COPYRIGHT BY BOGDAN KONSTANTYNOWICZ

November 11th, 2015 / January 2019.

Encyclopedia: Jean FRANCOIS Mortier b. ca 1735, acted together with Prince de ROHAN GUEMENE of CAMBRAI in La Collegiale de St Theodard a THUIN - Ferdinand de Rohan, Archbishop of Bordeaux and of Cambrai; b. 1738, d. 1813: he was the son of Hercule Meriadec de Rohan, prince de Guemene and Louise-Gabrielle Julie de Rohan; brother of cardinal de Rohan, and Jules, prince de Guemene. Louis Rene de ROHAN born in 1734; Archbishop of Strasbourg, his parents were Hercule Meriadec, Prince of Guemene and Louise Gabrielle Julie de Rohan. He was born in Paris. Hercules MERIADEC had also above named son Ferdinand de Rohan, Archbishop of Cambrai (1738 - 1813), who had illegitimate children with Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany, illegitimate daughter of the English pretender: Charles Edward Stuart [note - Charlotte was the daughter of Charles III Prince Charlie STUART, Duke of Albany, born in 1720 - Rome, and Clementina, Css of Aberstroff, WALKINSHAW].

Encyclopedia:

Illuminati and Leopold Kronenberg of Wieniec - Brzezie, and Ludwik Krasinski of Krasne close to Przasnysz. Kamieniec Podolski in Podolia - the Malta Order, and Carsten Niebuhr in 1767. The Russian conspiracy intelligence network after 1721 - globalism and globalization after 1961.

Emperor Napoleon would descend from James de Rohan-Stuardo / Rohan - Stuart, the natural (legitimate) son of the English king Charles II, with his mistress, Marguerite, duchess of Rohan. Charles II had 14 children, of his illegitimate ties with several lovers. Charles II (1630 - 1685) with Marguerite de Rohan (1617 - 1684) met when the English King arrived in France in 1649. Napoleon's grandfather would have been the grandson of James de Rohan - Stuardo, the son of English King Charles II. In 1647, Charles Stuart, the future King Charles II of England, had a son, Prince Enrico de Boveria Rohan-Stuardo / Rohan Stuart. He died in Naples in 1669, but his widow gave birth to a post-son, Prince Giacomo Stuardo of Naples. Giacomo lived for a long time in Germany and Italy, and in 1722 he had a son, prince Joseph Stuart of Roehenstart, who fought alongside Bonnie Prince Charlie during the rebellion of 1745. Joseph Stuart had himself a son named Prince Eduard Maximilian de Roehenstart, also known as Dr. Ferdinand Smith-Stuart.

Encyclopedia: In 1806 Charles Stuart served Duke Alexander of Wurttemberg, who was the Governor of BELARUS - Minsk province {born 1771 in Gotha; his sister Sophie Dorothea married Tsar Paul I of Russia. In 1811 he was appointed Military Governor of Belarus}! In Saint Petersburg, in 1811, he was offered the hand of an heiress, Marianna Hurko, but made the mistake of falling in love with her sister, EWELINA HURKO-ROMEYKO / Evelina HURKO. He fled Russia, sailing from Kronstadt and arriving in London by November 1811, and to the United States in Philadelphia until 1814.

Encyclopedia:

The Order of Saint John in Malta and the history of the Illuminati: Carsten Niebuhr, Tadeusz Grabianka and Alessandro di Cagliostro / Giuseppe Balsamo in 1761, 1762, 1767, 1778, 1779.

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762, and they back to Malta. Cagliostro again visited Malta after trips to North Africa and Europe, where new Grand Master de ROHAN-POLDUC, grant him a chivalrous dignity. In 1776 Giuseppe Balsamo came to London. He learned about Freemasonry. He was admitted to the London 'Expectation' lodge on April 12, 1777 thanks to his influential friends. In England, he took the name of Count di Cagliostro. He wanted to reform this movement. In 1777 he was sent to prison for a short time; from London in 1778, went to the Netherlands, came to Paris in 1778. He found there a patron - Cardinal Louis de Rohan. From Paris in 1778, came to Germany, and the Great Poland to ADAM PONINSKI. He went to Konigsberg and in COURLAND, Mitau / Mitava, and went to Saint Petersburg. Then from Warsaw, in a few months Cagliostro appears in Strazburg in 1780; he met Cardinal Rohan, to play a prominent role in Paris in 1781. In 1782, he founded the Order of Egyptian Masonry and stood at its head. As the Great Kopta he organized the Egyptian rite lodges in: England, France, Germany and Russia.

Encyclopedia: Lenin and Inessa Armand. Illuminati and the Malta Order of Pinto, 1741 and in Poland in 1742/1749: Carsten Niebuhr, Cagliostro - Balsamo, Tadeusz Grabianka, Mniszech, Stadnicki, Kalinowski, Kossakowski, Rzewuski, Tarnowski, Oginski, Pierre Lefort / Le Fort, and de Toux de Salvert / Salverte. The Russian conspiracy intelligence network - globalism and globalization. History and genealogy of the noble Konstantynowicz family. Education and information - author Konstantynowicz Bogdan on 25 December 2018.

Encyklopedia Polski niepodleglej, Konstantynowicz-Armand-Paszkowski: Mesjanizm, Prometeizm, Iluminaci - Tadeusz Grabianka i niepodleglosc Polski, 11 listopada 1918. Martynisci, Templariusze i Masoneria - walka o Rosje - Lenin, 1917.

Berezyna and Lubuszany - the estate of Poniatowski-Tyszkiewicz-Potocki branch - the Knights Templar of the FREEMASONRY.
Miezonka-Swolna-Moscow-St Petersburg and the family history of Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz.

Stirling Castle, King James VII of Scotland and II of England, and Jacobins in Scotland in the 18th century. Mayer Amschel Rothschild - the Illuminati, 1776. The Knights Templar in 1791 and The Order of Mark Master Masons, 1769. Encyclopedia:

The Order of Saint John in Malta and the history of the Illuminati: Carsten Niebuhr, Tadeusz Grabianka and Alessandro di Cagliostro / Giuseppe Balsamo in 1761, 1762, 1767, 1778, 1779.


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© All rights reserved. No part of all this work covered by copyright hereon may be reproduced in any form or by  any  means - graphic,  electronic, or mechanical - including photocopying,  recording, downloading,  uploading, taping, or storage in an information  retrieval system, without the  prior written permission of the copyright owner  - © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz

Bogdan Konstantynowicz, encyklopedia Polski Niepodleglej.

Illuminati in Poland in 1742/1749 and Malta 1741 - until 1937.

Illuminati and Leopold Kronenberg of Wieniec - Brzezie, and Ludwik Krasinski of Krasne close to Przasnysz. Kamieniec Podolski in Podolia - the Malta Order, and Carsten Niebuhr in 1767. The Russian conspiracy intelligence network after 1721 - globalism and globalization after 1961.

Bogdan Konstantynowicz, the Independent Poland Encyclopedia.


Secret Societies. CONSPIRATORS, Illuminati, Templars, Freemasons, and the special supplement to the Paszkowski - Armand - Konstantynowicz family [Lenin; Trubecki; Kropotkin; Dzierzynski; Pilsudski] on November the 11th, 1918.



Encyklopedia Internetowa Polski Niepodleglej - Konstantynowicz Bogdan: Kiedrzynski, Psarski, Bleszynski, Soltan, Oginski, Mielzynski, Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Fiszer, Bninski.


Globalization and globalism - Donald Trump, John F. Kennedy, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Hillary Clinton, Angela Merkel, Bronislaw Komorowski - the Russian global intelligence network. Konstantynowicz Bogdan - Polish Internet Archive. Key note.


The French invasion of Malta -
then ruled by the Order of St. John and the Grand-Master Hompesch who was pro-Austrian - by the French First Republic led by Napoleon in June 1798,
was the revenge of France and Napoleon at the Maltese Order; it was obvious. And Russia's help to the Maltese Order was clear and obvious.

The invasion ended the 268-year-long Hospitaller rule in Malta. The Grand Master and many of 332 knights left the island, and the Tsar Paul I offered final assistance to the Order, raising money from Polish 'Commanderies' and founded the Grand Priory of Russia (1797).
Paul I of Russia was proclaimed Grand Master by some knights. The Order evolved into the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
In 1800 Malta Protectorate was under British protection. Then the island was a British Crown colony in 1813.


The Illuminati and the Potocki family of Zator, Krzeszowice, Berezyna and Lubuszany:

The first on JAN Potocki, the writer:

Among the many esoteric traditions, Kabbalah had to fascinate Potocki. Kabbalah had to fascinate Potocki just as a system. This system - which is not an attempt to define it - creates the equivalences of ten Sefirot constituting the Tree of Life and it refers to, among others, the hierarchy of archangels, angelic choirs, celestial spheres (including planets), and even parts of the human body.

In 1785, Jan Potocki in Warsaw married Julia (1767-1794), the daughter of Izabela Lubomirski and the cousin to Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (1770-1861). They moved home to Paris for 2 years. 1786, was born Alfred (1786-1862). Potocki make friends with Lady de Stael.

In 1787, Artur Potocki (1787-1832) was born.
Jan Potocki come to Spa, with Anna Teresa and Lady de Genlis. Potocki stayed in Antwerpia, then in England; back to Paris. 1788 - he met Stanislaw August the King. Moved to Ukraina;
met Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki; he, in Lublin, met Seweryn Potocki.
In Poznan and Sroda - he is elected a Great Poland deputy.

JAN Potocki corresponds with his brother-in-law, Ignacy Potocki;
Jan inherited together with Seweryn Potocki the property of Jozef Potocki and Wincenty Potocki in Ukraine. In November, a political club with 150 members was founded in Warsaw.

According to the accounts of the orientalist Wladyslaw Kotwicz, Jan Potocki goes to Berlin, where he
approached to Frederick William I and his uncle, Prince Henry.

It is likely that Jan Potocki was working in the libraries of Ewald Hertzberg (1725- 1795), the minister of the king, and geographer Anton Friedrich Busching (1724-1793).
In October he goes to France and then in Leipzig and Landau. In Paris, he met Baron de Stael, the ambassador of Sweden.

Alexandra Feodorovna, born Princess Charlotte of Prussia (1798 - 1860), was Empress consort of Russia. She was the wife of Emperor Nicholas I, and mother of Emperor Alexander II.
Charlotte was born the eldest surviving daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia, and Louise of Mecklenburg- Strelitz.
In 1814, her marriage was arranged for political reason with Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich of Russia, the future Tsar Nicholas I.

Mentioned Frederick William III / Friedrich Wilhelm III (1770 - 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840.
His parents:
Frederick William II of Prussia + Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (Friederike Luise; 1751 - 1805) was Queen consort of Prussia as the second spouse of King Frederick William II.

Above named Frederick William II / Friedrich Wilhelm II, b. 1744, was King of Prussia from 1786.
His father
Prince Augustus William of Prussia, August Wilhelm, b. 1722, was Prince of Prussia and a younger brother of Frederick II.

Augustus was the second surviving son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.

Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick - Wolfenbuettel [my mistake - note below !].
She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.

Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.

We back to Paszkowski Wojciech:

he acted together with Lozinski in Lancut;
Wojciech Paszkowski was Commissioner General to Artur Potocki.

Artur Stanislaw Potocki (b. 1787) - a Napoleonic officer, the son of the writer and traveler Jan Potocki, and mentioned Julia Potocka nee Lubomirski b. 1767 in PARIS

{JAN POTOCKI was the son of Józef Potocki b. 1735, d. 1802, Wien;
the grandson of Stanislaw Potocki 1698 - 1760;
the great-grandson of Józef Potocki 1673 - 1751;
the great-great-grandson of
Andrzej Potocki died in 1691 / 1692 in Stanislawow - see below !}.

ARTUR Potocki married to Zofia Countess Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II.
He bought a Palace in Cracow; and in Krzeszowice he built a summer residence

{the cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - Paszkowski Franciszek (1818-1883), painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist. He was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), the younger brother of Józef Edmund. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where
he lived with his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebnica estate and Krzeszowice.

Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Düsseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz.
Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW}.

ARTUR POTOCKI in 1818, became an adept of the 33rd degree of the Scottish Masonic Lodge [the Templars].

Count Waclaw Rzewuski junior - CONSPIRATOR in Ukraine:

Waclaw Rzewuski, 1775-1831, certainly the most mysterious figure in the history of the world; he bought Arabian horses, the son of the field commander Seweryn Rzewuski and Konstancja Lubomirski.

After the death of his father, Waclaw Rzewuski, junior, became the heir of the fortune. Already in student times, he took lessons in Arabic in Vienna.
And from his uncles, Jan Potocki and Adam Czartoryski - he had the first knowledge about Arab countries.

He was visiting Slawuta of SANGUSZKO [compare GRABIANKA],
Antonina and Biala Cerkiew, and he started to buy Arabian horses; 1817-1820 spent in the East.

Above SEWERYN RZEWUSKI:
During the Kosciuszko Uprising he was sentenced to death by the Supreme Criminal Court and executed in effigy on 29 September 1794. He was married to Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska and had three children,
Waclaw Rzewuski junior,
Izabella Rzewuska and
Maria Rzewuska.

Tadeusz Grabianka tried to expand the influence of the Illuminati Order through contacts with the European believers of Swedenborg, during a trip to London in 1786 and in May 1787 in Paris.
Hindmarsh was the founder of Theosophical Society in England. Together with De Thome;
Count Cagliostro;
with the member Chastanier - he was also the member of "illumine d'Avignon" [with H. JONES in England; Marquis de THOME in Avignon; Thomas Duche - the son of Jacob Duche in 1785/1786].

Chastanier was a supporter of a Plan for a Universal Society [with JACOB DUCHE] of SWEDENBORG [Richard Brothers, too].

Hindmarsh was appointed in 1786 to Mason by Tadeusz Grabianka
- recruited him as a Mason; Hindmarsh helped print a pamphlet of Tadeusz Grabianka in London in 1787.

Tadeusz Grabianka propagated prophecies of how European thrones would topple and that papal authority would end with Pius VI; he also predicted that a mass social movement would arise. Grabianka pointed to the French Revolution of 1789 as confirmation of these prophecies.

In London, Grabianka met with Louis - Claude de Saint-MARTIN - who had come in 1785 to England;
Saint-Martin collaborated with Goran Ulrik Silverhjelm, Swedenborg's nephew, in 1790-1792.

Manoah SIBLY thus provided a tangible connection between Ebenezer SIBLY / Ebenezer Sibley, and the Swedenborgian enthusiasts Philippe de LOUTHERBOURG, Peter Lambert de LINTOT and
Charles RAINSFORD - and in ca 1776 to CAGLIOSTRO.

Charles-Pierre-Paul, marquis de Savalette de Langes, b. in Tours in 1745, died in 1797; he was captain of the national guards and aide de camp of La Fayette.

Named above Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816) was a French surgeon.
"In 1767 he founded a lodge of Illumines Theosophes, based on the anonymous writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. In 1774 he migrated to England.

In 1775 Chastanier and the Marquis de Thorn joined the Philalethes, a Masonic society founded by mentioned Savalette de Langes in Paris.

In 1776 Chastanier founded Universal Society in London to disseminate Swedenborg's writing.

In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon".

The Avignon Illuminati Association survived the period of persecution from the Inquisition. During 1795-1799 period, the initiation hierarchy was established, and the temple of the Avinion Illuminati was modeled on the Solomon Temple.

In 1799, Tadeusz Grabianka left France and he went to Galicia for a short time, and then to Russia in St Petersburg. There he entered the circle of aristocracy;

in the autumn of 1804, Tadeusz Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

Probably Tadeusz Grabianka also brought di Cagliostro to Sutkowce and Grabianka set up an alchemical workshop - laboratory for Cagliostro in July-August 1780. Tadeusz Grabianka was living in the Latyczow county, in Rajkowce and Sutkowce

[remember - Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the ILLUMINATI, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of Tadeusz Grabianka - the ILLUMINATI; they owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia. Named Stanislaw Stadnicki was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka].

Grabianka - like with Cagliostro - with count Michal Aleksander Ronikier [in 1773 the owner of Kryniczany / KRYNYCHANY, 39 km north to Kamieniec Podolski, in the Kamieniec Podolski county, at Podolia] and Brumer, in accordance with the method set by Pernety, led the work to create a homunculus.

"Cagliostro was an Italian adventurer and self-styled magician. He became a glamorous figure associated with the royal courts of Europe where he pursued various occult arts, including psychic healing, alchemy and scrying. ... Cagliostro himself stated during the trial following the Affair of the Diamond Necklace that he had been born of Christians of noble birth but abandoned as an orphan upon the island of Malta. He claimed to have travelled as a child to Medina, Mecca, and Cairo and upon return to Malta to have been admitted to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, with whom he studied alchemy ...".

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762, and they back to Malta. Cagliostro again visited Malta after trips to North Africa and Europe, where new Grand Master de ROHAN-POLDUC, grant him a chivalrous dignity. In 1776 Giuseppe Balsamo came to London. He learned about Freemasonry. He was admitted to the London 'Expectation' lodge on April 12, 1777 thanks to his influential friends. In England, he took the name of Count di Cagliostro. He wanted to reform this movement. In 1777 he was sent to prison for a short time; from London in 1778, went to the Netherlands, came to Paris in 1778. He found there a patron - Cardinal Louis de Rohan. From Paris in 1778, came to Germany, and the Great Poland to ADAM PONINSKI. He went to Konigsberg and in COURLAND, Mitau / Mitava, and went to Saint Petersburg. Then from Warsaw, in a few months Cagliostro appears in Strazburg in 1780; he met Cardinal Rohan, to play a prominent role in Paris in 1781. In 1782, he founded the Order of Egyptian Masonry and stood at its head. As the Great Kopta he organized the Egyptian rite lodges in: England, France, Germany and Russia.

The MALTA Island was under the rule of the Order of St John of Jerusalem and had the Portuguese Fra Emmanuel Pinto as Grand Master (1741 - 1773).
In 1762-1766, Cagliostro in Malta in the Pinto's laboratory. Acc. to Freller, the Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1741, was considered by Count Cagliostro as a true Illuminati.

Chancellor von KORFF in Konigsberg on 25th February 1779 thought Cagliostro is the secret Jesuit agent on a mission.

By John Scott, and John Taylor in 1829:
Carsten Niebuhr left Giittingen for Copenhagen in the autumn of 1760, and was in Marseilles [a stay of a few weeks at Marseilles], Malta and then in Constantinopole [Istanbul] and Egypt [Alexandria - in Egypt he was in September 1761 until October 1762].

"The Maltese knights treated Niebuhr with marked distinction, offering him all the honours and advantages of their order after his return from the expedition...".

Niebuhr's impressions of Malta are documented in a travelogue of 1774. In Warsaw during 10 days rest, in 1767 Carsten Niebuhr met Stanislaw Poniatowski, the King of Poland.

We back to
Artur Stanislaw Potocki.
He was the count, the owner of the Krzeszowice and Lancut estates, graduated of the Ernangen Protestant University, officer of the Polish army,
the adjutant of Prince Józef Poniatowski in 1812,
the adjutant of the emperor of France [fligiel- adjutant of Emperor Napoleon I] - Napoleon I - in 1815
[Napoleon Bonaparte I abdicated on 22 June 1815 in favour of his son Napoleon II. On 24 June the Provisional Government proclaimed the fact to the French nation and the world].

Wojciech Paszkowski [the half-brother of General Franciszek Paszkowski] was the manager of KRZESZOWICE owned by Artur Potocki.

Wojciech Paszkowski managed also Trzebniew / Trzebniow [not Trzebnica !].
The Trzebniow estate + Ludwikow / Ludwinow and Ostreznik; close to Niegowa, MYSZKOW, Gorzkow Nowy, and Bedzin; at half way from ZARKI to LELOW; north to MIROW; 31 km south-east to Czestochowa.

Zofia Potocka nee Clavone b. 1760, d. 1822, was a Greek, and a Russian agent,
later a Polish noble. Her mother Maria sought support from foreign embassies. In May 1777, Zofia was sold to the Polish Ambassador, Boskamp Lyasopolski.
The Polish Count Major Jozef Witt bought her from Boskamp Lyasopolsky and married her in 1779.
Jozef Witt was the son of the commandant of the fortress Kamieniec Podolski, and the couple lived a year in Kamieniec Podolski, before departing for Europe in 1781.
By Wikipedia:
"... 1781, she was called to court to be introduced to King Stanislas Augustus. After Warsaw, they visited Berlin, where Zofia was introduced to the King of Prussia Frederick II. In the resort town of Spa, Zofia was introduced to the Austrian Emperor Joseph II ...
1781 Zofia gave birth in Paris to a son. When this news reached the Polish king, he personally visited Kamieniec Podolski, and congratulated
her father-in-law Josef Witt OLDER, with the birth of a grandson, promoted him to the rank of Lieutenant General and volunteered to be the godfather of the newborn.
In 1782, the couple returned to Kamieniec Podolski, visiting Vienna, Moravia, Slovakia and Galicia on the way. In 1785, her spouse Joseph Witte succeeded his father as commandant of Kamieniec Podolski, making Zofia first lady of Podolia.
During her second marriage to POTOCKI, Zofia had three sons: Alexander Potocki (born in 1798), Mieczyslaw (born in 1800) and Boleslaw (born in 1805), and two daughters: Sophia, and Olga (1802-1861). During the marriage, she also had an affair with her stepson, Szczesny Jerzy Potocki, who may have been the biological father of her son Boleslaw. She also had an affair with the Russian governor, Nikolai Novosiltsov.

Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki indulged in mysticism and came under the influence of Polish Illuminati and died in March 15, 1805, ...
In the early 1820s, she experienced a deteriorated health. Reportedly,
the mysticism of the Polish Illuminati was suspected to have affected her health.
She left for Berlin to consult German doctors, where she died".

Wincenty Aksamitowski performed function in the office of the First Caretaker.
Les Freres Anglais et Francais Reunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, and it was subordinated to the French Grand Orient; consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; General Wincenty Axamitowski / Wincenty Aksamitowski was the champion for a long time.
General Wincenty Axamitowski / Wincenty Aksamitowski was the son of Ignacy Aksamitowski (Ignacy Aksamitowski died in 1810 or 1771 ?), of Podole {b. 1715, d. 1810; the official in Podole in 1773; MP in 1764}.

GENERAL Wincenty Aksamitowski was THE GRANDSON of General Jan de Witte.

{Jan de Witte senior, b. 1709, d. 1785, in Kamieniec Podolski; Polish military engineer; Dutch origin, architect, representative of the Baroque, from 1781 general-lieutenant of the Crown troops;
father of Joseph Witte.
Jan de Witte and his wife Marianna Lubonski were buried in the Catacombs of the Cathedral in Kamieniec Podolski. Jan de Witte (1705/1709-1785) - Commandant of the fortress and border strongholds in 1768-1785. Builder and defender of Kamieniec Podolski; co-operated with Lubomirski in Lviv, and in Rivne}.

General Witt
[Iwan Osipowicz de Witt, Jan de Witte junior, b. 1781, Kamieniec Podolski, d. 1840 in St Petersburg;
General and Count;
the son of named Jozef Zefiryn de Witte / Joseph WITTE + Zofia CLAVONE / Glavani]
was appointed martial law governor of Warsaw in 1831. General Witt was appointed as the military governor, while Nikolai Korff, one of the Baltic German generals, took over as the city commandant.

JAN Potocki alludes to the central secret society, the ROSICRUCIANS.
The Manuscript Found in Saragossa is a frame-tale novel written in French at the turn of 18th and 19th century by Polish author Count Jan Potocki (1761 - 1815).
The Manuscript Found in Saragossa remains one of the most mysterious works in the history of literature. Now a Polish scholar thinks he may have found the key to what he believes is a deeply esoteric text.

"... Written originally in French by Polish aristocrat Jan Potocki, the piece has consistently fascinated and perplexed both readers and scholars. ... The Manuscript remains as controversial as ever, all the more so since one potential explanation of its intricacies entails
a journey into the realm of the Kabbalah.
It based on Potocki's clear occult knowledge.
Otorowski also claims to have found the key to this elusive knowledge. This key is the Kabbalah. Or to be more precise, the Lurianic Kabbalah, a messianic system of Jewish thought created by Isaac Luria during the 16th century. ...".

Remember -
Aleksandra Potocka, with nick-name Aleksandryna

(1818-1892, born in St Petersburg, the daughter of Stanislaw Septym Potocki;
the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki 1751-1805;
the great-granddaughter of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, 1700-1772,
who was the son of Józef Potocki (died 1723),
and grandson of Feliks Kazimierz "Szczesny" Potocki (1630-1702),
the great-grandson of Stanislaw "Rewera" Potocki, 1589-1667),

married her cousin August Potocki

(= August Aleksander Potocki b. 1805; the son of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778;
the grandson of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki b. 1755;
the great-grandson of Eustachy Potocki born in 1720;
the great-great-grandson of Jerzy Potocki who was the son of Feliks Kazimierz Potocki 1630-1702,
and grandson of Stanislaw Rewera Potocki).

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice
[I had explained incorrect inf. on Jerzy Dunin-Wasowicz of the 18th century].

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892]
(K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogród),
to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz

(born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! - the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN; the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA; the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze; the great-great-granddaughter of Józef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn),

the wife of the Galicja governor - Andrzej Potocki.

Named Aleksandra Potocka, Aleksandryna (1818-1892), born in Petersburg, as a child of Stanislaw Septym POTOCKI + Katarzyna Branicki;
the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki.

Stanislaw Potocki died in 1831; then Aleksandryna Potocka was living
under care of Zofia, the wife of Artur Potocki - the Templar - in Biala Cerkiew, St Petersburg and Krzeszowice.

ARTUR married to Zofia Countess Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II.

He bought a Palace in Cracow; and in Krzeszowice he built a summer residence

{the cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - Paszkowski Franciszek (1818-1883), JUNIOR, painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist. He was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), the younger brother of Józef Edmund. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where he lived with
his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebnica estate and Krzeszowice.

Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Düsseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz.
Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW}.

ARTUR POTOCKI in 1818, became an adept of the 33rd degree of the Scottish Masonic Lodge.

Aleksandryna Potocka became friends with her cousin, Eliza Branicka, the later Eliza was the wife of Zygmunt Krasinski, in 1835 until 1876.
Miss Potocka formally remained under the care of Tsar Nicholas I. Around 1836, she became the lady of the imperial court.
On her marriage with her cousin August Potocki from Wilanów recalled Jadwiga Dzialynski Zamoyska years later.


I wrote mistakenly - "Frederick William II, married Louise of Brunswick - Wolfenbuettel";
ie. Friedrich Wilhelm II b. 1744;
it's mistake of course;

I explain [by Wikipedia]:
"Frederick William was born in Berlin, the son of Prince Augustus William of Prussia (the second son of King Frederick William I of Prussia) and Duchess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. His mother's elder sister, Elisabeth, was the wife of Augustus William's brother King Frederick II (Frederick the Great)...".

Frederick William II married 1st in 1765 to Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, Crown Princess of Prussia, the daughter of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, was dissolved in 1769. He then married in 1769, Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, the daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He had mistress, Wilhelmine Enke (created Countess Wilhelmine von Lichtenau in 1796).

In 1781 Frederick William had joined the Rosicrucians.
Moreover, people like Immanuel Kant were forbidden to speak in public on the topic of religion.


Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki, 1751 - 1805, Great Lieutenant General of the Crown since 1784; the son of Franciszek Salezy Potocki.

Stanislaw Potocki was married three times:
1.
Gertruda Komorowska born 1754 in Suszno, d. 1771

[the daughter of Count Jakub Komorowski and Antonina Pawlowska.
Gertruda Komorowska married Count Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki in 1770. The marriage was following a secret love affair. Her father-in-law send her back to her family. On her way home,
she died in mysterious circumstances -
see below on her sister
Antonina Leonora Komorowska, ILINSKA, Litwinow, b. ca 1755
(the ILLUMINATI family - see TADEUSZ GRABIANKA !)];

2.
Jozefina Amalia Mniszech / AMELIA POTOCKA, with 11 children

[she was the painter; 1752 - 1798, the daughter of Court Marshal
Jerzy August Mniszech and Css Maria Amelia Bruhl, and the granddaughter of Heinrich von Bruhl. I said Stanislaw Potocki was married three times:
Jozefina Amalia married Count Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki in 1774 in Dukla -
see DUKLA and FREEMASONS / Illuminati net];

3.
Zofia Clavone, with 8 children [the RUSSIAN SPY].

Jerzy August Mniszech [Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech] born in 1715, died in 1778, married to Maria Amalia Fryderyka Von Bruhl in 1750.
Jerzy August Mniszech b. 1715, the FREEMASON, in his Dukla was the center of the Freemasons Lodge;
the son of Jozef Mniszech (1670 - 1747) + Konstancja TARLO.

His daughter was above Jozefina Amelia (Potocka) Mniszech (1752 - 1798), the wife of mentioned Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki.

Above
Jozef Mniszech (1670 - 1747) was the father of:
Jerzy August Mniszech;
and
JAN KAROL MNISZECH.

Above Jan Karol Mniszech family:
1.
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski was the father of
Ludwina Wielhorska;
Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski;
Jan Jakub Zamoyski [married Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781];
Andrzej Zamoyski, Count;
Helena Potocka;
Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska,
and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech / Katarzyna Zamoyska born 1722, married Jan Karol Wandalin Mniszech 1716-1759, General.
2.
Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech

[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, son of above
Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771,
daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]

and Brygida / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka.

Note to DUKLA:

See the FREEMASONS -
Pierre Le Fort / LEFORT in 1749 in Dukla acted together with Jerzy August Mniszech b. 1715.
And
Jean Luc Louis de Toux de SALVERT with Jan Karol Mniszech b. 1716, in Wisniowiec by the Horyn river, in 1742.

Franciszek Stadnicki (1742 - 1810), the Bar insurgent in 1768, defender of Cracow / Krakow. The Ostrzeszow official; MP of Wielun in 1764; was the owner of Rymanow and Dukla (1809).
Stadnicki Franciszek was the General of the Kalisz troops in 1792 and in 1794.
The son of Antoni STADNICKI SENIOR, b. 1710, of Ostrzeszow and Wyszogrod + his 2nd wife, Teresa Potocki Stadnicka, the daughter of Franciszek POTOCKI, Colonel + Marianna Stradomski, Szembek, Potocka.

Note to named Antoni Stadnicki, senior, b. 1710:
Antoni Stadnicki, the Ostrzeszow official, 1710-1777 married Teresa Potocka.

Antoni Stadnicki was the son of
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, b. ca 1670, d. 1737;
the grandson of
Jan STADNICKI + Katarzyna Kowieska.

Note to Antoni Stadnicki, junior, b. 1771:

Franciszek Stadnicki b. 1742, and Teresa Wezyk had the son -
Antoni Stadnicki junior

[Antoni Waclaw Michal Egidiusz Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1771 in Opatow, died in 1836 in Trzcinica] + Jozefa Jablonowski [the daughter of Stanislaw Jablonowski];

Antoni Stadnicki, junior, acted in WIELUN and was the owner of DUKLA, Gorzyce, LEZYN, Ropianki, and in 1801 of ZMIGROD, but
in 1795 moved to Netherlands, until ca 1799.

Antoni Waclaw Stadnicki b. 1771, had a sibilings:

Ignacy Stadnicki + Ksawera Zboinska,
Anna + Stanislaw Malachowski,
Tekla Stadnicka b. 1775, d. 1843 + Jan Kanty Stadnicki b. 1765, d. 1842 ! [see below];
Helena the owner of DUKLA + General Wojciech Mecinski.

Note [I check my mistakes]:

Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki
was the son of
Piotr Stadnicki b. 1740, d. 1819;
the grandson of
Jozef Stadnicki 1710-1772 and Marcjanna Morska.

Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki [b. 1765 in Jakubkowice, d. in ZMIGROD in 1842], m. Tekla Stadnicka in 1804.
They had children:
Teresa Maria Glogowska b. 1808;
Izabela Maria KRASICKI, b. 1812;
Edward Piotr Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1817.

TEKLA Stadnicka was the daughter of
Franciszek Stadnicki 1742-1810 + Teresa Wezyk b. ca 1748
[see below !]. Teresa Wezyk, the daughter of Jozef WEZYK + Helena Jordan.

Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1742, was the son of
Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszow, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.

Also Franciszek Stadnicki and Teresa Wezyk had the son -
Antoni Stadnicki junior

[Antoni Waclaw Michal Egidiusz Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1771 in Opatow, died in 1836 in Trzcinica] + Jozefa Jablonowski [the daughter of Stanislaw Jablonowski];
Antoni Stadnicki, junior, acted in WIELUN and was the owner of DUKLA, Gorzyce, LEZYN, Ropianki, and in 1801 of ZMIGROD, but in 1795 moved to Netherlands, until ca 1799.

Brief note to
Jozef WEZYK older + Helena Jordan, born ca 1730, lived in BRONISZEWICE:

Broniszewice / Bronischewitz, 9 km north-west to PLESZEW [see Jakub Kiedrzynski],
9 km north-east to CZERMIN; 5 km north to Pacanowice and 4 km north-west to GRODZISKO.
18 km north-east to KOTLIN, 22 km north-east to DOBRZYCA, 24 km north to SOBOTKA.

Broniszewice -
Kazimierz Wielowiejski and Maksymilian Wielowiejscy, the owners ca 1730/1749; they sold BRONISZEWICE in 1749 to Jozef WEZYK of Osiny. JOZEF Wezyk was the Konary official in 1768-1771, in Wielun in 1758-1768; the member of the Radom Confederation in 1767, husband of named Helena Jordan.

Tadeusz Grabianka in 1802 found himself in Russia, i.e. in Ukraine.
In the autumn of 1804, Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of named Tadeusz Grabianka.

They owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia.

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki [b. ca 1710 ?] was the son of
Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.
Husband of Martyna Stadnicka.
Brother of Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki.

Above JAN Stadnicki [b. ca 1680 ?]:
died in 1740, the son of
Mikolaj Franciszek Stadnicki. Above MIKOLAJ Stadnicki [b. ca 1650 ?]: died in 1714, the son of
Franciszek Stadnicki 1st [b. ca 1620/1630 ?].

So the main thought of the Illuminati Order is the work of Tadeusz Grabianka.
The thought of taking power in Russia was a central idea guiding the Polish underground from the 80s of the 18th century until 1917. The continuator of the main thought of Tadeusz Grabianka about taking power in the tsar state - in the Russian Empire - was Jozef Pilsudski. Jozef Pilsudski was closest to Andrzejak - Konstantynowicz - Zbieranowski net of Miezonka - Moscow - Tallinn - Swolna.

But the thought of seizing power over freemasonry and secret societies in Europe went from the Stadnicki family since the 1740s.

In the 18th century, the following families joined closely: Mniszech - Kalinowski - Stadnicki - Potocki and it's already in the 1750s.
Secret societies were created by Russian intelligence after around 1721, for the destruction of the colonial power of England and France, which was to allow the conquest of the Pacific coast from Kamchatka and Alaska to Oregon and California.

The occupation of Paris by the Russians was their greatest strategic success in the early 19th century.
But the Crimean War showed the weakness of corrupt Russia defeated by France, England and Sardines. It was clearly the result of the counter-offensive of France and England in Europe.

Tadeusz Grabianka from the 1760s was intensively placed by his family in secret societies in Prussia and France.

The next step was taking over of the Illuminati in the 1770s by the Stadnicki group - Grabianka - Tarnowski.
Finally, in the 1780s Tadeusz Grabianka continued to create the main anti-Russian goals of the Illuminati organization.

From the beginning of the 19th century, the Polish network of the Illuminati turned into a Polish underground resistance conspiracy [1819 - 1821 - 1830 - 1833].
The defeat of Polish uprisings and the breaking up of Polish conspiracy by the Russians in 1815-1865, this was the result of the infiltration of European secret societies by Moscow already at the stage of their establishment in the 1st half of the 18th century.

It was only the thought of the Illuminati from around 1870 that led to success - the creation of Lenin.

The Paszkowski family - Armand - Konstantynowicz and the Potocki family from Lubuszany - Berezina - Zator - Krzeszowice played the leading role in the years 1878 - 1918.

For sample only -
Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, died in ZATOR in 1862, the CONSPIRATOR and the ILLUMINATI, who was closest friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, the Illuminati.
Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the ILLUMINATI, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of Tadeusz Grabianka - the ILLUMINATI; they owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia.

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki was the son of mentioned Jan Stadnicki [b. ca 1680 ?] and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.

Also
Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki d. 1775, the Latyczow official, and in Podolia; MP. He was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska.

See the Mniszech - Jablonowski branch of CONSPIRATORS.

Duke Antoni Jablonowski was the Polish conspirator - 1821.
but remember:
Jozefa Mycielska b. ca 1720 m. Dymitr Hipolit Aleksander Jablonowski

{the son of Jan Stanislaw Aleksander Jablonowski 1669-1731 -
who had also a son
Stanislaw Wincenty Jablonowski 1694-1754
and the grandson ANTONI BARNABA Jablonowski, 1732-1799;
and great-grandson General major Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski, 1762-1822;
the great-great-grandson was mentioned above CONSPIRATOR,
Antoni Michal Jablonowski, 1793-1855 + Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech 1798-1863}

and named Dymitr was the official in Swiecie, KOLO, and in Kowel [close to WLOCLAWEK and CHOCEN];
Dymitr was living in 1706-1788. Dymitr had the son KAROL 1768-1841, and the daughter Joanna Jablonowska b. 1753.

Antoni Jablonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Lukasinski; In 1825, Antoni Jablonowski negotiated with the Decembrists.
After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
About 1810 Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Mniszech, the daughter of
Michal Jerzy Mniszech

[Count Michal Jerzy Wandalin Mniszech (1742-1806), the son of
FREEMASON, Jan Karol Mniszech 1716-1759 and of Katarzyna Zamoyska, 1722-1771;
and the grandson of
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski the governor of Smolensk, 1679-1735 and also of the Lithuanian Marshal and the Crown Marshal, Jozef Antoni Mniszech, 1670 - 1747;
and the great-grandson of
MP, Jerzy Jan Mniszech (d. 1693) - the family of Maryna Mniszech.

Jozef Mniszech m. bef. 1694 to the daughter of Szymon Karol Oginski (1619-1699), ie. Dss Elenora Oginska.

Above
JOZEF WANDALIN MNISZECH had daughter Teresa Mniszech (1694-1746) m. 1st Jan Franciszek Stadnicki; 2nd to Jozef Lubomirski.

Jozef Wandalin Mniszech 2nd married Konstancja Tarlo with 4 children:
Freemason, Jerzy August Mniszech (1715-1778),
Freemason, Jan Karol Mniszech (1716-1759),
Elzbieta Mniszech (d.1746), m. Karol Wielopolski;
and Ludwika (1712-1785), m. in 1732 Jozef Potocki.
Jozef POTOCKI was the son of Jozef Stanislaw Potocki, 1673-1751.
Jozef Stanislaw Potocki was an enemy of Stanislaw Poniatowski in 1726; the Kiev and Poznan governor; the Cracow governor.
Closest to TEODOR POTOCKI].

Their [Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Mniszech] daughter Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Korwin-Krasinski, an officer of the November Uprising.

And the branch of MNISZECH - ZAMOYSKI - PONIATOWSKI:

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech

[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, the son of
Jan Karol Wandalin-Mniszech 1716-1759, and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722-1771, the daughter of
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]

and Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska. Ludwika Poniatowska died after 1757 {d. in 1781} + Franciszek Galecki officiel in Wielun had also son Ignacy {GALECKI} born before 1740? or acc. to me 1745.

The KOMOROWSKI - ILINSKI branch:

Jozef August Ilinski born in 1766, General, the owner of Zytomierz until 1796, supporter of IGNACY POTOCKI;
the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Ilinski;

Jozef August Ilinski married to Antonina Leonora Komorowska 1770-1838, the daughter of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski, born in 1697 or in 1724 - died in 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawlowska;

the granddaughter of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670

{Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of
Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670,
and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700,
who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska]
[see President Bronislaw Komorowski].

Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from
Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.

Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670- 1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska
[Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670,
the daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka;
they had all 4 sons:
above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski;
above named Ignacy Komorowski;
Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice;
and Piotr d. 1747}.


We back again to
Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel and to George II King of England - and the link to Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot, in VIENNA:

"... The year 1717 is accepted as the founding year of modern 'speculative' Freemasonry. ... Queen Maria Theresias' husband, Franz Stephan von Lothringen, is regarded as the Spiritus Rector of the first Viennese lodge 'Aux trois Canons' which received its founding credentials from Breslau in 1739 ...
Maria Theresas son, Joseph II, ... founding of the first Grand Lodge in Vienna: 'The Grand National Lodge of Austria' ...".

J. L. Toux de Salverte / Jean-Luc-Louis de Toux de Salvert / Jan Lukasz Toux de Salverte / Colonel Toux de Salverte / De Toux de Salvert vel Salverte was the member of the Rosicrucian Golden 'Antico Sistema' or the Masonic rite 'of the Good Shepherd'.
"De Toux (or Detoux, more rarely Thoux) of Salvert (or Salverte) was born around Tournai (Belgium), at the time in the Austrian Netherlands ... professor of mathematics, enlisted in the Habsburg army in as an engineer ...
in Vienna, founded the 'Sternkreuz' lodge in 1744,
imprisoned and expelled from the Hapsburg Empire, fled to Warsaw, traveled across Europe, founded lodges ... He left no account of his thought, but an interesting correspondence ... died in 1797, at the age of 90, in Warsaw".
De Toux de Salverte continued teaching of Stanislaw Poniatowski after returning to Warsaw in 1749. From 1749, the lessons of architecture and engineering were given to the future King by the former Austrian officer Jan Lukasz Toux de Salverte.
The King PONIATOWSKI, met just before his election, foreign occultist Toux de Salverte, who was friendly with Moszynski.

Adam Poninski, junior, FREEMASON in 1774 in LWOW, and - in 1777 - Adam Poninski, junior, received from J. L. Toux de Salverte a higher initiation in the Warsaw's "Bon Pasteur" with the rank of "bachelor of the East and the Shield".
In 1779 Adam Poninski was affiliated to the "Parfait Sileone" Lodge with the honorary dignity of the "protector".

Jean Luc Louis de Toux de Salvert / SALVERTE acted together with Jan Karol Mniszech (1716 - 1759), in 1742 in WISNIOWIEC by the Horyn river.

Mentioned De Toux de Salverte stayed for some time in Bavaria [1745-1748], where he organized the Masons lodges, then he went to Poland and settled in Podhorce [RZEWUSKI], at the court of Waclaw Rzewuski.

The Grand Master of the Asiatic Brethren, and leading member of the Illuminati, was Prince Karl, the brother of Wilhelm I of Hessen-Kassel.
Both were the sons of Frederick II of Hessen-Kassel, from his wife, Mary of Hanover, Princess of Great Britain, daughter of George II King of England, and therefore cousin to Frederick II the Great of Prussia.

Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg (born in 1721, Wolfenbuttel - d. 1792, Vechelde), was a Prussian field marshal (1758-1766).
Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg was appointed to command the Hanoverian Army of Observation -
"... Ferdinand accepted this appointment on the condition that he would have direct access to George II ruler of Hanover and Britain".
"... 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army in Western Germany which successfully repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover [by Wikipedia]."

Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg also was a freemason, initiated in 1740 into the Lodge of The Three Globes in Berlin, and received the degree of Master Mason in 1743 at Breslau.
He was in the closest touch with Frederick the Great, who supervised the instruction of the guard battalion. Ferdinand was one of the most intimate friends of the king.
In 1759, "... Ferdinand retreated in the face of a French advance, but managed to check them with a decisive victory at the Battle of Minden. This ended the immediate French threat to Hanover, as the French army was in no condition to continue its advance".

Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick 1721 - 1792; Scottish Rite; he is the same Duke of Brunswick who was mentioned in Robison's secret Illuminati membership list; the patron of the Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot.

The Sabbatian Vienna Lodge of the Asiatic Brethren was founded by Jacob Frank's cousin, Moses Dobrushka, alias Von Schoenfeld.

Hans Heinrich von Ecker und Eckhoffen (1750 - 1790), a Bavarian Officer, established two of the various so-called 'fringe-masonic' ... Orders (or Systems) which flourished in the second half of the 18th century. The first, called the Ordo Rotae et Aureae Crucis (The Order of the Wheel and of the Golden Cross) was founded in 1776. By Faivre, Antoine, 'Asiatic Brethren', in: "Dictionary of Gnosis ...".

"... Amongst the order's heads it were Franz Thomas von Schonfeld as well as Ephraim Hirschfeld who allowed for this new and unprecedented influx of specifically Kabbalistic, Sabbatean and
partly Frankist bodies of thought"
- copyright in 2018 by Frater Acher.

Karsten Niebuhr in 1761 visited MALTA, in 1767 was also in Skala Podolska - the property of Stanislaw Kossakowski, died 1761, and then Skala belonged to his wife - Katarzyna Kossakowska [until 1787 and in 1799/1801].
Skala Podolska - the core of the FRANKIST movement!
Austria had seized areas of Podole in 1772.

Katarzyna Kossakowska, nee Potocka, in the 1750s, together with her husband, was one of the leading protector of Jakub Frank and Frankists.
She looked after Ignacy Potocki and actively supported the interests of the Potocki family.
In 1777, she received from the Empress of Austria, Maria Teresa, the title of Count and the Order of the Cross of Star.
In the last years of Poland, she was active in anti-Russian circles.

Jakub Jozef von Frank-Dobrucki / Jaakow Josef ben Juda Lejb Frank / Jakub Frank, b. 1726 in Korolowka in Podolia [50 km west to Kamieniec Podolski; 23 km south-west to Skala Podolska], or in Buczacz; d. 1791 in Offenbach near to Frankfurt by Men; Baron;
the creator of the Jewish Frankist sect and a merchant, a Kabbalist, rabbi, philosopher, astrologer and alchemist.
In 1755, two Sabbatans from Podolia, Nachman from Busko and Eliza Szor from Rohatyn came to him. They persuaded Jakub Frank Lejbowicz to start a messianic mission in Poland.
In 1756, he arrived in Zareczanka / Lanckorun, 40 km north-west to Kamieniec Podolski [Lanckoron / Zariczanka / Lanckorunia]. Zariczanka was owned by Lanckoronski; then to Dwernicki and ZUKOTYNSKI.

"The Order of the Asiatic Brethren was also know as the Die Ritter des Lichts (Knights of the Light) aka Order of Knights and Brothers of the Light ... (the Asiatic Brethren of St. John the Evangelist in Europe) banned 1785."

Jonathan Eybeschotz born in Cracow in 1690, d. Altona, 1764, was a Talmudist, Rabbi of the "Three Communities": Altona, Hamburg and Wandsbek.

According to Jacob Katz, Jonathan Eybeschotz's grandson was rumored to be Baron Thomas von Schoenfeld, an apostate Jew who inherited his grandfather's collection of Sabbatean kabbalistic works.
He eventually left the Sabbatean movement and founded a Masonic lodge called the Asiatische Bruder / Asiatic Brethren, one of four Illuminati lodges in Vienna.
After his uncle's death in 1791, he was offered the leadership of the Frankist movement which he refused.

Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816) was a French surgeon.
"In 1767 he founded a lodge of Illumines Theosophes, based on the anonymous writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. In 1774 he migrated to England.
In 1775 Chastanier and the Marquis de Thorn joined the Philalethes, a Masonic society founded by Savalette de Langes in Paris

[Charles-Pierre-Paul, marquis de Savalette de Langes, b. in Tours in 1745, died in 1797; he was captain of the national guards and
aide de camp of La Fayette.
SAVALETTE attends reformist clubs like the Valois club. Initiated in the lodge of the "Indissoluble Friends" in Lille in 1766, he is a member and co-founder of the "Les Amis Reunes" lodge, together with, among others,
the Vicomte of Tavannes,
Antoine Court of Gebelin,
Claude Baudard of Saint-James, the president of Hericourt,
and Prince Charles of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg.
SAVALETTE founded the Philalethes regime - martinism is the foundation of this new rite. This lodge welcomed Cagliostro, Mesmer, and Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin.
SAVALETTE also presided over the Philosophical and Masonic Congress of Paris, in 1785 and 1787. Co-founder in 1783 to the revolution of the "The Olympic of the Perfect Estime". Deputy of the Grand Orient of France for many years, first supervisor of the Chamber of Grades in 1782, he participated in the codification of orders of the French Rite. The last philosophical convent of philaleths was in 1787.
Philaleths or philatelists which translates as: friend or seeker of truth;
this regime of philosophical or mystical masonry was founded in 1773 by the Marquis Charles-Pierre-Paul Savalette of Langes in the Lodge "Les Amis Reunions".
This ritual lasted until the death of its founder in 1797; it had such a representatives:
Saint Martin ,
the brothers Lavater,
Ferdinand of Brunswick
and Joseph de Maistre].

In 1776, Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816), founded Universal Society in London to disseminate Swedenborg's writing.

In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon".



The outset of the ILLUMINATI in Poland and the beginning of social engineering in Poland, 1742/1749; and in MALTA in 1741.

Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, 1749, of Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778), and then to the family of Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszow (1710 - 1777) + Teresa Potocka.

And Jean Luc Louis de Toux de Salvert / SALVERTE with Jan Karol Mniszech (1716 - 1759), in 1742 in WISNIOWIEC by the Horyn river.

Wisniowiec by the HORYN river:

After the death of Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki in 1744, the Wisniowiec estate passed through his granddaughter Katarzyna Zamoyska to the estate of Jan Karol Mniszch.

Katarzyna Zamoyska b. 1722, the daughter of
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski, 1679-1735 in ZAMOSC, the governor of SMOLENSK + Elzbieta Wisniowiecka, 1701-1770, the daughter of
Michal Serwacy Korybut Wisniowiecki (1680-1744).

Katarzyna Zamoyska died in 1771.

Katarzyna Zamoyska, 1722-1771, married to Jan Karol Mniszech, 1716-1759,
the son of Jozef Mniszech (1670 - 1747), Great Crown Marshal in 1713, Court Lithuanian Marshal in 1706, the Cracow governor in 1742;
the grandson of Jerzy Jan Mniszech (d. 1693), nephew of the tsar Maryna Mniszech.

Mentioned Jozef Mniszech m. bef. 1694, to the daughter of Duke Szymon Karol Oginski (1619/1621 - 1699) ie. Dss Elenora Oginska.

Compare:

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka, born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk and here he was buried.
The son of
Rafal Alojzy Oskierka, 1708-1767, and Stanislawa Teresa OGINSKA.

Stanislawa Teresa Oskierka Oginska, 1724 - 1744, the daughter of Martian Michal Oginsky, b. 1672 in Witebsk.

Named Marcjan (Marcin) Michal Oginski 1672 - 1750, the Witebsk governor in 1730, Vitebsk castellan 1703-1730, marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 1712, 1718, 1723, prince.
Son of Szymon Karol Oginski.

Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was daughter of Samuel Leon Oginski and Zofia Billewicz.
She was sister of Jan Oginski; mentioned Szymon Karol Oginski / Symeon Oginski [see below !], and Helena Tyszkiewicz, inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruskuliene.

Above Samuel Leon Oginski b. ca 1593, d. 1657; inf. by Andrzej Hennel at geni.com.
Mentioned above Szymon Karol Oginski b. ca 1619/1621, d. 1699, son of Samuel LEW Oginski and Zofia [Samuel Leon Oginski / SAMUEL LEW Oginski, b. ca 1593 in Kruonis].
Brother of JAN JACEK Oginski;
Regina Korff Pociej [see below on the KALINOWSKI-TRUBECKI- KONSTANTYNOWICZ branch];
Krystyna Oginska;
Helena Tyszkiewicz - Lohojska;
Prakseda Oginska.

The father of Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695;

Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Oginski, son of wife's brother.

Leonard Gabriel Pociej married to above Regina Oginska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki.

Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was the daughter of
Samuel Leon Oginski and Zofia Billewicz.
She was sister of Jan Oginski; named above Szymon Karol Symeon Oginski, and Helena Tyszkiewicz, inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruskuliene. Above Samuel Leon Oginski b. ca 1593.

Note on Count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:

his father was Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother was Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error) -
Justyna was the daughter of
Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715),
and JUSTYNA BORZECKA married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski; she died after 1780?

The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695;
Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Oginski, son of wife's brother.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 the commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.

Ludwik Konstanty POCIEJ was the father of Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter
Justyna KALINOWSKA Borzecka (m. Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782).

Her son was Count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.

Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error).

Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:

1. Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski, the General of Polish Army, b. after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790.
2. and 3. -
see below on KALINOWSKI.

Marianna Elzbieta Uvarov nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was the daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska b. ca 1744,
the daughter of Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski b. 1687 -

BARBARA married to Sollohub; Aleksander Winnicki; above Kasper Lubomirski; and
Kalikst Poninski, b. 1752, the son of MACIEJ PONINSKI died in 1758 in WRZESNIA, the grandson of ADAM PONINSKI older, died in 1732.

The above MACIEJ Poninski branch:
Adam Karol Poninski, ca 1733 - 1798 in Warszawa; the son of named Maciej Poninski and Franciszka; Adam Karol Poninski was the father of Adam Poninski, Aleksander Poninski, and Karol Henryk Jerzy Poninski.

Adam Karol Poninski ie. Adam Poninski junior (1732 or 1733 - 23 July 1798) was a Polish Prince, the leader of the Radom Confederation of 1767, Grand Treasurer of the Crown (from 1775), member of the Permanent Council, the Marshal of the Parliament in 1773-1775.

Poninski Adam [junior] was
the grandson of the POZNAN governor, Adam Poninski, oldest [ca 1680 - 1732],
and Adam Poninski junior was the son of Maciej Poninski, the WSCHOWA official + 1st wife Franciszka Szoldrska, the daughter of Ludwik SZOLDRSKI
[see Wilkowo Polskie of the Szoldrski family, and Pradzynski-Kiedrzynski and also Kiedrzynski-Zamoyski branch].

Adam Poninski [junior] married Zofia Jozefa Lubomirska, the daughter of Joanna nee Stein / von Stein zu Jettingen b. 1723, + Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski b. 1687.

Adam Poninski, oldest:

see - the daughters of Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and TERESA.

Adam Poninski [junior] in 1775 visited LONDON [he was the chief of the Malta Order in Poland in 1774 ! - compare Cagliostro in London].
The owner of Derazno in Volhynia / Wolyn until 1779; and Bar, Cudnow, Lubar and Lysobyki in Volhynia; Lipowiec near Winnica.
FREEMASON in 1774 in LWOW, and - in 1777 - he received from J. L. Toux de Salverte a higher initiation in the Warsaw's "Bon Pasteur" with the rank of "bachelor of the East and the Shield". In 1779 Adam Poninski was affiliated to the "Parfait Sileone" Lodge with the honorary dignity of the "protector".

Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, 1682-1738, was the brother to
1.
Zofia Anna m. Adam Kozminski, official in Kalisz;
2.
Ludwika MIELZYNSKA, 1st married Rafal Tworzyjanski, official in Wschowa, 2nd to Adam Poninski, senior ["oldest"], ca 1680 - 1732.

Kasper Lubomirski 1724 - 1780, was son of Teodor Lubomirski and Elisabeth / Elzbieta Marianna.

MARIANNA LUBOMIRSKA was the wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Uvarov;
she was the mother of Emilia Kalinowska Potocka.

Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska was the sister of Jozefa Walewska.

Jozefina or Jozefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz. Michal Walewski, 1740 - 1806, was the son of Marcin Walewski.

Michal Walewski 1735 or 1740 - 1806, Voivode of Sieradz 1785-1792. Michal Walewski in 1788-1792 put forward the project of expansion of the Polish army to 100 000 soldiers; the Speaker of the Bar Confederation of Cracow province in 1771.
A member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation, with Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
he was the son of Marcin Walewski / Martin (d. 1761) who married with Antonina Magdalene Szembek b. circa 1710, d. 1744,
the daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.
The mother of the future owner of Tuczyn, and after her death Marcin Walewski married to Marcjanna Romer (d. 1761).

Antoni Michal Jablonowski - CONSPIRATOR,
the prince in Ostrog, Maryampol and Podkamien; born 1793 in Warsaw - died 1855 in Annopol; member of the Council of State of the Kingdom of Poland, chamberlain of the emperor of the Russian Empire, prince of the Congress Kingdom in 1820; a Polish conspiracy activist to 1826.

Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski and Teodora Walewska were the parents of Antoni JABLONOWSKI [more below !].

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jablonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of Michal Walewski

Michal Walewski 1740 - 1806; the son of Marcin Walewski.

MALTA and PONINSKI:

In 1776 Giuseppe Balsamo came to London. He learned about Freemasonry. He was admitted to the London 'Expectation' lodge on April 12, 1777 thanks to his influential friends. In England, he took the name of Count di Cagliostro. He wanted to reform this movement. In 1777 he was sent to prison for a short time; from London in 1778, went to the Netherlands, came to Paris in 1778.
He found there a patron - Cardinal Louis de Rohan.
From Paris in 1778, came to Germany,
and the Great Poland to ADAM PONINSKI.
He went to Konigsberg and in
COURLAND, Mitau / Mitava, and went to Saint Petersburg.
Then from Warsaw, in a few months Cagliostro appears in Strazburg in 1780; he met Cardinal Rohan, to play a prominent role in Paris in 1781.

Cagliostro arrived in St Petersburg in 1779 [until 1780], but he visited some important people and places in the following order before trip to St Petersburg:

Adam Poninski in Poland [maybe in Wilkowo Polskie - the land of the SZOLDRSKI family, his next of kin] in about September 1778 - February 1779;
Konigsberg / Krolewiec on 25th February 1779;
Mitau / Mitawa in Courland about 01st March 1779 [to von Medem and von Recke].

Cagliostro met in Mitau in March 1779, Charlotte Elisabeth Konstantia v. Recke, ie. Elisa von der Recke (1754 - 1833); she will be the future author, German writer and poet.

Elisabeth Charlotte Constanzia von der Recke born in Schunberg, Courland; was the daughter of the Imperial Count Frederick of Medem and his wife Louise.

In 1774, in Poland was established the Grand Priory of the Order of Malta, headed by Prince Adam Poniński.

In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte setting off on the Egyptian campaign took Malta and the Order was exiled. Above
Adam Poniński b. 1732, was the Speaker of Parliament from 1773 to 1775, and the Prior of the Priory of the Polish Order of the Knights of Malta. In Poland were two 'komandorie' (Commanderies).

The Order of the Knights of Saint John, also known as Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, and the Hospitallers, were among the most famous of the Roman Catholic military orders during the Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic order was further damaged by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. By the early 19th century, the order had been severely weakened by the loss of its priories throughout Europe.
Only 10% of the order's income came from traditional sources in Europe, with the remaining 90% being generated by the Russian Grand Priory until 1810.

This was partly reflected in the government of the Order being under Lieutenants, rather than Grand Masters, in the period 1805 to 1879, when Pope Leo XIII restored a Grand Master to the order.
Copyright by Wikipedia.

The Russian Emperor, Paul I, gave the largest number of knights shelter in St. Petersburg, an action which gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitallers and the Order's recognition among the Russian Imperial Orders.
The refugee knights in St Petersburg proceeded to elect Tsar Paul as their Grand Master - a rival to Grand Master von Hompesch until the latter's abdication left Paul as the sole Grand Master.

In 1834, the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since.

Details to my family in JEDLNO:

Izydor Kiedrzynski [maybe as Izydor Jan Kiedrzynski, after about 1776 staying in JEDLNO; his family joins family ties with Bleszynski],
and Magdalena Helena Walewska b. 1762 (Helena Walewska married probably IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI of Jedlno - Wola Wiazowa); she was buried in Stradom, Cracow.

In ca 1775, Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO, Borki and Jankowice close to Jedlno, and also of Kalinowa close to Zdunska Wola.
Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa [see my family in WOLA WIAZOWA with the branch of PRADZYNSKI-KIEDRZYNSKI-SULIMIERSKI !], was the son of Franciszek Walewski with his 3rd wife [a marriage in STRONSKO].

Franciszek senior was born ca 1675 / 1690 / 1710 - died in 1745 in Rusiec [see my family in RUSIEC]; the 3rd wife was Teodora Walewska.

Franciszek Walewski [1710 ? - 1745] from the 1st marriage had also a son Aleksander Walewski, official in Piotrków (1778), in Rozprza (1748), in Cracow in 1740, married Elzbieta Mecinska of Wieruszow and JEDLNO [see Izydor Kiedrzynski]!

Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski. Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746 -1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755 [maybe before 1755]; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Jozef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 who married to Ewa Mecinska of JEDLNO.

In ca 1775 Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO and Borki [see IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI].

Aleksander Walewski older, owner of Wieruszow, in 1761 officer in Piotrkow, m. ELZBIETA MECINSKA of Wielun; she was the owner of Wieruszow. They had son
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski, 1747-1792. He married Paulina Pulina Radolinska, the daughter of KAJETAN RADOLINSKI, and the granddaughter of Jozef Stefan Radolinski, b. ca 1690/1700, died in 1740.

From Florian Lubienski, 1705 - 1760, who was son of Maciej Lubienski and Marianna, were children: Celestyn Lubienski and Malgorzata.

Malgorzata Lubienska, b. 1720 [mistake ?] or 1733, died in 1784, m. above Kajetan Radolinski, born ca 1730 with children:
a. above Paulina Pulina Radolinska, b. ca 1750, m. mentioned Jozef Kalasanty Walewski of Jedlno, 1747-1792;
b. Karolina Radolinska, 1757-1824;
c. Piotr Radolinski, MP in 1788, b. 1760, d. 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska, 1774-1849.

Kajetan Radolinski - the official in Poznan, b. ca 1730, was great-grandfather of Jadwiga Maria Walewska born in Parzymiechy in 1825 - died in 1857 (her parents: Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 + Maria Radolinska born 1795 [see Wola Pszczolecka]).

Above mentioned
Kajetan Radolinski (born ca 1730 - died in 1794)
was the great-grandson of Andrzej Radolinski older (ca 1620 - 1681)
and the grandson of
Andrzej Radolinski younger, born ca 1670 and died in 1708.

Named Andrzej Radolinski younger born ca 1670, had a son
Jozef Stefan Radolinski, b. ca 1690/1700, died in 1740.
Jozef Stefan Radolinski had a sons:
Jozef Stanislaw Radolinski, 1730-1781 in WINNOGORA;
and Kajetan Radolinski (ca 1730 - 1794).

Above Aleksander Walewski of Wieruszow and Jedlno had sons:
1. Jozef / JOZEF KALASANTY WALEWSKI, b. 1747 + Paulina RADOLINSKA;
2. Daniel b. 1751;
3. MICHAL Walewski b. 1749 + Salomea PSARSKA.

Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had children:
1. Ludwika Walewska, 1775-1863 + Jozef Niemojowski. Jozef Niemojowski 1840-1857, junior, was grandson of above LUDWIKA and JOZEF Niemojowski / Niemojewski, senior.
2. Aleksander Jozef Colonna-Walewski, Count in 1833, MP 1830-31, 1778-1845 + Tekla Walewska

{the daughter of Michal Walewski 1749-1799 + Salomea Psarska b. 1761,
and the granddaughter of Aleksander Walewski + named Elzbieta Mecinska;

Sebastian Psarski official in Wielun, b. ca 1720 [the son of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691, died in MYSLNIEW, buried in OSTRZESZOW - and the grandson of Aleksander Psarski - see below !]; Teresa Niemojowska;

and great-granddaughter of Franciszek Walewski, the official in Rozprza, 1710-1745}

1783-1862.

3. Wincenty Walewski 1785-1820 + Konstancja Salomea Jozefa Walewska.
Konstancja was the daughter of Bogumil Gabriel Walewski, 1750-1814 + Jozefa Wezyk 1760-1817,
and granddaughter of Stanisław Jozef Walewski official in Spicymierz, 1720-1770; Konstancja Urszula Jordan;
and great-granddaughter of Aleksander WALEWSKI born ca 1700, and Wiktoria Bykowska.

All children of Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan;
Wojciech Ludwik Jordan,
and Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanislaw Jozef Walewski was born in 1720 ! or born in 1740-1770,
with the son:
Bogumil Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814

{his daughter Konstancja Salomea Jozefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819},
and the daughter - Kunegunda Szembek nee Walewska, born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Jozef Szembek, 1740-1835, MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793,
with son
Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdansk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier.

Wincenty Walewski 1785-1820 + Konstancja Salomea Jozefa Walewska, 1791-1843,
had a son
Mikolaj Jozef Daniel Colonna-Walewski, Count, 1813-1869 + Tekla Maslowska, 1818-1879,
and grandson
Wincenty Colonna-Walewski, Count, 1841-1896 {see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA and my family in this small village}.

See more on PSARSKI:

Parents of Jozef SULIMIERSKI [b. ca 1730 ?], the owner of Lubiec, and Kuznica, close to Wola Pszczolecka:
Michal Sulimierski [born ca 1705 ?] [son of Marianna Stokowska + SULIMIERSKI Sebastian {born ca 1675}] died ca 1780, and unknown wife

[Michal Sulimierski, who died in ca 1780, bought Lubiec with Kuznica near Lubiec, south-east of Wola Pszczolecka in 1745, and also bought Wola Pszczolecka, m. to Elzbieta Miniszewska, 2nd to Katarzyna Szczepanska - Swiatkowska; 3rd - ? - to Jadwiga JAROSZEWSKA.

Tomasz Psarski born ca 1730, had daughter Marianna Psarski born ca 1755 - the owner of Wola Dzierlinska, m. Mikolaj Sulimierski born ca 1730, the son of mentioned above
Michal Sulimierski born ca 1705, and Jadwiga Jaroszewska.

Above Tomasz Psarski married to Dorota Kiedrzynska, the daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski, she was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski; Tomasz Psarski was 2nd voto Franciszka Rupniewska died 1826. Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Jozef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809].

Tomasz Psarski born ca 1730 / 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son Antoni Psarski born in 1770.

TOMASZ Psarski (ca 1730/1740 - died after 1770 / in 1807), son of
Mikolaj Psarski born ca 1690, and Teresa Skrzynska Psarska;
the official in Nowogrodek, in 1786 owned Wola Dzierlinska; 1st married to Dorota Kiedrzynska (b. ca 1740 - died 1784), daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski.

PSARSKI ALEKSANDER MAREK died ca 1726, m. Marianna
with:
A.
MIKOLAJ Psarski died 1762 (branch of Tomasz Psarski married Kiedrzynska) m. Teresa Skrzynska [see below];
B.
FRANCISZEK KSAWERY 1691 - 1772, the owner of Cieszanowice, Poradzew, Gawlowice, part of Biala, Unikow, Myslniew, Szklarka and m. Teresa Silnicka / Sielnicka in 1726. Teresa Sielnicka b. 1700.

Above FRANCISZEK KSAWERY Psarski b. 1691, had children:

1. Marianna b. ca 1740, m. Jan Nepomucen Kosma Damian Adam Olszowski b. 1733 in Baranow;
2. Wojciech Stefan Psarski owner of Szklarka, m. Marianna / Magdalena Walewska;
3. Jadwiga 1740-1808 m. Ludwik Bylina, son of Anna nee Madalinski;
4. Jan Kanty Psarski owner of Wielgie and DYMKI, m. Teodora / Honorata Pstrokonska b. 1730,
with
a. Tomasz m. Jablkowska;
b. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 m. Jakub Madalinski, 1775-1833;

5. Jakub Fryderyk PSARSKI, born ca 1730, d. 1805, owner of Myslniew close to Ostrzeszow;

6. Konstancja Psarska m. in 1784, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski d. ca 1805, owner of Wola Wiazowa ! - son of Franciszek WALEWSKI.

Above TOMASZ Psarski (born ca 1730 - 1807), was the son of above named Mikolaj Psarski owner of Zielonczyn and Teresa Skrzynska, in 1786 owner of Wola Dzierlinska. Tomasz married to Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski, she was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski; Tomasz Psarski was 2nd voto Franciszka Rupniewska died 1826.

Above

Antoni Jablonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Lukasinski; In 1825, Antoni Jablonowski negotiated with the Decembrists. After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
About 1810 Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech / Paulina MNISZECH, the daughter of
Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch.

Their daughter Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Korwin-Krasinski, an officer of the November Uprising.

Note to mentioned
Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch, b. 1742:

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of
Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech
[wife of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszech born 1742, the son of Jan Karol Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin- Mniszech 1722-1771, the daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]
and Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Remember:

Jean Luc Louis de Toux de Salvert / SALVERTE co-operated with Jan Karol Mniszech (1716 - 1759), in 1742 in WISNIOWIEC by the Horyn river. Both were the FREEMASONS.

We back to WALEWSKI:

Jozefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851; she was wife of Adam Walewski, and Jan Witt, Count; copyright by Leszek Mila. Adam Walewski + Jozefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), the daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska.

We back to KALINOWSKI:

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760
with children:
1. Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski, the General of Polish Army, b. after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790.
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski, b. 1784 d. 1831, had son Wladyslaw Kalinowski.

Children of mentioned count Jozef Kalinowski:
1. Seweryna Kalinowska, b. 1814 d. 1852,
2. Jozefina Kalinowska married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844;
3. Olga Kalinowska, born 1822, died 7 April 1899 in Retow;
4. M. Kalinowska (Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki
was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course (see the Konstantynowiczs in Estonia and TRUBECKI in Tallinn)!

Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Trubetsky / Gregori Trubiacki / Grzegorz Trubecki was a Prince of the Troubetzkoy family. He married above MARIA Kalinowska (lived in St Petersburg to 1840, then in Cracow).

Grigory / Grzegorz Trubecki was the son of
Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy / Prince Petr Nikolaevich Troubetskoy born 18 November 1773 and died 16 November 1801 and Nadezhda Ivanovna Pestov / nee Pestova born 1793.

Above Prince Petr Nikolaevich TROUBETSKOY, b. 1773 and d. 1801 had parents:
mother Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Czerkasskaja / Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Tcherkassky, and
her husband Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj, b. 1744 and d. 1820 / 1821, writer, who was the son of
Prince Nikita Yurievich TROUBETSKOY (1699 - 1767, for 3 years as head of the Military Board with the rank of Field Marshal General).

We back to MNISZECH:

Teresa Lubomirska (Mniszech) (1694/1697 - 1746) was the daughter of
Jozef Wandalin Antoni Mniszech, b. 1670, and Pss ELEONORA OGINSKA.

And the granddaughter of Jerzy Jan / Jerzy Mniszech, b. ca 1645, and Anna Chodkiewicz.

Mentioned Teresa Mniszech (1694-1746) married Jan Franciszek Stadnicki; after 1717 she was married 2nd to Jozef Lubomirski.

Jan Franciszek Stadnicki of Zmigrod, 1656 - 1713 in Krasnystaw, was the son of Wiktoryn Stadnicki and Teresa Tomislawski.

Jan Franciszek Stadnicki was the brother of Jozef Antoni Stadnicki, died in 1736;
Jozef Antoni Stadnicki had a son Jan Jozef Stadnicki who married 3 times, with the son Michal Jan Stadnicki.

We know also on:
Jan Stadnicki, b. 1636, married Katarzyna Kowieska.
ANTONI STADNICKI, the official in Ostrzeszow, Czernihow, and Wyszogrod, the owner of Kobyle; Roznow; Zbyszyce;
named Zbyszyce - south to ROZNOW - north to Nowy Sacz [1772 in Austria].
Antoni's father -
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki [Wladyslaw Stadnicki had 2 brothers: 1668-1745 and 1671-1721] b. ca 1670 - 1737; he was the son of
Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Kowieska.
Jan's father:
Piotr Stadnicki, b. 1598, died in 1636, and Elzbieta Jordan b. ca 1610
- Elzbieta Stadnicki of Lichwin, was married 3 times. Jordan was the owner of Zakliczyn.

Jozef Wandalin Mniszech b. 1670, m. 2nd to Konstancja Tarlo, with 4 children:
Jerzy August Mniszech (1715-1778),
Jan Karol Mniszech (1716-1759),
Elzbieta Mniszech d. 1746, m. Karol Wielopolski,
and Ludwika Mniszech (1712-1785), m. Jozef Potocki.

Jozef Potocki b. 1673, d. 1751, married also to Wiktoria Leszczynska, with:
Zofia Potocka, and
Stanislaw Potocki.

Named here Stanislaw Potocki (1698 - 1760),
had a son
Jozef Potocki (1735 - 1802),
and the grandsons:
Jan Potocki, writer;
Seweryn Potocki.

Seweryn Potocki, b. 1762 in Kurylowka, died in 1829, MP, Senator, the secret counselor and member of the Council of State of the Russian Empire, curator of the Kharkiv University, Freemason of the IZIS Lodge, a Maltese bachelor in 1811.

Note to named the WALEWSKI family and on SARYUSZ ZAMOYSKI.

Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Laszowska with son

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI, 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wezyk, d. 1792 - owner of Kalinowa and Ligota, 1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wezyk.

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI had children:

A. Michal Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krzeslow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA and my family), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,

C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolinska, the daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckoronska.

D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Wozniki, Swierzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kreska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karsnicka.

Karol Walewski died ca 1757, had the brother Wojciech Walewski died in 1757.

Wojciech Walewski had the son Ludwik Mikolaj Walewski b. 1754.

Ludwik Mikolaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow, the daughter of
Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzecka
- she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Swierzyny, to Mikolaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771.

Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, married Brygida Galecka, daughter of Franciszek GALECKI and Ludwika Poniatowska.

BRYGIDA married 2nd to Jan Radolinski; she come from the family of the King Poniatowski - Ludwika nee Poniatowska / Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) as "Luds" was the sister of King. Brygida Walewski was born ca 1745 to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764 ? - 1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Jozef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.

Jozef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of
Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski.

Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1747 ? or circa 1764/1766-1821).

Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew, married Petronela Radolinski.

Kazimierz Bleszynski 1703 - 1757, who married Teresa Jordan had mentioned above the son Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813).

Ignacy was half brother of Wojciech Ludwik Jordan and Konstancja Urszula Walewska.

Petronela RADOLINSKA who died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of above Kazimierz and Teresa Struss;
Ignacy was the owner of Zloczow and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczow, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska.
See: Wola Pszczolecka.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca ca 1747 / 1764-1821), was the daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida GALECKA or Maria Brygida Galecki;

Petronella / Petronela was the granddaughter of Jozef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 who was also father of Jozef Stanislaw Radolinski

[Jozef Stanislaw Radolinski 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogora, the Szamotuly County, father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer]

and remember that Jozef Stefan Radolinski was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 / 1678 - 1723 who m. Kazimierz Walewski.

Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of Urszula Maria Mniszech

[wife of Michal Jerzy Mniszech born 1742, son of Jan Karol Mniszech and Katarzyna Wandalin-Mniszech 1722- 1771 / Katarzyna ZAMOYSKA, the daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski]

and the mother of mentioned Brygida Galecka / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka {but with a different partner}.

Brygida Walewski was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska.

Ludwika Poniatowska died after 1757 {d. in 1781} + Franciszek Galecki officiel in Wielun, had also son Ignacy {GALECKI} born before 1740? or acc. to me 1745/1746.

Michal Zamoyski b. 1690 or acc. to me: born ca 1679, and Konstancja Zamoyska nee Rozen / ROZAN ? - that is
Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski, the 6th landlord of ZAMOSC, b. ca 1679 or after 1679, died 1735 in Zamosc;
he married three times;
3rd time to unknown with two daughters born ca 1723 / 1730 {Marianna Zamoyska / Marjanna nee Zamoyska - KIEDRZYNSKA - REMBOWSKA, inf. in 1775 }
and the second daughter after 1723.

Above Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski was also the father of
Ludwina Wielhorska;
Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski;
mentioned Jan Jakub Zamoyski;
Andrzej Zamoyski, Count;
Helena Potocka;
Teresa Anna Hutten-Czapska, and
Katarzyna Mniszech born 1722, married Jan Karol Mniszech 1716-1759, General.

Named above
Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki,
the son of Konstanty Krzysztof Wisniowiecki,
the grandson of Janusz Wisniowiecki (1599 - 1636);
the great-grandson of Konstanty Wisniowiecki (1564 - 1641).

The great-great-grandson of Konstanty Wisniowiecki d. 1574 - prince.

After death of Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki in 1744 Wisniowiec was taken by Katarzyna Zamoyska to hands of Jan Karol Mniszech.

Michal Serwacy Wisniowiecki, the son of Konstanty Krzysztof Wisniowiecki, the grandson of Janusz Wisniowiecki (1599-1636).

In Wisniowiec was staying twice the King, Stanislaw August Poniatowski: in 1781, meeting with Duke Pawel, then Pawel I, Tsar of Russia / Paul I.
And in 1787 at way to Kaniow.

Mentioned De Toux de Salverte stayed for some time in Bavaria [1745-1748], where he organized the Masons lodges, then he went to Poland and settled in Podhorce [RZEWUSKI], at the court of Waclaw Rzewuski. SALVERTE took over the position of the tutor of his sons.

Dukla:

In 1710, the indebted Mecinski sold his half of Dukla to Jozef Wandalin Mniszch - the marshal of the great crown Court, and the governor of Cracow / Krakow. Mniszech became the owners of all Dukla.

In 1742, Jerzy August Mniszech became the heir of Dukla. In 1750, he married Maria Amalia Bruhl - a daughter of Henryk Bruhl, omnipotent minister of the treasury of Poland and Saxony, at the court of King Augustus III.

Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, in 1749, with Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778), established new Masonic Lodge.

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), was the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699);
Louis Le Fort, was born in Strasbourg, Alsace, France [de ROHAN];

LOUIS LEFORT - the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA - was the son of Caroline von Falkenhayn LE FORT + Pierre Frederic Le Fort, born in 1716, FREEMASON, chevalier de l'Ordre militaire;
the grandson of Jean Le Fort, chevalier de l'Ordre de Saint-Alexandre Niefsky / the Order of St Alexandre NEVSKY, 1685-1739.

CONSPIRATORS in Belarus:

We look on Alina Aleksandra Beydo-Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska MONIUSZKO + ca 1830 to Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 - with a daughter
Paulina MONIUSZKO, 1831-1903 + Leon Wankowicz b. 1831.

Alina's great-grandparents:

Waclaw Rzewuski 1705-1779 SENIOR [see Freemasons];
Michal Kazimierz Radziwill 1702-1762;
Antoni Jerzy Rdultowski;
Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski 1737-1786;
Anna Lubomirska 1717-1763;
Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753;
Justyna Chlusewicz;
Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.

The son of named above WACLAW Rzewuski 1705-1779, senior:
Seweryn RZEWUSKI, General major in 1760, 1743-1811 + Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska.

Mentioned Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka RADZIWILL, 1705-1753, was the daughter of
Janusz Antoni Wisniowiecki;
the granddaughter of
Konstanty Krzysztof Korybut-Wisniowiecki born in 1635;
the great-granddaughter of Duke Janusz Wisniowiecki, b. 1599;
the great-great-granddaughter of Konstanty Wisniowiecki, b. 1564 - see also above.

WISNIOWIEC:

In Poland, the first lodge was established in Wisniowiec in 1742. This lodge included Konstanty Jablonski, Michal Oginski / Michal Kleofas Oginski, Fryderyk August Moszynski, Michal Wielhorski and Andrzej Mokronowski. Seven years later, on the initiative of court royal marshal, Jerzy August Mniszch, the second lodge was established, in Dukla.

In 1742 a Masonic Lodge in Wisniowiec was founded by the Lithuanian Grand Chamberlain GENERAL Jan Karol Mniszech.

Note to Jan Karol Mniszech - b. 1716, d. 1759,
the son of Jozef Wandalin Mniszech b. 1670, d. 1747, Marshal, and
Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778), Marshal, was also the son of mentioned Jozef Mniszech (1670- 1747).

Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, 1749, acted together with Jerzy August Mniszech (1715 - 1778). Crown court marshal Jerzy August Mniszech, with the help of baron Pierre Le Fort, who was exiled from Russia, founded in Dukla in 1749 a second Lodge in which the same English ritual symbolics were as in the first one.

Note to WISNIOWIEC and Michal Kleofas Oginski:

Now we look at Szymon Karol / Symeon Oginski b. ca 1621, died 1699, who was also brother of JAN Oginski (1619 - 1684);

Szymon was father of Zofia Oginska;
Boguslaw Oginski Duke;
Marcin Michal OGINSKI [see !] Duke, 1672 - 1750 / Marcjan Michal Oginski;
Krystyna Tyszkiewicz;
Eleonora; Jurgis Oginskis and Aleksander Oginski.

And the branch of Andrzej Ignacy Joachim Jozafat Oginski b. 1740 in Tadulin, the Vicebsk / Witebsk province, died 1787 in Guzow, the Marshal under Andrzej Mokronowski in 1776,
son of Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski b. 1712 and Izabella Radziwill (Tadeusz had 2nd wife Jadwiga Zaluska).

Andrzej Oginski married Paula Szembek, with the son Michal Kleofas Oginski!

Above Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski, 1712 - 1783 in Molodeczno, was son of above
Marcjan Michal Oginski (1672 - 1750) + Teresa Brzostowska.

Tadeusz's children:
above Andrzej Ignacy Oginski, and
Franciszek Ksawery Oginski.

Above MARCJAN Marcin Michal Oginski, 1672 - 1750, m. to Teresa Brzostowski, then 2nd to Teresa Tyzenhaus; 3rd Krystyna Abramowicz; 4th Tekla Anna Larska.

In Poland, the first lodge was established in Wisniowiec in 1742. This lodge included Michal Oginski, Fryderyk August Moszynski, Michal Wielhorski and Andrzej Mokronowski.
The second Lodge by Baron Pierre Le Fort ie. Pierre Lefort in DUKLA, 1749, of Jerzy August Wandalin Mniszech (1715 - 1778).

Now on ROHAN and Malta:

Emmanuel Marie-des-Neiges de Rohan Polduc, Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (1725 - 1797), born in Spain, d. in Valletta.

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762, and they back to Malta. Cagliostro again visited Malta after trips to North Africa and Europe, where new Grand Master de ROHAN-POLDUC, grant him a chivalrous dignity.

ROHAN-POLDUC branch come from the Rohan-Gue-de-l'Isle branch and of Rohan eldest branch; from Rohan eldest branch come Rohan-GUEMENE and from Guemene line come 1. Rohan-Rochefort and 2. Rochan-Soubise.

MALTA:

Manuel Pinto da Fonseca, b. 1681, d. 1773, was the 68th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1741, and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, 1741 - 1773; he was known as ALTHOTAS.

His foster child was Claude Charles DE DAMAS DE MARILLAC, Vicomte DE DAMAS DE MARILLAC, 1731- 1800.

Manuel Pinto da Fonseca was a friend of Cagliostro. He met Balsamo-Cagliostro in MESSINA.

Malta, Naples / Napoli and Cagliostro:

Manuel Pinto da Fonseca, b. 1681, d. 1773, the friend of Cagliostro. Malta was visited in 1754 by unknown chemist. Swedish naturalist - Pehr Forsskal, 1732-1763, visited Malta in 1761. In 1762-1766, Cagliostro in Malta in the Pinto's laboratory. Acc. to Freller.

Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1741, was considered by Count Cagliostro as a true Illuminati.

Cagliostro with Althotas, the member of the Knights of St. John, visited Turkey in 1762.

Next Grand Masters:

Francisco Ximenes de Texada, Aragon, in 1773-1775.

Emmanuel Marie de Rohan-Polduc / Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, Grand Master in 1775 - 1797.

Emmanuel Rohan born 1725 in Spain;

De Rohan in 1797, established the Russian Grand Priory, which later evolved into the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller.
Come from BRETANIA. Around 1500 as Rohan-Gue-de-l'Isle. Named after the land of Pouldu near Pontivy (now common Saint-Jean- Brevelay).
His great character is Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, Grand Master of the Order of Malta from 1775 to 1797.
Branch extinct in 1800.

Branch of Rohan - Polduc come from John II of Rohan-Gue-de-l'Isle, d. 1517.

Jean-Baptiste I de Rohan-Polduc d. 1711, m. Pelagie Martin, dame de Chateaulin,
with the son
Jean-Baptiste II de Rohan-Polduc d. 1755, m. Marie Louise de Velthoven
and grandson
Jean-Baptiste de Rohan-Polduc b. 1724;
his sister was Marie Pelagie de Rohan-Polduc (1724-1753), the wife of (1737) Francois de Groesquer, comte de Groesquer and
his brother was
Emmanuel Marie-des-Neiges de Rohan-Polduc (b. 1725 - d. 1797 in Valletta; ambassador, general of the galleys, bailiff of Justice, general of the land and naval forces, Knight of Malta, grand master of the order of the Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem.


Amazing but true. In 1955, Soviet communists established in Poland the first counterintelligence hearing installation for my family.
The monitoring was carried out by a woman brought down from the village of Leszno near Przasnysz. The village Leszno is situated near Krasne.

Krasne was the property of the Krasinski family.
Among others bishop Adam Krasinski from Kamieniec Podolski. Bishop Krasinski was there in 1767; he and Carsten Niebur.

Bishop was in friendly social relations with the Stadnicki family, and Grabianka - the Illuminati.

Niebuhr returned from India, but he was in Malta in 1761.
After him, in 1762, here was Cagliostro - Illuminati in Malta.
Pinto, head of the Maltese Order, was also Illuminati and was in Malta from 1741.

Mentioned above woman from Leszno near Krasne and Przasnysz is one neighbor-family group with a young lawyer from the Internal Security Agency in Poland, which led another eavesdropping installation, around the next apartment of my family, but not in 1955, only after 2001.
Previously ie. 1983-2000, above flat for Security Services, and monitoring, was registered on a name of a resident in Chocen near Wloclawek, near to Wieniec and Bedkow - assets taken over by Leopold Kronenberg. Leopold Kronenberg was the creator of the assimilation ideology among national minorities in the 70s of the 19th century.

The Kronenberg family was very friendly with The Krasinskis.
And now we have a branch:
Brzezno, Wieniec and Bedkow - to the Krasinskis of Przasnysz - Krasne, for 40 years until the end of the 19th century.

The Roman noble family lived in the Krasinski circle - it was Zbigniew Brzezinski's mother.

Brzezno, Wieniec and Bedkow are near Brzesc Kujawski, Wloclawek, Chocen and Kowal - here there is a strong communist underground in the Polish counterintelligence apparatus and near me in 1981 - 2014.
They are supplemented by a similar group from Opoczno - Przysucha - Mariowka.
And a group of Suwalki - Raczki - Olecko.

From the Wloclawek and from Przasnysz to Mlawa, came the Szymanowskis and Wolowski - Brzezinski families - and the Roman clan connected with family Chosciak-Popiel / Popiel - Woroniecki - Krasinski.
These families lived near Przasnysz and near Rozan. Rozan was the residence of Bronislaw Geremek in the 2nd half of the 20th century.

To this whole puzzle dating back to 1767 and Niebuhr in Kamieniec Podolski, and ended in 2019, let's add the family Kiedrzynski, which was bound by ties of PSARSKI - MADALINSKI - WALKNOWSKI - PRADZYNSKI.

At the beginning on Strzegowa close to KALISZ:
Gostyczyna - 4 km east to STRZEGOWA! Strzegowa - 14 km south-west to KALISZ.

And now about Grabienice Wielkie -
7 km south-east to Mdzewo. 23 km north-west to CIECHANOW; north to Glinojeck; south to Mlawa;
43 km west to PRZASNYSZ.

Note to Przasnysz and WORONIECKI:
Zdziwoj / Zdziwoj Nowy - the village in the Przasnysz county; in Chorzele community. 40 km north-east to MLAWA.

Duke Michal Feliks Woroniecki, the owner of Zdziwoj in ex-governorate of PLOCK, b. 1832, d. 1911 in Przasnysz.
Son of Kalikst Woroniecki who was from the Austrian Galicia
[b. 1795 in LWOW; the owner of Glinki
(Stare Glinki - 4 km south-east of SYPNIEWO;
14 km north of ROZAN {see Bronislaw Geremek};
34 km east of PRZASNYSZ {see the ROMAN family of Zbigniew Brzezinski}. Sypniewo - 18 km north of ROZAN !);

{it was the old park of Woroniecki in Glinki Stare until 1939}.
Duke Woroniecki was the Lieutenant.
The title of Duke to Woroniecki in the Kingdom of Poland in 1821]

and Aniela Babka GOSTOMSKA [a line to KOMIEROWSKI] Woroniecka [born 1801; marriage in 1817 ?].

Michal Woroniecki - he was the husband of Eufemia ZIELINSKA, Woroniecka b. ca 1840,
the daughter of Antoni Tymoteusz Zielinski b. 1792, and
Anastazja PSARSKA b. 1810 - the daughter of
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski b. 1766, the granddaughter of
Wladyslaw Psarski b. after 1725;
the great-granddaughter of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski, 1691 - 1772 in Myslniew, the Ostrzeszow County, Greater Poland. Burial in Ostrzeszow.
Son of Aleksander Psarski, b. ca 1650.

Above Kalikst Woroniecki, the owner of Glinki,
was the son of Andrzej Woroniecki, b. 1750 in LWOW. Andrzej, b. 1750, d. 1819,
was the MALTESE Order member - Andrzej Woroniecki was the landlord of Chutkow; Pilzno; Jablonow; Horosza and Dzwonow; the Royal court official,

and Andrzej was the son of WOJCIECH Woroniecki, b. ca 1710.

Note to above Franciszek Ksawery Psarski [see my domain]:

PSARSKI ALEKSANDER MAREK died ca 1726, m. Marianna with sons:

A. MIKOLAJ Psarski died 1762 (the branch of Tomasz Psarski married Kiedrzynska) m. Teresa Skrzynska [see below];

B. FRANCISZEK KSAWERY 1691 - 1772, owner of Cieszanowice, Poradzew, Gawlowice, part of Biala, Unikow, Myslniew close to OSTRZESZOW; and of Szklarka; and m. Teresa Silnicka / Sielnicka in 1726. Teresa Sielnicka b. 1700.

Above FRANCISZEK KSAWERY Psarski b. 1691, had children:

1. Marianna Psarska b. ca 1740, m. Jan Nepomucen Kosma Damian Adam Olszowski b. 1733 in Baranow close to WIERUSZOW;
2. Wojciech Stefan Psarski owner of Szklarka, m. Marianna / Magdalena Walewska;
3. Jadwiga 1740-1808 m. Ludwik Bylina, son of Anna nee Madalinski;
4. Jan Kanty Psarski owner of Wielgie and DYMKI [in Dymki also Kiedrzynski], m. Teodora / Honorata Pstrokonska b. 1730, with
a. Tomasz Psarski, junior, m. Jablkowska;
b. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 m. Jakub Madalinski 1775-1833

[Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].
Above Jozef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).
Jozef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki, had children:
a) Kunegunda Madalinska, b. ca 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784;
b) Sebastian Fabian MADALINSKI.

Jozef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774 had brother Jakub Hiacynt MADALINSKI born 1775, m. Honorata Psarska died ca 1820, with daughter Anna b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Jozef Julian Walewski the son of Andrzej Walewski, the owner of Wola Balucka, 2nd time married to Jan Kanty Psarski, landowner of Wielgie];

5. Jakub Fryderyk PSARSKI, born ca 1730, d. 1805, owner of Myslniew close to Ostrzeszow;
6. Konstancja Psarska m. in 1784, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski d. ca 1805, owner of Wola Wiazowa !
- son of Franciszek.
7. Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725.

Above TOMASZ Psarski (born - ? - ca 1730-1807), was son of Mikolaj Psarski owner of Zielonczyn and Teresa Skrzynska, in 1786 owner of Wola Dzierlinska.
Tomasz Psarski married to Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski, she was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski;
Tomasz Psarski was 2nd voto Franciszka Rupniewska died 1826.
Dorota Kiedrzynska Psarska m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Jozef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.
Tomasz Psarski had daughter Marianna Psarski owner of Wola Dzierlinska, m. Mikolaj Sulimierski son of Michal Sulimierski [the Sulimierskis were owners of Wola Pszczolecka] and Jadwiga Jaroszewska.

Note to the PSARSKI family:

Saul ben Jakub, 1807 - ?, banker, came from a poor Jewish family from Wieruszow [see Madalinski and Kiedrzynski]. In 1825 he converted to Catholicism and married a daughter of a banker and industrialist Maurice Koniar; since 1825 he ran a lottery; he was a co-agent of the Polish government, a supplier of raw materials to the government, and in 1849-1862 he was a lottery agent in the Kingdom of Poland.
JAKUB SAUL was a descendant of the francists
and Adam Wolowski, director of the mint, since 1855, was his business associate.

Above Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint;
that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
his children:
1.
Wladyslaw Jozef Ludwik WOLOWSKI, 1829-1895 + Jozefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875;
with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel Wolowski, 1856-1900 m.
1st Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891,
2nd to Pss Stefania Woroniecka 1860-1925.

Her great-grandparents:

DUKE Andrzej Woroniecki;
Pawel Gostomski 1760-1825;
Hieronim Zielinski of NUR;
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski 1766-1851;
Magdalena Gruszecka; Aniela Szydlowska; Teresa Ciemniewska;
Lucja Czekulin, 1775-1863.

See:
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) m. Lucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863).
He was the son of Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska, lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun).

Grandson of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691
[Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biala, 14 km north-west of Wielun], died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Gora parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow];
married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700

[his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 -
see the Lech Kaczynski branch.

Remember about Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka / SIELNICKA / Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian.

This is Kunow / Kunowo, 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis.

See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn;
Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo;
Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County];

his son Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun.

Compare - Kiedrzynski near Wielun, WORONIECKI and genealogy of Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI !

Marianna Psarska, b. ca 1730 [1740 ?] - died in 1764, the daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski, 1691-1772 and Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1700; Marianna m. to Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733, d. 1784 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch;
they had son Maksymilian Olszowski b. ca 1760 / 1763, d. 1814 in Wólka Krzykowska in the Chorzecin parish + Magdalena Górecka b. ca 1760, with children:
Tomasz Ksawery Olszowski;
Szymon Jakub OLSZOWSKI 1798-1882 + Agnieszka Gurbska b. ca 1810-1860
[with daughter Julia Emilia Magdalena Olszowska born 1827 + Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski
{Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski born ca 1821, son of Antoni Dunin-Brzezinski, 1780-1848 and Karolina Leszczynska 1782-1874}];
Jan Chrzciciel Olszowski, b. 1802 {the same generation like Mikolaj Kaczynski b. 1767}.

Daughter of above Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski was Jadwiga Dunin-Brzezinska b. ca 1860, married Stanislaw Jasiewicz,
with son Aleksander Jasiewicz m. Stefania Szydlowska;
and granddaughter Jadwiga Jasiewicz b. 1926.

2. Felicja Zofia Wolowska 1832-1906 + Count Bronislaw Juliusz Edmund Lasocki, a judge in Mlawa, 1828-1912;

3. Stanislaw Wolowski 1834-1892 + Maria Rawicz 1840-1922.

Mentioned Adam Ernest Wolowski born ca 1798 was the son of
Adam Zachariasz Wolowski, 1770 - before 1833, who was married in 1795, Warszawa, to Teresa Zalewska, 1777 - 1855;
they had daughter Emilia Teofila Zalewska (born Wolowska), and the son
Adam Ernest WOLOWSKI, 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska 1796-1863.

See - Adam Alfons Wolowski, 1799 - 1861 - Warszawa, parents:
Ludwik WOLOWSKI, b. ca 1764 - died in 1832 in Warsaw, and Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. ca 1771 - d. 1837 - Warszawa.

Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. 1770/1771, was the daughter of Jozef LANCKORONSKI and Klara.
LUDWIK WOLOWSKI m. in 1786, Warszawa.

TADEUSZ BRZEZINSKI was the father of Zbigniew Brzezinski:
Diplomat, Tadeusz Brzezinski, and Leonia nee Roman married Brzezinski, helped Jews escape Nazi Germany.
TADEUSZ's father - Kazimierz Brzezinski junior b. 1866 in Zólkiew,
was son of Kazimierz Brzezinski senior and Zuzanna Mayer.

The genealogy of above mentioned Kazimierz Brzezinski senior:

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska, nee Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of
Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska.

FILIPINA Brzezinska was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law).

Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of
Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer.
Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850?

Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Jozef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland:
Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins:
Celina Szymanowska (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz,
and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer;

children remained with Maria after her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce. Jozef Szymanowski died in 1832. Jozef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780,
Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here
Jozef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.

Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [? - Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 ! - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

General Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko / Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko was brother to
Jozef Tomasz Kosciuszko;
Katarzyna Zolkowska
and Anna Estka / Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka.

Above Jozef Tomasz Kosciuszko, 1743 - 1789, married to Burniewicz, and was father of
Aleksander Kosciuszko.

Aleksander KOSCIUSZKO had the daughter Antonina Traugutt / Antonina Kosciuszko, married 1st to Romuald Traugutt b. 1826, the commander of the 1863 Uprising;
m. 2nd to Franciszek Mickiewicz b. ?, son of
Aleksander Julian Mickiewicz.

Aleksander Julian Mickiewicz, b. 1801 in Nowogródek, was brother of famous Adam Mickiewicz!

Adam MICKIEWICZ married Celina Szymanowska, daughter of mentioned above Jozef Szymanowski and Maria Agata Wolowska - Szymanowska / Maria Szymanowska / MARIANNA WOLOWSKA, famous composer.

Above Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Jozef Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780. Named above Jozef Szymanowski m. 2nd to Elzbieta Mlodzianowska with daughter
Zofia Szymanowska who married Teofil Lenartowicz, poet.

Above mentioned Lt. Colonel Romuald Traugutt (1826 - 1864) was a Polish general, October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection, headed the Polish national government on 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864, and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office; hanged on 5 August 1864.

Kazimierz Brzezinski junior studied in Zloczow, then in Lwow; 1889 back home to Zolkiew; 1894-1897 worked in Zloczow; married in 1894 in Zolkiew or in Zloczow, to
Zofia Woroniecka, daughter of Maksymilian WORONIECKI and Ernestyna Kropaczek.
In 1896 was born son - above mentioned Tadeusz.
Tadeusz Brzezinski in 1928-1931, lived in Lille, then 1931-1935 in Lipsk, 1936 - 1937 in Charkow;
1938, Tadeusz and Leonia b. 1896 in Brzeziny close to Lodz, with sons:
Adam,
Zbigniew Brzezinski,
Lech and
Jerzy Zylinski, moved to New York, and Montreal.

Mentioned above wife of Kazimierz Brzezinski -
Zofia, after death of her husband in 1924 in Przemysl, was living in BORUJA / Broruja / Borui in the Wolsztyn county; d. June 1941, and buried in KROSNO [Laczki Jagiellonskie ?; now in Przemysl];

Laczki Jagiellonskie - village in the Krosno county.

Named above Ernestyna Woroniecka nee Kropaczek, b. ca 1850, was the wife of Maksymilian Woroniecki [born ca 1840; a branch of the Galicia Woroniecki clan from - ?? - Brzezany, Zloczow, Zbaraz], and the mother of Zofia Brzezinska.

Duke Dymitr Wisniowiecki restored the castle in ZBARAZ; after the death of Michal, voivode of Wilno, the last of the dukes Wisniowiecki (died 1774), Zbaraz and estates came under the ownership of the house of Potocki.

Above Zofia Brzezinska nee Woroniecka, maybe come from Wincenty Woroniecki (ca 1780 - 1826), Colonel
[with dauhters
Anna Woroniecka m. 1825 to Zygmunt Piotr Los,
and Ignacja Woroniecka, m. Piotr Stadnicki of Zmigrod],

ie. from Jozef Woroniecki (ca 1807 - 1885, insurrgent of 1830 - 1831, Hungaria in 1848 - 1849, then in Turkey).

Mentioned above Zofia Brzezinska b. circa 1866 / 1870, died 1941 in BORUJA, west border of Poland, buried in Laczki Jagiellonskie, close to Krosno. Mother of Tadeusz Brzezinski and Bogdan Brzezinski. Above Bogdan Brzezinski was the father of Bronislaw Brzezinski b. 1909 in Krematorow, died 1990 in Gora Kalwaria.

Above Kazimierz Brzezinski, Jr. b. 1866 in Zolkiew, died 1924 in Przemysl.

Named Boruja / Boruia / Borui - village in the Wolsztyn county; 1776, Kuznica was owned by Ludwik Mielecki; Boruja Kuznicka was named Boruja Koscielna [Kirchplatz-Borui]; Chobienice and Grojec to Mielzynski family !, Belecin to Mielecki; Wielka Wies owned by Bloch; Tuchorza to Kotwitz / Kottvitz.

In 1830 Maciej Mielzynski of Chobienice [see his genealogy !] was insurrgent of the November Uprising under gen. Chlapowski in Lithuania. In 1848, Chobienice, was the center of Uprising with Jozef Mielzynski (son of Maciej), Ignacy Bobrowski, Jan Adamczak,
Ignacy Szumski,
and landlord of Wroniawa - Stanislaw Plater.
Ca 1900 acted here Maciej Mielzynski [junior] of Chobienice.

Note:
In MIELEC died in 1867 Kazimierz Woroniecki son of above named Maksymilian Woroniecki and Ernestyna Kropaczek;
and in Mielec died in 1870 above Maksymilian Woroniecki.

Woroniecki and GLOBALISATION:

Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint; that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
his son Wladyslaw Jozef Ludwik WOLOWSKI, 1829-1895 + Jozefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875;
with son Adam Franciszek Gabriel Wolowski, 1856-1900 m. 1st Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891,
2nd to Pss Stefania Woroniecka 1860-1925.

STEFANIA WORONIECKA's parents:
Michal Feliks Woroniecki Duke, 1832-1911 + Eufemia Zielinska.

Grandparents:
Kalikst Woroniecki, 1795-1879;
Aniela Gostomska 1801-1856;
Antoni Tymoteusz Zielinski 1792-1870;
Anastazja Psarska b. 1810.

Stefania Wolowska Woroniecka's great-grandfather:
DUKE Andrzej Woroniecki, the Maltanese Order, b. 1750 in LWOW
{he was died 1819,
son of Wojciech Woroniecki b. ca 1710 and Ludwika CZECHOWSKA / Cieszkowski?

Above Wojciech was son of
Stanislaw Woroniecki b. ca 1670, and grandson of
Michal Woroniecki Duke b. ca 1630 and Konstancja STEMPKOWSKI,
the great-grandson of
MATEUSZ MACIEJ Woroniecki b. ca 1580, d. 1613, and Nastazja HULEWICZ}.

ANDRZEJ's son - mentioned above Kalikst Woroniecki, born in 1795 in LWOW - died in 1879 in LWOW, maybe lived in Zbaraz, but then in Glinki Stare close to Przasnysz and Rozan.
KALIKST Woroniecki was the owner of GLINKI Stare close to SYPNIEWO, in 1817. Lieutenant; 1821 Duke in Russia.

GLINKI STARE - to 1817 owned by Gostomski, with villages: Ruz / Rozanica 1 km to Sypniewo, close to Glinki Stare;
Sadykiewicze; Ziemiaki / ZIEMAKI, 2 km north of GLINKI Stare.

Kalikst Korybut Woroniecki (1795-1879) married Aniela Gostomska, daughter of the owner of Glinki Stare.

The grandson of Kalikst, and son of Boleslaw Woroniecki (1829-1912) + Maria Zielinska (1844-1869) was
Marian Andrzej Korybut Woroniecki (1865-1942) m. Zofia Aleksandra, owners of Glinki Stare ca 1920.

Owners of Glinki Stare: Stefan Woroniecki and his brother Stanislaw.

Stare Glinki - 4 km south-east of SYPNIEWO; 14 km north of ROZAN {see Bronislaw Geremek};
34 km east of PRZASNYSZ {see the ROMAN family of Zbigniew Brzezinski}.

Sypniewo - 18 km north of ROZAN !

DUKE Andrzej Woroniecki's {b. 1750 in LWOW, lived in Glinki Stare north of ROZAN} grandchildren:

1. Wladyslaw Feliks Woroniecki b. 1828;
2. Boleslaw Stanislaw Zygmunt Woroniecki born 1829 in GLINKI - d. 1912, m. Marianna Jadwiga Zielinska, 1842-1869;
3. Bronislawa Woroniecka 1830-1861;
4. Bronislaw Woroniecki Duke, 1830-1866;
5. Michal Feliks Woroniecki 1832-1911 + Eufemia Zielinska;
6. Teresa Aniela Jadwiga Woroniecka, 1839-1875;

Stefania Woroniecka Wolowska's great-grandparents:

Pawel Gostomski 1760-1825;
Hieronim Zielinski of NUR;
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski 1766-1851
{son of Wladyslaw Psarski, 1700/1725-1787};
Magdalena Gruszecka;
Aniela Szydlowska;
Teresa Ciemniewska;
Lucja Czekulin, 1775-1863.

See:
above Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) m. Lucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863).
He was the son of Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszow, m. Rozalia Bartochowska, lived in Ruda close to Wielun
(RUDA 6 km south-east to WIELUN, and 12 km north-east to MOKRSKO; see Kiedrzynski and Paszkowski near Wielun).

Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) was
the grandson of
Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691
[Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biala 14 km north-west of Wielun],
died in Myslniew, the Kobyla Gora parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow];
married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700

[his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 -
see the Lech Kaczynski branch.

Remember about Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother),
he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka / SIELNICKA / Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian.

This is Kunow / Kunowo, 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis.

See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn;
Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo;
Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County];

his son named above Wladyslaw Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszow, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun.

Compare - Kiedrzynski near Wielun, WORONIECKI and genealogy of Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI !

And next branch of the Woronieckis:

Michal Jan WORONIECKI, b. 1860 in Bielice, close to Sochaczew + Franciszka Krasinska - close to Zelazowa Wola and north of GUZOW.

Mentioned above Michal Jan WORONIECKI, b. 1860 in Bielice, 10 km north-west-north to GUZOW; south of Zelazowa Wola, south-east to SOCHACZEW - 9 km !
He was the son of Lucjan Grzegorz Eustachy Woroniecki, 1806 - 1875 in Warszawa,
grandson of Antoni Piotr Woroniecki b. ca 1760 - 1835,
great-grandson of Bazyli Woroniecki b. ca 1740 - 1782,
who was the son of Franciszek Michal Woroniecki b. ca 1700, and
grandson of Wladyslaw Woroniecki and Dorota LISIECKA.

In MIELEC died in 1867 Kazimierz Woroniecki son of above named Maksymilian and Ernestyna Kropaczek.

Kazimierz Brzezinski junior studied in Zloczow, then in Lwow; 1889 back home to Zolkiew; 1894-1897 worked in Zloczow; married in 1894 in Zolkiew or in Zloczow, to Zofia Woroniecka daughter of Maksymilian WORONIECKI and Ernestyna Kropaczek. In 1896 was born son - Tadeusz. Tadeusz in 1928-1931 lived in Lille, then 1931-1935 in Lipsk, 1936 - 1937 in Charkow;
1938: Tadeusz and Leonia b. 1896 in Brzeziny close to Lodz, had sons: Adam, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Lech and Jerzy Zylinski, moved to New York, and Montreal.

Mentioned above wife of Kazimierz Brzezinski - Zofia [m. in 1894 in Zolkiew], after death of her husband in 1924 in Przemysl, was living in BORUJA / Broruja / Borui in the Wolsztyn county; d. June 1941, and buried in KROSNO [Laczki Jagiellonskie ?; now in Przemysl]; Laczki Jagiellonskie - village in the Krosno county.

Note to MLAWA:

Wladyslaw Jozef Ludwik Wolowski that is Ludwik Wolowski, Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland [with Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873];
he lived in Chamsk,
close to Biezun [north-east], the Mlawa county [32 km south-west to Mlawa and west of PRZASNYSZ];
b. ca 1829, died in 1895 in Warszawa, son of
Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 and Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
he married in 1851, Warszawa, to Jozefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875,
his family -
Adam Franciszek Gabriel WOLOWSKI, 1856-1900 + Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891.

Above Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 -
parents Adam WOLOWSKI 1770-1833, and Teresa Zalewska.

Above Jozefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875:
her father was Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873 [Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland in 1861; lived in ZBIKOW close to BLONIE];
her half-brother was Waclaw Cyryl Jakub 1821-1886 who married Michalina Naimska, 1833-1918.

Jakub Szymanowski, 1797 - 1873, was the son of
Franciszek Szymanowski and Agata Wolowska; Franciszek was born in 1750, in Warszawa; Agata was born in 1760, in Warszawa.

Jakub Szymanowski had sister Filipina Teofila Brzezinska (born Szymanowska).

Jakub Szymanowski married Anna Zawadzka, born in 1790, with 3 children:
Waclaw Cyryl Jakub Szymanowski and 2 other;
Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married 2nd to Karolina Wolowska, born in 1809, in Pustynia, Galicja [close to Debica], Austria, with one daughter Jozefa Teofila Wolowska (born Szymanowska).

Above
Filipina Teofila Brzezinska (Szymanowska) b. 1800, d. 1886, was a Polish pianist and composer. She was born in Warsaw,
the daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski and Agata Wolowska.
She studied with Charles Mayer and was influenced by her sister-in-law, composer Maria Szymanowska.

FILIPINA SZYMANOWSKA married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794-1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [see below !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

Brzezinska-Szymanowska composed works for both organ and piano. In 1876 she published a collection of short organ preludes. She died in Warsaw.
Mentioned
Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, in 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.

Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer in WARSAW, and his wife - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, b. 1768 / ca 1771 [not in 1780] - 1849 / 1850 {we have inf.: Barbara was the daughter of Teresa LANCKORONSKA and Franciszek Wolowski b. 1740 ?}.

Above Franciszek WOLOWSKI ie. Franciszek Ksawery Wolowski b. in LWOW in 1758, d. 1839,
was also the father to
Joanna BRZEZINSKA, b. 1788 and died in Warsaw in 1871. Joanna married Michal Brzezinski b. 1782.

Brief note to BRZEZINSKI:

Kazimierz Brzezinski junior studied in Zloczow, then in Lwow; 1889 back home to Zolkiew; 1894-1897 worked in Zloczow; married in 1894 in Zolkiew or in Zloczow, to Zofia Woroniecka daughter of Maksymilian WORONIECKI and Ernestyna Kropaczek. In 1896 was born son - Tadeusz Brzezinski.
Tadeusz Brzezinski in 1928-1931, lived in Lille, then 1931-1935 in Lipsk, 1936 - 1937 in Charkow; 1938 in CANADA; Tadeusz and Leonia b. 1896 in Brzeziny close to Lodz, with sons: Adam, Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI, Lech and Jerzy Zylinski, moved to New York, and Montreal.
Mentioned above wife of Kazimierz Brzezinski - Zofia, after death of her husband in 1924 in Przemysl, was living in BORUJA / Broruja / Borui in the Wolsztyn county; d. June 1941, and buried in KROSNO [Laczki Jagiellonskie ?; now in Przemysl]; Laczki Jagiellonskie - village in the Krosno county.
Named above Ernestyna Woroniecka nee Kropaczek, b. ca 1850, was the wife of Maksymilian Woroniecki [born ca 1840; a branch of the Galicia Woroniecki clan from - ?? - Brzezany, Zloczow, Zbaraz], and the mother of Zofia Brzezinska.
In MIELEC died in 1867 Kazimierz Woroniecki, son of above named Maksymilian and Ernestyna Kropaczek; and in Mielec died in 1870 above Maksymilian WORONIECKI.
Mentioned above Zofia Brzezinska b. circa 1866 / 1870, died 1941 in BORUJA, was the mother to Tadeusz Brzezinski and Bogdan Brzezinski.
Above Kazimierz Brzezinski, Jr. b. 1866 in Zolkiew, died 1924 in Przemysl.
Named Boruja / Boruia / Borui - village in the Wolsztyn county.

Diplomat, Tadeusz Brzezinski, and Leonia nee Roman married Brzezinski, helped Jews escape Nazi Germany. TADEUSZ's father - Kazimierz Brzezinski junior b. 1866 in Zólkiew, was son of
Kazimierz Brzezinski senior and Zuzanna Mayer.

The genealogy of above mentioned Kazimierz Brzezinski senior:

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law).
Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia. Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Jozef Szymanowski.
Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Jozef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.

Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children.

Named above Barbara Lanckronska:

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski / ADAM, 1740-1796, m. Aniela Stadnicka with daughter Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 / 1790 {maybe ca 1780}.

Piotr RADOLINSKI, MP in 1790, 1760-1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.

Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski. Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz, b. 1755 [maybe before 1755]. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer in WARSAW, and his wife - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, b. 1768 / ca 1771 [not in 1780] - 1849 / 1850.

Barbara was sister of:
1. Antoni Jozef Lanckoronski, 1777-1850 who married to above Ewa Mecinska of JEDLNO [see Izydor Kiedrzynski in JEDLNO];
2. Julia Barbara Lanckoronska, 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski;
3. and maybe above Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.

We back to BRZEZINSKI:

Elzbieta Roman born Skapska, was the daughter of Jan Antoni Skapski [born in 1873, in Jazowsko] and Zofia Odrowaz - Pieniazek.
Elzbieta married Jan Roman, b. on November 20th, 1902, in Grzebsk, 18 km north-west to Krzynowloga Mala;
north-east to MLAWA; close to Brzozowo [see ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI].
Jan Roman, 1902 - 1975, had 2 children: Marek Franciszek Roman.
Jan Roman died in Warsaw, was an architect, graduate of the Faculty of Architecture at the Warsaw University of Technology, ca 1927. Buried at the Northern Cemetery in Warsaw. We don't know who was the father of above JAN b. 1902 with the Slepowron coat of arms - maybe Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW, who was married in 1893 in Warsaw, to Janina Wladyslawa Malwina Pelka, 1870-1923.

The Roman family from the Przasnysz county and the neighboring surrounding area:

They were living in Krzynowloga;
Janowiec Koscielny in south Prussia;
Szemplino Czarne - close to Janowo - west of Chorzele, in south Prussia;
others places: Lysakow Drugi [+ Dolega - Zakrzewski family];
from the Lysakowo parish [Mierzanow, Klice, Lekowo,
Lysakowo - 19/20 km west of PRZASNYSZ - in 1868];
Zmijewo-Kuce, 18 km south-east of MLAWA, and west of PRZASNYSZ;
in the Zmijewo Koscielne parish [+ Olszewski and Kolakowski].
At the beginning the Roman family had owned an estates north and south of Przasnysz.

Compare:

LYSAKOWO - 6/7 km north-east to ZMIJEWO. 19/20 km west to PRZASNYSZ.

Zmijewo-Kuce - 6 / 7 km south-west to LYSAKOWO.

Grabienice Wielkie - 18 south-west to named ZMIJEWO-KUCE.

And now we look at

Jakub Kiedrzynski, the judge in KALISZ, and Antoni Psarski on behalf of a teenagers, i.e. the half-siblings of Psarski, inherited the estate in 1792, ie. Strzegowa / STRZEGOWO of Andrzej Grabienski. Gostyczyna - 4 km east to STRZEGOWA! Strzegowa - 14 km south-west to KALISZ.
Kajetan MADALINSKI, the son of Aleksander Madalinski and Walknowska, wrote down in 1772, together with his wife, Dorota Kiedrzynska, the daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, the annuity - will.
Dorota was widowed after 2 husbands - Bartlomiej Grabienski and Tomasz Psarski.
Next annuity in 1773. Kajetan Madalinski was the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow. Together, Kajetan and Dorota Madalinska were owners of Strzegowa, the village of Grabienski. Also they were landowners of Zielecin, her dowry.
Melchior Koszutski leased Zielecin. Kajetan d. 1781/1784; Dorota died 1777/1784 - see Gostyczyna close to Strzegowa.

They had children born in Strzegowa;
Wawrzyniec Jozef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, b. 1774;
Hiacynt Jakub Madalinski b. 1775;
Michal Stanislaw Kostka Madalinski, b. 1776;
Anna, b. ca 1768, d. 1772;
Julianna, b. 1775;
Waleria Jozefa, b. 1778 - see Gostyczyna.

In 1784, Jozef Madalinski; Jakub Madalinski; and Julianna, were under care of Jakub Kiedrzynski, the KALISZ official, together with care of Pawel Wargawski - see KALISZ.
Jozef, Jakub and Julianna were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, and in 1786 named Jakub Kiedrzynski leased mentioned above estates to Sebastian Zablocki.
In 1787, named three children took 7500 zlp from guardian Jan Madalinski, the owner of Bobrowniki.
Jakub Kiedrzynski, the judge in Kalisz, and Antoni Psarski, on behalf of these teenagers (i.e. the half siblings of Antoni Psarski), in 1792, was acknowledged of Andrzej Grabienski, as the heir of Strzegowa, south-west to KALISZ.
Of them, Jozef Madalinski, the captain of the Polish army in 1809, was the husband of Julianna Bogdanska, Kiedrzynska, who died in Orpiszewo in 1809 - see Lutynia.
Jakub Madalinski was married to Honorata Psarska (acc. to Boniecki).

Compare - GOSTYCZYNA:
Gostyczyna - 4 km east to STRZEGOWA! Strzegowa - 14 km south-west to KALISZ.

Gostyczyna in the 1st half of the 18th century belonged to Szoldrski. Here was the paris church. And Strzegowa was in this parish.
1793, Gostyczyna in Prussia.

Gostyczyna was situated close to Nowe Skalmierzyce, 3 km to the Prosna river; 10/13 km south of KALISZ and ca 30 km north of BOBROWNIKI by the Prosna river.

Ksawery Pstrokonski / Pstrokonski Franciszek Ksawery 1715 - ca 1783 [his mother Konstancja ZAREMBA died in 1753], m. Agnieszka Nieniewska d. 1776, with 2 daughters: Marianna Pstrokonska, and
Wiktoria PSTROKONSKA married Marcin Kiedrzynski, son of Jakub Kiedrzynski and Ewa Gomolinska or Anna Gomolinska [born ca 1680/1700 ?].

Judge Kiedrzynski, Jakub junior, died on 4 Feb. 1798, buried in KALISZ.

Jakub Kiedrzynski - Ostoja, SENIOR, b. 1668, died in 1729.

Interesting reading:
GOMOLINSKI / Gomulinski, JERZY b. ca 1620 ?; m. Anna Lis Starzenska, the daughter of Wojciech, with sons:
1. Marcin Gomolinski, b. ca 1640/1650, inf. 1670 owner of Lubca, Kuznica Lubiecka and part of Wola Pszczolecka; and
2. Mikolaj Gomolinski, died ca 1699, owner of Krzeslow, Kurow, Wypychow, m. Zofia Drozdowska, the daughter of Andrzej Stefan; with Stefan, Marcin, Katarzyna Jelowiecki.

Maybe Ewa Kiedrzynska b. ca 1700, was the daughter of named above Marcin or Mikolaj Gomolinski.

Grabienski:

Monika Grabienska had the brother - Andrzej Grabinski - inf. Kalisz, and Monika in 1787 took 18.000 zlp from the Strzegowa estate. The daughter Faustyna Grabienska m. bef. 1780 to Hipolit Maslowski, the Sieradz official.

Dorota Madalinska was widowed after a death of her two husbands - Bartlomiej Grabienski and Tomasz Psarski.

My error was - Strzegowa - 18 km south-east to Lgota Murowana
This is Strzegowa - 5 km west to Gostyczyna, 10 km south to the core of KALISZ.
Different locality Strzegowa - 25 km south-east to KROCZYCE. In 1795: the Pilica locality was taken by Prussia; Zlozeniec, Smolen and Strzegowa belonged to Austria.
Strzegowo isn't close to Lgota Murowana.
It's NOT Strzegowa in the Gostyn parish.

In 1783 - 1784, Upuszczow, the Gora parish, the Kalisz county, owned by Madalinski. In 1866 belonged to Aniela KOZUCHOWSKA, close to GRZYBKI.
Upuszczew or Upuszczow is situated 2 km west to Raczkow; Raczkow - 7 km south-east to Gora, and 7 km south-west to Warta city [ie. north-west to Sieradz];
Upuszczew - 11 km north-east to BLASZKI, and 5 km north-west to TUBADZIN.

GORA - 18 km south-west to Wilczkow - compare Jakub Kiedrzynski.

The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz [born in 1738 in Wilczkow] who helped to this family.

Poninski Adam [junior] was the grandson of the POZNAN governor, Adam Poninski, oldest [ca 1680 - 1732; the son of Hieronim Adam Poninski 1630–1702; grandson of Aleksander Poninski b. ca 1610 i Anna Zakrzewska; great-grandson of Wojciech Poninski b. ca 1580 ?], and Adam junior was the son of
Maciej Poninski, the WSCHOWA official + 1st wife Franciszka Szoldrska, the daughter of Ludwik SZOLDRSKI - compare GOSTYCZYNA of SZOLDRSKI.
Adam Poninski [junior] in 1775 visited LONDON [he was the chief of the Maltanese Order in Poland in 1774 ! - compare Cagliostro in London].
The owner of Derazno in Volhynia / Wolyn until 1779; and Bar, Cudnow, Lubar and Lysobyki in Volhynia; Lipowiec near Winnic.
FREEMASON in 1774 in LWOW, and - in 1777 - he received from J. L. Toux de Salverte a higher initiation in the Warsaw's "Bon Pasteur" with the rank of "bachelor of the East and the Shield". In 1779 Adam Poninski was affiliated to the "Parfait Sileone" Lodge with the honorary dignity of the "protector".

Note on Madalinski - Grabianka branch:

Madalinski Aleksander [the son of Andrzej Madalinski and GRABIANKA] owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska;

Aleksander Madalinski was the brother of FRANCISZEK Madalinski, married Petronella DORUCHOWSKA and 2nd he married to Julianna ZAJDLIC.
Julianna in 1727 was the heir of an estate. Julianna was widowed bef. 1737 ?
Franciszek Madalinski had 3 sons: Ignacy, b. ca 1707, died in 1777, buried in DORUCHOW - 8 km north to TORZENIEC, 10 km north-east to MIKORZYN, 15 km east to OSTRZESZOW, and 9 km south-west to BOBROWNIKI; Jan, died after 1781;
and Ludwik Madalinski.

Aleksander Madalinski [born ca 1690 - died before 1773] owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow north-west to Sieradz, was from BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN;
Andrzej older, married bef. 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - 1721.
They had one son Aleksander Madalinski b. ca 1690.

Andrzej MADALINSKI of BOBROWNIKI, m. Marianna Grabianka, and he taken from Marcin Borzyslawski and Stanislaw Borzyslawski, in 1685, village Zarzecze and Debicza in the Ostrzeszow county.
Ca 1705, Marianna Grabianka Madalinska, 2nd married Samuel Rudzinski of CZERSK.

Marianna had children:
1.
Aleksander, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow + WALKNOWSKA; and Aleksander Madalinski had the son
Kajetan Madalinski, inf. in 1772 on his wife Dorota Kiedrzynska.

2.
Stanislaw Madalinski, of Leczyca;
Kazimierz;
Wladyslaw;
Jan;
Andrzej Madalinski junior.

3. Franciszek Madalinski + Petronella Doruchowski, 2nd married Julianna Zajdlic.

We know on Maryanna Grabianka, b. ca 1660, married [ca 1705] Samuel Rudzinski, governor of CZERSK;
Maryanna Grabianka b. ca 1660, was the sister of Wojciech Grabionka b. ca 1650 + Barbara Biejkowska, the daughter of Abraham Biejkowski.

Wojciech GRABIANKA, b. ca 1650, had 2 daughters:
Helena + Antoni Karczewski; and
Zofia b. ca 1670 + Wojciech Lopacki;
Zofia had 4 brothers:
1. Jozef who had daughter Katarzyna + Franciszek Polanowski;
2. Antoni Grabianka, official in Czersk + Teresa Biekierska with 5 sons;
3. BERNARD Grabianka, b. ca 1680, official in HALICZ, and in Trembowla + Helena KAMINSKA,
with the son,
JOZEF KAJETAN GRABIANKA [compare the ILLUMIATI and the TEMPLARS in 1778];
4. Kazimierz Grabianka married KOMOROWSKA.

Above JOZEF KAJETAN GRABIANKA had the son
Grabianka Tadeusz Laurenty, 1740 - 1807, the Templar in Warsaw in 1778, and the chief of the Illuminati in Berlin in 1779, Avignon and in London. The precursor of Polish messianism, as Comte Ostap, Sutkowski, Comte Polonais.

Grabianka Tadeusz Laurenty mystic and alchemist; his mother, Marianna Kalinowska, brought a large dowry to the Grabianki house (including valuables estimated at 250.000 'zlotys'). In addition the castle houses in Rajkowce and Sutkowce, and Felsztyn and 15 villages in the area of ??Uszyca.





Secret Network - from ILLUMINATI to GLOBALISTS:

Cagliostro and Tadeusz Grabianka [Stadnicki, Kalinowski, Grabianka, Tarnowski families] - Malta and ILUUMINATI - Carsten Niebuhr in 1761/1767
- Kamieniec Podolski [Rzewuski, Tarnowski, Kossakowski and Stadnicki officials] - Bishop Adam KRASINSKI and the Bar Uprising in 1768
- Krasne close to Przasnysz - Leopold Kronenberg of Brzezie and Wieniec near to WLOCLAWEK closest to Ludwik Krasinski [+ Szymanowski and Wolowski] - Krasinski, Popiel and the Roman family at the Przasnysz district
- Zbigniew Brzezinski in USA [GLOBALISATION]
- and the net back to the beginning to Stadnicki and Mniszech [1742/1749] with Oginski and SOLTYK [+ Bystrzanowski] - FREEMASONS and ILLUMINATI:

At the end of the 18th century, freemasonry
(especially the Masonish rite of TEMPLARS Strict Observance, and also subordinate to Templars - the Scotish Rite Improved)
was infiltrated by the Illuminati (i.e., the Enlightened One).

In 1751, Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund und Altengrotkau began the Order of Strict Observance
[with the superior, Prince Charles Edward Stuart], which came from the reconstituted Templar Order in 1743 in Paris.
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (1720 - 1788), was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (as Charles III). In 1742, Lord Kilmarnock and other exiled Stuart participants received Karl Gotthelf, Baron Von Hund into the Order of the Temple in Paris showing the Jacobite Templar link still existed;
and in 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart given a gala meeting for the Chivalry of the Order in Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.

Jacobitism was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The next step was in 1779 when the High Knights Templar of Ireland Lodge, Kilwinning, obtained a charter from Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Scotland.
"This lodge now began to grant dispensations to other lodges to confer the Knights Templar Degree. Some time around 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836". "The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780".

Martinism "as a mystical tradition, it was first transmitted through a masonic high-degree system established around 1740 in France by Martinez de Pasqually, and later propagated in different forms by his two students Louis Claude de Saint-Martin and Jean-Baptiste Willermoz".

Or Martinism is a specific form of Christian mysticism, an esoteric Christianity; founded 1754 in Paris, by Martinez Paschalis, and
in 1775 by Louis Claude de Saint Martin, near to Illumine [Illuminate] - Jean Willermoz who voted the death of the King of France in 1782.

The Scottish Rectified Rite or Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cite-Sainte was originally a Masonic rite, a reformed variant of the Rite of Strict Observance, which underlies both Martinism and the practices of the Elus-Cohens; was founded in the late 18th century by Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, who was a pupil of Martinez de Pasqually and a friend of Saint-Martin.

The Modern Martinist Order was established with three degrees in Paris.

Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick 1721 - 1792, and the Scottish Rite:
he is the same Duke of Brunswick who was mentioned in Robison's secret Illuminati membership list, patron of the Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot.
The Sabbatian Vienna Lodge of the Asiatic Brethren was founded by Jacob Frank's cousin [compare SKALA PODOLSKA and Carsten Niebuhr in 1767], Moses Dobrushka, alias Von Schoenfeld.

The German Illuminati were called to life by Adam Weishaupt on May 1, 1776.
They used the name Ordo Illuminati Germaniae. The symbol of the Enlightened was the pyramid with the omniscient eye at the top
(identical to that found on dollar banknotes).
Weisshaupt / WEISHAUPT collaborated with Count Alessandro di Cagliostro [compare his visit to Adam Poninski, Poniatowski in Warsaw, and in Curland].

Weisshaupt's goal was a permanent revolution [compare PARVUS] and destruction of the current order [see Nestor Trubecki and Lenin].
The organization of the Illuminati was hierarchical, the individual degrees were isolated from each other.

It was forbidden to talk about the organization and its activities [compare the speech of John F. Kennedy in April 1961 on the secret societes ie. Russian communist network - the President expalin in the next day !].
The sect had three classes divided into two grades.

The criminality of the Illuminati's plans was confirmed in the Vatican by Cagliostro; and in 1793, by Abbe Barrvel in "The memorials illustrating the stories of the Jacobins" and in 1797 by professor John Robinson, the author of the book "Evidence of conspiracy" published in Great Britain.

By The Vigilant Citizen in 2018, Volume 1: Hidden Knowledge -
"... the Order's quick rise to success was due to a secret meeting between Weishaupt and Cagliostro ... In INGOLSSTADT / Ingolstadt, Cagliostro ... to have met Adam Weishaupt... Calling themselves heirs to the Knights TEMPLAR, ...".

By C. & C. Kearsley, 1791 -
"...Barberi in the Italian original has no idea that Cagliostro is talking about the Bavarian Illuminati.
Cagliostro mentions they operated as superiors of a Frankfurt Templar lodge of the Strict Observance.
Barberi never links this "Illuminati" to that of Weishaupt.
Cagliostro's interview at Frankfurt took place in 1780. Thus, in Barberi's work it is a fairly innocuous reference, printed in 1791. ...".

By Frank G. Ripel -
The Order [Illuminati] was founded by Adam Weishaupt and it also belonged to the Grand Copt, Count Alessandro di Cagliostro [in 1776]. Nine years later, in 1785, the Order was ban.

E. A. Bucchianeri - 2008 -
"... Weishaupt sought to raise his doctrine of human perfectibility ...
Mgr. George Dillon declares that Weishaupt and Cagliostro were closely connected ...
Cagliostro, who travelled all over Europe under the instructions of Weishaupt...".

"... CAGLIOSTRO ... Fascinated by Freemasonry, uniquely suited to it, and always in need of an influential connection and a place to stay, he was an active Freemason, and invented the 'Egyptian Rite', founding lodges in Europe.
Rumor says CAGLIOSTRO joined Adam Weishaupt's Bavarian Illuminati, itself suspected of dedication to the overthrow of European states.
Indeed, whether by intent or fortune, he has been regarded as one of the causes of the French Revolution if only for arousing sympathy as yet another popular person, rightly pissed-off after being screwed over by the State, and willing to complain loudly about it - usually from a distance.
His reputation and friendship in France with the wealthy and powerful but opportunistic Cardinal Rohan led to his being charged in the famous 1785 'Affair of the Diamond Necklace' in France, from which he was acquitted. ...".

The Illuminati had to immigrate to France after being caught in Bavaria. Their goal was to fight the monarchy.

Sir Francis DASHWOOD [the HELLFIRE CLUB] was a friend of the name WEISHAUPT - by Steven L. Akins.

And now we can look on the genealogical connections from Illuminati to Globalisation:

Leonia ROMAN BRZEZINSKI died in 1985; she was married to Tadeusz Brzezinski.
LEONIA BRZEZINSKI, the mother of Zbigniew Brzezinski, was the next of kin to Andrzej Roman, well-known journalist in Warsaw; Andrzej was the son of Tadeusz ROMAN - the brother of Leonia nee ROMAN.

Leonia Brzezinska 1st married Zylinska, was the daughter of Leon Roman with the coat of arms Slepowron. Named above Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW.

His parents:
Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830 and Leontyna Orlowska born in 1843.

Parents of above LEONTYNA:

Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski, 1805-1868 and Olimpia Jozefa Chosciak-Popiel / OLIMPIA POPIEL, b. 1815.

The grandparents of named LEONTYNA ORLOWSKA:

Marcin Orlowski b. 1760;
Aleksander Wincenty Chosciak-Popiel / Aleksander POPIEL, b. 1780;
Ewa Majewska b. 1760 and
Ludwika Piotrowska b. 1780.

Mentioned Marcin Orlowski born ca 1760 was the son of Jozef ORLOWSKI.

Wlodzimierz Orlowski b. 1838 - Ustanow, close to CZERSK,

[his brother was Jozef Anastazy Orlowski - b. 1840 - Ustanow, 35 km south of WARSAW; d. 1916 - Warsaw, the Roman Catholic]

was the son of Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski

[Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski b. 1805 - Kobylany, the Bialystok province, d. 1868 - Debinek, 10 km south-west of BYDGOSZCZ - see above LEONTYNA ! Kobylany - see the Orlowski family at the beginning of the 19th century, village of the eastern Poland at present, close to Losice and Stara Kornica]

1805-1868, and Olimpia Jozefa Chosciak-Popiel

[Olimpia Jozefa Chosciak-Popiel born ca 1815 - Mlodynie, the RADOM county]

b. 1815;

the grandson of named above {!} Marcin Orlowski b. 1760;
Ewa Majewska b. ca 1760;
Aleksander Wincenty Chosciak-Popiel b. 1780,
and Ludwika Piotrowska b. 1780;

the great-grandson of Jozef Chosciak-Popiel born ca 1740

[the son of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel / Benedykt POPIEL, 1710-1796 and Anna Korwin-Krasinska b. in 1716 / see below on ANNA POPIEL, KRASINSKA / Anna Krasinska];

Jan Piotrowski b. 1750; and Józefa Kochanowska b. 1750.

See:
Popiel (Chosciak Popiel) Jozef, 1848-1880, a journalist, a courier between the country and the Vatican.
Born in Chocimow (close to Opatow), was
the son of LUDWIK Popiel / Louis (1813-1856), a soldier of the November Uprising (honored with the Silver Cross of Military Virtue), the owner of Chocimow,
and Apolonia Aleksandrowicz (her mother was the sister of late Cardinal Mieczyslaw Ledochowski);

JOZEF was the nephew of Paul and Vincent Popiel;
he grew up with his uncle Vaclav POPIEL / Waclaw Popiel;
studied in Piotrkow, and graduated in Warsaw. He studied law at Warsaw Central School, then at the University of St. Petersburg.
1870-4 he visited also in exile in Novgorod, his uncle Vincent Popiel (then bishop of Plock).
As a journalist wrote on the opening of the Suez Canal (December 1869) and Letters from Sicily (1871-2).

Above LUDWIK POPIEL:
son of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Chosciak-Popiel, 1774-1847, and Zofia Badeni, 1790-1859.

Zofia BADENI was the granddaughter of Barbara Tyzenhauz b. 1730 and Tadeusz Aleksander Wawrzecki b. ca 1730.

BARBARA TYZENHAUZ WAWRZECKA was next of kin to Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815
and to Antoni Kazimierz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski, the General, 1723-1778.

Leonia Brzezinska (born Roman), 1896 - 1985, had 3 sons.

Andrzej Roman, well-known journalist in Warsaw, b. 1927 in Warsaw, d. Dec. 2011. He specialized in athletics and football, reported the Olympic Games in Munich in 1972, Montreal in 1976, in Moscow in 1980.
He was a cousin of Zbigniew Brzezinski, Advisor of US President Jimmy Carter.
He completed his studies at the University of Warsaw in 1949 and 1950; since 1952 he published in "Polish Courier".

Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW, married in 1893 in Warsaw, to Janina Wladyslawa Malwina Pelka, 1870-1923.

Leonia Brzezinska 1st married Zylinska, had older brother Tadeusz 1894-1977, m. Maria Zaborska 1891-1975,
with son Andrzej Roman, 1927-2011 who m. Dagmara Albrecht.

Named above Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, was the son of Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830
[the son of Franciszek Roman born in 1788 or b. ca 1790, and Magdalena Kobylinska b. ca 1800]
and Leontyna Orlowska born in 1843 [a marriage in POSTOLISKA in 1862; 4 km north-east of TLUSZCZ].

Magdalena Kobylinska / KOBYLENSKA b. ca 1800, married Franciszek ROMAN of Ulatowo-Slabogora,
with children born in the Chorzele Parish, 34 km north of PRZASNYSZ:

1. in 1825, in Slabogora was born Piotr Grzegorz Roman son of Franciszek and Magdalena Kobylenska / Kobylinska aged 24.
Named Ulatowo-Slabogora, is sistuated 24 km north-east of Przasnysz, close to ROMANY-SEBORY
[see the history of the Kiedrzynski and Konstantynowicz family:
Leszno close to Przasnysz, 4 km south; and Radziejow-Wloclawek area - compare Kronenberg, Lanckoronski and BARTHEL].

2. 1826, in above Slabogora, Jozef Jakub Roman son of named Franciszek and Magdalena Kobylenska.

3. 1827, Slabogora, here was born Andrzej Szymon Roman;

4. 1829, Slabogora, Antoni Dominik Roman son of Franciszek and Magdalena Kobylenska.

Maria Lubienska nee Chosciak-Popiel, 1879 - 1944, was the daughter of Konstanty Chosciak-Popiel

[Konstanty Popiel b. 1841 was the son of Waclaw Popiel

{Waclaw Popiel 1812 - 1897, - see above ! -

was the son of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Popiel

(1774 - died 1847,
son of

Pawel Popiel and Konstancja Magdalena KOMOROWSKI, the daughter of PIOTR KOMOROWSKI

[Piotr Komorowski died 1747, son of
Jan Komorowski and Katarzyna Konstancja Sulimierska, daughter of
Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski [Wola Pszczolecka ?] and Teofila GLUZICKA.

PIOTR Komorowski was the husband of Anna KUMANIECKI])

and Zofia BADENI !}

and Ewelina LUBIENSKA !]

and Maria JANUSZKIEWICZ.

We back to Konstanty Popiel born 1774:

Popiel (JOZEF Chosciak Popiel) Jozef, 1848-1880, a journalist, a courier between the country and the Vatican.
Born in Chocimow (23 km north-west to Opatow),
was the son of LUDWIK POPIEL / Louis (1813-1856),
a soldier of the November Uprising (Ludwik Popiel was honored with the Silver Cross of Military Virtue), the owner of Chocimow, and Apolonia Aleksandrowicz (her mother was the sister of late Cardinal Mieczyslaw Ledochowski);

JOZEF POPIEL was the nephew of Paul / Pawel Popiel, and Vincent / WINCENTY POPIEL;
he grew up with his uncle Vaclav / WACLAW POPIEL;
studied in Piotrkow, and graduated in Warsaw. He studied law at Warsaw Central School, then at the University of St. Petersburg.
1870-4 he visited also in exile in Novgorod, his uncle Vincent (then bishop of Plock) ie. Bishop Wincenty Popiel.
As a journalist wrote on the opening of the Suez Canal (December 1869) and Letters from Sicily (1871-2).

Above LUDWIK POPIEL:
was the son of

Konstanty Michal Ignacy Chosciak-Popiel, 1774-1847, and Zofia Badeni, 1790-1859.

Zofia BADENI was the granddaughter of Barbara Tyzenhauz b. 1730 and Tadeusz Aleksander Wawrzecki b. ca 1730.

BARBARA TYZENHAUZ WAWRZECKA was next of kin to Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and to Antoni Kazimierz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski, the General, 1723-1778.

Above Antoni Kazimierz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski
was the grandson of Emanuel Wladyslaw Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski, ca 1650 - 1704, the Brzesc Kujawski official
- see also PRZYSUCHA close to OPOCZNO, and the conspiracy of 1832/1833 -
Sulimierski, Zaliwski, Wincenty Tyszkiewicz.

Above Pawel Popiel b. 1733, and Konstancja Magdalena KOMOROWSKI b. 1732:
Pawel was the son of
Konstanty Chosciak-Popiel b. ca 1700, the Wislica official, 1700 - 1758.
Pawel Popiel b. 1733, had 2 daughters:
1.
Anna Chosciak - Popiel / Anna Popiel / Anna Stadnicka, b. ca 1769 ? and
married to Stanislaw Stadnicki b. ca 1750

{the son of Szymon Stadnicki 1720 / 1730-1775 + Antonina Anna Dunin-Wasowicz;
the grandson of Jozef Antoni Stadnicki 1660 ? - 1736 of BUSK.
the great-grandson of Wiktoryn STADNICKI and Teresa Tomislawska}

with children:
Szymon Jozef Gracjan Stadnicki, b. 1787;
Konstancja Stadnicka b. bef. 1800;
Pawel Stadnicki, 1800-1867.

2.
Petronela Chosciak-Popiel, 1780-1801, m. Jan Nepomucen Rafal Stadnicki 1751-1814,
the son of named SZYMON Stadnicki, b. 1730.

We back to MNISZECH:

Teresa Lubomirska (Mniszech) (1694/1697 - 1746) was the daughter of
Jozef Wandalin Antoni Mniszech, b. 1670, and Pss ELEONORA OGINSKA.

And the granddaughter of Jerzy Jan / Jerzy Mniszech, b. ca 1645, and Anna Chodkiewicz.

Mentioned Teresa Mniszech (1694-1746) married Jan Franciszek Stadnicki; after 1717 she was married 2nd to Jozef Lubomirski.

Jan Franciszek Stadnicki of Zmigrod, 1656 - 1713 in Krasnystaw,
was the son of Wiktoryn Stadnicki and Teresa Tomislawski.

Jan Franciszek Stadnicki was the brother of Jozef Antoni Stadnicki, died in 1736;

Jozef Antoni Stadnicki had a son Jan Jozef Stadnicki who married 3 times, with the son Michal Jan Stadnicki.

Above JOZEF ANTONI STADNICKI had children:
Jan Jozef Stadnicki;
Michal Jan Stadnicki;
Szymon Stadnicki b. 1720/1730.

Above Jan Jozef Stadnicki died in 1766, Doctor, MP, had a son Michal Jan Stadnicki b. 1732, d. 1789.

Petronela Chosciak-Popiel, 1780-1801, m. Jan Nepomucen Rafal Stadnicki 1751-1814,
the son of named SZYMON Stadnicki, b. 1730.

We back to Jozef Chosciak-Popiel born ca 1740
[the son of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel 1710-1796 and Anna Krasinska b. in 1716].

Above
Jozef Chosciak-Popiel born ca 1740 / 1750

[son of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel 1710-1796
{son of Szymon Chosciak-Popiel b. 1670 and Ludwina TULKOWSKA}
and Anna Krasinska b. in 1716

{Anna KRASINSKA was the daughter of Teresa Elzbieta Soltyk 1685-1728.

Teresa SOLTYK was married 4 times;

Teresa's brother (Michal Aleksander SOLTYK, 1680-1735, married to Józefa Makowiecka)
had son General Maciej Soltyk b. 1718 or born in 1720 - died in 1780 ? / 1802 in CHELMNO
- see CONSPIRTORS and the Bystrzanowski family.

Maciej Soltyk married 3 times:
2nd in 1752 to Anna nee Dembinska, 1 voto Lanckoronska (d. 1789),
daughter of Antoni DEMBINSKI, and Teresa Lipska;

Anna's Dembinska 1st husband died -
Stanislaw Lanckoronski (STANISLAW LANCKORONSKI d. 1747; married two times:
Franciszka Bidzinska div. in 1733, and
2nd time to Anna Dembinska in 1740, daughter of Antoni DEMBINSKI;

in 1739, Anna DEMBINSKA - LANCKORONSKA - SOLTYK owned Kurozweki and Kotuszow {close to Szydlow and to Staszow}).

Maciej Soltyk married 3rd to Kunegunda nee Koszowska of Kurozweki}].


Note to above Anna Popiel, KRASINSKA:

The BISHOP, Adam Krasinski b. 1714, was the brother of
Michal Hieronim Krasinski [Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. 1712 - d. 1784; the Marshal of the BAR Confederation in 1768 + Aleksandra ZALUSKA];
and Anna Chosciak-Popiel / Anna POPIEL [the branch of Zbigniew Brzezinski] born ca 1716;
wife of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel / Benedykt Popiel
[Jozef Chosciak-Popiel born ca 1740 / 1750,
the son of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel 1710-1796,
and the grandson of Szymon Chosciak-Popiel b. 1670 and of Ludwina TULKOWSKA.
Anna Krasinska Popiel, b. in 1716, ie. Anna KRASINSKA was the daughter of Teresa Elzbieta Soltyk 1685-1728]

and
the mother of Jozef Chosciak-Popiel / JOZEF POPIEL,
and the grandmother of
Marianna Szymanowska, b. ca 1792.

Marianna was the wife of Walerian Szymanowski
and the mother to Jozef Szymanowski.

Tadeusz Lubienski and Maria Popiel - I compare with Komorowski - Kalinowski:

The first owner of Guzow (moved home from Szczytniki) was in the late eighteenth century Feliks Lubienski, ie. Lubienski Felix de Valois (1758-1848), later Minister of Justice of the Duchy of Warsaw.

The only son of Felix de Valois and Teresa Belinsky / TERESA BIELINSKA was Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow

[Teresa Tekla BELINSKA was born in 1767,
the daughter of Franciszek BIELINSKI 1742-1809 and Krystyna SANGUSZKO, 1741 - 1778;

the granddaughter of Pawel Karol SANGUSZKO, 1682 - 1750
{the son of Hieronim SANGUSZKO b. 1651},
and of Michal BIELINSKI, died in 1746.

Michal Bielinski was the son of Kazimierz Ludwik BIELINSKI d. 1713 + Ludwika Maria MORSTYN / Ludwika Morsztyn, died in 1730.

Ludwika was the daughter of Jan Andrzej MORSZTYN, Comte de Chateauvilain, 1621 - 1693 + Lady Katherine GORDON, 1635-1691.
More below - please look at brief note.


Note to above BIELINSKI:

The father of Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski was above named Michal Bielinski / Michael Belinsky, coat Junosza, d. 1746, the provincial governor of Chelmno.

Michal Bielinski was the son of Casimir Louis Bielinski, a Polish diplomat and Louisa Maria Morsztyn (d. 1730),
the daughter of the poet Jan Andrzej Morsztyn / John Andrew Morsztyn.

MICHAL was the brother of Franciszek Bielinski / Francis Bielinski, also the governor of Chelmno and the Grand Marshal of the Crown.

Michal's 1st wife Aurora Maria Rutowska (d. 1750), illegitimate daughter of the Polish king Augustus II the Strong Saxon, divorced.
The second wife was Tekla Poplowska (d. 1774) with son Franciszek Bielinski / Francis (d. 1809), the writer of the Crown
and Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski / Stanislaus Kostka (d. 1812), Marshal of the Grodno Parliament.

Michal BIELINSKI was in 1738-1746, the voivode / governor of Chelmno.

Note to MORSZTYN:

Above mentioned Franciszek Bielinski / Francis Belinsky, coat Junosza, b. 1683, d. 1766 in Warsaw, the Grand Marshal of the Crown 1742 to 1766, the court marshal of the Crown 1732 to 1742, the provincial governor of Chelmno 1725-1732, treasurer of Prussia 1714 -1738.

The family of above Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski:

a. Elzbieta Bielinska m. 1779 in Mogilany to Franciszek Wielopolski,

b. Franciszek Bielinski 1740 - 1809, in 1776 Nat. Educ. Com., 1794 the Kosciuszko Uprising, owner of Kozlowka to 1799, and the Otwock palace, m. Krystyna Sanguszko.

The branch of Swiatopelk Mirski - Bobrinski ie. Bobrzynski - Bielinski and Golabek Jezierski:

Piotr Swiatopelk Mirski / Pyotr Dmitrievich Swiatopelk Mirski
took part in the Russo-Turkish War 1877 - 1878; he studied at the General Staff Academy to 1881, in 1887 he was the commander of staff of 3rd Grenadier division; 1895 the Governor of Penza, and in 1897 the Governor of Yekaterinoslav. 1900 Sipiagin appointed him Assistant Minister of the Interior and Commander of the Imperial Corps of Gendarmes.
1902 Governor-General of the North-Western province: Vilna, Kovno and Grodno;
was credited with successful liberal reforms, stopping pogroms against the Jews.
1904 Minister of the Interior after Plehve's assassination. His appointment was seen as a victory of liberals, as a victory of the party of widow Empress Maria Fyodorovna who supported the liberal reforms; the Sviatopelk-Mirski's plan included transferring more power to the State Council of Imperial Russia.
On January 22 / January 9, 1905 occurred the massacre known as Bloody Sunday; he never had authorised the shooting of the demonstrators, but his opponents said that he not only did authorise the shooting but also in order to push his own political agenda actively encouraged the demonstration.
He was replaced (on 18 January) as Minister of the Interior by Bulygin in February 1905.

Piotr Swiatopelk Mirski 1857 - 1914, married to Katarzyna Bobrzynski Countess / Bobrinska;
she was from a branch of Wassili Bobrinsky, b. 1804, d. Moscow in 1874,
the son of Alexei Bobrinsky, b. St.Petersburg in 1752, who married in 1796 to
Anna Dorotea / Anna Dorothea von Ungern-Sternberg (b. 1769 Tallinn - d. in St. Petersburg in 1846),

the daughter of the Tallinn commendant Woldemar Conrad von Ungern-Sternberg b. 1739

{Anna UNGERN / Johanna Magdalena Margarethe von Ungern-Sternberg, b. 1769, was the granddaughter of
of Conrad von Ungern-Sternberg b. 1686,
and the great-granddaughter of of Georg Conrad von Ungern-Sternberg b. 1654.
He came from Wolmar VI von Ungern-Sternberg b. 1606.

Compare with -

Wilhelmine Charlotte von Ungern-Sternberg nee von Strandmann 1785 - 1813 {more below !},
the wife of
Peter Ludwig Konstantin von Ungern-Sternberg, of Grossenhof (Dago), Wenden, Jesse, Echmes, Keskfer, Tackfer, b. 1779 in Vana-Kuuste,
who was the son of Otto Reinhold Ludwig von Ungern-Sternberg, b. 1744,
and the grandson of
Reinhold Gustaf von Ungern-Sternberg, b. 1714;
the great-grandson of Reinhold VII (Renaud) von Ungern-Sternberg, b. 1656;
came fron Otto b. 1627}.

The branch of Ungern-Sternberg and the Pilar - Pilchau family:

Below I present abbreviation of the von Pilchau Pilar genealogy.

Adolf Konstantin Jakob Pilar von Pilchau, a Baltic German politician, regent, the owner of the Audern, his birthplace after his father's death in 1870, and Sauga.

Audru / Audern, 8 to 10 km north-west-north of Parnu city, is a small borough.

Sauga / Sauck, 6 km north of Parnu core, in Parnu County, southwestern Estonia [my grandfather was living at this time in PARNU].

Adolf (Alf) Konstantin Jakob Baron Pilar von Pilchau died June 17, 1925 in Pernau (Parnu), Estland. Baron Adolf Konstantin Jakob Pilar von Pilchau b. 1851, nickname Alf, b. in Audern / Audru.
His wife Julie Olga Eugenie von der Pahlen born in Pleskau or Pskow / Pihkva in 1865,
her mother Helene Charlotte Louise von der Pahlen nee von Toll / HELENE von TOLL, 1833 - 1910,
and her grandmother Olga Karoline Olga von Toll nee von Strandman, 1796 - 1861;
OLGA's brother Karl Gustav von Strandmann 1787 - 1855,
and her sister Wilhelmine Charlotte von Ungern-Sternberg nee von Strandmann 1785 - 1813.

The father of Adolf Pilar von Pilchau was
Fredrik Adolf Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau, Baron, born and died in Audru / Audern, 1814 - 1870.

Grandfather was Jakob Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau 1774 - 1814, who has brothers:

1. Georg Ludwig Pilchau / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau 1767 - 1830

{Georg Ludwig (Egor Maksimovich) Pilar von Pilchau b. 1767 in Kirna. Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau 1767-1830 / von Pilhau Yegor Maksimovic or Georg Ludwig - Yegor in 1803 has been married to Anna Fyodorovna von Hesse / Johanna Agnetha b. 1779, and had three sons and two daughters: Alexander (1804 - 1866), Lieutenant-Captain of the Guards; Nicholas (1815 - 1887) and George (1819 - 1882); Elizabeth 1808, Elena 1811};
his father was retired major of the Polish army -
Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau 1734 - 1801.

Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilchau (1734-1801), landlord of Hallik north - east of Tallinn or rather south-west of Rakvere, Lehtse south-west of Rakvere, Meremoisa close to Keila-Joa, Major (1756), served for the Polish army as Major in 1757.

2. Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau 1777 - 1847 in Joggis / Jogisoo, Kullamaa, Estland.

Karl Magnus Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was son of named
Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm;
he was brother of Emilie Caroline Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau and
Gertrude Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1806.

Above named Emilia CAROLINA ELIZABETH b. 1804, Ladis - died in 1891, she was State-lady in Katarinenhale.

Gertrude Elizabeth Pilar von Pilchau b. 1806, married in 1829, Jogisoo, to Berend von Mohrenschildt d. 1861 owner of Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland that is Krayskhofa;
his daughter from his first marriage married to the brother of his wife.

Berend Robert / Behrend von Mohrenschildt, b. on July 3, 1786 in Kreuzhof (Risti), died on January 9, 1861 in Kreuzhof (Risti);
he was son of
Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt b. 1748, and Gustava Stephanie {see belo on CIA !};

husband of Margaretha Ulrika Juliane von Mohrenschildt; Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt and above named Gertrude Elisabeth PILAR PILCHAU, von Mohrenschildt;
he was father of Katharina Augusta Elisabeth; Alexander Behrend Heinrich von Mohrenschildt; Maria Katharina Juliane; Karl Gustav Konstantin von Mohrenschildt; Behrend / Boris Mohrenschildt; Elisabeth (Lilly) Auguste; Emilie; Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt; Alexandrine Nathalie Karoline von Mohrenschildt and (Karl) Reinhold von Mohrenschildt. Copyright by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.

And

3. Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau 1761 - 1819 in Reval / Tallinn.

4.
Major Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 (1769?).

This is the branch of Zofia Januszewski / Zofija Pilar von Pilchau died January 28, 1898 - she was sister of Januszewski Dzerzhinsky Helena, mother of Felix Dzerzhinsky, who died in 1896.

Alexander von Pilar Pilchau, Judge of the district of Vilnius, died in 1871 - he was great-grandfather of Roman Pilar of the SOVIET intelligence service!

Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, d. 1871, that was Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802,
his sister Sophia Pilar Pilchau;
his father was born in 1769 - Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau - in Lida.

Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 or 1769.
His wife was Maria Becu
with her children:
Zofia Pilar von Pilchau, and
a son was born in Wilno - Alexandr Pilchau / Alexander Karl / Aleksander Karol Pilchau Pilar, b. 1802.

5. and a daughter Catharina Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau.

MAGNUS FABIAN PILCHAU and his brothers had a stepfather Gotthard Johann II von Manteuffel 1717 - 1753, acc. to Peter Trefilov and by Mikael Lilliestrom (under copyright by geni.com).

Note to CIA and to Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt b. 1748, and Gustava Stephanie:

In 1953 future Warren Commissioner Allen Dulles was working with the father-in-law of George de Mohrenschildt in the Guatemala Coup. Three days after Allen Dulles took over as CIA Director in February of 1953 he was writing to Dimitri Mohrenschildt - the brother of Lee Harvey Oswald's pal, George de Mohrenschildt.

Russian diplomat in the US, Ferdinand Nikolai Alexander von Mohrenschildt, b. 1885 in Haiba, Kernu Parish, Harju County, Estonia, d. March 4, 1919 in New York. Burial at Sleepy Hollow, Westchester County, New York.

He was son of Thomas Ferdinand or Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt and Mary / Marie von Mohrenschildt the daughter of Behrend / Boris Mohrenschildt and Marie Luise von Bremen.

Above Ferdinand's wife was Nona Hazelhurst McAdoo b. 1893, the daughter of William Gibbs McAdoo, U.S. Senator and Secretary of the Treasury and Sarah Hazelhurst Houston.

Above Thomas Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt b. 1833 in Haiba, Hageri kihelkond, Harjumaa, Eesti / Estland.
He was son of Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Gertrude Elisabeth.

Above Berend Robert (Behrend) von Mohrenschildt b. 1786 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland.
He was son of Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt and Gustava Stephanie.

Above Gustava Stephanie von Douglas b. 1758 in Reval (Tallinn). She was daughter of Robert Wilhelm Douglas and Margarethe Juliane von Knorring. Above Robert Wilhelm Douglas (on the Douglas in Estonia, ITALY and Scotland see my domain) b. 1724 Tallinn - died in 1778 -
was son of Gustaf Otto Douglas and Helena von Schlippenbach.

In 1920, Ferdinand's (von Mohrenschildt) nephew Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, the older brother of George, arrived in the United States and entered Yale University. His admission was likely smoothed by the connections of the Harriman family; Dimitri von Mohrenschildt after graduating from Yale, was offered a position teaching the exclusive Loomis School near Hartford, Connecticut, where John D. Rockefeller III was a student.
There, Dimitri became friendly with Roland and Winifred Betty Cartwright Holhan Hooker;

Dimitri served the Office of Strategic Services, later cofounding Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty.

In 1941, Dimitri also founded a magazine, the Russian Review, and later became a professor at Dartmouth. Dimitri in the summer of 1936 traveled to Europe, followed a week later by Betty Hooker.

The relationship between Bush and Hooker lasted for three decades, until 1967, when Hooker died.
1937, Betty Hooker and Dimitri von Mohrenschildt married.
By then, Dimitri had been hired by Henry Luce as a stringer for Time magazine.

Meanwhile, Dimitri's younger brother, George, had been living with their family in Wilno; in May 1938, George / JERZY MOHRENSCHILDT arrived from Europe to US and lived with his brother and new sister-in-law in their Park Avenue apartment.

And again brief explanation:

Katharina Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt / MORENSHILD / Katharina Augusta Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1811 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland that is Kreuz Hof, died in 1855, Revel,

the daughter of Berend von Mohrenschildt, owner of Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald and Eleanor Juliana Elisabeth von Rosenthal.

That is Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth Rosenthal daughter of Gustav Heinrich von Wetter-Rosenthal. Above Berend Robert (Behrend) von Mohrenschildt b. 1786 in Kreuzhof (Risti), died 1861 in Kreuzhof.

Mentioned above Berend Robert (Behrend) von Mohrenschildt was son of
Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt, 1748 - 1817 who was son of
Berend Otto von Mohrenschildt b. 1718 and Marie von Ramm;
come from Hans Heinrich von Mohrenschildt from Tallinn.

"Alexei Grigorievitch Bobrinskoy, born in 1762 in Saint Petersburg; Count. Natural son of Catherine the Great and Grigori Orlov, secretly born in the Winter Palace at St. Petersburg and secretly raised at an estate in Bobriki until
... 1781 when Catherine wrote him a letter acknowledging her maternity. He was made a Count of the Russian Empire by his half-brother Emperor Paul III ... promoted to General-Major.
He married Baroness Anna Dorothea von Ungern - Sternberg.
Died at his estate at Bogoroditsk near Tula".

Cosroe Dusi, the painter, was very friendly with mentioned above the ORLOV family.
COSROE Dusi become best friends of the Earl and Countess Orlov, and they introduced him to families
Laval,
Branicki [see KALINOWSKI in 1840 in St Petersburg and my family Kalinowska-Trubecka in 1840 moved home to Cracow],
Potocki,
Buturlin.

Inter alia Dusi known young Count NIKOLAI ORLOV, Alekseevich (1827 - 1885).
Nikolay Alekseyevich Orlov was a Russian Ambassador to Belgium from 1859 to 1869. From 1869 to May 1870 he was the Ambassador of the Russian Empire to the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Above Nikolai Alexeyevich Orlov b. 1827, was the son of Aleksei Orlov, Fedorovich, b. 1786 in Moscow.

Mentioned Wassili Bobrinsky 1 m. 1824 to Pss Lydia Gortschakova b. 1807,
2 m. 1830 to Sofia Sokownina b. 1812,
3 m. 1869 to Alexandra Utschakova.

Wassili's brothers:
A. Alexei Bobrinsky, 1800 - 1868, m. 1821 to Css Sophia Samojlowa b. 1799,
B. Pavel / Pawel Bobrzynski / Paul Bobrinsky b. 1801 - died in Florence 1830 (see Oginski and Chodzko - Venture, Breguet, Sulkowski),
m. 1822 to Julia Junosza - Bielinska / Junosza Bielinski / Julia Junosha-Belinskaya b. 5.2.1804 - Paris 15.9.1899 ?

Her daughter was
Julia Pawlowna Bobrynska / Julia Broel - Plater, Golabek - Jezierska, nee Bobrinski / Bobrynska, 1823 - 1899,
married Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski Count, b. 1822, died 1855 in Warsaw.

WALDEMAR Jezierski was the son of Jan Nepomucen Pawel Golabek-Jezierski Count and Karolina.

Julia BOBRYNSKA, Jezierska, 2nd time married Cezar August Broel - Plater in 1859;

Cezar / Cezary August Plater was born on September 8, 1810, in Wilno. They had 2 sons including Cezary Broel-Plater, junior.

Julia 1st married Waldemar Golabek - Jezierski in 1851; Waldemar was born in 1822.
They had one son Aleksander Golabek - Jezierski.

The father of mentioned above Julia was above named Pavel Alekseevich Bobrinski / Pawel Aleksiejewicz Bobrynski and Julia Stanislawowna Bobrynska Junosza, Countess, nee Sonocka Bielinska / Bielinska.

Pawel Bobrynski / Bobrzynski was born on October 27, 1801, in Saint Petersburg;

Julia Sonocka Bielinska was born in 1790 or 1804. Julia Stanislawowna Bobrynska nee Sonocka Bielinska / Bielinskaja, ca 1790 / 1804 - 1892;
m. 1822, and after death of husband she moved to Paris;
her father Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski died 1812 in Vicebsk / Witebsk, served on the court of the King Stanislaw August Poniatowski; Marshal of the Parliament in 1793, m. Katarzyna nee Golicyn, b. 1775, d. 1825 in Saratow.

Above Maria FYODOROVNA -

"...Charlotte [born in 1744] was the grandmother of Queen Victoria, and whose son married the daughter of Frederick III of Hessen-Kassell.

Charlotte's brother was Charles II Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, whose daughter married the heir of the Prussian crown, Frederick William III.

Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick- Wolfenbuettel. She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.

Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.

Of Frederick William III and Louise' four children, three married the brothers and sisters of Csar Alexander I.

Frederick William III's daughter, Charlotte of Prussia, married Paul's son, Tsar Nicholas I, who succeeded Alexander I, and who also belonged to the Order of the Garter.

Frederick's son Wilhelm I married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, the daughter of Nicholas' sister Maria Romanov.

A third child of Frederick, Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia, married Maria's Romanov other daughter, Marie Luisa Alexandrina von Saxe-Weimar.

The son of Tsar Nicholas, ie. Constantine Nicholaievitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia, fathered Olga Constantinovna Romanov, who married George I King of Greece. George was a member of the Order of the Garter, as was his father, Christian IX of Denmark. ...

Christian IX was, in the last years of his life, named Europe's 'father-in-law'. ...
1. Christian's daughter, Maria Fyodorovna married Csar Nicholas III, father of Nicholas II who was killed by the Bolsheviks in 1918.

2. Princess Alexandra married Queen Victoria's son, King Edward VII, the Grand Master of Freemasonry. ...".

Note to named Charlotte b. 1744:

"... The Knights of the Order of the Garter are the leaders of the Illuminati hierarchy ...

[Queen Victoria, Alexandrina Victoria b. 1819 was daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent

(the son of George III
{his father Frederick, Prince of Wales and mother Augusta of Saxe-Gotha}
+ Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1744 - 1818

{her father Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow, and mother Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen})

and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1786 - 1861

(1803 at Coburg, she married 1st to Charles, Prince of Leiningen;
2nd to Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, in 1818 at Amorbach.
Victoria's father was Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and mother Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf, daughter of Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schonberg)]

... [mentioned above] Charlotte was the grandmother of Queen Victoria, and whose son married the daughter of Frederick III of Hessen-Kassell".

We back to
KATHERINE Gordon - the daughter of George GORDON, Marques (Marquis) of Huntly / Hunndaidh, 1592-1649, and Lady Anne CAMPBELL, 1594-1638.

Above HUNTLY:
Huntly is a town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, formerly known as Milton of Strathbogie. Here is Huntly Castle.

Above Lady ANNA:
her parents -
Archibald CAMPBELL, 7th Earl (Comte) of Argyll (Earra-Ghaidheal), Scotland, 1575-1638, and by Lady Agnes DOUGLAS, 1574-1607.

Above ARCHIBALD:
copyright by geni.com -
Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll, b. ca 1575 in Argyll. Son of Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll and Agnes Keith, Countess of Moray.

We back to
Kazimierz Ludwik BELINSKI, died in 1713,
who was the son of Jan Franciszek Bielinski.

Copyright by Wikipedia -

Kazimierz Ludwik Bieliński was a Polish diplomat. He obtained the central office of Crown Court Chamberlain from 1688 to 1702. Court Crown Marshal in 1702 and the Grand Crown Marshal (1702-1713). MP in 1683, 1688, 1690, in 1697. Son of Jan Franciszek Bielinski.
In 1682 he married Ludwika Maria Morsztyn. He was the father of Franciszek Bielinski (b. 1683), Marianna Denhoff (b.1685, lover of August II of Poland).

Above named
- inf. by Zbigniew Wojcik -
Marianna Denhoff (1685-1730) replaced Anna Constantia von Brockdorff as the official royal mistress of Augustus II the Strong in 1713 and was succeeded by in Erdmuta Zofia von Dieskau 1719.
She was cooperated with the French ambassador to persuade the king in favor of a Pro-French policy].

And we back to Francis Xavier Lubienski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow),

who had two sons:
Kazimierz Lubienski born in 1801 (mother Anna Milkowska) and
Seweryn Lubienski was born 1811 or born in 1812 (the mother Paulina Potocki).

Francis X. Lubienski died at the age of 42;

Seweryn Lubienski with the family moved to the property of the Potocki (Milanow) on the north border of the Lublin province, close to Radzyn Podlaski;
Seweryn Lubienski grew up at the court in Jablon at the property of his aunt Emma Potocki Strzyzowski.
Count Seweryn Potocki in 1810 to convey the estate of Jablon to oldest daughter Emme / Emma Potocka, she married in 1810 to a Polish Army Colonel Piotr / Peter Strzyzowski;

Piotr Strzyzowski was a participant in the Napoleonic campaigns, he settled in Jablon with spouse Emma Potocka.

In 1836 Seweryn Lubienski (1811-1855) married Amelia Jezierska (1813-1885)
and had 4 daughters and 5 sons:
Witold LUBIENSKI b. 1841 was grew up under uncle Piotr Strzyzowski, then bought Zasow / Zassow estate in ca 1870;
Strzyzowskich Piotr, d. 1855;
Emma Potocka d. 1856 - assume ownership of Jablon to Amelia Jezierski Lubienski, widow of Seweryn Lubienski, nephew of Strzyzowski. The next thirty years Jablon was property of the Lubienskis. Amelia JEZIERSKA was formed in Jablon and around five schools in rural areas.
During the January Uprising 1863 the palaces in Jablon and Kolano
[Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow]
were the center of conspiracy and assistance to insurgents -
Kazimierz Lubienski [1843-1908] who was Amelia Lubienski's son was forced to leave the property. Threatened with deportation to Siberia, Amelia Jezierska Lubienska changed home to a more civilized manor of the eldest son Witold Lubienski / Vytautas LUBIENSKI - in Zassow / Zasow / Zasowo in AUSTRIA.

Michal Lubienski (1896-1967), was the Head of Cabinet of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Second Polish Republic - Joseph Beck. Copyright by Stanislaw Cichon, 2011.

Above Zasow in 1855 was located in the Tarnow county; 1876 Zasow village received city rights, which had lost in 1914. In 1879 (1870 ?), after the death of Henry / HENRYK Ankiewicz,
Zasów becomes the property of Witold Lubienski; who derived from the Sieradz province.

Witold Lubienski and his son TADEUSZ LUBIENSKI / Thaddeus in Zasowo formed the Farmers Cooperative of Agriculture and Commerce.

Tadeusz Lubienski married Maria Popiel with five sons:
Witold Tadeusz,
Alfred,
Konstanty Lubienski / Constantine and
two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth.

Witold Lubienski was killed during the Polish-Bolshevik war in retreat from Kiev in 1920.
His son Tadeusz junior fought in the September campaign of 1939.
Mentioned above Tadeusz Lubienski 1872 - 1942, was the son of Witold Jozef Lubienski

[1841 - 1892,
son of Seweryn Lubienski

{Seweryn Lubienski 1812 - 1855 in Venice,
was the son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski
(1784 - 1826,
who was the son of Count Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski
[born in 1758 in Skala / Krakow, d. 1848 in Guzow, close to Zyrardow,
son of Celestyn Lubienski and Paula Oginska]

and Tekla Teresa Katarzyna BIELINSKA - see FELIKS WALEZJUSZ LUBIENSKI)

and Paulina POTOCKI - see Franciszek Ksawery LUBIENSKI, born 1784}

and Amelia GOLABEK-JEZIERSKA, see SEWERYN LUBIENSKI b. 1812, named above]

and Elzbieta Teresa Jozefa MORAWSKA - see Witold Jozef LUBIENSKI b. 1842.

Above Maria Lubienska nee Chosciak-Popiel, 1879 - 1944, was the daughter of
Konstanty Chosciak-Popiel

[Konstanty Popiel b. 1841 was the son of Waclaw Popiel

{Waclaw Popiel 1812 - 1897, was the son of

Konstanty Michal Ignacy Popiel (1774 - died 1847,

son of Pawel Popiel and Konstancja Magdalena KOMOROWSKI daughter of PIOTR KOMOROWSKI

[Piotr Komorowski died 1747, son of Jan Komorowski and Katarzyna Konstancja Sulimierska, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila GLUZICKA.

PIOTR was the husband of Anna KUMANIECKI])

and Zofia BADENI ! - see Konstanty Michal Popiel}

and Ewelina nee LUBIENSKI ! - see above WACLAW POPIEL]

and Maria JANUSZKIEWICZ - see Konstanty Popiel.

See:

Popiel (Chosciak Popiel) Józef, 1848-1880, a journalist, a courier between the country and the Vatican. Born in Chocimow (close to Opatow), was the son of LUDWIK POPIEL / Louis (1813-1856), a soldier of the November Uprising (honored with the Silver Cross of Military Virtue), the owner of Chocimow, and Apolonia Aleksandrowicz (her mother was the sister of late Cardinal Mieczyslaw Ledochowski);

JOZEF was the nephew of Paul and Vincent; he grew up with his uncle Vaclav / WACLAW; studied in Piotrkow, and graduated in Warsaw. He studied law at Warsaw Central School, then at the University of St. Petersburg. 1870-4 he visited also in exile in Novgorod, his uncle Vincent (then bishop of Plock). As a journalist wrote on the opening of the Suez Canal (December 1869) and Letters from Sicily (1871-2).

Above LUDWIK POPIEL:

was the son of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Chosciak-Popiel, 1774-1847, and named above Zofia Badeni, 1790-1859.

Zofia BADENI was the granddaughter of Barbara Tyzenhauz b. 1730 and Tadeusz Aleksander Wawrzecki b. ca 1730.

BARBARA TYZENHAUZ WAWRZECKA was next of kin to Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and to Antoni Kazimierz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski, the General, 1723-1778.


See below on the KALINOWSKI family + the KOMOROWSKI family:

Franciszek Komorowski Count, 1723 - died in 1800 in Szirwyty or Szenta, come from Teresa Oziemblowski [see PILSUDSKI and Terlecki] and Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758.

Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska in Galicia
[he was son of Ludwika Grabinska and Jozef Jablonowski of Galicia, who married 1st Tekla Strutynska, 2nd to Ludwika Grabinska daughter of Jozef Grabinski official in Smolensk],
married to Lucya Glogowska daughter of Franciszek Glogowski Grzymala and Jozefa Kalinowska

[Jozefa KALINOWSKA was 2nd m. to Jan Karol baron de Wrazny SADLO].

Jozefa Kalinowska was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski of Lelow, owner of Kamionka, Suchary and Dziatkowice + Justyna Borzecka

{above Jozefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Glogowski; Jozefa was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720}.

Above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska, had 2 sons:
Ludwik Grzymala Jablonowski, m. HORTENSJA / Hortenzya Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski

{Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790 + Hortensja Karsnicka.
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska had above named son Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790.

Seweryn Ksawery KALINOWSKI was brother of Jozefa Kalinowska + Jan Sadel Sadlo + Glogowski;
and of Antonina Kalinowska + Ludwik Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka);

Seweryn Ksawery was son of Ignacy Kalinowski + Justyna Borzecka,

and grandson of Jozef Jan Kalinowski b. ca 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckoronska b. ca 1660}.

Hortensja [nee Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski] was daughter of Antoni Karsnicki.

The 2nd son of above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski was Stanislaw Jozef Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski owner of Rawa Ruska, m. Jozefa Bakawska daughter of
Jan Wincenty Count Bakowski and Kunegunda KOMOROWSKA Css

[above Jozefa Bakawska had sister Henryka + Roman KARNICKI;
and brother Ferdynand Bakowski m. Antonina Komorowska Css with the Korczak coat of arms].

Ferdynand Jaksa-Bakowski 1800-1853, was son of above Jan Wincenty Jaksa-Bakowski 1770-1828, and Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770;
above Ferdynand BAKOWSKI m. ca 1830 to Antonina Jozefa Komorowska 1812-1891,
daughter of Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski 1769-1826 and Konstancja Kunegunda Siestrzanek-Karnicka b. 1787.

Above Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski, b. 1769 in Sushno / SUSZNO, was son of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of
Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1670, and grandson of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700,
who came from
Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan KOMOROWSKI had also son Adam Komorowski who had son
Jan Komorowski d. 1719, and grandsons -
Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski [Stefan was father of Barbara Zofia Dambska and Jan Komorowski];
Adam Ignacy Komorowski;
Ignacy Komorowski [with son Jozef Joachim Komorowski ca 1735 - 1800] and
Piotr Komorowski
[father of Konstancja Magdalena Popiel
and Michal Komorowski with son
Cyprian Kajetan Komorowski b. 1776, d. 1858 in L'viv].

The BISHOP of Kamieniec Podolski [at time of Carsten Niebuhr in 1767], Adam Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1714, the owner of KRASNE close to PRZASNYSZ, was the son of
Jan Jozef Ignacy Krasinski b. 1675, and Elzbieta Teresa Soltyk

[Ewa Trojanowska was the 2nd wife of Jan Jozef Krasinski, 1675-1764 in Krasne close to PRZASNYSZ;

Krasne is situated south-east to Przasnysz at way to ROZAN; 9 km south-east to LESZNO - see Wodkiewicz-Jaworska of Lodz. Compare the Zbigniew Brzezinski family ie. ROMAN family.

Bishop Krasinski of Kamieniec Podolski, was died in Krasne in 1800].

The BISHOP, Adam Krasinski b. 1714,
was the brother of

Michal Hieronim Krasinski [Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. 1712 - d. 1784; the Marshal of the BAR Confederation in 1768 + Aleksandra ZALUSKA];

and Anna Chosciak-Popiel / Anna POPIEL [the branch of Zbigniew Brzezinski] born ca 1716;

ANNA was the wife of Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel and
she was the mother of Jozef Chosciak-Popiel and the grandmother of
Marianna Szymanowska, b. ca 1792.

Marianna was the wife of Walerian Szymanowski
and the mother to
Jozef Szymanowski who was the father of
Maria Chelmonska
and Jan Szymanowski.

Above
Jan Szymanowski was the father of TADEUSZ Szymanowski, 1889 - 1940.

Brief note to the KOMOROWSKI family:

Mentioned Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770 was daughter of Jozef Joachim Komorowski

[older son of Jozef KOMOROWSKI:
Jozef Wincenty Komorowski - MP in 1788, 1765-1809]

1735-1800, and Helena Aniela Konkordia Milewska 1741-1814;

and granddaughter of Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760; and

great-granddaughter of Jan Komorowski of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska

[Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Above Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski, b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski, 1697 - 1781,
who was son of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670, and
grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700,
from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son
Adam Komorowski who had
son Jan Komorowski b. 1670, d. 1719 + SULIMIERSKA,
and grandsons -

1. Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski [Stefan was father of Barbara Zofia Dambska and Jan Komorowski];
2. Adam Ignacy Komorowski;
3. Ignacy Komorowski [ie. Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760, with son Jozef Joachim Komorowski ca 1735 - 1800. The branch of Jan Wincenty BYKOWSKI + KUNEGUNDA Komorowska b. 1770] and
4. Piotr Komorowski

[! - Piotr Komorowski b. ca 1710, was the father of
Konstancja Magdalena Popiel b. ca 1730/1735,
and Michal Komorowski
with son Cyprian Kajetan Komorowski b. 1776, d. 1858 in L'viv].

Note to the branch of POPIEL - KOMOROWSKI:

Konstanty Popiel b. 1841 was the son of Waclaw Popiel, 1812 - 1897, and the grandson of Konstanty Michal Ignacy Popiel, 1774 - died 1847,
the great-grandson of
Pawel Popiel and Konstancja Magdalena KOMOROWSKI, Popiel, b. 1730/1735 ?,
the daughter of PIOTR KOMOROWSKI.

Piotr Komorowski b. ca 1710 or bef., died 1747, son of
Jan Komorowski and Katarzyna Konstancja Sulimierska, daughter of
Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski [Sulimierski owned Wola Pszczolecka and LUBIEC with Kuznica Lubiecka - see also on the ROGACZEWSKI family, smiths and millers under Walewski in Wola Pszczolecka and Faustynow, then in Widawa].

Note:
Teresa Oziemblowski m. Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758

[Bartlomiej had son Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723 in South Moravia;
- see President Bronislaw Komorowski;
and daughter Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Pilsudska !]

who was son of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1680 and Zofia Polanska;

and grandson of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670.

Above Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski, b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski, 1697 - 1781,
who was son of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670, and
grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700,
who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.


The genealogical data to Stadnicki / ILLUMINATI branch with Kalinowski and Grabianka
- Mecinski [Trzebniow] - Walewski [JEDLNO] - Mniszech [Dukla] and Krasinski [ZEGRZE + Kamieniec Podolski; see Kazimierz Pulaski] families - Illuminati and the FREEMASONS net:

So the main thought of the Illuminati Order is the work of Tadeusz Grabianka. The thought of taking power in Russia was a central idea guiding the Polish underground from the 80s of the 18th century until 1917. The continuator of the main thought of Tadeusz Grabianka about taking power in the tsar state - in the Russian Empire - was Jozef Pilsudski. Jozef Pilsudski was closest to Andrzejak - Konstantynowicz - Zbieranowski net of Miezonka - Moscow - Tallinn - Swolna.
But the thought of seizing power over freemasonry and secret societies in Europe went from the Stadnicki family since the 1740s.
In the 18th century, the following families joined closely: Mniszech - Kalinowski - Stadnicki - Potocki and it's already in the 1750s. Secret societies were created by Russian intelligence after around 1721, for the destruction of the colonial power of England and France, which was to allow the conquest of the Pacific coast from Kamchatka and Alaska to Oregon and California.
The occupation of Paris by the Russians was their greatest strategic success in the early 19th century. But the Crimean War showed the weakness of corrupt Russia defeated by France, England and Sardines. It was clearly the result of the counter-offensive of France and England in Europe.

Tadeusz Grabianka from the 1760s was intensively placed by his family in secret societies in Prussia and France.
The next step was taking over of the Illuminati in the 1770s by the Stadnicki group - Grabianka - Tarnowski. Finally, in the 1780s Tadeusz Grabianka continued to create the main anti-Russian goals of the Illuminati organization. From the beginning of the 19th century, the Polish network of the Illuminati turned into a Polish underground resistance conspiracy [1819 - 1821 - 1830 - 1833]. The defeat of Polish uprisings and the breaking up of Polish conspiracy by the Russians in 1815-1865, this was the result of the infiltration of European secret societies by Moscow already at the stage of their establishment in the 1st half of the 18th century. It was only the thought of the Illuminati from around 1870 that led to success - the creation of Lenin - until 1937 in Russia.

The Paszkowski family - Armand - Konstantynowicz and the Potocki family from Lubuszany - Berezina - Zator - Krzeszowice played the leading role in the years 1878 - 1918.
For sample only - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, died in ZATOR in 1862, the CONSPIRATOR and the ILLUMINATI, who was closest friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, the Illuminati.

Details:

Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski,
ie.
Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski, 1811-1849, the son of
Jozef Wawrzyniec Krasinski, b. 1783 in Zegrze, d. 1845 in Free City of Cracow; and of Emilia Anna Ossolinska died in 1832.
And Dorota Jablonowska, b. 1820, the daughter of
Antoni Jablonowski, 1793 - 1855; and of Paulina Mniszech
[the Jablonowski and Mniszech families were CONSPIRATORS and FREEMASONS / Illuminati].

Above Jozef Wawrzyniec Onufry Krasinski, b. 1783 [see below on ZEGRZE !], was the son of
Kazimierz Jan Krasinski and Anna Ossolinski;
and the grandson of
Antoni Krasinski b. 1693, and Barbara ZIELINSKI.
The great-grandson of
Jakub Krasinski, 1670/1680 - 1737 and Barbara KUKLINSKI.
Jakub was the son of Dominik Ludwik Krasinski b. ca 1645, and Katarzyna Anna. Compare below: the BISHOP, Adam Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1714, was the son of Jan Jozef Ignacy Krasinski b. 1675, the OPINIOGORA official, and Elzbieta Teresa Soltyk [Ewa Trojanowska was the 2nd wife of Jan Jozef Krasinski, 1675-1764 in Krasne close to PRZASNYSZ; Krasne is situated south-east to Przasnysz at way to ROZAN; 9 km south-east to LESZNO - see Wodkiewicz-Jaworska of Lodz. Compare the Zbigniew Brzezinski family ie. ROMAN family]. Adam was the grandson of Felicjan Krasinski died in 1713. Felicjan and above Dominik Ludwik KRASINSKI there are brothers!

Compare:

Krasinski noted in a letter to Dolphina Potocka on 26 November 1841: Towianski actually knew the doctor Becu.
Zygmunt Krasinski on June 15, 1851 sent a letter to Count Zamoyski, in which he wrote of the rumors about "Master" TOWIANSKI like the Russian spy.

Napoleon Stanislaw Adam Felix Zygmunt Krasinski, b. 1812 in Paris, d. 1859, the greatest poet of Polish Romanticism;
the biggest influence on his views and all life had a father
Vincent Krasinski / Wincenty Krasinski - General of Napoleon, and later a loyal subject of the Russian Tsar.

Zygmunt Krasinski died on February 23, 1859 in Paris. His parents Vincent Krasinski and Maria Ursula Radziwill;
marriage with Eliza Branicka,
children Wladyslaw Krasinski, Jerzy Zygmunt Krasinski, Maria Beatrice and Eliza Krasinska.

Above Wladyslaw Krasinski, b. 1844 in Warsaw, d. 1873 in Menton, son of Sigmund / Zygmunt Krasinski and Elizabeth Branicka / Eliza Branicka, during the January Uprising worked in Paris together with Prince Wladyslaw Czartoryski.
Marriage to Rose Potocki / Roza Potocka, and was the father of three children:
Adam Krasinski (1870-1909), Elizabeth Krasinska (1871-1905) and Sophia Krasinska (1873-1891).

Count Adam Krasinski (b. 1870 in Krakow, d. 1909 in Ospedaletti, Liguria), editor of the Library of Warsaw (1901-1909), 1897 marriage to Wanda Mary Badeni (1874-1950),
daughter of Casimir Badeni / Kazimierz BADENI, Prime Minister of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Aleksandryna Potocka was the owner of LUBUSZANY, 13 km to Miezonka of the Konstantynowiczs.
Aleksandryna Potocka became friends with her cousin, Eliza Branicka, the later Eliza / Elzbieta BRANICKA was the wife of Zygmunt Krasinski, in 1835 until 1859,
not to 1876.

Miss Potocka formally remained under the care of Tsar Nicholas I. Around 1836, she became the lady of the imperial court [see on Kalinowski - Branicki fate in 1840 ! and Maria Kalinowska Trubecka back home to Cracow in 1840].
On her marriage with her cousin August Potocki from Wilanow recalled Jadwiga Dzialynski Zamoyska years later.

1784 - Tadeusz Grabianka divorced his wife Teresa Stadnicki.
Later, he left Poland and settled in French Avignon, where he set up his own "New Israel" Order of the Illuminati.
In 1782, Tadeusz Grabianka in LIW built a baroque mansion that was burnt down in the middle of the 19th century, as the headquarters of his office and court.
The GRABIANKA couple was the friends of the Kamieniec Podolski bishop KRASINSKI ie. Adam Stanislaw Krasinski.

In 1768 in Bar in Podolia, on the initiative of the Catholic bishop of Kamieniec Podolski, Adam Stanislaw Krasinski (later he was a supporter of the Constitution of May 3) and the court marshal Jerzy August Mniszech [Freemason / pre-Illuminati], an armed part of the nobility was formed as a general confederation under the leadership of Michal Hieronim Krasinski and Jozef Pulaski (father of Kazimierz PULASKI) known today as the Bar Confederation.

Note to named Kazimierz Pulaski:

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1730 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz - was the husband of Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauz.

Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz,
and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.

Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Jozef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz and Joanna PULASKI, the daughter of Jozef PULASKI; ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano;
father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Jozefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski;
brother of Teodora Walewska.

Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Jozef Pulaski;
she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero.

Anastazy Walewski / ATANAZY Colonna-Walewski in 1764 was the Elector of Stanislaw August Poniatowski from the province of Leczyca;
he was a member of parliament in 1776; member of the Permanent Council in 1780; 1780, he was awarded the Order of St. Stanislaus. Founder of the palace in Walewice.

Mentioned Confederation of 1768 was formed in defense of the Catholic faith and independence of the Commonwealth, which was threatened by the guardianship of tsarist Russia, and thus against Russia
- actually the Russian armies in Poland and the tsarist Catherine II, with her supporter on the Polish throne Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
The purpose of the confederation was to abolish the laws imposed by Russia.

Named above
Adam Stanislaw Krasinski (1714-1800) was a Polish noble of Slepowron coat of arms, the bishop of Kamieniec PODOLSKI (1757-1798) [compare CARSTEN NIEBUHR in 1761 in MALTA, and in 1767 in Kamieniec Podolski and Skala Podolska], Great Crown Secretary (from 1752).

The BISHOP, Adam Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1714, was the son of
Jan Jozef Ignacy Krasinski b. 1675, and Elzbieta Teresa Soltyk
[Ewa Trojanowska was the 2nd wife of Jan Jozef Krasinski, 1675-1764 in Krasne close to PRZASNYSZ;
Krasne is situated south-east to Przasnysz at way to ROZAN; 9 km south-east to LESZNO - see Wodkiewicz-Jaworska of Lodz. Compare the Zbigniew Brzezinski family ie. ROMAN family. Bishop Krasinski of Kamieniec Podolski, was died in Krasne in 1800].

The BISHOP, Adam Krasinski was the brother of Michal Hieronim Krasinski [Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. 1712 - d. 1784; the Marshal of the BAR Confederation in 1768 + Aleksandra ZALUSKA]; and Anna Chosciak-Popiel / Anna POPIEL [the branch of Zbigniew Brzezinski].

Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. in 1712, had a son
Jan KRASINSKI, 1756 - 1790 married to Antonina CZACKA, 1756-1834.

Jan Krasinski (1756-1790) + Antonina Czacka
with a son Wincenty Krasinski, b. 1782 in Boromel at Volhynia [+ Maria Radziwill],
and the grandson - Zygmunt Krasinski, b. 1812, became one of Poland's greatest romantic poets.

Jan was the son of
Michal Hieronim Krasinski (1712 - May 25, 1784).
Michal Krasinski was a Polish noble, the official in Stezyca, and of Rozan, and in Opiniogora [23 km west to Krasne; south-west to PRZASNYSZ], MP, one of the leaders of the Bar Confederation (1768 - 1772).
He was a captain and served August III army. He was a member of parliament in 1748 and 1750 as a deputate from Sandomierz voivodoship and in 1756, 1758 and 1760.
Brother of Adam Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1714, d. 1800.
Michal was the father of Jan Krasinski b. 1756. Grandfather of Wincenty Krasinski b. 1782. Wincenty's son was Zygmunt Krasinski born in 1812.
He was buried in Krasne close to PRZASNYSZ.

See ZEGRZE:

After the death of prince Maciej Radziwill in 1800, Poloneczka was inherited by his son, Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill (1793-1869), by his mother Elzbieta Chodkiewicz Radziwill.
In 1815, Konstanty Radziwill married Maria Grabowska, who died in 1826. 2nd marriage to Celestyna Sulistrowska. Konstatnty m. 3rd to Adela Karnicka.

Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill was, among others, a member of the Vilnius Education Commission (1820), chamberlain of the tsarist court (1832), marshal of the nobility of the Nowogrodek Province (1832-1835), a correspondent member of the Imperator Russian Geographical Society. During this period he became friends with Wladyslaw Syrokomla.
Prince Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill / Constantine was the leader of a secret patriotic association operating in Lithuania, which led to his arrest. He made contact with the decembrists, and met in Vilnius in 1823 several times with Aleksander Bestuzew.

His son Maciej Jozef Radziwill (1842-1907) after returning from exile in Russia, married Jadwiga Krasinska in 1867 (1843-1913), heiress of the property Zegrze near Warsaw [see von Gersdorff / Gersdorf].

Jadwiga Krasinska (1842/1843-1913)
was the daughter of
Stanislaw Krasinski b. 1811,
the granddaughter of
Jozef Wawrzyniec Maciej Onufry Krasinski b. 1783 in ZEGRZE

[see above on MNISZECH - Jablonowski branch; note on Przasnysz, Krasne and Opiniogora !

In Krasne in 1754, Michal Hieronim Krasinski was the landowner;
KRASNE bef. 1831 belonged to AUGUST KRASINSKI, the aide to General SKRZYNECKI;
August's son was LUDWIK Krasinski b. 1833 in KRASNE;
August's wife - Ludwika nee Krasinski, the daughter of the Ciechanow official, and the granddaughter of Michal Hieronim Krasinski, the Bar Confederation of 1768 Commander !
Ludwik Krasinski bef. 1854 studied in PARIS.
Ludwik m. in 1860 widowed ELIZA BRANICKA, after death of ZYGMUNT Krasinski in 1859.
In 1863/1864 and after The January Uprising, Ludwik Krasinski of KRASNE,
co-operated with LEOPOLD KRONENBERG - the Terespol rail network.
Ludwik was the owner of:
Krasne - south-east to Przasnysz; Przystan - north-west to Ostroleka; Magnuszewo / Magnuszew since 1685 {Golymin, 19 km south-west to Krasne until 1685}; Krasnosielc - 22 km east to Przasnysz; and Zulin;
Ojcow and Pieskowa Skala;
Adamow and Gutow in the Siedlce prov.;
Ursynow close to Warsaw.
Rohatyn in GALICIA.
In the Minsk governorate the estates of his second wife - Magdalena Kiezgajlo - Zawisza. Ludwik Krasinski died in 1895 in Warsaw, but he was buried in KRASNE].

JOZEF WANDALIN MNISZECH had daughter Teresa Mniszech Lubomirska (1694 - 1746) m. 1st Jan Franciszek Stadnicki; 2nd to Jozef Lubomirski.
Above
Jozef Antoni Mniszech b. 1670;
the son of
Jerzy Jan MNISZECH / Jerzy Mniszech, b. ca 1645, d. 1693
and the grandson of
Franciszek Bernard Mniszech b. ca 1610, d. 1661 in Dukla. Franciszek was the brother of Marina Mniszech, the wife of Russian TSAR.

Maryna Mniszchowna, b. 1588 in Murovane, the Lvov prov., Polish-lithuanian Commonwealth. See on DUKLA and Illuminati / Freemasons.

Mentioned Jan Franciszek Stadnicki b. 1656, d. 1713 in Krasnystaw, in 1697 the Volhynia governor, the Chrzanow owner. The son of Wiktoryn Stadnicki, the Przemysl governor. JAN was the brother of Jozef Antoni Stadnicki, the Lubaczow governor.

Jan in 1678 m. Aleksandra Barbara Stadnicki, the daughter of Andrzej Samuel Stadnicki, the owner of Lesko.
Jan had a daughter Anna Stadnicka d. 1733, married to Piotr Konstanty Stadnicki; and Jan had 2 sons: Jozef Ignacy Stadnicki (1686-1715), and Kazimierz (1696-1718).

Mentioned Anna (d. 1733), m. Piotr Konstanty Stadnicki. He was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Kowieski.
PIOTR Konstanty Stadnicki had sibilings:
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki, the Czernihow official,
Karol Stadnicki, the Braclaw and Cracow official.

Above Anna Stadnicka, the daughter of Jan Franciszek Stadnicki, was childless.
Named above Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki b. ca 1670 - d. 1737, the son of Jan Stadnicki. Wladyslaw with the 1st wife had a daughter married to the official of ROZAN in 1746, b. ca 1690.
Wladyslaw Stadnicki with the 2nd wife had:
1.
Jozef Stadnicki, the Cracow official, and of Wenden, also in Czernihow, 1710-1772 + Marcjanna Marianna Morska, 1710-1750 [the branch close to GRABIANKA].
With the son
Piotr Stadnicki 1740-1819; named PIOTR with Chronowska had children:
Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki 1765-1842;
Jozef Stadnicki born 1770;
Antonina Stadnicka.
2.
Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszów, the Czernihow official, and in Wyszogrod, 1710-1777 +
Teresa Potocka had a daughter:
Aniela Stadnicka b. 1740, married Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski.
Above Antoni Stadnicki married four times.

Mentioned
Count Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski, the owner of TRZEBNIOW [see BYSTRZANOWSKI] and LGOTA.
The son of Wojciech Mecinski, the official in Radom, 1691-1752 + Marianna Mecinska, b. 1700.

Wojciech Mecinski b. 1691, the owner of Wola Kszysztoporska.

And more about the MECINSKI family:

FRANCISZEK Walewski b. 1675/1690/ ca 1710 or before this year, died 1745 in RUSIEC, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszow, Dabrowka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa [see PRADZYNSKI - Kiedrzynski branch], Lesniaki, m. Cecylia Dambska, the daughter of Teresa nee Mecinska - DAMBSKA, 2nd to Frankenberg, 3rd to Teodora Ludwika Walewska, daughter of Zofia nee Radolinska;
with children:
Stefan Walewski 1744-1803, owner of Rusiec [compare Kiedrzynski];
Tomasz m. Konstancja JORDAN / Anna Jordan;
Franciszek Ksawery Walewski 1739 - 1796, owner of Wola Wiazowa;
Aleksander Walewski older, b. 1700/1710 or in January 1719, died 1751/1778/1779 + (ca 1746) Elzbieta Mecinska of JEDLNO, born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] the daughter of
Wojciech MECINSKI of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, who m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA.

Wojciech was the son of Michal MECINSKI / Michal Mikolaj Mecinski and Felicjana Rucka 1670 - 1714 or she died after this year
[Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children]!

Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska had son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (b. ca 1743 / 1747 - d. 1792) and they were owners of Jedlno.

Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Jozef Kalasanty Walewski.
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wielun or to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow near to Wielun and the named Wielun and Jedlno (see Izydor Kiedrzynski).

Aleksander Walewski
was the son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745,
the owner of Rusiec, Wieruszow [before him to the Mecinski family],
Dabrowka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki;
Franciszek was son of Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior)
who had first wife Anna Gostynska. Zygmunt Walewski married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Parnu in Estonia.

Elzbieta Mecinska-Walewska was sister of Myszkowska Anna nee Mecinska, d. after 1774, who married to Adam Myszkowski of WIELUN;
Anna Mecinska b. ca 1710 was great-granddaughter of Konstanty Tomicki and Agnieszka Myszkowska.

Above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski b. ca 1670 - died after 1739 [or Michal was the officer in Wielun, was living 1660-1725], clerk in Wielun, owner of Dzialoszyn, was the son of Stefan Mecinski 1640 - 1706, and Bronikowska;
and grandson of Jan Mecinski 1610 - 1664, who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel!

Elzbieta nee MECINSKA had children:
mentioned above Jozef Kalasanty WALEWSKI clerk in Sieradz, 1747-1792, m. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. ca 1750;
Michal WALEWSKI, junior, 1749-1799 m. Salomea Psarska b. 1761;
Salomea nee Walewska 1754-1814 m. Jozef Kielczewski.

Above named Michal Mecinski, senior + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children [see below !]:
Jan Mecinski;
Wojciech Mecinski 1698 - 1771 [Wojciech Mecinski was MP];
above Anna Mecinska;
Franciszek Mecinski;
Pelagia Mecinska;
Marianna Mecinska d. 1763.

Dzialoszyn
- completely destroyed during the Swedish War in 1655; during the partitions under Prussian rule; since 1809 in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw. Heirs of Dzialoszyn were the Mecinskis since the end of the seventeenth century, and in the second half of the 18th century the owner was Wojciech Mecinski, Castellan;
after him widowed wife Anna nee Glogowska, MECINSKA;
at the turn 18 and 19th cent. - Stanislaw Mecinski, with his wife Rozalia Kurdwanowska, he was the friend of King Stanislaw Leszczynski;
Stanislawa Mecinski rebuilt and decorated palace [see below]. After Mecinski family these land passed into the possession of Myszkowski.

The genealogical data to MECINSKI of Dzialoszyn and JEDLNO:

The branch come from Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel, with 3 sons:
Wojciech,
Pawel - Colonel,
Stefan who m. Bronikowska,
with son
Michal Mikolaj Mecinski / Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA / Rudzka [see below !].

STEFAN senior had 2 sons:
named Michal, and Stefan junior.

Michal MECINSKI
was the officer in Wielun, was living 1660-1725 [Michal was the son of Stefan Mecinski who m. Bronikowska].
Michal Mikolaj Mecinski, of Wschowa in 1715, Colonel, judge - 1724, a life companion of Friedrich August in 1706, that is of August II the Strong, August II der Starke b. 1670 in Dresden, Polish king 1697 - 1706 and 1709 - 1733, elector of Saxony 1694 to 1733 as Frederick Augustus I of Saxony / Friedrich August I;
Augustus II the Strong relinquished the crown to Stanislaw Leszczynski in September 1706.
In October 1706 army of Augustus II defeated the Swedes in the Battle of Kalisz. August II the Strong in 1709 returned to Poland.

Named above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski owner of Dzialoszyn, married Felicjanna Rudzka - daughter of Lukasz Rudzki, and Marianna Rzeczycka - with daughters:
Marianna and Anna.

Above
Marianna Mecinska b. ca 1700 ? / 1710 !, m. Wojciech Mecinski (b. 1691 - died in 1754 in Czestochowa) older, officer in Radom, MP in 1736, Wielun in 1712, Ostrzeszów in 1717,
owner of Choruny, Domanowice, Ryczow, Kielczowice, Karlin, Bogdanow, Krezna, Wulka, Bobolice, Zaleze, Niegowonice, Mzurow, Mstyczow, Rodakow, Nowa Wies, Zimnowoda, Ogrodzieniec,
Kleszczow, Wola Krzysztoporska;

WOJCIECH Mecinski older was the son of Kazimierz Jan Jozef Mecinski (1660 - 1703), of Radom, and Barbara Teofila Warszycka.

Michal Mecinski b. 1660, m. RUCKA / Rudzka also had 2 sons:

a. Jan MECINSKI of Wielun, General, friend of AUGUST III, the King of Poland;

b. second son was Wojciech Mecinski of Wielun and Radomsko [Wojciech Mecinski, 1698-1771], owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA [Anna Glogowska b. 1700]
with son Stanislaw

[Stanislaw Mecinski, 1732-1799 in Lublin, was landowner of Dzialoszyn, Ossym, Barwinek, Tylawa, officer in Wielun, MP 5 times, co-operated with August CZARTORYSKI, m. Rozalia Kurdwanowska of Baranow with 3 sons and daughters
{TEKLA m. Aleksander Giedrojc of Lithuania;
and Anna Mecinska, younger, b. 1775, daughter of Stanislaw b. 1732, owner of Dzialoszyn and Trebaczów, officer in Wielun 1759}:
Jozef,
Nepomucen,
Wincenty. Named above Jozef Mecinski, was lieutenant],

and with daughters [of mother ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA-MECINSKA]:

1. Anna MECINSKA + Adam Myszkowski of Wielun
[Anna was the 2nd wife of Adam Myszkowski b. 1705 - d. after 1778, MP in 1738, stayed in Kielczyglow;
Anna Mecinska b. ca 1710/1720 - died after 1774,
great-granddaughter of Konstanty Tomicki and Agnieszka Myszkowska];

2. ELZBIETA Mecinska, b. ca 1720, the lady-owner of Jedlno + Aleksander WALEWSKI [Aleksander Walewski older, b. 1700/1710 or in January 1719, died 1751/1778/1779].

Brief explanation to JEDLNO and IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI:

ELZBIETA Mecinska, b. ca 1720, owner of Jedlno + Aleksander WALEWSKI.
She was the daughter of
Wojciech Mecinski of Wielun and Radomsko [Wojciech Mecinski, 1698-1771], owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA [Anna Glogowska b. 1700];
and the granddaughter of
Michal Mecinski b. ca 1660, m. RUCKA / Rudzka.

Above Michal Mikolaj Mecinski / Michal Mecinski m. RUCKA / Rudzka was the son of
Stefan MECINSKI who m. Bronikowska.

Stefan was the son of
Jan Mecinski who married to TOMICKA, owner of Dukla and Barwinek, Colonel, with 3 sons:
Wojciech,
Pawel - Colonel,
above Stefan who m. Bronikowska.

Above named Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children:
Jan Mecinski;
Wojciech Mecinski 1698 - 1771 [Wojciech Mecinski was MP] - see JEDLNO !;
above Anna Mecinska;
Franciszek Mecinski;
Pelagia Mecinska;
Marianna Mecinska d. 1763.

Elzbieta Mecinska of JEDLNO, born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] daughter of
Wojciech MECINSKI of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP, who m. ANNA GLOGOWSKA-STADNICKA.
Wojciech was the son of
Michal MECINSKI / Michala Mikolaj Mecinski and Felicjana Rucka 1670 - 1714 or she died after this year [Michal Mecinski + Felicjanna Rudzka / Rucka had all 7 children]!

Elzbieta's husband -
Aleksander Walewski older, born in January 1719 [Aleksander Walewski older, b. 1700/1710 or in January 1719, died 1751/1778/1779], died 1779 + (ca 1746) Elzbieta Mecinska born ?, died ca 1780 [before 1781] daughter of
Wojciech MECINSKI of Wielun and Radomsko, owner of DZIALOSZYN, MP.

Aleksander Walewski older, b. January 1719, died 1779, was the son of Franciszek Walewski b. 1675/1690.

Mentioned above
Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski 1740-1796 had a daughter
Anna Magdalena Teresa Mecinska 1764-1812 m. Antoni Tymoteusz Stadnicki, 1774-1820,
with son:
Count Seweryn Stadnicki died in 1862.

Named Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski 1740 - 1796,
had a second daughter
Css Franciszka Mecinska 1775-1835 married Franciszek Ksawery Bystrzonowski / Franciszek Bystrzanowski
[the net to General Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Thomas Jefferson and Br. Bystrzanowski with George Washington], b. 1767; 2nd to Joachim Bobrowski, 1790 - 1835.

And Adam Albert's next daughters:
1.
Magdalena Mecinska b. ca 1780 m. August Miaczynski the Krzepice official, 1754 - 1794;
2.
Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 m. Antoni Jozef Lanckoronski, born 1777.

Above ADAM ALBERT MECINSKI had the sons:
1.
Wojciech Mecinski, MP in 1830/1831, Colonel, 1780-1839 m. Helena Stadnicka, 1770-1841;
2.
Stanislaw Walenty Mecinski, 1781-1846 m. Teresa Szembek.

Above JOZEF ANTONI STADNICKI had children:
Jan Jozef Stadnicki;
Michal Jan Stadnicki;
Szymon Stadnicki.

Above Jan Jozef Stadnicki died in 1766, Doctor, MP, had a son Michal Jan Stadnicki b. 1732, d. 1789.


The branch of Leopold Kronenberg of Brzezie and Wieniec, and of Ludwik Krasinski of Krasne close to Przasnysz:

After the death of Count Ludwik Krasinski in 1895, his daughter Maria Ludwika Krasinska took this big estate near to Przasnysz, and she was married in 1901 to Duke Adam Czartoryski.
Krasne in 1906 belonged to Czartoryski.
1895-1907 in the Krasne estate was living Marceli Nowotko, communist. In 1939 Erich Koch.

In Krasne was buried Ludwik Krasinski (1833-1895) and his wife Eliza Branicki (1820-1876). Eliza married twice. The poet, Zygmunt Krasinski was her the first husband and he was buried in Opinogora, close to Krasne.
The palace in Krasne was surrounded by a court park designed by the architect Walerian Kronenberg, in 1902-1907.
Walerian Kronenberg (1859 - 1934) was the son of
Juliusz Kronenberg b. ca 1823, and Wiktoria ROGOWSKA / Roguska. They were living in Minsk Mazowiecki.
Walerian Kronenberg b. in 1859 in Prawda, buried in Proboszczewice [close to Plonsk ?]; Prawda is situated in the Stoczek Lukowski community.

Kronenberg - Wolowski - Szymanowski: a political vision of the future of Poland by the eyes of the great Jews patriots.

Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval / Leon Ladislaus Lowenstein / Lenval Jean Ladislas Loewenstein, baron de, by 'Dictionnaire historique et biographique du comte de Nice',
was the brother of Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein de Lenval, baron,
son of Jakub Loewenstein de Lenval and Dorota Kronenberg.

Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka / Enna-Tiresa Timieniecka, died in 2014 come from the barons Loewenstein de Lenval.

Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval was industrialist and philanthropist. He was the third son among five children of a wealthy Jewish merchant Jacob Loewenstein and Dorothy Kronenberg, older sister of Leopold Kronenberg;
after graduating in 1855 of the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry at Marymont in Warsaw, he worked as administrator of property of Kronenberg in Brzezie in the area of Wloclawek.
1857 - went to Calvinism. 1882 lived mainly in Brussels and Nice.

Note on the Kronenberg family and BRZEZIE close to Wloclawek:

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK [see Lipno and Plock !], close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski [see also on the communist agents after 1990].

BRZEZIE was the land property of Jozef Dambski, b. ca 1810, son of Jozef Walenty Dambski b. 1777 and Marcjanna Marianna Leszczynska born 1785.

Jozef Dambski's great-grandparents:

Tomasz Dambski of Inowroclaw, 1690-1748;
Lukasz Madalinski of Kowal [see also on the communist agents after 1980], b. 1700;
Andrzej Leszczynski of Rawa Mazowiecka b. 1700;
Franciszek Kazimierz Lanckoronski of Brzezie and of Rawa Mazowiecka, 1723-1785;
Marianna Kolczynska b. 1690;
Ewa Estko b. 1740 [see KOSCIUSZKO];
Bazylea Woyczynska 1720-1751; and
Eleonora Garczynska 1722-1802.

Please remember on Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 (60s of the 19 cent. emigrated to Austrian Galicia), married before 1865 to Zuzanna Mayer [born ca 1840 / 1845 ?]; they were living in Zolkiew.
Zbigniew Brzezinski come from named Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr.

Marianna Agata Wolowska that is Maria Szymanowska married Jozef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland:
Helena (1811-61), who married a man named Malewski,
and twins Celina SZYMANOWSKA (1812-55), who married Adam Mickiewicz,
and Romuald (1812-40), who became an engineer.

Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia;
was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer.
Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski

[Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755;
Barbara was sister of:
Antoni Jozef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 m. Ewa Mecinska,
and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski].

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski,
next the property to the Kronenbergs
[with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo].
1873 - new palace;

Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and Brzezie taken his children:

Stanislaw Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887),

then Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937);

1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg;

the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg.

Above Leopold Julian Kronenberg.
Baron Leopold Julian Kronenberg (1849 in Warsaw - 1937 in Brzezie close to Brzesc Kujawski) was a Polish banker.
Named Leopold Julian Kronenberg died in 1937 in Brzezie, close to Brzesc Kujawski

[Wieniec - 7 km north-east to Brzesc Kujawski {see the communist agents after 2010}; Brzezie - 8 km north-west to Wieniec. Wieniec is situated 12 km west to WLOCLAWEK. Przybranowo - 27 km north-west to BRZEZIE {see the communist agents after 2007}],

near to Wloclawek.

Baron Leopold Julian Kronenberg (1849 in Warsaw), was the son of Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg b. 1812, and Ernestyna Rozalia Kronenberg.
Husband of Josephine Reszke-Kronenberg, and father of Jozefina Roza Kowalewska and Leopold Jan Kronenberg.
Baron Leopold Julian Kronenberg (1849 in Warsaw) was the brother of
Stanislaw Leopold Kronenberg;
Wladyslaw Edward Kronenberg;
Tekla Julia Kronenberg;
Maria Roza Taube and
Roza Maria Karolina Orsetti [copyright by Leszek Mila at geni.com].

Above Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg b. 1812, d. 1878 in Nice, was the Polish banker, investor and financier of Jewish origin, one of the leaders before the January Uprising 1863.

Maybe Leopold Kronenberg was the brother [or half-brother] of Juliusz Kronenberg b. ca 1823, who married to Wiktoria ROGOWSKA / Roguska, with the son Walerian Kronenberg (1859 - 1934). See KRASNE of Krasinski.

Leopold Kronenberg came from a wealthy family of Jewish rabbis.
His father was Samuel Eleazar Kronenberg (1773-1826) led the banking activities in Warsaw. Mother Tekla Levi (1775-1848).

Above Baron Seweryn Jakub Henryk Loewenstein (b. 1833, d. 1895) - Polish entrepreneur and manufacturer of Jewish origin. He was born as the son of James LOEWENSTEIN and Dorothy Kronenberg (sister of Leopold KRONENBERG).
He was the brother of Leon LOEWENSTEIN.
He was a co-founder and co-owner of plants Lilpop, Rau and Loewenstein in Warsaw.
1884 baron of the Saxon-Coburg-Gotha Duchy under Ernest II Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha.

Baron Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval married Maria Helena Kronenberg (1853-1895, daughter of Henryk Andrzej Kronenberg),
with children:
Leon Mieczyslaw (b. 1872)
and Maria Katarzyna Dorota (b. 1873, m. Count Izydor Colonna-Czosnowski).

Wladyslaw Jozef Ludwik Wolowski that is Ludwik Wolowski, Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland [with Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873];
he lived in Chamsk, close to Biezun [north-east], the
Mlawa county [32 km south-west to Mlawa and west of PRZASNYSZ];
b. ca 1829, died in 1895 in Warszawa, son of
Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 and Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863;
he married in 1851, Warszawa, to Jozefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875,
his family -
Adam Franciszek Gabriel WOLOWSKI, 1856-1900 + Maria Koziell-Poklewska, 1860-1891.

Above Adam Ernest Wolowski 1798-1868 - parents Adam WOLOWSKI 1770-1833, and Teresa Zalewska;

Above Jozefa Teofila Szymanowska, 1833-1875:
her father was Jakub Szymanowski, 1795/1797-1873 [Member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland in 1861; lived in ZBIKOW close to BLONIE];
her half-brother was Waclaw Cyryl Jakub 1821-1886 who married Michalina Naimska, 1833-1918.

Jakub Szymanowski, 1797 - 1873, was the son of Franciszek Szymanowski and Agata Wolowska;
Franciszek was born in 1750, in Warszawa; Agata was born in 1760, in Warszawa.
Jakub Szymanowski had sister Filipina Teofila Brzezinska (born Szymanowska).

Jakub married Anna Zawadzka, born in 1790, with 3 children: Waclaw Cyryl Jakub Szymanowski and 2 other;
Jakub SZYMANOWSKI married 2nd to Karolina Wolowska, born in 1809, in Pustynia, Galicja [close to Debica], Austria, with one daughter Jozefa Teofila Wolowska (born Szymanowska).

Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski, next the property to the Kronenbergs [with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo]. 1873 - new palace; Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and Brzezie taken his children:
Stanislaw Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887), then
Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937);
1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg;
the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg.

WIENIEC - in the first half of the nineteenth century the owners were Dambski and Miaczynski (Stanislaw Miaczynski was adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski). Then to above Leopold Kronenberg (1812-1878), a Warsaw banker, investor, one of the richest men in ex-Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century.

Named above Stanislaw Adam Miaczynski 1780-1845, was the son of Kajetan MIACZYNSKI;

Stanislaw's grandparents:

Antoni Miaczynski 1691-1774 [next of kin to Jozef Mikolaj Radziwill of Nieswiez, 1784-1788, the Minsk governor (1773-1784), 1736-1813] and
Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 - see Zbigniew Brzezinski.

Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785
- the daughter of MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI 1680 - 1748 [died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila],
and Teresa Rydzynska.

Granddaughter of WLADYSLAW Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719 [and DOROTA],
who was the son of WALERIAN, and
grandson of Duke MICHAL Woroniecki and Konstancja Stempkowski;
they come from NASTAZJA and Mateusz Maciej Woroniecki b. ca 1570 ?.

Above Antoni MIACZYNSKI come from Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski (1639 - 1723), the treasurer of the Crown court, the province governor of Volyn and colonel, was friend of Jan III Sobieski.

And we back again to Krasne close to Przasnysz:

Graf Joseph von Krasne-Krasinski b. ca 1840 ?
Maybe the son of Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski, ie. Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski, 1811-1849. Details:
Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski, ie. Stanislaw Kostka Krasinski, 1811-1849, the son of
Jozef Wawrzyniec Krasinski, b. 1783 in Zegrze, d. 1845 in Free City of Cracow [see Maria Trubecka in 1840 in Cracow]; and of Emilia Anna Ossolinska died in 1832.

And Dorota Jablonowska, b. 1820, the daughter of Antoni Jablonowski, 1793 - 1855; and of Paulina Mniszech [the Jablonowski and Mniszech families were CONSPIRATORS and FREEMASONS / Illuminati].

Above Jozef Wawrzyniec Onufry Krasinski, b. 1783 [see on ZEGRZE !], was the son of
Kazimierz Jan Krasinski and Anna Ossolinski;
and the grandson of
Antoni Krasinski b. 1693, and Barbara ZIELINSKI.
The great-grandson of
Jakub Krasinski, 1670/1680 - 1737 and Barbara KUKLINSKI.

Count Jozef Krasinski of Krasne, b. ca 1840, married
Helena Korwin-Krasinski (nee Stadnicka) b. 1844 in Krysowice / Krysovychi - close to Mosciska and near to the Polish border.
Daughter of Edward Piotr Franciszek Stadnicki b. 1817 in Lviv.
Granddaughter of
Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki b. 1765;
the great-granddaughter of
Piotr Stadnicki b. ca 1735/1740 ? - d. 1819, and Apolonia Chronowski.

The great-great-granddaughter of
Jozef Stadnicki b. ca 1710, died in 1772 - the son of Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki b. ca 1680 ?; died 1737.

Note to above Edward Piotr Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1817:

Edward was the son of Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki who was the son of
Piotr Stadnicki b. 1740, d. 1819;
the grandson of Jozef Stadnicki 1710-1772 and Marcjanna Morska.

Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki [b. 1765 in Jakubkowice, d. in ZMIGROD in 1842], m. Tekla Stadnicka in 1804 [see below].
They had children:
Teresa Maria Glogowska b. 1808;
Izabela Maria KRASICKI, b. 1812;
Edward Piotr Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1817.

TEKLA Stadnicka b. 1775, married above Jan Kanty Edward Stadnicki b. 1765;
Tekla Stadnicka was the daughter of
Franciszek Stadnicki 1742-1810 + Teresa Wezyk b. ca 1748
[see below !]. Teresa Wezyk, the daughter of Jozef WEZYK + Helena Jordan.

Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1742, was the son of
Antoni Stadnicki of Ostrzeszow, 1710-1777 + Teresa Potocka.

Also Franciszek Stadnicki and Teresa Wezyk had the son -
Antoni Stadnicki junior

[Antoni Waclaw Michal Egidiusz Franciszek Stadnicki, b. 1771 in Opatow, died in 1836 in Trzcinica] + Jozefa Jablonowski [the daughter of Stanislaw Jablonowski];
Antoni Stadnicki, junior, acted in WIELUN and was the owner of DUKLA, Gorzyce, LEZYN, Ropianki, and in 1801 of ZMIGROD, but in 1795 moved to Netherlands, until ca 1799.

Brief note to
Jozef WEZYK older + Helena Jordan, born ca 1730, lived in BRONISZEWICE:

Broniszewice / Bronischewitz, 9 km north-west to PLESZEW [see Jakub Kiedrzynski], 9 km north-east to CZERMIN; 5 km north to Pacanowice and 4 km north-west to GRODZISKO. 18 km north-east to KOTLIN, 22 km north-east to DOBRZYCA, 24 km north to SOBOTKA.



PODOLE / Podolia and Freemasons - Conspirators:

Teresa Stadnicka, 1749 - 1826, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski, was the wife of Tadeusz Grabianka, the ILLUMINATI.
They owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice at Podole / Podolia.

Named Stanislaw Stadnicki [b. ca 1710 ?] was the son of
Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.
Husband of Martyna Stadnicka.
Brother of Franciszek Ksawery Stadnicki.

Above JAN Stadnicki [b. ca 1680 ?]: died in 1740, the son of
Mikolaj Franciszek Stadnicki. Above MIKOLAJ Stadnicki [b. ca 1650 ?]: died in 1714, the son of
Franciszek Stadnicki 1st [b. ca 1620/1630 ?].

From the same branch of the Stadnickis was Franciszek Stadnicki:
b. ca 1629/1630, d. 1663 [= Franciszek Stadnicki 1st, b. ca 1620/1630].

Franciszek was the son of Mikolaj Stadnicki, 1580/1600 - 1629;
grandson of Andrzej Stadnicki
[Mikolaj b. ca 1580, was the brother of MAREK Stadnicki b. ca 1570]
and Anna Niedrzwiecka.

Mikolaj Stadnicki d. 1629, MP, the Sanok official; Mikolaj's brother was Marek Stadnicki - they together visited Germany, England, Niemczech, Francji, Anglii, Netherlands and Italy. Studied at Bolonia and Padwa in 1611.

Mikolaj was the son of Andrzej Stadnicki + Anna Niedrzwiecki.

MIKOLAJ STADNICKI b. ca 1580, was the brother of
Stanislaw Stadnicki;
Barbara;
Domicela;
Marek Stadnicki b. ca 1570
[PIOTR Stadnicki, b. 1598 m. ELZBIETA JORDAN. Piotr was the son of Marek Stadnicki of Lichwin, 1560/1570-1611. Jan Stadnicki b. 1636, and Katarzyna Kowieska. Jan's father: Piotr Stadnicki, b. 1598, died in 1636, and Elzbieta Jordan b. ca 1610 - Elzbieta Stadnicki of Lichwin, was married 3 times. Jordan was the owner of Zakliczyn].

Mikolaj Stadnicki, b. ca 1580, married to Regina Anna Borek, with 5 children:
above Franciszek Stadnicki / Franciszek Stadnicki 1st, b. ca 1620/1630;
Mikolaj Stadnicki, second;
Krystyna;
Zofia;
Marianna + 3rd to Stanislaw Sicinski.

We know also on:
Jan Stadnicki, b. 1636, married Katarzyna Kowieska.

ANTONI STADNICKI, the official in Ostrzeszow, Czernihow, and Wyszogrod, the owner of Kobyle; Roznow; Zbyszyce; named Zbyszyce - south to ROZNOW - north to Nowy Sacz [1772 in Austria].
Antoni's father -
Wladyslaw Jozef Stadnicki [Wladyslaw Stadnicki had 2 brothers: 1668-1745 and 1671-1721] b. ca 1670 - 1737; he was the son of
Jan Stadnicki b. 1636, and Katarzyna Kowieska.
Jan's father:
Piotr Stadnicki, b. 1598, died in 1636, and Elzbieta Jordan b. ca 1610
- Elzbieta Stadnicki of Lichwin, was married 3 times. Jordan was the owner of Zakliczyn.

PIOTR Stadnicki, b. 1598 m. ELZBIETA JORDAN. Piotr was the son of mentioned Marek Stadnicki of Lichwin, 1560/1570-1611.

Count Maurycy Beniowski and PODOLE in 1768/1769:

"Beniowski", a poem written and composed by Juliusz Slowacki. The first section was published in 1841, however the remaining parts were written by Antoni Malecki after Slowacki's death in 1849.
"The content of the poem summarizes the events that occurred during the infamous Bar Confederation in 1768; the fight against the Russians and rebellious Ruthenian peasants, which took place in the Eastern borderlands of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It's the story of Maurycy Beniowski.

Count MAURYCY BENIOWSKI / Maurice Benyovszky de Benyo et Urbano, b. 1741/1746, d. 1786, adventurer and writer from the Kingdom of Hungary, in 1769, while fighting for the Polish armies under the Bar Confederation, he was captured by the Russians and exiled to Kamchatka. He subsequently escaped and returned to Europe via Macau and Mauritius.
MAURYCY Benyovszky fled to Poland to join his uncle, Jan Tibor Benyowski de Benyo, a Polish nobleman. He was arrested in July 1768 in Szepesszombat / Spisska Sobota, close to Poprad, for trying to organize a Confederation of Bar militia.
"[copyright by Wikipedia] ... In July 1768, BENIOWSKI travelled to Poland to join the patriotic forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, who had organised resistance in the Confederation of Bar, the rebellion against Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski, lately installed by Russia. In April 1769, he was captured by the Russian forces near TARNOPOL

{of POTOCKI:
in 1771 Jozef Potocki sold Stanislawow to Katarzyna Kossakowska.
His brother Franciszek Potocki was owner of TARNOPOL, but in 1771 Franciszek transferred Tarnopol to hands of JOZEF Potocki, younger.
The 1771, it's death of Wiktoria Potocka, b. ca 1742/1744 - 1771, the sister of named Franciszek.
But it's not clear a date of Franciszek's death. Franciszek was childless. Franciszek / Franciszek Ksawery Potocki [d. 1757 ??] was the son of Stanislaw Potocki (1698 - died 1760) + in 1733 to HELENA ZAMOYSKA b. 1717, d. 1760 in BRODY, the daughter of Michał Zdzisław Saryusz Zamoyski}

ie. Ternopil in the Ukraine, imprisoned in the town of Polonne, before being transferred to Kiev in July 1769, and finally to Kazan in September 1769.
An escape attempt from Kazan brought him to St Petersburg in November 1769, where he was recaptured and sent to the far east of Siberia as a prisoner (Spring of 1770 ?). In the company of several other exiles and prisoners - most notably the Swede August Winbladh, and the Russian army-officers Vasilii Panov, Asaf Baturin and Ippolit Stepanov, all of whom played a major role in Benyovszky's life in the next two years - he reached Bolsheretsk, at that time the administrative capital of Kamchatka, in September 1770...".

Ternopil / Tarnopol / Ternopol, in western Ukraine, located on the banks of the Seret River.

TARNOPOL - it passed to Marie Casimire, the wife of king John III Sobieski in 1690. In 1737, Jozef Potocki bought TARNOPOL [d. 1751] and in 1747 he invited the Dominicanes and founded the Dominican Church in TARNOPOL. The Potockis owned POMORZANY close to Tarnopol, until 1939.

Tarnopol "was looted during the Confederation of Bar (1768-1772) by the confederates, the king's army, and by the Russians. In 1770 it was devastated by an outbreak of smallpox. In 1772, after the First Partition of Poland, the city came under Austrian rule".

Above
Jozef Potocki, 1673 - 1751, Great Commander of the Crown in 1735.
Jozef POTOCKI was the Governor of Kijow in 1702 to 1744, Poznan in 1743, Cracow in 1748; the official in Halicz, Warsaw, Lezajsk, Kolomyja, Czerwonogrod, Sniatyn and Bolemow.
He owned STANISLAWOW; Tarnopol from hands of Jakub Sobieski in 1737.
Also the landlord of ZBARAZ, Tomaszow, Jozefow, and Niemirow.
In 1739 Jozef Potocki "fought" against Russian Army.
Jozef Potocki, older, died in his estate ZALOZCE in 1751.

ZBARAZ:

Ernestyna Woroniecka nee Kropaczek, b. ca 1850, was the wife of Maksymilian Woroniecki [born ca 1840; a branch of the Galicia Woroniecki clan from - ?? - Brzezany, Zloczow, Zbaraz], and
the mother of Zofia Brzezinska.

Duke Dymitr Wisniowiecki restored the castle in ZBARAZ;
after the death of Michal Wisniowiecki, the governor of Wilno, the last of the dukes Wisniowiecki (died 1774), Zbaraz and estates came under the ownership of the house of Potocki [1774 or before 1751].

Above Zofia Brzezinska nee Woroniecka, the daughter of Maksymilian Woroniecki b. ca 1840, maybe come from Wincenty Woroniecki (ca 1780 - 1826), Colonel

[with dauhters Anna Woroniecka m. 1825 to Zygmunt Piotr Los, and
Ignacja Woroniecka, m. Piotr Stadnicki of Zmigrod b. ca 1800,
with the daughter Amelia Czetwertynska and a sons Tomasz Stadnicki and Wincenty Stadnicki.
PIOTR STADNICKI was the son of
Ignacy Stadnicki b. ca 1750, and Zofia POLETYLLO, b. ca 1760.
Zofia's sister was maybe MARIANNA b. ca 1755.
Edward Jozef Krasicki 1831-1877 was the brother of Count Witold Krasicki b. 1822 in Worokomle; they both were sons of
Leon Krasicki d. 1859 in Hlusza;
the grandsons of count Karol Stanislaus Krasicki, b. 1776;
the great-grandsons of Stanislaw Krasicki the owner of Machnowo, and Marianna Poletyllo / Marianna Katarzyna Poletyllo / Poletylo.
Above mentioned Stanislaw KRASICKI, b. ca 1750, was the son of
Wincenty Franciszek Krasicki, 1709-1752.
Count Wincenty Krasicki, 1709-1752, m. Maria Jozefa Szaniawska.
He was the owner of Worokomla and Wielka Hlusza.
Then Hlusza belonged to his son - Stanislaw Krasicki, the BELZ official, m. Maria Poletylo],

or from Jozef Woroniecki (ca 1807 - 1885, insurrgent of 1830 - 1831, Hungaria in 1848 - 1849, then in Turkey).

Mentioned above Zofia Brzezinska b. circa 1866 / 1870, died 1941 in BORUJA, west border of Poland, buried in Laczki Jagiellonskie, close to Krosno.
Mother of Tadeusz Brzezinski and Bogdan Brzezinski.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski, b. 1773 in Baworowo, d. 1847 / 1857, politician, translator, freemason;
the son of Antoni HORODYSKI, of Kiev, and Justyna Marchocki;

Andrzej Horodyski, in 1796 was an activist of Centralization of Lviv.
In 1798, he moved to Warsaw, where he became director, after ERASMUS Mycielski
[see Bardzki, Walknowski and Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI of KALISZ - compare Wilkowo Polskie of Zamoyska-Kiedrzynska and to SZOLDRSKI],
of the Society of Polish Republicans, as Andrzej Dumanski. In 1801, ran encrypted correspondence with Hugo Kollataja.
In 1802, formed in Odessa the store of Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp.;
also with P. Maleszewski [ILLUMINATI], J. K. Szaniawski and J. Drzewiecki

[see The Drzewiecki family and DUFLON in St Petersburg - line to Konstantynowicz and Breguet; Konstantynowicz and Armand; Armand and General Franciszek Paszkowski; Paszkowski + General Stanislaw FISZER and General Tadeusz KOSCIUSZKO; Kosciuszko - Thomas Jefferson; Kosciuszko and Br. Bystrzanowski in 1776].

In 1831, HORODYSKI was the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

BAWOROWO = Baworow, 72 km north-east-north to BEREMIANY of UJEJSKI !:
The Baworowo castle in the TARNOPOL county; close to Zastaw;
21 south-east to Tarnopol / Tiernopil; west to SKALAT; south to ZBARAZ.

Brody - see PASZKOWSKI - ca 90 km north-west to Tarnopol. A wooden castle was located on a hill, and in the 17th century, the stronghold was rebuilt. The Malecki family around 1800 abandoned the castle; in 1851, the estate was bought by Count Wiktor Baworowski from Malecki.

In 1761 Jozef Potocki younger, took Studenica by the Dniestr river, Jozef Potocki (1734 - 1802) younger.

Stanislawow took Wincenty Potocki, under care of his relative, Katarzyna Kossakowska - see FRANKISTS; in 1765 under care of Jozef Potocki younger. Stanislawow in 1768 and 1769 was taken by Russians.

In 1770, Jozef Potocki, younger, took Stanislawow, Lysiec, the Warsaw palace, and TYSMIENNICA.

In 1771 Jozef Potocki sold Stanislawow to Katarzyna Kossakowska.

His brother Franciszek Potocki was owner of TARNOPOL, but in 1771 Franciszek transferred Tarnopol to hands of JOZEF Potocki, younger. Jozef Potocki died in 1802 in Wien, but was buried in TARNOPOL.

The 1771, it's death of Wiktoria Potocka, b. ca 1742/1744 - 1771, the sister of named Franciszek.
But it's not clear a date of Franciszek's death. Franciszek was childless.

Franciszek / Franciszek Ksawery Potocki [d. 1757 ??] was the son of
Stanislaw Potocki (1698 - died 1760) + in 1733 to HELENA ZAMOYSKA b. 1717, d. 1760 in BRODY, the daughter of Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski the Smolensk governor; 1679-1735.

In 1772 Tysmiennica was sold by Jozef Potocki to Jozef Czosnowski.

Seweryn Potocki in 1793 moved home to St Petersburg.
Seweryn Potocki 1756-1829. SEWERYN Potocki the son of named
Jozef Potocki (1734/1735-1802 in Wien, buried in TARNOPOL; the owner of TARNOPOL) and grandson of
Stanislaw Potocki (died 1760) and HELENA ZAMOYSKA,
the great-grandson of Jozef Potocki [d. 1751] older + LESZCZYNSKA.

Consorts of JOZEF POTOCKI, older, died in 1751:
Wiktoria Leszczynska;
Ludwika Mniszech / Mniszek b. 1712, d. 1785, married to Jozef Potocki, 1673-1751.

Ludwika Mniszech 1st, was the sister of
Jerzy August MNISZECH, b. 1715 + Maria BRUHL;
Jan Karol Mniszech, b. 1716 + Katarzyna ZAMOYSKA [FREEMASON]

{JAN's daughter
Ludwika Mniszech 2nd, married Duke August Sulkowski,
the POZNAN governor (1782), General Lieutenant, Senator, the Gniezno governor (1768), the KALISZ governor (1778), 1729 - 1786.

Duke AUGUST was the brother of
Aleksander Antoni Sulkowski;
Marianna Szembek;
Franciszek Sulkowski, Duke;
Antoni Sulkowski;
Joanna Sapieha.
Half brother of Urszula Marianna Sulkowska;
Teresa Apolonia Wielopolska;
Kazimierz Kunegund Sulkowski;
and Stanislaw Sulkowski.

Famous Jozef Sulkowski in 1779 to 1782 with an uncle or a grandfather was in Naples, Flanders, Netherlands, England, Spain, Portugal, Paris to Marie-Antoinette d'Autriche;
in 1783 in Russia to Ekatherina II who given to him title of officer.
I am thinking that a boy Jozef Sulkowski was taken into the care of a wealthy uncle, the Duke Casimir Augustus Sulkowski. August fancied himself that Jozef is an adoptive son; Duke took him on nearly 3-years tour in Europe. Joseph Sulkowski was taken to the highest courts. Particular sympathy to him showed the queen of France, Marie Antoinette. According to the chroniclers, made him a page to her; Prince August died in 1786.

Above named Duke August Sulkowski died on 7 Jan. 1786 and given to Jozef Sulkowski the title of the 'Commandor of the Malta Order' with 12000 'zlotych' per year;
Jozef in 1786 served 10th regiment of the Polish army; Dec. 1791 Captain, 1792 in Lithuania on the Zelva river banks fought against the Russian Army (Virtuti Militari) under General Michal Zabello / Zabiella 1760-1815; escaped from Poland in Autumn 1792 to Paris.
1793 the French citizen,
and Jozef Sulkowski in 1793 married daughter of Jean-Michel de Venture de Paradis 1739-1799;
1793 served the secret service of the 'Convention nationale' in Syria, India, Constantinopole, but in Autumn 1794 back to Poland, under Tadeusz Kosciuszko troops;
around Nov. 1794 back to Paris, on 1 May 1796 the French Army; in 1796 - 1797 Italy:
a friend of Napoleon Bonaparte and on 27th October 1796 his Adjutant.

Alexander Sulkowski b. 1730 / 1731 - 1786, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire from 1752, lieutenant general of the royal army in 1785, Austrian field marshal, was the son of Alexander Joseph Sulkowski;
the Order of Malta cavalier.

Franciszek Sulkowski / Francis Sulkowski Sulima born in 1733, died on April 28, 1812, prince of the Holy Roman Empire from 1752, inspector general of infantry,
Chamberlain of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, and superior of the Commandery of St. John the Baptist, of the Knights of Malta since 1776 to ?,
the Austrian court chamberlain from 1754.

Jozef Sulkowski's father was Franciszek SULKOWSKI, prince 1733 - 1812
(copyright by B. C. Biega};

Elzbieta Mniszech, 1720-1746 + KAROL Wielopolski.

Above Wiktoria Leszczynska had children:
Zofia Potocka,
Stanislaw Potocki.

Above Stanislaw Potocki (1698 - died 1760) was a Grand Guard of the Crown from 1728, voivode of Smolensk Voivodeship from 1735 to 1744, voivode of Kiev Voivodeship from 1744 to 1756, voivode of Poznan Voivodeship from 1756, the official in Halicz, Kolomyia, and Sniatyn.

Stanislaw was married to Marianna Laszcz and they had two children, Antoni Potocki (born before 1734) and Anna Elzbieta Potocka.

Stanislaw Potocki was later married to Helena Zamoyska 1717-1760, with whom he had ten more children:

Stanislaw Potocki 1734-1802;
Jozef Potocki, 1735-1802, + in Pikow, 1760, to Anna Teresa Ossolinska
[with the sons:
Seweryn Potocki 1756-1829;
Jan Potocki 1761-1815;
Franciszek Ksawery Potocki (1775-1835)];
Piotr Potocki b. 1736, died in 1766,
Franciszek Ksawery Potocki, b. 1738 in LEZAJSK, died in 1757;
Wincenty GAWEL Potocki, 1740-1825, married 5 times + Urszula Maria Zamoyska b. 1750, + Anna Mycielska b. 1760;
Wiktoria Potocka, b. ca 1742/1744 - 1771;
Ludwika Potocka CETNER, b. 1744, d. 1783;
Ignacy Potocki (1746-?),
Michal Potocki, b. 1748;
Ksawery Potocki b. 1750, d. 1842;
and Teofilia Potocka MOSZYNSKA, b. 1740, d. 1800.

Above
Jozef Potocki (1734-1802) was a Great Carver of the Crown from 1776 to 1780, the Lezajsk official; was married to Anna Teresa Ossolinska.
They had three children together:
Jan Potocki,
Seweryn Potocki and
Maria Anna Potocka.

Mentioned
Count Jan Potocki born in 1761 d. 1815, Polish Army Captain of Engineers, ethnologist, Egyptologist, adventurer, and popular author of the Enlightenment period;
He is known for his novel, The Manuscript Found in Saragossa [cabbalists tell him an intertwining series of bizarre, amusing, and fantastic tales which he records in his diary].

TARNOPOL

- owned by the Sobieski clan;
ie. Maria Kazimiera d'Arquien, then Konstanty Sobieski and Jakub Ludwik Sobieski in 1716.
Tarnopol was sold to Jozef Potocki in 1742 by Michal Kazimierz Radziwill Rybenko, whom Maria Karolina Sobieska, the daughter of Jakub Ludwik Sobieski, wrote down her entire estate.

Count Franciszek Korytowski younger, b. 1740, had a mother from PRUSINOWO close to Kornik.
His son Franciszek Wincenty Ignacy Korytowski of Galicia, 1768-1832, was the owner of Tarnopol in the 19th century.
His granddaughter Joanna married to Michal BAWOROWSKI.
The grandson of Franciszek Wincenty Korytowski,
ie. Erazm Korytowski married to Malwina Kazimiera Starzenska 1809-1894.
Malwina was the great-granddaughter of
Mateusz Bokowski, official in Halicz, 1720-1789;
Aniela Biberstein-Trembinska;
and Aniela Ludwika Komorowska, 1743-1787.

Aniela Komorowska was the granddaughter of
Jan Komorowski the Nowogrodek official, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska.

Note: Franciszek Potocki - inf. in Zbaraz, close to Tarnopol in 1841.

Compare the line Sulimierski - Komorowski - Prusimski and Dambski - Miaczynski and Woronicki:

The Wieniec PALACE was founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski.
Wieniec was property of MIACZYNSKI in 1824;
Count Captain Stanislaw Miaczynski was a companion and aide to Duke Jozef Poniatowski, to his death in Elster (19.10.1813);
after the Napoleonic campaign Miaczynski returned to the Polish Kingdom and in 1824 bought Wieniec and Kuczyny.

His son - Count Mieczyslaw Miaczynski born 1818 - was the Polish Army colonel;

MIECZYSLAW's mother was Michalina Prusinski / Michalina Prusimska.

Stanislaw Miaczynski was the justice of the peace at the WLOCLAWEK district; in July 1831 Field Marshal Ivan Paskevich sequestrated above estates of Miaczynski for participation in the November Uprising.
In 1850 Miaczynski built here the Palace and park;
after 1863 - for participation in the January Uprising - the Miaczynski assets were confiscated by Russian government and sold to Francis Nowinski.
In 1865 owned by Jan Krauze, then
in 1869 Leopold Kronenberg bought Wieniec from Maria Jacobi Krauze.

Above Michalina Zofia Ostrorog-Prusimska / Michalina Prusimska of Kolno, 1781-1851,
was the daughter of Marianna Dambska b. 1750

[her father was top clark in KOWAL close to Wloclawek and Brzesc Kujawski.
See in Kowal strong communist underground after 1980].

MICHALINA's grandfather -
Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750;
and her great-grandfather
Jan Komorowski of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719
who married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. 1670 [see Wola Pszczolecka].

Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760, was the son of
Jan Komorowski of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska.

Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750.

Above Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, the daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka; they had all 4 sons:
above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski;
above named Ignacy Komorowski;
Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice;
and Piotr Komorowski, d. 1747.

Above MICHALINA Prusimska married two times:
1. Count Jozef Dambski b. 1790;
2. Stanislaw Adam Miaczynski, MP in 1830-1831; 1780-1845.

MICHALINA's children:

1. Count Aleksander Adam Stanislaw Miaczynski, 1810-1869, m. Bronisława Kalkstein;
2. Wlodzimierz Miaczynski 1811-1879;
3. above Mieczyslaw Miaczynski 1818-1887;
4. Count Witold Michal Miaczynski 1823-1880 m. Klementyna Klemencja Cecylia Glinska.

Above Stanislaw Adam Miaczynski, 1780-1845 was the son of Kajetan Jan Aleksander Miaczynski 1754-1801 and Teresa Teodora Rafalowicz, 1749-1843; and
grandson of Antoni Miaczynski, 1691-1774 and Pss Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz [see Zbigniew Brzezinski], 1712-1785 -
she was the daughter of Duke Mikolaj Wojciech Woroniecki of Zbaraz, born ca 1680, d. 1748
- in Dziembowo, buried in Chodziez, clark in Czernihow (1742-1748), Volhynia in 1723 and 1712-1715, in Sroda (1718-1744).

Above Pss Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 m. Antoni Miaczynski, and they had also
a daughter Antonia Aniela Miaczynska 1744-1813 who married to
Duke Jozef Mikolłaj Radziwill of Nieswiez, 1736-1813,
with children:
Duke Jozef Radziwill b. 1762, and Duke Antoni Radziwill, 1765-1810.

Mentioned above Jozef Mikolaj Radziwill was top officer in Troki in 1788, and 1784, in Minsk in 1773, Duke, was the son of
Marcin Mikolaj Radziwill 1705-1782,
and grandson of
Jan Mikolaj Radziwill, Duke, b. 1681 in Kleck, died in 1729 - he was
the son of Dominik Mikolaj Radziwill, Prince and Anna Marianna POLUBINSKA.

Above Jan Mikolaj Radziwill was the brother of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll, Prince who had son -

Stanislaw Radziwill, b. 1722 in Berdyczow, died in 1787.

STANISLAW RADZIWILL was the father of
Mikolaj Radziwill, Prince;
Franciszka Teofila Soltan

[her children:
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka
{the wife of Jozef Piottuch - see KONSTANTYNOWICZ};
Helena Soltan
and Anna Soltan];

Jurgis Radvila;
Teofila Radziwill and
Anna Barbara MOSTOWSKA [see Wankowicz and Tyzenhauz].

Mieczyslaw Miaczynski 1818-1887:

Captain Count Mieczyslaw Miaczynski was the justice of the peace in the district of Wloclawek.
The composer of a folk dances, among others dedicated to Css Mary Wodzinski Skarbek [she was the friend of Slowacki and Chopin];
the owner of above named WIENIEC and BRZEZIE in 1847, but after 1863 confiscated.



Explanation to Ludwika Mniszech:

1.

Ludwika Mniszech, married Potocka, was born in 1712, as the daughter of the Great Crown Marshal, and the Governor of Cracow, Jozef Antoni Mniszech [Jozef MNISZECH, 1675 - 1747], and his second wife, Konstancja Tarlo, b. ca 1690 - d. 1740 [Jozef's 1st wife - married in 1694 to Eleonora Oginska, b. 1676, the daughter of Szymon Karol Oginski, died in 1699].

Ludwika the 1st, Mniszech, was the second wife of the governor of Cracow, Jozef Potocki, who, almost 40 years younger than himself, married her in 1732.
Jozef Potocki died in 1751 and was buried in Stanislawow, and widowed Ludwika Potocka founded him numerous epitaphs, including in Stanislawow, Lviv, Dukla and Krasiczyn.

2.

Ludwika Mniszech 2nd, 1751-1799, was the daughter of Jan Karol Mniszech, 1716-1759, General lieutenant of the crown army, chamberlain in Lithuania (1742), and mother was Katarzyna Zamoyska.

Ludwika Mniszech married on June 19, 1766, in Golebie, to Duke August Kazimierz Sulkowski (1729-1786), the son of Prince Aleksander Sulkowski and Maria Franciszka Stein zu Jettingen.

They did not have children.


"... In 1798, following Napoleon's taking of Malta, the Order was dispersed, but with a large number of refugee Knights sheltering in St Petersburg, where they elected the Russian Emperor, Paul I as their Grand Master, replacing Ferdinand Hompesch then held in disgrace. Hompesch abdicated in 1799 ... Paul I was the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, and the ladership of the Roman Catholic order. ...

There is disagreement about what happened next. Following Imperial Decrees of Alexander I of Russia in 1810-1811, the properties of Russian Grand Priory of Russia was nationalized ...
Nevertheless, the Tsars have exceptionally authorised the eldest sons of the descendants of hereditary commanders to wear the decorations. ...
One can also find the name of Demidoff, in his quality as hereditary commander in the Almanach de Gotha ...
In the Division of Petitions of His Imperial Majesty's Chancery, for 1912, ... permission is given to Count Alexander Vladimirovitch Armfeldt to wear the insignia of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, with the transfer of that right, after his death, to his son. ...
Portraits of Russian nobility wearing insignias of the Order of St John can be found throughout the 19th Century ...

Count Vassiliev, a 19th-century Knight Commander, and Minister of Finance under Alexander I of Russia...".

Explanation to above VASSILIEV / VASILIEV:

The life of Josephine / Josephine Friedrichs, born Mercier was full of romance adventures for the first time when she was 14 years old!
She was born in 1778 or ca 1780 in Paris in the family of artisan Mercier.
Very young Josephine entered the service in the fashionable Parisian store of Madame Boudet de Terre / Mrs. Budde de Terre. "Juju", as everyone called her, at the age of 14 she gone to England. After spending four years in one of the London boarding houses, the next two years, Josephine lived with her patron, who then suddenly died without a will, and not marrying her.

Josephine, in 1798, met in London a German [married him ca 1803] who came from Russia, who was called Colonel Baron Alexander von Friedrichs, a wealthy landowner from the Baltic region;
in fact - Eustache Ivanovich Friederichs (about 1772 - after 1834), the son of Revel's bourgeois.

Her husband back to Russia, leaving his wife temporarily in London. Josephine decided to go to Russia in 1805 to St. Petersburg. Here she learned that Friedrichs was a simple courier who had recently traveled to England with the dispatches of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs!

She was welcomed by an old acquaintance, Mrs. Budde de Terre, who now lived in Petersburg and had a fashion store! She went to her shop in the manager's office. Soon Alexander Friedrichs returned from the Caucasus and persuaded Josephine to return to him. After living with him for two years in poverty [1806-1807], in a rented small apartment, she decided to divorce him. Josephine met Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich [1807].

Josephine found a lover, friend and patron: in 1807, she divorced her husband and settled in the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, and in 1808 she had a son named Pavel Konstantinovich Alexandrov.

Interesting details left in the memories of the famous Denis Davydov. Denis Vasilyevich Davydov (b. 1784, Moscow) is a Russian poet.

Konstantin Pavlovich missed them and in 1813 he wrote to Count Vasilyev. Count Vladimir Fedorovich Vasilyev (1782 - 1839, Moscow) - nephew of the Minister of Finance Alexei Ivanovich Vasiliev [the MALTA ORDER !], the son-in-law of Ivan Kutaisov, in 1820-23, the Tula governor.

Ulyana (Josephine) Mikhailovna Aleksandrova, nee Mercier, m. Friderichs, in the second - Weiss (1788 - 1824). According to the memoirs, Josephine was charming.

Note 1:

The first genealogy of Arseny:

Count Pavel Pavlovich Demidov / Demidoff, 2nd Prince San Donato, 1839-1885, owned approximately 100 factories in Russian and 1 million squares kilometers of land in Russia, France and in Italy. He move to Villa Pratolino, named as Villa Demidoff, and m. 2nd time to Helena or Elena Petrovna, Princess Troubetzekaya, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, b. St. Peterburg in 1853, d. Odessa in 1917;

Aurora Pavlovna Demidova, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, Princess of Serbia, and later Countess Noghera, born in San Donato in 1873 or 1874, d. Marseille, in 1943 (? - Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), eldest daughter of the second marriage of the above Prince Pavel Pavlovich Demidov;

Aurora m. first to Arsene Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1859-1938, son of Alexandar Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1806-1885 and Persida Nenadovic, 1813-1873.
General of the Russian army; Comander-General of the Yugoslavian army. He was brother of Peter I, King of Serbians, Croats and Slovens, later King of Yugoslavia, 1844-1921. Prince Arsene divorced in 1896. Paul Karadordevic, Prince of Yugoslavia, b. 1893, was educated at the University of Oxford.

The second genealogy of Arseny:

A wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:

Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev;

her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov;

her grandfather Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826,

her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804;

her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817;

her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812.

Above mentioned Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic / Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1806 - 1885), Prince of Serbia in 1842 - 1858. After his father's death in 1817, he was living in Russia and served to the Russian army to 1840. He left two sons: Peter I of Yugoslavia (1844-1921), 1903 the king of Serbia, 1918 the King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; and above named Arseny (1859 - 1938); his son, Prince Paul was a regent of Yugoslavia in 1934 - 1941.

Note 2:

Alexander Vladimirovitch Armfeldt

- he had the two sons - Kiril and Vladimir.

Alexander Vladimirovich Durasoff b. 1886, was the husband of Xenia Armfelt.

Above Xenia Armfelt b. 1889 was the daughter of Alexander Armfelt and Sofie von Morder.

Named Alexander Armfelt b. 1862 and died in 1941 in Menton, France - see KONSTANTYNOWICZ !

Son of Mauritz Wladimir Armfelt and Alexandrine BILDERLING. Mentioned Mauritz Wladimir Armfelt b. 1827 in Helsinki, Finland.
Son of Alexander Armfelt and Sigrid OXENSTIERNA.
Named above Alexander Armfelt b. 1794 in Riga, Latvia.
Son of Count Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt and Hedvig DE LA GARDIE.

Note 3:

Anna Charlotte Dorothea von Biron / Anna Charlotte Dorothea von Medem b. 1761 at Mezotne, now Latvia, d. 1821, became Duchess of Courland;
had daughters, Wilhelmine and Pauline.

In 1779, eighteen-year-old Dorothea became the third wife of the 55-year-old, childless Duke Peter von Biron, son of the famous Ernst Johann von Biron. The couple had six children;
Dorothea, was probably illegitimate, although recognized by the Duke.

Dorothea von Biron, Princess of Courland, Duchess of Dino, Talleyrand and Sagan / Dorothee de Courlande / Dorothe de Dino, b. 1793, d. 1862; lived into the highest social circles.

Anna Charlotte Dorothea von Medem b. 1761 at Mezotne, now Latvia, d. 1821,
"(by Wikipedia) because her husband was preoccupied with political difficulties at home involving his overlord the King of Poland and the Courland nobility, he frequently sent her on diplomatic missions to Warsaw, lasting months at a time, and to Berlin, Karlovy Vary, and Saint Petersburg for shorter periods. During these long absences Dorothea became alienated from her husband and had numerous love affairs with other men, including Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, Talleyrand, and the Polish nobleman Alexander Batowski, who fathered her fourth daughter, born in 1793..."
named Dorothea.

"...(by Wikipedia also) Upon her youngest daughter Dorothea's marriage to Talleyrand's nephew, Edmond de Talleyrand-Perigord, in 1809, the duchess moved to Paris, having an intense relationship with Talleyrand and influenced him to turn against Napoleon. In 1814 she traveled to the Congress of Vienna to confront him about his alleged love affair with her daughter Dorothea".


"The Swedenborg Rite or Rite of Swedenborg was an order modeled on Freemasonry and based upon the teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg. ... It was created in Avignon in 1773 by the Marquis de Thorn. It was initially a political organization ... Starting in the 1870s, the Rite was resurrected as an hermetic organization. This version faded out sometime around 1908 ...".

"... By the end of the Eighteenth Century numerous enthusiasts for Swedenborg's reported experiences, and for some of his ideas, were to be found in England and in continental Europe. ... e.g. Benedict Chastanier and Count Tadeusz Grabianka, fell into the New Church only to fall rapidly out of it, others, Jacob Duche and General Rainsford, for example, kept their distance while maintaining their enthusiasm. ... Richard Brothers, who had taken up Swedenborgian doctrines at Avignon with the Abbe Pernety, and Count Grabianka.
Both Brothers and Grabianka attended meetings in London at the home of the Revd. Jacob Duche
who, while studiously avoiding a commitment to the New Church, encouraged the study of both Swedenborg and Jacob Boehme, the German mystic ...
Pernety established his Hermetic Rite of Freemasonry at Avignon in 1766,
but it did not contain Swedenborgian elements until Pernety returned from Berlin in 1785 and transformed his Rite into the Illumines d'Avignon.
They were joined by Count Grabianka, a confirmed Swedenborgian, who attempted to bring Pernety's Rite to London. Here he might have expected support from a fellow mason and Swedenborgian, Benedict Chastanier
..." - above under copyright by Robert A. Gilbert published in Things Heard and Seen, the Newsletter of the Swedenborg Society, London, No. 15 (Autumn 2004) pp. 44-51.

The Reverend Jacob Duche (1737-1798) was a Rector of Christ Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and
the first chaplain to the Continental Congress.
Duche was born in Philadelphia in 1737, the son of Colonel Jacob Duche, Sr., later mayor of Philadelphia (1761-1762) and grandson of Anthony Duche, a French Huguenot. Duche first came to the attention of the First Continental Congress in September 1774, when he was summoned to Carpenters' Hall to lead the opening prayers.


The Tarnowski - Grabianka - Kalinowski branch [Illuminati - Tadeusz Grabianka - Kalinowski of Lgota Murowana - Bystrzanowski]:

Jan Amor Tarnowski 1735 - 1799, was the son of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski 1706-1748, and Anastazja Anna.
Husband of Tekla [Tekla Grabianka (1740-1805) married a poet and General major, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735 - 1799)].
Father of Marcin Tarnowski the famous conspirator.

The Kosciuszko Mound - Presidents of the Committee since 1820 in CRACOW - the TEMPLARS:

1820 - 1856 General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski
[name Ksawery was mistake ! - see Armand and Konstantynowicz in Moscow];

1856 - 1878 Piotr Moszynski [TEMPLARS in Volhynia - compare CONSPIRATOR, MARCIN TARNOWSKI];

1878 - 1883 Franciszek Wladyslaw Paszkowski;

1884 - 1917 Stanislaw Tarnowski / Stanislaw Kostka Tarnowski;
nickname - Edward Rembowski, Swiatowid;
the son of Jan Bogdan TARNOWSKI 1805-1850, and Gabriela Malachowski;
the grandson of Jan Feliks Tarnowski;
the great-grandson of Jan Jacek Tarnowski, who was the son of
Jozef Mateusz Amor Tarnowski 1705/1710-1744.

Named Jan Bogdan was also great-grandson of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski 1706-1748 [compare here about MARCIN TARNOWSKI, CONSPIRATOR - the SCYTHEMEN and the TEMPLARS].

Stanislaw Tarnowski was jailed 1863 as associate in CONSPIRACY with General Zygmunt Jordan b. 1824, the son of JORDAN, General, b. 1790.

1917 - 1926 Franciszek Paszkowski.

Note about Ludwik Kalinowski and Ignacy Kalinowski:
they were living in Lgota Murowana: 14 km north-east of Zawiercie, south-east of Czestochowa, and south of Lelow.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydlowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Anna Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son
Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680/1690 + Zofia Potocka b. ca [not ca 1670, KALINOWSKA - PUZYNA] 1700 + 2nd in 1723 to Elzbieta Poninska b. 1690/1700,
with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska b. ca 1720 [not ca 1700 - she was the daughter of named above ZOFIA POTOCKA Kalinowska] married GRABIANKA

[Jozef Kajetan Grabianka born ca 1710; the official in LATYCZOW in 1740-1744
{Jozef was the son of Bernard Grabianka and Helena Kaminski. Bernard was born in 1680}.
Marianna had a son Tadeusz Grabianka 1740-1807, the ILLUMINATI and the daughter Tekla Grabianka + Jan Amor Tarnowski, 1735-1799],

Tekla Kalinowska b. ca 1700/1720 married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789
(with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elzbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725/1727.

Tadeusz Grabianka
returned [1770 ?] to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after his father's death in 1759. He inherited a significant estate, which consisted of three noble residences (Ostapkowce, Rajkowce, Sutkowce), tenement houses in Lviv and Kamenec Podolsky and 14 villages. In 1771 he married Teresa Stadnicki.

His sister Tekla Grabianka (1740-1805) married a poet and General major, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735 - 1799).
The sister was an intermediary in the finalization of his marriage, in 1771, with a cousin Teresa Stadnicka (1749- 1826). The spouses were married in the village of Ostapkowce at Podolia. 1771 - 1772 they stopped in the papal Avignon, then the center of the Freemasonry esoterics. They returned to Podole after the clashes with the Bar confederates in 1772.
In 1778, in Warsaw, he met with stories about the Bavarian Order of the Illuminati. Tadeusz Grabianka in 1779, in Berlin, established contact with Antoni Jozef Perneta / Pernetty / Pernety.

Above
Kajetan Amor Tarnowski b. 1706 in Tarnow, d. 1748. Son of Aleksander Dominik Amor Tarnowski and Marianna.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydlowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son
Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680 + Zofia Potocka, Kalinowska, Puzyna + 2nd in 1723 to Elzbieta Poninska b. 1700, with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska;
Tekla Kalinowska married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789 (with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elzbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725
(Tomasz Ulinski 1620 - 1658, son of Jan Ulinski senior and Katarzyna; husband of Anna; father of Michal Ulinski; half brother of Jerzy Ulinski. Michal Ulinski b. 1650. Augustyn Ulinski b. 1720 / 1728, m. Barbara Kalinowska b. 1725 / 1730, he was son of Jan Ulinski, of Podolia; Count in Austria in 1779; Jan Ulinski b. ca 1690 and died in 1761, Colonel, Kamieniec Podolski 1714-1751, MP 1728, 1729 - 1732 and 1733, m. 2nd in 1720 with son Augustyn Ulinski).

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski / Count Marcin Amor Tarnowski, born in 1778 in Kozin.

Kozin / Kozyn, in the ROWNO county, close to Radziwillow. The estate belonged to Hojski / Gojski; Firlej; and to Tarnowski - that is Jan Amor Tarnowski met here, in the palace, King Stanislaw August, in 1787 on the way to Kaniow to the Empress Catherine II. And belonged to Kajetan Amor Tarnowski - inf. of 1738. After the partitions, the Kozin commune was in the Volhynia Province.

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, d. 1862; he served the 16th Cavalry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy, and the 3rd Horse Rifles of the Congress Kingdom - the Galician campaign when the Tarnowskis formed an regiment; the campaign of 1812 under General Latour-Maubourde [Rohaczow, Smolensk, Dubrowna, Mozajsk, Kaluga and Borysow], and the campaign in 1813.
Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society. The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.

Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator, the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794, son of mentioned Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianki from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.
He started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga. In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski; in Stryj and Sambor; Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamowka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Konigstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden. He was taken prisoner (November 8); the army of the Kingdom of Poland, on January 20, 1815, he commanded the 3rd Rifle Division of the Kingdom of Poland. However, he resigned on December 9, 1815. He settled in Wolyn, where he was active member of the Patriotic Society, 1821, as the head of the Volhynia province, as its president, he was also the vice-president of the central committee for the Kiev, Podolia and Wolyn provinces, whose formal president was KAROL PROZOR; Marcin Tarnowski knew about the contacts of the Society's emissaries with the Russian decembrists.

MARCIN TARNOWSKI was arrested in 1826; transfered several times to the prisons of Warsaw and St. Petersburg (here he sat in the Pietropavlovsk Fortress). He tried to suicide in prison (1827); his wife Zofia Tarnowska fell into oblivion.
Finally sentenced to a month of fortress and year of police supervision. In 1829 he returned to Wolyn; on the eve of the November Uprising in 1831, he was taken back to Russia, he was sent to Skier; released after a few years, he settled in his Podberezka palace in the village of Berezka near Krzemieniec in Ukraine; in 1854 he supported the plans of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. He became the marshal of the nobility in Krzemieniec.

Shortly before his death he came to Krakow [compare the TEMPLARS and General Franciszek Paszkowski !]. He died on November 20/21 or 22, 1862 in CRACOW.

The Scytheman's society = KOSYNIERZY, headed by Denerowski, with senior officers of the Polish army, such as Mielzynski and Uminski, Marcin Tarnowski from Wolyn, Lukasinski. Olizar in his Memoirs called the Patriotic Society - as the Society of Kosynierzy = SCYTHEMAN. The Russians suggested that the Poles join in a conspiracy against the imperial family; the Poles replied that they fought for the freedom of the country, but do not want to make secret conspiracies against the regime of the state in Russia.
The commanders in 1807 were recently Jacobins' conspirators in Galicia: Kazimierz Rozwadowski; Gabriel Rzyszczewski; Colonel Marcin Tarnowski.

Above named Jan Amor Tarnowski born in 1735 in Krasnobrod, died ca 1799, General major of the Crown troops, captain of the National Cavalry of 1775-1783, count, poet and philosopher, was

the father of mentioned above Marcin TARNOWSKI.

JAN Amor Tarnowski [+ Tekla Grabianka (1740-1805; see ILLUMINATI) married a poet and General major, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735 - ca 1799)]
was the son of KAJETAN AMOR TARNOWSKI b. ca 1700/1706, died in 1748 + Anastazja Anna Bogusz.

Jan Amor, Count Tarnowski, lived also in Markuszewa / Markuszow / Markuszew - a settlement in Poland, in the Pulawy district.

Kajetan Amor Tarnowski was the son of
Aleksander Dominik Tarnowski 1668-1707 + Marianna Dzieduszycka d. 1711;
the grandson of
Jan Stanislaw Amor Tarnowski 1642-1689 + Zofia Firlej;
the great-grandson of
Michal Stanislaw Tarnowski ca 1590-1654/1655 + Anna Czobor;
the great-great-grandson of
Stanislaw Tarnowski ca 1541-1618 + 1568 to Zofia Ocieska.

August 1821 in Berdyczow:
Colonel Marcin Tarnowski of the Union of Scythemen from the Posen province [see Mielzynski];
in Podolia acted Ludwik Sobanski,
in Kiev -
Antoni Czarkowski, Anzelm Iwaszkiewicz, Stanislaw Joteyko;
others in the Patriotic Society:
Mikolaj Worcell, Atanazy Grodecki, Aleksander PROZOR [see Malkiewicz] and KAROL PROZOR.

We can look now at the Tarnowski - Martynov line:

Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; his wife was Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska, d. 1851; the daughter of Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski; her children:
Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish); Michael Solomonovich 1814-60; Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna married Rzewska (Polish) / Rzhevskij Michal; Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich b. 1824 and died 1909; Elizabeth; Natalia b. 1819; Julia married Gagarin, b. 1821; also Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki [see below], Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.

Sofia Katenin d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816 and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760, Captain (or Major?) had the brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich: Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska, b. 1783, d. 1851.
Mentioned Elzbieta Tarnowska was the daughter of Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski; a wife of Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich; Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska b. 1783, d. 1851; according to Russian sources in 2015, Maria Tarnowska came from the Ukrainian Cossacks:

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin or Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, married to Countess Nadejda Vasilievna, the second daughter of General Count Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.
They had daughters:
1. Mary or Maria / Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin married in 1868 to Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899; he d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters.
2. Sofia KATENIN d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816, and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov / Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760, had brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840;
a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich was above named Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish (1783 - 1851),
the daughter of Major and State Councilor Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski (1759 - ?).

Above Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski born 1759, was the son of Wasyl Tarnowski / Vasily Tarnowski.

Vasily Tarnowski (? b. ca 1720) was son of Jan Tarnowski / Ivan Grigorevich Tarnavskiy died 1761 (? Jan Tarnowski was born ca 1680/1690/1700); Vasily was Cossak, captain of Poltava regiment.
Jerzy Tarnowski / Grigorij TARNOWSKI (? born ca 1650/1660) was son of Jan Tarnowski b. ca 1610/1630, and grandson of Jozef Tarnowski b. ca 1580/1590.

Note on Madalinski - Grabianka branch:

Madalinski Aleksander owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska; Aleksander Madalinski [born ca 1690 - died before 1773] owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, was from BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; he married in 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - 1721.
They had one son Aleksander Madalinski b. ca 1690.

Andrzej MADALINSKI of BOBROWNIKI, m. Marianna Grabianka, and he taken from Marcin Borzyslawski and Stanislaw Borzyslawski, in 1685, village Zarzecze and Debicza in the Ostrzeszow county. His successors were the sons:
Andrzej and Franciszek [Bobrowniki, Hanobry, Kolebki]; Franciszek married twice: Petronela Doruchowska, then in 1728 to Julianna Zajdlicz. He died in 1738; his son Ignacy (1707 - 1777), died in Bobrowniki; in 1777 his brother JAN MADALINSKI inherited Bobrowniki, and he was also the guardian of the children of his cousin Kajetan MADALINSKI.


The Kiedrzynski - GRABIANKA - Madalinski + Walknowski Walichnowski + Jadwiga TARNOWSKA branch and
the line: Kalinowski - Grabianka - Stadnicki - Tarnowski [Illuminati and the TEMPLARS]:

Andrzej MADALINSKI was the son of Aleksander Madalinski and Tarnowska;
Andrzej Madalinski was the husband of Marianna Grabianka / Grabionka / Grabiowie;
Andrzej took land from hands of priest Jan Stanislaw Borzyslawski of Wloclawek, and from Marcin Borzyslawski - the relative of above priest and the son of a sister of named Andrzej Madalinski - in 1685, that is Zarzecze in the OSTRZESZOW county.

Marianna, was widowed bef. 1704, and in named Ostrzeszow, she had case with Wawrzyniec Godurowski. Mariannna died bef. 1720 or in 1720, not in 1721 - inf. Kalisz. Boniecki inf. about 7 sons of above named Marianna Madalinska Grabianka. Among others her sons: Aleksander Madalinski and Franciszek Madalinski.
a.
Aleksander Madalinski,
the son of Andrzej and Grabianka, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow; in 1725 he married Barbara Walknowski - Walichnowski = Franciszka, the daughter of Andrzej WALKNOWSKI. Barbara Madalinska in 1755 in Biezdrowo was a godmother. Aleksander and Barbara died bef. 1772.
they had a son Kajetan Madalinski.

Kajetan Madalinski, the son of Aleksander MADALINSKI and Walknowska, in 1772 he wrote his annuity with for his wife
Dorota Kiedrzynska Madalinska, the daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI and Franciszka Jackowska. Dorota Madalinska was widowed after a death of her two husbands - Bartlomiej Grabienski and Tomasz Psarski.
Next annuity in 1773. Kajetan Madalinski was the owner of named Raczkow and Upuszczow. They together were the owners of Strzegowa - 18 km south-east to Lgota Murowana [see KALINOWSKI] - hereditary village of Grabienski; also they took Zielecin - her land, and next this estate belonged to Melchior Koszutski. Kajetan died 1781/1784.
Dorota Kiedrzynska Madalinska, the daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI and Franciszka Jackowska, died 1777/1784 - Gostyczyna. Dorota had children born in Strzegowa.
The sons:
Wawrzyniec Jozef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, in 1774;
Hiacynt Jakub Madalinski, in 1775;
Michal Stanislaw Kostka Madalinski in 1776.
And daughters:
Anna, b. ca 1768, died in 1772;
Julianna, b. 1775;
Waleria Jozefa, bpt. 1778 in Gostyczyna, 10 km south to KALISZ.
In 1784 lived only Jozef; Jakub; and Julianna,
under care of Jakub Kiedrzynski, the official in KALISZ, and Pawel Wargawski. Jozef, Jakub and Julianna Madalinski were the owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow - but Jakub Kiedrzynski - guardian - in 1786 leased the estates to Sebastian Zablocki. In 1787 above three children took 7.500 'zloty' from a guardian Jan Madalinski, the owner of Bobrowniki.

Jakub Kiedrzynski, now was a judge in KALISZ, and Antoni Psarski on behalf of these teenagers, i.e. the half-siblings of Psarski, inherited the estate in 1792: Strzegowa of Andrzej Grabienski.

Above Jozef Madalinski in 1809, as Captain, a husband of Julianna Bogdanski, 1 voto Kiedrzynska; she died in Orpiszewek in 1809 - the Lutynia parish [Orpiszewek - not Orpiszew - 3 km north-east to Lutynia; Lutynia - 5 km north-east ot DOBRZYCA, 6 km south to Kotlin];
Jakub Madalinski married Honorata Psarska.
b.
Franciszek Madalinski, the son of mentioned Andrzej Madalinski and Grabianka;
Franciszek 1st married Petronella Doruchowski, 2nd time married Julianna Zajdlic, the daughter of Florian ZAJDLIC and Barbara Eleonora Herman. Julianna in 1727, took from her mother a legacy and Julianna died as widow, in 1737.
Petronella Doruchowski Madalinski had a son Ignacy Madalinski and daughters: Teresa and Ludwika.
Julianna Zajdlic Madalinska had sons:
Jan Madalinski and Ludwik Madalinski - died after 1781. Teresa d. 1787 in Kolebki, the part of the estate Bobrowniki - see the Doruchow parish. Ludwika in 1735 was the wife of Jozef Stanislawski.

Mentioned Madalinski Aleksander, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. 1725 to Barbara Walknowska - Walichnowska,
with children:
A. Kontancja m. in 1757 to Dominik Zelislawski, 2nd time married to Maksymilian Pradzynski son of Michal Pradzynski and Teresa Malachowska;

B. Kajetan Madalinski
d. ca 1784, owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska, the daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI, and Franciszka Jackowska; Dorota Madalinska was the owner of Wola Dzierlinska; children of Kajetan Madalinski:
1. Michal Stanislaw Kostka b. 1776,
2. Anna;
3. Julianna b. 1775,
4. Waleria Jozefa b. 1778;

5. Jozef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki, m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski;
with children:
a) Kunegunda b. ca 1809 in Orpiszewek (of the Kiedrzynskis), m. 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Jozef CHRZANOWSKI;
b) Sebastian Fabian Madalinski;

6. Jakub Hiacynt Madalinski b. 1775, m. Honorata Psarska daughter of Jan Kanty Psarski;
with children:
a) Anna Madalinska, b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Jozef Julian Walewski son of Andrzej WALEWSKI and Antonina Czartkowska, owner of Wola Balucka; she m. 2nd to (??) Jan Kanty Psarski, owner of Wielgie,
b) Eliza 1800-29, m. Grzegorz Chrzanowski,
c) Pulcheria Anna Magdalena b. 1795 in Parcice,
d) Ludwik Jozef Augustyn Madalinski b. ca 1803, d. 1854, landowner of Koscielec and Madalinow, m. in 1829 in Restarzew, to Pelagia Krystyna Jozefa Wegierska b. ca 1810, daughter of Petronela nee Psarska, Wegierska;
with son
Stanislaw Madalinski, b. ca 1835, lived Iwanowice, m. in 1857 in Biala, to Felicja Malgorzata Sylwestra Szeliga Potocka, b. ca 1838 in Stypuly.

DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750, died in 1784.

Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769
[his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763; his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787; his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744];
Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1750, died ca 1807; Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Jozef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Wilkowo Polskie of Zamoyska-Kiedrzynska, 28 km north to Jezierzyce KOSCIELNE of BILEWICZ.

Mentioned above
Kiedrzynski, Jakub, died on 4 February 1798. His wife Brygida Bardzka - marriage in 1767, died in 1786

[BRYGIDA's 1st husband Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski,
with children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski junior, b. 1766 [not in 1769]; and
Teresa Wierusz Walknowska.

OWIDIUSZ'S brother -
Franciszek Wierusz-Walknowski, senior, b. ca 1710, official in Kalisz, died in 1778 or in 1783
{Franciszek's sons:
1.
Antoni Wierusz-Walknowski m. Urszula Mielzynska;
2. Jozef Wierusz-Walknowski / JOZEF WALKNOWSKI, b. 1754}.

Inf. about named Franciszek WALKNOWSKI:
in 1769, Jozef Wierusz Walknowski, son of Franciszek WALKNOWSKI, the official in Kalisz, a court case about Bieczyny - close to Koscian and 7 km north to Czempin. BIECZYNY - with Srocko Wielkie, belonged to Kwilecki in 1846].

Kiedrzynski, Jakub, died on 4 February 1798 and his wife Brygida Bardzka had 3 daughters:

Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. in 1770

[Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770
{in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ}];

Franciszka BAJKOWSKA b. ca 1768; and

Petronela Kiedrzynska

[Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.

Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain]. PETRONELA Kiedrzynska m. in 1791 to MELCHIOR Pradzynski who was born in Mrowino, the Greater Poland Province in 1753 and died in 1797.

Melchior Pradzynski was the son of Antoni Pradzynski b. 1710, and Marianna Czaplicka.

Melchior's brother was named Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army.

Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.

Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Jozef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847

[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{Urszula Wierusz-Walknowska MIELZYNSKA, died in 1743; URSZULA Walknowska Mielzynska was the half-sister of ANNA GORZYCKA.

Urszula was the mother of Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski - the husband of BRYGIDA BARDZKA

[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770]

- see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].

Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family].

And JAKUB Kiedrzynski died on 4 February 1798, with his wife Brygida Bardzka had the son
Franciszek Kiedrzynski b. ca 1770, married to Css Kreska of the Baranow parish.
Franciszek Kiedrzynski was the brother of Franciszka Kiedrzynska - a daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski, junior; she m. in 1785 / 1791 to Michal Bajkowski.

Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob, born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798, had son Jozef Kiedrzynski - inf. in the Kingdom of Poland in 1837.

JAKUB's brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski !

The Pradzynski family and Wola Wiazowa - Wilkowo Polskie:

Aleksander Madalinski owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, married in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska born ca 1695, the daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowski, Walknowska, b. ca 1670 ? [2nd wife ?] + ANDRZEJ WALKNOWSKI 1645-1708,
with:
A.
Kontancja Madalinska m. in 1757 to Dominik Zelislawski d. 1772, 2 voto Maksymilian Pradzynski, the son of Teresa nee Malachowski- Pradzynska;
B.
Mentioned Kajetan MADALINSKI d. 1784, owner of Raczkow, Upuszczow, m. Dorota Kiedrzynska, the daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska. Dorota was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski, the son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski, died 1807, owner of Wola Dzierlinska.

The Kozuchowski family come from Karsy.

Note to KARSY [in 2018]:
we have two villages KARSY, but inf. on Kiedrzynski applies to
the village 3 km east to Zychlin, 13 km north-east to BIEGANIN, 17 km north-west to KALISZ!
Not [my mistake in 2013] a village Karsy - 10 km south-east of DMENIN and 11 km west of Wielgomlyny.

Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo - inf. 1776, 16 km east of Koszkowo and 27 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730- 1786.
His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760.

His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

Above Florian Kiedrzynski's father was
Marcin Kiedrzynski b. ca 1700 ? - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska;

brothers of FLORIAN:
Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski 1738 - d. ?;
Stanislaw Kiedrzynski ? - 1774;
Pawel Kiedrzynski;
Jozef Kiedrzynski;
and sister Bona Kiedrzynska from KARSY, married Kiedrzynska.

We back to Aleksander Madalinski,
the son of Andrzej and Grabianka, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow; in 1725 he married Barbara Walknowski - Walichnowski = Franciszka, the daughter of Andrzej WALKNOWSKI [b. ca 1660, see below !]. Barbara Madalinska in 1755 in Biezdrowo was a godmother. Aleksander and Barbara died bef. 1772. they had a son Kajetan Madalinski.

Stanislaw Andrzej Wierusz Walknowski, b. ca 1645 / 1650, died in 1708, had a brothers:
Stefan Wierusz Walknowski and
ANDRZEJ WALKNOWSKI b. ca 1660.

The 1st wife of Stanislaw Andrzej Walknowski, in 1673, was Dorota Zawadzka, from Cielcze. They had a son Antoni Wierusz Walknowski.

The Walknowskis were the owners of Kuklinow / Kuklinowo - 12 km north-west to KROTOSZYN [see Mielzynski]. The first was Mikolaj Walknowski, the judge in OSTRZESZOW. Mikolaj bought Kuklinow ca 1660; in 1662 here was married Ms Helena Szetlewska, to Jan from Krotoszyn. Franciszek Mielzynski, priest from Poznan, gave them a wedding at the church.
Mikolaj Walknowski had a son Stanislaw Andrzej Walknowski, the owner of KUKLINOW, m. in 1673 to Dorota Zawadzka.
Stanislaw Andrzej Walknowski in 1686 was a godfather to a son of Jakob Wilkotarski, the official in Kalisz, and Anna Naramowska of Konarzew / Konarzewo.

ANDRZEJ Stanislaw Walknowski, was the governor of Wielun. He had 5 sons: Rafal Walknowski took Kuklinow, d. 1711.
His brother Jan.
In 1758 Kuklinow owned Jozef Walknowski.
In 1789, or before, Kuklinow belonged to Celestyn Sokolnicki, MP, the Poznan official [Celestyn Wojciech Sokolnicki b. 1752, the son of Kazimierz Sokolnicki and Katarzyna Walknowska. The owner of Jarogniewice and Borowo in the KOSCIAN county. Count in 1817], m. to Golinska.

1711, Rafal Wierusz Walknowski died. His family come from Kobylin.
In 1743, in Kuklinow, Urszula Walknowska died and she was buried in Kobylin.

1701, Stanislaw Wierusz Walknowski, the official of Ostrzeszow and in Wielun, with the witness Andrzej Wierusz Walknowski, in Ostrzeszow offered sum of money, 3000 'florens' to a church in Wieruszow, from the estate in Laszczyn, in the Poznan province.

Mentioned Andrzej Wierusz Walknowski, was a treasurer in Wielun, August 1698, until April 1718.

Above Antoni Wierusz-Walknowski died ca 1732. Son of Stanislaw Walknowski and Dorota. Husband of Urszula. Father of Franciszka Bogucka and
Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski.
Brother of Petronela Borucka and Marianna Zakrzewska.

Now on TARNOWSKI - Grabianka line:

Marcin Tarnowski, 1778-1862, the Conspirator, had a parents:
Jan Amor Tarnowski, 1735-1799 + Tekla Grabianka, 1740-1805;
grandparents:
Kajetan Amor Tarnowski, 1706-1748;
Anastazja Anna Bogusz, 1710-1796;
JOZEF GRABIANKA, the Wenden official, b. ca 1710.

Mentioned Jozef GRABIANKA, married Marianna Kalinowska, the daughter of Ludwik KALINOWSKI, the Winnica official; she was the granddaughter of the Kamieniec official [see Bystrzanowski] (1712-1738).
Jozef's son - Tadeusz Grabianka was living in the Latyczow county, in Rajkowce and Sutkowce.

LUDWIK Kalinowski married twice:
1st to unknown Potocka;
2nd to Elzbieta Poninska, with children of the 1st marriage:
2 daughters - that is Marianna Kalinowska + Jozef GRABIANKA.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydlowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Anna Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son
Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680 + Zofia Potocka b. ca 1670 or ca 1700 [Kalinowska, Puzyna] + 2nd in 1723 to Elzbieta Poninska b. 1690,
with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska b. ca 1700/1710, married GRABIANKA,
Tekla Kalinowska b. ca 1700/1715, married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789
(with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elzbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725.

Marcin Tarnowski, 1778-1862, had great-grandparents:
Stanislaw Bogusz;
Bernard Grabianka of Halicz, b. 1680;
Aleksandra Odrzechowska;
Helena Kaminska;
Zofia Potocka, died 1729.

Named above Bernard Grabianka of Halicz, married Helena Kaminska.

Compare:
Madalinski Aleksander, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; Andrzej married in 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, b. 1660 - died bef. 1720 not in 1721.
Note:
Bernard Grabianka was the official in Halicz, and in Trembowla;
had a father
Wojciech Leszczyc Grabianka / Wojciech Grabionka / Wojciech Grabianka, born ca 1650, + Barbara Biejkowska.

Wojciech Grabianka = Franciszek Wojciech Grabianka, b. ca 1650, had daughter
Zofia Grabianka; and the son
Bernard Grabianka

[remember -

Andrzej Madalinski senior, born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; he married in 1684/1685 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - bef. 1720 not in 1721.
Andrzej died bef. 1704 - the landlord in the OSTRZESZOW county, married Marjanna Grabianka widowed bef. 1704.
Ca 1705, Marianna Grabianka Madalinska, 2nd married Samuel Rudzinski of CZERSK.

Marianna had children:
1.
Aleksander, the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow + WALKNOWSKA; and Aleksander Madalinski had the son
Kajetan Madalinski, inf. in 1772 on his wife Dorota Kiedrzynska.
2.
Stanislaw Madalinski, of Leczyca;
Kazimierz; Wladyslaw; Jan;
Andrzej Madalinski junior.
3.
Franciszek Madalinski + Petronella Doruchowski, 2nd married Julianna Zajdlic.

Andrzej Madalinski, senior, had a brother Jan Madalinski + Konstancja SIEMIENSKA; with son Aleksander Madalinski; and 2 daughters.

Andrzej was the son of Aleksander Madalinski, senior, of Wielun, + JADWIGA TARNOWSKA !

{we know on Maryanna Grabianka, b. ca 1660, married [ca 1705] Samuel Rudzinski, governor of CZERSK;
Maryanna Grabianka was the sister of Wojciech Grabionka b. ca 1650 + Barbara Biejkowska,
the daughter of Abraham Biejkowski.

Wojciech GRABIANKA, b. ca 1650, had 2 daughters:
Helena + Antoni Karczewski; and
Zofia b. ca 1670 + Wojciech Lopacki;
Zofia had 4 brothers:
1. Jozef who had daughter Katarzyna + Franciszek Polanowski;
2. Antoni, official in Czersk + Teresa Biekierska with 5 sons;
3. BERNARD Grabianka, b. ca 1680, official in HALICZ, and in Trembowla + Helena KAMINSKA,
with 1 son,
JOZEF KAJETAN GRABIANKA;
4. Kazimierz Grabianka married KOMOROWSKA}].

Wojciech Grabianka was the son of Bartlomiej Grabianka junior, b. ca 1600; inf. 1631; the owner of KOLBIEL, the official in CZERSK; m. Anna Gliniecka, with Maryanna RUDZINSKA, and Zofia RADZICKA, and Jan; Stanislaw; Wojciech Grabianka + Barbara Biejkowska.

Bartlomiej Grabianka junior, b. ca 1600, was the son of Bartlomiej Grabianka senior [+ Zofia Brzeska with Maryanna b. ca 1600, m. Piotr Zabicki; Elzbieta Turowska; Jan; Marcyan + Zofia Stamirowska; Bartlomiej junior] b. ca 1570;

the grandson of Jedrzej / Andrzej Grabionka / Grabianka, born ca 1550.

Above
JOZEF KAJETAN GRABIANKA had the son
Grabianka Tadeusz Laurenty, 1740 - 1807, the Templar in Warsaw in 1778, and the chief of the Illuminati in Berlin in 1779, Avignon and in London. The precursor of Polish messianism, as Comte Ostap, Sutkowski, Comte Polonais.

Grabianka Tadeusz Laurenty mystic and alchemist;
his mother, Marianna Kalinowska, brought a large dowry to the Grabianki house (including valuables estimated at 250.000 'zlotys'). In addition the castle houses in Rajkowce and Sutkowce, and Felsztyn and 15 villages in the area of ​​Uszyca.

FELSZTYN:

In the 18th century, when Felsztyn belonged to the Grabianka family, Marianna Kalinowska Grabianka, started to build it. She was an extraordinary woman, founded the church, together with the school and hospital, managed the castle in neighboring Rajkowce.
Marianna's husband, Jozef Kajetan Grabianka, had a son Tadeusz Grabianka, the future LIW governor, and a well-known mystic on a European scale. Thanks to his mother, he spent his childhood and youth in France, and returned home only after his father's death in 1759. In 1781, Tadeusz Grabianka gave half of Felsztyn and Rajkowce to the governor of Kamieniec Podolski, Onufry MORSKI, and after three years he divorced his wife Teresa Stadnicki. Later, he left Poland and settled in French Avignon, where he set up his own "New Israel" Order.

In 1782, Tadeusz Grabianka in LIW built a baroque mansion that was burnt down in the middle of the 19th century, as the headquarters of his office and court.

The popularity of the Avignon Illuminati was so great that it allowed to avoid the persecution of the Inquisition and, even, the Jacobins. Tadeusz Grabianka to leave France in 1799, stayed in Galicia for some time, then he moved to St. Petersburg.

The Illuminati ideas revived in the 70s of the 19th century, and at the beginning of the 20th century, with the person of Theodor Reuss.
Albert Karl Theodor Reuss b. 1855, was an Anglo-German freemason, the police agent, and the head of Ordo Templi Orientis. Theodor Reuss was the son of an innkeeper Franz Xavier Reuss and his wife Eva Barbara Margaret Wagner at Augsburg. He was a professional singer of Ludwig II of Bavaria, in 1873.

Above Onufry Morski b. 1752, died in 1789, the chamberlain of Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1774; served the 1st National Cavalry Brigade in 1789. Onufry Morski was the son of Antoni Morski and Anna Siemińska.
Onufry's daughter:
Jozefa Zofia Karolina Ostrowska b. 1789, was the wife of Antoni Jan Ostrowski - the son of Tomasz Ostrowski, who died 1817.
Mother of Krystyn Piotr Celestyn Jozef Ostrowski.

Above Krystyn Piotr Celestyn Jozef Ostrowski - insurgent in 1831, poet.

Above Antoni Jan Ostrowski b. 1782, d. 1845 in Les Maderes in France; Count in 1798/1820, General.

Young Tadeusz Grabianka was educated at the Polish school in Luneville, ca 1750, under the care of the king Stanisław Leszczynski (1677-1766).
In 1756 he came back to his family home, and he returned to Lorraine. In the country he reappeared at his father's funeral in October 1759.

1760, the spring, he went to France, where he lived mainly in Paris, he stayed here until 1769. Probably thanks to the support of Jeanne A. Poisson, the marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), he came into the court of Louis XV (1710-1774 ) and probably already
became an active freemason; he obtained a high degree of initiation - the Knight of Rose Croix.

Rose-Croix, is the Scottish Rite, one of several Rites of Freemasonry. "Within the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite concordant body of Freemasonry, the Eighteenth Degree is specifically concerned with the rose cross and confers the title of "Knight Rose Croix". Of one version of the degree, Albert Pike wrote in 1871."

Compare:

Franciszek Majewski, 1781 - after 1837; Captain and the Freemason in 1809 in France, founder of the Society of Templars [in Poland: in 1819 in Warsaw]. He was the son of Stanisław MAJEWSKI and Barbara Żabiński;
born in Kaski in the Minsk goverment
- here, I have to explain my mistake [June 2018]; applies to KASKI; Majewski was not born west of Warsaw, near the Oginski estate, like Guzow. The Templar Majewski was born in the Minsk province of Belarus.
He joined the Polish army in 1806. 1811 - POW Camp in Somerset in England. Here, Majewski Franciszek was affiliated with the Lodge of masonic prisoners of war - the French. After transferring him to Scotland (Bigar), he joined the Scottish Rite lodge and received the Rosicrucian (Rose Croix) degree and the right to give lower Masonic degrees. Through the same lodge he received from the Edynburg Chapter, the right to give higher degrees and to set up new lodges.

Tadeusz Grabianka returned to Poland in 1770, after the death of his mother and the marriage of Tekla - sister (1740-1805), to the poet and philosopher, General Major of the Crown Army, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735-1799).

Tadeusz in 1771, married to a cousin Teresa Stadnicki (1749-1826).
They went on a romantic journey to France. Up to 1772, they stopped in the papal Avignon, then the center of the Freemasonry esoterics. They returned to Podole after the clashes with the Bar confederates in 1772.

The decisive significance for his further fate was a trip to Berlin in the winter of 1779. He met there with a benedictine from the congregation of St. Maur and the librarian of King Frederick II (1712-1786), Antoine Josep Pernety, known as Perneta's House (1716-1796) - erudite, researcher of ancient mythology, as well as alchemist and esoteric, who are under the influence of the Swedish mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772 );
and he met Louis C. de Saint-Martin (1743-1803).

Around Pernety was New Jerusalem - a religious group.

After the initiation, Grabianka received the title of the King of the New Israel. He financed the alchemical experiments of the sect, which Brumore (Louis-Joseph-Philibert de Morveau [1738-1786] really did) and his friend Miss Bruchie (or Bruchier) carried out.

In May 1779 he returned to Podole with the mission of converting his family and friends.

Andrzej Grabianka came from a noble family of his grandfather, Tadeusz Grabianka (1740-1807).
Tadeusz's children and grandchildren were far less prominent figures. About
Andrzej's father, Antoni Grabianka (died 1830), we know little, belonged to him, the estate Gielotynce (Geletynce, Heletine) in the Ploskirow county.

Andrzej Fakund Grabianka was born on November 27, 1823 (baptism in Grodek in Podolia). In 1843 he graduated from the Kiev University.
Grabianka married Stefania Proskura.
Stefania m. 2nd to a brother of Andrzej - Stanislaw Grabianka, participant of the plot of Szymon Konarski in 1838, initially sentenced to death in 1839, eventually converted to the exile.

Andrzej Grabianka died in 1883 in Kamieniec Podolski.

Mentioned Tadeusz Grabianka, a Polish count, established in 1786 at Avignon a freemasons' lodge.

Brief explanation:

Aleksander MADALINSKI, owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska, daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowska Walknowska.

Barbara Walknowska / Walichnowski, daughter of Andrzej Walknowski - Barbara was known as Franciszka. Barbara was the godmother in 1755 in Biezdrowo. They died before 1772, left son Kajetan Madalinski.

Kajetan MADALINSKI 1740 - d. ca 1784, landlord of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. before 1773 to Dorota Kiedrzynska (1740-1784), daughter of Andrzej and Franciszka nee Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski (b. ca 1730) son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto Tomasz Psarski, (1740-1770 ?) (b. 1807 ??), owner of Wola Dzierlinska;
with children:
1.
Jakub Madalinski 1775 - 1833 m. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831
with daughter

Pulcheria Anna Magdalena Madalinska m. to Jozef Julian Kazimierz Walewski b. 1787;

2.
Jozef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn, and Chodaki m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski, d. 1809,
with a daughter Kunegunda Madalinska, b. before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to
Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki.

RESTARZEW - at way from Widawa to Szczercow.

Acc. to Dworzaczek:

Aleksander MADALINSKI, son of Andrzej Madalinski and Grabianka, was the owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow; in 1725 m. to Barbara Walknowska / Walichnowski. Left son Kajetan Madalinski. Kajetan MADALINSKI, in 1772 signed a document with wife Dorota Kiedrzynska, daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska;
Dorota and Kajetan Madalinski were both owners of Strzegow, the village of Grabienski [Strzegowa in the Gostyn parish; see Kunowo and Koszkowo - the Kiedrzynski estates];
they were landowners of Zielecin [north-west to KOSCIAN or Zielecin 10 km north-west to Sulmierzyce, close to RZASNIA !], which village they leased Melchior Koszutski.

Kajetan Madalinski died in 1781 / 1784;
Dorota Kiedrzynska-Madalinska died in 1777 / 1784 - in
Gostyczyna
[close to Zydow and Chotow; 10/13 km south to KALISZ.
In the 17th cent. owned by Domiechowski and in the first half of the 17th century belonged to SZOLDRSKI -
Jan Szoldrski bought Gostyczyna in 1594 - until 1715 or after 1715;
1651 to Roscieski; in 1793-1806 and in 1815 to Prussia].

Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska married 1st Bonawentura Wierusz-Walknowski.
Mentioned
Bonawentura Wierusz-Walknowski b. 1720, was the son of
Antoni WALKNOWSKI and Urszula Mielzynska !

Kalisz in 1776:
Jozef Wierusz Walknowski, b. ca 1720/1730, the son of Franciszek Walknowski, judge in KALISZ, and Marianna Bilinski, 1 voto;
named Jozef Walknowski was a nephew to above Antoni Walknowski b. ca 1680/1690.

Named Jozef Walknowski signed to Ms Katarzyna Sulerzyski, b. ca 1750/1755, in future she was wife of named Jozef Walknowski; she was the daughter of
Antoni SULERZYSKI and Aleksandra Przybyslawski [1st].
Katarzyna was nephew - next of kin to Jan Sulerzyski and Golinska.

Konin - 1792:
Katarzyna Sulerzycka, the daughter of Antoni Sulerzyski, and Aleksandra Przybyslawski, the wife of Jozef Walknowski, the official in Kalisz; the court case with witnesses: Kasper Slawinski the son of Jan and Apolonia Przybyslawski;
Jozef was the son of Franciszek Walknowski, the judge in Kalisz;
his wife:
Marjanna Bielinski 1voto.

Antoni Walknowski married Urszula Mielzynski [2nd ?].
Inf. in 1777: mentioned above JOZEF Walknowski, was the owner of Slesin and Piotrkowice.
Slesin - 20 km north to KONIN;
Piotrkowice - 5 km south-east to SLESIN.

1792 - Elzbieta Grodzicka with a children, after a death of her husband Michal Chrzanowski, returned money to Jozef Wierusz Walknowski / JOZEF WALKNOWSKI, official in Kalisz.

In KALISZ in 1750:
Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski, the son of named Antoni Walknowski, official in Wielun + Urszula Mielzynski; married Ewa Rokossowska, the daughter of Karol Rokossowski and Marianna Grodzicki.

In Kobierno, 7 km north-east to KROTOSZYN the city - see Mielzynski ! - in 1709: Rozalja Klara, was born - the daughter of Stefan Kobierzycki + Anna; godparents: Antoni Wiktor Walknowski official in Wielun; and Anna Uminska.

Marianna Madalinska (born Grabianka) was born in 1660. Marianna married Andrzej Madalinski in 1690. Andrzej was born in 1650, in Bobrowniki. They had the son, Aleksander Madalinski.

Marianna Grabianka (born Kalinowska) was born to Ludwik Kalinowski and Zofia Korwin-Kossakowska / Smigielska / Puzyna / Potocka [see on Ludwik Kalinowski twice married].

We back to Tadeusz Grabianka / Grabianko:
he was the son of the Latyczow official - Jozef Kajetan Grabianka and Marianna Kalinowski of RAJKOWCE. Thanks to the efforts of the mother from the youngest years, he grew up in France. He spent his childhood in Lorraine at the court of King Stanislaw Leszczynski. He studied in Paris. There probably for the first time he met with esoteric associations and freemasonry.
His father
Jozef GRABIANKA, married Marianna Kalinowska the daughter of Ludwik KALINOWSKI.


This "sect" of Tadeusz Grabianka [1778/1779], or The Order of Illuminati, is a Polish intelligence network created during the collapse of the Polish-Lithuanian State and it is a secretive intelligence and political organization working to rebuild independent Poland in conditions when the entire territory of the country was occupied by three hostile neighbors.



National Treasure, the immigration funds collected in order to promote the fight against invaders on the country, used to promote Polish foreign affairs. The idea of the creation of the National Treasury in exile after the fall of the January Uprising already gone back to Agaton Giller.

The base of this treasure was a gift of Louis Michalski residing in Switzerland; in 1887 Sigmund Milkowski edited the famous book 'The thing about the active defense and on the National Treasury', where he outlined the idea of creating a fund.
Agaton Giller b. 1831 in Opatowek, was a Polish journalist and writer, conspirator and independence activist, a member of the National Government; brother of Stefan Giller.
Ludwik Michalski born Louis Matyasek / Ludwik Maciaszek, b. 1836 in Krakow, d. 1888 in Hilfikon in Switzerland, was Polish-Swiss engineer and entrepreneur, a participant of the January Uprising.
Milkowski in 1859 thought on the idea of national permanent Insurgency, and as Z. F. M. wrote 'Rzecz o obronie czynnej i o skarbie Narodowym', ed. in Paris, 1887; expanded ed. Krakow, 1912: Polish question, so-called 'Polish Intrigue' should be most important for Europe.
He also reminded all the time, on the pattern of Ireland, on the establishment of the National Treasury, with the national voluntary Taxation;
in August 1887 (? 1886) Milkowski / Jez moved to the castle Hilfikon in Switzerland, where he studied with Ludwik Michalski, the Polish emigrant, Maximilian Hertl from Paris, and the curator of the Ossolinski library in Lviv - Dr. Alexander Hirszberg who met Polish Democrats in Lviv, especially the Director of the Lemberger Savings Bank, insurgent of 1863, Fr. Zima, and the Warsaw patriots, to organize a democratic society with a centralization at the top, and the result of those deliberations was the Polish League.
In Switzerland in 1887, by a group of former participants of the January Uprising living in the Prussian and Austrian partitions, as well as abroad, Zygmunt Milkowski / Theodore Thomas Jez, Maximilian Hertel and Alexander Hirschberg at Hilfikon castle near Zurich, was established the Polish League.

Zygmunt Milkowski / Theodore Thomas Jez b. 1824 in the village Saracei in Podolia, d. 1915 in Lausanne, Polish writer, was the son of an noblemen, Joseph, was a Napoleonic officer; the gymnasium in Niemirow; he was graduated from Richelieu high school in Odessa 1843 - 1846, then the University of Kiev 1847; 1848 he went to Hungary via Galicia and served in the Polish Legion during the Hungarian campaign of 1848-1849, where he advanced to the rank of lieutenant.
Since the time of the Hungarian uprising was in the sphere of influence of Stanisław Worcell b. 1799, Heltman Victor b. 1796, Darasz Wojciech b. 1808, and Limanowski Boleslaw b. 1835.
He emigrated to Turkey where he was interned for a year,
1850 he left for England, where, while he was working in a factory producing printing blocks for wallpaper patterns, he joined the Polish Democratic Society.
In 1851 he went to Moldavia as an agent of the Central Committee of European Democracy. During the Crimean War he was on the Balkan Peninsula, and was also an observer attached to the Turkish army. He stayed in Walachia then left for Serbia, Bulgaria, 1855-1857 he was living in Constantinople,
then in 1858 he returned to London.
After the outbreak of the January Uprising in Poland in 1863, he became commander of the army in Ruthenia and was appointed colonel by the National Central Committee. He organised an insurgent troop in Tulcza, which was to enter Russia through the territory of Romania. 1864-1866 he stayed in Belgrade, then he moved to Brussels, Lausanne and Geneva. Towards the end of his life he settled in Lausanne.
In 1866 he initiated the establishment of the National Treasury to fund future insurgent actions and develop Polish propaganda abroad.
Darasz was the editor of Polish Democrat, a member of the Centralization - Polish Democratic Society and a member of the Revolutionary Committee of the Centralization of Europe.
Heltman was one of the ideologues of Polish Democratic Society and European activist, with
Jastrzębowski Wojciech Bogumil b. 1799, who can safely be called the first theorist of a United Europe; the National Guard soldier, battles at Wawer and Olszynka Grochowska in 1831; his ideas about Europe were echoed in the views of Massini and Giuseppe Garibaldi, Ledru - Rollin and Ruge Anolda b. 1802.
Mazzini fought with MONARCHS EUROPE, already in 1832 he founded YOUNG ITALY, helped organize the YOUNG GERMANY and Young POLAND. These were the steps involved in creating YOUNG EUROPE because he believed that only the young generation could rebuild Europe's monarchs in Europe of Nations.

We back to Milkowski, who was sent back to England 1850 (again 1858); active involvement in the Polish Democratic Society, closer to the international revolutionary circles. Since then, he was theorist of the European revolution.

The Central Committee of European Democracy commissioned colonel Zygmunt Miłkowski task of forming a resistance movement in Russia; detailed instructions on this matter received from the German revolutionary Arnold Ruge; besides Miłkowski, to Galicia was sent Louis Jastrzebski.

Milkowski with a passport in the name of Williams Smith went (1851) to the east, had letters of recommendation from Massini and Bratianu Dmitri; this mission was a tragedy for his family, his brothers Joseph and Felix in Romania were arrested and handed in 1853; Joseph, as the tsarist officer was shot in Izmaiłow; Felix sent to Orenburg. The third brother John was killed in a battle with the Turks at Oltenica. The mission of the European Democracy agents was thwarted by the church and the aristocracy, because some European Democracy activists were Freemasons;
the European Democracy top members:
Giuseppe Mazzini, Ledru-Rollin, Arnold Ruge, Darasz Wojciech and Dimitrie (1818-1892); they shared a need to organize a European revolution. Massini though Mason was the believer man; Arnold Ruge was a atheist. Darasz and Rollin were radicals.
Colonel Sigmund Milkowski did not agree with the policy of Czartoryski, who financed the trip to America, for former insurgents 1863; Society of the Third of May led by Adam Czartoryski also called the Hotel Lambert and the Society for Military of gen. Rybinski Maciej deprived to participate in the fight against the aggressors.
But the League of Liberty and Peace was established in 1867 in Geneva. At the Congress in Lausanne, speech in defense of Polish affairs gave Colonel Zygmunt Milkowski in 1872; the congress was attended by representatives of the Poles, French, Germans and other nationalities. "Almost all the congresses of the League felt the spirit of the EUROPE of NATIONS ... by the inspiration of Charles Lemonnier, at the Congress in Lausanne, Polish independence was considered as a prerequisite for peace in Europe".

Milkowski was one of the founders of the Polish National League, which was transformed into the National Democracy Party.
Also with
Louis Matyasek Michalski, an engineer, who opened his castle Hiltikon for this meeting; he was born in a family of teachers. 1863 he joined the January Uprising under Kopernicki Francis (1824-1892). After the uprising got to Switzerland, Sumatra, and back to Switzerland; provided financial support for Polish initiatives.
Hertel was also an engineer, poet, worked for the Ministry of Roads and Transport in Paris. He had a big impact on the French Polonia.
Dr. Hirschberg, historian, the history of diplomacy and Polish-Russian relations. The source of the new organization were manifestos of the POLISH DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (1832-1862), with the reconstruction of Poland from 1772, but with the right of minorities to autonomy.

Milkowski was also the President of the Supervisory Council of the National Treasury, a member of the Board of the Polish Emigrant Union and of the Executive Board of the Polish National Museum in Rapperswill. In 1900 he made a journey to the USA; he died in Lausanne on 11 January 1915.
Above data under copyright by Dr Marek Adamiec.
On his initiative Zygmunt Balicki came to Warsaw, and founded a secret Polish Youth Union modeled on Freemasonry, at the turn of 1886-1887, among university students; fought on the independence of Poland.

Interesting notes on wine commerce:

1. Trading House "Heirs of A. F. Poklewski-Koziell" / Pakleuski Kozell - the Company founder was Alfons Fomich Poklevskii-Kozell / Alfons Koziell Poklewski who in 1869 bought a large estate in Kurgan, built here a stone wine warehouse.
2. The ARMAND family from Moscow:
Jean-Louis Armand (1786 - 1855 in Moscow) appeared in Russia ca 1790 - 1799, together with his father Paul Armand and mother Angelica (1765 / 1767 - 1813 in Moscow) daughter of Charles, during an escape from the terror of the French Revolution; Paul Armand b. ca 1762 was a prosperous farmer in Normandie and sympathized royalists. He, settling in Paris, opened the building workshop; there he married Angelica daughter of Charles from Alsatie; he decided to build his commerce on the French wines trade in Russia. Once the ship crashed in the Bay of Biscay and it ruined family of Armand. But Paul soon had good commercial relations in shipping ports of south France (Nice and Marseille probably). The 29 year-old general Paul Armand came from Paris in the carriage of the Marquis de Courtenay. He had an antique best wines of France in barrels, bought up at the south. Paul Armand expected to open in Moscow own wine shop. On the way to Russia, he did not know that it will suffer a financial collapse: the ship will sink with wine.

After the shipwreck of wine in the Bay of Biscay, Armand transfered trade of wines to the Mediterranean ports of France, it took place perhaps during the continental blockade taken by England against Napoleon. Then after 1815 the trade lasted maybe until the Crimean War in the 50's of the 19th century.

Paul Armand ran the wine trade through the ports in the south of France to Russia: a probable route from Marseille - Nice - after Italian Naples - Smyrna / Smyrne (see the Ralli Brothers from London, Marseille, India) in Turkey? - Crimea / Krym, where the Armand family had a very good trade agreements. A Demonsi / Demonet / Demontet family ran in Moscow a sales of these French wines.
When Paul Armand married, he did not know what would be the basis of family trade - fashionable hats at first. Next to the fashionable shop of Armand was trading house of Demonet where sold not only fashionable Parisian clothes, but also French wines, perfumes, delicacies and even lamps.

Jean-Louis Armand, from his first marriage to Elizabeth Osipovna (1788 - 1817), Sabine called her, had a son Yevgeny born in 1809. From his second marriage, Jean-Louis and Marie-Barbe, nee Collignon (1780 - 1872) had a daughter Sophia, married a Swede, Osip Hecke / Hoecke/ Hacker.
In 1811 in Moscow lived:
Jean-Louis Armand b. ca 1787, and his son Louis-Jean b. 1807 / 1808, French nation; his wife Elizabeth Osipovna b. ca 1786/1787 and daughter Elizabeth b. 1807. Also merchant Paul / Pavel Armand b. 1762, who arrived (again?) to Moscow in 1808; his wife Angelica daughter of Charles, was born 1767.
Louis-Jean b. 1807 / 1808 that is Yevgeny born in 1809 = Evgeny (Eugene Louis) Armand (1809 - 1890), the grandson of Paul Armand, worked as a foreman for weaving and dyeing factories near Moscow.
Paul was killed and Paul's son, Jean - Ivan, started a wine-import business. It was Ivan's son, the first Eugene, who founded the Armand fortunes.

3. Alexandra Constantinovna Countess von Zarnekau b. 1883 married in 1900 Prince George Alexandrovich Yurievsky, a son of Alexander II of Russia. In 1884, they bought a local wine cellar established by the Frenchman Shote in 1876 for bottling champagne, doing business in Odessa and Alexandrovsk (Zaporozhe).

4. On July 30th Bronislaw Pilsudski left Nagasaki by ship, on August 3rd left Japan for Galicia (Austrian Poland) via America.
On the main street of Ginza in Tokyo, Pilsudski rented a room from the end of January to July 1906 - had a connection with Russian merchants in Vladivostok and sold natural ice transported from Hakodate in Hokkaido and milk, as well as ice cream and foreign-made wines later. In 1908 Futabatei visited St. Petersburg as a special correspondent for the newspaper Asahi and met Zarnowska - wife of Bronislaw Pilsudski - who was staying at a relative's home there. He did not, however, manage to see Pilsudski.

5. GAILLARD, J. Jeune / Jeune GAILLARD, 1896, a General Store was opened at Nagasaki at 12 Oura under the name of J. Gaillard, the Nagasaki branch of Gaillard & Co., which was led by Jean Sirot. Sirot came from Shanghai. The Nagasaki branch provisioned the French Navy with coal, food and other provisions and in 1897 the branch specialized in wine and spirits. From 1889 to 1903 only C. Joana is listed as head of this branch and J. Gaillard is only mentioned in 1901, with Rene Chevalier Lavaure, to 1904.
6.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829 in Paris, France, d. 1904 / 1908 in London, England; he was son of John O'Meara and Elizabeth Sophie. John O'Meara, b. 1797 in Borrisokane, Co Tipperary, central part of Ireland, south-west of Dublin; died 1867 in Paris.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was husband of Marie Camille and father of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara b. 1861; Henrie Marie Bulkeley b. 1857, Charles Louis Thomas b. 1862, John Herbert Lewis b. 1860, and Camille Alfred O'Meara. Camille Alfred O'Meara b. 1858 in Piltown - south-east of Ireland, d. ?; son of Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara and Marie Camille; husband of Rosalee Julia nee Guilloux; from this family was Louis Fancois Marie GUILLOUX, b. 1899 in Saint-Brieuc, France, his father was a socialist activist of 'Proudhonism'; Guilloux befriended the philosophy tutor Georges Palante, an anarchist. Camille Alfred O'Meara was father of Rose Julie Taylor, Harry O'Meara, Charlie O'Meara, Tom O'Meara, Alf O'Meara, Pat and Camille Cammie; half brother of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - was half brother of Josephine Camille O'Meara and Mathihilde O'Meara. Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was born on the 9th December 1829 in Paris and died at Addison Gardens, London, in 1904; he was secretary of the Cercle Imperial Club in Paris, was a cashier in Salt Manufacturing of his brother-in-law's company at Stoke Prior in England, and finally was a wine merchant; married to Marie Camille nee Blot.
Parents of above named Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829: John O'MEARA 1797-1867 and Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK 1809-1889. Acc. to http://gw.geneanet.org: parents of mentioned John O'Meara: Jack O'MEARA and Ann MORAN.
Why James Augustin FITZPATRICK found himself in France between 1805 and 1809, we do not know; France and England at that time were fighting at many fronts; maybe he traded wine from southern France as Paul Armand?!

Maybe he traded tea from India? The economic blockade of the UK economy by France, created by closing the trade of this country with the countries of continental Europe and imposed allies of France to introduce trade embargo against Great Britain, resulted edition in Berlin by Napoleon Bonaparte's decree of November 21, 1806. The closure of European ports for the British fleet cut off the United Kingdom from markets and supply. It was notoriously broken because its effects were also negative for the European economies. For example, the cost of wine production in Scotland and France. France also losses because it was the recipient of the English wool.


The creation of a secret society (the Round Table of Milner) had been planning for more than seventeen years. "Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890".
According to Carroll Quigley, "...Rhodes embraced the ideas of Stead much earlier than they actually have met (on 4 April 1889), and then they jointly set up their secret society for the establishment of the Anglo-American Union ... in 1891, February 5. Stead continues: The conception in those day (1880) was confined to few, but nowadays the parties led by Lord Rosebery and Lord Salisbury would vie with each other in asserting their readiness to recognize the European Concert as the germ of the United States of Europe, and to develop the concerted action of six Powers in relation to the question of the East into a Federated Union of all the European States...".
This is not a joke on the readers of this website, that 100 years and 1 day later, the general Kiszczak also closed the debate of his Round Table.
This Round Table that are negotiations conducted to April 5, 1989 by the representatives of the People's Republic of Poland in Magdalenka near Warsaw.

When Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, drowned on 5 June 1916 when HMS Hampshire sank west of the Orkney Islands, Scotland, then Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, from December 1916 to November 1918, was one of the most important members of David Lloyd George's War Cabinet. His mother was a daughter of Major General John Ready, former Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island and later the Isle of Man.
Upon his return from South Africa, Viscount Milner occupied himself mainly with business interests in London, becoming chairman of the Rio Tinto Zinc mining company, a director of the Joint Stock Bank, in January 1917 Milner led the British delegation, with Henry Wilson, in Russia, to boost Russian morale and see what equipment they needed; he was an advocate of inter-allied cooperation, in St. Petersburg in February 1917.
But Trotsky in his book 'My Life' tells of a British financier, who in 1907 gave him a large loan to be repaid after the overthrow of the Tsar. Arsene de Goulevitch, who witnessed the Bolshevik Revolution, has identified both the name of the financier and the amount of the loan: over 21 million rubles were spent by Lord Alfred Milner in financing the (October 1917 Revolution) Russian Revolution.
It was a big dream of Pilsudski and Poles to Tsarist Russia collapsed, and then in the revolutionary chaos appeared Lenin had passed into Russia by the Germans.
A documents made it clear, that this above mentioned funding was provided by Milner and channeled through Sir George Buchanan, who was the British Ambassador to Russia at the time, acc. to Goulevitch, p. 230.


In March 1832, Adam Mickiewicz stayed in Dresden, Saxony, where he wrote the third part of his poem 'Dziady'. July 1832 he arrived in Paris, accompanied by Ignacy Domeyko; in Paris, Mickiewicz published articles in 'Pielgrzym Polski', and wrote 'The Books of the Polish People and of the Polish Pilgrimage' - in the part: 'Pilgrim LITANY' we read:
"...The universal war for the freedom of peoples,
We ask you, Lord.
The weapons and national eagles,
We ask you, Lord...".

Tadeusz A. Kisielewski in "The Great War and Polish independence" ed. Rebis Publishing House, 2014, shows the First World War (the Great War 1914-1918) as a game of powers, which fight each other for dominance over Europe and domination in the colonies.

In 1832 the author of 'Pilgrim LITANY', Adam Mickiewicz, although romantic poet, but cool, wrote that
an essential condition of Poland's independence is the conflict between the invaders, and it must be converted into a European-wide war.

In 1895, Pilsudski published an article titled "Russia", in which he formulated for the first time
a basic condition for independence by Poland: to "slit the seams of ethnic Russia" and other non-Russian parts of the empire (to split the seams of ethnic Russia and other non-Russian parts).


On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of six assassins, Serbs and Bosniak, coordinated by Danilo Ilic, a Bosnian Serb and a member of the Black Hand secret society.
"...In May of 1914 Colonel Dmitrijevic, a secret way from his own government, introduced the idea of the assassination of Archduke. The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow, was not able to decide, and reached an agreement with friends from the General Staff in St. Petersburg, and after a few days passed acceptance: 'Works ... we will not leave you alone'. Today we know that these words were not empty. We do not know who made the decision. Whoever he was, he had to be close to the heads of the party pro war; it was leading by the uncle of the Tsar, Grand Duke Nicholas (Nikolai); and operate at the interface between the military and diplomacy, he soon began a covert operation to observe long-term Russian ambassador in Belgrade, Nikolai Hartwig. One thing is certain: the decision of St. Petersburg, and then ... shots of Princip started the chain of events that led to the global carnage...",
according to http://foxmulder2.blogspot.com/2014/06/najwieksze-sekrety-kryptonim.html by Hubert Kozieł.

The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow / Viktor Alekseevich Artamonov / Viktor Alekseievitch Artamonov / Виктор Алексеевич Артамонов, had a close relationship with Apis;
"...accessible records do not explain what role, if any, Artamonov had in the plot. To make matters murkier still, just before his execution by his own government at Salonika in June 1917, after being accused of involvement in yet another plot, this time against his own leaders, Dimitrijevic boasted in writing of his role behind the Sarajevo plot and admitted that Artamonov funded the terrorist operation, something that Yugoslavia's Communists revealed in 1953 to discredit the royal regime that preceded them in power in Belgrade. As Artamonov died in exile in 1942 without fully explaining his role in the assassination... something undertaken by direction from St. Petersburg. ... Given that Russian radio intelligence was able to read Austro-Hungarian diplomatic ciphers before the war, it seems likely that St. Petersburg was aware of what Vienna's probable reaction to the assassination would be and, as Sean Meekin has recently observed, the Russians subsequently acted as if they have something to hide: 'gaps in the record strongly suggest a good deal of purging took place after 1914', to cover whatever tracks Artamonov left behind. The attache conveniently managed to be out of Belgrade on the day of the assassination, yet it was well known in Serbian military circles that, in the weeks before the assassination, he and Apis saw each other almost daily. A Serbian colonel who was close to Apis conceded that Artamonov had encouraged the plot... it seems very likely that St. Petersburg knew more about the plot that it later proved politic to admit...".

And "...Serbian military intelligence, whose chief, Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijević, colloquially known as Apis (The Bull), was a violent conspirator with impressive credentials even by high regional standards", copyright by http://20committee.com/

Apis ordered the murder of Franz Ferdinand, and he said that the Russian military attache Artamonov promised protection of Russia from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, when Serbia's intelligence operations will be disclosed, and that Russia has financed the killing. In an interview, Artamonov categorically denied any involvement of Russia in this case. Artamonov said that at this time he was on vacation in Italy, leaving only military assistant of Attache Alexander Verkhovsky; and although he had the daily contact with Apis, he learned about the role of Apis only at the end of the war, acc. to Albertini.
Verkhovskii / Alexander Verkhovsky first admitted involvement of the Attache Office, and then completely stopped talking about it.
There is evidence that on June 14, 1914 Russia was at least aware of the plans of terrorists.
Shelking wrote: '...01 (14) June 1914, Emperor Nicholas had a conversation with King Charles in Constanta in Romania. I was there at the time ... as far as I could tell from my conversation with the members of his entourage (Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov) he (Sazonov) was convinced that if the Archduke (Franz Ferdinand) will go in the direction of peace in Europe will not be threatened'.

Mentioned above
Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Верхо́вский / Verkhovsky, Alexander / Aleksander Wierchowski - b. 1886, St. Petersburg, d. August 19, 1938; nobility.
In 1905, for the liberal-constitutional view expelled from the Corps of Pages and sent in Manchuria, was the gunner; awarded the George Cross and promoted to officer. In 1905-1908 he served in Helsingfors, the 3rd Light division in Finland, 1909 lieutenant. Graduated from the Nikolaev Military Academy (1911); 1911 he graduated from the Academy of General Staff. 1911 staff-captain, 1913 - Captain. 1911-1913 he commanded a company of the 2nd Infantry Regiment in Finland. 1913 the senior aide of Staff of the 3rd Finnish Infantry Brigade.
He was sent to Serbia (1914) to study the experiences of participation of the Serbian army in the Balkan wars.
Since the beginning of the First World War he returned to Russia, participated in the battles in East Prussia. Since 1915 head of security section of Staff to the 22nd Corps on the South-Western Front; at the headquarters of 7th Army. Since March 1916, Lieutenant Colonel, Chief of Staff of Army Group, designed to capture Trebizond from the sea. In September - December 1916 in Romania, he was assistant of the security section of the Russia's representative at the headquarters; he arrived in Petrograd and wrote: 'Only a change of political system could save the army from the new misfortunes, and Russia from the ignominious defeat. Army has lost patience...', acc. to '...From the diary of a marching 1914-1918', Moscow.
In early 1917 appointed Chief of Staff of the Chernomorskoy division, designed for landing on the Turkish coast.
After the February Revolution of 1917 he participated in the meeting of officers of the garrison to support the Provisional Government.
On August 30, 1917 Kerensky appointed Verkhovsky the Military Minister;
on Sept. 1st, 1917 introduced him to the Directory, giving the rank of Major-General;
on Sep 7, 1917 Verkhovsky made a presentation on the reorganization of the army;
on Sep 8, 1917 appointed to the Bureau of the Central Executive Committee;
on October 20, 1917 the joint meeting of the Pre-Parliament Committee Defense and Foreign Affairs - Verkhovsky analyzed the state of the army and said we can't fight;
on October 22, 1917 / 04 Nov. "he went on to Balaam" (?), where only on 29 Oct. learned about the October armed uprising.
Nov. 3 / 16, 1917 returned to Petrograd, and together with members of the Central Committee went to headquarters where the All-Army committee and leaders of some socialist parties tried to form a 'general-socialist government';
Nov. 1917 moved to Mogilov.
In 1922 he was a military expert of the Soviet delegation at the Genoa International Conference.
On 18 July 1931 on charges of anti-Soviet activities sentenced to death. December 2, 1931 sentence to 10 years in the camps.

Viktor Alekseievitch Artamonov born October 9, 1873 and died August 23, 1942 in Antwerp, Belgium.
"He graduated in 1890 from the Cadet Corps Simbirsk, in 1892 the Military Academy in 1900 and Pavlovsk Academy of Staff of Mykolayiv. ... the Volhynian Guard Regiment, ... and Odessa in 1904. ... military liaison officer 1907 to 1909 in Greece and then from 1909 to 1918 in Serbia. ... 1919 to 1920 he was representative in Belgrade Armed Forces of South Russia, under the direction of Anton Ivanovich Denikin then under those of Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel...".

Very interesting research of Pierre-Yves Beaurepaire, 'Dictionnaire de la Franc-maconnerie', Paris, Armand Colin, 2014, p. 307-314: the conspiracy theory, a whole section of contemporary American literature to have become a topic of academic research among Americanists; revolutions from the eighteenth century.

But the first was John Robison (1739 - 1805), a Scottish physicist and mathematician. He was a professor of philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. A member of the Edinburgh Philosophical Society, the first General Secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1783 - 1798). See Becu in 1803 in Scotland (Dzierzynski, Becu, Pilar-Pilchau, Bulhak, Pilsudski). Robison also worked with James Watt on an early steam car. Following the French Revolution, Robison became disenchanted with elements of the Enlightenment. He authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, a polemic accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati. Born in Boghall, Baldernock, Stirlingshire, close to Thornhill, north-west of Stirling; west of Drummond, south-west of the Doune castle.

See: Peter Rutherford, b. 1843 in Doune - 15 km north-west of Stirling, Kilmadock, Perth in Scotland; his father was John RUTHERFORD; the Douglas family from Bothwell - 15 km south-east of Glasgow, Kincardineshire, 30 km south of Aberdeen, and from Fordoune, Scotland - 14 km north-west of Srirling; see: Douglas from Italy, Napoli. James Francis Edward Keith b. 1696, a Scottish soldier, was born at Inverugie Castle near Peterhead - north of Aberdeen in eastern Scotland, the second son of William, 9th Earl Marischal of Scotland who b. ca 1664, and was also a Jacobite politician of Scotland. Robert Wardlaw Ramsay of Tillicoultry and Whitehill. Tillicoultry is located 18 km east of Stirling! Louis Latour b. 1799, m. Catherine Smith in 1822, Calcutta; Edward De Lautour married Catherine Sconce - second daughter of Robert Sconce, Esquire, of Stirling in Scotland - at Calcutta.


Back to John Robison:
"...In 1770 he travelled to Saint Petersburg as the Secretary of Admiral Charles Knowles, where he taught mathematics to the cadets at the Naval Academy at Cronstadt, obtaining a double salary and the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. ... Robison returned to Scotland in 1773 and took up the post of Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. He lectured on mechanics, hydrostatics, astronomy, optics, electricity and magnetism (see Gernet, Duflon, Breguet, Konstantynowicz). Towards the end of his life, he became an enthusiastic conspiracy theorist, publishing Proofs of a Conspiracy, ... in 1797, alleging clandestine intrigue by the Illuminati and Freemasons ... carried on in the secret meetings of Freemasons, Illuminati and Reading Societies. The secret agent monk, Alexander Horn provided much of the material for Robison's allegations. ... In 1798, the Reverend G. W. Snyder sent Robison's book to George Washington for his thoughts on the subject in which he replied to him in a letter. ... Modern conspiracy theorists, such as Nesta Webster and William Guy Carr, believe the methods of the Illuminati as described in Proofs of a Conspiracy were copied by radical groups throughout the 19th and 20th centuries in their subversion of benign organizations...".


Weishaupt (Johann Adam Weishaupt b. 1748 in Ingolstadt, d. 1830) was trained by friend of Moses Mendelssohn - Hartwig Wessely / Hartog Naftali Herz in 1771. Over the next five years
Weishaupt formulated a plan, all secret systems be reduced to a single powerful organization. On May 1, 1776, he formed it to live as a secret Order of the Illuminati or "Enlightened"
and stood at the forefront;
see at http://www.eioba.pl/a/3it4/teorie-spiskowe-zakon-iluminatow;
this organization essentially acting as a "over-Freemasonry", to take control on all of Freemasonry. Weishaupt himself to be even accept to lodge "Zur Behuntsamkeit" in Munich, and began to arrange his Order within Freemasonry.

Please compare the text: http://www.klubinteligencjipolskiej.pl/2015/03/wall-street-i-rewolucja-bolszewicka-w-rosji-2/; and notes by Douglas Reed, translated by Krzysztof Edmund Wojciechowicz, at http://spiritolibero.neon24.pl/post/107504,rewolucja-swiatowa.


And now back to England:
Edward VII, b. 1841 in London, in 1874 the Prince of Wales attended the marriage at St. Petersburg of his brother, the Duke of Edinburgh, with the grand-duchess Marie of Russia. He was first elected grand master of the Freemasons of England in 1874; a bencher of the Middle Temple, he was son of Queen Victoria; initiated by the King of Sweden, at Stockholm in 1868, the rank of Past Grand Master of England was conferred upon him in 1870. Patron of the Grand Lodges of Scotland and Ireland and was an honorary member of Lodge of Edinburgh No. 1. Grand Master Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (then the King of Great Britain and Ireland as Edward VII from 1901), 1874 to 1901.

The network:
Montenegro - Potapov - Parvus - Berezyna - Konstantynowicz - Artuzow - Volpi - Venetia - electricity:
Prince Arseny Karageorgievich / Karadjordjevic b. 1859, d. 1938, was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888; served until 1916 to the Russian military, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army, participated in the Russian-Japanese War and in the First World War; the pretender to the Serbian throne, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion; the friend of Drzewiecki, Duflon, Breguet in St Petersburg (see: Potapov in Montenegro; the Azbelev / Azbelew family, and the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Petersburg; Nagasaki and Bronislaw Pilsudski, Volpi; Neuchatel in Switzerland).
Arseny was the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia.

The first genealogy of Arseny:

Count Pavel Pavlovich Demidov / Demidoff, 2nd Prince San Donato, 1839-1885, owned approximately 100 factories in Russian and 1 million squares kilometers of land in Russia, France and in Italy. He move to Villa Pratolino, named as Villa Demidoff, and m. 2nd time to Helena or Elena Petrovna, Princess Troubetzekaya, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, b. St. Peterburg in 1853, d. Odessa in 1917; Aurora Pavlovna Demidova, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, Princess of Serbia, and later Countess Noghera, born in San Donato in 1873 or 1874, d. Marseille, in 1943 (? - Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), eldest daughter of the second marriage of the above Prince Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; Aurora m. first to Arsene Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1859-1938, son of Alexandar Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1806-1885 and Persida Nenadovic, 1813-1873. General of the Russian army; Comander-General of the Yugoslavian army. He was brother of Peter I, King of Serbians, Croats and Slovens, later King of Yugoslavia, 1844-1921. Prince Arsene divorced in 1896. Paul Karadordevic, Prince of Yugoslavia, b. 1893, was educated at the University of Oxford.

The second genealogy of Arseny:

A wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:

Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev; her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; her grandfather Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826, her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804; her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817; her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812.

Above mentioned Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic / Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1806 - 1885), Prince of Serbia in 1842 - 1858. After his father's death in 1817, he was living in Russia and served to the Russian army to 1840. He left two sons: Peter I of Yugoslavia (1844-1921), 1903 the king of Serbia, 1918 the King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; and above named Arseny (1859 - 1938); his son, Prince Paul was a regent of Yugoslavia in 1934 - 1941.

Mentioned Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato (b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), her father Pavel Pavlovich Demidov, Prince of San Donato (1839, Weimar - d.
1885, Pratolino near Florence),
Russian industrialist, 1871-1872 and 1873-1874 Kiev; the Red Cross during the Turkish war of 1877-1878. He was son of Pavel Nikolayevich Demidov and Aurora Karamzina.

Baroness Eva Aurora Charlotte Stjernvall / Eva Aurora Charlotta Stjernvall; 1836 the name Demidov, 1846 as Karamzin; she was born in 1808, Bёrneborg, died 1902, Helsingfors; the Swedish-Finnish roots, a maid of honor of the imperial court, a large philanthropist.
Her husband was Count Pavel Demidov (1798 - 1840, Mainz), Russian businessman, the owner of the richest Ural iron foundry (see Koziell-Poklewski family), the actual state councilor, honorary member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, philanthropist; the son of Count Nikolai Nikitich Demidov and Elizabeth Alexandrovna Stroganov.

On the other hand we look at
Emmanuel Karaso, Karassu / Carasso / Emanuel Karasu (Salonica, 1862 - died in Trieste in 1934), a lawyer of the Sephardic Jewish Carasso family of Salonica / Thessaloniki, Greece; a member of the Young Turks; a member or a founder, president of the Macedonian Risorta Masonic lodge in Thessaloniki; he worked for Jewish organizations in Turkey, and negotiated the treaty ending the Italo-Turkish War.

And next network in the Balkan kingdom of Montenegro, owned by Volpi, and the Russian military attache from 1903 to 1915 - N. M. Potapov.

Potapov in 1915 taken the position of Quartermaster General and Deputy Chief of Staff of the Russian Army, in charge of all army intelligence.
In the summer of 1917, Potapov began Bolshevik, but he was known since the 1890s.
He help to the transformation of the Tsarist War Ministry into the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs (see the Bonch-Bruevich brothers, Lenin, and village Zbyszyn close to Miezonka).
He was the first Red Army Chief of Staff; close to A. A. Artuzov (see Saanen in Switzerland, Lenin, Dzierzynski in Switzerland, Duflon) - who was a cousin of Potapov.


And at present back again to Montenegro and Serbia, Venetia and Turkey:

Alexander Lvovich Parvus born Israel Lazarevich Gelfand / Aleksandr Parvus / Aleksander Izrael Łazariewicz Helphand / Aleksandr Izrail Lazarevich Gelfand (Gelfant, Helfant or Helphand), byname Parvus, left Russia in 1886 for Switzerland. He actually originated the notion of "permanent revolution". Gelfand attended gymnasium in Odessa and received private tutoring. Parvus was born in 1867 in Berezino in the province of Minsk in Byelorussia, but grew up in Odessa where he finished college in 1885. A doctor of philosophy in 1891.

"... Exiled to Siberia, he escaped. Once back in Europe he managed to lay his hands on 130,000 gold German marks from Max Reinhardt's productions of "The Lower Depths" and other Gorky plays. He was supposed to keep the money safe for their author. Instead, he started a new life in the Ottoman Empire, working first as an arms merchant for Krupp and later as a dealer in grain and coal as well as weapons. By 1915 he was the chief adviser to the German general staff on the revolutionary movement in Russia".

"...Parvus's status in Switzerland was secured by his longtime colleague, Adolph Muller, the German Ambassador in Berne, and a Munich publisher. According to authors James and Suzanne Pool ... he had done business with the Nazis since before the putsch. ... The money that Hitler used to purchase the newspaper came from a White Russian and former Okhrana associate, Vasili Biskupsky. ... At the close of World War I, Parvus wrote the following profile of the European situation:
'There exist two possibilities only: either the unification of western Europe, or Russia's domination. The whole game with the buffer states will end in their annexation by Russia, unless they are united with central Europe in an economic community, which would provide a counter-balance to Russia'.
Under any circumstances, Parvus argued that the era of the nation-state system had ended in Europe...".

Acc. to the article on September 23, 2005, Executive Intelligence Review, ... Parvus Permanent War Madness, by Jeffrey Steinberg, Allen Douglas, and Rachel Douglas. This article was based on an exhaustive study by Allen and Rachel Douglas, 'The Roots of the Trust: From Volpe to Volpi, and Beyond - The Venetian Dragomans of the Russian Empire', and on published and unpublished research by Scott Thompson, Marjorie Mazel Hecht, and Joseph Brewda:
"...a doctrine which the Russian-born British intelligence asset Alexander Helphand, also known as Parvus, dictated to Leon Trotsky's effort to overthrow Russia's Tsar in the revolution of 1905. What Helphand dictated to his dupe Trotsky, in writing, personally, there at that time, is a doctrine of 'permanent revolution / permanent war', which Trotsky himself defended up to the moment of his murder by a Soviet assassin, in Mexico in 1940. Alexander Israel Helphand (a.k.a. Parvus). Both (Shabotynsky / Zabotynski) Jabotinsky and Parvus edited publications of the British / Venetian-spawned Young Turk movement, which helped ... the overthrow of the Ottoman Empire.
Like Jabotinsky, Parvus (1867 - 1924) came from (born in Berezyna in 1867) an Odessa family steeped in the grain trade. By 1886, Helphand / Parvus had already become involved in the Okhrana-spawned Russian socialist scene, travelling to Switzerland to participate in the Emancipation of Labor group, led by a number of documented Okhrana agents, including Lev Deutsch, and suspected Okhrana man Georgi Plekhanov / Plechanow.

... By 1900, Parvus had joined the inner circle of the Bolsheviks, using his Munich, Germany apartment to house the printing press for the group, and hosting V. I. Lenin and other leaders (see Brilling, Duflon and Konstantynowicz family, Inessa Armand, Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand).
According to several biographical accounts, by 1902, Parvus was receiving direct Okhrana funding through Gorky, who gave Parvus the rights to publish his works abroad (see Neapol and Capua in my research).
When the entire leadership of the Petersburg Soviet, including Trotsky, was rounded up and jailed in December 1905, Parvus escaped the police clutches. When he was later captured, he escaped police custody, courtesy of the Okhrana agent Lev Deutsch. Parvus next turned up, via Germany, in Constantinople, as a 'journalist' covering the Young Turk rebellion against the Ottomans ... It would be at this moment that Parvus's ties to the leading European 'Venetian Party' factions would be publicly shown.
In 1908, the Committee for Union and Progress, otherwise known as the Young Turks, carried out a military coup, overthrowing the Sultan and seizing power over the Ottoman Empire. ... The actual founder of the Young Turk movement was an Italian Freemason and grain trader named Emmanuel Carasso. Jewish by birth, Carasso had been a founder of the Italian Masonic lodge in Salonika, called the Macedonia Risorta Lodge.
Virtually all of the members of the Young Turk leadership were lodge members. The forerunner of the Macedonia Risorta Lodge was founded by a follower of another Palmerston agent and revolutionary provocateur, Giuseppi Mazzini. ... Carasso was a leading financier (see electricity, Duflon, Konstantynowicz, Venetia) of the entire Young Turk insurrection, and during the Balkan Wars, he was not only the head of Balkan intelligence operations for the Young Turks; he was in charge of all food supplies for the Ottoman Empire during World War I, a lucrative business which he shared with Parvus (see Berezyna and Odessa). ... Another of Carasso's 'business' associates was Parvus, who became economics editor of another Young Turk journal, The Turkish Homeland. Parvus also became a partner of Carasso in the grain trade, and in the arms business, and became independently wealthy. ... Carasso was a protege and business partner of Volpi di Misurata, the leading Venetian banker of the early 20th century, who not only sponsored the Young Turk insurrection, but also promoted the Black Shirt takeover of Rome and went on to run the Mussolini Fascist regime ... The Venetian banker Volpi was closely allied with City of London financiers throughout. And the Young Turks, once they took power, made no secret of their London ties. In 1909 the Ottoman Navy was put under the command of a British admiral; ... banker, Ernst Cassel, established and managed the National Bank of Turkey; and British officials advised the Ministry of Finance, the Interior Ministry, and the Ministry of Justice.
... Parvus also got into the tightly controlled arms business, probably under the patronage of Sir Basil Zaharoff of the Vickers Arms cartel, a prominent Anglo - Venetian enterprise. Once the Balkan Wars had started, leading directly into World War I, Parvus turned his attention back to Russia, laying plans to finance a revolution, to be led by Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Parvus set his scheme for revolution down in a March 9, 1915 memorandum to the German Foreign Ministry, vowing that the Bolsheviks would take power in Russia in 1916, and seeking financial support. ...
One of the key backers of the Parvus Plan at the German General Staff was Count Bogdan von Hutten-Czapski, the head of the Political Section and a longtime business associate of none other than Young Turks financier, the Venetian Synarchist Party operative Giuseppi Volpi, the future controller of Mussolini.
According to his own memoirs,
von Hutten-Czapski had seen the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War as an opportunity 'to smash the Tsarist Empire',
a view shared by Parvus.

... Hugo Stinnes of the German coal syndicate. Stinnes granted Parvus control over the shipping and sale of German coal to Denmark ... Stinnes, too, was tied to Volpi and the Banca Commerciale Italiana. In May 1915, Parvus met with Lenin and Karl Radek in Switzerland (see Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand), and then created a string of front groups in Stockholm and Copenhagen.

... By April 1917, Parvus had pushed the German government to grant secret safe-passage to the Bolshevik leaders back into Russia, and arrangements were soon made, through Parvus and Radek, to smuggle Lenin and 40 other leading Bolsheviks from Switzerland, through Stockholm, back to Petrograd. Parvus remained in Stockholm, in constant communication with the International Mission of the Petrograd Bolshevik Central Committee Abroad...".


On the above Synarchist movement, by LYNN PICKNETT & CLIVE PRINCE:
"...This shadowy politico-occult movement is synarchy, which was developed by the Frenchman Joseph Alexandre Saint-Yves, the Marquis d'Alveydre, in opposition to the rise of anarchy in the second half of the nineteenth century. ... The most high-profile late nineteenth-century devotee of Saint-Yves was the physician Gerard Encausse (Papus), a leading light among French esoteric societies. ... Encausse's death in 1916 resulted in a schism in the Martinist Order over its involvement in politics. The activists, under Victor Blanchard - head of the secretariat of the Chamber of Deputies of the French Parliament - formed the breakaway Martinist and Synarchic Order, which established the Synarchic Central Committee in 1922, designed to pull in promising young civil servants and younger members of great business families...".


Pleshcheev and Tadeusz Grabianka

-
Natal'ia Fedotovna Pleshcheeva (1765/1768 - 1855) / Natalie Pleshcheeva VERIGIN,
the daughter of Fedot Michailovich Verigin, 1722-1783, the member of the War Council.

NATALIA was the State lady in 1826; she was - before marriage - closest to the Grand Dss MARIA FEDOROVNA. Natalia was the mistress of Emperor Paul I.
She was widowed in February 1802.
She was married Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802), born in Moscow; he died Jan. 23 (Feb. 4), 1802, in Montpellier, France. Russian vice admiral (1797). "Pleshcheev made a survey to the Dardanelles in 1775 and around the Black Sea coast near Sinop and Trabzon in 1776. He was the author of one of the first geographic descriptions of Russia".

SERGEI was the friend of I. V. LOPUCHIN [see below !], the Freemason.

Sergei's family probably: Sergej Pleshcheev, born 1701, and Sergej had a daughter Mariya Sergeevna Golitsyn.

All quotes below according to the study of Natalie Bayer and Robert Collis

["Light from the North: Tadeusz Grabianka, the New Israel Society and Millenarian Sentiment Among the Russian Nobility, 1788-1807", by Robert Collis and Natalie Bayer - in 2015. Robert Collis - The University of Sussex, United Kingdom and The University of Turku, Finland - at academia.edu. Bayer - Associate Professor of History; "a native of Rostov-on-Don in southern Russia, she graduated from Moscow State University with a degree in modern European history. She received her Ph.D. in European intellectual history from Rice University in 2007, studying under John Zammito..."]:

"... ... According to Grabianka, the society suspended activities in Avignon on October 28, 1800, after a turbulent decade and as a result of dwindling membership. Five years later, not only Grabianka, but also three other leaders of the society were resident in St. Petersburg:

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699);

Madame Le Maire d'Attigny (born ca 1742), the Great Mother;
and
Nicolas Simonin, the Interpreter of Dreams. ...

At the same time, geopolitical factors brought St. Petersburg firmly into Grabianka's orbit. Indeed, since the Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1793, Grabianka, as a Podolian nobleman, had officially been a Russian subject. Thus, when he sought to return to his family estate in October 1802, he sought a passport to travel from Arkadii Ivanovich Morkov (1747-1827), the Russian Ambassador in Paris, which he duly received. ...".

This "sect" of Tadeusz Grabianka [since 1778/1779], or The Order of Illuminati, it is a Polish intelligence network created during the collapse of the Polish-Lithuanian State and it is a secretive intelligence and political organization working to rebuild independent Poland in conditions when the entire territory of the country was occupied by three hostile neighbors.

"...
Divonne [Louis de la Forest Divonne (1765-1838)] was a fellow initiate of the New Israel Society.

Furthermore, Lefort

[Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society
and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699) = Louis Le Fort, was born in Strasbourg, Alsace, France;
LOUIS - the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA -

was the son of Caroline von Falkenhayn LE FORT +
Pierre Frederic Le Fort, born in 1716, chevalier de l'Ordre militaire;

the grandson of Jean Le Fort, chevalier de l'Ordre de Saint-Alexandre Niefsky / the Order of St Alexandre NEVSKY, 1685-1739

(JEAN Le Fort was the Private Counselor of the King of Poland, Elector of Saxony),

married in BERLIN in 1715 to Frederique de SAINT-SAUVEUR

{Jean Le Fort

(the son of Isaac LE FORT, and Elisabeth Baulacre, his second wife),

born in 1685;
the Polish King, send him as his extraordinary envoy to Russia in ST PETERSBURG; Jean was the Knight of St. Alexander NEVSKY.
Died in Dresden in 1739. Married in Berlin on July 7, 1715 to Frederique Louise the daughter of Josue de Saint-Sauveur, Baron de Montbel, and Justine Philippine Elisabeth, Baroness de Loe,
of whom he had:
1. Pierre Frederic LEFORT / Le Fort;
2. Peter; 3. Peter second; 4. Peter 3rd, twins born in St. Petersburg}.

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the ILLUMINATI society was the great-grandson of ISAAC LE FORT from GENEVE!]

soon took on the position of governor of the children of

Natal'ia Fedotovna Pleshcheeva (1765 -1855), the widow of Pleshcheev, who had died in early 1802.

We do not know the precise role of Pleshcheeva in the New Israel Society, but Grabianka did write at the time that the widow had 'rendered small services to me'.

A contemporary, Matvei Matveevich Muromtsev (1788-1879), also noted many years later that Pleshcheeva hosted Grabianka and that many meetings of the society took place in her home.

In 1804, Lefort also secured a position for d'Attigny as governess in Pleshcheeva's household.
Soon, however, d'Attigny appears to have retired from service and was able to take up residence in the home of

Mariia Antonovna Naryshkina (1779-1854) / NARYSZKIN,
the Polish mistress of the Emperor".

"...
In 1805, Simonin too secured a position as governor of the children of Pavel Petrovich Ushakov (1779- 1853) in the Mikhailovskii Palace.

Although Lefort left Petersburg in August 1806 in order to accompany Pleshcheeva and her daughter
to Lausanne,
Grabianka wrote that he had only been 'necessary until I arrived in St. Petersburg'.

We do not know whether Naryshkina or Ushakov were active members of the New Israel Society, but whatever the case they did help to provide a means for d'Attigny and Simonin to proselytize among the Petersburg nobility. ...".

"... Madame d'Attigny,
as she was one of the leaders of the sect who came to reside in St. Petersburg prior to Grabianka's arrival in the city.

It was precisely at the time that the Oracle began making ominous prophecies about the fate of Russia
that the society in Avignon initiated its first Russian:

Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802).

Pleshcheev's arrival in Avignon in the autumn of 1788 marked the culmination of something of an odyssey through France and Switzerland in which he sought out the foremost Illuminist sages of the era:
Saint-Martin in Strasbourg,

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730-1824) in Lyon, and

Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) in Zurich,
among others.

Pleshcheev, an officer in the Russian navy and a Freemason since at least 1776, was a close confidante of Grand Duke Paul and had helped plan for, and escorted the Russian heir on, his Grand Tour of Europe in 1781-1782.

Moreover, he
[Pleshcheev] journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg

(1736-1798;
the daughter of Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia b. 1719;
Friederike married Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732.

General Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg serving with Frederick the Great during the Seven Years' War. Frederick Eugene married Friederike Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, a niece of Frederick the Great, by whom he had twelve children:

Sophie Dorothea (1759 - 1828), married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia;
and Friederike Elisabeth Amalie (1765 - 1785), married to Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.

Peter OLDENBURG and Frederica became the parents of two sons:
August (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784), ie.
Paul Friedrich August, Grand Duke of Oldenburg; and
Duke Georg Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg.

GEORG OLDENBURG married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia.

GEORG's son was
Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg (1812 in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire - 1881 in St. Petersburg) was a Duke of the House of Oldenburg. "[copyright by Wikipedia] He was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as
grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I.
His great-great grandson, Nicholas Romanov, was the President of the Romanov Family Association until his death in 2014".

KONSTANTIN's daughter -

Alexandra of Oldenburg (1838, St. Petersburg - 1900 Kiev, Ukraine), m. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831-1891).

Konstantin's son -

Constantin of Oldenburg (1850, St. Petersburg - 1906 in Nice, France), married AGRAFINA JAPARIDSE / Agrafena Djaparidze, created Countess von Zarnekau.

See Armand - Konstantynowicz home in Moscow),

who was [Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg] herself initiated into the [Illuminati] society.

On November 4, 1788, Richardiere asked the Oracle whether Pleshcheev could joint heir union. The Oracle replied affirmatively. Consequently, Pleshcheev underwent an extraordinary nine-day initiation ... referred to as Mont Thabor - near Avignon. On the first day, Pleshcheev and members of the society ascended to the summit of the hill.
... Amazingly, the written records of
a conversation between Emperor Paul and Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1732- 1798), the last Polish king, which took place on September 15, 1797, suggest that Pleshcheev had indeed revealed a great deal about the New Israel Society to the Russian heir-apparent.

Paul describes in highly favorable terms to Poniatowski how he heard of the 'Avignon brotherhood' about 'eight years ago' and that 'they live very devoutly'.
He added that he was told that 'in 1800, after terrible earthly strife, a full peace will occur that will come from the North'.

Paul also confessed to Poniatowski that he was 'awaiting the advance of these great upheavals, which ... are near'. ...".

Pleshcheev, Sergei Ivanovich (1752-1802) wrote:
"Inscription of the journey of their imperial highnesses,
the great prince Pavel Petrovich and the empress Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna under the name of Count and Countess of the North".
Ed. in St. Petersburg and printed by the writer's dependency; under the Imp. Acad. Sciences, in 1783.

LOPUCHIN = Lopukhin / Lopukchin:

1.
Children of the second wife Zofia Lopuchin from 1860 and Prince Mikolaj / Nikolai Trubetskoy / Nikolaj Pietrovich duke Trubecki:
among others
born in 1862 Sergiej / Siergiej,
1863 Evgenij / Evgenii,
Marija / Maryna / Marina Trubecki b. 1877 - died 1924
and Maria born 1864 - died 1926 ('the second') married Kristi or Christi

(the husband of Maria Nikolaevna Trubetskoy from April 1, 1881 became a cornet of the Guard Hussar Regiment, Grigory Christie b. 1856 d. 1911; but she was only 17? In 1902 - 1905 G. / Jerzy Christie has successfully taken the post of governor of Moscow; June 14, 1882 in Uzkoje, his son Vladimir was born, d. 1946),

Grzegorz, and so on.

Webpage 'ru.rodovid.org' is informing only about 12 children but was 13, including two sisters from the first wife and son Pietr. Polish data base inf. only about the second wife of Mikolaj Trubecki! In 2011 I was writing on 13 children.

2.

DEKA founded in 1901 on 08 June, as the transformation of the company Duflon and Konstantinovich / Константинови& #1095;, which was founded in 1892 by Luis Edouard son of Frances Duflon / Louis Eduard Anton Duflon son of Francis Dyuflon or Lun Eduard Anton Duflon, born 1861, a Swiss citizen and Polish engineer - technologist Apollon W. Konstantinovich, the Russian citizen.

In December 1895 they bought the land in Lopuchinski Park in St. Petersburg.

This factory was opened December 14, 1896. At the beginning of 1897 the factory turned into the Association and soon the 'Deca' began to receive government contracts, in particular for electrical equipment for naval artillery.

Louis E. Dyuflon was graduated of Zurich Polytechnic and starting as an engineer at the factory of electrical products, he soon became the official representative of the French electrical company of Breguet / Brown in Russia, where he met with the engineer Apollo Konstantinovich / Константинови& #1095; - a representative of the same company in Moscow.

Edward Brown from London became a partner [see Tadeusz GRABIANKA in LONDON !], and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm; Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.

Lots of houses No 7 and 8 at Pavlov Street (Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street) in St Petersburg in 1895 bought L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon / Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren / Yu Dizeren and

(inf. about first names, father's name of Apollo(n) Константинови& #1095; and middle names need to be check, on Yu = Y. K., L. F. = Louis Edward, A. = A. V. / A. W.)

A. V. (A. W.) Konstantynowicz / A. Konstantynowicz for the electrical company

(since 1922 the Petrograd State Machine-Building Plant 'Electric'; in 1923, the factory designed the first Soviet welding generator).

The site houses No 9 and 12 Pavlov Street got the Prince of Oldenburg.

The house No 14 in 1909 - 1910: factory building for 'The Russian Society of the wireless telegraph and telephone', in 1923 created Central Radio Laboratory - here was located the center of the main domestic radio industry (L. Mandelstam, N. Papaleksi, D. Rozhanskii, V. P. Vologdin).

A note dated September 21, 1895 from the Ministry guarantees that the plant
'will be to have a free hand for quick ... execution of its most difficult and painstaking work...'.

Domestic firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' (Константинови ч) which was a representative of the French 'Sautter and Harle', under a contract of December 4, been making 11 sets of electric winches for battleship's elevators and to additional elevator for 'Rurik', winches ordered directly to firm 'Sautter and Harle' (the 'Rurik'-I keel was laid in the Baltic Works in St. Petersburg, May 19, 1890).

Fuller was an order given in March 1905 to the company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' immediately by 24 portable electric fans of 300 m / hr. 'Navarin' / Наварин, based on the British Trafalgar-class battleship, was built in St. Petersburg, 1889 to 1896;
in September 1893, as planned 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' factory was appointed date of move of 'Navarino' to Kronstadt for completion of equipment and accessories.

To build a 'Громобой' / 'Stormbreaker' ship in the new dock of the Baltic plant started on June 14, 1897, and on December 7 of that year this new cruiser called 'Gromoboi' was enrolled in the fleet; guns delivered from the Obukhov plant, and a winches from 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz company'.

The 'Duflon and Konstantinovich' Company Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, was situated at the Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8.

3.
The family of above Sophia Lopukhin:
a.
Alexander A. Lopukhin b. 1839, d. 1895, in 1867, assistant prosecutor at the Moscow District Court, from 1882 - Chairman of the Warsaw Regional Court.
b.
Mary A., died 1886.
c.
Sophia A. LOPUCHIN, b. 1841, d. 1901.
d.
Lydia A., b. 1842.
e.
Boris Lopukhin, b. 1844, d. 1897, the prosecutor of Warsaw.
f.
Olga LOPUCHIN, b. 1845, died 1883, married Andrew / Andrej or Alexander S. Ozerov born 1845, d. 1897 in St. Petersburg, Major-General,
managing of court of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich -

Alexander Mikhailovich Sandro, 1866-1933, Grand Duke,
was son of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich, b. 1832;

Sandro was Adjutant General, Admiral, Chief merchant shipping and ports (1902-1905), after 1914 he was in charge of aviation in the army; mason, a Rosecrucian.
g.
Emilie A. b. 1848.
h.
Sergey Lopukhin b. 1853, in 1906 he was appointed chief procurator of the Senate in St. Petersburg.

This Russian family LOPUKHIN had many contacts with Poland and Poles in prosecution positions and filling other positions. In Chroscina - ex the Congress Poland - on July 17, 1866 the Russian General Krasnokucki, as a reward for the suppression of the January Uprising, taken a palace and after his daughter - married Lopuchin / Lopukhin, also a general - was living here.

From the other hand we know from a work B. I. Mikolajewski, 'Azef. The history of the double traitor', Warsaw 1933:

"...In September 1908 he left Cologne on his way to Berlin,
Duke Alexei Alexandrovich Lopuchin - former director of the Tsar's Police Department.
... came to him an unexpected guest - Vladimir Burcew - known left-wing social activist, journalist and publisher. ... After the revolution of 1905 main attention devoted detecting tsarist secret political police, and above all ... its agents, who penetrated the ... revolutionary organizations. ... This time he wanted to get confirmation from Lopuchin of collaborating with the Tsarist police, then known party activist of the Socialist-Revolutionaries - Jewno Azef. ... Lopuchin in 22 years of age received a law degree at Moscow University and in 1886 has been included among those serving the Ministry of Justice. ... May 1902, he was then a prosecutor Kharkiv chambers...".

4.

Nikita N. Troubetzkoy

(in Russia, Professor Schwartz was the first chief of Russian Freemasons 1780 - 1783 but the true leaders of Freemasons were not where they are looking for; others 'leaders':
Prince Nikita Nikolaevich Trubetskoy,
Turgenev and
Lopukhin;
we don't know who is Prince Nikita Nikolaevich Trubetskoy).

But we know on:

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists. In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.

NIKOLAI was the father of
Peter Nikolaevich Troubetzkoy
and maybe of
Prince Nikita Nikolaevich Trubetskoy.

Named Peter Nikolaevich Troubetzkoy, 1773 - 1801.
Peter was the father of Анна Петровна Кожухова; Юрий Петрович Трубецкой; Grigory Petrovich Troubetzkoy and Елена Петровна.

This MARTINISTS Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.

Many of the members were the Russians:

Lopuhin Ivan {Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802), born in Moscow, the Russian vice admiral (1797), was the friend of I. V. LOPUCHIN},

Ivan Turgenev,
Kutuzov,
Tatishchev,
Chebotarev, etc.

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) had the brother Prince Yuri Nikitich Trubetskoy / Yuri Troubetzkoy, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Ivan V. Lopuhin / Lopuchin, wrote:
1. Spiritual Knight;
2. Some features of the internal church.

Above

Ivan Vladimirovich Lopukhin / Ива́н Влади́мирович Лопухи́н, b 1756, in the Oryol Governorate;
died in 1816, was an Imperial Russian philosopher, mystic, writer and humanitarian.
The son of Lieutenant-General Vladimir Ivanovich Lopukhin (1703-1797) and Evdokia Ilinichna Isayeva (1717- 1774), the daughter of Vice-President of the Commerce Board, Ilya Isayev.

The grandson of Ivan Petrovich Lopukhin, born in 1679 - d. 1734 in Moscow / Moskva.

The great-grandson of Петр Авраамович Большой "Лапка" Лопухин, acc. to geni.com was born in 1636 - d. in 1701.

And the great-great-grandson of
Avraam Nikitic Lopukhin, died in 1685

[Софья Алексеевна Трубецкая b. 1841, was the daughter of Aleksej Aleksandrovich Lopuxin / LOPUKHIN;
come from Aleksandr;
the son of Nikolai;
come from Nikita died in 1783,
the son of GAVRILA junior;
from Fedor and
from Gavrila older],

come from Никита Васильевич Лопухин.

Mentioned
Ivan Vladimirovich Lopukhin b. 1756, in Voskreskenskoye / RETIAZHI, at the KROMY county; Lopukhin joined the Preobrazhensky Lifeguard regiment in 1775. He retired as colonel; he was serving as a counselor and later court president on the Moscow Criminal court, 1782 and 1785.
"He was introduced to rosicrucianism, martinism and freemasonry through his friend Nikolay Novikov
and began a career as a writer and printer, while entering civil service. He became Senator in 1798".
In 1801, Tsar Alexander I asked Lopukhin to investigate complaints by the Doukhobors, his reports in 1802 leading to their resettlement on the Molochnaya River, along with other religious minorities.

Note:
Eudoksja Fiodorowna Łopuchina, m. in 1689 to Emperor Piotr I - his the 1st wife. Her grandson was Emperor Piotr II.

Piotr Łopuchin, 1753-1827, m. Jekaterina / Katarzyna Szetnew, 1763-1839.
Prince Pyotr Vasilyevich Lopukhin (1753 - 1827) was a Russian politician; he was president of the Council of Ministers from 1816 to 1827. Procurator General of the Governing Senate 1798-1799; General; Chairman of the Russian Council of Ministers 1816-1827; Duke.
The member of the MALTA ORDER.
The owner of PORCHOVO in the PSKOV governorate.
He married twice:
1. Praskovia Ivanovna, nee Levshina - their daughter
Anna was a mistress of Paul I of Russia.
2. Iekaterina, nee Shetnevoy (1763-1839).

He was the son of VASILI LOPUCHIN.

5.
Now brief note on the Uvarov family settled in Pskov.

Fedor Petrovich Uvarov had his cousin's nephew Sergei Uvarov Apollonovich (1847 in Tula, Kharkov and Tver);
Fedor Petrovich Uvarov [see below] was born on April 16, 1773 [or 1769] in the village Hruslovka in the Tula province.
He was married to Princess Maria Feodorovna Lubomirski.

His father was on trial and lived in St. Petersburg, the property was under arrest, and the Uvarov had to live with his mother in the village. In 1786, Fedor Petrovich was sergeant in the Life Guards Regiment. 1788 the captain of Sofia Infantry Regiment. 1790 he took part in military actions in Poland and again in 1792 and 1794. 1798 he received the rank of colonel.

He became a close friend of Ekaterina Nikolaevna Lopukhina, stepmother of the emperor's favorite, Anna.
In March 1798 he was transferred to St. Petersburg, 1800 he was appointed chief of the Cavalry Corps;
he had the Order of St. John of Jerusalem;
1800 - lieutenant general. Uvarov became one of the most closest friend to EMPEROR Alexander, accompanied him on walks and trips.


The Philalethes and the Illuminati - France, England, Russia and Tadeusz Grabianka, the leader of the ILLUMINATI:

A.

Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816)
was a French surgeon.

"In 1767 he founded a lodge of Illumines Theosophes, based on the anonymous writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. In 1774 he migrated to England.

In 1775 Chastanier and the Marquis de Thorn joined the Philalethes, a Masonic society founded by Savalette de Langes in Paris

[Charles-Pierre-Paul, marquis de Savalette de Langes, b. in Tours in 1745, died in 1797; he was captain of the national guards and
aide de camp of La Fayette.
He attends reformist clubs like the Valois club. Initiated in the lodge of the "Indissoluble Friends" in Lille in 1766, he is a member and co-founder of the "Les Amis Reunes" lodge, together with, among others,
the Vicomte of Tavannes,
Antoine Court of Gebelin,
Claude Baudard of Saint-James, the president of Hericourt,
and Prince Charles of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg.

He founded the Philalethes regime - martinism is the foundation of this new rite. This lodge welcomed Cagliostro, Mesmer, and Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin.

He also presided over the Philosophical and Masonic Congress of Paris, in 1785 and 1787.
Co-founder in 1783 to the revolution of the "The Olympic of the Perfect Estime".
Deputy of the Grand Orient of France for many years, first supervisor of the Chamber of Grades in 1782, he participated in the codification of orders of the French Rite.
The last philosophical convent of philaleths was in 1787.
Philaleths or philatelists which translates as: friend or seeker of truth; this regime of philosophical or mystical masonry was founded in 1773 by the Marquis Charles-Pierre-Paul Savalette of Langes in the Lodge "Les Amis Reunions". This ritual lasted until the death of its founder in 1797; it had such a representatives:
Saint Martin ,
the brothers Lavater,
Ferdinand of Brunswick
and Joseph de Maistre].

In 1776, Benedict Chastanier (1739 - ca 1816), founded Universal Society in London to disseminate Swedenborg's writing.
In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon".

Above
Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg (born in 1721, Wolfenbuttel - d. 1792, Vechelde),
was a Prussian field marshal (1758-1766). "... 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army in Western Germany which successfully repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover."
He also was a freemason, initiated in 1740 into the Lodge of The Three Globes in Berlin, and received the degree of Master Mason in 1743 at Breslau.

He was in the closest touch with Frederick the Great, who supervised the instruction of the guard battalion. Ferdinand was one of the most intimate friends of the king.
In 1759, "... Ferdinand retreated in the face of a French advance, but managed to check them with a decisive victory at the Battle of Minden. This ended the immediate French threat to Hanover, as the French army was in no condition to continue its advance".

Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick 1721 - 1792; Scottish Rite; he is the same Duke of Brunswick who was mentioned in Robison's secret Illuminati membership list; the patron of the Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot.
The Sabbatian Vienna Lodge of the Asiatic Brethren was founded by Jacob Frank's cousin, Moses Dobrushka, alias Von Schoenfeld.

The vocation to live a few pseudo-secret organizations, very fast , with extremely strange names and rituals, names dating back to the deep Middle Ages, causes the astonishment and even awakens laughter. In the course of 50 years each of these organizations tried to take control of the other [1740-1790].

The United Kingdom, Russia and France sent out for supreme positions in these organizations, his trusted men, too. Only the United Kingdom has been successful taking over control of the Scottish mysterious structures, but it was in the years 1790-1800.
A previously plan of mysterious brain was successful. From England broke away its colonies [without Canada] in the years around 1776-1785.

Blows from the inside hit in France and Poland [1780s] destroying the two countries; Poland disappeared from the map of the world for about 120 years, but France survived the chaos of the Jacobin revolution and Napoleonic wars.

It broke out a strange uprising in Russia, operettas and provoked, of the Decembrists, as if someone wanted to prove that Russia was not directed underground movements against Poland, Great Britain and France [and even earlier already against Bavaria; and later against the Papacy in Italy], and at the turn of the 19th and 20th century also against Turkey.

But it is Russia suffered the greatest benefits of the revolutionary turmoil in North America and France - but rather in the whole of central and Western Europe at the end of the 18th century.

Discussed below mysterious organization is nothing more than the 18-century intelligence agencies of a foreign power.

Today it is difficult to say who, what country, either a government, or an institution, maybe a NGO managed this complicated structure in the 19th century.
Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.

"...Lenin was preceded by a Swiss spy named Pierre Gilliard who was hired to tutor the Romanov children in French.
Charles Sydney Gibbes was their English tutor.
The Revolution was planned in London and Geneva... Both men were MI6 operatives (this is an opinion of Scrivener) and they could be relied upon to maintain strict secrecy as to the final fate of the Romanovs...", acc. to Patrick Scrivener.

But Bob Atchison wrote (Copyright 2011):

"...Pierre Gilliard - Thirteen Years at the Russian Court ... GILLIARD NOTE:
Ludendorff exaggerates the role of the Entente in the Russian Revolution when he writes:
'In March, 1917, a Revolution, the work of the Entente, overthrew the Tsar'.

The movement was supported by the Entente, but it was not their work.

Ludendorff shows well enough what were its immediate results for Germany. "The Revolution meant a fatal loss of military power to Russia, weakened the Entente and gave us considerable relief in our heavy task. The General Staff could at once effect important economies of troops and ammunition, and could also exchange divisions on a much greater scale."
And further on:
"In April and May, 1917, it was the Russian Revolution which saved us in spite of our victory on the Aisne and in Champagne" (Ludendorff, My War Memories, vol. II).

The Imperial train left Mohilev on the night of the 12th (March 1917), but on arriving at the station of Malaya- Vichera twenty-four hours later it was ascertained that the station of Tosno, thirty miles south of Petrograd, was in the hands of the insurgents, and that it was impossible to get to Tsarskoe - Selo. There was nothing for it but to turn back. The Tsar decided to go to Pskov to General Russky, the Commander-in-Chief of the Northern Front. He arrived there on the evening of the 14th. When the General had told him the latest developments in Petrograd the Tsar instructed him to inform M. Rodzianko by telephone that he was ready to make every concession if the Duma thought that it would tranquillize the nation.
The reply came: "It is too late."

To finish her work of destruction, Germany had only to give Lenin and his disciples a plentiful supply of money and let them loose on Russia.

Lenin and his friends never dreamed of talking to the peasants about a democratic republic or a constituent assembly. They knew it would have been waste of breath.

As up-to-date prophets, they came to preach the holy war and to try and draw these untutored millions by the attraction of a creed in which the finest teaching of Christ goes hand in hand with the worst sophisms ...
BOB ATCHISON NOTE:
In the previous paragraph Pierre Gilliard suggests that the Jews were responsible for the revolution.
Here he presents (Anti-Semitism) anti-semetic opinions that were widely held at the time.

While many Jews, who as a group had been disenfrancised from the Russian Empire, were active supporters of the Revolution, those who became Bolsheviks were agnostics or non-believers who most often found themselves oppressors of their own people, religion and culture...".

For Germany, England, France, and Poles and also for Baltic Germans, remained the hardest way - but also the way bringing the greatest benefits - take over the underground structures, when it takes on the momentum and becomes the might;
best to immediately take over the head of structure - the supreme authority of underground networks and the supreme command of Russian intelligence.

It had to be, however, protect from the rear - creating from the ground up a modern counterintelligence of the Tsarist Russia, by the Baltic Germans already infiltrated from Ireland and Scotland.

Objectives were clear - the overthrow of the Romanov dynasty and abridgment of Russia to the national core [1917- 1922]. The whole plan should have been conducted in Europe now plunged into chaos of war - it is the First World War [1914-1918].
So plan for dismantling of the colonial powers: England and France, ended with a defeat - and the same multi-level underground structure has become a tool of western intelligence services.

The conspiracy in Russia created curtains and protected from the beginning by the modern counterintelligence of the Tsarist Russia created by Benkendorff and Dubbelt from Estonia and Latvia - thanks to this major role in this system can be played a German families from Estonia.

They anchored (Fabian Pilar von Pilchau of Parnu) in Lithuania / Belarus and joined with families from Belarus: Piłsudski, Dzierzynski, Konstantynowicz and so on. Thanks to this connections the German Empire took over from the top of all this political system according to some theorists, and by others - the British intelligence.

This statement is not true, or not true fully. The main ally of Britain during the First World War was Russia, and the Romanov dynasty with its last tsar. This is confirmed by the organization of the Allied mission to Russia in January 1917 and earlier such a mission to Romania.

Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. Ireland fought then about freedom, just like the Poles. Scotland also fight, like Estonia.

In this ensemble, ready to act, entered Polish independence movement of Pilsudski, using additional family connections with the Baltic Germans, Irish and Scots.
This was the largest triumph of Poles in the period 1618 -2015 [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland].
Pilsudski never could let - during his life - destroyed of this work [1926], as his successor Marshal Rydz Smigly [1939-1941].
Greatest defeat suffered Poles in the years 1937-1945, and to this day is difficult for them to get up.

Of course, already other countries took a leading role in this web network in the 20th century; only suggests - USA, Great Britain, the Soviet Russia and Israel ...

Russia was the only country interested in depriving of England colonies in North America (1776), and in broken down of France from the core (1789).
Russia, which began the race for colonies in the Central and North Asia (the way to India and China), and America (the 18th cent. - Alaska, Oregon, California).

Russia in the second half of the 18th century began conquer of the Central Europe, including the destruction of Poland (1795) and Turkey.

Secret societies were the Russian (Freemasonry, Illuminati, Templars) best tools in infiltrating opposition against the monarchs of England and France (and against the Catholic Church). For Tadeusz Grabianka, in 1778-1807, the aim was to reverse this situation and take over the "head" of all Liberal-Masons movements.

We back to Frederick Duke of Brunswick:

Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick- Wolfenbuettel.
She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.

Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.

Of Frederick William III and Louise' four children, three married the brothers and sisters of Csar Alexander I.

Frederick William III's daughter, Charlotte of Prussia, married Paul's son, Emperor Nicholas I, who succeeded Alexander I, and who also belonged to the Order of the Garter.

Frederick's son Wilhelm I married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, the daughter of Nicholas' sister Maria Romanov.

A third child of Frederick, Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia, married Maria's Romanov other daughter, Marie Luisa Alexandrina von Saxe-Weimar.

Everything leads us to Russia.

This MARTINISTS Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.
Many of the members were the Russians:
Lopuhin Ivan {Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802), born in Moscow, the Russian vice admiral (1797), was the friend of I. V. LOPUCHIN},
Ivan Turgenev,
Kutuzov,
Tatishchev,
Chebotarev, etc.

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) had the brother Prince Yuri Nikitich Trubetskoy / Yuri Troubetzkoy, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

B.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia, born 1832, served 1862 - 1882 as the Governor General of Caucasia, being seated in Tbilisi.

Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, son of Jan Despot Zenowicz / Jan Despot-Zenowicz (b. ca 1800) was born in 1833 or 1835, education in France, he settled in the Caucasus, 1856 with the rank of titular counselor, served as an officer of the Caucasus Governor, the Baku District Court, was appointed by the Caucasus Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich b. 1832, the fourth son of Tsar Nicholas I, died in Cannes on 18 December 1909; the funeral was in Russia; Field Marshal.

Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia was partner of Countess Olga Kalinowska but she happened to be the mistress of Tsarevitch Alexander, the son of Tsar Nicholas I. Olga was pregnant by either the Tsarevitch or his father Nicholas I. On 10 October 1848 or in 1849 Olga gave birth to Prince Bogdan or Michael-Bogdan - Oginski by name and Romanov by gene.

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich had son

Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - Sandro / Sasho
who was a key figure in the development of the Russian air force;

Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro), b. 01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France. Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro): Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia, on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies.
Mason, and called himself Philalethes.
Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages: 1886 - 1889 made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals.

The brother of named above
Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich b. 1832, the fourth son of Tsar Nicholas I, died in Cannes on 18 December 1909,
was:

Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891), the sixth child of Emperor Nicholas I - married Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929) was the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).
His father was the sixth child to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798 - 1860).
Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
His maternal grandfather was a son of Duke George of Oldenburg and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Paul I of Russia and Maria Fedorovna of Wurttemberg.

Grand Duke Nicholas played a main role during the Revolution of 1905, from 1905 was commander-in-chief of the St. Petersburg Military District.

1907, Nicholas married Princess Anastasia of Montenegro, who reinforced the Pan-Slavic tendencies of Nicholas.
The Grand Duke had no part in the planning and preparations for World War I. The February Revolution found Nicholas in the Caucasus, next two years in the Crimean Peninsula, 1922, Nicholas was proclaimed as the emperor of all Russia.
Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich or Nikolay Nikolayevich Romanov (1856 - 1929) served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 - 1878 and was inspector general of the cavalry for ten years from 1895; was Commander in Chief of the Russian army during the first year of the First World War and, for the briefest moment, at the end of Tsar Nicholas II's reign.

"The first President of the United States, George Washington believed that the Illuminati intended to separate the people from their government in his letters in the Library of Congress. The original manuscript is on the Library of Congress website...", acc. to Greg Scott.

It was a global political network of the Russian intelligence [before 1789 and maybe to a certain extent after death of Tadeusz Grabianka in 1807] infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy:
Lenin and Inessa Armand, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.

On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.

Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.

The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities.

This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland].
Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.
Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands.
It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear. It works like clockwork.

Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.

The underground structure has clearly defined objectives at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries:

1. call up the chaos in Europe;
2. to bring the continental war;
3. overthrow of the Romanovs in Russia;
4. lead to anarchy in Russia;
5. starting the war between the invaders, who take away the Polish independence [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland];
6. pulling the western countries into the war, and in due time also America.

The network in the 18th to 21st cent. - overarching objectives are at the beginning of the 20th cent.:

1. Polish independence [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland],
2. The independence of the Baltic States;
3. The creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Tools to achieve these goals are:

1. The money from the Scottish, Jewish and American banks; revenue from the Mediterranean trade - Marseille, Greece, Naples, Crimea; and plantations in Ceylon and from the Asian trade - Ceylon, India, Japan;

2. the use of secret non-goverment organisations (NGOs) in Europe and America;

3. The creation of favorable underground structures inside the intelligence networks of Western Europe and American countries.

C.

General Charles Rainsford (1728 - 1809)
was a British Army officer. His uncle, also Charles Rainsford (died 1778), was deputy lieutenant of the Tower of London and used his influence to get him made second cornet in General Bland's 3rd dragoons in March 1744 ...
With his new unit he returned to England to face the Jacobite rising;
he was rising to major of brigade and colonel's aide-de-camp.
He then served as private secretary to Tyrawley, governor of Gibraltar (1756 - 1757) before returning to England again in 1760.

The following year he was given a company to command under Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick in Germany.

He was also elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1779.
He was also a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, a Rosicrucian, a freemason and a dabbler in alchemy.

In 1782 Chastanier and Charles Rainsford reached out to kindred Illuminist groups in Berlin and Paris by publishing a brochure in French about degrees of the Universal Society.
Chastanier was in contact with the Illumines of Avignon.

General Rainsford was affiliated with the Illuminati through the lodge of Amis Reunis at Paris, which corresponded with the Bavarian Masons.

Whether the Illuminati affair had a role in the history of the Order of Knights Templar in England is difficult to determine,
but by 1791 the latter had decided to end their quasi-separate status and put themselves under the direction of a leading figure within the Grand Lodge. This was Thomas Dunckerley, the provincial grand Master [see Br. Bystrzanowski + George Washington].

Thomas Dunckerley, acted in the Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons,
held at the Castle-Inn, Marlborough (1769) - at half way from Bristol to Reading.

William Wonnacott suggests Sibly may have first become acquainted with his future masonic patron Thomas Dunckerley (1720 - 1795) in Portsmouth.

Thomas Dunckerley known in 1766 and 1767 Chesterfield;
also he known Sir Edward Walpole - early in the construction on his new identity - to support Dunckerley's attempt to be recognized as GEORGE II's son.

Ebenezer Sibly was deeply involved in occult, but his brother Manoah SIBLY was the member of the Swedenborgian Theosophical Society; and was living in London like Swedenborgian minister.

Manoah SIBLY thus provided a tangible connection between
Ebenezer SIBLY / Ebenezer Sibley, and
the Swedenborgian enthusiasts Philippe de LOUTHERBOURG,
Peter Lambert de LINTOT and
Charles RAINSFORD
- and in ca 1776 to CAGLIOSTRO.
Above acc. to Susan Mitchell Sommers.

Thomas Dunckerley, a natural son of George II, was initiated into Masonry, in January 1754.
Acc. to 'HISTORY OF THE GRAND LODGE OF ENGLAND - 1723-60':
"... The first meeting of this Lodge, of which a record is preserved, took place, December 28, 1732. Present, the Master and Wardens, and seven 'members'.
No other titles are used.
Among the 'members' were George Rainsford [later of course]
and Johnson Robinson, the former of whom is described as Master, and the latter as Pass'd Master, in the minutes of May 18, 1733.

In summer 1783 Rainsford and William Bousie, an Anglo-French merchant, began corresponding with the Parisian lodge of the Philalethes, preparatory to the Philalethes convention in Paris in April 1785 to review the rites of many para-Masonic and esoteric societies.

Rainsford provided information on Emanuel Swedenborg, Baal Shem of London and the Kabbalistic symbolism of higher degrees.

He was then sent to be Robert Boyd's second-in-command at Gibraltar ...

"... By the end of the Eighteenth Century numerous enthusiasts for Swedenborg's reported experiences, and for some of his ideas, were to be found in England and in continental Europe.
... e.g. Benedict Chastanier and
Count Tadeusz Grabianka, fell into the New Church only to fall rapidly out of it,
others, Jacob Duche and
General Rainsford,
for example, kept their distance while maintaining their enthusiasm. ...

Richard Brothers, who had taken up Swedenborgian doctrines at Avignon with the Abbe Pernety / Pernetta, and Count TADEUSZ Grabianka.

Both Brothers and Grabianka attended meetings in London at the home of the Revd. Jacob Duche
who, while studiously avoiding a commitment to the New Church, encouraged the study of both Swedenborg and Jacob Boehme, the German mystic ...

Pernety / Pernetta established his Hermetic Rite of Freemasonry at Avignon in 1766,
but it did not contain Swedenborgian elements until Pernety returned from Berlin in 1785 and transformed his Rite into the Illumines d'Avignon.

They were joined by Count Grabianka, a confirmed Swedenborgian, who attempted to bring Pernety's Rite to London.
Here he might have expected support from a fellow mason and Swedenborgian, Benedict Chastanier ..."
- above under copyright by Robert A. Gilbert published in Things Heard and Seen, the Newsletter of the Swedenborg Society, London, No. 15 (Autumn 2004) pp. 44-51.

Below we have the details of the movements of underground in Europe in the period 1740-1790, which also reached North America.

The years 1740 - 1790, it's the beginning of the secret Masonic organizations in Germany, Ireland, France and Scotland, as well as in Russia, Poland, Austria.

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730 - 1824)
was a "French Freemason and Martinist
who played an important role in the establishment of various systems of Masonic high-degrees in his time in both France and Germany".
In Lyon he became Grand Master in 1761, also organized "Sovereign Chapter of Knights of the Black Eagle Rose-Cross", was admitted to first grade in the Order of the Elus Cohens at Versailles in 1767 by Martinez de Pasqually;

in the 1770s, he came into contact with Baron von Hund and the German Order of the Order of Strict Observance which he joined in 1773;

Willermoz introduced also at the Convention of Lyon the Regime Ecossais Rectifie (Rectified Scottish Rite), which combined Templar Freemasonry with the religious ceremonial of the Elect Coens;

he defended the place of Martinist currents in the rite;

"... he resumed his Masonic activities with a resurgence of the CBCS [the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City; in Lyon in 1778, constituted the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City] in 1804, and dedicated himself to this end until his death ... 1824".

The Rectified Scottish Rite,
"also known as Order of Knights Beneficent of the Holy City is a Christian Masonic rite founded in Lyon (France) in 1778".
It is derived from the Rite of Strict Observance erected in 1754, the foundation of which was attributed to Baron von Hund;
it propounded a theory that freemasonry was developed directly from the Crusading Templars;

the Rite was mainly elaborated by Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, including some items coming from the Elect Cohen Order and denying the Templar legacy.

The Elect Cohens,
or the Ordre des Chevelier Macons Elus Cohen de L'Univers / Order of Knight-Masons Elect Priests of the Universe / The Martinist Order of the Elect-Cohens, which issued from
the Traditional Martinist Order
i.e. of the Elus Cohen of Martinez de Pasqually, and of the Order of the Rose-Croix of the Orient;

the Elect Cohens, were a society of Cabbalists, organised on 'Scottish' Masonic lines, who were influenced by the Spanish Alumbrados / Sufi;

"...they were the first group to be called the Illumines, or Illuminati, though their relatively conservative views were diametrically opposite to the Bavarian Illuminati
... founded in 1765 by the Freemason Jacques de Livron Joachim de la Tour de la Casa Martinez de Pasqually, of Grenoble, France, the Order was initially only open to Master Masons, but later became more open".

"The system of the Strict Observance grew out of what is known as Templarism. Templar Masonry commenced to grow up in France soon after true Freemasonry was introduced.

This was about 1725.

However, no Grand Lodge was established till 1752. ...

The Hospitallers, known officially as Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, was founded at Jerusalem during the first Crusade. ...
Some of the Knights went to Russia and elected the Emperor Paul I Grand Master
... In England the Order was never formally suppressed, and in 1888 Queen Victoria granted it a charter. In 1889 King Edward VII, then Prince of Wales was made Grand Prior. ... The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, or, as it is otherwise called, Knights Templar, was founded in Palestine in the 12th century by the Crusaders. ...

The Rite of the Strict Observance is based on Templar Masonry.

Its founders claimed that all Templars were Masons ... The truth is that all Templar Masonry is descended from a Kadosh degree invented in Lyons, France, in 1743.

... Nevertheless, about 1740, various Rites, or degrees, of Scots Masonry, did spring into existence, followed shortly afterwards by Scots Mother-Lodges controlling systems of subordinate Scots Lodges. ...

In 1743 the Masons of Lyons invented the Kadosh degree, comprising the vengeance of the Templars, and thus laid the foundation for all the Templar Rites. It was at first called Junior Elect

... The Rite of Strict Observance was carried from France to Germany as early as 1749.

Von Bieberstein, as Provincial Grand Master, was succeeded at his death, about 1750, by
Karl Gotheif, Baron Von Hund, and Alten-Grotkau.
He was made a Mason in 1742. A year or so afterwards
he met at Paris Lord, Kilmarnock, who interested him in Templarism, and he was initiated into the Order of the Temple.
He was given a patent and directed to report to the Prov. Grand Master, Von Bieberstein, of the 7th Province in Germany. ...

We can trace
its beginnings back to Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scotland, in 1742 - 43.

Kilmarnock in Scotland was made a barony ...

In 1751 Von Hund began to give particular attention to the restoration of the Order of the Temple and evidently considered it his life work.

... In 1763 a fellow named Leucht, going under the name of Johnson, who had got hold of some Masonic papers relating to Masonry proper, as well as the high degrees, appeared at Jena where there was a Clermont Chapter practicing the Templar degrees in the Strict Observance system, and stated that he had a commission from the Sovereign Chapter in Scotland to reform the German Lodges and impart the true secrets of Masonry ...

An Order called the Clerics
turned up and it was supposed for a time that the lost secrets were with it. ...
This convention took place at Brunswick and was in session from May 23 to July 6, 1775.

... Baron Von Gugumos was at the Brunswick convention and told different members of it that they were all on the wrong track; that the Strict Observance was an imitation, or rather, only a branch of the true Order, and possessed none of the real secrets; ...

The Convention of Wiesbaden ... on Aug. 15, 1776,
with the consent the Prince of Nassau-Usingen, but without that of the Duke of Brunswick.
Among those present was the sovereign,
the Duke of Nassau;
also the Duke of Gotha,
the Landgraves Ludwig and George,
and many other nobles of lesser note. At one time there was not less than twelve reigning sovereign Princes of Germany members of the Rite of the Strict Observance ...

Baron Von Hund died on Oct. 28, 1776 ...

In 1782 the Rite of Strict Observance was reorganized by Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, who was elected Grand Master General.
The next year, however, the Lodge of the Three Globes of Berlin, with all of its subordinate lodges and the Hamburg Lodges, withdrew from the Strict Observance ...",
acc. to http://blog.templarhistory.com/ by Burton E. Bennett [born 1863 in North Brookfield, New York; 1887, United States, Attorney for Alaska].

D.

In 1785, Tadeusz Grabianka went to Avignon to the Avignon Illuminati Association and the alchemical laboratory created by Pernety.

He thought that - as the ruler of the New Israel - after taking control of the tsar's state and occupying Jerusalem - would become the Polish king.

"... He soon reorganized the sect under the new name (Kingdom of the New Israel), changing its structure, degrees, dignities, rites, ceremonies and rules, which gave him full power over it. Most of the followers were French, but there were also several Germans, Italians, Spaniards, two Englishmen and a Swede (Reuterholm, who in 1790 visited Grabianka, later king of Sweden, Karl XIII)".

In the circle of the King of New Israel, were:
1.
the daughter of Izabela Czartoryska (1746-1835) -
Maria Czartoryska Wurttemberg (1768-1854) with her husband, Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg (1756 in Trzebiatow - 1817);
2.
and Russians:

captain (then admiral) Sergei I. Pleszczew / Pleshcheev (1752-1802) with wife Natalia Fiedotowna;

Piotr I. Ozierow-Dierzawin (1778 ? -1843);

Nikolaj W. Repnin (1734-1801); Pleszczew / Pleshcheev, and Repnin were to leave the sect after about two years.

Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802).
Pleshcheev's arrival in Avignon in the autumn of 1788 marked the culmination of something of an odyssey through France and Switzerland in which

he sought out the foremost Illuminist sages of the era:
Saint-Martin in Strasbourg,

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730-1824) in Lyon,
and
Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) in Zurich,
among others.

Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg
married twice:
1.
Maria Czartoryska Wurttemberg (1768-1854)
with her husband, Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg (1756 in Trzebiatow - 1817) were the ILLUMINATI's member. MARIA was the the daughter of Izabela Czartoryska (1746-1835).

Maria Anna Czartoryski -
Duchess von Wurttemberg-Montbeliard - born in Warsaw on 15 March 1768, "daughter of Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, writer, political activist, patron of science and art and the famous Izabela Fleming. Initially, she grew up in the Czartoryski headquarters in Warsaw - the Blue Palace. In 1784 at the mother's initiative, she married Ludwik Wurtemberg-Montbeliard, a relative of the rulers German and Russian families. In 1785, they live in the palace in Trzebiatow, which they renew and keep a lively social life, although the marriage is unsuccessful. In 1793 - after the betrayal of the prince in the campaign of 1792 (as the commander of the Lithuanian army acted in favor of Prussia and Russia) - divorce. After the Wirtemberg divorce, she was most often in Warsaw, where she ran a literary salon (so-called blue Saturdays). In 1837 she settled in Paris at the house of her brother, Prince Adam Jerzy; she knew Adam Mickiewicz, and Frederic Chopin ...".

2.

Ludwik Wurtemberg-Montbeliard, married on 28 January 1797 to Henriette von Nassau-Weilburg, born on 22 April 1780 in Kirchheimbolanden.
Ludwig Friedrich Alexander von Wurttemberg born on 30 August 1756 in Trzebiatow / Treptow an der Rega. He was the son of
Friedrich II Eugen von Wurttemberg born in 1732 in Stuttgart; and Friederike Dorothea von Brandenburg-Schwedt, born in 1736, d. 1798 - the ILLUMINATI.

Above
Pleshcheev, an officer in the Russian navy and a Freemason since at least 1776, was a close confidante of Grand Duke Paul and had helped plan for, and escorted the Russian heir on, his Grand Tour of Europe in 1781-1782.
Moreover,
he journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg (1736-1798), who was herself initiated into the society.

"On November 4, 1788, Richardiere asked the Oracle whether Pleshcheev could joint heir union. The Oracle replied affirmatively. Consequently, Pleshcheev underwent an extraordinary nine-day initiation ... referred to as Mont Thabor - near Avignon. On the first day, Pleshcheev and members of the society ascended to the summit of the hill".

Pleshcheev journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg

(1736-1798;
the daughter of Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia b. 1719;

Friederike married Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732.

General Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg serving with Frederick the Great during the Seven Years' War. Frederick Eugene married Friederike Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, a niece of Frederick the Great, by whom he had twelve children:
Sophie Dorothea (1759 - 1828), second, married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia;
and
Friederike Elisabeth Amalie (1765 - 1785), married to Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.

Peter OLDENBURG and Frederica became the parents of two sons:
August (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784), ie.
Paul Friedrich August, Grand Duke of Oldenburg; and
Duke Georg Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg.

GEORG OLDENBURG married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia.
GEORG's son was
Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg (1812 in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire - 1881 in St. Petersburg)
was a Duke of the House of Oldenburg.
"[copyright by Wikipedia] He was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. His great-great grandson, Nicholas Romanov, was the President of the Romanov Family Association until his death in 2014".

KONSTANTIN's daughter -

Alexandra of Oldenburg (1838, St. Petersburg - 1900 Kiev, Ukraine), m. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831-1891).

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929) was the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900).
His father was the sixth child to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798 - 1860).

Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Konstantin's son -

Constantin of Oldenburg (1850, St. Petersburg - 1906 in Nice, France), married AGRAFINA JAPARIDSE / Agrafena Djaparidze, created Countess von Zarnekau.
See: Japaridse - Saparov - Armand - Konstantynowicz home in Moscow).


Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. It used French families located in Switzerland, Ceylon, France, Russia. Scottish and Irish families combined to Naples and Marseille, Ceylon, Odessa and Japan; Russians, English and Pilsudski entered by Japan to Ceylon; parallel from Odessa the Zionist movement came out founding a base of the state of Israel. Odessa has paired their to Berezino, Ireland - Japan - Ceylon.

And the whole system took over the movement of Germans from Estonia, and underground combat movement of Pilsudski, combining the objectives of the independence of these two states: Poland / Lithuania / Belarus + Estonia / Latvia, and as I wrote above Israel. Then they created a counterintelligence and intelligence of new Bolshevik Russia and the USSR. It already was a masterpiece, but totally wrecked by Stalin in 1937 - have to say that in this case, Stalin was a genius.

At the end part of that intelligence system of Soviet Union took over the colony by building its so-called People's Polish Republic and the Ministry of Defence, through affinitized of the Konstantynowiczs: the Jaroszewicz, Spychalski, Zarako Zarakowski families and friendly Swierczewski family. Interesting in all of this is the use of Frenchmen to the creation of this system, most moved on the Konstantynowiczs - not so completely. This is the connection: Waclaw Sieroszewski a colleague of Azbelev, who was in Nagasaki - his brother is a director of the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz; so, the Nobel family with Sydney Reilly, an Irishman and a Jew from Odessa - this is the same family of Nobel, where the brother of above-mentioned was the head of the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - this is short way to the Swedish Enigma! Waclaw Sieroszewski of course was mate to a brother of Jozef Pilsudski - Bronislaw, which of course anchored in Nagasaki, and then here sailed Reilly. One very interesting figure - erased from history: Nikolay Russel / N. K. Sudzilovskiy / Sudzilowski from the Mscislaw district.

It's amazing that the October Revolution in 1917, which swept the Russian Empire, allowing the reconstruction of Poland, broke out just on the anniversary of the death of Tadeusz Kosciuszko, exactly the 100th anniversary of his death, and around Lenin appeared figures of the Polish nobility, which adopted a sense of the Kosciuszko Polish patriotism.

"Instead, after the fall of Napoleon's empire in 1815 he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I in Braunau. In return for his prospective services, Kosciuszko demanded social reforms and territorial gains for Poland, which he wished to reach as far as the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east".

On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.
Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.

The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities. This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland.

Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.

Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

Jozef Piłsudski, Walery Sławek, Witold Jodko-Narkiewicz were 'collaborators' of military intelligence service of Austria - Hungary, with nickname "Stefan" since 1908; co-operated Aleksander Prystor, Gen. Bolesław Roja, Jozef Beck, Gen. Edward Rydz- Śmigły, and Gen. Kordian Zamorski. Pilsudski in 1904 collaborated with Japan intelligence; Captain Joseph Rybak took care on Pilsudski, placing a group of agents in paramilitary organizations in Galicia, described as "The Informer R". Jozef Pilsudski was dismissed from the Austrian army in September 1916. Brigadier General Wlodzimierz Zagorski was born in 1882 in France. He grew up with his brother in Germany. In 1900 joined the Austrian army. Eleven years later, he began to work for "K-Stelle", 1914, as a captain, he was Chief of Staff Headquarters of the Legions. Formally, was the head of Jozef Pilsudski, who gave him the reports. Cooperation was not the best. When the Japanese-Russian war broke in 1904, Pilsudski decided to use the conflict for the Polish cause, get technical and material help for Polish irredentist aspirations. Japanese will give us the money to buy weapons and facilitate its reception in Hamburg, and we will collect them messages about the movements of the Russian troops sent to the East. These relations were surrounded by the biggest mystery. Only Pilsudski, Jodko, Filipowicz and Stanislaw Wojciechowski knew of them over one and a half year (April 1904 - October 1905).

Pilsudski had its plans to create in Galicia conditions for the military training of volunteers in the event of war between the aggressors and would create Polish troops fighting against Russia and would become the reborn Polish Army personnel.

In 1908 in Lviv, Cpt. Gustav Iszkowski teamed up with the Pilsudski movement. Probably by the end of 1908 Pilsudski spoke with the chief of the Intelligence Census Bureau, Maximilian Ronge. Then probably come to an agreement to organize the grid intelligence and sabotage against Russia in exchange for allowing the activities of the independence movement. In March, 1909 representatives of the Census Bureaus conferring with Pilsudski, Jodko and Slawek in Vienna. The project is called intelligence operation Informer R, directed the same Ronge - hidden it even from his own intelligence apparatus. The management of the organization called The Informer R were Jozef Pilsudski, Valery Slawek responsible for ongoing contacts with the representative of the interview, Captain Joseph Rybak; and Witold Jodko-Narkiewicz. By the end of 1912 Pilsudski organization might only auxiliary information.

Witold Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz, b. 1864 in Słuck, d. 1924 in Warsaw, nickname A. Wroński, Jowisz, diplomat; his parents: Witold Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz, b. 1834 - d. 1898 (probably son of Onufry) and Maria Sokołow - Skwarcew b. ca 1842. His father was ophthalmologist. Witold Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz member of the Social-Revolutionary Party Proletariat since 1889, and Polish Social-Revolutionary Party Proletariat / as II Proletariat, or Small Proletariat established in February 1888 and operated for March 1893. From January to July 1885 he studied medicine at the University of Dorpat / Tartu, Estonia; he came to Warsaw, then in September 1885 he went to Lviv, expelled from Austria, 1886, he studied in Wurzburg, and then in Paris, graduated in 1889; London next; collaborator of the Centralization Social-Revolutionary Party of the Proletariat. In 1892 co-founder of the Polish Socialist Party.
Jodko-Narkiewicz counted on the war between the aggressors and on ​​an armed uprising against Russia.
Above
Witold Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz, born on 23 Dec. 1834 in Pukow in the Ihumen district,
died 1898 - Bobownia; Onufry Jodko - Narkiewicz was living in Pukow. Pukau / Pukowo / Pukow, at present: Komsomolskaja, a few km west of Sunaje and Kisiele;
north-west of Truchanowicze and Gresk, Anufrovichi and Anufri, north of Kondratowicze; south-west of Marina Gorka. In 1870, to the Минская губерния, the Игуменский уезд, in the Пуковская волость; Pukowo / Пуков is situated south-east of Tatury / now Charitonowka, and Kutschinka, east of Starica, Sloboda, Dumitshi; north-east of Kopyl. North of Sluck.
Janina Wiktoria Jodko-Narkiewicz, b. 1869
in Warsaw / Warszawa, was daughter of Witold Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz from Pukow.

The Polish well-off proprietors in the Ihumen (Cerven) district in the second half of 19th cent. was the Jodko family in landed properties Malackowszczyzna, Pukowo and Onufrowo / Anufri.
Gardening in estates of the Ihumen district: Kuchcice, Tolkaczewicze, Malackowszczyzna, Pukowo, Cieplen, Smilowicze and Rawanicze.
In Pukow is a church, in the 16th cent. to the Puk / Пук family; 17th cent. to Olelkovich / Олельковичь and Radzivill / Радзивилл family; at the beginning of the 18th century to the Neuburg / Нойбург family from German taken from Boguslaw Radziwill / Богуслав Радзивилл, because his daughter Людвика Каролина / Ludwika Karolina Radziwill married to Karl Filipp Neuburg / Karl III Philipp von der Pfalz / Carl Philipp, b. 1661 in Neuburg; that is he married on August 10, 1688 in Berlin to Princess
Ludwika Karolina Charlotte Radziwill of Birze, daughter of Bogusław Radziwill, from this marriage four children were born: Leopoldine Eleonore Josephine, Maria Anna, Elisabeth Auguste Sophie m. Joseph Karl von Pfalz-Sulzbach.
At Пуково / Pukowo in 1731 wielded the earth Franciszek Drucki-Lubecki / Франтишек Друцкий- Любецкий. In 1744 again to the Radziwill family, but at the beginning of the 19th cent. Dominik Radziwill / Доминик Радзивилл lost Pukowo, now Pukowo and Bobownia to the Narkiewicz - Jodko / Наркевич-Иодко;
in 1846 to Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz / Томаш Наркевич-Иодко, Catholic. 1857 new church; close to Пуково (now Komsomolskaja) is Кондратовичи and here in 1862 was the second church;
Ksawery / Ксаверий was son of above named Tomasz Jodko-Narkiewicz, and he bought from Wojnillowicz / Войниллович the Lopuchi estate / Лопухи, 3 km of Pukowo / Пуково; a father of Edward Wojnillowicz / Эдвард Войниллович - Adam was proprietor of above Lopuchi.
Estate of "Оттоново" to Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz / Онуфри Наркевич-Иодко;
Jakub Jodko-Narkiewicz / Якуб Наркевич-Иодко has the Nadnieman / Наднеман estate;
Onufry Jodko-Narkiewicz / Наркевич- Иодко has son Otton Jodko-Narkiewicz, in 1840 owner of 'Ottonowo' court that is a farm of Chaniczewo / Ханичево, and the Малысковщина Наднёманом / Malyskovshtschina 1848.

Jodko-Narkiewicz owner of the 'Ottonowo' court that is a farm Chaniczewo / Ханичево, and the Малысковщина Наднёманом / Malyskovshtschina in 1848. Наднёман was property of

Jakob Jodko - Narkiewicz son of Otton Jodko - Narkiewicz, biologist, meteorologist, physicist and electrician, lived 1848 - 1905;

next owner Konrad Jodko - Narkiewicz, son of Jakob, in 1921 moved to Cracow;

next of kin Kristian Narkiewicz - Lein is living now in Chicago.

Наднёман is located north of Kopyl, near by Piasocznaje, south-west-south of Uzda, and north-west of Pukowo. Ханичево / Атонава / Калінаўка or Оттоново / Ханічава is located north-west of Pukowo, south of above Наднёман, near by Piasocznaje.

Above mentioned Jodko-Narkiewicz in Pukowo ca 80 km west of Osipovichi and north of Sluck. See near by:

1. Manuel Jaroszewicz in Sluck A.D. 1666;

2. Michal Zbieranowski born Berezino in 1882 son of Jozef Zbieranowski and his wife Zofia nee Witkowski, after Bobrujsk, Sluck and Riga / Ryga 1899 - 1904;

3. Gedymin Jerzy Bulhak b. 1856, m. 1892, to Aldona Dzierzynski, he died 1908, lived in Mickiewicze. His grandfather Chryzostom Stanislaw Bulhak b. 1789, m. to Antonina Bulhak, estates: Ostrowek, Burdziewicze, Kozlowicze, Nowy Dwor close to Sluck! His mother Franciszka Lowicki and father Jerzy Onufry Bulhak, b. 1749; grandfather: Florian Stanislaw Bulhak.

Aldona Kojałłowicz Bułhak nee Dzierżyńska, 1870 - 1966, had son Antoni Bułhak b. 1898.
His wife Wanda Bułhak nee Juchniewicz from Cezary Juchniewicz and
Maria Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska, b. 1873.
She was daughter of Jozef Wincenty Piotr Piłsudski, b. 1833; and her brother was Jozef Klemens Piłsudski b. 1867.
The second son of above Aldona: Rudolf Bułhak b. 1895.
Sister of above Aldona: Jadwiga Dzierżyńska-Kuszelewska / Hedwig / Jadwiga Kuszelewski (1871 - 1949) + Konstanty Kuszelewski - Prawdzic (1857 - 1922). Her son: Jerzy Kuszelewski, 1895-1939.
Rudolf Bułhak b. 1895, his brother Antoni Bułhak born 1898;
Antoni Bulhak died after 1970, was one of the aides of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and husband of Wanda Kadenacy, niece Marshal (mistake!?).
After the invasion of the Germans in Poland in September 1939, he was taken from Warsaw to its assets in the Suwalki region:
Pilsudski wife - Alexandra / Aleksandra Szczerbinska and her daughters, her sister and their cousin Anna.
Jozef Klemens Pilsudski + Aleksandra Szczerbinska has daughter Jadwiga Jagoda Pilsudska married to Andrzej Jaraczewski
(Andrzej Jaraczewski / Andrzej Antoni Jaraczewski, nickname Andrew, b. 1916, d. 1992, a Polish Navy lieutenant, the Zaremba coat of arms. In 1944 he married Jadwiga Piłsudska, an Air Transport Auxiliary pilot and daughter of Marshal Jozef Piłsudski.
They had a son, Christopher Joseph / Krzysztof Jozef, and daughter, Jane Mary / Joanna Maria, who married Janusz Onyszkiewicz);
they had daughter Joanna Jaraczewska / Jane Mary / Joanna Maria, married to Janusz Onyszkiewicz / Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz born 1937.
Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz was born Dec. 1937 in Lwow m. 1st to NN 1933-1967, and m. 2nd Joanna Jaraczewska b. 1950.
Zofia Kadenacy nee Piłsudski, b. 1865 was sister of Jozef Klemens Piłsudski; her husband Bolesław Kadenacy (1845 - 1918), her daughter
Wanda Kadenacy + Antoni Bulhak, b. 1898 (mistake!?), the aide-de-camp of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski.
We need check this genealogy!
Anthony George Bułhak / George Bulhak (using his middle name) / Jerzy Bulhak / Antoni Jerzy Bułhak, a Polish citizen, the son of Gediminas and Aldona, the house Dzerzhinsky, was born in Zawołoczyce, on March 3, 1898;
married Wanda nee Juchniewicz, born in Vilnius, March 8, 1901, the daughter of
Caesar and Mary nee Pilsudska.
The marriage was April 11, 1923 in Vilnius.
So, we are thinking, Antoni Jerzy Bułhak / Antoni Bulhak, the aide-de-camp of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski, had wife Wanda nee Juchniewicz.

Above mentioned Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz was born Dec. 1937 in Lwow / Lviv; a Polish mathematician and politician. 2007 until 2009, he served as the Vice-President of the Foreign Affairs Committee in the European Parliament. Minister of Defence under Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka, and again from 1997 until 2000 under Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek. 1984 - 1986 member of the Warsaw University Senat; his parents:
Stanisław Onyszkiewicz and Franciszka Cencora b. ca 1910;
he was older child;
we know on Karol Mościcki + Maria with Franciszka vel Maria Mościcka + Onyszkiewicz with children: Jerzy Onyszkiewicz d. 1939 in Zamość and Maria Onyszkiewicz + Handzel.
Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz was born Dec. 1937 in Lwow m. NN 1933-1967, and m. 2nd Joanna Jaraczewska b. 1950, with Danuta, Wanda, Witosława, Andrzej, and Stanisław Onyszkiewicz.
Above named Stanisław Onyszkiewicz, born 1910 and Franciszka Cencora had one child?
But Stanisław Onyszkiewicz, 1906 - March 1989, was born to Tomasz Onyszkiewicz and Katarzyna Mucha. Stanisław had one brother Kazimierz Onyszkiewicz. Stanisław married Franciszka Cencora in 1936, at age 30. He had 2 children: daughter married to Bogobowicz.
We know on Tadeusz Stanisław Onyszkiewicz b. 28 Apr. 1906 in Lwow, d. 21 Nov. 1989 in Zamośc, doctor, son of Stanisław Onyszkiewicz and Agata Keller. 1946 in Zamośc. He had older brother Edwarda and sister Jadwiga, He had children: Tomasz (Lublin then) and Jerzy (Warsaw then) b. 1940, and Andrzej b. 1941.

4. Zofia Bulhak daughter of Hipolit Bulhak / Булгак Софья Ипполитовна b. 08.09.1886, Колесницы / Колесничи of the Копыльски р-н., south-west of Marina Gorka, south-east of Uzda, north of Sluck; d. Nov. 1937.

5. The Konstantynowicz family: Вязовница that is Wiazownica / Viazovnica, west of Swislocz (see Szostak family), north - east of Osipovichi; west of Berezyna river; south-east of Grodzianka (see Marian vel Jerzy Konstantynowicz); and Фортуны - here lived (also Чайковский Петр Николаевич, Чайковская Раиса Петровна / Raisa Czajkowska and the Томкович / Tomkowicz family) parents of Marta nee Konstantynowicz (grand-daughter of Daniel Konstantynowicz / Daniil Konstantinovich): Константинови ч Матвей Даниилов and Уршуля (Ирина) Адрианова - Urszula Irena daughter of Adrian, moved from Snustik (here also Antoni Tatur / Антон Иванович Татур in 1795), the Igumen / Ihumen county.

6. The Bulhak family: Ліпень (Халуі) / Липень (Холуи) / Lipień (Chołuje) / Lipień (Chałui) or Халуйцы / Халуйск / Холуйск / Chołujce or Lipen / Lipien, at way from Osipovichi to Svisloch, south-west of Swislocz, and north-west of Bobruisk.

7. 1867-1913 I. Bulhak (?) or Bulgak purchased (1861) from Lipovskii, villages Kamionka or Matseevich; Насыцк near by Talka, south-east of Marina Gorka, north-west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze, near by Kamienka / Kamionki. And above Камионки or Kamienka close to Talka, north-west of Osipovichi.

8. Hieronim Bulhak son of Stanislaw Bulhak / Булгак Героним Станиславович b. 1855 in Сутин or Sucin, 11 km south-west of Talka, and ca 26 km west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze; was living in Дворище to 1937.

9. Булгак Викентий Игнатьевич b. 1902 in Побоковичи - 15 km west of Bobruisk; south-east of Osipovichi (I check my mistake), close to Osovo, Stavishche, Protasievichi, near by Poplawy, Derevcy, Dubrolevo; killed 1933.

10. Bulhak family in 1870 in the Minsk government, Sluck district, the Lanska area - Kosmowicze; Kosmowicze / Kosmowiczi - close to Pukielevshcina, Bychovshcina, Tshanovici, north of Kleck, south of Niezviz / Nieswiez, near by Osmolowo, Lan, Leonowiczi.

11. Konstantynowicz, Wiesielowo / Veselovo village in the Osipovichi district, Mogilev region;

12. Konstantynowicz in 1894, Spustik village, the Igumen County; Byelorussian, individual farmer, lived in the Osipovichi district, Yasenovka / Jasieniowka;

13. Szymon Bułhak b. ca 1660 / 1680?; 1686 Nowogrodek, owner of Ostrowka close to Mir, Janowszczyzna near by Iwieniec, Nowodworek, Osipowszczyzna, Nacz, Puszcza Moszukowska, Domatkanowicze close to Kleck, Połoneczka by Dzwieja. Mikołaj Bułhak b. circa 1670 / 1695?, son of Benedykt Bułhak and Eufemia, husband of Katarzyna and Marianna, father of Florian Stanisław Bułhak ca 1695 - 1745?

14. Julian Bulhak / Yulyan Bulgak bought land in the Igumen district in 1859 - the estate Matseevich / Matsevichi / Mateevichi from the landlord Lisowski
(of Bulhak in 1867-1913); the estate Bluza (Bluza close to Poddiegtiarnia, north-west of Talka, ca 26 km north-west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze / Asipovichy, and west of Lipien of Bulgak / Bulhak family)
from hands of Sophia Prosor / Zofia Prozor - Swietorzecka / Sventorzhetski, owned in those places.

The Prozor family was near by to Malkiewicz - Horodecka Izabela.


The Martinism Order / the ILLUMINATI - de Saint-Martin - Tadeusz Grabianka and the Troubetzkoy- Konstantynowicz branch:

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists.
In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate [see inf. on Tadeusz Grabianka and the Polish King Stanislaw August Poniatowski].

This Martinists Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.

Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Genealogy 1:

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) was the son of
Nikita Yurievich Troubetzkoy, born in 1699 in Moscow;
the grandson of
Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668
[see below about Yuri Troubetzkoy born on April 20, 1668, died on September 8, 1739 + Elena G. Cherkassy / Cherkassky];
the great-grandson of
Юрий Петрович Трубецкой / Jerzy Trubecki b. in 1630 in Poland.

Genealogy 2:

Piotr Troubetzkoy (1798-1871), Prince, General of Cavalry, Smolensk and Orel governor and his father:
Ivan Trubetskoy born 1760 and was died in 1843,
his grandmother Tatiana Kozlovskaya / Kozlowska and
his grandfather Nikolai Trubetskoy died 1782.

Parents of Nikolai Trubetskoy:
Ivan Yu. Troubetzkoy b. 1703 d. 1744 and Maria Yakovlevna Glebova;
his grandparents:
Yuri Troubetzkoy born on April 20, 1668, died on September 8, 1739
[see above on Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668] and Elena G. Cherkassy / Cherkassky.

Prince Arseny Karageorgievich / Karadjordjevic b. 1859, d. 1938, was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888;
served until 1916 to the Russian military, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army, participated in the Russian-Japanese War and in the First World War;
the pretender to the Serbian throne, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion;
the friend of Drzewiecki, Duflon, Breguet in St Petersburg
(see: Potapov in Montenegro; the Azbelev / Azbelew family, and the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Petersburg; Nagasaki and Bronislaw Pilsudski, Volpi; Neuchatel in Switzerland).

Arseny was the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia.

A wife 1891/2 - 1896 of Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:
Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev;
her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov;
her grandfather Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy, born 1826,
her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804;
her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy, b. 1760, died 1817;
her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich, b. 1731, died 1812

[his father was
Nikita Yurievich Troubetzkoy b. 1699;
the grandfather - Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668;
the great-grandfather was Юрий Петрович / Jerzy Trubecki, b. 1630 in Poland, died in 1679 in Moscow].

Note to above

Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731:

Mentioned above
Prince Nikolay N. Trubetskoi (born 1744), a mason 1776, colonel, that is Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj who was also an ancestor of the Estonian - Polish branch of the Trubecki family, born 1744.
He has brothers:
1. Piotr Nikitich Trubeckoj, born 1724, Prince and senator;
2. Sergiej Nikitich Trubeckoj b. 1731
- his son
Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj b. 1760, and here are our old relatives from Georgia

[Peter Sergeevich Troubetzkoy / Trubetskoy, b. 1760 died 1817, married Darya Alexandrovna Gruzinskaya, the branch Bagration of Mukhrani from the Royal Family, died 1796];

his grandson
Prince Sergei Petrovich Trubetskoy / Trubeckoj / Trubecki born 29 August 1790, died 1860 was one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement and was a freemason of course.

Above
Nikita Petrovich Troubetzkoy born on August 18, 1804:

Sophie / Sofia Bagration-Mukhrani Iraklievna (born 1850? or 22 Jun 1851 - 8 Oct 1932) married in 28 Apr 1876 to Pr Sergei Nikitich Troubetzkoy (22 Jun 1829 - St.Petersburg 14 Jun 1899).

Father of Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich born 1829, was:
Nikita Petrovich Troubetzkoy born on August 18, 1804;

brothers and sisters of Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy:
1. Peter Petrovich Troubetzkoy b. on August 23, 1793;
2. Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy b. 1790 married to Katherine Laval;
3. Elizabeth Trubetskaya b. 1796 m. Potemkin;
4. Aleksandr Petrovich Troubetzkoy b. 1792 + his wife Louise Rostsishevskaya / Luiza Rozciszewska.

Parents of above Nikita Petrovich Troubetzkoy born on August 18, 1804:
Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy and Marfa Petrovna Kromina or Kramin - his second wife after 1796, because Princess Darejan or Daria Aleksandrovna Gruzinskaya died 1796, when she was married to Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy / Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj (1760-1817).

Peter S. Troubetzkoy, b. 1760, died 1817, was the son of
Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich, b. 1731, died 1812

[his father was
Nikita Yurievich Troubetzkoy b. 1699;
the grandfather - Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668;
the great-grandfather was
Юрий Петрович / Jerzy Trubecki, b. 1630 in Poland, died in 1679 in Moscow].

Note to Konstantynowicz - Troubetzkoy:

The CONSPIRATOR - Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria. His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house:
Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.

Maria Trubeckoi / Duchess Maria Troubetzkoy / Mary Trubecki was born 1835 / 1840 / 1850. Duchess Maria Troubeckoy married Konstantinovich
- genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl; Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.

We remember that named Maria Kalinowska in 1840 moved back from St Petersburg on Krakow / Cracow, with all family.

Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki. That is married to Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy, b. 18 November 1773, died 16 November 1801.

Grigory / Grzegorz Trubecki was the son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy / Prince Petr Nikolaevich Troubetskoy born 18 November 1773 and died 16 November 1801 and Nadezhda Ivanovna Pestov / nee Pestova born 1793.

Above Prince Пётр Николаевич Трубецкой / Petr Nikolaevich b. 1773 and d. 1801 had parents:
mother Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Czerkasskaja / Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Tcherkassky, and
her husband Николай Никитич Трубецкой / Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj b. 1744 and d. 1820 / 1821, writer,
who was son of
Prince Nikita / Ники́та Ю́рьевич Трубецко́й (1699 - 1767, for 3 years as head of the Military Board with the rank of Field Marshal General).

Above Prince Nikita [born in 1699] 7 months after the death of the first wife, married the widow of Major Matthew Kheraskov -
Anna Danilovna, daughter of Prince Daniel DRUCKI-SOKOLNICKI;

Anne Danilovna was primarily married to major Matvey Andreyevich Kheraskov. Above Даниил Андреевич Друцкий- Соколинский died 1752.

Above named Анна Даниловна Друцкая- Соколинская (Хераскова, Трубецкая) died 1780; she had son born in 1744 in Moscow - above Николай Никитич Трубецкой 3rd, 1744 - 1820/1821.
The family had 8 sons Yuri, Nikolai, Alexei, Nicholas, Nicholas II, Alexander, Alexander II, Basil, and 5 daughters: Anna, Maria, Elena, Elena II, Catherine. Of the 13 children, 6 died in infancy.

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists.
In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.
This Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc. Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Prince Nikita was the son of
Юрий Юрьевич Трубецкой (1668 - 1739), Russian statesman, privy councilor, senator
[see above on Jurij Jurjevich Troubetzkoy, b. 1668!].


Below on the Wrangell family of Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland:

Reinhold Johann von Wrangell (1721 - 1767) was living in Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland; 38 km south to Saue and Saku.

Brief explanation to
Sophia Marianna (Sophia Andreevna) Princess Trubetskaya, b. 1795, the daughter of Andreas Weiss junior [Sergei / Andreas Otto Georg von Weiss b. 1760] and Anna Marie.

Andreas was the father of
1.
Gustav Johann Alexander von Weiss [Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss m. in 1820 in Warsaw to Josephine nee Mercier];
2.
Sophia Marianna (Sophia Andreevna) Princess Trubetskaya;
3.
Andreas Franziskus von Weiss;

4. Clemens von Weiss
and 5.
Katharina Antoniette von Weiss.

Alexandrova MERCIER was married to Weiss, the brother of Princess Trubetskoi. Josephine WEISS, together with her husband, left for France, her health required a milder climate. The couple settled in Nice, where on April 5, 1824, Josefina died.

Her son Pavel Konstantinovich Aleksandrov, Adjutant-General, was married to the lady-in-waiting Princess Anna Aleksandrovna Shcherbatova.

Named Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss / Alexander Sergeevich WEISS (1782-1845) - Vilnius police chief, since 1818 the adjutant of Konstantin Pavlovich in WARSAW, captain, later colonel, major general, was a member of the Masonic lodge "Temple of Permanence";
the second time he was married to the Baroness Anna Elizabeth Wrangel.

Josephine WEISS -
Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824; she married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss.

Her stepson Constantine Reinhold von Weiss b. 1839 d. 1917;

her grandson Aleksandr von Weiss b. 1870.

The life of Josephine / Josephine Friedrichs, born Mercier was full of romance adventures for the first time when she was 14 years old!
She was born in 1778 or ca 1780 in Paris in the family of artisan Mercier. Very young Josephine entered the service in the fashionable Parisian store of Madame Boudet de Terre / Mrs. Budde de Terre. "Juju", as everyone called her, at the age of 14 she gone to England.
After spending four years in one of the London boarding houses, the next two years, Josephine lived with her patron, who then suddenly died without a will, and not marrying her. Josephine, in 1798, met in London a German [married him ca 1803] who came from Russia, who was called Colonel Baron Alexander von Friedrichs, a wealthy landowner from the Baltic region; in fact - Eustache Ivanovich Friederichs (about 1772 - after 1834), the son of Revel's bourgeois. Her husband back to Russia, leaving his wife temporarily in London. Josephine decided to go to Russia in 1805 to St. Petersburg. Here she learned that Friedrichs was a simple courier who had recently traveled to England with the dispatches of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs! She was welcomed by an old acquaintance, Mrs. Budde de Terre, who now lived in Petersburg and had a fashion store! She went to her shop in the manager's office.
Soon Alexander Friedrichs returned from the Caucasus and persuaded Josephine to return to him.
After living with him for two years in poverty [1806-1807], in a rented small apartment, she decided to divorce him.

Josephine met Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich [1807].
Josephine found a lover, friend and patron: in 1807, she divorced her husband and settled in the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, and in 1808 she had a son named Pavel Konstantinovich Alexandrov.

Mentioned Aleksandrov Pavel Konstantinovich / Aleksandrov Pavel K., Adjutant-General, son of Grand Duke Konstantin / Constantine Pavlovich and Ulyana Mikhailovna Aleksandrova / Josephine Fridriks / Ulyana Mikhailovna Alexandrova / Friedrichs Josephine, was born 1808.
Godfather was the Emperor Alexander I.

His mother Josephine Friedrichs nee Mercier b. 1778 - d. 1824; 1805, she arrived to St. Petersburg, as an actress, in search of her husband. In London she married to Colonel Alexander von Friedrichs, a personal aide-adjutant Emperor! She found her husband and divorced. Constantine Pavlovich / Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov met her 1807; in 1816, she taken name Juliana M. / Ulyana Mihajlovna Alexandrova.

In 1820, Juliana M. married Colonel Weiss.

Her son Alexandrov in 1829 was appointed aide-adjutant to His Imperial Majesty, and in 1831 took part in the war against the Polish insurgents. 1846 - a major general; 1855 was appointed adjutant- general, and 1856 lieutenant general. Alexandrov Pavel Konstantinovich / Aleksandrov Pavel K. married in 1833 to Shcherbatov, Princess Anna Alexandrovna; Pavel K. Alexandrov died 1857.

Ulyana (Josephine) Mikhailovna Aleksandrova, nee Mercier, m. Friderichs, in the second - Weiss (1788 - 1824). According to the memoirs, Josephine was charming.
In 1815, Josephine followed, along with her 8-year-old son, to Warsaw, where she lived with KONSTANTIN in the same house.
Josephine began to be called Ulyana Mikhailovna Alexandrova, in Warsaw, but at this time Konstantin Pavlovich fell in love with the young Polish countess Jeanette Grudzinskaya (1795-1831) and Countess Anna Potocka wrote on this love in her memoirs.

Shortly before his marriage (May 27, 1820) Konstantin Pavlovich took care of the future fate of Josephine.
On March 22, 1820, she married his adjutant, Colonel of the Guards Regiment, Alexander Sergeevich WEISS.

We back to Wrangell:

Anna Elizabeth Wrangel -

Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss / Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss was married 2nd [here was my mistake] to Anna Elisabeth von Wrangel / Anna Elisabeth Wrangell b. 1804, 1st time in 1820 married to Josephine le Mercier or Lemercier b. 1778 d. 1824;
his children:
Nikolay von Weis b. 1833,
Alexandrina Elizabeth von Weiss b. 1837,
Constantine Alexandrovich / Konstantin Reinhold von Weiss b. 1839,
Alexander Karl Clemens / Alexander Alexandrovich b. 1840.

Anna Elisabeth von Wrangel / Anna Elisabeth Wrangell Betsy b. 1804. Marriage with Alexander Gustav Johann von Weiss b. 1792; her children: Nikolay von Weis b. 1833, Alexandrine Elizabeth Delingshausen b. 1837, mentioned Konstantin Reinhold b. 1839, and last Alexander Carl Clemens b. 1840 d. 1921. She died 1875 in Uchten.

Her father Georg Johan von Wrangell from Uchten (1760 in Reval - 1836, his brother Karl Magnus von Wrangell);

grandfather Reinhold Johann von Wrangell (1721 - 1767) from Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland;

great-grandfather Karl Johann von Wrangell b. 1691, by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.

The modern name of the village Uchten (NE Estonia) is Uchtna. Uchten in Kirchspiel Wesenberg, Wierland. The manor, first mentioned in 1489; Uhtna is a small borough in Rakvere Parish, Laane-Viru County, Estonia. Close to Kohala.

Anjou, Peter, 1796 - 1869, received the name Pyotr Fyodorov Anjou. In 1844 Anjou assigned the rank of Rear Admiral, he was appointed captain of the port of Kronstadt.
Pyotr Anjou / Pyotr Fyodorovich Anjou, was an Arctic explorer and an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. Pyotr Anjou / Piotr Fyodorovich Anjou b. 1796 or 1797 in Vyshny Volochyok, near Tver.

Peter Anjou married a young widow Xenia Ivanovna 1807-1870, whom he met in the family of Peter Ricord, countryman of Toropets.

His son Peter Anjou, younger, sailed on the frigate Pallada,

his grandson was the captain of the first rank and the commander of the squadron, who brought the France to sign a treaty between France and Russia in 1909 [the ILLUMINATI plot].

But the first of Anjou in the 1750s was a watchmaker. The Anjou family built in Moscow a house, between 1740 and 1750.

Admiral Peter Fedorovich Anjou, was the great friend of Wrangell. Admiral Pyotr Fyodorovich Anjou / Piotr Fyodorovich Anjou / Peter Fedorovich Anjou born 1796 / 1797 - the great friend of Wrangell - an Arctic explorer, born in Vyshny Volochyok.

Vyshny Volochyok, located close to Borkovo, ca 80 km north of Torzok; 85 km north- east of Kuvshinovo; 140 km north-west of Tver.

Baron Ferdinand Friedrich Georg Ludwig von Wrangel / Ferdinand Petrovich Vrangel also was born 1796 / 1797 in Pskov, died in Dorpat in Estonia; was a Baltic German explorer of Alaska.

Petr Fedorovich Anzhu, on 23 May 1820 with Wrangell, via Moscow, Irkutsk, the Lena, Ust-Yansk, traveled to New Siberian Islands. Anjou was involved in exploration in 1825 - 1826, with Friedrich Rembert von Berg, to Aral Sea.

The Anjou family in Russia: In XVIII century many foreigners were arriving from the West to Russia. The Anjou family came from the southern France, Aix-en-Provence, 35 km north of Marseille; and 26 km north [it was error - 16 km] of Aix is located Le Puy- Saint-Reparade.
80 km south-east to the ILLUMINATI estate!

WRANGEL Georgy. He was born in 1876. Baron

(his great-grandfather, Abram Petrovich Hannibal and

his father, Michael G. Wrangel, mother Charlotte P. nee Korf).
Brother Michael Vrangel / Mikhail Wrangel.

Georgy graduated from the Imperial Alexander Lyceum. From 1901 - District Commander of the 2nd section of the Peterhof County, 1907 - District Commander of the 4th section; married to Marianne Lvovna Wrangell nee Golicyn / Galitzine. After the revolution, remained with his family to live on the farm, on February 21, 1918 shot at the front of his mother, wife and four young children. A day later, the body was buried in the village near Raskulitsy Church.

Michael G. Wrangel, married Charlotte P. nee Korf - ie.
Charlotte Pauline Anna Natalie von Wranfell / Wrangell, 1848 - 1919.

Daughter of Paul Lorenz von Korff and Anna Charlotte Sophia

{Paul Lorenz von Korff, Baron von Korff, b. 1803 / 1804, in SALA, Ingermanland, died in 1867 - Warschau / Warsaw;
was the son of Johann Nikolai Rudolf von Korff of Sala, b. 1765;
the grandson of Joseph Nicolaus Kasimir Korff b. 1741;
the great-grandson of Johann von Korff of Warazalli, b. 1712
[+ Antonia Maria (Antoinette) von Unruh, b. 1721, the daughter of Sebastian von Unruh - see below ! - ie. Georg Sebastian von Unruh = JERZY Unruh, ca 1666 - 1723];

the great-great-grandson of Philipp Nicolaus von Korff of Warazalli b. 1676, d. 1732}.

Charlotte Pauline Anna Natalie von Wranfell b. 1848, was the wife of Michael von Wrangell, b. 1836,
the son of
Hans Georg Herman (Egor Ermolajevich) baron von WRANGELL, b. 1803 in Riga;
the grandson of
Carl Hermann baron von Wrangell, b. 1773 in Uchten, d. in 1821, Riga;
the great - grandson of
Hans Hansson von Wrangell b. 1727, d. 1774, buried in Reval;
the great-great-grandson of
Hans Wrangel, of Ludenhof, b. 1690, d. 1754 in Reval;
the great-great-great-grandson of
Georg Gustav Wrangel of Ludenhof, b. 1662 in Reval. Son of Hermann Wrangel of Ludenhof.

Note to named Sebastian von UNRUH:
ie. Georg Sebastian von Unruh = JERZY Unruh, ca 1666 - 1723.

August Poniatowski, sold Kobylka to the governor of Kalisz, August Sulkowski.

Duke Sulkowski sold in 1772 named Kobylka to Count Aleksander Unruh / Unrug, 1704 - 1773, the son of Jerzy Von Unruh = Georg Sebastian von Unruh and Anna Helena.

Aleksander UNRUH b. 1704, was the husband of Helena Beata Oppeln Bronikowska Unruh, and Joanna Krystyna Charlotta, the daughter of Zygmunt Fryderyk Troschke de Rosenwerth.

Aleksander Unruh was the father to Fryderyk Sebastian Unrug. Fryderyk Sebastian Unrug 1734 - 1802.

And now on above Fryderyk Sebastian UNRUH:

Tadeusz UNRUH was the son of Henryk Kajetan Unrug

(von Unruh / Unrug - importance in Poland, Kargowa; Heinrich Kajetan Moritz Henryk von Unruh = UNRUG (1791-1849 !) that is Henryk Kajetan = Kajetan Unruh died 1884 [? - mistake; this is date of deat of his wife !] -

Henryk was the son of
Fryderyk Sebastian Unrug 1734 - 1802 {Unruh sold Miedzychod in 1785 to Adam MIELECKI};

grandson of Aleksander Unrug / von Unruh, 1704 - 1773

{Aleksander had a brother Krzysztof who bought Trzciel and Wytomysl. Aleksander Unruh bought Kobylka in 1772 from hands of Duke August Sulkowski, who had this estate after August Poniatowski.
Kobylka is situated close to Wolomin. Here was a mint - compare the Illuminati - more below !};

the great-grandson of Georg Sebastian von Unruh = JERZY Unruh, ca 1666 - 1723

{Sebastian Unruh / JERZY Sebastian Unruh bought Kargowa; Jerzy born ca 1666, had a brother
Christian von Unruh = Christoph von Unruh, of Pieske, born ca 1666, d. 1723, the owner of Pieski / Pieske near Miedzychod, and Nowy Gorzyck = Nowe Gorzycko. Christoph was the father of Sophie Catharina von Unruh, and Urszula Marianna Brudzewska};

the great-great-grandson of Aleksander von Unruh, of Bauchwitz born in 1628

{Aleksander had a brother Krzysztof founder of KARGOWA, b. 1624, d. 1689, the official in WALCZ and in GNIEZNO; Krzysztof had a son Jerzy 1652-1710, the official in POZNAN and WALCZ})

and his wife Anna Kurnatowski (died 1884).

Note to above royal mint:

King Stanislaw August Poniatowski and August Moszynski became interested in the outstanding magician and alchemist. In 1764 de Toux, shortly before Poniatowski's electorate, at Poniatowski's expense, left to Paris to continue his education in alchemy and kabbalah.

The patrons of Lukasz de Toux de Salverte were the king and Moszynski, Fryderyk Bruhl and Eliasz d'Aloy, who also gave him some funds.

King's alchemical love was shared by Moszynski. It should be emphasized that thanks to his natural passions, Stanislaw August Poniatowski was elected a member of the Royal Society. So the company was gathered together. Moszynski, at the behest of the king, introduced him in 1768 a large memorial, 10-pages on Hermetic Art and arranged an alchemical workshop in the Ujazdowski Palace, together with friends Toux de Salverte and Freemason Sololhub / Sollohub in 1769 and 1770

[ie. Count Jan Michal Dowojna-Solohub - the brother of JERZY SOLLOHUB - 1747-1812. Jerzy Dowojna-Sollohub, Councilor of the Permanent Council; was living 1751-1777].

There they did various experiments, and Moszynski, as the director of the Warsaw mint, ordered to mint the ducats in alchemical gold.

Count Moszynski, thoroughly acquainted with chemical processes, managed the physics cabinet funded by the king in the Warsaw castle and was an active member of the Physical Society founded in 1777.

From the beginning he referred to Cagliostra with distrust and even hostility. The performance of the Italian magician and the ILLUMINATI promised to be extremely interesting.

He undertook experiments on an elderly Toux de Salverte, which Stanislaw August became extremely interested in and he prepared a philosophical stone for transmutation of metals into gold.

Count Alessandro di Cagliostro (1743 - 1795) was the alias of the occultist Giuseppe Balsamo.

A fascinating account of Cagliostro's exploits in Mittau is provided by Charlotta Elisabeth von Recke (1754-1833), the daughter of Friedrich von Medem, a prominent Courland aristocrat and Freemason.

Von Recke was among one of three women (along with her aunt and cousin) who were admitted into Cagliostro's mixed lodge on 29 March 1779.

According to von Recke, Cagliostro had persuaded the city's Masonic grandees, including her father and Count von der Howen ...

Cagliostro's entrance into Petersburg society had been brokered through Masonic connections, as Count von Howen wrote a letter of introduction to Baron von Heyking, a fellow Courland Mason
... the German Rosicrucian Mason Baron G. Schroder, recorded in his diary that 'Elagin wanted to learn from Cagliostro how to make gold'.

Apparently, the latter wanted the necessary ingredients to be sent from Poland ...
The narrator also states that Cagliostro had previously carried out alchemical experiments in Poland, in the company of Prince Adam Poninski (1732-1798).

Mentioned above
Sophia Marianna von Weiss b. 1795, died in 1848; the daughter of Sergei Andreas WEISS 1770-1814 [Andreas junior / Sergei / Andreas Otto Georg von Weiss b. 1760]. Sophia married Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776.

Princesse Maria Alexandrovna Troubetzkoy b. ? [ca 1860] and married Vladimir Feodorovitch von der Launitz / Launitz von der V. F. / Vladimir Fedorovich b. 1855, d. 1906

(the family from Grobin - Eduard Schmidt von der Launitz b. 1796 - and Riga - Robert Eberhard Launitz b. 1806),

Major-General in 1905, graduated from Page Corps school in St. Petersburg in 1873, the Russo-Turkish war of 1877 - 1878, vice-governor of Arkhangelsk, Tambov governor, December 1905 the chief of St. Petersburg administration, address - state apartment at 6 Admiralteysky Avenue;
his son Feodor Vladimirovitch von der Launitz b. 1899.

Father of above Maria:
Alexander Troubetzkoy born 14 July 1813, d. 17 April 1889, General Major,

grandfather Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776 by wife Sophia Marianna von Weiss, b. 1795.

Alexander Troubetzkoy, born 14 July 1813, General Major,
his parents:
Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776, died in 1841, and mentioned Sophia Marianna von Weiss b. 1795;

above Alexander married 24 November 1852 to Marie Eugenie Gilbert de Voisins / Voisin b. 1835, and his children:
Margarita Troubetzkoy b. 1857 and
Alexei b. 1866.
And above Princesse Maria Alexandrovna Troubetzkoy b. ? [ca 1860], married Vladimir Feodorovitch von der Launitz / Launitz von der V. F. / Vladimir Fedorovich b. 1855.

Above Vassily's mother - Elena Nesvizky / Helena Nieswiz b. 1746 died 1831 and his father Serguei / Siergiej Troubetzkoy died 1782,

grandfather Alexey TRUBECKI born 1700 and grandmother Anna Naryshkine b. 1704;

great-grandfather Youri Troubetzkoy by wife Elena Tcherkasskaia / Tcherkassky
(children: Nikita b. 1699, above Alexey b. 1700, Ivan born 1703, and by second wife Olga Golovine - Dimitri born 1724).

Above named Margarita Troubetzkoy born 14 October 1857 - but not Maria - married to Marie Christian LABROUSSE de BEAUREGARD, d. 1911,
and his parents: Bertrand Christian Labrousse de Beauregard and Cecile de Mones d'Elbouix.

Above mentioned Nikita Yurevich Trubetskoy born May 26, 1699 in Moscow, and died on October 16, 1767, his cousin Prince Dmitry Yu. Troubetzkoy (1724 - 1792).

Piotr Troubetzkoy (1798-1871), Prince, General of Cavalry, Smolensk and Orel governor and his father:
Ivan Trubetskoy born 1760 and was died in 1843,

his grandmother Tatiana Kozlovskaya / Kozlowska and his grandfather Nikolai Trubetskoy died 1782.

Parents of Nikolai Trubetskoy:
mentioned Ivan Yu. Troubetzkoy b. 1703 d. 1744 and Maria Yakovlevna Glebova;
his grandparents:
Yuri Troubetzkoy born on April 20, 1668 died on September 8, 1739 and mentioned Elena G. Cherkassy / Cherkassky.

Georgiy TRUBECKI born 1866 died 1926 - general lieutenant,

the grandson of Jurij Ivanovich Trubetskoy died 1850,
great-grandson of Ivan Dmitrievich Trubetskoy 1756 - 1827,
named IVAN was grandson of above named
Jurij Jurievich Trubetskoy 1668 - 1739.


Malta, Naples / Napoli and Cagliostro - Jozef Sulkowski; Adam Poninski and Cagliostro:

The Order of St. John / the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem "first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria. It evolved from a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s and moved to Britain in the early 1830s, where, after operating under a succession of grand priors and different names, it became associated with the founding in 1882 of the St John Ophthalmic Hospital near the old city of Jerusalem and the St John Ambulance Brigade in 1887".

The Knights Templar / The United Religious, Military and Masonic Orders of the Temple and of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes and Malta, is a fraternal order affiliated with Freemasonry.
"Unlike the initial degrees conferred in a regular Masonic Lodge, which only require a belief in a Supreme Being regardless of religious affiliation, the Knights Templar is one of several additional Masonic Orders in which membership is open only to Freemasons who profess a belief in Christianity".
"It is known by varying degrees of formality as the Order of Malta, or the Order of Knights of Malta, or the Ancient and Masonic Order of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta. In practice this last and fullest version of the name tends to be reserved to letterheads, rituals, and formal documents".

In 1774, in Poland was established the Grand Priory of the Order of Malta, headed by Prince Adam Poniński.

In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte setting off on the Egyptian campaign took Malta and the Order was exiled.

Above
Adam Poniński b. 1732, was the Speaker of Parliament from 1773 to 1775, and the Prior of the Priory of the Polish Order of the Knights of Malta. In Poland were two 'komandorie' (Commanderies).

The Order of the Knights of Saint John, also known as Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, and the Hospitallers, were among the most famous of the Roman Catholic military orders during the Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic order was further damaged by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. By the early 19th century, the order had been severely weakened by the loss of its priories throughout Europe. Only 10% of the order's income came from traditional sources in Europe, with the remaining 90% being generated by the Russian Grand Priory until 1810. This was partly reflected in the government of the Order being under Lieutenants, rather than Grand Masters, in the period 1805 to 1879, when Pope Leo XIII restored a Grand Master to the order. Copyright by Wikipedia.

The Russian Emperor, Paul I, gave the largest number of knights shelter in St. Petersburg, an action which gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitallers and the Order's recognition among the Russian Imperial Orders.

The refugee knights in St Petersburg proceeded to elect Tsar Paul as their Grand Master - a rival to Grand Master von Hompesch until the latter's abdication left Paul as the sole Grand Master.
In 1834, the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since.

Michał Radziwiłł Red (1870 - 1955 in Santa Cruz de Tenerife) was a nobleman and diplomat in the embassy of the Russian Empire in Paris. He was also a Knight of Malta. He was born to Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Pelagia Sapieha; his great grandfather was Prince Anton Radziwill and his great grandmother was Princess Louise of Prussia (1770 - 1836).

Above Ferdynand Fryderyk Radziwiłł (1834 in Berlin - 1926 in Rome), was also a Knight of Malta since 1889; father of Janusz Franciszek, Michał Radziwiłł Red, Karol Ferdynand; son of Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł and Leontyna Gabriela von Clary und Aldringen. 1874-1919 member of Reichstag.

Above Janusz Franciszek Ksawery Jozef Bronisław Maria Radziwiłł 1880 in Berlin - d. 1967, 1935 - 1939 senator; was also a Knight of Malta since 1926 as President.
Stefan Przezdziecki, Rajnold Przezdziecki; Alfred Chłapowski, too.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich, having a rather large estate in Igumen County [IHUMEN], made ​​a career of the noble service in native county, had friendly relations with the most influential families of the county: Wankowicz, Konstantynowicz, Osztarp, Moniuszko, Jelski, Pruszynski, Slotwinski, Janiszewski;
he hold positions of cornet in the Igumen county (1802-1804), chairman of the Igumen county court (1804-1805), Marshal of the Igumen county (1805-1808).
He got quite rare in those days, the Maltese Order of St John of Jerusalem. He became a member of the local Masonic lodges, which was very popular and common in those days - "Vladislav Jagiello" and The Peace Room / 'The shrine room'.

Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Francis Servatius Hutten-Czapski b. 1851, d. 1937, in 1890 negotiated with Pope Leo XIII end of the Kulturkampf in Germany; he was friend with the Cardinals of the Vatican; persuaded the German general staff to support the Bolsheviks (1916 - 1917) and in the independent Poland (since 1918 - 11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland) was the president of the Polish Association of the Knights of Malta.
His father
Jozef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 / Joseph Napoleon Hutten-Czapski: November Uprising 1831,
on December 14, 1831 on the English ship sailed to (January 1832) Ireland, to Dublin; the Masonic lodges friends obtained for him a French passport in the name of Joseph Chapman at the beginning of 1833;
1833 - 1837 Czapski traveled from Paris to Switzerland, where he and others young revolutionaries founded 'Young Europe' on April 15, 1834, including the Young Italy, Young Germany and Young Poland. Also he traveled to Italy, Algeria, Spain and London; acc. to H. Koziel, in 1841 he went on a false passport as an Irishman O'Brien to Germany to Munich, Augsburg and Frankfurt.
The republican conspirator, a close collaborator of Giuseppe Mazzini.

Bogdan Hutten - Czapski had met on a secret intelligence mission with the family of Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Hutten-Czapska in 1892 in Belarus.
Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Czapska / Countess Hutten-Czapska, b. 1894 in Prague, died in 1981, Maisons-Laffitte,
was the granddaughter of
Emeryk Czapski / Emeric Hutten-Czapski of the family who had a huge estates from Radziwill, around Minsk, in Curland, Lithuania and Volhynia.

Ferdinand Radziwill of the Polish Knights of Malta, has come after Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, an old friend of the Prussian court and military.


My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century.

Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878.

Compare three dates:
1.
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.

2.
1870, Brown of London - takes over the Breguet company [below];

3.
and the letter of 1871 from Albert Pike to Mazzini.


1767 or 1768 - J. A. von Stark / STARCK has established a new sect, which grew out of Clirici Ordinis Templariorum / Clerics of the Knights Templar.

Von Starck was in 1761 initiated into a French freemasonry lodge at Gottingen / Getynga [south to HANOVER] but left for St. Petersburg in 1761, while teaching in St. Petersburg [1761-1765 and in 1768], Starck had met a Greek by the name of Count Peter Melesino / Melissino, 1726- 97, a lieutenant-general in the Russian Imperial Army, and whose order of freemasonry claimed the clerics of the Templar Knights.

Then Starck traveled to Paris in 1765 and obtained a position at the royal library; back to Germany, in Wismar (1766-8).

Starck promoted the clerical brand of Templarism
[see: in France in 1749; in 1750 in French Brittany; see
Count Belford who had flown from Scotland to Russia;
in Ireland 1750/1760 or since ca 1758-1760; on 24th June 1758 in Tipperary at Lodge No 296 (see below) with Sir Chas. A. CAMERON;
Berlin in 1760;
in Ireland in 1765 - Sir Edward Gilmore]
and in 1768 joined it to movement of Karl Gotthelf von Hund (1722-76), a union formalized in 1772.

Starck helped found a Strict Observance lodge at Wismar (1767),
returned to St. Petersburg in 1768, presumably on freemasonry business, back in Konigsberg in 1769 where he lived next door to Immanuel Kant.

1769 - in Boston, New England, was established the Provincial Grand Lodge, under the auspices of Scotland.

BELFORD:
Inf. by STARCK in 1809-1815:

"... in St Petersburg in 1763, Starck made the acquqintance of the Last Grand Master of the Templar Order, named a SOLE aureo in the Magister Ordinis' list.
This was Count Belford who had flown to Russia after the Scottish rebellion, a man aged about sixty, then affected with gout, who lived at the house of Grand Chancellor VORONCOV and was supported by him".

Compare -
General Belford died in Ireland aged 71, in Woolwich Warren in 1780. He was fighting in 1741 in Carthagena. Then under Duke Cumberland. He had 2 sons.

The Freemasons in Russia in the 18th century - remember on
Roman Larionovich Vorontsov [inf. in 1762], and Count G. G. ORLOV / Count Orloff.

Above G. G. Orlov:
Grigori Ivanovich Orlov (b. 1685) m. Ljukeria Ivanovna Zinoviev (b. 1710) and had issue:
1. Ivan, in 1762 as Count Orlov (b. 1728); m. Jelisaveta Feodorovna Rtistschev;
2. Grigori, younger, in 1762 - Count Orlov, 1763 Furst von Orlov in Holy Roman Empire (b. 1734); m. 1776, Jekaterina Nikolaevna Zinoviev. Named above
GRIGORI ORLOV, younger, had a son by Empress Catherine II of Russia, ie. Ct Alexis Bobrinsky, d. in Bogoroditsk in 1813;
m. in 1796 to Anna Dorothea von Ungern-Sternberg.

"Alexei Grigorievitch Bobrinskoy, born in 1762 in Saint Petersburg; Count. Natural son of Catherine the Great and Grigori Orlov, secretly born in the Winter Palace at St. Petersburg and secretly raised at an estate in Bobriki until ... 1781 when Catherine wrote him a letter acknowledging her maternity. He was made a Count of the Russian Empire by his half-brother Emperor Paul III ... promoted to General-Major. He married Baroness Anna Dorothea von Ungern- Sternberg. Died at his estate at Bogoroditsk near Tula".

Roman Larionovich Vorontsov was born in 1717 [1707 ?], d. 1783.
He was married to Marfa Ivanovna Surmina.

Count Semyon Romanovich Vorontsov [born in 1744 in Moscow, died in 1832 in LONDON !] was a Russian diplomat - Vorontsov's parents were Roman Larionovich Vorontsov (1717 - 1783) and Marfa Ivanovna Surmina (1718 - 1745);
married Catherine Siniavin, with the daughter
Catherine Countess Vorontsov, b. 1783/1784, d. 1856

[Countess Ekaterina Semyonovna Vorontsov / Woronzow, the daughter of Semyon Vorontsov, the Russian ambassador in the Great Britain from 1785 [until 1806; he died in 1832 in London];
Ekaterina was the sister of Prince Mikhail Vorontsov, Viceroy of New Russia and Caucasus (1782-1856 in ODESSA).
She was a niece of Princess Dashkova, a friend of Catherine the Great and a conspirator in the coup d'etat against Emperor Paul III / Peter III and put his wife on the throne].
By Wikipedia on Catherine Vorontsov:
"... In 1808, she married George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke as his second wife and became Countess of Pembroke, Lady Pembroke, the chatelaine of Wilton House, Wiltshire. The Wilton Estate, Salisbury ...".

Named
George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke
- General George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke and 8th Earl of Montgomery b. 1759, d. 1827.
He was a lieutenant-general in 1802 and appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1805.
After serving as
a plenipotentiary on a special mission to Austria in 1807,
he was also appointed Governor of Guernsey and finally promoted to a general in 1812.

Above
Prince Michael Woronzow, 4th Count Woronzow,
as Mikhail Semenovich Vorontsov, born in 1782, St. Petersburg, fought in Napoleon's retreat from Moscow 1812 to 1813, recovered Napoleon's despatch case as a trophy (now in Wilton House); Russia was an ally of Britain against France at this time, and he was appointed commander of the Russian forces in Wellington's allied army 1815;
his nephew Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea was British Secretary of State for War 1845-1846 and again 1852-55, during the Crimean War 1853-56, when Britain was allied with France against Russia. The Crimean War showed the weakness of corrupt Russia defeated by France, England and Sardines. It was clearly the result of the counter-offensive of France and England in Europe.

Note:
My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century by Russia [and in 1937 by Soviet Union]. Let the example be an ominous figure of Jakob Johann von Sievers who has been active in the Russian intelligence since 1748.
Jakov Sivers / Jakob Johann von Sievers, 1731 - 1808,
the son of Joachim Johann von Sievers (b. 1699), JUNIOR;
the grandson of above Joachim Johann von Sievers b. ca 1674 d. 1753, SENIOR.

Jakov Sivers / Jakob Johann von Sievers, 1731 - 1808, the FREEMASON;
Caunt in 1798,
the Extraordinary Ambassador to Poland.
He was buried at the cementery in Wolmar in Livonia / Valmiera / Wolmar, is a town in northern Latvia, about 100 km north-east of Riga and 50 km from the border with Estonia.
From 1749 to 1755 as a diplomat in London and Kopenhagen (links with the embassy of Prussia) in 1748

[in 1740 King Frederick II (Frederick the Great) came to the throne. In 1744 Frederick invaded Silesia again. He failed, but French pressure on Austria's ally Great Britain led to a series of treaties and compromises, culminating in the 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle that restored peace and left Prussia in possession of most of Silesia].

Compare:

Karolina Rozalia Tekla Sobanska nee Rzewuska (1793/1795 - 1885) - Countess, an agent of the Russian tsarist police, wife of Jerome Sobański. Carolina Rzewuska was born as a daughter of Adam Lawrence Rzewuski and her siblings were Ewelina Hanska, and Adam RZEWUSKI, Russian general. After completing education in Vienna, she married Jerome Sobański, landowner close to Odessa; 1818 he met Karolina by General Ivan Osipovich de Witte / Jan de Witte. She participated in the social life of the city, and 1823 met Alexander Pushkin. Pushkin fall in love with Sobańska. The next exile, who found himself, surrounded by Witt and Sobański, was Adam Mickiewicz. Sobańska was known as a traitor;
August to October 1825, Mickiewicz and Sobanski participated in the expedition to Crimea, but
Woroncew / Vorontsev arranged Mickiewicz's transfer to Moscow [above mentioned Ekaterina was the sister of Prince Mikhail Vorontsov, Viceroy of New Russia and Caucasus (b. 1782 - d. 1856 in ODESSA)].
In 1829 Adam Mickiewicz probably thanks to her left Russia and went to Germany on board an English ship.


Inf. in 1864:

"But history shows that this Templar Masonry was invented in France about the year 1740, by the adherents of the Stuarts - after the publication of DUPUY's work - and was introduced by Ramsay and others, as highers degrees, into Freemasonry".

KAZIMIERZ Poniatowski was a great-grandson of the poet, Jan Andrzej Morsztyn and through his great- grandmother, Catherine Gordon, lady-in-waiting to Queen Marie Louise Gonzaga, he was related to the House of Stuart [see TEMPLARS in France and Scotland]. In 1751, he married Apollonia Ustrzycka (1736 - 1814), by whom he had Princess Konstancja Poniatowska who in 1775 married Ludwik Tyszkiewicz (1748 - 1808), next they were owners of BEREZYNA and LUBOSZANY / Lubuszany - 13 km to Miezonka.

These Scottish degrees, or so-called Templar system, made rapid progress, and as it had headquarters in the Jesuit College of CLERMONT at PARIS, was termed the System of Clermont.
The specific "Knights Templar" fraternal order connected to Freemasonry originated from Thomas Dunckerley toward the end of the 18th century ...
In 1751 Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund und Altengrotkau began the Order of Strict Observance, which ritual he claimed to have received from the reconstituted Templar Order in 1743 in Paris. he was initiated, by Scottish knights, into the Order of the Knights Templar, and ... to have met two of the "unknown superiors" who directed all of masonry, one of whom was Prince Charles Edward Stuart. ... In 1779 the High Knights Templar of Ireland Lodge, Kilwinning, obtained a charter from Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Scotland..." - all above by Wikipedia and others webnet sources.

The System of Clermont was introduced in Germany in 1751, by the Baron HUNDT, as the Strict Observance rite.

System of Clermont contemplated the restoration of the Stuarts to the throne.
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (1720 - 1788), was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (as Charles III).

In 1742, Lord Kilmarnock and other exiled Stuart participants received Karl Gotthelf, Baron Von Hund into the Order of the Temple in Paris showing the Jacobite Templar link still existed; and in 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart given a gala meeting for the Chivalry of the Order in Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.

Jacobitism was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland.

The next step was in 1779 when the High Knights Templar of Ireland Lodge, Kilwinning, obtained a charter from Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Scotland.
"This lodge now began to grant dispensations to other lodges to confer the Knights Templar Degree. Some time around 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836". "The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780".

In 1791, Dunckerley became the Grand Master of the first national Grand Conclave of English Masonic Knights Templar; then followed, in 1805 by their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, who became Grand Master himself. Kilwinning Abbey was a home to the Knights Templar and birthplace of the Freemasons.

The Pretender was Grand Master of the Order, under the title of 'EQUES A SOLE AUREO', from 1743, until his death in 1788.
"... in St Petersburg in 1763, Starck made the acquqintance of the Last Grand Master of the Templar Order, named a SOLE aureo in the Magister Ordinis' list. This was Count Belford who had flown to Russia after the Scottish rebellion, a man aged about sixty, then affected with gout [arthritis], who lived at the house of Grand Chancellor VORONCOV and was supported by him".

HUNDT was succeeded as HEERMEISTER of the Strict Observance by the ABBE BERNEZ, and he by the Duke Ferdinand of BRUNSWICK.
From 1763 in JENA, by JOHNSON.

1767 or 1768 - J. A. von Stark / STARCK has established a new sect, which grew out of Clirici Ordinis Templariorum / Clerics of the Knights Templar.
Von Starck was in 1761 initiated into a French freemasonry lodge at Gottingen / Getynga [south to HANOVER] but left for St. Petersburg in 1761,
while teaching in St. Petersburg [1761-1765 and in 1768], Starck had met a Greek by the name of Count Peter Melesino / Melissino, 1726- 97, a lieutenant-general in the Russian Imperial Army, and whose order of freemasonry claimed the clerics of the Templar Knights.

Pyotr Ivanovich Melissino
or Pierre De Mellisino, died ca 1797, known many languages including Russian, German, Italian, French, Turkish as well as his native Greek, he also knew some Latin and English. "... Melissinos arrived in Russia during the reign of Peter the Great and ended his career as Vice-President of the Commerce Collegium in 1740-1745. During the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774, Pyotr Melissino was in charge of the Russian artillery", by Wikipedia. He was a prominent figure in Saint Petersburg society.

Then Starck traveled to Paris in 1765 and obtained a position at the royal library; back to Germany, in Wismar (1766-8).


An important note:

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini [Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"], dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr

[died 1959, was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author; educated in Scotland; he also refers to the theories of l'abbe Augustin Barruel and John Robison {John Robison b. 1739, d. 1805, was a Scottish physicist; the first general secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh; worked with James Watt on an early steam car; he authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati"} who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt, associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order],

former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy. The British Library has confirmed ... that such a document has never been in their possession, but Cardinal Rodriguez have said that it was in 1925".
Carr learned about this letter from Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago,
[died 1958, was a Chilean Cardinal; "...Caro was strongly opposed to the influence of Freemasonry in modern society and wrote several anti-Masonic pamphlets"];
"... no conclusive proof exists to show that this letter was ever written. Nevertheless, the letter is widely quoted and the topic of much discussion".

The extracts of the letter:

"The First World War must be brought about in order to permit the Illuminati to overthrow the power of the [Emperors] Czars in Russia and of making that country a fortress of atheistic Communism. The divergences caused by the "agentur" (agents) of the Illuminati between the British and Germanic Empires will be used to foment this war.

At the end of the war, Communism will be built and used in order to destroy the other governments and in order to weaken the religions. ... During the Second World War, International Communism must become strong enough in order to balance Christendom, which would be then restrained and held in check until the time when we would need it for the final social cataclysm.
... The Third World War must be fomented by ... the leaders of Islamic World...".

"... Michael Haupt said, that William Guy Carr said, that Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago, Chile said, that ... Dr. Bataille aka Leo Taxil said about Albert Pike and Giuseppe Mazzini in 'Le diable au XIXe siecle', v. II, 1892- 1894, p. 605...".

At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Guy_Carr we read:

"...In 'Pawns in the Game', Carr claims that World War I was fought in order to enable the Illuminati to overthrow the powers of the Tsars in Russia ... Michael Haupt had taken the three world war theory from the introduction of Carr's Pawns in the Game (1958). This introduction outlines a plan that Carr attributes to Pike, but not to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. Only the last section of the three world war plan in Haupt's text is a quote attributed to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. This quote is virtually identical to the one in Rodrique's book and it can be traced to the book Le diable au XIXe siecle (1894) by Gabriel Jagond-Pager a.k.a. Leo Taxil, where it is claimed to be from a letter of Pike to Mazzini written in 1871. This quote was later considered to describe the Bolshevik revolution, but whether a hoax or not, it predates 1917. The book of Jagond-Pager is enlisted in the British Museum, which is what Rodriguez meant by his statement, and it contains the full letter, be it hoax or not. The plan attributed to Pike is also described in part in Le Palladisme by Margiotta and it seems to describe the same plan as in Jagond-Pager's book, so it is possible that in this case the famous hoaxer Leo Taxil actually refers to some existing letter, but Dominico Margiotta may be another pseudonym of Jacond-Pager. There is nothing of the three world war plan in this letter, and nothing especially prophetic-it simply describes a Freemasonry plan to overthrow all religions".
At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawns_in_the_Game_(book):

"...a Book written by the Canadian William Guy Carr published in 1955. The author was killed {?} in mysterious conditions" {created this page on 1 November 2015}.

Abnormally strange theories appeared already in the 19th century, then in 1916 in Great Britain, and since then, these considerations are in order to hide the real motor for the global intelligence network. These shocking theories are designed to excite readers of its mystery and with the events described not to the end.

"Albert Pike ... moved to Arkansas [1833] where he became a prominent member of the secessionist movement. He was chosen by Mazzini to head the Illuminati operations in America and moved to Charleston, South Carolina, in 1852 [to New Orleans in 1855]. During the war he was made a brigadier general ... Mazzini was not only the head of the Illuminati, he was the leading revolutionist in Europe. He was determined to establish a New World Order on the rubble of the old order and created a plan to accomplish his goal. He detailed his plan for world domination in a letter to Pike on January 22, 1870: 'We must allow all the federations to continue just as they are, with their systems, their central authorities and their diverse modes of correspondence between high grades of the same rite, organized as they are at the present, but we must create a super rite, which will remain unknown, to which we will call those Masons of high degree whom we shall select...', [acc. to] Lady Queensborough, Occult Theocracy, pp. 208-209.

This secret rite is called "The New and Reformed Palladian Rite [or Reformed Palladium]." It has headquarters in Charleston, S.C., Rome in Italy, and Berlin ... Pike wrote about his beliefs and goals in 1871 in "Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry."

"The Palladian Rite, according to conspiracy theorists it is the very top of the Illuminati pyramid. Conspiracy theorists point to the Palladian Rite as being the secret overlord of all Masonic Rites uniting all masonry together in a dark agenda to propitiate three world wars to bring about the New World Order Government led by shape shifting reptiles from outer space".

Pike designed a plan for world conquest and wrote of it in a letter to Mazzini dated August 15, 1871. He said three future world wars would prepare the world for the New World Order ... This strategy is corroborated by Dr. Dennis L. Cuddy PhD. in 'The Power Elite's use of Wars and Crises'." See: pike.htm and http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/. Above Dennis Laurence Cuddy, is historian and political analyst, received a Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill [also at NewsWithViews.com].

Mazzini was the member of the underground "Carbonari" society, also with Lelewel [see Chodzko, Oginski ...], Krepowiecki and Jozef Zaliwski. On 17 February 1833, Zaliwski [see Lubiec estate close to Wola Pszczolecka; Sulimierski, Bleszynski, Psarski ...] left Paris and traveled to the Polish lands.

Giuseppe Mazzini born 1805, died in 1872, was an Italian politician, journalist and headed the Italian revolutionary movement. William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy; in 1840 Mazzini reformed the Giovine Italia in London, and from London he wrote a series of letters to his agents in Europe and South America, and made friends with Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane; in 1843 he organized another riot in Bologna; in 1847 he moved again to London, also founded the People's International League; 1848 Mazzini was in Paris; in April 1848 Mazzini reached Milan, when the First Italian War of Independence started; joined Garibaldi's force at Bergamo, moving to Switzerland with him; in 1849 a republic was declared in Rome.

"Under Lord Palmerston, England supports all revolutions ... and the leading revolutionary in Her Majesty's Secret Service is Giuseppe Mazzini ... Mazzini is a Genoese admirer of the ... Venetian friar Paolo Sarpi. Mazzini's father was a physician to Queen Victoria's father. For a while Mazzini worked for the Carbonari, one of Napoleon's Freemasonic fronts. Then, in 1831, Mazzini founded his Young Italy secret society. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, ... President of France, sent him articles for his magazine. Mazzini's cry ... that the people are the new God. ... Mazzini teaches that Christianity developed the human individual, but that the era of Christianity, of freedom, of human rights, is now over ... The British would take care of Industry and Colonies; the Poles, leadership of the Slavic world; the Russians, the civilizing of Asia. The French get Action, the Germans get Thought...".

"... Mazzini has tried to put this into practice just last year. In November 1848, armed Young Italy gangs forced Pope Pius IX to flee from Rome to Naples. From March to June of 1849, Mazzini ruled the Papal States as one of three dictators, all Grand Orient Freemasons. During that time, death squads operated in Rome, Ancona, and other cities. Some churches were sacked, and many confessionals were burned. ... During this time he was planning to set up his own Italian national church on the Anglican model. The defense of Rome was organized by Giuseppe Garibaldi, who had joined Mazzini's Young Italy in the early 1830s. But a French army ... drove out Mazzini, Garibaldi, and their supporters.

Lord Palmerston said that Mazzini's regime in Rome was 'far better than any the Romans have had for centuries' ...

Right now Mazzini is here in London, enjoying the support of Lord Ashley, the Earl of Shaftesbury, a Protestant fanatic who also happens to be Lord Palmerston's son- in-law. Mazzini's direct access to the British government payroll comes through James Stansfeld, a junior Lord of the Admiralty and a very high official of British intelligence. ... Stansfeld's father-in-law, William Henry Ashurst, is another of Mazzini's patrons, as is John Bowring of the Foreign Office ... Bowring is Jeremy Bentham's literary executor. John Stuart Mill of India House is another of Mazzini's friends. Mazzini is close to ... writer Thomas Carlyle, and has been having an affair with Carlyle's wife. Young Italy, as we have seen, was founded in 1831, attracting the young sailor Giuseppe Garibaldi and Louis Napoleon.

Shortly thereafter there followed Young Poland, whose leaders included the revolutionaries Lelewel and Worcell.
Then came Young Germany, featuring Arnold Ruge ... In 1834, Mazzini founded 'Young Europe', with Italian, Swiss, German, and Polish components. ... By the end of this century we will have a Young Argentina (founded by Garibaldi), Young Bosnia, Young India, Young Russia, Young Armenia, Young Egypt...", acc. to Webster G. Tarpley, Ph.D.

Theories of William Guy Carr on the Satanism - the Illuminati - Zionism, are obviously erroneous, mistaken and very strange because it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy.

Compare three dates:

1.
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.

2. 1870 Brown of London - took the Breguet company [below];

3. and the letter of 1871 from Albert Pike to Mazzini [above].

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others). In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878. L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

In 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown;
Louis Francois Clement Breguet collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and Louis Francois Clement Breguet met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer. The great-grandson of Louis Francois Clement Breguet: above Louis Antoine b. 1851 d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business. So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century.

By Michael Weare at http://clicktempus.com/turning-points-in-time-breguet:

under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920. Then Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of 'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets. The complicated watches were built by the Joux Valley's leading watchmakers including the Victorin Piguet workshops. 1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France.

At all my domain very interesting on line {see below !}:
Chodzko - Oginski - Breguet - Konstantynowicz - Schaub - Gilliard - Duflon - Armand - Paszkowski - Kosciuszko - Fiszer - Mielzynski.


Breguet

cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others).

In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878.

L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

Albert Pike
[Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years]
described in a letter wrote to Mazzini

[Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"],

dated August 15, 1871,
plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr...".

It was the plan known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers, and within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was Rhodes with Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner who was added to the society by Stead.

Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).

See: the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown - Breguet Company in 1870.

Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day.


Early in his political career, Pilsudski became a leader of the Polish Socialist Party. In 1895, he became a Polish Socialist Party leader and took the position that doctrinal issues were of minor importance and that socialist ideology should be merged with nationalist ideology, since that combination offered the greatest chance of restoring Polish independence.

At the same time in Belarus and Austria,
Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice.
Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892]
(K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogrod),
to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz
(born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! - the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN; the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA; the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze; the great-great-granddaughter of Jozef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn),
wife of the Galicja governor -
Andrzej Potocki
(killed in 1908 =
Andrzej Kazimierz Potocki born in KRZESZOWICE in 1861, died in LWOW, the owner of Krzeszowice, the orderly officer of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, Andrzej's wife KRYSTYNA Tyszkiewicz Potocka, 1866-1952, was the owner of ZATOR, ca 1908/1909, and ca 1887/1890 {?} of LUBOSZANY / Lubuszany - 13 km to MIEZONKA).

In the capital of Russia -
L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. In 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

And in London -
Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).
See:
the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown took the Breguet Company in 1870.
Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day.

Pilsudski, like many contemporary ones, was deeply convinced that the most serious obstacle on the road to leading independence, is Russia. In the struggle with the Russian state, Poles, to win, they should have won loyal allies.

Socialists initially expected that such roles will play proletariat "connected with us by the international solidarity". But soon the London congress of II Internationals turned out it and the resolution about the Polish case proved the support is highly illusive [this organization has been called in 1889; the Polish actions took place in 1896].

In this situation [1890/1895], the leader of the Polish party paid careful attention to "these millions of different peoples who, like us, are shackled in Russian bondage."
It was just the possibility of jointly experiencing of the peoples of the Russian empire, as it results from the analysis carried out by Jozef Pilsudski in the middle of 1895.
This very extensive analysis of the internal situation of the Russian empire by Pilsudski was included in the article on Russia, published in the one-day lunch prepared by the Polish Socialist Party.
The conclusions of the socialist leader, Pilsudski, may have caused at least astonishment of the Orthodox Marxist, because he strongly emphasized that he did not believe in the emergence of a mass revolutionary movement in Russia.
He concluded that fortunately the composition of the Russian state, in addition to Russia, is of the other, violently enslaved nations. "The population of these countries, Poles, Lithuanians, Ruthenians - formerly belonging to the Commonwealth - have quite a different historical past, other traditions; all of them are suffering severely national and religious persecution, which among them arouse hatred of current political relations."
A much higher level of political consciousness of the ex-Polish Commonwealth's population, and those areas that are lagging behind, the areas of proper Russia, and economic development, and finally the educated class structure led Pilsudski to the conclusion that "there will emerge this force that will destroy the power of Russia", while the Russian revolutionary "movement" can play in this fight only an auxiliary role.
It is hard not to notice that in Pilsudski's vision, the native Polish working class, as Prometheus, would crush, in the interest of the subjugated peoples, the Russian chains.
Pilsudski has repeatedly stated that enslaved nations - "only when the shackles of captivity, put on us by the despotic government, will be removed" - drop into the era of rapid progress towards a happy future without care and harm.
It concerned what is worth emphasizing once again, all enslaved nations may fight for freedom, not only the former lands of the Commonwealth, taken over by the Tsar's state, but in practice of all areas annexed to the Russian empire.
And all of them will be forced to actively oppose.
Even where there were limited constitutional regulations, as in Finland.
Jozef Pilsudski assumed, "the same position, must lead to a close connection between the revolutionary forces of Poland and Finland, and it will be then - he concluded - a serious step, approaching us to
the common goal - the dispersion of this dark and threatening cloud, which holds the worlds
... and is called the Moscow's regime".

Similar opinions at the time when Pilsudski was in charge of Polish Socialist Party, sometimes unequivocal in his pronunciation, at other times allusive, can be found much more.
Necessary suggestions were scattered in the work of activists, closely related to Pilsudski.

A key excerpt from Pilsudski's 1904 memorandum declared:
"Poland's strength and importance among the constituent parts of the Russian state embolden us to set ourselves the political goal of breaking up the Russian state into its main constituents and emancipating the countries that have been forcibly incorporated into that empire. We regard this not only as the fulfilment of our country's cultural strivings for independent existence, but also as a guarantee of that existence, since a Russia divested of her conquests will be sufficiently weakened that she will cease to be a formidable and dangerous neighbor."

A brief history of Poland's Promethean endeavor was set down on February 12, 1940, by Edmund Charaszkiewicz, a Polish military intelligence officer whose responsibilities from 1927 until the outbreak of World War II in Europe in September 1939 had included the coordination of Poland's Promethean program. Charaszkiewicz wrote his paper in Paris after escaping from a Poland overrun by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.


Time of life of Parvus:

Parvus was born in 1867 Berazino / Berezyna of POTOCKI; moved to Odessa;
ca 1885 in Odessa with political satirist Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin;
in 1886 Gelfand first traveled from Russia to Basel, Switzerland; 1887 - returned to Russia; the fall of 1888 Gelfand enrolled at the University of Basle;
ca 1892 Gelfand moved to Germany, joined Rosa Luxemburg; 1900 he met Vladimir Lenin in Munich;

1902 to 1908 worked for M. Gorki

(to Autumn 1917 Maria Moura Countess Benckendorff worked in the Russian Embassy in Berlin where she became acquainted with British diplomat R. H. Bruce Lockhart. They owned the mansion Jendel in Jeneda, in Estonia where he was shot dead in 1918; 1918, she was arrested in a suspicion of spying for England and transferred to the Lubyanka prison. Bruce Lockhart, tried to vouch for her; they were lovers; Lockhart was expelled from Russia soon after, Maria Moura Countess Benckendorff was released as well under the condition that she would cooperate with the intelligence service; then she met Maxim Gorky as secretary and wife of Gorky, with a few interruptions from 1920 to 1933; 1920 she met H. G. Wells and became his mistress, renewed in 1933 in London, where she emigrated. Later, she was married to Baron Nikolai von Budberg-Bonningshausen, as a double agent for the Soviet Union and British intelligence.
Her older half-sister, Alexandra Alla Ignatievna Zakrevskaya b. 1884, married Baron Arthur von Engelhardt before 1909, was the great-grandmother of Nick Clegg, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 2010);

1905, Parvus arrived in St. Petersburg with false Austro-Hungarian papers and coordinated an agitation; he was arrested on 21 March 1906 and imprisoned with Trocki and Lev Grigorievich Deutsch in St Petersburg - was visited by Rosa Luxemburg; emigrated to Germany 1906, acted again with Maxim Gorky (1902 - 1905) 1906 - 1908, and Rosa Luxemburg;
moved 1908 and 1910 - 1915, to Istanbul in Turkey; he was a business partner of the Krupp concern, of Vickers Limited, and of the Basil Zaharov, German ambassador Hans Freiherr von Wangenheim, also to Enver, Talat and Cemal, and Finance Minister Djavid Bey;

Parvus arrived to Berlin on the 6 March 1915; like Sulkowski, he recommended the division of Russia by encouraging ethnic separatists in various Russian regions, and its loss in the First World War was the best way to bring a revolution.

The plan of the Russian Revolution 1915. Copyright by Chronos. World History on the Internet (A preparation of massive political strikes in Russia). Retrieved 2006-12-17. This document was produced by Alexander Parvus (Israel Gelfand) in February 1915 and contained a preliminary plan for the destruction of existing political system in Russia, the revolutionary movement for the German money. ... at
http://www.hrono.ru/dokum/191_dok/1915parvus.php. Part of the plan he had already finished writing in Berlin. ... Printed from the book: Heresh Elizabeth, Bought Revolution. Secret deal Parvus. Translated from the German I. G. Binevoy, Moscow 2005, p. 21-27.

The plan was handed over to the Germans on March 9, 1915, and they immediately began to finance its implementation. When reading the document easy to see that Lenin in 1917, acted in accordance with this plan. Import of money, weapons and subversive literature was carried out to the territory of Russia by the German money through neutral countries.

Lenin maintained relations with Parvus connected via Karl Radek and Jacob Ganetsky (Furstenberg).

The plan of the Russian Revolution covers twenty pages:

"1. Preparation of the mass political strike in Russia.

By the spring in Russia should start preparing mass political strike under the slogan 'Freedom and peace'. Center of the movement will be in Petrograd and Obukhov, Putilov and the Baltic Shipyard. The strike should cover rail networks between Petrograd and Warsaw, as well as the South-Western Railway. Railway strike will be mainly carried out in the major centers with large teams of workers, railway workshops and so on. To expand the scale of strikes wherever possible, will broken railway bridges, as well as during the strike movement of 1904-1905.

2. Conference of leaders of the Russian Social-Democrats:

The plan can only be achieved under the leadership of the Russian Social-Democrats. The radical wing of the party has already begun to take action. But it is important that joined them moderate faction of the Mensheviks. ... But two weeks ago, their leader Lenin himself raised the question of unification with the Mensheviks. Unity can be achieved through a policy of compromise; ... And thus begin active operations against absolutism. It should be noted that a group of moderates always is under a strong influence of German Social Democracy. Due to the personal authority of some leaders of the German and Austrian Social Democracy ... you can still achieve a lot with them. ... it is necessary to convene in Switzerland or in any other neutral country ... It should take part:
1. Social Democratic Party of Bolsheviks. 2. Menshevik party. 3. Jewish Bund. 4. Ukrainian organization Spilka. 5. The Polish Social-Democratic Party. 6. The Social Democratic Party of Poland. 7. Social Democratic Party of Lithuania. 8. The Finnish Social Democrats.
Congress can take place only if it is absolute reached a preliminary agreement to launch immediate action against the tsarist regime. ... Additional possible participants of the congress are: 9. Armenian party Dashnak-tsutyun. 10. Hindshak.
... the Congress by their decisions will have a major impact on public opinion in France and England.

3. Russian Socialist Revolutionaries.
Separate negotiations need to lead a party of Russian Socialist - Revolutionaries. These people are most inclined to nationalism. However, their influence to the working community is minimal. In St. Petersburg, they have only a small number of supporters at the Baltic Shipyard. On the question of the mass strike, they can be eliminated without prejudice. Their scope - it is the peasantry, where they have a significant impact, using teachers of public schools.

4. Individual movements.
Preparing the creation of an institutional framework for the mass strike should immediately start doing direct agitation. Through Bulgaria and Romania can establish links with Odessa, Sevastopol, Rostov-on-Don, Batumi and Baku. Russian workers in these areas ... have not stopped fighting for these requirements: only two years ago, the big strike of sailors and dockworkers, which again put on the agenda of the previous suggestions. Agitation should be ... and at the same time acquire a political nature a general strike at the Black Sea ... under the domination of unemployment, ... probably take place in Nikolayev, Rostov-on-Don and among workers in certain occupations in Odessa. Such a strike would have a local character ... To carry out such a campaign is necessary above all restores the organization of Russian sailors who settled in Constantinople, then to Alexandria. Now this center should be in Constanta or Galati. Since the war at sea cause severe disturbances in the Black Sea city, this will make them particularly susceptible to political agitation. Special forces must be applied ... in Odessa, ... as in 1905, ... And it would help to give a new impetus to the universal revolutionary movement. If in Odessa uprising broke out, it could be supported by the Turkish fleet. Prospects for the uprising in the Black Sea Fleet can be determined after the establishment of contacts with large Sevastopol. In Baku and the oil area can easily bring the strike. Can not be ignored ... workers are Tatars, ie Muslims. ... Strikes are also possible in the mining region of Donetsk. Particularly favorable conditions in the Urals. There Bolshevik Party has its loyal and strong supporters. Political strike among miners ... as the population is very poor.

5. Siberia.
Particular attention should be paid to Siberia. In Europe it is known only as a place of exile. But along the large Siberian routes, the railway and river banks lives strong peasant class, proud and independent, who wish to maintain independence from the central government. In the cities live energetic businessmen and intellectual layers, which consists of political exiles and which is under their influence. Siberian constituencies sent to the Duma socialist representatives. During the revolutionary movement of 1905 all the management was in the hands of the revolutionary committees. The administrative staff is extremely weak. The armed forces have been reduced to a minimum ... These circumstances make it possible to create some centers in Siberia action. At the same time it is necessary to take care of political exiles who want back to European Russia. This is purely a question of money. Thus, we can send thousands of ... agitators ... in the above campaign centers and in St. Petersburg. ... All of these actions will be developed and ... more co-ordinated their activities will be. On the other hand ... customize party centers must be immediately included, and lead them to unite.

6. Campaign in the press.
At the same time you need to give a boost to Russian Socialist Party, mentioning it in the press and brochures, as well as the direction of its actions. Brochures in Russian may be issued in Switzerland. In Paris goes Russian newspaper 'The Voice', which is edited by some leaders of the socialist Menshevik Party ... In spite of the exceptional circumstances in which it goes, this newspaper has maintained an objective attitude towards the war. ... May be mentioned and considered Swiss, and Italian, and Danish, and Dutch, and Swedish socialist newspapers, as well as the socialist press of America ... German socialist leaders ... easily be able to participate in this discussion in the media campaign would have a significant impact on the position neutral countries, especially Italy, ... in the socialist circles of France and England. ... which can reach up to England and France with great difficulty, would be of great value. ... easily make an impact in the sense ... against the tsarist regime in the socialist press of Bulgaria and Romania. Since Romania will be a central point of revolutionary agitation in the south of Russia, ... for this reason the position of the Romanian daily press is important, not counting, of course, its importance to determine its own position in the war. All major Romanian newspapers are in the service of Russia. ... It is not difficult to organize a group of recognized journalists for publishing large independent daily newspaper with a pronounced tendency to early accession of Germany. ...

7. Campaign in North America.
Particular attention should be paid to the United States. Many Russian Jews and Slavs in the United States and Canada are a very sensitive element for agitation against the tsarist regime. Russian Social-Democracy and the Jewish Bund were sent to tour to these places. ... they can inspire to energetic performances by local forces, to strengthen the organization, strengthen widely represented Russian and Jewish press and thus achieve the heyday of planned activities. ... with millions Russian immigrants, most of whom have only recently left their homeland, are also of great importance. Movement among Russian immigrants in America would have an impact on public opinion of America. ... The German element also needs to act more actively in this war ... A strong movement among the Russian, that is Russian Jews in America would contribute to performance of the Germans. It should be send here a few agitators from German and Austrian Social Democracy.

8. The growth of the revolutionary movement.
Campaign in neutral countries will have a strong reaction on the campaign in Russia, and vice versa. Further development is largely dependent on the military action. ... If the Russian army during the winter will also be tied to their former positions, the disorder will go across the country. Planned propaganda machine will use this disorder, expanding and deepening its across the board. Strikes here and there, food riots, the growing political agitation - all mislead the tsarist government. If it will lead to an repression, it will cause a growing resentment ... it will be interpreted as a sign of weakness, leading to an increase of the revolutionary movement. ... If in the meantime, the Russian army will suffer a major defeat, the movement against the regime can take unprecedented dimensions. In any case, you can count on the fact that if all the forces will be directed to act on with the plan, the spring can happen mass political strike. If the mass strike will have a large scale, the tsarist government will be forced to concentrate forces in the country, especially in St. Petersburg and Moscow. In addition, the government will need strength to protect the rail links. ... will be sent to the railways in the west, you can call a strike everywhere. If it succeeds everywhere, the tsarist government will still be forced to use to protect stations, and so on. ... Simultaneously, the administrative apparatus will be given in the confusion that will accelerate its decay.

9. The peasant movement and Ukraine.
Along with the developments of above, the peasant movement is, as in 1905, an important contributing factor. ... In general, the question of protection of land is the basis of Russian peasant question, ... In Ukraine, all these problems are reduced to demand autonomy. As long as the tsarist government prevails, policy in Ukraine is reduced to giving away land to Moscow nobles and large landowners of Moscow, which protects it from ... Ukrainian peasants; farmers have no choice to rebel, unless they feel that the pressure of government weakened that ... One of the main tasks of the Ukrainian government is to establish law and order in places of anarchy ... The education independent of Ukraine can be considered as an exemption from the tsarist regime, and as a solution to the peasant question. ... a Great Russian peasants did not remain calm under any circumstances ...
10. Movement in Finland.
In connection to the global movement, in Finland, you can take important steps. Finnish parties are in an awkward position, since the country has significant Russian military forces. On the other hand, the Finns did not just want to be annexed by Sweden. Swedes do not seek to annex Finland, they want to make it a buffer country that is independent. Swedish party in Finland - a small minority. Therefore it is necessary to reach an agreement between the Swedish government and the stronger Finnish parties, among which the most influential - the Social Democratic. Such an agreement is possible if the Swedes guarantee Finns greatest autonomy and give them the right to decide which group of states they wish to join. ... systematically begin preparations for a general uprising. The Finnish Social Democrats have at their disposal an excellent organization, similar to the German. ... a special role played by differences in language. All preparations for the revolution must be conducted secretly ... Then part of the concentrated forces will be drawn to St. Petersburg. This will be the signal for the start of a general uprising in Finland. ... The plan was developed by a special commission in St. Petersburg, where the participants were members of the General Staff, as well as senior administrative officials. ... the Swedish army will have to intervene and protect the independence of Finland. Although this is good way to crush the rebellion, it makes absolutely defenseless against army intervention of enemy forces. Therefore, probably, the tsarist government will go the other way and will delay the army to administrative centers, that is, to the coast and along the railroad. In this case, may even be destroyed railway lines with Sweden. Then Russian will dominate only on the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia. ... the rebels will form the National Guard ... Of course, much depends on the development of events in St. Petersburg. Finns can be of great help even before the Russian general strike. ... They could organize a system of signaling for aircraft ... Then can be created radiotelegraph stations ...

11. Caucasus.
During the revolution, the tsarist government virtually ignored the Caucasus. ... because of the Russian-Turkish war, the situation is quite different. There is a possibility of falling away of the Caucasus ... But in contrast to Finland, where a well-organized general uprising is possible, movement in the Caucasus will always depend on the national division and struggle of parties. Most strongly manifested themselves during the revolutionary years, Georgians. ... they got full control of the government in Kutaisi and established his administration, the courts, and so on. However, this movement is not led by separatists, and the Social Democrats. ... the Social Democrats had a few Armenians, ... But we must bear in mind that after the disappointment to the revolution and the war against the separatist tendencies, of course, have become popular. In strikes participated Tatar workers. In general, the Tatar population played a reactionary role. They were opposed to the Armenian government agents from Petrograd. This led to bloody stikam between them. ... Turkey has signaled to the Caucasian Muslims that to achieve the objectives of holy war... At the same time must be concluded an alliance with the Young Turks and the Armenian parties in Turkey ... The details of this action ... beyond the scope of this memorable letters. It should be mentioned only the fact that the share of the Caucasus Armenians and Georgians would have a big impact on decisive performance of the Russian Social-Democracy. ... Holy War, which aims to raise the huge mass in Persia, Egypt, North Africa, etc., is unlikely to have a significant influence in Russia. Tatars on the Volga and Kama, of course, do not move. It is extremely peaceful and absolutely obedient peasant ... The situation is different in the Caucasus, but there Tatars were pacified ... Old conflict between Caucasian highlanders and Russian was just a struggle against any centralized state. Since then, the tribes were scattered, their leaders became landowners, hardly having contacts with the masses. The people have lost a sense of independence. ... The Turkish army will be favorably received ... In the Caucasus Muslims large-scale guerrilla war is hopeless. Rise of the Kuban Cossacks quite possible, in this case would be useful Ukrainian propaganda.

12. End of motion.
The growth of the revolutionary movement in the tsarist empire, among other things, lead to a general turmoil. In addition to the general course of military operations, it is possible to take special measures to enhance this troubled situation. For certain reasons the Black Sea basin and the Caucasus are more favorable to the area. Particular attention should be paid to the city of Nikolaev ... In Nikolayev need to strike among the workers, not necessarily of a political nature, but simply on the basis of economic demands. ... First of all, the most important - is the mobilization ... young of its citizens. Russian Social-Democracy strongly opposed to the absolute power of the country is sought by the royal diplomacy. ... If the revolutionary movement reaches a certain size - even if the tsarist government hold power in St. Petersburg - created by the Provisional Government may raise the question of the cessation of hostilities and the beginning of diplomatic negotiations for a peace treaty. If the tsarist government have to conclude an agreement on a cease-fire until an interim government, the revolutionary movement will develop more resolutely ... ...

13. Siberia.
It is necessary to pay special attention to Siberia also because huge supply of artillery and other types of weapons from the US to Russia ... through Siberia. Therefore, the Siberian project should be considered separately from the rest. It should send a few energetic, cautious and well-equipped agents to Siberia on a special mission to blow up railway bridges. They will find enough helpers among the exiles. Explosives can be delivered at the Ural mountain plants ... from Finland. Technical guidelines could be developed here.

14. Campaign in the press.
Assumptions about Romania and Bulgaria were confirmed after finalization of the memorandum and in the development of the revolutionary movement. Bulgarian media now ... pro-German ...

Now it is especially important to take the job.
1. Financial support of the Social Democratic faction of the Bolsheviks ... It is necessary to establish contacts with its leaders in Switzerland.
2. Direct contact with the revolutionary organizations in Odessa and Nikolaev through Bucharest and Iasi.
3. Establishing contacts with the Russian organizations of sailors. Such contact is already over one gentleman in Sofia. Other connections are possible via Amsterdam.
4. Support the activities of the Jewish socialist organization Bund - not Zionists.
5. Establishing contacts with authoritative figures of Russian Social Democracy and Russian Social-revolutionaries in Switzerland, Italy, Copenhagen, Stockholm. Support their efforts ... against the tsarist regime.
6. Support of the Russian revolutionary writers who take part in the struggle against tsarism even in war.
7. Communication with the Finnish Social Democracy.
8. Organization of the Congress of Russian revolutionaries.
9. Influence on public opinion in the neutral countries, especially the position of the socialist press and socialist organizations ...
In Bulgaria and Romania, it has already been successfully implemented; continue this work in the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland and Italy.
10. Equipment of the expedition to Siberia with a special purpose: to blow up the most important railway bridges and thereby prevent the transportation of weapons from America to Russia. ... with rich cash transfer for the organization of a certain number of political exiles in the center of the country.

11. Technical preparation for an uprising in Russia:

a) providing an accurate map of the Russian railways with the most important bridges that must be destroyed to paralyze transport connection, as well as identifying the main administrative buildings, arsenals, workshops, which should be given maximum attention;

b) a precise indication of the amount of explosives needed to achieve the goal in each individual case. Thus it is necessary to take into account the lack of materials and the difficult circumstances in which the action will be carried out;

c) a clear and popular instruction on handling explosives to the explosion of bridges and large buildings;

d) simple recipes for explosives;

d) develop a plan of resistance of the insurgent population of Petersburg against the armed power with particular reference to the workers' districts. Protection of houses and streets.
Protection of cavalry and infantry. Jewish socialist Bund in Russia - a revolutionary organization, which is based on the working masses and which played a role back in 1904.

Bund is in opposing relationship with the "Zionists", from which there is nothing to expect for the following reasons:

1) because of their membership in the fragile party;
2) as the Russian patriotic idea became popular in their ranks since the war began;
3) because after the Balkan War, a core of their leadership actively seek sympathy of the British and Russian diplomatic circles, although this did not prevent them also to cooperate with the German government. Because of this, it is not able to make any political action".


This "sect" of Tadeusz Grabianka [since 1778/1779], or The Order of Illuminati, it is a Polish intelligence network created during the collapse of the Polish-Lithuanian State and it is a secretive intelligence and political organization working to rebuild independent Poland in conditions when the entire territory of the country was occupied by three hostile neighbors.

In the absence of state independence, Tadeusz Grabianka created the foundation of a political intelligence. It was the period of his activity from 1778 to the murder in 1807 in Russia.

Tadeusz Grabianka used social engineering methods, he had the ability to recruit collaborators - for example during a visit to London [then this network surrounds Edward Brown], which lasted almost a year - and he could recruit future "soldiers": a courier, probably also murderers, heads of smaller underground groups.

Tadeusz Grabianka co-operated with the French intelligence.

Tadeusz Grabianka also knew that in every country [Berlin, London, France, Austrian Galicia, Russian Podole and Ukraine; in Russia] after some time his conspiracy would be taken over by counterintelligences of these countries.
However, Tadeusz Grabianka's aims were at the same time attractive to France and Great Britain.

Thus, the situation will appear in which our Polish resistance conspiracy will help to other countries - including the US and not only through official state channels, as Thomas Jefferson said - and to the royal courts [George III, Duke of Kent].

And the reverse, other countries gladly use our underground networks.

It was not alchemy and sect. These were chemical laboratories where it was possible to produce poisonous and hallucinogenic drugs for Polish intelligence in the absence of an independent state.

The goals have changed over the next years.
In the 70s of the 19th century, the Polish conspiracy [Koziell-Poklewski] unequivocally led to
causing chaos in Europe,
provoking a European war and world conflict [USA, Japan],
invoking massive revolutions
[the scheme of Tadeusz Grabianka; use of national minorities - Leopold Kronenberg and the Wloclawek area]
by providing attractive ideologies [Nestor Trubecki, Duke Kropotkin, Lenin].

Some researchers have come to a completely wrong conclusion that this is a devilish conspiracy.

Most European politicians in the 19th century knew, however, that this is so-called "Polish conspiracy."
That is, a conspiracy involving the entry into the Russian state and intelligence system.
This was done, among others, by the Konstantynowicz family, creating the company "Duflon & Konstantinovich", also co-operating with the NOBEL family, Armand, Gernet, Azbelev, Pilsudski, Breguet; co- creating Lenin's person.

The family of Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantinovich took part in the non-legal conspiracy.

And so the powerful underground Network was created:

the King of Naples, Marshal Joachim Murat - General Armand - General Axamitowski of Poznan - General Franciszek Paszkowski
[+ Maria Paszkowska Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz - BREGUET]
-
Colonel / General JAN DEMBOWSKI, the Freemason, the friend of Ignacy Potocki and Artur Potocki
[the Templars and of the Grand Orient in 1818]
-
and from ARTUR POTOCKI to Wojciech Paszkowski + Br. Bystrzanowski and the Mark Masons Order
[and here the line to Kalinowski and Tadeusz Grabianka / Marcin Tarnowski / Stadnicki / Ilinski - the ILLUMINATI and the TEMPLARS]
+
Tadeusz Kosciuszko in 1776
[+ General Franciszek Paszkowski and General Stanislaw Fiszer (Fiszer lived in Koninko in 1803 - 17 km south-east to POZNAN)].

The Armand family, who since 1799 wanted to settle in Moscow, met with General Franciszek Paszkowski, through the family Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and his son - Alphonse de Bauffremont / prince de Bauffremont Courtenay.

Named Alphonse de Bauffremont and General Franciszek Paszkowski were together adjutants / aide-de-camp of Marshal Joachim Murat.

Murat and Jozef Sulkowski were adjutants of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Mentioned Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and [then he was Baron] General Armand were in Russia in 1791. So, 29 year-old general Paul Armand [Paul 1st] came from Paris together with Alexandre, the Marquis de Courtenay.

Paul Armand [Paul 2nd, wine merchant], 1760 - 1835, or was born in 1762, was the first in Russia in 1791.

General Paul Armand [Baron, the 1st], in Russia in 1791, but Jean-Louis Armand [he was the son of Paul Armand, the 2nd] was the first in Russia in 1799.

Mentioned Alexandre de Bauffremont [de Bauffremont-Courtenay], born in 1773 and died in 1833, prince de Bauffremont, emigrated to Koblenz but rallied to Napoleon I who made him count Empire.

Mentioned above Alphonse de Bauffremont, born in 1792 and died in 1860, duke of Bauffremont, prince of Bauffremont, was created count by Napoleon and became aide-de-camp of Murat [see JOZEF SULKOWSKI and General FRANCISZEK PASZKOWSKI !].
Alphonse de Bauffremont distinguished himself at the Battle of the Moskowa, in 1812, under MURAT as his aide- de-camp, as well as in the Saxony campaign in 1813 [Dresde / Dresden / Drezno in 1813]. During the Hundred Days, Alphonse de Bauffremont was instructed by Murat to bring Napoleon confidential dispatches.


The war of independence, however, meant [1795-1914] that it was the war of a nation deprived of the opportunity to dispose of its wealth. It was impossible to enter into an alliance with one of the partitioning powers, with any of the other two partitioning powers for the uprising.

Young Tadeusz Grabianka was educated at the Polish school in Lunéville, ca 1750, under the care of the king Stanisław Leszczynski (1677-1766). In 1756 he came back to his family home, and he returned to Lorraine. In the country he reappeared at his father's funeral in October 1759.
In 1760, the spring, he went to France, where he lived mainly in Paris, he stayed here until 1769. Probably thanks to the support of Jeanne A. Poisson, the marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), he came into the court of Louis XV (1710-1774 ) and probably already became an active freemason; he obtained a high degree of initiation - the Knight of Rose Croix.
Rose-Croix, is the Scottish Rite, one of several Rites of Freemasonry.
"Within the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite concordant body of Freemasonry, the Eighteenth Degree is specifically concerned with the rose cross and confers the title of "Knight Rose Croix". Of one version of the degree, Albert Pike wrote in 1871."

Mazzini - an important note:

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini

[Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"],

dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a
"commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr

[died 1959, was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author; educated in Scotland; he also refers to the theories of l'abbe Augustin Barruel and John Robison

{John Robison b. 1739, d. 1805, was a Scottish physicist; the first general secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh; worked with James Watt on an early steam car; he authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati"}

who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt, associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order],

former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy. The British Library has confirmed ... that such a document has never been in their possession, but Cardinal Rodriguez have said that it was in 1925".

During the January Uprising in 1863, insurgents used smuggled weapons and ammunition.
Incidentally, Leopold Kronenberg (he gave a million rubles) was involved in this smuggling from the United Kingdom, but after the fall of the uprising he got the Holy Wlodzimierz Medal of the Third Class, and nobility; Leopold Kronenberg was at the head of the Jewish consortium, for the buying of assets confiscated after this uprising.

It is obvious that without the smuggling of arms and ammunition, the January Uprising in 1863 would not have happened at all.

Leopold Stanislaw Kronenberg in 1851 founded his own banking house under the name of 'Leopold Kronenberg'.

English rifles in most cases fell into Russian hands.
The metastatic routes were worked out by the Russian spy, TUGENDHOLD ie. TUGENHOLD from Warsaw
[Rafal Tugendhold, ie. Stefan Poles - born ca. 1841 - died in 1875].
He was the secretary of Colonel Teofil LAPINSKI
[Lapinski, Teofil (1826-1886), was born in 1826 in Galicia. See below!].

The most tragic image is depicted by the January Uprising - even if we omit the mysterious thread of Leopold Kronenberg, who first organized the purchase of arms for a million rubles [see: Andrzej Szczesniak's work], but after the fall of Uprising he was decorated by the Tsar with the Holy Wlodzimierz Order.

Kronenberg took from Russian a lifelong nobility in a situation where the emperor could not know about this million rubles, as the arms fell into Russian hands as a result of betrayal. Copyright by Stanislaw Michalkiewicz.

After the arrest of dictator Langiewicz, the Jewish people, Henryk Wohl and Leopold Kronenberg were appointed as financial advisors of the Uprising.

Volunteers from Sweden through Berlin reached the territory of the Great Poland in July 1863. The Swedish press later wrote that all three were sent deep into Russia, and that they were sentenced to a year of stay in the Modlin Fortress; on their search, went to Warsaw, equipped with a Swedish passport, Rafal Tugendhold. Deeply connected with the underground activity.
He was a very complicated and tragic figure, the author of publications about Poland and the uprising, published in Sweden under the pseudonym Stefan Poles. Tugenhold was even admitted to the citadel in Warsaw, but no traces of Swedish volunteers could be found.
Meanwhile, the efforts of Swedish diplomacy have been effective. The three of them were transported to Warsaw in February 1864 and after a further two weeks they were detained to the Prussian border.

Note to Colonel Teofil Lapinski:

The 1877-1878 Russian - Turkish War and
von Unruh [of the Great Poland family] = General Artur Niepokojczycki + Michal Domontowicz = Michal Demontowicz [Mihail Domontovits, 1830 - 1902, General Major in 1875] - Aleksandra Kollataj [+ the Webb couple] - Lenin + Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand + Inessa Armand - Miezonka + Lubuszany / Berezyna of Potocki "Templar's" net:

The then Central National Committee sent in October, November and December 1862 to a commission established and residing in Paris, 140000 zlotys for the purchase of weapons. Since then, it has been sending important funds, on the fastest delivery of weapons to the country.

The main Polish activists were Jozef Cwierciakiewicz in Paris and in Krolewiec [for Domontowicz], and Langiewicz in GENUA and London [together with Bonfort], later a dictator in 1863;
in Vienna were Pietraszkiewicz and Jozef Kwiatkowski from Warsaw;
in Katowice - Janczewski and Maciejowski;
in Paris - Jozef Ordega;
Liege - Aleksander Guttre.

Domontowicz / Demontowicz and TEOFIL Lapinski had a Sweden weapon form, and send it to Zmudz - see a letter from the National Government to Domontowicz on 10 April 1863.

Giuseppe Mazzini revealed a lot of good will, even with cash uploaded the Zmudz expedition of Domontowicz and Lapinski.

With the outbreak of the January Uprising in 1863, the idea of a nautical expedition to Zmudz sprouted among the Polish political emigres. The closing of the border between Prussia and the Kingdom of Poland effectively cut off the possibility of buying arms from abroad. The way around this problem seemed to be delivery by sea.
Initially, the commander of the project was to be one of its co-creators, General Ludwik Mieroslawski, but due to internal disputes, which caused that the entire operation was difficult to keep secret, Mieroslawski resigned.

Jozef Cwierciakiewicz, a representative of the Provisional National Government, came to Paris from London. He turned to offer the command of this adventurous, to Colonel Teofil Lapinski.

Teofil Lapinski vel Teffik-bej born ca 1826, d. 1886 in Lwow. He studied in Vienna. And served the Turkish Army. In 1857 - 1859 helped the Circassians. In 1864 co-operated with Wladyslaw Ewaryst Broel-Plater

{b. 1808, d. 1889, MP in 1831, acted in Rapperswil in 1870, the son of Kazimierz PLATER 1779-1819, and Apolinara Zaba 1784-1847;
the grandson of Jan Plater, 1759-1789 and ANNA WOLLOWICZ.
Wladyslaw Plater in 1868 made plans to set up the Anti-Moscow League.
Above Wladyslaw Ewaryst's great-grandfather: Jan Ludwik Plater, SECOND, 1700-1764}.

In 1878, Teofil Lapinski vel Teffik-bej back to Lwow.

At that time, in 1863, Lapinski was a man - a legend. Karl Marx wrote about his actions from London to the American newspaper "New York Daily Tribune".
His true fame brought Lapinski to his achievements in the Muslim Caucasus where he found himself in 1857 as the commander of the Polish unit. There, for three years, he supported Cherkess in their heroic fight against the Russians.

They were thinking in Paris, to deport Swedish-French troops in COURLAND, but this project has come to an end when Bismarck declared that Prussia never it will allow. The insurgents landing in Lithuania supported, among others, Garibaldi and Emperor Napoleon III.
Lapinski to take command of the ship "Ward Jackson".
Unfortunately, rumors about the organization of the expedition reached the Russians. This was caused, among others, by infiltration of Polish emigre circles by Russian agents. Probably even the secretary of Lapinski was on the services of the Russian embassy in London.

Just in case, on 16 February, 1863, the Governor of Vilnius, General Nazimov, declared martial law in the area of Belarus and Lithuania.
On March 22, 1863, not without obstacles, the ship "Ward Jackson" along with a 145-person insurgent unit (108 Poles and 37 foreigners), went into the sea. In addition to the crew, the insurgents were a member of the plot of Piotr Sciegienny in 1844, an activist of the Democratic Society of Poland, deputy commissar of the Temporary National Government, Leon Mazurkiewicz and Jozef Demontowicz / Jozef Domontowicz, the commissioner of the National Government to the Scandinavian countries.

Lapinski decided to reach Lithuania, and for the rest of the funds he bought weapons and ammunition. The "Emilie" sailing ship, June 3rd, began to flow towards the former Polish lands, and finally, it would be just 10 miles from Klaipeda. Lapinski decided to take shelter with the crew in Sweden. They take a course to the island of Gotland, where they arrived on June 14, 1863.

Jozef Demontowicz / Jozef Blazej Demontowicz / Jozef Domontowicz (born 1823, died 1876 in Stockholm) - insurgent activist, delegate of the National Government to the Scandinavian countries.
In 1860 - 1861 he co-organized socialist circles in Kaunas, in March 1862 he became the plenipotentiary of the Central National Committee for Western Prussia (present Pomerania). In September 1862, his area of activity grew to include Greater Poland.
In December 1862, he traveled to Liege and Berlin to buy weapons for the January Uprising. Weapons were sent via Gdansk and Krolewiec, transports were supervised by Demontowicz.
In 1863, a sea trip from London to Zmudz failed, then Jozef Demontowicz decided not to return to the homeland seized by the invaders. He stayed in Stockholm, where he was the National Government delegate to the Scandinavian countries and the Commissioner of this Government in Sweden.
He kept in touch with Michal Bakunin.
After the fall of the January Uprising he settled permanently in Stockholm, helped emigres from Poland on social issues.

DEMONTOWICZ Jozef Blazej (1823-1876)
was the son of
Ildefons Demontowicz, born ca 1780/1790 [Jan Ildefons Demontowicz - the Wilno official in 1823], and Katarzyna Schultz (m. ca 1822).

The White Committee:
Goutre / Aleksander Guttre / Aleksander Goutry,
Adam Czartoryski;
Wladyslaw Niegolewski,
Kosinski, who after 1846 was sentenced to death;
Zygmunt Jaraczewski,
Wladyslaw Wolewicz,
Roger Baczynski;
Domontowicz.

Unknown Domontowicz was the owner of Poszawsze, in Zmudz; near Cytowiany, 30 km south-east to Szawle.

Now on Kollataj - Domontowicz branch:

Ludwik Kollataj born in 1814 in Przedborz, was the son of Jozef Kollataj, and named Ludwik was exiled to the Caucasus after the January Uprising in 1863.
His daughter-in-law, Aleksandra Domontowicz was the wife of Wlodzimierz, and she made a staggering career in Soviet Russia. It was she who supported Lenin in April 1917 in Petrograd.

Aleksandra Michajlowna Kollontaj nee Domontowicz, b. 1872 in Petersburg. The daughter of
General of the Russian army, Michail Domontowicz, commander in the Russian-Turkish war (1877-1878), then head of the office of the Russian Embassy in Bulgaria in 1878-1879,
and his wife Aleksandra Masalin-Mrawinska, daughter of a rich Finnish wood trader.

Ivan Domontovich / JAN DOMONTOWICZ

[Domontovich, Ivan Mikhailovich born ca 1640, - the general in Little Russia; at the meeting in Konotop on June 17, 1672, among other signed the statement to the Moscow Tsar. In 1672, Samoilovich transferred the village of Kudrovka to the possession of General Domontovich "for feeding". Family: the daughter Euphrosyne, was married to Prokhor Ivanovich Zabela.

Remember - George (Yuri) Ivanovich Domontowicz, born about 1754, was married to Anastasia Ivanovna Tovstoles [Tolstoj ?] (she is the great-grandmother of Alexandra Mikhailovna Kollontai).

Above Ivan remained in history as the founder of St. Nicholas' Cathedral (1680) in Krupitsky Nikolsky Monastery. JAN b. ca 1710 [see on the genealogy], was the son of MICHAL Domontowicz b. ca 1680 ? - and grandson of IVAN Domontowicz / Ivan Ivanovitsch Domontovich = Demontowicz, senior, b. ca 1660, the son of Ivan, oldest, b. ca 1640 - above named !].

Jan Domontowicz (ca 1710 ? - 1780) had a son -
George Domontowicz (ca 1754-1823) - Jurij / JERZY DOMONTOWICZ

[did Jerzy Domontowicz have a brother Jan Demontowicz, born ca 1755? who had a son Ildefons Demontowicz born ca 1780/1790 = Jan Ildefons Demontowicz of Wilno; Ildefon's son was DEMONTOWICZ Jozef Blazej (1823-1876)]

and two grandsons:
1.
Ludwik Kollataj / Ludwig Kollontai, b. ca 1800 / 1820 ! + Praskovya;
2.
Alexey Domontowicz (1790-1853) + Maria Stepanovna (?).

Alexey Domontowicz had a son
General Mikhail / Michal Domontowicz / General Major Michal Aleksander Domontowicz (1830-1902) + Alexandra Masalin-Mravinskaya (? -1901)
with a daughter - Alexandra Domontowicz Kollontai (1872-1952).


The main political objectives set by Tadeusz Grabianka:

1.
Universal Society.

The Polish Count Tadeusz Grabianka influenced by the Christian mysticism, contained a "Plan" for a Universal Society [Chastanier], which was to work for the Swedenborg works.

2.
The mass revolution - like in France 1789.

3.
Occupation of Jerusalem.

4.
Polish messianism

- by Robert Collis and Natalie Bayer:

"... Despite Grabianka proclaiming that 'the light must be spread from the north', the New Israel Society never propounded a messianic doctrine in which the Russian emperor and his nation would play the leading role in ushering in the millennial reign of Christ. Grabianka reserved the preeminent role in the imminent drama for himself (as King of the New Israel). Furthermore, the society remained resolutely cosmopolitan, attracting aristocrats, clergymen and enthusiasts from across the length and breadth of the European continent. These 'People of God' were not defined by nationality, but by their shared faith that membership in the New Israel Society secured them entry into the long- awaited New Jerusalem. In the decade after Grabianka's death this cosmopolitan form of millenarianism was swept aside in Russia by a rising tide of providentialism, especially after 1812 ...

It has been well documented that this messianic eschatological discourse was greatly influenced by two of the foremost Christian theosophists of the age - Eckartshausen and Jung-Stilling - as well as by the famous Livonian mystic Barbara von Krudener (1764-1824).

Significantly, none of these figures posed a challenge to the civil authority of the Russian authorities or to the moral mandate central to many Masonic rites, and, most crucially, Jung-Stilling and Krudener set forth a messianic role for the emperor that was denied by the New Israel Society. ...".

The Polish "imperialist" messianism is quite old and it was born of a polemic of the Reformation day.

"The chosen people" called Poles.

Wojciech Dębołęcki predicted to the Poles, rule over the world.

In the eighteenth century there was already a flood of prophetic texts.
In Avignon, the Polish nobleman Tadeusz Grabianka proclaimed himself a messiah and he claimed that the spirit of Israel joined the Poles, with whom he, Grabianka, would gain dominion over the world.

Polish Messianism was based on the idea of ​​the earthly salvation of humanity.

The political program postulated by him was based on moral and spiritual superiority, thanks which "Polish cause" was to triumph over the invaders. In philosophical terms, he drew from Jakob Bohm's mysticism and Emanuel Swedenborg, Sarmatism and Slavophilia.

5.

Prometeizm:

On the political and social goals propagated by Tadeusz Grabianka, grew up a hundred years later, the Promethean movement of Jozef Pilsudski.
Prometheism was also called the political project of Jozef Pilsudski against the Soviet Union in the interwar period.

The Promethean movement coordinated and supported materially in 1921-1939 of some emigre governments and independence organizations of nations conquered by Soviet Russia in 1918-1921.

6.

Taking over state power in tsarist Russia.

In 1785, Tadeusz Grabianka went to Avignon to be created there the Pernety Avignon Iluminates Association and the alchemical laboratory.

He arrived at the place as the ruler of the New Israel - after taking control of the Russian state of tsars and occupation of Jerusalem - he will become the Polish king. He soon reorganized the sect under a new name the Kingdom of the New Israel.

7.

Independence of Poland

- see: 'Masoni a kultura i niepodległość Polski' by Adam Witold Wysocki.

And on Natalie Bayer and Robert Collis [The University of Sussex, United Kingdom and The University of Turku, Finland - at academia.edu]:

"...Between 1802 and 1807 many of the leading members of the society, including the Polish nobleman Tadeusz Grabianka (1740-1807), the so-called 'King of the New Israel', were resident in St. Petersburg. Drawing on archival material related to the interrogation of Grabianka and other members of the society after their arrest in 1807, this paper charts the initial Russian connections to the group in Avignon prior to the French Revolution. ...
On January 13, 1807, the Committee for the Preservation of General Security ... was established in St. Petersburg ... [NOVOSILTSEV] reflected the influence of Augustin Barruel and John Robison, who argued that secret societies were responsible for unleashing and overseeing the French Revolution. The conspiratorial theories advanced by Barruel and Robison were first translated into Russian in 1805 and 1806 respectively.
Thus, Novosiltsev was able to draw on these works at a time when Russia faced a foreign threat.

On February 6, 1807, within a month of being established, the Committee arrested Tadeusz Grabianka (1740-1807), a Polish nobleman ...
who had been resident in St. Petersburg since August 1805. Grabianka's incarceration was probably the foremost priority of the Committee, as since 1778 he had played a [top] role in the Illumines d'Avignon, or New Israel Society.

Indeed, it was this very society, according to Barruel, that formed 'the most secret and monstrous of Lodges, and form the most terrible tribunal for Kings ... which pointed out the Sovereign that was to fall, named the assassin, prepared the poisons, or sharpened the dagger.'

The Russian authorities took these sensational claims very seriously. They suspected that Grabianka, who held the lofty title of 'King of the New Israel' within the society, was fomenting revolutionary sentiment in support of both Polish sovereignty and Napoleonic France. ...
No formal sentence was ever passed against Grabianka, as he died in prison on October 6, nine months to the day after first being arrested. ...

he underwent lengthy interrogations - along with Nicolas Simonin and Francois Leyman, two fellow members of the New Israel Society
... Consequently, the Russian authorities catalogued a wealth of evidence, including detailed statements by Grabianka, Leyman and Simonin, as well as notebooks that recorded, among other things, the prophecies of the Sacred Word ...
The officials overseeing the case also recorded the key accusations levelled against Grabianka, as well as providing a summary of the proceedings for the benefit of Emperor Alexander. ...
In 1860, Mikhail N. Longinov wrote a biographical article on Grabianka in which he evidently made use of documents from the fonds, although he provided no references. In recent years, Andrei I. Serkov has referred to the documents in his work on Russian Freemasonry ...

Indeed, a study of the New Israel Society's links with Russia between 1788 and 1807 goes some way to bridging the gap between the first wave of so-called 'Martinism' in Russia in the mid-1780s, and Alexander I's embrace of millenarian mysticism in the wake of the invasion of Napoleon's Grand Armee in 1812 ...
document compiled by Pierre Pechard Deschamps, a French legal referendary working for the Committee of General Security, who had also been Novosil'tsev's secretary since 1799.

... eighteen points in his case against Grabianka, nine of which directly related to Russia.

These are:
1.

Over the course of nineteen years (since 1788), Grabianka had collected prophecies containing violent pronouncements against Russian sovereigns.

2.
Among these, in one God allegedly prophesied the destruction of the Russian Empire and the murder of the tsar.

3.
The society had sent a messenger to the Russian Emperor, that is, Paul Petrovich (1754-1801), in order to convince him to pray and to convert him into a fellow zealot and to emulate the role of Jacob. This would seemingly be a reference to Isaiah ...

4.
The leaders of the New Israel Society in Avignon had hatched a terrible conspiracy against Catherine II.

5.
The Empress unmasked the plans of the sectarians, but they continued to operate in Avignon and Paris.

6.
The four leaders of the sect had arrived in Russia and drawn close to notable Russians.

7.
Tadeusz Grabianka arrived in Russia and created a sect in which he hoped to enrich himself by attracting new initiates.

8.
The laws and oath of the sect were directed against the Greek faith and the state.

9.

The leaders of the sect were under the direction of Russia's enemies and the society was prepared for the second coming of Christ and to rule over the people.

The Russian authorities' persistent line of inquiry regarding the New Israel Society's alleged plot to assassinate Catherine the Great and their general prophetic pronouncements against Russian sovereigns can be traced to a specific question posed to the Oracle in Avignon on October 14, 1788. On this day Francois-Louis de la Richardiere, a Parisian physician and leading member of the society, asked the Archangel Gabriel whether it approved of him instigating correspondence with a certain Madame Le Maire d'Attigny in Russia.

The answer he received was that d'Attigny should leave Russia if she did not wish to perish, as the archangel would soon ravage the whole empire and would strike down the sovereign with a sword. This would apparently give her what she had deserved some twenty years earlier.

... Madame Le Maire d'Attigny followed the advice of the Oracle, as she did indeed leave St. Petersburg, where, according to Grabianka's testimony, in 1788 she had been employed as a governess in various families. In November 1789, a Swedish nobleman, Gustaf Reuterholm, noted that d'Attigny had made her way to Avignon from Petersburg and had been initiated.
... Madame d'Attigny, as she was one of the leaders of the sect who came to reside in St. Petersburg prior to Grabianka's arrival in the city. It was precisely at the time that the Oracle began making ominous prophecies about the fate of Russia that the society in Avignon initiated its first Russian:
Sergei Ivanovich Pleshcheev (1752-1802).
Pleshcheev's arrival in Avignon in the autumn of 1788 marked the culmination of something of an odyssey through France and Switzerland in which he sought out the foremost Illuminist sages of the era:
Saint-Martin in Strasbourg,
Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730-1824) in Lyon, and
Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) in Zurich, among others.

Pleshcheev, an officer in the Russian navy and a Freemason since at least 1776, was a close confidante of Grand Duke Paul and had helped plan for, and escorted the Russian heir on, his Grand Tour of Europe in 1781-1782. Moreover, he journeyed to Avignon with Paul's mother-in-law, Friederike Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Wurttemberg (1736-1798), who was herself initiated into the society. On November 4, 1788, Richardiere asked the Oracle whether Pleshcheev could joint heir union. The Oracle replied affirmatively. Consequently, Pleshcheev underwent an extraordinary nine-day initiation ... referred to as Mont Thabor - near Avignon. On the first day, Pleshcheev and members of the society ascended to the summit of the hill.

...
Amazingly, the written records of a conversation between Emperor Paul and Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1732- 1798), the last Polish king, which took place on September 15, 1797, suggest that Pleshcheev had indeed revealed a great deal about the New Israel Society to the Russian heir-apparent.

Paul describes in highly favorable terms to Poniatowski how he heard of the 'Avignon brotherhood' about 'eight years ago' and that 'they live very devoutly'.
He added that he was told that 'in 1800, after terrible earthly strife, a full peace will occur that will come from the North'.

Paul also confessed to Poniatowski that he was 'awaiting the advance of these great upheavals, which ... are near'.

Thus, Pechard-Deschamps had good grounds to accuse the New Israel Society of pronouncing violent prophecies against the Russian Empire and her sovereigns, as well as sending a messenger to try and convert Paul.

... According to Grabianka, the society suspended activities in Avignon on October 28, 1800, after a turbulent decade and as a result of dwindling membership. Five years later, not only Grabianka, but also
three other leaders of the society were resident in St. Petersburg:

Baron Louis Dagobert Adolphe Emmanuel Lefort (b. 1764), the Chancellor of the society and a distant relative of Franz Lefort (1655-1699);

Madame Le Maire d'Attigny (born ca 1742), the Great Mother;

and Nicolas Simonin, the Interpreter of Dreams. ...

At the same time, geopolitical factors brought St. Petersburg firmly into Grabianka's orbit. Indeed, since the Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1793, Grabianka, as a Podolian nobleman, had officially been a Russian subject. Thus, when he sought to return to his family estate in October 1802, he sought a passport to travel from Arkadii Ivanovich Morkov (1747-1827), the Russian Ambassador in Paris, which he duly received.

... Grabianka spent two and a half years in Podolia, where he was able to utilize the support of at least three local noblemen:

Josef August Illinskii (1766-1844);
Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (1752-1805);
and
Marcin Tarnowski (1778-1862), his nephew, whose parents had been consecrated into the New Israel Society in Berlin in 1779.

Illinskii, in particular, was able to offer abundant financial support as well as fervent belief in Grabianka's mission. Indeed, Grabianka wrote to brethren in Avignon that Illinskii had prophesized that he would 'be in possession of his lands before the following May 18'.
This referred to Grabianka's goal of being elected Polish king as a necessary step toward being crowned the king of New Israel.

Moreover, Grabianka was able to reside in Illinskii's home in St. Petersburg which was located near the Kharlamov Bridge over the Catherine Canal (now the Griboedov Canal), when he decided that 'it will be possible to find more sources and more means of undertaking and completing something [when] living in the capital, near the Court'.
On arrival in Petersburg in August 1805 along with Simonin, Grabianka was able to consolidate a support network that Lefort and d'Attigny had developed since 1802. Lefort was the first of the society's leaders to arrive in Petersburg, on September 1, 1802. In the capital he quickly became reacquainted with

Sofia Stepanovna Razumovskaia (1746-1803),

Louis de la Forest Divonne (1765-1838),

and Rodion Aleksandrovich Koshelev (1749-1827),

who all shared his theosophical outlook.

Indeed, Divonne was a fellow initiate of the New Israel Society. Furthermore, Lefort soon took on the position of governor of the children of Natal'ia Fedotovna Pleshcheeva (1765 -1855), the widow of Pleshcheev, who had died in early 1802. We do not know the precise role of Pleshcheeva in the New Israel Society, but Grabianka did write at the time that the widow had 'rendered small services to me'.

A contemporary, Matvei Matveevich Muromtsev (1788-1879), also noted many years later that Pleshcheeva hosted Grabianka and that many meetings of the society took place in her home.

In 1804, Lefort also secured a position for d'Attigny as governess in Pleshcheeva's household. Soon, however, d'Attigny appears to have retired from service and was able to take up residence in the home of
Mariia Antonovna Naryshkina (1779-1854) / NARYSZKIN, the Polish mistress of the Emperor.

Intriguingly, Grabianka wrote that 'I am convinced for several reasons to think that she [d'Attigny] did not arrive there [in Naryshkina's home] for nothing. God will do with her what he wants'.

In 1805, Simonin too secured a position as governor of the children of Pavel Petrovich Ushakov (1779-1853) in the Mikhailovskii Palace.
Although Lefort left Petersburg in August 1806 in order to accompany Pleshcheeva and her daughter to Lausanne, Grabianka wrote that he had only been 'necessary until I arrived in St. Petersburg'.
We do not know whether Naryshkina or Ushakov were active members of the New Israel Society, but whatever the case they did help to provide a means for d'Attigny and Simonin to proselytize among the Petersburg nobility.

By December 1806 Grabianka was able to boast of his popularity among the Petersburg elite. ... Grabianka also succeeded in winning over the influential support of the preeminent Petersburg Freemason Aleksandr Fyodorovich Labzin, as well as the other brethren associated with the Dying Sphinx Lodge ... including Grigorii Maksimovich Pokhodiashin (born ca 1760) and Aleksandr Alekseevich Lenivtsev (d. 1818). In effect, Grabianka succeeded in winning over the ...
Petersburg's Illuminist Masonic community.

At the time Labzin first became acquainted with Grabianka, he was not only the Grand Master of the Dying Sphinx Lodge but was also the foremost publisher of mystical literature in Russia.
Between 1801 and 1806 Labzin translated and published a series of key works of contemporary Christian mysticism by Karl von Eckartshausen (1752-1803) and Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling (1740-1817). ...

In attracting Pokhodiashin to the New Israel Society, Grabianka also secured the support of a figure who, according to M. K. Longinov, held 'important significance in the history of Martinists' in Russia in the late eighteenth century.

From the early 1780s Pokhodiashin became one of the most loyal supporters of Nikolai Ivanovich Novikov (1744 -1818), providing crucial financial support over many years. ...".


During 1795-1799 period, the initiation hierarchy was established by TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, and the temple of the Avinion Illuminati was modeled on the Solomon Temple.

In 1799, Tadeusz Grabianka left France and he went to the AUSTRIA = Galicia for a short time, and then to Russia in 1802 in Ukraine, then in St Petersburg. There he entered the circle of aristocracy.

Tadeusz Grabianka in 1802 found himself in Russia, i.e. in Ukraine.

In the autumn of 1804, Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanisław Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

"... Indeed, since the Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1793, Tadeusz Grabianka, as a Podolian nobleman, had officially been a Russian subject. Thus, when he sought to return to his family estate in October 1802, he sought a passport to travel from Arkadii Ivanovich Morkov (1747-1827), the Russian Ambassador in Paris, which he duly received.
... Tadeusz Grabianka spent two and a half years in Podolia, where he was able to utilize the support of at least three local noblemen:
I.
Josef August Illinskii (1766-1844) = JOZEF ILINSKI;
II.
Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (1752-1805);
and
III.
Marcin Tarnowski (1778-1862), his nephew, whose parents had been consecrated into the New Israel Society in Berlin in 1779".

I.

Josef August Illinskii = Jozef August Ilinski.

See:

Izydor Borovsky / Isidor Borowski in 1776 born in Warsaw, Poland - d. 1837 or 1838, his mother was a Jew and his father was a Polish nobleman (the illegitimate son of Prince Radziwill ?); 1794 under Kosciuszko in Poland; 1797 in Italy - the Polish Legions; in 1801 - 1802 / 1803 at Haiti served the French Army. Borowski developed great military abilities in the service of that warlike prince, and took for him the strong town of Cochan in Khorassan. Later he took the castle of Sarakhs and made prisoner the leader of the Turkomans. After the death of Abbas in 1833, Borowski gave most essential assistance to Abbas' son, Mohamed Mirza (Muhammad / Mahmud 1834), and enabled him to ascend the throne of his grandfather. The English were behind most of the military undertakings of the Persians in those days, and Borowski was looked upon as an English general, and even wore the uniform.
But he forsook the interests of the British government and joined the Russian party in Persia, and was shot at the siege of Herat (war 1838 against the Turkmens; but close to Herat in 1836 fought Count Antoni Aleksander Ilinski).

Note:

In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805.

Jozef August Iliński born in 1766, General, the owner of Zytomierz until 1796, supporter of IGNACY POTOCKI;

the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński;

Jozef August Ilinski married to Antonina Leonora Komorowska 1770-1838, the daughter of
Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski, born in 1697 or in 1724 - died in 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawłowska;

the granddaughter of Michał Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670

{Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670, and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].
Michał Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.

Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670- 1719 and
Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska
[Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka;
they had all 4 sons: above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski; above named Ignacy Komorowski; Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice; and Piotr d. 1747}.

II.

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski / Count Marcin Amor Tarnowski, born in 1778 in Kozin.

Kozin / Kozyn, in the ROWNO county, close to Radziwillow. The estate belonged to Hojski / Gojski; Firlej; and to Tarnowski - that is Jan Amor Tarnowski met here, in the palace, King Stanislaw August, in 1787 on the way to Kaniow to the Empress Catherine II. And belonged to Kajetan Amor Tarnowski - inf. of 1738. After the partitions, the Kozin commune was in the Volhynia Province.

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, d. 1862; he served the 16th Cavalry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy, and the 3rd Horse Rifles of the Congress Kingdom - the Galician campaign when the Tarnowskis formed an regiment; the campaign of 1812 under General Latour-Maubourde [Rohaczow, Smolensk, Dubrowna, Mozajsk, Kaluga and Borysow], and the campaign in 1813.

Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society.
The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.
Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator, the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794, son of mentioned Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianki from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.
He started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga. In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski; in Stryj and Sambor; Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamowka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Konigstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden. He was taken prisoner (November 8); the army of the Kingdom of Poland, on January 20, 1815, he commanded the 3rd Rifle Division of the Kingdom of Poland. However, he resigned on December 9, 1815.

He settled in Wolyn, where he was active member of the Patriotic Society, 1821, as the head of the Volhynia province, as its president, he was also the vice-president of the central committee for the Kiev, Podolia and Wolyn provinces, whose formal president was KAROL PROZOR; Marcin Tarnowski knew about the contacts of the Society's emissaries with the Russian decembrists.

MARCIN TARNOWSKI was arrested in 1826; transfered several times to the prisons of Warsaw and St. Petersburg (here he sat in the Pietropavlovsk Fortress). He tried to suicide in prison (1827); his wife Zofia Tarnowska fell into oblivion.

Finally sentenced to a month of fortress and year of police supervision. In 1829 he returned to Wolyn;
on the eve of the November Uprising in 1831, he was taken back to Russia, he was sent to Skier; released after a few years, he settled in his Podberezka palace in the village of Berezka near Krzemieniec in Ukraine;

in 1854 he supported the plans of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. He became the marshal of the nobility in Krzemieniec.

Shortly before his death he came to Krakow [compare the TEMPLARS and General Franciszek Paszkowski !]. He died on November 20/21 or 22, 1862 in CRACOW.

The Scytheman's society = KOSYNIERZY, headed by Denerowski, with senior officers of the Polish army, such as Mielzynski and Uminski, Marcin Tarnowski from Wolyn, Lukasinski. Olizar in his Memoirs called the Patriotic Society - as the Society of Kosynierzy = SCYTHEMAN. The Russians suggested that the Poles join in a conspiracy against the imperial family; the Poles replied that they fought for the freedom of the country, but do not want to make secret conspiracies against the regime of the state in Russia.
The commanders in 1807 were recently Jacobins' conspirators in Galicia: Kazimierz Rozwadowski; Gabriel Rzyszczewski; Colonel Marcin Tarnowski.
Jan Amor Tarnowski born in 1735 in Krasnobrod, died ca 1799, General major of the Crown troops, captain of the National Cavalry of 1775-1783, count, poet and philosopher,
was the father of Marcin.

JAN was the son of KAJETAN AMOR TARNOWSKI.

Jan Amor, Count Tarnowski, lived also in Markuszewa / Markuszow / Markuszew - a settlement in Poland, in the Pulawy district.

KAROL PROZOR was Freemason in 1808, and two years later he was at the head of the Lithuanian lodge. In 1812, after the beginning of the Napoleonic campaign, PROZOR and his family stayed with their sister Marianna Bykowska (died in 1833) in the Mahilyow governorate.
He was appointed to the five-person Government Committee of the Lithuania, appointing him a Treasury Minister. The confederation was signed in Mogilev; Napoleon received the delegation coldly.

In 1821 Karol Prozor joined the Patriotic Society and he was elected to the so-called Provincial Council in Lithuania. He acted with Michał Romer in Poprawy near Vilnius. Soon after, he was appointed by Marcin Tarnowski as the president of the Central Committee of three provinces: Podolia, Wołyń and Kijow.

We back to the genealogy of CONSPIRATOR, Marcin Tarnowski:
Jan Amor Tarnowski, b. 1735, the son of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski and Anastazja Bogusz / Bohusz / Anastazja Anna Tarnowska, 2 voto Jozef Mier; Jan was the half-brother of Albert Mier.

Named Kajetan Amor Tarnowski, born in 1706 in Tarnow, died in 1748; the son of Aleksander Dominik Amor Tarnowski, Count, and Marianna.
Father of Aleksandra Strojnowska; Jan Amor Tarnowski; Fortunat Antoni Tarnowski; and Marianna Mier.

They have genealogical - family relationships to Henryka Komorowska (Mier) b. 1840 in Szufnarowa; the daughter of Tytus Mier; the wife of
Wojciech Jerzy Edward Komorowski Count;
mother of Jerzy Komorowski; Maria Magdalena; Stefan Komorowski and Adam Graf von Liptowa und Orawa-Komorowski.

And they have genealogical - family relationships to Adam Graf von Liptowa und Orawa-Komorowski b. 1864 in Zywiec;
they come from Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, the son of Michal Jozef Komorowski.

Explanation:

Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1724-1781 = Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, the grandson of Michal Jozef Komorowski [NOT son !].

Note:

Teresa Oziemblowski, m. Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758
[Bartlomiej had son Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723 in South Moravia; - see President Bronislaw Komorowski; and daughter Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Pilsudska !]
who was son of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1680 and Zofia Polanska;
and grandson of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660.

Compare the lines in the genealogy of the Komorowski family:

Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of mentioned Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781,
who was the grandson or the son of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670,
and grandson of Jan Komorowski OLDEST, b. ca 1640 - 1700,
who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].

Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd. Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670- 1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska [Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka; they had all 4 sons: above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski; above named Ignacy Komorowski; Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice; and Piotr d. 1747.

Franciszek Komorowski b. 1723 was Antoni's grandfather.

Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska Komorowska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajuralis, close to Silale, and died in 1791 in Silale, the Taurage County, Lithuania.
Franciszek Pilsudski / Pilsudzki was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below}
- she was mother of Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz.

And we back to the PILSUDSKIS:

Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Pilsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)

[with son - above named Franciszek Pilsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Ronne / Roenne / RONNE, barons - see OGINSKI !}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + above Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707} and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Pilsudski + Helena Strutynska; and great-grandson Stanislaw Pilsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyc]

was brother of Roch Pilsudski b. ca 1680 + Malgorzata Pancerzynska who had son
Kazimierz Ludwik Pilsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Dss Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

Mentioned above
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski - b. ca 1750 / 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska;
oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka was died !;
next brother Colonel Jozef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie.

III.

Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751):

In 1799, Tadeusz Grabianka left France and he went to Galicia for a short time, and then to Russia in St Petersburg. There he entered the circle of aristocracy;

in the autumn of 1804, Grabianka found himself in Tulczyn with Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki (born 1751).

The first on JAN Potocki:

in 1785, Jan Potocki in Warsaw married Julia (1767-1794), the daughter of Izabela Lubomirski and the cousin to Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (1770-1861). They moved home to Paris for 2 years. 1786, was born Alfred (1786-1862). Potocki make friends with Lady de Stahl.

In 1787, was born Artur POTOCKI (1787-1832), the TEMPLAR.

Jan Potocki come to Spa, with Anna Teresa and Lady de Genlis [see below]. Potocki stayed in Antwerpia, then in England; back to Paris.

1788 - JAN POTOCKI met Stanislaw August the King.
Moved to Ukraina; met Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki; he, in Lublin, met Seweryn Potocki.
In Poznan and Sroda - he is elected a Great Poland deputy.
JAN Potocki corresponds with his brother-in-law, Ignacy Potocki; Jan inherited together with Seweryn Potocki the property of Jozef Potocki and Wincenty Potocki in Ukraine. In November, a political club with 150 members was founded in Warsaw.

Remember -
Aleksandra Potocka, with nick-name Aleksandryna

(1818-1892, born in St Petersburg, the daughter of Stanislaw Septym Potocki;

the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki 1751-1805;
the great-granddaughter of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, 1700-1772,
who was the son of Jozef Potocki (died 1723), and grandson of Feliks Kazimierz "Szczesny" Potocki (1630-1702), the great-grandson of Stanislaw "Rewera" Potocki, 1589-1667),

married her cousin August Potocki

(= August Aleksander Potocki b. 1805; the son of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778; the grandson of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki b. 1755; the great-grandson of Eustachy Potocki born in 1720; the great-great-grandson of Jerzy Potocki who was the son of Feliks Kazimierz Potocki 1630-1702, and grandson of Stanislaw Rewera Potocki).

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice
[I had explained incorrect inf. on Jerzy Dunin-Wasowicz of the 18th century].

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892]

(K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogrod.
LUBUSZANY - 13 km to MIEZONKA),

to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz

(born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! - the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN; the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA; the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze;
the great-great-granddaughter of Jozef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn),

the wife of the Galicja governor - Andrzej Potocki.

IV.

"... Pleshcheeva hosted TADEUSZ Grabianka and many meetings of the society took place in her home.

In 1804, Lefort also secured a position for d'Attigny as governess in Pleshcheeva's household. Soon, however, d'Attigny appears to have retired from service and was able to take up residence in the home of Mariia Antonovna Naryshkina (1779-1854) / NARYSZKIN, the Polish mistress of the Emperor.

Intriguingly, Grabianka wrote that 'I am convinced for several reasons to think that she [d'Attigny] did not arrive there [in Naryshkina's home] for nothing. God will do with her what he wants'.

In 1805, Simonin too secured a position as governor of the children of Pavel Petrovich Ushakov (1779-1853) in the Mikhailovskii Palace.

Although Lefort left Petersburg in August 1806 in order to accompany Pleshcheeva and her daughter to Lausanne, Grabianka wrote that he had only been 'necessary until I arrived in St. Petersburg'.

We do not know whether Naryshkina or Ushakov were active members of the New Israel Society, but whatever the case they did help to provide a means for d'Attigny and Simonin to proselytize among the Petersburg nobility".

Maria Antonovna Naryshkina / Maria NARYSHKIN, 1779 - 1854, nee Princess Maria Czetwertynska- Swiatopelk,
was a Polish mistress of Tsar Alexander I of Russia for 13 years.

She was the daughter of the Polish prince Antoni Stanislaw Czetwertynski-Swiatopelk and his wife, Tekla Kampenhausen. In 1795, she married Dmitry Lvovich Naryshkin. In 1799, she entered into a relationship with Alexander, who became tsar in 1801. Alexander was persuaded to leave her in 1818. Her son was: Emanuel Naryshkin (1813 - 1901).

Mentioned
Prince Antoni Stanislaw Czetwertynski-Swiatopelk (1748-1794),
was the son of Wlodzimierz Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski and Teresa. Mentioned Wlodzimierz Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski b. 1720, was the son of
GABRIEL = Gavriil, b. ca 1680 + BARBARA STEMPKOWSKA [Stepkowska]. Gabriel Czetwertynski, the Braclaw official in 1715; his parents:
Waclaw Czetwertynski + Ludwika Wojna-Oranska. WACLAW Swiatopelk / Waclaw Czetwertynski, b. ca 1630/1635, the owner of Stara Czetwertnia, Zyczyny, and of Utejkowszczyzna in 1662 in the Czerniechow province,
the son of Hrehory Czetwertynski + Marianna Wkrynska.

Hrehory Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski b. ca 1570, died ca 1651, was the son of prince Eustachius Czetwertynski = Eustachy.

Note 1 -

Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franciszka Maria Lubomirska born in 1793 in Warsaw; her father
Teofil Wojciech Zaluski + Css Honorata Igelstrom nee Stempkowska.

Note 2 -

Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 - the daughter of MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI 1680 - 1748 [died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila], and Teresa Rydzynska.

Granddaughter of WLADYSLAW Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719 [and DOROTA], who was the son of WALERIAN, and
grandson of Duke MICHAL Woroniecki and Konstancja Stempkowski;
they come from NASTAZJA and Mateusz Maciej Woroniecki b. ca 1570 ?.

Compare with:

Alexander Troubetzkoy, born 14 July 1813, General Major, his parents: Vassily Troubetzkoy b. 1776, died in 1841, and mentioned Sophia Marianna von Weiss b. 1795;

above Alexander married 24 November 1852 to Marie Eugenie Gilbert de Voisins / Voisin b. 1835, and his children: Margarita Troubetzkoy b. 1857 and Alexei b. 1866.

Above Vassily mother -
Elena Nesvizky / Helena Nieswiz b. 1746 died 1831 and his father Serguei / Siergiej Troubetzkoy died 1782,
grandfather Alexey TRUBECKI born 1700 and grandmother Anna Naryshkine / NARYSHKIN b. 1704;
great-grandfather Youri Troubetzkoy by wife Elena Tcherkasskaia / Tcherkassky.

Note:

Eugeniusz Lubomirski b. 1789, d. 1834, landowner of Dubrovno close to Orsha from his father KSAWERY Lubomirski; EUGENIUSZ was the son of
Ksawery Lubomirski / Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819, and Teofila Rzewuski / Teofila Beydo-Rzewuska 1762-1831.

Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski, born in 1747, d. in 1819, 2nd married to Maria Lvovna Naryshkina / NARYSHKIN, born in 1766.

Mentioned Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski born in 1747, was the son of Stanislaw Lubomirski, born in 1704, d. 1793, married in 1740 to Ludwika Honorata Pociej.

Above named Dubrowno in the Sienno (north-east of Miezonka) catholic area; the Orsha county, Moghilev government; at present in the Vicebsk oblast; 90 km to Vicebsk, 19 km north-east of Orsza / Orsha.


Additional explanations to the person of
Jozef August Ilinski, the Tadeusz Grabianka's supporter:

Jozef August Iliński b. 1760 or in 1766 in Romanow in the Zytomierz county, MP, senator, chamberlain, head of the grenadier regiment, Polish and Russian general lieutenant and the general inspector in 1792;
a Maltese bachelor in 1797.
Named Romanow / Romaniw / Dzerżynśk.
Jozef August Iliński born in 1760/1766, General
[Jozef was maybe a brother to ILIŃSKI Jan, b. 1754 - d. bef. 1814, emigrated. Jozef ILINSKI was the brother of Ludwika Giżycka, and the half brother of Kajetan Aksak, Agnieszka Skarbek and Jozef Dąmbski, Count. Acc. to Myszkowski:

August Jozef Iliński was born on 18.08.1766 in Romanow, and had sibilings:
1.
Janusz Stanisław Iliński b. 1765, Romanow; killed in 1792, Markuszew; Chamberlain of the Polish King Stanisław August in 1785, captain of the national cavalry, General Inspector of Cavalry in 1789, the deputy of the province of Kijow in 1791.
2.
Anna Maria Ilińska b. ca 1765, 1st m. Franciszek Zabierzowski, Chamberlain of the Polish King Stanisław August in 1786; 2nd she was married to Franciszek Ksawery Brockmann.
3.
Ludwika Ilińska b. ca 1766, married Bartłomiej Giżycki d. 1827, Mołoczki, 56 km SW to Żytomierz; General, the nobility Marshal in Volhynia in 1825, the son of Kajetan Giżycki, the grandson of Bartłomiej GIZYCKI, b. 1682].

August Jozef Ilinski was the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński, born in 1731 in the DUBNO parish + Jozefa Wessel
[Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński was the owner of Romanow, the Zytomierz official, MP of Kiev, in 1779 Count;
m. 1st Marianna Jozefa Wessel 1 voto Jan Aksak;
m. 2nd Katarzyna Bielska the daughter of Jozef Bielski b. ca 1700;
m. 3rd to Anna Jakoba Braconnier.

Jan Ilinski was the son of Kazimierz Iliński born ca 1670/1690, died in 1756 in DUBNO, and Anna Suszczewicz].

Above KAZIMIERZ ILINSKI - the owner of Romanow / Romaniw ca 1710 ?; Kazimierz Iliński the owner of Romanow and Kureń / Kurne, in 1722 Colonel.
Above Kazimierz was the son of Piotr Stanisław Iliński b. ca 1650, d. 1691;
Kazimierz was the Luck and Czernichow official, 1685, m. Zofia Skarbek.

Piotr was the son of
Aleksander Iliński b. ca 1620, the Czernichow official, 1659; Aleksander m. Regina Korczewska b. ca 1620, d. 1701.

Aleksander was the son of Iwan vel Jan Iliński b. ca 1580, m. Dorota Szczepanowska b. ca 1585.

JOZEF ILINSKI / Jozef August Iliński probably was born on 18th August 1760. He was owner of the Romanow palace; the palace was surrounded by a manor park, in which there was a three-meter granite monument in the shape of a pyramid [ILLUMINATI], dedicated to the memory of General Janusz Iliński who died in 1792 near Markuszow. In the second half of the nineteenth century the palace became the property of the Stecki family.

Above
Janusz Stanisław Iliński born in 1765 in Romanow, died on July 26, 1792 near Markuszow; General. In 1785 he became the chamberlain of King Stanisław II August. Supporter of the 3rd May constitution, member of the Congregation of Friends to the Government Constitution. Member of the General Staff of the Crown Army in 1792. During the Polish-Russian war in 1792 he arrived at the headquarters of Prince Jozef Poniatowski in Kurow. He got into a skirmish with the Russians at Markuszow, where he died.

All below acc. to 'myszkowscy.pl/ilinski.html':

Janusz Stanisław Iliński b. 1765 in Romanow, was the brother of
1.
Ludwika Ilińska b. ca 1765, m. Bartłomiej Giżycki.
2.
Anna Maria Ilińska 1st m. Franciszek Zabierzowski, 2nd m. Franciszek Ksawery Brockmann.
3.
and
JOZEF ILINSKI = August Jozef Iliński, b. 1766, Romanow, the main supporter of the ILLUMINATI; Polish and Russian General.

Jozef married 3 times - 2nd to
Antonina Leonora Komorowska, 1770 [?] - 1838, but acc. to me she [Eleonora Antonina Komorowska] was born ca 1755. She was married twice: 1st to
Jozef August Iliński, b. 1760 / 1766 - died in 1844 in Saint Petersburg;
2nd Antonina Komorowska was married to Piotr Litwinow in 1811; he was the Russian General; the Kamieniec Podolski governor.

Antonina was the daughter of Jakub Komorowski died 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawłowska, d. 1791 in Lwow.

Antonina Brygitta Pawłowska in 1782 married 2nd to Jozef Szeptycki of Stanisławow.

JOZEF ILINSKI born on 18th August 1760 [or 1766], had 2 sons:
1.
Janusz Iliński known as Jan Iliński, b. 1785, in Romanow, in the ZYTOMIERZ county. Died in 1860 in BRODY, the Lviv province.
Above JANUSZ / Jan Stanisław Iliński was the owner of Tajkury and Zahoroszce; Senator and Maltese bachelor, novelist and composer.
JANUSZ's children:
1.
Aleksander Iliński b. ca 1810; the owner of Oktawiny and Tajkury in Volhynia / Wołyń; Colonel in Russia, m. in 1863 to Franciszka Klaudia Kaszowska b. 1844, 2voto Edwin Drucki Lubecki.
2.
Joanna Ilińska b. 1830 or 1834 - d. 1900, Wisbaden;
1st she was married Stanisław Worcell;
2nd to Edward Keller.

3. Leonia Maria Eleonora Ilińska, b. 1835 in Kijow, m. Adolf Kaszowski.

Note:

Stanisław Gabriel Worcell b. 1799 in Stepan;
the CONSPIRATOR, the son of Stanisław Grzegorz Worcell b. ca 1760 and Anna Małgorzata Fergusson-Tepper. The grandson of Stanisław Worcell, the Halicz governor, 1740-1778 + Tekla Dunin-Borkowska.

Above Stanisław Gabriel Worcell b. 1799 was
the member of the Masonic Lodge. Participant of guerrilla fights in Volhynia. On August 11, 1831, decorated with The Silver Order of Virtuti Militari. In 1831, he was elected a deputy from the Rowno to the insurrectionary parliament. After the November Uprising he emigrated to France and England. First he was in the Polish Democratic Society, was removed in 1835, then he was founder of the Polish People's Group; the Union of Emigration; he returned to the Polish Democratic Society again. He was friends with Italian politician Giuseppe Mazzini!

His brother Mikołaj Worcell, imprisoned in 1827, was sent to a penal company in the Caucasus. Freed in 1843 and he came back to home; he was returned to the family estates confiscated after the November Uprising.

Stanisław Gabriel Worcell had a son Stanisław Worcell married Joanna Ilińska, 1830-1900.

2.
Janusz's brother was Henryk Iliński b. 1792 in Romanow, d. 1871, the son of Jozef August Ilinski and Eleonora Antonina Komorowska.

Above HENRYK ILINSKI:

the owner of Romanow
[ie. Romaniw, 51 km east-south-east to SLAWUTA - the Romanow palace of Jozef August Ilinski, at way from Połonne to Żytomierz],
m. Michalina Bierzyńska, 1794 - 1858,
the daughter of Adam Bierzyński

[Adam married Teresa Walewska, b. 1776, d. 1856, Stutgard],

the graddaughter of Onufry Bierzyński, b. ca 1730, d. 1783, Colonel + Ludwika Ponińska, d. bef. 1785.
Come from Maciej Bierzynski, b. ca 1710, the Wschowa official.

Above Teresa Walewska, b. 1776, d. 1856, was the daughter of Michał Walewski, 1735 - 1806 + Kasawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno.

Above MICHAL WALEWSKI:

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jabłonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of Michał Walewski

{Michał Walewski 1735/1740 - 1806; the son of Marcin Walewski

(Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733)

and Magdalena Antonina SZEMBEK

[Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, son of Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga; father of Paulina / Paula Oginska; brother of Jozef Eustachy Szembek, and Magdalena Antonina Walewska].

Michał Walewski 1735 or 1740 - 1806, Voivode of Sieradz 1785-1792.
Michal Walewski m. 2nd to Ksawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno, with children:
Teresa Walewska 1776 - 1856 m. Adam Bierzyński,
Karolina Teresa Walewska 1778 - 1846 m. 1st Aleksander Franciszek Chodkiewicz 1776 - 1838, m. 2nd to Aleksander Golicyn 1789 - 1858;
Jozef Walewski 1780 - 1813;
Hieronim Jerzy Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Cecylia Potocka 1783 - 1861.

Above named Michał 1735 / 1740 - 1806 m. 3rd to Szczęsna Feliksa Kokoszka-Michałowska 1770-1844.

Michał Walewski in 1788-1792 put forward the project of expansion of the Polish army to 100 000 soldiers; the Speaker of the Bar Confederation of Cracow province in 1771. A member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation, with Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
he was the son of Marcin Walewski / Martin (d. 1761) who married 1st to Antonina Magdalene Szembek b. circa 1710, d. 1744, daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.

Marcin Walewski married 2nd to Marcjanna Romer (d. 1761).

Jozefina or Jozefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz}

and Jadwiga

{above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska / Walewski, born 1740 / 1744 to Jozef Colonna-Walewski and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska. Jozef was born in 1700 / 1710, in Walewice. Jadwiga had brother Anastazy Colonna-Walewski. Jadwiga married Michal Walewski. Michal was born in 1735/1740/1750, officer in Sieradz}.

Note:

Antoni Michał Jabłonowski - CONSPIRATOR,
the prince in Ostrog, Maryampol and Podkamień; born 1793 in Warsaw - died 1855 in Annopol; member of the Council of State of the Kingdom of Poland, chamberlain of the emperor of the Russian Empire, prince of the Congress Kingdom in 1820; a Polish conspiracy activist to 1826.
Stanisław Paweł Jabłonowski and Teodora Walewska were the parents of Antoni.

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jabłonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of above named Michał Walewski.

Above
Antoni Jabłonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Łukasiński; In 1825, Antoni Jabłonowski negotiated with the Decembrists. After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
Ca 1810, Antoni Jabłonowski married Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech, the daughter of Michał Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch. Their daughter Dorota Jabłonowska married Stanisław Kostka Korwin-Krasiński, an officer of the November Uprising.

Mentioned above HENRYK ILINSKI had a daughter

Jadwiga Ilińska b. 1824, d. 1889 in Bursztyn, the lady-owner of Romanow, m. Henryk Jozef Michał Stecki - Olechnowicz, d. aft. 1895;

Jadwiga Ilinska STECKA had a son

Henryk Stecki b. 1847, the owner of Romanow and Sielce in the Zytomierz county, and of Wojtowce in the Nowogrodzki county; m. Henryka Kurzenicka, the daughter of Gustaw Kurzenicki + Oktawia Ilińska, the daughter of Jan Ilinski + Oktawia Morawska Ilinska.

ROMANOW -

in the Zytomierz county. Passed into the ownership of the Iliński in the eighteenth century, the village became a property of Kazimierz Iliński.
Jozef August Ilinski founded a steam mill and a large cloth factory in the village.
In the nineteenth century, the village became the property of the Stecki family.

The Ilinski family come from:
Iliński of the Żytomierz county.
Seweryn Iliński b. ca 1820 + Jadwiga Paczkowska.

We know on
Stefania Iliński (1841 - 1920) m. Władysław LASKI = Lasek, banker, in 1870 the President of the International Bank in St. Petersburg
[see below !].

Above Władysław Karol Jan Tadeusz Laski b. 1831.

Stefania Ilinska was the daughter of
Janusz Iliński / Jan Iliński, b. 1785 in Romanow;
the granddaughter of Jozef August Iliński b. 1760 [the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA !];
the great-granddaughter of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Iliński, b. 1731;
the great-great-granddaughter of
Kazimierz Iliński b. ca 1670, d. 1756.

Stefania Iliński (1841 - 1920) m. Władysław LASKI and they had 2 children:
Maria Lasek / LASKI, b. 1867 + Count Zygmunt Wielopolski;
Aleksandra Lasek / LASKI (1870-1909).

Wladyslaw Lasek / Wladyslaw LASKI was the son of Zofia Berta Tischler Laski / Lasek (1802-1870) and Zofia
was the daughter of Szmul Zbytkower!

Note 1:

Atalia Jozefa Adolfina Zbytkower Sonnenberg (1776-1850, was the wife of Karol Jan Laski, Polish banker of Jewish origin, and after his death in 1802, she was married to Samuel Fraenkel / FRENKIEL).

ATALIA was the daughter of banker Szmul Zbytkower!

Karol Jan Laski was the friend of Szmul Jakubowicz / Jozef Samuel Sonnenberg / Zbytkower, b. 1727 - d. 1801, the son of Jakub Awigdor.

Note 2:

Szmul Jakubowicz / Jozef Samuel Sonnenberg / Zbytkower, b. 1727 - d. 1801, the son of Jakub Awigdor.

Szmul was a Jewish merchant and supplier, banker, factor, protege of King Stanisław August Poniatowski; The Great Polish Patriot in 1794.
The friend of MICHAL PONIATOWSKI - see Maleszewski + Venture de Paradise and BREGUET.

SZMUL ZBYTKOWER was three times married.
By Wikipedia:
For the first time with a woman of an unknown name.
For the second time with Euprozyna Gabriel (1750-1836), with whom he divorced.
For the third time in 1799 with Judyta Bucky (died in 1829).
With his first wife he had two sons - Abel, from him descends the Pragier family, to which Adam Pragier belonged; and Berka.

With his second wife, he had a daughter, Atalia Jozefa Adolfina (1776-1850, wife of Karol Jan Laski, and after his death Samuel Fraenkel / Frenkiel).

With his third wife, he had three daughters -
Marianna Barbara Dora (1780-1830), Ludwika Rebeka (born 1781) and Anna (wife of 1. Łazarz Tischler - a Warsaw merchant, 2. Jozef Alekse Morawski (1791-1855) - senator, 1788-1828).

Granddaughter of Anna and Jozef Morawski was Franciszka Siedliska (blessed Maria from the Lord Jesus the Good Shepherd) founder of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth.


Note to named SZMUL:
"... His position at the royal court was extremely strong. His third wife, Judyta (Gitel) Jakubowicz Lewi, from Frankfurt by Oder, led a salon in Warsaw ... She was also regularly invited by the king for Thursday's dinners ...
After his death, Zbytkower's interests were taken over by his son Ber Sonnenberg. He founded the Bergson family, from which Henri Bergson, a French philosopher, came from...".

Insurgents of 1831 and they had estates confiscated by the Russians:
Iliński Antoni and
Xawery Ilinski;
Iliński Jan.

Note:

St. Petersburg International Bank - director A. I. ROTHSTEIN, a German by origin. A. I. Rothstein, a director of the Russo-Chinese Bank also. After LASKI / Ljasskij's death in 1889, Adolf Rothstein was assigned to director's board.

Stefania Iliński (1841 - 1920) m. Władysław LASKI = Lasek, banker, in 1870 the President of the International Bank in St. Petersburg.

Copyright by Sofya SALOMATINA of Moscow:

"... In the first part of the 1880s two banking groups competed for Russian issues ...

The first group's leader was DiscontoGesellschaft, the other active members being Mendelssohn & Co, Robert Warschauer & Co. and Deutsche Bank. The group included Petersburg International Bank and Russian Bank for Foreign Trade from Russian side.

Their rivals may be called as 'Rothschilds' group', including besides Rothschilds their allies:
S. Bleichroder, Berliner Handels-Gesellschaft and Lippmann, Rothenthal & Co.

In this alliance the Russian side was presented by Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company] and sometimes by Volga-Kama Commercial Bank. These groups united in 1887.

... Petersburg International Bank and Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank had approximately equal shares, although International bank usually acted as a leader of Russian group and kept syndicates' accounts in Russia. In 1888-1891 owing to barriers to Russian equities at German market the French group, led by Paribas, joined to Russian issues due to active role of banking house Hoskier E. & Cie, which had been able to opened French market for Russian equity throughout intermediary of International Bank in negotiation with the Russian Ministry of Finance. ...

The French side included ...
Credit lyonnais [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company] and Credit industriel et commercial ...

Petersburg International Bank and Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank acted as intermediaries between the syndicate and the Russian government, railway companies, mortgage institutions. ...

WLADYSLAW LASKI / Vladislav Ljasskij (1831-1889) and Discount and Loan Bank's director, Abram Zak (d. 1893) played the roles of financial advisers of Ivan Vyshnegradsky, the Russian minister of Finance in 1888-1892. The minister was suspected of close connections with 'Rothschilds' group'.

His no less close ties with International Bank arose before his appointment to ministerial post, when Vyshnegradsky executed duty of vice-chairman of the South-West Railways Society's board. International Bank provided the company with banking services. Sergei Witte, the successor of Vyshnegradsky as the minister of finance, began his private career at this railway company. International Bank enjoyed support or even auspices of government...

After LASKI / Ljasskij's death in 1889, Adolf Rothstein was assigned to director's position and he enabled to retain bank's privileged positions in the time of the Witte's ministry in 1892-1903. ...".

The eldest Pole among Polish military figures bef. 1917 in RUSSIA, was
general Jan Jacyna
who served in a "Main technical committee" of Navy Ministry in St Petersburg since 1891;
at a later date he acted, 1901 - 1917 as member on "the board of directors of government armouries" of the Navy Ministry (next War and Navy Ministry) in Petersburg;

since then he was near to problems of war industry in Russia, especially during - 1914 / 1917 - the First world war;

then (since 1915) he co-operated with "Military - industrial committee" composite of war industry's representatives and he ran up against suggestions of aeroplanes deliveries and aerial inventions (confer Jan Jacyna memoirs, vol. 1, p. 71);

General JAN JACYNA was the most known general in all Polish environments of St Petersburg at the beginning of the 20th cent., amidst military and industrial activists, social workers after the Bolshevik revolution, and also among the Polish active politicians in Russian parliament since 1905/06; he was near to the imperial Russian court; general Jan Jacyna evaluated figure of Wladymir Boncz Brujewicz wholy negative when paid a call on Lenin at the end of January 1918.

General Jan Jacyna kept in touch with e.g. Michal Szydlowski [see Sikorsky and Duflon & Konstantynowicz Company] and Karol Jaroszynski = Karol Yaroshinsky, who managed with a big loans especially during the First world war; about Jaroszynski see Shay McNeal, "The Plots to Rescue the Tsar", ed. London 2001.

Karol Jaroszynski / Karol Yaroshinsky
"(...) died in near poverty in 1928. His last years were spent in pain as a result of a poison needle having been jabbed into him at the opera in Paris at almost the same time as Sidney Reilly disappeared in the Soviet Union (in the 1920s).

(...) Before the Revolution, he had fallen in love with one of the Tsar's daughters (...).
Near to Krivoshein - the man who brought Yaroshinsky into the Allied banking scheme.

(...) Yaroshinsky was the financial benefactor to the Romanov family during the last days of their captivity in Tobolsk and Ekaterinburg in 1918. The man was involved with Henry Armitstead and Jonas Lied, who had been paid through the British Secret Service for activities in Northern Russia (1918)."

The Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company co-operated with the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank.

According to V. S. Solomko,
this St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank was a joint-stock commercial bank, opened in 1869, cooperating especially closely with the St. Petersburg International Bank by taking part "in the military industrial group to build submarines for the Baltic Navy.

The group included Lessner's Plant and Nobel's Plant in St. Petersburg, which played a leading role in the group, as well as Fenix, Atlas, and Gatchinsky Ironworks".

Guchkov Alexander Ivanovich b. 1862, political and public figure, banker and businessman, was Director of Moscow Discount Bank.
In 1907 and 1915, he was elected Member of State Assembly representing Industry and Trade, heading a defence Commission 1907-10.

In St Petersburg, he was a member of St Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank's board. From 1915, he was Chairman of the Central Military-Industrial Committee and a member of Special Meeting for defence.
At the end of 1916, he designed plans for dynastic coup,
acc. to A. G. Kalmykov.

The 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company' Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8:

Evgeny / Evgenij Evgienievich Armand - Chairman,

Nikolai Danilovich Liesienko who 1906 - 1914 represented the interests of the company in St. Petersburg,

L. F. Duflon who lived since 1908 in Switzerland,

Alexander E. Armand,

Sergei Gernet, the son of Pavel GERNET

and Emil I. Ramseyer - Swiss citizen, the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, chairman of the Board of the 'Atlas' Society in St. Petersburg;

his brother Ramseyer Y. I., Swiss citizen was also the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank and Director of the Company 'Sormovo'.


Let's try to think about where Tadeusz Grabianka actually stayed in 1799-1802 in Galicia. This matter requires very exact verification.

We can consider a dozen or so towns where Tadeusz Grabianka could possibly be in 1799 - 1802:

Przyborowice;
Radom;
Sedziszow;
Lownia / Lowina;
Wegrzynow;
Sreniawa;
Międzyrzec Podlaski - 1795-1809 in Austria;
Skeliwka = FELSZTYN;
Nawojna / Nawojowa and Zbyszyce of STADNICKI;
Podhorce and
Siedliszcze; and
OPOLE LUBELSKIE;
Zator;
Rymanow and Dukla.

Tadeusz Grabianka stayed in Galicia, that is in Austria, in 1799-1802. He left France in 1799, in the face of Napoleon Bonaparte's unfavorable attitude.

Let us remember that in 1799 Jozef Sulkowski died in Egypt, probably on Napoleon's orders.

After 1795, Austria occupied New Galicia, as well as the Galicia and Lodomeria from 1772. Galicja Nowa did not include Bystrzanowskie property in Bystrzanowice and Lgota Murowana of Kalinowski, which were in Prussia in 1795.

Then Grabianka traveled from Austrian Galicia to Russia, first on Ukraine and Wolyn, in 1802. It was not until 1805 that he went to the capital of Russia, to St. Petersburg, where Tadeusz Grabianka, the top Polish conspirator, was poisoned in prison in 1807.

However, some of the Bystrzanowskis were lived in the Austrian New Galicia since 1795 until 1809, then in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, 1809-1813, Russian occupation in 1813 and from 1815 these lands of the former New Galicia were now in the Polish Congress Kingdom - see above.

I.
See below on the Bystrzanowskis:

Pawel Bystrzanowski was the Czernichow official and he owned Dzbany, and Przyborowice / Przeborowice - 27 km south-west to Opatow.
Pawel's brothers:
Wojciech Bystrzanowski;
Jozef Bystrzanowski,
Lieutenant Jan Bystrzanowski - inf. in 1782 in Radom, m. Mlodzianowska.

Pawel's [+ Agnieszka Grzymala] sons:

1. Franciszek Bystrzanowski b. 1750, d. 1815 in Sedziszow [1795-1807 in Austria];

2. Stefan Bystrzanowski b. ca 1752, d. 1808;

3. Stanislaw Bystrzanowski b. ca 1754, the official in WISLICA [1795 in Austria] in 1792 + Wiktoria LUBANSKA.

Above Franciszek Bystrzanowski, 1750-1815:
owner of Lowina / Lownia [Lowina], and the official in Checiny in 1769 until 1810; m. Joanna Laskowska in 1775 in Zlotniki, with 3 or 4 daughters:
Katarzyna Fink,
Komornicka;
Anna Starowieyska,
Witkowska;
Joanna;
Aleksandra Zrebicka.

And above Franciszek's sons:
1.
Izydor Bystrzanowski b. after 1777, the owner of Lownia

[Lowina / Lowinia, close to Jedrzejow and south to Naglowice; and 9 km north-east to Sedziszow - east to Szczekociny and Lelow]

since 1807 + Ludwika LINOWSKA,
with a daughter Xawera / Ksawera Bystrzanowska, born 1808;

2.
Maksymilian Bystrzanowski in WEGRZYNOW [13 km north to Strawczyn, and north-west to Kielce] - inf. in 1837 in the Polish Kingdom + Magdalena KONARSKA

[Maksymilian Bystrzonowski and Magdalena Konarska, in Krakow, too; they came from the Lowina estate close to Sedziszow].

II.

Tadeusz Grabianka, on 28 November 1799, closed the TEMPLE in France;
he came to Czartoryski and Lubomirski; visited 1799-1802 in GALICIA.

He knew the daughter of Izabela Czartoryska (1746-1835).

The son of Tadeusz:
Erazm Grabianka was the official in Ploskirow, b. after 1770; m. Helena Skrocka; with
Martyna + Aleksander Zaleski - with
Maria Helena Zaleska 1863-1942 + Zdzislaw Aleksander Tytus Czartoryski 1859-1909.

Above Zdzislaw's great-grandparents:

Adam Kazimierz Joachim Czartoryski 1734-1823;
Michal Hieronim Radziwill.

Above
Adam Kazimierz Joachim Czartoryski was the General, acted in Podolia; MP; was born in 1734 - Gdansk; d. 1823 - Sieniawa.
The Field Marshal in 1805 in AUSTRIA.

SIENIAWA:

Adam Mikolaj Sieniawski, had a daughter Zofia Czartoryska nee Sieniawski; Zofia married in 1731 to August Czartoryski. In 1734 Sieniawa belonged to Czartoryski.
1772-1918 in AUSTRIA.

Adam Kazimierz Joachim Czartoryski, visited in 1755 Viena. In 1756 MP of LWOW.
1757 studied in England; MP in 1758, 1760 and in 1762. 1759 in St Petersburg. Married Izabela Flemming.
The Freemason.
The owner of Miedzyrzec Podlaski, then Aleksandra Potocki.

Adam Kazimierz Joachim Ambrozy Marek Czartoryski, as Daniel Belgram, b. 1734. The owner of Sieniawa - north to Jaroslaw - GALICIA !

PODHORCE:

In 1728, Podhorce inherited Waclaw Rzewuski, SENIOR.
1754, Rzewuski SENIOR bought Olesko, too. 1751, Podhorce was the main seat of Waclaw RZEWUSKI, for over 30 yeras.
At that time, he was married to Anna Lubomirska, with whom she had several children. During his stay in Podhorce, he protected Podole / Podolia against the Cossacks invasion and carried out the renovation of the castle.
He wrote poems and political trials. In the castle, he organized a theater;
founded an alchemist laboratory and printing houses.
In 1767 he went to the Parliament.
He did not return to his property. He was arrested by Russians and deported with his son and others senators to Kaluga, where he stayed for over 5 years. At that time Podhorce passed into Austria.

Waclaw Rzewuski SENIOR lived in the village of Siedliszcze, in the Chelm Lubelski area [1795-1809 to AUSTRIA].


III.

Siedliszcze passed into the hands of the Rzewuski family bef. 1700.
After Michal Rzewuski, this estate took Stanislaw Mateusz Rzewuski, in 1706 the field Commander, and in 1726 the great Commander of the Crown. After his death, the estate in 1728 was owned by his son Waclaw RZEWUSKI, senior, who in 1752 became a field Commander, and in 1773-1774 he was a great Commander. Waclaw Rzewuski is also known in history as a poet and playwright. In 1758 he sold Siedliszcze to the colonel Wojciech Weglinski, the Chelm Lubelski governor. Colonel Wojciech Weglinski built a new manor here.

PODHORCE

in 1865 was sold to Eustachy Sanguszko / Sanguszka; or in 1865 Wladyslaw Hieronim Sanguszko bought from Leon Rzewuski the Podhorce Castle, but in 1867 the Castle took over his son Eustachy Sanguszko.

And next CONSPIRATOR:

Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society.
The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.
Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator [see below !] in Austria.

Marcin Tarnowski was the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794, son of Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianka [see the ILLUMINATI of Tadeusz Grabianka] from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.

Marcin started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga. In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski; in Stryj and Sambor; Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamowka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Konigstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden. He was taken prisoner (November 8); the army of the Kingdom of Poland, on January 20, 1815, he commanded the 3rd Rifle Division of the Kingdom of Poland. However, he resigned on December 9, 1815.

He settled in Wolyn, where he was active member of the Patriotic Society, 1821, as the head of the Volhynia province, as its president, he was also the vice-president of the central committee for the Kiev, Podolia and Wolyn provinces,
whose formal president was KAROL PROZOR;

Marcin Tarnowski knew about the contacts of the Society's emissaries with the Russian decembrists; among CONSPIRATORS were:
Mikolaj Worcell,
Atanazy Grodecki,
Aleksander Prozor [?],
KAROL PROZOR,
Franciszek Zaleski,
Jan Lipski,
Narcyz Olizar,
Waclaw Rzewuski JUNIOR,
Aleksander Bledowski and many others.


IV.

ZATOR:

1772-1918 belonged to Austria.

1765 - the commander was Fryderyk Piotr Dunin, the son of Piotr DUNIN. 1772 the Castle took the Austrians. In 1778, Fryderyk Piotr Dunin bought ZATOR.

1805 - Anna Potocka, Dunin-Wasowicz, nee Tyszkiewicz gave her ex-husband Aleksander Potocki, the estate of ZATOR.

Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki, b. 1778, was the husband of Anna Maria Ewa Apolonia Dunin-Wasowicz [the daughter of Ludwik Tyszkiewicz b. 1748].

Note:

Aleksander Tyszkiewicz, 1748-1775, was the great-grandson of Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, 1668-1732,
who was the son of Kazimierz Jan Pawel Sapieha + Krystyna Hlebowicz,
and was the grandson of Pawel Jan Sapieha (1609-1665), the owner of Luboszany and Berezyna / Berezino.

Aleksander's brother was Ludwik Tyszkiewicz, 1748-1808, who married Dss Konstancja Poniatowska, the owner of BEREZYNO-LUBOSZANY, 1759-1830, the daughter of Kazimierz Jakub Poniatowski 1721-1800;
with the daughter
Anna Tyszkiewicz, POTOCKA, 1779-1867, the owner of BEREZYNO-Luboszany + Aleksander Stanislaw Ludwik Potocki, 1778-1845

[= Aleksander Potocki / Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki (1778-1845),
was the son of the third Prime Minister of Poland, Count Stanislaw Kostka Potocki, the FREEMASON, and his wife Aleksandra Lubomirska.
Stanislaw Kostka Potocki was the son of General Eustachy Potocki and Anna Katska, and was a brother of Ignacy Potocki],

with the son August Aleksander Potocki, 1805-1867 + Aleksandra Julia Potocka, 1818-1892.

August Aleksander Potocki b. 1805; the son of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778;
the grandson of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki b. 1755;
the great-grandson of Eustachy Potocki born in 1720;
the great-great-grandson of Jerzy Potocki who was the son of
Feliks Kazimierz Potocki 1630-1702, and grandson of
Stanislaw Rewera Potocki.

ZATOR:

1836 new Zator Castle;
in 1845 Aleksander Potocki died and the new owner was his son
Maurycy Potocki, the 1863 insurgent.

Maurycy Eustachy Ludwik Potocki b. 1812 - died in 1879 in Krzeszowice or in Paris in 1880, the landowner of BEREZYNA.
The son of mentioned above
Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778

{the husband of Anna Maria Ewa Apolonia Dunin-Wasowicz Potocka

[the daughter of Ludwik Tyszkiewicz b. 1748 in WILNO - Ludwik TYSZKIEWICZ was the owner of Poloziny in the IHUMEN county and BEREZYNA - LUBOSZANY (Luboszany took his wife Konstancja nee Poniatowska) in 1793 after Sapieha]

and Izabella Potocka MOSTOWSKA [her son Stanislaw Potocki Count, ca 1824 - 1887]. Partner of Aleksandra Stokowska}.

But the last owner of BEREZYNA

{Beata Terczynska inf. Maurycy Potocki was the owner of Berezyna in the 80's of 19th cent. ? - but we know
Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR and Lubuszany [when ?], and named Luboszany / LUBUSZANY took Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz, Potocka, of Krzeszowice, 1866-1952!

BEREZYNA belonged to above mentioned
Maurycy Eustachy Ludwik Potocki b. 1812 - died in 1879 in Krzeszowice or in Paris in 1880, and to his sons}

before 1916 until Dec. 1918 was Maurycy Stanislaw Potocki b. May 1894 in Jablonna, died in 1949
- the son of
August Adam Potocki b. 1847, died in 1905 in Warsaw - the owner of BEREZYNA Ihumenska

{a widow after death of August POTOCKI, in 1905 took ZATOR and maybe Berezyna [1905-1909];

she sold Zator in 1908; she sold Berezyna after 1909 to hands of her son - MAURYCY POTOCKI.

August Potocki also was the owner of JABLONNA.

Next owner of ZATOR in 1908 - Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz of KRZESZOWICE, and her son Adam Potocki, 1896-1966};

the grandson of Maurycy Eustachy L