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Zbigniew Brzezinski and the Order of the Illuminati.

Bogdan
Konstantynowicz

set out on July the 16th, 2016.



At the beginning a few words about Allen Welsh Dulles (1893 - 1969), an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence; Dulles graduated from Princeton University, where he participated in the American Whig-Cliosophic Society.
American Whig-Cliosophic Society / Whig-Clio's members:
William Paterson, founded the Cliosophic Society, Founding Father, signer of the Constitution, second governor of New Jersey, Supreme Court Justice; Oliver Ellsworth, Founding Father, drafter of the Constitution, drafter of the Judiciary Act of 1789; James Madison, Federalist Papers author, Father of the Constitution, fourth President of the United States; Woodrow Wilson; John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State, one of the most famous diplomats of the 20th century; Allen W. Dulles, second Director of the Council on Foreign Relations, first civilian CIA Director.

Above named Allen Welsh Dulles was head of the Central Intelligence Agency during the early Cold War, following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dulles was one of the members of the Warren Commission. Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, an international law firm headquartered in New York.
His older brother, John Foster Dulles, was the Secretary of State during the Eisenhower Administration.
"... His maternal grandfather was John W. Foster, who was Secretary of State under Benjamin Harrison, while his uncle by marriage, Robert Lansing served as Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson".

By Wikipedia:
"... Later in life Dulles claimed to have been telephoned by the then obscure Vladimir Lenin, seeking a meeting with the American embassy on April 8, 1917. ... There he had the opportunity to meet with Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Maxim Litvinov, and the leaders of Britain and France. ... The Soviet Union captured a U-2 in 1960 during Dulles' term as CIA chief. ... During the Kennedy Administration, Dulles faced increasing criticism. In autumn 1961, following the Bay of Pigs incident and Algiers putsch against Charles de Gaulle, Dulles and his entourage, including Deputy Director for Plans Richard M. Bissell, Jr. and Deputy Director Charles Cabell, were forced to resign. ... November 29, 1961, the White House released a resignation letter signed by Dulles". On November 29, 1963, President Lyndon Baines Johnson appointed Dulles as one of seven commissioners of the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of the U.S. President John F. Kennedy. The appointment was later criticized by some historians".

'The Pilgrims Society', founded in 1902, is a British-American society established, 'to promote ... peace between the United States and Great Britain'.
The elite membership of politicians and diplomats "... have included Henry Kissinger, Margaret Thatcher, Caspar Weinberger, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Henry Luce, Lord Carrington, Alexander Haig, Paul Volcker, Thomas Kean and Walter Cronkite ... Nelson W. Aldrich, Winthrop W. Aldrich, Admiral William J. Crowe, Allen W. Dulles, John Foster Dulles, W. Averell Harriman...", and Joseph P. Kennedy.
Named above Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Sr. (1888 - 1969) was an American politician, with his children: President John F. Kennedy (1917 - 1963), Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1925 - 1968), and Senator Ted Kennedy (1932 - 2009). He was a member of the Irish Catholic community. He was the Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. "Joe Kennedy Sr. was also part of several elite orders, such as the Knights of Malta and the Pilgrim Society, a highly secretive group that held within its ranks members including the Rockefellers, the Vanderbilts, J. P. Morgan, British Royals, various heads of the Skull and Bones society, Freemasons, Knights Templar and Presidents of the Federal Reserve Bank ... The Pilgrim Society is probably the most influential 'elite group' in existence".
By William Weston: "Another influential person in Freeport Sulphur was John (Jock) Whitney. He was a member of the pro-British, anti-American Pilgrim Society according to Congressman Thorkelson who made some remarks regarding the Pilgrims in 1940. Jock's father and grandfather were members of Skull and Bones and Jock himself was a knight of St. John of Jerusalem and honorary commander of the Order of the British Empire, according to Prof. Donald Gibson. He also belonged to the Metropolitan Club with Allen Dulles. That Freeport Sulphur is a representative client of Doyle Smith and Doyle highlights the conspiratorial significance of that mysterious law firm". In 2000, over 81% of Americans believed that JFK’s assassination was planned by more than just a lone gunman, making it one of the most widely accepted conspiracy theories in US history.
"...Kennedy's firing of Allen Dulles as head of the CIA alone is likely to have squared him with the Eastern Establishment. Dulles grew up with the Rockefeller family and became an executive of the Pilgrims Society, which has always been dominated by the major banks and think tanks in New York. The New York Times, Time magazine, Newsweek, CBS and other media outlets were part of this network". "...Helms came from an elite Pilgrims Society family, was close to the aristocratic Mellon family (Pilgrims; close to the Rothschilds and British royal family) during his term as director of the CIA, joined Bechtel as a consultant in 1978 and is known to have visited Henry Kissinger's birthday party in 1983, along with David Rockefeller (Pilgrims), Peter Peterson (Pilgrims), George Shultz (Pilgrims), Walter Cronkite (Pilgrims), LBJ's widow and Helmut Schmidt. Allen Dulles became an executive member of the Pilgrims Society and was a youth friend of the Rockefellers. John McCloy, who was appointed to the Warren Commission along with Allen Dulles, was another Pilgrim and major Rockefeller representative....".

At margin to above: Stephen Kinzer (born 1951) is an American author, his book, 'The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret War', delves into the personal beliefs and perspectives of the Dulles brothers and those associated with them.

An interesting fact is that in 1920, Ferdinand's (von Mohrenschildt) nephew Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, the older brother of George, arrived in the United States and entered Yale University.
"... His admission was likely smoothed by the connections of the Harriman family; Dimitri von Mohrenschildt after graduating from Yale, was offered a position teaching the exclusive Loomis School near Hartford, Connecticut, where John D. Rockefeller III was a student".

Above named John Davison Rockefeller III (b. 1906 - died in 1978) was a philanthropist, he was the eldest son of John D. Rockefeller Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. His siblings were Abby, Nelson, Laurance, Winthrop, and David.

Above
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (b. 1874 - d. 1960) was an American financier and he was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller. He is commonly referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior".

Above mentioned
David Rockefeller (born 1915) is an American banker, chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He is grandchild of John D. Rockefeller and Laura Spelman.
"... Displeased with the refusal of the Bilderberg meetings to include Japan, Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. The Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Trilateral Commission members, including Clinton himself; both Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush had consulted the think tank".

Above
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (b. 1928) is a Polish-American geostrategist, "... who served as a counselor to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 - to 1968 and was President Jimmy Carter's National Security Advisor from 1977 - to 1981. ... Brzezinski became Carter's principal foreign policy advisor by late 1975. After his victory in 1976, Carter made Brzezinski National Security Advisor. ... The State Department was alarmed by Brzezinski's support for East German dissidents and objected to his suggestion that Carter's first overseas visit be to Poland. He visited Warsaw, met with Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski (against the objection of the U.S. Ambassador to Poland) ... Brzezinski briefed U.S. vice-president George H. W. Bush before his 1987 trip to Poland that aided in the revival of the Solidarity movement. ... Brzezinski is married to Czech-American sculptor Emilie Benes (grand-niece of the second Czechoslovak president, Edvard Benes) ... His son, Mark Brzezinski (b. 1965), ... served on President Clinton's National Security Council as an expert on Russia and Southeastern Europe and who was a partner in McGuire Woods LLP, serves as the US ambassador to Sweden.
... Brzezinski co-founded the Trilateral Commission with David Rockefeller, serving as director from 1973 to 1976. ... Brzezinski selected Georgia governor Jimmy Carter as a member".
"On March 30, 1981, early into the administration, Reagan was shot and seriously wounded in Washington, D.C., George H. W. Bush, second in command by the presidential line of succession, was in Fort Worth, Texas, and flew back to Washington immediately...".
"... In 1985, under the Reagan administration, Brzezinski served as a member of the President's Chemical Warfare Commission. From 1987 to 1988, he [Zbigniew Brzezinski] worked on the U.S. National Security Council - Defense Department Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy. From 1987 to 1989 he also served on the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. ... In 1988, Brzezinski was co-chairman of the Bush National Security Advisory Task Force and endorsed Bush for president, breaking with the Democratic party. ...".

Leszek Moczulski, who toured Western Europe [December 1986] and the United States, on the 27th, April 1987, met vice president George Bush in Washington.
Vice President George H. W. Bush / George Walker Bush (born 1946) - an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009 and 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. "... He attended Yale University ... and a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon, ... became a member of the Skull and Bones society as a senior".

Delta Kappa Epsilon is the North American fraternity, members have included five Presidents of the United States: Rutherford B. Hayes, Theodore Roosevelt, Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush.

Skull and Bones is an undergraduate senior secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Among prominent alumni are former President and Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft, former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush; James Jesus Angleton, "mother of the Central Intelligence Agency"; Henry Stimson, U.S. Secretary of War, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett; John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State; Harold Stanley, co-founder of Morgan Stanley.

By Wikipedia:
"...Soros was born in Budapest, to a non-observant Jewish family. His mother, Elizabeth (also known as Erzsébet), came from a family that owned a thriving silk shop.
His father, Tivadar, (also known as Teodoro) was a lawyer ... and after World War I ... he escaped from Russia and rejoined his family in Budapest. ... Soros later said that he grew up in a Jewish home and that his parents were cautious with their religious roots. In 1936, his father changed the family name from Schwartz ("black" in German) to Soros (a successor in Hungarian or will soar in Esperanto). ... in March 1944 when Nazi Germany occupied Hungary ... Jewish children were barred from attending school by the Nazis, Soros and the other schoolchildren were made to report to the Jewish Council, which had been established during the occupation. ... I was told to go to the Jewish Council. And there I was given these small slips of paper ... It said report to the rabbinical seminary at 9 am ... And I was given this list of names. I took this piece of paper to my father. He instantly recognized it. This was a list of Hungarian Jewish lawyers. He said, "You deliver the slips of paper and tell the people that if they report they will be deported." Soros did not return to that job and went into hiding the next day.
Later that year, at age 14, Soros lived with and posed as the godson of an employee of the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture. The official was at one point ordered to inventory the remaining contents of the estate of a wealthy Jewish family that had fled the country; rather than leave Soros alone in the city, the official brought him along. ... 1945, Soros survived the Battle of Budapest, in which Soviet and German forces fought house to house through the city.
In 1947 Soros emigrated to England... In 1954 Soros began his financial career at the merchant bank Singer & Friedlander of London. ...
In 1956 Soros moved to New York city, where he worked as an arbitrage trader for F. M. Mayer (1956 - 59). ... From 1963 to 1973, Soros's experience as a vice president at Arnhold and S. Bleichroeder resulted in little enthusiasm for the job; ... In 1969 Soros set up the Double Eagle hedge fund with $4m of investors' capital including $250,000 of his own money. It was based in Curaçao, Dutch Antilles. ...".

George Soros at the turn of the 80s and 90s in Poland supported the reforms that have contributed to the consolidation of the post-communist structures. The financier came to Poland already on May 8, 1988; Soros met, among others, with gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, and the Prime Minister Mieczyslaw Rakowski. But actually the Stefan Batory Foundation was established earlier - Soros established the Stefan Batory Foundation on the 5 November 1987 in New York and legalized in the General New York Consulate of the People's Polish Republic. George Soros in the US, is known primarily as a critic of George Bush and the supporter of Barack Obama.
And at the same time the fight about money and influences lasted also on another front. "In June 1988, the European Council meeting in Hanover, Germany, set up the Committee for the Study of Economic and Monetary Union, chaired by the then President of the Commission, Jacques Delors, and including all EC central bank governors. Their unanimous report, submitted in April 1989, defined the monetary union objective as a complete liberalisation of capital movements, full integration of financial markets, irreversible convertibility of currencies, irrevocable fixing of exchange rates, and the possible replacement of national currencies with a single currency...", at http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance.
Professor Witold Kieżun wrote:
"On May 8, 1988, George Soros arrived to Poland. ... Then, [Jeffrey David Sachs] Jeffrey Sax, funded by George Soros, a young Harvard professor, arrived to Poland. ... he develops a program, which is now called the Balcerowicz program, but this is not the Balcerowicz program...", by http://journal-neo.org/ Jeffrey David Sachs born in 1954, "is an American economist and director of The Earth Institute at Columbia University, where he holds the title of University Professor...". In Poland advised on how to convert to a market economy, not on whether to be free-market like the US or social democratic like Scandinavia. Sachs worked in Poland intensive from April 1989 to end-1991.

"Kaupthing Singer & Friedlander was a financial services provider offering corporate and investment banking services to small and medium-sized companies, as well as wealth management services for high-net-worth individuals. Primary areas of activity were treasury, investment management, capital markets services, asset finance, and private banking. The company was created in August 2006 by the merger of Singer & Friedlander Plc and Icelandic Kaupthing Bank. The UK government put the company into administration in October 2008 in response to the failure of its parent as a result of the financial crisis of 2007 - 08.".
1907: Julius Singer founds London brokerage. 1920: The company is incorporated as Singer & Friedlander. 1957: The company is listed on the London stock exchange. 1963: Regional expansion occurs; a Birmingham office is opened. 1971: Singer & Friedlander (Isle of Man) Ltd. is launched. 1987: Singer & Friedlander becomes an independent bank. 1991: Collins Stewart is acquired.
1994:
Carnegie Group (Sweden) is acquired.
1998: The company exits from capital markets operations. 2000: The company spins off Collins Stewart. 2001: Carnegie Group is listed on the Swedish stock exchange.
Carnegie Investment Bank AB is a Swedish financial services group with activities in securities brokerage, investment banking, asset management and private banking. In the wake of the economic crisis of 2008 Carnegie Investment Bank AB was nationalized on November 10, 2008.
Carnegie was established as a trading company in 1803 when David Carnegie, Sr., a Scotsman, founded D. Carnegie & Co AB in Gothenburg.
The management of the company was later succeeded by Carnegie's nephew, David Carnegie Jr., who later returned to Scotland, leaving the company, which by then had considerable interests in brewing and sugar production, in the hands of Oscar Ekman.
David Carnegie, Sr. (8 February 1772, Montrose, Angus – 10 January 1837) was a Scottish entrepreneur who founded D. Carnegie & Co. in Gothenburg, Sweden, today known as Carnegie Investment Bank.
At geni.com:
David Carnegie Jr b. 1813 and died in 1890 in Stirling, Scotland; son of James Carnegie and Margaret Gillespie;
above James Carnegie b. 1773 and died 1851 was son of George Carnegie and Susan Scott; husband of Margaret Gillespie; father of mentioned above David Carnegie Jr.
Susan Mary Ann Carnegie 1819 - died 1859, daughter of above named David Carnegie Senior and Anna Christina Beckman; wife of above David Carnegie Jr.
Above David Carnegie Senior 1772 in Charleton, Fife, Scotland; died 1837 in Göteborg; son of George Carnegie and Susan Scott; husband of Anna Christina Beckman; father of Susan Mary Ann Carnegie; George Carnegie; David Carnegie and Maria Mathilda Carnegie; brother of James Carnegie and John Carnegie.

See: Fife, Scotland:
Andrew Carnegie b. 1835, a Scottish-American industrialist. Born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; he built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which he sold to J. P. Morgan in 1901; starting in 1853, Thomas A. Scott of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company employed Carnegie as a secretary / telegraph operator;
Thomas Alexander Scott b. 1823, an American businessman, railroad executive, was appointed in 1861 by President Abraham Lincoln as the U.S. Assistant Secretary of War during the American Civil War; Scott's protege Andrew Carnegie later challenged the Rockefeller monopoly in petroleum from his dominance of the steel industry.

More on Fife [south of Perth, and north of Edinburgh; east of Stirling!] and Stirling [RUTHERFORD; John Robison (1739 - 1805); Alexander Ramsay, Lieutenant to the 57th Bengal Native Infantry; Colin McVean and Mary Wood Cowan; Tillicoultry is located 18 km east of Stirling! Whitehill - 15 km south-east of Edinburgh], Scotland at my
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html More on the Global Network here:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan/Angela_Merkel_Bronislaw_Komorowski/John_Fitzgerald_Kennedy_George_von_Mohrenschildt/Templars_Illuminati_Freemasons/index.html
By David Swanson:
"... a primary influence on both of them in their peace philanthropy was the same person, a woman who met them both in person and was in fact very close friends with Nobel -
Bertha von Suttner.
... Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) and Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) lived in an era with fewer super-wealthy individuals than today; and even Carnegie’s wealth did not match that of today’s wealthiest. ... Both men had immigrated in their youth, Nobel from Sweden to Russia at age 9, Carnegie from Scotland to the United States at age 12. Both were sickly...".

TADEUSZ BRZEZINSKI was the father of Zbigniew Brzezinski:

Diplomat, Tadeusz Brzezinski, and Leonia nee Roman married Brzezinski, helped Jews escape Nazi Germany.
TADEUSZ's father - Kazimierz Brzezinski junior b. 1866 in Zólkiew, was son of Kazimierz Brzezinski senior and Zuzanna Mayer.

The genealogy of above mentioned
Kazimierz Brzezinski senior:

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law). Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850?
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins:
Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz,
and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer;
children remained with Maria after her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce.
Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michał Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.

Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [?? - Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 ! - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

General Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko / Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko was brother to Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko; Katarzyna Zólkowska and Anna Estka / Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka. Above Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko 1743 - 1789, married to Burniewicz, and was father of Aleksander Kosciuszko. Aleksander KOSCIUSZKO had the daughter Antonina Traugutt / Antonina Kościuszko, married 1st to Romuald Traugutt b. 1826, the commander of the 1863 Uprising; m. 2nd to Franciszek Mickiewicz b. ?, son of Aleksander Julian Mickiewicz. Aleksander Julian b. 1801 in Nowogródek, was brother of famous Adam Mickiewicz!
Adam MICKIEWICZ married Celina Szymanowska daughter of mentioned above Józef Szymanowski and Maria Agata Wolowska - Szymanowska / Maria Szymanowska / MARIANNA WOLOWSKA, famous composer. Above Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780. Named above Józef Szymanowski m. 2nd to Elżbieta Młodzianowska with daughter Zofia Szymanowska who married Teofil Lenartowicz, poet.
Above mentioned Lt. Colonel Romuald Traugutt (1826 - 1864) was a Polish general, October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection, headed the Polish national government on 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864, and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office; hanged on 5 August 1864.

Kazimierz Brzezinski junior studied in Zloczow, then in Lwow; 1889 back home to Zolkiew; 1894-1897 worked in Zloczow; married in 1894 in Zólkiew or in Zloczow, to Zofia Woroniecka daughter of Maksymilian WORONIECKI and Ernestyna Kropaczek. In 1896 was born son - above mentioned Tadeusz.
Tadeusz in 1928-1931, lived in Lille, then 1931-1935 in Lipsk, 1936 - 1937 in Charkow; 1938, Tadeusz and Leonia b. 1896 in Brzeziny close to Lodz, with sons: Adam, Zbigniew, Lech and Jerzy Zylinski, moved to New York, and Montreal.
Mentioned above wife of Kazimierz Brzezinski - Zofia, after death of her husband in 1924 in Przemysl, was living in BORUJA / Broruja / Borui in the Wolsztyn county; d. June 1941,
and buried in KROSNO [Laczki Jagiellonskie ?; now in Przemysl]; Laczki Jagiellonskie - village in the Krosno county.
Named above Ernestyna Woroniecka nee Kropaczek, b. ca 1850, was the wife of Maksymilian Woroniecki [born ca 1840; a branch of the Galicia Woroniecki clan from - ?? - Brzezany, Zloczow, Zbaraz], and the mother of Zofia Brzezinska.
Duke Dymitr Wisniowiecki restored the castle in ZBARAZ; after the death of Michal, voivode of Wilno, the last of the dukes Wisniowiecki (died 1774), Zbaraz and estates came under the ownership of the house of Potocki.
Above Zofia Brzezinska nee Woroniecka, maybe come from Wincenty Woroniecki (ca 1780 - 1826), Colonel [with dauhters Anna Woroniecka m. 1825 to Zygmunt Piotr Los, and Ignacja Woroniecka, m. Piotr Stadnicki of Zmigrod], or from Józef Woroniecki (ca 1807 - 1885, insurrgent of 1830 - 1831, Hungaria in 1848 - 1849, then in Turkey).
Mentioned above Zofia Brzezinska b. circa 1866 / 1870, died 1941 in BORUJA, west border of Poland, buried in Laczki Jagiellonskie, close to Krosno. Mother of Tadeusz Brzezinski and Bogdan Brzezinski. Above Bogdan Brzezinski was the father of Bronislaw Brzezinski b. 1909 in Krematorów, died 1990 in Góra Kalwaria. Above Kazimierz Brzezinski, Jr. b. 1866 in Zólkiew, died 1924 in Przemysl.
Named Boruja / Boruia / Borui - village in the Wolsztyn county; 1776, Kuznica was owned by Ludwik Mielecki; Boruja Kuznicka was named Boruja Koscielna [Kirchplatz-Borui]; Chobienice and Grójec to Mielzynski family !, Belecin to Mielecki; Wielka Wies owned by Bloch; Tuchorza to Kotwitz / Kottvitz.
In 1830 Maciej Mielzynski of Chobienice was insurrgent of the November Uprising under gen. Chlapowski in Lithuania.
In 1848, Chobienice, was the center of Uprising with Józef Mielzynski (son of Maciej), Ignacy Bobrowski, Jan Adamczak, Ignacy Szumski, and landlord of Wroniawa - Stanislaw Plater.
Ca 1900 acted here Maciej Mielzynski [junior] of Chobienice.
Note:
In MIELEC died in 1867 Kazimierz Woroniecki son of above named Maksymilian and Ernestyna Kropaczek; and in Mielec died in 1870 above Maksymilian Woroniecki.

Romuald Walewski b. ca 1738, died on June 14, 1812, was Major General, Adjutant General of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the King of Poland, a captain of cavalry in 1789, Crown Court judge, six-time Member of Parliament. In Cracow from 1773 to 1775 joined the confederation Adam Poninski; member of Parliament in 1778 of the Cracow province; member of Parliament in 1786; member of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Military Commission in 1788; in 1792 he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, in 1781 received the Order of St. Stanislaus. King's aides were Augustyn Gorzenski / Augustine Gorzenski and above named Romuald Walewski. Romuald's close friends:
in 1789 an ensign Zeromski Maciej (lieutenant); 1789 - 1792, Stawiski Michal - ensign (Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski); 1790, Wieckowski Marcin, Regiment of the National Cavalry of brigade under Hadziewicz; 1792, Jasienski Blazej, above Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski; a counselors of the Permanent Council: Anastazy Walewski, Ksawery Walewski, named Romuald Walewski, Hieronim Wielopolski, Jozef Wilczewski, Antoni Wollowicz, Maksymilian Woroniecki [senior], Franciszek Woyna and others.
Above Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki d. 1797, an advisor, counselor, member of the executive of the Confederation in 1776.
We know on
Lucjan Grzegorz Eustachy Woroniecki [1806 - died November 21, 1875 in Warszawa, m. in Poznan in 1856 !! with: 1. Pawel Adam Maria b. 1856 next of kin to Kumanowski and Stadnicki; 2. Teonia Teofila Tekla Woroniecka b. 1857 + Józef Chlapowski, 3. Michal Jan b. 1860 in Bielice, close to Sochaczew + Franciszka Korwin-Krasinska - close to Zelazowa Wola and north of GUZOW !! 4. Antoni Jan Pawel b. 1862, 5. Adam Marian b. 1865], Duke.

In mentioned above Chobienice was born Maciej Ignacy Przeclaw Mielzynski (1869 - 1944), grandson of Maciej Józef, MP, m. Felicja nee Potocki.
Ca 1837 Chobienice was owned by Konstancja Mielzynski; belonged to the Okowy catholic parish. Church was funded by Józef Klemens Mielzynski.
Chobienice / Köbnitz, is situated in the Siedlec area, 17 km south-west to BORUJA !

Mentioned Zbigniew Brzezinski joined the faculty of Harvard University in 1952 [Henry Kissinger in 1952 also joined the faculty of the Harvard University] but moved to Columbia University in 1959. The former director of the CIA, Robert Gates, stated in his memoirs that the American intelligence services began to aid the Mujahiddin in Afghanistan six months before the Soviet intervention. Is this period, Zbigniew Brzezinski was the national securty advisor to President Carter. On July 3, 1979 President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
Next great person - Stanley Hoffmann was born 1928, in Vienna. He was living in Nice, then in Neuilly in 1936, graduated at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in 1948, in 1951, he studied at Harvard’s government department, where his fellow students included Zbigniew Brzezinski, Judith N. Shklar and Samuel Huntington, and where he became a protege of McGeorge Bundy, a professor in the department; Mr. Hoffmann avoided the role of counselor to government leaders. Mr. Bundy was a professor in the department, not its chairman.
Judith Nisse Shklar b. 1928, was a political theorist, and worked at Harvard University; Judith Shklar was born in Riga, Latvia to Jewish parents who fled there; graduated from McGill University and at the Harvard University in 1955.
Samuel Phillips Huntington b. 1927, was an American political adviser, at Harvard University he was director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs; during the Carter administration, Huntington was the White House Coordinator of Security Planning for the National Security Council; a member of Harvard's department of government from 1950 until 1959, and along with Zbigniew Brzezinski moved to Columbia University in New York. Huntington and Warren Demian Manshel co-founded and co-edited Foreign Policy.
The Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies is a research center that is part of Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs in New York, was led for 25 years by Professor William T. R. Fox. Prominent scholars have included Samuel P. Huntington, Glenn Snyder, Roger Hilsman, Michael Armacost, and Joan E. Spero.
Glenn Herald Snyder b. 1924 an important scholar of international relations theory and security studies.
Roger Hilsman, Jr. b. 1919, was an aide and adviser to President John F. Kennedy and, briefly, to President Lyndon B. Johnson, in the U.S. State Department while serving as Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research during 1961-63.

Mentioned above John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (1839 - 1937) was a co-founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry; with Andrew Carnegie defined the structure of modern philanthropy.

Above mentioned Andrew Carnegie (1835 - 1919) was a Scottish industrialist "who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. He is often identified as one of the richest people in history, alongside John D. Rockefeller and Jakob Fugger". Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland; his uncle, George Lauder Sr., a Scottish political leader, deeply influenced him as a boy.

George Lauder Sr., b. 1837, was a Scottish industrialist, and a partner in the Carnegie Steel Corporation, a forerunner of U.S. Steel. His father known for his commitment to Scottish nationalism was a keen radical for the time; after Andrew and his family left for America, George stayed in Scotland, studying under Lord Kelvin.

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin b. 1824 was born in Belfast in 1824, an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, for his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria; he was recruited around 1899 by George Eastman to serve as vice-chairman of the board of the British company Kodak Limited, affiliated with Eastman Kodak.
George Eastman b. 1854 was an American innovator and founded the Eastman Kodak Company.


And now we back to Russia [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Russia] where Emanuel Nobel sold half of the Baku holdings to Standard Oil of New Jersey, with John D. Rockefeller Jr. personally authorizing the payment of $ 11.5 million (see more at my webpages).

By Tommy Wilkens:
Baron George De Mohrenschildt born 1911 in Mozyr, comes from the Baltic Germans. His father was Baron Sergius Alexander Von Mohrenschildt; 1918 De Mohrenschildt lived in Minsk, probably in St. Petersburg, or Moscow; 1922 Sergius was released from Soviet prison due to health problems ?!; 1929 George DeMohrenschildt volunteered for the Polish Army and attended a Polish military academy in Grudziadz; 1931 George / Jurij was graduated from the Polish military academy with rank of sergeant; then in Liege, and returned to Poland to take part in military summer maneuvrs.
The de Mohrenschildts were major players in the global oil business since the beginning of the twentieth century, and their paths crossed with the Rockefellers;
George de Mohrenschildt's uncle and father ran the Swedish Nobel Brothers Oil Company's operations in Baku; 1915, the Russian government dispatched a second uncle of George de Mohrenschildt, the young diplomat Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt, to Washington to plead for American intervention in the war (see Koziell POKLEWSKI); 1917, Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt's mission was a success; he was often in the company of Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, of the family then befriending Prescott Bush and about to hire Prescott's future father-in-law, George Herbert Walker. Ferdinand married the step-granddaughter of President Woodrow Wilson [see named above American Whig-Cliosophic Society].

Some details:
Hubert Bland, a bank-journalist, worked for the London Sunday Chronicle, a paper owned by newspaper magnate Edward Hulton, formerly of the Liberal Manchester Guardian. Bland was a co-founder of the Fabian Society in 1884 and became a treasurer. He also recruited Bernard Shaw. Bernard Shaw was working for the London Pall Mall Gazette, where William T. Stead served as editor and Alfred Milner as his assistant, both Stead and Milner were close to diamond magnate and Rothschild associate Cecil Rhodes and were involved in the formation of the influential secret organisation known as the Milner Group. Having been recruited to the Fabian Society by his friend Bland in 1884, Shaw recruited Annie Besant and his friends Sidney Webb, Sydney Olivier and Graham Wallas in 1885 and 1886. Shaw married Charlotte, daughter of Horace Payne-Townshend, a wealthy Stock Exchange investor. He was employed by millionaire William Waldorf - Lord Astor, owner of the Pall Mall Gazette, and became a close friend of the Milner Group leader - Waldorf and his wife Nancy. Shaw's friend, Sidney Webb married Beatrice - a close friend of Rothschild associate and Prime Minister Arthur Balfour, the daughter of Richard Potter, a wealthy financier with international connections, the chairman of the Great Western and Grand Trunk Railways of England and Canada.

Shaw, Webb, Olivier and Wallas became the Fabian Society's dominant Big Four with John Passmore Edwards, an leader of the Liberal Manchester School, and with Richard Cobden. The Fabian Society was in close touch with the Rothschilds both directly and through Lord Arthur Balfour, and has also been close to David Rockefeller [see more above !].

Above mentioned Cecil Rhodes, the South African diamond millionaire, used his fortune to promote the scheme of federating the English speaking peoples around the globe. Rhodes and other acolytes of Ruskin, formed a secret society known as the Round Table Group, were able to gain access to Rhodes' fortune after his death in 1902.
The Milner Group, the secret society formed by Cecil Rhodes, dominated the British delegation to the Peace Conference of 1919, founded the UK Royal Institute for International Affairs in 1919 / 1920 (the British Institute of International Affairs was founded in London in July 1920), the US Council on Foreign Relations, and parallel groups in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and India. In 1919 British and American delegates to the Paris Peace Conference, under the leadership of Lionel Curtis, conceived the idea of an Anglo-American Institute of foreign affairs to study international problems with a view to preventing future wars - at Chatham House, Number 10 St. James's Square in 1923 (Professor Arnold Toynbee became the leading figure until his retirement in 1955).

Retinger was very close to above named Lionel Curtis, the founder of Chatham House and Retinger was politically active in London exactly at the same time when Chatham House was established in 1921-1923; the Chatham House / the Royal Institute of International Affairs represented by both ideologies of the Rhodes - Milner ideology with the ideology of the Fabian society and Retinger had links to both these groups; his Bilderberg Group had their first meeting in May 1954 at the Bilderberg Hotel, near Arnhem in Holland.

See The Great Coup of 1916: 4 The Monday Night Cabal, by Jim Macgregor and Gerry Docherty:
"... In January 1916 a small group of Milner's closest friends and disciples formed a very distinctive and secret cabal to prepare the nation for a change so radical, that it was nothing less than a coup; a planned take-over of government by men who sought to impose their own rule rather than seek a mandate from the general public. Having ensured that the war was prolonged, they now sought to ensure that it would be waged to the utter destruction of Germany. ... The men behind the carefully constructed conspiracy were Alfred Milner, Leo Amery, Sir Edward Carson, Geoffrey Dawson, editor of The Times, F. S. Oliver the influential writer who believed that war was a necessity, and Waldorf Astor, the owner of The Observer. They met regularly on Monday evenings to formulate their alternative plans for war management over dinner. These men were drawn from the inner-circle of Milner's most trusted associates. Others who were invited to join them included, Lloyd George, Sir Henry Wilson, (at that point a corps commander on the Western Front) Philip Kerr, another of Milner's proteges from his days in South Africa, and Sir Leander Starr Jameson, the man who almost brought down the British government in 1896 in the wake of his abortive raid on the Transvaal. Could anyone have anticipated that Jameson would have reemerged in London inside a very powerful conspiracy some twenty years after he had almost blown Cecil Rhode's dream apart? But then he was always the servant of the mighty South African arm of the Secret Elite...".

I wrote above that the Round Table was started by Freemason and Rothschild agent, Lord Alfred Milner; but Rhodes, who was connected to the Freemasons, first formalised his idea with William T. Stead; in 1910, The Round Table Journal: A Quarterly Review of the Politics of the British Empire was founded by Lord Milner and members of Milner's Kindergarten: Lionel Curtis, Philip Kerr and Geoffrey Dawson; by 1915 Round Table groups existed in seven countries: in the United States acted George Louis Beer, Walter Lippmann, Frank Aydelotte, Whitney Shepardson, Thomas W. Lamont, and Erwin D. Canham.

Named above
Victor Rothschild (Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild b. 1910 d. 1990; son of Charles Rothschild; a member of the Apostles Club at Cambridge, a secret society, there he became friends with the future Soviet spies Guy Burgess and Anthony Blunt, and Kim Philby - not a member; he was recruited to work for MI5 during World War II, and was the head of B1C, continued to work in security as an adviser to Margaret Thatcher; 1971 to 1974 The Think Tank), who worked for J. P. Morgan & Co., was one of the members of the Round Table.
The Rothschilds had financed Cecil Rhodes, co-operated with the Morgans and the Rockefellers, and they financed the activities of Edward Harriman (railroads) and Andrew Carnegie Steel [see above].

Roundtable inner Circle of Initiates included Lord Milner, Cecil Rhodes, Arthur Balfour, Albert Grey and Lord Nathan Rothschild
(Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild b. 1840, d. 1915, a British banker in issuing loans to the governments of the USA, Russia and Austria; a close relationship with Benjamin Disraeli; and administered Rhodes's estate from 1902 and set up the Rhodes Scholarship scheme at Oxford).

According to Gary Allen's expose, Milner financed the Russian Bolsheviks on Rothschild's behalf, with help from Jacob Schiff and Max Warburg.

Mentioned above Abigail Greene Abby Aldrich Rockefeller (1874 - 1948) was an American socialite and philanthropist, married to John D. Rockefeller Jr., she was born in Providence, Rhode Island "to Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman Chapman, a distant descendant of the fourth signer of the Mayflower Compact". She was a sister of Congressman Richard Steere Aldrich and banker Winthrop Williams Aldrich.

Above John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (1874 - 1960) was an American financier, son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and the father of the five famous Rockefeller brothers. His mother was Laura Celestia Cettie Spelman (1839 - 1915), an American abolitionist.
Above John Davison Rockefeller Jr. b. 1874, joined the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.

The Phi Beta Kappa Society was founded in 1776 at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia; ten of the original members later did become Freemasons. In 1831, disclosed the fraternity's secrets during a period of strong anti-Masonic sentiment. The Phi Beta Kappa became an "open" society in 1845.

Mentioned above David Rockefeller (born 1915) - born to financier John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and socialite Abigail Greene Aldrich.
John Jr. was the son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr.;
David Rockefeller (born 1915) known General George C. Marshall, and Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd.
From 1941 to 1942, David Rockefeller (born 1915) was assistant regional director of the United States Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Services. During World War II he served in North Africa and France for military intelligence; an assistant military attache at the American Embassy in Paris.
In 1973, Chase established the first branch of an American bank in Moscow near the Kremlin, in the then Soviet Union.
"... He at an earlier point declined an offer from his brother Nelson to appoint him to Robert F. Kennedy's Senate seat after Kennedy was assassinated in June 1968, a post Nelson also offered to their nephew John Davison Jay Rockefeller IV".
Copyright by Wikipedia:
"... In Henry Kissinger, Rockefeller found a political operative with an international and domestic perspective similar to his. They first met in 1954, when Kissinger was appointed a director of a seminal Council on Foreign Relations study group on nuclear weapons, of which David was a member. ... Rockefeller also reportedly has connections to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) . As well as knowing Allen Dulles and his brother John Foster Dulles - who was an in-law of the family - since his college years, it was in Rockefeller Center that Allen Dulles had set up his WWII operational center after Pearl Harbor, liaising closely with MI6 which also had their principal U.S. operation in the Center. He also knew and associated with the former CIA director Richard Helms, as well as Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt Jr., a Chase Bank employee and former CIA agent whose first cousin CIA agent Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. was involved in the Iran coup of 1953. Also, in 1953, he had befriended William Bundy, a pivotal CIA analyst for nine years in the 1950s, who became the Agency liaison to the National Security Council, and a subsequent lifelong friend. Moreover, in Cary Reich's biography of his brother Nelson, a former CIA agent states that David was extensively briefed on covert intelligence operations by himself and other Agency division chiefs, under the direction of David's "friend and confidant", CIA Director Allen Dulles. ... Additionally, he serves as the only member of the Advisory Board for the Bilderberg Group. ... Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. ... The Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Commission members ...".
And now we look at Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt / George Sergius de Mohrenschildt / Jerzy Sergiusz, who studied at the Institute of Higher Commercial Studies, the University of Liege and the University of Texas at Austin. He was petroleum geologist. He became friends with Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy.
JERZY SERGIUSZ De Mohrenschildt became acquainted with the Bouvier family, including young Jacqueline Bouvier, future wife of John F. Kennedy, and he became a friend of
Jacqueline's aunt Edith Bouvier Beale.
He helped raise money for the Polish resistance after ca 1940.

George H. W. Bush did not disclose that he knew Oswald's closest friend, George de Mohrenschildt, since 1942.

Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Kennedy Onassis née Bouvier, 1929 - 1994, was the wife of the President of the United States, John F. Kennedy until his assassination in 1963. Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was the daughter of Wall Street stockbroker, John Vernou Bouvier III and Janet Lee Bouvier.

Named Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss b. 1907, died 1989, was the mother of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill.

John Vernou Bouvier III, was of French, Scottish and English descent.

At http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ we read:
"... The Kennedys that we will look closest at are related to the Fitzpatricks, a powerful Irish family ... The Fitzpatricks may tie back to France ...
Jackie Bouvier Kennedy Onassis who married John F. Kennedy was tied to the Auchinclosses via her sister's marriage into the Auchincloss family [mistake - that is Janet Bouvier married a second time in 1942, to Hugh D. Auchincloss (1897-1972)].
The Auchinclosses are Scottish bloodline of the Illuminati.
... through the names of the ramified Auchincloss tribe: Bunt, Grosvenor, Rockefeller, Saltonstall, Tiffany, Vanderbilt and Winthrop
... For instance, Hugh D. Auchincloss, Sr. married Emma Brewster Jennings, daughter of Oliver B. Jennings, who co-founded Standard Oil with John D. Rockefeller [see ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI and NOBEL - Baku + the Armands and Nobel at the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - see Miezonka and Moscow].
As for the numerous Kennedy intermarriages with notable names, for instance, Bernet Shafer Kennedy (1798-1878) married Phebe Freeman in 1820. ... Andrew Kennedy married Margaret (Penny) Hatfield (1824-1989). The Andrew Kennedy family is allied with the Hatfield, Bailey, Collins, and Mullins families...".

Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. (1897 - 1976) "[copyright by Wikipedia] was the son of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Sr. (1858 - 1913), a merchant and financier

{Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Sr. was the son of John L. Auchincloss b. 1810 in New York, d. 1876 in Quebec;
grandson of Hugh Auchincloss b. 1780 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, died in 1855 in New York;
great-grandson of John Auchincloss born 1749 who was the son of William Auchincloss b. 1709 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland and grandson of
James Auchincloss + Agnes Carr.
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland is situated 13 km west of GLASGOW; see at my domain on the family Tennent was of Glasgow in Scotland and bankers in Belfast;
also see at GRANDPARENTS of Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., among others: Ella Stevens Lougee, b. Lynn, Mass., 1869; George Weir, b. Bridgeton, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland, in 1860, emigrated to US in 1863, lived in 1920 in Perry Co., Ohio; George Weir married Martha H. Wood, daughter of Daniel Heveland Wood Jr. and Caroline Almira Starr, in 1890.
The WEIRs come of Bridgeton and Hamilton.
Note - the Douglas family from Bothwell - 15 km south-east of Glasgow.
Colonel John Campbell, laird of Melfort - western Scotland and north-west of Glasgow, Kilninver - close to Melfort, and Kilmelfort - close to Melfort, in Argyllshire, Scotland, born 1730, his children:
1. Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald Campbell, b. 1767, Killin - half way from Melfort to Perth and west of Perth, in Perthshire, Scotland, 2. John Campbell, b. 1769, Killin, Perthshire, 3. Allan Campbell, b. 1770, Killin, and others children.
Kilwinning - a town in North Ayrshire, Scotland, about 34 km south of Glasgow.
Kilwinning is notable for housing the original Lodge of Freemasonry in Scotland. When the Lodges were renumbered, Kilwinning was kept as Lodge Number '0', the Mother Lodge of Scotland. Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton b. 1723 was the Grand Master Mason of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1750-51. Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton (1726 - 1796) was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Mother Kilwinning, from 1771 until 1796. Montgomerie was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in 1782. 1806 - 1820: The Prince of Wales (afterwards King George IV) was the Grand Master Masons of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. See also the Rosslyn Chapel},

and Emma Brewster Jennings, daughter of Oliver Burr Jennings and Esther Judson Goodsell. His uncles were Edgar Stirling Auchincloss (father of James C. Auchincloss) and John Winthrop Auchincloss (grandfather of Louis Auchincloss). He had two older sisters, Esther Judson Auchincloss and Ann Burr Auchincloss. His father was the youngest brother of Edgar Stirling Auchincloss, making Hugh the nephew of Edgar Stirling Auchincloss and cousin of politician James C. Auchincloss". Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. graduated in 1920 from Yale University, where he was elected to the Elihu Senior Society.

Named above Janet / Janet Lee Bouvier was born in 1907, in Manhattan; the daughter of James Thomas Lee (1877 - 1968) / Jim Lee, a lawyer and real estate developer, and Margaret A. Merritt 1878 - 1943. Above James Thomas Lee / Jim Lee was the son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton; Jim Lee was the husband of Hattie Jane Lee and above Margaret A. Merritt; father of Marion Norton Ryan; Janet Norton Bouvier and Winifred Norton d'Olier; brother of Winifred Lee and Marian Lee.
Above Margaret A. Merritt b. 1878 or 1877 in Manhattan, was the daughter of Thomas Peter Merritt.
Named above Janet's [Janet Lee Bouvier] father (Jackie Bouvier Kennedy's grandfather) James Thomas Lee / Jim Lee was son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton; Dr. James Lee was from the immigrants from Cork, Ireland, whose father started out in New York City;
Jackie's grandfather became a Chase Manhattan Bank president!
Jim Lee, and his wife, the former Margaret Merritt, and three daughters lived on Park Avenue, in the summer, they moved into the exclusive enclave of East Hampton, New York.
Mentioned above James Thomas Lee, 1877 - 1968, married to Margaret Merritt and he was the father of Janet and Winifred. James T. Lee (travel 1909?) was in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. Jacqueline Bouvier and her family lived at the beginning on the sixth and seventh floors of 740 Park Avenue; then at the house of her grandfather James T. Lee built in 1929.
Above Janet Norton Vernou Bouvier (born Bouvier Lee), 1907 - 1969, married John Jack Vernou Bouvier in 1928, in New York. John was born in 1891, in East Hampton, NY; he was the N.Y. Stock Exchange Member, and Wall Street stockbrocker; Above named Janet Vernou Bouvier (born Norton Lee) has different history! Lived 1906 - 1989; born to James Thomas Lee and Margaret A. Lee (born Merritt). James was born 1877. Margaret was born in 1879.
Janet Norton Vernou Bouvier had 2 children, 1st married to John Jack Vernou Bouvier. They divorced. Janet married Hugh Dubley Auchincloss in 1942. Mentioned above Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss was the mother of former United States First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill. She was the mother-in-law of United States President John F. Kennedy.

Michel Bouvier [see below !] b. 1792 in France, Languedoc, Gard, Pont St Esprit or in Quebec, Canada in 1792 to Eustache Bouvier and Therese Mercier. Michel Bouvier had been a foot soldier for Napoleon. Died in 1874 PA, Philadelphia Co, Philadelphia - buried St Marys Catholic Cemetery. Grandfather of above MICHEL - Francois Bouvier 1727 - 1773.
Therese Mercier b. AUG 1766 in France, d. 1828 / or 1850 in France, was the daughter of Joseph Mercier and Anne Trintignant; wife of Eustache Bouvier and mother of Michel Bouvier. Above Joseph Mercier b. circa 1740 was the son of Melkior Mercier. Michel married Sarah Anne Pearson and had 2 children. Michel married 2nd to Louise C. Vernou and had 8 children. He died in 1874 in Massachusetts, USA [or Philadelphia]. Above Eustache Bouvier born in France 1758 to Francois Bouvier and Benoit Repelin. Eustache married Louise Perboz.

Named above JACQUELINE LEE BOUVIER KENNEDY ONASSIS b. 1929, was daughter of Janet Norton Lee, born 1907, but Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis's parents divorced in 1940. Janet Bouvier married a second time in 1942, to Hugh D. Auchincloss (1897-1972). She married a third time in 1979, to Bingham Morris. Morris's first wife had been a bridesmaid in the wedding party of his second wife (Janet Lee Bouvier).
"... Jacqueline Kennedy was half-Irish, her mother being the granddaughter of four immigrants from County Cork, who came to New York during the 1840's potato famine. Jacqueline Kennedy's paternal grandmother Maude Sergeant was the daughter of an immigrant from Kent, England. Despite her maiden name, Jacqueline Kennedy's French ancestry was descent from one great-grandfather, making her only one-eight French. The first Bouvier to settle in America was carpenter [see above !] Michel Bouvier, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1815 from Point Saint-Esprit in the Provence region.
... [Jacqueline Kennedy] had a younger sister, Caroline Lee Bouvier Canfield Radziwill Ross (born 1933).
Through the second marriage of her mother, Jacqueline Kennedy had two half-siblings, Janet Jennings Auchincloss (1945-1985) and James Lee Auchincloss (born 1947);
by Hugh D. Auchincloss's first marriage to MARIA CHRAPOWICKA / Maria Chrapovitsky, she had a step-brother, Hugh D. ("YUSHA / JUSZA") Auchincloss, Jr. (born 1927?);
by Hugh D. Auchincloss's second marriage to Nina Gore Vidal, she had a step-sister, NINA Auchincloss Steers Straight (born 1935?), and a step-brother Thomas Auchincloss (born 1937?). Although the author, playwright and social critic Gore Vidal has often been identified as a stepbrother to Jacqueline Kennedy, they both shared the same stepfather, but through different mothers".
"... Jacqueline Kennedy's mother, born as Janet Norton Lee, was entirely Irish-American. Her father James 'Jim' Thomas Lee and mother Margaret Merritt were the children of impoverished immigrants who had all come from Cork, Ireland during the 1840s ... In fact, Jackie Kennedy was fully half-Irish Catholic ...".
Above James Thomas Lee b. 1877 - son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton.
Above Dr. James Lee b. ca 1840/1850 in Cork, the Munster prov., Ireland.

Note:
Catherine Lee (b. 1910, d. 1979) was daughter of Micheal Lee and Ellen McSweeney [Ellen McSweeney (1868-1910) or Ellen McSweeney b. 1867 in Dunmanway, Cork, Ireland was daughter of Myls McSweeney and Mary; mother of Kathleen Ferris]. Catherine Lee was born in 1910 in Killeagh Co., Cork, and died 1979 in Killeagh Co., Cork. She married James Lee in 1935 in Killeagh, Co Cork, son of Joseph Lee and Kathleen Reilly ! Patrick Kennedy and Anne Cashman were godparents of above Catherine Lee. Withness to the wedding were Michael Lee and Mary Lee (Cork, St. Killeagh). Related to the Lee's in Ladysbridge.
Killeagh is situated east of CORK [see my domain on the CORK Co.].

One of these more humble ancestors of Jacqueline Kennedy was evidently a Cork 'nurse' named Mary Norton [born ca 1850 ?] who married Jackie's second generation from Cork grandfather James Lee. "He indeed gained considerable wealth as a property developer and financier".
Jackie's Bouvier family has deep Irish roots, the surnames of the four families involved on her mother's side are Lee, Norton, Merritt and Curry.
At Calvary Cemetery in Queens, New York indicate one Thomas Merritt and his wife Maria Curry, two of Jacqueline Bouvier's great grandparents - were from County Clare. County Clare - north-west of LIMERICK.

And now on the MERCIER famil at my domain:
A.
Luigi Scotti Douglas / Louis Scotti was born in 1796 in Naples / Napoli, married Mary Josephine Carlier, with whom he had Ferdinand, Federico and Alfonso; he began his military career as a bodyguard in 1816; after a long military career in 1859 promoted field marshal. Died in Naples, 1880. The branch of Vigolino settled in Naples, from RAMIZIO married Josephine Poulet, next generation in Napoli: Joseph, Count of Vigolino b. 1776 who married Dorothy Granalais; his son: Luigi who was above mentioned; his sons: Ferdinand, Federico, Alfonso; above named FERDINAND Scotti b. 1831, student from 1841 to 1847, captain, 1861 in Gaeta; FEDERICO b. 1836, served the Guards, ALFONSO Scotti Douglas, Earl of Vigolino, b. 1849, promoted lieutenant of Engineers and appointed assistant director of the Force in Capua, he returned to college to finish studies, married Celestina Loencilli with son EDOARDO b. in Naples, 1874 married to Emma Gini, with daughter Annita b. Milan in 1904, and ALFONSO in 1910. Mary Josephine Carlier - maybe she is Mary Carlier, b. 1811, daughter of Daniel Carlier and Mary Marlain; sister of Henry Augustus Carlier; William Evans Carlier and David Evans Carlier, half sister of Daniel Carlier - copyright by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com. Above Daniel Carlier, b. 1766, London, England; died 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India, son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier; inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst, Rachel Cowan, Stephen R Johnson and Stephen David Berryman.
Daniel Carlier m. Mary Marlain; he was born in 1770 / 1766 at London, England (? - in Colombo, Sri Lanka), d. 1822 / 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India. Son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier.
Husband of Mary Marlain; father of Henry Augustus Carlier; Mary Carlier; William Evans Carlier; David Evans Carlier and Daniel Carlier; brother of Isaac Carlier, half brother of Abraham Carlier, inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com in 2009; Mary MARLAIN b. ca 1770, d. 1855 Ootacamund; he was working as Conductor of Madras Invalids; is the man who leaves the Huguenot community in London to go to India. Daniel's parents were Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier, both born in London; he married a woman from Colombo, Mary Marlain, in 1807 in India, but he had also son Daniel, born about 1796. He had son Daniel second who married Eliza Grace Evans in 1829 in Palamcottah, Madras from his third wife - her father may be William Evans. Mary Carlier (Marlain) b. ca 1770 in Colombo, Ceylon; d. 1855 in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India. The CARLIER name is French Huguenot, French Protestants and in 1720 Jan CARLIER born in Amsterdam, North Holland had two children born in Colombo, Sri Lanka which was colonized by the Dutch. Marriage record for Daniel CARLIER in 1807 to Mary Marlain from Colombo, lived in Fort St George, Madras. But Elizabeth CARLIER b. 1828 had parents D. CARLIER and Elizabeth. It is possible that the Huguenot CARLIER from England went to South India with the East India company; above data under copyright by Moira Breen from USA.

B.
The Krauze / Krause family, Latvian-German origin, before the Second War in Latvia and Estonia:
Christina Sofia Krause / Христина-София Краузе b. 1755 in Revel / Tallinn, d. 1825; m. Frideriks / Фридерихс b. 1749; her children: in Ревель, was Евстафий Иванович Фридерихс / Якоб Иоганн Август, b. 1776, d. 1834, and Генрих Якоб Фридерихс b. ca 1780; in Avandus / Авандус, was born Элизабет Катарина Фридерихс in 1784. They were living in Lasinurme (Lassinorm) - close to Avandus, knight manor in Simuna Parish, Virumaa County - south of Rakvere; Thula / Tuula, Saue Parish, Harju County, Estonia - 3 km south of Keila, 8 km soth-west of Saue, 8 km east of Lehola.
Her husband - mentioned above - Иоганн Иеремия Фридерихс b. 1749, Dorpat; he was living in Лассинорм, Авандус, Ревель, Тула of von Toll. Above Евстафий Фридерихс b. 1776, married in 1803 (div. 1807) in London to Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824; she married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss
[see TUULA ca 3 km south-west of JOGISOO of the George de Mohrenschildt family - see LEE OSWALD and BOUVIER]
/ Александр Густав Иоганн фон Вейс - son of Сергей / Андреас Отто Георг фон Вейс b. 1760; her son Константин Рейнхольд фон Вейс b. 1839 d. 1917; her grandson Aleksandr von Weiss / Александр фон Вейс b. 1870.
Her partner Константин Павлович Poманов, 1779 - 1831.

We know about: MERCIER, 1666 in Paris. Mercier, Louis Sébastien, 1740-1814. They come from Levallois-Perret - in the northwestern suburbs of Paris. And from Meurthe et Moselle, and Vosges, Lorraine, France. General Auguste Mercier (1833-1921) married Fanny Isobel Tremayne Simons at Versailles in 1871. His son Evelyn Gabriel Tremayne Mercier, born 1876, was Lieut-Colonel in the infantry.

Named above Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824, married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss b. 1760; her grandson (stepgrandson, acc. to me) Aleksandr von Weiss b. 1870.

Samples only. Pierre-Mathurin Mercier born 1774 at the Lion d'Angers in France, north-west of Angers, died 1801 in La Motte in France, is a military officer, commander of the legion of Vannes and the Catholic Army during the War in the Vendée, south-west of Angers; he joined in June 1793 Vendee army, going on Nantes. Pierre Mathurin Mercier was the son of Pierre Mercier and Lucretia Touze / Lucrece Touzé, from a middle class family, moved to Château-Gontier in 1784, north of Angers; relatives: Frédéric Mercier, his brother, one of the leaders of Fromentieres; Mary Lucretia Mercier (1776-1831), and Felix Elias Mercier / Felix Elie Mercier, brother of Peter / Pierre, attach to his name 'Vendée' in memory of his brother. The Mercier Vendée: in Grammont south-west of Angers, La Péraudiere, La Noue, Toulouse. Next of kin with Huet, Picault, in 1701 to Bouvet, Guillot. Louise Huet, b. 1714 in Le Lion d'Angers, d. 1764, her mother Bouvet; Louise married to Mathurin Mercier, his sons: François Mercier (la Vendee) in 1766 m. Françoise Hantri, and Pierre Mercier in 1773 m. to Lucrece Touzé.

Above mentioned Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss b. 1792 d. 1845, was married 1st to Anna Elisabeth Wrangell b. 1804.
Anna Elisabeth Wrangell Betsy b. 1804, died 1875 in Uchten. Her father Georg Johan von Wrangell from Uchten (1760 in Reval - 1836, his brother Karl Magnus von Wrangell); grandfather Reinhold Johann von Wrangell (1721 - 1767) from Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland; great-grandfather Karl Johann von Wrangell b. 1691, by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.

Josephine Friedrichs nee Mercier b. 1778 - d. 1824; 1805, arrived to St. Petersburg, as an actress, in search of her husband. In London she married to Colonel Alexander von Friedrichs, a personal aide-adjutant Emperor. She found her husband in 1807 and divorced. Constantine Pavlovich / Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov met her 1807, in 1816, she taken name Juliana M. / Ulyana Mihajlovna Alexandrova. In 1820, Juliana M. married Colonel Weiss. Her son Alexandrov in 1829 was appointed aide-adjutant to His Imperial Majesty, and in 1831 took part in the war against the Polish insurgents. 1846 - a major general; 1855 was appointed adjutant-general, and 1856 lieutenant general. Aleksandrov Pavel K. married in 1833 to Shcherbatova, Princess Anna Alexandrovna; Pavel K. Alexandrov died 1857.
The count Albert R. de Gern - Earl, member of the Russian-French Chamber of Commerce, Board Member: The Russian-French Commercial Bank and the Society of the Bryansk factories; the secretary of French society 'Russian Mining and Metallurgical Union', the French agent in Russia, and member of the board of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company. Neighbour of count Albert von Gern at I. Lidvall / Lidval house in 1912 - 1916 in St Petersburg: M. N. Weiss, the daughter of Vice Admiral; Weiss, Alexander Konstantinovich; he was born 1870, was Rear-admiral on 12 June 1916; he graduated from the Maritime School; commanded a torpedo boat and destroyers; after the October Revolution in the service of the Reds. Chief of Staff of the Red Baltic Fleet to 1919. Arrested in 1931, 1933 and 1935 exiled to Orenburg. His father: Weiss, Konstantin b. 1839 d. 1917. He was born on August 5, 1839 in Tsarskoye Selo, came from the nobility of the province of Estonia. On May 14, 1896 was promoted to lieutenant general. June 6, 1907 Weiss was promoted to General of Infantry. General Weiss was living in St. Petersburg (Petrograd) in 1917 at Nicholas Road, 59 where he died August 22, 1917. And next of kin Konstantin von Weiss born July 29, 1877 in Tsarskoye Selo, died in Augsburg; during the Civil War, the commander of the Baltic Battalion of the Estonian Army. Baltic Regiment was formed in early 1919 in Estonia of the volunteers - Baltic Germans and since the spring of 1919 worked with the North-Western Army. October 1919 was part of 3rd Infantry Division, then worked as a part of the 1st Army.

C.
The CARLIER name is French Huguenot, French Protestants and in 1720 Jan CARLIER born in Amsterdam, North Holland had two children born in Colombo, Sri Lanka which was colonized by the Dutch. Mary Josephine Carlier - maybe she is Mary Carlier, b. 1811, daughter of Daniel Carlier and Mary Marlain;
sister of Henry Augustus Carlier; William Evans Carlier and David Evans Carlier, half sister of Daniel Carlier - copyright by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com. Above Daniel Carlier, b. 1766, London, England; died 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India, son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier; inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst, Rachel Cowan, Stephen R Johnson and Stephen David Berryman.
Daniel Carlier m. Mary Marlain; he was born in 1770 or 1766 at London, England (? - in Colombo, Sri Lanka), d. 1822 / 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India. Son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier.
Husband of Mary Marlain; father of Henry Augustus Carlier; Mary Carlier; William Evans Carlier; David Evans Carlier and Daniel Carlier; brother of Isaac Carlier, half brother of Abraham Carlier, inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com in 2009; Mary MARLAIN b. ca 1770, d. 1855 Ootacamund; he was working as Conductor of Madras Invalids; is the man who leaves the Huguenot community in London to go to India. Daniel's parents were Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier, both born in London; he married a woman from Colombo, Mary Marlain, in 1807 in India, but he had also son Daniel, born about 1796. He had son Daniel second who married Eliza Grace Evans in 1829 in Palamcottah, Madras from his third wife - her father may be William Evans. Mary Carlier (Marlain) b. ca 1770 in Colombo, Ceylon; d. 1855 in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India.

And now on the MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris and of IRELAND:
The Round Table movement, founded in 1909 - acc. to historian Carroll Quigley - was connected to a secret society named the 'Society of the Elect' with Cecil Rhodes, Stead and Lord Rothschild as his designated successors, and also Milner, Reginald Baliol Brett Lord Esher, Cardinal Manning, Lord Arthur Balfour, Lord Albert Grey and Sir Harry Johnston; Carroll Quigley claims in 'Tragedy and Hope' that Rhodes's 'Society of the Elect' was established in 1889 - 1891; an outer circle known as the Association of Helpers was later organised by Milner as the Round Table; its sister organisations: Lionel Curtis founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs in 1920, and Walter Lippmann in 1921 - the Council on Foreign Relations, in America. See also: Alexander May, The Round Table, 1910-66, ed. by University of Oxford.
At this same year, 1909 descendant of Samuel Konarski founded the groundwork of modern English MI5 counterintelligence. KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel b. 1802 in Cracow or in 1803 in Praszka, west of Czestochowa; he was son of Joachim Konarski; Alexander Samuel or KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel was wine merchant in England, like Paul Armand who opened in Moscow own wine shop. Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski married to Harriet Fraser Lucas; he was transcribed as 'Alexander Kowaraki'. She come from the Irish family, Philip Monoux was the West India and Colombia merchant, plantation owner and slave-factor. Philip Monoux Lucas was a partner in a number of companies and resided in the West Indies between about 1802 and 1810, acted in the Lang, Chauncy & Lucas (address: at 39 Wilson Street Finsbury Square in 1834). Monoux Lucas died in 1830. Emma, the daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and Sarah Lucas, married Edward Walker, a London solicitor who left L500,000 on his death in 1872. "James Mad Lucas" or "The Hermit of Hertfordshire", was son of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah nee Beesly. Above Nathaniel Snell Chauncy, 1789 - 1856, son of Charles Snell Chauncy ne Snell, who died in 1809, and brother of Charles Snell Chauncy. West India merchant, partner with Philip Monoux Lucas and Charles Porcher Lang in Chauncy, Lucas & Lang until Lucas's death in 1830. Harriet Fraser Lucas / Harriet Fraser Konarska was daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah and she was one of the "heirs of Philip Monoux Lucas" identified as a beneficiary of his estate. She married above mentioned Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski at St Pancras in London, 1839. Died in 9 Bedford Place, Brighton in 1871.
Children of Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski / Samuel Konarski / Konasski / Alexander Kowaraki:
a. Samuel Philip Lucas Konarski b. 1843,
b. Marie Konarska b. 1853 / Maria Alexandrina Stuart Konarski or Marian Alexandrina Stuart died 1926, in 1845 living in Kensington, 1846 court against George Lucas;
c. Georgina Augusta Konarska b. 1855 / Georgina Augustus Kell nee Konarski.
Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski was died on 14 January 1893 in Nice, France; was a doctor, emigrated to England.
We know also on Thomas / Tomasz Paschalis Seweryn Konarski / KONARSKI Tomasz Paschalis (1792-1878) General 1830-1831, from Zarczyce close to Malogoszcz; in Zarczyce Duze in 1700 was born Stanislaw Konarski actual name Hieronim Konarski; died 1878 - Auxerre. His father lieutenant of the Austrian Army born 1742. Grandfather 1699-1756. Tomasz Konarski married two times: in 1822, Warszawa, and in France.
Marie Melanie Edwige KONARSKA 1855-1940 m. 1880, Auxerre to Isidore ROZE 1848-1934 with Marie Therese Eleonore ROZE 1881-1971 m. 1899 to Henri LIONS with Hedwige LIONS b. 1900. We know also that Samuel Alexander Konarski played at roulette in the casino in Monte Carlo with high luck; a surgeon by profession, a participant of November Uprising 1830 - 1831, during which he was wounded, awarded the Golden Cross of the Virtue Military; after the uprising, he emigrated to England, where he was occupied at large scale in wine trade, thanks to help of Treasury (see below a note). He spend the winter in warmer corners of Europe, including Monte Carlo, Nice, Monaco. He left a considerable wealth, for which his daughter Emma bought a large collection of art. Unfortunately, after her death, none of this collection was provided to Polish museums, but only to the collections of the Vatican Museum, the Museum of Cluny in Paris and the City Museum in Pau (France).
Georgina Augusta Konarska was born in 1855 at Brussels, Belgium. She was the daughter of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas. She married, firstly, Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell, son of Robert J. Kell and Amelia Fearn, in 1873 at St. George at Hanover Square, London, England. She and Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell were divorced in 1892. She married, secondly, James Allcard in 1893 at St. Pancras, London, England. Child of Georgina Augusta Konarska and Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell: Maj.-Gen. Sir Vernon George Waldegrave Kell b. 1873, d. 1942.
Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski was born on 1 September 1803 at Praszka, Poland. He married Harriet Fraser Lucas. He died on 14 January 1893 at age 89 at Nice, France; was a doctor, emigrated to England. He gained the rank of officer in the service of the 1st Podhalian Rifle Regiment, Polish Army in the Polish-Russian War in 1830.
Children of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas:
1. Marie Konarska b. 1853; 2. Georgina Augusta Konarska b. 1855. Marie Konarska was born in 1853 at London, England. She was the daughter of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas.
Amelia Fearn was born in 1821 at London, England. She married Robert J. Kell in 1845 at St. Pancras, London. From 1845, her married name became Kell.
Children of Amelia Fearn and Robert J. Kell:
1. Robert Kell b. 1846; 2. Emmeline Kell b. 1848; 3. Constance Kell b. 1849; 4. Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell b. 1850, d. 1915.
Konarski family (Calvinist): Joachim Konarski (his son Samuel Alexander Ernest was born 1802/1803 in Krakow, emigrated to London, after 1830-31 war with Russia, died Nice, France aged 90, 14 January 1893; descendants of Alexander's daughters in UK & France. Joachim was created a count of Galicia.
Widow and trustee of the West India merchant, plantation owner and slave-factor Philip Monoux Lucas: the wife of Philip Monoux Lucas is shown as 'Sarah' (born Ireland) in the baptisms of their children and in Philip Monoux Lucas's will which names their surviving children as Anna Maria, Harriet Fraser, Emma, James and George.
Anna Maria Lucas married the Austrian Joseph Ferdinand Count de Taafe and Harriet Fraser Lucas married Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski.
Sarah Lucas was living at 7 Cambridge Terrace in 1841, age 60, of independent means, born Ireland, with her children James age 25, Emma age 20, George age 22.

KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel (1803-1893) was son of Joachim Konarski and unknown wife.

Major S. P. LUCAS KONARSKI, late 25th Regt. and King's Own Scottish Borderers, only son of COUNT ALEXANDER KONARSKI, born 1843, d. at Torquay on 11 Dec. 1887, aged 44.

Patrick MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris, banker
[only son of Valentine MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris, banker, who was b. in Macroom in the province of Munster, Ireland, Munster is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the south of Ireland; by his wife, a daughter of Count Alexander Konarski, Officer de Chasseurs polonaise. Patrick was in Apr. 1896 created by Pope Leo XIII as MARQUESS MACSWINEY OF MASHANAGLASS (McSweeney / MARCHESE MACSWINEY DI MASHANAGLASS)].
In the mid 19th century the representatives of John McSweeny held a land in the county Cork at the parishes of Kilnaglory and St Finbarrs - barony of Cork, and John McSweeney held a land in the parish of Drishane - barony of West Muskerry. In the 1870s various members of the McSweeney family owned acreages of 100+ around Cork city and John McSweeney of Macroom owned 599 acres. The MacSwiney family originally held land at Mashanaglass near Macroom.
Valentine Emanuel Patrick MacSwiney / McSweeney (1871-1945), son of Valentine P. MacSwiney / McSweeney, a banker, was born in Paris and created a Marquess by Pope Leo XIII.
Philip Monoux Lucas was a partner in a number of companies and resided in the West Indies between about 1802 and 1810. He acted as an agent for the sale of slaves on the island of St Vincent. The James & Co. report that their ship Stork is ready to sail for Angola to ... the West Indies, calling first at Barbados. The Liverpool firm requests Lucas & Co. to lodge a letter in Barbados with information respecting the market for slaves in St Vincent.

Caroline Lee Radziwill née Bouvier; born 1933, also known as Lee Radziwill, the younger sister of the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, and sister-in-law of President John F. Kennedy. Caroline has been married three times. Her first marriage, in 1953, was to Michael Temple Canfield, maybe son of Prince George, Duke of Kent, a member of the British Royal Family; she was married second in 1959, to Polish prince Stanisław Albrecht Radziwiłł, who divorced his second wife, the former Grace Maria Kolin; their marriage ended in divorce in 1974.
Prince Stanisław Albrecht "Stash" Radziwiłł, b. 1914, d. 1976, was son of Janusz Franciszek, Prince Radziwiłł (1880 - 1967) and Anna, Princess Lubomirska (1882 - 1947). Janusz Franciszek, Prince Radziwiłł was son of Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Pelagia Sapieha.
Ferdynand Fryderyk Radziwiłł (1834 in Berlin - 1926 in Rome) was a Polish nobleman and Polish-German politician, son of Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł b. 1809 - Boguslaw was great-grandson of King Frederick William I of Prussia, great-great-grandson of King George I of Great Britain, cousin of William I, German Emperor and Tsar Alexander II of Russia.

Hugh D. Auchincloss / Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. b. 1897 in Newport, Rhode Island, United States, died 1976; education at Yale University, stockbroker, lawyer, married Maya de Chrapovitsky in 1925 to 1932; 2nd Nina S. Gore (m. 1935-41), 3rd Janet Lee Bouvier (m. 1942); children Hugh Dudley Auchincloss III, Nina Gore Auchincloss, Thomas Gore, Janet Jennings Auchincloss, James Lee.

Maya de Chrapovitsky's parents:
Count Nicolas de Chrapovitsky Lieut. Col., born Sankt-Peterburg, Russia; died 1905 in Port Arthur, China; he was in the Russian Navy and was killed at Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. He married to Margharita Taylor b. 07.02.1872, d. Los Angeles, 1942. Children - Olga de Chrapovitsky b. 1898 m. Edward R. Condon; and above Maya de Chrapovitsky b. 1899 m. 1st Hugh Dudley Auchincloss Jr, 2nd Eldbridge Rand.
Maya de Chrapovitsky's grandparents: Henry Augustus Taylor 1839 - 1899, and Mary Anna Meyer ca 1844 - 1878.
Her sister was Olga de Chrapovitsky b. 1898, Saint Petersburg, d. 1991, Laguna Beach, CA.
We know on MARIA CHRAPOWICKA the wife to Karol Epstein b. ca 1890, that is Maria Chrapowicka born to Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 and Maria Jaksa-Dębicka 1863-1909. Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 was son of Ignacy Antoni Chrapowicki b. 1817 in Witebsk, Vitebsk; d. 1893; grandson of Eustachy Chrapowicki / Chrapovickis b. circa 1790. Eustachy was the son of Józef Chrapowicki 1750 - 1812 and Magdalena Ogińska b. 1760 daughter of Józef Ogiński and Apolonija WYHOWSKA - Oginskiene.
Remember - A.
Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Łuczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz senior b. ca 1675, and grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki.
B.
Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 or 1780 - 1812, son of
Tadeusz Wankowicz that is Антон Тадэвушавіч Ваньковіч / Antoni Wańkowicz / Антон Тадеушевич Ванькович, 1780 - 1812, the Marshal of the Ihumen district (1805 - 1808) (preceded by Michael S. Prushinskiy, succeeded Osztarp / Leo Franzevich Oshtarp 1785 - 1851), landowner of the Minsk government. Catholic.
His father Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz junior [b. ca 1720 ? - see above !] son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior
(Tadeusz Wańkowicz / Wladyslaw Tadeusz Wankowicz was clerk of the Lithuania Court in 1711, 1717, 1722, 1726, in Minsk 1730, member of the Parliament in 1730, owner of the Swołna / Swolna / Svolna estate - then Zarako Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz - in 1725, was born ca 1675, his wife Helena Wołodkowicz b. ca 1685; his parents: Jan Wańkowicz inf. 1671, b. ca 1646, m. Zofia Chrapowicki owner of the Swołna estate, the Połock clark, she was daughter of Tomasz Chrapowicki; Tomasz Chrapowicki studied in Cracow in 1633, office in Polock in 1668, owner of the Swołna land estate, b. ca 1615, d. after 1668)
that is Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich (Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of above Tadeusz Wankowicz), and his wife Anna Antonievna Sventarzhetskaya / Anna Swietorzecka b. ca 1735;
wife of Tadeusz Wankowicz that is Антон Тадэвушавіч Ваньковіч / Antoni Wańkowicz / Антон Тадеушевич Ванькович, 1780 - 1812 was Anna Stanislavovna Soltan.

The Chrapowicki family:

Lieutenant Nikolai Sergeyevich Khrapovitsky / Khrapovitsky Nikolai Sergeevich / Храповицкий Николай Сергеевич died 1905.05.15 close to Cushima / Tsushima; Lieutenant, the chief officer of the watch. He died on the battleship Emperor Alexander III in the battle with the Japanese in the Tsushima Strait. Sunk 14 (27) May 1905 at 18:50. None of the battleship team escaped. He come from Jason Khrapovitsky Semenovich (1785-1851) - Russian military and statesman, Major General, privy councilor, governor of Smolensk.

Jason S. Khrapovitsky [Ясон, Язон, Иасон, Джейсон, Жазон] was son of Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Chrapowicki [see below !] and Maria Lvovna Chernysheva; Jason was the husband of Elizabeth Andreyevna Kleinmichel (1795-1842). Above Elizabeth Andreyevna Kleinmichel / Елизавета Андреевна Храповицкая nee Клейнмихель [wife of named above JASON CHRAPOWICKI], 1795 - 1842, was the daughter of Andreas (Andrej Andreevič) Kleinmichel and Anna Eleonore (Elizaveta Francovna); sister of Peter (Pyotr Andreevich) Graf Kleinmichel; Marie Hartong and Варвара Андреевна Огарева.

JASON was the father of Sergei Yasonovich Khrapovitsky b. 1829 [Sergei was the husband of Alexandra Pavlovna Khrapovitsky; staff captain retired in 1879]; JASON was the brother of Ivan Semenovich Khrapovitsky and Stepan Semenovich Khrapovitsky. Jason was Major General, and member of the Internal Affairs Ministry Council, military service began in 1801 with the rank of non-commissioned officer of the Horse Guards. In 1802 transferred to Pavlograd Hussars, participated in the war 1805-1806, in Saxony, Bavaria, Austria and Prussia.

Above Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Семён Яковлевич Храповицки / Chrapowicki (1752 - 1819), was a nobility marshal of the Yukhnovsky district.

Above Sergej b. 1829 had son Nikolai Chrapowicki / Mikolaj Chrapowicki / Храповицкий Николай Сергеевич b. ca 1860 / 1870, died on 14 May 1905 or 1905.05.15; and his granddaugter was Maria Maja Chrapowicka b. 1899. Maria Nikolayevna "Maya" Chrapovitsky Rand b. 1899 in Saint Petersburg; died in San Diego County in California, USA, had a son - Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1927 - 2015).

Józef Chrapowicki, was the son of Dominik Chrapowicki.
Jozef had brother Eustachy Chrapowicki [see below !].
JOZEF was Army Major General; Member of Smolensk, and the Polotsk Province on the election of King Stanisław August. In 1765, a judge of the Smolensk land, office in Mścisław in 1784; inf. of 1786, 1785, 1787, 1774 owner of Dworzno; 1791, m. Helena Suffczynska, childless.
Above Dominik Chrapowicki / Дементий Михайлович Храповицкий b. ca 1695, was son of Михаил Андреевич Храповицкий [Michail b. ca 1660, died 1710, was son of ANDRZEJ CHRAPOWICKI / Андрей Яковлевич Храповицкий b. ca 1640] and Наталья Ивановна
DOMINIK / Dementij was a taskmaster.
Named Dominik Chrapowicki born before 1700, d. 1729, was the husband of Rozalia Rypińska, and was the father of above
Eustachy Chrapowicki;
Jerzy Chrapowicki / Юрий (Георгий) Дементьевич Храповицкий;
Иван Дементьевич Храповицкий / Jan Chrapowicki;
Jakov - Colonel of Smolensk (1741), and a judge of Smolensk (1780);
and mentioned above Józef Chrapowicki b. ca 1729.

Mentioned above Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Семён Яковлевич Храповицки / Chrapowicki (1752 - 1819) was son of mentioned above Jakob / Jacob / Яков Дементьевич Храповицкий b. ca 1725, and grandson of Dementiy / Dominikas / DOMINIK Chrapowicki / Дементий Михайлович Храповицкий b. ca 1695.

Mentioned above Eustachy Chrapowicki, the judge in Polotsk, in 1765 the Swolna estate owner;
with Balbina Pakoszówna had a
son Piotr Celestine Chrapowicki who bought Sielut / SIELUTA in 1805, served the Russian Army, m. Helena Górecka with her son
Michał Chrapowicki, Marshal of the province of Vitebsk, married to Countess Lidia Apraksin. His sons:
Aleksander, an officer of the Russian Chevalier;
N. Teplov; and
Dimitri Chrapowicki married with lady of the Russian court.

Eustachy Chrapowicki, come from a branch of Jan Chrapowicki, inf. Vitebsk, Mozyr in 1623, the owner of Kochanowicze in the province of Polotsk, married to Christine Łowejko / Krystyna Lowejko, and had several sons and a daughter, Helena, married to Prince Dimitri Ogiński in 1650.

The same branch of Chrapowicki: after it goes - named above
Dominik + Rozalia Rypinska,
and Tomasz Chrapowicki, inf. Polotsk in 1668;
Theophilus in Polotsk, assets from King Jan III.

Dominik Chrapowicki, owner of Kochanowicze, the estate then passed on to his son Eustachy Chrapowicki, who was born by Rozalia Rypińska.

Eustachy Chrapowicki inf. Starodub in 1765, 1775; in 1779 m. Teresa Szczyt;
her son was Józef Chrapowicki;
his father in Starodub in 1778, then was the Polock / Polotsk province marshal of the nobility.

Józef Chrapowicki in 1812 divorced with Franciszka Hryniewiecka (she m. Woyniłłowicz),
and 2nd time married to a princess Magdalena Oginska with sons:
Antoni; Michal Chrapowicki, and Eustachy jr. b. 1790;

below sons of above Józef Chrapowicki:

1) Anthony 1775-1851 married (two times: N. Wolska b. 1790; Ewelina)
to Ewelina Mirska / Ewelina Światopełk-Mirska, owner of Datnow, his sons:
Adam, b. 1820, the owner of Datnow;
Gabriel / Gabryel, 1820 - 1881, owner of Terespol;
and daughters, Stanisława Kłobukowska and Antonina Kreutz.
Above Ewelina Chrapowicka nee Światopełk-Mirska, daughter of Stanisław Wojciech Światopełk-Mirski and Stanisława; wife of Antoni Chrapowicki; mother of Gabriel Chrapowicki; Adam Chrapowicki and Antonina Kreutz, by Andrzej Hennel.
Mentioned above Adam Chrapowicki married three times:
a. Maria Römer b. 1829, d. 1852, daughter of Józef Römer and Aleksandra; she was mother of Ewelina Lubieniecka in 1871 m. to January Lubieniecki.
b. Kamila Berg / Camilla Berg, with son son Eustachy Chrapowicki, who died in his youth, and
c. Sophie Chlewińska with son Anthony (Zofia Chlewińska daughter of Jan Paweł Laurentius Chlewiński and Franciszka Puzyna; mother of Antoni Chrapowicki).
Antoni Chrapowicki married to Helena Janczewski b. 1875, daughter of Kazimierz and Helena Oskierko; owner of Terespol.

2) Michał Chrapowicki, Marschall of Dzisna county, and Minsk Province, owner of Jasnogórki and Korolla in Zmudz, and Prozorok in the county of Dzisna,
m. Joanna Okuszkówna / Okuszko with
a son and a daughter:
a. Kazimierz Chrapowicki 1817-1881 married to
Adela Ciechanowiecka 1823-1887 with children:
Włodzimierz Chrapowicki 1848-1909, Edward Chrapowicki 1853-1905; b. Józefa Chrapowicka b. (?) 1820 m. Stanisław Makowiecki b. 1800 with children:
Leontyna Makowiecka 1830-1902, Eugeniusz Makowiecki, Wincenty Makowiecki, Walerian Makowiecki.

Note on above
Kazimierz Chrapowicki / Казимир Михайлович Храповицкий b. 1817 / 1818, died in 1881 in Warsaw, 1837 officer, General lieutenant, war in 1849, 1856 at the Baltic Sea coast; 1877 Bessarabia.
His brother was Arkadiusz Chrapowicki / Arkady, m. to Stefania Radziwill.
His father Michal Mikolaj Chrapowicki b. 1780, and brother of his father -
Antoni Chrapowicki m. Ewelina Kamilla Ewa Swiatopelk-Mirska;
grandparents of above Kazimierz: Jozef / Josil Chrapowicki and Magdalena Oginska b. ca 1760; her brother was Ignacy Oginski b. 1755, d. 1787, m. Jozefa.

Ignacy Ogiński Duke, son of Józef Ogiński and Antonina Biallozor, husband of Józefa Zofia Łopacińska, and father of Paulina Antonina Franciszka Łopacińska and Gabriel Józef Ogiński Duke; half brother of Helena Wiktoria Łopacińska and mentioned Magdalena Chrapowicka - inf. by Andrzej Hennel.

Gabriel Jozef Andrzej Oginski 1784-1842, Duke, General in 1831, next of kin of Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833).
His parents Ignacy Oginski 1755-1787 and Jozefa Zofia Oginska (b. 1760).
Gabriel Jozef Andrzej Oginski in 1806 served the Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
Ignacy Ogiński b. 1755, son of Józef Ogiński
(Józef Ogiński 1713 in the Krzywy Róg county, d. 1776, son of Karol Ogiński;
Karol b. ca 1690
[his brother was
Marcjan Oginski / Marcian Michal Oginski b. 1672 in Witebsk
with children:
Benedykta Tyszkiewicz d. before 1748,
Barbara Pac d. 1725,
Ignacy Oginski b. 1698,
Marciana Potocka b. ca 1700 d. 1766,
Stanisław Ogiński 1710 - 1748,
Tadeusz Franciszek Ogiński 1712 - 1783,
Andrzej Ignacy Ogiński 1739 - 1787 with his children:
Józefa Ogińska, and
born 1765 in Guzow famous Michał Kleofas Ogiński 1765 - 1833 with his children:
Emma Brzostowska / Wysocka,
Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński 1798 - 1844,
Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński 1801 - 1837,
Amelia Załuska 1805 - 1858,
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski 1808 - 1863, with his children:
Bogdan Michał Ogiński + Maria Gabriela Potulicka 1855 - 1927,
and Michał Mikołaj Ogiński];
great-grandson of Bogusław Ogiński 1669 - 1730 from Szymon Karol / Symeon Ogiński b. ca 1621, died in 1699 and Teodora Korsak)
and Antonina;
father of Paulina Antonina Franciszka Łopacińska and above mentioned Gabriel Józef Ogiński b. 1784.

Sons of above named Kazimierz Chrapowicki:
Edward, and Wlodzimierz / Vladimir Kazimirovich Chrapowicki m. Maria Jadwiga Aleksandra Kossakowska with children:
1. Aleksandra Maria Adelaida / Adela nee Chrapowicka b. 1882 d. 1941, m. Jozef Edward Puzyna b. 1878, Duke;
2. Maria Klotylda Waleria Chrapowicka 1896 - 1944 m. Aleksander Apoloniusz Taube 1885 - 1946, Baron, with children:
a. Aleksandra Maria Wręcka born 1922 d. 1993 in Westmead in Australia, m. Stanislaw Oertel b. 1910 / 1920 (family from Lithuania, samples: Oertel Jan, in Janowiciszki, Radziwiliszki, Szawle; Oertel Karol, in Poszawsze, Szawle; Oertel, in Poszymsze; Oertel, Wiktoryn),
and b. Zofia Gustawa Gozdawa born 1925 - inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene at geni.com.

Michał Chrapowicki with his second wife -
Jozefa Korsak had

son Arkadyusz married Stefania Julia Radziwiłł 1825-1896.
Genealogy of Stefania Julia nee Radziwill:

she come from famous Stanisław Radziwiłł Duke, b. 1722

(Stanisław Radziwiłł 1722-1787, was a member of the Confederation of Andrzej Mokronowski in 1776 and Member of Parliament in 1776. Andrzej Mokronowski b. 1713 - d. 1784, was one of the first Polish Masons, he founded Masonic lodge of the Three Brothers in Warsaw in 1744; he was Grand Master of the Grand Orient of the Polish Kingdom and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1784. He was the second husband of Izabella Poniatowska, sister of Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski),

with his son Mikołaj Radziwiłł b. 1747; and his son was also Mikołaj Radziwiłł junior b. 1801, with daughter mentioned above Stefania Julia Radziwiłł Princess, b. 1825, m. ca 1840 to Arkadiusz Chrapowicki and 2nd to Kajetan Oskierka with child: Adolf Oskierka / Oskierko b. ca 1868 - d. 1901.

Above Kazimierz Chrapowicki 1817 - 1881, son of Michal Mikolaj Chrapowicki and Joanna Radwan-Okuszko, was husband of Adela and father of Włodzimierz Chrapowicki and Edward Chrapowicki.
Kazimierz Chrapowicki, Major General of the Russian army; his wife Adelaide Ciechanowiecki had mentioned sons,
Vladimir and Edward.
Adelaide that is Adela Ciechanowiecka b. 1823.

Vladimir Chrapowicki, general of the Russian army, married in 1881 to Marya Kossakowska, daughter of Stanisław Kossakowski and Aleksandra Chodkevičiai / Alexandra Chodkiewicz, with
daughter Alexandra and their sons,
Ignacy, born in 1884;
Sigismund born in 1885;
Jozef Chrapowicki, born in 1887;
and Stanisław, born in 1891.
Edward Chrapowicki, the colonel of the Russian Imperial Army, married in 1879 to Leopoldine Lachnicki, daughter of Ignacy, general of the imperial Russian army.

3) Eustachy Chrapowicki b. 1790, m. in 1810 to Amelia Gorska 1793-1866, daughter of
Stanisław August Gorski b. 1745 and
Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1767-1796;

his children:
a. Ignacy Antoni, Marschall of the Witebsk gov., 1817-1893 m. Salomea Czechowicz b. 1830 with
aa. Michał Chrapowicki b. 1860 + Józefa Śmigielska with Ignacy Michał Chrapowicki 1888-1969 and Stanisław Chrapowicki b. 1900;
ab. Maria Chrapowicka 1862-1887;
ac. Jadwiga Maria Chrapowicka 1863-1942 m. Teofil Stanisław Plater-Zyberk 1862-1918 with
Marian Plater-Zyberk b. 1891 and
Ignacy Emil Plater-Zyberk 1893-1973;
Henryk Plater-Zyberk 1894-1920;
Ireneusz Plater-Zyberk 1896-1946;
ad. Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 m. Maria Jaksa-Dębicka 1863-1909 with
Eustachy Marian Chrapowicki 1892-1937; Antonina Chrapowicka 1894-1978; Witold Chrapowicki 1900-1964; Ignacy Chrapowicki b. 1900;
Maria Chrapowicka;
b. Amela Julia Chrapowicka 1820-1866 m. Aloizy Swołyński of Kniażyce b. 1830 with
Amelia Swołyńska 1858-1890 + Michał Benisławski 1860-1933 with
Michał Benisławski 1884-1971,
Juliusz Benisławski 1885-1972,
Jadwiga Benisławska 1890-1926.

About Kochanowicze / Kochanavichi of the Chrapowicki family, Asveja, Stara Swolna (Malkiewicz), Zaborze / Zaborje, Holubowo palace of Zarako Zarakowski and Kniaziewo or Kniażyce / Княжыцы, Княжицы, Kniażyce, Kniažycy; the Swolna estate of Zarako-Zarakowski - here Konstantynowicz also:
Kochanowicz to Zaborze - 11 km south-east; Kochanowicz to Holubowo south-east ca 14 km; Zaborze to Holubowo 3 km south-west; Kochanowicz to Stara Swolna - south-east ca 9 km; Kochanowicz to the Swolna estate ca 10 km south-east.
Verkhnyadzvinsk / Dryssa to Kochanowicze north-east ca 18 km.

Count Jozef Zarakowski / Zarako - Zarakovski. Born ca 1833 (like Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833), owner of Holubowo palace, Kniaziewo estate, big Swolna lands, Wasilewo village in the Dryssa ujezd, the Witebsk government, Russia.
His wife Teofila.

c. Maria Tekla Kazimiera Chrapowicka 1826-1887 m. Michał Józef Jan Niemirowicz-Szczytt b. 1828 with
Justynian Eustachy Józef Niemirowicz-Szczytt m. Franciszka Szemiot.
Stanisław August Gorski b. 1745 m. Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1767-1796, with mentioned above Amelia Gorska 1793-1866, that is Amelija Gorskaite m. Eustachijus Chrapovickis.
Eustachy Chrapowicki / Eustache, owner of Kochanowicze, Russian Marshal, m. Amelia Berg with three daughters, of whom
Marya married Michał Peak (?), and
Amela / Amela Julia Chrapowicka 1820-1866 m. Aloizy Swołyński b. 1830.
ALOJZY Swołyński b. ca 1820, d. after 1881, son of Trojan and Anna Korsak, owner of Kniażyce close to Swolna, and Rozalin, office in the Dryssa county, the Marshal of this county in 1881,
m. 1st in 1851 to Konstancja Roszkowska and
2nd to above Julia Chrapowicka b. ca 1835 ? died 1866, daughter of Eustachy of Kochanowicze, and Amelia Gorska;
Julia had daughter Amelia.
Ignacy Chrapowicki, owner of Kochanowicze, Marshal of Goverment of Vitebsk, m. Salomea Czechowicz, with his son,
Maryan, m. to Maria Debicka in 1887 in Krakow, and
his daughters, Marya and
Jadwiga m. Teofil Zyberg - Plater.

Józef Chrapowicki, son of Dominik Chrapowicki, and his brother Eustachy Chrapowicki, as Army Major General; Member of Smolensk, Polotsk Province on the election of King Stanisław August. In 1765, a judge of the Smolensk land, office in Mścisław in 1784; inf. of 1786, 1785, 1787, 1774 owner of Dworzno; 1791, m. Helena Suffczynska, childless.

Dominik Chrapowicki b. circa 1700, d. 1729, husband of Rozalia Rypińska, father of Eustachy Chrapowicki; Jan Chrapowicki;
his son Eustachy Chrapowicki, the judge in Polotsk, in 1765 the Swolna estate owner;
with Balbina Pakoszówna had a
son Piotr Celestine Chrapowicki; who bought Sielut in 1805, served the Russian Army, m. Helena Górecka with his
son Michał, Marshal of the province of Vitebsk, married to Countess Lidia Apraksin.
His sons:
Aleksander, an officer of the Russian Chevalier;
N. Teplov; and
Dimitri married with lady of the Russian court.
We back to Józef Pakosz, 1690-1747 married Teresa Pakosz nee Despot - Zenowicz in 1722; Teresa was born in 1690. They had one daughter Balbina Chrapowicka.
Helena Chrapowicka in 1667 m. Karol Lisowski, colonel.
Anna Chrapowicka in the early eighteenth century m. Jan Lacki, Chamberlain of Samogitia;
Christine Chrapowicka m. Jozef Stefan Piotrowski 1721.

Maria Nikolayevna "Maya" Chrapovitsky Rand b. 1899 in Saint Petersburg; died in San Diego County in California, USA.
Her son - Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1927 - 2015).
Maya de Chrapovitsky was a Russian aristocrat who was born in St. Petersburg. She was the daugther of Count Nicolas de Chrapovitsky, who died in 1905, and of Margharita Taylor. 1925, New York, she married the wealthy Hugh Dudley Auchincloss Jr., having one son: Yusha. Yusha's parents divorced, and his father wed Nina Gore, mother of novelist Gore Vidal. That marriage ended, too, after less than six years. Maya died in 1990.
Maya had a son, Charles, by Elbridge Rand. Charles was the half-brother of Hugh Auchinclos; her son, Charles Rand, lived at her house in La Jolla, California. When she met Auchincloss, she was working as a waitress.
Hugh Dudley AUCHINCLOSS Jr. born 1897 in Newport, R.I.; died 1976 in Washington, D.C.; he married Maya de CHRAPOVITSKY in 1925; GORE, Nina; LEE, Janet Norton.
Hugh Dudley AUCHINCLOSS III was born in 1927. Hugh D. Auchincloss III (Yusha) was Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis' step-brother and close personal friend. After his father married Janet Lee Bouvier in June 1942, Yusha, and Jackie, spent summers together at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island, and corresponded extensively until her death in 1994.

Adamson was the first to publish letters betweeen the de Mohrenschildts to President Kennedy, Jacqueline Kennedy BOUVIER, Vice-President Lyndon Baines Johnson, CIA Directors Allen Dulles and George H. W. Bush.

GEORGE DE MOHRENSCHILDT who was born in Mozyr / Mozyrz, and escaped with family to Poland, in 1939 worked for Humble Oil in Houston, Texas. 1944 moved to Texas, applied at Colorado School of Mines, Rice Institute and University of Texas. Worked in Venezuela. George in 1946 returned to the United States. Went to work for Rangely Field Committee in Colorado; met Phyllis Washington during vacation in New York. 1947 went to Haiti.
After Second World War George de Mohrenschildt advanced within State Department, CIA and governmental circles. George H. W. Bush knew George de Mohrenschildt since 1942.
Allen Dulles knew de Mohrenschildt's brother in 1953.
George knew Jackie Kennedy and her mother Janet Bouvier in 1938, also knew Mrs. Kennedy's dress designer Oleg Cassini and his brother Igor. George was business partners with Mohamed Al Fayed in 1964. Fayed had an affair with Alexandra de Mohrenschildt and James Angleton of the CIA was interested in this.

Samuel Walter Washington father-in-law to George de Mohrenschildt, was in charge of more than 250 CIA agents between 1950-53, but George was Lee Harvey Oswald's closest friend. Mr. Washington worked with Allen Dulles, Frank Wisner, Robert P. Joyce, J. Caldwell King and other top CIA officials. In 1953 future Warren Commissioner Allen Dulles was working with the father-in-law of George de Mohrenschildt in the Guatemala Coup. S. W. Washington worked for the State Department from 1926 to 1954; Washington had been assigned to CIA from the Foreign Service in September 1950.

Washington's step-daughter, Fifi / Phyllis married von George / Jurij / Yuri de Mohrenschildt on July 11, 1948 or in 1947. In 1949 he divorced from Phyllis Washington. Washington was descended to the brothers of first President George Washington. This would have been on both his mother and father's side of the family. George then married Wynne Sharples. 1952 terminated partnership with Ed Hooker, returned to New York. Formed Walden Oil Co. with wife's uncle, Col. Edward J. Walz. Traveled to Nigeria, France, Mexico on oil exploration, also Ghana, Togo, Cuba, in Yugoslavia for International Cooperation Administration and Yugoslav Government. Met Jeanne Le Gon in Dallas. Visited Poland for 10 days. Visited Dominican Embassy in Washington; 1959 or 1960 moved to Mexico City for Texans Eastern Corp. and encountered Mikoyan. Early 1962 he went to Haiti; returned to Luisiana, began geology consulting work in Dallas.
Summer 1962 told by George Bouhe of Oswald; went with Colonel Orlov to visit Oswalds; introduced him to Samuel Ballen in December 1962 or January 1963.
George's brother, Dimitri Mohrenschildt was the founder of the CIA's Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty; Dimitri died in 2002.
Three days after Allen Dulles took over as CIA Director in February of 1953 he was writing to Dimitri Mohrenschildt - the brother of Lee Harvey Oswald's pal, George de Mohrenschildt.
Since 1953 future Warren Commisioner Allen Dulles had been working with George de Mohrenschildt's brother Dimitri and his father-in-law.

In 1920, Ferdinand's (von Mohrenschildt) nephew Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, the older brother of George, arrived in the United States and entered Yale University. His admission was likely smoothed by the connections of the Harriman family; Dimitri von Mohrenschildt after graduating from Yale, was offered a position teaching the exclusive Loomis School near Hartford, Connecticut, where John D. Rockefeller III was a student. There, Dimitri became friendly with Roland and Winifred Betty Cartwright Holhan Hooker;
Dimitri served the Office of Strategic Services, later cofounding Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. In 1941, Dimitri also founded a magazine, the Russian Review, and later became a professor at Dartmouth.
Dimitri in the summer of 1936 traveled to Europe, followed a week later by Betty Hooker. The relationship between Bush and Hooker lasted for three decades, until 1967, when Hooker died. 1937, Betty Hooker and Dimitri von Mohrenschildt married. By then, Dimitri had been hired by Henry Luce as a stringer for Time magazine. Meanwhile, Dimitri's younger brother, George, had been living with their family in Wilno; in May 1938, George arrived from Europe to US and lived with his brother and new sister-in-law in their Park Avenue apartment.
Future Warren Commissioner, CIA Director Allen Dulles' knew George de Mohrenschildt's brother Dimitri. He wrote to Dimitri three days after he took over the office as CIA Director in Feb. 1953.
Allen Dulles' uncle Robert Lansing and de Mohrenschildt's grandfather-by-marriage, William Gibbs McAdoo co-founded the Secret Service together during the Woodrow Wilson administration.

In 1964 Allen Dulles interrogated the de Mohrenschildts' for more than 250 pages during The Warren Commission Report and Dulles did not think the public should know about his ties to de Mohrenschildt; Allen Dulles dated Mary Bancroft who was the best friend of Michael Paine's mother, Ruth Forbes Paine. It was Michael who put the Oswalds' up in his home; his wife found him a job.
See http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html

At http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ we read:
"... Zbigniew Brzezinski is Barack Obama's foreign policy advisor. ... Brzezinski was the national security advisor for President Carter from 1977 to 1981. In 1988 he endorsed H. W. Bush for President and was Co-Chair of the H. W. Bush national security advisory task force. From 1987 to 1989 he also served on the H. W. Bush's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. Clinton Secretary of State Madeline Albright was a student of Brzezinski's. G. W. Bush Secretary of State, Condi Rice (also a former national security advisor), who studied under Albright's father, shares many of the same world government views with Brzezinski and Albright...".
"...this is not an argument that David Rockefeller first invented Jimmy Carter around 1971, arranged for Zbigniew Brzezinski to train him in global politics, and then rigged his nomination and election. ... The second Rockefeller connection - more obvious, less noted - was the Trilateral Commission. The Trilateral Commission was David Rockefeller's brain ­ child ... The commission was conceived in 1972 as a private vehicle for planning the industrial world's course out of the international monetary crisis (and John Connally's cowboy responses) of that period, away from the 'Nixon shocks' that had troubled Japan ... Jimmy Carter had been the one Democratic governor chosen among sixty North American members of the Trilateral Commission in 1973...".
"...Patrick Wood, author of 'Trilaterals Over Washington', points out there are only 87 members of the Trilateral Commission who live in America. Obama appointed eleven of them to posts in his administration. For example: Tim Geithner, Treasury Secretary; James Jones, National Security Advisor; Paul Volker, Chairman, Economic Recovery Committee; Dennis Blair, Director of National Intelligence. Several other noteworthy Trilateral members: George H. W. Bush; Bill Clinton; Dick Cheney; Al Gore. Keep in mind that the original stated goal of the TC was to create 'a new international economic order'. In the run-up to his inauguration after the 2008 presidential election, Obama was tutored by the co-founder of the Trilateral Commission, Zbigniew Brzezinski ...".

Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski, geostrategist, served to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 to 1968 and to President Jimmy Carter 1977 - 1981. Brzezinski belongs to the school of Halford Mackinder and Nicholas J. Spykman.
Sir Halford John Mackinder b. 1861, was a member of the Coefficients dining club, set up in 1902 by the Fabian campaigners Sidney and Beatrice Webb; in 1919 said: "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; Who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; Who rules the World Island commands the World," to warn of the possibility of another major war like by John Maynard Keynes; Mackinder was anti-Bolshevik, and as British High Commissioner in Southern Russia in late 1919 and early 1920.
Nicholas John Spykman b. 1893, known as the "godfather of containment," arguing that the balance of power in Eurasia directly affected United States security [1943/1944]; he thought that it was in U.S. interests to leave Germany strong after World War II in order to be able to counter Russia's power.
Again to ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI - before his government service, Brzezinski was on the faculty of Harvard University (1953-60) and Columbia University (1960-69), worked on a doctorate with Merle Fainsod [ca 1951 ? - 1953].
Merle Fainsod (1907 - 1972) was an American political scientist, worked on public administration; in 1932, "Fainsod traveled to the Soviet Union on a Sheldon Fellowship, gaining his first exposure to the country. In 1933, he returned to the United States and began teaching in the government department at Harvard"! He was chosen as a staff member for the Brownlow Committee in 1936. The President's Committee on Administrative Management, known as the Brownlow Committee, was a committee that in 1937 recommended changes to the executive branch of the United States government, resulted in the creation of the Executive Office of the President with Louis Brownlow, Charles Merriam, and Luther Gulick. "... Some of the most important recommendations from the council include creating aides to the President ... ". Note at margin: Willard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908) was an American philosopher, appointed a Harvard Junior Fellow, in 1932 - 1933, he travelled in Europe thanks to a Sheldon fellowship, meeting Alfred Tarski, Rudolf Carnap and A. J. Ayer.
We back to Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI: in 1960 Brzezinski was an advisor to the John F. Kennedy, "urging a non-antagonistic policy toward Eastern European governments, predicted the future breakup of the Soviet Union along lines of nationality"; Brzezinski continued to argue for and support detente for the next few years; Brzezinski continued to support engagement with Eastern European governments; 1966 to 1968, Brzezinski served as a member of the Policy Planning Council of the U.S. Department of State for the President Johnson; in 1968, an events in Czechoslovakia further reinforced Brzezinski's criticisms of the right's aggressive stance toward Eastern European governments.
By Lisa Barron: "... After the September 11 attacks in 2001, Brzezinski was criticized for the role he played in the 1980s, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, in the formation of the Afghan Mujahideen network, some of whom later formed the Taliban and al Qaeda. He maintained that the blame should be directed at the Soviet Union. He was a leading critic of George W. Bush's war on terror and wrote two books condemning Bush's foreign policy. ... In August, 2007, Brzezinski endorsed then Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama. ... In endorsing him, Brzezinski said 'What makes Obama attractive to me is that he understands that we live in a very different world where we have to relate to a variety of cultures and people'. ... Brzezinski is pro-Israel, he is a so-called Liberal Zionist ...".



Introduction and brief guide on how to read this page about the secret network around our world.

A speech [April 1961] of the President J. F. Kennedy:

"... I want to talk about our common responsibilities in the face of a common danger. ... The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. ... Today no war has been declared - and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired. ... For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations. Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined.

Its dissenters are silenced, not praised.

No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed,

no secret is revealed.

... and the question remains whether those restraints need to be more strictly observed if we are to oppose this kind of attack as well as outright invasion...".

In his speech [April 1961] President Kennedy addresses his discontent with the press's news coverage before, and during, and after the Bay of Pigs incident, suggesting there is a need for "far greater public information" and "far greater official secrecy". April the 28th, 1961 we read on the 'JFK Tells of Red Menace',
"President Kennedy told the nations newspaper publishers Thursday night that no formally declared war ever posed as great a threat to American security as does the rampant worldwide menace of communism. In view of this deadly challenge, he urged newspapers across the land to re-examine their obligations in the light of global danger and, in presenting the news, to heed the duty of self-restraint. Kennedy ... speaking at the annual Waldorf-Astoria dinner of the Bureau of Advertising of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, suggested there is a need for greater public information, and at the same time a need for greater official secrecy...".
On April 28, 1961, President Kennedy explained what is meant by the term: "The Communist conspiracy". We read The Address in Chicago at a Dinner of the Democratic Party of Cook County on April 28, 1961:
"Mayor Daley, Governor Kerner, Senator Douglas, Congressman Dawson, Chairman Cullerton ... ladies and gentlemen: ... We live in a hazardous and dangerous time. ... Now our great responsibility is to be the chief defender of freedom, in this time of maximum danger. Only the United States has the power and the resources and the determination. We have committed ourselves to the defense of dozens of countries stretched around the globe who look to us for independence, who look to us for the defense of their freedom. We are prepared to meet our obligations, but we can only defend the freedom of those who are determined to be free themselves. ... The Russians and the Chinese, containing within their borders nearly a billion people, totally mobilized for the advance of the Communist system, operating from narrow, interior lines of communication, pressuring on Southeast Asia with the masses of the Chinese armies potentially ready to move-of the Russians who hold great power potentially in the Middle East and Western Europe ... There is no easy answer to the dilemmas that we face. Our great ally is the fact that people do desire to be free, that people will sacrifice everything in their desire to maintain their independence. And as the true nature of the Communist conspiracy becomes better known around the globe, when people come to realize - as they surely will - that the Communist advance does not represent a means of liberation but represents a final enslavement, then I believe that they will rally to the cause to which we have given our support and our commitment".

The operation named the Bay of Pigs was launched in April 1961; the Cuban armed forces destroyed the invading force within three days; this failed action has caused repercussions among the leaders of the CIA, and were dismissed in autumn 1961, among others,
Director Allen Dulles, also
CIA Deputy Director Charles Cabell, and
Deputy Director for Plans Richard Mervin Bissell Jr.; on November 29th, 1961, the White House released about a resignation letter signed by Dulles.

Mentioned above Bissell moved after 1949 to Washington, where he associated with a group of journalists and politicians: Frank Wisner, George Kennan, Dean Acheson, Desmond FitzGerald, Joseph Alsop, Stewart Alsop, Tracy Barnes, Walt Rostow, Eugene Rostow, Cord Meyer, James Angleton, W. Averell Harriman, John McCloy, Felix Frankfurter, Allen W. Dulles, and Paul Nitze. In September 1960, Bissell and Allen W. Dulles, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, initiated talks with Johnny Roselli and Sam Giancana. Later, with Carlos Marcello, Santo Trafficante, Jr. and Meyer Lansky became involved in plot against Castro. Meyer Lansky, original name Maier Suchowljansky born in Grodno, or Meier Suchowlanski, moved to the United States through the port of Odessa. Bissell became head of the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) in 1962. IDA was a Pentagon think tank set up to evaluate weapons systems. After Bissell was Richard McGarrah Helms as head of the Institute for Defense Analyses who served as the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973. Helms began intelligence work with the Office of Strategic Services.

Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.

"...Lenin was preceded by a Swiss spy named Pierre Gilliard who was hired to tutor the Romanov children in French. Charles Sydney Gibbes was their English tutor. The Revolution was planned in London and Geneva... Both men were MI6 operatives (this is an opinion of Scrivener) and they could be relied upon to maintain strict secrecy as to the final fate of the Romanovs...", acc. to Patrick Scrivener.

The four daughters of Tsar Nicholas II spoke English with a slight Belfast accent, wrote Gareth Russell, historian. " The Emperor's four daughters had a Belfast nanny, Margaretta Eager / Margaretta Alexandra Eagar, ... along with their English tutor, a Scotsman called Mr Epps. When the Russian Imperial Family visited relatives in Britain, the girls' great-uncle, King Edward VII, was amused at the regional twangs they had picked up when they spoke English. The Tsarina quickly brought onboard another English tutor, Sydney Gibbes...". Margaretta Alexandra Eagar, from Limerick, 1898 until 1904 a nanny at the Russian Court. Margaretta / Margaret Alexandra Eagar b. 1863, an Irishwoman, 1906 she wrote a memoir entitled 'Six Years at the Russian Court'; she was born to a Protestant couple, Francis McGillycuddy Eagar and Frances Margaret Holden; a medical nurse in Belfast, nurse to the daughters of Nicholas II in 1898.

This structure had a military - intelligence - political nature. This structure created for decades the leading politicians, and drove to the spectacular political internationally events. The mystery of the complicated machines - several octopuses - caused the birth of conspiracy theories, such theories and journalism as Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay b. 1894.

For a 100 years such theories indicate specified states, as well as some nations or particular politicians, as drivers of the intelligence structure - this situation lasts from 1916 to today, May 2016.

The answer to the above question at the moment is gone.

In the history of Tsarist Russia, it is difficult to find a details, because there is difficult to get to archives of a special services and political institutions.

Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. It used French families located in Switzerland, Ceylon, France, Russia. Scottish and Irish families combined to Naples and Marseille, Ceylon, Odessa and Japan; Russians, English and Pilsudski entered by Japan to Ceylon; parallel from Odessa the Zionist movement came out founding a base of the state of Israel. Odessa has paired their to Berezino, Ireland - Japan - Ceylon.
And the whole system took over the movement of German from Estonia, and underground combat movement of Pilsudski, combining the objectives of the independence of these two states: Poland / Lithuania / Belarus + Estonia / Latvia, and as I wrote above Israel. Then they created a counterintelligence and intelligence of new Bolshevik Russia and the USSR. It already was a masterpiece, but totally wrecked by Stalin in 1937 - have to say that in this case, Stalin was a genius.
At the end, a part of that intelligence system of Soviet Union took over the colony by building its so-called People's Polish Republic and the Ministry of Defence, through affinitized of the Konstantynowiczs: the Jaroszewicz, Spychalski, Zarako Zarakowski families and friendly Swierczewski family.
Interesting in all of this is the use of Frenchmen to the creation of this system, most moved on the Konstantynowiczs - not so completely. This is the connection: Waclaw Sieroszewski a colleague of Azbelev, who was in Nagasaki - his brother is a director of the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz; so, the Nobel family with Sydney Reilly, an Irishman and a Jew from Odessa - this is the same family of Nobel, where one of the brothers was the head of the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - this is short way to the Swedish Enigma!
Waclaw Sieroszewski of course was mate to a brother of Jozef Pilsudski - Bronislaw, which of course anchored in Nagasaki, and then here sailed Reilly.
One very interesting figure - erased from history: Nikolay Russel / N. K. Sudzilovskiy / Sudzilowski from the Mscislaw district.
It's amazing that the October Revolution in 1917, which swept the Russian Empire, allowing the reconstruction of Poland, broke out just on the anniversary of the death of Tadeusz Kosciuszko, exactly the 100th anniversary of his death, and around Lenin appeared figures of the Polish nobility, which adopted a sense of the Kosciuszko Polish patriotism. "Instead, after the fall of Napoleon's empire in 1815 he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I in Braunau. In return for his prospective services, Kosciuszko demanded social reforms and territorial gains for Poland, which he wished to reach as far as the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east".
On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.
Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.
The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities.
This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland.
Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.
Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski was father of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI. Above named EDMUND b. 1829, in Dzierżynowo, d. 1872, m. HELENA JANUSZEWSKA, daughter of JANUSZEWSKI and KAZIMIERA JANUSZEWSKA [see Ignacy Januszewski 1804-1875, and Kazimiera Gorecka b. 1806, died 1897. See PILAR von PILCHAU of Parnu / PARNAWA!].
Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902, + Maria Billewicz 1842-1884 has 12 children, among others:
Helena Pilsudski b. 1864 d. 1917,
Zofia Kadenacy b. 1865, d. 1935 + Boleslaw Kadenacy,
Bronislaw Pilsudski [see Japan, Sieroszewski, Azbelev, Duflon...],
MARSHAL Józef Pilsudski 1867-1935,
Adam Pilsudski b. 1869,
Kazimierz Pilsudski,
and Maria nee Pilsudska, Juchniewiczowa / Juchniewicz b. 1873, d. 1921 + Cezary Juchniewicz.
Antoni Jerzy Bułhak / Antoni Bułhak b. 1898 in Zawoloczyce, married to Wanda Bułhak nee Juchniewicz daughter of Cezary Juchniewicz and above named Maria Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska, b. 1873 (d. 1921, her mother Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz).
MARIA was daughter of above named Józef Wincenty Piotr Piłsudski, b. 1833; and her brother was mentioned Józef Klemens Piłsudski b. 1867.
Above Antoni Jerzy Bulhak was son of Aldona Kojałłowicz (Bułhak) Dzierzynska b. 1870 [sister of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI b. 1877 in Oziemblowo] + Gedymin Jerzy Bułhak 1856-1908;
grandson of Edmund Rufin Dzierżyński and Helena JANUSZEWSKA b. 1849 d. 1896 [daughter of Ignacy Januszewski and Kazimiera GORECKA. HELENA was sister of ZOFIA 1836-1920 married Stanisław Pilar von Pilchau !],
and also Aniela Ostromęcka + Rudolf Jerzy Bułhak born 1824.

Russia was the only country interested in depriving of England colonies in North America (1776), and in broken down of France from the core (1789); Russia, which began the race for colonies in the Central and North Asia (the way to India and China), and America (the 18th cent. - Alaska, Oregon, California);
Russia in the second half of the 18th century began conquer of the Central Europe, including the destruction of Poland (1795) and Turkey.
Secret societies were the Russian (Freemasonry, Illuminati, Templars) best tools in infiltrating opposition against the monarchs of England and France (and against the Catholic Church).
The Masonic conspiracy theories said the "...Freemasonry overlaps with, or is controlled by, the Illuminati, especially in the higher degrees; Illuminati Freemasons secretly control many major aspects of society and government and are working to establish the New World Order. Some conspiracy theories involving the Freemasons and the Illuminati also include the Knights Templar and Jews as part of the supposed plan for universal control of society. This type of conspiracy theory was described as early as 1792 ... the Masons are either intimately connected to or (conversely) in conflict with the Illuminati regarding a plot to control several countries."

"The first President of the United States, George Washington believed that the Illuminati intended to separate the people from their government in his letters in the Library of Congress. The original manuscript is on the Library of Congress website...", acc. to Greg Scott:
"Mount Vernon, October 24, 1798. Revd Sir: I ... It was not my intention to doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am. The idea that I meant to convey, was, that I did not believe that the Lodges of Free Masons in this Country had, as Societies, endeavoured to propagate the diabolical tenets of the first, or pernicious principles of the latter (if they are susceptible of seperation). That Individuals of them may have done it, or that the founder, or instrument employed to found, the Democratic Societies in the United States, may have had these objects; and actually had a seperation of the People from their Government in view, is too evident to be questioned".
Greg Scott:
"Essentially what he is saying is that he does not doubt that the doctrines of the Bavarian Illuminati, as created by Adam Weishaupt in 1776, (which was used to infiltrate Freemasonry) had spread in the United States in fact he says, 'On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am'...".
Matthew Dorry:
"This is a nonsense interpretation of the letter. George Washington's words, 'It was NOT my intention to doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobinism had NOT spread in the United States', were a double-negative, and express that he was dubious of the spread of the Illuminati and the Jacobins. And when he says, 'On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am', he's affirming that he's glad that the Illuminati and Jacobin ideals hadn't spread. This is directly confirmed by the very next paragraph that YOU quote, in which G. W. refers to the Doctrines of the Illuminati as 'diabolical tenets', and Jacobinism as having 'pernicious principles'. On the whole, he's expressing that although it cannot be doubted that certain individuals had entered Freemasonry lodges with the intent of spreading those principles, he didn't think that whole lodges in America were spreading them. He's making a very clear distinction between the Bavarian Illuminati and Jacobins, and American Freemasonry. So much for people reading these things only once and misunderstanding the language of the letter."
Above text under copyright by http://consciouslifenews.com/.

Thomas Jefferson on the Illuminati - a letter on January 31, 1800:
"I have lately by accident got a sight of a single volume ... of the Abbe Barruel's Antisocial conspiracy, which gives me the first idea I have ever had of what is meant by the Illuminatism against which 'illuminate Morse' as he is now called, and his ecclesiastical and monarchical associates have been making such a hue and cry. Barruel's own parts of the book are perfectly the ravings of a Bedlamite. But he quotes largely from Wishaupt whom he considers as the founder of what he calls the order. As you may not have had an opportunity of forming a judgment of this cry of 'mad dog' which has been raised against his doctrines, I will give you the idea I have formed from only an hour's reading of Barruel's quotations from him, which you may be sure are not the most favorable. Wishaupt seems to be an enthusiastic Philanthropist. ... As Wishaupt lived under the tyranny of a despot and priests, he knew that caution was necessary even in spreading information, and the principles of pure morality. He proposed therefore to lead the Free masons to adopt this object and to make the objects of their institution the diffusion of science and virtue. He proposed to initiate new members into his body by gradations proportioned to his fears of the thunderbolts of tyranny. This has given an air of mystery to his views, was the foundation of his banishment, the subversion of the masonic order, and is the colour for the ravings against him of Robinson, Barruel and Morse, whose real fears are that the craft would be endangered by the spreading of information, reason, and natural morality among men. This subject being new to me, I have imagined that if it be so to you also, you may receive the same satisfaction in seeing, which I have had in forming the analysis of it: and I believe you will think with me that if Wishaupt had written here, where no secrecy is necessary in our endeavors to render men wise and virtuous, he would not have thought of any secret machinery for that purpose."

For the first time in the world in November 2015, more than 50 years after the death of Kennedy, I present connections between structures in Europe that I was researching, and the most important figures of American history, Thomas Jefferson b. 1743, and John Fitzgerald Kennedy born 1917, that is a group of German noble clans from Estonia and Polish families from the province of Minsk in Belarus, which led to the disintegration of Russia in 1917 and among other things, to independence of the Baltic states and Poland in 1918.

In 1800, "John Quincy Adams opposed Thomas Jefferson for the presidency and wrote three letters to Colonel William L. Stone, exposing how Jefferson was using Masonic Lodges for subversive Illuminati purposes. The information contained in those letters is credited with winning Adams the election. The letters were held in the Rittenburg Square Library, in Philadelphia". 1801-1809, Thomas Jefferson, 3rd. President of the United States; confirmed Illuminati, may have been a Member of Charlottesville Lodge No. 90; a member of the Lodge of the Nine Muses in Paris and the Beenan Order / Order of the Bees, known outside Bavaria as the Illuminati. Thomas Jefferson acted with Vice President George Clinton, 1805-1809, Mason and Illuminati. George Clinton, vice president to Thomas Jefferson, was De Wit Clintons Uncle - Clinton was born in Little Britain, Province of New York, immigrants who left County Longford, Ireland, in 1729 to escape an Anglican regime; George was tutored by a local Scottish clergyman. "Evidence usually cited to peg Thomas Jefferson as a member of the Illuminati is based on one letter he wrote to Bishop James Madison in January 1800. ... It should be pointed out, as an aside, that the Bishop James Madison to whom the letter was written was not President James Madison (they were cousins)...".
Thomas Jefferson, ambassador in Paris, was familiar enough with Jacques Pierre Brissot or Jean Pierre Brissot to note, 'Warville is returned charmed with our country. He is going to carry his wife and children to settle there'. Alas for Brissot, such an emigration never happened. 1789, Brissot was member of the Jacobin Club, of the Legislative Assembly, and later of the National Convention. Brissot was against the decision to execute the King. Jacques Pierre Brissot or Jean Pierre Brissot (1754 - 1793), was a leading member of the Girondist movement during the French Revolution. Brissot was born at Chartres; a lawyer at Paris; married Felicite Dupont (1759 - 1818), who translated English works; they lived in London; started in London a paper, Journal du Lycee de Londres; he paid a visit to the United States in 1788.

Jefferson wrote to Rabout de St. Etienne, on June 3, 1789; Rabout later was a member and president of the National Assembly, and shared the fate of the Girondins.

In 1776, Kosciuszko moved to North America, where he took part in the American Revolutionary War; back to Poland in 1784, as a major general in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army in 1789; Polish-Russian War of 1792; 1796, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and he emigrated to the United States; close friend of Thomas Jefferson, returned to Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798. Kosciuszko remained politically active in Polish circles in France, and in 1799, he joined the Society of Polish Republicans, but October 17 and November 6, 1799, he met with Napoleon Bonaparte.

We back to USA and Thomas Jefferson who called Tadeusz Kosciuszko "the purest among the sons of liberty".
Thomas Jefferson b. 1743 was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801 - 1809).
"However, there is some evidence that indicates he may have been a Mason and that he attended Masonic meetings. Dr. Joseph Guillotin reported that he attended meetings at the prestigious Lodge of Nine Muses in Paris, France - the same lodge attended by Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, and John Paul Jones. He marched in a Masonic procession with Widow's Son Lodge No. 60 and Charlottesville Lodge No. 90 on October 6, 1817, and participated in laying the cornerstone for Central College (now known as the University of Virginia)"; acc. to http://toddecreason.blogspot.co.uk/2011/ by Todd E. Creason in 2011.
"I see him OFTEN, ... He is as pure a son of liberty, as I have ever known, ... and of that liberty which is to go to all, and not to the few or rich alone. Thus did Thomas Jefferson describe his new-found friend General Kosciuszko in 1798. Kosciuszko had left his native Poland in 1776 to join the American patriots ... Jefferson had scarcely known him then, but when he returned to his adopted fatherland for a second time in 1797 the two men became close friends and saw each other, for a time, almost daily.
Kosciuszko travelled in 1796 / 1797 from Russia to Sweden with his secretary J. U. Niemcewicz and with cheerful officer, Libiszewski who often had to carry the General; [Libiszowski / Libiszewski willingly performed this service. In Sweden, Kosciuszko was listening to Libiszewski playing the guitar at his bedside and to a concert organised in his honour by the best musicians; in Philadelphia was a musician in orchestra. He died - still young - of fever in Cuba. In 1892 the Sosnowski manor from Waleria Niepokójczycki, bought Alfons Libiszowski. In Libiszow is the Libiszowski manor, 'Rybakówka'; Libiszow is situated 5 km west of Sosnowica; east of Ostrow Lubelski].
The American newspapers followed with interest his triumphal fourney through Sweden and England. At Gothenburg, the principal inhabitants turned out to greet the Polish hero ... In London, the leaders, including Fox, Wilberforce, and Sheridan, waited on him. The members of the Whig Club had their president, General Banastre Tarleton, the former dashing cavalry commander who almost captured Jefferson during the American Revolution, present a sword worth 200 guineas to Kosciuszko as a public testimony of their sense of his exalted virtues and of his gallant, generous, and exemplary efforts to defend and save his country. Rufus King, the American Minister to Britain, arranged his passage to the United States. At Bristol, where the citizens presented him with a magnificent mahogany case of silver plate weighing more than 216 ounces, each piece inscribed "The Friends of Liberty in Bristol to the Gallant Kosciuszko", the General stayed in the home of the American Consul. ... Kosciuszko arrived at Philadelphia in August, 1797. ... him to the boarding house of Mrs. Loveson on Second Street. For the next few months, the leading citizens and several noble French emigres feted him. Later ... he visited his old friends General Anthony Walton White in New Brunswick, New Jersey, and General Horatio Gates just outside New York City. For a time Kosciuszko enjoyed a popular triumph similar to that Lafayette was to receive in 1824.
Portraits of him were sold in Philadelphia; ...
No one in Philadelphia saw the General more often than Vice-President Jefferson; he was with him almost daily, and, as Niemcewicz remarked, "Kosciuszko completely adhered to Jefferson." An amateur artist, he painted a small watercolor, probably in April, 1798, of Jefferson ... Since the General had never received full payment for his services in the Revolution, Jefferson helped him claim what was due. Oliver Wolcott, Secretary of the Treasury, paid him $12,280.54 principal and $2,947.33 in interest for the years 1785-1788. ... Jefferson also assisted in securing for Kosciuszko a 500-acre military land warrant, located on the Scioto River in what is today Columbus, Ohio. ... When young Niemcewicz late on the evening of May 4, 1798, returned to the house in Philadelphia where the General and he were staying, Kosciuszko swore him to secrecy and then dramatically informed him: "I leave this night for Europe."
... Jefferson arrived in a covered carriage; Kosciuszko was carried out and the carriage drove off to Newcastle. News that Polish emigre leaders were organizing Polish legions to fight with the Italian allies of Napoleon was Kosciuszko's chief reason for returning to France. He hoped that Poles who had been drafted into the Russian, Prussian, and Austrian armies would desert to join the legions, and that eventually they, with French aid, would re-establish the Polish state. By March, 1797, the Polish general Dombrowski had 2,000 men organized into the first legion. Kosciuszko, learning about the movement soon after his landing in America, had wanted to go to France immediately. The French Consul informed his government of this two days after the General's arrival ... on his arrival in Paris, the General told the officers of the Polish legions who welcomed him: "I want to be ever and inseparably with you. I want to join you to serve our common country. Like you I have fought for the country, like you I have suffered, like you I expect to regain it. This hope is the only solace of my life."
Jefferson, ... treated Kosciuszko as an informal envoy from the United States to France. Kosciuszko later wrote: "Jefferson considered that I would be the most effective intermediary in bringing an accord with France, so I accepted the mission even if without any official authorization." Jefferson helped him obtain a passport under the assumed name of Thomas Kanberg.
Kosciuszko, ... about securing his passage, frequently importuned Jefferson to hurry. ...
The two men agreed upon a cipher or code in which they could correspond, though, as it turned out, they did not actually use it. Kosciuszko gave Jefferson power of attorney to act for him in all business concerning his property in the United States ...
Dr. Benjamin Rush, his Philadelphia friend and physician, when reporting the General's wounds almost healed, though he would always limp slightly, had added: "Every step he takes will remind him of his patriotism and bravery." For the next twenty years, Jefferson and Kosciuszko corresponded, usually several times a year. Part of this exchange was over business. Although Jefferson had turned the General's funds over to John Barnes, an excellent Philadelphia banker... Through the years, Kosciuszko confined his letters chiefly to business. He usually wrote in French with considerable misspelling and bad grammar. Kosciuszko's opinion of Jefferson remained high. When the Virginian was nominated for the presidency, the Pole urged him to be "always good, true American a Philosopher and my Friend," and again: "Do not forget in your post be always the virtuous Republican with justice and probity without pomp and ambition in a word be Jefferson and my friend." ... When Kosciuszko returned to France in 1798, he wrote the Czar a strong letter, which he gave to the newspapers, revoking his oath not to resist him on the grounds that the Czar's ministers had exacted that promise by terror and against his free will. This letter infuriated Paul and resulted in reprisals against the families of leading Polish emigres, including Niemcewicz's. Kosciuszko served for a time as a kind of ambassador of the Polish legions with the French Directory; he was known as "chief of the Polish nation." Two legions based in Italy... and Kosciuszko helped organize a third unit, the Legion of the Danube.
After Napoleon assumed dictatorial powers under the coup d'etat of November, 1799, Kosciuszko developed a deep distrust of him. ... Napoleon had failed to meet his demands for an independent nation, a constitution based on the British model, and freedom and lands for the serfs. On the other hand, Julian Niemcewicz, who had married and settled in New Jersey, ... enlisted Jefferson's help in securing a passport to Poland so that he might fulfill "a sacred duty to hasten to my post, and join my feeble Services to those my Countrymen undertake." ... Kosciuszko sadly returned to exile, this time in Switzerland. In his letter of April, 1816, he explained to Jefferson what happened: Tsar Alexander promised me to enlarge the Duchy of Warsaw to the Dzwina [Dvina] and Dnieper, our former limits, but his ministers refused to carry out his generous and magnanimous plans, and unfortunately the Kingdom of Poland is smaller by a good third than the Duchy of Warsaw. Tsar Alexander pledged me a constitutional government liberal and independent and even to enfranchise our unfortunate serfs and give them their land. That alone would have immortalized him, but it went up in smoke. I am now at Soleure in Switzerland watching the Allied Powers in bad faith treating the little states unjustly and acting toward their own subjects as wolves with sheep. In the last letter Kosciuszko wrote Jefferson, in September, 1817, he added: "I am the one true Pole in Europe, all the others under the circumstances are the subjects of different foreign powers". ... Late in October, 1817, Frantz Xavier Zeltner, in whose home Kosciuszko lived at Soleure, wrote Jefferson that the General had died in his arms on October 15. Jefferson commented thus to Zeltner in reply: To no country could that event be more afflicting nor to any individual more than myself. I had enjoyed his intimate friendship and confidence for the last 20 years, and during the portion of that time which he spent in this country, I had daily opportunities of observing personally the purity of his virtue, the benevolence of his heart, and his sincere devotion to the cause of liberty...".
The above paper under copyright by EDWARD P. ALEXANDER, Williamsburg; Dr. Edward Porter Alexander (1907 - 2003) was an American historian, museum administrator, educator and author - by Wikipedia.

On Thomas Kanberg:
from Thomas Jefferson's letter to Carlos Martinez de Irujo, in March 1798, we read that Jefferson presents his compliments to the Chevalier d'Yrujo, and asks the favor of a passport for Thomas Kanberg, a friend of his, who is going to Europe on private business; he is a native of the North of Europe (perhaps of Germany); has been known to Th. Jefferson; whether he will take his passage from Baltimore or Philadelphia, depends on the fact from which place he can get the best convenience for going to some port in France. In 1795 the Spanish government named diplomat Carlos Fernando Martinez de Irujo, minister to the United States. For Jefferson's efforts to obtain travel papers for Tadeusz Kosciuszko as Thomas Kanberg, see the next letters to Philippe de Letombe and Robert Liston of 23 and 27 March 1798; Carlos Fernando Martinez de Irujo wrote back that the name of the port in Europe is left blank and may be filled up by Mr. Kanberg. Letombe replied to this letter that covered the requested passport and offered to send another in a different form if that would be more suitable 'a Monsieur Kanberg'; Robert Liston, was Great Britain's ambassador to the Ottoman Empire when, in 1796, his government appointed him ambassador to the United States. Liston replied that enclosed the requested passport and acknowledged that he 'shall be happy at all times to render every service in my power to any person in whom you are pleased to take an interest'.
Jefferson wrote letter to 'Thomas Kanberg', to GENERAL THADDEUS KOSCIUSKO, from PHILADELPHIA, in June 1798:
"DEAR SIR. Mr. Volney's departure for France gives me an opportunity of writing to you. I was happy in observing, for many days after your departure, that our winds were favorable for you. ... Your departure is not yet known, or even suspected. Niemcewicz / Niemsevioz was much affected. He is now at the federal city. He desired me to have some things taken care of for you. ... The times do not permit an indulgence in political disquisitions. But they forbid not the effusion of friendship, and not my warmest toward you, which no time will alter. ... True to a single object, the freedom and happiness of man, they have not veered about with the changelings and apostates...".

I am writing again -
Kosciuszko in 1783 was promoted by the Continental Congress to brigadier general. Returned to Poland in 1784. In 1796 after the death of Catherine the Great, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and emigrated to the United States again. Kosciuszko left for the United States, via Stockholm, Sweden and London, departing from Bristol on June 17, 1797, and arriving in Philadelphia. In March 1798, Kosciuszko received a letters from Europe with news that Polish General Jan Henryk Dabrowski was fighting in France under Napoleon and that Kosciuszko's sister had sent his two nephews in Kosciuszko's name to serve in Napoleon's ranks. Tadeusz Kosciuszko consulted Thomas Jefferson, who procured him a passport under a false name and arranged for his secret departure for France and to Russia. By Wikipedia: "Jefferson considered that I would be the most effective intermediary in bringing an accord with France, so I accepted the mission even if without any official authorization." Kosciuszko arrived in Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798.

The best friends of Kosciuszko in France after 1798 were the Zeltners;
Xaver Joseph Anton Zeltner born in 1764 in Solothurn, died 1835 in Saronno (Lombardy), close to Milano, Cath., son of Franz Anton, and Anna Maria de La Martiniere. Brother of Peter Josef; 1794 the Jesuit College of Solothurn. 1781-88 officer of the Swiss Guards in France. 1789 public notary in Solothurn, 1793-94 Governor in Lugano. Febr. 1798 arrested in Solothurn as a patriot, 1798-1800 government governor. 1802-03 the Consul in Paris. 1810-14 member of the Solothurn cantonal parliament, 1811-14 appellation judge. 1814 member of Government, then under arrest; at his residence (today the Kosciuszko Museum) lived 1815-17 the Polish freedom fighter Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Author: Peter F. Kopp.

Jefferson and Kosciuszko met in 1797 and became firm friends. Jefferson was a member of the American Philosophical Society for 35 years, ... founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin.
"...Agrippa Hull, a freeborn black New Englander, volunteered at eighteen to join the Continental Army. During the Revolution, Hull served Kosciuszko as an orderly, and the two became fast friends. ...
When Kosciuszko returned to America in the 1790s, bearing the wounds of his own failed revolution, he and Jefferson forged an intense friendship based on their shared dreams for the global expansion of human freedom.
They sealed their bond with a blood compact whereby Jefferson would liberate his slaves upon Kosciuszko's death. But Jefferson died without fulfilling the promise he had made to Kosciuszko...".

Acc. to: Somerset County Historical Quarterly:
When in 1798 Kosciuszko decided to leave the United States and return to the Russian-controlled sector of Poland, his friend Thomas Jefferson provided him with a passport in a false name and arranged for his secret departure to France. 1798 Kosciuszko wrote out a will, which he entrusted to Jefferson as executor. In September 1817, shortly before his death in October, he wrote a letter to Jefferson. Several years after Kosciuszko's death, Jefferson, aged 77, pleaded his inability to execute the will due to age and the numerous legal complexities of the bequest. Kosciuszko had made a total of four wills; within months after his death in October 1817, two other claims were made on his American estate; one by Kosciusko Armstrong and one by the Zeltner family. A representative of the Russian government also made inquiries. Kosciuszko went to France, first to Paris, where, two years later, in 1800, at the request of friends in America, he prepared a work 'Manoeuvers of Horse Artillery', which was published in Philadelphia in 1803, in New York in 1808, and in London in 1809.
Then Tadeusz Kosciuszko went into retirement in Berville, close to Fontainebleau, where he had one permanent friend, the Swiss Ambassador to France, Zeltner. There he devoted himself to the education of Zeltner's children, especially to Emily, Zeltner's youngest daughter, to whom he became godfather. And there he spent about twelve happy years (1802-1814), records of which are mostly lost to public knowledge. Napoleon solicited Kosciuszko's aid in his campaigns against Russia, but he refused the proffer. Paul I, and Paul's son, Alexander I, now on the throne, was his friend. When Alexander I was in Paris persuading him to accept the gift of money of Alexander's father. He at once decided to leave France, and take refuge in Switzerland. There he settled down at Soleure that is in Zuchwil / Zuchuil. This was not only Zeltner's birthplace, but there lived Zeltner's brother; there were spent the remaining four years of his life. He was buried at Soleure; made a formal request to Alexander, then King of Poland, that his remains be conveyed to Cracow and buried in the great Cathedral. Switzerland did not give up his heart from Zuchuil. But years afterward, when the elder Zeltners had passed away, the family of the Count Morosini, who had married Emily Zeltner, took up from the churchyard the little box, leaving, however, the monument, and it now is, in the Polish museum.
Copyright by Somerset County Historical Quarterly, PUBLICATION COMMITTEE: A. Van Doren Honeyman, James J. Bergen, Alexander G. Anderson, John F. Reger, Joshua Doughty, William W. Smalley.

We back to Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko, b. 1746, hero in Poland, Belarus, and the United States. As Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Forces, he led the 1794 Kosciuszko Uprising. Born in Mereczowszczyzna / Merechevschina, Belarus close to Kosów Poleski / Kosava; Kosciuszko was the youngest son of Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko, an officer in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army, and his wife Tekla, nee Ratomska. Kosciuszko moved to France in 1769 to studies, returned to Poland in 1774, returned to France. In 1776, Kosciuszko moved to North America, where he took part in the American Revolutionary War; back to Poland in 1784, as a major general in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army in 1789; Polish-Russian War of 1792; 1796, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and he emigrated to the United States; close friend of Thomas Jefferson, returned to Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798. Kosciuszko remained politically active in Polish circles in France, and in 1799, he joined the Society of Polish Republicans, but October 17 and November 6, 1799, he met with Napoleon Bonaparte; 1801, Kosciuszko settled in Breville, near Paris; Kosciuszko wrote a letter to Napoleon, and did not move to the Duchy of Warsaw; after the fall of Napoleon, he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I, in Paris and then in Braunau, Switzerland, demanded borders on the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east. In Vienna, Kosciuszko called new Poland as "a joke" of Russia; send letters to the Tsar, and left Vienna, moved to Solothurn, Switzerland.

Above named The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and Kosciuszko in Paris. The main activists were: Jan Orchowski / John Aloysius Orchowski, Raymond Rembielinski, Andrew Horodyski and Erasmus Mycielski.

Rajmund Rembielinski 1775 - 1841, MP, Freemason.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo, d. 1847 / 1857, politician, translator, freemason; the son of Anthony, of Kiev, and Justyna Marchocki; 1796 was an activist of Centralization of Lviv. 1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director, after E. Mycielski, of the Society of Polish Republicans, as Andrew Dumanski. In 1801, ran encrypted correspondence with H. Kollataja. In 1802, formed in Odessa the store of Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp.; also with P. Maleszewski, J. K. Szaniawski and J. Drzewiecki. In 1831 Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794, son of Aleksander Mycielski General; 1775 served the Regiment of Poninski. Captain 1788. Campaigns in 1792 took place in Lithuania. The Kosciuszko Uprising 1794. He was a member of the conspiracy, preparing the uprising of Kosciuszko; promoted by Tadeusz Kosciuszko. He was one of the founders of the Polish Society (1798). He was involved in the conspiracy in the Great Poland. Above Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy. Son of John, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski;
He was a friend of Joseph Alexander Sulkowski.

Above Aleksander Józef Sulkowski, 1695 - 1762, 1733-1738 the Saxon Electorate prime minister, Count and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, chamberlain of Augustus III, 1734 Saxon Infantry Major General, grew up at the royal court, was the closest adviser the King and Elector Augustus III. Prince Alexander Joseph died in Leszno in 1762, had a four sons from his first marriage.


A few apparently, clearly, and evidently incompatible and purposefully disinformation opinions on the Global Intelligence Network are below; each of the following opinion might seem true, were it not that Kennedy in April 1961 distinctly determines what the word 'conspiracy' is in his view; Kennedy clearly stated on the network of underground structures threatening to the civilized world. Thus a few explicitly incompatible but in some part the true opinions are below:

"... The dark forces of secret societies have permeated our history ... The main areas of these conquests are the economy, religion, education, and politics. These societies usually practice odd rituals ... It seems their reach is never ending, when you've been marked an enemy and we've seen many who have tried expose these forces lose their lives, in the process. ... the dark and shrouded history of these demonic forces and exposes their true history and agendas. Were the Illuminati behind the former Soviet Union and their secret service KGB?...".

At http://www.conspiracyschool.com/round-table by David Livingstone, born in Montreal in 1966:
"...The plot of the Illuminati is directed from London ... According to researcher Dr. John Coleman, who interviewed a Grand Master at Oxford, the Knights of the Garter are the inner-sanctum, the elite of the elite of Her Majesty's Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem
[in 1823, the Council of the French Langues, faction of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, sought to raise through private money to restore a territorial base for the Order of Malta, but the attempt was failed when details leaked to the press. Then the Marquis de Sainte-Croix du Molay became its head. In 1826, Philippe de Castellane, a French Knight of Malta, negotiated in Britain with Scotsman, Donald Currie; De Castellane and Currie were then allowed by the French Council to form the Council of the English Langue in 1831, with a headquartered at St John's Gate {the Old Jerusalem Tavern}, in Clerkenwell
{see Edward Brown, Gudak and Breguet
(in 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown; he collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and he met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer - see Duflon & Konstantynowicz in St Petersburg and Moscow - more at http://konstantynowicz.info/Deka_Company_1904_-_1918_St_Petersburg/index.html - and a line to Miezonka and Wola Pszczolecka) and also Lenin and Trocki (Krzyzanowski and the Templars in Volhynia and Kiev - a line to the Posen province and Mielzynski - see Angela Merkel and Hanna Suchocka, and also to Cracow and Paszkowski - a line to Armand in Moscow and Anna Konstantynowicz - see Lenin and 'Iskra' - a line to Dzierzynski, Pilsudski, Pilar Pilchau - see 1939 in the Soviet Union): at 30 Holford Square / Holford Gardens [1800 meters north-west of Clerkenwell Green], Lenin's first London address in April 1902 to 1903 and the offices of Iskra were at 37a Clerkenwell Green - 250 meters north-west of the Old Jerusalem Tavern! At present the Marx Memorial Library is situated ca 200 meters West of the Priory Church of the Order of St John}.
The Order of St. John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem known as St John International, is a royal order of chivalry first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s].
The Knights of the Order of the Garter are the leaders of the Illuminati hierarchy ...
[Queen Victoria, Alexandrina Victoria b. 1819 was daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent (son of George III {his father Frederick, Prince of Wales and mother Augusta of Saxe-Gotha} + Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1744 - 1818 {her father Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow, and mother Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen}) and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1786 - 1861 (1803 at Coburg, she married 1st to Charles, Prince of Leiningen; 2nd to Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, in 1818 at Amorbach. Victoria's father was Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and mother Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf daughter of Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg)]
... [mentioned above] Charlotte was the grandmother of Queen Victoria, and whose son married the daughter of Frederick III of Hessen-Kassell. Charlotte's brother was Charles II Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, whose daughter married the heir of the Prussian crown, Frederick William III.
Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel. She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel. Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter. Of Frederick William III and Louise' four children, three married the brothers and sisters of Csar Alexander I.
Frederick William III's daughter, Charlotte of Prussia, married Paul's son, Czar Nicholas I, who succeeded Alexander I, and who also belonged to the Order of the Garter. Frederick's son Wilhelm I married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, the daughter of Nicholas' sister Maria Romanov. A third child of Frederick, Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia, married Maria's other daughter, Marie Luisa Alexandrina von Saxe-Weimar. The son of Csar Nicholas, Constantine Nicholaievitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia, fathered Olga Constantinovna Romanov, who married George I King of Greece. George was a member of the Order of the Garter, as was his father, Christian IX of Denmark. ...
Christian IX was, in the last years of his life, named Europe's 'father-in-law'. ... Christian's daughter, Maria Fyodorovna married Csar Nicholas III, father of Nicholas II who was killed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. Princess Alexandra married Queen Victoria's son, King Edward VII, the Grand Master of Freemasonry. ...
The son of Csar [Emperor] Nicholas [Nikolai], Constantine Nicholaievitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia, fathered Olga Constantinovna Romanov, who married George I King of Greece. George was a member of the Order of the Garter, as was his father, Christian IX of Denmark...".

The Order of the Garter - The Most Noble Order of the Garter, founded in 1348, is the highest order of chivalry; several supernumerary members, known as 'Royal Knights and Ladies of the Garter', belong to the royal family. These titles were introduced in 1786 by King George III; with the installation of Emperor Alexander I of Russia in 1813, supernumerary membership was extended to foreign monarchs, who are known as 'Stranger Knights and Ladies of the Garter'.

The forerunners of the Freemasons - the Knights Templar - founded the concept of banking.
According to former British intelligence agent John Coleman's book, 'The Committee of 300':
the Rothschilds exert political control through the secretive Business Roundtable, which they created in 1909 with the help of Lord Alfred Milner and South African industrialist Cecil Rhodes.

It was the plan known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers, and within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was Rhodes with Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner who was added to the society by Stead.
Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).
See: the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown - Breguet Company in 1870.
Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day. From 1891 to 1902, it was known to only a score of persons. Sir Edward Grey was a member of the Fabian Co-Efficients, who also belonged to the inner circle of the Rhodes' Round Table groups that were under the direction of Alfred Milner; others members:
Haldane, L. S. Amery, Lord Robert Cecil, Lord Arthur Balfour, Michael Sadler and Lord Milner himself were among the Fabian Coefficients.
Coefficients included: Bertrand Russell, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Leo Maxse (who advocated war with Germany already in 1902), Clinton Dawkins of the City, Carlyon Bellairs of the Navy, Pember Reeves, W. A. S. Hewins, H. J. Mackinder, Henry Newbolt, John Hugh Smith, J. Birchenough of the City, Garvin, Josiah Wedgwood, John Hugh Smith, Colonel Repington, F. S. Oliver, and C. F. G. Masterman.

The Illuminati, who also called themselves the Society of the Elect:
Cecil John Rhodes, Baron Nathan Rothschild, Sir Harry Johnston, William T. Stead, Reginald Brett - Viscount Esher, Alfred Milner - Viscount Milner, B. F. Hawksley, Thomas Brassey - Lord Brassey; Edmund Garrett; Alfred Beit; Sir Abe Bailey; Albert Grey - Earl Grey; Archibald Primrose - Earl of Rosebery; Arthur James Balfour; Sir George R. Parkin; Philip Lyttelton Gell; Sir Henry Birchenough; Herbert A. L. Fisher; William Waldegrave Palmer - Earl of Selborne; Sir Patrick Duncan; Robert Henry Brand - Baron Brand; Philip Kerr - Marquess of Lothian, and others.
The Association of Helpers:
1. The Inner Circle:
Sir Patrick Duncan, Robert Henry Brand - Baron Brand; Philip Kerr - Marquess of Lothian; Lionel Curtis, William L. Hichens, Geoffrey Dawson, Edward Grigg - Baron Altrincham; Herbert A. L. Fisher, Leopold Amery, Richard Feetham, Hugh A. Wyndham; Sir Dougal Malcolm, Basil Williams, Flora Shaw, Nancy Astor, Arnold J. Toynbee; and others;
2. The Outer Circle: John Buchan - Baron Tweedsmuir, Sir Fabian Ware, Sir Alfred Zimmern; Gilbert Murray, Robert Cecil - Viscount Cecil of Chelwood; Sir James W. Headlam-Morley, and others.
Members in other countries:
a. Canada; b. United States: George Louis Beer, Frank Aydelotte, Jerome Greene; c. South Africa: Jan C. Smuts, Sir Patrick Duncan, Sir Abe Bailey, and others; d. Australia; e. New Zealand; f. Germany: Helmuth James von Moltke and Adam von Trott zu Solz.

More:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html

Roundtable inner Circle of Initiates included Lord Milner, Cecil Rhodes, Arthur Balfour, Albert Grey and Lord Nathan Rothschild. The Roundtable takes its name from the legendary knight of King Arthur, with a tale of the Holy Grail; Carroll Quigley claimed that the Round Table Groups were connected to a secret society, which South African diamond baron Cecil Rhodes is believed to have set up with similar goals. This secret society is supposed to have been named the Society of the Elect. Rhodes first formalised his idea with William T. Stead, editor of the Pall Mall Gazette, when he and Stead agreed on the structure of the secret society. In 1919 Rothschild's Business Roundtable spawned the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) in London. The RIIA is a registered charity of the Queen and, according to its annual reports, is funded largely by the Four Horsemen. Former British Foreign Secretary and Kissinger Associates co-founder Lord Carrington was President of both the RIIA and the Bilderbergers. The inner circle at RIIA is dominated by Knights of St. John Jerusalem, Knights of Malta, Knights Templar and 33rd Degree Scottish Rite Freemasons.

Below I quote the text of the book 'The Anglo-American Establishment' by Carroll Quigley ed. in 1981 (copyright by The Anglo-American Establishment: From Rhodes to Cliveden. 1981, New York: Books in Focus, 354 pages, ISBN 0-916728-50-1; reprinted by Rancho Palos Verdes: GSG & Associates, date unknown, ISBN 0-945001-01-0). The author of this book reveals details of secret intelligence and political structures of the United Kingdom and the USA in the second half of the 19th century and in the first half of the twentieth century.
These data obviously yet not suggest who or what was the driving force of the intelligence network and the military-political structures, which in details is discussed on this web site, and broadening data on the site designated as part two. Both of these parties were formed in the second half of 2014. So Carroll Quigley wrote in 1981:
"... in February 1891, three men were engaged in earnest conversation in London. From that conversation were to flow consequences of the greatest importance to the British Empire and to the world as a whole. For these men were organizing a secret society that was, for more than fifty years, to be one of the most important forces in the formulation and execution of British imperial and foreign policy. ... The leader was Cecil Rhodes, fabulously wealthy empire-builder ... The second was William T. Stead, the most famous, and probably also the most sensational, journalist of the day. The third was Reginald Baliol Brett, later known as Lord Esher, friend and confidant of Queen Victoria, and later to be the most influential adviser of King Edward VII and King George V. ... the three drew up a plan of organization for their secret society and a list of original members. The plan of organization provided for an inner circle, to be known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers. Within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be exercised by the leader, and a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was to be Rhodes, and the junta was to be Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner. In accordance with this decision, Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner was added to the society by Stead ...
Rhodes had been planning for this event for more than seventeen years (around 1873).
Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. ... in modified form, it exists to this day.
From 1891 to 1902, it was known to only a score of persons. During this period, Rhodes was leader, and Stead was the most influential member. From 1902 to 1925, Milner was leader, while Philip Kerr (Lord Lothian) and Lionel Curtis were probably the most important members. From 1925 to 1940, Kerr was leader, and since his death in 1940 this role has probably been played by Robert Henry Brand (now Lord Brand).
During this period of almost sixty years, this society has been called by various names. During the first decade or so it was called 'the secret society of Cecil Rhodes' or 'the dream of Cecil Rhodes'. In the second and third decades of its existence it was known as 'Milner's Kindergarten' (1901 - 1910) and as 'the Round Table Group' (1910 - 1920). Since 1920 it ... has been called 'The Times crowd', 'the Rhodes crowd', the 'Chatham House crowd', 'All Souls group', and the 'Cliveden set'. ...
The Milner Kindergarten and the Round Table Group, for example, were two different names for The Association of Helpers and were thus only part of the society, since the real center of the organization, The Society of the Elect, continued to exist and recruited new members from the outer circle as seemed necessary. Since 1920, this Group has been increasingly dominated by the associates of Viscount Astor. In the 1930s, the misnamed 'Cliveden set' was close to the center of the society, but it would be entirely unfair to believe that the connotations of superficiality and conspiracy popularly associated with the expression 'Cliveden set' are a just description of the Milner Group as a whole.
In fact, Viscount Astor was, relatively speaking, a late addition to the society, and the society should rather be pictured as utilizing the Astor money to further their own ideals rather than as being used for any purpose by the master of Cliveden...".

The Stuarts and other Jacobites were responsible for the spead of freemasonry on the Continent.
James Winter, Scottish architect and master mason (1743-4) was employed by the 2nd Duke of Atholl to build a new stable block at Blair Castle, Perthshire in 1747-58. He was probably a relative of Thomas Winter, former mason employed by William Adam at Floors, Castle, Roxburghshire in 1726.
The link between Spitalfields, Walworth and the Independent or Dissenting movement was Richard Price (b. 1723, d. 1791), the son of a Congregational minister. He went to a London Dissenting Academy and became the Presbyterian minister at Newington Green. Price and his friend, Joseph Priestly, became leaders of the Rational Dissenters or Unitarian Society.
Price got to know John Howard, John Quincy Adams, Benjamin Franklin and Adam Smith.
The Dissenters supported the French Revolution and Richard Price preached a sermon at the Old Jewry meeting of the London Revolution Society on November 4th, 1789, supporting the French Revolution and sent his congratulations to the French National Assembly.
In 1784 he met Mary Wollstonecraft who had a school in Newington Green. Mary Wollstonecraft (b. 1759) in 1784 with her sister Eliza and her friend, Fanny Blood started a school in Newington Green. The publication of her book 'A Vindication of the Rights of Man' brought her in contact with the radicals
Tom Paine, John Cartwright, John Horne Tooke, William Godwin (whom she married) and William Blake.
Joseph Priestley, (b. 1733, d. 1804, America), son of Jonas Priestley [see www.scs.illinois.edu/], was a chemist, scientist, mathematician, linguist and Dissenting minister. The many Dissenting ministers who met at the Keighlys influenced him and he attended the Dissenting Academy at Daventry.
During visits to London, he mixed with Liberals and Rational Dissenters like Richard Price and Benjamin Franklin. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1766 and became librarian to William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne and tutor to his sons.

Shelburne's Bowood Circle included people like Priestley, Jeremy Bentham, the Dutchman Dr Ingen Housz, John Hunter and Benjamin Franklin.

"...Benjamin Franklin, born in Boston. Was one of the diplomats chosen to negotiate peace with Great Britain, and who helped draft the Declaration of Independence, one of the 56 who signed this document, and was instrumental in achieving the adoption of the U.S. Constitution. Was also a Mason". Acc. to http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_illuminati_11a.htm
"... Benjamin Franklin, a key leader of several secret occult fraternal groups was also a close friend of Pierre Samuel DuPont. When Benjamin Franklin arrived Dec. 1776 in France, one of the first people he sought out to visit with was Pierre Samuel DuPont. During the next year after that, DuPont was a frequent visitor to Franklin’s residence in the village of Passy. Notice, that Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence also wrote nature's God. This is because the deists like Jefferson and DuPont believed Nature was the highest God. Pres. Jefferson and Secretary Gallatin, both Illuminati members. George Clinton, vice president to Thomas Jefferson, was De Wit Clintons Uncle. James Bidderman, the son of Evelina DuPont Bidderman, went to France and his decedents would give the DuPont's a lineage in France. One of the families that Intermarried and were close friends with the DuPont's was the Cazenoves family. Both families were close friends with Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin, I have concluded that both Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin were Illuminati", copyright by Robert Howard from WakeUpAmerica Website.
"...My knowledge of the Illuminati letters to Franklin and Adams came about as a result of my conversations with a very high profile Masonic historian, Reinhard Markner. ... I wanted to know more about the author of this work, and through the course of our conversations, he mentioned that Adams and Franklin had been contacted by the head of the Munich lodge Professor Baader. I wanted to know more about this and he said that the letters themselves had not been located, but were mentioned in Die Korrespondenz des Illuminatenordens ... the letter sent to Franklin listed on the website of the American Philosophical Society under the Franklin papers, in French. Through this discovery we were able to find the Adams letter, as well as Adams' reply. De Kemtenstrauss it seems was the penname that Baader wrote under. There were three letters sent, one to Adams, one to Franklin, and one to Philadelphia, presumably to the Continental Congress ...".
"...In 1799, when German minister G. W. Snyder warned George Washington of the Illuminati plan 'to overthrow all governments and religion', Washington replied that he had heard 'much of the nefarious and dangerous plan and doctrines of the Illuminati'. He however concluded his letter by stating: 'I believe notwithstanding, that none of the Lodges in this country are contaminated with the principles ascribed to the society of Illuminati'. ...", acc. to http://vigilantcitizen.com/hidden-knowledge/the-order-of-the-illuminati/.

Another person who came under the influence of the teachings of Richard Price and became a Unitarian was George Courtauld (b. 1761), son of Samuel Courtauld.
He became a radical and supported American Revolution. He sold up went to America in 1785.
Shelburne encouraged Jeremy Bentham to take an interest in French politics. He introduced him to Andre Marellet and 2 members of the Bowood Circle, Samuel Romilly and Pierre Etienne Louis Dumont (1759-1829), tutor to Henry Petty Fitzmaurice (1780-1963) and translated Bentham's writings into French, acted as intermediaries between
Bentham and Honore Gabriel Riquetti, Comte de Mirabeau a prominent Revolutionary of Italian origins.
Bentham corresponded with other French politicians like Jacques Pierre Brisset de Warville a leading Girondin in the Legislative Assembly, Louis Alexandre, duc de la Rochfoucauld d'Enville,
Jean Phillipe Garran de Coulon (b. 1749 [see MALESZEWSKI]), member of the Estates General and Legislative Assembly,
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Perigord - Minister of Foreign Affairs (1799-1807), Jean Antoine de Gavain (1761-1828), President of the Tribunal (1802) and Secretary (1804) and Bon Albert Briois de Beaumer (1781-1801), President of th National Assembly (1790).
Bentham drafted a French Constitution and was elected a French citizen.
Sir Samuel Romilly, (1757-1818), English legal reformer, was the second son of Peter Romilly, a watchmaker and jeweller in London. Samuel's grandfather came to England from Montpellier after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes and married Margaret Garnault, another Huguenot refugee;
SAMUEL went to Geneva in 1781, where he met the chief democratic leaders, including Etienne Dumont. He was a friend of Mirabeau, to whom he was introduced in 1784 and who introduced him to Lord Lansdowne. Romilly visited Paris in 1789.
He married Anne, daughter of Francis Garbett of Knill Court, and was appointed Chancellor of the County Palatine of Durham. Romilly supported William Wilberforce in his battle to abolish slavery and was a friend of Samuel Whitbread.

Note on the named above Shelburne's Bowood Circle:
the first house at Bowood was built circa 1725. In 1754 Long sold it to the first Earl of Shelburne, who employed architect Henry Keene to extend the house.
The 2nd Earl, Prime Minister from 1782 to 1783, was created Marquess of Lansdowne for negotiating peace with America after the War of Independence. The Bowood Circle (the circle of Bowood) is the name of a group of English Dissenters from the late eighteenth century, and supporters of the American and French revolutions, which met at Bowood House in the county of Wiltshire, near Calne, owned by William Petty (Lord Lansdowne from 1784).
Their political ideology (Whig) could be something close, it seems that also influenced key figures of the time, as Edmund Burke (sympathizer of the American revolutionaries, but totally opposed to the French) and Rockingham.
Named above Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, b. 1730, d. 1782, Viscount Higham between 1733 and 1746, Earl of Malton between 1746 and 1750 and The Marquess of Rockingham in 1750, was a British Whig statesman, in 1760 a knight of the Order of the Garter; in 1760, George II died, and his grandson ascended the throne as George III. Rockingham was the Prime Minister 1765 - 1766; Rockingham's administration was dominated by the American issue, and won a Commons vote on the repeal resolution in 1766; Rockingham also passed the Declaratory Act, which asserted that the British Parliament had the right to legislate for the American colonies in all cases whatsoever; then after his resignation, and the appointment of Lord Chatham as Prime Minister, Rockingham spent the next sixteen years in opposition. He was a keen supporter of constitutional rights for colonists. Rockingham wrote to Edmund Burke in 1771: "I fear indeed the future struggles of the people in defence of their Constitutional Rights will grow weaker and weaker...". Rockingham wrote to Augustus Keppel in 1779, "... the war against America could not be won, that the government was corrupt but not unpopular, and that the longer this continued the greater the danger to the liberties and the constitution of Britain".
Members of the Shelburne's Bowood Circle carrying out their own programs of scientific, philosophical or theological research and literary production between 1772 and 1825. Among its members were Richard Price, Joseph Priestley, Jeremy Bentham and Samuel Romilly, and even foreign intellectuals, such as Swiss and French, Etienne Dumont Mirabeau. Petty's claim were incorporated to use personal contacts of the "circle" to moderate the developments in the French Revolutionary Assembly [a text, drafted by Bentham and Romilly]. Since September 1793, during the Terror, Bowood received a large group of the émigrés, and the political attitude of the circle became less radical.

In 2013, the first on the world I show very interesting network!

It was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy:
Lenin and Inessa Armand, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.

This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands. It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear. It works like clockwork.
Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.

The underground structure has clearly defined objectives at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries:
1. call up the chaos in Europe;
2. to bring the continental war;
3. overthrow of the Romanovs in Russia;
4. lead to anarchy in Russia;
5. starting the war between the invaders, who take away the Polish independence;
6. pulling the western countries into the war, and in due time also America.

The network in the 18th to 21st cent. The intelligences networks.
Overarching objectives are at the beginning of the 20th cent.:
1. Polish independence,
2. The independence of the Baltic States;
3. The creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Tools to achieve these goals are:
1. The money from the Scottish, Jewish and American banks; revenue from the Mediterranean trade - Marseille, Greece, Naples, Crimea; and plantations in Ceylon and from the Asian trade - Ceylon, India, Japan;
2. the use of secret non-goverment organisations (NGOs) in Europe and America;
3. The creation of favorable underground structures inside the intelligence networks of Western Europe and American countries.

An important note:

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini [Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"], dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr
[died 1959, was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author; educated in Scotland; he also refers to the theories of l'abbe Augustin Barruel and John Robison {John Robison b. 1739, d. 1805, was a Scottish physicist; the first general secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh; worked with James Watt on an early steam car; he authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati"} who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt, associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order],
former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy. The British Library has confirmed ... that such a document has never been in their possession, but Cardinal Rodriguez have said that it was in 1925".
Carr learned about this letter from Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago,
[died 1958, was a Chilean Cardinal; "...Caro was strongly opposed to the influence of Freemasonry in modern society and wrote several anti-Masonic pamphlets"];
"... no conclusive proof exists to show that this letter was ever written. Nevertheless, the letter is widely quoted and the topic of much discussion".
The extracts of the letter:
"The First World War must be brought about in order to permit the Illuminati to overthrow the power of the [Emperors] Czars in Russia and of making that country a fortress of atheistic Communism. The divergences caused by the "agentur" (agents) of the Illuminati between the British and Germanic Empires will be used to foment this war. At the end of the war, Communism will be built and used in order to destroy the other governments and in order to weaken the religions. ... During the Second World War, International Communism must become strong enough in order to balance Christendom, which would be then restrained and held in check until the time when we would need it for the final social cataclysm. ... The Third World War must be fomented by ... the leaders of Islamic World...".
"... Michael Haupt said, that William Guy Carr said, that Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago, Chile said, that ... Dr. Bataille aka Leo Taxil said about Albert Pike and Giuseppe Mazzini in 'Le diable au XIXe siecle', v. II, 1892-1894, p. 605...".

At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Guy_Carr we read:
"...In 'Pawns in the Game', Carr claims that World War I was fought in order to enable the Illuminati to overthrow the powers of the Tsars in Russia ... Michael Haupt had taken the three world war theory from the introduction of Carr's Pawns in the Game (1958). This introduction outlines a plan that Carr attributes to Pike, but not to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. Only the last section of the three world war plan in Haupt's text is a quote attributed to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. This quote is virtually identical to the one in Rodrique's book and it can be traced to the book Le diable au XIXe siecle (1894) by Gabriel Jagond-Pager a.k.a. Leo Taxil, where it is claimed to be from a letter of Pike to Mazzini written in 1871. This quote was later considered to describe the Bolshevik revolution, but whether a hoax or not, it predates 1917. The book of Jagond-Pager is enlisted in the British Museum, which is what Rodriguez meant by his statement, and it contains the full letter, be it hoax or not. The plan attributed to Pike is also described in part in Le Palladisme by Margiotta and it seems to describe the same plan as in Jagond-Pager's book, so it is possible that in this case the famous hoaxer Leo Taxil actually refers to some existing letter, but Dominico Margiotta may be another pseudonym of Jacond-Pager. There is nothing of the three world war plan in this letter, and nothing especially prophetic-it simply describes a Freemasonry plan to overthrow all religions".
At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawns_in_the_Game_(book):
"...a Book written by the Canadian William Guy Carr published in 1955. The author was killed {?} in mysterious conditions" {created this page on 1 November 2015}.
Abnormally strange theories appeared already in the 19th century, then in 1916 in Great Britain, and since then, these considerations are in order to hide the real motor for the global intelligence network. These shocking theories are designed to excite readers of its mystery and with the events described not to the end.

"Albert Pike ... moved to Arkansas [1833] where he became a prominent member of the secessionist movement. He was chosen by Mazzini to head the Illuminati operations in America and moved to Charleston, South Carolina, in 1852 [to New Orleans in 1855]. During the war he was made a brigadier general ... Mazzini was not only the head of the Illuminati, he was the leading revolutionist in Europe. He was determined to establish a New World Order on the rubble of the old order and created a plan to accomplish his goal. He detailed his plan for world domination in a letter to Pike on January 22, 1870: 'We must allow all the federations to continue just as they are, with their systems, their central authorities and their diverse modes of correspondence between high grades of the same rite, organized as they are at the present, but we must create a super rite, which will remain unknown, to which we will call those Masons of high degree whom we shall select...', [acc. to] Lady Queensborough, Occult Theocracy, pp. 208-209.
This secret rite is called "The New and Reformed Palladian Rite [or Reformed Palladium]." It has headquarters in Charleston, S.C., Rome in Italy, and Berlin ... Pike wrote about his beliefs and goals in 1871 in "Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry."
"The Palladian Rite, according to conspiracy theorists it is the very top of the Illuminati pyramid. Conspiracy theorists point to the Palladian Rite as being the secret overlord of all Masonic Rites uniting all masonry together in a dark agenda to propitiate three world wars to bring about the New World Order Government led by shape shifting reptiles from outer space".
Pike designed a plan for world conquest and wrote of it in a letter to Mazzini dated August 15, 1871. He said three future world wars would prepare the world for the New World Order ... This strategy is corroborated by Dr. Dennis L. Cuddy PhD. in 'The Power Elite's use of Wars and Crises'." See: pike.htm and http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/. Above Dennis Laurence Cuddy, is historian and political analyst, received a Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill [also at NewsWithViews.com].
Mazzini was the member of the underground "Carbonari" society, also with Lelewel [see Chodzko, Oginski ...], Krepowiecki and Józef Zaliwski. On 17 February 1833, Zaliwski [see Lubiec estate close to Wola Pszczolecka; Sulimierski, Bleszynski, Psarski ...] left Paris and traveled to the Polish lands.
Giuseppe Mazzini born 1805, died in 1872, was an Italian politician, journalist and headed the Italian revolutionary movement. William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy; in 1840 Mazzini reformed the Giovine Italia in London, and from London he wrote a series of letters to his agents in Europe and South America, and made friends with Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane; in 1843 he organized another riot in Bologna; in 1847 he moved again to London, also founded the People's International League; 1848 Mazzini was in Paris; in April 1848 Mazzini reached Milan, when the First Italian War of Independence started; joined Garibaldi's force at Bergamo, moving to Switzerland with him; in 1849 a republic was declared in Rome.
"Under Lord Palmerston, England supports all revolutions ... and the leading revolutionary in Her Majesty's Secret Service is Giuseppe Mazzini ... Mazzini is a Genoese admirer of the ... Venetian friar Paolo Sarpi. Mazzini's father was a physician to Queen Victoria's father. For a while Mazzini worked for the Carbonari, one of Napoleon's Freemasonic fronts. Then, in 1831, Mazzini founded his Young Italy secret society. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, ... President of France, sent him articles for his magazine. Mazzini's cry ... that the people are the new God. ... Mazzini teaches that Christianity developed the human individual, but that the era of Christianity, of freedom, of human rights, is now over ... The British would take care of Industry and Colonies; the Poles, leadership of the Slavic world; the Russians, the civilizing of Asia. The French get Action, the Germans get Thought...".
"... Mazzini has tried to put this into practice just last year. In November 1848, armed Young Italy gangs forced Pope Pius IX to flee from Rome to Naples. From March to June of 1849, Mazzini ruled the Papal States as one of three dictators, all Grand Orient Freemasons. During that time, death squads operated in Rome, Ancona, and other cities. Some churches were sacked, and many confessionals were burned. ... During this time he was planning to set up his own Italian national church on the Anglican model. The defense of Rome was organized by Giuseppe Garibaldi, who had joined Mazzini's Young Italy in the early 1830s. But a French army ... drove out Mazzini, Garibaldi, and their supporters.
Lord Palmerston said that Mazzini's regime in Rome was 'far better than any the Romans have had for centuries' ...
Right now Mazzini is here in London, enjoying the support of Lord Ashley, the Earl of Shaftesbury, a Protestant fanatic who also happens to be Lord Palmerston's son-in-law. Mazzini's direct access to the British government payroll comes through James Stansfeld, a junior Lord of the Admiralty and a very high official of British intelligence. ... Stansfeld's father-in-law, William Henry Ashurst, is another of Mazzini's patrons, as is John Bowring of the Foreign Office ... Bowring is Jeremy Bentham's literary executor. John Stuart Mill of India House is another of Mazzini's friends. Mazzini is close to ... writer Thomas Carlyle, and has been having an affair with Carlyle's wife. Young Italy, as we have seen, was founded in 1831, attracting the young sailor Giuseppe Garibaldi and Louis Napoleon.
Shortly thereafter there followed Young Poland, whose leaders included the revolutionaries Lelewel and Worcell.
Then came Young Germany, featuring Arnold Ruge ... In 1834, Mazzini founded 'Young Europe', with Italian, Swiss, German, and Polish components. ... By the end of this century we will have a Young Argentina (founded by Garibaldi), Young Bosnia, Young India, Young Russia, Young Armenia, Young Egypt...", acc. to Webster G. Tarpley, Ph.D.
Theories of William Guy Carr on the Satanism - the Illuminati - Zionism, are obviously erroneous, mistaken and very strange because it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy.

Compare two dates: 1870 Brown of London - Breguet [below]; and the letter of 1871 from Pike to Mazzini [above].

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others). In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878. L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.
In 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown;
Louis Francois Clement Breguet collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and Louis Francois Clement Breguet met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer. The great-grandson of Louis François Clément Breguet: above Louis Antoine b. 1851 d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business. So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century.
By Michael Weare at http://clicktempus.com/turning-points-in-time-breguet:
under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920. Then Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of 'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets. The complicated watches were built by the Joux Valley's leading watchmakers including the Victorin Piguet workshops. 1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France.

At all my domain very interesting on line {see below !}:
Chodzko - Oginski - Breguet - Konstantynowicz - Schaub - Gilliard - Duflon - Armand - Paszkowski - Kosciuszko - Fiszer - Mielzynski.




Brief explanation:

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska [see below!] (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.

Above named Jozef had daughters and sons:
1. Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benislawski 1846- 1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);
2. Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska. Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4. Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;
5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6. above named Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735 [?] - 1789.
Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[daughter of Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer {see below}; the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan (see below).

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Römer
{see above on Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760};
husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanislaw Soltan, b. 1756, d. Mitawa 1836, General, the President of the Commission of the Provisional Government of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1812.
He married two times:
Franciszka Teofila / Francis Theophilus Radziwill died 1802 - her father was Stanislaw Radziwill and mother Karolina POCIEJ / Pociej Carolina - she brought to the family of Soltan an estate Zdzięcioł / Zdzieciol.
Second time to:
Konstancja Toplicka - Tupalska voto Korsak in 1820 that is Constance Tupalska Toplicka - Korsak, her father Antoni / Anthony.
His daughters among others [see more below!]:
Karolina SOLTAN / Soltan Carolina b. about 1780 + Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki married ca 1800;
Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 + Antoni Wankowicz / Anthony Wankowicz b. ca 1760 - with children:
Waleria TYZENHAUZ / Valerie Wankowicz, about 1800 + Constantine Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz, about 1800 + Benedict Tyszkiewicz,
Klementyna Mostowska / Clementine Wankowicz m. Mostowski.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki
(Tadeusz Wankowicz junior had sibilings: Antoni Wańkowicz b. ca 1710; Eleonora Wańkowicz b. ca 1715; Scholastyka Wańkowicz born ca 1720; Franciszka Wańkowicz b. ca 1725; half brother was Adam Wańkowicz son of Teresa Filipowicz and Tadeusz senior);
son of Tadeusz junior was Antoni ca 1758-1812 who married Anna Sołtan ca 1785-1812.

Daughters of above Antoni WANKOWICZ:
Klementyna b. ca 1804, m. in 1820 to Edward Mostowski 1790-1855;
Waleria b. 1805, m. in 1821 to Konstanty Tyzenhauz 1785-1853;
and Wanda 1808-1842, m. in 1825 to Benedykt Emanuel Tyszkiewicz 1801-1866.

Above named Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Łuczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz senior b. ca 1675
(grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki; Jan had brothers: Wladyslaw b. ca 1648 and Teodor b. ca 1650; and Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK)
and Helena Wołodkowicz born ca 1685.

Tadeusz Oginski was the owner of Luczaj, let this estate to Tadeusz Wankowicz and Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; Andrzej OGINSKI and Franciszek Ksawery Oginski, sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children: above Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and mentioned Andrzej Ignacy (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812]. Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with: Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński and Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński.

A branch from Samuel Sołtan b. 1654, killed in 1709, m. 1st to Wisiunianka / Wisimianka, and 2nd to Helena Ewa von Manteuffel 1-v. Jan von Berk; his son:
Stanisław Pereświt Sołtan 1698 - 1758, owned Andrepna and Zielonpole close to Rezekne / Rzeczyce, and Lideksna with Sprykutow close to Ludsen / Lucyn,
m. 1st to Eleonora Hilzen, daughter of Jerzy Konstanty Hilzen, and Anna Regina Schimmelpfennig von der Oye;
m. 2nd time in Dyrwiany to Helena Römer / Romer b. ca 1730 - she was 2-v. Jan Wayssenhof;
children of Stanislaw Soltan senior:
1. Augusta Sołtan, b. ca 1750 m. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Stanisław Sołtan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł d. 1802, daughter of Stanisław RADZIWILL and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzięcioł; m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róża Górska.

Children of above Stanislaw Soltan junior:
1. Karolina Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 married after 1800 to Józef Piottuch-Kublicki [see above];

2. Anna Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812 son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki; with children:
Waleria Wańkowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wańkowicz, + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Łohojski,
Klementyna Wańkowicz, + Mostowski.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732- 1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.

3. Helena Sołtan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
4. Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
5. Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.

Note:
Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Soltan Carolina born ca 1780; with child:
Walentyna / Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (mother Josepha Benislawska), her child
Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to above Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, landowner, member of the January Uprising.

Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia;
he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and mentioned by Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844, married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, daughter of Joseph and Valentina, and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia.
In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.

6. Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, with wifes:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and
Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.

Children of Stanislaw Soltan b. 1822:
1. Bogdan Wiktor Soltan 1861 - 1912 married to Maria Franciszka Soltan b. 1863, with daughter - Maria Emilia Soltan b. 1889 Aninsk and died 1963, m. Zdzisław Henryk Grocholski - her daughter
Maria Grocholska b. 1911 Pietniczany and died in 1940 Otrebusy;
2. Emilia Soltan Korsak, b. 1847 d. 1908,
3. Stanislaw Soltan, 1848 - 1850,
4. Helena Soltan 1849 - 1852,
5. Adam Soltan 1851 - 1902 Brzostownica Murowana,
6. Wiktor Władyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, owner of Kraszuty.

Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł / Jundzill Dunin had three daughters (see above and below):
1. Albertyna Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1836 - 1863;
2. Maria Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1827 - 1858;
3. Helena Chodźko nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1822 - 1886 in Paris.

Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodźko / Александр Ходзько / Аляксандар Ходзька, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia. Son of the writer Jan Chodzko; from 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom. In 1847 he married in Lausanne to
Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland;
she was the granddaughter of Mikołaj Michał Cichocki son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).

Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk;

Soltan, 1853-1905, engineer from Lodz, the Congress Poland, owner of Kraszuty, married to Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff;

Copyright by http://www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl:

Wiktor Władysław Sołtan (born 1853 in Brzostowica Murowana - 1905 Warszawa) was railway engineer; Soltan (Pereswit-Soltan) born close to Hrodna, was the son of Stanislaw SOLTAN
and his first wife Mary Jundziłł;
after losing his mother and father's exile to Siberia for his participation in the January Uprising 1863, Aunt Helena Pilecka took care of him - she lived in Brzostowica Murowana.
In autumn 1868, along with his brother Adam Soltan went to Riga to study at the Engineering Politechnic. He graduated in 1874; send on the practice of engineering in Switzerland, where his uncle, Victor Jundziłł, was the chief engineer of railways Lausanne-Bern.
1874-8, he worked for the West-Swiss Railways in Lausanne; returned to Warsaw in 1878 as a senior clerk in the Governing Board of the Warsaw-Terespol railway and in 1879 in the office of the board of Vistula Railway.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff Soltan's brother was Joseph Weyssenhoff who married Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch the daughter of Jan Bloch a banker from Lodz.
Thanks to family connections of the Soltans
(Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff + Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853, d. 1905 son of Stanislaw Soltan and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill Countess;
Amelia's father:
Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, her father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess;
Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff's brother:
Józef Weyssenhoff writer + Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch the daughter of a banker from Lodz - Jan Bloch. The daughter of mentioned Józef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff was Aleksandra Zielewicz 1891 - 1956 in Brazil. Józef Weyssenhoff Baron, novelist, poet, literary critic and publisher)
Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853 was close to the Warsaw financiers and industrialists but under the influence of the family he moved to the village.
The family nest of the Lubienskis was village Kalinowa, district of Blaszki; and Szczytniki, also Guzów, and Wiskitki. Kalinowa is situated close to Garbow and Golkow; north of Blaszki; north-west of Sieradz. North of Lubna-Jakusy village. The Lubienskis were living in Warta city, and above named Lubny / Lubna. Orzech estate in the Kalinowa parish, and Garbów / Garbok farm in the Kalinowa parish were owned by the Lubienski family;
Maciej Lubienski (b. - 1710) was brother of Stanislaw Lubienski, and was the landlord of above Kalinowa - he was the Sieradz officer; in the village of Kalinowa, central Poland, is the former mansion-house of families Lubienski, and later Murzynowski; is situated 66 km south-west of Lódz,
the above mansion had built and owned Wojciech Jan Lubienski / Wojciech January Lubienski before 1652;
the last owner of the Lubienski noble family was Feliks Lubienski (1758-1848), who moved his residence to Guzów in 1797 - see Chopin, Breguet, Oginski in Otrebusy!
From a 'Diary of Lubienskis' and the letter correspondences of his son, General Tomasz Lubienski (1784-1870), we know a lot about this family;
in Kalinowa was born Wladyslaw Aleksander Lubienski - the Polish Primate who was crowned the King of Poland Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
From 1797 Kalinowa was owned by the Murzynowskis. The mansion in 1865 was chosen as a model for the 'Straszny Dwór' (the Haunted Manor) in Stanislaw Moniuszko's opera of the same name. 1916 the Murzynowski rebuilding the manor.
The 1783-1784 register informed about the Kalinowa Parish in the Sieradz county:
Gac to Kocielkowski; Garbok farm to Lubienski; Golkow – Pstrokonski; Kalinowa – Lubienski (Michal Lubienski, the King court in 1775, Captain); Kaweczynek – the Catholic order; Orzech – Lubienski; Tobolczew - Kolaczkowski.
We back to Aleksandra Emilia Bloch / Alicja Bloch who married Józef Weyssenhoff / Józef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff who after 1905 was the closest to a national democracy; bard of the old traditions of the borderland landowners and hunting.
Józef Weyssenhoff was born 1860 in Kolano village near Jablon / Parczew.
Mentioned above Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff m. Wiktor Wladyslaw Soltan 1853 - 1905; her father Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska 1830 / after 1836 - 1880 daughter of Seweryn Lubienski and Amelia Golabek Jezierska;
her brothers:
1. above Józef Weyssenhoff + Alicja Bloch, with children: Wanda, Jan Weyssenhoff - Prof. the Wilno Uniw., Aleksandra Weyssenhoff and Rozalia;
2. Waldemar Wlodzimierz Weyssenhoff, landowner of Tarnów, and Juzynty in the Jeziorosy county
[see: Brzezinski and Konstantynowicz;
Juzynty / Jużynty, Panevėžys County, Lithuania - now Jūžintai; Зараса́й / in 1836 - 1918 as Новоалександровск, in 1919 - 1929 Эжеренай = Zarasai = Jeziorosy = Novoaleksandrovsk;
a city in north-eastern Lithuania, the administrative center of Zarasai District]
+ Maria Ledóchowska daughter of Karol Ledóchowski and Zofia Czosnowska.
Remember on Amelia's father:
Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, her father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess;
Wanda Lubienska's father:
Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of
Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski [b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow, in 1826; Captain of the Napoleon Guard]
and Paulina; husband of Amelia Golabek Jezierska; father of Maria Górska; Wanda Weyssenhoff; Witold Józef Lubienski; Kazimierz Lubienski; Zdzislaw Stanislaw Józef Lubienski; Mieczyslaw Jan Lubienski; Teofila Bogumila Stadnicka; Jadwiga Lubienska, and Jan Nepomucen Lubienski; half brother of Kazimierz Lubienski.
Above named Amelia Golabek Jezierska - Lubienska b. 1813, d. 1885, daughter of Jan Nepomucen Pawel Golabek-Jezierski and Karolina Jelski; she was sister of Maria Golicyn; Jadwiga Puslowska and Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski.
Under copyright by Leszek Mila in 2015 at www.geni.com.
Above Jan Nepomucen Pawel Golabek-Jezierski 1786 - 1858 in Garbów, the Brzeg County, the Opole province; son of Karol Golabek Jezierski and Zuzanna Golabek Jezierska; father of Amelia Lubienska; Maria Golicyn; Jadwiga Puslowska and Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski.
Above Karol Golabek Jezierski 1750 - 1826 in Warszawa, son of Jacek Golabek Jezierski and Zofia Miszewski - Golabek Jezierski.
The first owner of above mentioned Guzów (moved home from Szczytniki) was in the late eighteenth century Łubieński Felix de Valois (1758-1848), later Minister of Justice of the Duchy of Warsaw.
The only son of Felix de Valois and Teresa Belinsky was Francis Xavier Łubieński (b. 1784, in Szczytniki) who had two sons:
Kazimierz born in 1801 (mother Anna Miłkowska) and
Seweryn was born 1811 (the mother Paulina Potocki).
Francis X. Łubieński died at the age of 42;
Seweryn with the family moved to the property of the Potocki (Milanow) on the north border of the Lublin province, close to Radzyń Podlaski; Seweryn grew up at the court in Jablon at the property of his aunt Emma Potocki Strzyżowski. Count Seweryn Potocki in 1810 to convey the estate of Jablon to oldest daughter Emme / Emma, she married in 1810 to a Polish Army Colonel Piotr / Peter Strzyżowski; Peter Strzyżowski was a participant in the Napoleonic campaigns, he settled in Jablon with spouse Emma;
in 1836 Seweryn Lubienski (1811-1855) married Amelia Jezierska (1813-1885) and had 4 daughters and 5 sons:
Witold b. 1841 was grew up under uncle Piotr Strzyzowski, then bought Zasow / Zassow estate in ca 1870;
Strzyzowskich Peter d. 1855; Emma d. 1856 - assume ownership of Jablon to Amelia Jezierski Łubieński, widow of Seweryn, nephew of Strzyżowski. The next thirty years Jablon was property of the Lubienskis. Amelia was formed in Jablon and around five schools in rural areas. During the January Uprising 1863 the courts in Jablon and Kolano
[Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow]
were the center of conspiracy and assistance to insurgents - Kazimierz Łubieński [1843-1908] who was Amelia Łubieński's son was forced to leave the property. Threatened with deportation to Siberia, Amelia Jezierska Lubienska changed home to a more civilized manor of the eldest son Witold / Vytautas - in Zassow / Zasow / Zasowo.
Michal Lubienski (1896-1967), was the Head of Cabinet of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Second Polish Republic - Joseph Beck. Copyright by Stanislaw Cichon, 2011.
Above Zasów in 1855 was located in the Tarnow county; 1876 Zasów village received city rights, which had lost in 1914. In 1879 (1870 ?), after the death of Henry Ankiewicz, Zasów becomes the property of Witold Lubienski; who derived from the Sieradz province. Witold Łubieński and his son Thaddeus in Zasowo formed the Farmers Cooperative of Agriculture and Commerce. Tadeusz Łubieński married Maria Popiel with five sons: Witold Tadeusz, Alfred, Constantine and two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth. Witold was killed during the Polish-Bolshevik war in retreat from Kiev in 1920. His son Tadeusz junior fought in the September campaign of 1939.

Note:

Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo; son of Józef [1710 - 1755; Jozef was son of Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska] and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775; daughter of Anna Watta-Kosicki and Wojciech Gutowski. Above Józef Madaliński b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski!

Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kościuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768.

His father was above mentioned Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno, includes: Bojanice, Bojanickie Huby, Borzątew / Wilhelmsau, Florentynowo, Karniszew / Karniszewo close to Klecko, Kobylica, Mączniki, Małe Świątniki, Mieleszyn north-east of Klecko, Przysieka, Sokolnickie Huby, Sokolniki), married to Barbara Gutowski, owner of Gola - 5 km west of Gostyn and close to the Sulkowskis estates, in 1745-1746 owner of Babin - 6 km north of Slupca and east of Wrzesnia; Chrostowo - 1754, d. 1755. Barbara m. 2nd in 1765 to Jakub Krzyżanowski;

with sons

above Antoni b. 1739;
Feliks Wojciech, b. 1741,
Gabriel Józef, b. in Babin in 1745,
Leon Adam, b. 1746;
daughters Weronika Ewa,
Leona Adama,
Joanna Marianna b. in Gola 1744, m. Franciszek Droszewski; and
Franciszka, died in Międzyborze in 1774.
Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of above Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary 1802, Zatopolice close to Radom, Przybyszew / Przybyszewo, Lubania and Porów; burned in Przybyszewo, but his heart in Lubania. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto - see Kiedrzynski! Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica!
He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sułkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow.
Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczyńskis land, then in 1791 to Mielżyński.
Antoni Madaliński after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.
Mentioned above Barbara Madalińska nee Gutowska b. ca 1710, d. 1775, was also mother of Róża Komornicka.
Above named Józef Madaliński b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski!
Mentioned above Konstancja Madalińska nee Oraczewska, b. ca 1680 - died before 1762, to Jan Oraczewski of Przybyslawice close to Olkusz, and Justyna nee Zaborska; Konstancja had brother Franciszek Oraczewski; Konstancja married ca 1700 to Bonawentura Madaliński. Bonawentura was born ca 1680 (Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko was born to Kazimierz Madalinski and Zofia Wypyska).
They had 5 children: above named Józef Madaliński,
Anna Madalińska,
Felicjan Madalinski.
See: Feliks Oraczewski / Feliks Szczęsny Oraczewski, b. 1739 in Przybysławice, d. 1799 in Wien.
Wiktoria Skotnicka married above Antoni Ludwik Józef Madaliński;
Wiktoria nee Skotnicka, born 1762 to Jan Skotnicki and Katarzyna nee Rożnowska; Jan was born in 1730. Wiktoria had siblings: Dorota Marianna Skotnicka, and Jadwiga Radoszewska. Her children:
Józef Madaliński, and
Mikołaj Ksawery Stanisław Madaliński, and also unknown
Madalinska / Мадаленская - mother of Aleksander / Александр Данилович Гершенцвейг - Енчминский; inf. by Peter Trefilov.
Above Александр Данилович Гершенцвейг-Енчминский b. 1818 and died in 1861, was father of Александр Александрович Гершенцвейг-Енчминский / Герштенцвейг-Енчмински.

About above named Kazimierz Madalinski b. ca 1660 and Zofia Wypyska:
Kazimierz was son of Samuel Madaliński b. 1640 ? + Katarzyna Miłaszewska;
Kazimierz had sons:
Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko b. ca 1680, and
Michał Madaliński + Brygida Pilchowska.
Mentioned above Konstancja Madalińska nee Oraczewska, b. ca 1680 - before 1762, to Jan Oraczewski of Przybyslawice close to Olkusz, and Justyna nee Zaborska; Konstancja had brother Franciszek Oraczewski; Konstancja married ca 1700 to above Bonawentura Madaliński. Bonawentura was born ca 1680 (Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko was born to Kazimierz Madalinski and Zofia Wypyska).
Antoni Józef Madaliński, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kościuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768. Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo; he was son of Józef Madalinski and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775.
Above Jozef Madalinski 1710 - 1755 of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski; he was son of Bonawentura Madalinski b. ca 1680 and Konstancja Oraczewska.
Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710 was daughter of Anna Watta-Kosicki and Wojciech Gutowski.
Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko b. ca 1680 was son of Kazimierz Madalinski b. ca 1660 and Zofia Wypyska.
The Wypyski family were owners of Wypychy and Łosinno (Jan Wypyski ca 1690). Unknown Wypyski of Livland at the beginning of the 18th century had daughter Barbara and son Bonawentura; Barbara married to Franciszek Gąsiorowski of Nur; Bonawentura in 1716 sold to Gąsiorowski part of Wypychy; his sister was mentioned above Zofia Wypyska, m. to Kazimierz Madaliński of Nur b. ca 1660;
Kazimierz taken over Wypychy-Łosinno. Madaliński moved home to Wypychy. Kazimierz Madaliński with wife nee Wypyska had 4 sons:
Wypychy owned Wojciech Józef Madalinski priest in Radzyn Podlaski (see Lubienski);
Losinno / Łosino (close to Wyszkow and Lochow ?) - Wypychy taken his brothers: Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko b. ca 1680
[Jozef Madalinski 1710 - 1755 of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem; was son of Bonawentura Madalinski b. ca 1680 and Konstancja Oraczewska].
Above named Wojciech Józef Madalinski died in 1739; his brother Stefan also was priest, taken Wypychy close to Korytnica;
then WYPYCHY was taken by his next brother - Bonawentura Madalinski who died in 1762, and was married to Konstancja Oraczewska died in 1762, with 3 sons: 1. Józef Madaliński (1710-1755; father of Róża Komornicka and Antoni Józef Madaliński), 2. Andrzej Madaliński (d. 1766) and 3. Wojciech Madaliński (died 1778).
Wypychy owned in 1739 Józef Madaliński, youngest, no children ?; Wypychy was taken by unknown Madalińskis ca 1790.
Part of Wypychy since 1716 owned the Gąsiorowskis.

In detail on the noble Brzezinski / Bžezinskis family

1. the Brzezinski house of the Doliva coat of arms verified in Vilna on 08 November 1837; the noble Brzezinski family of Doliva arms verified  themselves in Kovno 1837, according to Uruski, vol. 2 (Franciszek son of Jan) and in Vilna 1858 (Kacper son of Kazimierz with sons of mentioned Kacper: Onufry, Jan,  Ludwik, Jozef, and also Michal son of Kazimierz); 

2. in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge that is Wilkomir) district, the Kaunas government also: Lokiany Upper and Lower in the Pagirys area = Pogiry or Pogieloze in  the Siesikai parish - 14 km W - N - W of Vilkmerge; the noble Brzezinski family of Trumpet arms in Lithuania as early as at the beginning of the 17th  cent. and derived from Jan Brzezinski and his son Franciszek and grandson Ignacy Brzezinski - verification in Kovno 1850. Jan Brzezinski / Bžezinskis was possessor of Zodziowo near by Ludsen (i.e. Ludza in Livonia) and Pudermoyze (i.e. Puderi or Pudereva according to Latvian atlas of 1931 ed. in Riga; 19 km E - N - E of Vilani and 12,5 km north - west  of  Rositten i.e. Rezekne, Latvia now), and he owned also Dyrwaniszki in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge) district. Part of the Brzezinski family emigrated from Livonia to the Austria - Hungarys Galicia after 1863  

3. Nacza Biedrzyca - Swaraszczyzna farm in the Lepel districtt, government of Vicebsk  

4. Kastyr estate i.e. Kastire, in the Dunaburg district, the Vicebsk government; it is located on the Jasa river, a tributary of the Dubna about 12,5 km  south - east of Preili and 42,5 km NE of Daugavpils (Dunaburg, Dyneburg); 750 ha,  the noble Dunaburg marshal Jozef Brzezinski lived here and next  Zaba family; Jozef Brzezinski owned also Pazemys estate (Pozejmie, Poshejmy) in the Dusetos parish, area of Antaliepte, district of Novoaleksandrovsk  (Zarasai  = Jeziorosy) - Poshejmy is located 15,5 km SW of Zarasai; the noble Brzezinski family possessed also a big Wenusow (Venusovo) estate in the  Novoaleksandrovsk district, the Kovno (Kaunas) government; Poshejmy and Venusovo are situated 39 and 38 km south - west of Daugavpils in present  Lithuania; Brzezinski family of the Swan coat of arms with Dunin nickname derived from Hieronim Brzezinski and stayed in Livonia since 1680 

5. Ssenkovo i.e. Sienkowo, Senkowo farm in the Mogilew district, 315 ha since 1882, it is located on the Lachwa river about 13 km W - N - W of  Mahileu (Mogilew

6. Zapole farm and Maniakowo in the Vilejka district, government of Vilna, about 11 km of Krajsk 

7. Podlasie territory before 1648 and the Nur area before 1704, they verified themselves in Hrodna 1852 - 1863 (the Lubicz coat of arms).

Juzynty / Jużynty, Panevėžys County, Lithuania - now Jūžintai; Južintai in the Panevežio apskritis, Lietuva - 40 km west of Zarasai.

Pazemys / Pažemys, Utenos apskritis, Lietuva - 7 km south-east of Vencavai, ca 20 km south-west of Zarasai, and 28 km south-east of above Južintai.

Vencavai / Wenusowo / Venusov, ca 6 km north-west of above Pazemys; at way to Južintai; in the Valmiera district, near the road Dusetos - Degučiai, Stephen Kolupaila derived the name of the village from the Roman goddess Venus; the village was called Venusov.

Since 1600 Vencavai / Wenusowo was property of Švykovskiai, Saltonas / Soltan, Bychovc / Bychowiec,

since 1781 landowner Jozef Brzezinski / Juozapas Bžežinskis, Count;

1823 Count Krzysztof Wereszczynski / Kristupas Vereščinskis {with wife SOLTAN},
since 1845 Kržyvecai (Krzywiec);

1611 was here already Church, which closed in 1696. 1744 - the Catholic Church.
And some more on Wenusowo:
Venus, Venusov, Venusovo / Vencavai belonged to the prince of Vitebsk / the Vitebsk Duke, Vasily Drucki-Ozereckiui / Wasyl / Wasily Wasilewicz Drucki-Ozierecki and his wife K. Švykovskaitei;
lands was managed by her brother Jan Szwykowsky / John Švykovskiui;
1615 - Švykovskis John and his wife Alexandra Bazanka transferred Venusovo to M. Strutinskiui. 1620 owned by Count Berlitz-Strutinskis.
1633 John and his son Tobias Švykovskiai funded the Vencavai Evangelical Reformed church;
later Vencavai was ruled by Soltan / Saltonas and Bychovc / Bychowiec; since 1750 P. Saltonas (Piotr Sołtan b. ca 1710) owner;
since 1781 to 1823 to Count Joseph Brzezinski / Earl Jozef Brzezinski, the Galicia Chamberlain, who liked to live widely and got into debt.
1823 Vencavai taken Christopher Vereščinskas / Wereszczyński Krzysztof with his wife (nee Soltan ?).
1845 the estate was owned by Krzywiec / Kržyvecams.
The genealogy of Jan Sołtan born ca 1685 with children:
1. Dominik Sołtan + Anna Gedrojć + Franciszka von Kruger;
2. Konstancja Sołtan + Jan August Hilzen;
3. Marianna Sołtan + Mikołaj Żaba;
4. mentioned above Piotr Sołtan b. ca 1710,
+ Przyborowska + Kopeć + 3rd married to Szostakowska / SZOSTAK, with children:
1. Benedykt Sołtan born ca 1760 + Józefa Benisławska,
2. Bogumiła Sołtan + Grothus,
3. Sołtan + Wereszczyński (Wereszczyński Krzysztof ?),
4. Sołtan + Szostakowski,
5. Stanisław Sołtan,
6. Teresa Sołtan + Rykow.

The Vencavai mansion was 8 km east of Antaliept.

Jan Sołtan or Antoni, born ca 1770, of Propojsk, owner of Penczyn + Judycka.
Brother of above Jan:
Benedykt Sołtan, b. ca 1760 + Józefa Benisławska (now Latvia).
Maybe grandfather of above Benedykt and Jan Soltan was:
Jan Pereświt Sołtan born ca 1685, died after 1734, of Staroduby and Inflanty in 1713 + before 1705 to Marianna von Manteuffel-Say, 1 voto Władysław Benisławski, of Inflanty.
Maybe Jan Pereświt Sołtan born ca 1685 was son of Samuel Sołtan 1654 - 1709.

See: Kriaunos - ca 40 km north-west of Zarasai, 1684-1688 Menževičius built a wooden church, 1818 - the owners of the surrounding mansions: Michael Romer, Count Krzysztof Plater / Earl Christopher Plater, and mentioned above Count Krzysztof Wereszczynski / Christopher Vereščinskas; Anton Eismontas / Antoni Eysmont.

And we back to the RADZIWILLES - Oginski - SOLTAN:

Jadwiga Zaluska Tyszkiewicz m. 2nd to Duke Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski (1712-1783), and Retów passed on the ownership of the family Oginski. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill [Izabela Kotryna Oginska born Radziwill] of Nieswiez, d. 1761 / 1763.

Izabela Kotryna Oginska Radziwill b. 1711, d. 1761 / 1763 in Maladzyechna [Molodeczno], the Minsk Province, was daughter of Michal Antoni Radziwill b. 1687

[named Michal Antoni Radziwill was brother of Lukrecja Katarzyna Donhoff; Adelajda Cecylia Teresa Dambska; Jan Mikolaj Radziwill, and Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll who was father of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, with daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan b. circa 1751 and her children were:
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780

{with above named children:
Walentyna Soltan (Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan 1795 - 1843 with daughter Oktawia Soltan b. 1830, d. 1871 in Kazan, m. in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan 1824 - 1900);
Anna Benislawska (Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Benislawski);
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki;
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Szumski + DOMINIK KONSTANTYNOWICZ of MIEZONKA;
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876 son of Konstancja Mickiewicz;
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820};

Helena Soltan and Anna Wankowicz]

and Marianna Siesicka; she was sister of Leon Radziwill and Marijona Radvilaite (copyright by Andrzej Hennel).

Mentioned above Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
A. Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and
B. Andrzej Ignacy (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son
Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812].

Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with:

A. Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński.
Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński 1801-1837 m. Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832

[Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800 - 1844, was son of Felix von Rönne 1st and Antonina Gielgud; above Felix 1st b. circa 1770, d. 1827 was son of Mikalojus Renė.
Feliks Filip was brother of
Antoni von Rönne;
MARIA TEKLA OGINSKA / Marija Teklė Oginskienė b. 1804
{wife of Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński b. ca 1805 who was brother and half-brother to Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński; Amelia Załuska; Ireneusz Oginski / Irenėjus Oginskis; Emma Wysocka and Ida Oginskaitė; see Kalinowski, Trubecki and Konstantynowicz with Piottuch-Kublicki};
Ludwika von Rönne
and above mentioned Teodora Ogińska
{b. 1807 wife of Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński b. 1801, with son FELIKS}],

with son Feliks Ogiński 1828-1893 who married to Olimpia von Rönne 1829-1861.

Note:

Antoni von Rönne / RENE
[who was the father of named above OLIMPIA OGINSKA / Olimpija Oginskiene b. 1829],
born ca 1800, d. 1869, was the son of Felix von Rönne
[1770 - 1827, was a son of Mikołaj von Rönne b. 1720/1740, and Aniela PILSUDSKA b. 1740/1750]
and Antonina GIELGUD.

Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella KOMOROWSKA Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski; she married to Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajūralis, close to Šilalė, and died in 1791 in Šilalė, the Tauragė County, Lithuania.
Franciszek PILSUDSKI was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below} - she was mother of above Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz b. ca 1740/1750 [see below].
Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times [Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times: 1st to Rosa Siukstaite / Roza daughter of Jozef ?, and 2nd to Anna Ivanovic / Anna daughter of Jan], with children:
1. above named Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia - see brief note below!];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 / 1740 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to above ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija b. 1740/1750.

Above Gorżdy / Gargždai, in west Lithuania, close to ex-Prussian border.

B. Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński
[Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Ogiński born Rönne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis {see Michal Kleofas Oginski and Polish underground conspiracy for independence} with daughter Gabrielė Marija Renė Oginskaitė 1830 - 1912 of Gargždai {see Mielzynski} who married to Edward Józef Krasicki and Eugeniusz von Rönne];
Felix I Baron Rönne, Lieutenant Colonel, owner of Manor in Swiatoszyn by the Memel River in Lithuania and of Renavas / Renowo, in 1781 - Major of the Polish King court and 1792 was the Polish Chamberlain, awarded in [before ?] 1799 with the title of Baron from Polish King. His wife Antonina Gielgud [see below], was daughter of Castellan of Samoigiten, Antoni and Barbara Judycka, with 5 children named the baron-title:
1. Anton / Antanas, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas;
2. Felix II / Feliksas, born ca 1797 or 1800 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai {see Mielzynski of Baszkow};
3. Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Ogiński born Rönne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI;

C. Amelia Załuska;

D. Ireneusz Oginski / Irenėjus Oginskis;
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Jozefina / Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski;

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759
[see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski]
married in 1780 to + Elzbieta Bielska / Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:

1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791. Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 [daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687 (acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki)].

2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

EMILIA POTOCKA m. to JOZEF KALINOWSKI b. 1790 - d. 1825
[see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA and Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski; with daughters: Jozefina b. 1816 {Józefina Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski}, OLGA b. 1822 {Olga Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski}, SEWERYNA, and MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska
{Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki. That is married to Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. on 18 November 1773 - see an affair in St Petersburg in 1840, and her daughter Maria m. KONSTANTYNOWICZ of Estonia and NESTOR Trubecki vel Kalinowski}].
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 that is MARIA / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804);
Marianna Maria Lubomirska 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824).
MARIA / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski; 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814).
Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska
[Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 that is the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin, with daughter Maria 1829-1906, and son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}].
Husband of above MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska / Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874 -
his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski).
His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793 died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski).

E. Emma Wysocka;

and F.
Ida Oginska.

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + above Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan); above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.

Maria de Neri's son - Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski (1808-1863) was the owner of Zalesie and Retów.
Above named Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski [see also Wola Pszczolecka: Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Sulimierski, Radolinski...] and Emilia Potocka she died in 1844; then Ireneusz married 2nd to Olga Kalinowska [see Trubecki, Estonia, Konstantynowicz, 1840 St Petersburg and Cracow].

Olga had 2 sons: Michal Mikolaj Oginski owner of Zalesie, and Bogdan Michal Oginski in Retów.
Bogdan Michal Oginski / Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district.



And now let's see how my genealogical research began, and not only those - in 1987 - and how it connects to the Artusov / Артур Христианович Артузов / Фраучи and Vernadsky! This short preface to my domain was formed 19 and on 20th April 2015, but its extensive fragments are also to read in the so-called 'Part 2 - Intelligence...'. So I invite you to read how somebody can create an history image omitting the historical facts...

"...The Trust's young mastermind, A. H. Artuzov / Артур Христианович Артузов (Фраучи), in his thirties at the peak of the operation, was a cousin of Potapov. Originally named Renucci or Fraucci, Artuzov is said by most sources to have returned to Russia from Genoa only on the eve of the Revolution, while the Soviets' fictionalized biography of Artuzov acknowledges that he was of Italo-Swiss ancestry. When Potapov was the Trust's emissary to Western Europe in the 1920s, he supposedly fooled the Russian aristocrats abroad into believing he was the representative of an anti-Bolshevik underground. Yet, as emigre chronicler of the Trust S. L. Voitsekhovsky had to admit, it was incomprehensible, how his contemporaries, his former superiors and colleagues, could have believed in the sincerity of his monarchical views. ... The Trust of the spies and provocateurs, as the above shows, turns out to be a microcosm of a much bigger East­West complex, whose strategic outlook was best stated by the infamous Toynbee in 1974. ... Cheka chief Dzerzhinsky wore another hat, as chairman of the Supreme Council for the National Economy, which allowed him to deal directly with the Western members of this larger Trust...".
Copyright of above quotation:
EIR Volume 15, Number 3, January 15, 1988; Š 1988 EIR News Service Inc., All Rights Reserved. A Fresh Look at the February Revolution. New KGB skirts history lessons... by Aleln and Rachel Douglas.
"John Dziak leads the IASC's work on technology security, strategic denial and deception and countermeasures. He has served over three decades as a senior intelligence officer and an executive in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and in the Defense Intelligence Agency, with long experience in weapons proliferation intelligence, counterintelligence, strategic intelligence, global countermeasures and intelligence education. He is the author of the award-winning, Chekisty: A History of the KGB (1987), numerous other books, articles, and monographs, the most recent of: which is The Military Relationship Between China and Russia, 1995-2002 (2002), and is currently preparing a book on counterintelligence. Dr. Dziak is fluent in Russian. Dr. Dziak is co-founder and President of Dziak Group, Inc., a consulting firm in the fields of technology transfer, intelligence, counterintelligence and security, and national security affairs with clients in industry and the Intelligence Community. Dr. Dziak is an Adjunct Professor at the National Defense Intelligence College".
But
"... A. H. Artuzov, in his thirties at the peak of the operation, was a cousin of Potapov. Originally named Renucci or Fraucci, Artuzov is said by most sources to have it returned Russia from Genoa only on the eve of the Revolution, while the Soviet's fictionalized biography of Artuzov acknowledges that he was of Italo - Swiss ancestry. When Potapov was the Trust's emissary is Western Europe in the 1920s, he supposedly the Russian aristocrats fooled into believing abroad he was the representative of an anti-Bolshevik underground".
In this quotation, however, is a mistake. Characteristic that appeared to it in the years 1987 and 1988.
Recently in 1987, I started by solving puzzles and political genealogy around my Konstantynowicz family in Poland and Russia.
In the first period October 1987 - September 1989 I recognized the immediate environment of our family Konstantynowicz, maybe 200 people; unfortunately it 'coincided' with the death of my father on November 3, 1987; buried 09 November 1987.
Curiosity! The webpage 'Executive Intelligence Review www.larouchepub.com/.../eirv15n03-1988011' was founded on 21 November 1987, but EIR, Executive Intelligence Review, was ed. on January 15, 1988, vol. 15, No 3. EIR: Founder and Contributing Editor: Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. and Editor-in-chief: Criton Zoakos, Editor: Nora Hamerman. EIR is published by New Solidarity International Press Service. Executive Intelligence Review is a newsmagazine founded in 1974 by the American political activist Lyndon LaRouche. The article "New KGB history skirts lessons of the...", by Aleln and Rachel Douglas, is on "A History of the KGB" by John J. Dziak, Lexington Books, 1987, 234 pages. 'Chekisty: The KGB...' was ed. the first by 'Free Press' on 28 September 1987, and again on 01 January 1988 by this publisher. The Lexington Books edited this book in October 1987, but second publisher 'Ballantine Books' ed. on October 31, 1988.
(Some on Lyndon LaRouche: "...an internationally known economist, and his exceptional successes as a long-range forecaster, are the outgrowths of his original discoveries of physical principle, dating from a project conducted during the 1948-1952 interval". Acc. to http://www.larouchepub.com/larouche_biography.
"In his subsequent search for a metrical standard for this treatment of the functional role of cognition, he adopted the Leibniz-Gauss-Riemann standpoint, as represented by Bernhard Riemann's 1854 habilitation dissertation. Hence, the employment of Riemannian conceptions to LaRouche's own discoveries became known as the LaRouche-Riemann Method. That work was further enriched by his study of the Riemannian biogeophysicist Vladimir Vernadsky, whose concepts play a major role in LaRouche's scientific work".
At https://larouchepac.com/vernadsky we read: "Throughout the work of Ukrainian-Russian [Pole] biogeochemist Vladimir Vernadsky, we find a powerful argument for why processes on Earth, and in the Universe, are organized according to a top-down principle of life, and, even higher, human cognition. This is a concept found throughout the writings and speeches of economist Lyndon LaRouche, who has often referenced the work of Vernadsky".
Vernadsky's life's work ended up culminating in a similar investigation, of the unique distinction of man from animal, something Vernadsky approached from the standpoint of a biogeochemist. Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky wrote 'Revolutionary Theory of the Biosphere and the Noosphere'.
Irina Trubetskova of the Department of Natural Resources, University of New Hampshire: After years of silence, the West finally started to discover and scientifically recognize a prominent Russian researcher, organizer of science, educator, public figure, person of encyclopedic knowledge, philosopher, and thinker - Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky, a genius that belongs to all of humanity.
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky b. 28 February 1863, was a Ukrainian / Polish and Soviet mineralogist and geochemist who is considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and of radiogeology, founder of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. In 1943 he was awarded the Stalin Prize.

История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи. Genealogy and history of the Wernadski, Modzelewski and Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia.

At http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/cult/larouche
informed by By John Mintz from Washington Post, on January 14, 1985:
It was January 1974, and Lyndon H. LaRouche Jr., the leader of a left-wing sect, was telling his followers why they had to believe his story that one of them had been brainwashed by the Soviet secret police. ... The story of how Lyndon LaRouche transformed himself from Marxist theoretician to red-white-and-blue conservative in 10 years is a tale of a political chameleon. ... He has taken with him on his ideological journey a worldwide organization that follows his every instruction and mimics his every political twist and turn, according to interviews with former LaRouche associates and experts on the group, as well as the group's internal documents. ... his organization, known as the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC), according to interviews with former NCLC members, others familiar with its activities, published reports and an examination of the group's internal documents, some of which were filed in a recent libel suit in Alexandria. ... A top associate, Nancy Spannaus ... LaRouche associates point to the Schiller Institute's sometimes large conferences as evidence that his followers do not constitute a cult. ... Paul Goldstein, a top LaRouche aide, said descriptions of the group as a cult come from former members who "have gotten burned out because of the pressure" of outsiders' attacks.
Another source: Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort by Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons, New York: Guilford Press, 2000: ...Though often dismissed as a bizarre political cult, the LaRouche organization and its various front groups are a fascist movement whose pronouncements echo elements of Nazi ideology. Beginning in the 1970s, the LaRouchites combined populist antielitism with attacks on leftists, environmentalists, feminists ... They developed an idiosyncratic, coded variation on the Illuminati Freemason and Jewish banker conspiracy theories. ... A former Trotskyist, Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., founded the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC) in 1968 as an offshoot of the radical student movement. But in the early 1970s, LaRouche engineered a political about-face, using cult pressure tactics to consolidate his grip over the NCLC and initiating a campaign of physical attacks on Communists and Black nationalists...
During the 1970s and 1980s, the LaRouchites built an international network for spying and propaganda, with links to the upper levels of government, business... The LaRouchites traded information with intelligence agencies in the United States, South Africa, East Germany, and elsewhere. ... Food for Peace and the Schiller Miezonka
Institute, and put out such publications as New Solidarity (later The New Federalist) and Executive Intelligence Review. In 1976 LaRouche's original electoral arm, the U.S. Labor Party (USLP), published a conspiracist attack on President Jimmy Carter...
In 1989, LaRouche was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for mail fraud conspiracy, based on illegal and manipulative fund-raising practices, as well as tax evasion. His organization continued to operate while he was in prison...
At Metapedia.org:
... LaRouchism, also known as the LaRouche movement, is an idiosyncratic political movement based on the views of Lyndon LaRouche, an American political activist. ... the LaRouche movement has attracted a significant amount of Jews (Anton Chaitkin, Jeffrey Steinberg, Paul Goldstein, Phil Rubinstein, Harley Schlanger and others). ...
Gregory Rose, a former chief of counter-intelligence for LaRouche who became an FBI informant in 1973, said that while the LaRouche movement had extensive links to the Liberty Lobby, there was also copious evidence of a connection to the Soviet Union. George and Wilcox say neither connection amounted to much-they assert that LaRouche was "definitely not a Soviet agent", by Wikipedia.
Helga Zepp-LaRouche founded the Schiller Institute in Germany in 1984. In the same year, LaRouche was able to raise enough money to purchase 14 television spots, at a cost of $330,000 each.
By http://www.lyndonlarouche.org/fascism19.htm:
"...Between February 1982 and February 1983, with the approval of the National Security Council, LaRouche met with Soviet embassy representative Evgeny Shershnev. Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld reported in his 2011 memoir that at a 2001 dinner in Russia with leading officials, he was told by General Yuri Baluyevsky, then the second highest-ranking officer in the Russian military, that LaRouche was the brains behind SDI. ... In 2012 the former head of the Russian bureau of Interpol, General Vladimir Ovchinsky, also described LaRouche as the man who proposed the SDI. ... The LaRouche organization's relationship with the Soviet Union ranged beyond military and scientific matters. Former NCLC intelligence staffer Kevin Coogan writes that in 1979 LaRouche met in West Germany with Julian Semenov, a Soviet spy novelist widely believed to be linked to the KGB. Semenov asked the LaRouchians to investigate the disappearance of a czarist treasure looted by the Nazis. The LaRouchians found no treasure, but they did publish an EIR teaser about it. They also published an article by Semenov on the Kennedy assassination. Predictably, he speculated that Peking was involved. Another key Soviet contact was Ioni Andronov, a correspondent for Literaturnaya Gazeta. Andronov frequently chatted with Paul Goldstein, whom he occasionally quoted as a counterintelligencc expert. In one interview Goldstein told Andronov he thought the so-called Bulgarian role in the attempted assassination of Pope John Paul was a hoax. On this point he was probably right, but he went on to suggest that the CIA might have been involved - an allegation for which there is no evidence whatsoever. ... According to Coogan, the LaRouchians met regularly with Soviet officials in Washington as late as 1983. The LaRouchians claim they provided reports on these contacts to Judge Clark's office at the NSC. Whatever the truth, LaRouchian publications until the death of Leonid Brezhnev displayed a certain degree of affection for hard-line Stalinism because of its no-nonsense attitude toward Zionists and other dissenters and its commitment to central economic planning. New Solidarity's obituary on Brezhnev praised him as a "nation builder" and avoided any mention of his invasions of Czechoslovakia and Afghanistan. Thereafter, as LaRouche became more heavily involved in supporting Star Wars and NATO, the NCLC line changed. Moscow became the "Third Rome," a center of unremitting Russian Orthodox evil. When Gorbachev took power, the LaRouchians said he was the Antichrist. The Soviets in turn took serious note for the first time of LaRouche's West European political intrigues. In the wake of the 1986 assassination of Olof Palme, the Soviet press depicted the LaRouchians as the prime suspects. ... LaRouche countered that the KGB did it, a charge for which there was no more rhyme or reason than Goldstein's allegations about the CIA and the Pope. Meanwhile, LaRouche claimed that the October 1986 government raid on his headquarters in Virginia was Soviet-inspired. According to LaRouche, when Reagan and Gorbachev met in Iceland, Gorbachev delivered an ultimatum: Either you get rid of LaRouche or there'll be no arms deal. In Paris, LaRouche sued the pro-glasnost Soviet magazine New Times for calling him a "Nazi without the swastika." It was basically the same suit he had brought repeatedly without success in American courts. The pro-glasnost Soviet magazine chose to play by Western legal rules: They mounted an aggressive courtroom defense, entering LaRouche's own writings as evidence. The Paris High Court rejected LaRouche's suit and ordered him to pay costs as well as damages to the magazine and its distributors...").

We back to my work. Then came the period of 1990 - 2002, I met Georgia, Russia, etc, but mostly tens people of Poland and other countries has granted me accurate genealogical data, and not just about family Konstantynowicz; thanks to this I could - in 1992 - provide a working thesis of particular importance: "in our family was someone on the top of the Soviet military intelligence" , and our family Konstantynowicz moved in Tsarist Russia very close to the Russian intelligence core. The parts it turned out to be true; I am writing that only partially, because the key person was a Swiss with Italian - Estonian origin, and this man had no affinity with our family, but was created by the military system, whose my Konstantynowicz family was a part: in Miezonka, Swolna, Moscow, Estonia, St. Petersburg, Kazan, the Vaud canton and the nearby Swiss villages, Riga. This search took me 27 years, but it took 20 years to Stalin it came up on the trail military conspiracy in May 1937 - probably as long, because the key person - Artusov surely created a Soviet counterintelligence, and next he took the position as head of civilian intelligence, then deputy head of the military intelligence of the Soviet Union. In the period February 2003 to date - May 2016, I communicate to all with the help of Yahoo servers in California, knowledge on the history and genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family, by using further of the factual help my readers .

So...
Sebastian Rybarczyk, journalist and publicist, specializes in the history of special services, at 'historia.focus.pl/swiat/' on January 15, 2014 write about Artuzow
(my webpage was writing on Artuzow on January the 01st, 2014 and on 08th January, 2014):
"...Strange that he did not defend himself, using his knowledge of the most senior (Soviet) leaders, eg, at early 20s (of the 20th cent.) he was responsible for the 'protection' of Clare Sheridan - an attractive young British sculptor, Churchill's cousin and lover of Trotsky and Kamenev, the personal enemies of Stalin...".
Well, unfortunately, I lost on 02 January 2014 the previous workplace.

Part 1 - Intelligence. Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia. Bolshevik Revolution 1917. Key note.

Part 2 - Intelligence. Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia. Bolshevik Revolution 1917. Key note.

Espionage and intelligence in Russia 1772, 1914, 1917, 1937, 1989.


"John F. Kennedy gave this speech to the American Newspaper Publishers Association on 27th April 1961, two and a half years before his assassination on November 22, 1963. He reveals his thoughts on secret societies and gives what seems to be a call to action. Many believed that he was referring to secret societies being established within the US Government, although others felt it was a cryptic message about an overseas communist threat", wrote down Albert Jack at https://albertjackchat.com/. Albert Jack's Mysterious World is a collection of the world's most famous and puzzling mysteries. Albert Jack is an English writer and historian.
Mick West from Sacramento said [at https://www.metabunk.org]: "...He was referring to Soviet Communism, in a speech about press freedom during the cold war. The speech (to newspaper publishers) was on April 27, 1961, more than two years before his assassination. ... The debunking here is not debunking that he said it - he did. The debunking is the use of the quote, absent the explanatory context, to make it seem like JFK was talking about some Illuminati/NWO plot ... The "common danger" is communism. The "monolithic and ruthless conspiracy" is communism. The speech is entirely about communism and the Cold War. This is made quite clear. ... He was referring to Communism, in a speech about press freedom during the cold war".
Someone had given feedback: "He was talking about the elitist, industrial complex..."; "...Sounds pretty monolithic and Ruthless to me. John F. Kennedy signed EO 11110 that abolished the Federal Reserve, a private central bank and returned the issuance of currency directly into the US Treasury. 6 months later he was dead in Dallas";
"...Here are my beliefs in a nutshell. Communism < secret societies < illuminati = Illuminati > Secret Socities > Communism. JFK says secret societies for a reason even if you think it was just about communism thats really a good point because they'd be one in the same. Your still admitting to the monolithic and ruthless conspiracy whether its communism he's talking about or not. So instead of trying to convince you that he's talking about secret societies I'll convince you that there still is a monolithic ruthless conspiracy, communism. Even though Commies and the illuminati would be described in the same way. JFK was trying to warn us that these things were gonna happen";
"...The Communist countries, and Communist sympathizers have ever been open about their intentions, but always covert and secretive about their specific activities and tactics. The governments of such countries are highly secretive and controlling, using the press in their countries as the propaganda arm of the government, censoring any criticism while lauding or outright manufacturing its successes and accomplishments. There is little question that the great threat that President Kennedy was speaking of was not the USSR, but the geo-socio-political philosophy of Marxism as promulgated by the Eastern Bloc countries, especially practiced by, but not limited to, the USSR".
And more: "The menace of communism in this country will remain a menace until the American people make themselves aware of the techniques of communism. No one who truly understands what it really is can be taken in by it. Yet the individual is handicapped by coming face to face with a conspiracy so monstrous he cannot believe it exists. The American mind simply has not come to a realization of the evil which has been introduced into our midst. It rejects even the assumption that human creatures could espouse a philosophy which must ultimately destroy all that is good and decent" - The Elks Magazine (August 1956), by John Edgar Hoover (1895 - 1972) the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States, appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation in 1924.
At http://www.truthinsideofyou.org: "...Oliver Stone shows in the movie 'JFK' the group that killed the President. It's when they meet in the park by the Washington Memorial and they ask, 'who could have had the power to do all of this', and it pans back and the two men become minute dots on the little park bench. From the top to the bottom of the screen, on the left hand side you see the whole monument the symbol, the obelisk of the real secret society ... This will be followed by a speech given by JFK at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York on April 27, 1961. He gave this speech to the National News Publishers Association. It lasts about 19 minutes or so. You've always had it. They're still here today and that speech was the one that sealed his fate. That was the real reason HE WAS KILLED PUBLICLY. Publicly executed with craftiness ... It was done craftily out in the open as he drove into the sun and his head was right there".

And now we look at the text below written in January 2014.
Bogdan Konstantynowicz, the author of this website believes that we can already, after a quarter-century of research on my genealogy, give to my readers to analyse and rethink, a few comments on the role of our family Konstantynowicz and the Polish-French family Armand from Moscow, in the deep structures of political intelligence of Tsarist Russia and in the strategic network of Russia's technology military intelligence and then even of the Soviet Union.

This is the text for further discussion.

Approximately one hundred years infiltrating of the military intelligence of Tsarist Russia by Polish agents in the years around 1814 - about 1922, brought unprecedented positive effect - Polish independence in 1918. But the Polish country was destroyed completely after the events of 1939, and above all after the creation of the Soviet protectorate in 1944/1945.

Jozef Pilsudski served for the military Austro - Hungarian intelligence, rose to the rank of brigadier general there / Brigadier. So he took advantage from the Germans and Austrians structure worked out into Tsarist Russia, which created artificial figures in the revolutionary socialist movement: Trubeckoj Nestor, Peter Kropotkin, Lenin Ulyanov, as well as in Russian networks of the military and industrial structures of the second half of the 19th century: electricity, telegraph, ciphers, decryption, generators, radio lamps, lighting lamps, aircraft, aircraft engines and vehicles, magneto for engines, new types of steel, electrical cables, airships, cars, radio, then television and soviet nuclear industry.

At the same time, the French military intelligence expanded in Russia, by the old French families, and others: English, Polish and Georgian in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
The network intelligence gone back to the Napoleonic times and the Italian Legions. Through these Cracow networks have developed for a family Trubeckoj, Kalinowski, Oginski, Konstantynowicz, Paszkowski, Armand, Demontet, Duflon, Rey, Diserens.

Russian military intelligence and counterintelligence created by Baltic German families from Latvia and Estonia, went back as far to families: Schilling, Benkendorf, Dubbelt, Rosenberg, Gernet, Rehbinder, Rosen, and next a military intelligence network reached Georgia and Svaneti - Racha: Japaridze, Dadiani, Gruzinsky, Maipariani - full this system took over the Pilsudski movement from the top, among others by family Konstantynowicz from Miezonka, Moscow, Tallinn and Viljandi.

The great importance in this system of underground operation had Armand family from Moscow, next of kin with the Wild, Demontet, a Georgian families, Konstantynowicz and Paszkowski.
Therefore they were relatives of Trubecki, Siedych, Rosenberg, Armand, Manfred, and had a Georgians family: Dadiani, Gruzinsky, Japaridze and Maipariani.
The Russian counterintelligence climb on this system. Now appeared Spychalski family, Jaroszewicz, Zarako Zarakowski, Swierczewski, Żymierski.
On the margin remained Malkiewicz and Horodecki, Szostak and Zbieranowski and Andrzejak of Lodz and many others from Estonia, Latvia, Georgia, Belarus and Russia, and Finland, and of course in Sweden: Nobel, Damm, Hagelin, Hakker.
With the intelligence system of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and of the Tsarist Russia fully used by the Jozef Pilsudski,
in order to rebuild Polish state.
Took over the structure in Lodz, Krakow, St. Petersburg, in Belarus and Moscow.
Inesse Armand and Anna Konstantynowicz were planted to Lenin, not counting other Armands.

Pilsudski always spoke he has got a few or a dozen years to build and re-build the independent Polish state, because then Russia raise with knees.
It was surely Stalin who idolized the Russian imperial state. However, it succeeded smash Russia in the 1917 - 1922 and rebuild Poland in 1918.

The eldest Pole among above military figures was
general Jan Jacyna.

Jan (John) Jacyna born 15 December 1864, died on 10, December 1930 in Warsaw. He was the son of Alexander and Natalia nee Hejnarowicz. "In 1878, he graduated from high school in St. Petersburg, and the College of Engineering at Kronstadt and the St. Petersburg Military Academy of Artillery". Major-General in 1911. 1917 was an vice-president of the Association of Military Poles and president and treasurer of the Supreme Polish Military Committee in St. Petersburg. 1921 - 1922 adjutant general of the Head of State. Jacyna was married to Wiktoria Ossowiecki, with whom he had a son, Alexander b. 1894.

He served in a
"
Main technical committee"
of the Navy Ministry in St Petersburg since 1891;
at a later date he acted, 
1901 - 1917

as member on "
the board of directors of government armouries" of the Navy Ministry (next War and Navy  Ministry) in Petersburg.
Since then he was near to problems of war industry in Russia, especially during  -
1914 / 1917 - the First world war; then (since 1915)

he co-operated with "
Military - industrial committee" composite of war industry's representatives and he ran up against suggestions of aeroplanes deliveries and aerial inventions
(
confer Jan Jacyna memoirs, vol. 1, p. 71);

he was the most known general in all Polish environments of St Petersburg at the beginning of the 20th  cent., amidst military and industrial activists
, social workers after the Bolshevik revolution, and also among the Polish active politicians in Russian parliament  since 1905/06; he was near to the imperial Russian court; general Jan Jacyna evaluated figure of Wladymir Boncz Brujewicz wholy negative when paid a  call on Lenin at the end of January 1918;  

(general Jan Jacyna kept in touch with  e.g.

Michal Szydlowski and Karol Jaroszynski = Karol Yaroshinsky, who managed with a big loans especially  during  the First world war. On Jaroszynski see
Shay McNeal, "The Plots to Rescue the Tsar", ed. London 2001  

[Karol Yaroshinsky / Karol Jaroszynski "(...) died in near poverty in 1928. His last years were spent in pain as a result of a poison needle having been jabbed into him at the opera in Paris at almost the same time as Sidney Reilly disappeared in the Soviet Union
(
in the 1920s). (...) Before the Revolution, he had fallen in love with one of the Tsar's daughters (...). Near to Krivoshein - the man who brought Yaroshinsky into the Allied banking scheme. (...) Yaroshinsky was the financial benefactor to the Romanov family during the last days of their captivity in Tobolsk and Ekaterinburg in 1918. The man was involved with Henry Armitstead and Jonas Lied, who had been paid through the British Secret Service for activities in Northern Russia
(
1918)."]
).

The Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company co-operated with the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank.

According to V. S. Solomko at http://www.encspb.ru/ this St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank was a joint-stock commercial bank, opened in 1869, cooperating especially closely with the

St. Petersburg International Bank

by taking part "in the military industrial group to build submarines for the Baltic Navy. The group included Lessner's Plant and Nobel's Plant in St. Petersburg, which played a leading role in the group, as well as Fenix, Atlas, and Gatchinsky Ironworks".

Guchkov Alexander Ivanovich b. 1862, political and public figure, banker and businessman, was Director of Moscow Discount Bank. In 1907 and 1915, he was elected Member of State Assembly representing Industry and Trade, heading a Defence Commission 1907-10.
In St Petersburg, he was a member of St Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank's board.
From 1915, he was Chairman of the Central Military-Industrial Committee and a member of the Special Meeting for defence.
At the end of 1916, he designed plans for dynastic coup, acc. to A. G. Kalmykov and http://www.encspb.ru.

The 'Duflon...' Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8: Evgeny / Evgenij Evgienievich Armand - Chairman, Nikolai Danilovich Liesienko who 1906 - 1914 represented the interests of the company in St. Petersburg, L. F. Duflon who lived since 1908 in Switzerland, Alexander E. Armand, Sergei Gernet son of Pavel and Emil I. Ramseyer.

The member of the Duflon & Konstantynowicz board of directors, Sergei Pavlovich Gernet b. 1859, in Gdov, the Pskov Oblast, Russia, died in May 1918 in Saint Petersburg; he was the son of Paul Bernard Gernet; father of Evgenii Sergeevich Gernet - marine oficer.
Above Paul Bernard Gernet / Paul BERNGARD Gernet, b. 1819 in Saint Petersburg, d. 1859 in above Gdov, was son of Woldemar Fridrich von Gernet; husband of Dorotheya Gernet.
Above Woldemar Fridrich von Gernet b. 1783 in Tallinn, d. 1857, was son of Christian Wilhelm Gernet, and Woldemar was husband of Juliane Hermine BERGMANN b. 1791. Woldemar Fridrich von Gernet b. 1783 in Tallinn, d. 1857 = Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783, died 1857.
Above Christian Wilhelm Gernet {he had sister Friederike Auguste Stenbock Fermor born von Gernet}, born in 1740 or in November 1741, in Reval (Tallinn), died 1819, was son of Karl Gotlib Gernet b. 1700;
Christian / Christophe von Gernet married Charlotte REHBINDER b. 1755, died 1821 - that is Charlotte Beate Eleonore born Rehbinder, 1763 - 1817, daughter of Georg Johann von Rehbinder and Beata Katharina born von Krüdener b. 1734.
History and genealogy of the Constantinovich family with relatives: Pushkin, Troubetzkoy, Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Sedykh from Kazan, Soltan, Oginski, Paszkowski and Kalinowski from Cracow, Zbieranowski, Zarako-Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Armand in Moscow and Petersburg, Gernet from Estonia, Dunkel / Tunkel from Estonia, Dubbelt / Dubelt from Riga, Bakst, Demonet or De Monet, Dizeren, Azbelev, Holynski of 18th cent., Bagration-Gruzinski and Mukhrani from Sakartvelo-Georgia.

Named above Karl Gotlib Gernet, 1700 - 1791, had 4 children:

1. Фридрих Карлов Гернет, 1738 - 1789. Eberhard Friedrich von Gernet was born on November 26, 1738 in Lehhlola / Lehhola / Lehola in Estonia and died on July 29, 1789 in Ohtel / Ohtu, Estonia (Ohtel / Ohtu - only 3 km south - east of Lehola, near to Keila, and ca 15 / 13 km to Uksnurme.

2. above Христиан Вильгельм Карлов Гернет, 1740 / 1741 - 1819.

Christian Wilhelm / Христиан Вильгельм Гернет died ca 1819; born in Lehhola, Estonia - his sons:
a. Hans Moritz von Gernet born 1775 died 1860 (his son Adam Oskar von Gernet 1834 in Reval - 1908 in Reval - and his son: Moritz Nikolai Oswald von Gernet born 1867 Sallenstad - d. ?) and
b. Otto Heinrich von Gernet (1780 Reval - 1848) and
c. Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783 died 1857;

3. Карл Густав Карлов Готлибов Гернет 1747 - 1812
(Carl Gustav von Gernet born in Waikna and died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia with son Karl Iogann / Carl Iohan von Gernet - Waikna / Vaikna that is support manor of Koluvere manor, Kullamaa Parish in Läänemaa County; 38 km east of Haapsalu and also east of Kiideva, north-west-north of Parnu, 70 km circa. Note: Jula Dunkel b. 1840, from Ridala Parish, Lääne County, Estonia - her father Kustas Dunkel b. 1814 from Haeska, 7 km east of Kiideva (Gernet) and south-east of Haapsalu, about 23 km west of Vaikna)

[he had son Карл Иоганн Карлов Густавов Гернет b. 1776, died 1857 with son Lieutenant Фридрих Магнус Карлов Иоганнов Гернет 1824 - 1909; and grandson Адам Рихард Эрнст Фридрихов Магнусов Гернет 1878 - 1944]
4. Мориц Карлов Готлибов Гернет 1775 - 1860
{Moritz had son Оскар Морицов Гернет 1834 - 1908, and grandson, historian Аксель Конрад Оскаров Гернет, served the prosecutor office in St Petersburg, 1865 - Feb. 1920; and with great-grandchildren:
Элизабет Акселев Конрадов 1894 - 1985, Магдалина Шарлотта Акселева Гернет 1896 - 1983, Вильгельм Оскар Акселев Конрадов Гернет 1900 - 1934}.

A brother of above KARL / Carl Gottlieb b. 1700:
Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet, Sr., 1702 / 1703 in Reval (Tallinn), died 1772 in Reval (Tallinn), son of Joachim Gernet and Hedwig Sidonie; husband of Anna Margaretha with children:
Joachim Heinrich Gernet; Catharine Margarethe Lindberg; Johann Christian Gernet; Dorothea Elisabeth Rodde; Johann Christian Gernet; Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet, Jr.; Friedrich Gottlieb Gernet; Friedrich Gottlieb Gernet; Christoph von Gernet; Anna Christina; Anna Magaretha Chalenius; Peter Gernet 1748 - 1749 in Tallinn, and Peter Gernet 2nd
{Peter Gernet b. 1749 in Tallinn, Estonia, died in 1807 in Archangielsk / Arkhangelsk; father of Anna Magarethe Gernet; Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet; Peter Joachim Gernet; Anna Margarethe Crowe; Dorothea Elisabeth Shergold; Peter Joachim Gernet; George Gernet; Johannes Gernet; Emerentia Charlotte Tieden; Margarethe Elisabeth Gernet; Margarethe Elisabeth Meyer; Luise Wilhelmine Gernet and Carl Firedrich Gernet}.

Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet, Sr., born in 1702 in Reval (Tallinn) was the brother of Katharina Elisabeth Gernet; Hedwig Dorothea Herlin; Johann Friedrich Gernet; above Carl Gottlieb von Gernet; Friedrich Gottlieb Gernet; and Christina Sophia Gernet; half brother of Joachim Gernet; Margaretha / Margarete Laurin and Dorothea Gernet.

Named above Sergei Pavlovich Gernet b. 1859, in Gdov [east of the Pskovsko-Tschudshkoye ozero], the Pskov Oblast, Russia, died in May 1918 in Saint Petersburg, had son
Eugene S. Gernet b. 1882, Kronstadt, d. 1943, Spartak village, the Pavlodar Province, Kazakhstan; captain of the 2nd rank in 1917; during the Russian-Japanese War, distinguished during the defense of Port Arthur (1904), the First world war: he served in the Black sea (1916); then he served the Soviet Navy in 1918, commanded the squadron moved from Sevastopol to Novorossiisk. The commander of the Volga (1919), Azov (1920) and other fleets. Polar explorer, hydrographer (1933-38). Arrested in 1938, he died in exile.
History and genealogy of the   von  Mohrenschildt ancestry  and Pilar Pilchau, Rehbinder, Dunkel, Krauze, Konstantynowicz in Tallinn; Armand and Paszkowski in Moscow


A note on the Gernet family from Estland / Estonia:

Natalie Praskowia Rehbinder b. 1796 died 1862, her father Peter Woldemar Rehbinder b. 1757 d. 1823; her husband Alexander August von Gernet b. 1786 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia and died on October 5, 1865 in Lehhola. Lehola is a settlement in Keila Parish, Harju County in northwestern Estonia, 15 km south-west of Harku, and 18 km west of Saku. His father Carl Gustav von Gernet b. 1747 died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia.

Brothers of above Aleksander Gernet: Georg Gustav von Gernet 1780 - 1846, Wilhelm Adolf von Gernet 1792 - 1867, Karl Johann von Gernet 1776 who died on November 8, 1857 in Lauenhof, Podrala, Valdamaa / Valgamaa County, Estland / Estonia.


Son of above Karl Johann Gernet: Karl Jakob Rudolf von Gernet 1826 died April 20, 1912 in Hapsal / Haapsalu, Estonia. His brother: Magnus Friedrich von Gernet 1824 died October 22, 1909 in Reval / Tallinn, Estonia - and his son:
Rudolf Jakob von Gernet was born 1864 and died in 1944.
More at http://konstantynowicz.info/Konstantinovich_Troubetskoy_Orlov_Denisov_Bagrationi_Paszkovsky_Siedych_Armand_Demonets/Estonia_Russia_Belarus_Poland/toll_rehbinder_steinberg_gernet_nomme_harku_saku/index.html;

see a notes on the Rosen family and Carl Gustav von Gernet 1747 - 1812 / Карл Густав Карлов Готлибов Гернет at my domain.

More at http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html

We look now at the genealogy
CARL MAGNUS Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803, Yoggis / Jogisoo near KEILA (see HACKER or Hakker family next of kin to the ARMANDS and PASZKOWSKI - Konstantynowicz)
- 8 km east-south (or in Padis / Padise), he died in 1862, Revel, the owner of Jogisoo / Yoggisa and Pallu ca 6 km south of above named Jogisoo, in Estonia (Yoggis / Jogisoo / Yoggisa / Jöggis). Chief of District. Baronial title in 1855.
His wife was Katharina Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt / MORENSHILD / Katharina Augusta Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1811 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland that is Kreuz Hof, died in 1855, Revel, the daughter of Berend von Mohrenschildt, owner of Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald and Eleanor Juliana Elisabeth von Rosenthal.
That is Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth Rosenthal daughter of Gustav Heinrich von Wetter-Rosenthal.

CARL MAGNUS Reinhold / Karl Magnus Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was son of Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm; father of Gustav Adolf Pilar von Pilchau; Konstantin Behrend Alexander Pilar von Pilchau; Reinhold Berend Alexander Pilar von Pilchau and Karl Julius Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau;
brother of Emilie Caroline Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau and Gertrude Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1806.

Above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau was son of
Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau b. 1734 (Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau died in 1801 in Jöggis), who was father of
1. Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau b. 1761;
2. Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau;
3. Jakob Johann Pilar von Pilchau;
4. Catharina Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau and
5. above named Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau;
6. Major Магнус Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 or 1769. His wife was Maria Becu with her children: Zofia / София Пилар фон Пильхау and a son who was born in Wilno / Вильнюс - Alexandr / Alexander Karl / Aleksander Karol Pilchau Pilar, b. 1802 [see Artuzow - Frautchi and Dzierzynski - a line to Jozef Pilsudski, Bulhak, Kojalowicz, Bilewicz, von Ronne {Mielzynski, Paszkowski, Angela Merkel, Suchocka, Sulkowski, Venture de Paradise, Breguet...}, Komorowski, Oginski and Kalinowski - and to Walewski - Wola Pszczolecka...].

More about Estonia, Saue, Keila, Lehola, Tallinn:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Konstantinovich_Troubetskoy_Orlov_Denisov_Bagrationi_Paszkovsky_Siedych_Armand_Demonets/Estonia_Russia_Belarus_Poland/toll_rehbinder_steinberg_gernet_nomme_harku_saku/index.html.

Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa - ca 30 km south-west of KEILA {above Berend Robert / Behrend von Mohrenschildt, b. 1786 in Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa, died in 1861 in Kreuzhof} -
http://konstantynowicz.info/family_history_genealogy_historia_rodzina_genealogia/Italy_UK_Switzerland_Estonia_Sweden_Belarus_Russia_Poland_France/Belarusian_Estonian_Polish_Russian_genealogical_historical_database/index.html.

At http://konstantynowicz.info/encyklopedia_internetowa_Polski_Niepodleglej_czesc_1_1768-1990/index.html
all on the genealogy of Von Mohrenschildt with family connections to Pauline Wilhelmine Rehbinder b. 1818;
and with the Douglas clan;
and about Gertrude Elisabeth nee Pilar von Pilchau, born 1806 in Jöggis / Jogisoo, the Saue vald, Harjumaa, Estonia - d. 1847 (see Dunkel and Krauze) the daughter of mentioned above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau (see Becu, Dzierzynski and Pilsudski) and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm. She was sister of named above Carl / Karl Pilar von Pilchau and Emilie Caroline Elisabeth.
Von Mohrenshildt family - genealogical and historical database
Details on the Dadiani family:
Prince Alexander Leonovich Dadian / Aleksandr Leonovich Dadiani b. 1800, was married two times:
1. to Princess Nina Farnaozovna Georgia / Нина Фарнаозовна Грузинская b. 1802, daughter of Prince Gruzinsky and Princess Anne Georgian Eristov - Ksani / Аннa Эристовa-Ксанскa, making his son Nicholas (1824-1829);
2. in 1836 to Baroness Lydia G. Rosen (1817-1866) / Розен Лидия Григорьевна, daughter of
Gregor / Grigori Vladimirovitch von Rosen 2-nd / Gregory Vladimirovich Rosen (1782-1841) and Elizabeth Dmitrievna Zubov / Елизаветa Дмитриевнa Зубов (1790/1792-1862). Mentioned above Elisabeth Dmitrievna von Rosen Gfin. Zubova / Елизавета Дмитриевна, b. 1792, d. 1862 in Moscow, was daughter of Дмитрий Александрович Zubov and Прасковья Александровна.
Above Gregor / Grigori Vladimirovitch von Rosen 2-nd had parents - Олимпиада Федоровна / Olimpiada von Rosen nee Rajewskij / Olimpiada Rajewska, and his father was Woldemar / Vladimir Ivanowitsch von Rosen b. 1742 in Reval.

Above Baroness Lydia G. Rosen (1817-1866) {see also Japaridze, Oldenburg, Armand, Konstantynowicz} that is Lydia Grigorievna Dadianov / DADIANI / nee von Rosen, died in Moscow, was wife of above named Alexander Leonevitch Dadiani Gf. von Mingrelien / Prince Alexander Leonovich Dadian;
Lydia was mother of Maria Arseniew; Антон Александрович Дадиани, and Paraskewa Alexandrovna von Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.
See: above mentioned Дмитрий Александрович Zubov b. 1764, d. 1836, was father of Aleksandr Zubov; and above named Elisabeth Dmitrievna von Rosen [Elizabeth Dmitrievna Zubov / Елизаветa Дмитриевнa Зубов, 1790/1792-1862; see DADIANI !]; Варвара Дмитриевна Сухтелен; Anna Knuth; Екатерина Дмитриевна Пашкова; and Николай Дмитриевич Зубов.

Above Gregory Vladimirovich Rosen / Grigori Vladimirovitch von Rosen 2-nd (1782-1841) was son of General Lieutenant Владимир Иванович Розен, that is Woldemar (Vladimir Ivanowitsch, 1742 - 1790) von Rosen and Олимпиада Федоровна von Rosen. Above Vladimir was son of Иоганн Христиан Розен and his second wife Шарлоттa Доротa Врангель.

Gregory Vladimirovich Rosen (1782-1841) and Elizabeth Dmitrievna Zubov that is the branch of Dadiani - Japaridze - Armand - Konstantynowicz;
Hans Wilhelm Gustav von Rosen, 1780 - 1862, that is the branch to Gernet - Duflon - Konstantynowicz.

Above Hans Wilhelm Gustav von Rosen, was son of Robert von Rosen, owner of Rackamois, and Charlotte Gertrude Helene von Meyendorff; husband of Katharina von Matthias with children: Robert Hans Otto Friedrich von Rosen; Gottlieb Reinhold Wilhelm von Rosen, owner of Russal; Helene; and Karl Gustav Woldemar Amandus von Rosen. HANS was the brother of Auguste Julie Olympia von Samson-Himmelstjerna and Juliane Charlotta.

Above Robert von Rosen, owner of Rakkamois / Rackamois and Resna in Estonia, b. 1748 in Resna / Roosna (Sonorm), the Ambla Parish, in the Järva County, Estonia; died 1813 in Raka (Rackamois), the Ambla Parish; was son of Hans Christian von Rosen, owner of Sonorm and Anna Luise Elisabeth von Budberg; husband of Augusta Friederike Renate von Derfelden and above Charlotte Gertrude Helene von Meyendorff, with children: Hans Wilhelm Gustav von Rosen; Auguste Julie Olympia von Samson-Himmelstjerna and Juliane Charlotta.

Robert von Rosen was the brother of mentioned above Woldemar (Vladimir Ivanowitsch) von Rosen b. 1742 in Reval [see DADIANI and ARMAND]. Above Woldemar died 1790 in Rossia / Resna.
Above Hans Christian von Rosen, owner of Sonorm m. Anna Luise Elisabeth von Budberg.
Woldemar (Vladimir Ivanowitsch) von Rosen was father of Alexander Vladimirovich von Rosen 3rd; Gregor (Grigori Vladimirovitch) von Rosen 2nd; Olimpia (Olympia) Rajewskij and Maria.
Above Gregor (Grigori Vladimirovitch) von Rosen 2nd b. 1781, d. 1841 in Moscow, was father of Екатерина Григоьевна Пашкова; Dmitri Grigorjevich von Rosen; Прасковья Григорьевна; Alexander von Rosen; Nikolai von Rosen.
Above Olimpia (Olympia) Rajewskij b. 1789, died 1816, m. Basil Rajewskiy.

Emil I. Ramseyer was the Swiss citizen, the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, chairman of the Board of the 'Atlas' Society in St. Petersburg;
his brother Ramseyer Y. I., Swiss citizen was also the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank and Director of the Company 'Sormovo'.
On the Рамзай surname:
we are looking for who is Riemsnyder / Reimsnyder / Reemsnyder / Reamsnyder or Ramseyer / Рамзай К. А. / Ramsay K. A. - a family from Estonia and St. Petersburg
.

Lenin's funds in Russia and the German military intelligence service - part 2: Alexander = Helphand vel Parvus (from Berezyna / Berezino) and also Hanecki and Mecheslav Yulevich Kozlovsky (Mieczyslaw Kozlowski son of Julian, a Bolshevik attorney, died in 1927, was described as the chief recipient of the German money that was transferred from Berlin through the Diskonto-Gesellschaft to the Stockholm Nya Banken and thence to the Siberian Bank in Petrograd) had been working for Parvus, Sklarz in Berlin, Karinsky, Bonch-Bruyevich, Lenin, Radek, and Vorovsky; Eugenia Mavrikievna Sumenson (Eugenia daughter of Maurycy, a woman relative of Hanecki), Svenson vel Hans Steinwachs, Alexinsky.


Curiously enough:

New Russian military intelligence under different names operated from October 21, 1918. At this time the Red Army was already a huge and powerful body but after October, 1917, Bolsheviks faced with many difficulties, including the collapse of the army. Therefore, reorganizing the old army, they left in the War Department that is the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs - General Directorate of the General Staff (GUGSH) and this body consisted the 2nd Division of the General Quartermaster in December 1917, which was the central organ of intelligence and counterintelligence services of the armed forces of Russia. So by the end of 1918, Soviet military intelligence in full was as the legal successor of the pre-revolutionary military intelligence. GUGSH headed General V. V. Marushevsky (Polish?) who refused to cooperate with the new government.

Then Quartermaster-General Nikolai Mikhailovich Potapov was new chief of the military intelligence
(in 1915-1917, Potapov was the Main Director of the General Staff at the office of General Quartermaster. However, according to some reports, he - from July 1917 - collaborated with the military organization of the Petersburg bolshevik Committee. In November, 1917 to May 1918, Potapov served as Chief of Staff, and acting as assistant manager of the Military Department; in June 1918, he became a member of the Supreme Military Council, and from July 1919 Chairman of the Military Legislative Council).

Colonel Yudin was the bolshevik Commissar and Peter F. Ryabikov, after the coup, was had remained in the office because the Bolsheviks did not touch the military intelligence, as opposed to counter-military intelligence, which they immediately dispersed, as it was involved in the campaign of charges the Bolsheviks was spying for Germany in the summer of 1917.

Crisis of foreign intelligence commenced with the end of December 1917: colonel Andrey Stanislavsky (Polish?) entered the service for the French intelligence, and intelligence reports from the allies - the French military mission in Moscow - came to the end in July 1918. In February 1918, the country faced with bloody civil war, and in March 1918 the Soviet government established the Supreme Military Council for the organization of the armed forces of Red Army with a military leader, former tsarist general M. D. Bonch-Bruevich and two political commissars Shutko and P. Proshyan. On March 17, 1918, the Supreme Military Council included: a military leader, his assistant, Quartermaster-General with several assistants, and intelligence chiefs, a field inspector of artillery, and others; on March 19, 1918: Chairman - People's Commissar for Military Affairs Leon Trotsky, the Council members and above named General N. Potapov. In June, 1918 the Supreme Military Council was reorganized and included: a military leader Bonch - Bruevich, chief of staff and staff occupied by former officers, the deputy of the military leader appointed a former Major General of General Staff Alexander Alexandrovich Samoylo, an assistant Chief of Operations of the Supreme Military Council was Colonel Alexander Kovalevsky (Polish? April - May 1918). Kovalevsky, soon will move to the South, where he headed the mobilization management of the North Caucasus Military District; here he with General Nosovich (Polish?) were arrested by Stalin, but after Nosovich was fleeing to the 'white', Kovalevsky was again arrested and shoted.

Wladymir i.e. Vladimir Bonch - Bruevich was publisher and one of Lenin's closet associates. Curiosity! Lenin signed certificate for V. Bonch-Bruevich on July 7, 1920 because of a month's holiday and travels to Kulgaevka / Kulgajewka village in the Klimovichi county, Moghilev / Mogilev province, when the Red Army went on the general offensive - begun on July 4, 1920 - against Poland. Wladymir i.e. Vladimir Bonch - Bruevich had got a cabin in autonomous Finland and Lenin had hiding place there in period July - October 10th, 1917 [Old Style] i.e. to 23rd October;
Vladimir Bruevich was administration manager at the Council of People's Commissars in November 1917;
cf. F. Antoni Ossendowski, "Shadow of the bleak East", edition of 1919 and 1921, p. 57 - 58: he was known to sphere of Petersburg high society, Polish "old nobleman", secret chieftain of socialists; he concealed of Trocki - Bronstein in Petersburg A.D. 1905 and also directed Chrustalow - Nosar or Chrustalov - Nosari in 1905.

The second brother, older - general
Michail (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich either Bonch - Bruyevich Mikhail Dmitriyevich or Michal Bonc - Bruevic, see - if you read Russian - here:  http://history.tuad.nsk.ru/index.html
(b. 1870 - died 1956; son of Dmitry who stayed in Moscow) who was tsarist general. Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch - Bruyevich from 1892 to 1895 served as an officer with the Lithuanian Guards Regiment at Warsaw. He was in command of the 176th Perevolochensky Regiment, based at Chernigov in 1914 and had known Russian aviator Pyotr Nesterov. The chief of staff and deputy commander of the Russian Northern Front and commander of the Northern Front from 29 August 1917 to 9 September 1917. September 1917 (?) a chief of the Russian military counterintelligence.
Above inf. acc. to http://www.x-libri.ru/elib/ by Arsen Martirosyan Benikovich, 'Conspiracy marshals. British intelligence against the Soviet Union'.
'Germane-norden' and 'Balticum' were extremely influential in Germany, and in Russia - representatives of the ancient aristocratic families of the number pro-German Ostsee (Baltic) Barons played a crucial role in large-scale after February and October 1917 Revolutions in Russia, close to the head of the Russian military counterintelligence Gen. M. Bonch-Bruevich (brother of Lenin's closest aide). Different source: On September 9, 1917, Бонч-Бруевич / Bonch-Bruevich was replaced as commander by Gen. V. A. Cheremisov / В. А. Черемисов and appointed to the Supreme Commander. Arriving at the General Headquarters in Mogilev, Bonch-Bruevich established contact with the Mogilev Soviet of Workers and Soldiers Deputies and 27 September 1917 was co-opted into its executive committee in Mogilev by Dnieper river. In early October 1917, Bonch-Bruevich rejected the appointment of Governor-General of the Southwestern Region in Kiev and Omsk and took over as head of the Mogilev garrison.
But acc. to Soviet Security and Intelligence Organizations, 1917-1990: A Biographical..., by Michael Parrish, we read that M. D. Bonch-Bruevich was a General in Tsarist Counterintelligence.
Next M. D. Bonch-Bruevich was chief of staff of the Supreme Commander after November 1917
. Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch - Bruyevich was the military director of the Supreme Military Council and chief of general field staff of the Red Army (field staff of the Revolutionary Military Council) in 1918 - 1919.

Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch - Bruyevich was the specialist in take a pictures from airplanes and organized the first technical office of aerial photograph in 1925; he wrote "The aerial photograph" in 1931 and similar book in 1934 (and  Grigorij - his son Mikolaj (2nd) b. 1896 was general of the Soviet air force).


The family von Pilar Pilchau from Pärnu and south-western foreland of Tallinn, played a major role in the political activities of Estonia in the nineteenth century, combining both stories Polish struggle for independence with history of Estonia.


Among relatives and next of kins of our Konstantynowicz 'Mscislau' branch appeared the Zarako Zarakowski family in the second half of 19th cent. and in the 20th cent.; 

the Spychalski family from Lodz was related to kinsmen of our lineage at the turn of the 20th century and in the middle of the 20th cent.; 

the Jaroszewicz family had connection to our line in the middle of the 20th cent. (the Jaroszewicz house derived from the Vicebsk province and had Prus the 1st arms, they possessed here the Ostupiszcze estate from Gruzewski family since 1710 to the end of the 18th cent.; Jerzy Piotr Jaroszewicz with Kwaczynski nickname was an officer here in 1713 - 1714 and somebody here in 1716; related to Kownacki, Rymaczewski and Kopakowski according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 3; among others several of the Jaroszewiczs died in Old Bychow in 1655; priest Manuel Jaroszewicz in Sluck A.D. 1666, Roman Jaroszewicz in Mahileu in 1682, and Jan Jaroszewicz in Vilna 1720 - 1722, another Jan Jaroszewicz and also his son Jan lived in Szaule near by Mejszagola in 1753, Ludwik Jaroszewicz lived in the Mscislau province in 1764; the Jaroszewiczs were related to Jankowski, Olszewski and Chodasiewicz families in the Dzisna district and also they served Radzivill family in the Minsk government at the turn of the 20th cent.; Dmitrij Jaroszewicz son of Konstantin, Russian admiral)

the Swierczewski family was near socially associated with us, for instance in the sixtieth of the 20th century. 

Some Generals, Prime Minister, the Head of State and one marshal of the communistic Poland - creators of the Soviet   transitory administration 1943 / 1990 - derived from these families. Relatives of our Konstantynowicz branch kept in touch  with  Jozef  Pilsudski, Michal Zymierski and Wladyslaw Sikorski at the moment in the first half of the 20th century - marshals  and  General with different political views. 

It wonder that three Marshals and General - military prosecutor died with natural death but three remaining Generals died with tragic death.

The Jaroszewicz marriage was murdered by former Secret Service and the Soviet KGB officers, acc. to http://nowahistoria.interia.pl/historia-na-fotografii/. Jaroszewicz was supposed to suggest that Charles / Karol Swierczewski 'Walter' betrayed him in 1947, the secret disclosed by the Soviet General, concerning the replacement of the Polish communist leaders by Soviet agents-look-alikes.

About a backstage of murder of the Jaroszewicz couple writes in book 'Famous couples PRL', Sławomir Koper, ed. by 'Red and Black', at website http://wiadomosci.wp.pl/ on 11 February 2014. "...Jaroszewicz apparently had financial problems, but saved a sell-numismatists, which Peter has accumulated during his long career. ... journalist Bohdan Roliński published two interviews with former Prime Minister. ... indicated that Jaroszewicz spoke with Karol Świerczewski, who told him that the Russians used the 'method of matrioszka', of substituting Polish communist by Soviet agents - look-alikes. Jaroszewicz and Świerczewski have identified several 'matrioszka', including Jozef Swiatlo and Boleslaw Bierut. Jaroszewicz suggested that the death of Świerczewski could be related to this knowledge. ... Even more sensational hypothesis has a journalist of the weekly Angora, Leszek Szymowski, who stated that the reason for the murder was the Jaroszewicz archive, which contained a copy of the documents incriminating Wojciech Jaruzelski, Czeslaw Kiszczak and other politicians 80s. This crime was part of a broader plan to eliminate all that could stopped the conduct of political transformation, directed by generals Kiszczak and Jaruzelski. Weekly Wprost published information suggesting that the death of Jaroszewicz has connected with the secret wartime archives of the Reich Security Office, which at the end of World War II went to the baroque palace in Radomierzyce near Zgorzelec. ... among others Gestapo informers lists, documents relating to French collaboration with the Third Reich ... In 1945, Colonel Piotr Jaroszewicz and several other officers had some explosive packages of securities before the archives were transferred to the USSR. ... Tadeusz Steć was killed in his own home at the hands of unknown assailants just a few months after Peter. Before his death, he was tortured... Jerzy Fonkowicz was assassinated in 1997. In 2007, the theory that the murder was related to the Jaroszewicz Nazi archive has placed the Criminal Intelligence Bureau of the Police Headquarters (in Poland). ... ignored the testimony of the witness (who said he saw one woman and two men the morning on September 1 came out of the house). At the end of 2005, analysts Archive X (section dealing with the explanation of complex criminal cases) found that from the register of the murder of Jaroszewicz lost key evidence, that is, the three bags with traces of unidentified fingerprints. The prints were found at the glasses of Jaroszewicz and cabinet doors located in his office... Biography of Jaroszewicz overgrown in many myths. The future prime minister was born in 1909 in Nieśwież ... ... In August 1943 he was still Private, but after several months already a colonel, and after a further eight (after the war) general! Even Napoleon Bonaparte promoted from lieutenant to general took a little more time...".

Generals of communistic People Polish Army: Karol Swierczewski, Piotr Jaroszewicz and Marian Spychalski (later on the Marshal) in the fourties of the 20th century were deputies of Michal Zymierski - Marshal and communistic Minister of Defense. The genealogy of my Mscislau "inlet" of the Konstantynowicz ancestry point out long and strong connections with the Imperial Russian Army and Russian military intelligence since the seventies of the nineteenth century  and after  when they served in tsarist Georgia / Sakartvelo 
but especial at the turn of the 20th century. It was the tsarist military technology intelligence at the beginning of the 20th century.  

This connections fade away probably at the end of the 20th century?



For less proficient in genealogy and the less initiated in conspiracy theories, I have a few clues. First you have to read this page.
Then read the first five chapters of the following links.
Then you have about 100 sites where it shows the details of the individual topics:
families, people, events [it is only 200 to 250 years] ... On this side to look for key words:
Merkel, Komorowski, Oginski, Suchocka, Bilewicz or Billewicz, Mielzynski, Rönne or RONNE, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski, Pilar Pilchau.
Geographers have got few villages and towns:
Pawlowice [Mielzynski], Baszkow, Perzyce [see Angela Merkel], Rawicz, Krotoszyn;
to village Wola Pszczolecka and Miezonka in BELARUS [Kiedrzynski and Konstantynowicz with link to ARMAND in Moscow - back to BREGUET and DUFLON]; Kurmene / Kurmen and Radkuny [Komorowski], Retow [Oginski], Gorżdy / Gorzdy / Gargzdai / Gargždai [von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE].

The relatives of the family Konstantynowicz lived in Wola Pszczółecka in the nineteenth century [see Kiedrzynski, Sulimierski, Radolinski, Walewski and Fiszer].

This village had very close contacts with Krotoszyn and Rawicz - Leszno area [see Rokossowski, Soltyk, Mielzynski]:

A.
Note on the Union of Scythemen, the Patriotic Society and National Freemasonry [we get a direct connection: Mielzynski - SOŁTYK - Kalinowski that is Pawlowice and Baszków with Wola Pszczółecka]:

Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski in 1815, after the final fall of Napoleon, not joined the army of the Kingdom of Congress, but moved to his possessions in Pawlowice, Kakolewo, Poniec, Smogulec, Golancz, under Prussian King
[General Franciszek Paszkowski in 1816 - 1819 lived in the Great Poland, then in Cracow. Acc. to me Paszkowski was secret member of the Union of Scythemen, and he escaped in 1822 to Free City of Cracow].
There he was very active as a mason, especially supported the underground struggle for independence and unification of Poland; member of the 'Union of the Scythemen' near to a secret Masonic organization created by Valerian Lukasinski. The 'Union of the Scythemen' was a secret organization for Polish independence, which operates in the Poznan region in 1820-1826. It was established on the base of the Poznan National Freemasonry with the head board - Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski, and General Jan Nepomucen Uminski. Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski [see Pawlowice and Aleksander Bilewicz senior, and Baszkow close to Krotoszyn - see the branch of Angela Merkel] carried out the unification talks in Warsaw, ending with the transformation of Freemasonry to the National Patriotic Society in May 1821 [Ignacy Pradzynski, Maciej Mielzynski and Louis / LUDWIK Szczaniecki] but was broken in 1826.
Mentioned Maciej Józef Franciszek Mielzynski b. 1799 in Winna Gora, d. on March 5, 1870, Polish political and social activist, a landowner. He was the son of Jozef Mielzynski / Joseph; he was educated in Berlin; he was imprisoned for participating in the 'Union of the Scythemen'; took part in the November Uprising in 1831, served under the command of Dezydery Chlapowski. For a short time he lived in exile, then jailed; also received a high penalty fine.
And now we look at
Roman Soltyk b. 1790 - d. 1843, who was a Polish nobleman, political activist and general [see Wola Pszczolecka and Kalinowski]. Born in Warsaw; Roman was son of Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, and Caroline / Karolina Sapieha.
ROMAN was a member of secret independence organisations in the Congress Poland, like his father, he became a member of the underground Patriotic Society. In 1826 he was imprisoned, but released [see Union of Scythemen]. Linked to the conspiracy of Piotr Wysocki. In 1830, vice-president of the Patriotic Association.

Above Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz].
In 1794, on a secret mission from Kosciuszko to the Viennese court, interned by the Austrians; 1795 in exile, he played a leading role, and was one of the first initiators of the Italian's legions, was imprisoned several times by the Prussians and the Austrians;
Stanislaw Soltyk in 1802 was (along with Tadeusz Czacki) the initiator of the Commercial Association, for export of grain through the Black Sea [see HORODYSKI, Szaniawski].
The president of the Central Committee of the Patriotic Society. 1826-1829, a state prisoner, chaired the 1829 conspiracy; after the outbreak of the November Uprising, Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 was honored as the patriarch of the struggle for freedom.
See: Kalinowski, Wola Pszczolecka, Mielzynski, Pawlowice, Baszkow.

The ancestors of Angela Merkel lived near by the Mielzynski family, that is Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski b. on November 14, 1778, Rabin, d. on June 29, 1826, Pawlowice, close to Leszno, Earl, freemason, Brigadier General of the Polish Army. His father was Maximilian Mielzynski in 1786 with hereditary title of Prussian Count
{that is Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski Count, b. 1738, married Konstancja Hutten-Czapska born in 1749, to Jakub Hutten-Czapski; they had:
Katarzyna m. Mielzynska;
Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski b. 1778 [Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski married after 1800 to Prowidencja Honorata Zaremba with son Leon [see below] and three daughters: Laura (Eleonora) married 2nd time to Józef Napoleon Czapski with her son Bogdan Hutten-Czapski];
Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski [with son Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski b. 1813 and grandson Wladyslaw Mielzynski b. 1848. See below] and
Józefa Kozminska.
Above Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski b. 1738 in Laszczyn, the Rawicz County, died in 1799 in Pawlowice, was son of Andrzej Mielzynski and Anna Petronela BNINSKA [see my domain on the BNINSKIS]}.
Please remember about two individuals with similar first names: Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1840-1891 who married to Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911, and Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1778 - died in 1826 in Pawlowice, the Pszczyna County, who was husband of Prowidencja Honorata ZAREMBA.
Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski born 1778 was father of Elzbieta Mycielska; Filipina Sczaniecka; Leon Tomasz Mielzynski, and Eleonora Laura Hutten-Czapska 1815 - 1875, 1st wife to Karol Czarnecki, and 2nd to Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Sulpicjusz Hutten-Czapski.
Named above Leon Tomasz Mielzynski 1809 - 1900 in Drezno, was son of above Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski Count and Prowidencja Honorata; was husband of Felicja Elzbieta; was the father of Anna Czarnecki; Maksymilian Mielzynski; Maciej Eliasz Mielzynski; Maciej Ignacy Mielzynski and Maria Poninska; he was brother of Elzbieta Mycielska; Filipina Sczaniecka and Eleonora Laura Hutten-Czapska. Copyright by Leszek Mila in 2015 at geni.com.

Feliks Marian Mielzynski, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1840-1891
[grandson of Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski 1813-1885; the great-grandson of above named Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski 1780-1842; great-great-grandson of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799]
and Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911, daughter of Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800-1844 + Franciszka Maria Zaluska 1793-1844
[Aniela was granddaughter of Felix von Rönne 1770-1827 + Antonina Gielgud b. 1800; and great-granddaughter of Mikolaj von Rönne b. ca 1740 and Aniela Pilsudska b. 1750].
Above Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor / Gorzdy, Lithuania now.

B.
Alojzy Paulin Gątkiewicz b. 1800 - d. 1852 in Wola Pszczółecka, was son of Tomasz Ignacy Gątkiewicz
[Tomasz was son of officer of Dyneburg who was b. before 1750, + mother who died in Kwaskow in 1824 and Tomasz was brother of Wiktoria Gątkiewicz b. after 1765-1838]
1766-1837 + Karolina Korytowska b. 1760 - died in 1850 in Kwaskow / Kwaskowo - ca 4 km east of Blaszki [Wrząca south of BLASZKI and above Kwaskowo were in the same estate].
Alojzy Paulin Gątkiewicz was married in 1827, in Sośnica to Franciszka Chłapowska 1800-1836, daughter of Ludwik Chłapowski 1768-1831 and Tekla Sokolnicka 1776-1848,
with daughter Klementyna Karolina Tekla b. ca 1820 m. Cezary Wawrzyniec Ignacy Gątkiewicz b. ca 1820, with son Alojzy Wincenty Józef Gątkiewicz b. ca 1850 + Józefa Białecka.
Above Sośnica - 7 km west of Dobrzyca, south-west of Pleszew, north-east of Krotoszyn [see Merkel, Bilewicz, Mielzynski]. Sośnica was the estate of Michał Chłapowski.
Above Karolina Gątkiewicz Korytowska died 1850, was daughter of Piotr Korytowski and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska [Ewa come from Karol Rokossowski and Marianna Grodzicka ca 1720 - died 1780 - see below more on the ROKOSSOWSKIS].
Karolina b. after 1760 was wife of Tomasz Ignacy Gątkiewicz b. 1766 and mother of Honorata Murzynowska and Tekla Agnieszka Zakrzewska; and above Alojzy b. ca 1800. Karolina was half sister of Aurelia; Karolina; Walenty Korytowski [wife Kuczborska] and Mikołaj Nepomucen Korytowski died 1775
[Mikolaj + Ludwika Goczałkowska b. 1721 with daughter Marianna Pągowska b. 1750 - d. 1799 or after 1801 {Marianna m. in 1775 to Seweryn Pągowski of Kalisz, 1744-1814, with daughter Elżbieta Pągowska 1777-1819 + Stanisław Krzyżanowski}; + 2nd unknown Rokossowska].
KAROLINA GATKIEWICZ was daughter of Piotr Korytowski d. 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska born in Pakoslaw {14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN, see Mielzynski and Sulkowski}, d. 1800
[Piotr m. also to Weronika Tekla Bartoszewska 1730–1756; mother Ewa was married also to Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski d. 1756].


A wonderful Polish genealogy
[http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan/Angela_Merkel_Bronislaw_Komorowski/index.html]
of the President Bronislaw Komorowski, Ms. German Chancellor Angela Merkel [see Mielzynski and von Ronne] - but do not forget to read my other websites, and there's Lenin, Pilsudski, Dzerzhinsky, who belong to the same network / system - and the family of Kaczynski with President Lech Kaczynski descended from Wieruszow area
[with a link to Wola Pszczolecka - Kiedrzynski - Konstantynowicz - Kalinowski - Oginski - Soltan - Piottuch-Kublicki and again to Konstantynowicz - Miezonka + Moscow + Nomme close to Tallinn - Armand in Moscow - Dadiani - Paszkowski of Cracow - Duflon and Breguet - to the Neuchatel canton in Switzerland; from Wola Pszczolecka to Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Bleszynski, FISZER + Kosciuszko and Paszkowski + the Armands in Moscow {+ Inessa ARMAND, Lenin + DZIERZYNSKI FELIKS, Roman Pilar Pilchau, Artuzow Frautchi and Russia in 1937}; Fiszer {+ Kosciuszko + Mielzynski + Sulkowski close to LESZNO, general PASZKOWSKI and so on...} and Radolinski + Mielzynski - and back to von Ronne - Merkel - Bilewicz - Komorowski...]
- and here one more step and you will see a return to the genealogy of Merkel
[at http://konstantynowicz.info/Stanislaw_August_Poniatowski-Tadeusz_Kosciuszko-Franciszek_Paszkowski-Stanislaw_Fiszer-Tadeusz_Mostowski/index.html].
On the President Lech Kaczynski genealogy - see more below: Andrzej Olszowski was son of Marceli and Franciszka Kalinowska - she was born ca 1760 (before 1765 ?). Franciszka Kalinowska m. Olszewski / Olszowski in ca 1800.


Important note on Kalinowski - Walewski line:
Wojciech Walewski 1715 - 1757:
m. 1740 to Teresa Laszewska b. 1720, with children:
a. Rozalia Walewska b. 1740 m. Jakub Madalinski who was born ca 1735 ?;
b. Ludwik WALEWSKI 1754-1820 (Ludwik was owner of Parzymiechy in 1794 or 1797 from hands of Franciszek and Ignacy Poninski; also landowner of Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie from father, and Krzeslow [with Wola Pszczolecka], Kurow [see Kiedrzynski] and Kurówka bought in 1818)
m. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1760,

[Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 with children:

1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,

2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / Olszowski [see President Lech Kaczynski],

3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki,

4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Glogowski
[this is the genealogical connection to the Komorowski family and this means that also to the President Bronislaw Komorowski - see below my data on liaisons of Lithuanian and Galician branches of this count's family - also see: Wola Pszczółecka, Mielzynski, Kalinowski and Oginski - von Ronne and Bilewicz from Żmudź / Samaites],

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 + Ludwik Walewski [see Kiedrzynski, Fiszer, Wola Pszczolecka],

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska [see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski].
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791. Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810.
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. in 1784 or ca 1790 / 1795, d. 1831 or before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka 1800-1881 owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki born in 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów - d. 1844, owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow, who was son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska [Salomea ?].
Hortensja Karsnicka had 3 husbands:
1st m. to Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. 1784 / 1795 - died 1831 / before 1846; Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, was owner of Białokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karśnicka daughter of Antoni Karśnicki [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea (?) who was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Głogowska b. 1780;
2nd m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska [see above Julia],
3rd m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Son of above Hortensja: Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska.

The genealogy of Maria Kalinowska has to be proven, but it appears that the family was listed below:
her mother Emilia Potocka b. 1790 / 1791 and married Kalinowski and second time married to Czeliszczew; father Josif / Jozef / Osip Kalinowski b. after 1780 or 1790, died in 1825;
grandfather was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 and grandmother Elzbieta Bielska from Olbrachcice b. ca 1760.
The mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski and MARIA Trubecki [m. Konstantynowicz - see Kazan, Viljandi, St Petersburg and Tallinn - Nomme] was above countess Maria Kalinowska [St Petersburg and then lived since 1840 in Cracow] born after 1805 - ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski. M. Kalinowska (Maria) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of Seweryna Kalinowska, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!

Above countess Olga / Ольга Осиповна Калиновская born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus in 1844 and her son: Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818.

Note to the above named SOLTYK and PIASECKI:

Roman Sołtyk b. 1790 - d. 1843, was a Polish nobleman, political activist and general.
Born in Warsaw; Roman was son of Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, and Caroline / Karolina Sapieha. He served as an officer in the Duchy of Warsaw in 1809 as a company commander, a captain of horse artillery of the Duchy of Warsaw, issued his own expense, he took part in the war with Austria and took part in Napoleon's Russia Campaign. He was a member of secret independence organisations in the Congress Poland, like his father, he became a member of the underground Patriotic Society. In 1826 he was imprisoned, but released [see Union of Scythemen]. Linked to the conspiracy of Piotr Wysocki. In 1830, vice-president of the Patriotic Association. 1830 to 1831 he was MP; as Brigadier-General he participated in the November Uprising and he organized regular army and mobile national guard.
On his motion the Parliament dethroned Mikolaj Romanov / Nicolas I on January 25, 1831 as a Polish king.
After the capitulation he moved with the remnants of the Polish army in Plock, where he went on a diplomatic mission to France and England; then he went into exile in France. In 1834 sentenced by the Russian authorities to be hanged for his participation in the November Uprising; he was a member of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1819; active in the Polish political organizations in exile in France.
The daugther of above ROMAN and Css Pinińska was Konstancja married Michał Karnicki; she was mother of Roman Karnicki junior born 1868 [Roman junior m. Nina Falińska / Janina Falinska, born in Balta / Bałta in 1885, died in Roma, buried at Campo del Verano cementery] and Ludwika Anna Karnicka.
Named above Bałta / Балта / Józefgród, city in Ukraine on the river Kodyma, circuit Odessa. The city founded Józef Lubomirski.

Franciszek Maciej Stanisław / SOŁTYK Franciszek Salezy Maciej Stanisław (1783-1865), Senator, amateur violinist,
son of Józef Sołtyk 1750-1803

[Jozef was son of Maciej Sołtyk 1720-1780 who had children: mentioned above Jozef
{with sons: named above Franciszek Maciej Stanisław Sołtyk ca 1783-1865; Stanisław Sołtyk 1783-1872; Leon Kalikst Sołtyk b. 1791},
Maciej Kajetan 1750-1804, and mentioned above
Stanisław {MP 1830-31} 1752-1833 + 1st to Karolina Sapieha
{with children: above Roman Sołtyk 1790-1843 and Konstancja Lempicka 1794-1836}
+ 2nd to Agnieszka Komorowska born before 1750,
maybe grand-daughter of (?) Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670 (Michal was father of Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski; Zofia Teresa Aniela; Teresa Bekierska; Konstancja Kobylnicka; Jan Komorowski; Magdalena; Agnieszka + Andrzej Orłowski; Salomea; Anna Kurowicka; Mikołaj Komorowski and Krystyna Pągowska)]

and Józefa Urbańska (wife of above Józef Sołtyk 1750-1803 who married also to Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750).

SOŁTYK Franciszek Salezy Maciej Stanisław (1783-1865), was a frequent visitor to Gościeradów, home of Eligius Prażmowski an excellent violinist. His daughter, Melanie, was the wife of above Franciszek Salezy Maciej Stanisław; he inherited his father's estates Piastow (in 1812), Wsola, Klwaty; was a Member of Parliament;
he supported the request of his cousin, Roman Sołtyk, on the dethroned of Mikolaj Romanov / Nicolas I on January 25, 1831 as a Polish king; he made in 1831 a request for a new election.
He was married twice; 1st Melania Prażmowska [daughter of Eligiusz Prażmowski]; 2nd to Józefa nee Kołdowski d. 1860, with son Marceli and daughters Symforjanna married Zenon Krasuski (d. 1857), and Laura m. Karol Gordon de Huntley, owner of Lisow.

Above Marceli (1816 - 1896) was the owner of above Piastow (1860 - 1877), Wsola and Klwatów, and he bought from Roman Sołtyk - Chlewiska and Wrzązgowo, and Wysokie in the Lublin prov.; at the end of his life he settled in Cracow, financially supported the units of Chelm.
Above Franciszek Maciej Stanisław Sołtyk 1783-1865, had daughter above named Laura 1815-1897 m. Karol Huntley-Gordon de Huntley senior, with sons:
Karol Huntley-Gordon de Huntley junior 1840-1883, and Franciszek Huntley-Gordon de Huntley 1842-1921.
Above Karol Huntley-Gordon de Huntley senior was son of Franciszek Salezy Antoni Gordon, Major of the Polish Army, b. 1756 in Cracow - d. 1821.

Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki:
above Józef Sołtyk b. ca 1750, died in 1803, came from Mikita (Mikołaj) Sołtyk. His grandfather - Józef Franciszek Sołtyk d. 1735, and father - Maciej Sołtyk d. 1780. Józef Sołtyk d. 1803, was brother of Maciej Kajetan, and of Stanisław SOLTYK - senator and Marshal of the Parliament of the Warsaw Duchy.
Above Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz]. Józef Sołtyk in 1787 stayed in Kurozwęki at the cousin's [of his father Maciej] home, and here welcomed King Stanislaus Augustus PONIATOWSKI [see Walewski in Volhynia]. Member of Parliament of the Cracow province in 1790; Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833 - was one of the most active in the preparation of the Constitution in 1791. In 1794, on a secret mission from Kosciuszko to the Viennese court, interned by the Austrians; 1795 in exile, he played a leading role, and was one of the first initiators of the Italian's legions, was imprisoned several times by the Prussians and the Austrians; and Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833, in 1802 was (along with Tadeusz Czacki) the initiator of the Commercial Association, for export of grain through the Black Sea [see HORODYSKI, Szaniawski]. The president of the Central Committee of the Patriotic Society. 1826-1829, a state prisoner, chaired the 1829 conspiracy; after the outbreak of the November Uprising, Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833 was honored as the patriarch of the struggle for freedom. Józef Sołtyk d. 1803 was 2nd married to Józefa Urbańska with two sons: Franciszek Maciej Stanisław, and Leon Kalikst, and daughter Barbara Matylda. With the 1st wife Kalinowska, Jozef had 3 daughters: Joanna, Maryanna and Judyta. Above named Tomasz Piasecki b. ca 1770 [??], m. ca 1790 to Justyna Kalinowska 1750-1809 daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski, with daughter born 1797 [mother ?].

Mentioned above
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 (ca 1730 !?) + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of
Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan)].

Mentioned above Ludwik WALEWSKI 1754-1820 and Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1760 [maybe after 1760] had sons:
1. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 m. Maria Radolinska
with children:
Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, and Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857;
2. Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802 - 1835 (landowner of Pstrokonie / Pstrykonie, Wozniki, Swierzyn(a), Gorzuchy, Lisy) m. to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832/1833 (daughter of Florian Kreski and Antonina Karsnicki),
with children:
1. Ludwik Mieczyslaw Walewski b. 1830 in Maslowice (owner of Pstrokonie, Paprotnia) had daughter Adela,
2. Antonina Floriana Salomea b. 1831 in Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, d. 1860 m. in 1850, to Boleslaw Kobierzycki of Kalinowa, son of Lukasz and Faustyna nee Wezyk.


In conclusion of this page we have three frames with text. In the first of these frames, I present information spanning the southern Great Poland to Żmudź / Samaites and Courland [south Latvia].

Below are some very general information:
Kurmen / Kurmene is situated in south Latvia - as Kurmene; near the Lithuanien border, north of Birzai / Birze. The Komorowski family was landowner of KURMENE.
Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723, d. 1800, was son of Bartłomiej Komorowski; he was father of Jan Bonifacy Komorowski, PIOTR I, and Stanisław Andrzej Komorowski; was brother of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka [Pilsudski family]!

See below on the KALINOWSKI family + the KOMOROWSKI family:

Franciszek Komorowski Count, 1723- died in 1800 in Szirwyty or Szenta, come from Teresa Oziemblowski and Bartłomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758.

Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska in Galicia
[he was son of Ludwika Grabinska and Jozef Jablonowski of Galicia, who married 1st Tekla Strutynska, 2nd to Ludwika Grabinska daughter of Jozef Grabinski officer in Smolensk],
married to Lucya Glogowska daughter of Franciszek Glogowski Grzymala and Jozefa Kalinowska
[Jozefa was 2nd m. to Jan Karol baron de Wrazny SADLO].
Jozefa Kalinowska was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski of Lelow, owner of Kamionka, Suchary and Dziatkowice + Justyna Borzecka {above Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Głogowski; Jozefa was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzęcka b. ca 1720}.
Above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska, had 2 sons: Ludwik Grzymala Jablonowski, m. Hortenzya Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski
{Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790 + Hortensja Karśnicka. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elżbieta Bielska had son Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790. Seweryn Ksawery was brother of Józefa Kalinowska + Jan Sadel Sadlo + Głogowski; and of Antonina Kalinowska + Ludwik Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka); Seweryn Ksawery was son of Ignacy Kalinowski + Justyna Borzęcka, and grandson of Józef Jan Kalinowski b. ca 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckorońska b. ca 1660}.
Hortensja [nee Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski] was daughter of Antoni Karsnicki.
The 2nd son of above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski was Stanislaw Jozef Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski owner of Rawa Ruska, m. Jozefa Bakawska daughter of Jan Wincenty Count Bakowski and Kunegunda KOMOROWSKA Css
[above Jozefa Bakawska had sister Henryka + Roman KARNICKI; and brother Ferdynand Bakowski m. Antonina Komorowska Css with the Korczak coat of arms].
Above named Ferdynand Jaksa-Bakowski 1800-1853 was son of above Jan Wincenty Jaksa-Bakowski 1770-1828 and Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770; above Ferdynand m. ca 1830 to Antonina Józefa Komorowska 1812-1891, daughter of Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski 1769-1826 and Konstancja Kunegunda Siestrzanek-Karnicka b. 1787.

Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770 was daughter of Józef Joachim Komorowski [older son of Jozef: Józef Wincenty - MP in 1788, 1765-1809] 1735-1800 and Helena Aniela Konkordia Milewska 1741-1814;
and granddaughter of Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760; and
great-granddaughter of Jan Komorowski of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska [Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Above Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Józef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1670, and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719, and grandsons -
Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski [Stefan was father of Barbara Zofia Dąmbska and Jan Komorowski];
Adam Ignacy Komorowski [-];
Ignacy Komorowski [with son Józef Joachim Komorowski ca 1735 - 1800] and
Piotr Komorowski [father of Konstancja Magdalena Popiel and Michał Komorowski with son Cyprian Kajetan Komorowski b. 1776, d. 1858 in L'viv].

Note: Teresa Oziemblowski m. Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758
[Bartlomiej had son Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723 in South Moravia; - see President Bronislaw Komorowski; and daughter Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Pilsudska !]
who was son of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1680 and Zofia Polanska;
and grandson of Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660.


Compare the lines in the genealogy of the Komorowski family:

Above mentioned Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Józef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670, and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].
Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.
Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska [Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].
Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka; they had all 4 sons: above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski; above named Ignacy Komorowski; Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice; and Piotr d. 1747.

Representatives of the Lithuanian Komorowski branch received on December 1, 1892 the title of the count by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Austria-Hungary.
They were descendants of Francis Anthony / Franciszek Antoni Komorowski (1723-1800):
that is 4 brothers - Stanislaw Franciszek Wincenty (1862 / 1863 - 1920), Stefan Karol (1866-1894), Czeslaw August (1867-1913) and Wiktor Emil (1870-?), who were sons of August Piotr (1817-1905); Leon Wilhelm (1849-1900), son of Wiktor Tomasz (1821-1887); 3 brothers - Piotr Anton (1862-1920), Jaroslaw Jan Narcyz (1865-1919) and Szymon Stanislaw Cyryl (1869-1907), the sons of Antoni Jerzy August (1833-1881); 3 brothers - Zygmunt Leopold Piotr (1865-1920) {Zygmunt and above Francis Anthony (1723-1800) were ancestors of Bronislaw Komorowski in a straight line}, Witold Stanislaw Adam (1875-?) and Antoni August Samuel (1873-1910), sons of Piotr (1838-1905); 3 brothers - Adam Stanislaw Hieronim (1873-1923), Józef Wiktor Onufry (1876-1947) and Henryk Onufry Seweryn (1875-1922), all sons of Jan Leopold Antoni (1833-1904?).

Franciszek Komorowski b. 1723 was Antoni's grandfather.
Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajūralis, close to Šilalė, and died in 1791 in Šilalė, the Tauragė County, Lithuania.
Franciszek was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below} - she was mother of Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz.

Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times with children:
1. above named Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia - see brief note below!];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija.

Zofia Pilar von Pilchau (nee Januszewska) born 1836, was wife of Stanisław Pilar von Pilchau, Count
{with sons: Henryk Andrzej and Adolf Pilar Pilchau + Helena Joanna Krzywiec and grandson ROMAN = Romuald Roman Pilar von Pilchau b. 1895 - see great play of Soviet intelligence services 1917-1937}.
Ignacy Januszewski, 1804 - 1875 was father [4 children] of
Emilia Zawadzka [Emilia Krzywiec Zawadzka born Januszewska] born 1834;

Helena Dzierżyńska
{Helena nee Januszewska was mother of FELIKS Dzierzynski - see great play of Soviet intelligence services 1917-1937}

and above named
Zofia Pilar von Pilchau [see Parnu / Parnawa and Jerzy Konstantynowicz].

Ignacy Januszewski was son of Szymon Januszewski and Anna Billewicz.

Ignacy married Kazimiera nee Górska b. in 1806.
Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau born 10.2.1802, d. 1871, had sister Sophia / Zofia Pilar von Pilchau; his father was born in 1769 -
Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau
- in Lida, Vilna province in Poland, after Major of the Russian army.
Aleksander's son - Stanisław Count Pilar von Pilchau owner of Mickuny close to Nowa Wilejka, polonised, but from the Baltic German from Estland and Latvia, married to mentioned above Zofia Pilar von Pilchau (nee Januszewska) / Zofia Januszewska / Zofia Januszewski born 1836. She was daughter - I wrote down above - of Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera born 1806.
Zofia died on 28 Jan 1898, Wilno; her son [Adolf Aleksander Pilar Pilchau = Adolf !] Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny, next of kin of Feliks Dzierżyński [that is Adolf Pilar Pilchau + Helena Joanna Krzywiec with son above named Romuald].
Helena Joanna Krzywiec born 1864, died on 8 Aug. 1955 in Mickuny; her son was Roman Pilar von Pilchau or Romuald, b. 1894, d. 1937 [see Soviet military intelligence].


Aldona nee Dzierzynski was living in the Bobruisk district [see HLUSK and von Mohrenschildt], near by Ryszard Edward Wincenty Dzierżyński b. 1817, who was brother of Edmund Dzierzynski b. 1829 or (date of birth is mistake maybe) Эдмунд Руфин Иосифович Дзержинский / Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski, b. on 15 May 1838, died in 1882 (he was born in Oszmiany / Oshmiany / Ошмяны, the Wilno government / Виленская губ.; died in 1872 ?).
Aldona - whose son was adjutant of Jozef Pilsudski!
Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski was father of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI.
Above named EDMUND b. 1829, in Dzierżynowo, d. 1872, m. HELENA JANUSZEWSKA, daughter of above named JANUSZEWSKI and KAZIMIERA JANUSZEWSKA [see Ignacy Januszewski 1804-1875, and Kazimiera Gorecka b. 1806, died 1897. See PILAR von PILCHAU !].
Children of EDMUND and HELENA JANUSZEWSKA are:
WITOLD b. 1867;
ALDONA b. 1869, Kojdanów (Dzierżynowo) d. 1966;
JADWIGA b. 1871, Kojdanów, d. 1949 m. KUSZELEWSKI;
and KAZIMIERZ b. 1875, Dzierżynowo, d. 1943 in Dzierżynowo, m. LUCY SCHIATTI (Kazimierz Dzerzhinsky joined the Academy of Veterinary in Dorpat / Tartu, now Estonia. He came therefore to Dzierżynow, and to Warsaw at the Technical School of Wawelberg and Rotwand. He lived in lodgings with Witold Rutkowski, but he was arrested and then he went to Germany, in Frankfurt am Main, then moved to Karlsruhe. Rented apartment with a family of Italian origin - Schiotti. He fell in love with the daughter of the owners Lucy Schiotti / LUCY SCHIATTI and married);
FELIKS d. 1926, Moskwa;
IGNACY b. 1879, Dzierżynowo d. 1953;
and the last - WLADYSLAW b. 1881, Stołpce, d. 1942, Zgierz.

Romuald Ludwig Pilar von Pilchau / Пилляр Роман Александрович / Роман Людвиг Пилар фон Пильхау / Ромуальдас-Людвикас Адольфович Пилляр фон Пильхау, or Roman Pilar von Pilchau / Roman Pilljar / Romuald Pilar von Pilchau / Romuald Ludwig von Pilar Pilchau, was born 1894 in Mickuny close to Wilno / Vilnius.

Zofia Januszewski, married to Stanislaus Pilar of Mickuny [born ca 1830] that is Stanislaw Pilar Pilchau - was the father of Alexander Pilar Pilchau junior [Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny], the grandfather of above Roman Pilar Pilchau or Romuald Pilar von Pilchau.

Above Zofia Januszewski that is Zofija Pilar von Pilchau died January 28, 1898 - she was sister of Januszewski Dzerzhinsky Helena, mother of Felix Dzerzhinsky, who died in 1896.

Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau senior, d. 1871 that was Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802; Alexander von Pilar Pilchau senior, was the Judge of the district of Vilnius, born 1802, in Wilno / Вильнюс, was married to Ионна Станиславовна Кульвинска / Joanna nee Kulwinska daughter of Stanislaw Kulwinski.
Alexander von Pilar Pilchau's [senior] mother was Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю married to Магнус or Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау born 1768.
His grandfather was Магнус Вильгельм Пилар фон Пильхау born 1734, married 1756 in Tallinn / Ревель, to Катарина Хелена фон Таузас. Place of living: Халлик and Йоггис; Hagar / Hallik in Tamsalu, Estonia, county of Laane-Viru, south-west of Rakvere - eastern Eesti.

Above mentioned Aldona Dzerzhinskaja - at first marriage Bulhak, second Koyallovich / Kojallowicz.

Gedymin Jerzy Bulhak b. 1856, m. 1892 to Aldona Dzierzynski, he died 1908, lived in Mickiewicze. His grandfather Chryzostom Stanislaw Bulhak b. 1789, m. to Antonina Bulhak, estates: Ostrówek, Burdziewicze, Kozlowicze, Nowy Dwor close to Jelnica and Szabany, south-east of Minsk or Nowy Dwor close to Sluck!? His mother Franciszka Lowicki and father Jerzy Onufry Bulhak, b. 1749; grandfather: Florian Stanislaw Bulhak.

In Vilna / Wilno, Feliks Dzierzynski studied until 1896; Feliks Dzierzynski lived with his grandmother Казимира Янушевская / Kazimiera Januszewska [see PILAR von PILCHAU !].


Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times with children:
1. Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720, in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija.

And we back to the PILSUDSKIS:

Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Piłsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)
[with son - above named Franciszek Piłsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons - see OGINSKI !}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + above Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707} and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Piłsudski + Helena Strutyńska; and great-grandson Stanisław Piłsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyć]
was brother of Roch Piłsudski b. ca 1680 + Małgorzata Pancerzyńska who had son
Kazimierz Ludwik Piłsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Dss Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

Mentioned above
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski, b. ca 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska; oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka was died !; next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski; sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie.
Anna Pilsudska Bilewicz b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837 [see Bilewicz in Pawlowice of the MIELZYNSKIS].

Above Anna nee Billewicz Piłsudska (1761 - 1837), great-grandmother of Józef Piłsudski. Her father was Walerian Billewicz. Anna had 5 children:
Piotr Paweł (1794 - 1851) + Teodora Urszula Butler - grandfather of Józef Piłsudski;
Walery (1796 - 1877) + Aniela nee Piłsudska (died in 1844);
Jerzy Jegor (1799 - 1816 / 1820) - officer of the Russian Army;
Józef;
Teresa.

Anna Piłsudska b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837.

Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902 was son of Piotr Kazimierz Wincenty 1795-1851 + Teodora BUTLER 1811-1886 [or Piotr Paweł (1794 - 1851) + Teodora Urszula Butler];
grandson of KAZIMIERZ ca 1750-ca 1820 + ANNA BILLEWICZ 1761-1837;
great-grandson of Kazimierz Ludwik Pilsudski + 2nd wife ROZALIA PUZYNA Dss;
great-great-grandson of ROCH MIKOLAJ Pilsudski b. ca 1680 [? died 1715] + Malgorzata PANCERZYNSKA.

Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Piłsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)
[with son Franciszek Piłsudski who married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons - see MIELZYNSKI, MERKEL, SUCHOCKA}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + above Franciszek Piłsudzki / Pilsudski b. 1707} and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Piłsudski + Helena Strutyńska; and great-grandson Stanisław Piłsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyć]
was brother of named above ROCH MIKOLAJ Pilsudski / Roch Piłsudski b. ca 1680 + above Małgorzata Pancerzyńska who had son Kazimierz Ludwik Piłsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

Above Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902, + Maria Billewicz 1842-1884 has 12 children, among others
Helena Pilsudski b. 1864 d. 1917,
Zofia Kadenacy b. 1865, d. 1935 + Boleslaw Kadenacy,
Bronislaw Pilsudski [see Japan, Sieroszewski, Azbelev, Duflon...],
MARSHAL Józef Pilsudski 1867-1935,
Adam Pilsudski b. 1869,
Kazimierz Pilsudski,
and Maria nee Pilsudska, Juchniewiczowa / Juchniewicz b. 1873, d. 1921 + Cezary Juchniewicz.

Antoni Jerzy Bułhak / Antoni Bułhak b. 1898 in Zawoloczyce, married to Wanda Bułhak nee Juchniewicz daughter of above Cezary Juchniewicz and Maria Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska, b. 1873 (d. 1921, her mother Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz). She was daughter of above named Józef Wincenty Piotr Piłsudski, b. 1833; and her brother was mentioned Józef Klemens Piłsudski b. 1867.
Above Antoni Jerzy Bulhak was son of Aldona Kojałłowicz (Bułhak) Dzierzynska b. 1870 [sister of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI b. 1877 in Oziemblowo] + Gedymin Jerzy Bułhak 1856-1908;
grandson of Edmund Rufin Dzierżyński and Helena JANUSZEWSKA b. 1849 d. 1896 [daughter of Ignacy Januszewski and Kazimiera GORECKA. HELENA was sister of ZOFIA 1836-1920 married Stanisław Pilar von Pilchau], and also Aniela Ostromęcka + Rudolf Jerzy Bułhak born 1824.

MARSHAL Józef Pilsudski / Jozef Klemens Pilsudski + Aleksandra Szczerbinska has daughter Jadwiga Jagoda Pilsudska with her husband Andrzej Jaraczewski has daughter Joanna Jaraczewska, married to Janusz Onyszkiewicz / Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz born 1937. Zofia Kadenacy nee Piłsudski, b. 1865 was sister of Józef Klemens Piłsudski; her husband Bolesław Kadenacy (1845 - 1918).
The Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party, the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district and the Polish Military Organization conducted a contraband of weapon from Russia to Austria - Hungary at the beginning of the 20th century keeping in touch with Josef Pilsudski (b. 1867) and that track went out from Petersburg, among others across Miezonka and Lodz (the Tuvim street) in the direction to Galicia; a family of Andrzejak from Lodz involved in this activity occupied quarters in Miezonka and Moscow all over the first World War and thus they became technolators of aviation and the basis of the amateurish movement of aviation sports in Lodz (besides Henryk, Stefan and Wladyslaw Chlebowski - as early as 1910 in Paris and 1911 in Lodz - and also Zygmunt Dekler acted as air experts in Lodz before the First world war) after 1920.


Let's try the first contain and collect some genealogical facts to the Bilewicz / Billewicz family:

A.
Szymon Januszewski married to Anna Billewicz b. ca 1780?

B.
Stefan Karl Baron Rönne, in 1752 owned the manor of Gielgudyszki Wysolde / Gelgaudiskis by the river Memel, sold to his son-in-law Franciszek Pilsudski (1713-1791), head of administration of Wieszwiagny.
Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Pilsudski (b. ca 1685 + Ludwika Urszula Billewicz)
[with son above named Franciszek Pilsudski + 2nd wife Joanna Rehno + 1st wife Marcjanella Komorowska and grandson Jan Chryzostom Pilsudski + Helena Strutynska; and great-grandson Stanislaw Pilsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyc]
was brother of Roch Pilsudski b. ca 1680 + Malgorzata Pancerzynska {see Marshal Jozef Pilsudski}.
C.
Bartlomiej Komorowski {see President Bronislaw Komorowski} was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707 or 1713 [Pilsudski] in Pajuralis, close to Šilale, and died in 1791.
Franciszek Pilsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of above Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707}.
D.
Ernst von Rönne was born ca 1645 and lived and died in 1699 in Smolensk, was married ca 1670 to
HELENA BILLEWICZ / Elena Bilevicikute, born 1650 with sons:
1. Krzysztof / Christoph b. ca 1673, d. 1723, Major General;
2. Theodor born ca 1675;
3. Stefan Karl b. ca 1678, died in 1753, in 1714 Polish Colonel and owner of the Manor of Kupiszki in the Rosienie / Rossienie caunty, head of the administration of Telsze and Uwenty.
His son Nikolai build in 1786 a Catholic Church in Renavas. He is the 1st owner of Renavas / Rennow [see MIELZYNSKI of Krotszyn].
E.
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski, b. ca 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska; oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka was died !; next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski; sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie. Anna Pilsudska Bilewicz b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837 [see Bilewicz in Pawlowice of the MIELZYNSKIS].
F.
Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902, married to Maria Billewicz with 12 children {see Marshal Jozef Pilsudski family}.

We back to ANGELA MERKEL:
the parents of Anna Kazmierczak who was the great-grandmother of ANGELA MERKEL - the German chancellor (Aniela nee Kazmierczak - Merkel), were:
Bartlomiej Kazmierczak and Apolonia BILEWICZ or Bielejewicz, m. in 1854 in Pawlowice, the Mielzynski estate.
Now on the genealogy of Aleksander Bielewicz / Bielejewicz / Bilejewicz [BILEWICZ !], born ca 1760 {in Lithuania ?}, and a little bit of research to the ancestors of the Chancellor Angela Merkel:
Anna Katarzyna Kazmierczak / Kazimierczak / Anna Katharina Kazmierczak, married on 19 July 1877 in Kunowo, was daughter of Bartholomäus Kazmierczak and Apolonia Bilewicz that is Bartholomew Kazmierczak and Apolonia Bilewicz [Bielewicz / Bielejewicz / Bilejewicz].

The Billewicz / Bielewicz / Bilewicz family come from Zmudz;
see:
A.
Ca 1645 was born Ernst von Rönne who lived and died in 1699 in Smolensk, was married ca 1670 to HELENA BILLEWICZ / Elena Bilevicikute, born 1650 with sons:
1. Krzysztof / Christoph b. ca 1673, d. 1723, Major General;
2. Theodor born ca 1675;
3. Stefan Karl b. ca 1678, died in 1753, in 1714 Polish Colonel and owner of the Manor of Kupiszki in the Rosienie / Rossienie caunty, head of the administration of Telsze and Uwenty.
His son Nikolai build in 1786 a Catholic Church in Renavas. He is the 1st owner of Renavas / Rennow [see MIELZYNSKI of Krotszyn].

B.
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski, b. ca 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, and married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska; oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka died !; next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski; sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie.

Kazimierz Pilsudski, of the Rosienie county, d. ca 1820, left son Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1795 in Zemigoly.
And of course back again to Angela Merkel's ancestry thus two hundred years ago her family were peasants [workers of the administration of that property] in an estate by General Stanislaw Kostka Mielżyński Count, in Pawlowice close to Leszno; in Baszkow, and Perzyce near Krotoszyn.
His great-granddaughter, Felicia nee Mielżyńska married to Władysław Blociszewski, and was grandmother of Lukasz Gajewski - husband of Elzbieta Suchocka - her sister Hanna SUCHOCKA was the first woman as Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland.

The Bilewicz / Billewicz family lived in Teneniai, Lithuania, 50 km south-east of Gargzdai [see von RONNE and Mielzynski];
Tenenie / Teneniai, 22 km west of Taurogi, here Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz was born in 1842 [Adamowo / Adomavas near Teneniai], she was mother of Józef Piłsudski;
Maria was the daughter of Antoni Billewicz and Helena Michałowski; her brother was father of Joanna Narutowicz; her sister Zofia Zubow nee Billewicz [see Walewski]; above MARIA in 1863 in Teneniai married to Józef Wincenty Piłsudski with 12 children - private teacher was from Switzerland; Maria Piłsudska d. 1884 in Suginty; Suginty / Suginčiai - close to UTENA {Lithuania}.

The great-great-grandmother of the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, that is Apolonia Kaźmierczak nee Bilewicz [already mentioned above], was born in 1826 close to Krotoszyn!
Mielżyński had the property near this city.
Above Apolonia Bielejewicz died 1903; was daughter of Aleksander Bielejewicz, Jr.
[come from Aleksander Bielejewicz, Sr. / Bilewicz / Bielewicz / Bilejewicz, b. ca 1760 probably in Żmudź / Samogitia / Žemaitėjė / Žemaitija, and he lived in the Pawłowice estate near Leszno, owned by von Maximilian Graf Mielżyński]
and Franciszka Sypkoska b. ca 1790; Apolonia Bielejewicz was wife of Bartłomiej Kaźmierczak and was mother of Philipp Kaźmierczak and Anna Rychlicka [see Angela Merkel].

Important note:
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński and Aniela Helena born von Rönne [see Gorżdy / Gorzdy / Gargzdai / Gargždai. Please remember about two individuals with similar first names: Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński 1840-1891 who married to Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911, and Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1778 - died in 1826 in Pawlowice, the Pszczyna County, who was husband of Prowidencja Honorata ZAREMBA].
Stanisław was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN [see Angela Merkel]; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor / Gorżdy, Lithuania now {ex-border to East Prussia}.
Felix II / Feliksas von Rönne, born ca 1797 - died in 1857, was owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai; that is Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 [or 1797] or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix {1st} Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargsdai; Feliks 2nd married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka.
When Felix von Rönne died, his daughter, above named Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei {see Krotoszyn, Baszkow and Bilewicz - Angela Merkel} taken the estate land with Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor, then son of Baron - Eugenijus Ronne.
Retów / Rietavas of the Oginskis {the most important family in Belarus when it comes to Polish independence conspiracies}, is situated 25 km south of Plunge of the Oginskis, and east of Gargzdai {von Ronne}, ca 40 km.

Above mentioned Aniela / Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne / Aniele (Anele Elena Amelija) b. 1832, d. 1911, married in 1868 to Stanislaw Count Mielzynski / Count Melzinski / MIELZYNSKI, the last heir of Renavas [he was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN]; she was daughter of Felix Baron Rönne.
Their son Felix Count Melzinski / Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910 was the heir of manor Renavas, too.
Renavas - 50 km east-north-north of PLUNGE.
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński 2nd, b. 1840, who come from Mikołaj Gorgoni Mielżyński 1780 - 1842, who was the branch of Andrzej Mielżyński 1698 - 1771.

Feliks Filip von RONNE [Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 or 1797 that is Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix {1st} Baron Rönne] was brother of Antoni von Rönne; MARIA TEKLA OGINSKA / Marija Teklė Oginskienė; Ludwika von Rönne and Teodora Ogińska.
Above Feliks Filip was father of Eugeniusz von Rönne and above named Aniela Helena Mielżyńska of BASZKOW close to Krotoszyn.
Aniela Helena Mielzynska / Miełżyńska (born von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons) was born 1832, in Gorżdy
[Garsden / Gargždai - at first owned by the Oginski family - then 1781 to Otton Henryk Igielstrom; here died Gabryela nee Oginska, 1v. Edward Krasicki, 2v. Eugeniusz Ronne, she was b. 1830, d. 1912 / 1919 Gorzdy / Gargzdai].
The owner of the Gargždai estate from 1875 to 1895 was above mentioned Baron Eugenijus Rönne, and then his widow Gabryela nee Oginska / Gabriele until 1912, that is Felix II Baron Rönne (b. ca. 1797), and his son Eugenijus / Eugene Baron Rönne (1830 - 1895), then to Eugene's wife Gabriela Princess Oginska, and Eugene's sister, Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne - Mielzynska of Krotoszyn.

And we back to the PILSUDSKIS:
Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Piłsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)
[with son - above named
Franciszek Piłsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707}
and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Piłsudski + Helena Strutyńska; and great-grandson Stanisław Piłsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyć]
was brother of Roch Piłsudski b. ca 1680 + Małgorzata Pancerzyńska who had son
Kazimierz Ludwik Piłsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

And again to Stefan von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE who had children:
1. Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski {see above};
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton Ronne b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married: 1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute, 2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija {that is Mikalojus Renė / Nicolaus Ronne / Nikolaus von Rönne / Mikołaj von Rönne b. ca 1720 / 1740 + Aniela Piłsudska b. 1740 or 1750}.
Children of the 2nd wedding:
Felix I - b. ca 1770 [?? I am thinking he was born before 1760] and
Maria - born ca 1760 or 1750.

Above Felix I Baron Rönne, Lieutenant Colonel, owner of Manor in Swiatoszyn by the Memel River in Lithuania and of Renavas / Renowo, in 1781 - Major of the Polish King court and 1792 was the Polish Chamberlain, awarded in [before ?] 1799 with the title of Baron from Polish King. His wife Antonina Gielgud [see below], was daughter of Castellan of Samoigiten, Antoni and Barbara Judycka, with 5 children named the baron-title:
1. Anton / Antanas, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas;
2. Felix II / Feliksas, born ca 1797 or 1800 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai {see Mielzynski of Baszkow};
3. Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Ogiński born Rönne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis {see Michal Kleofas Oginski and Polish underground conspiracy for independence} with daughter Gabrielė Marija Renė Oginskaitė 1830 - 1912 of Gargždai {see Mielzynski} who married to Edward Józef Krasicki and Eugeniusz von Rönne.

Witold Krasicki born 1822, d. 1886, was son of Leon KRASICKI
[Leon born in Worokomle, died 1859 in Hlusza, was son of Karl / KAROL Krasicki + Julie Plater; grandson of Stanislaus Krasicki + unknown Polileto]
of Hluszcza / Hlusza and his second wife Antonina Sarah Saunders / Sara Saunders; 1st wife was Michaline Sutkowska.
Witold b. 1822 was the owner of Worokomle / Wrokomla, married Theresa Miaczynska / Teresa Mirczynska daughter of Atanazy and Helana Ledóchowska;
brothers of above Witold:
1. Waclaw [Wenzel Krasicki b. 1823 m. Helena Oskierko] owner of Samojlowicze, m. Oskierko [Waclaw Krasicki b. 1823 in Worokomle, died in 1897 in Samojlowicze].
2. Edward [Eduard-Josef Krasicki b. 1831 + Gabriela Oginska] owner of Hlusza in Wolyn; widow after him - Gabryela Oginska was the daughter of Tadeusz and Maryia Ronne / Maria von Ronne.
Above Edward Józef Krasicki 1831-1877 + Gabriela Maria Oginska 1830-1912 [1911] had son Leon Wilhelm Marian Krasicki 1856-1866.
Daughters [of Witold Krasicki]:
1) Michalina m. in 1880 to Stanislaw Teofil Michalowski, landowner of Mokrany in Wolyn [or Marie Michaele Krasicki b. 1870];
2) Mairya [see above Michalina ?].
3) Kazimiera.
Or Helene Krasicki b. 1862 + Marcel Mikulicz-Radecki;
Martha Krasicki b. 1864 + Manswet Ciemniewski;
Marie Michaele Krasicki b. 1870;
Iza Krasicki + Stephan Orda;
Wenzel Krasicki b. 1861 + Eleonore Pietraszewska;
Stanislaus Krasicki b. 1863 + Katharina Ronikier;
Johann Josaphat Ladislaus Krasicki b. 1865 + Maria Nitoslawska; and last
Ignaz / Ignacy Krasicki b. 1871 + Maria Lach-Szyrma.
3. last brother of above Witold Krasicki son of Leon KRASICKI was Michal officer in Krzemieniec.

Above Antonina Sarah Saunders, 1808–1853, was daughter of Osip (Joseph) Sanders / Józef SAUNDERS born 1773 in England - d. 1845 [since 1794 in St Petersburg, 1810 in Wilno, d. in Krzemieniec] and Antonina Zofia Reichel b. 1780. Joseph / Józef SAUNDERS, painter, graphic artist and engraver on copper of English origin. He was father of Andrew Sanders [see below]. Sanders moved to Vilna in 1810 and became a professor of engraving at the Vilnius University, the first in Russia and one of the first in Europe.
Engraved a local landscapes and portraits of local figures in collaboration with Jan Rustem [see Oziemblowski, Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Smokowski, and Konstantynowicz] and Jan DAMEL.
He collaborated with Szymon Czechowicz, preparing the publication of the album of his works; in 1818 he went to rest and treatment in Italy, leaving the family in Vilna; he lived in Florence and then in Odessa [!], briefly returned to Vilna, where in 1825 officially retired. Last he came to Vilna in 1839; but lived also in the Volyn region [see Krasicki].
His son was Andrei Wilhelm Sanders / Andrei Osipovich Sanders / William Andrew Sanders / William Henry Saunders who died in 1838 in Vilna / Vilnius; Russian military 1819-1828 and translator of English; adjutant under General P. K. Suhtelene; in 1826 promoted to colonel, he has published two books of poetry translated into English - published in 1826 in London.

Above named Gabriele / Gabriela Krasicka - von Ronne was half-sister to Ludwika Teodora Eleonora Plater-Zyberk - Borewicz b. 1814;
4. Ludowika (Liudvika) b. ca 1805, unmarried;
5. Theodora (Teodora) b. ca 1807, married to KSAWERY OGINSKI.
Above Anton Baron Rönne b. ca 1795, was son of [Feliksas Renė b. ca 1770 [?] + Antonina Giełgud] Felix Baron Rönne and Antonina Gielgud / Antonia Gelgaudaite, in 1869 was owner of Renava / Renowo in the Zemaitija county, married 2 times: 1st to PRZECISLEWSKA / Psecislevska, 2nd m. Olympia Gorski. His children:
1. Pelagia (1818 - ?);
2. Olimpia (1829-1861), married FELIKS OGINSKI / Felix Prince Oginskis (1830-1880), son of Ksawery Oginski.

Named above Renavas / Renowo, Rennow, owned by above named Maria Baroness Rönne, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite; Maria b. 1804, d. 1897 m. 1st to Michal BOREWICZ / Michael Prince Borevicius, Judge, d. 1814 with children: Nikolaus, Ludvikia, Teodora, and
m. 2nd to Tadeus Prince Oginski (1798-1844)
with children: Nastasia, Gabriela, Angela.

Above Theodora Baroness Rönne, b. ca 1807, married Ksaveras Prince Oginski. Their son was Feliks Oginski / Feliksas Prince Oginski 1830 - 1880 who married with Olimpija Baroness Rönne, Anton's daughter.
Above Feliks Filip von Rönne [see above] b. ca 1797 / 1800 or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargsdai; married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka; children from the 1st wife:
1.
Eugene Carl Anton Theophil b. 1830 in Gargsdai / Gargzdu, nearby Klaipeda [died 1895 in Berlin, married Gabriela Princess Oginska (1830-1912), he was Polish poet !];
2.
Aniela / Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne / Aniele (Anele Elena Amelija) b. 1832 m. Count Melzinski / MIELZYNSKI, the last heir of Renavas, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne, 1832-1911, married in 1868 to Stanislaw Count Mielzynski. Their son Felix Count Melzinski was the heir of manor Renavas, too. Renavas - 50 km east-north-north of PLUNGE. Above ANIELA von Ronne Mielzynska was half sister of Kazimierz Anastazy Karol Lubomirski [+ Zenaida Holynski daughter of Michal Holynski of the Mscislau province - see Konstantynowicz] and Władysław Lubomirski.


The note on the President LECH KACZYNSKI genealogy and at margin about the Psarski family:

Generation 1:
Lech Kaczyński / Lech Aleksander Kaczyński b. 1949, died on 10 April 2010 in Smoleńsk, was the President of Poland in 2005 until 2010; m. Maria Mackiewicz. He was son of Rajmund Irka Kaczyński born on September 1, 1922; grandson of Aleksander Kaczyński born ca 1890 [from Piotr Kaczyński b. 1857 who was son of Stanisław Kaczyński born to Mikołaj Kaczyński b. 1767 in Skarzyn Abramy. Mikolaj was son of Walenty Kaczynski].

Now from beginning:
Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730 [1740 ?] - 1764 daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691-1772 and Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1700;
Marianna m. to Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733, d. 1784 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch;
they had son Maksymilian Olszowski b. ca 1760 / 1763, d. 1814 in Wólka Krzykowska in the Chorzęcin parish + Magdalena Górecka b. ca 1760, with children:
Tomasz Ksawery;
Szymon Jakub OLSZOWSKI 1798-1882 + Agnieszka Gurbska b. ca 1810-1860
[with daughter Julia Emilia Magdalena Olszowska born 1827 + Aleksander Dunin-Brzeziński];
Jan Chrzciciel b. 1802 {the same generation like Mikołaj Kaczyński b. 1767}.
Daughter of above Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski was Jadwiga Dunin-Brzezińska b. ca 1860 married Stanisław Jasiewicz with son Aleksander Jasiewicz m. Stefania Szydłowska; and granddaughter Jadwiga Jasiewicz b. 1926.

We back to the generation 9 before Lech Kaczynski:

Stanisław Olszowski b. 1705 - d. 1736 + Zofia Nekanda Trepka b. ca 1700-1735; Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biała 14 km north-west of Wielun; and Teresa Sielnicka.

At margin:
Antoni Jan Olszowski was born 1732, to above mentioned Stanisław Olszowski and Zofia Nekanda-Trepka.
Stanisław was born in 1705. Zofia was born in 1700. Antoni had brother Jan Nepomucen Olszowski.

Antoni Jan Olszowski m. in 1756 to Katarzyna Niemojowska b. 1730, with one daughter Franciszka Załuskowski; and with son Marceli Olszowski 1767-1837,
grandson Andrzej Olszowski 1801-1879 m. in 1837 to Emilia Czarzewska / Czażewska 1818-1885;
great-grandson Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 married Julia Szembek 1836 - died in Wroclaw in 1928.

Above named Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 was owner of Torzyniec {Torzeniec, the village in the Ostrzeszow county, close to Doruchów, north-west of WIERUSZOW}, died in Breslau / Wroclaw, the marriage in 1866.

Mentioned above
Julia SZEMBEK was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu / Emilia Bécu de Tavernier b. 1806 - Gdańsk, d. 1895 - Wrocław
[see the Becu family at my domain + Slowacki and Pilar - Pilchau of Estonia / Parnu];
Julia nee Szembek was born 1836 or ca 1838 in the Siemianice parish, died in Wrocław. Julia's {Paulina Ewa Julia Szembek} grandfather - Wincenty Barnaba Józef Szembek b. 1778,
great-grandfather was Polish and Russian General Major Aleksander Szembek 1739-1806, Freemason,
son of Józef Szembek 1710-1765 of Ostrzeszow [east of Krotoszyn - see Mielzynski].
Jozef b. 1710 was son of Aleksander Szembek of Leczyca, grandson of Piotr Szembek [Aleksander was half brother of Stanisław Szembek junior]. Piotr was son of Hieronim Szembek and Gryzelda Żęlecka 1610-1644. Piotr was half brother of Paweł Szembek 1600-1659
[with son Stanisław Szembek who died 1750, and grandson - Paweł Szembek b. ca 1680, died 1751, and great-grandson Bishop Onufry Kajetan Szembek b. 1743 in Sawa, the Myślenice County]
and Stanisław Szembek senior.

Above Andrzej Olszowski 1801-1879 was son of Marceli 1767-1837 and Franciszka Kalinowska - she was born ca 1760 (before 1765 ?). Franciszka Kalinowska m. Olszewski / Olszowski in ca 1800 [before ?].
The Ludwik Olszowski [Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 married Julia Szembek 1836-1928] branch come from Walerian and his son Mikołaj who was born in 1619 in Olszowo / Olszowa, the Ujazd parish. Olszowo - 15 km north-west of Ujazd in the Śląsk province (Schlesien, Silesia).

Above Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691 [Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biała 14 km north-west of Wielun], died in Myślniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow]; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700 [his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch];
his son Władysław Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun), with 10 children:
1. Marianna Psarska b. ca 1755, m. in 1791 in above Ruda, to Karol Gorecki b. ca 1755, of Nowa Wieś;
2. Kunegunda Psarska b. 1755, m. in 1788 in Kraszkowice, the Ruda parish, to Jan Kanty Krąkowski died in 1814 in Kociszew, officer in Ostrzeszów, son of Ignacy Krąkowski b. 1720, officer in Ostrzeszów (see Walewski, Psarski, Kiedrzynski, Kreski), grandson of Władysław Jordan Krakowski b. 1676 Rogaszyce;
3. Salomea Psarska (1765 - 1839 Dąbrówka, the Sieradz county) m. Franciszek Kobylański (1760 - 1857);
4. Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Rędziny) m. Łucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863),
5. Franciszek Psarski b. ca 1770 m. Wiktoria Fundament - Karśnicka b. ca 1775 - 1844 Biała, daughter of Jan Gwalbert Fudament - Karśnicki (1731 - 1820);
6. Anna Psarska (1770 - 1806 in the Kuźniczka manor in the Krzepice parish - see Kiedrzynski) m. Józef Leon Jaxa - Bykowski Count b. ca 1766;
7. Hipolit Psarski b. ca 1770 m. Franciszka Jakułowicz;
8. Józef Psarski b. 1780, m. Tekla Wierzchleyska;
9. Agnieszka Psarska died after 1844, m. 1804, to Jan Kanty Szaniawski b. ca 1764;
10. Rozyna Anna Magdalena Psarska (born in 1781 in Kraszkowice, close to Ruda).

Note on Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki, 1731 - 1820, who was born to Sebastian Fundament - Karśnicki:
Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki married Jadwiga Maslowska. Owner of Węglewice.
His next of kin:
JÓZEF SULIMIERSKI b. 1738, d. 1805, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka {see Rogaczewski, Kiedrzynski + Konstantynowicz}, and Kuźnica (near Lubiec), m. Franciszka Wierzchlejska, with son
Jan Piotr Walerian SULIMIERSKI b. 1783, m. in 1804 in Cieszęcin to Magdalena Jastrzębiec Karśnicka born in ca 1784, daughter of above Jan Gwalbert KARSNICKI and Jadwiga Masłowski, with son:
Marceli Jan Gwalbert / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805 in Weglowice / WEGLEWICE close to Wielun (the Wieruszow county); d. 1874, judge, exiled to Siberie,
m. in 1828 in Częstochowa, to Zofia Joanna Wczele Szołowska b. 1808, with son
Władysław Jan Sulimierski 1830 - 1866, who m. Wanda Walewska b. 1832 [see Wola Pszczolecka].

Piotr RADOLINSKI died 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Lanckorońska, with:
1. Maria Radolinska b. ca 1795 married to Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski, son of Ludwik and Antonina Kalinowska [see Wola Pszczolecka, Oginski, Kalinowski in 1840 in St Petersburg],
2. Józefa Radolinska b. 1800 in Żelazków m. to Józef Jastrzębiec Karśnicki 1784-1862, son of Jan Gwalbert [Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820] and Józefa Jadwiga Masłowska.

Wojciech Donat Rokossowski died 1834, owner of Poręba in the Olkusz county, the Cięgowice parish, m. Zuzanna Jabłońska d. 1851, with
Marcela Marianna Rokossowska b. 1810, who married to Jan Gwalbert Karśnicki 1795-1874, owner of Łyskornia and Węglowice (his sister Urszula Julia Agnieszka Fundament-Karśnicka 1823 [1813 ?] - 1881 m. Józef Marek Piotr Stadnicki 1816-1893),
son of Idzi Karsnicki (ca 1765 ? / 1780-1835 or E. Karsnicki) and Konorata / Honorata Kożuchowska 1770-1860.
Idzi was son of mentioned above Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820.
Above Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki in 1808-1810 had built a church in Weglewice, he was MP in 1788, insurgent in 1794.

Florian Stanisław Józef Kreski b. 1771 in Grębanin {Count} - 1838, owner of Masłowice, married in 1803 in Węglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karśnicka d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert [Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820] and Józefa Masłowski,
with children:
a. Laura Rozamunda KRESKA b. 1805 in Grębanin, d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, son of Marcin and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,
b. Natalia Marianna KRESKA born in 1804 in Grębanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Rościsław Walewski 1802-1835) owner of Pstrokonie, who was son of Ludwik Walewski,
c. Edward Napoleon Kreski born in 1806 Węglewice, d. 1879, owner of Masłowice, judge in Wieluń, owner of estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Łazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Łask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kręska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski and Brygida Kożuchowski, 3rd m. in 1852 in Masłowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy.

Above named Napoleon Izydor Rościsław Walewski 1802-1835 married to Natalia Marianna Kręska 1804-1832
(Natalia Marianna Kręska b. 1804 - Grębanin close to Wieruszow and Kepno, d. 1832 - Masłowice; she had grandfathers: Joachim Kręski 1723-1795 [see below!] and named above Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820).

Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border [see: Florian Stanisław Józef Kreski b. 1771 in Grębanin !], married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770. Andrzej Kiedrzyński (junior) was born ca 1770, was son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish.


The genealogy of the SZEMBEK family and of Ignacy Bleszynski [Ignacy Bleszynski of Luszowice, close to Koscielec]:

Ignacy Błeszyński was born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan.
Above Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew and Bujnów - 3 km west of Zloczew and 9 km north-east of Dymki {see KIEDRZYNSKI} and close to Lututow, in 1773 - Grodzice and Łagiewniki, MP in 1809, 1811 MP of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, officer in Brodnica, very active member of the 1794 Insurection
(battle of Sieradz; see Madalinski and Uminski - near KROTOSZYN, and the MIELZYNSKI family)
in the Sieradz province; married Petronela Radoliński, with son Ignacy Franciszek Błeszyński b. 1783, m. ANNA ca 1810.
All children of above named Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and
Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanisław Józef Walewski 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814 and
Kunegunda WALEWSKA Szembek born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek, Count, 1740-1835, MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793, with son Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdańsk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier, with son Aleksander Szembek (1815-1884).

Józef Szembek d. 1765 in Cracow, officer in Ostrzeszow, was son of Aleksander Szembek senior of Lęczyca, grandson of PIOTR, great-grandson of Hieronim Szembek b. ca 1600, died 1663, who was son of Stanisław Szembek b. ca 1540, died 1599.
Józef Szembek d. 1765, had 2 sons - Aleksander junior and above Józef Ignacy Szembek b. 1740.

Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 {see Lech Kaczynski's genealogy} married Julia Szembek 1836-1928. Ludwik was owner of Torzyniec {Torzeniec, the village in the Ostrzeszow county, close to Doruchów, north-west of WIERUSZOW}, died in Breslau / Wroclaw, the marriage in 1866.
Julia was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu; Julia nee Szembek was born 1836 or ca 1838 in the Siemianice parish, died in Wrocław. Mentioned above Julia SZEMBEK was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu / Emilia Bécu de Tavernier b. 1806 - Gdańsk, d. 1895 - Wrocław [see the Becu family at my domain + Slowacki and Pilar - Pilchau of Estonia / Parnu];
Julia's {Paulina Ewa Julia Szembek} grandfather - Wincenty Barnaba Józef Szembek b. 1778,
great-grandfather was Polish and Russian General Major Aleksander Szembek 1739-1806, Freemason,
son of Józef Szembek 1710-1765 of Ostrzeszow [east of Krotoszyn - see Mielzynski].
Jozef b. 1710 was son of Aleksander Szembek of Leczyca,
grandson of Piotr Szembek [Aleksander was half brother of Stanisław Szembek junior].
Piotr SZEMBEK was son of mentioned above
Hieronim Szembek and Gryzelda Żęlecka 1610-1644. Piotr was half brother of Paweł Szembek senior 1600-1659
[with son Stanisław Szembek who died 1750, and grandson - Paweł Szembek junior b. ca 1680, died 1751, and great-grandson Bishop Onufry Kajetan Szembek b. 1743 in Sawa, the Myślenice County]
and Stanisław Szembek senior.

Jan Paszkowski, born ca 1755 + Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków); Anna Niemojewska was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872, acc. to my search,
her mother was Ludwika nee Walewska 1775-1863 and her grandfather was
Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792 + Paulina Pulina Radolinska, and great-grandfather was
Aleksander Walewski m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno.

SEE:
Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716), of Rozprza (1702-1716), married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu. He had daughter and two sons:
a. Justyna,
b. Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ? who had son - mentioned above
Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno.

This Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska had son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (ca 1743 / 1747 - 1792) - they all were owners of Jedlno [see IZYDOR + HELENA KIEDRZYNSKI].
Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski.
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno.
Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ? had grandchildren: Józef Kalasanty Walewski {see - Izydor Kiedrzynski and Helena} and Wincenty Walewski b. 1785, who had son Konrad Walewski, b. 1813 in Jedlno, d. 1896 Cracow who married to Ludwika Potocka b. 1814 / 1815 with 2 children.
c.
Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 with son
Stanisław Józef Walewski ca 1720 or 1740 - 1770 and grandchildren:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski and Kunegunda Szembek.
Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married above Stanisław Józef Walewski 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814 and Kunegunda WALEWSKA Szembek born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek, Count.

Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, who m. 1st to Zuzanna Połchowska with:
a. Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835, and
b. Magdalena Helena Walewska born ca 1761 / 1762.
Romuald WALEWSKI was son of Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, who m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.

Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, was son of mentioned above Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga [see below]; MAREK was father of Paulina / Paula Oginska; brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and brother of named above Magdalena Antonina Walewska!

We back to mother of Paula Oginska:
Jadwiga Szembek nee Rudnicka, ca 1710 - ca 1765, wife of Marek Szembek and Kazimierz Lubienski, she was mother of
Paula Oginska;
Konstancja Kossowska and
Anna Letowska.
Above Marek Szembek 1700 - 1744.
Above Paula Oginska Szembek, burned in Miedniewice, was born 1737, d. 1798, she was wife of
Celestyn Lubienski,
Jan Prosper Potocki, and
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski!
She was mother of Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski,
Michal Kleofas Oginski,
(see: Komorowski, von Ronne, Mielzynski, Bilewicz, Pilsudski, Trubecki, Kalinowski, Konstantynowicz, Tallinn, Italy, Napoleon...)
and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska;
half sister of Konstancja Kossowska and Anna Letowska.
We remember that above Antoni Felicjan Szembek ca 1680 - 1739, was father of Magdalena Antonina Walewska.

The great-grandfather of Bogdan Konstantynowicz was Antoni Plaszczewski b. ca 1865/1870 in Zosle or Zasliai; he was living in 1907 in Wilno; his wife Rachela Pilecka b. ca 1870; 1907 - address - Malo Obozowa No 207; carpenter; bought home from Marek Losiew; Rachela died before 1924;
her daughter Zofia Plaszczewska married Jerzy / Marian Konstantynowicz - lived in Lida to morning of 18 September 1939, then Wilno.
Antoni Plaszczewski was son of JAN Plaszczewski b. ca 1840 in ZASLIAI [?] - the name from paper of 1907. Rachela PILECKA b. ca 1870, maybe was next of kin of Julian Pilecki [Adam Pilecki, b. ca 1810 + Maria Domeyko of Sukurcze, had son Józef Pilecki, of Starojelnia and Lowczylowicze; Jozef married to Flawia Zórawska with son Julian Pilecki, married to Ludwika Osiecimska].
Zasliai is located between three lakes in eastern Lithuania, halfway between Kaunas and Vilnius; 30 km west of Mejszagola / Maisiagala. Owners: Juniewicz Henryk of Samuelów and Zosle; Count Tyszkiewicz Stefan of Korsaki nad Zosle.
Above Stefan Eugeniusz Tyszkiewicz / Stefan Eugeniusz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski of Landwarow, b. 1894, son of Wladyslaw Tyszkiewicz b. 1865 in Landwarow; owner of Landwarow; Wladyslaw was brother of Aleksander Tyszkiewicz / Aleksandras Tiskevicius b. 1864 in Paris, landowner of Kretynga, son of Józef owner of Landwarow and Kretynga + Zofia Horwatt.
Count Aleksy Korff, back in 1920 to Wilno, and Ponary; 1923 in Gieguzyn close to Zosle.
Above Zasliai / Zosle / Zoszle, 7 km of Koszedary. In 1710 Zosle was the estate of Marianna Romer; 1737 - Jan and Anna Chreptowicz; 1766 - Joachim Chreptowicz, then Michal Zaleski; 1850 - Antoni Zaleski [in 1863]; next to Józef Tyszkiewicz;
in 1795 to Teresa Potocka - Kossakowska / Terese Hilzeniene / Teresa Korwin-Kossakowska born Potocka in in 1740, to Michal Potocki and Marcjanna born Oginska. Michal was born in 1663. Marcjanna was born in 1713. Teresa had brothers Feliks Potocki and Ksawery Franciszek Potocki. Teresa 1st married Szymon Marcin Juda Korwin-Kossakowski with one daughter Natalia Marianna / Marianna Korwin-Kossakowska. Teresa 2nd married Józef Jerzy Hilzen with son Jan Jerzy Hilzen. Teresa died in 1823.
Simonas Martynas Kosakovskis [b. 1741 in Szyly, died on April 25, 1794 in Vilnius]; 1768 the Bar confederation with 4000 unit in the Smolensk province, and fought about Pskow, in Kurlandia; 1790 he was Russian general-major. Teresa was mother of Natalija Marijona Kosakauskaite [b. 1769] and Jan Jerzy Hilzen [b. ca 1770]. Sister of Petras Potockis born 1728. Half sister of Feliks Potocki and Ksawery Franciszek Potocki.
Above Marcijana Potocka born Oginska in 1713 in Vicebsk, died 1766, daughter of Marcin Michal Oginski and Teresa BRZOSTOWSKA. Sister of Barbara Pac; Ignacy Oginski; Stanislaw Jerzy Oginski; Tadas Pranciskus Oginskis [father of Andrius Ignotas Oginskis {! father of Michal Kleofas Oginski and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska} and Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski] and Benedykta Tyszkiewicz. Half sister of Stanislawa Teresa and Marianna.
Above Marcin Michal Oginski known as Marcjan Oginski, born in 1672 in Vicebsk / Vitsebsk, d. 1750. Son of Szymon Karol Symeon Oginski.


The experts very well know who was Michal Kleofas Oginski and his father! See below on his genealogy + von Ronne [+ Mielzynski]; about the Oginskis and their role in the great Polish conspiracy on the other my web pages. Welcome to read!
On the Von Ronne family, and the family of Mielzynski from Krotoszyn {Baszkow and others villages} and from Leszno area [Pawlowice] - and it was only one step to the Sulkowskis - here recall the aide of Napoleon and his relationships with the family Venture de Paradise and with the family of King Poniatowski - not only: also family relationships to Breguet [see Ireland ! and Kazan] - and here one step to Duflon [the Neuchatel county and so on] and Konstantynowicz of Miezonka and Moscow, Kazan, Tallinn, Viljandi, Parnu... - and again we return to Moscow and Armand - see again Inessa Armand and Lenin [Dzierzynski + Artuzow Frutchi from Switzerland + Pilar Pilchau - see de Mohrenhildt and Kennedy, Hlusk and Bobruisk, Becu, Slowacki, Rehbinder and Gernet from Estonia + Konstantynowicz of Pskow; to Bulhak, Dzierzynski, Pilsudski...].

Brief note:
MARIA TEKLA von Ronne OGINSKA / Marija Tekle Oginskiene that is Maria (Marija) 1804 - 1897 m. 2nd time to TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis.
Tadeusz Antoni Oginski 1798-1844, had children:
Natalia Oginska 1830-1867 + Zygmunt Gawronski 1816-1886;
Gabriela Maria Oginska 1830-1912 + 1st to Edward Józef Krasicki 1831 - 1877, + 2nd to Eugeniusz von Rönne 1830-1895;
Amelia Oginska b. ca 1830 + Witold Zygmunt Joachim Wollowicz 1825-1875 with son Olgierd Michal Wollowicz 1869-1900.

Above Tadeusz Antoni Oginski, born 1798 or ca 1805, died 1844 in Veisiejai, the Lazdijai district, was son of Michal Kleofas Oginski and Izabela.

Above MARIA TEKLA von Ronne OGINSKA / Marija Tekle Oginskiene was sister of:
1. Anton / Antanas von RONNE, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas, who had daughter Olimpia (1829-1861), married FELIKS OGINSKI / Felix Prince Oginskis (1828 or 1830-1880 / 1893), son of Ksawery Oginski [that is Franciszek Ksawery 1801-1837 and Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832. Franciszek was son of Michal Kleofas Oginski 1765-1833].
2. Felix II von RONNE / Feliksas, born ca 1797 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai [see Mielzynski of Krotoszyn and Angela Merkel];
and 3. Ludowika (Liudvika) b. ca 1805, unmarried;
4. Theodora (Teodora) b. ca 1807, married to KSAWERY OGINSKI
[that is Franciszek Ksawery 1801-1837 who married to Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832 with son above named Feliks Oginski 1828-1893 + 1st wife in ca 1840 to Olimpia von Rönne 1829-1861, daughter of Antoni von Rönne].

So just you remind that the Oginskis land estates in Belarus had a huge impact on the family Oziemblowski and Dzerzhinsky [see Zalesie, Iwieniec, Retow at my domain].
Here, only one step to Joseph Oziemblowski [son of Onufry Oziemblowski b. ca 1780 ?] and Smokowski next of kin to the Konstantynowiczs - they together were friends to Jan Rustem in Wilno. In 1878 above Józef Oziemblowski / Ozieblowski died [b. 1805 in Minsk or 1804, died in Wilno] and also Boleslaw Ozieblowski died in 1878 - son of mentioned Józef [Boleslaw died in Pskowie in Jan. 1878; he was born in 1834]. STEFANJA OZIEBLOWSKA 1849 - 1934, was daughter of above Józef. Onufry Oziemblowski b. ca 1780, had grandson Wieslaw Oziemblowski b. 1840 to father from MINSK, who was b. 1805. Jozef Oziemblowski was friend of Jan Rustem (b. 1762 Stambul, d. 1835 in Puszki near Dukszty).
Jan Rustem b. 1762 in Konstantynopol, died in 1835, Dukšteliai / Duksztialiai / Dukštas in Lithuania, was a painter of Armenian ethnicity, was sponsored by Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, back to Poland around 1774, among his tutors were Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine and Marcello Bacciarelli;
1788 and 1790 in Germany, where he became a freemason, then in Warsaw, later moving to Vilna; 1789 he worked in the theater of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Casimir Oginski in Slonim - to 1798;
in Wilno was as assistant to Franciszek Smuglewicz, his students were Taras Shevchenko, Józef Oleszkiewicz, Kanuty Rusiecki, and Michal Kulesza.

And we back to Soltan and Konstantynowicz:
Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, wife of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Soltan;
Anna Soltan;
Stanislaw Soltan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Jozef / Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.
Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, husband of Idalia b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej; Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 was father of Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan and Maria Anna Sierakowska. Above Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan 1821 - 1853, was father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.

Note to Smokowski
[see below about Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz. Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 m. Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790 with daughter - above Emilia]:
Wincenty Smokowski b. 1797 in Wilno, died 1876 in Krykiany (KRIKONYS or Krykiany, the manor / Krikonys, 18 km south-east of Ignalina, south-east of UTENA) close to Mielegiany. Wincenty Smokowski, was "painter, graphic artist, sculptor, lecturer at the Vilnius University (studied at the Vilnius University 1817 - 1822); and at the Art Academy in St. Petersburg in 1823-29 (1831-36 in Wilno again studied medicine). In 1829 under Jan Rustem painted compositions of an historical, daily life, and antiquarian nature, as well as portraits; illustrated books, and published articles about Lithuanian art and artists", acc. to http://www.unesco.org/webworld. In 1822, the Vilnius artist Wincenty Smokowski (1797–1876) visited the ruins of the Trakai island castle and sketched the surviving fragments. Wincenty Smokowski was excellent woodcutter - illustrator by Aleksander Majerski (1789-1857), artist, lithographer, drawing teacher.

DOMINIK Konstantynowicz was gotten married with Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki from Kublicze (= Kublicy) in accordance with Boniecki; she was great-granddaughter of
Stanislaw Duke Radziwill at Nieswiez / Nyasvizh (b.1722) + Karolina nee Pociej (b. 1732)
and daughter of Jozef Piottuch - Kublicki of the Ostoja coat of arms (Oktawia born c. 1810, and Kublicy = Kublicze is situated in Uszacz region = Ushachi, Usacy - that is west of Uszacz, the Witebsk / Vitsyebsk / Vicebsk province, in district of Lepel / Lyepyel; in Kublicze were living the Veryho-Darevskis {1863}).
Mentioned Konstantynowicz that was Dominik born c. 1805, exceptionally well-off man, was the second husband of Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki because Jozef Szumski was the first one. It was plenty of conversations among families of Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz even in the middle of the twentieth century about wealth of Dominik.
These spouses were related with: dukes Radziwill
(one of richest person of Poland and Lithuania in eighteenth century, Stanislaw duke Radziwill was an immediate descendant of Aleksander Ludwik duke Radziwill - born 1594 - with "Trumpets" coat of arms and his wife Tekla nče Wollowicz; also the descendant of Mikolaj Krzysztof duke Radziwill called the "Black" born 1515 in Nieswiez - most influential man in Grand Principality of Lithuania in 16th cent. and an uncle of Barbara Radziwill),
dukes Oginski, Szumski, Piottuch (- Kublicki), Smokowski, Soltan, Pociej and Benislawski.

Brief explanation:
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.
Above named Jozef had daughters and sons:
1. Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benislawski 1846-1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);
2. Walentyna Soltan (born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska. Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4. Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;
5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6. above named Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735 [?] - 1789.
Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[daughter of Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer; the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan (see below).

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.
Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Römer; husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

We back to the Oziemblowskis that is Ozieblowski:
We know about: Hieronim Oziemblowski b. 1630;
Józef Oziemblowski b. 1805 - Minsk, who was son of Onufry?
Samuel Oziemblowski b. ca 1700, who was grandson of above Hieronim.
Hektor Oziemblowski b. ca 1690, maybe brother of above Samuel; Hektor was owner of Rawisze, Gikany, Zosnica and Kolpaciszki.

And again back to the Oginskis, Dzierzynski and Oziemblowski:
Retów / Rietavas, is situated ca 25 km south of Plunge of the Oginskis, and east of Gargzdai of von RONNE, ca 40 km.

GARGZDAI / Gargždai of the Rönne family - in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir Oginski; Sapieha in 1786; Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; F. and E. Rėnė / Rönne. 1786 fire burned almost all the buildings,
for sometime, the estate was owned by Count MIELZYNSKI of Pawlowice - Krotoszyn (counts Mielžinskiams). 1829-1830 their mansion purchased by Baron Felix Ronne;
1831 uprising - fighting headed by K. Hanusevičiaus. Michael Suraki, was arrested, but later returned. After the uprising baron F. Ronne about 1840 built a chapel.
When Felix RONNE died, his daughter, Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei taken the estate land with manor, then son of Baron, Eugenijus Ronne.
In the 4th decade of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the Gargždai Manor was owned by the famous baron E. Ronne. E. Ronne built a park, manor, he was educated, corresponded with Karolina Broniewska; his small museums equipped with collections of antiquities, porcelain collection, books in a library. 1895 Baron Eugene Ronne was buried in his father's chapel; 1912 was buried there his wife Gabrielle Oginskytė-Ronne / GABRIELA OGINSKA. The mansion went to daughter of his first marriage [was three daughters] Countess Gabriele Komarauskaitei-Krasickienei / Gabriela KOMOROWSKA - KRASICKA.

In 1732 Retów bought Józef Benedykt Skumin-Tyszkiewicz (1694 - 1754), who married to Teresa Niemirowicz-Szczyt (1708-?), then to his son Krzysztof (1729-1762), who in 1748 married Jadwiga Zaluska (1726-1771); in 1763 widow Jadwiga Zaluska Tyszkiewicz m. Duke Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski (1712-1783), and Retów passed on the ownership of the family Oginski. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill
[Izabela Kotryna Oginska born Radziwill]
of Nieswiez, d. 1761 / 1763; Izabela Kotryna Oginska Radziwill b. 1711, d. 1761 in Maladzyechna, the Minsk Province, was daughter of Michal Antoni Radziwill b. 1687
[he was brother of Lukrecja Katarzyna Donhoff; Adelajda Cecylia Teresa Dambska; Jan Mikolaj Radziwill, and Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll who was father of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, with daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan b. circa 1751 and her children were:
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780
{with 4 or more of course children:
Walentyna Soltan (Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan 1795 - 1843 with daughter Oktawia Soltan b. 1830, d. 1871 in Kazan, m. in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan 1824 - 1900);
Anna Benislawska (Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Benislawski);
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki;
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Szumski + DOMINIK KONSTANTYNOWICZ of MIEZONKA;
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876 son of Konstancja Mickiewicz;
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820};
Helena Soltan and Anna Wankowicz]
and Marianna Siesicka;
she was sister of Leon Radziwill and Marijona Radvilaite (copyright by Andrzej Hennel).

Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and
Andrzej Ignacy (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son
Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812].
Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with her son Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski (1808-1863) owner of Zalesie and Retów.
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski [see also Wola Pszczolecka] and Emilia Potocka she died in 1844; then Ireneusz married 2nd to Olga Kalinowska [see Trubecki, Estonia, Konstantynowicz, 1840 St Petersburg and Cracow].
Olga had 2 sons: Michal Mikolaj Oginski owner of Zalesie, and Bogdan Michal Oginski in Retów.
Bogdan Michal Oginski / Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district.

Plunge Manor is a former Oginski residential manor in Plunge. Oginski was a Lithuanian diplomat, and polish composer. Plunge is situated 44 km north-west of Gargzdai [see Krotoszyn and Mielzynski; see Angela Merkel]; 1806 to 1873 Plunge belonged to mentioned above Platon Zubov, and later to the Oginskis / Oginskiai, who built a palace here in 1879.

Above Prince Platon Alexandrovich Zubov b. 1767, died 1822, was the last of Catherine the Great's favourites and the most powerful man in Russian Empire; he had several siblings, including Nicholas, Valerian, and Olga Zherebtsova. "It was through his distant relative, Russian Field Marshal Nicholas Saltykov, that he met the Empress. Saltykov presented the young officer to the court on the understanding that Zubov would then help Saltykov in his feud with Catherine's long-standing favourite, Prince Potemkin".
See: Walewski, Potocki, Kalinowski, Lubomirski and Wola Pszczolecka, also Billewicz and Zubov / Zubow!
Above Platon Aleksandrovicius Zubov died in Joniškis [at half of way from Siauliai to Mitawa / Jelgava, now in north Lithuania], partner of Sofia Leontievna Przysylonska; father of Sofja Platonovna Pirch; and Aleksandra Platonovna Zubova and so on. He was brother of Olga Alexandrovna Zherebtsova; Count Valerian Zubov; Vasili Zubov and Anna Khorvat / HORVAT and so on.

Note on the Gargždai estate:
Gargždai was an estate of the Rönne family; in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir / Kazimierz Oginski; also to Sapieha in 1786; then Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; F. and E. Rene / Rönne.
In 1786 fire burned almost all the buildings, for sometime, the estate was owned by Count MIELZYNSKI of Pawlowice - Krotoszyn (counts Mielžinskiams). 1829-1830 their mansion purchased by Baron Felix Ronne; 1831 uprising - fighting headed by K. Hanuseviciaus. Michael Suraki, was arrested, but later returned. After the uprising baron F. Ronne about 1840 built a chapel.
When Felix died, his daughter, Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei taken the estate land with manor, then son of Baron, Eugenijus Ronne.
In the 4th decade of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the Gargždai Manor was owned by the famous baron E. Ronne. E. Ronne built a park, manor, he was educated, corresponded with Karolina Broniewska; his small museums equipped with collections of antiquities, porcelain collection, books in a library. 1895 Baron Eugene Ronne was buried in his father's chapel;
in 1912 was buried there his wife Gabrielle Oginskyte-Ronne / GABRIELA OGINSKA.
The mansion went to daughter of his first marriage [was three daughters] Countess Gabriele Komarauskaitei-Krasickienei / Gabriela KOMOROWSKA - KRASICKA.
The owner of the Gargždai estate from 1875 to 1895 was Baron Eugenijus Rönne, and then his widow Gabriele until 1912, that is
Felix II Baron Rönne (b. ca. 1797), and his son Eugene Baron Rönne (1830 - 1895), then to Eugene's wife Gabriela Princess Oginska, and Eugene's sister, Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne - Mielzynska of Krotoszyn.
They come from
Karl (Carl) Ewald Baron von Rönne (1663 - 1716); and his son Carl Johann Ernst Baron von Rönne b. 1700; to grandson
Carl Philipp von Rönne b. 1721 - he had big family with many children [copyright by Matthias Andreas Gredler]:
Carl Wilhelm; Anna Benigna Bsse von Rönne; Catharina Elisabeth; Gustav Philipp; Jakobine Benigna von Behr; Otto Hermann; Dorothea Christiana von Derschau; Christopher Carl; Johann Gotthard; Friedrich; Maria Elisabeth; August Bar. von Rönne; Anna Louise Caroline von Rosenberg; Ewald Heinrich; Christian Bar. von Rönne; Philippine von Roenne; Reinhold Benjamin, and Juliane Charlotte - inf. at geni.com in 2015.

Family von Roenne in Lithuania and Poland, acc. to the book "Rernavas" and A. Niewiadomski:
Stefan Karl Baron Rönne, in 1752 owned the manor of Gielgudyszki Wysolde / Gelgaudiskis by the river Memel, sold to his son-in-law Franciszek Pilsudski (1713-1791), head of administration of Wieszwiagny.
Ca 1645 Ernst von Rönne lived and died in 1699 in Smolensk, was married ca 1670 to HELENA BILLEWICZ / Elena Bilevicikute, born 1650 with sons:
1. Krzysztof / Christoph b. ca 1673, d. 1723, Major General;
2. Theodor born ca 1675;
3. Stefan Karl b. ca 1678, died in 1753, in 1714 Polish Colonel and owner of the Manor of Kupiszki in the Rosienie / Rossienie caunty, head of the administration of Telsze and Uwenty.
His son Nikolai build in 1786 a Catholic Church in Renavas. He is the 1st owner of Renavas / Rennow.
Above Stefan was married 2 times: 1st to Rosa Siukstaite [Roza daughter of Jozef ?], 2nd to Anna Ivanovic [Anna daughter of Jan], with children:
1. Johanna von Ronne b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski;
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married: 1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute, 2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija {Mikalojus Rene / Nicolaus Ronne / Nikolaus von Rönne / Mikolaj von Rönne b. ca 1720 / 1740 + Aniela Pilsudska b. 1750}.
Children of the 2nd wedding:
Felix b. ca 1770 [??] and
Maria b. ca 1750;
above Felix I Baron Rönne, Lieutenant Colonel, owner of Manor in Swiatoszyn by the Memel River in Lithuania and of Renavas / Renowo, in 1781 - Major of the Polish King court and 1792 was the Polish Chamberlain, awarded in [before ?] 1799 with the title of Baron from Polish King. His wife Antonina Gielgud [see below], was daughter of Castellan of Samoigiten, Antoni and Barbara Judycka, with 5 children named the baron-title:
1. Anton / Antanas, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas;
2. Felix II / Feliksas, born ca 1797 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai;
3. Maria (Marija) 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis;
4. Ludowika (Liudvika) b. ca 1805, unmarried;
5. Theodora (Teodora) b. ca 1807, married to KSAWERY OGINSKI.

Above Anton Baron Rönne b. ca 1795, was son of [Feliksas Rene b. ca 1770 [?] + Antonina Gielgud] Felix Baron Rönne and Antonina Gielgud / Antonia Gelgaudaite in 1869 was owner of Renava / Renowo in the Zemaitija county, married 2 times: 1st to PRZECISLEWSKA / Psecislevska, 2nd m. Olympia Gorski.
His children: 1. Pelagia (1818 - ?);
2. Olimpia (1829-1861), married FELIKS OGINSKI / Felix Prince Oginskis (1830-1880), son of Ksawery Oginski.

Renavas / Renowo, Rennow, owned by above named Maria Baroness Rönne, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite; Maria b. 1804, d. 1897 m. 1st to Michal BOREWICZ / Michael Prince Borevicius, Judge, d. 1814 with children:
Nikolaus,
Ludvikia,
Teodora m. 2nd to Tadeus Prince Oginski (1798-1844) with children: Nastasia, Gabriela, Angela.

Above Theodora Baroness Rönne, b. ca 1807, married Ksaveras Prince Oginski. Their son was Feliksas Prince Oginski 1830-1880 married with Olimpija Baroness Rönne, Anton's daughter.

Above Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargsdai; married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka; children from the 1st wife:
Eugene Carl Anton Theophil b. 1830 in Gargsdai / Gargzdu, nearby Klaipeda [died 1895 in Berlin, married Gabriela Princess Oginska (1830-1912), he was Polish poet !];
Aniela / Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne / Aniele (Anele Elena Amelija) b. 1832 m. Count Melzinski / MIELZYNSKI, the last heir of Renavas, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne, she lived 1832-1911, married in 1868 to Stanislaw Count Mielzynski. Their son
Felix Count Melzinski was the heir of manor Renavas.
Renavas - 50 km east-north-north of PLUNGE.

Important note:
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński and Aniela Helena born von Rönne. Stanisław was born in 1840, in Baszków; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gorżdy, Lithuania now.
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński 2nd, b. 1840, who come from Mikołaj Gorgoni Mielżyński 1780 - 1842, who was the branch of Andrzej Mielżyński 1698 - 1771. Above Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski born in Goscieszyn, 1698 - d. Pawlowice, 1771, and he married in 1734 to Anna-Petronella / Anna Petronela BNINSKA [c. 1720 - Glogów, 1770], with son Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski b. 1737 + Konstancja Czapska.
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, had one sister Anna Maria von Wolmar Komorowska born Mielżyńska.
Above ANIELA von Ronne Mielzynska was half sister of Kazimierz Anastazy Karol Lubomirski [+ Zenaida Holynski daughter of Michal Holynski of the Mscislau province {see Konstantynowicz and Soino}] and Władysław Lubomirski.


The Freemasonry in the Poznan province:

Les Freres Anglais et Français Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski. Members:
Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and Jozef Poniatowski; others members: Barbara Dabrowska, Julianna Poninska, Karolina Palombini, Jaraczewska, Wincentyna Axamitowska, Eufemia Kwasniewska, Sulkowska, and Augustyna Zablocka; Lasocki in Lomza, General Kretkowski in Leczyca, Plichta in Plock, Franciszek Mickiewicz, General Stanislaw Mielzynski, Maximilian and Adam Moszczenski; it was constituted again in December 1815 and on 16 March 1816 with Zaborowski, and was the meeting mourning for a brother Thaddeus Kosciuszko on 19 December 1817.
In Dec. 1819 - Jan. 1820 was meeting of General Jan Nepomucen Uminski with Colonel Dobrogoyski, envoy of Kalisz. Dobrogoyski informed on the secret network in Cracow, and Uminski was claiming that is always ready to establish a branch in the Great Poland; he had confidential relations with Lieutenant Colonel Louis Sczaniecki; the secret organisation was formed - probably at the beginning of 1820 in Poznan - national Freemasonry:
Sczaniecki, Count Wiktor Szoldrski, Gajewski, Czapski, Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski, Zaborowski, Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski, three brothers Mielzynski, two Potworowski, Tytus Dzialynski, Józef Krzyzanowski, Garstkiewicz, Monkowski, Bukowiecki, Alojzy Zaborowski, Kalinowski, General Pradzynski also in Warsaw.
General Uminski was a member since 1820 with witnesses Morawski, Pradzynski, Adam Grabowski, with a contacts to counties nobility of southern, around Gostyn and Leszno. Maybe a separate filial existed in Leszno. In 1820 gathered a large number of members from the Leszno area; Pradzynski was in Leszno a member of the commission to limit the Russian - Prussian border.

The Union of Scythemen came from the National Poznan Freemasonry.
According to testimony of Pradzynski - General Stanislaw Mielzynski was the chairman of above The Union of Scythemen;
members among others: judge Morawski and general Uminski, the delegate to the headquarters in Warsaw. The oath was more militancy, than of the national Freemasonry. When in Poznan was founded named above Union, in Warsaw a negotiations were started in the direction of assimilation whole organization. Poznan recommended the creation of the central committee of the whole Poland in Warsaw or Poznan; Uminski stayed in Warsaw since May 6, 1821. To the Association was given the name of the Patriotic Society [in Warsaw]. At the head stood Wierzbolowicz. Uminski was the formal founder of the Patriotic Society.
In this way national Freemasonry formally ended its life, transforming in 1820 in Poznan to the Union of Scythemen, and in 1821 to the Patriotic Society. People remained the same.
Uminski again was - from February to April 1822 - in Warsaw.
Józef Krzyzanowski, was in Warsaw, too, but soon, in fact Lukasinski was arrested, and also Dobrogoyski and Dobrzycki.
1823 Count Stanislaw Soltyk, later Franciszek Jablonowski, among others, made contact with Russia.

And next very interesting figure:
Seweryn Krzyżanowski (1787 in Parchamówka in Ukraine, died in 1839 in Tobolsk), Lieutenant Colonel of the Polish Army, leader of the Patriotic Society. In 1808 he joined the army of the Duchy of Warsaw. In 1809-1811 in Spain, like MAJEWSKI [see below !]. He was a Freemason. He belonged to the lodge Shield North.

Captain Franciszek Majewski, was authorized to set up the Lodge by the Edinburgh, whose members he knew during his stay in England [more below]; The TEMPLARS / "Templariusze" acted until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdichev. Many of the Templars / "Templariuszes" were also members of Patriotic Society, like Lieutenant Colonel Seweryn-Krzyzanowski. The Patriotic Society also spread to Lithuania, where reached the Masonic circles.
The Templars Masonic Society was founded in 1820 in Volyn. The arrests, which took place in 1825, after the military coup of the Decembrists, resulted in detection of the Patriotic Society.
The Special Committee qualified to judge eight of its members, recruited from the Polish Kingdom
[Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew; or in Kaski in the Minsk government ?; above Kaski and Helenow in 1890 were owned by Count Potocki and Wladyslaw Bacciarelli concluded a contract of lease of above KASKI, and his son Kazimierz was appointed administrator of KASKI and Helenów. But we know about different Kaski estate: Anna Cielecka (ca 1770 - 1838), the proprietress of estates Galewice, Kaski farm close to Galewice (Galewice 10 km north-east of Wieruszow and 8 km north-east of Chobanin; KASKI - 2 / 3 km east of above Galewice and east of Domanin; Kaski - 11 km west of LUTUTOW and west of Dymki of the Kiedrzynskis. family; see OLSZOWSKI / Olszewski, Kreski, Madalinski and Psarski families), and Gizyce with Maczniki in the Kalisz province, m. Adam Wegierski (ca 1770 - 1829), with daughter Róza Tekla Wegierska (b. 1804), married in Warsaw in 1829, to Ludwik Fiszer (born 1800 - died in 1877 in Lomza)]:
Colonel Seweryn Krzyżanowski,
Captain Franciszek Majewski,
Wojciech Grzymała,
Stanisław Sołtyk [!],
priest Konstanty Dembek, Stanisław Zabłocki, Andrzej Plichta and Roman Załuski.

MAJEWSKI Franciszek (1781- died after 1837), was son of Stanisław Majewski and Barbara Żabińska; he was Captain, Freemason, founder of the Templars Society, served Polish army in 1806, fought in Spain, during his stay in France (Sedan) was adopted in 1809 to the Masonic lodge, and received the first three stages of initiation. In 1811 he was captured by the English in Alboro in Portugal;
transferred to a POW camp in the county of Somerset in England, then in Scotland, entered the lodge of Scottish Rite and received the degree of Rose Croix; he received the right to establish of new lodges. After returning to the country in 1817 he joined the Polish army, established contacts with a Masonry, because of his Scotland patent, and was admitted to the lodge "Temple of Isis";
he had the title of member of the Supreme Chapter of the Edinburgh, and founded the Templars Society;
the first member was a former colonel P. Łagowski in Warsaw in 1819.
In January 1820 adopted several new members and acted under the care of the Grand Master of the Templars - Duke of Kent. Most members of the Templars entered the Patriotic Society; after the uprising of the Decembrists, Majewski was imprisoned with several members of the Templars (1826), then he was deported in 1828 to St. Petersburg, was also sent as a soldier to the Caucasus, where he became friends with Roman Sanguszko. In 1836 obtained the right to return to the country. Then R. Sanguszko recommended him to his parents; he taken a village in the lease; Majewski lived in Sławuta as a resident close to Sanguszko.

Prince Paul Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682-1752), second married to Marianna Lubomirska, heiress of Ostroh, but main residence was above Sławuta / Slavuta (now in Ukraine); then to Hieronymous Sanguszko (1743-1812); after partitions of Poland, Eustachy Erasmus Sanguszko fought in the Kosciuszko Uprising and Napoleon's Russian campaign.

The earliest information in the world of the Knights Templar Degree is from the meeting of an Irish Royal Arch Lodge, in 1769 with William Davis, a P.M. and Member of Lodge No. 58. The first body of Knights Templar in Ireland was "The High Knight Templars of Ireland, Kilwinning Lodge" with Archibald, the 11th Earl of Eglinton, the Grand Master of Lodge Mother Kilwinning in 1779 in Dublin. In 1736, the Grand Lodge of Scotland was organised and the Kilwinning lodge was one of its constituent lodges; this one acted as a grand lodge, organising lodges in Scotland and on the continent, as well as in Virginia and Ireland. Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton b. 1726 - died in 1796, was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Mother Kilwinning, from 1771 until 1796. "Lodge Mother Kilwinning is a Masonic Lodge in Kilwinning, Scotland, under the auspices of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. ... is reputed to be the oldest Lodge not only in Scotland, but the world". Above Montgomerie was elected as one of sixteen Scottish representative peers, in 1776; was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in 1782. Montgomerie died at Eglinton Castle, a mansion in Kilwinning, North Ayrshire, Scotland.
Ca 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836 [in 1805 as the "Edinburgh Encampment No. 31", then became the"Grand Assembly of Knights Templar in Edinburgh"]. The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780. In 1791 - the formation of its first Grand Conclave, with Thomas Dunckerley as Grand Master.
In 1805 their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, became Grand Master himself.
The modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna].
In 1813 Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, became Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and in
December 1813 - above Prince Edward became Grand Master of the Antient Grand Lodge of England.
Mentioned above the Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus, b. 1767, died in 1820, was the fifth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and the father of Queen Victoria!
The Duke of Kent was appointed Field-Marshal of the Forces in 1805. His wife was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld with daughter
Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom.
His mother - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.


The Kościuszko Mound - Presidents of the Committee since 1820: 1820 - 1856 General Franciszek Ksawery Paszkowski
[see Armand and Konstantynowicz in Moscow];
1856 - 1878 Piotr Moszyński [see below];
1878 - 1883 Franciszek Władysław Paszkowski; 1884 - 1917 Stanisław Tarnowski; 1917 - 1926 Franciszek Paszkowski.

Piotr Moszyński - born 1800, young marshal of the Volhynia nobility [see Brody of the Paszkowskis] joined the underground Templar Society
[since 1820 by Captain Franciszek Majewski
{at the beginning in Kilwinning - a town in North Ayrshire, Scotland, about 34 km south of Glasgow. Kilwinning is notable for housing the original Lodge of Freemasonry in Scotland. When the Lodges were renumbered, Kilwinning was kept as Lodge Number '0', the Mother Lodge of Scotland. Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton b. 1723 was the Grand Master Mason of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1750-51. Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton (1726 - 1796) was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Mother Kilwinning, from 1771 until 1796. Montgomerie was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in 1782. 1806 - 1820: The Prince of Wales (afterwards King George IV) was the Grand Master Masons of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. See also the Rosslyn Chapel};
May 1821 in Balta the Patriotic Society with Michal Skibicki, Stanislaw Karwicki, Piotr Moszynski, Feliks Ciszewski; August 1821 in Berdyczow: Colonel Marcin Tarnowski of the Union of Scythemen from the Posen province [see Mielzynski]; in Podolia acted Ludwik Sobanski, in Kiev - Antoni Czarkowski, Anzelm Iwaszkiewicz, Stanislaw Joteyko; others in the Patriotic Society: Mikolaj Worcell, Atanazy Grodecki, Aleksander PROZOR [see Malkiewicz], Franciszek Zaleski, Jan Lipski, NARCYZ OLIZAR, Waclaw Rzewuski, Aleksander Bledowski; Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski and Lukasinski - head border].
Piotr Moszyński died in August 1879; at the funeral, on his coffin was a wreath of thorns. His first wife left him when he was in exile. His second wife, married after returning from Siberia, after ten years of marriage and giving birth to five children, fell into a severe, incurable disease. Son Emmanuel, born in 1843, died in the Battle of Miechow on February 17, 1863; the future President of the Committee was born in 1800 in the village of Łoniów, in the district of Sandomierz; he was elected Speaker of the nobility of Volyn province. Arrested at the beginning of 1826 years and subjected to interrogation by three years of judgment. He was sentenced to 12 years in Siberian exile. Those years spent in Tobolsk [see Krzyzanowski and Trocki - Lenin, Armand, Anna Konstantynowicz]; after returning from Siberia arrived in 1840 to Cracow. This former conspirator turned now in a conservative environment - near to general Franciszek PASZKOWSKI; he was not only The Kościuszko Mound Committee President, but also an honorary member of the Cracow Scientific Society, an active member of the Cracow Agricultural Society and the Society of Mutual Insurance of Fire Damages.


We back to Freemasonry in Poland:

In autumn 1822, after the arrest of Valerian Łukasiński, Lieutenant Colonel Seweryn-Krzyzanowski led the underground Patriotic Society.
In 1824, in Kiev, he established contacts with the Association of the South (later Decembrists). On February 20, 1826 he has been arrested. The court cleared him of the most serious charges, but for belonging to a secret organization sentenced him to 3 years and 3 months of prison. On July 2, 1828, Emperor Nicholas I extended his sentence indefinitely, and put him in the Peter and Paul Fortress in Petersburg. On February 18, 1830 was sent to the province of Tobolsk; KRZYŻANOWSKI Seweryn was son of Tadeusz Krzyżanowski and Maria Szernel / Szornel / Shernel.

In October 1822 Jan Karski, a native of the village Pomiechow / Modlin, was arrested and it was found a letter to Dobrzycki, with numerous names: Uminski, Kniaziewicz, Arnold Skórzewski, General Paszkowski
[General Franciszek Paszkowski in 1816 - 1819 or to 1822 lived in the Great Poland, then in Cracow]!
The captured Karski sang everything he knew, and were arrested Łukasiński, Dobrzycki and Dobrogoyski. They were asked, in Warsaw, on the other generals of the Great Poland;
Umiński replied that General Franciszek Paszkowski refused [acc. to me Paszkowski was secret member of the Union of Scythemen, and he escaped in 1822 to Free City of Cracow],
and General Amilkar Kosinski "lost the good opinions".
Then Maciej Mielzynski reorganized the Union of Scythemen, excluding former members and acquiring 10 - 12 new ones.

We back to 1812:
General Stanislaw Mielżyński was appointed commander of the infantry brigade in the 16th infantry division of General Zajączek. Beside him commanders of brigades in the division were: General Franciszek Paszkowski (II infantry brigade), and General Tyszkiewicz (cavalry brigade); also Zakrzewski and Miaskovsky. At the end of June 1812 a great army crossed the Niemen and entered the lands of the Empire of Russia. On the way to Moscow General Mielżyński participated in many battles, close to Smolensk was wounded.
On September 8, 1815 Mielżyński was officially released from military service and began operations in secret independence organizations, including the Poznan branch of the National Freemasonry. Later, he stood at the head of the Union of Scythemen separated from Freemasonry; he was a member of Freemasonry in the seventh degree and also belonged to several other Masonic lodges: "Knights of the Star", "Brothers of the Union", and was a master of "Humanity".
In February 1826 General Uminski, Joseph Krzyzanowski and Count Maciej Mielzynski were arrested, and transfered in Torun to prison investigators; arrested Wierzbolowski, Szreder, Oborski and Lukasinski, too; Mielzynski was released from the guilt; General Uminski sentenced to 6 years for fortress. Uminski was jaled in Glogow, whence escaped on 17 February 1831. In 1846-1847 Uminski was allowed to settle in Prussia - but outside the Grand Duchy of Poznan; died in 1857 in Wiesbaden.

Above Józef Krzyzanowski:
the deputy head of the Freemasonry in the Poznan province was Joseph Krzyzanowski owner of Pakoslaw, a village in the Rawicz County, in west-central Poland, close to Golejewko, east of Rawicz [see Sulkowski !], south-east of ROKOSOWO [Rokossowski], west of Krotoszyn, ca 24 km south-west of PEPOWO; 20 km south-west-west of BASZKOW of the Mielzynskis!
Pakoslaw in 1764-1791 belonged to Ignatius Wyskota-Zakrzewski, the participant of the Kosciuszko Insurrection, the first constitutional president of Warsaw; in 1791 to Michal Krzyzanowski of Miedzyrzecz [married to Aloysia Gajewski]; then to his son Józef Krzyzanowski senior, who sold Pakoslaw after 1831 to Acerenza-Pignatelli; Józef married Aniela Kolaczkowski. Ca 1860, PAKOSLAW was bought by Stanislaw Czarnecki who married Anna Mielzynska.

Above JOZEF senior of PAKOSLAW:
his parents were
Michal Krzyzanowski of Miedzyrzecz, 1734-1810 + Alojza Anna Gajewska of Blociszewo, 1757-1815.
Above Józef Filip Jakub Krzyzanowski, 1793-1856, FREEMASON + Aniela Julianna Józefa Kolaczkowska, had son
Henryk Franciszek Niepomucen Krzyzanowski 1821-1901 + Józefa Skarbek-Malczewska 1830-1918,
with son Józef Krzyzanowski junior, 1860-1894.

Józef Krzyzanowski senior + Aniela had children:
1. above Henryk Franciszek Niepomucen 1821-1901,
2. Leon Piotr Pawel + Tekla Krzyzanska.
3. Michal Józef Stanislaw 1828-1903,
4. Józefa Aniela Krzyzanowska Lewiecka, 1834-1917,
5. Maria Florentyna Józefa Krzyzanowska 1831-1916 + Napoleon Kreski Count, 1814-1870,
[he was son of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski 1785-1850 + Brygida Dzik-Kozuchowska 1800-1868, and grandson of Joachim Kreski 1723-1795 + Justyna Magnuska 1740-1817.
Joachim Kreski 1723-1795 that is Joachim Kreski / de Kresko Kreski, 1723-1795 and Justyna Magnuska 1740-1817].
Above Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski b. 1785 in Grebanin, close to Baranów and Kepno, d. 1850 - Grebanin. The member of the Zaliwski movement in 1833. His son above named Napoleon 1814-1870 m. above Maria Florentyna Józefa Krzyzanowska 1831-1916. His son in law was Edward Napoleon Kreski 1806-1879.
Above Joachim Kreski Count, born in Kobylagóra / Kobyla Góra in 1723, died in Grebanin, near Baranów. Marriage in 1765, Doruchów, to above Justyna Magnuska born in Kuznica Bobrowska, close to Grabów nad Prosna, the Ostrzeszow county.
Father of Joachim Kreski born in Kobylagóra, was Ignacy Franciszek Ksawery Kreski, b. 1689 in Kepno, d. 1763 in Grebanin, clerk in Wielun and Stawiszyn, before 1756 owner of Myslniów, Kuznica, Szklarka and Zawady in the Ostrzeszow county.
SZKLARKA MYSLNIEWSKA in the Kobylagóra parish was owned by Ignacy Franciszek Ksawery Kreski but in 1756 bought by Psarski. Ignacy Franciszek Ksawery Kreski married to Konstancja Koszutska b. ca 1690, daughter of Piotr Koszutski b. 1640 in Koszuty, clerk in Poznan, and his wife Jadwiga Pstrokonska.

Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin
(next of kin to owners of Wola Pszczolecka; see Ludwik Walewski and his son: Wojciech Walewski 1715-1757, m. 1750 [1740 ?] to Teresa Laszewska b. 1720, with children:
a. Rozalia Walewska b. 1750 [1740 ?] m. Jakub Madalinski;
b. Ludwik 1754-1820 m. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1760
with sons
1. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 m. Maria Radolinska with children: Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, and Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857;
2. Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835 m. to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832, with children:
Ludwik Mieczyslaw Walewski b. 1830, Wanda Walewska b. 1832),
the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski.
She was daughter of Joachim Kreski b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, and she had mother Justyna Magnuska b. 1749 and died 1817 in Grebanin.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (junior) was born ca 1770 ?, son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish. Kasper or Kacper Kiedrzynski born 1740 / 1750 ?, married to Maryanna Arcichowska.
Antoni Aleksy Kiedrzynski, Wojciech, Michal and Wiktoria Rogujska were children of Maciej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1710 - who was brother of Wiktoria (1st). Above Kasper or Kacper Kiedrzynski born 1740 / 1750 was the brother or cousin of above Antoni Aleksy Kiedrzynski.

Ignacy Franciszek Ksawery Kreski, b. 1689 in Kepno, d. 1763 in Grebanin, in 1756 owner of Myslniów, Kuznica, Szklarka and Zawady in the Ostrzeszow county, sold to Psarski; 1719 m. Konstancja Koszutska daughter of Piotr and Jadwiga Pstrokonski, with:
a) Halina m. in 1754 in Rychwal, to Rupniewski,
b) Ludwina m. Ignacy Dobrzycki,
c) Cecylia Katarzyna b. 1719 in Swiecin,
d) Joachim Kreski, b. 1723, d. 1795 in Grebanin, officer in Ostrzeszow, estate in Grebanina, m. in 1765, in Kuznica Bobrowska, to Justyna Magnuska d. 1817 in Grebanin, daughter of Józef, with:
1. Adam Jan Ewangelista Franciszek b. 1772, m. 1795 in Grebanin, to Psarska,
2. Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska b. 1774, m. 1804 in Grebanin, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish
(Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski. She was daughter of Joachim Kreski b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, and she had mother Justyna Magnuska b. 1749 and died 1817 in Grebanin),
3. Wiktoria Ewa b. 1776, Grebanin, m. Rafal Nerski of Grebanin,
4. Elzbieta b. 1780, m. 1807 in Grebanin, to Konstanty Rekowski d. 1837, owner of Borzewisko, Captain,
5. Salomea Elzbieta Cecylia b. 1767 in Grebanin,
6. Franciszek Maksymilian b. 1782, d. 1791,
7. Gaudenty Walenty Ignacy b. 1778,
8. Norbert Antoni Ignacy b. 1769, d. 1770 Grebanin,
9. Florian Stanislaw Józef (below!),
10. Konstanty Hermenegild b. 1785, d. 1850 in Grebanin, officer in Iwanowice, the Czestochowa county, m. 1818 to Brygida Kozuchowska 1794, d. 1868 in Grebanin, daughter of Antoni and Agnieszka Skrzypinski.
See Kozuchowski in my domain! Children of Konstanty:
a) Napoleon b. 1814 / 1817, d. 1870 in Zurawiniec, m. Maria Krzyzanowska [Maria Florentyna Józefa Krzyzanowska 1831-1916 m. Napoleon Kreski, 1814-1870, son of Konstanty Hermenegild, and grandson of Joachim Kreski 1723- 1795];
b) Antonina 1823-51, m. 1846, to Edward Kreski owner of Maslowice, son of Florian,
c) Justyna 1821 - 1844 in Grebanin,
d) Ignacy b. 1829 in Grebanin.
Rokutow - 6 km south-east of Grodzisko, north-east of Pleszew, in the Grodzisko parish - 9 km north-east of Pleszew, close to Grodzisko, Pacanowice, Pardelak, Rokutów and Orpiszewek 10 km west of Pleszew.

Above Florian Stanislaw Józef Kreski born in 1771 in Grebanin - died in 1838, he was owner of Maslowice, m. 1803 in Weglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karsnicka b. ca 1794, d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert and Józefa Maslowski, with:
a. Laura Rozamunda b. 1805 in Grebanin, d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, daughter of Marcin and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,
b) above Natalia Marianna b. in 1804 in Grebanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski owner of Pstrokonie, son of Ludwik Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski, 1802-1835),
c) Edward Napoleon born in 1806, Weglewice, d. 1879, owner of Maslowice, judge in Wielun, owner estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Lazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Lask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kreska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild and Brygida Kozuchowski, 3rd m. in 1852 in Maslowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy, his children:
1. Konstanty 1840, Grebanin,
2. Ewelina 1842 Panki, d. 1849 in Maslowice,
3. Kamila Antonina 1843 Lask, d. 1845 in Ruda,
4. Wlodzimierz Ksawery Edward 1852 in Breslau / Wroclaw,
5. Zofia 1852 in Wroclaw, m. Roman Taczanowski,
6. Kazimierz Ludwik 1855 in Wroclaw, m. Maria Jasienczyk Radonska,
7. Jadwiga d. 1895 in Starzenice, m. 1870 in Ruda, to Józef Pomian Lubienski 1843-1909, son of Napoleon.

And a note at margin:
Antoni Krzyzanowski (1808 in Poznan, d. 1895), carpenter, builder, entrepreneur, social worker, received orders for projects of court buildings in Pakoslaw (commissioned by Emilia Sczaniecka) and manor in Posadowo (commissioned by Antoni Lacki). He was son of Wincenty + Magdalena Gayzler; m. Marianna Ciszewski.

And brief note on Trocki:
Summer 1879, David Bronstein, with wife Anneta Zivotovski / Anna nee Zywotowska and children: Aleksandr b. 1870, and Elizavieta b. 1875, (David Bronstein was living the first close to Poltava) moved to Janovka in the Elisavietgrad county, Cherson government (now here is village Breslavka); the estate bought from wife of Janovski; Lejb Bronstein / Lev was born in 1879 October, in Janovka, and in 1883 Olga was born here.
David Bronstein had bussiness in Cherson, Odessa and Nikolaiev / Nikolajev; 1910 or 1912 died Anneta Zivotovski.
David Bronstein died in 1922.
Lejba / Lev studied in Odessa, in 1888 - 1895; moved to Nikolaiev / Nikolajev in 1895 or 1896; 1898 jailed in Odessa, and send in Siberie; escaped in Summer of 1902: taken false surname from somebody of Odessa - Trocki, next to
Samara, to G. M. Kzyzanovsky / Gleb Krzyzanowski; then Trocki moved to Charkiv, Poltava and Kiev; and abroad to Viena, Zurich, Paris, in Oct. (?) 1902 to London, to the Lenin home, after a
letter from Samara, from G. M. Kzyzanovsky / Gleb Krzyzanowski;
1905 - 1907 Petersburg; 1914-1916 West Europe; jailed in Spain 1916; 1916 / 1917 in USA; 1926 - 1927 fought with Stalin, 1928 Alma-Ata, 1929 Turkiye. His wife Aleksandra Sokolowska, m. in 1899 in Moscow. His brother Aleksandr was owner of factory in Bobrinca; Olga was living in Elisavietgrad. Brother of his mother: D. L. Zivotovski/ Zywotowski.

Krzyzanowski, Gleb Maksimilianovich / Gleb Maximilianowitsch Krschischanowski that is Gleb Krzyzanowski, b. 12 January or 24 Jan. 1872 in Samara, d. 31 March 1959 in Moscow; Krzhizhanovsky came from a noble family, the Soviet statesman, his father
Maximilian Nikolaevich Krzyzanowski / Maksymilian Krzyzanowski was of Polish origin, his mother was Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg / Elvira Rosenberg, a German;
he studied at the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology, from which he graduated in 1894 with success as an engineer; he was interested in revolutionary movements in 1891 at one of the first Marxist circles in the former Russian Empire; 1893, he temporarily was the leadership of the Marxist struggle for the liberation of the German working class in St. Petersburg, there in 1893 he met the young Vladimir Ulyanov Lenin; at that time had begun his revolutionary activities; December 1895, arrested and exiled to Eastern Siberia in February 1897; Krzhizhanovsky participated in all Russian revolutions since 1905; 1904 he was a member of the Central Committee of the RSDLP, which he compared with the Mensheviks left; 1902 he initiated in Samara, an office of the Social Democratic revolutionary newspaper Iskra; 1903 to 1905 he lived in Kiev, where he was employed at a railway station;
his wife from 1899 - Zinaida Nevzorov (1869 - 1948); his mother Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg, from German, his father Maximilian Nikolajewicz Krzyzanowski was living in Samara;
his grandfather Mikolaj Krzyzanowski
[? born ca 1800; maybe Ignacy Mikołaj Krzyżanowski b. 1799 in Brudzew, came from Adam Krzyżanowski 1765 - 1848 + Helena Karolina Majeranowska 1764 - 1838, and his father was
Wojciech Krzyżanowski Count of Czarnocin b. ca 1720 / 1730 + Wiktoria Małachowska with friends: Mysłakowski, Sikorowski, Chopin; grandfather was Mikołaj Krzyżanowski
of Skórzno, Count, born maybe ca 1680, died after 1716];

Mikolaj Krzyzanowski was exiled to Tobolsk, and he was the enemy of Russia, was a Decembrist, died in Tobolsk.

And back again to Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira (see Ascher Ginsberg!), Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk; he was a poor invalid, both his feet are paralyzed, and he never quits his chamber; his company, M. Onufry Pietraszkiewicz, his nurse, a German [?? - Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg, from Baltic German or German ? born ca 1840].


Johann August Starck / Stark (1741 - 1816)
was a author and the Königsberg theologian, best remembered for arguing that an Illuminati
{the Bavarian Illuminati, a secret society founded in 1776. "The society's goals were to oppose superstition, obscurantism, religious influence over public life and abuses of state power. ... The Illuminati - along with Freemasonry and other secret societies - were outlawed through edict, by the Bavarian ruler, Charles Theodore, with the encouragement of the Roman Catholic Church, in 1784, 1785, 1787 and 1790. ... the group was vilified by conservative and religious critics who claimed that they continued underground and were responsible for the French Revolution..."}
led conspiracy, which led to the outbreak of the Revolution in France 1789 {see Jean Philippe GARRAN DE COULON and Maleszewski with Poniatowski}.
Immanuel Kant and Johann Georg Hamann were among his acquaintances in Königsberg. In 1776 went to Mitau [Courland; at margin see Komorowski] and took place here as professor of philosophy until 1781 when he back to Darmstadt.
1767 or 1768 - J. A. von Stark / STARCK has established a new sect, which grew out of Clirici Ordinis Templariorum / Clerics of the Knights Templar;
he was in 1761 initiated into a French freemasonry lodge at Göttingen but left for St. Petersburg in 1761, while teaching in St. Petersburg, Starck had met a Greek by the name of Count Peter Melesino / Melissino, 1726-97, a lieutenant-general in the Russian Imperial Army, and whose order of freemasonry claimed the clerics of the Templar Knights; then traveled to Paris in 1765 and obtained a position at the royal library; back to Germany, in Wismar (1766-8). Starck promoted the clerical brand of Templarism
[see: in France in 1749; in 1750 in French Brittany; see Count Belford who had flown from Scotland to Russia; in Ireland 1750/1760 or since ca 1758-1760; on 24th June 1758 in Tipperary at Lodge No 296 (see below) with Sir Chas. A. CAMERON; Berlin in 1760; in Ireland in 1765 - Sir Edward Gilmore]
and in 1768 joined it to movement of Karl Gotthelf von Hund (1722-76), a union formalized in 1772. He helped found a Strict Observance lodge at Wismar (1767), returned to St. Petersburg in 1768, presumably on freemasonry business, back in Königsberg in 1769 where he lived next door to Immanuel Kant.
1769 - in Boston, New England, was established the Provincial Grand Lodge, under the auspices of Scotland.

The text below is under copyright by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Michael_Ramsay
[see: Andrew Mansfield, Ideas of monarchical reform... Jacobitism and the political works of the Chevalier Ramsay. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015; Christopher Hodapp, Alice Von Kannon, The Templar Code for Dummies, by Wiley Publishing Inc., 2007]:
"Andrew Michael Ramsay (1686 - 1743), commonly called the Chevalier Ramsay, was a Scottish-born writer who lived most of his adult life in France. He was a Baronet in the Jacobite Peerage. Ramsay was born in Ayr, Scotland, the son of a baker. In 1710 he visited François Fénelon in the Netherlands ... remained in France until 1724 ... 1724, Ramsay was sent to Rome ... Ramsay was associated with the court party of John Erskine, Duke of Mar ... 1724 Ramsay was back in Paris. Ramsay was in England in 1730 ... died at St Germain-en-Laye ... 1743.
... Ramsay was associated with Freemasonry from its introduction in France (1725 - 1726). Charles Radclyffe, Earl of Derwentwater, who acted as Grand Master for France beginning in 1736, was present at Ramsay's funeral. It is presumed that Ramsay's being a Mason facilitated his introduction into the Gentleman's Club of Spalding, of which the prominent Masonic propagator John Theophilus Desaguliers was then also a member.
In 1737 Ramsay wrote his: Discourse pronounced at the reception of Freemasons by Monsieur de Ramsay, Grand Orator of the Order, in which he connected Freemasonry with the Crusader knights. His own stature as a Knight of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem may have inspired him, or perhaps even his zeal to propagate an alleged tradition linked to the house of Bouillon. ... To Ramsay's letter of 20 March 1737 came Cardinal Fleury's reply at the end of March interdicting all Masonic reunions. It is frequently mistakenly repeated that Ramsey mentioned the Knights Templar in his Discourse, when in fact he did not mention the Order at all - he mentioned the Knights Hospitaller. But perceptive listeners would have understood his mention of the Crusader knights to be an indirect reference to the Knights Templar, the memory of whom was still controversial in France and may have led to the Pope's indictment of the organization a year later".

Above John Theophilus Desaguliers - b. 1683, d. 1744, was a French-born British natural philosopher, engineer and freemason who was elected to the Royal Society in 1714 as assistant to Isaac Newton. "...As a Freemason, Desaguliers was instrumental in the establishment of the first Grand Lodge formed in London in 1717 and served as their third Grand Master. He helped James Anderson draw up the rules in the "Constitutions of the Freemasons", published in 1723 ... trip to the Netherlands in 1731 Desaguliers initiated into Freemasonry - Francis, Duke of Lorraine (1708 - 1765) who later became Holy Roman Emperor. Desaguliers also presided when Frederick, Prince of Wales, became a Freemason in 1737, and he additionally became a chaplain to the Prince".

Charles Radclyffe, Earl of Derwentwater - b. 1693, d. 1746, was the youngest son of Edward Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater and Lady Mary Tudor. "...Charles Radclyffe was allegedly Grand Master of the Priory of Sion, succeeding Sir Isaac Newton in that role. Lawrence Gardner asserts that he was linked to the bloodline of the Grail through his mother, Lady Mary Tudor, the illegitimate daughter of King Charles II of England. The Radclyffes were, however, also descended from Ivo de Tailbois, an illegitimate son of the Count of Anjou, and therefore descended from the Merovingian bloodline directly. Charles Radclyffe along with the Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay was responsible of the introduction of Scottish Rite Freemasonry to continental Europe".

John Erskine, Duke of Mar - (1675 - 1732), Scottish Jacobite, was the eldest son of the Charles, Earl of Mar, from whom he inherited estates; "...meeting many Highland chieftains at Aboyne, Mar avowed an earnest desire for the independence of Scotland. At Braemar on 6 September 1715, he proclaimed James VIII King of Scotland, England, France and Ireland, thus beginning the Jacobite rising of 1715. ... Mar first married Lady Margaret Hay on 6 April 1703, daughter of Thomas Hay, 7th Earl of Kinnoull. She bore him a son, Thomas [he died without issue], in 1705. ... Mar married for his second wife Lady Frances Pierrepont, daughter of the 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull". The chief of Clan Erskine, John Erskine, 22nd Earl of Mar had traveled to London in 1714 expecting the post of Secretary of State of Scotland. However he was not given the job and as a result he became a Jacobite. The Earl of Mar then fled Scotland to Saint-Germain in France, whereupon he betrayed his Jacobite associates. He lost his line of the Earldom of Mar and it was not restored until 1824. Kildrummy Castle was the seat of the Clan Erskine until it was abandoned after the failed Jacobite Uprisings in 1716. And also Corgarff Castle, Kellie Castle, and the Rosslyn Castle - Roslin Castle near the village of Roslin in Midlothian, Scotland. It is located around 9 miles south of Edinburgh; only a few hundred metres from the famous Rosslyn Chapel. Rosslyn Chapel, formally known as the Collegiate Chapel of St Matthew; "...the chapel has also featured in speculative theories concerning a connection of Freemasonry, the Knights Templar and the Holy Grail. ... The chapel has been a burial place for several generations of the Sinclairs ... containing (variously) ... the Holy Grail, the treasure of the Templars, or the original crown jewels of Scotland. The chapel became the subject of speculation regarding its supposed connection with the Knights Templar or Freemasonry beginning in the 1980s. ... Numerous books were published after 2003 to cater to the popular interest in supposed connections between Rosslyn Chapel, Freemasonry, the Templars and the Holy Grail generated by Brown's novel. ... has many Templar symbols, such as the "Two riders on a single horse" that appear on the Seal of the Knights Templar. William Sinclair 3rd Earl of Orkney, Baron of Roslin and 1st Earl of Caithness, claimed by novelists to be a hereditary Grand Master of the Scottish stonemasons, built Rosslyn Chapel. A later William Sinclair of Roslin became the first Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland and, subsequently, several other members of the Sinclair family have held this position".

Note on above named Tipperary [more at my domain]:
1.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829 in Paris, France, d. 1904 / 1908 in London, England; he was son of John O'Meara - b. 1797 in Borrisokane, Co Tipperary, central part of Ireland, south-west of Dublin; died 1867 in Paris. Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was {Thomas Bulkeley O'MEARA 1829-1904 married 1855, Paris to Marie Camille BLOT b. 1836} father of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara b. 1861; Henrie Marie Bulkeley b. 1857, Charles Louis Thomas b. 1862, John Herbert Lewis b. 1860, and Camille Alfred O'Meara.
Camille Alfred O'Meara b. 1858 in Piltown - south-east of Ireland, d. ?; son of Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara and Marie Camille; husband of Rosalee Julia nee Guilloux; from this family was Louis Fançois Marie GUILLOUX, b. 1899 in Saint-Brieuc, France, his father was a socialist activist of 'Proudhonism'; Guilloux befriended the philosophy tutor Georges Palante, an anarchist. Camille Alfred O'Meara was father of Rose Julie Taylor, Harry O'Meara, Charlie O'Meara, Tom O'Meara, Alf O'Meara, Pat and Camille Cammie; half brother of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - was half brother of Josephine Camille O'Meara
{Joséphine Camille O'MEARA 1828-1907 married 1853, in Paris to Charles Victor Joseph DUBOIS 1818-1875 with the first child:
Marie Eugénie DUBOIS 1858-1903 married to Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882 with children:
Madeleine BREGUET 1878-1900,
Louis BREGUET 1880-1955,
Jacques BREGUET 1881-1939 (SEE: a airplane engines and magneto branches in the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company).

Madeleine BREGUET 1878-1900: married Jacques Bizet b. 10.07.1872, d. 1922, his parents:
Georges Bizet b. 25.10.1838 (parents: Adolphe Armand Bizet b. 1810, Aimee Marie Louise Leopoldine Josephine Delsarte b. 1814) and Genevieve Halevy b. 1849; mentioned Georges Bizet / Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer (opera 'Carmen')}
and Mathihilde O'Meara {Mathilde Pauline Marie O'MEARA b. 1835, married in 1858 to Victor CHEVREUL},
and also:
Anna Elisa O'MEARA 1831-1914 married 1856 to John The Salt King CORBETT 1817-1901;
and Alfred Léon Jean O'MEARA 1834-1899 who married in 1862, Calcutta in India, to Mary Anne PRICE-BROWNE with children:
Walter Alfred O'MEARA 1863-1939 married 1892 to Annie Mary McKinnon GRAVES;
Frederick Arthur O'MEARA 1864-1887,
Anna Beatrice Edith O'MEARA 1865 married 1886, Lahore (Pakistan), to Sir Ernest de BRATH 1858-1933;
Bulkeley Ernest Adolphus O'MEARA 1867-1916 married to Edith HINES;
Marie Alice Emma O'MEARA 1867-1867;
Charles Albert Edmund O'MEARA 1868-1923 married 1900, Umballa (India), to Mabel Katherine HILL;
Florence Agnes Elizabeth O'MEARA 1869 married 1890, Umballa (India), to Herbert WALTON;
Herbert Harry William O'MEARA 1873;
Camille Gertrude O'MEARA 1877 married, Bombay (India), to Gordon Hay ANDERSON 1877.

Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was born on the 9th December 1829 in Paris and died at Addison Gardens, London, in 1904; he was
secretary of the Cercle Imperial Club in Paris, was a cashier in Salt Manufacturing of his brother-in-law's company at Stoke Prior in England, and finally was a wine merchant;
married to Marie Camille nee Blot. Parents of above named Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829: John O'MEARA 1797-1867 and Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK 1809-1889. Acc. to http://gw.geneanet.org: parents of mentioned John O'Meara: Jack O'MEARA and Ann MORAN.

2.
Famous
Sidney Reilly was son of George and Pauline Reilly of the Irish town of Clonmel.
Acc. to US records: Father of Sidney, George Reilly come from the Irish town of Clonmel - County Tipperary, southern Ireland by the Tipperary river; west of Waterford and Ballyhale in the east - south Ireland. Pauline or Bridget Reilly wife of Sidney Reilly was from Clonmel, too.


See Scotland, Ireland, Ceylon - tea, and Bengal:
1. Alexander Ramsay, Lieutenant to the 57th Bengal Native Infantry, died at Lahore in 1855, was son of Colonel Michael Ramsay who served the Bengal Infantry; born at Calcutta, 1821.
2. Balcarres Dalrymple Wardlaw Ramsay, Lieutenant-Colonel, died on 26th January 1885 in Rome, Italy; b. 17 Sept. 1822, son of Robert Wardlaw Ramsay of Tillicoultry and of Whitehill {Tillicoultry is located 18 km east of Stirling! Whitehill - 15 km south-east of Edinburgh [see ROSSLYN]}; Bonn Univ.; Lt.-Col. of the 75th Regt. in 1870; A.D.C. to Sir George Arthur, Gov. of Bombay, and to Sir Colin Campbell in India; ret. in 1877. Married in 1851 to Anne, daughter of Edward Collins of Frowlesworth, Leicestershire.
3. George Spottisworde Ramsay, Lieutenant of the Royal Artillery, died 7th June 1873 in Bangalore.

And now on Sir William Stirling of Ardoch, 4th Bt. who was the son of Sir Henry Stirling of Ardoch, 3rd Bt.; he married Christian Erskine, daughter of John Erskine and Anne Stirling, in 1762, died 1799. Children of Sir William Stirling of Ardoch, 4th Bt. and Christian Erskine were:
1. Mary Stirling d. 1847, 2. Margaret Stirling, 3. unknown daughter Stirling.
Above Mary Stirling married Ebenezer Oliphant, son of Laurence Oliphant, 6th of Condie and Margaret Murray, in 1790. Children of Mary Stirling and Ebenezer Oliphant: Laurence Oliphant, 8th of Condie b. 1791; William Oliphant b. 1792; Anthony Oliphant b. 1793 [see below about tea]; Christian Oliphant b. 1795; Lt. Col. James Oliphant b. 1796; and Thomas Oliphant b. 1799.
Above named Christian Erskine was the daughter of John Erskine and Anne Stirling. Above John Erskine was born 1695, and was the son of Lt. Col. John Edmund Erskine and Anna Dundas.

When the Oliphant family left Ceylon, the estate sold to Sir Harry Dias. Sir Anthony Oliphant's tea estate, the Oliphant Estate, was situated in the hill country in Nuwara Eliya - 55 km south-east-south of Kandy, east of Colombo, 26 km east of Hatton, close to Lindula and Meepilimana - was the first estate to grow tea in Ceylon; Anthony [see below !] and his son Laurence junior are the first people to grow tea in Ceylon. Sir Anthony's son, above Laurence Oliphant, went on become a Member of the House of Commons. Laurence Oliphant was the only child of Sir Anthony Oliphant (1793 - 1859), a member of the Scottish landed gentry. Laurence spent his early childhood in Colombo, and the Oliphant Estate in Nuwara Eliya. In 1848 - 1849, he was in Europe, 1851 to Nepal, returned to Ceylon, travel in Russia at the Black Sea in 1853 (Odessa ?), then to 1861 Oliphant was secretary to Lord Elgin; visited the Circassian coast during the Crimean War. 1861 Oliphant was appointed the First Secretary of the British Legation in Japan, a visit to Korea, where he discovered a Russian force; met Alice le Strange, married in London, 1872. In 1879, Oliphant left for Palestine, where he promoted Jewish settlement for Jewish suffering in Eastern Europe. This was the first wave of Jewish settlement by Zionists in 1882 in the Galilee. Oliphant settled in Haifa, and on Mount Carmel. In 1888, in the United States married to Rosamond, a granddaughter of Robert Owen.

Freemasons and Scotland:
The Grand Lodge of Russia: 1731, when the Grand Lodge of England appointed a Captain John Phillips as Provincial Grand Master of Russia and Germany, masonry in Russia was mainly the preserve of foreign residents.
In 1741 a Scots Jacobite, James Keith (1696- 1758), who fought in the Russian and Prussian service, was Master under the English system; at St. Petersburg in 1771. 1772 the first native Provincial Grand Master, Ivan Yelagin (1725-94), secretary to Catherine. Novikov was imprisoned in 1792, and by 1794 all lodges were forced to close. The Grand Lodge Astrea, founded at St. Petersburg in 1815.
Above James Francis Edward Keith b. 1696, a Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, a Jacobite, was born at Inverugie Castle near Peterhead - north of Aberdeen in eastern Scotland, the second son of William, 9th Earl Marischal of Scotland who b. ca 1664, and was also a Jacobite politician of Scotland. His parents were the army officer George Keith, 8th Earl Marischal (d. 1694) and the courtier Lady Mary Hay, the daughter of the 2nd Earl of Kinnoull - 2 km east of Perth. William, 9th Earl Marischal of Scotland married Mary Drummond, daughter of James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth and his first wife, Lady Jane Douglas (d. 1678), the fourth daughter of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas - ca 58 km south-east of Glasgow. Above named Inverugie is north of Aberdeen, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Mentioned above James Francis Edward Keith b. 1696, in 1728 set out for service in Russia, where he spent nearly twenty years, in 1747 Keith joined the army of Frederick the Great of Prussia. He was also one of the first Freemasons active in Russia. In the Russo- Swedish War 1741 - 1743, Keith was Vice-Roy of Finland.

A French trader, Estienne Morin, of the Masonry in Bordeaux since 1744, in 1747, founded an Scots Masters Lodge in the French colony of Saint-Domingue; next 1764 at New Orleans, Mother Supreme Council at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1801. John Mitchell, born in Ireland in 1741, was the first Grand Commander of the Supreme Council.

The Grand Lodge of Antient, Free and Accepted Masons of Scotland was founded in 1736 - below a few members of the Masonic Lodge are shown:
William Amherst, 3rd Earl Amherst (1836 - 1910), British nobleman and politician;
John Arbuthnot (Kincardineshire, 30 km south of Aberdeen in 1667 - 1735), a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London, the Scriblerus Club;
1739: John Keith, 3rd Earl of Kintore;
1740: James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton, b. 1702, was a Scottish astronomer, President of the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh;
1746: Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan;
1750: Thomas Erskine, Lord Erskine;
1757: Sholto Douglas, Lord Aberdour;
1765: Thomas Erskine, 6th Earl of Kellie;
1788: Francis Douglas, Lord Elcho;
1792: George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton;
1800: Sir James Stirling, 1st Bt., Lord Provost of Edinburgh, (b. 1740 - d. 1805) his wife was Alison Mansfield, b. 1750, children: 1. Sir Gilbert Stirling, Baronet, b. ca 1779, of Uppal, Midlothian, Scotland, 2. Janet Stirling, of Midlothian, married Livingstone. Named above Sir James Stirling in the West Indies had made his fortune, Secretary to Archibald Stirling of Keir, Secretary of Sir Charles Dalling, the Governor of Jamaica, the banking house of Mansfield, Ramsay, & Co. [see above about RAMSAY in Bengal];
1833: Henry Erskine, 12th Earl of Buchan.

Interesting!
1. Rudolf Jakob von Gernet born on 30 December 1864 in Sellenkull, Poenal, Laanemaa, (Sellenkull = Seljakula, Seljaküla close to Keedika. North-east of Haapsalu - 27 km and south-west of Lehola) Estonia. A doctor, who was latterly appointed by the Boer authorities to superintend the hospital, by James Francis Harry St. Clair-Erskine Rosslyn. Rudolf Jakob von Gernet, migrated to South Africa in the late nineteen nineties together with his wife Olga Antoinette Vera von Dehn.
2. Jean / Jane Wilhelmina Stirling 1804 - 1859 was a Scottish amateur pianist, took Chopin on a tour of England and Scotland in 1848; her father was John Stirling, Laird of Kippendavie, at Kippenross House, near Dunblane in Perthshire, and was descended from a noble Scottish family. She was placed under the charge of her widowed sister, Mrs Katherine Erskine - from 1826, she and her sister divided their life between Scotland and Paris; met Chopin in 1840 / 1842 / 1843. The Stirlings of Kippendavie, Perthshire, and Carden in the Stirlingshire, are cadets of the Keir family. The ancestor of the Kippendavie branch was Archibald Stirling, son of Archibald Stirling of Keir, to whom his father gave the lands of Kippendavie in 1594. John Stirling of Kippendavie married Mary, 2d daughter of William Graham, b. ca 1730, and had a son, Patrick (not at list below!), who married in 1810, Catherine Georgina, 2d daughter of John Wedderburn, Esq. of Spring Garden, Jamaica. He died 1860, leaving the elder son, John Stirling, Esq. of Kippendavie, born in 1811.
Children of above mentioned Mary Graham and John Stirling, 6th of Kippendavie, b. 1742, m. 1781:
1. Katherine, 2. Ann Stirling, 3. Mary, 4. Margaret Douglas, 5. William Stirling, of Kenmure and Jamaica, b. 1787, 6. John Stirling, of Grogar and Blackgrane, b. 1788, 7. James Stirling, of Glentyan, 8. Charles Stirling, 1st of Gargunnock, b. 1796, 9. Sylvester Douglas Stirling, of Glenbervie / Woodside, b. 1803, and
10. above JANE / Jean Wilhelmina Stirling, b. 1804.
Above mentioned John Stirling, 6th of Kippendavie 1742 - 1816, had parents:
Patrick Stirling, 4th of Kippendavie, b. 1704 and mother Margaret Douglas.
Patrick Stirling, 4th of Kippendavie b. 1704 - 1745, had children: Patrick Stirling, 5th of Kippendavie - junior, b. 1734, and above John Stirling, 6th of Kippendavie, b. 1742. Patrick Stirling, 4th of Kippendavie had father: Charles Stirling, 3rd of Kippendavie, b. 1680 - 1736.

Freemasons in Russia and Poland:
1. Michal Kazimierz Oginski, duke, b. 1728 or 1730 / 1731 died 1800 in Slonim or Warsaw; General, cousin of Andrzej Ignacy Oginski - freemason.
Michal Kleofas Oginski - freemason.
2. Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich / Sandro b. 1866 - freemason, and near by military intelligence headquarters. Vice-Admiral was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Military Air Fleet, in 1914 or 1915 Inspector of Aviation; aide-de-camp to Nicholas II, an old friend of the Tsar and married to his sister Xenia.
3. Andrzej Ignacy Oginski b. 1740, Freemason; 1772 in Vienna wanted to establish failed contact with the French Ambassador, de Rohan; was talking with the British Ambassador in Vienna, David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield.
David Murray b. 1727 d. 1796, known as The Viscount Stormont from 1748 to 1793; Minister to Saxony and Poland, 1755-1763; Ambassador to Austria, 1763-1772; Ambassador to France, 1772-1778; married 1st Henrietta Frederica Bunau, daughter of the British ambassador to Saxony - child, Elizabeth Murray b. 1760 in Warsaw, and she was friend of Dido Elizabeth Belle b. 1761; David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield married secondly Louisa Cathcart, they had five children - Caroline, David, George, Charles, and Henry.
4. A daughter of Alexander Gruzinsky - Princess Darejan or Daria Aleksandrovna Gruzinskaya died 1796, was married to Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy / Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj (1760-1817) with four children, including Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy (29 August 1790 - 22 November 1860) who was one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement and was a freemason.
5. Parvus, the future moneybags for the Bolsheviks and arranger of Lenin's return to Petrograd on the sealed train, first made his fortune in the Salonika-Constantinople grain trade run by Volpi's freemasonic associates. Many of the Polish Bolsheviks who played an important role in the early days of Dzerzhinsky's Cheka, had been run by Parvus. In the tiny Balkan kingdom of Montenegro, whose economy and royal house were owned by Volpi from approximately the tum of the century, the Russian military attache from 1903 to 1915 was N. M. Potapov. Out of this apparent backwater, Potapov in 1915 vaulted to the position of Quartermaster General of the Russian Army.
6. Alexander Pushkin back in 1824 from Odessa to Mikhailovsky, was in Kolpino, close to present city Pustoshka. In those years it was owned by Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot-Zenovich senior, a member of the Masonic Lodge in St. Petersburg. Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz junior b. ca 1830, son of Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800 (grandson of Anna Despot-Zenowicz nee Niemirowicz-Szczytt); The Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz senior (c. 1802 - d. ?), was brother of mentioned Jan. Father of above Jan: Michał Despot-Zenowicz, b. ca 1770? Grandfather Antoni Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1730. In the second half of the XIX century, owner of the Kolpino estate was Stanislav Wrangell (1844-1913) - son of the famous physician Carl Philipp von Wrangel Gyubentalya (1786-1858). Carl Wrangel was married twice. From his first wife Constance, he had two sons. After the death of Constance in 1832, he married Anna Yurevich / Jurewicz. In 1844 they had a son Stanislav, the future judge and the owner of the estate in Kolpino. Anna Jurevich had three estates in Vitebsk - Kolpino, Reblino and Zabel. Kolpino belonged to her mother, nee Despot-Zenovich. Originally, the estate was owned by the Duchess of Polonia Oginska.
7. Others - in 1763, Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath; 1767 Ford Lambart, 5th Earl of Cavan; 1770 William FitzGerald, Marquess of Kildare; 1874 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn; 1886 James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn.

Above mentioned Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath b. 1714 - d. 1792; was an Irish peer and freemason; his father John Nugent, 5th Earl of Westmeath. Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath was appointed Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1763, a post he held for the following four years. Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath, by his first wife, Mary Stapleton, had one son Richard Nugent, Lord Delvin (1742 - 1761); by his second wife, Catherine White, he had three sons and one daughter:
among others George Frederick Nugent, 7th Earl of Westmeath (1760 - 1814).

Named above Richard Nugent, Lord Delvin (1742 - 1761) was an Irish duellist and Member of Parliament, was the eldest son of mentioned above Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath and adopted the courtesy title of Lord Delvin in 1754; was challenged to a duel by Capt. George Reilly.

Named above George Frederick Nugent, 7th Earl of Westmeath PC (1760 - 1814), married Maryanne Jeffries, divorced, 1797 in Westmeath remarried Lady Elizabeth Moore, daughter of Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda; had several children of the first marriage: among others George Nugent junior, 1st Marquess of Westmeath [see below]. There were five children of the second marriage, Robert, Thomas, Elizabeth, Catherine and Mary.

Above George Thomas John Nugent, 1st Marquess of Westmeath (1785 - 1871), The Earl of Westmeath between 1814 and 1821, was an Irish peer, was born in Clonyn, County Westmeath - the son of George Frederick Nugent, 7th Earl of Westmeath, and Marianne / Maryanne Jeffries, daughter of Major James St. John Jefferyes. George Thomas John Nugent, 1st Marquess of Westmeath, Lord Westmeath was married three times. He married firstly Lady Emily Anne Bennet Elizabeth Cecil [d. 1858], daughter of James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury; he married, secondly, Maria Jervis; married, lastly, Elizabeth Charlotte Verner.



Please remember about:
Michael Anton Nugent b. ca 1750 / 1758, who was the father of
1. Johann Nugent b. 1796, and
2. Laval Graf Nugent von Westmeath 1777 - 1862, who was served the armies of Austria and the Two Sicilies; born at Ballynacor, in Ireland.

Here it's one of the most important keys to solving the mystery of how Irish Freemasonry influenced the development of conspiracy among the Baltics Germans, and also on conspiracy of Poles in Belarus and central Poland. The linkages of the Nugent family from Ireland with von Benckendorff and the Croy families of Estonia and Latvia is only the beginning of a system that leads us to the Polish Livonia [Malkiewicz, Konstantynowicz, Plater Zyberk, SZADURSKI], to Courland [for sample Komorowski ?], on Samogitia [von RONNE, Oginski, Pilsudski, Mielzynski {to Krotoszyn, Leszno, Rawicz - with the SULKOWSKIS}, Bilewicz, Ozieblowski and so on {with KALINOWSKI - Wola Pszczolecka, Walewski, Kreski, Bleszynski and to TRUBECKI, Konstantynowicz - Armand - Paszkowski...}].

Acc. to my search, Michael NUGENT was a brother of John Nugent {born 1760 ?} who lived at Merrion Square, Dublin, Ireland; John married Mary Gregg. John was the father of Walter Nugent, 1st Baron Nugent {b. ca 1800 ?} who married Georgiana Elizabeth Jenkinson {with daughter Helen Georgina Nugent born 1842 who lived in Cornacassa, the County of Monaghan}.
Above Walter Nugent, 1st Baron Nugent lived in Mullingar, Westmeath, Ireland and in NAPOLI, was died in 1864; was the son of above John Nugent and Mary Gregg.
Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath b. 1714 - d. 1792; was an Irish peer and freemason; his father John Nugent, 5th Earl of Westmeath. Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath was appointed Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1763, a post he held for the following four years. Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath by his first wife, Mary Stapleton, had one son Richard Nugent, Lord Delvin (1742 - 1761); by his second wife, Catherine White, had three sons and one daughter:
among others George Frederick Nugent, 7th Earl of Westmeath (1760 - 1814)
[his brothers, acc. to my research:
above named Michael or Michael Anton Nugent b. ca 1750 / 1758 and mentioned
John Nugent born ca 1760 who lived at Merrion Square, Dublin].

Ancestors of Johann Laval Anton Maria Viktor, count Nugent-Pallavicini-Centurioni-Fibbia b. 1877 in Graz - died 1930; parents:
Laval Jeremias Anton, count Nugent b. 1843 in Triest (d. 1923 in Florence: 1st m. to Baroness Emma von Zahony b. 1847 in Triest, 2nd to Maria Pallavicini Fibbia of Centurioni, 3rd to Karoline von Steininger), and Maria Pallavicini Fibbia, marquise of Centurioni b. 1850.
The parents of above Jeremias born 1843:
mentioned above Johann, count Nugent b. 1796 in Dublin, died in Brescia, and Regina Contessa Abriani b. 1813.
The father of above Johann b. 1796 was mentioned above Michael Anton Nugent b. ca 1750, who was also father of above: Laval Graf Nugent von Westmeath 1777 - 1862, who served the armies of Austria and the Two Sicilies; born at Ballynacor, Ireland
[Count Laval Nugent of Nugent-Westmeath m. Duchess Giovanna Riario-Sforza of Riario-Sforza-Corleto b. 1797; Laval Nugent von Westmeath b. in Ballynacor ca 18 km north-east of Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland, on 3 Nov. 1777; they had a daughter Beatrix Nugent of Nugent-Westmeath / Béatrice Nugent b. 1819 or 1822 - see below - and she was married to Prince Leopold Emanuel Ludwig Croy - Dülmen / Léopold de Croy , who was born 8 May 1827 and died in Wien, and he was son of Philippe François de Croy 1801-1871 and Johanna Wilhelmine Auguste de Salm-Salm].

Jeanne Louise de Croy m. 1848 to Constantin von Benckendorff, count, b. 1816 in Berlin, d. 1858, son of Constantin Khristoforovitch von Benckendorff 1783 or born 1785 - 1828, and Nathalie Alopaus 1796-1823.
JEANNE'S son Alexander von Benckendorff 1849-1916 married 1879 in St Petersburg to Sofia Petrovna Shuvalova 1857.

Count Alexander von Benckendorff / Aleksandr Khristoforovich Benkendorf, b. 1781 or 1783, d. 1844 in auf See auf der Höhe von Dagö (Hiiumaa), was a Russian Cavalry General and the head of the Gendarmes and the Secret Police in Imperial Russia. His brother - above named Konstantin von Benkendorff [Constantin Khristoforovitch von Benckendorff 1783 or born 1785 - 1828] was a general and diplomat, and his sister - Dorothea von Lieven a socialite and political force in London and Paris.
Count Alexander von Benckendorff was the first Chief of Gendarmes and Executive Director of the Third Section from 1826 to 1844. His family possesed Schloss Fall / Keila-Joa from 1827 or 1837 and in 1830s Meremőisa / Merremois / Meremoisa, close to Keila-Joa
[see my map of LEHOLA - Keila - Tallinn - Nomme area; see Pilar-Pilchau, Gernet, Rehbinder, Dzierzynski, Becu, Pilsudski, Kennedy, my family Konstantynowicz {+ Armand, PASZKOWSKI, Zarako-Zarakowski, Wankowicz...}, Dunkel, Krause / Krauze, Pushkin, George de Mohrenschildt and so on].
His relatives: Gertrude Margaretha von Benckendorff nee Staël von Holstein, wife of Georg Christian Benckendorff and Otto Wilhelm von Essen. This Georg Christian von Benckendorff b. 1754 died 1790 in Hamina, Finland. He was son of Johann Michael Ivanovich von Benckendorff d. Reval, was born 1720 in Reval /Tallinn; and he was grandson of Johann IV von Benckendorff b. 1659 in Riga and d. 1727 Riga.

Above named Jeanne Louise de Croy's siblings:
1. above named Leopold de Croy 1827-1894 married 1864 {?!} in Venezia, to Béatrice Nugent 1819-1880 [see above !], 2nd time to Rosa Caroline von Sternberg 1836-1918;
2. Alexander Gustav August de Croy 1828-1887 m. to Elisabeth Maria von Westphalen zu Fürstenberg 1834-1910;
3. Stéphanie de Croy 1831-1906;
4. Amélie de Croy 1835-1897;
5. Marie de Croy 1837-1915 m. to Karl Maria Lichnowsky 1819-1901;
6. Auguste Philippe de Croy 1840-1913 m. to Adelheid Franziska de Salm-Salm 1840-1916.

Baroness Beatrix Nugent of Nugent-Westmeath / Béatrice Nugent b. 1819 or 1822
(she was the daughter of Count Laval Nugent of Nugent-Westmeath, who m. Duchess Giovanna Riario-Sforza of Riario-Sforza- Corleto b. 1797; Laval Nugent von Westmeath b. in Ballynacor ca 18 km north-east of Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland, on 3 Nov. 1777 - died in Karlovac, 21 August 1862, was son of Count Michael Anton Nugent von Westmeath [see above]. Laval Nugent von Westmeath was the Governor of Prague; 1793 he served the Austrian Army; 1815, he commanded the Austrian Army in Italy, liberated Rome; 1817 he entered the service of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies in Napoli; in 1820, he returned to Austrian Army as Field Marshal in 1849; Nugent died near Karlovac and buried in Rijeka)
in Napoli / Naples / Neapol, Italie, died on 26 March 1880 in Wien / Vienna; m. in 1864 in Venezia, Italie, to Prince Leopold Emanuel Ludwig Croy - Dülmen / Léopold de Croy , who was born 8 May 1827 and died in Wien, was son of Philippe François de Croy 1801- 1871 and Johanna Wilhelmine Auguste de Salm-Salm.
Her next of kin:
1. Helen Georgina Nugent b. 10 July 1842 in Napoli, Campania, Italy or in Mullingar, Westmeath, Ireland. Married on 30 July 1873 to Dacre Mervyn Archdale Hamilton. Dacre Mervyn Archdale Hamilton born in Cornacassa, Monaghan, Ireland. They lived in Cornacassa, the County of Monaghan. Dacre Mervyn Archdale Hamilton d. 1899 in Cornacassa, County Monaghan, Ireland.
Helen Georgina Nugent was daughter of Walter Nugent, 1st Baron Nugent and Georgiana Elizabeth Jenkinson.
HELEN'S children:
a. Georgina Eglantine Hamilton, b. 1876, Cornacassa, Monaghan, Ireland;
b. Agnes Elizabeth Hamilton, of Cornacassa, Monaghan, d. 1972;
c. Edith Louisa Hamilton, b. in 1884 in Pau, Pyrenees-Atlantiques, France.

Above Walter Nugent, 1st Baron Nugent was died in 1864; was the son of John Nugent (he lived at Merrion Square, Dublin, Ireland) and Mary Gregg.

2. Count Laval Jeremias Anton Nugent of Nugent b. 1843 in Triest, d. 1923 in Florence [see above !].
The parents of above Jeremias: Johann, count Nugent b. 1796 in Dublin, died in Brescia, and Regina Contessa Abriani b. 1813. The father of above Johann b. 1796 was mentioned above Michael Anton Nugent b. ca 1750, who was also father of above Laval Graf Nugent von Westmeath 1777 - 1862, who served the armies of Austria and the Two Sicilies; born at Ballynacor, Ireland - with daughter Beatrix Nugent of Nugent-Westmeath.



Note on the Cercle de l'Union:
John O'Meara, was a member of the British Diplomatic Corps in Paris and secretary of the Cercle Imperial Club in Paris / Cercle de l'Union 1839 - 1867, was born at Borrisokane, Ireland, 1797. He died in Paris in 1867; married to Elizabeth Sophie Fitzpatrick in 1827 in Paris - she was born in Bordeaux, France, 1809, d. 1889 - Paris; her parents: James Augustin FITZPATRICK and Sophie Marguerite SCHRAEDER [see BREGUET, Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company].

Note at margin:
The Nugent family from Ireland - Dublin, next in Napoli / Naples and Triest:
1. Laval Jeremias Anton Nugent of Nugent b. 1843 in Triest, d. 1923 in Florence: 1st m. to Baroness Emma von Zahony b. 1847 in Triest [remember on the Order of Malta in Triest], 2nd to Maria Pallavicini Fibbia of Centurioni, 3rd to Karoline von Steininger.
His parents: Johann Nugent b. 1796 in Dublin - Irland and died in Brescia, in 1849; married to Regina Contessa Abriani b. 1813.
His grandfather Michael Anton Nugent.
2. We know on John Nugent who died 1827.
Walter Nugent, 1st Baron Nugent was died in 1864; was the son of John Nugent (he lived at Merrion Square, Dublin, Ireland) and Mary Gregg.
3. Laval Nugent von Westmeath (Ballynacor, 3 Nov. 1777 - died in Karlovac, 21 August 1862). Ballynacor is located ca 18 km north-east of Mullingar. Ballynacor, Westmeath, Ireland.
4. Baroness Beatrix Nugent of Nugent - Westmeath, born 1819 / 1822 in Naples / Napoli, died 26 March 1880 in Wien / Vienna; she was married Prince Leopold Emanuel Ludwig Croy of Croy [see Latvia] - Dülmen, b. 8 May 1827.
5. Helen Georgina Nugent, born 10 July 1842 in Napoli, Campania, Italy or in Mullingar, Westmeath, Ireland. Her father was named above Walter Nugent Baron Nugent; she married on 30 July 1873 to Dacre Mervyn Archdale Hamilton born in Cornacassa, Monaghan, Ireland. Lived in Cornacassa, the County of Monaghan; Cornacassa - 2 km west of Monaghan, now north of Ireland, 26 km south-west of Armagh. HELEN'S children:
1. Georgina Eglantine Hamilton, b. 1876, Cornacassa, Monaghan, Ireland;
2. Agnes Elizabeth Hamilton, of Cornacassa, Monaghan, d. 1972;
3. Edith Louisa Hamilton, b. 1884 in Pau, Pyrenees-Atlantiques, France.

We know about surgeon Barry Edward O'Meara (1786-1836) who was doctor of Napoleon. Sir Hudson Lowe (1769-1844), Governor of St Helena wrote on the death of Napoleon I, and Lowe's subsequent dispute with Barry Edward O'Meara [see BREGUET], Napoleon's surgeon.

Mentioned above Laurence Oliphant b. 1829, d. 1888, was a British diplomat; was Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs. His father Anthony Oliphant (1793 - 1859) was Chief Justice of Ceylon and Attorney General in the Cape Colony; grew up at Condie House / Newton of Condie in Forgandenny, Perthshire. His eldest brother [see below], Laurence Oliphant, 8th of Condie was Member of the House of Commons for Perth, whose son was General Sir Laurence Oliphant 9th of Condie. Another brothers: Col. James Oliphant was Chairman of the Honourable East India Company, a third brother was the artist. Mentioned Newton of Condie is situated in the parish of Forgandenny and the county of Perthshire. FORGANDENNY, a parish in the district of Eastern Perth, county Perth, and county Kinross, Scotland, 7 km or 4 miles S.S.W. of Perth. Freeland is the seat of Lord Ruthven, Rossie - 6 km south of above FORGANDENNY - that of the Oliphants, and Condie of the Oliphants, which families are here the principal proprietors. Anthony lived in Maha Nuge Gardens in Colpetty - Colombo [see tea].
Another Laurence Oliphant, 8th of Condie and 30th Chief of Clan Oliphant was the Member of Parliament for Perth between 1832 and 1837, was the eldest son (of seven children) of Ebenezer Oliphant, 7th of Condie and Mary, third daughter of Sir William Stirling of Ardoch.
When the Oliphant family left Ceylon, the estate sold to Sir Harry Dias.
Sir Anthony Oliphant's tea estate, the Oliphant Estate, situated in the hill country in Nuwara Eliya - 55 km south-east-south of Kandy, east of Colombo, 26 km east of Hatton, close to Lindula and Meepilimana - was the first estate to grow tea in Ceylon; Anthony and his son Laurence are the first people to grow tea in Ceylon.
Sir Anthony's son, Laurence Oliphant, went on become a Member of the House of Commons. Laurence Oliphant was the only child of Sir Anthony Oliphant (1793 - 1859), a member of the Scottish landed gentry. Laurence spent his early childhood in Colombo, and the Oliphant Estate in Nuwara Eliya. Laurence Oliphant was the only child of Sir Anthony Oliphant (1793 - 1859), a member of the Scottish landed gentry. Laurence in 1848 - 1849 was in Europe, in 1851 came to Nepal, returned to Ceylon, travel in Russia at the Black Sea in 1853 (Odessa ?; see below in 1855 on Adam Mickiewicz and Bednarczyk / Hudzik / Chudzik; Zygmunt Milkowski / Theodore Thomas Jez b. 1824, 1855-1857 he was living in Constantinople, then in 1858 he returned to London), then - to 1861 - Oliphant was secretary to Lord Elgin; visited the Circassian coast during the Crimean War. 1861 Oliphant was appointed First Secretary of the British Legation in Japan, a visit to Korea, where he discovered a Russian force; met Alice le Strange, married in London, 1872.

Frédéric François Chopin b. 1810 in above mentioned Zelazowa Wola, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist; 1831 he settled in Paris; supported by his admirer [see above !] Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848; Jane Wilhelmina Stirling 1804 - 1859 was a Scottish amateur pianist, took him on a tour of England and Scotland in 1848, and took charge of the disposal of his effects and manuscripts after his death in 1849. Stirling was born as the youngest of 13 children of John Stirling, Laird of Kippendavie, at Kippenross House, near Dunblane in Perthshire, and was descended from a noble Scottish family. She was placed under the charge of her widowed sister, Mrs Katherine Erskine - from 1826, she and her sister divided their life between Scotland and Paris; met Frédéric Chopin in 1840 or 1842 / 1843, worked with Chopin of the French editions of most of his works; became his secretary, agent and business manager.
Her father John Stirling, 6th of Kippendavie 1742 - 1816;
his parents: Patrick Stirling, 4th of Kippendavie, b. 8 Apr 1704
(Patrick Stirling, 1704 - 1745 from Charles Stirling, 3rd of Kippendavie, b. 14 Dec 1680 {his father John Stirling, 2nd of Kippendavie, b. 1622, Dunblane, Perthshire, Scotland and Christian Dog / Doig b. 1640, Kilmadock, Perthshire, Scotland} and mother Catherine Arbuthnot: come from Alexander Arbuthnot, of Knox M. P., b. 1654 and mother Jean Scott)
and mother Margaret Douglas d. 1754: her parents Sylvester Douglas, of Whiteriggs d. 1729 and Margaret Keith [see on the KEITH family in RUSSIA]. Frederick Chopin was in Edinburgh 1848, and arrived in London in April 1848.

Famous Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, b. 1871, was a New Zealand-born British physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. Rutherford moved in 1907 to the Victoria University of Manchester; was the son of James Rutherford, who had emigrated to New Zealand from Perth - 53 km north-east of Stirling, Scotland.
The Rutherford family comes from an area of the Scottish Borders called Roxburghshire [see Rosslyn also]; south from Jedburgh, - ca 130 km south-east of Stirling, because all Scottish Rutherfords share roots in Roxburghshire. To 1706 / 1707, the Rutherfords moved into other areas of Scotland, such as, Ayrshire and Perth - 48 km north-east of Stirling, and south into Northumberland, to Sweden, France and the Netherlands.



The genealogy of the Niaudet family:

Alice NIAUDET b. 1839 in Paris, d. 1929, her parents: Prosper NIAUDET and Mathilde LASSIEUR 1813 - 1896;
she married in 1862 to Leonce GRENIER b. 1830 in Amiens, Prof. of the l'Ecole Normale and at the lycée Henri IV, his parents: Jean GRENIER and Marie MUROL;
her brother and sister: Alfred NIAUDET 1835-1883, and Sophie NIAUDET 1837-1907;
mentioned here Alfred NIAUDET m. in 1869 to Sophie TASCHEREAU b. 1847, d. 1924 in Fontainebleau; her son Henri NIAUDET 1874-1940 m. Valentine ROUX. Her daughter Mathilde NIAUDET 1875-1966 m. Alfred FUCHS.
Above Sophie NIAUDET m. Marcelin BERTHELOT (Académie des Sciences) from parents: Jacques Martin BERTHELOT 1799-1864 and Ernestine BIARD 1800-1876;
Sophie's children:
Marcel-Andre BERTHELOT 1862-1938 + Léa LEMOINE,
Marie-Helene BERTHELOT 1863-1895 + Georges Henri Joseph LYON,
Juliette BERTHELOT 1864-1928 (Juliette BERTHELOT 1864-1928 = Camille Berthelot 1864 - 1928) + Charles-Victor LANGLOIS,
Daniel BERTHELOT 1865-1927,
Philippe BERTHELOT 1866-1934 Ambassador + Helene LINDER,
and Rene-Jules BERTHELOT 1872-1960 + Jeanne SCHWEISGUTH.
We back to Louis BREGUET b. 1691 from Jonas BREGUET d. 1711, and his wife Suzanne BOLLE; he married in 1713 in Les Verrieres, at the Canton de Neuchatel to Julienne MEURON with child:
Jonas Louis BREGUET 1719-1758 m. to Suzanne Marguerite BOLLE with
a. Abraham-Louis BREGUET 1747-1823 + Cécile L'HUILLIER 1752-1781 with:
Antoine Louis BREGUET, watchmaker 1776-1858;
b. Henri-François BREGUET 1748-1750, c. Suzanne Marie BREGUET 1750,
d. Henri BREGUET 1752, e. Henriette,
f. Charlotte BREGUET 1756-1840,
g. Marie Louise BREGUET 1759-1797 m. at the Canton de Neuchâtel David LASSIEUR 1759-1796 with son
Jonas Louis LASSIEUR 1785-1850.
Above Jonas Louis LASSIEUR b. 1785 in Le Locle, Canton de Neuchâtel, d. 1850 in Paris, watchmaker, married Jeanne Sophie COURBIN born 1787, with
1. Mathilde LASSIEUR 1813-1896 m. 1834, Paris to Prosper NIAUDET with
a. Alfred NIAUDET 1835-1883 + Sophie TASCHEREAU 1847-1924 with:
Henri NIAUDET 1874-1940,
Mathilde NIAUDET 1875-1966;
b. Sophie NIAUDET 1837-1907 m. Marcelin BERTHELOT 1827-1907 with:
Marcel-André BERTHELOT 1862-1938,
Marie-Helene BERTHELOT 1863-1895,
Juliette BERTHELOT 1864-1928 (Juliette BERTHELOT 1864-1928 = Camille Berthelot 1864 - 1928),
Daniel BERTHELOT at Académie des Sciences 1865-1927,
Philippe BERTHELOT Ambass. 1866-1934,
Rene-Jules BERTHELOT 1872-1960;
c. Alice NIAUDET 1839-1929 married Léonce GRENIER;
2. Charlotte Eugenie Caroline LASSIEUR 1815-1889 married to Louis François Clément BREGUET (at the Académie des Sciences) 1804-1883 with:
a. Louise BREGUET 1847-1930 married in 1868, Paris to Ludovic HALÉVY 1834-1908 with:
Élie HALÉVY 1870-1937 and
Daniel HALÉVY 1872-1962;
b. Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882 married to Marie Eugénie DUBOIS 1858-1903 with:
Madeleine BREGUET 1878-1900,
Louis BREGUET (Aviation) 1880-1955,
Jacques BREGUET 1881-1939;
c. Madeleine BREGUET 1853-1877 married Jules Antoine Charles TASCHEREAU 1843-1918 with:
Henriette TASCHEREAU 1873-1955.
Mentioned above Leonce GRENIER / Michel Martin Léonce GRENIER b. 1830, Prof., l'Ecole Normale, lycée Henri IV, his father Jean GRENIER; married Alice NIAUDET b. 1839, from Prosper NIAUDET and Mathilde LASSIEUR 1813-1896.
Now very importance:
Annette CLÉMENCEAU 1895 - 1979, her parents Albert CLÉMENCEAU 1861-1927 + Marthe MEURICE 1863-1955; m. Richard LANGLOIS in 1893 from parents:
Charles-Victor LANGLOIS and Juliette BERTHELOT 1864-1928 (Juliette BERTHELOT 1864-1928 = Camille Berthelot 1864 - 1928).
Dr Paul CLÉMENCEAU 1777-1860 m. Therese JOUBERT 1787-1836, with Dr Benjamin CLÉMENCEAU 1810-1897;
next generation Albert CLÉMENCEAU 1861-1927 m. Marthe MEURICE 1863-1955, her daughter Annette CLÉMENCEAU 1895-1979.
Annette Clemenceau died in 1979 in Meudon, Île-de-France, wife of Richard Langlois-Berthelot and was sister of Lise Clemenceau.
Richard Langlois-Berthelot b. 1893 Paris, d. 1974, son of Charles Victor Langlois and Camille Berthelot; was brother of Philippe Langlois Berthelot;
copyright by George J. Homs.
Above Camille Berthelot 1864 - 1928, daughter of Marcellin Berthelot and Sophie Niaudet; wife of Charles Victor Langlois; mother of Philippe Langlois Berthelot and Richard Langlois-Berthelot; she was sister of Daniel Berthelot; Marcel Andre Berthelot; Marie Helene Berthelot; Philippe Berthelot and Rene Berthelot.
Above Pierre Eugene Marcellin Berthelot 1827 in Paris, d. 1907, his wife Sophie Niaudet;
father of Daniel Berthelot; Marcel Andre Berthelot; Camille Berthelot; Marie Helene Berthelot; Philippe Berthelot; and Rene Berthelot.
Above Sophie Niaudet 1837 - 1907 in Paris, daughter of Prosper Niaudet and Mathilde Lassieur.

The CLÉMENCEAU family:
Emma CLÉMENCEAU 1840-1928,
Georges Le Tigre CLÉMENCEAU 1841-1929,
Paul CLÉMENCEAU 1857-1946, and
Albert CLÉMENCEAU 1861-1927 (above mentioned Annette CLÉMENCEAU 1895 - 1979 was his daughter).
Georges CLÉMENCEAU Le Tigre / Georges CLÉMENCEAU, b. 1841 in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, 1893 Clemenceau confined his political activities to journalism; 1894, a French artillery captain, Alfred Dreyfus, was falsely accused of passing secrets to the Germans. 1895, the new Intelligence Chief Georges Picquart, was fed evidence that the spy was actually Esterhazy, who was not a Jew. Georges CLÉMENCEAU took an active part as a supporter of Emile Zola and an opponent of the anti-Semitic and Nationalist campaigns in the Dreyfus case. 1898 Clemenceau published Emile Zola's "J'accuse" on the front page. 1906 appointed Clemenceau as Minister of the Interior, Clemenceau served as the Prime Minister of France from 1906 to 1909, and again from 1917 to 1920.



1883 - Breguet:

The Home Breguet, became a limited company with a capital of three million but was continued without Breguet as its head, because the grandchildren, Louis and Jacques, had only three and two years; following its sale to Edward Brown, his supervisor: electrical machinery and steam, pumps, gears, projectors and lighting equipment, special equipment for marine, underwater mines, etc. House Breguet was absorbed by the company Fives-Lille Gallen, and became apartment buildings, acc. to http://www.geuzeinfo.com/telegraphy.
Louis Charles Breguet was born January 2, 1880 in Paris; he was son and grand-son of physicists, he started the family business in 1907 at Douai (Nord) by building a 'gyroplane', the first rotary wing aircraft, considered the ancestor of the helicopter.
He built his first aircraft in 1909, which broke the speed record for 10 km in 1911.
Breguet, Louis François Clément b. Paris, 1804; d. Paris, 1883.
His grandfather, Abraham, from Neuchatel, was one of the best-known clockmakers of Paris; his shop was established ca 1775. "...Louis's father, Antoine, became Abraham's partner in 1807. After spending some time in Neuchatel with his godfather when he was about eight, Louis was apprenticed to Perrelet, in Versailles, for two years, and then joined his father and grandfather. From 1824 to 1827 he worked with Barral in Geneva, upon his return to Paris worked on naval chronometers.
... Finally, in 1833, the enterprise was organized into a company and turned over to Louis and two other partners, one of whom was a cousin. After 1830 Breguet turned to making electrical instruments, particularly precision apparatus. His first electric clocks date from 1839. ... Work on induced currents with
Antoine Masson in 1842 ... in 1843 Breguet created, for François Arago, an apparatus with a revolving mirror
... in 1876 Cornelius Roosevelt, representing Bell in Paris, put the Breguet firm in charge of setting up the French telephone system...".



Jeanne Maleszewska nee Garran de Coulon, was daughter of Jean-Philippe Garran / Jean-Philippe Garran de Coulon / Jean Philippe GARRAN DE COULON who was b. April 10, 1749 or 29/04/1749 (born in Saint-Maixent on 19 April 1748), died on 10/12/1816 in PARIS - FRANCE (or 19-11-1816 / December 19, 1816); he was a French politician, was born in HAUTE-SAÔNE - FRANCE; Secretary of Henrion de Pansey in Paris; lawyer in 1789; member of the legislative in 1791; member of the Institute. Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon, lawyer in Paris. Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon took part in the agitation preceding the meeting of the States General and was elected alternate member of the Third Estate of Paris. Member of the first and the second Paris Commune, he directed the Research Committee - the police, and presented the insurrection on 14 July 1789 as the member of conspiracy.
Maleszewski Piotr had known J. P. Garran de Coulon, who had daughters:
1. Jeanne Françoise Félicité GARRAN de COULON;
2. Félicité-Françoise GARRAN DE COULON.

Garran-Coulon, member of the Comite des Recherches was writing 'Report on the troubles of Santo Domingo'; Garran-Coulon, the left-leaning deputy wrote the report, noted on Oge affair in Saint-Domingue.
"...BORD appears to have gratuitously added Garran's name to a passage from the 'Proces-verbal des Electeurs' which described a group of unnamed Electors angrily denouncing Flesselles. ...".
B. M. Shapiro wrote:
"Eager to demonstrate that all of the violent eruptions of summer 1789 were parts of a carefully orchestrated Masonic plot and equally eager to connect the Comite des Recherches to this plot,
Gustave Bord was trying to persuade his readers that GARRAN, the author of the Comite's published brief against those servants of the Monarchy who had escaped the July violence, was a 'point man' in a well-planned effort to eliminate a host of top royal officials.
For, having helped dispose of Flesselles and Berthier, Garran's next assignment, in Bord's eyes, was to engineer the judical assassination of BESENVAL:
'At each event, he launches the word or phrase which compromises the man in the hot seat... Garran de Coulon was certainly partly responsible for the assassinations of the Prevot des Marchands and the Intendant de Paris, and now he is given the task of rendering a legal opinion on the question of whether those in authority in JULY (1789) were guilty'.
By adding his 'evidence' linking Garran to the Flesselles and Berthier assassinations to his extravagant vision of
the Comite des Recherches as 'the model for all these revolutionary committes which, in a few months, will put the executioner to work on a full-time basis',
BORD was able construct the following equation:
July Massacres = Comite des Recherches = Terror. ...".
"Jean-Philippe Garran de Coulon, 1748-1816, the son of a provincial tax collector, had come to Paris to join a crowd of starving authors and client-less lawyers. And though he was the author of no less than forty-three pre-revolutionary literary and philosophical works ... none of them was apparently ever published.
But despite being, as childhood friend and National Assambly deputy Creuze-LATOUCHE put it, almost unknown, before the Revolution, GARRAN quickly established himself as an important Parisian activist in the crucial months of May, June, and July 1789.
On April 22, his local district had only selected him as a supplemental delegate to the Assembly of Third Estate Electors. Yet, benefitting, in all likelihood, from his close ties to CREUZE-LATOUCHE (also on KATE'S list of leading 'proto-Girondins'), he rapidly attained city-wide recognition and was almost elected in late May 1789 to the Estates-General itself. It was in the Assembly of Electors that Garran came into his own as a key member of the municipality's democratic fraction. ... we will see Garran playing an especially significant role on July 14 itself.
By the time the Comite des Recherches was formed in October, he was one of BRISSOT'S most important allies in the Assemblee des Representants, the municipal council which replaced the Electors on July 30.
... Garran was probably the one man most closely identified with it in the public mind. ... Hence, it was Garran who was largely responsible for the political cover that the Comite's aggressive public image provided for the indulgent policies of the FAYETTIST regime. ... Garran was the first deputy elected from Paris to the Legislative Assembly in 1791 ...
he remainde closely linked to BRISSOT and his other former colleagues from the municipality ... ... Garran served in the Thermidorian Convention, the Directory's Council of 500, and the Bonapartist Senate. He was also made a Count of the Empire...".

Above mentioned Creuze-LATOUCHE / Jacques Antoine Creuze-Latouche (1749 - 1800) was a French lawyer, Jacobin, and member of the National Convention of France during the French Revolution. He was born at Chatellerault, a lawyer in Poitiers and in Paris.
He spent some time in Switzerland before returning to Chatellerault in 1784;
1789 he was elected deputy to represent the third estate of Chatellerault in the Estates-General of 1789. 1789 a judge of the High Court of Orleans, to play an active role in the Chatellerault Jacobin Society and in 1790 he joined the Jacobin club in Paris. At the trial of King Louis XVI of France he voted against the appeal to the people, for detention followed by banishment and then for suspension.

Jacques Antoine Creuze-Latouche was the son of Jacques Creuze, lord of La Touche, adviser to the king and captain-superintendent of the castle of Chatellerault, and Maria Theresa Fremond La Merveillere. He traveled to Switzerland; married in 1780 with his cousin Jeanne Creuze from Antran in France, close to Vienne in the region of Poitou-Charentes. They have two daughters, Laura Chapelain de Saint-Cyr and Teresa but both had no children. 1793, he gathered Eudora Roland, daughter of Madame Roland and her husband Jean Marie Roland, Viscount of Platiere, but Madame Roland was guillotined November 8; Jean Marie Roland, Viscount of Platiere, born 1734 in Thizy and died in 1793 in Bourg-Beaudouin;
Madame Roland, born Jeanne Marie Philipon, leading figure of the French Revolution. She played a major role in the Girondist party, and Eudora her daughter, became an orphan; the famous botanist Louis Augustin Guillaume Bosc, a leading friend of Madame Roland, became her guardian; she married Pierre Leon Champagneux. Bosc was also an active member of the Philomatic Society of Paris.
Note on Maria Theresa Fremond La Merveillere:
come from Gilles Fremond, advisor to the king, who died on August 20, 1663 in Chatellerault. and his son Anthoine FREMOND who had son Anthoine III Fremond, born in 1661 and died in Chatellerault in 1739, captain of the Castle Chatellerault. He married in 1693 to Marie daughter of Joseph, of Poitiers, royal notary, and Florence Rigaud.
They had Marie Therese Florence Fremond, born in 1707, died in 1783, married Jacques Creuze, of la Touche (1694-1762) that is Jacques son of Michel b. 1663, m. in 1687 Claire RENAULT; Jacques married in 1741 Marie Therese Florence FREMOND de LA MERVEILLERE - her brothers and sisters: Antoine Jerome Fremond b. 1696, pastor of Coussay-les-Bois, archpriest of Chatellerault; Marie Jeanne Francoise, born 1700, married 1738 to Pierre Delaveau Treffort, lord of Massardiere, widower of Anne Beaupoil.
Jacques Antoine Creuze / Jacques Antoine 1749-1800, m. in 1780 Jeanne CREUZE / Jeanne-Catherine b. 1754 d. 1810, daughter of Michel Creuze, the Lord of La Maisonneuve 1733-1812.
Jacques-Antoine Creuze La Touche / Jacques Antoine Creuze as "Latouche-Creuze", born in 1749, economist, politician, member of the Convention, takes an active part in the reaction after 9 Thermidor, member of the institute, married his cousin with 2 girls:
1. Madame Chapelain de Saint-Cyr / Laure Creuze de La Touche / Laura Chapelain de Saint-Cyr m. in 1815 to Armand Chapelain de Saint-Cyr; Armand, Charles, "Alexis" Chapelain de Saint-Cyr was the Commissioner of powder and saltpetre; she was born 1783;
2. Therese Claire Creuze de la Touche / Therese Creuze de La Touche / Therese Clementine 1781-1862, m. in 1806 Pierre MARTINET; woman of letters; next of kin to Moriere, Bellaing, Lombares, Morcenx, Beaurepaire, Grailly of Hemery, of Dorides, Tudert, Montecler, Dreuzy.


Above named
Jacques Pierre Brissot or Jean Pierre Brissot (1754 - 1793), was a leading member of the Girondist movement during the French Revolution. Brissot was born at Chartres; a lawyer at Paris; married Felicite Dupont (1759 - 1818), who translated English works;
they lived in London; started in London a paper, Journal du Lycee de Londres; he paid a visit to the United States in 1788.
Acc. to Wikipedia:
Thomas Jefferson, ambassador in Paris at the time was familiar enough with him to note, 'Warville is returned charmed with our country. He is going to carry his wife and children to settle there'. Alas for Brissot, such an emigration never happened. 1789, Brissot was member of the Jacobin Club, of the Legislative Assembly, and later of the National Convention. Brissot was against the decision to execute the King.

Jean-Philippe, Count married to Anne-Jeanne Barrengue - she died on August 7 or 6th, 1808, in Saivres (or died in Champmargou, town of Auge, Deux-Sevres).
Garran de Coulon, Jean-Philippe (Count) died before December 26, 1816.

Jeanne Françoise Félicité Garran de Coulon, wife of Pierre Jean Maleszewski, resident at rue du Pont de Lodi, and Felicity Françoise Garran de Coulon, widow of Baron Guillaume Garran de Coulon, residing at rue Cassette No. 28, organized her father's funeral.
Guillaume Garran de Coulon married to Félicité Francoise GARRAN COULON after 1800 in Paris. The title of Count for Guillaume Garran, captain of dragoons, was granted by patent on February 20, 1812.
Above Anne-Jeanne Barrengue, born in Paris in 1759, died in Champmargou. Married in the Loiret department on April 23, 1780.

At margin:

Jean-Philippe Garran de Coulon (close to Niort, west France; Garran de Coulon, Jean-Philippe was born in Saint-Maixent (Deux-Sčvres) close to Niort in 1748) died in 1816, the son of a provincial tax collector, had come to Paris to join a crowd of starving authors and client-less lawyers. But despite being, as childhood friend and National Assambly deputy Creuze-LATOUCHE put it, almost unknown, before the Revolution, GARRAN quickly established himself as an important Parisian activist in the crucial months of May, June, and July 1789. Jacques-Antoine Creuze La Touche / Jacques Antoine Creuze / Jacques Antoine 1749-1800 had seen in his youth Switzerland and Savoy - south of Geneve.

We remember about the COULON family from Neuchatel, Suisse / Switzerland, for example Andre de COULON in 1922 in Neuchatel; Genevieve de COULON m. Alain GAUTIER; Albert de COULON 1824-1893; Paul Louis Auguste de COULON 1777-1855; Alphonse de COULON 1815-1884 m. in 1846 Julie DU PASQUIER 1827-1919.
COULON de Christiane, b. 1923 in Neuchatel (see Breguet, Duflon, Schaub) come from COULON Georges Albert, winemaker, 1850 - 1916; and COULON Alphonse 1815 - 1884 (study of Law in 1839 at the Universities of Berlin and Paris; visited the capitals of the North, Copenhagen, Christiana, Stockholm and St. Petersburg, then Greece, Egypt and Constantinople. He enters the Great Council in May 1840; at the Court Advocate, in Neuchatel in 1843, Tribunal president of Neuchatel in 1848 - until 1865).
He was son of COULON Paul Etienne, banker in Paris, b. 1779, in the house Coulon and Co.; 1813 trip to Italy. Naturalized in the Vaud canton.
COULON Paul Etienne was son of COULON Paul, member of the Pourtales and Co., a refugee from France to Switzerland in 1754, citizen of Neuchatel in 1767.
Born 1731, d. 1820. Paul Coulon had also son Louis-Auguste Coulon - author of the memories:
Paul Coulon, was the son of Joseph Coulon and his wife Jeanne Falies, of Rouergue, emigrated to Cornus, accompanied by his friend Jacques Carbonnier, moved to Geneva; Joseph Coulon brought from Barbain several wheat shipments. Paul Coulon was friend of the Rabout family from St Etienne; Rabout later was a member and president of the National Assembly, and shared the fate of the Girondins
(Jefferson wrote to Rabout de St. Etienne, on June 3, 1789).
Louis-Auguste Coulon - author of the memories, knew in Paris in 1796 his son Paul Rabout
(Jean-Paul Rabaut de Saint-Etienne b. 1743 - d. December 1793, was a leader of the French Protestants and a moderate French revolutionary; a Calvinist pastor; he sat among the Girondists, opposed the trial of Louis XVI, was a member of the Commission of Twelve; guillotined).
COULON Paul, member of the Pourtales and Co., refuge in Switzerland for religion in 1754, was received bourgeois on April 27, 1767. He entered the same year as an associate in the house of Pourtales.
Jacques Carbonnier, the friend of Paul Coulon, made in Geneva a clock; married a sister of Paul Coulon; his brother-in-law was a watchmaker; Paul Coulon was godfather to their first child, Paul Louis Carbonnier born in Geneva, then in Neuchatel, he co-operated with master Berthoud to teach him to know the goods of India; at the time of the French Revolution, in 1790, he managed the house Pourtales & Cie. in Lorient, a seaport in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France. During the dissolution of the house Pourtales & Cie in 1796, Paul Coulon founded the house Coulon & Cie. with his nephew Carbonnier, his son Francois Auguste de Meuron and his two elder sons;
it was the merchandise of India that bought to London sales; principal place of business was in Paris, but the branch was in Neuchatel; it has been liquidated as a result of the continental blockade in 1809.
It was also in 1774 that Paul Coulon bought the extensive area of Viala on the Larzac, above the city of Cornus. He gave it to his younger brother Stephen. Paul Coulon came to settle in Neuchatel after his marriage. He acquired the bourgeoisie in 1767 and was lodged in the house of Mr Jeremiah Pourtales, father of his partner. Paul Coulon had four children and bought the house and possession Brun in the suburb of Neuchatel, but the withdrawal was made in the same year by Captain Brown, who had married a rich widow. 1783, Paul Coulon bought house in the suburb Lake, then a small property near Corcelles Concise; 1807 - Paul Coulon was friend to the Watteville family of Berne and Mr Gety the pastor in Lausanne. Paul Coulon died in 1820.

And about the Garran family:
GARRAN DE BALZAN, FRANCOIS-GABRIEL-EMILE, Senator, born in Saint-Maixent (Deux-Sevres) on January 30, 1838, son of a mining engineer, completed his studies in Paris, and, back in his department, made the liberal policy. Mr Garran Balzan was a mayor, and was elected councilor of the Canton Menigoute where he organized an agricultural meeting, of which he was president.



On 22 December 1804 Louis-Clement Breguet was born but Louis-Antoine married later with Jeanne Françoise Venture, on 2nd December 1810. In that year was born his daughter Louise Charlotte. Jeanne Françoise Venture (other source: first marriage of Maleszewski with a beautiful Victoire Françoise Venture de Paradise, called "Egyptian", the representative of the then "Merveilleuses", gave him a number of concerns. They had a daughter born in Paris in 1794 - Victoire Clementine, later married Alfred de Laqueuille) was previously married to the economist and Polish historian Piotr / Pierr Maleszewski; she was the daughter of a diplomat in Cairo; the Maleszewski couple was divorced in 1809. Jeanne Françoise died on January 20, 1813, only 38 years old.

Another source:
Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to

a. Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI (= Pierre Maleszewski) with children

Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and

Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;

b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858.

Maleszewski / Maliszewski in 1803 returned to Paris. From now as the enemy of the Emperor and his policies, he did not participate in the political life of France. 1816 as the clerk of the state was not confirmed. A. J. Czartoryski made him as the director of Krzemieniec High School.
Due to permanent residence in France he was the corresponding member of the Warsaw Society of the Friends of Science, to 1820. Much of his scientific achievements remained in manuscript. Historical work, which is not finished, released his wife in Paris in 1832, 2d ed. 1833 Paris, ed. 3 in Berlin 1833; he believed that "work people" permitted to participate in the government will create a new, positive policy. He was also a passionate educator; 1803 after his return to France he wrote 'Pro memoria of varieties' which have taken place in public education; During the Congress Kingdom maintained contacts with educational authorities in Warsaw and served as the unofficial Polish cultural attache in France. Were sent to him from Warsaw scholars asking for protection and help.
In the circle of his influence were: Fryderyk Skarbek, Anna Zamoyska Sapieha, her son Leon Sapieha, Michael Wiszniewski, Francis Armiński and many others.
Since 1823 cataracts affected; Maleszewski died on 28 VIII 1828 in France, at the estate of his wife. He was buried at the village cemetery at Maison Neuve in Chatellerault (Deux Sevres).
First marriage of Maleszewski with a beautiful Victoire Françoise Venture de Paradise, called "Egyptian", the representative of the then "Merveilleuses", gave him a number of concerns. They had a daughter born in Paris in 1794 - Victoire Clementine, later married Alfred de Laqueuille. In addition, his name wore
two daughters of his wife, Adela Mortier and Olimpia Chodźko Leonardowa; after the death of his wife in 1813 he married in 1816 to Jeanne, daughter of an old friend Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon.

Many genealogical data presented below you need to check. There are also incomplete data. This applies in particular families of the Mortier - Mortar, this involved the French diplomacy. Many the Maleszewski family data also need to explain to the end. The Breguet linkages with Venture - Sulkowski - Maleszewski require clarification. Family and genealogical linkages of the Breguet - Konstantynowicz and Konstantynowicz - Armand - Paszkowski still are tested by me. So you analyze the text below and wait for the next step in my genealogical research. Now we look at the MORTAR family but we don't know who was father of Adela Mortier / Adelajda / Adelaide; below is few important comments on her unknown husband Mortier / Mortar and our Adela Mortier:
New explanations.
We know about Joséphine Eugénie Pointal (née Mortier) was born 1850, to Jean-Pierre Mortier and Victoire Adelaide Mortier (née Cordier). Joséphine had one sister married to Haurault; Joséphine married Alphonse Pierre Pointal in 1872;
and we know on Eugénie Eve Adolphine Fay de La Tour Maubourg (née Mortier de Trévise), 1838-1900, to Napoléon Edouard Mortier de Trévise and Anne Marie Mortier de Trévise (née LECOMTE).
Eugénie married César Florimond Fay de La Tour Maubourg in 1849.

Hector Mortier, identified by one contemporary with Eduard Mortier, the Napoleonic general; but who was studied in Manchester in 1788 at New College?
Hector Mortier married in Paris in 1836 to Léonie-Constance-Charlotte-Désirée Cordier, nee Douai b. 1817 d. Paris in 1886.
Mortier, Hector / Hector-Charles-Henri-Edouard, b. in Câteau-Cambrésis (Nord) on 25 March 1797 d. in Paris on 23 March 1864; acc. to Léonce de Brotonne.

Chodzko, Leonard published Michael Cleophas Oginski's Memoirs in four volumes in French in the years 1826-1827; Histoire de les légions polonaises en Italie, Les Polonais en Italie, Histoire populaire de la Pologne in 1863; Biographie du géneral Kosciuszko.
Chodzko, Leonard / Feonard (?) with nickname Comte d'Angeberg, b. 1800, author of:
1. 'Bibliotheque Diplomatique Comte D'angeberg Le Congres De Vienne Et Les Traites De 1815' - Primary Source Edition - French Edition, ed. November 1, 2013 by Tome Deuxieme; this is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. Publisher: Nabu Press, ISBN-10: 1293172812.
See: L. J. Chodzko, Comte d'Angeberg, Le Congres de Vienne et les Traites de 1815, ed. in Paris: Amyot, 1864.
2. In 1862 by comte d'Angeberg, ed. Recueil des traités, conventions et actes diplomatiques concernant la Pologne 1762–1862. Paris: Amyot.
And 3. 'Polska malownicza. Pologne pittoresque', by Léonard Chodźko (pseud.: le Cte d'Angeberg), publisher Bourgogne et Martinet, 1838.

His wife was Olimpia nee Maleszewska b. 1797, d. 1889, daughter of Piotr Pawel Jan Maleszewski b. 1767

(Piotr Pawel Jan MALESZEWSKI had daughters: Victoire Clementine de Laqueuille m. Alfred de Laqueuille b. ca 1780, Olimpia Chodźko, and half-daughter {she married unknown Mortier - copyright by Leszek Mila; but acc. to me she was the daughter of Alexandre Auguste Hector Joseph MORTAR 1771 - 1844, or Hector Mortier with a beautiful Victoire Françoise Venture de Paradise, called "Egyptian"} Adela Mortier),

who was son of Maria Wiśniewska b. ca 1740 and Michał Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski duke b. 1736 in Gdańsk, and grandson of Stanisław Poniatowski; acc. to Carlos Federico Cantarito Bunge Molina y Vedia: above mentioned Stanisław Poniatowski b. 1676 in Chojnik / Gromnik, son of Franciszek Poniatowski, father to Kazimierz Jakub Poniatowski, Franciszek, Aleksander, Ludwika Maria Zamojska, Izabela Antonina Mokronowska - Branicka,

Stanisław II August Poniatowski King of Poland,

Andrzej Poniatowski, Michał Jerzy Ludwik.

Mentioned above Michal Kleofas Oginski / OGINSKI Michele Cleofa, b. 1765 and together with Chodzko Leonard, edited 'Memoires de Michel Oginski sur la Pologne et les Polonais, depuis 1788 ... de 1815' in 1826, Geneve 1827, Paris - Ponthieu 1827, digitizing sponsor Google from the University of Lausanne.

On the unknown Mortier and Adela Mortier:
MORTIER, Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph, duc de Trevise

(1768 - 1835, a son of Antoine Charles Joseph Mortier 1730 - 1818 that is Charles Mortier of Cambraisis, member of States General in 1789, and Marie Anne Josephe de Bonnaire 1738 - 1799 m. 1761 in Le Cateau-Cambresis - her children:
1. Edouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph MORTIER, Duc de Trévise 1768-1835,
2. Suzanne Honorée Victoire Josephe MORTIER, Soeur du Marechal Mortier duc de Trevise 1776-1822,
and 3.
Alexandre Auguste Hector Joseph MORTAR 1771 - 1844 & Catherine Josephine Emilie TRIQUET 1775 - 1865. Hector Auguste Alexandre MORTIER or Hector Auguste Alexandre Mortar was the owner at Le Cateau in Nord, married to Emilie Catherine Joseph Triquet with:
a. daughter - ?? - Adelaide Emilie Marie Anne Caroline MORTAR b. 1800,
b. son Hector MORTAR / Charles Henri Edouard Hector Mortier, Count b. in Le Cateau in 1797 - died in Paris in 1864, copyright by 'bourelly':
Charles Henri Edouard Hector Mortier was Peer of France, studied at the Lycee of Bonaparte in Paris and followed a diplomatic career,
acc. to 'Dictionary of Parliamentarians' he was the First Secretary of the Legation in Berlin in 1830,
he was soon enjoyed by his uncle - Marshal Mortier - with Louis Philippe, called for higher office. Successively Minister Plenipotentiary in Munich and Lisbon (1833), The Hague (1835), Berne (1839), Parma (1844); he was associated with the main events of the foreign policy of the government in Switzerland,
then Count Mortier was called in 1835, to join the House of Lords.
He supported the constitutional monarchy;
in 1846 he even wanted to kill himself and his two children - his daughter was Leonie Emilie Sophie MORTAR b. ca 1837.

Hector Charles Henri Edouard MORTAR / baron Charles-Henri-Édouard-Hector married ca 1835 to NN (!) b. ca 1813 (? - ca 1815);

the revolution of 1848 removed him from politics. In 1856, Prince Jerome chose him as first chamberlain; retirement as Ambassador in 1857.

Cordier, Léonie Constance Charlotte Désirée married to Mortier, Charles Henri Edouard Hector, but a property inventory after separation Leonie residing in the Rue du Rempart, 14, with Henri Edouard remaining at Great Green Street, No. 22, showed date on April 25, 1849;

Henri Hector Mortier married {married 2nd time !} in 1836 to Leonie Mortar / Mortier Leonie-Constance-Charlotte-Cordier Desiree, daughter of the director of domains.
MORTIER, Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph was grandson of Charles Mathieu Mortier 1689 - 1745 of Le Cateau-Cambresis;
under copyright by Jean HAMON at http://gw.geneanet.org/
),

married Anne Eve Hymmes / Eve-Anne Himmes / Hymnes / Hymns in 1799 {MORTIER, Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph, duc de Trévise, 1768 - 1835}.
They had seven children:
Napoleon, born in Issy 1804, died 1869 in Sceaux;
Edouard (1806-1815);
Edouard Adolphe Hector Joseph, died at the age of twelve;
Caroline Marie Anne Eve Marguerite born 1800, died in Bruxelles in 1842 {Caroline Mortier de Trevise b. 1800, died in Bruxelles / Bruselas, 1842; her parents: Edouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, duke de Trevise b. 1768 and Eve Anne Hymmes b. 1779; Caroline Mortier de Trevise - she was Damas de la Real Orden de la Reina Maria Luisa de Borbon, princesa de Parma b. 1751 - m. in 1819 to Hippolyte Gueulluy, marques de Rumigny born 1784};
Sophie Malvina Joséphine, born in 1803, died 1883;
Louise (1811-1831);
Eve Sophie Stephanie born in Paris 1814, died in 1890.

We back to Hector MORTIER / Comte MORTIER 1797-1864, his daughter was
Léonie Emilie Sophie MORTIER b. ca 1837;

his wife ? b. 1815;

Leonie m. in 1860 in PARIS to Henri GUILLIER DE SOUANCÉ, Comte DE SOUANCÉ 1826-1903
(his parents: Charles Jacques Gabriel GUILLIER DE SOUANCÉ 1794-1831 & Suzanne Tilmé DE BELLE 1800-1877) with children:
Hector GUILLIER DE SOUANCÉ Comte 1861-1942
(married about 1890 in ANGERS to Madeleine LE MOTHEUX 1865-1937 with GUILLIER DE SOUANCÉ b. ca 1890 m. about 1920 to GRANDJEAN b. ca 1900 - Copyright by Family Tree owner Alain GARRIC),
Gabrielle GUILLIER DE SOUANCÉ 1862,
and next Jean GUILLIER DE SOUANCÉ 1864-1934.

Etienne Henri François GUILLIER de SOUANCÉ, Officier, b. 1826, Paris, d. 1903 in Paris, Colonel of Cavalry, Napoleon III orderly officer, with his cousins in the same promotion "of Djemmah" 1844-1846.

Etienne Henri François GUILLIER Souancé's parents:
Charles Gabriel GUILLIER Souancé 1794-1831, and Suzanne TILME BELLE 1800 - 1877.
He married 1860 Paris to Leonie Sophie MORTAR of TREVISO, born in 1840 {or she was born ca 1837}, died in 1926, her parents: Hector MORTAR of TRÉVISE b. 1797 and Leonie Cordier.



John O'Meara, was a member of the British Diplomatic Corps in Paris and secretary of the Cercle Imperial Club in Paris / Cercle de l'Union 1839 - 1867, was born at Borrisokane, Ireland, 1797. He died in Paris in 1867; married to Elizabeth Sophie Fitzpatrick in 1827 in Paris - she was born in Bordeaux, France, 1809, d. 1889 - Paris, her parents: James Augustin FITZPATRICK and Sophie Marguerite SCHRAEDER;
her children:

1.
Joséphine Camille O'MEARA 1828-1907 married 1853, in Paris to Charles Victor Joseph DUBOIS 1818-1875 with the first child:

Marie Eugénie DUBOIS 1858-1903 married to Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882 with children:

Madeleine BREGUET 1878-1900,

Louis BREGUET 1880-1955,

Jacques BREGUET 1881-1939
(SEE: a airplane engines and magneto branches in the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company).

Madeleine BREGUET 1878-1900: married Jacques Bizet b. 10.07.1872, d. 1922, his parents:

Georges Bizet b. 25.10.1838 (parents: Adolphe Armand Bizet b. 1810, Aimee Marie Louise Leopoldine Josephine Delsarte b. 1814) and Genevieve Halevy b. 1849; mentioned

Georges Bizet / Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer (opera 'Carmen').

Brothers of Madeleine BREGUET were Jacques BREGUET 1881-1939 and Louis BREGUET b. 1880 - Paris, d. 1955 - he married 1902 in Paris, to Nelly GIRARDET born 1881, with children:

Antoine BREGUET b. 1903 married 1st in 1930 to Meryem COLLIER de LA MARLIERE 1904-1943 with 2 children, Antoine BREGUET 2nd married in 1945 to Genevieve GERMAIN-ROBIN; Jacqueline BREGUET 1904-1963; Gilberte BREGUET 1910-1973.

Marie Eugénie DUBOIS b. 1858 at Maisons-Laffitte, d. 1903 - Paris. Her parents: Charles Victor Joseph DUBOIS 1818-1875, and Joséphine Camille O'MEARA 1828-1907, the pupil of Chopin;
above Joséphine Camille O'MEARA, b. 1828 - Paris, d. 1907 - Paris; her parents: John O'MEARA 1797-1867, Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK 1809-1889.
Children of Marie E. Dubois and Antoine Breguet:
1. Madeleine BREGUET 1878-1900 m. 1898, Paris to
Jacques BIZET 1872-1922;
2. Louis BREGUET, 1880-1955 m. 1902 to Nelly GIRARDET 1882-1941 with his children:
a. Antoine BREGUET 1903, m. 1930, Neuilly-sur-Seine, to
Meryem COLLIER de La MARLIERE 1904-1942;
second time married Antoine BREGUET 1903, to Genevieve de GERMAN-RIBON;
b. Jacqueline BREGUET 1904-1963 m. 1924, Houlgate, to
Jacques CHOPIN de La BRUYERE 1897-1956;
c. Gilberte BREGUET 1910-1973 m. 1932 to Robert FENWICK 1909-1959 with 3 children; 2nd married to NN with 2 children;
Above Louis BREGUET 1880-1955 married 2nd time to NN with 1 child.
3. Jacques BREGUET, 1881-1939 m. Simone DEVELLE 1887-1963 with children:
a. François René Jean BREGUET 1909-1989;
b. Claude BREGUET 1910-1989 m. Jacqueline JOBIT 1907;
c. Madeleine BREGUET 1912-2002 m. 1934 to Charles DURAND-RUEL 1905-1985.
Marie Eugénie DUBOIS married 2nd in 1897 in Paris to Georges Henri Joseph LYON, 1853 - Paris, Prof. 1884, Faculte de Lille 1908, from Joseph Louis LYON and Madeleine Elisabeth AUBOUR.
Copyright by http://gw.geneanet.org/.

Meryem COLLIER de La MARLIERE b. 1904, parents: Leopold COLLIER DE LA MARLIERE, Comte DE LA MARLIERE 1872-1942 and Marguarita POTRON 1874-1950;

father of above Leopold: Leopold Benedict COLLIER DE LA MARLIERE b. 1840, m. in Spain; grandparents: Antoine COLLIER DE LA MARLIERE 1803-1872 and Amelie JOUVIN 1809-1873; great-grandfather Antoine Isidor COLLIER DE LA MARLIERE 1769-1821, and his father Louis Charles COLLIER DE LA MARLIERE, Marquis DE LA MARLIERE 1733-1799; grandfather Theophile Antoine COLLIER DE LA MARLIERE, Seigneur DE BOISPOUSSIN 1698-1748 (Le Bois Poussin, south of Nangis, south-east of Paris). Theophile Antoine COLLIER DE LA MARLIERE, Seigneur DE BOISPOUSSIN 1698-1748 was born in VOULANGIS, east of Paris.

Jacques CHOPIN de La BRUYERE 1897 in Montauban of the Tarn-et-Garonne 48 km north of Toulouse,

inf. by THURET Daniel at http://www.gen-gen.ch/, m. 1st Paule ADAM, and m. 2nd to Jacqueline BREGUET. His parents: Etienne CHOPIN de LA BRUYČRE 1868-1937 (his parents: Paul Edmond CHOPIN de LA BRUYERE ca 1830 - ca 1905 [his parents: Gabriel CHOPIN de LA BRUYERE 1796-1860 {his parents: Etienne CHOPIN de LA BRUYČRE 1748-1809 Catholic and Marguerite FERRIERE ca 1767-1864} and Marie Aglae de MORIN du SENDAT 1805-1867] and Marie Caroline Amelie SOL 1838-1905) + Helene d'AMBOIX de LARBONT.

2. Thomas Bulkeley O'MEARA 1829-1904 married 1855, Paris to Marie Camille BLOT b. 1836;

3. Anna Elisa O'MEARA 1831-1914 married 1856 to John The Salt King CORBETT 1817-1901.

4. Alfred Léon Jean O'MEARA 1834-1899 married
1862, Calcutta in India,
to Mary Anne PRICE-BROWNE with children:

Walter Alfred O'MEARA 1863-1939 married 1892 to Annie Mary McKinnon GRAVES; Frederick Arthur O'MEARA 1864-1887, Anna Beatrice Edith O'MEARA 1865 married
1886, Lahore (Pakistan),
to Sir Ernest de BRATH 1858-1933;
Bulkeley Ernest Adolphus O'MEARA 1867-1916 married to Edith HINES; Marie Alice Emma O'MEARA 1867-1867; Charles Albert Edmund O'MEARA 1868-1923 married 1900, Umballa (India), to Mabel Katherine HILL; Florence Agnes Elizabeth O'MEARA 1869 married
1890, Umballa (India),
to Herbert WALTON; Herbert Harry William O'MEARA 1873; Camille Gertrude O'MEARA 1877 married,
Bombay (India),
to Gordon Hay ANDERSON 1877.

5. Mathilde Pauline Marie O'MEARA b. 1835, married in 1858 to Victor CHEVREUL.

At margin the first note:

O'MEARA, BARRY EDWARD (1783 or 1786 - 1836), surgeon to Napoleon I, born in Ireland in 1786, was the son of Jeremiah O'Meara. Barry was the third of four children of soldier Jeremiah O'Meara and his wife Catherine nee Harpur. Barry Edward O'Meara also known as O'Meara, O'Mara; Dr. Barry Edward O'Meara was born at Newtown House, Blackrock, Dublin, Ireland or he was born
in Mallow by the Blackwater River, 34 km north-west of Cork, in the Munster County, Ireland; died in London, England.
Above Jeremiah O'Meara married Kathleen Murphy (Barry Edward's mother was Miss Murphy, sister of Edmund Murphy, M.A. of Trinity College, or it is more likely that she was Catherine nee Harpur). Barry was husband of Theodosia Anna Maria Boughton and Mary O'Meara; father of Edward O'Mara; Dennis O'Mara and Thomas O'Mara. Already by 1819 he was fluent in two foreign languages French and Italian.
O'Meara claimed that his father Jeremiah Meara was born 1736 / 1737; Jeremiah Meara was highly respected officer in the 29th (Worcester) Regiment of Foot; served in North America under the Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington. The 29th Foot regiment left Dublin for Canada in 1765; Jeremiah Meara was storekeeper in Fort Frederick in 1766-1768; was honoured with a special mark of royal favour by George III, who was graciously pleased to grant him a pension for the loyalty during the uprising of the Oak Boys - they were Protestant insurgents in 1763 in Armagh, Tyrone, Derry and Fermanagh against unfair taxes.
Barry Edward O'Meara was founding member of the Reform Club, who accompanied Napoleon to St. Helena and became his physician, having been surgeon on board the Bellerophon when the emperor surrendered himself. At the beginning of 1804 he entered the 62nd Regiment as an assistant surgeon; he served in Egypt under Major General McKenzie Fraser;
he had son Dennis O'Meara; O'Meara's granddaughter, Kathleen O'Meara was a Catholic writer based in Paris.
Catherine married mentioned above Jeremiah in 1781 and four children were born, Barry O'Meara being the third of three brothers, the eldest - Hely Fitzpatrick - born in 1782 and Charles Stanhope in 1784; their sister Charlotte was the last of the children.
Above Jeremiah O'Meara was owner of a property in Co. Tipperary - north-east of Cork. See: John O'MEARA 1797-1867 and Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK 1809-1889. John O'MEARA b. 17 March 1797 in Borrisokane, Tipperary; parents of mentioned John O'Meara were Jack O'MEARA b. ca 1770, and Ann MORAN.
Jeremiah O'Meara born 1736/1737 in Dublin maybe, to his father, Tadhg (Thomas) O'Meara, a well-known attorney, and Jeremiah also became an attorney.
Upon Ed Murphy's death, he left half of his estate (including property in Co. Tipperary and a house in Blackrock, just outside of Dublin), to Jeremiah. Jeremiah's father already owned property in both places. Jeremiah set up his law practice in Mallow, Cork, Ireland.
Friend of Barry Yelverton, member of parliament; Lord Charlemont, who built a temple in Dublin; Henry Grattan, Member of Parliament, and John Philpot Curran, also a member of Parliament.
Above Thomas owner of Athea estate, in the Limerick County, west-south Ireland; Tadhg (Thomas) O'Meara, esquire, also known as Terence (Terentius) or Thomas, born on the family's farm in Athea. Born ca 1700 / 1710; owner of his County Tipperary estate; a prominent and successful attorney in Dublin; Thomas had a single son, Jeremiah.
Thomas was son of William O'Meara - William O'Meadhra was educated, by his father and uncle, at the secret school they held at Carraig an Oifrean in Athea, Co. Limerick. His family had been prosperous during the early part of his childhood, which was spent in Wicklow. Studied Latin and Greek, poetry, mathematics and geometry, history; William O'Meara was a prosperous dairy farmer with lands and tenats. Wicklow - 50 km south of Dublin.
And second note at margin:
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829 in Paris, France, d. 1904 / 1908 in London, England; he was son of John O'Meara and Elizabeth Sophie. John O'Meara, b. 1797 in Borrisokane, Co Tipperary, central part of Ireland, south-west of Dublin; John died 1867 in Paris. Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - was half brother of Josephine Camille O'Meara and Mathihilde O'Meara. Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was born on the 9th December 1829 in Paris and died at Addison Gardens, London, in 1904; he was secretary of the Cercle Imperial Club in Paris, was a cashier in Salt Manufacturing of his brother-in-law's company at Stoke Prior in England, and finally was a wine merchant; married to Marie Camille nee Blot.
Parents of above named Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829: John O'MEARA 1797-1867 and Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK 1809-1889. John O'MEARA married in 1827, Paris to Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK, born 28 October 1809 in Bordeaux, to James Augustin FITZPATRICK and Sophie Marguerite SCHRAEDER.
Parents of mentioned John O'Meara: Jack O'MEARA b. ca 1770, and Ann MORAN.
Why James Augustin FITZPATRICK found himself in France between 1805 and 1809, we do not know.


Roman Pilar was the cousin of the Dzerzhinsky - Roman Adolfovich / Romualdas Liudvikas Adolfovich Pillar Pilhau was one of the prominent of the initial period of the Cheka - the Deputy Chief of counterintelligence Cheka, deputy chairman of Belarus GPU, then People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of Belarus, then worked at senior positions in the Central Asia in 1937, as chief of the NKVD in the Saratov region, was arrested and executed (pay attention to his last post - in the Saratov region was larger numbers of Germans, there was even a Republic of the Volga Germans).
Roman Pilar Pilchau / R. Pillar Pilhau was one of closest personal friends and relatives to the known leader of the security organs - Artuzov.
Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov Frauchi headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service from August 1931 to May 1935. Artuzow created on May 8, 1922 the counterintelligence department of the GPU.
Artusov / Artuzow / Fraucci knew French. This counterintelligence department was structural unit of the GPU - OGPU, because on May 6, 1922 on the management meeting of the State Political Administration DECIDED to ESTABLISH the structure of a special unit to combat with foreign espionage;
the first leaders: Felix Dzerzhinsky, Vyacheslav Menzhinsky and Arthur Artuzov. Everyone from the structure of the Swiss-Estonian and of the Polish nobility of Belarus, I have discussed.
Artuzow was in years 1927-1931 - Assistant Chief of the Secret operational management. Artuzov / Artuzow - Frautchi on 01/01/1931 Deputy (Deputy Head of the Foreign Department INO OGPU) and 31 July 1931 headed Foreign department of the OGPU; when creating 10 July 1934 NKVD he headed foreign intelligence, but replaced 21/05/1935 by Slutsky and transferred to {in MAY 1935}
the Main Intelligence Directorate on the post of Deputy, on 11th January 1937 lost this post;
he was also the Corps Commissar on 21/11/1935; Artuzow / Artuzov was on 13.05.1937 appointed on the registration Department and Artuzov Frauchi was arrested on the same day May 13, 1937 as part of the 'Plot of the Generals' (he was executed on August 21, 1937). Wife of Artuzow: Inna Mikhailovna, in 1938, June 20 accused of spying for the French intelligence service on the grounds that she went twice 'under the guise of treatment' in Paris, where she was recruited; Artuzov Hristianovich Arthur was her husband, living with her from 1934. On August 26, 1938 Ulrich announced the verdict: the death penalty; first wife Lydia Artuzov Slugina escaped arrest;
mother of Artuzov, Augusta Avgustovna {see below} died shortly after the arrest of Arthur Christianovich; father Christian Petrovich Fraucci / Frautchi {see below} and uncle Peter Fraucci / Frautchi died in 1923. Son Kamil / Camill was arrested in 1941; on March 23, 1938 was arrested brother Rudolph Hristianovich Frauchi, was shot by the NKVD in Butovo; the second brother, Victor Hristianovich, moved to Kazan, and became well-known professor; Artusov disagreed with Stalin in matters of Poland and Germany, has also tried to observe certain standards of conduct during the purges of the thirties.
After arrest of Artuzow / Artuzov was a secret trial, and Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky / Tuchachevski, Iona Yakir, Ieronim Uborevich, Robert Eideman, August Kork, Vitovt Putna, Boris Feldman, Vitaly Primakov and Yakov Gamarnik (suicide) were accused with planning a military coup on May 15, 1937; they were executed on the night of June 11-12, 1937. Marshal Tukhachevsky / Tuchachevski, Corps Commanders Yefimov, Eideman and Appoga were all arrested on the same day - 22 May 1937; on 24 May 1937, the Politburo passed the following resolution: '...Tukhachevsky, as participant in an anti-Soviet Trotsky-Right conspiratorial bloc ... having engaged in espionage activity against the USSR on behalf of Fascist Germany'. Between 01 and 10 June 1937, Tukhachevsky was describing the conspiratorial organization and plans for defeating the Red Army.
Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov Frauchi was born in the family of Swiss origin, but Italian nationality {see below}. His father Christian Frautschi came to Russia, where he was engaged in reindeer cheese; cheesemaker, a citizen of the Swiss Federation.
Mother Augusta Avgustovna nee Didrikil b. ? - died in 1938

[Augusta's grandfather was from Scotland. He was in Russia during the War of 1812. He studied at Dorpat, worked as notary, married Latvian woman. One of his many daughters married Estonian - Didrikilya / Didrikil. In this family was born Augusta Avgustovna. Her sisters and brother:
1. Olga Avgustovna Didrikil next of kin to Sverdlov; Olga Avgustovna, married exiled Bolshevik Mikhail Kedrov. Olga Avgustovna Didrikil - daughter of gamekeeper August Ivanovich Didrikil (Bertha Didrikil nee Sterling / Esterling, married to Avgust Didrikil / August Diederik / Август Иванович Дидрикиль / Didrikil) who served for many years to the Suvorov family, in Prozorovskaya (?) county. Mikhail Kedrov b. 1878, Moscow – killed 1941, secret policeman and one of the builders of the Cheka; on December 20, 1917 was formed Russian Extraordinary Commission headed by F. Dzerzhinsky. Shortly before the First World War Kedrov graduated from the Medical Faculty of the University of Lausanne. Kedrov was reportedly extremely cruel and barbaric, even by the standards of the Red Terror. Kedrov and his son Igor had complained repeatedly to Joseph Stalin about Lavrenti Beria, who increasingly came to control the Soviet secret police in the 1930s. Kedrov in 1912 emigrated to Switzerland. Maintained contacts with Lenin, and lectured medicine at the universities of Bern and Lausanne. In 1916, on the instructions of the Central Committee returned to Russia, on the Caucasian front.
2. Maria Avgustovna remained an old maid but she known the renowned journalist, the future chairman of the OGPU Vyacheslav R. Menzhinsky / Vyacheslav Menzhinsky. Menzhinsky - deputy and successor of the first chairman of the Cheka - Dzerzhinsky.
3. Nina Avgustovna / Anthonine Catherine / Antonina Avgustovna Didrikil / DIDRIKIL Avgustovna Nina b. 1882 - d. 1953 - married to an exile Nicholas Podvoisky / Podvoisky Ivan Ilyich / Podwojski. Podvoisky become one of the founders of the Red Army.
4. Edward Avgustovich Didrikil],

had the Latvian and Estonian roots, and one of her grandfathers was a Scot; her father Avgust Didrikil / August Diederik, her mother Bertha Sterling / E'sterling / Stirling / EASTERLING born 1835, d. 1891 - her parents: Edward Sterling from Scotland / Esterling / EASTERLING and Elena Shtaal / Staal / Shtaal from Riga and Livland.
Edward Sterling / Esterling (b. ca 1807/1809) and Elena Shtaal / Elena Staal from Riga and Livland had daughters:
1. Odile Sterling / Esterling b. 1830 (Latvia?) at farmhouse in Yucca / Iukka, and
2. Bertha Didrikil born in Riga in 1835 died in 1891, also
3. Charlotte Sterling / Esterling and
4. Alvina Sterling / Esterling.
Probably that is Yukka, Yuka at Crimea, close to Заозерное / Ялы́-Мойна́к / Yalı Moynaq / Ялы Мойнакъ, 10 км south-west of Евпатория, western Crimea.
Above named Bertha Didrikil nee Sterling / Esterling b. 1835 in Riga, m. Avgust Didrikil / August Diederik / Август Иванович Дидрикиль / Didrikil; her son Edward Avgustovich Didrikil and her daughter Augusta Avgustovna nee Didrikil b. ? - died in 1938
[Avgustovna Augusta m. to named above Swiss cheesemaker; Christian's Frauchi wife was interlocutor of Podvoisky, Kedrov, Ангарский / Angarskij and Klestov. In 1903 the whole family Frauchi / Frautschi moved to Novgorod province, where, moving from one estate to another, Arthur's father, together with his assistants was doing cheese. Estates: Zhdanov, Mikhailovsky, Putyanin, Petrovskoe, Davydkina];
her father was mentioned above Edward Sterling / Esterling who had named above daughters: Odile Esterling b. 1830 (Latvia?) at farmhouse in Yucca / Iukka, and above Bertha Didrikil born in Riga in 1835 died in 1891, also Charlotte Esterling and Alvina Esterling.

And we back to the STERLING family of Scotland and Ireland:
John Sterling was born at Kaimes Castle, rented by his father, in the Isle of Bute, on the 20th July, 1806. Both his parents were Irish by birth, Scotch by extraction.
Edward Sterling - his father - a man was originally of Waterford; son of the Episcopalian Clergyman there; family founded by a Colonel Robert Sterling, called also Sir Robert Sterling; a Scottish Gustavus Adolphus soldier. Edward Sterling a man experienced in fortunes and changes, a native of Waterford, born 27th February, 1773; his father, resided in the Deanery House, kinsmen the Beresfords generally, whose grand house of Curraghmore, near by Waterford, was a familiar haunt of his and his childrens; had inherited political connections; there were daughters of the family; but Edward was the only son - he had studied at Trinity College, Dublin. He visited the Inns of Court here; 1803, at a ball in Derry he met with Miss Hester Coningham; 1804, Hester Coningham, only daughter of John Coningham, Esquire, Merchant in Derry, and of Elizabeth Campbell his wife, was wedded to Captain Sterling; his father was now dead;
their first son Anthony, Captain Anthony Sterling, was born at Dundalk, in January, 1805.
Hester Coningham, married to EDWARD Sterling on 5th April 1804; Hester was only daughter of John Coningham, merchant in Derry, and Elizabeth Campbell, of the Campbells of Sunderlaud in Isle.
Hester's 3 sons:
Anthony [b. 1805, see below],
John Sterling (m. Susannah Barton with three sons: Edward 1831, Charles b. 1839, John 1840) d. 1844, and
Edward [Edward Sterling / Esterling (b. ca 1807/1809) m. Elena Shtaal / Elena Staal from Riga and Livland],
and a one daughter!

Waterford - here above Sterling was born on 27th February, 1773; this family resided in the Deanery House, kinsmen the Beresfords generally, whose grand house of Curraghmore, near by Waterford; Curraghmore - 5 km north-west of Portlaw; 20 km north-west of Waterford; east of Clonmel, southern Ireland.

See: the MacSwiney family of Macroom; and the Lucas family, the Konarskis and Taaffe; the Nugent family and Sidney Reilly who was son of George and Pauline Reilly of the Irish town of Clonmel.

We back now to Edward Sterling (1773 - 1847) who was a British journalist. He went from Ireland
{he came from William Sterling of Munster province in Ireland, who was brother of ROBERT STERLING, Colonel, from STIRLING of KEIR. We know on John STIRLING 6th of Kippendavie, b. 1742 in Kippendavie, close to Dunblane, the Perth county, in Scotland, died in 1816 in Kippenross, Dunblane, Perth; John succeeded his brother Patrick in the lands in 1775; he acquired the estate of Kippenross from William Pearson in 1778, and the superiority of Kippendavie, Lanrick, Auchinbie, Shanraw, and Woodland from James Stirling of Keir in 1813. His parents: Patrick STIRLING 4th of Kippendavie b. 1704 in Kippendavie, Dunblane, Perth, and Margaret DOUGLAS b. 1708 in Of Aberdeen, Scotland; John m. Mary GRAHAM}
to Scotland and took to farming at Kames Castle. In 1804 he married Hester Coningham. "...One of her uncles had made a fortune through the sugar plantations of St Vincent, and his money, based on slave labour, supported the Sterlings". In 1810 the family removed to Llanblethian in the Vale of Glamorgan; contributed a number of letters to The Times, which were reprinted in 1812, and a second series in 1814, when he moved to Paris, but on the escape of Napoleon from Elba in 1815 took up residence in London.
See more: http://konstantynowicz.info/encyklopedia_internetowa_Polski_Niepodleglej_czesc_2_1772-1989/index.html
"John Sterling was his second son [see above], the elder being Colonel Sir Anthony Coningham Sterling (1805 - 1871), who besides serving in the Crimea and as military secretary to Lord Clyde during the Indian Mutiny, was the author of The Highland Brigade in the Crimea and other books". Above John Sterling (1806 - 1844), was a Scottish author, born at Kames Castle on the Isle of Bute, the son of Edward Sterling; at the University of Glasgow; in 1824 entered Trinity College, Cambridge; in London, employing himself actively in literature; marriage to Susannah, daughter of Lieutenant-General Charles Barton (1760 - 1819) and his wife Susannah. In 1841 Sterling moved to Falmouth. His son, Major-General John Barton Sterling (1840 - 1926), after entering the navy, went into the army in 1861. Above colonel Sir Anthony Coningham Sterling 1805 - 1871, was a British Army officer and historian, author of The Highland Brigade in the Crimea; eldest son of Captain Edward Sterling, by Hester, daughter of John Coningham of Derry, was born at Dundalk in 1805. John Sterling was a younger brother; the Crimean campaign of 1854 - 1855, as assistant adjutant-general to the Highland division.

Genealogy of the DIDRIKIL family:

Didrikil Edward son of August / Avgust Didrikil / Didrikil Jeduard / Дидрикиль Эдуард, journalist of an Agriculture newspapers, in the Pskov government in 1913.

The wife of N. I. PODVOYSKY was Nina Avgustovna DIDRIKIL, 1882 - 1953, her father was above named ДИДРИКИЛЬ Август / DIDRIKIL Avgust.

Her sister Augusta Avgustovna married Frauchi Christian Petrovich with son Frautschi ​​Artusow Hristianovich Arthur 1881 - 1937 / 1938?, and with daughter Frauchi Vera Christianovna.

Her second sister Olga Avgustovna married КЕДРОВ / Kedrov Mikhail S. 1878 - 1941, son of a notary, with sons: Kedrov Bonifatii Mikhailovich b. 1903, philosopher, chemist, and with the second son Kedrov Igor Mikhailovich 1908-40, working in subjection Dekanozov, arrested in April 1939 and was shot.

The family Sverdlov [next of kin to N. I. PODVOYSKY and Nina Avgustovna DIDRIKIL]:

SVERDLOV Michael Izrailevich / Moshe Serdlin / Mikhail Saveliev, a native of Lithuania, d. 1921, m. to Elizabeth Solomonovna d. 1900, and second time married to КОРМИЛЬЦЕВА Мария Александровна / Kormiltsev Maria, with:
1. daughter Софья Михайловна 1882-1951 or Pauline, her husband Awerbach / Averbach / Auerbach, owner of the steamship company on the Volga - her children
a. Leopold Auerbach Leonidovich 1903-1939, literary critic and member of the Union of Soviet Writers, married to Bonch-Bruevich Vera Vladimirovna, daughter of Vladimir Dmitrievich Bonch-Bruevich;
b. Ida Leonidovich d. 1938, Deputy of Moscow prosecutor, her husband Henryk Jagoda / ЯГОДА Генрих Григорьевич or Иегода Енон Гершонович / Iegoda Enone Gershonovich, 1891-1938, with son Garik Jagoda 1929 - ? (Ida Leonidovich Auerbach was niece of the Y. M. Sverdlov).
2. Zalman or Yeshua Zolomon Movshev PESHKOV, b. ca 1885-1966, adopted by M. Gorky, went abroad in 1903 to France joined the Foreign Legion.
3. Yakov Mikhailovich, 1885-1919, married Claudia Novgorodtseva Timofeevna, merchant's daughter, with son Andrey Yakovlevich b. ca 1911/14 - 1969, in 1935 and again in 1937 he was arrested, later he served in the NKVD, his wife - Podvoiskaya Nina 1916-1996, daughter of above named N. I. Podvoysky (N. I. PODVOYSKY + Nina Avgustovna DIDRIKIL 1882 - 1953, her father ДИДРИКИЛЬ Август / DIDRIKIL Avgust; her sister Augusta Avgustovna + Italian-Swiss origin Frauchi Christian Petrovich - son Frautschi ​​Artusow Hristianovich Arthur 1881-1938).
4. Veniamin Mikhailovich 1887-1940, owner of the bank in America, 1918 he returned to Russia, arrested in 1937, shot, wife DELEVSKAYA Vera.
5. Sarah M. 1889-1964; 6. Lev Mikhailovich 1891-1914; 7. Herman M. 1905/08-1984; 8. Alexander b. 1910.

We back to Pilar Pilchau:

Alexander von Pilar Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802, Judge of the district of Vilnius, died in 1871 in WILNO - he was great-grandfather of Roman Pilar [see below] / Romuald Ludwig Pilar von Pilchau / Пилляр Роман Александрович / Роман Людвиг Пилар фон Пильхау / Ромуальдас-Людвикас Адольфович Пилляр фон Пильхау!
Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau was married to Ионна Станиславовна Кульвинска / Joanna nee Kulwinska daughter of Stanislaw Kulwinski.
Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau had sister Sophia;
his father Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau was born in 1768 or 1769 in Lida, the Vilna province in Poland, he was Major of the Russian army. Магнус or Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau married to Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю [see below on the BECU family] - she was closest next of kin of Augustas Ludvikas Becu / August Ludwik Becu / August Ludwik Bécu b. 1770 or 1771 in Grodno, son of Jan Ludwik Bécu.

August Ludwik Bécu was owner of Mickuny, married ca 1800 to von Pilar Pilchau 1770-1816 and he had two daughters:
Aleksandra Mianowski nee Becu 1804-1832, closest friend of Juliusz Słowacki;
and Hersylia Januszewski 1808-1872.
August Ludwik Bécu in August 1818 married second time to Salomea Słowacki.

Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau born in 1768 or 1769 in Lida, was son of
Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau / Магнус Вильгельм Пилар фон Пильхау born 1734, who married 1756 in Tallinn / Ревель, to Catharina Helena von Tausas / Катарина Хелена фон Таузас;
place of living: Халлик and Йоггис; Hagar / Hallik in Tamsalu, Estonia, county of Laane-Viru, south-west of Rakvere - eastern Eesti [Gustav Adolf Nikolai Pilar von Pilchau / Gustav Adolf Pilar von Pilchau born in 1841 and died on January 11, 1918 in Haapsalu (Hapsal), Lääne County, Estonia also came from Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilchau b. 1734].
Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau / Pilchau was retired major of the Polish army, died in 1801 in Jöggis / Jőgisuu, he was son of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau and Anna Sophia.

Sons of Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau / Pilchau:

1. Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau / Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau 1767-1830.
Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau was the Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, Maj.-Gen., von Pilhau Yegor Maksimovic or Georg Ludwig, from the family of a professional military, his father was retired major of the Polish army - Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau 1734 - 1801. Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilchau (1734-1801), was landlord of Hallik north - east of Tallinn or rather south-west of Rakvere, Lehtse south-west of Rakvere, Meremőisa close to Keila-Joa, Major (1756), served for the Polish army as Major in 1757. Recorded in service 1780, above Yegor Maksimovic exactly one year later was promoted to sergeant. Received his primary education at home, with the rank of lieutenant was transferred to Narva Infantry Regiment; next to the Vyborg Infantry Regiment; Yegor Maksimovic Pilar participated in a battle with the Swedes under Nyslott; 1803 has been married to Anna Fyodorovna von Hesse / Johanna Agnetha b. 1779, had three sons and two daughters: Alexander (1804 - 1866), Lieutenant-Captain of the Guards; Nicholas (1815 - 1887) and George (1819 - 1882); Elizabeth 1808, Elena 1811.

2. mentioned above Major Магнус Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 or 1769
(his wife was named above Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю / Maria Becu with her children: Zofia / София Пилар фон Пильхау and a son who was born in Wilno / Вильнюс - Alexandr / Alexander Karl / Aleksander Karol Pilchau Pilar, b. 1802. Magnus Fabian's closest next of kin: Бокельберг or Фокельберг / Vokelberg, Фридрих фон Руктешель in Йоггис; Шталь фон Гольштейн / Holstein; фон Людер / Luder who died 1857).

3. Engineer Major Jacob Maksimovic / Jakob Johann Baron / Jakob Johann Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1774.

Adolf Konstantin Jakob Pilar von Pilchau, a Baltic German politician, regent, the owner of the Audern, his birthplace after his father's death in 1870, and Sauga. Audru / Audern, 8 to 10 km north-west-north of Parnu city [see Jerzy Konstantynowicz with nickname Marian Stankiewicz or Marian Konstantynowicz], is a small borough. Sauga / Sauck, 6 km north of Parnu core, in Pärnu County, southwestern Estonia. Adolf (Alf) Konstantin Jakob Baron Pilar von Pilchau died June 17, 1925 in Pernau (Pärnu), Pärnumaa, Estland.
The father of Adolf Pilar von Pilchau was Fredrik Adolf Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau, Baron, born and died in Audru / Audern, 1814 - 1870; the grandfather - above Jakob Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau 1774 - 1814.

4. Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau b. 1777 and died in 1847 in Jöggis (Jogisoo);
married Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm. He was son of Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau 1734 - 1801 in Jöggis / Jogisoo; the grandson of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau 1709 - 1752 in Reval; great-grandson of Friedrich Jakob Pilar von Pilchau 1675 - 1710, who was son of Nikolaus Georg Pilar von Pilchau.

We look now at the genealogy of CARL MAGNUS Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803, Yoggis / Jogisoo near KEILA (see HACKER or Hakker family next of kin to the ARMANDS and PASZKOWSKI - Konstantynowicz) - 8 km east-south (or in Padis / Padise), he died in 1862, Revel, the owner of Jogisoo / Yoggisa and Pallu ca 6 km south of above named Jogisoo, in Estonia (Yoggis / Jogisoo / Yoggisa / Jöggis). Chief of District. Baronial title in 1855.
His wife was Katharina Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt / MORENSHILD [see Lee Oswald and Kennedy] / Katharina Augusta Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1811 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland that is Kreuz Hof, died in 1855, Revel, the daughter of Berend von Mohrenschildt, owner of Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald and Eleanor Juliana Elisabeth von Rosenthal.
That is Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth Rosenthal daughter of Gustav Heinrich von Wetter-Rosenthal.
CARL MAGNUS Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was a cousin of Karl Magnus Pilar von Pilchau, husband of Princess Kudasheva Kitty b. 1811, granddaughter of Field Marshal Kutuzov.
Karl Magnus Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was son of Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm.
Mentioned above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau married Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm; Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau b. 1777 and died in 1847 in Jöggis (Jogisoo), was son of above named Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau 1734 - 1801 in Jöggis / Jogisoo.

Above mentioned Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau [born 10.2.1802] had son Stanisław Count Pilar von Pilchau [born ca 1830] owner of Mickuny close to Nowa Wilejka, polonised, but from the Baltic German from Estland and Latvia.
Stanislaw married to Zofia Januszewska (come from Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera born 1806), she died on 28 Jan 1898, Wilno.
Zofija Pilar von Pilchau born Januszewska was sister of Januszewski Dzerzhinsky Helena [she died in 1896], mother of Felix Dzerzhinsky.

Son of above named Stanislaw Pilar von Pilchau and ZOFIA:
Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny, next of kin of Feliks Dzierżyński.
Helena Joanna Krzywiec born 1864, died on 8 Aug. 1955 in Mickuny; her son Roman Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1894 in Mickuny close to Wilno / Vilnius, d. 1937 [1938 ?].

Above Romuald Roman baron Pilar Pilchau [Romuald Ludwig Pilar von Pilchau or Roman Pilar von Pilchau / Roman Pilljar / Romuald Pilar von Pilchau / Romuald Ludwig von Pilar Pilchau], in Sept. 1905 lived in Wilno [to September 1910 - Vilnius secondary school], then in Zurich [Helena sent Roman Pilchau Pilar to study in Switzerland 1910 to 1911 - real school. "Nothing helped. He came back. Then he went in the other direction, to Russia, to Petrograd, where he studied law. From Dzerzhinsky not departed"], next to Аренсбург / Arensburg in the Лифляндская губерния / Livland government, and in Даниловo / Danilovo in the Jaroslav government [when German troops occupied the Saaremaa, Pilar von Pilchau evacuated to the Yaroslavl Province]. Pilar Roman / ПИЛЛЯР РОМАН АЛЕКСАНДРОВИЧ (РОМУАЛЬД ФОН ПИЛЬХАУ) in Arensburg / Аренсбург on Saaremaa Island, was living since September 1911 to March 1917. And different details: Roman was in Аренсбург / Arensburg / Kuressaare from September 1911 [he continued study in Kuressaare Gymnasium] to 1918, or 1911 to 1915.

Note on the BECU family [see above]:

August Ludwik Bécu owner of Mickuny, married ca 1800 to von Pilar Pilchau 1770 / 1771-1816 and had two daughters:
1. Aleksandra Mianowski nee Becu 1804-1832, closest friend of Juliusz Słowacki, and
2. Hersylia Januszewski 1808-1872, m. Teofil Januszewski, brother of Salomea - mother of poet Juliusz Słowacki.

August Ludwik Bécu in August 1818 married second time to Salomea Słowacki, when Juliusz Slowacki aged 8. August Ludwik Becu was sent in 1803 - 1804 from (Russia) the Vilna University to Scotland (UK) to investigate smallpox vaccination!
Note:
Bécu August, the royal adviser, freemason of "L'Hereuse Délivrance" in Grodno, chairman after 1781 and before 1784.
BÉCU Jan Ludwik [Bécu Louis] born ca 1741, died after 1797, industrial and commercial activist, freemason of "L'Hereuse Délivrance" (Grodno), secr. in 1786.
Bécu Jacob, the brother of above Jan Ludwik Becu / Louis; a royal adviser, 1771-1780 Inspector General of the Tyzenhauz factories in Grodno, 1780-1787 supervising them, freemason of "L'Hereuse Délivrance" (Grodno) in 1781 [J. V. Antoine Godin, Chair of the Master of Wilna; freemasons in Grodno in 1817: J. E. Gilibert, J. Becu, Louis Wiazowski, J. Sacco, J. Gimel, Charles Gottlieb / Golt, Jean Godefroi Walter, J. H. Müntz, Zacharius Büttner, Jean Louis Becu, Ephraim Gottlieb, Kaus, François Narwoysz, Chresteon Ernst Fechner, Gembowski, Siegfrierd Schmidt, Jurewicz, V. S. Antoine, Fr. Schreiber].


The Templar masonry in England and the Order of MALTA:

Thomas Dunckerley (1724 - 1795) was a Provincial Grand Master of several provinces, this was made possible by an annuity of Ł100, rising to Ł800, which he obtained in 1767 from King George III by claiming to be his illegitimate half brother - the Prince of Wales, later King George II, was Thomas' natural father.
At this time, in 1751 Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund und Altengrotkau began the Order of Strict Observance [with the superior, Prince Charles Edward Stuart], which came from the reconstituted Templar Order in 1743 in Paris.

Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (1720 - 1788), was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (as Charles III). In 1742, Lord Kilmarnock and other exiled Stuart participants received Karl Gotthelf, Baron Von Hund into the Order of the Temple in Paris showing the Jacobite Templar link still existed; and in 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart given a gala meeting for the Chivalry of the Order in Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.

Jacobitism was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland.

The next step was in 1779 when the High Knights Templar of Ireland Lodge, Kilwinning, obtained a charter from Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Scotland.
"This lodge now began to grant dispensations to other lodges to confer the Knights Templar Degree. Some time around 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836". "The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780".

In 1791, Dunckerley became the Grand Master of the first national Grand Conclave of English Masonic Knights Templar; then followed, in 1805 by their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, who became Grand Master himself. Kilwinning Abbey was a home to the Knights Templar and birthplace of the Freemasons.

In 1796 Alexander Deuchar becomes the Heritor to the Jacobite Templar legacy. Alexander Deuchar (1777 - 1844) stayed in Lyon, his family had been Jacobite; in 1807, Deuchar holds a meeting of Knights Templar in Edinburgh; the new Order started formally in 1805 "when a charter was issued to by the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland (previously the High Knight Templars of Ireland Lodge), under the title of the Edinburgh Encampment No 31" - it became the Grand Assembly of Knights Templar in Edinburgh; the charter was granted in 1811, for the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulcher, and of St. John of Jerusalem.
In 1813 Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, became Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and in December 1813 - above Prince Edward became Grand Master of the Antient Grand Lodge of England.

Mentioned above the Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus, b. 1767, died in 1820, was the fifth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and the father of Queen Victoria! The Duke of Kent was appointed Field-Marshal of the Forces in 1805. His wife was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld with daughter Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom. His mother - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Martinism "as a mystical tradition, it was first transmitted through a masonic high-degree system established around 1740 in France by Martinez de Pasqually, and later propagated in different forms by his two students Louis Claude de Saint-Martin and Jean-Baptiste Willermoz". Or Martinism is a specific form of Christian mysticism, an esoteric Christianity; founded 1754 in Paris, by Martinez Paschalis, and
in 1775 by Louis Claude de Saint Martin, near to Illumine [Illuminate] - Jean Willermoz who voted the death of the King of France in 1782.
The Scottish Rectified Rite or Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cite-Sainte was originally a Masonic rite, a reformed variant of the Rite of Strict Observance, which underlies both Martinism and the practices of the Elus-Cohens; was founded in the late 18th century by Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, who was a pupil of Martinez de Pasqually and a friend of Saint-Martin.
The Modern Martinist Order was established with three degrees in Paris.
Above Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick 1721 - 1792; Scottish Rite; he is the same Duke of Brunswick who was mentioned in Robison's secret Illuminati membership list, patron of the Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot. The Sabbatian Vienna Lodge of the Asiatic Brethren was founded by Jacob Frank's cousin, Moses Dobrushka, alias Von Schoenfeld.
Jonathan Eybeschütz born in Cracow in 1690, d. Altona, 1764, was a Talmudist, Rabbi of the "Three Communities": Altona, Hamburg and Wandsbek. According to Jacob Katz, Jonathan Eybeschütz's grandson was rumored to be Baron Thomas von Schoenfeld, an apostate Jew who inherited his grandfather's collection of Sabbatean kabbalistic works. He eventually left the Sabbatean movement and founded a
Masonic lodge called the Asiatische Bruder, one of four Illuminati lodges in Vienna.
After his uncle's death in 1791, he was offered the leadership of the Frankist movement which he refused.
Above Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg b. 1721, Wolfenbüttel, was a German-Prussian field marshal (1758 - 1766) "known for his participation in the Seven Years' War. From 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army in Western Germany which successfully repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover...".

The vocation to live a few pseudo-secret organizations, very fast , with extremely strange names and rituals, names dating back to the deep Middle Ages, causes the astonishment and even awakens laughter. In the course of 50 years each of these organizations tried to take control of the other [1740-1790].
The United Kingdom, Russia and France sent out for supreme positions in these organizations, his trusted men, too. Only the United Kingdom has been successful taking over control of the Scottish mysterious structures, but it was in the years 1790-1800. A previously plan of mysterious brain was successful. From England broke away its colonies [without Canada] in the years around 1776-1785.
Blows from the inside hit in France and Poland [1780s] destroying the two countries; Poland disappeared from the map of the world for about 120 years, but France survived the chaos of the Jacobin revolution and Napoleonic wars.
It broke out a strange uprising in Russia, operettas and provoked, of the Decembrists, as if someone wanted to prove that Russia is not directed underground movements against Poland, Great Britain and France [and even earlier already against Bavaria; and later against the Papacy in Italy], and at the turn of the 19th and 20th century also against Turkey.
But it is Russia suffered the greatest benefits of the revolutionary turmoil in North America and France - but rather in the whole of central and Western Europe at the end of the 18th century.
Discussed below mysterious organization is nothing more than the 18-century intelligence agencies of a foreign power.
For Germany, England, France, and Poles and also for Baltic Germans, remained the hardest way - but also the way bringing the greatest benefits - take over the underground structures, when it takes on the momentum and becomes the might; best to immediately take over the head of structure - the supreme authority of underground networks and the supreme command of Russian intelligence.
It had to be, however, protect from the rear - creating from the ground up a modern counterintelligence of the Tsarist Russia, by the Baltic Germans already infiltrated from Ireland and Scotland.
Objectives were clear - the overthrow of the Romanov dynasty and abridgment of Russia to the national core [1917-1922]. The whole plan should have been conducted in Europe now plunged into chaos of war - it is the First World War [1914-1918]. So plan for dismantling of the colonial powers: England and France, ended with a defeat - and the same multi-level underground structure has become a tool of western intelligence services.

In this ensemble, ready to act, entered Polish independence movement of Pilsudski, using additional family connections with the Baltic Germans, Irish and Scots. This was the largest triumph of Poles in the period 1618-2015.
Pilsudski never could let - during his life - destroyed of this work [1926], as his successor Marshal Rydz Smigly [1939-1941].
Greatest defeat suffered Poles in the years 1937-1945, and to this day is difficult for them to get up.

Of course, already other countries took a leading role in this web network in the 20th century; only suggests - USA, Great Britain, Russia and Israel ...

Below we have the details of the movements of underground in Europe in the period 1740-1790, which also reached North America.

Robert Welch in 1956 used some of his money to fund various extreme right-wing causes. This included supporting the work of Joseph McCarthy and in 1958 he established the John Birch Society (JBS). In 1956 Welch wrote that top government officials such as John Foster Dulles and Allan W. Dulles were "communist tools". Welch made it clear he wanted a "secret, monolithic organization" that would "operate under completely autoritative control at all levels". British historian John Simkin adds important detail to the story of Ben Bradlee and CIA Counterintelligence Chief James Angleton after the assassination of President Kennedy.
At http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/ we read:
Dan Smoot, the author of The Invisible Government, wrote: "Somewhere at the top of the pyramid in the invisible government are a few sinister people who know exactly what they are doing: they want America to become part of a worldwide socialist dictatorship, under the control of the Kremlin".
Another important supporter of the JBS was William F. Buckley. In April 1961 Major General Edwin Walker, commander of the 24th Infantry Division in Europe and stationed in Augsburg, Germany was accused of indoctrinating his troops with right-wing literature from the John Birch Society.
On 10th April, 1963, Edwin Walker was victim of an assassination attempt while he sat at a desk in his Dallas home. It was later claimed that Lee Harvey Oswald had taken the shot at Walker. Marina Oswald reported that she "asked him what happened, and he said that he just tried to shoot General Walker...".
Haley also suggested that Johnson might have been responsible for the death of John F. Kennedy. Robert W. Welch died on 6th January, 1965 and Lawrence P. McDonald replaced him as chairman of the John Birch Society. "...Interestingly, McDonald was on board the Korean Air Flight KAL-007 when it was shot down by Soviet fighters on 1st September, 1983. He therefore became the first and only congressman ever killed by the Soviets during the Cold War. Some people, including Jesse Helms and Jerry Falwell, believe that McDonald was targeted by the Soviets".

The Illuminati was first seen in the 15th century by occultists proclaiming to have wisdom from a higher source. The secret society became strong in 18th century Germany. It adopted many different grades of Freemasonry. Conspiracies were spun about the forces of order, bureaucracy, and repression. People soon realized that espionage was their main focus, then the French Revolution arrived and changed the country.
The only people who mention the Illuminati anymore is the John Birch Society. Read more: http://www.meta-religion.com/Secret_societies/
The John Birch Society (JBS) is a conservative advocacy group supporting anti-communism; Robert W. Welch, Jr. (1899 - 1985) developed an organizational infrastructure in 1958 of chapters nationwide. Presidents: Robert W. Welch, Jr. (1958 - 1983), Larry McDonald (1983), a U.S. Representative who was killed in the KAL-007 shootdown incident; Robert W. Welch, Jr. (1983 - 1985). Korean Air Lines Flight 007 (also known as KAL007 and KE007) was a scheduled Korean Air Lines flight from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage. On September 1, 1983, the airliner serving the flight was shot down by a Soviet Su-15 interceptor, near Moneron Island west of Sakhalin in the Sea of Japan. All were killed, including Larry McDonald, a Representative from Georgia in the United States House of Representatives.
Arthur R. "Art" Thompson (born 1938 in Seattle) is the CEO of the John Birch Society, and took office in 2005. Thompson believes that Russian communism remains a serious threat to the USA, and is responsible for much global terrorism; Art resides in Appleton, Wisconsin.

The years 1740 - 1790, it's the beginning of the secret Masonic organizations in Germany, Ireland, France and Scotland, as well as in Russia, Poland, Austria.

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730 - 1824) was a "French Freemason and Martinist who played an important role in the establishment of various systems of Masonic high-degrees in his time in both France and Germany". In Lyon he became Grand Master in 1761, also organized "Sovereign Chapter of Knights of the Black Eagle Rose-Cross", was admitted to first grade in the Order of the Elus Cohens at Versailles in 1767 by Martinez de Pasqually; in the 1770s, he came into contact with Baron von Hund and the German Order of the Order of Strict Observance which he joined in 1773; Willermoz introduced also at the Convention of Lyon the Regime Ecossais Rectifie (Rectified Scottish Rite), which combined Templar Freemasonry with the religious ceremonial of the Elect Coens; he defended the place of Martinist currents in the rite; "... he resumed his Masonic activities with a resurgence of the CBCS [the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City; in Lyon in 1778, constituted the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City] in 1804, and dedicated himself to this end until his death ... 1824".
The Rectified Scottish Rite, "also known as Order of Knights Beneficent of the Holy City is a Christian Masonic rite founded in Lyon (France) in 1778". It is derived from the Rite of Strict Observance erected in 1754, the foundation of which was attributed to Baron von Hund; it propounded a theory that freemasonry was developed directly from the Crusading Templars; the Rite was mainly elaborated by Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, including some items coming from the Elect Cohen Order and denying the Templar legacy.
The Elect Cohens, or the Ordre des Chevelier Macons Elus Cohen de L'Univers / Order of Knight-Masons Elect Priests of the Universe / The Martinist Order of the Elect-Cohens, which issued from the Traditional Martinist Order i.e. of the Elus Cohen of Martinez de Pasqually, and of the Order of the Rose-Croix of the Orient; the Elect Cohens, were a society of Cabbalists, organised on 'Scottish' Masonic lines, who were influenced by the Spanish Alumbrados / Sufi; "...they were the first group to be called the Illumines, or Illuminati, though their relatively conservative views were diametrically opposite to the Bavarian Illuminati ... founded in 1765 by the Freemason Jacques de Livron Joachim de la Tour de la Casa Martinez de Pasqually, of Grenoble, France, the Order was initially only open to Master Masons, but later became more open".
"The system of the Strict Observance grew out of what is known as Templarism. Templar Masonry commenced to grow up in France soon after true Freemasonry was introduced. This was about 1725. However, no Grand Lodge was established till 1752. ... The Hospitallers, known officially as Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, was founded at Jerusalem during the first Crusade. ... Some of the Knights went to Russia and elected the Emperor Paul I Grand Master ... In England the Order was never formally suppressed, and in 1888 Queen Victoria granted it a charter. In 1889 King Edward VII, then Prince of Wales was made Grand Prior. ... The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, or, as it is otherwise called, Knights Templar, was founded in Palestine in the 12th century by the Crusaders. ... The Rite of the Strict Observance is based on Templar Masonry. Its founders claimed that all Templars were Masons ... The truth is that all Templar Masonry is descended from a Kadosh degree invented in Lyons, France, in 1743.
... Nevertheless, about 1740, various Rites, or degrees, of Scots Masonry, did spring into existence, followed shortly afterwards by Scots Mother-Lodges controlling systems of subordinate Scots Lodges. ... In 1743 the Masons of Lyons invented the Kadosh degree, comprising the vengeance of the Templars, and thus laid the foundation for all the Templar Rites. It was at first called Junior Elect
... The Rite of Strict Observance was carried from France to Germany as early as 1749. Von Bieberstein, as Provincial Grand Master, was succeeded at his death, about 1750, by Karl Gotheif, Baron Von Hund, and Alten-Grotkau. He was made a Mason in 1742. A year or so afterwards he met at Paris Lord, Kilmarnock, who interested him in Templarism, and he was initiated into the Order of the Temple. He was given a patent and directed to report to the Prov. Grand Master, Von Bieberstein, of the 7th Province in Germany. ...
We can trace its beginnings back to Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scotland, in 1742 - 43. Kilmarnock in Scotland was made a barony ... In 1751 Von Hund began to give particular attention to the restoration of the Order of the Temple and evidently considered it his life work.
... In 1763 a fellow named Leucht, going under the name of Johnson, who had got hold of some Masonic papers relating to Masonry proper, as well as the high degrees, appeared at Jena where there was a Clermont Chapter practicing the Templar degrees in the Strict Observance system, and stated that he had a commission from the Sovereign Chapter in Scotland to reform the German Lodges and impart the true secrets of Masonry ...
An Order called the Clerics turned up and it was supposed for a time that the lost secrets were with it. ... This convention took place at Brunswick and was in session from May 23 to July 6, 1775. ... Baron Von Gugumos was at the Brunswick convention and told different members of it that they were all on the wrong track; that the Strict Observance was an imitation, or rather, only a branch of the true Order, and possessed none of the real secrets; ...
The Convention of Wiesbaden ... on Aug. 15, 1776, with the consent the Prince of Nassau-Usingen, but without that of the Duke of Brunswick. Among those present was the sovereign, the Duke of Nassau; also the Duke of Gotha, the Landgraves Ludwig and George, and many other nobles of lesser note. At one time there was not less than twelve reigning sovereign Princes of Germany members of the Rite of the Strict Observance ... Baron Von Hund died on Oct. 28, 1776 ... In 1782 the Rite of Strict Observance was reorganized by Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, who was elected Grand Master General. The next year, however, the Lodge of the Three Globes of Berlin, with all of its subordinate lodges and the Hamburg Lodges, withdrew from the Strict Observance ...",
acc. to http://blog.templarhistory.com/ by Burton E. Bennett [born 1863 in North Brookfield, New York; 1887, United States, Attorney for Alaska].

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists. In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.
This Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.
Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Philip Monoux Lucas (George Smith Philip Monoux Lucas born ca 1780 ?, d. December 1830; at St. Vincent island 1802 - 1810; lived in Marylebone, Middlesex in 1827) + (ca 1805 ?) Sarah nee Beesly b. in Ireland ca 1781, had daughters:
Anna Maria (1809 - 1846) Lucas married the Austrian Joseph Ferdinand Count de Taafe (d. 1845 near London) in 1842, and
Harriet Fraser Lucas married Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski [see MI5].
Joseph Ferdinand Count de Taaffe b. ca 1792, a Freemason and was a member of the states of Moravia and Bohemia, the Count of the Empire, the Knight of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, great grandson of Nicholas VI Visconne. Nicholas Taaffe was the 6th Viscount Taaffe and 6th Baron of Ballymote, born 1685 at Crean's Castle in county Sligo, Nicholas Taaffe was an Irish-born courtier and soldier who served the Habsburgs in Lorraine and Austria.
Georgina Augusta Konarska was born in 1855 at Brussels, Belgium, and she was the daughter of named above Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas.

The Order of St. John / the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem "first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria. It evolved from a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s and moved to Britain in the early 1830s, where, after operating under a succession of grand priors and different names, it became associated with the founding in 1882 of the St John Ophthalmic Hospital near the old city of Jerusalem and the St John Ambulance Brigade in 1887".

The Knights Templar / The United Religious, Military and Masonic Orders of the Temple and of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes and Malta, is a fraternal order affiliated with Freemasonry. "Unlike the initial degrees conferred in a regular Masonic Lodge, which only require a belief in a Supreme Being regardless of religious affiliation, the Knights Templar is one of several additional Masonic Orders in which membership is open only to Freemasons who profess a belief in Christianity".
"It is known by varying degrees of formality as the Order of Malta, or the Order of Knights of Malta, or the Ancient and Masonic Order of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta. In practice this last and fullest version of the name tends to be reserved to letterheads, rituals, and formal documents".

In 1774, in Poland was established the Grand Priory of the Order of Malta, headed by Prince Adam Poniński. In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte setting off on the Egyptian campaign took Malta and the Order was exiled. Above Adam Poniński b. 1732, was the Speaker of Parliament from 1773 to 1775, and the Prior of the Priory of the Polish Order of the Knights of Malta. In Poland were two 'komandorie' (Commanderies).

The Order of the Knights of Saint John, also known as Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, and the Hospitallers, were among the most famous of the Roman Catholic military orders during the Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic order was further damaged by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. By the early 19th century, the order had been severely weakened by the loss of its priories throughout Europe. Only 10% of the order's income came from traditional sources in Europe, with the remaining 90% being generated by the Russian Grand Priory until 1810. This was partly reflected in the government of the Order being under Lieutenants, rather than Grand Masters, in the period 1805 to 1879, when Pope Leo XIII restored a Grand Master to the order. Copyright by Wikipedia.

The Russian Emperor, Paul I, gave the largest number of knights shelter in St. Petersburg, an action which gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitallers and the Order's recognition among the Russian Imperial Orders. The refugee knights in St Petersburg proceeded to elect Tsar Paul as their Grand Master – a rival to Grand Master von Hompesch until the latter's abdication left Paul as the sole Grand Master. In 1834, the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since.
Michał Radziwiłł Red (1870 - 1955 in Santa Cruz de Tenerife) was a nobleman and diplomat in the embassy of the Russian Empire in Paris. He was also a Knight of Malta. He was born to Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Pelagia Sapieha; his great grandfather was Prince Anton Radziwill and his great grandmother was Princess Louise of Prussia (1770 - 1836).
Above Ferdynand Fryderyk Radziwiłł (1834 in Berlin - 1926 in Rome), was also a Knight of Malta since 1889; father of Janusz Franciszek, Michał Radziwiłł Red, Karol Ferdynand; son of Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł and Leontyna Gabriela von Clary und Aldringen. 1874-1919 member of Reichstag.
Above Janusz Franciszek Ksawery Józef Bronisław Maria Radziwiłł 1880 in Berlin - d. 1967, 1935 - 1939 senator; was also a Knight of Malta since 1926 as President.
Stefan Przezdziecki, Rajnold Przezdziecki; Alfred Chłapowski, too.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich, having a rather large estate in Igumen County, made ​​a career of the noble service in native county, had friendly relations with the most influential families of the county: Wankowicz, Konstantynowicz, Osztarp, Moniuszko, Jelski, Pruszynski, Slotwinski, Janiszewski; he hold positions of cornet in the Igumen county (1802-1804), chairman of the Igumen county court (1804-1805), Marshal of the Igumen county (1805-1808). He got quite rare in those days, the Maltese Order of St John of Jerusalem. He became a member of the local Masonic lodges, which was very popular and common in those days - "Vladislav Jagiello" and The Peace Room / 'The shrine room'.

Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Francis Servatius Hutten-Czapski b. 1851, d. 1937, in 1890 negotiated with Pope Leo XIII end of the Kulturkampf in Germany; he was friend with the Cardinals of the Vatican; persuaded the German general staff to support the Bolsheviks (1916 - 1917) and in the independent Poland (since 1918) was the president of the Polish Association of the Knights of Malta.
His father Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 / Joseph Napoleon Hutten-Czapski: November Uprising 1831, on December 14, 1831 on the English ship sailed to (January 1832) Ireland, to Dublin; the Masonic lodges friends obtained for him a French passport in the name of Joseph Chapman at the beginning of 1833; 1833 - 1837 Czapski traveled from Paris to Switzerland, where he and others young revolutionaries founded 'Young Europe' on April 15, 1834, including the Young Italy, Young Germany and Young Poland. Also he traveled to Italy, Algeria, Spain and London; acc. to H. Koziel, in 1841 he went on a false passport as an Irishman O'Brien to Germany to Munich, Augsburg and Frankfurt. The republican conspirator, a close collaborator of Giuseppe Mazzini.
Bogdan Hutten - Czapski had met on a secret intelligence mission with the family of Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Hutten-Czapska in 1892 in Belarus.
Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Czapska / Countess Hutten-Czapska, b. 1894 in Prague, died in 1981, Maisons-Laffitte, was the granddaughter of Emeryk Czapski / Emeric Hutten-Czapski of the family who had a huge estates from Radziwill, around Minsk, in Curland, Lithuania and Volhynia. Ferdinand Radziwill of the Polish Knights of Malta, has come after Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, an old friend of the Prussian court and military.

Stanisław Sołtan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł d. 1802, daughter of Stanisław and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzięcioł; m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róża Górska. Stanislaw had children:
a. Helena Sołtan + Franciszek Sołtan, member of the Order of Malta,
b. Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warszawa, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839,
c. Karolina Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki [see Dominik Konstantynowicz],
d. Anna Sołtan, b. ca 1790 + Antoni Wańkowicz,
e. Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia, was son of Stanislaus Soltan and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, studied at a high school in Mitawa in 1835- 1842 Courland.

Catherine married Francis Kossakowski (b. 1815), that is Katarzyna O'Brien de Lacy, 1820 / 1827-1910, married Franciszek Korwin-Kossakowski in 1840. Franciszek was born in 1815, in Marciniszki.
Katarzyna Korwin - Kossakowska nee O'Brien de Lacy, was born to Patryk O'Brien de Lacy and Julia O'Brien de Lacy nee von Damme; Patryk was born in 1800. Julia was born in 1800. Katarzyna had brothers - Piotr O'Brien de Lacy, and Aleksander O'Brien de Lacy b. 1830 m. Gabriela Radowicka b. 1850, who had daughter
Aleksandra 1895 - 1987, by www.sejm-wielki.pl: m. ca 1915 to Andrzej Miączyński 1876 - 1936 with daughter
Zofia 1919-2015 m. Stanisław Komorowski 1915-2004 with Andrzej Komorowski 1950, Stanisław Komorowski 1950, Krzysztof Komorowski 1954, Anna.
Grandparents of above Franciszek: Antoni Korwin-Kossakowski 1735-1798 and Eleonora Straszewicz b. 1750; Ludwik Gorski from Retów 1749-1815 and Konstancja Odachowska.
Parents of above Franciszek:
Szymon Korwin-Kossakowski, a member of the Malta Order (the Sulkowskis!), 1777-1828 and Józefa Ewa Rachela Gorska b. 1783. Franciszek d. 1887.
Hipolit Gorski (his sister Józefa Górska married to Szymon Kossakowski b. 1777 in Marciniszki, died in 1828, with sons: Ludwik Kossakowski b. 1805, d. 1843, and Franciszek Kossakowski b. 1815). Hipolit Gorski b. ca 1790 was son of Ludwik Gorski and stepson of Konstancja Odachowska b. 1750.

In 1797 Catherine II gave Augustówek to General Maurice de Lacy for his merits during the Turkish-Russian war. Maurice de Lacy, residing permanently in the palace of King Stanislaus Augustus, compiled in 1819 testament to his nephew, Patrick O'Brien, senior, the son of Terence and Mary de Lacy, captain of troops of England. Even before his death, ie. before 1820, gen. Maurice de Lacy gave to above Patrick O'Brien surname de Lacy, and the Tsar Alexander I to combine the two names in one: O'Brien de Lacy. The founder of the Polish family line became a nephew of Count Maurice - above named senior Peter O'Brien de Lacy. He followed his uncle, serving in the Russian army, and he received from Catherine II, Augustówek, confiscated after the abdication of King Poniatowski. Not having children of their own, Maurice left the palace his nephew Patrick senior, who gave Augustówek in the hands of his younger son Alexander, who married a Polish girl, Gabriela Radowicka. From this marriage were born three daughters: Maria, Genevieve and Alexandra, and three sons: Terence, Patrick junior, and Maurice. Above "...Count Patrick O'Brien de Lacy / de Lassy [junior] had served his life term [a poisoning case] at the Shlisselburg fortress near St. Petersburg until 1917, when he was released together with other prisoners. Soon afterwards he returned to his family's originally native Scotland and, according to one source, was employed as naval engineer at Dundee Shipyard". This is very important information, because Patrick was of Irish origin, but after 1917 emigrated to Scotland and to Dundee, close to Perth. It seems to me that poisoning case could have completely different motives. Please look for Perth and Dundee at my domain! Patrick, who was born in 1790 [1800 ?], married a Miss Egan at Bath, England and was later divorced; he later became known as Patrick O'Brien de Lacy of Grodno [senior]. At the time of John and Johanna Pierse's wedding Mary de Lacy (or Mrs. Mary O'Brien) was dead and her youngest child Patrick O'Brien was 5 years old [senior]. The first recorded birth of a child to John and Johanna Pierse was Maurice in 1804 and who was known as Maurice de Lacy Pierse. Immediately prior to 1815, Patrick O'Brien [senior], then aged 24 or 25, had become a Lieutenant of Militia in the Russian service. Between 1815 and 1819, Patrick O'Brien spent half a year in Russia and half in England because of his poor health. In 1819, at the request of above mentioned General Maurice de Lacy, he took up permanent residence in Russia and, upon the General's recommendation, applied for and obtained a commission in the Guards of the Russian Emperor. Thus, when General Maurice died at Grodno in December 1819 (Jan. 1820 ?), these three, Dr. Condon, Lieutenant Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) senior and named above Maurice de Lacy Pierse, were in attendance at the funeral. Immediately after the funeral, Maurice de Lacy Pierse was persuaded by Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) to go to London from Poland, where he arranged to meet him regarding the contents of the General's will which, O'Brien declared.
Patryk O'Brien de Lacy senior married 2nd to Julia. Despite the fact that neither Patrick O'Brien de Lacy [senior], nor his wife Julia von Damme / Dame were Poles, quickly and completely became the Polish; their six children:
daughter Catherine / Katarzyna married Francis / Franciszek Kossakowski (b. 1815);
son Peter / PIOTR [see below] was married to Louise / Ludwika Ronikier;
Henry / Henryk; Karol / Charles and Maurycy / Maurice [2nd] remained unmarried;
Alexander married Gabriela Radowicka (Alexander O'Brien de Lacy, 1842-1908, son of Patryk O'Brien de Lacy senior and Julia O'Brien de Lacy nee Von Dame. Patryk was born in 1790 [1800 ?]. Alexander and Gabriela nee Radowicka born in 1856, had 6 children: Maria Jaholkowski, Genowefa Zembszuski and so on).
Louise Ronikier that is Ludwika Ronikier was daughter of Kazimierz Jozef Ronikier 1787 - 1863, and Ludwika Zbijewska b. after 1787. Ludwika Ronikier, married to Piotr O'Brien de Lacy / Peter (son of Patryk / Patrick O'Brien de Lacy 1st / senior and Julia), and had son:
Patryk O'Brien de Lacy 2nd (O'Brien de Lacy, Patrick Petrovic, b. 1863, junior), who m. 1st Maria Tanska with children: Piotr junior and Katarzyna; Patryk O'Brien de Lacy 2nd / junior married 2nd to Ludmila Buturlin, that is Ljudmila (b. 1876) nee Buturlin, m. 1st (div) Dmitri Aleksandrovich Buturlin (d. 1942); m. 2nd to Patrick O'Brien de Lacy junior.
Please compare below the genealogical data:
Dmitry Buturlin Sergeevich / Dmitri Buturlin b. 1850-1917 or died on 12.05.1920; Aide to the Head of the General Staff. Gen. Lieutenant (1906), head of the 26th Infantry Division in Grodno, 1912 - General of Infantry.
His wife - Ludmila Pavlovna, nee Countess Bobrinskaya / LUDMILA BOBRZYNSKA (Ljudmila Bobrinsky / Ludmila Pavlovna, 1860 / 1866 {?} - 1911 Paris), in 1876 (div 1891),
with children:
1. Ljudmila (b. 1876) nee Buturlin, m. 1st (div) Dmitri Aleksandrovich Buturlin (d. 1942); m. 2nd to above Patrick O'Brien de Lacy junior;
2. Wassili Buturlin (1884 - poisoned by his brother-in-law on 11 May 1910), m. Maria Maximilianovna Sticke-Haymann.
Brother of above Dmitri Buturlin was Aleksander Buturlin (Moscow 1845-Moscow 1916) m. Jelisaveta Mikhailovna Snitko (d. after 1913). Father of mentioned Dmitri Buturlin: Sergei Buturlin (1803-1873) m. Maria Sergeievna Gagarin (1815-1902).

Jozef Sulkowski in 1779 to 1782 with an uncle or a grandfather was in Naples, Flanders, Netherlands, England, Spain, Portugal, Paris to Marie-Antoinette d'Autriche; in 1783 in Russia to Ekatherina II who given to him title of officer. I am thinking that a boy Jozef was taken into the care of a wealthy uncle, the Duke Casimir Augustus Sulkowski. August fancied himself that Jozef is an adoptive son; Duke took him on nearly 3-years tour in Europe. Joseph Sulkowski was taken to the highest courts. Particular sympathy to him showed the queen of France, Marie Antoinette. According to the chroniclers, made him a page to her; Prince August died in 1786. In 1783 served the Rydzyna Regiment of the Polish army, 1786 lieutenant.
Above named Duke August Sulkowski died on 7 Jan. 1786 and given to Jozef the title of the 'Commandor of the Malta Order' with 12000 'zlotych' per year;
Jozef in 1786 served 10th regiment of the Polish army; Dec. 1791 Captain, 1792 in Lithuania on the Zelva river banks fought against the Russian Army (Virtuti Militari) under General Michal Zabello / Zabiella 1760-1815; escaped from Poland in Autumn 1792 to Paris. 1793 the French citizen,
1793 married daughter of Jean-Michel de Venture de Paradis 1739-1799; 1793 served the secret service of the 'Convention nationale' in Syria, India, Constantinopole, but in Autumn 1794 back to Poland, under Tadeusz Kosciuszko troops;
around Nov. 1794 back to Paris, on 1 May 1796 the French Army; in 1796 - 1797 Italy: a friend of Napoleon Bonaparte and on 27th October 1796 his Adjutant.
Alexander Sulkowski Sulima b. 1730 / 1731 - 1786, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire from 1752, lieutenant general of the royal army in 1785, Austrian field marshal, was the son of Alexander Joseph Sulkowski; the Order of Malta cavalier.
Francis Sulkowski Sulima born in 1733, died on April 28, 1812, prince of the Holy Roman Empire from 1752, inspector general of infantry, Chamberlain of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, superior of the Commandery of St. John the Baptist, of the Knights of Malta since 1776 to ?, the Austrian court chamberlain from 1754.
Jozef Sulkowski's father was Franciszek SULKOWSKI, prince 1733 - 1812
(copyright by B. C. Biega at page biega.com/sulkowski-family.html:
ALEXANDER JOSEPH SULKOWSKI, b. 1695 in Cracow, d. 1762 in Leszno [see MIELZYNSKI and ROKOSSOWSKI], a companion of August III, son of August II, and was his Minister of State in Saxony from 1733 to 1738; a Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1733; Prince by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria in 1752; bought the estates of Rydzyna and Leszno from the exiled ex- king of Poland Stanislaw Leszczynski, and estates of Bielsko in Cieszyn Silesia, married Baroness Maria Francis Stein zu Jettingen, had four sons and three daughters:
1. August Casimir (Kazimierz), b. 1729, general of the royal army, Marshal of the Polish parliament 1775 - 1776, married Louise Mniszech in 1766;
2. Alexander Antoni, b. 1730, General of the royal army 1785, married Elenor Cetner in 1755;
3. FRANCIS (FRANCISZEK), b. 1733, d. 1812, the Bielsko estates,
4. ANTONI PAUL, b. 1734, the RYDZYNA line;
5. Marianna, b. 1728, d. 1749, married Franciszek Jakub Szembek in 1747;
6. Joanna, b. 1736, d. 1800, married Prince Peter Sapieha in 1750;
7. Josepha Petronela, b. 1737, married Prince Ignacy Potocki in 1753)

Jean Michel de VENTURE de PARADIS born 1739 Marseille - his children:
1. a daughter unknown by name de VENTURE de PARADIS married to Jozef Sulkowski / Joseph SULKOWSKI born in 1770 in the Poznan province in Poland - died in 1798 in Cairo / Kair / Caire, Egypt: the friend and aide de camp to Bonaparte, friend with Muiron, Vivant Denon, Carnot, Augereau, and Bourienne;
and 2. Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to
a. Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI [see Walewski, Zamoyski, Radolinski, Poniatowski, and Wola Pszczolecka] with children
Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and
Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;
b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858 with children:
A. Louis François Clément BREGUET 1804 - 1883 married to Charlotte Eugénie Caroline LASSIEUR 1815 - 1889 with children:
Louise BREGUET 1847-1930,
Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882,
Madeleine BREGUET 1853-1877;
B. Louise Charlotte Clémentine BREGUET 1810 - 1887 married to Dr LIONNET.

And now let's get back to Belarus to such character as Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich who married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732-1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government [on June 19, 1812 was created on the orders of the French Emperor Napoleon administrative authority in the occupied territory of the French troops in the Lithuanian-Belarusian provinces of the Russian Empire during the Franco-Russian war]. With his wife Anna Soltan, Anton Tadeushevich Vankovich had three daughters who married off very well. The first daughter Clementine Antonievna Vankovich married a wealthy Count Edward Mostowski / Edward son of Jozef Mostowski (1790-1855), the Sventsiany county leader (1812-1840), the provincial leader of the Vilna (1840-1843), owner of the estate Cerkliszki / Tserklishki in Vilnius province; the second daughter Valeria Antonievna Vankovich (1805 - ?) married a wealthy Count Konstantin Ignatievich Tizengauzen / Konstanty Tyzenhaus (1786-1853), owner of the Postawy estate, in the Rakiszki / Rakishki county, famous ornithologists and regional specialists.
The third daughter Wanda Antonievna Vankovich (1808-1842) married the wealthy Count Benedykt Tyszkiewicz / Mihalavich Benedict Tyszkiewicz (1807-1866), the provincial leader of the Kovno (1846-1849), owner of the estate Czerwony Dwor close to Kaunas / Kovno.
Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich, having a rather large estate in Igumen County, made a career of the noble service in native county, had friendly relations with the most influential families of the county: Wankowicz, Konstantynowicz, Osztarp, Moniuszko, Jelski, Pruszynski, Slotwinski, Janiszewski; he hold positions of cornet in the Igumen county (1802-1804), chairman of the Igumen county court (1804-1805), Marshal of the Igumen county (1805-1808) [see MIEZONKA].
He got quite rare in those days, the Maltese Order of St John of Jerusalem. He became a member of the local Masonic lodges, which was very popular and common in those days - "Vladislav Jagiello" and The Peace Room / 'The shrine room'.
In 1812, when the Franco-Russian war in Minsk province began, came the French troops that established here its management system. Anton Vankovich joined the French authorities and set up local administrations under Prince Marshal Louis-Nicolas Davout on July 13 / July 25 - the Commission of the Provisional Government of the Minsk province; cooperated with Prince Michael Kryshtafavich Dominikovich Puzyna and the Commissioner-General Michael Antonovich Zenovich / Michal Zenowicz; Anton Tadeushevich Vankovich and Michael Antonovich Zenovich were members of the economic department, headed by chairman Ignacy Moniuszko / Ignatius Stanislavovich Moniuszko (1787-1869) [see OGINSKI, and Dukora close to MINSK]. According to the decree of the French Emperor Napoleon I on June 19 (July 1) 1812 to control the territories seized by the French, were created departments in Vilna, Grodno, Minsk and Bialystok; Vankovich became part of the new administration and has been a member since July 17 to August 15, 1812, and then was supervisor of the military hospital of the French "Grand Army" in Minsk. He inherited his father's estate, in Minsk Province, Zazere and Vidagoshch [Zarzecze and Widagoszcz]; the palace in Vilnius, called the Vankovitski palace.
Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.

Now brief note on the Uvarov family settled in Pskov. Fedor Petrovich Uvarov had his cousin's nephew Sergei Uvarov Apollonovich (1847 in Tula, Kharkov and Tver); Fedor Petrovich Uvarov [see below] was born on April 16, 1773 [or 1769] in the village Hruslovka in the Tula province. He was married to Princess Maria Feodorovna Lubomirski. His father was on trial and lived in St. Petersburg, the property was under arrest, and the Uvarov had to live with his mother in the village. In 1786, Fedor Petrovich was sergeant in the Life Guards Regiment. 1788 the captain of Sofia Infantry Regiment. 1790 he took part in military actions in Poland and again in 1792 and 1794. 1798 he received the rank of colonel. He became a close friend of Ekaterina Nikolaevna Lopukhina, mother of the emperor's favorite. In March 1798 he was transferred to St. Petersburg, 1800 he was appointed chief of the Cavalry Corps;
he had the Order of St. John of Jerusalem; 1800 - lieutenant general. Uvarov became one of the most closest friend to EMPEROR Alexander, accompanied him on walks and trips.
At the head of the Horse Guards he fought in 1805; Austerlitz; he accompanied the Emperor Alexander in Erfurt; 1807 - the commander of the 1st Cavalry Division. 1812 he was appointed commander of the 1st Cavalry Corps, which joined the Patriotic War of 1812 - Uvarov spoke against the order to leave Moscow; participated in the Battle of Vyazma; the campaign of 1813 at Leipzig. He was awarded the rank of general of cavalry; he was under the Emperor in Vienna; Uvarov died on November 20, 1824 in St. Petersburg and buried in the church in the presence of Emperor Alexander I and the Great Princes.
The genealogy on above mentioned Princess Maria Feodorovna Lubomirski that is Marianna:
Pr Jan Teodor Konstanty Lubomirski of Wisnicz and Jaroslaw, 1683 - 1745; m. in 1727 to Anne Elisabeth Cumming (b. in Ireland 1685, d. in Vienna in 1776), widow of horsebreeder John Christ. Elisabeth Christ, Lubomirska born Cummings in 1685 or 1695 and died in 1782 or 1776 [or 1689 / 1700 - 1776], that is Elisabeth Elzbieta Marianna Lubomirska born Cumming De Culler / Culter Commiges / Elżbieta Marianna Lubomirska (Cummings de Culler-Coming) b. 1689 in Ireland. Maybe she is Elisabeth CUMMINGS, b. on 5 Jan. 1687, married Joseph FRENCH, son of Samuel and Sarah (Cummings) French; Elisabeth was daughter of JOHN-3 CUMMINGS b. in Boxford, MA, in 1657 and lived in Old Dunstable, married Elisabeth, daughter of Samuel Kinsley of Billerica, MA.
Jan Teodor Lubomirski adopted Elisabeth's children as his own:
Pss Maria Susanna Anna Christ, b. Cracow in 1722, d. in Vienna in 1771 [Anna Esterhazy born Lubomirska / Maria Susanna Anna Esterházy De Galántha], m. in Warsaw in 1744 to Gf Miklos Esterházy de Galántha (1711 - 1764); and next adopted son Pr Kasper Lubomirski, Russian General-Lieutenant, who died 1780, m. Pss Barbara Lubomirska with daughter above named MARIA / Pss Marianna {2nd}, 1773 - 1810, 1st m. (div) Protazy Antoni Potocki (1761 - 1801) with daughter EMILIA POTOCKA m. to JOZEF KALINOWSKI d. 1825 [see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA and Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski; with daughters: Jozefina b. 1816, OLGA b. 1822, SEWERYNA, and MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska {see an affair in St Petersburg in 1840, and her daughter Maria m. KONSTANTYNOWICZ of Estonia and NESTOR Trubecki vel Kalinowski}]. MARIA / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804); 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824). MARIA / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski; 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814). Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children: a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki; b. Izabela Walewska [Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 / the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin, with daughter Maria 1829-1906, and son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}]. Husband of above Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874 - his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski). His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793 died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski). Captain Franciszek Majewski, was authorized to set up the Lodge by the Edinburgh, whose members he knew during his stay in England; The TEMPLARS [Templariusze] acted until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdichev. Many of the Templars were also members of Patriotic Society, like Lieutenant Colonel Seweryn-Krzyzanowski. The Patriotic Society also spread to Lithuania, where reached the Masonic circles; The Templars Masonic Society was founded in 1820 in Volyn. The arrests, which took place in 1825, after the military coup of the Decembrists, resulted in detection of the Patriotic Society. The Special Committee qualified to judge eight of its members, recruited from the Kingdom Polish [Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew; or in Kaski in the Minsk government ?]: Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski {Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira (see Ascher Ginsberg!), Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk; he was a poor invalid in TOBOLSK, both his feet are paralyzed, and he never quits his chamber; his company, M. Onufry Pietraszkiewicz, his nurse, a German [?? - Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg, from Baltic German or German ? born ca 1840]}, Captain Franciszek Majewski, Wojciech Grzymala, Stanislaw Soltyk [!], priest Konstanty Dembek, Stanislaw Zablocki, Andrzej Plichta and Roman Zaluski. MAJEWSKI Franciszek (1781- died after 1837), was son of Stanislaw Majewski and Barbara Zabinska; he was Captain, Freemason, founder of the Templars Society, served Polish army in 1806. After returning to the country in 1817 he joined the Polish army, established contacts with a Masonry, because of his Scotland patent, and was admitted to the lodge "Temple of Isis"; he had the title of member of the Supreme Chapter of the Edinburgh, and founded the Templars Society; the first member was a former colonel P. Lagowski in Warsaw in 1819. In January 1820 adopted several new members and acted under the care of the Grand Master of the Templars - Duke of Kent {the modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with named above Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna]}. Most members of the Templars entered the Patriotic Society. In 1836 Majewski obtained the right to return to the country; Roman Sanguszko recommended him to his parents, and then Majewski lived in Slawuta as a resident close to Sanguszko. Prince Paweł Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz / Paul Carl Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682-1752), a Court and Grand Marshal of Lithuania, second married to Marianna Lubomirska {1st}, heiress of Ostroh / Ostrog {Princess Marianna Lubomirska, 1693 - 1729, a daughter of Grand Marshal of the Crown Józef Karol Lubomirski, and Princes Teofila Ludwika Zasławska, the daughter of Prince Władysław Dominik Zasławski and Katarzyna Sobieska - sister of King of Poland Jan III Sobieski; Marianna married Prince Paweł Karol Sanguszko and had son Janusz Aleksander Sanguszko, Court Marshal of Lithuania, who married Konstancja Denhoff, the daughter of Stanisław Ernest Denhoff}, but main residence was above Slawuta / Slavuta (now in Ukraine); then Slawuta to Hieronymous Sanguszko (1743-1812); after partitions of Poland, Eustachy Erasmus Sanguszko fought during the Kosciuszko Uprising and Napoleon's Russian campaign - his son, named above Prince Roman Sanguszko, participated in the November Uprising, and was exiled to Siberia.


A few words about the Templars in the south of Ireland and on the Curraghmore House, close to Portlaw, in the Co. Waterford:
the Curraghmore House is located at half way from Clonmel to Waterford. See http://curraghmorehouse.ie/, where we read: "Curraghmore House in Waterford [county] is the historic home of the 9th Marquis of Waterford. His ancestors (the de la Poers) came to Ireland from Normandy...". At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curraghmore: "Curraghmore near Portlaw, County of Waterford, [south] Ireland, is a historic house and estate and the seat of the Marquess of Waterford. ... The estate was inherited by Lady Catherine la Poer who married Sir Marcus Beresford in 1717. He was elevated to the peerage in 1720 as Baron Beresford and Viscount Tyrone, and in 1746 he was created 1st Earl of Tyrone (third creation). ... The 1st Earl's eldest son George was created 1st Marquess of Waterford in 1789...".
In Crook is the castle, formerly occupied by the Knights TEMPLARS, and erected by LE POER, Baron of Curraghmore, in the 13th century; CROOK, co. Westmorland.
Clontarf Castle is a castle, dating to 1837, in Clontarf, close to Dublin, Ireland; there has been a castle on the site since 1172 built by "either Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath, or his tenant Adam de Phepoe. Clontarf was subsequently held by the Knights Templar and, after their suppression in 1308, passed to the Knights Hospitaller, until they were in turn deprived of it at the Dissolution of the Monasteries". In 1660, John Vernon, passed Clontarf Castle to his son, Edward Vernon.

See on the de Lacy family at my domain [see Latvia, Plater Zyberk, Buturlin, and around Grodno]:

At the beginning was Hugh de Lacy - the son of Gilbert de Lacy (died ca 1163) of Ewyas Lacy, Weobley and Ludlow. Hugh de Lacy was married twice. Before 1155 Hugh married Rohese of Monmouth (also known as Rose of Monmouth or Roysya de Monemue). Hugh and Rohese had 9 children, 4 sons and 5 daughters:
1. Walter de Lacy (1166 - 1241; on his death his estate was divided between his granddaughters Margery and Maud. He married Margaret de Braose, the daughter of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber and Maud de St. Valery and had issue: Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire married Isabel Bigod, with 1 son Walter de Lacy, who married Rohese le Botiller but had no issue);
2. Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster (d. 1242; had legitimate and natural children. The earldom became extinct at de Lacy's death);
3. Gilbert de Lacy.
Hugh married 2nd Princess Rose Ni Conchobair, daughter of King of Ireland, Ruaidri Ua Conchobair. They had a son William Gorm de Lacy (declared illegitimate by Henry II of England).
The history of de Lacy family is associated with a battle in 1690 in which Ireland lost its independence in favor of England. Many Irish have chosen exile rather than surrender to William III of Orange. On one ship was James de Lacy with his nephew Peter de Lacy.
Alice DeLacy / Conway, b. circa 1642 in Killorglin, County Kerry, Ireland; daughter of Edward Conway and Catherine; wife of Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill, Esq. and Patrick Dowdall. Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill married Lady Alice Conway, by whom his children were:
Edmond,
Peter {see below},
Patrick,
Elizabeth and
Hanora [see more below !].

Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill, Esq. and Alice:
"...Edmond de Lacy, father of the famous Marshal Peter de Lacy of Russia, settled at Rathcahill (Monagea) in 1677 (The "Roll of the House of Lacy" gives this Edmond Lacy as being grandfather of Marshal Peter, which in my opinion, is a slight error. Vide Begley's History of Limerick). Edmond married the Lady Alice Conway, by whom his children were Edmond, Peter, Patrick, Elizabeth and Hanora. Hanora de Lacy married George Browne, Baron of Camas, a scion of the ancient household of Knockmany, and these were the parents of the illustrious Count Marshal George Browne, Governor of Riga and Livonia and Knight of the Order of St. Anne. Count George was born at Mayne, Castlemahon, on June 15th, 1698..."; under copyright by http://www.limerickleader.ie/news.
De Lacy / Laci / Lacey, is the surname of an old Norman noble family. Count Peter von Lacy / Pyotr Petrovich Lacy b. 1678, died in Riga in 1751, was Russian imperial commander; Peter Lacy [see above] was born as Pierce Edmond de Lacy in Killeedy near Limerick, Ireland. Count Peter claimed that his father Peter [!?] was the son of John Lacy of Ballingarry. Count Peter's grandfather John Lacy of Ballingarry was of the House of Bruff.
In 1700, Peter was drawn into the Russian army. Service began with the rank of captain, and graduated as Governor-General of Riga, then the whole of Latvia. His first land battle in Russia was Narva; Lacy withdrew to Riga and resumed the command of the Russian forces stationed in Livland. He administered Northern Latvia and Southern Estonia;
his son Franz Moritz von Lacy / de Lacy had entered the Austrian service in 1743.
Count Peter married Estonian-Livonian noblewoman Maret Philippine / Martha von Funcken from Liezere, widow of the young Count Hannes Kristof Frölich, daughter of general Remmert von Funcken of Liezere, and his second wife baroness Helena Üksküla [Martha von Phillippine FUNCKE (1685-1759), m. to the Riga Governor, General Peter von Lacy (1678-1751)]. They had 5 daughters and 2 sons:
above Franz Moritz von Lacy / Francis Maurice de Lacy / Boris Petrovich Lassi, born in 1725, St. Petersburg - 1801, Vienna, was the son of Count Peter von Lacy and was a Austrian field marshal. He was a close friend to Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor; his father, Count Peter von Lacy or Pyotr Petrovich Lacy or Peter Lacy was born as Pierce Edmond de Lacy in 1678 in Killeedy near Limerick into a noble Irish family - Riga Governor, General, d. 1751; his mother, Countess Martha Philippina von Loeser, the widow of the Count von Funk of Livonia - Martha von Phillippine FUNCKE (1685-1759). Franz Moritz was born in St Petersburg, and entered the Austrian service in Italy, Bohemia, Silesia and the Netherlands; his last years were spent in retirement at his castle of Neuwaldegg near Vienna, by Wikipedia.

From "THE ENGLISH BRANCH OF THE PIERSE FAMILY", by John H. Pierse:

"...Johanna, was the daughter of Patrick de Lacy of Rathcahill, a townland in West Limerick a mile or so from Templeglantin, and Lady Mary, daughter of Henry Herbert of Templeglantin. Patrick and Mary de Lacy of Rathcahill had a number of children:
Maurice, the eldest (1739-1820) later to become the famous General in the Russian service of Augustovik Palace (Augustowek) near Grodno, and
Henry who conformed to the Protestant religion, and who lived in Dublin,
Johanna (1750-1795) who married Pierce O'Brien,
Mary (1752-1795) who eloped with a certain William Terence (later 'Patrick') O'Brien of Tullig and Drumtrasna,
Frances who married a certain Mr. Joyce but had no family, and
Benedicta.
... At the time of the wedding in 1795, John Fitzmaurice Pierse was 32 years of age and his bride, Johanna was 25 years old... The first recorded birth of a child to John and Johanna Pierse was Maurice in 1804 and who was known as Maurice de Lacy Pierse. In 1819, the eldest son Maurice, at the tender age of 15, left Ireland to visit his grand-uncle General Maurice de Lacy, then aged 79, at his palace home at Augustovik near Grodno in Russian Lithuania. He was apparently well received there and stayed on together with his friend Dr. Condon during the time of the General's final illness (Dec. 1819) and death in January 1820.
His aunt's son, Patrick O'Brien, whose legitimacy was a matter of dispute among the de Lacy family, had also left Ireland first in 1811, ... he married Miss Egan at Bath, and later travelled to Russia to introduce himself to the general, and who also remarked that he had been well-received at Grodno. Immediately prior to 1815, Patrick O'Brien, then aged 24 or 25, had become a Lieutenant of Militia in the Russian service. Between 1815 and 1819, Patrick O'Brien spent half a year in Russia and half in England because of his poor health. In 1819, at the request of General Maurice de Lacy, he took up permanent residence in Russia and, upon the General's recommendation, applied for and obtained a commission in the Guards of the Russian Emperor.
Thus, when General Maurice died at Grodno in December 1819 (Jan. 1820?), these three, Dr. Condon, Lieutenant Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) and Maurice de Lacy Pierse, were in attendance at the funeral. Immediately after the funeral, Maurice de Lacy Pierse was persuaded by Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) to go to London from Poland, where he arranged to meet him regarding the contents of the General's will which, O'Brien declared,
... 1820-1, Johanna Pierse died (it is not certain whether in Ireland or in England) at the age of about 50 years, and shortly afterwards the Pierse family emigrated to England. The family would have been: John Fitzmaurice Pierse, widower, aged 59, William Fitzmaurice, aged 18, Mary de Lacy, aged 15, John Patrick, aged 11, Patrick John, aged about 9, George, aged 6, and any other children not yet traced. ... they most likely sailed from Limerick or Cork to London, where Maurice, aged 18, was already in residence. ... Wilson Place, entire houses were occupied all by Co. Kerry emigrants ...
Maurice de Lacy Pierse returned to Russia and there joined the Russian Service. Letters sent by him, dated November 1823 (when he was 19) from Petrosky in Russia to his sister Mary (aged 16) in London, written up to Autumn 1829 addressed from Chumetry just before he died in the siege of Adrianople in September, 1829 outline his career ...
When in 1792 General Maurice de Lacy of Grodno (then aged 52) together with his kinsman General Count George de Lacy Browne, Governor of Riga, made a visit to Ireland to see their relatives, they were appalled to see the state of poverty into which the family had fallen. They stayed with Maurice's mother (then quite elderly) at Rothcahill ... and returned to Russia the following year. Upon their return, Maurice made arrangements for sums of money ... His mother did not live long to enjoy her fortune and died in 1795 (the year in which John Fitzmaurice Pierse and Johanna O'Brien were married) leaving future gifts to pass to her daughters and their descendants:
these were John Fitzmaurice and Johanna Pierse (daughter of Johanna O'Brien, nee de Lacy who also died in 1795), Mary Condon, nee O'Brien, whose husband Richard Condon had died before 1792 and whose eldest son Dr. Maurice John Condon joined General Maurice in the Russian service, Kathleen or Kitty O'Brien (otherwise Mrs. Fitton or Mrs. McGrath of Cork) - later all daughters of Johanna O'Brien nee de Lacy.
... Other equal beneficiaries were: James Morphy of Newcastle West and Killarney (widower of Benedicta nee de Lacy, who died before 1792) and their children Miss Mary Morphy who died in March, 1819 and her sister Lucy Morphy (otherwise Berry) who had married another James Morphy and who was still living in 1830. Other possible beneficiaries were the daughters of Mary de Lacy (otherwise O'Brien) who was the youngest of General Maurice de Lacy's sisters, who was alleged to have eloped with a certain Terence or Dennis O'Brien of Tullig and Drumtrasna, and who had an illegitimate son, Patrick. Another sister, Frances (or Fanny) had married a certain Mr. Joy but died before 1792 ...
Mrs. de Lacy-Browne was claimant to the disputed bequests of Count Maurice de Lacy of Augustovik, Grodno ... some $5,000,000 from the various funds of her kinsman. ... Charles Nash, Mary de Lacy Nash and their son Maurice FitzGerald de Lacy Nash have been fruitless. They appear to have just disappeared. Possibly they emigrated. Now Mary's brother William Fitzmaurice Pierse, born also in 1807 and therefore possibly a twin ... He was about 18 years of age when he arrived in England with his father and his brothers and sisters. ... were baptised in Christchurch: Maurice de Lacy (b. 3 October, 1832), Elizabeth (b. 25 December 1833), Amelia (b. 16 September, 1836), Florence Johanna (b. 14 March, 1838), Marion O'Brien (b. 22 November, 1839), Kathleen..., William Fitzmaurice (b. September 1843), and Alice Emma (b. 22 February, 1845)".

The founder of the Polish family line became a nephew of Count Maurice - Peter O'Brien de Lacy. He followed his uncle, serving in the Russian army, and he received from Catherine II, Augustówek, confiscated after the abdication of King Poniatowski. Not having children of their own, Maurice left the palace his nephew Patrick, and he gave Augustówek in the hands of the younger son Alexander, who married a Polish girl, Gabriela Radowicka.
Mentioned Honora (Hanora [see above !]) de Browne / de Camus Browne of Camas / DeLacy, daughter of Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill, Esq. and Alice DeLacy, was wife of George de Browne, de Camus, and she was mother of George, 1st Count Browne of Camas and Ulysses Browne.
Above Ulysses Browne was husband of Maria Philippina Magdalena Gfin. von Martinitz, and was father of
Baron Maximilian Ulysses / Reichsgraf von Browne / Camus und Mountany, b. 1705 in Basel, Switzerland, died 1757.
Above named Count Pierce Edmond de Lacy / Peadar de Lasa, b. 1678, had family:
1. the son-in-law, Riga Governor-General George Browne;
2. son - Franz Moritz Lacy (1725-1800), a famous military leader;
3. nephew was Boris P. Lassi / Moritz Lazy / Lacy, 1737-1820, General of Infantry (Boris Petrovich Lassie was the Russian military leader, General of Infantry, a hero of the storming of Izmail and Prague. In 1797-1798 the Governor-General of the Kazan province. He began his service in the Austrian army, in 1762 admitted to the Russian service with the rank of lieutenant, in respect to the merits of Field Marshal Lassi immediately promoted to captain; he remained out of work until 1805, when the first he was sent to Naples with a secret mission, and then, was appointed commander of the Russian, English and Neapolitan troops to protect the kingdom of Naples. After Austerlitz Lassie returned from Naples to Russia and settled in his estate in Grodno, where he died in 1820).

Above mentioned Count (in 1774) George Browne / Seoirse de Brún, b. 1698, Limerick, Ireland - d. 1792, Riga, Russian commander of the Irish origin, general-in-chief, the Riga Governor-General. He was married first to the daughter of Field Marshal Peter Lacy, their son, Count Ivan Y. (Georg) Brown, commander of the Kexholmsky regiment, Maltese gentleman, buried in Vienna with his famous uncle, an Austrian Field Marshal Count Lacy. After the death of Helen Lassie / Lacy in 1764 he married again, to Eleanor Christine von Mengden (1729-1787). Buried in Kurland, in the town of Schönberg.


Count Peter von Lacy, or Pyotr Petrovich Lacy b. 1678, that is Pierce Edmond Lacy, was born in Killeedy near Limerick; his family of Limerick [west of Ireland] came from William Gorm de Lacy, the son of Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath who died in 1186.

Pierce father's brother was Lieutenant-Colonel John Lacy of the House of Bruff.
PIERCE had 5 daughters and 2 sons, including Count Franz Moritz von Lacy / Francis Maurice de Lacy, the Austrian Field Marshal.
Maurice de Lacy, residing permanently in the palace of King Stanislaus Augustus, compiled in 1819 testament to his nephew, Patrick O'Brien, senior, the son of Terence and Mary de Lacy [see below !]; Maurice left the palace his nephew Patrick senior, who gave Augustówek in the hands of his younger son Alexander, who married a Polish girl, Gabriela Radowicka [with three daughters: Maria, Genevieve and Alexandra, and three sons: Terence, Patrick junior, and Maurice]. Above Count Patrick O'Brien de Lacy / de Lassy [junior] had served his life term [a poisoning case - see BUTURLIN] at the Shlisselburg fortress near St. Petersburg until 1917, when he was released and returned to Scotland as naval engineer at Dundee Shipyard.
So, above Patrick O'Brien, senior / Peter O'Brien de Lacy / Patryk O'Brien de Lacy b. 1790 / 1791, died 1870, was a son of Maurycy {?} or Terence {?} and Mary de Lacy [Mary de Lacy O'Brien died in 1795] {Mary was maybe with Dennis O'Brien of Tallig and Drumtrasna, 1770-1830, who had wife Margaret born in 1770 - d. 1850, with two sons: Morgan [with children: Ann; Denis born in LIMERICK; Ellen] and Denis d. 1851}; Patryk married Julia with son Aleksander.
Patryk was nephew of General Maurice de Lacy who compiled in 1819 testament to Patrick O'Brien, senior, and given him the surname de Lacy.
We back to UK and reading THE ENGLISH BRANCH OF THE PIERSE FAMILY by John H. Pierse at www.winsolve.webspace.virginmedia.com:
John Fitzmaurice Pierse b. 1763, married in 1795 to Johanna b. ca 1770 [her mother died in 1795, her father before 1794] with oldest sons: Maurice [junior] b. in 1804 - known as Maurice de Lacy Pierse [see below], and William Fitzmaurice Pierse b. in Co. Kerry [?].
JOHANNA'S uncle was above named General Maurice de Lacy of the Russian service, was in Ireland in 1792 to visit his mother in Rathcahill.
Her aunt was Benedicta, who had married James Murphy Esq. of Newcastle West and Killarney, and had two daughters Mary and Lucy.
Her next uncle, Henry de Lacy, was a Protestant; his relative was Mrs. Evans;
JOHANNA'S aunt - Fanny (Frances) had married Mr. Joy but had no children and died before 1792.
Her youngest aunt Mary had eloped with a Terence or Dennis O'Brien of Tallig and Drumtrasna and had five children - illegitimate - the youngest of whom was above named Patrick, who was born in 1790, and married Miss Egan at Bath, England and was later divorced; he later became known as Patrick O'Brien de Lacy of Grodno.
Mary de Lacy (or Mrs. Mary O'Brien) dead in 1795.
The next children of above named JOHANNA: Mary (de Lacy) Pierse born in 1807, in Co. Kerry, John (Patrick) Pierse, born in 1811, in Co. Kerry, and George, born in 1816.
In 1819, the above eldest son Maurice, left Ireland to visit his grand-uncle General Maurice de Lacy [b. 1740, d. Jan. 1820], at his palace home at Augustovik near Grodno in Lithuania. General Maurice de LACY's aunt had son - above Patrick O'Brien, had also left Ireland first in 1811, travelled to Russia to introduce himself to the general, become a Lieutenant of the Russian service, but 1815 - 1819, spent half a year in Russia and half in England; when General Maurice died at Grodno in December 1819 or Jan. 1820, Lieutenant Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) and Maurice de Lacy Pierse, were in attendance at the funeral. In 1820/1821, Johanna Pierse died in Ireland or in England and her family sailed from Limerick or Cork to London; then Charles Nash married in 1836 to Maurice's [junior] sister Mary Pierse, with son [in 1839] Maurice FitzGerald de Lacy Nash.
When in 1792 General Maurice de Lacy of Grodno together with his kinsman General Count George de Lacy Browne, Governor of Riga, made a visit to Ireland to see their relatives, they were stayed with Maurice's mother at Rothcahill; General Maurice known the daughters of Mary de Lacy (otherwise O'Brien) who was the youngest of General Maurice de Lacy's sister, who was eloped with Terence or Dennis O'Brien of Tullig and Drumtrasna; another sister, Frances (or Fanny) had married Mr. Joy but died before 1792.
Patrick O'Brien upon the death of General Maurice in 1819/20 had taken up residence and possession of the estate at Augustovik Palace, near Grodno [all above data under copyright by John H. Pierse].


At www.jfklibrary.org we have the speech of President John F. Kennedy, that is an Address before the American Newspaper Publishers Association, on April 27, 1961 at Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City:
"Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen ... Today no war has been declared - and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired. ...
For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations. Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined. Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed.
It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match...".


And now we look at
Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt / George Sergius de Mohrenschildt / Георгий Сергеевич де Мореншильд / Jerzy Sergiusz, who studied at the Institute of Higher Commercial Studies, the University of Liege and the University of Texas at Austin. He was petroleum geologist. He became friends with Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy. George De Mohrenschildt met Oswald after his return from the Soviet Union. More at
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html [see Pilar Pilchau, Kennedy].
De Mohrenschildt was born as Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt in MOZYRZ / Mozyr (see Bulhak family and Ipohorski) in Belarus, in 1911. He had an older brother, Dimitri / Dymitr. His father was Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt; his mother, Alexandra / Aleksandra Zopalsky / ALEKSANDRA ZAPOLSKA, of Polish descent. Sergey von Mohrenschildt was a Marshal of Nobility of the Minsk Province 1913 - 1917 (see Karol Hutten - Czapski and Duflon & Konstantynowicz in Minsk), and an Actual Civil Councilor; 1920, Sergy von Mohrenschildt was arrested by the Bolsheviks; while awaiting transport to Veliky Ustyug, Sergey became ill. The Soviet government released Sergey, his wife and De Mohrenschildt then fled to Poland; De Mohrenschildt's older brother Dimitri was awaiting execution but was later released in a prisoner exchange with Poland; Alexandra died ca 1922 in Poland. Dimitri was the founder of the CIA's Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty; Dimitri died in 2002. JERZY SERGIUSZ De Mohrenschildt became acquainted with the Bouvier family, including young Jacqueline Bouvier, future wife of John F. Kennedy, and he became a friend of Jacqueline's aunt Edith Bouvier Beale. He helped raise money for the Polish resistance after ca 1940.


CARL MAGNUS Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803, Yoggis / Jogisoo near KEILA (see HACKER or Hakker family next of kin to the ARMANDS and PASZKOWSKI - Konstantynowicz)
- 8 km east-south (or in Padis / Padise), he died in 1862, Revel, the owner of Jogisoo / Yoggisa and Pallu ca 6 km south of above named Jogisoo, in Estonia (Yoggis / Jogisoo / Yoggisa / Jöggis). Chief of District. Baronial title in 1855.
His wife was Katharina Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt / MORENSHILD / Katharina Augusta Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1811 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland that is Kreuz Hof, died in 1855, Revel,
the daughter of Berend von Mohrenschildt, owner of Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald and Eleanor Juliana Elisabeth von Rosenthal.
That is Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth Rosenthal daughter of Gustav Heinrich von Wetter-Rosenthal.

CARL MAGNUS Reinhold / Karl Magnus Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was son of Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm; father of Gustav Adolf Pilar von Pilchau; Konstantin Behrend Alexander Pilar von Pilchau; Reinhold Berend Alexander Pilar von Pilchau and Karl Julius Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau;
brother of Emilie Caroline Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau and Gertrude Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1806.

Above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau was son of
Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau b. 1734 (Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau died in 1801 in Jöggis), who was also father of

1. Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau b. 1761;

2. Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau.
Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau / Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau 1767-1830.
Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau was the Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, Maj.-Gen., von Pilhau Yegor Maksimovic or Georg Ludwig, from the family of a professional military, his father was retired major of the Polish army - Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau 1734 - 1801. Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilchau (1734-1801), was landlord of Hallik north - east of Tallinn or rather south-west of Rakvere, Lehtse south-west of Rakvere, Meremőisa close to Keila-Joa, Major (1756), served for the Polish army as Major in 1757. Recorded in service 1780, above Yegor Maksimovic exactly one year later was promoted to sergeant. Received his primary education at home, with the rank of lieutenant was transferred to Narva Infantry Regiment; next to the Vyborg Infantry Regiment; Yegor Maksimovic Pilar participated in a battle with the Swedes under Nyslott; 1803 has been married to Anna Fyodorovna von Hesse / Johanna Agnetha b. 1779, had three sons and two daughters: Alexander (1804 - 1866), Lieutenant-Captain of the Guards; Nicholas (1815 - 1887) and George (1819 - 1882); Elizabeth 1808, Elena 1811.

3. Jakob Johann Pilar von Pilchau.
Engineer Major Jacob Maksimovic / Jakob Johann Baron / Jakob Johann Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1774.

Adolf Konstantin Jakob Pilar von Pilchau, a Baltic German politician, regent, the owner of the Audern, his birthplace after his father's death in 1870, and Sauga. Audru / Audern, 8 to 10 km north-west-north of Parnu city [see Jerzy Konstantynowicz with nickname Marian Stankiewicz or Marian Konstantynowicz], is a small borough. Sauga / Sauck, 6 km north of Parnu core, in Pärnu County, southwestern Estonia. Adolf (Alf) Konstantin Jakob Baron Pilar von Pilchau died June 17, 1925 in Pernau (Pärnu), Pärnumaa, Estland.
The father of Adolf Pilar von Pilchau was Fredrik Adolf Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau, Baron, born and died in Audru / Audern, 1814 - 1870; the grandfather - above Jakob Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau 1774 - 1814.

4. Catharina Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau and

5. above named Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau;

6. Major Магнус Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 or 1769. His wife was Maria Becu with her children: Zofia / София Пилар фон Пильхау and a son who was born in Wilno / Вильнюс - Alexandr / Alexander Karl / Aleksander Karol Pilchau Pilar, b. 1802 [see Artuzow - Frautchi and Dzierzynski - a line to Jozef Pilsudski, Bulhak, Kojalowicz, Bilewicz, von Ronne {Mielzynski, Paszkowski, Angela Merkel, Suchocka, Sulkowski, Venture de Paradise, Breguet...}, Komorowski, Oginski and Kalinowski - and to Walewski - Wola Pszczolecka...].

More about Estonia, Saue, Keila, Lehola, Tallinn:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Konstantinovich_Troubetskoy_Orlov_Denisov_Bagrationi_Paszkovsky_Siedych_Armand_Demonets/Estonia_Russia_Belarus_Poland/toll_rehbinder_steinberg_gernet_nomme_harku_saku/index.html.

Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa - ca 30 km south-west of KEILA {above Berend Robert / Behrend von Mohrenschildt, b. 1786 in Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa, died in 1861 in Kreuzhof} -
http://konstantynowicz.info/family_history_genealogy_historia_rodzina_genealogia/Italy_UK_Switzerland_Estonia_Sweden_Belarus_Russia_Poland_France/Belarusian_Estonian_Polish_Russian_genealogical_historical_database/index.html.

At http://konstantynowicz.info/encyklopedia_internetowa_Polski_Niepodleglej_czesc_1_1768-1990/index.html
all on the genealogy of Von Mohrenschildt with family connections to Pauline Wilhelmine Rehbinder b. 1818;
and with the Douglas clan;
and about Gertrude Elisabeth nee Pilar von Pilchau, born 1806 in Jöggis / Jogisoo, the Saue vald, Harjumaa, Estonia - d. 1847 (see Dunkel and Krauze) the daughter of mentioned above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau (see Becu, Dzierzynski and Pilsudski) and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm. She was sister of named above Carl / Karl Pilar von Pilchau and Emilie Caroline Elisabeth.
Mentioned above Major Магнус Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 or 1769
(his wife was named above Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю / Maria Becu with her children: Zofia / София Пилар фон Пильхау and a son who was born in Wilno / Вильнюс - Alexandr / Alexander Karl / Aleksander Karol Pilchau Pilar, b. 1802. Magnus Fabian's closest next of kin: Бокельберг or Фокельберг / Vokelberg, Фридрих фон Руктешель in Йоггис; Шталь фон Гольштейн / Holstein; фон Людер / Luder who died 1857).

Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau born 10.2.1802, d. 1871, had sister Sophia / Zofia Pilar von Pilchau;

his father was born in 1769 -
Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau
- in Lida, Vilna province in Poland, after Major of the Russian army.


Aldona nee Dzierzynski was living in the Bobruisk district [see HLUSK and von Mohrenschildt], near by Ryszard Edward Wincenty Dzierżyński b. 1817, who was brother of Edmund Dzierzynski b. 1829 or (date of birth is mistake maybe) Эдмунд Руфин Иосифович Дзержинский / Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski, b. on 15 May 1838, died in 1882 (he was born in Oszmiany / Oshmiany / Ошмяны, the Wilno government / Виленская губ.; died in 1872 ?).
Aldona - whose son was adjutant of Jozef Pilsudski!
Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski was father of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI.
Above named EDMUND b. 1829, in Dzierżynowo, d. 1872, m. HELENA JANUSZEWSKA, daughter of above named JANUSZEWSKI and KAZIMIERA JANUSZEWSKA [see Ignacy Januszewski 1804-1875, and Kazimiera Gorecka b. 1806, died 1897. See PILAR von PILCHAU !].
Children of EDMUND and HELENA JANUSZEWSKA are:
WITOLD b. 1867;
ALDONA b. 1869, Kojdanów (Dzierżynowo) d. 1966;
JADWIGA b. 1871, Kojdanów, d. 1949 m. KUSZELEWSKI;
and KAZIMIERZ b. 1875, Dzierżynowo, d. 1943 in Dzierżynowo, m. LUCY SCHIATTI (Kazimierz Dzerzhinsky joined the Academy of Veterinary in Dorpat / Tartu, now Estonia. He came therefore to Dzierżynow, and to Warsaw at the Technical School of Wawelberg and Rotwand. He lived in lodgings with Witold Rutkowski, but he was arrested and then he went to Germany, in Frankfurt am Main, then moved to Karlsruhe. Rented apartment with a family of Italian origin - Schiotti. He fell in love with the daughter of the owners Lucy Schiotti / LUCY SCHIATTI and married);
FELIKS d. 1926, Moskwa;
IGNACY b. 1879, Dzierżynowo d. 1953;
and the last - WLADYSLAW b. 1881, Stołpce, d. 1942, Zgierz.

Above mentioned Aldona Dzerzhinskaja - at first marriage Bulhak, second Koyallovich.

Gedymin Jerzy Bulhak b. 1856, m. 1892 to Aldona Dzierzynski, he died 1908, lived in Mickiewicze. His grandfather Chryzostom Stanislaw Bulhak b. 1789, m. to Antonina Bulhak, estates: Ostrówek, Burdziewicze, Kozlowicze, Nowy Dwor close to Jelnica and Szabany, south-east of Minsk or Nowy Dwor close to Sluck!? His mother Franciszka Lowicki and father Jerzy Onufry Bulhak, b. 1749; grandfather: Florian Stanislaw Bulhak.

In Vilna / Wilno, Feliks Dzierzynski studied until 1896; Feliks Dzierzynski lived with his grandmother Казимира Янушевская / Kazimiera Januszewska [see PILAR von PILCHAU !].


Different
Zofia Pilar von Pilchau nee Januszewska, b. 1836, died 1920 [died 1898 ?], was daughter of Ignacy Januszewski [1804-1875] and Kazimiera Gorecka b. 1806 [died 1897]; wife of Stanisław Pilar von Pilchau, Count [the son of above named Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau died 1871]; she was sister of Emilia Zawadzka and Helena Dzierżyńska 1849 - 1896 [married Edmund Rufin Dzierżyński {b. 1838-d. 1882 son of Józef Jan Dzierżyński and Antonina Oziembłowska (Antonina had also son Felicjan Józef Dzierżyński 1830 - died 1904 who was grandfather of Jerzy Witold Dzierżyński)} with son Feliks Edmundowicz Dzierzynski]. Zofia was mother of [Adolf Aleksander Pilar Pilchau = Adolf !] Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, Count, 1860-Oct. 1939 in MICKUNY, who married in 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec [d. 1955] with children: Roman Pilar von Pilchau [or Romuald b. 1894 in Mickuny or 1895 ?] and Marian Pilar von Pilchau.


The genealogy of President John F. Kennedy back to south Ireland, of course - to WATERFORD.

Patrick Kennedy b. 1823, was an Irish farmer in the County Wexford, Ireland who moved to East Boston; he was born in New Ross, Ireland. He was the father of politician P. J. Kennedy, paternal grandfather of businessman Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., and patrilineal great-grandfather of Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., President John F. Kennedy, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and Senator Ted Kennedy. Patrick Kennedy was the youngest son of farmer James Kennedy b. 1770 in Dunganstown, close to New Ross, County Wexford in Ireland to John Kennedy b. 1738 and Bridget Shallow; James inherited a small farm from his father.
Above New Ross is located in southwest County Wexford, Ireland, around 22 km north east of Waterford. Dunganstown, 6 km south of New Ross [18 km north of WATERFORD] is the ancestral home of the Kennedy family which includes John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the USA.


Now we back to De la Poer Beresford of Curraghmore, Co. Waterford:

the following history was commissioned by Samantha Ware and Alice Beresford in 2001 - "...Sir Eustace la Poer (d. 1311) is one of the main men in the family ranks. A younger son who made good, he was loyal to King Edward I (Longshanks) ... in 1545, he was succeeded as 3rd Baron by his younger brother, John "Mor" Power. John Mor married his cousin, Alice Fitzgerald, third daughter of James Fitzgerald, 13th Earl of Desmond. ... James Power was the younger brother of John Power, 2nd Earl of Tyrone and second son of Richard Power, 1st Earl, by his wife Ruth Pypho. He was born during the reign of King Charles II, in whose administration his father had been a major player. During the Williamite Wars, James fought for James II and the Jacobites, perhaps hoping to free his father from his imprisonment in the Tower of London. ...
John Claudius Beresford (1738 - 1805) was the chief breadwinner of the clan in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He was born in Dublin on 14th March 1738, and educated at Kilkenny College ... and Trinity College of Dublin. ... Two years after the death of his first wife in 1772, he married Barbara Montgomery ...
In 1805 - the year Nelson destroyed Napoleon's fleet at Trafalgar - a new Bishop arrived to take up the see of Cork and Ross. 31 year old Lord John De La Poer Beresford, a younger son of the 1st Marquis of Waterford, would go on to become Primate of All Ireland. He was born at Tyrone House in Dublin on 22nd November 1773. After an education at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, he took holy orders and, having served in various family livings, succeeded to the See of Cork and Ross...".

Others places of the Templars in Ireland:
Crook Castle and a church that belonged to the Templars.
KILLORGLIN, a parish, partly in the barony of DUNKERRON, partly in MAGONIHY, but chiefly in the barony of TRUGHENACKMY, county of KERRY, and province of MUNSTER 3 miles (S. W.) from Milltown, here is the castle and manor on the Knights Templars.
Killure a Preceptory of the Knights Templars, and Bishops Court of the Bishop of Waterford. Killure is in County Waterford near Waterford airport south of above Waterford.
Towards Youghall on a rock over the river is the Castle of Strancaley; lower are the Castles of Temple Michael and Rhincrow alias Kilcrow, of which there is a tradition that it was the place of the Knights Templars.
Bewley, where there are ruins, said to be an house of the Templars, but there is no account of it.



More on The Union of Scythemen:

The Union of Scythemen was since 1821 associated to the Patriotic Society of W. Łukasiński, was a right, liberal-aristocratic wing of the Society. The Union of Scythemen was disbanded after the liquidation of the Patriotic Society in 1826; the leading activists: L. Sczaniecki, J. N. Umiński, I. Prądzyński. The members of the Union of Scytheman were in opposition to W. Łukasiński, they attacked the concept of collaboration with Alexander I of Russia and with Russia; then The Union of Scythemen was independent from Warsaw, and introduced organizational forms similar to the Carbonari Movement in Italy.
Above Umiński Jan Nepomucen (1780-1851), general , during the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794 he was Adjutant of General A. J. Madaliński. Participant of all military campaigns during the period of the Duchy of Warsaw [see Sulkowski, Paszkowski, Fiszer, Mielzynski]. One of the leaders of the Union of Scythemen in the Posen province, then in 1821 co-founder and activist of the Patriotic Society. Imprisoned in 1827 by the Prussians in Glogow, he fled to the Polish Kingdom and took part in the November Uprising (1830-1831). For one day (on 23 September 1831), he served as commander in chief.
Above Madaliński Antoni Józef (1739-1805), General of the national cavalry, member of the Bar Confederation, activist of the Patriotic Society.
Sic! Ludwik Sczaniecki the 2nd, 1833-1915, m. Maria Hutten-Czapska daughter of Franciszek Ignacy Dionizy Hutten-Czapski 1797-1862.
Ludwik Sczaniecki the 2nd was son of Filipina Mielżyńska Css, 1807-1857 and grandson of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński Count, 1778-1826, and great-grandson of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielżyński [Maksymilian was the son of Andrzej Mielżyński of Kcynia, 1698-1771 and Anna Petronela Bnińska 1720-1771] 1738-1799 + Konstancja Hutten-Czapska 1749-1813.

Note to Stanisław Kostka Miełżyński / Mielzynski:
Piotr Zaremba b. 1750 [1760 ?; Piotr was married in ca 1780 ?] + Elżbieta Radolińska [that is Elżbieta Ulatowski nee Radolińska born in 1760; married Piotr Zaremba and they had daughter Prowidencja Honorata Mielżyński / Prowidencja Mielzynski nee Zaremba b. 1785, who married above mentioned Stanisław Kostka Miełżyński in 1810]. Above Elżbieta Radolińska was daughter of Andrzej the 5th Radolinski and Marianna born Bronikowska.

Note to ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI the 4th:

Jan Ignacy Radolinski / John Ignatius Radoliński (1769 - 1845), was son of Andrew / Andrzej Radolinski of Wschowa [above named ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI the 4th, 1719 - 1775], who was the Chamberlain of Fryderyk Wilhelm II. Jan Ignacy was owner of Biała [close to TRZCIANKA], Radolin and Napachanie, and since 1836 was the Prussian Count.
Jan Ignacy Radoliński married to widowed Maria Nieborska, ex-wife of his brother Jozef / Józef Radoliński, owner of Borzęciczki.
Had children: Stanisław Józef Juliusz, Józefa and Emilia (1809). Divorced in 1815 / 1820.
Andrzej Radolinski [ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI the 4th, 1719 - 1775] in 1789 was appointed by Friedrich Wilhelm II the second lieutenant in the regiment of Guards Corps. At the news of the start of the Kosciuszko Insurrection he left the service and went on a journey through Europe to Paris. There he has been presented to Napoleon Bonaparte (see Sulkowski and Murat). When Napoleon arrived with his army to Poznan, Radoliński offered him his service. He was a Member of Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw. After the death of John Radoliński in 1796, Jarocin and surounding villages were inherited by his eldest son, Francis. He died at age 46.
Now the estates were taken over by his brother Ignatius / Ignacy. He married his cousin Anna Kwilecka (Wirydianna's and her first husband Maciej Kwilecki daughter).
Next owner of Jarocin was Władysław (1806 - 1879), son of above Ignacy.

Above Wladyslaw was friend to Antoni Radziwiłł, was in Berlin (to Atanazy Raczyński), Paryż, Drezno, Bruksela, Kolonia, Lyon, Rzym, Amsterdam, and Florencja (see Neri, Oginski, Bobrinsky, Demidov). 1838 in London; 1840 m. Józefina. Władysław Radoliński moved home to Poznan; Władysław Radoliński was also owner of Jarocin, 1841 was born his son Hugon (1841 - 1917), but Józefina was living in Drezno; Władysław died in Neapol in 1879 (see Pilar Pilchau's daughters). In 1872 Hugon / Hugo Radoliński taken over Jarocin, but was Ambassador of Prussia in Sankt Petersburg, Konstantynopol and Paris as von Radolin; married English woman Catherine Wakefield, she died in Madera, with son Alfred von Radolin (1864 - 1910). 2nd time married to Joanna von Oppersdorff of Głogówek; son of Alfred, that is Wilhelm von Radolin (1894 - 1965) was next owner of Jarocin, married Ewa von Wedel (1893 - 1972).

Above Andrzej Radoliński [ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI the 4th], 1719 - 1775, was son of Józef Stefan Radoliński b. ca 1680 and Teresa Swiniarska of Wybranow b. ca 1700; Andrzej the 4th had 7 brothers and sisters: Józef Stanisław Radoliński, Mikołaj Radoliński and others; Andrzej married Anna Gajewska of Błociszewo; they had 5 children: Teresa Honorata Agnieszka Katarzyna von Domhardt; Katarzyna Anna Prakseda Aniela 1 voto Węgorzewska, 2nd to Garczyński, and others.

Note to Andrzej Radolinski the 5th:
In 1767 in Wrotkowo / Wrotków, Stanisław Ulatowski widowed, owner of Koszkowo [see the Kiedrzynski's estate], married 2nd to Elżbieta Radolińska, daughter of Andrzej Radolinski the 5th, and Marjanna owners of Wrotkowo / Wrotkow; witnesses: Roch Zbijewski, owner of Pogorzela, and Rafał Gajewski, of Wolsztyn, Borzęciczki and Mokronosy.
Above Andrzej Radolinski the 5th died ca 1755, was born to Andrzej Radoliński the 6th senior and Katarzyna nee Czekanowska;
Andrzej the 5th had sister Jadwiga Byszewska born Radoliński, and brother Wojciech Radoliński; Andrzej the 5th married Marianna born Bronikowska.

See above Elżbieta Ulatowski nee Radolińska born in 1760, married Piotr Zaremba with daughter Prowidencja Honorata Mielżyński / Prowidencja Mielzynski nee Zaremba b. 1785, who married Stanisław Kostka Miełżyński in 1810. Elżbieta Radolińska was daughter of above Andrzej the 5th who married Marianna Bronikowska. Elżbieta Ulatowska Radolińska had sister Anna Radolińska born Radolińska.

Note to Andrzej Radoliński senior the 6th and Katarzyna Radolińska born Czekanowska:

Andrzej senior the 6th was son of Wawrzyniec Radoliński who died 1664 and Anna Baszkowska d. after 1666.
Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski the 5th born ca 1650 and Marianna Sarnowska. The grandfather of above Zofia was Andrzej Radoliński older the 6th, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA [Andrzej Radoliński the 6th senior m. Katarzyna nee Czekanowska];
father of Zofia: Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1670 [Andrzej the 5th married Marianna born Bronikowska]; his brother was Wojciech Radolinski.

Above Zofia 1677 - 1723 had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski
(Józef Stefan Radoliński who lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski, was a clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski), died in 1740, was son of above Andrzej junior {younger} 1650 - 1708; see a branch of Petronela Radolinska).
Zofia RADOLINSKA 1677 / 1678 - 1723 married Kazimierz Walewski. They had daughter Marianna Radolinska, born Walewska.
Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 m. in 1755 to Malgorzata Lubienska 1733-1784 {Kajetan Radoliński b. ca 1730 was son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and above Marianna Walewska! MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and his wife above Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radoliński b. ca 1650 [above Andrzej Radolinski the 5th younger, 1650 - 1708] and Marianna SARNOWSKA}.

Józef Radoliński 1750 - 1756 was son of Wojciech Radolinski and Anna Bnińska. Below his roots; his great-great-grandfather:
Andrzej Radoliński older the 6th, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA;
great-grandfather: Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1660 (his brother was Wojciech Radolinski).

Ludwika Eufemia Ponińska Domiechowska b. circa 1698 in Brzostków, the Busko County, died 1775 in Brzostków, was wife of Franciszek Poniński
[he was son of Radolinska who was born ca 1650 - daughter of Andrzej Radoliński younger the 6th, b. ca 1610 / 1620; Franciszek Poniński was married in 1726, in Brzostków; he was living 1676 / 1680 - 1740; had daughter Jadwiga Ponińska 1730-1768 m. Konstanty Kwilecki; and had son Antoni Józef Poniński].

About Jan Radoliński (1726 - 1796):
Andrzej Radoliński the 6th (ca 1610 / 1620 - 1681) owner of Jarocin and villages: Bogusław, Ciświca, Roszków and Pszonna. Andrzej Radoliński married Katarzyna with oldest son Andrzej junior the 5th who died 1708 [Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1660] and his brother Wojciech was travelling around Europa; were owners of Jarocin.
Józef Stefan Radoliński was son of Andrzej junior acc. to Wikipedia. He was owner of Jarocin, Skoki, Łobżenica and Sierniki, Kretkowo, Wola. Józef Stefan Radoliński lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; officer in Wschowa (see Sulkowski). Died in 1740. Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski was owner of Jarocin, but his brother Józef Stanisław was officer in Wschowa; in 1757 Józef Stanisław married to Katarzyna Raczyńska (see Kiedrzynski).
Mentioned above PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was daughter of above Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki [see PONIATOWSKI].
In 1774 Józef Stanisław from hands of Stanisław August Poniatowski had taken Jeziorki, Słupia and Piekary; Józef Stanisław died in 1781.
Józef Stanisław and Katarzyna had daughter Wirydianna (1761 - 1826), who married two times; 1st in 1788 to Maciej Antoni Kwilecki, officer in Wschowa; Wirydianna m. 2nd time to General Stanisław Fiszer, the Chief of Army Staff of the Duchy of Warsaw and longtime friend of Tadeusz Kosciuszko (see General Franciszek Paszkowski who had daughter - Armand's wife, and relatives to the Konstantynowiczs!).

We back again to Stanislaw Ulatowski owner of Koszkowo and Głuchowo; in 1780 in Skałów, Józef Jasiński married Katarzyna de Daleszyński, with witnesses Piotr Radoliński and Stanislaw Ulatowski.

At margin: Zofia Walewska 1677 / 1678 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski and Marianna Sarnowska. Zofia was granddaughter of Andrzej Radoliński older, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA. Zofia 1677 - 1723 had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski. Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 m. in 1755 to Malgorzata Lubienska 1733-1784, was son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska! MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and above named Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678.

In 1773 in Skałow, Jakub Godlewski officer in Wschowa, owner of Wieczyn, m. Julja nee Radolińska of Skałow; witnesses: Jan Radolinski owner of Jarocin, Mateusz Leśniowski and mentioned above Stanislaw Ulatowski.

We back to The Union of Scythemen:
Maciej Józef Franciszek Mielżyński (b. 1799 in Winna Góra close to Środa Wielkopolska), was the son of Jozef Mielzynski and Frances nee Niemojowski; educated at home under a personal tutor Jan Baptysta Motty / John Baptist Motty, then in schools in Berlin. He was jailed for participating in The Union of Scythemen.
Above Jan Baptysta Motty (b. 1790 in Paris), naturalist, educator, polonized Frenchman was the son of Jean, the national cavalry officer, and Anna Maria Bachmann. He came to the Polish territory in 1805 with Mielżyński; in Miloslaw, 1806-1812 he worked as a tutor to the sons of Jozef Mielżyński (including Maciej).
Named above Ignacy Pantaleon Prądzyński (b. 1792 in Sanniki), general, commander-in-chief of the November Uprising. He was a member of The Union of Scythemen, and one of the founders of the Patriotic Society (1821). Imprisoned (1826-1829) for belonging to a secret organization. He was also the author of the partisan war in the Polish Kingdom - see Sulimierski and Lubiec close to Wola Pszczolecka in 1833.


Note on the Rokossowski family in the south Great Poland [Krotoszyn, Leszno, Rawicz]:
Maciej son of Wawrzyniec Rokossowski, inf. 1527, Pawlowo;
1516 Srem, Maciej Rokossowski;
1852 Wincenty Rokossowski and Konstancja Cholewicka in Krasnosielc-Sielc;
Rokossowski Piotr priest in Krotoszyn in the 19th cent.;
1814, Skiereszew near Gniezno - Konstanty Rokossowski, owner of Mnichowo, and Domicella Nowacka; Konstanty Rokossowski, a steward in Mnichowo in 1811.
Ksawera Antonina Prowidencja d. 1803 in Popkowo / Pepkowo, daughter of Jozef Rokossowski and Kunegunda nee Skoroszewska Rokossowski.
Pepowo in the Gostyn county, 16 km south-east of Gostyn, at half way from Gostyn to Krotoszyn, and east of Rokosowo!
In 1775 Zofja Rokossowska, wife of Klemens Karsznicki with her son Waclaw-Michal Karsznicki, together with Tomasz Rokossowski the purpose of considering matters of inheritance after death of Marianna Rokossowska 1 voto Bogurska, 2nd voto Korytowska; the estate was in
Czeluscin close to PEPOWO, west of Krotoszyn.
In 1772, Jakub Rokossowski, priest, son of the widow of the deceased Karol Rokossowski; mother nee Grodzicka, was owner of Szczytniki; grandmother was nee Rokossowska wife of Dankowski.

Mentioned above KAROLINA Gatkiewicz nee Korytowska was the daughter of Piotr Korytowski who died before 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska; Karolina was born in Pakoslaw {south of above Pepowo, 14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN, see Mielzynski and Sulkowski}, d. 1800 [Piotr m. also to Weronika Tekla Bartoszewska 1730 - 1756; above Ewa was married also to Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski d. 1756].
The Konarzewski family had Pepowo to 18th cent., then Weronika Konarzewska married Maciej Mycielski and she brought him as her dowry named Pepowo; with Chocieszewice, in 1846 - Teodor Mycielski. 1830, Józefa Mycielski in Rokosowo. ROKOSOWO is situated south-west of GOSTYN.

Above Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska's family:
came from Wojciech Rokossowski b. ca 1665, died 1716 who was maybe brother of Jakub b. ca 1670, and wife of above Wojciech - Katarzyna Milinska d. 1732,
with children:
Jadwiga Rokossowska; Joanna Rokossowska, Teresa died 1750,
Karol Rokossowski d. 1776,
Zofia; Stanislaw; Franciszek Rokossowski.

Above named KAROL d. 1776 with wife Marianna Grodzicka who died in 1780, had son Tomasz Konstanty Rokossowski 1721 - 1783;
next sons: Józef Rokossowski, Wojciech Sebastian; Antoni Fabian Rokossowski; Ignacy Maurycy; Adam Stanislaw Rokossowski; and above mentioned daughter
Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska - see Wola Pszczolecka - who died 1800 (KAROLINA Gatkiewicz was daughter of Piotr Korytowski d. 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska married Walknowska born in Pakoslaw south of Pepowo, 14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN);
next daughter Kunegunda Rokossowska.

Above Tomasz Konstanty Rokossowski born 1721 in Pakoslaw, d. 1783, m. Magdalena Tomicka d. 1797, with daughter Nepomucena; and son Józef Gabriel Joachim Rokossowski born 1770, officer in Gniezno, who married to Kunegunda Skoroszewska b. 1781; above Magdalena Rokossowski (born Tomicki), 1740 - 1797 was daughter of Wladyslaw Tomicki b. 1690 and Katarzyna Tomicki (born Szumanczewski in 1700). Magdalena had sister Zofia Gliszczynski.

Marshal Konstanty Rokossowski died 1968 in Moscow, come from Franciszek Rokossowski b. 1779 in Rosciszewo close to Sierpc, d. 1851 in Baranowo, near Ostroleka, who was son of
Jakub Rokossowski and Agnieszka GAJEWSKA.
Above Jakub Rokossowski b. ca 1760 [see below] was husband of Agnieszka and father of Franciszek and Faustyn Rokossowski.
Probably they came from branch of Jakub Rokossowski 1524 - 1580, who had son Jan (1574-1598), owner of Szamotuly, and since 1564 landowner of Stare Dlugie west of Leszno, close to Polish border. Jakub in 1569 bought Ostrzeszow.

Jakub Rokossowski of Rokossowo was born ca 1670 [see above - Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska's family: came from Wojciech Rokossowski b. ca 1665, died 1716 who was maybe brother of Jakub b. ca 1670, and wife of above Wojciech - Katarzyna Milinska d. 1732, were children: Jadwiga Rokossowska; Joanna Rokossowska, Teresa died 1750, Karol Rokossowski d. 1776, Zofia; Stanislaw; Franciszek Rokossowski].
Wife of named above JAKUB in 1710, was daughter to officer of Wschowa, with children:
1. b. 1710; 2. b. before 1730, with
a. Piotr Rokossowski of Rokossowo b. 1760 + Marianna Smolenska with son Feliks Rokossowski b. 1791;
b. next son born ca 1760 [? that is above mentioned Jakub + Agnieszka - the branch of Marshal];
c. son b. ca 1760; d. daughter b. ca 1760; e. last son b. ca 1760.

Named above Dlugie Stare - west of LESZNO, 3 km to Polish border; 1540 - Jakub Rokossowski (Rokoszowski, Rokoszewski), who died in 1580; 1581 Jadwiga Dluska; Mateusz Rebinski + Zofia Krzycka. Then after 1580 - Rafal Leszczynski; Jakub Rokossowski; Jan Rokossowski and Maciej Rostworowski.
And we know about In 1786 Józef Glaubicz Rokossowski, son of Maciej of Wschowa + Józefata Babicka; next of kin to Jan; Wladyslaw; Tomasz; Elzbieta; Franciszka; Ewa.


Konstantynowicz Bogdan - encyklopedia Polski Niepodleglej.


Stanisław August Poniatowski the King, General Stanisław Fiszer, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Tadeusz Antoni Mostowski and General Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko - a way to the independent Poland.

General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus. Part 1.

General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus. Part 2.

Lenin's Revolution 1917 - Polish independence in 1918.



  Inf. about my domain on 05 July 2013. Domain ID: D29088334-LRMS; Domain Name: KONSTANTYNOWICZ.INFO; Created On: 17-Jul-2009; Sponsoring Registrar: Melbourne IT Ltd. R141-LRMS / Afilias Global Registry Services; Sponsoring Registrar IANA ID: 13 (The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, IANA, is responsible for the global coordination of the DNS Root, IP addressing, and other Internet protocol resources. http://www.iana.org/; Registrar IDs: 13 Melbourne IT, Ltd); Status: CLIENT TRANSFER PROHIBITED. Registrant ID: A124775697444322; Registrant Name: Bogdan Konstantynowicz. Private Registration US: PO Box 61359, Sunnyvale, California CA 94088, United States. Phone: +1.5105952002. Billing Name: PrivateRegContact Bill and Billing ID: A124775697444321. Webserver: YTS/1.19.8 and / or YTS/1.17.13; Server Information - Apache Traffic Server, Nameserver Provider - Yahoo DNS, Hosting Provider - Yahoo.

But November the 30th, 2015 my domain and Web Hosting is closed down. Temporary I believe. Webpages are working to July 2015. Maybe longer.

Provider Host: UNKNOWN-216-39-62-X.yahoo.com; host: X-Host : p4w12.geo.ac4.yahoo.com or / and p4p2.geo.re4.yahoo.com. Email Services - Yahoo! Business Email, Analytics and Tracking - Google Analytics, Yahoo Web Analytics, Yahoo Geocities Analytics. Content Delivery Network - Yahoo Image CDN. 4 Name Servers: (dns1.domaincontrol.com, dns2.domaincontrol.com) yns1.yahoo.com, yns2.yahoo.com, ns8.san.yahoo.com, ns9.san.yahoo.com. The YTS/1 server, its IP Number is 98.136.92.206; a ping speed test response, is timed at 35.0 ms. A different inf. in 2015: 1. Konstantynowicz.info is hosted in Quincy, Washington, US at 98.136.187.13; Washington, Quincy, United States, 98848. Quincy is located near the center of Washington State just 10 miles North of I-90. Microsoft, Yahoo! and Intuit built large data centers within the Quincy area between 2006 and 2008. Yahoo! Inc. (YHOO) and Microsoft (MSFT) Corp. announced they would build huge new Internet data centers in the area. These are the facilities that house vast 'server farms' comprising computers and other gear to handle the flow of traffic on the Net. 2. the server IP 67.195.61.65 (YTS/1.19.8 - located country United States, Sunnyvale, Server IP Address 67.195.61.65. IP belongs to ISP UUNET TECHNOLOGIES INC, ISP domain: UU.NET, The company provides Internet logins and application services. UUNET Technologies, Inc. operates as a subsidiary of Verizon Business. It started in 1983 as Bell Atlantic in Philadelphia). Tech ID: B124776876905430. IP-address: 98.136.92.206 or 216.39.62.190 - Sunnyvale - California - United States. IP History: 5 changes on 5 unique IP addresses over 4 years. Reverse IP: 248,970 other sites hosted on this server. This domain use cookies but only minimal privacy data should be saved and use the official Platform for Privacy Preferences Project. Search Engine Indexes GOOGLE, YAHOO, BING. Who is History: 45 records have been archived since 2009-09-28. Global traffic rank for the 'konstantynowicz.info' web page: 24,741,662 View Site in 2010 and Alexa Rank: 10.900.993 in July 2011; Alexa Rank: 6.757.845 in August 2011. The site home page speed: 0.15 seconds - very fast. The partial statistics of my four addresses of the Domain, with two subdomains since 17 July 2009 to 17 September 2012: 64.505 (to 27 November 2012 - 71.619; to 01/02 Febr. 2013 - 78020). Statistic of the Domain 01 January 2013 to 11 June 2013: 16633. All five 'geocities' since March 2003 to 26th October 2009 - 43.600. All at the Yahoo servers only and since March 2003 to 17th September 2012 - 108.105. The partial statistic of my four addresses of the Domain, with two subdomains since 17 July 2009 to 01 December 2011: circa 42668. Charset: windows- 1250.

The genealogy and history of the noble Kiedrzynski family.



November 2013 to July 2014 - new websites on the genealogy and history of the noble Konstantynowicz family in Russia 1772 - 1918, Poland 1918 - 1939 and next at a Polish territory 1939 - 2014.

Europe 1789 - 1937. Belarusian, Estonian, Polish and Russian genealogical and historical database.

F.  W. Rose, A Serio-Comic Map of the Year 1877,  London:  G.  W. Bacon & Co., British Library; 
 an earlier Dutch map at the University of Amsterdam upon which this map is based is identical 
except for the wounded tentacle.    A later Rose map, even more obviously depicting the British 
perspective, is  'John Bull and his Friends' from 1900 in which John Bull (Great Britain) faces a  
continent full of hostile, disinterested, or preoccupied  'friends' and an even more threatening 
octopus-Russia, reaching out in all directions. On the eve of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5), 
a Japanese take on the Serio-Comic map shifts the focus decidedly eastward and portrays Russia as the 
black octopus. And for a completely contrary view, a Japanese print self-identifies with the 
octopus after the war commenced with the Battle of Port Arthur.   Copyright by  
 http://streetsofsalem.com/2013/01/22/teaching-with-tentacles/

Polonia, Polonya, Poland, Polska, Polen.
Józef Piłsudski and Feliks Dzierżyński genealogy. Database for konstantynowicz.info. The noble Konstantinovich family history: Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

Józef Piłsudski and Feliks Dzierżyński genealogy. Database for konstantynowicz.info. The noble Konstantinovich family history: Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

Rody szlacheckie Pilsudski, Dzierzynski, Pilar Pilchau, Bulhak, oraz genealogiczne i historyczne dane dla domeny konstantynowicz.info - historia i genealogia rodziny Konstantynowicz. The noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

Historia i genealogia rodziny Konstantynowicz. The noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

Pilar Pilchau and Artuzow Frautchi: the Soviet military intelligence and the noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia and the Lenin Revolution in November 1917 in Russia.

Renucci or Fraucci / Frauchi / Artuzov and the Great Purge 1937 in Soviet Union. The Russian military intelligence and the noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia and the Lenin Revolution in November 1917 in Russia. Here is a key information to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family.

Switzerland and  Estonia  -  military intelligence in  Russia

The Russian military intelligence to 1918 and radio-intelligence (Sweden, Russia, Estonia, Poland) at the beginning of the 20th century. "...August 1931 to May 1935, Artuzov was the head of OGPU foreign intelligence / INO. May 1934 until early 1937, Artuzov was also deputy head of the IV Directorate of the Staff of the RKKA / the Soviet military intelligence / later GRU (to the IV Directorate from May 25, 1934; his raport to Stalin on June 23, 1934). On January 11, 1937, Artuzov was dismissed from his position as deputy head of the Soviet military intelligence. Artuzov wrote to Stalin on January 17, 1937. Artuzov was then sent back to the GUGB NKVD, was the head of archival department. On May 13, 1937, he was arrested...".

All on the life of the noble Konstantinovich family in tsarist Russia 1772 to 1918. The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell in Russia.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph. History on the noble Constantinovich family in Russia in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Duflon & Constantinovich Company 1892 - 1918.

The noble Konstantynowicz family in new Poland 1945 - 2013.

Breguet, Brown, Masson, Rey, Armand, Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, Duflon and history of research on telegraph, radio and electricity. Deka Company in Petersburg, Moscow and Zaporoze - Russian engines and airplanes.


Table of contents for pages of the plane crash in Smolensk on 10 April 2010:
 First page to 12 August 2010
Second page
Third page
Fourth page
Fifth page
Sixth page
Seventh page
 
PART EIGHT
Page No 9 - April 2013.

Druga Konferencja Smolenska 21 i 22 pazdziernika 2013 roku w Warszawie

Katastrofa samolotu w Smolensku 10 kwietnia 2010 roku - czesc jedenasta. Sledztwo polskie w 2014 roku.



Konferencja naukowa 22 pazdziernika 2012 - Katastrofa Smolenska 2010. Wnioski ze sledztwa. Wypadek lotniczy, jego przyczyny i przebieg - Smolensk 2010 rok. Czesc szosta.

Sledztwa polskie w sprawie katastrofy samolotu rzadowego w Smolensku w 2010 roku. Wypadek lotniczy, jego przyczyny i przebieg - Smolensk 2010 rok. Czesc siodma.

Genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Bagration-Gruzinski, Kalinowski, Oginski, Paszkowski, Dyuflon, Staroch Siedoch, Armand, Pociej, Radziwill and Piottuch Kublicki family in the 18th and 19th centuries in Russia, Estonia and Belarus.

Wrzesien 1939 roku. New!

Duflon Company, Miezonka and 'Nadberezyncy' - new maps

Nadberezyncy, Florian Czarnyszewicz. New map south of Miezonka.

The noble Konstantynowicz family in new Poland 1945 - 2013.

История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи. Ca 1800 to 1951, Miezonka - destroyed noble catholic village 1937 before 1951. Genealogy and history of the Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part one.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part two.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part three.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part four.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part five.

Dyrektywa Ogolna Naczelnego Wodza Marszalka Edwarda Rydza Smiglego - godz. 14.30 dnia 17 wrzesnia 1939 roku, jako konsekwencja Tajnego Zalacznika do Paktu Ribbentrop - Molotow z dnia 23 sierpnia 1939 roku.


Korpus gen. Dowbor Musnickiego na Bialorusi 1917 / 1918

Berezino

Berezyna na Bialorusi

The Roman Catholic parish in Bialynicze / Bialynitchy; рымска-каталіцкая парафія ў Бялынічах

New photos of the Miezonka catholic Cemetery / Mieżonki / Мяжонка / Мяжонкі Cmentarz stary katolicki wieś Mieżonka, rejon białynicki, Rep. Bialorus, zdjęcia Аляксей Мацеша/ Aleksei Macesza

Rodzina szlachecka Wankowicz w parafii Berezyna ihumenska na Bialorusi The Wankowicz family  in the Berezyna parish, Belarus.

Here you can to acquaint with information about former Ihumen district and with data on the Polish in the parish of Berezino. Here there are details with Brzezinski family from Livland. It's a large part devoted to Polish senior officers in Tsarist Army and which next served for the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus in 1917 - 1918, and also part with information about the Corps of Balachowicz in 1920. 

Parafia Berezyna ihumenska na Bialorusi

About My Domain

WOT Reputation Scorecard

Zbrojna agresja Zwiazku Sowieckiego na Polske we wrzesniu 1939 roku a stan wojny z Sowietami po 1939. Soviet aggression on Poland in 1939 and a state of war with the Soviet Union after 17 September 1939.

General Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski

Zamach stanu generala Wladyslawa Sikorskiego we wrzesniu 1939 roku. The coup d'etat by General Wladyslaw Sikorski in September 1939

Tlo polityczne dzialan zbrojnych we wrzesniu i w pazdzierniku 1939 roku

Analiza wydarzen politycznych towarzyszacych dzialaniom zbrojnym po agresji sowieckiej na Polske 17 wrzesnia 1939 roku

Oswiej, Oswieja, Oświeja, Асвея

Oswieja - parafia p.w. Sw. Marii Magdaleny

The list of participants in the uprising 1863 - 1864, exiled to Western Siberia

Anastasia Konstantinovich / Константинович Настасья born ca 1837 and Piotr Konstantinovich / Константинович Петр born ca 1833.

® HISTORY OF THE POLISH SEPTEMBER 1939 IN THE VILNO PROVINCE 

Glowne walki z Sowietami 1939

Jency polscy w niewoli sowieckiej 1939

Author Bogdan Konstantynowicz Appendix C on 22 March 2003; text - Polish language 

Agresja Zwiazku Sowieckiego na Polske w 1939 roku

from now on at the address: Kampania wrzesniowa 1939   Warszawa przeciwko sowietom 1939

from now on at the address: Kampania wrzesniowa podczas agresji Zwiazku Sowieckiego na Polske   

Author Bogdan Konstantynowicz Appendix on 12th January 2010 with text by Polish language  

Agresja Zwiazku Sowieckiego na Polske 17 wrzesnia 1939 roku

Wojna Obronna we wrzesniu i pazdzierniku 1939 roku w Polsce

Druga bitwa pod Tomaszowem Lubelskim - wrzesien 1939 roku

Bitwa generala Franciszka Kleeberga pod Kockiem i Lukowem - wrzesien i pazdziernik 1939 roku

Here you can to read about the Second Battle of Tomaszow Lubelski on 21st September - 28th September 1939. 

Ho gegrapha, gegrapha!

new maps!!

Copyright by 'Moikrewni.pl'

Konstantinovich from Lithuania and Belarus

Dyuflon / Duflon & Konstantynowicz Company 1892 - 1918

Завод Дюфлон, Константинович и Ко. - Dyuflon / Duflon / Dufflon and Konstantynowicz - Deka Company in St Petersburg 1892 - 1918, Moscow and Zaporoze 1907 - 1918

Here you can to read about noble ancestries deriving from former Mscislau province, DEKA Company in Russia 1912  mainly there are Polish and Byelorussian families, e.g. about Holynski, Wollowicz, Puszkin, Brujewicz, Polubinski, Hurko and others. An information on Polish exiles in Siberia are at the website, too. Also about Polish rebellion near by the Lake Baikal in 1866. Here is description of the January Insurrection 1863 in the Ihumen (Cerven) district and also in the Mahileu government; and theory about the Fox and Pielesz coats of arms in the Grand duchy of Lithuania. 

more about the Berezyna parish and the Konstantynowiczs at Siberia

The Baikal Insurrection in Siberia 1866

Polecam przeczytac:

Radiowywiad nie tylko polski

Nie tylko 'Enigma' ... Piotr Wodziński, maj 2011

Szaniawski, Polska między historią a geopolityką. Tajny epizod USA - Polska

Appendix A

The Balachowicz Corps 1920

Pogon Litewska

Korpus generala Stanislawa Balachowicza w 1920 roku na Bialorusi

Tallinn, Pskov, Toropiec 1917 - 1920.

Our roots from Grand Duchy of Lithuania

and 

Armia generala Balachowicza 1920

Raport Zespolu Parlamentarnego Macierewicza z dnia 10 wrzesnia 2012 roku. Wnioski ze sledztwa. Wypadek lotniczy, jego przyczyny i przebieg - Smolensk 2010 rok. Czesc piata.

Katastrofa samolotu w Smolensku dnia 10 kwietnia 2010, czesc czwarta. Teoria dwoch wstrzasow lub dwoch wybuchow wedlug zespolu Maciarewicza.

Wypadek lotniczy, jego przyczyny i przebieg - Smolensk 2010 rok. Czesc czwarta. Dwa wstrzasy na pokladzie samolotu rzadowego dnia 10 kwietnia 2010 roku. Raport Maciarewicza z kwietnia 2012 roku.

Katastrofa samolotu w Smolensku dnia 10 kwietnia 2010

Wypadek lotniczy, jego przyczyny i przebieg - Smolensk 2010 rok

and 

Smolensk 10 kwietnia 2010 roku

Katastrofa samolotu w Smolensku 2010 - czesc druga

Katyn 1940 - 1943 Smolensk 2010

Rosyjskie i polskie stanowisko w sprawie katastrofy lotniczej - Smolensk 10 kwietnia 2010 rok

® History of  the noble 

KONSTANTYNOWICZ  family 

FROM THE GRAND DUCHY OF LITHUANIA 

The Konstantynowicz / Konstantinavicius ancestry from Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Polska szlachta na Bialorusi - The Polish Nobility in Belarus

Here you will read about different lines and branches of the Konstantynowiczs from Lithuania (Konstantinavicius), Belarus, Latvia, Russia, Ukraine, Romania and now from Poland; and about emigrants in America and at others continents. This is my main homepage with references. Why not read that site? There are very interesting data about DEKA air company from St Petersburg, about the Boncz Brujewicz family and on my grandfather - Tsarist and Polish soldier in 1912/1916 - 1947. At every websites you will find out information about Szostak, Zbieranowski and Malkiewicz families, and also interesting links to genealogical sites and into historical pages. 

The Fox coat of arms 

in the Grand duchy of Lithuania  The Fox coat of arms

Fox crest

Herb Lis na Bialorusi i rod Konstantinavicius / Kanstancinovič (full information on the Fox coat of arms)

Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Orlov-Denisov / Orlow Denisow, Bagrationi / Bagration-Gruzinski / Bagration Gruzinsky, Pashkovsky / Paszkowski, Duflon / Dyuflon, Siedych / Sedoch / Staroch-Siedoch, Armand, Demonets / Demonet in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia

Part ten - Autumn 2011

Part eleven - Autumn 2012, the first page

The Photos Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2012 - part twelve, Autumn 2012 Poland - second page

The Photos Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part nine. HQ

The Photos Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part eight, birds

The Pictures Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part seven, Pieniny mountains

Pictures Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part six

Pictures Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part five

Pictures Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part four

Pictures Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part three

Pictures Exhibition of Andrzej Konstantynowicz in 2011 - part two

Pictures Exhibition of 'konstantynowicz.info' 2010

more about the Bolsheviks and capitalists and about Lenin and the German military intelligence service

Lenin's funds in Russia and capitalists

Lenin's funds in Russia and the German military intelligence service - part 1.

Lenin's funds in Russia and the German military intelligence service - part 2: Alexander = Helphand vel Parvus (from Berezyna / Berezino) and also Hanecki and Mecheslav Yulevich Kozlovsky (Mieczyslaw Kozlowski son of Julian, a Bolshevik attorney, died in 1927, was described as the chief recipient of the German money that was transferred from Berlin through the Diskonto-Gesellschaft to the Stockholm Nya Banken and thence to the Siberian Bank in Petrograd) had been working for Parvus, Sklarz in Berlin, Karinsky, Bonch-Bruyevich, Lenin, Radek, and Vorovsky; Eugenia Mavrikievna Sumenson (Eugenia daughter of Maurycy, a woman relative of Hanecki), Svenson vel Hans Steinwachs, Alexinsky.

Lenin's funds in Russia and the German military intelligence service - part 3.



COPYRIGHT BY BOGDAN KONSTANTYNOWICZ 

September 2008 / 02 February 2013

These all papers are sold subjects to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold,  any public performances,  hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher's prior consent in any form of  binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Works registered or first published in the U.S. after 2002 - copyright term: 70 years after the death of author. Copyright law in the United States is part of federal law, and is authorized by the U.S. Constitution; copyright law is granted in Article I, Section 8, Clause 8, also known as the Copyright Clause; The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO); The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, found at 17 U.S.C. § 512 ('DMCA'), provides recourse for owners of copyrighted materials who believe that their rights under United States copyright law have been infringed upon on the Internet.  Warning:  these papers / all websites are sold for  private home use only.
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances". To provide such guarantees, the First Amendment - along with the rest of the Bill of Rights - was submitted to the states for ratification on September 25, 1789, and adopted on December 15, 1791 (Wikipedia).

© All rights reserved. No part of all these  works covered by  copyright  hereon may be reproduced in any form or by  any  means - graphic,  electronic, or mechanical - including photocopying,  recording, downloading,  uploading, taping, or storage in an information  retrieval system, without the  prior written permission of the copyright owner  - © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz from Ursus / Warszawa. The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) is a plurilateral agreement for the purpose of establishing international standards on intellectual property rights enforcement, signed by United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Morocco, New Zealand, Singapore, and South Korea. One of the legislation provides for 'the possibility of release by the competent authorities of their Internet service provider to disclose promptly order the right holder sufficient information to identify the subscriber, for which there is a suspicion that his account was used to harm' the rights relating to trademarks, copyrights and related industries. 'ACTA provides for higher international enforcement standards for intellectual property rights by establishing a stronger legal framework, increasing international cooperation and enhancing enforcement measures. ACTA’s legal framework includes sections on civil enforcement measures (such as allowing for civil-court proceedings and damages for rights holders)'.


The author is greatly indebted to all those who kindly supplied information. I inform all readers about statistic of my main website  bog4konsta 18530 times on  June the 21st, 2009 and this page was made over 6 years ago on March 9th, 2003; my  five "geocities"  41410 times  (only single openings index.html), and were made in March 2003. The full statistic since March 2003 to 02nd December 2010: 64.902 (all five 'geocities' since March 2003 to 26th October 2009 - 43.600; and my Domain since 17 July 2009 to 02nd December 2010 - 21.302). My four addresses of the Domain, with subdomains since 17 July 2009 to 24/25 March 2011: 27.407. Yahoo! since 09th March 2003 to 28th January 2011: 67.838 - this is only single openings index.html on 02nd December 2010. Many thanks for your help. Osobom dyskutujacym w jezyku polskim - szczegolnie od 16 maja 2009 do 31 maja 2009 - w Internecie na temat moich stron, w tym o stronach poswieconych sowieckiej agresji na Polske w 1939 roku, pragne juz w kwietniu 2009 roku odpowiedziec w jezyku polskim: 1. dziekuje za obiektywizm i podawanie dodatkowych faktow z historii w: Sowieci pod Tomaszowem Lubelskim  Uwazajcie jednak na wlasne bledy, np. "regularna armia polska" to m.in. Front Polnocny, ktory toczyl wielodniowe boje z Armia Czerwoną; z Grupy Zieleniewskiego poszlo do radzieckiej niewoli tylko 10 tysiecy zolnierzy  z ogolnej liczby okolo 15000; Opoczno nie lezy nad Wisla i nie dotarli tam nigdy sowieci - moze chodzi komus o OPOLE LUBELSKIE blisko srodkowego odcinka Wisly w dniach 1 i 2 pazdziernika 1939 roku - ta raczej pomylkowa inf. o Opocznie funkcjonuje od ok. 15 lat! Co do walk o stacje Mrozy  na Mazowszu, to data 25 wrzesnia moze jeszcze dotyczyc Niemcow, ale to trzeba jeszcze sprawdzic!; 2. wyjasniam, ze wiedza historyczna, w obszarze nie ujawnianych z powodow politycznych faktow, rodzi sie takze z przeprowadzania krytyki zrodel, ich porownywania, logicznego wiazania ze soba rozlicznych wydarzen oraz interpretacji zrodel pisemnym i nawet ustnych - nazywamy to kwerenda i zazwyczaj trwa to pokolenie; 3. aby generalizowac opinie o 1939 roku trzeba wiele lat badac tysiace pojedynczych malych faktow - te bowiem starano sie ukrywac przez dziesiatki lat z paru powodow: A. otoz na terenie Polski toczyly sie trzy wojny - ta z Rzesza Niemiecka, wlasciwie poznana; wojna domowa rozpetana przez grupe politykow i wyzszych dowodcow, z ktorych czesc to otoczenie generala Sikorskiego. W 2011 roku jeden z polskich historykow podkresla, ze rola inspirujaca dzialania Francuzow do zamachu stanu we wrzesniu 1939 roku, nalezy zapewne do generala Wladyslawa Sikorskiego! Oraz trzecia wojna - z Sowietami, a nie z Rosją (prezydent Rosji Borys Jelcyn 25 sierpnia 1993 w Warszawie uzyl słowa "przepraszam" wobec całej Polski). Ponadto "strategiczne i polityczne skutki związania Wehrmachtu w Polsce zostały przekreślone przez Stalina. Sowieci uderzyli 17 września, a chociaż prowadzili operacje nieudolnie i ślamazarnie, skutek polityczny był natychmiastowy. Alianci zachodni, którzy 14 września zdecydowali się czasowo zawiesić główne działania zaczepne do momentu zakończenia koncentracji całości sił (co miało nastąpić miedzy 22 a 29 września) oraz do wyjaśnienia, czy główna część Wehrmachtu nie została w tym czasie przerzucona na zachód – zatrzymali 18 września wszystkie działania zaczepne na froncie zachodnim (jako ostatnie prowadzone na osi Metz-Trewir), a w początkach października ewakuowali zajęte wcześniej przedpola linii Zygfryda". B. drugi powod to spychanie na Niemcow ciezaru dzialan wojennych w 1939 roku, co jest nieprawda bo po 17 wrzesnia, a z calą pewnoscią po 20 wrzesnia, to Armia Czerwona prowadzila glowne boje z Polakami. Nie moglo byc inaczej, bowiem general niemiecki Jodl zeznal w Norymberdze, ze gdyby nie atak sowiecki, to Niemcom amunicja wyczerpalaby sie juz po dalszych 10 dniach walki z Polakami. Oznacza to date 27 wrzesnia i tak bylo np. pod Warszawa, gdzie amunicji do mozdzierzy Niemcom starczylo do rana 27 wrzesnia. Gdyby nie zminimalizowanie walk z Niemcami po 17 wrzesnia, a z cala pewnoscia po 20 wrzesnia 1939 roku - skutkiem ataku Armii Czerwonej od wschodu - to amunicji zabrakloby pod Warszawa jeszcze wczesniej. Pod Lwowem juz dnia 16 wrzesnia amunicji Niemcy mieli wyjatkowo malo, ale dzieki postawie Langnera przetrzymali kryzys, do dnia 20 wrzesnia, gdy Lwow otaczala juz Armia Czerwona. O braku bomb lotniczych tez napisano sporo - oczywiscie po stronie niemieckiej i to juz przed  atakiem Armii Czerwonej. Zas Polacy mieli zapasy zywnosci i amunicji na poltora miesiaca walk - to jest do 15 pazdziernika 1939 roku. ; 4. obecnosc Armii Czerwonej na przedpolu Pragi warszawskiej to opinia autora, ktora powstala na podstawie zrodel, danych posrednich i interpretacji dostepnego materialu, jak i na zwroceniu uwagi na to, co jest do chwili dzisiejszej nie publikowane - np. ruchy brygad pancernych sowieckich po ok. 24 / 25 wrzesnia 1939 roku, itd.; tak wiec informacja moja w Wikipedii o obecnosci Armii Czerwonej na przedmiesciach Pragi warszawskiej jest udokumentowana na tej stronie internetowej - wczytajcie sie w szczegoly; 5. bitwa pod Lukowem i Kockiem oraz Druga Bitwa pod Tomaszowem Lubelskim  - obie prowadzone glownie z Sowietami - to tematy tak oczywiste dla osob, ktore chociaz 10 lat gromadza o nich faktografie, ze jedynie podsune tutaj wszystkim pomysl wprowadzania do komputerowych baz danych, najdrobniejszych wydarzen, z uwzglednieniem godzin a nie dni, ze zwroceniem uwagi np. na to, ze wsie maja dwa krance - na jednym atakowali Sowieci, a z drugiego kranca wycofywali sie Niemcy, a miedzy nimi byli Polacy, to tylko dla przykladu...; 6. niestety trzeba czytac w kilku jezykach i trzeba przeczytac wszystko co jest dla Was dostepne wylacznie w wielkich miastach; 7. pamietajmy tez, ze niestety historycy sa najczesciej powiazani ze swoimi dostawcami zrodel i nie zawsze moga publikowac to co widzieli na wlasnym biurku; 8. tak wiec za kilka lat wspolnie z moimi czytelnikami doprowadzimy do calkowitej zmiany tresci podrecznikow szkolnych w aspekcie obrazu wojen z wrzesnia i pazdziernika 1939 roku; autor w tym miejscu wyjasnia (20 czerwca 2009), ze odpowiada na pytania wylącznie na lamach tej strony internetowej lub w korespondencji  z poczty bog4konsta@yahoo.com.
Armia Czerwona na Mazowszu i Lubelszczyznie oraz na linii Wisly i na zachod od tej rzeki we wrzesniu i pazdzierniku 1939 roku. The Soviet Army west from Vistula - September 1939

Moze ponizsze cytaty są sprzeciwem wobec tych utartych "komunistycznych" opinii o Kampanii Wrzesniowej? 

"Jeszcze trudniej pojac, ze szczególowo informowany o sytuacji pod sowiecka okupacja rzad polski z gen. Wladyslawem Sikorskim na czele nie podjal (a czy choc próbowal?) prób skutecznej ochrony przed mordem calego skladu korpusu oficerskiego w sowieckiej niewoli", jak podkresla prof. Stanislaw Alexandrowicz; a dalej dodaje: "Kapitulujacy przed Sowietami - nie przed Wehrmachtem, z którym walczyl - dowódca obrony Lwowa gen. Langner wydal im na smierc tysiace oficerów. Czy w nagrode za to Sowieci umozliwili mu spokojne odejscie i przedostanie sie na Zachód? General Rómmel po bombardowaniu przez Luftwaffe sztabu jego Armii "Lódz" "znalazl sie" z samochodem i adiutantem w Warszawie. Wczul sie zapewne w role Wodza Naczelnego (!), nakazujac przez radio "clairem" (czyli bez szyfrowania) traktowanie wojsk sowieckich jako sprzymierzonych (!). Chyba za to byl on honorowany w PRL jako bohaterski "dowódca" obrony Warszawy. Pomimo uplywu lat i kolejnych pokolen do pelnego poznania "losów polskich" 1939-1945 jeszcze daleko. (...) Odpowiedz byc moze przyniesie czas." Juz w czerwcu 1940 roku zlozono pierwszy meldunek na rece oficerów organizacji podziemnej w Warszawie o masowych grobach polskich oficerow w Katyniu. "Liczba ofiar stalinowskiego terroru znacznie przewyzszala liczbe ofiar Hitlera. W przypadku Polaków ... nie mozna sie bylo doliczyc miliona zaginionych podczas ... deportacji. Innych wygodnie wpisano do rubryki 'dwudziestu milionów rosyjskich ofiar wojny', ... Masakra katynska w roku 1940 zajmuje szczególne miejsce w historii wspólpracy nazistowsko-sowieckiej. Biorac pod uwage rozmiary zbrodni, do jakich doszlo w czasie wojny, rozstrzelanie 15 tysiecy polskich oficerów ... stanowilo drobniejszy incydent. Slusznie jednak zbrodnia ta nabrala znaczenia wysoce symbolicznego ... (prof. Norman Davies, w: 'Tygodnik Powszechny' 1999, nr 39). W zagadce katynskiej tkwila glebsza tajemnica. Klucz do niej mógl spoczywac w sferze stosunków miedzynarodowych:  ujawnienie calej prawdy o Katyniu godziloby w moralną fikcje, na której zbudowano Wielka Koalicje. Byc moze klucz ów lezal w sferze ideologii. Najprawdopodobniej jednak problem polegal na tym, ze Katyn byl  dowodem wspólnej kampanii ludobójstwa prowadzonej zgodnie przez nazistów i  Sowietów ... Gdy w roku 1940 general NKWD Nabrasznikow skladal wizyte generalnemu gubernatorowi Hansowi Frankowi rezydujacemu w Krakowie, ujrzal sztandar z mlotem i sierpem powiewajacy obok swastyki ... Nie ma najmniejszych watpliwosci, ze nadludzki wysilek Armii Czerwonej uratowal nas przed Hitlerem. W rewanzu Zachód zbyt skwapliwie lakierowal prawde o bilansie rzadów Stalina ...".


W kwietniu 2011 roku w Niemczech ukazala sie praca pt.:
Franz Kadell, 'Katyn. Das zweifache Trauma der Polen', Wydawnictwo F. A. Herbig 2011, ISBN 978-3-7766-2660-5.
Polskie wydanie rok pozniej, w kwietniu 2012 roku pt.: 'Katyń w oczach Zachodu', Franz Kadell.

Dnia 26 listopada 2010 roku Duma Państwowa Zgromadzenia Federalnego Federacji Rosyjskiej podjela Uchwale 'O katyńskiej tragedii i jej ofiarach'

"Siedemdziesiąt lat temu rozstrzelano tysiące polskich obywateli, którzy byli przetrzymywani w łagrach dla jeńców wojennych NKWD ZSRR, a także w więzieniach zachodnich obwodów Ukraińskiej SRR i Białoruskiej SRR. W oficjalnej propagandzie radzieckiej odpowiedzialność za tę zbrodnię, którą zbiorczo nazwano tragedią katyńską, przypisywano nazistowskim zbrodniarzom. ... Na początku lat 90-tych nasz kraj wykonał ważne kroki na drodze do wyświetlenia prawdy o tragedii katyńskiej. Uznano, że masowa zagłada polskich obywateli na terytorium ZSRR w czasie II wojny światowej była aktem przemocy ze strony totalitarnego państwa ... Opublikowane materiały, które przez wiele lat były przechowywane w tajnych archiwach, nie tylko ujawniają skalę tej strasznej tragedii, lecz także dowodzą, iż zbrodnia katyńska została dokonana z bezpośredniego rozkazu Stalina i innych radzieckich przywódców. Potępiając terror i masowe prześladowanie obywateli swojego kraju i obywateli innych państw jako będące nie do pogodzenia z ideą prymatu prawa i sprawiedliwości, Duma Państwowa Zgromadzenia Federalnego Federacji Rosyjskiej wyraża głębokie współczucie wszystkim ofiarom nieuzasadnionych represji, ich rodzinom i bliskim. ... Stanowczo potępiając reżim, który gardził prawami i życiem ludzi, deputowani do Dumy Państwowej w imieniu narodu rosyjskiego wyciągają przyjazną dłoń do narodu polskiego. Wyrażają też nadzieję na początek nowego etapu w stosunkach między naszymi krajami, które będą rozwijać się na gruncie demokratycznych wartości. Osiągnięcie takiego rezultatu będzie najlepszym pomnikiem ofiar katyńskiej tragedii ... Przewodniczący Dumy Państwowej Zgromadzenia Federalnego Federacji Rosyjskiej." 

We bear in mind that the website was made up in memory of my father Edward Gwidon Konstantynowicz  who died on 03rd November 1987 in very strange circumstances, so now  this is independent website thanks to a host of  Yahoo!

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Autor opracowania o 1939 roku dziękuje Panu
Bohdanowi Skaradzińskiemu za recenzję makiety pracy o wojnach w obronie Polski w 1939  roku.