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Zbigniew Brzezinski and the Order of the Illuminati.

Bogdan
Konstantynowicz

set out on July the 16th, 2016.



At the beginning a few words about Allen Welsh Dulles (1893 - 1969), an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence; Dulles graduated from Princeton University, where he participated in the American Whig-Cliosophic Society.
American Whig-Cliosophic Society / Whig-Clio's members:
William Paterson, founded the Cliosophic Society, Founding Father, signer of the Constitution, second governor of New Jersey, Supreme Court Justice; Oliver Ellsworth, Founding Father, drafter of the Constitution, drafter of the Judiciary Act of 1789; James Madison, Federalist Papers author, Father of the Constitution, fourth President of the United States; Woodrow Wilson; John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State, one of the most famous diplomats of the 20th century; Allen W. Dulles, second Director of the Council on Foreign Relations, first civilian CIA Director.

Above named Allen Welsh Dulles was head of the Central Intelligence Agency during the early Cold War, following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dulles was one of the members of the Warren Commission. Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, an international law firm headquartered in New York.
His older brother, John Foster Dulles, was the Secretary of State during the Eisenhower Administration.
"... His maternal grandfather was John W. Foster, who was Secretary of State under Benjamin Harrison, while his uncle by marriage, Robert Lansing served as Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson".

By Wikipedia:
"... Later in life Dulles claimed to have been telephoned by the then obscure Vladimir Lenin, seeking a meeting with the American embassy on April 8, 1917. ... There he had the opportunity to meet with Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Maxim Litvinov, and the leaders of Britain and France. ... The Soviet Union captured a U-2 in 1960 during Dulles' term as CIA chief. ... During the Kennedy Administration, Dulles faced increasing criticism. In autumn 1961, following the Bay of Pigs incident and Algiers putsch against Charles de Gaulle, Dulles and his entourage, including Deputy Director for Plans Richard M. Bissell, Jr. and Deputy Director Charles Cabell, were forced to resign. ... November 29, 1961, the White House released a resignation letter signed by Dulles". On November 29, 1963, President Lyndon Baines Johnson appointed Dulles as one of seven commissioners of the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of the U.S. President John F. Kennedy. The appointment was later criticized by some historians".

'The Pilgrims Society', founded in 1902, is a British-American society established, 'to promote ... peace between the United States and Great Britain'.
The elite membership of politicians and diplomats "... have included Henry Kissinger, Margaret Thatcher, Caspar Weinberger, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Henry Luce, Lord Carrington, Alexander Haig, Paul Volcker, Thomas Kean and Walter Cronkite ... Nelson W. Aldrich, Winthrop W. Aldrich, Admiral William J. Crowe, Allen W. Dulles, John Foster Dulles, W. Averell Harriman...", and Joseph P. Kennedy.
Named above Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Sr. (1888 - 1969) was an American politician, with his children: President John F. Kennedy (1917 - 1963), Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1925 - 1968), and Senator Ted Kennedy (1932 - 2009). He was a member of the Irish Catholic community. He was the Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. "Joe Kennedy Sr. was also part of several elite orders, such as the Knights of Malta and the Pilgrim Society, a highly secretive group that held within its ranks members including the Rockefellers, the Vanderbilts, J. P. Morgan, British Royals, various heads of the Skull and Bones society, Freemasons, Knights Templar and Presidents of the Federal Reserve Bank ... The Pilgrim Society is probably the most influential 'elite group' in existence".
By William Weston: "Another influential person in Freeport Sulphur was John (Jock) Whitney. He was a member of the pro-British, anti-American Pilgrim Society according to Congressman Thorkelson who made some remarks regarding the Pilgrims in 1940. Jock's father and grandfather were members of Skull and Bones and Jock himself was a knight of St. John of Jerusalem and honorary commander of the Order of the British Empire, according to Prof. Donald Gibson. He also belonged to the Metropolitan Club with Allen Dulles. That Freeport Sulphur is a representative client of Doyle Smith and Doyle highlights the conspiratorial significance of that mysterious law firm". In 2000, over 81% of Americans believed that JFK’s assassination was planned by more than just a lone gunman, making it one of the most widely accepted conspiracy theories in US history.
"...Kennedy's firing of Allen Dulles as head of the CIA alone is likely to have squared him with the Eastern Establishment. Dulles grew up with the Rockefeller family and became an executive of the Pilgrims Society, which has always been dominated by the major banks and think tanks in New York. The New York Times, Time magazine, Newsweek, CBS and other media outlets were part of this network". "...Helms came from an elite Pilgrims Society family, was close to the aristocratic Mellon family (Pilgrims; close to the Rothschilds and British royal family) during his term as director of the CIA, joined Bechtel as a consultant in 1978 and is known to have visited Henry Kissinger's birthday party in 1983, along with David Rockefeller (Pilgrims), Peter Peterson (Pilgrims), George Shultz (Pilgrims), Walter Cronkite (Pilgrims), LBJ's widow and Helmut Schmidt. Allen Dulles became an executive member of the Pilgrims Society and was a youth friend of the Rockefellers. John McCloy, who was appointed to the Warren Commission along with Allen Dulles, was another Pilgrim and major Rockefeller representative....".

At margin to above: Stephen Kinzer (born 1951) is an American author, his book, 'The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret War', delves into the personal beliefs and perspectives of the Dulles brothers and those associated with them.

An interesting fact is that in 1920, Ferdinand's (von Mohrenschildt) nephew Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, the older brother of George, arrived in the United States and entered Yale University.
"... His admission was likely smoothed by the connections of the Harriman family; Dimitri von Mohrenschildt after graduating from Yale, was offered a position teaching the exclusive Loomis School near Hartford, Connecticut, where John D. Rockefeller III was a student".

Above named John Davison Rockefeller III (b. 1906 - died in 1978) was a philanthropist, he was the eldest son of John D. Rockefeller Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. His siblings were Abby, Nelson, Laurance, Winthrop, and David.

Above
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (b. 1874 - d. 1960) was an American financier and he was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller. He is commonly referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior".

Above mentioned
David Rockefeller (born 1915) is an American banker, chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He is grandchild of John D. Rockefeller and Laura Spelman.
"... Displeased with the refusal of the Bilderberg meetings to include Japan, Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. The Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Trilateral Commission members, including Clinton himself; both Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush had consulted the think tank".

Above
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (b. 1928) is a Polish-American geostrategist, "... who served as a counselor to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 - to 1968 and was President Jimmy Carter's National Security Advisor from 1977 - to 1981. ... Brzezinski became Carter's principal foreign policy advisor by late 1975. After his victory in 1976, Carter made Brzezinski National Security Advisor. ... The State Department was alarmed by Brzezinski's support for East German dissidents and objected to his suggestion that Carter's first overseas visit be to Poland. He visited Warsaw, met with Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski (against the objection of the U.S. Ambassador to Poland) ... Brzezinski briefed U.S. vice-president George H. W. Bush before his 1987 trip to Poland that aided in the revival of the Solidarity movement. ... Brzezinski is married to Czech-American sculptor Emilie Benes (grand-niece of the second Czechoslovak president, Edvard Benes) ... His son, Mark Brzezinski (b. 1965), ... served on President Clinton's National Security Council as an expert on Russia and Southeastern Europe and who was a partner in McGuire Woods LLP, serves as the US ambassador to Sweden.
... Brzezinski co-founded the Trilateral Commission with David Rockefeller, serving as director from 1973 to 1976. ... Brzezinski selected Georgia governor Jimmy Carter as a member".
"On March 30, 1981, early into the administration, Reagan was shot and seriously wounded in Washington, D.C., George H. W. Bush, second in command by the presidential line of succession, was in Fort Worth, Texas, and flew back to Washington immediately...".
"... In 1985, under the Reagan administration, Brzezinski served as a member of the President's Chemical Warfare Commission. From 1987 to 1988, he [Zbigniew Brzezinski] worked on the U.S. National Security Council - Defense Department Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy. From 1987 to 1989 he also served on the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. ... In 1988, Brzezinski was co-chairman of the Bush National Security Advisory Task Force and endorsed Bush for president, breaking with the Democratic party. ...".

Leszek Moczulski, who toured Western Europe [December 1986] and the United States, on the 27th, April 1987, met vice president George Bush in Washington.
Vice President George H. W. Bush / George Walker Bush (born 1946) - an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009 and 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. "... He attended Yale University ... and a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon, ... became a member of the Skull and Bones society as a senior".

Delta Kappa Epsilon is the North American fraternity, members have included five Presidents of the United States: Rutherford B. Hayes, Theodore Roosevelt, Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush.

Skull and Bones is an undergraduate senior secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Among prominent alumni are former President and Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft, former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush; James Jesus Angleton, "mother of the Central Intelligence Agency"; Henry Stimson, U.S. Secretary of War, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett; John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State; Harold Stanley, co-founder of Morgan Stanley.

By Wikipedia:
"...Soros was born in Budapest, to a non-observant Jewish family. His mother, Elizabeth (also known as Erzsébet), came from a family that owned a thriving silk shop.
His father, Tivadar, (also known as Teodoro) was a lawyer ... and after World War I ... he escaped from Russia and rejoined his family in Budapest. ... Soros later said that he grew up in a Jewish home and that his parents were cautious with their religious roots. In 1936, his father changed the family name from Schwartz ("black" in German) to Soros (a successor in Hungarian or will soar in Esperanto). ... in March 1944 when Nazi Germany occupied Hungary ... Jewish children were barred from attending school by the Nazis, Soros and the other schoolchildren were made to report to the Jewish Council, which had been established during the occupation. ... I was told to go to the Jewish Council. And there I was given these small slips of paper ... It said report to the rabbinical seminary at 9 am ... And I was given this list of names. I took this piece of paper to my father. He instantly recognized it. This was a list of Hungarian Jewish lawyers. He said, "You deliver the slips of paper and tell the people that if they report they will be deported." Soros did not return to that job and went into hiding the next day.
Later that year, at age 14, Soros lived with and posed as the godson of an employee of the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture. The official was at one point ordered to inventory the remaining contents of the estate of a wealthy Jewish family that had fled the country; rather than leave Soros alone in the city, the official brought him along. ... 1945, Soros survived the Battle of Budapest, in which Soviet and German forces fought house to house through the city.
In 1947 Soros emigrated to England... In 1954 Soros began his financial career at the merchant bank Singer & Friedlander of London. ...
In 1956 Soros moved to New York city, where he worked as an arbitrage trader for F. M. Mayer (1956 - 59). ... From 1963 to 1973, Soros's experience as a vice president at Arnhold and S. Bleichroeder resulted in little enthusiasm for the job; ... In 1969 Soros set up the Double Eagle hedge fund with $4m of investors' capital including $250,000 of his own money. It was based in Curaçao, Dutch Antilles. ...".

George Soros at the turn of the 80s and 90s in Poland supported the reforms that have contributed to the consolidation of the post-communist structures. The financier came to Poland already on May 8, 1988; Soros met, among others, with gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, and the Prime Minister Mieczyslaw Rakowski. But actually the Stefan Batory Foundation was established earlier - Soros established the Stefan Batory Foundation on the 5 November 1987 in New York and legalized in the General New York Consulate of the People's Polish Republic. George Soros in the US, is known primarily as a critic of George Bush and the supporter of Barack Obama.
And at the same time the fight about money and influences lasted also on another front. "In June 1988, the European Council meeting in Hanover, Germany, set up the Committee for the Study of Economic and Monetary Union, chaired by the then President of the Commission, Jacques Delors, and including all EC central bank governors. Their unanimous report, submitted in April 1989, defined the monetary union objective as a complete liberalisation of capital movements, full integration of financial markets, irreversible convertibility of currencies, irrevocable fixing of exchange rates, and the possible replacement of national currencies with a single currency...", at http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance.
Professor Witold Kieżun wrote:
"On May 8, 1988, George Soros arrived to Poland. ... Then, [Jeffrey David Sachs] Jeffrey Sax, funded by George Soros, a young Harvard professor, arrived to Poland. ... he develops a program, which is now called the Balcerowicz program, but this is not the Balcerowicz program...", by http://journal-neo.org/ Jeffrey David Sachs born in 1954, "is an American economist and director of The Earth Institute at Columbia University, where he holds the title of University Professor...". In Poland advised on how to convert to a market economy, not on whether to be free-market like the US or social democratic like Scandinavia. Sachs worked in Poland intensive from April 1989 to end-1991.

"Kaupthing Singer & Friedlander was a financial services provider offering corporate and investment banking services to small and medium-sized companies, as well as wealth management services for high-net-worth individuals. Primary areas of activity were treasury, investment management, capital markets services, asset finance, and private banking. The company was created in August 2006 by the merger of Singer & Friedlander Plc and Icelandic Kaupthing Bank. The UK government put the company into administration in October 2008 in response to the failure of its parent as a result of the financial crisis of 2007 - 08.".
1907: Julius Singer founds London brokerage. 1920: The company is incorporated as Singer & Friedlander. 1957: The company is listed on the London stock exchange. 1963: Regional expansion occurs; a Birmingham office is opened. 1971: Singer & Friedlander (Isle of Man) Ltd. is launched. 1987: Singer & Friedlander becomes an independent bank. 1991: Collins Stewart is acquired.
1994:
Carnegie Group (Sweden) is acquired.
1998: The company exits from capital markets operations. 2000: The company spins off Collins Stewart. 2001: Carnegie Group is listed on the Swedish stock exchange.
Carnegie Investment Bank AB is a Swedish financial services group with activities in securities brokerage, investment banking, asset management and private banking. In the wake of the economic crisis of 2008 Carnegie Investment Bank AB was nationalized on November 10, 2008.
Carnegie was established as a trading company in 1803 when David Carnegie, Sr., a Scotsman, founded D. Carnegie & Co AB in Gothenburg.
The management of the company was later succeeded by Carnegie's nephew, David Carnegie Jr., who later returned to Scotland, leaving the company, which by then had considerable interests in brewing and sugar production, in the hands of Oscar Ekman.
David Carnegie, Sr. (8 February 1772, Montrose, Angus – 10 January 1837) was a Scottish entrepreneur who founded D. Carnegie & Co. in Gothenburg, Sweden, today known as Carnegie Investment Bank.
At geni.com:
David Carnegie Jr b. 1813 and died in 1890 in Stirling, Scotland; son of James Carnegie and Margaret Gillespie;
above James Carnegie b. 1773 and died 1851 was son of George Carnegie and Susan Scott; husband of Margaret Gillespie; father of mentioned above David Carnegie Jr.
Susan Mary Ann Carnegie 1819 - died 1859, daughter of above named David Carnegie Senior and Anna Christina Beckman; wife of above David Carnegie Jr.
Above David Carnegie Senior 1772 in Charleton, Fife, Scotland; died 1837 in Göteborg; son of George Carnegie and Susan Scott; husband of Anna Christina Beckman; father of Susan Mary Ann Carnegie; George Carnegie; David Carnegie and Maria Mathilda Carnegie; brother of James Carnegie and John Carnegie.

See: Fife, Scotland:
Andrew Carnegie b. 1835, a Scottish-American industrialist. Born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; he built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which he sold to J. P. Morgan in 1901; starting in 1853, Thomas A. Scott of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company employed Carnegie as a secretary / telegraph operator;
Thomas Alexander Scott b. 1823, an American businessman, railroad executive, was appointed in 1861 by President Abraham Lincoln as the U.S. Assistant Secretary of War during the American Civil War; Scott's protege Andrew Carnegie later challenged the Rockefeller monopoly in petroleum from his dominance of the steel industry.

More on Fife [south of Perth, and north of Edinburgh; east of Stirling!] and Stirling [RUTHERFORD; John Robison (1739 - 1805); Alexander Ramsay, Lieutenant to the 57th Bengal Native Infantry; Colin McVean and Mary Wood Cowan; Tillicoultry is located 18 km east of Stirling! Whitehill - 15 km south-east of Edinburgh], Scotland at my
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html More on the Global Network here:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan/Angela_Merkel_Bronislaw_Komorowski/John_Fitzgerald_Kennedy_George_von_Mohrenschildt/Templars_Illuminati_Freemasons/index.html
By David Swanson:
"... a primary influence on both of them in their peace philanthropy was the same person, a woman who met them both in person and was in fact very close friends with Nobel -
Bertha von Suttner.
... Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) and Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) lived in an era with fewer super-wealthy individuals than today; and even Carnegie’s wealth did not match that of today’s wealthiest. ... Both men had immigrated in their youth, Nobel from Sweden to Russia at age 9, Carnegie from Scotland to the United States at age 12. Both were sickly...".

TADEUSZ BRZEZINSKI was the father of Zbigniew Brzezinski:

Diplomat, Tadeusz Brzezinski, and Leonia nee Roman married Brzezinski, helped Jews escape Nazi Germany.
TADEUSZ's father - Kazimierz Brzezinski junior b. 1866 in Zólkiew, was son of Kazimierz Brzezinski senior and Zuzanna Mayer.

The genealogy of above mentioned
Kazimierz Brzezinski senior:

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law). Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850?
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins:
Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz,
and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer;
children remained with Maria after her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce.
Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michał Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780, were brothers - acc. to me.

Named above Filipina Szymanowska [Filipina Teofila Karolina Szymanowska, 1800-1886] married Franciszek Jakub Brzezinski (1794 - 1846) and had four children:
Franciszka Teofila Krysinska (born Brzezinska),
Kazimierz Brzezinski [?? - Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1820 / 1840 ! - see the genealogy of famous ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI !],
Teofila Zielenska (born Brzezinska) and
Aniela Brzezinska.

General Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko / Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko was brother to Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko; Katarzyna Zólkowska and Anna Estka / Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka. Above Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko 1743 - 1789, married to Burniewicz, and was father of Aleksander Kosciuszko. Aleksander KOSCIUSZKO had the daughter Antonina Traugutt / Antonina Kościuszko, married 1st to Romuald Traugutt b. 1826, the commander of the 1863 Uprising; m. 2nd to Franciszek Mickiewicz b. ?, son of Aleksander Julian Mickiewicz. Aleksander Julian b. 1801 in Nowogródek, was brother of famous Adam Mickiewicz!
Adam MICKIEWICZ married Celina Szymanowska daughter of mentioned above Józef Szymanowski and Maria Agata Wolowska - Szymanowska / Maria Szymanowska / MARIANNA WOLOWSKA, famous composer. Above Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780. Named above Józef Szymanowski m. 2nd to Elżbieta Młodzianowska with daughter Zofia Szymanowska who married Teofil Lenartowicz, poet.
Above mentioned Lt. Colonel Romuald Traugutt (1826 - 1864) was a Polish general, October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection, headed the Polish national government on 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864, and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office; hanged on 5 August 1864.

Kazimierz Brzezinski junior studied in Zloczow, then in Lwow; 1889 back home to Zolkiew; 1894-1897 worked in Zloczow; married in 1894 in Zólkiew or in Zloczow, to Zofia Woroniecka daughter of Maksymilian WORONIECKI and Ernestyna Kropaczek. In 1896 was born son - above mentioned Tadeusz.
Tadeusz in 1928-1931, lived in Lille, then 1931-1935 in Lipsk, 1936 - 1937 in Charkow; 1938, Tadeusz and Leonia b. 1896 in Brzeziny close to Lodz, with sons: Adam, Zbigniew, Lech and Jerzy Zylinski, moved to New York, and Montreal.
Mentioned above wife of Kazimierz Brzezinski - Zofia, after death of her husband in 1924 in Przemysl, was living in BORUJA / Broruja / Borui in the Wolsztyn county; d. June 1941,
and buried in KROSNO [Laczki Jagiellonskie ?; now in Przemysl]; Laczki Jagiellonskie - village in the Krosno county.
Named above Ernestyna Woroniecka nee Kropaczek, b. ca 1850, was the wife of Maksymilian Woroniecki [born ca 1840; a branch of the Galicia Woroniecki clan from - ?? - Brzezany, Zloczow, Zbaraz], and the mother of Zofia Brzezinska.
Duke Dymitr Wisniowiecki restored the castle in ZBARAZ; after the death of Michal, voivode of Wilno, the last of the dukes Wisniowiecki (died 1774), Zbaraz and estates came under the ownership of the house of Potocki.
Above Zofia Brzezinska nee Woroniecka, maybe come from Wincenty Woroniecki (ca 1780 - 1826), Colonel [with dauhters Anna Woroniecka m. 1825 to Zygmunt Piotr Los, and Ignacja Woroniecka, m. Piotr Stadnicki of Zmigrod], or from Józef Woroniecki (ca 1807 - 1885, insurrgent of 1830 - 1831, Hungaria in 1848 - 1849, then in Turkey).
Mentioned above Zofia Brzezinska b. circa 1866 / 1870, died 1941 in BORUJA, west border of Poland, buried in Laczki Jagiellonskie, close to Krosno. Mother of Tadeusz Brzezinski and Bogdan Brzezinski. Above Bogdan Brzezinski was the father of Bronislaw Brzezinski b. 1909 in Krematorów, died 1990 in Góra Kalwaria. Above Kazimierz Brzezinski, Jr. b. 1866 in Zólkiew, died 1924 in Przemysl.
Named Boruja / Boruia / Borui - village in the Wolsztyn county; 1776, Kuznica was owned by Ludwik Mielecki; Boruja Kuznicka was named Boruja Koscielna [Kirchplatz-Borui]; Chobienice and Grójec to Mielzynski family !, Belecin to Mielecki; Wielka Wies owned by Bloch; Tuchorza to Kotwitz / Kottvitz.
In 1830 Maciej Mielzynski of Chobienice was insurrgent of the November Uprising under gen. Chlapowski in Lithuania.
In 1848, Chobienice, was the center of Uprising with Józef Mielzynski (son of Maciej), Ignacy Bobrowski, Jan Adamczak, Ignacy Szumski, and landlord of Wroniawa - Stanislaw Plater.
Ca 1900 acted here Maciej Mielzynski [junior] of Chobienice.
Note:
In MIELEC died in 1867 Kazimierz Woroniecki son of above named Maksymilian and Ernestyna Kropaczek; and in Mielec died in 1870 above Maksymilian Woroniecki.

Romuald Walewski b. ca 1738, died on June 14, 1812, was Major General, Adjutant General of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the King of Poland, a captain of cavalry in 1789, Crown Court judge, six-time Member of Parliament. In Cracow from 1773 to 1775 joined the confederation Adam Poninski; member of Parliament in 1778 of the Cracow province; member of Parliament in 1786; member of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Military Commission in 1788; in 1792 he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, in 1781 received the Order of St. Stanislaus. King's aides were Augustyn Gorzenski / Augustine Gorzenski and above named Romuald Walewski. Romuald's close friends:
in 1789 an ensign Zeromski Maciej (lieutenant); 1789 - 1792, Stawiski Michal - ensign (Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski); 1790, Wieckowski Marcin, Regiment of the National Cavalry of brigade under Hadziewicz; 1792, Jasienski Blazej, above Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski; a counselors of the Permanent Council: Anastazy Walewski, Ksawery Walewski, named Romuald Walewski, Hieronim Wielopolski, Jozef Wilczewski, Antoni Wollowicz, Maksymilian Woroniecki [senior], Franciszek Woyna and others.
Above Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki d. 1797, an advisor, counselor, member of the executive of the Confederation in 1776.
We know on
Lucjan Grzegorz Eustachy Woroniecki [1806 - died November 21, 1875 in Warszawa, m. in Poznan in 1856 !! with: 1. Pawel Adam Maria b. 1856 next of kin to Kumanowski and Stadnicki; 2. Teonia Teofila Tekla Woroniecka b. 1857 + Józef Chlapowski, 3. Michal Jan b. 1860 in Bielice, close to Sochaczew + Franciszka Korwin-Krasinska - close to Zelazowa Wola and north of GUZOW !! 4. Antoni Jan Pawel b. 1862, 5. Adam Marian b. 1865], Duke.

In mentioned above Chobienice was born Maciej Ignacy Przeclaw Mielzynski (1869 - 1944), grandson of Maciej Józef, MP, m. Felicja nee Potocki.
Ca 1837 Chobienice was owned by Konstancja Mielzynski; belonged to the Okowy catholic parish. Church was funded by Józef Klemens Mielzynski.
Chobienice / Köbnitz, is situated in the Siedlec area, 17 km south-west to BORUJA !

Mentioned Zbigniew Brzezinski joined the faculty of Harvard University in 1952 [Henry Kissinger in 1952 also joined the faculty of the Harvard University] but moved to Columbia University in 1959. The former director of the CIA, Robert Gates, stated in his memoirs that the American intelligence services began to aid the Mujahiddin in Afghanistan six months before the Soviet intervention. Is this period, Zbigniew Brzezinski was the national securty advisor to President Carter. On July 3, 1979 President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
Next great person - Stanley Hoffmann was born 1928, in Vienna. He was living in Nice, then in Neuilly in 1936, graduated at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in 1948, in 1951, he studied at Harvard’s government department, where his fellow students included Zbigniew Brzezinski, Judith N. Shklar and Samuel Huntington, and where he became a protege of McGeorge Bundy, a professor in the department; Mr. Hoffmann avoided the role of counselor to government leaders. Mr. Bundy was a professor in the department, not its chairman.
Judith Nisse Shklar b. 1928, was a political theorist, and worked at Harvard University; Judith Shklar was born in Riga, Latvia to Jewish parents who fled there; graduated from McGill University and at the Harvard University in 1955.
Samuel Phillips Huntington b. 1927, was an American political adviser, at Harvard University he was director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs; during the Carter administration, Huntington was the White House Coordinator of Security Planning for the National Security Council; a member of Harvard's department of government from 1950 until 1959, and along with Zbigniew Brzezinski moved to Columbia University in New York. Huntington and Warren Demian Manshel co-founded and co-edited Foreign Policy.
The Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies is a research center that is part of Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs in New York, was led for 25 years by Professor William T. R. Fox. Prominent scholars have included Samuel P. Huntington, Glenn Snyder, Roger Hilsman, Michael Armacost, and Joan E. Spero.
Glenn Herald Snyder b. 1924 an important scholar of international relations theory and security studies.
Roger Hilsman, Jr. b. 1919, was an aide and adviser to President John F. Kennedy and, briefly, to President Lyndon B. Johnson, in the U.S. State Department while serving as Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research during 1961-63.

Mentioned above John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (1839 - 1937) was a co-founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry; with Andrew Carnegie defined the structure of modern philanthropy.

Above mentioned Andrew Carnegie (1835 - 1919) was a Scottish industrialist "who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. He is often identified as one of the richest people in history, alongside John D. Rockefeller and Jakob Fugger". Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland; his uncle, George Lauder Sr., a Scottish political leader, deeply influenced him as a boy.

George Lauder Sr., b. 1837, was a Scottish industrialist, and a partner in the Carnegie Steel Corporation, a forerunner of U.S. Steel. His father known for his commitment to Scottish nationalism was a keen radical for the time; after Andrew and his family left for America, George stayed in Scotland, studying under Lord Kelvin.

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin b. 1824 was born in Belfast in 1824, an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, for his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria; he was recruited around 1899 by George Eastman to serve as vice-chairman of the board of the British company Kodak Limited, affiliated with Eastman Kodak.
George Eastman b. 1854 was an American innovator and founded the Eastman Kodak Company.


And now we back to Russia [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Russia] where Emanuel Nobel sold half of the Baku holdings to Standard Oil of New Jersey, with John D. Rockefeller Jr. personally authorizing the payment of $ 11.5 million (see more at my webpages).

By Tommy Wilkens:
Baron George De Mohrenschildt born 1911 in Mozyr, comes from the Baltic Germans. His father was Baron Sergius Alexander Von Mohrenschildt; 1918 De Mohrenschildt lived in Minsk, probably in St. Petersburg, or Moscow; 1922 Sergius was released from Soviet prison due to health problems ?!; 1929 George DeMohrenschildt volunteered for the Polish Army and attended a Polish military academy in Grudziadz; 1931 George / Jurij was graduated from the Polish military academy with rank of sergeant; then in Liege, and returned to Poland to take part in military summer maneuvrs.
The de Mohrenschildts were major players in the global oil business since the beginning of the twentieth century, and their paths crossed with the Rockefellers;
George de Mohrenschildt's uncle and father ran the Swedish Nobel Brothers Oil Company's operations in Baku; 1915, the Russian government dispatched a second uncle of George de Mohrenschildt, the young diplomat Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt, to Washington to plead for American intervention in the war (see Koziell POKLEWSKI); 1917, Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt's mission was a success; he was often in the company of Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, of the family then befriending Prescott Bush and about to hire Prescott's future father-in-law, George Herbert Walker. Ferdinand married the step-granddaughter of President Woodrow Wilson [see named above American Whig-Cliosophic Society].

Some details:
Hubert Bland, a bank-journalist, worked for the London Sunday Chronicle, a paper owned by newspaper magnate Edward Hulton, formerly of the Liberal Manchester Guardian. Bland was a co-founder of the Fabian Society in 1884 and became a treasurer. He also recruited Bernard Shaw. Bernard Shaw was working for the London Pall Mall Gazette, where William T. Stead served as editor and Alfred Milner as his assistant, both Stead and Milner were close to diamond magnate and Rothschild associate Cecil Rhodes and were involved in the formation of the influential secret organisation known as the Milner Group. Having been recruited to the Fabian Society by his friend Bland in 1884, Shaw recruited Annie Besant and his friends Sidney Webb, Sydney Olivier and Graham Wallas in 1885 and 1886. Shaw married Charlotte, daughter of Horace Payne-Townshend, a wealthy Stock Exchange investor. He was employed by millionaire William Waldorf - Lord Astor, owner of the Pall Mall Gazette, and became a close friend of the Milner Group leader - Waldorf and his wife Nancy. Shaw's friend, Sidney Webb married Beatrice - a close friend of Rothschild associate and Prime Minister Arthur Balfour, the daughter of Richard Potter, a wealthy financier with international connections, the chairman of the Great Western and Grand Trunk Railways of England and Canada.

Shaw, Webb, Olivier and Wallas became the Fabian Society's dominant Big Four with John Passmore Edwards, an leader of the Liberal Manchester School, and with Richard Cobden. The Fabian Society was in close touch with the Rothschilds both directly and through Lord Arthur Balfour, and has also been close to David Rockefeller [see more above !].

Above mentioned Cecil Rhodes, the South African diamond millionaire, used his fortune to promote the scheme of federating the English speaking peoples around the globe. Rhodes and other acolytes of Ruskin, formed a secret society known as the Round Table Group, were able to gain access to Rhodes' fortune after his death in 1902.
The Milner Group, the secret society formed by Cecil Rhodes, dominated the British delegation to the Peace Conference of 1919, founded the UK Royal Institute for International Affairs in 1919 / 1920 (the British Institute of International Affairs was founded in London in July 1920), the US Council on Foreign Relations, and parallel groups in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and India. In 1919 British and American delegates to the Paris Peace Conference, under the leadership of Lionel Curtis, conceived the idea of an Anglo-American Institute of foreign affairs to study international problems with a view to preventing future wars - at Chatham House, Number 10 St. James's Square in 1923 (Professor Arnold Toynbee became the leading figure until his retirement in 1955).

Retinger was very close to above named Lionel Curtis, the founder of Chatham House and Retinger was politically active in London exactly at the same time when Chatham House was established in 1921-1923; the Chatham House / the Royal Institute of International Affairs represented by both ideologies of the Rhodes - Milner ideology with the ideology of the Fabian society and Retinger had links to both these groups; his Bilderberg Group had their first meeting in May 1954 at the Bilderberg Hotel, near Arnhem in Holland.

See The Great Coup of 1916: 4 The Monday Night Cabal, by Jim Macgregor and Gerry Docherty:
"... In January 1916 a small group of Milner's closest friends and disciples formed a very distinctive and secret cabal to prepare the nation for a change so radical, that it was nothing less than a coup; a planned take-over of government by men who sought to impose their own rule rather than seek a mandate from the general public. Having ensured that the war was prolonged, they now sought to ensure that it would be waged to the utter destruction of Germany. ... The men behind the carefully constructed conspiracy were Alfred Milner, Leo Amery, Sir Edward Carson, Geoffrey Dawson, editor of The Times, F. S. Oliver the influential writer who believed that war was a necessity, and Waldorf Astor, the owner of The Observer. They met regularly on Monday evenings to formulate their alternative plans for war management over dinner. These men were drawn from the inner-circle of Milner's most trusted associates. Others who were invited to join them included, Lloyd George, Sir Henry Wilson, (at that point a corps commander on the Western Front) Philip Kerr, another of Milner's proteges from his days in South Africa, and Sir Leander Starr Jameson, the man who almost brought down the British government in 1896 in the wake of his abortive raid on the Transvaal. Could anyone have anticipated that Jameson would have reemerged in London inside a very powerful conspiracy some twenty years after he had almost blown Cecil Rhode's dream apart? But then he was always the servant of the mighty South African arm of the Secret Elite...".

I wrote above that the Round Table was started by Freemason and Rothschild agent, Lord Alfred Milner; but Rhodes, who was connected to the Freemasons, first formalised his idea with William T. Stead; in 1910, The Round Table Journal: A Quarterly Review of the Politics of the British Empire was founded by Lord Milner and members of Milner's Kindergarten: Lionel Curtis, Philip Kerr and Geoffrey Dawson; by 1915 Round Table groups existed in seven countries: in the United States acted George Louis Beer, Walter Lippmann, Frank Aydelotte, Whitney Shepardson, Thomas W. Lamont, and Erwin D. Canham.

Named above
Victor Rothschild (Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild b. 1910 d. 1990; son of Charles Rothschild; a member of the Apostles Club at Cambridge, a secret society, there he became friends with the future Soviet spies Guy Burgess and Anthony Blunt, and Kim Philby - not a member; he was recruited to work for MI5 during World War II, and was the head of B1C, continued to work in security as an adviser to Margaret Thatcher; 1971 to 1974 The Think Tank), who worked for J. P. Morgan & Co., was one of the members of the Round Table.
The Rothschilds had financed Cecil Rhodes, co-operated with the Morgans and the Rockefellers, and they financed the activities of Edward Harriman (railroads) and Andrew Carnegie Steel [see above].

Roundtable inner Circle of Initiates included Lord Milner, Cecil Rhodes, Arthur Balfour, Albert Grey and Lord Nathan Rothschild
(Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild b. 1840, d. 1915, a British banker in issuing loans to the governments of the USA, Russia and Austria; a close relationship with Benjamin Disraeli; and administered Rhodes's estate from 1902 and set up the Rhodes Scholarship scheme at Oxford).

According to Gary Allen's expose, Milner financed the Russian Bolsheviks on Rothschild's behalf, with help from Jacob Schiff and Max Warburg.

Mentioned above Abigail Greene Abby Aldrich Rockefeller (1874 - 1948) was an American socialite and philanthropist, married to John D. Rockefeller Jr., she was born in Providence, Rhode Island "to Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman Chapman, a distant descendant of the fourth signer of the Mayflower Compact". She was a sister of Congressman Richard Steere Aldrich and banker Winthrop Williams Aldrich.

Above John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (1874 - 1960) was an American financier, son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and the father of the five famous Rockefeller brothers. His mother was Laura Celestia Cettie Spelman (1839 - 1915), an American abolitionist.
Above John Davison Rockefeller Jr. b. 1874, joined the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.

The Phi Beta Kappa Society was founded in 1776 at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia; ten of the original members later did become Freemasons. In 1831, disclosed the fraternity's secrets during a period of strong anti-Masonic sentiment. The Phi Beta Kappa became an "open" society in 1845.

Mentioned above David Rockefeller (born 1915) - born to financier John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and socialite Abigail Greene Aldrich.
John Jr. was the son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr.;
David Rockefeller (born 1915) known General George C. Marshall, and Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd.
From 1941 to 1942, David Rockefeller (born 1915) was assistant regional director of the United States Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Services. During World War II he served in North Africa and France for military intelligence; an assistant military attache at the American Embassy in Paris.
In 1973, Chase established the first branch of an American bank in Moscow near the Kremlin, in the then Soviet Union.
"... He at an earlier point declined an offer from his brother Nelson to appoint him to Robert F. Kennedy's Senate seat after Kennedy was assassinated in June 1968, a post Nelson also offered to their nephew John Davison Jay Rockefeller IV".
Copyright by Wikipedia:
"... In Henry Kissinger, Rockefeller found a political operative with an international and domestic perspective similar to his. They first met in 1954, when Kissinger was appointed a director of a seminal Council on Foreign Relations study group on nuclear weapons, of which David was a member. ... Rockefeller also reportedly has connections to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) . As well as knowing Allen Dulles and his brother John Foster Dulles - who was an in-law of the family - since his college years, it was in Rockefeller Center that Allen Dulles had set up his WWII operational center after Pearl Harbor, liaising closely with MI6 which also had their principal U.S. operation in the Center. He also knew and associated with the former CIA director Richard Helms, as well as Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt Jr., a Chase Bank employee and former CIA agent whose first cousin CIA agent Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. was involved in the Iran coup of 1953. Also, in 1953, he had befriended William Bundy, a pivotal CIA analyst for nine years in the 1950s, who became the Agency liaison to the National Security Council, and a subsequent lifelong friend. Moreover, in Cary Reich's biography of his brother Nelson, a former CIA agent states that David was extensively briefed on covert intelligence operations by himself and other Agency division chiefs, under the direction of David's "friend and confidant", CIA Director Allen Dulles. ... Additionally, he serves as the only member of the Advisory Board for the Bilderberg Group. ... Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. ... The Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Commission members ...".
And now we look at Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt / George Sergius de Mohrenschildt / Jerzy Sergiusz, who studied at the Institute of Higher Commercial Studies, the University of Liege and the University of Texas at Austin. He was petroleum geologist. He became friends with Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy.
JERZY SERGIUSZ De Mohrenschildt became acquainted with the Bouvier family, including young Jacqueline Bouvier, future wife of John F. Kennedy, and he became a friend of
Jacqueline's aunt Edith Bouvier Beale.
He helped raise money for the Polish resistance after ca 1940.

George H. W. Bush did not disclose that he knew Oswald's closest friend, George de Mohrenschildt, since 1942.

Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Kennedy Onassis née Bouvier, 1929 - 1994, was the wife of the President of the United States, John F. Kennedy until his assassination in 1963. Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was the daughter of Wall Street stockbroker, John Vernou Bouvier III and Janet Lee Bouvier.

Named Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss b. 1907, died 1989, was the mother of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill.

John Vernou Bouvier III, was of French, Scottish and English descent.

At http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ we read:
"... The Kennedys that we will look closest at are related to the Fitzpatricks, a powerful Irish family ... The Fitzpatricks may tie back to France ...
Jackie Bouvier Kennedy Onassis who married John F. Kennedy was tied to the Auchinclosses via her sister's marriage into the Auchincloss family [mistake - that is Janet Bouvier married a second time in 1942, to Hugh D. Auchincloss (1897-1972)].
The Auchinclosses are Scottish bloodline of the Illuminati.
... through the names of the ramified Auchincloss tribe: Bunt, Grosvenor, Rockefeller, Saltonstall, Tiffany, Vanderbilt and Winthrop
... For instance, Hugh D. Auchincloss, Sr. married Emma Brewster Jennings, daughter of Oliver B. Jennings, who co-founded Standard Oil with John D. Rockefeller [see ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI and NOBEL - Baku + the Armands and Nobel at the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - see Miezonka and Moscow].
As for the numerous Kennedy intermarriages with notable names, for instance, Bernet Shafer Kennedy (1798-1878) married Phebe Freeman in 1820. ... Andrew Kennedy married Margaret (Penny) Hatfield (1824-1989). The Andrew Kennedy family is allied with the Hatfield, Bailey, Collins, and Mullins families...".

Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. (1897 - 1976) "[copyright by Wikipedia] was the son of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Sr. (1858 - 1913), a merchant and financier

{Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Sr. was the son of John L. Auchincloss b. 1810 in New York, d. 1876 in Quebec;
grandson of Hugh Auchincloss b. 1780 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, died in 1855 in New York;
great-grandson of John Auchincloss born 1749 who was the son of William Auchincloss b. 1709 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland and grandson of
James Auchincloss + Agnes Carr.
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland is situated 13 km west of GLASGOW; see at my domain on the family Tennent was of Glasgow in Scotland and bankers in Belfast;
also see at GRANDPARENTS of Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., among others: Ella Stevens Lougee, b. Lynn, Mass., 1869; George Weir, b. Bridgeton, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland, in 1860, emigrated to US in 1863, lived in 1920 in Perry Co., Ohio; George Weir married Martha H. Wood, daughter of Daniel Heveland Wood Jr. and Caroline Almira Starr, in 1890.
The WEIRs come of Bridgeton and Hamilton.
Note - the Douglas family from Bothwell - 15 km south-east of Glasgow.
Colonel John Campbell, laird of Melfort - western Scotland and north-west of Glasgow, Kilninver - close to Melfort, and Kilmelfort - close to Melfort, in Argyllshire, Scotland, born 1730, his children:
1. Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald Campbell, b. 1767, Killin - half way from Melfort to Perth and west of Perth, in Perthshire, Scotland, 2. John Campbell, b. 1769, Killin, Perthshire, 3. Allan Campbell, b. 1770, Killin, and others children.
Kilwinning - a town in North Ayrshire, Scotland, about 34 km south of Glasgow.
Kilwinning is notable for housing the original Lodge of Freemasonry in Scotland. When the Lodges were renumbered, Kilwinning was kept as Lodge Number '0', the Mother Lodge of Scotland. Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton b. 1723 was the Grand Master Mason of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1750-51. Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton (1726 - 1796) was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Mother Kilwinning, from 1771 until 1796. Montgomerie was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in 1782. 1806 - 1820: The Prince of Wales (afterwards King George IV) was the Grand Master Masons of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. See also the Rosslyn Chapel},

and Emma Brewster Jennings, daughter of Oliver Burr Jennings and Esther Judson Goodsell. His uncles were Edgar Stirling Auchincloss (father of James C. Auchincloss) and John Winthrop Auchincloss (grandfather of Louis Auchincloss). He had two older sisters, Esther Judson Auchincloss and Ann Burr Auchincloss. His father was the youngest brother of Edgar Stirling Auchincloss, making Hugh the nephew of Edgar Stirling Auchincloss and cousin of politician James C. Auchincloss". Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. graduated in 1920 from Yale University, where he was elected to the Elihu Senior Society.

Named above Janet / Janet Lee Bouvier was born in 1907, in Manhattan; the daughter of James Thomas Lee (1877 - 1968) / Jim Lee, a lawyer and real estate developer, and Margaret A. Merritt 1878 - 1943. Above James Thomas Lee / Jim Lee was the son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton; Jim Lee was the husband of Hattie Jane Lee and above Margaret A. Merritt; father of Marion Norton Ryan; Janet Norton Bouvier and Winifred Norton d'Olier; brother of Winifred Lee and Marian Lee.
Above Margaret A. Merritt b. 1878 or 1877 in Manhattan, was the daughter of Thomas Peter Merritt.
Named above Janet's [Janet Lee Bouvier] father (Jackie Bouvier Kennedy's grandfather) James Thomas Lee / Jim Lee was son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton; Dr. James Lee was from the immigrants from Cork, Ireland, whose father started out in New York City;
Jackie's grandfather became a Chase Manhattan Bank president!
Jim Lee, and his wife, the former Margaret Merritt, and three daughters lived on Park Avenue, in the summer, they moved into the exclusive enclave of East Hampton, New York.
Mentioned above James Thomas Lee, 1877 - 1968, married to Margaret Merritt and he was the father of Janet and Winifred. James T. Lee (travel 1909?) was in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. Jacqueline Bouvier and her family lived at the beginning on the sixth and seventh floors of 740 Park Avenue; then at the house of her grandfather James T. Lee built in 1929.
Above Janet Norton Vernou Bouvier (born Bouvier Lee), 1907 - 1969, married John Jack Vernou Bouvier in 1928, in New York. John was born in 1891, in East Hampton, NY; he was the N.Y. Stock Exchange Member, and Wall Street stockbrocker; Above named Janet Vernou Bouvier (born Norton Lee) has different history! Lived 1906 - 1989; born to James Thomas Lee and Margaret A. Lee (born Merritt). James was born 1877. Margaret was born in 1879.
Janet Norton Vernou Bouvier had 2 children, 1st married to John Jack Vernou Bouvier. They divorced. Janet married Hugh Dubley Auchincloss in 1942. Mentioned above Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss was the mother of former United States First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill. She was the mother-in-law of United States President John F. Kennedy.

Michel Bouvier [see below !] b. 1792 in France, Languedoc, Gard, Pont St Esprit or in Quebec, Canada in 1792 to Eustache Bouvier and Therese Mercier. Michel Bouvier had been a foot soldier for Napoleon. Died in 1874 PA, Philadelphia Co, Philadelphia - buried St Marys Catholic Cemetery. Grandfather of above MICHEL - Francois Bouvier 1727 - 1773.
Therese Mercier b. AUG 1766 in France, d. 1828 / or 1850 in France, was the daughter of Joseph Mercier and Anne Trintignant; wife of Eustache Bouvier and mother of Michel Bouvier. Above Joseph Mercier b. circa 1740 was the son of Melkior Mercier. Michel married Sarah Anne Pearson and had 2 children. Michel married 2nd to Louise C. Vernou and had 8 children. He died in 1874 in Massachusetts, USA [or Philadelphia]. Above Eustache Bouvier born in France 1758 to Francois Bouvier and Benoit Repelin. Eustache married Louise Perboz.

Named above JACQUELINE LEE BOUVIER KENNEDY ONASSIS b. 1929, was daughter of Janet Norton Lee, born 1907, but Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis's parents divorced in 1940. Janet Bouvier married a second time in 1942, to Hugh D. Auchincloss (1897-1972). She married a third time in 1979, to Bingham Morris. Morris's first wife had been a bridesmaid in the wedding party of his second wife (Janet Lee Bouvier).
"... Jacqueline Kennedy was half-Irish, her mother being the granddaughter of four immigrants from County Cork, who came to New York during the 1840's potato famine. Jacqueline Kennedy's paternal grandmother Maude Sergeant was the daughter of an immigrant from Kent, England. Despite her maiden name, Jacqueline Kennedy's French ancestry was descent from one great-grandfather, making her only one-eight French. The first Bouvier to settle in America was carpenter [see above !] Michel Bouvier, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1815 from Point Saint-Esprit in the Provence region.
... [Jacqueline Kennedy] had a younger sister, Caroline Lee Bouvier Canfield Radziwill Ross (born 1933).
Through the second marriage of her mother, Jacqueline Kennedy had two half-siblings, Janet Jennings Auchincloss (1945-1985) and James Lee Auchincloss (born 1947);
by Hugh D. Auchincloss's first marriage to MARIA CHRAPOWICKA / Maria Chrapovitsky, she had a step-brother, Hugh D. ("YUSHA / JUSZA") Auchincloss, Jr. (born 1927?);
by Hugh D. Auchincloss's second marriage to Nina Gore Vidal, she had a step-sister, NINA Auchincloss Steers Straight (born 1935?), and a step-brother Thomas Auchincloss (born 1937?). Although the author, playwright and social critic Gore Vidal has often been identified as a stepbrother to Jacqueline Kennedy, they both shared the same stepfather, but through different mothers".
"... Jacqueline Kennedy's mother, born as Janet Norton Lee, was entirely Irish-American. Her father James 'Jim' Thomas Lee and mother Margaret Merritt were the children of impoverished immigrants who had all come from Cork, Ireland during the 1840s ... In fact, Jackie Kennedy was fully half-Irish Catholic ...".
Above James Thomas Lee b. 1877 - son of Dr. James Lee and Mary Norton.
Above Dr. James Lee b. ca 1840/1850 in Cork, the Munster prov., Ireland.

Note:
Catherine Lee (b. 1910, d. 1979) was daughter of Micheal Lee and Ellen McSweeney [Ellen McSweeney (1868-1910) or Ellen McSweeney b. 1867 in Dunmanway, Cork, Ireland was daughter of Myls McSweeney and Mary; mother of Kathleen Ferris]. Catherine Lee was born in 1910 in Killeagh Co., Cork, and died 1979 in Killeagh Co., Cork. She married James Lee in 1935 in Killeagh, Co Cork, son of Joseph Lee and Kathleen Reilly ! Patrick Kennedy and Anne Cashman were godparents of above Catherine Lee. Withness to the wedding were Michael Lee and Mary Lee (Cork, St. Killeagh). Related to the Lee's in Ladysbridge.
Killeagh is situated east of CORK [see my domain on the CORK Co.].

One of these more humble ancestors of Jacqueline Kennedy was evidently a Cork 'nurse' named Mary Norton [born ca 1850 ?] who married Jackie's second generation from Cork grandfather James Lee. "He indeed gained considerable wealth as a property developer and financier".
Jackie's Bouvier family has deep Irish roots, the surnames of the four families involved on her mother's side are Lee, Norton, Merritt and Curry.
At Calvary Cemetery in Queens, New York indicate one Thomas Merritt and his wife Maria Curry, two of Jacqueline Bouvier's great grandparents - were from County Clare. County Clare - north-west of LIMERICK.

And now on the MERCIER famil at my domain:
A.
Luigi Scotti Douglas / Louis Scotti was born in 1796 in Naples / Napoli, married Mary Josephine Carlier, with whom he had Ferdinand, Federico and Alfonso; he began his military career as a bodyguard in 1816; after a long military career in 1859 promoted field marshal. Died in Naples, 1880. The branch of Vigolino settled in Naples, from RAMIZIO married Josephine Poulet, next generation in Napoli: Joseph, Count of Vigolino b. 1776 who married Dorothy Granalais; his son: Luigi who was above mentioned; his sons: Ferdinand, Federico, Alfonso; above named FERDINAND Scotti b. 1831, student from 1841 to 1847, captain, 1861 in Gaeta; FEDERICO b. 1836, served the Guards, ALFONSO Scotti Douglas, Earl of Vigolino, b. 1849, promoted lieutenant of Engineers and appointed assistant director of the Force in Capua, he returned to college to finish studies, married Celestina Loencilli with son EDOARDO b. in Naples, 1874 married to Emma Gini, with daughter Annita b. Milan in 1904, and ALFONSO in 1910. Mary Josephine Carlier - maybe she is Mary Carlier, b. 1811, daughter of Daniel Carlier and Mary Marlain; sister of Henry Augustus Carlier; William Evans Carlier and David Evans Carlier, half sister of Daniel Carlier - copyright by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com. Above Daniel Carlier, b. 1766, London, England; died 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India, son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier; inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst, Rachel Cowan, Stephen R Johnson and Stephen David Berryman.
Daniel Carlier m. Mary Marlain; he was born in 1770 / 1766 at London, England (? - in Colombo, Sri Lanka), d. 1822 / 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India. Son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier.
Husband of Mary Marlain; father of Henry Augustus Carlier; Mary Carlier; William Evans Carlier; David Evans Carlier and Daniel Carlier; brother of Isaac Carlier, half brother of Abraham Carlier, inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com in 2009; Mary MARLAIN b. ca 1770, d. 1855 Ootacamund; he was working as Conductor of Madras Invalids; is the man who leaves the Huguenot community in London to go to India. Daniel's parents were Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier, both born in London; he married a woman from Colombo, Mary Marlain, in 1807 in India, but he had also son Daniel, born about 1796. He had son Daniel second who married Eliza Grace Evans in 1829 in Palamcottah, Madras from his third wife - her father may be William Evans. Mary Carlier (Marlain) b. ca 1770 in Colombo, Ceylon; d. 1855 in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India. The CARLIER name is French Huguenot, French Protestants and in 1720 Jan CARLIER born in Amsterdam, North Holland had two children born in Colombo, Sri Lanka which was colonized by the Dutch. Marriage record for Daniel CARLIER in 1807 to Mary Marlain from Colombo, lived in Fort St George, Madras. But Elizabeth CARLIER b. 1828 had parents D. CARLIER and Elizabeth. It is possible that the Huguenot CARLIER from England went to South India with the East India company; above data under copyright by Moira Breen from USA.

B.
The Krauze / Krause family, Latvian-German origin, before the Second War in Latvia and Estonia:
Christina Sofia Krause / Христина-София Краузе b. 1755 in Revel / Tallinn, d. 1825; m. Frideriks / Фридерихс b. 1749; her children: in Ревель, was Евстафий Иванович Фридерихс / Якоб Иоганн Август, b. 1776, d. 1834, and Генрих Якоб Фридерихс b. ca 1780; in Avandus / Авандус, was born Элизабет Катарина Фридерихс in 1784. They were living in Lasinurme (Lassinorm) - close to Avandus, knight manor in Simuna Parish, Virumaa County - south of Rakvere; Thula / Tuula, Saue Parish, Harju County, Estonia - 3 km south of Keila, 8 km soth-west of Saue, 8 km east of Lehola.
Her husband - mentioned above - Иоганн Иеремия Фридерихс b. 1749, Dorpat; he was living in Лассинорм, Авандус, Ревель, Тула of von Toll. Above Евстафий Фридерихс b. 1776, married in 1803 (div. 1807) in London to Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824; she married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss
[see TUULA ca 3 km south-west of JOGISOO of the George de Mohrenschildt family - see LEE OSWALD and BOUVIER]
/ Александр Густав Иоганн фон Вейс - son of Сергей / Андреас Отто Георг фон Вейс b. 1760; her son Константин Рейнхольд фон Вейс b. 1839 d. 1917; her grandson Aleksandr von Weiss / Александр фон Вейс b. 1870.
Her partner Константин Павлович Poманов, 1779 - 1831.

We know about: MERCIER, 1666 in Paris. Mercier, Louis Sébastien, 1740-1814. They come from Levallois-Perret - in the northwestern suburbs of Paris. And from Meurthe et Moselle, and Vosges, Lorraine, France. General Auguste Mercier (1833-1921) married Fanny Isobel Tremayne Simons at Versailles in 1871. His son Evelyn Gabriel Tremayne Mercier, born 1876, was Lieut-Colonel in the infantry.

Named above Josephine Mercier (Friderichs, Aleksandrova, Weiss) b. 1778 d. 1824, married second time in 1820 to Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss b. 1760; her grandson (stepgrandson, acc. to me) Aleksandr von Weiss b. 1870.

Samples only. Pierre-Mathurin Mercier born 1774 at the Lion d'Angers in France, north-west of Angers, died 1801 in La Motte in France, is a military officer, commander of the legion of Vannes and the Catholic Army during the War in the Vendée, south-west of Angers; he joined in June 1793 Vendee army, going on Nantes. Pierre Mathurin Mercier was the son of Pierre Mercier and Lucretia Touze / Lucrece Touzé, from a middle class family, moved to Château-Gontier in 1784, north of Angers; relatives: Frédéric Mercier, his brother, one of the leaders of Fromentieres; Mary Lucretia Mercier (1776-1831), and Felix Elias Mercier / Felix Elie Mercier, brother of Peter / Pierre, attach to his name 'Vendée' in memory of his brother. The Mercier Vendée: in Grammont south-west of Angers, La Péraudiere, La Noue, Toulouse. Next of kin with Huet, Picault, in 1701 to Bouvet, Guillot. Louise Huet, b. 1714 in Le Lion d'Angers, d. 1764, her mother Bouvet; Louise married to Mathurin Mercier, his sons: François Mercier (la Vendee) in 1766 m. Françoise Hantri, and Pierre Mercier in 1773 m. to Lucrece Touzé.

Above mentioned Aleksandr Gustav Johann Weiss b. 1792 d. 1845, was married 1st to Anna Elisabeth Wrangell b. 1804.
Anna Elisabeth Wrangell Betsy b. 1804, died 1875 in Uchten. Her father Georg Johan von Wrangell from Uchten (1760 in Reval - 1836, his brother Karl Magnus von Wrangell); grandfather Reinhold Johann von Wrangell (1721 - 1767) from Koddil / Kodila, Raplamaa, Estland; great-grandfather Karl Johann von Wrangell b. 1691, by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.

Josephine Friedrichs nee Mercier b. 1778 - d. 1824; 1805, arrived to St. Petersburg, as an actress, in search of her husband. In London she married to Colonel Alexander von Friedrichs, a personal aide-adjutant Emperor. She found her husband in 1807 and divorced. Constantine Pavlovich / Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov met her 1807, in 1816, she taken name Juliana M. / Ulyana Mihajlovna Alexandrova. In 1820, Juliana M. married Colonel Weiss. Her son Alexandrov in 1829 was appointed aide-adjutant to His Imperial Majesty, and in 1831 took part in the war against the Polish insurgents. 1846 - a major general; 1855 was appointed adjutant-general, and 1856 lieutenant general. Aleksandrov Pavel K. married in 1833 to Shcherbatova, Princess Anna Alexandrovna; Pavel K. Alexandrov died 1857.
The count Albert R. de Gern - Earl, member of the Russian-French Chamber of Commerce, Board Member: The Russian-French Commercial Bank and the Society of the Bryansk factories; the secretary of French society 'Russian Mining and Metallurgical Union', the French agent in Russia, and member of the board of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company. Neighbour of count Albert von Gern at I. Lidvall / Lidval house in 1912 - 1916 in St Petersburg: M. N. Weiss, the daughter of Vice Admiral; Weiss, Alexander Konstantinovich; he was born 1870, was Rear-admiral on 12 June 1916; he graduated from the Maritime School; commanded a torpedo boat and destroyers; after the October Revolution in the service of the Reds. Chief of Staff of the Red Baltic Fleet to 1919. Arrested in 1931, 1933 and 1935 exiled to Orenburg. His father: Weiss, Konstantin b. 1839 d. 1917. He was born on August 5, 1839 in Tsarskoye Selo, came from the nobility of the province of Estonia. On May 14, 1896 was promoted to lieutenant general. June 6, 1907 Weiss was promoted to General of Infantry. General Weiss was living in St. Petersburg (Petrograd) in 1917 at Nicholas Road, 59 where he died August 22, 1917. And next of kin Konstantin von Weiss born July 29, 1877 in Tsarskoye Selo, died in Augsburg; during the Civil War, the commander of the Baltic Battalion of the Estonian Army. Baltic Regiment was formed in early 1919 in Estonia of the volunteers - Baltic Germans and since the spring of 1919 worked with the North-Western Army. October 1919 was part of 3rd Infantry Division, then worked as a part of the 1st Army.

C.
The CARLIER name is French Huguenot, French Protestants and in 1720 Jan CARLIER born in Amsterdam, North Holland had two children born in Colombo, Sri Lanka which was colonized by the Dutch. Mary Josephine Carlier - maybe she is Mary Carlier, b. 1811, daughter of Daniel Carlier and Mary Marlain;
sister of Henry Augustus Carlier; William Evans Carlier and David Evans Carlier, half sister of Daniel Carlier - copyright by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com. Above Daniel Carlier, b. 1766, London, England; died 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India, son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier; inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst, Rachel Cowan, Stephen R Johnson and Stephen David Berryman.
Daniel Carlier m. Mary Marlain; he was born in 1770 or 1766 at London, England (? - in Colombo, Sri Lanka), d. 1822 / 1829 in Palamcottah, Tamil Nadu, India. Son of Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier.
Husband of Mary Marlain; father of Henry Augustus Carlier; Mary Carlier; William Evans Carlier; David Evans Carlier and Daniel Carlier; brother of Isaac Carlier, half brother of Abraham Carlier, inf. by Marco Alexander Herbst at geni.com in 2009; Mary MARLAIN b. ca 1770, d. 1855 Ootacamund; he was working as Conductor of Madras Invalids; is the man who leaves the Huguenot community in London to go to India. Daniel's parents were Jacob Carlier and Susanne Mercier, both born in London; he married a woman from Colombo, Mary Marlain, in 1807 in India, but he had also son Daniel, born about 1796. He had son Daniel second who married Eliza Grace Evans in 1829 in Palamcottah, Madras from his third wife - her father may be William Evans. Mary Carlier (Marlain) b. ca 1770 in Colombo, Ceylon; d. 1855 in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India.

And now on the MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris and of IRELAND:
The Round Table movement, founded in 1909 - acc. to historian Carroll Quigley - was connected to a secret society named the 'Society of the Elect' with Cecil Rhodes, Stead and Lord Rothschild as his designated successors, and also Milner, Reginald Baliol Brett Lord Esher, Cardinal Manning, Lord Arthur Balfour, Lord Albert Grey and Sir Harry Johnston; Carroll Quigley claims in 'Tragedy and Hope' that Rhodes's 'Society of the Elect' was established in 1889 - 1891; an outer circle known as the Association of Helpers was later organised by Milner as the Round Table; its sister organisations: Lionel Curtis founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs in 1920, and Walter Lippmann in 1921 - the Council on Foreign Relations, in America. See also: Alexander May, The Round Table, 1910-66, ed. by University of Oxford.
At this same year, 1909 descendant of Samuel Konarski founded the groundwork of modern English MI5 counterintelligence. KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel b. 1802 in Cracow or in 1803 in Praszka, west of Czestochowa; he was son of Joachim Konarski; Alexander Samuel or KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel was wine merchant in England, like Paul Armand who opened in Moscow own wine shop. Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski married to Harriet Fraser Lucas; he was transcribed as 'Alexander Kowaraki'. She come from the Irish family, Philip Monoux was the West India and Colombia merchant, plantation owner and slave-factor. Philip Monoux Lucas was a partner in a number of companies and resided in the West Indies between about 1802 and 1810, acted in the Lang, Chauncy & Lucas (address: at 39 Wilson Street Finsbury Square in 1834). Monoux Lucas died in 1830. Emma, the daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and Sarah Lucas, married Edward Walker, a London solicitor who left L500,000 on his death in 1872. "James Mad Lucas" or "The Hermit of Hertfordshire", was son of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah nee Beesly. Above Nathaniel Snell Chauncy, 1789 - 1856, son of Charles Snell Chauncy ne Snell, who died in 1809, and brother of Charles Snell Chauncy. West India merchant, partner with Philip Monoux Lucas and Charles Porcher Lang in Chauncy, Lucas & Lang until Lucas's death in 1830. Harriet Fraser Lucas / Harriet Fraser Konarska was daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah and she was one of the "heirs of Philip Monoux Lucas" identified as a beneficiary of his estate. She married above mentioned Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski at St Pancras in London, 1839. Died in 9 Bedford Place, Brighton in 1871.
Children of Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski / Samuel Konarski / Konasski / Alexander Kowaraki:
a. Samuel Philip Lucas Konarski b. 1843,
b. Marie Konarska b. 1853 / Maria Alexandrina Stuart Konarski or Marian Alexandrina Stuart died 1926, in 1845 living in Kensington, 1846 court against George Lucas;
c. Georgina Augusta Konarska b. 1855 / Georgina Augustus Kell nee Konarski.
Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski was died on 14 January 1893 in Nice, France; was a doctor, emigrated to England.
We know also on Thomas / Tomasz Paschalis Seweryn Konarski / KONARSKI Tomasz Paschalis (1792-1878) General 1830-1831, from Zarczyce close to Malogoszcz; in Zarczyce Duze in 1700 was born Stanislaw Konarski actual name Hieronim Konarski; died 1878 - Auxerre. His father lieutenant of the Austrian Army born 1742. Grandfather 1699-1756. Tomasz Konarski married two times: in 1822, Warszawa, and in France.
Marie Melanie Edwige KONARSKA 1855-1940 m. 1880, Auxerre to Isidore ROZE 1848-1934 with Marie Therese Eleonore ROZE 1881-1971 m. 1899 to Henri LIONS with Hedwige LIONS b. 1900. We know also that Samuel Alexander Konarski played at roulette in the casino in Monte Carlo with high luck; a surgeon by profession, a participant of November Uprising 1830 - 1831, during which he was wounded, awarded the Golden Cross of the Virtue Military; after the uprising, he emigrated to England, where he was occupied at large scale in wine trade, thanks to help of Treasury (see below a note). He spend the winter in warmer corners of Europe, including Monte Carlo, Nice, Monaco. He left a considerable wealth, for which his daughter Emma bought a large collection of art. Unfortunately, after her death, none of this collection was provided to Polish museums, but only to the collections of the Vatican Museum, the Museum of Cluny in Paris and the City Museum in Pau (France).
Georgina Augusta Konarska was born in 1855 at Brussels, Belgium. She was the daughter of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas. She married, firstly, Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell, son of Robert J. Kell and Amelia Fearn, in 1873 at St. George at Hanover Square, London, England. She and Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell were divorced in 1892. She married, secondly, James Allcard in 1893 at St. Pancras, London, England. Child of Georgina Augusta Konarska and Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell: Maj.-Gen. Sir Vernon George Waldegrave Kell b. 1873, d. 1942.
Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski was born on 1 September 1803 at Praszka, Poland. He married Harriet Fraser Lucas. He died on 14 January 1893 at age 89 at Nice, France; was a doctor, emigrated to England. He gained the rank of officer in the service of the 1st Podhalian Rifle Regiment, Polish Army in the Polish-Russian War in 1830.
Children of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas:
1. Marie Konarska b. 1853; 2. Georgina Augusta Konarska b. 1855. Marie Konarska was born in 1853 at London, England. She was the daughter of Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas.
Amelia Fearn was born in 1821 at London, England. She married Robert J. Kell in 1845 at St. Pancras, London. From 1845, her married name became Kell.
Children of Amelia Fearn and Robert J. Kell:
1. Robert Kell b. 1846; 2. Emmeline Kell b. 1848; 3. Constance Kell b. 1849; 4. Major Waldegrave C. F. Kell b. 1850, d. 1915.
Konarski family (Calvinist): Joachim Konarski (his son Samuel Alexander Ernest was born 1802/1803 in Krakow, emigrated to London, after 1830-31 war with Russia, died Nice, France aged 90, 14 January 1893; descendants of Alexander's daughters in UK & France. Joachim was created a count of Galicia.
Widow and trustee of the West India merchant, plantation owner and slave-factor Philip Monoux Lucas: the wife of Philip Monoux Lucas is shown as 'Sarah' (born Ireland) in the baptisms of their children and in Philip Monoux Lucas's will which names their surviving children as Anna Maria, Harriet Fraser, Emma, James and George.
Anna Maria Lucas married the Austrian Joseph Ferdinand Count de Taafe and Harriet Fraser Lucas married Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski.
Sarah Lucas was living at 7 Cambridge Terrace in 1841, age 60, of independent means, born Ireland, with her children James age 25, Emma age 20, George age 22.

KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel (1803-1893) was son of Joachim Konarski and unknown wife.

Major S. P. LUCAS KONARSKI, late 25th Regt. and King's Own Scottish Borderers, only son of COUNT ALEXANDER KONARSKI, born 1843, d. at Torquay on 11 Dec. 1887, aged 44.

Patrick MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris, banker
[only son of Valentine MacSwiney / McSweeney of Paris, banker, who was b. in Macroom in the province of Munster, Ireland, Munster is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the south of Ireland; by his wife, a daughter of Count Alexander Konarski, Officer de Chasseurs polonaise. Patrick was in Apr. 1896 created by Pope Leo XIII as MARQUESS MACSWINEY OF MASHANAGLASS (McSweeney / MARCHESE MACSWINEY DI MASHANAGLASS)].
In the mid 19th century the representatives of John McSweeny held a land in the county Cork at the parishes of Kilnaglory and St Finbarrs - barony of Cork, and John McSweeney held a land in the parish of Drishane - barony of West Muskerry. In the 1870s various members of the McSweeney family owned acreages of 100+ around Cork city and John McSweeney of Macroom owned 599 acres. The MacSwiney family originally held land at Mashanaglass near Macroom.
Valentine Emanuel Patrick MacSwiney / McSweeney (1871-1945), son of Valentine P. MacSwiney / McSweeney, a banker, was born in Paris and created a Marquess by Pope Leo XIII.
Philip Monoux Lucas was a partner in a number of companies and resided in the West Indies between about 1802 and 1810. He acted as an agent for the sale of slaves on the island of St Vincent. The James & Co. report that their ship Stork is ready to sail for Angola to ... the West Indies, calling first at Barbados. The Liverpool firm requests Lucas & Co. to lodge a letter in Barbados with information respecting the market for slaves in St Vincent.

Caroline Lee Radziwill née Bouvier; born 1933, also known as Lee Radziwill, the younger sister of the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, and sister-in-law of President John F. Kennedy. Caroline has been married three times. Her first marriage, in 1953, was to Michael Temple Canfield, maybe son of Prince George, Duke of Kent, a member of the British Royal Family; she was married second in 1959, to Polish prince Stanisław Albrecht Radziwiłł, who divorced his second wife, the former Grace Maria Kolin; their marriage ended in divorce in 1974.
Prince Stanisław Albrecht "Stash" Radziwiłł, b. 1914, d. 1976, was son of Janusz Franciszek, Prince Radziwiłł (1880 - 1967) and Anna, Princess Lubomirska (1882 - 1947). Janusz Franciszek, Prince Radziwiłł was son of Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Pelagia Sapieha.
Ferdynand Fryderyk Radziwiłł (1834 in Berlin - 1926 in Rome) was a Polish nobleman and Polish-German politician, son of Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł b. 1809 - Boguslaw was great-grandson of King Frederick William I of Prussia, great-great-grandson of King George I of Great Britain, cousin of William I, German Emperor and Tsar Alexander II of Russia.

Hugh D. Auchincloss / Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. b. 1897 in Newport, Rhode Island, United States, died 1976; education at Yale University, stockbroker, lawyer, married Maya de Chrapovitsky in 1925 to 1932; 2nd Nina S. Gore (m. 1935-41), 3rd Janet Lee Bouvier (m. 1942); children Hugh Dudley Auchincloss III, Nina Gore Auchincloss, Thomas Gore, Janet Jennings Auchincloss, James Lee.

Maya de Chrapovitsky's parents:
Count Nicolas de Chrapovitsky Lieut. Col., born Sankt-Peterburg, Russia; died 1905 in Port Arthur, China; he was in the Russian Navy and was killed at Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. He married to Margharita Taylor b. 07.02.1872, d. Los Angeles, 1942. Children - Olga de Chrapovitsky b. 1898 m. Edward R. Condon; and above Maya de Chrapovitsky b. 1899 m. 1st Hugh Dudley Auchincloss Jr, 2nd Eldbridge Rand.
Maya de Chrapovitsky's grandparents: Henry Augustus Taylor 1839 - 1899, and Mary Anna Meyer ca 1844 - 1878.
Her sister was Olga de Chrapovitsky b. 1898, Saint Petersburg, d. 1991, Laguna Beach, CA.
We know on MARIA CHRAPOWICKA the wife to Karol Epstein b. ca 1890, that is Maria Chrapowicka born to Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 and Maria Jaksa-Dębicka 1863-1909. Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 was son of Ignacy Antoni Chrapowicki b. 1817 in Witebsk, Vitebsk; d. 1893; grandson of Eustachy Chrapowicki / Chrapovickis b. circa 1790. Eustachy was the son of Józef Chrapowicki 1750 - 1812 and Magdalena Ogińska b. 1760 daughter of Józef Ogiński and Apolonija WYHOWSKA - Oginskiene.
Remember - A.
Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Łuczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz senior b. ca 1675, and grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki.
B.
Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 or 1780 - 1812, son of
Tadeusz Wankowicz that is Антон Тадэвушавіч Ваньковіч / Antoni Wańkowicz / Антон Тадеушевич Ванькович, 1780 - 1812, the Marshal of the Ihumen district (1805 - 1808) (preceded by Michael S. Prushinskiy, succeeded Osztarp / Leo Franzevich Oshtarp 1785 - 1851), landowner of the Minsk government. Catholic.
His father Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz junior [b. ca 1720 ? - see above !] son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior
(Tadeusz Wańkowicz / Wladyslaw Tadeusz Wankowicz was clerk of the Lithuania Court in 1711, 1717, 1722, 1726, in Minsk 1730, member of the Parliament in 1730, owner of the Swołna / Swolna / Svolna estate - then Zarako Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz - in 1725, was born ca 1675, his wife Helena Wołodkowicz b. ca 1685; his parents: Jan Wańkowicz inf. 1671, b. ca 1646, m. Zofia Chrapowicki owner of the Swołna estate, the Połock clark, she was daughter of Tomasz Chrapowicki; Tomasz Chrapowicki studied in Cracow in 1633, office in Polock in 1668, owner of the Swołna land estate, b. ca 1615, d. after 1668)
that is Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich (Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of above Tadeusz Wankowicz), and his wife Anna Antonievna Sventarzhetskaya / Anna Swietorzecka b. ca 1735;
wife of Tadeusz Wankowicz that is Антон Тадэвушавіч Ваньковіч / Antoni Wańkowicz / Антон Тадеушевич Ванькович, 1780 - 1812 was Anna Stanislavovna Soltan.

The Chrapowicki family:

Lieutenant Nikolai Sergeyevich Khrapovitsky / Khrapovitsky Nikolai Sergeevich / Храповицкий Николай Сергеевич died 1905.05.15 close to Cushima / Tsushima; Lieutenant, the chief officer of the watch. He died on the battleship Emperor Alexander III in the battle with the Japanese in the Tsushima Strait. Sunk 14 (27) May 1905 at 18:50. None of the battleship team escaped. He come from Jason Khrapovitsky Semenovich (1785-1851) - Russian military and statesman, Major General, privy councilor, governor of Smolensk.

Jason S. Khrapovitsky [Ясон, Язон, Иасон, Джейсон, Жазон] was son of Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Chrapowicki [see below !] and Maria Lvovna Chernysheva; Jason was the husband of Elizabeth Andreyevna Kleinmichel (1795-1842). Above Elizabeth Andreyevna Kleinmichel / Елизавета Андреевна Храповицкая nee Клейнмихель [wife of named above JASON CHRAPOWICKI], 1795 - 1842, was the daughter of Andreas (Andrej Andreevič) Kleinmichel and Anna Eleonore (Elizaveta Francovna); sister of Peter (Pyotr Andreevich) Graf Kleinmichel; Marie Hartong and Варвара Андреевна Огарева.

JASON was the father of Sergei Yasonovich Khrapovitsky b. 1829 [Sergei was the husband of Alexandra Pavlovna Khrapovitsky; staff captain retired in 1879]; JASON was the brother of Ivan Semenovich Khrapovitsky and Stepan Semenovich Khrapovitsky. Jason was Major General, and member of the Internal Affairs Ministry Council, military service began in 1801 with the rank of non-commissioned officer of the Horse Guards. In 1802 transferred to Pavlograd Hussars, participated in the war 1805-1806, in Saxony, Bavaria, Austria and Prussia.

Above Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Семён Яковлевич Храповицки / Chrapowicki (1752 - 1819), was a nobility marshal of the Yukhnovsky district.

Above Sergej b. 1829 had son Nikolai Chrapowicki / Mikolaj Chrapowicki / Храповицкий Николай Сергеевич b. ca 1860 / 1870, died on 14 May 1905 or 1905.05.15; and his granddaugter was Maria Maja Chrapowicka b. 1899. Maria Nikolayevna "Maya" Chrapovitsky Rand b. 1899 in Saint Petersburg; died in San Diego County in California, USA, had a son - Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1927 - 2015).

Józef Chrapowicki, was the son of Dominik Chrapowicki.
Jozef had brother Eustachy Chrapowicki [see below !].
JOZEF was Army Major General; Member of Smolensk, and the Polotsk Province on the election of King Stanisław August. In 1765, a judge of the Smolensk land, office in Mścisław in 1784; inf. of 1786, 1785, 1787, 1774 owner of Dworzno; 1791, m. Helena Suffczynska, childless.
Above Dominik Chrapowicki / Дементий Михайлович Храповицкий b. ca 1695, was son of Михаил Андреевич Храповицкий [Michail b. ca 1660, died 1710, was son of ANDRZEJ CHRAPOWICKI / Андрей Яковлевич Храповицкий b. ca 1640] and Наталья Ивановна
DOMINIK / Dementij was a taskmaster.
Named Dominik Chrapowicki born before 1700, d. 1729, was the husband of Rozalia Rypińska, and was the father of above
Eustachy Chrapowicki;
Jerzy Chrapowicki / Юрий (Георгий) Дементьевич Храповицкий;
Иван Дементьевич Храповицкий / Jan Chrapowicki;
Jakov - Colonel of Smolensk (1741), and a judge of Smolensk (1780);
and mentioned above Józef Chrapowicki b. ca 1729.

Mentioned above Siemon Y. Khrapovitsky / Семён Яковлевич Храповицки / Chrapowicki (1752 - 1819) was son of mentioned above Jakob / Jacob / Яков Дементьевич Храповицкий b. ca 1725, and grandson of Dementiy / Dominikas / DOMINIK Chrapowicki / Дементий Михайлович Храповицкий b. ca 1695.

Mentioned above Eustachy Chrapowicki, the judge in Polotsk, in 1765 the Swolna estate owner;
with Balbina Pakoszówna had a
son Piotr Celestine Chrapowicki who bought Sielut / SIELUTA in 1805, served the Russian Army, m. Helena Górecka with her son
Michał Chrapowicki, Marshal of the province of Vitebsk, married to Countess Lidia Apraksin. His sons:
Aleksander, an officer of the Russian Chevalier;
N. Teplov; and
Dimitri Chrapowicki married with lady of the Russian court.

Eustachy Chrapowicki, come from a branch of Jan Chrapowicki, inf. Vitebsk, Mozyr in 1623, the owner of Kochanowicze in the province of Polotsk, married to Christine Łowejko / Krystyna Lowejko, and had several sons and a daughter, Helena, married to Prince Dimitri Ogiński in 1650.

The same branch of Chrapowicki: after it goes - named above
Dominik + Rozalia Rypinska,
and Tomasz Chrapowicki, inf. Polotsk in 1668;
Theophilus in Polotsk, assets from King Jan III.

Dominik Chrapowicki, owner of Kochanowicze, the estate then passed on to his son Eustachy Chrapowicki, who was born by Rozalia Rypińska.

Eustachy Chrapowicki inf. Starodub in 1765, 1775; in 1779 m. Teresa Szczyt;
her son was Józef Chrapowicki;
his father in Starodub in 1778, then was the Polock / Polotsk province marshal of the nobility.

Józef Chrapowicki in 1812 divorced with Franciszka Hryniewiecka (she m. Woyniłłowicz),
and 2nd time married to a princess Magdalena Oginska with sons:
Antoni; Michal Chrapowicki, and Eustachy jr. b. 1790;

below sons of above Józef Chrapowicki:

1) Anthony 1775-1851 married (two times: N. Wolska b. 1790; Ewelina)
to Ewelina Mirska / Ewelina Światopełk-Mirska, owner of Datnow, his sons:
Adam, b. 1820, the owner of Datnow;
Gabriel / Gabryel, 1820 - 1881, owner of Terespol;
and daughters, Stanisława Kłobukowska and Antonina Kreutz.
Above Ewelina Chrapowicka nee Światopełk-Mirska, daughter of Stanisław Wojciech Światopełk-Mirski and Stanisława; wife of Antoni Chrapowicki; mother of Gabriel Chrapowicki; Adam Chrapowicki and Antonina Kreutz, by Andrzej Hennel.
Mentioned above Adam Chrapowicki married three times:
a. Maria Römer b. 1829, d. 1852, daughter of Józef Römer and Aleksandra; she was mother of Ewelina Lubieniecka in 1871 m. to January Lubieniecki.
b. Kamila Berg / Camilla Berg, with son son Eustachy Chrapowicki, who died in his youth, and
c. Sophie Chlewińska with son Anthony (Zofia Chlewińska daughter of Jan Paweł Laurentius Chlewiński and Franciszka Puzyna; mother of Antoni Chrapowicki).
Antoni Chrapowicki married to Helena Janczewski b. 1875, daughter of Kazimierz and Helena Oskierko; owner of Terespol.

2) Michał Chrapowicki, Marschall of Dzisna county, and Minsk Province, owner of Jasnogórki and Korolla in Zmudz, and Prozorok in the county of Dzisna,
m. Joanna Okuszkówna / Okuszko with
a son and a daughter:
a. Kazimierz Chrapowicki 1817-1881 married to
Adela Ciechanowiecka 1823-1887 with children:
Włodzimierz Chrapowicki 1848-1909, Edward Chrapowicki 1853-1905; b. Józefa Chrapowicka b. (?) 1820 m. Stanisław Makowiecki b. 1800 with children:
Leontyna Makowiecka 1830-1902, Eugeniusz Makowiecki, Wincenty Makowiecki, Walerian Makowiecki.

Note on above
Kazimierz Chrapowicki / Казимир Михайлович Храповицкий b. 1817 / 1818, died in 1881 in Warsaw, 1837 officer, General lieutenant, war in 1849, 1856 at the Baltic Sea coast; 1877 Bessarabia.
His brother was Arkadiusz Chrapowicki / Arkady, m. to Stefania Radziwill.
His father Michal Mikolaj Chrapowicki b. 1780, and brother of his father -
Antoni Chrapowicki m. Ewelina Kamilla Ewa Swiatopelk-Mirska;
grandparents of above Kazimierz: Jozef / Josil Chrapowicki and Magdalena Oginska b. ca 1760; her brother was Ignacy Oginski b. 1755, d. 1787, m. Jozefa.

Ignacy Ogiński Duke, son of Józef Ogiński and Antonina Biallozor, husband of Józefa Zofia Łopacińska, and father of Paulina Antonina Franciszka Łopacińska and Gabriel Józef Ogiński Duke; half brother of Helena Wiktoria Łopacińska and mentioned Magdalena Chrapowicka - inf. by Andrzej Hennel.

Gabriel Jozef Andrzej Oginski 1784-1842, Duke, General in 1831, next of kin of Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833).
His parents Ignacy Oginski 1755-1787 and Jozefa Zofia Oginska (b. 1760).
Gabriel Jozef Andrzej Oginski in 1806 served the Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
Ignacy Ogiński b. 1755, son of Józef Ogiński
(Józef Ogiński 1713 in the Krzywy Róg county, d. 1776, son of Karol Ogiński;
Karol b. ca 1690
[his brother was
Marcjan Oginski / Marcian Michal Oginski b. 1672 in Witebsk
with children:
Benedykta Tyszkiewicz d. before 1748,
Barbara Pac d. 1725,
Ignacy Oginski b. 1698,
Marciana Potocka b. ca 1700 d. 1766,
Stanisław Ogiński 1710 - 1748,
Tadeusz Franciszek Ogiński 1712 - 1783,
Andrzej Ignacy Ogiński 1739 - 1787 with his children:
Józefa Ogińska, and
born 1765 in Guzow famous Michał Kleofas Ogiński 1765 - 1833 with his children:
Emma Brzostowska / Wysocka,
Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński 1798 - 1844,
Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński 1801 - 1837,
Amelia Załuska 1805 - 1858,
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski 1808 - 1863, with his children:
Bogdan Michał Ogiński + Maria Gabriela Potulicka 1855 - 1927,
and Michał Mikołaj Ogiński];
great-grandson of Bogusław Ogiński 1669 - 1730 from Szymon Karol / Symeon Ogiński b. ca 1621, died in 1699 and Teodora Korsak)
and Antonina;
father of Paulina Antonina Franciszka Łopacińska and above mentioned Gabriel Józef Ogiński b. 1784.

Sons of above named Kazimierz Chrapowicki:
Edward, and Wlodzimierz / Vladimir Kazimirovich Chrapowicki m. Maria Jadwiga Aleksandra Kossakowska with children:
1. Aleksandra Maria Adelaida / Adela nee Chrapowicka b. 1882 d. 1941, m. Jozef Edward Puzyna b. 1878, Duke;
2. Maria Klotylda Waleria Chrapowicka 1896 - 1944 m. Aleksander Apoloniusz Taube 1885 - 1946, Baron, with children:
a. Aleksandra Maria Wręcka born 1922 d. 1993 in Westmead in Australia, m. Stanislaw Oertel b. 1910 / 1920 (family from Lithuania, samples: Oertel Jan, in Janowiciszki, Radziwiliszki, Szawle; Oertel Karol, in Poszawsze, Szawle; Oertel, in Poszymsze; Oertel, Wiktoryn),
and b. Zofia Gustawa Gozdawa born 1925 - inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene at geni.com.

Michał Chrapowicki with his second wife -
Jozefa Korsak had

son Arkadyusz married Stefania Julia Radziwiłł 1825-1896.
Genealogy of Stefania Julia nee Radziwill:

she come from famous Stanisław Radziwiłł Duke, b. 1722

(Stanisław Radziwiłł 1722-1787, was a member of the Confederation of Andrzej Mokronowski in 1776 and Member of Parliament in 1776. Andrzej Mokronowski b. 1713 - d. 1784, was one of the first Polish Masons, he founded Masonic lodge of the Three Brothers in Warsaw in 1744; he was Grand Master of the Grand Orient of the Polish Kingdom and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1784. He was the second husband of Izabella Poniatowska, sister of Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski),

with his son Mikołaj Radziwiłł b. 1747; and his son was also Mikołaj Radziwiłł junior b. 1801, with daughter mentioned above Stefania Julia Radziwiłł Princess, b. 1825, m. ca 1840 to Arkadiusz Chrapowicki and 2nd to Kajetan Oskierka with child: Adolf Oskierka / Oskierko b. ca 1868 - d. 1901.

Above Kazimierz Chrapowicki 1817 - 1881, son of Michal Mikolaj Chrapowicki and Joanna Radwan-Okuszko, was husband of Adela and father of Włodzimierz Chrapowicki and Edward Chrapowicki.
Kazimierz Chrapowicki, Major General of the Russian army; his wife Adelaide Ciechanowiecki had mentioned sons,
Vladimir and Edward.
Adelaide that is Adela Ciechanowiecka b. 1823.

Vladimir Chrapowicki, general of the Russian army, married in 1881 to Marya Kossakowska, daughter of Stanisław Kossakowski and Aleksandra Chodkevičiai / Alexandra Chodkiewicz, with
daughter Alexandra and their sons,
Ignacy, born in 1884;
Sigismund born in 1885;
Jozef Chrapowicki, born in 1887;
and Stanisław, born in 1891.
Edward Chrapowicki, the colonel of the Russian Imperial Army, married in 1879 to Leopoldine Lachnicki, daughter of Ignacy, general of the imperial Russian army.

3) Eustachy Chrapowicki b. 1790, m. in 1810 to Amelia Gorska 1793-1866, daughter of
Stanisław August Gorski b. 1745 and
Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1767-1796;

his children:
a. Ignacy Antoni, Marschall of the Witebsk gov., 1817-1893 m. Salomea Czechowicz b. 1830 with
aa. Michał Chrapowicki b. 1860 + Józefa Śmigielska with Ignacy Michał Chrapowicki 1888-1969 and Stanisław Chrapowicki b. 1900;
ab. Maria Chrapowicka 1862-1887;
ac. Jadwiga Maria Chrapowicka 1863-1942 m. Teofil Stanisław Plater-Zyberk 1862-1918 with
Marian Plater-Zyberk b. 1891 and
Ignacy Emil Plater-Zyberk 1893-1973;
Henryk Plater-Zyberk 1894-1920;
Ireneusz Plater-Zyberk 1896-1946;
ad. Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930 m. Maria Jaksa-Dębicka 1863-1909 with
Eustachy Marian Chrapowicki 1892-1937; Antonina Chrapowicka 1894-1978; Witold Chrapowicki 1900-1964; Ignacy Chrapowicki b. 1900;
Maria Chrapowicka;
b. Amela Julia Chrapowicka 1820-1866 m. Aloizy Swołyński of Kniażyce b. 1830 with
Amelia Swołyńska 1858-1890 + Michał Benisławski 1860-1933 with
Michał Benisławski 1884-1971,
Juliusz Benisławski 1885-1972,
Jadwiga Benisławska 1890-1926.

About Kochanowicze / Kochanavichi of the Chrapowicki family, Asveja, Stara Swolna (Malkiewicz), Zaborze / Zaborje, Holubowo palace of Zarako Zarakowski and Kniaziewo or Kniażyce / Княжыцы, Княжицы, Kniażyce, Kniažycy; the Swolna estate of Zarako-Zarakowski - here Konstantynowicz also:
Kochanowicz to Zaborze - 11 km south-east; Kochanowicz to Holubowo south-east ca 14 km; Zaborze to Holubowo 3 km south-west; Kochanowicz to Stara Swolna - south-east ca 9 km; Kochanowicz to the Swolna estate ca 10 km south-east.
Verkhnyadzvinsk / Dryssa to Kochanowicze north-east ca 18 km.

Count Jozef Zarakowski / Zarako - Zarakovski. Born ca 1833 (like Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833), owner of Holubowo palace, Kniaziewo estate, big Swolna lands, Wasilewo village in the Dryssa ujezd, the Witebsk government, Russia.
His wife Teofila.

c. Maria Tekla Kazimiera Chrapowicka 1826-1887 m. Michał Józef Jan Niemirowicz-Szczytt b. 1828 with
Justynian Eustachy Józef Niemirowicz-Szczytt m. Franciszka Szemiot.
Stanisław August Gorski b. 1745 m. Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1767-1796, with mentioned above Amelia Gorska 1793-1866, that is Amelija Gorskaite m. Eustachijus Chrapovickis.
Eustachy Chrapowicki / Eustache, owner of Kochanowicze, Russian Marshal, m. Amelia Berg with three daughters, of whom
Marya married Michał Peak (?), and
Amela / Amela Julia Chrapowicka 1820-1866 m. Aloizy Swołyński b. 1830.
ALOJZY Swołyński b. ca 1820, d. after 1881, son of Trojan and Anna Korsak, owner of Kniażyce close to Swolna, and Rozalin, office in the Dryssa county, the Marshal of this county in 1881,
m. 1st in 1851 to Konstancja Roszkowska and
2nd to above Julia Chrapowicka b. ca 1835 ? died 1866, daughter of Eustachy of Kochanowicze, and Amelia Gorska;
Julia had daughter Amelia.
Ignacy Chrapowicki, owner of Kochanowicze, Marshal of Goverment of Vitebsk, m. Salomea Czechowicz, with his son,
Maryan, m. to Maria Debicka in 1887 in Krakow, and
his daughters, Marya and
Jadwiga m. Teofil Zyberg - Plater.

Józef Chrapowicki, son of Dominik Chrapowicki, and his brother Eustachy Chrapowicki, as Army Major General; Member of Smolensk, Polotsk Province on the election of King Stanisław August. In 1765, a judge of the Smolensk land, office in Mścisław in 1784; inf. of 1786, 1785, 1787, 1774 owner of Dworzno; 1791, m. Helena Suffczynska, childless.

Dominik Chrapowicki b. circa 1700, d. 1729, husband of Rozalia Rypińska, father of Eustachy Chrapowicki; Jan Chrapowicki;
his son Eustachy Chrapowicki, the judge in Polotsk, in 1765 the Swolna estate owner;
with Balbina Pakoszówna had a
son Piotr Celestine Chrapowicki; who bought Sielut in 1805, served the Russian Army, m. Helena Górecka with his
son Michał, Marshal of the province of Vitebsk, married to Countess Lidia Apraksin.
His sons:
Aleksander, an officer of the Russian Chevalier;
N. Teplov; and
Dimitri married with lady of the Russian court.
We back to Józef Pakosz, 1690-1747 married Teresa Pakosz nee Despot - Zenowicz in 1722; Teresa was born in 1690. They had one daughter Balbina Chrapowicka.
Helena Chrapowicka in 1667 m. Karol Lisowski, colonel.
Anna Chrapowicka in the early eighteenth century m. Jan Lacki, Chamberlain of Samogitia;
Christine Chrapowicka m. Jozef Stefan Piotrowski 1721.

Maria Nikolayevna "Maya" Chrapovitsky Rand b. 1899 in Saint Petersburg; died in San Diego County in California, USA.
Her son - Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1927 - 2015).
Maya de Chrapovitsky was a Russian aristocrat who was born in St. Petersburg. She was the daugther of Count Nicolas de Chrapovitsky, who died in 1905, and of Margharita Taylor. 1925, New York, she married the wealthy Hugh Dudley Auchincloss Jr., having one son: Yusha. Yusha's parents divorced, and his father wed Nina Gore, mother of novelist Gore Vidal. That marriage ended, too, after less than six years. Maya died in 1990.
Maya had a son, Charles, by Elbridge Rand. Charles was the half-brother of Hugh Auchinclos; her son, Charles Rand, lived at her house in La Jolla, California. When she met Auchincloss, she was working as a waitress.
Hugh Dudley AUCHINCLOSS Jr. born 1897 in Newport, R.I.; died 1976 in Washington, D.C.; he married Maya de CHRAPOVITSKY in 1925; GORE, Nina; LEE, Janet Norton.
Hugh Dudley AUCHINCLOSS III was born in 1927. Hugh D. Auchincloss III (Yusha) was Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis' step-brother and close personal friend. After his father married Janet Lee Bouvier in June 1942, Yusha, and Jackie, spent summers together at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island, and corresponded extensively until her death in 1994.

Adamson was the first to publish letters betweeen the de Mohrenschildts to President Kennedy, Jacqueline Kennedy BOUVIER, Vice-President Lyndon Baines Johnson, CIA Directors Allen Dulles and George H. W. Bush.

GEORGE DE MOHRENSCHILDT who was born in Mozyr / Mozyrz, and escaped with family to Poland, in 1939 worked for Humble Oil in Houston, Texas. 1944 moved to Texas, applied at Colorado School of Mines, Rice Institute and University of Texas. Worked in Venezuela. George in 1946 returned to the United States. Went to work for Rangely Field Committee in Colorado; met Phyllis Washington during vacation in New York. 1947 went to Haiti.
After Second World War George de Mohrenschildt advanced within State Department, CIA and governmental circles. George H. W. Bush knew George de Mohrenschildt since 1942.
Allen Dulles knew de Mohrenschildt's brother in 1953.
George knew Jackie Kennedy and her mother Janet Bouvier in 1938, also knew Mrs. Kennedy's dress designer Oleg Cassini and his brother Igor. George was business partners with Mohamed Al Fayed in 1964. Fayed had an affair with Alexandra de Mohrenschildt and James Angleton of the CIA was interested in this.

Samuel Walter Washington father-in-law to George de Mohrenschildt, was in charge of more than 250 CIA agents between 1950-53, but George was Lee Harvey Oswald's closest friend. Mr. Washington worked with Allen Dulles, Frank Wisner, Robert P. Joyce, J. Caldwell King and other top CIA officials. In 1953 future Warren Commissioner Allen Dulles was working with the father-in-law of George de Mohrenschildt in the Guatemala Coup. S. W. Washington worked for the State Department from 1926 to 1954; Washington had been assigned to CIA from the Foreign Service in September 1950.

Washington's step-daughter, Fifi / Phyllis married von George / Jurij / Yuri de Mohrenschildt on July 11, 1948 or in 1947. In 1949 he divorced from Phyllis Washington. Washington was descended to the brothers of first President George Washington. This would have been on both his mother and father's side of the family. George then married Wynne Sharples. 1952 terminated partnership with Ed Hooker, returned to New York. Formed Walden Oil Co. with wife's uncle, Col. Edward J. Walz. Traveled to Nigeria, France, Mexico on oil exploration, also Ghana, Togo, Cuba, in Yugoslavia for International Cooperation Administration and Yugoslav Government. Met Jeanne Le Gon in Dallas. Visited Poland for 10 days. Visited Dominican Embassy in Washington; 1959 or 1960 moved to Mexico City for Texans Eastern Corp. and encountered Mikoyan. Early 1962 he went to Haiti; returned to Luisiana, began geology consulting work in Dallas.
Summer 1962 told by George Bouhe of Oswald; went with Colonel Orlov to visit Oswalds; introduced him to Samuel Ballen in December 1962 or January 1963.
George's brother, Dimitri Mohrenschildt was the founder of the CIA's Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty; Dimitri died in 2002.
Three days after Allen Dulles took over as CIA Director in February of 1953 he was writing to Dimitri Mohrenschildt - the brother of Lee Harvey Oswald's pal, George de Mohrenschildt.
Since 1953 future Warren Commisioner Allen Dulles had been working with George de Mohrenschildt's brother Dimitri and his father-in-law.

In 1920, Ferdinand's (von Mohrenschildt) nephew Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, the older brother of George, arrived in the United States and entered Yale University. His admission was likely smoothed by the connections of the Harriman family; Dimitri von Mohrenschildt after graduating from Yale, was offered a position teaching the exclusive Loomis School near Hartford, Connecticut, where John D. Rockefeller III was a student. There, Dimitri became friendly with Roland and Winifred Betty Cartwright Holhan Hooker;
Dimitri served the Office of Strategic Services, later cofounding Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. In 1941, Dimitri also founded a magazine, the Russian Review, and later became a professor at Dartmouth.
Dimitri in the summer of 1936 traveled to Europe, followed a week later by Betty Hooker. The relationship between Bush and Hooker lasted for three decades, until 1967, when Hooker died. 1937, Betty Hooker and Dimitri von Mohrenschildt married. By then, Dimitri had been hired by Henry Luce as a stringer for Time magazine. Meanwhile, Dimitri's younger brother, George, had been living with their family in Wilno; in May 1938, George arrived from Europe to US and lived with his brother and new sister-in-law in their Park Avenue apartment.
Future Warren Commissioner, CIA Director Allen Dulles' knew George de Mohrenschildt's brother Dimitri. He wrote to Dimitri three days after he took over the office as CIA Director in Feb. 1953.
Allen Dulles' uncle Robert Lansing and de Mohrenschildt's grandfather-by-marriage, William Gibbs McAdoo co-founded the Secret Service together during the Woodrow Wilson administration.

In 1964 Allen Dulles interrogated the de Mohrenschildts' for more than 250 pages during The Warren Commission Report and Dulles did not think the public should know about his ties to de Mohrenschildt; Allen Dulles dated Mary Bancroft who was the best friend of Michael Paine's mother, Ruth Forbes Paine. It was Michael who put the Oswalds' up in his home; his wife found him a job.
See http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html

At http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ we read:
"... Zbigniew Brzezinski is Barack Obama's foreign policy advisor. ... Brzezinski was the national security advisor for President Carter from 1977 to 1981. In 1988 he endorsed H. W. Bush for President and was Co-Chair of the H. W. Bush national security advisory task force. From 1987 to 1989 he also served on the H. W. Bush's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. Clinton Secretary of State Madeline Albright was a student of Brzezinski's. G. W. Bush Secretary of State, Condi Rice (also a former national security advisor), who studied under Albright's father, shares many of the same world government views with Brzezinski and Albright...".
"...this is not an argument that David Rockefeller first invented Jimmy Carter around 1971, arranged for Zbigniew Brzezinski to train him in global politics, and then rigged his nomination and election. ... The second Rockefeller connection - more obvious, less noted - was the Trilateral Commission. The Trilateral Commission was David Rockefeller's brain ­ child ... The commission was conceived in 1972 as a private vehicle for planning the industrial world's course out of the international monetary crisis (and John Connally's cowboy responses) of that period, away from the 'Nixon shocks' that had troubled Japan ... Jimmy Carter had been the one Democratic governor chosen among sixty North American members of the Trilateral Commission in 1973...".
"...Patrick Wood, author of 'Trilaterals Over Washington', points out there are only 87 members of the Trilateral Commission who live in America. Obama appointed eleven of them to posts in his administration. For example: Tim Geithner, Treasury Secretary; James Jones, National Security Advisor; Paul Volker, Chairman, Economic Recovery Committee; Dennis Blair, Director of National Intelligence. Several other noteworthy Trilateral members: George H. W. Bush; Bill Clinton; Dick Cheney; Al Gore. Keep in mind that the original stated goal of the TC was to create 'a new international economic order'. In the run-up to his inauguration after the 2008 presidential election, Obama was tutored by the co-founder of the Trilateral Commission, Zbigniew Brzezinski ...".

Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski, geostrategist, served to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 to 1968 and to President Jimmy Carter 1977 - 1981. Brzezinski belongs to the school of Halford Mackinder and Nicholas J. Spykman.
Sir Halford John Mackinder b. 1861, was a member of the Coefficients dining club, set up in 1902 by the Fabian campaigners Sidney and Beatrice Webb; in 1919 said: "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; Who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; Who rules the World Island commands the World," to warn of the possibility of another major war like by John Maynard Keynes; Mackinder was anti-Bolshevik, and as British High Commissioner in Southern Russia in late 1919 and early 1920.
Nicholas John Spykman b. 1893, known as the "godfather of containment," arguing that the balance of power in Eurasia directly affected United States security [1943/1944]; he thought that it was in U.S. interests to leave Germany strong after World War II in order to be able to counter Russia's power.
Again to ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI - before his government service, Brzezinski was on the faculty of Harvard University (1953-60) and Columbia University (1960-69), worked on a doctorate with Merle Fainsod [ca 1951 ? - 1953].
Merle Fainsod (1907 - 1972) was an American political scientist, worked on public administration; in 1932, "Fainsod traveled to the Soviet Union on a Sheldon Fellowship, gaining his first exposure to the country. In 1933, he returned to the United States and began teaching in the government department at Harvard"! He was chosen as a staff member for the Brownlow Committee in 1936. The President's Committee on Administrative Management, known as the Brownlow Committee, was a committee that in 1937 recommended changes to the executive branch of the United States government, resulted in the creation of the Executive Office of the President with Louis Brownlow, Charles Merriam, and Luther Gulick. "... Some of the most important recommendations from the council include creating aides to the President ... ". Note at margin: Willard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908) was an American philosopher, appointed a Harvard Junior Fellow, in 1932 - 1933, he travelled in Europe thanks to a Sheldon fellowship, meeting Alfred Tarski, Rudolf Carnap and A. J. Ayer.
We back to Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI: in 1960 Brzezinski was an advisor to the John F. Kennedy, "urging a non-antagonistic policy toward Eastern European governments, predicted the future breakup of the Soviet Union along lines of nationality"; Brzezinski continued to argue for and support detente for the next few years; Brzezinski continued to support engagement with Eastern European governments; 1966 to 1968, Brzezinski served as a member of the Policy Planning Council of the U.S. Department of State for the President Johnson; in 1968, an events in Czechoslovakia further reinforced Brzezinski's criticisms of the right's aggressive stance toward Eastern European governments.
By Lisa Barron: "... After the September 11 attacks in 2001, Brzezinski was criticized for the role he played in the 1980s, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, in the formation of the Afghan Mujahideen network, some of whom later formed the Taliban and al Qaeda. He maintained that the blame should be directed at the Soviet Union. He was a leading critic of George W. Bush's war on terror and wrote two books condemning Bush's foreign policy. ... In August, 2007, Brzezinski endorsed then Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama. ... In endorsing him, Brzezinski said 'What makes Obama attractive to me is that he understands that we live in a very different world where we have to relate to a variety of cultures and people'. ... Brzezinski is pro-Israel, he is a so-called Liberal Zionist ...".



Introduction and brief guide on how to read this page about the secret network around our world.

A speech [April 1961] of the President J. F. Kennedy:

"... I want to talk about our common responsibilities in the face of a common danger. ... The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. ... Today no war has been declared - and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired. ... For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations. Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined.

Its dissenters are silenced, not praised.

No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed,

no secret is revealed.

... and the question remains whether those restraints need to be more strictly observed if we are to oppose this kind of attack as well as outright invasion...".

In his speech [April 1961] President Kennedy addresses his discontent with the press's news coverage before, and during, and after the Bay of Pigs incident, suggesting there is a need for "far greater public information" and "far greater official secrecy". April the 28th, 1961 we read on the 'JFK Tells of Red Menace',
"President Kennedy told the nations newspaper publishers Thursday night that no formally declared war ever posed as great a threat to American security as does the rampant worldwide menace of communism. In view of this deadly challenge, he urged newspapers across the land to re-examine their obligations in the light of global danger and, in presenting the news, to heed the duty of self-restraint. Kennedy ... speaking at the annual Waldorf-Astoria dinner of the Bureau of Advertising of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, suggested there is a need for greater public information, and at the same time a need for greater official secrecy...".
On April 28, 1961, President Kennedy explained what is meant by the term: "The Communist conspiracy". We read The Address in Chicago at a Dinner of the Democratic Party of Cook County on April 28, 1961:
"Mayor Daley, Governor Kerner, Senator Douglas, Congressman Dawson, Chairman Cullerton ... ladies and gentlemen: ... We live in a hazardous and dangerous time. ... Now our great responsibility is to be the chief defender of freedom, in this time of maximum danger. Only the United States has the power and the resources and the determination. We have committed ourselves to the defense of dozens of countries stretched around the globe who look to us for independence, who look to us for the defense of their freedom. We are prepared to meet our obligations, but we can only defend the freedom of those who are determined to be free themselves. ... The Russians and the Chinese, containing within their borders nearly a billion people, totally mobilized for the advance of the Communist system, operating from narrow, interior lines of communication, pressuring on Southeast Asia with the masses of the Chinese armies potentially ready to move-of the Russians who hold great power potentially in the Middle East and Western Europe ... There is no easy answer to the dilemmas that we face. Our great ally is the fact that people do desire to be free, that people will sacrifice everything in their desire to maintain their independence. And as the true nature of the Communist conspiracy becomes better known around the globe, when people come to realize - as they surely will - that the Communist advance does not represent a means of liberation but represents a final enslavement, then I believe that they will rally to the cause to which we have given our support and our commitment".

The operation named the Bay of Pigs was launched in April 1961; the Cuban armed forces destroyed the invading force within three days; this failed action has caused repercussions among the leaders of the CIA, and were dismissed in autumn 1961, among others,
Director Allen Dulles, also
CIA Deputy Director Charles Cabell, and
Deputy Director for Plans Richard Mervin Bissell Jr.; on November 29th, 1961, the White House released about a resignation letter signed by Dulles.

Mentioned above Bissell moved after 1949 to Washington, where he associated with a group of journalists and politicians: Frank Wisner, George Kennan, Dean Acheson, Desmond FitzGerald, Joseph Alsop, Stewart Alsop, Tracy Barnes, Walt Rostow, Eugene Rostow, Cord Meyer, James Angleton, W. Averell Harriman, John McCloy, Felix Frankfurter, Allen W. Dulles, and Paul Nitze. In September 1960, Bissell and Allen W. Dulles, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, initiated talks with Johnny Roselli and Sam Giancana. Later, with Carlos Marcello, Santo Trafficante, Jr. and Meyer Lansky became involved in plot against Castro. Meyer Lansky, original name Maier Suchowljansky born in Grodno, or Meier Suchowlanski, moved to the United States through the port of Odessa. Bissell became head of the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) in 1962. IDA was a Pentagon think tank set up to evaluate weapons systems. After Bissell was Richard McGarrah Helms as head of the Institute for Defense Analyses who served as the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973. Helms began intelligence work with the Office of Strategic Services.

Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.

"...Lenin was preceded by a Swiss spy named Pierre Gilliard who was hired to tutor the Romanov children in French. Charles Sydney Gibbes was their English tutor. The Revolution was planned in London and Geneva... Both men were MI6 operatives (this is an opinion of Scrivener) and they could be relied upon to maintain strict secrecy as to the final fate of the Romanovs...", acc. to Patrick Scrivener.

The four daughters of Tsar Nicholas II spoke English with a slight Belfast accent, wrote Gareth Russell, historian. " The Emperor's four daughters had a Belfast nanny, Margaretta Eager / Margaretta Alexandra Eagar, ... along with their English tutor, a Scotsman called Mr Epps. When the Russian Imperial Family visited relatives in Britain, the girls' great-uncle, King Edward VII, was amused at the regional twangs they had picked up when they spoke English. The Tsarina quickly brought onboard another English tutor, Sydney Gibbes...". Margaretta Alexandra Eagar, from Limerick, 1898 until 1904 a nanny at the Russian Court. Margaretta / Margaret Alexandra Eagar b. 1863, an Irishwoman, 1906 she wrote a memoir entitled 'Six Years at the Russian Court'; she was born to a Protestant couple, Francis McGillycuddy Eagar and Frances Margaret Holden; a medical nurse in Belfast, nurse to the daughters of Nicholas II in 1898.

This structure had a military - intelligence - political nature. This structure created for decades the leading politicians, and drove to the spectacular political internationally events. The mystery of the complicated machines - several octopuses - caused the birth of conspiracy theories, such theories and journalism as Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay b. 1894.

For a 100 years such theories indicate specified states, as well as some nations or particular politicians, as drivers of the intelligence structure - this situation lasts from 1916 to today, May 2016.

The answer to the above question at the moment is gone.

In the history of Tsarist Russia, it is difficult to find a details, because there is difficult to get to archives of a special services and political institutions.

Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. It used French families located in Switzerland, Ceylon, France, Russia. Scottish and Irish families combined to Naples and Marseille, Ceylon, Odessa and Japan; Russians, English and Pilsudski entered by Japan to Ceylon; parallel from Odessa the Zionist movement came out founding a base of the state of Israel. Odessa has paired their to Berezino, Ireland - Japan - Ceylon.
And the whole system took over the movement of German from Estonia, and underground combat movement of Pilsudski, combining the objectives of the independence of these two states: Poland / Lithuania / Belarus + Estonia / Latvia, and as I wrote above Israel. Then they created a counterintelligence and intelligence of new Bolshevik Russia and the USSR. It already was a masterpiece, but totally wrecked by Stalin in 1937 - have to say that in this case, Stalin was a genius.
At the end, a part of that intelligence system of Soviet Union took over the colony by building its so-called People's Polish Republic and the Ministry of Defence, through affinitized of the Konstantynowiczs: the Jaroszewicz, Spychalski, Zarako Zarakowski families and friendly Swierczewski family.
Interesting in all of this is the use of Frenchmen to the creation of this system, most moved on the Konstantynowiczs - not so completely. This is the connection: Waclaw Sieroszewski a colleague of Azbelev, who was in Nagasaki - his brother is a director of the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz; so, the Nobel family with Sydney Reilly, an Irishman and a Jew from Odessa - this is the same family of Nobel, where one of the brothers was the head of the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - this is short way to the Swedish Enigma!
Waclaw Sieroszewski of course was mate to a brother of Jozef Pilsudski - Bronislaw, which of course anchored in Nagasaki, and then here sailed Reilly.
One very interesting figure - erased from history: Nikolay Russel / N. K. Sudzilovskiy / Sudzilowski from the Mscislaw district.
It's amazing that the October Revolution in 1917, which swept the Russian Empire, allowing the reconstruction of Poland, broke out just on the anniversary of the death of Tadeusz Kosciuszko, exactly the 100th anniversary of his death, and around Lenin appeared figures of the Polish nobility, which adopted a sense of the Kosciuszko Polish patriotism. "Instead, after the fall of Napoleon's empire in 1815 he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I in Braunau. In return for his prospective services, Kosciuszko demanded social reforms and territorial gains for Poland, which he wished to reach as far as the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east".
On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.
Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.
The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities.
This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland.
Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.
Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski was father of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI. Above named EDMUND b. 1829, in Dzierżynowo, d. 1872, m. HELENA JANUSZEWSKA, daughter of JANUSZEWSKI and KAZIMIERA JANUSZEWSKA [see Ignacy Januszewski 1804-1875, and Kazimiera Gorecka b. 1806, died 1897. See PILAR von PILCHAU of Parnu / PARNAWA!].
Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902, + Maria Billewicz 1842-1884 has 12 children, among others:
Helena Pilsudski b. 1864 d. 1917,
Zofia Kadenacy b. 1865, d. 1935 + Boleslaw Kadenacy,
Bronislaw Pilsudski [see Japan, Sieroszewski, Azbelev, Duflon...],
MARSHAL Józef Pilsudski 1867-1935,
Adam Pilsudski b. 1869,
Kazimierz Pilsudski,
and Maria nee Pilsudska, Juchniewiczowa / Juchniewicz b. 1873, d. 1921 + Cezary Juchniewicz.
Antoni Jerzy Bułhak / Antoni Bułhak b. 1898 in Zawoloczyce, married to Wanda Bułhak nee Juchniewicz daughter of Cezary Juchniewicz and above named Maria Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska, b. 1873 (d. 1921, her mother Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz).
MARIA was daughter of above named Józef Wincenty Piotr Piłsudski, b. 1833; and her brother was mentioned Józef Klemens Piłsudski b. 1867.
Above Antoni Jerzy Bulhak was son of Aldona Kojałłowicz (Bułhak) Dzierzynska b. 1870 [sister of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI b. 1877 in Oziemblowo] + Gedymin Jerzy Bułhak 1856-1908;
grandson of Edmund Rufin Dzierżyński and Helena JANUSZEWSKA b. 1849 d. 1896 [daughter of Ignacy Januszewski and Kazimiera GORECKA. HELENA was sister of ZOFIA 1836-1920 married Stanisław Pilar von Pilchau !],
and also Aniela Ostromęcka + Rudolf Jerzy Bułhak born 1824.

Russia was the only country interested in depriving of England colonies in North America (1776), and in broken down of France from the core (1789); Russia, which began the race for colonies in the Central and North Asia (the way to India and China), and America (the 18th cent. - Alaska, Oregon, California);
Russia in the second half of the 18th century began conquer of the Central Europe, including the destruction of Poland (1795) and Turkey.
Secret societies were the Russian (Freemasonry, Illuminati, Templars) best tools in infiltrating opposition against the monarchs of England and France (and against the Catholic Church).
The Masonic conspiracy theories said the "...Freemasonry overlaps with, or is controlled by, the Illuminati, especially in the higher degrees; Illuminati Freemasons secretly control many major aspects of society and government and are working to establish the New World Order. Some conspiracy theories involving the Freemasons and the Illuminati also include the Knights Templar and Jews as part of the supposed plan for universal control of society. This type of conspiracy theory was described as early as 1792 ... the Masons are either intimately connected to or (conversely) in conflict with the Illuminati regarding a plot to control several countries."

"The first President of the United States, George Washington believed that the Illuminati intended to separate the people from their government in his letters in the Library of Congress. The original manuscript is on the Library of Congress website...", acc. to Greg Scott:
"Mount Vernon, October 24, 1798. Revd Sir: I ... It was not my intention to doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am. The idea that I meant to convey, was, that I did not believe that the Lodges of Free Masons in this Country had, as Societies, endeavoured to propagate the diabolical tenets of the first, or pernicious principles of the latter (if they are susceptible of seperation). That Individuals of them may have done it, or that the founder, or instrument employed to found, the Democratic Societies in the United States, may have had these objects; and actually had a seperation of the People from their Government in view, is too evident to be questioned".
Greg Scott:
"Essentially what he is saying is that he does not doubt that the doctrines of the Bavarian Illuminati, as created by Adam Weishaupt in 1776, (which was used to infiltrate Freemasonry) had spread in the United States in fact he says, 'On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am'...".
Matthew Dorry:
"This is a nonsense interpretation of the letter. George Washington's words, 'It was NOT my intention to doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobinism had NOT spread in the United States', were a double-negative, and express that he was dubious of the spread of the Illuminati and the Jacobins. And when he says, 'On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am', he's affirming that he's glad that the Illuminati and Jacobin ideals hadn't spread. This is directly confirmed by the very next paragraph that YOU quote, in which G. W. refers to the Doctrines of the Illuminati as 'diabolical tenets', and Jacobinism as having 'pernicious principles'. On the whole, he's expressing that although it cannot be doubted that certain individuals had entered Freemasonry lodges with the intent of spreading those principles, he didn't think that whole lodges in America were spreading them. He's making a very clear distinction between the Bavarian Illuminati and Jacobins, and American Freemasonry. So much for people reading these things only once and misunderstanding the language of the letter."
Above text under copyright by http://consciouslifenews.com/.

Thomas Jefferson on the Illuminati - a letter on January 31, 1800:
"I have lately by accident got a sight of a single volume ... of the Abbe Barruel's Antisocial conspiracy, which gives me the first idea I have ever had of what is meant by the Illuminatism against which 'illuminate Morse' as he is now called, and his ecclesiastical and monarchical associates have been making such a hue and cry. Barruel's own parts of the book are perfectly the ravings of a Bedlamite. But he quotes largely from Wishaupt whom he considers as the founder of what he calls the order. As you may not have had an opportunity of forming a judgment of this cry of 'mad dog' which has been raised against his doctrines, I will give you the idea I have formed from only an hour's reading of Barruel's quotations from him, which you may be sure are not the most favorable. Wishaupt seems to be an enthusiastic Philanthropist. ... As Wishaupt lived under the tyranny of a despot and priests, he knew that caution was necessary even in spreading information, and the principles of pure morality. He proposed therefore to lead the Free masons to adopt this object and to make the objects of their institution the diffusion of science and virtue. He proposed to initiate new members into his body by gradations proportioned to his fears of the thunderbolts of tyranny. This has given an air of mystery to his views, was the foundation of his banishment, the subversion of the masonic order, and is the colour for the ravings against him of Robinson, Barruel and Morse, whose real fears are that the craft would be endangered by the spreading of information, reason, and natural morality among men. This subject being new to me, I have imagined that if it be so to you also, you may receive the same satisfaction in seeing, which I have had in forming the analysis of it: and I believe you will think with me that if Wishaupt had written here, where no secrecy is necessary in our endeavors to render men wise and virtuous, he would not have thought of any secret machinery for that purpose."

For the first time in the world in November 2015, more than 50 years after the death of Kennedy, I present connections between structures in Europe that I was researching, and the most important figures of American history, Thomas Jefferson b. 1743, and John Fitzgerald Kennedy born 1917, that is a group of German noble clans from Estonia and Polish families from the province of Minsk in Belarus, which led to the disintegration of Russia in 1917 and among other things, to independence of the Baltic states and Poland in 1918.

In 1800, "John Quincy Adams opposed Thomas Jefferson for the presidency and wrote three letters to Colonel William L. Stone, exposing how Jefferson was using Masonic Lodges for subversive Illuminati purposes. The information contained in those letters is credited with winning Adams the election. The letters were held in the Rittenburg Square Library, in Philadelphia". 1801-1809, Thomas Jefferson, 3rd. President of the United States; confirmed Illuminati, may have been a Member of Charlottesville Lodge No. 90; a member of the Lodge of the Nine Muses in Paris and the Beenan Order / Order of the Bees, known outside Bavaria as the Illuminati. Thomas Jefferson acted with Vice President George Clinton, 1805-1809, Mason and Illuminati. George Clinton, vice president to Thomas Jefferson, was De Wit Clintons Uncle - Clinton was born in Little Britain, Province of New York, immigrants who left County Longford, Ireland, in 1729 to escape an Anglican regime; George was tutored by a local Scottish clergyman. "Evidence usually cited to peg Thomas Jefferson as a member of the Illuminati is based on one letter he wrote to Bishop James Madison in January 1800. ... It should be pointed out, as an aside, that the Bishop James Madison to whom the letter was written was not President James Madison (they were cousins)...".
Thomas Jefferson, ambassador in Paris, was familiar enough with Jacques Pierre Brissot or Jean Pierre Brissot to note, 'Warville is returned charmed with our country. He is going to carry his wife and children to settle there'. Alas for Brissot, such an emigration never happened. 1789, Brissot was member of the Jacobin Club, of the Legislative Assembly, and later of the National Convention. Brissot was against the decision to execute the King. Jacques Pierre Brissot or Jean Pierre Brissot (1754 - 1793), was a leading member of the Girondist movement during the French Revolution. Brissot was born at Chartres; a lawyer at Paris; married Felicite Dupont (1759 - 1818), who translated English works; they lived in London; started in London a paper, Journal du Lycee de Londres; he paid a visit to the United States in 1788.

Jefferson wrote to Rabout de St. Etienne, on June 3, 1789; Rabout later was a member and president of the National Assembly, and shared the fate of the Girondins.

In 1776, Kosciuszko moved to North America, where he took part in the American Revolutionary War; back to Poland in 1784, as a major general in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army in 1789; Polish-Russian War of 1792; 1796, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and he emigrated to the United States; close friend of Thomas Jefferson, returned to Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798. Kosciuszko remained politically active in Polish circles in France, and in 1799, he joined the Society of Polish Republicans, but October 17 and November 6, 1799, he met with Napoleon Bonaparte.

We back to USA and Thomas Jefferson who called Tadeusz Kosciuszko "the purest among the sons of liberty".
Thomas Jefferson b. 1743 was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801 - 1809).
"However, there is some evidence that indicates he may have been a Mason and that he attended Masonic meetings. Dr. Joseph Guillotin reported that he attended meetings at the prestigious Lodge of Nine Muses in Paris, France - the same lodge attended by Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, and John Paul Jones. He marched in a Masonic procession with Widow's Son Lodge No. 60 and Charlottesville Lodge No. 90 on October 6, 1817, and participated in laying the cornerstone for Central College (now known as the University of Virginia)"; acc. to http://toddecreason.blogspot.co.uk/2011/ by Todd E. Creason in 2011.
"I see him OFTEN, ... He is as pure a son of liberty, as I have ever known, ... and of that liberty which is to go to all, and not to the few or rich alone. Thus did Thomas Jefferson describe his new-found friend General Kosciuszko in 1798. Kosciuszko had left his native Poland in 1776 to join the American patriots ... Jefferson had scarcely known him then, but when he returned to his adopted fatherland for a second time in 1797 the two men became close friends and saw each other, for a time, almost daily.
Kosciuszko travelled in 1796 / 1797 from Russia to Sweden with his secretary J. U. Niemcewicz and with cheerful officer, Libiszewski who often had to carry the General; [Libiszowski / Libiszewski willingly performed this service. In Sweden, Kosciuszko was listening to Libiszewski playing the guitar at his bedside and to a concert organised in his honour by the best musicians; in Philadelphia was a musician in orchestra. He died - still young - of fever in Cuba. In 1892 the Sosnowski manor from Waleria Niepokójczycki, bought Alfons Libiszowski. In Libiszow is the Libiszowski manor, 'Rybakówka'; Libiszow is situated 5 km west of Sosnowica; east of Ostrow Lubelski].
The American newspapers followed with interest his triumphal fourney through Sweden and England. At Gothenburg, the principal inhabitants turned out to greet the Polish hero ... In London, the leaders, including Fox, Wilberforce, and Sheridan, waited on him. The members of the Whig Club had their president, General Banastre Tarleton, the former dashing cavalry commander who almost captured Jefferson during the American Revolution, present a sword worth 200 guineas to Kosciuszko as a public testimony of their sense of his exalted virtues and of his gallant, generous, and exemplary efforts to defend and save his country. Rufus King, the American Minister to Britain, arranged his passage to the United States. At Bristol, where the citizens presented him with a magnificent mahogany case of silver plate weighing more than 216 ounces, each piece inscribed "The Friends of Liberty in Bristol to the Gallant Kosciuszko", the General stayed in the home of the American Consul. ... Kosciuszko arrived at Philadelphia in August, 1797. ... him to the boarding house of Mrs. Loveson on Second Street. For the next few months, the leading citizens and several noble French emigres feted him. Later ... he visited his old friends General Anthony Walton White in New Brunswick, New Jersey, and General Horatio Gates just outside New York City. For a time Kosciuszko enjoyed a popular triumph similar to that Lafayette was to receive in 1824.
Portraits of him were sold in Philadelphia; ...
No one in Philadelphia saw the General more often than Vice-President Jefferson; he was with him almost daily, and, as Niemcewicz remarked, "Kosciuszko completely adhered to Jefferson." An amateur artist, he painted a small watercolor, probably in April, 1798, of Jefferson ... Since the General had never received full payment for his services in the Revolution, Jefferson helped him claim what was due. Oliver Wolcott, Secretary of the Treasury, paid him $12,280.54 principal and $2,947.33 in interest for the years 1785-1788. ... Jefferson also assisted in securing for Kosciuszko a 500-acre military land warrant, located on the Scioto River in what is today Columbus, Ohio. ... When young Niemcewicz late on the evening of May 4, 1798, returned to the house in Philadelphia where the General and he were staying, Kosciuszko swore him to secrecy and then dramatically informed him: "I leave this night for Europe."
... Jefferson arrived in a covered carriage; Kosciuszko was carried out and the carriage drove off to Newcastle. News that Polish emigre leaders were organizing Polish legions to fight with the Italian allies of Napoleon was Kosciuszko's chief reason for returning to France. He hoped that Poles who had been drafted into the Russian, Prussian, and Austrian armies would desert to join the legions, and that eventually they, with French aid, would re-establish the Polish state. By March, 1797, the Polish general Dombrowski had 2,000 men organized into the first legion. Kosciuszko, learning about the movement soon after his landing in America, had wanted to go to France immediately. The French Consul informed his government of this two days after the General's arrival ... on his arrival in Paris, the General told the officers of the Polish legions who welcomed him: "I want to be ever and inseparably with you. I want to join you to serve our common country. Like you I have fought for the country, like you I have suffered, like you I expect to regain it. This hope is the only solace of my life."
Jefferson, ... treated Kosciuszko as an informal envoy from the United States to France. Kosciuszko later wrote: "Jefferson considered that I would be the most effective intermediary in bringing an accord with France, so I accepted the mission even if without any official authorization." Jefferson helped him obtain a passport under the assumed name of Thomas Kanberg.
Kosciuszko, ... about securing his passage, frequently importuned Jefferson to hurry. ...
The two men agreed upon a cipher or code in which they could correspond, though, as it turned out, they did not actually use it. Kosciuszko gave Jefferson power of attorney to act for him in all business concerning his property in the United States ...
Dr. Benjamin Rush, his Philadelphia friend and physician, when reporting the General's wounds almost healed, though he would always limp slightly, had added: "Every step he takes will remind him of his patriotism and bravery." For the next twenty years, Jefferson and Kosciuszko corresponded, usually several times a year. Part of this exchange was over business. Although Jefferson had turned the General's funds over to John Barnes, an excellent Philadelphia banker... Through the years, Kosciuszko confined his letters chiefly to business. He usually wrote in French with considerable misspelling and bad grammar. Kosciuszko's opinion of Jefferson remained high. When the Virginian was nominated for the presidency, the Pole urged him to be "always good, true American a Philosopher and my Friend," and again: "Do not forget in your post be always the virtuous Republican with justice and probity without pomp and ambition in a word be Jefferson and my friend." ... When Kosciuszko returned to France in 1798, he wrote the Czar a strong letter, which he gave to the newspapers, revoking his oath not to resist him on the grounds that the Czar's ministers had exacted that promise by terror and against his free will. This letter infuriated Paul and resulted in reprisals against the families of leading Polish emigres, including Niemcewicz's. Kosciuszko served for a time as a kind of ambassador of the Polish legions with the French Directory; he was known as "chief of the Polish nation." Two legions based in Italy... and Kosciuszko helped organize a third unit, the Legion of the Danube.
After Napoleon assumed dictatorial powers under the coup d'etat of November, 1799, Kosciuszko developed a deep distrust of him. ... Napoleon had failed to meet his demands for an independent nation, a constitution based on the British model, and freedom and lands for the serfs. On the other hand, Julian Niemcewicz, who had married and settled in New Jersey, ... enlisted Jefferson's help in securing a passport to Poland so that he might fulfill "a sacred duty to hasten to my post, and join my feeble Services to those my Countrymen undertake." ... Kosciuszko sadly returned to exile, this time in Switzerland. In his letter of April, 1816, he explained to Jefferson what happened: Tsar Alexander promised me to enlarge the Duchy of Warsaw to the Dzwina [Dvina] and Dnieper, our former limits, but his ministers refused to carry out his generous and magnanimous plans, and unfortunately the Kingdom of Poland is smaller by a good third than the Duchy of Warsaw. Tsar Alexander pledged me a constitutional government liberal and independent and even to enfranchise our unfortunate serfs and give them their land. That alone would have immortalized him, but it went up in smoke. I am now at Soleure in Switzerland watching the Allied Powers in bad faith treating the little states unjustly and acting toward their own subjects as wolves with sheep. In the last letter Kosciuszko wrote Jefferson, in September, 1817, he added: "I am the one true Pole in Europe, all the others under the circumstances are the subjects of different foreign powers". ... Late in October, 1817, Frantz Xavier Zeltner, in whose home Kosciuszko lived at Soleure, wrote Jefferson that the General had died in his arms on October 15. Jefferson commented thus to Zeltner in reply: To no country could that event be more afflicting nor to any individual more than myself. I had enjoyed his intimate friendship and confidence for the last 20 years, and during the portion of that time which he spent in this country, I had daily opportunities of observing personally the purity of his virtue, the benevolence of his heart, and his sincere devotion to the cause of liberty...".
The above paper under copyright by EDWARD P. ALEXANDER, Williamsburg; Dr. Edward Porter Alexander (1907 - 2003) was an American historian, museum administrator, educator and author - by Wikipedia.

On Thomas Kanberg:
from Thomas Jefferson's letter to Carlos Martinez de Irujo, in March 1798, we read that Jefferson presents his compliments to the Chevalier d'Yrujo, and asks the favor of a passport for Thomas Kanberg, a friend of his, who is going to Europe on private business; he is a native of the North of Europe (perhaps of Germany); has been known to Th. Jefferson; whether he will take his passage from Baltimore or Philadelphia, depends on the fact from which place he can get the best convenience for going to some port in France. In 1795 the Spanish government named diplomat Carlos Fernando Martinez de Irujo, minister to the United States. For Jefferson's efforts to obtain travel papers for Tadeusz Kosciuszko as Thomas Kanberg, see the next letters to Philippe de Letombe and Robert Liston of 23 and 27 March 1798; Carlos Fernando Martinez de Irujo wrote back that the name of the port in Europe is left blank and may be filled up by Mr. Kanberg. Letombe replied to this letter that covered the requested passport and offered to send another in a different form if that would be more suitable 'a Monsieur Kanberg'; Robert Liston, was Great Britain's ambassador to the Ottoman Empire when, in 1796, his government appointed him ambassador to the United States. Liston replied that enclosed the requested passport and acknowledged that he 'shall be happy at all times to render every service in my power to any person in whom you are pleased to take an interest'.
Jefferson wrote letter to 'Thomas Kanberg', to GENERAL THADDEUS KOSCIUSKO, from PHILADELPHIA, in June 1798:
"DEAR SIR. Mr. Volney's departure for France gives me an opportunity of writing to you. I was happy in observing, for many days after your departure, that our winds were favorable for you. ... Your departure is not yet known, or even suspected. Niemcewicz / Niemsevioz was much affected. He is now at the federal city. He desired me to have some things taken care of for you. ... The times do not permit an indulgence in political disquisitions. But they forbid not the effusion of friendship, and not my warmest toward you, which no time will alter. ... True to a single object, the freedom and happiness of man, they have not veered about with the changelings and apostates...".

I am writing again -
Kosciuszko in 1783 was promoted by the Continental Congress to brigadier general. Returned to Poland in 1784. In 1796 after the death of Catherine the Great, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and emigrated to the United States again. Kosciuszko left for the United States, via Stockholm, Sweden and London, departing from Bristol on June 17, 1797, and arriving in Philadelphia. In March 1798, Kosciuszko received a letters from Europe with news that Polish General Jan Henryk Dabrowski was fighting in France under Napoleon and that Kosciuszko's sister had sent his two nephews in Kosciuszko's name to serve in Napoleon's ranks. Tadeusz Kosciuszko consulted Thomas Jefferson, who procured him a passport under a false name and arranged for his secret departure for France and to Russia. By Wikipedia: "Jefferson considered that I would be the most effective intermediary in bringing an accord with France, so I accepted the mission even if without any official authorization." Kosciuszko arrived in Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798.

The best friends of Kosciuszko in France after 1798 were the Zeltners;
Xaver Joseph Anton Zeltner born in 1764 in Solothurn, died 1835 in Saronno (Lombardy), close to Milano, Cath., son of Franz Anton, and Anna Maria de La Martiniere. Brother of Peter Josef; 1794 the Jesuit College of Solothurn. 1781-88 officer of the Swiss Guards in France. 1789 public notary in Solothurn, 1793-94 Governor in Lugano. Febr. 1798 arrested in Solothurn as a patriot, 1798-1800 government governor. 1802-03 the Consul in Paris. 1810-14 member of the Solothurn cantonal parliament, 1811-14 appellation judge. 1814 member of Government, then under arrest; at his residence (today the Kosciuszko Museum) lived 1815-17 the Polish freedom fighter Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Author: Peter F. Kopp.

Jefferson and Kosciuszko met in 1797 and became firm friends. Jefferson was a member of the American Philosophical Society for 35 years, ... founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin.
"...Agrippa Hull, a freeborn black New Englander, volunteered at eighteen to join the Continental Army. During the Revolution, Hull served Kosciuszko as an orderly, and the two became fast friends. ...
When Kosciuszko returned to America in the 1790s, bearing the wounds of his own failed revolution, he and Jefferson forged an intense friendship based on their shared dreams for the global expansion of human freedom.
They sealed their bond with a blood compact whereby Jefferson would liberate his slaves upon Kosciuszko's death. But Jefferson died without fulfilling the promise he had made to Kosciuszko...".

Acc. to: Somerset County Historical Quarterly:
When in 1798 Kosciuszko decided to leave the United States and return to the Russian-controlled sector of Poland, his friend Thomas Jefferson provided him with a passport in a false name and arranged for his secret departure to France. 1798 Kosciuszko wrote out a will, which he entrusted to Jefferson as executor. In September 1817, shortly before his death in October, he wrote a letter to Jefferson. Several years after Kosciuszko's death, Jefferson, aged 77, pleaded his inability to execute the will due to age and the numerous legal complexities of the bequest. Kosciuszko had made a total of four wills; within months after his death in October 1817, two other claims were made on his American estate; one by Kosciusko Armstrong and one by the Zeltner family. A representative of the Russian government also made inquiries. Kosciuszko went to France, first to Paris, where, two years later, in 1800, at the request of friends in America, he prepared a work 'Manoeuvers of Horse Artillery', which was published in Philadelphia in 1803, in New York in 1808, and in London in 1809.
Then Tadeusz Kosciuszko went into retirement in Berville, close to Fontainebleau, where he had one permanent friend, the Swiss Ambassador to France, Zeltner. There he devoted himself to the education of Zeltner's children, especially to Emily, Zeltner's youngest daughter, to whom he became godfather. And there he spent about twelve happy years (1802-1814), records of which are mostly lost to public knowledge. Napoleon solicited Kosciuszko's aid in his campaigns against Russia, but he refused the proffer. Paul I, and Paul's son, Alexander I, now on the throne, was his friend. When Alexander I was in Paris persuading him to accept the gift of money of Alexander's father. He at once decided to leave France, and take refuge in Switzerland. There he settled down at Soleure that is in Zuchwil / Zuchuil. This was not only Zeltner's birthplace, but there lived Zeltner's brother; there were spent the remaining four years of his life. He was buried at Soleure; made a formal request to Alexander, then King of Poland, that his remains be conveyed to Cracow and buried in the great Cathedral. Switzerland did not give up his heart from Zuchuil. But years afterward, when the elder Zeltners had passed away, the family of the Count Morosini, who had married Emily Zeltner, took up from the churchyard the little box, leaving, however, the monument, and it now is, in the Polish museum.
Copyright by Somerset County Historical Quarterly, PUBLICATION COMMITTEE: A. Van Doren Honeyman, James J. Bergen, Alexander G. Anderson, John F. Reger, Joshua Doughty, William W. Smalley.

We back to Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko, b. 1746, hero in Poland, Belarus, and the United States. As Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Forces, he led the 1794 Kosciuszko Uprising. Born in Mereczowszczyzna / Merechevschina, Belarus close to Kosów Poleski / Kosava; Kosciuszko was the youngest son of Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko, an officer in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army, and his wife Tekla, nee Ratomska. Kosciuszko moved to France in 1769 to studies, returned to Poland in 1774, returned to France. In 1776, Kosciuszko moved to North America, where he took part in the American Revolutionary War; back to Poland in 1784, as a major general in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army in 1789; Polish-Russian War of 1792; 1796, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and he emigrated to the United States; close friend of Thomas Jefferson, returned to Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798. Kosciuszko remained politically active in Polish circles in France, and in 1799, he joined the Society of Polish Republicans, but October 17 and November 6, 1799, he met with Napoleon Bonaparte; 1801, Kosciuszko settled in Breville, near Paris; Kosciuszko wrote a letter to Napoleon, and did not move to the Duchy of Warsaw; after the fall of Napoleon, he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I, in Paris and then in Braunau, Switzerland, demanded borders on the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east. In Vienna, Kosciuszko called new Poland as "a joke" of Russia; send letters to the Tsar, and left Vienna, moved to Solothurn, Switzerland.

Above named The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and Kosciuszko in Paris. The main activists were: Jan Orchowski / John Aloysius Orchowski, Raymond Rembielinski, Andrew Horodyski and Erasmus Mycielski.

Rajmund Rembielinski 1775 - 1841, MP, Freemason.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo, d. 1847 / 1857, politician, translator, freemason; the son of Anthony, of Kiev, and Justyna Marchocki; 1796 was an activist of Centralization of Lviv. 1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director, after E. Mycielski, of the Society of Polish Republicans, as Andrew Dumanski. In 1801, ran encrypted correspondence with H. Kollataja. In 1802, formed in Odessa the store of Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp.; also with P. Maleszewski, J. K. Szaniawski and J. Drzewiecki. In 1831 Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794, son of Aleksander Mycielski General; 1775 served the Regiment of Poninski. Captain 1788. Campaigns in 1792 took place in Lithuania. The Kosciuszko Uprising 1794. He was a member of the conspiracy, preparing the uprising of Kosciuszko; promoted by Tadeusz Kosciuszko. He was one of the founders of the Polish Society (1798). He was involved in the conspiracy in the Great Poland. Above Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy. Son of John, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski;
He was a friend of Joseph Alexander Sulkowski.

Above Aleksander Józef Sulkowski, 1695 - 1762, 1733-1738 the Saxon Electorate prime minister, Count and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, chamberlain of Augustus III, 1734 Saxon Infantry Major General, grew up at the royal court, was the closest adviser the King and Elector Augustus III. Prince Alexander Joseph died in Leszno in 1762, had a four sons from his first marriage.


A few apparently, clearly, and evidently incompatible and purposefully disinformation opinions on the Global Intelligence Network are below; each of the following opinion might seem true, were it not that Kennedy in April 1961 distinctly determines what the word 'conspiracy' is in his view; Kennedy clearly stated on the network of underground structures threatening to the civilized world. Thus a few explicitly incompatible but in some part the true opinions are below:

"... The dark forces of secret societies have permeated our history ... The main areas of these conquests are the economy, religion, education, and politics. These societies usually practice odd rituals ... It seems their reach is never ending, when you've been marked an enemy and we've seen many who have tried expose these forces lose their lives, in the process. ... the dark and shrouded history of these demonic forces and exposes their true history and agendas. Were the Illuminati behind the former Soviet Union and their secret service KGB?...".

At http://www.conspiracyschool.com/round-table by David Livingstone, born in Montreal in 1966:
"...The plot of the Illuminati is directed from London ... According to researcher Dr. John Coleman, who interviewed a Grand Master at Oxford, the Knights of the Garter are the inner-sanctum, the elite of the elite of Her Majesty's Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem
[in 1823, the Council of the French Langues, faction of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, sought to raise through private money to restore a territorial base for the Order of Malta, but the attempt was failed when details leaked to the press. Then the Marquis de Sainte-Croix du Molay became its head. In 1826, Philippe de Castellane, a French Knight of Malta, negotiated in Britain with Scotsman, Donald Currie; De Castellane and Currie were then allowed by the French Council to form the Council of the English Langue in 1831, with a headquartered at St John's Gate {the Old Jerusalem Tavern}, in Clerkenwell
{see Edward Brown, Gudak and Breguet
(in 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown; he collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and he met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer - see Duflon & Konstantynowicz in St Petersburg and Moscow - more at http://konstantynowicz.info/Deka_Company_1904_-_1918_St_Petersburg/index.html - and a line to Miezonka and Wola Pszczolecka) and also Lenin and Trocki (Krzyzanowski and the Templars in Volhynia and Kiev - a line to the Posen province and Mielzynski - see Angela Merkel and Hanna Suchocka, and also to Cracow and Paszkowski - a line to Armand in Moscow and Anna Konstantynowicz - see Lenin and 'Iskra' - a line to Dzierzynski, Pilsudski, Pilar Pilchau - see 1939 in the Soviet Union): at 30 Holford Square / Holford Gardens [1800 meters north-west of Clerkenwell Green], Lenin's first London address in April 1902 to 1903 and the offices of Iskra were at 37a Clerkenwell Green - 250 meters north-west of the Old Jerusalem Tavern! At present the Marx Memorial Library is situated ca 200 meters West of the Priory Church of the Order of St John}.
The Order of St. John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem known as St John International, is a royal order of chivalry first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s].
The Knights of the Order of the Garter are the leaders of the Illuminati hierarchy ...
[Queen Victoria, Alexandrina Victoria b. 1819 was daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent (son of George III {his father Frederick, Prince of Wales and mother Augusta of Saxe-Gotha} + Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1744 - 1818 {her father Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow, and mother Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen}) and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1786 - 1861 (1803 at Coburg, she married 1st to Charles, Prince of Leiningen; 2nd to Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, in 1818 at Amorbach. Victoria's father was Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and mother Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf daughter of Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg)]
... [mentioned above] Charlotte was the grandmother of Queen Victoria, and whose son married the daughter of Frederick III of Hessen-Kassell. Charlotte's brother was Charles II Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, whose daughter married the heir of the Prussian crown, Frederick William III.
Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel. She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel. Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter. Of Frederick William III and Louise' four children, three married the brothers and sisters of Csar Alexander I.
Frederick William III's daughter, Charlotte of Prussia, married Paul's son, Czar Nicholas I, who succeeded Alexander I, and who also belonged to the Order of the Garter. Frederick's son Wilhelm I married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, the daughter of Nicholas' sister Maria Romanov. A third child of Frederick, Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia, married Maria's other daughter, Marie Luisa Alexandrina von Saxe-Weimar. The son of Csar Nicholas, Constantine Nicholaievitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia, fathered Olga Constantinovna Romanov, who married George I King of Greece. George was a member of the Order of the Garter, as was his father, Christian IX of Denmark. ...
Christian IX was, in the last years of his life, named Europe's 'father-in-law'. ... Christian's daughter, Maria Fyodorovna married Csar Nicholas III, father of Nicholas II who was killed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. Princess Alexandra married Queen Victoria's son, King Edward VII, the Grand Master of Freemasonry. ...
The son of Csar [Emperor] Nicholas [Nikolai], Constantine Nicholaievitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia, fathered Olga Constantinovna Romanov, who married George I King of Greece. George was a member of the Order of the Garter, as was his father, Christian IX of Denmark...".

The Order of the Garter - The Most Noble Order of the Garter, founded in 1348, is the highest order of chivalry; several supernumerary members, known as 'Royal Knights and Ladies of the Garter', belong to the royal family. These titles were introduced in 1786 by King George III; with the installation of Emperor Alexander I of Russia in 1813, supernumerary membership was extended to foreign monarchs, who are known as 'Stranger Knights and Ladies of the Garter'.

The forerunners of the Freemasons - the Knights Templar - founded the concept of banking.
According to former British intelligence agent John Coleman's book, 'The Committee of 300':
the Rothschilds exert political control through the secretive Business Roundtable, which they created in 1909 with the help of Lord Alfred Milner and South African industrialist Cecil Rhodes.

It was the plan known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers, and within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was Rhodes with Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner who was added to the society by Stead.
Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).
See: the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown - Breguet Company in 1870.
Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day. From 1891 to 1902, it was known to only a score of persons. Sir Edward Grey was a member of the Fabian Co-Efficients, who also belonged to the inner circle of the Rhodes' Round Table groups that were under the direction of Alfred Milner; others members:
Haldane, L. S. Amery, Lord Robert Cecil, Lord Arthur Balfour, Michael Sadler and Lord Milner himself were among the Fabian Coefficients.
Coefficients included: Bertrand Russell, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Leo Maxse (who advocated war with Germany already in 1902), Clinton Dawkins of the City, Carlyon Bellairs of the Navy, Pember Reeves, W. A. S. Hewins, H. J. Mackinder, Henry Newbolt, John Hugh Smith, J. Birchenough of the City, Garvin, Josiah Wedgwood, John Hugh Smith, Colonel Repington, F. S. Oliver, and C. F. G. Masterman.

The Illuminati, who also called themselves the Society of the Elect:
Cecil John Rhodes, Baron Nathan Rothschild, Sir Harry Johnston, William T. Stead, Reginald Brett - Viscount Esher, Alfred Milner - Viscount Milner, B. F. Hawksley, Thomas Brassey - Lord Brassey; Edmund Garrett; Alfred Beit; Sir Abe Bailey; Albert Grey - Earl Grey; Archibald Primrose - Earl of Rosebery; Arthur James Balfour; Sir George R. Parkin; Philip Lyttelton Gell; Sir Henry Birchenough; Herbert A. L. Fisher; William Waldegrave Palmer - Earl of Selborne; Sir Patrick Duncan; Robert Henry Brand - Baron Brand; Philip Kerr - Marquess of Lothian, and others.
The Association of Helpers:
1. The Inner Circle:
Sir Patrick Duncan, Robert Henry Brand - Baron Brand; Philip Kerr - Marquess of Lothian; Lionel Curtis, William L. Hichens, Geoffrey Dawson, Edward Grigg - Baron Altrincham; Herbert A. L. Fisher, Leopold Amery, Richard Feetham, Hugh A. Wyndham; Sir Dougal Malcolm, Basil Williams, Flora Shaw, Nancy Astor, Arnold J. Toynbee; and others;
2. The Outer Circle: John Buchan - Baron Tweedsmuir, Sir Fabian Ware, Sir Alfred Zimmern; Gilbert Murray, Robert Cecil - Viscount Cecil of Chelwood; Sir James W. Headlam-Morley, and others.
Members in other countries:
a. Canada; b. United States: George Louis Beer, Frank Aydelotte, Jerome Greene; c. South Africa: Jan C. Smuts, Sir Patrick Duncan, Sir Abe Bailey, and others; d. Australia; e. New Zealand; f. Germany: Helmuth James von Moltke and Adam von Trott zu Solz.

More:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html

Roundtable inner Circle of Initiates included Lord Milner, Cecil Rhodes, Arthur Balfour, Albert Grey and Lord Nathan Rothschild. The Roundtable takes its name from the legendary knight of King Arthur, with a tale of the Holy Grail; Carroll Quigley claimed that the Round Table Groups were connected to a secret society, which South African diamond baron Cecil Rhodes is believed to have set up with similar goals. This secret society is supposed to have been named the Society of the Elect. Rhodes first formalised his idea with William T. Stead, editor of the Pall Mall Gazette, when he and Stead agreed on the structure of the secret society. In 1919 Rothschild's Business Roundtable spawned the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) in London. The RIIA is a registered charity of the Queen and, according to its annual reports, is funded largely by the Four Horsemen. Former British Foreign Secretary and Kissinger Associates co-founder Lord Carrington was President of both the RIIA and the Bilderbergers. The inner circle at RIIA is dominated by Knights of St. John Jerusalem, Knights of Malta, Knights Templar and 33rd Degree Scottish Rite Freemasons.

Below I quote the text of the book 'The Anglo-American Establishment' by Carroll Quigley ed. in 1981 (copyright by The Anglo-American Establishment: From Rhodes to Cliveden. 1981, New York: Books in Focus, 354 pages, ISBN 0-916728-50-1; reprinted by Rancho Palos Verdes: GSG & Associates, date unknown, ISBN 0-945001-01-0). The author of this book reveals details of secret intelligence and political structures of the United Kingdom and the USA in the second half of the 19th century and in the first half of the twentieth century.
These data obviously yet not suggest who or what was the driving force of the intelligence network and the military-political structures, which in details is discussed on this web site, and broadening data on the site designated as part two. Both of these parties were formed in the second half of 2014. So Carroll Quigley wrote in 1981:
"... in February 1891, three men were engaged in earnest conversation in London. From that conversation were to flow consequences of the greatest importance to the British Empire and to the world as a whole. For these men were organizing a secret society that was, for more than fifty years, to be one of the most important forces in the formulation and execution of British imperial and foreign policy. ... The leader was Cecil Rhodes, fabulously wealthy empire-builder ... The second was William T. Stead, the most famous, and probably also the most sensational, journalist of the day. The third was Reginald Baliol Brett, later known as Lord Esher, friend and confidant of Queen Victoria, and later to be the most influential adviser of King Edward VII and King George V. ... the three drew up a plan of organization for their secret society and a list of original members. The plan of organization provided for an inner circle, to be known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers. Within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be exercised by the leader, and a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was to be Rhodes, and the junta was to be Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner. In accordance with this decision, Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner was added to the society by Stead ...
Rhodes had been planning for this event for more than seventeen years (around 1873).
Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. ... in modified form, it exists to this day.
From 1891 to 1902, it was known to only a score of persons. During this period, Rhodes was leader, and Stead was the most influential member. From 1902 to 1925, Milner was leader, while Philip Kerr (Lord Lothian) and Lionel Curtis were probably the most important members. From 1925 to 1940, Kerr was leader, and since his death in 1940 this role has probably been played by Robert Henry Brand (now Lord Brand).
During this period of almost sixty years, this society has been called by various names. During the first decade or so it was called 'the secret society of Cecil Rhodes' or 'the dream of Cecil Rhodes'. In the second and third decades of its existence it was known as 'Milner's Kindergarten' (1901 - 1910) and as 'the Round Table Group' (1910 - 1920). Since 1920 it ... has been called 'The Times crowd', 'the Rhodes crowd', the 'Chatham House crowd', 'All Souls group', and the 'Cliveden set'. ...
The Milner Kindergarten and the Round Table Group, for example, were two different names for The Association of Helpers and were thus only part of the society, since the real center of the organization, The Society of the Elect, continued to exist and recruited new members from the outer circle as seemed necessary. Since 1920, this Group has been increasingly dominated by the associates of Viscount Astor. In the 1930s, the misnamed 'Cliveden set' was close to the center of the society, but it would be entirely unfair to believe that the connotations of superficiality and conspiracy popularly associated with the expression 'Cliveden set' are a just description of the Milner Group as a whole.
In fact, Viscount Astor was, relatively speaking, a late addition to the society, and the society should rather be pictured as utilizing the Astor money to further their own ideals rather than as being used for any purpose by the master of Cliveden...".

The Stuarts and other Jacobites were responsible for the spead of freemasonry on the Continent.
James Winter, Scottish architect and master mason (1743-4) was employed by the 2nd Duke of Atholl to build a new stable block at Blair Castle, Perthshire in 1747-58. He was probably a relative of Thomas Winter, former mason employed by William Adam at Floors, Castle, Roxburghshire in 1726.
The link between Spitalfields, Walworth and the Independent or Dissenting movement was Richard Price (b. 1723, d. 1791), the son of a Congregational minister. He went to a London Dissenting Academy and became the Presbyterian minister at Newington Green. Price and his friend, Joseph Priestly, became leaders of the Rational Dissenters or Unitarian Society.
Price got to know John Howard, John Quincy Adams, Benjamin Franklin and Adam Smith.
The Dissenters supported the French Revolution and Richard Price preached a sermon at the Old Jewry meeting of the London Revolution Society on November 4th, 1789, supporting the French Revolution and sent his congratulations to the French National Assembly.
In 1784 he met Mary Wollstonecraft who had a school in Newington Green. Mary Wollstonecraft (b. 1759) in 1784 with her sister Eliza and her friend, Fanny Blood started a school in Newington Green. The publication of her book 'A Vindication of the Rights of Man' brought her in contact with the radicals
Tom Paine, John Cartwright, John Horne Tooke, William Godwin (whom she married) and William Blake.
Joseph Priestley, (b. 1733, d. 1804, America), son of Jonas Priestley [see www.scs.illinois.edu/], was a chemist, scientist, mathematician, linguist and Dissenting minister. The many Dissenting ministers who met at the Keighlys influenced him and he attended the Dissenting Academy at Daventry.
During visits to London, he mixed with Liberals and Rational Dissenters like Richard Price and Benjamin Franklin. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1766 and became librarian to William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne and tutor to his sons.

Shelburne's Bowood Circle included people like Priestley, Jeremy Bentham, the Dutchman Dr Ingen Housz, John Hunter and Benjamin Franklin.

"...Benjamin Franklin, born in Boston. Was one of the diplomats chosen to negotiate peace with Great Britain, and who helped draft the Declaration of Independence, one of the 56 who signed this document, and was instrumental in achieving the adoption of the U.S. Constitution. Was also a Mason". Acc. to http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_illuminati_11a.htm
"... Benjamin Franklin, a key leader of several secret occult fraternal groups was also a close friend of Pierre Samuel DuPont. When Benjamin Franklin arrived Dec. 1776 in France, one of the first people he sought out to visit with was Pierre Samuel DuPont. During the next year after that, DuPont was a frequent visitor to Franklin’s residence in the village of Passy. Notice, that Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence also wrote nature's God. This is because the deists like Jefferson and DuPont believed Nature was the highest God. Pres. Jefferson and Secretary Gallatin, both Illuminati members. George Clinton, vice president to Thomas Jefferson, was De Wit Clintons Uncle. James Bidderman, the son of Evelina DuPont Bidderman, went to France and his decedents would give the DuPont's a lineage in France. One of the families that Intermarried and were close friends with the DuPont's was the Cazenoves family. Both families were close friends with Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin, I have concluded that both Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin were Illuminati", copyright by Robert Howard from WakeUpAmerica Website.
"...My knowledge of the Illuminati letters to Franklin and Adams came about as a result of my conversations with a very high profile Masonic historian, Reinhard Markner. ... I wanted to know more about the author of this work, and through the course of our conversations, he mentioned that Adams and Franklin had been contacted by the head of the Munich lodge Professor Baader. I wanted to know more about this and he said that the letters themselves had not been located, but were mentioned in Die Korrespondenz des Illuminatenordens ... the letter sent to Franklin listed on the website of the American Philosophical Society under the Franklin papers, in French. Through this discovery we were able to find the Adams letter, as well as Adams' reply. De Kemtenstrauss it seems was the penname that Baader wrote under. There were three letters sent, one to Adams, one to Franklin, and one to Philadelphia, presumably to the Continental Congress ...".
"...In 1799, when German minister G. W. Snyder warned George Washington of the Illuminati plan 'to overthrow all governments and religion', Washington replied that he had heard 'much of the nefarious and dangerous plan and doctrines of the Illuminati'. He however concluded his letter by stating: 'I believe notwithstanding, that none of the Lodges in this country are contaminated with the principles ascribed to the society of Illuminati'. ...", acc. to http://vigilantcitizen.com/hidden-knowledge/the-order-of-the-illuminati/.

Another person who came under the influence of the teachings of Richard Price and became a Unitarian was George Courtauld (b. 1761), son of Samuel Courtauld.
He became a radical and supported American Revolution. He sold up went to America in 1785.
Shelburne encouraged Jeremy Bentham to take an interest in French politics. He introduced him to Andre Marellet and 2 members of the Bowood Circle, Samuel Romilly and Pierre Etienne Louis Dumont (1759-1829), tutor to Henry Petty Fitzmaurice (1780-1963) and translated Bentham's writings into French, acted as intermediaries between
Bentham and Honore Gabriel Riquetti, Comte de Mirabeau a prominent Revolutionary of Italian origins.
Bentham corresponded with other French politicians like Jacques Pierre Brisset de Warville a leading Girondin in the Legislative Assembly, Louis Alexandre, duc de la Rochfoucauld d'Enville,
Jean Phillipe Garran de Coulon (b. 1749 [see MALESZEWSKI]), member of the Estates General and Legislative Assembly,
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Perigord - Minister of Foreign Affairs (1799-1807), Jean Antoine de Gavain (1761-1828), President of the Tribunal (1802) and Secretary (1804) and Bon Albert Briois de Beaumer (1781-1801), President of th National Assembly (1790).
Bentham drafted a French Constitution and was elected a French citizen.
Sir Samuel Romilly, (1757-1818), English legal reformer, was the second son of Peter Romilly, a watchmaker and jeweller in London. Samuel's grandfather came to England from Montpellier after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes and married Margaret Garnault, another Huguenot refugee;
SAMUEL went to Geneva in 1781, where he met the chief democratic leaders, including Etienne Dumont. He was a friend of Mirabeau, to whom he was introduced in 1784 and who introduced him to Lord Lansdowne. Romilly visited Paris in 1789.
He married Anne, daughter of Francis Garbett of Knill Court, and was appointed Chancellor of the County Palatine of Durham. Romilly supported William Wilberforce in his battle to abolish slavery and was a friend of Samuel Whitbread.

Note on the named above Shelburne's Bowood Circle:
the first house at Bowood was built circa 1725. In 1754 Long sold it to the first Earl of Shelburne, who employed architect Henry Keene to extend the house.
The 2nd Earl, Prime Minister from 1782 to 1783, was created Marquess of Lansdowne for negotiating peace with America after the War of Independence. The Bowood Circle (the circle of Bowood) is the name of a group of English Dissenters from the late eighteenth century, and supporters of the American and French revolutions, which met at Bowood House in the county of Wiltshire, near Calne, owned by William Petty (Lord Lansdowne from 1784).
Their political ideology (Whig) could be something close, it seems that also influenced key figures of the time, as Edmund Burke (sympathizer of the American revolutionaries, but totally opposed to the French) and Rockingham.
Named above Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, b. 1730, d. 1782, Viscount Higham between 1733 and 1746, Earl of Malton between 1746 and 1750 and The Marquess of Rockingham in 1750, was a British Whig statesman, in 1760 a knight of the Order of the Garter; in 1760, George II died, and his grandson ascended the throne as George III. Rockingham was the Prime Minister 1765 - 1766; Rockingham's administration was dominated by the American issue, and won a Commons vote on the repeal resolution in 1766; Rockingham also passed the Declaratory Act, which asserted that the British Parliament had the right to legislate for the American colonies in all cases whatsoever; then after his resignation, and the appointment of Lord Chatham as Prime Minister, Rockingham spent the next sixteen years in opposition. He was a keen supporter of constitutional rights for colonists. Rockingham wrote to Edmund Burke in 1771: "I fear indeed the future struggles of the people in defence of their Constitutional Rights will grow weaker and weaker...". Rockingham wrote to Augustus Keppel in 1779, "... the war against America could not be won, that the government was corrupt but not unpopular, and that the longer this continued the greater the danger to the liberties and the constitution of Britain".
Members of the Shelburne's Bowood Circle carrying out their own programs of scientific, philosophical or theological research and literary production between 1772 and 1825. Among its members were Richard Price, Joseph Priestley, Jeremy Bentham and Samuel Romilly, and even foreign intellectuals, such as Swiss and French, Etienne Dumont Mirabeau. Petty's claim were incorporated to use personal contacts of the "circle" to moderate the developments in the French Revolutionary Assembly [a text, drafted by Bentham and Romilly]. Since September 1793, during the Terror, Bowood received a large group of the émigrés, and the political attitude of the circle became less radical.

In 2013, the first on the world I show very interesting network!

It was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy:
Lenin and Inessa Armand, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.

This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands. It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear. It works like clockwork.
Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.

The underground structure has clearly defined objectives at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries:
1. call up the chaos in Europe;
2. to bring the continental war;
3. overthrow of the Romanovs in Russia;
4. lead to anarchy in Russia;
5. starting the war between the invaders, who take away the Polish independence;
6. pulling the western countries into the war, and in due time also America.

The network in the 18th to 21st cent. The intelligences networks.
Overarching objectives are at the beginning of the 20th cent.:
1. Polish independence,
2. The independence of the Baltic States;
3. The creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Tools to achieve these goals are:
1. The money from the Scottish, Jewish and American banks; revenue from the Mediterranean trade - Marseille, Greece, Naples, Crimea; and plantations in Ceylon and from the Asian trade - Ceylon, India, Japan;
2. the use of secret non-goverment organisations (NGOs) in Europe and America;
3. The creation of favorable underground structures inside the intelligence networks of Western Europe and American countries.

An important note:

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini [Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"], dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr
[died 1959, was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author; educated in Scotland; he also refers to the theories of l'abbe Augustin Barruel and John Robison {John Robison b. 1739, d. 1805, was a Scottish physicist; the first general secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh; worked with James Watt on an early steam car; he authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati"} who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt, associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order],
former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy. The British Library has confirmed ... that such a document has never been in their possession, but Cardinal Rodriguez have said that it was in 1925".
Carr learned about this letter from Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago,
[died 1958, was a Chilean Cardinal; "...Caro was strongly opposed to the influence of Freemasonry in modern society and wrote several anti-Masonic pamphlets"];
"... no conclusive proof exists to show that this letter was ever written. Nevertheless, the letter is widely quoted and the topic of much discussion".
The extracts of the letter:
"The First World War must be brought about in order to permit the Illuminati to overthrow the power of the [Emperors] Czars in Russia and of making that country a fortress of atheistic Communism. The divergences caused by the "agentur" (agents) of the Illuminati between the British and Germanic Empires will be used to foment this war. At the end of the war, Communism will be built and used in order to destroy the other governments and in order to weaken the religions. ... During the Second World War, International Communism must become strong enough in order to balance Christendom, which would be then restrained and held in check until the time when we would need it for the final social cataclysm. ... The Third World War must be fomented by ... the leaders of Islamic World...".
"... Michael Haupt said, that William Guy Carr said, that Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago, Chile said, that ... Dr. Bataille aka Leo Taxil said about Albert Pike and Giuseppe Mazzini in 'Le diable au XIXe siecle', v. II, 1892-1894, p. 605...".

At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Guy_Carr we read:
"...In 'Pawns in the Game', Carr claims that World War I was fought in order to enable the Illuminati to overthrow the powers of the Tsars in Russia ... Michael Haupt had taken the three world war theory from the introduction of Carr's Pawns in the Game (1958). This introduction outlines a plan that Carr attributes to Pike, but not to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. Only the last section of the three world war plan in Haupt's text is a quote attributed to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. This quote is virtually identical to the one in Rodrique's book and it can be traced to the book Le diable au XIXe siecle (1894) by Gabriel Jagond-Pager a.k.a. Leo Taxil, where it is claimed to be from a letter of Pike to Mazzini written in 1871. This quote was later considered to describe the Bolshevik revolution, but whether a hoax or not, it predates 1917. The book of Jagond-Pager is enlisted in the British Museum, which is what Rodriguez meant by his statement, and it contains the full letter, be it hoax or not. The plan attributed to Pike is also described in part in Le Palladisme by Margiotta and it seems to describe the same plan as in Jagond-Pager's book, so it is possible that in this case the famous hoaxer Leo Taxil actually refers to some existing letter, but Dominico Margiotta may be another pseudonym of Jacond-Pager. There is nothing of the three world war plan in this letter, and nothing especially prophetic-it simply describes a Freemasonry plan to overthrow all religions".
At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawns_in_the_Game_(book):
"...a Book written by the Canadian William Guy Carr published in 1955. The author was killed {?} in mysterious conditions" {created this page on 1 November 2015}.
Abnormally strange theories appeared already in the 19th century, then in 1916 in Great Britain, and since then, these considerations are in order to hide the real motor for the global intelligence network. These shocking theories are designed to excite readers of its mystery and with the events described not to the end.

"Albert Pike ... moved to Arkansas [1833] where he became a prominent member of the secessionist movement. He was chosen by Mazzini to head the Illuminati operations in America and moved to Charleston, South Carolina, in 1852 [to New Orleans in 1855]. During the war he was made a brigadier general ... Mazzini was not only the head of the Illuminati, he was the leading revolutionist in Europe. He was determined to establish a New World Order on the rubble of the old order and created a plan to accomplish his goal. He detailed his plan for world domination in a letter to Pike on January 22, 1870: 'We must allow all the federations to continue just as they are, with their systems, their central authorities and their diverse modes of correspondence between high grades of the same rite, organized as they are at the present, but we must create a super rite, which will remain unknown, to which we will call those Masons of high degree whom we shall select...', [acc. to] Lady Queensborough, Occult Theocracy, pp. 208-209.
This secret rite is called "The New and Reformed Palladian Rite [or Reformed Palladium]." It has headquarters in Charleston, S.C., Rome in Italy, and Berlin ... Pike wrote about his beliefs and goals in 1871 in "Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry."
"The Palladian Rite, according to conspiracy theorists it is the very top of the Illuminati pyramid. Conspiracy theorists point to the Palladian Rite as being the secret overlord of all Masonic Rites uniting all masonry together in a dark agenda to propitiate three world wars to bring about the New World Order Government led by shape shifting reptiles from outer space".
Pike designed a plan for world conquest and wrote of it in a letter to Mazzini dated August 15, 1871. He said three future world wars would prepare the world for the New World Order ... This strategy is corroborated by Dr. Dennis L. Cuddy PhD. in 'The Power Elite's use of Wars and Crises'." See: pike.htm and http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/. Above Dennis Laurence Cuddy, is historian and political analyst, received a Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill [also at NewsWithViews.com].
Mazzini was the member of the underground "Carbonari" society, also with Lelewel [see Chodzko, Oginski ...], Krepowiecki and Józef Zaliwski. On 17 February 1833, Zaliwski [see Lubiec estate close to Wola Pszczolecka; Sulimierski, Bleszynski, Psarski ...] left Paris and traveled to the Polish lands.
Giuseppe Mazzini born 1805, died in 1872, was an Italian politician, journalist and headed the Italian revolutionary movement. William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy; in 1840 Mazzini reformed the Giovine Italia in London, and from London he wrote a series of letters to his agents in Europe and South America, and made friends with Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane; in 1843 he organized another riot in Bologna; in 1847 he moved again to London, also founded the People's International League; 1848 Mazzini was in Paris; in April 1848 Mazzini reached Milan, when the First Italian War of Independence started; joined Garibaldi's force at Bergamo, moving to Switzerland with him; in 1849 a republic was declared in Rome.
"Under Lord Palmerston, England supports all revolutions ... and the leading revolutionary in Her Majesty's Secret Service is Giuseppe Mazzini ... Mazzini is a Genoese admirer of the ... Venetian friar Paolo Sarpi. Mazzini's father was a physician to Queen Victoria's father. For a while Mazzini worked for the Carbonari, one of Napoleon's Freemasonic fronts. Then, in 1831, Mazzini founded his Young Italy secret society. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, ... President of France, sent him articles for his magazine. Mazzini's cry ... that the people are the new God. ... Mazzini teaches that Christianity developed the human individual, but that the era of Christianity, of freedom, of human rights, is now over ... The British would take care of Industry and Colonies; the Poles, leadership of the Slavic world; the Russians, the civilizing of Asia. The French get Action, the Germans get Thought...".
"... Mazzini has tried to put this into practice just last year. In November 1848, armed Young Italy gangs forced Pope Pius IX to flee from Rome to Naples. From March to June of 1849, Mazzini ruled the Papal States as one of three dictators, all Grand Orient Freemasons. During that time, death squads operated in Rome, Ancona, and other cities. Some churches were sacked, and many confessionals were burned. ... During this time he was planning to set up his own Italian national church on the Anglican model. The defense of Rome was organized by Giuseppe Garibaldi, who had joined Mazzini's Young Italy in the early 1830s. But a French army ... drove out Mazzini, Garibaldi, and their supporters.
Lord Palmerston said that Mazzini's regime in Rome was 'far better than any the Romans have had for centuries' ...
Right now Mazzini is here in London, enjoying the support of Lord Ashley, the Earl of Shaftesbury, a Protestant fanatic who also happens to be Lord Palmerston's son-in-law. Mazzini's direct access to the British government payroll comes through James Stansfeld, a junior Lord of the Admiralty and a very high official of British intelligence. ... Stansfeld's father-in-law, William Henry Ashurst, is another of Mazzini's patrons, as is John Bowring of the Foreign Office ... Bowring is Jeremy Bentham's literary executor. John Stuart Mill of India House is another of Mazzini's friends. Mazzini is close to ... writer Thomas Carlyle, and has been having an affair with Carlyle's wife. Young Italy, as we have seen, was founded in 1831, attracting the young sailor Giuseppe Garibaldi and Louis Napoleon.
Shortly thereafter there followed Young Poland, whose leaders included the revolutionaries Lelewel and Worcell.
Then came Young Germany, featuring Arnold Ruge ... In 1834, Mazzini founded 'Young Europe', with Italian, Swiss, German, and Polish components. ... By the end of this century we will have a Young Argentina (founded by Garibaldi), Young Bosnia, Young India, Young Russia, Young Armenia, Young Egypt...", acc. to Webster G. Tarpley, Ph.D.
Theories of William Guy Carr on the Satanism - the Illuminati - Zionism, are obviously erroneous, mistaken and very strange because it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy.

Compare two dates: 1870 Brown of London - Breguet [below]; and the letter of 1871 from Pike to Mazzini [above].

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others). In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878. L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.
In 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown;
Louis Francois Clement Breguet collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and Louis Francois Clement Breguet met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer. The great-grandson of Louis François Clément Breguet: above Louis Antoine b. 1851 d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business. So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century.
By Michael Weare at http://clicktempus.com/turning-points-in-time-breguet:
under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920. Then Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of 'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets. The complicated watches were built by the Joux Valley's leading watchmakers including the Victorin Piguet workshops. 1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France.

At all my domain very interesting on line {see below !}:
Chodzko - Oginski - Breguet - Konstantynowicz - Schaub - Gilliard - Duflon - Armand - Paszkowski - Kosciuszko - Fiszer - Mielzynski.




Brief explanation:

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska [see below!] (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.

Above named Jozef had daughters and sons:
1. Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benislawski 1846- 1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);
2. Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska. Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4. Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;
5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6. above named Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735 [?] - 1789.
Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[daughter of Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer {see below}; the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan (see below).

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Römer
{see above on Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760};
husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanislaw Soltan, b. 1756, d. Mitawa 1836, General, the President of the Commission of the Provisional Government of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1812.
He married two times:
Franciszka Teofila / Francis Theophilus Radziwill died 1802 - her father was Stanislaw Radziwill and mother Karolina POCIEJ / Pociej Carolina - she brought to the family of Soltan an estate Zdzięcioł / Zdzieciol.
Second time to:
Konstancja Toplicka - Tupalska voto Korsak in 1820 that is Constance Tupalska Toplicka - Korsak, her father Antoni / Anthony.
His daughters among others [see more below!]:
Karolina SOLTAN / Soltan Carolina b. about 1780 + Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki married ca 1800;
Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 + Antoni Wankowicz / Anthony Wankowicz b. ca 1760 - with children:
Waleria TYZENHAUZ / Valerie Wankowicz, about 1800 + Constantine Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz, about 1800 + Benedict Tyszkiewicz,
Klementyna Mostowska / Clementine Wankowicz m. Mostowski.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki
(Tadeusz Wankowicz junior had sibilings: Antoni Wańkowicz b. ca 1710; Eleonora Wańkowicz b. ca 1715; Scholastyka Wańkowicz born ca 1720; Franciszka Wańkowicz b. ca 1725; half brother was Adam Wańkowicz son of Teresa Filipowicz and Tadeusz senior);
son of Tadeusz junior was Antoni ca 1758-1812 who married Anna Sołtan ca 1785-1812.

Daughters of above Antoni WANKOWICZ:
Klementyna b. ca 1804, m. in 1820 to Edward Mostowski 1790-1855;
Waleria b. 1805, m. in 1821 to Konstanty Tyzenhauz 1785-1853;
and Wanda 1808-1842, m. in 1825 to Benedykt Emanuel Tyszkiewicz 1801-1866.

Above named Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Łuczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz senior b. ca 1675
(grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki; Jan had brothers: Wladyslaw b. ca 1648 and Teodor b. ca 1650; and Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK)
and Helena Wołodkowicz born ca 1685.

Tadeusz Oginski was the owner of Luczaj, let this estate to Tadeusz Wankowicz and Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; Andrzej OGINSKI and Franciszek Ksawery Oginski, sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children: above Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and mentioned Andrzej Ignacy (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812]. Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with: Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński and Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński.

A branch from Samuel Sołtan b. 1654, killed in 1709, m. 1st to Wisiunianka / Wisimianka, and 2nd to Helena Ewa von Manteuffel 1-v. Jan von Berk; his son:
Stanisław Pereświt Sołtan 1698 - 1758, owned Andrepna and Zielonpole close to Rezekne / Rzeczyce, and Lideksna with Sprykutow close to Ludsen / Lucyn,
m. 1st to Eleonora Hilzen, daughter of Jerzy Konstanty Hilzen, and Anna Regina Schimmelpfennig von der Oye;
m. 2nd time in Dyrwiany to Helena Römer / Romer b. ca 1730 - she was 2-v. Jan Wayssenhof;
children of Stanislaw Soltan senior:
1. Augusta Sołtan, b. ca 1750 m. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Stanisław Sołtan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł d. 1802, daughter of Stanisław RADZIWILL and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzięcioł; m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róża Górska.

Children of above Stanislaw Soltan junior:
1. Karolina Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 married after 1800 to Józef Piottuch-Kublicki [see above];

2. Anna Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812 son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki; with children:
Waleria Wańkowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wańkowicz, + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Łohojski,
Klementyna Wańkowicz, + Mostowski.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732- 1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.

3. Helena Sołtan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
4. Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
5. Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.

Note:
Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Soltan Carolina born ca 1780; with child:
Walentyna / Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (mother Josepha Benislawska), her child
Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to above Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, landowner, member of the January Uprising.

Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia;
he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and mentioned by Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844, married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, daughter of Joseph and Valentina, and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia.
In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.

6. Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, with wifes:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and
Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.

Children of Stanislaw Soltan b. 1822:
1. Bogdan Wiktor Soltan 1861 - 1912 married to Maria Franciszka Soltan b. 1863, with daughter - Maria Emilia Soltan b. 1889 Aninsk and died 1963, m. Zdzisław Henryk Grocholski - her daughter
Maria Grocholska b. 1911 Pietniczany and died in 1940 Otrebusy;
2. Emilia Soltan Korsak, b. 1847 d. 1908,
3. Stanislaw Soltan, 1848 - 1850,
4. Helena Soltan 1849 - 1852,
5. Adam Soltan 1851 - 1902 Brzostownica Murowana,
6. Wiktor Władyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, owner of Kraszuty.

Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł / Jundzill Dunin had three daughters (see above and below):
1. Albertyna Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1836 - 1863;
2. Maria Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1827 - 1858;
3. Helena Chodźko nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1822 - 1886 in Paris.

Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodźko / Александр Ходзько / Аляксандар Ходзька, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia. Son of the writer Jan Chodzko; from 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom. In 1847 he married in Lausanne to
Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland;
she was the granddaughter of Mikołaj Michał Cichocki son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).

Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk;

Soltan, 1853-1905, engineer from Lodz, the Congress Poland, owner of Kraszuty, married to Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff;

Copyright by http://www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl:

Wiktor Władysław Sołtan (born 1853 in Brzostowica Murowana - 1905 Warszawa) was railway engineer; Soltan (Pereswit-Soltan) born close to Hrodna, was the son of Stanislaw SOLTAN
and his first wife Mary Jundziłł;
after losing his mother and father's exile to Siberia for his participation in the January Uprising 1863, Aunt Helena Pilecka took care of him - she lived in Brzostowica Murowana.
In autumn 1868, along with his brother Adam Soltan went to Riga to study at the Engineering Politechnic. He graduated in 1874; send on the practice of engineering in Switzerland, where his uncle, Victor Jundziłł, was the chief engineer of railways Lausanne-Bern.
1874-8, he worked for the West-Swiss Railways in Lausanne; returned to Warsaw in 1878 as a senior clerk in the Governing Board of the Warsaw-Terespol railway and in 1879 in the office of the board of Vistula Railway.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff Soltan's brother was Joseph Weyssenhoff who married Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch the daughter of Jan Bloch a banker from Lodz.
Thanks to family connections of the Soltans
(Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff + Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853, d. 1905 son of Stanislaw Soltan and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill Countess;
Amelia's father:
Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, her father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess;
Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff's brother:
Józef Weyssenhoff writer + Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch the daughter of a banker from Lodz - Jan Bloch. The daughter of mentioned Józef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff was Aleksandra Zielewicz 1891 - 1956 in Brazil. Józef Weyssenhoff Baron, novelist, poet, literary critic and publisher)
Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853 was close to the Warsaw financiers and industrialists but under the influence of the family he moved to the village.
The family nest of the Lubienskis was village Kalinowa, district of Blaszki; and Szczytniki, also Guzów, and Wiskitki. Kalinowa is situated close to Garbow and Golkow; north of Blaszki; north-west of Sieradz. North of Lubna-Jakusy village. The Lubienskis were living in Warta city, and above named Lubny / Lubna. Orzech estate in the Kalinowa parish, and Garbów / Garbok farm in the Kalinowa parish were owned by the Lubienski family;
Maciej Lubienski (b. - 1710) was brother of Stanislaw Lubienski, and was the landlord of above Kalinowa - he was the Sieradz officer; in the village of Kalinowa, central Poland, is the former mansion-house of families Lubienski, and later Murzynowski; is situated 66 km south-west of Lódz,
the above mansion had built and owned Wojciech Jan Lubienski / Wojciech January Lubienski before 1652;
the last owner of the Lubienski noble family was Feliks Lubienski (1758-1848), who moved his residence to Guzów in 1797 - see Chopin, Breguet, Oginski in Otrebusy!
From a 'Diary of Lubienskis' and the letter correspondences of his son, General Tomasz Lubienski (1784-1870), we know a lot about this family;
in Kalinowa was born Wladyslaw Aleksander Lubienski - the Polish Primate who was crowned the King of Poland Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
From 1797 Kalinowa was owned by the Murzynowskis. The mansion in 1865 was chosen as a model for the 'Straszny Dwór' (the Haunted Manor) in Stanislaw Moniuszko's opera of the same name. 1916 the Murzynowski rebuilding the manor.
The 1783-1784 register informed about the Kalinowa Parish in the Sieradz county:
Gac to Kocielkowski; Garbok farm to Lubienski; Golkow – Pstrokonski; Kalinowa – Lubienski (Michal Lubienski, the King court in 1775, Captain); Kaweczynek – the Catholic order; Orzech – Lubienski; Tobolczew - Kolaczkowski.
We back to Aleksandra Emilia Bloch / Alicja Bloch who married Józef Weyssenhoff / Józef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff who after 1905 was the closest to a national democracy; bard of the old traditions of the borderland landowners and hunting.
Józef Weyssenhoff was born 1860 in Kolano village near Jablon / Parczew.
Mentioned above Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff m. Wiktor Wladyslaw Soltan 1853 - 1905; her father Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska 1830 / after 1836 - 1880 daughter of Seweryn Lubienski and Amelia Golabek Jezierska;
her brothers:
1. above Józef Weyssenhoff + Alicja Bloch, with children: Wanda, Jan Weyssenhoff - Prof. the Wilno Uniw., Aleksandra Weyssenhoff and Rozalia;
2. Waldemar Wlodzimierz Weyssenhoff, landowner of Tarnów, and Juzynty in the Jeziorosy county
[see: Brzezinski and Konstantynowicz;
Juzynty / Jużynty, Panevėžys County, Lithuania - now Jūžintai; Зараса́й / in 1836 - 1918 as Новоалександровск, in 1919 - 1929 Эжеренай = Zarasai = Jeziorosy = Novoaleksandrovsk;
a city in north-eastern Lithuania, the administrative center of Zarasai District]
+ Maria Ledóchowska daughter of Karol Ledóchowski and Zofia Czosnowska.
Remember on Amelia's father:
Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, her father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess;
Wanda Lubienska's father:
Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of
Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski [b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow, in 1826; Captain of the Napoleon Guard]
and Paulina; husband of Amelia Golabek Jezierska; father of Maria Górska; Wanda Weyssenhoff; Witold Józef Lubienski; Kazimierz Lubienski; Zdzislaw Stanislaw Józef Lubienski; Mieczyslaw Jan Lubienski; Teofila Bogumila Stadnicka; Jadwiga Lubienska, and Jan Nepomucen Lubienski; half brother of Kazimierz Lubienski.
Above named Amelia Golabek Jezierska - Lubienska b. 1813, d. 1885, daughter of Jan Nepomucen Pawel Golabek-Jezierski and Karolina Jelski; she was sister of Maria Golicyn; Jadwiga Puslowska and Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski.
Under copyright by Leszek Mila in 2015 at www.geni.com.
Above Jan Nepomucen Pawel Golabek-Jezierski 1786 - 1858 in Garbów, the Brzeg County, the Opole province; son of Karol Golabek Jezierski and Zuzanna Golabek Jezierska; father of Amelia Lubienska; Maria Golicyn; Jadwiga Puslowska and Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski.
Above Karol Golabek Jezierski 1750 - 1826 in Warszawa, son of Jacek Golabek Jezierski and Zofia Miszewski - Golabek Jezierski.
The first owner of above mentioned Guzów (moved home from Szczytniki) was in the late eighteenth century Łubieński Felix de Valois (1758-1848), later Minister of Justice of the Duchy of Warsaw.
The only son of Felix de Valois and Teresa Belinsky was Francis Xavier Łubieński (b. 1784, in Szczytniki) who had two sons:
Kazimierz born in 1801 (mother Anna Miłkowska) and
Seweryn was born 1811 (the mother Paulina Potocki).
Francis X. Łubieński died at the age of 42;
Seweryn with the family moved to the property of the Potocki (Milanow) on the north border of the Lublin province, close to Radzyń Podlaski; Seweryn grew up at the court in Jablon at the property of his aunt Emma Potocki Strzyżowski. Count Seweryn Potocki in 1810 to convey the estate of Jablon to oldest daughter Emme / Emma, she married in 1810 to a Polish Army Colonel Piotr / Peter Strzyżowski; Peter Strzyżowski was a participant in the Napoleonic campaigns, he settled in Jablon with spouse Emma;
in 1836 Seweryn Lubienski (1811-1855) married Amelia Jezierska (1813-1885) and had 4 daughters and 5 sons:
Witold b. 1841 was grew up under uncle Piotr Strzyzowski, then bought Zasow / Zassow estate in ca 1870;
Strzyzowskich Peter d. 1855; Emma d. 1856 - assume ownership of Jablon to Amelia Jezierski Łubieński, widow of Seweryn, nephew of Strzyżowski. The next thirty years Jablon was property of the Lubienskis. Amelia was formed in Jablon and around five schools in rural areas. During the January Uprising 1863 the courts in Jablon and Kolano
[Seweryn Lubienski owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow]
were the center of conspiracy and assistance to insurgents - Kazimierz Łubieński [1843-1908] who was Amelia Łubieński's son was forced to leave the property. Threatened with deportation to Siberia, Amelia Jezierska Lubienska changed home to a more civilized manor of the eldest son Witold / Vytautas - in Zassow / Zasow / Zasowo.
Michal Lubienski (1896-1967), was the Head of Cabinet of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Second Polish Republic - Joseph Beck. Copyright by Stanislaw Cichon, 2011.
Above Zasów in 1855 was located in the Tarnow county; 1876 Zasów village received city rights, which had lost in 1914. In 1879 (1870 ?), after the death of Henry Ankiewicz, Zasów becomes the property of Witold Lubienski; who derived from the Sieradz province. Witold Łubieński and his son Thaddeus in Zasowo formed the Farmers Cooperative of Agriculture and Commerce. Tadeusz Łubieński married Maria Popiel with five sons: Witold Tadeusz, Alfred, Constantine and two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth. Witold was killed during the Polish-Bolshevik war in retreat from Kiev in 1920. His son Tadeusz junior fought in the September campaign of 1939.

Note:

Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo; son of Józef [1710 - 1755; Jozef was son of Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska] and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775; daughter of Anna Watta-Kosicki and Wojciech Gutowski. Above Józef Madaliński b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski!

Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kościuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768.

His father was above mentioned Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno, includes: Bojanice, Bojanickie Huby, Borzątew / Wilhelmsau, Florentynowo, Karniszew / Karniszewo close to Klecko, Kobylica, Mączniki, Małe Świątniki, Mieleszyn north-east of Klecko, Przysieka, Sokolnickie Huby, Sokolniki), married to Barbara Gutowski, owner of Gola - 5 km west of Gostyn and close to the Sulkowskis estates, in 1745-1746 owner of Babin - 6 km north of Slupca and east of Wrzesnia; Chrostowo - 1754, d. 1755. Barbara m. 2nd in 1765 to Jakub Krzyżanowski;

with sons

above Antoni b. 1739;
Feliks Wojciech, b. 1741,
Gabriel Józef, b. in Babin in 1745,
Leon Adam, b. 1746;
daughters Weronika Ewa,
Leona Adama,
Joanna Marianna b. in Gola 1744, m. Franciszek Droszewski; and
Franciszka, died in Międzyborze in 1774.
Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of above Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary 1802, Zatopolice close to Radom, Przybyszew / Przybyszewo, Lubania and Porów; burned in Przybyszewo, but his heart in Lubania. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto - see Kiedrzynski! Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica!
He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sułkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow.
Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczyńskis land, then in 1791 to Mielżyński.
Antoni Madaliński after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.
Mentioned above Barbara Madalińska nee Gutowska b. ca 1710, d. 1775, was also mother of Róża Komornicka.
Above named Józef Madaliński b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski!
Mentioned above Konstancja Madalińska nee Oraczewska, b. ca 1680 - died before 1762, to Jan Oraczewski of Przybyslawice close to Olkusz, and Justyna nee Zaborska; Konstancja had brother Franciszek Oraczewski; Konstancja married ca 1700 to Bonawentura Madaliński. Bonawentura was born ca 1680 (Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko was born to Kazimierz Madalinski and Zofia Wypyska).
They had 5 children: above named Józef Madaliński,
Anna Madalińska,
Felicjan Madalinski.
See: Feliks Oraczewski / Feliks Szczęsny Oraczewski, b. 1739 in Przybysławice, d. 1799 in Wien.
Wiktoria Skotnicka married above Antoni Ludwik Józef Madaliński;
Wiktoria nee Skotnicka, born 1762 to Jan Skotnicki and Katarzyna nee Rożnowska; Jan was born in 1730. Wiktoria had siblings: Dorota Marianna Skotnicka, and Jadwiga Radoszewska. Her children:
Józef Madaliński, and
Mikołaj Ksawery Stanisław Madaliński, and also unknown
Madalinska / Мадаленская - mother of Aleksander / Александр Данилович Гершенцвейг - Енчминский; inf. by Peter Trefilov.
Above Александр Данилович Гершенцвейг-Енчминский b. 1818 and died in 1861, was father of Александр Александрович Гершенцвейг-Енчминский / Герштенцвейг-Енчмински.

About above named Kazimierz Madalinski b. ca 1660 and Zofia Wypyska:
Kazimierz was son of Samuel Madaliński b. 1640 ? + Katarzyna Miłaszewska;
Kazimierz had sons:
Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko b. ca 1680, and
Michał Madaliński + Brygida Pilchowska.
Mentioned above Konstancja Madalińska nee Oraczewska, b. ca 1680 - before 1762, to Jan Oraczewski of Przybyslawice close to Olkusz, and Justyna nee Zaborska; Konstancja had brother Franciszek Oraczewski; Konstancja married ca 1700 to above Bonawentura Madaliński. Bonawentura was born ca 1680 (Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko was born to Kazimierz Madalinski and Zofia Wypyska).
Antoni Józef Madaliński, Lieutenant General, commander during the Kościuszko Uprising in 1794. He was Bar Confederation participant in 1768. Antoni Józef Madaliński b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo; he was son of Józef Madalinski and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775.
Above Jozef Madalinski 1710 - 1755 of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski; he was son of Bonawentura Madalinski b. ca 1680 and Konstancja Oraczewska.
Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710 was daughter of Anna Watta-Kosicki and Wojciech Gutowski.
Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko b. ca 1680 was son of Kazimierz Madalinski b. ca 1660 and Zofia Wypyska.
The Wypyski family were owners of Wypychy and Łosinno (Jan Wypyski ca 1690). Unknown Wypyski of Livland at the beginning of the 18th century had daughter Barbara and son Bonawentura; Barbara married to Franciszek Gąsiorowski of Nur; Bonawentura in 1716 sold to Gąsiorowski part of Wypychy; his sister was mentioned above Zofia Wypyska, m. to Kazimierz Madaliński of Nur b. ca 1660;
Kazimierz taken over Wypychy-Łosinno. Madaliński moved home to Wypychy. Kazimierz Madaliński with wife nee Wypyska had 4 sons:
Wypychy owned Wojciech Józef Madalinski priest in Radzyn Podlaski (see Lubienski);
Losinno / Łosino (close to Wyszkow and Lochow ?) - Wypychy taken his brothers: Bonawentura Madaliński of Niedzielsko b. ca 1680
[Jozef Madalinski 1710 - 1755 of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem; was son of Bonawentura Madalinski b. ca 1680 and Konstancja Oraczewska].
Above named Wojciech Józef Madalinski died in 1739; his brother Stefan also was priest, taken Wypychy close to Korytnica;
then WYPYCHY was taken by his next brother - Bonawentura Madalinski who died in 1762, and was married to Konstancja Oraczewska died in 1762, with 3 sons: 1. Józef Madaliński (1710-1755; father of Róża Komornicka and Antoni Józef Madaliński), 2. Andrzej Madaliński (d. 1766) and 3. Wojciech Madaliński (died 1778).
Wypychy owned in 1739 Józef Madaliński, youngest, no children ?; Wypychy was taken by unknown Madalińskis ca 1790.
Part of Wypychy since 1716 owned the Gąsiorowskis.

In detail on the noble Brzezinski / Bžezinskis family

1. the Brzezinski house of the Doliva coat of arms verified in Vilna on 08 November 1837; the noble Brzezinski family of Doliva arms verified  themselves in Kovno 1837, according to Uruski, vol. 2 (Franciszek son of Jan) and in Vilna 1858 (Kacper son of Kazimierz with sons of mentioned Kacper: Onufry, Jan,  Ludwik, Jozef, and also Michal son of Kazimierz); 

2. in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge that is Wilkomir) district, the Kaunas government also: Lokiany Upper and Lower in the Pagirys area = Pogiry or Pogieloze in  the Siesikai parish - 14 km W - N - W of Vilkmerge; the noble Brzezinski family of Trumpet arms in Lithuania as early as at the beginning of the 17th  cent. and derived from Jan Brzezinski and his son Franciszek and grandson Ignacy Brzezinski - verification in Kovno 1850. Jan Brzezinski / Bžezinskis was possessor of Zodziowo near by Ludsen (i.e. Ludza in Livonia) and Pudermoyze (i.e. Puderi or Pudereva according to Latvian atlas of 1931 ed. in Riga; 19 km E - N - E of Vilani and 12,5 km north - west  of  Rositten i.e. Rezekne, Latvia now), and he owned also Dyrwaniszki in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge) district. Part of the Brzezinski family emigrated from Livonia to the Austria - Hungarys Galicia after 1863  

3. Nacza Biedrzyca - Swaraszczyzna farm in the Lepel districtt, government of Vicebsk  

4. Kastyr estate i.e. Kastire, in the Dunaburg district, the Vicebsk government; it is located on the Jasa river, a tributary of the Dubna about 12,5 km  south - east of Preili and 42,5 km NE of Daugavpils (Dunaburg, Dyneburg); 750 ha,  the noble Dunaburg marshal Jozef Brzezinski lived here and next  Zaba family; Jozef Brzezinski owned also Pazemys estate (Pozejmie, Poshejmy) in the Dusetos parish, area of Antaliepte, district of Novoaleksandrovsk  (Zarasai  = Jeziorosy) - Poshejmy is located 15,5 km SW of Zarasai; the noble Brzezinski family possessed also a big Wenusow (Venusovo) estate in the  Novoaleksandrovsk district, the Kovno (Kaunas) government; Poshejmy and Venusovo are situated 39 and 38 km south - west of Daugavpils in present  Lithuania; Brzezinski family of the Swan coat of arms with Dunin nickname derived from Hieronim Brzezinski and stayed in Livonia since 1680 

5. Ssenkovo i.e. Sienkowo, Senkowo farm in the Mogilew district, 315 ha since 1882, it is located on the Lachwa river about 13 km W - N - W of  Mahileu (Mogilew

6. Zapole farm and Maniakowo in the Vilejka district, government of Vilna, about 11 km of Krajsk 

7. Podlasie territory before 1648 and the Nur area before 1704, they verified themselves in Hrodna 1852 - 1863 (the Lubicz coat of arms).

Juzynty / Jużynty, Panevėžys County, Lithuania - now Jūžintai; Južintai in the Panevežio apskritis, Lietuva - 40 km west of Zarasai.

Pazemys / Pažemys, Utenos apskritis, Lietuva - 7 km south-east of Vencavai, ca 20 km south-west of Zarasai, and 28 km south-east of above Južintai.

Vencavai / Wenusowo / Venusov, ca 6 km north-west of above Pazemys; at way to Južintai; in the Valmiera district, near the road Dusetos - Degučiai, Stephen Kolupaila derived the name of the village from the Roman goddess Venus; the village was called Venusov.

Since 1600 Vencavai / Wenusowo was property of Švykovskiai, Saltonas / Soltan, Bychovc / Bychowiec,

since 1781 landowner Jozef Brzezinski / Juozapas Bžežinskis, Count;

1823 Count Krzysztof Wereszczynski / Kristupas Vereščinskis {with wife SOLTAN},
since 1845 Kržyvecai (Krzywiec);

1611 was here already Church, which closed in 1696. 1744 - the Catholic Church.
And some more on Wenusowo:
Venus, Venusov, Venusovo / Vencavai belonged to the prince of Vitebsk / the Vitebsk Duke, Vasily Drucki-Ozereckiui / Wasyl / Wasily Wasilewicz Drucki-Ozierecki and his wife K. Švykovskaitei;
lands was managed by her brother Jan Szwykowsky / John Švykovskiui;
1615 - Švykovskis John and his wife Alexandra Bazanka transferred Venusovo to M. Strutinskiui. 1620 owned by Count Berlitz-Strutinskis.
1633 John and his son Tobias Švykovskiai funded the Vencavai Evangelical Reformed church;
later Vencavai was ruled by Soltan / Saltonas and Bychovc / Bychowiec; since 1750 P. Saltonas (Piotr Sołtan b. ca 1710) owner;
since 1781 to 1823 to Count Joseph Brzezinski / Earl Jozef Brzezinski, the Galicia Chamberlain, who liked to live widely and got into debt.
1823 Vencavai taken Christopher Vereščinskas / Wereszczyński Krzysztof with his wife (nee Soltan ?).
1845 the estate was owned by Krzywiec / Kržyvecams.
The genealogy of Jan Sołtan born ca 1685 with children:
1. Dominik Sołtan + Anna Gedrojć + Franciszka von Kruger;
2. Konstancja Sołtan + Jan August Hilzen;
3. Marianna Sołtan + Mikołaj Żaba;
4. mentioned above Piotr Sołtan b. ca 1710,
+ Przyborowska + Kopeć + 3rd married to Szostakowska / SZOSTAK, with children:
1. Benedykt Sołtan born ca 1760 + Józefa Benisławska,
2. Bogumiła Sołtan + Grothus,
3. Sołtan + Wereszczyński (Wereszczyński Krzysztof ?),
4. Sołtan + Szostakowski,
5. Stanisław Sołtan,
6. Teresa Sołtan + Rykow.

The Vencavai mansion was 8 km east of Antaliept.

Jan Sołtan or Antoni, born ca 1770, of Propojsk, owner of Penczyn + Judycka.
Brother of above Jan:
Benedykt Sołtan, b. ca 1760 + Józefa Benisławska (now Latvia).
Maybe grandfather of above Benedykt and Jan Soltan was:
Jan Pereświt Sołtan born ca 1685, died after 1734, of Staroduby and Inflanty in 1713 + before 1705 to Marianna von Manteuffel-Say, 1 voto Władysław Benisławski, of Inflanty.
Maybe Jan Pereświt Sołtan born ca 1685 was son of Samuel Sołtan 1654 - 1709.

See: Kriaunos - ca 40 km north-west of Zarasai, 1684-1688 Menževičius built a wooden church, 1818 - the owners of the surrounding mansions: Michael Romer, Count Krzysztof Plater / Earl Christopher Plater, and mentioned above Count Krzysztof Wereszczynski / Christopher Vereščinskas; Anton Eismontas / Antoni Eysmont.

And we back to the RADZIWILLES - Oginski - SOLTAN:

Jadwiga Zaluska Tyszkiewicz m. 2nd to Duke Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski (1712-1783), and Retów passed on the ownership of the family Oginski. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill [Izabela Kotryna Oginska born Radziwill] of Nieswiez, d. 1761 / 1763.

Izabela Kotryna Oginska Radziwill b. 1711, d. 1761 / 1763 in Maladzyechna [Molodeczno], the Minsk Province, was daughter of Michal Antoni Radziwill b. 1687

[named Michal Antoni Radziwill was brother of Lukrecja Katarzyna Donhoff; Adelajda Cecylia Teresa Dambska; Jan Mikolaj Radziwill, and Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll who was father of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, with daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan b. circa 1751 and her children were:
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780

{with above named children:
Walentyna Soltan (Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan 1795 - 1843 with daughter Oktawia Soltan b. 1830, d. 1871 in Kazan, m. in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan 1824 - 1900);
Anna Benislawska (Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Benislawski);
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki;
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Szumski + DOMINIK KONSTANTYNOWICZ of MIEZONKA;
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876 son of Konstancja Mickiewicz;
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820};

Helena Soltan and Anna Wankowicz]

and Marianna Siesicka; she was sister of Leon Radziwill and Marijona Radvilaite (copyright by Andrzej Hennel).

Mentioned above Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
A. Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and
B. Andrzej Ignacy (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son
Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812].

Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with:

A. Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński.
Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński 1801-1837 m. Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832

[Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800 - 1844, was son of Felix von Rönne 1st and Antonina Gielgud; above Felix 1st b. circa 1770, d. 1827 was son of Mikalojus Renė.
Feliks Filip was brother of
Antoni von Rönne;
MARIA TEKLA OGINSKA / Marija Teklė Oginskienė b. 1804
{wife of Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński b. ca 1805 who was brother and half-brother to Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński; Amelia Załuska; Ireneusz Oginski / Irenėjus Oginskis; Emma Wysocka and Ida Oginskaitė; see Kalinowski, Trubecki and Konstantynowicz with Piottuch-Kublicki};
Ludwika von Rönne
and above mentioned Teodora Ogińska
{b. 1807 wife of Franciszek Ksawery Ogiński b. 1801, with son FELIKS}],

with son Feliks Ogiński 1828-1893 who married to Olimpia von Rönne 1829-1861.

Note:

Antoni von Rönne / RENE
[who was the father of named above OLIMPIA OGINSKA / Olimpija Oginskiene b. 1829],
born ca 1800, d. 1869, was the son of Felix von Rönne
[1770 - 1827, was a son of Mikołaj von Rönne b. 1720/1740, and Aniela PILSUDSKA b. 1740/1750]
and Antonina GIELGUD.

Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella KOMOROWSKA Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski; she married to Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajūralis, close to Šilalė, and died in 1791 in Šilalė, the Tauragė County, Lithuania.
Franciszek PILSUDSKI was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below} - she was mother of above Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz b. ca 1740/1750 [see below].
Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times [Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times: 1st to Rosa Siukstaite / Roza daughter of Jozef ?, and 2nd to Anna Ivanovic / Anna daughter of Jan], with children:
1. above named Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia - see brief note below!];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 / 1740 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to above ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija b. 1740/1750.

Above Gorżdy / Gargždai, in west Lithuania, close to ex-Prussian border.

B. Tadeusz Antoni Ogiński
[Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Ogiński born Rönne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis {see Michal Kleofas Oginski and Polish underground conspiracy for independence} with daughter Gabrielė Marija Renė Oginskaitė 1830 - 1912 of Gargždai {see Mielzynski} who married to Edward Józef Krasicki and Eugeniusz von Rönne];
Felix I Baron Rönne, Lieutenant Colonel, owner of Manor in Swiatoszyn by the Memel River in Lithuania and of Renavas / Renowo, in 1781 - Major of the Polish King court and 1792 was the Polish Chamberlain, awarded in [before ?] 1799 with the title of Baron from Polish King. His wife Antonina Gielgud [see below], was daughter of Castellan of Samoigiten, Antoni and Barbara Judycka, with 5 children named the baron-title:
1. Anton / Antanas, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas;
2. Felix II / Feliksas, born ca 1797 or 1800 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai {see Mielzynski of Baszkow};
3. Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Ogiński born Rönne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI;

C. Amelia Załuska;

D. Ireneusz Oginski / Irenėjus Oginskis;
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Jozefina / Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski;

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759
[see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski]
married in 1780 to + Elzbieta Bielska / Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:

1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791. Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 [daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687 (acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki)].

2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

EMILIA POTOCKA m. to JOZEF KALINOWSKI b. 1790 - d. 1825
[see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA and Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski; with daughters: Jozefina b. 1816 {Józefina Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski}, OLGA b. 1822 {Olga Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski}, SEWERYNA, and MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska
{Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki. That is married to Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. on 18 November 1773 - see an affair in St Petersburg in 1840, and her daughter Maria m. KONSTANTYNOWICZ of Estonia and NESTOR Trubecki vel Kalinowski}].
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 that is MARIA / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804);
Marianna Maria Lubomirska 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824).
MARIA / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski; 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814).
Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska
[Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 that is the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin, with daughter Maria 1829-1906, and son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}].
Husband of above MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska / Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874 -
his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski).
His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793 died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski).

E. Emma Wysocka;

and F.
Ida Oginska.

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + above Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan); above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.

Maria de Neri's son - Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski (1808-1863) was the owner of Zalesie and Retów.
Above named Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski [see also Wola Pszczolecka: Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Sulimierski, Radolinski...] and Emilia Potocka she died in 1844; then Ireneusz married 2nd to Olga Kalinowska [see Trubecki, Estonia, Konstantynowicz, 1840 St Petersburg and Cracow].

Olga had 2 sons: Michal Mikolaj Oginski owner of Zalesie, and Bogdan Michal Oginski in Retów.
Bogdan Michal Oginski / Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district.



And now let's see how my genealogical research began, and not only those - in 1987 - and how it connects to the Artusov / Артур Христианович Артузов / Фраучи and Vernadsky! This short preface to my domain was formed 19 and on 20th April 2015, but its extensive fragments are also to read in the so-called 'Part 2 - Intelligence...'. So I invite you to read how somebody can create an history image omitting the historical facts...

"...The Trust's young mastermind, A. H. Artuzov / Артур Христианович Артузов (Фраучи), in his thirties at the peak of the operation, was a cousin of Potapov. Originally named Renucci or Fraucci, Artuzov is said by most sources to have returned to Russia from Genoa only on the eve of the Revolution, while the Soviets' fictionalized biography of Artuzov acknowledges that he was of Italo-Swiss ancestry. When Potapov was the Trust's emissary to Western Europe in the 1920s, he supposedly fooled the Russian aristocrats abroad into believing he was the representative of an anti-Bolshevik underground. Yet, as emigre chronicler of the Trust S. L. Voitsekhovsky had to admit, it was incomprehensible, how his contemporaries, his former superiors and colleagues, could have believed in the sincerity of his monarchical views. ... The Trust of the spies and provocateurs, as the above shows, turns out to be a microcosm of a much bigger East­West complex, whose strategic outlook was best stated by the infamous Toynbee in 1974. ... Cheka chief Dzerzhinsky wore another hat, as chairman of the Supreme Council for the National Economy, which allowed him to deal directly with the Western members of this larger Trust...".
Copyright of above quotation:
EIR Volume 15, Number 3, January 15, 1988; Š 1988 EIR News Service Inc., All Rights Reserved. A Fresh Look at the February Revolution. New KGB skirts history lessons... by Aleln and Rachel Douglas.
"John Dziak leads the IASC's work on technology security, strategic denial and deception and countermeasures. He has served over three decades as a senior intelligence officer and an executive in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and in the Defense Intelligence Agency, with long experience in weapons proliferation intelligence, counterintelligence, strategic intelligence, global countermeasures and intelligence education. He is the author of the award-winning, Chekisty: A History of the KGB (1987), numerous other books, articles, and monographs, the most recent of: which is The Military Relationship Between China and Russia, 1995-2002 (2002), and is currently preparing a book on counterintelligence. Dr. Dziak is fluent in Russian. Dr. Dziak is co-founder and President of Dziak Group, Inc., a consulting firm in the fields of technology transfer, intelligence, counterintelligence and security, and national security affairs with clients in industry and the Intelligence Community. Dr. Dziak is an Adjunct Professor at the National Defense Intelligence College".
But
"... A. H. Artuzov, in his thirties at the peak of the operation, was a cousin of Potapov. Originally named Renucci or Fraucci, Artuzov is said by most sources to have it returned Russia from Genoa only on the eve of the Revolution, while the Soviet's fictionalized biography of Artuzov acknowledges that he was of Italo - Swiss ancestry. When Potapov was the Trust's emissary is Western Europe in the 1920s, he supposedly the Russian aristocrats fooled into believing abroad he was the representative of an anti-Bolshevik underground".
In this quotation, however, is a mistake. Characteristic that appeared to it in the years 1987 and 1988.
Recently in 1987, I started by solving puzzles and political genealogy around my Konstantynowicz family in Poland and Russia.
In the first period October 1987 - September 1989 I recognized the immediate environment of our family Konstantynowicz, maybe 200 people; unfortunately it 'coincided' with the death of my father on November 3, 1987; buried 09 November 1987.
Curiosity! The webpage 'Executive Intelligence Review www.larouchepub.com/.../eirv15n03-1988011' was founded on 21 November 1987, but EIR, Executive Intelligence Review, was ed. on January 15, 1988, vol. 15, No 3. EIR: Founder and Contributing Editor: Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. and Editor-in-chief: Criton Zoakos, Editor: Nora Hamerman. EIR is published by New Solidarity International Press Service. Executive Intelligence Review is a newsmagazine founded in 1974 by the American political activist Lyndon LaRouche. The article "New KGB history skirts lessons of the...", by Aleln and Rachel Douglas, is on "A History of the KGB" by John J. Dziak, Lexington Books, 1987, 234 pages. 'Chekisty: The KGB...' was ed. the first by 'Free Press' on 28 September 1987, and again on 01 January 1988 by this publisher. The Lexington Books edited this book in October 1987, but second publisher 'Ballantine Books' ed. on October 31, 1988.
(Some on Lyndon LaRouche: "...an internationally known economist, and his exceptional successes as a long-range forecaster, are the outgrowths of his original discoveries of physical principle, dating from a project conducted during the 1948-1952 interval". Acc. to http://www.larouchepub.com/larouche_biography.
"In his subsequent search for a metrical standard for this treatment of the functional role of cognition, he adopted the Leibniz-Gauss-Riemann standpoint, as represented by Bernhard Riemann's 1854 habilitation dissertation. Hence, the employment of Riemannian conceptions to LaRouche's own discoveries became known as the LaRouche-Riemann Method. That work was further enriched by his study of the Riemannian biogeophysicist Vladimir Vernadsky, whose concepts play a major role in LaRouche's scientific work".
At https://larouchepac.com/vernadsky we read: "Throughout the work of Ukrainian-Russian [Pole] biogeochemist Vladimir Vernadsky, we find a powerful argument for why processes on Earth, and in the Universe, are organized according to a top-down principle of life, and, even higher, human cognition. This is a concept found throughout the writings and speeches of economist Lyndon LaRouche, who has often referenced the work of Vernadsky".
Vernadsky's life's work ended up culminating in a similar investigation, of the unique distinction of man from animal, something Vernadsky approached from the standpoint of a biogeochemist. Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky wrote 'Revolutionary Theory of the Biosphere and the Noosphere'.
Irina Trubetskova of the Department of Natural Resources, University of New Hampshire: After years of silence, the West finally started to discover and scientifically recognize a prominent Russian researcher, organizer of science, educator, public figure, person of encyclopedic knowledge, philosopher, and thinker - Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky, a genius that belongs to all of humanity.
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky b. 28 February 1863, was a Ukrainian / Polish and Soviet mineralogist and geochemist who is considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and of radiogeology, founder of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. In 1943 he was awarded the Stalin Prize.

История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи. Genealogy and history of the Wernadski, Modzelewski and Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia.

At http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/cult/larouche
informed by By John Mintz from Washington Post, on January 14, 1985:
It was January 1974, and Lyndon H. LaRouche Jr., the leader of a left-wing sect, was telling his followers why they had to believe his story that one of them had been brainwashed by the Soviet secret police. ... The story of how Lyndon LaRouche transformed himself from Marxist theoretician to red-white-and-blue conservative in 10 years is a tale of a political chameleon. ... He has taken with him on his ideological journey a worldwide organization that follows his every instruction and mimics his every political twist and turn, according to interviews with former LaRouche associates and experts on the group, as well as the group's internal documents. ... his organization, known as the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC), according to interviews with former NCLC members, others familiar with its activities, published reports and an examination of the group's internal documents, some of which were filed in a recent libel suit in Alexandria. ... A top associate, Nancy Spannaus ... LaRouche associates point to the Schiller Institute's sometimes large conferences as evidence that his followers do not constitute a cult. ... Paul Goldstein, a top LaRouche aide, said descriptions of the group as a cult come from former members who "have gotten burned out because of the pressure" of outsiders' attacks.
Another source: Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort by Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons, New York: Guilford Press, 2000: ...Though often dismissed as a bizarre political cult, the LaRouche organization and its various front groups are a fascist movement whose pronouncements echo elements of Nazi ideology. Beginning in the 1970s, the LaRouchites combined populist antielitism with attacks on leftists, environmentalists, feminists ... They developed an idiosyncratic, coded variation on the Illuminati Freemason and Jewish banker conspiracy theories. ... A former Trotskyist, Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., founded the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC) in 1968 as an offshoot of the radical student movement. But in the early 1970s, LaRouche engineered a political about-face, using cult pressure tactics to consolidate his grip over the NCLC and initiating a campaign of physical attacks on Communists and Black nationalists...
During the 1970s and 1980s, the LaRouchites built an international network for spying and propaganda, with links to the upper levels of government, business... The LaRouchites traded information with intelligence agencies in the United States, South Africa, East Germany, and elsewhere. ... Food for Peace and the Schiller Miezonka
Institute, and put out such publications as New Solidarity (later The New Federalist) and Executive Intelligence Review. In 1976 LaRouche's original electoral arm, the U.S. Labor Party (USLP), published a conspiracist attack on President Jimmy Carter...
In 1989, LaRouche was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for mail fraud conspiracy, based on illegal and manipulative fund-raising practices, as well as tax evasion. His organization continued to operate while he was in prison...
At Metapedia.org:
... LaRouchism, also known as the LaRouche movement, is an idiosyncratic political movement based on the views of Lyndon LaRouche, an American political activist. ... the LaRouche movement has attracted a significant amount of Jews (Anton Chaitkin, Jeffrey Steinberg, Paul Goldstein, Phil Rubinstein, Harley Schlanger and others). ...
Gregory Rose, a former chief of counter-intelligence for LaRouche who became an FBI informant in 1973, said that while the LaRouche movement had extensive links to the Liberty Lobby, there was also copious evidence of a connection to the Soviet Union. George and Wilcox say neither connection amounted to much-they assert that LaRouche was "definitely not a Soviet agent", by Wikipedia.
Helga Zepp-LaRouche founded the Schiller Institute in Germany in 1984. In the same year, LaRouche was able to raise enough money to purchase 14 television spots, at a cost of $330,000 each.
By http://www.lyndonlarouche.org/fascism19.htm:
"...Between February 1982 and February 1983, with the approval of the National Security Council, LaRouche met with Soviet embassy representative Evgeny Shershnev. Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld reported in his 2011 memoir that at a 2001 dinner in Russia with leading officials, he was told by General Yuri Baluyevsky, then the second highest-ranking officer in the Russian military, that LaRouche was the brains behind SDI. ... In 2012 the former head of the Russian bureau of Interpol, General Vladimir Ovchinsky, also described LaRouche as the man who proposed the SDI. ... The LaRouche organization's relationship with the Soviet Union ranged beyond military and scientific matters. Former NCLC intelligence staffer Kevin Coogan writes that in 1979 LaRouche met in West Germany with Julian Semenov, a Soviet spy novelist widely believed to be linked to the KGB. Semenov asked the LaRouchians to investigate the disappearance of a czarist treasure looted by the Nazis. The LaRouchians found no treasure, but they did publish an EIR teaser about it. They also published an article by Semenov on the Kennedy assassination. Predictably, he speculated that Peking was involved. Another key Soviet contact was Ioni Andronov, a correspondent for Literaturnaya Gazeta. Andronov frequently chatted with Paul Goldstein, whom he occasionally quoted as a counterintelligencc expert. In one interview Goldstein told Andronov he thought the so-called Bulgarian role in the attempted assassination of Pope John Paul was a hoax. On this point he was probably right, but he went on to suggest that the CIA might have been involved - an allegation for which there is no evidence whatsoever. ... According to Coogan, the LaRouchians met regularly with Soviet officials in Washington as late as 1983. The LaRouchians claim they provided reports on these contacts to Judge Clark's office at the NSC. Whatever the truth, LaRouchian publications until the death of Leonid Brezhnev displayed a certain degree of affection for hard-line Stalinism because of its no-nonsense attitude toward Zionists and other dissenters and its commitment to central economic planning. New Solidarity's obituary on Brezhnev praised him as a "nation builder" and avoided any mention of his invasions of Czechoslovakia and Afghanistan. Thereafter, as LaRouche became more heavily involved in supporting Star Wars and NATO, the NCLC line changed. Moscow became the "Third Rome," a center of unremitting Russian Orthodox evil. When Gorbachev took power, the LaRouchians said he was the Antichrist. The Soviets in turn took serious note for the first time of LaRouche's West European political intrigues. In the wake of the 1986 assassination of Olof Palme, the Soviet press depicted the LaRouchians as the prime suspects. ... LaRouche countered that the KGB did it, a charge for which there was no more rhyme or reason than Goldstein's allegations about the CIA and the Pope. Meanwhile, LaRouche claimed that the October 1986 government raid on his headquarters in Virginia was Soviet-inspired. According to LaRouche, when Reagan and Gorbachev met in Iceland, Gorbachev delivered an ultimatum: Either you get rid of LaRouche or there'll be no arms deal. In Paris, LaRouche sued the pro-glasnost Soviet magazine New Times for calling him a "Nazi without the swastika." It was basically the same suit he had brought repeatedly without success in American courts. The pro-glasnost Soviet magazine chose to play by Western legal rules: They mounted an aggressive courtroom defense, entering LaRouche's own writings as evidence. The Paris High Court rejected LaRouche's suit and ordered him to pay costs as well as damages to the magazine and its distributors...").

We back to my work. Then came the period of 1990 - 2002, I met Georgia, Russia, etc, but mostly tens people of Poland and other countries has granted me accurate genealogical data, and not just about family Konstantynowicz; thanks to this I could - in 1992 - provide a working thesis of particular importance: "in our family was someone on the top of the Soviet military intelligence" , and our family Konstantynowicz moved in Tsarist Russia very close to the Russian intelligence core. The parts it turned out to be true; I am writing that only partially, because the key person was a Swiss with Italian - Estonian origin, and this man had no affinity with our family, but was created by the military system, whose my Konstantynowicz family was a part: in Miezonka, Swolna, Moscow, Estonia, St. Petersburg, Kazan, the Vaud canton and the nearby Swiss villages, Riga. This search took me 27 years, but it took 20 years to Stalin it came up on the trail military conspiracy in May 1937 - probably as long, because the key person - Artusov surely created a Soviet counterintelligence, and next he took the position as head of civilian intelligence, then deputy head of the military intelligence of the Soviet Union. In the period February 2003 to date - May 2016, I communicate to all with the help of Yahoo servers in California, knowledge on the history and genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family, by using further of the factual help my readers .

So...
Sebastian Rybarczyk, journalist and publicist, specializes in the history of special services, at 'historia.focus.pl/swiat/' on January 15, 2014 write about Artuzow
(my webpage was writing on Artuzow on January the 01st, 2014 and on 08th January, 2014):
"...Strange that he did not defend himself, using his knowledge of the most senior (Soviet) leaders, eg, at early 20s (of the 20th cent.) he was responsible for the 'protection' of Clare Sheridan - an attractive young British sculptor, Churchill's cousin and lover of Trotsky and Kamenev, the personal enemies of Stalin...".
Well, unfortunately, I lost on 02 January 2014 the previous workplace.

Part 1 - Intelligence. Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia. Bolshevik Revolution 1917. Key note.

Part 2 - Intelligence. Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia. Bolshevik Revolution 1917. Key note.

Espionage and intelligence in Russia 1772, 1914, 1917, 1937, 1989.


"John F. Kennedy gave this speech to the American Newspaper Publishers Association on 27th April 1961, two and a half years before his assassination on November 22, 1963. He reveals his thoughts on secret societies and gives what seems to be a call to action. Many believed that he was referring to secret societies being established within the US Government, although others felt it was a cryptic message about an overseas communist threat", wrote down Albert Jack at https://albertjackchat.com/. Albert Jack's Mysterious World is a collection of the world's most famous and puzzling mysteries. Albert Jack is an English writer and historian.
Mick West from Sacramento said [at https://www.metabunk.org]: "...He was referring to Soviet Communism, in a speech about press freedom during the cold war. The speech (to newspaper publishers) was on April 27, 1961, more than two years before his assassination. ... The debunking here is not debunking that he said it - he did. The debunking is the use of the quote, absent the explanatory context, to make it seem like JFK was talking about some Illuminati/NWO plot ... The "common danger" is communism. The "monolithic and ruthless conspiracy" is communism. The speech is entirely about communism and the Cold War. This is made quite clear. ... He was referring to Communism, in a speech about press freedom during the cold war".
Someone had given feedback: "He was talking about the elitist, industrial complex..."; "...Sounds pretty monolithic and Ruthless to me. John F. Kennedy signed EO 11110 that abolished the Federal Reserve, a private central bank and returned the issuance of currency directly into the US Treasury. 6 months later he was dead in Dallas";
"...Here are my beliefs in a nutshell. Communism < secret societies < illuminati = Illuminati > Secret Socities > Communism. JFK says secret societies for a reason even if you think it was just about communism thats really a good point because they'd be one in the same. Your still admitting to the monolithic and ruthless conspiracy whether its communism he's talking about or not. So instead of trying to convince you that he's talking about secret societies I'll convince you that there still is a monolithic ruthless conspiracy, communism. Even though Commies and the illuminati would be described in the same way. JFK was trying to warn us that these things were gonna happen";
"...The Communist countries, and Communist sympathizers have ever been open about their intentions, but always covert and secretive about their specific activities and tactics. The governments of such countries are highly secretive and controlling, using the press in their countries as the propaganda arm of the government, censoring any criticism while lauding or outright manufacturing its successes and accomplishments. There is little question that the great threat that President Kennedy was speaking of was not the USSR, but the geo-socio-political philosophy of Marxism as promulgated by the Eastern Bloc countries, especially practiced by, but not limited to, the USSR".
And more: "The menace of communism in this country will remain a menace until the American people make themselves aware of the techniques of communism. No one who truly understands what it really is can be taken in by it. Yet the individual is handicapped by coming face to face with a conspiracy so monstrous he cannot believe it exists. The American mind simply has not come to a realization of the evil which has been introduced into our midst. It rejects even the assumption that human creatures could espouse a philosophy which must ultimately destroy all that is good and decent" - The Elks Magazine (August 1956), by John Edgar Hoover (1895 - 1972) the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States, appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation in 1924.
At http://www.truthinsideofyou.org: "...Oliver Stone shows in the movie 'JFK' the group that killed the President. It's when they meet in the park by the Washington Memorial and they ask, 'who could have had the power to do all of this', and it pans back and the two men become minute dots on the little park bench. From the top to the bottom of the screen, on the left hand side you see the whole monument the symbol, the obelisk of the real secret society ... This will be followed by a speech given by JFK at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York on April 27, 1961. He gave this speech to the National News Publishers Association. It lasts about 19 minutes or so. You've always had it. They're still here today and that speech was the one that sealed his fate. That was the real reason HE WAS KILLED PUBLICLY. Publicly executed with craftiness ... It was done craftily out in the open as he drove into the sun and his head was right there".

And now we look at the text below written in January 2014.
Bogdan Konstantynowicz, the author of this website believes that we can already, after a quarter-century of research on my genealogy, give to my readers to analyse and rethink, a few comments on the role of our family Konstantynowicz and the Polish-French family Armand from Moscow, in the deep structures of political intelligence of Tsarist Russia and in the strategic network of Russia's technology military intelligence and then even of the Soviet Union.

This is the text for further discussion.

Approximately one hundred years infiltrating of the military intelligence of Tsarist Russia by Polish agents in the years around 1814 - about 1922, brought unprecedented positive effect - Polish independence in 1918. But the Polish country was destroyed completely after the events of 1939, and above all after the creation of the Soviet protectorate in 1944/1945.

Jozef Pilsudski served for the military Austro - Hungarian intelligence, rose to the rank of brigadier general there / Brigadier. So he took advantage from the Germans and Austrians structure worked out into Tsarist Russia, which created artificial figures in the revolutionary socialist movement: Trubeckoj Nestor, Peter Kropotkin, Lenin Ulyanov, as well as in Russian networks of the military and industrial structures of the second half of the 19th century: electricity, telegraph, ciphers, decryption, generators, radio lamps, lighting lamps, aircraft, aircraft engines and vehicles, magneto for engines, new types of steel, electrical cables, airships, cars, radio, then television and soviet nuclear industry.

At the same time, the French military intelligence expanded in Russia, by the old French families, and others: English, Polish and Georgian in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
The network intelligence gone back to the Napoleonic times and the Italian Legions. Through these Cracow networks have developed for a family Trubeckoj, Kalinowski, Oginski, Konstantynowicz, Paszkowski, Armand, Demontet, Duflon, Rey, Diserens.

Russian military intelligence and counterintelligence created by Baltic German families from Latvia and Estonia, went back as far to families: Schilling, Benkendorf, Dubbelt, Rosenberg, Gernet, Rehbinder, Rosen, and next a military intelligence network reached Georgia and Svaneti - Racha: Japaridze, Dadiani, Gruzinsky, Maipariani - full this system took over the Pilsudski movement from the top, among others by family Konstantynowicz from Miezonka, Moscow, Tallinn and Viljandi.

The great importance in this system of underground operation had Armand family from Moscow, next of kin with the Wild, Demontet, a Georgian families, Konstantynowicz and Paszkowski.
Therefore they were relatives of Trubecki, Siedych, Rosenberg, Armand, Manfred, and had a Georgians family: Dadiani, Gruzinsky, Japaridze and Maipariani.
The Russian counterintelligence climb on this system. Now appeared Spychalski family, Jaroszewicz, Zarako Zarakowski, Swierczewski, Żymierski.
On the margin remained Malkiewicz and Horodecki, Szostak and Zbieranowski and Andrzejak of Lodz and many others from Estonia, Latvia, Georgia, Belarus and Russia, and Finland, and of course in Sweden: Nobel, Damm, Hagelin, Hakker.
With the intelligence system of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and of the Tsarist Russia fully used by the Jozef Pilsudski,
in order to rebuild Polish state.
Took over the structure in Lodz, Krakow, St. Petersburg, in Belarus and Moscow.
Inesse Armand and Anna Konstantynowicz were planted to Lenin, not counting other Armands.

Pilsudski always spoke he has got a few or a dozen years to build and re-build the independent Polish state, because then Russia raise with knees.
It was surely Stalin who idolized the Russian imperial state. However, it succeeded smash Russia in the 1917 - 1922 and rebuild Poland in 1918.

The eldest Pole among above military figures was
general Jan Jacyna.

Jan (John) Jacyna born 15 December 1864, died on 10, December 1930 in Warsaw. He was the son of Alexander and Natalia nee Hejnarowicz. "In 1878, he graduated from high school in St. Petersburg, and the College of Engineering at Kronstadt and the St. Petersburg Military Academy of Artillery". Major-General in 1911. 1917 was an vice-president of the Association of Military Poles and president and treasurer of the Supreme Polish Military Committee in St. Petersburg. 1921 - 1922 adjutant general of the Head of State. Jacyna was married to Wiktoria Ossowiecki, with whom he had a son, Alexander b. 1894.

He served in a
"
Main technical committee"
of the Navy Ministry in St Petersburg since 1891;
at a later date he acted, 
1901 - 1917

as member on "
the board of directors of government armouries" of the Navy Ministry (next War and Navy  Ministry) in Petersburg.
Since then he was near to problems of war industry in Russia, especially during  -
1914 / 1917 - the First world war; then (since 1915)

he co-operated with "
Military - industrial committee" composite of war industry's representatives and he ran up against suggestions of aeroplanes deliveries and aerial inventions
(
confer Jan Jacyna memoirs, vol. 1, p. 71);

he was the most known general in all Polish environments of St Petersburg at the beginning of the 20th  cent., amidst military and industrial activists
, social workers after the Bolshevik revolution, and also among the Polish active politicians in Russian parliament  since 1905/06; he was near to the imperial Russian court; general Jan Jacyna evaluated figure of Wladymir Boncz Brujewicz wholy negative when paid a  call on Lenin at the end of January 1918;  

(general Jan Jacyna kept in touch with  e.g.

Michal Szydlowski and Karol Jaroszynski = Karol Yaroshinsky, who managed with a big loans especially  during  the First world war. On Jaroszynski see
Shay McNeal, "The Plots to Rescue the Tsar", ed. London 2001  

[Karol Yaroshinsky / Karol Jaroszynski "(...) died in near poverty in 1928. His last years were spent in pain as a result of a poison needle having been jabbed into him at the opera in Paris at almost the same time as Sidney Reilly disappeared in the Soviet Union
(
in the 1920s). (...) Before the Revolution, he had fallen in love with one of the Tsar's daughters (...). Near to Krivoshein - the man who brought Yaroshinsky into the Allied banking scheme. (...) Yaroshinsky was the financial benefactor to the Romanov family during the last days of their captivity in Tobolsk and Ekaterinburg in 1918. The man was involved with Henry Armitstead and Jonas Lied, who had been paid through the British Secret Service for activities in Northern Russia
(
1918)."]
).

The Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company co-operated with the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank.

According to V. S. Solomko at http://www.encspb.ru/ this St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank was a joint-stock commercial bank, opened in 1869, cooperating especially closely with the

St. Petersburg International Bank

by taking part "in the military industrial group to build submarines for the Baltic Navy. The group included Lessner's Plant and Nobel's Plant in St. Petersburg, which played a leading role in the group, as well as Fenix, Atlas, and Gatchinsky Ironworks".

Guchkov Alexander Ivanovich b. 1862, political and public figure, banker and businessman, was Director of Moscow Discount Bank. In 1907 and 1915, he was elected Member of State Assembly representing Industry and Trade, heading a Defence Commission 1907-10.
In St Petersburg, he was a member of St Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank's board.
From 1915, he was Chairman of the Central Military-Industrial Committee and a member of the Special Meeting for defence.
At the end of 1916, he designed plans for dynastic coup, acc. to A. G. Kalmykov and http://www.encspb.ru.

The 'Duflon...' Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8: Evgeny / Evgenij Evgienievich Armand - Chairman, Nikolai Danilovich Liesienko who 1906 - 1914 represented the interests of the company in St. Petersburg, L. F. Duflon who lived since 1908 in Switzerland, Alexander E. Armand, Sergei Gernet son of Pavel and Emil I. Ramseyer.

The member of the Duflon & Konstantynowicz board of directors, Sergei Pavlovich Gernet b. 1859, in Gdov, the Pskov Oblast, Russia, died in May 1918 in Saint Petersburg; he was the son of Paul Bernard Gernet; father of Evgenii Sergeevich Gernet - marine oficer.
Above Paul Bernard Gernet / Paul BERNGARD Gernet, b. 1819 in Saint Petersburg, d. 1859 in above Gdov, was son of Woldemar Fridrich von Gernet; husband of Dorotheya Gernet.
Above Woldemar Fridrich von Gernet b. 1783 in Tallinn, d. 1857, was son of Christian Wilhelm Gernet, and Woldemar was husband of Juliane Hermine BERGMANN b. 1791. Woldemar Fridrich von Gernet b. 1783 in Tallinn, d. 1857 = Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783, died 1857.
Above Christian Wilhelm Gernet {he had sister Friederike Auguste Stenbock Fermor born von Gernet}, born in 1740 or in November 1741, in Reval (Tallinn), died 1819, was son of Karl Gotlib Gernet b. 1700;
Christian / Christophe von Gernet married Charlotte REHBINDER b. 1755, died 1821 - that is Charlotte Beate Eleonore born Rehbinder, 1763 - 1817, daughter of Georg Johann von Rehbinder and Beata Katharina born von Krüdener b. 1734.
History and genealogy of the Constantinovich family with relatives: Pushkin, Troubetzkoy, Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Sedykh from Kazan, Soltan, Oginski, Paszkowski and Kalinowski from Cracow, Zbieranowski, Zarako-Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Armand in Moscow and Petersburg, Gernet from Estonia, Dunkel / Tunkel from Estonia, Dubbelt / Dubelt from Riga, Bakst, Demonet or De Monet, Dizeren, Azbelev, Holynski of 18th cent., Bagration-Gruzinski and Mukhrani from Sakartvelo-Georgia.

Named above Karl Gotlib Gernet, 1700 - 1791, had 4 children:

1. Фридрих Карлов Гернет, 1738 - 1789. Eberhard Friedrich von Gernet was born on November 26, 1738 in Lehhlola / Lehhola / Lehola in Estonia and died on July 29, 1789 in Ohtel / Ohtu, Estonia (Ohtel / Ohtu - only 3 km south - east of Lehola, near to Keila, and ca 15 / 13 km to Uksnurme.

2. above Христиан Вильгельм Карлов Гернет, 1740 / 1741 - 1819.

Christian Wilhelm / Христиан Вильгельм Гернет died ca 1819; born in Lehhola, Estonia - his sons:
a. Hans Moritz von Gernet born 1775 died 1860 (his son Adam Oskar von Gernet 1834 in Reval - 1908 in Reval - and his son: Moritz Nikolai Oswald von Gernet born 1867 Sallenstad - d. ?) and
b. Otto Heinrich von Gernet (1780 Reval - 1848) and
c. Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783 died 1857;

3. Карл Густав Карлов Готлибов Гернет 1747 - 1812
(Carl Gustav von Gernet born in Waikna and died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia with son Karl Iogann / Carl Iohan von Gernet - Waikna / Vaikna that is support manor of Koluvere manor, Kullamaa Parish in Läänemaa County; 38 km east of Haapsalu and also east of Kiideva, north-west-north of Parnu, 70 km circa. Note: Jula Dunkel b. 1840, from Ridala Parish, Lääne County, Estonia - her father Kustas Dunkel b. 1814 from Haeska, 7 km east of Kiideva (Gernet) and south-east of Haapsalu, about 23 km west of Vaikna)

[he had son Карл Иоганн Карлов Густавов Гернет b. 1776, died 1857 with son Lieutenant Фридрих Магнус Карлов Иоганнов Гернет 1824 - 1909; and grandson Адам Рихард Эрнст Фридрихов Магнусов Гернет 1878 - 1944]
4. Мориц Карлов Готлибов Гернет 1775 - 1860
{Moritz had son Оскар Морицов Гернет 1834 - 1908, and grandson, historian Аксель Конрад Оскаров Гернет, served the prosecutor office in St Petersburg, 1865 - Feb. 1920; and with great-grandchildren:
Элизабет Акселев Конрадов 1894 - 1985, Магдалина Шарлотта Акселева Гернет 1896 - 1983, Вильгельм Оскар Акселев Конрадов Гернет 1900 - 1934}.

A brother of above KARL / Carl Gottlieb b. 1700:
Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet, Sr., 1702 / 1703 in Reval (Tallinn), died 1772 in Reval (Tallinn), son of Joachim Gernet and Hedwig Sidonie; husband of Anna Margaretha with children:
Joachim Heinrich Gernet; Catharine Margarethe Lindberg; Johann Christian Gernet; Dorothea Elisabeth Rodde; Johann Christian Gernet; Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet, Jr.; Friedrich Gottlieb Gernet; Friedrich Gottlieb Gernet; Christoph von Gernet; Anna Christina; Anna Magaretha Chalenius; Peter Gernet 1748 - 1749 in Tallinn, and Peter Gernet 2nd
{Peter Gernet b. 1749 in Tallinn, Estonia, died in 1807 in Archangielsk / Arkhangelsk; father of Anna Magarethe Gernet; Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet; Peter Joachim Gernet; Anna Margarethe Crowe; Dorothea Elisabeth Shergold; Peter Joachim Gernet; George Gernet; Johannes Gernet; Emerentia Charlotte Tieden; Margarethe Elisabeth Gernet; Margarethe Elisabeth Meyer; Luise Wilhelmine Gernet and Carl Firedrich Gernet}.

Wilhelm Heinrich Gernet, Sr., born in 1702 in Reval (Tallinn) was the brother of Katharina Elisabeth Gernet; Hedwig Dorothea Herlin; Johann Friedrich Gernet; above Carl Gottlieb von Gernet; Friedrich Gottlieb Gernet; and Christina Sophia Gernet; half brother of Joachim Gernet; Margaretha / Margarete Laurin and Dorothea Gernet.

Named above Sergei Pavlovich Gernet b. 1859, in Gdov [east of the Pskovsko-Tschudshkoye ozero], the Pskov Oblast, Russia, died in May 1918 in Saint Petersburg, had son
Eugene S. Gernet b. 1882, Kronstadt, d. 1943, Spartak village, the Pavlodar Province, Kazakhstan; captain of the 2nd rank in 1917; during the Russian-Japanese War, distinguished during the defense of Port Arthur (1904), the First world war: he served in the Black sea (1916); then he served the Soviet Navy in 1918, commanded the squadron moved from Sevastopol to Novorossiisk. The commander of the Volga (1919), Azov (1920) and other fleets. Polar explorer, hydrographer (1933-38). Arrested in 1938, he died in exile.
History and genealogy of the   von  Mohrenschildt ancestry  and Pilar Pilchau, Rehbinder, Dunkel, Krauze, Konstantynowicz in Tallinn; Armand and Paszkowski in Moscow


A note on the Gernet family from Estland / Estonia:

Natalie Praskowia Rehbinder b. 1796 died 1862, her father Peter Woldemar Rehbinder b. 1757 d. 1823; her husband Alexander August von Gernet b. 1786 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia and died on October 5, 1865 in Lehhola. Lehola is a settlement in Keila Parish, Harju County in northwestern Estonia, 15 km south-west of Harku, and 18 km west of Saku. His father Carl Gustav von Gernet b. 1747 died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia.

Brothers of above Aleksander Gernet: Georg Gustav von Gernet 1780 - 1846, Wilhelm Adolf von Gernet 1792 - 1867, Karl Johann von Gernet 1776 who died on November 8, 1857 in Lauenhof, Podrala, Valdamaa / Valgamaa County, Estland / Estonia.


Son of above Karl Johann Gernet: Karl Jakob Rudolf von Gernet 1826 died April 20, 1912 in Hapsal / Haapsalu, Estonia. His brother: Magnus Friedrich von Gernet 1824 died October 22, 1909 in Reval / Tallinn, Estonia - and his son:
Rudolf Jakob von Gernet was born 1864 and died in 1944.
More at http://konstantynowicz.info/Konstantinovich_Troubetskoy_Orlov_Denisov_Bagrationi_Paszkovsky_Siedych_Armand_Demonets/Estonia_Russia_Belarus_Poland/toll_rehbinder_steinberg_gernet_nomme_harku_saku/index.html;

see a notes on the Rosen family and Carl Gustav von Gernet 1747 - 1812 / Карл Густав Карлов Готлибов Гернет at my domain.

More at http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan_Konstantynowicz_encyklopedia_Polski_Niepodleglej/index.html

We look now at the genealogy
CARL MAGNUS Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803, Yoggis / Jogisoo near KEILA (see HACKER or Hakker family next of kin to the ARMANDS and PASZKOWSKI - Konstantynowicz)
- 8 km east-south (or in Padis / Padise), he died in 1862, Revel, the owner of Jogisoo / Yoggisa and Pallu ca 6 km south of above named Jogisoo, in Estonia (Yoggis / Jogisoo / Yoggisa / Jöggis). Chief of District. Baronial title in 1855.
His wife was Katharina Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt / MORENSHILD / Katharina Augusta Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1811 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland that is Kreuz Hof, died in 1855, Revel, the daughter of Berend von Mohrenschildt, owner of Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald and Eleanor Juliana Elisabeth von Rosenthal.
That is Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth Rosenthal daughter of Gustav Heinrich von Wetter-Rosenthal.

CARL MAGNUS Reinhold / Karl Magnus Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was son of Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm; father of Gustav Adolf Pilar von Pilchau; Konstantin Behrend Alexander Pilar von Pilchau; Reinhold Berend Alexander Pilar von Pilchau and Karl Julius Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau;
brother of Emilie Caroline Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau and Gertrude Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1806.

Above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau was son of
Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau b. 1734 (Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau died in 1801 in Jöggis), who was father of
1. Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau b. 1761;
2. Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau;
3. Jakob Johann Pilar von Pilchau;
4. Catharina Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau and
5. above named Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau;
6. Major Магнус Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 or 1769. His wife was Maria Becu with her children: Zofia / София Пилар фон Пильхау and a son who was born in Wilno / Вильнюс - Alexandr / Alexander Karl / Aleksander Karol Pilchau Pilar, b. 1802 [see Artuzow - Frautchi and Dzierzynski - a line to Jozef Pilsudski, Bulhak, Kojalowicz, Bilewicz, von Ronne {Mielzynski, Paszkowski, Angela Merkel, Suchocka, Sulkowski, Venture de Paradise, Breguet...}, Komorowski, Oginski and Kalinowski - and to Walewski - Wola Pszczolecka...].

More about Estonia, Saue, Keila, Lehola, Tallinn:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Konstantinovich_Troubetskoy_Orlov_Denisov_Bagrationi_Paszkovsky_Siedych_Armand_Demonets/Estonia_Russia_Belarus_Poland/toll_rehbinder_steinberg_gernet_nomme_harku_saku/index.html.

Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa - ca 30 km south-west of KEILA {above Berend Robert / Behrend von Mohrenschildt, b. 1786 in Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa, died in 1861 in Kreuzhof} -
http://konstantynowicz.info/family_history_genealogy_historia_rodzina_genealogia/Italy_UK_Switzerland_Estonia_Sweden_Belarus_Russia_Poland_France/Belarusian_Estonian_Polish_Russian_genealogical_historical_database/index.html.

At http://konstantynowicz.info/encyklopedia_internetowa_Polski_Niepodleglej_czesc_1_1768-1990/index.html
all on the genealogy of Von Mohrenschildt with family connections to Pauline Wilhelmine Rehbinder b. 1818;
and with the Douglas clan;
and about Gertrude Elisabeth nee Pilar von Pilchau, born 1806 in Jöggis / Jogisoo, the Saue vald, Harjumaa, Estonia - d. 1847 (see Dunkel and Krauze) the daughter of mentioned above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau (see Becu, Dzierzynski and Pilsudski) and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm. She was sister of named above Carl / Karl Pilar von Pilchau and Emilie Caroline Elisabeth.
Von Mohrenshildt family - genealogical and historical database
Details on the Dadiani family:
Prince Alexander Leonovich Dadian / Aleksandr Leonovich Dadiani b. 1800, was married two times:
1. to Princess Nina Farnaozovna Georgia / Нина Фарнаозовна Грузинская b. 1802, daughter of Prince Gruzinsky and Princess Anne Georgian Eristov - Ksani / Аннa Эристовa-Ксанскa, making his son Nicholas (1824-1829);
2. in 1836 to Baroness Lydia G. Rosen (1817-1866) / Розен Лидия Григорьевна, daughter of
Gregor / Grigori Vladimirovitch von Rosen 2-nd / Gregory Vladimirovich Rosen (1782-1841) and Elizabeth Dmitrievna Zubov / Елизаветa Дмитриевнa Зубов (1790/1792-1862). Mentioned above Elisabeth Dmitrievna von Rosen Gfin. Zubova / Елизавета Дмитриевна, b. 1792, d. 1862 in Moscow, was daughter of Дмитрий Александрович Zubov and Прасковья Александровна.
Above Gregor / Grigori Vladimirovitch von Rosen 2-nd had parents - Олимпиада Федоровна / Olimpiada von Rosen nee Rajewskij / Olimpiada Rajewska, and his father was Woldemar / Vladimir Ivanowitsch von Rosen b. 1742 in Reval.

Above Baroness Lydia G. Rosen (1817-1866) {see also Japaridze, Oldenburg, Armand, Konstantynowicz} that is Lydia Grigorievna Dadianov / DADIANI / nee von Rosen, died in Moscow, was wife of above named Alexander Leonevitch Dadiani Gf. von Mingrelien / Prince Alexander Leonovich Dadian;
Lydia was mother of Maria Arseniew; Антон Александрович Дадиани, and Paraskewa Alexandrovna von Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.
See: above mentioned Дмитрий Александрович Zubov b. 1764, d. 1836, was father of Aleksandr Zubov; and above named Elisabeth Dmitrievna von Rosen [Elizabeth Dmitrievna Zubov / Елизаветa Дмитриевнa Зубов, 1790/1792-1862; see DADIANI !]; Варвара Дмитриевна Сухтелен; Anna Knuth; Екатерина Дмитриевна Пашкова; and Николай Дмитриевич Зубов.

Above Gregory Vladimirovich Rosen / Grigori Vladimirovitch von Rosen 2-nd (1782-1841) was son of General Lieutenant Владимир Иванович Розен, that is Woldemar (Vladimir Ivanowitsch, 1742 - 1790) von Rosen and Олимпиада Федоровна von Rosen. Above Vladimir was son of Иоганн Христиан Розен and his second wife Шарлоттa Доротa Врангель.

Gregory Vladimirovich Rosen (1782-1841) and Elizabeth Dmitrievna Zubov that is the branch of Dadiani - Japaridze - Armand - Konstantynowicz;
Hans Wilhelm Gustav von Rosen, 1780 - 1862, that is the branch to Gernet - Duflon - Konstantynowicz.

Above Hans Wilhelm Gustav von Rosen, was son of Robert von Rosen, owner of Rackamois, and Charlotte Gertrude Helene von Meyendorff; husband of Katharina von Matthias with children: Robert Hans Otto Friedrich von Rosen; Gottlieb Reinhold Wilhelm von Rosen, owner of Russal; Helene; and Karl Gustav Woldemar Amandus von Rosen. HANS was the brother of Auguste Julie Olympia von Samson-Himmelstjerna and Juliane Charlotta.

Above Robert von Rosen, owner of Rakkamois / Rackamois and Resna in Estonia, b. 1748 in Resna / Roosna (Sonorm), the Ambla Parish, in the Järva County, Estonia; died 1813 in Raka (Rackamois), the Ambla Parish; was son of Hans Christian von Rosen, owner of Sonorm and Anna Luise Elisabeth von Budberg; husband of Augusta Friederike Renate von Derfelden and above Charlotte Gertrude Helene von Meyendorff, with children: Hans Wilhelm Gustav von Rosen; Auguste Julie Olympia von Samson-Himmelstjerna and Juliane Charlotta.

Robert von Rosen was the brother of mentioned above Woldemar (Vladimir Ivanowitsch) von Rosen b. 1742 in Reval [see DADIANI and ARMAND]. Above Woldemar died 1790 in Rossia / Resna.
Above Hans Christian von Rosen, owner of Sonorm m. Anna Luise Elisabeth von Budberg.
Woldemar (Vladimir Ivanowitsch) von Rosen was father of Alexander Vladimirovich von Rosen 3rd; Gregor (Grigori Vladimirovitch) von Rosen 2nd; Olimpia (Olympia) Rajewskij and Maria.
Above Gregor (Grigori Vladimirovitch) von Rosen 2nd b. 1781, d. 1841 in Moscow, was father of Екатерина Григоьевна Пашкова; Dmitri Grigorjevich von Rosen; Прасковья Григорьевна; Alexander von Rosen; Nikolai von Rosen.
Above Olimpia (Olympia) Rajewskij b. 1789, died 1816, m. Basil Rajewskiy.

Emil I. Ramseyer was the Swiss citizen, the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, chairman of the Board of the 'Atlas' Society in St. Petersburg;
his brother Ramseyer Y. I., Swiss citizen was also the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank and Director of the Company 'Sormovo'.
On the Рамзай surname:
we are looking for who is Riemsnyder / Reimsnyder / Reemsnyder / Reamsnyder or Ramseyer / Рамзай К. А. / Ramsay K. A. - a family from Estonia and St. Petersburg
.

Lenin's funds in Russia and the German military intelligence service - part 2: Alexander = Helphand vel Parvus (from Berezyna / Berezino) and also Hanecki and Mecheslav Yulevich Kozlovsky (Mieczyslaw Kozlowski son of Julian, a Bolshevik attorney, died in 1927, was described as the chief recipient of the German money that was transferred from Berlin through the Diskonto-Gesellschaft to the Stockholm Nya Banken and thence to the Siberian Bank in Petrograd) had been working for Parvus, Sklarz in Berlin, Karinsky, Bonch-Bruyevich, Lenin, Radek, and Vorovsky; Eugenia Mavrikievna Sumenson (Eugenia daughter of Maurycy, a woman relative of Hanecki), Svenson vel Hans Steinwachs, Alexinsky.


Curiously enough:

New Russian military intelligence under different names operated from October 21, 1918. At this time the Red Army was already a huge and powerful body but after October, 1917, Bolsheviks faced with many difficulties, including the collapse of the army. Therefore, reorganizing the old army, they left in the War Department that is the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs - General Directorate of the General Staff (GUGSH) and this body consisted the 2nd Division of the General Quartermaster in December 1917, which was the central organ of intelligence and counterintelligence services of the armed forces of Russia. So by the end of 1918, Soviet military intelligence in full was as the legal successor of the pre-revolutionary military intelligence. GUGSH headed General V. V. Marushevsky (Polish?) who refused to cooperate with the new government.

Then Quartermaster-General Nikolai Mikhailovich Potapov was new chief of the military intelligence
(in 1915-1917, Potapov was the Main Director of the General Staff at the office of General Quartermaster. However, according to some reports, he - from July 1917 - collaborated with the military organization of the Petersburg bolshevik Committee. In November, 1917 to May 1918, Potapov served as Chief of Staff, and acting as assistant manager of the Military Department; in June 1918, he became a member of the Supreme Military Council, and from July 1919 Chairman of the Military Legislative Council).

Colonel Yudin was the bolshevik Commissar and Peter F. Ryabikov, after the coup, was had remained in the office because the Bolsheviks did not touch the military intelligence, as opposed to counter-military intelligence, which they immediately dispersed, as it was involved in the campaign of charges the Bolsheviks was spying for Germany in the summer of 1917.

Crisis of foreign intelligence commenced with the end of December 1917: colonel Andrey Stanislavsky (Polish?) entered the service for the French intelligence, and intelligence reports from the allies - the French military mission in Moscow - came to the end in July 1918. In February 1918, the country faced with bloody civil war, and in March 1918 the Soviet government established the Supreme Military Council for the organization of the armed forces of Red Army with a military leader, former tsarist general M. D. Bonch-Bruevich and two political commissars Shutko and P. Proshyan. On March 17, 1918, the Supreme Military Council included: a military leader, his assistant, Quartermaster-General with several assistants, and intelligence chiefs, a field inspector of artillery, and others; on March 19, 1918: Chairman - People's Commissar for Military Affairs Leon Trotsky, the Council members and above named General N. Potapov. In June, 1918 the Supreme Military Council was reorganized and included: a military leader Bonch - Bruevich, chief of staff and staff occupied by former officers, the deputy of the military leader appointed a former Major General of General Staff Alexander Alexandrovich Samoylo, an assistant Chief of Operations of the Supreme Military Council was Colonel Alexander Kovalevsky (Polish? April - May 1918). Kovalevsky, soon will move to the South, where he headed the mobilization management of the North Caucasus Military District; here he with General Nosovich (Polish?) were arrested by Stalin, but after Nosovich was fleeing to the 'white', Kovalevsky was again arrested and shoted.

Wladymir i.e. Vladimir Bonch - Bruevich was publisher and one of Lenin's closet associates. Curiosity! Lenin signed certificate for V. Bonch-Bruevich on July 7, 1920 because of a month's holiday and travels to Kulgaevka / Kulgajewka village in the Klimovichi county, Moghilev / Mogilev province, when the Red Army went on the general offensive - begun on July 4, 1920 - against Poland. Wladymir i.e. Vladimir Bonch - Bruevich had got a cabin in autonomous Finland and Lenin had hiding place there in period July - October 10th, 1917 [Old Style] i.e. to 23rd October;
Vladimir Bruevich was administration manager at the Council of People's Commissars in November 1917;
cf. F. Antoni Ossendowski, "Shadow of the bleak East", edition of 1919 and 1921, p. 57 - 58: he was known to sphere of Petersburg high society, Polish "old nobleman", secret chieftain of socialists; he concealed of Trocki - Bronstein in Petersburg A.D. 1905 and also directed Chrustalow - Nosar or Chrustalov - Nosari in 1905.

The second brother, older - general
Michail (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich either Bonch - Bruyevich Mikhail Dmitriyevich or Michal Bonc - Bruevic, see - if you read Russian - here:  http://history.tuad.nsk.ru/index.html
(b. 1870 - died 1956; son of Dmitry who stayed in Moscow) who was tsarist general. Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch - Bruyevich from 1892 to 1895 served as an officer with the Lithuanian Guards Regiment at Warsaw. He was in command of the 176th Perevolochensky Regiment, based at Chernigov in 1914 and had known Russian aviator Pyotr Nesterov. The chief of staff and deputy commander of the Russian Northern Front and commander of the Northern Front from 29 August 1917 to 9 September 1917. September 1917 (?) a chief of the Russian military counterintelligence.
Above inf. acc. to http://www.x-libri.ru/elib/ by Arsen Martirosyan Benikovich, 'Conspiracy marshals. British intelligence against the Soviet Union'.
'Germane-norden' and 'Balticum' were extremely influential in Germany, and in Russia - representatives of the ancient aristocratic families of the number pro-German Ostsee (Baltic) Barons played a crucial role in large-scale after February and October 1917 Revolutions in Russia, close to the head of the Russian military counterintelligence Gen. M. Bonch-Bruevich (brother of Lenin's closest aide). Different source: On September 9, 1917, Бонч-Бруевич / Bonch-Bruevich was replaced as commander by Gen. V. A. Cheremisov / В. А. Черемисов and appointed to the Supreme Commander. Arriving at the General Headquarters in Mogilev, Bonch-Bruevich established contact with the Mogilev Soviet of Workers and Soldiers Deputies and 27 September 1917 was co-opted into its executive committee in Mogilev by Dnieper river. In early October 1917, Bonch-Bruevich rejected the appointment of Governor-General of the Southwestern Region in Kiev and Omsk and took over as head of the Mogilev garrison.
But acc. to Soviet Security and Intelligence Organizations, 1917-1990: A Biographical..., by Michael Parrish, we read that M. D. Bonch-Bruevich was a General in Tsarist Counterintelligence.
Next M. D. Bonch-Bruevich was chief of staff of the Supreme Commander after November 1917
. Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch - Bruyevich was the military director of the Supreme Military Council and chief of general field staff of the Red Army (field staff of the Revolutionary Military Council) in 1918 - 1919.

Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch - Bruyevich was the specialist in take a pictures from airplanes and organized the first technical office of aerial photograph in 1925; he wrote "The aerial photograph" in 1931 and similar book in 1934 (and  Grigorij - his son Mikolaj (2nd) b. 1896 was general of the Soviet air force).


The family von Pilar Pilchau from Pärnu and south-western foreland of Tallinn, played a major role in the political activities of Estonia in the nineteenth century, combining both stories Polish struggle for independence with history of Estonia.


Among relatives and next of kins of our Konstantynowicz 'Mscislau' branch appeared the Zarako Zarakowski family in the second half of 19th cent. and in the 20th cent.; 

the Spychalski family from Lodz was related to kinsmen of our lineage at the turn of the 20th century and in the middle of the 20th cent.; 

the Jaroszewicz family had connection to our line in the middle of the 20th cent. (the Jaroszewicz house derived from the Vicebsk province and had Prus the 1st arms, they possessed here the Ostupiszcze estate from Gruzewski family since 1710 to the end of the 18th cent.; Jerzy Piotr Jaroszewicz with Kwaczynski nickname was an officer here in 1713 - 1714 and somebody here in 1716; related to Kownacki, Rymaczewski and Kopakowski according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 3; among others several of the Jaroszewiczs died in Old Bychow in 1655; priest Manuel Jaroszewicz in Sluck A.D. 1666, Roman Jaroszewicz in Mahileu in 1682, and Jan Jaroszewicz in Vilna 1720 - 1722, another Jan Jaroszewicz and also his son Jan lived in Szaule near by Mejszagola in 1753, Ludwik Jaroszewicz lived in the Mscislau province in 1764; the Jaroszewiczs were related to Jankowski, Olszewski and Chodasiewicz families in the Dzisna district and also they served Radzivill family in the Minsk government at the turn of the 20th cent.; Dmitrij Jaroszewicz son of Konstantin, Russian admiral)

the Swierczewski family was near socially associated with us, for instance in the sixtieth of the 20th century. 

Some Generals, Prime Minister, the Head of State and one marshal of the communistic Poland - creators of the Soviet   transitory administration 1943 / 1990 - derived from these families. Relatives of our Konstantynowicz branch kept in touch  with  Jozef  Pilsudski, Michal Zymierski and Wladyslaw Sikorski at the moment in the first half of the 20th century - marshals  and  General with different political views. 

It wonder that three Marshals and General - military prosecutor died with natural death but three remaining Generals died with tragic death.

The Jaroszewicz marriage was murdered by former Secret Service and the Soviet KGB officers, acc. to http://nowahistoria.interia.pl/historia-na-fotografii/. Jaroszewicz was supposed to suggest that Charles / Karol Swierczewski 'Walter' betrayed him in 1947, the secret disclosed by the Soviet General, concerning the replacement of the Polish communist leaders by Soviet agents-look-alikes.

About a backstage of murder of the Jaroszewicz couple writes in book 'Famous couples PRL', Sławomir Koper, ed. by 'Red and Black', at website http://wiadomosci.wp.pl/ on 11 February 2014. "...Jaroszewicz apparently had financial problems, but saved a sell-numismatists, which Peter has accumulated during his long career. ... journalist Bohdan Roliński published two interviews with former Prime Minister. ... indicated that Jaroszewicz spoke with Karol Świerczewski, who told him that the Russians used the 'method of matrioszka', of substituting Polish communist by Soviet agents - look-alikes. Jaroszewicz and Świerczewski have identified several 'matrioszka', including Jozef Swiatlo and Boleslaw Bierut. Jaroszewicz suggested that the death of Świerczewski could be related to this knowledge. ... Even more sensational hypothesis has a journalist of the weekly Angora, Leszek Szymowski, who stated that the reason for the murder was the Jaroszewicz archive, which contained a copy of the documents incriminating Wojciech Jaruzelski, Czeslaw Kiszczak and other politicians 80s. This crime was part of a broader plan to eliminate all that could stopped the conduct of political transformation, directed by generals Kiszczak and Jaruzelski. Weekly Wprost published information suggesting that the death of Jaroszewicz has connected with the secret wartime archives of the Reich Security Office, which at the end of World War II went to the baroque palace in Radomierzyce near Zgorzelec. ... among others Gestapo informers lists, documents relating to French collaboration with the Third Reich ... In 1945, Colonel Piotr Jaroszewicz and several other officers had some explosive packages of securities before the archives were transferred to the USSR. ... Tadeusz Steć was killed in his own home at the hands of unknown assailants just a few months after Peter. Before his death, he was tortured... Jerzy Fonkowicz was assassinated in 1997. In 2007, the theory that the murder was related to the Jaroszewicz Nazi archive has placed the Criminal Intelligence Bureau of the Police Headquarters (in Poland). ... ignored the testimony of the witness (who said he saw one woman and two men the morning on September 1 came out of the house). At the end of 2005, analysts Archive X (section dealing with the explanation of complex criminal cases) found that from the register of the murder of Jaroszewicz lost key evidence, that is, the three bags with traces of unidentified fingerprints. The prints were found at the glasses of Jaroszewicz and cabinet doors located in his office... Biography of Jaroszewicz overgrown in many myths. The future prime minister was born in 1909 in Nieśwież ... ... In August 1943 he was still Private, but after several months already a colonel, and after a further eight (after the war) general! Even Napoleon Bonaparte promoted from lieutenant to general took a little more time...".

Generals of communistic People Polish Army: Karol Swierczewski, Piotr Jaroszewicz and Marian Spychalski (later on the Marshal) in the fourties of the 20th century were deputies of Michal Zymierski - Marshal and communistic Minister of Defense. The genealogy of my Mscislau "inlet" of the Konstantynowicz ancestry point out long and strong connections with the Imperial Russian Army and Russian military intelligence since the seventies of the nineteenth century  and after  when they served in tsarist Georgia / Sakartvelo 
but especial at the turn of the 20th century. It was the tsarist military technology intelligence at the beginning of the 20th century.  

This connections fade away probably at the end of the 20th century?



For less proficient in genealogy and the less initiated in conspiracy theories, I have a few clues. First you have to read this page.
Then read the first five chapters of the following links.
Then you have about 100 sites where it shows the details of the individual topics:
families, people, events [it is only 200 to 250 years] ... On this side to look for key words:
Merkel, Komorowski, Oginski, Suchocka, Bilewicz or Billewicz, Mielzynski, Rönne or RONNE, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski, Pilar Pilchau.
Geographers have got few villages and towns:
Pawlowice [Mielzynski], Baszkow, Perzyce [see Angela Merkel], Rawicz, Krotoszyn;
to village Wola Pszczolecka and Miezonka in BELARUS [Kiedrzynski and Konstantynowicz with link to ARMAND in Moscow - back to BREGUET and DUFLON]; Kurmene / Kurmen and Radkuny [Komorowski], Retow [Oginski], Gorżdy / Gorzdy / Gargzdai / Gargždai [von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE].

The relatives of the family Konstantynowicz lived in Wola Pszczółecka in the nineteenth century [see Kiedrzynski, Sulimierski, Radolinski, Walewski and Fiszer].

This village had very close contacts with Krotoszyn and Rawicz - Leszno area [see Rokossowski, Soltyk, Mielzynski]:

A.
Note on the Union of Scythemen, the Patriotic Society and National Freemasonry [we get a direct connection: Mielzynski - SOŁTYK - Kalinowski that is Pawlowice and Baszków with Wola Pszczółecka]:

Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski in 1815, after the final fall of Napoleon, not joined the army of the Kingdom of Congress, but moved to his possessions in Pawlowice, Kakolewo, Poniec, Smogulec, Golancz, under Prussian King
[General Franciszek Paszkowski in 1816 - 1819 lived in the Great Poland, then in Cracow. Acc. to me Paszkowski was secret member of the Union of Scythemen, and he escaped in 1822 to Free City of Cracow].
There he was very active as a mason, especially supported the underground struggle for independence and unification of Poland; member of the 'Union of the Scythemen' near to a secret Masonic organization created by Valerian Lukasinski. The 'Union of the Scythemen' was a secret organization for Polish independence, which operates in the Poznan region in 1820-1826. It was established on the base of the Poznan National Freemasonry with the head board - Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski, and General Jan Nepomucen Uminski. Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski [see Pawlowice and Aleksander Bilewicz senior, and Baszkow close to Krotoszyn - see the branch of Angela Merkel] carried out the unification talks in Warsaw, ending with the transformation of Freemasonry to the National Patriotic Society in May 1821 [Ignacy Pradzynski, Maciej Mielzynski and Louis / LUDWIK Szczaniecki] but was broken in 1826.
Mentioned Maciej Józef Franciszek Mielzynski b. 1799 in Winna Gora, d. on March 5, 1870, Polish political and social activist, a landowner. He was the son of Jozef Mielzynski / Joseph; he was educated in Berlin; he was imprisoned for participating in the 'Union of the Scythemen'; took part in the November Uprising in 1831, served under the command of Dezydery Chlapowski. For a short time he lived in exile, then jailed; also received a high penalty fine.
And now we look at
Roman Soltyk b. 1790 - d. 1843, who was a Polish nobleman, political activist and general [see Wola Pszczolecka and Kalinowski]. Born in Warsaw; Roman was son of Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, and Caroline / Karolina Sapieha.
ROMAN was a member of secret independence organisations in the Congress Poland, like his father, he became a member of the underground Patriotic Society. In 1826 he was imprisoned, but released [see Union of Scythemen]. Linked to the conspiracy of Piotr Wysocki. In 1830, vice-president of the Patriotic Association.

Above Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz].
In 1794, on a secret mission from Kosciuszko to the Viennese court, interned by the Austrians; 1795 in exile, he played a leading role, and was one of the first initiators of the Italian's legions, was imprisoned several times by the Prussians and the Austrians;
Stanislaw Soltyk in 1802 was (along with Tadeusz Czacki) the initiator of the Commercial Association, for export of grain through the Black Sea [see HORODYSKI, Szaniawski].
The president of the Central Committee of the Patriotic Society. 1826-1829, a state prisoner, chaired the 1829 conspiracy; after the outbreak of the November Uprising, Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 was honored as the patriarch of the struggle for freedom.
See: Kalinowski, Wola Pszczolecka, Mielzynski, Pawlowice, Baszkow.

The ancestors of Angela Merkel lived near by the Mielzynski family, that is Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski b. on November 14, 1778, Rabin, d. on June 29, 1826, Pawlowice, close to Leszno, Earl, freemason, Brigadier General of the Polish Army. His father was Maximilian Mielzynski in 1786 with hereditary title of Prussian Count
{that is Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski Count, b. 1738, married Konstancja Hutten-Czapska born in 1749, to Jakub Hutten-Czapski; they had:
Katarzyna m. Mielzynska;
Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski b. 1778 [Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski married after 1800 to Prowidencja Honorata Zaremba with son Leon [see below] and three daughters: Laura (Eleonora) married 2nd time to Józef Napoleon Czapski with her son Bogdan Hutten-Czapski];
Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski [with son Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski b. 1813 and grandson Wladyslaw Mielzynski b. 1848. See below] and
Józefa Kozminska.
Above Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski b. 1738 in Laszczyn, the Rawicz County, died in 1799 in Pawlowice, was son of Andrzej Mielzynski and Anna Petronela BNINSKA [see my domain on the BNINSKIS]}.
Please remember about two individuals with similar first names: Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1840-1891 who married to Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911, and Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1778 - died in 1826 in Pawlowice, the Pszczyna County, who was husband of Prowidencja Honorata ZAREMBA.
Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski born 1778 was father of Elzbieta Mycielska; Filipina Sczaniecka; Leon Tomasz Mielzynski, and Eleonora Laura Hutten-Czapska 1815 - 1875, 1st wife to Karol Czarnecki, and 2nd to Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Sulpicjusz Hutten-Czapski.
Named above Leon Tomasz Mielzynski 1809 - 1900 in Drezno, was son of above Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski Count and Prowidencja Honorata; was husband of Felicja Elzbieta; was the father of Anna Czarnecki; Maksymilian Mielzynski; Maciej Eliasz Mielzynski; Maciej Ignacy Mielzynski and Maria Poninska; he was brother of Elzbieta Mycielska; Filipina Sczaniecka and Eleonora Laura Hutten-Czapska. Copyright by Leszek Mila in 2015 at geni.com.

Feliks Marian Mielzynski, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1840-1891
[grandson of Aleksander Dominik Mielzynski 1813-1885; the great-grandson of above named Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski 1780-1842; great-great-grandson of Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799]
and Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911, daughter of Feliks Filip von Rönne 1800-1844 + Franciszka Maria Zaluska 1793-1844
[Aniela was granddaughter of Felix von Rönne 1770-1827 + Antonina Gielgud b. 1800; and great-granddaughter of Mikolaj von Rönne b. ca 1740 and Aniela Pilsudska b. 1750].
Above Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor / Gorzdy, Lithuania now.

B.
Alojzy Paulin Gątkiewicz b. 1800 - d. 1852 in Wola Pszczółecka, was son of Tomasz Ignacy Gątkiewicz
[Tomasz was son of officer of Dyneburg who was b. before 1750, + mother who died in Kwaskow in 1824 and Tomasz was brother of Wiktoria Gątkiewicz b. after 1765-1838]
1766-1837 + Karolina Korytowska b. 1760 - died in 1850 in Kwaskow / Kwaskowo - ca 4 km east of Blaszki [Wrząca south of BLASZKI and above Kwaskowo were in the same estate].
Alojzy Paulin Gątkiewicz was married in 1827, in Sośnica to Franciszka Chłapowska 1800-1836, daughter of Ludwik Chłapowski 1768-1831 and Tekla Sokolnicka 1776-1848,
with daughter Klementyna Karolina Tekla b. ca 1820 m. Cezary Wawrzyniec Ignacy Gątkiewicz b. ca 1820, with son Alojzy Wincenty Józef Gątkiewicz b. ca 1850 + Józefa Białecka.
Above Sośnica - 7 km west of Dobrzyca, south-west of Pleszew, north-east of Krotoszyn [see Merkel, Bilewicz, Mielzynski]. Sośnica was the estate of Michał Chłapowski.
Above Karolina Gątkiewicz Korytowska died 1850, was daughter of Piotr Korytowski and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska [Ewa come from Karol Rokossowski and Marianna Grodzicka ca 1720 - died 1780 - see below more on the ROKOSSOWSKIS].
Karolina b. after 1760 was wife of Tomasz Ignacy Gątkiewicz b. 1766 and mother of Honorata Murzynowska and Tekla Agnieszka Zakrzewska; and above Alojzy b. ca 1800. Karolina was half sister of Aurelia; Karolina; Walenty Korytowski [wife Kuczborska] and Mikołaj Nepomucen Korytowski died 1775
[Mikolaj + Ludwika Goczałkowska b. 1721 with daughter Marianna Pągowska b. 1750 - d. 1799 or after 1801 {Marianna m. in 1775 to Seweryn Pągowski of Kalisz, 1744-1814, with daughter Elżbieta Pągowska 1777-1819 + Stanisław Krzyżanowski}; + 2nd unknown Rokossowska].
KAROLINA GATKIEWICZ was daughter of Piotr Korytowski d. 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska born in Pakoslaw {14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN, see Mielzynski and Sulkowski}, d. 1800
[Piotr m. also to Weronika Tekla Bartoszewska 1730–1756; mother Ewa was married also to Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski d. 1756].


A wonderful Polish genealogy
[http://konstantynowicz.info/Bogdan/Angela_Merkel_Bronislaw_Komorowski/index.html]
of the President Bronislaw Komorowski, Ms. German Chancellor Angela Merkel [see Mielzynski and von Ronne] - but do not forget to read my other websites, and there's Lenin, Pilsudski, Dzerzhinsky, who belong to the same network / system - and the family of Kaczynski with President Lech Kaczynski descended from Wieruszow area
[with a link to Wola Pszczolecka - Kiedrzynski - Konstantynowicz - Kalinowski - Oginski - Soltan - Piottuch-Kublicki and again to Konstantynowicz - Miezonka + Moscow + Nomme close to Tallinn - Armand in Moscow - Dadiani - Paszkowski of Cracow - Duflon and Breguet - to the Neuchatel canton in Switzerland; from Wola Pszczolecka to Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Bleszynski, FISZER + Kosciuszko and Paszkowski + the Armands in Moscow {+ Inessa ARMAND, Lenin + DZIERZYNSKI FELIKS, Roman Pilar Pilchau, Artuzow Frautchi and Russia in 1937}; Fiszer {+ Kosciuszko + Mielzynski + Sulkowski close to LESZNO, general PASZKOWSKI and so on...} and Radolinski + Mielzynski - and back to von Ronne - Merkel - Bilewicz - Komorowski...]
- and here one more step and you will see a return to the genealogy of Merkel
[at http://konstantynowicz.info/Stanislaw_August_Poniatowski-Tadeusz_Kosciuszko-Franciszek_Paszkowski-Stanislaw_Fiszer-Tadeusz_Mostowski/index.html].
On the President Lech Kaczynski genealogy - see more below: Andrzej Olszowski was son of Marceli and Franciszka Kalinowska - she was born ca 1760 (before 1765 ?). Franciszka Kalinowska m. Olszewski / Olszowski in ca 1800.


Important note on Kalinowski - Walewski line:
Wojciech Walewski 1715 - 1757:
m. 1740 to Teresa Laszewska b. 1720, with children:
a. Rozalia Walewska b. 1740 m. Jakub Madalinski who was born ca 1735 ?;
b. Ludwik WALEWSKI 1754-1820 (Ludwik was owner of Parzymiechy in 1794 or 1797 from hands of Franciszek and Ignacy Poninski; also landowner of Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie from father, and Krzeslow [with Wola Pszczolecka], Kurow [see Kiedrzynski] and Kurówka bought in 1818)
m. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1760,

[Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 with children:

1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,

2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / Olszowski [see President Lech Kaczynski],

3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki,

4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Glogowski
[this is the genealogical connection to the Komorowski family and this means that also to the President Bronislaw Komorowski - see below my data on liaisons of Lithuanian and Galician branches of this count's family - also see: Wola Pszczółecka, Mielzynski, Kalinowski and Oginski - von Ronne and Bilewicz from Żmudź / Samaites],

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 + Ludwik Walewski [see Kiedrzynski, Fiszer, Wola Pszczolecka],

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska [see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski].
Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791. Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810.
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. in 1784 or ca 1790 / 1795, d. 1831 or before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka 1800-1881 owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki born in 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów - d. 1844, owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow, who was son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska [Salomea ?].
Hortensja Karsnicka had 3 husbands:
1st m. to Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. 1784 / 1795 - died 1831 / before 1846; Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, was owner of Białokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karśnicka daughter of Antoni Karśnicki [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea (?) who was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Głogowska b. 1780;
2nd m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska [see above Julia],
3rd m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Son of above Hortensja: Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska.

The genealogy of Maria Kalinowska has to be proven, but it appears that the family was listed below:
her mother Emilia Potocka b. 1790 / 1791 and married Kalinowski and second time married to Czeliszczew; father Josif / Jozef / Osip Kalinowski b. after 1780 or 1790, died in 1825;
grandfather was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 and grandmother Elzbieta Bielska from Olbrachcice b. ca 1760.
The mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski and MARIA Trubecki [m. Konstantynowicz - see Kazan, Viljandi, St Petersburg and Tallinn - Nomme] was above countess Maria Kalinowska [St Petersburg and then lived since 1840 in Cracow] born after 1805 - ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski. M. Kalinowska (Maria) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of Seweryna Kalinowska, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!

Above countess Olga / Ольга Осиповна Калиновская born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus in 1844 and her son: Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818.

Note to the above named SOLTYK and PIASECKI:

Roman Sołtyk b. 1790 - d. 1843, was a Polish nobleman, political activist and general.
Born in Warsaw; Roman was son of Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, and Caroline / Karolina Sapieha. He served as an officer in the Duchy of Warsaw in 1809 as a company commander, a captain of horse artillery of the Duchy of Warsaw, issued his own expense, he took part in the war with Austria and took part in Napoleon's Russia Campaign. He was a member of secret independence organisations in the Congress Poland, like his father, he became a member of the underground Patriotic Society. In 1826 he was imprisoned, but released [see Union of Scythemen]. Linked to the conspiracy of Piotr Wysocki. In 1830, vice-president of the Patriotic Association. 1830 to 1831 he was MP; as Brigadier-General he participated in the November Uprising and he organized regular army and mobile national guard.
On his motion the Parliament dethroned Mikolaj Romanov / Nicolas I on January 25, 1831 as a Polish king.
After the capitulation he moved with the remnants of the Polish army in Plock, where he went on a diplomatic mission to France and England; then he went into exile in France. In 1834 sentenced by the Russian authorities to be hanged for his participation in the November Uprising; he was a member of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1819; active in the Polish political organizations in exile in France.
The daugther of above ROMAN and Css Pinińska was Konstancja married Michał Karnicki; she was mother of Roman Karnicki junior born 1868 [Roman junior m. Nina Falińska / Janina Falinska, born in Balta / Bałta in 1885, died in Roma, buried at Campo del Verano cementery] and Ludwika Anna Karnicka.
Named above Bałta / Балта / Józefgród, city in Ukraine on the river Kodyma, circuit Odessa. The city founded Józef Lubomirski.

Franciszek Maciej Stanisław / SOŁTYK Franciszek Salezy Maciej Stanisław (1783-1865), Senator, amateur violinist,
son of Józef Sołtyk 1750-1803

[Jozef was son of Maciej Sołtyk 1720-1780 who had children: mentioned above Jozef
{with sons: named above Franciszek Maciej Stanisław Sołtyk ca 1783-1865; Stanisław Sołtyk 1783-1872; Leon Kalikst Sołtyk b. 1791},
Maciej Kajetan 1750-1804, and mentioned above
Stanisław {MP 1830-31} 1752-1833 + 1st to Karolina Sapieha
{with children: above Roman Sołtyk 1790-1843 and Konstancja Lempicka 1794-1836}
+ 2nd to Agnieszka Komorowska born before 1750,
maybe grand-daughter of (?) Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670 (Michal was father of Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski; Zofia Teresa Aniela; Teresa Bekierska; Konstancja Kobylnicka; Jan Komorowski; Magdalena; Agnieszka + Andrzej Orłowski; Salomea; Anna Kurowicka; Mikołaj Komorowski and Krystyna Pągowska)]

and Józefa Urbańska (wife of above Józef Sołtyk 1750-1803 who married also to Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750).

SOŁTYK Franciszek Salezy Maciej Stanisław (1783-1865), was a frequent visitor to Gościeradów, home of Eligius Prażmowski an excellent violinist. His daughter, Melanie, was the wife of above Franciszek Salezy Maciej Stanisław; he inherited his father's estates Piastow (in 1812), Wsola, Klwaty; was a Member of Parliament;
he supported the request of his cousin, Roman Sołtyk, on the dethroned of Mikolaj Romanov / Nicolas I on January 25, 1831 as a Polish king; he made in 1831 a request for a new election.
He was married twice; 1st Melania Prażmowska [daughter of Eligiusz Prażmowski]; 2nd to Józefa nee Kołdowski d. 1860, with son Marceli and daughters Symforjanna married Zenon Krasuski (d. 1857), and Laura m. Karol Gordon de Huntley, owner of Lisow.

Above Marceli (1816 - 1896) was the owner of above Piastow (1860 - 1877), Wsola and Klwatów, and he bought from Roman Sołtyk - Chlewiska and Wrzązgowo, and Wysokie in the Lublin prov.; at the end of his life he settled in Cracow, financially supported the units of Chelm.
Above Franciszek Maciej Stanisław Sołtyk 1783-1865, had daughter above named Laura 1815-1897 m. Karol Huntley-Gordon de Huntley senior, with sons:
Karol Huntley-Gordon de Huntley junior 1840-1883, and Franciszek Huntley-Gordon de Huntley 1842-1921.
Above Karol Huntley-Gordon de Huntley senior was son of Franciszek Salezy Antoni Gordon, Major of the Polish Army, b. 1756 in Cracow - d. 1821.

Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki:
above Józef Sołtyk b. ca 1750, died in 1803, came from Mikita (Mikołaj) Sołtyk. His grandfather - Józef Franciszek Sołtyk d. 1735, and father - Maciej Sołtyk d. 1780. Józef Sołtyk d. 1803, was brother of Maciej Kajetan, and of Stanisław SOLTYK - senator and Marshal of the Parliament of the Warsaw Duchy.
Above Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz]. Józef Sołtyk in 1787 stayed in Kurozwęki at the cousin's [of his father Maciej] home, and here welcomed King Stanislaus Augustus PONIATOWSKI [see Walewski in Volhynia]. Member of Parliament of the Cracow province in 1790; Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833 - was one of the most active in the preparation of the Constitution in 1791. In 1794, on a secret mission from Kosciuszko to the Viennese court, interned by the Austrians; 1795 in exile, he played a leading role, and was one of the first initiators of the Italian's legions, was imprisoned several times by the Prussians and the Austrians; and Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833, in 1802 was (along with Tadeusz Czacki) the initiator of the Commercial Association, for export of grain through the Black Sea [see HORODYSKI, Szaniawski]. The president of the Central Committee of the Patriotic Society. 1826-1829, a state prisoner, chaired the 1829 conspiracy; after the outbreak of the November Uprising, Stanisław Sołtyk b. 1752, d. 1833 was honored as the patriarch of the struggle for freedom. Józef Sołtyk d. 1803 was 2nd married to Józefa Urbańska with two sons: Franciszek Maciej Stanisław, and Leon Kalikst, and daughter Barbara Matylda. With the 1st wife Kalinowska, Jozef had 3 daughters: Joanna, Maryanna and Judyta. Above named Tomasz Piasecki b. ca 1770 [??], m. ca 1790 to Justyna Kalinowska 1750-1809 daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski, with daughter born 1797 [mother ?].

Mentioned above
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 (ca 1730 !?) + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of
Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan)].

Mentioned above Ludwik WALEWSKI 1754-1820 and Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1760 [maybe after 1760] had sons:
1. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 m. Maria Radolinska
with children:
Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, and Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857;
2. Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802 - 1835 (landowner of Pstrokonie / Pstrykonie, Wozniki, Swierzyn(a), Gorzuchy, Lisy) m. to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832/1833 (daughter of Florian Kreski and Antonina Karsnicki),
with children:
1. Ludwik Mieczyslaw Walewski b. 1830 in Maslowice (owner of Pstrokonie, Paprotnia) had daughter Adela,
2. Antonina Floriana Salomea b. 1831 in Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, d. 1860 m. in 1850, to Boleslaw Kobierzycki of Kalinowa, son of Lukasz and Faustyna nee Wezyk.


In conclusion of this page we have three frames with text. In the first of these frames, I present information spanning the southern Great Poland to Żmudź / Samaites and Courland [south Latvia].

Below are some very general information:
Kurmen / Kurmene is situated in south Latvia - as Kurmene; near the Lithuanien border, north of Birzai / Birze. The Komorowski family was landowner of KURMENE.
Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723, d. 1800, was son of Bartłomiej Komorowski; he was father of Jan Bonifacy Komorowski, PIOTR I, and Stanisław Andrzej Komorowski; was brother of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka [Pilsudski family]!

See below on the KALINOWSKI family + the KOMOROWSKI family:

Franciszek Komorowski Count, 1723- died in 1800 in Szirwyty or Szenta, come from Teresa Oziemblowski and Bartłomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758.

Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska in Galicia
[he was son of Ludwika Grabinska and Jozef Jablonowski of Galicia, who married 1st Tekla Strutynska, 2nd to Ludwika Grabinska daughter of Jozef Grabinski officer in Smolensk],
married to Lucya Glogowska daughter of Franciszek Glogowski Grzymala and Jozefa Kalinowska
[Jozefa was 2nd m. to Jan Karol baron de Wrazny SADLO].
Jozefa Kalinowska was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski of Lelow, owner of Kamionka, Suchary and Dziatkowice + Justyna Borzecka {above Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Głogowski; Jozefa was daughter of Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzęcka b. ca 1720}.
Above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, owner of Rawa Ruska, had 2 sons: Ludwik Grzymala Jablonowski, m. Hortenzya Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski
{Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790 + Hortensja Karśnicka. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elżbieta Bielska had son Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1790. Seweryn Ksawery was brother of Józefa Kalinowska + Jan Sadel Sadlo + Głogowski; and of Antonina Kalinowska + Ludwik Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka); Seweryn Ksawery was son of Ignacy Kalinowski + Justyna Borzęcka, and grandson of Józef Jan Kalinowski b. ca 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckorońska b. ca 1660}.
Hortensja [nee Karsnicka Css 1 voto Ignacy Kalinowski] was daughter of Antoni Karsnicki.
The 2nd son of above Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski was Stanislaw Jozef Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski owner of Rawa Ruska, m. Jozefa Bakawska daughter of Jan Wincenty Count Bakowski and Kunegunda KOMOROWSKA Css
[above Jozefa Bakawska had sister Henryka + Roman KARNICKI; and brother Ferdynand Bakowski m. Antonina Komorowska Css with the Korczak coat of arms].
Above named Ferdynand Jaksa-Bakowski 1800-1853 was son of above Jan Wincenty Jaksa-Bakowski 1770-1828 and Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770; above Ferdynand m. ca 1830 to Antonina Józefa Komorowska 1812-1891, daughter of Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski 1769-1826 and Konstancja Kunegunda Siestrzanek-Karnicka b. 1787.

Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770 was daughter of Józef Joachim Komorowski [older son of Jozef: Józef Wincenty - MP in 1788, 1765-1809] 1735-1800 and Helena Aniela Konkordia Milewska 1741-1814;
and granddaughter of Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760; and
great-granddaughter of Jan Komorowski of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska [Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Above Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Józef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1670, and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719, and grandsons -
Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski [Stefan was father of Barbara Zofia Dąmbska and Jan Komorowski];
Adam Ignacy Komorowski [-];
Ignacy Komorowski [with son Józef Joachim Komorowski ca 1735 - 1800] and
Piotr Komorowski [father of Konstancja Magdalena Popiel and Michał Komorowski with son Cyprian Kajetan Komorowski b. 1776, d. 1858 in L'viv].

Note: Teresa Oziemblowski m. Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758
[Bartlomiej had son Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723 in South Moravia; - see President Bronislaw Komorowski; and daughter Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Pilsudska !]
who was son of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1680 and Zofia Polanska;
and grandson of Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660.


Compare the lines in the genealogy of the Komorowski family:

Above mentioned Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Józef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartłomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670, and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].
Michał Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.
Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska [Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].
Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka; they had all 4 sons: above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski; above named Ignacy Komorowski; Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice; and Piotr d. 1747.

Representatives of the Lithuanian Komorowski branch received on December 1, 1892 the title of the count by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Austria-Hungary.
They were descendants of Francis Anthony / Franciszek Antoni Komorowski (1723-1800):
that is 4 brothers - Stanislaw Franciszek Wincenty (1862 / 1863 - 1920), Stefan Karol (1866-1894), Czeslaw August (1867-1913) and Wiktor Emil (1870-?), who were sons of August Piotr (1817-1905); Leon Wilhelm (1849-1900), son of Wiktor Tomasz (1821-1887); 3 brothers - Piotr Anton (1862-1920), Jaroslaw Jan Narcyz (1865-1919) and Szymon Stanislaw Cyryl (1869-1907), the sons of Antoni Jerzy August (1833-1881); 3 brothers - Zygmunt Leopold Piotr (1865-1920) {Zygmunt and above Francis Anthony (1723-1800) were ancestors of Bronislaw Komorowski in a straight line}, Witold Stanislaw Adam (1875-?) and Antoni August Samuel (1873-1910), sons of Piotr (1838-1905); 3 brothers - Adam Stanislaw Hieronim (1873-1923), Józef Wiktor Onufry (1876-1947) and Henryk Onufry Seweryn (1875-1922), all sons of Jan Leopold Antoni (1833-1904?).

Franciszek Komorowski b. 1723 was Antoni's grandfather.
Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajūralis, close to Šilalė, and died in 1791 in Šilalė, the Tauragė County, Lithuania.
Franciszek was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below} - she was mother of Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz.

Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times with children:
1. above named Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia - see brief note below!];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija.

Zofia Pilar von Pilchau (nee Januszewska) born 1836, was wife of Stanisław Pilar von Pilchau, Count
{with sons: Henryk Andrzej and Adolf Pilar Pilchau + Helena Joanna Krzywiec and grandson ROMAN = Romuald Roman Pilar von Pilchau b. 1895 - see great play of Soviet intelligence services 1917-1937}.
Ignacy Januszewski, 1804 - 1875 was father [4 children] of
Emilia Zawadzka [Emilia Krzywiec Zawadzka born Januszewska] born 1834;

Helena Dzierżyńska
{Helena nee Januszewska was mother of FELIKS Dzierzynski - see great play of Soviet intelligence services 1917-1937}

and above named
Zofia Pilar von Pilchau [see Parnu / Parnawa and Jerzy Konstantynowicz].

Ignacy Januszewski was son of Szymon Januszewski and Anna Billewicz.

Ignacy married Kazimiera nee Górska b. in 1806.
Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau born 10.2.1802, d. 1871, had sister Sophia / Zofia Pilar von Pilchau; his father was born in 1769 -
Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau
- in Lida, Vilna province in Poland, after Major of the Russian army.
Aleksander's son - Stanisław Count Pilar von Pilchau owner of Mickuny close to Nowa Wilejka, polonised, but from the Baltic German from Estland and Latvia, married to mentioned above Zofia Pilar von Pilchau (nee Januszewska) / Zofia Januszewska / Zofia Januszewski born 1836. She was daughter - I wrote down above - of Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera born 1806.
Zofia died on 28 Jan 1898, Wilno; her son [Adolf Aleksander Pilar Pilchau = Adolf !] Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny, next of kin of Feliks Dzierżyński [that is Adolf Pilar Pilchau + Helena Joanna Krzywiec with son above named Romuald].
Helena Joanna Krzywiec born 1864, died on 8 Aug. 1955 in Mickuny; her son was Roman Pilar von Pilchau or Romuald, b. 1894, d. 1937 [see Soviet military intelligence].


Aldona nee Dzierzynski was living in the Bobruisk district [see HLUSK and von Mohrenschildt], near by Ryszard Edward Wincenty Dzierżyński b. 1817, who was brother of Edmund Dzierzynski b. 1829 or (date of birth is mistake maybe) Эдмунд Руфин Иосифович Дзержинский / Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski, b. on 15 May 1838, died in 1882 (he was born in Oszmiany / Oshmiany / Ошмяны, the Wilno government / Виленская губ.; died in 1872 ?).
Aldona - whose son was adjutant of Jozef Pilsudski!
Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski was father of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI.
Above named EDMUND b. 1829, in Dzierżynowo, d. 1872, m. HELENA JANUSZEWSKA, daughter of above named JANUSZEWSKI and KAZIMIERA JANUSZEWSKA [see Ignacy Januszewski 1804-1875, and Kazimiera Gorecka b. 1806, died 1897. See PILAR von PILCHAU !].
Children of EDMUND and HELENA JANUSZEWSKA are:
WITOLD b. 1867;
ALDONA b. 1869, Kojdanów (Dzierżynowo) d. 1966;
JADWIGA b. 1871, Kojdanów, d. 1949 m. KUSZELEWSKI;
and KAZIMIERZ b. 1875, Dzierżynowo, d. 1943 in Dzierżynowo, m. LUCY SCHIATTI (Kazimierz Dzerzhinsky joined the Academy of Veterinary in Dorpat / Tartu, now Estonia. He came therefore to Dzierżynow, and to Warsaw at the Technical School of Wawelberg and Rotwand. He lived in lodgings with Witold Rutkowski, but he was arrested and then he went to Germany, in Frankfurt am Main, then moved to Karlsruhe. Rented apartment with a family of Italian origin - Schiotti. He fell in love with the daughter of the owners Lucy Schiotti / LUCY SCHIATTI and married);
FELIKS d. 1926, Moskwa;
IGNACY b. 1879, Dzierżynowo d. 1953;
and the last - WLADYSLAW b. 1881, Stołpce, d. 1942, Zgierz.

Romuald Ludwig Pilar von Pilchau / Пилляр Роман Александрович / Роман Людвиг Пилар фон Пильхау / Ромуальдас-Людвикас Адольфович Пилляр фон Пильхау, or Roman Pilar von Pilchau / Roman Pilljar / Romuald Pilar von Pilchau / Romuald Ludwig von Pilar Pilchau, was born 1894 in Mickuny close to Wilno / Vilnius.

Zofia Januszewski, married to Stanislaus Pilar of Mickuny [born ca 1830] that is Stanislaw Pilar Pilchau - was the father of Alexander Pilar Pilchau junior [Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny], the grandfather of above Roman Pilar Pilchau or Romuald Pilar von Pilchau.

Above Zofia Januszewski that is Zofija Pilar von Pilchau died January 28, 1898 - she was sister of Januszewski Dzerzhinsky Helena, mother of Felix Dzerzhinsky, who died in 1896.

Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau senior, d. 1871 that was Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802; Alexander von Pilar Pilchau senior, was the Judge of the district of Vilnius, born 1802, in Wilno / Вильнюс, was married to Ионна Станиславовна Кульвинска / Joanna nee Kulwinska daughter of Stanislaw Kulwinski.
Alexander von Pilar Pilchau's [senior] mother was Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю married to Магнус or Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау born 1768.
His grandfather was Магнус Вильгельм Пилар фон Пильхау born 1734, married 1756 in Tallinn / Ревель, to Катарина Хелена фон Таузас. Place of living: Халлик and Йоггис; Hagar / Hallik in Tamsalu, Estonia, county of Laane-Viru, south-west of Rakvere - eastern Eesti.

Above mentioned Aldona Dzerzhinskaja - at first marriage Bulhak, second Koyallovich / Kojallowicz.

Gedymin Jerzy Bulhak b. 1856, m. 1892 to Aldona Dzierzynski, he died 1908, lived in Mickiewicze. His grandfather Chryzostom Stanislaw Bulhak b. 1789, m. to Antonina Bulhak, estates: Ostrówek, Burdziewicze, Kozlowicze, Nowy Dwor close to Jelnica and Szabany, south-east of Minsk or Nowy Dwor close to Sluck!? His mother Franciszka Lowicki and father Jerzy Onufry Bulhak, b. 1749; grandfather: Florian Stanislaw Bulhak.

In Vilna / Wilno, Feliks Dzierzynski studied until 1896; Feliks Dzierzynski lived with his grandmother Казимира Янушевская / Kazimiera Januszewska [see PILAR von PILCHAU !].


Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times with children:
1. Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720, in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija.

And we back to the PILSUDSKIS:

Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Piłsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)
[with son - above named Franciszek Piłsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons - see OGINSKI !}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + above Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707} and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Piłsudski + Helena Strutyńska; and great-grandson Stanisław Piłsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyć]
was brother of Roch Piłsudski b. ca 1680 + Małgorzata Pancerzyńska who had son
Kazimierz Ludwik Piłsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Dss Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

Mentioned above
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski, b. ca 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska; oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka was died !; next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski; sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie.
Anna Pilsudska Bilewicz b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837 [see Bilewicz in Pawlowice of the MIELZYNSKIS].

Above Anna nee Billewicz Piłsudska (1761 - 1837), great-grandmother of Józef Piłsudski. Her father was Walerian Billewicz. Anna had 5 children:
Piotr Paweł (1794 - 1851) + Teodora Urszula Butler - grandfather of Józef Piłsudski;
Walery (1796 - 1877) + Aniela nee Piłsudska (died in 1844);
Jerzy Jegor (1799 - 1816 / 1820) - officer of the Russian Army;
Józef;
Teresa.

Anna Piłsudska b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837.

Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902 was son of Piotr Kazimierz Wincenty 1795-1851 + Teodora BUTLER 1811-1886 [or Piotr Paweł (1794 - 1851) + Teodora Urszula Butler];
grandson of KAZIMIERZ ca 1750-ca 1820 + ANNA BILLEWICZ 1761-1837;
great-grandson of Kazimierz Ludwik Pilsudski + 2nd wife ROZALIA PUZYNA Dss;
great-great-grandson of ROCH MIKOLAJ Pilsudski b. ca 1680 [? died 1715] + Malgorzata PANCERZYNSKA.

Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Piłsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)
[with son Franciszek Piłsudski who married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons - see MIELZYNSKI, MERKEL, SUCHOCKA}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + above Franciszek Piłsudzki / Pilsudski b. 1707} and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Piłsudski + Helena Strutyńska; and great-grandson Stanisław Piłsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyć]
was brother of named above ROCH MIKOLAJ Pilsudski / Roch Piłsudski b. ca 1680 + above Małgorzata Pancerzyńska who had son Kazimierz Ludwik Piłsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

Above Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902, + Maria Billewicz 1842-1884 has 12 children, among others
Helena Pilsudski b. 1864 d. 1917,
Zofia Kadenacy b. 1865, d. 1935 + Boleslaw Kadenacy,
Bronislaw Pilsudski [see Japan, Sieroszewski, Azbelev, Duflon...],
MARSHAL Józef Pilsudski 1867-1935,
Adam Pilsudski b. 1869,
Kazimierz Pilsudski,
and Maria nee Pilsudska, Juchniewiczowa / Juchniewicz b. 1873, d. 1921 + Cezary Juchniewicz.

Antoni Jerzy Bułhak / Antoni Bułhak b. 1898 in Zawoloczyce, married to Wanda Bułhak nee Juchniewicz daughter of above Cezary Juchniewicz and Maria Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska, b. 1873 (d. 1921, her mother Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz). She was daughter of above named Józef Wincenty Piotr Piłsudski, b. 1833; and her brother was mentioned Józef Klemens Piłsudski b. 1867.
Above Antoni Jerzy Bulhak was son of Aldona Kojałłowicz (Bułhak) Dzierzynska b. 1870 [sister of FELIKS DZIERZYNSKI b. 1877 in Oziemblowo] + Gedymin Jerzy Bułhak 1856-1908;
grandson of Edmund Rufin Dzierżyński and Helena JANUSZEWSKA b. 1849 d. 1896 [daughter of Ignacy Januszewski and Kazimiera GORECKA. HELENA was sister of ZOFIA 1836-1920 married Stanisław Pilar von Pilchau], and also Aniela Ostromęcka + Rudolf Jerzy Bułhak born 1824.

MARSHAL Józef Pilsudski / Jozef Klemens Pilsudski + Aleksandra Szczerbinska has daughter Jadwiga Jagoda Pilsudska with her husband Andrzej Jaraczewski has daughter Joanna Jaraczewska, married to Janusz Onyszkiewicz / Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz born 1937. Zofia Kadenacy nee Piłsudski, b. 1865 was sister of Józef Klemens Piłsudski; her husband Bolesław Kadenacy (1845 - 1918).
The Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party, the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district and the Polish Military Organization conducted a contraband of weapon from Russia to Austria - Hungary at the beginning of the 20th century keeping in touch with Josef Pilsudski (b. 1867) and that track went out from Petersburg, among others across Miezonka and Lodz (the Tuvim street) in the direction to Galicia; a family of Andrzejak from Lodz involved in this activity occupied quarters in Miezonka and Moscow all over the first World War and thus they became technolators of aviation and the basis of the amateurish movement of aviation sports in Lodz (besides Henryk, Stefan and Wladyslaw Chlebowski - as early as 1910 in Paris and 1911 in Lodz - and also Zygmunt Dekler acted as air experts in Lodz before the First world war) after 1920.


Let's try the first contain and collect some genealogical facts to the Bilewicz / Billewicz family:

A.
Szymon Januszewski married to Anna Billewicz b. ca 1780?

B.
Stefan Karl Baron Rönne, in 1752 owned the manor of Gielgudyszki Wysolde / Gelgaudiskis by the river Memel, sold to his son-in-law Franciszek Pilsudski (1713-1791), head of administration of Wieszwiagny.
Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Pilsudski (b. ca 1685 + Ludwika Urszula Billewicz)
[with son above named Franciszek Pilsudski + 2nd wife Joanna Rehno + 1st wife Marcjanella Komorowska and grandson Jan Chryzostom Pilsudski + Helena Strutynska; and great-grandson Stanislaw Pilsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyc]
was brother of Roch Pilsudski b. ca 1680 + Malgorzata Pancerzynska {see Marshal Jozef Pilsudski}.
C.
Bartlomiej Komorowski {see President Bronislaw Komorowski} was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707 or 1713 [Pilsudski] in Pajuralis, close to Šilale, and died in 1791.
Franciszek Pilsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of above Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707}.
D.
Ernst von Rönne was born ca 1645 and lived and died in 1699 in Smolensk, was married ca 1670 to
HELENA BILLEWICZ / Elena Bilevicikute, born 1650 with sons:
1. Krzysztof / Christoph b. ca 1673, d. 1723, Major General;
2. Theodor born ca 1675;
3. Stefan Karl b. ca 1678, died in 1753, in 1714 Polish Colonel and owner of the Manor of Kupiszki in the Rosienie / Rossienie caunty, head of the administration of Telsze and Uwenty.
His son Nikolai build in 1786 a Catholic Church in Renavas. He is the 1st owner of Renavas / Rennow [see MIELZYNSKI of Krotszyn].
E.
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski, b. ca 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska; oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka was died !; next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski; sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie. Anna Pilsudska Bilewicz b. 1761 / 1762, died in 1837 [see Bilewicz in Pawlowice of the MIELZYNSKIS].
F.
Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902, married to Maria Billewicz with 12 children {see Marshal Jozef Pilsudski family}.

We back to ANGELA MERKEL:
the parents of Anna Kazmierczak who was the great-grandmother of ANGELA MERKEL - the German chancellor (Aniela nee Kazmierczak - Merkel), were:
Bartlomiej Kazmierczak and Apolonia BILEWICZ or Bielejewicz, m. in 1854 in Pawlowice, the Mielzynski estate.
Now on the genealogy of Aleksander Bielewicz / Bielejewicz / Bilejewicz [BILEWICZ !], born ca 1760 {in Lithuania ?}, and a little bit of research to the ancestors of the Chancellor Angela Merkel:
Anna Katarzyna Kazmierczak / Kazimierczak / Anna Katharina Kazmierczak, married on 19 July 1877 in Kunowo, was daughter of Bartholomäus Kazmierczak and Apolonia Bilewicz that is Bartholomew Kazmierczak and Apolonia Bilewicz [Bielewicz / Bielejewicz / Bilejewicz].

The Billewicz / Bielewicz / Bilewicz family come from Zmudz;
see:
A.
Ca 1645 was born Ernst von Rönne who lived and died in 1699 in Smolensk, was married ca 1670 to HELENA BILLEWICZ / Elena Bilevicikute, born 1650 with sons:
1. Krzysztof / Christoph b. ca 1673, d. 1723, Major General;
2. Theodor born ca 1675;
3. Stefan Karl b. ca 1678, died in 1753, in 1714 Polish Colonel and owner of the Manor of Kupiszki in the Rosienie / Rossienie caunty, head of the administration of Telsze and Uwenty.
His son Nikolai build in 1786 a Catholic Church in Renavas. He is the 1st owner of Renavas / Rennow [see MIELZYNSKI of Krotszyn].

B.
Kazimierz Pilsudki - great-grandfather of Marshal Józef Pilsudski, b. ca 1760, owner of Zemogile by the Dubisa river, and married to Anna Bilewicz - her mother nee Polubinska; oldest brother of Anna Pilsudka died !; next brother Colonel Józef Bilewicz, lived at Court of Stanislaw August Poniatowski; sister Eufrozyna m. Wincenty Biallozor of Poszuszwie.

Kazimierz Pilsudski, of the Rosienie county, d. ca 1820, left son Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1795 in Zemigoly.
And of course back again to Angela Merkel's ancestry thus two hundred years ago her family were peasants [workers of the administration of that property] in an estate by General Stanislaw Kostka Mielżyński Count, in Pawlowice close to Leszno; in Baszkow, and Perzyce near Krotoszyn.
His great-granddaughter, Felicia nee Mielżyńska married to Władysław Blociszewski, and was grandmother of Lukasz Gajewski - husband of Elzbieta Suchocka - her sister Hanna SUCHOCKA was the first woman as Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland.

The Bilewicz / Billewicz family lived in Teneniai, Lithuania, 50 km south-east of Gargzdai [see von RONNE and Mielzynski];
Tenenie / Teneniai, 22 km west of Taurogi, here Maria Piłsudska nee Billewicz was born in 1842 [Adamowo / Adomavas near Teneniai], she was mother of Józef Piłsudski;
Maria was the daughter of Antoni Billewicz and Helena Michałowski; her brother was father of Joanna Narutowicz; her sister Zofia Zubow nee Billewicz [see Walewski]; above MARIA in 1863 in Teneniai married to Józef Wincenty Piłsudski with 12 children - private teacher was from Switzerland; Maria Piłsudska d. 1884 in Suginty; Suginty / Suginčiai - close to UTENA {Lithuania}.

The great-great-grandmother of the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, that is Apolonia Kaźmierczak nee Bilewicz [already mentioned above], was born in 1826 close to Krotoszyn!
Mielżyński had the property near this city.
Above Apolonia Bielejewicz died 1903; was daughter of Aleksander Bielejewicz, Jr.
[come from Aleksander Bielejewicz, Sr. / Bilewicz / Bielewicz / Bilejewicz, b. ca 1760 probably in Żmudź / Samogitia / Žemaitėjė / Žemaitija, and he lived in the Pawłowice estate near Leszno, owned by von Maximilian Graf Mielżyński]
and Franciszka Sypkoska b. ca 1790; Apolonia Bielejewicz was wife of Bartłomiej Kaźmierczak and was mother of Philipp Kaźmierczak and Anna Rychlicka [see Angela Merkel].

Important note:
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński and Aniela Helena born von Rönne [see Gorżdy / Gorzdy / Gargzdai / Gargždai. Please remember about two individuals with similar first names: Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński 1840-1891 who married to Aniela Helena born von Rönne 1832-1911, and Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski 1778 - died in 1826 in Pawlowice, the Pszczyna County, who was husband of Prowidencja Honorata ZAREMBA].
Stanisław was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN [see Angela Merkel]; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor / Gorżdy, Lithuania now {ex-border to East Prussia}.
Felix II / Feliksas von Rönne, born ca 1797 - died in 1857, was owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai; that is Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 [or 1797] or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix {1st} Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargsdai; Feliks 2nd married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka.
When Felix von Rönne died, his daughter, above named Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei {see Krotoszyn, Baszkow and Bilewicz - Angela Merkel} taken the estate land with Gargsdai / Gargzdai manor, then son of Baron - Eugenijus Ronne.
Retów / Rietavas of the Oginskis {the most important family in Belarus when it comes to Polish independence conspiracies}, is situated 25 km south of Plunge of the Oginskis, and east of Gargzdai {von Ronne}, ca 40 km.

Above mentioned Aniela / Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne / Aniele (Anele Elena Amelija) b. 1832, d. 1911, married in 1868 to Stanislaw Count Mielzynski / Count Melzinski / MIELZYNSKI, the last heir of Renavas [he was born in 1840, in Baszków close to KROTOSZYN]; she was daughter of Felix Baron Rönne.
Their son Felix Count Melzinski / Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910 was the heir of manor Renavas, too.
Renavas - 50 km east-north-north of PLUNGE.
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński 2nd, b. 1840, who come from Mikołaj Gorgoni Mielżyński 1780 - 1842, who was the branch of Andrzej Mielżyński 1698 - 1771.

Feliks Filip von RONNE [Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 or 1797 that is Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix {1st} Baron Rönne] was brother of Antoni von Rönne; MARIA TEKLA OGINSKA / Marija Teklė Oginskienė; Ludwika von Rönne and Teodora Ogińska.
Above Feliks Filip was father of Eugeniusz von Rönne and above named Aniela Helena Mielżyńska of BASZKOW close to Krotoszyn.
Aniela Helena Mielzynska / Miełżyńska (born von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons) was born 1832, in Gorżdy
[Garsden / Gargždai - at first owned by the Oginski family - then 1781 to Otton Henryk Igielstrom; here died Gabryela nee Oginska, 1v. Edward Krasicki, 2v. Eugeniusz Ronne, she was b. 1830, d. 1912 / 1919 Gorzdy / Gargzdai].
The owner of the Gargždai estate from 1875 to 1895 was above mentioned Baron Eugenijus Rönne, and then his widow Gabryela nee Oginska / Gabriele until 1912, that is Felix II Baron Rönne (b. ca. 1797), and his son Eugenijus / Eugene Baron Rönne (1830 - 1895), then to Eugene's wife Gabriela Princess Oginska, and Eugene's sister, Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne - Mielzynska of Krotoszyn.

And we back to the PILSUDSKIS:
Colonel Ferdynand Ignacy Piłsudski (b. ca 1685 married to Ludwika Urszula Billewicz / BILEWICZ)
[with son - above named
Franciszek Piłsudski married 2nd time to Johanna RONNE / Joanna Rehno {von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE, barons}; + married 1st to Marcjanella Komorowska {Bartlomiej KOMOROWSKI was father of Countess Marcjancella Piłsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Piłsudzki b. 1707}
and grandson - Jan Chryzostom Piłsudski + Helena Strutyńska; and great-grandson Stanisław Piłsudski 1795 - 1865 + Anna Wicencja Plater b. ca 1790 daughter of Jerzy Broel Plater + Karolina Giedroyć]
was brother of Roch Piłsudski b. ca 1680 + Małgorzata Pancerzyńska who had son
Kazimierz Ludwik Piłsudski b. ca 1710 + Marianna Kukiewicz + Rozalia Puzyna {see Marshal Jozef PILSUDSKI}.

And again to Stefan von Rönne / Roenne / RONNE who had children:
1. Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski {see above};
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton Ronne b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married: 1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute, 2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija {that is Mikalojus Renė / Nicolaus Ronne / Nikolaus von Rönne / Mikołaj von Rönne b. ca 1720 / 1740 + Aniela Piłsudska b. 1740 or 1750}.
Children of the 2nd wedding:
Felix I - b. ca 1770 [?? I am thinking he was born before 1760] and
Maria - born ca 1760 or 1750.

Above Felix I Baron Rönne, Lieutenant Colonel, owner of Manor in Swiatoszyn by the Memel River in Lithuania and of Renavas / Renowo, in 1781 - Major of the Polish King court and 1792 was the Polish Chamberlain, awarded in [before ?] 1799 with the title of Baron from Polish King. His wife Antonina Gielgud [see below], was daughter of Castellan of Samoigiten, Antoni and Barbara Judycka, with 5 children named the baron-title:
1. Anton / Antanas, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas;
2. Felix II / Feliksas, born ca 1797 or 1800 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai {see Mielzynski of Baszkow};
3. Maria / Marija / Maria Tekla Ogiński born Rönne, 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis {see Michal Kleofas Oginski and Polish underground conspiracy for independence} with daughter Gabrielė Marija Renė Oginskaitė 1830 - 1912 of Gargždai {see Mielzynski} who married to Edward Józef Krasicki and Eugeniusz von Rönne.

Witold Krasicki born 1822, d. 1886, was son of Leon KRASICKI
[Leon born in Worokomle, died 1859 in Hlusza, was son of Karl / KAROL Krasicki + Julie Plater; grandson of Stanislaus Krasicki + unknown Polileto]
of Hluszcza / Hlusza and his second wife Antonina Sarah Saunders / Sara Saunders; 1st wife was Michaline Sutkowska.
Witold b. 1822 was the owner of Worokomle / Wrokomla, married Theresa Miaczynska / Teresa Mirczynska daughter of Atanazy and Helana Ledóchowska;
brothers of above Witold:
1. Waclaw [Wenzel Krasicki b. 1823 m. Helena Oskierko] owner of Samojlowicze, m. Oskierko [Waclaw Krasicki b. 1823 in Worokomle, died in 1897 in Samojlowicze].
2. Edward [Eduard-Josef Krasicki b. 1831 + Gabriela Oginska] owner of Hlusza in Wolyn; widow after him - Gabryela Oginska was the daughter of Tadeusz and Maryia Ronne / Maria von Ronne.
Above Edward Józef Krasicki 1831-1877 + Gabriela Maria Oginska 1830-1912 [1911] had son Leon Wilhelm Marian Krasicki 1856-1866.
Daughters [of Witold Krasicki]:
1) Michalina m. in 1880 to Stanislaw Teofil Michalowski, landowner of Mokrany in Wolyn [or Marie Michaele Krasicki b. 1870];
2) Mairya [see above Michalina ?].
3) Kazimiera.
Or Helene Krasicki b. 1862 + Marcel Mikulicz-Radecki;
Martha Krasicki b. 1864 + Manswet Ciemniewski;
Marie Michaele Krasicki b. 1870;
Iza Krasicki + Stephan Orda;
Wenzel Krasicki b. 1861 + Eleonore Pietraszewska;
Stanislaus Krasicki b. 1863 + Katharina Ronikier;
Johann Josaphat Ladislaus Krasicki b. 1865 + Maria Nitoslawska; and last
Ignaz / Ignacy Krasicki b. 1871 + Maria Lach-Szyrma.
3. last brother of above Witold Krasicki son of Leon KRASICKI was Michal officer in Krzemieniec.

Above Antonina Sarah Saunders, 1808–1853, was daughter of Osip (Joseph) Sanders / Józef SAUNDERS born 1773 in England - d. 1845 [since 1794 in St Petersburg, 1810 in Wilno, d. in Krzemieniec] and Antonina Zofia Reichel b. 1780. Joseph / Józef SAUNDERS, painter, graphic artist and engraver on copper of English origin. He was father of Andrew Sanders [see below]. Sanders moved to Vilna in 1810 and became a professor of engraving at the Vilnius University, the first in Russia and one of the first in Europe.
Engraved a local landscapes and portraits of local figures in collaboration with Jan Rustem [see Oziemblowski, Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Smokowski, and Konstantynowicz] and Jan DAMEL.
He collaborated with Szymon Czechowicz, preparing the publication of the album of his works; in 1818 he went to rest and treatment in Italy, leaving the family in Vilna; he lived in Florence and then in Odessa [!], briefly returned to Vilna, where in 1825 officially retired. Last he came to Vilna in 1839; but lived also in the Volyn region [see Krasicki].
His son was Andrei Wilhelm Sanders / Andrei Osipovich Sanders / William Andrew Sanders / William Henry Saunders who died in 1838 in Vilna / Vilnius; Russian military 1819-1828 and translator of English; adjutant under General P. K. Suhtelene; in 1826 promoted to colonel, he has published two books of poetry translated into English - published in 1826 in London.

Above named Gabriele / Gabriela Krasicka - von Ronne was half-sister to Ludwika Teodora Eleonora Plater-Zyberk - Borewicz b. 1814;
4. Ludowika (Liudvika) b. ca 1805, unmarried;
5. Theodora (Teodora) b. ca 1807, married to KSAWERY OGINSKI.
Above Anton Baron Rönne b. ca 1795, was son of [Feliksas Renė b. ca 1770 [?] + Antonina Giełgud] Felix Baron Rönne and Antonina Gielgud / Antonia Gelgaudaite, in 1869 was owner of Renava / Renowo in the Zemaitija county, married 2 times: 1st to PRZECISLEWSKA / Psecislevska, 2nd m. Olympia Gorski. His children:
1. Pelagia (1818 - ?);
2. Olimpia (1829-1861), married FELIKS OGINSKI / Felix Prince Oginskis (1830-1880), son of Ksawery Oginski.

Named above Renavas / Renowo, Rennow, owned by above named Maria Baroness Rönne, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite; Maria b. 1804, d. 1897 m. 1st to Michal BOREWICZ / Michael Prince Borevicius, Judge, d. 1814 with children: Nikolaus, Ludvikia, Teodora, and
m. 2nd to Tadeus Prince Oginski (1798-1844)
with children: Nastasia, Gabriela, Angela.

Above Theodora Baroness Rönne, b. ca 1807, married Ksaveras Prince Oginski. Their son was Feliks Oginski / Feliksas Prince Oginski 1830 - 1880 who married with Olimpija Baroness Rönne, Anton's daughter.
Above Feliks Filip von Rönne [see above] b. ca 1797 / 1800 or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargsdai; married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka; children from the 1st wife:
1.
Eugene Carl Anton Theophil b. 1830 in Gargsdai / Gargzdu, nearby Klaipeda [died 1895 in Berlin, married Gabriela Princess Oginska (1830-1912), he was Polish poet !];
2.
Aniela / Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne / Aniele (Anele Elena Amelija) b. 1832 m. Count Melzinski / MIELZYNSKI, the last heir of Renavas, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne, 1832-1911, married in 1868 to Stanislaw Count Mielzynski. Their son Felix Count Melzinski was the heir of manor Renavas, too. Renavas - 50 km east-north-north of PLUNGE. Above ANIELA von Ronne Mielzynska was half sister of Kazimierz Anastazy Karol Lubomirski [+ Zenaida Holynski daughter of Michal Holynski of the Mscislau province - see Konstantynowicz] and Władysław Lubomirski.


The note on the President LECH KACZYNSKI genealogy and at margin about the Psarski family:

Generation 1:
Lech Kaczyński / Lech Aleksander Kaczyński b. 1949, died on 10 April 2010 in Smoleńsk, was the President of Poland in 2005 until 2010; m. Maria Mackiewicz. He was son of Rajmund Irka Kaczyński born on September 1, 1922; grandson of Aleksander Kaczyński born ca 1890 [from Piotr Kaczyński b. 1857 who was son of Stanisław Kaczyński born to Mikołaj Kaczyński b. 1767 in Skarzyn Abramy. Mikolaj was son of Walenty Kaczynski].

Now from beginning:
Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730 [1740 ?] - 1764 daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691-1772 and Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1700;
Marianna m. to Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733, d. 1784 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch;
they had son Maksymilian Olszowski b. ca 1760 / 1763, d. 1814 in Wólka Krzykowska in the Chorzęcin parish + Magdalena Górecka b. ca 1760, with children:
Tomasz Ksawery;
Szymon Jakub OLSZOWSKI 1798-1882 + Agnieszka Gurbska b. ca 1810-1860
[with daughter Julia Emilia Magdalena Olszowska born 1827 + Aleksander Dunin-Brzeziński];
Jan Chrzciciel b. 1802 {the same generation like Mikołaj Kaczyński b. 1767}.
Daughter of above Aleksander Dunin-Brzezinski was Jadwiga Dunin-Brzezińska b. ca 1860 married Stanisław Jasiewicz with son Aleksander Jasiewicz m. Stefania Szydłowska; and granddaughter Jadwiga Jasiewicz b. 1926.

We back to the generation 9 before Lech Kaczynski:

Stanisław Olszowski b. 1705 - d. 1736 + Zofia Nekanda Trepka b. ca 1700-1735; Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biała 14 km north-west of Wielun; and Teresa Sielnicka.

At margin:
Antoni Jan Olszowski was born 1732, to above mentioned Stanisław Olszowski and Zofia Nekanda-Trepka.
Stanisław was born in 1705. Zofia was born in 1700. Antoni had brother Jan Nepomucen Olszowski.

Antoni Jan Olszowski m. in 1756 to Katarzyna Niemojowska b. 1730, with one daughter Franciszka Załuskowski; and with son Marceli Olszowski 1767-1837,
grandson Andrzej Olszowski 1801-1879 m. in 1837 to Emilia Czarzewska / Czażewska 1818-1885;
great-grandson Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 married Julia Szembek 1836 - died in Wroclaw in 1928.

Above named Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 was owner of Torzyniec {Torzeniec, the village in the Ostrzeszow county, close to Doruchów, north-west of WIERUSZOW}, died in Breslau / Wroclaw, the marriage in 1866.

Mentioned above
Julia SZEMBEK was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu / Emilia Bécu de Tavernier b. 1806 - Gdańsk, d. 1895 - Wrocław
[see the Becu family at my domain + Slowacki and Pilar - Pilchau of Estonia / Parnu];
Julia nee Szembek was born 1836 or ca 1838 in the Siemianice parish, died in Wrocław. Julia's {Paulina Ewa Julia Szembek} grandfather - Wincenty Barnaba Józef Szembek b. 1778,
great-grandfather was Polish and Russian General Major Aleksander Szembek 1739-1806, Freemason,
son of Józef Szembek 1710-1765 of Ostrzeszow [east of Krotoszyn - see Mielzynski].
Jozef b. 1710 was son of Aleksander Szembek of Leczyca, grandson of Piotr Szembek [Aleksander was half brother of Stanisław Szembek junior]. Piotr was son of Hieronim Szembek and Gryzelda Żęlecka 1610-1644. Piotr was half brother of Paweł Szembek 1600-1659
[with son Stanisław Szembek who died 1750, and grandson - Paweł Szembek b. ca 1680, died 1751, and great-grandson Bishop Onufry Kajetan Szembek b. 1743 in Sawa, the Myślenice County]
and Stanisław Szembek senior.

Above Andrzej Olszowski 1801-1879 was son of Marceli 1767-1837 and Franciszka Kalinowska - she was born ca 1760 (before 1765 ?). Franciszka Kalinowska m. Olszewski / Olszowski in ca 1800 [before ?].
The Ludwik Olszowski [Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 married Julia Szembek 1836-1928] branch come from Walerian and his son Mikołaj who was born in 1619 in Olszowo / Olszowa, the Ujazd parish. Olszowo - 15 km north-west of Ujazd in the Śląsk province (Schlesien, Silesia).

Above Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691 [Franciszek Ksawery Psarski 1691 - 1772, owner of Biała 14 km north-west of Wielun], died in Myślniew, the Kobyla Góra parish close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski in Ostrzeszow]; married to Teresa Sielnicka b. ca 1690 / 1700 [his daughter was Marianna Psarska b. ca 1730-1764 + Jan Nepomucen Olszowski b. 1733 - see the Lech Kaczynski branch];
his son Władysław Psarski b. ca 1725 - d. 1787, officer in Ostrzeszów, m. Rozalia Bartochowska lived in Ruda close to Wielun (see Kiedrzynski near Wielun), with 10 children:
1. Marianna Psarska b. ca 1755, m. in 1791 in above Ruda, to Karol Gorecki b. ca 1755, of Nowa Wieś;
2. Kunegunda Psarska b. 1755, m. in 1788 in Kraszkowice, the Ruda parish, to Jan Kanty Krąkowski died in 1814 in Kociszew, officer in Ostrzeszów, son of Ignacy Krąkowski b. 1720, officer in Ostrzeszów (see Walewski, Psarski, Kiedrzynski, Kreski), grandson of Władysław Jordan Krakowski b. 1676 Rogaszyce;
3. Salomea Psarska (1765 - 1839 Dąbrówka, the Sieradz county) m. Franciszek Kobylański (1760 - 1857);
4. Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Rędziny) m. Łucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863),
5. Franciszek Psarski b. ca 1770 m. Wiktoria Fundament - Karśnicka b. ca 1775 - 1844 Biała, daughter of Jan Gwalbert Fudament - Karśnicki (1731 - 1820);
6. Anna Psarska (1770 - 1806 in the Kuźniczka manor in the Krzepice parish - see Kiedrzynski) m. Józef Leon Jaxa - Bykowski Count b. ca 1766;
7. Hipolit Psarski b. ca 1770 m. Franciszka Jakułowicz;
8. Józef Psarski b. 1780, m. Tekla Wierzchleyska;
9. Agnieszka Psarska died after 1844, m. 1804, to Jan Kanty Szaniawski b. ca 1764;
10. Rozyna Anna Magdalena Psarska (born in 1781 in Kraszkowice, close to Ruda).

Note on Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki, 1731 - 1820, who was born to Sebastian Fundament - Karśnicki:
Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki married Jadwiga Maslowska. Owner of Węglewice.
His next of kin:
JÓZEF SULIMIERSKI b. 1738, d. 1805, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka {see Rogaczewski, Kiedrzynski + Konstantynowicz}, and Kuźnica (near Lubiec), m. Franciszka Wierzchlejska, with son
Jan Piotr Walerian SULIMIERSKI b. 1783, m. in 1804 in Cieszęcin to Magdalena Jastrzębiec Karśnicka born in ca 1784, daughter of above Jan Gwalbert KARSNICKI and Jadwiga Masłowski, with son:
Marceli Jan Gwalbert / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805 in Weglowice / WEGLEWICE close to Wielun (the Wieruszow county); d. 1874, judge, exiled to Siberie,
m. in 1828 in Częstochowa, to Zofia Joanna Wczele Szołowska b. 1808, with son
Władysław Jan Sulimierski 1830 - 1866, who m. Wanda Walewska b. 1832 [see Wola Pszczolecka].

Piotr RADOLINSKI died 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Lanckorońska, with:
1. Maria Radolinska b. ca 1795 married to Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski, son of Ludwik and Antonina Kalinowska [see Wola Pszczolecka, Oginski, Kalinowski in 1840 in St Petersburg],
2. Józefa Radolinska b. 1800 in Żelazków m. to Józef Jastrzębiec Karśnicki 1784-1862, son of Jan Gwalbert [Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820] and Józefa Jadwiga Masłowska.

Wojciech Donat Rokossowski died 1834, owner of Poręba in the Olkusz county, the Cięgowice parish, m. Zuzanna Jabłońska d. 1851, with
Marcela Marianna Rokossowska b. 1810, who married to Jan Gwalbert Karśnicki 1795-1874, owner of Łyskornia and Węglowice (his sister Urszula Julia Agnieszka Fundament-Karśnicka 1823 [1813 ?] - 1881 m. Józef Marek Piotr Stadnicki 1816-1893),
son of Idzi Karsnicki (ca 1765 ? / 1780-1835 or E. Karsnicki) and Konorata / Honorata Kożuchowska 1770-1860.
Idzi was son of mentioned above Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820.
Above Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki in 1808-1810 had built a church in Weglewice, he was MP in 1788, insurgent in 1794.

Florian Stanisław Józef Kreski b. 1771 in Grębanin {Count} - 1838, owner of Masłowice, married in 1803 in Węglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karśnicka d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert [Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820] and Józefa Masłowski,
with children:
a. Laura Rozamunda KRESKA b. 1805 in Grębanin, d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, son of Marcin and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,
b. Natalia Marianna KRESKA born in 1804 in Grębanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Rościsław Walewski 1802-1835) owner of Pstrokonie, who was son of Ludwik Walewski,
c. Edward Napoleon Kreski born in 1806 Węglewice, d. 1879, owner of Masłowice, judge in Wieluń, owner of estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Łazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Łask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kręska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski and Brygida Kożuchowski, 3rd m. in 1852 in Masłowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy.

Above named Napoleon Izydor Rościsław Walewski 1802-1835 married to Natalia Marianna Kręska 1804-1832
(Natalia Marianna Kręska b. 1804 - Grębanin close to Wieruszow and Kepno, d. 1832 - Masłowice; she had grandfathers: Joachim Kręski 1723-1795 [see below!] and named above Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820).

Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranów parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border [see: Florian Stanisław Józef Kreski b. 1771 in Grębanin !], married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranów, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770. Andrzej Kiedrzyński (junior) was born ca 1770, was son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski and Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish.


The genealogy of the SZEMBEK family and of Ignacy Bleszynski [Ignacy Bleszynski of Luszowice, close to Koscielec]:

Ignacy Błeszyński was born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan.
Above Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew and Bujnów - 3 km west of Zloczew and 9 km north-east of Dymki {see KIEDRZYNSKI} and close to Lututow, in 1773 - Grodzice and Łagiewniki, MP in 1809, 1811 MP of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, officer in Brodnica, very active member of the 1794 Insurection
(battle of Sieradz; see Madalinski and Uminski - near KROTOSZYN, and the MIELZYNSKI family)
in the Sieradz province; married Petronela Radoliński, with son Ignacy Franciszek Błeszyński b. 1783, m. ANNA ca 1810.
All children of above named Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and
Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanisław Józef Walewski 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814 and
Kunegunda WALEWSKA Szembek born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek, Count, 1740-1835, MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793, with son Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdańsk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier, with son Aleksander Szembek (1815-1884).

Józef Szembek d. 1765 in Cracow, officer in Ostrzeszow, was son of Aleksander Szembek senior of Lęczyca, grandson of PIOTR, great-grandson of Hieronim Szembek b. ca 1600, died 1663, who was son of Stanisław Szembek b. ca 1540, died 1599.
Józef Szembek d. 1765, had 2 sons - Aleksander junior and above Józef Ignacy Szembek b. 1740.

Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911 {see Lech Kaczynski's genealogy} married Julia Szembek 1836-1928. Ludwik was owner of Torzyniec {Torzeniec, the village in the Ostrzeszow county, close to Doruchów, north-west of WIERUSZOW}, died in Breslau / Wroclaw, the marriage in 1866.
Julia was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu; Julia nee Szembek was born 1836 or ca 1838 in the Siemianice parish, died in Wrocław. Mentioned above Julia SZEMBEK was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu / Emilia Bécu de Tavernier b. 1806 - Gdańsk, d. 1895 - Wrocław [see the Becu family at my domain + Slowacki and Pilar - Pilchau of Estonia / Parnu];
Julia's {Paulina Ewa Julia Szembek} grandfather - Wincenty Barnaba Józef Szembek b. 1778,
great-grandfather was Polish and Russian General Major Aleksander Szembek 1739-1806, Freemason,
son of Józef Szembek 1710-1765 of Ostrzeszow [east of Krotoszyn - see Mielzynski].
Jozef b. 1710 was son of Aleksander Szembek of Leczyca,
grandson of Piotr Szembek [Aleksander was half brother of Stanisław Szembek junior].
Piotr SZEMBEK was son of mentioned above
Hieronim Szembek and Gryzelda Żęlecka 1610-1644. Piotr was half brother of Paweł Szembek senior 1600-1659
[with son Stanisław Szembek who died 1750, and grandson - Paweł Szembek junior b. ca 1680, died 1751, and great-grandson Bishop Onufry Kajetan Szembek b. 1743 in Sawa, the Myślenice County]
and Stanisław Szembek senior.

Jan Paszkowski, born ca 1755 + Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków); Anna Niemojewska was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872, acc. to my search,
her mother was Ludwika nee Walewska 1775-1863 and her grandfather was
Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792 + Paulina Pulina Radolinska, and great-grandfather was
Aleksander Walewski m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno.

SEE:
Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716), of Rozprza (1702-1716), married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu. He had daughter and two sons:
a. Justyna,
b. Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ? who had son - mentioned above
Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno.

This Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska had son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (ca 1743 / 1747 - 1792) - they all were owners of Jedlno [see IZYDOR + HELENA KIEDRZYNSKI].
Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski.
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno.
Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ? had grandchildren: Józef Kalasanty Walewski {see - Izydor Kiedrzynski and Helena} and Wincenty Walewski b. 1785, who had son Konrad Walewski, b. 1813 in Jedlno, d. 1896 Cracow who married to Ludwika Potocka b. 1814 / 1815 with 2 children.
c.
Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 with son
Stanisław Józef Walewski ca 1720 or 1740 - 1770 and grandchildren:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski and Kunegunda Szembek.
Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married above Stanisław Józef Walewski 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814 and Kunegunda WALEWSKA Szembek born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek, Count.

Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, who m. 1st to Zuzanna Połchowska with:
a. Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835, and
b. Magdalena Helena Walewska born ca 1761 / 1762.
Romuald WALEWSKI was son of Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, who m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.

Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, was son of mentioned above Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga [see below]; MAREK was father of Paulina / Paula Oginska; brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and brother of named above Magdalena Antonina Walewska!

We back to mother of Paula Oginska:
Jadwiga Szembek nee Rudnicka, ca 1710 - ca 1765, wife of Marek Szembek and Kazimierz Lubienski, she was mother of
Paula Oginska;
Konstancja Kossowska and
Anna Letowska.
Above Marek Szembek 1700 - 1744.
Above Paula Oginska Szembek, burned in Miedniewice, was born 1737, d. 1798, she was wife of
Celestyn Lubienski,
Jan Prosper Potocki, and
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski!
She was mother of Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski,
Michal Kleofas Oginski,
(see: Komorowski, von Ronne, Mielzynski, Bilewicz, Pilsudski, Trubecki, Kalinowski, Konstantynowicz, Tallinn, Italy, Napoleon...)
and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska;
half sister of Konstancja Kossowska and Anna Letowska.
We remember that above Antoni Felicjan Szembek ca 1680 - 1739, was father of Magdalena Antonina Walewska.

The great-grandfather of Bogdan Konstantynowicz was Antoni Plaszczewski b. ca 1865/1870 in Zosle or Zasliai; he was living in 1907 in Wilno; his wife Rachela Pilecka b. ca 1870; 1907 - address - Malo Obozowa No 207; carpenter; bought home from Marek Losiew; Rachela died before 1924;
her daughter Zofia Plaszczewska married Jerzy / Marian Konstantynowicz - lived in Lida to morning of 18 September 1939, then Wilno.
Antoni Plaszczewski was son of JAN Plaszczewski b. ca 1840 in ZASLIAI [?] - the name from paper of 1907. Rachela PILECKA b. ca 1870, maybe was next of kin of Julian Pilecki [Adam Pilecki, b. ca 1810 + Maria Domeyko of Sukurcze, had son Józef Pilecki, of Starojelnia and Lowczylowicze; Jozef married to Flawia Zórawska with son Julian Pilecki, married to Ludwika Osiecimska].
Zasliai is located between three lakes in eastern Lithuania, halfway between Kaunas and Vilnius; 30 km west of Mejszagola / Maisiagala. Owners: Juniewicz Henryk of Samuelów and Zosle; Count Tyszkiewicz Stefan of Korsaki nad Zosle.
Above Stefan Eugeniusz Tyszkiewicz / Stefan Eugeniusz Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski of Landwarow, b. 1894, son of Wladyslaw Tyszkiewicz b. 1865 in Landwarow; owner of Landwarow; Wladyslaw was brother of Aleksander Tyszkiewicz / Aleksandras Tiskevicius b. 1864 in Paris, landowner of Kretynga, son of Józef owner of Landwarow and Kretynga + Zofia Horwatt.
Count Aleksy Korff, back in 1920 to Wilno, and Ponary; 1923 in Gieguzyn close to Zosle.
Above Zasliai / Zosle / Zoszle, 7 km of Koszedary. In 1710 Zosle was the estate of Marianna Romer; 1737 - Jan and Anna Chreptowicz; 1766 - Joachim Chreptowicz, then Michal Zaleski; 1850 - Antoni Zaleski [in 1863]; next to Józef Tyszkiewicz;
in 1795 to Teresa Potocka - Kossakowska / Terese Hilzeniene / Teresa Korwin-Kossakowska born Potocka in in 1740, to Michal Potocki and Marcjanna born Oginska. Michal was born in 1663. Marcjanna was born in 1713. Teresa had brothers Feliks Potocki and Ksawery Franciszek Potocki. Teresa 1st married Szymon Marcin Juda Korwin-Kossakowski with one daughter Natalia Marianna / Marianna Korwin-Kossakowska. Teresa 2nd married Józef Jerzy Hilzen with son Jan Jerzy Hilzen. Teresa died in 1823.
Simonas Martynas Kosakovskis [b. 1741 in Szyly, died on April 25, 1794 in Vilnius]; 1768 the Bar confederation with 4000 unit in the Smolensk province, and fought about Pskow, in Kurlandia; 1790 he was Russian general-major. Teresa was mother of Natalija Marijona Kosakauskaite [b. 1769] and Jan Jerzy Hilzen [b. ca 1770]. Sister of Petras Potockis born 1728. Half sister of Feliks Potocki and Ksawery Franciszek Potocki.
Above Marcijana Potocka born Oginska in 1713 in Vicebsk, died 1766, daughter of Marcin Michal Oginski and Teresa BRZOSTOWSKA. Sister of Barbara Pac; Ignacy Oginski; Stanislaw Jerzy Oginski; Tadas Pranciskus Oginskis [father of Andrius Ignotas Oginskis {! father of Michal Kleofas Oginski and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska} and Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski] and Benedykta Tyszkiewicz. Half sister of Stanislawa Teresa and Marianna.
Above Marcin Michal Oginski known as Marcjan Oginski, born in 1672 in Vicebsk / Vitsebsk, d. 1750. Son of Szymon Karol Symeon Oginski.


The experts very well know who was Michal Kleofas Oginski and his father! See below on his genealogy + von Ronne [+ Mielzynski]; about the Oginskis and their role in the great Polish conspiracy on the other my web pages. Welcome to read!
On the Von Ronne family, and the family of Mielzynski from Krotoszyn {Baszkow and others villages} and from Leszno area [Pawlowice] - and it was only one step to the Sulkowskis - here recall the aide of Napoleon and his relationships with the family Venture de Paradise and with the family of King Poniatowski - not only: also family relationships to Breguet [see Ireland ! and Kazan] - and here one step to Duflon [the Neuchatel county and so on] and Konstantynowicz of Miezonka and Moscow, Kazan, Tallinn, Viljandi, Parnu... - and again we return to Moscow and Armand - see again Inessa Armand and Lenin [Dzierzynski + Artuzow Frutchi from Switzerland + Pilar Pilchau - see de Mohrenhildt and Kennedy, Hlusk and Bobruisk, Becu, Slowacki, Rehbinder and Gernet from Estonia + Konstantynowicz of Pskow; to Bulhak, Dzierzynski, Pilsudski...].

Brief note:
MARIA TEKLA von Ronne OGINSKA / Marija Tekle Oginskiene that is Maria (Marija) 1804 - 1897 m. 2nd time to TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis.
Tadeusz Antoni Oginski 1798-1844, had children:
Natalia Oginska 1830-1867 + Zygmunt Gawronski 1816-1886;
Gabriela Maria Oginska 1830-1912 + 1st to Edward Józef Krasicki 1831 - 1877, + 2nd to Eugeniusz von Rönne 1830-1895;
Amelia Oginska b. ca 1830 + Witold Zygmunt Joachim Wollowicz 1825-1875 with son Olgierd Michal Wollowicz 1869-1900.

Above Tadeusz Antoni Oginski, born 1798 or ca 1805, died 1844 in Veisiejai, the Lazdijai district, was son of Michal Kleofas Oginski and Izabela.

Above MARIA TEKLA von Ronne OGINSKA / Marija Tekle Oginskiene was sister of:
1. Anton / Antanas von RONNE, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas, who had daughter Olimpia (1829-1861), married FELIKS OGINSKI / Felix Prince Oginskis (1828 or 1830-1880 / 1893), son of Ksawery Oginski [that is Franciszek Ksawery 1801-1837 and Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832. Franciszek was son of Michal Kleofas Oginski 1765-1833].
2. Felix II von RONNE / Feliksas, born ca 1797 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai [see Mielzynski of Krotoszyn and Angela Merkel];
and 3. Ludowika (Liudvika) b. ca 1805, unmarried;
4. Theodora (Teodora) b. ca 1807, married to KSAWERY OGINSKI
[that is Franciszek Ksawery 1801-1837 who married to Teodora von Rönne 1807-1832 with son above named Feliks Oginski 1828-1893 + 1st wife in ca 1840 to Olimpia von Rönne 1829-1861, daughter of Antoni von Rönne].

So just you remind that the Oginskis land estates in Belarus had a huge impact on the family Oziemblowski and Dzerzhinsky [see Zalesie, Iwieniec, Retow at my domain].
Here, only one step to Joseph Oziemblowski [son of Onufry Oziemblowski b. ca 1780 ?] and Smokowski next of kin to the Konstantynowiczs - they together were friends to Jan Rustem in Wilno. In 1878 above Józef Oziemblowski / Ozieblowski died [b. 1805 in Minsk or 1804, died in Wilno] and also Boleslaw Ozieblowski died in 1878 - son of mentioned Józef [Boleslaw died in Pskowie in Jan. 1878; he was born in 1834]. STEFANJA OZIEBLOWSKA 1849 - 1934, was daughter of above Józef. Onufry Oziemblowski b. ca 1780, had grandson Wieslaw Oziemblowski b. 1840 to father from MINSK, who was b. 1805. Jozef Oziemblowski was friend of Jan Rustem (b. 1762 Stambul, d. 1835 in Puszki near Dukszty).
Jan Rustem b. 1762 in Konstantynopol, died in 1835, Dukšteliai / Duksztialiai / Dukštas in Lithuania, was a painter of Armenian ethnicity, was sponsored by Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, back to Poland around 1774, among his tutors were Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine and Marcello Bacciarelli;
1788 and 1790 in Germany, where he became a freemason, then in Warsaw, later moving to Vilna; 1789 he worked in the theater of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Casimir Oginski in Slonim - to 1798;
in Wilno was as assistant to Franciszek Smuglewicz, his students were Taras Shevchenko, Józef Oleszkiewicz, Kanuty Rusiecki, and Michal Kulesza.

And we back to Soltan and Konstantynowicz:
Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, wife of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Soltan;
Anna Soltan;
Stanislaw Soltan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Jozef / Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.
Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, husband of Idalia b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej; Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 was father of Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan and Maria Anna Sierakowska. Above Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan 1821 - 1853, was father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.

Note to Smokowski
[see below about Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz. Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 m. Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790 with daughter - above Emilia]:
Wincenty Smokowski b. 1797 in Wilno, died 1876 in Krykiany (KRIKONYS or Krykiany, the manor / Krikonys, 18 km south-east of Ignalina, south-east of UTENA) close to Mielegiany. Wincenty Smokowski, was "painter, graphic artist, sculptor, lecturer at the Vilnius University (studied at the Vilnius University 1817 - 1822); and at the Art Academy in St. Petersburg in 1823-29 (1831-36 in Wilno again studied medicine). In 1829 under Jan Rustem painted compositions of an historical, daily life, and antiquarian nature, as well as portraits; illustrated books, and published articles about Lithuanian art and artists", acc. to http://www.unesco.org/webworld. In 1822, the Vilnius artist Wincenty Smokowski (1797–1876) visited the ruins of the Trakai island castle and sketched the surviving fragments. Wincenty Smokowski was excellent woodcutter - illustrator by Aleksander Majerski (1789-1857), artist, lithographer, drawing teacher.

DOMINIK Konstantynowicz was gotten married with Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki from Kublicze (= Kublicy) in accordance with Boniecki; she was great-granddaughter of
Stanislaw Duke Radziwill at Nieswiez / Nyasvizh (b.1722) + Karolina nee Pociej (b. 1732)
and daughter of Jozef Piottuch - Kublicki of the Ostoja coat of arms (Oktawia born c. 1810, and Kublicy = Kublicze is situated in Uszacz region = Ushachi, Usacy - that is west of Uszacz, the Witebsk / Vitsyebsk / Vicebsk province, in district of Lepel / Lyepyel; in Kublicze were living the Veryho-Darevskis {1863}).
Mentioned Konstantynowicz that was Dominik born c. 1805, exceptionally well-off man, was the second husband of Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki because Jozef Szumski was the first one. It was plenty of conversations among families of Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz even in the middle of the twentieth century about wealth of Dominik.
These spouses were related with: dukes Radziwill
(one of richest person of Poland and Lithuania in eighteenth century, Stanislaw duke Radziwill was an immediate descendant of Aleksander Ludwik duke Radziwill - born 1594 - with "Trumpets" coat of arms and his wife Tekla nče Wollowicz; also the descendant of Mikolaj Krzysztof duke Radziwill called the "Black" born 1515 in Nieswiez - most influential man in Grand Principality of Lithuania in 16th cent. and an uncle of Barbara Radziwill),
dukes Oginski, Szumski, Piottuch (- Kublicki), Smokowski, Soltan, Pociej and Benislawski.

Brief explanation:
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.
Above named Jozef had daughters and sons:
1. Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benislawski 1846-1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);
2. Walentyna Soltan (born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska. Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4. Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;
5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6. above named Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735 [?] - 1789.
Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1750 [?], married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[daughter of Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer; the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan (see below).

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.
Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Römer; husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

We back to the Oziemblowskis that is Ozieblowski:
We know about: Hieronim Oziemblowski b. 1630;
Józef Oziemblowski b. 1805 - Minsk, who was son of Onufry?
Samuel Oziemblowski b. ca 1700, who was grandson of above Hieronim.
Hektor Oziemblowski b. ca 1690, maybe brother of above Samuel; Hektor was owner of Rawisze, Gikany, Zosnica and Kolpaciszki.

And again back to the Oginskis, Dzierzynski and Oziemblowski:
Retów / Rietavas, is situated ca 25 km south of Plunge of the Oginskis, and east of Gargzdai of von RONNE, ca 40 km.

GARGZDAI / Gargždai of the Rönne family - in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir Oginski; Sapieha in 1786; Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; F. and E. Rėnė / Rönne. 1786 fire burned almost all the buildings,
for sometime, the estate was owned by Count MIELZYNSKI of Pawlowice - Krotoszyn (counts Mielžinskiams). 1829-1830 their mansion purchased by Baron Felix Ronne;
1831 uprising - fighting headed by K. Hanusevičiaus. Michael Suraki, was arrested, but later returned. After the uprising baron F. Ronne about 1840 built a chapel.
When Felix RONNE died, his daughter, Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei taken the estate land with manor, then son of Baron, Eugenijus Ronne.
In the 4th decade of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the Gargždai Manor was owned by the famous baron E. Ronne. E. Ronne built a park, manor, he was educated, corresponded with Karolina Broniewska; his small museums equipped with collections of antiquities, porcelain collection, books in a library. 1895 Baron Eugene Ronne was buried in his father's chapel; 1912 was buried there his wife Gabrielle Oginskytė-Ronne / GABRIELA OGINSKA. The mansion went to daughter of his first marriage [was three daughters] Countess Gabriele Komarauskaitei-Krasickienei / Gabriela KOMOROWSKA - KRASICKA.

In 1732 Retów bought Józef Benedykt Skumin-Tyszkiewicz (1694 - 1754), who married to Teresa Niemirowicz-Szczyt (1708-?), then to his son Krzysztof (1729-1762), who in 1748 married Jadwiga Zaluska (1726-1771); in 1763 widow Jadwiga Zaluska Tyszkiewicz m. Duke Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski (1712-1783), and Retów passed on the ownership of the family Oginski. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill
[Izabela Kotryna Oginska born Radziwill]
of Nieswiez, d. 1761 / 1763; Izabela Kotryna Oginska Radziwill b. 1711, d. 1761 in Maladzyechna, the Minsk Province, was daughter of Michal Antoni Radziwill b. 1687
[he was brother of Lukrecja Katarzyna Donhoff; Adelajda Cecylia Teresa Dambska; Jan Mikolaj Radziwill, and Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll who was father of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, with daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan b. circa 1751 and her children were:
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780
{with 4 or more of course children:
Walentyna Soltan (Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan 1795 - 1843 with daughter Oktawia Soltan b. 1830, d. 1871 in Kazan, m. in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan 1824 - 1900);
Anna Benislawska (Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Benislawski);
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki;
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Szumski + DOMINIK KONSTANTYNOWICZ of MIEZONKA;
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876 son of Konstancja Mickiewicz;
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820};
Helena Soltan and Anna Wankowicz]
and Marianna Siesicka;
she was sister of Leon Radziwill and Marijona Radvilaite (copyright by Andrzej Hennel).

Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and
Andrzej Ignacy (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son
Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812].
Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851) - with her son Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski (1808-1863) owner of Zalesie and Retów.
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski married Józefa Kalinowska (1816-1844), daughter of General Józef Kalinowski [see also Wola Pszczolecka] and Emilia Potocka she died in 1844; then Ireneusz married 2nd to Olga Kalinowska [see Trubecki, Estonia, Konstantynowicz, 1840 St Petersburg and Cracow].
Olga had 2 sons: Michal Mikolaj Oginski owner of Zalesie, and Bogdan Michal Oginski in Retów.
Bogdan Michal Oginski / Bohdan Michal Oginski duke b. 1848, married on 28 Apr. 1877 to Gabriela Maria Potulicki in Cracow, died on 25 March 1909 in Retow in the Rosienie district.

Plunge Manor is a former Oginski residential manor in Plunge. Oginski was a Lithuanian diplomat, and polish composer. Plunge is situated 44 km north-west of Gargzdai [see Krotoszyn and Mielzynski; see Angela Merkel]; 1806 to 1873 Plunge belonged to mentioned above Platon Zubov, and later to the Oginskis / Oginskiai, who built a palace here in 1879.

Above Prince Platon Alexandrovich Zubov b. 1767, died 1822, was the last of Catherine the Great's favourites and the most powerful man in Russian Empire; he had several siblings, including Nicholas, Valerian, and Olga Zherebtsova. "It was through his distant relative, Russian Field Marshal Nicholas Saltykov, that he met the Empress. Saltykov presented the young officer to the court on the understanding that Zubov would then help Saltykov in his feud with Catherine's long-standing favourite, Prince Potemkin".
See: Walewski, Potocki, Kalinowski, Lubomirski and Wola Pszczolecka, also Billewicz and Zubov / Zubow!
Above Platon Aleksandrovicius Zubov died in Joniškis [at half of way from Siauliai to Mitawa / Jelgava, now in north Lithuania], partner of Sofia Leontievna Przysylonska; father of Sofja Platonovna Pirch; and Aleksandra Platonovna Zubova and so on. He was brother of Olga Alexandrovna Zherebtsova; Count Valerian Zubov; Vasili Zubov and Anna Khorvat / HORVAT and so on.

Note on the Gargždai estate:
Gargždai was an estate of the Rönne family; in the eighteenth century Gargzdai was owned by Prince Casimir / Kazimierz Oginski; also to Sapieha in 1786; then Baron Otto Heinrich de Igelstriomas in 1769, 1818; F. and E. Rene / Rönne.
In 1786 fire burned almost all the buildings, for sometime, the estate was owned by Count MIELZYNSKI of Pawlowice - Krotoszyn (counts Mielžinskiams). 1829-1830 their mansion purchased by Baron Felix Ronne; 1831 uprising - fighting headed by K. Hanuseviciaus. Michael Suraki, was arrested, but later returned. After the uprising baron F. Ronne about 1840 built a chapel.
When Felix died, his daughter, Countess ANIELA MIELZYNSKA / Anele Mielžinskienei taken the estate land with manor, then son of Baron, Eugenijus Ronne.
In the 4th decade of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the Gargždai Manor was owned by the famous baron E. Ronne. E. Ronne built a park, manor, he was educated, corresponded with Karolina Broniewska; his small museums equipped with collections of antiquities, porcelain collection, books in a library. 1895 Baron Eugene Ronne was buried in his father's chapel;
in 1912 was buried there his wife Gabrielle Oginskyte-Ronne / GABRIELA OGINSKA.
The mansion went to daughter of his first marriage [was three daughters] Countess Gabriele Komarauskaitei-Krasickienei / Gabriela KOMOROWSKA - KRASICKA.
The owner of the Gargždai estate from 1875 to 1895 was Baron Eugenijus Rönne, and then his widow Gabriele until 1912, that is
Felix II Baron Rönne (b. ca. 1797), and his son Eugene Baron Rönne (1830 - 1895), then to Eugene's wife Gabriela Princess Oginska, and Eugene's sister, Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne - Mielzynska of Krotoszyn.
They come from
Karl (Carl) Ewald Baron von Rönne (1663 - 1716); and his son Carl Johann Ernst Baron von Rönne b. 1700; to grandson
Carl Philipp von Rönne b. 1721 - he had big family with many children [copyright by Matthias Andreas Gredler]:
Carl Wilhelm; Anna Benigna Bsse von Rönne; Catharina Elisabeth; Gustav Philipp; Jakobine Benigna von Behr; Otto Hermann; Dorothea Christiana von Derschau; Christopher Carl; Johann Gotthard; Friedrich; Maria Elisabeth; August Bar. von Rönne; Anna Louise Caroline von Rosenberg; Ewald Heinrich; Christian Bar. von Rönne; Philippine von Roenne; Reinhold Benjamin, and Juliane Charlotte - inf. at geni.com in 2015.

Family von Roenne in Lithuania and Poland, acc. to the book "Rernavas" and A. Niewiadomski:
Stefan Karl Baron Rönne, in 1752 owned the manor of Gielgudyszki Wysolde / Gelgaudiskis by the river Memel, sold to his son-in-law Franciszek Pilsudski (1713-1791), head of administration of Wieszwiagny.
Ca 1645 Ernst von Rönne lived and died in 1699 in Smolensk, was married ca 1670 to HELENA BILLEWICZ / Elena Bilevicikute, born 1650 with sons:
1. Krzysztof / Christoph b. ca 1673, d. 1723, Major General;
2. Theodor born ca 1675;
3. Stefan Karl b. ca 1678, died in 1753, in 1714 Polish Colonel and owner of the Manor of Kupiszki in the Rosienie / Rossienie caunty, head of the administration of Telsze and Uwenty.
His son Nikolai build in 1786 a Catholic Church in Renavas. He is the 1st owner of Renavas / Rennow.
Above Stefan was married 2 times: 1st to Rosa Siukstaite [Roza daughter of Jozef ?], 2nd to Anna Ivanovic [Anna daughter of Jan], with children:
1. Johanna von Ronne b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski;
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married: 1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute, 2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija {Mikalojus Rene / Nicolaus Ronne / Nikolaus von Rönne / Mikolaj von Rönne b. ca 1720 / 1740 + Aniela Pilsudska b. 1750}.
Children of the 2nd wedding:
Felix b. ca 1770 [??] and
Maria b. ca 1750;
above Felix I Baron Rönne, Lieutenant Colonel, owner of Manor in Swiatoszyn by the Memel River in Lithuania and of Renavas / Renowo, in 1781 - Major of the Polish King court and 1792 was the Polish Chamberlain, awarded in [before ?] 1799 with the title of Baron from Polish King. His wife Antonina Gielgud [see below], was daughter of Castellan of Samoigiten, Antoni and Barbara Judycka, with 5 children named the baron-title:
1. Anton / Antanas, b. ca 1795 - 1869, owner of Ranavas;
2. Felix II / Feliksas, born ca 1797 - 1857, owner of Gargsdai / Gargždai;
3. Maria (Marija) 1804 - 1897 m. TADEUSZ OGINSKI / Tadeus Ogingskis;
4. Ludowika (Liudvika) b. ca 1805, unmarried;
5. Theodora (Teodora) b. ca 1807, married to KSAWERY OGINSKI.

Above Anton Baron Rönne b. ca 1795, was son of [Feliksas Rene b. ca 1770 [?] + Antonina Gielgud] Felix Baron Rönne and Antonina Gielgud / Antonia Gelgaudaite in 1869 was owner of Renava / Renowo in the Zemaitija county, married 2 times: 1st to PRZECISLEWSKA / Psecislevska, 2nd m. Olympia Gorski.
His children: 1. Pelagia (1818 - ?);
2. Olimpia (1829-1861), married FELIKS OGINSKI / Felix Prince Oginskis (1830-1880), son of Ksawery Oginski.

Renavas / Renowo, Rennow, owned by above named Maria Baroness Rönne, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite; Maria b. 1804, d. 1897 m. 1st to Michal BOREWICZ / Michael Prince Borevicius, Judge, d. 1814 with children:
Nikolaus,
Ludvikia,
Teodora m. 2nd to Tadeus Prince Oginski (1798-1844) with children: Nastasia, Gabriela, Angela.

Above Theodora Baroness Rönne, b. ca 1807, married Ksaveras Prince Oginski. Their son was Feliksas Prince Oginski 1830-1880 married with Olimpija Baroness Rönne, Anton's daughter.

Above Feliks Filip von Rönne b. ca 1800 or Felix II Baron Rönne, b. ca 1797, son of Felix Baron Rönne and Antonia Gelgaudaite, owner of Gargsdai; married Franciszka ZALUSKA / Franziska Countess Zaluskyte, 2nd m. to Princess Ruboviska / Rubowicka; children from the 1st wife:
Eugene Carl Anton Theophil b. 1830 in Gargsdai / Gargzdu, nearby Klaipeda [died 1895 in Berlin, married Gabriela Princess Oginska (1830-1912), he was Polish poet !];
Aniela / Aniele Amalia Baroness Rönne / Aniele (Anele Elena Amelija) b. 1832 m. Count Melzinski / MIELZYNSKI, the last heir of Renavas, daughter of Felix Baron Rönne, she lived 1832-1911, married in 1868 to Stanislaw Count Mielzynski. Their son
Felix Count Melzinski was the heir of manor Renavas.
Renavas - 50 km east-north-north of PLUNGE.

Important note:
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński and Aniela Helena born von Rönne. Stanisław was born in 1840, in Baszków; Aniela was born in 1832, in Gorżdy, Lithuania now.
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, was son of Stanisław Kostka Mielżyński 2nd, b. 1840, who come from Mikołaj Gorgoni Mielżyński 1780 - 1842, who was the branch of Andrzej Mielżyński 1698 - 1771. Above Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski born in Goscieszyn, 1698 - d. Pawlowice, 1771, and he married in 1734 to Anna-Petronella / Anna Petronela BNINSKA [c. 1720 - Glogów, 1770], with son Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski b. 1737 + Konstancja Czapska.
Feliks Marian Mielżyński, 1871 - 1910, had one sister Anna Maria von Wolmar Komorowska born Mielżyńska.
Above ANIELA von Ronne Mielzynska was half sister of Kazimierz Anastazy Karol Lubomirski [+ Zenaida Holynski daughter of Michal Holynski of the Mscislau province {see Konstantynowicz and Soino}] and Władysław Lubomirski.


Polish conspirators 1793 / 1819 / 1821 / 1833:

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk and here he was buried.

The son of
Rafal Alojzy Oskierka 1708-1767 and Stanislawa Teresa OGINSKA.

Stanislawa Teresa Oskierka Oginska, 1724 - 1744, the daughter of Martian Michal Oginsky, b. 1672 in Witebsk.
Named Marcjan (Marcin) Michal Oginski 1672 - 1750, the Witebsk governor in 1730, Vitebsk castellan 1703-1730, marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 1712, 1718, 1723, prince.
Son of Szymon Karol Oginski and Teodora.
Husband of Tekla Ana / Anna Larska; Teresa Tyzenhauz; Teresa Oginska; and Krystyna Oginska.
Father of Stanislawa Teresa OSKIERKA / Oskierko

[with a daughter Marianna Straszewicz b. ca 1740.
Mother of Teresa; Aleksandra; and Alojzy Rokicki b. 1760;
and grandson Michal ROKICKI b. 1790 + KORNELA PROZOR;
great-grandson Ludwik Rokicki b. 1820/1830.
Maybe from ALOJZY was a daughter TEKLA ROKICKA married PROZOR, died 1860 with the son Mieczyslaw PROZOR b. 1830 + Zofia Oskierka 1830-1878,
and with granddaughter Stanislawa Prozor b. 1862, m. Jan Olizar-Wolczkiewicz 1855-1913.
The mother of named JAN OLIZAR WOLCZKIEWICZ was Wiktoria Modzelewska 1828-1903 born Szymanowska!];

Marianna;
Barbara Pac;
Ignacy Oginski Duke; Stanislaw Jerzy Oginski.
Brother of Boguslaw Kazimierz Oginski; Krystyna Tyszkiewicz; Eleonora Oginska and JERZY Oginski.
Half brother of Zofia Oginska and Aleksander Oginski.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka / Ivan Oskirka, statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
He was the son of Rafal Aloizy.
Together with his brother Antoni Joachim Oskierka studied in Warsaw. Participated in the seven-year war of 1756-1763.
In 1764 he took Czartoryski's side and of King Stanislaw Poniatowski. He was the confederary Mozyr judge; was a deputy from the Mozyr County. In 1781, he was elected to the Tribunal of Lithuania. In August 1784, he was invited by Karol Radziwil to Nesvizh in connection with the King's visit planned there.
In August 1786, he signed a petition to the king asking for the border regiment. In 1788, together with Konstantin JELENSKI, he was a deputy to the Polish-Lithuanian Parliament from the Mozyr County.
In 1790, he gave up his son Rafal Oskierka to the top post in Lithuania.
The Constitution of May 3, 1791 greeted with his great enthusiasm. He was the richest owner in Lithuania, heir to a huge fortune (7 million zl). He owned Narovlei / NAROWLA (in the HOMEL county and close to KONOTOP - with the villages of Antonovo, Mukhoyedy, Ugly, Golovchitsy), Karpovichi in the Mozyr County; Barbarovo and Konotopy in Rechytsky / RZECZYCA COUNTY.
In early August 1793, together with his son Rafal Michal Oskierka

[born after 1761 - d. 1818; official in MOZYRZ, in 1791 served at the Royal Court, CONSPIRATOR in 1793 ! He married to Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790, the daughter of ANTONI OSKIERKA b. ca 1740. RAFAL's son - Jan Oskierka b. 1819 + Julia Oskierka the daughter of Pawel Oskierka official in RZECZYCA and granddaughter of Leopold Oskierka],

took part in the conspirative congress of the nobility in the estate of Karol Prozor in Khoyniki, whose goal was to prepare an armed attack against the Russian Army and for the revival of the Constitution on May 3, 1791.

Karol Prozor and Captain Hamilcar Kasinsky / KOSINSKI left the Khoyniki on April 20, 1794 in JUREWICZE / Yurovichi.
However, Jan Mikolaj Oskerko, through his envoy, warned that Russian soldiers were waiting for them in Jurewicze.
Thus he saved friends, but he himself was arrested on the first day of Easter in 1794.
After the Smolensk investigation, by decree of Catherine II of June 20, 1795, ranked among the first category of convicts; Oskerka was exiled to "the most remote Siberian cities." His property was confiscated and was distributed to Russian nobles, in particular, in 1793 his estate Barbarovo was transferred to the real secret adviser Sivers.
From Irkutsk, Oskerka was moved to Zhigansk in the Yakutsk region of Irkutsk province, where he brought 122 silver rubles.
Released under the amnesty of Paul I in 1796 but he was died of apoplexy in Tobolsk in 1796, where he was buried with honors by the son Dominik Oskierka, accompanying his father on his way back to his homeland.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk had 3 children:

1.
Rafal Michal Oskierka 1761-1818 + Maria Oskierka

[with 1. Jan Oskierka b. 1820 + Julia Oskierka;
2. Emilia Oskierka + Hubert Artemiusz Swiatopelk;
3. Teresa Oskierka + Romuald Jelenski];
2.
Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka

[with 1. Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790 + Jan Gizycki and
2. Kajetan Oskierka b. 1821 + Pss Stefania Julia Radziwill - the owner of MIEZONKA !];
3.
Aniela Oskierka 1770-1804 + Ignacy Kajetan Prozor

[with 1. Kornela Prozor 1800-1835 + Michal Rokicki
2. Henryk Prozor b. ca 1800;
3. Maurycy Prozor h. wl. 1801-1886
+ Anna Chlopicka - see more details at my domain !].

After the death of Oskierka, the Russians to return only a small part of the property (Konotopy). The memory of the loss of the huge estates of Oskerka was preserved in the Belarusian proverb: "It disappeared, like Oskierka assets. [above inf. under copyright by the Russian Wikipedia]"


Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) married Katarzyna MYCIELSKA GORZYCKA MIELZYNSKA

MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki.
MACIEJ's children:
1. Elzbieta, m. Franciszek Wessel, official in Zakroczym;
2.
Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{

[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770]

- see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:

Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798]. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Her father Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn Bardzki of Wrzesnia, died in 1793, and Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770
{in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ},
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

3. Marianna Krystyna;

4. and son Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski b. 1670, d. in Pawlowice in 1721, in 1693 official in KCYNIA; 1717 governor of Przemet.


Maciej married in 1667 to Elzbieta Baranowska - she died in 1682.
Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI married in 1682 to Anna Goszycka / Gorzycka - she died in 1733, the daughter of Andrzej Goszycki / GORZYCKI and KATARZYNA MYCIELSKA, d. 1712.

MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska Gorzycka, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki or Andrzej Gorzycki.

Krzysztof had the son Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski, 1698-1771; born in 1698 - Goscieszyn close to - Wolsztyn (Wollstein); 9 km south-east to WOLSZTYN, 8 km north-east to WRONIAWY; north-west to PRZEMET; 18 km north-west to WILKOWO POLSKIE of Kiedrzyski-Zamoyski family. See Pradzynski-Kiedrzynski line. Compare Wola Wiazowa.
Andrzej Mielzynski d. 1771 in Pawlowice. Married in 1734 to Anna Petronella Bninska, b. before 1720 in GLOGOW - d. 1770, the daughter of Stanislaw Bninski + JOANNA Krzycka.
Andrzej's son -
Maksymilian Antoni Mielzynski, 1738-1799, born in Laszczyn - Cieladz [close to RAWA MAZOWIECKA]; d. in Pawlowice. Married in 1771 in Mierzeszyn (Meisterswalde) close to Trabki Wielkie, the Gdansk Pomeranie, to Konstancja Czapska, 1749-1813.
Her daughter:
Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia Mielzynski, b. in 1775 in Rabin (Rombin), close to Koscian; d. 1817 in the Chobienice - Siedlec estate near Wolsztyn, and the PRUSSIAN border. Married in 1793 in Pawlowice (Pawlowitz) to Prokop Rufin Jozef Mielzynski, 1763-1800, the son of Hipolit Maciej Jozef Mielzynski 1733-1797 + Seweryna Lipska d. 1801,
with daughter
Gabriela Maria Konstancja Józefa Mielzynski POTULICKA OGINSKA, b. 1798 in Kotowo - Granowo, close to Grodzisk Wielkopolski and south-west to Poznan; d. 1822 in Nice, France.

Olga Kalinowska born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus, in 1844, and her son Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with a princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki
[compare above mentioned MIELZYNSKI of PAWLOWICE and the WOLSZTYN district].


Let us remember, however, that in 1819 Gabryel Kiedrzynski made a testamentary record in the event of his possible death
[if he belonged to LECHICI ? - an organization formed in 1819]
and in January 1833 he changed his name
[compare Wola Wiazowa - Kreski, Bleszynski, Arcichowski, Psarski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski {+ Trubecki, Konstantynowicz - Estonia, Orsha, Cracow, St Petersburg}, Oginski {+ Soltan, Piottuch-Kublicki, Konstantynowicz (+ Armand and Japaridze - Oldenburg - Saparov) and Szumski (see: Baron Bouvier)}].

After all, we have 5 brothers,

1. Floryan Kiedrzynski + Barbara Mikolajewska, with son Leon Kiedrzynski - inf. 1837;

2. Franciszek Kiedrzynski with the son Adam Kiedrzynski, and the grandson Adam Klemens Kiedrzynski - inf. 1848 in the Congress Poland.

3. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski
[born 1738, and lived near ERAZM MYCIELSKI and TEODOR BILLEWICZ + Kozuchowski - read about the village of KARSY. Teodor Billewicz - Chamberlain of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski from 1765; the member of the Bar Confederation of the Duchy of Samogitia.
Andrzej Bardzki Colonel, 1730-1819 was the friend of ERAZM MYCIELSKI.
Jakuba's family has family ties with Pradzynski, Madalinski, Psarski - and then Pradzynski and Uminski combines family ties with Kiedrzynski in the Kujawy, and also to MIEROSLAWSKI. Jakob Kiedrzynski of Kalisz, had the son Józef Kiedrzynski, living in the Congress Poland - inf. 1837],
4.
Izydor Kiedrzynski
[maybe as Izydor Jan Kiedrzynski + Helena, after about 1776 staying in JEDLNO; his family joins family ties with Bleszynski],
5.
and Kasper Kiedrzynski
[his son owned Bedziechow / Bedziechowo - then the estate owns SOKOLOWSKI from Brzesc Kujawski {there are Uminski, Madalinski, Mielzynski families}. Kacper Kiedrzynski + Maryanna Arcichowska, with the sons: Andrzej Kiedrzynski the owner of Zydowo, and Walenty Kiedrzynski the owner of BEDZIECHOWO in the Kalisz governorate].


The Permanent Council - the highest authority of administration of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, established in 1775:

The Permanent Council consisted of a king (with 2 voices), 18 senators and 18 representatives of nobles (deputies); divided into 5 departments (foreign interests, army, police, treasury and justice). The Permanent Council managed the administration, prepared a parliamentary acts, controlled the law and gave its interpretation; to limit the king's power and resist reforms. The Council was liquidated in 1789 by the Four-Year Parliament - reactivated in 1793 by the Grodno Parliament.

A counselors of the Permanent Council in 1775/1776 - 1788/1789 and 1793-1795:
1.
Anastazy Walewski,

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1740 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz SENIOR - was the husband of above Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauziene. Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.
Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz.
Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of
Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz
and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI;

ATANAZY was the ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano

[above Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1733, d. 1815 or 1814, and a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. She 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father];

father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski; brother of Teodora Walewska.

Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.

Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Józef Pulaski; she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero, the Polish conspirator.
2.
Ksawery Walewski,

Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda; m. 1759-64, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska.

In 1781 named above owner of Wola Wiazowa, Franciszek Walewski / Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, an official in Ostrzeszow in 1765, 1772, 1775, 1778 - 1796,
m. in 1784, in the Kobyla Góra parish, in MYSLNIEW, 4 km to Silesia, to Konstancja Psarska b. before 1770, daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski 1730-1805 and his wife Ksawera Franciszka Bardzinska, 1753-1814.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, was married three times: TERESA NIEMOJOWSKA-PSARSKA, b. ca 1730 - a marriage in 1760; unknown - marriage ca 1778 [or to Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda, marriage in 1759-64]; and in 1779 or in 1784, in Myslniew, west to Ostrzeszow, to Konstancja Psarska a daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, was the son of Franciszek Walewski with his 3rd wife [a marriage in STRONSKO]. Franciszek senior was born ca 1675 / 1690 / 1710 - died in 1745 in Rusiec; Franciszek's the 3rd wife was Teodora Walewska.

PSARSKI ALEKSANDER MAREK died ca 1726, m. Marianna
with:
A. MIKOLAJ Psarski died 1762 (branch of Tomasz Psarski married Kiedrzynska) m. Teresa Skrzynska [see below];

B. FRANCISZEK KSAWERY 1691 - 1772, owner of Cieszanowice, Poradzew, Gawlowice, part of Biala, Unikow, Myslniew, Szklarka and m. Teresa Silnicka / Sielnicka in 1726. Teresa Sielnicka b. 1700.

Above FRANCISZEK KSAWERY Psarski b. 1691, had children:
1. Marianna b. ca 1740, m. Jan Nepomucen Kosma Damian Adam Olszowski b. 1733 in Baranow;
2. Wojciech Stefan Psarski owner of Szklarka, m. Marianna / Magdalena Walewska;
3. Jadwiga 1740-1808 m. Ludwik Bylina, son of Anna nee Madalinski;
4. Jan Kanty Psarski owner of Wielgie and DYMKI, m. Teodora / Honorata Pstrokonska b. 1730,
with a. Tomasz m. Jablkowska;
b. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 m. Jakub Madalinski 1775-1833;
5. Jakub Fryderyk PSARSKI, born ca 1730, d. 1805, owner of Myslniew close to Ostrzeszow;
6. Konstancja Psarska m. in 1784, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski d. ca 1805, owner of Wola Wiazowa !!! - son of Franciszek.

Above TOMASZ Psarski (born - ? - ca 1730-1807), was son of above named Mikolaj Psarski owner of Zielonczyn and Teresa Skrzynska, in 1786 owner of Wola Dzierlinska.
Tomasz married to Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski, she was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski;
Tomasz Psarski was 2nd voto Franciszka Rupniewska died 1826.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.
Tomasz Psarski had daughter Marianna Psarski owner of Wola Dzierlinska, m. Mikolaj Sulimierski son of Michal Sulimierski and Jadwiga Jaroszewska.
3.
Romuald Walewski,

Mentioned Romuald Walewski b. ca 1738, died on June 14, 1812, was Major General, Adjutant General of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the King of Poland, a captain of cavalry in 1789, Crown Court judge, six-time Member of Parliament. In Cracow from 1773 to 1775 joined the confederation Adam Poninski; member of Parliament in 1778 of the Cracow province; member of Parliament in 1786; member of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Military Commission in 1788; in 1792 he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, in 1781 received the Order of St. Stanislaus.
Romuald Walewski, 1738 - 1812, m. 1st to Zuzanna Polchowska b. ca 1730 with:
Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846, and
Magdalena Helena Walewska b. 1762 (Helena Walewska married probably IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI of Jedlno - Wola Wiazowa) in Stradom, Cracow;
Romuald m. 2nd Teresa Dunin-Karwicka b. ca 1760.
4.
Hieronim Wielopolski,
5.
Jozef Wilczewski,
6.
Antoni Wollowicz,

Mentioned above Antoni Wollowicz {Count in 1798 of Prussia}, 1750-1822 was son of Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz; husband of Józefata Piasecka and Teofila Matuszewicz;
father of Joachim Józef Wollowicz and Eustachy Wollowicz; brother of Michal; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera, and Katarzyna.

Above Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz] and Barbara Adamkowicz.

The WOLLOWICZ clan:

Teresa RONIKIER, 1845-1900 [the sister of ROMAN RONIKIER] m. Michal Wollowicz 1812-1882: he was the grandson of Count Antoni Wollowicz, 1750-1822 + Teofila Matuszewicz.
Antoni Wollowicz, Count in 1798 of Prussia, 1750-1822 was son of
Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz [see below on SWIACK];
husband of Józefata Piasecka and Teofila Matuszewicz;
father of Joachim Józef Wollowicz and Eustachy Wollowicz;
brother of Michal Wollowicz; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera, and Katarzyna.

Above Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz / Krzysztof Kazimierz Wollowicz b. ca 1670 / 1675] and Barbara Adamkowicz.

Now about Wollowicz in the Grodno district:

Swiack - in the Hrodna / Grodno district, ex-Augustow county; close to Wollowiczowce; in the 18th - 19th centuries in the Troki province - belonged to the Wollowiczs; a palace built the Grodno marshal - Józef Wollowicz (d. 1779)

{Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and married Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz. Above Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz] and Barbara Adamkowicz}.

The palace finished his son Antoni Wollowicz, the official in Merecz, senator in the Congress Poland; Antoni Wollowicz d. 1822, and the estate took
his oldest son Joachim Józef Wollowicz (1783-1842) married Css Maria Starzenska.
Then all SWIACK belonged to Michal Wollowicz (1812-1882), m. Teresa Ronikier.
Michal's daughter Jadwiga Maria Wollowicz married Count Józef Miaczynski - they were owners of SWIACK.
Above JOZEF WOLLOWICZ:
Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779; m. Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz. Son of Jerzy Wollowicz and Barbara Adamkowicz - see above. Husband of Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz. Father of Antoni Wollowicz; Michal Wollowicz; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera Wollowicz. Half brother of Joanna Alexandra Wollowicz.

We back to the OGINSKIS:

Witold Zygmunt Joachim Wollowicz 1825-1875, married to Amelia Oginska [with son OLGIERD / Olgierd Michal Wollowicz 1869-1900], daughter of
Tadeusz Antoni Oginski b. 1798, d. 1844, and Marianna Tekla von Rönne (Borewicz, Oginska).

Amelia Oginska Wollowicz was granddaughter of Michal Kleofas Oginski 1765-1833
[Kleofas was father of Franciszek Ksawery Oginski; above Tadeusz Antoni
{Tadeusz was father of above Gabriele Marija Rene; Natalia Gawronska and named above Amelia Wollowicz / Amelija Wollowicz};
Amelia Zaluska; Ireneusz; Emma Wysocka; and Ida]
and Felix von Rönne 1770-1827.

Witold Wollowicz was grandson of
Antoni Wollowicz Count, [in 1798 of Prussia] 1750-1822 and
Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian Breza 1752-1847,
Teofila Matuszewicz, and
Antonina Maria Radolinska 1771-1845.

Above Antonina Maria Radolinska 1771-1845 was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa, 1680-1740 and Leon Raczynski 1698- 1755, and Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska 1718-1797.

Above Wirydianna BNINSKA was daughter of Wojciech Bninski 1710-1755.
7.
Maksymilian Woroniecki,

married in Kojdanow in 1762 to ANGELIKA or Aniela Miaczynska b. 1731 ? - d. 1790; her 2nd husband, with a daughter Konstancja Woroniecka b. 1744.
Her 1st marriage to Hieronim Florian Radziwill, 1715-1760. She was married also to Hieronim Hadziewicz.

Angelika Woroniecki (born Miaczynska) was born in 1731, to Piotr Miaczynski and Antonina Rzewuska; Angelika had brother Adam Miaczynski. Angelika married Maksymilian Woroniecki. Angelika married Hieronim Radziwill in 1755.

Note:
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg. After the owner's death in 1878, his sons managed the property; to 1887 by Stanislaw Kronenberg, then until 1937 by Leopold Julian Kronenberg.
WIENIEC - in the first half of the nineteenth century the owners were Dambski and Miaczynski (Stanislaw Miaczynski was adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski). Then to above Leopold Kronenberg (1812-1878), a Warsaw banker, investor, one of the richest men in ex-Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century.

Named above Stanislaw Adam Miaczynski 1780-1845, was the son of Kajetan MIACZYNSKI;
Stanislaw's grandparents:
Antoni Miaczynski 1691-1774 [next of kin to Józef Mikolaj Radziwill of Nieswiez, 1784-1788, the Minsk governor (1773-1784), 1736- 1813] and
Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 - see Zbigniew Brzezinski.

Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785
- the daughter of MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI 1680 - 1748 [died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila], and Teresa Rydzynska.
Granddaughter of WLADYSLAW Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719 [and DOROTA],
who was the son of WALERIAN, and
grandson of Duke MICHAL and Konstancja Stempkowski;
they come from NASTAZJA and Mateusz Maciej Woroniecki b. ca 1570 ?.

Above Antoni MIACZYNSKI come from Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski (1639 - 1723), the treasurer of the Crown court, the province governor of Volyn and colonel, was friend of Jan III Sobieski.
His children:
Piotr Michal Miaczynski, Antoni Miaczynski, Kazimierz Miaczynski, Katarzyna Ossolinska; Elzbieta Miaczynska - Sierakowska, Józef Miaczynski.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski, next the property to the Kronenbergs [with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo]. 1873 - new palace; Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and Brzezie taken his children: Stanislaw Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887), then Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937); 1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg; the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg.

Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski -
Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski b. 1639 - d. 1723 in Zawieprzyce in the Lublin prov.;
the Volhynia governor in 1713. The son of Piotr Miaczynski SENIOR, and Regina Cieklinska.
ATANAZY's children:
1. above Antoni Miaczynski (1691-1774), MP, the Podlasie governor; m. Pss Dorota Woroniecka,
with sons
Józef Miaczynski (1743-1793) the French General; and
Aleksander Kajetan Miaczynski (1751-1801) - General inspector.

2. below - Piotr Michal Miaczynski (1695-1776), junior, the Chelm governor in 1724, the Czernihow governor in 1737. Married Antonina Anna Beydo-Rzewuska.

3. Kazimierz Miaczynski - Colonel;

4. Katarzyna Miaczynska (d. 1729) + Franciszek Maksymilian Ossolinski;

5. Elzbieta Miaczynska (d. 1737) m. Józef Sierakowski;

6. Józef Miaczynski (d. ca 1723), in Warsaw.

ANIELA MIACZYNSKA married (1) Hieronim Florian Radziwill on January 1, 1755 and (2) Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki on April 13, 1762 in Kojdanów.
The daughter of Piotr Michal Miaczynski 1695 - 1776, the granddaughter of Atanazy Miaczynski + Helena Luszkowski.
Antonina Rzewuska + Piotr Miaczynski had children:
Adam; Józef; Aniela; Petronela; Anna Konstancja:
Adam Miaczynski - the Maciejow estate owner; official in Ostrzeszow and in Krzepice; General major;
Józef Miaczynski - the owner of Zawieprzyce, official in Leczyca; General major.
Petronela Miaczynska + Onufry Splawski.

Above Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki d. 1797, an advisor, counselor, member of the executive of the Confederation in 1776. Maybe Maksymilian Woroniecki was the owner of Swieczna, ca 1770.
Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki of ZBARAZ, Duke, acted with official FELIKS SOLTYK; Mp in 1773-1775; born ca 1710/1720; married Aniela Miaczynska the daughter of Piotr b. 1695; granddaughter of ATANAZY b. 1639; great-granddaughter of Piotr Miaczynski and REGINA CIESLINSKA.
Hieronim Florian Radziwill was married: Teresa Sapieha on September 9, 1740;
Magdalena Czapska in October 1745 in Warsaw;
and Aniela Miaczynska on January 1, 1755.

See: Antoni Piotr Woroniecki b. ca 1760 - d. 1835, the son Bazyli Woroniecki and Helena.
Above BAZYLI: 1745 - 1782, the son of Franciszek Michal Woroniecki and Joanna.
Mentioned Franciszek Michal Woroniecki b. 1714, the son of Wladyslaw Woroniecki and Dorota;
see above on the Miaczynski - Woroniecki branch.
Acc. to my search: Wladyslaw Woroniecki born ca 1650, had the sons:
1.
Mikolaj Wojciech Woroniecki, Duke [MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI b. 1680 - died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila + and Teresa Rydzynska]. Mikolaj Wojciech Woroniecki - the estate: Dziembowo 6 km south-west to KACZORY; and named Kaczory, at half way from PILA to CHODZIEZ - see Kiedrzynski - Arcichowski branch in MARGONIN!
2.
Jan Woroniecki, Duke, and
3.
above Franciszek Mikolaj Woroniecki, b. 1700/1714;
4.
probably Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki b. ca 1710/1720, Duke.
5.
and ? Wojciech Woroniecki b. ca 1710 with a son ANDRZEJ Woroniecki - b. 1750 in LWOW, d. 1819; and the grandson KALIKST b. 1795.

Named above Wladyslaw Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719, the son of Walerian Woroniecki [Walerian he had brothers STANISLAW and MARCIN], Duke, and Zofia. Husband of Dorota Woroniecka older
[Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, younger, 1712-1785 - the daughter of MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI 1680 - 1748 [d. on November 1, 1748 Dziembowo, Kaczory / Pila, Wielkopolskie], and Teresa Rydzynska. Granddaughter of WLADYSLAW Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719 [and DOROTA older], the son of WALERIAN, and grandson of Duke MICHAL and Konstancja Stempkowski; they come from NASTAZJA and Mateusz Maciej Woroniecki b. ca 1570].

Franciszek Michal Woroniecki b. ca 1700/1714
had a daughter Konstancja Szydlowska b. 1744 in Babruysk / BOBRUJSK, the Mogilev Province, Belarus, d. 1816, m. Szymon Kazimierz Szydlowski.

Note to CHODZIEZ:

Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka.
Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].
JAKUB'S brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski and IZYDOR Kiedrzynski!

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771. Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son Anastazy, and daughters:
Marianna in 1779 m. to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !];
Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski;
Michalina;
Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.

Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784, with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821,
and with daughter Monika, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.
Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 November 1806 was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize 3rd infantry regiment in the division of the General Jan Henryk Dabrowski. The commanders of the other regiments in the division were also Prince Anthony Sulkowski from Rydzyna (1 Regiment), Lacki (2 regiment) and Poninski (4 Regiment). With Mielzynski co-operated the commander of the battalion Major Stanislaw Fisher / Fiszer (then the Army Chief of General Staff). On January 3, 1807 created division of gen. J. H. Dabrowski, with the 3rd Infantry Regiment, of Colonel Stanislav Mielzynski stationed in Pawlowice. Other regiments in Leszno, Zduny and Rawicz (see Sulkowski).
General Mielzynski was appointed commander of the infantry brigade in the 16th infantry division of General Zajaczek. With him commanders of the brigades in the division were: General Franciszek Paszkowski (II infantry brigade) and General Tyszkiewicz (cavalry brigade).
On September 8, 1815 Mielzynski was released from military service and began acted in secret societies, among others, in the Poznan branch of the National Freemasonry, the 'Association of Kosynier', he was a member of Freemasonry in the seventh degree and also belonged to several other Masonic lodges: "Knights of the Star", "The Brothers of the Union", was a master of the lodge "Humanity". Stanislaw Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in June 1826 and was buried here; left 17-year-old son Leo, who got Pawlowice and Kakolewo; Stanislaw; Elizabeth (1822 married Louis Mycielski, who in 1831 died) got Poniec; Filipina (wife of Ignatius Szczaniecki - Miedzychód, a colonel during the uprising of 1848) had Laszczyn, while youngest
Eleonora Laura (m. in 1834 to Karol Czarniecki of Volhynia, divorced, 2nd m. in 1850 to General Józef Napoleon Hutten- Czapski) taken Golancz.
Golancz is situated at northern Great Poland, close to Chodziez [see Kiedrzynski !].
The widow Prowidencja lived later in Poznan by 11 years. She died in Poznan, on October 11, 1837 and was buried in Pawlowice.
Golancz - 28 km east of Chodziez [Smogulec is north of Golancz]. See - Margonin - 14 km east of CHODZIEZ, and Chodziez close to ex- Prussian border - Arcichowski and Kiedrzynski. Margonin is situated 18 km west of named GOLANCZ !! Smogulec - north-east of Margonin.

An advisors, counselors, members of the executive of the Confederation in 1776:

Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski,
Ignacy Kurzeniecki,
August Fryderyk Moszynski,
Hieronim Janusz Sanguszko, and
Maksymilian Woroniecki.

Above Stanislaw Kostka Felicyan / Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski b. ca 1740 - died in 1812 in Witebsk, the Marshal of the Court since 1793, Marshal of the Parliament in 1793, the Garwolin clerk, son of Michal Bielinski of Chelmno and Tekla Peplowski; 1761 the Court top officer, 1765 chamberlain of the King, in 1776 Andrzej Mokronowski's party.
He married to unknown Golicyn / Golitsyn, died 1827, mother of Julia Stanislavovna Belinskaya and Victoria Stanislavovna Volkova; inf. by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.
Above Julia Junosza-Bielinska / Yulia Stanislavovna Belinskaya, 1804 - 1892 in Paris, wife of Peter Alexandrovich Sobakin
and Pawel Bobrzynski / Count Paul Bobrinsky;
mother of Alexei Bobrinsky; Julia Countess Bobrinskaya; Count Alexei Bobrinsky and Pavel Pavlovich Bobrinsky.
Above Pavel Pavlovich Bobrinsky 1829 - 1860, husband of Lyudmila Stepanovna / Kolpashnikov Ludmila,
father of Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski and Lyudmila Pavlovna Bobrinskaya.
Above Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski / Helena Bobrzynska / Elena Pavlovna Bobrinskaya, b. 1857 in Florence, died in?.
Wife 3rd time to Alfred Carl Nikolaus Alexander Eckbrecht von Dürckheim-Montmartin, 1st to Mikail Meyendorff von Uexküll and 2nd m. Arthur von Staden; inf. by Timo Antero Westerlund in 2015.
Above named Mikail Meyendorff von Uexküll b. 1861, son of Fredrik Adeldagus Felix Meyendorff and Olga; husband 2nd Nadiezda Kosakov / Nadesjda Kasakov, but 1st to Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski; he was brother of Alexander Felixovich Meyendorff.
Mentioned above Alexander Felixovich Meyendorff 1869 - 1964, was husband of Varvara Shervashidze 1859 - 1946 daughter of Hamud- Bey Chachba / Mikhail Georgievich Shervashidze Duke, 1806 in Abkhazia, Georgia - died 1866 - son of Safir Bey George Shervashidze and Tamara Katsievna.

8.
Franciszek Woyna,
and others.


The newspaper in Munich, 1827, on the Polish conspiratorial underground movement:

General Uminski, was trying to increase the number of members of the secret movement, he had established in Warsaw, meanwhile went to see former Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Oborski, whom he had been contacted by Dobrogoyski.
Aleksander Antoni Oborski, the son of Józef Oborski and Petronela Ossowski Oborska. Aleksander was born in 1778 / March 1779 in Warsaw, d. 1841 in Lublin.
In 1785 - 1792 he studied at the Knight's School; he participated in the war of 1792 and the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794; he joined the Polish Legions in 1798 in Italy; in 1801 he returned to Poland [compare Oginski and Nagorski]. In 1812, he served Duke Józef Poniatowski. For these campaigne he obtained the Order of Both Sicily awarded by MARSCHAL Murat [compare - General Franciszek Paszkowski]. 1815-1831: he took up painting and CONSPIRACY. On January 8, 1831, he was a commander of volunteers near Augustów.

Józef Oborski b. ca 1670, had son Baltazar Oborski, 1700-1768 + Teresa Szydlowska;
grandson - Józef Oborski, 1737-1797 + Petronela Ossowska ca 1750-1862; the great-granddaughter
Teresa Oborska, b. ca 1774-1862 + Marceli Marian Potocki, 1781-1851;
Teresa had a sons - Adam Potocki, 1804-1890 + Filipina Dittmayer von Rusfelden; Edmund Kajetan Potocki, b. 1805 + Anna Katarzyna Soltynska; and daughter Klementyna Potocka, 1811-1878 + Mateusz Miaczynski

{note:
Ignacy Miaczynski b. 1760, Count in 1803, the son of
Józef Bonawentura Miaczynski, b. 1731, Count, an official 1749, 1766, 1776, 1783, General major, the owner of Zawieprzyce. Józefa Ronikier Miaczynska b. 1758, the daughter of Józef Bonawentura Antoni Miaczynski and Katarzyna Miaczynska. Wife of Michal Aleksander Ronikier and mother of Kazimierz Józef Anastazy Ronikier, Count.
Jozef Bonawentura was the son of Piotr Michal Miaczynski 1691-1776; grandson of Atanazy Miaczynski 1639-1723.

In ca 1775, Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO, Borki and Jankowice close to Jedlno, and also of Kalinowa close to Zdunska Wola. But 6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg. After the owner's death in 1878, his sons managed the property; to 1887 by Stanislaw Kronenberg, then until 1937 by Leopold Julian Kronenberg. WIENIEC - in the first half of the nineteenth century the owners were Dambski and Miaczynski (Stanislaw Miaczynski was adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski). Then to above Leopold Kronenberg (1812-1878), a Warsaw banker, investor, one of the richest men in ex-Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Named above Stanislaw Adam Miaczynski 1780-1845, son of Kajetan;
Stanislaw's grandparents:
Antoni Miaczynski 1691-1774 [next of kin to Józef Mikolaj Radziwill of Nieswiez, 1784-1788, the Minsk governor (1773- 1784), 1736-1813] and Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 - see Zbigniew Brzezinski.
MIACZYNSKI come from Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski (1639 - 1723), the treasurer of the Crown court, the province governor of Volyn and colonel, was friend of Jan III Sobieski. His children: Piotr Michal Miaczynski, Antoni Miaczynski, Kazimierz Miaczynski, Katarzyna Ossolinska; Elzbieta Miaczynska - Sierakowska, Józef Miaczynski.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski, next the property to the Kronenbergs.

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski m. Aniela Stadnicka with
1. Ewa Lanckoronska (born Mecinska) born in 1789 / 1790, to Aniela Mecinska (born Stadnicka). Ewa married Antoni Lanckoronski, born in 1777 [see SZYMANOWSKI and BRZEZINSKI], with 6 children: Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Radolinska (born Lanckoronska), Julianna Nepomucena Fryderyka Rejswicz (born Lanckoronska) and 4 other children;
2. Magdalena Miaczynska (born Mecinska),
3. Anna Magdalena Teresa Miaczynska (born Mecinska),
4. Franciszka Bobrowska, Szafraniec - Bystrzanowska, born Mecinska in 1775, the daughter of Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski and Aniela Mecinska (born Stadnicka).
She m. Franciszek Ksawery Szafraniec - Bystrzanowski in 1809; Franciszek was born in 1767. Franciszka married Joachim Bobrowski in 1810, with one daughter: Aleksandra Klara Stadnicka (born Bobrowska).
5. Jan Nepomucen Mecinski.
6. Wojciech Mecinski, 1760 - 1839 in Cracow}.

IGNACY's son:
Mateusz Miaczynski (1799 - 1863) married mentioned above Klementyna Potocki.

Onufry Oborski, b. ca 1760, the LIW Marshal, + Marianna Golabek-Jezierska; had son Antoni Walenty Teodor Oborski, b. ca 1780 + Marcjanna Jawornicka;
grandson - Maksymilian Oborski, b. 1809 Proszew, close to Siedlce; a painter, and the insurgent in 1831; the owner of Staszów, Sieniawa, he was exiled 1863 in Siberia; and granddaughter - Maria Oborska, b. ca 1810 + Ignacy Kokoszka Michalowski, Baron.

The former Colonel Alexander Oborski was determined by Uminski, to take part in the underground movement.

Lord John Russel Brougham in 1831 gives the names of conspirators. The names of the individuals involved in the investigation are:

Adolph Cichowski,

Dobrogoyski,

Nikolaus Dobrzycki,
Jordan,
Bruno Kicinski,
Joseph Koszutki / Jozef Koszutski,
Kozakowski,
Lagowski,
Lukasinski,
Machnicki,
Theodor Morawski,
Alexander Oborski,
Pawlikowski,
Prondzynski / General Pradzynski,
Wierzbolowicz;
Szreder / Schroder.

General Jan Nepomucen Uminski co-operated with

Jozef Krzyzanowski, b. 1793, died in 1856

{In secret academic organizations ("Brotherhoods" and others), acted Majewski, Wolowski; and Henryk Mackrott, the freemason, the most distinguished secret police agent; Hieronim Szymanowski; Pazdzierska; Joel Birnbaum; Ludwik Grünberg and others. Mackrott' detailed wrote a reports from August 1819, to Duke Konstanty. He spied on the relationship of "Scythemen", where the deputy head of the Province of Poznan was named Józef Krzyzanowski from Pakoslaw, born 1793 [his wife Aniela Kolaczkowska], about which S. Askenazy wrote that "it was a man who was not very specific...".

We know about
Michal Krzyzanowski, b. 1734-died in 1810, Castellan of Miedzyrzecz, built a beautiful classical palace in Pakoslaw, which was started in 1791. In 1764-1791 to Ignacy Wyskoty-Zakrzewski, the President of Warsaw. From 1791, the Pakoslaw estate belonged to the Krzyzanowski family. The first of them was Michal Krzyzanowski, b. 1734, the founder of the palace, who bought Pakoslaw for 166 thousand thalers. Michal Krzyzanowski was the marshal of the Crown Tribunal.
In 1831 the son of named Michal b. 1734, ie. Józef Krzyzanowski, born 1793, sold Pakoslaw to Duke Acerenza-Pignatelli.
Michal's grandson:
Michal Józef Stanislaw Krzyzanowski b. 1828 in PAKOSLAW - d. 1903 in GORA close to SIERADZ.
Named Józef Filip Jakub Krzyzanowski 1793-1856
[Mikolaj Krzyzanowski was exiled to Tobolsk, and the enemy of Russia, was a Decembrist, died in Tobolsk - born ca 1795/1800. Compare - Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1790/1795. Come from LUKASZ ?]
was the son of Michal Krzyzanowski official in Miedzyrzecz, 1734/ca 1740-1810 + Alojza Anna Gajewska 1757/1760-1815;
and grandson of
Lukasz Krzyzanowski official in Poznan, 1700-1741.

ALOJZA GAJEWSKA was the daughter of
Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski 1714-1775 and Katarzyna Tworzyanska 1737-1798.
RAFAL GAJEWSKI the 1st maried
in 1747 to Józefa Mielzynska 1729-1752, the daughter of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski 1682-1738 + Krystyna Skalawska 1690-1762.
The 2nd before 1776, Katarzyna Tworzyanska
with the daughter
Alojza Anna Gajewska 1757-1815 + Michal Krzyzanowski
and grandson
Józef Filip Jakub Krzyzanowski 1793-1856, CONSPIRATOR;
and great-grandchildren:
Michal Józef Stanislaw Krzyzanowski 1828-1903; Maria Florentyna Józefa Krzyzanowska 1831-1916; Józefa Aniela Krzyzanowska 1834-1917.
ALOJZA had daughter
Melania Emilia Katarzyna Krzyzanowska 1795/1798-1849 + Wiktor Tomasz Antoni Szoldrski Count, 1775/1779 in ROGALIN - died in 1830 in Berlin; the owner of
Czacz, Przysieka Polska, Karszanice, Ksieginki,
Wilkowo POLSKIE - see KIEDRZYNSKA + PRADZYNSKI and WOLA WIAZOWA,
Siekowo, Siekówko, Kluczewo, Saczkowo, Borek, Ziemin, Czempin, Borówko, Piechanin, Tarnowo, Grzybno.

A mansion in Pakoslaw was commissioned by Emilia Sczaniecka; a parish school in Pakoslaw was established in 1840 - 41, whose initiator was Count Józef Krzyzanowski, heir to Pakoslav.

SEWERYN KRZYZANOWSKI:

Captain Franciszek Majewski, of which Askenazy writes ("Lukasinski", vol. II, 89), "was a dark person...", was authorized to set up a new lodge by the Edinburgh Chapter of TEMPLARS from which he became acquainted during his stay in England. The newly lodge worked hard until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdyczów.
Many of the Templars were at the same time members of the Patriotic Society. To their number belonged the Lieutenant-Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski.
SEWERYN KRZYZANOWSKI died on 4 July 1839 in Tobolsk or in northern village Iszym.
Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Ukraine. Maybe the brother of Mikolaj Krzyzanowski exiled to Tobolsk, and the enemy of Russia, was a Decembrist, died in Tobolsk - born ca 1800, and of Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1795.
Seweryn Krzyzanowski acted in underground National Patriotic Society, a secret organization founded and headed by Walerian Lukasinski, also an officer. From the autumn of 1822, that is, from the moment Lukasinski was arrested by the Russians (as a result of the trial he was detained until his death in 1868), Seweryn Krzyzanowski was actually the leader of the National Patriotic Society. He was a moderate activist, so together with prince Antoni Jablonowski he co-operated with Russian democrats from the South Union (Society) / decembrists. After the Decembrists' uprising in 1825, the Tsarist police attacked Polish conspirators, so Antoni Jablonowski, arrested in Kiev in February 1826, made extensive statements in which he revealed many names of Polish conspirators, including Seweryn Krzyzanowski. Seweryn Krzyzanowski and 127 other Polish independence activists stood in front of the court in 1827, but the case of Seweryn Krzyzanowski himself and seven of his closest collaborators were qualified as high treason.
Tsar Mikolaj I remembered, after the fall of the November Uprising in 1831, when his sentence was finished, and was given the personal command of Seweryn Krzyzanowski - he was arrested again and imprisoned.
The sentence was absolute: new exile to the Siberian forest.
Krzyzanowski settled in Berezowo in the basin of the Irtysh River; already after a few years of staying in Berezów he fell ill.

Trocki: Summer 1879, David Bronstein, with wife Anneta Zivotovski / Anna nee Zywotowska and children: Aleksandr b. 1870, and Elizavieta b. 1875, (David Bronstein was living the first close to Poltava) moved to Janovka in the Elisavietgrad county, Cherson government (now here is village Breslavka); the estate bought from wife of Janovski; Lejb Bronstein / Lev was born in 1879 October, in Janovka, and in 1883 Olga was born here. David Bronstein had bussiness in Cherson, Odessa and Nikolaiev / Nikolajev; 1910 or 1912 died Anneta Zivotovski. David Bronstein died in 1922.
Lejba / Lev studied in Odessa, in 1888 - 1895; moved to Nikolaiev / Nikolajev in 1895 or 1896; 1898 jailed in Odessa, and he was sent in Siberie; escaped in Summer of 1902: taken false surname from somebody of Odessa - Trocki, next to
Samara, to G. M. Kzyzanovsky / Gleb Krzyzanowski; then Trocki moved to Charkiv, Poltava and Kiev; and abroad to Viena, Zurich, Paris, in Oct. (?) 1902 to London, to the Lenin home, after a letter from Samara, from G. M. Kzyzanovsky / Gleb Krzyzanowski;
1905 - 1907 Petersburg; 1914-1916 West Europe; jailed in Spain 1916; 1916 / 1917 in USA; 1926 - 1927 fought with Stalin, 1928 Alma- Ata, 1929 Turkiye. His wife Aleksandra Sokolowska, m. in 1899 in Moscow. His brother Aleksandr was owner of factory in Bobrinca; Olga was living in Elisavietgrad. Brother of his mother: D. L. Zivotovski/ Zywotowski.

Krzyzanowski, Gleb Maksimilianovich / Gleb Maximilianowitsch Krschischanowski that is Gleb Krzyzanowski, b. 12 January or 24 Jan. 1872 in Samara, d. 31 March 1959 in Moscow; Krzhizhanovsky came from a noble family, the Soviet statesman,
his father Maximilian Nikolaevich Krzyzanowski / Maksymilian Krzyzanowski was of Polish origin, his mother was Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg / Elvira Rosenberg, a German;
he studied at the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology, from which he graduated in 1894 with success as an engineer; he was interested in revolutionary movements in 1891 at one of the first Marxist circles in the former Russian Empire; 1893, he temporarily was the leadership of the Marxist struggle for the liberation of the German working class in St. Petersburg, there in 1893 he met the young Vladimir Ulyanov Lenin; at that time had begun his revolutionary activities; December 1895, arrested and exiled to Eastern Siberia in February 1897; Krzhizhanovsky participated in all Russian revolutions since 1905; 1904 he was a member of the Central Committee of the RSDLP, which he compared with the Mensheviks left; 1902 he initiated in Samara, an office of the Social Democratic revolutionary newspaper Iskra; 1903 to 1905 he lived in Kiev, where he was employed at a railway station;
his wife from 1899 - Zinaida Nevzorov (1869 - 1948);
his mother Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg, from German,
his father Maximilian Nikolajewicz Krzyzanowski was living in Samara, born ca 1840/1850;
his grandfather Mikolaj Krzyzanowski was exiled to Tobolsk, and the enemy of Russia, was a Decembrist, died in Tobolsk - born ca 1800.
Compare - Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1795.

Now about Jan Krzyzanowski 1869 - died 1910 in Lódz; husband of Maria Andrusow; father of Olga Hersztanski and Anna Budryn.
Above Anna Budryn nee Krzyzanowska, wife of Dymitr Budryn, and mother of Wlodzimierz Budryn / Wlodzimier Budryn.
Above Jan Krzyzanowski was son of JAN, senior - Jan Krzyzanowski / Ivan, b. on May 8, 1834, died on September 3, 1889 in Warszawa, Poland; Colonel of the Ekaterinburskij Regiment, the Crimea War, Sevastopol 1853-1855.
Anna Krzyzanowska, daughter of Jan Krzyzanowski and Maria Andrusow; mother of Wlodzimierz Budryn.
And some on the Krzyzanowskis:

a. General-lieutenant Mikolaj Krzyzanowski junior, 1818 - 1888, wars on Caucasus, the Crimea War, the Warsaw war governor, the Orenburg general-governor;
b. his brother was Pawel Krzyzanowski b. 1831 - son of Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1795.
Nikolaj / Mikolaj, b. 1818, acted in Turiestan, Orenburg, Buchara / Bukhara.

Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira (see Ascher Ginsberg!), Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk; he was a poor invalid, both his feet are paralyzed, and he never quits his chamber; his company, M. Onufry Pietraszkiewicz, his nurse, a German.
Curiosity!
In March 1874 Nikolai Sudzilovsky came from St. Petersburg to Saratov. It is possible that a student has been selected Pokrovsk. He was born in Mogilev in 1850. Nicholas Sudzilovsky had relatives in Pokrovsk, the Novouzensk county, the Samara province. Father was once a wealthy nobleman; the origin of the surname associated with the name Sudzily: Sudzilovskaya village that is Fastow in the Mstislavsky district, Mogilev province. Nikolai Sudzilovsky moved in 1874 to London, 1875 in Geneve, 1876 Bulgaria, 1877 Romania, 1887 San Francisco, next Hawaii.
POKROVSK = Engels, at present; east suburb of SARATOW; see Hleb Krzyzanowski / Gleb Krzyzanovsky},

Maciej MIELZYNSKI

{Maciej Józef Franciszek Mielzynski b. 1799 in Winna Góra, d. 1870;
the Polish political and social activist, landowner in Winna Gora - see SCZANICKI.
He was the son of Józef and Franciszka Niemojowski. He studied at home under a tutor Jan Baptiste Motty, then in Berlin. In youth, he was imprisoned for participation in the "Kosynierzy Union"; he took part in the November Uprising under the command of Dezydery Chlapowski. He was in exile; on his return he was sent to the Prussian prison for nine months, and he received a very fine.

The son of
Józef Mielzynski 1765-1824 + Franciszka Niemojowska 1781-1863,
and grandson of

Maciej Mielzynski official in Radziejów, 1733-1793; Seweryna Lipska; Ignacy Niemojowski official in Wielun, 1750-1786;
Katarzyna Wierusz-Walknowska
[the daughter of Franciszek Wierusz-Walknowski b. ca 1710; the granddaughter of
Antoni + Urszula Mielzynska. Urszula - see Jakub Kiedrzynski !],
1750-1787;
and great-grandson of
Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski 1682-1738.

At margin: Brygida Sczaniecka [the daughter of Sylwester Sczaniecki], 1775-1859 married
Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski, 1780-1842, the son of
Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799 + Konstancja Hutten-Czapska 1749-1813,
and grandson of
Andrzej Mielzynski official in Kcynia, 1698-1771; Anna Petronela Bninska 1720-1771; Jakub Hutten-Czapski; Rozalia Ewa Hutten-Czapska 1715-1769;
and great-grandson of
Krzysztof Mielzynski 1670 - 1721, official in Kcynia 1693, and in Przemet in 1717 - 1719;
and great-great-grandson of
Maciej Mielzynski 1636 - 1697, official in Kcynia 1659 - 1660, in Srem 1683.

Named Maciej born in 1636, with 2nd wife had son named KRZYSZTOF Mielzynski, died in 1721; and
with 3rd wife had
1. Urszula Mielzynska (1689-1743) m. Antoni Walknowski - see the JAKUB KIEDRZYNSKI family - Pradzynski - Wola Wiazowa!,
and

Ludwig SCZANIECKI / Ludwik Sczaniecki

{Ludwik Pawel Sczaniecki b. 1789 in Boguszyn, d. 1854 in Paris, the November insurrection, landowner, conspirator; in 1807, he worked in the office of the director of internal affairs in Warsaw - Stanislaw Breza.
Stanislaw Breza / Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian Breza b. 1752, died 1847, MP in 1784, and in 1790.
Ludwik Sczaniecki was born 1789 in Boguszyn north-west to Jarocin [close to Nowe Miast by the Warta river; north-west to PLESZEW], his father Józef Sczaniecki (1756-1815) and mother Jadwiga Wygan Sczaniecka.
After 1815, he maintained constant with Dabrowski, and Sczaniecki visited him in Winna Gora until the death of the general in 1818; he was also the guardian of the children of Dabrowski.
In 1819, during his stay in Warsaw, he met Walerian Lukasinski, who introduced him to the National Freemasonry and ordered to develop organizational structures in the Grand Duchy of Poznan.
In 1820, Sczaniecki introduced Ignacy Pradzynski to the Poznan lodge; at the initiative of Pradzynski, the Poznan organization changed its name to the "Kosynierzy Union" / SCYTHEMEN; after the destruction of the Patriotic Society he could not appear for several years in the property of Konstancja's wife in the Kingdom of Poland.
Back to Poland in October 1830.

Józef Filip Nereusz Sczaniecki b. 1756 - Godurowo, d. 1815 - Miedzychod;
the son of Michal Sczaniecki 1702-1787}.


CONSPIRATORS in Poland under Russia:

Stanislaw Tyszkowski,

Ludwig Sobanski,

Marcin Tarnowski,
Feliks Ciszewski,
Antoni Czarkowski,

JAN CHODZKO

{Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); he died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, the Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia.
He was son of the writer Jan Chodzko and Klara Korsak;
the brother of Michal Chodzko and Józef Chodzko
[above Joseph Chodzko / Józef Boreyko Chodzko or Khodzko, born 1800 in Krzywicze, ex-the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, died in 1881 in Tiflis / Tbilisi, a General-topographer and Polish geographer. He stayed in Paris in 1843, where he met Adam Mickiewicz and his three brothers: Alexandre, Michel and Stanislas, and his cousin Leonard - all Polish nationalists].
ALEKSANDER CHODZKO, in 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom.
In 1847 he married in Lausanne to Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland;
she was the granddaughter of Mikolaj Michal Cichocki, son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).
Named above Michal Mikolaj Cichocki / Michael Nicholas Cichocki (b. 1770 in Warsaw, died 1828 in Warsaw), Brigadier General of the Duchy of Warsaw; graduated from the Corps of Cadets, the captain, took part in the 1792 war with Russia. He died suddenly. He was a member of the Masonic lodge 'Slavic Unity'.

Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 (see below), the son of Józef CHODZKO b. 1723, and Konstancyia Bujnicki, married to Clara Korsak - Jan was the President of the Civil Minsk Chamber, and the School Inspektor of the Province of Vilnius and Minsk; died in 1851, buried in Zaslaw.
Mentioned above Jan Borejko Chodzko born 1776 in Wilno was the Chairman of Minsk Supreme Court; Chairman of the University of Wilno; awarded the Order of St. Vladimir; chamberlain of the Wilno district. He prevented the Russians burning of MINSK, before evacuating of the town.
Considering Napoleon as the liberator of Poland, as a good patriot, he slept Russian vigilance and introduced the Marshal Davoust in stores of food and ammunition - Napoleon heard the news; after the retreat of the French, he had to flee Poland but he returned thanks to the amnesty of the Emperor Alexander.
He was the founder of two Masonic lodges, one in Vilnius and one in Minsk. He was the top member of a patriotic secret society before the uprising of 29 November 1830,
and he was arrested and taken to St. Petersburg where he met in prison his son Alexander who was also arrested, it was the last time that they saw themselves. Jan was sentenced to 5 years in prison and deported to Russia. His eldest son Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia. Jan could not return to his homeland but died in 1851 in Minsk.

Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, King of Poland was brother of Michal Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski b. 1736 in Gdansk, d. 1794 in Warsaw;

Michal Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski was father of Piotr Pawel Jan Maleszewski 1767 - 1828 who married 2nd time to Jeanne Garran de Coulon, but 1st time married to J. Venture de Paradis or Victoire Françoise Venture de Paradise (see Sulkowski, Venture and Breguet, Duflon, Konstantynowicz at my domain: part 1, 2, 3 - the links below).
First marriage of Maleszewski with a beautiful Victoire Françoise Venture de Paradise, called "Egyptian", the representative of the then "Merveilleuses", gave him a number of concerns. They had a daughter born in Paris in 1794 - Victoire Clementine, later married Alfred de Laqueuille. In addition, his name wore two daughters of his wife,
Adela Mortier and Olimpia Chodzko Leonardowa;
after the death of his wife in 1813 he married in 1816 to Jeanne, daughter of an old friend Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon.

Branch from Jean VENTURE d. 1660, Consul de Marseille in 1637; his son Charles de VENTURE sieur de PARADIS; grandson Jean Michel de VENTURE b. 1701 in Marseille; great-grandsons Jean Joseph de VENTURE and Jean Michel de VENTURE de PARADIS born 1739 Marseille - his children:
1. Unknown by name de VENTURE de PARADIS married to Jozef Sulkowski / Joseph SULKOWSKI born in 1770 in the Poznan province in Poland - died in 1798 in Cairo / Kair / Caire, Egypt: the friend and aide de camp to Bonaparte, friend with Muiron, Vivant Denon, Carnot, Augereau, and Bourienne.
and 2. Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to
a. Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI / Piotr Maleszewski with children
Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and
Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;
b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858 with children:
A. Louis François Clément BREGUET 1804 - 1883 married to Charlotte Eugénie Caroline LASSIEUR 1815 - 1889 with children:
Louise BREGUET 1847-1930,
Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882,
Madeleine BREGUET 1853-1877;
B. Louise Charlotte Clémentine BREGUET 1810 - 1887 married to Dr LIONNET.

Jan's son, Aleksander Chodzko was arrested in 1830/1831 and taken to St. Petersburg where he met the father, then above Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia. Next he was the Russian consul in Persia, then professor of Slavic literature at the College de France, well-known author who married to Helena Jundzill, daughter of Victor, with her sons, Victor Chodzko m. Mary Baldassari, with children: Edward, Victor junior, Helena and Aleksander junior - the English naval captain, and the last son was Adam, an engineer residing in San Francisco.

Stanislaw / Stanislas Chodzko, chemist - son of above Jan Chodzko;
Stanislaw was the brother of above named Alexander.
Józef Chodzko, was the third brother, General.

Jozef / Joseph CHODZKO 1723-1782, and Konstancja BUJNICKA had children:

1. Ludwik Tadeusz Chodzko / Louis Thadee CHODZKO, 1769-1843, married to Waleria DEDERKO with son
Leonard CHODZKO, 1800-1871 who married to Olympe MALESZEWSKI / Olimpia Maleszewska;
see below - Sulkowski and on the Venture of Paradise, the Breguet family and Duflon - Konstantynowicz Company!

2. above Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 m. Klara KORSAK, d. 1852, with son
Alexandre CHODZKO 1802-1891.

Leonard Chodzko, was son of Ludwik Chodzko, Marshal of the Zawilejski region and Waleryia Dederko; he was grandson of Jozef / Joseph CHODZKO 1723-1782, and Konstancja BUJNICKA;
Leonard was born in 1800, residing in Paris, author of many historical works, his brother
Aleksander Chodzko 2nd, died, 1877},

Stanislaw Joteyko,

Wiktor Ossolinski,

Wincenty Karwicki,

Jozef Gruszecki,

Tomasz Czarkowski,

MICHAL ROMER

{Michal Józef Römer / Romer or Roemer; b. 1778 - d. 1853, was a politician, writer, Freemason. Römer was born in WILNO / Vilna, where he spent most of his life. He owned manors in Kriaunos, Antanase, Bagdoniskis, Daugirdiskiai, Granapolis, Dembine. During the French invasion of Russia, he served as the mayor of Vilna from July to September 1812.
1817 and 1820 he served as a Marshal of the Vilna Governorate. He also served as a head of the regional branch of the National Patriotic Society and the "Towarzystwo Szubrawców" - literary society

(along with Michal Balinski, Leon Borowski, Ignacy Chodzko, Antoni Gorecki, Kazimierz Kontrym, Józef Sekowski, Jedrzej Sniadecki and Tomasz Zan).

MICHAL ROMER was master of Masonic Lodge Diligent Lithuanian and chairman of the Great Lodge Perfect Unity.
In 1826 he was imprisoned in Warsaw and the Peter and Paul Fortress. Later he was exiled to Voronezh. After the return in 1832, he retired from public life.
Michal Józef Romer was born in 1778, to Stefan Dominik Romer and Anna Romer (born Pac). Stefan was born in 1721. Anna was born in 1749. Michal married Rachela de Raes.
They had son Seweryn Justus Justyn Romer m. in 1850 to Aniela Burba with:
Kazimierz Ignacy + Kazimiera Bronislawa Skirmunt
with son and daughters:
1. Antoni Kazimierz Seweryn Römer 1889-1973 + Anna Soltan 1895-1974;
2. Irena Aniela Helena Römer + Edward Plater-Zyberk;
3. Jolanta Römer 1892-1987 + Witold Klemens Wankowicz 1888-1948;
4. Maria Konstancja Karolina Römer + Zygmunt Lubienski;
5. Kazimiera Römer 1899-1989 + Karol Tadeusz Wankowicz 1894-1990 -
the son of Waclaw Stanislaw Adam Wankowicz 1860-1936 who was the
great-grandson of
Melchior Wankowicz b. ca 1770 and Scholastyka Gorecka b. ca 1790.

MELCHIOR's son:
Karol 1805-1854 + Rozalia Wankowicz 1800-1891;
and grandson -
Melchior Roman Julian Wankowicz 1842-1892 + Maria Szwojnicka;
and great-grandchildren:
Czeslaw Wankowicz 1876-1912;
Witold Wankowicz [the conspiracy in the IHUMEN county and the BEREZYNA parish - a person friendly with my family] 1882- 1944;
Regina Wankowicz 1883-1963;
Melchior Wankowicz 1892-1974.
See more on ROMER:
Marie / Misia, 1869 - Gries 1902, m. Bronislas ROMER, b. in Lithuanie 1856, d. San Remo 1899, with children:
a. Mathias / Maciej, 1890, d. Warsaw 1955 m. Marie KORYBUT - DASZKIEWICZ, 1889 - 1953.
b. Bronislas / Broneck, 1891 in Powience, Russie,
c. Tadeusz Romer / Thaddee ROMER, b. in Antonosz near Kaunas in 1894, died in Montreal 1978, and acc. to Wikipedia: a secretary to Roman Dmowski in 1919, the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ambassador to Italy, Portugal, Japan (1937-1941) and the Soviet Union (1942-1943). Then he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Polish Government in Exile (1943-1944);
m. Zofia Wankowicz / Sophie WANKOWICZ, b. ex-Poland in 1897, d. Montreal 1981.
Tadeusz Romer has the 'Medaille de Juste parmi les Nations decernee par le Memorial Yad Vashem' (1984).

Zofia Wankowicz m. Tadeusz Ludwik Römer b. 1894 in Antonosz, d. 1978 in Montreal; Zofia Wankowicz b. 1907 in Zaswiatów, died Sept. 1981; her parents:
Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz 1859-1923 and Helena Boguszewska 1868-1928.
Above Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz was father of Jadwiga Rostworowska and Zofia Römer.
Above named Zofia Römer b. 1907 or Zofia Wankowicz born on 17 Feb. 1897 in Zaswiatow by Swislocz river, died in Montreal in Sept. 1981, daughter of Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz 1859 - 1923, and Helena Boguszewski 1868-1928;
Helena nee Boguszewski had 2 daughters: Jadwiga Rostworowski and above Zofia Romer; Zofia m. two times: 1st to Tadeusz Ludwik Romer 1894 - 1978, with 3 children; 2nd to Konstanty Maria Józef / Konstanty Maria Drucki-Lubecki, 1893-1939, since 1918},

Mikolaj WORCELL,

Stanislaw Karwicki,

Anselm Iwaszkiewicz,

Piotr MOSZYNSKI,

Anastazy GRODECKI,

Antoni Jablonowski.


CONSPIRATORS in Lithuania:

Barankiewicz,

Biallozor,

JOZEF BILLEWICZ,

Buczynski,

Bykowski,

Aleksander CHODKIEWICZ,

Franciszek Czarkowski,

Downarowicz,

Karol Dziekonski,

Stanislaw Gruzewski,

Jozef Gruzewski,

Michal Hoffmann,

Karpinski,

Korbut;

Kulczycki;

Labanowski;

Piotr LAGOWSKI,

Lipski;

LUKASZEWICZ,

Stanislaw Mackiewicz;
Stefan Mackiewicz;
Stanislaw Mikulicz;

Teofil Mikulicz;

Konstantyn Nowowieyski,
IGNACY PLATER or Kazimierz Ignacy Broel Plater

{Michal Plater-Zyberk b. in 1777, died in 1862 in Schloßberg, Saksonia.
Son of Count Kazimierz Konstanty Plater [see WRONIAWY] and Izabela Ludwika Plater / Izabella Borch / IZABELA BORCH PLATER ZYBERK [see below]. Husband of Izabella Helena.
Brother of Ludwik August Plater [see below, b. 1775];
Jan Ferdynand Plater;
Stanislaw Broel-Plater Sr. born 1784 [see below];
Kazimierz Ignacy Broel-Plater / IGNACY BROEL PLATER;
Viktoria Augustina.

Stanislaw Plater Senior, b. 1784 in Dowgieliszki / Dawgieliszki, d. 1851 in Wroniawy or Wolsztyn / Wollstein, the Provinz of Posen, had brother Ludwik Plater [see below - born in 1775]. STANISLAW b. in Daugieliszki in 1784; Polish geographer, geologist, historian, the author of numerous publications. Stanislaw Plater, Senior, was an officer in 1806 to 1815, then lived in Posen and Paris for a long time. He was known as historian and antiquarian.
Keblowo, the church was built by owners of Wroniawy: Stanislaw Plater and his son Stanislaw junior.

Stanislaw Plater, junior, was the son of named Stanislaw Broel-Plater and Antonina Gajewski of Blociszew, he was born in 1822 in Paryz / PARIS. Plater (Broel-Plater) Stanislaw (1822-1890), junior, was the landowner, political activist, in 1850 was member of the Polish League; 1858 to 1863 he was a member of the Prussian parliament, from the district of Leszno, then in the Poznan-Oborniki.
Married (1848) KATARZYNA MIELZYNSKA / Catherine Mielzynski (1828-1899), daughter of MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI.
Above Katarzyna Broel-Plater b. 1828 in above Chobienice, the Wolsztyn County, Greater Poland; d. 1899 in Warsaw, daughter of Count Maciej Mielzynski
[Maciej Mielzynski 1799 - 1870, son of hrabia Józef Mielzynski and Franciszka NIEMOJOWSKA]
and Konstancja Mielzynska daughter of PROKOP MIELZYNSKI [see MERKEL].

Katarzyna was the wife of Stanislaw Broel-Plater Jr.; sister of Karol Ignacy Mielzynski and Gabriela Koncza.

Above Ludwik / Ludwig Plater (1775 in Kraslaw, Livonia / Polish Inflanty, d. 1846 in Posen / POZNAN) was a Polish patriot. Count Plater came from the German baltic noble family; MASON; in 1794 he took part as a volunteer in the Kosciuszko uprising and became adjutant of General Karol Sierakowski. In 1815 he joined the Polish State Council, in 1830 he co-operated with Karol Kniaziewicz in Paris, his estates were confiscated; he stayed first in Paris, where he became Vice- President of the Literary Society, and moved to POZNAN / Posen in 1840, where he died in 1846.
Named above Kraslava / Kreslau / Kraslaw, at half way from DYNEBURG to Wierchniedzwinsk - DRYSSA - see SWOLNA};

POCIEJ;

Jan Poniatowski 1760/1770 - d. after 1823

{Kulczyny in 1753, Antoni Lubomirski took; then his son Marcin. Before 1775 Kulczyny belonged to Ignacy Poniatowski, General Adjutant (1776), m. Anna Malachowska.
Ignacy Poniatowski / Ignacy Józef, 1707 / 1730 - 1796, in 1788 official in Lublin; the brother of Stanislaw, SENIOR; the son of NIKODEM Poniatowski / Nikodem Tadeusz Poniatowski, the official in MSCISLAW, b. ca 1690, m. Franciszka Skórkowska;
Ignacy Poniatowski, moved home from Poniatowo to Volhynia, m. Anna Jaksa Malachowska / Anna de Malachowo Malachowska, the daughter of Lukasz. Ignacy Poniatowski, had two sons:
Jan Poniatowski, CONSPIRATOR;
and Józef Poniatowski, 1762 - 1845 + Julia Grocholska the daughter of Franciszek Ksawery GROCHOLSKI.
Jozef's daughter: Matylda Poniatowska b. ca 1800 in Tahancza, d. 1887 in Geneva + Józef Szymanowski

[his 2nd marriage; b. 1778/1779 in KASKI - see The TEMPLARS].

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law).
Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother [1st wife of Franciszek WOLOWSKI ?] - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski [Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 m. Ewa Mecinska, and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin- Borkowski].
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins: Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer; children remained with Maria after
her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce.
Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1778/1779.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born in 1778 / 1779 in KASKI, were brothers - acc. to me.

Józef Poniatowski (1762-1845), Colonel, m. JULIA Grocholska.
His brother Jan Poniatowski b. ca 1770 - died after 1823, Colonel, m. Honorata Jastrzebska, jailed for activities of the Patriotic Society. After the death of Ignacy Poniatowski - Kulczyny / Kulczyna was given to Jan Poniatowski, and after his death, the estate passed onto the only daughter Otylda, married to Adolf Grocholski, and later divorced.
Otylda Grocholska died after 1860. Kulczyn was returned to her family as a legacy of Cezary Poniatowski (born in 1803 - died after 1864), one of the five sons of Józef; Cezary married to Olga Swiejkowska.
Cezary and Olga Poniatowski sold Kulczyna to Wolkonski};

Przeciszewski;

KAROL PROZOR;

Kazimierz PULAWSKI

{Konstanty Tyzenhauz born in 1786, in Zoludek, Count, landowner, painter, was the son of Ignacy TYZENHAUZ and Anna / Marianna Bieganska. Waleria Tyzenhauz, born Wankowicz, in 1800 / 1805 - 1841 / 1843, was the daughter of Antoni Wankowicz and Anna Soltan b. 1780. Waleria married Konstanty Tyzenhauz in 1822.
IGNACY b. 1760 - d. 1822, the brother of
Tadeusz Tyzenhauz;
half brother of Kasper Tyzenhauz;
Teresa Oskierka;
Benedykt Tyzenhauz junior;
Antoni Tyzenhauz;
Teresa.
IGNACY was the son of Michal Ludwik Tyzenhauz.

Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz nee Judycka, ca 1740 [not in 1720 !] - 1784, was the wife of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and KAZIMIERZ TYZENHAUZ / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas, and the mother of
MIKOLAJ GIELGUD
[Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813, was the son of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz],
Antonina von Rönne
[Antonina von Rönne nee Gielgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz; she was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Oginska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Oginska]
and ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ / Sofija Tyzenhauziene - Zofia Tyzenhauz
[?? - born ca 1790; acc. to me ca 1780] m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840, with son Aleksander Ignacy Choiseul-Gouffier m. Zofia Hutten-Czapska.
ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ m. 2nd to Antoni Tyzenhauz (1756-1816), General, in 1792 was the president of Wilno, MP in 1790, member of the 1794 Uprising.

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1740 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz SENIOR - was the husband of above Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauziene. Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.
Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz.
Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz
and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI;
ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano; father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski; brother of Teodora Walewska.

Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Józef Pulaski; she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero, the Polish conspirator.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolinska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.
FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki (Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander), married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723}

Konstantyn Radziwill;

Skibicki;

Stanislaw Soltan;

ADAM SOLTAN;

Jozef STRUMILLO;

Karol Wagner;

Woynillowicz;

Zagorski;

Jozef Kaleski;

Tomasz ZAN,

Zapolski

{Ewa Cydzik was 1st married to Jan Konstantynowicz b. ca 1832/1833 - d. ca 1874 / 1877, the son of Jan Konstantynowicz senior (1804-1806) of TOLOCZKI, and Maryanna Zapolski, the daughter of SIEMION ZAPOLSKI.

And we back now again to De Mohrenschildt who was born
Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt in MOZYRZ / Mozyr (see Bulhak family and Ipohorski) in Belarus, in 1911. He had an older brother, Dimitri / Dymitr. His father was Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt; his mother,
Alexandra / Aleksandra Zopalsky / ALEKSANDRA ZAPOLSKA, of Polish descent.
Sergey von Mohrenschildt was a Marshal of Nobility of the Minsk Province 1913 - 1917 (see Karol Hutten - Czapski and Duflon & Konstantynowicz in Minsk), and an Actual Civil Councilor; 1920, Sergy von Mohrenschildt was arrested by the Bolsheviks; while awaiting transport to Veliky Ustyug, Sergey became ill. The Soviet government released Sergey, his wife and De Mohrenschildt then fled to Poland; De Mohrenschildt's older brother Dimitri was awaiting execution but was later released in a prisoner exchange in Poland; Alexandra died ca 1922 in Poland.
Alexandra Gapolski / Zapolska born 13.5.1879 / 25.5.1879; Aleksandra's husband - occupation: the County marshal in Mozyrz / Mozir in 1911; County marshal in Minsk in 1914 - 1915 or 1913 to 1917; description: Minsk office in 1911};

IGNACY ZAWISZA.


Conspirator, Ignacy Zawisza of Kowno in all probability is Ignacy Zawisza-Dowgiallo, b. 1774, died in 1833; the son of Teresa Zawisza-Dowgiallo
(Teresa Burzynska b. ca 1740, the daughter of Stanislaw Antoni Burzynski b. 1701, died in 1775. The graddaughter of ELZBIETA BUTLER, BURZYNSKA),
and Stanislaw Zawisza b. ca 1740,
the grandson of - ? - Ignacy Zawisza senior b. ca 1720.
Ignacy Zawisza Dowgiallo, senior, d. 1798, a land judge of Kaunas in 1765-1782, an official in 1754-1765; inf. 1764 in the Kowno county;
Ignacy Zawisza, was the owner of Czewkowce / Ciolkowce in Podolia, the Kamieniec Podolski area, in 1774.

Named Ignacy Zawisza-Dowgiallo, junior, 1774 - 1833, had the daughter:
Leokadia Zawisza, b. ca 1800 - d. in 1829 + Stanislaw Gieysztor 1800-1834 [see below the genealogy]; and they had a son
Jakub Konstanty Wilhelm Gieysztor 1827-1897

[JAKUB Gieysztor was the son of Stanislaw GIEYSZTOR, a member of the insurgent Kaunas committee in 1831 and Leokadia Zawisza-Dowgiallo Gieysztor. Jakub in 1844 was graduated with the Noble Institute in Vilnius and began studies at the St. Petersburg University, where he came into contact with Zygmunt Sierakowski. In 1848, he returned to Lithuania, to stop insurgents, including the so-called conspiracy of the Dalewski brothers. He settled in Ignacogród.
In 1863, Jakub became the president of the Provinces of Lithuania. On July 31, 1863, he was arrested due to the denunciation of the Vilnius province governor Alexander Domeyko.
In 1865, sentenced to 12 years of hard work in Usol, in 1868 he was transferred to Irkutsk; in 1872 he returned to the country
and settled in Suwalki, then in Warsaw].

Jakub was twice married: 1st to Tekla ZAWISZA in 1851, with 5 sons [Tekla was the late daughter of named above Ignacy Zawisza-Dowgiallo 1774-1833; Tekla was born ca 1825]; 2nd to Helena Eysmont in 1877 with two sons.


Named Stanislaw Gieysztor 1800-1834, had parents: Jakub Gieysztor SENIOR, 1764-1804 + Anna Gasecka 1770-1837; the grandparents:
Stanislaw Gieysztor b. ca 1730 + Marianna Zaleska [the daughter of Stanislaw ZALESKI and unknown Maslowska];
the great-grandparents:
Antoni Gieysztor 1700-1744; Stanislaw Zaleski; and Anna Maslowska [the wife of ANTONI GIEYSZTOR d. 1744] born 1698 -
note:
Maslowski Andrzej with Katarzyna Chmielinska had daughter
Anna Zofia Maslowska / Anna Maslowska, b. 1698, owner of Lubojnia [LUBOJNA - 8 km east to KAMYK of Kiedrzynski ! and 9 km west to KOSCIELEC of Madalinski].

We back to
Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun,
son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska.
Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784 [godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska].

KAROL Myszkowski was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów
[TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski],
Police,
but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761.
KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801; Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary

[Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska. Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784].

HIERONIM Myszkowski b. ca 1550, died after 1577 [he was the son of Hieronim senior b. ca 1500, and grandson of Marcin Myszkowski b. ca 1448, and Zuzanna LASKI; Marcin was born 1448, son of Piotr Myszkowski and Agnieszka KOBYLANSKA];
had son
Waclaw Myszkowski b. ca 1600 - died in 1663/1666 + Zofia Podczaszanka Mirzowska;
and grandson
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640, bpt in Kozieglówki, 3 km south-east to Kozieglowy, south of Czestochowa - d. 1713) owner of Dabrowa, and Galewice (from hands of wife Aleksadra Grodzicki), married also to unknown Anna,
with the son
Jan Myszkowski (ca 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice), owner of Galewice.


WOLA WIAZOWA and the "Kiedrzynskis" - Maslowski - Pradzynski - Walewski:

Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, died after 1692, married Urszula Bielska.

Below on Wodziczna / Wodzicze - 3 km south to Pomiany; 4 km south-east to TRZCINICA; 5 km north-east to the ex-Silesian-Austrian border:

Jadwiga Myszkowska [b. ca 1675] m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze / WODZICZNA; in 1689 - 1692, Stefan Golychowski / Golyglowski lease village Kurow in the Wielun county [7 km north to MOKRSKO; 4 km north-west to TUROW; west of WIELUN; also see KIEDRZYNSKI], next of kin to Franciszka Antonina Trzcinska, b. 1693, in Trzcinica; in 1692 named Kurow lease Michal Myszkowski of Dabrowa.

Named Andrzej Maslowski 1660 / 1665 / 1670 - d. 1720 / 1742, was the owner of Ruda close to Wielun [south-east to Wielun, 5 km], Mierzyce, Toporów, Przewóz; he lived in Pomiany close to Trzcinica

[POMIANY, 2 km to east of Trzcinica - 18 km south to KEPNO in Poland to 1793, in the Wielun county; Trzcinica was owned to 1812 by the Trzcinski family; then to German family. Is situated 12 km south to GREBANIN - see Kreski and Kiedrzynski, in the Ostrzeszow county, in 1793 to Prussia. 1807 to the Duchy of Warsaw. But Wieruszow in 1815 to Russia. BRALIN was in Silesia; but TRZCINICA was 10 km east to the Silesia ex-border],

1st wife of Andrzej Maslowski in 1695 was Katarzyna Chmielinska, daughter of Piotr CHMIELINSKI.
Maslowski Andrzej with Katarzyna Chmielinska had children:

1. Anna Zofia Maslowska, b. 1698, owner of Lubojnia [LUBOJNA - 8 km east to KAMYK of Kiedrzynski ! and 9 km west to KOSCIELEC of Madalinski], married Antoni Gieysztor 1700-1744.

2. Krystyna m. an owner of Strzyzew / Strzyzewo,

3. Jadwiga Aleksandra b. 1699 m. Pawel Fundament Karsnicki,
4. Katarzyna Barbara,
5. Róza,
6. Jan Chryzostom owner of Rudniki, and Malyszyn [7 km north-east to WIELUN - see KUROW; north to Ruda],
7. Karol Boromeusz MASLOWSKI - owner of Stronsk / STRONSKO, d. 1795, officer in Ostrzeszow, m. Jadwiga Karsnicka = GERTRUDA KARSNICKA,
with
A. Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda m. 1759-1764, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski the owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska.
B.
In the Rudlice parish, in 1746, in Ostrówek, Ksawery August Józef Maslowski was born - the son of Karol Maslowski official in WIELUN + Gertruda Karsnicki Maslowski; godparents: Pawel Karsnicki official in Ostrzeszow and Teresa Wieloglowski married Bleszynska.

Franciszek Walewski / Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, an official in Ostrzeszow in 1765, 1772, 1775, 1778 - 1796; in 1781 the owner of Wola Wiazowa;
he m. in 1784, in the Kobyla Góra parish, in MYSLNIEW, 4 km to Silesia, to Konstancja Psarska b. before 1770, daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski 1730-1805 and his wife Ksawera Franciszka Bardzinska, 1753-1814.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, was married three times:
1.
TERESA NIEMOJOWSKA-PSARSKA, b. ca 1730 - a marriage in 1760;
2.
unknown - marriage ca 1778 [that is the marriage in 1759-64, to Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda];
3.
and in 1779 or in 1784, in Myslniew, west to Ostrzeszow, to Konstancja Psarska a daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, was the son of Franciszek Walewski with his 3rd wife [a marriage in STRONSKO]. Franciszek senior was born ca 1675 / 1690 / 1710 - died in 1745 in Rusiec; the 3rd wife was Teodora Walewska.

Franciszek Walewski from the 1st marriage had also a son Aleksander Walewski, official in Piotrków (1778), in Rozprza (1748), in Cracow in 1740, married Elzbieta Mecinska of Wieruszow and JEDLNO [see Izydor Kiedrzynski]!

We back to
Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788;
she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun,
son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska.

Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784 [godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska].

KAROL Myszkowski was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów

[TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski],
Police,
but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761.
KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801; Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary
[Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska. Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784].

HIERONIM Myszkowski b. ca 1550, died after 1577 [he was the son of Hieronim senior b. ca 1500, and grandson of Marcin Myszkowski b. ca 1448, and Zuzanna LASKI; Marcin was born 1448, son of Piotr Myszkowski and Agnieszka KOBYLANSKA];
with son
Waclaw Myszkowski b. ca 1600 - died in 1663/1666 + Zofia Podczaszanka Mirzowska;
and grandson
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640, bpt in Kozieglówki, 3 km south-east to Kozieglowy, south of Czestochowa - d. 1713) owner of Dabrowa, and Galewice (from hands of wife Aleksadra Grodzicki), married also to unknown Anna,
with the son
Jan Myszkowski (ca 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice), owner of Galewice.

See:
Ludwik Bartlomiej Szaniawski (b. 1816 in Gronów, 9 km east to ZLOCZEW and 18 km west to Widawa), owner of Kroczyce [17 km south to LELOW; close to Lgota Murowana], and Malowana Wola;
was the son of Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - d. 1839), owner of Ochle [at half way from Widawa to Wola Wiazowa; 9 km west to RESTARZEW], Gromadzice in the Wielun county [6 km north-west to Maslowice; 11 km north to WIELUN]; and Agnieszka Psarska b. ca 1770 - d. after 1844, in 1803 she was single and she was living in Radoszowice close to Osjaków [RADOSZEWICE - 9 km south-east to OSJAKOW or Radoszowice], daughter of Wladyslaw Psarski, granddaughter of Franciszek Ksawery PSARSKI.

We back to MYSZKOWSKI:

Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640 - d. 1713), the owner of Dabrowa and Galewice; m. Anna; they had son
Jan Myszkowski (b. ca 1695 - d. 1730 in Galewice), official in Wenden, the owner of Galewice;
JAN married Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska b. ca 1695 - d. after 1754, daughter of Andrzej Maslowski b. ca 1670 - d. before 1742, official in Wielun; ANDRZEJ Maslowski was the son of Adam Maslowski and Urszula Bielska. the wife of named ANDRZEJ was Katarzyna Chmielinska / Chmielewska.

Above JAN had son
Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784,
godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska;
KAROL MYSZKOWSKI was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów
[TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski],
Police, but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761. KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801;
Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary.

Son of named KAROL Myszkowski:

Cyprian Justyn Franciszek Myszkowski b. 1763, in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - d. in above Tokary - close to GLUCHOW;
and grandson of KAROL MYSZKOWSKI:
Adam Ignacy Ananiasz Myszkowski, b. 1804, Tokary - d. 1864, Warszawa, owner of Kustrzyce, Przymilów and mentioned Milejów; in 1833 owner of Rojków.

Compare - Andrzej Milkowski b. ca 1770 - d. after 1831/1849, official in Wschowa; the owner of Macew [17 km north-west to KALISZ], and Milejów.

Compare:
Swiato Jeziory / Swietojeziory / Šventežeris - in the Sejny district, a region of Lozdzieje, located about 9 km east to LOZDZIEJE. In the 18th century, belonged to Dominik Radziwill. Then, Swietojeziory / Šventežeris to Mikolaj Myszkowski until 1863.
Then the estate broke up on a few parts. The farm passed to Mendel Burak.
That is Mikolaj Myszkowski (b. in 1806, in the Doruchów parish, 13 km east to OSTRZESZOW ! - in Przytocznica 4 km north-west to Doruchów. See SUWALKI !).
He was the son of Hipolit Ignacy Karol Myszkowski (1760 in Komorniki close to Poznan - d. 1828, Zapolice, 3 km east to STRONSKO; in the Stronsko parish - 9 km south-west to Zdunska Wola);
the grandson of WOJCIECH who had 4 wives;
named Wojciech Stanislaw Myszkowski (b. 1727, Galewice, bpt in Cieszecin - d. 1795, Galewice) was the brother of Karol Myszkowski b. 1723, Galewice {godfather was Jan Maslowski + Jadwiga Maslowska-Myszkowska};
the great-grandson of Jan Myszkowski b. 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice, official in Wenden, the owner of Galewice, north-east to Wieruszow and CHOBANIN;
who was the son of
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640 - 1713), the owner of Dabrowa / Dabrowka [4 km east to Galewice] and Galewice; m. Anna.

Mentioned above Mikolaj Myszkowski, 1640-1713, owner of Ruda close to Wielun [5 km south-east to WIELUN; east to MOKRSKO ! - see Jan Paszkowski], and Galewice [13 km north-east to WIERUSZOW], m. Aleksandra Grodzicka, 1640 - 1668, with:

1. Chryzostom Mikolaj Myszkowski, born ca 1675 or b. 1665-1709 m. Jadwiga Karsnicka of Wielun,

2. Jadwiga Myszkowska, died in 1725 m. Stefan Golygowski owner of Kurow (see Kiedrzynski) [8 km west to WIELUN],

3. Elzbieta Myszkowska m. before 1692 to Adam Kiedrzynski.

Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1675, d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, but in 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska was widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski; Eleonora was then wife of Jan Relo.

The brother of named JADWIGA and ELZBIETA was [previously mistaken] Mikolaj / Chryzostom Mikolaj Myszkowski b. ca 1675 - d. 1709, the owner of Galewice [13 km north-east to WIERUSZOW], married in 1702 in Kruszyna north-east to Czestochowa [east to Cykarzew; 13 km north-east to KOSCIELEC of MADALINSKI].

Karol Maslowski, official in Wielun, m. Gertruda Karsnicki Maslowski.

They had bpt. in Rudlice in 1743, the daughter Kunegunda Ewa Anna. Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda
[RUDA was the estate of MASLOWSKI: Piotr Maslowski the owner of Maslowice, Mierzyce and Ruda in the Wielun county; Piotr was the official in WIELUN, 1527-1561],
baptis. in Rudlice [19 km north to WIELUN], m. Franciszek Ksawery Walewski b. ca 1740, owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska. Above Franciszek Walewski officer in Rozprza, 1710-1745, wife Teodora Walewska b. 1710. His son Ksawery Franciszek Walewski officer in Ostrzeszów, 1739 / 1740-1796.

WOLA WIAZOWA owned by the Walewskis in the 18th cent.,
they founded in 1781 a church. In 1885 estate included Wola Wiazowa, Wincentów, Stanislawów, Deby, and owned by Pradzynski:
1.
Stanislaw Kostka Pradzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [born in Pacholewo, died in Poznan; owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and his wife BRONIKOWSKA;
2.
then named Wola Wiazowa was taken by his son Wincenty Pradzynski
[that is Wincenty Józef Pradzynski], died 1858 in Warszawa

(Wincenty's brother: Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski {b. 1792 in Sanniki; General}.
Wincenty was born on April 5, 1795, in Iwno / IWNIE close to Kostrzyn. His wife Salomea was born on November 19, 1790, in Wasosz)

and his wife Salomea Mierzynska b. 1799

[the sons of named Wincenty Jozef Pradzynski, 1795-1858:
A. Stanislaw Wincenty Pradzynski / Stanislaw Pradzynski, 1828-1855 in WOLA WIAZOWA;
B. Wincenty Boleslaw Pradzynski born in 1839, d. 1895;
C. Edward Emilian Julian Pradzynski b. 1838 in Leznica Wielka - died in 1895 in WOLA WIAZOWA + Maria Skorzewska

{a case of excise duty on spirits, which was supposed to be exported abroad (to Prussia ?) in Piotrkow in 1875 and in 1892; the owner of the distillery in Wola Wiazowna's estate, Edward Pradzynski, for the purpose of securing the excise tax due to him for export abroad spirits, presented a deposit in the general amount of 17,000 rs. In 1875 Pradzynski demanded from the excise manager in the Kalisz to return to him the deposit on the principle that the corresponding amount of spirits was supposedly from his distillery exported abroad.
A court case in 1893 - Maria Pradzynska vs. Edward Pradzynski
(compare the life of A. MATEUSZ "KIEDRZYNSKI" of Wola Wiazowa - a trade in alcohol, snuff, cigars, lubricants to Prussia. B. And Gabriel Kiedrzynski / Gabryel Kiedrzynski of Jedlno and Wola Wiazowa - 1831/1832 to April 1832 abroad ?; C. and Jan "Kiedrzynski" of Wola Wiazowa and Wola Pszczolecka, come from named Gabryel)};

D. Boleslaw Jan Pradzynski, 1842-1855, and

E. Wladyslaw Pradzynski 1837-1898 lived in LEZNICA WIELKA close to Leczyca + Anna Skrzynska].

3.
Stanislaw Pradzynski 1828-1855, a single, son of Wincenty and Salomea born Mierzynska; Stanislaw died in Wola Wiazowa in 1855.

In 1858, Wincenty Pradzynski died, the owner of Kobierzycko [at half way from BLASZKI to Sieradz; the Wróblew parish, 3 km to KOBIERZYCKO] and of Wola Wiazowa / Wola Wiezowa; Wincenty-Józef-Grzymala Pradzynski, was the Actual Counselor of State; died in Warsaw on 19 November 1858.

In 1863 in the Wola Wiazowa manor was secret printing house of Feliks Kicki.

4.
1892 - Wola Wiazowa belonged to Pradzynski [see above on Edward Emilian Julian Pradzynski b. 1838 in Leznica Wielka - died in 1895 in WOLA WIAZOWA + Maria Skorzewska].

BIEGANIN - 21 south-east-south to ORPISZEWEK; 18 south-east to DOBRZYCA.


The BARDZKI / Bardski family and MIELESZYN

[Antoni Szaniawski married 1st to Konkordia Lipinska in the Mieleszyn parish; in named Mieleszyn in July 1776, Antoni Szaniawski married second to Joanna nee Szczepkowski, 1 voto Tymieniecka. The Parish of St Mary Magdalene in Mieleszyn - the Roman Catholic parish belonging to the Boleslawiec deanery of the diocese of Kalisz. Mieleszyn - near to Wieruszow, is situated close to CHOBOT; 9 km south-east to Wieruszow; south to CHOBANIN; east to MROCZEN and OPATOW.
Jan Kanty Szaniawski was born in 1764 or 1760, to Józef Tomasz Szaniawski and Zofia Podczaska. Józef Szaniawski was born in 1734, in Galewice near Wieruszow. Jan Kanty Szaniawski, 1764 - 1835 / 1836 or died in 1839, married Agnieszka Psarski, born in 1780. They had son Teofil Kazimierz Szaniawski. Jan Kanty Szaniawski (1764-1836) was the Attorney in Wielun.
Named Józef SZANIAWSKI was born on March 6, 1734, in Galewice. GALEWICE 18 km north-east-north to MIELESZYN ! Close to CHOBANIN. Above Józef Szaniawski was born in 1734, in Galewice, was the brother {?} of above ANTONI SZANIAWSKI, b. ca 1730, who married close to WIERUSZOW - Mieleszyn, close to CHOBOT; 9 km south-east to Wieruszow. South to CHOBANIN; east to MROCZEN and OPATOW. Died in 1792. JOZEF Szaniawski was the son of Kazimierz Szaniawski and Marianna]:

A. Pawel BARDZKI, 1690-1739, married in 1732, Anna Skorzewska, 1700-1744, the daughter of Andrzej and Dorota Choinski, with children:

[remember:
BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770 and she was 2nd married to Jakub Kiedrzynski. Wojciech Marek BARDZKI had parents:
Jan Bardzki died in 1724 + mother Helena Milaczewska d. 1724]:

1. Franciszek BARDZKI b. 1732 in Mieleszyn;
2. Katarzyna Elzbieta Dorota b. 1735 in JAGNIEWICE / Igniewice, north-west to GNIEZNO, and married to Józef Dobrolecki;
3. Ignacy Jan BARDZKI b. in Mieleszyn;
4. Józef Jan Nepomucen BARDZKI born in 1738, the Royal official, m. Anna Pawlowska,
with children:
a) Aleksandra;
b) Ludwika Franciszka m. Tadeusz Krzyzanowski, 2nd she married Antoni Feliks Lewinski the owner of Paprotna / Paprotnia;
c) Mateusz Bardzki - Colonel, b. ca 1783,
d) Marianna m. Ludwik Dembinski, owner of Liszkówka;

5. Andrzej BARDZKI b. in 1730 or ca 1738/1739
- not in 1743;
Colonel [note about Erazm Mycielski], owner of Kobierzycko [at half way from Sieradz to BLASZKI; close to TUBADZIN], bought from hands of Antoni Siemiatkowski,
m. Marianna Krzyzanowska, lived in Osmolin close to Zdunska Wola {or near Kiernozia ?}; children:
a) Michal Bardzki b. ca 1793, in Glinno [25 km north to SIERADZ, close to Warta],
b) Ludwika b. ca 1799, m. Józef Stanislawski,
c) Nepomucena m. Kalikst Byszewski,
d) Ignacy Wojciech Pawel BARDZKI, b. 1797 in Iwanowice, lived in Wróblew, the owner of Rojkow, m. in Stronsko, to Faustyna Sulimierska, b. in 1799 in Stronsko
[by the Warta river; 18 km north-west to WIDAWA; 13 km west to MARZENIN],
the daughter of Ludwik Sulimierski and Marianna Kempista Sulimierska;
with children:
1. Romana Dobrochna Tekla, b. 1835 in Janowice [7 km south to Mikolajewice] near to Mikolajewice [4 km south-west to Lutomiersk],
2. Kandyd Brunon Franciszek BARDZKI - served the Russian Army in 1863,
3. Kamila Seweryna Ignacja,
4. August Ludwik Bardzki, b. 1827 in Rojków close to Marzenin [Marzenin - 19 km north-east to WIDAWA; Rojkow - 17 km north to Widawa],
5. Anna Balbina.

Mentioned above
Faustyna Sulimierska born ca 1799, in Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki, the owner of Janowice, close to SZADEK, inf. 1840, born 1797 - Iwanowice.
Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki -
his parents:
Andrzej Bardzki COLONEL, 1730-1819 and Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska b. ca 1750;
the grandparents:
Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739; Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745; Stanislaw Krzyzanowski b. ca 1720; Dorota Bystram.

B.
Andrzej Bardzki, died in 1726, senior

[Above named Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739 + in 1732 to Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745, with the son Colonel ANDRZEJ BARDZKI, 1730-1819 {note - Erasmus Mycielski !} + Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska with son Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki b. 1797 + Faustyna Sulimierska, with children: Józef Bardzki b. 1824; Kamilla Seweria Ignacja Bardzka; Kandyd Brunon Franciszek Bardzki; Romana Bardzka; Maksymilian Edward Bardzki];

C.
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770;
Stanislaw Bardzki born 1697;
Marianna Bardzka, 1707-1729;
elder brother Maciej Bardzki b. 1685;
Pawel Bardzki b. 1690 - d. 1739;
Antoni Bardzki d. 1738;
Kazimierz Bardzki d. 1738;
Katarzyna Bardzka died in 1742.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767. Her father Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Brygida Bardzka Walknowska + JAKUB Kiedrzynski had two daughters:

1. Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770 / 1772-1811;

2. and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

Wojciech Marek BARDZKI had parents:
Jan Bardzki died in 1724 + mother Helena Milaczewska d. 1724.


The Bardzki family - Sulimierski - Kiedrzynski {Wilczkow, Orpiszewek, Wilkowo Polskie, Jedlno, Wola Wiazowa, Wola Pszczolecka, and also about Mariowka in the Opoczno county} - Mielzynski - Oginski / Kalinowski + Wolowski - Arnold - Kiedzynski lines + the Pradzynskis:

Acc. to Nejman:
Wojciech Sulimierski owner in 1728 of Losieniec, married to Dorota Trzebnicka, with son:
Józef Sulimierski d. 1787, m. Antonina Przeradzka; with children:
1. Jan died 1809,
2. Salomea;
3. Agnieszka m. Jan Kossobudzki;
4. Ludwik Sulimierski born ca 1758, died ca 1826, owner of Stronsko, m. to Marianna Julianna Kempista, daughter of Maciej Kempista and Joanna Szeliska, with children:
a) Faustyna born ca 1799, Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki;
b) Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski of Wesola and Tyczyn, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska;
with daughter Ewa Józefa born 1836 in Zielecice;
c) Feliks Bonawentura Sulimierski married in 1829 to Petronela SZANIAWSKA - she was b. 1810 in Gromadzice, daughter of Jan Kanty SZANIAWSKI b. ca 1764, owner of above Gromadzice, and Ochle, and Agnieszka Psarska [see below].

Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - 1839) had sons:
1. Józef Gabriel Szaniawski (born in 1805 in Gromadzice close to Wielun - d. 1879) married in 1841 to Aniela Zbijewska (b. 1816);
2. Jan Chryzostom Ignacy Szaniawski (born 1813, Gromadzice), owner of Chodaki in the Szadek county, and also owner of Kraszyn, and Zwiasty;
3. Ludwik Bartlomiej Szaniawski (b. 1816 in Gronów, the Sieradz county), owner of Kroczyce in the Lelów county and Malowana Wola (see above on Ignacy KIEDRZYNSKI)
and married in 1844 in Redziny to Aniela Rotkiewicz from Kroczyce (b. in 1824, Kroczyce - died 1860, Piotrków) daughter of Marianna Dobinska (Dabinska, Drabinska).


Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720; JAKUB was the owner of Orpiszewek [Jakub was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko / ORPISZEWEK in 1809 (Orpiszewko was owned by the Kiedrzynskis);
with daughter Kunegunda Madalinska born before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki Chrzanowska.

Jozef Madalinski was son of Kajetan Madalinski, 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.

Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].

JAKUB'S brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski and IZYDOR Kiedrzynski!

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771. Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son Anastazy, and daughters:
Marianna in 1779 m. to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !];
Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski;
Michalina;
Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.

Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784,
with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821,
and with daughter Monika, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.

Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

They were relatives of Marcin Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1715/1720, and they come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. ca 1675 - owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county.

Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and Katarzyna MYCIELSKA GORZYCKA MIELZYNSKA

{MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki}

had children:
1. Elzbieta, m. Franciszek Wessel, official in Zakroczym;
2.
Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{Urszula Wierusz-Walknowska MIELZYNSKA, died in 1743;
URSZULA Walknowska Mielzynska was the half-sister of ANNA GORZYCKA.
Urszula was the mother of Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski - the husband of BRYGIDA BARDZKA
[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770]
- see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn Bardzki of Wrzesnia, died in 1793, and
Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and
Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
1. Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770

{in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness in 1798 was Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ},

and 2.
Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

3. Marianna Krystyna;
4.
and son Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski b. 1670, d. in Pawlowice in 1721, in 1693 official in KCYNIA; 1717 governor of Przemet.


MYCIELSKI - BARDZKI:

Andrzej Bardzki Colonel, 1730-1819 was the friend of ERAZM MYCIELSKI, acc. to my research.

On February 19, 1796, Erazm Mycielski went with Dabrowski from Warsaw to Berlin to discuss with French representatives, A. B. Caillard, and with P. Parandier, the project of establishing Polish military formations with the help of France. In Berlin, Erazm also was the representative of the Central Assembly of Warsaw.
After the arrest of members in April 1796, Mycielski destroyed the papers; then
he played a major role in the creation of a new secret organization - instructions were sent from Paris;
a proclamation of General Franciszek Rymkiewicz was calling for the unification of patriotic efforts.

Erazm Mycielski set up the secret congress in Warsaw in September / Oct. 1796. He also contacted General Karol Kniaziewicz. The Society was preparing in 1797-1799 and an armed uprising in the country based on France;
Erazm Mycielski visited the Great Poland, Kujawy, Leczyca, and Sieradz to expand the network of secret relationships, and organized an interviews. In February 1799 "he had more than two hundred people in the Great Poland".
He wrote about it to his friend Bardzki on 14 October 1799, that "... silence seem to dominate and that all hopes have gone up in smoke."
Erazm Mycielski died on February 28, 1800 in Kalisz.
Erazm left his wife Ludwika Bardzka [born ca 1760/1770; maybe the daughter of ANDRZEJ BARDZKI], perhaps of Mieleszyn - Kobierzyck origin, whom he married after the dispensation of the archbishop.
The widow remarried to Hilary Radzik in KALISZ.

Above HILARY RADZIK:

In Kuchary in 1811, Kazimiera Konstancja was born, daughter of Andrzej Milkowski and Marcjanna Pruski; with figures: Jakub Bilski + Konstancja Ryjska of Radzikow; assesor Hilary Radzik; Juljanna Milkowska the sister of Józef Milkowski; Prowidencja Radzikówna.

In Kuchary in 1812: Jakub Bielski the owner of Sliwnik and Juljanna Milkowska, the daughter of the owners of Macewo.

Kotlów in 1795:
Lazarz Adam Teofil, b. 1794, son of Stanislaw Wiesiolowski and Honorata Kielczewski; godparents: Adam Czernik of the Odolanow county, and Józefata Czernik Pracka.

Hilary Radzik the owner of Kaliszkowice Kaliskie, m. 1st to
Józefa Szelinska Karsznicka the owner of Chlewo.

There was a Franciscan monastery in Kalisz;
The monastery was owned by the Commission of Religious Affairs of the Kingdom of Poland. Others post-monastery buildings went through various fates after 1805. We also know that the property was bought by an city councilman Hilary Radzik from the commission and he continues to trade on them.

Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski

{see on
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Józef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847
[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

PETRONELA Kiedrzynska m. in 1791 to MELCHIOR Pradzynski who was born in Mrowino, the Greater Poland Province in 1753 and died in 1797.

Melchior Pradzynski was the son of Antoni Pradzynski b. 1710, and Marianna Czaplicka.
Melchior's brother was named Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army.

Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. mentioned Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - it was her second marriage ca 1825}

with the son Andrzej Pradzynski 1794-1872
{born in KOWALEW / Kowalewo close to Pleszew, and 5 km east to ORPISZEWEK; close to Lutynia, Fabianow and KOTLIN. Died in 1872 in Zerkowo / ZERKOW close to Nowe Miasto by the WARTA river, and north to Jarocin, north-west to PLESZEW}.


BORZECKI:

Jan Borzecki, died before 1686, + Zofia Roznowski, d. before 1718, had sons:
Wladyslaw;
Jakub;
and daughter Regina m. in Gebice in 1715 to Jan Gintowt.
Above Wladyslaw in 1686 an official in Policko; m. Zofia Jablkowski, the daughter of Mikolaj and Elzbieta Radecki.
Wladyslaw bought in 1721 Debnie until 1736.
Above Jakub BORZECKI, son of named Jan, in 1702 married to Marianna Bardzka, the daughter of Piotr BARDZKI and Urszula Mlodziejowski, widoved after 1st husband Eliasz Birszynski.
Jakub had in 1705 Wegierki, from hands of Andrzej Roznowski.
In 1711-14 he took Dzierzazna (near Gebice).
Marianna Borzecka nee Bardzka was living before 1737 - close to Konin.
Jakub d. before 1740. His daughter Zofia in 1737 was a wife of Józef Jablkowski.
Jakub's sons:
Wojciech Józef;
and Jan Augustyn Borzecki,
Józef Jan, b. 1705 in Gozdowo.
Inf. about Wojciech Józef and Jan Augustyn in 1737 in Gebice; inf. in 1739. Wojciech Józef, the owner of Grotowy Wielkie and Male; Kleparz; Grzybowo; Stawie, inherited from BARDZKI;
he sold above estates in 1774 to General Pawel Józef Malachowski. He lived before 1777.

Faustyna Sulimierska born ca 1799, in Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki, the owner of Janowice, close to SZADEK, inf. 1840, born 1797 - Iwanowice.
Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki -
his parents:
Andrzej Bardzki COLONEL, 1730-1819 and Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska b. ca 1750;
the grandparents:
Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739 {see below !}; Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745; Stanislaw Krzyzanowski b. ca 1720; Dorota Bystram.

Note to [see WOLA WIAZOWA and Kiedrzynski] Marianna Bardzka:

Antoni Pradzynski married Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.

Józef Czaplicki b. ca 1690, d. before 1768, m. in 1761 in Komorniki, to named Marianna Bardzka, d. after 1768, 1 voto Antoni Pradzynski; the daughter of
Kazimierz BARDZKI and Teresa Bogucki;
Marianna's son: Witalis Czaplicki.

In POZNAN:
1783, an agreement after Stanislaw Bardzki death, written in Poznan in 1783, between Marianna Bardzka [the daughter of Kazimierz Bardzki and Teresa Bardzki Bogucki], a formerly married sister; and Wojciech Goliszewski, married close relatives of his father and mother;
Jan and Stanislaw Kostek; Antonina; Maurycy Bialkowski, of the Kalisz family; and sisters of the Pradzynskis of the deceased Marianna (sic!) nee Bardzki; mentioned Stanislaw Bardzki;
above MARIANNA - Antoni Pradzynski in the first marriage, and in the second, Józef Czaplicki's wife - in the first marriage were sons and daughters.
Vitalis Czaplicki also signed the contract. Marianna Bardzki and Józef Czaplicki from the second marriage; son Pradzynski; Antonina Bialkowska; Maurycy Bialkowski and Ludwika Pradzynska, under the care of Marcin Pradzynski; Maurycy Bialkowski as a plenipotentiary.

Stanislaw Bardzki left the estate under his wife, Jadwiga Skoroszewska Bardzka.
She was the second wife of Józef Krzyzanowski, and then the estate was occupied by Jan PRADZYNSKI and Stanislaw Pradzynski.
Stanislaw Bardzki share the estate. On the other hand, Mrs. Goliszewska, took everything from Bardzki's fortune.
She blesses Pradzynski nephews, who were obliged to pay in 1784 10,000 zlotys to Goliszewski's husbands.
The rest of the fortune after Stanislaw Bardzki' death, was taken by Krzyzanowski, and it divided into equal parts between Jan Pradzynski and Stanislaw Pradzynski, and Antonina Pradzynski Bialkowska, Ludwika Pradzynska, Miss; and Witalis Czaplicki.
We learn that Stanislaw Bardzki had two sisters: 1. Marianna Bardzki, 1st to Jakub Wyrzykowski, 2nd to Wojciech Targowski, 3rd to Wojciech Goliszewski;
and 2. Marianna (sic!) 1st to Antoni Pradzynski and the second wife of Józef Czaplicki.
The successors of these two sisters to divide the estate of Stanislaw Bardzki, with JADWIGA Skoroszewska BARDZKA, 1st married Stanislaw Bardzki; 2nd to Józef Krzyzanowski, wife.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.

Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770 was the brother to Stanislaw Bardzki born 1697;
his sister Marianna Bardzka, 1707-1729;
elder brother Maciej Bardzki b. 1685;
next brothers and sister:
Andrzej Bardzki, died in 1726;
Pawel Bardzki d. 1739 {see below};
Antoni Bardzki d. 1738;
Kazimierz Bardzki d. 1738;
Katarzyna Bardzka died in 1742.

Wojciech Marek BARDZKI had parents:
Jan Bardzki died in 1724 + mother Helena Milaczewska d. 1724.

Above named
Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739 + in 1732 to Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745,
with the son
Colonel ANDRZEJ BARDZKI, 1730-1819 {note - Erasmus Mycielski !} + Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska
with son
Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki b. 1797 + Faustyna Sulimierska,
with children:
Józef Bardzki b. 1824; Kamilla Seweria Ignacja Bardzka; Kandyd Brunon Franciszek Bardzki; Romana Bardzka; Maksymilian Edward Bardzki.

Brygida Bardzka Walknowska + JAKUB Kiedrzynski had two daughters:
1.
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770 / 1772-1811 or
Julianna Kiedrzynska

{she was married in Sobotka - south-west to KROSNIEWICE, in 1798, to Jan Arnold b. 1751 - died in 1840 in Pietrzykowo [north to Szczecinek - the Arnolds had a home in PLOCK in 1824];
the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811;
he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw [north to GOLENIOW]; he was 3rd married in 1813 in LISKOW

(17 km west to WILCZKOW - see the place of birth to named above Kiedrzynski Jakub - south to MADALIN, 8 km south-west to BEDZIECHOW of Kiedrzynski; 17 west-south-west to GLUCHOW ! and north-west to WRONIAWY),

with a son ARNOLD, 1814-1885,
and a granddaughter 1845-1935 married in 1867 in OSZCZEKLIN to WOLOWSKI

(to Marian Józef Edward Wolowski 1838 - 1909
the son of Ksawery WOLOWSKI

[b. Dec. 1792 - Warsaw, d. 1867 - Oszczeklin; studied in Warsaw, married Agnieszka Basinska. see: Mikolaj Basinski, inf. in 1844 in Kalisz and in 1839 in SZADEK.
Mentioned OSZCZEKLIN:
ca 1790, it bought Stanislaw Potocki. In 1854 Oszczeklin was owned by Ksawery Wolowski [with new village Ksawerow]. 1866 the estate took his son Marian Wolowski b. 1838, with ca 1875 Marianowo and Agnieszkowo. Marian Wolowski in 1863 was the insurgent. In 1909 died Stanislaw the son of named Marian;
Marian Wolowski died also in 1909, buried in Rajsk.
Oszczeklin belonged to Maria, the daughter of Marian Wolowski. Maria married Wincenty Górski who bought the estate in 1899 from hands of Konrad Arnold. Oszczeklin belonged to ARNOLD in 1895. Wincenty Górski died in 1931.
Compare:
1. Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint; that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863.
Mentioned Adam Ernest Wolowski born ca 1798 was the son of Adam Zachariasz Wolowski, 1770 - before 1833, who was married in 1795, Warszawa, to Teresa Zalewska, 1777 - 1855; they had daughter Emilia Teofila Zalewska (born Wolowska), and the son Adam Ernest WOLOWSKI, 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska 1796-1863.
2. Adam Alfons Wolowski, 1799 - 1861 - Warszawa,
parents: Ludwik WOLOWSKI, b. ca 1764 - died in 1832 in Warsaw, and Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. ca 1771 - d. 1837 - Warszawa.
Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. 1770/1771, was the daughter of Józef LANCKORONSKI and Klara.
LUDWIK WOLOWSKI m. in 1786, Warszawa.
3.
In 1824 - 1827, Jan Toczyski [heir of property] filed a lawsuit against Jozef Wolowski and Israel Wassertzug [tenants] about income tax and about payment for Russian military. Named Jan Toczyski b. ca 1760, died in 1837, was the son of Kazimierz TOCZYSKI and Domicela Bielska. Jan died in Rokitno, close to BLONIE, 14 km north-west of OTREBUSY, and 28 km east to GUZOW of OGINSKI ! Jan Toczyski married in ca 1780 to Anna Krystyna Szymanowska 1765-1845, daughter of Dyzma Szymanowski 1719-1784. Relatives of Stefania Helena Nepomucena Toczyska from Oltarzew in 1800. His father: Kazimierz Toczyski, b. ca 1740.
4.
In 1771, Kaski belongs to Maciej Szymanowski, since 1773-1775 the Commonwealth gave Kaski to him in 50 years possession. After the partitions of Poland, Kaski was in the Prussian partition and the Kaski was transferred to the Prussian general - Brul. After the Napoleonic wars, the land became a part of the Duchy of Warsaw;
At that time, the Napoleonic officer was in charge - Blociszewski.
After the fall of the Duchy of Warsaw, these lands came under Russian rule. Emperor Alexander I gave it to Franciszek Wolowski, inf. also in 1828.
Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law). Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother [1st wife of Franciszek WOLOWSKI ?] - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski [Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 m. Ewa Mecinska, and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski].
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins: Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer; children remained with Maria after her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce. Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born in 1779 in KASKI, were brothers - acc. to me.
5.
Ksawery Jan Teodor KRYSINSKI (born 1825), who married Amelia Maria Wolowska (1832-?), daughter of Franciszek Wolowski and Justyna Julianna Niesiolowska [2nd wife of named above FRANCISZEK WOLOWSKI ?]; KSAWERY'S daughter was poet Maria Anastazja Wincentyna Krysinska (1857 in Warsaw - died in PARIS, 1908) / Marie Anastasie, in Paris studied harmony and composition at the Conservatoire Music, became the active member of the literary circles of the Hydropaths, the Zutists, the "Hirsutes" and the "Jemenfoutistes"]

and Agnieszka Basinska Wolowski b. 1809 in LASK, died in OSZCZEKLIN in 1897, south-west to WRONIAWY and LISKOW),

with two great-granddaughters:
Seweryna Józefa Maria Wolowska 1869-1949 (m. Walenty Hieronim Julian Kamocki in ca 1885), and
Wanda Edwardina Wolowska b. 1870 (m. Wincenty Jacenty Beniamin Górski).

Julianna Kiedrzynska, was married in Sobotka - south-west to KROSNIEWICE, in 1798, to Jan Arnold b. 1751 - died in 1840 in Pietrzykowo. Witness in 1798, Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ [relatives to the Kiedrzynskis]. Her son Mateusz Arnold was studied in Warsaw in 1823, b. 1804, m. Józefa Ilowiecka with grandson Julian Pius Ludwik Arnold b. 1840.

2.
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

Note:
Rozalia Marianna Józefa Trzcinska b. 1786 in Trzcinica - godmother was Marjanna Trzcinski Szembek of Inflanty - m. Mikolaj Pradzynski, b. ca 1785,
with a daughter
Emilia Pradzynska (b. ca 1810), married in 1839 in Blizanów north to Kalisz - 18 km east to PLESZEW, to Wladyslaw Górski - his 2nd wife was Scholastyka Elsner b. 1836 in Jeziórko, 9 km north-east to TUREK.

In POZNAN:

1783, Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski;

in 1674 Stanislaw Pradzynski, the son of Stanislaw Pradzynski senior, save the amount of money to Anna Chlapowski, the daughter of Wladyslaw Chlapowski + Jadwiga Zadorska.

In 1710 in Poznan Wladyslaw Pradzynski died - son of Stanislaw Pradzynski;

in 1759 Antoni Pradzynski agreeing on financial matters with Franciszka Szoldrska, of Inowroclaw; and with Anna Dzialynska, of KALISZ;
it concerns Wroniawy
[see also on Arnold and Kiedrzynski], Marianna Bronikowski and Wladyslaw Pradzynski.

In 1779 in Pyzdry, Stanislaw Kostka Grzymala Pradzynski the son of Antoni Pradzynski + Marianna Bardzka; named Kostka save the amount of money to his uncle - Stanislaw Bardzki of Wrzesnia -
on the Niepruszewo estate, 30 km west to Poznan.


The Kiedrzynski - Pradzynski line:

This is the Kiedzynski family line from Wola Wiazowa in the 19th cent. [in the 2nd half of the 20th cent. it's the author's family], affinity with the Pradzynski home, also in Wilkowo Polskie under the Prussian border in the 18th-19th centuries, and near to KALISZ in the 18th century, close to OPOCZNO in the 20th century, and in Wola Pszczolecka [compare: Sulimierski from LUBIEC {guerrilla of 1833}, Soltyk {note on 1831 November Uprising}, Walewski from Jedlno and Wieruszow, Kalinowski-Oginski- Ronne-Trubecki branch + Mielzynski-Bninski-Fiszer line of CHOBIENICE-KROTOSZYN-Gorzdy/Gargzdai].

Strong political ties connected them with {Freemasonry and the fight for independent Poland - Kosciuszko-Fiszer-General Franciszek Paszkowski + Armand-Konstantynowicz-Japaridze in Moscow + Duflon-Breguet} the independence conspiracy linked to Erasmus Mycielski / ERAZM Mycielski, Ignacy Pradzynski, Kalasanty Szaniawski, and thus indirectly with General Fraciszek Paszkowski [+ Horodyski, Maleszewski, Venture, Breguet, Neyman and the TEMPLARS], General Tadeusz Kosciuszko [see Jefferson and Illuminati movement], and through the family of BREZA to General Stanislaw Fiszer and his wife Fiszer - Kwilecka.


The MYCIELSKI family and the Polish secret independence organizations:

Stanislaw Mycielski born on November 9, 1767 in Nowa Wies near Wronki, died on February 3, 1813 in Poznan;
Polish independence activist, colonel of the Napoleonic army.
Mycielski Stanislaw was the younger son of Józef, official in Inowroclaw, and Franciszka Kozminska;
He took his initial studies in Gostyn, then he studied in Paris.
During the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794 STANISLA MYCIELSKI was a member of the administrative commission of the Poznan province, but the Prussian authorities after the fall of the insurrection found him innocent. He continued the struggle for independence after the Third Partition in 1795, and maintained contact with General Stanislaw Fiszer [compare: General Tadeusz Kosciuszko; Jefferson; General Franciszek Paszkowski; Wirydianna Fiszer].
In November 1806, General Jan Henryk Dabrowski sent a special letter to STANISLAW Mycielski, calling for him to undertake a propaganda campaign in Poznan for Napoleon and France.
Stanislaw Mycielski died during the smallpox epidemic; due to his medical education, he tried to help his peasants using the Jenner vaccination. Edward Jenner (born on May 17, 1749 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, died on January 26, 1823) - English physician, discoverer of smallpox immunization. See BECU in Scotland!
STANISLAW's MYCIELSKI wife, Anna Mielzynski (died on March 1, 1840), previously divorced Bonawentura Gajewski b. ca 1760

[BONAWENTURA's father - Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski b. 1714, d. 1775 + Tworzyanska.
RAFAL's GAJEWSKI 2nd wife was JOZEFA MIELZYNSKA (see below on Jozefa MIELZYNSKI)],

also participated in the pro-Polish and pro-Napoleonic activities

[1767-1840;
the daughter of
Maciej Mielzynski 1733-ca 1793 and Seweryna LIPSKA

{MACIEJ's son - Prokop Mielzynski 1763-1800 + Css Katarzyna Mielzynska 1775-1817

[[KATARZYNA's parents:
Count Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799 + Konstancja Hutten-Czapska 1749-1813.
KATARZYNA's grandparents:
Andrzej Mielzynski official in Kcynia, 1698-1771; Anna Petronela Bninska 1720-1771; Jakub Hutten-Czapski; Rozalia Ewa Hutten-Czapska, 1715-1769.

KATARZYNA's daughter -
Konstancja Mielzynska 1799-1844 + Count Maciej Mielzynski - insurgent in 1831]]};

the granddaughter of
Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski 1682-1738 + Krystyna Skalawska 1690-1762;
the great-granddaughter of
Maciej Mielzynski (1636-1697) - official in Srem.

Mielzynski Maciej (1636-1697), of SREM; the son of Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI and Elzbieta Niegolewski.
MACIEJ was born in Niegolewo, MP in 1659; in 1660 official in KCYNIA].

Stanislaw and Anna Mielzynski Gajewska, had 6 children:
Franciszek, Michal, Ludwik and Józef;
daughters Konstancja Wiktoria (wife of Józef Breza) and Seweryna (wife of Józef Sokolnicki).


Note to Jozefa Mielzynska GAJEWSKA:

STANISLAW's MYCIELSKI wife, Anna Mielzynski (died on March 1, 1840), previously divorced Bonawentura Gajewski b. ca 1760.
BONAWENTURA's father - Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski b. 1714, d. 1775 + Tworzyanska.
RAFAL's GAJEWSKI 2nd wife was JOZEFA MIELZYNSKA.


Note to MIELZYNSKI:
Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and TERESA had sons:

1. Krzysztof Mielzynski,

[governor of Przemet (1717-1721), the official in Kcynia (1693), 1670-1721, with son Andrzej Mielzynski, 1698-1771, m. Anna Petronela Bninska 1720-1771, and grandson Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski, b. 1738 - Laszczyn, died in 1799 - Pawlowice, the owner of PAWLOWICE, m. in 1771, Mierzyszyn, to Konstancja Hutten-Czapska, 1749-1813; with daughter Css Katarzyna Mielzynska 1775-1817, m. Prokop Mielzynski, lieutenant (1793), 1763-1800];
2.
Franciszek Mielzynski

[Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, 1682-1738, the owner of CHOBIENICE; with children:

1. daughter
Józefa Mielzynska, ca 1729-1752, m. Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski,
and granddaughter Wiktoria Jakobina Gajewska b. in 1749, m. Jan Józef Kwilecki 1729-1789.
2.
Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI, the owner of CHOBIENICE, governor of Kalisz (1758-1763), Poznan (1763-1782), Kalisz (1782-1786), Poznan (1786-1792), 1729-1792; m. Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska, 1718-1797
{Leon Raczynski, 1698 - died 1750, son of Michal Kazimierz Raczynski, was also the husband of Wirydiana Mielzynska- BNINSKA}.
Compare:
Wiridianna / Wiridiana Radolinska - her grandparents:
Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa, 1680-1740; Teresa Swinarska 1700-1771; Leon Raczynski 1698-1755; Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska 1718-1797 {she was married twice};
her parents: Józef Stanislaw Radolinski of Wschowa 1730-1781; Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792.

Wiridianna Radolinska, 1761-1826, m. 1st in ca 1780 to Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, chamberlein of the King, b. 1764 son of Franciszek Antoni Kwilecki 1725-1794 and Teresa Agnieszka Sczaniecka 1740-1807; Wiridianna Radolinska 1761-1826 m. 2nd in 1806 to General Stanislaw Fiszer 1759-1812, son of Karol Ludwik Fiszer, General Major, 1730-1783 + Joanna Luiza Elzbieta von Luck 1738-1788.

Wirydianna Fiszerowa / Fiszer / Wirydianna Radolinska, Kwilecka b. in Wyszyny, d. in Dzialyn in 1826 (Dzialyn - a village in the administrative district of Klecko, in west-central Poland, at way from Klecko to Gniezno); she known Frederick II of Prussia, Izabela Czartoryska, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Józef Poniatowski, Jan Henryk Dabrowski, and Tadeusz Kosciuszko; her sisters: Katarzyna b. 1762, and Antonina b. 1770.
Chobienice appear for the first time in the diaries of Wirydianna due to the changes in the live of her family after the Prussian annexation. The parents decided to move from Lobzenica to Winnogóra, but the kids were send to grandmother. Later, along with her mother and sister, Wirydianna a lot of time spent in Chobienice's mansion; Chobienice belonged at that time to the second husband of grandmother - the governor Joseph / JOZEF Mielzynski
[Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI, the owner of CHOBIENICE, governor of Kalisz (1758-1763), Poznan (1763-1782), Kalisz (1782-1786), Poznan (1786-1792), 1729-1792; m. Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska-Mielzynska-Raczynska, 1718-1797].
His father Franciszek Mielzynski / Francis [Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, 1682-1738, the owner of CHOBIENICE] in the 30s and 40s of the eighteenth century built a new residence by Adam Stier.
When Wirydianna Radolinska-Kwilecka, already the wife of Anthony / Antoni Kwilecki, spent time in Winnogóra, her mother moved to Chobienice.
The construction of classicist palace of Catherine Radolinska [Katarzyna Raczynska-RADOLINSKA, 1744-1792; Katarzyna born Raczynska in 1744, to Leon Raczynski b. in 1698, and Wirydianna Raczynska-Mielzynska-Bninska b. in 1718. Katarzyna had sister Estera; Katarzyna married Józef Radolinski] began in 1786-1788, by Jan Chrystian Kamsetzer, under the direction of Antoni Höhne.
In 1793, Wirydianna Radolinska-Kwilecka moved to Chobienice, with independence from her husband; after her divorce from first husband Wirydianna left with two children and settled in Warsaw. It was there that she met General Stanislaw Fiszer, to whom she married in 1806.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764?-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Józef Stefan Radolinski lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski). Józef Stefan had 7 children: youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanislaw was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanislaw married to Katarzyna Raczynska (see Kiedrzynski).

Józef Stanislaw Radolinski born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuly County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer-Kwilecka (see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolinska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.

3.
MACIEJ Mielzynski, 1733 - 1793, the owner of CHOBIENICE],

and daughters of Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and TERESA:
Zofia Anna m. Adam Kozminski, official in Kalisz;
Ludwika MIELZYNSKA, 1st married Rafal Tworzyjanski, official in Wschowa, 2nd to Adam Poninski;
Franciszka, m. Andrzej Zakrzewski.

Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and Katarzyna MYCIELSKA GORZYCKA MIELZYNSKA

{MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki}

had children:
1.
Elzbieta, m. Franciszek Wessel, official in Zakroczym;
2.
Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{Urszula Wierusz-Walknowska MIELZYNSKA, died in 1743;
URSZULA Walknowska Mielzynska was the half-sister of ANNA GORZYCKA.
Urszula was the mother of Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski - the husband of BRYGIDA BARDZKA

[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770]

- see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.
On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn Bardzki of Wrzesnia, died in 1793, and
Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and
Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770 {in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ},
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA! - the family of the author to this domain].
3.
Marianna Krystyna;
4.
and son Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski b. 1670, d. in Pawlowice in 1721, in 1693 official in KCYNIA; 1717 governor of Przemet.

Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski born before 1670 in Dabrowa (Kaisersfelde), close to Mogilno - west to RADZIEJOW. He was the son of
Maciej Mielzynski, born in 1636 in Niegolewo west to Poznan, close to Opalenica; d. 1697 in Goscieszyn near Wolsztyn (Wollstein).
Married in 1667 to Elzbieta Baranowska - she died in 1682.
Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI married in 1682 to Anna Goszycka / Gorzycka - she died in 1733, the daughter of Andrzej Goszycki / GORZYCKI and KATARZYNA MYCIELSKA, d. 1712.
MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska Gorzycka, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki or Andrzej Gorzycki.
Krzysztof had the son Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski, 1698-1771; born in 1698 - Goscieszyn close to - Wolsztyn (Wollstein); 9 km south-east to WOLSZTYN,
8 km north-east to WRONIAWY; north-west to PRZEMET; 18 km north-west to WILKOWO POLSKIE of Kiedrzyski-Zamoyski family. See Pradzynski-Kiedrzynski line. Compare Wola Wiazowa.
Andrzej Mielzynski d. 1771 in Pawlowice. Married in 1734 to Anna Petronella Bninska, b. before 1720 in GLOGOW - d. 1770, the daughter of Stanislaw Bninski + JOANNA Krzycka.
Andrzej's son -
Maksymilian Antoni Mielzynski, 1738-1799,
born in Laszczyn - Cieladz [close to RAWA MAZOWIECKA]; d. in Pawlowice. Married in 1771 in Mierzeszyn (Meisterswalde) close to Trabki Wielkie, the Gdansk Pomeranie, to Konstancja Czapska, 1749-1813. Her daughter:
Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia Mielzynski, b. in 1775 in Rabin (Rombin), close to Koscian; d. 1817 in the Chobienice - Siedlec estate near Wolsztyn, and the PRUSSIAN border.
Married in 1793 in Pawlowice (Pawlowitz) to Prokop Rufin Jozef Mielzynski, 1763-1800, the son of Hipolit Maciej Jozef Mielzynski 1733-1797 + Seweryna Lipska d. 1801, with daughter
Gabriela Maria Konstancja Józefa Mielzynski POTULICKA OGINSKA, b. 1798 in Kotowo - Granowo, close to Grodzisk Wielkopolski and south-west to Poznan; d. 1822 in Nice, France.

Olga Kalinowska born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus, in 1844, and her son Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849.
She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with a princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki
[compare above mentioned MIELZYNSKI of PAWLOWICE and WOLSZTYN].


We back to MYCIELSKI:

Stanislaw's MYCIELSKI father - JOZEF MYCIELSKI, 1733-1789, born in Leszno, d. in Breslau / Wroclaw,
General lieutenant in 1761, commander of the 1st Lithuanian Division, general-adjutant in 1755, official in Inowroclaw in 1784-1789, in Konin in 1756.

Jozef was the son of Maciej Mycielski and Weronika Konarzewski, d. 1762.
Jozef Mycielski was the deputy of the Starodub county to Parliament in 1754, of Kalisz in 1761. On May 7, 1764, in Poznan, he signed a manifesto recognizing the presence of Russian troops as illegal during king's election.

JOZEF's father - Maciej Mycielski b. 1690, died 1747 in Szubin, official in Poznan in 1737-1747, in KALISZ in 1732-1737; the son of
Adam Jan Mycielski born in 1663,
and
grandson of MIKOLAJ Mycielski d. 1686.

MIKOLAJ MYCIELSKI was the brother of Katarzyna Radolinska (wife of ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI) and Krzysztof Mycielski

(Krzysztof was the father of Andrzej Mycielski ca 1650-1707, official in KALISZ

[Andrzej Mycielski was the father of Józef Mycielski; Teresa Skoroszewska; Krzysztof Maksymilian Mycielski; Stanislaw Adam Mycielski; Jan Ignacy Mycielski b. after 1690 / in 1696 - died in 1790

(Jan MYCIELSKI, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski had the son
Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy;
and grandson, Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794)];

and Krzysztof was the father of Katarzyna Mielzynska and Zofia Miaskowska).

MACIEJ Mycielski b. ca 1690
was the brother of Zofia Mycielska and Katarzyna Lacka
{compare: Jan MYCIELSKI / John Mycielski, a lieutenant of the royal army, m. Domicella Horodynski. Jan was the grandfather of famous mason and conspirator ERAZM - Erasmus Mycielski}.
MACIEJ Mycielski ca 1715 married Weronika Konarzewska (1699-1762), from Konin. In 1715 he secured her dowry and wrote down a mutual life sentence with her. As the last of her family, she brought great possessions to her husband and brother. Maciej owned Szamotuly and Gostyn in the Poznan province, Szubin south-west to Bydgoszcz, and Tuliszków north-west to TUREK, in the Kalisz province; Hrynki in the Nowogródek prov. and Kulikowicze in Volhynia / Wolyn. He died in Szubin, he was buried in Gostyn.

The conspiracy created in May 1793 reached the roots to the Freemasonry organization and of the club of the "Society of Friends of the Constitution of May 3". A part of the Masons stood in a moderate, liberal position - the preservation of the monarchy with King Stanislaw August and the implementation of the Constitution of May 3. Among the moderate activists of the conspiracy found themselves:
Ignacy Dzialynski, Andrzej Kapostas, Michal Kochanowski, Alexander Linowski, Stanislaw Woyczynski, Ludwik Gutakowski, Antoni Bazyli Dzieduszycki, Kazimierz Nestor Sapiecha.
To the second group belonged radical activists of conspiracy, among whom we find Freemasons as:
Eliasz Aloe, Piotr Grosmani, Joachim Muszynski,
Erazm Mycielski,
Józef Herman Pawlikowski, Stanislaw Wegrzecki i Wojciech Boguslawski.
The Warsaw leftists, the activists of the conspiracy founded on April 21, 1794, the Jacobin club.
On January 1, 1808, the "Brothers of the United France and Poles" camp was established in Poznan.
The lodge in 1814 had 233 brothers. The master was Gen. Wincenty Axamitowski, and also, for some time, Prince Józef Poniatowski.
Axamitowski was a military commander of Poznan. Among the brothers were:
Col. Stanislaw Mycielski,
prefect of the department Józef Poninski,
president of Poznan Bernard Rose,
count Kacper Skarbek,
general Jan Henryk Dabrowski,
general Kazimierz Turno,
general Antoni "Amilkar" Kosinski,
count Aleksander Bninski,
count Melchior Lacki and others.


General Stanislaw Fiszer:
General Tadeusz Kosciuszko showed to him Wirydianna Kwilecka, nee Radolinska; then he traveled to Italy, England, Holland and Germany, where in the local libraries studied the works of the military. The summer of 1802 - visited Warsaw and met Jozef Poniatowski.
Stanislaw FISZER settled then in the Great Poland, where Mycielski gave him the property.
Fiszer lived in Koninko in 1803 - 17 km south-east to POZNAN.
In 1775 in the Koninko estate, divided a land, after the death in 1774 of Gorecki; witnesses: General Jan Zakrzewski and Teresa Gorecki - the spouses; Teresa was widowed after 1st husband General Józef Gorecki; General Jan Zakrzewski and Teresa Gorecki Zakrzewska were the heirs of the deceased already Wojciech Dzierzbinski.

The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and General Tadeusz Kosciuszko in Paris.
The main activists were:
Jan Orchowski / John Aloysius Orchowski,
Raymond Rembielinski [see Wiktor Rembielinski],
Andrzej HORODYSKI / Andrew Horodyski and
Erazm Mycielski / Erasmus Mycielski.

The Polish-French lodge "Les Freres Francais et Polonais reunis", at first was presided over by Stanislaw Mycielski, then by Gen. Wincenty Axamitowski.

In October 1810 in Poznan, a female lodge "Eden Garden" was created; The Grand Master was the wife of General Jan Henryk Dabrowski - Barbara Chlapowska DABROWSKA.

Les Freres Anglais et Français Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski.
On January 1, 1808, the "Brothers of the United France and Poles" camp was established in Poznan.
Members:
Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski,
Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek,
Wiktor Szoldrski,
General Henryk Dabrowski,
General Amilkar Kosinski,
Count Aleksander Bninski,
Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki.
In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and Jozef Poniatowski;
others members of the Freemasonry:
Barbara Dabrowska, Julianna Poninska, Karolina Palombini, Jaraczewska, Wincentyna Axamitowska, Eufemia Kwasniewska, Sulkowska, and Augustyna Zablocka;
Lasocki in Lomza,
General Kretkowski in Leczyca,
Plichta in Plock,
Franciszek Mickiewicz,
General Stanislaw Mielzynski,
Maximilian and Adam Moszczenski.


ANDRZEJ HORODYSKI in 1802,
became a shareholder of the Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp. - commercial house, which was also opened in Odessa, to which they also received:
P. Maleszewski
[see Venture de Paradise / Sulkowski / Napoleon, and Breguet - Duflon in Russia + Konstantynowicz, Nobel, Armand],
J. K. Szaniawski
[he come from area of Wieruszow and J. K. Szaniawski was the family of Erazm Mycielski. General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski approached Gen. Dabrowski's opponents - he became friend with Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski and Andrzej Horodyski, with whom he was later considered, at the time of the Duchy of Warsaw, as one of the leaders of "Polish Jacobins"]
and J. Drzewiecki
[see DUFLON in St. Petersburg co-operated with DRZEWIECKI - his family. Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company financed Lenin's activities through a wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz, ie. Anna Konstantynowicz nee ARMAND - she come from Maria Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. Anna was the best friend of Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin].


ERAZM MYCIELSKI:

Jan MYCIELSKI, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski with the son
Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy;
and grandson, Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794.

Above JAN = Jan Ignacy Mycielski b. after 1690 / in 1696-1790, the son of
Andrzej Mycielski ca 1650-1707 official in KALISZ;
grandson of Krzysztof Mycielski.

Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794, son of Aleksander Mycielski General; 1775 served the Regiment of Poninski. Captain 1788. Campaigns in 1792 in Lithuania.
The Kosciuszko Uprising 1794. He was a member of the conspiracy, preparing the uprising of Kosciuszko; promoted by Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
He was one of the founders of the Polish Society (1798). He was involved in the conspiracy in the Great Poland.

Above Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy. Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818,
was son of Jan MYCIELSKI / John Mycielski, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski.
JAN was a friend of Joseph Alexander Sulkowski.

Above Aleksander Józef Sulkowski, 1695 - 1762,
in 1733-1738 the Saxon Electorate prime minister, Count and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, chamberlain of Augustus III, 1734 Saxon Infantry Major General, grew up at the royal court, was the closest adviser the King and Elector Augustus III. Prince Alexander Joseph died in Leszno in 1762, had a four sons from his first marriage.

Mycielski Erazm alias ERASMUS (1769-1800) - after the fall of the uprising in 1794, Erazm found support in his father's Wyszki estate close to Pleszew, and in neighboring Magnuszewice / Magnuszowice, close to the sister Ludwika Mycielski married to Idzi Moskorzewski.
Erazm Mycielski did not abandon underground work [the winter 1794/1795] and already in the early spring of 1795 he managed the Greater Poland organization, which developed among others relationship in Kalisz [see the Kiedrzynskis].
Erazm Mycielski was a supporter of the Deputation, he was under influence of Dionizy Mniewski, Franciszek Ksawery Dmochowski and Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski, but he did not share their stand to Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
Erazm in the Great Poland was in contact with the military conspiracy of J. H. Dabrowski in Warsaw; he was at first one of DABROWSKI's courier.
On February 19, 1796, Erazm Mycielski went with Dabrowski from Warsaw to Berlin to discuss with French representatives, A. B. Caillard, and with P. Parandier, the project of establishing Polish military formations with the help of France. In Berlin, Erazm also was the representative of the Central Assembly in Warsaw.
After the arrest of members in April 1796, Mycielski destroyed the papers; then he played a major role in the creation of a new secret organization - instructions were sent from Paris; a proclamation of General Franciszek Rymkiewicz was calling for the unification of patriotic efforts.
Erazm Mycielski set up the secret congress in Warsaw in September / Oct. 1796. He also contacted General Karol Kniaziewicz.
The Society was preparing in 1797-1799 an armed uprising in the country based on France; Erazm Mycielski visited the Great Poland, Kujawy, Leczyca, and Sieradz to expand the network of secret relationships, and organized an interviews. In February 1799 "he had more than two hundred people in the Great Poland".
He wrote about it to his friend Bardzki on 14 October 1799, that "... silence seem to dominate and that all hopes have gone up in smoke."
Erazm Mycielski died on February 28, 1800 in Kalisz.
Erazm left his wife Ludwika Bardzka [born ca 1760/1770], perhaps of Mieleszyn - Kobierzyck origin, whom he married after the dispensation of the archbishop.
The widow remarried to Hilary Radzik in KALISZ.

Erazm's Mycielski sister in Magnuszewice / Magnuszowice, Ludwika Mycielski married to Idzi Moskorzewski. After the divorce with Idzi Moskorzewski, named Ludwika Moskorzewska Mycielska was married Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski.

The RADZIWILL - Mycielski branch:

Anna Luiza Mycielska born in 1729, was the daughter of
Weronika KONARZEWSKA MYCIELSKA and her husband
Maciej Mycielski b. 1690 - d. 1747;
granddaughter of
Adam Jan Mycielski b. 1663, and Anna Tuczynska;
great-granddaughter of
MIKOLAJ Mycielski d. 1686.

Named MIKOLAJ MYCIELSKI was the brother of Katarzyna Radolinska (wife of ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI) and Krzysztof Mycielski.

Named Krzysztof was the father of Andrzej Mycielski ca 1650-1707, official in KALISZ.

Mentioned Anna Luiza Mycielska born 1729 - Lwów, d. 1771 - Drezno, buried in Nieswiez, m. in 1744, Lwów, to Leon Michal Radziwill, 1722-1751; 2nd married in 1754, Lwów, to Michal Kazimierz Radziwill 1702-1762.
Her son with the first husband was Maciej Radziwill, MP, official in Wilno (1790-1795) , + Elzbieta Chodkiewicz.
And her grandson was the conspirator -
Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill 1793-1869,
m. 1st Maria Aleksandra Grabowska 1788-1826; 2nd to Celestyna Celina Sulistrowska 1805-1836; 3rd to Adela Siestrzanek-Karnicka.


Duke Antoni Jablonowski was the Polish conspirator - 1821.

but remember:
Józefa Mycielska b. ca 1720 m. Dymitr Hipolit Aleksander Jablonowski

{the son of Jan Stanislaw Aleksander Jablonowski 1669-1731 - who had also a son
Stanislaw Wincenty Jablonowski 1694-1754
and the grandson ANTONI BARNABA Jablonowski, 1732-1799;
and great-grandson General major Stanislaw Pawel 1762-1822;
the great-great-grandson was Antoni Michal Jablonowski, 1793-1855 + Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech 1798-1863}

and named Dymitr was the official in Swiecie, KOLO, and in Kowel; Dymitr was living in 1706-1788.
Dymitr had the son KAROL 1768-1841, and the daughter Joanna Jablonowska b. 1753.


Named
Antoni Michal Jablonowski - CONSPIRATOR,
the prince in Ostrog, Maryampol and Podkamien; born 1793 in Warsaw - died 1855 in Annopol; member of the Council of State of the Kingdom of Poland, chamberlain of the emperor of the Russian Empire, prince of the Congress Kingdom in 1820; a Polish conspiracy activist to 1826.

Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski and Teodora Walewska were the parents of Antoni.

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jablonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of Michal Walewski

{Michal Walewski 1740 - 1806; the son of Marcin Walewski
(Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733)
and Magdalena Antonina SZEMBEK
[Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, son of Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga; father of Paulina / Paula Oginska; brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and Magdalena Antonina Walewska].
Michal Walewski 1735 or 1740 - 1806, Voivode of Sieradz 1785-1792.
Michal Walewski m. 2nd to Ksawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno, with children:
Teresa Walewska 1776 - 1856 m. Adam Bierzynski,
Karolina Teresa Walewska 1778 - 1846 m. 1st Aleksander Franciszek Chodkiewicz 1776 - 1838, m. 2nd to Aleksander Golicyn 1789 - 1858;
Józef Walewski 1780 - 1813;
Hieronim Jerzy Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Cecylia Potocka 1783 - 1861.
Above named Michal 1735 / 1740 - 1806 m. 3rd to Szczesna Feliksa Kokoszka-Michalowska 1770-1844.
Michal Walewski in 1788-1792 put forward the project of expansion of the Polish army to 100 000 soldiers; the Speaker of the Bar Confederation of Cracow province in 1771. A member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation, with Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
he was the son of Marcin Walewski / Martin (d. 1761) who married 1st to Antonina Magdalene Szembek b. circa 1710, d. 1744, daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.
Marcin Walewski married 2nd to Marcjanna Romer (d. 1761).
Jozefina or Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz}

and Jadwiga

{above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska / Walewski, born 1740 / 1744 to Józef Colonna-Walewski and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska. Józef was born in 1700 / 1710, in Walewice. Jadwiga had brother Anastazy Colonna-Walewski. Jadwiga married Michal Walewski. Michal was born in 1735/1740/1750, officer in Sieradz}.

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jablonowska, died in 1826, the daughter of Michal Walewski, the wife of Stanislaw Potocki and Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski. Mother of Antoni Jablonowski and Stanislaw Potocki - Jablonowski.
Half sister to Teresa Bierzynska; Karolina Teresa Chodkiewicz; Józef Walewski; Hieronim Jerzy Walewski and Wojciech Walewski.

Antoni Jablonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Lukasinski; In 1825, Antoni Jablonowski negotiated with the Decembrists. After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
About 1810 Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech, the daughter of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch. Their daughter Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Korwin-Krasinski, an officer of the November Uprising.


Raymond REMBIELINSKI:

Rajmund Hiacynt Rembielinski, in 1820, the Sejm Marshal in the Kingdom of Poland (September 1774-12, February 1841).

Rajmund Rembielinski (1774/1775-1841) was a Polish political activist, and landowner. Rajmund Rembielinski born in Warsaw, d. in Lomza, president of the Department of Bialystok in Lomza in 1808, in Plock, president of the Masovia Province and MP, the owner among others of Jedwabne and Krosniewice; freemason.
In December 1813 in Plock, in Rembielinski home was staying Aleksander Ist, and again in May 1825.
Jedwabne - city in the Podlasie province, in the Lomza county, in 1736, the owner of the village was Antoni Rostkowski. In 1777, Stanislaw Rembielinski, the cabinet secretary of King Stanislaw August, became the new owner of Jedwabne. At the end of the 18th century, cloth factories were established in Jedwabne. 1795, the city was under Prussian rule, then in 1807 it was the Warsaw Duchy, which in 1815 was transformed into the Kingdom of Poland.
Rajmund Hiacynt Rembielinski the owner of Krosniewice, Jedwabne and Mezenin, was married in 1797 to Agnieszka Helena Opacka. Marriage after twenty years ended with a divorce.
On 8 September 1816 Rembielinski was appointed chairman of the Masovia Province. As a result of the divorce contract, Rembielinski received in the dowry Krosniewice and Mezenin. In 1819 he married Antonina Weltz. She died in 1868 - Poznan, buried in Kazimierz close to Szamotuly.
Antonina Rembielinska nee Weltz, born ca 1800, had 2 sons of the 1st marriage: Eugeniusz Rembielinski and Aleksander. She moved home to the Great Poland in 1841, and married Wincenty Skarzynski. She died in Poznan.
Aleksander - the owner of Krosniewice, and Eugeniusz - was staying in Augsburg.

Named Kazmierz near to Szamotuly, is situated close to Radzyny and Komorowo, Bytyn, Mrowino.

In the summer of 1820, Rajmund Rembielinski was presented to the Administrative Board, his economic plan; in 1821, the Government Commission on Internal Affairs and the Police entrusted Rembielinski with creating cloth settlements in Zgierz, Przedecz close to IZBICA KUJAWSKA, Lodz, Dabie, Gostynin, Leczyca, Gabin, Rawa, Brda and Skierniewice. In 1818 he was a deputy to the Parliament of the Biebrza county,
in 1820 - Marshal of the Parliament and state councilor.

The fate of OPACKI family [see above about Agnieszka Helena Opacka] after the partitions is unknown.
Gabriel Rafal Chryzanty Opacki in 1771 received from his father: Mezenin, Rutki (located in 1760), parts of the villages of Ozar and Ozarka in the Lomza county, Gielczyn south to LOMZA, parts of the villages of Brzostowo-Siestrzanka and Rutkowskie; mansion in Praga; Krosniewice in the province of Leczyca.

MEZENIN:
Gabriel Rafal Chryzanty Opacki the great-great-grandson of Wojciech Opacki, the only son of Stanislaw - patriot, social activist, manager and entrepreneur; Opacki Gabriel Rafal Chryzanty (1741 or 1742-1806), official of Wiski, general major in 1794. Born in Mezinin in a parish of Rutki (close to Lomza), the son of Stanislaw (died 1784), a deputy to the Parlaiment, and his first wife, Konstancja Pelkowska / Pelka ?
In 1759 under the protection of Jan Klemens Branicki, served captain in the army; close to Izabela Poniatowski, sister of King Stanislaw August; 1769 he became a royal chamberlain; managed Bialystok estate;
he had one daughter Agnieszka Helena Konstancja, a well-educated woman who married Rajmund Rembielinski and the estate passed into the hands of the Rembielinski family.
Then it was sold by Eugeniusz Rembielinski to the Jewish hands.

Mezenin - a village in the Zambrow county, close to Rutki.

Krosniewice - a city in the Kutno county, 15 km west of Kutno; 1775 the owner Karol Saryusz Gomolinski receives from King Stanislaw August Poniatowski a privilege for Krosniewice;
1793, the city was occupied by Prussia, later in the Congress Kingdom. Here is the Rembielinski palace and park, and a monument to Prince Józef Poniatowski in 1814; 39 km south-east is IZBICA KUJAWSKA.
Karol Sariusz Gomolinski, 1696-1784 was the son of
Jan GOMOLINSKI and Bielicka.
Karol Sariusz Gomolinski d. 1784 in Krosniewice, a Polish judge, a chamberlain; married ca 1730, Helena Pokrzywnicka, with children:
1. Józefata Gomolinska 1738-1823 + Wladyslaw Skarbek, 2nd to Szymon Dzierzbicki;
2. Franciszka Kunegunda Gertruda Gomolinska;
3. Ignacy Gomolinski, MP, official in Rzeczyca , 1740-1793;
4. Marianna Saryusz-Gomolinska b. ca 1740 - died in 1800, m. Count Chryzanty Gabriel Rafal Opacki MP, Count in 1797, 1741-1806,
with daughter Agnieszka Helena Opacka 1777-1863, m. Rajmund Hiacynt Rembielinski 1775-1841, 2nd to Józef Bechon.
5. Katarzyna Barbara Sariusz-Gomolinska b. 1742.

Compare - GOSTYCZYNA:

Gostyczyna - close to Nowe Skalmierzyce, 3 km to the Prosna river; 10/13 km south of KALISZ and ca 30 km north of BOBROWNIKI by the Prosna river.
Ksawery Pstrokonski / Pstrokonski Franciszek Ksawery 1715 - ca 1783 [his mother Konstancja ZAREMBA died in 1753], m. Agnieszka Nieniewska d. 1776, with 2 daughters: Marianna Pstrokonska, and Wiktoria PSTROKONSKA married Marcin Kiedrzynski, son of Jakub Kiedrzynski and Ewa Gomolinska or Anna Gomolinska [born ca 1680/1700 ?].

Kiedrzynski, Jakub junior, died on 4 Feb. 1798, buried in KALISZ.

Jakub Kiedrzynski - Ostoja, SENIOR, b. 1668, died in 1729.

Interesting reading:
GOMOLINSKI / Gomulinski, JERZY b. ca 1620 ?; m. Anna Lis Starzenska, the daughter of Wojciech, with sons:
1. Marcin Gomolinski, b. ca 1640/1650, inf. 1670 owner of Lubca, Kuznica Lubiecka and part of Wola Pszczólecka; and

2. Mikolaj Gomolinski, died ca 1699, owner of Krzeslów, Kurów, Wypychów, m. Zofia Drozdowska, the daughter of Andrzej Stefan; with Stefan, Marcin, Katarzyna Jelowiecki.

Maybe Ewa Kiedrzynska b. ca 1700, was the daughter of named above Marcin or Mikolaj Gomolinski.

The GLUCHÓW parish and Kiedrzynski:
close to TUREK, to TOKARY and MILEJOW; south-west to DOBRA.

1658 - the godparents: Jan Kazimierz Czynski Colonel, and Teofila Gomolinska.

Jan. 1736 in Wilczków, Antoni Pawel Sebastian Pstrokonski was born, the son of Maciej Pstrokonski and Konstancja Zareba; godparents: Franciszek Potocki of Mikulice, and Bona Zareba of Przespolew.

1738, May in Wilczków, Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski was born, the son of Marcin Kiedrzynski and Wiktoria Pstrokonska; godparents: Maciej Pstrokonski of Wilczkow, and Bona Zareba of Przespolew.

1738, July, Gluchów, here was born Jakub Wawrzyniec Michal Kiedrzynski
[acc. to me JAKUB Kiedrzynski, junior, then official in KALISZ, was the brother of IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI of JEDLNO]
son of Andrzej Kiedrzenski / Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, with godparents: Marcin Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska-Jackowska, of Wilczkow.

1740, January in Gluchow, was born Kacper Maciej son of named above Andrzej Kiedrzenski [Kasper Kiedrzynski son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski] and Franciszka Jackowski; godparents: Tomasz Galczynski the owner of Gluchow, and Konstancja Pstrokonska of Wilczkow.

1741 in Wilczków, Dorota Apolonia Papieski was born; godparents: Andrzej Kiedrzenski of Gluchow, and Katarzyna Papieska of Wilczkow.

In Gluchów, 1741, Marianna, the daughter of named Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowskich; godparents: Stanislaw Papieski of Wilczkow and young Jackowska of Gluchow.

1742 in Wilczków, Stanislaw Papieski junior was born.

1743, bpt. of Dorota Apolonia Kiedrzynska, the daughter of above Andrzej Kiedrzenski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska; the godparents: Mikolaj Napruszewski and his wife Anna.

1747 in Wilczków, godfather Walenty Galczynski and Franciszka Skrzetuska of Wilczkow.

In KALISZ, buried in Church of St. Family:
Gomolinski, Józef, in 1788.
Gorzenski, Jan, in 1692.
Kiedrzynska, Brygilla, on 16 Jan. 1786.
Kiedrzynski, Jakub, junior, died on 4 Feb. 1798.
Kierski, Józef, in 1737.
Kierzynska, Anna, 1728.
Kierzynska, Kostancya in 1744.
Kierzynski, Jan, 1744.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:

Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn z Wrzesni Bardzki died in 1793, and Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. 1770,
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.

Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski

{see on Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Józef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.
Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847

[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

PETRONELA Kiedrzynska m. in 1791 to MELCHIOR Pradzynski who was born in Mrowino, the Greater Poland Province in 1753 and died in 1797.

Melchior Pradzynski was the son of Antoni Pradzynski b. 1710, and Marianna Czaplicka.
Melchior's brother was named Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army.

Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. mentioned Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - it was her second marriage ca 1825}

with the son Andrzej Pradzynski 1794-1872
{born in KOWALEW / Kowalewo close to Pleszew, and 5 km east to ORPISZEWEK; close to Lutynia, Fabianow and KOTLIN. Died in 1872 in Zerkowo / ZERKOW close to Nowe Miasto by the WARTA river, and north to Jarocin, north-west to PLESZEW}.

ANDRZEJ Pradzynski married 1st Apolonia Szulc
{with son Józef Antoni Pradzynski b. 1832, married to Maria Barbara Leokadia Drzenska in 1867 / 1868 in Szemborowo close to Wrzesnia}
and 2nd with unknown, with son Maksymilian Pradzynski.

Above Józef Antoni Pradzynski b. 1832 in Lubochnia close to Tomaszow Mazowiecki, had children:
1. Jan + Maria Bochynska;
2. Waclaw + Kornelia Preibisz 1870-1918;
3. Stefan;
4. Jadwiga Pradzynska;
5. Andrzej 1872-1938 + Józefa Jaraczewska.
6. Aleksander.


And now on SULIMIERSKI - PRADZYNSKI branch:

Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - it was her second marriage ca 1825.
W. Maciej Sulimierski / Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski, the owner of the Wiesiolka village and the owner of ZIELENCICE, where he lived and the future godfather of Filip SULIMIERSKI [December 22, 1843 / Jan. 1844], was pardoned in the Russian court after 1834 although he was arrested for the guerrilla.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Józef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA]
and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847 [note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

Nepomucena Pradzynska married 1st to Antoni Moszczenski, ca 1810 to ca 1825, son of Aleksander Ezechiel Moszczenski official in Brzesc Kujawski [!], 1759-1846, and Marianna Radziminska.
Nepomucena's children:
Teodor 1812-1831; Ignacy 1813-1880; Aleksander 1819-1829; Antoni Stefan Tadeusz 1822-1829.

Mentioned above Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka !
Husband of Marcjanna Marianna BRONIKOWSKA;
father of
Nepomucena Moszczenska Sulimierska;

Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski

[see 'ZWIAZEK KOSYNIEROW' and
Free Poles Association / Free Lechytes - a secret patriotic organization in 1819-1823 in the Kingdom of Poland;
founded in November 1819 in Warsaw by Tadeusz Krepowiecki, Wiktor Heltman and Ludwik Piatkiewicz; among the members were Ignacy Pradzynski, Seweryn Goszczynski, Maurycy Mochnacki, Stanislaw Jachowicz, Józef Kozlowski and Ksawery Bronikowski - all about 40 members.
They fought on full unification of the Polish lands and the independence of the state; called for fight with the Russian invaders, prepare papers and readings. Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association. He was member of the Patriotic Society. When Alexander I went to the congress of the Holy Alliance to Opava (in early 1821 moved to Ljubljana), he to sign an agreement to intervene in the event of a revolution.
Arrived from Warsaw in 1821, Ignacy Pradzynski put forward the project of independence of the Great Poland's branch of the National Freemasonry. They were renamed the Union of Scytheman, 1820-1826.
In 1819, the Association of Free Poles with Wiktor Heltman was created. See below on IGNACY Pradzynski];

Wincenty Józef Pradzynski
[see on WOLA WIAZOWA]
and
Sylwia Zuzanna Krasicka.

Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, was the brother of Józefina Gertruda Pradzynska; Melchior Jan Pradzynski !; Antonina Joanna Malgorzata; and Ludwika Klara Róza Modliborska; inf. by Leszek Mila.


Note on Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski:

He was born on July 20, 1792 in Sanniki, died on August 4, 1850 on the island of Heligoland / Helgoland; division general of the Army of the Kingdom of Poland, commander-in-chief of the November Uprising. 1793, the village Sanniki was in the Prussian partition. From 1807 Sanniki belonged to the Duchy of Warsaw, and from 1815 to the Kingdom of Poland in the Russian Partition.
Maybe he was born on July 18 in Poznan - as Pradzynski himself stated in his files;
He grew up in a very patriotic atmosphere - his father fought in 1794 in a partisan unit commanded by Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
Ignacy Pradzynski was sent to Dresden;
returned to his homeland in November 1807, volunteered for the 11th Infantry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy, was stationed in Poznan in 1806

{Count Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 Nov. 1806, was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize the 3rd Infantry Regiment; Col. Stanislaw Mielzynski was stationed in Pawlowice; in August 1807 in Poznan under Colonel Mielzynski. The 3rd Infantry Regiment / the Legia of Poznan received the number 11th and was part of the 3rd Infantry Division, of General J. H. Dabrowski.
Stanislaw Kostka Andrzej Jakub Mielzynski born in 1778, Rabin, died 1826, Pawlowice, Count, Freemason, Brigadier General of the Polish Army.
Stanislaw was the son of Maksymilian Antoni (1738-1799), and Konstancja Czapska;
Stanislaw Mielzynski in 1810 - General;
in 1815, he moved to his estates in Pawlowice [see the Merkel family], Kakolewo, Poniec, Smogulec, Golancz, under the Prussian partition.
There he was very active as a freemason, especially in lodges supporting the conspiratorial struggle for independence and the unification of Poland, such as the Poznan lodge - the Scytheman Union / Scythemen, which Mielzynski was leading, or in a secret Masonic organization created by Valerian Lukasinski.
In 1800, Mielzynski married the Honorata Zaremba and he had son Leon and three daughters:
Laura (Eleonora) married Józef Napoleon Czapski with the son famous
Bogdan Hutten-Czapski
- compare the Polish independence conspiracy in Belarus};

Gdansk until 1809; in 1814 in LOMZA.

Named above Sanniki in the Gostyn county, here in 1828 was Fryderyk Chopin [compare his visit in Scotland], at half way from Plock to Sochaczew, 13 km west to ILOW.
On April 20, 1815, Ignacy Pradzynski in Warsaw was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and assigned to quartermaster services.
In 1819, Ignacy Pradzynski associated himself with the Polish independence conspiracy -
first in the Union of True Poles / 'LECHICI' in 1819,
then in the Union of SCYTHEMAN / Scythemen / 'Kosynierzy' in 1820,
and finally with the Polish Patriotic Society.

In 1826, when officers belonging to the conspiracy were arrested, Pradzynski was also taken prisoner. He was married in 1825 and was living in Augustów [?] - Emilia Rutkowska of Chelmica [Chelmica Duza 13 km north to WLOCLAWEK] and Miedzechów b. 1808,
had Helena (1826-1854), painter, m. Stanislaw Herniczek, and Sylwia (1831-1862), writer.


In April 1821 in Warsaw, Polish conspirators conducted talks in which participate:

Lukasinski - 1819 National Freemasonry,
Colonel Kozakowski - acted in LWOW,
Colonel Pradzynski [in June 1820 in Poznan with General Uminski],
Szczaniecki of the Great Poland 1819-1820,
General Uminski from the Poznan Duchy, National Freemasonry, Kosciuszko supporter,
Wierzbolowicz,
Colonel Dobrogojski,
Cichowski - the Tax official,
Sobanski from VOLHYNIA,
Teodor Morawski - magazine publisher of 'Orzel Bialy',
Aleksander Oborski

[Colonel, acted in Wilno together with
Jozef Gruzewski and Stanislaw GRUZEWSKI,
Romer,
Biallozor,
Stanislaw SOLTAN

{Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735- 1789. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[daughter of Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer; the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan.

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; CONSPIRATOR, he was son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Römer;
husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan, CONSPIRATOR;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, wife of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Soltan;
Anna Soltan;
Stanislaw Soltan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.
Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, husband of Idalia b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej, CONSPIRATOR},

Stanislaw Mikulicz,
Teofil Mikulicz,
Stefan Mackiewicz,
Stanislaw Mackiewicz,

KAROL PROZOR

[Karol Prozor b. 1759, died in 1841 in Chojniki, west to DNIEPR, and MOZYRZ; in the 18th century in the Owrucz county, the Kiev province.
Chojniki - the manor of Józef PROZOR and Karol Prozor.
Prozor Józef (1723-1788), MP, voivode of Vitebsk. Born in Bobcin in Zmudz / Samaites, a son of Stanislaw PROZOR (died around 1756), official in Kaunas, and his first wife, Róza Siruc. JOZEF was married three times. The first wife was Felicjanna Szczyt (died after 1764), daughter of Józef SZCZYTT, official in Mscislaw; the second - Aleksandra Zaranek (died in Dudzicze in 1771), the wedding on September 7, 1767; third Maria Chalecka 1st voto Adam Szujski (c. 1751-1826). JOZEF from the first marriage had two daughters: Petronela Karenga, and Maria (died 1833), the wife of Ignacy Bykowski, the royal chamberlain;
and three sons:
Karol PROZOR;
Antoni PROZOR and
Ignacy PROZOR / Ignacy Kajetan Prozor + ANIELA OSKIERKA.
From the second marriage JOZEF had daughters: Róza (died on June 22, 1834), married in 1785 to Stanislaw Jelski;
and Barbara PROZOR, married to Franciszek Bukaty and 2nd to Ksawery Lipski.
JOZEF PROZOR studied in Królewiec, 1734-6 (Stanislaw Leszczynski was then residing there), and 1737 he was educated at the Knight's Academy in Lunéville, which he left in 1741.

Franciszek Bukaty (born in August 1747, died on June 15, 1797) - Polish diplomat, royal chamberlain, freemason; chargé d'affaires of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1775 -1777 and 1788-1789, envoy-minister of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1777, Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Poland in the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1787 and in 1793-1795. Married to Barbara Prozor, and she had Sierhiejewicze in a dowry.

Aniela Oskierka, 1770-1804, married Ignacy Kajetan Prozor b. ca 1770 [see OSWIEJA and Malkiewicz. Ignacy Kajetan Prozor was General major of the Kowno county],
with:
Kornela Prozor Rokicka, 1800-1835;
Henryk Prozor;
Maurycy Prozor 1st senior 1801-1886 + Anna Chlopicka b. ca 1810. Maurycy Prozor senior was born in Rothley-Temple, Leicestershire, died in 1886. PROZOR Maurycy was the commander of the Kowno Uprising.

ANIELA's had brothers Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka; and Rafal Michal Oskierka, 1761-1818.
They were children of Jan Mikolaj Oskierka 1735-1796 - see the plot of KOSCIUSZKO and PROZOR - married in 1761 to Barbara Rokicka.

Named Rothley Temple / Rothley Preceptory / Rowth-Ley, was a preceptory in the village of Rothley, Leicestershire, England, associated with both the Knights Templar and the Knights Hospitaller. The chapel was constructed by the Knights Templar],

Count Aleksander POCIEJ

[Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, married Idalia Pociej b. 1801
{Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839},
the daughter of named above Aleksander Michal Pociej.
Leonard Pociej 1727 - 1774 - who was son of Aleksander Pociej senior {more below} and Teresa Brzostowska - was the brother of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwill and Ludwik Pociej.
Leonard had son - Aleksander Michal Pociej (1774-1846). Aleksander Michal Pociej (1774-1846) was the husband of Anna Korzeniowska; he was the father of Teodor Pociej and named Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839 married Soltan.
Above Aleksander Michal Pociej (1774-1846) was son of Maria Aleksandra Radziwill POCIEJ, b. 1753; his grandfather was Wojciech Albrycht Radziwill 1717-1762.
Aleksander Pociej senior, 1698 - 1770, was son of Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej. Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej 1666 - 1728, was son of Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina.
Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej was brother of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.
Ludwik Konstanty was father of Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter
Justyna KALINOWSKA Borzecka (m. Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782).
Her son was count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error). Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:

1. Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski, the general of Polish Army, b. after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790
{Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska; she was the wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Uvarov; she was the mother of above Emilia Kalinowska},
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.
Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 had son Wladyslaw Kalinowski.

Children of mentioned count Jozef Kalinowski:
1. Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852,
2. Jozefina Kalinowska married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844;
3. Olga born 1822, died 7 April 1899 in Retow;
4. probably M. Kalinowska (Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course (see the Konstantynowiczs in Estonia)!

Above countess Olga Kalinowska born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus, in 1844, and her son Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with a princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki [compare MIELZYNSKI of PAWLOWICE and WOLSZTYN].
I wrote above that the grandfather of Olga, Jozefina and Seweryna {and Maria Trubecka} was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
The grandson of named above Seweryna nee Kalinowska was Mikolaj Plautin, b. 1868 who married to Maria Michajlowna Rajewska 1872 - 30 December 1942.
Her mother: Marija Grigorievna nee Gagarin - her sister Anastazja Grigorievna nee Gagarin b. 1853 died 1876 married to
Piotr Michajlovich Orlov Denisov born 1852 who was son of Michail Vasilievich Orlov Denisov born 1823, who was brother of Nadiezda married Katenin.

Grandfather of above Marija nee Rajewskaja was Mikolaj Mikolajevich Rajevskij Younger / RAJEWSKI MIKOLAJ from the Kiev government, Moscow and St Petersburg; b. 14 September 1801; and the second grandfather of above Maria nee Rajewska was Grigorij Grigorievich Gagarin b. 1810 d. 1893],

Ignacy ZAWISZA of Kowno,

Duke Konstanty Radziwill of Nowogrodek

[After the death of prince Maciej Radziwill in 1800, Poloneczka was inherited by his son, Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill (1793-1869), by his mother Elzbieta Chodkiewicz Radziwill. In 1815, Konstanty Radziwill married Maria Grabowska, who died in 1826. 2nd marriage to Celestyna Sulistrowska. Konstatnty m. 3rd to Adela Karnicka.
Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill was, among others, a member of the Vilnius Education Commission (1820), chamberlain of the tsarist court (1832), marshal of the nobility of the Nowogródek Province (1832-1835), a correspondent member of the Imperator Russian Geographical Society.
During this period he became friends with Wladyslaw Syrokomla.
Prince Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill / Constantine was the leader of a secret patriotic association operating in Lithuania, which led to his arrest. He made contact with the decembrists, and met in Vilnius in 1823 several times with Aleksander Bestuzew.
His son Maciej Józef Radziwill (1842-1907) after returning from exile in Russia, married Jadwiga Krasinska in 1867 (1843-1913), heiress of the property Zegrze near Warsaw],

Woynillowicz,
Nowomiejski in Wilno,

ADAM SOLTAN

[Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, husband of Idalia POCIEJ, b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej;
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 was father of Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan and Maria Anna Sierakowska. Above Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan 1821 - 1853, was father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.

Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan was the brother of Karolina SOLTAN Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780.

Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll was the father of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, who had the daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan b. circa 1751 and her son was above mentioned Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan - the Polish conspirator.

Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810, married 1st to Józef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 [maybe the brother of IGNACY SZUMSKI / Ignatius Shumsky b. ca 1800, of Chobienice], and she was married second to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA.
Her sister Emilia Piottuch- Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski.
Józef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800, supposedly lost a large landed estate. He never left the home without the box of dueling pistols. He known Duke Wittgenstein; that is Ludwik Adolf Fryderyk Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (1799-1866) who in 1828 married Stefania Radziwill, daughter of Dominik Radziwill.
OKTAWIA was the daughter of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780 - official in Zawilie, b. 1780 - and Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780/1790;
above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, had a sister:
Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz.

JOZEF was the son of Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760.

AUGUSTA Soltan Kublicka come from:
daughter of Stanislaw Soltan senior, 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer;
the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and
great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735- 1789.

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan, senior, 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, junior, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaw Soltan SENIOR, and Helena Römer;
Stanislaw SOLTAN junior was the husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751
and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.
Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, junior, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.

KAROLINA Soltan Piottuch Kublicka was the daughter of Stanislaw Soltan junior, 1756-1836 and Franciszka Teofila Radziwill at Nieswiez b. ca 1751, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, who was son of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill 1688 - 1746.

Oktawia's siblings:
1. Anna Benislawska
(born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benislawski 1846-1935, Jan 1847- 1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);

2. Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);

3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;

4. above Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;

5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal Smokowski and Konstancja Mickiewicz;

6. Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska had the son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz EYSYMONT, and Helena Soltan)],

Michal HOFFMAN,
JAN CHODZKO

{Jozef Chodzko / Joseph CHODZKO 1723-1782, and Konstancja BUJNICKA had children:
1.
Ludwik Tadeusz Chodzko / Louis Thadee CHODZKO, 1769-1843, married to Waleria DEDERKO with son
Leonard CHODZKO, 1800-1871 who married to Olympe MALESZEWSKI / Olimpia Maleszewska

[Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to
a. 1st to Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI / PIOTR Maleszewski, with children
Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and
Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;

b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858 with children:
A. Louis François Clément BREGUET 1804 - 1883 married to Charlotte Eugénie Caroline LASSIEUR 1815 - 1889 with children:
Louise BREGUET 1847-1930,
Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882,
Madeleine BREGUET 1853-1877;
B. Louise Charlotte Clémentine BREGUET 1810 - 1887 married to Dr LIONNET.

Jeanne Françoise Félicité Garran de Coulon, was 2nd wife of PIOTR MALESZEWSKI / Pierre Jean Maleszewski, resident at rue du Pont de Lodi.
Jeanne Maleszewska nee Garran de Coulon, was daughter of Jean-Philippe Garran / Jean-Philippe Garran de Coulon / Jean Philippe GARRAN DE COULON who was b. April 10, 1749 or 29/04/1749 (born in Saint-Maixent on 19 April 1748), died on 10/12/1816 in PARIS - FRANCE (or 19-11-1816 / December 19, 1816); he was a French politician, was born in HAUTE-SAÔNE - FRANCE; Secretary of Henrion de Pansey in Paris; lawyer in 1789; member of the legislative in 1791; member of the Institute. Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon, lawyer in Paris. Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon took part in the agitation preceding the meeting of the States General and was elected alternate member of the Third Estate of Paris. Member of the first and the second Paris Commune, he directed the Research Committee - the police, and presented the insurrection on 14 July 1789 as the member of conspiracy. Maleszewski Piotr known J. P. Garran de Coulon, who had daughters: 1. Jeanne Françoise Félicité GARRAN de COULON; 2. Félicité-Françoise GARRAN DE COULON.

Garran-Coulon, member of the Comite des Recherches was writing 'Report on the troubles of Santo Domingo'; Garran-Coulon, the left- leaning deputy wrote the report, noted on Oge affair in Saint-Domingue. "...BORD appears to have gratuitously added Garran's name to a passage from the 'Proces-verbal des Electeurs' which described a group of unnamed Electors angrily denouncing Flesselles. ...".
B. M. Shapiro wrote:
"Eager to demonstrate that all of the violent eruptions of summer 1789 were parts of a carefully orchestrated Masonic plot and equally eager to connect the Comite des Recherches to this plot, Gustave Bord was trying to persuade his readers that GARRAN, the author of the Comite's published brief against those servants of the Monarchy who had escaped the July violence, was
a 'point man' in a well-planned effort to eliminate a host of top royal officials.
For, having helped dispose of Flesselles and Berthier, Garran's next assignment, in Bord's eyes, was to engineer the judical assassination of BESENVAL:
'At each event, he launches the word or phrase which compromises the man in the hot seat... Garran de Coulon was certainly partly responsible for the assassinations of the Prevot des Marchands and the Intendant de Paris, and now he is given the task of rendering a legal opinion on the question of whether those in authority in JULY (1789) were guilty'.
By adding his 'evidence' linking Garran to the Flesselles and Berthier assassinations to his extravagant vision of the Comite des Recherches as 'the model for all these revolutionary committes which, in a few months, will put the executioner to work on a full-time basis', BORD was able construct the following equation: July Massacres = Comite des Recherches = Terror. ...". ];

see below - Sulkowski and on the Venture of Paradise, the Breguet family and Duflon - Konstantynowicz Company!
2.
above Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 m. Klara KORSAK, d. 1852, with son
Alexandre CHODZKO 1802-1891.

Jan Chodzko / Jan Borejko Chodzko (1776 in Wilno, died 1851 - Minsk), was the father of
1. Jozef Chodzko / Joseph (see below), the Russian general, surveyor and geographer
[Joseph Chodzko / Józef Boreyko Chodzko or Khodzko, born 1800 in Krzywicze, ex-the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, died in 1881 in Tiflis / Tbilisi, a General-topographer and Polish geographer. He stayed in Paris in 1843, where he met Adam Mickiewicz and his three brothers: Alexandre, Michel and Stanislas, and his cousin Leonard - all Polish nationalists];
2. Alexander / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko (1804 in Krzywicze, died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec), poet, orientalist and Slavist, a professor at the College of France
[Aleksander was arrested in 1830/1831 and taken to St. Petersburg where he met the father, then above Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia. Next he was the Russian consul in Persia, then professor of Slavic literature at the College de France, well-known author who married to Helena Jundzill, daughter of Victor, with her sons, Victor Chodzko m. Mary Baldassari];
3. Stanislas, chemist; and
4. Michal Chodzko, Polish poet.

Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 (see below), the son of above Józef Chodzko and Konstancyia Bujnicki, married to Clara Korsak -
Jan was the President of the Civil Minsk Chamber, and the School Inspektor of the Province of Vilnius and Minsk; died in 1851, buried in Zaslaw.
Jan Borejko Chodzko born 1776 in Wilno was the Chairman of Minsk Supreme Court; Chairman of the University of Wilno; awarded the Order of St. Vladimir; chamberlain of the Wilno district. He prevented the Russians burning of MINSK, before evacuating of the town. Considering Napoleon as the liberator of Poland, as a good patriot, he slept Russian vigilance and introduced the Marshal Davoust in stores of food and ammunition - Napoleon heard the news; after the retreat of the French, he had to flee Poland but he returned thanks to the amnesty of the Emperor Alexander.
He was the founder of two Masonic lodges, one in Vilnius and one in Minsk. He was the top member of a patriotic secret society before and after the uprising of 29 November 1830, and
he was arrested and taken to St. Petersburg where he met in prison his son Alexander who was also arrested, it was the last time that they saw themselves. Jan was sentenced to 5 years in prison and deported to Russia. His eldest son Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia.
Jan could not return to his homeland but died in 1851 in Minsk},

JOZEF Billewicz of ROSIENIE

[Józef Billewicz (died 1850) - marshal of the Rosienie county. The son of Mateusz Billewicz and Anna Eugenia Lopacinska. Ruthenian civilian-military commissar of the Duchy of Samogitia (1790), deputy to the Grodno Parliament (1793), president of the border court of the Ruszcza county (1795).
On August 15, 1812, elected as the deputy to the General Confederation of the Kingdom of Poland, later he became the marshal of the nobility in the County Rosienie.
Master of the "Palemon" Masonic Lodge (1820-21) and honorary member of Vilnius lodges: "Perfect Unity" and "Good Shepherd".
In May 1821, he was admitted to the Patriotic Society during the meeting in Vilnius.
He married Anna Szemiot, with two daughters: Urszula + Ludwik Pilsudski; and Kunegunda + Ezekiel Staniewicz.
After his death, the Billewicze estate (today's Biliunai village) passed into the hands of the Pilsudski family.

ALEKSANDER BILEWICZ of the Rosienie county married Anna Romer with 4 sons:
1. Tadeusz Billewicz, senior, b. ca 1728, died in 1788; in 1783 - the Mscislau province
{TADEUSZ had daughter Helena Wazgird (Morykoni) and also he had son ADAM / Adomas Bilevicius, b. ca 1750, who was father of Kazimierz Tomasz; and Kaspar Bilewicz, and so on.
Above KASPAR - Kasparas Bilevicius, b. ca 1782, d. 1840, had son
Antoni Billewicz or Tadeusz b. ca 1815, + Helena Michalowska b. 1820, with:
Pranas Bilevicius;
Maria Pilsudska / Maria Billewicz (1842 - 1884; born 1842 in Adomava) + Józef Wincenty Pilsudski
(1833 - 1902. Note:
Antoni Bulhak b. 1898, married to Wanda Bulhak nee Juchniewicz from Cezary Juchniewicz and Maria Juchniewicz nee Pilsudska, b. 1873, d. 1921 - her parents: named above Maria Pilsudska nee Billewicz + Józef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833.

MARIA JUCHNIEWICZ had the brother - Józef Klemens Pilsudski b. 1867);
Wiktor Billewicz and
Zofia Zubow b. ca 1860.
Above ZOFIA: Zofia Zubow nee Billewicz, was born circa 1860, married Wlodzimierz Zubow before 1887, with son Wlodzimierz Zubow b. 1887 Szawle [Šiauliai / Šiaule north of Raseiniai] - d. 1959 in Kowno},

2. Jerzy BILEWICZ, studied in Królewiec, known German, then in Nieswiez {Jerzy Bilewicz was the Judge of ROSIENIE in 1765};

3. Teodor Billewicz + Kozuchowska of Kalisz;

4. Mateusz Bilewicz also lived in Smorgonie and NIESWIEZ;
Mateusz + Lopacinska had sons:
Józef, MP in 1793 {Józef Billewicz (died 1850) - marshal of the Rosienie county; the member of the Patriotic Society};
Jan;
Ignacy;
Tadeusz junior.
Mateusz Bilewicz was the official in Rosienie, MP],

Gruzewski of SZAWLE,
Wagner,
Korbutt,
Buczynski,
Przeciszewski,
Barankiewicz,
lawyer Kulczycki of Wilno,
Strumillo,
ZAN

{Tomasz Zan, Promienisty, 1796 in Miasata, in the Minsk province, d. 1855 in KAKOWCZYN / Kochaczyn. Son of Karol Zan and Katarzyna. Husband of Brygida Swietorzecka b. 1825; her brothers - Fortunat Swietorzecki, Mieczyslaw Swietorzecki and MICHAL of Malinowszczyzna. Her sister Wanda Swietorzecka (Dederko).
She was the daughter of Stanislaw Swietorzecki.
Note:
Witold Pilecki had summer holidays in Hawrylkowo in the SIENNO county. Hawrylkowo belonged to his grandmother Wanda Majewska married Lucjan Osiecimski, d. in Hawrylkowo / Gawrylkowo before 1908 after work in Pietrozawodzk. Lucjan Jan Osiecimski + Wanda Helena Majewska.
Gawrylkowo was situated close to the Doliwo Dobrowolski estates and near to KACHATSHYN / Kakowczyn owned by Tomasz Zan with wife BRYGIDA SWIETORZECKA; Kakowczyn + Szyrkowszczyzna owned by Brygida Zan at the beginning of the 20th cent.;
Kakowczyn that is Kakoucyna / Kakoutschyna / Kokovcino, north to Smolany - south to Bieleniewo / Bielenieva, 7 km; south-west to Bogushev station; in the SIENNO county.
In the Kakoucyna / Kakoutschyna / Kokovcino / Kakchinsky volost / district, the Sienno county, the Mogilev governorate - was situated named Hawrylkowo / Gawrylkowo of OSIEMCIMSKI - Gavrilkovo, farm, close to Germanovo, Kuliki, Doganovka.

Kazimierz Dederko / Dederka of the Oszmiany county in 1783 and 1788, died in 1800 in Oborek; married Wiktorja Kamienska with 5 children,
the daughter Waleria Chodzko / Walerja nee Dederko m. Ludwik Chodzko;
sons Barnaba and Józef without children,
son Roch Dederko lieutenant of Napoleon period, owner of Obórka / Oborek, m. to Wanda Swietorzecka, he d. 1856;
they had 2 sons: Kazimierz owner of Obórka, Soter Dederko owner of Puzele.

Puzele and Bludów belonged to Michal Oginski 1793 and 1794.

In Oborek in 1800 was born Leonard Chodzko, son of daughter of Kazimierz Dederko - Walerja, and Ludwik Chodzko; author, 'Historja domu Rawitów Ostrowskich';
in Oborek in 1847-1850 lived Tomasz Zan with wife in 1846, Brygida Swietorzecka, sister of Wanda Swietorzecka who married to Roch Dederko.
Oborki / Aborak / Oborek - manor of Dederko ca 2 km east of Poloczany - south-west of Molodeczno, 6 km south-east of Jachimowszczyna of Swietorzecki.
Malinowszczyzna was a part of Lebedevo / Lebiedziew, bought from Dominik Radziwill by Jakób Swietorzecki;
his son Stanislaw Swietorzecki, m. cousin Swietorzecka, daughter of landlord of Konstantow, Boratycze, in the Mohylew government, 1827; Stanislaw was owner of Malinowszczyzna;
Michal Swietorzecki, son of above Stanislaw; married to Stengelmajer, 2nd to Marja Jasiewicz of Uzblocie and Józefpola in the Oszmiany county; Malinowszczyzna had two plants; Michal Swietorzecki d. 1891, had two sons Boleslaw and Waclaw.
Justyna Stanislawowa Swietorzecka build home in Malinowszczyzna at the Tomasz Zan time},

Labanowski],

attorney Szreder,

Jordan of CRACOW / Ludwik Jordan ?,

Kicinski,

MACHNICKI,

Colonel Krzyzanowski in Warsaw

[The Special Committee in 1825 qualified to judge eight of its members, recruited from the Polish Kingdom:
Captain Franciszek Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew;
Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski / Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira
{Seweryn Krzyzanowski (1787 in Parchamówka in Ukraine, died in 1839 in Tobolsk), Lieutenant Colonel of the Polish Army, leader of the Patriotic Society. In 1808 he joined the army of the Duchy of Warsaw. In 1809-1811 in Spain, like MAJEWSKI [see below !]. He was a Freemason. He belonged to the lodge Shield North};

Wojciech Grzymala,
Stanislaw Soltyk

{Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz].
Józef Soltyk in 1787 stayed in Kurozweki at the cousin's [of his father Maciej] home, and here welcomed King Stanislaus Augustus PONIATOWSKI [see Walewski in Volhynia].
Member of Parliament of the Cracow province in 1790 - Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 - was one of the most active in the preparation of the Constitution in 1791.
In 1794, on a secret mission from Kosciuszko to the Viennese court, interned by the Austrians [see above on PASZKOWSKI and FISZER]; 1795 in exile, he played a leading role, and was one of the first initiators of the Italian's legions, was imprisoned several times by the Prussians and the Austrians;
and Stanislaw Soltyk in 1802 was (along with Tadeusz Czacki) the initiator of the Commercial Association, for export of grain through the Black Sea [see HORODYSKI, Szaniawski].
The president of the Central Committee of the Patriotic Society. 1826-1829, a state prisoner, chaired the 1829 conspiracy;
after the outbreak of the November Uprising, Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 was honored as the patriarch of the struggle for freedom},

priest Konstanty Dembek, Stanislaw Zablocki, Andrzej Plichta and Roman Zaluski],

Downarowicz of Bialystok in 1822,

Duke Antoni Jablonowski.


Very important note - compare BOUVIER; John Fitzgerald Kennedy and George von Mohrenschildt - a link to PRUSAKOV / Prussakow - Lee OSWALD and KAROL PROZOR:

Note on PRUSSAKOV:
1.
Maria Filaretovna Prussakova, Marija Prussakova (? - 28.02.1985) from the family of F. F. Prussakov. She graduated from the Reval City Gymnasium in 1925. Died in Tallinn. Brothers: Ivan Prussakov and Fedor / FEODOR / Theodore Prussakov (died 12.09.1979); sisters: Tatiana Murnikov, and Vera Domashkin.
2.
Marina Nikolayevna Oswald Porter was the widow of Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin. Porter was born Marina Nikolayevna Prusakov in Molotovsk / Severodvinsk, in the Arkhangelsk Oblast. In the spring of 1961, Lee Oswald met Marina Prusakova at a dance in Minsk, Belarus, USSR. Six weeks later, they were married at the home.
Marina Oswald was born on July 17, 1941. She lived with her mother and stepfather until 1957 when she moved to Minsk. Marina Prusakov was the wife of Lee Harvey Oswald since 30.04.1961 - to 24.11.1963, with daughter June Lee b. 1962.
Then, in 1965, in a Texas town Fate, she married Kenneth Jess Porter. North-east to DALLAS. She had a son. Porter was a twice-divorced, was in jail. Lee Harvey Oswald, born 18 October 1939 - New Orleans, LA, son of Robert Edward Lee Oswald 1896-1939 and Marguerite Frances Claverie 1907-1981.

George S. Morenshild b. 1911 in Belarus, becomes famous Texas oil businessman. At early 60-ies in Dallas, he met with Oswald's family; Oswald's wife was Marina Oswald Prusakova / Prussakov Marina, from Belarus. Aunt and Uncle of Marina met in Berlin. Ilija Prusakow, the uncle of Marina OSWALD lived in Minsk, he was Colonel of the Interior Ministry in the 60's in the Soviet Union and has allowed his niece to communicate with the American.

Marina Nikolayevna Oswald-Porter, born July 17, 1941 was the daughter of Nikolay PRUSAKOW b. ca 1900. He was living in Dryssa ca 1950 / 1960.

His brother was Ilija born ca 1900.
FATHER OF ABOVE BOTH was Vasilij PRUSAKOW / Vasily Prusakov born 1854, architect in Wilno since the end of 1888; he arrived from St. Petersburg to Vilna on assignment by the Ministry of Justice; acted in 1899 - 1909,
with
Aleksy Krasowski,
Michal PROZOR [compare OSWIEJA north to DRYSSA],
Tadeusz Rostworowski,
Julian Januszewski [Hilary Raduszkiewicz, engineer and architect, co-operated with Julian Januszewski in WILNO],
Feliks Jasinski,
August Klain.

Prussakov (Prusakov) Vasiliy Agafonovich b. 1854, studied at Academy of Arts since 1871, on mechanics and technology, 1876 he graduated;
Prusakov Agafon born ca 1820 / 1830.
We know on:
Prussakov Afanasi.
Prussakov Agafon born 1911, repressioned after 1940 in Estonia [maybe grandson of Prusakov Agafon born ca 1820 / 1830].
Prussakov Aleksander born in 1921, lived next in Estonia.
In the first Estonian Republic, the Tallinn Old Believer Society of the Pomorians of the nuptial concord was officially registered in 1924 (Tallinn Old Believer Society, 11. 07. 1924, Nr. 547). Until 1930, the community general meetings in TALLINN were held in private apartments. Then the first chairman of the community Filaret Filaretovich Prussakov put at community's disposal the apartment in Tekhnika Street, 12.
Mustvee, Jogevamaa, east of Estonia, on Peipus Lake.
Named Filaret Prussakov, b. 1879 in Mustvee, d. in Tallinn, 1944; son of Feodor Prussakov, husband of Evdokija Landsberg - Prussakova. Father of Maria Domaškina died in TALLINN; Ivan Prussakov;
Veera Lamberg wife of Boris Lamberg born in GATCZYNA / Gatšina, close to PETERSBURG, son of Karp / Karl LAMBERG from Tori vald and his wife TOHVER; Tatjana Murnikova and Feodor Prussakov. Copyright by Karin Lamberg. Tori vald - 25 km north-east to PARNU / Parnawa.

MICHAL PROZOR =
Mikhail Prozorov (born October 30, 1860 in Würzburg, died after 1914) - Russian architect connected with Vilnius, author of numerous buildings in the capital of Lithuania, including Karaite kienes and the building of the Russian State Bank on the former Mickiewicz street. He graduated from a real school in Vilnius,
the son of Mieczyslaw Prozor b. 1830
and Zofia Oskierka 1830-1878.
His sister was
Stanislawa b. 1862 + Jan Olizar-Wolczkiewicz 1855-1913.
Great-great-parents:
Józef Antoni Prozor 1723-1788 + Felicjanna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1730-1766.

We back to Kennedy:

In January 1963 Kennedy proposed to Congress to enforce the law, reducing incentives to oil companies. Implementation of this measure would cut the income of the Texas oilmen, which also referred to Count George de Morenshild / George S. De Mohrenschildt; his real name is George S. Morenshild. He was born on April 17, 1911 in Belarus. Many researchers believe that he had already worked for several networks of intelligence; in 1941 he was arrested in Arkansas as a German spy. But it took only three years, and in 1944 Count George Morenshild becomes famous Texas oil businessman. In 1949, he finally gets US citizenship; as a specialist in the oil, he travels around the world.
At early 60-ies in Dallas, he met with Oswald's family;
Oswald's wife was Marina Oswald Prusakova from Belarus / DRYSSA.

Aunt and Uncle of Marina met in Berlin. Ilija Prusakow, the uncle of Marina OSWALD lived in Minsk, he was Colonel of the Interior Ministry in the 60's in the Soviet Union and has allowed his niece to communicate with the American.

Lee Harvey Oswald b. October 1939, in New Orleans; his wife was Marina Nikolayevna Oswald-Porter, born July 17, 1941; daughter of Nikolay PRUSAKOW b. ca 1900.
He was living in Dryssa ca 1950 / 1960. His brother was Ilija born ca 1900.
FATHER OF ABOVE BOTH was Vasilij PRUSAKOW / Vasily Prusakov born 1854, architect in Wilno since the end of 1888; he arrived from St. Petersburg to Vilna on assignment by the Ministry of Justice; acted in 1899 - 1909, with
Aleksy Krasowski, Michal PROZOR, Tadeusz Rostworowski, Julian Januszewski, Feliks Jasinski, August Klain.
Prussakov (Prusakov) Vasiliy Agafonovich b. 1854, studied at Academy of Arts since 1871, on mechanics and technology, 1876 he graduated; Prusakov Agafon born ca 1820 / 1830.


Secret societies were called to life in 1819/1821:
The Patriotic Society and
the Scytheman Association / SCYTHEMEN in the Great Poland -
General Stanislaw MIELZYNSKI,
Ignacy Pradzynski,
JAN UMINSKI in 1821 [in Poland in 1822, 5000 members].

Les Freres Anglais et Français Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski.
Members:
Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and Jozef Poniatowski; others members: Barbara Dabrowska, Julianna Poninska, Karolina Palombini, Jaraczewska, Wincentyna Axamitowska, Eufemia Kwasniewska, Sulkowska, and Augustyna Zablocka; Lasocki in Lomza, General Kretkowski in Leczyca, Plichta in Plock, Franciszek Mickiewicz, General Stanislaw Mielzynski, Maximilian and Adam Moszczenski;
it was constituted again in December 1815 and on 16 March 1816 with Zaborowski, and was the meeting mourning for a brother TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO / Thaddeus Kosciuszko on 19 December 1817.
In Dec. 1819 - Jan. 1820 was meeting of General Jan Nepomucen Uminski with Colonel Dobrogoyski, envoy of Kalisz. Dobrogoyski informed on the secret network in Cracow, and Uminski was claiming that is always ready to establish a branch in the Great Poland; he had confidential relations with Lieutenant Colonel Louis Sczaniecki; the secret organisation was formed - probably at the beginning of 1820 in Poznan - national Freemasonry:
Sczaniecki, Count Wiktor Szoldrski, Gajewski, Czapski, Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski, Zaborowski, Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski, three brothers Mielzynski, two Potworowski, Tytus Dzialynski, Józef Krzyzanowski, Garstkiewicz, Monkowski, Bukowiecki, Alojzy Zaborowski, Kalinowski, General Pradzynski also in Warsaw.
General Uminski was a member since 1820 with witnesses Morawski, Pradzynski, Adam Grabowski, with a contacts to counties nobility of southern, around Gostyn and Leszno. Maybe a separate filial existed in Leszno. In 1820 gathered a large number of members from the Leszno area; Pradzynski was in Leszno a member of the commission to limit the Russian - Prussian border.

The Union of Scythemen came from the National Poznan Freemasonry.
According to testimony of Pradzynski - General Stanislaw Mielzynski was the chairman of above The Union of Scythemen;
members among others:
judge Morawski and general Uminski, the delegate to the headquarters in Warsaw. The oath was more militancy, than of the national Freemasonry. When in Poznan was founded named above Union, in Warsaw a negotiations were started in the direction of assimilation whole organization. Poznan recommended the creation of the central committee of the whole Poland in Warsaw or Poznan; Uminski stayed in Warsaw since May 6, 1821. To the Association was given the name of the Patriotic Society [in Warsaw]. At the head stood Wierzbolowicz.
Uminski was the formal founder of the Patriotic Society.
In this way national Freemasonry formally ended its life, transforming in 1820 in Poznan to the Union of Scythemen, and in 1821 to the Patriotic Society. People remained the same.
Uminski again was - from February to April 1822 - in Warsaw.
Józef Krzyzanowski, was in Warsaw, too, but soon, in fact Lukasinski was arrested, and also Dobrogoyski and Dobrzycki.
1823 Count Stanislaw Soltyk, later Franciszek Jablonowski, among others, made contact with Russia.


ROMAN SOLTYK:

General Franciszek Paszkowski in 1816 - 1819 lived in the Great Poland, then in Cracow. Acc. to me Paszkowski was secret member of the Union of Scythemen, and he escaped in 1822 to Free City of Cracow.
There he was very active as a mason, especially supported the underground struggle for independence and unification of Poland.
The 'Union of the Scythemen' was a secret organization for Polish independence, which operates in the Poznan region in 1820-1826. It was established on the base of the Poznan National Freemasonry with the head board - Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski, and General Jan Nepomucen Uminski. Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski [see Pawlowice and Aleksander Bilewicz senior, and Baszkow close to Krotoszyn - see the branch of Angela Merkel] carried out the unification talks in Warsaw, ending with the transformation of Freemasonry to the National Patriotic Society in May 1821 [Ignacy Pradzynski, Maciej Mielzynski and Louis / LUDWIK Szczaniecki] but was broken in 1826.

Mentioned Maciej Józef Franciszek Mielzynski b. 1799 in Winna Gora, d. on March 5, 1870, Polish political and social activist, a landowner. He was the son of Jozef Mielzynski / Joseph; he was educated in Berlin; he was imprisoned for participating in the 'Union of the Scythemen'; took part in the November Uprising in 1831, served under the command of Dezydery Chlapowski. For a short time he lived in exile, then jailed; also received a high penalty fine.

And now we look at
Roman Soltyk b. 1790 - d. 1843, who was a Polish nobleman, political activist and general [see Wola Pszczolecka and Kalinowski]. Born in Warsaw; Roman was son of Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, and Caroline / Karolina Sapieha.
ROMAN SOLTYK was a member of secret independence organisations in the Congress Poland, like his father, he became a member of the underground Patriotic Society. In 1826 he was imprisoned, but released [see Union of Scythemen]. Linked to the conspiracy of Piotr Wysocki. In 1830, vice-president of the Patriotic Association.

Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz].


MAJEWSKI at head of the TEMPLARS

[Captain Franciszek Majewski, was authorized to set up the Lodge by the Edinburgh, whose members he knew during his stay in England; The TEMPLARS [Templariusze] acted until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdichev. Many of the Templars were also members of Patriotic Society, like Lieutenant Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski. The Patriotic Society also spread to Lithuania, where reached the Masonic circles.
The Templars Masonic Society was founded in 1820 in Volyn.
The arrests, which took place in 1825, after the military coup of the Decembrists, resulted in detection of the Patriotic Society.
Piotr Moszynski born 1800, the member of the TEMPLARS, exiled after 1826 in TOBOLSK, back to CRACOW, was also the Chairman of the Mound of Kosciuszko Committee in Cracow, 1856 - 1878,
after GENERAL Franciszek Paszkowski.

Ca 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836 [in 1805 as the "Edinburgh Encampment No. 31", then became the"Grand Assembly of Knights Templar in Edinburgh"]. The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780. In 1791 - the formation of its first Grand Conclave, with Thomas Dunckerley as Grand Master.
In 1805 their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, became Grand Master himself.
The modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna]. In 1813 Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, became Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and in December 1813 - above Prince Edward became Grand Master of the Antient Grand Lodge of England.
Mentioned above the Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus, b. 1767, died in 1820, was the fifth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and the father of Queen Victoria!
The Duke of Kent was appointed Field-Marshal of the Forces in 1805. His wife was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld with daughter Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom. His mother - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz];

co-operated with
Piotr Lagowski, Zablocki, Uminski of Poznan, Oborski in Lithuania, Ludwik Sobanski in Volhynia, CICHOWSKI in KALISZ, Jordan in Cracow, Romer, Bialozor, Jozef and Stanislaw Gruzewski, A. Soltan, Mikulicz, brothers Mackiewicz,
Karol PROZOR,
Aleksander Pociej, Zawisza, Konstanty Radziwill, Nowomiejski, Billewicz, Karwicki, Jozef ZALEWSKI, Worcell, Narcyz OLIZAR, Piotr Moszynski, PULASKI.

Ignacy Pradzynski was a member of the 'Kosynierzy Union' and one of the founders of the Patriotic Society (1821).
Captive (1826-1829) for belonging to secret organizations. In 1830-1831, during the November Uprising, a subcommand of the Zamosc Fortress, then quartermaster general of the General Staff, commander of the corps of engineers and -
from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - general commander.
Author of war plans against Russia, partly used by general Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki. He was also the author of a plan to coordinate partisan activities in the Kingdom of Poland [compare Sulimierski - Zaliwski movement in 1833; see LUBIEC estate].


The 'Kosynierzy Association' - a secret Polish independence organization operating in the Poznan province in 1820-1826.

It was founded on the base of the Poznan National Masonry. Its ties to the emperor Alexander I were not responsible for the Poznan activists. At the head of the 'Kosynierzy Union' was
General Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski

[Stanislaw Kostka Andrzej Jakub Mielzynski born in 1778, Rabin, died 1826, Pawlowice, Count, Freemason.

Count Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 Nov. 1806, was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize the 3rd Infantry Regiment; Col. Stanislaw Mielzynski was stationed in Pawlowice; in August 1807 in Poznan under Colonel Mielzynski. The 3rd Infantry Regiment / the Legia of Poznan received the number 11th and was part of the 3rd Infantry Division, of General J. H. Dabrowski. Stanislaw Kostka Andrzej Jakub Mielzynski - 1810, Brigadier General of the Polish Army.
Stanislaw was the son of Maksymilian Antoni (1738-1799), and Konstancja Czapska].

The delegate to the Kingdom of Poland was General Jan Nepomucen Uminski.
He also in May 1821 carried out unification talks in Warsaw, ending with the transformation of National Freemasonry into the Patriotic Society, to which he had subordinated the 'Union of Scytheman' / SCYTHEMEN, with
Ignacy Pradzynski,
Maciej Mielzynski
and Ludwik Sczaniecki.

It was broken down in 1826, in connection with the deconstruction of the Patriotic Society in the Kingdom of Poland.


Association 'LECHICI':

Association of Free Poles (Association of Free Poles Brothers, Association of Free Lechites) - secret patriotic organization, operating in 1819-1823 in the Kingdom of Poland.
The organization was founded in November 1819 in Warsaw, and leaders were
Tadeusz Krepowiecki,
Wiktor Heltman and
Ludwik Piatkiewicz,
with Seweryn Goszczynski, Maurycy Mochnacki, Stanislaw Jachowicz, Józef Kozlowski and Ksawery Bronikowski.
The Association of Free Poles numbered about 40 members fighting for the full unification of Polish lands and the independence of the state, while promoting the principles of liberalism,
urged to fight against the Russian invader, and prepared papers.
After the arrest of Wiktor Heltman and Ludwik Piatkiewicz in 1821, the activities of the organization weaken. In 1823, the Association of Free Poles was dissolved.


We back to Kiedrzynski - Pstrokonski branch:

Pstrokonski Franciszek Ksawery 1715 - ca 1783, m. Agnieszka Nieniewska d. 1776, with Marianna, and Wiktoria Pstrokonska [b. ca 1740 ?] married Marcin Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1715/1720 ?], son of Jakub Kiedrzynski senior, 1668 - 1729, and Ewa Gomolinska b. ca 1680 or Anna Gomolinska.

See marriage in RADOMSKO:
1751: Walenty Pagowski m. Franciszka Karsnicka 1voto Ostrowska widowed, with witnesses: Dionizy Zaremba, Kazimierz Ostrowski, Walenty Bleszynski of Roznów, and Brzuchowski.
1756: Adam Rozek m. Marianna Bleszynska in Rozny, marriage in Dobryszyce; witnesses: Walenty Pagowski of Piaszczyce and Walenty Bleszynski.
1761: Sebastian Kobierzycki m. Jadwiga Komornicka of Braclaw from Ladzice; witnesses Walenty Bleszynski, Marian Komornicki.
In 1778:
Ludwik Kiedrzynski m. Róza Bleszynska of Rozny; witnesses: Stefan Siemienski, Adam Rogojski, Melchior Dulski.

In Radomsko:
1739 -
Augustyn was born; mother Agnieszka Kiedrzynska.

In the Sieradz county in 1791/1793:
Kiedrzynski Floryan with his son Leon Kiedrzynski.


Note to FRANKENBERG:

in 1704, Teresa Ruszkowska, widowed after Seweryn Czyzewski, vs. Stanislaw Dominikowski and Zofja Kiedrzynska Dominikowska, 1 voto Adam Drogonski.

We have two noblewomen named Julianna Kiedrzynska:

1. Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811, 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw.
witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ.
2. Note:
Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1715/1720, was probably a cousin to MARCIN Kiedrzynski, senior, b. ca 1700-1788.

Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].

Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna [1st] nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko / ORPISZEWEK in 1809/1811
(Orpiszewko was owned by the Kiedrzynskis);
with daughter Kunegunda born before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki Chrzanowska.

Jozef Madalinski was son of Kajetan Madalinski, 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.

Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763; his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787; his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744;
Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died ca 1807; Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786. Antoni PSARSKI who was the son of Tomasz, and Lucja Czekulin had daughter KONSTANCJA Psarska (b. ca 1819 - died after 1840). Above Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son Antoni Psarski born in 1770.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Dorota's brother -
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena who was born in 1762 and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828 [the family of the author].

Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].
Above Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).
Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki, had children:
a) Kunegunda b. ca 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784;
b) Sebastian Fabian MADALINSKI.

Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774 had brother Jakub Hiacynt MADALINSKI born 1775, m. Honorata Psarska died ca 1820, with daughter Anna b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Józef Julian Walewski son of Andrzej owner of Wola Balucka, 2nd time married to Jan Kanty Psarski, landowner of Wielgie.

3. In Raszków in 1801 [RASZKOW - 9 km south-west to BEDZIESZYN]:
Teofila Domicella was born, the daughter of Jan Antoni Arnold, the owner of Pecherzew in the Sieradz province, by his wife Julianna Kiedrzynski, 1st Ruszkowska
[JAKUB Kiedrzynski had daughter Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. ca 1770/1772].
Godparents:
Józef Ossowski and
Franciszka Radolinska, she was the owner of Bedzieszyn
[Bedzieszyn in 1778, owned by Jan Kosicki; Bedzieszyn - 10 km na pólnoc od Ostrowa; 8 km south-east to BIEGANIN / Bieganino of Kiedrzynski; 20 km west to KALISZ].
Ossowski the owner of BINIEW / Bieniewo, 6 km west to named BEDZIESZYN.

4. In Raszków, 1801, Jan Nepomucen Józef Ruszkowski was born, with godparents:
Ignacy Frankenberg and his wife Marcjanna, both owners of Koscielec [east to Proszowice ? or KOSCIELEC near to Redziny, Mstow, Rudniki, Lubojenka, WIERZCHOWISKO - north-east to Czestochowa; see Kiedrzynski].

5. Kiedrzynski Franciszek Placyd, son of Józef Kiedrzynski, was born in 1771.

6. In BESANCON was living lieutenant Kiedrzynski, inf. by the Polish National Committee in Dec. 1831-1832. No inf. in 1833 !

In the Cracow prov. in 1791:

Antoni, Kiedrzynski, born in 1751, in Kiedrzyn close to Czestochowa.

Close to Czestochowa in 1783 – 1792:
Kamyk - owned by mentioned above Antoni Kiedrzynski and Stanislaw Jeziorkowski;
Kiedrzyn - to Antoni Kiedrzynski;
Kobylczyce - Maciej Pstrokonski, and Jan Nepomucen Woznicki with Marcin Wierciszewski and Ignacy Korwin Jaszewski.
Kotowice – Adam Mecinski;
Kruszyna - until 1789 Konstancja nee Danilowicz, married Potocka. 1789 - Adam Potocki.
Kuzniczka - Antoni Kiedrzynski with Paciorkowski;
Wierzchowisko - part to Antoni Kiedrzynski,
Wilkowiecko - 1783 owned by Maksymilian Chodakowski. 1790 - Jakub Fryderyk Psarski.
Wola Hankowska - Bartlomiej Trepka, and Antoni Kiedrzynski.

In Kalisz:

in 1774, Wojciech Ciesielski, the son of Antoni Ciesielski, the grandson of Krzysztof Ciesielski. In a court with Marianna Gawlowska, also Jan; Izydor and Florjan Ciesielski - brothers in Zdzenice Skrzyszczyzna and the owners of Ciesielszczyzna.
Vs Kasper Kiedrzynski, son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski-Kiedrzynska. It was sold part of Skrzeszczyzna.

In 1735 in KALISZ:
Kazimierz Ciesielski, son of named above Krzysztof Ciesielski and Maria Dzenicki-Ciesielska, on behalf of Stanislaw; Antoni and Jan Ciesielski - brothers, about Zdzenice Skrzeszczyzna in part ceded to Marcjan Zdzenicki.

Zdzenice / Zdzienice, close to TUREK, and Malanów; south-west to TUREK, 18 km north-west to DOBRA; 14 km north to MADALIN and BEDZIECHOW of Kiedrzynski; 4 km north-east to MALANOW, 20 km north-west to MILEJOW [see GLUCHOW !].

Prior of the monastery at Jasna Góra:
Anastazy Kiedrzynski 05.1719 - 05.1722.


The GOMOLINSKI family:

Stanislaw Gomolinski official in Wielun, who was Jan's son from Szpinkowno, and two daughters, Anna and Barbara.

Piotr Gomolinski b. ca 1510, official in Sieradz, married widow Mieszkowska, with 2 sons:
Jan Gomolinski and
Mikolaj, and 4 daughters:
Barbara, Weronika, Urszula and Anna b. ca 1545 ?;
Piotr was the owner of Lopatki.
Above sons -
A.
born ca 1530, Jan [Jan Gomolinski in the Sieradz province] + Belzacka, with children:
1. mistake - see sons of Mikolaj ! Born ca 1550, Stanislaw the bishop of Chelm, and Kamieniec, who by Jan Zamojski, chancellor, in 1589, in the Lublin, was appointed guardian;

2. Florian, b. ca 1580 ?;
3. Marcin.

Come from Florian or from Marcin Gomolicki - in 1764: Andrzej Gomolinski, from the Leczyca province; Ludwik Roch Sariusz Gomolinski, colonel and Piotr Sariusz Gomolicki, the major of the Crown.

4. Kazimierz Gomolinski b. ca 1580/1610, was the son of Jan Gomolinski, junior b. ca 1550? Kazimierz Gomolinski, of Lazinska, had son
Wladyslaw Gomolinski, and Wladyslaw [Wladyslawa GOMOLINSKI born ca 1630] married Slomkowska with the son
Jan Gomolinski [born ca 1660/1670]. Jan with Bielicka had 3 sons:
Antoni; Franciszek; Karol [b. 1700 ?].

Note:
JAN GOMOLINSKI b. ca 1665, had son:
Karol Sariusz-Gomolinski 1696-1784, died in Krosniewice,
Polish judge, medical chamberlain. Named Karol Saryusz Jelita Gomolinski b. 1696, chamberlain of Leczyca, m. Helena Pokrzywnicka with the son Ignacy Gomolinski, the instigator.
Ignacy born ca 1725.
Ignacy's sisters:
1. b. ca 1738, Józefata Sariusz-Gomolinska 1738-1823, primo voto Count Skarbek, General major; secundo voto Szymon Dzierzbicki official in Leczyca.
2.
b. ca 1740, Marianna + Count Opacki of MINSK.

B.
b. ca 1530, Mikolaj + Myszkowska, the daughter of Marcin Myszkowski, official in Wielun, with 3 sons of named MIKOLAJ GOMOLINSKI:
1. Stanislaw, priest in Krakow; bishop in Luck,
2. b. ca 1560, Jedrzej the brother of Stanislaw bishop, married Debowska of Sieradz.
3. Florian Gomolinski of Sieradz, MP in 1595.

Aleksander Gomolinski b. ca. 1610, d. ca 1667, had 2 sons:
1. b. ca 1640, Samuel Gomolinski, maybe in the Radomsko county, by his mother Barbara Malachowska Gomolinska,
2. Aleksander Gomolinski + Teresa Lipska had son
Jan, b. ca 1645, and daughter Ewa born ca 1646, inf. 1667, after Swientoslaw Lipski, the priest of Choczki in the Kalisz province took heirloom.

Jan Gomolinski m. Zbijewska, but she died in 1687, Cracow.
We know on Pawel Gomolinski d. 1711, Bishop of Kiev from 1698, royal secretary.

The Pstrokonski - Kiedrzynski - Gomolinski branch:

Pstrokonski Franciszek Ksawery 1715 - ca 1783, m. Agnieszka Nieniewska d. 1776, with Marianna, and Wiktoria [b. ca 1740 ?] married Marcin Kiedrzynski [b. before or ca 1720], son of Jakub Kiedrzynski

{Marcin Kiedrzynski b. before or ca 1720, son of Jakub Kiedrzynski senior, 1668 - 1729, and Ewa Gomolinska b. ca 1680}

and his wife Anna Gomolinska or Ewa Gomolinska b. ca 1680.

Brothers and cousins of Marcin Kiedrzynski

(Marcin Kiedrzynski b. before or ca 1720, come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. 1668
[Gomolinska Anna / Ewa m. Jakub Kiedrzynski SENIOR, d. 1729 - the Wielun officer]
- owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county):

1. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski the 3rd, junior, b. 1738 in WILCZKOW; in 1775 court with Anna [JULIANNA] about Kurow (see Walewski; close to Wola Pszczolecka; see Malkiewicz!) close to Wielun; inf. in 1786 and 1788 in Kalisz.
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, and JAKUB was the owner of Orpiszewek.
WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish.
JAKUB died in 1798.
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

See: Erasmus Mycielski and Szaniawski Jan Kalasanty.

The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz [born in 1738 in Wilczkow] who helped to this family. Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski junior, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Above Józef MADALINSKI, Captain in 1809 m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

2. Jan Kiedrzynski b. ?
(others with the first name Jan: Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 and Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province),

3. Andrzej Kiedrzynski (senior) - b. ca 1715/1720, owner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko / Orpiszewek [see Izydor Kiedrzynski and his son - Gabriel / Gabryel Kiedrzynski].

4. Ignacy Kiedrzynski / Ignacy Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of named above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:

In 1764 in Wielgomlyny, Ignacy Kiedrzynski of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zablocka 1 voto Swiecicka (widow, a woman who has lost her husband by death).

Cousins of above named Marcin Kiedrzynski, come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior, the Wielun officer:

1. Kasper or Kacper Kiedrzynski, with wife Maryanna Arcichowska.

2. Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska, m. Adam Rogujski owner of Wola Murowana, 9 km south of Opoczno - inf. in 1781 and 1782.

3. Michal Kiedrzynski b. after 1745, owner of Kamyk close to Klobuck and Wilkowiecko - in the Cracow province, west of Kiedrzyn, east of the Polish border and Prussia - inf. 1783 - 1788; in 1781, Colonel Chodakowski bought the estate Wilkowiecko - 14 km north-west of Kamyk of the Kiedrzynskis, and 9 km north-west of Klobuck - then to the Psarskis.

Kamyk, close to Klobuck (26 km to the Austrian border and 12 km north-west of Czestochowa), was the Kiedrzynski property since 1672 from the Bielski brothers, owned by Franciszek Kiedrzynski - inf. 1669 in the Wielun county; born ca 1625; Franciszek Kiedrzynski was the brother of Ignacy, Jan, and Stanislaw Kiedrzynski - inf. 1669 of the Wielun county; Franciszek was son of Piotr Kiedrzynsky b. ca 1595 - inf. of 1621 on the Wielun county. Piotr was the branch of Jan Kiedrzynski vel Kierzynski, with the Ostoja coat of arms, b. ca 1565, inf. of 1590 in Kolo, about Jan - writer of Ostrzeszow, again inf. of 1606 in Wielun

4. Wojciech Kiedrzynski born 1745 in Kiedrzyn, killed by Russians in Krzepice on 05 November 1768; he was living in the Sieradz province. Krzepice - Czestochowa i Klobuck were the centre of the Bar Confederation in 1768.

5. Antoni Aleksy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1740, owner of Kamyk, Kiedrzyn - inf. 1745, Lechow(o), Kuznica Kiedrzynska, Wola Kiedrzynska north of Czestochowa, officer in Latyczow, the Ostoja coat of arms, he lost assets.
Kiedrzynski taken out loans in the Royal Prussian Bank in Berlin. His land estate was in debt (the Kiedrzyn property). This was in the years 1793 - 1806. In 1815 the Government of the Polish Kingdom took over debts owed by the Kiedrzyn property and took over the management of this lands in Kiedrzyn (in the jurisdiction of the State).
The Kiedrzyn estate was situated in the Lelow county, the Cracow province, south-east of Kamyk of the Kiedrzynskis, north of Czestochowa, east of Liswarta river - the border of Poland and Prussia.


We back to conspirators:

Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo.

The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and Kosciuszko in Paris.

The main activists were:
Jan Orchowski / John Aloysius Orchowski,
Raymond Rembielinski [see Wiktor Rembielinski],
Andrzej HORODYSKI / Andrew Horodyski and
Erazm Mycielski / Erasmus Mycielski.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo [son of ANTONI], freemason, in 1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director - after ERAZM Mycielski - of the Society of Polish Republicans.

Horodyski Andrzej maintained correspondence with J. K. Szaniawski in 1802.

Andrzej Horodyski, a friend of the duke Józef Poniatowski, in 1831, the deputy of the minister of the FOREIGN Affairs in Warsaw. His portrait, painted by Benner in 1816.
Note at margin:
Franciszek Kostrzewski - a painter, illustrator, associated with the Warsaw artistic community, was born in 1826 in Warsaw, invited and hosted by noblemen and landowners, he was among others at Sulkowskis in Rydzyna, Chlapowski in Turwia, Koscielski in Karczyn, and Horodyski in Molodiatycze.
Molodiatycze - village in Poland located in the Lublin province, close to Trzeszczany, 18 km west of Hrubieszów.
In 1578, the village belonged to the Branicki family. In the 18th century Molodiatycze were the property of the Wyszynski. Around 1823, the village was inherited by the daughter of Tomasz Wyszynski and brought them in the dowry to Antoni Horodyski (1798-1877).

Antoni Horodyski junior, 1798-1877, son of Ignacy Horodyski and Teresa Koczorowska.
Ignacy Horodyski, 1776-1856, son of Antoni Horodyski senior, born ca 1740, official in DYNEBURG + Ksawera Jaworska.
Above Ignacy Horodyski 1776 / 1780-1856.
Note:
The Baworowo castle in the TARNOPOL county; close to Zastaw; 21 south-east to Tarnopol / Tiernopil; west to SKALAT; south to ZBARAZ. Brody - see PASZKOWSKI - ca 90 km north-west to Tarnopol.
A wooden castle was located on a hill, and in the 17th century, the stronghold was rebuilt. The Malecki family around 1800 abandoned the castle; in 1851, the estate was bought by Count Wiktor Baworowski from Malecki. See:
Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo [son of ANTONI + 1st wife JUSTYNA MARCHOCKA HORODYSKA; Antoni Horodyski senior, 2nd married to Ksawera Jaworska], freemason, in 1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director - after ERAZM Mycielski - of the Society of Polish Republicans. Horodyski Andrzej Michal d. ca 1857.
In 1773 named Baworów belonged to the Galician Podole in AUSTRIA.
Andrzej Michal Horodyski in 1796 became the activist of Lviv Centralization.
See: Ignacy Horodyski b. ca 1780-1856, the son of Antoni Horodyski senior, and Ksawera Jaworska.
Jadwiga Horodyska b. ca 1830-1903, the daughter of Antoni Horodyski junior, 1798-1877, and Ignacja Wyszynska - see above Molodiatycze.
The son Wladyslaw, married to Józefa Chrzanowska. In 1866, a distillery was in Molodiatycze - compare Wola Wiazowa. Before 1890, the village was in the hands of Antoni Horodyski, son of Wladyslaw. Antoni Horodyski 3rd, 1858-1902, first married to Józefa Rostworowska, and after her death to Taida Wodzicka.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski / Michal Andrzej Horodyski, b. 1773, translator, and Freemason. Wedding about 1800.
Translator together with Szaniawski, 1808; also with S. Staszic, F. K. Dmochowski, A. and K. Gliszczynski, A. Wyganowski, M. Wodzynski.
Horodyski Andrzej Michal, 1798 co-organizer and secretary of the Polish Republicans Society; Jacobin, 1807-09 he cooperated in organizing the Polish authorities; 1831, the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1830-1831) - the head Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. Wincenty Niemojowski - vice president, head of the Administration and Police Department.
In 1831, Minister of Internal Affairs and Police has been appointed Bonawentura Niemojowski then Antoni Gliszczynski; Wiktor Rembielinski the minister of justice.

Horodyski Andrzej Michal, 1798, took over these functions - secretary of the Polish Republicans Society - after ERAZM Mycielski. 1801, the direction of the Society.
Maintained encrypted correspondence with H. Kollataj - became one of Kollataja's closest friends.

In 1802, he became a shareholder of the Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp. - commercial house, which was also opened in Odessa, to which they also received:
P. Maleszewski
[see Venture de Paradise / Sulkowski / Napoleon, and Breguet - Duflon in Russia + Konstantynowicz, Nobel, Armand],
J. K. Szaniawski
[area of Wieruszow and Szaniawski was the family of Erazm Mycielski. General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski approached Gen. Dabrowski's opponents - he became friend with Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski and Andrzej Horodyski, with whom he was later considered, at the time of the Duchy of Warsaw, as one of the leaders of "Polish Jacobins"]
and J. Drzewiecki
[see DUFLON in St. Petersburg co-operated with DRZEWIECKI - his family. Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company financed Lenin's activities through a wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz, ie. Anna Konstantynowicz nee ARMAND - she come from Maria Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. Anna was the best friend of Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin].

Andrzej HORODYSKI after the invasion of the Russians in 1813, he became associated with Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. In time of The November Uprising was connected with General Skrzynecki. He was a member of the freemasonry lodge of Isis / Izis in 1811/1812, a member of the Great Kazimierz Wielki in 1819/1820 [1816, Casimir the Great worked until the dissolution in 1821]. Izis in the east of Warsaw - a Polish masonic lodge opened on April 1, 1780.

Note at margin:
Michal Jerzy Poniatowski b. 1736, d. 1794 in Warsaw, the Plock bishop in 1773, the Freemason, son of Stanislaw Poniatowski, and Konstancja Czartoryska; the brother of the King Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
MICHAL had son Piotr Maleszewski
[closest to Jozef KALASANTY Szaniawski, and Horodyski] - see Sulkowski + Venture de Paradise, also Breguet and Duflon - Konstantynowicz.


Paszkowski and Mielzynski, Uminski, Madalinski, PRADZYNSKI, Plater - close to Wloclawek / Brzesc Kujawski / Radziejow [in later times LEOPOLD KRONENBERG]:

Sons of TOMASZ Paszkowski and REGINA:
Michal Paszkowski 1st and
Jan Paszkowski [born 1742; he was living in Mokrsko in 1742 - the father of General Franciszek Paszkowski and the grandfather of Maria Paszkowska ARMAND from Moscow - see Apolon Konstantynowicz].

Jan Paszkowski [1742-ca 1800] moved home to Ukraine [ca 1776 ?]. Maybe his brother [cousin ?] was Piotr Paszkowski b. ca 1733 married Elzbieta nee Nietyks, with son Paszkowski Michal 2nd (1761 in Brzesc Litewski - after 1819), Colonel in 1794 in Brzesc Litewski, an official in Oszmiany; studied 1775-1779. In 1789 he bought Zabludow in the Grodno county. The friend of Hieronim Radziwill and of Michal Zaleski manager to Dominik Radziwill; Michal Paszkowski was closest to CONSPIRATOR, Karol Prozor in 1812. In 1808-1820 he taken from hands of Radziwill, Naliboki. After 1819 / 1820 no inf.

Michal Paszkowski 1st [b. ca 1725/1730] was an official in Malbork, moved in Volhynia, m. Monika Piotrowska of the Chelm area, daughter of Mikolaj and Katarzyna nee Plonski, Piotrowska, with a few children.

Józef PASZKOWSKI of Brzezie [b. ca 1765 ?], the son of Jan Paszkowski of the Cracow province [b. 1742], moved to the Great Poland and left son - inf. in 1788 - owner of landestate close to Sampolno, [compare MADALINSKI, UMINSKI, Bajkowska-Kiedrzynska] in Skotniki.

SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI

- 12/13 km north-west to Radziejow

[RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejów in 1762; he was living 1733-1793; the son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska; the father of Prokop Mielzynski];

20 km west to RUSZKI

[ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (1729-after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski; she was widowed in 1784; b. in Pieranie and married in 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710-before 1784), the Bydgoszcz official, with children: Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743, in Sobiesiernie, the Pieranie parish - north-west-north to RADZIEJOW). Pieranie - 22 km north-west to RUSZKI and 26 km north-west to BADKOWO. Sobiesiernie - 1 km west to PIERANIE and 27 km north-west to BADKOWO. Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie - see the granddaughter of JAKUB Kiedrzynski ! - close to Badkowo. Ksawera Franciszek Uminska with son Adam Kasper Mieroslawski born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc];

21 km west-south-west to Koscielna Wies

[compare: the children of Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; he in 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; an official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski d. 1798. And grandchildren of Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin. Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO; west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek; bef 1750 the estate also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish; the owners: ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska. His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865 -1954), writer];

26 km west to BADKOWO

[Bedkowo - BADKOWO, 15 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski. JAN Madalinski was the grandfather of GENERAL Antoni Madalinski. Jan Madalinski b. 1665/1670; then in BADKOWO after a death of his wife Marjanna Klobski ca 1704; he became a priest in BADKOWO parish ca 1705. His daughter Franciszka + Józef Kicki, inf. 1754 about Franciszka and her brother - Józef. Great-grandfather of General Antoni Madalinski: Feliks Jan, MADALINSKI, b. 1630, married Katarzyna Porczynski b. ca 1650.

Osiecz Wielki is situated 10 km south-west of Chocen; 10 km north-west of CHODECZ; east of Izbica Kujawska; south of Wloclawek, BADKOWO and Brzesc Kujawski.
Osiecz Wielki - here was born Jacek Plater in 1932, son of Count and landowner. Jacek come from Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750. Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river. Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita];

near Bodzanowo

[a village in the Radziejow county, near to Dobre; the royal village, which L. Mielzynski since 1616 has received in the pledge; in 1789 - Aleksander Modlinski. 1795 - gen. Henryk Rudolf Bischofswerder; the village is situated 11 /12 km west of BADKOWO - that is 14 / 15 km to above SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI];

37 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski

[Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA]
and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847 [note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].
Nepomucena Pradzynska married 1st to Antoni Moszczenski, ca 1810 to ca 1825, son of
Aleksander Ezechiel Moszczenski official in Brzesc Kujawski [!], 1759-1846,
and Marianna Radziminska. Nepomucena's children: Teodor 1812-1831; Ignacy 1813-1880; Aleksander 1819-1829; Antoni Stefan Tadeusz 1822-1829.

Michal MADALINSKI, m. 2nd (?) time to Katarzyna Rudzki, with children: Anna Konstancja + Antoni Turski; and Franciszek, the priest in Kruszwica and in Brzesc Kujawski in 1724;
also the son Samuel,
Lukasz,
Walenty.
Samuel in 1731 was the owner of CHOCEN. Samuel Madalinski died before 1738, left children with his wife Wiktorja Wierzbowski: Jakób and Eufrozyna + Jakób Krasnicki. Jakób Madalinski in 1748 was the owner of Cerekwia / CEREKIEW 8/9 km west to RADOM. But sold this property - he was living close to Brzesc Kujawski and KOWAL.
Above Lukasz Madalinski, official in KOWAL close to Wloclawek, in 1727, in 1748; bought a part of named above Cerekiew in 1748; his brother - Walenty - inf. 1767. Married Ewa Estka, with the daughter Teresa + Stanislaw Dambski in 1771, official in BRZESC KUJAWSKI. Teresa died after 1796. Lukasz's son - Zenon Bonawentura Madalinski.
Named above Walenty Madalinski, official in KOWAL in 1740, in Brzesc Kujawski in 1746; he bought Borzymowice in 1740 - 4 km west to CHOCEN; m. Helena Umiastowski, with the son - Józef Madalinski, and daughter - Franciszka Krystyna, born in 1734 m. 1st to Piotr Skarbek; 2nd she married to Kasper Slawinski - official in KONIN in 1782.
Mentioned here Józef Madalinski, official in Inowroclaw in 1770, and in Kowal in 1770; died in 1775; his aunt Skarbkowa / Skarbek, had a court case about Borzymowice and Laki Markowe in 1775 with the Parliament envoy; they took Swietoslawice in 1778. Józef Madalinski married Teodora Polichnowska, with sons: Ludwik Madalinski the son probably to the 1st wife Teodora Modlinski; and Aleksy Antoni Madalinski, b. June 1762; and a daughters. In 1796 a court case vs Libiszowski; in 1797 Ludwik and Aleksy Madalinski bought Kieszków, Cerekiew and Zatopolice, from General Antoni Madalinski. Kieszek close to Radom. Zatopolice west to CEREKIEW - both situated 12 and 8 km west to RADOM].


The UMINSKI - Kiedrzynski - Madalinski - Mieroslawski branch [+ Pradzynski - Mielzynski - Kiedrzynski line]:
Stanislaw Uminski b. 1760, d. 1811, the royal chamberlain + Tekla b. 1775 + Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826
[2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski. Jozefa was the daughter of Franciszka Kiedrzynska Bajkowska, and the granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz, and Brygida Bardzki. The great-granddaughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1715/1720].
See about BADKOWO - below.

At the beginning on his family:

Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700 + Teresa Rogalinski,
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700 and
Andrzej Uminski, b. ca 1700 + Apolinara Niemojewski, most likely were a brothers [a cousins ?].

HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730 - 1792), son of above mentioned Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski, the Bielsk governor; the owner of the Czeluscin estate in the then Gostyn county in 1778, m. in 1767 in Biechowo [at half way from Wrzesnia to Miloslaw - south to named Wrzesnia] to Franciszka Ryszewska (b. ca 1750-died after 1784); Hilary's children:
Marianna;
Róza;
Maksymilian UMINSKI;
Jan Uminski;
Teresa;
Katarzyna nee Uminska.

Around 1512, Stanislaw Zelik, who had previously built musical organs in the St. Mary's Church in Brzesc KUJAWSKI, built new in the cathedral in Gniezno. The bishop Bonawentura Madalinski [see below on his genealogy], the founder of the new instrument, was commissioned the organmaster of Torun, Mateusz Brandtner - it was completed at the end of 1691.

Localities connected with life of the Uminski - Kiedrzynski family close to Wloclawek:
Pocierzyn - 9 km west to BADKOWO !

Ruszki - 6 km to BADKOWO !

Krotoszyn - 6 km south-west to Badkowo.

Wysocin - 7 km east to named Krotoszyn; 5 km south-west to BRZEZIE ! and 5 km south-east to Badkowo.

Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the landowner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN, had the son:
Kazimierz Uminski b. before 1730, the founder of a chapel in Ruszki; he bought in 1746 named Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; the border bailiff in BRZESC KUJAWSKI, married to Teresa Besiekierski; d. 1798.
KAZIMIERZ UMINSKI had children:
1. son Józef Uminski d. 1805, Archdeacon of the cathedral of Luck;
2. Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski;
with Antoni's children:
1. Jan Chrzciciel (Baptysta) Uminski 1778 - d. ca 1851, he has sold together with his uncle Konstanty, village Nikonowka near Zytomierz;
2. Wincenty Uminski b. 1788 (? - in the Radziejow county); and his daughter Justyna Uminska + Onufry Uminski of Ruszki; and grandson - Julian Uminski, painter + Tekla Bogdanska,
3. Modesta Uminska b. 1786 + Kasper Górski d. before 1832 + Cyprian Pyzinski (Wola Prosperowa west to ZYCHLIN);
4. Katarzyna Uminska b. 1792 + Leon Gasiorowski (Pocierzyn near RUSZKI); and the last - Marianna Brodzki and Tekla Kalinowska.
Next son of above KAZIMIERZ b. ca 1730:
Konstanty Uminski, with a daughter Rozalia Uminska + Jan Morzycki, Captain, d. 1830, the owner of Chociszew close to OZORKOW.
With a granddaughter Eufrazyna Morzycka, 1825 - 1860 Nikonówka + Kazimierz Jan Pienkowski;

and next son and daughters of named
Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730:
Stanislaw Uminski 1760 - 1811, served at the Royal Court + m. 1st Tekla b. 1775; m. 2nd to a granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski - the great-granddaughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski of WILCZKOW, b. ca 1715/1720 !
Brief explanation - Michal Bajkowski the owner of Czepy, official in Kalisz, married in 1785, to Franciszka Kiedrzynska, daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz, and Brygida Bardzki, with the daughter Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826, m. Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow, 2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski, 1786-1840, son of Antoni and Eleonora Boryslawski, the owner of Zimotki; Stanislaw's Uminski 1st wife was TEKLA b. 1775.

Kazimiera Uminska died in 1786;

Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski; that is Ksawera Uminska b. ca 1750 - ca 1800 + Antoni Mieroslawski ca 1740 - ca 1810 [see the dictator of the January Uprising in 1863].

Note to Eufrozyna Morzycka (1825-1860, Nikonówka) + Kazimierz Jan Pienkowski, with Stanislaw Rafal Ludwik Morzycki, b. 1827, and grandson - Eugeniusz Morzycki (in Siberia) b. 1870, d. 1913.

Above Jan Morzycki, Captain of the 3rd Infantry Regiment, died 1830; was the second son of Jan Morzycki, received his inheritance from brother Pawel in 1802. Jan in 1808 was in the rank of lieutenant, and on the same day he was captain of the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy. The recruits came from the Brzeziny, Gostyn, Leczyca, and Lowicz. In 1808 he was stationed in Warsaw.

We again confirm that Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the landowner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN, also Antoni UMINSKI + Teresa Rogalinski, and Andrzej + Apolinara Niemojewski, maybe were a brothers.

HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730-1792), the son of mentioned above Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski; the owner of Czeluscin in the GOSTYN county, in 1778; married in 1767 in Biechowo, to Franciszka Ryszewska (b. ca 1750-d. after 1784).

ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (before 1729-d. after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski, of Bydgoszcz; Rozalia was the widow in 1784; Rozalia was born in Pieranie; m. 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710- before 1784), official in Bydgoszcz; her daughter - Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743 in Sobiesiernie, in the Pieranie parish).

Pieranie - 21 km west to BADKOWO and 18 km north to RADZIEJOW !

The BAJKOWSKI / Baykowski family:

They come from Bajki Stare:
Michal Bajkowski the owner of Czepy [CZEPOW - 12 km north to UNIEJOW, north-east to TUREK], official in Kalisz [south-west to TUREK], married in 1785, to Franciszka Kiedrzynska, daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz [see WILCZKOW], and Brygida Bardzki [see Walknowski - Mielzynski branch],
with children:
A. Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826, m. Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow [close to PLESZEW], 2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski, 1786-1840, son of Antoni and Eleonora Boryslawski, the owner of Zimotki [east to TUREK; close to Przykona and north to DOBRA !]; Stanislaw's 1st wife was TEKLA b. 1775.

B. Roch Józef Ludwik b. 1790, the owner of Fulki and Kalów, m. Józefata Kossobudzka, born in Fulki in 1791.

Czepy / CZEPOW: 12 km north to UNIEJOW.

Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow, 7 km north-east to BIEGANIN of Kiedrzynski and north to Gorzenko [we know Bronow 2nd east to UNIEJOW, and south-east to named above CZEPOW] -
Stanislaw Uminski b. 1760, d. 1811, m. + 1st Tekla b. 1775;
his sisters:
Kazimiera Uminska d. 1786;
Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski,
and his brothers:
Józef Uminski d. 1805, of LUCK;
Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski;
Konstanty Uminski.

Mentioned Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski had daughters:
Marianna Uminska b. 1799, d. bef. 1832 + Brodzki of Fundowo ? close to WARTA; and Józefa and also Tekla Uminska Kalinowski of KALISZ.

They were children of Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski d. 1798;
and grandchildren of Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin.

Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO; west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek;
bef 1750 the estate also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish; the owners:
ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska.
His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer.


Note to Badkowo / BEDKOWO / Badkow:
A.
Wladyslaw Jan Sulimierski b. 1830 in Lubiec, d. 1866, m. in ca 1850 to Wanda Walewska b. 1832, daughter of Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka, Kalinowski, Oginski, Trubecki, Konstantynowicz) 1802-1835 and Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832. Natalia Kreska was daughter of Florian Stanislaw Józef Kreski b. in 1771 Grebanin - died in 1838, owner of Maslowice, who married in 1803 in Weglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karsnicka d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karsnicki and Józefa Maslowski.

Above Napoleon WALEWSKI was son of Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 who m. Antonina Kalinowska with sons:

1. Karol Franciszek Salezy b. 1795 + Maria Radolinska
with children: Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857 + Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski 1816-1897;

and 2. above Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835 who married to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832.

About above mentioned Antonina KARSNICKA and her children:

a. Laura Rozamunda KRESKA b. 1805 in Grebanin, d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, son of Marcin SULIMIERSKI and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,

b. Natalia Marianna KRESKA born in 1804 in Grebanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski owner of Pstrokonie, son of Ludwik Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835),

c. Edward Napoleon Kreski born in 1806 Weglewice, d. 1879, owner of Maslowice, judge in Wielun, owner estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Lazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Lask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kreska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski and Brygida Kozuchowski [!], 3rd m. in 1852 in Maslowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy.

Tomasz KOWALSKI who died 1812, owner of Rakowice and Bedkowo, m. in 1789 in Lubczyna, to Helena Karsnicka daughter of Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki official in Ostrzeszow; second time Helena Kowalska - Karsnicka married to Feliks Murzynowski,
with:
Jozefa or Honorata Józefa KOWALSKA born ca 1807, Myjonice, m. in 1820, to Nestor Julian Wezyk of OSINY 1795-1862, from Myjonice in the Ostrzeszow county, son of Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk of Osiny b. 1750 and Marianna Fundament-Karsnicka of Karsznice 1767-1817.
B.
Children of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karsnicki, 1731 - 1820 + Józefa Jadwiga Maslowska [see above]:
1. Józef Jastrzebiec Karsnicki 1784-1862;
2. Idzi Karsnicki (ca 1765 ? / 1780-1835 or E. Karsnicki);
3. Magdalena Jastrzebiec Karsnicka - SULIMIERSKA, born in ca 1784,
4. Antonina Fundament Karsnicka - KRESKA, d. 1862,
5. Helena Karsnicka - KOWALSKA - MURZYNOWSKA,
6. Wiktoria PSARSKA, Fundament - Karsnicka b. ca 1775 - died in 1844 in Biala; m. Franciszek Psarski b. ca 1770.
7. Marianna Wezyk; she was the mother of Nestor Julian Wezyk and Faustyna Kobierzycka.

Geographic remarks:

Rakowice - close to WROBLEW, 3 km north to Charlupia Wielka; west to SIERADZ.

Bedkowo - BADKOWO, 15 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski.

Lubczyna - 3 km west to CIESZECIN; 8 km north to Wieruszow, 9 km west to Galewice.
Lyskornia - north-west to Kurow; 4 km south to Walichnowy;

Weglowice - 9 km south to Truskolasy and west to Czestochowa; 6 km north to ex-Silesian border.

KIERZNO - 9 km north-west to Wieruszow.
C.
Brief note to the de Weydenthal family [and about BRZEZIE, WIENIEC, Badkowo / BEDKOW / BEDKOWO]:

Please, you remember, there are two or three important in our context the villages called Brzezie.
A landproperty of that name, Brzezie, is located between Wloclawek and Radziejów, close to the village WIENIEC and Badkowo [see KRONENBERG].

Jadwiga Barthel de Weydenthal - Brzeska, b. 1884 in BADKOWO, d. 1961, soldier of the I Brigade, activist of the independence, sculptress, godmother of the ship Batory. She was the daughter of Zdzislaw and Aniela Rózanska; sister of above Przemyslaw Barthel de Weydenthal - Colonel; Jerzy Barthel de Weydenthal; Jan Barthel de Weydenthal and Maria Barthel de Weydenthal - activists of the independence, a teacher in the high school, a nun of the Ursuline Sisters. Jadwiga studied at home, later in Paris at the Sorbonne, then was in the country in 1905-1906. In 1916-1919 studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw.
D.
Nadróz close to Rogowo, in the Rypin county. The village belonged to Nadrowski, at the end of 18th cent. to Balinski and Kretkowski; ca 1812 Adam Nadrowski taken all estate.
Nadróz ca 1850 bought Wilhelm Fryderyk Barthel von Weidenthal, who was an administrator of Antoni Suminski estate in Zbójno. Then in 1856 to his son Alfred Kalikst Barthel. 1886 Nadróz with Balin to Alfred Józef Barthel, son of Alfred Kalikst. The last in Nadróz - to 1939 - was Artur Barthel, son of Alfred Józef who acted also in Rypin.
Nadróz - 9 km south of RYPIN; north of Wloclawek and LIPNO.
See Swiedziebnia - 16 km north-east of RYPIN.
Brzezno near to Lipno [see Golub-Dobrzyn and PLOCK !];
Marianowo, in the Rypin County, close to Golub-Dobrzyn and RYPIN - 13 km north-west of RYPIN.
CHOCEN close to KOWAL and Izbica Kujawska [see my Encyclopedia].
Brzezie, BADKOWO and Wieniec - west of Wloclawek.

Barthel de Weydenthal - in BEDKOW or BADKOWO and see BRZEZIE [KRONENBERG - see Tyminska and Wojtyla], 7 km east of Bedków / BADKOWO.
E.
Osiecz Wielki - ca 1810 this land property was owned by the Bninski family.
In 1870 these estates also included: Osiecz Wielki, Osiecz Maly, Kucice, Biezyn, Arciszewo, Wola Paruszewska and Uklejnice.
At the beginning of the 20th cent. to the Plater family. Osiecz Wielki is situated 10 km south-west of Chocen; 10 km north-west of CHODECZ; east of Izbica Kujawska; south of Wloclawek, BADKOWO and Brzesc Kujawski. Osiecz Wielki - here was born Jacek Plater in 1932, son of Count and landowner.
Count Witold Maria Broel Plater, 1893-1962 - in 1922 - built the private elementary school in assets Osiecz Wielki and Osiecz Maly; he was the son of Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count and Aleksandra Maria Helena POTOCKA, Broel-Plater, 1863-1918.
Named Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count, b. 1843 in Belmont, died in 1911 in Bad Nauheim, Germany, was the son of Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater and Idalia Adelajda SOBANSKA b. 1808;
father of Ignacy; Antoni Broel-Plater and Witold Maria Aleksander Broel-Plater; brother of Konstanty Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater; Wlodzimierz Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater and Feliks Broel-Plater.

Above Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, was the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750.

Above
Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river.

Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita. Michal OGINSKI was the son of Leon Kazimierz Oginski, b. ca 1658, who was the brother of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski b. ca 1664.

F.
Now about Mielzynski of Radziejów / Radziejów Kujawski:

Piolunowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów, south-west of BADKOWO; west of WIENIEC; landowner Mikolaj Roskowski, then since 1616 - Mielzynski, and in 1631 - Stanislaw Legocki.

RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejów in 1762; he was living 1733-1793
[son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski {Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska};
father of Prokop Mielzynski;
Anna Maria Mycielska and Józef Mielzynski Count;
brother of Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski];
his wife Seweryna Lipska b. ca 1750, died in 1804 - Chobienice [see: Count Jan Mielzynski b. 1831 - Chobienice].

Maksymilian (Maksymilian Antoni Jan), son of Andrzej MIELZYNSKI and Bninska [Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski b. 19.10.1698 + Anna Petronella Bninska b. ca 1720], born 1737 / 1738, MP in 1773, had the right of succession to the property after a father [Adam Dadzbog Baranowski] of his great-grandmother Teresa Baranowska, that is Grocholno, Rospedek, Debogóra, Lankowice, Malice, Gromadna, Spióry, Bak, Tupadl, Siernik, Szamocin Lastkowy, but
he has assigned in 1771 to Maciej MIELZYNSKI all above properties;
he taking over his father's pledge of assets:
Zytowiecko, Mala Leka and Grodziszczko, and bought all named in 1771 from hands of Jan Nepomucen Mycielski.
From hands of Duke Antoni Sulkowski, bought in 1791
Zduny and villages: Perzyce, Borownica, Chachalnia, Ujazd, Baszków !, Bestwin, Trzaski, Trafary, Kobylin and Rembiechów, Dlugoleka, Bartoszek.
Maksymilian Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in 1799, and he put away a part of land property Konary in 1772, to his wife Konstancja Czapska, and Rozalia nee Czapska.
His daughter Józefa (Józefa Nepomucena Rozalia Konstancja Franciszka), b. in Rabin, 1773, m. 1790 in Pawlowice to Augustyn Kozminski, but she died in 1792 in Wronki. Next daughters: Helena, died in Rabin in 1774;
Katarzyna (Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia), b. Rabin, 1775, m. in Pawlowice in 1793 to Prokop Mielzynski; she died in 1817.

Czolowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów.

Bodzanowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Dobre; the royal village, which L. Mielzynski since 1616 has received in the pledge; in 1789 - Aleksander Modlinski. 1795 - gen. Henryk Rudolf Bischofswerder; the village is situated 11 km west of BADKOWO.
G.
Brzezie close to Wloclawek [+ Badkowo] and the LANCKORONSKI family [Brzezie + Jedlno, Wola Pszczolecka]:

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski / ADAM, 1740-1796, m. Aniela Stadnicka with daughter Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 / 1790 {maybe ca 1780}.
Piotr RADOLINSKI, MP in 1790, 1760-1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.
Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski. Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746 -1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755 [maybe before 1755];
Barbara was sister of:
Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 who married to above Ewa Mecinska of JEDLNO;
Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski;
and maybe above Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.

Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, born 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer, and his wife - above
Barbara LANCKORONSKA, b. ca 1771 [not in 1780] - 1849 / 1850?
1.
Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval was industrialist and philanthropist. He was the third son among five children of a wealthy Jewish merchant Jacob Loewenstein and Dorothy Kronenberg, older sister of Leopold Kronenberg; after graduating in 1855 of the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry at Marymont in Warsaw, he worked as administrator of property of Kronenberg in Brzezie in the area of Wloclawek. 1857 - went to Calvinism. 1882 lived mainly in Brussels and Nice.
2.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK [see Lipno and Plock !], close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski. BRZEZIE was the land property of Józef Dambski, b. ca 1810, son of Józef Walenty Dambski b. 1777 and Marcjanna Marianna Leszczynska born 1785.
Jozef Dambski's great-grandparents:
Tomasz Dambski of Inowroclaw, 1690-1748;
Lukasz Madalinski of Kowal, b. 1700
[Michal MADALINSKI m. Katarzyna Rudzki, with children:
Anna Konstancja + Antoni Turski,
Franciszek Madalinski, the priest in Kruszwica, and in Brzesc Kujawski (?) in 1724;
Samuel Madalinski;
mentioned above Lukasz Madalinski;
and the last - Walenty.
Samuel MADALINSKI in 1731 save - give the comission a sum of money from the Chocen estate close to KOWAL and Wloclawek, to Anna Stempczynski married Gostkowska;
also SAMUEL with his brothers - Lukasz Madalinski and Walenty Madalinski, signed and chose the King Stanislaw Leszczynski in the Brzesc Kujawski county !
Samuel d. bef. 1738, left children with his wife -
Wiktoria Wierzbowski Madalinska];

Andrzej Leszczynski of Rawa Mazowiecka b. 1700;
Franciszek Kazimierz Lanckoronski of Brzezie and of Rawa Mazowiecka, 1723-1785;
Marianna Kolczynska b. 1690;
Ewa Estko b. 1740 [see the Estko - KOSCIUSZKO line];
Bazylea Woyczynska 1720-1751; and Eleonora Garczynska 1722-1802.
3.
Please remember on Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1824, d. 1876, (60s of the 19 cent. emigrated ?? to Austrian Galicia), married ca 1865 to Zuzanna Mayer [born ca 1840 / 1845 ?]; they were living in Zolkiew. Zbigniew Brzezinski come from Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr., 1824-1876.
H.
Bishop Bonawentura Madalinski / Bonawentura Dobrogost Madalinski in WLOCLAWEK and PLOCK, b. 1620, d. 1691, the son of Piotr Madalinski and Anna Chelmska.
In 1687, the Cathedral Chapter in Wloclawek with the founder of the new organs, the bishop Bonawentura Madalinski [these were completed at the end of 1691] - built new musical organs in WLOCLAWEK.

BROTHERS:
1.
Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski

[see General JAN NEPOMUCEN UMINSKI ! - HILARY Uminski b. ca 1730 - d. in 1792, the son of named Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski, the owner of Czeluscin near Gostyn, in 1778, m. in 1767, Biechowo, to Franciszka Ryszewska b. ca 1750 - d. after 1784, with children: Marianna, Róza, Maksymilian, Jan, Teresa, Katarzyna];
and 2.
Andrzej Uminski, b. ca 1700, and Apolinara Niemojewski

[ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (1729-after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski; she was widowed in 1784; b. in Pieranie and married in 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710-before 1784), the Bydgoszcz official, with children: Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743, Sobiesiernie, the Pieranie parish - north-west-north to RADZIEJOW)]
{during the Polish-Austrian War of 1809 under the orders of Jozef Poniatowski Neyman - CONSPIRATOR - was assigned deputy of General J. Niemojewski, commander of the department}.

Pieranie - 22 km north-west to RUSZKI and 26 km north-west to BADKOWO !

Sobiesiernie - 1 km west to PIERANIE and 27 km north-west to BADKOWO !

3.
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie [see the granddaughter of JAKUB Kiedrzynski !] close to Badkowo.

Antoni Mieroslawski b. ca 1740, d. 1797, the chamberlain in Inowroclaw; official in Kruszwica; the royal chamberlain, married 1st to Marianna Radonska born ca 1745, d. 1775, but 2nd marriage before 1769 to
Ksawera Franciszek Uminska with son
Adam Kasper Mieroslawski
born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc.

Remember:
Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski, d. 1798.
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn the village, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin. Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO, west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek. Pocierzyn bef 1750 also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish. In Pocierzyn ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska. His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer.

Adam Kasper Mieroslawski, Colonel of the November Uprising in 1831, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Napoleonic Army, Adjutant of General Davout; decorated with the title of the Knight of the French Empire; m. Camilla Notte de Vaupleux
with sons:
1. Ludwik Adam Mieroslawski (born 1814 in Nemours, the godfather was Marshal Louis Davout, died 1878 in Paris), general, writer and poet, political and nationalist activist, historian, participant of the November Uprising (1831), dictator of the January Uprising (February 17 - March 11, 1863);
2.
Adam Piotr Mieroslawski (born April 1815 in Stryków near Brzeziny, died 1851) - sailor, engineer, insurgent in 1831, he discovered again, after 300 years, the island of New Amsterdam, which he became the owner.


Jan Nepomucen Uminski, 1778-1851 = Jan = Nepomucen Uminski,
parents: Hilary UMINSKI and Franciszka Ryszewska.
On September 23, 1831 Jan Uminski was appointed commander-in-chief of the November Uprising, from which he resigned the same day.
Jan Nepomucen Uminski, the officer of the Polish army; service ended in the rank of Major General; participant of the 1794 Insurrection;
adjutant of General Antoni Józef Madalinski;
Napoleonic Wars and November Uprising 1830 - 1831 (Chief of Staff on September 23, 1831).
In 1820 was meeting of General Jan Nepomucen Uminski with Colonel Dobrogoyski, envoy of Kalisz. Dobrogoyski informed on the secret network in Cracow, and Uminski was claiming to be a branch in Great Poland; he had a confidential relationship with Lieutenant Colonel Ludwik Sczaniecki.

His parents:
Hilary Uminski / Hilarion Uminski, 1730/1735/1760-1792 + Franciszka Ryszewska b. ca 1740

[HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730 - d. 1792), the son of
Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski;
Hilary Uminski was the owner of Czeluscin close to GOSTYN in 1778; m. in 1767 in Biechowo to Franciszka Ryszewska];

Czeluscin - close to PEPOWO, 4 km; 20 km west to KROTOSZYN the city [it has nothing to do with Krotoszyn close to Wloclawek!]; 14 km east to KROBIA; sout-east to SIEDLEC !

Biechowo - south to WRZESNIA.

The grandparents:
Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700 + Marianna Teresa Rogalinska, 1715-1796.
Marianna Teresa Rogalinska 1715-1796, was the daughter of Roman Rogalinski b. ca 1690 + Teofila Miaskowska.

Note to above ROMAN:
Stefan Poplawski, in 1741 in Noskow, married to Urszula Widlakówna; witnesses:
Roman Rogalinski,
Aleksander Radonski, Antoni Rokoszewski, Mikolaj Dobruchowski.
NOSKOW of Kiedrzynski -
11 km south - west to JAROCIN; 30 km east to Kunowo; 17 / 18 km east to KOSZKOWO of Kiedrzynski.

We back to GENERAL Nepomucen UMINSKI:
In the Strzelce Wielkie parish, close to GOSTYN, Piaski and KUNOWO:
a baptism in 1802 of Franciszek Xawery Pogorzelski - godmother Katarzyna Uminska;
in 1805 bpt. of Wiktoria Pogorzelska - godfather Nepomucen Uminski = Jan Nepomucen UMINSKI.
Ksawery Pogorzelski b. 1805 m. Marianna Rydzewska nee Sikorska in 1825. Ksawery Pogorzelski b. 1805, d. 1842, in Mystkowo, near Plonsk. His father Franciszek Pogorzelski.

Above Jan Nepomucen UMINSKI was the owner of
Smolice and Pruszynsk.
Strzelce Wielkie / Gross-Strzelce, close to Gostyn, in the ex-Kröben county; in 1846 belonged to Zakrzewska -
7 km east to GOSTYN ! and 10 km south-east to KUNOWO of Kiedrzynski ! 18 km north to PEPOWO - see Hilary UMINSKI ! - north-east to Rokosowo, Gogolewo, Poniec and Krobia; 9 km south-west to KOSZKOWO - see KIEDRZYNSKI.