteenth century.

But the first was John Robison (1739 - 1805), a Scottish physicist and mathematician. He was a professor of philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. A member of the Edinburgh Philosophical Society, the first General Secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1783 - 1798). See Becu in 1803 in Scotland (Dzierzynski, Becu, Pilar-Pilchau, Bulhak, Pilsudski). Robison also worked with James Watt on an early steam car. Following the French Revolution, Robison became disenchanted with elements of the Enlightenment. He authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, a polemic accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati. Born in Boghall, Baldernock, Stirlingshire, close to Thornhill, north-west of Stirling; west of Drummond, south-west of the Doune castle.

See: Peter Rutherford, b. 1843 in Doune - 15 km north-west of Stirling, Kilmadock, Perth in Scotland; his father was John RUTHERFORD; the Douglas family from Bothwell - 15 km south-east of Glasgow, Kincardineshire, 30 km south of Aberdeen, and from Fordoune, Scotland - 14 km north-west of Srirling; see: Douglas from Italy, Napoli. James Francis Edward Keith b. 1696, a Scottish soldier, was born at Inverugie Castle near Peterhead - north of Aberdeen in eastern Scotland, the second son of William, 9th Earl Marischal of Scotland who b. ca 1664, and was also a Jacobite politician of Scotland. Robert Wardlaw Ramsay of Tillicoultry and Whitehill. Tillicoultry is located 18 km east of Stirling! Louis Latour b. 1799, m. Catherine Smith in 1822, Calcutta; Edward De Lautour married Catherine Sconce - second daughter of Robert Sconce, Esquire, of Stirling in Scotland - at Calcutta.


Back to John Robison:
"...In 1770 he travelled to Saint Petersburg as the Secretary of Admiral Charles Knowles, where he taught mathematics to the cadets at the Naval Academy at Cronstadt, obtaining a double salary and the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. ... Robison returned to Scotland in 1773 and took up the post of Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. He lectured on mechanics, hydrostatics, astronomy, optics, electricity and magnetism (see Gernet, Duflon, Breguet, Konstantynowicz). Towards the end of his life, he became an enthusiastic conspiracy theorist, publishing Proofs of a Conspiracy, ... in 1797, alleging clandestine intrigue by the Illuminati and Freemasons ... carried on in the secret meetings of Freemasons, Illuminati and Reading Societies. The secret agent monk, Alexander Horn provided much of the material for Robison's allegations. ... In 1798, the Reverend G. W. Snyder sent Robison's book to George Washington for his thoughts on the subject in which he replied to him in a letter. ... Modern conspiracy theorists, such as Nesta Webster and William Guy Carr, believe the methods of the Illuminati as described in Proofs of a Conspiracy were copied by radical groups throughout the 19th and 20th centuries in their subversion of benign organizations...".


Weishaupt (Johann Adam Weishaupt b. 1748 in Ingolstadt, d. 1830) was trained by friend of Moses Mendelssohn - Hartwig Wessely / Hartog Naftali Herz in 1771. Over the next five years
Weishaupt formulated a plan, all secret systems be reduced to a single powerful organization. On May 1, 1776, he formed it to live as a secret Order of the Illuminati or "Enlightened"
and stood at the forefront;
see at http://www.eioba.pl/a/3it4/teorie-spiskowe-zakon-iluminatow;
this organization essentially acting as a "over-Freemasonry", to take control on all of Freemasonry. Weishaupt himself to be even accept to lodge "Zur Behuntsamkeit" in Munich, and began to arrange his Order within Freemasonry.

Please compare the text: http://www.klubinteligencjipolskiej.pl/2015/03/wall-street-i-rewolucja-bolszewicka-w-rosji-2/; and notes by Douglas Reed, translated by Krzysztof Edmund Wojciechowicz, at http://spiritolibero.neon24.pl/post/107504,rewolucja-swiatowa.


And now back to England:
Edward VII, b. 1841 in London, in 1874 the Prince of Wales attended the marriage at St. Petersburg of his brother, the Duke of Edinburgh, with the grand-duchess Marie of Russia. He was first elected grand master of the Freemasons of England in 1874; a bencher of the Middle Temple, he was son of Queen Victoria; initiated by the King of Sweden, at Stockholm in 1868, the rank of Past Grand Master of England was conferred upon him in 1870. Patron of the Grand Lodges of Scotland and Ireland and was an honorary member of Lodge of Edinburgh No. 1. Grand Master Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (then the King of Great Britain and Ireland as Edward VII from 1901), 1874 to 1901.

The network:
Montenegro - Potapov - Parvus - Berezyna - Konstantynowicz - Artuzow - Volpi - Venetia - electricity:
Prince Arseny Karageorgievich / Karadjordjevic b. 1859, d. 1938, was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888; served until 1916 to the Russian military, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army, participated in the Russian-Japanese War and in the First World War; the pretender to the Serbian throne, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion; the friend of Drzewiecki, Duflon, Breguet in St Petersburg (see: Potapov in Montenegro; the Azbelev / Azbelew family, and the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Petersburg; Nagasaki and Bronislaw Pilsudski, Volpi; Neuchatel in Switzerland).
Arseny was the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia.

The first genealogy of Arseny:

Count Pavel Pavlovich Demidov / Demidoff, 2nd Prince San Donato, 1839-1885, owned approximately 100 factories in Russian and 1 million squares kilometers of land in Russia, France and in Italy. He move to Villa Pratolino, named as Villa Demidoff, and m. 2nd time to Helena or Elena Petrovna, Princess Troubetzekaya, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, b. St. Peterburg in 1853, d. Odessa in 1917; Aurora Pavlovna Demidova, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, Princess of Serbia, and later Countess Noghera, born in San Donato in 1873 or 1874, d. Marseille, in 1943 (? - Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), eldest daughter of the second marriage of the above Prince Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; Aurora m. first to Arsene Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1859-1938, son of Alexandar Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1806-1885 and Persida Nenadovic, 1813-1873. General of the Russian army; Comander-General of the Yugoslavian army. He was brother of Peter I, King of Serbians, Croats and Slovens, later King of Yugoslavia, 1844-1921. Prince Arsene divorced in 1896. Paul Karadordevic, Prince of Yugoslavia, b. 1893, was educated at the University of Oxford.

The second genealogy of Arseny:

A wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:

Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev; her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; her grandfather Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826, her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804; her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817; her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812.

Above mentioned Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic / Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1806 - 1885), Prince of Serbia in 1842 - 1858. After his father's death in 1817, he was living in Russia and served to the Russian army to 1840. He left two sons: Peter I of Yugoslavia (1844-1921), 1903 the king of Serbia, 1918 the King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; and above named Arseny (1859 - 1938); his son, Prince Paul was a regent of Yugoslavia in 1934 - 1941.

Mentioned Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato (b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), her father Pavel Pavlovich Demidov, Prince of San Donato (1839, Weimar - d.
1885, Pratolino near Florence),
Russian industrialist, 1871-1872 and 1873-1874 Kiev; the Red Cross during the Turkish war of 1877-1878. He was son of Pavel Nikolayevich Demidov and Aurora Karamzina.

Baroness Eva Aurora Charlotte Stjernvall / Eva Aurora Charlotta Stjernvall; 1836 the name Demidov, 1846 as Karamzin; she was born in 1808, Bёrneborg, died 1902, Helsingfors; the Swedish-Finnish roots, a maid of honor of the imperial court, a large philanthropist.
Her husband was Count Pavel Demidov (1798 - 1840, Mainz), Russian businessman, the owner of the richest Ural iron foundry (see Koziell-Poklewski family), the actual state councilor, honorary member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, philanthropist; the son of Count Nikolai Nikitich Demidov and Elizabeth Alexandrovna Stroganov.

On the other hand we look at
Emmanuel Karaso, Karassu / Carasso / Emanuel Karasu (Salonica, 1862 - died in Trieste in 1934), a lawyer of the Sephardic Jewish Carasso family of Salonica / Thessaloniki, Greece; a member of the Young Turks; a member or a founder, president of the Macedonian Risorta Masonic lodge in Thessaloniki; he worked for Jewish organizations in Turkey, and negotiated the treaty ending the Italo-Turkish War.

And next network in the Balkan kingdom of Montenegro, owned by Volpi, and the Russian military attache from 1903 to 1915 - N. M. Potapov.

Potapov in 1915 taken the position of Quartermaster General and Deputy Chief of Staff of the Russian Army, in charge of all army intelligence.
In the summer of 1917, Potapov began Bolshevik, but he was known since the 1890s.
He help to the transformation of the Tsarist War Ministry into the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs (see the Bonch-Bruevich brothers, Lenin, and village Zbyszyn close to Miezonka).
He was the first Red Army Chief of Staff; close to A. A. Artuzov (see Saanen in Switzerland, Lenin, Dzierzynski in Switzerland, Duflon) - who was a cousin of Potapov.


And at present back again to Montenegro and Serbia, Venetia and Turkey:

Alexander Lvovich Parvus born Israel Lazarevich Gelfand / Aleksandr Parvus / Aleksander Izrael Łazariewicz Helphand / Aleksandr Izrail Lazarevich Gelfand (Gelfant, Helfant or Helphand), byname Parvus, left Russia in 1886 for Switzerland. He actually originated the notion of "permanent revolution". Gelfand attended gymnasium in Odessa and received private tutoring. Parvus was born in 1867 in Berezino in the province of Minsk in Byelorussia, but grew up in Odessa where he finished college in 1885. A doctor of philosophy in 1891.

"... Exiled to Siberia, he escaped. Once back in Europe he managed to lay his hands on 130,000 gold German marks from Max Reinhardt's productions of "The Lower Depths" and other Gorky plays. He was supposed to keep the money safe for their author. Instead, he started a new life in the Ottoman Empire, working first as an arms merchant for Krupp and later as a dealer in grain and coal as well as weapons. By 1915 he was the chief adviser to the German general staff on the revolutionary movement in Russia".

"...Parvus's status in Switzerland was secured by his longtime colleague, Adolph Muller, the German Ambassador in Berne, and a Munich publisher. According to authors James and Suzanne Pool ... he had done business with the Nazis since before the putsch. ... The money that Hitler used to purchase the newspaper came from a White Russian and former Okhrana associate, Vasili Biskupsky. ... At the close of World War I, Parvus wrote the following profile of the European situation:
'There exist two possibilities only: either the unification of western Europe, or Russia's domination. The whole game with the buffer states will end in their annexation by Russia, unless they are united with central Europe in an economic community, which would provide a counter-balance to Russia'.
Under any circumstances, Parvus argued that the era of the nation-state system had ended in Europe...".

Acc. to the article on September 23, 2005, Executive Intelligence Review, ... Parvus Permanent War Madness, by Jeffrey Steinberg, Allen Douglas, and Rachel Douglas. This article was based on an exhaustive study by Allen and Rachel Douglas, 'The Roots of the Trust: From Volpe to Volpi, and Beyond - The Venetian Dragomans of the Russian Empire', and on published and unpublished research by Scott Thompson, Marjorie Mazel Hecht, and Joseph Brewda:
"...a doctrine which the Russian-born British intelligence asset Alexander Helphand, also known as Parvus, dictated to Leon Trotsky's effort to overthrow Russia's Tsar in the revolution of 1905. What Helphand dictated to his dupe Trotsky, in writing, personally, there at that time, is a doctrine of 'permanent revolution / permanent war', which Trotsky himself defended up to the moment of his murder by a Soviet assassin, in Mexico in 1940. Alexander Israel Helphand (a.k.a. Parvus). Both (Shabotynsky / Zabotynski) Jabotinsky and Parvus edited publications of the British / Venetian-spawned Young Turk movement, which helped ... the overthrow of the Ottoman Empire.
Like Jabotinsky, Parvus (1867 - 1924) came from (born in Berezyna in 1867) an Odessa family steeped in the grain trade. By 1886, Helphand / Parvus had already become involved in the Okhrana-spawned Russian socialist scene, travelling to Switzerland to participate in the Emancipation of Labor group, led by a number of documented Okhrana agents, including Lev Deutsch, and suspected Okhrana man Georgi Plekhanov / Plechanow.

... By 1900, Parvus had joined the inner circle of the Bolsheviks, using his Munich, Germany apartment to house the printing press for the group, and hosting V. I. Lenin and other leaders (see Brilling, Duflon and Konstantynowicz family, Inessa Armand, Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand).
According to several biographical accounts, by 1902, Parvus was receiving direct Okhrana funding through Gorky, who gave Parvus the rights to publish his works abroad (see Neapol and Capua in my research).
When the entire leadership of the Petersburg Soviet, including Trotsky, was rounded up and jailed in December 1905, Parvus escaped the police clutches. When he was later captured, he escaped police custody, courtesy of the Okhrana agent Lev Deutsch. Parvus next turned up, via Germany, in Constantinople, as a 'journalist' covering the Young Turk rebellion against the Ottomans ... It would be at this moment that Parvus's ties to the leading European 'Venetian Party' factions would be publicly shown.
In 1908, the Committee for Union and Progress, otherwise known as the Young Turks, carried out a military coup, overthrowing the Sultan and seizing power over the Ottoman Empire. ... The actual founder of the Young Turk movement was an Italian Freemason and grain trader named Emmanuel Carasso. Jewish by birth, Carasso had been a founder of the Italian Masonic lodge in Salonika, called the Macedonia Risorta Lodge.
Virtually all of the members of the Young Turk leadership were lodge members. The forerunner of the Macedonia Risorta Lodge was founded by a follower of another Palmerston agent and revolutionary provocateur, Giuseppi Mazzini. ... Carasso was a leading financier (see electricity, Duflon, Konstantynowicz, Venetia) of the entire Young Turk insurrection, and during the Balkan Wars, he was not only the head of Balkan intelligence operations for the Young Turks; he was in charge of all food supplies for the Ottoman Empire during World War I, a lucrative business which he shared with Parvus (see Berezyna and Odessa). ... Another of Carasso's 'business' associates was Parvus, who became economics editor of another Young Turk journal, The Turkish Homeland. Parvus also became a partner of Carasso in the grain trade, and in the arms business, and became independently wealthy. ... Carasso was a protege and business partner of Volpi di Misurata, the leading Venetian banker of the early 20th century, who not only sponsored the Young Turk insurrection, but also promoted the Black Shirt takeover of Rome and went on to run the Mussolini Fascist regime ... The Venetian banker Volpi was closely allied with City of London financiers throughout. And the Young Turks, once they took power, made no secret of their London ties. In 1909 the Ottoman Navy was put under the command of a British admiral; ... banker, Ernst Cassel, established and managed the National Bank of Turkey; and British officials advised the Ministry of Finance, the Interior Ministry, and the Ministry of Justice.
... Parvus also got into the tightly controlled arms business, probably under the patronage of Sir Basil Zaharoff of the Vickers Arms cartel, a prominent Anglo - Venetian enterprise. Once the Balkan Wars had started, leading directly into World War I, Parvus turned his attention back to Russia, laying plans to finance a revolution, to be led by Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Parvus set his scheme for revolution down in a March 9, 1915 memorandum to the German Foreign Ministry, vowing that the Bolsheviks would take power in Russia in 1916, and seeking financial support. ...
One of the key backers of the Parvus Plan at the German General Staff was Count Bogdan von Hutten-Czapski, the head of the Political Section and a longtime business associate of none other than Young Turks financier, the Venetian Synarchist Party operative Giuseppi Volpi, the future controller of Mussolini.
According to his own memoirs,
von Hutten-Czapski had seen the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War as an opportunity 'to smash the Tsarist Empire',
a view shared by Parvus.

... Hugo Stinnes of the German coal syndicate. Stinnes granted Parvus control over the shipping and sale of German coal to Denmark ... Stinnes, too, was tied to Volpi and the Banca Commerciale Italiana. In May 1915, Parvus met with Lenin and Karl Radek in Switzerland (see Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand), and then created a string of front groups in Stockholm and Copenhagen.

... By April 1917, Parvus had pushed the German government to grant secret safe-passage to the Bolshevik leaders back into Russia, and arrangements were soon made, through Parvus and Radek, to smuggle Lenin and 40 other leading Bolsheviks from Switzerland, through Stockholm, back to Petrograd. Parvus remained in Stockholm, in constant communication with the International Mission of the Petrograd Bolshevik Central Committee Abroad...".


On the above Synarchist movement, by LYNN PICKNETT & CLIVE PRINCE:
"...This shadowy politico-occult movement is synarchy, which was developed by the Frenchman Joseph Alexandre Saint-Yves, the Marquis d'Alveydre, in opposition to the rise of anarchy in the second half of the nineteenth century. ... The most high-profile late nineteenth-century devotee of Saint-Yves was the physician Gerard Encausse (Papus), a leading light among French esoteric societies. ... Encausse's death in 1916 resulted in a schism in the Martinist Order over its involvement in politics. The activists, under Victor Blanchard - head of the secretariat of the Chamber of Deputies of the French Parliament - formed the breakaway Martinist and Synarchic Order, which established the Synarchic Central Committee in 1922, designed to pull in promising young civil servants and younger members of great business families...".


Pleshcheev and Tadeusz Grabianka

-
Natal'ia Fedotovna Pleshcheeva (1765/1768 - 1855) / Natalie Pleshcheeva VERIGIN,
the daughter of Fedot Michailovich Verigin, 1722-1783, the member of the War Council.

NATALIA was the State lady in 1826; she was - before marriage - closest to the Grand Dss MARIA FEDOROVNA. Natalia was the mistress of Emperor Paul I.
She was widowed in February 1802.
She was married Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802), born in Moscow; he died Jan. 23 (Feb. 4), 1802, in Montpellier, France. Russian vice admiral (1797). "Pleshcheev made a survey to the Dardanelles in 1775 and around the Black Sea coast near Sinop and Trabzon in 1776. He was the author of one of the first geographic descriptions of Russia".

SERGEI was the friend of I. V. LOPUCHIN [see below !], the Freemason.

Sergei's family probably: Sergej Pleshcheev, born 1701, and Sergej had a daughter Mariya Sergeevna Golitsyn.

All quotes below according to the study of Natalie Bayer and Robert Collis

["Light from the North: Tadeusz Grabianka, the New Israel Society and Millenarian Sentiment Among the Russian Nobility, 1788-1807", by Robert Collis and Natalie Bayer - in 2015. Robert Collis - The University of Sussex, United Kingdom and The University of Turku, Finland - at academia.edu. Bayer - Associate Professor of History; "a native of Rostov-on-Don in southern Russia, she graduated from Moscow State University with a degree in modern European history. She received her Ph.D. in European intellectual history from Rice University in 2007, studying under John Zammito..."]:

"... ... According to Grabianka, the society suspended activities in Avignon on October 28, 1800, after a turbulent decade and as a result of dwindling membership. Five years later, not only Grabianka, but also three other leaders of the society were resident in St. Petersburg:

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699);

Madame Le Maire d'Attigny (born ca 1742), the Great Mother;
and
Nicolas Simonin, the Interpreter of Dreams. ...

At the same time, geopolitical factors brought St. Petersburg firmly into Grabianka's orbit. Indeed, since the Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1793, Grabianka, as a Podolian nobleman, had officially been a Russian subject. Thus, when he sought to return to his family estate in October 1802, he sought a passport to travel from Arkadii Ivanovich Morkov (1747-1827), the Russian Ambassador in Paris, which he duly received. ...".

This "sect" of Tadeusz Grabianka [since 1778/1779], or The Order of Illuminati, it is a Polish intelligence network created during the collapse of the Polish-Lithuanian State and it is a secretive intelligence and political organization working to rebuild independent Poland in conditions when the entire territory of the country was occupied by three hostile neighbors.

"...
Divonne [Louis de la Forest Divonne (1765-1838)] was a fellow initiate of the New Israel Society.

Furthermore, Lefort

[Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society
and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699) = Louis Le Fort, was born in Strasbourg, Alsace, France;
LOUIS - the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA -

was the son of Caroline von Falkenhayn LE FORT +
Pierre Frederic Le Fort, born in 1716, chevalier de l'Ordre militaire;

the grandson of Jean Le Fort, chevalier de l'Ordre de Saint-Alexandre Niefsky / the Order of St Alexandre NEVSKY, 1685-1739

(JEAN Le Fort was the Private Counselor of the King of Poland, Elector of Saxony),

married in BERLIN in 1715 to Frederique de SAINT-SAUVEUR

{Jean Le Fort

(the son of Isaac LE FORT, and Elisabeth Baulacre, his second wife),

born in 1685;
the Polish King, send him as his extraordinary envoy to Russia in ST PETERSBURG; Jean was the Knight of St. Alexander NEVSKY.
Died in Dresden in 1739. Married in Berlin on July 7, 1715 to Frederique Louise the daughter of Josue de Saint-Sauveur, Baron de Montbel, and Justine Philippine Elisabeth, Baroness de Loe,
of whom he had:
1. Pierre Frederic LEFORT / Le Fort;
2. Peter; 3. Peter second; 4. Peter 3rd, twins born in St. Petersburg}.

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society was the great-grandson of ISAAC LE FORT from GENEVE!]

soon took on the position of governor of the children of

Natal'ia Fedotovna Pleshcheeva (1765 -1855), the widow of Pleshcheev, who had died in early 1802.

We do not know the precise role of Pleshcheeva in the New Israel Society, but Grabianka did write at the time that the widow had 'rendered small services to me'.

A contemporary, Matvei Matveevich Muromtsev (1788-1879), also noted many years later that Pleshcheeva hosted Grabianka and that many meetings of the society took place in her home.

In 1804, Lefort also secured a position for d'Attigny as governess in Pleshcheeva's household.
Soon, however, d'Attigny appears to have retired from service and was able to take up residence in the home of

Mariia Antonovna Naryshkina (1779-1854) / NARYSZKIN,
the Polish mistress of the Emperor".

"...
In 1805, Simonin too secured a position as governor of the children of Pavel Petrovich Ushakov (1779- 1853) in the Mikhailovskii Palace.

Although Lefort left Petersburg in August 1806 in order to accompany Pleshcheeva and her daughter
to Lausanne,
Grabianka wrote that he had only been 'necessary until I arrived in St. Petersburg'.

We do not know whether Naryshkina or Ushakov were active members of the New Israel Society, but whatever the case they did help to provide a means for d'Attigny and Simonin to proselytize among the Petersburg nobility. ...".

"... Madame d'Attigny,
as she was one of the leaders of the sect who came to reside in St. Petersburg prior to Grabianka's arrival in the city.

It was precisely at the time that the Oracle began making ominous prophecies about the fate of Russia
that the society in Avignon initiated its first Russian:

Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802).

Pleshcheev's arrival in Avignon in the autumn of 1788 marked the culmination of something of an odyssey through France and Switzerland in which he sought out the foremost Illuminist sages of the era:
Saint-Martin in Strasbourg,

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730-1824) in Lyon, and

Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) in Zurich,
among others.

Pleshcheev, an officer in the Russian navy and a Freemason since at least 1776, was a close confidante of Grand Duke Paul and had helped plan for, and escorted the Russian heir on, his Grand Tour of Europe in 1781-1782.

Moreover, he
[Pleshcheev] journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg

(1736-1798;
the daughter of Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia b. 1719;
Friederike married Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732.

General Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg serving with Frederick the Great during the Seven Years' War. Frederick Eugene married Friederike Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, a niece of Frederick the Great, by whom he had twelve children:

Sophie Dorothea (1759 - 1828), married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia;
and Friederike Elisabeth Amalie (1765 - 1785), married to Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.

Peter OLDENBURG and Frederica became the parents of two sons:
August (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784), ie.
Paul Friedrich August, Grand Duke of Oldenburg; and
Duke Georg Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg.

GEORG OLDENBURG married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia.

GEORG's son was
Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg (1812 in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire - 1881 in St. Petersburg) was a Duke of the House of Oldenburg. "[copyright by Wikipedia] He was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as
grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I.
His great-great grandson, Nicholas Romanov, was the President of the Romanov Family Association until his death in 2014".

KONSTANTIN's daughter -

Alexandra of Oldenburg (1838, St. Petersburg - 1900 Kiev, Ukraine), m. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831-1891).

Konstantin's son -

Constantin of Oldenburg (1850, St. Petersburg - 1906 in Nice, France), married AGRAFINA JAPARIDSE / Agrafena Djaparidze, created Countess von Zarnekau.

See Armand - Konstantynowicz home in Moscow),

who was [Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg] herself initiated into the [Illuminati] society.

On November 4, 1788, Richardiere asked the Oracle whether Pleshcheev could joint heir union. The Oracle replied affirmatively. Consequently, Pleshcheev underwent an extraordinary nine-day initiation ... referred to as Mont Thabor - near Avignon. On the first day, Pleshcheev and members of the society ascended to the summit of the hill.
... Amazingly, the written records of
a conversation between Emperor Paul and Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1732- 1798), the last Polish king, which took place on September 15, 1797, suggest that Pleshcheev had indeed revealed a great deal about the New Israel Society to the Russian heir-apparent.

Paul describes in highly favorable terms to Poniatowski how he heard of the 'Avignon brotherhood' about 'eight years ago' and that 'they live very devoutly'.
He added that he was told that 'in 1800, after terrible earthly strife, a full peace will occur that will come from the North'.

Paul also confessed to Poniatowski that he was 'awaiting the advance of these great upheavals, which ... are near'. ...".

Pleshcheev, Sergei Ivanovich (1752-1802) wrote:
"Inscription of the journey of their imperial highnesses,
the great prince Pavel Petrovich and the empress Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna under the name of Count and Countess of the North".
Ed. in St. Petersburg and printed by the writer's dependency; under the Imp. Acad. Sciences, in 1783.

LOPUCHIN = Lopukhin / Lopukchin:

1.
Children of the second wife Zofia Lopuchin from 1860 and Prince Mikolaj / Nikolai Trubetskoy / Nikolaj Pietrovich duke Trubecki:
among others
born in 1862 Sergiej / Siergiej,
1863 Evgenij / Evgenii,
Marija / Maryna / Marina Trubecki b. 1877 - died 1924
and Maria born 1864 - died 1926 ('the second') married Kristi or Christi

(the husband of Maria Nikolaevna Trubetskoy from April 1, 1881 became a cornet of the Guard Hussar Regiment, Grigory Christie b. 1856 d. 1911; but she was only 17? In 1902 - 1905 G. / Jerzy Christie has successfully taken the post of governor of Moscow; June 14, 1882 in Uzkoje, his son Vladimir was born, d. 1946),

Grzegorz, and so on.

Webpage 'ru.rodovid.org' is informing only about 12 children but was 13, including two sisters from the first wife and son Pietr. Polish data base inf. only about the second wife of Mikolaj Trubecki! In 2011 I was writing on 13 children.

2.

DEKA founded in 1901 on 08 June, as the transformation of the company Duflon and Konstantinovich / Константинови& #1095;, which was founded in 1892 by Luis Edouard son of Frances Duflon / Louis Eduard Anton Duflon son of Francis Dyuflon or Lun Eduard Anton Duflon, born 1861, a Swiss citizen and Polish engineer - technologist Apollon W. Konstantinovich, the Russian citizen.

In December 1895 they bought the land in Lopuchinski Park in St. Petersburg.

This factory was opened December 14, 1896. At the beginning of 1897 the factory turned into the Association and soon the 'Deca' began to receive government contracts, in particular for electrical equipment for naval artillery.

Louis E. Dyuflon was graduated of Zurich Polytechnic and starting as an engineer at the factory of electrical products, he soon became the official representative of the French electrical company of Breguet / Brown in Russia, where he met with the engineer Apollo Konstantinovich / Константинови& #1095; - a representative of the same company in Moscow.

Edward Brown from London became a partner [see Tadeusz GRABIANKA in LONDON !], and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm; Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.

Lots of houses No 7 and 8 at Pavlov Street (Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street) in St Petersburg in 1895 bought L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon / Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren / Yu Dizeren and

(inf. about first names, father's name of Apollo(n) Константинови& #1095; and middle names need to be check, on Yu = Y. K., L. F. = Louis Edward, A. = A. V. / A. W.)

A. V. (A. W.) Konstantynowicz / A. Konstantynowicz for the electrical company

(since 1922 the Petrograd State Machine-Building Plant 'Electric'; in 1923, the factory designed the first Soviet welding generator).

The site houses No 9 and 12 Pavlov Street got the Prince of Oldenburg.

The house No 14 in 1909 - 1910: factory building for 'The Russian Society of the wireless telegraph and telephone', in 1923 created Central Radio Laboratory - here was located the center of the main domestic radio industry (L. Mandelstam, N. Papaleksi, D. Rozhanskii, V. P. Vologdin).

A note dated September 21, 1895 from the Ministry guarantees that the plant
'will be to have a free hand for quick ... execution of its most difficult and painstaking work...'.

Domestic firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' (Константинови ч) which was a representative of the French 'Sautter and Harle', under a contract of December 4, been making 11 sets of electric winches for battleship's elevators and to additional elevator for 'Rurik', winches ordered directly to firm 'Sautter and Harle' (the 'Rurik'-I keel was laid in the Baltic Works in St. Petersburg, May 19, 1890).

Fuller was an order given in March 1905 to the company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' immediately by 24 portable electric fans of 300 m / hr. 'Navarin' / Наварин, based on the British Trafalgar-class battleship, was built in St. Petersburg, 1889 to 1896;
in September 1893, as planned 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' factory was appointed date of move of 'Navarino' to Kronstadt for completion of equipment and accessories.

To build a 'Громобой' / 'Stormbreaker' ship in the new dock of the Baltic plant started on June 14, 1897, and on December 7 of that year this new cruiser called 'Gromoboi' was enrolled in the fleet; guns delivered from the Obukhov plant, and a winches from 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz company'.

The 'Duflon and Konstantinovich' Company Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, was situated at the Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8.

3.
The family of above Sophia Lopukhin:
a.
Alexander A. Lopukhin b. 1839, d. 1895, in 1867, assistant prosecutor at the Moscow District Court, from 1882 - Chairman of the Warsaw Regional Court.
b.
Mary A., died 1886.
c.
Sophia A. LOPUCHIN, b. 1841, d. 1901.
d.
Lydia A., b. 1842.
e.
Boris Lopukhin, b. 1844, d. 1897, the prosecutor of Warsaw.
f.
Olga LOPUCHIN, b. 1845, died 1883, married Andrew / Andrej or Alexander S. Ozerov born 1845, d. 1897 in St. Petersburg, Major-General,
managing of court of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich -

Alexander Mikhailovich Sandro, 1866-1933, Grand Duke,
was son of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich, b. 1832;

Sandro was Adjutant General, Admiral, Chief merchant shipping and ports (1902-1905), after 1914 he was in charge of aviation in the army; mason, a Rosecrucian.
g.
Emilie A. b. 1848.
h.
Sergey Lopukhin b. 1853, in 1906 he was appointed chief procurator of the Senate in St. Petersburg.

This Russian family LOPUKHIN had many contacts with Poland and Poles in prosecution positions and filling other positions. In Chroscina - ex the Congress Poland - on July 17, 1866 the Russian General Krasnokucki, as a reward for the suppression of the January Uprising, taken a palace and after his daughter - married Lopuchin / Lopukhin, also a general - was living here.

From the other hand we know from a work B. I. Mikolajewski, 'Azef. The history of the double traitor', Warsaw 1933:

"...In September 1908 he left Cologne on his way to Berlin,
Duke Alexei Alexandrovich Lopuchin - former director of the Tsar's Police Department.
... came to him an unexpected guest - Vladimir Burcew - known left-wing social activist, journalist and publisher. ... After the revolution of 1905 main attention devoted detecting tsarist secret political police, and above all ... its agents, who penetrated the ... revolutionary organizations. ... This time he wanted to get confirmation from Lopuchin of collaborating with the Tsarist police, then known party activist of the Socialist-Revolutionaries - Jewno Azef. ... Lopuchin in 22 years of age received a law degree at Moscow University and in 1886 has been included among those serving the Ministry of Justice. ... May 1902, he was then a prosecutor Kharkiv chambers...".

4.

Nikita N. Troubetzkoy

(in Russia, Professor Schwartz was the first chief of Russian Freemasons 1780 - 1783 but the true leaders of Freemasons were not where they are looking for; others 'leaders':
Prince Nikita Nikolaevich Trubetskoy,
Turgenev and
Lopukhin;
we don't know who is Prince Nikita Nikolaevich Trubetskoy).

But we know on:

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists. In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.

NIKOLAI was the father of
Peter Nikolaevich Troubetzkoy
and maybe of
Prince Nikita Nikolaevich Trubetskoy.

Named Peter Nikolaevich Troubetzkoy, 1773 - 1801.
Peter was the father of Анна Петровна Кожухова; Юрий Петрович Трубецкой; Grigory Petrovich Troubetzkoy and Елена Петровна.

This MARTINISTS Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.

Many of the members were the Russians:

Lopuhin Ivan {Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802), born in Moscow, the Russian vice admiral (1797), was the friend of I. V. LOPUCHIN},

Ivan Turgenev,
Kutuzov,
Tatishchev,
Chebotarev, etc.

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) had the brother Prince Yuri Nikitich Trubetskoy / Yuri Troubetzkoy, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Ivan V. Lopuhin / Lopuchin, wrote:
1. Spiritual Knight;
2. Some features of the internal church.

Above

Ivan Vladimirovich Lopukhin / Ива́н Влади́мирович Лопухи́н, b 1756, in the Oryol Governorate;
died in 1816, was an Imperial Russian philosopher, mystic, writer and humanitarian.
The son of Lieutenant-General Vladimir Ivanovich Lopukhin (1703-1797) and Evdokia Ilinichna Isayeva (1717- 1774), the daughter of Vice-President of the Commerce Board, Ilya Isayev.

The grandson of Ivan Petrovich Lopukhin, born in 1679 - d. 1734 in Moscow / Moskva.

The great-grandson of Петр Авраамович Большой "Лапка" Лопухин, acc. to geni.com was born in 1636 - d. in 1701.

And the great-great-grandson of
Avraam Nikitic Lopukhin, died in 1685

[Софья Алексеевна Трубецкая b. 1841, was the daughter of Aleksej Aleksandrovich Lopuxin / LOPUKHIN;
come from Aleksandr;
the son of Nikolai;
come from Nikita died in 1783,
the son of GAVRILA junior;
from Fedor and
from Gavrila older],

come from Никита Васильевич Лопухин.

Mentioned
Ivan Vladimirovich Lopukhin b. 1756, in Voskreskenskoye / RETIAZHI, at the KROMY county; Lopukhin joined the Preobrazhensky Lifeguard regiment in 1775. He retired as colonel; he was serving as a counselor and later court president on the Moscow Criminal court, 1782 and 1785.
"He was introduced to rosicrucianism, martinism and freemasonry through his friend Nikolay Novikov
and began a career as a writer and printer, while entering civil service. He became Senator in 1798".
In 1801, Tsar Alexander I asked Lopukhin to investigate complaints by the Doukhobors, his reports in 1802 leading to their resettlement on the Molochnaya River, along with other religious minorities.

Note:
Eudoksja Fiodorowna Łopuchina, m. in 1689 to Emperor Piotr I - his the 1st wife. Her grandson was Emperor Piotr II.

Piotr Łopuchin, 1753-1827, m. Jekaterina / Katarzyna Szetnew, 1763-1839.
Prince Pyotr Vasilyevich Lopukhin (1753 - 1827) was a Russian politician; he was president of the Council of Ministers from 1816 to 1827. Procurator General of the Governing Senate 1798-1799; General; Chairman of the Russian Council of Ministers 1816-1827; Duke.
The member of the MALTA ORDER.
The owner of PORCHOVO in the PSKOV governorate.
He married twice:
1. Praskovia Ivanovna, nee Levshina - their daughter
Anna was a mistress of Paul I of Russia.
2. Iekaterina, nee Shetnevoy (1763-1839).

He was the son of VASILI LOPUCHIN.

5.
Now brief note on the Uvarov family settled in Pskov.

Fedor Petrovich Uvarov had his cousin's nephew Sergei Uvarov Apollonovich (1847 in Tula, Kharkov and Tver);
Fedor Petrovich Uvarov [see below] was born on April 16, 1773 [or 1769] in the village Hruslovka in the Tula province.
He was married to Princess Maria Feodorovna Lubomirski.

His father was on trial and lived in St. Petersburg, the property was under arrest, and the Uvarov had to live with his mother in the village. In 1786, Fedor Petrovich was sergeant in the Life Guards Regiment. 1788 the captain of Sofia Infantry Regiment. 1790 he took part in military actions in Poland and again in 1792 and 1794. 1798 he received the rank of colonel.

He became a close friend of Ekaterina Nikolaevna Lopukhina, stepmother of the emperor's favorite, Anna.
In March 1798 he was transferred to St. Petersburg, 1800 he was appointed chief of the Cavalry Corps;
he had the Order of St. John of Jerusalem;
1800 - lieutenant general. Uvarov became one of the most closest friend to EMPEROR Alexander, accompanied him on walks and trips.


The Philalethes and the Illuminati - France, England, Russia and Tadeusz Grabianka, the leader of the ILLUMINATI:

A.

Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816)
was a French surgeon.

"In 1767 he founded a lodge of Illumines Theosophes, based on the anonymous writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. In 1774 he migrated to England.

In 1775 Chastanier and the Marquis de Thorn joined the Philalethes, a Masonic society founded by Savalette de Langes in Paris

[Charles-Pierre-Paul, marquis de Savalette de Langes, b. in Tours in 1745, died in 1797; he was captain of the national guards and
aide de camp of La Fayette.
He attends reformist clubs like the Valois club. Initiated in the lodge of the "Indissoluble Friends" in Lille in 1766, he is a member and co-founder of the "Les Amis Reunes" lodge, together with, among others,
the Vicomte of Tavannes,
Antoine Court of Gebelin,
Claude Baudard of Saint-James, the president of Hericourt,
and Prince Charles of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg.

He founded the Philalethes regime - martinism is the foundation of this new rite. This lodge welcomed Cagliostro, Mesmer, and Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin.

He also presided over the Philosophical and Masonic Congress of Paris, in 1785 and 1787.
Co-founder in 1783 to the revolution of the "The Olympic of the Perfect Estime".
Deputy of the Grand Orient of France for many years, first supervisor of the Chamber of Grades in 1782, he participated in the codification of orders of the French Rite.
The last philosophical convent of philaleths was in 1787.
Philaleths or philatelists which translates as: friend or seeker of truth; this regime of philosophical or mystical masonry was founded in 1773 by the Marquis Charles-Pierre-Paul Savalette of Langes in the Lodge "Les Amis Reunions". This ritual lasted until the death of its founder in 1797; it had such a representatives:
Saint Martin ,
the brothers Lavater,
Ferdinand of Brunswick
and Joseph de Maistre].

In 1776, Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816), founded Universal Society in London to disseminate Swedenborg's writing.
In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon".

Above
Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg (born in 1721, Wolfenbuttel - d. 1792, Vechelde),
was a Prussian field marshal (1758-1766). "... 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army in Western Germany which successfully repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover."
He also was a freemason, initiated in 1740 into the Lodge of The Three Globes in Berlin, and received the degree of Master Mason in 1743 at Breslau.

He was in the closest touch with Frederick the Great, who supervised the instruction of the guard battalion. Ferdinand was one of the most intimate friends of the king.
In 1759, "... Ferdinand retreated in the face of a French advance, but managed to check them with a decisive victory at the Battle of Minden. This ended the immediate French threat to Hanover, as the French army was in no condition to continue its advance".

Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick 1721 - 1792; Scottish Rite; he is the same Duke of Brunswick who was mentioned in Robison's secret Illuminati membership list; the patron of the Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot.
The Sabbatian Vienna Lodge of the Asiatic Brethren was founded by Jacob Frank's cousin, Moses Dobrushka, alias Von Schoenfeld.

The vocation to live a few pseudo-secret organizations, very fast , with extremely strange names and rituals, names dating back to the deep Middle Ages, causes the astonishment and even awakens laughter. In the course of 50 years each of these organizations tried to take control of the other [1740-1790].

The United Kingdom, Russia and France sent out for supreme positions in these organizations, his trusted men, too. Only the United Kingdom has been successful taking over control of the Scottish mysterious structures, but it was in the years 1790-1800.
A previously plan of mysterious brain was successful. From England broke away its colonies [without Canada] in the years around 1776-1785.

Blows from the inside hit in France and Poland [1780s] destroying the two countries; Poland disappeared from the map of the world for about 120 years, but France survived the chaos of the Jacobin revolution and Napoleonic wars.

It broke out a strange uprising in Russia, operettas and provoked, of the Decembrists, as if someone wanted to prove that Russia was not directed underground movements against Poland, Great Britain and France [and even earlier already against Bavaria; and later against the Papacy in Italy], and at the turn of the 19th and 20th century also against Turkey.

But it is Russia suffered the greatest benefits of the revolutionary turmoil in North America and France - but rather in the whole of central and Western Europe at the end of the 18th century.

Discussed below mysterious organization is nothing more than the 18-century intelligence agencies of a foreign power.

Today it is difficult to say who, what country, either a government, or an institution, maybe a NGO managed this complicated structure in the 19th century.
Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.

"...Lenin was preceded by a Swiss spy named Pierre Gilliard who was hired to tutor the Romanov children in French.
Charles Sydney Gibbes was their English tutor.
The Revolution was planned in London and Geneva... Both men were MI6 operatives (this is an opinion of Scrivener) and they could be relied upon to maintain strict secrecy as to the final fate of the Romanovs...", acc. to Patrick Scrivener.

But Bob Atchison wrote (Copyright 2011):

"...Pierre Gilliard - Thirteen Years at the Russian Court ... GILLIARD NOTE:
Ludendorff exaggerates the role of the Entente in the Russian Revolution when he writes:
'In March, 1917, a Revolution, the work of the Entente, overthrew the Tsar'.

The movement was supported by the Entente, but it was not their work.

Ludendorff shows well enough what were its immediate results for Germany. "The Revolution meant a fatal loss of military power to Russia, weakened the Entente and gave us considerable relief in our heavy task. The General Staff could at once effect important economies of troops and ammunition, and could also exchange divisions on a much greater scale."
And further on:
"In April and May, 1917, it was the Russian Revolution which saved us in spite of our victory on the Aisne and in Champagne" (Ludendorff, My War Memories, vol. II).

The Imperial train left Mohilev on the night of the 12th (March 1917), but on arriving at the station of Malaya- Vichera twenty-four hours later it was ascertained that the station of Tosno, thirty miles south of Petrograd, was in the hands of the insurgents, and that it was impossible to get to Tsarskoe - Selo. There was nothing for it but to turn back. The Tsar decided to go to Pskov to General Russky, the Commander-in-Chief of the Northern Front. He arrived there on the evening of the 14th. When the General had told him the latest developments in Petrograd the Tsar instructed him to inform M. Rodzianko by telephone that he was ready to make every concession if the Duma thought that it would tranquillize the nation.
The reply came: "It is too late."

To finish her work of destruction, Germany had only to give Lenin and his disciples a plentiful supply of money and let them loose on Russia.

Lenin and his friends never dreamed of talking to the peasants about a democratic republic or a constituent assembly. They knew it would have been waste of breath.

As up-to-date prophets, they came to preach the holy war and to try and draw these untutored millions by the attraction of a creed in which the finest teaching of Christ goes hand in hand with the worst sophisms ...
BOB ATCHISON NOTE:
In the previous paragraph Pierre Gilliard suggests that the Jews were responsible for the revolution.
Here he presents (Anti-Semitism) anti-semetic opinions that were widely held at the time.

While many Jews, who as a group had been disenfrancised from the Russian Empire, were active supporters of the Revolution, those who became Bolsheviks were agnostics or non-believers who most often found themselves oppressors of their own people, religion and culture...".

For Germany, England, France, and Poles and also for Baltic Germans, remained the hardest way - but also the way bringing the greatest benefits - take over the underground structures, when it takes on the momentum and becomes the might;
best to immediately take over the head of structure - the supreme authority of underground networks and the supreme command of Russian intelligence.

It had to be, however, protect from the rear - creating from the ground up a modern counterintelligence of the Tsarist Russia, by the Baltic Germans already infiltrated from Ireland and Scotland.

Objectives were clear - the overthrow of the Romanov dynasty and abridgment of Russia to the national core [1917- 1922]. The whole plan should have been conducted in Europe now plunged into chaos of war - it is the First World War [1914-1918].
So plan for dismantling of the colonial powers: England and France, ended with a defeat - and the same multi-level underground structure has become a tool of western intelligence services.

The conspiracy in Russia created curtains and protected from the beginning by the modern counterintelligence of the Tsarist Russia created by Benkendorff and Dubbelt from Estonia and Latvia - thanks to this major role in this system can be played a German families from Estonia.

They anchored (Fabian Pilar von Pilchau of Parnu) in Lithuania / Belarus and joined with families from Belarus: Piłsudski, Dzierzynski, Konstantynowicz and so on. Thanks to this connections the German Empire took over from the top of all this political system according to some theorists, and by others - the British intelligence.

This statement is not true, or not true fully. The main ally of Britain during the First World War was Russia, and the Romanov dynasty with its last tsar. This is confirmed by the organization of the Allied mission to Russia in January 1917 and earlier such a mission to Romania.

Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. Ireland fought then about freedom, just like the Poles. Scotland also fight, like Estonia.

In this ensemble, ready to act, entered Polish independence movement of Pilsudski, using additional family connections with the Baltic Germans, Irish and Scots.
This was the largest triumph of Poles in the period 1618 -2015 [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland].
Pilsudski never could let - during his life - destroyed of this work [1926], as his successor Marshal Rydz Smigly [1939-1941].
Greatest defeat suffered Poles in the years 1937-1945, and to this day is difficult for them to get up.

Of course, already other countries took a leading role in this web network in the 20th century; only suggests - USA, Great Britain, the Soviet Russia and Israel ...

Russia was the only country interested in depriving of England colonies in North America (1776), and in broken down of France from the core (1789).
Russia, which began the race for colonies in the Central and North Asia (the way to India and China), and America (the 18th cent. - Alaska, Oregon, California).

Russia in the second half of the 18th century began conquer of the Central Europe, including the destruction of Poland (1795) and Turkey.

Secret societies were the Russian (Freemasonry, Illuminati, Templars) best tools in infiltrating opposition against the monarchs of England and France (and against the Catholic Church). For Tadeusz Grabianka, in 1778-1807, the aim was to reverse this situation and take over the "head" of all Liberal-Masons movements.

We back to Frederick Duke of Brunswick:

Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick- Wolfenbuettel.
She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.

Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.

Of Frederick William III and Louise' four children, three married the brothers and sisters of Csar Alexander I.

Frederick William III's daughter, Charlotte of Prussia, married Paul's son, Emperor Nicholas I, who succeeded Alexander I, and who also belonged to the Order of the Garter.

Frederick's son Wilhelm I married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, the daughter of Nicholas' sister Maria Romanov.

A third child of Frederick, Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia, married Maria's Romanov other daughter, Marie Luisa Alexandrina von Saxe-Weimar.

Everything leads us to Russia.

This MARTINISTS Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.
Many of the members were the Russians:
Lopuhin Ivan {Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802), born in Moscow, the Russian vice admiral (1797), was the friend of I. V. LOPUCHIN},
Ivan Turgenev,
Kutuzov,
Tatishchev,
Chebotarev, etc.

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) had the brother Prince Yuri Nikitich Trubetskoy / Yuri Troubetzkoy, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

B.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia, born 1832, served 1862 - 1882 as the Governor General of Caucasia, being seated in Tbilisi.

Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, son of Jan Despot Zenowicz / Jan Despot-Zenowicz (b. ca 1800) was born in 1833 or 1835, education in France, he settled in the Caucasus, 1856 with the rank of titular counselor, served as an officer of the Caucasus Governor, the Baku District Court, was appointed by the Caucasus Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich b. 1832, the fourth son of Tsar Nicholas I, died in Cannes on 18 December 1909; the funeral was in Russia; Field Marshal.

Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia was partner of Countess Olga Kalinowska but she happened to be the mistress of Tsarevitch Alexander, the son of Tsar Nicholas I. Olga was pregnant by either the Tsarevitch or his father Nicholas I. On 10 October 1848 or in 1849 Olga gave birth to Prince Bogdan or Michael-Bogdan - Oginski by name and Romanov by gene.

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich had son

Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - Sandro / Sasho
who was a key figure in the development of the Russian air force;

Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro), b. 01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France. Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro): Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia, on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies.
Mason, and called himself Philalethes.
Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages: 1886 - 1889 made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals.

The brother of named above
Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich b. 1832, the fourth son of Tsar Nicholas I, died in Cannes on 18 December 1909,
was:

Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891), the sixth child of Emperor Nicholas I - married Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929) was the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).
His father was the sixth child to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798 - 1860).
Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
His maternal grandfather was a son of Duke George of Oldenburg and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Paul I of Russia and Maria Fedorovna of Wurttemberg.

Grand Duke Nicholas played a main role during the Revolution of 1905, from 1905 was commander-in-chief of the St. Petersburg Military District.

1907, Nicholas married Princess Anastasia of Montenegro, who reinforced the Pan-Slavic tendencies of Nicholas.
The Grand Duke had no part in the planning and preparations for World War I. The February Revolution found Nicholas in the Caucasus, next two years in the Crimean Peninsula, 1922, Nicholas was proclaimed as the emperor of all Russia.
Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich or Nikolay Nikolayevich Romanov (1856 - 1929) served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 - 1878 and was inspector general of the cavalry for ten years from 1895; was Commander in Chief of the Russian army during the first year of the First World War and, for the briefest moment, at the end of Tsar Nicholas II's reign.

"The first President of the United States, George Washington believed that the Illuminati intended to separate the people from their government in his letters in the Library of Congress. The original manuscript is on the Library of Congress website...", acc. to Greg Scott.

It was a global political network of the Russian intelligence [before 1789 and maybe to a certain extent after death of Tadeusz Grabianka in 1807] infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy:
Lenin and Inessa Armand, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.

On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.

Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.

The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities.

This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland].
Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.
Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands.
It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear. It works like clockwork.

Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.

The underground structure has clearly defined objectives at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries:

1. call up the chaos in Europe;
2. to bring the continental war;
3. overthrow of the Romanovs in Russia;
4. lead to anarchy in Russia;
5. starting the war between the invaders, who take away the Polish independence [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland];
6. pulling the western countries into the war, and in due time also America.

The network in the 18th to 21st cent. - overarching objectives are at the beginning of the 20th cent.:

1. Polish independence [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland],
2. The independence of the Baltic States;
3. The creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Tools to achieve these goals are:

1. The money from the Scottish, Jewish and American banks; revenue from the Mediterranean trade - Marseille, Greece, Naples, Crimea; and plantations in Ceylon and from the Asian trade - Ceylon, India, Japan;

2. the use of secret non-goverment organisations (NGOs) in Europe and America;

3. The creation of favorable underground structures inside the intelligence networks of Western Europe and American countries.

C.

General Charles Rainsford (1728 - 1809)
was a British Army officer. His uncle, also Charles Rainsford (died 1778), was deputy lieutenant of the Tower of London and used his influence to get him made second cornet in General Bland's 3rd dragoons in March 1744 ...
With his new unit he returned to England to face the Jacobite rising;
he was rising to major of brigade and colonel's aide-de-camp.
He then served as private secretary to Tyrawley, governor of Gibraltar (1756 - 1757) before returning to England again in 1760.

The following year he was given a company to command under Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick in Germany.

He was also elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1779.
He was also a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, a Rosicrucian, a freemason and a dabbler in alchemy.

In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon.

General Rainsford was affiliated with the Illuminati through the lodge of Amis Reunis at Paris, which corresponded with the Bavarian Masons.

Whether the Illuminati affair had a role in the history of the Order of Knights Templar in England is difficult to determine,
but by 1791 the latter had decided to end their quasi-separate status and put themselves under the direction of a leading figure within the Grand Lodge. This was Thomas Dunckerley, the provincial grand Master [see Br. Bystrzanowski + George Washington].

Thomas Dunckerley, acted in the Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons,
held at the Castle-Inn, Marlborough (1769) - at half way from Bristol to Reading.

William Wonnacott suggests Sibly may have first become acquainted with his future masonic patron Thomas Dunckerley (1720 - 1795) in Portsmouth.

Thomas Dunckerley known in 1766 and 1767 Chesterfield;
also he known Sir Edward Walpole - early in the construction on his new identity - to support Dunckerley's attempt to be recognized as GEORGE II's son.

Ebenezer Sibly was deeply involved in occult, but his brother Manoah SIBLY was the member of the Swedenborgian Theosophical Society; and was living in London like Swedenborgian minister.

Manoah SIBLY thus provided a tangible connection between
Ebenezer SIBLY / Ebenezer Sibley, and
the Swedenborgian enthusiasts Philippe de LOUTHERBOURG,
Peter Lambert de LINTOT and
Charles RAINSFORD
- and in ca 1776 to CAGLIOSTRO.
Above acc. to Susan Mitchell Sommers.

Thomas Dunckerley, a natural son of George II, was initiated into Masonry, in January 1754.
Acc. to 'HISTORY OF THE GRAND LODGE OF ENGLAND - 1723-60':
"... The first meeting of this Lodge, of which a record is preserved, took place, December 28, 1732. Present, the Master and Wardens, and seven 'members'.
No other titles are used.
Among the 'members' were George Rainsford [later of course]
and Johnson Robinson, the former of whom is described as Master, and the latter as Pass'd Master, in the minutes of May 18, 1733.

In summer 1783 Rainsford and William Bousie, an Anglo-French merchant, began corresponding with the Parisian lodge of the Philalethes, preparatory to the Philalethes convention in Paris in April 1785 to review the rites of many para-Masonic and esoteric societies.

Rainsford provided information on Emanuel Swedenborg, Baal Shem of London and the Kabbalistic symbolism of higher degrees.

He was then sent to be Robert Boyd's second-in-command at Gibraltar ...

"... By the end of the Eighteenth Century numerous enthusiasts for Swedenborg's reported experiences, and for some of his ideas, were to be found in England and in continental Europe.
... e.g. Benedict Chastanier and
Count Tadeusz Grabianka, fell into the New Church only to fall rapidly out of it,
others, Jacob Duche and
General Rainsford,
for example, kept their distance while maintaining their enthusiasm. ...

Richard Brothers, who had taken up Swedenborgian doctrines at Avignon with the Abbe Pernety / Pernetta, and Count TADEUSZ Grabianka.

Both Brothers and Grabianka attended meetings in London at the home of the Revd. Jacob Duche
who, while studiously avoiding a commitment to the New Church, encouraged the study of both Swedenborg and Jacob Boehme, the German mystic ...

Pernety / Pernetta established his Hermetic Rite of Freemasonry at Avignon in 1766,
but it did not contain Swedenborgian elements until Pernety returned from Berlin in 1785 and transformed his Rite into the Illumines d'Avignon.

They were joined by Count Grabianka, a confirmed Swedenborgian, who attempted to bring Pernety's Rite to London.
Here he might have expected support from a fellow mason and Swedenborgian, Benedict Chastanier ..."
- above under copyright by Robert A. Gilbert published in Things Heard and Seen, the Newsletter of the Swedenborg Society, London, No. 15 (Autumn 2004) pp. 44-51.

Below we have the details of the movements of underground in Europe in the period 1740-1790, which also reached North America.

The years 1740 - 1790, it's the beginning of the secret Masonic organizations in Germany, Ireland, France and Scotland, as well as in Russia, Poland, Austria.

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730 - 1824)
was a "French Freemason and Martinist
who played an important role in the establishment of various systems of Masonic high-degrees in his time in both France and Germany".
In Lyon he became Grand Master in 1761, also organized "Sovereign Chapter of Knights of the Black Eagle Rose-Cross", was admitted to first grade in the Order of the Elus Cohens at Versailles in 1767 by Martinez de Pasqually;

in the 1770s, he came into contact with Baron von Hund and the German Order of the Order of Strict Observance which he joined in 1773;

Willermoz introduced also at the Convention of Lyon the Regime Ecossais Rectifie (Rectified Scottish Rite), which combined Templar Freemasonry with the religious ceremonial of the Elect Coens;

he defended the place of Martinist currents in the rite;

"... he resumed his Masonic activities with a resurgence of the CBCS [the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City; in Lyon in 1778, constituted the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City] in 1804, and dedicated himself to this end until his death ... 1824".

The Rectified Scottish Rite,
"also known as Order of Knights Beneficent of the Holy City is a Christian Masonic rite founded in Lyon (France) in 1778".
It is derived from the Rite of Strict Observance erected in 1754, the foundation of which was attributed to Baron von Hund;
it propounded a theory that freemasonry was developed directly from the Crusading Templars;

the Rite was mainly elaborated by Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, including some items coming from the Elect Cohen Order and denying the Templar legacy.

The Elect Cohens,
or the Ordre des Chevelier Macons Elus Cohen de L'Univers / Order of Knight-Masons Elect Priests of the Universe / The Martinist Order of the Elect-Cohens, which issued from
the Traditional Martinist Order
i.e. of the Elus Cohen of Martinez de Pasqually, and of the Order of the Rose-Croix of the Orient;

the Elect Cohens, were a society of Cabbalists, organised on 'Scottish' Masonic lines, who were influenced by the Spanish Alumbrados / Sufi;

"...they were the first group to be called the Illumines, or Illuminati, though their relatively conservative views were diametrically opposite to the Bavarian Illuminati
... founded in 1765 by the Freemason Jacques de Livron Joachim de la Tour de la Casa Martinez de Pasqually, of Grenoble, France, the Order was initially only open to Master Masons, but later became more open".

"The system of the Strict Observance grew out of what is known as Templarism. Templar Masonry commenced to grow up in France soon after true Freemasonry was introduced.

This was about 1725.

However, no Grand Lodge was established till 1752. ...

The Hospitallers, known officially as Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, was founded at Jerusalem during the first Crusade. ...
Some of the Knights went to Russia and elected the Emperor Paul I Grand Master
... In England the Order was never formally suppressed, and in 1888 Queen Victoria granted it a charter. In 1889 King Edward VII, then Prince of Wales was made Grand Prior. ... The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, or, as it is otherwise called, Knights Templar, was founded in Palestine in the 12th century by the Crusaders. ...

The Rite of the Strict Observance is based on Templar Masonry.

Its founders claimed that all Templars were Masons ... The truth is that all Templar Masonry is descended from a Kadosh degree invented in Lyons, France, in 1743.

... Nevertheless, about 1740, various Rites, or degrees, of Scots Masonry, did spring into existence, followed shortly afterwards by Scots Mother-Lodges controlling systems of subordinate Scots Lodges. ...

In 1743 the Masons of Lyons invented the Kadosh degree, comprising the vengeance of the Templars, and thus laid the foundation for all the Templar Rites. It was at first called Junior Elect

... The Rite of Strict Observance was carried from France to Germany as early as 1749.

Von Bieberstein, as Provincial Grand Master, was succeeded at his death, about 1750, by
Karl Gotheif, Baron Von Hund, and Alten-Grotkau.
He was made a Mason in 1742. A year or so afterwards
he met at Paris Lord, Kilmarnock, who interested him in Templarism, and he was initiated into the Order of the Temple.
He was given a patent and directed to report to the Prov. Grand Master, Von Bieberstein, of the 7th Province in Germany. ...

We can trace
its beginnings back to Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scotland, in 1742 - 43.

Kilmarnock in Scotland was made a barony ...

In 1751 Von Hund began to give particular attention to the restoration of the Order of the Temple and evidently considered it his life work.

... In 1763 a fellow named Leucht, going under the name of Johnson, who had got hold of some Masonic papers relating to Masonry proper, as well as the high degrees, appeared at Jena where there was a Clermont Chapter practicing the Templar degrees in the Strict Observance system, and stated that he had a commission from the Sovereign Chapter in Scotland to reform the German Lodges and impart the true secrets of Masonry ...

An Order called the Clerics
turned up and it was supposed for a time that the lost secrets were with it. ...
This convention took place at Brunswick and was in session from May 23 to July 6, 1775.

... Baron Von Gugumos was at the Brunswick convention and told different members of it that they were all on the wrong track; that the Strict Observance was an imitation, or rather, only a branch of the true Order, and possessed none of the real secrets; ...

The Convention of Wiesbaden ... on Aug. 15, 1776,
with the consent the Prince of Nassau-Usingen, but without that of the Duke of Brunswick.
Among those present was the sovereign,
the Duke of Nassau;
also the Duke of Gotha,
the Landgraves Ludwig and George,
and many other nobles of lesser note. At one time there was not less than twelve reigning sovereign Princes of Germany members of the Rite of the Strict Observance ...

Baron Von Hund died on Oct. 28, 1776 ...

In 1782 the Rite of Strict Observance was reorganized by Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, who was elected Grand Master General.
The next year, however, the Lodge of the Three Globes of Berlin, with all of its subordinate lodges and the Hamburg Lodges, withdrew from the Strict Observance ...",
acc. to http://blog.templarhistory.com/ by Burton E. Bennett [born 1863 in North Brookfield, New York; 1887, United States, Attorney for Alaska].

D.

In 1785, Tadeusz Grabianka went to Avignon to the Avignon Illuminati Association and the alchemical laboratory created by Pernety.

He thought that - as the ruler of the New Israel - after taking control of the tsar's state and occupying Jerusalem - would become the Polish king.

"... He soon reorganized the sect under the new name (Kingdom of the New Israel), changing its structure, degrees, dignities, rites, ceremonies and rules, which gave him full power over it. Most of the followers were French, but there were also several Germans, Italians, Spaniards, two Englishmen and a Swede (Reuterholm, who in 1790 visited Grabianka, later king of Sweden, Karl XIII)".

In the circle of the King of New Israel, were:
1.
the daughter of Izabela Czartoryska (1746-1835) -
Maria Czartoryska Wurttemberg (1768-1854) with her husband, Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg (1756 in Trzebiatow - 1817);
2.
and Russians:

captain (then admiral) Sergei I. Pleszczew / Pleshcheev (1752-1802) with wife Natalia Fiedotowna;

Piotr I. Ozierow-Dierzawin (1778 ? -1843);

Nikolaj W. Repnin (1734-1801); Pleszczew / Pleshcheev, and Repnin were to leave the sect after about two years.

Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802).
Pleshcheev's arrival in Avignon in the autumn of 1788 marked the culmination of something of an odyssey through France and Switzerland in which

he sought out the foremost Illuminist sages of the era:
Saint-Martin in Strasbourg,

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730-1824) in Lyon,
and
Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) in Zurich,
among others.

Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg
married twice:
1.
Maria Czartoryska Wurttemberg (1768-1854)
with her husband, Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg (1756 in Trzebiatow - 1817) were the ILLUMINATI's member. MARIA was the the daughter of Izabela Czartoryska (1746-1835).

Maria Anna Czartoryski -
Duchess von Wurttemberg-Montbeliard - born in Warsaw on 15 March 1768, "daughter of Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, writer, political activist, patron of science and art and the famous Izabela Fleming. Initially, she grew up in the Czartoryski headquarters in Warsaw - the Blue Palace. In 1784 at the mother's initiative, she married Ludwik Wurtemberg-Montbeliard, a relative of the rulers German and Russian families. In 1785, they live in the palace in Trzebiatow, which they renew and keep a lively social life, although the marriage is unsuccessful. In 1793 - after the betrayal of the prince in the campaign of 1792 (as the commander of the Lithuanian army acted in favor of Prussia and Russia) - divorce. After the Wirtemberg divorce, she was most often in Warsaw, where she ran a literary salon (so-called blue Saturdays). In 1837 she settled in Paris at the house of her brother, Prince Adam Jerzy; she knew Adam Mickiewicz, and Frederic Chopin ...".

2.

Ludwik Wurtemberg-Montbeliard, married on 28 January 1797 to Henriette von Nassau-Weilburg, born on 22 April 1780 in Kirchheimbolanden.
Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg born on 30 August 1756 in Trzebiatow / Treptow an der Rega. He was the son of
Friedrich II Eugen von Wurttemberg born in 1732 in Stuttgart; and Friederike Dorothea von Brandenburg-Schwedt, born in 1736, d. 1798 - the ILLUMINATI.

Above
Pleshcheev, an officer in the Russian navy and a Freemason since at least 1776, was a close confidante of Grand Duke Paul and had helped plan for, and escorted the Russian heir on, his Grand Tour of Europe in 1781-1782.
Moreover,
he journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg (1736-1798), who was herself initiated into the society.

"On November 4, 1788, Richardiere asked the Oracle whether Pleshcheev could joint heir union. The Oracle replied affirmatively. Consequently, Pleshcheev underwent an extraordinary nine-day initiation ... referred to as Mont Thabor - near Avignon. On the first day, Pleshcheev and members of the society ascended to the summit of the hill".

Pleshcheev journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg

(1736-1798;
the daughter of Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia b. 1719;

Friederike married Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732.

General Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg serving with Frederick the Great during the Seven Years' War. Frederick Eugene married Friederike Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, a niece of Frederick the Great, by whom he had twelve children:
Sophie Dorothea (1759 - 1828), second, married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia;
and
Friederike Elisabeth Amalie (1765 - 1785), married to Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.

Peter OLDENBURG and Frederica became the parents of two sons:
August (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784), ie.
Paul Friedrich August, Grand Duke of Oldenburg; and
Duke Georg Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg.

GEORG OLDENBURG married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia.
GEORG's son was
Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg (1812 in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire - 1881 in St. Petersburg)
was a Duke of the House of Oldenburg.
"[copyright by Wikipedia] He was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. His great-great grandson, Nicholas Romanov, was the President of the Romanov Family Association until his death in 2014".

KONSTANTIN's daughter -

Alexandra of Oldenburg (1838, St. Petersburg - 1900 Kiev, Ukraine), m. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831-1891).

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929) was the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).
His father was the sixth child to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798 - 1860).

Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Konstantin's son -

Constantin of Oldenburg (1850, St. Petersburg - 1906 in Nice, France), married AGRAFINA JAPARIDSE / Agrafena Djaparidze, created Countess von Zarnekau.
See: Japaridse - Saparov - Armand - Konstantynowicz home in Moscow).


Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. It used French families located in Switzerland, Ceylon, France, Russia. Scottish and Irish families combined to Naples and Marseille, Ceylon, Odessa and Japan; Russians, English and Pilsudski entered by Japan to Ceylon; parallel from Odessa the Zionist movement came out founding a base of the state of Israel. Odessa has paired their to Berezino, Ireland - Japan - Ceylon.

And the whole system took over the movement of Germans from Estonia, and underground combat movement of Pilsudski, combining the objectives of the independence of these two states: Poland / Lithuania / Belarus + Estonia / Latvia, and as I wrote above Israel. Then they created a counterintelligence and intelligence of new Bolshevik Russia and the USSR. It already was a masterpiece, but totally wrecked by Stalin in 1937 - have to say that in this case, Stalin was a genius.

At the end part of that intelligence system of Soviet Union took over the colony by building its so-called People's Polish Republic and the Ministry of Defence, through affinitized of the Konstantynowiczs: the Jaroszewicz, Spychalski, Zarako Zarakowski families and friendly Swierczewski family. Interesting in all of this is the use of Frenchmen to the creation of this system, most moved on the Konstantynowiczs - not so completely. This is the connection: Waclaw Sieroszewski a colleague of Azbelev, who was in Nagasaki - his brother is a director of the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz; so, the Nobel family with Sydney Reilly, an Irishman and a Jew from Odessa - this is the same family of Nobel, where the brother of above-mentioned was the head of the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - this is short way to the Swedish Enigma! Waclaw Sieroszewski of course was mate to a brother of Jozef Pilsudski - Bronislaw, which of course anchored in Nagasaki, and then here sailed Reilly. One very interesting figure - erased from history: Nikolay Russel / N. K. Sudzilovskiy / Sudzilowski from the Mscislaw district.

It's amazing that the October Revolution in 1917, which swept the Russian Empire, allowing the reconstruction of Poland, broke out just on the anniversary of the death of Tadeusz Kosciuszko, exactly the 100th anniversary of his death, and around Lenin appeared figures of the Polish nobility, which adopted a sense of the Kosciuszko Polish patriotism.

"Instead, after the fall of Napoleon's empire in 1815 he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I in Braunau. In return for his prospective services, Kosciuszko demanded social reforms and territorial gains for Poland, which he wished to reach as far as the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east".

On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.
Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.

The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities. This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland.

Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.

Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

Jozef Piłsudski, Walery Sławek, Witold Jodko-Narkiewicz were 'collaborators' of military intelligence service of Austria - Hungary, with nickname "Stefan" since 1908; co-operated Aleksander Prystor, Gen. Bolesław Roja, Jozef Beck, Gen. Edward Rydz- Śmigły, and Gen. Kordian Zamorski. Pilsudski in 1904 collaborated with Japan intelligence; Captain Joseph Rybak took care on Pilsudski, placing a group of agents in paramilitary organizations in Galicia, described as "The Informer R". Jozef Pilsudski was dismissed from the Austrian army in September 1916. Brigadier General Wlodzimierz Zagorski was born in 1882 in France. He grew up with his brother in Germany. In 1900 joined the Austrian army. Eleven years later, he began to work for "K-Stelle", 1914, as a captain, he was Chief of Staff Headquarters of the Legions. Formally, was the head of Jozef Pilsudski, who gave him the reports. Cooperation was not the best. When the Japanese-Russian war broke in 1904, Pilsudski decided to use the conflict for the Polish cause, get technical and material help for Polish irredentist aspirations. Japanese will give us the money to buy weapons and facilitate its reception in Hamburg, and we will collect them messages about the movements of the Russian troops sent to the East. These relations were surrounded by the biggest mystery. Only Pilsudski, Jodko, Filipowicz and Stanislaw Wojciechowski knew of them over one and a half year (April 1904 - October 1905).

Pilsudski had its plans to create in Galicia conditions for the military training of volunteers in the event of war between the aggressors and would create Polish troops fighting against Russia and would become the reborn Polish Army personnel.

In 1908 in Lviv, Cpt. Gustav Iszkowski teamed up with the Pilsudski movement. Probably by the end of 1908 Pilsudski spoke with the chief of the Intelligence Census Bureau, Maximilian Ronge. Then probably come to an agreement to organize the grid intelligence and sabotage against Russia in exchange for allowing the activities of the independence movement. In March, 1909 representatives of the Census Bureaus conferring with Pilsudski, Jodko and Slawek in Vienna. The project is called intelligence operation Informer R, directed the same Ronge - hidden it even from his own intelligence apparatus. The management of the organization called The Informer R were Jozef Pilsudski, Valery Slawek responsible for ongoing contacts with the representative of the interview, Captain Joseph Rybak; and Witold Jodko-Narkiewicz. By the end of 1912 Pilsudski organization might only auxiliary information.

Witold Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz, b. 1864 in Słuck, d. 1924 in Warsaw, nickname A. Wroński, Jowisz, diplomat; his parents: Witold Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz, b. 1834 - d. 1898 (probably son of Onufry) and Maria Sokołow - Skwarcew b. ca 1842. His father was ophthalmologist. Witold Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz member of the Social-Revolutionary Party Proletariat since 1889, and Polish Social-Revolutionary Party Proletariat / as II Proletariat, or Small Proletariat established in February 1888 and operated for March 1893. From January to July 1885 he studied medicine at the University of Dorpat / Tartu, Estonia; he came to Warsaw, then in September 1885 he went to Lviv, expelled from Austria, 1886, he studied in Wurzburg, and then in Paris, graduated in 1889; London next; collaborator of the Centralization Social-Revolutionary Party of the Proletariat. In 1892 co-founder of the Polish Socialist Party.
Jodko-Narkiewicz counted on the war between the aggressors and on ​​an armed uprising against Russia.
Above
Witold Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz, born on 23 Dec. 1834 in Pukow in the Ihumen district,
died 1898 - Bobownia; Onufry Jodko - Narkiewicz was living in Pukow. Pukau / Pukowo / Pukow, at present: Komsomolskaja, a few km west of Sunaje and Kisiele;
north-west of Truchanowicze and Gresk, Anufrovichi and Anufri, north of Kondratowicze; south-west of Marina Gorka. In 1870, to the Минская губерния, the Игуменский уезд, in the Пуковская волость; Pukowo / Пуков is situated south-east of Tatury / now Charitonowka, and Kutschinka, east of Starica, Sloboda, Dumitshi; north-east of Kopyl. North of Sluck.
Janina Wiktoria Jodko-Narkiewicz, b. 1869
in Warsaw / Warszawa, was daughter of Witold Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz from Pukow.

The Polish well-off proprietors in the Ihumen (Cerven) district in the second half of 19th cent. was the Jodko family in landed properties Malackowszczyzna, Pukowo and Onufrowo / Anufri.
Gardening in estates of the Ihumen district: Kuchcice, Tolkaczewicze, Malackowszczyzna, Pukowo, Cieplen, Smilowicze and Rawanicze.
In Pukow is a church, in the 16th cent. to the Puk / Пук family; 17th cent. to Olelkovich / Олельковичь and Radzivill / Радзивилл family; at the beginning of the 18th century to the Neuburg / Нойбург family from German taken from Boguslaw Radziwill / Богуслав Радзивилл, because his daughter Людвика Каролина / Ludwika Karolina Radziwill married to Karl Filipp Neuburg / Karl III Philipp von der Pfalz / Carl Philipp, b. 1661 in Neuburg; that is he married on August 10, 1688 in Berlin to Princess
Ludwika Karolina Charlotte Radziwill of Birze, daughter of Bogusław Radziwill, from this marriage four children were born: Leopoldine Eleonore Josephine, Maria Anna, Elisabeth Auguste Sophie m. Joseph Karl von Pfalz-Sulzbach.
At Пуково / Pukowo in 1731 wielded the earth Franciszek Drucki-Lubecki / Франтишек Друцкий- Любецкий. In 1744 again to the Radziwill family, but at the beginning of the 19th cent. Dominik Radziwill / Доминик Радзивилл lost Pukowo, now Pukowo and Bobownia to the Narkiewicz - Jodko / Наркевич-Иодко;
in 1846 to Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz / Томаш Наркевич-Иодко, Catholic. 1857 new church; close to Пуково (now Komsomolskaja) is Кондратовичи and here in 1862 was the second church;
Ksawery / Ксаверий was son of above named Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz, and he bought from Wojnillowicz / Войниллович the Lopuchi estate / Лопухи, 3 km of Pukowo / Пуково; a father of Edward Wojnillowicz / Эдвард Войниллович - Adam was proprietor of above Lopuchi.
Estate of "Оттоново" to Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz / Онуфри Наркевич-Иодко;
Jakub Jodko-Narkiewicz / Якуб Наркевич-Иодко has the Nadnieman / Наднеман estate;
Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz / Наркевич- Иодко has son Otton Jodko-Narkiewicz, in 1840 owner of 'Ottonowo' court that is a farm of Chaniczewo / Ханичево, and the Малысковщина Наднёманом / Malyskovshtschina 1848.

Jodko-Narkiewicz owner of the 'Ottonowo' court that is a farm Chaniczewo / Ханичево, and the Малысковщина Наднёманом / Malyskovshtschina in 1848. Наднёман was property of

Jakob Jodko - Narkiewicz son of Otton Jodko - Narkiewicz, biologist, meteorologist, physicist and electrician, lived 1848 - 1905;

next owner Konrad Jodko - Narkiewicz, son of Jakob, in 1921 moved to Cracow;

next of kin Kristian Narkiewicz - Lein is living now in Chicago.

Наднёман is located north of Kopyl, near by Piasocznaje, south-west-south of Uzda, and north-west of Pukowo. Ханичево / Атонава / Калінаўка or Оттоново / Ханічава is located north-west of Pukowo, south of above Наднёман, near by Piasocznaje.

Above mentioned Jodko-Narkiewicz in Pukowo ca 80 km west of Osipovichi and north of Sluck. See near by:

1. Manuel Jaroszewicz in Sluck A.D. 1666;

2. Michal Zbieranowski born Berezino in 1882 son of Jozef Zbieranowski and his wife Zofia nee Witkowski, after Bobrujsk, Sluck and Riga / Ryga 1899 - 1904;

3. Gedymin Jerzy Bulhak b. 1856, m. 1892, to Aldona Dzierzynski, he died 1908, lived in Mickiewicze. His grandfather Chryzostom Stanislaw Bulhak b. 1789, m. to Antonina Bulhak, estates: Ostrowek, Burdziewicze, Kozlowicze, Nowy Dwor close to Sluck! His mother Franciszka Lowicki and father Jerzy Onufry Bulhak, b. 1749; grandfather: Florian Stanislaw Bulhak.

Aldona Kojałłowicz Bułhak nee Dzierżyńska, 1870 - 1966, had son Antoni Bułhak b. 1898.
His wife Wanda Bułhak nee Juchniewicz from Cezary Juchniewicz and
Maria Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska, b. 1873.
She was daughter of Jozef Wincenty Piotr Piłsudski, b. 1833; and her brother was Jozef Klemens Piłsudski b. 1867.
The second son of above Aldona: Rudolf Bułhak b. 1895.
Sister of above Aldona: Jadwiga Dzierżyńska-Kuszelewska / Hedwig / Jadwiga Kuszelewski (1871 - 1949) + Konstanty Kuszelewski - Prawdzic (1857 - 1922). Her son: Jerzy Kuszelewski, 1895-1939.
Rudolf Bułhak b. 1895, his brother Antoni Bułhak born 1898;
Antoni Bulhak died after 1970, was one of the aides of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and husband of Wanda Kadenacy, niece Marshal (mistake!?).
After the invasion of the Germans in Poland in September 1939, he was taken from Warsaw to its assets in the Suwalki region:
Pilsudski wife - Alexandra / Aleksandra Szczerbinska and her daughters, her sister and their cousin Anna.
Jozef Klemens Pilsudski + Aleksandra Szczerbinska has daughter Jadwiga Jagoda Pilsudska married to Andrzej Jaraczewski
(Andrzej Jaraczewski / Andrzej Antoni Jaraczewski, nickname Andrew, b. 1916, d. 1992, a Polish Navy lieutenant, the Zaremba coat of arms. In 1944 he married Jadwiga Piłsudska, an Air Transport Auxiliary pilot and daughter of Marshal Jozef Piłsudski.
They had a son, Christopher Joseph / Krzysztof Jozef, and daughter, Jane Mary / Joanna Maria, who married Janusz Onyszkiewicz);
they had daughter Joanna Jaraczewska / Jane Mary / Joanna Maria, married to Janusz Onyszkiewicz / Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz born 1937.
Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz was born Dec. 1937 in Lwow m. 1st to NN 1933-1967, and m. 2nd Joanna Jaraczewska b. 1950.
Zofia Kadenacy nee Piłsudski, b. 1865 was sister of Jozef Klemens Piłsudski; her husband Bolesław Kadenacy (1845 - 1918), her daughter
Wanda Kadenacy + Antoni Bulhak, b. 1898 (mistake!?), the aide-de-camp of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski.
We need check this genealogy!
Anthony George Bułhak / George Bulhak (using his middle name) / Jerzy Bulhak / Antoni Jerzy Bułhak, a Polish citizen, the son of Gediminas and Aldona, the house Dzerzhinsky, was born in Zawołoczyce, on March 3, 1898;
married Wanda nee Juchniewicz, born in Vilnius, March 8, 1901, the daughter of
Caesar and Mary nee Pilsudska.
The marriage was April 11, 1923 in Vilnius.
So, we are thinking, Antoni Jerzy Bułhak / Antoni Bulhak, the aide-de-camp of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski, had wife Wanda nee Juchniewicz.

Above mentioned Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz was born Dec. 1937 in Lwow / Lviv; a Polish mathematician and politician. 2007 until 2009, he served as the Vice-President of the Foreign Affairs Committee in the European Parliament. Minister of Defence under Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka, and again from 1997 until 2000 under Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek. 1984 - 1986 member of the Warsaw University Senat; his parents:
Stanisław Onyszkiewicz and Franciszka Cencora b. ca 1910;
he was older child;
we know on Karol Mościcki + Maria with Franciszka vel Maria Mościcka + Onyszkiewicz with children: Jerzy Onyszkiewicz d. 1939 in Zamość and Maria Onyszkiewicz + Handzel.
Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz was born Dec. 1937 in Lwow m. NN 1933-1967, and m. 2nd Joanna Jaraczewska b. 1950, with Danuta, Wanda, Witosława, Andrzej, and Stanisław Onyszkiewicz.
Above named Stanisław Onyszkiewicz, born 1910 and Franciszka Cencora had one child?
But Stanisław Onyszkiewicz, 1906 - March 1989, was born to Tomasz Onyszkiewicz and Katarzyna Mucha. Stanisław had one brother Kazimierz Onyszkiewicz. Stanisław married Franciszka Cencora in 1936, at age 30. He had 2 children: daughter married to Bogobowicz.
We know on Tadeusz Stanisław Onyszkiewicz b. 28 Apr. 1906 in Lwow, d. 21 Nov. 1989 in Zamośc, doctor, son of Stanisław Onyszkiewicz and Agata Keller. 1946 in Zamośc. He had older brother Edwarda and sister Jadwiga, He had children: Tomasz (Lublin then) and Jerzy (Warsaw then) b. 1940, and Andrzej b. 1941.

4. Zofia Bulhak daughter of Hipolit Bulhak / Булгак Софья Ипполитовна b. 08.09.1886, Колесницы / Колесничи of the Копыльски р-н., south-west of Marina Gorka, south-east of Uzda, north of Sluck; d. Nov. 1937.

5. The Konstantynowicz family: Вязовница that is Wiazownica / Viazovnica, west of Swislocz (see Szostak family), north - east of Osipovichi; west of Berezyna river; south-east of Grodzianka (see Marian vel Jerzy Konstantynowicz); and Фортуны - here lived (also Чайковский Петр Николаевич, Чайковская Раиса Петровна / Raisa Czajkowska and the Томкович / Tomkowicz family) parents of Marta nee Konstantynowicz (grand-daughter of Daniel Konstantynowicz / Daniil Konstantinovich): Константинови ч Матвей Даниилов and Уршуля (Ирина) Адрианова - Urszula Irena daughter of Adrian, moved from Snustik (here also Antoni Tatur / Антон Иванович Татур in 1795), the Igumen / Ihumen county.

6. The Bulhak family: Ліпень (Халуі) / Липень (Холуи) / Lipień (Chołuje) / Lipień (Chałui) or Халуйцы / Халуйск / Холуйск / Chołujce or Lipen / Lipien, at way from Osipovichi to Svisloch, south-west of Swislocz, and north-west of Bobruisk.

7. 1867-1913 I. Bulhak (?) or Bulgak purchased (1861) from Lipovskii, villages Kamionka or Matseevich; Насыцк near by Talka, south-east of Marina Gorka, north-west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze, near by Kamienka / Kamionki. And above Камионки or Kamienka close to Talka, north-west of Osipovichi.

8. Hieronim Bulhak son of Stanislaw Bulhak / Булгак Героним Станиславович b. 1855 in Сутин or Sucin, 11 km south-west of Talka, and ca 26 km west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze; was living in Дворище to 1937.

9. Булгак Викентий Игнатьевич b. 1902 in Побоковичи - 15 km west of Bobruisk; south-east of Osipovichi (I check my mistake), close to Osovo, Stavishche, Protasievichi, near by Poplawy, Derevcy, Dubrolevo; killed 1933.

10. Bulhak family in 1870 in the Minsk government, Sluck district, the Lanska area - Kosmowicze; Kosmowicze / Kosmowiczi - close to Pukielevshcina, Bychovshcina, Tshanovici, north of Kleck, south of Niezviz / Nieswiez, near by Osmolowo, Lan, Leonowiczi.

11. Konstantynowicz, Wiesielowo / Veselovo village in the Osipovichi district, Mogilev region;

12. Konstantynowicz in 1894, Spustik village, the Igumen County; Byelorussian, individual farmer, lived in the Osipovichi district, Yasenovka / Jasieniowka;

13. Szymon Bułhak b. ca 1660 / 1680?; 1686 Nowogrodek, owner of Ostrowka close to Mir, Janowszczyzna near by Iwieniec, Nowodworek, Osipowszczyzna, Nacz, Puszcza Moszukowska, Domatkanowicze close to Kleck, Połoneczka by Dzwieja. Mikołaj Bułhak b. circa 1670 / 1695?, son of Benedykt Bułhak and Eufemia, husband of Katarzyna and Marianna, father of Florian Stanisław Bułhak ca 1695 - 1745?

14. Julian Bulhak / Yulyan Bulgak bought land in the Igumen district in 1859 - the estate Matseevich / Matsevichi / Mateevichi from the landlord Lisowski
(of Bulhak in 1867-1913); the estate Bluza (Bluza close to Poddiegtiarnia, north-west of Talka, ca 26 km north-west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze / Asipovichy, and west of Lipien of Bulgak / Bulhak family)
from hands of Sophia Prosor / Zofia Prozor - Swietorzecka / Sventorzhetski, owned in those places.

The Prozor family was near by to Malkiewicz - Horodecka Izabela.


The Martinism Order / the ILLUMINATI - de Saint-Martin - Tadeusz Grabianka and the Troubetzkoy- Konstantynowicz branch:

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists.
In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate [see inf. on Tadeusz Grabianka and the Polish King Stanislaw August Poniatowski].

This Martinists Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.

Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Genealogy 1:

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) was the son of
Nikita Yurievich Troubetzkoy, born in 1699 in Moscow;
the grandson of
Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668
[see below about Yuri Troubetzkoy born on April 20, 1668, died on September 8, 1739 + Elena G. Cherkassy / Cherkassky];
the great-grandson of
Юрий Петрович Трубецкой / Jerzy Trubecki b. in 1630 in Poland.

Genealogy 2:

Piotr Troubetzkoy (1798-1871), Prince, General of Cavalry, Smolensk and Orel governor and his father:
Ivan Trubetskoy born 1760 and was died in 1843,
his grandmother Tatiana Kozlovskaya / Kozlowska and
his grandfather Nikolai Trubetskoy died 1782.

Parents of Nikolai Trubetskoy:
Ivan Yu. Troubetzkoy b. 1703 d. 1744 and Maria Yakovlevna Glebova;
his grandparents:
Yuri Troubetzkoy born on April 20, 1668, died on September 8, 1739
[see above on Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668] and Elena G. Cherkassy / Cherkassky.

Prince Arseny Karageorgievich / Karadjordjevic b. 1859, d. 1938, was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888;
served until 1916 to the Russian military, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army, participated in the Russian-Japanese War and in the First World War;
the pretender to the Serbian throne, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion;
the friend of Drzewiecki, Duflon, Breguet in St Petersburg
(see: Potapov in Montenegro; the Azbelev / Azbelew family, and the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Petersburg; Nagasaki and Bronislaw Pilsudski, Volpi; Neuchatel in Switzerland).

Arseny was the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia.

A wife 1891/2 - 1896 of Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:
Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev;
her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov;
her grandfather Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy, born 1826,
her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804;
her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy, b. 1760, died 1817;
her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich, b. 1731, died 1812

[his father was
Nikita Yurievich Troubetzkoy b. 1699;
the grandfather - Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668;
the great-grandfather was Юрий Петрович / Jerzy Trubecki, b. 1630 in Poland, died in 1679 in Moscow].

Note to above

Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731:

Mentioned above
Prince Nikolay N. Trubetskoi (born 1744), a mason 1776, colonel, that is Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj who was also an ancestor of the Estonian - Polish branch of the Trubecki family, born 1744.
He has brothers:
1. Piotr Nikitich Trubeckoj, born 1724, Prince and senator;
2. Sergiej Nikitich Trubeckoj b. 1731
- his son
Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj b. 1760, and here are our old relatives from Georgia

[Peter Sergeevich Troubetzkoy / Trubetskoy, b. 1760 died 1817, married Darya Alexandrovna Gruzinskaya, the branch Bagration of Mukhrani from the Royal Family, died 1796];

his grandson
Prince Sergei Petrovich Trubetskoy / Trubeckoj / Trubecki born 29 August 1790, died 1860 was one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement and was a freemason of course.

Above
Nikita Petrovich Troubetzkoy born on August 18, 1804:

Sophie / Sofia Bagration-Mukhrani Iraklievna (born 1850? or 22 Jun 1851 - 8 Oct 1932) married in 28 Apr 1876 to Pr Sergei Nikitich Troubetzkoy (22 Jun 1829 - St.Petersburg 14 Jun 1899).

Father of Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich born 1829, was:
Nikita Petrovich Troubetzkoy born on August 18, 1804;

brothers and sisters of Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy:
1. Peter Petrovich Troubetzkoy b. on August 23, 1793;
2. Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy b. 1790 married to Katherine Laval;
3. Elizabeth Trubetskaya b. 1796 m. Potemkin;
4. Aleksandr Petrovich Troubetzkoy b. 1792 + his wife Louise Rostsishevskaya / Luiza Rozciszewska.

Parents of above Nikita Petrovich Troubetzkoy born on August 18, 1804:
Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy and Marfa Petrovna Kromina or Kramin - his second wife after 1796, because Princess Darejan or Daria Aleksandrovna Gruzinskaya died 1796, when she was married to Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy / Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj (1760-1817).

Peter S. Troubetzkoy, b. 1760, died 1817, was the son of
Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich, b. 1731, died 1812

[his father was
Nikita Yurievich Troubetzkoy b. 1699;
the grandfather - Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668;
the great-grandfather was
Юрий Петрович / Jerzy Trubecki, b. 1630 in Poland, died in 1679 in Moscow].

Note to Konstantynowicz - Troubetzkoy:

The CONSPIRATOR - Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria. His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house:
Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.

Maria Trubeckoi / Duchess Maria Troubetzkoy / Mary Trubecki was born 1835 / 1840 / 1850. Duchess Maria Troubeckoy married Konstantinovich
- genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl; Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.

We remember that named Maria Kalinowska in 1840 moved back from St Petersburg on Krakow / Cracow, with all family.

Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki. That is married to Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy, b. 18 November 1773, died 16 November 1801.

Grigory / Grzegorz Trubecki was the son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy / Prince Petr Nikolaevich Troubetskoy born 18 November 1773 and died 16 November 1801 and Nadezhda Ivanovna Pestov / nee Pestova born 1793.

Above Prince Пётр Николаевич Трубецкой / Petr Nikolaevich b. 1773 and d. 1801 had parents:
mother Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Czerkasskaja / Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Tcherkassky, and
her husband Николай Никитич Трубецкой / Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj b. 1744 and d. 1820 / 1821, writer,
who was son of
Prince Nikita / Ники́та Ю́рьевич Трубецко́й (1699 - 1767, for 3 years as head of the Military Board with the rank of Field Marshal General).

Above Prince Nikita [born in 1699] 7 months after the death of the first wife, married the widow of Major Matthew Kheraskov -
Anna Danilovna, daughter of Prince Daniel DRUCKI-SOKOLNICKI;

Anne Danilovna was primarily married to major Matvey Andreyevich Kheraskov. Above Даниил Андреевич Друцкий- Соколинский died 1752.

Above named Анна Даниловна Друцкая- Соколинская (Хераскова, Трубецкая) died 1780; she had son born in 1744 in Moscow - above Николай Никитич Трубецкой 3rd, 1744 - 1820/1821.
The family had 8 sons Yuri, Nikolai, Alexei, Nicholas, Nicholas II, Alexander, Alexander II, Basil, and 5 daughters: Anna, Maria, Elena, Elena II, Catherine. Of the 13 children, 6 died in infancy.

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists.
In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.
This Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc. Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Prince Nikita was the son of
Юрий Юрьевич Трубецкой (1668 - 1739), Russian statesman, privy councilor, senator
[see above on Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668!].


Below on the Wrangell family of Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland:

Reinhold Johann von Wrangell (1721 - 1767) was living in Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland; 38 km south to Saue and Saku.

Brief explanation to
Sophia Marianna (Sophia Andreevna) Princess Trubetskaya, b. 1795, the daughter of Andreas Weiss junior [Sergei / Andreas Otto Georg von Weiss b. 1760] and Anna Marie.

Andreas was the father of
1.
Gustav Johann Alexander von Weiss [Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss m. in 1820 in Warsaw to Josephine nee Mercier];
2.
Sophia Marianna (Sophia Andreevna) Princess Trubetskaya;
3.
Andreas Franziskus von Weiss;

4. Clemens von Weiss
and 5.
Katharina Antoniette von Weiss.

Alexandrova MERCIER was married to Weiss, the brother of Princess Trubetskoi. Josephine WEISS, together with her husband, left for France, her health required a milder climate. The couple settled in Nice, where on April 5, 1824, Josefina died.

Her son Pavel Konstantinovich Aleksandrov, Adjutant-General, was married to the lady-in-waiting Princess Anna Aleksandrovna Shcherbatova.

Named Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss / Alexander Sergeevich WEISS (1782-1845) - Vilnius police chief, since 1818 the adjutant of Konstantin Pavlovich in WARSAW, captain, later colonel, major general, was a member of the Masonic lodge "Temple of Permanence";
the second time he was married to the Baroness Anna Elizabeth Wrangel.

Josephine WEISS -
Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824; she married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss.

Her stepson Constantine Reinhold von Weiss b. 1839 d. 1917;

her grandson Aleksandr von Weiss b. 1870.

The life of Josephine / Josephine Friedrichs, born Mercier was full of romance adventures for the first time when she was 14 years old!
She was born in 1778 or ca 1780 in Paris in the family of artisan Mercier. Very young Josephine entered the service in the fashionable Parisian store of Madame Boudet de Terre / Mrs. Budde de Terre. "Juju", as everyone called her, at the age of 14 she gone to England.
After spending four years in one of the London boarding houses, the next two years, Josephine lived with her patron, who then suddenly died without a will, and not marrying her. Josephine, in 1798, met in London a German [married him ca 1803] who came from Russia, who was called Colonel Baron Alexander von Friedrichs, a wealthy landowner from the Baltic region; in fact - Eustache Ivanovich Friederichs (about 1772 - after 1834), the son of Revel's bourgeois. Her husband back to Russia, leaving his wife temporarily in London. Josephine decided to go to Russia in 1805 to St. Petersburg. Here she learned that Friedrichs was a simple courier who had recently traveled to England with the dispatches of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs! She was welcomed by an old acquaintance, Mrs. Budde de Terre, who now lived in Petersburg and had a fashion store! She went to her shop in the manager's office.
Soon Alexander Friedrichs returned from the Caucasus and persuaded Josephine to return to him.
After living with him for two years in poverty [1806-1807], in a rented small apartment, she decided to divorce him.

Josephine met Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich [1807].
Josephine found a lover, friend and patron: in 1807, she divorced her husband and settled in the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, and in 1808 she had a son named Pavel Konstantinovich Alexandrov.

Mentioned Aleksandrov Pavel Konstantinovich / Aleksandrov Pavel K., Adjutant-General, son of Grand Duke Konstantin / Constantine Pavlovich and Ulyana Mikhailovna Aleksandrova / Josephine Fridriks / Ulyana Mikhailovna Alexandrova / Friedrichs Josephine, was born 1808.
Godfather was the Emperor Alexander I.

His mother Josephine Friedrichs nee Mercier b. 1778 - d. 1824; 1805, she arrived to St. Petersburg, as an actress, in search of her husband. In London she married to Colonel Alexander von Friedrichs, a personal aide-adjutant Emperor! She found her husband and divorced. Constantine Pavlovich / Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov met her 1807; in 1816, she taken name Juliana M. / Ulyana Mihajlovna Alexandrova.

In 1820, Juliana M. married Colonel Weiss.

Her son Alexandrov in 1829 was appointed aide-adjutant to His Imperial Majesty, and in 1831 took part in the war against the Polish insurgents. 1846 - a major general; 1855 was appointed adjutant- general, and 1856 lieutenant general. Alexandrov Pavel Konstantinovich / Aleksandrov Pavel K. married in 1833 to Shcherbatov, Princess Anna Alexandrovna; Pavel K. Alexandrov died 1857.

Ulyana (Josephine) Mikhailovna Aleksandrova, nee Mercier, m. Friderichs, in the second - Weiss (1788 - 1824). According to the memoirs, Josephine was charming.
In 1815, Josephine followed, along with her 8-year-old son, to Warsaw, where she lived with KONSTANTIN in the same house.
Josephine began to be called Ulyana Mikhailovna Alexandrova, in Warsaw, but at this time Konstantin Pavlovich fell in love with the young Polish countess Jeanette Grudzinskaya (1795-1831) and Countess Anna Potocka wrote on this love in her memoirs.

Shortly before his marriage (May 27, 1820) Konstantin Pavlovich took care of the future fate of Josephine.
On March 22, 1820, she married his adjutant, Colonel of the Guards Regiment, Alexander Sergeevich WEISS.

We back to Wrangell:

Anna Elizabeth Wrangel -

Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss was married 2nd [here was my mistake] to Anna Elisabeth von Wrangel / Anna Elisabeth Wrangell b. 1804, 1st time in 1820 married to Josephine le Mercier or Lemercier b. 1778 d. 1824;
his children:
Nikolay von Weis b. 1833,
Alexandrina Elizabeth von Weiss b. 1837,
Constantine Alexandrovich / Konstantin Reinhold von Weiss b. 1839,
Alexander Karl Clemens / Alexander Alexandrovich b. 1840.

Anna Elisabeth von Wrangel / Anna Elisabeth Wrangell Betsy b. 1804. Marriage with Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss b. 1792; her children: Nikolay von Weis b. 1833, Alexandrine Elizabeth Delingshausen b. 1837, mentioned Konstantin Reinhold b. 1839, and last Alexander Carl Clemens b. 1840 d. 1921. She died 1875 in Uchten.

Her father Georg Johan von Wrangell from Uchten (1760 in Reval - 1836, his brother Karl Magnus von Wrangell);

grandfather Reinhold Johann von Wrangell (1721 - 1767) from Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland;

great-grandfather Karl Johann von Wrangell b. 1691, by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.

The modern name of the village Uchten (NE Estonia) is Uchtna. Uchten in Kirchspiel Wesenberg, Wierland. The manor, first mentioned in 1489; Uhtna is a small borough in Rakvere Parish, Laane-Viru County, Estonia. Close to Kohala.

Anjou, Peter, 1796 - 1869, received the name Pyotr Fyodorov Anjou. In 1844 Anjou assigned the rank of Rear Admiral, he was appointed captain of the port of Kronstadt.
Pyotr Anjou / Pyotr Fyodorovich Anjou, was an Arctic explorer and an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. Pyotr Anjou / Piotr Fyodorovich Anjou b. 1796 or 1797 in Vyshny Volochyok, near Tver.

Peter Anjou married a young widow Xenia Ivanovna 1807-1870, whom he met in the family of Peter Ricord, countryman of Toropets.

His son Peter Anjou, younger, sailed on the frigate Pallada,

his grandson was the captain of the first rank and the commander of the squadron, who brought the France to sign a treaty between France and Russia in 1909 [the ILLUMINATI plot].

But the first of Anjou in the 1750s was a watchmaker. The Anjou family built in Moscow a house, between 1740 and 1750.

Admiral Peter Fedorovich Anjou, was the great friend of Wrangell. Admiral Pyotr Fyodorovich Anjou / Piotr Fyodorovich Anjou / Peter Fedorovich Anjou born 1796 / 1797 - the great friend of Wrangell - an Arctic explorer, born in Vyshny Volochyok.

Vyshny Volochyok, located close to Borkovo, ca 80 km north of Torzok; 85 km north- east of Kuvshinovo; 140 km north-west of Tver.

Baron Ferdinand Friedrich Georg Ludwig von Wrangel / Ferdinand Petrovich Vrangel also was born 1796 / 1797 in Pskov, died in Dorpat in Estonia; was a Baltic German explorer of Alaska.

Petr Fedorovich Anzhu, on 23 May 1820 with Wrangell, via Moscow, Irkutsk, the Lena, Ust-Yansk, traveled to New Siberian Islands. Anjou was involved in exploration in 1825 - 1826, with Friedrich Rembert von Berg, to Aral Sea.

The Anjou family in Russia: In XVIII century many foreigners were arriving from the West to Russia. The Anjou family came from the southern France, Aix-en-Provence, 35 km north of Marseille; and 26 km north [it was error - 16 km] of Aix is located Le Puy- Saint-Reparade.
80 km south-east to the ILLUMINATI estate!

WRANGEL Georgy. He was born in 1876. Baron

(his great-grandfather, Abram Petrovich Hannibal and

his father, Michael G. Wrangel, mother Charlotte P. nee Korf).
Brother Michael Vrangel / Mikhail Wrangel.

Georgy graduated from the Imperial Alexander Lyceum. From 1901 - District Commander of the 2nd section of the Peterhof County, 1907 - District Commander of the 4th section; married to Marianne Lvovna Wrangell nee Golicyn / Galitzine. After the revolution, remained with his family to live on the farm, on February 21, 1918 shot at the front of his mother, wife and four young children. A day later, the body was buried in the village near Raskulitsy Church.

Michael G. Wrangel, married Charlotte P. nee Korf - ie.
Charlotte Pauline Anna Natalie von Wranfell / Wrangell, 1848 - 1919.

Daughter of Paul Lorenz von Korff and Anna Charlotte Sophia

{Paul Lorenz von Korff, Baron von Korff, b. 1803 / 1804, in SALA, Ingermanland, died in 1867 - Warschau / Warsaw;
was the son of Johann Nikolai Rudolf von Korff of Sala, b. 1765;
the grandson of Joseph Nicolaus Kasimir Korff b. 1741;
the great-grandson of Johann von Korff of Warazalli, b. 1712
[+ Antonia Maria (Antoinette) von Unruh, b. 1721, the daughter of Sebastian von Unruh - see below ! - ie. Georg Sebastian von Unruh = JERZY Unruh, ca 1666 - 1723];

the great-great-grandson of Philipp Nicolaus von Korff of Warazalli b. 1676, d. 1732}.

Charlotte Pauline Anna Natalie von Wranfell b. 1848, was the wife of Michael von Wrangell, b. 1836,
the son of
Hans Georg Herman (Egor Ermolajevich) baron von WRANGELL, b. 1803 in Riga;
the grandson of
Carl Hermann baron von Wrangell, b. 1773 in Uchten, d. in 1821, Riga;
the great - grandson of
Hans Hansson von Wrangell b. 1727, d. 1774, buried in Reval;
the great-great-grandson of
Hans Wrangel, of Ludenhof, b. 1690, d. 1754 in Reval;
the great-great-great-grandson of
Georg Gustav Wrangel of Ludenhof, b. 1662 in Reval. Son of Hermann Wrangel of Ludenhof.

Note to named Sebastian von UNRUH:
ie. Georg Sebastian von Unruh = JERZY Unruh, ca 1666 - 1723.

August Poniatowski, sold Kobylka to the governor of Kalisz, August Sulkowski.

Duke Sulkowski sold in 1772 named Kobylka to Count Aleksander Unruh / Unrug, 1704 - 1773, the son of Jerzy Von Unruh = Georg Sebastian von Unruh and Anna Helena.

Aleksander UNRUH b. 1704, was the husband of Helena Beata Oppeln Bronikowska Unruh, and Joanna Krystyna Charlotta, the daughter of Zygmunt Fryderyk Troschke de Rosenwerth.

Aleksander Unruh was the father to Fryderyk Sebastian Unrug. Fryderyk Sebastian Unrug 1734 - 1802.

And now on above Fryderyk Sebastian UNRUH:

Tadeusz UNRUH was the son of Henryk Kajetan Unrug

(von Unruh / Unrug - importance in Poland, Kargowa; Heinrich Kajetan Moritz Henryk von Unruh = UNRUG (1791-1849 !) that is Henryk Kajetan = Kajetan Unruh died 1884 [? - mistake; this is date of deat of his wife !] -

Henryk was the son of
Fryderyk Sebastian Unrug 1734 - 1802 {Unruh sold Miedzychod in 1785 to Adam MIELECKI};

grandson of Aleksander Unrug / von Unruh, 1704 - 1773

{Aleksander had a brother Krzysztof who bought Trzciel and Wytomysl. Aleksander Unruh bought Kobylka in 1772 from hands of Duke August Sulkowski, who had this estate after August Poniatowski.
Kobylka is situated close to Wolomin. Here was a mint - compare the Illuminati - more below !};

the great-grandson of Georg Sebastian von Unruh = JERZY Unruh, ca 1666 - 1723

{Sebastian Unruh / JERZY Sebastian Unruh bought Kargowa; Jerzy born ca 1666, had a brother
Christian von Unruh = Christoph von Unruh, of Pieske, born ca 1666, d. 1723, the owner of Pieski / Pieske near Miedzychod, and Nowy Gorzyck = Nowe Gorzycko. Christoph was the father of Sophie Catharina von Unruh, and Urszula Marianna Brudzewska};

the great-great-grandson of Aleksander von Unruh, of Bauchwitz born in 1628

{Aleksander had a brother Krzysztof founder of KARGOWA, b. 1624, d. 1689, the official in WALCZ and in GNIEZNO; Krzysztof had a son Jerzy 1652-1710, the official in POZNAN and WALCZ})

and his wife Anna Kurnatowski (died 1884).

Note to above royal mint:

King Stanislaw August Poniatowski and August Moszynski became interested in the outstanding magician and alchemist. In 1764 de Toux, shortly before Poniatowski's electorate, at Poniatowski's expense, left to Paris to continue his education in alchemy and kabbalah.

The patrons of Lukasz de Toux de Salverte were the king and Moszynski, Fryderyk Bruhl and Eliasz d'Aloy, who also gave him some funds.

King's alchemical love was shared by Moszynski. It should be emphasized that thanks to his natural passions, Stanislaw August Poniatowski was elected a member of the Royal Society. So the company was gathered together. Moszynski, at the behest of the king, introduced him in 1768 a large memorial, 10-pages on Hermetic Art and arranged an alchemical workshop in the Ujazdowski Palace, together with friends Toux de Salverte and Freemason Sololhub / Sollohub in 1769 and 1770

[ie. Count Jan Michal Dowojna-Solohub - the brother of JERZY SOLLOHUB - 1747-1812. Jerzy Dowojna-Sollohub, Councilor of the Permanent Council; was living 1751-1777].

There they did various experiments, and Moszynski, as the director of the Warsaw mint, ordered to mint the ducats in alchemical gold.

Count Moszynski, thoroughly acquainted with chemical processes, managed the physics cabinet funded by the king in the Warsaw castle and was an active member of the Physical Society founded in 1777.

From the beginning he referred to Cagliostra with distrust and even hostility. The performance of the Italian magician and the ILLUMINATI promised to be extremely interesting.

He undertook experiments on an elderly Toux de Salverte, which Stanislaw August became extremely interested in and he prepared a philosophical stone for transmutation of metals into gold.

Count Alessandro di Cagliostro (1743 - 1795) was the alias of the occultist Giuseppe Balsamo.

A fascinating account of Cagliostro's exploits in Mittau is provided by Charlotta Elisabeth von Recke (1754-1833), the daughter of Friedrich von Medem, a prominent Courland aristocrat and Freemason.

Von Recke was among one of three women (along with her aunt and cousin) who were admitted into Cagliostro's mixed lodge on 29 March 1779.

According to von Recke, Cagliostro had persuaded the city's Masonic grandees, including her father and Count von der Howen ...

Cagliostro's entrance into Petersburg society had been brokered through Masonic connections, as Count von Howen wrote a letter of introduction to Baron von Heyking, a fellow Courland Mason
... the German Rosicrucian Mason Baron G. Schroder, recorded in his diary that 'Elagin wanted to learn from Cagliostro how to make gold'.

Apparently, the latter wanted the necessary ingredients to be sent from Poland ...
The narrator also states that Cagliostro had previously carried out alchemical experiments in Poland, in the company of Prince Adam Poninski (1732-1798).

Mentioned above
Sophia Marianna von Weiss b. 1795, died in 1848; the daughter of Sergei Andreas WEISS 1770-1814 [Andreas junior / Sergei / Andreas Otto Georg von Weiss b. 1760]. Sophia married Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776.

Princesse Maria Alexandrovna Troubetzkoy b. ? [ca 1860] and married Vladimir Feodorovitch von der Launitz / Launitz von der V. F. / Vladimir Fedorovich b. 1855, d. 1906

(the family from Grobin - Eduard Schmidt von der Launitz b. 1796 - and Riga - Robert Eberhard Launitz b. 1806),

Major-General in 1905, graduated from Page Corps school in St. Petersburg in 1873, the Russo-Turkish war of 1877 - 1878, vice-governor of Arkhangelsk, Tambov governor, December 1905 the chief of St. Petersburg administration, address - state apartment at 6 Admiralteysky Avenue;
his son Feodor Vladimirovitch von der Launitz b. 1899.

Father of above Maria:
Alexander Troubetzkoy born 14 July 1813, d. 17 April 1889, General Major,

grandfather Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776 by wife Sophia Marianna von Weiss, b. 1795.

Alexander Troubetzkoy, born 14 July 1813, General Major,
his parents:
Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776, died in 1841, and mentioned Sophia Marianna von Weiss b. 1795;

above Alexander married 24 November 1852 to Marie Eugenie Gilbert de Voisins / Voisin b. 1835, and his children:
Margarita Troubetzkoy b. 1857 and
Alexei b. 1866.
And above Princesse Maria Alexandrovna Troubetzkoy b. ? [ca 1860], married Vladimir Feodorovitch von der Launitz / Launitz von der V. F. / Vladimir Fedorovich b. 1855.

Above Vassily's mother - Elena Nesvizky / Helena Nieswiz b. 1746 died 1831 and his father Serguei / Siergiej Troubetzkoy died 1782,

grandfather Alexey TRUBECKI born 1700 and grandmother Anna Naryshkine b. 1704;

great-grandfather Youri Troubetzkoy by wife Elena Tcherkasskaia / Tcherkassky
(children: Nikita b. 1699, above Alexey b. 1700, Ivan born 1703, and by second wife Olga Golovine - Dimitri born 1724).

Above named Margarita Troubetzkoy born 14 October 1857 - but not Maria - married to Marie Christian LABROUSSE de BEAUREGARD, d. 1911,
and his parents: Bertrand Christian Labrousse de Beauregard and Cecile de Mones d'Elbouix.

Above mentioned Nikita Yurevich Trubetskoy born May 26, 1699 in Moscow, and died on October 16, 1767, his cousin Prince Dmitry Yu. Troubetzkoy (1724 - 1792).

Piotr Troubetzkoy (1798-1871), Prince, General of Cavalry, Smolensk and Orel governor and his father:
Ivan Trubetskoy born 1760 and was died in 1843,

his grandmother Tatiana Kozlovskaya / Kozlowska and his grandfather Nikolai Trubetskoy died 1782.

Parents of Nikolai Trubetskoy:
mentioned Ivan Yu. Troubetzkoy b. 1703 d. 1744 and Maria Yakovlevna Glebova;
his grandparents:
Yuri Troubetzkoy born on April 20, 1668 died on September 8, 1739 and mentioned Elena G. Cherkassy / Cherkassky.

Georgiy TRUBECKI born 1866 died 1926 - general lieutenant,

the grandson of Jurij Ivanovich Trubetskoy died 1850,
great-grandson of Ivan Dmitrievich Trubetskoy 1756 - 1827,
named IVAN was grandson of above named
Jurij Jurievich Trubetskoy 1668 - 1739.


Malta, Naples / Napoli and Cagliostro - Jozef Sulkowski; Adam Poninski and Cagliostro:

The Order of St. John / the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem "first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria. It evolved from a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s and moved to Britain in the early 1830s, where, after operating under a succession of grand priors and different names, it became associated with the founding in 1882 of the St John Ophthalmic Hospital near the old city of Jerusalem and the St John Ambulance Brigade in 1887".

The Knights Templar / The United Religious, Military and Masonic Orders of the Temple and of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes and Malta, is a fraternal order affiliated with Freemasonry.
"Unlike the initial degrees conferred in a regular Masonic Lodge, which only require a belief in a Supreme Being regardless of religious affiliation, the Knights Templar is one of several additional Masonic Orders in which membership is open only to Freemasons who profess a belief in Christianity".
"It is known by varying degrees of formality as the Order of Malta, or the Order of Knights of Malta, or the Ancient and Masonic Order of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta. In practice this last and fullest version of the name tends to be reserved to letterheads, rituals, and formal documents".

In 1774, in Poland was established the Grand Priory of the Order of Malta, headed by Prince Adam Poniński.

In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte setting off on the Egyptian campaign took Malta and the Order was exiled.

Above
Adam Poniński b. 1732, was the Speaker of Parliament from 1773 to 1775, and the Prior of the Priory of the Polish Order of the Knights of Malta. In Poland were two 'komandorie' (Commanderies).

The Order of the Knights of Saint John, also known as Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, and the Hospitallers, were among the most famous of the Roman Catholic military orders during the Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic order was further damaged by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. By the early 19th century, the order had been severely weakened by the loss of its priories throughout Europe. Only 10% of the order's income came from traditional sources in Europe, with the remaining 90% being generated by the Russian Grand Priory until 1810. This was partly reflected in the government of the Order being under Lieutenants, rather than Grand Masters, in the period 1805 to 1879, when Pope Leo XIII restored a Grand Master to the order. Copyright by Wikipedia.

The Russian Emperor, Paul I, gave the largest number of knights shelter in St. Petersburg, an action which gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitallers and the Order's recognition among the Russian Imperial Orders.

The refugee knights in St Petersburg proceeded to elect Tsar Paul as their Grand Master - a rival to Grand Master von Hompesch until the latter's abdication left Paul as the sole Grand Master.
In 1834, the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since.

Michał Radziwiłł Red (1870 - 1955 in Santa Cruz de Tenerife) was a nobleman and diplomat in the embassy of the Russian Empire in Paris. He was also a Knight of Malta. He was born to Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Pelagia Sapieha; his great grandfather was Prince Anton Radziwill and his great grandmother was Princess Louise of Prussia (1770 - 1836).

Above Ferdynand Fryderyk Radziwiłł (1834 in Berlin - 1926 in Rome), was also a Knight of Malta since 1889; father of Janusz Franciszek, Michał Radziwiłł Red, Karol Ferdynand; son of Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł and Leontyna Gabriela von Clary und Aldringen. 1874-1919 member of Reichstag.

Above Janusz Franciszek Ksawery Jozef Bronisław Maria Radziwiłł 1880 in Berlin - d. 1967, 1935 - 1939 senator; was also a Knight of Malta since 1926 as President.
Stefan Przezdziecki, Rajnold Przezdziecki; Alfred Chłapowski, too.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich, having a rather large estate in Igumen County [IHUMEN], made ​​a career of the noble service in native county, had friendly relations with the most influential families of the county: Wankowicz, Konstantynowicz, Osztarp, Moniuszko, Jelski, Pruszynski, Slotwinski, Janiszewski;
he hold positions of cornet in the Igumen county (1802-1804), chairman of the Igumen county court (1804-1805), Marshal of the Igumen county (1805-1808).
He got quite rare in those days, the Maltese Order of St John of Jerusalem. He became a member of the local Masonic lodges, which was very popular and common in those days - "Vladislav Jagiello" and The Peace Room / 'The shrine room'.

Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Francis Servatius Hutten-Czapski b. 1851, d. 1937, in 1890 negotiated with Pope Leo XIII end of the Kulturkampf in Germany; he was friend with the Cardinals of the Vatican; persuaded the German general staff to support the Bolsheviks (1916 - 1917) and in the independent Poland (since 1918 - 11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland) was the president of the Polish Association of the Knights of Malta.
His father
Jozef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 / Joseph Napoleon Hutten-Czapski: November Uprising 1831,
on December 14, 1831 on the English ship sailed to (January 1832) Ireland, to Dublin; the Masonic lodges friends obtained for him a French passport in the name of Joseph Chapman at the beginning of 1833;
1833 - 1837 Czapski traveled from Paris to Switzerland, where he and others young revolutionaries founded 'Young Europe' on April 15, 1834, including the Young Italy, Young Germany and Young Poland. Also he traveled to Italy, Algeria, Spain and London; acc. to H. Koziel, in 1841 he went on a false passport as an Irishman O'Brien to Germany to Munich, Augsburg and Frankfurt.
The republican conspirator, a close collaborator of Giuseppe Mazzini.

Bogdan Hutten - Czapski had met on a secret intelligence mission with the family of Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Hutten-Czapska in 1892 in Belarus.
Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Czapska / Countess Hutten-Czapska, b. 1894 in Prague, died in 1981, Maisons-Laffitte,
was the granddaughter of
Emeryk Czapski / Emeric Hutten-Czapski of the family who had a huge estates from Radziwill, around Minsk, in Curland, Lithuania and Volhynia.

Ferdinand Radziwill of the Polish Knights of Malta, has come after Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, an old friend of the Prussian court and military.


My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century.

Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878.

Compare three dates:
1.
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.

2.
1870, Brown of London - takes over the Breguet company [below];

3.
and the letter of 1871 from Albert Pike to Mazzini.


1767 or 1768 - J. A. von Stark / STARCK has established a new sect, which grew out of Clirici Ordinis Templariorum / Clerics of the Knights Templar.

Von Starck was in 1761 initiated into a French freemasonry lodge at Gottingen / Getynga [south to HANOVER] but left for St. Petersburg in 1761, while teaching in St. Petersburg [1761-1765 and in 1768], Starck had met a Greek by the name of Count Peter Melesino / Melissino, 1726- 97, a lieutenant-general in the Russian Imperial Army, and whose order of freemasonry claimed the clerics of the Templar Knights.

Then Starck traveled to Paris in 1765 and obtained a position at the royal library; back to Germany, in Wismar (1766-8).

Starck promoted the clerical brand of Templarism
[see: in France in 1749; in 1750 in French Brittany; see
Count Belford who had flown from Scotland to Russia;
in Ireland 1750/1760 or since ca 1758-1760; on 24th June 1758 in Tipperary at Lodge No 296 (see below) with Sir Chas. A. CAMERON;
Berlin in 1760;
in Ireland in 1765 - Sir Edward Gilmore]
and in 1768 joined it to movement of Karl Gotthelf von Hund (1722-76), a union formalized in 1772.

Starck helped found a Strict Observance lodge at Wismar (1767),
returned to St. Petersburg in 1768, presumably on freemasonry business, back in Konigsberg in 1769 where he lived next door to Immanuel Kant.

1769 - in Boston, New England, was established the Provincial Grand Lodge, under the auspices of Scotland.

BELFORD:
Inf. by STARCK in 1809-1815:

"... in St Petersburg in 1763, Starck made the acquqintance of the Last Grand Master of the Templar Order, named a SOLE aureo in the Magister Ordinis' list.
This was Count Belford who had flown to Russia after the Scottish rebellion, a man aged about sixty, then affected with gout, who lived at the house of Grand Chancellor VORONCOV and was supported by him".

Compare -
General Belford died in Ireland aged 71, in Woolwich Warren in 1780. He was fighting in 1741 in Carthagena. Then under Duke Cumberland. He had 2 sons.

The Freemasons in Russia in the 18th century - remember on
Roman Larionovich Vorontsov [inf. in 1762], and Count G. G. ORLOV / Count Orloff.

Above G. G. Orlov:
Grigori Ivanovich Orlov (b. 1685) m. Ljukeria Ivanovna Zinoviev (b. 1710) and had issue:
1. Ivan, in 1762 as Count Orlov (b. 1728); m. Jelisaveta Feodorovna Rtistschev;
2. Grigori, younger, in 1762 - Count Orlov, 1763 Furst von Orlov in Holy Roman Empire (b. 1734); m. 1776, Jekaterina Nikolaevna Zinoviev. Named above
GRIGORI ORLOV, younger, had a son by Empress Catherine II of Russia, ie. Ct Alexis Bobrinsky, d. in Bogoroditsk in 1813;
m. in 1796 to Anna Dorothea von Ungern-Sternberg.

"Alexei Grigorievitch Bobrinskoy, born in 1762 in Saint Petersburg; Count. Natural son of Catherine the Great and Grigori Orlov, secretly born in the Winter Palace at St. Petersburg and secretly raised at an estate in Bobriki until ... 1781 when Catherine wrote him a letter acknowledging her maternity. He was made a Count of the Russian Empire by his half-brother Emperor Paul III ... promoted to General-Major. He married Baroness Anna Dorothea von Ungern- Sternberg. Died at his estate at Bogoroditsk near Tula".

Roman Larionovich Vorontsov was born in 1717 [1707 ?], d. 1783.
He was married to Marfa Ivanovna Surmina.

Count Semyon Romanovich Vorontsov [born in 1744 in Moscow, died in 1832 in LONDON !] was a Russian diplomat - Vorontsov's parents were Roman Larionovich Vorontsov (1717 - 1783) and Marfa Ivanovna Surmina (1718 - 1745);
married Catherine Siniavin, with the daughter
Catherine Countess Vorontsov, b. 1783/1784, d. 1856

[Countess Ekaterina Semyonovna Vorontsov / Woronzow, the daughter of Semyon Vorontsov, the Russian ambassador in the Great Britain from 1785 [until 1806; he died in 1832 in London];
Ekaterina was the sister of Prince Mikhail Vorontsov, Viceroy of New Russia and Caucasus (1782-1856 in ODESSA).
She was a niece of Princess Dashkova, a friend of Catherine the Great and a conspirator in the coup d'etat against Emperor Paul III / Peter III and put his wife on the throne].
By Wikipedia on Catherine Vorontsov:
"... In 1808, she married George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke as his second wife and became Countess of Pembroke, Lady Pembroke, the chatelaine of Wilton House, Wiltshire. The Wilton Estate, Salisbury ...".

Named
George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke
- General George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke and 8th Earl of Montgomery b. 1759, d. 1827.
He was a lieutenant-general in 1802 and appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1805.
After serving as
a plenipotentiary on a special mission to Austria in 1807,
he was also appointed Governor of Guernsey and finally promoted to a general in 1812.

Above
Prince Michael Woronzow, 4th Count Woronzow,
as Mikhail Semenovich Vorontsov, born in 1782, St. Petersburg, fought in Napoleon's retreat from Moscow 1812 to 1813, recovered Napoleon's despatch case as a trophy (now in Wilton House); Russia was an ally of Britain against France at this time, and he was appointed commander of the Russian forces in Wellington's allied army 1815;
his nephew Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea was British Secretary of State for War 1845-1846 and again 1852-55, during the Crimean War 1853-56, when Britain was allied with France against Russia. The Crimean War showed the weakness of corrupt Russia defeated by France, England and Sardines. It was clearly the result of the counter-offensive of France and England in Europe.

Note:
My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century by Russia [and in 1937 by Soviet Union]. Let the example be an ominous figure of Jakob Johann von Sievers who has been active in the Russian intelligence since 1748.
Jakov Sivers / Jakob Johann von Sievers, 1731 - 1808,
the son of Joachim Johann von Sievers (b. 1699), JUNIOR;
the grandson of above Joachim Johann von Sievers b. ca 1674 d. 1753, SENIOR.

Jakov Sivers / Jakob Johann von Sievers, 1731 - 1808, the FREEMASON;
Caunt in 1798,
the Extraordinary Ambassador to Poland.
He was buried at the cementery in Wolmar in Livonia / Valmiera / Wolmar, is a town in northern Latvia, about 100 km north-east of Riga and 50 km from the border with Estonia.
From 1749 to 1755 as a diplomat in London and Kopenhagen (links with the embassy of Prussia) in 1748

[in 1740 King Frederick II (Frederick the Great) came to the throne. In 1744 Frederick invaded Silesia again. He failed, but French pressure on Austria's ally Great Britain led to a series of treaties and compromises, culminating in the 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle that restored peace and left Prussia in possession of most of Silesia].

Compare:

Karolina Rozalia Tekla Sobanska nee Rzewuska (1793/1795 - 1885) - Countess, an agent of the Russian tsarist police, wife of Jerome Sobański. Carolina Rzewuska was born as a daughter of Adam Lawrence Rzewuski and her siblings were Ewelina Hanska, and Adam RZEWUSKI, Russian general. After completing education in Vienna, she married Jerome Sobański, landowner close to Odessa; 1818 he met Karolina by General Ivan Osipovich de Witte / Jan de Witte. She participated in the social life of the city, and 1823 met Alexander Pushkin. Pushkin fall in love with Sobańska. The next exile, who found himself, surrounded by Witt and Sobański, was Adam Mickiewicz. Sobańska was known as a traitor;
August to October 1825, Mickiewicz and Sobanski participated in the expedition to Crimea, but
Woroncew / Vorontsev arranged Mickiewicz's transfer to Moscow [above mentioned Ekaterina was the sister of Prince Mikhail Vorontsov, Viceroy of New Russia and Caucasus (b. 1782 - d. 1856 in ODESSA)].
In 1829 Adam Mickiewicz probably thanks to her left Russia and went to Germany on board an English ship.


Inf. in 1864:

"But history shows that this Templar Masonry was invented in France about the year 1740, by the adherents of the Stuarts - after the publication of DUPUY's work - and was introduced by Ramsay and others, as highers degrees, into Freemasonry".

KAZIMIERZ Poniatowski was a great-grandson of the poet, Jan Andrzej Morsztyn and through his great- grandmother, Catherine Gordon, lady-in-waiting to Queen Marie Louise Gonzaga, he was related to the House of Stuart [see TEMPLARS in France and Scotland]. In 1751, he married Apollonia Ustrzycka (1736 - 1814), by whom he had Princess Konstancja Poniatowska who in 1775 married Ludwik Tyszkiewicz (1748 - 1808), next they were owners of BEREZYNA and LUBOSZANY / Lubuszany - 13 km to Miezonka.

These Scottish degrees, or so-called Templar system, made rapid progress, and as it had headquarters in the Jesuit College of CLERMONT at PARIS, was termed the System of Clermont.
The specific "Knights Templar" fraternal order connected to Freemasonry originated from Thomas Dunckerley toward the end of the 18th century ...
In 1751 Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund und Altengrotkau began the Order of Strict Observance, which ritual he claimed to have received from the reconstituted Templar Order in 1743 in Paris. he was initiated, by Scottish knights, into the Order of the Knights Templar, and ... to have met two of the "unknown superiors" who directed all of masonry, one of whom was Prince Charles Edward Stuart. ... In 1779 the High Knights Templar of Ireland Lodge, Kilwinning, obtained a charter from Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Scotland..." - all above by Wikipedia and others webnet sources.

The System of Clermont was introduced in Germany in 1751, by the Baron HUNDT, as the Strict Observance rite.

System of Clermont contemplated the restoration of the Stuarts to the throne.
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (1720 - 1788), was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (as Charles III).

In 1742, Lord Kilmarnock and other exiled Stuart participants received Karl Gotthelf, Baron Von Hund into the Order of the Temple in Paris showing the Jacobite Templar link still existed; and in 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart given a gala meeting for the Chivalry of the Order in Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.

Jacobitism was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland.

The next step was in 1779 when the High Knights Templar of Ireland Lodge, Kilwinning, obtained a charter from Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Scotland.
"This lodge now began to grant dispensations to other lodges to confer the Knights Templar Degree. Some time around 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836". "The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780".

In 1791, Dunckerley became the Grand Master of the first national Grand Conclave of English Masonic Knights Templar; then followed, in 1805 by their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, who became Grand Master himself. Kilwinning Abbey was a home to the Knights Templar and birthplace of the Freemasons.

The Pretender was Grand Master of the Order, under the title of 'EQUES A SOLE AUREO', from 1743, until his death in 1788.
"... in St Petersburg in 1763, Starck made the acquqintance of the Last Grand Master of the Templar Order, named a SOLE aureo in the Magister Ordinis' list. This was Count Belford who had flown to Russia after the Scottish rebellion, a man aged about sixty, then affected with gout [arthritis], who lived at the house of Grand Chancellor VORONCOV and was supported by him".

HUNDT was succeeded as HEERMEISTER of the Strict Observance by the ABBE BERNEZ, and he by the Duke Ferdinand of BRUNSWICK.
From 1763 in JENA, by JOHNSON.

1767 or 1768 - J. A. von Stark / STARCK has established a new sect, which grew out of Clirici Ordinis Templariorum / Clerics of the Knights Templar.
Von Starck was in 1761 initiated into a French freemasonry lodge at Gottingen / Getynga [south to HANOVER] but left for St. Petersburg in 1761,
while teaching in St. Petersburg [1761-1765 and in 1768], Starck had met a Greek by the name of Count Peter Melesino / Melissino, 1726- 97, a lieutenant-general in the Russian Imperial Army, and whose order of freemasonry claimed the clerics of the Templar Knights.

Pyotr Ivanovich Melissino
or Pierre De Mellisino, died ca 1797, known many languages including Russian, German, Italian, French, Turkish as well as his native Greek, he also knew some Latin and English. "... Melissinos arrived in Russia during the reign of Peter the Great and ended his career as Vice-President of the Commerce Collegium in 1740-1745. During the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774, Pyotr Melissino was in charge of the Russian artillery", by Wikipedia. He was a prominent figure in Saint Petersburg society.

Then Starck traveled to Paris in 1765 and obtained a position at the royal library; back to Germany, in Wismar (1766-8).


An important note:

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini [Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"], dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr

[died 1959, was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author; educated in Scotland; he also refers to the theories of l'abbe Augustin Barruel and John Robison {John Robison b. 1739, d. 1805, was a Scottish physicist; the first general secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh; worked with James Watt on an early steam car; he authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati"} who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt, associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order],

former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy. The British Library has confirmed ... that such a document has never been in their possession, but Cardinal Rodriguez have said that it was in 1925".
Carr learned about this letter from Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago,
[died 1958, was a Chilean Cardinal; "...Caro was strongly opposed to the influence of Freemasonry in modern society and wrote several anti-Masonic pamphlets"];
"... no conclusive proof exists to show that this letter was ever written. Nevertheless, the letter is widely quoted and the topic of much discussion".

The extracts of the letter:

"The First World War must be brought about in order to permit the Illuminati to overthrow the power of the [Emperors] Czars in Russia and of making that country a fortress of atheistic Communism. The divergences caused by the "agentur" (agents) of the Illuminati between the British and Germanic Empires will be used to foment this war.

At the end of the war, Communism will be built and used in order to destroy the other governments and in order to weaken the religions. ... During the Second World War, International Communism must become strong enough in order to balance Christendom, which would be then restrained and held in check until the time when we would need it for the final social cataclysm.
... The Third World War must be fomented by ... the leaders of Islamic World...".

"... Michael Haupt said, that William Guy Carr said, that Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago, Chile said, that ... Dr. Bataille aka Leo Taxil said about Albert Pike and Giuseppe Mazzini in 'Le diable au XIXe siecle', v. II, 1892- 1894, p. 605...".

At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Guy_Carr we read:

"...In 'Pawns in the Game', Carr claims that World War I was fought in order to enable the Illuminati to overthrow the powers of the Tsars in Russia ... Michael Haupt had taken the three world war theory from the introduction of Carr's Pawns in the Game (1958). This introduction outlines a plan that Carr attributes to Pike, but not to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. Only the last section of the three world war plan in Haupt's text is a quote attributed to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. This quote is virtually identical to the one in Rodrique's book and it can be traced to the book Le diable au XIXe siecle (1894) by Gabriel Jagond-Pager a.k.a. Leo Taxil, where it is claimed to be from a letter of Pike to Mazzini written in 1871. This quote was later considered to describe the Bolshevik revolution, but whether a hoax or not, it predates 1917. The book of Jagond-Pager is enlisted in the British Museum, which is what Rodriguez meant by his statement, and it contains the full letter, be it hoax or not. The plan attributed to Pike is also described in part in Le Palladisme by Margiotta and it seems to describe the same plan as in Jagond-Pager's book, so it is possible that in this case the famous hoaxer Leo Taxil actually refers to some existing letter, but Dominico Margiotta may be another pseudonym of Jacond-Pager. There is nothing of the three world war plan in this letter, and nothing especially prophetic-it simply describes a Freemasonry plan to overthrow all religions".
At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawns_in_the_Game_(book):

"...a Book written by the Canadian William Guy Carr published in 1955. The author was killed {?} in mysterious conditions" {created this page on 1 November 2015}.

Abnormally strange theories appeared already in the 19th century, then in 1916 in Great Britain, and since then, these considerations are in order to hide the real motor for the global intelligence network. These shocking theories are designed to excite readers of its mystery and with the events described not to the end.

"Albert Pike ... moved to Arkansas [1833] where he became a prominent member of the secessionist movement. He was chosen by Mazzini to head the Illuminati operations in America and moved to Charleston, South Carolina, in 1852 [to New Orleans in 1855]. During the war he was made a brigadier general ... Mazzini was not only the head of the Illuminati, he was the leading revolutionist in Europe. He was determined to establish a New World Order on the rubble of the old order and created a plan to accomplish his goal. He detailed his plan for world domination in a letter to Pike on January 22, 1870: 'We must allow all the federations to continue just as they are, with their systems, their central authorities and their diverse modes of correspondence between high grades of the same rite, organized as they are at the present, but we must create a super rite, which will remain unknown, to which we will call those Masons of high degree whom we shall select...', [acc. to] Lady Queensborough, Occult Theocracy, pp. 208-209.

This secret rite is called "The New and Reformed Palladian Rite [or Reformed Palladium]." It has headquarters in Charleston, S.C., Rome in Italy, and Berlin ... Pike wrote about his beliefs and goals in 1871 in "Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry."

"The Palladian Rite, according to conspiracy theorists it is the very top of the Illuminati pyramid. Conspiracy theorists point to the Palladian Rite as being the secret overlord of all Masonic Rites uniting all masonry together in a dark agenda to propitiate three world wars to bring about the New World Order Government led by shape shifting reptiles from outer space".

Pike designed a plan for world conquest and wrote of it in a letter to Mazzini dated August 15, 1871. He said three future world wars would prepare the world for the New World Order ... This strategy is corroborated by Dr. Dennis L. Cuddy PhD. in 'The Power Elite's use of Wars and Crises'." See: pike.htm and http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/. Above Dennis Laurence Cuddy, is historian and political analyst, received a Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill [also at NewsWithViews.com].

Mazzini was the member of the underground "Carbonari" society, also with Lelewel [see Chodzko, Oginski ...], Krepowiecki and Jozef Zaliwski. On 17 February 1833, Zaliwski [see Lubiec estate close to Wola Pszczolecka; Sulimierski, Bleszynski, Psarski ...] left Paris and traveled to the Polish lands.

Giuseppe Mazzini born 1805, died in 1872, was an Italian politician, journalist and headed the Italian revolutionary movement. William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy; in 1840 Mazzini reformed the Giovine Italia in London, and from London he wrote a series of letters to his agents in Europe and South America, and made friends with Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane; in 1843 he organized another riot in Bologna; in 1847 he moved again to London, also founded the People's International League; 1848 Mazzini was in Paris; in April 1848 Mazzini reached Milan, when the First Italian War of Independence started; joined Garibaldi's force at Bergamo, moving to Switzerland with him; in 1849 a republic was declared in Rome.

"Under Lord Palmerston, England supports all revolutions ... and the leading revolutionary in Her Majesty's Secret Service is Giuseppe Mazzini ... Mazzini is a Genoese admirer of the ... Venetian friar Paolo Sarpi. Mazzini's father was a physician to Queen Victoria's father. For a while Mazzini worked for the Carbonari, one of Napoleon's Freemasonic fronts. Then, in 1831, Mazzini founded his Young Italy secret society. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, ... President of France, sent him articles for his magazine. Mazzini's cry ... that the people are the new God. ... Mazzini teaches that Christianity developed the human individual, but that the era of Christianity, of freedom, of human rights, is now over ... The British would take care of Industry and Colonies; the Poles, leadership of the Slavic world; the Russians, the civilizing of Asia. The French get Action, the Germans get Thought...".

"... Mazzini has tried to put this into practice just last year. In November 1848, armed Young Italy gangs forced Pope Pius IX to flee from Rome to Naples. From March to June of 1849, Mazzini ruled the Papal States as one of three dictators, all Grand Orient Freemasons. During that time, death squads operated in Rome, Ancona, and other cities. Some churches were sacked, and many confessionals were burned. ... During this time he was planning to set up his own Italian national church on the Anglican model. The defense of Rome was organized by Giuseppe Garibaldi, who had joined Mazzini's Young Italy in the early 1830s. But a French army ... drove out Mazzini, Garibaldi, and their supporters.

Lord Palmerston said that Mazzini's regime in Rome was 'far better than any the Romans have had for centuries' ...

Right now Mazzini is here in London, enjoying the support of Lord Ashley, the Earl of Shaftesbury, a Protestant fanatic who also happens to be Lord Palmerston's son- in-law. Mazzini's direct access to the British government payroll comes through James Stansfeld, a junior Lord of the Admiralty and a very high official of British intelligence. ... Stansfeld's father-in-law, William Henry Ashurst, is another of Mazzini's patrons, as is John Bowring of the Foreign Office ... Bowring is Jeremy Bentham's literary executor. John Stuart Mill of India House is another of Mazzini's friends. Mazzini is close to ... writer Thomas Carlyle, and has been having an affair with Carlyle's wife. Young Italy, as we have seen, was founded in 1831, attracting the young sailor Giuseppe Garibaldi and Louis Napoleon.

Shortly thereafter there followed Young Poland, whose leaders included the revolutionaries Lelewel and Worcell.
Then came Young Germany, featuring Arnold Ruge ... In 1834, Mazzini founded 'Young Europe', with Italian, Swiss, German, and Polish components. ... By the end of this century we will have a Young Argentina (founded by Garibaldi), Young Bosnia, Young India, Young Russia, Young Armenia, Young Egypt...", acc. to Webster G. Tarpley, Ph.D.

Theories of William Guy Carr on the Satanism - the Illuminati - Zionism, are obviously erroneous, mistaken and very strange because it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy.

Compare three dates:

1.
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.

2. 1870 Brown of London - took the Breguet company [below];

3. and the letter of 1871 from Albert Pike to Mazzini [above].

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others). In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878. L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

In 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown;
Louis Francois Clement Breguet collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and Louis Francois Clement Breguet met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer. The great-grandson of Louis Francois Clement Breguet: above Louis Antoine b. 1851 d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business. So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century.

By Michael Weare at http://clicktempus.com/turning-points-in-time-breguet:

under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920. Then Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of 'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets. The complicated watches were built by the Joux Valley's leading watchmakers including the Victorin Piguet workshops. 1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France.

At all my domain very interesting on line {see below !}:
Chodzko - Oginski - Breguet - Konstantynowicz - Schaub - Gilliard - Duflon - Armand - Paszkowski - Kosciuszko - Fiszer - Mielzynski.


Breguet

cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others).

In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878.

L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

Albert Pike
[Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years]
described in a letter wrote to Mazzini

[Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"],

dated August 15, 1871,
plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr...".

It was the plan known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers, and within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was Rhodes with Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner who was added to the society by Stead.

Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).

See: the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown - Breguet Company in 1870.

Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day.


Early in his political career, Pilsudski became a leader of the Polish Socialist Party. In 1895, he became a Polish Socialist Party leader and took the position that doctrinal issues were of minor importance and that socialist ideology should be merged with nationalist ideology, since that combination offered the greatest chance of restoring Polish independence.

At the same time in Belarus and Austria,
Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice.
Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892]
(K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogrod),
to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz
(born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! - the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN; the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA; the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze; the great-great-granddaughter of Jozef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn),
wife of the Galicja governor -
Andrzej Potocki
(killed in 1908 =
Andrzej Kazimierz Potocki born in KRZESZOWICE in 1861, died in LWOW, the owner of Krzeszowice, the orderly officer of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, Andrzej's wife KRYSTYNA Tyszkiewicz Potocka, 1866-1952, was the owner of ZATOR, ca 1908/1909, and ca 1887/1890 {?} of LUBOSZANY / Lubuszany - 13 km to MIEZONKA).

In the capital of Russia -
L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. In 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

And in London -
Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).
See:
the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown took the Breguet Company in 1870.
Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day.

Pilsudski, like many contemporary ones, was deeply convinced that the most serious obstacle on the road to leading independence, is Russia. In the struggle with the Russian state, Poles, to win, they should have won loyal allies.

Socialists initially expected that such roles will play proletariat "connected with us by the international solidarity". But soon the London congress of II Internationals turned out it and the resolution about the Polish case proved the support is highly illusive [this organization has been called in 1889; the Polish actions took place in 1896].

In this situation [1890/1895], the leader of the Polish party paid careful attention to "these millions of different peoples who, like us, are shackled in Russian bondage."
It was just the possibility of jointly experiencing of the peoples of the Russian empire, as it results from the analysis carried out by Jozef Pilsudski in the middle of 1895.
This very extensive analysis of the internal situation of the Russian empire by Pilsudski was included in the article on Russia, published in the one-day lunch prepared by the Polish Socialist Party.
The conclusions of the socialist leader, Pilsudski, may have caused at least astonishment of the Orthodox Marxist, because he strongly emphasized that he did not believe in the emergence of a mass revolutionary movement in Russia.
He concluded that fortunately the composition of the Russian state, in addition to Russia, is of the other, violently enslaved nations. "The population of these countries, Poles, Lithuanians, Ruthenians - formerly belonging to the Commonwealth - have quite a different historical past, other traditions; all of them are suffering severely national and religious persecution, which among them arouse hatred of current political relations."
A much higher level of political consciousness of the ex-Polish Commonwealth's population, and those areas that are lagging behind, the areas of proper Russia, and economic development, and finally the educated class structure led Pilsudski to the conclusion that "there will emerge this force that will destroy the power of Russia", while the Russian revolutionary "movement" can play in this fight only an auxiliary role.
It is hard not to notice that in Pilsudski's vision, the native Polish working class, as Prometheus, would crush, in the interest of the subjugated peoples, the Russian chains.
Pilsudski has repeatedly stated that enslaved nations - "only when the shackles of captivity, put on us by the despotic government, will be removed" - drop into the era of rapid progress towards a happy future without care and harm.
It concerned what is worth emphasizing once again, all enslaved nations may fight for freedom, not only the former lands of the Commonwealth, taken over by the Tsar's state, but in practice of all areas annexed to the Russian empire.
And all of them will be forced to actively oppose.
Even where there were limited constitutional regulations, as in Finland.
Jozef Pilsudski assumed, "the same position, must lead to a close connection between the revolutionary forces of Poland and Finland, and it will be then - he concluded - a serious step, approaching us to
the common goal - the dispersion of this dark and threatening cloud, which holds the worlds
... and is called the Moscow's regime".

Similar opinions at the time when Pilsudski was in charge of Polish Socialist Party, sometimes unequivocal in his pronunciation, at other times allusive, can be found much more.
Necessary suggestions were scattered in the work of activists, closely related to Pilsudski.

A key excerpt from Pilsudski's 1904 memorandum declared:
"Poland's strength and importance among the constituent parts of the Russian state embolden us to set ourselves the political goal of breaking up the Russian state into its main constituents and emancipating the countries that have been forcibly incorporated into that empire. We regard this not only as the fulfilment of our country's cultural strivings for independent existence, but also as a guarantee of that existence, since a Russia divested of her conquests will be sufficiently weakened that she will cease to be a formidable and dangerous neighbor."

A brief history of Poland's Promethean endeavor was set down on February 12, 1940, by Edmund Charaszkiewicz, a Polish military intelligence officer whose responsibilities from 1927 until the outbreak of World War II in Europe in September 1939 had included the coordination of Poland's Promethean program. Charaszkiewicz wrote his paper in Paris after escaping from a Poland overrun by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.


Time of life of Parvus:

Parvus was born in 1867 Berazino / Berezyna of POTOCKI; moved to Odessa;
ca 1885 in Odessa with political satirist Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin;
in 1886 Gelfand first traveled from Russia to Basel, Switzerland; 1887 - returned to Russia; the fall of 1888 Gelfand enrolled at the University of Basle;
ca 1892 Gelfand moved to Germany, joined Rosa Luxemburg; 1900 he met Vladimir Lenin in Munich;

1902 to 1908 worked for M. Gorki

(to Autumn 1917 Maria Moura Countess Benckendorff worked in the Russian Embassy in Berlin where she became acquainted with British diplomat R. H. Bruce Lockhart. They owned the mansion Jendel in Jeneda, in Estonia where he was shot dead in 1918; 1918, she was arrested in a suspicion of spying for England and transferred to the Lubyanka prison. Bruce Lockhart, tried to vouch for her; they were lovers; Lockhart was expelled from Russia soon after, Maria Moura Countess Benckendorff was released as well under the condition that she would cooperate with the intelligence service; then she met Maxim Gorky as secretary and wife of Gorky, with a few interruptions from 1920 to 1933; 1920 she met H. G. Wells and became his mistress, renewed in 1933 in London, where she emigrated. Later, she was married to Baron Nikolai von Budberg-Bonningshausen, as a double agent for the Soviet Union and British intelligence.
Her older half-sister, Alexandra Alla Ignatievna Zakrevskaya b. 1884, married Baron Arthur von Engelhardt before 1909, was the great-grandmother of Nick Clegg, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 2010);

1905, Parvus arrived in St. Petersburg with false Austro-Hungarian papers and coordinated an agitation; he was arrested on 21 March 1906 and imprisoned with Trocki and Lev Grigorievich Deutsch in St Petersburg - was visited by Rosa Luxemburg; emigrated to Germany 1906, acted again with Maxim Gorky (1902 - 1905) 1906 - 1908, and Rosa Luxemburg;
moved 1908 and 1910 - 1915, to Istanbul in Turkey; he was a business partner of the Krupp concern, of Vickers Limited, and of the Basil Zaharov, German ambassador Hans Freiherr von Wangenheim, also to Enver, Talat and Cemal, and Finance Minister Djavid Bey;

Parvus arrived to Berlin on the 6 March 1915; like Sulkowski, he recommended the division of Russia by encouraging ethnic separatists in various Russian regions, and its loss in the First World War was the best way to bring a revolution.

The plan of the Russian Revolution 1915. Copyright by Chronos. World History on the Internet (A preparation of massive political strikes in Russia). Retrieved 2006-12-17. This document was produced by Alexander Parvus (Israel Gelfand) in February 1915 and contained a preliminary plan for the destruction of existing political system in Russia, the revolutionary movement for the German money. ... at
http://www.hrono.ru/dokum/191_dok/1915parvus.php. Part of the plan he had already finished writing in Berlin. ... Printed from the book: Heresh Elizabeth, Bought Revolution. Secret deal Parvus. Translated from the German I. G. Binevoy, Moscow 2005, p. 21-27.

The plan was handed over to the Germans on March 9, 1915, and they immediately began to finance its implementation. When reading the document easy to see that Lenin in 1917, acted in accordance with this plan. Import of money, weapons and subversive literature was carried out to the territory of Russia by the German money through neutral countries.

Lenin maintained relations with Parvus connected via Karl Radek and Jacob Ganetsky (Furstenberg).

The plan of the Russian Revolution covers twenty pages:

"1. Preparation of the mass political strike in Russia.

By the spring in Russia should start preparing mass political strike under the slogan 'Freedom and peace'. Center of the movement will be in Petrograd and Obukhov, Putilov and the Baltic Shipyard. The strike should cover rail networks between Petrograd and Warsaw, as well as the South-Western Railway. Railway strike will be mainly carried out in the major centers with large teams of workers, railway workshops and so on. To expand the scale of strikes wherever possible, will broken railway bridges, as well as during the strike movement of 1904-1905.

2. Conference of leaders of the Russian Social-Democrats:

The plan can only be achieved under the leadership of the Russian Social-Democrats. The radical wing of the party has already begun to take action. But it is important that joined them moderate faction of the Mensheviks. ... But two weeks ago, their leader Lenin himself raised the question of unification with the Mensheviks. Unity can be achieved through a policy of compromise; ... And thus begin active operations against absolutism. It should be noted that a group of moderates always is under a strong influence of German Social Democracy. Due to the personal authority of some leaders of the German and Austrian Social Democracy ... you can still achieve a lot with them. ... it is necessary to convene in Switzerland or in any other neutral country ... It should take part:
1. Social Democratic Party of Bolsheviks. 2. Menshevik party. 3. Jewish Bund. 4. Ukrainian organization Spilka. 5. The Polish Social-Democratic Party. 6. The Social Democratic Party of Poland. 7. Social Democratic Party of Lithuania. 8. The Finnish Social Democrats.
Congress can take place only if it is absolute reached a preliminary agreement to launch immediate action against the tsarist regime. ... Additional possible participants of the congress are: 9. Armenian party Dashnak-tsutyun. 10. Hindshak.
... the Congress by their decisions will have a major impact on public opinion in France and England.

3. Russian Socialist Revolutionaries.
Separate negotiations need to lead a party of Russian Socialist - Revolutionaries. These people are most inclined to nationalism. However, their influence to the working community is minimal. In St. Petersburg, they have only a small number of supporters at the Baltic Shipyard. On the question of the mass strike, they can be eliminated without prejudice. Their scope - it is the peasantry, where they have a significant impact, using teachers of public schools.

4. Individual movements.
Preparing the creation of an institutional framework for the mass strike should immediately start doing direct agitation. Through Bulgaria and Romania can establish links with Odessa, Sevastopol, Rostov-on-Don, Batumi and Baku. Russian workers in these areas ... have not stopped fighting for these requirements: only two years ago, the big strike of sailors and dockworkers, which again put on the agenda of the previous suggestions. Agitation should be ... and at the same time acquire a political nature a general strike at the Black Sea ... under the domination of unemployment, ... probably take place in Nikolayev, Rostov-on-Don and among workers in certain occupations in Odessa. Such a strike would have a local character ... To carry out such a campaign is necessary above all restores the organization of Russian sailors who settled in Constantinople, then to Alexandria. Now this center should be in Constanta or Galati. Since the war at sea cause severe disturbances in the Black Sea city, this will make them particularly susceptible to political agitation. Special forces must be applied ... in Odessa, ... as in 1905, ... And it would help to give a new impetus to the universal revolutionary movement. If in Odessa uprising broke out, it could be supported by the Turkish fleet. Prospects for the uprising in the Black Sea Fleet can be determined after the establishment of contacts with large Sevastopol. In Baku and the oil area can easily bring the strike. Can not be ignored ... workers are Tatars, ie Muslims. ... Strikes are also possible in the mining region of Donetsk. Particularly favorable conditions in the Urals. There Bolshevik Party has its loyal and strong supporters. Political strike among miners ... as the population is very poor.

5. Siberia.
Particular attention should be paid to Siberia. In Europe it is known only as a place of exile. But along the large Siberian routes, the railway and river banks lives strong peasant class, proud and independent, who wish to maintain independence from the central government. In the cities live energetic businessmen and intellectual layers, which consists of political exiles and which is under their influence. Siberian constituencies sent to the Duma socialist representatives. During the revolutionary movement of 1905 all the management was in the hands of the revolutionary committees. The administrative staff is extremely weak. The armed forces have been reduced to a minimum ... These circumstances make it possible to create some centers in Siberia action. At the same time it is necessary to take care of political exiles who want back to European Russia. This is purely a question of money. Thus, we can send thousands of ... agitators ... in the above campaign centers and in St. Petersburg. ... All of these actions will be developed and ... more co-ordinated their activities will be. On the other hand ... customize party centers must be immediately included, and lead them to unite.

6. Campaign in the press.
At the same time you need to give a boost to Russian Socialist Party, mentioning it in the press and brochures, as well as the direction of its actions. Brochures in Russian may be issued in Switzerland. In Paris goes Russian newspaper 'The Voice', which is edited by some leaders of the socialist Menshevik Party ... In spite of the exceptional circumstances in which it goes, this newspaper has maintained an objective attitude towards the war. ... May be mentioned and considered Swiss, and Italian, and Danish, and Dutch, and Swedish socialist newspapers, as well as the socialist press of America ... German socialist leaders ... easily be able to participate in this discussion in the media campaign would have a significant impact on the position neutral countries, especially Italy, ... in the socialist circles of France and England. ... which can reach up to England and France with great difficulty, would be of great value. ... easily make an impact in the sense ... against the tsarist regime in the socialist press of Bulgaria and Romania. Since Romania will be a central point of revolutionary agitation in the south of Russia, ... for this reason the position of the Romanian daily press is important, not counting, of course, its importance to determine its own position in the war. All major Romanian newspapers are in the service of Russia. ... It is not difficult to organize a group of recognized journalists for publishing large independent daily newspaper with a pronounced tendency to early accession of Germany. ...

7. Campaign in North America.
Particular attention should be paid to the United States. Many Russian Jews and Slavs in the United States and Canada are a very sensitive element for agitation against the tsarist regime. Russian Social-Democracy and the Jewish Bund were sent to tour to these places. ... they can inspire to energetic performances by local forces, to strengthen the organization, strengthen widely represented Russian and Jewish press and thus achieve the heyday of planned activities. ... with millions Russian immigrants, most of whom have only recently left their homeland, are also of great importance. Movement among Russian immigrants in America would have an impact on public opinion of America. ... The German element also needs to act more actively in this war ... A strong movement among the Russian, that is Russian Jews in America would contribute to performance of the Germans. It should be send here a few agitators from German and Austrian Social Democracy.

8. The growth of the revolutionary movement.
Campaign in neutral countries will have a strong reaction on the campaign in Russia, and vice versa. Further development is largely dependent on the military action. ... If the Russian army during the winter will also be tied to their former positions, the disorder will go across the country. Planned propaganda machine will use this disorder, expanding and deepening its across the board. Strikes here and there, food riots, the growing political agitation - all mislead the tsarist government. If it will lead to an repression, it will cause a growing resentment ... it will be interpreted as a sign of weakness, leading to an increase of the revolutionary movement. ... If in the meantime, the Russian army will suffer a major defeat, the movement against the regime can take unprecedented dimensions. In any case, you can count on the fact that if all the forces will be directed to act on with the plan, the spring can happen mass political strike. If the mass strike will have a large scale, the tsarist government will be forced to concentrate forces in the country, especially in St. Petersburg and Moscow. In addition, the government will need strength to protect the rail links. ... will be sent to the railways in the west, you can call a strike everywhere. If it succeeds everywhere, the tsarist government will still be forced to use to protect stations, and so on. ... Simultaneously, the administrative apparatus will be given in the confusion that will accelerate its decay.

9. The peasant movement and Ukraine.
Along with the developments of above, the peasant movement is, as in 1905, an important contributing factor. ... In general, the question of protection of land is the basis of Russian peasant question, ... In Ukraine, all these problems are reduced to demand autonomy. As long as the tsarist government prevails, policy in Ukraine is reduced to giving away land to Moscow nobles and large landowners of Moscow, which protects it from ... Ukrainian peasants; farmers have no choice to rebel, unless they feel that the pressure of government weakened that ... One of the main tasks of the Ukrainian government is to establish law and order in places of anarchy ... The education independent of Ukraine can be considered as an exemption from the tsarist regime, and as a solution to the peasant question. ... a Great Russian peasants did not remain calm under any circumstances ...
10. Movement in Finland.
In connection to the global movement, in Finland, you can take important steps. Finnish parties are in an awkward position, since the country has significant Russian military forces. On the other hand, the Finns did not just want to be annexed by Sweden. Swedes do not seek to annex Finland, they want to make it a buffer country that is independent. Swedish party in Finland - a small minority. Therefore it is necessary to reach an agreement between the Swedish government and the stronger Finnish parties, among which the most influential - the Social Democratic. Such an agreement is possible if the Swedes guarantee Finns greatest autonomy and give them the right to decide which group of states they wish to join. ... systematically begin preparations for a general uprising. The Finnish Social Democrats have at their disposal an excellent organization, similar to the German. ... a special role played by differences in language. All preparations for the revolution must be conducted secretly ... Then part of the concentrated forces will be drawn to St. Petersburg. This will be the signal for the start of a general uprising in Finland. ... The plan was developed by a special commission in St. Petersburg, where the participants were members of the General Staff, as well as senior administrative officials. ... the Swedish army will have to intervene and protect the independence of Finland. Although this is good way to crush the rebellion, it makes absolutely defenseless against army intervention of enemy forces. Therefore, probably, the tsarist government will go the other way and will delay the army to administrative centers, that is, to the coast and along the railroad. In this case, may even be destroyed railway lines with Sweden. Then Russian will dominate only on the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia. ... the rebels will form the National Guard ... Of course, much depends on the development of events in St. Petersburg. Finns can be of great help even before the Russian general strike. ... They could organize a system of signaling for aircraft ... Then can be created radiotelegraph stations ...

11. Caucasus.
During the revolution, the tsarist government virtually ignored the Caucasus. ... because of the Russian-Turkish war, the situation is quite different. There is a possibility of falling away of the Caucasus ... But in contrast to Finland, where a well-organized general uprising is possible, movement in the Caucasus will always depend on the national division and struggle of parties. Most strongly manifested themselves during the revolutionary years, Georgians. ... they got full control of the government in Kutaisi and established his administration, the courts, and so on. However, this movement is not led by separatists, and the Social Democrats. ... the Social Democrats had a few Armenians, ... But we must bear in mind that after the disappointment to the revolution and the war against the separatist tendencies, of course, have become popular. In strikes participated Tatar workers. In general, the Tatar population played a reactionary role. They were opposed to the Armenian government agents from Petrograd. This led to bloody stikam between them. ... Turkey has signaled to the Caucasian Muslims that to achieve the objectives of holy war... At the same time must be concluded an alliance with the Young Turks and the Armenian parties in Turkey ... The details of this action ... beyond the scope of this memorable letters. It should be mentioned only the fact that the share of the Caucasus Armenians and Georgians would have a big impact on decisive performance of the Russian Social-Democracy. ... Holy War, which aims to raise the huge mass in Persia, Egypt, North Africa, etc., is unlikely to have a significant influence in Russia. Tatars on the Volga and Kama, of course, do not move. It is extremely peaceful and absolutely obedient peasant ... The situation is different in the Caucasus, but there Tatars were pacified ... Old conflict between Caucasian highlanders and Russian was just a struggle against any centralized state. Since then, the tribes were scattered, their leaders became landowners, hardly having contacts with the masses. The people have lost a sense of independence. ... The Turkish army will be favorably received ... In the Caucasus Muslims large-scale guerrilla war is hopeless. Rise of the Kuban Cossacks quite possible, in this case would be useful Ukrainian propaganda.

12. End of motion.
The growth of the revolutionary movement in the tsarist empire, among other things, lead to a general turmoil. In addition to the general course of military operations, it is possible to take special measures to enhance this troubled situation. For certain reasons the Black Sea basin and the Caucasus are more favorable to the area. Particular attention should be paid to the city of Nikolaev ... In Nikolayev need to strike among the workers, not necessarily of a political nature, but simply on the basis of economic demands. ... First of all, the most important - is the mobilization ... young of its citizens. Russian Social-Democracy strongly opposed to the absolute power of the country is sought by the royal diplomacy. ... If the revolutionary movement reaches a certain size - even if the tsarist government hold power in St. Petersburg - created by the Provisional Government may raise the question of the cessation of hostilities and the beginning of diplomatic negotiations for a peace treaty. If the tsarist government have to conclude an agreement on a cease-fire until an interim government, the revolutionary movement will develop more resolutely ... ...

13. Siberia.
It is necessary to pay special attention to Siberia also because huge supply of artillery and other types of weapons from the US to Russia ... through Siberia. Therefore, the Siberian project should be considered separately from the rest. It should send a few energetic, cautious and well-equipped agents to Siberia on a special mission to blow up railway bridges. They will find enough helpers among the exiles. Explosives can be delivered at the Ural mountain plants ... from Finland. Technical guidelines could be developed here.

14. Campaign in the press.
Assumptions about Romania and Bulgaria were confirmed after finalization of the memorandum and in the development of the revolutionary movement. Bulgarian media now ... pro-German ...

Now it is especially important to take the job.
1. Financial support of the Social Democratic faction of the Bolsheviks ... It is necessary to establish contacts with its leaders in Switzerland.
2. Direct contact with the revolutionary organizations in Odessa and Nikolaev through Bucharest and Iasi.
3. Establishing contacts with the Russian organizations of sailors. Such contact is already over one gentleman in Sofia. Other connections are possible via Amsterdam.
4. Support the activities of the Jewish socialist organization Bund - not Zionists.
5. Establishing contacts with authoritative figures of Russian Social Democracy and Russian Social-revolutionaries in Switzerland, Italy, Copenhagen, Stockholm. Support their efforts ... against the tsarist regime.
6. Support of the Russian revolutionary writers who take part in the struggle against tsarism even in war.
7. Communication with the Finnish Social Democracy.
8. Organization of the Congress of Russian revolutionaries.
9. Influence on public opinion in the neutral countries, especially the position of the socialist press and socialist organizations ...
In Bulgaria and Romania, it has already been successfully implemented; continue this work in the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland and Italy.
10. Equipment of the expedition to Siberia with a special purpose: to blow up the most important railway bridges and thereby prevent the transportation of weapons from America to Russia. ... with rich cash transfer for the organization of a certain number of political exiles in the center of the country.

11. Technical preparation for an uprising in Russia:

a) providing an accurate map of the Russian railways with the most important bridges that must be destroyed to paralyze transport connection, as well as identifying the main administrative buildings, arsenals, workshops, which should be given maximum attention;

b) a precise indication of the amount of explosives needed to achieve the goal in each individual case. Thus it is necessary to take into account the lack of materials and the difficult circumstances in which the action will be carried out;

c) a clear and popular instruction on handling explosives to the explosion of bridges and large buildings;

d) simple recipes for explosives;

d) develop a plan of resistance of the insurgent population of Petersburg against the armed power with particular reference to the workers' districts. Protection of houses and streets.
Protection of cavalry and infantry. Jewish socialist Bund in Russia - a revolutionary organization, which is based on the working masses and which played a role back in 1904.

Bund is in opposing relationship with the "Zionists", from which there is nothing to expect for the following reasons:

1) because of their membership in the fragile party;
2) as the Russian patriotic idea became popular in their ranks since the war began;
3) because after the Balkan War, a core of their leadership actively seek sympathy of the British and Russian diplomatic circles, although this did not prevent them also to cooperate with the German government. Because of this, it is not able to make any political action".


This "sect" of Tadeusz Grabianka [since 1778/1779], or The Order of Illuminati, it is a Polish intelligence network created during the collapse of the Polish-Lithuanian State and it is a secretive intelligence and political organization working to rebuild independent Poland in conditions when the entire territory of the country was occupied by three hostile neighbors.

In the absence of state independence, Tadeusz Grabianka created the foundation of a political intelligence. It was the period of his activity from 1778 to the murder in 1807 in Russia.

Tadeusz Grabianka used social engineering methods, he had the ability to recruit collaborators - for example during a visit to London [then this network surrounds Edward Brown], which lasted almost a year - and he could recruit future "soldiers": a courier, probably also murderers, heads of smaller underground groups.

Tadeusz Grabianka co-operated with the French intelligence.

Tadeusz Grabianka also knew that in every country [Berlin, London, France, Austrian Galicia, Russian Podole and Ukraine; in Russia] after some time his conspiracy would be taken over by counterintelligences of these countries.
However, Tadeusz Grabianka's aims were at the same time attractive to France and Great Britain.

Thus, the situation will appear in which our Polish resistance conspiracy will help to other countries - including the US and not only through official state channels, as Thomas Jefferson said - and to the royal courts [George III, Duke of Kent].

And the reverse, other countries gladly use our underground networks.

It was not alchemy and sect. These were chemical laboratories where it was possible to produce poisonous and hallucinogenic drugs for Polish intelligence in the absence of an independent state.

The goals have changed over the next years.
In the 70s of the 19th century, the Polish conspiracy [Koziell-Poklewski] unequivocally led to
causing chaos in Europe,
provoking a European war and world conflict [USA, Japan],
invoking massive revolutions
[the scheme of Tadeusz Grabianka; use of national minorities - Leopold Kronenberg and the Wloclawek area]
by providing attractive ideologies [Nestor Trubecki, Duke Kropotkin, Lenin].

Some researchers have come to a completely wrong conclusion that this is a devilish conspiracy.

Most European politicians in the 19th century knew, however, that this is so-called "Polish conspiracy."
That is, a conspiracy involving the entry into the Russian state and intelligence system.
This was done, among others, by the Konstantynowicz family, creating the company "Duflon & Konstantinovich", also co-operating with the NOBEL family, Armand, Gernet, Azbelev, Pilsudski, Breguet; co- creating Lenin's person.

The family of Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantinovich took part in the non-legal conspiracy.

And so the powerful underground Network was created:

the King of Naples, Marshal Joachim Murat - General Armand - General Axamitowski of Poznan - General Franciszek Paszkowski
[+ Maria Paszkowska Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz - BREGUET]
-
Colonel / General JAN DEMBOWSKI, the Freemason, the friend of Ignacy Potocki and Artur Potocki
[the Templars and of the Grand Orient in 1818]
-
and from ARTUR POTOCKI to Wojciech Paszkowski + Br. Bystrzanowski and the Mark Masons Order
[and here the line to Kalinowski and Tadeusz Grabianka / Marcin Tarnowski / Stadnicki / Ilinski - the ILLUMINATI and the TEMPLARS]
+
Tadeusz Kosciuszko in 1776
[+ General Franciszek Paszkowski and General Stanislaw Fiszer (Fiszer lived in Koninko in 1803 - 17 km south-east to POZNAN)].

The Armand family, who since 1799 wanted to settle in Moscow, met with General Franciszek Paszkowski, through the family Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and his son - Alphonse de Bauffremont / prince de Bauffremont Courtenay.

Named Alphonse de Bauffremont and General Franciszek Paszkowski were together adjutants / aide-de-camp of Marshal Joachim Murat.

Murat and Jozef Sulkowski were adjutants of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Mentioned Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and [then he was Baron] General Armand were in Russia in 1791. So, 29 year-old general Paul Armand [Paul 1st] came from Paris together with Alexandre, the Marquis de Courtenay.

Paul Armand [Paul 2nd, wine merchant], 1760 - 1835, or was born in 1762, was the first in Russia in 1791.

General Paul Armand [Baron, the 1st], in Russia in 1791, but Jean-Louis Armand [he was the son of Paul Armand, the 2nd] was the first in Russia in 1799.

Mentioned Alexandre de Bauffremont [de Bauffremont-Courtenay], born in 1773 and died in 1833, prince de Bauffremont, emigrated to Koblenz but rallied to Napoleon I who made him count Empire.

Mentioned above Alphonse de Bauffremont, born in 1792 and died in 1860, duke of Bauffremont, prince of Bauffremont, was created count by Napoleon and became aide-de-camp of Murat [see JOZEF SULKOWSKI and General FRANCISZEK PASZKOWSKI !].
Alphonse de Bauffremont distinguished himself at the Battle of the Moskowa, in 1812, under MURAT as his aide- de-camp, as well as in the Saxony campaign in 1813 [Dresde / Dresden / Drezno in 1813]. During the Hundred Days, Alphonse de Bauffremont was instructed by Murat to bring Napoleon confidential dispatches.


The war of independence, however, meant [1795-1914] that it was the war of a nation deprived of the opportunity to dispose of its wealth. It was impossible to enter into an alliance with one of the partitioning powers, with any of the other two partitioning powers for the uprising.

Young Tadeusz Grabianka was educated at the Polish school in Lunéville, ca 1750, under the care of the king Stanisław Leszczynski (1677-1766). In 1756 he came back to his family home, and he returned to Lorraine. In the country he reappeared at his father's funeral in October 1759.
In 1760, the spring, he went to France, where he lived mainly in Paris, he stayed here until 1769. Probably thanks to the support of Jeanne A. Poisson, the marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), he came into the court of Louis XV (1710-1774 ) and probably already became an active freemason; he obtained a high degree of initiation - the Knight of Rose Croix.
Rose-Croix, is the Scottish Rite, one of several Rites of Freemasonry.
"Within the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite concordant body of Freemasonry, the Eighteenth Degree is specifically concerned with the rose cross and confers the title of "Knight Rose Croix". Of one version of the degree, Albert Pike wrote in 1871."

Mazzini - an important note:

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini

[Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"],

dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a
"commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr

[died 1959, was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author; educated in Scotland; he also refers to the theories of l'abbe Augustin Barruel and John Robison

{John Robison b. 1739, d. 1805, was a Scottish physicist; the first general secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh; worked with James Watt on an early steam car; he authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati"}

who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt, associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order],

former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy. The British Library has confirmed ... that such a document has never been in their possession, but Cardinal Rodriguez have said that it was in 1925".

During the January Uprising in 1863, insurgents used smuggled weapons and ammunition.
Incidentally, Leopold Kronenberg (he gave a million rubles) was involved in this smuggling from the United Kingdom, but after the fall of the uprising he got the Holy Wlodzimierz Medal of the Third Class, and nobility; Leopold Kronenberg was at the head of the Jewish consortium, for the buying of assets confiscated after this uprising.

It is obvious that without the smuggling of arms and ammunition, the January Uprising in 1863 would not have happened at all.

Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg in 1851 founded his own banking house under the name of 'Leopold Kronenberg'.

English rifles in most cases fell into Russian hands.
The metastatic routes were worked out by the Russian spy, TUGENDHOLD ie. TUGENHOLD from Warsaw
[Rafal Tugendhold, ie. Stefan Poles - born ca. 1841 - died in 1875].
He was the secretary of Colonel Teofil LAPINSKI
[Lapinski, Teofil (1826-1886), was born in 1826 in Galicia. See below!].

The most tragic image is depicted by the January Uprising - even if we omit the mysterious thread of Leopold Kronenberg, who first organized the purchase of arms for a million rubles [see: Andrzej Szczesniak's work], but after the fall of Uprising he was decorated by the Tsar with the Holy Wlodzimierz Order.

Kronenberg took from Russian a lifelong nobility in a situation where the emperor could not know about this million rubles, as the arms fell into Russian hands as a result of betrayal. Copyright by Stanislaw Michalkiewicz.

After the arrest of dictator Langiewicz, the Jewish people, Henryk Wohl and Leopold Kronenberg were appointed as financial advisors of the Uprising.

Volunteers from Sweden through Berlin reached the territory of the Great Poland in July 1863. The Swedish press later wrote that all three were sent deep into Russia, and that they were sentenced to a year of stay in the Modlin Fortress; on their search, went to Warsaw, equipped with a Swedish passport, Rafal Tugendhold. Deeply connected with the underground activity.
He was a very complicated and tragic figure, the author of publications about Poland and the uprising, published in Sweden under the pseudonym Stefan Poles. Tugenhold was even admitted to the citadel in Warsaw, but no traces of Swedish volunteers could be found.
Meanwhile, the efforts of Swedish diplomacy have been effective. The three of them were transported to Warsaw in February 1864 and after a further two weeks they were detained to the Prussian border.

Note to Colonel Teofil Lapinski:

The 1877-1878 Russian - Turkish War and
von Unruh [of the Great Poland family] = General Artur Niepokojczycki + Michal Domontowicz = Michal Demontowicz [Mihail Domontovits, 1830 - 1902, General Major in 1875] - Aleksandra Kollataj [+ the Webb couple] - Lenin + Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand + Inessa Armand - Miezonka + Lubuszany / Berezyna of Potocki "Templar's" net:

The then Central National Committee sent in October, November and December 1862 to a commission established and residing in Paris, 140000 zlotys for the purchase of weapons. Since then, it has been sending important funds, on the fastest delivery of weapons to the country.

The main Polish activists were Jozef Cwierciakiewicz in Paris and in Krolewiec [for Domontowicz], and Langiewicz in GENUA and London [together with Bonfort], later a dictator in 1863;
in Vienna were Pietraszkiewicz and Jozef Kwiatkowski from Warsaw;
in Katowice - Janczewski and Maciejowski;
in Paris - Jozef Ordega;
Liege - Aleksander Guttre.

Domontowicz / Demontowicz and TEOFIL Lapinski had a Sweden weapon form, and send it to Zmudz - see a letter from the National Government to Domontowicz on 10 April 1863.

Giuseppe Mazzini revealed a lot of good will, even with cash uploaded the Zmudz expedition of Domontowicz and Lapinski.

With the outbreak of the January Uprising in 1863, the idea of a nautical expedition to Zmudz sprouted among the Polish political emigres. The closing of the border between Prussia and the Kingdom of Poland effectively cut off the possibility of buying arms from abroad. The way around this problem seemed to be delivery by sea.
Initially, the commander of the project was to be one of its co-creators, General Ludwik Mieroslawski, but due to internal disputes, which caused that the entire operation was difficult to keep secret, Mieroslawski resigned.

Jozef Cwierciakiewicz, a representative of the Provisional National Government, came to Paris from London. He turned to offer the command of this adventurous, to Colonel Teofil Lapinski.

Teofil Lapinski vel Teffik-bej born ca 1826, d. 1886 in Lwow. He studied in Vienna. And served the Turkish Army. In 1857 - 1859 helped the Circassians. In 1864 co-operated with Wladyslaw Ewaryst Broel-Plater

{b. 1808, d. 1889, MP in 1831, acted in Rapperswil in 1870, the son of Kazimierz PLATER 1779-1819, and Apolinara Zaba 1784-1847;
the grandson of Jan Plater, 1759-1789 and ANNA WOLLOWICZ.
Wladyslaw Plater in 1868 made plans to set up the Anti-Moscow League.
Above Wladyslaw Ewaryst's great-grandfather: Jan Ludwik Plater, SECOND, 1700-1764}.

In 1878, Teofil Lapinski vel Teffik-bej back to Lwow.

At that time, in 1863, Lapinski was a man - a legend. Karl Marx wrote about his actions from London to the American newspaper "New York Daily Tribune".
His true fame brought Lapinski to his achievements in the Muslim Caucasus where he found himself in 1857 as the commander of the Polish unit. There, for three years, he supported Cherkess in their heroic fight against the Russians.

They were thinking in Paris, to deport Swedish-French troops in COURLAND, but this project has come to an end when Bismarck declared that Prussia never it will allow. The insurgents landing in Lithuania supported, among others, Garibaldi and Emperor Napoleon III.
Lapinski to take command of the ship "Ward Jackson".
Unfortunately, rumors about the organization of the expedition reached the Russians. This was caused, among others, by infiltration of Polish emigre circles by Russian agents. Probably even the secretary of Lapinski was on the services of the Russian embassy in London.

Just in case, on 16 February, 1863, the Governor of Vilnius, General Nazimov, declared martial law in the area of Belarus and Lithuania.
On March 22, 1863, not without obstacles, the ship "Ward Jackson" along with a 145-person insurgent unit (108 Poles and 37 foreigners), went into the sea. In addition to the crew, the insurgents were a member of the plot of Piotr Sciegienny in 1844, an activist of the Democratic Society of Poland, deputy commissar of the Temporary National Government, Leon Mazurkiewicz and Jozef Demontowicz / Jozef Domontowicz, the commissioner of the National Government to the Scandinavian countries.

Lapinski decided to reach Lithuania, and for the rest of the funds he bought weapons and ammunition. The "Emilie" sailing ship, June 3rd, began to flow towards the former Polish lands, and finally, it would be just 10 miles from Klaipeda. Lapinski decided to take shelter with the crew in Sweden. They take a course to the island of Gotland, where they arrived on June 14, 1863.

Jozef Demontowicz / Jozef Blazej Demontowicz / Jozef Domontowicz (born 1823, died 1876 in Stockholm) - insurgent activist, delegate of the National Government to the Scandinavian countries.
In 1860 - 1861 he co-organized socialist circles in Kaunas, in March 1862 he became the plenipotentiary of the Central National Committee for Western Prussia (present Pomerania). In September 1862, his area of activity grew to include Greater Poland.
In December 1862, he traveled to Liege and Berlin to buy weapons for the January Uprising. Weapons were sent via Gdansk and Krolewiec, transports were supervised by Demontowicz.
In 1863, a sea trip from London to Zmudz failed, then Jozef Demontowicz decided not to return to the homeland seized by the invaders. He stayed in Stockholm, where he was the National Government delegate to the Scandinavian countries and the Commissioner of this Government in Sweden.
He kept in touch with Michal Bakunin.
After the fall of the January Uprising he settled permanently in Stockholm, helped emigres from Poland on social issues.

DEMONTOWICZ Jozef Blazej (1823-1876)
was the son of
Ildefons Demontowicz, born ca 1780/1790 [Jan Ildefons Demontowicz - the Wilno official in 1823], and Katarzyna Schultz (m. ca 1822).

The White Committee:
Goutre / Aleksander Guttre / Aleksander Goutry,
Adam Czartoryski;
Wladyslaw Niegolewski,
Kosinski, who after 1846 was sentenced to death;
Zygmunt Jaraczewski,
Wladyslaw Wolewicz,
Roger Baczynski;
Domontowicz.

Unknown Domontowicz was the owner of Poszawsze, in Zmudz; near Cytowiany, 30 km south-east to Szawle.

Now on Kollataj - Domontowicz branch:

Ludwik Kollataj born in 1814 in Przedborz, was the son of Jozef Kollataj, and named Ludwik was exiled to the Caucasus after the January Uprising in 1863.
His daughter-in-law, Aleksandra Domontowicz was the wife of Wlodzimierz, and she made a staggering career in Soviet Russia. It was she who supported Lenin in April 1917 in Petrograd.

Aleksandra Michajlowna Kollontaj nee Domontowicz, b. 1872 in Petersburg. The daughter of
General of the Russian army, Michail Domontowicz, commander in the Russian-Turkish war (1877-1878), then head of the office of the Russian Embassy in Bulgaria in 1878-1879,
and his wife Aleksandra Masalin-Mrawinska, daughter of a rich Finnish wood trader.

Ivan Domontovich / JAN DOMONTOWICZ

[Domontovich, Ivan Mikhailovich born ca 1640, - the general in Little Russia; at the meeting in Konotop on June 17, 1672, among other signed the statement to the Moscow Tsar. In 1672, Samoilovich transferred the village of Kudrovka to the possession of General Domontovich "for feeding". Family: the daughter Euphrosyne, was married to Prokhor Ivanovich Zabela.

Remember - George (Yuri) Ivanovich Domontowicz, born about 1754, was married to Anastasia Ivanovna Tovstoles [Tolstoj ?] (she is the great-grandmother of Alexandra Mikhailovna Kollontai).

Above Ivan remained in history as the founder of St. Nicholas' Cathedral (1680) in Krupitsky Nikolsky Monastery. JAN b. ca 1710 [see on the genealogy], was the son of MICHAL Domontowicz b. ca 1680 ? - and grandson of IVAN Domontowicz / Ivan Ivanovitsch Domontovich = Demontowicz, senior, b. ca 1660, the son of Ivan, oldest, b. ca 1640 - above named !].

Jan Domontowicz (ca 1710 ? - 1780) had a son -
George Domontowicz (ca 1754-1823) - Jurij / JERZY DOMONTOWICZ

[did Jerzy Domontowicz have a brother Jan Demontowicz, born ca 1755? who had a son Ildefons Demontowicz born ca 1780/1790 = Jan Ildefons Demontowicz of Wilno; Ildefon's son was DEMONTOWICZ Jozef Blazej (1823-1876)]

and two grandsons:
1.
Ludwik Kollataj / Ludwig Kollontai, b. ca 1800 / 1820 ! + Praskovya;
2.
Alexey Domontowicz (1790-1853) + Maria Stepanovna (?).

Alexey Domontowicz had a son
General Mikhail / Michal Domontowicz / General Major Michal Aleksander Domontowicz (1830-1902) + Alexandra Masalin-Mravinskaya (? -1901)
with a daughter - Alexandra Domontowicz Kollontai (1872-1952).


The main political objectives set by Tadeusz Grabianka:

1.
Universal Society.

The Polish Count Tadeusz Grabianka influenced by the Christian mysticism, contained a "Plan" for a Universal Society [Chastanier], which was to work for the Swedenborg works.

2.
The mass revolution - like in France 1789.

3.
Occupation of Jerusalem.

4.
Polish messianism

- by Robert Collis and Natalie Bayer:

"... Despite Grabianka proclaiming that 'the light must be spread from the north', the New Israel Society never propounded a messianic doctrine in which the Russian emperor and his nation would play the leading role in ushering in the millennial reign of Christ. Grabianka reserved the preeminent role in the imminent drama for himself (as King of the New Israel). Furthermore, the society remained resolutely cosmopolitan, attracting aristocrats, clergymen and enthusiasts from across the length and breadth of the European continent. These 'People of God' were not defined by nationality, but by their shared faith that membership in the New Israel Society secured them entry into the long- awaited New Jerusalem. In the decade after Grabianka's death this cosmopolitan form of millenarianism was swept aside in Russia by a rising tide of providentialism, especially after 1812 ...

It has been well documented that this messianic eschatological discourse was greatly influenced by two of the foremost Christian theosophists of the age - Eckartshausen and Jung-Stilling - as well as by the famous Livonian mystic Barbara von Krudener (1764-1824).

Significantly, none of these figures posed a challenge to the civil authority of the Russian authorities or to the moral mandate central to many Masonic rites, and, most crucially, Jung-Stilling and Krudener set forth a messianic role for the emperor that was denied by the New Israel Society. ...".

The Polish "imperialist" messianism is quite old and it was born of a polemic of the Reformation day.

"The chosen people" called Poles.

Wojciech Dębołęcki predicted to the Poles, rule over the world.

In the eighteenth century there was already a flood of prophetic texts.
In Avignon, the Polish nobleman Tadeusz Grabianka proclaimed himself a messiah and he claimed that the spirit of Israel joined the Poles, with whom he, Grabianka, would gain dominion over the world.

Polish Messianism was based on the idea of ​​the earthly salvation of humanity.

The political program postulated by him was based on moral and spiritual superiority, thanks which "Polish cause" was to triumph over the invaders. In philosophical terms, he drew from Jakob Bohm's mysticism and Emanuel Swedenborg, Sarmatism and Slavophilia.

5.

Prometeizm:

On the political and social goals propagated by Tadeusz Grabianka, grew up a hundred years later, the Promethean movement of Jozef Pilsudski.
Prometheism was also called the political project of Jozef Pilsudski against the Soviet Union in the interwar period.

The Promethean movement coordinated and supported materially in 1921-1939 of some emigre governments and independence organizations of nations conquered by Soviet Russia in 1918-1921.

6.

Taking over state power in tsarist Russia.

In 1785, Tadeusz Grabianka went to Avignon to be created there the Pernety Avignon Iluminates Association and the alchemical laboratory.

He arrived at the place as the ruler of the New Israel - after taking control of the Russian state of tsars and occupation of Jerusalem - he will become the Polish king. He soon reorganized the sect under a new name the Kingdom of the New Israel.

7.

Independence of Poland

- see: 'Masoni a kultura i niepodległość Polski' by Adam Witold Wysocki.

And on Natalie Bayer and Robert Collis [The University of Sussex, United Kingdom and The University of Turku, Finland - at academia.edu]:

"...Between 1802 and 1807 many of the leading members of the society, including the Polish nobleman Tadeusz Grabianka (1740-1807), the so-called 'King of the New Israel', were resident in St. Petersburg. Drawing on archival material related to the interrogation of Grabianka and other members of the society after their arrest in 1807, this paper charts the initial Russian connections to the group in Avignon prior to the French Revolution. ...
On January 13, 1807, the Committee for the Preservation of General Security ... was established in St. Petersburg ... [NOVOSILTSEV] reflected the influence of Augustin Barruel and John Robison, who argued that secret societies were responsible for unleashing and overseeing the French Revolution. The conspiratorial theories advanced by Barruel and Robison were first translated into Russian in 1805 and 1806 respectively.
Thus, Novosiltsev was able to draw on these works at a time when Russia faced a foreign threat.

On February 6, 1807, within a month of being established, the Committee arrested Tadeusz Grabianka (1740-1807), a Polish nobleman ...
who had been resident in St. Petersburg since August 1805. Grabianka's incarceration was probably the foremost priority of the Committee, as since 1778 he had played a [top] role in the Illumines d'Avignon, or New Israel Society.

Indeed, it was this very society, according to Barruel, that formed 'the most secret and monstrous of Lodges, and form the most terrible tribunal for Kings ... which pointed out the Sovereign that was to fall, named the assassin, prepared the poisons, or sharpened the dagger.'

The Russian authorities took these sensational claims very seriously. They suspected that Grabianka, who held the lofty title of 'King of the New Israel' within the society, was fomenting revolutionary sentiment in support of both Polish sovereignty and Napoleonic France. ...
No formal sentence was ever passed against Grabianka, as he died in prison on October 6, nine months to the day after first being arrested. ...

he underwent lengthy interrogations - along with Nicolas Simonin and Francois Leyman, two fellow members of the New Israel Society
... Consequently, the Russian authorities catalogued a wealth of evidence, including detailed statements by Grabianka, Leyman and Simonin, as well as notebooks that recorded, among other things, the prophecies of the Sacred Word ...
The officials overseeing the case also recorded the key accusations levelled against Grabianka, as well as providing a summary of the proceedings for the benefit of Emperor Alexander. ...
In 1860, Mikhail N. Longinov wrote a biographical article on Grabianka in which he evidently made use of documents from the fonds, although he provided no references. In recent years, Andrei I. Serkov has referred to the documents in his work on Russian Freemasonry ...

Indeed, a study of the New Israel Society's links with Russia between 1788 and 1807 goes some way to bridging the gap between the first wave of so-called 'Martinism' in Russia in the mid-1780s, and Alexander I's embrace of millenarian mysticism in the wake of the invasion of Napoleon's Grand Armee in 1812 ...
document compiled by Pierre Pechard Deschamps, a French legal referendary working for the Committee of General Security, who had also been Novosil'tsev's secretary since 1799.

... eighteen points in his case against Grabianka, nine of which directly related to Russia.

These are:
1.

Over the course of nineteen years (since 1788), Grabianka had collected prophecies containing violent pronouncements against Russian sovereigns.

2.
Among these, in one God allegedly prophesied the destruction of the Russian Empire and the murder of the tsar.

3.
The society had sent a messenger to the Russian Emperor, that is, Paul Petrovich (1754-1801), in order to convince him to pray and to convert him into a fellow zealot and to emulate the role of Jacob. This would seemingly be a reference to Isaiah ...

4.
The leaders of the New Israel Society in Avignon had hatched a terrible conspiracy against Catherine II.

5.
The Empress unmasked the plans of the sectarians, but they continued to operate in Avignon and Paris.

6.
The four leaders of the sect had arrived in Russia and drawn close to notable Russians.

7.
Tadeusz Grabianka arrived in Russia and created a sect in which he hoped to enrich himself by attracting new initiates.

8.
The laws and oath of the sect were directed against the Greek faith and the state.

9.

The leaders of the sect were under the direction of Russia's enemies and the society was prepared for the second coming of Christ and to rule over the people.

The Russian authorities' persistent line of inquiry regarding the New Israel Society's alleged plot to assassinate Catherine the Great and their general prophetic pronouncements against Russian sovereigns can be traced to a specific question posed to the Oracle in Avignon on October 14, 1788. On this day Francois-Louis de la Richardiere, a Parisian physician and leading member of the society, asked the Archangel Gabriel whether it approved of him instigating correspondence with a certain Madame Le Maire d'Attigny in Russia.

The answer he received was that d'Attigny should leave Russia if she did not wish to perish, as the archangel would soon ravage the whole empire and would strike down the sovereign with a sword. This would apparently give her what she had deserved some twenty years earlier.

... Madame Le Maire d'Attigny followed the advice of the Oracle, as she did indeed leave St. Petersburg, where, according to Grabianka's testimony, in 1788 she had been employed as a governess in various families. In November 1789, a Swedish nobleman, Gustaf Reuterholm, noted that d'Attigny had made her way to Avignon from Petersburg and had been initiated.
... Madame d'Attigny, as she was one of the leaders of the sect who came to reside in St. Petersburg prior to Grabianka's arrival in the city. It was precisely at the time that the Oracle began making ominous prophecies about the fate of Russia that the society in Avignon initiated its first Russian:
Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802).
Pleshcheev's arrival in Avignon in the autumn of 1788 marked the culmination of something of an odyssey through France and Switzerland in which he sought out the foremost Illuminist sages of the era:
Saint-Martin in Strasbourg,
Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730-1824) in Lyon, and
Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) in Zurich, among others.

Pleshcheev, an officer in the Russian navy and a Freemason since at least 1776, was a close confidante of Grand Duke Paul and had helped plan for, and escorted the Russian heir on, his Grand Tour of Europe in 1781-1782. Moreover, he journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg (1736-1798), who was herself initiated into the society. On November 4, 1788, Richardiere asked the Oracle whether Pleshcheev could joint heir union. The Oracle replied affirmatively. Consequently, Pleshcheev underwent an extraordinary nine-day initiation ... referred to as Mont Thabor - near Avignon. On the first day, Pleshcheev and members of the society ascended to the summit of the hill.

...
Amazingly, the written records of a conversation between Emperor Paul and Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1732- 1798), the last Polish king, which took place on September 15, 1797, suggest that Pleshcheev had indeed revealed a great deal about the New Israel Society to the Russian heir-apparent.

Paul describes in highly favorable terms to Poniatowski how he heard of the 'Avignon brotherhood' about 'eight years ago' and that 'they live very devoutly'.
He added that he was told that 'in 1800, after terrible earthly strife, a full peace will occur that will come from the North'.

Paul also confessed to Poniatowski that he was 'awaiting the advance of these great upheavals, which ... are near'.

Thus, Pechard-Deschamps had good grounds to accuse the New Israel Society of pronouncing violent prophecies against the Russian Empire and her sovereigns, as well as sending a messenger to try and convert Paul.

... According to Grabianka, the society suspended activities in Avignon on October 28, 1800, after a turbulent decade and as a result of dwindling membership. Five years later, not only Grabianka, but also
three other leaders of the society were resident in St. Petersburg:

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the society and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699);

Madame Le Maire d'Attigny (born ca 1742), the Great Mother;

and Nicolas Simonin, the Interpreter of Dreams. ...

At the same time, geopolitical factors brought St. Petersburg firmly into Grabianka's orbit. Indeed, since the Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1793, Grabianka, as a Podolian nobleman, had officially been a Russian subject. Thus, when he sought to return to his family estate in October 1802, he sought a passport to travel from Arkadii Ivanovich Morkov (1747-1827), the Russian Ambassador in Paris, which he duly received.

... Grabianka spent two and a half years in Podolia, where he was able to utilize the support of at least three local noblemen:

Josef August Illinskii (1766-1844);
Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (1752-1805);
and
Marcin Tarnowski (1778-1862), his nephew, whose parents had been consecrated into the New Israel Society in Berlin in 1779.

Illinskii, in particular, was able to offer abundant financial support as well as fervent belief in Grabianka's mission. Indeed, Grabianka wrote to brethren in Avignon that Illinskii had prophesized that he would 'be in possession of his lands before the following May 18'.
This referred to Grabianka's goal of being elected Polish king as a necessary step toward being crowned the king of New Israel.

Moreover, Grabianka was able to reside in Illinskii's home in St. Petersburg which was located near the Kharlamov Bridge over the Catherine Canal (now the Griboedov Canal), when he decided that 'it will be possible to find more sources and more means of undertaking and completing something [when] living in the capital, near the Court'.
On arrival in Petersburg in August 1805 along with Simonin, Grabianka was able to consolidate a support network that Lefort and d'Attigny had developed since 1802. Lefort was the first of the society's leaders to arrive in Petersburg, on September 1, 1802. In the capital he quickly became reacquainted with

Sofia Stepanovna Razumovskaia (1746-1803),

Louis de la Forest Divonne (1765-1838),

and Rodion Aleksandrovich Koshelev (1749-1827),

who all shared his theosophical outlook.

Indeed, Divonne was a fellow initiate of the New Israel Society. Furthermore, Lefort soon took on the position of governor of the children of Natal'ia Fedotovna Pleshcheeva (1765 -1855), the widow of Pleshcheev, who had died in early 1802. We do not know the precise role of Pleshcheeva in the New Israel Society, but Grabianka did write at the time that the widow had 'rendered small services to me'.

A contemporary, Matvei Matveevich Muromtsev (1788-1879), also noted many years later that Pleshcheeva hosted Grabianka and that many meetings of the society took place in her home.

In 1804, Lefort also secured a position for d'Attigny as governess in Pleshcheeva's household. Soon, however, d'Attigny appears to have retired from service and was able to take up residence in the home of
Mariia Antonovna Naryshkina (1779-1854) / NARYSZKIN, the Polish mistress of the Emperor.

Intriguingly, Grabianka wrote that 'I am convinced for several reasons to think that she [d'Attigny] did not arrive there [in Naryshkina's home] for nothing. God will do with her what he wants'.

In 1805, Simonin too secured a position as governor of the children of Pavel Petrovich Ushakov (1779-1853) in the Mikhailovskii Palace.
Although Lefort left Petersburg in August 1806 in order to accompany Pleshcheeva and her daughter to Lausanne, Grabianka wrote that he had only been 'necessary until I arrived in St. Petersburg'.
We do not know whether Naryshkina or Ushakov were active members of the New Israel Society, but whatever the case they did help to provide a means for d'Attigny and Simonin to proselytize among the Petersburg nobility.

By December 1806 Grabianka was able to boast of his popularity among the Petersburg elite. ... Grabianka also succeeded in winning over the influential support of the preeminent Petersburg Freemason Aleksandr Fyodorovich Labzin, as well as the other brethren associated with the Dying Sphinx Lodge ... including Grigorii Maksimovich Pokhodiashin (born ca 1760) and Aleksandr Alekseevich Lenivtsev (d. 1818). In effect, Grabianka succeeded in winning over the ...
Petersburg's Illuminist Masonic community.

At the time Labzin first became acquainted with Grabianka, he was not only the Grand Master of the Dying Sphinx Lodge but was also the foremost publisher of mystical literature in Russia.
Between 1801 and 1806 Labzin translated and published a series of key works of contemporary Christian mysticism by Karl von Eckartshausen (1752-1803) and Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling (1740-1817). ...

In attracting Pokhodiashin to the New Israel Society, Grabianka also secured the support of a figure who, according to M. K. Longinov, held 'important significance in the history of Martinists' in Russia in the late eighteenth century.

From the early 1780s Pokhodiashin became one of the most loyal supporters of Nikolai Ivanovich Novikov (1744 -1818), providing crucial financial support over many years. ...".


During 1795-1799 period, the initiation hierarchy was established by TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, and the temple of the Avinion Illuminati was modeled on the Solomon Temple.

In 1799, Tadeusz Grabianka left France and he went to the AUSTRIA = Galicia for a short time, and then to Russia in 1802 in Ukraine, then in St Petersburg. There he entered the circle of aristocracy.

Tadeusz Grabianka in 1802 found himself in Russia, i.e. in Ukraine.

In the autumn of 1804, Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanisław Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

"... Indeed, since the Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1793, Tadeusz Grabianka, as a Podolian nobleman, had officially been a Russian subject. Thus, when he sought to return to his family estate in October 1802, he sought a passport to travel from Arkadii Ivanovich Morkov (1747-1827), the Russian Ambassador in Paris, which he duly received.
... Tadeusz Grabianka spent two and a half years in Podolia, where he was able to utilize the support of at least three local noblemen:
I.
Josef August Illinskii (1766-1844) = JOZEF ILINSKI;
II.
Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (1752-1805);
and
III.
Marcin Tarnowski (1778-1862), his nephew, whose parents had been consecrated into the New Israel Society in Berlin in 1779".

I.

Josef August Illinskii = Jozef August Ilinski.

See:

Izydor Borovsky / Isidor Borowski in 1776 born in Warsaw, Poland - d. 1837 or 1838, his mother was a Jew and his father was a Polish nobleman (the illegitimate son of Prince Radziwill ?); 1794 under Kosciuszko in Poland; 1797 in Italy - the Polish Legions; in 1801 - 1802 / 1803 at Haiti served the French Army. Borowski developed great military abilities in the service of that warlike prince, and took for him the strong town of Cochan in Khorassan. Later he took the castle of Sarakhs and made prisoner the leader of the Turkomans. After the death of Abbas in 1833, Borowski gave most essential assistance to Abbas' son, Mohamed Mirza (Muhammad / Mahmud 1834), and enabled him to ascend the throne of his grandfather. The English were behind most of the military undertakings of the Persians in those days, and Borowski was looked upon as an English general, and even wore the uniform.
But he forsook the interests of the British government and joined the Russian party in Persia, and was shot at the siege of Herat (war 1838 against the Turkmens; but close to Herat in 1836 fought Count Antoni Aleksander Ilinski).

Note:

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

Jozef August Iliński born in 1766, General, the owner of Zytomierz until 1796, supporter of IGNACY POTOCKI;

the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński;

Jozef August Ilinski married to Antonina Leonora Komorowska 1770-1838, the daughter of
Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski, born in 1697 or in 1724 - died in 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawłowska;

the granddaughter of Michał Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670

{Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670, and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].
Michał Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.

Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670- 1719 and
Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska
[Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka;
they had all 4 sons: above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski; above named Ignacy Komorowski; Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice; and Piotr d. 1747}.

II.

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski / Count Marcin Amor Tarnowski, born in 1778 in Kozin.

Kozin / Kozyn, in the ROWNO county, close to Radziwillow. The estate belonged to Hojski / Gojski; Firlej; and to Tarnowski - that is Jan Amor Tarnowski met here, in the palace, King Stanislaw August, in 1787 on the way to Kaniow to the Empress Catherine II. And belonged to Kajetan Amor Tarnowski - inf. of 1738. After the partitions, the Kozin commune was in the Volhynia Province.

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, d. 1862; he served the 16th Cavalry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy, and the 3rd Horse Rifles of the Congress Kingdom - the Galician campaign when the Tarnowskis formed an regiment; the campaign of 1812 under General Latour-Maubourde [Rohaczow, Smolensk, Dubrowna, Mozajsk, Kaluga and Borysow], and the campaign in 1813.

Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society.
The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.
Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator, the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794, son of mentioned Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianki from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.
He started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga. In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski; in Stryj and Sambor; Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamowka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Konigstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden. He was taken prisoner (November 8); the army of the Kingdom of Poland, on January 20, 1815, he commanded the 3rd Rifle Division of the Kingdom of Poland. However, he resigned on December 9, 1815.

He settled in Wolyn, where he was active member of the Patriotic Society, 1821, as the head of the Volhynia province, as its president, he was also the vice-president of the central committee for the Kiev, Podolia and Wolyn provinces, whose formal president was KAROL PROZOR; Marcin Tarnowski knew about the contacts of the Society's emissaries with the Russian decembrists.

MARCIN TARNOWSKI was arrested in 1826; transfered several times to the prisons of Warsaw and St. Petersburg (here he sat in the Pietropavlovsk Fortress). He tried to suicide in prison (1827); his wife Zofia Tarnowska fell into oblivion.

Finally sentenced to a month of fortress and year of police supervision. In 1829 he returned to Wolyn;
on the eve of the November Uprising in 1831, he was taken back to Russia, he was sent to Skier; released after a few years, he settled in his Podberezka palace in the village of Berezka near Krzemieniec in Ukraine;

in 1854 he supported the plans of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. He became the marshal of the nobility in Krzemieniec.

Shortly before his death he came to Krakow [compare the TEMPLARS and General Franciszek Paszkowski !]. He died on November 20/21 or 22, 1862 in CRACOW.

The Scytheman's society = KOSYNIERZY, headed by Denerowski, with senior officers of the Polish army, such as Mielzynski and Uminski, Marcin Tarnowski from Wolyn, Lukasinski. Olizar in his Memoirs called the Patriotic Society - as the Society of Kosynierzy = SCYTHEMAN. The Russians suggested that the Poles join in a conspiracy against the imperial family; the Poles replied that they fought for the freedom of the country, but do not want to make secret conspiracies against the regime of the state in Russia.
The commanders in 1807 were recently Jacobins' conspirators in Galicia: Kazimierz Rozwadowski; Gabriel Rzyszczewski; Colonel Marcin Tarnowski.
Jan Amor Tarnowski born in 1735 in Krasnobrod, died ca 1799, General major of the Crown troops, captain of the National Cavalry of 1775-1783, count, poet and philosopher,
was the father of Marcin.

JAN was the son of KAJETAN AMOR TARNOWSKI.

Jan Amor, Count Tarnowski, lived also in Markuszewa / Markuszow / Markuszew - a settlement in Poland, in the Pulawy district.

KAROL PROZOR was Freemason in 1808, and two years later he was at the head of the Lithuanian lodge. In 1812, after the beginning of the Napoleonic campaign, PROZOR and his family stayed with their sister Marianna Bykowska (died in 1833) in the Mahilyow governorate.
He was appointed to the five-person Government Committee of the Lithuania, appointing him a Treasury Minister. The confederation was signed in Mogilev; Napoleon received the delegation coldly.

In 1821 Karol Prozor joined the Patriotic Society and he was elected to the so-called Provincial Council in Lithuania. He acted with Michał Romer in Poprawy near Vilnius. Soon after, he was appointed by Marcin Tarnowski as the president of the Central Committee of three provinces: Podolia, Wołyń and Kijow.

We back to the genealogy of CONSPIRATOR, Marcin Tarnowski:
Jan Amor Tarnowski, b. 1735, the son of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski and Anastazja Bogusz / Bohusz / Anastazja Anna Tarnowska, 2 voto Jozef Mier; Jan was the half-brother of Albert Mier.

Named Kajetan Amor Tarnowski, born in 1706 in Tarnow, died in 1748; the son of Aleksander Dominik Amor Tarnowski, Count, and Marianna.
Father of Aleksandra Strojnowska; Jan Amor Tarnowski; Fortunat Antoni Tarnowski; and Marianna Mier.

They have genealogical - family relationships to Henryka Komorowska (Mier) b. 1840 in Szufnarowa; the daughter of Tytus Mier; the wife of
Wojciech Jerzy Edward Komorowski Count;
mother of Jerzy Komorowski; Maria Magdalena; Stefan Komorowski and Adam Graf von Liptowa und Orawa-Komorowski.

And they have genealogical - family relationships to Adam Graf von Liptowa und Orawa-Komorowski b. 1864 in Zywiec;
they come from Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, the son of Michal Jozef Komorowski.

Explanation:

Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1724-1781 = Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, the grandson of Michal Jozef Komorowski [NOT son !].

Note:

Teresa Oziemblowski, m. Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758
[Bartlomiej had son Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723 in South Moravia; - see President Bronislaw Komorowski; and daughter Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Pilsudska !]
who was son of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1680 and Zofia Polanska;
and grandson of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660.

Compare the lines in the genealogy of the Komorowski family:

Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of mentioned Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781,
who was the grandson or the son of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670,
and grandson of Jan Komorowski OLDEST, b. ca 1640 - 1700,
who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].

Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd. Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670- 1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska [Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka; they had all 4 sons: above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski; above named Ignacy Komorowski; Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice; and Piotr d. 1747.

Franciszek Komorowski b. 1723 was Antoni's grandfather.

Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska Komorowska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajuralis, close to Silale, and died in 1791 in Silale, the Taurage County, Lithuania.
Franciszek Pilsudski / Pilsudzki was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below}
- she was mother of Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz.

And we back to the PILSUDSKIS:

Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Pilsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)

[with son - above named Franciszek Pilsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Ronne / Roenne / RONNE, barons - see OGINSKI !}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + above Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707} and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Pilsudski + Helena Strutynska; and great-grandson Stanislaw Pilsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyc]

was brother of Roch Pilsudski b. ca 1680 + Malgorzata Pancerzynska who had son
Kazimierz Ludwik Pilsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Dss Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

Mentioned above
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski - b. ca 1750 / 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska;
oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka was died !;
next brother Colonel Jozef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie.

III.

Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751):

In 1799, Tadeusz Grabianka left France and he went to Galicia for a short time, and then to Russia in St Petersburg. There he entered the circle of aristocracy;

in the autumn of 1804, Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

The first on JAN Potocki:

in 1785, Jan Potocki in Warsaw married Julia (1767-1794), the daughter of Izabela Lubomirski and the cousin to Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (1770-1861). They moved home to Paris for 2 years. 1786, was born Alfred (1786-1862). Potocki make friends with Lady de Stahl.

In 1787, was born Artur POTOCKI (1787-1832), the TEMPLAR.

Jan Potocki come to Spa, with Anna Teresa and Lady de Genlis [see below]. Potocki stayed in Antwerpia, then in England; back to Paris.

1788 - JAN POTOCKI met Stanislaw August the King.
Moved to Ukraina; met Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki; he, in Lublin, met Seweryn Potocki.
In Poznan and Sroda - he is elected a Great Poland deputy.
JAN Potocki corresponds with his brother-in-law, Ignacy Potocki; Jan inherited together with Seweryn Potocki the property of Jozef Potocki and Wincenty Potocki in Ukraine. In November, a political club with 150 members was founded in Warsaw.

Remember -
Aleksandra Potocka, with nick-name Aleksandryna

(1818-1892, born in St Petersburg, the daughter of Stanislaw Septym Potocki;

the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki 1751-1805;
the great-granddaughter of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, 1700-1772,
who was the son of Jozef Potocki (died 1723), and grandson of Feliks Kazimierz "Szczesny" Potocki (1630-1702), the great-grandson of Stanislaw "Rewera" Potocki, 1589-1667),

married her cousin August Potocki

(= August Aleksander Potocki b. 1805; the son of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778; the grandson of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki b. 1755; the great-grandson of Eustachy Potocki born in 1720; the great-great-grandson of Jerzy Potocki who was the son of Feliks Kazimierz Potocki 1630-1702, and grandson of Stanislaw Rewera Potocki).

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice
[I had explained incorrect inf. on Jerzy Dunin-Wasowicz of the 18th century].

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892]

(K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogrod.
LUBUSZANY - 13 km to MIEZONKA),

to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz

(born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! - the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN; the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA; the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze;
the great-great-granddaughter of Jozef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn),

the wife of the Galicja governor - Andrzej Potocki.

IV.

"... Pleshcheeva hosted TADEUSZ Grabianka and many meetings of the society took place in her home.

In 1804, Lefort also secured a position for d'Attigny as governess in Pleshcheeva's household. Soon, however, d'Attigny appears to have retired from service and was able to take up residence in the home of Mariia Antonovna Naryshkina (1779-1854) / NARYSZKIN, the Polish mistress of the Emperor.

Intriguingly, Grabianka wrote that 'I am convinced for several reasons to think that she [d'Attigny] did not arrive there [in Naryshkina's home] for nothing. God will do with her what he wants'.

In 1805, Simonin too secured a position as governor of the children of Pavel Petrovich Ushakov (1779-1853) in the Mikhailovskii Palace.

Although Lefort left Petersburg in August 1806 in order to accompany Pleshcheeva and her daughter to Lausanne, Grabianka wrote that he had only been 'necessary until I arrived in St. Petersburg'.

We do not know whether Naryshkina or Ushakov were active members of the New Israel Society, but whatever the case they did help to provide a means for d'Attigny and Simonin to proselytize among the Petersburg nobility".

Maria Antonovna Naryshkina / Maria NARYSHKIN, 1779 - 1854, nee Princess Maria Czetwertynska- Swiatopelk,
was a Polish mistress of Tsar Alexander I of Russia for 13 years.

She was the daughter of the Polish prince Antoni Stanislaw Czetwertynski-Swiatopelk and his wife, Tekla Kampenhausen. In 1795, she married Dmitry Lvovich Naryshkin. In 1799, she entered into a relationship with Alexander, who became tsar in 1801. Alexander was persuaded to leave her in 1818. Her son was: Emanuel Naryshkin (1813 - 1901).

Mentioned
Prince Antoni Stanislaw Czetwertynski-Swiatopelk (1748-1794),
was the son of Wlodzimierz Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski and Teresa. Mentioned Wlodzimierz Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski b. 1720, was the son of
GABRIEL = Gavriil, b. ca 1680 + BARBARA STEMPKOWSKA [Stepkowska]. Gabriel Czetwertynski, the Braclaw official in 1715; his parents:
Waclaw Czetwertynski + Ludwika Wojna-Oranska. WACLAW Swiatopelk / Waclaw Czetwertynski, b. ca 1630/1635, the owner of Stara Czetwertnia, Zyczyny, and of Utejkowszczyzna in 1662 in the Czerniechow province,
the son of Hrehory Czetwertynski + Marianna Wkrynska.

Hrehory Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski b. ca 1570, died ca 1651, was the son of prince Eustachius Czetwertynski = Eustachy.

Note 1 -

Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franciszka Maria Lubomirska born in 1793 in Warsaw; her father
Teofil Wojciech Zaluski + Css Honorata Igelstrom nee Stempkowska.

Note 2 -

Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 - the daughter of MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI 1680 - 1748 [died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila], and Teresa Rydzynska.

Granddaughter of WLADYSLAW Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719 [and DOROTA], who was the son of WALERIAN, and
grandson of Duke MICHAL Woroniecki and Konstancja Stempkowski;
they come from NASTAZJA and Mateusz Maciej Woroniecki b. ca 1570 ?.

Compare with:

Alexander Troubetzkoy, born 14 July 1813, General Major, his parents: Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776, died in 1841, and mentioned Sophia Marianna von Weiss b. 1795;

above Alexander married 24 November 1852 to Marie Eugenie Gilbert de Voisins / Voisin b. 1835, and his children: Margarita Troubetzkoy b. 1857 and Alexei b. 1866.

Above Vassily mother -
Elena Nesvizky / Helena Nieswiz b. 1746 died 1831 and his father Serguei / Siergiej Troubetzkoy died 1782,
grandfather Alexey TRUBECKI born 1700 and grandmother Anna Naryshkine / NARYSHKIN b. 1704;
great-grandfather Youri Troubetzkoy by wife Elena Tcherkasskaia / Tcherkassky.

Note:

Eugeniusz Lubomirski b. 1789, d. 1834, landowner of Dubrovno close to Orsha from his father KSAWERY Lubomirski; EUGENIUSZ was the son of
Ksawery Lubomirski / Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819, and Teofila Rzewuski / Teofila Beydo-Rzewuska 1762-1831.

Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski, born in 1747, d. in 1819, 2nd married to Maria Lvovna Naryshkina / NARYSHKIN, born in 1766.

Mentioned Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski born in 1747, was the son of Stanislaw Lubomirski, born in 1704, d. 1793, married in 1740 to Ludwika Honorata Pociej.

Above named Dubrowno in the Sienno (north-east of Miezonka) catholic area; the Orsha county, Moghilev government; at present in the Vicebsk oblast; 90 km to Vicebsk, 19 km north-east of Orsza / Orsha.


Additional explanations to the person of
Jozef August Ilinski, the Tadeusz Grabianka's supporter:

Jozef August Iliński b. 1760 or in 1766 in Romanow in the Zytomierz county, MP, senator, chamberlain, head of the grenadier regiment, Polish and Russian general lieutenant and the general inspector in 1792;
a Maltese bachelor in 1797.
Named Romanow / Romaniw / Dzerżynśk.
Jozef August Iliński born in 1760/1766, General
[Jozef was maybe a brother to ILIŃSKI Jan, b. 1754 - d. bef. 1814, emigrated. Jozef ILINSKI was the brother of Ludwika Giżycka, and the half brother of Kajetan Aksak, Agnieszka Skarbek and Jozef Dąmbski, Count. Acc. to Myszkowski:

August Jozef Iliński was born on 18.08.1766 in Romanow, and had sibilings:
1.
Janusz Stanisław Iliński b. 1765, Romanow; killed in 1792, Markuszew; Chamberlain of the Polish King Stanisław August in 1785, captain of the national cavalry, General Inspector of Cavalry in 1789, the deputy of the province of Kijow in 1791.
2.
Anna Maria Ilińska b. ca 1765, 1st m. Franciszek Zabierzowski, Chamberlain of the Polish King Stanisław August in 1786; 2nd she was married to Franciszek Ksawery Brockmann.
3.
Ludwika Ilińska b. ca 1766, married Bartłomiej Giżycki d. 1827, Mołoczki, 56 km SW to Żytomierz; General, the nobility Marshal in Volhynia in 1825, the son of Kajetan Giżycki, the grandson of Bartłomiej GIZYCKI, b. 1682].

August Jozef Ilinski was the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński, born in 1731 in the DUBNO parish + Jozefa Wessel
[Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński was the owner of Romanow, the Zytomierz official, MP of Kiev, in 1779 Count;
m. 1st Marianna Jozefa Wessel 1 voto Jan Aksak;
m. 2nd Katarzyna Bielska the daughter of Jozef Bielski b. ca 1700;
m. 3rd to Anna Jakoba Braconnier.

Jan Ilinski was the son of Kazimierz Iliński born ca 1670/1690, died in 1756 in DUBNO, and Anna Suszczewicz].

Above KAZIMIERZ ILINSKI - the owner of Romanow / Romaniw ca 1710 ?; Kazimierz Iliński the owner of Romanow and Kureń / Kurne, in 1722 Colonel.
Above Kazimierz was the son of Piotr Stanisław Iliński b. ca 1650, d. 1691;
Kazimierz was the Luck and Czernichow official, 1685, m. Zofia Skarbek.

Piotr was the son of
Aleksander Iliński b. ca 1620, the Czernichow official, 1659; Aleksander m. Regina Korczewska b. ca 1620, d. 1701.

Aleksander was the son of Iwan vel Jan Iliński b. ca 1580, m. Dorota Szczepanowska b. ca 1585.

JOZEF ILINSKI / Jozef August Iliński probably was born on 18th August 1760. He was owner of the Romanow palace; the palace was surrounded by a manor park, in which there was a three-meter granite monument in the shape of a pyramid [ILLUMINATI], dedicated to the memory of General Janusz Iliński who died in 1792 near Markuszow. In the second half of the nineteenth century the palace became the property of the Stecki family.

Above
Janusz Stanisław Iliński born in 1765 in Romanow, died on July 26, 1792 near Markuszow; General. In 1785 he became the chamberlain of King Stanisław II August. Supporter of the 3rd May constitution, member of the Congregation of Friends to the Government Constitution. Member of the General Staff of the Crown Army in 1792. During the Polish-Russian war in 1792 he arrived at the headquarters of Prince Jozef Poniatowski in Kurow. He got into a skirmish with the Russians at Markuszow, where he died.

All below acc. to 'myszkowscy.pl/ilinski.html':

Janusz Stanisław Iliński b. 1765 in Romanow, was the brother of
1.
Ludwika Ilińska b. ca 1765, m. Bartłomiej Giżycki.
2.
Anna Maria Ilińska 1st m. Franciszek Zabierzowski, 2nd m. Franciszek Ksawery Brockmann.
3.
and
JOZEF ILINSKI = August Jozef Iliński, b. 1766, Romanow, the main supporter of the ILLUMINATI; Polish and Russian General.

Jozef married 3 times - 2nd to
Antonina Leonora Komorowska, 1770 [?] - 1838, but acc. to me she [Eleonora Antonina Komorowska] was born ca 1755. She was married twice: 1st to
Jozef August Iliński, b. 1760 / 1766 - died in 1844 in Saint Petersburg;
2nd Antonina Komorowska was married to Piotr Litwinow in 1811; he was the Russian General; the Kamieniec Podolski governor.

Antonina was the daughter of Jakub Komorowski died 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawłowska, d. 1791 in Lwow.

Antonina Brygitta Pawłowska in 1782 married 2nd to Jozef Szeptycki of Stanisławow.

JOZEF ILINSKI born on 18th August 1760 [or 1766], had 2 sons:
1.
Janusz Iliński known as Jan Iliński, b. 1785, in Romanow, in the ZYTOMIERZ county. Died in 1860 in BRODY, the Lviv province.
Above JANUSZ / Jan Stanisław Iliński was the owner of Tajkury and Zahoroszce; Senator and Maltese bachelor, novelist and composer.
JANUSZ's children:
1.
Aleksander Iliński b. ca 1810; the owner of Oktawiny and Tajkury in Volhynia / Wołyń; Colonel in Russia, m. in 1863 to Franciszka Klaudia Kaszowska b. 1844, 2voto Edwin Drucki Lubecki.
2.
Joanna Ilińska b. 1830 or 1834 - d. 1900, Wisbaden;
1st she was married Stanisław Worcell;
2nd to Edward Keller.

3. Leonia Maria Eleonora Ilińska, b. 1835 in Kijow, m. Adolf Kaszowski.

Note:

Stanisław Gabriel Worcell b. 1799 in Stepan;
the CONSPIRATOR, the son of Stanisław Grzegorz Worcell b. ca 1760 and Anna Małgorzata Fergusson-Tepper. The grandson of Stanisław Worcell, the Halicz governor, 1740-1778 + Tekla Dunin-Borkowska.

Above Stanisław Gabriel Worcell b. 1799 was
the member of the Masonic Lodge. Participant of guerrilla fights in Volhynia. On August 11, 1831, decorated with The Silver Order of Virtuti Militari. In 1831, he was elected a deputy from the Rowno to the insurrectionary parliament. After the November Uprising he emigrated to France and England. First he was in the Polish Democratic Society, was removed in 1835, then he was founder of the Polish People's Group; the Union of Emigration; he returned to the Polish Democratic Society again. He was friends with Italian politician Giuseppe Mazzini!

His brother Mikołaj Worcell, imprisoned in 1827, was sent to a penal company in the Caucasus. Freed in 1843 and he came back to home; he was returned to the family estates confiscated after the November Uprising.

Stanisław Gabriel Worcell had a son Stanisław Worcell married Joanna Ilińska, 1830-1900.

2.
Janusz's brother was Henryk Iliński b. 1792 in Romanow, d. 1871, the son of Jozef August Ilinski and Eleonora Antonina Komorowska.

Above HENRYK ILINSKI:

the owner of Romanow
[ie. Romaniw, 51 km east-south-east to SLAWUTA - the Romanow palace of Jozef August Ilinski, at way from Połonne to Żytomierz],
m. Michalina Bierzyńska, 1794 - 1858,
the daughter of Adam Bierzyński

[Adam married Teresa Walewska, b. 1776, d. 1856, Stutgard],

the graddaughter of Onufry Bierzyński, b. ca 1730, d. 1783, Colonel + Ludwika Ponińska, d. bef. 1785.
Come from Maciej Bierzynski, b. ca 1710, the Wschowa official.

Above Teresa Walewska, b. 1776, d. 1856, was the daughter of Michał Walewski, 1735 - 1806 + Kasawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno.

Above MICHAL WALEWSKI:

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jabłonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of Michał Walewski

{Michał Walewski 1735/1740 - 1806; the son of Marcin Walewski

(Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733)

and Magdalena Antonina SZEMBEK

[Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, son of Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga; father of Paulina / Paula Oginska; brother of Jozef Eustachy Szembek, and Magdalena Antonina Walewska].

Michał Walewski 1735 or 1740 - 1806, Voivode of Sieradz 1785-1792.
Michal Walewski m. 2nd to Ksawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno, with children:
Teresa Walewska 1776 - 1856 m. Adam Bierzyński,
Karolina Teresa Walewska 1778 - 1846 m. 1st Aleksander Franciszek Chodkiewicz 1776 - 1838, m. 2nd to Aleksander Golicyn 1789 - 1858;
Jozef Walewski 1780 - 1813;
Hieronim Jerzy Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Cecylia Potocka 1783 - 1861.

Above named Michał 1735 / 1740 - 1806 m. 3rd to Szczęsna Feliksa Kokoszka-Michałowska 1770-1844.

Michał Walewski in 1788-1792 put forward the project of expansion of the Polish army to 100 000 soldiers; the Speaker of the Bar Confederation of Cracow province in 1771. A member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation, with Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
he was the son of Marcin Walewski / Martin (d. 1761) who married 1st to Antonina Magdalene Szembek b. circa 1710, d. 1744, daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.

Marcin Walewski married 2nd to Marcjanna Romer (d. 1761).

Jozefina or Jozefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz}

and Jadwiga

{above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska / Walewski, born 1740 / 1744 to Jozef Colonna-Walewski and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska. Jozef was born in 1700 / 1710, in Walewice. Jadwiga had brother Anastazy Colonna-Walewski. Jadwiga married Michal Walewski. Michal was born in 1735/1740/1750, officer in Sieradz}.

Note:

Antoni Michał Jabłonowski - CONSPIRATOR,
the prince in Ostrog, Maryampol and Podkamień; born 1793 in Warsaw - died 1855 in Annopol; member of the Council of State of the Kingdom of Poland, chamberlain of the emperor of the Russian Empire, prince of the Congress Kingdom in 1820; a Polish conspiracy activist to 1826.
Stanisław Paweł Jabłonowski and Teodora Walewska were the parents of Antoni.

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jabłonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of above named Michał Walewski.

Above
Antoni Jabłonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Łukasiński; In 1825, Antoni Jabłonowski negotiated with the Decembrists. After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
Ca 1810, Antoni Jabłonowski married Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech, the daughter of Michał Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch. Their daughter Dorota Jabłonowska married Stanisław Kostka Korwin-Krasiński, an officer of the November Uprising.

Mentioned above HENRYK ILINSKI had a daughter

Jadwiga Ilińska b. 1824, d. 1889 in Bursztyn, the lady-owner of Romanow, m. Henryk Jozef Michał Stecki - Olechnowicz, d. aft. 1895;

Jadwiga Ilinska STECKA had a son

Henryk Stecki b. 1847, the owner of Romanow and Sielce in the Zytomierz county, and of Wojtowce in the Nowogrodzki county; m. Henryka Kurzenicka, the daughter of Gustaw Kurzenicki + Oktawia Ilińska, the daughter of Jan Ilinski + Oktawia Morawska Ilinska.

ROMANOW -

in the Zytomierz county. Passed into the ownership of the Iliński in the eighteenth century, the village became a property of Kazimierz Iliński.
Jozef August Ilinski founded a steam mill and a large cloth factory in the village.
In the nineteenth century, the village became the property of the Stecki family.

The Ilinski family come from:
Iliński of the Żytomierz county.
Seweryn Iliński b. ca 1820 + Jadwiga Paczkowska.

We know on
Stefania Iliński (1841 - 1920) m. Władysław LASKI = Lasek, banker, in 1870 the President of the International Bank in St. Petersburg
[see below !].

Above Władysław Karol Jan Tadeusz Laski b. 1831.

Stefania Ilinska was the daughter of
Janusz Iliński / Jan Iliński, b. 1785 in Romanow;
the granddaughter of Jozef August Iliński b. 1760 [the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA !];
the great-granddaughter of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński, b. 1731;
the great-great-granddaughter of
Kazimierz Iliński b. ca 1670, d. 1756.

Stefania Iliński (1841 - 1920) m. Władysław LASKI and they had 2 children:
Maria Lasek / LASKI, b. 1867 + Count Zygmunt Wielopolski;
Aleksandra Lasek / LASKI (1870-1909).

Wladyslaw Lasek / Wladyslaw LASKI was the son of Zofia Berta Tischler Laski / Lasek (1802-1870) and Zofia
was the daughter of Szmul Zbytkower!

Note 1:

Atalia Jozefa Adolfina Zbytkower Sonnenberg (1776-1850, was the wife of Karol Jan Laski, Polish banker of Jewish origin, and after his death in 1802, she was married to Samuel Fraenkel / FRENKIEL).

ATALIA was the daughter of banker Szmul Zbytkower!

Karol Jan Laski was the friend of Szmul Jakubowicz / Jozef Samuel Sonnenberg / Zbytkower, b. 1727 - d. 1801, the son of Jakub Awigdor.

Note 2:

Szmul Jakubowicz / Jozef Samuel Sonnenberg / Zbytkower, b. 1727 - d. 1801, the son of Jakub Awigdor.

Szmul was a Jewish merchant and supplier, banker, factor, protege of King Stanisław August Poniatowski; The Great Polish Patriot in 1794.
The friend of MICHAL PONIATOWSKI - see Maleszewski + Venture de Paradise and BREGUET.

SZMUL ZBYTKOWER was three times married.
By Wikipedia:
For the first time with a woman of an unknown name.
For the second time with Euprozyna Gabriel (1750-1836), with whom he divorced.
For the third time in 1799 with Judyta Bucky (died in 1829).
With his first wife he had two sons - Abel, from him descends the Pragier family, to which Adam Pragier belonged; and Berka.

With his second wife, he had a daughter, Atalia Jozefa Adolfina (1776-1850, wife of Karol Jan Laski, and after his death Samuel Fraenkel / Frenkiel).

With his third wife, he had three daughters -
Marianna Barbara Dora (1780-1830), Ludwika Rebeka (born 1781) and Anna (wife of 1. Łazarz Tischler - a Warsaw merchant, 2. Jozef Alekse Morawski (1791-1855) - senator, 1788-1828).

Granddaughter of Anna and Jozef Morawski was Franciszka Siedliska (blessed Maria from the Lord Jesus the Good Shepherd) founder of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth.


Note to named SZMUL:
"... His position at the royal court was extremely strong. His third wife, Judyta (Gitel) Jakubowicz Lewi, from Frankfurt by Oder, led a salon in Warsaw ... She was also regularly invited by the king for Thursday's dinners ...
After his death, Zbytkower's interests were taken over by his son Ber Sonnenberg. He founded the Bergson family, from which Henri Bergson, a French philosopher, came from...".

Insurgents of 1831 and they had estates confiscated by the Russians:
Iliński Antoni and
Xawery Ilinski;
Iliński Jan.

Note:

St. Petersburg International Bank - director A. I. ROTHSTEIN, a German by origin. A. I. Rothstein, a director of the Russo-Chinese Bank also. After LASKI / Ljasskij's death in 1889, Adolf Rothstein was assigned to director's board.

Stefania Iliński (1841 - 1920) m. Władysław LASKI = Lasek, banker, in 1870 the President of the International Bank in St. Petersburg.

Copyright by Sofya SALOMATINA of Moscow:

"... In the first part of the 1880s two banking groups competed for Russian issues ...

The first group's leader was DiscontoGesellschaft, the other active members being Mendelssohn & Co, Robert Warschauer & Co. and Deutsche Bank. The group included Petersburg International Bank and Russian Bank for Foreign Trade from Russian side.

Their rivals may be called as 'Rothschilds' group', including besides Rothschilds their allies:
S. Bleichroder, Berliner Handels-Gesellschaft and Lippmann, Rothenthal & Co.

In this alliance the Russian side was presented by Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company] and sometimes by Volga-Kama Commercial Bank. These groups united in 1887.

... Petersburg International Bank and Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank had approximately equal shares, although International bank usually acted as a leader of Russian group and kept syndicates' accounts in Russia. In 1888-1891 owing to barriers to Russian equities at German market the French group, led by Paribas, joined to Russian issues due to active role of banking house Hoskier E. & Cie, which had been able to opened French market for Russian equity throughout intermediary of International Bank in negotiation with the Russian Ministry of Finance. ...

The French side included ...
Credit lyonnais [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company] and Credit industriel et commercial ...

Petersburg International Bank and Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank acted as intermediaries between the syndicate and the Russian government, railway companies, mortgage institutions. ...

WLADYSLAW LASKI / Vladislav Ljasskij (1831-1889) and Discount and Loan Bank's director, Abram Zak (d. 1893) played the roles of financial advisers of Ivan Vyshnegradsky, the Russian minister of Finance in 1888-1892. The minister was suspected of close connections with 'Rothschilds' group'.

His no less close ties with International Bank arose before his appointment to ministerial post, when Vyshnegradsky executed duty of vice-chairman of the South-West Railways Society's board. International Bank provided the company with banking services. Sergei Witte, the successor of Vyshnegradsky as the minister of finance, began his private career at this railway company. International Bank enjoyed support or even auspices of government...

After LASKI / Ljasskij's death in 1889, Adolf Rothstein was assigned to director's position and he enabled to retain bank's privileged positions in the time of the Witte's ministry in 1892-1903. ...".

The eldest Pole among Polish military figures bef. 1917 in RUSSIA, was
general Jan Jacyna
who served in a "Main technical committee" of Navy Ministry in St Petersburg since 1891;
at a later date he acted, 1901 - 1917 as member on "the board of directors of government armouries" of the Navy Ministry (next War and Navy Ministry) in Petersburg;

since then he was near to problems of war industry in Russia, especially during - 1914 / 1917 - the First world war;

then (since 1915) he co-operated with "Military - industrial committee" composite of war industry's representatives and he ran up against suggestions of aeroplanes deliveries and aerial inventions (confer Jan Jacyna memoirs, vol. 1, p. 71);

General JAN JACYNA was the most known general in all Polish environments of St Petersburg at the beginning of the 20th cent., amidst military and industrial activists, social workers after the Bolshevik revolution, and also among the Polish active politicians in Russian parliament since 1905/06; he was near to the imperial Russian court; general Jan Jacyna evaluated figure of Wladymir Boncz Brujewicz wholy negative when paid a call on Lenin at the end of January 1918.

General Jan Jacyna kept in touch with e.g. Michal Szydlowski [see Sikorsky and Duflon & Konstantynowicz Company] and Karol Jaroszynski = Karol Yaroshinsky, who managed with a big loans especially during the First world war; about Jaroszynski see Shay McNeal, "The Plots to Rescue the Tsar", ed. London 2001.

Karol Jaroszynski / Karol Yaroshinsky
"(...) died in near poverty in 1928. His last years were spent in pain as a result of a poison needle having been jabbed into him at the opera in Paris at almost the same time as Sidney Reilly disappeared in the Soviet Union (in the 1920s).

(...) Before the Revolution, he had fallen in love with one of the Tsar's daughters (...).
Near to Krivoshein - the man who brought Yaroshinsky into the Allied banking scheme.

(...) Yaroshinsky was the financial benefactor to the Romanov family during the last days of their captivity in Tobolsk and Ekaterinburg in 1918. The man was involved with Henry Armitstead and Jonas Lied, who had been paid through the British Secret Service for activities in Northern Russia (1918)."

The Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company co-operated with the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank.

According to V. S. Solomko,
this St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank was a joint-stock commercial bank, opened in 1869, cooperating especially closely with the St. Petersburg International Bank by taking part "in the military industrial group to build submarines for the Baltic Navy.

The group included Lessner's Plant and Nobel's Plant in St. Petersburg, which played a leading role in the group, as well as Fenix, Atlas, and Gatchinsky Ironworks".

Guchkov Alexander Ivanovich b. 1862, political and public figure, banker and businessman, was Director of Moscow Discount Bank.
In 1907 and 1915, he was elected Member of State Assembly representing Industry and Trade, heading a defence Commission 1907-10.

In St Petersburg, he was a member of St Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank's board. From 1915, he was Chairman of the Central Military-Industrial Committee and a member of Special Meeting for defence.
At the end of 1916, he designed plans for dynastic coup,
acc. to A. G. Kalmykov.

The 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company' Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8:

Evgeny / Evgenij Evgienievich Armand - Chairman,

Nikolai Danilovich Liesienko who 1906 - 1914 represented the interests of the company in St. Petersburg,

L. F. Duflon who lived since 1908 in Switzerland,

Alexander E. Armand,

Sergei Gernet, the son of Pavel GERNET

and Emil I. Ramseyer - Swiss citizen, the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, chairman of the Board of the 'Atlas' Society in St. Petersburg;

his brother Ramseyer Y. I., Swiss citizen was also the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank and Director of the Company 'Sormovo'.


Let's try to think about where Tadeusz Grabianka actually stayed in 1799-1802 in Galicia. This matter requires very exact verification.

We can consider a dozen or so towns where Tadeusz Grabianka could possibly be in 1799 - 1802:

Przyborowice;
Radom;
Sedziszow;
Lownia / Lowina;
Wegrzynow;
Sreniawa;
Międzyrzec Podlaski - 1795-1809 in Austria;
Skeliwka = FELSZTYN;
Nawojna / Nawojowa and Zbyszyce of STADNICKI;
Podhorce and
Siedliszcze; and
OPOLE LUBELSKIE;
Zator;
Rymanow and Dukla.

Tadeusz Grabianka stayed in Galicia, that is in Austria, in 1799-1802. He left France in 1799, in the face of Napoleon Bonaparte's unfavorable attitude.

Let us remember that in 1799 Jozef Sulkowski died in Egypt, probably on Napoleon's orders.

After 1795, Austria occupied New Galicia, as well as the Galicia and Lodomeria from 1772. Galicja Nowa did not include Bystrzanowskie property in Bystrzanowice and Lgota Murowana of Kalinowski, which were in Prussia in 1795.

Then Grabianka traveled from Austrian Galicia to Russia, first on Ukraine and Wolyn, in 1802. It was not until 1805 that he went to the capital of Russia, to St. Petersburg, where Tadeusz Grabianka, the top Polish conspirator, was poisoned in prison in 1807.

However, some of the Bystrzanowskis were lived in the Austrian New Galicia since 1795 until 1809, then in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, 1809-1813, Russian occupation in 1813 and from 1815 these lands of the former New Galicia were now in the Polish Congress Kingdom - see above.

I.
See below on the Bystrzanowskis:

Pawel Bystrzanowski was the Czernichow official and he owned Dzbany, and Przyborowice / Przeborowice - 27 km south-west to Opatow.
Pawel's brothers:
Wojciech Bystrzanowski;
Jozef Bystrzanowski,
Lieutenant Jan Bystrzanowski - inf. in 1782 in Radom, m. Mlodzianowska.

Pawel's [+ Agnieszka Grzymala] sons:

1. Franciszek Bystrzanowski b. 1750, d. 1815 in Sedziszow [1795-1807 in Austria];

2. Stefan Bystrzanowski b. ca 1752, d. 1808;

3. Stanislaw Bystrzanowski b. ca 1754, the official in WISLICA [1795 in Austria] in 1792 + Wiktoria LUBANSKA.

Above Franciszek Bystrzanowski, 1750-1815:
owner of Lowina / Lownia [Lowina], and the official in Checiny in 1769 until 1810; m. Joanna Laskowska in 1775 in Zlotniki, with 3 or 4 daughters:
Katarzyna Fink,
Komornicka;
Anna Starowieyska,
Witkowska;
Joanna;
Aleksandra Zrebicka.

And above Franciszek's sons:
1.
Izydor Bystrzanowski b. after 1777, the owner of Lownia

[Lowina / Lowinia, close to Jedrzejow and south to Naglowice; and 9 km north-east to Sedziszow - east to Szczekociny and Lelow]

since 1807 + Ludwika LINOWSKA,
with a daughter Xawera / Ksawera Bystrzanowska, born 1808;

2.
Maksymilian Bystrzanowski in WEGRZYNOW [13 km north to Strawczyn, and north-west to Kielce] - inf. in 1837 in the Polish Kingdom + Magdalena KONARSKA

[Maksymilian Bystrzonowski and Magdalena Konarska, in Krakow, too; they came from the Lowina estate close to Sedziszow].

II.

Tadeusz Grabianka, on 28 November 1799, closed the TEMPLE in France;
he came to Czartoryski and Lubomirski; visited 1799-1802 in GALICIA.

He knew the daughter of Izabela Czartoryska (1746-1835).

The son of Tadeusz:
Erazm Grabianka was the official in Ploskirow, b. after 1770; m. Helena Skrocka; with
Martyna + Aleksander Zaleski - with
Maria Helena Zaleska 1863-1942 + Zdzislaw Aleksander Tytus Czartoryski 1859-1909.

Above Zdzislaw's great-grandparents:

Adam Kazimierz Joachim Czartoryski 1734-1823;
Michal Hieronim Radziwill.

Above
Adam Kazimierz Joachim Czartoryski was the General, acted in Podolia; MP; was born in 1734 - Gdansk; d. 1823 - Sieniawa.
The Field Marshal in 1805 in AUSTRIA.

SIENIAWA:

Adam Mikolaj Sieniawski, had a daughter Zofia Czartoryska nee Sieniawski; Zofia married in 1731 to August Czartoryski. In 1734 Sieniawa belonged to Czartoryski.
1772-1918 in AUSTRIA.

Adam Kazimierz Joachim Czartoryski, visited in 1755 Viena. In 1756 MP of LWOW.
1757 studied in England; MP in 1758, 1760 and in 1762. 1759 in St Petersburg. Married Izabela Flemming.
The Freemason.
The owner of Miedzyrzec Podlaski, then Aleksandra Potocki.

Adam Kazimierz Joachim Ambrozy Marek Czartoryski, as Daniel Belgram, b. 1734. The owner of Sieniawa - north to Jaroslaw - GALICIA !

PODHORCE:

In 1728, Podhorce inherited Waclaw Rzewuski, SENIOR.
1754, Rzewuski SENIOR bought Olesko, too. 1751, Podhorce was the main seat of Waclaw RZEWUSKI, for over 30 yeras.
At that time, he was married to Anna Lubomirska, with whom she had several children. During his stay in Podhorce, he protected Podole / Podolia against the Cossacks invasion and carried out the renovation of the castle.
He wrote poems and political trials. In the castle, he organized a theater;
founded an alchemist laboratory and printing houses.
In 1767 he went to the Parliament.
He did not return to his property. He was arrested by Russians and deported with his son and others senators to Kaluga, where he stayed for over 5 years. At that time Podhorce passed into Austria.

Waclaw Rzewuski SENIOR lived in the village of Siedliszcze, in the Chelm Lubelski area [1795-1809 to AUSTRIA].


III.

Siedliszcze passed into the hands of the Rzewuski family bef. 1700.
After Michal Rzewuski, this estate took Stanislaw Mateusz Rzewuski, in 1706 the field Commander, and in 1726 the great Commander of the Crown. After his death, the estate in 1728 was owned by his son Waclaw RZEWUSKI, senior, who in 1752 became a field Commander, and in 1773-1774 he was a great Commander. Waclaw Rzewuski is also known in history as a poet and playwright. In 1758 he sold Siedliszcze to the colonel Wojciech Weglinski, the Chelm Lubelski governor. Colonel Wojciech Weglinski built a new manor here.

PODHORCE

in 1865 was sold to Eustachy Sanguszko / Sanguszka; or in 1865 Wladyslaw Hieronim Sanguszko bought from Leon Rzewuski the Podhorce Castle, but in 1867 the Castle took over his son Eustachy Sanguszko.

And next CONSPIRATOR:

Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society.
The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.
Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator [see below !] in Austria.

Marcin Tarnowski was the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794, son of Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianka [see the ILLUMINATI of Tadeusz Grabianka] from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.

Marcin started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga. In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski; in Stryj and Sambor; Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamowka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Konigstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden. He was taken prisoner (November 8); the army of the Kingdom of Poland, on January 20, 1815, he commanded the 3rd Rifle Division of the Kingdom of Poland. However, he resigned on December 9, 1815.

He settled in Wolyn, where he was active member of the Patriotic Society, 1821, as the head of the Volhynia province, as its president, he was also the vice-president of the central committee for the Kiev, Podolia and Wolyn provinces,
whose formal president was KAROL PROZOR;

Marcin Tarnowski knew about the contacts of the Society's emissaries with the Russian decembrists; among CONSPIRATORS were:
Mikolaj Worcell,
Atanazy Grodecki,
Aleksander Prozor [?],
KAROL PROZOR,
Franciszek Zaleski,
Jan Lipski,
Narcyz Olizar,
Waclaw Rzewuski JUNIOR,
Aleksander Bledowski and many others.


IV.

ZATOR:

1772-1918 belonged to Austria.

1765 - the commander was Fryderyk Piotr Dunin, the son of Piotr DUNIN. 1772 the Castle took the Austrians. In 1778, Fryderyk Piotr Dunin bought ZATOR.

1805 - Anna Potocka, Dunin-Wasowicz, nee Tyszkiewicz gave her ex-husband Aleksander Potocki, the estate of ZATOR.

Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki, b. 1778, was the husband of Anna Maria Ewa Apolonia Dunin-Wasowicz [the daughter of Ludwik Tyszkiewicz b. 1748].

Note:

Aleksander Tyszkiewicz, 1748-1775, was the great-grandson of Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, 1668-1732,
who was the son of Kazimierz Jan Pawel Sapieha + Krystyna Hlebowicz,
and was the grandson of Pawel Jan Sapieha (1609-1665), the owner of Luboszany and Berezyna / Berezino.

Aleksander's brother was Ludwik Tyszkiewicz, 1748-1808, who married Dss Konstancja Poniatowska, the owner of BEREZYNO-LUBOSZANY, 1759-1830, the daughter of Kazimierz Jakub Poniatowski 1721-1800;
with the daughter
Anna Tyszkiewicz, POTOCKA, 1779-1867, the owner of BEREZYNO-Luboszany + Aleksander Stanislaw Ludwik Potocki, 1778-1845

[= Aleksander Potocki / Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki (1778-1845),
was the son of the third Prime Minister of Poland, Count Stanislaw Kostka Potocki, the FREEMASON, and his wife Aleksandra Lubomirska.
Stanislaw Kostka Potocki was the son of General Eustachy Potocki and Anna Katska, and was a brother of Ignacy Potocki],

with the son August Aleksander Potocki, 1805-1867 + Aleksandra Julia Potocka, 1818-1892.

August Aleksander Potocki b. 1805; the son of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778;
the grandson of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki b. 1755;
the great-grandson of Eustachy Potocki born in 1720;
the great-great-grandson of Jerzy Potocki who was the son of
Feliks Kazimierz Potocki 1630-1702, and grandson of
Stanislaw Rewera Potocki.

ZATOR:

1836 new Zator Castle;
in 1845 Aleksander Potocki died and the new owner was his son
Maurycy Potocki, the 1863 insurgent.

Maurycy Eustachy Ludwik Potocki b. 1812 - died in 1879 in Krzeszowice or in Paris in 1880, the landowner of BEREZYNA.
The son of mentioned above
Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778

{the husband of Anna Maria Ewa Apolonia Dunin-Wasowicz Potocka

[the daughter of Ludwik Tyszkiewicz b. 1748 in WILNO - Ludwik TYSZKIEWICZ was the owner of Poloziny in the IHUMEN county and BEREZYNA - LUBOSZANY (Luboszany took his wife Konstancja nee Poniatowska) in 1793 after Sapieha]

and Izabella Potocka MOSTOWSKA [her son Stanislaw Potocki Count, ca 1824 - 1887]. Partner of Aleksandra Stokowska}.

But the last owner of BEREZYNA

{Beata Terczynska inf. Maurycy Potocki was the owner of Berezyna in the 80's of 19th cent. ? - but we know
Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR and Lubuszany [when ?], and named Luboszany / LUBUSZANY took Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz, Potocka, of Krzeszowice, 1866-1952!

BEREZYNA belonged to above mentioned
Maurycy Eustachy Ludwik Potocki b. 1812 - died in 1879 in Krzeszowice or in Paris in 1880, and to his sons}

before 1916 until Dec. 1918 was Maurycy Stanislaw Potocki b. May 1894 in Jablonna, died in 1949
- the son of
August Adam Potocki b. 1847, died in 1905 in Warsaw - the owner of BEREZYNA Ihumenska

{a widow after death of August POTOCKI, in 1905 took ZATOR and maybe Berezyna [1905-1909];

she sold Zator in 1908; she sold Berezyna after 1909 to hands of her son - MAURYCY POTOCKI.

August Potocki also was the owner of JABLONNA.

Next owner of ZATOR in 1908 - Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz of KRZESZOWICE, and her son Adam Potocki, 1896-1966};

the grandson of Maurycy Eustachy Ludwik Potocki b. 1812 - died in 1879 in Krzeszowice or in Paris in 1880, the landowner of BEREZYNA

{Maurycy Eustachy Ludwik Potocki b. 1812 - died in 1879 in Krzeszowice in AUSTRIA, or in Paris in 1880 - was the owner of BEREZYNA in Russia!

In 1880 his son August Potocki took JABLONNA, Zator, and HALF of the BEREZYNA ESTATE.

The second half of named BEREZYNA took August's brother Eustachy Potocki / Eustachy Maurycy Aleksander 1859-1914.

August Potocki - the Austrian citizen - bought in 1890/1891 the second part of BEREZYNA belonged to named Eustachy with Baron Eugeniusz WULF, Klimkiewicz manager, Colonel KOZLOWSKI, and Zaglowski};

the great-grandson of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778

{the husband of Anna Maria Ewa Apolonia Dunin-Wasowicz

[the daughter of Ludwik Tyszkiewicz b. 1748 in WILNO - Ludwik was the owner of Poloziny in the IHUMEN county and BEREZYNA - LUBOSZANY (Luboszany took his wife Konstancja nee Poniatowska) in 1793 after Sapieha]

and Izabella Potocka MOSTOWSKA [her son Stanislaw Potocki Count, ca 1824 - 1887]. Partner of Aleksandra Stokowska};

the great-great-grandson of
Stanislaw Kostka Potocki 1755 - 1821, the FREEMASON.

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR in Austria [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905;
then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI.

Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925.

And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice near CRACOW.

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892]
(K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogrod.
Lubuszany 13 km to MIEZONKA of Konstantynowicz),
to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz

(Krystyna Tyszkiewicz was born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! -
the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN;
the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA;
the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze;
the great-great-granddaughter of Jozef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn),

the wife of the Galicja governor - Andrzej Potocki [he was killed].

Andrzej Potocki died in 1908 =
Andrzej Kazimierz Potocki born in KRZESZOWICE in 1861 in Austria, died in LWOW, the owner of Krzeszowice, the orderly officer of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria.

Andrzej's wife was KRYSTYNA Tyszkiewicz Potocka, 1866-1952, and she was the owner of ZATOR in Austria, ca 1908/1909, and since ca 1887/1890 {?} of LUBOSZANY / Lubuszany - 13 km to MIEZONKA in Russia

[they had children:
Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz; Izabela Maria Krasinska; Kystyna Siemienska-Lewicka; Adam Wladyslaw Franciszek Potocki;
Artur Antoni Bonawentura Hubert Maria Potocki born in 1899 in Krzeszowice close to CRACOW].

Above
ANDRZEJ POTOCKI of Krzeszowice,
the son of Adam Jozef Mateusz Potocki; died in Krzeszowice in 1872 - acted in STASZOW;

the grandson of Artur Potocki, 1787-1832, the Freemason-TEMPLAR and Zofia Branicka 1790- 1879.

The great-grandson of Jan Nepomucen Potocki 1761-1815, who was the son of

Jozef Potocki 1735-1802, and the

grandson of Stanislaw Potocki 1698-1760 and Helena Zamoyska 1717-1760
and the great-grandson of
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski - the Smolensk governor, 1679-1735 {see Wilkowo Polskie - Kiedrzynski - Pradzynski - Szoldrski - Poninski + CAGLIOSTRO !};
Jozef Stanislaw Potocki (1673-1751) = Jozef Potocki in Cracow in 1748
- who was the son of Andrzej Potocki died in 1691 in Stanislawow;
and the grandson of Stanislaw Potocki Rewera b. 1589 in Podhajce, d. 1667.

Mentioned Stanislaw Kostka Potocki / Un Polonais, born in November 1755 in Lublin;
Polish politician, count in the Congress Kingdom in 1820; member of the Warsaw Jewish Education Chamber in 1808; Member of the Patriotic Party in the Four-year-Parliament; freemason, president of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers of the Warsaw Principality, president of the Senate of the Kingdom of Poland in 1818-1821, memoirist, poet, playwright and translator.

He was the son of Eustachy Potocki, general of the Lithuanian artillery, and Marianna Katska / Koncka or Kacka;
the brother of Ignacy Potocki.

In 1772-1775, Stanislaw Kostka Potocki traveled a lot around Europe [compare Tadeusz Grabianka and Jozef Sulkowski], visiting Italy, France, Switzerland and Germany; and in 1777, 1779-1780, 1783, 1785-1786 and 1796- 1797.

Above
Ignacy Potocki = Roman Ignacy Franciszek Potocki / Jan K. Szabranski, born February 28, 1750 in Radzyn Podlaski, police minister in 1791, great Lithuanian marshal in 1791-1794; the Department of Foreign Interests of the Perpetual Council in 1779; member of the National Education Commission in 1773-1791;
in 1781-1784 Grand Master of the Polish National Grand Orient,
Polish politician and patriotic activist, publicist, playwright, poet, pedagogue, historian and translator.

Anna Maria Ewa Apolonia Tyszkiewicz, I voto Potocka, II voto Dunin-Wasowicz,
was the daughter of Ludwik Tyszkiewicz, and Konstancja Poniatowski, the king's niece

[Konstancja Poniatowska Tyszkiewicz, 1759-1830; was the niece to the King, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, who had a brother KAZIMIERZ Poniatowski born 1721].

Konstancja PONIATOWSKA was the daughter of Apolonia Ustrzycka, 1736-1814, and Duke Kazimierz Poniatowski (1721-1800), General, the brother of named King, Stanislaw August Poniatowski.

The brother of mentioned Konstancja was Stanislaw Poniatowski (1754 - 1833); the sister - Katarzyna Poniatowska b. 1760.

Konstancja in 1775 married Ludwik Tyszkiewicz (1750-1808), MP, the Lithuanian Marshal in 1793.
Konstancja's daughter:
Anna Tyszkiewicz (1776-1867), m. Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki in 1805 in Wilno,
with 3 children: Natalia Potocka,
Maurycy Potocki
and
August Potocki.

Anna Tyszkiewicz (1776-1867), grew up in Bialystok under the care of a French governess at the court of her cousin, Izabela Branicka, the sister of King Stanislaw August PONIATOWSKI.

Anna Tyszkiewicz married Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki, the son of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki. Her second marriage with Dunin-Wasowicz, Adjutant of Emperor Napoleon I.

Above Stanislaw Wasowicz - Dunin b. in 1785 in Wolyn / Volhynia, died in 1864 in Paris, General in 1831, Count. In 1831 - moved out to ZATOR.

We back to
Krystyna Potocka of LUBUSZANY, ZATOR and Krzeszowice.

Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz, Potocka, 1866-1952, was the owner of LUBUSZANY / Luboshany.

But Maurycy Stanislaw Potocki (1894 - 1949) was the owner of BEREZYNA.

Krystyna was the wife of ANDRZEJ POTOCKI. Her father was Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN.

Below the branch of
Krystyna Tyszkiewicz-Lohojska of LUBUSZANY, 1866-1952, m. Andrzej Kazimierz Potocki, the Galicja governor - born in KRZESZOWICE in 1861.
Maciej Soltyk 1720-1780, Salomea Nakwaska 1728-1778, Aleksander Michal Pawel Sapieha 1730-1793, Agnieszka Magdalena Anna Lubomirska both were the grandparents of Konstancja Soltyk.

The parents of named Konstancja SOLTYK:
Stanislaw Soltyk 1752-1833 and Karolina Sapieha, 1759-1814.

Konstancja Soltyk 1794-1836 m. Ludwik Anastazy Stanislaw Lempicki, senator, 1791-1871, with
great-grandson:
Edward Cezar Marian Broel-Plater, 1871-1958 who married in 1900, Waka, to Janina Tyszkiewicz-Lohojska, 1877- 1928,
the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz, 1831-1892 + Iza Hortensja Adelajda Tyszkiewicz.

Above JANINA Tyszkiewicz:

parents - Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz 1831-1892; Iza Hortensja Adelajda Tyszkiewicz, 1836-1907.

Mentioned Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz had also the oldest daughter
Krystyna Tyszkiewicz the owner of LUBUSZANY, 1866-1952, m. Andrzej Kazimierz Potocki, the Galicja governor.

Andrzej Potocki / Andrzej Kazimierz Potocki born in KRZESZOWICE in 1861, died in LWOW, the owner of Krzeszowice, the orderly officer of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria. Andrzej's wife KRYSTYNA Tyszkiewicz Potocka, 1866-1952, was the owner of ZATOR, ca 1908/1909, and ca 1887/1890 {?} of LUBOSZANY / Lubuszany - 13 km to MIEZONKA.

ANDRZEJ was the grandson of Artur Potocki 1787-1832, the TEMPLAR; the great-grandson of Jan Nepomucen Potocki.

V.

Count Waclaw Rzewuski junior - CONSPIRATOR in Ukraine:

Waclaw Rzewuski, 1775-1831, certainly the most mysterious figure in the history of the world; he bought Arabian horses, the son of the field commander
Seweryn Rzewuski and Konstancja Lubomirski;
after the death of his father, he became the heir of the fortune. Already in student times, he took lessons in Arabic in Vienna.
And from his uncles, Jan Potocki and Adam Czartoryski - he had the first knowledge about Arab countries.

He was visiting Slawuta of SANGUSZKO [compare GRABIANKA],
Antonina and Biala Cerkiew, and he started to buy Arabian horses; 1817-1820 spent in the East.

Above SEWERYN RZEWUSKI:
During the Kosciuszko Uprising he was sentenced to death by the Supreme Criminal Court and executed in effigy on 29 September 1794. He was married to Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska and had three children, Waclaw Rzewuski junior, Izabella Rzewuska and Maria Rzewuska.

CONSPIRATORS in Belarus:

We look on Alina Aleksandra Beydo-Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska MONIUSZKO + ca 1830 to Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 - with a daughter
Paulina MONIUSZKO, 1831-1903 + Leon Wankowicz b. 1831.

Alina's great-grandparents:

Waclaw Rzewuski 1705-1779 SENIOR;
Michal Kazimierz Radziwill 1702-1762;
Antoni Jerzy Rdultowski;
Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski 1737-1786;
Anna Lubomirska 1717-1763;
Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753;
Justyna Chlusewicz;
Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.

The son of named above WACLAW Rzewuski 1705-1779, senior:
Seweryn RZEWUSKI, General major in 1760, 1743-1811 + Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska.

Note on
Sawran
- in Ukraine, close to Odessa, at Podolia. A private noble town located in the Braclaw Province was in 1789 owned by Jozef Lubomirski.

Prince Jozef Lubomirski, the governor of Kiev, founded the city of Kodym, from his name Jozefgrod in 1771. His son, the last heir from the Lubomirski family, made for the town the privileges. The town was called Balta.
Towards the end of Waclaw Rzewuski's [JUNIOR] life BALTA was his main residence until the confiscation of the estate.

Waclaw Seweryn Rzewuski junior,
with foster names, and nicknames: Emir Tadz el faher Abd-el-Niszan; Emir Arslan; Abu Assed; Le Comte W. S. R.; Child el cheil; Count W. S. R.; born in Lviv, died in 1831 ? - the son of
Seweryn Rzewuski, and Constance Malgorzata Lubomirska;
a traveler, orientalist, memoirist, poet, conspirator and horse expert.
After returning to Poland, he settled in Sawran in Podolia. He was friendly with Tomasz Padurra, poet of the Cossacks, promoter of folklore and Ukrainian music.
1825-1826 he belonged to the Patriotic Society. Denounced in 1826, for two years he was controlled and interrogated.
The investigation was discontinued due to lack of evidence of guilt.
In 1831, during the November Uprising, Rzewuski JUNIOR has organized the Cossack riot division, giving him his Arabian horses and commanding the unit in the battle at Daszow, was lost in unspecified circumstances on May 14, 1831.

Above named
Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirski Rzewuska (born 1761, died 1840 in Kamieniec Podolski),
the daughter of
Stanislaw LUBOMIRSKI and Izabela Czartoryski Lubomirska.
Painter, circa 1780, made a series of drawings; 1782, she married her cousin Seweryn Rzewuski and was mother of Waclaw RZEWUSKI, junior.

Since 1817 or in 1819, KONSTANCJA RZEWUSKA lived in Podhorce; and after confiscation of her son's property for participation in the November Uprising of 1831, she moved home in Kamieniec Podolski, and she was living in scarcity.

See:

Lubomirski Franciszek Ksawery (1747-1819), Russian General; the son of
Stanislaw Lubomirski, and Ludwika Pociej;
the brother of Jozef and Michal.
He took the part of the Smilanszczyzna; his 2nd wife Teofila Rzewuski had owned Miedzyrzecz; Smila wa the center of the estates.

And again we back to Belarus:

Apolinary's Wankowicz [CONSPIRATOR] wife was (m. ca 1830) Izabella Obuchowicz,
with children:
1.
Helena + Jozef Woynillowicz;
2.
Leon Wankowicz born in 1831, and married Paulina Moniuszko, 1831-1903,
the daughter of
Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 + Alina Aleksandra Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska,
and the granddaughter of
Stanislaw Moniuszko b. ca 1760 + Ewa Woynillowicz b. ca 1770.

Note at margin:

The great-grandparents of Jozef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:

1. Jan Ludwik Plater born in 1686 or 1690-1736

(Jan Ludwik Plater born in 1686 either 1690-1736 or ca 1700 - 1764 who was son [here was mistake] of Jan Andrzej Henryk Plater and Ludwika Maria von Grothuss; Jan Ludwik was husband of Rozalia Brzostowska; father of Konstancja; Konstanty Ludwik and Jozefa; brother of Fabian Ksawery Broel-Plater; Aleksander Konstanty; Izabela Borch and Anna Sybilla von Syberg / Zyberk),

2. Jozef Tadeusz Oginski

(1693 - 1736, son of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski and Eleonora; husband of Anna; father of Augustyna Plater; Katarzyna Przezdziecka; Michal Kazimierz Oginski; Elzbieta Wielhorska and Genowefa Brzostowska; brother of Marcibela Zawisza-Kiezgajlo and Helena Oginska);

3. Waclaw Rzewuski, SENIOR, b. 1705 / 1706 - d. 1779;

4. Michal Kazimierz Radziwill

(Prince Michal Kazimierz Radziwill born in 1702, Olyka and died in 1762, nick-name Rybenko, owner of Birzai, Dubingiai, Slutsk, Kopyla and Shumsk. He was Court Marshal of Lithuania since 1734, Field and Grand Commander- in-Chief of Lithuania and in 1725 in Biala Krynica he married Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka, 2nd time married Anna Luiza Mycielska in 1754 in Lviv.
His lover was Maria Karolina Sobieska, grand daughter of John III Sobieski);

5. Rozalia Brzostowska 1690-1746;
6. Anna Wisniowiecka 1695-1732;
7. Anna Lubomirska
(1717 - died 1763, m. in 1732 to Waclaw Rzewuski of Cracow, the Grand Commander-in-Chief of Poland, 1706 - 1779);
8. Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753.

Grandparents of Jozef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:

1. Konstanty Ludwik Plater 1722-1778,
2. Augusta Oginska 1724-1791,
3. Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski 1737-1786,
4. Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.

And brief note on

Aleksander Lubomirski (d. 1808), the Kiev governor.
He had a daughter Aleksandra Franciszka Lubomirska Rzewuska,
and a granddaughter
Kaliksta Teano Rzewuski, b. 1810, Opole Lubelskie, died in 1842 in Roma; the author and musicologist.

Kaliksta's parents:
Waclaw Seweryn Rzewuski, junior, a traveler and orientalist;
and his wife named Aleksandra Franciszka Lubomirski, the daughter of
Aleksander Lubomirski (d. 1808), the French General.

We also have slightly different information about the above-mentioned Aleksander Lubomirski.
The owner of Opole Lubelskie, the French General and Polish Colonel.
Born ca 1740 or he was born in 1751 in Kiev / Kijow, d. July 1804 - Viena / Wieden.

Duke Aleksander Lubomirski, d. 1804 or in 1808. He was buried with wife in PODHORCE [see above on RZEWUSKI !]. Named Podhorce in 1772 belonged to the Austrian Galicia; it is the estate of the Rzewuskis (1725 - 1865), and then to Sanguszko [note about the TEMPLARS].

Duke Aleksander Lubomirski, d. 1804 or in 1808, the Kiev governor in 1785 - 1790.
He married in 1780 to Rozalia Chodkiewicz 1768-1793, the daughter of
Jan Mikolaj Ksawery Chodkiewicz, 1738-1781 + Ludwika Maria Rzewuska, 1744-1816;

Aleksander's daughter:
Rozalia Aleksandra Franciszka Lubomirska, 1788-1865 + Waclaw Seweryn 'Emir' Rzewuski, 1784-1831.

Above
Jan Mikolaj Chodkiewicz b. 1738 in Gdansk, d. 1781 in Czarnobyl, the official in Zmudz in 1764, Count, the owner of Szklow in Belarus.

Mentioned Aleksander Lubomirski, died in 1804 in Vien,
the parents:
Stanislaw Lubomirski, 1704-1793 + Ludwika Honorata Pociej, 1726-1786;
grandparents:
Jerzy Aleksander Michal Lubomirski, 1666-1735 + Joanna Karolina Zuzanna Stortzhausen b. 1675.


VI.

Compare
Skeliwka = FELSZTYN of Kalinowski-Grabianka, and of BERNARD Grabianka

[close to Stary Sambor - 1772 in Austria.
In 1753 new church was founded by Marianna Grabianka nee Kalinowska; the wife of Jozef Grabianka, the Latyczow official.

Then FELSZTYN + Rajkowce belonged to Jozef's son - TADEUSZ GRABIANKA.
Tadeusz sold in 1781 the half of Felsztyn + Rajkowce to Onufry Morski, the Kamieniec Podolski governor.
But again Onufry Morski sold Felsztyn to hands of TERESA GRABIANKA nee Stadnicka bef. 1791.
They were the friends of the Kamieniec Podolski bishop KRASINSKI.

Then, MARTYNA GRABIANKA Czarnecka
and next to Martyna Zieleniewska nee Myslowska].

VII.

NAWOJOWA:

This is the history of the Stadnicki family.
In 1799 one of the Stadnicki family, Franciszek Stadnicki, bought the land of Nawojowa situated near Nowy Sacz.

The Stadnicki family who settled in Nawojowa, resided there from 1799 until 1945. They had important contribution in political life of Galicia. Adam Zbigniew Stadnicki (1882-1982), was the last owner of Nawojowa.

NAWOJNA = NAWOJOWA, 9 km south to Nowy Sacz;

the Lubomirskis owned the estate before the Stadnickis; Lubomirski were here since 1713.

Franciszek Stadnicki (1742 - 1810), the Bar insurgent in 1768, defender of Cracow / Krakow.
The Ostrzeszow official; MP of Wielun in 1764;
the owner of Rymanow and Dukla (1809).

Stadnicki Franciszek was the General of the Kalisz troops in 1792 and in 1794.
The son of Antoni STADNICKI of Ostrzeszow and Wyszogrod + his 2nd wife, Teresa Potocki Stadnicka,
the daughter of Franciszek POTOCKI, Colonel + Marianna Stradomski, Szembek, Potocka.

Named Antoni Stadnicki, the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.

Antoni was the son of
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1670, d. 1737;
the grandson of
Jan STADNICKI + Katarzyna Kowieska.

Above KOWIESKA:

Note 1:

Brzezie close to Wloclawek [+ Badkowo] and the LANCKORONSKI family [Brzezie + Jedlno, Wola Pszczolecka]:

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski / ADAM Mecinski, 1740-1796, m. Aniela Stadnicka, with daughter Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 / 1790 {maybe ca 1780}.

Mecinski / ADAM, 1740-1796, m. Aniela Stadnicka. Aniela Stadnicka b. ca 1740, the daughter of
Antoni Stadnicki who married three times;
Antoni was the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka b. ca 1710.

ANTONI STADNICKI, the official in Ostrzeszow, Czernihow, and Wyszogrod, the owner of Kobyle; Roznow; Zbyszyce;

named Zbyszyce - south to ROZNOW - north to Nowy Sacz [1772 in Austria].

Antoni's father -
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki [Wladyslaw Stadnicki had 2 brothers: 1668-1745 and 1671-1721] b. ca 1670 - 1737; he was the son of
Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Kowieska.

Wladyslaw Stadnicki was the Czernihow official, lived 1670-1737.

Jan Stadnicki, b. 1636, married Katarzyna Kowieska: STADNICKI Jan Franciszek d. 1713, the owner of MOGILNO, the Volhynia governor, m. in 1664 to Katarzyna, born 1636.
Jan's father:
Piotr Stadnicki, b. 1598, died in 1636, and Elzbieta Jordan b. ca 1610
- Elzbieta Stadnicki of Lichwin, was married 3 times. Jordan was the owner of Zakliczyn.

1558 Stanislaw Stadnicki bought the part of Zakliczyn - his scion mentioned Piotr Stadnicki m. Elzbieta Jordan of Zakliczyn.

Note 2:

In London, Tadeusz Grabianka met with Louis - Claude de Saint-MARTIN - who had come in 1785 to England; Saint-Martin collaborated with Goran Ulrik Silverhjelm, Swedenborg's nephew, in 1790-1792.

Tadeusz Grabianka married Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski. Tadeusz Grabianka and Teresa owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice / RAJKOWCE at Podole / Podolia [see FELSZTYN !].

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki b. 1710/1720, was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka. Husband of Martyna Stadnicka. Brother of Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki.

Above JAN STADNICKI: b. maybe ca 1690, died in 1740, the son of

Mikolaj Franciszek Stadnicki. Above MIKOLAJ: b. ca 1660 ?, died in 1714, the son of

Franciszek Stadnicki b. ca 1620/1640 or ca 1637. Franciszek Stadnicki b. ca 1637, was maybe the son of above {?}
PIOTR Stadnicki, b. 1598 and above ELZBIETA JORDAN
[came from Marek Stadnicki of Lichwin, 1560/1570-1611].

But we know on Franciszek Stadnicki:
b. ca 1629/1630, d. 1663.
The son of Mikolaj Stadnicki, 1580/1600-1629;
grandson of
Andrzej Stadnicki
[Mikolaj was the brother of above MAREK Stadnicki]
and Anna Niedrzwiecka.

Mikolaj Stadnicki d. 1629, MP, the Sanok official;
Mikolaj's brother was Marek Stadnicki - they together visited Germany, England, Niemczech, Francji, Anglii, Netherlands and Italy. Studied at Bolonia and Padwa in 1611.

Mikolaj was the son of Andrzej Stadnicki + Anna Niedrzwiecki.

MIKOLAJ STADNICKI was the brother of
Stanislaw Stadnicki;
Barbara;
Domicela;
Marek Stadnicki.

Mikolaj married to Regina Anna Borek, with 5 children:
above Franciszek Stadnicki;
Mikolaj Stadnicki;
Krystyna;
Zofia;
Marianna + 3rd to Stanislaw Sicinski.

Note 3:

Rymanow - owned by Franciszek Stadnicki.
Bef 1900 - owned by Anna Potocka. Anna Zofia nee Dzialynski, Potocka, b. 1846 in Kornik, Prussia; d. 1926;
the daughter of Adam Tytus Dzialynski (1796-1861) + Gryzelda Celestyna Zamoyski (1805-1883);
Anna was the sister of Jan Kanty (1828-1880) and of Cecylia.

Anna married Stanislaw Potocki.
Stanislaw Potocki (1837-1884), the son of Przemyslaw Potocki (1805-1847), + Dss Teresa Sapieha.

The great-grandparents:

Jozef Potocki 1695-1764;
Stanislaw Lubomirski 1704-1793;
Franciszek Salezy Potocki 1700-1772;
Jerzy Wandalin August Mniszech 1715-1778;
Pelagia Potocka 1721-1794;
Ludwika Honorata Pociej 1726-1786;
Anna Potocka 1723-1772;
Maria Amelia Fryderyka Bruhl 1736-1772.

The grandparents:

Jozef Makary Potocki 1737-1816;
Ludwika Lubomirska 1750-1829;
Szczesny Stanislaw Feliks Potocki, 1751-1805;
Jozefa Amelia Wandalin-Mniszech, 1752-1798.


Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki d. 1775, the Latyczow official, and in Podolia; MP. He was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska

[remember - Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the ILLUMINATI, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of Tadeusz Grabianka - the ILLUMINATI; they owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia. Named Stanislaw Stadnicki was the son of mentioned Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka].

Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki d. 1775, had a siblings:
Zofia + Michal Jelowicki, the Luck and Braclaw official;
Malgorzata;
Teresa;
Fryderyk Stanislaw Stadnicki;
Adam Stadnicki;
Aleksander Stadnicki of Kiev;
Stanislaw Stadnicki, the Kamieniec Podolski official; the Latyczow clark, acted in Podolia !;
Mikolaj Maciej Stadnicki, the governor of Kamieniec Podolski.

Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki d. 1775, married Jadwiga Kumanowska, with 7 children:
Eleonora + Franciszek Markowski;
Salomea;
Piotr Stadnicki, the ILLUMINATI in Berlin
[see below on PIOTR Stadnicki the son of Franciszka Otwinowska Stadnicka + Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszow !];
Rozalia Szumlanska, Chrzanowska;
Balbina + Jan Lipski;
Jan Tomasz Stadnicki, the Latyczow official;
Ignacy Stadnicki, the Latyczow official.

Franciszek Stadnicki / Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki d. 1775, military, bef. 1747 as Lieutenant; MP in 1746, and in 1750 the Latyczow official; 1754 in Kamieniec Podolski; 1757 - Colonel. 1758 and 1761, MP; also in 1764 and in 1775.

Above
Katarzyna Stadnicki born Peplowski, in 1690, to Wawrzyniec Stanislaw Peplowski and Barbara Czolhanski. Wawrzyniec was born in 1670.
Katarzyna married Jan Stadnicki born in 1690. They had son Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki.

Anna Grabianka Raciborowska, the daughter of Tadeusz Grabianka - both they were the ILLUMINATI.

Anna's new aspirant, promoted by Piotr Stadnicki {Piotr Kajetan Stadnicki died in 1791, the Lieutenant of the 5 Brigade, the son of Franciszek Ksawery STADNICKI}, namely Leon Raciborowski of BRZEZANY [or Ludwik Raciborowski ?], was later her husband.

Anna Grabianka, born 1772, was the first child, as NANETA = ZANETA Grabianka = Anna GRABIANKA. She had 2 brothers.

In 1781 her father - TADEUSZ GRABIANKA - moved to Europe from Rajkowice / Rajkowce. So the main thought of the Illuminati Order is the work of Tadeusz Grabianka. The thought of taking power in Russia was a central idea guiding the Polish underground from the 80s of the 18th century until 1917. The first step was made by Jozef Sulkowski, then Adam Mickiewicz, and Israel Parvus from Berezina. The continuators of the main thought of Tadeusz Grabianka about taking power in the tsar state - in the Russian Empire - was Jozef Sulkowski and Jozef Pilsudski.

Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Martyna = Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of named Tadeusz Grabianka. They owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia.

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki was the son of
Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.
Stanislaw was the brother of Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki.

Above JAN: died in 1740,
the son of Mikolaj Franciszek Stadnicki [b. ca 1660 ?].

Above MIKOLAJ: died in 1714, the son of
Franciszek Stadnicki [b. ca 1620/1640 ?].

Explanation 1:
About Piotr Stadnicki 2nd -

Franciszek Stadnicki (1742 - 1810), the Bar insurgent in 1768, defender of Cracow / Krakow.
The son of
Antoni STADNICKI of Ostrzeszow and Wyszogrod + his 2nd wife, Teresa Potocki Stadnicka,
the daughter of Franciszek POTOCKI, Colonel + Marianna Stradomski, Szembek / Maria Potocka, b. ca 1680

Antoni Stadnicki 1st married to Kunegunda GAWRONSKA with the son Kazimierz Stadnicki;
Antoni Stadnicki in 1741, 2nd married to Teresa Potocka.

Above Franciszek Potocki was the owner of Zdonia and Brusnik in the Cracow province.

Above Marianna [Teresa's mother] was 1 voto Aleksander SZEMBEK, the official in CRACOW.

Antoni 3rd married Franciszka Otwinowska in 1747, the daughter of JOZEF OTWINOWSKI, the owner of SZCZERCOW, close to WOLA WIAZOWA, and his wife Petronela Debinska / Petronella Dembinska !

Above Franciszka Otwinowska STADNICKA had a son -
PIOTR Stadnicki [2nd], the Czernichow official, close to MIECHOW; Piotr was the owner of Lapanow, Zbydniow, UJAZD, Rybie, Boczow, Brzezow close to BOCHNIA.

And second son of named Franciszka -
Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1750, the owner of Zbydniow, in 1779 the owner of Tegoborz, Rozdziele, Zawadka, Swidnik, Znamierowice and Zalezie close to Nowy Sacz, and Filipowka, died in 1811 or in 1819, m. Antonina Otwinowska, 2 voto Odrzywolska, with 3 sons:
Feliks, b. ca 1775; Jozef; Fortunat Stadnicki.

JAN Stadnicki [b. ca 1752 ?] was the 3rd son of named Antoni Stadnicki and Franciszka Otwinowska. In 1792 he had Zbyszyce, Jelna, Milkowa, Zbek, Glinnik, Posadowa, Gurow close to Nowy Sacz; Gorlice, Rychwald close to Jaslo; Jan died before 1816. Jan married Aniela KOTKOWSKA, the daughter of Stanislaw and Eufrozyna JORDAN.

Explanation 2:

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki b. 1710/1720, was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.
Husband of Martyna Stadnicka / Marta Lanckoronski.
Brother of Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki.

Above JAN STADNICKI: b. maybe ca 1690, died in 1740, the son of
Mikolaj Franciszek Stadnicki. Above MIKOLAJ: b. ca 1660 ?, died in 1714, the son of
Franciszek Stadnicki b. ca 1620/1640 or ca 1637. Franciszek Stadnicki b. ca 1637, was maybe the son of above {?} PIOTR Stadnicki, b. 1598 and above ELZBIETA JORDAN [came from Marek Stadnicki of Lichwin, 1560/1570-1611].

But we know on Franciszek Stadnicki:
b. ca 1629/1630, d. 1663.
The son of Mikolaj Stadnicki, 1580/1600-1629;
grandson of
Andrzej Stadnicki
[Mikolaj was the brother of MAREK Stadnicki] and Anna Niedrzwiecka.

Mikolaj Stadnicki d. 1629, MP, the Sanok official; Mikolaj's brother was Marek Stadnicki - they together visited Germany, England, Niemczech, Francji, Anglii, Netherlands and Italy. Studied at Bolonia and Padwa in 1611. Mikolaj was the son of Andrzej Stadnicki + Anna Niedrzwiecki.

Compare:
A.
Antoni Stadnicki + Franciszka had second son:

Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1750, the owner of Zbydniow, in 1779 the owner of Tegoborz, Rozdziele, Zawadka, Swidnik, Znamierowice and Zalezie close to Nowy Sacz, and Filipowka, died in 1811 or in 1819, m. Antonina Otwinowska, 2 voto Odrzywolska,
with 3 sons:
Feliks, b. ca 1775;
Jozef;
Fortunat Stadnicki [1st].

B.
Fortunat Stadnicki [2nd]: b. 1818 in Zbydniow, d. 1872 in Roztoka, CONSPIRATOR.

His father - Jozef Stadnicki 1790-1819 + Antonina Otwinowska b. 1799 - she married Jan Odrzywolski, too.

Fortunat married to Korona Berska 1 voto Glebocka.

JOZEF's grandfather - Antoni Stadnicki, the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777.

In 1799 one of the Stadnicki family, Franciszek Stadnicki, bought the land of Nawojowa situated near Nowy Sacz.
The Stadnicki family who settled in Nawojowa, resided there from 1799 until 1945. They had important contribution in political life of Galicia. Adam Zbigniew Stadnicki (1882-1982), was the last owner of Nawojowa.

NAWOJNA = NAWOJOWA, 9 km south to Nowy Sacz;
the Lubomirskis owned the estate before the Stadnickis; Lubomirski were here since 1713.

Franciszek Stadnicki (1742 - 1810), the Bar insurgent in 1768, defender of Cracow / Krakow. The Ostrzeszow official; MP of Wielun in 1764; the owner of Rymanow and Dukla (1809).

Stadnicki Franciszek was the General of the Kalisz troops in 1792 and in 1794.
The son of Antoni STADNICKI of Ostrzeszow and Wyszogrod + his 2nd wife, Teresa Potocki Stadnicka, the daughter of Franciszek POTOCKI, Colonel + Marianna Stradomski, Szembek, Potocka.
Named Antoni Stadnicki, the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.

Antoni was the son of
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1670, d. 1737;
the grandson of
Jan STADNICKI + Katarzyna Kowieska.


Note [I check my mistakes]:

Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki
was the son of
Piotr Stadnicki b. 1740, d. 1819;
the grandson of
Jozef Stadnicki 1710-1772 and Marcjanna Morska.

Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki [b. 1765 in Jakubkowice, d. in ZMIGROD in 1842], m. Tekla Stadnicka in 1804.
They had children:
Teresa Maria Glogowska b. 1808;
Izabela Maria KRASICKI, b. 1812;
Edward Piotr Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1817.

TEKLA was the daughter of
Franciszek Stadnicki 1742-1810 + Teresa Wezyk b. ca 1748
[see below !]. Teresa Wezyk, the daughter of Jozef WEZYK + Helena Jordan.

Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1742, was the son of
Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszow, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.

Also Franciszek Stadnicki and Teresa Wezyk had the son -
Antoni Stadnicki junior
[Antoni Waclaw Michal Egidiusz Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1771 in Opatow, died in 1836 in Trzcinica]
+ Jozefa Jablonowski [the daughter of Stanislaw Jablonowski];
Antoni Stadnicki, junior, acted in WIELUN and was the owner of DUKLA, Gorzyce, LEZYN, Ropianki, and in 1801 of ZMIGROD, but in 1795 moved to Netherlands, until ca 1799.
Antoni Waclaw had a sibilings:
Ignacy Stadnicki + Ksawera Zboinska,
Anna + Stanislaw Malachowski,
Tekla Stadnicka b. 1775, d. 1843 + Jan Kanty Stadnicki b. 1765, d. 1842 !;
Helena the owner of DUKLA + General Wojciech Mecinski.


The BAR UPRISING - Stadnicki in 1768:

JAN Stadnicki [b. bef. 1754, d. ca 1816] was the MP in 1764 and in 1786, 1780 of WIELUN; 1792-1793 acted in KALISZ; the BAR insurgent in 1768; jailed by Russians. Half brother of Franciszek Stadnicki, b. in 1742.

Son of Antoni Stadnicki and Franciszka. Antoni died in 1777 [Antoni was the brother of Jozef Stadnicki b. ca 1710, d. 1772. Jozef was the father of Ignacy Stadnicki; Antoni Walenty Stadnicki; Feliks Stadnicki; and Piotr Stadnicki].

Grandson of Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki d. 1737 [see below !];

the great-grandson of Jan Stadnicki b. 1636 + Katarzyna Kowieska.

The great-great-grandson of PIOTR STADNICKI.

JAN Stadnicki [JAN Stadnicki [b. bef. 1754, d. ca 1816] was the MP in 1764 and in 1786] was the owner of Rymanow - close to KROSNO - Galicia in 1772.

Rymanow
- owned by Franciszek Stadnicki.
Bef 1900 - owned by Anna Potocka. Anna Zofia nee Dzialynski, Potocka, b. 1846 in Kornik, Prussia; d. 1926; the daughter of Adam Tytus Dzialynski (1796-1861) + Gryzelda Celestyna Zamoyski (1805-1883); Anna was the sister of Jan Kanty (1828-1880) and of Cecylia.
Anna married Stanislaw Potocki. Stanislaw Potocki (1837-1884), the son of Przemyslaw Potocki (1805-1847), + Dss Teresa Sapieha.

And the second BAR insurgent:

Franciszek Stadnicki (1742 - 1810), the Bar insurgent in 1768, defender of Cracow / Krakow. The Ostrzeszow official; MP of Wielun in 1764; the owner of Rymanow and Dukla (1809).
Stadnicki Franciszek was the General of the Kalisz troops in 1792 and in 1794.

The son of Antoni STADNICKI of Ostrzeszow and Wyszogrod + his 2nd wife, Teresa Potocki Stadnicka, the daughter of Franciszek POTOCKI, Colonel + Marianna Stradomski, Szembek, Potocka. Named Antoni Stadnicki, the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.
Antoni was the son of
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1670, d. 1737 [see above !];
the grandson of
Jan STADNICKI + Katarzyna Kowieska.

Note to above:

Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki d. 1737;
the son of Jan Stadnicki b. 1636 + Katarzyna Kowieska.
The grandson of PIOTR STADNICKI.



Felsztyn of Tadeusz Grabianka + Wola Wiazowa of Pradzynski with the family of KIEDRZYNSKI, and Malczewo - Niechanowo - Mogilno - Mierzewo, the line to Jozef PASZKOWSKI, Jan Krasicki, Uminski, Mielzynski, Breza, MIEROSLAWSKI:

1.

Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society.
The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.
Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator of POTOCKI,
the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794,
son of Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianka
from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.
He started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga.

In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski;
in Stryj and Sambor;
Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamowka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Konigstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden.

2.

Compare

Skeliwka = FELSZTYN of Kalinowski-Grabianka, and of BERNARD Grabianka

[close to Stary Sambor - 1772 in Austria.
In 1753 new church was founded by Marianna Grabianka nee Kalinowska; the wife of Jozef Grabianka, the Latyczow official.
Then FELSZTYN + Rajkowce belonged to Jozef's son - TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, the ILLUMINATI.
Tadeusz sold in 1781 the half of Felsztyn + Rajkowce to Onufry Morski, the Kamieniec Podolski governor. But again Onufry Morski sold Felsztyn to hands of
TERESA GRABIANKA nee Stadnicka bef. 1791.
They were the friends of the Kamieniec Podolski bishop KRASINSKI.

Then, to MARTYNA GRABIANKA Czarnecka and next to Martyna Zieleniewska nee Myslowska].

Felsztyn is situted 4/5 km north-east to LASZKI MUROWANE - see Krasicki.

3.

Jozef Mieczyslaw Ujejski, the Messianic author, b. in Tarnow in 1883, d. 1937;
was the son of
Doctor Gustaw Ujejski and Sylwia Krasicka

[SYLWIA KRASICKA UJEJSKA - the daughter of
Jozef Boleslaw Krasicki b. 1834,
and the granddaughter of Colonel Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki / Jakub Jan Krasicki b. 1785 / 1781 in Kamionka Wielka close to Nowy Sacz, in Galicia; the owner of MALCZEWO close to GNIEZNO and he was living in Malczewo / Malczew in 1814-1831

{the family was buried in NIECHANOWO},

1832 jailed in Prussia,
married SYLWIA PRADZYNSKA, the sister of GENERAL IGNACY PRADZYNSKI
- see Wola Wiazowa + Pradzynski + Kiedrzynski -

Jakub Jan KRASICKI was the son of Jakub Krasicki and Kunegunda Ciecierska].


Note on Krasicki:

1.
Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Ogiński born Ronne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis {see Michal Kleofas Oginski and Polish underground conspiracy for independence} with daughter Gabrielė Marija Renė Oginskaitė / GABRIELA MARIA RONNE, 1830 - 1912 of Gargzdai {see Mielzynski} who married twice, to Edward Jozef Krasicki and Eugeniusz von Ronne.

Edward [Eduard-Josef Krasicki b. 1831 in HLUSZA + Gabriela Oginska] owner of Hlusza in Wolyn; widow after him - Gabryela Oginska, the daughter of above Tadeusz Oginski, b. 1798 and Maryia Ronne / Maria von Ronne [Marianna Tekla von Ronne (Borewicz, Oginska)].

Above Edward Jozef Krasicki 1831-1877 + Gabriela Maria Oginska 1830-1912 [1911] had son Leon Wilhelm Marian Krasicki 1856-1866.

Edward Jozef Krasicki 1831-1877 was the brother of
Count Witold Krasicki b. 1822 in Worokomle; they both were sons of
Leon Krasicki d. 1859 in Hlusza;
the grandsons of count Karol Stanislaus Krasicki, b. 1776;
the great-grandsons of Stanisław Krasicki the owner of Machnowo, and Marianna Poletyllo / Marianna Katarzyna Poletyłło / Poletylo.

Above Karol Stanislaw Krasicki was the husband of countess Anna Julia Broel-Plater and the father of Konstancja Jagmin and Leon Krasicki.

Above mentioned Stanislaw KRASICKI, b. ca 1750,
was the son of
Wincenty Franciszek Krasicki, 1709-1752

[Count Wincenty Krasicki, 1709-1752, m. Maria Jozefa Szaniawska. He was the owner of Worokomla and Wielka Hlusza. Then Hlusza belonged to his son - Stanislaw Krasicki, the BELZ official, m. Maria Poletylo];
the grandson of
Karol Aleksander Krasicki, the governor of Przemyśl, 1650 / 1681 ? - 1717, the owner of Dubiecko, Rokietnica, Tuligłowy. From the SANGUSZKO family he had Kamien Koszyrski. Karol m. Katarzyna Czetwertyński and 2nd Eleonora Rzewuski.
KAROL Krasicki, b. ca 1650, was the father of
count Jozef Stefan Krasicki b. ca 1677

[the father of Marianna Ewa Krasicka; Jan Krasicki b. ca 1700
{the father of Anna Cieszkowska; Antoni Jozef Krasicki; Klemens Krasicki; Jozef Jan Marcin Krasicki; Gertruda Krasicka, and 3 others};
Karol Krasicki; and Aleksander Ferdynand Krasicki];

Jan Wincenty Krasicki born in 1704

[the father of
BISHOP Ignacy Błażej Franciszek Krasicki;
Antoni Krasicki b. 1736

{the father of Katarzyna Stadnicka b. 1761
(+ JOZEF STADNICKI, b. 1750, the son of Alexander STADNICKI.
Jozef was the father of Teofila Krasicki nee Stadnicka, 1783 in Dubiecko + in Niemierow in 1806 to MACIEJ KRASICKI, 1783-1855,
the son of Antoni Krasicki, 1736-1800, the grandson of
Jan Wincenty Krasicki the governor of Chełm, 1704-1751);
Jan Krasicki;
Ignacy Adam Krasicki,
and Franciszek Ksawery Krasicki};

Marianna Rościszewska;
Brygida Morska (see GRABIANKA-KALINOWSKI);
Marcin Krasicki; and 2 others];

Anna Sapieha;
Wincenty Franciszek Krasicki,
and Feliks Krasicki.

Karol Krasicki was the grandfather of Bishop Ignacy Krasicki, poet.

Karol Krasicki was the son of
Adam Władysław Krasicki, 1610-1677, the Przemysl governor, and Izabela Maliński.

Adam was the son of Jerzy Krasicki b. ca 1580, and Anna Sanguszko.

2.

In 1781, in Kamionka / Kamionka Wielka near Nowy Sącz, in Galicia, the parents Jakub KRASICKI, the 1768 BAR Confederate, and his wife Kunegunda, had the son Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki
(born in 1781 or 1785 in Kamionka Wielka, 9 km east to NAWOJOWA !).

See:
Jozef Krasicki, MP of Kamionka and Busk in 1877.

Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki died in 1850 in Malczewo, buried in Niechanowo.

Kamionka Wielka, south-east to NOWY SACZ.

Jakub Krasicki, b. ca 1745/1750, was the son of
Count Jan Krasicki of Siecin, the Korytnica official, b. ca 1726 / 1728, m. ca 1750 to Marianna Małachowska b. ca 1730.

The grandfather was
Count Wincenty Franciszek Krasicki, 1709-1752 [= FRANCISZEK KRASICKI, b. 1709].
The great-grandparents:
Karol KRASICKI and Eleonora Rzewuska.

Jakub married Kunegunda Ciecierska. Jakub Krasicki b. ca 1745/1750. His son Colonel Jan Krasicki (1785-1848) married Sylwia Prądzyński.

Jan was the friend of Ignacy Prądzyński. Ignacy Prądzyński and his wife Emilia, wrote many letters to his parents, and to Wincenty Jozef; and to sister Sylwia and her husband Jan Krasicki.

Jan Krasicki = Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki b. 1785, and not in 1781, but in Kamionka / Kamionka Wielka. His father JAKUB KRASICKI confirmed nobility in 1795 in Lwow. And young Jan studied in Przemysl.

Please read on the genealogy of
Roch Fryderyk Krasicki (ca 1720 - 1779); Roch had a son Franciszek Salezy Krasicki

{Franciszek b. 1750 + Aleksandra Grabowska 1771-1789,
her father - Jan Jerzy Grabowski 1730-1789 and Elżbieta Szydłowska - Jan Jerzy was the son of Stefan Grabowski}.
Roch's wife was Elżbieta Rey.

Jan Jerzy Grabowski d. 1789, General, Calvinist in Sluck.

Elżbieta Grabowska nee Szydłowska was the wife of Stanisław August Poniatowski.

Roch's father - Aleksander Ferdynand Krasicki + Elżbieta (Halszka) Wielhorska.

3.

Jakub's [b. ca 1745/1750] father -

Count Jan Krasicki, b. 1726 / 1728, m. Marianna Małachowska b. ca 1730.
The grandfather was Wincenty Franciszek Krasicki, 1709-1752.
The great-grandfather - Karol Krasicki + Eleonora Rzewuska.


More to above text:

Jakub married Kunegunda Ciecierska. Jakub Krasicki b. ca 1745/1750. His son
Colonel Jan Krasicki (1785-1848) married Sylwia Prądzyński.

Stanislaw KRASICKI, b. ca 1750, was the son of mentioned Wincenty Franciszek Krasicki, 1709-1752. Count Wincenty Krasicki, 1709-1752, m. Maria Jozefa Szaniawska. He was the owner of Worokomla and Wielka Hłusza. Then Hlusza belonged to his son - Stanisław Krasicki, the BELZ official, m. Maria Poletyło. Stanislaw was the grandson of
Karol Aleksander Krasicki, the governor of Przemyśl, 1650 / 1681 ? - 1717, the owner of Dubiecko, Rokietnica, Tuligłowy. From the SANGUSZKO family he had Kamien Koszyrski. Karol m. Katarzyna Czetwertyński and 2nd Eleonora Rzewuski.
KAROL Krasicki, b. ca 1650, was the father of
count Jozef Stefan Krasicki b. ca 1677,
Jan Wincenty Krasicki born in 1704,
Anna Sapieha;
Wincenty Franciszek Krasicki,
and Feliks Krasicki.

Karol Krasicki was the son of
Adam Władysław Krasicki, 1610-1677, the Przemysl governor, and Izabela Maliński. Adam was the son of Jerzy Krasicki b. ca 1580, and Anna Sanguszko.

JAKUB Krasicki
was the manager of the Laszki Murowane in 1791. In this year Wiktor Aleksander Krasicki was born, to Kunegunda Ciecierska Krasicki + Jakub Krasicki. Laszki Murowane is situated close to FELSZTYN.
And more on Jakub Krasicki and his wife CIECIERSKA:
Kunegunda KRASICKI CIECIERSKA corresponded with FRYDERYK II [1712-1786] of Prussia.
She had a daughter Aleksandra Krasicka b. ca 1782, and the son Wiktor Aleksander Krasicki.


Remember:

Ignacy Augustyn Michal Gorzenski born 1743, died in 1816 in Warsaw, the Senator of the Polish Kingdom, chamberlain, aide and chief of the Military Chambers of King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski; the Crown Forces lieutenant general and adjutant general of the king; Ensign of Kalisz and Poznan; Poznan chamberlain, a member from the Poznan province to Four-Year Parliament in 1788; the Senator of the Kalisz province of the Duchy of Warsaw, co-founder of the May 3rd Constitution.

He was the son of Antoni Gorzenski, and Ludwika Bleszynski of Bydgoszcz, in 1774 married
Aleksandra Skorzewski of Labiszyn (1761 - 1801),
daughter of General Franciszek Skorzewski and Marianna nee Ciecierski - famous favourite of Fryderyk II the Prussia King.
Above Ludwika Bleszynska / Bleszynski, 1718-1759, was the daughter of Michal Bleszynski 1680 - 1769, grand-daughter of Jakub Bleszynski and Teresa Gorayska / Teresa Gorzenski.

Note:
Wirydianna Fiszerowa / Fiszer / Wirydianna Radolinska, Kwilecka b. in Wyszyny, d. in Dzialyn in 1826 (Dzialyn - a village in the administrative district of Klecko, in west-central Poland, at way from Klecko to Gniezno); she known Frederick II of Prussia, Izabela Czartoryska, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Jozef Poniatowski, Jan Henryk Dabrowski, and Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick- Wolfenbuettel. She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.
Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.


Laszki Murowane / Murowane, 4 km south-west to Skeliwka = FELSZTYN of Tadeusz GRABIANKA !
Near to Stary Sambor.

Julia Teresa Wandalin-Mniszech b. 1777 in Laszki Murowane, m. Ksawery Franciszek Krasicki b. in Ksawerow in 1774 - d. in Posada Leska in 1844. Laszki belonged to the Mniszechs until 1815; then Edward Zerboni de Spoletti bought it from Stanisław Mniszech, next to Marceli Bogdanowicz, and in 1861 Michał Krasicki.

Ksawery Franciszek Krasicki b. 1774, General, insurgent in 1794; in Sanok in 1809, fought against Austrians; insurgent in 1831, the owner of Lesko. The son of Antoni Krasicki b. 1736, Wielicko, and Rozalia Charczewska; Ksawery's son - Edmund Krasicki + Aniela Brzostowski.

Jozef Mieczyslaw Ujejski b. in Tarnow in 1883, was the great-great-grandson of [the mother side]
Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski [see Wola Wiazowa and the Kiedrzynskis !] 1761-1817 and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska [Oppeln-Bronikowska] 1770-1847

{Marcjanna Pradzynska (Oppeln-Bronikowska or BRONIKOWSKA), b. 1770, was the daughter of
Ignacy Bronikowski died ca 1782 [or Ignacy Bronikowski 1750-1782, the son of STEFAN BRONIKOWSKI];

the granddaughter of
Stefan Bronikowski b. 1708, died in 1771
{see below !}
[Marcjanna Marszewska b. 1713, died in 1771 + Stefan Bronikowski, b. 1708, d. 1771 - Stefan had a brother Aleksander Bronikowski];

the great-granddaughter of
Wojciech Bronikowski b. ca 1660/1680
[Wojciech Bronikowski died in 1740, m. in 1695 to Katarzyna Sczaniecka, d. 1741];

the great-great-granddaughter of
Marcin Bronikowski
[Marcin Bronikowski = Marcjan Bronikowski, b. ca 1630, d. 1683, m. 1662 to Zofia Koszutska d. 1686]

who was the son of
Jan Bronikowski b. ca 1600

[Jan Bronikowski b. ca 1600, d. 1648, married 1st in 1614 to Jadwiga Szczucka; 2nd m. 1631 to Zofia Sadowska d. 1664.
Jan had a brother Maciej Bronikowski b. ca 1591 - d. 1623, m. in 1611, Barbara Gninska.
Jan was the son of Piotr Bronikowski d. 1608, m. in 1593 to Malgorzata Mierzewska d. 1603;
the grandson of Wojciech "Senior" Bronikowski, b. ca 1530, d. 1594, m. in 1554 to Zofia Kakolewska, d. 1588;
the great-grandson of
Wincenty Bronikowski and Malgorzata.

But DOBROGAST Bronikowski, b. ca 1600, was the son of JAN Bronikowski b. ca 1560 - inf. WSCHOWA

{see below ! - Dobrogost was the father of
Zygmunt Bronikowski;
Barbara Gruszczynska;
Katarzyna Turska;
and Wojciech Bronikowski}.

Also,
Aleksander Wojciech Bronikowski was the son of JAN Bronikowski born ca 1560 of Wschowa

{Aleksander was the father of
Przeclaw Bronikowski;
Aleksander Bronikowski;
Jan Bronikowski;
Krzysztof Bronikowski;
Urszula Bronikowski;
and 5 others - acc. to L. Mila}];

Jan Bronikowski b. ca 1600, was the son of Piotr Bronikowski, b. ca 1570, d. 1608, m. in 1593 to Malgorzata Mierzewska d. 1603; the grandson of Wojciech "Senior" Bronikowski, b. ca 1530, d. 1594, m. in 1554 to Zofia Kakolewska, d. 1588.

So, Jan come from
Piotr Bronikowski b. ca 1570
[Piotr Bronikowski b. ca 1570, d. in 1608, m. in 1593 to Malgorzata Mierzewska d. 1603],

who was the son of
Wojciech Bronikowski, b. ca 1530, killed in 1595

[Wojciech Bronikowski "Senior", b. ca 1530, died 1594, m. 1554 to Zofia Kakolewska died in 1588.

WOJCIECH Bronikowski, b. ca 1530, was the son of Wincenty Bronikowski and Malgorzata Bronikowska.

Wojciech was the husband of 1st Zofia, 2nd Jadwiga Bronikowska, 3rd to unknown.

Wojciech b. ca 1530, was the father of

Jan Bronikowski b. ca 1560 of WSCHOWA

{d. 1614,
Jan b. ca 1560, was the father of
Stanislaw Bronikowski / von Oppelln-Bronikowski;
Dobrogast Bronikowski / von Oppelln-Bronikowski of Neudorf, b. ca 1600 [see below !];
Krzysztof Bronikowski / von Oppelln-Bronikowski [died in 1613];
Aleksander Wojciech Bronikowski

[died in 1647; the father of
Przeclaw Bronikowski;
Aleksander Bronikowski

(named Aleksander was the father of
Wojciech Bronikowski; Stefan Bronikowski; Jan Bronikowski; Mikolaj Bronikowski; Rafal Bronikowski; and 3 others acc to geni.com);
Jan Bronikowski;
Krzysztof Bronikowski;
Urszula Bronikowski;
and 5 others];

and Wojciech Bronikowski of BUCZA [died in 1641]};

above
Piotr Bronikowski b. ca 1570

[the father of
Jan Bronikowski and Zofia Buszewska;
the grandfather of MARCIN;
the great-grandfather of WOJCIECH Bronikowski,
the great-great-grandfather of STEFAN, 1708-1771;
and Stefan was the father of
Ignacy Bronikowski and Antoni Bronikowski, acc. to Leszek Mila.
Ignacy was the father of Marcjanna Marianna Pradzynska];

Wojciech Bronikowski 2nd;

and Andrzej Bronikowski.

Wojciech b. ca 1530, was the brother of
Maciej Bronikowski;
and Stanislaw Oppeln-Bronikowski

{named above Stanislaw was the son of Wincenty -
above Stanislaw + Jadwiga had a son
Andrzej Oppeln-Bronikowski, and the
grandson Swietoslaw Oppeln-Bronikowski}];

and grandson of
Wincenty Bronikowski, with the Osek coat of arms, of Bronikowo, b. ca 1490/1500 - d. ca 1549
[Wincenty Bronikowski b. ca 1490/1500, d. 1549, m. 1520 to Malgorzata Gutowska / Gulatowska, d. 1534]}.


Note:

Bronikowski Ksawery (born in 1796 in MOGILNO or Mogilna - died in exile in 1852 in PARIS), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association.
In 1817 moved home on Warsaw.
1823-1824 jailed by Russians. He acted together with Maurycy Mochnacki and Piotr Wysocki.
KSAWERY Bronikowski was a co-founder and vice-president of the Patriotic Society, which was established on December 1, 1830. In 1831 he left Warsaw and joined the army as a volunteer (to capitulate vice- president of Warsaw). He was originally associated with Joachim Lelewel in exile.

The grandson of Jan Bronikowski died in 1752, and Barbara Rogowska d. 1738 [the marriage in 1714].

Mentioned Jan Bronikowski b. ca 1690, d. 1752, junior,
was the son of Hieronim Bronikowski died in 1701, and [m. in 1679] Ewa Elzbieta UNRUG / UNRUH d. 1722.
Jan was the husband in 1714 to Barbara ROGOWSKI, Bronikowska and Malgorzata in 1712. Father of Marianna Moszczenska; Piotr Bronikowski and Teresa Pomorska.

Named
Hieronim Bronikowski b. ca 1660, died in 1701. Husband of Ewa Elzbieta = Elzbieta von UNRUH, Bronikowska in 1679, she died in 1722;
the father of Jan Bronikowski.

Above named
Hieronim was the son of Jan Bronikowski, senior, b. ca 1625, died in 1672/1677; and Katarzyna Broniewska m. in 1645, died in 1680.

JAN was the brother of Aleksander Bronikowski, senior, b. ca 1625 / 1630 - d. 1692. Jan was the brother of Przeclaw Bronikowski b. 1624; and of Krzysztof Bronikowski died in 1662.

Jan was the son of
Aleksander Bronikowski, d. 1649, m. in 1620 to Anna Schlichting d. 1675
[Aleksander had a brother Stanislaw Bronikowski d. 1657, m. 1617 to Helena Gorzenska, died in 1662, with a son ADAM died 1693];

the grandson of
Jan Bronikowski d. 1614, m. 1585 to Jadwiga Wojciejewska.
Jan Bronikowski in 1592 m. 2nd to Ewa Brodzka d. 1608; Jan Bronikowski d. 1614 m. 3rd to unknown.
Details:
Wojciech Bronikowski "Senior", b. ca 1530, died 1594, m. 1554 to Zofia Kakolewska died in 1588.
WOJCIECH Bronikowski, b. ca 1530, was the son of Wincenty Bronikowski and Malgorzata Bronikowska.
Wojciech was the husband of 1st Zofia, 2nd Jadwiga Bronikowska, 3rd to unknown.
Wojciech b. ca 1530, was the father of
Jan Bronikowski b. ca 1560 of WSCHOWA, d. 1614
[Wojciech Bronikowski, b. ca 1530, was the father of
Jan Bronikowski b. ca 1560 of WSCHOWA,
and PIOTR Bronikowski born 1570;
Wojciech Bronikowski 2nd;
and Andrzej Bronikowski].
Jan b. ca 1560, was the father of
Stanislaw Bronikowski / von Oppelln-Bronikowski died in 1657;
Dobrogast Bronikowski / von Oppelln-Bronikowski of Neudorf, b. ca 1600, died in 1682;
Krzysztof Bronikowski / von Oppelln-Bronikowski [died in 1613];
Aleksander Wojciech Bronikowski = Aleksander Bronikowski d. in 1649.


Explanation to my mistake:

Jan was NOT the brother of Zygmunt Bronikowski 1628-1699 [or in 1732 ?].

Zygmunt Bronikowski, d. 1699, m. in 1661 to Anna Dziembowska d. 1687;
Zygmunt was the son of Dobrogast Bronikowski, ca 1600-1676/1682, the owner of NEUDORF.
Dobrogost Bronikowski [see above !] died in 1682, married in 1628 to Marianna Nowowiejska d. 1659; and grandson of
Jan Bronikowski, ca 1560 - ca 1614. Jan Bronikowski d. 1614, m. 1st in 1585 to Jadwiga Wlociejewska; Jan Bronikowski m. 2nd in 1592 to Ewa Brodzka d. 1608.


We back again to
above Gustaw Ujejski and Sylwia Krasicka

- GUSTAW was the son of Wilhelm Marceli Ujejski, b. ca 1830, and Angela Ujejska Wojakowska born in 1832.

GUSTAW was the grandson of
Wincenty / Jozef Ujejski, b. 1778, the ILLUMINATI

{secret ILLUMINATI envoy to St Petersburg after the death of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA in 1807},

and Tekla Ujejska Stojowska-JORDAN.

The great-grandson of Joachim Ujejski b. 1742,
who was the son of Jozef Ujejski OLDEST, born 1705,
the grandson of Krzysztof Ujejski 3rd + Anna RZECZYCKA.

4.

Melchior's PRADZYNSKI brother was Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army].

PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski
- with the son Andrzej Pradzynski 1794-1872

{born in KOWALEW / Kowalewo close to Pleszew, and 5 km east to ORPISZEWEK; close to Lutynia, Fabianow and KOTLIN. Died in 1872 in Zerkowo / ZERKOW close to Nowe Miasto by the WARTA river, and north to Jarocin, north-west to PLESZEW}.
ANDRZEJ Pradzynski married 1st Apolonia Szulc {with son Jozef Antoni Pradzynski b. 1832, married to Maria Barbara Leokadia Drzenska in 1867 / 1868 in Szemborowo close to Wrzesnia} and 2nd to unknown, with the son Maksymilian Pradzynski.

Melchior Pradzynski was the son of Antoni Pradzynski b. 1710, and Marianna Czaplicka. Melchior's brother was Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847
[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. mentioned Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790
- it was her second marriage ca 1825.

5.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 [Nepomucena Moszczenska Sulimierska] - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847.

In 1759 Antoni Pradzynski agreeing on financial matters with Franciszka Szoldrska, of Inowroclaw; and with Anna Dzialynska, of KALISZ; it concerns Wroniawy [see also on Arnold and Kiedrzynski], Marianna Bronikowski and Wladyslaw Pradzynski.

Nepomucena Pradzynska married 1st to Antoni Moszczenski, ca 1810 to ca 1825, son of Aleksander Ezechiel Moszczenski official in Brzesc Kujawski [!], 1759-1846, and Marianna Radziminska. Nepomucena's children: Teodor 1812-1831; Ignacy 1813-1880; Aleksander 1819-1829; Antoni Stefan Tadeusz 1822-1829.

6.

Above
Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - her second marriage ca 1825. W. Maciej Sulimierski / Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski, the owner of the Wiesiolka village and the owner of ZIELENCICE, where he lived the future godfather of Filip SULIMIERSKI [December 22, 1843 / Jan. 1844], was pardoned in the Russian court after 1834 although he was arrested for the guerrilla of 1833.

Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:

Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and
Wincenty Jozef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA
- here were living my ancestors !],
m. Salomea Mierzynska.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858: in Jarzabkowo, in 1847, Marcjanna Pradzynski nee Bronikowska, was buried.

Jarzabkowo - 4/5 km west to MIERZEWO - see Jozef PASZKOWSKI!

Jarzabkowo - 5 km south-west to MALCZEWO. Jakub Jan Krasicki, b. 1785/1781 in Kamionka / Kamionka Wielka, in Galicia, the owner of MALCZEW / MALCZEWO. Kamionka Wielka is situated 9 km east to NAWOJOWA.

In 1799 one of the Stadnicki family, Franciszek Stadnicki, bought the land of Nawojowa situated near Nowy Sacz. The Stadnicki family who settled in Nawojowa, resided there from 1799 until 1945. They had important contribution in political life of Galicia. Adam Zbigniew Stadnicki (1882-1982), was the last owner of Nawojowa.
NAWOJNA = NAWOJOWA, 9 km south to Nowy Sacz;
the Lubomirskis owned the estate before the Stadnickis; Lubomirski were here since 1713.
Franciszek Stadnicki (1742 - 1810), the Bar insurgent in 1768, defender of Cracow / Krakow. The Ostrzeszow official; MP of Wielun in 1764; the owner of Rymanow and Dukla (1809).
Stadnicki Franciszek was the General of the Kalisz troops in 1792 and in 1794.
The son of Antoni STADNICKI of Ostrzeszow and Wyszogrod + his 2nd wife, Teresa Potocki Stadnicka, the daughter of Franciszek POTOCKI, Colonel + Marianna Stradomski, Szembek, Potocka.
Named Antoni Stadnicki, the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.
Antoni was the son of Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1670, d. 1737;
the grandson of
Jan STADNICKI + Katarzyna Kowieska.

Jarzabkowo - inf. in 1836 and 1838 - was owned by Stanislaw Chrzanowski, married Balbina Maslowski.


7.

A.
Above
Colonel Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki / Jakub Jan Krasicki b. 1785/1781 in Kamionka in Galicia, the owner of MALCZEW close to GNIEZNO:

Jozef Mieczyslaw Ujejski, the above named author, b. in Tarnow in 1883, d. 1937; the son of
Doctor Gustaw Ujejski and Sylwia Krasicka

[SYLWIA - the daughter of Jozef Boleslaw Krasicki b. 1834,

and the granddaughter of Colonel Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki / Jakub Jan Krasicki b. 1785/1781 in Kamionka in Galicia, the owner of MALCZEW / MALCZEWO close to GNIEZNO and he was living in Malczew in 1814-1831 {the family was buried in NIECHANOW}, 1832 jailed in Prussia,
married SYLWIA PRADZYNSKA, the sister of GENERAL IGNACY PRADZYNSKI
-
Jakub Jan KRASICKI was the son of Jakub Krasicki and Kunegunda Ciecierska].

B.

Again I explain:
Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - her second marriage ca 1825. W. Maciej Sulimierski / Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski, the owner of the Wiesiolka village and the owner of ZIELENCICE, where he lived the future godfather of Filip SULIMIERSKI [December 22, 1843 / Jan. 1844], was pardoned in the Russian court after 1834 although he was arrested for the guerrilla.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862, m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Jozef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA - here were living my ancestors !], m. Salomea Mierzynska.


8.

Above
Jakub Jan Krasicki:

Jozef Boleslaw Krasicki 1834-1913, was the late son of Jakub Jan Krasicki and Sylwia Pradzynska, 1791- 1862.

Jakub Jan Krasicki met Stanislaw Pradzynski in Poznan in 1813/1814 after back from Paris. Sylwia was the daughter of named Stanislaw Pradzynski. Jakub Jan with Sylwia ca 1814/1815 moved home to MALCZEWO

[4 km north to Mierzewo; Colonel Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki / Jakub Jan Krasicki b. 1785/1781 in Kamionka in Galicia, the owner of MALCZEW close to GNIEZNO and he was living in Malczew in 1814-1831 {the family was buried in NIECHANOWO / Niechanow - 5 km north to MALCZEWO}, 1832 jailed in Prussia.

Niechanowo:

in 1740, Dzialynski sold the estate Niechanowo to hands of Count Henryk Bruhl.

Main manager - Onufry BREZA!

1763 - Niechanowo was sold to Franciszek Skorzewski and Marianna Skorzewski. They were owners of Margonin and Lubostron.
Gorczynski of Zbaszyn took the estate in 1789. Gorczynski until 1805 - then bought by
Katarzyna Mielzynski, widow from CHOBIENICE.

In 1815 to Prussia - in Arcugowo were the Roznowskis, and in
Karsew - old family of Krasicki.

In 1820, POTULICKI bought NIECHANOWO from MIELZYNSKI.
In 1847, Franciszek Zoltowski bought Niechanowo with Malachowo, Witkowo and Ruchocinek.
In 1848, the owner of Karsew and Malczewo - Jan Kracicki Siecina was died; he was the French officer, the Polish general, buried in Niechanowo.
His family - Kazimierz Krasicki; Jan Krasicki and Jozef Krasicki; Jozef fought in 1863.

Note:

Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the landowner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN,
had the son:
Kazimierz Uminski b. before 1730, the founder of a chapel in Ruszki; he bought in 1746 Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; the border bailiff in BRZESC KUJAWSKI, married to Teresa Besiekierski; d. 1798. KAZIMIERZ UMINSKI had children:
Konstanty Uminski, with a daughter Rozalia Uminska + Jan Morzycki, Captain, d. 1830, the owner of Chociszew close to OZORKOW.
With a granddaughter Eufrazyna Morzycka, 1825 - 1860 Nikonowka + Kazimierz Jan Pienkowski;

and next son and daughters of named Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730:

Stanislaw Uminski 1760 - 1811, served at the Royal Court + m. 1st Tekla b. 1775; m. 2nd to a granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski - the great-granddaughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski of WILCZKOW, b. ca 1715/1720 !

Brief explanation - Michal Bajkowski the owner of Czepy, official in Kalisz, married in 1785, to Franciszka Kiedrzynska, daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz, and Brygida Bardzki, with the daughter
Jozefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826, m. Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow, 2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski, 1786-1840, son of Antoni and Eleonora Boryslawski, the owner of Zimotki; Stanislaw's Uminski 1st wife was TEKLA b. 1775.

Kazimiera Uminska died in 1786;

Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski;
that is Ksawera Uminska b. ca 1750 - ca 1800 + Antoni Mieroslawski ca 1740 - ca 1810 [see the dictator of the January Uprising in 1863].

Antoni Mieroslawski b. ca 1740, d. 1797, the chamberlain in Inowroclaw; official in Kruszwica; the royal chamberlain,
married 1st to Marianna Radonska born ca 1745, d. 1775, but
2nd marriage before 1769 to Ksawera Franciszek Uminska
with son Adam Kasper Mieroslawski born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc.

Adam Kasper Mieroslawski, Colonel of the November Uprising in 1831, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Napoleonic Army, Adjutant of General Davout;
decorated with the title of the Knight of the French Empire; m. Camilla Notte de Vaupleux
with sons:
1.
Ludwik Adam Mieroslawski (born 1814 in Nemours, the godfather was Marshal Louis Davout, died 1878 in Paris),
general, writer and poet, political and nationalist activist, historian, participant of the November Uprising (1831), dictator of the January Uprising (February 17 - March 11, 1863);
2.
Adam Piotr Mieroslawski (born April 1815 in Strykow near Brzeziny, died 1851) - sailor, engineer, insurgent in 1831, he discovered again, after 300 years, the island of New Amsterdam, which he became the owner.


MARGONIN - 14 km west to CHODZIEZ.

Note to Margonin:
Acc. to my search:

Wladyslaw Woroniecki born ca 1650, had the sons:
1.
Mikolaj Wojciech Woroniecki, Duke [MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI b. 1680 - died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila + and Teresa Rydzynska]. Mikolaj Wojciech Woroniecki - the estate: Dziembowo 6 km south-west to KACZORY; and named Kaczory, at half way from PILA to CHODZIEZ - see Kiedrzynski - Arcichowski branch in MARGONIN!
2.
Jan Woroniecki, Duke, and
3.
Franciszek Mikolaj Woroniecki, b. 1700/1714;
4. probably
Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki b. ca 1710/1720, Duke.
5. and ?
Wojciech Woroniecki b. ca 1710 with a son ANDRZEJ Woroniecki - b. 1750 in LWOW, d. 1819; and the grandson KALIKST b. 1795.


Note to CHODZIEZ:

Arciechowski Jozef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817,
m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka.

Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].

JAKUB'S brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski and IZYDOR Kiedrzynski!

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771. Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son
Anastazy,
and daughters:
Marianna in 1779 m. to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !];
Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski;
Michalina;
Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.

Arciechowski Jozef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784,
with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821,
and with daughter
Monika, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.

Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 November 1806 was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize 3rd infantry regiment in the division of the General Jan Henryk Dabrowski.

The commanders of the other regiments in the division were also
Prince Anthony Sulkowski from Rydzyna (1 Regiment),
Lacki (2 regiment) and
Poninski (4 Regiment).

With Mielzynski co-operated the commander of the battalion
Major Stanislaw Fisher / Fiszer (then the Army Chief of General Staff).

On January 3, 1807 created division of gen. J. H. Dabrowski, with the 3rd Infantry Regiment, of Colonel Stanislav Mielzynski stationed in Pawlowice. Other regiments in Leszno, Zduny and Rawicz (see Sulkowski).

General Mielzynski was appointed commander of the infantry brigade in the 16th infantry division of General Zajaczek. With him commanders of the brigades in the division were:
General Franciszek Paszkowski (II infantry brigade)
and General Tyszkiewicz (cavalry brigade).

On September 8, 1815 Mielzynski was released from military service and began acted in secret societies, among others, in the Poznan branch of the National Freemasonry, the 'Association of Kosynier', he was a member of Freemasonry in the seventh degree and also belonged to several other Masonic lodges: "Knights of the Star", "The Brothers of the Union", was a master of the lodge "Humanity".

Stanislaw Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in June 1826 and was buried here;
left 17-year-old son Leo, who got Pawlowice and Kakolewo;
Stanislaw;
Elizabeth (1822 married Louis Mycielski, who in 1831 died) got Poniec;
Filipina (wife of Ignatius Szczaniecki - Miedzychod, a colonel during the uprising of 1848) had Laszczyn, while youngest
Eleonora Laura (m. in 1834 to Karol Czarniecki of Volhynia, divorced, 2nd m. in 1850 to General Jozef Napoleon Hutten- Czapski) taken Golancz.

Golancz is situated at northern Great Poland, close to Chodziez [see Kiedrzynski !]. The widow Prowidencja lived later in Poznan by 11 years. She died in Poznan, on October 11, 1837 and was buried in Pawlowice.

Golancz - 28 km east of Chodziez [Smogulec is north of Golancz]. See - Margonin - 14 km east of CHODZIEZ, and Chodziez close to ex- Prussian border - Arcichowski and Kiedrzynski. Margonin is situated 18 km west of named GOLANCZ !! Smogulec - north-east of Margonin.


Note to PASZKOWSKI and MIERZEWO:

Ignacy Paszkowski a manager in Jaszuny under Radziwill in ca 1783;

Jan Paszkowski - a manager in Mokrsko; b. in 1742, then in Brody ca 1776, and in the Cracow province in 1790.
Then Stanislaw Makowski in Mokrsko in 1754.

Jozef Paszkowski in Wrocimowice - b. 1724.

Jozef Paszkowski, manager in Mierzewo - born ca 1740; he was living in MIERZEWO in 1764 or ca 1765; in May 1764 in Jarzabkowo was baptised Jakub Filip PASZKOWSKI, the son of named Jozef Paszkowski and Anna.

My mistake:
"Jozef PASZKOWSKI of Brzezie [b. ca 1765 ?], the son of Jan Paszkowski of the Cracow province [b. 1742], moved to the Great Poland and left son - inf. in 1788 - owner of landestate close to Sampolno, [compare MADALINSKI, UMINSKI, Bajkowska-Kiedrzynska] in Skotniki".

Important explanation:

Jozef Paszkowski was the brother of named above
JAN PASZKOWSKI b. 1742.

Jozef Paszkowski was born ca 1740!

JAN'S [Jan Paszkowski, b. in 1742, lived in Mokrsko] next of kin: Jozef Paszkowski SENIOR, b. 1724 in Wrocimowice - close to MIECHOW; and Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1750 in Wegrzynowice - east to Koluszki.

Above named Jan Paszkowski [b. 1742, lived in MOKRSKO; mistake was 1750 / ca 1755] has got the Zadora coat of arms, and married 1st to unknown ca 1770, 2nd married in ca 1780 to Petronela Kulikowska b. ca 1750, with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + mentioned Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Krakow).

Named Dominik Paszkowski born 1783 in Brody, the Lwow province, was the half-brother to Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski (b. 1778 in BRODY), general, friend of MURAT and KOSCIUSZKO, who was the first son of JAN Paszkowski of MOKRSKO.

SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI - 12/13 km north-west to Radziejow.

RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejow in 1762; he was living 1733-1793; the son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska; the father of Prokop Mielzynski.

SKOTNIKI is situated 20 km west to RUSZKI.

Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie - see the granddaughter of JAKUB Kiedrzynski ! - close to Badkowo. Ksawera Franciszek Uminska with son Adam Kasper Mieroslawski born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc.

JARZABKOWO - 4 km west to MIERZEWO and 5 km south-west to MALCZEWO! Malczewo was in the Jarzabkowo parish. Malczewo was the property of BOLESLAW PONINSKI.

Mierzewo in the 19th century belonged to Kaczkowski, is situated in the NIECHANOWO district.

In 1849, Franciszek Zoltowski, the owner of Niechanowo.

JELITOWO belonged to Chrzanowski ca 1850 - 4 km north to Jarzabkowo.

ARCUGOWO - Michal Roznowski, the land-owner in 1815 - 5 km north-east to MALCZEWO.
Gurowo - 1784 managed by Melchior Gurowski of Gurowo, 6 km north-west to Malczewo.
Potrzymowo - ca 1790 the owner, St. Garczynski, also was heir of Niechanowo].

Jan Krasicki, the Great Poland citizen, but was born in AUSTRIA, was the son of named Jakub Krasicki and Kunegundy z Ciecierskich, ie. Jakub Jan KRASICKI was the son of Jakub Krasicki and Kunegunda Ciecierska. Jan KRASICKI was the friend of the Prussian General, von BRANDT.

NIECHANOWO:

In 1894, Count Franciszek Zoltowski was died and was buried in Niechanowo. Stanislaw Zoltowski, his son, was the new owner of Niechanowo. He died in 1909, Zakopane, buried in Niechanowo.


At http://www.conspiracyschool.com/round-table by David Livingstone, born in Montreal in 1966:

"...The plot of the Illuminati is directed from London ... According to researcher Dr. John Coleman, who interviewed a Grand Master at Oxford, the Knights of the Garter are the inner-sanctum, the elite of the elite of Her Majesty's Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem

[in 1823, the Council of the French Langues, faction of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, sought to raise through private money to restore a territorial base for the Order of Malta, but the attempt was failed when details leaked to the press. Then the Marquis de Sainte-Croix du Molay became its head. In 1826, Philippe de Castellane, a French Knight of Malta, negotiated in Britain with Scotsman, Donald Currie; De Castellane and Currie were then allowed by the French Council to form the Council of the English Langue in 1831, with a headquartered at St John's Gate {the Old Jerusalem Tavern}, in Clerkenwell

{see Edward Brown, Gudak and Breguet

(in 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown; he collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and he met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer - see Duflon & Konstantynowicz in St Petersburg and Moscow - more at http://konstantynowicz.info/Deka_Company_1904_- _1918_St_Petersburg/index.html - and a line to Miezonka and Wola Pszczolecka)
and also Lenin and Trocki
(Krzyzanowski and the Templars in Volhynia and Kiev - a line to the Posen province and Mielzynski - see Angela Merkel and Hanna Suchocka, and also to Cracow and Paszkowski - a line to Armand in Moscow and Anna Konstantynowicz - see Lenin and 'Iskra' - a line to Dzierzynski, Pilsudski, Pilar Pilchau - see 1939 in the Soviet Union):

at 30 Holford Square / Holford Gardens [1800 meters north-west of Clerkenwell Green], Lenin's first London address in April 1902 to 1903 and the offices of Iskra were at 37a Clerkenwell Green - 250 meters north-west of the Old Jerusalem Tavern! At present the Marx Memorial Library is situated ca 200 meters West of the Priory Church of the Order of St John}.

The Order of St. John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem known as St John International, is a royal order of chivalry first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s].

The Knights of the Order of the Garter are the leaders of the Illuminati hierarchy ...

[Queen Victoria, Alexandrina Victoria b. 1819 was daughter of
Edward, Duke of Kent

(son of George III {his father Frederick, Prince of Wales and mother Augusta of Saxe-Gotha} + Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1744 - 1818 {her father Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow, and mother Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen})

and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1786 - 1861

(1803 at Coburg, she married 1st to Charles, Prince of Leiningen; 2nd to Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, in 1818 at Amorbach. Victoria's father was Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and mother Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf daughter of Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schonberg)]

... [mentioned above] Charlotte was the grandmother of Queen Victoria, and whose son married the daughter of Frederick III of Hessen-Kassell.

Charlotte's brother was Charles II Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, whose daughter married the heir of the Prussian crown, Frederick William III.

Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick- Wolfenbuettel. She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.

Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.

Of Frederick William III and Louise' four children, three married the brothers and sisters of Csar Alexander I.
Frederick William III's daughter, Charlotte of Prussia, married Paul's son, Czar Nicholas I, who succeeded Alexander I, and who also belonged to the Order of the Garter.
Frederick's son Wilhelm I married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, the daughter of Nicholas' sister Maria Romanov.
A third child of Frederick, Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia, married Maria's Romanov other daughter, Marie Luisa Alexandrina von Saxe-Weimar.

The son of Csar Nicholas, Constantine Nicholaievitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia, fathered Olga Constantinovna Romanov, who married George I King of Greece. George was a member of the Order of the Garter, as was his father, Christian IX of Denmark. ...
Christian IX was, in the last years of his life, named Europe's 'father-in-law'. ... Christian's daughter, Maria Fyodorovna married Csar Nicholas III, father of Nicholas II who was killed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. Princess Alexandra married Queen Victoria's son, King Edward VII, the Grand Master of Freemasonry. ...".

The Order of the Garter - The Most Noble Order of the Garter, founded in 1348, is the highest order of chivalry; several supernumerary members, known as 'Royal Knights and Ladies of the Garter', belong to the royal family. These titles were introduced in 1786 by King George III; with the installation of Emperor Alexander I of Russia in 1813, supernumerary membership was extended to foreign monarchs, who are known as 'Stranger Knights and Ladies of the Garter'.


The forerunners of the Freemasons - the Knights Templar - founded the concept of banking.

According to former British intelligence agent John Coleman's book, 'The Committee of 300':

the Rothschilds exert political control through the secretive Business Roundtable, which they created in 1909 with the help of Lord Alfred Milner and South African industrialist Cecil Rhodes.

It was the plan known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers, and within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was Rhodes with Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner who was added to the society by Stead.

Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).

See: the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown - Breguet Company in 1870.

Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day. From 1891 to 1902, it was known to only a score of persons. Sir Edward Grey was a member of the Fabian Co-Efficients, who also belonged to the inner circle of the Rhodes' Round Table groups that were under the direction of Alfred Milner;

others members:
Haldane, L. S. Amery, Lord Robert Cecil, Lord Arthur Balfour, Michael Sadler and Lord Milner himself were among the Fabian Coefficients.
Coefficients included:
Bertrand Russell, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Leo Maxse (who advocated war with Germany already in 1902), Clinton Dawkins of the City, Carlyon Bellairs of the Navy, Pember Reeves, W. A. S. Hewins, H. J. Mackinder, Henry Newbolt, John Hugh Smith, J. Birchenough of the City, Garvin, Josiah Wedgwood, John Hugh Smith, Colonel Repington, F. S. Oliver, and C. F. G. Masterman.

David Laurence Aaron born 1938, in Chicago, is an American diplomat who served in the Jimmy Carter administration. He then joined the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency where he served as a member of the U.S. Delegation to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. In 1974, on the recommendation of Zbigniew Brzezinski, Aaron became Senator Walter Mondale's legislative assistant. In 1977, Aaron was asked by Zbigniew Brzezinski to become Deputy National Security Advisor in the administration of Jimmy Carter. In Israel, Aaron worked with Moshe Dayan.
When Reagan became President in 1981, Aaron moved into the private sector, becoming Vice President for Mergers and Acquisitions at Oppenheimer and Co. and Vice Chairman of Oppenheimer International.
Aaron was involved in the election campaign of Bill Clinton.

We back again to Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel and to George II King of England:

The Grand Master of the Asiatic Brethren, and leading member of the Illuminati, was Prince Karl, the brother of Wilhelm I of Hessen-Kassel.
Both were the sons of Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel, from his wife, Mary of Hanover, Princess of Great Britain, daughter of George II King of England, and therefore cousin to Frederick II the Great of Prussia.

"Give me control of a nation's money and I care not who makes it's laws" - Mayer Amschel Bauer Rothschild.

Mayer Amschel Rothschild / Anschel (b. 1743 or in 1744), was a German Jewish banker and the founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty.

Salomon Mayer - was the son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild / Mosche Meir, b. 1743 or 1744 in Frankfurt am Main, d. 1812 in Frankfurt am Main; Mayer Amschel Bauer, an Ashkenazi Jew, the son of Moses Amschel Bauer, a proprietor of a counting house.

In 1770, "Mayer Amschel Rothschild draws up plans for the creation of the Illuminati and entrusts ... Adam Weishaupt, ... with its organization and development...".

Mayer Amschel Rothschild marries Gutle Schnaper.
In 1773, was born Amschel Mayer Rothschild, the first of Mayer Amschel Rothschild's sons.
"...He like all his brothers who follow him, will enter the family business at the age of 12".
In 1774, [mentioned above] Salomon Mayer Rothschild was born.

In 1776, "Adam Weishaupt officially completes his organisation of the Illuminati on May 1 of this year. The purpose of the Illuminati is to ... fight amongst themselves; destroy national governments; destroy religious institutions... Weishaupt soon infiltrates the Continental Order of Freemasons with this Illuminati doctrine and establishes lodges of the Grand Orient to be their secret headquarters..."

"... It is Rothschild who said, 'give me control of a nation's money, and I care not who makes [writes] the laws."

"... On the other hand we have Alexander Hamilton [born in 1757 in Charlestown, Nevis, British West Indies; died in 1804 at the William Bayard's Home]; who some believe was a Rothschild agent.

Hamilton's mother [RACHEL born in 1729] was first married to Johann Michael Lavien [born ?] (a German Jewish merchant), from whom she separated in 1750; five years [or 7 years ?] before Hamilton's birth [he was born in 1757]. Because of this separation, she could not legally marry again with Hamilton's father, James A. [James Alexander Hamilton b. in 1718], therefore Hamilton was no allowed in the local Christian school. Instead, he had individual tutoring and classes in a private Jewish school. He became the first United States Secretary of the Treasury, Founding Father, economist, political philosopher, and chief of staff for George Washington. He was also the most influential members of Washington's Cabinet, and his financial expert. Hamilton was an advocated for the establishment of a federal bank to be owned by private interests, and for the creation of debt-money; for which he used false arguments to convince Washington. Eventually he convinced the President - despite the opposition of Thomas Jefferson (by then Secretary of State) - and a federal bank was created in 1791 with a 20 years charter. Although it was termed 'Bank of the United States', it was not owned by the nation (but by individual stockholders - private bankers). The name was purposely chosen to deceive the American population and to make them believe that they were the owners of the bank. The charter for the Bank ran out in 1811, and Congress voted against its renewal, thanks to the influence of Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson...".

Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War.
A close friend of George Washington,
mentioned Alexander Hamilton, and
named above Thomas Jefferson.

Lafayette was a key figure in the French Revolution of 1789 and the July Revolution of 1830. Lafayette returned to France, and in 1787 was appointed to the Assembly of Notables, which was convened in response to the fiscal crisis. He was elected a member of the Estates-General of 1789. He helped write the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, with Thomas Jefferson's assistance; inspired by the United States Declaration of Independence.

"... My conclusion on the connection between the Rothschilds and the American Revolution: it did exist through Alexander Hamilton (who could only push the agenda for the first 20 years of independence), and also quite possibly through Solomon and Franklin; though it made no difference at the end. It is true that the American Freemasons shared the same ideology that emerged from Jewish intellectuals in Germany and spread throughout secret societies; but I'm having a hard time relating the founding fathers directly to the Rothschilds, with the exception of Franklin, who obviously had his hands in far too many pies to count as a confirmed agent for any side...".

Alexander Hamilton
- Hamilton has also become a favorite for conspiracy theorists who think he was a tool for the New World Order, the Illuminati, and / or the Rothschild family, because of his support for a National Bank.

Hamilton, along with Benjamin Franklin, is one of the very few non-presidents to be portrayed on American money. Alexander Hamilton married into the Rothschild family December 14, 1780.
Alexander Hamilton was born Alexander Levine, of Jewish lineage, in St. Croix, the West Indies. After changing his name ... he married Elizabeth Schuyler

[Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton - her mother was Catherine Van Rensselaer Schuyler; Catherine's paternal great-grandfather was Hendrick van Rensselaer and her 2 x great-grandfather was Killian Van Rensselaer, one of the original founders of the Dutch colony, New Amsterdam. Her maternal grandparents were Robert Livingston the Younger (1663-1725) and Margarita Schuyler (b. 1682), the daughter of Pieter Schuyler (1657-1724), the first mayor of Albany]

... John Paul Mitchell insist that Hamilton married into the Rothschild family.
Here's what we actually know about Hamilton's in-laws:
the father, Philip Schuyler, was a General during the Revolutionary War, while the mother Catherine instituted a scorched earth policy to deprive the British of food.
Philip John Schuyler was a general of the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York. Come from the third generation of the Dutch family in America. His daughter Elizabeth married Alexander Hamilton who was the first Secretary of the Treasury to the United States under George Washington.

Rondinone said many of the Founding Fathers were conspiracy theorists. 'George Washington had references to The Illuminati in his writings', he said. 'And Thomas Jefferson wrote that King George III was systematically trying to enslave the American colonists. The Founders' talk about conspiracy theories actually helped muster support for the American Revolution.'
He said theories have abounded throughout American history. 'In the case of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, there actually is strong evidence of a conspiracy to overthrow the government,' Rondinone said.

Now on Thomas Dunckerley:

Thomas Dunckerley (1724 - 1795) was a Provincial Grand Master of several provinces, this was made possible by an annuity of L100, rising to L800, which he obtained in 1767 from King George III by claiming to be his illegitimate half brother - the Prince of Wales, later King George II, was Thomas' natural father.

At this time, in 1751 Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund und Altengrotkau began the Order of Strict Observance [with the superior, Prince Charles Edward Stuart], which came from the reconstituted Templar Order in 1743 in Paris.
The first body of Knights Templar in Ireland was "The High Knight Templars of Ireland, Kilwinning Lodge" with Archibald, the 11th Earl of Eglinton, the Grand Master of Lodge Mother Kilwinning in 1779 in Dublin.
In 1736, the Grand Lodge of Scotland was organised and the Kilwinning lodge was one of its constituent lodges; this one acted as a grand lodge, organising lodges in Scotland and on the continent, as well as in Virginia and Ireland.
Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton b. 1726 - died in 1796, was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Mother Kilwinning, from 1771 until 1796.

"Lodge Mother Kilwinning is a Masonic Lodge in Kilwinning, Scotland, under the auspices of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. ... is reputed to be the oldest Lodge not only in Scotland, but the world".
Above Montgomerie was elected as one of sixteen Scottish representative peers, in 1776; was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in 1782. Montgomerie died at Eglinton Castle, a mansion in Kilwinning, North Ayrshire, Scotland. Ca 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836 [in 1805 as the "Edinburgh Encampment No. 31", then became the"Grand Assembly of Knights Templar in Edinburgh"].

The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780.

In 1791 - the formation of TEMPLAR's first Grand Conclave, with Thomas Dunckerley as Grand Master.

In 1805 their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent [Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus], became TEMPLAR Grand Master himself.

The modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna].

In 1813 Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, became Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and in December 1813 - named Prince Edward [Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus] became Grand Master of the Antient Grand Lodge of England.
Mentioned above the Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus, b. 1767, died in 1820, was the fifth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and the father of Queen Victoria!

Baron von Estorff advised the Landgrave that Mayer Amschel showed an exceptional ability to increase wealth through his investments. Mayer Amschel arranged to hire 16800 Hessian soldiers to assist the nephew of Federick's wife, King George III of England, in suppressing the American Rebellion. When Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel died in 1785, Rothschild obtained total influence over his successor, Karl's brother Elector Wilhelm IX, who he managed to make one of the wealthiest monarchs of his time.

In 1769, Mayer Amschel Rothschild had become an agent for the Hessen-Kassel court:
[but Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel died in 1785]
for Prince William IX of Hesse - Kassel
(Prince WILHELM IX / William IX was the grandson of George II, and also a cousin to George III, who was a nephew to the King of Denmark and also a brother in law to the King of Sweden).
Prince William handed his wealth to be managed by the Rothschilds.

Wilhelm X Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim married Louise Charlotte von Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim (born of Denmark-Oldenburg). They had a son
Friedrich Wilhem II von Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim born 1820.
Friedrich married Alexandra Nicholaievna von Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim (born of Russia-Holstein-Gottorp- Romanov).
Alexandra was born on June 12, 1825.
Mentioned above
Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (1825 - 1844) was the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia. She was a younger sister of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.
Above
Alexandra Feodorovna, born Princess Charlotte of Prussia (1798 - 1860), was Empress consort of Russia. She was the wife of Emperor Nicholas I, and mother of Emperor Alexander II.
Charlotte was born the eldest surviving daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia, and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
In 1814, her marriage was arranged for political reason with Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich of Russia, the future Tsar Nicholas I.
Mentioned
Frederick William III / Friedrich Wilhelm III (1770 - 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. His parents:
Frederick William II of Prussia + Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Above named
Frederick William II / Friedrich Wilhelm II, b. 1744, was King of Prussia from 1786. His father Prince Augustus William of Prussia, August Wilhelm, b. 1722, was Prince of Prussia and
a younger brother of Frederick II.
Augustus was the second surviving son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.

Above
Frederick II / Friedrich; b. 1712, was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786.

We back to
Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia b. 1825, the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas I, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia.
Mentioned
Nicholas I b. 1796, was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. He was also the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland.

His parents:
Paul I of Russia + Sophie Dorothea of Wurttemberg / Maria Feodorovna, Duchess Sophie Dorothea of Wurttemberg; b. 1759, the second wife of Tsar Paul I.
Her father Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg. Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732, Stuttgart; the son of Duke Karl Alexander, Duke of Wurttemberg and Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.
Parents of named PAWEL I:
Peter III + Catherine II.

Named
Wilhelm X Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim that is Prince William of Hesse-Kassel, b. 1787, the first son of Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen.

Above
Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel b. 1747, a Danish general.
He was born as the youngest son of Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel / Landgrave Frederick II, and Princess Mary of Great Britain, he was the last surviving grandchild of George II of Great Britain, dying one month before Queen Victoria (granddaughter of his first cousin King George III) ascended to the throne.
Mentioned
Frederick II / Landgraf Friedrich II von Hessen-Kassel, b. 1720, was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) from 1760 to 1785.
He raised money by renting soldiers to Great Britain to help fight the American Revolutionary War, he combined Enlightenment ideas with Christian values.


The Illuminati Order and the Dukes of Wurttemberg family - the line to the Konstantynowiczs:

A.

"... Madame Le Maire d'Attigny followed the advice of the Oracle, as she did indeed leave St. Petersburg, where, according to Grabianka's testimony, in 1788 she had been employed as a governess in various families. In November 1789, a Swedish nobleman, Gustaf Reuterholm, noted that d'Attigny had made her way to Avignon from Petersburg and had been initiated.

... Madame d'Attigny, as she was one of the leaders of the sect [ILLUMINATI] who came to reside in St. Petersburg prior to Grabianka's arrival in the city. It was precisely at the time that the Oracle began making ominous prophecies about the fate of Russia that the society in Avignon initiated its first Russian:

Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802).

Pleshcheev's arrival in Avignon in the autumn of 1788 marked the culmination of something of an odyssey through France and Switzerland in which he sought out the foremost Illuminist sages of the era:

Saint-Martin in Strasbourg [compare de ROHAN !],

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730-1824) in Lyon, and

Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) in Zurich, among others.

Pleshcheev, an officer in the Russian navy and a Freemason since at least 1776, was a close confidante of Grand Duke Paul and had helped plan for, and escorted the Russian heir on, his Grand Tour of Europe in 1781-1782.

Moreover, he journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg (1736-1798), who was herself initiated into the society [ILLUMINATI].

On November 4, 1788, Richardiere asked the Oracle whether Pleshcheev could joint heir union. The Oracle replied affirmatively. Consequently, Pleshcheev underwent an extraordinary nine-day initiation ... referred to as Mont Thabor - near Avignon. On the first day, Pleshcheev and members of the society ascended to the summit of the hill. ...

Amazingly, the written records of a conversation between Emperor Paul and Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1732- 1798), the last Polish king, which took place on September 15, 1797, suggest that Pleshcheev had indeed revealed a great deal about the New Israel Society to the Russian heir-apparent.

Paul describes in highly favorable terms to Poniatowski how he heard of the 'Avignon brotherhood' about 'eight years ago' and that 'they live very devoutly'...".

B.
Above
Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg (1736-1798).

C.

In the circle of the King of New Israel [ie. Tadeusz Grabianka],
was
the daughter of Izabela Czartoryska (1746-1835) - ie. Maria Czartoryska Wurttemberg (1768-1854) with
her husband, Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg (1756 in Trzebiatow - 1817);
and
D.
Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg
(1736-1798; the daughter of Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia b. 1719);
Friederike married Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732.

General Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg serving with Frederick the Great during the Seven Years' War. Frederick Eugene married Friederike Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, a niece of Frederick the Great, by whom he had twelve children:
1.
Sophie Dorothea (1759 - 1828), married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia;
2.
and Friederike Elisabeth Amalie (1765 - 1785), married to Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.

Peter OLDENBURG and Frederica became the parents of two sons:
August (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784), ie.
Paul Friedrich August, Grand Duke of Oldenburg; and
Duke Georg Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg.

GEORG OLDENBURG married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia.

E.

Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg was herself initiated into the [Illuminati] society.

F.

Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891), the sixth child of Emperor Nicholas I - married Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929) was the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).
His father was the sixth child to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798 - 1860).

Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

His maternal grandfather was a son of Duke George of Oldenburg [see above !] and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia,
daughter of Paul I of Russia and Maria Fedorovna of Wurttemberg.

G.

Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg born on 30 August 1756 in Trzebiatow / Treptow an der Rega.

He was the son of
Friedrich II Eugen von Wurttemberg born in 1732 in Stuttgart, and Friederike Dorothea von Brandenburg-Schwedt, born in 1736, d. 1798 - the ILLUMINATI.

H.
We back to

Peter OLDENBURG and his wife Frederica; they became the parents of two sons:
August (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784), ie.
Paul Friedrich August, Grand Duke of Oldenburg; and
Duke Georg Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg.

GEORG OLDENBURG married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia. GEORG's son was

Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg (1812 in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire - 1881 in St. Petersburg)
was a Duke of the House of Oldenburg. "[copyright by Wikipedia] He was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. His great-great grandson, Nicholas Romanov, was the President of the Romanov Family Association until his death in 2014".

KONSTANTIN's daughter -

Alexandra of Oldenburg (1838, St. Petersburg - 1900 Kiev, Ukraine), m. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831-1891).

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929) was the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).
His father was the sixth child to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798 - 1860).
Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Konstantin's son -

Constantin of Oldenburg (1850, St. Petersburg - 1906 in Nice, France), married AGRAFINA JAPARIDSE / Agrafena Djaparidze, created Countess von Zarnekau.
See: Japaridse - Saparov - Armand - Konstantynowicz - Paszkowski home in Moscow.

I.

In 1806 Charles Stuart served Duke Alexander of Wurttemberg, who was the Governor of BELARUS - Minsk province
{born 1771 in Gotha;

his sister Sophie Dorothea married Tsar Paul I of Russia.

In 1811 he was appointed Military Governor of Belarus}!

In Saint Petersburg, in 1811, STUART was offered the hand of an heiress, Marianna Hurko, but made the mistake of falling in love with her sister, EWELINA HURKO-ROMEYKO / Evelina HURKO. He fled Russia, sailing from Kronstadt and arriving in London by November 1811, and to the United States in Philadelphia until 1814.

Nicholas I b. 1796, was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. He was also the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland.
His parents:
Paul I of Russia + Sophie Dorothea of Wurttemberg / Maria Feodorovna, Duchess Sophie Dorothea of Wurttemberg; b. 1759, the second wife of Tsar Paul I.
Her father
Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg. Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732, Stuttgart;
the son of Duke Karl Alexander, Duke of Wurttemberg and Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.

Parents of named PAWEL I: Peter III + Catherine II.

J.

Lieutenant Colonel of the Russian Army (1800, promoted in 1803; until 1806), Charles Edward Augustus Maximilian Stuart, Baron Korff
(Florence in Nov 1814 - 'Up to about this time the signature is likely to be "A. M. Korff" or "Korff Roehenstart." Later he shifts usually towards "Charles Edward Stuart, Baron Korff, Count Roehenstart".'),
Count Roehenstart b. ca May 1784 in PARIS, and died in October 1854 in Dunkeld near to PERTH, in SCOTLAND, was the natural son of
Prince Ferdinand of Rohan.

Colonel Charles 2nd m. Louisa Constance Smith, Countess of Roehanstart come from Kidlington in Oxfordshire.

Count di Cagliostro wanted to reform the Freemason movement.
In 1777 he was sent to prison for a short time; from London in 1778, went to the Netherlands,
came to Paris in 1778. He found there a patron - Cardinal Louis de Rohan.

Louis Rene de ROHAN born in 1734; Archbishop of Strasbourg, his parents were Hercule Meriadec, Prince of Guemene and Louise Gabrielle Julie de Rohan.
He was born in Paris.

Grandparents: Charles de Rohan, 5th Duc de Montbazon + Charlotte Elisabeth de Cochefilet.

Hercules MERIADEC b. in 1688, had also a son Ferdinand de Rohan, Archbishop of Cambrai (1738 - 1813), who had illegitimate children with
Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany, illegitimate daughter of the English pretender, Charles Edward Stuart and Clementina Walkinshaw.

CHARLES in 1803 was invested with a Russian banker named Sofniev his fortune, one hundred thousand roubles. In 1806 Charles Stuart served
Duke Alexander of Wurttemberg, who was the Governor of BELARUS - Minsk province.
Alexander born 1771 in Gotha; his sister Sophie Dorothea married Tsar Paul I of Russia, and in 1811 he was appointed Military Governor of Belarus.

In Saint Petersburg, in 1811, Charles Stuart was offered the hand of an heiress, Marianna Hurko, but made the mistake of falling in love with her sister, Evelina HURKO.

K.
Mentioned
Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg born on 30 August 1756 in Trzebiatow / Treptow an der Rega. He was the son of
Friedrich II Eugen von Wurttemberg born in 1732 in Stuttgart; and Friederike Dorothea von Brandenburg-Schwedt, born in 1736, d. 1798 - the ILLUMINATI.

Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg. Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732, Stuttgart; the son of Duke Karl Alexander, Duke of Wurttemberg and Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.


Ferdinand VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, the Prince of Brunswick-Lunebourg and the TEMPLARS:

Ferdinand VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL,
the General of Prussia, 1758 - 1766 Field Marshal,
Freemason (1777), Grand Master of the Strict Observance [Templar] (1777).
"...The system of the Strict Observance grew out of what is known as Templarism. Templar Masonry commenced to grow up in France soon after true Freemasonry was introduced. This was about 1725. However, no Grand Lodge was established till 1752. The Strict Observance as a separate system was formed Germany and dates from about 1748. It was produced by a process of evolution ..."
- by Burton E. Bennett.

Ferdinand VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, the Prince of Brunswick-Lunebourg was the member of the Knight of the Garter {Illuminati} (1783)
- the Knights of the Order of the Garter are the leaders of the Illuminati. The Pilgrim Society and the Order of the Garter (or "Knights of the Garter") are the controlling inner-parts of the Military Order of Malta ("Knights of Malta"). The word "Garter" can be seen as another term for "secret".

Daniel Lazar wrote:
One reference stated, "The Society of the Cincinnati" in 1783, it is likely that no Englishman feels a greater sense of pride in being a Knight of the Garter, or Scotsman, a Knight of the Thistle, than an American feels in being a member of The Society of the Cincinnati.
The Order of the Garter is the secret inner group which is an elite group within the Order of St. John of Jerusalem which is the British part of the Knights of Malta. The Knights of the Garter are the leaders of the Committee of 300.

Ferdinand VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, the Prince of Brunswick-Lunebourg, born in 1721, died in 1792.
His children:

Karl I VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, Duke;

Elisabeth Christine VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, 1715-1797, married to Friedrich II Der Grose / Frederick the Great, of Prussia, King, 1712-1786;

Juliane VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, 1729-1796, married to Frederik V the DANMARK, the King, 1723-1766

{Frederick V, Danish and Norwegian, b. 1723, "was king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from 1746; The Norwegian Masonic historian Karl Ludvig Bugge claims that Frederik V as crown prince was included in the
Copenhagen Masonic Lodge St. Martin in 1744, and inspired by the Prussian king Frederick the Great who was also included in a masonic lodge in his youth. They both had fathers who were violently opposed to the Masons,
but unlike the Prussian king, Frederik V never published his membership of the lodge". As an active Freemason, he set up in 1749 the first Masonic lodge in Norway}.

Named Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg b. 1721,
in 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army which repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover.
He was a freemason, initiated in 1740 into the Lodge of The Three Globes in Berlin, and received the degree of Master Mason in 1743 at Breslau [see BYSTRZANOWSKI].

In 1738, the future Frederick the Great, then Crown Prince, was initiated as a Freemason in Brunswick;
"... he invited Baron von Oberg and the writer Jakob Friedrich von Bielfeld, who were instrumental to his candidature, to form La loge premiere / La loge du Roi notre grand maitre at Rheinsberg Castle, with Oberg as Master. He led the lodge himself from 1740. The foundation of the Grand Lodge - 1740, when, with the King's permission, the lodge Aux Trois Globes was formed under the auspices of Charles-Etienne Jordan.
A new lodge created in Meiningen, Frankfurt an der Oder, Wroclaw, Dresden and Neuchatel.
In 1744 they therefore took the name Great Royal Mother Lodge of the Three Globes.

"... In 1767 the Mother Lodge "The Three Globes" became submerged in the Rite of Strict Observance as L'union, but withdrew in 1778. After the Williamsbad Congress of 1782/3, which ended Strict Observance, they declared independence and adopted the "Rectified System"...".

Mentioned
Charles-Etienne Jordan b. 1700 in Berlin, was a Prussian-born Huguenot refugee, advisor to Frederick the Great;
he visited France, England and the Netherlands.

"At the Rheinsberg Castle he was the member of a radical intellectual circle including general Heinrich August de la Motte Fouque. Jordan was an avid collector of banned radical and "Socinian" books...".

And above Ernst Heinrich August de la Motte Fouque, b. 1698, was a Prussian Lieutenant general and a confidante of King Frederick the Great. Born in The Hague to an old Norman family, befriended Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia, visiting him while the crown prince restricted to Kostrin.

Above
Rite of Strict Observance as L'union - a Rite of Freemasonry,
a Masonic body of the 18th century.
Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund (1722-1776) introduced a new "Scottish" Rite to Germany, which he renamed "Rectified Masonry" and, after 1764, the "Strict Observance", while referring to the English system of Freemasonry as the "Late Observance."
"Despite its initial popularity, growing dissatisfaction among members over the failure to being initiated into the mysteries of the Unknown Superiors led to the Convent of Wilhelmsbad in 1782.
The delegates there renounced their Templar origins...".
Willermoz also claimed to receive instruction from "unknown superiors".
The Illuminati took over Freemasonry in 1782 at the Congress.
This invisible leader was said to have possibly been Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender. This was the same man whom Ramsey had tried to tutor some year prior.

"...The first meeting convened on the October 25th, 1764, for the purpose of convincing the Lodges under the Strict Observance system to recognize Johnson in the officer of Superior. At the second meeting held in 1765, Baron von Hund was invited to attend who had supported Johnson, but, upon discovery that he was a fraud, had him arrested and jailed where he died on May 13th, 1775. The third convention was held in Altenburg, near Jena, in 1768 where Baron von Hund was proclaimed as the Grand Master of all the Strict Observance Lodges {by Barry Newell}."

Mentioned above
Karl Gotthelf, Baron von Hund und Altengrotkau b. 1722, Unwurde, a German freemason; in 1751, he founded the Rite of Strict Observance. Von Hund came from Silesia,
descended from Henry von Hund und Altengrotkau, whose son was Commander of the Order of Malta in Glatz, ca 1523 [see SULKOWSKI].
In 1741 Hund was at the coronation of Charles VII of BAVARIA, in Frankfurt, where he was admitted to the Masonic brotherhood. 1742 / 1743 he was in Paris, and there converted to Catholicism. In 1743, he became Master of a lodge.

He claimed that it was in Paris in 1743 that he was initiated, by Scottish knights, into the Order of the Knights Templar, and was the introduced to the pretender to the British throne, Prince Charles Edward Stuart as the Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
Present were the Earl of Kilmarnock and other senior Jacobites. He was initiated by the "Knight of the Red Feather, whose identity he was pledged to conceal, but he may have tried to hint that it was Charles Edward Stuart".
Hund claimed to have been appointed by these "unknown superiors" of the Templars as "commander in chief" of the Order of Province VII (Germany) of the TEMPLARS.
"Hund's relationship to the alleged French Templar Order is unclear, and his surviving diary entries give little information".

Above
Charles VII b. 1697, died in 1745, the prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor in 1742.
Mentioned Charles VII / Charles Albert was born in Brussels, the son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, and Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska, the daughter of King John III Sobieski of Poland.
Theresa Kunegunda / Teresa Kunegunda Sobieska, b. 1676, a Polish princess, an Electress of Bavaria and of the Electorate of the Palatinate; Regent of the Palatinate in 1704-1705. The daughter of the Polish King John III Sobieski and Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien.
Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska was also the mother to Clemens August of Bavaria, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne.
Her son
Johann Theodor of Bavaria b. 1703, was a cardinal, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Freising, and of Liege. "He was said to have had affairs with several women despite his clerical status and was liked by the inhabitants of the bishopric".

The parents of above Ferdinand of BRUNSWICK:

Ferdinand Albrecht II VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, 1680-1735 + Antoinette Amalie VON BRAUNSCHWEIG-WOLFENBUTTEL, 1696-1762.


Note to MARTINIQUE:

The Society of the Cincinnati is a hereditary society with branches in the United States and France, founded in 1783. Top members:
Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Hamilton,
George Washington was elected the first President General of the Society in December 1783.
The third President General of the Society was Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.

King Louis XVI ordained the French Society of the Cincinnati, which was organized on July 4, 1784.

A supporter of independence from Britain, Pinckney served in the American Revolutionary War, rising to the rank of brigadier general.


Henry Home, Lord Kames and Agatha Drummond - SOBIESKI and Cochrane:

Above
Agatha Drummond, 1711 - 1795, the daughter of James Drummond, Laird of Blair-Drummond and Jean Carre. Wife of Henry Home, Lord Kames. Mother of George Drummond-Home, Laird of Blair-Drummond

{GEORGE, 1740 - 1819, son of Henry Home, Lord Kames and Agatha Drummond. Married Janet Jardine

(Janet / Jardine Home Drummond, 1762 - 1840, the daughter of John Jardine, Min. of Tron, Edinburgh - John Jardine, born 1715, son of Robert JARDINE; lived in Lochmaben in 1736; Dean of the Chapel Royal 1761; he known David Hume the philosopher; JOHN married in 1744, to Jean (died 1766), eldest daughter of George Drummond, commissioner of Excise, and Lord Provost of Edinburgh)

with son:
Henry Drummond-Home (born in 1783 in Perthshire, Scotland. He had a son George Stirling Home Drummond b. 1813, Edinburgh)}

and Jean Home [more below !].
Sister of George Drummond, Laird of Blair-Drummond born in 1705.

Mentioned
Jean Home born ca. 1745 / Jean Heron, the daughter of Henry Home, Lord Kames and Agatha Drummond. Married (1761) to Patrick Heron; divorced in 1772; she was exiled to France by her parents; In 1782, Boswell had a long conversation with Lady Kames about Jean. JEAN was sent to France accompanied by a teacher of french, Alexander Drummond who was going there with a daughter.
James Boswell had affair with Jean in 1761 - 1762 at Kirroughtrie.

Above PATRICK HERON:
born ca. 1736, died 1803. Patrick Heron of Heron and Kirroughtrie, was the son of Patrick Heron (d. 1761) and Margaret, daughter of John Mackie of Palgoun.
Married (1761) to Jean Home, daughter of Henry Home, Lord Kames. They divorced in 1772 following Jean's adulterous affair with a young officer.
Re-married (1775) to Elizabeth Cochrane (1745-1811), a cousin of James Boswell

{Elizabeth Cochrane (1745-1811), the daughter of the 8th Earl of Dundonald. She married Patrick Heron. She was the composer of an air, 'The Banks of Cree'. Above
8th Earl of Dundonald, Thomas Cochrane, 1691 - 1778, was a Scottish nobleman, army officer and politician.
He was Member of Parliament for Renfrewshire. His cousin, William Cochrane, 7th Earl.
Thomas was born in 1691, the seventh son of William Cochrane of Ochiltree, and his wife Lady Mary Bruce, eldest daughter of Alexander Bruce, 2nd Earl of Kincardine.
We back to
John Dundas Cochrane, d. 1825:
Captain John Dundas Cochrane (1793 - 1825) was a Scottish officer in the Royal Navy, traveller and explorer.
An illegitimate son of Scottish adventurer Andrew Cochrane-Johnstone.

Andrew James Cochrane-Johnstone b. 1767, a Scottish soldier, politician and adventurer; was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The youngest son of above Thomas Cochrane, 8th Earl of Dundonald b. 1691, from Jane Stuart b. 1722;
in 1793, ANDREW married Georgiana Hope-Johnstone, a daughter of James Hope-Johnstone, 3rd Earl of Hopetoun.
Note:
John Cochrane was in 1822 in Irkutsk.

Above Andrew Cochrane-Johnstone and his brother the Admiral Alexander Cochrane in the West Indies; servant of Prince Alexander Labanov in Russia.

Charles Stuart Cochrane b. 1796, son of above Alexander Cochrane, career in the Royal Navy, 1823 in Gran Colombia, the firm of Rundell, Bridge & Rundell, for exploitation of the pearl fisheries in Gran Colombia; 1830 in France; next in Glasgow.

After the death of John Cochrane in 1825, Ksenia Cochrane remained in Great Britain to London to John's Cochrane sister Eliza until 1827; next in Petersburg in 1827; here she met the famous Arctic explorer,
Pyotr Anjou (b.1796 / 1797), and married him in St Petersburg;
Ksenia Anjou had six children: Ludmila, Pyotr Anjou a naval man, Fedor, Ivan, Aleksandra, and Elisaveta in St Petersburg and Oranienbaum.
Pyotr Anjou / Pyotr Fyodorovich Anjou, was an Arctic explorer and an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. Pyotr Anjou / Piotr Fyodorovich Anjou b. 1796 or 1797 in Vyshny Volochyok, near Tver.
See below on COCHRANE !}.

Patrick Heron of Heron and Kirroughtrie was the co-founder, with Archibald Douglas, of the Ayr bank Douglas, Heron & Company which went bankrupt in 1773.
In 1793 he was elected MP for the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. He was inherited by his only surviving child, Mary (d. 1856), and son-in-law Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell (d. 1830), 4th Bart of Nova Scotia, who assumed the surname and arms of Heron.

Above
Kirroughtree - close to Newton Stewart; south-west SCOTLAND - west to CASTLE DOUGLAS.

Named above
Lieutenant General Sir John Shaw Stewart Heron-Maxwell, 4th Baronet (1772 - 1830), known as John Maxwell until 1803, was a Scottish officer in the British Army and a politician. He was the 4th son of Sir William Maxwell, 3rd Baronet, of Springkell in Dumfriesshire. His mother Margaret was the daughter of Sir Michael Stewart, 3rd Baronet, of Blackhall, Renfrewshire. Lieutenant general in 1819.
In 1802 he married Mary Heron, the only surviving child of Patrick Heron, a founder of the Ayr Bank and MP for Kirkcudbright Stewartry.
When her father died in 1803, she inherited his estates, and John changed his name to Heron-Maxwell.

Mentioned above
Douglas, Heron & Company, also known as the Ayr Bank, was a Scottish bank with its head office at Ayr. It opened in November 1769 and folded in 1772.

There were 131 original partners, including Patrick Heron of Kirroughtree, the Earl of Dumfries, the Earl of March, and Sir Adam Fergusson of Kilkerran; the Duke of Buccleuch, the Duke of Queensberry, and Archibald Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas.

Above
Archibald James Edward Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas b. 1748, a Scottish politician. He was born Archibald James Edward Stewart, in Paris [at the house of Madame Le Brun in Faubourg Saint-Germain], the son of Sir John Stewart, 3rd Baronet b. 1687, and Lady Jane Douglas, daughter of James Douglas, 2nd Marquess of Douglas. Lady Jane Douglas was the sister of Duke of Douglas.
Lady Jane was 47 when she married the 60-year-old Colonel Sir John Stewart.

Named
James Douglas, 2nd Marquess of Douglas b. ca 1646, was the son of Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus and 1st Earl of Ormonde, and Lady Anne Stuart. James, second marquis of Douglas, born in 1646, succeeded his grandfather in 1660, and was a privy councillor to Kings Charles II and James VII

{James II and VII b. 1633, was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII.
He was the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The second surviving son of Charles I, he ascended the throne upon the death of his brother, Charles II.

James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales b. 1688, nicknamed the Old Pretender, was the son of King James II and VII of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his second wife, Mary of Modena. In 1719, James Francis Edward Stuart married at the chapel of the Episcopal Palace in Montefiascone, near Viterbo, to
Maria Clementina Sobieska (1702-1735), the daughter of Jakub Sobieski, the granddaughter of King John III Sobieski of Poland.
He had two sons:
1. Charles Edward Stuart b. 1720, nicknamed "Bonnie Prince Charlie";
2. Henry Benedict Stuart b. 1725, a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church}.

His [James Douglas, 2nd Marquess of Douglas] first marriage was in 1670 to the Lady Barbara Erskine, daughter of John Erskine, 21st Earl of Mar and Jean Mackenzie. He later married Mary Kerr, daughter of Robert Kerr, 1st Marquess of Lothian and Lady Jean Campbell.
Robert Kerr, 1st Marquess of Lothian, b. 1636, known as the 4th Earl of Lothian from 1675 to 1701.

More on AYR BANK:

Margaret Campbell - born 1729 ARL, SCT [Inver, Scotland]; died 1790; father Colin CAMPBELL, mother Martha MCILVOIRE.

Cardross, 37 km north-west to GLASGOW;
Cardross, Dumbartonshire, Scotland - Dunbartonshire or the County of Dumbarton is a historic county, lieutenancy area and registration county in the west central Lowlands of Scotland lying to the north of the River Clyde.

Above named INVER and the CAMPBELL clan:
George Arbuthnot's father was a businessman (Aberdeen) who died shortly after being ruined in the Ayr Bank crash of 1772;
George Arbuthnot secured a post as Chief Secretary to the Governor of Ceylon, and founded the Arbuthnot Bank in Madras (1810); 1810 he married Eliza Fraser, daughter of an Inverness solicitor who was staying with her uncle in Madras.
They returned to Britain in 1823, purchased an estate in Surrey, and visited Rome.

Note:
HERON, Patrick (born ca 1672 - died in 1761), of Heron, Kirroughtrie, Kirkcudbright. the son of Andrew Heron of Kirroughtrie by Jean, daughter of John Dunbar of Machermore. PATRICK married 3rd in 1721, Isabel, daughter of Neilson of Dumfries, merchant, widowed after Thomas Maxwell of Cuil, Buittle, Kirkcudbright.

COCHRANE:

John Dandes Cochrane / John Dundas Cochrane / Cochran, British explorer, Captain of the Royal Navy, b. 1793 - d. 08/12/1825. In 1820 journey across Siberia, which went to Kamchatka and back;
from Ekaterinburg he went to Tobolsk and Omsk, Semipalatinsk, Ust-Kamenogorsk and to the Chinese border, Zmeinogorsk, Kolivan and Barnaul and Tomsk and Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, to Yakutsk, then Verkhoyansk, and Lower Kolyma and the Upper Kolyma and Oymekon to Okhotsk, crossed to Kamchatka to Petropavlovsk; a year in Kamchatka, he moved to Okhotsk, to Yakutsk and the Lena up in Irkutsk, Nercinsk and Tsuruhaytu on the Chinese border, Kiakhta, Irkutsk

(John Dundas Cochrane / John Cochrane was in 1822 in Irkutsk or 1823),

Tomsk, Omsk, Tobolsk, the Urals. John Cochran, at journey from St. Petersburg across Siberia to Kamchatka, married in 1822 to the Siberian girl and returned to England and published an interesting book about his journey in Philadelphia (1824) and Edinburgh (1824), Weimar, 1825, Jena, 1825, Vienna, 1826.

Kotchoubey suspected him of being a spy, in a letter to Speranskii in 1872;

Cochran is called "the British fleet service captain" and 'Englishman Cochran took foot journey across Siberia'; and returned to England, acc. to "Complete Poems", Khvostova, 1829, p. 219. Death of John Cochrane in 1825, Ksenia Cochrane remained in Great Britain in London with John's Cochrane sister Eliza until 1827; next in Petersburg in 1827.

Note:

James Holman met Captain Rikord in the city of Kazan.

Captain John Dundas Cochrane, d. 1825, was a Scottish naval officer, son of Scottish adventurer Andrew Cochrane-Johnstone; he was a
cousin of Admiral Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, and
nephew of Admiral Sir Alexander Forrester Inglis Cochrane.

"Cochrane married Ksenia Ivanovna Loginova (1807-1870) in 1822; she was an adoptive daughter of Admiral Pyotr Rikord, the Russian governor of Kamchatka. As a widow, she married Pyotr Anjou, an Arctic explorer and Russian admiral", by Wikipedia. John Dundas Cochrane died in 1825 in Valencia, Colombia. Above mentioned

Andrew James Cochrane-Johnstone b. 1767, a Scottish soldier, politician and adventurer; was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The youngest son of Thomas Cochrane, 8th Earl of Dundonald b. 1691, from Jane Stuart b. 1722;
1793 he married Georgiana Hope-Johnstone, a daughter of James Hope-Johnstone, 3rd Earl of Hopetoun;
had one daughter.
1797 was promoted to Colonel and then made Governor of Dominica; next he had married Amelia Constance Gertrude Etienette, a widow and the only child of a French governor of Guadeloupe, in 1803. Above named

Thomas Cochrane, 8th Earl of Dundonald b. 1691, a Scottish nobleman, army officer and politician.
Thomas was born in 1691, the seventh son of William Cochrane of Ochiltree, and Lady Mary Bruce, eldest daughter of Alexander Bruce, 2nd Earl of Kincardine, by Wikipedia.


Marseille and the Anjou family - Avignone and the Illuminati Order:

A.
Branch from Jean VENTURE d. 1660, Consul de Marseille in 1637;
his son Charles de VENTURE sieur de PARADIS;
grandson Jean Michel de VENTURE b. 1701 in Marseille;
great-grandsons Jean Joseph de VENTURE
and Jean Michel de VENTURE de PARADIS born 1739 Marseille
- his children:
1.
Unknown by name de VENTURE de PARADIS married to Jozef Sulkowski / Joseph SULKOWSKI born in 1770 in the Poznan province in Poland - died in 1798 in Cairo / Kair / Caire, Egypt:
the friend and aide de camp to Bonaparte,
friend with Muiron, Vivant Denon, Carnot, Augereau, and Bourienne.
And 2.
Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to
a. Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI / Piotr Maleszewski with children
Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and
Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;
b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858.

Jean-Michel Venture de Paradis in 1764, as interpreter in Sidon,
and in 1770 in Cairo, until 1776, making a number of services to politics and commerce of France.
Digeon Victoria (next of kin ? with Alexander Elisabeth Michel vicomte Digeon / Alexandre Elisabeth Michel Digeon, Major General, b. on June 26, 1771 in Paris, died on August 2, 1826 in the village of Ronqueux, annexed in 1834 to Bullion, near Paris)
had two daughters.

Jean-Michel Venture de Paradis returning to France to report to Cabinet on the art of Egypt, had to leave for Marseilles, to acc