History and genealogy
of the noble
Konstantynowicz
family
from the Grand duchy of Lithuania 


konstantynowicz.info welcome. Konstantynowicz Bogdan - Polish Internet Archive - Donald Trump and the Russian intelligence global network. Konstantynowicz Bogdan set out on 28th November 2016.

konstantynowicz.info welcome. Hillary Clinton, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Angela Merkel, John F. Kennedy and the Russian intelligence global network. Konstantynowicz Bogdan set out on 11th November 2016.


Angela Merkel, Zbigniew Brzezinski and John Fitzgerald Kennedy - the Illuminati and the Russian intelligence global network.

Zbigniew Brzezinski and the Order of the Illuminati. The Order of the Illuminati: Its Origins, Its Methods and Its Influence.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell.

Polonia, Polonya, Poland, Polska, Polen.
Józef Piłsudski and Feliks Dzierżyński genealogy. Database for konstantynowicz.info. The noble Konstantinovich family history: Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи. Genealogy and history of the Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz and Pushkin / Puszkin in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Estonia, Russia, Latvia.

The history of Estonia: Rehbinder 1792 in Polli - 23 km south of Viljandi; Johan Laidoner 1884 in Raja close to Vardja 2 km from Viljandi in the south; Hans Pats / Päts 1819 in Holstre 10 km south east from Viljandi; Vilms, Jüri in Kabbal / Kabala, is 7 km north-west of Pilistvere, about 30 km north of Viljandi; Kőo Parish.

Genealogy of the Constantinovich family in Estonia at the beginning of the 20th century - and Latvia after. History and genealogy of the Constantinovich family with relatives in Estonia: Saue, Ohtu, Harku, Nomme, Saku, Uksnurme, Lehola, Tallinn and the Harjumaa district: Troubetzkoy, Sedykh from Kazan, Gernet from Estonia. The Baltic German families in Estonia: von Gernet, Rehbinder, Toll, Croy, Weiss.

Genealogy of the Constantinovich family 1534 - ca 1945 in Belarus, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine, Russia, Lithuania. Константинович - биография. History and genealogy of the Constantinovich family with relatives: Troubetzkoy, Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Sedykh from Kazan, Soltan, Oginski, Paszkowski and Kalinowski from Cracow, Zbieranowski, Zarako-Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Armand in Moscow and Petersburg, Gernet from Estonia, Bakst, Demonet or De Monet, Dizeren, Azbelev, Holynski of 18th cent., Bagration-Gruzinski and Mukhrani from Sakartvelo-Georgia.  The Baltic German families in Estonia: von Gernet, Rehbinder, Toll, Croy, Weiss.

Von Gernet (Gern), Croy (Krey), Weiss, Toll, Rehbinder / Rebinder, Steinberg - the Baltic German nobility from Estland / Estonia, Livland - Latvia and St Petersburg in Russia of the 19th century. Tallinn/ Reval, Nomme, Harku, Saku, Üksnurme, Lehhola / Lehola, Vaikna, Parnu / Parnawa, Dorpat / Tartu and Viljandi / Fellin in Estonia.

Meshonka: here lived Antoni (the first son of Dominik derived from area of Krycau and verified noble descent in the Hrodna government 1861) and his son Stanislav Konstantynowicz (born c. 1855) with wife Anna nee Malkiewicz (Malkevicius of Tarnawa arms and others, mainly in districts of Panevezys and Siauliai) came from the Dryssa ujezd (= the Werchnedwinsk district; the place Asveja) in the Government of Vicebsk;  she was near related to the families Brzezinski / Bžezinskis (Konstancja Bžezinskis / Brzezinski), Ostrowski  (from Piotr Ostrowski de Kaki in 1697; 1760 by the Czerowacz lake in Livonia) and Filipowicz (Pilipavicius or  Pilipaitis with Pobog  and Prawdzic coat of arms verified the armorial bearings in Vilna 1821: Jozef, Mateusz, Michal, Antoni, Szymon, Izydor, Benedykt and  Joachim); family of my grandfather had Georgians next of kin. 

История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи. Ca 1800 to 1951, Miezonka - destroyed noble catholic village 1937 before 1951. Genealogy and history of the Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz.

Europe 1789 - 1937. Belarusian, Estonian, Polish and Russian genealogical and historical database.

A photo of Miezonka at present.

Belarusian, Estonian, Polish and Russian genealogical and historical database for the Konstantynowicz family. The noble Pilsudski, Konstantinovich, Dzerzhinsky, Pilar Pilchau, Bulhak families.

Polonia, Polen, Polska, Poland - Jozef Pilsudski i Feliks Dzierzynski genealogia. Baza danych genealogicznych domeny 'konstantynowicz.info'. Wywiad wojskowy Rosji carskiej - telegraf, radio, elektrycznosc, silniki lotnicze i samochodowe. Lenin: Szwajcaria, Estonia, Bialorus. Nobel, Damm, Hagelin i Schilling - kryptografia i szyfry. Breguet i Edward Brown z Clerkenwell.


Konferencja naukowa 22 pazdziernika 2012 - Katastrofa Smolenska 2010. Wnioski ze sledztwa. Wypadek lotniczy, jego przyczyny i przebieg - Smolensk 2010 rok. Czesc szosta.

Sledztwa polskie w sprawie katastrofy samolotu rzadowego w Smolensku w 2010 roku. Wypadek lotniczy, jego przyczyny i przebieg - Smolensk 2010 rok. Czesc siodma.

Genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Bagration-Gruzinski, Kalinowski, Oginski, Paszkowski, Dyuflon, Staroch Siedoch, Armand, Pociej, Radziwill and Piottuch Kublicki family in the 18th and 19th centuries in Russia, Estonia and Belarus.

Wrzesien 1939 roku. New!

The Breguet Company in Moscow and Petersburg.

Edward Brown of Clerkenwell owner 1870 and his sons owners (Henry Brown from London) of the Breguet Company.

Stefan Drzewiecki, Breguet and Duflon in St Petersburg. История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи.

The genealogy and history of the noble Kiedrzynski family.


Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part one.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part two.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part three.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part four.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part five.


© author Bogdan Konstantynowicz

Genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Bagration-Gruzinski, Kalinowski, Oginski, Paszkowski, Dyuflon, Staroch Siedoch, Armand, Pociej, Radziwill and Piottuch Kublicki family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia, Estonia and Belarus.

References:  see: Fox coat of arms


November 2013 to June 2014 - new websites on the genealogy and history of the noble Konstantynowicz family in Russia 1772 - 1918, Poland 1918 - 1939 and next at a Polish territory 1939 - 2014.

Secret Societies. Masonic conspiracy theories as conspiracy theories involving Freemasonry. History Of Secret Societies: Knights Templar, Illuminati and Freemasons. The Order of the Illuminati: Its Origins, Its Methods and Its Influence. Masonic Origins. FREEMASONRY SCOTTISH RITE CULT.

Konstantynowicz Bogdan - encyklopedia Polski Niepodleglej.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy and George von Mohrenschildt, 1961-1963.

Stanisław August Poniatowski the King, General Stanisław Fiszer, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Tadeusz Antoni Mostowski and General Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko - a way to the independent Poland.

Bolshevik Revolution 1917 - Polish independence in 1918, part 1.

Historia i genealogia rodziny Konstantynowicz. The noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

Bolshevik Revolution 1917 - Polish independence in 1918, part 2.

Bolshevik Revolution 1917 - Polish independence in 1918, part 3.

Lenin's Revolution 1917 - Polish independence in 1918.
General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus.

Angela_Merkel_and Bronislaw_Komorowski - genealogy.

Józef Piłsudski and Feliks Dzierżyński genealogy. Database for konstantynowicz.info. The noble Konstantinovich family history: Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

Rody szlacheckie Pilsudski, Dzierzynski, Pilar Pilchau, Bulhak, oraz genealogiczne i historyczne dane dla domeny konstantynowicz.info - historia i genealogia rodziny Konstantynowicz. The noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia. New! Ed. in May 2014.


Pilar Pilchau and Artuzow Frautchi: the Soviet military intelligence and the noble Konstantinovich family history. Switzerland, Estonia and the Lenin Revolution in November 1917 in Russia.

История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи. Genealogy and history of the Dubbelt / Dubelt, Pushkin / Puszkin, Gernet, Toll, Croy, Rehbinder, Konstantinovich / Constantinovich / Constantinowitz, Armand, Paszkowski, Demonet, Kalinowski, Trubecki / Troubetzkoy / Troubetskoj, Sedykh / Siedoch, Zarako Zarakowski / Zarakovskij, Dyuflon / Duflon, Nobel, Vernadskij, Modzelewski families in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia (Moscow, St Petersburg, Alexandrovsk, Miezonka, Berezyna, Orsha, Mahileu, Mscislaw, Riga, Tallinn, Kronstadt, Viljandi, Parnu / Parnawa, Daugavpils, Harku, Saku, Nomme, Kazan).

Soviet agression in September 1939

The Red Army and Warsaw in 1939 - Warszawa

Armand, Paszkowski, Demonets, Konstantinovich and Duflon

Orlov Denisov, Radzivill, Pociej, Trubetskoy, Bagrationi, Siedych, Wittgenstein, Armand, Paszkowski, Demonets, Konstantinovich and Duflon families in Russia, Estonia, Latvia and Belarus.

Завод Дюфлон, Константинович и Ко. - Dyuflon / Duflon / Dufflon and Konstantynowicz - Deka Company in St Petersburg 1892 - 1918, Moscow and Zaporoze 1907 - 1918

Berezyna

Bartosz Paprocki of 1578 and 1584 

Kojalowicz of 1648 

"The Armorial of many houses in (...) the Grand duchy of Lithuania" by S. J. Dunczewski, edited in 1757 

Pogon Pahonia"The Armorial of the Orsa area" of 1775 

"The Inventory of nobility in the Vilkmerge district" of 1795 

"The Inventory of nobility of the Dzisna district" 1796 

an armorial by Jan Dworzecki - Bohdanowicz   and   "The List of nobility of the Vilna district (...)" 1809  

"The Record of rental (...) nobility from the Barysau district" of 1812 

"The Inventory of nobility in the Lida district" of 1855 

Stanislaw count Mieroszowski  (Stanislaw count Grocyn pseudonym, 1827 - 1900 or Jan Stanislaw Mieroszowski),  "(...) about Polish heraldry",  Cracow 1887 

N. Szaposznikow, "Heraldica"   and  "The List of landowners of the Minsk government" 1899 

Duflon Company, Miezonka and 'Nadberezyncy' - new maps

Nadberezyncy, Florian Czarnyszewicz. New map south of Miezonka.

a manuscript of armorial by Boleslaw Starzynski  and an armorial by Leszczyc of 1908 / 13  

Jerzy count Dunin - Borkowski of 1909 

Uruski of 1910 

Andrzej Zajaczkowski, "Polish nobility", edit. by "Semper" 1993 

Jan Ciechanowicz, "Knightly ancestries (...)", vol. 1 - 5, edit. Rzeszow 2001.

The Baikal Insurrection in Siberia 1866

Smolensk 10 kwietnia 2010 katastrofa samolotu

Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Orlov-Denisov / Orlow Denisow, Bagrationi / Bagration-Gruzinski / Bagration Gruzinsky, Pashkovsky / Paszkowski, Duflon / Dyuflon, Siedych / Sedoch / Staroch-Siedoch, Armand, Demonets / Demonet in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia

Bagration-Gruzinski and Mukhrani from Sakartvelo / Georgia. Troubetzkoy / Trubeckoj, Katenin, Orlov-Denissov and Martynov from Russia.

Von Gernet (Gern), Croy (Krey), Weiss, Toll, Rehbinder / Rebinder, Steinberg - the Baltic German nobility from Estland / Estonia, Livland - Latvia and St Petersburg in Russia of the 19th century. Tallinn/ Reval, Nomme, Harku, Saku, Üksnurme, Lehhola / Lehola, Parnu / Parnawa, Dorpat / Tartu and Viljandi / Fellin in Estonia.

История фамилии Константинович. Genealogy and history of the Wernadski, Modzelewski and Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia.

История фамилии Константинович. Genealogy and history of the Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz family 1917 - 1918 in Russia.

Bogdan Konstantynowicz, History of the lineage from Lithuania as compiled by Bogdan Konstantynowicz. Includes the surnames Paszkowski from Brody and Cracow, Kalinowski from Cracow, Oginski, Soltan, Piottuch-Kublicki, Radziwill, Rehbinder, Gernet, Czeliszczew, Demonets, Armand, Duflon, Rey, Schilling, Trubecki, Sedykh, Nobel, Masson, Breguet, Brown, Malkiewicz, Zbieranowski, Szostak, Brzezinski and Zarakowski. 2003 / 2010



November and December 2013 - new websites on the genealogy and history of the noble Konstantynowicz family in Russia 1772 - 1918, Poland 1918 - 1939 and next at a Polish territory 1939 - 2012.
The family history of the Konstantynowiczs in Tsarist Russia. In Viljandi, Tallinn, Parnu / Parnawa, Riga / Ryga, Moscow, Petersburg, Ufa, Miezonka, Hapsal / Haapsalu, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti.
With: Melik - Beglyarov or Melik-Beglarov, Demonets / Demonet or Demontet, Breguet, Brown, Wilde, Nikitin, Katenin, Gruzinski, Bagrationi, Drzewiecki, Orlov-Denisov, Martynov, Paszkowski, Kalinowski, Zarako Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Horodecki, Zbieranowski, Szostak, Nobel, Masson, Hacker / Hakker, Kammer, Briling, Vologdin, Azbelev, Benckendorf or Benkendorf, Pushkin, Kropotkin, Chikin, Bakst, Trubecki / Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy / Troubetskoi, Beklemishev, Rosenberg, Wittgenstein, Dadian-Mingrelsky / Dadiani Mingrelskij, Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Soltan, Oginski, Japaridze, Rosen, Gernet, Rehbinder, Schilling, Nakachidze, von Zarnekau, Yurievsky, Duke of Oldenburg, Nikoladze, Maipariani or Maypariani, Saparov, Armand, Diseren, Duflon, Rey, Paat / Paats, Karamyan.

All on the life of the noble Konstantinovich family in tsarist Russia 1772 to 1918. The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell in Russia.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph. History on the noble Constantinovich family in Russia in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Duflon & Constantinovich Company 1892 - 1918.

The noble Konstantynowicz family in new Poland 1945 - 2013.

Breguet, Brown, Masson, Rey, Armand, Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, Duflon and history of research on telegraph, radio and electricity. Deka Company in Petersburg, Moscow and Zaporoze - Russian engines and airplanes.

The Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski, Oginski, Psarski, Kreski of Grebanin, and Sulkowski family - history and genealogy. Part 5.


Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski and Oginski genealogy.
General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus. Part 4.


Wola Pszczolecka and Miezonka; Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski and Oginski genealogy. General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus. Part 5.


Wiktor Konstantynowicz or Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name - Wasyl acc. to me
(remember about A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo, Palemon, Apolon) Konstantynowicz / Константинович son of Wasyl / Wasilij Константинович, the owner of the technical office in Moscow, worked for Breguet, and with Duflon. Wasilij / Wasyl Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred. Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz / Константинович who b. ca 1862, was the son of Wasilij Константинович / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1840. The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand; Eugene / Eugeniusz Armand was born about 1842),
but mother was Mary vel Maria nee Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1853 (or circa 1840).
Wiktor Konstantynowicz was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, her father Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, mother Olga Ryabchinskaya / Riabczynski; Wiktor on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme, the Harku street No (tn) 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu.
Above named Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division.
In 1917 Wiktor Konstantynowicz was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi.
Daughter of Alexandra and Victor Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovitsch was
Galina nee Konstantynowicz born approx. 1900 / 1902 died in Nomme after 1968 and was married to a Latvian - Dunkel / Tunkel; she had two daughters, one married to a Latvian, another to a German (Irena? Rita Irene).
Alexandra Konstantynowicz was buried by Rita Dunkel, and in the recording of Constantin (Wiktor Konstantynowicz) is Galina Dunkel / Tungel or Tunkel.
Dunkel Galina was buried at the cemetery of Siselinna on 13 August 1982; here name of Rita Krause.
Maybe Rita KRAUSE is a daughter of Galina DUNKEL nee Konstantynowicz, and Rita Irene and Rita are the same person.
Rita Irene, was daughter of Heinrich.
Rita Irene Heynrihovna b. 1927; Rita-Ireene was buried at cemetery of Siselinna that is Krauze Rita-Ireene who died on 21 November 1998.
Heinrich Dunkel, was a father of Rita, Irene; captain, husband of Dunkel Galina / Halina nee Konstantynowicz.
Heinrich Georg Dunkel / Heinrich Dunkel / Baldwin-Heinrich Dunkel was a reserve captain; Heinrich Dunkel was poisoned in the central prison of Tallinn by the communists. On January 10, 1934 or 1935 in Tallinn - was a funeral of the union officers leader, a reserve captain Baldwin - Heinrich Dunkel.
He had died in prison.
Inf. from Riga, Latvia: daughter of Galina Sedykh / Dunkel nee Konstantynowicz was Irena.
Granddaughter was Sabine from Riga, the Sedykh family relatives. After Irene's death from Tallinn brought some pictures, among them there were, pre-revolutionary.

Now we back to the Konstantynowiczs:
Nestor Troubecki vel Nester Kalinowski in 1857 went to Vienna, in 1859 returned to Krakow, promote the Ruthenian Catholic Church, the Belarusian Greek Catholic Church and Ruthenian language; 1863 the outbreak of January Uprising and he was involved in the secret 'Prowincjonalny Litewski Komitet' in Vilnius / Wilno; Trubecki was a member of the 'Miedzynarodowa Socjalno-Rewolucyjna Partia Proletariat' and a contributor of the 'Wolny Swiat' in 1904; 1905 went to Warsaw in the Congress Poland and next fled arrest in April 1906 and went to Zürich and Geneva; "...lived in several European countries and returned to Congress Poland; active in the Polish-Belarusian underground resistance until his death in 1907".
Prince Nestor Grigorievich Troubetzkoy / Nester / Nestor Grigoriewicz Trubecki, a landowner and revolutionary, international journalist and from 1901 "correspondent of Freiheit, Neues Leben, Der Anarchist, Der Freie Arbeiter, Wolny Swiat, Der Generalstreik, Der Weckruf, member of Jan Machajski’s squad in Geneva", was born and died in Poland, b. in 1832 (?) in Free City of Cracow or in 1840 (!) - died in 1907 Warsaw.
Mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski was countess Maria Kalinowska.
Probably she was born after 1805 - ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski. The genealogy of Maria Kalinowska has to be proven, but it appears that the family was listed below:
her mother Emilia Potocka b. 1790 and married Kalinowski and second time married to Czeliszczew;
father Josif / Jozef / Osip Kalinowski b. after 1780 ? and died 1825;
grandfather was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 and
grandmother Elzbieta Bielska from Olbrachcice b. ca 1760.

Above Emilia Potocka married first to Kalinowski and second time to Czeliszczew, was born 1790 and her parents: Protazy Antoni Potocki b. 1761 and mother Marianna Lubomirska (Zubow, Potocki, Uwarow) born 1773 or Marianna Elzbieta Lubomirska b. ca 1766 - 1810.

Marianna Elżbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Ponińska;
wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Федор Петрович Уваров / Uvarov;
mother of above Emilia Kalinowska + Jozef Kalinowski (Josef / Osip Kalinowski general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka / Kalinowska born 1790);
Aleksandr Valerianovich Zubov;
Platon Valerianovich Zubov, and
Elizaveta Valerianovna Voieikova.

Marianna Elżbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska was sister of Józefa Walewska.
Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851; she was wife of Adam Walewski, and Jan Witt, Count; copyright by Leszek Mila.
Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska.

Husband of above Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was
Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874
- his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski).
His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793 died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski).

Above Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Trubetsky / Gregori Trubiacki / Grzegorz Trubecki was a Prince of the Troubetzkoy family. He married above MARIA Kalinowska (lived in St Petersburg to 1840, then in Cracow).
Grigory / Grzegorz Trubecki was the son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy / Prince Petr Nikolaevich Troubetskoy born 18 November 1773 and died 16 November 1801 and Nadezhda Ivanovna Pestov / nee Pestova born 1793.
Above Prince Пётр Николаевич Трубецкой / Petr Nikolaevich b. 1773 and d. 1801 had parents:
mother Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Czerkasskaja / Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Tcherkassky, and her husband
Николай Никитич Трубецкой / Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj b. 1744 and d. 1820 / 1821, writer, who was son of
Prince Nikita / Ники́та Ю́рьевич Трубецко́й
(1699 - 1767, for 3 years as head of the Military Board with the rank of Field Marshal General).

Prince Nikita was son of Юрий Юрьевич Трубецкой (1668 - 1739), Russian statesman, privy councilor, senator.

Above Prince Nikita 7 months after the death of the first wife, married the widow of Major Matthew Kheraskov - Anna Danilovna, daughter of Prince Daniel DRUCKI-SOKOLNICKI; Anne Danilovna was primarily married to major Matvey Andreyevich Kheraskov. Above Даниил Андреевич Друцкий-Соколинский died 1752.
Above named Анна Даниловна Друцкая-Соколинская (Хераскова, Трубецкая) died 1780; she had son born in 1744 in Moscow - above Николай Никитич Трубецкой 3rd, 1744 - 1820.
The family had 8 sons Yuri, Nikolai, Alexei, Nicholas, Nicholas II, Alexander, Alexander II, Basil, and 5 daughters: Anna, Maria, Elena, Elena II, Catherine. Of the 13 children, 6 died in infancy.
TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists. In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.
This Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.
Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

M. Kalinowska (Maria) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of Seweryna Kalinowska, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!
Above countess Olga / Ольга Осиповна Калиновская born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus in 1844 and her son: Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818.
This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 married after to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.
Above Ireneusz Oginski, duke, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow and Zalesie.
Bogdan Ogiński died on 25. 03. 1909.

Sister of Olga: Jozefina Kalinowska born 1816, was also married to duke Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński who was born 1808.
And Северина Иосифовна Калиновская / Seweryna Kalinowski b. 1814 d. 1852 was married to Mikolaj Plautyn / Плаутин b. 1794 or 1796 d. 24 December 1866, son of Fiodor Sergiejewicz Plautyn / Plautin died 1807?
Above Nikolai Fedorovich Plautin was an outstanding military leader and statesman of the Russian Empire, General of Cavalry 1856, Adjutant General 1849, a member of the State Council in 1862.

Note on count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:
his father was Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother was Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error) -
Justyna was daughter of Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715),
and married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski; she died after 1780?.
The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.
Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695; Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Ogiński, son of wife's brother. Leonard Gabriel Pociej married to Regina Ogińska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki.
Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was daughter of Samuel Leon Ogiński and Zofia Billewicz.
She was sister of Jan Ogiński; Szymon Karol Symeon Ogiński, and Helena Tyszkiewicz,
inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene.
Above Samuel Leon Ogiński b. ca 1593, d. 1657;
inf. by Andrzej Hennel at geni.com.

Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej and Anna Teresa had son Aleksander Pociej 1698 - 1770, who was the father of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwiłł; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej.
Mentioned above Karolina Pociej was born in 1732 in Witebsk - died 1776, was daughter of above Aleksander Pociej and Teresa Brzostowska.
Karolina POCIEJ was wife of Stanisław Radziwiłł;
she was mother of Anna Barbara Mostowska; Mikołaj Radziwiłł; Franciszka Teofila Sołtan; Antonina Barbara Anna Mostowska; Teofila Radziwiłł.
Karolina was sister of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej. Copyright by Jacek Woźniakowski.
Above named Antonina Barbara Anna Radziwiłł 1762-1833 was 1st wife of Tadeusz Antoni Mostowski Count (1824), 1766-1842; he 2nd married to Marianna Anna Potocka.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army,
his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.
I wrote down above that
Ludwik Konstanty POCIEJ was father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter
Justyna KALINOWSKA (m. Ignacy Kalinowski who was born ca 1720 died 1782).
Her son was count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error).

Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790,
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, 1784-1831, owner of Białokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karśnicka 1800-1881, 2nd voto Jablonowska, daughter of Antoni Karśnicki b. 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów, died 1844 [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea; he was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Głogowska b. 1780;
child of Ignacy:
Władysława, b. 1831, d. 1893 in Oryszkowce, landowner of Białokiernica and Oryszkowce; Władysław Kalinowski m. Cecylia Szeliska, with:
Jadwiga Kalinowska + in 1884 to Artur Cielecki owner of Hadyńkowce;
Jerzy Kalinowski;
Władysław Kalinowski junior + in 1893 to Karolina Sieminigowska;
Marcin Marian Kalinowski / Marcin Maryan Kalinowski-Jabłonowski;
Józef Kalasanty Kalinowski b. 1861 + Wanda Russocka / Wanda Aleksandra Russocka Css, 1875-1935.

Above Wanda Aleksandra Russocka married in 1896 in Brody to Józef Kalasanty Kalinowski b. 1861, son of above Władysław Kalinowski b. 1831; Wanda had brother Bronisław Russocki b. 1877 in Brzozów, m. in 1910 in Zbaraż to Stefania Niezabitowska b. 1889, daughter of Feliks Niezabitowski and Aniela Linert.

Below data under copyright by Elżbieta Halina Nejman:

Stanisław Franciszek WALEWSKI d. 1716, officer of Sieradz, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gronów, Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd to Krystyna Rychłowska - Trzebicki
(she was 3rd married to Jan Feliks Walewski),
with:
1. Józef WALEWSKI d. 1724, m. Elżbieta Magnuska - Skarbek,
2. Feliks WALEWSKI d. 1752,
3. Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Gałecka, daughter of Franciszek and Ludwika Poniatowska
(she was 2nd to Jan Radoliński),
with:
a). Ludwika m. Kazimierz Kacper Gembart,
b). Julianna Joanna b. ca 1756, m. Feliks Złotnicki, 2nd Daniel Suchecki;
4. Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Łaszowska with:
a). Józefa b. 1737 + Konstanty Ossowski,
b). Eleonora Walewska m. Maciej Krobanowski d. 1792,
c). Rozalia Walewska + Jakub Madaliński,
d). Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wężyk d. 1792 - owner of Kalinowa and Ligota, 1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wężyk;
Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow daughter of Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzęcka - she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Świerzyny, to Mikołaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771;
Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI children:
A. Michał Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krześlow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolińska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckorońska,
with:
a). Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822 in Parzymiechy,
b).Jadwiga Maria + 1850 to Henryk Stanisław Wojciech Lanckoroński;
D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kręska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karśnicka.
Children of Napoleon Walewski:
a). Ludwik Mieczysław Walewski b. 1830, owner of Pstrokonie, Paprotnia, m. unknown with: Adela,
b). Antonina Floriana Salomea b. 1831 in Pstrekonie, + Bolesław Kobierzycki,
c). Wanda Natalia Maria Walewska b. 1832 in Masłowice, m. Władysław Sulimierski owner of Lubiec near Wola Pszczolecka (see Adam Kiedrzynski in Sulmierzyce).

Władysław Jan / Władysław Sulimierski, 1830 - 1866, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka, was son of Marceli / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, and Zofia Szołowska / Joanna Szolochowska.
Parents of above Marceli: Jan Sulimierski and Magdalena Fundament-Krasicka.
Father of above Jan: Jozef Sulimierski b. 1738, d. 1805 in Widawa + Franciszka Wierzchlejska / Wierzchlenska.
Parents of above Jozef: Michal Sulimierski [son of Marianna Stokowska], and unknown wife.

Above Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, was also father of Korneli Kazimierz Edward Sulimierski b. 1834 in LUBIEC close to Wola Pszczolecka, who married to Adamina Markowska ca 1830 - 1900, with son Bronisław Sulimierski b. 1863, d. 1952, and Maria Siemienska.

Above named
JÓZEF SULIMIERSKI b. 1738, d. 1805, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka, and Kuźnica (near Lubiec), m. Franciszka Wierzchlejska, with son Jan Piotr Walerian SULIMIERSKI b. 1783, m. in 1804 in Cieszęcin to Magdalena Jastrzębiec Karśnicka born in ca 1784, daughter of Jan Gwalbert KARSNICKI and Jadwiga Masłowski, with son:
Marceli Jan Gwalbert / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805 in Weglowice / WEGLEWICE close to Wielun (the Wieruszow county); d. 1874, judge, exiled to Siberie, m. in 1828 in Częstochowa, to Zofia Joanna Wczele Szołowska b. 1808,
with son - above Władysław Jan Sulimierski 1830 - 1866, who m. Wanda Walewska b. 1832.
Above Wladyslaw Jan Sulimierski b. 1830 in Lubiec, d. 1866, m. in ca 1850 to Wanda Walewska b. 1832, daughter of Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka, Kalinowski, Oginski, Trubecki, Konstantynowicz) 1802-1835 and Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832.
Natalia Kreska was daughter of Florian Stanisław Józef Kreski b. in 1771 Grębanin - died in 1838, owner of Masłowice, who married in 1803 in Węglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karśnicka d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki and Józefa Masłowski.

Above Napoleon WALEWSKI was son of Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 who m. Antonina Kalinowska with sons:
1. Karol Franciszek Salezy b. 1795 + Maria Radolinska with children: Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857 + Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski 1816-1897;
and 2. above Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835 who married to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832.

About above mentioned Antonina KARSNICKA and her children:
a. Laura Rozamunda KRESKA b. 1805 in Grebanin [near Wieruszow], d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, son of Marcin SULIMIERSKI and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,
b. Natalia Marianna KRESKA born in 1804 in Grebanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski owner of Pstrokonie, son of Ludwik Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835),
c. Edward Napoleon Kreski born in 1806 Weglewice, d. 1879, owner of Maslowice, judge in Wielun, owner estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Lazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Lask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kreska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski and Brygida Kozuchowski [!], 3rd m. in 1852 in Maslowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy.

Tomasz KOWALSKI who died 1812, owner of Rakowice and Bedkowo, m. in 1789 in Lubczyna, to Helena Karsnicka daughter of Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki official in Ostrzeszow; second time Helena Kowalska - Karsnicka married to Feliks Murzynowski, with:
Jozefa or Honorata Józefa KOWALSKA born ca 1807, Myjonice, m. in 1820, to Nestor Julian Wezyk of OSINY 1795-1862, from Myjonice in the Ostrzeszow county, son of Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk of Osiny b. 1750 and Marianna Fundament-Karsnicka of Karsznice 1767-1817.

Above
Piotr RADOLINSKI died 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Lanckorońska, with:
1. Maria Radolinska b. ca 1795 married to Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski, son of Ludwik and Antonina Kalinowska,
2. Józefa Radolinska b. 1800 in Żelazków m. to Józef Jastrzębiec Karśnicki 1784-1862, son of Jan Gwalbert and Józefa Jadwiga Masłowska; Jozefa 2nd time married to Sylwester Boito.

Wojciech Donat Rokossowski died 1834, owner of Poręba in the Olkusz county, the Cięgowice parish, m. Zuzanna Jabłońska d. 1851, with
Marcela Marianna Rokossowska b. 1810, m. Jan Gwalbert Karśnicki 1795-1874, owner of Łyskornia and Węglowice
(his sister Urszula Julia Agnieszka Fundament-Karśnicka 1823 [1813 ?] - 1881 m. Józef Marek Piotr Stadnicki 1816-1893),
son of Idzi Karsnicki (ca 1765 ? / 1780-1835 or E. Karsnicki) and Konorata / Honorata Kożuchowska 1770-1860 (see Trubecki).
Idzi was son of Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820.
Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki was born in 1731 to Sebastian Fundament - Karśnicki; in 1808-1810 Jan Gwalbert Karśnicki, had built a church in Weglewice, he was MP in 1788, insurgent in 1794. Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki married Jadwiga Maslowska. Owner of Węglewice.

Above Jan RADOLINSKI:

PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Malecka;
Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Józef Stefan Radoliński lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski).
Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanisław was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanisław married to Katarzyna Raczyńska (see Kiedrzynski).
Józef Stanisław Radoliński born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer (see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.
Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763
(he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806)
were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.

FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki
(Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander),
married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723.

Mentioned above
Petronela died in Złoczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Złoczów and Brzeźno; he was born in Złoczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski the 2nd and Marianna Sarnowska.
Andrzej was born circa 1650
(grandfather of above Zofia: Andrzej Radoliński older, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA;
father: above named Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1670; his brother was Wojciech Radolinski).
Zofia 1677 - 1723 had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski
(Józef Stefan Radoliński who lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski, was a clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski), died in 1740, was son of above Andrzej junior {younger} 1650 - 1708; see a branch of Petronela Radolinska).
Zofia RADOLINSKA 1677 - 1723 married Kazimierz Walewski. They had daughter Marianna Radolinska, born Walewska.

PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.

Kajetan Radoliński of Poznań, b. ca 1740
[he was son of Andrzej Radoliński the 3rd b. ca 1680 ?, and above Marianna Walewska
daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia nee Radolińska 1677 - 1723,
who was daughter of Andrzej Radoliński the 2nd born circa 1650 and Marianna Sarnowska]
+ Małgorzata Łubieńska 1733-1784, with son
Piotr RADOLINSKI b. 1760, died 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Lanckorońska;
with grandson Aleksander Eustachy Piotr Radoliński b. 1816,
and with great-granddaughter Gabriela Radolińska b. ca 1850 + Witold Kazimierz Marian Jundziłł of the Slonim branch.

The genealogy of above Ignacy Bleszynski [Ignacy Bleszynski of Luszowice, close to Koscielec]:
Ignacy Błeszyński born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan

[all children of Jan:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanisław Józef Walewski 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814
{his daughter Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819},
and Kunegunda Szembek born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek 1740-1835 MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793 with son Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdańsk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier,
with son Aleksander Szembek (1815-1884)]

who died in 1735;
Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew
(Bujnów - 3 km west of Zloczew and 9 km north-east of Dymki and close to Lututow, Borzęckie, Czarna, Cegielnia, Grójec Mały, Huta Szklana / Szklana Huta, Huta Stara, Miklesz, Stanisławów, Złoczewska Wieś, Złoczewska Wola and Zapowiednik, inf. by Wikipedia; 1773 - Grodzice and Łagiewniki),
MP in 1809, 1811 of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, officer in Brodnica, very active member of the 1794 Insurection (battle of Sieradz; see Madalinski and Uminski) in the Sieradz province; married Petronela Radoliński.
With son Ignacy Franciszek Błeszyński b. 1783, m. ANNA ca 1810.
With 3 grandchildren:
Teodora Błeszyńska b. ca 1825 married 1852 in Wierzbie, near Tczyca to Henryk Kacper Tarczałowski - his brothers:
Roman Ignacy Tarczałowski b. 1810, Krzepice + Sylwia Bleszynska;
Bolesław Tarczałowski b. 1818 - d. ca 1874, in Cieszęcin;
Wincenty Antoni Tarczałowski born 1820, in Krzepice.

Brief on the CICHOWICZ family:
CICHOWICZ of Zydaczow in 1764 with son Marcin d. 1833 m. Małgorzata Wieczorkiewicz, with
1. Rozalia Bednarski;
2. Marianna b. 1795, m. 1835 to Antoni Felicjan Karśnicki, 1789-1836, owner of Kuźnica Marianowa, son of Wincenty Karśnicki, owner of Dembe, and Rożdzały + Franciszka Bajkowska;
3. Franciszka CICHOWICZ m. Jan Karśnicki;
and last son (No 9) Antoni owner of Danków close Częstochowa, officer in Złoczewa, m. in 1828 to Józefa Błeszyńska daughter of Stanisław Błeszyński and Konstancja Wężyk.

On the Kalinowskis:

BRODY in Podolia - first to the Paszkowskis, next to the Kalinowski family.
Kamionka Bużańska / Kamionka Strumiłowa, 1857 owner was Count Karol Mier, heir of the family Kalinowski; Kalinowski Samuel Jerzy (1621-1652), son of Marcina 1588-1652, and Duches Helena Korecka, owner of Bracław, Lityń and Lubecz, Łojów, Konotop and Husiatyn, in 1646, then also Czernihow; m. to daughter of Jerzy Ossoliński - Urszula Brygida; his son Marcin Adam, 1640 / 1650-1701, of Husiatyn, had daughter married to MORSZTYN Jakub Władysław.
Żwaniec in Podolia, estate of Walenty Kalinowski, General.
HUSIATYN, 1630 castle of above Marcin Kalinowski, and his family Kalinowski in 1795; 7 km south of Husiatyn is situated Sidorow, with the Kalinowskis castle in the XVIII century.

Children of above named landowner and revolutionary Nestor Trubecki / Nester Troubetzkoy or Kalinowski / Trubeckoj born 1832 or 1840 in Cracow and died in Cracow or in Warsaw, Congress Poland in 1907:
1. professor Nestorovich Paul Troubetskoy / Павел Трубецкой / Pavel Trubecki son of Nestor / Pawel Trubecki (TROUBETZKOY, was born in Congress Poland 1879); with title of Prince; died in 1941 in Tallinn; in Orsza, Belarus, 1903 was married to Maria Makeiewna Dobrzinska (Maria daughter of Maciej Dobrzynski born in Orsza on August the 1st or 8th, 1887 and died in Tallinn on 22 March 1974).
Pavel Trubecki was a member of the Polish Socialist Party of Józef Pilsudski, "was a partisan of Stanislaw Bulak-Balachowicz, a member of The Special Unit of Belarusian People's Republic in Estonia (Asobny Atrad BNR in Estonia) and veteran of Estonian War of Independence. By 1905 Jozef Pilsudski's party, the Polish Socialist Party, of which Pawel Trubecki was a member, was the largest socialist party in the entire Russian Empire. Failing in his purpose, Trubecki left Congress Poland in 1906, and moved to Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia). (Pawel Trubecki / Pavel Trubiacki / Paul Troubetzkoy moved from Orsha / Orsza to Tallinn in 1906, at the end of this year probably - but all his family to 1908).
In 1906, as a stable government was re-established in the province, a Neo-Romantic literary movement 'Young Estonia' (Noor-Eesti) took hold there. Pawel Trubecki got the Nansen passport".
His children:
Jan Michal / Ivan Mihkel Trubecki / Pavlovich Troubetzkoy born in Orsza 1906, died in Tallinn 1971 with wife Alma Koidu;
second - Anjuta Pavlovna Gorbachev / Gorbaczow b. Tallinn in 1908, died Tallinn 2004 with husband A. Gorbachev, proprietor of houses in Tallinn;
third Aleksander Trubetskoi / Alexander Pavlovich Troubetzkoy b. Tallinn 1913, d. 1941 with wife Linda;
fourth (see also below) - Wladymir / Vladimir Trubetsky / Wladimir Trubetskoi / Vladimir Waloc Troubetzkoy, b. 5.10.1915, d. 22.4.1997 with wife Gerda Tiksmann and second wife 1935 Lydia Maripuu born Dundaga 1915, died in Muuga Aedlinn 1990
(Muuga aedlinn - Muuga garden city is area in the western part of the town of Maardu, Estonia; it's located just east of Tallinn's Pirita district and Maardu is a town and a municipality in Harju County, Estonia and it is part of the east Tallinn metropolitan area; Nomme is south-west part of Tallinn):
his child - Jan Trubecki / Jaan Trubetsky, born in Tallinn on 29.12.1938 and his children with Leili Rikk:
Tonu Trubetsky (+ Anu Klyszejko) and Toomas Trubetsky and also with Dagmar:
Tonis Trubetski and Toivo Trubetski.

Above named Vladimir Trubetskoy was a member of the Polish Home Army born 1915 died 1997 and his son was above Jan Trubetskoy born 1938.

2. Gerasim / Herasim Trubecki / Gerasimos vel Gerasim Nestorovich Trubecki, doctor, born 1866 / 1870 / 1880 or after 1870 and died in Paris; scientist.
3. four (5?) unknown:
an unknown oil magnate in Baku who was born ca 1870s and died ca April 28, 1920 in Baku; he was chemist in oil industry in Bakou;
the second unknown, captain of the soviet icebreaker 'Yermak' / Ermak,
and two (or three) unknown daughters.

The genealogical research are directed to show that
Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria Trubecki / Troubetzkoy.
His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house: Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.
Duchess Maria Troubeckoy probably born about 1840 or after 1840, married Konstantinovich - genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl.
Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.
Therefore, we have strong links between the 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Zaporozhya / Zaporoze / Alexandrovsk and with Estonia, including Tallinn, Viljandi and Parnu. These relations also apply Miezonki, Lodz, the secret Pilsudski movement (Andrzejak, Wankowicz, Trubecki) in Belarus and Estonia and the smuggling of weapons from Russia to Galicia by (Spychalski, Andrzejak) Lodz.
Two families: Kalinowski and Paszkowski [see Armand], has a lot connections. Count Joseph Kalinowski fought in the Polish Legions, among others between 1806 and 1807 - Silesia, Westphalia, etc. Similarly, the colonel and then general Franciszek Paszkowski. Both participated in the Napoleonic wars, years 1812-1813. Returned to the country in 1814. Then Paszkowski, and Kalinowski, have made a Free City of Krakow (ca 1819) and established families. Their children were born just after 1816 [see Moscow and the Armands]. Both have completed military service in the rank of general. Both family came from south of the former Poland, after in the Russian zone, and also in the Austrian partition, but had a relationships with families living in Russia.




I concluded in my genealogical search that among families with Konstantynowicz surname which live in Poland are two or three separate groups: 

1.

The eldest information about a Konstantynowicz nickname, but not about the Fox coat of arms (crest), go back to 07 October 1515 (according to Jan Ciechanowicz) and to  the Hrodna area: 

Jakub (= Jakov) Konstantynowicz sued to a court his neighbour Tolloczko. His relative surely Olechno Konstantynowicz held a post in the Hrodna  municipal tribunal in 1539. He sued his neighbour Dowtortowicz in 1542. The Konstantynowiczs - both of above mentioned - were the  landowners of their Duke. Then the nest of them was in villages Toloczki, Ejsmonty and Jurewicze in the Hrodna region (probably since c. 1500) and  they  were knighted in 1578 with the Pielesz diverse coat of arms

We are lacking information that they had the Fox coat of arms proper already and I don't know if the Konstantynowicz nickname was the  surname  in anyone case in the beginning of the 16th cent.! Or it maybe the Konstantynowicz name was only an "otchestvo" (by-name) id est a  form deriving from Konstanty or Konstantyn names with oriental ending "wicz" (= vich). However it's not unlikely that Jakub was a  father of Olechno and Michno Konstantynowicz but there is no probability on proved of the thesis.  Michno and Olechno  that's  very popular form of Belorussian names with ending "-no" and "-ko" in the 15th and 16th cent.; I give others examples: Senko  Miloszewicz  from Ostryna 1528, Iwanko and Misko Miloszewicz in Podlasie, Mitko from Vicebsk = Vitsyebsk (or Witebsk) province in 1528,  Michno Lyszczynski in 1528, Michno Polanski 1515, Mleczko from Vilkmerge 1467, Piotr Olechnowicz (surname from Christian name of father) 1501,  Senko Mikolajewicz 1514, Szymko Mikolajewicz from Upita, Jacko son of Mikula Wasilkowicz A.D. 1525, Mitko (= Mikolaj) Mickiewicz with Fox  arms et ceteri and also little villages exempli gratia Olechnowszczyzna in the Minsk province; besides I found out about Dmitrei son of  Konstantin in the 15th century, Polut Konstiantinowic' mid 15th century, Kostiantinowic' Semen mid 15th century, Chebotko Konstiantinow  in 1540 and  Fedor Konstentinow son of Spits 1552, a clerk in Wisztyniec - Michal Konstantynowicz Sumorok A.D. 1571, Iwan  Konstantynowicz  from Kulbaczyna in 1572 (but with Mackowicz surname nicknamed Kulbaka or Mackiewicz), Jaroslaw Konstantynowicz (but with Lukomski surname 1595). I was faced with the difficult task of collecting information and differing interpretations about origin of our ancestry. One has to be careful with final claims and theses for some years and in passing judgement on first person with the Konstantynowicz surname. A person with a Konstantynowicz nickname in the first half of the 16th cent. didn't has to be the person with the Konstantynowicz surname. I called it purposely to the attention of you. The  Konstantynowicz ancestry with the Fox  coat of arms proper lived  only in the Trakai district (i.e. district of Troki since c. 1550), the Samaites territory (since c. 1550)  and in the Minsk  province (since c. 1570) by c. 1600 (next  in the Slonim area after c. 1600 also in Vilna / Wilno since c. 1640) as good as proves it all  armorials. One of string evidences say us  for example  that the record of common noble  movement A.D. 1528 doesn't  point to persons with the Konstantynowicz surname in  any districts of Lithuania (Grand Principality of  Lithuania)  according to all historical  sources. 

You can write back to me E-mails (English, Russian, Belorussian, Polish languages)

bog4konsta@yahoo.com

 

A legend was about the beginning of the Konstantynowicz family. Many said that our family (ancestry) has come from the BALKANS according to "Gutenberg Encyclopaedia" (volume 8); many said that the ancestry had got to descent from Serbian ancestor (janczar), who was Turkish soldier 1455 - 1463, who was afterwards in Poland (that is since 1470 or 1471); he has written memoirs here (1490-1516 or rather 1496 - 1501)  about title "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)".  A copy was in the Sapieha Archive. More inf. on the same Turkish soldier - Michal Konstantynowicz in F. Bujak, "Studia geograf.-hist.", p. 129 - 134. The main editions of "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)" in 1828 and 1912 misleaded many of our ancestors. The Kibalczyc family i.e. Kibalcicas have got a legend that tell us about an ancestor from Serbia - the family moved out to the Chernigov province in the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 17th century - the legend it's mistake, too.

2.

Descendants of the Konstantynowicz family who derived from present Bukovina (Bukovina joined Austrian Empire in 1775 but it seems to be probable they moved house here from the Austria - Hungarys Volhynia after the 1st Partition of Poland, precisely in the eighties of the 18th century) at the border Ukraine on Roumania; it was the Greek church family in the 19th century  perhaps  and they (regarded as - in part, by authorities - Ukrainians) were displaced partially to the Mazury / East Prussia after 1945. Most of them live today in south - easterly Poland. You see also about village Zydowskie = Shydovskie where Michajlo Konstantynowicz lived and who was born 1790; his father was priest and mother - Maria Wapnicki - derived from Desznica i.e Deshnica; and about Emilian Konstantynowicz b. 1864, d. 1943, priest in 1887. They had  own GRECUL (i.e. GREKUL armorial bearings but own GREK arms was  Lithuanian origin, according to Mieroszowski) coat of arms in time of the Austria - Hungarys  Galicia at the beginning of the 19th cent. (Bazyli and Michal  Konstantynowicz 1803). I take note of them in ODESSA, Tschernowzy (= Chernovits in 1939 - 1940 and in Kiev after the second World War and 

besides e.g.  

"Officials in 1876" note in Bukovina: "(...) Konopasek Emanuel, Konstantinowicz von Grekul Gedeon, Landes-Hauptmann Stellvertreter (...)" and "Franz Josef-  Staatsgymnasium in Sereth": "(...) Kasriel Josef, Klocek Stanislaus Josef, Kohn Julius, Konstantinowicz, Ewald Ludwig Franz (...)". See: http://bukowina.info/FJSereth.pdf

Florin Konstantinowicz / Constantinovici from Roumania (Romania) was in Israel (the Tsafririm Holon team in 2001 - 2002).

3.

In all probability our ancestry with the Konstantynowicz surname derived from belorussian Czyz family i.e. Senko  Czyzewicz and his son Konstanty Czyz, I think. The Lithuanian - Byelorussian nobility was polonised as early as the 16th century (generally  speaking, the ethnically non Polish noble families of Belarus adopted the Polish language and culture but only Byelorussian was official language of the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 14th - 17th centuries till 1697) and converted from the Orthodoxy to Roman Catholicism. The Czyz family used the coat of arms of FOX proper since 

1534 

id est Marcin Konstantynowicz Czyz from Nieciecza 

either Marcin Czyz Konstantynowicz from Nieczyca 

or Marcin Czyz Nieczycki (or Nietecki because different opinions have been passed upon him; more inf. on the Fox coat of arms in Lithuania and Belarus, see: the Fox crest) who was born probably c. 1495

The royal courtier Marcin Konstantynowicz Czyz from Nieciecza according to: 

Niesiecki 1839

Czarniecki 1875 

Boniecki 1901 

Leszczyc 1908/13, page 210

historical magazine of 1914

historical magazine of April 1938 (number 4/17, page 49)

Dymmel of 1995.

Konstantynowicz Czyz unknown of name (either Konstantinowicz who was born c. 1530 or the  probability is that Michno Konstantynowicz / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus) was missed out in the last  will and testament of his father 

1547 

and devoid of a legacy which daughter Margaret inherited; she had got some brothers. Another lawsuits were also at that time: lady Katarzyna Czyz -  Boguszewski vs. her sons i.e. the sons of Stanislaw Wojciechowicz Czyzewicz or Czyz in 1546 and at the same time Jan Czyzewicz son of Jurij and his wife Hanna nee Narbut vs. Aleksander Czyzewicz son  of Wojciech in 1547.  

Part of the Czyz family from neighbourhood of Lida (either Nietiacz, Nieciecz, Nieciecza, Nieczyca or Nietiaz near to Dubrovny and  farther  Lipniszki, 9 km from Lida

c. 1550 

have accepted the Konstantynowicz surname (from Christian name of father according to Leszczyc of 1908/13; Konstiantin or Kostiantin = Konstantin that is "steadfast, constant") adopting the  armorial bearings of FOX proper and  moved out  to the Samaites territory  and also to the Trakai district, and after   from here to the Minsk province  circa 

1570 

   I don't know surely where did Michno = Michal / Miknos  Konstantinoviciaus come from. I don't know doubtless if exactly Michno  was stripped of the assets by his sister in 1547.  

But then Miknos  Konstantinoviciaus /  Konstantinovicius - nobleman from Zaleskovscizna  /  Zaleskowszczyzna - was  founder of Roman  Catholic church in 

Krikstonys 

1562 

   Settlement Krikstonys in Lithuania now, in  subdistrict Norageliai,   county Alytus / Olita, now the parish of Christ the King in Krikstonys   67252, phone 31847893; Post Office in Krikstonys, LT - 67014, Lazdijai Lozdzee / Lozdzieje District Municipality. Krikstonys is 18,5 km SW of  Alytus - near by Zilviciai, Gudonys, Dubravai and Lizdai; 2,5 km West of  Nemunas and 5 km SE of Norageliai.  

   

In reality just famous 

Michno Konstantynowicz / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus  / Michal  Konstantinovicius 

received a big estate, an arable ground and forested land from the king Sigismund Augustus on 

04 January 1554 

i.e. the Merkine farmland or 

Merecz Michnowski 

was situated in the Merkine area, Merkine parish (= Merecz, Meretium or Merken area in the Troki district in the ex-province of Troki; a chief officer for life of the Merkine area was Jan Janowicz      Zabrzezinski / Zaberezenski since 1536; the Junowicz family lived close by Merkine - see also: the Pileszyszki estate), beside the Niemen river (Neman or Nemunas), next to estuary of  Merkys  =  Mereczanka river 

and the same Michno possessed a landed property 

Zaleskowszczyzna / Zaleskovscizna  

49 km N-W-N of Lida in the Troki or Trakai district, too (close by a south - easterly border of the former Trakai district) as early as 

1552 

and it seems he owned Merkine (2nd) farmland in addition id est 

Merecz Michnowo 

upstream of Merkys river in the Turgeliai parish, 38 km S-E-S of Vilnius. Zaleskowszczyzna, Merecz Michnowski, Ulkiszkisettlement Krikstonys and Merecz Michnowo are situated at the territory of   independent, since 1918 (1940 - 1991 occupied), Republic of Lithuania. We set out to the authority in Vilna on 19 May 1842 original of the privilege edited by the king to MICHNO Konstantynowicz who was endowed with estate in the Merecz area  on 04 January 1554 and many of documents of 18th cent.  

c. 1550 Raseiniai region i.e. Rosienie / Rossienie in the  Samaites territorythe Poszeszow estate in the middle of the 16th century

1598

Petrus Konstantynowicz

in France and Perugia (a province of Umbrien in Italy) according to "Lista degli scolari (...)"

1600

The Konstantynowicz family used POCHOWICZ by-name (or Pohozy, Pohosha, Pohowicz, Rokoz, Rohoza and Pokoz nicknames, information of 1937) at first in the Minsk province since A.D. 1600. 

It was a certain Rohoza family in the Orsa district and Verchnjadzvinsk (i.e. Dryssa) region A.D. 1602/1643 but it's not our line

c. 25 August 1601

A certain judicial document from the

district of Trakai 

(i.e. Troki) tell us about noblemen, Jan Sobolewski of Busilolisdy by Kraksznia river near by Urkiszki and Stanislaw Kiszka, who litigated against a neighbour from Lachowicze due to the same taken away a little ground in 1600; the landowner called Pavel i.e.

Pawel Konstantynowicz,

Matys Gozdziewski and Stefan Stankiewicz in evidence at the end of August 1601; we read in the document about neighbours: Koklin family and Jan Sowgowicz, and also about a functionary from Trakai, Jan Stanislawowicz from Bogdanowicze village; the document signed in 

Urkiszki

and above village Urkiszki i.e. Ulkiszki was situated only 1 km NW of Rudziszki (i.e. Rudiskes, Lithuania now). 

07 March 1643

Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz

was rewarded a privilege in the Minsk province handed over to him by the king Vladislav IV Vasa. Bonifacy 1st Konstantynowicz derived from above mentioned Mikolay.

These  facts noted down in armorials of the Grand duchy of  Lithuania: 

1578 Konstantinowicz who was born c. 1530 

1584 Michal Konstantynowic / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus / Konstantinovicius 

1661 

they partially moved house to the EAST BELARUS in the MSCISLAU / Mstsislaw province  near to: 

KRYCAU / Kritschew by Sosh / Kritchev / Krychaw  where we had eight hundred peasants c. 1700;  neighbourhood: the Brujewicz family (in Krycau A.D. 1745), Czyz (Bazyli Czyz was an officer in Krycau in 1522), Danilowicz (Russians burned down Krycau in 1655 and all assets of Pawel Danilowicz,  too), Holynski family (proprietors of  towns Krychaw = Kritchev and Klimavici but after 1772), Jerzy Malachowski, Nowodworski, Petrazycki, dukes Polubinski or Polubenski (here as early as  1540), Siemaszko (Jan Siemaszko + wife Tomila Saprynowski at the castle of Kritchev / Krychaw in 1695), Siemienowicz (a priest Wasyl Siemienowicz in 1664), a certain Szalus (clerk in Krycau in 1568 - he  fought against Russians in the Smolensk province), Mikolaj Shukovski (Nikolay Zhukovski i.e. Zukowski), Usakowski (in Zarubec since 1878), Weselowski (i.e. Wesolowski or Wiesiolowski in Kritschew as early  as 1634 and next in 1663), Jan  Zadanowicz (or Zdanowicz, Zdanavicius in Kritchev = Krychaw A.D. 1662, he came from the Orsa / Orscha district), Wacur (in Kritschew and nearby Zimonino or Zimonin) and  others families

MSCISLAU  (= Mstsislaw, Mstislavl, Mstislawl

(the effigy from http://www.kresy.co.uk/belo_costume.html)  

and in the region northwards of MSCISLAU i.e. the  villages Samava  (either Szamowo by the Lejedna river or Chamovo at the map   of 1834, Czamow at the map "Carte Des Frontieres de Pologne  et de Russie (...)" by Rizzi Zannoni  of 1772, only 3 km from present border of Russia), KopceukaNiesterevo  or  Niesterow - the Berezetnia estate, where  Swedes  looted  their assets on 29 - 30 August (the battle near to  Dobroje by White  Natopa river 16 km SW of Mscislau) A.D. 

1708 

Those near and dear in the Mscislau / Mstsislaw territory, the Polish and others known and renowned families

Brujewicz 

of Boncza arms (or Boncz - Brujewicz, in Bohdanovka - i.e. Bogdanowka in Russia  now - in the Mscislau ex-district since 1870 and here also Poplatyno since 1870; Petrulin in the region of Cerykau; Muryn - Bor or Bor near to Holynski's Michiejeviczi, 12 km NW of Klimavicy since 1870; and Sieliszcze 18 km E-S-E of Cavusy or Czausy - since 1876

counties  Puszkin Pushkin 

according to Szaposznikow, vol. 1, in Mscislau = Mstsislaw 1774; owned Kolodzicz / Oltuchow in the province A.D. 1560, next Sielec or Sjalec farm south of Mstsislaw (according to "Philip's Concise World Atlas", 2003) i.e. Mscislau,  Novae Sjalo  i.e. Nowosiolki SW of Mscislau in 1774  and Monachi  from Suchodolski  family;   relations: Sokolowski Konstantynowicz  and Reutt  family.  The greatest Russian poet, founder of classical  Russian   poetry, Alexander Pushkin, born June 6, 1799, in Moscow, into the old noble family.  

Dederko 

of Dederkalo arms (the crest verified on 10 March 1798, they lived in the Mscislau province and possessed: Stare Siolo - 8 km NW of Mscislau, Nowe  Siolo i.e. Novae Sjalo - 13 km SW of Mscislau, Hryckowo, Pisarzewszczyzna and Turowka -  14  km  SW of   Novae Sjalo  / Nowoje Sselo  Nowe Siolo /  Nowosiolki)  

Holynski

relations: Chelchowski at the beginning of the  17th  cent., Suryn before 1663, Kolski from Chlyszczewo by 1670 Ostankiewicz, Hurko, Konstantynowicz, Wojna,  Karpilowicz, Anna nee Sutocki + Norbert Holynski from Janovek,  Moskiewicz, Piszczal from Brakowiec, Kurzeniecki, counties Aleksandrowicz and Starosielski  from Holedz at the  beginning of the 18th cent.; Bojwid, Chodzkiewicz, Kaszyc,  Mister(ow), Kirkor, Zyrkiewicz, Zukowski  and Stachowski in  the 18th cent.; Kotly, Issakowicz, Nagorski (i.e. Nagurski; pilot Jan I.  Nagurskij did "the world first flight in Nesterov's flying boat on  September 17th, 1916 twice with a passenger"; the international record was registered by the Airclub counsel on November 16th, 1916), Swatkowski  (Swiatkowski) + Tekla nee Holynski at the end of the 18th cent.; Czudowski, Ciechanowiecki and Wieczor at the beginning  of the 19th cent. 

dukes Horski

places: Miksztyn or Miksztyno, Dudino, Liszki and Cerkowiszcze, and next here Ciechanowiecki, Hurko, Taran,  Suchodolski families 

Hurko

in Jurkowszczyzna - 1330 ha. - near to Soino, Russia now; the Hurko house related to Dabrowski family of the  Abdank coat of arms, branch from the Siauliai and Kaunas territories; relations: the Konstantynowiczs 

Jaroszewicz

Ludwik lived here in 1764 

Korsak

Jozef Korsak, officer in the Mscislau province in 1611 - lived in Hlybokae, too; the others after 1667; possessed Holubicze in the Polack = Polatsk province and an estate in the Merkine parish - the Trakai district; in the Vicebsk / Vitsyebsk  government related to the Lissowski house 

Korzeniewski 

or Korzeniowski with the Fox coat of arms or Kosciesza arms according to Piekosinski, derived from the Brest province;  the house distinguished in the Vitsyebsk  /  Vicebsk province, the Polack / Polatsk province and Livonia since the  beginning of the 18th cent.; the Korzeniewski house possessed village Usa (Usza or Staraja Usha) near by Kaluzyn, and  also they possessed in the Minsk government in the end of the 19th cent.: Piorunov(y) Most together with Nieciejewski  family, Krasny Brzeg and Hajdukowa Sloboda (Galdukova Sslobodka); Korzeniewski Jerzy + Konstancja nee Jablonski  from  the Mscislau province were owners of the Jurkowszczyzna farm in 1766 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth / Grand Principality  of  Lithuania i.e. a federal monarchy-republic formed by the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania then, and Russia now   http://www.szlachta.org/tomecki.htm); they verified themselves in Hrodna in 1835; related to Ulanowski family 

Kurko

Jurkowszczyzna village, close by estates of the families Hurko, dukes Polubinski and Rajewski in the 19th cent.

Petryzycki

or Pietrazycki, Petrazycki, Petrazickis in the Orsa and Mahileu areas A.D. 1592, Mscislau 1648, farms in Suchanowo 1654, Koscielnik and Szamowszczyzna = Samauscyna 7 km NW of Mscislau; near to Krycau 1695, village Petrazyce or Pietryki by 1813 

Polonicki

related to the Konstantynowicz family; they derived from Eustafi Polonicki who stayed in Kaniow in 1663 

dukes Polubinski

Leo Polubinski in the first half of the 16th cent.; Wasil in Mstislawl A.D. 1535, Iwan was officer in Mscislau 1569, Konstantyn Polubinski in Mscislau 1627 - 1629, Karol was clerk in Mscislau in 1700; they possessed village Leszczynsk A.D. 1510, Slowuczany and next village Jurkowszczyzna since 1858 - 7 km NE of Soino i.e. Sojna at the map of 1859; the family was kinsman to the Fedorowicz house and Wolowicz i.e. Wollowicz - middle 16th century 

Rajewski 

or Rajewskij, Rajauskas with Nalecz and Radwan arms in Belarus as early as 1509, here in 1528 and after 1595, 1623,  owned Kislowicze and Fenowszczyzna in 1663, Perany in 1664, Stajow from the Ipacewicz family and Jurkowszczyzna  since 1858 - together with Polubinski; their neighbours: Komorowski from Mazyki, Ipacewicz, Strzyzewski, Zloczewski  c.  1664 

Sutocki 

i.e. Sutockas of the Dolega coat of arms with Malkowicz nickname, numerous estates in the Mscislau district in the 19th cent., next in the Trakai district, related to: Kijacki, Holynski, Krzywicki, Kozuchowski, Kondratowicz, Ostankiewicz, Zubr, Platowski - vide the work of Jan Ciechanowicz ed. in Rzeszow 2001, vol. 5 

counties  Wollowicz

or Volovitch since 1590 in this territory, next of kin with the Szemiot family in 1700, owned A.D. 1778: Staje Berezetnia, Horowatka, Ray - i.e. Bolschoj Raj in present Russia and near by border between Belarus and  Russia, Miteykow i.e. Miljejkova close by current border, Kozuchowicze - i.e. Koshuchowitschi in  Russia now, Polachowszczyzna, Jurginow and Pietrowicze i.e. Petrovici estate - 810 ha. and 10 km E of Soino - in  Zahustyn area, the Klimavicy district A.D. 1784, Russia now; related to Kamienski - inf. of 1623; others in Mscislau  in  1634, too.  

They came of Stanislaw Wissygina of 1413 with Bogorya arms according to Niesiecki of 1842, vol. 9, p. 414 - 421: and his son Jerzy Wyssyginowicz who accepted Wolowicz surname in 1454, and also his grandson Jerzy Wolowicz who fought in the battle near by Viedrussa in 1499, this last Jerzy had 3 sons (Niesiecki missed out a generation, I think): Bogdan, Grzegorz and third unknown; two sons came of this third unknown: Ostafiej - inf. of 1568 and Marcyan + wife nee Pac: they had 3 sons i.e. Dominik + wife nee Savicki, Jan Kazimierz + Katarzyna nee Narushevich - inf. of 1676 and Wincenty who died in 1698; above Dominik had 3 sons: Marcyan 2nd + Antonina nee Zahorovski in the Mscislau area in 1704, Krzysztof  and Wincenty from the Mscislau  province; Wincenty had daughter who had gotten married to Pac, and also six sons: Marcyan 3rd, Dominik 2nd, Aleksander, Krzysztof, Jerzy and  Stanislaw  who died in 1737 and had gotten married to Eleonora Racs; this last Stanislaw had two sons living in the Mscislau province in the middle  of the 18th cent.  

and others families. More inf. about the Mscislau province, see: 

Deka Company
At margin: Russian army in the east Lithuania since 1657 till 1661 in Mstislawl; army of Saxony in Lithuania at first in 1708/1709, and next 1713 - 1717; the Russian army stationed in the east Lithuania: 1733-1736, 1743-1748, 1757-1763, 1764, 1767 - 1772. 

Ancestors of ours 

- Piotr Konstantynowicz who was born c. 1610 in the Minsk province; he lived in the Mscislau  province A.D. 1669 

- Augustin / Augustyn Rokoz Konstantynowicz (Augustyn was a clerk of the Lithuanian military  confederation since 1661 by 1667 and after a special envoy of Michal Pac to Moscow to ask tsar Aleksei / Aleksey to put up his son Feodor /  Fiodor III as a candidate to Polish election; the municipal and territorial writer in the Mscislau province, born c. 1635, had died 1713 or before  1713

- Adam Konstantynowicz of 1697 

- Krzysztof  Konstantynowicz in 1697 

- Adam Franciszek Konstantynowicz A.D. 1707  

- Franciszek Rohoza Konstantynowicz near of kin with Holynski family from Soino (either Big  Soino or Voronove Slobody near by a  farm of Mielkovka = Mietkowka), and his siblings and Hurko family also (from  Krotowsza otherwise called Krynki  or  Krotovshe that belonged to Romejko - Hurko family in the Orsa district)  were in trouble  for this reason with Holynski  (Kazimierz  son of Stefan Kazimierz Holynski from Chlyszczewo i.e. Chwostowo close by  border between Belarus and  Russia, from  Soino and Uszpol) family after 1714.  
   The above
 Soino is situated 18 km east away from Mscislau, at territory of Russia now i.e. 7 km from present border; it was the Grand duchy of Lithuania 1359 - 1772 and next in Russia: the Mstislavl district, Soino region = "volost" that is similar to county, in a parish of Mscislau (archbishopric of Mahileu, in the Mscislau - Klimavicy catholic area were three parishes: Lozovica, Mscislau and Smolensk in the 19th cent.); one our leg lived in the territory of  present Belarus, but the second one stood  at the present land of Russia in borders after 1992. A fortunes of Poles in this remote easterly territories of the former Both Nations Republic turned out differently than by  Vistula, because not a few Poles had got to choose military service in the Russian Army since the end of the 18th cent. or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia since second half of the 19th century.

- Antoni Konstantynowicz signed the Second Manifesto of Lithuanian Nobility in 1763 

- Dominik Konstantynowicz was born in the Mahileu (either Mogiliow or Mogiljow by Dnepr, Mogilev =  Mahilyow by Dnieper, Moghilev) Government in Russia near by Krycau / Krychaw c. 1805.  

   A certain Konstantynowicz was gotten married with Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki from Kublicze (= Kublicy) in accordance  with Boniecki; she was great-granddaughter of  

Stanislaw Duke Radziwill at Nieswiez / Nyasvizh  (b.1722) + Karolina nèe Pociej (b. 1732)  

and daughter of Jozef Piottuch - Kublicki of the Ostoja coat of arms (Oktawia born c. 1810, and Kublicy = Kublicze is situated in Uszacz region  = Ushachi, Usacy - that is west of Uszacz, the Witebsk / Vitsyebsk /  Vicebsk province, in district of Lepel / Lyepyel) Mentioned Konstantynowicz that was  Dominik born c. 1805, exceptionally well-off man, the second husband of Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki because Jozef  Szumski was the first one. It was plenty of conversations among families of Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz even in the  middle of the twentieth century about wealth of Dominik. 

   These spouses were related with: dukes Radziwill (one of richest person of Poland and Lithuania in eighteenth century, Stanislaw duke Radziwill was an immediate descendant of Aleksander Ludwik duke Radziwill - born  1594 - with "Trumpets" coat of arms and his wife Tekla nèe Wollowicz; also the descendant of  Mikolaj Krzysztof duke Radziwill  called  the "Black" born 1515 in Nieswiez  -  most influential man in Grand Principality of Lithuania in 16th cent. and an uncle of Barbara Radziwill),  dukes Oginski, Szumski, Piottuch  (- Kublicki), Smokowski, Soltan, Pociej  and Benislawski

   Note about the Piottuch - Kublicki family: 

   Ferdynand Piottuch - Kublicki, who was an activist of 1863 in the East Belarus, was friend of Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski from the  Vicebsk region and also Walerjan Weryho / Valerian Veryho (he was owner of the Stajki estate - South of Vicebsk, close to the Dymanowo station, where Russian police on 22nd April 1863 attempted to arrest him). Above Ferdynand  Piottuch - Kublicki was neighbour of Wasilewski and relation of Staniewicz; he and  duke Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski / Weryho stayed in Vicebsk in 1862 and in Stajki 1863. Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski was familiar to: Moniuszko, Odyniec, Syrokomla and with Aleksander Chodecki in Mohylew (Mahileu or Mogiliow) in 1859

    Note about the Benislawski family: 

     The Benislawskis from Polack / Polatsk / Polock, Vicebsk / Vitsyebsk / Witebsk, Lucyn / Ludza and Rzeczyce / Rzeczyca / Rezekne districts (here also in the thirties of the  20th  cent.). The bishop of Mogilev (Mohylew, Mahileu or Mogiliow), Jan Benislawski  who was in Rome 1783, consecrated new  R.C. church in Aglona, in SE  Latgale, 25 km SE of Preili and 40 km NE of  Daugavpils, in 1800.  The Kastyr estate  i.e. Kastire  was situated in this parish: 42,5 km NE of  Daugavpils (Dunaburg,  Dyneburg), and belonged to the noble Dunaburg marshal Jozef  Brzezinski and next Zaba family.

This branch of the Konstantynowiczs come from Dominik Konstantynowicz with the Fox coat of arms.

Brief explanation:

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.

Above named Jozef had daughters and sons:

1. Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benisławski 1846-1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanisław, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benisławski, Helena Benisławska b. before 1852);

2. Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);

3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;

4. Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;

5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz;

6. above named Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735-1789.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760

[daughter of Stanisław Sołtan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer;
the granddaughter of Samuel Sołtan 1654 - 1735; and
great-granddaughter of Hieronim Władysław Sołtan],

with:
1. Elżbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Brasław, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Sołtan (see below).

Half sister of above named Stanisław Sołtan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Sołtan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanisław Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róża Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Sołtan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanisław Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanisław Sołtan and Helena Römer;
husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł b. 1751
and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockytė / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanisław Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of
Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, wife of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Sołtan;
Anna Sołtan;
Stanisław Sołtan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanisław Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.

Above Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznań,
husband of Idalia b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michał Pociej;
Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan b. 1792 was father of Aleksander Stanisław August Sołtan and Maria Anna Sierakowska.
Above Aleksander Stanisław August Sołtan 1821 - 1853, was father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.

Note to Smokowski:

Wincenty Smokowski b. 1797 in Wilno, died 1876 in Krykiany (KRIKONYS or Krykiany, the manor / Krikonys, 18 km south-east of Ignalina, south-east of UTENA) close to Mielegiany.
Wincenty Smokowski, was "painter, graphic artist, sculptor, lecturer at the Vilnius University (studied at the Vilnius University 1817 - 1822);
and at the Art Academy in St. Petersburg in 1823-29 (1831-36 in Wilno again studied medicine).
In 1829 under Jan Rustem

[b. 1762 in Konstantynopol, died in 1835, Dūkšteliai / Duksztialiai / Dūkštas in Lithuania, he was a painter of Armenian ethnicity, was sponsored by
Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, back to Poland around 1774, among his tutors were Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine and Marcello Bacciarelli;
1788 and 1790 in Germany, where he became a freemason,
then in Warsaw, later moving to Vilna;
1789 he worked in the theater of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Casimir Oginski in Slonim - to 1798;
in Wilno was as assistant to Franciszek Smuglewicz, his students were Taras Shevchenko, Józef Oleszkiewicz, Kanuty Rusiecki, and Michał Kulesza].

Painted compositions of an historical, daily life, and antiquarian nature, as well as portraits; illustrated books, and published articles about Lithuanian art and artists", acc. to http://www.unesco.org/webworld.
In 1822, the Vilnius artist Wincenty Smokowski (1797–1876) visited the ruins of the Trakai island castle and sketched the surviving fragments.
Wincenty Smokowski was excellent woodcutter - illustrator by Aleksander Majerski (1789-1857), artist, lithographer, drawing teacher.

Now back to
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski: b. 1740, Freemason; 1772 in Vienna, his wife Paula Szembek / Paulina Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski, b. 1765 died 1833 in Florencja.
Michal Kleofas Oginski married Izabela Lasocka ca 1791 (1789). They had 2 sons, Tadeusz Antoni, and Franciszek Ksawery / Xavier.
Maria de Néri / Maria Neri was his second wife in 1802, with children Amelia Zaluska, Emma Brzostowska - Wysocka, Ireneusz and Ida, acc. to Iwo Zaluski.
Michal Kleofas Oginski, in accordance with second source, had children: Tomasz Antoni Oginski, Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski, Franciszek Ksawery Oginski, Amelia Zaluska, Ida Oginska, and Emma Oginska.
Acc. to Iwo Zaluski: ca 1798, Kajetan Nagurski himself returned to Russian Lithuania, to reclaim and sort out his estate. Kajetan, unable then to get a passport allowing him back into Prussia, and thus to Warsaw, asked Morawski's father, Apolinary, to visit Maria Neri. Apolinary Morawski became lover behind Kajetan's back, with Maria Neri ca 1798. Nagurski brought her to his estate in Lithuania, where he married her, ca 1799. Ca 1800 Maria began to be seen in the company of the dashing young Count Ludwik Pac, whose father, Count Michal Pac, owned Jezno, one of the finest palaces in Lithuania. The affair came to an end when Count Kajetan Nagurski decided to go to Vienna with Maria, where he hoped to find a cure for his jaundice. Kajetan died soon afterwards in Vienna 1800 / 1801. His widow, now an independent lady, returned to Vilnius, and in 1801, Countess Maria Nagurska's life changed direction after she caught the attention of General Count Levin August von Bennigsen, Governor of Vilnius.

Above Michal Kleofas Oginski in 1790, to The Hague as a diplomatic representative of Poland in the Netherlands; in 1795 Konstantynopol, 1796 Venice, Tuscany; Paris; 1810 Petersburg; moved abroad in 1815?, in 1822 Italy, 1823 Firenze / Florence to death 1833.
Michal Kleofas Oginski in 1801 was living with his wife Izabela and two infant sons, Tadeusz and Xavier, at his wife's family's estate at Brzeziny, to the south west (see Otrebusy) of Warsaw.

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki married to above Ida Ogińska b. ca 1813 / 1820. He was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki;
Adolf's sister
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Szumski + 2nd Dominik Konstantynowicz;
next sister Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Benisławski;
Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 m. Władysław Józef Sołtan b. 1795, d. 1843, son of Józefa Benisławska;
and Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + above mentioned Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michał and Konstancja Mickiewicz
(his wife's estate was Krikonys, a small village in the Ignalina region).

Apolonia Szemet b. 1599 was daughter of Bogdanas Oginskis and Regina / Raina; she was wife of Jerzy Szemet and Michal Despot Zienowicz [Polonia Oginska / Apolonia Oginski b. 1599 was the maternal grandmother of Anna von Wrangell].

Above Bogdanas Oginskis / Bohdan Matveevich Ogiński, ca 1558 - 1625, was also father of Samuel Prins Oginsky b. ca 1593 in Kruonis, died 1657 in Kruonis, who was father of Szymon Karol Symeon Ogiński ca 1621 - 1699; father of Marcin Michał / Marcjan Ogiński, 1672 in Vitebsk, d. 1750; father of Tadas Pranciškus Oginskis / Tadeusz Franciszek Ogiński 1712 - 1783 in Maladzyechna, Minsk Province; who was father of Andrius Ignotas Oginskis and Franciszek Ksawery Stanisław Ogiński.

Józef Tadeusz Ogiński 1693-1736 was son of Kazimierz Dominik Ogiński b. circa 1664 and Eleonora; grandson of Jan Ogiński / Jan Jacek Ogiński, born 1619 in Mstislavl, d. 1684 - son of mentioned above Samuel
{Samuel Prins Oginsky b. ca 1593 in Kruonis who was brother of above Apolonia Szemet b. 1599 daughter of Bogdanas Oginskis and Regina / Raina; she was wife of Jerzy Szemet and Michal Despot Zienowicz. Samuel and Apolonia had next brother Jan Ogiński / Jan Jacek Ogiński, born 1619 in Mstislavl}.

Now about the Juriewiczs [the Jurevich family]:

A. senior provincial clerk in the Mscislau / Mstislavl territory: Jurij Jurjewicz Ostyk;

B. Princess Polonia Oginskaja - Szemet born 1599, was the daughter of Bogdanas Oginskis and Regina / Raina; married 2nd Michal Despot Zienowicz b. ca 1590 / 1600, and their daughter Joanna or Anna nee Despot Zenovich born ca 1640 married Jozef Jurewicz / Joseph Jurevicha (Jurewicz - Polish princes) b. ca 1640.

Tyszkiewicz Mikołaj m. in 1645 to Katarzyna Krystyna Despot-Zenowicz.

C. from Jurjewicz, Łukasz Mateusz, b. ca 1660, was
Jurjewicz, Franciszek Felicjan, b. 1695,
with child in the Oshmiana ex-district: Franciszek Felicjan Jurjewicz / Jurewicz, with:
Jurjewicz, Tomasz, b. 21/12/1720,
Jurjewicz, Stanisław, b. 1725,
ANTONI JUREWICZ / Anthony Yurevich / Jurjewicz, Antoni, b. 1730 / 1735 + Agnieszka Konstantynowicz of the Mscislau branch of the Konstantynowiczs,
and last Jurjewicz, Adam, b. 1740 + Marianna.

Ignacy Nikodem Jurjewicz, was born to Antoni Jurjewicz and Agnieszka born Konstantynowicz. Юре́вич / Юрэвіч / Jurjewicz or Jurjevicius Antoni was born in 1735. Ignacy had 6 brothers and sisters: Tadeusz Jurewicz, Michał Jurjewicz and so on. Ignacy married Justyna Wieliczko. They had 3 sons: Józef Jurjewicz b. ca 1790, and 2 other children. Above Ignacy Nikodem Jurjewicz b. ca 1760 / 1770 ?

Note on the Despot-Zenowiczs:
Antoni Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1730 / 1735 had son
Michał Despot-Zenowicz born ca 1770, + Anna Despot-Zenowicz nee Niemirowicz-Szczytt who had 2 sons
[all children: Wirginia, Justyna, Jan, Hieronim b. ca 1800; Antoni; Ludwik; Ignacy b. 1802]:
1. Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz (c. 1802 - d. ?);
2. Jan b. ca 1800.
In Biegienie in the Wolkowysk county were living: Przetocki (1830), Chodakowski (1830-1900), Nestorowicz (1847), Despot-Zenowicz (1847), Heburowicz (1928);
buried in Szydłowice: above ? Jan Despot-Zenowicz, lived 85 years, his mother lived 71 years, his son Jan Julian Despot-Zenowicz Major of the Russian Army lived 72 years, wife of ? Julianna; father Nestorowicz senior died January 1847 roku, his daughter Pelagia, son Edward Nestorowicz, next daughter Anna Nestorowicz Despot-Zenowicz.

Mentioned Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800 had 2 sons [maybe 4 sons: Zenon b. 1830, Stanislaw, Aleksander, Ignacy]:
1. Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1830, son of Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800; + Justyna Despot-Zenowicz nee Brzostowska b. ca 1830 from Wincenty Brzostowski, Marshal of the Lucyn / Ludsen county, Livland, now Latvia, b. ca 1790.
Wincenty was grandson of Augusta Ogińska 1724-1791, and great-grandson of Józef Tadeusz Ogiński 1693-1736.
Stanislav Yurevich, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, accounted Ignatius Despot Zenovich nephew owner of the Kolpino estate. Alexander Pushkin back in 1824 from Odessa to Mikhailovsky, was in Kolpino, close to present city Pustoshka. In those years it was owned by Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot-Zenovich, a member of the Masonic Lodge in St. Petersburg. Ignacy Despot ZENOWICZ b. ca 1830 was a translator of Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin.
Ignacy's children: Mieczysław Deszpot-Zenowicz b. ca 1850, Maria Aniela, Wanda.
Stanislaw Jurewicz / Stanislav Yurevich, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, was next of kin with named above Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot Zenovich.
Stanislaw Juriewicz, as the oldest brother, divided these properties among his brothers. His brother, Michal Juriewicz, received Kraszuty, a large estate covered by a dense forest, known to contain bears, moose, and other big game. His brother Jan received two estates, Franopol and Porzecze.
Joseph Juriewicz/ Jozef Jurewicz, from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev had a sister, Anna von Wrangell nee Jurewicz, b. ca ?, was seventeen years younger than he.
Jozef Jurewicz came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot-Zienowicz; also in Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty.

2. Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, born in 1833 or 1835.
Станислав Иванович Деспот-Зенович / Stanisław Iwanowicz Despot-Zenowicz / Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, born in 1833 or 1835, d. 1900, Catholic, 1853 in Moscow, then in 1853 in Tiflis / Тифлис, served under Михаил Семенович Воронцов who had wife Eliza Branicka; 1865 trip in Germany, France, England, Wien, Italy, Turkey, and back Tiflis; 1867 moved to Baku / Баку, 1873 in Russia, Wien, Italy, back in Nov. 1873; Baku city Mayor 1879-1894.

His brother was Aleksander Iwanowicz Despot-Zenowicz (1829-1897), Moscow Univ., the Tobolsk governor in 1862-1867, then an official in the Ministry of the Interior.
In 1851 he was appointed foreign language interpreter at the Head Office of Eastern Siberia in Irkutsk. In 1855 he was appointed Chairman of the Commission in Bukhara; 1858 he was sent to the Chinese city Urga for border important secrets and diplomatic information. Since 1859 he was appointed mayor of the border town of Kyakhta in eastern Siberia in 1860. Pole by birth; 1870 lived in St Petersburg; Despot-Zenovich was as the gendarmerie General.

They come from Jerzy (Jur) Jan Zenowicz, inf. 1639. Next was Stanisław Zenowicz (ca 1610-1672) inf. 1646, 1653, 1661, 1665, 1671; his son was Krzysztof Zenowicz born ca 1650, died 1717, in Oshmiany 1687 - 1715, Colonel, governor in Minsk in 1709.

Brief explanation:
A. Jan ŚWIATOPEŁK-MIRSKI born ca 1770 married Tekla Burgundyfera Despot-Zenowicz, with sons:
Jan b. ca 1810 m. Michalina Osmulska, with daughter Klaudia born ca 1840 m. Jan Jesman;
Klaudiusz b. ca 1810 m. Brygida Światopełk-Mirska with daughter Walentyna b. ca 1850 m. 1st August Ogiński, 2nd to Franciszek Czerwiński.
B. Mikołaj Bogusław Zenowicz (died 1621 close to Chocim) was son of Krzysztof, Catholic, his daughters:
Anna Zofia (d. 1664) m. Albrycht Władysław Radziwiłł, 2nd to Franciszek Florian Zebrzydowski;
Zofia married to Paweł Sapieha.

NOTE:
Anna was great-grandmother of Carl, Baron Wrangell-Rokassovsky that is Carl Philipp von Wrangel Gyubentalya (1786-1858). Karl married to Anna Jurevich who had three estates in Vitebsk province - Kolpino, Reblino and Zabel [Reblio, and Zabelja]. Kolpino belonged to her mother, nee Despot-Zenovich.
His mother was BARONESS VERA ROKASSOWSKY / Wiera nee Rokossowska.
In the second half of the XIX century, owner of the Kolpino estate was Stanislav Wrangell (1844-1913) - son of the famous physician Carl Philipp von Wrangel Gyubentalya (1786-1858). Carl Wrangel was married twice. From his first wife Constance, he had two sons. After the death of Constance in 1832, he married Anna Yurevich. In 1844 they had a son Stanislav, the future judge and the owner of the estate in Kolpino. Anna Jurevich had three estates in Vitebsk - Kolpino, Reblino and Zabel. Kolpino belonged to her mother, nee Despot-Zenovich.

WRANGEL GYUBENTAL Vladimir (Waldemar Constantine Wrangell Gubental) S., born in 1875 in the estate Kolpino, Pustoshka County, baron, married to Maria Nikolaevna von Wrangell Gyubental, in the family was daughter Olga. In 1930 a resident of Moscow, was out of work. In 1937 was arrested and sentenced to shot at Butovo.
His father was above Baron von Wrangell Gyubental Stanislav Karlovic / Stanislaw Wrangel Gubental b. 1844 - died 1913 + Wiera Rokossowska daughter of Aleksandra Rokossowska of Petersburg
{Wiera Rokossowska b. ca 1855, had son born 1896 in YALTA, Карл Врангель-Рокассовский author. She lived in Putchkovo close to NEVEL in home of Sziszko, near KOLPINO; her brother was officer in 1877 Vladimir Rokossowskij - then he was vice-governor of PENZA; brother Aleksiej had estate Dubokraj close to Vicebsk; her sister Elisavietha lived with daughter in Switzerland; Kolpino was estate of father of Stanislaw Wrangell-Rokossowski; second sister OLGA was married and lived in PETERGOFF; brother Aleksandr lived in Europe}.
Baron von Wrangell Gyubental Stanislav Karlovic was son of
Karl Wrangel Gubental, b. 1786 + after 1832 to Emilia Jurewicz / von Wrangell Gyubental Emilia, nee Jurevich or Anna Yurevich - her mother, nee Despot-Zenovich.

Now we back to the Wankowiczs:

Melchior Wankowicz b. ca 1760-1815

(his brothers:
Wincenty ca 1760 - died 1814, m. in 1804 to Kajetana Gąsowska b. ca 1790; and
Teodor born ca 1760, married Izabela Gąsowska),

m. in 1800 to Scholastyka Gorecki; with sons:
Walenty 1800-1842 m. in 1827 to Aniela Rostocka;
Stanisława b. ca 1803, m. Wincenty Hornowski;
Karol 1805-1854, m. Rozalia Wańkowicz born ca 1807-1891 with
son Melchior 1842-1892 m. in 1876 to Maria Szwoynicki ca 1855-1895, and grandson
Melchior 1891-1974 m. in 1916 to Zofia Małagowska 1891-1969.

Above Melchior ca 1760-1815,
Wincenty,
Teodor and
Stanisław b. ca 1760 were sons of
Aleksander and unknown Hrehorowicz.

Above Aleksander had brothers:
Wladyslaw;
Piotr;
Marcin

(b. ca 1730 with sons:
Teodor b. ca 1760;
Jozef b. ca 1760;
Ignacy with sons:
Hipolit b. 1809 and
Wladyslaw 1810-1848;
next sons of MARCIN:
Jakub b. ca 1760 and
Joachim m. Malgorzata JESMAN with
Jozef b. 1819 m. Wanda Swida with son
Florian b. 1851);

Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski
(with sons Kasper + Eleonora Makowiecka and
Józef + Marianna b. ca 1775);

and SEBASTIAN b. ca 1740

(with son Szczepan ca 1775 + Barbara Koziełł-Poklewski
and grandson Aleksander b. 1828 + Konstancja Estko;
and great-grandson Aleksander b. 1854 + Stanisława Aleksandrowicz; and his children:
Aleksander b. 1881;
Wanda 1882-1938 + 1st in 1900 to Rutkowski, 2nd in 1912 to Aleksander Ponomarew 1875-1965;
and Zygmunt born 1884).

Above Aleksander born 1854 had sibilings:
Ludwik b. ca 1858;
Stefan 1859-1923 + Helena Boguszewski 1868-1928, and
Konstanty b. 1860.

Above Stefan had children:
Maria b. 1890 + Jankowski b. ca 1880;
Maurycy 1893-1918;
Zofia 1894-1981 m. in ca 1925 to Tadeusz Römer 1894-1978;
Jadwiga 1900-1938 m. ca 1922 to Jan Rostworowski 1897-1975.

Above Mateusz Wankowicz (Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski) was son of Jan WANKOWICZ and Katarzyna Brzuchowski;
Jan was son of Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna Korsak.

Tadeusz Oginski owner of Luczaj, let this estate to Tadeusz Wankowicz and Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; Andrzej and Franciszek Ksawery Oginscy, sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Łuczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz senior b. ca 1675
(grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki;
Jan had brothers:
Wladyslaw b. ca 1648 and
Teodor b. ca 1650; and
Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK)

and Helena Wołodkowicz born ca 1685;

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki

(Tadeusz Wankowicz junior had sibilings:
Antoni Wańkowicz b. ca 1710;
Eleonora Wańkowicz b. ca 1715;
Scholastyka Wańkowicz born ca 1720;
Franciszka Wańkowicz b. ca 1725;
half brother was Adam Wańkowicz son of Teresa Filipowicz and Tadeusz senior);

son of Tadeusz junior was Antoni ca 1758-1812 m. Anna Sołtan ca 1785-1812.

Daughters of above Antoni:
Klementyna b. ca 1804, m. in 1820 to Edward Mostowski 1790-1855;
Waleria b. 1805, m. in 1821 to Konstanty Tyzenhauz 1785-1853;
and Wanda 1808-1842, m. in 1825 to Benedykt Emanuel Tyszkiewicz 1801-1866.
See more at http://genealogia.plewako.pl.

Пётр / Piotr Wankowicz, officer in Minsk, Belarus, owner of Wolma and Skarabagatawa farm in the Minsk county in 1654, died before 1670, married to Ганна Дунін-Глушынская / Anna / Hanna Dunin-Gluszynska of Wolkowysk;
his son was Stanislaw Wankowicz b. ca 1652.

Above Stanislaw Wankowicz / Станіслаў, of Smolany north-west of Orsha, bought from Tomasz Cedrowski and Katarzyna nee Drucka-Lubecka, Siemionkowicze / Сяменькавічы and Slobodka / Slobudka in the Minsk county in 1672, landowner of Domaszewicze / Damashevichi / Дамашы / Дамашэвічы in the Minsk county in 1682, 1st married to Krystyna Cedrowska / Цадроўская, 2nd to Hanna Korsak / Anna / Ганна Корсак of Polock.

Son of Stanislaw Wankowicz was Jan Antoni Wankowicz; see below.
All sons of above Stanislaw:
Kazimierz Wankowicz / Казімір;
Andrzej Wankowicz killed in 1700 near Olkienniki;
Tomasz / Тамаш, officer in Minsk in 1704, exiled in 1706, died before 1746, married Teofila Korsak;
Jan Antoni Wankowicz / Ян-Антоні, officer in Minsk - 06.10.1744, owner of Zabaszewicze / Забашавічы in the Minsk county in 1753, d. before 1766, married Katarzyna Brzuchowski / Bruchanska / Brzuchanska / Кацярына Бруханская;
Emercjanna / Emerencjana, m. Michal Rowinski of the Dobrzyn county.

Above Jan Antoni Wankowicz
(Melchior ca 1760-1815, Wincenty, Teodor and Stanisław b. ca 1760 were sons of Aleksander and unknown Hrehorowicz - see below;

Jan Antoni Wankowicz had sons:
Aleksander + lady Hrehorowicz;
and
Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski
with sons:
Kasper + Eleonora MAKOWIECKA, and
Jozef + Marianna b. ca 1775);

Jan Antoni Wankowicz had also son Piotr Wankowicz.

Mateusz Wankowicz (Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski) was son of Jan WANKOWICZ that is Jan Antoni Wankowicz and Katarzyna Brzuchowski;
Jan was son of Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna Korsak

[Stanislaw Wankowicz / Станіслаў, of Smolany north-west of Orsha, bought from Tomasz Cedrowski and Katarzyna nee Drucka-Lubecka, Siemionkowicze / Сяменькавічы and Slobodka / Slobudka in the Minsk county in 1672, landowner of Domaszewicze / Damashevichi / Дамашы / Дамашэвічы in the Minsk county in 1682, 1st married to Krystyna Cedrowska / Цадроўская, 2nd to Hanna Korsak / Anna / Ганна Корсак of Polock].

Above named
Piotr was judge in Minsk, and married to Urszula Illicz / Ілліч. They had sons:
Michal Wankowicz;
Jan Wankowicz m. Anna Szablowska / Ганна Шаблоўская;
and last son Wincenty Wankowicz.

Above Michal / Міхал, officer in Orsha, 1st m. Teofila Mikusz with two sons, 2nd Elzbieta Dzierzynska with 2 sons.
Sons of above Teofila Mikusz Wankowicz:
Damazy Wankowicz died 30.11.1797 in Rakow, lieutenant, m. Kazimiera Zaroska;
Adam Wankowicz officer under command of Count Eugeniusz Wurttemberg in 1833
(Duke Eugen of Württemberg / Eugen Carl Paul Ludwig von Württemberg, b. 1788, d. 1857, a General of Infantry in the Imperial Russian Army during the Napoleonic Wars, his younger brother was the explorer Duke Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg. His aunt was Empress Maria Feodorovna the consort of Paul I of Russia. 1776 moved to Petersburg to General Ehrenfried von Diebitsch und Narten, father of Iwan Dybicz).

Sons of Elzbieta Dzierzynska Wankowicz:
Antoni Franciszek Piotr Wankowicz, died in June 1820, buried in Smolany church;
Eustachy Wincenty Wankowicz d. April 1827, buried in Smolany church.

Смаляны / Смоляны / Smolany - north-west of Orsza / Orsha, ca 25 / 28 km.

A branch from Samuel Sołtan b. 1654, killed in 1709, m. 1st to Wisiunianka / Wisimianka, and 2nd to Helena Ewa von Manteuffel 1-v. Jan von Berk;

his son:
Stanisław Pereświt Sołtan 1698 - 1758, owned Andrepna and Zielonpole close to Rezekne / Rzeczyce, and Lideksna with Sprykutow close to Ludsen / Lucyn,
m. 1st to Eleonora Hilzen, daughter of Jerzy Konstanty Hilzen, and Anna Regina Schimmelpfennig von der Oye;
m. 2nd time in Dyrwiany to Helena Römer / Romer b. ca 1730 - she was 2-v. Jan Wayssenhof;
children of Stanislaw Soltan:
1. Augusta Sołtan, b. ca 1750 m. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Stanisław Sołtan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł d. 1802, daughter of Stanisław RADZIWILL and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzięcioł;
m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róża Górska.
Children of above Stanislaw Soltan:
1. Karolina Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 married after 1800 to Józef Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Anna Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812 son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki;
with children:
Waleria Wańkowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wańkowicz, + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Łohojski,
Klementyna Wańkowicz, + Mostowski.
Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732-1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.
3.
Helena Sołtan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
4.
Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;

5.
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.
Note:
Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Soltan Carolina born ca 1780; with child:
Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (mother Josepha Benislawska), her child
Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to above
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, landowner, member of the January Uprising.
Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia;
he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and mentioned by Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844, married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, daughter of Joseph and Valentina, and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia. In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.

6.
Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, with wifes:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and
Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.
Children of Stanislaw Soltan b. 1822:
1. Bogdan Wiktor Soltan 1861 - 1912 married to Maria Franciszka Soltan b. 1863, with daughter
- Maria Emilia Soltan b. 1889 Aninsk and died 1963, m. Zdzisław Henryk Grocholski - her daughter
Maria Grocholska b. 1911 Pietniczany and died in 1940 Otrebusy;
2. Emilia Soltan Korsak, b. 1847 d. 1908,
3. Stanislaw Soltan, 1848 - 1850,
4. Helena Soltan 1849 - 1852,
5. Adam Soltan 1851 - 1902 Brzostownica Murowana,
6.
Wiktor Władyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, owner of Kraszuty.

Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł / Jundzill Dunin had three daughters (see above and below):
1. Albertyna Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1836 - 1863;
2. Maria Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1827 - 1858;
3. Helena Chodźko nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1822 - 1886 in Paris.

Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodźko / Александр Ходзько / Аляксандар Ходзька, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia. Son of the writer Jan Chodzko; from 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom.
In 1847 he married in Lausanne to
Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland;
she was the granddaughter of Mikołaj Michał Cichocki
(godchild of Marshal Joseph Poniatowski),
son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).

Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, married named above:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.

Parents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
August Jacek Hieronim Broel-Plater / August Hiacynt 1745-1803 and Anna Beydo-Rzewuska 1761-1800.
Józef Krzysztof Donat Broel Plater b. 1796 in Krasław, died 1852 in Wilno, m.
Antonina Pereświt-Soltan (1800-1871) or
she married to Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater who was sentenced to settlement in Smolensk, where he lived with his family to 1846.
In Smolensk he has established a contact with Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski. After 1846 he returned to Kombula, in 1847 was elected assessor of the Criminal Chamber of the Novgorod province. Writer under nick-name Joseph Płaskoziemski in 1846, gave his own theory of light, heat and electricity, but not supported by experiences in the mid-nineteenth century. He was also the author of the short history and geography of Livonia; died in 1852 in Vilnius, was buried in Krasław.
He was married from 1819 to Antonina Pereświt-Soltan (1800-1871) and had 14 children.

I emphasizes once again on

Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852, writer, born 1796 - Kraslaw, died in 1852 - Wilno, married in 1819 to Antonina Soltan 1800-1871, daughter of Benedykt Soltan b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska b. 1770,
with children:
Ludwika 1821-1897, Eugeni Joachim Herkulan born 1826, August Joachim 1830, Wilhelm Joachim Kazimierz Plater 1830-1856, Kazimierz Konrad 1830-1863,
Michal Hieronim Joachim 1834-1924 m. 1st to Aniela Felkerzamb 1825-1884 and 2nd to Gabriela Jaraczewska 1860-1935 with children:
Maria Anna Apolonia Broel-Plater 1894-1948 + Stanislaw Maria Jan Römer 1892-1965, Ludwika b. 1895 + Sigvalt Ankarhall 1894, Leon Broel-Plater 1897-1980 + Maria Drucka-Lubecka 1895-1987;
and last son Leon Joachim Blazej Broel-Plater 1836-1863 - member of the January Uprising in 1863.
The great-grandparents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
1. Jan Ludwik Plater born in 1686 or 1690-1736
(son of Jan Andrzej Henryk Plater and Ludwika Maria von Grothuss; husband of Rozalia Brzostowska; father of Konstancja; Konstanty Ludwik and Józefa; brother of Fabian Ksawery Broel-Plater; Aleksander Konstanty; Izabela Borch and Anna Sybilla von Syberg / Zyberk),
2. Józef Tadeusz Oginski
(1693 - 1736, son of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski and Eleonora; husband of Anna; father of Augustyna Plater; Katarzyna Przezdziecka; Michal Kazimierz Oginski; Elzbieta Wielhorska and Genowefa Brzostowska; brother of Marcibela Zawisza-Kiezgajlo and Helena Oginska)
3. Waclaw Beydo-Rzewuski b. 1705 / 1706 - d. 1779;
4. Michal Kazimierz Radziwill
(Prince Michal Kazimierz Radziwill born in 1702, Olyka and died in 1762, nick-name Rybenko, owner of Biržai, Dubingiai, Slutsk, Kopyla and Shumsk. He was Court Marshal of Lithuania since 1734, Field and Grand Commander-in-Chief of Lithuania and in 1725 in Biala Krynica he married Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka, 2nd time married Anna Luiza Mycielska in 1754 in Lviv. His lover was Maria Karolina Sobieska, grand daughter of John III Sobieski);
5. Rozalia Brzostowska 1690-1746;
6. Anna Wisniowiecka 1695-1732;
7. Anna Lubomirska
(1717 - died 1763, m. in 1732 to Waclaw Rzewuski of Cracow, the Grand Commander-in-Chief of Poland, 1706 - 1779);
8. Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753.
Grandparents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
1. Konstanty Ludwik Plater 1722-1778,
2. Augusta Oginska 1724-1791,
3. Stanislaw Ferdynand Beydo-Rzewuski 1737-1786,
4. Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.
Parents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852: August Jacek Hieronim Broel-Plater / August Hiacynt 1745-1803 and Anna Beydo-Rzewuska 1761-1800.
Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater studied in Kroże (the Rossienie county) in Żmudz / Samogitia, then in 1815 studied at the Wilno Univ.; he was heir of Kombula / Kombul and Kazanów in Livonia / the Polish Inflanty, also Sickeln and Rozaliszki in Courland. He was elected nobility Speaker of the Rzeżyce / Rezekne county in Livonia;
after the November Uprising 1831 was persecuted by the Russian authorities as a relative of participants of the uprising: Emilia Plater and Cezary Plater.
Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater was sentenced to settlement in Smolensk, where he lived with his family to 1846. In Smolensk he has established a contact with Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski. After 1846 he returned to Kombula, in 1847 was elected assessor of the Criminal Chamber of the Novgorod province.
Writer under nick-name Joseph Płaskoziemski in 1846, gave his own theory of light, heat and electricity, but not supported by experiences in the mid-nineteenth century.
He was also the author of the short history and geography of Livonia; died in 1852 in Vilnius, was buried in Krasław.
He was married from 1819 to Antonina Pereświt-Soltan (1800-1871) and had 14 children - I am writing again:
Louise (1821-1897), Helen (b. 1825), twins Stefania (b. 1830) and Józefa (1830-1887) heiress of the Kombula estate,
Cecilia (1839-1864), a nun in Chelmno at Pomerania,
and the sons:
August (1822-1861),
William / Wilhelm (1824-1856) the president of the court in Dyneburg / Daugavpils, the heir of Kazanów;
Kazimierz (1829-1863),
Eugeniusz / Eugene (1826-1916) owner of Żubry;
Michal / Michael (1834- 1924) the heir of Kombula;
Leon
(Leon Plater b. ca 1836, d. on May 28 / June 9, 1863 in Daugavpils, Earl, a participant of the January Uprising in 1863. Shot at the Dyneburg fortress because of a successful attack on the transport of weapons on 25 May 1863, after which, was captured - protecting the actual organizer and commander Zygmunt Bujnicki - buried in the place of execution but the body was dug and transported to another location in a unknown place).

Note:

Antonina Pereświt-Soltan (1800-1871) was daughter of Benedykt Soltan b. ca 1770 and Jozefa Benislawska
(Jozefa had also son Władysław Józef Sołtan 1795 - 1843 + Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 with daughter
Oktawia Sołtan 1830 - 1871 + Władysław Hieronim Samuel Sołtan 1824-1900);
Antonina was granddaughter of Piotr Sołtan + Przyborowska + Kopeć + Szostakowska;
the great-granddaughter of Jan who was son of Samuel Soltan;
Samuel was son of Jan Sołtan + Aleksandra Boreysza.

Note at margin on the Jundzill family:

a.
Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodźko / Александр Ходзько / Аляксандар Ходзька, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia. Son of the writer Jan Chodzko; from 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom.
In 1847 he married in Lausanne to Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland; she was the granddaughter of Mikołaj Michał Cichocki (godchild of Marshal Joseph Poniatowski), son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).

Michał Mikołaj Cichocki / Michael Nicholas Cichocki (b. 1770 in Warsaw, died 1828 in Warsaw), Brigadier General of the Duchy of Warsaw; graduated from the Corps of Cadets, the captain, took part in the 1792 war with Russia. He died suddenly. He was a member of the Masonic lodge 'Slavic Unity'.

Above Magdalena Agnieszka Sapieżyna (1739 - 1780), was daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski.

Above Marianna Iwanska + Stanisław August Antoni Poniatowski had child Michał Mikołaj Cichocki, General, 1770 Warsaw - 1828 Warsaw; Parents: Stanisław August Poniatowski 1732 Wołczyn - 1798 in Petersburg; Marianna Iwańska about 1740 - after 1770.

b.
Note on Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł / Jundzill Dunin and his daughters:

1. Albertyna Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1836 - 1863;

2. Maria Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1827 - 1858;

3. Helena Chodźko nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1822 - 1886 in Paris.

See also about Konstantynowicz, Poniatowski King of Poland, Sulkowski, Venture, Breguet, Bizet, Maleszewski.

At geni.com:
Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł 1790 - 1862, son of Franciszek Dunin-Jundziłł and Teresa Burzyńska, husband of Teresa Karolina;

father of Teresa Wiktoria Daszkiewicz; Helena Chodźko; Emilia Dunin-Jundziłł; Maria Sołtan; Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł;
Karol Dunin-Jundziłł;
Konstancja; Albertyna Sołtan.

Helena Chodźko was wife of Aleksander Chodźko Sr., and she was mother of Adam Chodzko; Victor Chodzko; Alexandre / Aleksander Chodzko.

Maria Soltan was mother of Emilia Korsak; Helena Sołtan; Wiktor Władysław Sołtan; Adam Sołtan, and Stanisław Sołtan. Under copyright by Leszek Mila.
c.
Some on above named
Karol Dunin Jundzill (1826-1855):
1. great-grandparents:
Tadeusz Dunin-Jundziłł of Grodno 1720-1771; Tadeusz Burzyński 1730-1773; Stanisław August Antoni II Poniatowski 1732-1798; Ignacy Jakub Bachmiński 1740-1794; Aniela Cygemberg-Zaleska b. 1730; Józefa Broel-Plater 1720-1778; Agnieszka Magdalena Anna Lubomirska 1739-1780 or after 1784
(1st married at the age of 16; we have inf. that Agnieszka 2nd married to Stanislaw II August Poniatowski in 1784, and they had one daughter Konstancja Szwan Poniatowska; Konstancja b. 1768 - d. 1844 in Dolsk, the Śrem County, was daughter of Agnieszka Magdalena Anna Sapieha; wife of Karol Szwan, and mother of Kazimierz Szwan + Julianna Barbara Elżbieta Szpilman b. circa 1796);
Ludwika Józefa Jórska of Jurzec b. 1740;
2. grandparents:
Franciszek Dunin-Jundziłł 1750-1818; Teresa Burzyńska b. 1764; Michał Cichocki, 1770-1828; Emilianna Bachmińska 1768-1844;
3. parents:
Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł 1790-1862; Teresa Karolina Cichocka 1799-1858.

d.
Magdalena Agnieszka Sapieżyna / Magdalena Agnieszka Maria Poniatowski / Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska that is Maria Iwańska + Stanislas II Antoine Auguste Poniatowski de Pologne; she was born 1739, d. 1780, her parents:
Anthony Benedict Lubomirski / Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and Anna Zofia / Anna Sophia Ożarowska - the daughter of George Ozarowski. Sister of George Martin Lubomirski.
In 1756 she remarried by Alexander Michael Sapieha. From this marriage were born two sons and four daughters. Names of children are: Kazimierz, Anna Teofila, Karolina, Franciszek, Marianna Katarzyna, and Emilia.
Her all children:
Konstancja Żwan, Michał Cichocki (with Stanisław August Poniatowski), and mentioned Kazimierz, Anna Teofila, Karolina, Franciszek, Marianna Katarzyna and Emilia (with above Aleksander Michał Sapieha).
Meanwhile, the Princess Agnes Lubomirski Sapieżyna approached the king of Poland, giving birth to another man; with Sapieha was above five children (!) during the first five years of married life; the first husband, her next of kin Lubomirski, was 35 years older, and soon died. At the age of 23 began approchement with the king, gave birth of two children, Michal / Michael and Konstancja / Constance, but Prince Sapieha did not recognize them, by giving the name "Cichoccy" (formally as children of Jan / John Cichocki, and his wife Marianna Iwańska).
Above Michał Mikołaj Cichocki / Michal Cichocki, son of the king and the Duchess, was born in 1770, in 1813 become a General. He left numerous children (maternal branch).
He was father of Teresa Karolina Dunin-Jundziłł. She was born 1799 and died in 1858 in Switzerland; her mother was Emilia Katarzyna Abramowicz;
Teresa Karolina Dunin-Jundziłł was wife of Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł, and mother of Teresa Wiktoria Daszkiewicz; Helena Chodźko; Emilia; Maria Sołtan; Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł; Karol Dunin-Jundziłł; Konstancja; and Albertyna Sołtan.
About Constance wrote Dr. Czeppe:
son, Michal Cichocki was born in the autumn of 1770. In 1768 was a daughter Constance, bearing the names of Rużycka, Peters, and Cichocka. She lived at home in Warsaw of merchants Peter and Dorothy Peters.
Constance, married (and divorced) Szwan / Shvanov aka Zwanow. See Polish Biographical Dictionary, Vol. XXXV, pp. 170-171.
1844 in Dolsk, the parish Turzysk in Volyn / Volhynia, Konstancja Ciechocka Żwanowa died, left a son Kazimierz Zwan, the grandson of the king Poniatowski.
Kazimierz Zwan died in Warsaw in 1858, was colonel of the former Polish Army; born in the Volyn province in Mikitycze; Constantine Koehler, stepson;
in 1854 Zwan was living in Warsaw at a palace, owned by Joseph Dyzmański, previously owned by the sister of King, Izabella Poniatowski Branicka; next of kin was Julia Spilman.
Karol Szwan was married to Constance Cichocka (she aged 15 ?!) on January 19, 1783 in Warsaw; she divorced above Karol / Charles. At the cemetery Powazki in Warsaw: KAZIMIERZ ŻWAN, colonel, died 1858; close to him buried is JULJA 1st KOEHLER, 2nd ŻWAN, d. 1875; divorced (in 1825), Kohler had four children, including probably the last born shortly before the divorce.
But we know Julia Köhler m. in 1836 to Dobrski Julian, a noble and at the same time a singer; the youngest of their children, Helen, married Charles Wolanski, landowner in Podole;
on the other hand about Julianna nee Spillman / Szpilman, 1st married to Köhler / Kochler, 2nd to Szwan / Żwan; she was daughter of Franciszek and Małgorzata nee Rogowski; Franciszek Spillman died in 1840 in Warsaw.
Konstancja Salomea Gładkowska born 1810, in Warsaw, was the daughter of Andrzej b. ca 1763, and Salomea Woelke aka Wilkin (1786 - after 1833); her father was manager of the house;
the godmother was Constance / Konstancja Cichocki Żwan, illegitimate daughter of King Stanislaw August. Gladkowska studied singing at the Warsaw Conservatory, under the direction of Carl Soliva. 1829 during the concert she met Frederic Chopin
- lasted one and a half year and turned into a youthful fascination with Frederick. Konstancja married Grabowski and has left five children, of whom we know Sophia-Valentina married
Antoni Karpinski - Anthony led the Branickis company near Kiev and traded wheat in Odessa.
Under copyright by Mysłakowski and Andrzej Sikorski in 2007.
Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, 1732 - 1798 in Saint Petersburg, was son of Stanisław Poniatowski and Konstancja Zofia; father of Izabela Sobolewska; Michał Grabowski; Stanisław I Grabowski; Konstancja Grabowska; Petrovna Romanov Grand Duchess of Russia; Anna Poniatowski; Michał Mikołaj Cichocki and Konstancja Szwan.
King was brother of Kazimierz Jakub Poniatowski; Franciszek Poniatowski; Aleksander Poniatowski; Ludwika Maria Zamojska; Izabela Antonina Mokronowska Branicka; Andrzej Poniatowski, and Michał Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski. Inf. by Andrzej Hennel in 2014.
Above Petrovna Romanov Grand Duchess of Russia / Анна Петровна Romanov, 1757 Petersburg - 1759; daughter of Stanisław II August Poniatowski, King of Poland and Catherine II the Great, Empress of All Russia; she was sister of Anna Poniatowski.
The brother of above named King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, was
Michał Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski 1736 in Gdańsk - 1794 in Warsaw; son of Stanisław Poniatowski; father of Piotr Paweł Jan Maleszewski.

e.
Wiktor Jundziłł (1790-1862 Switzerland) was the landlord of Brzostowica / Bieriestovica to 1858;
village at present is close to the Belarus-Poland border;
in 1750, the estate bought Tadeusz Dunin-Jundziłł (1720-1771), chamberlain, and then the marshal of the nobility of Grodno district, married for the first time with Franciszka Lazow / Francoise Łazówna, and the second time with Aniela Zaleska;
a palace began to build Tadeusz Dunin-Jundziłł, finished his son from his second marriage, Franciszek Dunin Jundzill;
Francis (1750-1818), married to Teresa Burzyńska (1764-?) - like his father was chamberlain of Grodno, holder of the title of Count granted to him in 1798 by the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm III;
after Francis Dunin-Jundzill, Brzostowica was inherited by his son, Victor (1790-1862). In 1818 he married Teresa Cichocka (1799-1858), (acc. to dworypogranicza.pl/) Polish army general's daughter, Michal Cichocki and she had twelve children. Victor took part in the November Uprising, and after he emigrated to Switzerland. Tsarist authorities for their participation in the uprising confiscated this property but
Catherine Emilia Cichocka with her third husband, Michal Abramow / Michael Abramov, bought Brzostowica, and he took on education the eldest daughter of Victor, Maria Jundziłł. Then he gave her to marry Stanislaw Soltan (1822-1897), a graduate of the University of Dorpat, owner assets situated in the district of Wiłkomierz; he was the son of Stanislaw Soltan (1758-1836), a court marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and his second wife, Konstancja Toplicka / Constantine Toplicki;
after the wedding, Stanislaw Soltan sold his lands and settled in Brzostowica Murowana. Maria nee Jundziłł, Sołtan (she died in 1858) gave birth to two daughters and four sons.
After the death of Maria / Mary, above Stanislaw / Stanislaus Soltan married to her sister, Albertyna / Albertine (1836-1863).
Due to the illness of his wife, he did not take part in the armed uprising of January 1863, but he supported them financially; he was exiled in 1864 to Tobolsk, and he could return to Brzostowica after 10 years.
In 1896 he moved to the province of Vitebsk, to the estate Anińsk, of his daughter, Emilia, married to Bronislaw Korsak. Stanislaw Soltan died in Anińsk in 1897, and Brzostowica was taken by his only son from his second marriage, Bogdan Wiktor Soltan / Bohdan Victor (1861-1912), graduated from the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Riga, counselor of the Society of the Earth Credit in the Polish Kingdom. Married to his next of kin, Maria Franciszka Sołtan / Mary Francis Sołtan (1863-1926), with six children: three daughters and three sons.
Another lord of Brzostowica Murowana was the second son of Viktor Bogdan, Bohdan Joseph (1893-1960), married with Anna Nartowski (1898-1970); he was the last owner of the property.

Wiktor Jundziłł (1790-1862 Switzerland) was a Polish nobleman, married the grand-daughter of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski - Teresa Karolina nee Cichocka / Teresa Cichocka
(in 1818 he married Teresa Cichocka 1799-1858, sometimes is mistake: Polish army general's daughter, Michal Cichocki and she had twelve children).

Remember!
Agnieszka Magdalena Anna Lubomirska 1739-1780, daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski 1718-1761;
her children:
1. Konstancja Cichocka 1768-1844 m. Karol Szwan b. 1750 with child:
a. Kazimierz Żwan 1793-1858 m. Julianna Barbara Elżbieta Szpilman 1780-1875;
2.
Michał Cichocki, General in 1827, 1770-1828;
m. 1st to Emilianna Bachmińska 1768-1844 with child
Teresa Karolina Cichocka 1799-1858 m.
Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł 1790-1862;
m. 2nd to Józefa Brzozowska 1801-1853.

The well-known activist of Polish emigration, acting in Switzerland, a close friend of Adam Mickiewicz.
He was a supporter of the religious sect of Andrzej Towiański 'The matter of God' / 'The issue of God'. In 1834 the Russian Government has been confiscated his property; in 1836 he obtained Swiss citizenship and moved to Freiburg first, then to Lausanne, where he bought a property called "Campagne Lithuania".
Jundziłł had ten children and lived in the same house in Lausanne with Adam Mickiewicz.
Jundziłł for a short time sympathized with Towianski (Mickiewicz acted); Jundziłł frequently gave cash and favors to Mickiewicz.
Sometimes he supported immigrants who settled in Lausanne; Mickiewicz after his return to Paris, continue contacts and correspondence with Jundziłł.
Wiktor Dunin-Jundzill was living in Switzerland since 1831; his children:
Adam Dunin-Jundzill;
Magdalena nee Dunin-Jundzill (Magdalena married to Alois Tachet-de-Combes / Aloizy Tachet de Comtes);
Zofia; Konstancja; Karol; Emilia;
Wiktor Dunin-Jundzill (Wiktor born 1832, married to Adela nee de Reiff {Adela de Reiff born 1840, died 1892} and 2nd time to Maria de Reiff; died 1875);
Maria;
Teresa nee Dunin-Jundzill (Teresa born 1830, married to Ryszard Daszkiewicz; died 1909);
Helena.

f.

Under copyright by Site Genealogique et Heraldique du Canton de Fribourg, by Thierry Hürliberger, Ada Romer-Wysocka of Paris in 2004, and Gerard Troisvires at http://www.diesbach.com/sghcf/j/jundzill.html:

Count Victor Pierre Thadee DUNIN de JUNDZILL, in Fribourg in 1836, b. 1790 in Poland, a member of the 'Cercle de la Grande Societe de Fribourg' in 1859; m. Therese Caroline Rosalie CICHOCKA, nickname LICHOCKA, b. 1799, d. in Lausanne in 1858;
children:
1. Emilie, b. in Poland in 1819, d. Lausanne 1845.
2. Helene JUNDZILL, lived in Fribourg, b. Dresden in 1822, d. in Paris in 1886, m. in Lausanne in 1847 to Alexandre Edmond BOREJKO - CHODZKO, b. in Lituanie in 1802, d. in Noisy-le-Sec in 1892, with children:
Adam, Victor-Jean-Adam, Alexandre, Marie and Therese.
3. Constance, b. in Poland, in 1823, d. St-Julien in 1902.
4. Charles (Karol) / Charles de Jundzill, b. Dresden in 1826, d. in Paris 1855, studied at the l'Ecole Polytechnique de Paris in 1844, professor, poet, near by Auguste Comte; member of the la Societe Positiviste (1848-1855);
5. Marie, b. in Poland in 1827, d. 1858, m. Stanislas SOLTAN.
6. Adam, b. 1828, d. in Hyeres, France, engineer;
7. Therese, b. in Poland in 1830, d. Geneve 1909, m. to Ryszard KORYBUT - DASZKIEWICZ, with Therese Tina, and Dymitr.
8. Victor.
9. Sophie, b. in Lausanne in 1833, d. Rome 1891.
10. Antoinette, b. Lausanne 1835, d. Warsaw in 1870.
11. Albertine, b. 1836, d. Poland in 1863, m. Stanislas SOLTAN / Stanislaw Soltan.
12. Madeleine de JUNDZILL / Magadalena DUNIN-JUNDZILL, b. 1839, d. Geneve 1907 m.
Alois TACHET des COMBES, of Vaulion b. 1836, d. 1905, with children:
1. Marie Tachet des Combes, of Vaulion 1862 - 1935 m. in Villars-sur-Glane;
2. Pierre Tachet des Combes, of Vaulion b. in Thonon (France, Haute-Savoie) in 1868, d. Lausanne in 1933, lived in Villars-sur-Glane, and Morges (1909-1910), Sacre-Coeur (1910-1930), Geneve, Fribourg (1928), Geneve (1929-1932).

Above mentioned Count Victor JUNDZILL, of Villars-sur-Glane, b. Lausanne 1831, d. Pau in 1875, engineer;
m. 1st ca 1860 to Marie Louise Josette, b. Fribourg in 1835, daughter of Jacques Louis Balthazar de REYFF de LENTIGNY, from Fribourg, and Marie Anne Josephine de REYNOLD;
m. 2nd ca 1866 to Marie Adele Madeline de REYFF de LENTIGNY, b. 1840, d. in Fribourg in 1892, with
Count Charles JUNDZILL, d. Fribourg in 1884;
Stanislas, b. Fribourg in 1867, d. 1941;
Jadwiga / Hedwige, b. 1873, d. Montreal 1963;
Marie / Misia, 1869 - Gries 1902, m. Bronislas ROMER, b. in Lithuanie 1856, d. San Remo 1899, with children:
a. Mathias / Maciej, 1890, d. Warsaw 1955 m. Marie KORYBUT - DASZKIEWICZ, 1889 - 1953.
b. Bronislas / Broneck, 1891 in Powience, Russie,
c. Tadeusz Romer / Thaddee ROMER, b. in Antonosz near Kaunas in 1894, died in Montreal 1978, and acc. to Wikipedia: a secretary to Roman Dmowski in 1919, the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ambassador to Italy, Portugal, Japan (1937-1941) and the Soviet Union (1942-1943). Then he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Polish Government in Exile (1943-1944);
m. Zofia Wankowicz / Sophie WANKOWICZ, b. Poland in 1897, d. Montreal 1981.
Tadeusz Romer has the 'Medaille de Juste parmi les Nations decernee par le Memorial Yad Vashem' (1984).
d. Jadwiga / Hedwige / Jadziulka, b. Lithuanie 1897, died in Geneve 1956.


Note on Zofia Wankowicz:

Acc. to http://www.sejm-wielki.pl/:
Zofia Wańkowicz m. Tadeusz Ludwik Römer b. 1894 in Antonosz, d. 1978 in Montreal; Zofia Wańkowicz b. 1907 in Zaświatów, died Sept. 1981; her parents:
Stefan Kolumb Wańkowicz 1859-1923 and Helena Boguszewska 1868-1928.
Above Stefan Kolumb Wańkowicz was father of Jadwiga Rostworowska and Zofia Römer.
Above named Zofia Römer b. 1907 or Zofia Wankowicz born on 17 Feb. 1897 in Zaswiatow by Swislocz river, died in Montreal in Sept. 1981, daughter of Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz 1859 - 1923, and Helena Boguszewski 1868-1928;

Helena nee Boguszewski had 2 daughters:
Jadwiga Rostworowski and above
Zofia Romer;
Zofia m. two times:
1st to Tadeusz Ludwik Romer 1894 - 1978, with 3 children;
2nd to Konstanty Maria Józef / Konstanty Maria Drucki-Lubecki, 1893-1939, since 1918;
her grandfather: ?
She was mother of Gabriela Alba Taylor.
Above Gabriela Alba Taylor (Römer) b. 1931, d. 1990;
married to Charles Margrave Taylor who was born in Montreal, Canada, in 1931, the youngest of three children (one brother, one sister) to Simone Beaubien, and Walter Margrave Taylor, a partner in a Montreal structural steel factory; Catholic. 1956 Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford;
"...studies under Isaiah Berlin, a major 20th century political philosopher who helped foster understanding of the relationship of liberty and equality, and analytic philosopher G. E. M. Anscombe, whose article Modern Moral Philosophy introduced the term consequentialism and influenced the study of ethics...".
Alba Romer has five daughters: Karen, born 1958; Miriam, 1959; Wanda, 1960; Gabriela, 1962; and Gretta, 1965.

TACHET-DES-COMBES:
1. The George Combe (1788-1858) of Edinburgh; lawyer;
2. Andrew Combe, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1797 and died on 9 August 1847;
3. Henri Tachet des Combes and Marguerite de Grenaud, married 1888 she born 1863 from Alexandre Joseph Bonifort de Grenaud, Count of Saint-Christophe 1835-1888 and Gabrielle della Chiesa d. 1887;
4. Nicolas Tachet des Combes;
5. Elisabeth Marie Paule ESGONNIERE du THIBEUF, nee Bournezeau b. 1892, m. 1918, to Jean TACHET des COMBES, with:
Elisabeth TACHET des COMBES; Marie Madeleine TACHET des COMBES, m. Georges LE JARIEL des CHATELETS; Henri TACHET des COMBES.



All descendants with the Fox proper coat of arms (and probably with the Bowel(s), Three Crosses and Radwan armorial bearings, too) and with  our Konstantynowicz surname in the 17th cent. came from Michno Konstantynowicz 

region of Brest

1664 Jedrzej i.e. Andrew Konstantynowicz was the mayor of Brest and Roman  Konstantynowicz was a priest of the Greek Church in Jelna A.D. 1667 - as far as I know Jelnia i.e.  Jelna was situated about 12 km away from Scucyn 

and Mscislau

above 

in the SLONIM district

Hermogen Konstantynowicz wrote down in tribunal documents together with his neighbour Mizgier (Mizgier family lived also in Perepeczyn and Kolyszki in the Lida region A.D. 1608) in 1603, and also Michal Konstantynowicz - he signed the Olkienicka Alliance in 1698 and had Radwan coat of arms with Plavski by-name; the Arcimowicz family had also the Plavski nickname in a Braslau area, inf. of 1698 and 1763

the others of the Konstantynowicz family lived in the central  MINSK province continuously

the Babianowszczyzna village i.e. Buchta, Little Loszyca (Loszyce) in the Koroliszczewice parish - region of Siennica (the estate of Siennica was pawned and at a later date also sold by Stefan Dostojewski to duke Piotr Gorski son of Hryhory at the end of 16th cent.), Koroleszczenicze (i.e. Koroliszczewice or Karoliszczewicze at the map of 1859) and others; Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz as early as 1643 and Jan Konstantynowicz in 1698; following Jan Konstantynowicz was born in the Minsk province at the beginning of the 18th cent. and possessed here the village Buchta = Baguta at present 

and PINSK

a certain Konstantynowicz called Rokoz i.e. Pokoz in 1674 

in the province of VILNA

Jozef Konstantynowicz Master of Arts, published "Decisio controversiae juris canonici (...) in 1647 and Stefan who was a member of the municipal board of Vilna in 1665 and  information about him in 1669 and February the 06th, 1672 - in accordance with "The  Records of the Lithuanian High Court" vol. XI, p. 319 about Iwan Pott; also Symon (=  Szymon) Konstantynowicz was a deputy to the Warsaw general confederation in 1668; lady  Maryna Konstantynowicz lived in the Vilna district in 1673; Franciszek Konstantynowicz  lived in the Vilna town in 1686 and he witnessed a riot 

in PORAZAVA and Vaukavysk district

   the Konstantynowicz family with our coat of arms lived also at the Vaukavysk district in the 17th cent. in accordance with "The Town Court Records"; Porazava i.e. Porozov landed property = Porosow near Vaukavysk in 1669 

in the Paszkowszczyzna - Kuranec region

  Jan Konstantynowicz in the Asmjany ex-district 1690,  7 km north - east of Vilejka in the  17th century

In the Hrodna district

  Adam Konstantynowicz landowner near to Grodno with his neighbour Eysymont in 1646  and Bazyli Konstantynowicz who was a royal general in the Hrodna district 1664 - 1688. A  certain Teodor Drozdowicz of Jastrzebiec arms was the royal general in this district also in 1682.  

   The Ejsmont family  (= counties Eysymont or Eysimont)  owned a Cydzik farmland and they were  a neighbourhood of Konstantynowicz  house. The Eysmont house was related to Bylinski or Bilinskis family of Lodzia arms from Kleptowszczyzna and Koraziewo village in 1623. The Jurowski family or Jurauskas of Friend arms in an estate of Jurewicze also was a neighbourhood of them, and   Tolloczko house who had relationship with Dworzecki - Bohdanowicz or Dvozeckas - Bagdanavicius.  Kalenkiewicz family of   Kotwicz arms from the Jurewicze estate was related to the  Konstantynowicz noble house.  Andrzej, Marek and Konstantin /  Konstanty Konstantynowicz stayed at the Zydomlija region in space of 1630 / 1690.  

   Tolloczko i.e. Toloczko or Talackas with the Pobog diverse coat of arms according to Gajl, p. 234 and the Godziemba arms derived from Podlasie area, and for the  first time information of 1391, verified in 1800, possessed Nieprakszty in the Trakai district and Dobury in the Vilkmerge district; Toloczko noble family with Pobog arms in the Hrodna district, and for the first time information of 1619, 1632, 1648, 1672, 1674 and 1764; the Pobog diverse arms: shield - an arrow diagonally going out of horseshoe, with three feathers and crown above the shield.  

   Kalenkiewicz lived in villages: Tereszki - Zygmuntowszczyzna, Zukiewicze, Niescierowskie, Filipowskie, Jurewicze, Kotra - Kalenkiewicze, Huszczyce and  Piotrowszczyzna, too.  

In the Trakai (Troki) district

   Krzysztof Konstantynowicz was a clerk of the district in 1669

 On active service during the war against Russia 1654 - 1667 

- a certain Konstantynowicz with the Fox arms commanded a Cossack troops that occupied quarters in Krasiejewie and Iwaniki (the Pinsk district   probably) villages; these places rifled on their stay on 15 January 1665; the above Konstantynowicz commanded the Tartar troops in 1666 and  mister Fastowicz and Gasiewski (Gosiewski ) prosecuted the a.n. in the Mscislau court (the Mscislau province according to Jan Ciechanowicz

- Augustyn Konstantynowicz (died 1713) was a clerk of the Lithuanian military confederation in the Mscislau province since 1661 by  1667 according to Jan Vladyslav Poczobutt - Odlanicki (the diarist was born in Pomornoki A.D. 1640, d. 1703, memorials 1640 - 1684, supporter of the Pac family and  Vincenty Gosievski since 1659)

The Konstantynowicz ancestry lived in the 18th cent. 

1.

in the  Minsk  province 

   Koroleszczenicze (= the parish of Koreliszczewicze / Koroleszczenicze) near to Minsk and the holding Little Loszyca  next to Koroleszczenicze; we were in the Buchta estate (i.e. Bahuta at the map of 1859, Baguta or  Babianowszczyzna in the parish of Luzki that is Lushki west of Smolewicze or Smaljavicy / Smolevichi), here Jan  Konstantynowicz and his sons: Maciej, Pawel, Samuel, Bazyli, Antoni, Franciszek and  Marcin in the first half of the 18th century. 

   According to http://www.dresselgenealogy.us/XIX.htm (the Dressel / Dreszel Genealogy): in 1774 Jan  Konstantynowicz was residing in Stashynki / Starzynki / Stashynek, and he witnessed to an attempt on Jerzy Dreszel = Dressel; he was giving the names of the people involved in it: Alexander and Konstancya HORAIN WOYSKI / Harain Wojski (they have told that the duce Woronecki tries to include  Stashynek / Starzynek in the County of Koydanov / Kojdanow, SW of Minsk, and that he means to take over the estate by force from Horain Woyski).  Jan  Konstantynowicz was one of the willing to help for Dressel. His neighbours: Tadeusz Rutski / Rucki, Antoni Borowski, Jan Oskirka  Zienkiewicz, Jan Daszkiewicz and Mikolaj Downar.  

2.

near to Braslau

(or Braslaw) SE of Dyneburg; they were close to the family of Beynar - Bejnarowicz, with Novina - Zlotogolenczyk coat of arms  

3.

next Mscislau

above  

4.

near by Brzesc

 or Brest = Brest - Litovsk 

5.

at Volhynia

1729 with the "palatinus Kijoviensis" title to Bazyli Konstantynowicz but Volhynia is  outside of the Grand duchy of Lithuania; "(...) two Konstantynowicz families have been (...)  verified in (...) Podolyia (05. 12. 1841) and in Volhynia (04. 12. 1844)" according to Andrzej Bajor -  this quotation  without the Author's written permission  

6.

in the Grodno (= Hrodna) province

an information was about Jozef Konstantynowicz on 19 April 1764 and the same Jozef in 1765; besides in 1765: Antoni, Jan, Dominik, Benedykt and Leon Konstantynowicz  served their country; the Konstantynowicz families, owners of Tolloczki village in part, survived in the Hrodna area in the 18th cent. according to S. Koscialovski and they lived in parishes of Pojeziersk and Lawkowo = Lavkovo ("Antoni Tyzenhaus", volume 1, p. 646)

7.

in the Vilna (Wilno) area

Jan Konstantynowicz and Michal in 1779 (they lived in the Hrodna district, too). 1788 - Szymon Konstantynowicz deputy "a communitate" of Wilno city to the 4-years Polish Parliament. It hasn't signatures of persons with the Konstantynowicz surname from the Grand duchy of Lithuania (without   the Polish Ukraine: Podolia and Volhynia) in a documents of the Sluck Protestant Confederation of 1767 

8.

near to Perejaslav

somebody (owned Fox coat of arms according to an armorial of 1914; territory of Russia in the 18th cent., 78 km SE of  Kiev) among Cossacks in 1756 

История фамилии Константинович. Genealogy and history of the Wernadski, Modzelewski and Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia.

and somebody pro tempore in Greater Poland afterwards in  the 18th century, too. 

The Konstantynowicz family from eastern Belarus is my ancestry

1772 

this territory (MscislauSamava, near to Krycau) was  already in Russia, as the  Government of Mahileu (or Mogilev by  Dnieper, Mogiljow by Dnepr) after the 1st Partition of Poland, I am afraid.  Seventy years later on  they  partly have moved out to the  easternmost parts of the  Minsk government, to the  Berezina parish circa  

1842 

id est in the villages  BOROVINA and  MIEZONKA (the village is  situated 28 kilometres south - east  of Berazino = Beresino, Berezyna Berezina, Byerazino or Berezino).  

 Left - the German map  of 1943, NE of  Miezonka. 

The place  was the Radziwill estate to 1832 / 1842. More  information about families and villages in the Berezina parish (i.e. Berezino) and the Ihumen  district, see:    Berezyna http://www.catholic.by/port/en/dioceses/minsk-mohilev/ 

The above Meshonka: here lived Antoni Konstantynowicz - was born c. 1833 - and his son Stanislaw; the same Stanislaw  Konstantynowicz from Miezonka (i.e. Miezonki) and Anna nee Malkiewicz are foster parents of my grandfather; my  great grandmother Anna nee Malkiewicz (Malkevicius) came from the Dryssa ujezd (= the Werchnedwinsk district; the place  Asveja / Oswieja) in the Government of Vicebsk / Vitsyebsk; her ancestry was near related to the families: 

Czyzewski (from the Dzisna district), 

История фамилии Константинович. Genealogy and history of the Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Belarus. Miezonka noble locality east of the Berezyna river.

von Krey / The House of Croy / Count von Croy in 1697 entered the Russian service (i.e. the Baltic German noble Krej family from Tallinn and Livonia - http://www.almanachdegotha.org/id70.html from Polish Livonia), 

Ostrowski (derived from Piotr Ostrowski de Kaki of 1697; Kaki farm situated 16,5 km NW of Ludza / Ludsen in Polish Livonia), 

In detail on the noble Brzezinski / Bžezinskis family

1. the Brzezinski house of the Doliva coat of arms verified in Vilna on 08 November 1837; the noble Brzezinski family of Doliva arms verified  themselves in Kovno 1837, according to Uruski, vol. 2 (Franciszek son of Jan) and in Vilna 1858 (Kacper son of Kazimierz with sons of mentioned Kacper: Onufry, Jan,  Ludwik, Jozef, and also Michal son of Kazimierz); 

2. in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge that is Wilkomir) district, the Kaunas government also: Lokiany Upper and Lower in the Pagirys area = Pogiry or Pogieloze in  the Siesikai parish - 14 km W - N - W of Vilkmerge; the noble Brzezinski family of Trumpet arms in Lithuania as early as at the beginning of the 17th  cent. and derived from Jan Brzezinski and his son Franciszek and grandson Ignacy Brzezinski - verification in Kovno 1850. Jan Brzezinski / Bžezinskis was possessor of Zodziowo near by Ludsen (i.e. Ludza in Livonia) and Pudermoyze (i.e. Puderi or Pudereva according to Latvian atlas of 1931 ed. in Riga; 19 km E - N - E of Vilani and 12,5 km north - west  of  Rositten i.e. Rezekne, Latvia now), and he owned also Dyrwaniszki in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge) district. Part of the Brzezinski family emigrated from Livonia to the Austria - Hungarys Galicia after 1863  

3. Nacza Biedrzyca - Swaraszczyzna farm in the Lepel districtt, government of Vicebsk  

4. Kastyr estate i.e. Kastire, in the Dunaburg district, the Vicebsk government; it is located on the Jasa river, a tributary of the Dubna about 12,5 km  south - east of Preili and 42,5 km NE of Daugavpils (Dunaburg, Dyneburg); 750 ha,  the noble Dunaburg marshal Jozef Brzezinski lived here and next  Zaba family; Jozef Brzezinski owned also Pazemys estate (Pozejmie, Poshejmy) in the Dusetos parish, area of Antaliepte, district of Novoaleksandrovsk  (Zarasai  = Jeziorosy) - Poshejmy is located 15,5 km SW of Zarasai; the noble Brzezinski family possessed also a big Wenusow (Venusovo) estate in the  Novoaleksandrovsk district, the Kovno (Kaunas) government; Poshejmy and Venusovo are situated 39 and 38 km south - west of Daugavpils in present  Lithuania; Brzezinski family of the Swan coat of arms with Dunin nickname derived from Hieronim Brzezinski and stayed in Livonia since 1680 

5. Ssenkovo i.e. Sienkowo, Senkowo farm in the Mogilew district, 315 ha since 1882, it is located on the Lachwa river about 13 km W - N - W of  Mahileu (Mogilew

6. Zapole farm and Maniakowo in the Vilejka district, government of Vilna, about 11 km of Krajsk 

7. Podlasie territory before 1648 and the Nur area before 1704, they verified themselves in Hrodna 1852 - 1863 (the Lubicz coat of arms). 

Juszkiewicz (or Jushkievich

and Filipowicz (Pilipavicius or Pilipaitis with Pobog and Prawdzic coats of arms verified the armorial bearings in Vilna 1821: Jozef, Mateusz, Michal, Antoni, Szymon, Izydor, Benedykt and Joachim; the family  related to Kisiel or Kiselius of the Kisiel coat of arms i.e. "the Camp Tent" in the Wilno / Vilna province and to Chodasiewicz family in the Dzisna district); family of my grandfather had next of kin  Georgians. 

Bagration-Gruzinski and Mukhrani from Sakartvelo / Georgia. Troubetzkoy / Trubeckoj, Katenin, Orlov-Denissov and Martynov from Russia.

Those near and dear in the Berazino parish in the middle of the 19th cent.:

Piotrovicz from Luboszany, Karp, Zywica (Shywica), Korbut from Hrynica (Grenica), Tatur (near of kin Zbieranovski), Dzierzynski i.e. Dzerzhinskii (Dzerzhinskii - according to  "Imperial and Soviet Russia (...)", Melbourne 1986 by David Christian; named Dziershynski in the Ihumen district  related to Tumilovich = Tumilowicz family; the Dzierzynski or Derzinskis house of Sulima arms was verified in  Minsk 1819; a poorer members were administrators in the Wankowicz house; others were related to Bulhak family  and held Pietrylowicze farm in the Asmjany district in 1838, also Podgaj farm in Barysau district at the end of the  19th cent.; Edmund Dzierzynski = Dzerzhinskii of Sulima arms who was father of Feliks, verified hereditary  nobleness in Vilna on 14 June 1862), Nieciejevski (their coat of arms verified in the Minsk goverment in 1836), Milkiewicz (alone  acquaintances and that's only accidental similarity with surname of Malkiewicz), Stankiewicz (or Stankivich, among other things Antoni,  Walerian and Jan - the sons of Stepan).  

The counties Czapski family from Stankov and Przyluki leased Miezonka (only nearby villages Cereszyn i.e. Tereschin  and    Jagaszkin = Jagodka were at the map of 1859)  from 

Stefania Radziwill - Wittgenstein  (b. 1809 - died 1832

in the first half of the 19th century to c. 1840 - information of 1995 from Mr Piotr Zbieranowski.

the picture from  

http://www.berezino.com/index.html

author Siergiej Byczkovski; see also: 

http://polonia.pap.net.pl/2005/10/20051007135902.html

Curiosity: Izrael Gelfond or Aleksander Izrael Lazariewicz Helphand, Alexander Israel Helphant i.e. Alexander Parvus was born in Berezino, the Minsk government in 1867, he was revolutionary, friend of Lejb Bronstein (i.e. Lew Trocki) and acted together in Sankt Peterburg = Petersburg A.D. 1905; Parvus served for the intelligence service of imperial German Army as some write and "produced" money to Lenin.  

A photo of Miezonka at present.


We were also in the ethnic Lithuania 

we possessed in part a landed property Pileszyszki 

in the Kaunas district / the Kovno region in the 18th cent. (1766  bequeathed by lady Junowicz), here lived Maciej  Konstantynowicz; the same Maciej had brothers: Pavel / PawelSamuelBazyli, Antoni, Franciszek and  Marcin  Konstantynowicz. The brothers inherited from their parents (father Jan Konstantynowicz was born at the  beginning  of the 18th cent.) the Babianowszczyzna = Buchta estate in the Minsk province (government then) A.D. 1798;  that family verified the nobleness in Vilna A.D. 1842  

we lived in a district of RASEINIAI 

Raseiniai region i.e. Rosienie / Rossienie in the  Samaites territorythe Poszeszow estate in the middle of the  16th century. Also  in the parish of Sartyniki (or Sartininkai) in the place Komcie where stayed Jan and his son  Waclaw Konstantynowicz with Bowel (or Bowels) coat of arms, called Svarplovich i.e. nickname Szwarplowicz c.   1650 and others A.D. 1799.  In Vilna (i.e. in Wilno A.D. 1841) authorized the arms of them. To this lineage  were  related the  Konstantynowiczs with the Fox proper arms from Pileszyszki in the Kaunas (here in 1766 district; they  derived from famous Michno Konstantynowicz. Only one of the Kaunas branch was verified in  Vilna  A.D. 1910  and information about four lines of this branch were lacking   

Marijampole 

i.e. Mariampole in the Augustov government in the forties of the 19th century; two of them were the members of the Democratic Polish Society 

in Kaunas

Piotr Konstantynowicz 

also in the Trakai area 

a certain Konstantynowicz signed a manifesto of the Polish nobility on 26 July 1812 according to Czeslaw Malewski - because of Napoleon conquered Kaunas on 24/25 June and  Vilna on 28 June 

the locality Chwiedziejowszczyzna 

or Chwedziejowszczyzna in the Trakai district, the ex-parish Vysoki Dvor i.e. Aukstadvaris and at a later date other parish (Uzuguostis probably) in the 19th cent.; near to Vladipolis, Alesiskes, Beizionys, Mergiskes and Mackantiskes - 7 km east of Aukstadvaris; neighbouring families: Mackiewicz (they owned - in the Kaunas district or more truly in the Trakai district - a Klidzie farm by 1817 - from Tolloczko noble family and also frroom Jan Szteyn who came from the Butrimonys parish, and Mackiewicz family possessed also Zailgi i.e. Stecki in the Trakai district c. 1690 and here families at a later date: Krzywicki, Romansewicz, Poplawski A.D. 1757), Klidzianka and Jeleniewski

in Butrimonys 

a certain Lucius Konstantynowicz was a teacher at high school in  Butrimonys (more probable that is Butrimonys 18 km SW of Aukstadvaris in the independent Lithuania  since 1918 and unlikely Butrymance i.e. Butrimonys 14 km NE of Eisiskes in the Butrimonys parish near by  Jargance, Jundeiliszki, Kuze, Strzelce) in the thirties and forties of the 20th cent. 

we possessed the Ustron estate

in the Kaunas district (= region of Kovno) in the 19th cent. and at the  beginning of the 20th century.

The Konstantynowicz  family moved house also in the 19th century period 

Balachowicz, Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Siedych / Sedoch / Staroch-Siedoch in Russia. Tallinn, Pskov, Toropiec 1917 - 1920.

- to St Petersburg / Sankt  Peterburg in the middle of the 19th century (Michal or Michail son of Fiodor 2nd  Konstantynowicz); a good many the Konstantynowiczs acted and lived in St Petersburg in past days, among other things state activists and also a senior  military commandant   - to Minsk in the eighties of the 19th century (old Bonifacy 2nd  Konstantynowicz with his sons:  Semen Jakov and Vincenty)

- a documentation of the noble  Konstantynowicz family with the Fox coat of arms proper was being shown  in Minsk on  15  December  1802  and  A.D. 1853  in the Minsk  government 

- the Konstantynowicz family with  the Fox coat of arms in the noble  locality Nosewicze or Nosowicze  near to LIDA in the 19th century; the  village Nosewicze is situated 6 kilometres S-E-S  from Radun or Radunsk, in the parish of Radun, the  Vilna government, former district of LIDA;  
near to  villages Kieniensze, Rackuny, Mozajki,  Paszkowicze and Koszary;
 
those neighbours
families  Hryhorowicz or  Hrehorowicz,  Laskowski, Laskowicz or Leskowicz, Nossewicz or  Nosewicz, Rouba, Stecewicz, Stecki, Wincza,  Zapasnik and Zemojtel or Zomojtel 
- we were near to HRODNA in the  thirties of the 19th century (area of  Skidal / Skidel, the places Jurevicze (the  Konstantynowicz  noble family lived here till 1952, the village Jurewicze  = Jurevitshi is situated 1,2 km NW of Zuki = Shuki and 6 km E of  Obuchowicze), Zytomlja = Jitomlia at the map of 1834 and Zydomlija now, Tolloczki / Toloczki: Jozef Konstantynowicz born c. 1842 and Adam born c. 1840/45;  Ejsmonty: (i.e. Ejsymonty 4 km SW of Orechwicze =   Orechowicze and 3 km NW of Toloczki; neighbourhood:  families  LobaczewskiLukaszewic of Fox arms,  Obuchowicz and Eysymont i.e. the family  Ejsmont, Eysmont, Ejsmunt, Eisimuntas, Eisimontas, Eysmat or  Eysimont - for the first time  information in 1539 and 1585 - area of  Skidel, and in the Hrodna area 1632: a Ejsymonty  Paszewicze farm; they were persecuted here in 1863;  related to Czaykowski  (Dorota nee   Eysmont) house from  the  Trakai district in 1700, and also to Czarnecki family  (Katarzyna nee Eysmont) from the Lida district in 1728 and to  the  Lobaczewski family in  places Great Eysmonty and  Siemionowka, to  families  Hlebowicz, PoljanowskiKonstantynowicz and Balewski from  Bulewszczyzna; a  certain Eysmont or Eysimont was related to Antoni  Jelski son of Bazyli J. Jelski from Little  Eysmonty Paszewicze in 1720;  the noble Eysmont family  lived in the Kovno district - village Mimale  Panienie here lived Kazimierz  Konstantynowicz who was born c. 1850  near to Toloczki;  Orechowicze: Walenty  Konstantynowicz  was born here A.D.  1870 and his brother  Stefan - to Hrodna in the  early  eighties of the 19th  century (Adam 2nd  Konstantynowicz); and  e.g. here  in 1912  according  to "Voters List Grodno Gubernia 1912 Konstantynowicz  Wladyslaw  son of Osip  - near to  Kazlouscyna  (the  village  ButlerowszczyznaButlerovshchisna; Napoleon  Konstantynowicz lived here,  born c. 1825, colonel of the January Insurrection 1863) after the November  Insurrection, then in the thirties of the 19th century 
- also near to Svencionys / Svencionus: the places Paragiszki / Paringis, Podciejkinie, Saule / Savuliai in the Zablociszki region = "volost", that is the Zacisze estate (by the small Ejsiata river near to Ceikiniai in the Daugeliskis parish; neighbours - Seyfert family of Hebryda arms in villages Zablociszki and Anastazow) by circa 1865 and at a later date property of  Swiatecki family - information of 1886  - and to the Dryssa ujezd (i.e. in the district of  Verchnjadzvinsk or   Werchnedwinsk): villages Old  Svolna and Svolna Swolna (about here  count  Jozef  Zarako Zarakowski) in the  Vicebsk government

- the Konstantynowicz family also  moved out to the "Polish Livland"  (LATVIA today) in the parish of Malnov  (the place Malnovskoi or Malnava in the district of Ludza = Ludsen and Kowalki farm or Kowali, about half square mile; 39,5 km north - east of Vilani and 35 km NW of Karsau i.e. Karsava) in the government of Vicebsk; many Roman Catholics persons laid off from bureaus in the Vicebsk government  after 1863

Jan Konstantynowicz held a post of accountant, 

Kosma Konstantynowicz a hospital  clerk, 

Wiktor Konstantynowicz the 1st  writer 

- following Konstantynowicz  Konstantin, son of Alexandr /  Aleksander  Konstantynowicz, b. in  Riga A.D. 1869 and died in  Uzkoje estate   ("Narrowly") near by  Moscow = Moskva in 1924, he was  member of the Ufa government  office 1904 - 1917 in Baschkirische /  Bashkortostan region,  married  Wiera  Puszkin in  1894 - she was born  1871, daughter of  Anatol Puszkin  (1846 1905)  and grandchild of  Elzbieta  Zagrazski  (Russian noble house of  Zagrashskije, for  the first time  information in 1493 - 1503) and  Lev  Puszkin (b. 1805  - died in Odessa 1852,  who  was brother of famous  writer); the Uzkoje  estate that was otherwise Uzkoje  village, situated 15,5 km S-W-S of  Moscow core in  the suburbs of the capital i.e. 9 km from boundary of urban housing in 1917, and there are nowadays Litovskij bulvar Str. and Jasnogorskaja Str. near by Vitcevskij forest and also Tschertanovka river. See also inf. about the Armand family from Moscow, Lenin and Inessa Armand 1909 - 1920 and on Izabela Horodecki - Malkiewicz b. Moscow 1908, Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand, and Dyuflon / Duflon in Russia after 1892. All inf. in my domain 'konstantynowicz.info'.

- in the Estonia  province  (Wiktor Konstantynowicz the 2nd was born 1874 in Kazan (not Riga) and died 1945 in Tallinn, the  cemetery of  Hiiu-Rahu Str. at Nomme area; was  connected with Finland). Wiktor  Konstantynowicz the 2nd got married  to Alexandra nee  Staroh - Siedoh / Sedoh  (1877 - 1948  in  Tallinn) and they lived in Nomme  close to Tallinn - South of Tallinn  nowadays  - since 1918 (the Sëdoh Sedoh / Siedoh family in Rakvere, Estonia and in Tatarstan now). Victor Konstantynowicz vel Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch vel Starych Siedych (acc. to me he changed the surname because Viktor Konstantinovich has the documents named Constantine and scans of Estonian passports with the Starych Siedych surname), was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name, but mother Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka; Wiktor was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna Starych Siedych, b. 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, her father Nikolai Ivanov, mother Olga Ryabchinskaya / Riabczynski; on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nőmme Harku tn 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu in Tallinn: Victor on 19 January 1945 by Rita Tunkel / Tungel, address Apteegi 14-2 and Alexandra - 09 December 1948 by Galina Tunkel. Inf. only by Inga Ilves and http://forum.vgd.ru/. An information from a database of the White movement: Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North-Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the Estonian 4th Infantry Division; in 1917 he was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi. Daughter of Alexandra and Victor: Galina born approx. 1900 / 1902 died in Nőmme after 1968 and was married to a Latvian; she had two daughters, one married to a Latvian, another to a German (Irena?). Note: Trubetskoy or the dukes Trubecki family has Lithuanian and Russian roots from Gedimin; from Nikita Kosoy Trubecki who died 1608: Tőnu Trubetsky musician of the well-known Estonian rock group with the Polish - Estonian branch of the descendants of Nikita Yurevich Trubetskoy: by Nicholas Nikitich d. 1821, Petr Nikolaevich d. 1801, Gregory Petrovich who settled in Poland b. 1802 died 1879, by Nestor Grigoriewicz Trubecki, an international journalist, who was born and died in Poland 1840 - 1907, and by Gerasimos Nestorovich and by Gerasimovich Paul b. 1879 died 1941, a member of the Polish Socialist Party, who died in Tallinn, by Vladimir Trubetskoy, a member of the Polish Home Army born 1915 died 1997 and to Jan Trubetskoy born 1938.

- Michail  Konstantynowicz   graduated from the  Polack  Orthodox  Seminary in 1832  

- the Zapole farm (in the POLACK /  Polatsk ujezd, either the Polotsk or Polozk district, about 31 km N-W-N of Polatsk =  Polack, near to  villages Hyrlino and  Ramosze at the map of  1859) in the  government of Vicebsk; their  neighbours

Kuzarewski

Newelski

Reutt (or Reut, Reutas of Gozdawa arms, known in 1655; in the Vicebsk province 1764, they were  verified here in  1857; next of kin Rusiecki family in the Dzisna area; related to Kossakowski of Slepowron coat of arms and to Kukiel  family of Leliwa arms from Horodcewicze and Horki in the Polack = Polatsk territory c. 1737; among other things  Joanna Reut married to Michal Gano with by-name Lipski c. 1715 in the Vicebsk province - e.g. one of the Gano  family, general Stanislaw Gano acted as a chief of the  intelligence service of Polish Army 1943 - 1945; Romuald Reut - administrator of Chalopenicy estate in the Barysau district in 1812; Anna Reut (= Reutt) was related to  Bortkiewicz family with Lubicz coat of arms, c. 1865

and Weryho either dukes Veryha, Veryha Darowski according to Kojalowicz, or Veriho - Darevski /  Dareuski i.e. Verigas of Sreniawa / Szrzeniawa coat of  arms in the Vicebsk A.D. 1420 and Polack provinces,  also in Tver government in Russia; e.g. Franciszek  Veriho - Darevski (i.e. Darewski Veryha who was an officer in  Polack A.D. 1754) married Rozalia Koszyc, and next his  daughter married Tadeusz  Koziell Poklewski son of  Michal Koziell Poklewski from  Holowczyn i.e.  Haloucyn = Holovsin 17 km NE of  Bjalynicy, here  the battle had taken place between  Russians and  Swedes  in July 04th, 1708; and Benedykt  Veryha in the  Polack  province A.D. 1764; persecuted in  the Polack  and  Vicebsk districts after 1863; one of them,  Ignacy  duke VeryhoWeryho - who was born in   Jekaterynburg A.D.  1876, in exile of his parents:  Walerjan and Malwina  Veryha / Weryho, insurgents  of 1863 - was persecuted  in U.S.S.R. and died at  Solowezki Islands  in 1930;  the noble family  related  to Dauksza and  Darowski 

- they lived in BUDSLAU in the sixties of the 19th  century (Jakov  born c. 1810/1820  and his children Semen, Vikentij / Wincenty Konstantynowicz and  Malwina Mancewicz), the district of Vilejka, too; the  Mancewicz family  came among other things  from: Kiociszki,  area of  Eisiskes, the Lida  district and  Vilnius  1847/1858   - we were in the  Smolensk government as early as the beginning of  the 19th cent., thus Jewfimij Konstantynowicz  finished the Smolensk Orthodox Clerical Seminary in 1825 (together with  Czebotariev, Jeleniev, Cvietkov,  Spiridonov).  
   Also  Konstantynowicz Elena daughter of  Wasilij from the Smolensk region probably  18th cent., acc. to Shpilenko D. P. of 2006  

- Chernigov: Sophia (Zofia)  Konstantynowicz  daughter  of  Alexander  Konstantynowicz, married  to Maksimowski; Sophia was born in 1852 and died in Cernihiv = Chernigov, south of Homel in 1878; was buried near by the Cernihiv orthodox church. 

- Vilna remained the third capital of Polish culture for all 19th century long, thus here learnt also the  Konstantynowiczs: 1. Iosafat  Konstantynowicz finished the  Lithuanian Orthodox Seminary in 1830 (complete with Govorski, Novicki, Ksavery Zdanovicz), 2. Josif Konstantynowicz here also in 1859 (together with Grinievicz, Kaliskij, Druzilowski, Dedevicz, Noskovicz, Stupnicki, Paszkievicz, Pavlovicz, Bursa, Jakutovicz and others), 3. Ignatij Konstantynowicz completed study here in 1863 (others: Bursa, Ivacevicz, Doroszevski, Timinski, Devaltovski, Szirinski), 4. Konstantin (3rd) Konstantynowicz here in 1890 (+ Malygin, Szirinski, Prigodinski, Mironovicz, Savicz,  Sosnovski, Rozanovicz), 5. Vladymir  Konstantynowicz educated himself in the  Vilna Clerical Secondary School in  1913  (together with: Aristarch, Malevicz, Aleksandr Muczinski,   Toszczakov, Michail Sollohub). I have derived the data on Orthodox schools from: http://www.petergen.com/spiskie.htm

- we were in Volhynia, the Russian Empire in the 19th century. I take note of them in a certain village near to Wlodzimierz Wolynski = Vladimir in the middle of the 19th cent. (Volodymyr Volyns'ky, Ukraine now), Horodlo next to above Vladimir after c. 1863 according to my correspondent of 2004, SOKAL (Austrian Empire formerly) and near to Wisniowiec in Volhynia (Russia in 1876 and what coat of arms ?) before the first World War. Adam Konstantynowicz was born in Vladimir c. 1800/1805, officer of the November Insurrection 1831 - that's a Volhynia Branch. The Ornatowski Volhynia armorial note: "(...) Konopnicki 1839-1873, Konsowicej 1862-67, Konstantinowicz 1838 - 55 (...)", see: 

http://www.ornatowski.com/index/herbarzwolynski.htm

The Konstantynowicz  family verified noble descent in the nineteenth century 

- a documentation of the noble Konstantynowicz family with the Fox coat of arms proper was being shown in Minsk on 15  December 1802 (Stanislaw Wankowicz was the government marshal in 1802); they derived from Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz of  the Minsk province; he had 3 sons: Stefan, Hrehory Dmitr and Jozef; they owned some farmlands in the province of  Minsk and carried out positions in the first half of the seventeenth century; above Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz  received a privilege on 07 March 1643 handed over to him by the king Vladislav IV Vasa; Bonifacy 1st Konstantynowicz  (who lived in the Minsk government in 1802, according to the Minsk State Archives) derived from a.m. Mikolay. 

The Fox crest mean strategy, guile, stratagem defensive and intelligence - argued in 1997 Mr. Pavel Dudzinski in "Heraldic Alphabet" (p. 118 and plate 314).

The Fox crest is in eleven varieties according to Juliusz count Ostrovski in "Armorial Book of Polish ancestries" of 1897 ed. in Warsaw: 1st - shield and above fox, in shield: arrow upwards with two beams; 2nd - shield and above fox, in shield: golden arrow with two beams; 3rd - shield and above fox, arrow with two and half beams; 4th - three feathers instead of fox above of shield, with arrow and one beam in shield; 5th - arrow with three transversal beams upon the shield, and also three feathers above the shield; 6th - arrow with two beams on the shield, and also a duke cap with cross at the top; 7th - on the shield: horseshoe and above arrow with two beams, above of shield: crown with swan at the top; 8th - only in Poland in the thirteenth century: arrow with one beam on the shield without objects above of arms, and the arrow upwards; 9th - only shield, arrow downwards with one beam; 10th variety - of the 15th cent., shield with above helmet, and arrow diagonally downwards with two beams; 11th - variety of the 15th cent.: only shield with arrow upwards, and also two beams.
According to Tadeusz Gajl, "Noble crests of the Both Nations Republic", p. 127 and 128: seven kinds of the Fox coat of arms here and the Fox diverse arms of Liskowski family; 1. Fox (Mzura) - one arrow with two transversal rafters; 2. one golden arrow with two beams; 3. lack of image; 4. arrow with one transversal rafter and above three feathers; 5. three rafters on the arrow and three feathers; 6. a cap with cross above of shield, arrow with two beams; 7. shield and above crown with swan, in the shield: arrow with two beams and horseshoe below the arrow. The author write about the   Konstantynowicz family of Intestines, Radwan and Fox arms only. 

According to Alfred Znamierowski, "Polish regalia, symbols and arms", ed. in Warsaw 2003: discussion on a sword - p. 9; about Fox crest - p. 26 and 39: mainly double crossed "rogacina" i.e. arrows; 

- we presented to the authority in Vilna on 19 May 1842 an original of privilege edited by the king Sigismund  Augustus to Michno Konstantynowicz on 04 January 1554 who was endowed with estate in the Merecz area and set out  many of documents of the 18th cent.; persons derived from the Minsk government i.e. from Babianowszczyzna = Buchta  holding verified themselves (i.e. Baguta 15 km west of Smaljavicy, at the border of former Barysau distrtict on the Minsk district in the  19th cent.) at that time; they were in Pileszyszki in the Kovno region after 1766, too:  map of NE Poland

Jan Konstantynowicz and his  sons  Maciej, Pawel, SamuelBazyli, AntoniFranciszekMarcin and  grandsons of  the  above Jan (i.e. two sons of Maciej):  Jan  II and Michal (childless);  sons from Jan  II: Adam  (childless) and Michal  (his  sons:  Walenty  Stanislaw, KonstantyJan   Stanislaw, Jozef Andrzej and  Alfons  Onufry - they were born  by 1840)

- A.D. 1853 and 1915 when name Konstantynowicz with the initials S. B. was mentioned in the memorial book of the Minsk province - both inf. in the Minsk government (the Fox coat of arms)

- 1859 in the Vicebsk  government (the  Fox coat of arms)

- Antoni in Hrodna A.D. 1861 (Antoni son  of Dominik derived from area of Krycau, with the Fox  coat of arms)   

     The above map of 1740 from   www.clas.ufl.edu/.../history_shepherd_1911.html  i.e.  
"Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd" (shepherd-c-130-131.jpg
)  
and it show to us where the Mscislau branch and relatives lived c. 1600 - 1917 in the Both Nations Republic -
 formerly the Grand duchy of  Lithuania / Grand  Principality  of  Lithuania,  1795 dissolution of  the state but all the direct  descendants are from there: Belarus /Belorussia /White Russia /  Byelorussia  thereafter 
-    and in Russia.   

- Aleksander Konstantynowicz who came from an Ukrainian military and landowning family, he lived in the government of  Poltava (now in Ukraine), also in Kiev (Olga I. Konstantynowicz who was born 1860 in Kiev - since 1880 in Paris and USA at the beginning of the 20th cent. - his  daughter) and verified the noble descent in Kishinev in 1893. He was general - lieutenant and war governor of the Turgai (Orenburg capital  then and Arkalyk now) region in the 19th century. Next the Bessarabia governor.

His father Piotr Konstantynowicz (relation of Wlodzimierz Wernadskij) was Brigadier-General, too - Piotr was son of H. (G. ?) Konstantynowicz.

His sister Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz was the second wife (1862) of Jan Wernadskij (that is Ivan Vernadski = Ivan Vasil'evich Vernadsky who was born in  Kiev  1821, son of Vasilii; Ivan worked in Home Office 1856 - 1867, died 1884 in Sankt Peterburg = St Petersburg; her son Vladymir was born in St. Petersburg on February 28 / March 12, 1863, lived in Kharkov, where  the   family had moved when he was five and acted as a Soviet specialist in mineralogy - taught himself Ukrainian and Polish; her granddaughter married Fokin) and she worked as a music teacher in  Petersburg just before 1862

Michal or Michail - son of Fiodor 2nd Konstantynowicz - was his next of kin; Michal was born in 1812, died 1867; doctor after completion  of the Kharkov University; served in the Russian army and at a later date assistant director of the medical - military department in 1862 in  Petersburg; he wrote a lot of researches and theses - with F. Augustynowicz, Trappe, Lebiediew, too 

At margin (more http://baza.vgdru.com/):

1. Ivan Vernadsky born 24 or 26 May / 5 or June 7, New Style, 1821 in Kiev - died 26 or 27 March / 7 or 8 April on the Gregorian calendar, 1884 in St. Petersburg, father of Vladimir Vernadsky, grandfather of George Vernadsky. The first wife died in ten years after the marriage, leaving him a son, Nicholas. The second time, Ivan marries her cousin - the daughter of Ukrainian landowner Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz, teacher of music and singing.

The genealogy of above named Anna Petrowna Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich / Анна Петровна Константинович married Vernadsky / Vernadskij / Вернадская (Anna became the wife of Professor Ivan Vernadsky): b. November 11, 1837 in Kiev / Kyiv in Ukraine and died on November 7, 1898; her mother Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria / Виктория Мартыновна Константинович second voto Красницкая was born ca 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev, she was daughter of Major Russian army Martynow, her second husband - Krasnicki. Anna's father: Петр Христофорович Константинович / Piotr Konstantynowicz son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz, b. 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev, Baykove cemetery; Anna's brothers and sisters from Victoria nee Martynow:
Pawel,
Lew,
Elena,
Iwan - Jan Konstantynowicz,
Zofia - Sofija,
Wladymir,
Aleksandr,
Aleksandr second,
Elizawieta,
Piotr older,
Piotr younger.

Above Krzysztof Konstantynowicz / Christofor Konstantinovich / Hristophor Constantinovich was born 1741 (date ca 1750 / 1760 was mistaken) with the Fox coat of arms, probably came from the Mscislau / Mscislaw territory / ex-Mscislav province. Христофор Анастасійович Костянтинович died 1786.
His father Anastazy Konstantynowicz / Анастасій Костянтинович Костянтинович, son of Kostia Konstantynowicz that is Konstantyn Konstantynowicz. Анастасій Костянтинович Костянтинович born ca 1710 / 1720 and died before 1784.
Konstantyn Konstantynowicz (Kostia) born ca 1690.
The Konstantynowicz ancestry with the Fox coat of arms (1534) come from Michno Konstantynowicz of the Lida and the Mereczanka river (1552 and 1554) area on the border of Lithuania and Belarus. Konstantinovich hasn't the Cossack or the Greek origin. It was a legend only about Greek Konstantinovich Anastasius of 1784 who moved from Rumelia - Macedonia today, first to Nizhyn, and then to Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky; served to the Pereyaslav regiment in 1756. A legend was about the beginning of the Konstantynowicz family. Many said that our family (ancestry) has come from the BALKANS according to "Gutenberg Encyclopaedia" (volume 8); many said that the ancestry had got to descent from Serbian ancestor (janczar), who was Turkish soldier 1455 - 1463, who was afterwards in Poland (that is since 1470 or 1471); he has written memoirs here (1490-1516 or rather 1496 - 1501) about title "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)". A copy was in the Sapieha Archive. More inf. on the same Turkish soldier - Michal Konstantynowicz in F. Bujak, "Studia geograf.-hist.", p. 129 - 134. The main editions of "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)" in 1828 and 1912 misleaded many of our ancestors. The Kibalczyc family i.e. Kibalcicas have got a legend that tell us about an ancestor from Serbia - the family moved out to the Chernigov province in the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 17th century - the legend it's mistake, too. The Konstantynowicz family near by Perejaslav has got the Fox coat of arms. Somebody (owned Fox coat of arms according to an armorial of 1914; territory of Russia in the 18th cent., 78 km SE of Kiev) among Cossacks in 1756 in Pereyaslav. Anastazy Konstantynowicz (born ca 1710 / 1720 - d. before 1784) probably escaped from Poland to Russia before 1756 (ca 1740) and after he was a Commissioner Regiment (1759-60) among Cossacks. His son Christopher Anastasiyovych Konstantynowicz (1741-86) served to the first regiment of Pereyaslav and was centurion (1770-81), grandson Peter Hristoforovich (1785-1850) was Major General (1848), commander of Kyiv. artyler. Garrison (1836-48) and greatgrandson Alexander P. Jr. (1832-1903) was Lieutenant General (1889) and the Governor of the Turgay region (1878-83), Bessarabian governor (1883-99). This ancestry submitted to the 2nd and 3rd parts of the nobility book of Kiev province in Russia.
Source: 'The Armorial of Little Russia. ... Chernigov Governorate' ('Малоросійський гербовник. Чернігівський орел'), В. К. Лукомскїй, В. Л. Модзалевскїй (and Heorhiy Narbut), Санкт-Петербургъ: изданїε Черниговскаго дворѧнства, 1914. В. К. Лукомский, В. Л. Модзалевский, худ. Г. И. Нарбут, Малороссийский гербовник. Предисловие А. К. Рачинского.

Петр Христофорович Константинович / Peter Hristoforovich Konstantinovich b. 1785, was Major General of the Russian army 1848. Grandfather of historian George Vernadsky. Peter Hristoforovich was a soldier to 1849. General Konstantinovich had 13 children, five of them died infants. Some of the children were also military. The greatest success in this field has achieved son Alexander Konstantynowicz. Peter / Piotr Konstantynowicz participated in many military campaigns of the Russian army: in 1812 near Smolensk and the Battle of Borodino. From 1836 he was commander of the Kiev garrison artillery. 1838 taken a possession in the Pereyaslavl county of the Kiev province.

Vernadsky Ivan was a teacher of Russian literature in high school; in 1847, in St. Petersburg, Ivan V. defended a master's degree thesis; after at the University of St. Vladimir; in 1850 he was transferred to the same department in Moscow University and was here from
1851 until 1856 as full professor; in the village Giant Shishaki in Poltava government Vernadsky had got a mansion, where all the family was living in summer. 

2. Константинович / Konstantynowicz / Konstantinowicz / Konstantinovich Anna Petrovna was a daughter of Brigadier-General Piotr H. Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz / Константинович (b. ca 1785) and was the second wife of Ivan Vasilyevich Vernadsky. Anna Petrovna, nee Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz / Константинович born 1837 - died 1898.  H. Konstantinovich that is Христофорович, son of Christofor / Hristofor Konstantinovich that is Krzysztof Konstantynowicz (here was error: Henryk, Gawrila, Havrila) born 1741.

3. Her brother, Ivan Petrovich Konstantynowicz / Jan son of Piotr Konstantynowicz b. 1818 died 1877, a professional Navy officer, after a cadet school - 1834 he achieved Captain 1st Rank in 1868, in 1875 he served in the Caucasian Army, died in Tiflis. Owned estates in the province of Poltava, the Pereyaslavl County, Voitovtsy village.
4. His daughter,
Alexandra Ivanovna Konstantynowicz born 1848 and died after 1912, was wife of L. N. Modzalevsky.
5. Another daughter Victoria Ivanovna Konstantynowicz / Константинович 1846 died 1899 or 1900; in 1867, she married M. P. Rehbinder, and after second husband O. E. Weimar

6. Sister of Ivan Petrovich, Elizabeth Konstantynowicz / Константинович married Mr Neyolov / Nieelov 1824 - 1889.
7. her daughter Lydia A. Neyolov, who died at a old age in Kiev during the German occupation in 1941 / 1942. 

8. Another sister Helena Petrovna Konstantynowicz / Константинович with her husband Kravchenko who was born 1831 and he was died no earlier than 1909, married to Kravchenko in 1859, lived in Piryatin

9. His brother Alexander Petrovich Konstantynowicz / Константинович. Константинович Александр Петрович was General-lieutenant, General-Governor of Bessarabia in Kishiniev 30 July 1883 to 4 July 1899. The Rogge noble family was close friends with the family Konstantinovich and Ippolit Rogge / Hippolytus born March 2, 1853 in Kerch, colonel in 1909, was baptized March 7, 1853 in St. John Church of Kerch; godfather - Lieutenant Adjutant Ivan Konstantinovich / Jan Konstantynowicz son of Piotr Konstantynowicz from Kercz / Kerch. All - Orthodox. A General List of noble families of Bessarabia includes the name of the Konstantynowicz Alexander in 1893 from the Poltava province. 

10. Ivan Vernadsky b. 1821 was a grandson of Ivan Nikiforovich Vernadsky (b. ca 1770), which was recorded in the local book of the Chernigov governorship as a gentleman, graduated from the Kiev seminary, was a priest of the village Tserkovschina.
11. Ivan Vernadsky b. 1821 was a son of a doctor Vasil or Basil Ivanovich Vernadsky and his wife Ekaterina Yakovlevna; in 1856 - 1867 worked at the Ministry of Internal Affairs; professor of Main Pedagogical Institute 1857 - 1859, St. Petersburg Institute of Technology 1864 - 1868, professor of political economy at Kiev and Moscow universtities and moved to Kharkov, where he served as manager of the Kharkiv office of the State Bank until his resignation in 1876.
12. His first wife Maria Shigaevo 1831-1860.
13. His second wife, Anna Petrovna, nee Konstantinovich / Константинович / Konstantynowicz 1837 - 1898.
14. Children: Nicholas 1851 (by first wife) - 1874; Olga - her grandson, Rynda Alekseev Dmitry Borisovich b. 1917 - 1941 ?, a student at the Leningrad Textile Institute, in July 1941, was missing; Catherine was married to Korolenko; Vladimir 1863 - 1945, his granddaughter was married to Fokin, Anatoly Mikhailovich 1892 - 1979. 

15. Modzalevsky Leo / Lev 1837 - 1896, the teacher, a graduate of History and Philology of St. Petersburg University. He worked in the schools of St. Petersburg and Tiflis / Tbilisi, the author of many works on pedagogy. His wife Alexandra Ivanovna nee Konstantynowicz / Константинович was born 1848. 

16. Mikhail P. Rehbinder, he studied at the St. Petersburg School of Jurisprudence and worked at the Law Faculty of the University; he lived in an estate Lyadno in the Novgorod province; he was trying to create together with peasants agricultural co-operative in his estate in the Novgorod province; he left his family and went to the USA in 1909; his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz / Константинович, daughter of Ivan / Jan Konstantynowicz; her son Alexander died d. 1906. 

17. Weimar Orest E., b. 1845 died 1885, prominent physician in St. Petersburg, the owner of orthopedic clinics; populist, organized the escape of Kropotkin from prison in 1876 acc. to 'Notes of a revolutionary' by Kropotkin; he was arrested in 1879 and sentenced to 15 years in prison; it was the Russian-Turkish war period and this prison shortened to 10 years; he died in prison at Kara; his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz daughter of Jan / Ivan Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz - she was b. 1846 and died in 1899 / 1900. 

18. Kravchenko Ivan Ilyich 1829-1890, a assessor in 1867, lived and died in Piryatin in the Poltava area; his wife Helena Petrovna Konstantynowicz daughter of Piotr Konstantynowicz, she was born 1831 and died no earlier than 1909; her son - probably not only one - Sergey. 

19. Alexander Konstantynowicz son of Piotr / Petr,  born 1832 died 1903, was a professional soldier, in service since 1846, an artilleryman; the Colonel in 1867, Major-General in 1877, Lieutenant-General in 1889; conquest of Khiva in 1873, in 1878 to 1883 he was the military governor of Orenburg, and Commander of Turgay region; since 1883 to 1899 - Governor of Bessarabia, since 1889 member of the Minister of the Interior; awards Anne 1st Class, Vladimir 2nd degree, the White Eagle; his wife since 1856 Ilyashenko Sophia Antonovna 1840 d. 1896. 

20. some of his children: Olga b. 1858 or 1860 and died ?, daughter of Alexander P. Konstantynowicz, in 1878 she married Andrei Ivanovich Schmidt, who served in the Orenburg district court; she emigrated to Paris and USA. Michal Konstantynowicz / Michael b. 1860 and died in 1902, he was a district marshal of the nobility in Kovno Province in 1899, his children: 
Xenia nee Konstantynowicz b. 1889, Natalia nee Konstantynowicz born 1894, 

Catherine / Katarzyna daughter of Alexander b. 1863 died in 1942, in 1885 she married P. A. Galenkovski, and after her divorce in 1905 she married L. N. Chernoyarov; her daughter from her first marriage, Elizabeth married Suprunov

Sofia nee Konstantynowicz b. 1864 died 1942, in 1886 she married E. A. Mamchich, before the Revolution she was living in Chisinau - the Kremenchug area

Natalia nee Konstantynowicz 1867 d. 1938?, in 1889, she married Jerzy Bulacel / Gregory Pavlovich Bulatsel

Constantine / Konstantyn Konstantynowicz born 1869 and died no earlier than 1917, son of Aleksander P. Konstantynowicz, in the 90s of the 19th cent. he served in the office in the Bessarabian Province, the Akkerman district, in 1904 member of the Ufa provincial office on Peasant Affairs, he had property - land in the Sterlitamak county of the Ufa province (all inf. about Konstantyn Konstantynowicz need to be check). 

21. Ilyashenko Sophia Antonovna b. 1840 d. 1896, was daughter of a captain; her husband since 1856 was Alexander P. Konstantynowicz 1832-1903. 

22. Mamchich Eugene A. / Eugeniusz Mamczicz 1849 died 1917?, state councilor in 1908, not later than 1905, was elected to a honorary magistrate in Kremenchug county in the Poltava province

23. Bulacel / Bulatsel Jerzy / Grigory P., died in 1908, in 1899 the Chairman of the Vilnius Regional Court; his wife Natalia Konstantynowicz 1867 - 1938? 

24. Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky born February 28 / March 12, 1863 in St. Petersburg and died January 6, 1945 in Moscow, from the nobility, he was Russian scientist and encyclopedist, humanist, an expert in the field of Earth Sciences, philosopher and social activist, the member of the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Sciences, first president of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
Once in October 1905, the Board of the University of Moscow, headed by Professor Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (Vernadsky's mother was from the Konstantynowiczs of the Fox coat of arms) admitted women to listening of lectures, and Inessa Armand has made payment and went to law school. In June 1907, Comrade Inessa confirmed the intention to be student, but instead of studying at university she had to go for exile with Vladimir Armand. In late October 1908 she managed to escape.
We back to Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky: his mother, Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz (1837 - 1898), father - Ivan Vernadsky (1821 - 1884), professor of political economy.
Letters by V. Vernadsky published in 2003 by Russian. In 1928 Vernadsky was at the University in Prague, 1928 on trip to Germany and Norway, research work in Germany, France, the Netherlands and Czechoslovakia, 1933 / 1934 Vernadsky was on a business trip to France, England and Czechoslovakia.
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky in 1886 married Natalya Staritskaya (1862 - 1943), with whom he lived for more than 56 years; had two children - son Jerzy / George V. Vernadsky (1887 - 1973), professor of Russian history (lived in Perm; after in exile in Czechoslovakia and USA, since 1927 prof. Yale Univ.), the daughter Nina Vernadskaya - Toll (1898 - 1985 or 1986), a psychiatrist, both died in exile in the United States.
Nina Vernadskaya Toll / Nina V. Toll-Vernadskaya was second wife of Toll Nikolai Petrovich / Nicholas P., an orientalist archaeologist and art historian. His first marriage to Olga Petrovna Toll nee Syromyatnikov, both Orthodox on 17 August 1917 in a garrison of Samarkand, and cancel on November 9, 1925. Toll Nikolai Petrovich (1894 - 1975), member of a volunteer army of the 1st Kuban Ice campaign, in the armed forces in the south of Russia before evacuation of the Crimea. In exile in Gallipoli, after in Czechoslovakia. On January 10, 1926 in Prague, married Nina Vladimirovna Vernadsky b. 1898, daughter of Professor V. I. Vernadsky. Since 1939 in the United States, occupied the chair of Iranian studies at Yale University.
Vernadskaya Toll Nina b. 1898, in 1922 - 1939 lived in Prague, and later the United States.
Toll Tatiana born 1929, granddaughter of Vernadsky.
Von Toll family, the noble family of Baltic Germans, had the title of baron, from Reval now Tallinn in the province of Estonia (Эстония), Russian Empire and Dorpat now Tartu.

25. See also inf. about the Armand family from Moscow, Lenin and Inessa Armand 1909 - 1920 and on Izabela Horodecki - Malkiewicz b. Moscow 1908, Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand, and Dyuflon / Duflon in Russia after 1884 / 1892. All inf. in my domain 'konstantynowicz.info'. 


A conspiracy inside the headquarters of military intelligence of the Tsarist Russia: deep political espionage (anarchists, Lenin, Marxists) and strategic technological-scientific intelligence (telegraph, radio, electricity, aircraft, engines, ignition magnetos, automatic pilots, helicopters, airships, submarines, lights, etc.).
Genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Bagration-Gruzinski, Kalinowski, Oginski, Paszkowski, Dyuflon, Staroch Siedoch, Armand, Pociej, Radziwill and Piottuch Kublicki family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia, Estonia and Belarus.

The Sedoh / Siedoh / Sedykh / Седых / Siedych family in Estonia and in Tatarstan now.

Victor Konstantynowicz vel Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch vel Starych Siedych / Sedykh (acc. to me he changed the surname because Viktor Konstantinovich has the documents named Constantine and scans of Estonian passports with the Starych Siedych surname), was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name, but mother was Mary vel Maria nee Trubecki / Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1853 (or circa 1840). Wiktor Konstantynowicz was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, her father Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, mother Olga Ryabchinskaya / Riabczynski; on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme Harku tn 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu (by the order of Nomme Small Town Council, Hiiu-Rahu Cemetery, which was established in 1919, is the smallest among the cemeteries in Tallinn) in Tallinn: Victor on 19 January 1945 by Rita Tunkel / Tungel, address Apteegi 14-2 and Alexandra - 09 December 1948 by Galina Tunkel.
Inf. by Inga Ilves (families from Odessa, Tallinn - Hiiu [Hiiu is a subdistrict / asum in the district of Nomme, Tallinn, the capital of Estonia], the town of Elva in Estonia) and 'http://forum.vgd.ru/'. There are 10 people in Estonia with the Trubetskoi / Trubetskoy (Трубецкой и Эстония) last name now, in Harjumaa. Harju County or Harjumaa / Harrien / Harria, it is situated in northern Estonia, on the south coast of the Gulf of Finland; Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is included in the county.
See also: 'genealogy.euweb.cz' acc. to Josef Zvonecka and 'http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk%3ATrubetskoy_family' "...but then the page was attacked by Polish nationalists who turned it into a mess, starting a bunch of unnecessary stubs with Polish names. They also extensively used the Trubetskoy genealogy which I had compiled and posted at 'genealogy.euweb.cz'. I am sorting this category and some of it's members have really more connection with Russia then Poland..." (?!). "Someone give a bibliographic reference for this genealogy" at 'http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trubetskoy_family'. My correspondent was writing to me in June 2012: "...The Library of Congress as well as some other world libraries own the official Troubetzkoy family genealogies. The most recent one was published in 1976 and has full information about Princess Maria and was written by a nephew. In addition, there are 3 books about the descendants of that particular branch of the family, with the latest book published in 2006".

An information from a database of the White movement:

Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty,
in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division.

- 04. 12. 1844 at Volhynia and verified the noble descent in Podolyia on 05. 12. 1841 

- 1913 in the district of Dorohobuz (verified the Fox coat of arms in Smolensk, and they stayed near to Dorogobush / Dorohobuz

- in Mahileu 

- 1799 in the Kaunas territory and Samaites in the Russian Empire (other coat of arms thereabouts). Konstantynowicz ancestry with the Bowel coat of arms had the Poszeszow estate in the Raseiniai ex-district (the Samaites territory in the independent Lietuva i.e. Litwa or Litauen, Lithuania) in the  middle of the 16th century. In Vilna (i.e. in Wilno A.D. 1841) authorized again the arms of them, and also nine generations and 57 male persons:  Jan Konstantynowicz and his son Waclaw with the nickname Szwarplowicz c. 1650 and grandsons Jan and Michal - their sons: Krzysztof and  Stanislaw; Christopher (i.e. Krzysztof) had a sons: Andrzej, Jan and Jerzy; the above named Michal had a son Stanislaw and grandson Jerzy; lived 13 persons at the end of the 18th cent. and 25 persons c. 1830: Nikodem, Jakub, Wincenty, Michal, Kasper, Teodor, Ludwik, Antoni, Kajetan  and Teofil. 

 The Konstantynowiczs with the Fox proper arms from Pileszyszki in the Kaunas (here in 1766) district were related to this lineage; they derived  from famous Michno Konstantynowicz who received the big estate from the king Sigismund Augustus on 04 January 1554; the farmland was in  the Merkine = Merecz area, beside the Niemen river (Neman or Nemunas) by the Merkys = Mereczanka river. Only one line of the Kaunas  branch  was verified in Vilna  A.D. 1910 and information about four lines of this branch were lacking 

- 1817 in the Hrodna district and at a later date they verified privilege of 1578 handed over by the king Stephen Bathory but with another armorial bearings i.e. "two swords (some documents from Sankt Petersburg Archive - disclosure to Pavel in the beginning of August 2004; "the two swords might represent the military service of two  brothers, and the star above might signify a successful military engagement", as somebody wrote in successive phase of public discussion about the noble Konstantynowicz family, that commenced on August 15th, 2004 in the  web net, but the discussion is led by strange persons from feefhs.org, not from our roots) which constitute a cross, and a star above them, and feathers of ostrich below (above, I   think) the helmet".  

I explain the problem to you (on September 10th, 2004). Two naked crossing swords without golden hilts, this is fundamental Pielesz arms:

A. priest Wojciech Wijuk Kojalowicz, "Armorial of the Grand duchy of Lithuania knights, so-called Compendium" had written on the Pielesz / Pielesh crest c. 1650,  ed.  in Cracow 1897: two swords at red field of shield and three feathers from ostrich above - plate, p. 212; it were four families with the Pielesz arms: Ielskj i.e. Jelskij - some  with cross among swords, inf. of 1620, 1632 in the Mscislau province and of 1648, Kwasnickj Golden i.e. Kvasnickij or Kwasnicki Golden ancestry derived from Moscow,  Pieleszyc house in the Vicebsk province, and also Wloszek family from Podlasie - inf. 1584

B. besides the Golocki family of the Golocki arms according to Kasper Niesiecki, vol. 4 ed. in Lipsk 1839, p. 174 - here effigy of the Golocki coat of arms, two swords on the shield, diagonally crossing with hilts upwards and a cap at the helmet - the shield is the same as  the Pielesz one; the family came from Chelmno area in Poland; estates: Goloty, Sarnov near by Grudziadz, Melno, inf. of 1651

C. moreover Golocki family also with the Pielesz diverse crest according to T. Gajl, p. 67: a cap and two feathers above crown, and beneath two swords with golden hilts  upwards in the shield

D. according to Seweryn Uruski, "Family. The Armorial of Polish nobility", vol. 13, 1916, p. 330: Pielesz family of the Pielesz arms in Lithuania, the district of Panevezys,  near by Upita in 1580, also as Pieleszyc; Pieleszyc family with the Pielesz diverse arms - sabres instead of swords in the shield; it say that is the same family what Pielesz

E. according to J. Ostrowski, p. 437 - here a plate of the Pielesz arms: two swords with hilts downwards in the shield and three feathers above crown. 

The Wloszek arms: 

A. Vloshek  / Wloszek  family according to Gajl, p. 246 - with the Pielesz diverse coat of arms, by turns from top to toe: bird above two hunting hornes, crown, shield - two  swords with golden hilts and four roses between blades; Wloszek family with own Wloszek arms: coat of arms without helmet, and in the shield two crossing swords with  golden hilts in palms and three roses between blades; the Wloszek arms come from the Pielesz crest

B. Niesiecki, vol. 9, 1842, had written about Wloszek family of the Pielesz diverse arms - they added four white roses in red field; Bielski, Paprocki and Okolovich  wrote, too.

The Wloszek arms resulted from link between the Pielesz arms and the Roses coat of arms (i.e. Poraj); the Pielesz coat of arms  belong to a sword group (the Kownia arms, Herburt crest, three swords and Pielesz come from the sword group); the Swords are in 19 arms and   variants joined with another objects.  

Adding of one star extra to the Pielesz armorial bearings resulted in unknown arms for Mieroszowski (plate 10, pieces 1 - 15, ed. of 1887). It's a Pielesz diverse coat of arms according to me ! 

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There was a certain Konstantynowicz branch from Russia in the Congress Poland after exile to Siberia (the exile to Irkutsk in  1864). They lived at a later date near by Makov and thereafter Ciechanov at the end of the 19th cent. and derived from  Patrycjusz Konstantynowicz + Anastazja nee Mierzejewski. Gavryla Konstantynowicz born c. 1810 was father of  Patrycjusz and Zenon, I think. The document relating to the grant of a certain estate upon this Konstantynowicz branch  (territory of them was situated at the border on Russia, at Volhynia) was in Mikashovka vicarage till 1945. Patrycjusz i.e. Patrycy  Konstantynowicz was born in 1831, the Roman Catholic, d. November 01st, 1908.  A part  of this branch is living in USA now. At  present, on September the 15th, in yr.  2008 Michal has written off to me that Patrycjusz had got to arrive to the Congress Poland from Berezyna (from the parish of  Berazino;  at  least  the  message needs to be  precisely researched !)  and  what is  more alongside (?)  younger brother Zenon Konstantynowicz.  

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The following names of lines are according to my research work: 

THE BUDSLAU BRANCH

FROM MALVINA AND WIKENTIJ

THE HRODNA BRANCHES

from KAZIMIERZ born c. 1850/52, JOZEF born c. 1842, ADAM born c. 1840/45, and also WALENTY from ORECHOVICZE or ORECHVICZE

THE BRANCH FROM IRKUTSK

FROM PATRYCJUSZ
A BRANCHES FROM THE MINSK GOVERNMENT

earliest branch from Jan Konstantynowicz 1698; earlier branches from Bonifacy I, Gawryla, Jakow, Daniil (Daniel), Fiodor, Martin (Marcin) and from Leon; later branches from Bonifacy II, Antoni, Wilhelm, Pavel and from Jerzy II

THE MSCISLAU BRANCH

(FROM DOMINIK and his brothers); my family from the Mscislau area derived from - according to the oral tale - a region by Mereczanka river (= Merkys river), thus from Michno Konstantynowicz with the Fox proper coat of arms, where the same possessed forest (1554) and the property of Zaleskowszczyzna (1552) but we weren't told that the Konstantynowicz family derived from Toloczki; the same Michno was put down in a judicial documents of the Troki district in 1552 (according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 3). Searching for evidences last at present. All proofs show the Troki district by the Mereczanka river as the nest of our beginning and never point to the Hrodna district. All descendants with only the Fox proper coat of arms and with our Konstantynowicz surname come from the above Michno Konstantynowicz; see the Mscislau website:   

http://republika.pl/bkonstantynowicz

THE KAUNAS BRANCHES

PIOTR the 1st AND HIS SON VLADYSLAV BORN 1891 and others families

THE KAZLOUSCYNA BRANCH

FROM NAPOLEON KONSTANTYNOWICZ 

the VOLHYNIA BRANCH 

from Bazyli A.D. 1729 and what coat of arms? E.g. Kazimierz  Konstantynowicz in Hrubieszow, 1934.

and UNKNOWN OTHERS BRANCHES or lineages


Note about Ludwik Kalinowski and Ignacy Kalinowski:
They were living in Lgota Murowana: 14 km north-east of Zawiercie, south-east of Czestochowa, and south of Lelow.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydłowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son

Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680 + Zofia Potocka b. ca 1670 + 2nd in 1723 to Elżbieta Ponińska b. 1690, with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska b. ca 1700,
Tekla Kalinowska b. ca 1700 married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789
(with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elżbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725
(Tomasz Ulinski 1620 - 1658, son of Jan Ulinski senior and Katarzyna; husband of Anna; father of Michal Ulinski; half brother of Jerzy Ulinski. Michal Ulinski b. 1650.
Augustyn Ulinski b. 1720 / 1728, m. Barbara Kalinowska b. 1725 / 1730, he was son of Jan Ulinski, of Podolia; Count in Austria in 1779;
Jan Ulinski b. ca 1690 and died in 1761, Colonel, Kamieniec Podolski 1714-1751, MP 1728, 1729 - 1732 and 1733, m. 2nd in 1720 with son Augustyn Ulinski).

The family of above Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738:
Aleksander Kalinowski b. ca 1640 + Elżbieta Strzemeska,
Klara Kalinowska b. ca 1640 + Paweł Chamiec,
Antoni Kalinowski born ca 1640 + Ludwika Gidzińska Gierowska,
and Józef Jan Kalinowski 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckorońska b. ca 1660, with children:
Adam Kalinowski b. ca 1690 + Marianna Boryszewska
(with son Józef Kalinowski b. ca 1720),
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzęcka b. ca 1720 with children:
1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,
2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / OLSZOWSKI,
3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Sołtyk + Tomasz Piasecki,
4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Głogowski,
5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Ludwik Walewski,
6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elżbieta Bielska.
Mentioned above
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 (ca 1730 !?) + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan).
Emerencjanna Emercjanna Pociej, de Bours de Montmorency, nee Warszycka was born ca 1692, to Stanislaw Warszycki and Marianna of Zakliczyn nee Jordan. Stanislaw was born in 1666. Marianna was born in 1670. Emerencjanna married Ludwik Konstanty Pociej in 1717; Ludwik was born in 1664, in Kietowiszki. They had daughter Ludwika Marianna Borzecka nee Pociej. Emerencjanna married 2nd to Józef Aleksander de Bours de Montmorency in 1730; Józef de Montmorency, chevalier seigneur de Bours, was born in 1690 / 1700. Emerencjanna died in 1730.

Justyna Borzecka's children:

1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,

2. Franciszka Kalinowska + Olszewski / Olszowski
[Antoni Jan Olszowski was born 1732, to Stanisław Olszowski and Zofia Nekanda-Trepka. Stanisław was born in 1705. Zofia was born in 1700. Antoni had brother Jan Nepomucen Olszowski; Antoni married Katarzyna in 1756; they had one daughter Franciszka Załuskowski; Antoni Jan Olszowski m. to Katarzyna Niemojowska b. 1730, with son Marceli Olszowski 1767-1837, grandson Andrzej Olszowski 1801-1879 m. in 1837 to Emilia Czarzewska / Czażewska 1818-1885; great-grandson Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911
married Julia Szembek 1836-1928. Ludwik was owner of Torzyniec, died in Breslau / Wroclaw, the marriage in 1866.
Julia was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu;
Julia nee Szembek was born 1836 or ca 1838 in the Siemianice parish, died in Wrocław.
Above Andrzej Olszowski was son of Marceli and Franciszka Kalinowska - she was born ca 1760 (before 1765 ?). Franciszka Kalinowska m. Olszewski / Olszowski in ca 1800.
The Ludwik Olszowski branch come from Walerian and his son Mikołaj who was born in 1619 in Olszowo / Olszowa, the Ujazd parish. Olszowo - 15 km north-west of Ujazd in the Śląsk province (Schlesien, Silesia)],

3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki,

4. Józefa Kalinowska + Jan Sadel Sadlo + Glogowski,

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 + Ludwik Walewski, with son Karol Franciszek Walewski,

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 d. after 1790 + Elzbieta Bielska b. ca 1760, d. ca 1809, owner of Petlikowce Stare 1799 - 1809, daughter of Jozef Bielski 1730 - 1774 - son of Boguslaw Bielski and Anna Szeptycka - and Jozefa Ostrorog b. ca 1730 1st wife;
with children:

a. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. ca 1790 / 1795 d. before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka 1800-1881 owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki 1779-1844 owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska, and mother of Hortensja: Julia Glogowska b. 1760 ?;
Hortensja had husbands:
1 m. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski 1795 - before 1846,
2 m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska,
3 m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Child of above Hortensja:
Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska;
b. Justyna Kalinowska 1790-1876 in Paris owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.
c. Józef Kalinowski ca 1790-1825 owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. ca 1791 in Guzow; the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 1st m. to Prot Antoni Potocki, 2nd to General Walerian Zubow, 3rd to General Teodor Uwarow / Uvarov (see a note below);
she was daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687

(acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki):
with children:
Józefina Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski,
Olga Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski,
Seweryna Kalinowska,
and Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki. That is married to Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773.

We remember about Maria Kalinowska in 1840 moved back from St Petersburg on Krakow / Cracow.
1840 acc. to Cosroe Dusi:
May 30. This morning began the portrait of Countess Josephine Kalinovskaya / Jozefina Kalinowska ... 1840, June, the 27. This morning the family Branicki leaves with Countess Kalinovsky. They ordered me a portrait of an older sister, who is married to General Plautin / Plautyn and lives in Tsarskoye Selo.
And Olga Kalynovska / Kalinowska goes away from court, to his native Poland, where she get married; Alexander agrees to marry Mary Hesse-Darmstadt.

Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria. His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house: Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.
Maria Trubeckoi / Duchess Maria Troubetzkoy / Mary Trubecki was born 1835 / 1840 / 1850. Duchess Maria Troubeckoy married Konstantinovich - genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl; Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.
Therefore, we have strong links between the 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Zaporozhya / Zaporoze / Alexandrovsk and with Estonia, including Tallinn, Viljandi and Parnu. These relations also apply Miezonki, Lodz, the secret Pilsudski movement in Belarus and Estonia and the smuggling of weapons from Russia to Galicia by Lodz.
Two families: Kalinowski and Paszkowski, has a lot connections. Count Joseph Kalinowski fought in the Polish Legions, among others between 1806 and 1807 - Silesia, Westphalia, etc. Similarly, the colonel and then general Franciszek Paszkowski. Both participated in the Napoleonic wars, years 1812-1813. Returned to the country in 1814. Then Paszkowski, and Kalinowski, have made a Free City of Krakow (ca 1819) and established families. Their children were born just after 1816. Both have completed military service in the rank of general. Both family came from south of the former Poland, after in the Russian zone, and also in the Austrian partition, but had a relationships with families living in Russia.
Nestor Troubetzkoy had father:
Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874;
grandfather - Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773 - died 16 November 1801.
And mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski was Countess Maria Kalinowska. Probably she was born (after 1805) ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski.

Note on count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:

his father was Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother was Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error) - Justyna was daughter of Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715), and married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski; she died after 1780?.

The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.
Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695; Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Ogiński, son of wife's brother. Leonard Gabriel Pociej married to Regina Ogińska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki.

Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was daughter of Samuel Leon Ogiński and Zofia Billewicz. She was sister of Jan Ogiński; Szymon Karol Symeon Ogiński, and Helena Tyszkiewicz, inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene. Above Samuel Leon Ogiński b. ca 1593, d. 1657; inf. by Andrzej Hennel at geni.com.

Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej and Anna Teresa had son Aleksander Pociej 1698 - 1770, who was the father of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwiłł; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej.
Mentioned above Karolina Pociej 1732 in Witebsk - died 1776, was daughter of above Aleksander Pociej and Teresa Brzostowska;
Karolina POCIEJ was wife of Stanisław Radziwiłł;
she was mother of Anna Barbara Mostowska; Mikołaj Radziwiłł; Franciszka Teofila Sołtan; Antonina Barbara Anna Mostowska; Teofila Radziwiłł. Karolina was sister of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej. Copyright by Jacek Woźniakowski.

Above named Antonina Barbara Anna Radziwiłł 1762-1833 was 1st wife of Tadeusz Antoni Mostowski Count (1824), 1766-1842; he 2nd married to Marianna Anna Potocka.

Now we back to above named Franciszka Teofila Sołtan:
Józef Szumski b. ca 1800, m. ca 1827 to Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810; Oktawia 2nd married ca 1831 to Konstantynowicz Dominik of MIEZONKA; OKTAWIA was daughter of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780 and from mother Karolina Sołtan;
KAROLINA was daughter of Stanisław Sołtan 1756-1836 and Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł at Nieśwież b. ca 1751, daughter of above Stanisław Radziwiłł 1722 - 1787, who was son of Mikołaj Faustyn Radziwiłł 1688 - 1746.

We back again to above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej 1666 - 1728, who was son of Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina; Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej was the brother of mentioned above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej; copyright by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene.
Children of above Stanisław Sołtan 1756-1836:
1. Helena Sołtan + Franciszek Sołtan, member of the Order of Malta;
2. Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warszawa, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
3. Karolina Piottuch-Kublicki; and others.
We back to above Leonard Pociej 1727 - 1774 who was son of Aleksander Pociej and Teresa Brzostowska; Leonard Pociej was the brother of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwiłł and Ludwik Pociej.
Leonard had son Aleksander Michał Pociej (1774-1846); Leonard Pociej married Maria Aleksandra.

Aleksander Michał Pociej (1774-1846) was the husband of Anna Korzeniowska; he was the father of Teodor Pociej and
Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839 married Sołtan.
Inf. by Maksim Pavlenko at geni.com.
Above Aleksander Michał Pociej (1774-1846) was son of Maria Aleksandra Radziwiłł b. 1753; his grandfather was Wojciech Albrycht Radziwiłł 1717-1762.
Above Aleksander Pociej 1698 - 1770, was son of mentioned Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej.
Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej 1666 - 1728, was son of Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina;
Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej was brother of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej; copyright by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene.

A brother of above Justyna nee Borzecka was Aleksander Maciej Borzecki in 1773 who made agreement with Ignacy Kalinowski on a will and testament of Emerencjanna Warszycki who was married first to Pociej, and she was great-grandmother of Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782, acc. to: http://www.redbor.pl/.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.
Ludwik Konstanty was father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter Justyna KALINOWSKA (m. Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782).
Her son was above named count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error).

Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790,
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 had son Władyslaw Kalinowski.

Children of mentioned count Jozef Kalinowski:
1. Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852,
2. Jozefina married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844 and also
3. Olga born 1822 died 7 April 1899 in Retowl;
4. probably M. Kalinowska (Maria) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course (see the Konstantynowiczs in Estonia)!

Above countess Olga / Ольга Осиповна Калиновская born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus in 1844 and her son: Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849.
She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.
I wrote above that the grandfather of Olga, Jozefina and Seweryna was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.

Grandson of named above Seweryna nee Kalinowska was Mikolaj Plautin / Николай Сергеевич Плаутин b. 1868 who married to Maria Michajlowna Rajewska 1872 - 30 December 1942; her mother:
Marija Grigorievna nee Gagarin -
her sister Anastazja Grigorievna nee Gagarin b. 1853 died 1876 married to Piotr Michajlovich Orlov Denisov born 1852 who was son of
Michail Vasilievich Orlov Denisov born 1823, who was brother of Nadiezda married Katenin.

Grandfather of above Marija nee Rajewskaja was Mikolaj Mikolajevich Rajevskij Younger from the Kiev government, Moscow and St Petersburg b. 14 September 1801; and the second grandfather of above Maria nee Rajewska was
Grigorij Grigorievich Gagarin b. 1810 d. 1893.

Note on the Gagarins:

A.
Julia Martynova Solomonovna Gagarin b. 1821, m. in 1841 to Лев Андреевич Гагарин, 1821 - 1896; his parents: Андрей Павлович Гагарин 1787 - 1828 son of Павел Сергеевич Гагарин 1747 - 1789; grandson of Сергей Васильевич Гагарин 1713 - 1782 and Прасковья Павловна Ягужинская / Jakuszynska, died 1775; great-grandson of Василий Иванович Гагарин died in 1745.
B.
Grigorij Grigorievich Gagarin b. 1810 d. 1893, son of Григорий Иванович Гагарин 1782 - 1837, grandson of Иван Сергеевич Гагарин b. 1752, d. 1810; great-grandson of mentioned above Сергей Васильевич Гагарин b. 1713, d. 1782 with his wife above named Прасковья Павловна Ягужинская d. 1775.
C.
Sergei GAGARIN born 1795, m. Izabela Walewska (1800 - 1886), daughter of Adam Walewski and Pss Josefina Lubomirska / Jozefina; Sergei was son of Sergei senior (1745 - 1798) + Pss Warwara Nikolaevna Galitzine (1762 - 1802); grandson of Sergei (1713-1782) the 1st who married to above named Css Praskovia Pavlovna Jagushonsky / Ягужинская / Jakuszynska (d. 1775); great-grandson of Wassili Gagarin who died before 1745 and married to Maria Ivanovna Wolkov.
D.
Now on the Walewskis:
Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, with:
1. Franciszek 1745-1813 m. Ludwika Stokowska;
2. Adam Walewski b. 1750 m. Józefa Lubomirska 1764-1851 with children:
Tadeusz Walewski 1800-1855 m. Anna Dunin-Karwicka 1795-1881,
above Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn / Sergei GAGARIN 1795-1852, with children:
Maria Gagaryn 1829-1906, and Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890.
3. Justyna Walewska m. Michał Pisarzowski.
4. Marianna Walewska ca 1750-1778,
5. Paulina Walewska,
6. Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, ca 1750-1806, m. Teodora Colonna-Walewska b. ? - d. in 1812.
Teodora was daughter of Józef Walewski of Brzeziny died Jan. 1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. ca 1730.
Jozef had children:
a. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815,
b. Jadwiga Walewska m. Michał Walewski of Bochnia, the member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784-1795) 1735 / 1740 - 1806,
c. Teodora Colonna-Walewska ? - 1812, m. in 1768, in Bielawy to above Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806. Teodora had children:
Antoni Colonna-Walewski 1774-1846 m. Julia Libiszowska;
Felicja Colonna-Walewska m. Józef Weryha-Darowski;
Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska 1780-1840,
Konstancja Barbara Colonna-Walewska 1780-1852,
Marianna Colonna-Walewska m. Aleksander Antoni Jan Rożniecki;
Feliks 1780-1809;
Julia Agnieszka Colonna-Walewska 1789-1857 m. Ignacy Badeni 1786-1859;
Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1792-1837.
E.
Anastazja Grigorievna nee Gagarin b. 1853 died 1876, come from:
above named Ivan Sergeevich Gagarin / Иван Сергеевич Гагарин b. 1752/1754, d. 1810; his son was Gregori Ivanovitch Gagarin 1782 - 1837, grandson was Gregori Gregorievitch Gagarin 1810 - 1893; great-grandchildren were:
Catherine Gregorievna Gagarin 1844 - 1920,
Gregory Gregorievitch Gagarin 1850 - 1918,
Maria Gregorievna Gagarin 1851 - 1941 m. Michel Nikolaievitch Raievsky 1841 - 1893 / MICHAL RAJEWSKI,
above Anastasia Gregorievna Gagarin 1853 - 1876 m. Pierre Mikhailovitch Orlov-Denissov 1852 - 1881.

According to Russian sources in 2015, Maria Tarnowska [Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish, 1783 - 1851] came from the Ukrainian Cossacks:

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin or Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, married to Countess Nadejda Vasilievna, the second daughter of General Count Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.
They had daughters:
1.
Mary or Maria / Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin married in 1868 to Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899; he d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters.
2.
Sofia KATENIN d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816, and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov / Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760, had brother
Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich was above named
Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish (1783 - 1851), the daughter of Major and State Councilor Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski (1759 - ?).
Children of Elzbieta Tarnowska MARTYNOW were:
Elizabeth Solomonovna Martynov,
Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna (Rzhevskaya - Rzhevskij Michal),
1814-60 Michael Solomonovich Martynov;
above named Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish);
1819 Natalia Martynova Solomonovna;
Julia Martynova Solomonovna Gagarin b. 1821;
Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich born 1824 and died 1909;
also Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov (? born ca 1820) - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki, Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.

Above Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski was son of Wasyl Tarnowski / Vasily Tarnowski; known as Michael Tarnavskiy, b. 1759; Vasily Tarnowski (? b. ca 1720) was son of Jan Tarnowski / Ivan Grigorevich Tarnavskiy died 1761 (? born ca 1700); Vasily was Cossak, captain of Poltava regiment.
Above Grigorij TARNOWSKI (? born ca 1670) was son of Jan b. ca 1650, and grandson of Jozef Tarnowski b. ca 1620.

Mentioned above Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760 - that is Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760. Captain (or Major?). He was a Kirsanov district (in Tambov Province) leader of the nobility.
His daughter was Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria Matriniwna second voto Krasnickaja (Krasnicki), born ca 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev.
Daughter of above Wiktoria:
Anna Petrowna Konstantynowicz / Анна Петровна Константинович (Вернадская) / Hanna Pietriwna / Konstantinovich who married Vernadsky / Vernadskij.
Anna became the wife of Professor Ivan Vasilevich Vernadsky / Iwan Wasylewicz Wernadski b. 1821 died 1884, and she was mother of W. I. Wernadski.
Anna b. November 11, 1837 (1827?) in Kiev / Kyiv in Ukraine and died on November 7, 1898 (1865?).
Her mother was named above Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria second voto Krasnicka, daughter of Major (or Captain?) Russian army - Martynow.
Wernadska Konstantynowicz Anna / Ganna / Hanna was friend of Wultfert Malecka Lidia, daughter of Karol Malecki.
Anna's children:
1. Владимир Иванович Вернадский / Wladymir Wernadski born 28 February 1863 d. 6 January 1945,
2. Екатерина Ивановна Вернадская / Ekaterina married Korolenko / born 1864 died 1910,
3. Ольга Ивановна Вернадская / Olga Wernadska born 1864.

Anna's father:
Piotr Konstantynowicz son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz, b. 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev, Baykove cemetery; Kiev garrison 1836, general major 1848, son of
Krzysztof Konstantynowicz / Христофор Анастасійович Костянтинович who was born 1741 and died 1786.

Anna's stepmother (not mother):
Іванівна Гулак daughter of Надія Андріївна Суровцева and Іван Іванович Гулак / Jan Gulak, son of Jan.

Anna's brothers and sisters:
1. Pawel Konstantynowicz Piotrowicz / Pawlo son of Pietr, 1822 - 1884, lived in Wsiotiwce / Wojtiwce / Woitivcy / Wojtowce, married to Olga Iwanowna, b. ?, died 1903, daughter of Dubnikow; he served for the Poltawskij regiment in 1837, the Sleckij regiment (Slucki?) of 1842, 1843 lieutenant, the Newski Naval regiment 1845, has 7 children;
2. Lew,
3. Elena,
4. Iwan Piotrowicz - Jan Konstantynowicz who married to Marija Sofroniwna / Sofronow, daughter of Grigorij, b. ?, died 1850, she was from Sewastopol; they had daughter
Oleksandra Iwaniwna Konstantynowicz / Aleksandra Iwanowna 1848 - died 1920, nee Konstantynowicz; she was married in August 1866 to Modzelewski Lew son of Michail, 1837 - 1896; her sons:
Modzelewski Wadim Lwowicz 1882 - 1920, historian; and
Wsiewolod Lwowicz 1879 - 1936, the Naval Corps in Sankt Petersburg and after in 1898 he served in the Russian fleet in Petersburg, 'Imperator Aleksandr II', 1904 - 1905 a war against Japan, captain 2nd class in 1912.
Konstantynowicz Iwan son of Piotr, born 1818 - died 1877, since 1834 served the Russian fleet, captain 1st class, 1875 Caucasus army;
5. Zofia - Sofija Konstantynowicz Piotrowna, 1823 - 1848,
6. Wladymir,
7. Aleksandr,
8. Aleksandr second:
Aleksander Konstantynowicz who came from an Ukrainian military and landowning family, lived in the government of Poltava (now in Ukraine), also in Kiev; his daughter was
Olga I. Konstantynowicz who was born 1860 in Kiev - since 1880 in Paris and USA at the beginning of the 20th cent.;
9. Elizawieta,
10. Piotr older,
11. Piotr younger.

The Konstantynowiczs sealed themselves six armorial bearings:

Fox proper, Bowel(s), Three Crosses, the Pielesz diverse, Radwan and Ours of the Konstantynowicz ancestry - Grekul


the picture of the Bjarezina river from beautiful book "Polska. Kresy wschodnie", Kluszczynski publishing house; author Roman Marcinek and photographer Sergiej W. Tarasow   

1863 

   The poor nobility in the 

East  Belarus  

in the first half of the 19th cent. lived in two  clumps, west and east group. The west one, by the  Druc' river (near by Sjanno, through Careja and Bobr, to  Talacyn and southwards Bjalynicy and next Druc village) and  the  east one by the Soz river (from Mscislau, through  Krycau and to Cacersk, here thickest). In the east group were  a big localities, 40 - 850 persons. A fortunes of Poles in  this furthest easterly territories of the former Both  Nations Republic turned out differently than by Vistula, because not a few Poles had got to choose military service in the Russian Army since  the end of the 18th cent. or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia since second half of the 19th century. We offer an  example of the Czaplic family: Adam Eufemiusz Czaplic from the Mahileu government, Polish nobleman, friend of prince Potiomkin and Russian  general fought against the Polish in 1792 and 1794, and also against Napoleon in 1812. 

   Nonetheless this country, the East Border, signaled to us attachment for Polish tradition during the January Insurrection in 1863 according to Edward Maliszewski (Edvard Malishevski), ed. in Warsaw in 1920. So in the Mahileu government was plan of the uprising on  May 05th, 1863. There were 3.300 insurgents; in the district of Sjanno, at a farm of Slepce - here was a group of Tadeusz Chmurowicz (Tadeush  Chmurovich) and W. Szlagier (V. Shlagier), 100 strong. Horki town was conquest by night 05/06 May 1863 (19 km from the present border of Russia and 22 km from Kopceuka).  The Orsa group under command of Ignacy Budzilowicz (Budzilovich) fought on May 07th, 1863. In the Mahileu district commanded W. Korsak (or  Korsach) and Mancewicz brothers (Mancevich); they got defeated at once in Czarnorucz (Tsharnoruch). Consecutive battle between Russians and Polish  rebels took place by Leciachy near to Rahacou by Dnjapro on May 11th, 1863, but already on May 12th and 13th, 1863 all Mahileu  insurgents  surrendered to Russians near by Zurawicze (Shuravicy, 38 km NE of Rahacou on May, 12th) and in Propojsk (that is Slauhard by Soz = Sosh river  now, 75 km E - N - E of Rahacou in the Bychau district) on May 13th, 1863. Besides we know about a battle near by Szczawry (Scadry) close to the border  of the Minsk government on the Mahileu one. It was similarly in the Minsk government: as early as November 1862 a Convention of the  Nobility in Minsk made a statement - summons for uprising. For the first time a fighting was close by Piotrowszczyzna village (Piotrowinka, 18 km West of Cerven in the Ihumen district). The group of rebels retreated towards the Mahileu government, through Kolbcza (i.e. Koubca 19 km SW of Miezonka). At the same time, on May 07th, 1863, a group 400 strong fought close by Podberezje (Podbereshje 26 km SW of Cerven) in the Ihumen district, too. Consecutive battle between Russians and Polish rebels near by Loczyn on June 14th, 1863 in the Ihumen district, too (Lucznoje now, 8 km southwards of Cerven). In consequence the estate of Gorki had confiscated from Kornel Peliksza in 1863 (21 km of Minsk) after suppressing of the rebellion; Kornel Peliksza acted as chief of the Minsk province during the January Insurrection. Pawel Dybowski (Pavel Dybovski) was a chief in the Minsk district with centre in  Stankow (Stankava now, 36 km SW of Minsk); it was property of general and count Emeryk Czapski. In the middle of May 1863, a group from the  Ihumen district which came from east side of the Berazino parish (Berezino) under command of Piotr Jesman, after skirmish close to  Boguschewitschi, was smashed completely close by Marcjanowka village (Martjanovka north of Boguschewitschi). Melchior Wankowicz older was  also  the insurgent in 1863.  

Notwithstanding the Polish nobility lived on and on in the Mahileu government, for instance in 1865: the  west group by Druc' river - 12.188 adult persons in 521 villages and places, among others 10.447 Roman  Catholics; the east group by Soz river - 25.318 persons in 248 placess but only 5.927 Roman Catholics. 

Only 3.700 Poles lived in the Mahileu province in 1989, after displacements and purges in 1918 - 21,  1928    - 37, 1940 - 44 and 1952 - 55. 

You also can to see nodeworks according to Barancewicz : Wyzlacinski - Bujewicz (rus, pol) Giecewicz (eng,pol,rus) Konstantynowicz (eng) Leszkiewicz (bel,rus) Matusiewicz (eng,pol,rus) Lyczkowski (eng) Tumilowicz (eng)

We lived in the central and eastern Minsk government continuously in the middle of the 19th cent. 

persons:

1. Iwan Konstantynowicz

2. Zenon Konstantynowicz 

3. Marcin Konstantynowicz (dworianin = nobleman verified

4. Iwan Konstantynowicz (dworianin = nobleman verified

5. Patrycy Gawrylow Konstantynowicz

6. Wikentij Jakowlew Konstantynowicz

7. Semen Jakowlew Konstantynowicz

8. Kazimierz Daniilow Konstantynowicz / Danilovich Konstantynowicz Kazimir (Константинович Казимир Данилович, catholic, a nobleman, was living in noble locality Podkosie ca 15 km east of PUKHOVICHY, and south-west of Berezyna; PUKHOVICHY district, Minsk region)

9. Iwan Fiodorow Konstantynowicz

10. Iwan Daniilow Konstantynowicz

11. Mikolaj Martinow Konstantynowicz 

12. Iwan Leonow Konstantynowicz 

13. Stefan Konstantynowicz the 1st in Dzmitrovichi, the Barysau district - the information of 1844

Duflon Company, Miezonka and 'Nadberezyncy' - new maps

Nadberezyncy, Florian Czarnyszewicz. New map south of Miezonka.

localities:

Zamostocze

in the Minsk district (= uyezd), the region of Siennica, the  parish of Koreliszczewicze; residents in this Polish noble locality at the  end of the 19th cent.: Platowski, Narejko, Janczewski, Suchocki, Rzeczycki, Pawlowicz,  Mazurkiewicz, Ancielewski and our family 

Luzki = Lushki

(near to villages Skuraty, Donnarowka, Zadomlia, Zaluze in 1859, 7 km west of   Smolewicze / Smaljavicy) in the Minsk government at the  beginning of the 19th cent.; here was a teacher and priest Tadeusz Konstantynowicz in 1812 

Duflon & Konstantinovich Company

Here you can to read about noble ancestries deriving from former Mscislau province i.e. from the Mahileu government, mainly there are Polish and Byelorussian families, e.g. about Holynski, Wollowicz, Puszkin, Brujewicz, Polubinski, Hurko and others. An information on Polish exiles in Siberia are at the website, too. Also about Polish rebellion near by the Lake Baikal in 1866. Here is description of the January Insurrection 1863 in the Ihumen (Cerven) district and also in the Mahileu government; and theory about the Fox and Pielesz coats of arms in the Grand duchy of Lithuania.

Ozeryszcze = Ozdryszcze

Oserischtsche in the Ihumen (= Igumen either Tscherwen or Cerven) district, NW of Ossipowitschi

Little Loszyca

small holding Male Loszyce in the Minsk district - 4 km NW of  Koroleszczenicze (= Koreliszczewicze; neighbourhood of them in the 19th cent.:  noble Poloniewicz family in a little village Zajameczno, noble houses Pawlowski,  Niemorszanski, Bohdaszewski, Siemaszko, Lubanski, Proszynski, Kostrowicki and  Narcyz Torczynski; the village was situated in the Siennica = Sienica region that is  "volost", the parish of Koroleszczenicze, near to villages Kuroszczowszczyzna,  Rylowszczyzna, Loszyce and Korziuki

Barysau

Stefan Konstantynowicz the 2nd here in the early 20th century

Mar'ina Horka = Marina Gorka

Anton / Antoni Konstantynowicz son of Ivan / Jan; he was  the first rector of a school in the little city (the Piareshyr  street) in 1866 

Konstantynov

(the noble small village near to the river Usza = Usa, 5 kilometres from Borovina  north;  close to border of the Ihumen district) in the Barysau district 

BOROVINA

in the Ihumen district (i.e. Borowiny near to Zeremiec at the map of 1859),  here Ludwik Konstantynowicz and his son Jan born 1888,  who has gone into the army of Balachowicz 1920

Berezyna

Here you can to acquaint with information about former Ihumen district and with data on the Polish in the parish of Berezino. Here  there are details about Brzezinski family from Livland. It's a large part devoted to Polish senior officers in Tsarist Army and which next  served for the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus in 1917 - 1918. Here you can to read about the Balachowicz's troops (Corps in 1920) - English  version.

The Balachowicz's Corps passed by Olszany and Remel by south bank of Pripjat (= Pryp'jat) on Polish side: on  November 26th, 1920 ("Tula" and "Putwal" regiments with Jozef Balachowicz); on November 26th - 28th: soldiers of  the 2nd and 3rd Byelorussian Divisions passed to Poland; by night 27/28 November 1920 - Gen. Stanislaw  Balachowicz went on to Poland (with his aides: painter Artur Szyk i.e. Alexander Szykarenko, b. 1894, d. 1951 in USA, since   1921 lived in Lodz, and also Tadeusz Darmont); on November 30th - Gen. Adamowicz; the remainder on December  02nd - 04th, 1920 (on December 04th: unit 2100 strong from the 1st Byelorussian Division of colonel Peremykin after tough   fightings on November 25th - 27th). The formal demobilization of the Balachowicz's Corps followed on December  03rd, 1920. And nonetheless Gen. Stanislaw Balachowicz was elected as "General Chieftain of Belarus" in  Warsaw on December 23rd, 1920, according to Stanislaw Dowoyno - Sollohub. Byelorussian soldiers were  interned near by Czestochowa in January 1921, and from here to Szczypiorno close to Modlin, to Tuchola,  Aleksandrow Kujawski, Pikulice, Dabie, Torun, Strzalkow and Kalisz, till August 1924. A lot of  the  "Balachowiczs" were employed in Hajnowka, Bialowieza and Bielsk

MIEZONKA

in the Ihumen district (the GOVERNMENT OF MINSK, the parish of BERAZINO or BERESINO, the POHOST or Pogost region = Pogostskaya "volost" that is similar to county; PRECINCT BERAZINO = Uchastok No 2: Uyrevichskaya, Pogostskaya and the Belichanskaya volost; near to villages DULEBO (= Duleby) and DRUCZANY; here Stanislaw Konstantynowicz born c. 1855 + Anna Malkiewicz  daughter of Konstancja Brzezinski from the Polish Livland / Livonia).

I search for all information about the village MIEZONKA where my grandfather was born on 23 April 1898 either 1897 or 23 April 1900; at  present Belarus: the Bjalynicy (= Belynichi) region in the Mahileu (= the Mogilev or Mahilyow province) "oblast"; the village is situated among grand forest  and  southwards was big marsh - Miezonka was at a territory of the Radzivilles enormous estates before A.D. 1840; ask you about  information

The Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party, the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district and the Polish Military Organization conducted a contraband of weapon from Russia to Austria -  Hungary at the beginning of the 20th century keeping in touch with Josef Pilsudski (b. 1867) and that track went out from Petersburg, among others across Miezonka and Lodz (the Tuvim street) in the direction to Galicia; a family of Andrzejak from Lodz involved in this activity occupied quarters in Miezonka and Moscow all over the first World War and thus they became technolators of aviation and the basis of the  amateurish movement of aviation sports in Lodz (besides Henryk, Stefan and Wladyslaw Chlebowski - as early as 1910 in Paris and 1911 in Lodz - and also Zygmunt Dekler acted as air experts in Lodz before the First world war) after 1920

the Polish school of Berazino precinct was here in 1918; farm - houses in Borovina and Miezonka estates were burned down and sequestered by  the Soviets in November 1918 and many perished; displacement from here at Ural and Siberia (the governments of Perm and Omsk; Konstantynowicz  Walery son of Zygmunt was born in Berezniki on March 01st, 1950 in the region of Perm, i.e. in Bieriezniki 155 km north of Perm and next graduated from the Moscow  University, philosopher, he has been living and working in Omsk since 1975) in winter 1928/29; the Roman Catholic chapel was here on the German map of  1941; more: 

Berezyna

the residents in this Polish noble locality at the beginning of the 20th cent. 

Umecki

near by Lodz now

Tumilowicz

(Miezonka and neighbourhood) Jan and Florian sons of Jozef, Leon and Piotr sons of Foma, Wasyl and Felicjan sons of Ilin, Jakub and Maciej sons of Wincenty and others; close to Dzierzynski family (brother of Felix); one of them Boleslaw worked at the Monitz factory in Lodz, was born c. 1901 in Miezonka number 9, he had two sisters and brother Bronislaw, nowadays in Poland (near by Lodz, too

Bronowicki

Lodz at a later date 

madam Zaleski

 

Barszczewski

Adam the son of Wincenty and Jan the son of a.n. Adam 

Soroko

= Soroka, Saroka of Leliwa and Suchekomnaty arms in the Brest province and at a later date in Vilkmerge area, Dzisna  region since 1571; related to Bulhak noble family and Koziell house; some estates in the Trakai  district in 1607; Siberia  now 

Konstantynowicz

among others Bydgoszcz now 

Szostak

i.e. Sastakas with Dabrowa coat of arms and Tartars with Swan arms (they lived in the Lida and Vilna  districts, for example A.D. 1764, and also in the Svencionys district A.D. 1835, derived from Tartar Szostak according to  S. Dziadulewicz and verified in Minsk and Vicebsk); Stanislaw Szostak was from this family, person of the  same age what my grandfather, he learnt at the "Nikolai - Ingenieurschule" (the air section was here during the First world war) in Petersburg by November 1917, defender of the Winter Palace on  07  November 1917, colonel of armoured weapon 1944 - 1947. According to Dariusz Szostak of 2011: Stanislaw Szostak born 14 January 1898 in Berezyna, died 11 February 1961, jailed 29 October 1917 to 18 December 1917 in Petrograd. Summer 1946 in UK. Among others Lodz now  

Witkowski

= Vitovsky of 1860; among other things: Antoni and Wincenty the sons of Mikolaj and Jan who was  son of Franciszek, in period of the January Insurrection 1863 - 1864 

Malkiewicz

they had relatives in Paluse i.e. Pluszcze; information of 1958 according to Narcyz Soroko from  Siberia; among others Lodz now 

Zbieranowski

one from them, Mr. Aleksander Zbieranowski was convicted during "shahtynski"  lawsuit of 1928 - he was radio engineer and the specialist - expert of a radio valves  after completion of the Polytechnic of Berlin in 1914; other - Wladyslaw Zbieranowski  was  courier of the Polish Military Organization at the district of Babrujsk A.D. 1918. Aleksander born 1895 in Miezonka, son of Jan, wife Jozefa b. 1905 - daughter of Michal, lived in Kirylucha close to Rozyszcze in Volhynia before 1939, children: Danuta, Jan, Ryszard, Zygmunt. Near by Lodz now  

Huszcza

or Guscis (= Gustis); with Puchala and Horseshoe coats of arms in the Polack province and in  Mahileu A.D. 1671 and next in the provinces Vilna and Minsk; they verified the arms in Minsk in  1825; the Huszcza and Tumilowicz families that is the rural  "badger nobility", the Polish strongly.  The Borsuki village  (Badgers) is situated 15 km north - east from Miezonka, according to M. K.  Pawlikowski who described history of Ipohorski -  Irtenski family from the Berazino parish (proprietors of Backov estate 3 km E  from the Berezina river); sons of Jerzy: Kazimierz, Hilary, Aleksander, Julian and  Maciej Huszcza; peers of this Jerzy: Jan Huszcza, Semen, Fiodor and Kondrat Huszcza in the period  of the January Insurrection; they've been living in Siberia and Belarus

Comment on the Bonch - Bruevichs  

the foremost expert in the radio valves in the tsarist Russia was Michail (2nd) Boncz Brujewicz (Bonch-Bruevich b. 1888 in Orjol - d. 1940; son of   Aleksander (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich who stayed in Kiev since 1896), electrician and engineer after completion of the "Nikolai -  Ingenieurschule" in Petersburg 1914; he served in the Russian army as a professional officer, expert of electron lamps and radiolocation1915 - 1919 made a study of radio valves and organized the first production of one as chief of high - frequency's section in the Central  laboratory of War  Department in middle of 1917 (the first  broadcast valves  and valve sets appeared in Russian Air Force in 1917); director of the radio  valves laboratory in 1918 - 1920 and author of the broadcasting station's project in Moskow of 1922; his son Aleksej Bonch - Bruevich (b.  1916) was the Soviet expert of electron tubes, too; 

his relatives - actual originators of the November coup d'etat in 1917

brothers Wladymir Boncz Brujewicz = Bonch-Bruevich (1873 - 1955, son of Dmitry Bonch-Bruevich; photo: W. Boncz - Brujewicz in Moscow, October  1918; Wladymir i.e. Vladimir Bonch - Bruevich was publisher and one of Lenin's closet associates; he had got a cabin in  autonomous Finland and Lenin had hiding place there in period July - October 10th, 1917 [Old Style] i.e. to 23rd October; Vladimir Bruevich was administration manager at the Council of People's Commissars from November 1917; cf. F. Antoni Ossendowski, "Shadow of the bleak East", edition of 1919 and 1921, p. 57 - 58: he was known to sphere of Petersburg high society, Polish "old nobleman", secret chieftain of  socialists; he concealed of Trocki - Bronstein in Petersburg A.D. 1905 and also directed Chrustalow - Nosar or Chrustalov - Nosari in 1905

and general Michail (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich either Bonch - Bruyevich Mikhail Dmitriyevich or Michal Bonc - Bruevic, see - if you read Russian - here:  http://history.tuad.nsk.ru/index.html (b. 1870 - died 1956; son of Dmitry who stayed in Moscow) who was tsarist general and next chief of staff of the Supreme Commander after November 1917, the military director of the Supreme Military Council and chief of general field staff of the Red Army in 1918 - 1919; was the specialist in take a pictures from airplanes and organized the first technical office of aerial photograph in 1925; he wrote "The aerial photograph" in 1931 and similar book in 1934 (and  Grigorij - his son Mikolaj (2nd) b. 1896 was general of the Soviet air force)

the family of Aleksander II Brujewicz or Bonc - Bruievicius of the Boncza arms lived in Zbyszyn or Sbychin near to Tschetschewitschi since 1876 / 1880, 39 km SE away from Miezonka and the big estate had 5548 hectares. He lived next door Gresmer or Greszner family (according to a map edited by A. Brantner of "K.u.k. militar - geographisches Institut" in Wien 1896) and Mr Witold  Bulhak home (the Bulhak noble house of  the Syrokomla arms, verified in Minsk A.D. 1802, possessed also in the government of  Minsk: Matewitschi  = Maciejewicze i.e. Macevicy 14 km SW of Miezonka, and Zuki, Budzilowka and Kondratowicze); villages Woncza / Vontcha,  Borki and Rogi - which Florian Czarnyszewicz described in a book "Nadberezyncy" i.e. Berezyna's Riverside Inhabitants - were situated close by the Zbyszyn estate: 3 and 7 km; besides a certain Aleksander (IV ?) Brujewicz purchased village Mistow and neighbourhood in the Congress Poland on 25 January 1861 but I haven't yet any firm evidences if it's the same Aleksander (2nd) Brujewicz who settled himself in  the Zbyszyn  property - I  am searching information; they derived from Michal 1st Brujewicz who was born 1762 and stayed in the Minsk  province and all  following   generations (all his sons: Aleksander I, Mikolaj I, Bazyli, Wiktor, Piotr, Pawel, Fiodor) served in Russian army at a later date;  the Brujewicz  family  was in   Mahileu   A.D. 1718 and in Krycau  A.D. 1745, Sladzin or Sladziniec in Mahileu region in 1761.

In search of genealogy. It is of greatest importance to me.

I am looking for all information about my grandfather Marian or Jerzy Konstantynowicz and about his family from the parish of Berazino (Berezina, Berezino or Berezyna).  He belonged to one of the old noble families from the farthest eastern reaches of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Those lands were also the first to be taken by tsarist Russia as the result of the partitions of Poland. 

Those near and dear (families at the beginning of the 20th cent.) in the Berazino parish (Mother of God of Mercy catholic church),  Riga,  the Dryssa ujezd and elsewhere: 

1.

Malkiewicz

Old Svolna, Miezonka and the Jauji farm (i.e. Jowce or Javci in LATVIA; 49 km north - east of Vilani in the Ludsen = Ludza district  formerly) www.surnameweb.org/registry/m/a/l/malkiewicz.shtml

2.

Nieciejewski

in farms Hrynica / Griniza and Usochy in the Ihumen district, and also village Luszewska Slobodka in  the Rahacou district (345 ha., here a family of Gorski lived, too) since 1881; the Russian and Soviet general, count  Bronislaw Nieciejewski  who was  born c. 1870 in the Berazino parish came from Hrynica, and his  daughter worked as translator and interpreter as early as November 1917 (after completion of the  University of  Paris)  at the first Council of People's Commissars under direction of Wladymir (Vladimir) Boncz Brujewicz  who was the chief of the Lenin's office 1917 - 1918; either Nieciejovski or  Niecijevskij, Nicijewski and  Nieciovski, too  

3.

Uminski 

or Uminskas with Cholewa arms in the Vilna and Vicebsk provinces (Manulki farm A.D. 1672), Bruslevo (or Bryjelov, Brialewo in the Berezina parish) and Smolarnia - Florian Czarnyszewicz has written the book "Nadberezyncy"  about this village; Smolarnia was situated next to Krasny Brzeg in the Babrujsk district,  property of the Korzeniewski family and also of Wincenty Stanislaw Koziell Poklewski - he was born 1853 and died 1929, son of  Alfons Koziell  Poklewski 1810 - 1890,  member of the State Administration of Trade 1907 - 1912 according to Tatiana Pietrovna Mosunov and he was  related to  Hotowski i.e. Gatovskij,  Slotwinski from Ravanicy and Malkiewicz, too; Uminski family was related to Sarnecki (or  Sarneckis  from  Skierniow estate in the Trakai district) family with Slepowron arms.

After 10 years, I need specifies the base of the Krasny Brzeg village and the village of Smolarnia. Krasny Brzeg is situated in an area of Zlobin that is now the Gomel Province. Here is a palace of Koziell-Poklewski. Smolarnia / Смолярня / Smalarnia is a village in Belarus, a former Polish nobility locality, located in Mogilev Province at present, in the area of Kliczow / Klitshev, 3.5 km to the south-west of Kliczow, next to Niaseta / Niesety, Budniewo, about 30 km south - west of Miezonka. The village is sheltered from the north by forest. Smolarnia and its people during 1905-1920 is describes by Florian Czarnyszewicz.

4.

counties Zarako Zarakowski

i.e. the Zarokovskij family e.g. during war 1878 - 1879; properties: Holubovo palace, Kniazievo village and the great Svolna / Swolna estate - the chief  military state prosecutor of communistic Poland  (after - see http://konstantynowicz.info/September_1939 - 1939 P. O. W. in Russia and next Military Attorney in Warsaw / Attorney General) and Soviet general, count Stanislaw Zarako Zarakowski  was born here in 1909 or November 1907; neighbourhood of them: Lipski Jan who  was the noble marshal of the Vicebsk government, Alina Rykow, Maryia Zabiella, famous Czerski by 1835,  Szczyt since 1725, Rudomin, Korsak, Dluzniewski; Jan Zaraka(o) - Zarakowski b. 21.02.1857, Russian general,  stayed in Vicebsk  in June 1918, next Polish division general 1923, d. in Warsaw before 1934 according to T. Kryska-Karski; Soviet and Polish general  Boleslaw Zarako -  Zarakowski was chief of the main staff of the Polish People Army in 1944, b. in Polack 1894  

5.

Zbieranowski

Igumen, Berazino (Michal born Berezino in 1882 son of Jozef Zbieranowski and his wife Zofia nee Witkowski, after Bobrujsk, Sluck and Riga / Ryga 1899 - 1904), Riga and Miezonka; they were relations of Sarnecki (or Sarneckis)  family  with Slepowron arms  

6.

Szostak

Miezonka and (acquaintances of  Raczkiewicz)  Babrujsk = Bobruisk or Bobruysk   www.surnameweb.org/registry/s/z/o/szostak.shtml

7.

Konstantynowicz

Miezonka, Petersburg, Svolna = Svol'na or Swolna, Krycau, Daugavpils, Kovalki, Riga, Omsk, Borovina

8.

Pilecki

Pileckis with Leliwa arms in the Vilna region in 1632 and the Trakai district in 1648, Navahrudak in 1674; first  information of 1484 and 1511; they verified the Swan coat of arms in Vilnius and Kaunas in 1807, and also the family  possessed a farmland near by Lida and close to an estate of Marshal Edward Rydz Smigly west of  Lida in the thirties of the 20th cent. 

9.

Stankiewicz

The Stankiewicz ancestry with the Wadwicz coat of arms lived in the Minsk and Mscislau provinces, according to Kasper Niesiecki, vol. 8 (among others 1648 and 1661) as early as the 17th century; the Mazyr district, the province of Polack A.D. 1674. They were related to Kotowski and Oginski families. According to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 5, p. 134 - 135: Stankiewicz or Stankevicius of the Mogila, Boncza and Wadwicz coats of arms; they were near related to Bilewicz (or Billewicz) family from Samaites at the turn of the 16th century. There are information about Jan Stankiewicz in Samaites and Vilna A.D. 1635 and about Michal and Adam Mikolaj here in 1648; Jan Mikolaj from Raseiniai region in 1646, and also Kazimierz in 1658; about Stefan from the Minsk province in 1697 and Adam Stankiewicz in Samaites 1788. They verified the Mogila coat of arms on March 16th, 1835 and derived from Samaites territory in Lithuania. Here they owned Raseiniai in 1535 and next moved to Vilkmerge district (Kirbutiszki and Krekszle farms). The noble Stankiewicz family with the Wadwicz coat of arms came of the Orsa district, and next in the Asmjany one, also the Minsk province and the Mscislau one. They verified the Wadwicz coat of arms in Minsk on February 25th, 1828; besides they lived in the Braslau region.  
   You can to see interesting website on the Stankiewicz family,
http://republika.pl/aord/stankiewicz.htm among other things about: 1. Wladyslaw, Adam and Witold Stankiewicz from Vilna; 2. Antoni from the Minsk government (b. circa 1870, the member of the Civil Guard in Minsk in 1918); 3. Feliks b. 1927 in Babrujsk;
   4. The  Stankiewicz family from Przydrusk village near by Daugavpils was related to colonel Jan  Stankiewicz. Przydrusk = Przydrujsk or Piedruja in the former Grand duchy of Lithuania, and Latvia now, 44 km West of Malkiewicz's Old Svolna = Stara Swolna; Jan Stankiewicz born 04.04.1862 in Vilna / Wilno as son of Franciszek Stankiewicz with the Mogila coat of arms and Pelagia nee Sienkiewicz, got married to Maria Odrowaz in 1886 and  next  as colonel served and  lived in Riga / Ryga 1887 - 1909 / 1910 and possesed the Awocin property in Latvia to c. 1910;  the friend  of   parents of  minister Jozef Beck  from Riga and acquaintance of Jozef Pilsudski  in August 1919 in Wilno;  the relation of  Butrym  family. Colonel Jan Stankiewicz was Polish educational activist and freedom fighter within the Pilsudski undercover movement before 1910 in Riga. Colonel Jan Stankiewicz had withdrawn from the  Russian Army on 01.01.1918, and the Bolsheviks assented to this discharge on 28.02.1918; reunion with family in  Smolensk  after January 1918; and next after settled  himself  in Vilna / Wilno / Vilnius in 1918 or maybe spring 1919. But he served for the Polish Army just since April 1919 and as brigade-general in October 1923; died in Milanowek near to Warsaw in December 1945.

He was mistaken for colonel Gustaw Stankiewicz  son of Marian  from the Siedlce government   b. 1860 - 1918 who was maybe commandant of the 2nd  Polish Corps in  Ukraine in  accordance with Nicman of 1995 and with a Moscow Archive of 2000, and Gustaw died in 1918 over a fight against "reds" somewhere in Ukraine;  
also he was  mistaken with  Sylwester  Stankiewicz, according to Vronskya J. of 1992.
. Sylwester Stankiewicz born 1866 and died in Taganrog close to Rostov-na-Don in March 1919;  maybe since 10th January 1918 to 28th March 1918 as the commandant of the 2nd Polish Corps in Moldova and Ukraine; General-Lieutenant Sylwester Stankiewicz after served for general Anton Denikin in the Voluntary Army with 3000 Russian soldiers; maybe since January 1919 under command of general Piotr Vrangel.  It's not plain statement seeing as turned up just now and come in from East surely. Entries in Wikipedia of  September 2008 on Gustaw and Sylwester (!) have got only currently edited references and there are mistakes in details.

Main former historians: Baginski H., Dowbor - Musnicki J., Holowko T. of  1931 and Michaelis E. of 1929 point out Russian General-Lieutenant Jan Stankiewicz as the commandant of the 2nd Polish Corps in Moldova and Ukraine during December 1917 - March 1918.

 Who was a Commander of the 2nd Polish Corps in
Soroka (Soroca by Dnister in  present north Moldova id est Soroki) and Iasi (east Romania now) in the end of January 1918 till March 08th,  1918?  Colonel Jan Stankiewicz from Riga? General Jan Stankiewicz? Old Gustaw Stankiewicz or an unknown Stankiewicz?  Sylwester Stankiewicz? 

Commander of  the 2nd  Polish Corps retreated front of Germans (a withdrawal of military forces after 
acceptance the Ukraine as ind. state by Germany on 09 February 1918 and 03 Mar. 1918) and after stayed in Iasi on  March 02nd, 1918 and came into contact  with Haller in Jaruga on
March 05th, 1918; when Romania
on the same day March 05th, 1918 concluded an alliance with  Germany - Haller and Stankiewicz with the 2nd Corps on 08th March 1918 launched  a march east and crossed Dnister river going into  Ukraine evading a disarmament in the then Romania. On the other hand General - Lieutenant Jan   Stankiewicz went out from  Czeczelnik to Kiev on March  25th, 1918, to Gen. Michaelis, and next he joined the  White Russian Gen. Aleksiejew / Alekseev by the Kuban river in April 1918 He fought north of  Stavropol in  September  -  October 1918, e.g.  battle  near by Ternovka on  October 14th, 1918 with White  Russians against "reds".  Stankiewicz took the offensive against Stalin's troops for  Astrakhan in middle of  November  1918, and after a retreat of the Voluntary Army, fought at Stavropol "White" Territory in  December 1918 and at the beginning of 1919. General Jan Stankiewicz evacuated himself  from Novorossijsk and probably arrived close by Odessa in March 1919.

 Note: the retreat of 3500 soldiers of the Voluntary Army from under Odessa commenced  at the beginning of April 1919 towards Bessarabia - it was a province of the then Romania between 1918 and 1940/44  - where the Romanians had disarmed "white" Russians, and a  part of this "Army" joined in  General 
Zeligowski 4th Division transcending Dniestr / Dnister river on 10th April 1919;  made Tschernowzy (= Chernovits, Cernivci) and Stanislavov in Poland  in June 1919.  See   Berezyna
5. Bronislaw from Riga (b. 1913, his  grandfather Nikodem was policeman in Riga).  

10.

Spychalski

The Spychalski family from Lodz, worked in a garage of Andrzejak at the beginning of the 20th century and they were acquainted with Pilsudski

my grandfather was a regular; at first he learnt in the secondary school in Mahileu by the river Dnjapro, next a real school in PÄRNU / Pernau /   Parnawa (the Livland government, and Estonia present) and the Naval Corps (or at the Petrograd Naval College = the Naval War College; Course of Navigation Officers 1912  - December 1916) in St Petersburg and he first served in the Kronstadt Stronghold (the Bureau of Navy Transport - in a navigation ensign capacity, i.e.  concretly  "pra'porchik", this is a temporary rank, about equivalent to Sub-Lieut., R.N.R. in British Navy, one 1/2-inch gold stripe without curl - Dec. 1916 / March 1917);  during the First World War he escaped on powerboat from the Kronstadt Stronghold to Tallinn (Reval = Revel, the capital of autonomous Estonia = Estland  since March 1917) with Estonian engineer Jansen and stayed here since April by June of 1917; next in Petrograd by November 1917

during the fighting between the "whites" and "reds" after the Bolshevik Revolution towards the end of 1917 (Minsk - here in December 1917 - and at a  later date Bychau = Bychow) by summer 1918 my grandfather Marian or Jerzy  Konstantynowicz served for 

secret service of anti-revolutionary White Corps 

under general Dowbor Musnicki (a troop under command of engineer Wroblewski - who later worked in an armoury in Pionki  in the thirties of the 20th century  keeping in touch with the Wankowicz family still - recognized Mahileu and Babrujsk) and  fought (Orsa = Orscha, Rahacou - 4th infantry regiment, the 1st  Division of Polish Rifles, Hradzianka / Grodsjanka - North of Ossipowitschi Mahilyow google satellite maps) against the Bolsheviks for freedom of this  country; he carried out duties of courier (Minsk, Babrujsk, Barysau) for the Polish Women Rings; next in the  

Civil Guard of the Minsk Government and the Government of Mahileu 

- then met the family of Wankowicz (quod vide Appendix D about this family) in Old Kaluzyca = Kaluzyn because Mr. Witold "Tolo" Wankowicz was chief of the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district  -  

autonomous section of the Polish Military Organization 

- and my grandfather was courier between the Luboszany (= Libuschany) estate and Kaluzyca in fall 1918;  see:     Berezyna ; here you  can to acquaint with information about former Ihumen district and with data on the Polish in the parish of Berezino; it's a large part devoted to Polish senior officers in Tsarist Army and which next served for the 1st Polish  Corps in Belarus in 1917 - 1918;  

my grandfather was near to general Wejtko (ensign of orderly in Minsk and Vilna 1918) in  the  

Self-defence of Lithuania and Belarus 

- after the collapse of tsarist Russia, Poland regained its independence after 123 years  of  foreign rule and he was professional officer in the 

intelligence service of  Polish Army 

(namely IInd Bureau of the General Staff - determination according to "The Secret Story of SOE (...)" by W. J.  M. Mackenzie, U.K. 2000, p. 312; 04 December 1918 he owned document in Marian Konstantynowicz  name but he wasn't this person surely over military service in voluntary Lithuanian - Byelorussian  Division) 1918 - 1947; military oath in Vilna on December 29th, 1918 during defense of  the town against Soviet troops; the 77th Kovno Regiment next; he served when Poland  was fighting with the Bolsheviks in defense of its independence (1919 - 1920). 

The LIDA garrison (the barracks had name of Marshal Edward Rydz Smigly; the 77th Infantry  Regiment handed over an estate to the Marshal west of Lida near by a farmland of famous Pilecki family;  a pilot and the pioneer of Polish air force Witold Worbek Lettaw from Lithuania (the Lettowt family was verified  in the Kaunas government in 1844 - 1847 and in Vilna on 03.05.1827 as Letowt; also as Letovt Vorbek or von Lettow Vorbeck, v.  Lettow-Vorbeck, Lettow von Vorbek) acted in this garrison) by morning 18 - 09 - 1939; my grandfather  at the night 17 / 18 September 1939 co-organized  burning of the LIDA  garrison's   documentation and next was in Landwarow (= Lentvaris) on  September 19th, 1939,  ZAWIASY, probably arrived at the Rudziszki (= Rudiskes) station and to Grodno 20th  September 1939. He gone on Lithuania on September 21st (= Litauen; was interned and after registered  at the Vievis station 21st   September 1939; see more information about Polish September 1939: http://konstantynowicz.info) 1939; he was in  camps for prisoners of war in: Palanga, relocated to Vilkaviskis Ponoj (= Ponoi in USSR   Karta), Archangel / Archangelsk and Viazniki / at the Wjasniki station (here in August 1941; that is  the Jusha camp = Jusk); 

  Walki z sowietami po 23 wrzesnia 1939

  New website! © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz

September 1941 - May 1947 Army of general Anders. 1947 -- 1948 émigré from Italy to  ARGENTINA. I think he lived after in  New Mexico,  too. I am unclear about where he  died; he used pseudonym Stankiewicz as though a second surname. 

His particular personal signs (photo of 1934): 

- his blood - group: A

-  a scar under right knee

- he was 160 cm tall. 


Lenin's Revolution 1917 - Polish independence in 1918.
General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus.

We stayed in 

St Petersburg and Moscow

"Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Co." 

abbreviated as 

DEKA 

Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - Sandro / Sasho was a key figure in the development of the Russian  air force; well-bred in

Georgia  /  საქართველო  /   Sakartvelo  

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich born 13 / 25 October 1832 in Peterhof, Field Marshal and on December 6, 1862 was appointed governor in the Caucasus and commander the Caucasian Army, with all rights chief of the army to July 23, 1881. Initiator of the compilation of the 'Caucasian Collection', published in Tiflis in 1876-1912. In marriage he had six sons and one daughter, among others Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro), b. 01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France: Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia, on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies. Mason, and called himself Philalethes. Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages: 1886 - 1889 made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals. In 1892 he commanded the destroyer 'Revel', in 1895, was a senior officer of a battleship and in 1899, on the battleship 'Admiral Apraksin', then transferred to the Black Sea Fleet, where he commanded the battleship 'Rostislav'. With the beginning of the 1st World War, in fact, led the fleet of Russia. In 1915, Admiral, with the December 1916 field inspector - general of military aircraft; after February 1917 was in the Crimea, and in 1919 went into exile. Since 1903 an honorary member of the Nikolaev Naval Academy, was also the chairman of the Eng. Technical Society. In exile, was the honorary chairman of the Union of Russian military pilots and he was the patron of the National Organization for Russian scouts. He was in France in 1909 and next established the Volunteer Aerial Association under his presidency (All Russian Aero Club) and set up the first military aviation school in Sebastopol in 1909 or 1910 - finally formed at Sevastopol (Sebastopol) for the winter 1912 and in Gatchina for the summer 1912; near to Russian military intelligence. The Duke, Freemason, Vice-Admiral was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Russian  Military Air Fleet  in 1914 or 1915  and  he  became Inspector of Aviation; aide-de-camp to Nicholas II, an old friend of the Tsar and  married to  his sister Xenia.

1892

At the beginning Louis Franzevich Dyuflon founded technical office in the 2nd half of the 19th century in Moscow. L. Duflon / Dyuflon and Apollon Konstantynowicz acted in the St. Petersburg branch of the 'Breguet' Company

(A. Konstantynowicz / Apollon Konstantinovich / Constantinovich for the Breguet Moscow branch).
At present the Montres Breguet SA is a member company of the Swatch Group of western Switzerland in L'Abbaye (L'Abbaye is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne). It was founded by

Abraham-Louis Breguet in Paris in 1775.

Abraham-Louis Breguet or Bréguet b. 10 January 1747 and died on 17 September 1823, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Originally Prussian Abraham Louis Breguet began his career as a watchmaker but also a physicist.

His son Louis-Antoine Breguet. His ancestry was French but his family were Protestants so they fled to Switzerland after Edict of Nantes in 1685. He met

Abraham-Louis Perrelet and Xavier Gide.

In 1795 Breguet returned to Paris. Circa 1807 Breguet brought in his son, Louis-Antoine (born 1776) as a business partner, and from this point the firm became known as Breguet et Fils. He sent his son to London to study with the great English chronometer maker,

John Arnold.



Abraham-Louis Breguet died in 1823 and it was carried on by Louis-Antoine to 1833 (he died in 1858), and after the business continued under Abraham-Louis' grandson


Louis François Clément Breguet born on 22 Dec. 1804

in Paris.

German, Russian and British Intelligence and the greatest conspiracy theories in history of Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia and Poland.


The fate of life of these people and the noble clans will meet in the future:

1.
Anna Sophia Pilar von Pilchau nee von Berg, b. 1710, d. 1784 in Tallinn, Harju, Estonia; daughter of Jakob Johann von Berg and Agenete Wilhelmine von Meck; wife of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau; she was mother of Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau; Dorothea Charlotta Baronesse Pilar von Pilchau and Maria Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau; she was sister of Reinhold Wilhelm von Berg and Jakob Friedrich von Berg; Otto Gustav von Berg and Robert Johann von Berg. Mentioned Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau b. 1734 and died 1801 in Jöggis (Jőgisuu), Kullamaa, Läänemaa, Estland was son of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau and Anna Sophia, and this same Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau had children: Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau; Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich, Jakob Johann, Catharina Elisabeth, Reinhold Woldemar. Copyright by geni.com and Peter Trefilov.

2.
Jakov Sivers / Jakob Johann von Sievers, 1731 - 1808, son of Joachim Johann von Sievers (b. 1699); grandson of Joachim Johann von Sievers b. ca 1674 d. 1753 (his son Karl Eduard / Карл Ефимович von Sievers, b. 1710 in Nybygard, Finnland, d. 1774 in St. Petersburg, father of Elisabeth / Елизавета Карловна Putjatin / Elizavieta Puciata, Johann Carl Sievers of Ropkoy b. Lais (Livl.) 1749 d. 1805 acc. to: Peter Trefilov, Benedikte b. 1750, Peter and Karl Gustaf Joachim of Waiwara b. 1758 in Petersburg); caunt 1798, Extraordinary Ambassador to Poland. Cementery in Wolmar in Livonia / Valmiera / Wolmar, is a town in northern Latvia, about 100 km north-east of Riga and 50 km from the border with Estonia. From 1749 to 1755 as a diplomat in London and Kopenhagen (embassy of Prussia). Peter von Sivers b. 1674 = Christian Peter Sievers b. 1671 d. 1726, son of Joachim Sievers; this above named Christian Peter Sievers had children: Anna Magdalena / Анна Магдалена, Joachim Christian / Joachim von Sievers and Maria Elisabeth Gunzel, but Peter Trefilov in 2011 not informed about Friedrich Wilhelm I von Sivers b. 1716 in Reval; Christian Peter Sievers b. 1671 had brother Joachim Johann b. ca 1674 - his son Karl Eduard or Карл Ефимович von Sievers b. 1710 of Nybygard; in this branch was Jakov Sivers / Jakob Johann von Sievers, 1731 - 1808, son of Joachim Johann von Sievers b. 1699, grandson of Joachim Johann von Sievers b. ca 1674 d. 1753. Dorothea Charlotta Baronesse Pilar von Pilchau b. 1749 was daughter of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau and was wife of Georg Johann von Sivers / Sievers b. 1750. He was son of Friedrich Wilhelm I von Sivers b. 1716 in Reval and Leonette Wilhelmina Rehbinder / Lunetta Wilhelmina von Rehbinder. The family of Friedrich Wilhelm von Sivers b. 1716 d. 1781 and Leonette Wilhelmina von Rehbinder 1729 - 1753: son Georg Johann von Sivers (b. 1750, Euseküll, Estonia; died Hiitola / Pukinniemi / Khiytola / Хийтола - a rural settlement of the Republic of Karelia, Russia) married in 1773 in Tallinn to Dorothea Charlotta Baronesse Pilar von Pilchau (b. 1749, Wait, Estonia) with children: Friedrich Wilhelm von Sivers 1780, Anna Charlotta Christina von Sivers 1783, Dorothea Wilhelmina Johanna von Sivers, Elisabeth Christina, Catharina Hedvig Elisabeth.

3.
Василий Васильевич Шауб / Wilhelm Schaub / Wilhelm Johann-Vassili Vassilyevitsh Schaub, 1861 - 1934. Vasily Schaub / Wilhelm Johann Christian, Russian architect, also being built in Moscow, Saratov, Yekaterinburg. Son of Василии Иванович Шауб (1834 in Göttingen, d. 1905 in St Petersburg, Russia) / Wilhelm Karl Albert Emil Schaub. Göttingen is a university town in Lower Saxony. Grandson of Johann Schaub or Ivan Schaub (b. ca 1800 ?). Probably Johann Schaub or Ivan Schaub come from Johannes b. 1766 m. second time in 1800 to Elise NEFZGER, who had child Johannes 1801 (Johann Schaub or Ivan Schaub) + Barbara SCHWOB. Remember on Heinrich Schaub b. 1802 in Sissach, close to Basel; Swiss politician in the Basel canton 1832, 1838 und 1850, 1869 to 1870. Wilhelm Johann Vassili Vassilyevitsh Schaub was father of Woldemar Schaub and Gustav Schaub. Gustav Schaub, owner of the mechanical production company in Estonia and director of the Society Volta in Revel (company, also co-operated with the Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, specialised in the production of dynamo maschines and electricity motors, and in 1917 its authorized capital amounted to 2,000,000 rubles) and Director of the Company called Karl Winkler in St. Petersburg. Society Volta supplied also the plant Noblessner in Revel / Tallinn.
Europe 1789, 1815, 1914, 1917, 1937. Belarusian, Estonian, Polish and Russian genealogical and historical database


4.
William Lock / Locke, William, the younger (1767-1847), amateur artist, friend of Henry Fuseli; Locke painted historical and allegorical subjects, after 1819 he lived at Rome and Paris (see: Luke Schaub from Neuchatel and Basel - In 1715 he was appointed ambassador to Vienna, finally the Polish Embassy; Paszkowski family in Cracow, Moscow, Rome and Paris also!); leaving one son, William 3rd, and a daughter Elizabeth. Locke, William, the third (1804-1832), captain and amateur artist, published some illustrations to Byron's works. He was drowned in the lake of Como, Italy; married Selina, daughter of Admiral Tollemache; he had daughter, Augusta Selina Locke b. 1833, married:

a. Ernest Lord Burghersh, b. the Duca di San Teodoro / Luigi Caracciolo, Duca di Sant'Arpino and San Teodoro m. 1854, diss. 1876 to Augusta Selina Elizabeth Locke b. 6 June 1833 in Milano, died 1906 at Eaton Square. Sant'Arpino / Sandarpine in the di Caserta in Campania; 14 km north of Napoli, close to Aversa; 18 km south of Capua! c. Thomas de Grey, the present Lord Walsingham / Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham b. 1843 in Stanhope Street, Mayfair, London, d. 1919, was an English politician, 1874 to 1875 he served as a Lord-in-Waiting in the second Conservative government of Benjamin Disraeli.

5.
Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, d. 1871. That was Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802, his sister Sophia. His father Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau was born in 1769 in Lida, Vilna province in Poland, after Major of the Russian army. The son of above mentioned Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802 and died d. 1871, was Stanisław Caunt Pilar von Pilchau owner of Mickuny close to Nowa Wilejka, polonised, but from the Baltic German from Estland and Latvia, married to Zofia Januszewska (from Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera born 1806), she died on 28 Jan 1898, Wilno; her son Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny, next of kin of Feliks Dzierżyński; Helena Joanna Krzywiec born 1864, died on 8 Aug. 1955 in Mickuny; her son Roman Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1894, d. 1937.

6.

a. Magnus Wilhelm / Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau b. 1734 and died 1801 in Jöggis (Jőgisuu), Kullamaa, Läänemaa, Estland was son of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau and Anna Sophia, and this same Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau had children: Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau; Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich, Jakob Johann, Catharina Elisabeth, Reinhold Woldemar. On the other side Duca di San Teodoro / Luigi Caracciolo, Duca di Sant'Arpino and San Teodoro m. 1854, diss. 1876 to Augusta Selina Elizabeth Locke b. 6 June 1833 in Milano; MARIANO, Raffaele / Raphael Mariano / Mariano Mariani, b. in Capua, 1840. The first wife of above Rafael Mariano / Raffaele Mariano was Charlotte Julie Pilar Pilchau / Charlotte Julie Cäcilie Pilar von Pilchau born on January 9, 1847 in Audern; she was sister of Adolf Konstantin Jakob Baron Pilar von Pilchau. Pauline Julie Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau b. 1855 in Audern, daughter of Fredrik Adolf Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau, from Audern and Berta Johanna Carolina Pilar von Pilchau; she was second wife of Rafael Mariano / Raffaele Mariano. She also was sister of Adolf Konstantin Jakob Baron Pilar von Pilchau. This is the branch of Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau and Catharina Helena von Tausas. The same branch: Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau 1767 - 1830 / Yegor Maksimovic Pillar, the Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, Maj.-Gen., from the family of a professional military, his father was retired major of the Polish army - Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau 1734 - 1801. Georg Ludwig (Egor Maksimovich) Pilar von Pilchau b. in Kirna, Türi vald, Järvamaa; but his father Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau b. 1734 and died on November 25, 1801 in Jöggis (Jőgisuu). He was son of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau and Anna Sophia.

b. Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, d. 1871. That was Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802, his sister Sophia. His father Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau was born in 1769 in Lida, Vilna province in Poland, after Major of the Russian army.

The branch of Magnus Fabian:

b1. Brothers of Yegor Maksimovic Pilar: Major Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 (1769?); Engineer Major Jacob Maksimovic / Jakob Johann Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1774; Captain Vladimir Maksimovic / Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau b. 1777.

b2. Above Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau 1767-1830, the Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, Maj.-Gen., his father Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau 1734 - 1801 from Hallik close to Rakvere, Lehtse south-west of Rakvere, Meremőisa close to Keila-Joa, served for the Polish army as Major in 1757. Yegor Maksimovic Pilar has been married to Anna Fyodorovna von Hesse / Johanna Agnetha b. 1779, had three sons and two daughters: Alexander (1804 - 1866), Lieutenant-Captain of the Guards; Nicholas (1815 - 1887) and George (1819 - 1882); Elizabeth 1808, Elena 1811.



Louis Francois Clement Breguet work in the early days of

telegraphy, educated in Switzerland. Louis François Clément Breguet

was a French physicist, "1835 and 1840 he standardized the company product line of watches, ... and diversified into scientific instruments, electrical devices, recording instruments, an electric thermometer, telegraph instruments and electrically synchronized clocks

(Masson, Antoine Philibert and Louis Breguet in 1841 ed. 'Memoire sur l'induction', Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris, 4 (3), p. 129-152; Masson describes the toothed wheels that functioned as an interrupter).

With

Alphonse Foy, in 1842 he developed an electrical needle telegraph to replace the optical telegraph system ... and a later step-by-step telegraph system in 1847 ... manufactured the rotating mirror Fizeau-Foucault apparatus ... and 'spark coil'

(archaically known as an inductorium or Ruhmkorff coil after Heinrich Ruhmkorff)

is a type of electrical transformer used to produce high-voltage pulses ... were widely used in

x-ray machines, spark-gap radio transmitters, arc lighting and quack medical electrotherapy devices from the 1880s to the 1920s ... lighting Geissler tubes ... Tesla coils...".

Alphonse Foy informed Morse that his system would not be accepted in France. He also requested Louis Francois Breguet (b. 1804), grandson of Abraham Louis Breguet to produce an electrical telegraph with needles in France. The resulting Breguet - Foy telegraph used two needles. It was first tried in 1842. In 1842 tests were made with optical telegraph at night. In 1845 test of electrical telegraph was made along the railway route, the Breguet two - needle telegraph, too.

As a result the Breguet equipment was installed in 1845 on the Paris-Rouen route. Breguet replaced his telegraph also called the French telegraph, which was standard equipment on French railways and L. Breguet in 1851 had in Paris a fourth floor added to his building for this work.

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter);
Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others).
Note: Winnie Buller b. in Bacton, Norfolk, receives pilot's license from Breguet School at Douia, France.

In Russia, St Petersburg - Moscow electrical telegraph line was established as the first; in 1853 a line to Kronstadt, 1854 to Warsaw. The Russian state telegraph network of 11000 km was constructed by Siemens - Carl Siemens - in the period 1853 - 1855. 1863 to Tbilisi in Georgia upon the initiative of Grigola Orbeliani, d. 1883. 1860 to Sweden from Russia.

"...The first electromagnetic telegraph created a Russian scientist Paul L. Schilling in 1832. ... Paul Schilling also developed the original code in which each letter of the alphabet corresponded to a specific combination of symbols that might appear with black and white circles on the telegraph ... the electromagnetic telegraph was built in Germany - Carl Gauss and Wilhelm Weber (1833), in the UK - Cooke and Wheatstone (1837), and the U.S. patented electromagnetic telegraph S. Morse in 1837. ... In Russia, the P. L. Schilling continued B. Jacobi, built in 1839 writer telegraph...".
Paul L. Schilling / Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling / Schilling von Kannstadt / Schilling von Cannstatt b. 1786 in Tallinn and died 1837 in St. Petersburg, diplomat, electrical engineer and inventor, the Baltic German origin, who built a pioneering electrical telegraph.


Sir Charles Wheatstone b. 1802, an English scientist and inventor: the stereoscope Playfair cipher for an encryption technique ("...it was used by the militaries of several nations through at least World War I, and is known to have been used during World War II by British intelligence services. It was initially resistant to cryptanalysis...", acc. to Marks, Leo, Between Silk and Cyanide. New York 1998), Wheatstone bridge, telegraph; in 1835 he lectured on the system of Baron Schilling, and the five-needle telegraph was similar to that of Schilling; the Breguet telegraph was similar in many ways to the Wheatstone model. It was simply built and adhered to basic engineering principles.

In 1917, after Russian revolution, cryptographers took the counterrevolution side. Soviet Government used both tsar and revolutionary ciphers. In 1921, a special department was founded by the government, for exploitation of ciphers. Andrei Andreevich Markov gave a classification of ciphers which do not propagate distortions. Aleksandr Osipovich Gelfond investigated the complexity of the discrete logarithm problem. Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (1903‑1987), graduated of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1925, acc. to Valentin A. Nosov.
By 1860 large codes were in common use for diplomatic communications, and cipher systems had become a rarity for this application. The invention of telegraph and radio pushed forward the development of cryptographic protection of telecommunications, acc. to https://www.cryptochallenge.com/home/history.
The British scientist Sir Charles Wheatstone b. 1802, developed the Playfair Code, a table system that was easy to use.
Friedrich W. Kasiski developed a cryptanalysis method in 1863. In 1883, the French teacher and writer Auguste Kerckhoffs set forth six basic requirements of cryptography. He formulated procedures for long-term diplomatic codes. In 1917, the Americans formed the cryptographic organization MI-8, with Herbert Osborne Yardley as the director. The ADFGVX system was put into service by the Germans near the end of World War One. This was a cipher which performed a substitution, fractionation and then transposition of the letter fractions. It was broken by the French cryptanalyst, Lieutenant Georges Painvin.

Acc. to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_cryptography, "Ernst Fetterlein was in the Tzarist Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1896, and solved German, Austrian and British codes. He was eventually made chief cryptographer. ... 1917 he fled to Britain, and was recruited to Room 40 in June 1918 to work on Austrian, Bolshevik, and Georgian codes. The Russians used an overly complicated version of the Vigenere Cipher... The French Army employed Georges Painvin, and Etienne Bazeries..., on German ciphers...".

Acc. to I. I. Rengarten we read on a number of important additional information about the activities of Russian radio intelligence service in fall of 1914. Thus, in early October 1914 at the headquarters of the fleet were found approaches to disclosure of existing German ciphers, and in the second half of November 1914, fully decrypted code 'gamma - alpha', introduced on October 7, 1914, that led to a successful reading of the German fleet ciphers, and were read so well many previously adopted radiograms. The Baltic Fleet initiated the establishment of a special coastal radio station that would resolve problems of intelligence signals, with support and guidance of the Naval General Staff. In February 1915, the Minister of Marine decided to organize the Southern District of the Baltic Sea stations, with three officers (chief radio, 2 assistants) and 50 privates. In the spring of 1915 this station was organized on the southern coast of the Gulf near Cape Shpitgamn. Order of the Commander of the fleet number 308 of March 19, 1915, appointed as chief, Lieutenant P. A. Kolokoltsov. Later, in July 1915, P. A. Kolokoltsov replaced V. P. Przhilentsky / Przylencki, who served in the office until 1917; during February - April 1915 on the radio were appointed Lieutenant D. P. Izmalkov, V. I. Markov, O. O. Proffit and I. M. Yamchenko. According to experts in the field of radio intelligence, the radio station has successfully solved all the tasks assigned to it. It should be noted that in the decryption Bureau, with naval experts also participated representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In July 1915, were appointed Y. Pavlovich / Павлович and Б. Орлов / B. Orlov. And in early 1916, when appeared the first serious problems with deciphering of the German radio messages, caused by the introduction of new ciphers and a new signal book, here was specially sent one of the leading cryptologist E. Fetterleyn, with co-operation of the British radio intelligence service, sharing the most confidential information on signals intelligence and cryptanalysis. A documents suggest about such contacts with specialists of the French decryption service, by the beginning of the campaign in 1915; introduced on March 8, 1915 the new German code gamma - alpha was discovered two days later, a work headed by the radiotelegraphic officer I. I. Rengarten.
Ernst Constantin Fetterlein was born in St Petersburg in 1873 d. 1944, was a Russian cryptographer. The son of Karl Fedorovich Fetterlein, a German-language tutor, and Olga Fetterlein, née Meier. "She was almost certainly Jewish and so Ernst can certainly be counted as of Jewish origin". Above named Karl was a German-language instructor at the Saint Petersburg Military-Judicial Institute and director at the Imperial Public Library ca 1900.

Carl F. Fetterleyn or Karl Fedorovich Fetterlein born 1828 in Riga and died on 16.06.1902 in Gapsal / Haapsalu / Hapsala / Haapsal, Estonia (check Pushkin and von Gernet and Dunkel Baltic German families); was librarian; son of Prussian actor, until 1858 he studied at Tartu University, arriving to St. Petersburg, 1859 began teach at the 1st military Gymnasium / 1st Cadet Corps, to 1878.

The Pavlovsky Military School, since 1880. The friend of Schilder and M. Korf (for collecting materials about the life and reign of Nicholas I), also S. N. Urusov and I. D. Delianov. Actively participated in the work of F. and N. K. Schilder on collecting materials on the reign of Alexander I. He was closest assistant of M. A. Korf; the friend of Vladimir Stasov.
By L. A. Shilov for the National Library of Russia, 2011-2013. Ernst Constantin Fetterlein in 1896 joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and became the chief cryptologist. Ernst was a cryptanalyst under Tsar Nicholas in his 'Black Cabinet' and reached the equivalent rank of admiral. During World War I, he was known as Ernst Popov; he solved German, Austrian and British codes. In 1917, Ernst Constantin Fetterlein fled to Western Europe with his wife on board a Swedish ship. He contacted the British and French intelligence services and on 9 March 1918 a letter to the Director of Naval Intelligence, Rear-Admiral Reginald Hall, the British naval attache in Helsingfors / Helsinki, from Captain W. H. Cromie in Petrograd, described Fetterlein as 'a cipher clerk in the Russian Foreign Office for twenty-five years' who came 'highly recommended'. Fetterlein began work for the British intelligence in June 1918; he was recruited to Room 40 to work on Georgian, Austrian and Bolshevik codes. After the end of World War I, he worked for the Government Code and Cypher School - worked on Soviet Communist traffic; his brother, P. K. Fetterlein, also worked for the Government Code and Cypher School.
See: Victor Madeira, 2004; Ralph Erskine, 2004; Stephen Budiansky, 2000; Michael Smith; Thomas R. Hammant; David Kahn and Budiansky, 2000.
Acc. to: A. V. Sinel'nikov, 'Codes and Russian revolutionaries': By the beginning of the World War I Russia had the strongest in the world decryption service, and some of its employees as a result of all the troubles were after October 1917 in the Entente countries. But we know that in the early 1920s, the Russian section of the British decryption service taken Ernest Fetterleyn, since 1897 leading cryptanalyst for the Committee of tsarist Foreign Ministry, in reading a diplomatic correspondence of hostile states. His superior was V. Sabanin.

A note on the Gernet family from Estland / Estonia:

Natalie Praskowia Rehbinder b. 1796 died 1862, her father Peter Woldemar Rehbinder b. 1757 d. 1823; her husband Alexander August von Gernet b. 1786 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia and died on October 5, 1865 in Lehhola. Lehola is a settlement in Keila Parish, Harju County in northwestern Estonia, 15 km south-west of Harku, and 18 km west of Saku. His father Carl Gustav von Gernet b. 1747 died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia.

Brothers of above Aleksander Gernet: Georg Gustav von Gernet 1780 - 1846, Wilhelm Adolf von Gernet 1792 - 1867, Karl Johann von Gernet 1776 who died on November 8, 1857 in Lauenhof, Podrala, Valdamaa / Valgamaa County, Estland / Estonia.


Son of above Karl Johann Gernet: Karl Jakob Rudolf von Gernet 1826 died April 20, 1912 in Hapsal / Haapsalu, Estonia. His brother: Magnus Friedrich von Gernet 1824 died October 22, 1909 in Reval / Tallinn, Estonia - and his son:
Rudolf Jakob von Gernet was born 1864 and died in 1944.

Sergey Gernet / Сергей Павлович Гернет / Sergei Gernet:

a midshipman in the 1st Baltic Naval Depot. Sergei Pavlovich Gernet born 1859 and d. 1918; his father: Paul Bernhard Friedrich Gernet b. 1819 d. 1860. His son: Eugene S. Gernet b. in Kronstadt on October 31, 1882 d. on August 8, 1943 in Spartacus village, Pavlodar area, Kazakhstan. The captain of the 2nd rank in 1917. During the Russian-Japanese War, in the defense of Port Arthur 1904, during the First World War he served in the Black Sea 1916. Then he served in the Soviet Navy. In 1918 he commanded the squadron in Novorossiisk. Arrested in 1938, he died in exile.
Above Carl's / Karl's children: Frederick Gernet b. 1738 d. 1789, Christian Gernet b. 1740 d. 1819, Carl Gustaf Gernet b. 1747 d. 1812.
And some details of above named Sergei Gernet / Сергей Павлович Гернет born 1859 died 1918, a top member of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company from St Petersburg and Moscow and about his family:

His father Paul Berngard / Пауль Бернгард Фридрихов Гернет / v. Gernet Paul Bernhard b. 1819 d. 1860.

Son of Sergei was born on 31 October 1882 in Kronsztadt / Кронштадт, Evgenii / Евгений died 1943. His grandfather: Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783 died 1857.
And great-grandfather Christian Wilhelm Gernet b. 1740 d. 1819, and his father Carl Gottlieb Gernet b. 1700 d. 1791.

On Carl Gottlieb Gernet b. 1700 d. 1791 (Карл Готлиб Иоахимов Гернет son of Ioachim Georgiev von Gernet / Иоахим Георгиев Гернет b. 1648 d. 1710 and was grandson of Георгий Гернет / Georgij von Gernet);

Karl Gotlib sons: Fridrich / Фридрих Гернет / Eberhard Friedrich von Gernet died 1789, was born on November 26, 1738 in Lehhlola / Lehhola / Lehola in Estonia and died on July 29, 1789 in Ohtel / Ohtu, Estonia (Ohtel / Ohtu - only 3 km south - east of Lehola, near to Keila, and ca 15 / 13 km to Uksnurme);
next son born 1740 Christian Wilhelm / Христиан Вильгельм Гернет died ca 1819, born in Lehhola, Estonia - his sons: 1. Hans Moritz von Gernet born 1775 died 1860 (his son Adam Oskar von Gernet 1834 in Reval - 1908 in Reval - and his son: Moritz Nikolai Oswald von Gernet born 1867 Sallenstad - d. ?) and 2. Otto Heinrich von Gernet (1780 Reval - 1848) and 3. Frederick Wilhelm / Fridrich Wilhelm / Фридрих Вильгельм Гернет born 1783 died 1857;
and next son born in 1747 Karl Gustaw von Gernet / Карл Густав Гернет
(Carl Gustav von Gernet born in Waikna and died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia with son Karl Iogann / Carl Iohan von Gernet - Waikna / Vaikna that is support manor of Koluvere manor, Kullamaa Parish in Läänemaa County; 38 km east of Haapsalu and also east of Kiideva, north-west-north of Parnu, 70 km circa. Note: Jula Dunkel b. 1840, from Ridala Parish, Lääne County, Estonia - her father Kustas Dunkel b. 1814 from Haeska, 7 km east of Kiideva (Gernet) and south-east of Haapsalu, about 23 km west of Vaikna)
died 1812 and his son:
1776 Karl Iogann Gernet / Гернет died 1857 and his son: 1824 Fridrich Magnus / Фридрих Магнус Гернет died 1909; and his son: b. 07 August 1878 Adam Richard Ernst / Адам Рихард Эрнст Гернет died 1944;

about above Adam R. E. Gernet: Cushima 1905, 1910 Nikolaevskaya Morskaya Akademia, 1913 captain 2nd class, 1939 in Germany;
the brother of Carl Gottlieb Gernet b. 1700: Wilhelm Henrich / Вильгельм Генрих Гернет born 1703 died 1772 - his son:

1741 Hristophor / Христофор Вильгельмов Гернет died 1794 - sons of Hristophor:

1782 Reinholdt / Рейнгольд Христофоров Гернет d. 1832 and 1791 Ferdinand / Фердинанд Христофоров died 1852; 1795 Hristophor Hristophorovich / Христофор Христофорович Гернет died 1865 - and his son: 1835 Aleksandr / Александр Христофорович Гернет d. 1893 - and his children: Natalia / Наталья Александровна and Vladymir / Владимир Александрович Гернет b. 1870 d. 1929 - his wife and daughter: Elena Alekseevna Zerebko-Rotmistrenko / Елена Алексеевна b. 1864 d. 1937, daughter b. 1899 in Odessa, Nina Vladymirovna Gernet b. 1899 d. 1982 - about Nina: her son Erik Michailovich Rausch-Gernet / Эрик Рауш - Гернет, her husbands: Michail Sale / Михаил Салье b. 1899 and from 1923 married to Michail Rausch-Traubenberg / Рауш фон Траубенберг b. 1904.

Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin b. 1892, was a Swedish businessman and inventor of encryption machines. Born of Swedish parents in Azerbaijan; father Karl Wilhelm Hagelin worked for Ludvig and Emanuel / Emmanuel Nobel in Baku (Karl Hagelin was closest advisor for Emmanuel, because Wilhelm Hagelin, his father, had been employed by Ludvig Nobel as a manager of the St. Petersburg factory; 1899, Karl Hagelin was called back to St. Petersburg, like Emmanuel's closest technical advisor), and next was an investor in the Arvid Gerhard Damm's company - Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, established to sell rotor machines, acc. to Wikipedia.
See: Smith, Francis O. J., The Secret Corresponding Vocabulary..., ed. in Portland; Shannon, A Mathematical Theory of Communication. Bell System..., ed. in 1948; Damm Arvid G., Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, ed. 1922; Boris C. W. Hagelin became first a director and later the owner of the Cryptograph Company, next the Cryptographe Technik and then the Crypto A. G. in the 1960s.
Crypto AG is a Swiss company specialising in communications and information security. With headquarters in Steinhausen ... Crypto AG was established in Bern by Russian-born Swede, Boris Hagelin. Originally called AB Cryptoteknik and founded by Arvid Gerhard Damm in Stockholm in 1920, the firm manufactured the C-36 mechanical cryptograph machine that Damm had patented.
After Damm's death ... Cryptoteknik came under the control of Boris Hagelin, an early investor (1921, Boris Hagelin developed his first cipher machine whilst working for crypto-company Damm in Sweden; 1935 he produced a fully mechanical machine under his own brand name A. B. Ingeniorsfirman Teknik in Sweden).
It was the first of a long line of mechanical cipher machines. Shortly before WWII, he developed the M-209 for the American Army. After the war the company moved to Switzerland where they traded as Hagelin Cryptos. Acc. to: http://www.cryptomuseum.com/crypto/hagelin/), and during the War essentially operated in the United States ... In the early 1950s, it was transferred from Stockholm to Zug (close to Luzern / Lucerna) ... and was incorporated in Switzerland in 1952. Crypto AG has a sister company, InfoGuard AG (InfoGuard AG, a member of 'The Crypto Group', has specialised in providing comprehensive information security for more than 130 countries), acc. to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crypto_AG.
Boris Hagelin had created the 'Hagelin-machine', a encryption device similar to the German 'Enigma' (Charles Babbage, b. 1791, an English polymath, had recommendations from James Ivory and John Playfair, achieved notable results in cryptography, 1850s Babbage broke Vigenere's autokey cipher; Friedrich Kasiski, a Prussian infantry officer, made the same discovery some years later. The Enigma was an electro-mechanical rotor cypher machine used for both encryption and decryption, from the early 1920s on. Enigma was developed by Arthur Scherbius dating back to 1919. Enigma-A was offered for sale in 1923. The Swedish textile engineer Arvid Gerhard Damm, used his experience gained with Jacquard weaving machines for construction of an automatic ciphering machine and applied for a patent in 1919 for his rotory system.

But Rintu Nath, 'Dream 2047', June 2013, vol. 15, No 9, A chronicle of cryptography:
In 1918, the German inventor Arthur Scherbius and his close friend Richard Ritter developed a cryptographic machine called Enigma. Scherbius patented his cipher machine in 1918. Enigma was contained in a compact box measuring only 13,5 - 11 - 6 inches. Encryption using Enigma was based on polyalphabetic substitution method. Security of the encrypted message was based on the secret key.

1921, Boris Hagelin bringing support from the Swedish Nobel family, "...improved the cryptograph and in 1925 succeeded in getting the Swedish Army to use his Swedish product, the new prototype B-21, instead of the German Enigma". 1927 Hagelin became the owner of Aktiebologat Cryptograph. "...The B-21 had a lamp field similar to that in Enigma. In a new compact version, the C-35, the lamp field was replaced by a printer, which produced the ciphered text at a speed of three letters per second. To improve the operating comfort, the C-35 was connected to an electric typewriter, which the U.S. company Remington had just introduced. The C-35, as small as a telephone, became very successful. More than 5000 units were sold...". Hagelin in Switzerland, where in 1948 he founded Crypto AG in Zug, during the Cold War produced a ciphering unit, the TC-52, used for the red telephone line between the White House and Moscow).

The Hagelin machine was used on the side of the Allies in World War II. These included the Vatican, as well the governments of Iraq, Iran, and Libya. ... Acc. to: J. Orlin Grabbe - copyright in 1997 under J. Orlin Grabbe at web page: http://orlingrabbe.com. By Wayne Madsen, Covert Action Quarterly 63, 30 Jan 1999: "...For decades, the US has routinely intercepted and deciphered top secret encrypted messages of 120 countries. These nations had bought the world's most sophisticated and supposedly secure commercial encryption technology from Crypto AG, a Swiss company ... All the while, because of a secret agreement between the National Security Agency (NSA) and Crypto AG, they might as well have been hand delivering the message to Washington. ... The cover shielding the NSA-Crypto AG relationship was torn in March 1992...".
A. G. Damm edited the first a brochure in April 1917, he was the founder of the Company in 1916 (or 1915 by Boris Hagelin), with Wahlberg as the A. B. Cryptograph. See: General Cartier, Francois, Secrecy in Radiotelegraphy.

Estonians were also active on radio-intelligence before the Second World War. Olev Őun was a phenomenal decipherer, "...and had managed to break the latest code of the Red Army during the Polish campaign in September 1939. Unfortunately, no materials are available to support or argue the words of that high-ranking Finnish intelligence officer ... German military attache in Tallinn, Colonel Horst Rsing, evaluated the Estonian radio-intelligence against the Soviet Union as more successful than the Finnish one ... Andres Kalmus was a highly competent technical expert in radio intelligence, while Olev Őun was a talented Estonian cryptanalyst".
Arne Carl-August Beurling, b. 1905, was a Swedish mathematician and professor of mathematics at Uppsala University. "...In the summer of 1940 he single-handedly deciphered and reverse-engineered an early version of the Siemens and Halske T52 also known as the Geheimfernschreiber (secret teletypewriter) used by Nazi Germany in World War II for sending ciphered messages ... Beurling's great - grandfather was Per Henric Beurling b. 1758 / 1763, died in 1806, who founded a high quality clock factory in Stockholm in 1783". See: Lars Ulfving, The Geheimschreiber Secret. Arne Beurling and the success of Swedish signals intelligence, edited by Bo Hugemark, Probus Förlag, Stockholm 1992.
"...Swedish intelligence services in the modern sense of the word had indeed been already established in the beginning of this century. The armed forces intelligence service had increased in 1905, during the Union crises, and in the First World War. The General Staff and Naval Staff of that time both had their own signals intelligence and cryptographic units. ... The first successful attempts to break foreign cipher traffic were made in spring 1933, when they succeeded in breaking the cipher then used by the OGPU (later the KGB). These breaks into foreign military ciphers were probably the first to be made in Sweden after the First World War".

Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin b. 1892 in Adzhikent, the Elizavetpol province, now Azerbaijan, was Swedish entrepreneur, inventor of encryption devices. Developer electromechanical encryption units, (rotary machines) of Arvid Damm and mechanical cipher machines.

Founder of the Swiss company Crypto AG / Crypto A. G., which specializes in information and telecommunications security.
Above named the Elizavetpol Province / Yelizavetpol quberniya, and above Ganja / Gənce, 1804 to 1918 was called Yelizavetpol, 1935 renamed Kirovabads.
His father, Carl Wilhelm Hagelin worked as a manager in an oil company in Baku Nobel. 1899, Carl Hagelin was appointed director and moved with his family to St. Petersburg. 1915, Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin began his career in Vasteras in the Swedish electrical company ASEA, supplier of equipment for the Nobels.

Being interested in the encryption business correspondence, Carl Wilhelm Hagelin and Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel were an investors of the AB Cryptograph Company, in the production cipher machines developed Arvid Damm, like a rotary machine Electrocryptograph B-1. Boris Hagelin in 1922 was appointed to represent their interests in the company. 1925 when Damme moved to Paris to collaborate with the telegraph companies (Breguet-Brown), Boris Hagelin headed the firm.
After the death of Arvid Damm in 1927 and the death of Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 died in 1932 - a nephew of Alfred Nobel, control of the company passed to Hagelin. In 1934, the French General Staff began to develop a pocket Hagelin cipher machine.

Acc. to: http://www.branobelhistory.com/ under copyright by The Centre for Business History in Stockholm and branobelhistory.com, we read:

"...Karl Wilhelm also known as Karl Vasilievitj Hagelin was born in St. Petersburg in 1860. His parents Wilhelm Hagelin (1828-1901) and Anna Lovisa Eriksdotter (1818–1870) ... In 1861, the family moved to the Volga where his father worked for a period as a second engineer on passenger boats and towboats. ... In autumn 1870, he started at the Givochini boarding school in Nizhny Novgorod ... In 1875, thanks to a recommendation from family friend A. I. Sandström, he was accepted into the design workshop at the shipbuilding factory belonging to D. P. Shipov in Kostroma. He received his first real assignment working on the designs for a motorboat, ... and two smaller steamers ... he was employed as a mechanic at the Kaukaz & Mercury shipping company in Astrakhan, where he worked on preparing boats ... he met two Swedes, N. Qvarnström and master mechanic Westvall, with whose recommendation he was able to secure employment as a mechanic in the instrument workshop at the Nobel paraffin factory in Baku. Hagelin’s first working day at Robert Nobel's factory was on 4 April 1879. ... During his initial period in Baku (1879-1883), Wilhelm ... assisted chemist E. Tell ... When engineer Alfred Törnqvist returned from his trip to the USA and started setting up a new paraffin factory, Hagelin was given a job as a draughtsman. ... he decided to apply to the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. In order to pass the entrance exams, he took private lessons from engineer A. B. Lambert in mathematics, physics and chemistry. After two years in Sweden, he wrote to Branobel's managing director, J.G. Crusell, explaining his desire to return to Russia and take up his position again. ... Ludvig Nobel invited Hagelin to St. Petersburg. Wilhelm was given a post in the technical laboratory where he experimented with chemical processes for production of light oil fractions. ... In 1891, he was first promoted to technical director and then office manager in Baku. ... In 1900, he was recalled to St. Petersburg to replace M. J. Belyamin as the company's chairman of the board ... In 1906, he was appointed Swedish consul general in St. Petersburg (1906-1911). ... In spring 1917, Hagelin travelled to Baku, continuing onboard the K.W. Hagelin motorboat to Astrakhan ... Wilhelm left Russia and spent a year abroad, but in July 1918 he was back for a shorter visit ... The remaining directors M. Belyamin, G. Nobel and A. Belonozhkin tried at numerous meetings to solve the burning issue of how the company's trading rights and authority could be protected. Hagelin's last attempt to enter Russia via Constantinople failed and on 3 July 1920 he was forced to return to Stockholm. ...

he, together with Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859, joined the Aktiebolaget Cryptograph company under the management of Arvid Gerhard Damm (where Wilhelm's son, Boris Hagelin, also worked for a time).

In 1923, Karl Wilhelm Hagelin was elected as an honorary member of the Swedish Society of Engineers...".

Acc. to: Boris Hagelin, The Story of the Hagelin-Cryptos, Zug 1981.

Boris Hagelin was born in 1892, in Adschikent, a small summer resort. His father was a Swede, who had been born in St Petersburg in 1860. He was manager of the Nobel Company's oil fields in Baku. He had joined the company in 1879, director in 1899. Boris was living in St Petersburg 1899 to 1904. His first job, the supervision of the construction of an electric power station on one of the Nobel oil fields in Baku. Nobels had ordered the equipment from ASEA in Vastraos.
"...Emanuel Nobel was very generous towards me and financed the establishing of a small engineering office in Stockholm. During my stay in the USA I had acquired some inventions, which I developed which made me financially independent. The decisive turning point in my life came, however, when Emanuel Nobel entrusted me with the supervision of a small company which he had begun to finance in 1921 - the A.B. Cryptograph. This company was founded in 1915 with the objective to develop and manufacture ciphering machines invented by the Swedish engineer A. G. Damm. In 1925 I assumed the management of the company as well as the development of saleable products. This was a fascinating task although I did not have any knowledge of cryptography. Mr. A. G. Damm died in 1927. In 1932 the A. B. Cryptograph was liquidated and replaced by the A.B. Cryptoteknik. A.B. Cryptoteknik manufactured only mechanical and electro mechanical ciphering machines. After World War II the need for ciphered telegraph transmission became obvious. In order to be able to work without the interference of the Swedish Government - ciphering machines were at that time considered war material - I decided to move to Zug, Switzerland. I first collaborated with the Swiss inventor Dr. E. Gretener, but later established a small independent laboratory. CRYPTO AG was in corporated on May 13, 1952, and had at first just one employee. My Swedish activities were transferred to CRYPTO AG, and since the name 'Hagelin Cryptos' had already become well known before i World War II the enterprise grew so fast that in 1966 a new manufacturing and administration building was built in Zug - Steinhausen".
Damm also constructed purely mechanical machine which printed both the plaintext and the ciphertext. Four of these machines were sold to Japan. Finally Damm invented a system with rotors, i.e., alphabet permutating wheels. The best-known machine using rotors was the German ENIGMA.
Damm aimed to interest the large telegraph companies in his machine. After 1921, Damm's interests in cipher machines were concentrated in the field of radio telegraphy: Marconi, Telefunken, TSF and Western Union.

Piotr Wodziński, a year ago (2011, Merkuryusz), after reading the 'three very interesting books' published an article 'Not only Enigma', wrote Mariasz in March 2012 at http://mariasz.salon24.pl/397497.
"These books are: Chapman, 'Japan in Poland's Secret Neighbourhood War', Ken Kotani, 'Japanese Intelligence in World War II', McCay, Bengt Beckman, 'Swedish Signal Intelligence'.
The thing applies to the pre-war and wartime cooperation of the Japanese, Polish, Finnish, Estonian and Swedish intelligence. Directed against the Soviets. In this cooperation, information obtained from radio intelligence played a key role".
See: http://merkuryusz.com/nr_09.html - "...The secret protocol of the Ribbentrop - Molotov Pact and the Soviet preparations for the invasion were not - for the Polish secret services - any secret. Could not be. A specialized publications of Japan report that the imperial SIGNIT broken in June 1939, the 4-digit code of the Soviet army, 4 digit code of border guard and 3-digit code of Air Force. Soviets changed their Army codes after the Battle of Nomonhan ... as the Battle of Chalchyngol, after September 16 , 1939, implemented the new five-digit code OK40, which, however, already in September 1939 was broken by the Estonian secret services. ... the Polish radio-intelligence was a part of a very effective anti-Soviet network - exchange information on a mass scale with the services of the Japanese, Estonian, Finnish and Swedish ... What's more, our radio-intelligence was regarded as the best part of this network. This surely, we were learning Japanese ... (after September 1939 two of our cryptographers has been employed by the Japanese services and worked during the war in Tokyo). When the Swedes turned out about technical assistance to the Estonians, they directed their to our secret services, pointing that they are the most professional...".
See : http://konstantynowicz.info/17_wrzesnia_1939_agresja_sowiecka/tajny_zalacznik_pakt_ribbentrop_molotow_23_sierpnia_1939/index.html

Arvid Gerhard Damm d. 1927, was a Swedish engineer and inventor. He designed a number of cipher machines. Damm was originally a textile engineer, and worked as an engineering manager in a textile factory in Finland.

Edward Hugh Hebern b. 1869, was an early inventor of rotor machines, devices for encryption. Acc. to 'On the history of cryptography in Russia', by N. N. Tokareva, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics: P. L. Shilling, and V. I. Krivosh-Nemanich, were the first in cryptography and cryptanalysis in history of Russia.

Vladimir Ivanovich (Кривош-Неманич) Krivoch Niemanich / Nemanjic b. 1865, polyglot and cryptographer, thanks to the knowledge of many languages, was enrolled in the University of St. Petersburg in 1886, he studied at the Sorbonne, served as an interpreter for the Admiralty, was sent to Paris to study foreign experience in matters of censorship; until 1911 he worked in the Special Naval General Staff of the paperwork for the management agents; he became the first Russian cryptographer, learn more in France at that time; after the February Revolution in 1917 returned to St. Petersburg, makes notes for Lenin himself; Lenin ordered to enroll Krivoch Niemanich in the newly created People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, to translate (look for the Nieciejewski family from the Berezina parish); he was arrested on charges of bribery of nobles for missing abroad and spent six months in prison, but back to work as a translator for Military control - then known as intelligence and counterintelligence of Bolsheviks under the control of the former Tsarist General M. Bonch - Bruevich;
after the revolution, he collaborated with Soviet cryptographic service, was again arrested but next release and was working for a new counterintelligence; died 1942 in Ufa.



The main events in the history of the Russian telegraph:

W. Siemens established company 'Trading house of Siemens and Halske' in St. Petersburg for repair and construction empire Russian telegraphs, in 1853. 1870 the Russian army started building the military telegraph parks. 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878. L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA. 1904, Captain 2nd Rank A. A. Remmert appointed head of business wireless telegraphy in the Marine Department. The Telefunken, JSC Russian Electrotechnical plants 'Siemens and Halske' and A. S. Popov agreed on the establishment in St. Petersburg 'Branch for wireless telegraphy system'. 1905, Naval Department made a contract with JSC Russian electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske' for delivery to the Navy 24 stations of the 'Telefunken'. Open the radio station in Revel, 1913. 1915, L. E. Gabrilovich established in Petrograd, the Universal Russian company of radio - telegraph, radio - telephone and electric devices (VRKR). 1916, stopped activity of JSC Russian electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1917 April, 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', DEKA, now as 'акционерное общество Заводов электромеханических сооружений'.

Acc. to: T. V. Alekseev, ed. 2010:
In the first of these stages, which lasted until the beginning of the 1890s, created small workshops for repair and installation works, as well as the production of simple parts. The priority of this case belonged to the German entrepreneur V. Siemens who in 1853 founded in the Russian capital firm called 'Trading House of Siemens and Halske' were performed under a government orders a series of telegraph lines. The Russian government to conclude a long-term contract with the company for the construction of new telegraph communication lines, and the company itself became known as a company for 'building and repairing the Imperial Russian Telegraph'. At the beginning of 1868 in private house on the 1st line of Vasilievsky island in St. Petersburg opened a mechanical workshop, for co-production of the telegraphs. Mechanic N. K. Geisler in 1874 in his apartment opened small electromechanical workshop; here was repairing telegraph 'Belle Black' and also master L. H. Josef in 1884 start to produce a small - wire switches. The second stage of the formation of the electrical industry in St. Petersburg was due to the introduction of the new customs tariff in 1891. First in a series of these enterprises, was 'Siemens and Halske'; N. K. Geisler in the mid of 1890s sets of commercial communication with the American company 'Western Electric' building in 1895 - 1896 in St. Petersburg a Branch of the Western Electric - telephone and telegraph plant. In 1896, a new venture 'electro-mechanical plant of N. K. Geisler and Co'; it was already employs 100 workers after a contract from January 5, 1897 between Geisler and the American company. In the capital of the Russian Empire there was 'a large triple enterprises': Siemens and Halske, Geisler and L. M. Erickson, determined by the position on the market of wired and later radio communications.

In November 1892 established 'general partnership' of the Dyuflon and Constantinovich to 'use of electricity and mechanics to industry, to the railway, military, naval and aeronautical affairs and the private use'.

Its founders became a Swiss citizens Dyuflon, and J. Dizeren and also

engineer Apollon V. Konstantynowicz, who acted as representatives of the interests of two French companies: Sotter, Harle and Co (electrical machinery, dynamos, motors)

and

'E. Gabrielle and N. Angenolt' / 'Е. Габриель и Н. Ангенольт' (incandescent lamps).

Production activities based in St. Petersburg workshop and imported from France.

At the end of 1895 on the island in St. Petersburg land has been purchased, on December 14, 1896 has opened a new plant, electromechanical plant of facilities.

In 1897, for the purpose of capital expansion general partnership was converted into a limited partnership 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co'.
It should be noted that founded in 1899 'Telephone ... plant of K. Lorenz', proprietor was a German citizen O. V. Treplin. In 1900, the industrial crisis has pushed the idea of ​​corporatization and owners made an association like Dyuflon, Constantinovich and Co.

In September 1901 the general meeting of shareholders of the new company, approved its name 'Joint Stock Company of Electromechanical installations', the former partnership of Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co, as well as the size of the authorized capital in the amount of 750 thousand rubles.

The cooperation 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company with security agencies, primarily by the Ministry of the Sea, in terms of delivery of products for radio-military industry began in 1912,

and in June of this year also as a result of fire damage of electromechanical Plant company N. N. Glebov and Co, located in St. Petersburg, had started contracts with the Maritime Office on delivery of dynamos for radio stations. Shareholders decided not to rebuild the plant and the stock company transfered orders to the 'Electromechanical installations' - Duflon and Konstantynowicz.
In the company of Glebov head of the test station was electrical engineer V. P. Vologdin. He signed in April 1912 contract with the captain of the port of Kronstadt to make a machine for high frequency power. After a fire at the plant Glebov, Vologdin passes in the 'AO electro-mechanical installations', where he became chief of the technical office.

Since then, the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz transformed into a supplier of the main generators of naval power stations that immediately affected the results of its production and financial activities.

Besides, to expand the range of equipment for military radio, management begins with 1912 active search for foreign partners for the organization and production activities in this market.

In July 1912 it acquired the right of representation of the French company 'Compagnie Generale Radiotelegraphique', CGR and offered military and maritime authorities a number of products of this company.


Espionage and intelligence in Russia 1772, 1914, 1917, 1937, 1989.


On April 23, 1913 the 'Electromechanical installations' - ex-Duflon and Konstantynowicz - signed an agreement on cooperation with the French radio company 'Societe Francaise Radio-Electrique', SFR. The Duflon and Konstantynowicz / 'AO Electromechanical structures' becomes 'the sole representative of this company to operate its wireless telegraphy apparatus produced in Russia', and in the same 1913 proceeds to own wireless telegraphy equipment workshops.

The Board of 'Electromechanical facilities', expand the range of equipment for military and naval authorities on the dynamo engines, dynamo - electric power and other equipment, in the spring of 1915 commissioned a new factory building. And in the summer of 1915 again petitioned to the mayor of Petrograd on the construction of two new buildings.



The father of Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling /
Schilling von Kannstadt / Schilling von Cannstatt
- Louis Joseph Ferdinand Schilling was a lieutenant or colonel in the Russian army. His sister married in 1780 by Christoph Count Benkendorf / Benckendorf / von Benckendorff. The grandfather, Karl Friedrich, Baron Schilling von Cannstatt.

Anna Juliane von Benckendorff (under copyright by geni.com, Freiin Schilling von Canstadt) b. ca 1746; her husband Christoph Ivanovich von Benckendorff b. 1749 and her sons: Alexander Konstantin Karl Wilhelm Christoph Christophorowich Graf von Benckendorff (b. 1781 / 1782 - died 1844, Russia's military commander, General of Cavalry, chief of police, Chief of III separation Office 1826 - 1844; brother of Constantine Benckendorff and Dorothea Lieven) and Konstantin Christophorowitsch Graf von Benckendorff b. 1785; and her granddaughter - Sophia von Benckendorff b. 1825; her father Karl Friedrich Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1697, and grandfather Ludwig Friedrich Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1654; her brother Ludwig Joseph Ferdinand Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1753, who has son Paul Ludwig Schilling von Canstadt b. 1786 - d. 1837 (Emperor Nicholas visited him to ask to see the telegraph experiments, he presented his telegraph in 1833 in Berlin; 1835, he again traveled to Western Europe).

In 1835, Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling introduced his needle telegraph. "...In Germany and Russia, where in 1837 he had suggested concrete telegraphic transmission lines, his ideas were largely ignored" but Tsar Nicholas I decreed on 19 May 1837 the construction of a 30 km stretch of electrically operated telegraph line from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo, which was not realized because Schillings death.
History and genealogy of the Constantinovich family with relatives in Estonia: Saue, Ohtu, Harku, Nomme, Saku, Uksnurme, Lehola, Tallinn and the Harjumaa district: Troubetzkoy, Sedykh from Kazan, Gernet from Estonia. The Baltic German families in Estonia: Schilling von Cannstatt / Schilling von Canstatt /  Schilling von Canstadt, von Gernet, Rehbinder, Toll, Croy, Weiss.
Note at margin:
Schilling von Cannstatt / Schilling von Canstatt / Schilling von Canstadt: Julius Karl Otto Baron von Schilling b. 1831 in Orgena / Orina, Järva - Jaani - south-west of Rakvere, Järvamaa in Estonia; his wife Elsbeth von Benckendorff Lowenwolde born 1843 Varrangu - south-west of Rakvere, and her father was Gustav Hermann Christoph von Benckendorff b. 1815 in Gilsenhof / Kiltsi, Väike-Maarja vald - south of Rakvere, Lääne-Virumaa, Estland. Her grandfather Paul Friedrich von Benckendorff b. 1784 and great - grandfather Hermann Johann von Benckendorff b. 1751 from Wiborg (Viiburi, Выборг / Vőborg, Viipuri, Viborg), Karjala-Soome / Karelia.

Georg Wolther Baron von Schilling b. 1834 in Orgena, Järva-Jaani, Estonia. The noble Schillings / Schilling family moved to Estonia / Estland from Courland (Kurland). Karl Gebhard von Schilling began his service in the Russian army, married to Helene Charlotte von Römer of Müüsleri / Seinigal and Orina / Orgena - 2 km north-east of Jarva-Jaani (Orina, Järva-Jaani vald / Ярва-Яаани, Ярвамаа, Эстония). See: http://www.balticconnections.net/ Müüsleri (Seinigal by German) is a village in the rural community Kareda - ca 80 km east-south of Saku, close to Jarva-Jaani.
Pauline Amalie Sophie von Schilling b. 1806 in Reval / Tallinn, Estland / Eesti, her mother Anna Juliane von Rosen b. 1770.
Major-General of the gendarmerie
(counterintelligence and being the successor in office of Benkendorf; General Dubelt / Dubbelt, Staff Commander of the Corps of Gendarmes 1835-1856)
Leonti V. Dubbelt / von Dubelt was owner of the factory Kuvshinovo, Tver region; he enjoyed high confidence and patronage of the king. Von Dubelt, Leonti Vasilyevich / Leonti Wassiljewitsch Dubelt (b. 1792 died 1862), born into a family of Vasily Ivanovich Dubbelt by his wife - Mary Grigorievna Shperter vel Medina Celli, Princess;
his brother Peter, Colonel.
Von Dubelt is the German noble family from Livonia since the beginning of the 18th century.
Ivan Dubbelt entered the Russian service. His sons, Vasily and Mikhail Dubbelt.
Above Leonti V. Dubbelt married Anna Nikolaevna Persian nee Mordvinov in 1818.
In marriage, had two sons:
Nicholas / Nikolai (1819-1874)
and Michail / Michael (1822-1900).
Michael Leontievich Dubbelt or Dubelt was Lieutenant-General (1897). Dubbelt / Dubelt Michael or Michail Leontievich who was born February 8, 1822 in Kiev, Russian cavalry Major General, he was commandant of the Tiflis Alexandropol / Aleksandrapol fortress 1887-1890. His first wife Nataly / Natalia Puszkin / Natalja Aleksandrovna Pushkin since 1853, born May 23 / 4 Jun 1836 in St. Petersburg, was the daughter of Alexander Pushkin, poet. This son - M. Dubelt in 1860, lost above named Kuvshinovo factory in gambler to hands of Peter Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1826 died 1880, the leader of the provincial nobility.

Prince Troubetzkoy in 1869 sold it to Michael Gavrilovich Kuvshinov; his father Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804 and his grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy / Trubetskoy born 1760: daughter of Alexander Gruzinsky - Princess Darejan or Daria Aleksandrovna Gruzinskaya died 1796, was married to Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy / Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj (1760-1817) with four children, including Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy (29 August 1790 - 22 November 1860) who was one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement and was a freemason.

Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin b. May 26 / 6 June 1799 in Moscow, Russian poet; his paternal grandfather, Leo / Lev A. Pushkin was artillery colonel; father - Sergei L. Pushkin (1767-1848), a Pushkin's mother was a granddaughter of Hannibal. Brother of the poet - Lew vel Lev born 1805.
Nikolai Leontievich / Nicholas (1819-1874) was also Lieutenant-General (1864), commander 1852 - 1856 Belarusian Hussar Regiment.
Brother of Leonti Vasilievich - Peter V. Dubbelt (born 1794 in Mogilev, Belarus now), the Adjutant in 1822-26 of General N. N. Rajewski.
A cousin of Leonti Vasilievich - Ivan M. Dubbelt (born 1805, Riga), served in the Estonian Jaeger Regiment, took part in suppressing the Polish uprising of 1863-64.
His son Evgenii / Eugene I. Dubbelt, served from 1861 in Tiflis / Tbilisi.
The Uzkoje  estate that was otherwise Uzkoje village, situated 15,5 km S-W-S of  Moscow core in  the suburbs of the capital i.e. 9 km from boundary of urban housing in 1917, and there are nowadays Litovskij bulvar Str. and Jasnogorskaja Str. near by Vitcevskij forest and also Tschertanovka river.


Boris Siemionovich Jacobi / Moritz Hermann von Jacobi b. 1801 died 1874, St. Petersburg, invented a number of instruments for measuring the electrical resistance - voltagometrom.
In 1895 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrated the device, detector, which was designed to record radio waves generated by the storm front - first radio receiver suitable for the implementation of wireless telegraphy. In 1899, "Popov has designed an improved version of the receiver of electromagnetic waves, where the reception of signals - Morse code - was carried out on the headphones operator - radio operator".


Watch maker, William Brown was dad of Edward Brown, born abt 1819. He was a watch maker, too. Elizabeth Brown maybe was a wife.

On the Clerkenwell district in London:

Izydor Jakub Gudak / Isadore Jacob Gudak / Irving John Good / I. J. or Jack Good b. 1916, a British mathematician who worked as a cryptologist at Bletchley Park with Alan Turing; from a Polish-Jewish family in London. His father Mosheh Oyved / Morris Edward Good or Moshe Oved alias Edward Good b. in Poland in 1885 - 1958, was a watchmaker, artist, sculptor (also from Jacob Epstein and Ben Uri; friend of John Ringling), the owner of a jewelry shop (Cameo Corner in Museum Street near the British Museum; on cameos, antique watches and clocks; Jewish ritual objects), poet, Zionist and the founder of the Ben Uri Society / Ben Uri Gallery / Museum in London, a Yiddish writer, a dealer in antique jewellery. He learnt the trade of a watches ca 1900, but in 1902 or 1903 emigrated to England. Mother Sophia Polikoff. Mosheh Oved / Moshe Gudak in London set up an antique jewellery shop. Sophia Polikoff was born in Russia and came to London at age eight with her parents. Morris and Sophia met in London. The Cameo Corner was founded in 1908 in New Oxford Street (No 1, close to Kingsway Str., and ca 1700 meters to west-south-west of Clerkenwell in London, by the Theobalds Road to the west) by Moshe Oved and in 1939 moved to its permanent home in Museum Street, Bloomsbury (1200 to 1400 meters to the west of Clerkenwell). Cameo Corner was the principal centre for the sale of jewellery in London for the first half of the twentieth century.

In 1902, Vladimir Lenin moved the publication of the Iskra (Spark, issues 22 to 38) to London at 37a Clerkenwell Green. At that time Vladimir Lenin resided on Percy Circus, less than half a mile north of Clerkenwell Green. In 1903 the newspaper was moved to Geneva. Lenin and Stalin met in the Crown and Anchor pub (The Crown Tavern, 50 m east of Lenin 'Iskra') in 1903. But at this time people from 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company and around the Armand family were involved in 'left' activity:
Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling who elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918; Brilling i.e. Briling, b. 1876, Russian and Soviet expert of aeroengines after completion of the Moscow Polytechnic, twice under arrest due to distribution of Lenin's 'Iskra', 1907 doctor in field of engines.
At least of 10 December 1908 Inessa Armand wanted to attend the First All-Russian Women's Congress in St Petersburg with her sister-in-law, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz / Константинович. Inessa was lover of Lenin since 1909 or 1910, but according to 'Correspondence of Lenin and ... organizations. 1903-1905 years', Volume 3, the first book, we know that Lenin sent a cliche of 'Iskra' / 'Sparks' at Dyuflon / the Duflon office address in Yekaterinburg (p. 332, here also name of Konstantynowicz!) in 1903.
"Inessa Armand. Revolutionary and Feminist" by R. C. Elwood, p.74 - Inessa was on her honeymoon with Lenin who showed up in Copenhagen without his wife Krupska. Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich / Константинович, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910.

The last of the Breguets, "... looked around for someone suitable to make a partner and continue the Firm after his time. He knew a first-class mechanician in Clerkenwell named Edward Brown, who was induced to go to Paris to look after the factory. Eventually he became a partner, and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm. Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired, ... 1920. Thus Monsieur Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm ... The general information I have gained by consulting certain books such as ... Mr. Hull, of the Firm of Messrs. Le Roy, in London, Mr. Henry Brown ... and his son, Mr. George Brown... Mr. Desoutter, of London, who has made a life- long study of Breguet's work...", acc. to THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES, ,BREGUET 1747 - 1823', BY SIR DAVID LIONEL SALOMONS.
The Brown family and others in Clerkenwell:
James Brown, at 24, Noble-street (south-east, ca 1200 m from Lenin 'Iskra'), Clerkenwell (Barbican) in 1828, and at 3, Newcastle place, Clerkenwell-close (900 m south of Lenin 'Iskra'). The Baume Brothers, Importers of Geneva Watches, at 9, Ashley street, Northampton square, Clerkenwell, and at Aux Bois, Canton of Berne, Switzerland. BROWN Sophia b. 1859 in Clerkenwell, London, parent James Brown.

Antoine-Louis Breguet drove the prestigious business into bankruptcy. "His son, Louis-Clement Breguet, eventually took over. He invented the first electric clocks but decided to leave and concentrate on electric telegraphs and telecommunications. The business was sold to the English watchmaker, Edward Brown".


In 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to
Edward Brown; he collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel,
and he met
Alexander Graham Bell
and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market.

He had one son

Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of

Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.

The great-grandson of Louis François Clément Breguet:
Louis Antoine b. 1851 d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business.

So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century. By Michael Weare at http://clicktempus.com/turning-points-in-time-breguet: under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his

two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.

Thus Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of

'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets. The complicated watches were built by the

Joux Valley's leading watchmakers

including the Victorin Piguet workshops.

1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France, acc. to http://dssmhi1.fas.harvard.edu/emuseumdev/
Address: 1881 at 81, boulevard Montparnasse in Paris, next at rue Didot in Paris, and after 1898 in Douai.
Louis Charles Bréguet, 1880 - 1955, was a famous French aviator, airplane designer, and industrialist, engineer, pilot, acc. to http://perso.wanadoo.fr. Louis Charles Breguet, his great-grandfather Abraham Louis Breguet. In 1905, Louis, his brother Jacques and Charles Robert Richet began construction of a gyroplane - prototype helicopter. 1907 the prototype made its first vertical take-off the pilot to a height of 50 cm. In 1905, he received an engineering degree, and the brothers began working in the family business for the production of electric motors and dynamos machines. Louis Clement decided to switch to the telegraph and communications.

Antoine Louis Breguet, Ecole Polytechnique, specialist of an electric motors, led the Breguet House, rue Didot; died very young, when Louis was only two years. Louis Breguet, an engineer at the Douai plant of Breguet House, interested in flying machines, assisted by Professor Charles Richet, a friend of his father, and by his brother Jacques, born in 1882; he went to work at the electrical engineering firm of his father, chief engineer of the Breguet House; in 1909, he learned to fly himself, acc. to: http://www.mae.ncsu.edu. In 1905 he was working gyroplane on a project.


Above named

Louis Charles Breguet b. 1880 in Paris died 1955,

was a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers. In 1902, Louis married Nelly Girardet, the daughter of

painter Eugene Girardet.

In 1905, with his brother Jacques, and Charles Richet, he began work on a

gyroplane / helicopter. In 1912, Breguet constructed his first hydroplane.
Louis-Clement's grandsons,

Louis and Jacques Breguet

were France's aircraft pioneers, from the 1917 'Breguet 14' fighter-bomber helped turn the tide of war on the western front. Louis Breguet was one of the co-founders of Air France in 1933.
Engineer Louis Franzevich Dyuflon / L. Duflon, a Swiss 'Breguet' Company representative (he was very young, only aged 23), was Stefan Drzewiecki friend (the Polish family from the Volhynia government), and circa 1884 was searching of the structure of a dromoskop. Dyuflon sometimes was invited to have breakfast with Drzewiecki. Drzewiecki (Drzewiecki Stephane lived after in France: 5, rue Gustave-Zede, Paris) occupied luxury apartment in the house No 6 at Admiralty Seaside. In the evenings, the usual Drzewiecki guests were brothers
Paul and Peter Solomonovich Martynov
(Lyubov Orlova-Denisova married to Nikolai Trubetskoy, she b. 1828, d. 1860. Her brother Fedor / Fiodor born 1802 or 1806 with wife from the

Nikitin family.

 Sister of above Lyubov nee Orlova-Denisova married Trubetskoy: Nadiezda / Nadjezda / Nadine Orlov-Denisov married to

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin,

he born ? and died before 1868, Major-General, ataman Orenburg Cossacks - his parents: father Andrew / Andrej Katenin 'youngest' b. 1768 and d. 1835, wife -
Irina Lermontov. His grandfather Fedor Katenin and his great-grandfather Ivan Nikitich Katenin d. 4 December 1723. Mother of above named
Michail Andreevich Katenin - Irina Lermontov / Lermontow b. 1771 d. 1818. His brother Alexander A. Katenin, b. 1800 Kluseevo or Polovtsov in 1803 with wife Barbara I. Vadkovsky from Jan Wadkowski family. Above Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin daughters: Mary or Maria
[Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899,

married in 1868 to Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin

- daughter of Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, and Countess Nadejda Vasilievna, second daughter of General Count

Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.

He d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters: Prince Mikeli / Mikhail Nikolaievitch Gruzinski, b. 1886, a govt. official in Minsk in 1914, m. daughter of

Ivan Bzhozovskii / Jan Brzozowski;

Princess Mariami / Maria Nikolaievna, first wife of Andrei Alexeivitch Tregubov; Princess Nadina Nikolaievna / Nadejda Nikollaievna, married second time to

Lieutenant-General Alexei Mikhailovitch Kauffman, cdt. Grodno Hussars of the Guard, third son of General Mikhail Petrovitch Kauffmann, Engineer-General of Russia, d. at Warsaw, 30th October 1901;

Princess

Anastazia / Anastasia Nikolaievna Gruzinskaya,
1917 - she emigrated to Dvinsk / Daugavpils in Latvia,
where she participated in the Greek-Catholic movement
]
and Sofia d. 1908 married
Martynov. At margin: Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760 and his brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich: Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska daughter of ?, Polish - but we know only Michal Tarnowski b. 1782 d. 1831 and his parents Jan Jacek Tarnowski b. 1729 and Rozalia Czacka - she b. 1783, d. 1851; her children: Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish); Michael Solomonovich 1814-60;

Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna

married Rzewska (Polish) / Rzhevskij Michal; Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich b. 1824 and died 1909; Elizabeth; Natalia b. 1819; Julia married Gagarin, b. 1821; also Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki, Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.; above named Sofia d. 1908 and married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 -

his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816

and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783)
,
engineer Breguet (Louis Antoine Breguet that is Antoine Breguet b. 1851 - died 1882, was engineer and his son

Louis Charles Breguet
b. 1880, d. 1955, was aircraft manufacturer

and was a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers who - in 1905, with his brother Jacques Breguet - began work on a

gyroplane, the forerunner of the helicopter,

with flexible wings - like Igor Sikorsky and prof. Bothezat; Jacques Bréguet that is probably Mr Breguet who was the

engineer of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', company representative, Swiss citizen and friend of Stefan Drzewiecki;

Louis and Jacques Breguet, of the famous clock- and watch-making family, were interested in aviation from an early age and on 19 September 1907, they, in cooperation with Professor Charles Richet, created the first helicopter
),

Dyuflon,

botanist professor Poiret / Poireau / Poirot,

K. E. Makovsky (Konstantin Yegorovich - that is son of Георгий or Юрий - Makovsky, b. Moscow in 1839 and died in Petrograd / St Petersburg on 30 Sept. 1915, painter, 1891 had become a member of the newly formed

'St Petersburg Society of Artists'
),

and the pretender to the Serbian throne, prince Karageorgievich, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion (Arseny Karageorgievich b. 1859, d. 1938, who served until 1916 at the Russian military; the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia; was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888; wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich: Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev; her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; her grandfather

Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826, her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804;

her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817; her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812
).

In 1892, Swiss citizen,

L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon built in St. Petersburg plant for the production of electrical equipment

and opened in St. Petersburg 'Electrical studio'. In the same year 1892 he concluded a cooperation agreement with Moscow businessman of the

Breguet Company branch

- A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo, Palemon, Apolon) Konstantynowicz /  Константинович son of Wasyl / Wasilij Константинович, the owner of the technical office
.

Together they take on more complex projects, and soon

the company taken the first military orders.

Since 1896 the enterprise was owned by trading house, after by co-operatives and in 1901 it was transformed into a corporation.

1895 

The third company in Russia in terms of the
electronic products supply. Created 8 June 1901 by converting the firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' (Дюфлон, Константинович и Ко., ДЕКА) based in 1892. Founded in 1893 as a factory of electrical installations by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz / Константинович'.
Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon / Дюфлон, his Swiss friend
Yu Dizeren

(Jean Dizerens or Disserens / Diserens / diSerens from Switzerland; they were aristocrats who fled from Paris to Switzerland - Cully in Vaud, Lutry and Lousanne - during the Fr. Revolution, where they first settled in Lutry;

they were originally Italian noble family with last name diSerens or Diserens.
Also L'Abbaye, is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, town from where the Breguet family came to Paris; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne.

The father of above Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon / Luis Edouard / Louis Eduard Anton Duflon / Lun Eduard Anton Duflon, who was born 1861, a Swiss citizen - was probably Francis Dyuflon / Frances Duflon / François Louis DUFLON b. approx. 1824 (1831 ?). His wife was Jeanne Louise Susanne CUÉNOUD born 1826; her next of kin from families: Mercanton, Jenny, Milliquet. Her parents: François-Louis CUÉNOUD and Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD (Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD b. 29.03.1792 in Grandvaux, the Vaud province in Suisse; died in 1864). Mother of Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD: Jeanne-Louise RICCARD was born approx. 1757. Father of above Jeanne-Françoise CHAMPRENAUD: Jean Pierre Champrenaud. Father of above François-Louis CUÉNOUD: Jean David Cuenoud (Jean-David CUÉNOUD born 24.09.1774 in Grandvaux, Vaud province, Suisse and died on 13.02.1816 in Lutry, canton of Vaud, Suisse; maried to Jeanne Abetel on 14 August 1795 in Lausanne of Vaud province in Suisse).

Riex from Lutry 5 km distance only and east of Lausanne, 10 km.

The Duflon family nest in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland is to the west of Lausanne: Aubonne and Morges, where Duflon family was living in the 17th cent. - 18 km west of Lausanne.

The DUFLON family 1745 - 1815 was living in Riex of the Vaud province / Vaud canton, Switzerland / Suisse.
CHAMPRENAUD in 1748 also was living in Riex, Switzerland / Suisse. Riex close to Lavaux in Switzerland. CHAMPRENAUD in 1822 was living in Villette close to Lutry, too.

CUÉNOUD in 1774 in Grandvaux close to Lutry and Riex.

Disserens / Diserens / diSerens from Switzerland in Cully in the Vaud province, Lutry and Lousanne.

Marie Elisabeth DUFLON b. 1690 in Riex, District de Lavaux and married in 1714 in the Canton de Vaud. The Duflon surname has ancienne origin: de Fluvio. Surname DEMONTET dit TAVERNEY in 1646 was in Corsier sur Vevey of District de Vevey in Canton de Vaud. The DEMONTET family was near by DUFLON in 17th century. Barbara or Varvara Demonet or maybe DEMONTET from Vaud province was daughter of Carl de Monet's that is DEMONTET or Charles Demonets / Monnette or Demonsi.

Villette in the Vaud province. Cully is near to Riex. Villette or Lavaux close to Lutry and Cully. All on east of Lutry and east of Lausanne / Lozana. Vaud is the third largest of Swiss cantons by population and fourth by size. It located in the French-speaking western part of the country.
See http://www.gen-gen.ch/CUÉNOUD-CHAMPRENAUD/Jeanne-Fran%c3%a7oise/1232358
)

and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz / Константинович. In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant.
Lots of houses No 7 and 8 at Pavlov Street (Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street) in St Petersburg in 1895 bought L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon / Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren / Yu Dizeren and (inf. about first names, father's name of Apollo(n) Константинович and middle names need to be check, on Yu = Y. K., L. F. = Louis Edward, A. = A. V. / A. W.) A. V. (A. W.) Konstantynowicz / A. Konstantynowicz for the electrical company (since 1922 the Petrograd State Machine-Building Plant 'Electric'; in 1923, the factory designed the first Soviet welding generator).

The site houses No 9 and 12 Pavlov Street got the Prince of Oldenburg.

The house No 14 in 1909 - 1910: factory building for 'The Russian Society of the wireless telegraph and telephone', in 1923 created Central Radio Laboratory - here was located the center of the main domestic radio industry (L. Mandelstam, N. Papaleksi, D. Rozhanskii, V. P. Vologdin).

A note dated September 21, 1895 from the Ministry guarantees that the plant 'will be to have a free hand for quick ... execution of its most difficult and painstaking work...'.
Domestic firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' (Константинович) which was a representative of the French 'Sautter and Harle', under a contract of December 4, been making 11 sets of electric winches for battleship's elevators and to additional elevator for 'Rurik', winches ordered directly to firm 'Sautter and Harle' (the 'Rurik'-I keel was laid in the Baltic Works in St. Petersburg, May 19, 1890).
Fuller was an order given in March 1905 to the company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' immediately by 24 portable electric fans of 300 m / hr. 'Navarin' / Наварин, based on the British Trafalgar-class battleship, was built in St. Petersburg, 1889 to 1896;
in September 1893, as planned 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' factory was appointed date of move of 'Navarino' to Kronstadt for completion of equipment and accessories.
To build a 'Громобой' / 'Stormbreaker' ship in the new dock of the Baltic plant started on June 14, 1897, and on December 7 of that year this new cruiser called 'Gromoboi' was enrolled in the fleet; guns delivered from the Obukhov plant, and a winches from 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz company'.

1896
In December 1896 at Lopukhinsky Street in St Petersburg, now -
Copyright by http://rdp4v.livejournal.com/1449841.htmlAcademic Pavlov Street No 8, opened the first-born in St. Petersburg electrotechnical industry, the electromechanical plant facilities owned joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' (Дюфлон, Константинович и Ко., ДЕКА), a large role in which played the French capital. The 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' office was situated at Aptekarski Ostrov in St Petersburg, now Saint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University is also located on the island. The Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street, also found writing Lapuhinskaya; lots of houses No 7 and 8 in 1895 bought the L. F. Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren and A. Konstantynowicz / Константинович for the electrical company.  Alexander Stepanovich Popov, pioneer in the invention of the radio was associated Google map of old Duflon and Konstantinovich plant in St Petersburg at Medikov Street. Copyright by http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=576093&langid=5 with the island; on March 24, 1896, he demonstrated transmission of radio waves between different buildings in St Petersburg and he demonstrated ship-to-shore communication over a distance of 6 miles in 1898.
From the report of the Vologda city council member, F. N. Ovechkin, we know about question on the electric lighting in the city of Vologda in 1896 when the owners of the electromechanical plant of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', addressed to the Chief of the province a proposal to build in the city of Vologda electric lighting.
Nelly Bogorad in a newspaper 'The St. Petersburg Rush Hour' in 2002 was writing 'The Case Dyuflon will live': "In December last year the plant, 'Electric', the sources of which were enterprising Frenchman and a Pole, created in 1896 by joint-stock company 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', has got 105 years old. But the big date, ... at the company was not mentioned. ... It was the culmination of a period of confrontation of the two shareholder groups, each pursuing its own interests. ... Both groups of shareholders began buying shares in the factory ... in the course of privatization got a 60 % stake. ... Member of the Board of Directors of JSC 'Plant Electric' Andrey Stepanenko, representing a major shareholder, ... explained why he and his colleagues have undertaken to preserve the enterprise. ... As noted by Mr. Stepanenko, ... is not more than four years to modernize and reconstruct capital assets, depreciation is not less than 70 - 80 % ... and Mr. Stepanenko and his comrades are waiting for the expansion of welding equipment in the U.S., Germany, Sweden and Finland".

1897
Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon, his friend Swiss Yu Dizeren and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz / Константинович. In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant with name 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz, Dizeren and Co'. In 1901 it was transformed into a corporation.
Service of lighting in Irkutsk proposed 'Erikson' and the firm 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz', the Russian electric company 'Union' and General Electric Company and other contractors but on December 10, 1901 City Council received an offer from the Universal Company.
The new plant, received the name 'Plant of the electromechanical Structures', was opened 14 December 1896.

At the beginning of 1897 the company was renamed in partnership, and in 1901 the plant has been transformed into joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' (DECA), with a capital of 750 thousand rubles.

1901 

The third company in Russia in terms of the
electronic products supply. Created 8 June 1901 by converting the firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' based in 1892. Founded in 1893 as a factory of electrical installations by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz'.
Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon, his friend Swiss Yu Dizeren and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz / Константинович. In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant.
The new plant, received the name 'Plant of the electromechanical Structures', was opened 14 December 1896.

At the beginning of 1897 the company was renamed in partnership, and in 1901 the plant has been transformed into joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' (DECA), with a capital of 750 thousand rubles.

DEKA founded in 1901 on 08 June, as the transformation of the company Duflon and Konstantinovich / Константинович, which was founded in 1892 by Luis Edouard son of Frances Duflon / Louis Eduard Anton Duflon son of Francis Dyuflon or Lun Eduard Anton  Duflon, born 1861, a Swiss citizen and Polish engineer - technologist Apollon W. Konstantinovich, the Russian citizen. In December 1895 they bought the land in Lopuchinski Park in St. Petersburg. This factory was opened December 14, 1896. At the beginning of 1897 the factory turned into the Association and soon the 'Deca' began to receive government contracts, in particular for electrical equipment for naval artillery.
Louis E. Dyuflon was graduated of Zurich Polytechnic and starting as an engineer at the factory of electrical products, he soon became the official representative of the French electrical company of Breguet / Brown in Russia, where he met with the engineer Apollo Konstantinovich / Константинович - a representative of the same company in Moscow. Edward Brown from London became a partner, and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm; Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.

In 1901, the 'Deca' plant becomes a joint stock company DEKA. Capital 750 thousand rubles. In 1913 radio - agreement with French company SFR and it becomes a branch ot the SFR in Russia.

In the second half of 1901 Беклемишев, Михаил Николаевич / Beklemishev, Michael N. was sent to Paris for equipment to  Copyright by http://qrok.net/9442-podvodnyj-flot-rossii-chast-1.htmlRussian submarines with co-operation with Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company: a main engine - petrol four-cylinder engine of the Otto-Deyts 160 hp, it was enough fuel reserves to 30 hours. The motion of the water provided the electric motor of 70 hp and battery power capacity of 1900 Ah and were made ​​in Philadelphia, USA. Equipment ordered factory 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' from St. Petersburg. The submarine torpedo boat No 113 was built during the winter 1901 and summer 1902. However, the assembly of the battery to plant 'Dyuflon' delayed until late autumn, did not meet the contractual terms (accumulators and batteries were manufactured in 'Deka' plant after 1908); 1903 - it was finished making the submarine motor.

Above Беклемишев, Михаил Николаевич / Beklemishev, Michael N. was born on September 26, 1858 in the Alexinsky district of Tula province. 1879 graduated from the Technical College of the Navy Department, next taught at the School of Mine, graduated from the mechanical department of the Naval Academy. 1901 Горюнов Иван Семёнович / I. Goryunov, I. G. Bubnov and Beklemishev performed work on the development of mechanisms of weapons and electronics. Beklemishev was sent to the United States. In 1935 he was arrested by Soviets again and released. Gorjunov Ivan Semenovich b. 1869, scientist, naval military educator, designer of the mechanical part of the first Russian submarine 'Dolphin', Major-General. His son Nikolai Goryunov b. 1890, 1920-1927 the chief engineer of the ship's port of Sevastopol, was arrested in 1929 and executed in 1930.

Also tests of the Valentin Vologdin radio oscillator at the battleship 'Andrew' was successful; Marine Office was made an order for another twenty radio stations, which include a new power supply antennas. Order execution was entrusted to the plant by 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' for twenty ships. All of them are installed on warships of the Navy, have shown high efficiency.

1904 - 1907 
The beginning of a Duflon Company in Switzerland and France in 1904 (L. F. Dyuflon from 1908 resided in Switzerland). Within a few months in Russia and in
1901 / 1907 the beginning of the DEKA Joint Stock Society (Duflon,  Konstantynowicz & Company JSC). In this years a business started to operate in Aleksandrovsk / Zaporoze when DEKA JSC bought land in order to changeover of activity (see December 1915) in 1907 at address: Zaporozje, Motorostroitelej 15. On 15 November 1907 the City Council of Alexandrovsk allocated land for the construction of the brothers Moznaim / Moznaimov iron foundry and machine factory but this factory was bought by joint-stock company 'Deca' from Moznaimov in 1915 and reconstructed for the production of aircraft engines; today, the 'Motor Sich', one of the most famous in the global avia industry (the Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz Company manufactured Salmson engines, Gnome, Ron - a production under license and by 1917 the production of the engines in all Russia reached 700 per month; about 250 were collected from the western parts; the Decka Company began to produce engines in 1913). Until December 1915 it made agricultural machinery and tools to perform different machining, cast iron and copper.
 

The "Credit Lyonnais" Bank in Geneva has got records, assessments and accounts for the Swiss country with reference number DEEF 30136  relating to "Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Company", that is  "Company of the Electromechanical Factories of Constructions" called DEKA of 1904 - 1916; researched in 1921.

The DEKA Company produced agricultural machineries and tools, various machines, a cast iron; the factory in 1907 - 1911 (iron foundry) cast copper pieces and iron equipment. Ukraine organized a Celebration Committee in 2007 on the occasion of the one hundred anniversary of the "Motor Sich" CompanyDEKA Joint-Stock Company.

The joint stock Copyright by Moikrewni.pl. Bogdan Konstantynowicz / Константинович details.company 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Polish and Lithuanian roots. Copyright by Bogdan Konstantynowicz / Константиновичfrom St Petersburg and Moscow was co-property of our Mscislau branch of the male-line descendants of Dominik Konstantynowicz and our old ancestry:

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz / Константинович who b. ca 1862 - son of Wasilij Константинович / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1840. The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand - Eugene born about 1842.

Wasilij / Wasyl Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, was general of the Russian Army,
and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families  TretyakovBarsak, Klyachko and Manfred. His grandfather Baxter, probably English (mother side), acc. to http://www.leon-bakst.com/ - Collection Constantinowitz. Leon Bakst always lived with his family in St. Petersburg. Leon Bakst had two sisters, Sophia and Rose, and brother Isaiah.
April 28 in 1866 Leon Bakst was born in Grodno. His grandfather was a tailor in Paris and ca 1876 came to Russia, to St Petersburg. In 1878 Leon Bakst won a drawing contest at school and after he decid to leave college. When his grandfather died, his parents divorced. Kanaev, his friend, found him a job with Albert Benois, Alexandre Benois, K. Somov, W. Vroubel, D. Filosofov and his cousin S. Diaghilev. Alexandre Benois has friend - Count Benkendorf; Count put him in touch with Gran Duke Vladimir; Duke was President of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts. 1903 Leon Bakst married L. Gricenko, widow of a painter, the daughter of P. Tretyakov. 1914 thanks to Count D. Benkendorf's support, Leon Bakst was elected as a member of the Academy of Fine Arts.
Above Dmitry A. Benkendorf / Benkendorf, Dmitriy Alexandrovich / Mita, born 1845, died 1917 or 1919; in 1910 became chairman of Academy of Fine Arts. State Councillor; in 1882-94 Secretary of the Embassy in Berlin, and later a member of the Council of the Russian Bank for Foreign Trade, the 'Russian Society of Sea, River ... and warehouses', 1903 - the Mariupol Mining and Metallurgical Society; amateur painter, graphic artist. His brother, Alexander, 1848-1915, Lieutenant General. Note on the family of Dmitry Benckendorf / Dmitriy Benkendorf (Mita) born in 1845. Benkendorf Dmitriy Alexandrovich nickname Mita, died 1917. His brother, Alexander Alexandrovich Benckendorf, 1848 - 1915, was lieutenant-general. We now check data on his father: 1. ? they were sons of Alexander Benckendorf (1819 - 1849), the Guard lieutenant. Portrait of Steuben. 2. or they were next of kin with the Nikolai Kropotkin: his brother Peter D. Kropotkin; from Peter / Pyotr Kropotkin, b. 1771 d. 1826 and Praskovja A. Gagarin b. 1770 d. 1850, were children: 1800 - Tatiana Kropotkin Musin-Pushkin, 1801 - Dmitry Petrovich Kropotkin, 1802 - Nicholas P. Kropotkin and 1805 - Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin died 1871 - father of famous theorist of anarchism. Near by to the Benkendorf family! Children of above named Dmitrij / Dmitry Kropotkin: 1826 Peter D. Kropotkin, 1830 Nikolai Kropotkin next of kin with Benkendorf and 1832 Ivan D. Kropotkin.

We remember about Weimar Orest E., b. 1845 died in 1885, prominent physician in St. Petersburg, populist, organized the escape of Kropotkin from prison in 1876 acc. to 'Notes of a revolutionary' by Kropotkin; he was arrested in 1879 and sentenced to 15 years in prison; he died in prison at Kara; his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz daughter of Jan / Ivan Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz;
Wiktoria - she was b. 1846 and died in 1899/1900.

Prince Peter Kropotkin b. 1842, Moscow, died 1921; theorist of anarchism, a historian, from princes of Smolensk province, his father, Prince Alexei Petrovich Krapotkin (1805 - 1871), Major General, owned estates in the three provinces; his mother, Catherine N. Sulima was a direct descendant of Cossacks Ataman - Ivan Sulima. Above Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin, b. 1805 and his father Pyotr Kropotkin b. 1771 and mother Praskovja A. Gagarin b. 1770.
Pyotr Kropotkin b. 1771, has father Nikolai Alexeyevich Kropotkin b. 1742 d. 1795,
and grandfather Alexey Kropotkin.

We back to the Benckendorf or Benkendorf family:
Alexander Benkendorf (1800 - 1873) in 1826, retired with the rank of lieutenant of the Guards, settled in Vinogradov, in 1859 bought the oil mines on the Apsheron Peninsula near Baku, founded the oil company 'Benckendorf', in 1865 he was in Moscow; his children:
a. Maria Benckendorf b. 1833 d. 1887 - her husband Nikolai Kropotkin b. 1830 and his brothers Peter D. Kropotkin 1826, and Ivan D. Kropotkin 1832; and her child Dmitri Kropotkin, b. 1857 d. 1902.
b. Above Alexander Benkendorf born 1800 d. 1873 (probably father of Dmitry Benckendorf / Dmitriy Benkendorf (Mita) born in 1845 that is Benkendorf Dmitriy Alexandrovich nickname Mita, died 1917 - you look on Bakst and Apollon Konstantynowicz). Father of Alexander: Ivan Benckendorf b. 1765 d. 1841, and grandfather: Johann Michael Ivan Benckendorf b. 1720 d. November 18, 1775, came from Johann Benckendorf b. April 26, 1659 d. June 17, 1727.
Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin b. 1805 died 1871 - father of famous theorist of anarchism Prince Peter Kropotkin b. 1842, Moscow, died 1921; theorist of anarchism. Near by to the Benkendorf family!

1924 Bakst meet Ida Rubinstein.

Nephew of Leon Bakst that is son of his sister Rose Samuilovna Rosenberg / Samuel Rosenberg was born in Germany (Zakhar L. Manfred worked as a lawyer in St. Petersburg, during the Civil War was a teacher in the Saratov province, then in the Pskov province; Rosa Samuilovna Rosenberg - a translator, sister of the artist Leon Bakst, died in 1918) and Zachary Manfred, was historian Albert Z. Manfred (1906-1976) who born in St Petersburg (acc. to Eugene Konstantynowicz / Константинович - son of Apollon Konstantynowicz, Polish, and Anna Konstantynowicz / Константинович nee Armand, Polish roots - and his children living in Switzerland and Paris, France, that is grandchildren of Anna nee Armand, and great-grandchildren of Varvara Karlovna Demonsi / Demonets or DEMONTET; this Eugene Konstantynowicz, as a patient, was treated in Switzerland, there he became acquainted with Marusya, who cared for her uncle Leon Bakst, along with Sophia, Bertha, Paul and Emily). See: the Constantinowitz Museum in Meudon.
Meudon is a municipality in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, in the département of Hauts-de-Seine. Chalais-Meudon was important in the pioneering of aviation, initially balloons and airships, but also the early powered craft (in 1880 Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs).
Klyachko, Maria Markovna (1895 - 1994), married name Constantinowitz / Marie Constantinowitz (1895 - 1994), daughter of Léon Bakst’s sister, Sophia Klyachko / Sophie nee Bakst (1869 - 1944). All information about Léon Bakst’s relatives are culled from 'My recollections of Uncle Lyova', the memoirs of Maria Klyachko-Constantinowitz and Manuscripts department, Tretyakov Gallery, fund 111, items 2632, 2636, and from Nikolai Constantinowitz, Irina Albertovna Manfred, Maria Markovna Klyachko who married a musician – a cello player Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinowitz (1890 - 1977). She met her future husband in Switzerland, when she was tending to the sick Bakst. Her two sons became architects - Nikolai and Pyotr Constantinowitz (Mikolaj Konstantynowicz and Piotr Konstantynowicz; but also is inf. about 3 children of Maria nee Klaczko / Maria Markovna Klyachko and Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinovich / Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz) and 'Collection of the Constantinowitz family' is in Paris (among correspondence of Howard D. Rothschild were letters of Constantinowitz Marie in 1976-1980; Howard Rothschild born 1907 and died 1989 in New York). Constantinowitz, Pyotr Yevgenievich (Kанстантинович / Kanstantinovich / Constantinowitz Pierre was born 1928 and address: Orée du Bois Brűlé, 78380 Bougival) and Constantinowitz Nikolai Yevgenievich (born 1931 - Nicolas, 45B Route des Gardes, Meudon). Constantinowitz, Yevgeny Apollonovich (Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz son of Apollon Konstantynowicz; born 1890 - died 1977) was a cello and piano player; he was receiving a treatment at the same resort as Bakst. And also we know about Carole Constantinowitz.
Pierre Constantinowitz, route de la Bourbonniere, Chailly en Gatinais and 13 rue des Pres Verdy, Sevres, France.
Copyright by http://www.leon-bakst.com/php/famille.php?lang=ru

Inessa Armand born in Paris on 8th May, 1874. Name variations: Ines Stéphane / Eлизавета Фёдоровна / Ines Elisabeth Stephane / Elise / Elisabeth / Elisaveta / Стеффeн / Steffen / Comrade Inessa and Elena Blonina. Born Elizabeth Stephane, was daughter of Theodore Pecheux d'Herbenville and Nathalie Wild; married Alexander Armand, Oct 3, 1893.
Alexandre Dumas points to Pescheux d'Herbenville / Pecheux and Ernest Duchatelet were involved in political trials at the time but the person who shot Alfred Galois (a duel) was by the initials L. D., a member of the Society of Friends of the People (La Societe des Amis du Peuple, in France created in 1830, fighting for a republic and for political enlightenment of progressive workers. After the 1833 trial, the society ceased to exist, acc. to 2010 The Gale Group, Inc). And after - when she was only five - Elizabeth Stephane or Ines / Inessa was brought up by an aunt - new governess and grandmother living in Moscow - around 1880. Anna Asknazi vel Askenazy was friend of Inessa Armand in Moscow of 1909 and also doctor N. N. Pechkin, Boris Armand, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich / Константинович who helped out financially, Natalia Emil'evna, the twin Brilling brothers-in-law, Alexander Armand. At the age of eighteen she married
Alexander Armand, the son of Evgenii Armand, a successful textile manufacturer in Pushkino near by Moscow. At the age of 19 she knew only two languages until as adult she learned German and Polish.

Who was Inessa Armand? "Date of birth: May 8th 1874, according to Eglish Wiki, and April 26th 1874 – to Russian. Her father, a singer, is described almost identically everywhere, but her mother, Nathalie Wild, is called simply 'a comedian' in English Wiki, a 'half-French, half-English Jewish actress' in Russian. Other Russian-language sources mention only that her parents were 'actors', another one informs us that, possibly, her parents were not officially married at the time of her birth...".


Part 1 - Intelligence. Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia. Bolshevik Revolution 1917. Key note.